2

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y

Atheueiaiaaeia Iieaae Oa?iaiiae/

OAeE 616.329 — 89.28

Oai?iae ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai

no?aaioiaeo: i?e/eie, e?eoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeea.

14.01.03. — o??o?a?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?aaioa aeeiiiia o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?eic??oeaa Ieaen?e Ieoaeeiae/
i?ioani? eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o??o?a?? ? 1 Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaa??ia Iaiaae Iaino?iae/

I?ioani? eaoaae?e ioeueiiiieia?? Ee?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I. E. Ooieea, eao?aao
Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? O?N?.

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Caaai?iaei?e Eaiio?e A??ai?iae/

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aini?oaeueii? o??o?a?? ? 2 Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Caneoaeaiee ?ia?oiee Aeui?
oeiee O?N?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii?
o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a oi?aei – aaaeii?iaeueii? oa
noaeeiii? o??o?a??, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 27 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei?
a aoaeeoi??? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?
?aaee Ae. 08. 601. 01 a Aei?i?iiao?iauee?e aea?aeaai?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? IIC Oe?a?ie (320044, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
aoe. Aeca?aeeinueeiai, 9)

C aeena?oaoe?ath iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (320044,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. Aeca?aeeinueeiai, 9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 ” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeioeaio
Oea/aiei A. I.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo caeeoa?oueny iaei??th c iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo i?iaeai
a?aeiiaii? o??o?a?? no?aaioiaeo [A. A. Oae?iia ? ni?aaao., 1996, I. I.
Aaa??ia oa ni?aaao., 1995]. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui e?euee?noue
iia?aoe?e — acioaaiieanoee ui??/ii c?inoa?, ui iia’ycaii ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
ia o?eueee e?eueeino? oai?eo, ui ia?aianee acioaaiieanoeeo, aea ?
cia/iei ?inoii /enea oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo
[*a?iionia A. O. ? ni?aaao. 1998, Aia? A. A. ? ni?aaao., 1996].

I?neyiia?aoe?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy ? eaoaeuei?noue i?e caoai?thaaiiyo
ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo i?iaeiaaeothoue caeeoaoeny aenieeie
— a?ae 8% aei 20% [*a?iionia A. O. ? ni?aaao., 1996, Aia? A. A ?
ni?aaao.,1995].

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui i?iaeaia oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo ia??iaee/ii aena?oeth?oueny aaoi?aie ye o a?o/eciyi?e, [A.
A. Oaeeiia ? ni?aaao., 1992] oae ? a caei?aeiii?e e?oa?aoo?? aaaaoi
ieoaiue i?iaeiaaeothoue caeeoaoeny noia?a/eeaeie. Oae, iaiaeiicia/iee ?
i?aeo?ae aaoi??a aei caniao acioaaiieanoeee: iaei? aaoi?e a?aeaeathoue
ia?aaaao ieanoeoe? no?aaioiaeo oeoieii [*a?iionia A. O. ? ?i.], ?io? —
oiieith eeoeith, o?ao? — oianoith eeoeith [Aiae?eaiia A.A. ? ?i.].
Ii?yae ?c oeei, ?yae aaoi??a a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao aeei?enoaiith i?aai?
iieiaeie, ?io? — e?ai? iieiaeie.

Oiio aaaaoi ?icae?e?a oe??? i?iaeaie caeeoathoueny iaaea/aieie,
a?aenooiy ?aeeia eeaneo?eaoe?y oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo a oai?eo ?c ?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo aiane?aeie
o?i?/iiai ii?eo [Aaaeoiia I.I. ? ni?aaao., 1991a, Aiae?eaiia A.A ?
ni?aaao., 1998].

Ii?yae ?c oeei, neeaaeiith ? nai?/ania ae?aaiinoeea caoai?thaaiue
ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo, aea?? iioeiaeueieo oa?i?i?a
acioaaiieanoeee ? ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e i?e oeueiio.

O ca’yceo c oeei o oai?eo ?c o?i?/iei ii?eii no?aaioiaeo oai?iae
ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo aaaeooue aei no?eei?
?iaae?aeecaoe?? oai?eo, ui cia/ii iiaeiaaeo? oa?i?ie
nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai? ? iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? [A. A. Oaeeiia ?
ni?aaao., 1992, *a?iionia A. O. ? ni?aaao. 1996, Aia? A. A. ? ni?aaao.
1994].

Oaeei /eiii, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o aeai?? iioeiaeueieo cania?a
o??o?a?/ii? ? eiina?aaoeaii? ei?aeoe?? oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo a oai?eo ?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo.

O ca’yceo c aeuaaeeeaaeaiei, ?iaioa aeooaeueia, oiio ui aeeeeeaia
iio?aaaie i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ?
o?aaiaioii ieaiiai? iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o??o?a?? ?1
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ia aac? Aeiiaoeueeiai
Iaeaniiai Ee?i?/iiai Oa?eoi??aeueiiai Iaaee/iiai Ia’?aeiaiiy: ”A?aeiiai?
iia?aoe?? a o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? caoai?thaaiue ? ooeiaeaeaiue
no?aaioiaeo, iaiaeiai? ? i?yii? eeoie”. (? ?? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? —
0134U000361)

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iie?ioeoe ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo
?c ooo/iei oianoieeoeiaei no?aaioiaeii caaaeyee oaeineiiaeaiith iaoiae?a
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ia iniia? aea/aiiy ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i
aooio?ainieaioaoa, nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie iaaee/ii? ? nioe?aeueii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo c ?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo aiane?aeie
o?i?/iiai ii?eo ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy /enea oai?ia ooo/iiai
oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae?
caaea/?:

1. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a oianoieeoeiaiai
o?ainieaioaoo c? oeoieii ? no?aaioiaeii ia i?aenoaa?
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aooio?ainieaioaoa a oai?eo c
?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo aiane?aeie o?i?/iiai ii?eo.

2. Aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie aeeiiaiiy aoai?a acioaaiieanoeee c
o?aooaaiiyi ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i aooio?ainieaioaoa.

3. I?iaanoe aoeieia?/io ? ee?i?/io nenoaiaoecaoe?th oai?ia ooo/iiai
oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo a oai?eo c ?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo
aiane?aeie o?i?/iiai ii?eo.

4. Iioei?coaaoe eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy e ?nioth/? caniae i?io?eaeoeee
oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo oeyoii oi?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a i?ae oeoieii ?
oianoieeoeiaei aooio?ainieaioaoii.

5. Iie?ioeoe ?acoeueoaoe iaaeeei — nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iaoe??io?a
?c caoai?thaaiiyie ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo oeyoii
nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a aeeiiaiiy aoai?a acioaaiieanoeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa anoaiiaeai?
iaoiii?oieia?/i? ci?ie oianoieeoeiaiai a ??ci? oa?i?ie ?icaeoeo oai?ia
ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo.

Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie aeey ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e
i?e caoai?thaaiiyo OON.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ? canoiniaaii ia i?aeoeoe? caniae o??o?a?/iiai ?
eiinaaaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo.

Anoaiiaeai? iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? ee?i?ei — ii?oieia?/i? i?iyae 19 aeae?a
oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo, i?iaaaeaia nenoaiaoecaoe?y
oai?ia inoaiiueiai ca eeeieei — ii?oieia?/ieie e?eoa??yie.

Anoaiiaeaii oa?aeoa?i? ci?ie ?I oeoieiaiai nieo a ??ci? oa?i?ie i?ney
acioaaiieanoeee, ci?ie ?I o ni?aono? oianoieeoeiaiai aooio?ainieaioaoa
? no?aaioiaeo, ?? aieea ia aeieeiaiiy oai?ia OON.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aoethen ai?noo oeoiea a oianoieeoeiaee aooio?ainieaioao
iiaea ia?aa?aaoe ii 2 oeiao — aeia/iiio ? eeneioiiio. I?e aeia/iiio
aa??aio? ?aoethena a?aecia/a?oueny i?aeeii oeeo? ?I aei 6,5 + 0,5, i?e
eeneioiiio — cieaeaiiy oeeo? ?I aei 3,5 + 0,5 .

Anoaiiaeaii oa?aeoa?i? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo a oa?i?ie niinoa?aaeaiiy 30 aei?a, 6 i?nyoe?a, 12 i?nyoe?a,
24 i?nyoey i?ney AI. I?e ii?oieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaie anoaiiaeaii,
ui a oa?i?ie niinoa?aaeaiiy 30 aei?a i?ney AI a?aecia/a?oueny oaea
ea?oeia. E?eioe caeic, aeania ieanoeiea neecoaaoi? caa?aaeai?, iii??ia
iiaiie??a’y i?aeneecoaaoiai i?ioa?eo.

O oa?i?ie niinoa?aaeaiiy 6 i?nyoe?a i?ney AI — ae?aaeaia ao?io?y
eeoeiaeo e?eio, aeinoaoi?noue u?eueii? aieieienoi? niieo/ii? oeaieie a
neecoaaoiio ? i?aeneecoaaoiio i?ioa?eao.

O oa?i?ie niinoa?aaeaiiy 12 i?nyoe?a i?ney AI — ao?io?y caeic, iii??ia
?ic?inoaiiy aieieienoi? niieo/ii? oeaieie a neecoaaoiio ?
i?aeneecoaaoiio i?ioa?eao.

Aia?oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oa?i?ie aeey aeeiiaiiy aoai?a o??o?a?/ieo
ao?o/aiue, ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e i?e oai?iaao ooo/iiai
oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo a?aeiia?aeii ca aeaieie, io?eiaieie i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo.

?ic?iaeaii e?eoa??? ioe?iee ooieoe?? ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo a ??ciiiai?oi? oa?i?ie i?ney acioaaiieanoeee.

O oai?eo ?c ?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo ? oeoiea ?ic?iaeaiee
ooieoe?iiaeueii ni?eyoeeaee can?a oi?ioaaiiy ?aeai?eeiaeueii? noiie a
niieo/aii? c iia?aoe??th, ui ae?aio? oeoiie, ui aeeth/a? inoaii?e a
aeo o?aaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee
oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a oianoieeoeiaiai o?ainieaioaoa c? oeoieii ?
no?aaioiaeii ia i?aenoaa? ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aooio?ainieaioaoa a oai?eo ?c ?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo aiane?aeie
o?i?/iiai ii?eo. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny — i?eno?ii/iee ?c iiia?a/iei
?icoaooaaiiyi aioe?aoetheniee aianoiiic, ioooiia?aciue aianoiiic,
aioo??oiueinoaii/iee aioe?aoetheniee aianoiiic. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei?
oa?i?ie aeey aeeiiaiiy aoai?a acioaaiieanoeee c o?aooaaiiyi
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i aooio?ainieaioaoa.

I?iaaaeaia ao?ieia?/ia ? ee?i?/ia nenoaiaoecaoe?y oai?ia ooo/iiai
oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo a oai?eo ?c ?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo
aiane?aeie o?i?/iiai ii?eo.

Iioei?ciaai? eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy e ?nioth/? caniae i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia
ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo.

Aecia/aii oeyoe nei?i/aiiy iaaeeei — nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo
?c caoai?thaaiiyie ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiiy o?eaaeino? oa?i?i?a i?ae aoaiaie acioaaiieanoeee.

?acoeueoaoe ee?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo cania?a
o??o?a?/iiai ? eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iieacothoue ?oith
aoaeoeai?noue ? aeicaieythoue ae??oeoe ?yae aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai
caa?oaeeiii? oianoieeoeiai? acioaaiieanoeee, ui ia?aaaaeii noinothoueny
ieoaiue oai?ia OON.

Ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy OONaeicaieeee aea?aoe iaea?eueo ni?eyoeea?
oa?i?ie aeey aeeiiaiiy o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue o oai?eo ?c caoai?thaaiiyie
OON. Oea aeicaieeei nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy oai?eo, iie?ioeoe
a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe AI ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aaae oai?eo
oai?iaaie ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo, ca?eueoeoe e?euee?noue
i?aoeacaeaoieo oai?eo. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy oa
ae?aaiinoeee caoai?thaaiue ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaea a
oaeiae caniae ?o i?io?eaeoeee ai?iaaaeaeai? a o??o?ae/iiio
a?aeae?eaii? Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? o??o?ae/iiio
a?aeae?eaii? ? 1 Aeiiaoeueei? i?nueei? e?ea?i? ? 16 o??o?ae/iiio
a?aeae?eaii? ? 1 Euea?anueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? (aeo
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 4 n?/iy 1999 ?ieo) . Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? aeeth/aii a eo?n iaa/aiiy aeey nooaeaio?a i?ieoieia??
EAeIO ?i. Ae. Aaeeoeueeiai ia eaoaae?? oaeoeueoaonei? oa caaaeueii?
o??o?a?? c eo?nii (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 15 a?oaeiy 1998
?ieo) a oaeiae nooaeaio?a Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??: Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee
iia?aeiieai? ia can?aeaii? Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai oiaa?enoaa o??o?a?a
(21.12.98), ia 2 eiia?an? o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 6 — 9
aeiaoiy, 1998 ?.); ia i?aeia?iaeiiio Oaeuee-neiiic?oi? (i. Euea?a, 21-23
aeiaoiy, 1997 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? o??o?a?a, i?enay/aii?e
100 — ??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?io. Oaaeeioey N.I. o i. Oaeai?iae?
( 18-20 aa?aniy, 1997 ?.). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee caneooaie ia
can?aeaii? oaoiaiai nai?ia?o Ae. 08. 601. 01 niaoe?aaee
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? 14.06. 99.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? naiino?eiith ?iaioith
aaoi?a, ui i?ia?a aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith ?iaioe, aeeiiaa
aeeaieee iiooe, i?ia?a aiae?c ee?i?/iiai iaoa??aeo. Ia?aeiia
ii?aoethaaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iiae?ee aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii aeeiiaia
o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy oai?ia OON o 30% oai?eo. ?ic?iaeaii ieai
ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, i?ia?aia eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy.

Aea/aia aeeiai?ea ?I oeoieiaiai nieo ? ni?aonoy AI ? OON o ??ci?
oa?i?ie i?ney AI (aeaia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiiaia a oiiaao a?aeae?eo
aiaeineiie/aneeo aeine?aeaeaiue Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai ae?aaiinoe/iiai
oeaio?o ia aac? AeIEOII). Aaoi?ii nenoaiaoeciaai? caoai?thaaiiy OON;
anoaiiaeai? oa?i?ie aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiue OON.

Cai?iiiiiaaii caniae e?eoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia OON.

Aeeiiaii noaoenoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy iaoa??aeo. ?acii ?c iaoeiaei
ea??aieeii noi?ioeueiaai? oe?e? ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaiai?ai?
aeniiaee, i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Aea/aii ii?oieia?/i? (i?iaaaeaia
a?iin?y oianoieeoeiaiai o?ainieaioaoo) ? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie i?e
caoai?thaaiiyo OON ?acii ?c ni?a?ia?oieeaie eaoaae?e iaoieia?/ii?
aiaoii?? Aeiiaoeueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (caa. eaoaae?ith —
ae.i.i. i?io. Aaneeaiei ?.A.), a oaeiae ia aac? OeIAeE Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai. Iaoeiaee
eiinoeueoaio ii?oieia?/iiai a?aeae?eo — i?ioani? Oeiiia A.A.

O ni?eueii iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue a?ae 25 aei 75%
?aeae ? ?ic?iaie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 18 ae?oea?nueeeo ?ia?o,
?c ieo — 6 noaoae o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo (4 naiino?eii).

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 160
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 18 oaaeeoeyie ye?
caeiathoue noi??iie 12 iaethieaie ye? caeiathoue noi??iie. No?oeoo?a
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 7 ?icae?e?a, ( iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e
5 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue aiaeeco oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeniiae?a ? nieneo e?oa?aoo?e,
ui i?noeoue 390 aeaea?ae c ieo 112 a?o/eciyieo( noi??iie ? 278
caei?aeiiieo( noi??iie) .

INIIAIA *ANOEIA

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiiy ? e?eoaaiiy 168 oai?eo ?c ?oaoeaaei noaiicii
no?aaioiaeo, iia?iaaieo o ee?i?oe? caaaeueii? o??o?a?? ? 1 Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo ca ia??iae ?c 1985 ii 1998 ?ie?a. C ieo o
45,7% niinoa??aaeeny oai?iae ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo.

78 oai?eo aoee iia?iaai? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo cania?a o??o?a?/ieo
oo?o/aiue, iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee ? i?io?eaeoeee. C oeueiai /enea a 35
/ieia?e, niinoa??aaeeny oai?iae OON, ui neeaei 45,7%. Aiie neeaee
eiio?ieueio a?oio (a?oia ? 2). I?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo
cania?a e?eoaaiiy, ae?aaiinoeee ? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia ooo/iiai
no?aaioiaeo /enei oai?eo neeaei 25 /ieia?e (27,7%) ia 90 iia?iaaieo ?c
i?eaiaeo ?oaoeaaiai noaiico no?aaioiaeo. Aiie aa?eoee aei iniiaii? a?oie
(a?oia ? 1).

An?i oai?ei i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? ? ia aoaiao e?eoaaiiy aeeiioaaeeny
ee?i?ei-a?io?i?/i? ianoaaeaiiy, ii?yae c ocae/a?ieie iaoiaeaie, a oaeiae
?aioaaiia?ao?y no?aaioiaeo, ??eaia?ao?y, aiaeineii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
(AAe), a?iiney ooo/iiai no?aaioiaeo i?ae /an acioaaiieanoeee ? i?ney ia?
(i?ae /an aiaeineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy). Aeiiney ooo/iiai no?aaioiaeo
aeeiioaaeany 20 oai?ei o oa?i?ie a?ae 1 oeaei? aei 2 i?nyoe?a, a?ae 3
aei 6 i?nyoe?a, a?ae 6 i?nyoe?a aei 12, ? a?ae 1 ?ieo aei 2-o ?ie?a
i?ney acioaaiieanoeee. I?ae /an aeeiiaiiy oioaeueii? caa?oaeeii?
oianoieeoeiaie acioaaiieanoeee aeeiioaaeeny a?iin?y ae?eyiee
o?ainieaioaoo.

I?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic ia oe? i?ae i?e?iaeiei no?aaioiaeii ?
o?ainieaioaoii i?iaaaeeeany a?iin?y o?ainieaioaoa ? i?e?iaeiiai
no?aaioiaeo.

O i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? aeeiioaaeany
o?a?iacioaaiaano?iaeoiaeaiineii?y c ianooiiei ocyooyi ae?eyiee no?iee
o?ainieaioaoo a oa?i?ie a?ae 2 oeaei?a aei 2-o ?ie?a i?ney iia?aoe??
aeey aea/aiiy ci?i o o?ainieaioao? ? oeoieo. Iaiao?aei?noue aeeiiaiiy
AAe ye a aioa, oae ? ?ao?ia?aaeiiio iai?yieao iaoiiaeaia iayai?noth a
oe?eiai ?yaeo oai?eo caoai?thaaiue OON, a iniia? yeeo eaaeaoue i?aai?/i?
ci?ie no?iie o?ainieaioaoo, ? iniaeeai, eiai neecoaaoiai i?ioa?eo
(iaioe/i? a?ic??, “acioaa?o” OON, ae?acee, aeeaa?oeeoee). O oiae?
aeeiiaiiy o?a?iacioaaiaano?iaeoiaeaiineii?? aea/aeiny ?I oi?noo oeoiea ?
OON o oa?i?ie 1 i?nyoeue, 2 i?nyoey, 3, 6, 12 ? 24 i?nyoey i?ney
acioaaiieanoeee.

Iaoa??aeii ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee 20 a?iin?e OON o
oa?i?ie a?ae 1 oeaeiy aei 2 ?ie?a i?ney AI, a oaeiae 6 naeoe?eieo
aeiaaee?a. O 2 aeiaaeeao i?e/eia nia?o? ia aoea iia’ycaia c
oneeaaeiaiiyie AI, a ianooieea a ?acoeueoao? aino?i? na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiino?. O 2 niinoa?aaeaiiyo ianooiea iae?ic o?ainieaioaoo. O
iaei?i aeiaaeeo aoea i?ioociia e?iaioa/a c ae?acee o?ainieaioaoo e a
iaei?io — o ?acoeueoao? ia?oi?aoe?? ae?acee OON ?icaeeany oeaaiiia
ia?aaeiueiai na?aaeino?iiy.

O 20 aeiaaeeao i?iaaaeaia ii?oiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy, o i?ioean? yeiai
aecia/aee ?yae ia?aiao??a oeaieiii? no?oeoo?e oianoi? eeoee, iieacieee
i?ie?oa?aoeaii? aeoeaiino? ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei neecoaaoi?.

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO
AeINE?AeAEAIUe.

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae oa?i?iaie aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiue OON,
a iniia? yeeo eaaeeoue ?aoethen-acioaa?o, ? ci?iith iieaciee?a ?I
oeoieiaiai nieo i?iaaaeaia aea/aiiy ci?ie inoaiiueiai a ??ci? oa?i?ie
i?ney AI (aeine?aeaeoaaany oeoieiaee ai?no ?c aano?inoiie e o
?acoeueoao? ciiaeoaaiiy a 10 oai?eo).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueia cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a ?I a?aecia/a?oueny a
oa?i?ie a?ae 3-o aei?a aei 1 oeaeiy , a iio?i o oa?i?ie a?ae 3-o oeaei?a
aei 1 i?nyoey iieacieee ?I oeoieiaiai nieo caeeoathoueny ia iecueeeo
oeeo?ao, ui ni?ey? ?icaeoeo iaioe/iiai acioaa?oo aiane?aeie ?aoethena
ai?noo oeoiea a OON naia a oe? oa?i?ie, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
oa?i?iaie ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a iaioe/iiai-acioaa?oo .

O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aeyniaiee aieea ci?i eeneioiino? o ieaei?o
a?aeae?eao o?ainieaioaoo ? oeoiea ia aeieeiaiiy caiaeueieo ci?i
neecoaaoi? OON. O ii?iaeueieo oiiaao ?I o ieaei?e 1/3 no?aaioiaeo
neeaaea? 6,0 + 0,8. I?e ?aoethen? ai?noo oeoiea a OON ?I cieaeo?oueny
aei ??aiy 4,0 ? ieae/a. Oaeee aa??aio a?aecia/a?oueny i?e eeneioiiio
aa??aio? aano?iacioaaaaeueiiai ?aoethena. I?e eoaeiiio (aeia/iiio)
aa??aio? ?aoethena ?I i?aeaeuo?oueny aei ??aiy 7,0 0,5 ? aeua.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aoethen — acioaa?o OON ?icaeaa?oueny aiane?aeie
aeae?eueeio iaaaaeaieo ieae/a, ui aeyaeythoueny a ??ci? oa?i?ie i?ney
acioaaiieanoeee, aea, a ?acoeueoao? iaeeaaeaiiy iaeiiai ia ?ioee, aiie
aeathoue ee?i?/io ea?oeio ?aoethen-acioaa?oo.

Oaeeie /eiieeaie ?:

— a?aenooi?noue aioe?aoetheniie aa?’??ii? ooieoe?? aano?iacioaaaaeueiiai
c’?aeiaiiy ? aa?oiueiai acioaaaaeueiiai no?ieoa?a; a?aenooi?noue
iaiao?aeii? ?acenoaioiino? neecoaaoi? o?ainieaioaoa (oianoi? eeoee) aei
oeoieiaiai nieo; iaaeinoaoiuei nai?/ania aaaeoaoe?y oeoieiaiai ai?noo,
iniaeeai o oai?eo c i?aeaeuaiei aioo?eoiueioeoieiaei oeneii i?e noaiicao
aeo?aeiiai a?aeae?eo oeoiea; ii?ooaiiy ?aaoeyoe?? eeneioiooai?thth/i?
ooieoe?? oeoiea .

O caeaaeiino? a?ae io?eiaii? ea?oeie aeaieo o oiae? ianoaaeaiiy aoee
aeae?eai? iaea?eueo oeiia? caoai?thaaiiy ? iaoieia?/i? noaie OON, ui
aoee c?a?ai?, i?iaiae?ciaai? oa nenoaiaoeciaai?. O i?ioeaioiiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii? e?euee?noue iaoe?aio?a c oai?iaaie OON aoei ?iciiae?eaii
a oaeee niin?a:

I. Oai?iae OON, a iniia? yeeo eaaeaoue i?aai?/i? ci?ie inoaiiueiai:

1) iia’ycai? c ii?ooaiiyi aoae?ae? neecoaaoi? OON:

— iiiaeeiie? iaioe/i? a?ic?? (5,1%);

— naaiaioa?iee acioaa?o (eaoa?aeueiee, o?a?eiiciee, a?iceaiee) (5,1%);

— iaiacioaa?o (8,2%);

— ae?acee (10,2%);

— aeeaa?oeeoee (6,8%);

— iooeeie (3,4% )

II. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy:

— a?aaeee?iac?y (8,5%);

— oao?e?iac?y (5,1%);

— aeaii?ia-neiae?ii (3,4%);

— nianoe/iee neiae?ii o?ainieaioaoo (5,1%)

III. Caoai?thaaiiy, a iniia? yeeo eaaeeoue ?aoethen oeoieiaiai ?
aeoiaeaiaeueiiai ai?noo a OON:

— iaioe/iee a?iceaiee acioaa?o (10,2%) ;

— iaioe/i? no??eoo?e (3,4%) ;

IV. Caoai?thaaiiy, a iniia? yeeo eaaeaoue iia?aoeaii-oaoi?/i?
iniaeeaino? AI:

— neiae?ii iieiaeenoi? iaoe? o?ainieaioaoo (5,1%);

— neiae?ii aei?i/aiiai o?ainieaioaoo (5,1%);

— neiae?ii caoaeaiiai aianoiiica (5,1%);

— niieo/ii-oeaieiia ia?a?iaeaeaiiy anueiai o?ainieaioaoo (1,7%) .

V. Iayai?noue aeae?eueeio caoai?thaaiue OON o oai?iai:

— iaioe/iee acioaa?o + ae?acea OON (1,7);

— iaioe/iee acioaa?o + ea?eia?o + ae?aceiaa o?aaeaiiy aieiniaeo ca
ycie (1,7%);

— iieiaeenoa iaoey + a?iceaiue acioaa?o (1,7%);

— niieo/aiiy noaiico ? ii?eoe? aianoiiica ia oe? ( 5,4 %)

— aeaii?ia-neiae?ii ?c oao?e?iac?ath ? ei?ioeei o?ainieaioaoii (1,7%).

VI. Oneeaaeiai? caoai?thaaiiy OON (caoai?thaaiiy aaaea aei
oneeaaeiaiiy):

— iaioe/aneay ae?acea c ia?oi?aoe??th aai iaiao?aoeeae, i?eaaaeoay aei
ai?eiiio iaae?ano?i?oo (0,6%);

— ae?acea OON, oneeaaeiaia e?iaioa/ath (1,2%);

-aaia?aia iaaeeeoeiai? iieiaeenoi? iaoe? o?ainieaioaoo (0,6%);

— ?aoethen-acioaa?o, ui i?eca?a aei no?eeoo?e ? iiaii? iai?io?aeiino?
o?ainieaioaoo (0,6%).

Aea/aia aeeiai?ea ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a ?aoethen — acioaaeoa OON o ??ci?
oa?i?ie i?ney AI. I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoa yne?aai
ee?i?/ia ea?oeia ae?aaeaia a oa?i?ie a?ae 4-o oeaei?a aei 1 i?nyoey.

Aei e?ioey 2 i?nyoey i?ney AI e?euee?noue nea?a, ui aoee aeeacaie
oai?eie, cia/ii ciaioo?oueny, a aaaaoi nea?a oe?eeii cieeathoue.

An?i oai?ei ?c ee?i?/iith ea?oeiith ?aoethen — acioaa?oo aoei aeeiiaii
?aioaaiieia?/ia ? aiaeineiie/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. O 23 oai?eo i?e
?aioaaiieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ie a?aecia/eee oiia?eueiaio aaaeoaoe?th
eiio?anoii? iane oeoieo. ?aioaaiieia?/ii a 65% oeeo oai?eo
aecia/aeany aeaoi?iaoe?y aeo?aeiiai a?aeae?eo, a oaeiae aeyaeyeeny
iciaee eiiiainiaaiiai noaiico aeo?aeiiai a?aeae?eo oeoiea, a ?ioeo yaeu
noaiico aeo?aeiiai a?aeae?eo ia a?aecia/aeiny. Cacia/ai? yaeua ?icaeeeny
aiane?aeie ii?eo i?ei?e/iiai a?aeae?eo oeoiea. I?e aiaeineii?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaii? o an?o oai?eo aoa aeyaeaiee ?aoethen-acioaa?o ? o 8 c
ieo — ae?aaeai? yaeua iaioe/iiai acioaaeoa.

An?i oai?ei, ui neeaee a?oio ?1 i?iaiaeeeiny eiina?aaoeaia ? eiia?iiaaia
e?eoaaiiy. Oa?aeoa? iaoieia??, ui iio?aao? eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy ?
eiai o?eaae?noue iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 5.

Oaaeeoey 5

Oai?iae ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo, ui iio?aaothoue
eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy.

Iacaa oai?iae Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue

oa?ai??, oeaei? ae?aceiai-a?iceaiee acioaa?o
3-4 Iaioe/iee acioaa?o3 Iieiaa iaoey ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo2 A?aae?eeiac?y2 Oao?eeiac?y 1,5 Aeaii?ia — neiae?ii (oa?i?ie
i?ney oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica ia oe?) 2-3 Ani??aoe?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy
caoai?thaaiue OON (oa?i?ie i?ney oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica ia oe?)4
Nianoe/iee neiae?ii o?ainieaioaoo (oa?i?ie i?ney oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica
ia oe?)1

Oai?ei iniiaii? a?oie aeeiiai? oae? caniae o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

Eaia?ioii?y, aeaeaeaiiy o?ainieaioaoo i?e niieo/ii-oeaieiiiio eiai
ia?a?iaeaeaii? — aeeiiaii 1 oai?iio, i?e no?eeoo?? o?ainieaioaoo 1
oai?iio. I?e ae?acoe? ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo, oneeaaeiaii?
e?iaioa/ath, ciaaeiaeeany eaia?ioiiey c ianooiiei aeaeaeaiiyi
o?ainieaioaoa a 1 oai?iai. I?e iooeei? ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo, ui iaea i?noea a 1 oai?iai, c?iaeaia eaia?ioii?y c
ianooiiei aeaeaeaiiyi o?ainieaioaoa. Ae?acea ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai
no?aaioiaeo, oneeaaeiaia iaiao?aoe??th o ia?aaei? na?aaeino?iiy iaea
i?noea a 1 oai?iai. Aeeiiaia eaia?ioii?y, aeaeaeaiiy o?ainieaioaoa,
ae?aioaaiiy na?aaeino?iiy. Caoaeaiee aianoiiic i?ae OON ? oeoieii aoa o
1 oai?iai, c?iaeaia iia?aoe?y ia?aoi?ioaaiiy aianoiiico. Noaiic
aianoiiico ia oe? a?aecia/aiee o 3 oai?eo, c?iaeaia ia?aoi?ioaaiiy
aianoiiica ia oe?, o o./. o 2 aeiaaeeao ?c aeei?enoaiiyi oe??ieo
eeaio?a.

Ii?eoe? aianoiiica ia oe? a?aecia/ai? a 4 oai?eo, aeeiiaia ?o
aen?/aiiy, ia?aoi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica.

Iieiaeenoa iaoey o?ainieaioaoo aoea a 1 oai?iai. C?iaeaii iia?aoe?th —
?acaeoe?th iieiaeenoi? iaoe?.

O oiae? aea/aiiy ee?i?/ii? neiioiiaoeee oai?ia OON anoaiiaeaii, ui o
a?eueoi? /anoeie oai?eo, ye? no?aaeaeathoue oai?iaaie inoaiiueiai, ia?o?
ee?i?/i? i?iyae niinoa??aaeeny a oa?i?ie a?ae 3-o aei 6-oe oeaei?a i?ney
AI. Iae?ai?oa aeyaeythoueny oae? oai?iae OON, ye iaioe/iee acioaa?o,
aeaii?ia — neiae?ii, noaiic aianoiiico ia oe?, noaiic aianoiiico i?ae
oeoieii ? OON, ani??aoe?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy oai?ia OON. O a?eueo i?ci?
oa?i?ie aeyaeythoueny ae?acee OON, ye i?aaeei, aaea oneeaaeiai?.

I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy eo?no eiina?aaoeaii? oa?ai??, ni?yiiaaii? ia cieaeaiiy
?I oeoieiaiai nieo a 10 oai?eo, o yeeo eiai eeneioi?noue oeoieiaiai
nieo aoea iaaaaaoi aeua ii?ie, i?iaiaeeeeny aeine?aeaeaiiy ?I oeoieiaiai
nieo. Iaoa??ae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aany c aano?inoiie ? oeyoii
oeoieiaiai ciiaeoaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, o ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue onoaiiaeaii, ui oeyoii
i?iaaaeaiiy eiina?aaoeaii? oa?ai?? iiaeia aeiiiaoeny cieaeaiiy
iieaciee?a eeneioiino? oeoieiaiai nieo. Oeae /eiiee ni?ey? caiia?aaiith
aeieeiaiiy iaioe/ieo oai?ia OON, aaaea aei cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? oai?ia
OON, a iniia? yeeo eaaeeoue ?aoethen ai?noo oeoiea a OON.

I?e ?yae? oai?ia OON iaiao?aeia ?aeaia?ioii?y. Iaeaea a on?o aeiaaeeao
i?e/eiith inoaiiuei? yaeeeny oneeaaeiai? oai?iae OON. I?e/eie
?aeaia?ioii?? i?e oneeaaeiaieo oai?iaao OON i?eaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 6.

Oaaeeoey 6

Caoai?thaaiiy ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaea ui iio?aaothoue
?aeaia?ioii??.

Iieacaiiy aei ?aeaia?ioii?? Caoai?thaaiiy OON

Iae?ic o?anieaioaioo

Oei?i/aiee o?ainieaioao O?eaaea cao?eiea ?ae? a iieia?e iaoe? Cao?eiea
aaaeoaoe?? ?aea c OON a?eueoa 20 aiaeei + iaaoaeoeai?noue
eiina?aaoeaii? oa?ai?? Iaaoaeoeai?noue eiina?aaoeaii?

oa?ai??, aaia?aia iieiai? iaoe?

Neiae?ii iieiai? iaoe? o?ainieaioaoa

Ae?acee OON,

oneeaaeiaiee aeeaa?oeeoeueic OON

Ia?oi?aoe?y, iaiao?aoe?y a non?aei? i?aaie, ianeaia e?iaioa/a

Oaeei /eiii ?c oaaeeoe? 6 i/aaeaeii, ui ?yae oai?ia OON aaaea aei
oyaeeeo oneeaaeiaiue, ui iio?aaothoue aeno?aiiai o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

Ioe?ieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ?c oai?iaaie OON
i?iaiaeeee ii i’yoeaaeuei?e nenoai?.

A?aei?iiee ?acoeueoao — oai?ee ia aeeaco? nea?a ? ia a?aecia/a?
noa’?eoeaieo ?iceaae?a. Oa?/o?oueny ??ciiiai?oiith ?aeath. A?aeiiaea
iano o?ea. Iiaa?ioany aei noa?i? ?iaioe. Aa?iee einiaoe/iee ?acoeueoao.
?aioaaiieiae/i aeia?a ooieoe?y OON ? o?aaiiai o?aeoo a oe?eiio.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aeyaeee i?yeeo cnoa?a.

Aeia?ee ?acoeueoao — oai?ee aeeaco? iacia/i? nea?ae ? a?aecia/a?
noa’?eoeai? ?iceaaee i?e iayaiino? aai a?aenooiino? ianooo?aeo
ia’?eoeaieo a?aeoeeaiue. Aai, iaaiaee, i?e ia’?eoeaiiio ? niaoe?aeueiiio
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeyaeai? iaaaee/e? ci?ie, o oie /an ye noa’?eoeaii
oai?ee i?yeeo ?iceaae?a ia a?aecia/a?.

Caaeia?eueiee ?acoeueoao — niieo/aiiy noa’?eoeaieo ? ia’?eoeaieo
?iceaae?a. Oai?ee i?aae’yaey? nea?ae ia aie?, a?ae?eaeeo, ?iceaae
aeii?iaeiaiiy, a ia’?eoeaii aecia/athoueny a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae ii?iaeueii?
ooieoe?? OON aai ii?ooaiiy c aieo i?aai?a o?aaiiai o?aeoo e ?ioeo
nenoai. Oe? ?iceaaee iacia/i? ? oai?ee ei?enoo?oueny OON.

Iacaaeia?eueiee ?acoeueoao — a?aecia/athoueny cia/i? noa’?eoeai? e
ia’?eoeai? ?iceaaee.

Oai?ee ia iiaea oa?/oaaoeny u?eueiith ?aeath. A?aecia/a?oueny cia/ia
cieaeaiiy iane o?ea. Nea?ae ia /ano? c?eaoaaiiy ? aethaioo. Aeey
a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?iaeueii? ooieoe?? OON iaiao?aeia ?aeiino?oeoeaia
iia?aoe?y.

I?e ianoaaeaii? 25 oai?eo io?eiai? oae? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe:

A?aei?ii? ? aa?i? — o 96,3 %, o 3,7 % — a?aecia/ai? caaeia?euei? ?
iacaaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe.

?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy i?eaaaeai? a oaaeeoea 7. I?ney oeueiai
i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaii? ? eiio?ieueii?
a?oi.

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi.

Oaaeeoey 7.

Iieacieee Iniiaia a?oia Eiio?ieueia

A?oia *anoioa iaioe/ieo caoai?thaaiue 10 18 Ii?eoe? aianoiiico ia oe?
16 32 ?aoethen — acioaa?o 8 18 I?neyiia?aoe?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy 12 24
Na?aaei? oa?i?ie iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, i?nyoe? 4,5 7 Caaaeueia
eaoaeuei?noue 4 8 Caoai?thaaiiy aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a 12 18

Oaeei /eiii, c oaaeeoe? 7 i/aaeaeii, ui cai?iiiiiaai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? a
i?aeoeeo caniae o??o?a?/iiai ? eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae
caniae ae?aaiinoeee ? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia OON aeicaieythoue ciaioeoe
/anoioo aeieeiaiiy oai?ia OON, cieceoe caaaeueio eaoaeuei?noue, ciaioeoe
/anoioo i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue.

Aeai?, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aeayeeo iieaciee?a
aiiainoaco oai?eo ia ?oaoeaaee noaiic no?aaioiaeo i?ney o?i?/iiai ii?eo
na?ae/aoue i?i cia/i? ii?ooaiiy a e?ia? ? na/?, a?aeaoaathoueny cia/i?
ci?ie, iaoiiaeai? o?eaaeei aieiaeoaaiiyi, caacaiaeiaiiyi, aethaioith,
ii?ooaiiyie ooieoe?? ia/?iee.

I?e aea/aii? a?io?i?/iiai aiae?co e?ia? o 12 oai?eo a?aecia/aeany
a?ia?acioai?y, iaoiiaeai? iaaeeeoeiaei iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi o e?ia? ?a/iaei,
ui i?noyoue acio oiane?aeie iineeaiiai ?iciaaeo oeaieiieo a?ee?a. I?e
aeine?aeaeaii? ??aiy caaaeueiiai a?eeo on?o oai?eo a?aecia/aeany
ae?aaeaia a?iii?ioa?iai?y, aeiiaeueaoi?iai?y, ae?ni?ioa?iai?y
(oaiaeaioe?y aei i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe??ioa aeiaoe?ieaeueaoi?ie),
iiceoeaiee acioenoee aaeain, iaoiiaeaiee ?iciaaeii aeanieo a?ee?a
i?aai?ci? aiane?aeie o?eaaeiai aieiaeoaaiiy).

??aaiue na/iaeiu e?ia? aoa iacia/ii ca?eueoaiee o 10 iaoe??io?a, a
?ioeo oai?eo a?i aoa o iaaeao ii?ie. Aeae?eueia ooieoe?y ie?ie iaeaea a
on?o oai?eo aoea ia ii?ooaia, i?ioa a 13 oai?eo ?c 25 ui ianoaaeoaaeeny
iaea i?noea iii??ii ae?aaeaia ie?ao??y, iaoiiaeaia caaaeueiei
caaaiaeithaaiiyi i?aai?cio.

Oaeei /eiii, aeuaiienai? ci?ie aiaeii-aeaeo?ie?oiiai,
eeneioii-eoaeiiai, a?eeiaiai, aoaeaaiaeiiai ? aee?iaiai iai?io
oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai on?o oai?eo, ui iaaeoiaeyoue ?c ?oaoeaaei
noaiicii no?aaioiaeo, ? aeeeoothoue iaiao?aei?noue i?ney a?aeiia?aeii?
ia?aaeiia?aoe?iiii? i?aeaioiaee i?enooieoe aei ia?oiai aoaio
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo — oi?ioaaiith ?aeai?eeiaeueiiai naeua, ine?eueee
ia?aioa?aeueia oa?/oaaiiy ia a ciic? iiaa?iooe aei ii?ie an? ci?ie
aiiainoaco, ui a?aeaoeeny a i?aai?ci? oai?eo.

C iaoith i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia OON, iaoiiaeaieo ?aoethenii oi?noo oeoiea
a inoaii?e, o ee?i?oe? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a i?ae
oeoieii ? o?ainieaioaoii.

I?eno?ieiaa a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo ?icoaooaaiiy aianoiiico a i?ina?oo
oeoiea ui ni?ey? aeeiiaiith iei eeaiaiii? ooieoe?? i?iaaaeaii o 8
oai?eo.

?ioee aa??aio aioe?aoetheniiai aianoiiico — aianoiiic c ooai?aiiyi
aeoieeeaoo?ii? ioooe aeeiiaiee o 7 oai?eo.

I?e eiio?ieueiiio ?aioaaiia?ao?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ooieoe?y aianoiiico
caaeia?eueia.

Oaeei aa??aioii aioe?aoetheniiai aianoiiico ? aioo??oiueino?iiee
aianoiiic i?ae oeoieii ? o?ainieaioaoii. Aeaiee can?a aeeiiaiee o 10
oai?eo, oneeaaeiaiue ia aoei.

O 8 oai?eo aeey aioe?aoetheniiai aianoiiico aoa aeei?enoaiee eaiae
aioo??oiueino?iii? aano?inoiie aeeiiaiee ?ai?oa.

Aeineoue aaaeeeaei iiiaioii o i?io?eaeoeoe? oai?ia OON ia?
i?aaeeueiee aea?? aeiaaeeie o?ainieaioaoa, ine?eueee i?e caiaaeoi
aeiaaiio o?ainieaioao? iaieio/a i?iaenaiiy eiai a ieaeiuei? 13 ?
ooai?aiiy o. ca. iieiai? iaoe?. Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy
?aoetheno ai?noo oeoiea a OON ia? i?aaeeueia ?icoaooaaiiy ? aea??
iaeaooiueiai o?ainieaioaoa. Aianoiiic ii iiaeeeaino? iaiao?aeii
aee?ithaaoe oaeei /eiii, uia eiai iiaeia aoei ?ici?noeoe a
?ciia?enoaeueoe/iiio iai?yieo. Aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? i?iaaaeaiiy
o?ainieaioaoa ? eiai ?icoaooaaiiy o caa?oaeeiiiio ooiae?, a oaeiae
?icoaooaaiiy noaeeiii? i?aeee o?ainieaioaoa. I?e aioeia?enoaeueoe/iiio
?icoaooaaii? o?ainieaioaoa a?i ?ici?uo?oueny ii na?aaei?e e?i?? ooiaeth
iaae noaeeiiith i?aeeith; i?e ?ciia?enoaeueoe/iiio — noaeeiia i?aeea
?icoaoiao?oueny ce?aa a?ae o?ainieaioaoa. I?e iaaeio?eiaii? oeeo i?aaee
iiaeeeaee ia?aaei noaeeiii? i?aeee ? ?? caeaaeaiiy aai iaoya noaeei ,
ui iaieio/a iicia/eoueny ia e?iaiiinoa/aii? o?ainieaioaoa ? iiaea
iaaeae? aeeeeeaoe ?oai?/i? yaeua a o?ainieaioao?.

Aeey i?io?eaeoeee ?aoetheno ai?noo oeoiea a o?ainieaioao, iaiao?aeii
onoiooe i?aeaeuaiee aioo?eoiueioeoieiaee oene, ui ia? i?noea i?e
noaiic? aeo?aeiiai a?aeae?eo oeoiea, iaoiiaeaiiai o?i?/iei ii?eii.
Oi?ioaaiiy aano?iaioa?iaianoiiico aeeiioaaeiny ca aeaiia aa??aioaie —
ia?aaei?e ia?aaeiueiiaiaeiaee ii Aaeueoea?o (5 oai?eo) aai caaei?e
caaeiueiaiaeiaee ii Aaeea?o (2 oai?eo).

AENIIAEE.

1. ?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? iaie caniae oi?ioaaiiy aioe?aoethenieo
aianoiiic?a i?ae oeoieii ? o?ainieaioaoii, a oaeiae i?ae o?ainieaioaoii
? no?aaioiaeii ia iniia? aea/aiiy ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i
aooio?ainieaioaoo aeicaieeee ciaioeoe e?euee?noue oai?ia OON, a iniia?
yeeo eaaeeoue ?aoethen ai?noo oeoiea a OON ?c 12,4 aei 5,4 %, cieceoe
/anoioo iaioe/ieo oai?ia c 12 aei 6%. Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie
aeey acioaaiieanoeee: 30 — 35 aei?a i?ney aano?inoii??, aeey oi?ioaaiiy
no?aaio?aeii- oianoieeoeiaiai aianoiiica ia oe? — 1,5 i?nyoey i?ney
acioaaiieanoeee.

2. Oeyoii ee?i?/iiai ? ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
oianoieeoeiaiai aooio?ainieaioaoo aeiaaaeaii, ui iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaei
oa?i?iii aeey acioaaiieanoeee ? ia??iae 4-5 oeaei?a i?ney oi?ioaaiiy
no?aaii?eeiaeueiiai naeua; aeey oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiico ia oe? ? ia??iae
a?ae 5 aei 7 oeaei?a i?ney AI.

3. Nenoaiaoeciaai? ii ao?ieia?/ieo, ee?i?/ieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo iciaeao
oai?iae OON. Anoaiiaeai? iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? ee?i?/i? i?iyae 19
aeae?a oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo.

4. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo cania?a o??o?a?/ii? ? eiina?aaoeaii?
ei?aeoe?? caoai?thaaiue OON aeicaieeei iie?ioeoe ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy
oai?eo ?c oaeeie oai?iaaie OON, ye ae?acee , a?ic??, iaioe/i? noaiice
OON, ii?eoe? aianoiiico ia oe?, ooieoe?iiaeuei? ? ?aoethen-caeaaei?
oai?iae OON, cai?iiiiiaai? caniae i?io?eaeoeee aeicaieeee cieceoe
/anoioo i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue ?c 16 aei 8%, caaaeueio
i?neyiia?aoe?eio eaoaeuei?noue c 8 aei 4%.

5. Iie?ioaii ?acoeueoaoe ? nei?i/aii oa?i?ie iaaeeei — nioe?aeueii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ?c oai?iaaie OON c 7 aei 4,5 i?nyoe?a ca ?aooiie
nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a aeeiiaiiy caa?oaeeiii? oianoieeoeiai?
acioaaiieanoeee.

I?AEOE*I?
?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. Aeey ciaioaiiy /anoioe aeieeiaiiy ?aoethen — acioaa?oo ooo/iiai
no?aaioiaeo iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaiiy aioe?aoetheniiai aianiiico i?ae
oeoieii ? aooio?ainieaioaoii.

2. Iioeiaeueiei oa?i?iii aeey aeeiiaiiy oianoieeoeiai? acioaaiieanoeee ?
ia??iae a?ae 1 aei 1,5 i?nyoe?a i?ney oi?ioaaiiy no?aaii?eeiaeueiiai
naeua, aeey oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiico ia oe? — oa?i?ie a?ae 1,5 aei 2
i?nyoe?a i?ney acioaaiieanoeee.

3 I?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaeno ae?aaiinoe/ieo, ii?oieia?/ieo, ooieoe?iiaeueieo
? a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieythoue nai?/anii aeyaeoe oo aai ?ioo
iaoieia?th ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo ? i?enooieoe aei
e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a.

4. Cai?iiiiiaai? caniae eiina?aaoeaii? ? o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? i?e
eiaei?e oai?ia? OON aeicaieythoue ciaioeoe o?eaae?noue iaaee/ii? ?
nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?oaoeaaee noaiicii no?aaioiaeo.

5. Aecia/aii oa?i?ie ? iieacaiiy aeey oe?o?a?/iiai ? eiina?aaoeaiiai
e?eoaaiiy oai?ia OON.

6. Aeieeiaiiy ii?eoeue aianoiiica ia oe? caeaaeeoue a?ae caniao
oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica i?ae aooio?ainieaioaoii ? OON. O ca’yceo c oeei
i?aaaaa aa?oi a?aeaeaaaoe aianoiiico “e?iaoeue o e?iaoeue”.

Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo ? ai?iaaaeaeaieo o i?aeoeeo cania?a
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?ia OON aeicaieeei cieceoe e?euee?noue
i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue aei 12%, caaaeueio eaoaeuei?noue aei 8 %
a oaeiae nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie iaaee/ii? ? nioe?aeueii — o?oaeiai?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? c 7,5 aei 4 i?nyoe?a.

IA?AE?E ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO ca OAIith
AeENA?OAOe??

1. Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. N?iee aicieeiiaaiey yca o?ainieaioaoa iinea
auiieiaiey ycioaaiieanoeee n eniieueciaaieai naaiaioa iaiaei/iie eeoee
“Eeeie/aneay oe?o?aey”. — 1998 aiae. — N 3. — N.45 — 46.

2. Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. Aieacie e iaoieiae/aneea ninoiyiey eneonnoaaiiiai
ieuaaiaea // “Eeeie/aneay oe?o?aey”. — 1998 aiae. — N 4. — N.7 – 9.

3. Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy ooo/iiai
oianoieeoeiaiai

no?aaioiaea “I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia”. – 1998 ?. — i. Euea?a — ? 3 – 4. —
N. 66 — 68

4. A.I.Aaeica?oeaa, O.E. Atheueiaiaaeia, I.E. Oiiaoaaneee, E.Ae.
Aoaeeiia, A.A. ss?iuae, I.O. Atheueiaiaaeia, A.E. Iaoaeaiei, I.I.
Oaaei?/oe, I.I. Aaoiaeia. Ioeaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe
ieuaaa?eoaeueiiai o?aeoa o aieueiuo n ?oaoeiaui noaiicii ieuaaiaea e
aeaeoaeea iinea oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey “A?oea eeeie/aneie e
yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaaeeoeeiu”. — 1998 aiae. — Oii 7. — ? 2. — N.
139-143.

5. I.O. Atheueiaiaaeia, I.I. Oaaei?/oe. Oe?o?ae/aneay oaeoeea i?e
ni/aoaiiii noaiica ieuaaiaea e aeaeoaeea iinea oeie/aneiai iaeiaa //
“Eeeie/aneay oe?o?aey”. — 1998 aiae. — ? 8. — N. 21-22.

6. Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. Iaioe/aneea caaieaaaiey eneonnoaaiiai ieuaaiaea
“A?oea eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaaeeoeeiu”. — 1999a. — oii 8.
— ?1. — N. 90 — 93.

7. Aaeica?oeaa A. I., ss?iuae A.A., Oiiaoaaneee I.E., Atheueiaiaaeia
I.O., Iaoaeaiei A.E., Oaaei?/oe I. I., Aeaiioieiae/aneea aniaeou ia
yoaiao oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aieueiuo n iineaaenoaeyie oeie/aneiai
iaeiaa ieuaaa?eoaeueiiai o?aeoa Aeiiaoee. — 1997 aiae. — Nai?iee noaoae
“I?iaeaiu cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey”. — N. 84 — 86.

8. O. E. Atheueiaiaaeia, A. I. Aaeica?oeaa, I. O. Atheueiaiaaeia, A. E.
Iaoaeaiei, I. I. Oaaei?/oe. “I?ioeeaeoeea ?aoethena aeaeoaei/iiai
niaea?aeeiiai a eneonnoaaiiue ieuaaiae” Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia,
iinayuaiiue 75 – eaoeth eaoaae?u oe?o?aee Eeaaneie iaaeeoeeineie
aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey IC Oe?aeiu . — a. Eeaa. — A?o. –
a?aoee — 1997 a. — N. 10 — 11

9. A. E. Iaoaeaiei I.I. Oaaei?/oe I. O. Atheueiaiaaeia. Aeeyiea neaiiai
iaoea ?oaoeiai — eciaiaiiiai ieuaaiaea ia auai? iaoiaea oi?ie?iaaiey
ieuaaiaeii-oienoieeoa/iiai aianoiiica ia oaa Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia,
iinayuaiiue 75 – eaoeth eaoaae?u oe?o?aee Eeaaneie iaaeeoeeineie
aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey IC Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa. — A?o –
a?aoee – 1997 a. — N. 7 – 8.

10. A. E. Iaoaeaiei, I. I. Oaaei?/oe, I. O. Atheueiaiaaeia. Auai?
iaoiaea oi?ie?iaaiey ieuai?eaiiie noiiu i?e ?oaoeiaii noaiica ieuaaiaea
e aeaeoaeea. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia, iinayuaiiue 75 – eaoeth eaoaae?u
oe?o?aee Eeaaneie iaaeeoeeineie aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey
IC Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa. — A?o – a?aoee – 1997 a. — N. 7 – 8.

11. A. E. Iaoaeaiei, I. I. Oaaei?/oe, I. O. Atheueiaiaaeia. I?e/eiu
noaiicia ieuaaiaeii-oienoieeoa/iuo aianoiiicia ia oaa. Nai?iee iao/iuo
o?oaeia, iinayuaiiue 75 – eaoeth eaoaae?u oe?o?aee Eeaaneie
iaaeeoeeineie aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey IC Oe?aeiu. 1997 a.
— Eeaa. — A?o – a?aoee. – N. 8 – 9.

12. O. E. Atheueiaiaaeia, A. I. Aaeica?oeaa, A. E. Iaoaeaiei, I. O.
Atheueiaiaaeia. Niinia oi?ie?iaaiey aioo?enoaii/iiai ieuai?eaiiiai
naeua i?e iaee/ee oeie/aneeo iaeiaia ieuaaiaea e aeaeoaeea. Nai?iee
iao/iuo o?oaeia, iinayuaiiue 75 – eaoeth eaoaae?u oe?o?aee eeaaneie
iaaeeoeeineie aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey IC Oe?aeiu. — 1997
a. – Eeaa. — A?o – a?aoee.- N. 11-12.

13. O. E. Atheueiaiaaeia, A. I. Aaeica?oeaa, A. A. ss?iuae, I. E.
Oiiaoaaneee, I. O. Atheueiaiaaeia. Ea/anoaaiiua ?acoeueoaou
iaaeeoeeineie ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo n iineaaenoaeyie oeie/aneeo iaeiaia
ieuaaiaea. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia, iinayuaiiue 75 – eaoeth eaoaae?u
oe?o?aee Eeaaneie iaaeeoeeineie aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey
IC Oe?aeiu.- 1997 a. — Eeaa. — A?o – a?aoee — N. 8 – 9.

14. Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. Eeeie/aneia oa/aiea e ii?oieiae/aneay
oa?aeoa?enoeea yca eneonnoaaiiiai oienoieeoa/iiai ieuaaiaea.
Iaoa?eaeu 2 eiia?anna oe?o?aia Oe?aeiu. – 1998 a. –
Aeiiaoee. — N. 517 – 518.

15. Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. I?ioeeaeoeea ?aoethena aeaeoaei/iiai
niaea?aeeiiai a eneonnoaaiiue ieuaaiae. Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu
iaaeeoeeiu Aeiiaanna, oacenu iao/iuo o?oaeia iieiaeuo o/aiuo. –
Aeiiaoee. — 1997 aiae. — N. 15 -16.

16. Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. Iaeioi?ua aniaeou oi?ie?iaaiey
aeaeoaei/ii-oienoieeoa/iuo aianoiiicia o aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo
ycioaaiieanoeeo naaiaioii oienoie eeoee. Nai?iee ?aaio iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee oe?o?aia, iinayuaiiie 100 -–eaoeth ni aeiy ?iaeaeaiey i?io.
N. I. Oaaeeioey. – Oaeai?iae. – 1997 aiae. — N. 87 — 88.

17. O. E. Atheueiaiaaeia, A. I. Aaeica?oeaa, A. I. Oaii, A. I.
Ianoa?aiei, I. O. Atheueiaiaaeia. Artificial esophagus made out of
colon optimization of surgical tactics of coloesophagoplasty. Nai?iee
o?oaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai “Oaeuee – neiiiceoia” — a. Eueaia. — 1997 a.
— N. 276

18. I. O. Atheueiaiaaeia. I iaoiaaiaca iaeioi?uo eio?aiia?aoeeiiiuo
ineiaeiaiee oienoieeoa/iie ycioaaiieanoeee e ia?ao eo i?ioeeaeoeee. //
”Aii?inu yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie iaaeeoeeiu”, nai?iee noaoae,
/anoue 2. — Aeiiaoee. — 1997 aiae. — N. 39 — 41

AIIOAOe?ss

Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. Oai?iae ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo:
i?e/eie, e?eoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeea.

— ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.03 — O??o?a?y. — Aei?i?iiao?ianueea
aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy, ae?aaiinoeee, ee?i?ee,
ii?oieia??, o??o?a?/iiai ? eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy , a oaeiae
i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo. ?iaioa
aaco?oueny ia aea/aii? 168 oai?eo ?c ?oaoeaaui noaiicii no?aaioiaeo
aiane?aeie o?i?/iiai ii?eo.

Oai?iae ooo/iiai oianoieeoeiaiai no?aaioiaeo caeeoathoueny iaei??th c
iaeiaio aea/aieo i?iaeai a?aeiiaii? o??o?a?? no?aaioiaeo, o ca’yceo c
/ei ? i?iaaaeaia aea/aiiy ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i o OONo ??ci? oa?i?ie i?ney
AI, ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue OON i?e ??ciiiai?oieo aeaeao iaoieia??
inoaiiueiai. Aea/aia aeeiai?ea ?I oeoiea ? OON o ??ci? oa?i?ie i?ney
AI, a oaeiae ?? aieea ia aeieeiaiiy oai?ia OON. Cai?iiiiiaai? ?
ai?iaaaeaeai? caniae o??o?a?/iiai ? eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy oai?ia
OON.

Cai?iiiiiaai? caniae oi?ioaaiiy aioe?aoethenieo aianoiiic?a i?ae oeoieii
? oianoieeoeiaei aooio?ainieaioaoii aeicaieeee cieceoe /anoioo
aeieeiaiiy ?aoethen — acioaa?oa OON o 3 ?ace, a oaeiae ciaioeoe
e?euee?noue oai?ia OON, a iniia? yeeo eaaeeoue ?aoethen oi?noo oeoiea a
OON, cieceoe /enei ani??aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue i?ney oianoieeoeiaie
acioaaiieanoeee. Aecia/aii iieacaiiy, ianya ? oa?i?ie aeeiiaiiy
o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue i?e oai?iaao OON, iieacaiiy aeey eiina?aaoeaiiai
e?eoaaiiy oai?ia inoaiiueiai.

Oai?iae OON nenoaiaoeciaai? ca ee?i?ei — ii?oieia?/ieo e?eoa??yo oai?ia
OON.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo, ui aeicaieeei
nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie iaaee/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ?c
?oaoeaaei noaiicii no?aaioiaeo aiane?aeie o?i?/iiai ii?eo c 7,5 aei 4
i?nyoe?a, ciaioeoe eaoaeuei?noue i?ney OAI o 1,5 ?ace.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oianoa eeoea, caa?oaeeiia oianoieeoeiaa
acioaaiieanoeea, ooo/iee no?aaioiae, oai?iae, e?eoaaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Atheueiaiaaeia I.O. Aieacie eneonnoaaiiiai oienoieeoa/iiai ieuaaiaea:
i?e/eiu, ea/aiea, i?ioeeaeoeea.

– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.03 – oe?o?aey. – Aeiai?iiao?ianeay
ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey, a. Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey, aeeaaiinoeee,
eeeieee, ii?oieiaee, oe?o?ae/aneiai e eiina?aaoeaiiai ea/aiey , a
oaeaea i?ioeeaeoeee aieaciae eneonnoaaiiiai oienoieeoa/iiai
ieuaaiaea. ?aaioa aace?oaony ia eco/aiee 168 aieueiuo n ?oaiaui
noaiicii ieuaaiaea aneaaenoaea oeie/aneiai iaeiaa.

Aieacie eneonnoaaiiiai oienoieeoa/iiai ieuaaiaea inoathony iaeiie ec
iaeiaiaa eco/aiiuo i?iaeai ainnoaiiaeoaeueiie oe?o?aee ieuaaiaea, a
nayce n /ai i?iaaaeaii eco/aiea ii?oieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee a EOI a
?aciua n?iee iinea YI, ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?ooaiee EOI i?e ?acee/iuo
aeaeao iaoieiaee iineaaeiaai. Eco/aia aeeiaieea ?I aeaeoaeea e EOI a
?aciua n?iee iinea YI, a oaeaea aa aeeyiea ia aicieeiiaaiea aieaciae
EOI. I?aaeeiaeaiu e aiaae?aiu niiniau oe?o?ae/aneiai e
eiina?aaoeaiiai ea/aiey aieaciae EOI.

I?aaeeiaeaiiua niiniau oi?ie?iaaiey aioe?aoetheniuo aianoiiicia
iaaeaeo aeaeoaeeii e oienoieeoa/iui aooio?ainieaioaoii iicaieeee
nieceoue /anoioo aicieeiiaaiey ?aoethen – ycioaaeoa EOI a 3 ?aca, a
oaeaea oiaiueoeoue eiee/anoai aieaciae EOI, a iniiaa eioi?uo eaaeeo
?aoethen niaea?aeeiiai aeaeoaeea a EOI, nieceoue /enei anie?aoeeiiiuo
ineiaeiaiee iinea oienoieeoa/iie ycioaaiieanoeee. Ii?aaeaeaiu
iieacaiey, iauai e n?iee auiieiaiey oe?o?ae/aneeo aiaoaoaeuenoa i?e
aieaciyo EOI, iieacaiey aeey eiina?aaoeaiiai ea/aiey aieaciae
iineaaeiaai.

Aieacie EOI nenoaiaoece?iaaiu ii eeeieei — ii?oieiae/aneiio e?eoa?eth
aieacie EOI.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aiaae?aiu a i?aeoeeo, /oi iicaieeei
nie?aoeoue n?iee iaaeeoeeineie e nioeeaeueiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo n
?oaoeiaui noaiicii ieuaaiaea aneaaenoaea oeie/aneiai iaeiaa n 7,5 aei
4 ianyoeaa, oiaiueoeoue eaoaeueiinoue iinea OYI a 1,5 ?aca.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oienoay eeoea, caa?oaeeiiay oienoieeoa/iay
ycioaaiieanoeea, eneonnoaaiiue ieuaaiae, aieacie, ea/aiea.

SUMMARY

Gulmamedov P. F. Diseases of artificial esophagus reasons treatment
prophylacty. – Manuscript.

The thesis for the degree of candidate of medicine by speciality 14. 01.
03 — the surgery — Dniepropetrovsk State Medical Academy,
Dniepropetrovsk ,1999.

The thesis contains the results of diagnostyks reasons surgical and
conservativ treatment also prophylacty of diseases of artificial
esophagus the use of the method of 168 patients with chemical born of
esophagus. Analyzed causes of peptic diseases and mechanism of gastric
content reflux into transplantat different types of anastomosis
formation including intrasecal one have been compared with each other.
Artificial colonic oesophageal diseases are still one of
the less studied problem in oesophageal restorative surgery.
Thus ACD morphologic studies it is functional disorders
were studies different terms after coloesophagoplasty.
Gastric and ACD pH dynamics and it s implication one ACD pH
diseases appearence were studies at different terms after
surgery. Original surgical and conservative strategies were
developed and applicated.

The developed technigues of antireflux stomach to neoesofagus
anastomosis constraction decreased the ACO reflux – oesophagitis
rate 3 types.

Application of the obtained results in clinical practice
decreased the terms of medical and social reabilitation of
the patients with chemical burns of the oesophagus from 7 to
4,5 monthes and letality up to 1,5 times.

Key words: large bowel, retrosternal coloesophagoplasty,
artificial esophagus, diseases, treatment.

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