Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”

Iouaei TH??e ?aaaiiae/

OAeE 621.372

?AeAIOEO?EAOe?ss IA?AIAO??A IAE?IIIAeAEAE IAE?I?EIEO AeEIAI?*IEO
AAAAOIIIETHNIEO EIIIIIAIO?A AEAEO?E*IEO E?E

05.09.05 — oai?aoe/ia aeaeo?ioaoi?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noao?a Iao?i A?eai?iae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith oai?aoe/ii? ? caaaeueii? aeaeo?ioaoi?ee Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaiaec?e Aiaaeai Aiae??eiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith oai?aoe/ii? ?aae?ioaoi?ee oa ?aae?iaei??thaaiue
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaeueiee Aiaaeai Ee?eeiae/,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai a iaiaaeaeiaio? Euea?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

— ?inoeooo aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e oai?aoe/ii?
aeaeo?ioaoi?ee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i “15” aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae35.052.02 o Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (290646, i. Euea?a, aoe. N. Aaiaea?e, 12,
aoae. 114).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “22” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, Ei?oae A. ?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?eueo?noue caaea/, iia’ycaieo c aiae?cii
aeaeo?e/ieo noai, ae??oothoueny a aeaa aoaie. Ia?oee aoai iieyaa? a
neeaaeaii? ??aiyiue noaie o oi?i?, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe caeiie
E??oaioa ? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaiaio?a, ui aoiaeyoue a noaio. Ae?oaee aoai
iieyaa? a ?ica’ycaii? oeeo ??aiyiue oeyoii canoinoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
aiae?oe/ieo /e /enaeueieo iaoiae?a. Aei iiyae eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee oe?
??aiyiiy, ye i?aaeei ?ica’ycoaaeenue aiae?oe/iei oeyoii, ui iaeeaaea?
aei?noe? iaiaaeaiiy ia ?ici?? ? oei noai, ye? iiaee aooe i?iaiae?ciaai?.
Aaeee? e?i?ei? noaie ? iaa?oue iaaaeee? iae?i?ei? noaie ??aeei
i?aeeyaaee oi/iiio aiae?cia?.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? cia/ii c?inea ?ieue nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy (NAI?) ye iaeiiai c iaeia?niaeoeai?oeo cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? yeino? ?iaeaia?ii? i?aoe? o i?ioean? iiaoaeiae ?
aiae?co aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo i?eno?i?a ??ciiiai?oiiai
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy. I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aaoiiaoecaoe??,
?ioaineaia aeei?enoaiiy NAI? aeiaaa? iaiiaiaiiy a?ae?ioae aeaeo?e/ieo oa
aeaeo?iiieo eiiiiiaio?a iaoaiaoe/ieie iiaeaeyie oeeo eiiiiiaio?a. ?o
iiaoaeiaa noaea neeaaeiith i?iaeaiith, ine?eueee iiaeaethaaiiy no/anieo
aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo i?eno?i?a o?aaeeoe?eieie o?ceei-oiiieia?/ieie
iaoiaeaie (oiaoi ia iniia? aiae?co ?o o?ce/ieo oa eiino?oeoeaieo
aeanoeainoae) ? iaeiaoaeoeaiei /a?ac aaeeeo e?euee?noue ?o aioo??oi?o
ci?iieo, iniaeeai oea noino?oueny aaaaoiiiethnieo eiiiiiaio?a
aeaeo?iiieo e?e.

I?e iiaoaeia? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeoaea aaaeeeaei ? ??
oi?aa?naeuei?noue. I?ae oi?aa?naeuei?noth iiaeaeae ?icoi??oueny:
ii-ia?oa i?eaeaoi?noue no?oeoo?e iiaeae? aei aaeaeaaoiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy
iiaaae?iee oe?ieiai eeano aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiiaio?a; ii-ae?oaa
iayai?noue oi?aa?naeueieo aeai?eoi?a ye aeey noai?aiiy no?oeoo?e
iiaeae?, oae ? aeey aecia/aiiy eiie?aoieo /eneiaeo ia?aiao??a oaei?
iiaeae?.

C iaeyaeo ia oea ia?niaeoeaiei ? iai?yiie iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae,
cie?aia, iae?iiiaeaeae oeio “/i?ii? ne?eiueee”. A e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?
noai?ththoueny a?ae?ioaee iae?iiiaeaeae, ye? aeeth/athoue a naaa
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i no?oeoo?o iiaeae? a oaeiae /eneia? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
iae?iiiaeae? aeey eiaeiiai eiie?aoiiai eiiiiiaioa aeaeo?e/ieo e?e. Ana
oea aeiaaa? iaia’yceiai? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae,
aeeth/ath/e i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo. Oe? caaea/? ? aeiaie? neeaaeieie a
neeo aaeeeiai ??ciiiai?ooy eiiiiiaio no/anieo e?e, a oaeiae neeaaeiino?
caaea/? neioaco oi?aa?naeueieo iae?iiiaeaeae.

I?iaeaia aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aiao??a iae?iiiaeaeae
eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo e?e aeieea? a ia?oo /a?ao a oiiaao ae?iaieoeoaa,
eiee o?aaa noai?thaaoe a?ae?ioaee ia?aiao??a iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaio?a,
ui aeioneathoueny. Oey i?ioeaaeo?a iia’ycaia c i?iaaaeaiiyi aaeeei?
e?eueeino? aei??thaaiue.

I?iaeaia aaoiiaoecaoe?? iiaoaeiae a?ae?ioae iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaio
aeaeo?e/ieo ? aeaeo?iiieo e?e aeieea? oaeiae i?e i?iaeooaaiiy
?aae?iaeaeo?iiii? oa aeaeo?e/ii? aia?aoo?e ia aac? oeeo eiiiiiaio?a.
?ieiee aeieea? neooaoe?y, eiee a?ae?ioaee ia?aiao??a iae?iiiaeae? aeey
iaaiiai eiiiiiaioo iaia? cian?i, aai no?oeoo?a ?nioth/i? iae?iiiaeae? a
neeo oeo /e ?ioeo i?e/ei ia aeaooiao? ?ic?iaieea aia?aoo?e. A oeueiio
aeiaaeeia? aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue iia?aoeaii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iae?iiiaeae? c aaaeaiith no?oeoo?ith.

I?iaeaia aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeaeo?e/ieo aei??thaaiue iaaiai?thaaeanue a
e?oa?aoo?? aaaaoueia aaoi?aie. I?ioa iniaeeaino? aaoiiaoecaoe??
aei??thaaeueieo nenoai, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny nooi aeey cae?eniaiiy
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo e?e
a e?oa?aoo?? iaee iacia/ia aena?oeaiiy. A ?nioth/eo ioae?eaoe?yo,
i?enay/aieo aeai?e oai?, iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny no?oeoo??
aia?aoiiai caaacia/aiiy iiae?aieo aei??thaaeueieo nenoai, a oie /an ye
i?i caaaeuei? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae oaeeo nenoai oa, cie?aia, i?i ?o
i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy i?eae?eyeinue iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae.

Oiio aeooaeueiei ? oi?ioaaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae
iiae?aieo aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueieo nenoai, i?ecia/aieo aeey
aaoiiaoecaoe?? iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae, aeeth/ath/e ye aia?aoio, oae ?
i?ia?aiio ?o /anoeio, a oaeiae aeania ?ic?iaea iiae?aii? nenoaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue a ?aieao iaoeiaeo oai “Iiaoaeiaa nenoai oeeo?iai?
ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? ia aac? neaiaeueieo i?ioeani??a TMS320” (OO-510A) oa
“Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a ae?aeiioeee oa iae?iiiaeaethaaiiy aei ?ic?aooieo
iaiaeii??aeieo aeaeo?iiieo e?e” (OO-748A), ui aeeiioaaeenue
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith eaai?aoi???th aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy
?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo e?e oa nenoai Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. ?. O?aiea Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. O?aiea oa
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “Ae?AE” Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo canaae iiaoaeiae
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae, ?aae?caoe?y
a?aeiia?aeieo aia?aoieo oa i?ia?aiieo cania?a, iiaoaeiaa c aeei?enoaiiyi
noai?aiiai eiiieaeno iiaeo iae?iiiaeaeae eiie?aoieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa
aeaeo?iiieo e?e.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeaii? iaoe ? iaiao?aeiei ae??oaiiy ?yaeo caaea/:

· ?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia iiaoaeiae aeuacaaaeaieo
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai, ye? aacothoueny ia iniiaieo i?eioeeiao iiaoaeiae
oi?aa?naeueieo iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo e?e
oa oi?aa?naeueieo iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aiao??a oeeo
iae?iiiaeaeae;

· ?ic?iaea oa ?aae?caoe?y aia?aoii? oa i?ia?aiii? /anoeie
i?e?ii?ioeani?iiai eiiieaeno aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? iiaoaeiae a?ae?ioaee
iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo noai;

· ?ic?iaea aeai?eoi?a iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee aei??yieo neaiae?a a?ae
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo;

· ia?aa??ea aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe noai?aii? nenoaie oeyoii
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae aeayeeo eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo e?e oa
ia?aa??oe? oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy oeeie iae?iiiaeaeyie ?aaeoe?e ia ??ci?
ao?aei? aieeae;

· iiaoaeiaa iiaeo iae?iiiaeaeae nenoaiiiai oeio ?aaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a
aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo e?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

· cai?iiiiiaaii caaaeueio no?oeoo?o caieiaiiai aia?aoii-i?ia?aiiiai
eiiieaeno aaoiiaoeciaaii? iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae aaaaoiiiethnieo
eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo e?e;

· cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?o aia?aoii? oa i?ia?aiii? /anoeie oaeiai
eiiieaeno;

· ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy ?iioeuenii? caaaaee;

· ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a aeey ca?eueiaiiy neaiaeo a?ae
ooi?a eaaiooaaiiy AOeI;

· noi?ioeueiaaii e?eoa??? aeey aeaoaeooaaiiy ia?aoiaeo aeine?aeaeoaaii?
nenoaie a iae?i?eiee ?aaeei ?iaioe;

· cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae a?ia?iioei?caoe?? aeey ooi/iaiiy iiaoaeiaaieo
iae?iiiaeaeae aeey e?eueeio eean?a ao?aeieo neaiae?a;

· iiaoaeiaaii iia? iae?iiiaeae? nenoaiiiai oeio ?aaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a
aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo e?e, cie?aia o?ainoi?iaoi?a c ia?iaei?aei
ina?aeyi oa noaa?e?caoi?a iai?oae a ?ioaa?aeueiiio aeeiiaii?, oa
i?iaaaeaii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th ia?aiao??a oeeo iae?iiiaeaeae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o noai?aii?
aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai eiiieaeno aeey iiaoaeiae a?ae?ioae
iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo e?e, ye? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
o nenoaiao NAI? aeey iiaeaethaaiiy neeaaeieo aeaeo?e/ieo e?e.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiae ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy ?iioeuenii? caaaaee oa
iaoiae a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o nenoaiao ia?iaee
neaiae?a o aeiaaeeao, eiee aieiaiei e?eoa???i ? oaeaeeiae?y i?ioeano
ia?iaee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? ?acoeueoaoe, ui noaiiaeyoue iniiaiee
ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aaoi? io?eiaa naiino?eii. A i?aoeyo, iioae?eiaaieo o
ni?aaaoi?noa? aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe:

· cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei noai?aiiy iae?iiiaeaeae iae?i?eieo
aeeiai?/ieo aaaaoiiiethniee?a oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ne?aeeoth/iai
aeaoaeooaaiiy ?iioeuenii? caaaaee aeey aeaio neaiae?a [1];

· aoei aaeineiiaeaii iaoiae ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy ?iioeuenii?
caaaaee aeey aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy o?ueio oa /ioe?ueio neaiae?a [5];

· caeiaoaa/ai aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a aeey
o?eueo?aoe?? ooi?a eaaiooaaiiy AOeI [2];

· caeiaoaa/ai cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?o nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaii? iiaoaeiae
iae?iiiaeaeae iae?i?eieo aeeiai?/ieo aaaaoiiiethniee?a ? iieacaii
aoaeoeai?noue ?? aeei?enoaiiy ia i?eeeaae? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeae?
iae?i?eiiai o?ainoi?iaoi?a [3].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aoee i?aaenoaaeaii? oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia:

· I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie o?ce/ii? ?
a?iiaaee/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee”, Ee?a, EI?, 1997?.;

· *aoaa?o?e oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy
“Aaoiiaoeea-97″, *a?eane, 1997?.;

· I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie o?ce/ii? ?
a?iiaaee/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee”, Ee?a, EI?, 1998?;

· I’yo?e oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy
“Aaoiiaoeea-98″, Ee?a, 1997?.;

· 2-?e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy a aeaeo?ioaoi?oe? ? aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?”, Euea?a, AeO “EI”,
1997 ?.;

· ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ieo iniia aeaeo?i?aae?ioaoi?ee
EAeO ?i. ?.O?aiea.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 5 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c ieo 4 noaoo? o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 1 i?aoey iioae?eiaaia
aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 114
iaeiaioaaiue oa 15 noi??iie aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 146
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 60 ?enoie?a, 11 oaaeeoeue. O aeiaeaoeao
iaaaaeaii aeieoiaioe i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa oaenoe i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aaoiiaoecaoe??
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae iae?i?eieo aeeiai?/ieo aaaaoiiiethniee?a,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeiao iiaecio
?iaioe, i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeaii
a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi oa ii??aiyii oeie iae?iiiaeaeae
aaaaoiiiethnieo eiiiiiaio oa iaiao?aei? oiiae aeey ?o ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

Iiiyooy iae?iiiaeae?, yea iaaoei oe?ieiai aaeeoeo a oai??? e?e ii??aiyii
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia?aaaaeii i?e o?aaeeoe?eiiio i?aeoiae? aei
iaoaiaoe/iiai iieno aeanoeainoae ?ioaa?aeueieo noai (IN). Aeeiai?/i?
nenoaie noaee ?icaeyaeathoueny o aeaeyae? “/i?ii? ne?eiueee”. Iiae?aia
iiaeaeue aeei?enoiao?oueny a oai??? nenoai. Naia oaea iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue, yea aoaeo?oueny ia iniia? caeaaeiinoae ciai?oi?o ci?iieo
aeaiaioa, iacaaia iae?iiiaeaeeth.

Ia aeaiee /an aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/ aeeiai?ee aeaeo?iiieo e?e
aeei?enoiaothoue a iniiaiiio aeaa aeaee aeene?aoieo iae?iiiaeaeae. Iaeei
c ieo aaco?oueny ia aeene?aoieo ??aiyiiyo noaio. ?ioee aoaeo?oueny ia
iniia? Z-ia?aoai?aiiy, ? i???ioiaaiee o?eueee ia e?i?ei? eiea.

Ii/aoeiaeie aeaieie aeey i?ioeaaeo?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeooue aooe:

· ?acoeueoaoe o?ceei-oiiieia?/iiai aiae?co aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aaaaoiiiethnieea;

· ?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aaaaoiiiethnieea ye a
noaoe/iiio, oae ? a aeeiai?/iiio ?aaeeiao.

Aeei?enoaiiy o?ceei-oiiieia?/iiai aiae?co c iaeiiai aieo aeiaaa?
aeei?enoaiiy cia/ieo ia/enethaaeueieo ?ano?n?a, a c ?ioiai —
iani?iiiaeia a?aooaaoe ?yae aioo??oi?o ia?aiao??a aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
ia’?eoo.

Oiio /ano?oa aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeae? ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeaeo?e/iiai aenia?eiaioo.

Aeei?enoaiiy iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeae? ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueii
io?eiaieo aeaieo aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy na??? aeaeo?e/ieo aei??thaaiue. A
ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue yeiiiaa iiai?oi? aaoiiaoecaoe?? ye
aeaeo?e/ieo aei??thaaiue cie?aia, oae ? i?ioeaaeo?e iiaoaeiae
iae?iiiaeae? a oe?eiio.

Aeae? i?iaiaeeoueny iaeyae aaoiiaoeciaaieo aei??thaaeueieo nenoai.
Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo aei??thaaeueieo nenoai
i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai ciaioaiiy /ano aei??thaaiiy oa aei i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy iaae?eiino? aei??thaaiiy.

Eeaneo?eaoe?y aei??thaaeueieo nenoai i?iaiaeeoueny iae/ano?oa ca
nooiaiai aaoiiaoecaoe??, ca aeaeaie ao?aeieo oa aeo?aeieo aaee/ei oa ca
i?eioeeiaie iiaoaeiae.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?e?ii?ioeani?ii? oaoi?ee i?e iiaoaeia? aaoiiaoeciaaieo
aei??thaaeueieo nenoai (AN) i?eaiaeeoue aei ceeooy aei??thaaiue oa
ia/eneaiue, i?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaothoueny ana a?eueo neeaaei? aeai?eoie
oeeo?iai? ia?iaee ieoo?aeo cia/aiue neaiae?a; ea?oaaiiy AN iiai?noth
ia?aaea?oueny i?e?ii?ioeani?ia?; i?aeaeuo?oueny oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy
caaaeyee aaaaeaiith iii?aaie oa ei?aeoe?e ca aeiiiiiaith
i?e?ii?ioeani??a; c?inoa? aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeuei?noue AN; ae??oothoueny
ana a?eueo neeaaei? aei??thaaeuei? caaea/? — iai?yieo, noeoiieo oa ?ioeo
aeae?a aei??thaaiue, a oaeiae aei??thaaiue ia?aiao??a caeaaeiinoae;
i?aeaeuo?oueny iaae?ei?noue AN ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy naiiia?aa??ie ?
naiieiio?ieth.

Aeae? ?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? aia?aoii? oa i?ia?aiii? /anoeie
aaoiiaoeciaaieo aei??thaaeueieo nenoai, ye? iaoiiaeththoueny ?o
aeei?enoaiiyi i?e iiaoaeia? iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo e?e.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, yea ? iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?ioeaaeo?
?iaioe aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae. I?iaaaeaiiy
iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee neaiae?a coiiaeaii oei, ui ??ci? i?eeaaee ? aocee
i?eeaae?a i?aoeththoue a aaciina?aaei?e aeecueeino? iaeei a?ae iaeiiai ?
c?inoa? ?o aca?iiee iaaaoeaiee aieea. Oea ni?e/eith? iiyao ??ciiiai?oieo
caaaae o aei??yieo neaiaeao, aoaeoeaia onoiaiiy yeeo ? ? iniiaiith
caaea/ath iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee.

Iaoiaee, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiaeia ca?eueieoenue aai ciaioeoe aca?ii?
caaaaee o aei??thaaeueieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao, iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia aeaa
eeane. Aei ia?oiai eeano a?aeiinyoueny ?ino?oiaioaeuei? iaoiaee:
ae?aioaaiiy, cacaieaiiy, aaeainoaaiiy ? o.ae. Aei ae?oaiai eeano
a?aeiinyoueny aeai?eoi?/i? iaoiaee: e?i?eia oa iae?i?eia o?eueo?aoe?y,
a?aea?aeiaea aiiiaeueieo aei???a oa ?i.

Ia?iaea neaiae?a a cai?iiiiiaai?e nenoai? aaco?oueny ia eeaneo?eaoe??
caaaae c oi/ee ci?o a??ia?aeiino? aei??thaaiiy, a naia
aeei?enoiaothoueny ??ci? iaoiaee o?eueo?aoe?? aeey aiiiaeueieo oa
ii?iaeueieo caaaae.

Aeey ca?eueiaiiy a?ae aiiiaeueieo caaaae cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi
ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy aiiiaeueii? caaaaee. A?i aaco?oueny ia oiio
oaeo?, ui yeui aeayea aeine?aeaeoaaia nenoaia ? aeaoa?i?iiaaiith, oi
ia?ao?ae c? noaio 1 a noai 2 aiia aoaea cae?enithaaoe acaeiaae ?aeeii?
oaciai? e?eai?. Ia i?aeoeoe? oea icia/a?, ui a aeaio ie?aieo
aenia?eiaioao iaae iaei??th ? o??th ae nenoaiith i?e iaeiaeiaeo
ii/aoeiaeo oiiaao oa i?e iaeiaeiaeo ciai?oi?o aieeaao io?eia?ii aeaa
iaeiaeiaeo ei?enieo neaiaee-a?aeaoee ia ciai?oi?e aieea. Oea a naith
/a?ao ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei aaaaoi?aciaa aei??thaaiiy a?aeaoeo nenoaie, ui
?aeaioeo?eo?oueny, ia ciai?oi? cao?aiiy, oa iiaeaeueoo noaoenoe/io
ia?iaeo oeueiai neaiaeo.

Caaaeueiee aeai?eoi ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy ca /ioe?ia aei??aie
o1aen., o2aen., o3aen. oa y4aen. aoaea iaoe aeaeyae:

??aaiue ?1.

1. Noi?ioaaoe ??cieoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei???a o1aen.–o2aen oa
o3aen.–y4aen

2. I?e??aiyoe an? cia/aiiy aeene?ao ??cieoe? yaen. , ye? ca iiaeoeai A,
aei 0.

3. A?aeeeiooe cia/aiiy aeene?ao aeiaeaoiiai ciaeo.

4. Aeiaeaoe aei aenia?eiaioaeueieo iine?aeiaiinoae o2aen. oa o4aen.
?acoeueoaoe e?ieo ?3, io?eioth/e i?ii?aei? neaiaee o1i?ii., y2i?ii.

??aaiue ?2.

1. Noi?ioaaoe ??cieoeth i?ii?aeieo aei???a o1i?ii.–y2i?ii

2. I?e??aiyoe an? cia/aiiy aeene?ao ??cieoe? yi?ii. , ye? ca iiaeoeai A,
aei 0.

3. A?aeeeiooe cia/aiiy aeene?ao a?ae’?iiiai ciaeo.

4. Aeiaeaoe aei i?ii?aeii? iine?aeiaiino? o2i?ii. ?acoeueoao e?ieo ?3,
io?eioth/e ?acoeueooth/ee neaiae y*.

Iiaeeo?eaoe?y cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio ?c canoinoaaiiyi ia?ao?anieo
ia?iaie neaiae?a aeicaiey? cia/ii i?aeaeueoe iaae?ei?noue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo. I?e oeueiio i?e ?iia??iino? iiyae aiiiaeueiiai
aeeeaeo a iaai?e aeene?ao? ?ai=0,05% (ui a?aeiia?aea? ?acoeueoaoai
?aaeueii i?iaaaeaieo aei???a) aoaeoeai?noue o?eueo?oaaiiy noaiiaeoue
?ao=99,99999995%.

Ii??aiyii c ?ioeie iaoiaeaie o?eueo?aoe?? aiiiaeueieo caaaae
cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ia? aeuo aoaeoeai?noue ? iniaeeai i?e aaeeeeo
?iia??iinoyo iiyae aiiiaeueieo aeeeae?a. E??i oiai aeaiee iaoiae ?
iioei?ciaaiei aeey eiai ?aae?caoe?? ia ia/enethaaeueieo i?eno?iyo c
oe?ei/enaeueiith a?eoiaoeeith ? ? iaeaea aaea?/? oaeaeoei a?ae
iaei?ino?oeo iaoiae?a e?i?eii? aeno?aiieyoe??.

Aeey o?eueo?aoe?? ii?iaeueii? caaaaee, coiiaeaii? ooiii eaaiooaaiiy AOeI
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a. A iniia? cai?iiiiiaaiiai
iaoiaeo eaaeeoue oie oaeo ui aeene?aoeciaaiee ii /ano oa ii ??aith
neaiae iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae? noeoiiino? ieineeo ae?eyiie
(ieaoi) c iaaieie ??aiyie.

Cia/aiiy ei?eniiai neaiaeo a iaaeao iaeiiai ieaoi aoaea iaci?iia. Oiio
aeey onoiaiiy ooio eaaiooaaiiy a iaaeao iaeiiai ieaoi aeinoaoiuei
i?e??aiyoe cia/aiiy an?o aeene?ao neaiaeo ia oe?e ae?eyioe? aei aeayeiai
i?iaiiciaaiiai cia/aiiy ei?eniiai neaiaeo ia ieaoi.

Oaeei /eiii, iniiaiith caaea/ath ? ciaoiaeaeaiiy i?aai? oa e?ai?
a?aieoeue ieinei? iaeano?. I/aaeaeii, ui e?aa a?aieoey ieaoi ? aai
ia?oith aeene?aoith neaiaeo (aeey ia?oiai ieaoi), aai i?aaith a?aieoeath
iiia?aaeiueiai ieaoi (o an?o ?ioeo aeiaaeeao). Ioaea, iaiao?aeii ciaeoe
i?aao a?aieoeth ieaoi, aai, ui oa naia, e?ao a?aieoeth ianooiiiai ieaoi.

Aeaa ieaoi, ui eaeooue iaeei ca iaeiei, a?ae??ciythoueny i?iaiiciaaiei
cia/aiiyi ei?eniiai neaiaeo. Oiaoi, e?eoa???i aeinyaaiiy i?aai? iaae?
ieaoi iiaea aooe ci?ia oeueiai i?iaiiciaaiiai cia/aiiy.

Aeey ia/eneaiiy i?iaiiciaaiiai cia/aiiy neaiaeo ia ii/aoeo ieaoi
aeae?ey?oueny noaoe?iia?iee eeanoa? — iaaia noeoii?noue iaia?aae
caaeaii? e?eueeino? aeene?ao neaiaeo (oe?eia eeanoa?a), ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi neaiaeo a iaaeao oeueiai
eeanoa?a.

Eiee noaoe?iia?iee eeanoa? noi?iiaaiee, a i?aaa iaaea ieaoi ua ia
aeinyaiooa, oiae? oi?io?oueny oae caaiee a?aeo/ee eeanoa?, ii/aoeiaa
iiceoe?y yeiai ciaoiaeeoueny ia iaeio aeene?aoo i?aa?oa a?ae i?aai?
iaae? noaoe?iia?iiai eeanoa?a. I/aaeaeii, i?e oi?ioaaii? a?aeo/iai
eeanoa?a oaeiae iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoenue aeuacaaaeai? oiiae iiaeeeaiai
aeinyaiaiiy i?aaiai e?ath ieaoi.

Aeae? i?iaiaeeoueny ii??aiyiiy i?iaiiciaaieo cia/aiue a iaaeao
eeanoa??a. sseui i?iaiiciaai? cia/aiiy noaoe?iia?iiai oa a?aeo/iai
eeanoa??a iaeiaeia?, oi a?aeo/ee eeanoa? ia?ai?ua?oueny ia iaeio
aeene?aoo ai?aai ? ii??aiyiiy i?iaeiaaeo?oueny. Eiee ae cia/aiiy
eeanoa??a ??ci?, oi i?aaa iaaea ieaoi i?eeia?oueny ??aiith e?a?e iaae?
a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a. Oaeei /eiii, a?aeo/ee eeanoa? cae?enith? ia?ai?uaiiy
ii ianeaia? aeaieo a?ae ii/aoeo iaaiiai ieaoi aei eiai cae?i/aiiy.

I?ney ciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aieoeue ieaoi a?aeaoaa?oueny eiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy
oa ia?ao?ae aei ?ioiai ieaoi. Oaeei /eiii i?iaiaeeoueny ia?iaea anueiai
ianeao aeaieo.

sse ? aeuacaaaeaiee iaoiae ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy aiiiaeueii?
caaaaee, iaoiae a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a ? iioei?ciaaiei aeey ?aae?caoe?? ia
ia/enethaaeueieo i?eno?iyo c oe?ei/enaeueiith a?eoiaoeeith ? iieaco?
cia/ii aeuo oaeaeeiae?th a ii??aiyii? c eeane/ieie iaoiaeaie
o?eueo?aoe??.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi iniiai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae aia?aoii? ?
i?ia?aiii? /anoeie nenoaie iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae.

No?oeoo?ii cai?iiiiiaaia aaoiiaoeciaaia aei??thaaeueia nenoaia ia?
aeaeyae, iiaeaiee ia ?en.1.

?icaeyaeathoueny oaeiae iniaeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? ?yaeo neeaaeiaeo /anoei
aeaii? nenoai, a naia: aiaeiaiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a eaiaeo OeAI,
eiiooaoi?a aiaeiaiaeo neaiae?a, aiaeiaiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a eaiaeo AOeI.

?icaeyiooa no?oeoo?a i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie, yea a naiiio
caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? iiaea aooe ?icae?eaia ia i?aea?oie:

1. I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aei??thaaiiy oa iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee neaiaeo.

2. I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeae?.

Oe? aea? a?oie i?ia?ai iiaeii? aooe ia’?aeiai? iaei??th ?ioaa?iaaiith
iaieiieith, yea aeeth/a? a naaa oaeiae ?ioa?oaen c ei?enooaa/ai.

I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aei??thaaiiy oa iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee iiaeiii
caaacia/eoe iinoaiiaeo aenia?eiaioo ca?aeii c caaeaiei noeaia???i,
caaeaiei ei?enooaa/ai oa caaacia/eoe iiia?aaeith ia?iaeo aei??yieo
neaiae?a c iaoith aea?eueiaiiy ?o a?ae ??ciiai ?iaeo caaaae.

I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeae? cae?enith? aeania
?aeaioeo?eaoe?th ca iaeiei c a?aeiieo aeai?eoi?a.

Aei caaea/ ?ioaa?iaaii? iaieiiee iaeaaeaoue: caaacia/aiiy ?ioa?oaeno
ei?enooaa/a, caaacia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiy na??? aei??thaaiue ia?aiao??a ia
??cieo aecaiiey?ao iaeiioeiieo aeaiaio?a, caaacia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiy
oanooaaiiy aia?aoii? /anoeie nenoaie aeey aeyaeaiiy ? iiia?aaeaeaiiy
cai?a a ?? ?iaio?.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee aia?aoii-i?ia?aiiee eiiieaen a yeino? iniiaiiai aeai?eoio
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeei?enoiao? aeai?eoi yeee ia?aaeaa/a? i?iaaaeaiiy
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? nii/aoeo e?i?eii? /anoeie iiaeae?, a iio?i — iae?i?eii?.
A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai no?oeoo?a aeai?eoio ?iaioe nenoaie aoaea iaoe
aeaeyae:

· caaeaiiy no?oeoo?e iae?iiiaeae?;

· caaeaiiy oi?ie oanoiaeo oa ia?aa??yth/eo neaiae?a;

· ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y e?i?eii? i?aenenoaie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo;

· aeaoaeooaaiiy iae?i?eiiai ?aaeeio;

· ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iae?i?eii? i?aenenoaie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo;

· ia?aa??ea iae?iiiaeae? ia ?ioiio neaiae?;

· aea?ae ?acoeueoao?a aeey ?o iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy o nenoaiao NAI?.

Aeaoaeueii ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy aeaoaeooaaiiy e?i?eiiai oa iae?i?eiiai
?aaeei?a ?iaioe aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo. Ca iaaieo oiia oeth
?aeaioeo?eaoe?th iiaeia, cae?enithaaoe aaoiiaoe/ii, aac ao?o/aiiy
ei?enooaa/a. Aeey cae?eniaiiy oaei? iia?aoe?? iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe, ui
iiaea neoaeeoe e?eoa???i ia?aoiaeo aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo a
iae?i?eiee ?aaeei ?iaioe. Iaeiei c e?eoa???a iiyae iae?i?eiiai ?aaeeio
iiaea aooe oa, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeia? ia?anoa? i?aoethaaoe i?eioeei
noia?iiceoe??. Ua iaeiei iaoiaeii aeyaeaiiy iae?i?eiiai ?aaeeio iiaea
aooe iiaeaaaiiy ia aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia’?eo neioni?aeaeueiiai oanooth/iai
neaiaeo. I?e oeueiio, eiee aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia’?eo ia?aoiaeeoue a
iae?i?eiee ?aaeei ?iaioe, oi o aeo?aeieo neaiaeao ii?yae c iniiaiith
neioni?aeith c’yaeythoueny oaeiae ?? aa?iii?ee. A oaeiio ?ac? a yeino?
e?eoa??th iiyae iae?i?eiiai ?aaeeio iiaea aooe eiao?oe??io aa?iii?e
aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo.

?icaeyiooi aeai?eoi ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?i?eieo aeeiai?/ieo
aaaaoiiiethniee?a, yeee aoa aeei?enoaiee i?e iiaoaeia? cai?iiiiiaaiiai
aia?aoii-i?ia?aiiiai eiiieaeno. A ?iaio? aeaiiai eiiieaeno
aeei?enoiaothoueny iioei?caoe?ei? iaoiaee, aaciaai? ia aeai?eoi?
iai?yiiiai eiiona ?ano?ea?ia.

?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy aaeaioaoe?? ia?aiao??a iiaoaeiaaii? iae?iiiaeae? aeey
??cieo eean?a ao?aeieo neaiae?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii e?eueea aeai?eoi?a
aaeaioaoe??. Caaea/a aaeaioaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, uia ciaeoe oae?
ia?aiao?e iae?iiiaeae?, i?e yeeo aiia c iaia?aae caaeaiith oi/i?noth
a?aeoai?thaaea a ?aaeoe?th nenoaie ia neaiaee e?eueeio eean?a.
Aeinyaiooe oeueiai iiaeia e?eueeiia niiniaaie. Iaeei c ieo iieyaa? a
iinooiiaiio ooi/iaii? iae?iiiaeae? ii/a?aiai ia ??cieo eeanao ao?aeieo
neaiae?a. Ae?oaee iieyaa? a iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?ioeaaeo?e iiooeo
aeiaaeueiiai i?i?ioio ooieoe?? aaaaoueio ci?iieo, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny
a iaoiae? ?ano?ea?ia. I?e oeueiio i?iaiaeeoueny iiooe aeiaaeueiiai
i?i?ioio oae caaii? oe?eueiai? a?ia?ooieoe??:

wmetafile8? ??ss???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` 
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy` ?? ?? ???&?
?MathType??a????utha?????aea — wmetafile8? ??7???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy ??.?? ???&?
?MathType??`????utha?????Oe?eueiaa a?ia?ooieoe?y wmetafile8?
????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy@???? ???&?
?MathType??P????utha?????Ia caaa?oaiiy ?icae?eo i?aaenoaaeaii
i?eeeaae eiie?aoii? noaiioaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? cai?iiiiiaaiiai
aia?aoii-i?ia?aiiiai eiiieaeno. Aei??thaaeueia nenoaia a cai?iiiiiaai?e
?aae?caoe?? yaey? niaith aeie OeAI-AOeI oa aeie cai?o oa iiia?aaeiuei?
ia?iaee aeaieo, ye? i?ae’?aeiothoueny aei AII. Aeie cai?o oa
iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee aeaieo ?aae?ciaaii ia aac? neaiaeueiiai i?ioeani?a
TMS320C25 ae?iaieoeoaa Texas Instruments.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iienaii ai?iaaoe?th cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie ia
i?eeeaaeao iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae ?aaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo e?e
oa iiaeaii ?aaeuei? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iae?iiiaeaeae aeine?aeaeoaaieo
ia’?eo?a.

A yeino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia’?eo?a aoei aea?aii o?ainoi?iaoi? c
ia?iaei?aei ina?aeyi oa ?ioaa?aeueia i?e?inoaia noaa?e?caoi?a iai?oae.

Aeey iieno iae?iiiaeae? o?ainoi?iaoi?a aoei aeei?enoaii oi?io ??aiyiue
noaio:

wmetafile8? ??o???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy???F?? ???&?
?MathType?????utha?????aea — aaeoi? ci?iieo noaio, — aaeoi?
ao?aeieo ci?iieo, — aaeoi? aeo?aeieo ci?iieo, F,G,C,D — iao?eoe?
a?aeiia?aeieo ?ici???a, — aeayea iae?i?eia ooieoe?y aaeoi??a .

A ?acoeueoao? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aoei io?eiaii ianooiio nenoaio:

wmetafile8? ??ae???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
3???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyya2??/?? ???&? ?MathType??
???uUth„??????aeaioeo?eaoe?y i?iaiaeeeanue i?e iiaea/? ia ao?ae
no?eaeiiiae?aieo oanoiaeo neaiae?a. Ia?aa??ea oi/iino? iiaoaeiaaii?
iae?iiiaeae? a?aeaoaaeanue i?e iiaea/? ia ao?ae aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
ia’?eoo neioni?aeaeueiiai neaiaeo, aiie?ooaea yeiai aoea aeinoaoiueith
aeey aaaaeaiiy o?ainoi?iaoi?a a iae?i?eiee ?aaeei ?iaioe. Ia?aa??ea
iieacaea aeinoaoith oi/i?noue a?aeoai?aiiy iiaoaeiaaiith iae?iiiaeaeeth
?aaeoe?? o?ainoi?iaoi?a ia caaeaiee ao?aeiee oanoiaee aieea.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ?ioaa?aeueiiai noaa?e?caoi?a iai?oae ?
iayai?noue a oa?aeoa?enoeeao /?oeeo ceai?a. Iien oaei? iae?i?eiino? ca
aeiiiiiaith iie?iii?a 2-ai ? 3-ai ii?yaee?a, yeee aeei?enoiaoaaany i?e
iiaoaeia? iiaeae? iae?i?eiiai o?ainoi?iaoi?a, aeyaeany iaeiaoaeoeaiei,
oiio aoea aea?aia oi?ia iae?iiiaeae?, aea iae?i?ei?noue
a?aeia?aaea?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eoneiai-e?i?eieo caeaaeiinoae.

Caaaeath/e ia neacaia aeua iaoaiaoe/io iae?iiiaeaeue noaa?e?caoi?a
iiaeia caienaoe a oae?e oi?i?:

wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
` ;???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy`;???? ???&? ?MathType??a???uy
????aea f, g, c ? d – eiao?oe??ioe iae?iiiaeae?. Caeaaei?noue , yea
i?noeoue aeiaeaoeiaeo 3 eiao?oe??ioe (Unoaa, U1, U2).

A ?acoeueoao? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aoee io?eiai? ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe:
f=0.998986; g=-0.307; c=0.35; d=2,83; Unoaa=4.98; U1=0.63; U2=5.7.

sse ? o aeiaaeeia? c o?ainoi?iaoi?ii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iae?iiiaeae?
noaa?e?caoi?a i?iaiaeeeanue c aeei?enoaiiyi a yeino? oanoiaeo neaiae?a
no?eaeiiiae?aieo ci?i iai?oa oa no?oi?a ia aoiaeao aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
ia’?eoo. Ia?aa??ea oi/iino? iiaeae? i?iaiaeeeanue i?e iiaea/? ia ao?ae
noaa?e?caoi?a aeiaeaoieo i?aia??iae?a neioni?aeaeueii? iai?oae.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE OA AENIIAEE

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a iae?iiiaeaethaaiiy
aaaaoiiiethnieo eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo e?e a yeino?
aaciaiai iaoiaeo aea?aiee nenoaiiee iaoiae iae?iiiaeaethaaiiy o aacen?
aeene?aoieo ??aiyiue noaio.

2. Ia iniia? aiae?co oa eeaneo?eaoe?? aaoiiaoeciaaieo
aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueieo nenoai cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee iiaoaeiae
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iioeiaeueiee aa??aio eiii’thoa?ii?
aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueii? nenoaie, yea caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueiee
??aaiue aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii caaaeueio noaio aia?aoii? /anoeie aei??thaaeueii?
nenoaie. Iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue ?iciiae?eo iia?aoe?e ii cai?o,
iiia?aaei?e ia?iaoe? aeaieo oa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeae? i?ae AII oa
ciai?oi?i aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiei aeieii.

5. Noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? aeiiae, ui noaaeyoueny aei aia?aoii? /anoeie
nenoaie. Cai?iiiiiaaii noaiioaoi?/io ?aae?caoe?th ciai?oiueiai aeieo
aeuacaaaeaii? nenoaie.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaii caaaeueio no?oeoo?o oa eiie?aoio ?aae?caoe?th
i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy oaei? nenoaie.

7. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy ca aeaiia ao?aeieie
neaiaeaie aeey ca?eueiaiiy a?ae ?iioeuenii? caaaaee. Iiaeeo?eiaaii
aeaiee aeai?eoi aeey aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy o?ueio ? /ioe?ueio ao?aeieo
neaiae?a, iieacaii i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeai?eoio i?e aeei?enoaii?
iaaeeeoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i neaiae.

8. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a aeey ca?eueiaiiy a?ae ooio
eaaiooaaiiy AOeI. Iiaeeo?eiaaii aeaiee iaoiae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy eiai
aoaeoeaiino? i?e o?eueo?aoe?? aeeeae?a c aiie?ooaeith 2 aeene?aoe ii
??aith.

9. Cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??? ioe?iee iayaiino? iae?i?eiiai ?aaeeio ?iaioe
aeine?aeaeoaaii? nenoaie, ye? aacothoueny ia aeei?enoaii? i?eioeeio
noia?iiceoe??, oa ia aecia/aii? eiao?oe??ioo aa?iii?e ?aaeoe??
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo ia neioni?aeaeueiee oanoiaee aieea.

10. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe a iioei?caoe?eiiio iaoiae? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iae?iiiaeaeae i?i?i?caoe?th oe?eueiai? a?ia?ooieoe??, yea aecia/a?oueny
oe?eueiaeie ooieoe?yie aeey ??cieo eean?a ao?aeieo oanoiaeo aieea?a.

11. I?iaaaeaii ia?aa??eo aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie
oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae eiie?aoieo
?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo i?eno?i?a.

12. Iiaoaeiaaii iae?iiiaeae? o oi?i? aeene?aoieo ??aiyiue noaio aeey
?aaeueieo iae?i?eieo aeeiai?/ieo aaaaoiiiethniee?a: caoeiaiai
o?ainoi?iaoi?a c ia?iaei?aei ina?aeyi oa noaa?e?caoi?a iai?oae a
?ioaa?aeueiiio aeeiiaii?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 5 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo:

1.Noaoea I.A., Iouaei TH.A. Aaoiiaoecaoeey iino?iaiey aeeiaie/aneeo
iae?iiiaeaeae iiiaiiiethnieeia.- Yeaeo?iiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea., O. 20, ?
4, 1998 a., N. 50-57.

2.Iouaei TH.?., Noao?a I.A. Iaoiae a?aeo/iai eeanoa?a aeey o?eueo?aoe??
ooio eaaiooaaiiy aiaeiai-oeeo?iaei ia?aoai?thaa/ai.- A?aea?? ? ia?iaea
?ioi?iaoe??. — aei. 12 (88), 1998 ?., N. 77-80.

3.TH.Eicae, TH.Iouaei, I.Noao?a. Iiaoaeiaa aeene?aoii? iae?iiiaeae?
iae?i?eiiai o?ainoi?iaoi?a ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueii ciyoeo
ia?ao?aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee.- Yeaeo?iieea e naycue. — aui. ?5, 1998,- N.
15-18.

4.Iouaei TH. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae iae?i?eieo
aeeiai?/ieo aaaaoiiiethniee?a. — Oai?aoe/ia aeaeo?ioaoi?ea, 1998, —
?54,- N.94-100.

5. Iouaei TH.?., Noao?a I.A. I?e?ii?ioeani?ia nenoaia iiia?aaeiuei?
ia?iaee aeaieo ye aeaiaio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai eiiieaeno iiaoaeiae
iae?iiiaeaeae aeeiai?/ieo aaaaoiiiethniee?a.- I?aoe? i’yoi? oe?a?inueei?
eiioa?aioe?? c aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy “Aaoiiaoeea-98”,- Oii 3,- Ee?a,
1998 ?., N. 263-267.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iouaei TH.?. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ia?aiao??a iae?iiiaeaeae iae?i?eieo
aeeiai?/ieo aaaaoiiiethnieo eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo e?e. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.09.05 — oai?aoe/ia aeaeo?ioaoi?ea. — Aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. Euea?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae
iae?i?eieo aaaaoiiiethnieo eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo e?e.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?eaia aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae
ca ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei??thaaiue. Cai?iiiiiaaii
caaaeueio no?oeoo?o aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai eiiieaeno aeey
iiaoaeiae iae?iiiaeaeae. Noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? aeiiae aei oa?aeoa?enoee
? iiaeeeainoae oaeiai eiiieaeno. ?ic?iaeaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii
noaiioaoi?/io ?aae?caoe?th eiiieaeno o aeaeyae? ciai?oiueiai aeieo, ui
i?ae’?aeio?oueny aei AII. ?icaeyiooi no?oeoo?o i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy
aeey iiae?aiiai eiiieaeno. Iniaeeao oaaao caa?iooi ia i?ioeaaeo?o
iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee aei??yieo neaiae?a-a?aeaoe?a ia ciai?oi? oanoiaa
cao?aiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii iia? iaoiaee o?eueo?aoe?? caaaae: iaoiae
ne?aeeoth/iai aeaoaeooaaiiy aiiiaeueii? caaaaee oa iaoiae a?aeo/iai
eeanoa?a aeey aeaoaeooaaiiy ooi?a AOeI. ?icaeyiooi aeai?eoie
aeaoaeooaaiiy iae?i?eiiai ?aaeeio ?iaioe aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo.
Iiaeeo?eiaaii ?nioth/ee aeai?eoi i?i?i?caoe?? oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? a
iioei?caoe?eiiio iaoiae? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iae?iiiaeaeae oeyoii aaaaeaiiy
oe?eueiai? a?ia?ooieoe??, ui aeicaiey? ?icoe?eoe eean neaiae?a, aeey
yeeo iiaeaeue ? aeinoaoiuei oi/iith.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iae?iiiaeaeue, aaoiiaoecaoe?y ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iae?iiiaeaeae, iioei?caoe?ei? iaoiaee ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, iaoiaee
o?eueo?aoe?? caaaae.

Iouaei TH.A. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey ia?aiao?ia iae?iiiaeaeae iaeeiaeiuo
aeeiaie/aneeo iiiaiiiethniuo eiiiiiaioia yeaeo?e/aneeo noai. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.09.05 — oai?aoe/aneay yeaeo?ioaoieea. —
Ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao “Eueaianeay iieeoaoieea”. Eueaia, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia aii?inai eaeaioeoeeaoeee
iae?iiiaeaeae iaeeiaeiuo iiiaiiiethniuo eiiiiiaioia yeaeo?e/aneeo e
yeaeo?iiiuo noai. Iniaia aieiaiea ia?auaii aaoiiaoecaoeee
eaeaioeoeeaoeee iae?iiiaeaeae ii ?acoeueoaoai yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
ecia?aiee.

I?iaeaia aaoiiaoecaoeee yeaeo?e/aneeo ecia?aiee ianoaeaeaeanue a
eeoa?aoo?a iiiaeie aaoi?aie. Oai ia iaiaa iniaaiiinoe aaoiiaoecaoeee
ecia?eoaeueiuo nenoai, eioi?ua eniieuecothony aeey inouanoaeaiey
eaeaioeoeeaoeee iae?iiiaeaeae eiiiiiaioia yeaeo?e/aneeo e yeaeo?iiiuo
oeaiae a eeoa?aoo?a eiaee iacia/eoaeueiia inaauaiea. A nouanoaothueo
ioaeeeaoeeyo, iinayuaiiuo aeaiiue oaia, iniiaiia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony
no?oeoo?a aiia?aoiiai iaania/aiey iiaeiaiuo ecia?eoaeueiuo nenoai, a oi
a?aiy eae ia iaueo i?eioeeiao iino?iaiey oaeeo nenoai e, a/anoiinoe, ia
eo i?ia?aiiiii iaania/aiee oaeaeyeinue iaaeinoaoi/ii aieiaiey.

Iiyoiio aeooaeueiui yaeyaony oi?ie?iaaiea iniiaiuo i?eioeeiia iino?iaiey
iiaeiaiuo ecia?eoaeueii-au/eneeoaeueiuo nenoai, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey
aaoiiaoecaoeee iino?iaiey iae?iiiaeaeae, aeeth/ay eae aiia?aoioth, oae e
i?ia?aiiioth eo /anoue, a oaeaea nianoaaiiia ?ac?aaioea iiaeiaiie
nenoaiu.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa naeaeai iaci? aaoiiaoece?iaaiiuo
ecia?eoaeueiuo nenoai e aeaia eo eeanneoeeaoeey ioiineoaeueii o?iaiy
aaoiiaoecaoeee, i?eioeeiia iino?iaiey, eeanna aoiaeiie e auoiaeiie
eioi?iaoeee. ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe iino?iaiey iiaeiaiuo
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiuo nenoai, eniieuecothueony aeey eaeaioeoeeaoeee
iae?iiiaeaeae.

I?aaeeiaeaiu iauea i?eioeeiu iino?iaiey e iauay no?oeoo?a oieaa?naeueiuo
nenoai eaeaioeoeeaoeee iae?iiiaeaeae. I?aaeeiaeaia iauay no?oeoo?a
ecia?eoaeueii-au/eneeoaeueiiai eiiieaena aeey iino?iaiey iae?iiiaeaeae.
Noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua o?aaiaaiey e oa?aeoa?enoeeai e aiciiaeiinoyi
oaeiai eiiieaena.

?ac?aaioaia e i?aaeeiaeaia noaiioaoie/aneay ?aaeecaoeey eiiieaena a
aeaea aiaoiaai aeiea, eioi?ue iiaeniaaeeiyaony e YAI. Iainiiaaii
?acaeaeaiea eniieiyaiuo ooieoeee ii eaeaioeoeeaoeee iaaeaeo aiaoiei
aeieii e YAI. I?e yoii ia aiaoiee aeie aiceaaathony caaea/e i?aaiecaoeee
ecia?eoaeueiiai yenia?eiaioa e i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ia?aaioee aeaiiuo, a ia
YAI — caaea/e eaeaioeoeeaoeee iae?iiiaeaee e i?aaiecaoeee eioa?oaena
iieueciaaoaey.

?anniio?aia no?oeoo?a i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey aeey iiaeiaiiai
eiiieaena. I?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea aaeaioe?iaaii aeey eniieueciaaiey
iioeiecaoeeiiiuo aeai?eoiia eaeaioeoeeaoeee n ?acaeaeaieai ia
eaeaioeoeeaoeeth eeiaeiie e iaeeiaeiie iiaenenoai.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii i?ioeaaeo?a i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ia?aaioee
ecia?aiiuo neaiaeia-ioeeeeia ia aiaoiaa oanoiaia aicaoaeaeaiea.
I?aaeeiaeai iiaue iaoiae oeeueo?aoeee iiiao: iaoiae neaaeyuaai
aeaoaeoe?iaaiey aiiiaeueiie iiiaoe, aace?othueeny ia eniieueciaaiee
ecauoi/iie eioi?iaoeee i neaiaea, iaoiaeyuaeny a niaieoiiinoe ec
?acoeueoaoia ianeieueeeo iaeiioeiiuo ecia?aiee. Aeaiiue iaoiae
iioeiece?iaai aeey ?aaeecaoeee ia au/eneeoaeueiuo ono?ienoaao n
oeaei/eneaiiie a?eoiaoeeie, iieacuaay i?e yoii iaiiiai aieueoaa
auno?iaeaenoaea e aooaeoeaiinoue ii n?aaiaieth n eeanne/aneeie
iaoiaeaie. I?aaenoaaeaiu iiaeeoeeaoeee iaoiaea aeey aeaoo, o?ao e
/aou?ao ecia?aiee, i?iaiaeece?iaaia eo aooaeoeaiinoue.

I?aaeeiaeai iaoiae aaaouaai eeanoa?a aeey oeeueo?aoeee ooiia AOeI.
Aeaiiue iaoiae oaeaea iioeiece?iaai aeey ?aaeecaoeee ia au/eneeoaeueiuo
ono?ienoaao n oeaei/enaeueiie a?eoiaoeeie e iieacuaaao aieueoaa
auno?iaeaenoaea e aieueooth oi/iinoue aini?iecaaaeaiey enoiaeiiai
neaiaea ii n?aaiaieth n eeanne/aneeie iaoiaeaie oeeueo?aoeee.

?anniio?aiu aeai?eoiu aeaoaeoe?iaaiey iaeeiaeiiai ?aaeeia ?aaiou
enneaaeoaiiai iauaeoa. Iaeei ec ieo aace?oaony ia i?iaa?ea niaethaeaiey
i?eioeeia noia?iiceoeee aeey nenoaiu, eioi?ay eaeaioeoeoee?oaony. Aoi?ie
iniiaai ie ecia?aiee eiyooeoeeaioa aa?iiiee auoiaeiiai neaiaea i?e
iiaea/a ie enneaaeoaiue iauaeo neionieaeaeueiiai aoiaeiiai aicaeaenoaey.

Iiaeeoeoee?iaai nouanoaothuee aeai?eoi ieieiecaoeee oeaeaaie ooieoeee a
iioeiecaoeeiiiii iaoiaea eaeaioeoeeaoeee iae?iiiaeaeae iooai aaaaeaiey
oeaeaaie aeia?ooieoeee, eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyao niaie noiio acyouo n
ii?aaeaeaiiuie aaniauie eiyooeoeeaioaie ioaeaeueiuo oeaeaauo ooieoeee,
eaaeaeay ec eioi?uo niioaaonoaoao ii?aaeaeaiiiio eeanno aoiaeiuo
aicaeaenoaee ia iauaeo. I?iaaaeaiea ieieiecaoeee oeaeaaie aeia?ooieoeee
iicaieyao ?anoe?eoue eeann neaiaeia, aeey eioi?uo iiaeaeue yaeyaony
aeinoaoi/ii oi/iie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iae?iiiaeaeue, aaoiiaoecaoeey eaeaioeoeeaoeee
iae?iiiaeaeae, iioeiecaoeeiiiua iaoiaeu eaeaioeoeeaoeee, iaoiaeu
oeeueo?aoeee iiiao.

Pushchalo Yu.E. Identification of parameters of macromodels of nonlinear
dynamic multipolar components of electric circuits. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 05.09.05 — theoretical
electrical engineering. — The State University “Lvivska politehnica”.
Lviv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to problems of identification of macromodels
of nonlinear multipolar components of electrical and electronic
circuits. The special notice conversions to automation of identification
macromodels by results of experimental measurements. The general scheme
of the measuring — computer complex for macromodels building is offered.
The basic requirements to performances and possibilities of such complex
are formulated. The circuitry embodying of a complex by the way of
exterior block is designed and offered, which one is connected to a
computer. The structure of the software for a similar complex surveyed.
The special notice is given to a procedure of preprocessing of measured
signals — responses on exterior test excitation. The new methods of a
filtering of interferences are offered: a method of tracking detection
of abnormal interference and method of a moving cluster for detection of
noises an analog-digital converter. The algorithms of detection of a
nonlinear mode of operation of examined object surveyed. The existing
algorithm of minimization of an target function in an optimization
method of identification of macromodels is modified by introduction of a
target hyperfunction, that allows to expand a class of signals, for
which one the model is enough precise.

Keywords: macromodel, automation of identification of macromodels,
optimization methods of identification, methods of a filtering of
interferences.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 19.10.99 ?.

Oi?iao 60?841/16. Ae?oe ionaoiee. 1.0 oi. ae?. a?e.

Oe?aae 100. Cai. 1317

Ae?oe OcIA “I?IIAI”. i. Euea?a, ie. ?eiie, 36

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