EUeA?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? ?AAIA O?AIEA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 1 (091)

IAEANTHE AAEEIA AIAAeAI?AIA

?AeA? NOI?*II? O?EINIO?? O A*AII?

A?EAI??ss NEIAI?IAeE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.05 — ?noi??y o?einio??

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

EUeA?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?iai? ?. E?ei’yeaae/a IAI
Oe?a?ie (A?aeae?e o?einio?? eoeueoo?e)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaooaa Ia??y Aanee?aia,

?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?iai? ?.
E?ei’yeaae/a,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo o?einio??
eoeueoo?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?aoanthe Ia??y A?eai??aia,

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai??? aea?aeaae
? i?aaa

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe,
aeioeaio

Eiiaecueieea Aieiaeeie?
Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?aaia O?aiea

aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? o?einio??

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — ?inoeooo o?einio?? IAI Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.
Neiai?iaee

(252001, Ee?a, aoe.
O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea 4)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 14 ea?oiy 1999 ?., i 15 aiae., ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35. 051. 02 o
Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (290000, i.
Euea?a, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea,1)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (290000, i.
Euea?a, aoe. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 5)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “____” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo

iaoe, aeioeaio
A.I.Aeaienaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oe?a?ia nueiaiaei? oi?io?oueny ye
noaa?aiia aea?aeaaa, ia?ainienethth/e nai? ieioea, ona?aeiiethth/e
iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaioae?oaoo, iaoe?iiaeueii?
nai???aeiino? e naiiaooiino?. Aaaeeeai i?ine?aeeoaaoe an? aoaie
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?, iniaeeai o?, eiee a
noni?euenoa? iaioaaa ianiie?e ? oain, ethaeeio ioiiethaaa a?ae/ae ?
aaciaae?y. Oiae? ieneeoae? ooeaee aeooiaieo i???ioe??a, i?aaioee a oaeee
ia??iae aeacaoe ethaeei? oeyo aei ii?yooieo e noni?eueii? ceaaiaee.

Iiooee aiaeia?a aei iei?oiuei? noni?eueii? neooaoe?? i?eaiaeyoue ian o
neeaaeiee ia??iae OV??? no. — aiioo inoaoi/ii? ao?aoe aaoiiii?? Oe?a?ie,
cae??ia/aiiy ?? ianaeaiiy, c?oeioaaiiy iieioo naiaiaee — Caii??cueei?
N?/?. Iaa?oue o oeae aei?noieee ia??iae ?noi??? ethaeeia ia ao?a/aea
iioei?cio, iiooee ii?yooieo i?eaiaeeee ieneeoae?a aei oe?eaaeo ?
i?ea?iaeueieo ?aeae, ye? aeyaeyeeny ia eeoa ?yo?aieie, a e
ia?niaeoeaieie c oi/ee ci?o aeooiaiiai ?icaeoeo ethaeeie.

Iaeaeaeaoi?oei oe?a?inueeei ieneeoaeai OV??? no. caneoaeaii aaaaea?oueny
A?eai??e Neiai?iaea. A?i iinoaaea o oeaio?? nai?o o?einionueeeo
?icaeoi?a ethaeeio, ooeaa oeyo?a aei ?? ii?yooieo naia ye Ethaeeie —
?noioe aeui?, aiaiiiae?aii?, eio??e aeey a?ae/oooy uanoy ia caie? ia
aeineoue aaaaonoaa, ii/anoae ? aenieeo iinaae, a iaea?eueoa iio??aiee
aeooaaiee ie? oa ceaaiaea a noni?euenoa?.

A/aiiy A. Neiai?iaee i?eaa?oa? iniaeeao oaaao iaoiai no/anieea oiio, ui
aiii ni?yiiaaia ia ?ioaineo?eaoe?th aioo??oiueiai aeeooy ethaeeie, eio?a
ia ia? iii?e a iaaeieeoiueiio na?o?. Oeyo aei uanoy i?ieyaa?, ia aeoieo
ieneeoaey, /a?ac ii?aeueia aaeineiiaeaiiy ethaeeie. Oeei coiiaeth?oueny
i?eoaiaiiee o?einio?? A. Neiai?iaee ia?niiae?ci, ui noaaeoue o oeaio??
oaaae aeeao ethaenueeo iniaeno?noue, ? aeeiai?ci, caaaeyee yeiio aoooy
iniaenoino? ciaeueiao?oueny ye aacia?a?aia oai?aiiy ethaeeiith naaa
naii?. C?icoi?ei, ui oe? i?iaeaie nueiaiaei? oaeeththoue eiaeio ethaeeio
cie?aia, ye ? noni?euenoai acaaae?. Aoooy ethaeeie aenooia? o
o?aeooaaii? Neiai?iaee ia?aaeon?i ye ii?aeueia ae?yiiy. A?i iaa/a?, ui
aa?iii?y ethaenueeiai aoooy caeaaeeoue a?ae aeio?eiaiiy eiaeiith
ethaeeiith i?eioeeio “n?iaeii?” i?aoe?, a iniia? yeiai eaaeeoue
caeaaei?noue aeie? ethaeeie a?ae ?? i?e?iaeieo iaoee?a. AEeoe ca?aeii c
i?e?iaeith, i? a /iio ?e ia noia?a/eoe — oea aoa aeaa?c iiai?,
iao?aaeeoe?eii?, ia iaiaaeaii? aeiaeieie aeiaiaie aoeee,
caoe?eaaeai?noue yeith o /ane A. Neiai?iaee (ia eeoa a Oe?a?i?, a e o
?a?ii? a oe?eiio) i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iiioey?i?noth e iiaaoi?nueeeie
oaiaeaioe?yie oai??a aaaaoueio ?a?iiaenueeeo o?einio?a-ii?ae?no?a OV?? —
OV??? no. (O. Oa?oa, E. A?aana, TH. E?in?y, A. A?ioe?y oa ?ioeo). Iaoiai
no/anieea a oaeiio aoe/iiio a/aii? i?eaaaeth? ia?aeiiaiiy, ui ethaeeia,
i?ciaaoe nai? i?e?iaei? noeeueiino?, a?iaeaeai? caaeaoee, c(ynoaaaoe, ia
ui aiia caeaoia, caeiaoeia aecia/aia ?e i?e?iaeith i?noea a
noni?euenoa?, yeei ? aoaea caaeiaieaia. Naia oaea a?ae/oooy naaa ia
a?aeiia?aeiiio, “nii??aeiaiiio” i?noe? e i?eiineoue ethaeei? no?eea
uanoy.

Oae? ?aea? iiioey?ieo ? a ?a?ii?, e a Oe?a?i? o /ane Neiai?iaee aoe/ieo
oai??e iani?aaae? aoee nai???aeiei iiiiaeaiiyi aoeee noi?oeecio,
iniaeeai I?ciuei? Noi?, iaeaecia/i?oeie i?aaenoaaieeaie yei? aoee
Naiaea, Ia?e Aa?ae?e, Ai?eoao. C ?aeayie noi?/ii? o?einio??
ia?aaoeothoueny a?eueo?noue oac a/aiiy A. Neiai?iaee.

Nie?ath/enue ia caii/aoeiaaio a noi?/i?e o?einio?? ?aeath i?i
caeaaei?noue aeie? ethaeeie a?ae ?? i?e?iaeieo iaoee?a, oiiae?aithth/e
aeeooy c oaao?ii, a ethaeeio c aeoi?ii, iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith ia
oeyoo aei uanoy A. Neiai?iaea aaaaea? i?ciaiiy ethaeeiith o??? ?ie?, yeo
iaaeaeeia iaoo?a — Aia, ui ? ?aaeena?ii ethaenueei? ae?aie, i?ecia/ea
ethaeei? aei aeeiiaiiy. Oni?o caeaaeeoue ia a?ae aaaeeeaino? ?ie?, a
a?ae ?? a?aeiia?aeiino? aioo??oi?i iaoeeai ? cae?aiinoyi aeoi?a, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue yeiaee?aua ?? c?a?aoe. Caaaeaiiy ethaeeie — ciaeoe oaeo
naith ?ieue, ciaeoe aeey oiai, uia a?aeii c?a?aoe ?? o nai?e ae?ai?
aeeooy. O oeueiio ethaeei? iiaea aeiiiiiaoe eeoa Aia, ioioiaeiaiee,
cae/aeii, c “i?e?iaeith” ethaeeie. ?aeaaeii aeey Neiai?iaee, ye ? aeey
noi?e?a, ? ianaiia?aae ioae?aoeue, oiio o?einio?y a eiai ?icoi?ii? — oea
ia?aaeon?i ioae??noue.

A?ae/oaa?ii nueiaiaei?, ui eiaeiiio c ian, a iniaeeai oei, a /e?o ?oeao
aeiey e?a?i ? ia?iae?a, aaeueie ? aaeueie iaiao?aeia noi?/ia ioae??noue.
Oiio e aeaea?oueny aeooaeueiei caa?iaiiy aei o?einio?? A. Neiai?iaee
naia a oeueiio ?aeo?n? — ye “oe?a?inueeee Nie?ao”, niiioeaiee oiiaaie
aeeooy oiai/anii? ethaeeie, canai?a oa ia?ainieneea ?aea? noi?/ii?
o?einio??, aaeaea naia aiia iaea?eueoa a?aeiia?aeaea ?noi?e/i?e
neooaoe?? Oe?a?ie o OV??? no.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? oaie iieyaa? oaeiae :

— o iaiao?aeiino? ooi/iaiiy i?noey oai?/ino? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee o
na?oiaiio ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiio i?ioean?;

— o aaaeeeaino? aeyao e aiae?co ?aeae noi?/ii? o?einio?? o a/aii?
oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey;

— o iiaeeeaino? c(ynoaaiiy nooiaiy o?ainoi?iaoe?? aioe/ieo ?aeaae?a
“ioae?aoey” a iiiyooy “?noeiii? ethaeeie” A?eai??y Neiai?iaee;

— o iio?aa? a?eueo a?oioiaiiai inieneaiiy eiioeaioe?? Aiaa e ?icoi?iiy
?ae?a?? o a/aii? Neiai?iaee;

— o aaaeeeaino? ?icoi?iiy e aeoeoia/aiiy i?iaeaie ethaenueeiai uanoy e
i?ecia/aiiy ethaeeie ia caie? a oe?a?inuee?e o?einio?? OV??? no.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Caaaeueiee
iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy iia(ycaiee c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
a?aeae?eo o?einio?? eoeueoo?e ?inoeoooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.
E?ei(yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, aaeocaaith oaiith “I?iaeaia ethaeeie a
oe?a?inuee?e o?einio?? OV?-OV???no.”, aea?aeaaieie i?ia?aiaie ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. O?einionueea a/aiiy A?eai??y
Neiai?iaee, eiai ?aeaeiee ci?no aoee ia(?eoii ? i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy
aaaaoueio iieie?iue o/aieo ??cieo e?a?i. *eneaii? aeine?aeieee
iaiaaaeeny c(ynoaaoe oaeiae oai?aoe/i? canaaee eiai oai?/ino?, na?aae
ieo, ianaiia?aae, Ae. Aaaae?e, TH.Aa?aaao, A. Aa?ea, A. Ai?nueeee, A.
Aeaieeaanueeee, A. A?i, I. AEeoaoeueeee, ?. ?aaiuei, TH. Eiueoe, E.
Iaoiiaaoeue, I. Ieoaie/, ?. I??/oe, A. I?aeaiaoeue, Ae. Ieyi/ei, I.
Iao?ia, ?. I?eueaoe, O. Iie?uoe, I. Iiiia, I. ?aaeueei, I.?iaiae/, ?.
Oaaa/ieeia, E. Ooeaeia, Ae. *eaeaanueeee, A. Oayi, I. Oeo?eiia, O.
Oieii, I. ss?aiaiei oa ?io?.

O aeine?aeaeaiiyo oeeo aaoi??a /a?aiiith ieoeith i?inooia? aeoiea, ui
eeoa iaeneiaeueii iiaiee aiae?c e?i?e, ye? iia(ycothoue a/aiiy A.
Neiai?iaee c ??ciiiai?oieie eoeueoo?ieie oa?aie iiia?aaei?o, no/anieo
eiio ? ianooiieo aiio, iiaeiai ? iei? noaiiaeoe iaeei ?c ia?niaeoeaieo
iai?yi?a ?noi?eei- o?einionueeiai neiai?iaeiciaanoaa.

Iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui i?ioyaii iiiaae noie?oiuei? ?noi??? aea/aiiy
niaaeueie A. Neiai?iaee c?iaeaii iaiaei. A iniiaiiio c(yniaaii e?i?? /e
?aea?, ui iia(ycothoue oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey c aioe/iith o?einio??th,
ianaiia?aae a/aiiyi Nie?aoa, Ieaoiia, A??noioaey, Ai?eo?a, Oe?oea?iia,
Ieooa?oa, a oaeiae Ai?aoe?y, Ia?ae?y, Aa?a?e?y, iaiieaoii?e?a oa
i?oaai??eoe?a (?. ?aaiuei, N. Aeeiaeaanueeee, I. Eaooaa, Ae. Ee?ee, I.
?iaiae/, A. ?iiaiaoeue, E. Ooeaeia(.

C’ynoaaiiyi noaaeaiiy A. Neiai?iaee aei A?ae?? oa a/aiue Iooe?a Oea?eae
aecia/aii eiai noaaeaiiy aei o?aaeeoe?e o?enoeyinueei? eoeueoo?e (?.
Aa?iee, I. Eoaa?anueeee, A. I?/ee, ss. No?ao?e, A. Oayi, A. Oeiea?oe(.
Oai?/?noue A. Neiai?iaee inieneth?oueny a eiioaeno? no/anii? eiio
eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei (E. Ooeaeia, Ae. *eaeaanueeee(,
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? o?aaeeoe??, cie?aia i?aaenoaaeaii? a/aiiyi
i?iaoeueeeo i?noee?a oa ?iiaioee?a (Ae. *eaeaanueeee(, a oaeiae ia oii?
o?einio?? e iaoee Iiaiai /ano (I. Ooe?ia(.

A inoaii? o?e aeanyoee?ooy aeinyaiooi ie?aeieo ?acoeueoao?a o aea/aii?
ca(yce?a oai?/ino? A. Neiai?iaee c eoeueoo?ith Ee?anueei? ?on?, a oaeiae
a?aeiioaiiy ?aeae ieneeoaey aei o?einio?? i?ioani??a Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei?
aeaaeai??. Oe?e i?iaeai? i?enay/ai? ia?aaeon?i i?aoe? ?. ?aaiy, A.
Ai?nueeiai, A. I?/ee, ss. No?ao?e, A. Eeoaeiiaa, ?. Caoa?e, I. Eaooae oa
?i.

Oai?aoe/i? aeaea?aea oai?/ino? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee iaiaeii?aciai
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia tha?eaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo. Iniaeeai aaaaoi
aeine?aeaeaiue aena?oethaaee oeth oaio ia eiioa?aioe?? o Oa?eia?,
i?enay/ai?e 250 — e?ooth a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ieneeoaey.
I?iaeiaaeothoue aeine?aeaeoaaoe caaaeaio oaio ? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?, e
o?einioe, i?i ui na?ae/aoue ia??iaee/i? Neiai?iaeeinuee? /eoaiiy o i.
Ia?ayneaa?-Oiaeueieoeueeiio. Iaoa??aee /eoaiue cana?ae/othoue
iiaeaaaeaiee ?ioa?an aeine?aeiee?a aei aeoie?a ? aeaea?ae na?oiaeyaeo
A?eai??y Neiai?iaee.

Na?aae aeine?aeaeaiue ?aeaeieo aeaea?ae oai?/ino? A. Neiai?iaee a
inoaii? ?iee aeae?ey?oueny ii??aiyii iaaaeeea i?aoey I. ?iaiae/a
“Oai?aoe/i? aeaea?aea o?einio?? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee”, iioae?eiaaia ye
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey nooaeaio?a Euea?anueei? aeaaeai??
ienoaoeoa o 1993 ?. Aiia, ia iao iiaeyae, ? ia?oei a?oioiaiei caa?iaiiyi
aei noi?/ieo aeoie?a a/aiiy A. Neiai?iaee. Aaoi? “Iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e” i?ine?aeeiao? o? o?einionuee? aeaea?aea, ia ye?
iieeeea?oueny nai Neiai?iaea, a oaeiae eiai o/eoae? oa o/i?, c iaoith
ni?inooaaoe, ye ieoa aaoi? ?ica?aeee, “noa(?eoeaia iaiaaaiiy anoia?a/
oaeoai iaia(yceiai “aeiaanoe” aaniethoio i?ea?iaeuei?noue o?einio??
Neiai?iaee, a?aie/io c “oooi?yinuee?noth”, a ioaea e i?ei?oeai?noth,
cia?aceoe ieneeoaey iaia(yceiai i?aaenoaaieeii iaoa??ae?cio, ?aeaae?cio,
i?noeoeecio aai i?inoi “naeyinueeei i?ina?oieeii”, ianiiii /e
i?eoeeueieeii ua yeiainue ?ioiai iai?yio a o?einio??”. I. ?iaiae/ iae?a?
eeoa iaeei aniaeo ?c aaaaoiiai?oiino? oai?/eo aeoie?a a/aiiy Neiai?iaee
— ?aeae noi?/ii? o?einio??, i?ioa ia no?eueee naieo aioe/ieo noi?e?a, ye
i?aaenoaaiee?a iainoi?oeecio a ?a?iiaenuee?e o?einio?? OV?? no. — THnoa
E?in?y oa Eania?a Oiiia ? eiai o/i?a. O?niee ca(ycie c ?aeayie
iainoi?oeecio aaoi? “Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e” i?ine?aeeiao? ia oe?
?a?iiaenueei? o?einio?? aiioe A?ae?iaeaeaiiy e ?aoi?iaoe?? (OV? — OV??
no.), a oaeiae a?aoiaioiaaii aeiaiaeeoue ?o aieea ia o?einio?th
iiia?aaeiee?a Neiai?iaee a Oe?a?i?, ianaiia?aae ae?y/?a
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? E. Eiiiiiae/a- Ai?aaoeueeiai, Ae. Ooioaea
(?inoianueeiai), E. Ai?eaiea, ? iniaeeai i?ioani?a o?einio??, eaeoe??
yeiai neooaa A. Neiai?iaea — Iaioeea Eica/einueeiai.

O iaoeiai — oai?aoe/i?e ieiuei? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? niaaeueie A?eai??y
Neiai?iaee i?iaeaiaoe/ieie iinoaaaee ieoaiiy:

— nooiino? oa aaniethoii? i?ea?iaeueiino? aoe/iiai a/aiiy Neiai?iaee,
aeooae?ciaai? a i?aoeyo TH. Aa?aaaoa, ?. ?aaiy, E. Iaoiiaoey, I.
Ieoaie/a, A. I?/ee, I.Ieeei(the, I. ?iaiae/a, E. Ooeaeiaa, Ae.
*eaeaanueeiai, N. Oa?a?a, A. Oeiea?oea oa ?ioeo.

— niaoeeo?ee aoeei-aoiai?noe/ii? eiioeaioe?? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee, ??
nii??aeiaiino? c ?aeayie aioe/ii? o?einio??, a?aeoai?aii? o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo A. A?ia, ?. ?aaiy, O. Caeeaeaeuenueeiai, I. Eaooae, Ae.
Ee?eea, I. Ei?ae, ?. Eoae?eoeueeiai, E. Ieo?iae/a, I. Eanei-Eooethe, ?.
I?no?iai. I. ?iaiae/a, ?. Oaaa/ieeiaa, E. Ooeaeiaa oa ?ioeo.

— o?ainoi?iaoe?? aioe/ieo aoe/ieo oa aen?ieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a
i?aai?caoe?? ethaenueeiai aeeooy a oe?a?inuee?e o?einio??, ?ic?iaeai? a
i?aoeyo N. Aiiaea?y, O. Aie?/aiei, A. Ai?nueeiai, O. Caeeaeaeuenueeiai,
A. Eeoaeiiaa, I. ?iaiae/a, A. ?iiaioey, ss. No?ao?e, O. *aeee oa ?ioeo.

Caaeoi aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaea iaiao?aei?noue aiae?co o??? iaoeiai?
e?oa?aoo?e, yea i?enay/aia aena?oeaiith i?noey ? ?ie? aioe/ii? noi?/ii?
o?einio?? o ?icaeoeo aoe/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee o ?a?iiaenuee?e o?einio??
acaaae?, a oaeiae oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei? aeoiee, cie?aia oi?ioaaiiy
no?eei? ii?aeueii-aoe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? a oe?a?inuee?e o?einio??. Aei
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? ?icaeyaeathoue oe? ieoaiiy, iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe
i?aoe? O. Aianoi?anueei?, ss. Aeiaai?, ?. Aa?ieea, A. Ai?nueeiai, O.
Caeeaeaeuenueeiai, O. Eaiaea, I. Eaooae, A. Eeoaeiiaa, A. I?/ee, I.
?iaiae/a, ?. Noiai?y, ss. No?ao?e, N. Oa?a?a oa ?i.

Aeaye? aniaeoe aieeao ?aeae noi?e?a ia ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
o?einionueei? aeoiee aena?oeai? o aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.
AEeae/aiea, I. Eaooae, I. ?iaiae/a. Aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e inoaii?o
aeanyoee?oue cana?ae/o?, ui i?iaeaia ca(yce?a oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei?
aeoiee c aioe/iith o?einio??th aeiaaa? aeeaoi? ?ic?iaee, c a?aooaaiiyi
iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? o?einio??. Oea noino?oueny, cie?aia,
? o?einionueei? niaaeueie A?eai??y Neiai?iaee, yea a?aeia?aaea? iaaiee
??aaiue oe?a?inueei? i?ioan?eii? o?einio?? OV??? no., a ?? aieea ia
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie a?o/eciyii? o?einionueei? aeoiee aaaeei
ia?aioe?ieoe.

Ia?ic?iaeai?noue ? iaaeine?aeaeai?noue aaaaoueio aniaeo?a, iia(ycaieo
?c aieeaii ?aeae aioe/ii? o?einio??, cie?aia noi?/ii?, ia o?einionueea
a/aiiy A?eai??y Neiai?iaee coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ?o aeaoaeueiiai
?icaeyaeo o aeaiiio aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?.

Ia(?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?aea? noi?/ii? o?einio?? oa ?o a?aeia?aaeaiiy
o oai?/ino? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aoeei-aoiai?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y oe?a?inueeiai
ieneeoaey a ?? iniiaieo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaaeao, ui
a?aeia?aaeathoue ao?eaiiy ? oai?/a canai?iiy noi?/ieo ?aeae.

Iaoa ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iee aiae?c i?e?iaee,
ci?noo noi?/ii? aoeei-aoiai?noe/ii? eiioeaioe??, ?? nioe?aeueii?
coiiaeaiino?, no?oeoo?ieo neeaaeiaeo, nenoaie /eiiee?a, ui coiiaeththoue
?? ?icaeoie o o?einionueeiio a/aii? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee.

Aecia/aia iaoa aeiaaaea a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ica”ycaiiy ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe noi?/io aoeei-aoiai?noe/io eiioeaioe?th;

— c(ynoaaoe nenoaio ieneaiiy aiioe ae?yeueiino? Neiai?iaee, oiai/aniee
iaoeiaee eiioaeno, a yeee aieno?oueny iinoaoue o/aiiai;

— aeine?aeeoe nioe?aeueio coiiaeai?noue ca(yce?a oai?/ino? A?eai??y
Neiai?iaee c? noi?/iith o?einio??th;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe caiice/aiiy e oai?/a inieneaiiy Neiai?iaeith noi?/ii?
eiioeaioe?? ethaeeie-ioae?aoey;

— ia?ainieneeoe i?iaeaio ?icoi?iiy Aiaa e oea?eae o oai?/ino? Neiai?iaee
i?ae aieeaii noi?/ii? o?einio??;

— aeine?aeeoe ca(ycie oai??? “n?iaeii? i?aoe?” Neiai?iaee c? noi?/iei
?icoi?iiyi uanoy ethaeeie;

— iaa?oiooaaoe caeiiii??i?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeae aioe/iiai
noi?oeecio a o?einionuee?e aeoioe? Oe?a?ie OV??? no. acaaae? oa o
o?einio?? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee cie?aia.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa oa aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia ia iniia? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a
(aeaoa?i?iaoe??, nenoaiiiai aiae?co, ?noi?ecio, ?icaeoeo oa ?i.)
no/anii? iaoe?iiaeueii? oa na?oiai? o?einionueei? e nioe?ieia?/ii?
aeoiee. Aaoi? aeei?enoaea ieceo i?aeoiae?a oa ?aeae, ocaaaeueiaiue ?
aeniiae?a a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo o?einio?a ? nioe?ieia?a. O
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? iaoiaeieia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeeeaaeai? o eieaeoeaieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iiiia?ao?yo, noaooyo, ye?
?ice?eaathoue eiei i?iaeai, iia(ycaieo c oaiith. Aeaea?aeueiith aacith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aoe? ?einueeeo noi?e?a — Naiaee, Ai?eoaoa, Ia?ea
Aa?ae?y oa oai?e A. Neiai?iaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a oe?a?inuee?e
iaooe? i?iaaaeaii oe?e?niee aiae?c inieneaiiy Neiai?iaeith aoe/ieo
oai??e aioe/ieo noi?e?a, ?aeiino?oeiaaii nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iee
eiioaeno ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeeo oai??e, aeine?aeaeaii iioieia?/i?,
aiinaieia?/i? oa aen?ieia?/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy noi?eaie ? Neiai?iaeith
iniiaieo ii?aeueieo iiiyoue.

Iniiai? ?aea? oa aeniiaee, ui noaiiaeyoue iaoeiao iiaecio ? aeiinyoueny
ia caoeno, oae?:

— iaa?oioiaaii, ui aioe/ia noi?/ia o?einio?y oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye
iniaeeaa ?noi?e/ia e oai?aoe/ia oi?ia o?einionueeiai a/aiiy i?i ethaeeio
oa oeyoe aeinyaiaiiy iath uanoy;

— aeiaaaeaii, ui a /ane ae?yeueiino? Neiai?iaee a Oe?a?i? ?nioaaa
iniaeeai ni?eyoeeaee a?oio oa ?noi?e/i? oiiae aeey oai?/iai inieneaiiy
?aeae noi?/ii? o?einio??;

— iieacaii, ui aoeei-aoiai?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y A?eai??y Neiai?iaee
cia/iith i??ith ? eia?/iei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ? oai?/ei ia?ainieneaiiyi
aoeee noi?e?a;

— i?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui iiiyooy “?noeiii? ethaeeie” o a/aii? Neiai?iaee
o?nii iia(ycaia c iiiyooyi ioae?aoey o noi?/i?e o?einio??;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iaa?oiooaaiiy neiai?iaeeinueeiai o?aeooaaiiy Aiaa,
?ae?a?? ? oea?eae ia iniia? “i?e?iaeii? ?ae?a??” noi?e?a;

— aeiaaaeaii, ui oai??y “n?iaeii?” i?aoe? Neiai?iaee o?nii iia(ycaia c
eiioeaioe??th noi?e?a i?i ?aeiaiiy ethaeeie c i?e?iaeith ye oeyo
ethaeeie aei uanoy;

— i?iaaaeaii nooo?aa ooi/iaiiy ci?noo oa no?oeoo?e aoe/iiai a/aiiy
Neiai?iaee, eiai i?ea?iaeueiiai ?icoi?iiy Aiaa ? ?ie? oea?eae a aeeoo?
ethaeeie, oeyo?a aeinyaiaiiy uanoy a caiiiio aeeoo?. ?iaeoueny aeniiaie,
ui noi?/ia o nai?e iniia? aoeea Neiai?iaee — oea o?einio?y oe?iiinoae,
nayoeiue, o?einio?y naiaiaee e ethaia?, yea aoea ? ? ia eeoa oai?aoe/iei
a/aiiyi, a e i?aeoe/iei aei?iaiaeacii, ui iaoe?eth? ia aaeineiiaeaiiy
noni?eueiiai aoooy, aeaco? ethaeei? ii?aeuei? i???ioe?e;

— c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aoeei-aoiai?noe/ia oai??y noi?e?a,
ia?ainieneaia Neiai?iaeith, cacaieaia ? i?noeoue aaeeeee aoiai?noe/iee
iioaioe?ae. O oeaio?? oaaae iinoaaeai? i?iaeaie aeooiaiino? ethaeeie, ??
ii?aeueiiai caei?ia(y, ?? oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe??, naiaiaee e
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca na?o ? nai? i?noea a iueiio; iiooeo aeoie?a
aeooiaiino? oa oi?i ?? aeyao.

Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui c?iaeaii
aianie o oai?aoe/iee aei?iaie uiaei aea/aiiy ?ie? aioe/ii? o?einionueei?
niaaeueie, cie?aia aoe/iiai a/aiiy noi?e?a, o ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
o?einio??.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie no/anii? aoe/ii?
iaoee. Ie?ai? aeniiaee iiaeooue noaoe iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioieia?/iiai, aiinaieia?/iiai e aen?ieia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oaiiiai?a
ii?ae?, ?ae?a?eii? a??e, aecenoaioe?eieo i?iaeai o?einio??.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiiaaathoue oai?aoe/ii ia?ainieneeoe iaai?
eiioeaioe?? o?einionueeiai a/aiiy Neiai?iaee, aeeaoa c?icoi?oe
o?aeooaaiiy ieneeoaeai iiiyooy “?noeiii? ethaeeie”, Aiaa ? oea?eae, eiai
oai??th “n?iaeii?” i?aoe? ye oeyo aei aecaieaiiy ethaeeie.

Caeiaoo? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einio??, ?noi??? eoeueoo?e,
niaoeeo?n?a c o?einio?? Neiai?iaee, aioe/ii? o?einio?? oa aoeee a
o/aiaeo caeeaaeao.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy e aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o 2 a?ioo?ao, 5 noaooyo aaoi?a, oacao
aeiiia?aeae, a oaeiae aoee aeeeaaeai? ia 6 iaoeiaeo oa
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: V?? neiai?iaeei?anueeeo /eoaiiyo
(Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1995 ?.), V, V? ? V??? e?oaeeo noieao
“?noi??y ?ae?a?e a Oe?a?i?” (1995, 1996 ? 1998 ??.), iino?eiiae?th/iio
nai?ia?? o Ae?iaiae/? “Aoiai?ci. Ethaeeia. Ii?aeuei?noue. Ethaeeiiciaa/?
/eoaiiy” (1996 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «O?enoeyinoai ?
eoeueoo?a» o Oa?iiiie? ( 1998 ?.).

Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
oai?aoe/ieo nai?ia?ao a?aeae?eo o?einio?? eoeueoo?e ?inoeoooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?. E?ei(yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, ca?oieo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.
Ai?aa/aanueeiai.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Eia?ea iaoeiaiai iiooeo, iaoa e caaaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe??, ?? eiioeaiooaeueia iniiaa iaoiiaeee no?oeoo?o ?iaioe ( 140
noi?.), yea neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/a?oueny
noai ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee, ei?ioei aiae?cothoueny i?aoe? aeine?aeiee?a,
eio?? i?eae?eyee oaaao ?aeayi aioe/ii? o?einio?? o a/aii? A. Neiai?iaee,
oi?ioeththoueny iaoa e iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeacothoueny
oaeiae ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia
iniiaa, aeaea?aeueia aaca, ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia e
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iaaiaeyoueny aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th iniiaieo
?aeae aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “A/aiiy noi?e?a i?i ?aeiaiiy ethaeeie c i?e?iaeith”
aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?aea? noi?/ii? o?einio??, ioa?aeoa?eciaai? aieiai?
iai?yiee oeueiai a/aiiy. Neiai “noi?oeeci” aoeiieia?/ii iia’ycaia c
iiiyooyie “no?ee?noue”, “iacai?ooi?noue”. Oea ia i?inoi oeiea /e iai?yi
o ?icaeoeo o?einio??, a i?e/aoi?noue eiaeii? iniaenoino? aei aecia/aiiai
na?oiaeyaeo, ineoieia?/iiai neeaaeo e niiniao aeeooy.

A?eueo?noue i?eoeeueiee?a oe??? o?einio?? aoee aeo?aeoeyie c? Noiaeo. ?o
aoe/ia a/aiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aei?noeith aeiiaeea?noth aei ethaeeie, a
oaeiae einiiiie?oeciii, aeeeeeaiei noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieie ci?iaie a
aioe/iiio na?o?. I?aea?oioyi aeey a/aiiy noi?e?a aoee ?aea? e?i?e?a,
cie?aia Ae?iaaia, yeee aaaaeaa, ui iiaa?iaiiy ethaeeie aei i?e?iaeiiai
noaio, aea i?aoey ? ?aeeiei aeaaii, a?aee?e? ia?aae iath aanue na?o, ye
??aeiee ae?i, iaeiaeiaee aeey an?o, i?e?iaeiee ? ni?aaaaeeeaee.
Nioe?aeueiith iniiaith ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?aeae noi?e?a a aiioo aee?i?cio
aoee caaithaaiiy Ieaenaiae?a Iaeaaeiinueeiai, ui aenoaaa iiaa aeey
aioe/iiai na?oo iiiyooy ethaeyiino?, aoiaiiino?, ia iniia? yeiai i?aaioa
ia’?aeiaoe e?a?ie e ia?iaee, No?ae ? Cao?ae.

?aeay einiiiie?oecio aecia/eea cia/iith i??ith oa?aeoa? noi?/ii?
o?einio??. O Anana?o? iaio? caeiiii??i?noue, ?aeeiee anacaaaeueiee
ii?yaeie, coiiaeaiee na?oiaei ?icoiii, ioaea ethaeeia iiaeiia
aeio?eioaaoeny eiai caeii?a, aeeoe o a?aeiia?aeiino? c i?e?iaeith.
Anoia?a/ ai?eo?a?cio, yeee aa/ea iaoo ethaeeie o iacaeaaeiino? a?ae
i?e?iaee ? noni?euenoaa, oiaoi o iaaaoeai?e naiaiae? ye a?aeiaaeoaaii?
a?ae na?oo, noi?oeeci aaa/a? iaeaeuo iaoo ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy a
aeeoo?, ocaiaeaeaiiio c caeiiaie i?e?iaee. Iaiiaeeeai ae?aaoe naaa ?c
oiaeo i?e?iaeiiai i?ioeano, oiio iaeaeua ioae??noue ethaeeie iieyaa? a
ona?aeiieaii? i?e?iaeii? iaiao?aeiino?.

Aeia?i/ani?noue ? aeineiiae?noue ethaeeie noi?ee iia’ycoaaee c
?icoi?iiyi iath iai?aii? o na?o? iaaaeaaaiii? iaiao?aeiino?, yea ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae aie? ethaeeie. ?icoi aeiiiiaaa? ethaeei? ona?aeiieoe
iaa?aeai?ioi?noue aeie? e aecia/eoeny uiaei nai?? ioe?iee iiae?e. O
oeueiio iieyaa? ?? naiaiaea, aeaea?aei ?? no?eeino?, aacoo?aioiino? oa
??aiiaaae aeooa. I?iiia?aeoaaia noi?eaie aaci?eno?ani?noue cana?ae/o?
ioae??noue ? iacai?ooi?noue ethaeeie o aeeoo?aeo aei?iaiaoaaiiyo, a ia
aei?noie?noue e i?e/aii?noue.

Noai?eaoe ia?ac ioae?aoey, noi?ee iaae?eeee eiai iaeaeineiiae?oeie
?enaie, oiio a?i iaceaa?oueny aiaiiiae?aiei. Oea ethaeeia — ?aeaae,
yeee, oi/ ? iaaeinyaeiee aeey a?eueoino?, iaeiae neoaeeoue aeey ia?
(a?eueoino?) aei?iaiaeacii. Cie?aia, a neooaoe??, yeo ethaeeia ia
caeaoia iiaioaaoe /e ci?ieoe, noi?ee ?aaeyoue i?aeei?yoeny aeie? e
ai?aei ? a?aeii ianoe na?e o?ano, iaa?oue ia aeiiao ianoaaei iacai?ooii
a?ae?eoe c aeeooy. Noi?/ia o?einio?y, ioaea, a?ae?a?aea aaeeeo ?ieue o
noaa?aeaeaii? ethaeyiino? a ethaeei? ? aeacoaaea e?i?th iiaaae?iee a
oiiaao aeeaieeo nioe?aeueieo e?ec.

Noi?oeeci o ?ei? a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ?iia??? aoa a?aeaieineii
aee?i?noe/iiai noi?oeecio, iaeiae caiaeii iaaoaa? ?noeiii ?einueeeo ?en,
cie?aia o oai?/ino? Ai?eoaoa, Naiaee, Ia?ea Aa?ae?y. O ?einueeiio
noni?euenoa? ? — ?? no. iaioaaee ii?aeueia aeaa?aaeaoe?y, iaaeia??a,
aeiiine, ia?ane?aeoaaiiy, aaeanoaa. O oaeeo oiiaao noi?oeeci
ia?aoai?eany ia i?ina?oieoeueeo o?einio?th, yea ooeaea ?icoiii? iniiae
ii?aeueiiai aeeooy.

Aeena?oaio i?iaiaeeoue ia?aeae? i?ae ia??iaeii e?ece ?einueei? ?iia???
oa /anaie ?icaoeo oea?nueeiai naiiaea?aeaanoaa a Oe?a?i? o OV??? no. —
ia??iaeii inoaoi/iiai c?oeioaaiiy Caii??cueei? N?/?, aaaaeaiiy
e??iaoeoaa, aei?noiei? ia?oae iaae ethaenueeith iniaeno?noth. Ieneeoae?
Oe?a?ie, cie?aia A. Neiai?iaea, ooeaee ii?yooieo aeey ethaeeie ?
ciaoiaeeee eiai o i?iiia?ae? ?cieyoe?? a?ae noni?euenoaa, na?oo,
iaoiaio. Ia a?oio? ?aeaeii? niaaeueie noi?e?a noi?ioaaeany nai???aeia
ae?oa?ia o?einio?y, ao?eaia o a/aii? oe?a?inueeiai Nie?aoa.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Noi?/iee ?aeaae ioae?aoey ? eiioeaioe?y “?noeiii?
ethaeeie” A. Neiai?iaee” ?icaeyaea?oueny ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeei
ieneeoaeai i?iaeaie ethaeeie, ui aeieeaa? ?c noi?/iiai ?aeaaeo
ioae?aoey. A/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey i?i aea? iaoo?e, c yeeo
neeaaeathoueny on? o?e aecia/ai? iei na?oe — iae?ieini — Anana?o,
i?e?ieini — ethaeeia ? neiaie?/iee na?o — A?ae?y, iaaaaeo? ?aeath
noi?e?a i?i eini?/iee Eiain. Iniaeeai ni?aiaaea? c oe??th ?aea?th a/aiiy
A. Neiai?iaee i?i iaaeaeeio iaoo?o, yeo ieneeoaeue ioioiaeith? c Aiaii.
O ?icae?e? i?aee?aneaii, ui Aiaa o?einio o?aeoo? ia a o?enoeyinueeiio
?icoi?ii?, a ye “yeonue oa?iio neeo, ui iianthaeii ?iceeeany ? an?i
aieiae??”, oiaoi ye anana?oi?e ?icoi ? caeii, ui i?aai?ciao? aanue na?o.

Neiai?iaea ioioiaeith? iiiyooy “aeeoe o ceaaiae? c Aiaii” ? “aeeoe o
ceaaiae? c i?e?iaeith”. Aeey oiai, uia noaoe “?noeiiith ethaeeiith”,
o?aaa ceeoeny c? nai?th aiaeanoaaiiith aieath. Ceeooy c aiaeanoaaiiith
aieath aeiaaa? a?ae ethaeeie ae?yoe a?aeiia?aeii c ?? caeiiaie, oiio a
i?ioean? ? a ?acoeueoao? oaeiai ae?yiiy ethaeeia caeiaoaa? aeooaaiee
niie?e, “eo?aae”.

Ooi i?ciaa o nia? “?noeiio ethaeeio”, oie ia?aoai?th?oueny o O?enoa,
noa? “eiai a?aoii ii aeooo”, ia?iaeaeo?oueny caiiai. Ioaea, aeooiaia
ia?iaeaeaiiy ethaeeie a?aeaoaa?oueny /a?ac inyaiaiiy a i?e aiaeanoaaiii?
i?e?iaee, “ni?aaaeiuei?”, “na?oei?” ethaeeie.

Ue?i i?aaio/e iaa/eoe ethaeeio noaoe uaneeaith /a?ac i?ciaiiy
iaaeaeeii?, aeaaeaiii? iaoo?e, Neiai?iaea i???iooaaany, ianaiia?aae, ia
A?ae?th oa noi?/io o?einio?th. Ciaoooaaaoe eia?eith oa iaoo?o?einio??th,
ieneeoaeue ioioiaeiea o?einio?th c aoeeith, ine?eueee aaaaeaa nai?i
caaaeaiiyi iaa/eoe ethaeeio aenoiyoe a oiiaao noni?eueieo eaoaee?ci?a,
caa?aaoe ? nai? ?noai, ? na?e aeooaaiee niie?e, eiee ana iaaeiei
caoeoaeiny ? caa?iaeoaaei ?oeioaaiiyi ethaeyiino? e aoiaiiino?.

C a/aiiyi noi?e?a i?i ?icoiio iiaaae?ieo ethaeeie, yea iiaiaeaeaia c
i?e?iaeith Anana?oo, ni?aiaaea? oaa?aeaeaiiy Neiai?iaee i?i ethaeeio ye
i?e?ina?o, ui ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi iae?ina?oo. Ii?aeiaaoe na?o ethaeeie c?
Anana?oii /a?ac iiiyooy iae?i- ? i?e?ina?oo, oe?a?inueeee o?einio
ae??oea ieoaiiy i?i aeaea?aei ?icoiii? iiaaae?iee ethaeeie. Oaea
aeaea?aei eaaeeoue o nai?e ethaeei?, ai aiia caoiao? o nia? ia eeoa
oe?eee na?o, a e Aiaa ye “?noeiio ethaeeio”. *a?ac iiiyooy “?noeiii?
ethaeeie” Neiai?iaea aeoiaeeoue ia iiiyooy Aiaa, yea o eiai o?einio??
ioioiaeith?oueny c oi?aa?naeueiei Eiainii — caeiiii Anana?oo noi?e?a.

Iniaeeai aeecueeei ? c?icoi?eei Neiai?iae? aeaea?oueny Eooe?e Aiiae
Naiaea, yeee caeeeeaa aeeoe a ceaaiae? c i?e?iaeith. Aeey oaei? ceaaiaee
ia?o ca ana iaiao?aeia i?ciaiiy nai?? i?e?iaee, oiaoi naiii?ciaiiy. Oea
— iaeaaea i?aoey, oiio i?ciaoe naaa ? iiaa/eoe a nia? Aiaa iiaeooue eeoa
aea?ai?, iaeeieoe? — ioae?aoe?. C ?aeaaeii ioae?aoey, aeieaeaiei
Naiaeith, ia? aaaaoi ni?eueiiai “?noeiia ethaeeia” A. Neiai?iaee.
Iaeaeaa ieneeoae? i?iiiioaaee oeyo naiii?ciaiiy aei ii?aeueiiai
aaeineiiaeaiiy, caeeeeaee aei uiaeaiii? iaiieaaeeai? i?aoe? iaae
oi?ioaaiiyi iacaeaaeii? oe?e?nii? iniaenoino?, aei iane?aeoaaiiy
i?e?iaee, aai aei aeeooy o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?icoiii.

Iaeaaiaai?oei ?aanoaii Neiai?iaea, ye ? noi?ee, aaaaeaa ?aanoai aeooa,
ca?aene iioiaeeoue ciaaaaa aei nia?o?. Ioae?aoey ia eyea? nia?oue,
aaeaea i?ooi ia iiaea aooe cao?eiaiei i?e aeeoo?, ? aeaaii aeey
ioae?aoey ? ia i?inoi aeeoe, a aeeoe aeia?i/anii. Nia?oue ? i?e?iaeiith
caeiiii??i?noth, c? nia?oth cieea? eeoa ieioue — ciai?oiy iaieiiea
ethaeeie, a aeooiaia nooi?noue, iniaeno?noue ia cieea?, aiia noa?
iaaooeii ianooiieo iieie?iue.

Neiai?iaea c aaeeeei i??oaoii noaaeany ? aei Ia?ea Aa?ae?y, aaaaoi ?aeae
? aeoiie yeiai ciaoiaeeii o oai?ao oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey. Iniaeeai
eiio ?iiiio? ia?ac ioae?aoey — ethaeeie, ui aeeaa a aa?iii?? c
i?e?iaeith Oe?eiai, nayoi a??eoue o ?icoii?noue i?e?iaee. Ioae?aoeue
ciaoiaeeoue noiaie ? niie?e o nai?e aeoo?, naiicaaeeaeaii?, ui ni?ey?
iaeaai?iaeaeaiith e i/euaiith, caaacia/o? aeooaaiee ie?. Caoiieaiiy
noi?/iith ?aea?th ioae?aoey aenooia? ? a ia?aeeaae? Neiai?iaeith
“Ieooa?oiai? eieaea/ee i?i niie?e aeoo?”, ui iniaeeai ni?acao/ia eiai
a/aiith i?i “?noeiio ethaeeio”, oa oai?o Oe?oea?iia “I?i noa??noue”.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aieea o?einio?? noi?e?a ia ?icoi?iiy A.
Neiai?iaeith Aiaa ? oea?eae” aia?oa c?iaeaia ni?iaa i?iaiae?coaaoe
?icoi?iiy ieneeoaeai Aiaa ? oea?eae, yea ia ni?aiaaea? c
i?oiaeienaeueii-o?enoeyinueeei ?icoi?iiyi ? yea aeaaaei i?ea?ae
oaa?aeeoe i?i aoa?ci Neiai?iaee. Aia o o?aeooaaii? Neiai?iaee —
iaaeaeeia iaoo?a, yea ana oo?eio? ? i?iieco?. Oea noi?/iee anana?oi?e
?icoi, ye caoaaaeo? nai o?einio o oai?? “Ia/aeueiay aeaa?ue ei
o?eno?aineiio aeia?ii?aa?th”. O o?enoeyi a?i ia? ??ci? ?iaia — Aeoo,
Ainiiaeue, Oea?, Ioaoeue, ?icoi, ?noeia. Aeaa inoaii? Neiai?iaea aaaaea?
a?eueo aeanoeaeie aeey aecia/aiiy Aiaa, ? naia oeei a?i aeoaea aeecueeee
aei ?icoi?iiy Aiaa ye anana?oiueiai ?icoio e a?/ii? ?noeie, ye oea aoei
i?eoaiaiia noi?/i?e o?einio??.

Onoaie ae?eiaeo in?a o ae?aeic? “?iciiaa iyoe iooi?eia” Neiai?iaea
a?aeaa?oi nie?aea?eco?oueny c? noi?eaie: Aiaa iiaeia iacaaoe oaeiae
iaoo?ith-i?e?iaeith, a?eueoa oiai — iaa?oue ioioiaeith? eiai c
i?e?iaeieie ?a/aie ? yaeuaie. Aia aenooia? ye caaaeueia caeiiii??i?noue
i?e?iaee, “iaoo?a” anueiai nooiueiai, aacii/aoeiaee ia?a?iue na?oo. Oaea
o?aeooaaiiy Aiaa o Neiai?iaee aeaaaei i?ea?ae oaa?aeeoe i?i eiai
iaioa?ci, ? iaa?oue aoa?ci, oi/a ? aiii anueiai-iaanueiai iniaeeaei
?icoi?iiyi Aiaa ye i?e?iaeii? caeiiii??iino?, ye oea aeieeaa? ?c a/aiiy
noi?e?a.

Noi?/ia ?icoi?iiy Aiaa ye anana?oiueiai ?icoio ni?e/eieei e nai???aeia
noaaeaiiy Neiai?iaee aei o?enoeyinueei? oea?eae oa ?? neoaeeoae?a —
???a?o?? e /aioe?a. Neoaeeoae? eoeueoo iaea?eueoa oo?aoaaeeny i?i
aeio?eioaaiiy ia?yae?a, ieoia iniauaiiy o?ai?a, i?eaooee a?ae
aiaineoae?iue ? ?ae?a?eieo iio?aa. Neiai?iaea aaaaea?, ui ia?yaee, ye?
i?ee?eaathoue aioo??oith aeooiaio ii?iaeia/o neoaeeoae?a, n?thoue
iaiaaenoue ? ?ica?ao i?ae ethaeueie. A?aei?iiino? o eoeueo? aeaaaeaee
neoaeeoae? — Aiaia? oea /oaea e iaiio??aia. Iaeaaaeeea?oeie ? a??a ?
?icoi?iiy Aiaa, aeio?eioaaiiy eiai ni?aaaaeeeaeo caiia?aeae. Ia?yaee e
oea?aiii??, ne?iiai aeio?eioaaiiy yeeo aeiaaa? oea?eaa, ianooue eeo
?iceiee, ia?iia??noai e eeoeai??noai, iaa?oue e?iaii?ieeooy. Aeey
Neiai?iaee aieiaiei ? aioo??oiy a?aeaeai?noue Aiaia?, i?e?iaeia
ia?aeiiai?noue o a???, oiaoi a?ae/oooy Aiaa o nai?e aeoo?.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? — “Oai??y “n?iaeii?” i?aoe? ye
a?aeaieinie noi?/ieo iiooe?a uanoy ethaeeie” ?icaeyaea? aeacai?
Neiai?iaeith oeyoe aei aeinyaiaiiy uanoy. Ue?i aaie?aath/e ca ethaeeio,
ieneeoaeue aeaco? ?e oeyo aei uaneeaiai aeeooy, ooea? ?aeeii iiaeeeaee
aeey ia? o oaeeo oiiaao aeo?ae: i?ciae naaa, naith i?e?iaeo, i?eneooaeny
aei ?? iiaae?iue, aeynie aeey naaa, aei /iai oe ia?iaeaeaiee, niie?eii
caeie oea i?noea ? aoaeao uaneeaee nai oa an? iaaeiei oaaa.

Nai? a/aiiy i?i “n?iaeio” i?aoeth, yea ? eiie?aoecaoe??th on???
o?einionueei? nenoaie ieneeoaey, Neiai?iaea iia’yco? ?c i?e?iaeiith
noeeuei?noth ethaeeie aei iaaiiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino?, yea a?aeiia?aea?
?? ?noeii?e i?e?iae?. Oaea ae?yeuei?noue ? ?noeiia aeeooy, aiia i?inoa,
eaaea, ei?enia e iio??aia. Nai i?ioean oaei? ae?yeueiino? i?eiineoue
a?eueoa caaeiaieaiiy, i?ae ?? ?acoeueoao. Aiia ia aeeiio?oueny ca?aaee
neaae /e aeiaai?iaee, aiia aeieeaa? ?c naii? i?e?iaee ethaeeie. O
“n?iaei?e” i?aoe? a?ae/oaeaia ethaenueea nooi?noue, aaaaea? Neiai?iaea,
iiaa?oa?oueny aei ethaeeie. Ethaeeia ae?? ca aioo??oiueith iio?aaith,
a?ae/oaath/e naaa caeaoiith aei iaaiiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino?, ioaea
“n?iaeia” i?aoey ? nei??oa aeooiaiei aeoii ethaeeie, ae?acii ??
aioo??oiuei? i?e?iaee. Iniiao ceaaiaee a noni?euenoa? Neiai?iaea aaa/aa
a ona?aeiieaii? eiaeiith ethaeeiith i?eioeeio “ia??aii? ??aiino?”, yeee
a?i nai i?iaeaiiino?oaaa iaethieii i?i iaeiaeiaa iaiiaiaiiy aiaeith
??cieo ca ?ii?noth iinoaeei.

Oai??y “n?iaeii?” i?aoe?, ye ? “ia??aii? ??aiino?”, aeeeaaeaia o
oai?/ino? Neiai?iaee, ia?aaoeo?oueny c aeoieaie Oe?oea?iia o oai?? “I?i
noa??noue”. Ooo iniaeeai ?iiiioaaee Neiai?iae? ?icaeoie Eaoiia i?i oa,
ye ethaeei? a?ae/ooe caaeiaieaiiy iaa?oue o oaeiio, caeaaaeiny a,
i?ee?iio a?oe? ye noa??noue. Eaoii ?aaeeoue ciaoiaeeoe ao?oo ? ianieiaeo
a iineeueieo caiyooyo, iniaeeai oeo, ye? ?aeiathoue ethaeeio c
i?e?iaeith — caiea?ianoa?, naae?aieoeoa?, aeiia?aaea?noa?, oaea i?aoey
aeiaea? neee ? niiaith? a?ae/oooyi uanoy.

Oai??y “n?iaeii?” i?aoe? o Neiai?iaee iieyaa? a oiio, ui ethaeeia oeyoii
naiii?ciaiiy aeyaey? naith aiaeanoaaiio i?e?iaeo ? ae?? o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c iath. Ine?eueee ?? i?e?iaea ? /anoeiith anana?oiueiai
aiaeanoaaiiiai Eiaina, oi ae?? oaei? ethaeeie ni?yiiaai? ia anacaaaeueia
aeia?i. Oae? ae?? iiaeooue i?eaanoe ethaeeio aei inyaiaiiy aeooiaiiai
ie?o, niieith ? uanoy, yea Neiai?iaea aaaaeaa iaoith ethaenueeiai
aeeooy. Uanoy a?i o?aeoo? ye i?aeianaiee noai aeoo?, “eo?aae”, eiee
aeooa ianieiaeaeo?oueny aeeooyi.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiththoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa oi?ioethoueny
i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. A?eai??e Neiai?iaea iaa/aany o Ee?anuee?e Aeaaeai?? naia o o? ?iee,
eiee ooo aino?i ona?aeiiethaaeanue iio?aaa inieneaiiy caiiiai
i?ecia/aiiy ethaeeie. A?eueo?noue ae?y/?a oa aeioneiee?a Aeaaeai??
iaiaaaeany c?iaeoe ea?’??o, aeinyaoe aenieeo uaae?a /e oi oea?eiaii?, /e
na?onueei? ???a?o?/ii? ae?aaeie, caneoaeeoe /eie, i?ea?ea?, iinaaee,
iaeiie/eoe ia?oee. Neiai?iaea iaa iaaiaeo ?icaeeaeoeny na?o, iiaoaaoe ?
a Iaoa?ao?c?, ? a ?a?ii?. A?i i?eeoia aei aeniiaeo, ui na?onueea no?oa,
aaaaonoai, i?ea?ea? e ii/ano? ia ?iaeyoue ethaeeio uaneeaith. Ia
iuaneeaeththoue ?? e iaoeia? ciaiiy, eiee ianiie?eia ?? aeooa, eiee
ethaeeia iaaaeiaieaia aeeooyi.

2. Iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiith aeey naiai no/anieea ? aeey naaa naiiai
Neiai?iae? aeaeaeany o?einio?y noi?e?a, ?o niie?eia aaee/ ?
aacoo?aioi?noue, a, ioaea, ai?iiy caeeoaoeny iacai?ooiei o aeeoo?aeo
aei?iaiaoaaiiyo. Ianiie?ei? /ane ia Oe?a?i? anioe?thaaeeny c aiioith
?einueei? ?iia???, iniaeeai /anaie Aaaonoa e Ia?iia, eiee ethaenueea
aeiey caeaaeaea a?ae i?eioe oe?aia. Neiai?iaea i?a i?iaanoe aiaeia??
cae??ia/aii? e iiiaaieaii? Oe?a?ie c oeie aei?noieeie /anaie, a?i aa/ea,
ui ethaeeio ia ?yoothoue a?ae iauanoy i? ?? ciaiiy, i? aenie? iinaaee.
Oiio ieneeoaeue i?ioenoaaea ?i noi?/io iacai?ooi?noue ? no?ee?noue,
ethaeei? c iaoiaio a?aeiia?aea? o eiai a/aii? «?noeiia ethaeeia» —
noi?/iee ioae?aoeue, ui ai?? caaeia?eueiyoeny oei, ui aeinyaeia e
aeinooiia. Oaea ethaeeia ?icoi?? i?e?iaeo, aiia aeeaa i?e?iaeieie
iio?aaaie e i?e?iaeiei ?o caaeiaieaiiyi. Aiia uaneeaa, ai ii?aeio?oueny
c Aiaii — ia c Aiaii, yeiai ini?ao? oea?eaa, a c Aiaii — anana?oi?i
Eiainii, eini?/iei ?icoiii, yeee oo?eio? aanue na?o ? iei oi?aaey?.
«?noeiia ethaeeia» — oea aeooiaia ethaenueea ?noai, ni?aaaeiy
ethaeyi?noue o ethaeei?. Eiaeia ethaeeia iiaeiia inyaiooe a nia? oea
?noai, ? ooi inyaioa, oie uaneeaee.

3. I?ae aieeaii noi?/ii? o?einio??, ui aoea iaei??th c aeoie?a
o?enoeyinoaa, A. Neiai?iaea aenoaa? nai? ?icoi?iiy ?ae?a??, oea?eae ?
Aiaa. ?ae?a?y o eiai o?aeooaaii? iinoa? ye ca’ycie ethaeeie c
i?e?iaeith, Einiinii-Anana?oii, ?ae?a?eia ethaeeia ii/oaa?oueny
/anoeieith aii?yaeeiaaiiai iaoai?cio, yeei oi?aaey? «iioaeia» i?oaeeia.
O ethaeei? oaeiae ? oaea iaaeaeeia iioa?iia neea, yea ea?o? iath — oea
Aia. A?i ? anthaee, ana i?iieco? ? an?i oi?aaey?.

Oae?e ethaeei?, yea a?ae/oaa? a nia? iioa?iio i?e?iaeo — Aiaa, Oea?eaa
ia iio??aia. Ia?yaee, eoeueo, ?eooaee — oea, o ?icoi?ii? Neiai?iaee,
oaao?, aeaaaeaiee neoaeeoaeyie eoeueoo aeey aeanii? ianieiaee. Aia o
na?oe? ethaeeie, eiio ia iio??ai? aei?ia? oaoe, ?eiie, ieoi? o?aie, a?i
caaeiaieaiee ne?iii?noth e i?inoith iieeoaith.

Ia oaea o?aeooaaiiy ?ae?a??, oea?eae oa Aiaa, iica noii?aii, aieeioea
o?einio?y noi?e?a. Eiioeaioe?y ?ae?a?? ? Oea?eae o a/aii? Neiai?iaee
iaaaaeo? oyaeaiiy ia?oeo o?enoeyi, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei ea?oaaeeny
noi?/iith e i?oaai??enueeith o?einio??th.

4. Oe?eeii ii-noi?/iiio inieneth? Neiai?iaea eiioeaioe?th ethaenueeiai
uanoy. Oaea uanoy — o ?aeiaii? c i?e?iaeith, o i?ciaii? a nia?
i?e?iaeiiai ia/aea — noeeueiino? aei iaaii? i?aoe?. Oai??y «n?iaeii?”
i?aoe? o a/aii? Neiai?iaee caeeaeo? ethaeeio c i?e?iaeith, ?iaeoue ??
/anoeiith aaeeeiai eini?/iiai iaoai?cio, yeei oi?aaey? Aia.

5. Oaeei /eiii, A?eai??e Neiai?iaea ia o?eueee iiaeeaea ? ?icoe?ea
?icoi?iiy uanoy ethaeeie o ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo a/aiiyo nai?o
iiia?aaeiee?a, a e aeacaa oeyoe aei eiai inyaiaiiy a caiiiio aeeoo?,
ia?anaaeeaoe ia oe?a?inueeee a?oio ?aea? noi?/ii? o?einio??.

O ia?niaeoea? aa?oi i?ine?aeeoaaoe inieneaiiy ?aeae noi?/ii? o?einio??
oe?a?inueeeie ae?y/aie eoeueoo?e ye aiioe ?iiaioecio, oae ?
i?aaenoaaieeaie ?ae?a?eii? o?einio?? O?O — OO no.

Oai?/a niaaeueia A. Neiai?iaee iio?aao? ?aoaeueiiai ia?ainieneaiiy e
ia’?eoeaiiai aea/aiiy, ianaiia?aae, o eiioaeno? na?oiai? o?einionueei?
eoeueoo?e.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii a ianooiieo
ioae?eaoe?y:

1. Iaeanthe A.A.

Oai??y “n?iaeii?” i?aoe? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee o eiioaeno? noi?/ieo
iiooe?a uanoy ethaeeie. — Euea?a, 1999. — 19 n.

2. Iaeanthe A.A.

Aieea o?einio?? noi?e?a ia ?icoi?iiy A?eai???i Neiai?iaeith Aiaa ?
oea?eae.- Oa?iii?eue, 1999. — 19 n.

3. Iaeanthe A. A.

Aia, ?ae?a?y ? oea?eaa o ?icoi?ii? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea. Na??y 10: O?einio?y, aeiiii?ea, nioe?ieia?y. ?1.
Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — N. 8 — 12

4. Iaeanthe A. A.

?aeaae ethaeeie a oai?ao A?eai??y Neiai?iaee oa Naiaee // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea. Aei. V??. Na??y: ?noi??y: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. — Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — N. 193 — 199.

5. Iaeanthe A. A.

Naiii?ciaiiy A?eai??y Neiai?iaee ye oeyo aei ?aeiaiiy c i?e?iaeith aeey
aeinyaiaiiy uanoy // A?niee Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. O?einionuee?
iaoee. Aeione 1. — Euea?a, 1998. — N. 38 — 45.

6. Iaeanthe A. A.

I?e?iaeia ?ae?a?y oa oea?eaa o nenoai? iiaeyae?a A?eai??y Neiai?iaee //
Iaiae??aaoeue. ? 1. — Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — N. 44 — 47.

7. Eaooaa I. A. , Iaeanthe A. A.

?aea? noi?e?a o oai?/ino? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee // VII Neiai?iaeeinuee?
/eoaiiy. Ca??iee i?aoeue ca iaoa??aeaie iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
(Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeee, o?aaaiue, 1996). — E., 1996. — N. 5 — 13.

8. Iaeanthe A. A.

Aiaeanoaaiia i?e?iaea ethaeeie ye iniiaa eiioeaioe?? “n?iaeii?” i?aoe?
A?eai??y neiai?iaee // Aei 200 — e?ooy ??caeaa O?enoiaiai. O?enoeyinoai
? eoeueoo?a. Ca??iee i?aoeue ca iaoa??aeaie I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? “O?enoeyinoai ? eoeueoo?a”. Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — N. 128 —
130.

9. Iaeanthe A.A.

?aea? noi?e?a ye i?aea?oioy o?enoeyinueei? o?einio?? a Oe?a?i? //
?noi??y ?ae?a?e a Oe?a?i? // Oace iia?aeiieaiue I?aeia?iaeiiai V
e?oaeiai noieo. — Euea?a, 1995. *. 3, — N. 321 -323.

10. Iaeanthe A. A.

Aea?aeaaia oea?eaa o o?aeooaaii? A. Neiai?iaee // ?noi??y ?ae?a?e a
Oe?a?i? // Oace iia?aeiieaiue I?aeia?iaeiiai VI e?oaeiai noieo. —
Euea?a, 1996. — N. 165 — 166.

11. Iaeanthe A.A.

I?i oa?aeoa? a?ae?eii? neiaie?ee o A. Neiai?iaee // ?noi??y ?ae?a?e a
Oe?a?i? // Oace iia?aeiieaiue I?aeia?iaeiiai VIII e?oaeiai noieo.
Euea?a. 1998. — N. 178 — 179.

Iaeanthe A. A. ?aea? noi?/ii? o?einio?? o a/aii? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee.

?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?einionueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.05 — ?noi??y o?einio??. —
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?. O?aiea, Euea?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith ?aeae noi?/ii? o?einio?? o
a/aii? A?eai??y Neiai?iaee. Ia iniia? eiiia?aoeaiiai aiae?co oai??a
noi?e?a oa oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey i?iaiae?ciaaii inieneaiiy
Neiai?iaeith aoe/ieo oai??e aioe/ieo noi?e?a. Aeine?aeaeaii ca’ycie
iiiyooy “?noeiii? ethaeeie” o a/aii? Neiai?iaee c? noi?/iei ?aeaaeii
ethaeeie-ioae?aoey oa aieea “i?e?iaeii? ?ae?a??” noi?e?a ia o?aeooaaiiy
Aiaa ye Anana?oiueiai ?icoio oe?a?inueeei ieneeoaeai. ?ice?eoi nooue
a/aiiy A. Neiai?iaee i?i “n?iaeio i?aoeth” ye i?e?iaeio nooi?noue
ethaeeie oa ?? ca’ycie c? noi?/iei ?icoi?iiyi uanoy ethaeeie. C’yniaaii
nioe?aeueio coiiaeai?noue ca’yce?a oai?/ino? Neiai?iaee c? noi?/iith
o?einio??th

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noi?oeeci, A. Neiai?iaea, ioae?aoeue, “?noeiia
ethaeeia”, “n?iaeia” i?aoey, Anana?oi?e ?icoi, Aia, naiii?ciaiiy, uanoy.

Iaeanthe A. A. Eaeae noie/aneie oeeinioee a o/aiee A?eai?ey Neiai?iaeu.

?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeeinioneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.05 — enoi?ey oeeinioee. —
Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ei. E. O?aiei, Eueaia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ?anniao?eaathony eaeae noie/aneie
oeeinioee, iineoaeeaoea iaeiei ec enoi/ieeia o/aiey A?eai?ey Neiai?iaeu.
Ia iniiaaiee eiiia?aoeaiiai aiaeeca i?iecaaaeaiee noieeia e oe?aeineiai
oeeinioa enneaaeoaony iniuneaiea A. Neiai?iaeie yoe/aneeo oai?ee
aioe/iuo noieeia. Enneaaeiaaia naycue iiiyoey “enoeiiiai /aeiaaea” a
o/aiee A. Neiai?iaeu ni noie/aneei eaeaaeii ioae?aoea. Oaeie /aeiaae
i?e?aaiai e Aiao, yaeyaony iineoaeai anaai naiiai niaa?oaiiiai, oiaao
aeiaieuenoaiaaoueny oai, /oi aeinooiii e aeinyaaaii, aeeaao i?e?iaeiuie
ioaeaeaie e i?e?iaeiui eo oaeiaeaoai?aieai, aeeciaiiui eniuoaieyi
i?ioeaiiinoaaeyao noie/aneoth iaiieieaaeiinoue e noieeinoue.

A ?aaioa ?ane?uoi aeeyiea “i?e?iaeiie ?aeeaee” noieeia, eioi?ay auea
iaeiei ec enoieia o?enoeainoaa, ia iiieiaiea Aiaa, ?aeeaee e oea?eae A.
Neiai?iaeie. Ii iieiinoth ?acaeaeyao iiaiea noieeia i Aiaa eae Anaie?iii
?acoia, a ?aeeaey a aai iiieiaiee aunooiaao eae naycue /aeiaaea n
i?e?iaeie. *aeiaae — yoi /anoeoea oii?yaei/aiiiai iaoaiecia, eioi?ui
oi?aaeyao “oaeiay” i?oaeeia — Aia.

Enneaaeiaaii nouiinoue eiioeaioeee “n?iaeiiai o?oaea” A. Neiai?iaeu e a?
naycue ni noie/aneei iiieiaieai n/anouey /aeiaaea, eioi?ia ninoieo a
aaeeiaiee n i?e?iaeie, a iiciaiee naiiai naay, naiaai i?ecaaiey e
ii?aaeae?iiiio o?oaeo. Aaoi? aeieacuaaao, /oi oai?/anee iniuneea
noie/aneoth oeeinioeth, A. Neiai?iaea ia oieueei oaeoaee iiieiaiea
n/anouey /aeiaaea a ii?aeueii-yoe/aneeo o/aieyo naieo i?aaeoanoaaiieeia,
ii e oeacae iooe aai aeinoeaeaiey a caiiie aeecie.

Enneaaeiaaii nioeeaeueioth iaoneiaeaiiinoue nayce oai?/anoaa A.
Neiai?iaeu ni noie/aneie oeeinioeae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noieoeeci, A. Neiai?iaea, ioae?aoe, “enoeiiue /aeiaae”,
“n?iaeiue o?oae”, Anaie?iue ?acoi, Aia, naiiiiciaiea, n/anouea.

Palasyuk H. B. Stoic Philosophy Ideas in Hryhory Skovoroda’s Teaching.

Manuscript. Dissertation is to receive scientific degree of the
candidate of philosophical science following specialization 09.00.05. —
History of Philosophy — Lviv State University, — 1999.

The thesis deals with the research of stoic philosophy ideas in Hryhory
Skovoroda’s teaching. Skovoroda’s realization of antique stoics ethic
theories is analysed on the basis of the comparative analyses of stoics
works and those of the Ukrainian thinker. The relation of the “true
human being” conception with the stoics ideal of “wise-man” as well as
the influence of the stoics “natural religion” on the perception of God
being as the Universal mind by the Ukrainian thinker was investigated.
The essence of Hryhory Skovoroda’s teaching about “related” labour as
the natural essence of human being and its relation with the stoics
understanding of human happiness was investigated. Social stipulation of
Skovoroda’s creative activity ties with the stoic philosophy is
described.

Key Words: stoicism, H. Skovoroda “wise-man”, “true human being”,
“related labour” , Universal mind, God, self-recognition, happiness.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 02. 03. 1999?. Oi?iao 60(84 1/16

Iai?? ae?oe. ?2. Oiiai. Ae?oe. a?e. 1,0.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

RISOGRAPH

A?aeae?oeiaaii ia aeaeaaie/?e nenoai? RA4300

o Oa?iii?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?iai? ?aaia Ioethy

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