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29

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

NOEA* Ieoaeei Eocueie/

OAeE 624.132.3

?AeAIOEO?EAOe?ss ?IAI*EO I?IOeAN?A AEEAIEIAIAeIEO A?OIOI?IC?IAIEO

IAOEI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.04 – Iaoeie aeey caieyieo oa

aei?iaei?o ?ia?o

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao?

aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeaae?inueeee
A.E. – caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoae?aaeueieo iaoei EIOAA, aee?aeoi? IAe?
aoae?aaeueii-aei?iaeiuei? ? ?iaeaia?ii? oaoi?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?aaaoeue N.A.
?aeoi? ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe Aeoa?ianueeee I.I. i?ioani? eaoaae?e ii?nueeeo ?
??/eiaeo ii?o?a, aiaeieo oeyo?a oa ?o oaoi?/ii? aenieoaoaoe??
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ii?nueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naaaiei A.ss. caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aoae?aieoeoaa ? aenieoaoaoe?? aei??a Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaei?e oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao (eaoaae?a aoae?aaeueieo
? aei?iaei?o iaoei)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 12 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. ia 11 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.056.08 a Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith:
252037, Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?ini., 31, EIOAA.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A.I. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
*a?iaiei A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy iiai? i?aeaiaeii?
caiea?eeii? oaoi?ee aeey a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo, aoae?aaeueieo, aeaeiaoaieo ?
i/enieo ?ia?o i?ae aiaeith iaoiiaeea aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy a?oioiaeo
ianea?a ? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei. Aeiii? ayceiieanoe/i? a?oioe ?
inaaeee ?c-c? niaoeeo?ee caeyaaiiy ? aieeao aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua ia
iathoue aiaeia?a ia nooiaeie?, nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny oa?aeoa?
aca?iiae?? c ieie ?iai/iai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Oei ia iaioa, a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? ? i?aeoeoe? ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai?
?iai/? i?ioeane caiea?eeieo iaoei ia i?aeaiaeieo ? iniaeeai
aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioao. I?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeai? c aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oaeeo ?iai/eo na?aaeiaeu. Iaaeineiiae? iaoiaeieia?y ?
oaoi?/ia aaca aeey aea/aiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a ?
oa?aeoa?enoee aca?iiae?? c ieie iaoai?ci?a iaoei.

Noai?aiiy nenoaie iaoiae?a ? eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a i?aeaiaeieo iaoei ia? aaaeeeaa
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?/a cia/aiiy ? aeicaiey? caa/anii, ia aeii?iaeoieo
aoaiao, aecia/aoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeia aeaaoi??e,
ioe?ithaaoe niaoeeo?eo ?oeioaaiiy aeiiieo a?oio?a ? i/?eoaai?
iaaaioaaeaiiy caiea?eeieo iaoei a eiie?aoieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oiiaao.

A?aeiiino? i?i iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?oioiaiai oiio iaiao?aei? aeey
ae??oaiiy ia o?eueee iaoeiaeo, aea ? aaaeeeaeo i?aeoe/ieo caaea/, ui
caaacia/othoue ia?eoaoiee aeinooi Oe?a?ie aei i?ia?aeueii-ne?iaeiieo ?
aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Na?oiaiai ieaaio; inai?iiy aeeaieiaiaeieo ?iaeiaeu
iie?iaoae?/ieo eiie?aoe?e ? iaoaeiiinieo ioe?a; aeaeiaoaaiiy i?neo ?
nai?iiae?a c aeia *i?iiai ? Acianueeiai ii??a; ?ic?iaeo i?aeaiaeieo
?iaeiaeu iaooe, aaco ? aacia?ae?ao?a; aeei?enoaiiy noaia?eiieo aeoie?a
aeieia?/ii /enoi? ieoii? aiaee; i/euaiiy aeia aeaaoi??e a?ae
?aae?iaeoeaieo a?aeeeaaeaiue, aoae?aieoeoai a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae,
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo, aa?aaioe??iethaaeueieo oa ?ioeo ?ia?o i?ae
aiaeith.

Cia/ou?noue i?iaiicii? ioe?iee aeiiieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a c?inoa? o
cayceo c iaeaooi?i i?iieneiaei inai?iiyi ii?nueeeo ei?enieo eiiaeei,
iaiao?aei?noth ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeooaaiiy, nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io
noai?aiiy ie?aieo aeae?a ? eiiieaen?a iaoei aeey i?aeaiaeieo caieyieo
?ia?o ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o aenieoaoaoe??.

Aeeeaaeaia aeaco? ia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? iai?yieai ? caaea/ai: iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?ia?aie “?ioa?ii?aai” c i?iaeaie “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii??a ? ieaai?a c
iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?o i?ia?aeueieo ?ano?n?a”; ?anioae?eainueei?
i?ia?aie “Iaoa??aei?ie?noue” (Iinoaiiaa Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ?
?I.82.04. Oe.05.07); aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “Iaaeea? ?ano?ne” (ieai IAIAeO
ia 1994 2000 ?.?. “Noai?aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeieia?/ii aacia/ieo
oaoiieia?e aeaeiaooeo, o?ainii?ooaaiiy ? ia?a?iaee i?ia?aeueii?
ne?iaeie, aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, iaooe, aaco, ?ioeo aia?aiiin??a c
ii?nueeeo aeaaoi??e”); oaiaoeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o I?iina?oe
Oe?a?ie (10AeA-94, Iaeac II ? 57 a?ae 29.03.1994 ?.; 6AeA-96, Iaeac II ?
39 a?ae 7.02.1996 ?.).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?ioeano ?oeioaaiiy a?oio?a i?ae aenieei
a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii, ?ic?iaea iiaeaeae aca?iiae?? aeaoi?iaoi??a c
na?aaeiaeuai ? aecia/aiiy ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue aeeaieiaiaeieo
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei.

Iaoeiaa caaea/a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a noai?aii? iniia oai??? ??caiiy
aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ? oai??? ?o a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy.
I?aeoe/ieie caaea/aie ? aecia/aiiy iii?o ?oeioaaiith ? i?oei?nieo
aeanoeainoae a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai? oa oa?aeoa?enoee aca?iiae??
iaoai?ci?a iaoei c ioeenoei a?oioii.

Oai?aoe/ia /anoeia ?iaioe a?oioo?oueny ia /eneaiiiio aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
iaoa??ae?, iaea?aeaiiio a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao: ia aaoiiaoeciaaiiio
eiiieaen? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei (IAe? AAe?O),
oaea?iiio noaiae? (EI?), ?ioaoe?eiiio a?neiceiao?? (?inoeooo o?i??
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe), ia aeine?aeieo noaiaeao (E?A?), a aiaeiiio
aanaei? (?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie); ia ii?nueeeo iie?aiiao:
AIAeI?a??ieieuei?iaoo (i. E??iay, ?ecueea caoiea), IAeI?ieaaiaaio?ceee
(Aaeaiaeaeeoeueea aoooa), IAeI?ieaaiiaoa (i. Ea?/, neeaeiaee eaiae
cae?ci?oaeiiai eiia?iaoo), NEA Ieaaiaaioaoi?ea (Iiai?in?enueea aoooa);
i?e aea/aii? aeiiieo a?oio?a: Aaeo?enueeiai (IAeN “Oaeueo-1”), *i?iiai
ii??a (IAeN “ssioa?ue”, “Enneaaeiaaoaeue”) ? Oeoiai ieaaio a ?aa?ii?
Eea??ii-Ee?iia?oii (IAeN “17 nuacae i?ionithcia”).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino?
iii?o ?oeioaaiith aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a caiea?eeiith iaoeiith a?ae
ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano, i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua,
oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? aaioioii?io?ethaaiiy
i?aeaiaeieo o?an, ui aeicaieeei:

iaa?oiooaaoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? iaaaioaaeaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei;
?ic?iaeoe iniiae oai??? ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ? oai??? ?o
a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy; anoaiiaeoe iia? caeiiii??iino? ?iai/iai
i?ioeano iaoei ia ioeenoiio a?oio?; aecia/eoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiiieo
a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai? ? i/?eoaai? iaaaioaaeaiiy caiea?eeieo iaoei;
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiieo ianea?a, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue nei?ioeoe /enei noaioe?e i?iaia?aeai?o, caaaeueio
o?oaei?ie?noue ?aeniaeo ?ia?o, anoaiiaeoe aenieoaoaoe?eiee a?oioiaee oii
ia ii?nueeiio aei? ? iioeiaeuei? o?ane aeaeiaoaieo nenoai.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ noai?aii eiiieaen ai?oiaiai ? caaeeaiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, i?ecia/aiiai aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/iai i?ioeano iaoei a
noaeiiaeo oiiaao ? ia aei? aeaaoi??e i?ae a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii aei 65
IIa. Iiaecia oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie ? iaoaioaie ia aeiaoiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?i?
iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy iii?o ?oeioaaiith aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a ii
ia?aiao?ai ?iai/iai i?ioeano ? i?oei?niei aeanoeainoyi aeiiiiai ianeao.
Noai?aii onoaiiaee, noaiaee, i?eno?i? aeey ?aciaiai ? aacia?a?aiiai ca
?ooii noaeia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oio?a oa iaoai?ci?a iaoei ia aeeaei? aei
6500 i ? a ai?oiaeo oiiaao. Aei?iaoaaii aeine?aei? c?acee ? iiaeae?
iaoei aeey aeaeiaoaaiiy a?oio?a ? ei?enieo eiiaeei c aeia aeaaoi??e.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ii?nueeeo
?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo ?ia?o, aeei?enoaii a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo aei
i?iaeooaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo caiea?eeieo nenoai ? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?.

Canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue ?iai/iai i?ioeano ? aeinoia??i?noue
aei??thaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeiiieo a?oio?a, i?iaaaeaieo ia ii?nueeeo
iie?aiiao *i?iiai, Aaeo?enueeiai ii??a ? a Oeoiio ieaai?, a oaeiae
?aae?coaaoe eiiieaenio ioe?ieo aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio,
aecia/eoe i/?eoaai? ?iai/? iaaaioaaeaiiy caiea?eeieo iaoei ? oiiae
i?io?aeiino? ?o ia ii?nueeiio aei?.

Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy iii?o i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a ? ?o e?eoa??aeuei?
ioe?iee, ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaeueieo ? iaoo?ieo aei?iaoaaiue iaoai?ci?a
i?aeaiaeieo iaoei aeei?enoaii a IAeI?ieaaiiao? (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee) i?e
?ic?iaoe? aeeaieiaiaeii? aeaeiaoaii? onoaiiaee, a NEA oaoi?ee ii?nueeeo
aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o (Io?iainuee) i?e aei?iaoaaii? naiio?aeiiai
aa?aaaoo cai?o, a IAe? AAe?O (Ee?a) i?e i?iaeooaaii?
a?e?ooii-caieaniniiai eiiieaeno ? ieaao/i? onoaiiaee aeey i/euaiiy
aiaeieieu a?ae ?aae?iaeoeaieo ioe?a.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
EIOAA, aeeth/aii a i?ia?aio aeenoeeie?ie “?ioaineo?eaoe?y ?iaioe
aoae?aaeueii? oaoi?ee”, iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee “I?aeaiaei? aoae?aaeuei?
?iaioe”, /ioe?e iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee
eiiieaen aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei aeei?enoiao?oueny
i?e i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo caiyoue, eo?niaiai ? aeeieiiiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy.

Caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaa 3429,2 oen. a?i.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe:

iaa?oiooaaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo iaaaioaaeaiue aeeaieiaiaeieo
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei;

oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?ioeano ??caiiy ? a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy
aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a;

?ic?aooieia? noaie, iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, aeai?eoie ? iaoiaeeee
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aca?iiae?? iaoei c ?iai/ei na?aaeiaeuai;

iaoiaee ? oaoi?/i? caniae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?ioean?a iaoei ?
a?oio?a ii?nueeiai aeia ia aeeaei? aei 6500 i oa a ai?oiaeo oiiaao;

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae aeiiieo a?oio?a, iii?o
?o ?oeioaaiith ? aca?iiae?? iaoai?ci?a iaoei c ioeenoei a?oioii;

eiiieaenia ioe?iea i?aeaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a ? i/?eoaaieo
iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno (?aea?, niiniae
?aae?caoe??, iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, aeai?eoie, caeiiii??iino?, iaoiaee
?ic?aooie?a), iaea?aeaii iniaenoi aeena?oaioii. Aenia?eiaioaeueia
ia?aa??ea iaoeiaeo ?aeae ? i?aeoe/ia ?o ?aae?caoe?y a eiie?aoieo
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiiyo ? eiino?oeoe?yo cae?enithaaeeny ?acii c ani??aioaie ?
caeiaoaa/aie.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
aenia?eiaioaeueii-oai?aoe/ia aea/aiiy i?ioeano ?oeioaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo
a?oio?a. Iia? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy aacothoueny ia ?nioth/ee oai???
aeeiai?ee nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua, iaoiaeao iiae?aiino? ? iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee. Aei aeine?aeaeaiue caeo/aii iaoiaee aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
ieaioaaiiy ? iioei?caoe?? aenia?eiaio?a, oaiciiao?e/iee ?
aenaea?iiao?e/iee iaoiaee aei??thaaiiy, ?aa?an?eiee ? e?eoa??aeueiee
aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeaii: aeinoaoi?i
ianyaii aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? /eneii aei??thaaiue a
aeine?aeao, ui caaeiaieueiythoue caaeai?e oi/iino? ? iaae?eiino?;
a?aeoai?aiiyi aeyaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae ?iai/iai i?ioeano;
aaeaeaaoi?noth ?ic?iaeaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo; caaeia?eueiei ??aiai ca?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a aiae?oe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? i?ieoee
ai?iaaoe?th ? iaea?aeaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo:

ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy ?
aeieia?y i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio” (Iae??aea, 1995 ?.); ia 2 Ana?in?enuee?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “I?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? caiea?eeieo iaoei” (Ai?ii?ae, 1994 ?.); ia
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
a?ae?iiaoai?ee a inai?ii? ieaaio” (Ee?a, 1992 ?.); ia ?anioae?eainuee?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie yeino? ? iaae?eiino? iaoei”
(Iiaeeueia, 1994 ?.); ia ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? c iaoai?caoe?? caieyieo ?ia?o (Ee?a, 1996 ?.); ia 54 – 60
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo EIOAA (Ee?a, 1993 – 1999 ?.?.);

ia nai?ia?ao ? can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?: aoae?aaeueieo ? iae?i?aoeaieo iaoei
??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (??aia, 1999 ?.);
ii?nueeeo ? ??/eiaeo ii?o?a, aiaeieo oeyo?a oa ?o oaoi?/ii?
aenieoaoaoe?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ii?nueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Iaeana,
1999 ?.); aoae?aieoeoaa ? aenieoaoaoe?? aei??a Oe?a?inueeiai
o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Ee?a, 1999 ?.); aoae?aaeueieo ? aei?iaei?o
iaoei Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (Oa?e?a, 1999 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 172
iaoeia? i?aoe?, a oiio /ene? 2 iiiia?ao??, 1 iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee, 104
noaoo?, 15 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa ? iaoaio?a.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 7 ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a
? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a oa i?noeoue a
oe?eiio 376 noi??iie, a oiio /ene? 307 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 15
oaaeeoeue, 85 ?enoie?a, 202 iaeiaioaaiiy a?ae?ia?ao??, 69 noi??iie
aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

1. Noai i?iaeaie. Iai?yiee ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?th
i?enay/aii aea/aiith i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy a?oio?a caiea?eeieie iaoeiaie
i?ae a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii, aecia/aiith oa?aeoa?enoee i?aeaiaeieo
a?oioiaeo ianea?a ? aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio ia aeeaei? aei 6500
i.

?icaeyaea?oueny aa?oiy (iiaa?oiaaa) /anoeia a?oioiaiai ianeao, a ye?e
?aae?cothoueny ?iai/? ? oyaia? oa?aeoa?enoeee caiea?eeieo iaoei. I?ae
aenieoaoaoe?eiei aeiiiei oiiii ?icoi??oueny ?iciiae?eaiiy a?oio?a ca
nooiaiai aaaeeino? ?o ?ic?iaee. E?eoa??yie oe??? ioe?iee i?eeiyoi
ieoiiee ii?? ?oeioaaiith a?oioo, o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? a?oio?a,
ye? neeaaeathoue ianea, ? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aeue?oo aeia.

?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei, ooieoe?iioth/eo
a neeaaeieo a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oiiaao, icia/a? iiaoaeiao iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae aca?iiae?? aeaoi?iaoi??a c a?oioii, aecia/aiiy iii?o, ui ae??
ia ?iai/ee i?aai, oiaeiao /anoeio ? iaoai?cie iaoei, iaoiiaeaiiai
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie a?oio?a, ?o iano/ith caeaoi?noth,
iniaeeainoyie ?aeue?oo aeia oa ?ioeie ia?aiao?aie, ui noioanoe/ii
ci?iththoueny a iaaeao ?ic?iaethaaii? ae?eyiee, c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeiino? ia?aiao??a a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei aenieoaoaoe?eiiio
aeiiiiio oiio.

Ii?? ?oeioaaiith iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia aeanoea?noue a?oio?a c oi/ee ci?o
oiia ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? iaoei aeey caieyieo
?ia?o. Aecia/a?oueny oea oei, ui ?oeioaaiiy (??caiiyi) ? iniiaiei
niiniaii ?ic?iaee a?oio?a, ca i?eioeeiii yeiai iiaoaeiaaii ? ae??
a?eueo?noue caiea?eeieo iaoei.

Iniiae oai??? i?aeaiaeii? ?ic?iaee a?oio?a noi?iiaaii ia aac?
aeinyaiaiue oe?a?inueei? ? ?in?enueei? oe?e ?.A.Iaaei??ciaei,
A.?.Aaeiai?aei, N.I.Iai?iaei?eiaei, A.E.Aaeaae?inueeei, A.A.Eiaaiiaei,
A.A.Ii?na?iei, I.?.Nii?iae?iiaei. Iniaeeaino? aca?iiae?? ?iai/eo i?aai?a
? ?oo??a i?ae aiaeith aeine?aeaeoaaee Ae.Ae.Oo?aoiaa?a, I.O.Oeiaeea?eia,
I.I.Ea?ioe?i, A.I.Oaoaeia, A.?.Eiioueieia, I.Ae.Eo?ea?a, I.A.Aioe,
A.I.Eoeyoia. A?aeii? i?aoe? caei?aeiiieo aeine?aeiee?a Oe.Oa?a,
E.Eiaeceie, A.??/a?aea, AE.O.??nnaea, ?.I.Eiiaa, E.Oaoaio?e, E.En?aecoe?
c ?ic?iaee ? noai?aiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei.

Oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? a EIOAA, A?IN,
OeIAe??A, IAAe?, I?A?, eaai?aoi??? a?ae?iiaoai?caoe?? EI? oa ?i.
iieacaee, ui ?c onueiai eiiieaeno oa?aeoa?enoee o?eueee a?aeiinii
iaaaeeea ?o e?euee?noue (a ia?oo /a?ao ii?? cnoao, c/aieaiiy, eoo
aioo??oiueiai oa?oy, aonoeia, aeeiai?/ia ayce?noue) aaciina?aaeiuei
aa?ooue o/anoue o oi?ioaaii? ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue i?aeaiaeieo iaoei.

Aeey neeaaeaiiy i?iaeoo i?aeaiaeieo aeaeiaoaieo ? aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?o
iaiao?aei? oaeiae ia?aiao?e iano/i? caeaoiino? a?oioo, ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
ciie iai?io?aeiino?, aaoeiao?e/i? aeai?, ye? iieacothoue ci?ithaaiiy
?aeue?oo aeia, aenioo noiaia aiaee iaae a?oioii ? a?aeia?aaeathoue
iniiai? aenieoaoaoe?ei? iniaeeaino? ii?nueeiai aeia a ?aeii?, ui
?ic?iaey?oueny (a?ocuee? i?noey, caaaciaai? ae?eyiee, aeoiaee ei??iieo
ii??ae).

I?iaiici? caeaaeiino? iii?o i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a iaea?aeoaaee a iniiaiiio
ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaethaaiiy na?aaeiaeua a aa?ieaia?ao, oiaoi i?e
iaaaioaaeaii? a?oioo a?ae?inoaoe/iei oeneii (ia?aaaaeii aei 3 IIa), a
oie /an ye i?e i?aeeii? c aeeaeie iaoo?i? c?acee caciathoue cai?ioi?e
aieea i?e eiai ciaioaii?. ??cieoey a oeoia/aii? aca?iiae?? ??aeo/eo
i?aai?a c a?oioiaei na?aaeiaeuai i?ae oiauath aiaee i?ecaaea aei
iaea?aeaiiy nooo?ai ??cieo ?ic?aooieiaeo caeaaeiinoae.

Cae/aeii, iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei iaee?aua
ooeaoe a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??. I?ioa, a?aeii? oaoi?/i? o?oaeiiu? iiee ui
ia aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe iiaiiianooaai? aenia?eiaioe ia aaeee?e
aeeaei?, oi/a ? ? ie?ai? ni?iae aei??thaaiiy neeiaeo ia?aiao??a ca
aeiiiiiaith ie?aieo c?ace?a aeeaieiaiaeii? aeine?aeii? ? aeaeiaoaii?
oaoi?ee ia aeeaeiao aei 6000 i.

Oiio i?aaenoaaey?oueny iiaeeeaei a iaeneiaeueiiio nooiai? iaaeeceoeny
aei ?aaeueieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiia ia ii?nueeiio aei? oeyoii noai?aiiy
oaeeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a, ye? aoee
a aaeaeaaoieie ye i?ae aiaeith, oae ? ia nooiaeie?. A?aenooi?noue
iaae?eieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a, i?eaeaoieo aeey aecia/aiiy
aeanoeainoae i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai? ? iii?o ?o
?oeioaaiith caiea?eeieie iaoeiaie, ia aeicaiey? a iiai?e i???
caaacia/eoe a?aeiia?aei?noue ia?aiao??a iaoei, ui caeeaaeathoueny a
i?iaeoe, oa?aeoa?enoeeai ?aaeueiiai a?oioiaiai oiio.

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe oa iia? iaoiaee ioe?iee oa?aeoa?enoee
i?aeaiaeieo a?oioiaeo ianea?a aacothoueny ia /eneaiiiio
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaoa??ae?, iaea?aeaiiio a eaai?aoi?ieo ? iaoo?ieo
aei?iaoaaiiyo oeiiaeo aeiiieo a?oio?a ca aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy oa noai?aieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a.

Iaoeiaa ?aeay ?iaioe caeeth/a?oueny a oiio, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiiieo
ianea?a aecia/athoue o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, a ?iai/? iaaaioaaeaiiy
i?aeaiaeieo iaoei ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo aeanoeainoae, e?eoa??aeueieo
caeaaeiinoae iii?o a?oioo, aeaieo oioi- ? aaiaeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy
aeia. I?eioeeiiai ?aeath ?aae?ciaaii oeyoii noai?aiiy i?eno?i?a ?aciaiai
oa aacia?a?aiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioo, ui aaeaeaaoii canoiniaothoueny
ye a aoiinoa?ieo, oae ? i?aeaiaeieo oiiaao ? caaacia/othoue aeinoaoith
aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeoaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Iniiaieie iai?yieaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?: aecia/aiiy i/?eoaaieo
iaaaioaaeaiue caiea?eeieo iaoei ? oa?aeoa?enoee i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a;
noai?aiiy oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey aea/aiiy aeia aeaaoi??e ? iniaeeainoae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei; ?ic?iaea niaoe?aeueieo iaoei ?
aeaeiaoaieo eiiieaen?a.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iai/eo i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei aeiaaa? ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaea/:

iaa?oiooaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio ? ?iai/eo
iaaaioaaeaiue iaoei;

?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a caiea?eeiith
iaoeiith ? ?o a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy;

noai?aiiy onoaiiaie, i?eno?i?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy c iaoith aea/aiiy
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai aeiiiiai oiio aeey caiea?eeieo iaoei;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeee, aeai?eoi?a, i?ia?ai iaoo?ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aiao??a aca?iiae?? aeaiaio?a iaoei c ?iai/ei
na?aaeiaeuai;

aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae aeiiieo a?oio?a oaea?iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ?
ioe?iea ?o noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeaie;

anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae iii?o aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a;

?ic?iaea niaoe?aeueieo i?aeaiaeieo iaoei ? aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
aca?iiae?? ?o iaoai?ci?a c ioeenoeie a?oioaie;

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a eiioaeoiiai ? aeenoaioe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo
i?ioean?a aeeaieiaiaeieo iaoei;

eiiieaenia ioe?iea aeiiieo ianea?a ? i/?eoaaieo iaaaioaaeaiue
a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei;

ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai.

Oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaeaie, iaoe ? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee
?ic?iaeoe no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

2. Iniiae oai??? a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy a?oio?a. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeae?
aca?iiae?? c a?oioii oeee?iae?e/iiai ? noa?e/iiai ?iaeaioi??a, ye?
iieeaaeaii a iniiao oai??? a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy a?oio?a.
Anoaiiaeaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? i?ae i?oei?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
a?oioo ? aeeiai?eith aaeueioaaiiy a iueiio a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaea. Oea
aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe aeanoeaino? i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo o
i?e?iaeiiio noai?, aac i?aeeiio c?ace?a c aeeaeie. A?aeiaaea?
iaiao?aei?noue a iiia?aaeiueiio aeine?aeaeaii? a?oio?a-aiaeia?a ?
ii??aiyii? oaea?ieo ?iioeuen?a aeaoi?iaoi?a, iiaeaethaaii? na?aaeiaeua ?
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo, aeei?enoaii? ?ai?oa anoaiiaeaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo
eiao?oe??io?a.

A?iioace ? i?eiouaiiy, i?eeiyo? a iiaeaeyo: a?oio i?aaenoaaey? niaith
ayceiieanoe/ia iaeii??aeia na?aaeiaeua (iiaeaeue A?iaaia-Oaaaeiaa); ?oo
?iaeaioi?a a a?oio? a ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? aaaaea?oueny a?aeiinii
iia?eueiei (ii??aiyii c? oaeaee?noth ?iciianthaeaeaiiy i?oaeieo oaeeue)
? eaac?noaoe?iia?iei; aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeyoueny a oiiaao ianoeneeaiai
na?aaeiaeua.

??aiyiiy ?ooo ayceiai ianoeneeaiai na?aaeiaeua

(1)

aea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 aaeoi? oaeaeeino? aeaiaioa
na?aaeiaeua, i/n; ; P – oene, Ia;
u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy ciai?oi?o ia?iieo nee, I/ea; aonoeia
na?aaeiaeua, ea/i3; aeeiai?/iee eiao?oe??io ayceino?, Ia;
picscalex1000100090000038e0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00180031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff40030000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e00009b040000002d01000009000000320a60013a000400000064697656
0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02
000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ??aiyii?
ia?ic?eaiino?.

I?e ciiaeoaaii? a?oioo oeee?iae?e/iei ?iaeaioi?ii (o?oa/anoei
i?iaia?aea??ieeii aai aeiaaei oeee?iae?e/iei ciiaeii, nii?yaeaeaiei
aeao/eeaie i?enei?aiiy ? coneeey iaoyao i?aea?nee) aei??ythoue
i?enei?aiiy w(t) i?ae /an oaea?o ? ciaoiaeyoue aeeaeio eiai caio?aiiy
h1; i?e i?aeeii? cai??ythoue coneeey iaoyao i?aea?nee Fi ? i?enei?aiiy
?iaeaioi?a w(t) aei iiiaioo aeoiaeo eiai c a?oioo (?en.1). Aaaaea?oueny,
ui ciiae caio?th?oueny a a?oio aa?oeeaeueii, a eiai aeiaaeeia a
aeae?eueea ?ac ia?aaeuo? ae?aiao?.

Aeoiaey/e ?c (1), ?oo oeee?iae?a i?ae /an i?aeeiio ?c a?oioo (i?e oiia?
iaeiii??iino? oaeaeeino? v ? noaoe?iia?iino? eiai ia?ai?uaiiy)
aecia/a?oueny nenoaiith

(2)

Oene P caeaaeeoue o?eueee a?ae eii?aeeiaoe z; aaee/eia ciie ieanoe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ?c ??aiyiiy.

C o?aooaaiiyi e?oaiai? neiao??? ? e?aeiaeo oiia;
aeey oeee?iae?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a ni?aaaaeeeai

(3)

aea r0 ?aae?on oeee?iae?e/ii? /anoeie ciiaea; r1 a?aenoaiue aei iaae?
ciie oaeo/ino?.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?aieia?/iei ??aiyiiyi ayceiieanoe/iiai o?ea
iai?oaeaiiy, aea 0 a?aie/ia iai?oaeaiiy cnoao a?oioo. Cia/eoue ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae aaee/eie h. Oiae? ?c (3) aeiee-

?en.1. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia (a) ? oeiiaee a?ao?e i?enei?aiiy
oeee?iae?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a (a) ia aoaiao: I iioneaiiy o aiae?; II
aaeueioaaiiy ciiaea; III /an niieith; IV i?aeeii o a?oio?; V i?aeeii
o aiae?; VI caaenaiiy ciiaea o aa?oiueiio noai?.

aa?, ui, aea e?eoa??e iiae?aiino?. Neaae?
aiaeiiane/ai? a?oioe iathoue iaeee eoo aioo??oiueiai oa?oy ( = 3…5),
oiio ?o c/aieaiiy cae/aeii i?eeiathoue ??aiei a?aie/iiio iai?oaeaiith
cnoao.

Oiiaa a?aie/iiai noaio a?oioo i?e i?aeeii? oeee?iae?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a

(4)

aea a ? aonoeia aiaee ? a?oioo; VABC ? VAEC ia?ie /anoei ciiaeo, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny o aiae? ? a?oio?; g i?enei?aiiy a?eueiiai iaae?iiy; G
aaaa ciiaea; SACDF ieiua iiaa?oi? oeee?iae?e/ii? /anoeie, caaeeaeaii? a
a?oio. I?e aeinoaoiuei aaeeeiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeiaaeeie ? ae?aiao?a
?iaeaioi?a ?aaeoe??th iaeiia/ieea iiaeia ciaoooaaoe.

C/aieaiiy a?oioo ?ic?aoiaothoue ca aaee/eiith iaeneiaeueiiai iaoyao
i?aea?nee:

(5)

aea Si ieiua SACDF a i-iio aei??o; ; n – e?euee?noue
caio?aiue ?iaeaioi?a a a?oio.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeeiai?/ii? no?oeoo?ii? ayceino? a?oioo i?aao /anoeio
??aiyiiy (4) i?aaenoaaeythoue a oi?i?, aea; m iana ciiaea; h1 aeeaeia
caio?aiiy ciiaea (ciaeaeaia ia II aoai?); hi aeiaaeeia iaeiia/ieea;
?aaeoe?y c oi?oey ciiaea.

Ii a?ao?eo i?e i?aeeii? ?iaeaioi?a ?ic?aoiaothoue oaeaee?noue
? ia?ai?uaiiy ciiaea, aea t2 ii/aoie i?aeeiio; t4 iiiaio a?ae?eao
ciiaea a?ae a?oioo. Aaee/eio i aeey eiaeiiai aei??thaaiiy i aecia/athoue
?c oiiae h(ti) > hi , aaaaeath/e, ui :

(6)

Oae ye, oi ?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy ayceino? aeey eiaeiiai aei??thaaiiy
(7), aea cia/aiiy w(ti), h(ti), i, vi = v(ti)
a?aeiia?aeathoue oi/eai, ui aaciina?aaeiuei ?aeooue ca i?eaie
i?enei?aiue (a iiiaio t3) i?e i?aeeii? ciiaea ?c a?oioo.

Aeeiai?/ia no?oeoo?ia ayce?noue a?oioo a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio oa??
noaiiaeoue

(8)

I?e aca?iiae?? noa?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a c a?oioii oa?aeoa?enoeee
na?aaeiaeua iaea?aeothoue ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaeiiai oaea?o. A?aei?ii?noue
oe??? iiaeae? a?ae a?aeiiiai ??oaiiy Noiena i?i caio?aiiy noaeaai? eoe?
c? noaeith oaeaee?noth a ?aeaaeueii ayceo ??aeeio iieyaa? a oiio, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny a?oioiaa na?aaeiaeua, yea ia? ia o?eueee ayce?noue, aea
? c/aieaiiy, a oaeaee?noue ?iaeaioi?a ia?ai?iia.

Ciiae neeaeathoue a a?oio i?ae ae??th aeanii? aaae, ?a?no?oth/e a?ae?iia
i?enei?aiiy i?e eiai caio?aii? aei iiaii? coieiee. Ca oi?iith oaea?iiai
?iioeueno ? ianiai-aaaa?eoieie ia?aiao?aie noa?e/iiai ciiaea
aecia/athoue aeeiai?/io no?oeoo?io ayce?noue, c/aieaiiy, aeeiai?/io
i?oei?noue ? aeeneiaoe?th a?oioo. Aei??thaaiee aenaea?iiao?ii neaiae
w(t) ?ioaa?othoue iaeiei ?c a?aeiieo niinia?a. I?e/iio, aeey aecia/aiiy
ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? ciiaea v0 a iiiaio oaea?o ii a?oioo t0 i?ae?aooiie
/ano aaaeooue a cai?ioiiio iai?yieo, oiaoi ii/eiath/e c iiiaioo iiaii?
coieiee ciiaea T, eiee eiai i?enei?aiiy wT = 0 ? oaeaee?noue vT = 0.
Aeey aecia/aiiy ia?ai?uaiiy ciiaea x(t) a?ao?e oaeaeeino? v(t)
?ioaa?othoue a i?yiiio iai?yieo.

??aiyiiy ?ooo noa?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a i?e iaiao?aoe?? a?oioo ia aeeaeio,
ui ia ia?aaeuo? ae?aiao?a eoe?, :

(9)

aea P ? m aaaa ? iana ciiaea; neeaaeiaa iii?o ayceiio oa?oth a?oioo,
i?iii?oe?eia oaeaeeino? ciiaea v; neeaaeiaa iii?o, ui ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae oaeaeeino?, i?iii?oe?eia c/aieaiith 0 ? ae?? aeeoa?aioe?eii ia
ieiu? aeioeeaiiy ciiaea c a?oioii; aeeiai?/ia ayce?noue a?oioo; r
?aae?on ciiaea.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e e?eoa??e i?i?ioio eaaae?aoe/iiai ooieoe?iiaeo
i?ney iaaieo ia?aoai?aiue iaea?aeaii oi?ioee aeey
aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae a?oioo

(10)

aea .

Aaee/eiai ayceino? ? c/aieaiiy a?oioo a?aeiia?aeathoue e?ioeaa?
?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy ? 0 nenoaie (10).

A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, eiee noa?e/iee ciiae caio?th?oueny a ianea ia
aoaeue-yeo aeeaeio, a oiio /ene? a?eueoo ca ae?aiao? eoe?, ??aiyiiy ?ooo
i?eeia? aeaeyae

(11)

aea min(x, 2r) icia/a?, ui a ?ic?aooieao aa?aoueny i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy
?c aeaio aaee/ei x aai 2r. Ia eiaeiiio e?ieo eaaiooaaiiy ?ic?aoiaothoue
ooieoe??

(12)

? aaee/eie .

?ioaa?aeuei? cia/aiiy aeanoeainoae a?oioo aecia/athoue a i?eiouaii?
?cio?iiiino? na?aaeiaeua ia an?e aeeaei? caio?aiiy ciiaea

(13)

Aeeiai?/io i?oei?noue a?oioo ioe?iththoue ca aeioe/iei iai?oaeaiiyi i?ae
noa?e/iei ooaiiii

(14)

Aeeneiaoe?y a?oioo oa?aeoa?eco? e?euee?noue aia?a??, ui aeo?a/a?oueny ia
eiai aeaoi?iaoe?th. Caeaaei?noue ii?iaeueiiai iai?oaeaiiy ae a?ae
aaee/eie aeaoi?iaoe?? x aecia/athoue oeyoii aeeeth/aiiy ia?aiao??a /ano
t c a?ao?e?a ae(t) ? x(t), ui iaea?aeothoue i?e oaea?? ciiaea. Aaee/eia
aeeneiaoe?? a?oioo i?iii?oe?eia ieiu?, iaiaaeai?e e?eaith ?
a?nnth aeaoi?iaoe?? .

3. Iniiae oai??? ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo a?oio?a. Oai??y ?iai/iai
i?ioeano aaco?oueny ia a?aeiieo caeiiii??iinoyo aeeiai?ee nooe?eueiiai
na?aaeiaeua, iaoiaeao iiae?aiino? ? iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee. Niaoeeo?ea
?ic?iaee aeiiieo inaaee?a iieyaa? a iayaiino? aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua,
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo, i?aeaeuaiiai iii?o a?oioo ayceiio oa?oth ia
?iai/iio ?ino?oiaio? ? iaoai?ciao iaoeie, iaeeo cia/aiiyo c/aieaiiy ?
iano/i? caeaoiino? a?oioo. Aeo?aeieie aeaieie iiaeae? ??caiiy
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ? aeaoi?iaoe?eii-i?oei?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?oio?a,
iaea?aeai? o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, ? ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai i?ioeano iaoei.

Iniiai? a?iioace ? i?eiouaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae?: a?oio i?aaenoaaey?
niaith iaeii??aeia ayceiieanoe/ia ianoeneeaa na?aaeiaeua (iiaeaeue
A?iaaia-Oaaaeiaa); ?icaeyaea?oueny iinooiaeueiee ?oo oe?ieiai ieineiai
iiaea i?yiieooii? oi?ie; i?ioean ??caiiy noaoe?iia?iee, oaeaee?noue
ia?ai?uaiiy iiaea noaea; iicaeiaaei?e ?ici?? ciie aeaoi?iaoe?? a?oioo
acaeiaae iiaea ia ci?ith?oueny; ae??oo?oueny ieinea caaea/a.

Aeeiai?ea nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua a iai?oaeaiiyo iieno?oueny caaaeueiei
??aiyiiyi . Aei iueiai i?e?aeio?oueny ??aiyiiy
ia?ic?eaiino? , yea i?e ia?aoai?th?oueny a
. Aeey noaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio ??caiiy ?ia?oe?aeueia neea
. Ia?iieie neeaie ? neee oyae?iiy . Iiaa?oiaa? neee
iathoue aeaeyae . ?aieia?/ia ??aiyiiy ayceiieanoe/iiai
na?aaeiaeua . A oeeo oi?ioeao aonoeia na?aaeiaeua,
ea/i3; u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy ia?iieo nee, I/ea;
u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo nee (oaici? iai?oaeaiue), I/i2; V
aaeoi? oaeaeeino? aeaiaioa na?aaeiaeua, i/n; iaaea-iia?aoi?;
iioaioe?ae nee oyae?iiy, i2/n2; aeeiai?/ia no?oeoo?ia ayce?noue
a?oioo, Ia.n; P oene, Ia; aeioe/ia iai?oaeaiiy a a?oio?, Ia; 0
a?aie/ia iai?oaeaiiy cnoao (c/aieaiiy) a?oioo, Ia; v i?iaeoe?y aaeoi?a
oaeaeeino? ia iioi/io eii?aeeiaoo y.

Oaeei /eiii, ??aiyiiy aeeiai?ee ayceiieanoe/iiai a?oioiaiai na?aaeiaeua

(15)

A?aie/i? oiiae i?ioeano ??caiiy: oaeaee?noue ia?ai?uaiiy a?oioo ia
iiaa?oi? iiaea: (oiiaa i?eeeiaiiy); aeioe/ia iai?oaeaiiy ia
iaae? cii oaeo/ino? I ? oaa?aeeo ae?eyiie II aei??aith? a?aie/iiio:
(?en.2). ?c oeeo oiia ? ?aieia?/iiai ??aiyiiy aeieeaa?
.

A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? ??caiiy i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ? i?eiouaiiy i?i
noae?noue iioieo a?oioo, ui ?ooa?oueny acaeiaae iiaea, iaea?aeaii ii??
?oeioaaiith o aeaeyae?

(16)

aea b, l oe?eia ? aeiaaeeia iiaea; eoo ??caiiy; , a aonoeia a?oioo
? aiaee; e?eoa??e iiae?aiino?, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?
oaciaee noai a?oioo a no?oaeoe? ? /enaeueii aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith
oiauei (ia?i?a) cii oaeo/ino? ? oaa?aeeo ae?eyiie, ; i?e
oe? ciie i?eaeecii iaeiaeia?; e?eoa??e iiae?aiino? iiaeae?
? ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aeanoeainoae a?oioo (c/aieaiiy 0 ,
ayceino? ) ? e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano (oaeaeeino? v0 , aeeaeie
??caiiy h); g i?enei?aiiy a?eueiiai iaae?iiy.

Neeaaeiaeie iii?o i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ? neea oeneo ia iiaa?oi? iiaea
? neea oa?oy ia eiai eiaia?e /anoei?
, aea a?ae?inoaoe/iee oene noiaia aiaee.
I?ae?aooaaaoe neeo, ui ae?? ia i?ae a ai?eciioaeueiiio iai?yieo
, ? aeiaeaaoe aei ia? ai?eciioaeueio neeaaeiao
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo noiaia aiaee, ui ae?? ia cai?ioio noi?iio iiaea
iaea?aeaii ae?ac aeey iii?o a?oioo,
(aeea. oi?ioeo (16)).

Eiee i?ae iiai?noth aoiaeeoue a caa?e (i?e ) ii??
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo

(17)

aai, c o?aooaaiiyi cia/aiue Q ? K,

(18)

sse aa/eii, ii?? ?oeioaaiith i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo, a aecia/a?oueny o?eueee ia?aiao?aie i?ioeano
??caiiy ? aeanoeainoyie a?oioo c/aieaiiyi, aeeiai?/iith no?oeoo?iith
ayce?noth, aonoeiith, ye? ciaoiaeyoue aaciina?aaeiuei ia i?noe?
aenieoaoaoe?? caiea?eeii? iaoeie.

Aeeaieiaiaei? a?oioe ? inaaeee cia/ii a?ae??ciythoueny ca nai?ie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ? oiiaaie ?ic?iaee a?ae nooiae?eueieo a?oio?a. I?ioean
aca?iiae?? c ieie iaoai?ci?a iaoei ia? nooo?a? iniaeeaino?.
Iiaeaethaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue iaoiiaeaii iaiaeiicia/i?noth ?iai/eo
i?ioean?a, a aeenoaioe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia caycaii c?
cia/ieie oaoi?/ieie neeaaeiinoyie ? iaoa??aeueieie cao?aoaie.

?en.2. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia ??caiiy aeeaieiaiaeiiai a?oioo

A oaeeo oiiaao ii?? a?oio?a aeioe?eueii aecia/aoe a e?eoa??aeueiiio
aeaeyae?, ui aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe caeaaeiino? ia o?eueee i?ae o?ce/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?iai/iai i?ioeano, aea ? i?ae iaaieie ia?aiao?aie,
ia?aeiaieie a aac?ici??i? e?eoa??? iiae?aiino?. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue
?iciianthaeaeoaaoe iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iaae?
aenia?eiaio?a ? ioe?ithaaoe i/?eoaaiee ii?? a?oio?a a ?aaeueieo oiiaao
aenieoaoaoe?? iaoei.

Nooue iaoiaeo caeeth/a?oueny a ianooiiiio. Aenoaa?oueny oai?aoe/ia
a?iioaca o aeaeyae? iie?iiio ?c e?eoa???a iiae?aiino?, ii?yaeie ? oi?ia
caieno yeiai a?aeiia?aea? anoaiiaeai?e ?ai?oa eia?ei-iaoaiaoe/i?e
iiaeae? i?ioeano. Ia?aiao?e ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaaeiino? i?ae e?eoa??yie
iiae?aiino? aecia/athoue aenia?eiaioaeueii ca a?aeiia?aeiei ieaiii,
neeaaeaiei c o?aooaaiiyi yeiaea?eueoiai ?iceeaeo ?o cia/aiue. A
?acoeueoao? noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aeaieo ioe?iththoue aaeaeaaoi?noue
?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae? aenia?eiaioaeueiei caeaaeiinoyi.

E?euee?noue e?eoa???a iiae?aiino?, ca?aeii c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-oai?aiith, ciaioothoue ia ?aia nenoaie
(oiaoi ia /enei aaee/ei c iniiaieie iacaeaaeieie ?ici??iinoyie).
Iai?eeeaae, ?c ia?aiao??a F, b, l, h, 0 , , , a , g, v0 , ??aiyiiy
(16) neeaaeathoue e?eoa??? (19) aea
eoo aoiaeeoue aei oiiae aaiiao?e/ii? iiae?aiino?; F aeine?aei?
cia/aiiy iii?o a?oioo; e?eoa??e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?aeoa?eco?
?iaa??aioi?noue ?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae?; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeiaaeeiith
iiaea l ? aeeaeiith ??caiiy h aecia/a?oueny caeaaei?noth
, aea h1 ia?aaeuaiiy aa?oiuei? e?iiee iiaea iaae iiaa?oiath
iaaeaoi?iiaaiiai a?oioo. ?ia?oe?y ? oyae?iiy aiinyoue iacia/iee aeeaae a
i?ioean ??caiiy, oiio cia/aiiy , a ? g ia a?aoiao?ii. *an t aeey
noaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio oaeiae aeeeth/a?oueny.

?c cacia/aieo e?eoa???a neeaaeathoue eiiieaen, a yeiio , K ? ?
a?aoiaioaie, a e?eoa??e , ui aeeth/a? aaee/eio F, ooieoe??th:
. E?eoa??aeueio caeaaei?noue iii?o i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo
cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aoe o aeaeyae? (20), aea
ia?aiao?e ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??. Aeey oeueiai i?iaiaeyoue aenia?eiaio, a
yeiio e?euee?noue aeine?ae?a n ?icaeaathoue ia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 a?oi, aea r = 2 –
/enei ia?aiao??a ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??. A eiaeiiio aeine?ae? aecia/athoue
e?eoa??? Ki , Qi,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 ? ?o noie
Ioe?iee ? ?ic?aoiaothoue .

(21)

I??ith ?ica?aeiino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c
?ic?aooieiaith caeaaei?noth . Aeenia?n?y aaee/ei
: .
(22)

Ia?aiao?e an?o aeine?ae?a iii?uathoue a oaaeeoeth j, yeo ?aiaee?othoue
ca c?inoath/eie cia/aiiyie e?eoa???a Kj ? ciaoiaeyoue ie?ai? na?aaei?
cia/aiiy a a?oiao , aea iiia? a?oie; j
iiia? aeine?-aea a eiaei?e a?oi?; m /enei aei??thaaiue a a?oiao.
Aeae?ath/e iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue cia/eiino? q ? i?ae?aoiaoth/e
a?aeiia?aei? /enea nooiai?a naiaiaee /enaeueieea ?
ciaiaiieea, aecia/athoue e?eoa??e O?oa?a

(23)

Aaeaeaaoi?noue ioeueiai? a?iioace ia?aa??ythoue ca oiiaith
, aea e?eoe/i? cia/aiiy ? iaoiaeyoue o
oaaeeoeyo ?iciiae?eaiiy O?oa?a-Niaaeaei?a.

4. Noai?aiiy iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeia
aeaaoi??e. O?oaeiiu? ?nieo?a a?oio?a ia iaeneiaeueieo aeeaeiao coiiaeee
noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a, eiiieaenia ?o aeei?enoaiiy
? aaeaioaoe?th aei ?nioth/eo oaoiieia?e aeeaieiaiaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Aeey aecia/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?oio?a aaoi?ii noai?aii
?yae i?eno?i?a, onoaiiaie ? i?eeaae?a, ye? canoiniaothoueny ia aeeaei?
aei 6500 i, a oaeiae a noaeiiaeo ? aa?aaiaeo eaai?aoi??yo.

Oea a?n?i iiaeeo?eaoe?e a?aa?oaoe?eieo ciiae?a (oeee?iae?e/ii? ?
noa?e/ii? oi?ie, oaiciiao?e/ieo ? nii?yaeaeaieo i?ciaenaea?iiao?aie, c
aiaeiaiaith ? oeeo?iaith ?a?no?aoe??th neaiae?a) aeey aei??thaaiiy
c/aieaiiy, ayceino?, iano/i? caeaoiino?, aeeneiaoe?? a?oioo o
i?e?iaeiiio noai?; i?eeaaee ?a?no?aoe?? ? ia?iaee ?iioeuen?a ciiae?a;
aeeaieiaiaei? i?iaia?aea??ieee o?oa/anoiai ? a?aeoa?iiai oei?a aeey
aeeo/aiiy c?ace?a aeiiiiai a?oioo; aeaa aeaee noaeiiaeo aaioaoi?/ieo
iiaeoe?a aeey aecia/aiiy iii?o ?oeioaaiith, iaa?oaeueiiio c??co,
c/aieaiiy, eooa aioo??oiueiai oa?oy, eeieino?, aea/aiiy e?oieia?? oa
?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiiieo a?oio?a; eiiiainaoe?eia i?aea?nea iiaeaeae
?iai/eo i?aai?a, yea aeeeth/a? iioeaee aei??thaaiue i?e ea/oe? noaeia
aei 5 6 aae?a; aaoiiaoeciaaiee eiiieaen aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo
i?ioean?a caiea?eeieo, aoae?aaeueieo ? aei?iaei?o iaoei; aaoiiiii? ?
noaoe?iia?i? i?eno?i? ? i?eeaaee aeey cai?o, caa??aaiiy, ia?aaea/? ?
ia?iaee oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a iaoei.

sse i?aeaiaei? iin?? aia?aoo?e aeei?enoaii aeeaieiaiaei? aoene?oaai?
oioi- ? oaeaa?c?ei? onoaiiaee ? aaiaeonoe/i? eiiieaene aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia, oioii?iaia?aea??ieee oa ?io? caaeeai?
i?eno?i?. Ca aeiiiiiaith aeacaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy i?iaaaeaii ?nieoe: ia
iaoo?ieo i?aeaiaeieo a?oioao i?ae /an iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo ?aen?a; a
noaeiiaeo eaai?aoi??yo ia c?aceao a?oioo, aeeo/aiiai c aeeaeie; a
noaoe?iia?ieo aa?aaiaeo eaai?aoi??yo, aeey /iai aeei?enoaii
caia?ao?iiaai? iiiie?oe oiiaii iac?oeiiaaiiai aeiiiiai a?oioo.

?ic?iaeaii iia? iaoiaee, i?eno?i?, caniae aei??thaaiiy, ye?
aeicaieythoue a aacia?a?aiiio ?aaeei? i?iaiaeeoe iiooe ? ?ica?aeeo
?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei, ioe?ithaaoe i?oei?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? ii??
?oeioaaiith iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o a?oio?a o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, a oaeiae
iaea?aeoaaoe i?io?e? oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee ca caaeaiei ia?o?ooii. Oea
ieai??oth/a onoaiiaea, yea i?ecia/aia aeey ia?o?ooiiai aei?iaoaaiiy
aeiiieo a?oio?a c caaeaiith aeene?aoi?noth ca /anii ? a?aenoaiith,
aeeaieiaiaei? oaiciiao?e/i? ciiaee, aaoiiiiiee i?eno??e c oeeo?iaith
?a?no?aoe??th neaiae?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee oeio
inaaee?a ca aoia?aiaie aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy, iaoiae
niaeo?iciiaeueiiai oioia?aooaaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia, oa a?aeiia?aeia
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ?ici?ciaaaiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei, ui caeyaathoue ia
aeiii?e iiaa?oi?, ? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?o ?a/iaiai neeaaeo. Aeey ioe?iee
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?oioiaiai oiio ?ic?iaeaii aoene?oaaiee
aeiiiee ?ica?aeiee ? aeeaieiaiaei? ?ne?iao?e, i?ecia/ai? aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a nenoaiao aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy i?aeaiaeieie
a?oioi?ic?iaieie iaoeiaie.

Iaoiaee ? oaoi?/i? caniae ?ic?aoiaaii ia ?iaioo c ai?oo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai noaeia, yea ?ooa?oueny c? oaeaee?noth 1 3 aocea
(0,5 1,5 i/n). Aiie aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? cieceoe
o?oaei?ie?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?nueeiai aeia ia iaeneiaeueieo aeeaeiao,
caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaio aenieoaoaoe?th iaoei i?ae aiaeith i?e
aeenoaioe?eiiio ea?oaaii?. Iiaecio ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ? oaoi?/ieo
cania?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a ? i?ioean?a aca?iiae?? c
ieie iaoai?ci?a a?oioi?ic?iaieo iaoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii 15 aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie ? iaoaioaie ia aeiaoiaee.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae ? iii?o ?oeioaaiith
i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaiaeieo
a?oio?a, aei?iaoaaiiy i?eno?i?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy ?o
oa?aeoa?enoee i?iaaaeaii a noaoe?iia?ieo eaai?aoi??yo ia c?aceao aeiiieo
a?oio?a, a oiiaao ii?nueeeo iie?aii?a ? c ai?oo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
noaeai i?ae /an ?aen?a a ?aeiie iaeaooiueiai aeaeiaoaaiiy aeeaieiaiaeieo
ei?enieo eiiaeei.

Eaai?aoi?i? aenia?eiaioe c oeee?iae?e/iei ? noa?e/iei ?iaeaioi?aie
i?iaaaeaii ia oaea?iiio noaiae? eii?iaiai oeio. Aeei?enoaii iaoo?iee
a?oio ??cii? eiinenoaioe?? ? aieiaino? oa a?oio, iiaeaeueiaaiee ?c
noi?o? ??/eiaiai i?neo, iieioi? aeeie ? aa?aoaiiiai ianea. Iao?ieia?/i?
?nieoe aeeiiaii ca aeiiiiiaith i?eeaae?a o??ie A?theue ? Euea? (Aeai?y).
sse noaiaea?oio aia?aoo?o canoiniaaii ?ioaoe?eiee a?neiceiao? Rheotest-2
(I?ia//eia) oa oeee?iae?e/i? /ioe?ueioeiiaoaa? e?eeue/aoee ? ieine?
ooaiie, anoaiiaeai? ia aaioaoi?/ieo iiaeoeyo. Ii??aiyeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy
ayceino? cae?eniaii ca noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith i?eno?i?i
eiion-ieanoeia ? oeee?iae?e/iei i?eno?i?i a?neiceiao?a, a c/aieaiiy ?
eooa aioo??oiueiai oa?oy – iaoiaeii iaa?oaeueiiai c??co ca AINO
21719-80.

Iaoo?i? aei?iaoaaiiy i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a i?iaaaeaii ia iie?aiiao iiaeeco
i. E??iay, Ea?/, Aaeaiaeaeee, Iiai?in?enuee c iiioii?a ? iaeioiiaaeieo
noaeai. A?aei?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeeeo a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy a?oio?a ?
aecia/aii o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? ??cieo oei?a aeiiieo inaaee?a.
I?iaaaeaii a?ey 1200 aei?iaoaaiue aeia i?eeiaiaeieo iie?aii?a. Aeey
eiio?ieth oa?aeoa?enoee i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a, iaea?aeaieo o i?e?iaeiiio
noai?, aeeo/aee i?iae oiiaii iac?oeiiaaii? no?oeoo?e ? aeine?aeaeoaaee
?o a eaai?aoi??? noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeaie. Oe? ae c?acee a?oioo
aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aecia/aiiy ?o iii?o ia
aaioaoi?/ieo iiaeoeyo.

Ii?nuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia aeiiieo a?oioao Aaeo?enueeiai,
*i?iiai ii??a ? Oeoiai ieaaio. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?ic?iaeaii?
aia?aoo?e, i?eno?i?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy aoee iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaii aei
?nioth/i? oaoiieia?? ii?nueeeo ?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo ? aaio?ce/ieo
?ia?o. Oae, ?aae?ciaaii ?aeath aaoi?a i?i aeei?enoaiiy e?aee?oth/iai
aaioaaeo-?ica?aeieea i?e oioii?iaia?aeai?? ia ii?nueeiio aei? ye
aeao/eea i?oeiino? a?oioo. Oea aeicaieeei iaea?aeoaaoe a eiaeiiio i?noe?
aei?iaoaaiiy i?e aeene?aoi?e ? ia?o?ooi?e oioiceiioe? ca aeiiiiiaith
aoene?oaaieo aia?ao?a iaeii/anii aei o?ueio iieaciee?a: oioia?ao?th
ii?nueeiai aeia ia i?noe? aei?iaoaaiiy a?oioo a iac?oeiiaaiiio noai?
(aei iiiaioo aeeo/aiiy i?iae); ia?aiao?e eiai a?aa?oaoe?eiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy; c?acee aeiiiiai a?oioo (i?e aeei?enoaii? oioionoaiiaie ia
aac? o?oa/anoeo aai a?aeoa?ieo i?iaia?aea??iee?a) aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?o
aiae?co ia ai?oo noaeia aai a aa?aaiaeo eaai?aoi??yo.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee aaeaeaaoi?noue
?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy ? iii?o ?oeioaaiith
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo. Ia ?en.3 iieacai? inoeeeia?aie ciiaeoaaiiy
i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a a?aa?oaoe?eiei noa?e/iei ciiaeii, ca yeeie aecia/aii
aaee/eie ?o aeeiai?/ii? no?oeoo?ii? ayceino?, c/aieaiiy, aeeiai?/ii?
i?oeiino?, aeeneiaoe??. Iaea?aeaii noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?aeaiaeieo a?oio?a, iiaoaeiaaii
a?noia?aie ?o ?iciiae?eaiiy. ?ic?aooieia? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?oio?a,
aecia/ai? o i?e?iaeiiio noai?, ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie, iaea?aeaieie
noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeaie a iaaeao 12 % ca c/aieaiiyi ? 15 % ca ayce?noth
i?e aeia??/ee a??ia?aeiino? 0,95.

Ii?? ?oeioaaiith aeine?aeaeaii ia ??cieo oeiao iaoo?ieo a?oio?a,
aeeth/ath/e aiaeiiane/aiee oaoiiaaiiee ioe, n??o /i?iiii?nueeo aeeio,
aeeaieiaiaei? ieaai?/i? inaaeee (ei?e/iaao iaeii??aeio ? caieenoo aeeie
oa ?i.), ??/eiaee aiaeiiane/aiee noaeeiie, ieanoe/io aeeio. Canoiniaaii
ieai Aiena aeey /ioe?ueio ia?ai?iieo ? o?ueio ??ai?a aa??thaaiiy A4 .
Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue e?eoa???a, yea aeey an?o i?ia
i?aeaiaeiiai a?oioo ia? iaeiaeiaee aeaeyae: . O
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei (19) ? (20) neea iii?o a?oioo

(24)

?en.3. Oaea?i? ?iioeuene a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ciiaeo o aa?oiueiio oa??
aeeaieiaiaeieo inaaee?a: 1, 2 – ??aeeioaeo/? inaaeee (aeoeaiee oa?); 3,
4 – i’yeiieanoe/i? ioee c aeeth/aiiyie i?ioa?e?a; 5, 6 – aeeieno?
ieanoe/i? a?oioe; 7 – iae?oiii?oiee aaiiye; 8 – aacaeueo. – /an
caio?aiiy ciiaea a a?oio; ; – /an iiaoi?ieo oaea??a

?en.4. A?aei?ii?noue oa?aeoa?enoee inaaee?a c aeeaeiith caeyaaiiy: 0 –
c/aieaiiy; Fi – ieoiia neea ??caiiy; – aonoeia; W – aieia?noue

Aeey ?iciianthaeaeaiiai aeiaaeeo, eiee ? (oiaoi i?ae
iiai?noth caio?aii a caa?e), c o?aooaaiiyi cia/aiue Q ? K iaea?aeaii

(25)

Iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo cia/aiue nee iii?o iaoo?ieo
a?oio?a ia ia?aaeuothoue 20 %, i?e oeueiio e?eoa??? iiae?aiino?
i?eeiathoue cia/aiiy 0,01

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