29

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

NOEA* Ieoaeei Eocueie/

OAeE 624.132.3

?AeAIOEO?EAOe?ss ?IAI*EO I?IOeAN?A AEEAIEIAIAeIEO A?OIOI?IC?IAIEO

IAOEI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.04 – Iaoeie aeey caieyieo oa

aei?iaei?o ?ia?o

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao?

aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeaae?inueeee
A.E. – caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoae?aaeueieo iaoei EIOAA, aee?aeoi? IAe?
aoae?aaeueii-aei?iaeiuei? ? ?iaeaia?ii? oaoi?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?aaaoeue N.A.
?aeoi? ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe Aeoa?ianueeee I.I. i?ioani? eaoaae?e ii?nueeeo ?
??/eiaeo ii?o?a, aiaeieo oeyo?a oa ?o oaoi?/ii? aenieoaoaoe??
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ii?nueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naaaiei A.ss. caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aoae?aieoeoaa ? aenieoaoaoe?? aei??a Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaei?e oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao (eaoaae?a aoae?aaeueieo
? aei?iaei?o iaoei)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 12 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. ia 11 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.056.08 a Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith:
252037, Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?ini., 31, EIOAA.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A.I. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
*a?iaiei A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy iiai? i?aeaiaeii?
caiea?eeii? oaoi?ee aeey a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo, aoae?aaeueieo, aeaeiaoaieo ?
i/enieo ?ia?o i?ae aiaeith iaoiiaeea aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy a?oioiaeo
ianea?a ? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei. Aeiii? ayceiieanoe/i? a?oioe ?
inaaeee ?c-c? niaoeeo?ee caeyaaiiy ? aieeao aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua ia
iathoue aiaeia?a ia nooiaeie?, nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny oa?aeoa?
aca?iiae?? c ieie ?iai/iai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Oei ia iaioa, a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? ? i?aeoeoe? ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai?
?iai/? i?ioeane caiea?eeieo iaoei ia i?aeaiaeieo ? iniaeeai
aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioao. I?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeai? c aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oaeeo ?iai/eo na?aaeiaeu. Iaaeineiiae? iaoiaeieia?y ?
oaoi?/ia aaca aeey aea/aiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a ?
oa?aeoa?enoee aca?iiae?? c ieie iaoai?ci?a iaoei.

Noai?aiiy nenoaie iaoiae?a ? eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a i?aeaiaeieo iaoei ia? aaaeeeaa
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?/a cia/aiiy ? aeicaiey? caa/anii, ia aeii?iaeoieo
aoaiao, aecia/aoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeia aeaaoi??e,
ioe?ithaaoe niaoeeo?eo ?oeioaaiiy aeiiieo a?oio?a ? i/?eoaai?
iaaaioaaeaiiy caiea?eeieo iaoei a eiie?aoieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oiiaao.

A?aeiiino? i?i iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?oioiaiai oiio iaiao?aei? aeey
ae??oaiiy ia o?eueee iaoeiaeo, aea ? aaaeeeaeo i?aeoe/ieo caaea/, ui
caaacia/othoue ia?eoaoiee aeinooi Oe?a?ie aei i?ia?aeueii-ne?iaeiieo ?
aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Na?oiaiai ieaaio; inai?iiy aeeaieiaiaeieo ?iaeiaeu
iie?iaoae?/ieo eiie?aoe?e ? iaoaeiiinieo ioe?a; aeaeiaoaaiiy i?neo ?
nai?iiae?a c aeia *i?iiai ? Acianueeiai ii??a; ?ic?iaeo i?aeaiaeieo
?iaeiaeu iaooe, aaco ? aacia?ae?ao?a; aeei?enoaiiy noaia?eiieo aeoie?a
aeieia?/ii /enoi? ieoii? aiaee; i/euaiiy aeia aeaaoi??e a?ae
?aae?iaeoeaieo a?aeeeaaeaiue, aoae?aieoeoai a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae,
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo, aa?aaioe??iethaaeueieo oa ?ioeo ?ia?o i?ae
aiaeith.

Cia/ou?noue i?iaiicii? ioe?iee aeiiieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a c?inoa? o
cayceo c iaeaooi?i i?iieneiaei inai?iiyi ii?nueeeo ei?enieo eiiaeei,
iaiao?aei?noth ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeooaaiiy, nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io
noai?aiiy ie?aieo aeae?a ? eiiieaen?a iaoei aeey i?aeaiaeieo caieyieo
?ia?o ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o aenieoaoaoe??.

Aeeeaaeaia aeaco? ia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? iai?yieai ? caaea/ai: iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?ia?aie “?ioa?ii?aai” c i?iaeaie “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii??a ? ieaai?a c
iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?o i?ia?aeueieo ?ano?n?a”; ?anioae?eainueei?
i?ia?aie “Iaoa??aei?ie?noue” (Iinoaiiaa Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ?
?I.82.04. Oe.05.07); aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “Iaaeea? ?ano?ne” (ieai IAIAeO
ia 1994 2000 ?.?. “Noai?aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeieia?/ii aacia/ieo
oaoiieia?e aeaeiaooeo, o?ainii?ooaaiiy ? ia?a?iaee i?ia?aeueii?
ne?iaeie, aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, iaooe, aaco, ?ioeo aia?aiiin??a c
ii?nueeeo aeaaoi??e”); oaiaoeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o I?iina?oe
Oe?a?ie (10AeA-94, Iaeac II ? 57 a?ae 29.03.1994 ?.; 6AeA-96, Iaeac II ?
39 a?ae 7.02.1996 ?.).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?ioeano ?oeioaaiiy a?oio?a i?ae aenieei
a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii, ?ic?iaea iiaeaeae aca?iiae?? aeaoi?iaoi??a c
na?aaeiaeuai ? aecia/aiiy ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue aeeaieiaiaeieo
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei.

Iaoeiaa caaea/a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a noai?aii? iniia oai??? ??caiiy
aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ? oai??? ?o a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy.
I?aeoe/ieie caaea/aie ? aecia/aiiy iii?o ?oeioaaiith ? i?oei?nieo
aeanoeainoae a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai? oa oa?aeoa?enoee aca?iiae??
iaoai?ci?a iaoei c ioeenoei a?oioii.

Oai?aoe/ia /anoeia ?iaioe a?oioo?oueny ia /eneaiiiio aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
iaoa??ae?, iaea?aeaiiio a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao: ia aaoiiaoeciaaiiio
eiiieaen? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei (IAe? AAe?O),
oaea?iiio noaiae? (EI?), ?ioaoe?eiiio a?neiceiao?? (?inoeooo o?i??
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe), ia aeine?aeieo noaiaeao (E?A?), a aiaeiiio
aanaei? (?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie); ia ii?nueeeo iie?aiiao:
AIAeI?a??ieieuei?iaoo (i. E??iay, ?ecueea caoiea), IAeI?ieaaiaaio?ceee
(Aaeaiaeaeeoeueea aoooa), IAeI?ieaaiiaoa (i. Ea?/, neeaeiaee eaiae
cae?ci?oaeiiai eiia?iaoo), NEA Ieaaiaaioaoi?ea (Iiai?in?enueea aoooa);
i?e aea/aii? aeiiieo a?oio?a: Aaeo?enueeiai (IAeN “Oaeueo-1”), *i?iiai
ii??a (IAeN “ssioa?ue”, “Enneaaeiaaoaeue”) ? Oeoiai ieaaio a ?aa?ii?
Eea??ii-Ee?iia?oii (IAeN “17 nuacae i?ionithcia”).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino?
iii?o ?oeioaaiith aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a caiea?eeiith iaoeiith a?ae
ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano, i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua,
oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aaioioii?io?ethaaiiy
i?aeaiaeieo o?an, ui aeicaieeei:

iaa?oiooaaoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? iaaaioaaeaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei;
?ic?iaeoe iniiae oai??? ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ? oai??? ?o
a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy; anoaiiaeoe iia? caeiiii??iino? ?iai/iai
i?ioeano iaoei ia ioeenoiio a?oio?; aecia/eoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiiieo
a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai? ? i/?eoaai? iaaaioaaeaiiy caiea?eeieo iaoei;
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiieo ianea?a, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue nei?ioeoe /enei noaioe?e i?iaia?aeai?o, caaaeueio
o?oaei?ie?noue ?aeniaeo ?ia?o, anoaiiaeoe aenieoaoaoe?eiee a?oioiaee oii
ia ii?nueeiio aei? ? iioeiaeuei? o?ane aeaeiaoaieo nenoai.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ noai?aii eiiieaen ai?oiaiai ? caaeeaiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, i?ecia/aiiai aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/iai i?ioeano iaoei a
noaeiiaeo oiiaao ? ia aei? aeaaoi??e i?ae a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii aei 65
IIa. Iiaecia oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie ? iaoaioaie ia aeiaoiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?i?
iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy iii?o ?oeioaaiith aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ii
ia?aiao?ai ?iai/iai i?ioeano ? i?oei?niei aeanoeainoyi aeiiiiai ianeao.
Noai?aii onoaiiaee, noaiaee, i?eno?i? aeey ?aciaiai ? aacia?a?aiiai ca
?ooii noaeia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oio?a oa iaoai?ci?a iaoei ia aeeaei? aei
6500 i ? a ai?oiaeo oiiaao. Aei?iaoaaii aeine?aei? c?acee ? iiaeae?
iaoei aeey aeaeiaoaaiiy a?oio?a ? ei?enieo eiiaeei c aeia aeaaoi??e.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ii?nueeeo
?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo ?ia?o, aeei?enoaii a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo aei
i?iaeooaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo caiea?eeieo nenoai ? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?.

Canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue ?iai/iai i?ioeano ? aeinoia??i?noue
aei??thaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeiiieo a?oio?a, i?iaaaeaieo ia ii?nueeeo
iie?aiiao *i?iiai, Aaeo?enueeiai ii??a ? a Oeoiio ieaai?, a oaeiae
?aae?coaaoe eiiieaenio ioe?ieo aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio,
aecia/eoe i/?eoaai? ?iai/? iaaaioaaeaiiy caiea?eeieo iaoei ? oiiae
i?io?aeiino? ?o ia ii?nueeiio aei?.

Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy iii?o i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a ? ?o e?eoa??aeuei?
ioe?iee, ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaeueieo ? iaoo?ieo aei?iaoaaiue iaoai?ci?a
i?aeaiaeieo iaoei aeei?enoaii a IAeI?ieaaiiao? (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee) i?e
?ic?iaoe? aeeaieiaiaeii? aeaeiaoaii? onoaiiaee, a NEA oaoi?ee ii?nueeeo
aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o (Io?iainuee) i?e aei?iaoaaii? naiio?aeiiai
aa?aaaoo cai?o, a IAe? AAe?O (Ee?a) i?e i?iaeooaaii?
a?e?ooii-caieaniniiai eiiieaeno ? ieaao/i? onoaiiaee aeey i/euaiiy
aiaeieieu a?ae ?aae?iaeoeaieo ioe?a.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
EIOAA, aeeth/aii a i?ia?aio aeenoeeie?ie “?ioaineo?eaoe?y ?iaioe
aoae?aaeueii? oaoi?ee”, iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee “I?aeaiaei? aoae?aaeuei?
?iaioe”, /ioe?e iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee
eiiieaen aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei aeei?enoiao?oueny
i?e i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo caiyoue, eo?niaiai ? aeeieiiiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy.

Caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaa 3429,2 oen. a?i.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe:

iaa?oiooaaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo iaaaioaaeaiue aeeaieiaiaeieo
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei;

oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?ioeano ??caiiy ? a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy
aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a;

?ic?aooieia? noaie, iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, aeai?eoie ? iaoiaeeee
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aca?iiae?? iaoei c ?iai/ei na?aaeiaeuai;

iaoiaee ? oaoi?/i? caniae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei ?
a?oio?a ii?nueeiai aeia ia aeeaei? aei 6500 i oa a ai?oiaeo oiiaao;

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae aeiiieo a?oio?a, iii?o
?o ?oeioaaiith ? aca?iiae?? iaoai?ci?a iaoei c ioeenoei a?oioii;

eiiieaenia ioe?iea i?aeaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a ? i/?eoaaieo
iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno (?aea?, niiniae
?aae?caoe??, iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, aeai?eoie, caeiiii??iino?, iaoiaee
?ic?aooie?a), iaea?aeaii iniaenoi aeena?oaioii. Aenia?eiaioaeueia
ia?aa??ea iaoeiaeo ?aeae ? i?aeoe/ia ?o ?aae?caoe?y a eiie?aoieo
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiiyo ? eiino?oeoe?yo cae?enithaaeeny ?acii c ani??aioaie ?
caeiaoaa/aie.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
aenia?eiaioaeueii-oai?aoe/ia aea/aiiy i?ioeano ?oeioaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo
a?oio?a. Iia? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy aacothoueny ia ?nioth/ee oai???
aeeiai?ee nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua, iaoiaeao iiae?aiino? ? iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee. Aei aeine?aeaeaiue caeo/aii iaoiaee aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
ieaioaaiiy ? iioei?caoe?? aenia?eiaio?a, oaiciiao?e/iee ?
aenaea?iiao?e/iee iaoiaee aei??thaaiiy, ?aa?an?eiee ? e?eoa??aeueiee
aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeaii: aeinoaoi?i
ianyaii aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? /eneii aei??thaaiue a
aeine?aeao, ui caaeiaieueiythoue caaeai?e oi/iino? ? iaae?eiino?;
a?aeoai?aiiyi aeyaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae ?iai/iai i?ioeano;
aaeaeaaoi?noth ?ic?iaeaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo; caaeia?eueiei ??aiai ca?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a aiae?oe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? i?ieoee
ai?iaaoe?th ? iaea?aeaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo:

ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy ?
aeieia?y i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio” (Iae??aea, 1995 ?.); ia 2 Ana?in?enuee?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “I?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? caiea?eeieo iaoei” (Ai?ii?ae, 1994 ?.); ia
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
a?ae?iiaoai?ee a inai?ii? ieaaio” (Ee?a, 1992 ?.); ia ?anioae?eainuee?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie yeino? ? iaae?eiino? iaoei”
(Iiaeeueia, 1994 ?.); ia ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? c iaoai?caoe?? caieyieo ?ia?o (Ee?a, 1996 ?.); ia 54 – 60
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo EIOAA (Ee?a, 1993 – 1999 ?.?.);

ia nai?ia?ao ? can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?: aoae?aaeueieo ? iae?i?aoeaieo iaoei
??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (??aia, 1999 ?.);
ii?nueeeo ? ??/eiaeo ii?o?a, aiaeieo oeyo?a oa ?o oaoi?/ii?
aenieoaoaoe?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ii?nueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Iaeana,
1999 ?.); aoae?aieoeoaa ? aenieoaoaoe?? aei??a Oe?a?inueeiai
o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Ee?a, 1999 ?.); aoae?aaeueieo ? aei?iaei?o
iaoei Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (Oa?e?a, 1999 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 172
iaoeia? i?aoe?, a oiio /ene? 2 iiiia?ao??, 1 iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee, 104
noaoo?, 15 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa ? iaoaio?a.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 7 ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a
? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a oa i?noeoue a
oe?eiio 376 noi??iie, a oiio /ene? 307 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 15
oaaeeoeue, 85 ?enoie?a, 202 iaeiaioaaiiy a?ae?ia?ao??, 69 noi??iie
aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

1. Noai i?iaeaie. Iai?yiee ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?th
i?enay/aii aea/aiith i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy a?oio?a caiea?eeieie iaoeiaie
i?ae a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii, aecia/aiith oa?aeoa?enoee i?aeaiaeieo
a?oioiaeo ianea?a ? aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio ia aeeaei? aei 6500
i.

?icaeyaea?oueny aa?oiy (iiaa?oiaaa) /anoeia a?oioiaiai ianeao, a ye?e
?aae?cothoueny ?iai/? ? oyaia? oa?aeoa?enoeee caiea?eeieo iaoei. I?ae
aenieoaoaoe?eiei aeiiiei oiiii ?icoi??oueny ?iciiae?eaiiy a?oio?a ca
nooiaiai aaaeeino? ?o ?ic?iaee. E?eoa??yie oe??? ioe?iee i?eeiyoi
ieoiiee ii?? ?oeioaaiith a?oioo, o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? a?oio?a,
ye? neeaaeathoue ianea, ? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aeue?oo aeia.

?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei, ooieoe?iioth/eo
a neeaaeieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oiiaao, icia/a? iiaoaeiao iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae aca?iiae?? aeaoi?iaoi??a c a?oioii, aecia/aiiy iii?o, ui ae??
ia ?iai/ee i?aai, oiaeiao /anoeio ? iaoai?cie iaoei, iaoiiaeaiiai
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie a?oio?a, ?o iano/ith caeaoi?noth,
iniaeeainoyie ?aeue?oo aeia oa ?ioeie ia?aiao?aie, ui noioanoe/ii
ci?iththoueny a iaaeao ?ic?iaethaaii? ae?eyiee, c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeiino? ia?aiao??a a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei aenieoaoaoe?eiiio
aeiiiiio oiio.

Ii?? ?oeioaaiith iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia aeanoea?noue a?oio?a c oi/ee ci?o
oiia ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? iaoei aeey caieyieo
?ia?o. Aecia/a?oueny oea oei, ui ?oeioaaiiy (??caiiyi) ? iniiaiei
niiniaii ?ic?iaee a?oio?a, ca i?eioeeiii yeiai iiaoaeiaaii ? ae??
a?eueo?noue caiea?eeieo iaoei.

Iniiae oai??? i?aeaiaeii? ?ic?iaee a?oio?a noi?iiaaii ia aac?
aeinyaiaiue oe?a?inueei? ? ?in?enueei? oe?e ?.A.Iaaei??ciaei,
A.?.Aaeiai?aei, N.I.Iai?iaei?eiaei, A.E.Aaeaae?inueeei, A.A.Eiaaiiaei,
A.A.Ii?na?iei, I.?.Nii?iae?iiaei. Iniaeeaino? aca?iiae?? ?iai/eo i?aai?a
? ?oo??a i?ae aiaeith aeine?aeaeoaaee Ae.Ae.Oo?aoiaa?a, I.O.Oeiaeea?eia,
I.I.Ea?ioe?i, A.I.Oaoaeia, A.?.Eiioueieia, I.Ae.Eo?ea?a, I.A.Aioe,
A.I.Eoeyoia. A?aeii? i?aoe? caei?aeiiieo aeine?aeiee?a Oe.Oa?a,
E.Eiaeceie, A.??/a?aea, AE.O.??nnaea, ?.I.Eiiaa, E.Oaoaio?e, E.En?aecoe?
c ?ic?iaee ? noai?aiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei.

Oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? a EIOAA, A?IN,
OeIAe??A, IAAe?, I?A?, eaai?aoi??? a?ae?iiaoai?caoe?? EI? oa ?i.
iieacaee, ui ?c onueiai eiiieaeno oa?aeoa?enoee o?eueee a?aeiinii
iaaaeeea ?o e?euee?noue (a ia?oo /a?ao ii?? cnoao, c/aieaiiy, eoo
aioo??oiueiai oa?oy, aonoeia, aeeiai?/ia ayce?noue) aaciina?aaeiuei
aa?ooue o/anoue o oi?ioaaii? ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue i?aeaiaeieo iaoei.

Aeey neeaaeaiiy i?iaeoo i?aeaiaeieo aeaeiaoaieo ? aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?o
iaiao?aei? oaeiae ia?aiao?e iano/i? caeaoiino? a?oioo, ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
ciie iai?io?aeiino?, aaoeiao?e/i? aeai?, ye? iieacothoue ci?ithaaiiy
?aeue?oo aeia, aenioo noiaia aiaee iaae a?oioii ? a?aeia?aaeathoue
iniiai? aenieoaoaoe?ei? iniaeeaino? ii?nueeiai aeia a ?aeii?, ui
?ic?iaey?oueny (a?ocuee? i?noey, caaaciaai? ae?eyiee, aeoiaee ei??iieo
ii??ae).

I?iaiici? caeaaeiino? iii?o i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a iaea?aeoaaee a iniiaiiio
ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaethaaiiy na?aaeiaeua a aa?ieaia?ao, oiaoi i?e
iaaaioaaeaii? a?oioo a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii (ia?aaaaeii aei 3 IIa), a
oie /an ye i?e i?aeeii? c aeeaeie iaoo?i? c?acee caciathoue cai?ioi?e
aieea i?e eiai ciaioaii?. ??cieoey a oeoia/aii? aca?iiae?? ??aeo/eo
i?aai?a c a?oioiaei na?aaeiaeuai i?ae oiauath aiaee i?ecaaea aei
iaea?aeaiiy nooo?ai ??cieo ?ic?aooieiaeo caeaaeiinoae.

Cae/aeii, iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei iaee?aua
ooeaoe a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??. I?ioa, a?aeii? oaoi?/i? o?oaeiiu? iiee ui
ia aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe iiaiiianooaai? aenia?eiaioe ia aaeee?e
aeeaei?, oi/a ? ? ie?ai? ni?iae aei??thaaiiy neeiaeo ia?aiao??a ca
aeiiiiiaith ie?aieo c?ace?a aeeaieiaiaeii? aeine?aeii? ? aeaeiaoaii?
oaoi?ee ia aeeaeiao aei 6000 i.

Oiio i?aaenoaaey?oueny iiaeeeaei a iaeneiaeueiiio nooiai? iaaeeceoeny
aei ?aaeueieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiia ia ii?nueeiio aei? oeyoii noai?aiiy
oaeeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a, ye? aoee
a aaeaeaaoieie ye i?ae aiaeith, oae ? ia nooiaeie?. A?aenooi?noue
iaae?eieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a, i?eaeaoieo aeey aecia/aiiy
aeanoeainoae i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai? ? iii?o ?o
?oeioaaiith caiea?eeieie iaoeiaie, ia aeicaiey? a iiai?e i???
caaacia/eoe a?aeiia?aei?noue ia?aiao??a iaoei, ui caeeaaeathoueny a
i?iaeoe, oa?aeoa?enoeeai ?aaeueiiai a?oioiaiai oiio.

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe oa iia? iaoiaee ioe?iee oa?aeoa?enoee
i?aeaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a aacothoueny ia /eneaiiiio
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaoa??ae?, iaea?aeaiiio a eaai?aoi?ieo ? iaoo?ieo
aei?iaoaaiiyo oeiiaeo aeiiieo a?oio?a ca aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy oa noai?aieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a.

Iaoeiaa ?aeay ?iaioe caeeth/a?oueny a oiio, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiiieo
ianea?a aecia/athoue o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, a ?iai/? iaaaioaaeaiiy
i?aeaiaeieo iaoei ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo aeanoeainoae, e?eoa??aeueieo
caeaaeiinoae iii?o a?oioo, aeaieo oioi- ? aaiaeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy
aeia. I?eioeeiiai ?aeath ?aae?ciaaii oeyoii noai?aiiy i?eno?i?a ?aciaiai
oa aacia?a?aiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioo, ui aaeaeaaoii canoiniaothoueny
ye a aoiinoa?ieo, oae ? i?aeaiaeieo oiiaao ? caaacia/othoue aeinoaoith
aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeoaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Iniiaieie iai?yieaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?: aecia/aiiy i/?eoaaieo
iaaaioaaeaiue caiea?eeieo iaoei ? oa?aeoa?enoee i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a;
noai?aiiy oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey aea/aiiy aeia aeaaoi??e ? iniaeeainoae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei; ?ic?iaea niaoe?aeueieo iaoei ?
aeaeiaoaieo eiiieaen?a.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei aeiaaa? ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaea/:

iaa?oiooaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio ? ?iai/eo
iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei;

?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a caiea?eeiith
iaoeiith ? ?o a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy;

noai?aiiy onoaiiaie, i?eno?i?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy c iaoith aea/aiiy
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio aeey caiea?eeieo iaoei;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeee, aeai?eoi?a, i?ia?ai iaoo?ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aiao??a aca?iiae?? aeaiaio?a iaoei c ?iai/ei
na?aaeiaeuai;

aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae aeiiieo a?oio?a oaea?iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ?
ioe?iea ?o noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeaie;

anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae iii?o aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a;

?ic?iaea niaoe?aeueieo i?aeaiaeieo iaoei ? aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
aca?iiae?? ?o iaoai?ci?a c ioeenoeie a?oioaie;

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a eiioaeoiiai ? aeenoaioe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo
i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei;

eiiieaenia ioe?iea aeiiieo ianea?a ? i/?eoaaieo iaaaioaaeaiue
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei;

ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai.

Oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaeaie, iaoe ? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee
?ic?iaeoe no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

2. Iniiae oai??? a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy a?oio?a. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeae?
aca?iiae?? c a?oioii oeee?iae?e/iiai ? noa?e/iiai ?iaeaioi??a, ye?
iieeaaeaii a iniiao oai??? a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy a?oio?a.
Anoaiiaeaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? i?ae i?oei?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
a?oioo ? aeeiai?eith aaeueioaaiiy a iueiio a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaea. Oea
aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe aeanoeaino? i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo o
i?e?iaeiiio noai?, aac i?aeeiio c?ace?a c aeeaeie. A?aeiaaea?
iaiao?aei?noue a iiia?aaeiueiio aeine?aeaeaii? a?oio?a-aiaeia?a ?
ii??aiyii? oaea?ieo ?iioeuen?a aeaoi?iaoi?a, iiaeaethaaii? na?aaeiaeua ?
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo, aeei?enoaii? ?ai?oa anoaiiaeaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo
eiao?oe??io?a.

A?iioace ? i?eiouaiiy, i?eeiyo? a iiaeaeyo: a?oio i?aaenoaaey? niaith
ayceiieanoe/ia iaeii??aeia na?aaeiaeua (iiaeaeue A?iaaia-Oaaaeiaa); ?oo
?iaeaioi?a a a?oio? a ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? aaaaea?oueny a?aeiinii
iia?eueiei (ii??aiyii c? oaeaee?noth ?iciianthaeaeaiiy i?oaeieo oaeeue)
? eaac?noaoe?iia?iei; aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeyoueny a oiiaao ianoeneeaiai
na?aaeiaeua.

??aiyiiy ?ooo ayceiai ianoeneeaiai na?aaeiaeua

(1)

aea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 aaeoi? oaeaeeino? aeaiaioa
na?aaeiaeua, i/n; ; P – oene, Ia;
u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy ciai?oi?o ia?iieo nee, I/ea; aonoeia
na?aaeiaeua, ea/i3; aeeiai?/iee eiao?oe??io ayceino?, Ia;
picscalex1000100090000038e0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00180031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff40030000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e00009b040000002d01000009000000320a60013a000400000064697656
0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02
000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ??aiyii?
ia?ic?eaiino?.

I?e ciiaeoaaii? a?oioo oeee?iae?e/iei ?iaeaioi?ii (o?oa/anoei
i?iaia?aea??ieeii aai aeiaaei oeee?iae?e/iei ciiaeii, nii?yaeaeaiei
aeao/eeaie i?enei?aiiy ? coneeey iaoyao i?aea?nee) aei??ythoue
i?enei?aiiy w(t) i?ae /an oaea?o ? ciaoiaeyoue aeeaeio eiai caio?aiiy
h1; i?e i?aeeii? cai??ythoue coneeey iaoyao i?aea?nee Fi ? i?enei?aiiy
?iaeaioi?a w(t) aei iiiaioo aeoiaeo eiai c a?oioo (?en.1). Aaaaea?oueny,
ui ciiae caio?th?oueny a a?oio aa?oeeaeueii, a eiai aeiaaeeia a
aeae?eueea ?ac ia?aaeuo? ae?aiao?.

Aeoiaey/e ?c (1), ?oo oeee?iae?a i?ae /an i?aeeiio ?c a?oioo (i?e oiia?
iaeiii??iino? oaeaeeino? v ? noaoe?iia?iino? eiai ia?ai?uaiiy)
aecia/a?oueny nenoaiith

(2)

Oene P caeaaeeoue o?eueee a?ae eii?aeeiaoe z; aaee/eia ciie ieanoe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ?c ??aiyiiy.

C o?aooaaiiyi e?oaiai? neiao??? ? e?aeiaeo oiia;
aeey oeee?iae?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a ni?aaaaeeeai

(3)

aea r0 ?aae?on oeee?iae?e/ii? /anoeie ciiaea; r1 a?aenoaiue aei iaae?
ciie oaeo/ino?.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?aieia?/iei ??aiyiiyi ayceiieanoe/iiai o?ea
iai?oaeaiiy, aea 0 a?aie/ia iai?oaeaiiy cnoao a?oioo. Cia/eoue ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae aaee/eie h. Oiae? ?c (3) aeiee-

?en.1. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia (a) ? oeiiaee a?ao?e i?enei?aiiy
oeee?iae?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a (a) ia aoaiao: I iioneaiiy o aiae?; II
aaeueioaaiiy ciiaea; III /an niieith; IV i?aeeii o a?oio?; V i?aeeii
o aiae?; VI caaenaiiy ciiaea o aa?oiueiio noai?.

aa?, ui, aea e?eoa??e iiae?aiino?. Neaae?
aiaeiiane/ai? a?oioe iathoue iaeee eoo aioo??oiueiai oa?oy ( = 3…5),
oiio ?o c/aieaiiy cae/aeii i?eeiathoue ??aiei a?aie/iiio iai?oaeaiith
cnoao.

Oiiaa a?aie/iiai noaio a?oioo i?e i?aeeii? oeee?iae?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a

(4)

aea a ? aonoeia aiaee ? a?oioo; VABC ? VAEC ia?ie /anoei ciiaeo, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny o aiae? ? a?oio?; g i?enei?aiiy a?eueiiai iaae?iiy; G
aaaa ciiaea; SACDF ieiua iiaa?oi? oeee?iae?e/ii? /anoeie, caaeeaeaii? a
a?oio. I?e aeinoaoiuei aaeeeiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeiaaeeie ? ae?aiao?a
?iaeaioi?a ?aaeoe??th iaeiia/ieea iiaeia ciaoooaaoe.

C/aieaiiy a?oioo ?ic?aoiaothoue ca aaee/eiith iaeneiaeueiiai iaoyao
i?aea?nee:

(5)

aea Si ieiua SACDF a i-iio aei??o; ; n – e?euee?noue
caio?aiue ?iaeaioi?a a a?oio.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeeiai?/ii? no?oeoo?ii? ayceino? a?oioo i?aao /anoeio
??aiyiiy (4) i?aaenoaaeythoue a oi?i?, aea; m iana ciiaea; h1 aeeaeia
caio?aiiy ciiaea (ciaeaeaia ia II aoai?); hi aeiaaeeia iaeiia/ieea;
?aaeoe?y c oi?oey ciiaea.

Ii a?ao?eo i?e i?aeeii? ?iaeaioi?a ?ic?aoiaothoue oaeaee?noue
? ia?ai?uaiiy ciiaea, aea t2 ii/aoie i?aeeiio; t4 iiiaio a?ae?eao
ciiaea a?ae a?oioo. Aaee/eio i aeey eiaeiiai aei??thaaiiy i aecia/athoue
?c oiiae h(ti) > hi , aaaaeath/e, ui :

(6)

Oae ye, oi ?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy ayceino? aeey eiaeiiai aei??thaaiiy
(7), aea cia/aiiy w(ti), h(ti), i, vi = v(ti)
a?aeiia?aeathoue oi/eai, ui aaciina?aaeiuei ?aeooue ca i?eaie
i?enei?aiue (a iiiaio t3) i?e i?aeeii? ciiaea ?c a?oioo.

Aeeiai?/ia no?oeoo?ia ayce?noue a?oioo a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio oa??
noaiiaeoue

(8)

I?e aca?iiae?? noa?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a c a?oioii oa?aeoa?enoeee
na?aaeiaeua iaea?aeothoue ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaeiiai oaea?o. A?aei?ii?noue
oe??? iiaeae? a?ae a?aeiiiai ??oaiiy Noiena i?i caio?aiiy noaeaai? eoe?
c? noaeith oaeaee?noth a ?aeaaeueii ayceo ??aeeio iieyaa? a oiio, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny a?oioiaa na?aaeiaeua, yea ia? ia o?eueee ayce?noue, aea
? c/aieaiiy, a oaeaee?noue ?iaeaioi?a ia?ai?iia.

Ciiae neeaeathoue a a?oio i?ae ae??th aeanii? aaae, ?a?no?oth/e a?ae?iia
i?enei?aiiy i?e eiai caio?aii? aei iiaii? coieiee. Ca oi?iith oaea?iiai
?iioeueno ? ianiai-aaaa?eoieie ia?aiao?aie noa?e/iiai ciiaea
aecia/athoue aeeiai?/io no?oeoo?io ayce?noue, c/aieaiiy, aeeiai?/io
i?oei?noue ? aeeneiaoe?th a?oioo. Aei??thaaiee aenaea?iiao?ii neaiae
w(t) ?ioaa?othoue iaeiei ?c a?aeiieo niinia?a. I?e/iio, aeey aecia/aiiy
ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? ciiaea v0 a iiiaio oaea?o ii a?oioo t0 i?ae?aooiie
/ano aaaeooue a cai?ioiiio iai?yieo, oiaoi ii/eiath/e c iiiaioo iiaii?
coieiee ciiaea T, eiee eiai i?enei?aiiy wT = 0 ? oaeaee?noue vT = 0.
Aeey aecia/aiiy ia?ai?uaiiy ciiaea x(t) a?ao?e oaeaeeino? v(t)
?ioaa?othoue a i?yiiio iai?yieo.

??aiyiiy ?ooo noa?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a i?e iaiao?aoe?? a?oioo ia aeeaeio,
ui ia ia?aaeuo? ae?aiao?a eoe?, :

(9)

aea P ? m aaaa ? iana ciiaea; neeaaeiaa iii?o ayceiio oa?oth a?oioo,
i?iii?oe?eia oaeaeeino? ciiaea v; neeaaeiaa iii?o, ui ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae oaeaeeino?, i?iii?oe?eia c/aieaiith 0 ? ae?? aeeoa?aioe?eii ia
ieiu? aeioeeaiiy ciiaea c a?oioii; aeeiai?/ia ayce?noue a?oioo; r
?aae?on ciiaea.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e e?eoa??e i?i?ioio eaaae?aoe/iiai ooieoe?iiaeo
i?ney iaaieo ia?aoai?aiue iaea?aeaii oi?ioee aeey
aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae a?oioo

(10)

aea .

Aaee/eiai ayceino? ? c/aieaiiy a?oioo a?aeiia?aeathoue e?ioeaa?
?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy ? 0 nenoaie (10).

A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, eiee noa?e/iee ciiae caio?th?oueny a ianea ia
aoaeue-yeo aeeaeio, a oiio /ene? a?eueoo ca ae?aiao? eoe?, ??aiyiiy ?ooo
i?eeia? aeaeyae

(11)

aea min(x, 2r) icia/a?, ui a ?ic?aooieao aa?aoueny i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy
?c aeaio aaee/ei x aai 2r. Ia eiaeiiio e?ieo eaaiooaaiiy ?ic?aoiaothoue
ooieoe??

(12)

? aaee/eie .

?ioaa?aeuei? cia/aiiy aeanoeainoae a?oioo aecia/athoue a i?eiouaii?
?cio?iiiino? na?aaeiaeua ia an?e aeeaei? caio?aiiy ciiaea

(13)

Aeeiai?/io i?oei?noue a?oioo ioe?iththoue ca aeioe/iei iai?oaeaiiyi i?ae
noa?e/iei ooaiiii

(14)

Aeeneiaoe?y a?oioo oa?aeoa?eco? e?euee?noue aia?a??, ui aeo?a/a?oueny ia
eiai aeaoi?iaoe?th. Caeaaei?noue ii?iaeueiiai iai?oaeaiiy ae a?ae
aaee/eie aeaoi?iaoe?? x aecia/athoue oeyoii aeeeth/aiiy ia?aiao??a /ano
t c a?ao?e?a ae(t) ? x(t), ui iaea?aeothoue i?e oaea?? ciiaea. Aaee/eia
aeeneiaoe?? a?oioo i?iii?oe?eia ieiu?, iaiaaeai?e e?eaith ?
a?nnth aeaoi?iaoe?? .

3. Iniiae oai??? ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a. Oai??y ?iai/iai
i?ioeano aaco?oueny ia a?aeiieo caeiiii??iinoyo aeeiai?ee nooe?eueiiai
na?aaeiaeua, iaoiaeao iiae?aiino? ? iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee. Niaoeeo?ea
?ic?iaee aeiiieo inaaee?a iieyaa? a iayaiino? aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua,
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo, i?aeaeuaiiai iii?o a?oioo ayceiio oa?oth ia
?iai/iio ?ino?oiaio? ? iaoai?ciao iaoeie, iaeeo cia/aiiyo c/aieaiiy ?
iano/i? caeaoiino? a?oioo. Aeo?aeieie aeaieie iiaeae? ??caiiy
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ? aeaoi?iaoe?eii-i?oei?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?oio?a,
iaea?aeai? o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, ? ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai i?ioeano iaoei.

Iniiai? a?iioace ? i?eiouaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae?: a?oio i?aaenoaaey?
niaith iaeii??aeia ayceiieanoe/ia ianoeneeaa na?aaeiaeua (iiaeaeue
A?iaaia-Oaaaeiaa); ?icaeyaea?oueny iinooiaeueiee ?oo oe?ieiai ieineiai
iiaea i?yiieooii? oi?ie; i?ioean ??caiiy noaoe?iia?iee, oaeaee?noue
ia?ai?uaiiy iiaea noaea; iicaeiaaei?e ?ici?? ciie aeaoi?iaoe?? a?oioo
acaeiaae iiaea ia ci?ith?oueny; ae??oo?oueny ieinea caaea/a.

Aeeiai?ea nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua a iai?oaeaiiyo iieno?oueny caaaeueiei
??aiyiiyi . Aei iueiai i?e?aeio?oueny ??aiyiiy
ia?ic?eaiino? , yea i?e ia?aoai?th?oueny a
. Aeey noaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio ??caiiy ?ia?oe?aeueia neea
. Ia?iieie neeaie ? neee oyae?iiy . Iiaa?oiaa? neee
iathoue aeaeyae . ?aieia?/ia ??aiyiiy ayceiieanoe/iiai
na?aaeiaeua . A oeeo oi?ioeao aonoeia na?aaeiaeua,
ea/i3; u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy ia?iieo nee, I/ea;
u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo nee (oaici? iai?oaeaiue), I/i2; V
aaeoi? oaeaeeino? aeaiaioa na?aaeiaeua, i/n; iaaea-iia?aoi?;
iioaioe?ae nee oyae?iiy, i2/n2; aeeiai?/ia no?oeoo?ia ayce?noue
a?oioo, Ia.n; P oene, Ia; aeioe/ia iai?oaeaiiy a a?oio?, Ia; 0
a?aie/ia iai?oaeaiiy cnoao (c/aieaiiy) a?oioo, Ia; v i?iaeoe?y aaeoi?a
oaeaeeino? ia iioi/io eii?aeeiaoo y.

Oaeei /eiii, ??aiyiiy aeeiai?ee ayceiieanoe/iiai a?oioiaiai na?aaeiaeua

(15)

A?aie/i? oiiae i?ioeano ??caiiy: oaeaee?noue ia?ai?uaiiy a?oioo ia
iiaa?oi? iiaea: (oiiaa i?eeeiaiiy); aeioe/ia iai?oaeaiiy ia
iaae? cii oaeo/ino? I ? oaa?aeeo ae?eyiie II aei??aith? a?aie/iiio:
(?en.2). ?c oeeo oiia ? ?aieia?/iiai ??aiyiiy aeieeaa?
.

A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? ??caiiy i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ? i?eiouaiiy i?i
noae?noue iioieo a?oioo, ui ?ooa?oueny acaeiaae iiaea, iaea?aeaii ii??
?oeioaaiith o aeaeyae?

(16)

aea b, l oe?eia ? aeiaaeeia iiaea; eoo ??caiiy; , a aonoeia a?oioo
? aiaee; e?eoa??e iiae?aiino?, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?
oaciaee noai a?oioo a no?oaeoe? ? /enaeueii aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith
oiauei (ia?i?a) cii oaeo/ino? ? oaa?aeeo ae?eyiie, ; i?e
oe? ciie i?eaeecii iaeiaeia?; e?eoa??e iiae?aiino? iiaeae?
? ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aeanoeainoae a?oioo (c/aieaiiy 0 ,
ayceino? ) ? e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano (oaeaeeino? v0 , aeeaeie
??caiiy h); g i?enei?aiiy a?eueiiai iaae?iiy.

Neeaaeiaeie iii?o i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ? neea oeneo ia iiaa?oi? iiaea
? neea oa?oy ia eiai eiaia?e /anoei?
, aea a?ae?inoaoe/iee oene noiaia aiaee.
I?ae?aooaaaoe neeo, ui ae?? ia i?ae a ai?eciioaeueiiio iai?yieo
, ? aeiaeaaoe aei ia? ai?eciioaeueio neeaaeiao
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo noiaia aiaee, ui ae?? ia cai?ioio noi?iio iiaea
iaea?aeaii ae?ac aeey iii?o a?oioo,
(aeea. oi?ioeo (16)).

Eiee i?ae iiai?noth aoiaeeoue a caa?e (i?e ) ii??
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo

(17)

aai, c o?aooaaiiyi cia/aiue Q ? K,

(18)

sse aa/eii, ii?? ?oeioaaiith i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo, a aecia/a?oueny o?eueee ia?aiao?aie i?ioeano
??caiiy ? aeanoeainoyie a?oioo c/aieaiiyi, aeeiai?/iith no?oeoo?iith
ayce?noth, aonoeiith, ye? ciaoiaeyoue aaciina?aaeiuei ia i?noe?
aenieoaoaoe?? caiea?eeii? iaoeie.

Aeeaieiaiaei? a?oioe ? inaaeee cia/ii a?ae??ciythoueny ca nai?ie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ? oiiaaie ?ic?iaee a?ae nooiae?eueieo a?oio?a. I?ioean
aca?iiae?? c ieie iaoai?ci?a iaoei ia? nooo?a? iniaeeaino?.
Iiaeaethaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue iaoiiaeaii iaiaeiicia/i?noth ?iai/eo
i?ioean?a, a aeenoaioe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia caycaii c?
cia/ieie oaoi?/ieie neeaaeiinoyie ? iaoa??aeueieie cao?aoaie.

?en.2. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeiiai a?oioo

A oaeeo oiiaao ii?? a?oio?a aeioe?eueii aecia/aoe a e?eoa??aeueiiio
aeaeyae?, ui aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe caeaaeiino? ia o?eueee i?ae o?ce/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?iai/iai i?ioeano, aea ? i?ae iaaieie ia?aiao?aie,
ia?aeiaieie a aac?ici??i? e?eoa??? iiae?aiino?. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue
?iciianthaeaeoaaoe iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iaae?
aenia?eiaio?a ? ioe?ithaaoe i/?eoaaiee ii?? a?oio?a a ?aaeueieo oiiaao
aenieoaoaoe?? iaoei.

Nooue iaoiaeo caeeth/a?oueny a ianooiiiio. Aenoaa?oueny oai?aoe/ia
a?iioaca o aeaeyae? iie?iiio ?c e?eoa???a iiae?aiino?, ii?yaeie ? oi?ia
caieno yeiai a?aeiia?aea? anoaiiaeai?e ?ai?oa eia?ei-iaoaiaoe/i?e
iiaeae? i?ioeano. Ia?aiao?e ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaaeiino? i?ae e?eoa??yie
iiae?aiino? aecia/athoue aenia?eiaioaeueii ca a?aeiia?aeiei ieaiii,
neeaaeaiei c o?aooaaiiyi yeiaea?eueoiai ?iceeaeo ?o cia/aiue. A
?acoeueoao? noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aeaieo ioe?iththoue aaeaeaaoi?noue
?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae? aenia?eiaioaeueiei caeaaeiinoyi.

E?euee?noue e?eoa???a iiae?aiino?, ca?aeii c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-oai?aiith, ciaioothoue ia ?aia nenoaie
(oiaoi ia /enei aaee/ei c iniiaieie iacaeaaeieie ?ici??iinoyie).
Iai?eeeaae, ?c ia?aiao??a F, b, l, h, 0 , , , a , g, v0 , ??aiyiiy
(16) neeaaeathoue e?eoa??? (19) aea
eoo aoiaeeoue aei oiiae aaiiao?e/ii? iiae?aiino?; F aeine?aei?
cia/aiiy iii?o a?oioo; e?eoa??e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?aeoa?eco?
?iaa??aioi?noue ?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae?; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeiaaeeiith
iiaea l ? aeeaeiith ??caiiy h aecia/a?oueny caeaaei?noth
, aea h1 ia?aaeuaiiy aa?oiuei? e?iiee iiaea iaae iiaa?oiath
iaaeaoi?iiaaiiai a?oioo. ?ia?oe?y ? oyae?iiy aiinyoue iacia/iee aeeaae a
i?ioean ??caiiy, oiio cia/aiiy , a ? g ia a?aoiao?ii. *an t aeey
noaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio oaeiae aeeeth/a?oueny.

?c cacia/aieo e?eoa???a neeaaeathoue eiiieaen, a yeiio , K ? ?
a?aoiaioaie, a e?eoa??e , ui aeeth/a? aaee/eio F, ooieoe??th:
. E?eoa??aeueio caeaaei?noue iii?o i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo
cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aoe o aeaeyae? (20), aea
ia?aiao?e ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??. Aeey oeueiai i?iaiaeyoue aenia?eiaio, a
yeiio e?euee?noue aeine?ae?a n ?icaeaathoue ia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 a?oi, aea r = 2 –
/enei ia?aiao??a ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??. A eiaeiiio aeine?ae? aecia/athoue
e?eoa??? Ki , Qi,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 ? ?o noie
Ioe?iee ? ?ic?aoiaothoue .

(21)

I??ith ?ica?aeiino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c
?ic?aooieiaith caeaaei?noth . Aeenia?n?y aaee/ei
: .
(22)

Ia?aiao?e an?o aeine?ae?a iii?uathoue a oaaeeoeth j, yeo ?aiaee?othoue
ca c?inoath/eie cia/aiiyie e?eoa???a Kj ? ciaoiaeyoue ie?ai? na?aaei?
cia/aiiy a a?oiao , aea iiia? a?oie; j
iiia? aeine?-aea a eiaei?e a?oi?; m /enei aei??thaaiue a a?oiao.
Aeae?ath/e iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue cia/eiino? q ? i?ae?aoiaoth/e
a?aeiia?aei? /enea nooiai?a naiaiaee /enaeueieea ?
ciaiaiieea, aecia/athoue e?eoa??e O?oa?a

(23)

Aaeaeaaoi?noue ioeueiai? a?iioace ia?aa??ythoue ca oiiaith
, aea e?eoe/i? cia/aiiy ? iaoiaeyoue o
oaaeeoeyo ?iciiae?eaiiy O?oa?a-Niaaeaei?a.

4. Noai?aiiy iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeia
aeaaoi??e. O?oaeiiu? ?nieo?a a?oio?a ia iaeneiaeueieo aeeaeiao coiiaeee
noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a, eiiieaenia ?o aeei?enoaiiy
? aaeaioaoe?th aei ?nioth/eo oaoiieia?e aeeaieiaiaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Aeey aecia/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?oio?a aaoi?ii noai?aii
?yae i?eno?i?a, onoaiiaie ? i?eeaae?a, ye? canoiniaothoueny ia aeeaei?
aei 6500 i, a oaeiae a noaeiiaeo ? aa?aaiaeo eaai?aoi??yo.

Oea a?n?i iiaeeo?eaoe?e a?aa?oaoe?eieo ciiae?a (oeee?iae?e/ii? ?
noa?e/ii? oi?ie, oaiciiao?e/ieo ? nii?yaeaeaieo i?ciaenaea?iiao?aie, c
aiaeiaiaith ? oeeo?iaith ?a?no?aoe??th neaiae?a) aeey aei??thaaiiy
c/aieaiiy, ayceino?, iano/i? caeaoiino?, aeeneiaoe?? a?oioo o
i?e?iaeiiio noai?; i?eeaaee ?a?no?aoe?? ? ia?iaee ?iioeuen?a ciiae?a;
aeeaieiaiaei? i?iaia?aea??ieee o?oa/anoiai ? a?aeoa?iiai oei?a aeey
aeeo/aiiy c?ace?a aeiiiiai a?oioo; aeaa aeaee noaeiiaeo aaioaoi?/ieo
iiaeoe?a aeey aecia/aiiy iii?o ?oeioaaiith, iaa?oaeueiiio c??co,
c/aieaiiy, eooa aioo??oiueiai oa?oy, eeieino?, aea/aiiy e?oieia?? oa
?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiiieo a?oio?a; eiiiainaoe?eia i?aea?nea iiaeaeae
?iai/eo i?aai?a, yea aeeeth/a? iioeaee aei??thaaiue i?e ea/oe? noaeia
aei 5 6 aae?a; aaoiiaoeciaaiee eiiieaen aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo
i?ioean?a caiea?eeieo, aoae?aaeueieo ? aei?iaei?o iaoei; aaoiiiii? ?
noaoe?iia?i? i?eno?i? ? i?eeaaee aeey cai?o, caa??aaiiy, ia?aaea/? ?
ia?iaee oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a iaoei.

sse i?aeaiaei? iin?? aia?aoo?e aeei?enoaii aeeaieiaiaei? aoene?oaai?
oioi- ? oaeaa?c?ei? onoaiiaee ? aaiaeonoe/i? eiiieaene aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia, oioii?iaia?aea??ieee oa ?io? caaeeai?
i?eno?i?. Ca aeiiiiiaith aeacaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy i?iaaaeaii ?nieoe: ia
iaoo?ieo i?aeaiaeieo a?oioao i?ae /an iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo ?aen?a; a
noaeiiaeo eaai?aoi??yo ia c?aceao a?oioo, aeeo/aiiai c aeeaeie; a
noaoe?iia?ieo aa?aaiaeo eaai?aoi??yo, aeey /iai aeei?enoaii
caia?ao?iiaai? iiiie?oe oiiaii iac?oeiiaaiiai aeiiiiai a?oioo.

?ic?iaeaii iia? iaoiaee, i?eno?i?, caniae aei??thaaiiy, ye?
aeicaieythoue a aacia?a?aiiio ?aaeei? i?iaiaeeoe iiooe ? ?ica?aeeo
?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei, ioe?ithaaoe i?oei?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? ii??
?oeioaaiith iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, a oaeiae
iaea?aeoaaoe i?io?e? oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee ca caaeaiei ia?o?ooii. Oea
ieai??oth/a onoaiiaea, yea i?ecia/aia aeey ia?o?ooiiai aei?iaoaaiiy
aeiiieo a?oio?a c caaeaiith aeene?aoi?noth ca /anii ? a?aenoaiith,
aeeaieiaiaei? oaiciiao?e/i? ciiaee, aaoiiiiiee i?eno??e c oeeo?iaith
?a?no?aoe??th neaiae?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee oeio
inaaee?a ca aoia?aiaie aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy, iaoiae
niaeo?iciiaeueiiai oioia?aooaaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia, oa a?aeiia?aeia
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ?ici?ciaaaiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei, ui caeyaathoue ia
aeiii?e iiaa?oi?, ? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?o ?a/iaiai neeaaeo. Aeey ioe?iee
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?oioiaiai oiio ?ic?iaeaii aoene?oaaiee
aeiiiee ?ica?aeiee ? aeeaieiaiaei? ?ne?iao?e, i?ecia/ai? aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a nenoaiao aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy i?aeaiaeieie
a?oioi?ic?iaieie iaoeiaie.

Iaoiaee ? oaoi?/i? caniae ?ic?aoiaaii ia ?iaioo c ai?oo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai noaeia, yea ?ooa?oueny c? oaeaee?noth 1 3 aocea
(0,5 1,5 i/n). Aiie aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? cieceoe
o?oaei?ie?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia ia iaeneiaeueieo aeeaeiao,
caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaio aenieoaoaoe?th iaoei i?ae aiaeith i?e
aeenoaioe?eiiio ea?oaaii?. Iiaecio ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo
cania?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a ? i?ioean?a aca?iiae?? c
ieie iaoai?ci?a a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii 15 aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie ? iaoaioaie ia aeiaoiaee.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae ? iii?o ?oeioaaiith
i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaiaeieo
a?oio?a, aei?iaoaaiiy i?eno?i?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy ?o
oa?aeoa?enoee i?iaaaeaii a noaoe?iia?ieo eaai?aoi??yo ia c?aceao aeiiieo
a?oio?a, a oiiaao ii?nueeeo iie?aii?a ? c ai?oo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
noaeai i?ae /an ?aen?a a ?aeiie iaeaooiueiai aeaeiaoaaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo
ei?enieo eiiaeei.

Eaai?aoi?i? aenia?eiaioe c oeee?iae?e/iei ? noa?e/iei ?iaeaioi?aie
i?iaaaeaii ia oaea?iiio noaiae? eii?iaiai oeio. Aeei?enoaii iaoo?iee
a?oio ??cii? eiinenoaioe?? ? aieiaino? oa a?oio, iiaeaeueiaaiee ?c
noi?o? ??/eiaiai i?neo, iieioi? aeeie ? aa?aoaiiiai ianea. Iao?ieia?/i?
?nieoe aeeiiaii ca aeiiiiiaith i?eeaae?a o??ie A?theue ? Euea? (Aeai?y).
sse noaiaea?oio aia?aoo?o canoiniaaii ?ioaoe?eiee a?neiceiao? Rheotest-2
(I?ia//eia) oa oeee?iae?e/i? /ioe?ueioeiiaoaa? e?eeue/aoee ? ieine?
ooaiie, anoaiiaeai? ia aaioaoi?/ieo iiaeoeyo. Ii??aiyeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy
ayceino? cae?eniaii ca noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith i?eno?i?i
eiion-ieanoeia ? oeee?iae?e/iei i?eno?i?i a?neiceiao?a, a c/aieaiiy ?
eooa aioo??oiueiai oa?oy – iaoiaeii iaa?oaeueiiai c??co ca AINO
21719-80.

Iaoo?i? aei?iaoaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a i?iaaaeaii ia iie?aiiao iiaeeco
i. E??iay, Ea?/, Aaeaiaeaeee, Iiai?in?enuee c iiioii?a ? iaeioiiaaeieo
noaeai. A?aei?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeeeo a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy a?oio?a ?
aecia/aii o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? ??cieo oei?a aeiiieo inaaee?a.
I?iaaaeaii a?ey 1200 aei?iaoaaiue aeia i?eeiaiaeieo iie?aii?a. Aeey
eiio?ieth oa?aeoa?enoee i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a, iaea?aeaieo o i?e?iaeiiio
noai?, aeeo/aee i?iae oiiaii iac?oeiiaaii? no?oeoo?e ? aeine?aeaeoaaee
?o a eaai?aoi??? noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeaie. Oe? ae c?acee a?oioo
aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aecia/aiiy ?o iii?o ia
aaioaoi?/ieo iiaeoeyo.

Ii?nuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia aeiiieo a?oioao Aaeo?enueeiai,
*i?iiai ii??a ? Oeoiai ieaaio. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?ic?iaeaii?
aia?aoo?e, i?eno?i?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy aoee iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaii aei
?nioth/i? oaoiieia?? ii?nueeeo ?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo ? aaio?ce/ieo
?ia?o. Oae, ?aae?ciaaii ?aeath aaoi?a i?i aeei?enoaiiy e?aee?oth/iai
aaioaaeo-?ica?aeieea i?e oioii?iaia?aeai?? ia ii?nueeiio aei? ye
aeao/eea i?oeiino? a?oioo. Oea aeicaieeei iaea?aeoaaoe a eiaeiiio i?noe?
aei?iaoaaiiy i?e aeene?aoi?e ? ia?o?ooi?e oioiceiioe? ca aeiiiiiaith
aoene?oaaieo aia?ao?a iaeii/anii aei o?ueio iieaciee?a: oioia?ao?th
ii?nueeiai aeia ia i?noe? aei?iaoaaiiy a?oioo a iac?oeiiaaiiio noai?
(aei iiiaioo aeeo/aiiy i?iae); ia?aiao?e eiai a?aa?oaoe?eiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy; c?acee aeiiiiai a?oioo (i?e aeei?enoaii? oioionoaiiaie ia
aac? o?oa/anoeo aai a?aeoa?ieo i?iaia?aea??iee?a) aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?o
aiae?co ia ai?oo noaeia aai a aa?aaiaeo eaai?aoi??yo.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee aaeaeaaoi?noue
?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy ? iii?o ?oeioaaiith
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo. Ia ?en.3 iieacai? inoeeeia?aie ciiaeoaaiiy
i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a a?aa?oaoe?eiei noa?e/iei ciiaeii, ca yeeie aecia/aii
aaee/eie ?o aeeiai?/ii? no?oeoo?ii? ayceino?, c/aieaiiy, aeeiai?/ii?
i?oeiino?, aeeneiaoe??. Iaea?aeaii noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a, iiaoaeiaaii
a?noia?aie ?o ?iciiae?eaiiy. ?ic?aooieia? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?oio?a,
aecia/ai? o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie, iaea?aeaieie
noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeaie a iaaeao 12 % ca c/aieaiiyi ? 15 % ca ayce?noth
i?e aeia??/ee a??ia?aeiino? 0,95.

Ii?? ?oeioaaiith aeine?aeaeaii ia ??cieo oeiao iaoo?ieo a?oio?a,
aeeth/ath/e aiaeiiane/aiee oaoiiaaiiee ioe, n??o /i?iiii?nueeo aeeio,
aeeaieiaiaei? ieaai?/i? inaaeee (ei?e/iaao iaeii??aeio ? caieenoo aeeie
oa ?i.), ??/eiaee aiaeiiane/aiee noaeeiie, ieanoe/io aeeio. Canoiniaaii
ieai Aiena aeey /ioe?ueio ia?ai?iieo ? o?ueio ??ai?a aa??thaaiiy A4 .
Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue e?eoa???a, yea aeey an?o i?ia
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ia? iaeiaeiaee aeaeyae: . O
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei (19) ? (20) neea iii?o a?oioo

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?en.3. Oaea?i? ?iioeuene a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeo o aa?oiueiio oa??
aeeaieiaiaeieo inaaee?a: 1, 2 – ??aeeioaeo/? inaaeee (aeoeaiee oa?); 3,
4 – i’yeiieanoe/i? ioee c aeeth/aiiyie i?ioa?e?a; 5, 6 – aeeieno?
ieanoe/i? a?oioe; 7 – iae?oiii?oiee aaiiye; 8 – aacaeueo. – /an
caio?aiiy ciiaea a a?oio; ; – /an iiaoi?ieo oaea??a

?en.4. A?aei?ii?noue oa?aeoa?enoee inaaee?a c aeeaeiith caeyaaiiy: 0 –
c/aieaiiy; Fi – ieoiia neea ??caiiy; – aonoeia; W – aieia?noue

Aeey ?iciianthaeaeaiiai aeiaaeeo, eiee ? (oiaoi i?ae
iiai?noth caio?aii a caa?e), c o?aooaaiiyi cia/aiue Q ? K iaea?aeaii

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Iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo cia/aiue nee iii?o iaoo?ieo
a?oio?a ia ia?aaeuothoue 20 %, i?e oeueiio e?eoa??? iiae?aiino?
i?eeiathoue cia/aiiy 0,01 < K < 2,4 (0,11 < Q < 2,54). Aaeaeaaoi?noue ?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ca e?eoa???i O?oa?a. Anoaiiaeaii iaeanoue canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??aeueii? iiaeae?, yea aaeaeaaoii iieno? i?ioean ??caiiy i?aeaiaeieo ayceiieanoe/ieo a?oio?a. Aeey oeueiai i?iaaaeaii aei?iaoaaiiy ia aeeaieiaiaeieo inaaeeao, ??/eiaeo ? ica?ieo ioeao, noaeeieao oiui. Canoiniaaii ieai Oa?oe? Ia6 aeey o?noueio ia?ai?iieo. Ia?aiao?e aa??thaaee ia o?ueio ??aiyo c oaeei ?ic?aooieii, uia e?eoa??? iiae?aiino? iaee iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee ?iceeae (a aeine?aeao aeinyaaee cia/aiue 0,0002 < K < 120; 0,015 < Q < 81,5). Iaea?aeaii e?eoa??aeueio caeaaei?noue , c o?aooaaiiyi yei? neea iii?o a?oioo (26) A?aeiini? iioeaee cia/aiue a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ci?ithaaiiy e?eoa???a iiae?aiino? 0,1 < K < 13 (0,3 < Q < 10), oa?aeoa?iiio aeey ??caiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a, ia ia?aaeuothoue 33 %. I?e i?ioean iaaoaa? oa?aeoa?o nooiai ??caiiy, a i?e iaeanoue aeaoi?iaoe?? a?oioo ia?aae iiaeai ana a?eueoa noa? ciiith oaeo/ino?. Aacia?a?ai?noue ?a?no?aoe?? ia?aiao??a ia aaioaoi?/ieo iiaeoeyo aeicaieyea aea/aoe e?oieia?th ?ic??co, i?aaenoaaeaiiai ea?iii, c?iaeoe eiai ?icoei ia oa?e, ui ?ic??ciythoueny ca i?oei?noth, aeae?eeoe ineaaeai? ciie, aeine?aeeoe aeaoaeoe no?oeoo?e a?oio?a ia ?icoei? oiui (?en.4). I?e ia?iaoe? /a?iaeiaeo ? o?oa/anoeo i?ia ia noaioe?yo i?iaia?aeai?o anoaiiaeaii noaoenoe/i? a??ia?aeiino? iiyaeaiiy ieaai?/ieo inaaee?a a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ?iciiae?eaiiy aieiaino?, aonoeie, c/aieaiiy, ayceino?, ieoiiiai iii?o ?oeioaaiith, ye? ? iniiaieie o oi?ioaaii? iaaaioaaeaiue ia i?aeaiaeio iaoeio. Iaeiae, caaea/a caiaeeeany ia o?eueee aei iaoiaeaeaiiy cia/aiue oeeo ia?aiao??a ia noaioe?yo, ye? iacia/aeeny cae/aeii c n?oeith 12,512,5; 66; 33 ei, aea ? aei anoaiiaeaiiy iaae ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaieo oei?a inaaee?a ca ieiuath ? aeeaeiith, aeyaeaiith iai?io?aeieo ae?eyiie aeia, aeoiae?a ei??iieo ii??ae, i?iiea?a oiaoi aecia/aiith iaeano? iiaeeeaiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo caiea?eeieo nenoai. Oe?e iao? neoaoaaee eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?c caeo/aiiyi iaoiae?a aaiaeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy ? oioii?io?ethaaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia. Aeonoe/iee i?io?eia?ao, yeee aoenoaaee ia a?aenoai? 40 60 i a?ae aeia, caaacia/oaaa ciiaeoaaiiy inaaee?a ia aeeaeio aei 120 i c oi/i?noth 1 i, ui aeaaaei iiaeeea?noue o?enoaaoe oa?aeoa? caeyaaiiy oa??a inaaee?a, ii?oieia?th aeia ? ia?ene inaaei/ieo no?oeoo?. Anoaiiaeai? ei?aeyoe?ei? caycee i?ae c/aieaiiyi, ieoiiei iii?ii ? aiie?ooaeaie a?aeaeoeo neaiae?a ia aoia?aiao aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iaoiae ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee oeio inaaee?a ca ia?aiao?aie aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy. Ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?ieieaoi?a aieiaiai iaci?o iaea?aeoaaee cia?aaeaiiy i?noeaaino? a ieai? o aeaeyae? no??/ee oe?eiith ii 250 i ia eiaeio noi?iio c oi/i?noth 1,5. Oioia?aooaaiiy, i?iaaaeaia ia oeo aea o?anao /a?ac eiaei? 15 i, aeiiiaith? ea?oeio aeiiii? iiaa?oi? ? aeiiiiaaa? ?icoeo?oaaoe ciie iaa?aeiia?aeiino? (?eoe, eaiueeiie, cnoae, i?iaaeey). Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ica?aeee oaa?aeeo ei?enieo eiiaeei niaeo?iciiaeueiei oioia?aooaaiiyi i?ae aiaeith aeey aecia/aiiy ?a/iaiai neeaaeo ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?iaeiaeua (aac i?aeeiio c?ace?a ia iiaa?oith). Aeai? aaiaeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy ? oioii?io?ethaaiiy aeia aeicaieeee nei?ioeoe /enei noaioe?e oeyoii i?ecia/aiiy i?iaia?aeai?o ia c caaeaiei e?ieii, a o?eueee a ciiao iaa?aeiia?aeiino?. Aeey aeaoaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioiaeo ianea?a ca ?ooii noaeia ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ia?o?ooiiai aei?iaoaaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia ca aeiiiiiaith ieai??oth/i? onoaiiaee, ui caaacia/o? aaoiiaoe/iee i?aeeii ? neeaeaiiy a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaea ia a?oio ?c anoaiiaeaiith /anoioith. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae aacia?a?aiiai i?io?ethaaiiy a?oioo aoene?oaaiei aeiiiei ?ica?aeieeii aeey aecia/aiiy i?io?eth ii?nueeiai aeia ca i?oei?noth a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ? ioe?iee i/?eoaaieo iaaaioaaeaiue i?aeaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei. A?i aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe ii?? ?oeioaaiith a?oioo ?iai/eie i?aaiaie, iano/o caeaoi?noue, c/aieaiiy, ayce?noue, eeie?noue a?oio?a, a oaeiae i?io?aei?noue iaoeie ia o?an?. 6. Niaoe?aeuei? a?oioi?ic?iai? iaoeie ? aca?iiae?y ?o iaoai?ci?a c na?aaeiaeuai. I?e ?ic?iaoe? ? noai?aii? aeeaieiaiaeiiai eiiieaeno aeey aeaeiaoaaiiy cae?ciia?aaioeaaeo eiie?aoe?e (?en.5) aeine?aeaeoaaee i?ioeane aca?iiae?? ?iai/eo i?aai?a ? iaoai?ci?a c ioeenoei a?oioii. Ioe?ithaaee oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?ai?uaiiy aeieua aoene?oaaiiai aa?aaaoo ia ioe?; aieea a?a?aoe?? iaoeie ia oeenio?iii? a?oioe c a?aioeueiaaieie ae?aieaiiyie; ia?aiao?e a?ae?i?icieao aeiiieo a?aeeeaaeaiue. Aeei?enoaii iae?oiaee ioe, aeinoaaeaiee ?c ?aa?iio Eea??ii-Ee?iia?oii c aeeaeie a?ey 6000 i, yeee iaa aieia?noue W = 180 285 % , aonoeio = 1,12 1,34 o/i3, c/aieaiiy 0 = 3,2 5,7 eIa, aeeiai?/io no?oeoo?io ayce?noue = 0,08 1,2 eIa.n, ieoiiee ii?? ?oeioaaiith Fi = 2,1 3,7 eIa, iano/o caeaoi?noue a oa?? 0,1 i: = 6,4 7,2 eIa. Oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?ai?uaiiy aeieua ia ioeenoiio a?oio? aecia/aii ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeae? (1 : 50) aoene?oaaiiai aa?aaaoo cai?o cae?ciia?aaioeaaeo eiie?aoe?e. Ii?? ia?ai?uaiith F aecia/aii a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae a?oioo, aaee/eie oeneo aeieua P ? oa?aeoa?o iaaaioaaeaiiy iii?ii? /anoeie N (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aaeoe?e a iinia?e R1 ? ei?iia?e R2 /anoeiao), ye? aeieeathoue a i?ioean? aeaeiaoaaiiy. Niinoa??aaeeny o?e oa?aeoa?i? i?ioeane: eiacaiiy aeieua ia iiaa?oi? ?en.5. Noaia aeeaieiaiaeiiai aeaeiaoaiiai eiiieaeno: a caaaeueiee aeaeyae; a aoene?oaaiee aa?aaao cai?o CIE; a iaeao aeieua. 1 ?iai/ee iiaeoeue; 2 no??ea; 3 iiaeoeue iaa?aaoe?eiee; 4 iiaeoeue iaeiie/oaaeueii-aeicoth/ee; 5 aaae?eueia nenoaia; 6 iiaeoeue aia?aaoe/iee; 7 noaa o?oaiee; 8 noaeii caaacia/aiiy; 9 ?ioi?ii-eiaoaaee ?iai/ee i?aai; D1 - D3 oaiciiao?e/i? aei??thaaeuei? iinoe a?oioo; eiacaiiy ?c ci?iaiiyi oa?o a?oioo; caoyaoaaiiy iii?ii? /anoeie a a?oio (aaa??eiee ?aaeei). Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aeeaieiaiaeieo aeiiieo ioeao eiao?oe??ioe iii?o ia?ai?uaiith (K = 0,89 1,9) ia?aaeuothoue a?aeii? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a oa?oy a?oioo ii noae?, a oiio /ene? i?e iayaiino? aiaeiiai ciauaiiy (?en.6). A iii?? ia?ai?uaiith aeieua iaoeie i?enooi? aeiaeaoeia? neee, ii??aiai? c iii?ii oa?oth, ye? coiiaeai? i?ioeanaie ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? ?oeioaaiiy i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo, oeenio?iiieie i?iyaeaiiyie inaaee?a oa ?i. Iaa?aooaaiiy oeeo oaeoi??a i?ecaiaeeoue aei caieaeaiiy ioe?iie oyaiaeo coneeue a nenoai? aoene?oaaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei, ui iiaea aeyaeoeny iaei??th c i?e/ei ao?aoe ?o ia aei?. ?en.6. Caeaaeiino? neee iii?o ia?ai?uaiith iiaeae? iaoeie F a?ae aaee/eie iaaaioaaeaiiy N i?e: a eiacaii? (P < 2 eIa); a eiacaii? c? ciyooyi oa?o a?oioo (2 < P < 3 eIa). 1 ??aiii??ia iaaaioaaeaiiy aeieua ( ); 2 ia??aiii??ia iaaaioaaeaiiy ( ); 3 ia?aaaioaaeaiiy ei?ie ( ) ?en.7. Caeaaeiino?: a c/aieaiiy aeiiiiai a?oioo 0 a?ae /anoioe a?a?iaieeao f ; a a?aeiinii? inaaeee eiie?aoe?e K0 a?ae ?o aeeaiao?o d ?en.8. Caeaaei?noue iiooaeiino? i?eaiaeo onoaiiaee N a?ae u?eueiino? caeyaaiiy eiie?aoe?e Q i?e a?ae?i?iciea? (a) ? iaoai?/i?e ?ic?iaoe? (a): 1 c/aieaiiy a?oioo 0 = 15,2 eIa; 2 0 = 22,7 eIa; 3 0 = 60,7 eIa. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oeenio?ii?? aeiiieo inaaee?a noai?aii a?a?aoe?eio onoaiiaeo, iniauaio i??iith ?ii?noth ? i?eeaaeii iaa?oaeueiiai c??co. Aeei?enoaii iaoo?i? cae?ciia?aaioeaa? eiie?aoe?? (CIE) aonoeiith = 1,22 1,39 o/i3 a nooiio noai?, ae?aiao?ii d = 3 5 ni, aieia?noth W = 28 35 % ? oaa?ae?noth ca oeaeith Iiina T = 2,5 3,0. I?e aeeiai?/iiio aieea? iaoeie i?oei?noue aeeaieiaiaeieo inaaee?a ciaioo?oueny a 2,5 3,0 ?ace o ii??aiyii? aei naiai ia?aeiiiai cia/aiiy (?en.7). Iaea?eueoa inaaeea oaa?aeeo ae?aieaiue niinoa??aaeany i?e eieeaaiiyo ?iai/iai i?aaio c /anoioith 20 Aoe ? aeinyaaea 40 – 70 % a?aeiinii naiai ae?aiao?a. A?aeiiaeaiiy aeanoeainoae inaaee?a a?aeaoaaeiny /a?ac 3 4 aeiae, i?e/iio ?o i?oei?noue i?aeaeuoaaeany ia 15 20 % aac ci?ithaaiiy aieiaino?, ui coiiaeaii oi?ioaaiiyi a?eueo aii?yaeeiaaii? eiaaoeyoe?eii? no?oeoo?e. Ci?ithaaiiy eooa noeeo iiaa?oi? inaaee?a a?ae 0 aei 10 ia oeenio?iii? aeanoeaino? ? in?aeaiiy eiie?aoe?e nooo?ai ia aieeaa?. Iaea?aeai? aeai? aeicaieeee iiai?oa a?aooaaoe niaoeeo?eo ?ic?iaee inaaei/ieo a?oio?a ? aeei?enoaii a IAeI?ieaaiiao? i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeeaieiaiaeii? onoaiiaee aeey aeaeiaoaaiiy cae?ciia?aaioeaaeo eiie?aoe?e. Ia?aiao?e a?ae?i?icieao aeiiieo inaaee?a c oaa?aeeie ae?aieaiiyie aeine?aeaeaii a aeaaoi??? ?ecueei? caoiee; a aenia?eiaioao aeei?enoaii aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiee naiinieeaath/ee ciiae eiino?oeoe?? A?IN, a?aa?oaoe?eiee ei?ia/aoee i?iaia?aea??iee ? ii?oaoeaiee i?eeaae ??caiiy E?A?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?i?iaeueia aoaeoeaia oaeaee?noue no?oiaiy ?icieao = 0,8 i/n, i?e oeueiio aeinyaaee i?aeoe/ii 100 %-iiai i?aeai?o eiie?aoe?e. O c??aiyeueieo aei?iaoaaiiyo niinia?a ?ic?iaee eiie?aoe??iinieo a?aeeeaaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui a?ae?aae?/i? aa?aaaoe iiaeooue oni?oii canoiniaoaaoenue ia inaaeeao ?c u?euei?noth caeyaaiiy CIE aei 0,7 ea/i2 ? i?oeiei i?aenoeeath/ei oa?ii, iaeiae aiie iathoue iecueeee eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? ? a?aeiinii aenie? aia?aiaeo?aoe (?en.8). I?e a?eueo?e eiioeaio?aoe?? a?aioeueiaaieo eiiaeei aoaeoeai?oa iaoai?/iee niin?a ?ic?iaee, yeee aeicaiey? ciaioeoe aeeiaiiy ii?iaeiueiai (aac CIE) a?oioo ? i?aeaeueoe EEAe aeaeiaoaii? nenoaie. Ii?nuee? iie?aiii? aeine?aeaeaiiy naiio?aeiiai aa?aaaoo cai?o i?iaaaeaii a ?aeii? i. Ea?/ ni?eueii c NEA OIA? (Io?iainuee) ? IAeI?ieaaiiaoai (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee). Ae?iaie/? ?nieoe iieacaee aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe ia neaaeeo aeiiieo inaaeeao ?ioi?ii-aaeioiaiai ?oo?y, eioeiaiai ?iai/iai i?aaio ? a?e?ooii? nenoaie i?aei?iaiiy ioeueie c eiie?aoe?yie. Aeina?ae noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aei?iaoaaiue aa?aaaoo aeei?enoaii a IAe? aoae?aaeueii-aei?iaeiuei? ? ?iaeaia?ii? oaoi?ee i?e ?ic?iaoe? a?e?ooii-caieaniniiai eiiieaeno aeey aeaeiaoaaiiy ioe?a ? nai?iiae?a oa ieaao/i? onoaiiaee c aoene?oaaiei ioeicae?a/ai aeey i/euaiiy aiaeieieu a?ae ?aae?iaeoeaieo caa?oaeiaiue. 7. ?aae?caoe?y iaoiae?a ioe?iee i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei. I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee iaaeaoe ?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeai eiie?aoiee aeaeyae, noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? aeiiae uiaei ioe?iee aeiiieo ianea?a ? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei. Aeey ?ic?iaee niaoe?aeueieo i?aeaiaeieo iaoei, anoaiiaeaiiy iaeano? ?o canoinoaaiiy ? aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia aei? iaiao?aeia eiiieaenia ioe?iea i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a, ui aeeth/a? aecia/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo, iii?o ?oeioaaiith ?iai/eie i?aaiaie, iano/i? caeaoiino? ianeao ? ia?aiao??a ?aeue?oo aeia. Aenieoaoaoe?eiee a?oioiaee oii aecia/a?oueny noeoii?noth oeeo aaee/ei, ye? noioanoe/ii ci?iththoueny a iaaeao ?ica?aeaii? ae?eyiee aeia. Aaoeiao?e/i? i?io?e? iieacothoue ia?ene ?aeue?oo aeia a ?aeii? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o, aenioo noiaia aiaee iaae iei ? iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy caiea?eeii? nenoaie. Oe? iaoa??aee, aeiiiaiai? aeaieie i?i ciie iai?io?aeiino? ? aaoeiao??th iiaa?oi? aeathoue iaoa??ae aeey neeaaeaiiy ea?o aenieoaoaoe?eiiai a?oioiaiai oiio. I/?eoaai? ci?ie aeanoeainoae aeiiieo inaaee?a ia aaoeiao?e/ieo i?io?eyo oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiie?aoiee noai aenieoaoaoe?eiiai oiio ia ?ic?iaethaai?e ae?eyioe? ? oiio iiaeii? aeeth/aoeny a i?iaeo i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeaiaeieo aeaeiaoaieo ? aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?o. Aoaeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?oioi?ic?iaieo nenoai iiaeeeai o?eueee i?e iayaiino? aeinoaoiueiai /enea ?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a ia ea?o? aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio. Aeai?o oaoiieia?/ii? noaie aeey ?ic?iaee ae?eyiee aeia iiaeiai ia?aaeoaaoe aiae?c oiia aenieoaoaoe?? nenoai ca noeoii?noth an?o iieaciee?a ia oeeo ?ic??cao. Oae? ea?oe ?c cacia/aiiyi iii?o a?oio?a ia aaoeiao?e/ieo i?io?eyo ? i?io?aeiino? aa?aaaoo aeicaieythoue aeae?aoe iioeiaeueiee eo?n aeeaieiaiaeii? iaoeie oa noaeia caaacia/aiiy. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo ca i?ia?aiith “?ioa?ii?aai”, ?anioae?eainueeeie i?ia?aiaie ? oaiaoeeith I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie noai?aii, aei?iaoaaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai eiiieaen oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? iaoiae?a, ye? neoaothoue ?ino?oiaioii aecia/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio ? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a, i?eno?i?a, onoaiiaie ? iaeaaeiaiiy a i?aeoeeo ii?nueeeo ?ia?o aeaei cia/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ? aeicaieeei ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaenio nenoaio ioe?iee i?aeaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a aeey ?o ?ic?iaee caiea?eeieie iaoeiaie. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii a IAeI?ieaaiaaio?ceoe?, Oeaio?aeuei?e aaieiai-aaio?ce/i?e aeniaaeeoe?? IAI I?aaeaiii?aaieia?y, ?iaeaia?iiio oeaio?? “Ooi?i”, Ananithciiio ?inoeooo? I?ia?aeueii? ne?iaeie, AIAe?ieaaiaaieia??. ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?iaeooaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy a IAeI?ieaaiiao? oa IAe? aoae?aaeueii-aei?iaeiuei? ? ?iaeaia?ii? oaoi?ee i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoe?aeueieo aeaeiaoaieo ? i/enieo iaoei. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean? EIOAA. AENIIAEE 1. Ae??oaii cia/io iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?iaeaio nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io noai?aiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei aeey aeaeiaoaieo ? i/enieo ?ia?o ia ii?nueeiio aei? oeyoii caaacia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? ia?aiao??a iaoei ?aaeueiei oiiaai aenieoaoaoe?? ia aeeaei? aei 6500 i. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? iii?o ?oeioaaiith aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a caiea?eeiith iaoeiith a?ae ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano, i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua, oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aaioioii?io?ethaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo o?an. 2. ?ic?iaeaii oai??th ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ? oai??th ?o a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy yeeo aacothoueny ia aeeiai?oe? nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua, iaoiaeao iiae?aiino? ? iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee. Aeyaeaii, ui i?e aca?iiae?? ??aeo/iai iiaea c aiaeiiane/aiei a?oioii a?ae?inoaoe/iee oene i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeoieo a eiioaeoio ciio ii?iai? aiaee, yea aeeiio? ?ieue ciauaiiy ia ?iai/iio i?aai?, ciaiooth/e oa?oy. A?aeii? ??aeeie c? noi?iie iiaea ia aioo??oith iiaa?oith no?oaeee a??aiiaaaeo? ?? noai i?e aenieiio (aei 65 IIa) oeneo ? iaoiiaeth? iacaeaaei?noue a?ae iueiai iii?o i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo. 3. Noai?aii iia? iaoiaee ? oaoi?/i? caniae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiieo ianea?a ? i?ioean?a aca?iiae?? c ieie ?iai/iai iaeaaeiaiiy iaoei, a oiio /ene? aeeaieiaiaei? i?iaia?aea??ieee, a?aa?oaoe?ei? ciiaee, noaeiia? aaioaoi?/i? iiaeoe?, aaoiiaoeciaai? noaiaee, aei??thaaeuei? i?eeaaee. Ca aeiiiiiaith ieo aecia/aii i?oei?ni? aeanoeaino? a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai? (c a?aeoeeaiiyi iieaciee?a o iaaeao 12 % ii c/aieaiith ? 15 % ii ayceino? i?e aeia??/?e a??ia?aeiino? 0,95), ii?? ?oeioaaiith aoeueaeica?iei a?aeaaeii (c iaeneiaeueiith iioeaeith i?iaiicieo iiaeaeae 33 %) oa ?io? oa?aeoa?enoeee. 4. ?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? ?iai/iai i?ioeano iaoei ia aeeaieiaiaeieo aeiiieo inaaeeao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiao?oe??io iii?o ia?ai?uaiith aeieua aoene?oaaii? iaoeie ii aiaeiiane/aiiio ioeo iiaea ia?aaeuoaaoe a?aeii? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a oa?oy a?oioo ii noae?. Iaeneiaeueia onaaeea cae?ciia?aaioeaaeo eiie?aoe?e (ae?aiao?ii 3 5 ni) niinoa??aa?oueny i?e a?a?aoe?eiiio aieea? iaoeie c /anoioith 20 Aoe, aiie?ooaeith 0,2 ii ? aeinyaa? 40 70 % a?ae ?o ae?aiao?a. I?e oeueiio i?oei?noue inaaee?a ciaioo?oueny a 2,5 – 3,0 ?ace ? a?aeiiaeth?oueny eeoa /a?ac 3 4 aeiae; ooee iiaa?oi? a?oioo aei 10 ia oeenio?iii? aeanoeaino? ieaai?/ieo inaaee?a ia aieeaa?. I?i?iaeueia aoaeoeaia oaeaee?noue a?ae?i?icieao eiie?aoe?e 0,8 i/n; i?e u?eueiino? ?o caeyaaiiy a?eueoa 0,7 ea/i2 aeioe?euei?oei ca aia?aaoe/ieie iieacieeaie ? EEAe ? iaoai?/iee niin?a ?ic?iaee aeiiieo ei?enieo eiiaeei. 5. ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaeueieo ? iaoo?ieo aei?iaoaaiue aenia?eiaioaeueieo c?ace?a iaoei, i?ecia/aieo aeey cai?o cae?ciia?aaioeaaeo eiie?aoe?e, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?eiiai a?oioiaiai oiio aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe a?e?ooii-caieaniniee eiiieaen aeey aeaeiaoaaiiy ioeo ? nai?iiaeth c aeia ii?y oa ieaao/o onoaiiaeo aeey i/euaiiy aiaeieieu a?ae ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo a?aeeeaaeaiue. 6. Eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiieo ianea?a ?c caeo/aiiyi cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a i?iaia?aeai?o ? aea/aiiy c?ace?a ia aaioaoi?/ieo iiaeoeyo, a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ? aaiaeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy na?aaeiaeua, ia?o?ooiiai ii?iaoaaiiy ? aacia?a?aiiai i?io?ethaaiiy a?oio?a, aeeaieiaiaeiiai oioia?aooaaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia aeicaieeei: iaa?oiooaaoe iiaee i?aeo?ae aei iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?e nei?i/aii? /enea noaioe?e ? caaaeueii? o?oaei?ieino? ?aeniaeo ?ia?o; aecia/eoe o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a, ii?? ?o ?oeioaaiith ? iano/o caeaoi?noue a iiaa?oiaaiio oa??; aeyaeoe noai ?aeue?oo ii?nueeiai aeia ia aaoeiao?e/ieo i?io?eyo, iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa iioeiaeuei? o?ane aeaeiaoaieo nenoai ?, oaeei /eiii, ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe ?iai/? i?ioeane aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei a eiie?aoieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oiiaao. 7. ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiici? ioe?iee ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei ia iniia? oa?aeoa?enoee aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio iathoue aaaeeeaa ia?iaeiiainiiaea?/a cia/aiiy aeey noai?aiiy ? canoinoaaiiy ie?aieo aeae?a, nenoai ? eiiieaen?a a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei. ?aae?caoe?y aeacaieo iieiaeaiue ? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ni?ey? ia?eoaoiiio aeinooio Oe?a?ie aei i?ia?aeueii-ne?iaeiieo ? aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Na?oiaiai ieaaio, aeoiaeo ia i?aeia?iaei? ?eiee ?c no/aniith iaoei?ieith i?iaeoeoe??th oa oaoiieia??th. 8. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai c aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii 3 iei. 429,2 oen. a?i.: iaoiaee aecia/aiiy iii?o ?oeioaaiith aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ? ?o i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae i?ae a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii; oaoi?/i? caniae aeey aea/aiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei ia aeeaei? ? a iacaiieo oiiaao; ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aca?iiae?? iaoai?ci?a iaoei c ioeenoei a?oioii; ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?iaeooaaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei; eiiieaenio ioe?ieo aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio aeey caiea?eeieo nenoai. 9. Noeoii?noue iiaeo iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a, noi?ioeueiaaieo a aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aeeiiaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?iai/iai i?ioeano aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei, iiaeia eaae?o?eoaaoe ye ae??oaiiy aaaeeeai? iaoeiai-i?eeeaaeii? i?iaeaie a aaeoc? i?aeaiaeiiai caiea?eeiiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. NIENIE INIIAIEO I?AOeUe Iiiia?ao?? 1. A?aaeoaoeeiiiia ciiaee?iaaiea a?oioia. - E.: Iaoe. aeoiea,1997.-172 n. (aac niaaoi?ia). 2. ?ac?aaioea aeoaieiaiaeiuo a?oioia. - E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1998.- 348 n. (aac niaaoi?ia). 3. Iiaeaiaeiua no?ieoaeueiua ?aaiou: O/aa. iinia. aeey aocia. - E.: ENII, 1999.- 224 n. (niaaoi?: A.E.Aaeaaeeineee). Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo 4. Ii?aaeaeaiea nii?ioeaeaiey ?acaieth neaauo a?oioia // Ecaanoey aocia. Aaieiaey e ?acaaaeea. - 1993.- ? 4.- N.118-122. (aac niaaoi?ia). 5. Iaoiae e?eoa?eaeueiuo ioeaiie nii?ioeaeaiey ?acaieth ayceiieanoe/iuo a?oioia // O?ainii?oiia no?ieoaeuenoai. - 1993.- ? 4.- N.44-46 (aac niaaoi?ia). 6. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiue noaiae aeey enneaaeiaaiey ?aai/eo i?ioeannia caiea?ieiuo e o?ainii?oiuo iaoei // Ecaanoey aocia. No?ieoaeuenoai. - 1994.- ? 4.- N.75-76 (aac niaaoi?ia). 7. Ii?aaeaeaiea naienoa iiaeaiaeiuo a?oioia oaea?iui iaa?oaeaieai // Aeae?ioaoie/aneia no?ieoaeuenoai. - 1994.- ? 5.- N.45-47 (aac niaaoi?ia). 8. 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(aac niaaoi?ia). 26. Iiaeaeue iaiao?aoeee a?oioa noa?e/aneei eiaeaioi?ii // No?ieoaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai: Iaaeaaae. iao/.-oaoi. na.- Aui.40.- E.: IEENI, 1999.- N.50-54. (aac niaaoi?ia). 27. Iiaeaeue iii?o ?oeioaaiith i?aeaiaeieo ayceiieanoe/ieo a?oio?a // A??i., aoae., aei?. oa iae?i?ao. iaoeie: ?ani. i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oaoi. ca. - E.: EIOAA, 1999.- Aei.53.- N. 37-41 (aac ni?aaaoi??a). 28. Yenieoaoaoeeiiiue a?oioiaue oii ii?neiai aeia // Oaoi?ea aoae?aieoeoaa. - 1999.- ? 5.- N.51-55. (aac niaaoi?ia). Aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa ? iaoaioe 29. Iaoaio ? 6714 Oe?a?ie. I?eno??e a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy i?ae-aiaeiiai a?oioo / (aac ni?aaaoi??a). - Iioae. 29.12.94, Athe. ? 8-1. 30. Iaoaio ? 2036483 ?O. Ono?ienoai aeey enneaaeiaaiey aeiiiiai a?oioa / (aac niaaoi?ia). - Iioae. 27.05.95, Athe. ? 15. 31. Iaoaio ? 20045 Oe?a?ie. Niin?a aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae a?oio?a ? i?ia?ae?a ii?nueeiai aeia / (ni?aaaoi?e: I.I.Noea/, N.I.Noea/). - Iioae. 25.12.97, Athe. ? 6. 32. Iaoaio ? 20687 Oe?a?ie. Aeao/ee aeey aei??thaaiiy iii?o a?oioo ??caiith i?ae aiaeith / (ni?aaaoi?e: I.I.Noea/, N.I.Noea/). - Iioae. 27.02.98, Athe. ? 1. 33. Iaoaio ? 22265 Oe?a?ie. ?ne?iao? aeey i?aeaiaeieo iaoei / (ni?aaaoi?e: N.I.Noea/, I.I.Noea/). - Iioae. 30.06.98, Athe. ? 3. 34. Iaoaio ? 22362 Oe?a?ie. Noaiae aeey aei??thaaiiy i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae a?oioo / (ni?aaaoi?e: I.I.Noea/, N.I.Noea/). - Iioae. 30.06.98, Athe. ? 3. 35. Iaoaio ? 22725 Oe?a?ie. Noaiae aeey aecia/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?oioo / (ni?aaaoi?e: N.I.Noea/, I.I.Noea/). - Iioae. 30.06.98, Athe. ? 3. 36. Noaiae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aoae?aaeueii-aei?iaei?o iaoei / (ni?aaaoi?e: N.I.Noea/, I.I.Noea/). - Iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia cayaeo ? 97126370 a?ae 29.12.97 (Oe?a?ia). Aeaiiiiaai? ?oeiiene 37. Iaoiaeu e ono?ienoaa aeoaieiaiaeiiai enneaaeiaaiey ii?neiai aeia / EAOONA. - Eeaa, 1993.- 111 n.- ?on.- Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 13.07.93, ? 1484-Oe 93 (aac niaaoi?ia). 38. Aeiau/a nai?iiaey y?eeooii-caieaniniui eiiieaenii / EAOONA. - Eeaa, 1993.- 120 n.- ?on.- Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 03.11.93, ? 2184-Oe 93 (aac niaaoi?ia). 39. Eiiieaen aeey i/enoee aiaeiaiia io ?aaeeiaeoeaiuo eeia / EAOONA. - Eeaa, 1994.- 62 n.- ?on.- Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 13.12.94, ? 2387-Oe 94 (aac niaaoi?ia). Noea/ I.E. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.04 - iaoeie aeey caieyieo oa aei?iaei?o ?ia?o. - Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy a?oio?a caiea?eeieie iaoeiaie i?ae a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii, aecia/aiith oa?aeoa?enoee i?aeaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a ? aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio ia aeeaei? aei 6500 i. ?ic?iaeaii oai??th ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ? oai??th ?o a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? iii?o ?oeioaaiith aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a a?ae ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano, i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua, oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aaioioii?io?ethaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo o?an. Noai?aii iia? iaoiaee ? oaoi?/i? caniae aeey ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai aeicaieeei nei?ioeoe oa?i?i noai?aiiy ? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoei aeey aeaeiaoaieo ? i/enieo ?ia?o ia ii?nueeiio aei? oeyoii caaacia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? ?o ia?aiao??a ?aaeueiei oiiaai aenieoaoaoe??. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, ?iai/ee i?ioean, ciiaeoaaiiy, ii?? ?oeioaaiith, aenieoaoaoe?eiee aeiiiee oii. Noea/ I.E. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey ?aai/eo i?ioeannia aeoaieiaiaeiuo a?oioi?ac?aaaouaathueo iaoei. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.04 - iaoeiu aeey caieyiuo e aei?iaeiuo ?aaio. - Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth i?ioeannia ?ac?ooaiey a?oioa caiea?ieiuie iaoeiaie iiae aeae?inoaoe/aneei aeaaeaieai, ii?aaeaeaieth oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeaiaeiuo a?oioiauo ianneaia e yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai aeiiiiai oiia ia aeoaeia aei 6500 i. Onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe nii?ioeaeaiey ?ac?ooaieth aeoaieiaiaeiuo a?oioia io ia?aiao?ia ?aai/aai i?ioeanna, i?i/iinoiuo naienoa n?aaeu, oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiaie/aneiai iaa?oaeaiey e aaioioii?ioeee?iaaiey iiaeaiaeiuo o?ann. ?ac?aaioaiu oai?ey ?acaiey aeoaieiaiaeiuo a?oioia, iniiaiua iieiaeaiey eioi?ie aace?othony ia aeeiaieea nieioiie n?aaeu, iaoiaeao iiaeiaey e iaoaiaoe/aneie noaoenoeee, e oai?ey a?aaeoaoeeiiiiai ciiaee?iaaiey a?oioia aeey ii?aaeaeaiey eo naienoa ia ianoa, ia iiaeieiay n aeoaeiu. A ea/anoaa enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo a iiaeaeyo ?ac?ooaiey a?oioa eniieueciaaiu iaoo?iua naienoaa aeiiiiai ianneaa, ii?aaeaeaiiua iiae aeae?inoaoe/aneei aeaaeaieai. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e acaeiiaeaenoaee ?aaeouaai iiaea n aiaeiianuuaiiui a?oioii aeae?inoaoe/aneia aeaaeaiea i?eaiaeeo e ioaeaoeth a eiioaeoioth ciio ii?iaie aiaeu, eioi?ay ea?aao ?ieue niacee ia ?aai/ai i?aaia, oiaiueoay o?aiea. Ioii? aeeaeeinoe ni noi?iiu iiaea ia aioo?aiithth iiaa?oiinoue no?oaeee o?aaiiaaoeaaao aa ninoiyiea i?e aunieii (aei 65 IIa) aeaaeaiee e iaoneaaeeaaao iacaaeneiinoue io iaai nii?ioeaeaiey iiaeaiaeiiai a?oioa. Nicaeaiu iiaua iaoiaeu e oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa aeey enneaaeiaaiey aeiiiuo ianneaia e i?ioeannia acaeiiaeaenoaey n ieie ?aai/aai iai?oaeiaaiey iaoei, aeeth/ay aeoaieiaiaeiua i?iaiioai?ieee, a?aaeoaoeeiiiua ciiaeu, noaeiaua aaioaoie/aneea iiaeoee, aaoiiaoece?iaaiiua noaiaeu, ecia?eoaeueiua i?eai?u. N eo iiiiuueth ii?aaeaeaiu ia ianoa caeaaaiey naienoaa iiaeaiaeiuo a?oioia (n ioeeiiaieai aei 12 % ii noeaieaieth e aei 15 % ii ayceinoe i?e aeiaa?eoaeueiie aa?iyoiinoe 0,95), nii?ioeaeaiea ?ac?ooaieth (n ioeaeie, ia i?aauoathuae 33%) e ae?. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eiyooeoeeaio nii?ioeaeaiey ia?aiauaieth aeieua aoene?oaiie iaoeiu ii aiaeiianuuaiiiio eeo iiaeao i?aauoaoue ecaanoiua cia/aiey eiyooeoeeaioia o?aiey a?oioa i noaeue. Iaeneiaeueiay onaaeea aeaeaciia?aaioeaauo eiie?aoeee (aeeaiao?ii 3 5 ni) iaaethaeaaony i?e aea?aoeeiiiii aicaeaenoaee iaoeiu n /anoioie 20 Aoe, aiieeooaeie 0,2 ii e aeinoeaaao 40 70 % io eo aeeaiao?a. I?e yoii i?i/iinoue inaaeeia oiaiueoaaony a 2,5 3,0 ?aca, ainnoaiaaeeaaynue eeoue /a?ac 3 4 aeiy. Oeeii iiaa?oiinoe a?oioa aei 10 ia oeenio?iiiua naienoaa ieaaie/aneeo inaaeeia ia aeeyao. Ieieiaeueiay yooaeoeaiay nei?inoue aeae?i?aciuaa eiie?aoeee 0,8 i/n; i?e ieioiinoe caeaaaiey AEIE aieaa 0,7 ea/i2 ii yia?aaoe/aneei iieacaoaeyi e EIAe aieaa i?aaeii/oeoaeueiui yaeyaony iaoaie/aneee niinia ?ac?aaioee aeiiiuo iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo. ?acoeueoaou iiaeaeueiuo e iaoo?iuo eniuoaiee yenia?eiaioaeueiuo ia?acoeia iaoei, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey nai?a aeaeaciia?aaioeaauo eiie?aoeee, ii?aaeaeaiea yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai a?oioiaiai oiia iicaieeee ?ac?aaioaoue y?eeooii-caieaniniue eiiieaen aeey aeiau/e eea e nai?iiaey ni aeia ii?y e ieaao/oth onoaiiaeo aeey i/enoee aiaeiaiia io ?aaeeiaeoeaii caa?yciaiiuo ioeiaeaiee. Eiiieaeniia enneaaeiaaiea aeiiiuo ianneaia n i?eaea/aieai iaoiaeia i?iaiioai?a e eco/aiey ia?acoeia ia aaioaoie/aneii iiaeoea, a?aaeoaoeeiiiiai e aaiaeonoe/aneiai ciiaee?iaaiey n?aaeu, ia?o?ooiiai ii?iaiaaiey e iai?a?uaiiai i?ioeee?iaaiey a?oioia, aeoaieiaiaeiiai oioia?aoe?iaaiey ii?neiai aeia iicaieeei: iainiiaaoue iiaue iiaeoiae e iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee i?e nie?auaiee /enea noaioeee e iauae o?oaeiaieinoe ?aeniauo ?aaio; onoaiiaeoue yenieoaoaoeeiiiue aeiiiue oii e iioeiaeueiua o?annu aeiau/iuo nenoai; ii?aaeaeeoue oeceei-iaoaie/aneea naienoaa iiaeaiaeiiai a?oioa, nii?ioeaeaiea aai ?ac?ooaieth caiea?ieiie iaoeiie e ianouoth niiniaiinoue a iiaa?oiinoiii neia; auyaeoue iniaaiiinoe ?aeueaoa ii?neiai aeia ia aaoeiao?e/aneeo i?ioeeyo; e, oaeei ia?acii, eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue ?aai/ea i?ioeannu aeoaieiaiaeiuo iaoei a eiie?aoiuo ai?iioaoie/aneeo oneiaeyo. Ii ?acoeueoaoai aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoai: iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey nii?ioeaeaiey ?ac?ooaieth aeoaieiaiaeiuo a?oioia e eo i?i/iinoiuo naienoa iiae aeae?inoaoe/aneei aeaaeaieai; oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa aeey eco/aiey ?aai/eo i?ioeannia iaoei ia aeoaeia e a iacaiiuo oneiaeyo; ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey oa?aeoa?enoee acaeiiaeaenoaey iaoaieciia iaoei n eeenoui a?oioai; ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?iaeoe?iaaieth aeoaieiaiaeiuo a?oioi?ac?aaaouaathueo iaoei; eiiieaeniay ioeaiea yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai aeiiiiai oiia aeey caiea?ieiuo iaoei. ?aoaia e?oiiay iao/ii-oaoie/aneay i?iaeaia nie?auaiey n?ieia nicaeaiey e iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey aeoaieiaiaeiuo iaoei aeey aeiau/iuo e i/enoiuo ?aaio ia ii?neii aeia iooai iaania/aiey niioaaonoaey ia?aiao?ia iaoei ?aaeueiui oneiaeyi yenieoaoaoeee. Aiaae?aiea ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey a i?iecaiaenoai eiaao aaaeiia ia?iaeiioicyenoaaiiia cia/aiea aeey ia?eoaoiiai aeinooia Oe?aeiu e ieia?aeueii-nu?ueaaui e yia?aaoe/aneei ?ano?nai Ie?iaiai ieaaia, auoiaea ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiua ?uiee n nia?aiaiiie iaoeiaieie i?iaeoeoeeae e oaoiieiaeae. Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaeaioeoeeaoeey, ?aai/ee i?ioeann, ciiaee?iaaiea, nii?ioeaeaiea ?ac?ooaieth, yenieoaoaoeeiiiue aeiiiue oii. Sukach M.K. Deep-water earth-moving machines working processes identification. - Manuscript. Thesis for a doctors degree by speciality 05.05.04 - machines for earthen and road works. – The Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to studying of the deep-water earthen tract characteristics, bottom destruction processes and operational sea-bed background under the earth-moving machines operation. There have been established the relationship between the bottom resistance, its deformation durability characteristics, dynamic loading parameters, geo-acoustic probing and photo cross sectioning of the sea-bed. The basis of gravitational probing theory and underwater grounds cutting theory are developed. New methods and techniques are created for deep-water earth-moving machines working processes identification. The introduction of the research results to the industry allows reduction of the design period and increases the effectiveness of the machines through accommodation their parameters to the real operational conditions. Key words: identification, working process, probing, destruction durability, operational sea-bed background.

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