IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO I?IAEAI IAOA??AEICIAANOAA

?i. ?.I.O?aioeaae/a

OIIEEA OAIA?A AANEE?AIA

OAeE: 539.2: 543.42: 620.19: 621.762.

?*-NIAEO?INEII?ss AeAOAEOIEO NOAI?A,

IAAAAeAIEO IAOAI?*IITH OA OA?I?*IITH

IA?IAEITH I?E?IE?ENOAE?*IEO NENOAI

01. 04. 07 O?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: ae. o.-i. i., n.i.n. Eaeac?e Ieeiea
Aaa?eeiae/,

?II IAIO, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: /e.-ei?. IAIO, ae. o.-i. i. Aeei/oe Iaey
Aeaaeae?aia,

?II IAIO, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

ae. o.-i. i., n.i.n. A?a/ei
Eaii?ae A?eai?iae/,

?inoeooo o?i?? iiaa?oi?,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: ?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
oioiaeoeaiino?

i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 31 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i _14 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 26.207.01 a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai
iaoa??aeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: Ee?a, aoe.
E?aeeaeai?anueeiai, 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
iaoa??aeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 27_ _ethoiai_ 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iaaea?ii TH.A.

Anooi

O?ce/i? aeanoeaino? i?e?ie?enoae?/ieo nenoai aeeeeeathoue cia/iee
iaoeiaee oa i?eeeaaeiee ?ioa?an. A?aenooi?noue oi?o?eiaaieo iaoiae?a ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeeea? iano?eio iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo iaoiaeieia??
?o aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey c’ynoaaiiy ye i?e?iaee noi?iiaaieo aeanoeainoae,
oae ? caeiiii??iinoae ?o iiaeeo?eoaaiiy ??cieie ciai?oi?ie ia?iaeaie.
Aeaia ?iaioa i?ena’y/aia oaeiio aeine?aeaeaiith iaoiaeii
?*-niaeo?ineii?? ?yaeo ??ciiiai?oieo aeen- ia?nieo c?ace?a, i?aeaeaieo
iaea?eueo aeei?enoiaoaaiei iaoai?/i?e oa oa?i?/i?e ia?iaeai.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?iaeaie o?ceee aeenia?nieo nenoai i?eaa?oathoue oaaao, iia`ycaio c ?o
i?aeoe/iei canoinoaaiiyi a ??cieo aaeocyo iaoee ? oaoi?ee. Io?eiaiiy
oaeeo nenoai c caaeaieie o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie i?aeoe/ii
iaiiaeeeaa aac ?icoi?iiy noo? i?ioean?a, ye? i?io?eathoue a no?oeoo??
iie?e?enoae?a i?e ciai?oi?o aieeaao. Caeaaei?noue o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a a?ae oiia io?eiaiiy noaaeoue ia?aae
aeine?aeieeii caaaeaiiy ?icoi?iiy i?e?iaee oaoiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a ?
ianooiiiai aeei?enoaiiy anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae a i?aeoe/ieo
oe?eyo. Oaea ni?anoaaeaiiy aeaco? ia oa, ui i?e?iaea aeoeaiino?
aeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a iaoiiaeaia iayai?noth a ieo niaoeeo?/ieo aeaoaeoieo
noai?a. Oiio a aeiaaiio oaoiieia?/iiio eaioethao: neioac aeo?aeieo
eiiiiiaio?a i?eaiooaaiiy ?iai/eo nenoai neioac iaoa??aeo — cia/iee
?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue iniaeeaino? aaiethoe?? ?aaeueii? aeaoaeoii?
no?oeoo?e ?iai/i? aeenia?nii? nenoaie.

Oaeei /eiii, aaaeeea? oaoi?/i? oa o?ceei-o?i?/i? i?iaeaie aeoeaiino?
ii?ioe?a o?ainoi?iothoueny o Iineaaeothuaa acioe?iaaiea oaeeo ii?ioeia
inouanoaeyaony /a?ac neie ieo?eaea ia iiaa?oiinoe cia/i? o?ce/i? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeenia?nieo nenoai ? ?ic?iaee iaoiaeieia?? ?o
aeaoaeoineii??.

A caaaeueiiio ieai? iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey? ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
oiieo aeaoaeoio no?oeoo?o (OAeN) aeenia?nieo nenoai, yea aeeth/a? a naaa
aeai? ia o?eueee i?i oi?io ? ?ici??e /anoie, i?i aaaaoi/enaeuei? oeie ?
eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao, aea ? i?i ?o i?inoi?iao
eieae?caoe?th (a ?aieao /anoeiie, aa?aaaoo ? o. ae.). Aaeeea
aaaaoi/enaeuei?noue aeaoaeoieo noai?a ? a?aenooi?noue oi?o?eiaaieo
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iaoiae?a ?o ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? coiiaeth?: a) aeei?enoaiiy
aeniei/ooeeaeo aei iaea?eueo oeiiaeo aeaoaeoieo noai?a o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue; a) ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a ?o ?aeaioeo?eaoe??,
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy i?noeue ?o eieae?caoe??; a) ?ic?iaeo
iiaeaeueieo oyaeaiue i?i caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy ? aaiethoe??
aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e a aeenia?nieo na?aaeiaeuao i?e ciai?oi?o aieeaao,
ye? iiaee a ooi/ithaaoenue aeey eiie?aoiiai iaoa??aeo oa aeaeo aieeao.

A oe?e ?iaio? iniiaiei iaoiaeii aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aea?aii iaoiae
?io?a/a?aiii? niaeo?ineii?? (?*N), a a ?ie? aeiiii?aeieo
aeei?enoiaeaoaaeenue: AI?, ?OA, ?NA, aeaeo?iiia i?ina?/oth/a oa
neaioth/a i?e?ineii?y, aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c oa ?io.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioo aeeaiaii ca athaeaeaoieie oaiaoeeaie ?II IAIO, i?enay/aiei
?ic?iaoe? iiaeo ea?ai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, neioaco i?e?ie?enoae?/ieo
ii?ioe?a (oaie 1.6.2.8.-93-96, 1.6.2.2.-97-99 ) oa ca i?iaeoii I?iiaoee
4.4/409.

Iaoa oa caaea/? ?iaioe

Iniiaiith iaoith aeaiii? ?iaioe ? aeei?enoaiiy iniaeeainoae iaoiaeo ?*N
aeey aea/aiiy no?oeoo?i-oaci-aeaoaeoiooai?thaaiiy o aeenia?nieo nenoaiao
(ia i?eeeaae?: ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2, SiC, Si3N4, BN, A4N, TiO2,
nee?eao?a eaeueoe?th, aeei, oeae?a oa ?o noi?o?a, ui i?aeaeaaaeenue
iaoai?/i?e (?ioaineaia oa o?eaaea iiae??aiaiiy, ae?iaeaiiy a ??aeeiio
acio? oa ?io.) oa oa?i?/i?e (a?aeiaeaiiy, neioac, ni?ae-i??ie?c,
ni?eaiiy oa ?io.) ia?iaeai. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe o niieo/aii? c aeaieie
aeiiii?aeieo iaoiae?a aea/aiiy canoinoaaoe aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeaeae OAeN
aeine?aeaeoaaieo nenoai oa anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?o aaiethoe??.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith ae??ooaaeenue ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Aeine?aeaeoaaeanue aaiethoe?y i?e?ino?oeoo?e aeacaieo aeua nenoai
i?e iaoai?/ieo oa oa?i?/ieo ia?iaeao. Anoaiiaethaaeenue oeie,
eiioeaio?aoe?y, i?noey eieae?caoe??, a oaeiae i?e?iaea ooai?aiiy
aeaoaeoieo noai?a i?e oaeeo aieeaao.

2. ?c canoinoaaiiyi oai??? na?aaei?o ae?aeaeo?e/ieo eiinoaio (ONAeE)
aiae?coaaeenue ii?oieia?/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy aeenia?nieo nenoai i?e
??ciiiai?oieo ia?iaeao.

3. Aea/aeanue ?ieue aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e aeenia?nieo nenoai o i?ioeanao
ianiia?a- iino oa ?icaeaaeenue o?ceei-o?i?/i? i?eioeeie eiino?othaaiiy
iaoa??ae?a ia ?o iniia?.

4. Oi?ioaaeenue oyaeaiiy i?i oiieo aeaoaeoio no?oeoo?o ye ie?aieo
/anoeiie, oae ? aeenia?nii? nenoaie a oe?eiio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia

1. Aeyaeaii aoaeoe iie?ii?o?caoe?? i?e iaoai?/i?e ia?iaoe? (II)
-Al2O3. Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia ?ice?eooy iiaa?oiaai? i?e?io??ueie, ui
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny -Al2O3 -Al2O3 oaciaei ia?aoiaeii.

2. Anoaiiaeaii i?iyaeaiiy ?icoyaoth/eo iai?oaeaiue a iiaa?oiaa?e
iaieiioe? SiO2 ia /anoeieao ea?a?aeo e?aii?th, io?eioaaieo a ?aaeoe??
ea?aioa?i?/iiai a?aeiiaeaiiy. Iieacaii, ui ?o i?e/eiith ?
iai?aeiaa?aioiee oa?aeoa? e?enoae?/iiai ca’yceo i?ae ?ao?oeaie.

3. ?c canoinoaaiiyi ONAeE anoaiiaeaii i?io?eaiiy iine?aeiaii?
ia?aaoaeiae i?e?ie?enoae?/iiai ZnO, i?aeaeaiiai o?eaae?e II: aeo?aei?
aieeiiiae?ai? /anoee — eaac???aiiini? /anoee — /anoeiai oaenoo?iaai?
aa?aaaoe ia iniia? IE?. ?icaeioo? iaoai?cie i?ioean?a, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny i?e oeueiio.

4. Iieacaii ooai?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo Si-N eiiieaen?a i?e iiae??aiaii?
e?aii?th a ??aeeiio acio?. C`yniaaii iiaeaeue OAeN io?eiaieo /anoie oa
onoaiiaeaia ?? ?ieue a i?io?eaii? naiiaeoeaiaaiiai iaoai?cio ?o
iine?aeoth/iai aciooaaiiy.

5. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo ?*N ? aeiiiaithth/eo eiai iaoiae?a ?ic?iaeai?
iiaeae? OAeN /anoie ii?ioe?a ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2, SiC, Si3N4,BN, A4N,
TiO2, nee?eao?a eaeueoe?th, aeei, oeae?a oa ?o noi?o?a a i?ioeanao
??ciiai a?aeo neioaco oa aeenia?aoaaiiy. I?aaenoaaeai? aaiethoe?ei?
iaoai?cie ?o oi?ioaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Io?eiai? aeai? uiaei OAeN aeine?aeaeoaaieo nenoai (ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2,
SiC, Si3N4, BN, A4N, TiO2, nee?eao?a eaeueoe?th, aeei, oeae?a oa ?o
noi?o?a), ye? ?ice?eaathoue i?e?iaeo aeoeaiino? ii?ioe?a, aeicaieythoue
canoinoaaoe ?o aeey ?ica`yceo ?yaeo oaoiieia?/ieo caaaeaiue, ui
noinothoueny no?oeoo?i- oa oaciooai?aiiy i?e ??cieo aeaeao neioaco ye
nai?o ii?ioe?a, oae ? iaoa??ae?a ia ?o iniia?.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa:

1.Oiieea O.A. iiai?noth aeeiiaea aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoiaeii ?*-niaeo?ineii?? aaiethoe?? OAeN ii?ioe?a ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2,
SiC, Si3N4,BN, A4N, TiO2, nee?eao?a eaeueoe?th, aeei, oeae?a oa ?o
noi?o?a, i?aeaeaieo iaoai?/iei oa oa?i?/iei ia?iaeai.

2. A iinoaiiaoe? caaea/?, ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaenii? iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue, a iioi/iiio iaaiai?aii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
?acii c aeena?oaioii i?eeiaee o/anoue ae. o.-i. i. Eaeac?e I.A
oa ae. o. i. Aeaniaa I.A.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ieo?eaeu e iaoa?eaeu ia eo iniiaa”, (?eaa,
1991a.), Aa?iiaenueeiio eiia?an? c ea?ai?ee (?oae?y, 1995a.),
I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Iiaaeoea i?ioeannu e iaoa?eaeu a
ii?ioeiaie iaoaeeo?aee” (Ee?a, 1997 ?.); “TEOTES” (THaineaa?y, 1997);
“Sintering’ 98” (THaineaa?y, 1998). .

Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 15 noaoae.

No?oeoo?a oa ia`?i ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa caaaeueiei ia`?iii 177 noi??iie neeaaea?oueny c
aaaaeaiiy, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ? caeeth/aiiy, 54 iaethie?a, 10
oaaeeoeue, a?ae?ia?ao?? c 184 iaeiaioaaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

A aaaaeaii? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? i?iaeaie, ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?aaenoaaeai?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaii e?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae uiaei iiaeeeainoae
iaoiaeo ?*N, ina?oeaii ?yae ieoaiue iia`ycaieo c iioe/ieie aeanoeainoyie
aeenia?nieo na?aaeiaeu ?, cie?aia, iaeeo /anoie (d<<). I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c noi?niiai ?ica’caiiy ??aiyiue ?ooo ?iiieo i?ae?ao?oie oa ??aiyiue Iaenaaea iieaco?, ui a e?enoaeao iaeiai ?ici??o, e??i ia’?iieo iiae ?nio? na??y iiae, eieae?ciaaieo iiaeeco iiaa?oi?, /anoioe yeeo eaaeaoue i?ae O ? L. I?iaiae?ciaaii oai?aoe/i? iiene iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeenia?niiai na?aaeiaeua: oai??? I?, Iaenaaee-Aa?iaooa oa na?aaei?o ae?aeaeo?e/ieo eiinoaio (ONAeE). ?icaeyiooi ?o canoinoaaiiy aei ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?*-iiaeeiaiiy iaeeie /anoeaie. Iieacaii, ui oai??y I? aeia?a ia?aaeaa/a? iieiaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo i?e?a iiaeeiaiiy a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao, iaeiae aiia ia a?aoiao? i?ae/anoeiao aca?iiae?th. Oaeo aca?iiae?th a?aoiao? oai??y Iaenaaee-Aa?iaooa, aea aiia ia? e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy oaeoi?o caiiaiaiiy f. I?e cia/aiiyo f 0,4 oi?ioea Iaenaaee-Aa?iaooa ? iiaaiei iaaeeaeaiiyi. Iaea?eueo ocaaaeueiaiith ? canoiniaiith ? ONAeE. Oey oai??y a?aoiao? aoaeo iioe/ii? ai?cio?ii??, oi?io /anoie ? ae?aeaeo?e/i? aeanoeaino? na?aaeiaeua. Canoiniaoth/e ONAeE, ca aeaeyaeii ?*-niaeo??a iiaeeeai niinoa??aaoe ca ia?aaoaeiaith ii?oieia?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeenia?nieo nenoai. ?icaeyiooi aca?iica`ycie eieeaaeueiiai niaeo?o c aeaoaeoaie e?enoaeo, iaaiai?ththoueny i?iaeaie, iia`ycai? c iaoaiiaeoeaaoe??th aeenia?nieo nenoai ? iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy aeey oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiaeo ?*-niaeo?ineii??. Iieacaii, ui i?e II a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao c`yaeythoueny oa noaa?e?cothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? aeaoaeoe, eiioeaio?aoe?y yeeo aecia/a?oueny ye aeanoeainoyie ? aeaoaeoiith no?oeoo?ith aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo, oae ? oeiii, ?ioaineai?noth oa o?eaae?noth ia?iaee. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iai?aaeai? ia aeyaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeaoaeo?a ? ?o ?ie? ia ianooiieo aoaiao ia?iaee oa ia anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae oeiaie aeaoaeo?a ? aeanoeainoyie aeenia?nieo nenoai, ye? io?eiothoueny. A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aaiethoe?th i?e?ino?oeoo?e ii?ioe?a ZnO i?e II ? a i?ioean? ni?ae-i??ie?co. Canoinoaaiiy ONAeE aeyaeeinue ae?eiaei ?ino?oiaioii aiae?co ii?- oieia?? aeenia?nieo nenoai. Ci?ia oi?ie /anoie ?icaeyaea?oueny c iiceoe?e ci?ie aeaiiey?eca- oe?eieo oaeoi??a L ? L, oiio ui aeey /anoie ??ciiiai?oii? oi?ie aiie iathoue ??ci? cia/aiiy. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a (?en.1, oaae. 1) aeicaieea ioe?ieoe aaiiao??th /anoie ne?aeoth/ei /eiii. Aeieeiaiiy nioa iiaeeiaiiy c /anoioith 1 = 535 ni-1 e 3 = 488ni-1 oa?aeoa?ii aeey /anoie c ia?aiao?ii oi?ie L/L 2. Nioaa c 2= 510ni-1 a?aeiia?aea? i?eaeecii ??aiiiniei /anoeai aeey yeeo L/L 1, a nioao c 4= 435ni-1 a?aeianaii aei aieeiiiae?aieo /anoie c L/L 3,5-4,5. Aeieeiaiiy oaeeo nioa iiaeeiaiiy oa ?o ?ioaineai?noue a?aeia?aaeo? i?aeaeuaio eiioeaio?aoe?th a?aeiia?aeiiai oeio /anoie. Aeayea iineaaeaiiy nioa 1, 3 ? 4 ? iineeaiiy nioae 2 c? ca?eueoaiiyi oa?i?io II aei 30 oa. (?en.1), na?ae/eoue i?i ciaioaiiy a c?aceo ai?noo iiaeiaaeaieo /anoie ? ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? ??aiiinieo. Ia caoaeaiiy aeenia?niiai neeaaeo /anoie c ?inoii /ano iiae??aiaiiy aeaco? oaeiae ciaioaiiy oe?eie nioae iiaeeiaiiy ia iai?aaenio?: aeo., 3oa. 170ni-1, 30oa. 150ni-1. Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei cieeiaiiy nioa, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey nenoai iaaca?iiae?th/eo /anoie. Iineaaey?oueny caaaeueia ?ioaineai?noue ? aeieeathoue aea? aeinoaoiuei oe?iee nioae i?e = 535ni-1 e = 450ni-1, ui a?aeia?aaea? eieaeoeai? i?ioeane. Oae nioao c = 450ni-1 iiaea aooe a?aeianaii aei aa?aaao?a eaac???aiiinieo /anoie c oaeoi?ii caiiaiaiiy f 0,64. Iaeiae iayai?noue nioae a iaeano? 535ni-1 aeaco? ia i?enooi?noue a c?aceo ieanoei/aoiiiae?aieo aa?aaao?a. Caoaaaeeii, ui iiae?aiee oa?aeoa? iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?*-niaeo??a niinoa??aa?oueny a c?aceao, io?eiaieo ni?eaiiyi ii?ioe?a ieneaeo oeeieo c 30 oa. (?en.1, e?.5). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iieacothoue, ui aeo?aei? ii?ioee yaeythoue niaith aeinoaoiuei oe?ieee iaa?? /anoie ye ii ?ici??o, oae ? ii oi?i?. Iaeiae iniiao neeaaeathoue /anoeiee c L/L 1, 2 e 4. Ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao II ia? i?noea iiae??aiaiiy c?inoe?a ? aeiaaeo /anoie ( 30oa.). I?e ca?eueoaii? /ano iiae??aiaiiy ( 30oa.) ia?aeaeueii ?icaeaathoueny ye i?ioean? iiaeaeueoiai iiae??aiaiiy ? aeaoi?ioaaiiy, oae ? aooiaac?iii? i?ioeane, ye? ni?eythoue eiinie?aeaoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo /anoie. A i?ioean? aooiaac?eii? i?ae/anoeiai? aca?iiae?? oae? /anoeiee eiiiaeoothoueny a iie?e?enoae?/i? aaeiia?aoe, i?oei?noue yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia II. A oaeeo aa?aaaoao ?nio? ca`ycie i?ae eiao?oe??ioii caiiaiaiiy f oa ii?eno?noth : =(1- f) 100%. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe a noeoiiino? c aeaieie aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? aeicaieeee cai?iiiioaaoe caaaeueio noaio aaiethoe?? ii?oieia?? /anoie ieneaeo oeeieo i?e II: aeo?aeia aeenia?nia nenoaia, yea neeaaea?oueny c oe?ieiai iaai?o /anoie ??cii? oi?ie ? ?ici???a iiae??aiaia, yea yaey? niaith, a iniiaiiio, ??aiiini? /anoee aa?aaiaaia a iie?e?enoae?/i? /anoee (aa?aaaoe), i?oei?noue ? oi?ia yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia iiae??aiaiiy ia e?ioeaa?e noaae??. Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia i?eaaaeaia ia ?en.2. Oaaeeoey 1 Iieiaeaiiy oa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iao a ?*-niaeo?ao iaoai?/ii ia?iaeaiiai ZnO, cia/aiiy aeaiiey?ecaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a L oa L ? ia?aiao?a oi?ie /anoie L/L C?acie *anoioe iiaeeiaiiy, ni-1 L LL/ L1, (O) 2, (O)3, (O)4, (O)Aeo?aei.537 510 488 4350,22 0,32 0,2 0,10,39 0,34 0,4 0,451,7 1 2 4,5 = 3 oa.540 515 490 4400,2 0,33 0,2 0,110,4 0,33 0,4 0,452 1 2 4 = 30oa.537 513 485 4420,22 0,32 0,2 0,140,39 0,34 0,4 0,431,7 1 2 3 Ia?aooai?aiiy ?*-niaeo??a a i?ioean? ni?ae-i??ie?co ieneaeo oeeieo c aiaeiiiaoaiieiaiai ?ic/eio oeeieiaiai aoeaoaoo a?aeia?aaeaii ia ?en. 3. ?icoeo?iaea ?*-niaeo??a c aeei?enoaiiyi ONAeE iieaco?, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?? i??ie?co (Oi??.) 873 ? 1073 E aeenia?nio nenoaio iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaa?? neaai aca?iiae?th/eo ai?cio?iiieo /anoie aieiaiee ai?no a yeee aeathoue /anoee c L/L 1, 2 ? 3. Iiyaa i?ney Oi??.= 1173 E nioae c /anoioith 440ni-1 iiaea aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaaii c iiceoe?e oi?ioaaiiy aa?aaao?a ??aiiinieo /anoie c oaeoi?ii caiiaiaiiy f = 0,72. I?enooi?noue iea/a i?e 550ni-1 na?ae/eoue i?i ieiueiiee oa?aeoa? ooai?aiue (a?aeiioaiiy iiia?a/ieo ?ici???a yeeo aei oiaueie 10). Ca?aeii io?eiaieo aeaieo (?OA, aeaeo?iiia i?e?ineii?y, AI?) oae? c?acee ia 95% neeaaeathoueny c ieneaeo oeeieo, yeee eieae?ciaaii a iaieiieao /anoie. Noaia i?inoi?iai-no?oeoo?ii? aaiethoe?? i?e?ino?oeoo?e i?e neioac? ii?ioe?a ZnO iaoiaeii ni?ae-i??ie?co i?eaaaeaia ia ?en. 4. I?ney Oi??.= 773 E a?aeaoaa?oueny iine?aeiaiee ?iciaae Zn5(NO3)2 2H2O 5ZnO + 6H2O + 2NO2, yeee i?eaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy noa?iiiae?aieo /anoie ZnO. ??no e?enoae?o?a a iaiei/oe? noa?e iineoue ino??aeiaee oa?aeoa?. E?enoae?oe ieneaeo oeeieo ??aiiinii? oi?ie, yee ooai?eeenue, /anoeiai ia`?aeiothoueny a aieei- iiae?ai? /anoee, i???ioiaai? a?nnth N ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei iiaa?oi? noa?e (aeea. ?en. 3.). C Oi??.=1073 E i?iyaey?oueny oaiaeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy oaenoo?iaaieo ooai?aiue c a?nnth, ia?aeaeue- iith ?aae?ono noa?e. Aaciaeae?eaiiy a i?ioean? ni?ae-i??ie?co ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith ?iceie?a a iiaa?oi? ionoio?eeo noa?e/ieo ooai?aiue. Oiio, ea?oth/e oaeaee?noth aaciaeae?eaiiy, a oaeiae oiiaaie ?icieeaiiy iiaeia a cia/i?e i??? iiaeeo?eoaaoe no?oeoo?o /anoie, ye? ooai?ththoueny. I?e II a iie?e?enoae?/iiio -Al2O3 aeyaeaii yaeua iie?ii?o?cio. Ia ?en. 5 i?e- aaaeai? ?*- ? AI? niaeo?e aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?ace?a. ?icoe?aiiy oa?aeoa?ieo aeey -Al2O3 nioa iiaeeiaiiy oa ci?ia nioae a iaeano? 500 ni-1 aeaco? ia i?iyaeaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eieo aoa- eo?a. Oae iiyaa ia oii? oeiiaiai niaeo?o AI? ?ii?a Fe3+ a ieoaaae??/iiio iieiaeaii? nea-iaeo c g = 4,27, yeee a?aeiineoueny aei ?ii?a Fe3+ a neeueiiio ?iia?/ii niioai?aiiio e?enoae?/ii-io iie?, na?ae/eoue i?i ia?ao?ae ?ii?a iaoaeo ?ao?oee a ?ioa no?oeoo?ia iieiaeaiiy (c ieoaaae?e- /iiai a oao?aaae?e/ia). Oaea ia?aaoaeiaa ?ao?oee ei?oiaeo a?aeaoaa?oueny a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? /anoie. Aeieeiaiiy iaeao?a ci?uaiiy a ?acoeueoao? ?ioaineaii? iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee noaei iane?aeeii iaaea?aaeaioiino? iiaaae?iee aoiiieo oa??a i?ae ae??th iai?aaeaieo iaaaioaaeaiue. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea cai?iiiioaaoe noaio ia?aaoaeiae ?ao?oee -Al2O3. Aiia iineea cnoaiee oa?aeoa?, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ?ice?eooy i?e?io??ueie ? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny eieaeueiei -Al2O3 -Al2O3 oaciaei ia?aoiaeii, yeee iieacaii ia ?en. 6. Iiae??aiaiiy e?enoae?/ieo ii?ioe?a e?aii?th a ??aeeiio acio? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiyaith ?*-nioa i?e /anoio? 570 ni-1 ? 990 ni-1, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey iaoii?yaeeiaaiiai, ianoao?iiao?e/iiai i?o?eaeo e?aii?th (SiNx). Aa?o/e aei oaaae aeaoaeoio no?oeoo?o /anoie e?aii?th, ciiaie eieae?caoe?? oaeeo noai?a aeyaeythoueny iiaa?oiaa? i?e?io??ueie. Acio a ieo ciaoiaeeoueny o aeaeyae? o?ce/ii oaiini?aiaaieo oi?i. Ianooiia oaiia?aoo?ia ia?iaea (OI) ii?ioe?a a no?oi? acioo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny oi?ioaaiiyi a ciiao iiaa?oiaaeo i?e?io??uei e?aii?th nii/aoeo aii?oii?, a iio?i e?enoae?/ii? oace i?o?eaeo e?aii?th. Ca?aeii aeaiei ?*N a iaeano? iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? ia?iaee i?aaaeth? ooai?aiiy oace -Si3N4. I?ioean aciooaaiiy iineoue naiiaeoeaoth/ee oa?aeoa?, oae ye i?o?eae e?aii?th, ui ooai?th?oueny, caaaeyee ??ciei ia`?iai e?aii?th ? Si3N4 a i?e?io??ueiao ? aeaea?aeii ?oeioaaiiy ia?aeiieo /anoie ? iiyaeaiiy aoi?eiieo i?e?io??uei. Aeine?aeaeaia aeaoaeoia no?oeoo?a /anoie e?aii?th (d 35 iei), ye? i?ieoee aenieioaiia?aoo?io ia?iaeo a acioii-ieaciaiiiio ?aaeoi??. Onoaiiaeaii, ui ooai?ai? /acoee i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith iiiie?enoaeuei? i?e?i/anoeiee c d 0,3 iei a iaiei/oe? ?c i?iaeoeo?a aca?iiae?? Si c iieaeoeaie aaco ieacie (aieiaiei /eiii N2 ? O2). Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy oaeeo /anoie, ui ia?aaeaa/a? oa?iioaea?ia ?oeioaaiiy ia?aeiieo /anoie, iieaaeaiiy ooai?aieo ineiee?a oa oi?ioaaiiy a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? i?iaeoeo?a aca?iiae?? oeio SiNx e SiOx. A?aei?ii?noue ia?aiao??a ?ao?oie e?aii?th oa iiaa?oiaaeo i?iaeoeo?a aeeeeea? iiyao iai?oa a oac? e?aii?th. C ?inoii ai?noo -Si3N4 a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? i?e?iiai?oae c?inoathoue. Ianooiia aciooaaiiy oaeeo ii?ioe?a i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac oa? i?o?eaeo ia iiaa?oi? ? i?ioiaeeoue noaae??: aii?oiee e?enoae?/iee Si3N4. Aeey /anoie e?aii?th, ye? ia i?ioee iiaia aciooaaiiy, aeanoeaa aiaaoioa?iaa aeaoaeoia niaoeeo?/ia no?oeoo?a, ye?e ia?aaeoiiaeth? iayai?noue e?aii??aiai yae?a. A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ci?ie, ye? i?ioiaeyoue a nenoai? SiO2-C i?e OI ? II noi?o?a c ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a (e?aii??aa eeneioa-naoa?ica (1), aa?inee-naoa?ica (2), aa?inee-naaea (3) ). I?e ea?aioa?i?/iiio a?aeiiaeaii? e?aiiacaio ??cii? i?e?iaee oi?iothoueny aeaoaeoi? ii nai?io noaio /anoee ea?a?aeo e?aii?th. Aeey /anoie ea?a?aeo e?aii?th, ye? io?eiaii c noi?o? (1) i?e OI Oia? 1873 E, a ?*-niaeo?ao, e??i oa?aeoa?iiai aeey Si-C ca`yce?a iiaeeiaiiy a iaeano? /anoio 700-900 ni-1, c`yaeythoueny nioae Si-O-C ? Si-O ca`yce?a ( 950-1000ni-1, 1100ni-1, 800ni-1 e 470ni-1). Oea aeaco? ia iacaaa?oai?noue i?ioeano ea?a?aeiooai?aiiy ?, ye iane?aeie, oi?ioaaiiy aeaoaeoieo /anoie ea?a?aeo e?aii?th. *anoee, ye? io?eiothoueny, neeaaeathoueny c aoaeaoeaaiai yae?a, ca iei ne?aeothoue oa? ea?a?aeo e?aii?th oa ciai?oi?e oa? SiOo. Iniaeea?noth ?*-niaeo??a c?ace?a, ye? io?eiai? ia ??cieo noaae?yo ea?aioa?i?/iiai a?aeiiaeaiiy, noaei ci?uaiiy /anoio nioa iiaeeiaiiy a?ae oace v-SiO2. Aiae?c oeueiai ci?uaiiy iieacaa, ui eiai i?e/eiith ? iaoai?/i? iai?oae, yee aeieeathoue a i?ioean? neioaco SiN, caaaeyee ??ciiiai?oiiio oa?aeoa?o aca?iica`yceo i?ae ?ao?oeaie ooai?aieo oaciaeo i?iaeoeo?a. Na?aaeiy aaee/eia iai?oaeaiue, ye? ooai?ththoueny a nenoai? C-SiO2 ?ic?aoiaoaaeanue ca oi?ioeith: = 5.88 Gm 3/2 (fR/b)1/2, aea Gm - iiaeoeue cnoao iao?eoe? (GmSiOwmetafile8? ??Ooo K - iiaeoeue anaa?/iiai noeneo /anoie (aoaeaoeth EN = 5.45 1011Ia; E - iiaeoeue THiaa (ESiOwmetafile8? ??Ioe?iea aaee/eie iai?oaeaiue ? ia?aiao?o , yeee aecia/a?oueny oa?aeoa?ii ca`yceo i?ae /anoeith ? oiiaaie io?eiaiiy aeacaea ia iai?aeiaa?aioiee oa?aeoa? aca?iica`yceo i?ae ?ao?oeaie /anoie aoaeaoeth ? iao?eoe? SiO2. II noi?o? 1 iaoiiaeth? ?icaeoie oa?i?/ieo i?ioean?a. A ?*-niaeo?ao oea i?iyaey?oueny a caoaeaii? nioa iiaeeiaiiy i?e ca?eueoaii? /ano iiae??aiaiiy, ui aea?aaeaioia i?io?eaiith i?ioean?a e?enoae?caoe??. I?e ianooii?e OI noi?o?, yea iiia?aaeiuei i?aeaeaia ei?ioei/aniaiio iiae??aiaiith - ia?ai?ooaaiith, niinoa??aa?oueny ?icoe?aiiy nioa iiaeeiaiiy, a?aeiia?aeath/eo Si-O-S? ca`yceai ? ?o cnoa, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? iiyao iaoai?/ieo iai?oa a nenoai? SiO2-C. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iieacaee, ui II a?aeiia?aeii? o?eaaeino? ?ioaineo?eo? i?ioean ea?a?aeiooai?aiiy, ci?uo? eiai ii/aoie a a?eueo iecueeo iaeanoue oaiia?aoo? ii??aiyii c aeo?aeiith noi?ooth. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aeo?aeiiai noaio eiiiiiaio?a ia ea?aioa?i?/ia a?aeiiaeaiiy aeyaeei eiai aieea ia ii/aoie ea?a?aeiooai?aiiy (aeea. oaae. 2). Iaeieae/a oaiia?aoo?a ii/aoeo ea?a?aeiooai?aiiy a?aei?/aia aeey noi?o? (1) (O1700 E), iio?i aeey (2) (O1800 E), a naia aeniea - aeey (3) (O2000 E). Oaaeeoey 2 Ioe?iea i?e?iiaiaeii?iaeiino? /anoie -SiN ca aeaieie ?*N NeeaaeOea?aeaeiooa Edn?., iei a, ii*anoioa ?*-iiaeeiaiiy, ni-11(LO)2(OO) aeni.2(OI) ?ic?. = 1 - 2H2SiO3+ naoa?. 17000,5-50,439492584084485Aa?in.+ naoa?. 18000,1-10,440190082582975Aa?in.+ naaea 20001-100,4386950850850100 Aeey ii?ioe?a ea?a?aeo e?aii?th, io?eiaieo c ??cieo noi?oae, aeyaeaii, ui oi?ia nioae Si-N ca`yce?a a?ae??ciy?oueny. ?? aiae?c, i?iaaaeaiee a ?aieao ONAeE, i?aeoaa?aeea ?nioaaiiy aoaeaoeaaiai yae?a a ea?a?aeieo /anoeao. ?ici?? eiai ci?ith?oueny ne?aeoth/ei /eiii. A /anoeao SiN, ye? io?eiaii c noi?o? aa?inee-naoa?ica, i?enooi? naia iaea yae?i, a /anoeao, ye? io?eiaie c noi?o? e?aii??ai? eeneioe ? naoa?ice - na?aaei? yae?i, a c aeey aa?ineeo ? naaee - naia aaeeea. Ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo /anoio iiaeeiaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie ia?aiao??a ?ao?oee SiN aeaei caaeia?eueia ni?aiaaeaiiy (aeea. oaae. 2). A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ?acoeueoaoe ?*N aeine?aeaeaiue ooai?thaaieo oaciaeo i?iaeoeo?a a i?ioeanao aciooaaiiy ( noi?o? SiO2-C ? A2I3-N), II oa OI nenoai SiO2-CaI, A4N-O?I2 a ?aieao oaoiieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a. ?*-oaciaee aiae?c i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?ioe?a i?o?eaeiooai?aiiy aeeth/a? a naaa eaioetha ia?aooai?aiue: SiI2 aeaoaeoiee ca eeniai SiI2 ienei?o?eae e?aii?th aii?oiee Si3N4 e?enoae?/iee Si3N4. Ooai?aiiy ienei?o?eae?a e?aii?th noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiyaith nioa iiaeeiaiiy a iaeano? /anoio 850-1080 ni-1. Aaaaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeii?oie (NH4OH, NH4Cl, CH3COOH) ia noaae?? i?eaiooaaiiy noi?oae Si-N ?ioaineo?eo? i?ioean aciooaaiiy. Ci?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeeo oac caeaaeeoue a?ae iiia?aaeiuei? iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? ia?iaee ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiiaio?a N/SiI2. Ii nai?e aeaoaeoi?e aoaeia? /anoeia i?o?eaeieo /anoie ai?ua? aoaeaoeaaa yae?i, a ?io? aeyaeythoueny aac’yae?iaeie. Oa?aeoa? i?o?eaeiooai?aiiy a nenoai? B2O3-C-N caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e ieneaeo ai?o ? iniaeeainoae oa?iiaeano?oeoe?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe, ye? ? iinoa/aeueieeaie aenieiaeenia?niiai aoaeaoeth. Aaaaeaiiy ia noaae?? i?eaiooaaiiy noi?oae ai?ia eeneioa - naoa?ica ai?aea, oei?enoiai aiii?th, eiioeaio?iaaii? ioeoiai? eeneioe i?eaiaeeoue aei oi?ioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ii aeaoaeoiino? i?ii?aeieo oac (B2O3 B6O B4C) ? aei oaiia?aoo?iiai cnoao ii/aoeo i?o?eaeiooai?aiiy. Aeiaaaee e?o?th (LiCl, LiOH, LiCO3) i?eaiaeyoue aei aaeueioaaiiy ?aaeoe?eii? caeaoiino? aoaeaoeth. Ca aeaieie ?*-niaeo?ineii?? i?e OI oaeeo noi?oae ooai?ththoueny ai?aoe e?o?th neeaaeo 18-20% iie. Li2I. Naia oi?ioaaiiy ai?ao?a e?o?th ia?aoeiaeaea? a?aeiiaeaiith A2I3 ? ea?a?aeiooai?aiith i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao. I?ney ?iceeaaeo ai?ao?a (Oia? 1473E) ?ioaineo?eothoueny i?ioeane a?aeiiaeaiiy, a iio?i ? i?o?eaeiooai?aiiy. Oaciooai?aiiy a nenoai? SiO2-CaI, yea i?aeaeaia iiae??aiaiith a aiaeiiio na?aaeiaeu?, iaoiiaeaii oi?ioaaiiyi niaoeeo?/ii? iiaa?oiaai? aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e /anoie SiO2, a naia, iiaa?oiaaeo i?e?io??uei, caiiaiaieo aii?o?ciaaiith oacith - aaeai e?aii?aai? eeneioe. Oe? ciie ? oeaio?aie ca?iaeaeaiiy a?ae?inee?eao?a eaeueoe?th ? aeaea?aeii i?e?iiai?oaeaiue. Ooai?aiiy a?ae?inee?eao?a ??ciiai neeaaeo iaoiiaeaii eieaeueieie eiioeaio?aoe?eieie ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie SiO2/CaI. ?o iiyaa i?eaiaeeoue aei ?oeioaaiiy ia?aeiieo /anoie SiO2 ia a?eueo ae??ai? c aeaniith nenoaiith i?e?io??uei. Iiae??aiaiiy aiaaoieiiiiiaioii? nenoaie ia iniia? SiO2-CaI (Iiaoaenueeiai oeaeo) noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi aeenia?niino? eeoa aei a?aeiia?aeiiai /ano ( 600 nae.). Oeueiio i?ioeano a?aeiia?aea? ??no ?ioaineaiino? nioa iiaeeiaiiy Si -O - Si ca`yce?a ? ?o caoaeaiiy. I?e a?eueo o?eaaeiio iiae??aiaii? niinoa??aa?oueny cai?ioiy ea?oeia, yea a?aeiia?aea? i?ioeano aa?aaoaaiiy /anoie. ?icoe?aiiy nioae i?e 1000 ni-1 ? iiyaa iea/a, a iioei nioae i?e 1440 ni-1 a ?*-niaeo?ao aeaco? ia oi?ioaaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai a?ae?inee?eaoo. A?aei?/aii, ui iaa?oue ei?ioei/ania iiae??aiaiiy oeaeo a aiae? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiyaith nioae a?ae?inee?eao?a, a a?aeiia?aeii, ca`ycoth/eo aeanoeainoae a oae?e nenoai?. Aiae?c iaoiaeii ?*N no?oeoo?ii-oaciaeo ia?aooai?aiue a noi?oao aeeia - Iiaoaenueeee oeae, ye? i?aeaeaii OI a ae?aiacii? 1200 -1600 E, iieacaa, ui iniiaieie oacaie ?: -eaa?oe, e?enoiaae?o, aaaeaiaa?a?o, aii?oeo, ioe?o. Ci?no aeaieo oac aecia/a?oueny ?aaeeiaie OI ? neeaaeii noi?oae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?niothoue a?aeiia?aei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeaeo oa aeeie, ye? caaacia/othoue ni?eyoeeae oiiae ooai?aiiy oa e?enoae?caoe?? oace aii?oeoo. Oe? ?acoeueoaoe ciaoiaeyoueny a iiai?e a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeaieie ?OA. ?*-niaeo?e oa?iiia?iaeaieo noi?oae SiC-oeae yaeythoue noia?iiceoe?th niaeo??a aa- aeaiaa?a?oo oa ea?a?aeo e?aii?th. Iiyaa nioae iiaeeiaiiy i?e 1080 ni-1, yea a?aeiineoueny aei aaaeaiaa?a?oo, aeaco? ia oi?ioaaiiy eaioethaiaeo no?oeoo?, a nioae i?e 1200 ni-1- ia ooai- ?aiiy no??/eiaeo no?oeoo?. Oaeeie ? aieanoii?oia? eaioethae oeio (Si6O17), aeey yeeo eooe Si-I-Si i?noeiaeo ca`yce?a iaaeeaea?oueny aei 180. I?e ca?eueoaii? Oia?. ? /ano aeo?eiee c?ace?a ?ioaineai?noue nioa, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue eaioethaiaei ? no??/eiaei no?oeoo?ai, ?inoa. Iaeiae oaea i?ney Oia? 1373 E a iniiaiiio niinoa??aa?oueny oa?aeoa?iee aeey aaaeaiaa?a?oo niaeo? iiaeeiaiiy. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a i?ioean? OI a?aeaoaa?oueny ieeneaiiy /anoie ea?a?aeo e?aii?th ? ia ?o iiaa?oi? oi?io?oueny aaaeaiaa?a?o. ?*-aiae?c oaci- oa aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a nenoai? A4N-O?I2 iieacaa, ui aeo?aei? ii?io-ee ea?a?aeo ai?o, e??i oa?aeoa?ieo nioa A-N ca`yce?a ( 705, 1090, 1550ni-1) iathoue nioae, ye? oa?aeoa?i? aeey A-I ca`yce?a. OI a aaeooi? oaeiai A4N noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cnoaii nioa A-N ca`yc- e?a a aeiaaioaeeueiao iaeanoue /anoio. Oea aeaco? ia ciaioaiiy ai?noo aoaeaoeth a ea?a?ae? ai?o a iiaa?oiaaeo oa?ao. C caeaaeiino? = f (N) ai?no aoaeaoeth a oaeeo oa?ao neeaaea? 2-6%. Aeo?aei? ii?ioee O?I2 i?aaenoaaeai? oacith ?ooeeo. Iiyaa nioa a iaeano? 1380-1680 ni-1 ? 900-1100 ni-1 a oa?iiia?iaeaieo c?aceao a?aeiia?aea? ??ciei iiaa?oiaaei noaiai aaeni?aiaaiiai I2, a a ae?aiacii? 400-600 ni-1 - aeaco? ia iayai?noue O?I ? O?2I3. Oea oa?aeoa?eco? i?ioean a?aeiiaeaiiy O?I2. A noi?oao A4N-O?I2 c ?inoii Oia?. a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie, ye? iia`ycai? c ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueiei i?ioeanii. Ia iiaa?oi? ea?a?aeieo /anoie ?aea iaeiie/aiiy ai?o, ia iiaa?oi? /anoie ?ooeeo - O?I2-o, oiaoi noai?ththoueny ia?aaeoiiae aeey iiaeaeueoi? aeoea?caoe?? ?aaeoe?? i?aeoacii? aca?iiae??. Caaaeuei? aeniiaee 1. Iieacaii, ui aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oiiei? aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e i?e?ie?enoaee/ieo nenoai, i?aeaeaieo ??ciiiai?oiei ia?iaeai iiaeeeaa aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo ?*-niaeo?ineii?? ?acii c aeiiiaithth/aie eiai iaoiaeaie. 2. C aeei?enoaiiyi oai??? na?aaei?o ae?aeaeo?e/ieo eiinoaio ?icaeiaii noaio aaieth- oe?? oiiei? aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e ii?ioe?a ieneaeo oeeieo, ye? i?aeaeai? II oa io?eiai? iaoiaeii aeaooiioieiaiai ni?ae-i??ie?co. Anoaiiaeaii i?io?eaiiy i?e II iine?aeiaii? ia?aaoaeiae nenoaie: aeo?aei? /anoee eaac???aiiini? /anoeiai oaenoo?e?iaai? aa?aaaoe ia iniia? IE?. ?icaeiaii iaoai?cie i?inoi?iai-oaciai-no?oeoo?ieo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny. 3. I?e ?ioaineai?e II iie?e?enoae?/iiai -Al2O3 aeyaeaii yaeua iie?ii?o?cio, yea a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e ia?aaoaeia? ?ao?oee ei?oiaeo, ? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith eii?aeeiaoe?? /anoee ?ii?a iaoaeo c ieoaaae?e/ii? a oao?aaae?e/io. Cai?iiiiiaaii noaio ?ice?eooy iiaa?oiaai? i?e?io??ueie, yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny -Al2O3 -Al2O3 oaciaei ia?aoiaeii. 4. Iieacaii, ooai?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo Si-N eiiieaen?a i?e iiae??aiaii? e?aii?th a ??aeeiio acio?, c’yniaaia iiaeaeue OAeN oaeeo /anoie oa ?? ?ieue a i?io?eaii? naiiaeoeaiaaiiai iaoai?cio iine?aeoth/iai ?o aciooaaiiy. 5. I?e neioac? ea?a?aeo e?aii?th c noi?oae SiO2-C aeyaeaii iiyao ?icoyaoth/eo iai?oaeaiue a iiaa?oiaa?e iaieiioe? SiO2 ? anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e/eiith ?o ? iai?aeiaa?aioiee oa?aeoa? aca?iica`yceo i?ae ?ao?oeaie. 6. C aeei?enoaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a ?*N aeine?aeaeaiue nenoai: ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2, SiC, Si3N4, BN, A4N, TiO2, nee?eao?a eaeueoe?th, aeei, oeae?a oa ?o noi?oae ?ac?iaeaii iiaeae? OAeN /anoie a i?ioeanao neioaco (ea?aioa?i?/ia a?aeiiaeaiiy, ieaciio?i?/iee neioac, ni?ae-i??ie?c, oa?iiia?iaa ia?iaea) ? ??cieo aeae?a II. I?aaenoaaeaii aaiethoe?ei? iaoai?cie ia?aaoaeiae iacaaieo nenoai. 7. I?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?*N aeine?aeaeaiue a ?aieao oaoiieia?/ieo ?ic??c?a ia?a?aoi-aaieo nenoai iieaco?, ui aeaiee iaoiae aeicaiey? niinoa??aaoe ca ii/aoeiaeie aoaiaie ?ic?eao noa?eo ? oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo ca’yce?a, ca?iaeaeaiiy nii/aoeo iaeioii?yaeeiaaieo (?aioaaiiaii?oieo) oac, a iio?i ? ?o e?enoae?caoe??, aeyaeyoe ia`?ii? oa iiaa?oiaa? aniaeoe aca?iiae?? oa oaciooai?aiiy. Ci?ia ?ioaineaiino?, oe?eie, oi?ie, iieiaeaiiy nioa iiaee-iaiiy aeicaiey? io?eiaoe aaaeeeao ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei aieeao ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ye ia ci?io oaciaiai neeaaeo, oae ? ia aeaoaeoio no?oeoo?o /anoie ? iaoa??ae?a ia ?o iniia?. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao: 1. Aeaniaa I.A., Eaeacae I.A., Oiieea O.A. e ae?. Ia?aciaaiea ea?aeaea e?aiiey a ?aaeoeee ea?aioa?ie/aneiai ainnoaiiaeaiey e?aiiacaia. // Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. - 1989. - ? 9. - N. 57-62. 2. Eaeacae I.A., Ieiaeia A.I., Oiieea O.A. e ae?. Aeaoi?iaoeeiiiua yooaeou a i?ioeanna neioaca ii?ioeia ea?aeaea e?aiiey. // Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. - 1991. - ? 6. - N. 69-73. 3. Aa?oieoeeay O.N., Aeaniaa I.A., Oiieea OA. e ae?. ?ieue no?oeoo?iiai oii?yaei/aiey enoiaeiuo eiiiiiaioia a ia?aciaaiee ieo?eaea ai?a. //Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. - 1991. - ? 6. - N. 54-61. 4. Vlasova M.V., Zadiraka Yu.V., Tomila T.V. et ell. Peculiarities of formation of calcium hydro- silicates used in agueous emulsion coatings. //Silic. Industr. - 1992. - ? 9-10. - ?. 141-148. 5. Aeaniaa I.A., Eaeacae I.A., Oiieea O.A. e ae?. Aeeyiea enoiaeiiai ninoiyiey eiiiiiaioia neioaca a ?aaeoeee ea?aioa?ie/aneiai ainnoaiiaeaiey ia no?oeoo?o /anoeoe ea?aeaea e?ai-iey: 1nenoaia ay?inee-naoa?ica. // Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. - 1993. - ? 4. - N. 64-73. 6. Aeaniaa I.A., Eaeacae I.A., Oiieea O.A. e ae?. Aeeyiea enoiaeiiai ninoiyiey eiiiiiaioia neioaca a ?aaeoeee ea?aioa?ie/aneiai ainnoaiiaeaiey ia no?oeoo?o /anoeoe ea?aeaea e?aiiy: 2 nenoaia ay?inee-naaea. // Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. - 1993. - ? 7. - N. 54-61. 7. Aa?oieoeeay O.N., Aeaniaa I.A., Eaeacae I.A., Oiieea O.A. e ae?. Naienoaa ii?ioeia e?aiiey, iieo/aiiuo eciaeue/aieai a aeeaeeii acioa. //Iai?aai. iaoa?. . - 1993. - O. 29, ? 7. - N. 894-897. 8. Aa?oieoeeay O.N., Aeaniaa I.A., Oiieea OA. e ae?. Ia?aciaaiea aunieiaeenia?niiai ieo?eaea ai?a i?e ea?aioa?ie/aneii ainnoaiiaeaiee a i?enoonoaee niaaeeiaiee eeoey. //Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. - 1993. - ? 1. - N. 64-73. 9. Eakazey N.G., Tomila T.V. The occurence of polymorphism during mechanical treatment of pojycrystal -Al2O3. //Sci. of Sintering. - 1994. - V. 26, ? 3. - ?. 293-298. 10. Bartnitskaya T.S., Vlasova M.V., Tomila T.V. et ell. The role of silicon-particle defect structure during lov-temperature nitriding. //J. Mater. Sci. - 1994. - V. 29. - P. 1701-1706. 11. Aeaniaa I.A., Eaeacee I.A., Oiieea O.A. e ae?. ?ieue iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee nenoaiu SiO2-C a aeoeaaoeee i?ioeanna ea?aeaeiia?aciaaiey. //Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. - 1994. - ? 11-12. - N. 43-50. 12. Vlasova M.V., Bartnitskaja T.S., Tomila T.V. et ell. Mechanism of Si3N4 nucleation during carbothermal reduction of silica. //J. Mater. Sci. - 1995. - V. 30. - P. 5263-5271. 13. Vlasova M.V., Kilimnik A.A., Tomila T.V. et. ell. Properties of ceramics on base of mixtures “clay-slag of ferro-nickel process”. //Ceram.Acta. - 1997. - P. 128-133. 14. Vlasova M.V., Kilimnik A.A., Tomila T.V. et. ell. Acid-resistant ceramics formation on the base SiC and metalurgical slag. //Europ. Ceram. Sci. Conf. - Italy. - 1996. - P. 265. 15. Aeaniaa I.A., Eaeacae I.A., Oiieea O.A. e ae?. No?oeoo?a ii?ioeia e?aiiey iinea ieaciioeie/aneie ia?aaioee. //Iai?aai. iaoa?. - 1997. - O. 33, ? 5. - N. 519-523. Oiieea O.A. ?*-niaeo?ineii?y aeaoaeoieo noai?a, iaaaaeaieo iaoai?/iith oa oa?i?/iith ia?iaeaie i?e?ie?enoae?/ieo nenoai. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.07 - O?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea. ?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Iaoiaeii ?*-niaeo?ineii?? aoei aeeiiaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aaiethoe?? OAeN aeenia?nieo i?e?ie?enoaee/ieo nenoai ia i?eeeaae?: ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2, SiC, Si3N4, BN, B4C, TiO2, nee?eao?a eaeueoe?th, aeei, oeae?a oa ?o noi?o?a, ui i?aeaeaaaeenue iaoai?/i?e oa oa?i?/i?e ia?iaeai. ?c canoinoaaiiyi ONAeE aiae?coaaeenue ii?oieia?/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy aeenia?nieo nenoai i?e ??ciiiai?oieo ia?iaeao oa ?icaeaaeenue iaoai?cie i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny. Aeyaeaii aoaeoe iie?ii?o?caoe?? i?e II oa cai?iiiiiaaii noaio ?ice?eooy iiaa?oiaai? i?e?io??ueie, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny -Al2O3 -Al2O3 oaciaei ia?aoiaeii. Anoaiiaeaii oa c’yniaaii i?e?iaeo i?iyaeaiiy ?icoyaoth/eo iai?oaeaiue a iiaa?oiaa?e iaieiioe? SiO2 ia /anoeieao ea?a?aeo e?aii?th. Iieacaii ooai?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo Si-N eiiieaen?a i?e iiae??aiaii? e?aii?th a ??aeeiio acio?. C`yniaaii iiaeaeue OAeN io?eiaieo /anoie oa onoaiiaeaia ?? ?ieue a i?io?eaii? naiiaeoeaiaaiiai iaoai?cio ?o iine?aeoth/iai aciooaaiiy. Aea/aii ?ieue aeo?aeii? aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e aeenia?nieo nenoai a i?ioeanao ?o ia?aaoaeiae i?e ciai?oi?o aieeaao. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?*-niaeo?ineii?y, i?e?ie?enoae?/i? nenoaie, oiiea aeaoaeoia no?oeoo?a (OAeN), oai??y na?aaei?o ae?aeaeo?e/ieo eiinoaio (ONAeE). Oiieea O.A. EE-niaeo?ineiiey aeaoaeoiuo ninoiyiee, iaaaaeaiiuo iaoaie/aneie e oa?ie/aneie ia?aaioeie iee?ie?enoaeee/aneeo nenoai. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.07 - Oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea. Einoeooo i?iaeai iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiey IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. A ?aaioa naeaeai eeoa?aoo?iue iaci? ii aiciiaeiinoyi iaoiaea EEN, inaauai ?yae aii?inia, naycaiiuo n iioe/aneeie naienoaaie iee?ie?enoaeee/aneeo n?aae e, a /anoiinoe, iaeuo /anoeoe (d<<). I?iaiaeece?iaaiu oai?aoe/aneea iienaiey iioe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeenia?niie n?aaeu: oai?ee Ie, Iaenaaee-Aa?iaooa, n?aaeieo aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo eiinoaio (ONAeE) e eo i?eiaiaiea e EE-iiaeiuaieth iaeuie /anoeoeaie. ?anniio?aia acaeiinaycue eieaaaoaeueiiai niaeo?a n aeaoaeoaie e?enoaeea, ianoaeaeathony i?iaeaiu, naycaiiua n iaoaiiaeoeaaoeeae aeenia?niuo nenoai e aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaiaiey aeey oaeeo enneaaeiaaiee iaoiaea EE-niaeo?ineiiee. ?anniio?aia yaiethoeey iee?ino?oeoo?u ii?ioeia ieneaea oeeiea i?e iaoaie/aneie aeoeaaoeee e a i?ioeanna ni?ae-ie?ieeca. I?eiaiaiea ONAeE yaeeinue aaaeiui ?aoaieai i?e aiaeeca ii?oieiaee iieo/aiiuo aeenia?niuo nenoai e iicaieeei ?acaeoue noaio yaiethoeee oiieie aeaoaeoiie no?oeoo?u ZnO. Onoaiiaeaii i?ioaeaiea iineaaeiaaoaeueiie ia?ano?ieee nenoaiu: enoiaeiua /anoeoeu eaace?aaiiiniua /anoe/ii oaenoo?e?iaaiiua aa?aaaou ia iniiaa IE?. ?acaeou iaoaieciu i?ienoiaeyueo i?ioeannia. I?e iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioea a iieee?enoaeee/aneii -Al2O3 iaia?oaeaii yaeaiea iieeii?oecia, i?ienoiaeyuaa i?e ia?ano?ieea ?aoaoee ei?oiaea, nii?iaiaeaeaaiie eciaiaieai eii?aeeiaoeee /anoe eiiia iaoaeea ec ieoayae?e/aneie a oao?ayae?e/aneoth. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia iicaieee i?aaeeiaeeoue noaio ia?ano?ieee ?aoaoee -Al2O3. Iia iineo naeaeaiaue oa?aeoa?, /oi i?eaiaeeo e ?ane?uoeth iee?io?aueiu e nii?iaiaeaeaaony eieaeueiui - Al2O3 - Al2O3 oaciaui ia?aoiaeii. Iieacaii ia?aciaaiea iiaa?oiinoiuo Si-N eiiieaenia i?e eciaeue/aiee e?aiiey a aeeaeeii acioa, auyniaia iiaeaeue oiieie aeaoaeoiie no?oeoo?u oaeeo /anoeoe e aa ?ieue a i?ioaeaiee naiiaeoeae?iaaiiiai iaoaiecia iineaaeothuaai eo acioe?iaaiey. I?e auno?ii i?ioiaeaeaiee e?oiiuo (ieiei 35 iei) /anoeoe e?aiiey /a?ac auniei- oaiia?aoo?ioth ciio acioiie ieaciu, iie, ?acei iieaaeyynue, ?ac?ooathony (ii ieineinoyi 111), e a iiaa?oiinoiii neia iaeeeo /anoeoe ia?acothony i?iaeoeou oeia SiNx e SiOx. ?ac-ee/ea ia?aiao?ia ?aoaoie e?aiiey e iiaa?oiinoiuo i?iaeoeoia aucuaaao iiyaeaiea iai-?yaeaiee a oaca e?aiiey. N ?inoii niaea?aeaiey - Si3N4 a iiaa?oiinoiii neia iee?iiai- ?yaeaiey ?anooo. Iineaaeothuaa acioe?iaaiea oaeeo ii?ioeia inouanoaeyaony /a?ac neie ieo?eaea ia iiaa?oiinoe e i?ioiaeeo noaaeee: aii?oiue e?enoaeee/aneee Si3N4. Aeey /anoeoe e?aiiey ia i?ioaaeoeo iieiia acioe?iaaiea, i?enoua iiiaineieiay aeaoaeoiay niaoeeoe/aneay no?oeoo?a, i?aaeiieaaathuay i?enoonoaea e?aiieaaiai yae?a. ?anniio?aiu eciaiaiey, i?ienoiaeyuea a nenoaia i?e SiI2-N i?e OI e II nia- nae ec ?acee/iuo eiiiiiaioia (e?aiieaaay eeneioa - naoa?ica 1, ay?inee -naoa?ica 2, ay?inee - naaea 3). I?e neioaca ea?aeaea e?aiiey ec oaeeo nenoai oi?ie?othony aeaoaeoiua ii naiaio ninoiyieth /anoeoeu SiN. Ioeaiea oi?iu EE-iieinu iiaeiuaiey, niioaaonoaoth- uae ea?aeaeo e?aiiey, i?iaaaeaiiay a ?aieao ONAeE iiaeoaa?aeeea nouanoaiaaiea oaea?iaeii- ai yae?a a ea?aeaeiuo /anoeoeao e oeacaea ia eciaiaiea ?acia?a yoiai yae?a a caaeneiinoe io oeia niane SiI2-N. Iaia?oaeaii i?iyaeaiea ?anoyaeaathueo iai?yaeaiee a iiaa?oiinoiie iaiei/ea SiI2, iie?uaathuae/anoeoeu ea?aeaea e?aiiey i?e eo neioaca ec niane SiI2-N. Ioeaiea aaee/eiu iai?yaeaiee ii naeaeao EE-iiein iiaeiuaiey, oa?aeoa?iuo aeey Si-I nay-cae e ia?aiao?a, ii?aaeaeyaiiai oa?aeoa?ii nayce iaaeaeo /anoeoeae e oneiaeyie iieo/aiey oeacaea iieoeiaa?aioiue oa?aeoa? acaeiinayce iaaeaeo ?aoaoeaie a nenoaia SiI2-N. ?anniio?aiu ?acoeueoaou EEN enneaaeiaaiee oaciaiai aiaeeca a i?ioeanna ieo?eaeiia?aciaaiey (ec nianae SiI2-N, A2I3-N), iaoaie/aneie e oa?ie/aneie ia?aaioee nenoai SiI2-NaI, A4N-O?I2 a ?aieao oaoiieiae/aneeo ?ac?acia. EE-oaciaue aiaeec i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey ii?ioeia ieo?eaea e?aiiey i?e ea?aioa?ie/aneii ainnoaiiaeaiee oeacae ia oi, /oi i?ioeann ieo?eaeiia?aciaaiey aeeth/aao a naay oeaiue i?aia?aciaaiee: SiI2 aeaoaeoiue ii eenei?iaeo SiI2 ieneieo?eae e?aiiey aii?oiue Si3N4 e?enoaeee/aneee Si3N4. N eniieueciaaieai ?acoeueoaoia EEN enneaaeiaaiee nenoai: ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2, SiC, Si3N4, BN, B4C, TiO2, neeeeaoia Na, aeei, oeaeia e eo nianae ?ac?aaioaiu iiaeaee oiieie aeaoaeoiie no?oeoo?u /anoeoe a i?ioeannao neioaca (ea?aioa?ie/aneie ainnoaiiaeaiea, ieaciioeie/aneee neioac, ni?ae-ie?ieec, oa?iiia?iaay ia?aaioea) e ?acee/iuo aeaeia iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee. I?aaenoaaeaiu yaiethoeeiiiua iaoaieciu oi?ie?iaaiey iacaaiiuo nenoai. I?eaaaeaiiua ?acoeueoaou EEN enneaaeiaaiee a ?aieao oaoiieiae/aneeo ?ac?acia ia?a/eneaiiuo nenoai (Si, SiO2, SiC, Si3N4, BN, B4C, TiO2, neeeeaoia Na, aeei, oeaeia e eo nianae) iieacuaatho, /oi aeaiiue iaoiae iicaieyao i?ineaaeeoue ca ia/aeueiuie yoaiaie ?ac?uaa noa?uo e oi?ie?iaaiey iiauo naycae, ca?iaeaeaiey nia/aea iaeioii?yaei/aiiuo (?aioaaiiaii?oiuo) oac, a caoai e eo e?enoaeeecaoeee, auyaeoue iauaiiua e iiaa?oiinoiua aniaeou acaeiiaeaenoaey e oaciia?aciaaiey. Eciaiaiea eioaineaiinoe, oe?eiu, oi?iu, iieiaeaiey iiein iiaeiuaiey iicaieyao iieo/eoue aaaeioth eioi?iaoeeth i aeeyiee ?acee/iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia eae ia eciaiaiea oaciaiai ninoaaa, oae e ia aeaoaeoioth no?oeoo?o /anoeoe e iaoa?eaeia ia eo iniiaa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: EE-niaeo?ineiiey, iee?ie?enoaeee/aneea nenoaiu, oiieay aeaoaeoiay no?oeoo?a (OAeN), oai?ey n?aaeieo aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo eiinoaio (ONAeE). Tomila T.V. IR Spectroscopy of defective states caused by mechanical and thermal treatment of microcrystalline systems.- Manuscript. Thesis for a degree of Candidate of Physical-Mathematical Sciences (Ph. Doctor) by speciality 01. 04. 07 - Physics of Solid State. - Institute for Problems of Materials Science, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999. The investigation of the evolution of FDS of disperse microcrystalline systems as the example of ZnO, Al2O3, Si, SiO2, SiC, Si3N4, BN, B4C, TiO2, calcium silicates, clays, slags and their mixtures, subjected to mechanical and thermal treatments, were performed by the IR spectroscopy method. Based onTADC, the morphologic aspects of the formation of fine systems at different treatments have been analyzed, the mechanism of the proceeding processes has been developed. A phenomenon of polymorphism during the mechanical treatment was determined, the mechanism of the uncovering of a surface microcrack accompanied by the -Al2O3-Al2O3 phase transformation, was proposed. The existence of tensile stresses in the surface shell of SiO2 on siliconcarbide particles has been established and explained. The formation of surface Si-N complexes in the case of grinding silicon in liquid nitrogen has been detected, a model of FDS of these particles has been developed, its role in the development of a self-activated mechanism of their further nitration has been established. The role of the initial defective structure of dispersive systems in processes of rearrangement under the action of external factors have been studied. Key words: IR-spectroscopy, microcrystalline systems, fine defective structure (FDS), theory of average dielectric constants (TADS).

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