Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?INOEOOO A?Ae?IIAOAI?EE

Eii?na?iaa Aaeeia Eaii?ae?aia

OAeE 534.1

OAEEUeIA? AOAEOE A I?INOI?IAEO CAAeA*AO

EIEEAAIUe OA ?ICIIANTHAeAEAIIss OAEEUe O I?OAEIEO O?EAO OeEE?IAe?E*II?
OI?IE

01.04.06 aeonoeea

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

EE?A ( 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a ?inoeooo? iaoai?ee ?i. N.I. Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, i.
Ee?a.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe,
i?ioani?

A??I*AIEI A?eoi? Oeiio?eiae/,

?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI
Oe?a?ie,

aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe,
i?ioani?

OE?OEI Aiae??e Oaioaiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
O. Oaa/aiea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith

aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe

IAEAOEI Ay/aneaa
Aieiaeeie?iae/,

?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee
IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

EAEEI Ieaenaiae?
A?eai?iae/,

Aea?aeaaiee IAe?
a?ae?ii?eeaae?a,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai iaoai?ee ?

iaoaiaoeee ?i. ss. N.
I?aeno?eaa/a

IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a,

a?aeae?e oai???
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo iie?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.196.01 a ?inoeooo? a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:

252057, i. Ee?a(57, aoe. AEaeyaiaa, 8/4,

oae. (044) 446(43(13, oaen (044) 446(42(29.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 17 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe N. ?.
E?eeue

i?ioani?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A no/ani?e aeonoeoe? ii?yae ?c oaeeie o?aaeeoe?eieie iai?yieaie, ye
ioce/ia ? a?o?oaeoo?ia aeonoeea, aeaeo?iaeonoeea, oai??y aeeo?aeoe??
oaeeue, oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny e iia? iai?yiee: a?i- oa a?ae?iaeonoeea,
caoeiaa oaoi?ea, ia?oei?ai? iaoiaee eiio?ieth oa ae?aaiinoeee,
oeueo?acaoeiaa oaoiieia?y oiui. I?e anueiio ?icia?oo? yaeu, ye?
cono??/athoueny a ??cieo iaeanoyo aeonoeee, on? aiie a?oioothoueny ia
caeiiii??iinoyo, ye? ? ni?eueieie aeey aeia?eueieo i?oaeieo oaeeue.

Niaoeeo?ea oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a i?oaeieo o?eao iaoiiaeaia iayai?noth
aeaio oei?a oaeeue (?icoe?aiiy ? cnoao) oa ?o o?ainoi?iaoe??th ia
a?aie/ieo iiaa?oiyo. Oeei iiynith?oueny a?eueo neeaaeia ea?oeia
oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a i?oaeieo o?eao a ii??aiyii? ?c ??aeeiiei
na?aaeiaeuai, aeey yeiai ia?ii o?eueee iaeio oaeeth. Oiio ?nio? nooo?aa
a?aei?ii?noue a aeonoe/i?e iiaaae?ioe? i?oaeieo o?e ? ??aeei.

I?iaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaaii ia aea/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a i?oaeieo o?eao oeee?iae?e/ii?
oi?ie i?e a?aooaaii? ?yaeo oneeaaeithth/eo oaeoi??a: ne?i/aiiino?
i?oaeiiai o?ea; ??cieo oei?a a?aie/ieo oiia, a oiio /ene? ci?oaieo;
ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy; aca?iiae?? c ??aeeiiei na?aaeiaeuai;
caoooaiiy ca ?aooiie aei?ii?ithaaiiy aia?a?? a ioi/oth/a na?aaeiaeua.
?icaeyiooi o?e eeane caaea/: aa?iii?eia eieeaaiiy; ianoaoe?iia?ia
aeaoi?ioaaiiy e?oaeeo ieanoei, nooe?eueiiai oa ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae??a
ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie; ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue a i?oaeii-??aeeiieo
oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oeeo eean?a caaea/
canoiniaaii ?aeeiee i?aeo?ae: i?inoi?iaa iinoaiiaea a?aie/ieo caaea/,
?aeeiee iaoiae ?ica’yceo—iaoiae noia?iiceoe?? (aeey ne?i/aieo i?oaeieo
o?e) oa aeeiiaii eiai iaoaiaoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a ??cieo i?eno?iyo no/anii?
oaoi?ee aeaiaio?a oeio oiieeo aeene?a oa oeee?iae?e/ieo noa?aei?a a
yeino? caoaeiee?a ? i?eeia/?a eieeaaiue, ?aciiaoi??a, eiioeaio?aoi??a,
aeaiaio?a iaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a, ui i?aoeththoue a oiiaao aeniei/anoioieo
eieeaaiue, aenoioei a ?yae aeooaeueieo caaea/o ?icaeoeo iaoiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue /anoioieo niaeo??a oa oi?i eieeaaiue. O oeeo aeiaaeeao
a?aooaaiiy i?inoi?iaiai oa?aeoa?o ?oo?a /anoeiie o?ea i?e ?ica’yceo
a?aie/ieo caaea/ aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe aeinoia??io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
iniaeeaino? oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny.

I?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue oa
caoaeaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai iiey iaiai?aaeaiei aeaea?aeii a
i?oaeii-??aeeiieo oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao a caeaaeiino? a?ae
no?oeoo?e oaeeaaiae?a, aaiiao?e/ieo oa o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a ?
aeooaeueieie ieoaiiyie no/anii? oai??? oaeeue. ?acoeueoaoe oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny a oaeeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
aaeocyo, ye aeonoiaeaeo?ii?ea, aaiaeonoeea, naeniieia?y,
oeueo?aaeonoe/ia aeaoaeoineii?y oa ?io?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?acoeueoaoe yeeo aeeeaaeaii a aeena?oaoe??, ia?aaeaa/ai? i?ia?aiaie oa
ieaiaie iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ii i?e?iaeie/ei iaoeai ia 1980(1990 ??.
AI N?N? ? AI O?N? oa ieaiaie ia 1991–1997 ??. IAI Oe?a?ie ? oa?eoee aei
ca?o?a ii oaiai. Cie?aia: N 143 “Ianoaoeeiia?iia aeaoi?ie?iaaiea
oeeeeiae?e/aneeo iaiei/ae n o/aoii aaiiao?e/aneie iaeeiaeiinoe,
iaiaeii?iaeiinoe iaoa?eaea e acaeiiaeaenoaey n aeeaeeinoueth” (N A?
01840086839), N 277 “Aeeiai?/i? i?ioeane a iie?aa?aaaoieo
nenoaiao—i?oaeieo aeaiaioao eiino?oeoe?e c ??aeeiith aai aaciaei
iioieii, iane/aieo ??aeeiith i?oaeieo na?aaeiaeu” (N Ae? 0195V009592),
caaaeueiinithcia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia i?ia?aia 0.51 I?ia?aiia AEIO 0.0402
(Nicaeaoue i?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiaee e oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa aeey
nii?oaeaiey iaooai?iaiaeia, aacii?iaiaeia aunieie iaaeaaeiinoe), i?iaeo
1/232 (oeo? “Aeae?ioi?oainoue”) “Enneaaeiaaiey aeeiaie/aneeo i?ioeannia
aeae?ioi?oaiai acaeiiaeaenoaey oae ni n?aaeie”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue o:

?ic?iaoe? oa ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo aiae?co i?inoi?iaeo oaeeueiaeo
i?ioean?a a i?oaeieo oeee?iae?e/ieo o?eao ne?i/aiieo ?ici???a ?
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue a neeaaeaieo oaeeaaiaeieo no?oeoo?ao;

ioe?ioe? aieeao a?aie/ieo oiia ia caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy /anoioiiai
niaeo?a oa oi?i eieeaaiue nooe?eueiiai ? ii?iaeienoiai ne?i/aiieo
oeee?iae??a oa ia aeenia?n?ei? aeanoeaino? ii?iaeueieo oaeeue
a?aeiia?aeieo oaeeaaiae?a;

aeyaeaii? ca’yceo i?ae aeenia?n?eieie aeanoeainoyie ii?iaeueieo oaeeue a
iane?i/aiieo o?eao oa iniaeeainoyie oi?ioaaiiy /anoioiiai niaeo?a oa
oi?i eieeaaiue ne?i/aiieo i?oaeieo o?e;

aiae?c? iniaeeainoae iaaa?iii?eieo i?inoi?iaeo oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a
oeee?iae?ao ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie;

anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue oa caoaeaeaiiy
oaeeueiaiai iiey iaiai?aaeaiei aeaea?aeii a i?oaeii-??aeeiieo
oaeeaaiaeao;

ioe?ioe? a?aieoeue canoinoaaiiy i?eeeaaeieo oai??e ia iniia? oi/ieo
i?inoi?iaeo ?ica’yce?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o:

1. Iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo iaoiaeo noia?iiceoe?? noiniaii noaoe?iia?ii?
ci?oaii? oa ianoaoe?iia?ii? a?aie/ieo caaea/ aeey oeee?iae?a ne?i/aiii?
aeiaaeeie.

2. Iiaoaeia? oi/ieo i?inoi?iaeo ?ica’yce?a caaea/ aa?iii?eieo oa
iaaa?iii?eieo eieeaaiue nooe?eueiiai ? ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae??a
ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie oa anoaiiaeaii?:

iiaeo iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy /anoioiiai niaeo?a oa oi?i eieeaaiue,
cie?aia, e?aeiai? iiaee e?oaei? ieanoeie, nooe?eueiiai ? ii?iaeienoiai
oeee?iae??a a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aie/ieo oiia oa aeenia?n?eieo
aeanoeainoae ii?iaeueieo oaeeue a?aeiia?aeieo oaeeaaiae?a;

iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?inoi?iaeo iie?a ia?ai?uaiue oa
iai?oaeaiue a nooe?eueiiio oa ii?iaeienoiio ne?i/aiieo oeee?iae?ao ? a
e?euee?ni?e ioe?ioe? aoaeo?a oieonoaaiiy oaeeue ia in? oeee?iae?a.

3. Anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ii?iaeueieo oaeeue,
ia?aiino aia?a?? oa caoaeaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai iiey oi/eiaei aa?iii?eiei
aeaea?aeii a i?oaeii-??aeeiieo oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao caeaaeii a?ae
?o no?oeoo?e ? o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a neeaaeiaeo oa /anoioe aeaea?aea i?e
a?aooaaii? caoooaiiy ca ?aooiie aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?:

a ioe?ioe? a?aieoeue canoinoaaiiy i?eeeaaeieo oai??e no?aaei?a, ieanoei
oa iaieiiie ia iniia? oi/ieo i?inoi?iaeo ?ica’yce?a;

a iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy niaeo?aeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa iaaa?iii?eieo oaeeueiaeo iie?a ieanoei, nooe?eueieo ?
ii?iaeienoeo ne?i/aiieo oeee?iae??a a ?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe? i?e
i?iaeooaaii? aeaiaio?a eieeaaeueieo nenoai, ye? i?aoeththoue a oiiaao
aeniei/anoioieo eieeaaiue aai oaeaeeici?iieo iaaaioaaeaiue;

a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ii?iaeueieo oaeeue ?
oaeeueiaiai iiey, yea caoaeaeo?oueny oi/eiaei aa?iii?eiei aeaea?aeii, a
i?oaeii-??aeeiieo oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao oa a iiaeeeaino? ??
aeei?enoaiiy a aeonoiaeaeo?ii?oe?, aai- ? a?ae?iaeonoeoe?, naeniieia??
oa ?io.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee, aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie, a oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe
?ica’yceo eiie?aoieo caaea/ aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e aeeiiaii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o a?aeae?eo aeeiai?ee iie?aa?aaaoieo nenoai
?inoeoooo iaoai?ee ?i. N.I. Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, a ?ic?aooieia?e
i?aeoeoe? AIAe? O?ainiao (Eai?ia?aae), EIAeO A?ae?ii?eeaae?a (Ee?a), EO
AIAe?AO?a (Ee?a).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a aei iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ?c
ni?aaaoi?aie, ianooiiee: a i?aoeyo [1, 4, 6, 13, 15, 17, 18, 20, 23(25,
27, 28, 30, 32, 33], iaae?oeiaaieo ?acii c iaoeiaei eiinoeueoaioii
aeaae. IAI Oe?a?ie A.O. A??i/aiei, aaoi?ii aeeiiaii iinoaiiaeo oa
?ica’ycie caaea/, ?ic?iaeo aeai?eoi?a oa ?o ?aae?caoe?th, aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a. A.O. A??i/aiei iaeaaeeoue aea?? caaaeueiiai iai?yieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iinoaiiaea ie?aieo caaea/ oa o/anoue a iaaiai?aii?
?acoeueoao?a ?ica’yceo. A ?iaioao [5, 16, 36] aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue
oai?aoe/ia /anoeia, a ?ic?aooiee oa aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaii ?acii
?c ni?aaaoi?aie. Naiino?eii iioae?eiaaii 18 ?ia?o [2, 3, 7(12, 14, 19,
21, 22, 26, 29, 31, 34, 35, 37].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
ii?eethaeiaii a?eueo i?ae ia 10 iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, neiiic?oiao,
nai?ia?ao, cie?aia: ia Ananithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo ii noaoeoe? oa
aeeiai?oe? i?inoi?iaeo eiino?oeoe?e (Ee?a, 1978 ?., 1985 ?.); I oa II
Ananithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo ii oai??? i?oaeiino? (??aaai, 1979 ?.,
Oa?e?n?, 1984 ?.); II Ananthci?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ci?oai? caaea/? iaoai?ee
aeaoi?i?aieo o?e” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1981 ?.); III Ananithciiio
neiiic?oi? ii o?ceoe? aeonoia?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo yaeu oa iioiaeonoeoe?
(Oaoeaio, 1982 ?.); eiioa?aioe?? “Aa?ia?ae?ii?oaei?noue aeaiaio?a iaoei
oa nii?oae” (Naaanoiiieue, 1990 ?.); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iiaeaethaaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy no?eeino? nenoai” (Ee?a, 1997 ?.) oa
?io.

A iiaiiio ianyc? aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iaaiai?thaaeanue ia nai?ia?ao
i?io?eueieo eaoaae? Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a?aeae?eo aeeiai?ee
iie?aa?aaaoieo nenoai, nai?ia?? ii iai?yieo “Oai??y eieeaaiue oa
no?ee?noue ?ooo iaoai?/ieo nenoai”, ia caaaeueii?inoeooonueeiio nai?ia??
“Iaoai?ea aeaoi?i?aieo nenoai ? caaaeueia iaoai?ea” ?inoeoooo iaoai?ee
?i. N.I. Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, ia ?anioae?eainueeiio nai?ia?? c
a?ae?iiaoai?ee i?e ?inoeooo? a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 37 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo.
Na?aae ieo:

— 27 noaoae a i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo aeaaeai?/ieo aeo?iaeao Oe?a?ie
[1(3,5(10, 13(15, 17(20, 22(32];

— 5 noaoae a ia??iaee/ieo ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue [4, 11, 12, 16,
21];

— 5 ioae?eaoe?e a ca??ieeao i?aoeue ? iaoa??aeao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e
[33(37].

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, ainueie
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a. Iiaiee ianya noaiiaeoue 315 noi??iie. Iniiaiee
oaeno aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 228 noi??iie. Ie??i iniiaiiai oaenoo
aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 104 ?enoiee ia 34 noi??ieao, 17 oaaeeoeue oa
nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c 314 iaeiaioaaiue ia 39 noi??ieao.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo aaey/i?noue nai?io iaoeiaiio eiinoeueoaioo
aeaae. IAI Oe?a?ie A.O. A??i/aieo ca iino?eio oaaao aei ?iaioe oa
ei?eni? ii?aaee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? aena?oeaii i?iaeaio ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee aiae?co oa ??
?aae?caoe?? aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeainoae noaoe?iia?iiai oa
ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?oaeieo o?e ne?i/aiieo ?ici???a oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue a neeaaeaieo oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao;
iaa?oioiaaii iaoo ?iaioe; iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo iaoeiai? iiaecie oa
i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii noai aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue
noaoe?iia?iiai oa ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?oaeieo o?e ne?i/aiieo
?ici???a oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue a i?oaeii-??aeeiieo oeee?iae?e/ieo
oaeeaaiaeao. I?iaaaeaiee iaeyae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieaco?, ui iayai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy c ?icaeyiooeo a ?iaio? i?iaeai aeeiiai?, aieiaiei /eiii,
a ?aieao i?eeeaaeieo oai??e, ye? iani?iiiaei? aecia/eoe iniaeeaino?
aa?iii?eieo oa iaaa?iii?eieo oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a ae?aiacii? aenieeo
/anoio.

A iaeano? aeeiai?/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?oaeieo o?e cia/i? ?acoeueoaoe
io?eiaii a i?aoeyo ?.?. Ai?iae/a, A.A. Aieia/aia, I.I. Aii?eea, A.O.
A??i/aiea, I.I. Aocy, A.A. Ea?iaooiaa, I.N. Einiiaeai?ainueeiai, A.A.
Iaeaoea, ?.E. Nai/aieiaa, A.?. Noi?iaeaaa, A.O. Oe?oea, I.I. Ooeueae oa
?io. Ia iayai?noue oaeeo niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae aeeiai?/iiai
aeaoi?ioaaiiy ieanoei ? oeee?iae??a, ye e?aeiaee, oiaueiiee oa
?aae?aeueiee ?aciiaine, ui niinoa??aathoueny i?e a?aeiinii aenieeo
/anoioao, aeacoaaeinue a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?iaioao ?.I. Aieyi?ii?,
Ie?aa?a, Iii?, Oio, Aoea?a ? Naaa?a oa ?io. Aacia?a/ii, ui aiae?oe/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy oeeo yaeu iaiiaeeeaa ia iniia? i?eeeaaeieo oai??e. A
a?eueoino? oai?aoe/ieo ?ia?o cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue iiaeieaiith
iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa iaoaiaoe/ieo o?oaeiiu?a, ui aeieeathoue i?e ?ica’yceo
i?inoi?iaeo a?aie/ieo caaea/, oa anoaiiaeaiith iiaeeeainoae ??cieo
i?aeoiae?a. Iniaeeaino? /anoioieo niaeo??a oa oi?i eieeaaiue i?oaeieo
o?e ne?i/aiieo ?ici???a nenoaiaoe/ii ia aea/aeenue.

?ica’ycee i?inoi?iaeo a?aie/ieo caaea/, ui ?niothoue a e?oa?aoo??, a
iniiaiiio ? iaaeeaeaieie ? oiio aeicaieythoue iaea?aeoaaoe aeani?
/anoioe a iaiaaeai?e iaeano? /anoio. Oi/i? ?ica’ycee i?inoi?iaeo
a?aie/ieo caaea/ aeey i?oaeieo o?e ne?i/aiieo ?ici???a io?eiaii a
?iaioao A.O. A??i/aiea ? A.O. Oe?oea ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaiiai iaoiaeo noia?iiceoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoioieo niaeo??a
oa e?aeiai? ? oiaueiii? iiae a i?yiieooi?e oa e?oae?e ieanoeiao aeey
ia?oi? iniiaii? a?aie/ii? caaea/? oai??? i?oaeiino? i?e neiao?e/iiio
iai?oaeaiiio noai? aeeiiaii a ?iaioao A.O. A??i/aiea ? A.A. Iaeaoea.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iaeyae iaoiae?a aiae?oe/ieo ?ica’yce?a
i?inoi?iaeo a?aie/ieo caaea/ oai??? i?oaeiino?. Oe?iea canoinoaaiiy
ciaeoee iaoiaee iaeii??aeieo ?ica’yce?a oa noia?iiceoe??. Iaeaeaa
iaoiaee aeei?enoiaothoue iaai?e /anoeiieo ?ica’yce?a aaeoi?iiai ??aiyiiy
Eaia a na?aaeei? iaeano?, ye? aieiae?thoue iaiao?aeiei nooiaiai
a?eueiino? aeey caaeiaieaiiy oiia ia a?aie/ieo iiaa?oiyo o?ea. A?aei?ia
oeeo iaoiae?a iieyaa? a aeei?enoaii? ??cieo iaai??a /anoeiieo
?ica’yce?a. A iaoiae? iaeii??aeieo ?ica’yce?a aeei?enoiaothoue /anoeii?
?ica’ycee aeey iane?i/aiiiai oaeeaaiaea c a?eueiith a?/iith iiaa?oiath.
Iaoiae noia?iiceoe?? caniiaaii ia ?aea? Eaia, ca?aeii yei? caaaeueiee
?ica’ycie caaea/? aeey ne?i/aiiiai o?ea aoaeo?oueny o aeaeyae?
noia?iiceoe?? aeae?eueeio ?ica’yce?a.

Iaeyae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a yeeo ?ica’ycie i?inoi?iaeo a?aie/ieo caaea/
(noaoe/ieo oa aeeiai?/ieo) aeeiiaii ia iniia? iaoiae?a iaeii??aeieo
?ica’yce?a oa noia?iiceoe??, iaaaaeaii a iiiia?ao?yo A.O. A??i/aiea,
A.O. A??i/aiea ? A.A. Iaeaoea oa iaeyaeiaeo i?aoeyo A.E. Aa?aiyia ?
I.ss. Ieaenaiae?iaa, ?.?. Ai?iae/a, A.TH. Aeaeaiae?aeca ? A.E.
I?ieiiiaa.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae noia?iiceoe??. Iaoaiaoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeo noia?iiceoe?? oa aeiaaaeaiiy eiai aea?aaeaioiino?
iaoiaeo iaeii??aeieo ?ica’yce?a i?iaaaeaii a ?iaioao A.I. Eiyeiae/a,
A.E. Aa?aiyia, A.O. A??i/aiea, A.O. Oe?oea, I.I. Aii?eea ? A.A. Iaeaoea.
Ia?aaaaa iaoiaeo noia?iiceoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i aeicaiey?
io?eioaaoe oi/i? ?ica’ycee i?inoi?iaeo a?aie/ieo caaea/ aeey i?oaeieo
o?e ne?i/aiieo ?ici???a oa i?iaiaeeoe ia/eneaiiy c aoaeue-yeith o?ce/ii
ii?aaaeaiith oi/i?noth.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?oi? iniiaii? a?aie/ii?
caaea/? oai??? i?oaeiino? aeey oeee?iae?a ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie. Iniiaith
aiae?co /anoioieo niaeo??a ? oi?i eieeaaiue neoao? ?ica’ycie caaea/? i?i
aeiooai? inaneiao?e/i? eieeaaiiy oeee?iae?a. ?icaeyaeathoueny ianooii?
aea? i?inoi?ia? a?aie/i? caaea/?:

,

(i=1,2) . (1)

Ia?i?e ooieoe?? f1(z)–=–f1((z) a?aeiia?aea? neiao?e/iee iai?oaeaiee noai
(NIN), iaia?i?e f2(z)–=–(f2((z) ( aioeneiao?e/iee (AIN). Ooieoe?? f1(z)
? f2(z) aaaaeathoueny aeinoaoiuei aeaaeeeie. ?ica’ycie a?aie/ii? caaea/?
(1) ca?aeii iaoiaeo noia?iiceoe?? iae?a?ii o aeaeyae? noie ?ica’yce?a
aeey oa?o oa oeee?iae?a. O aeiaaeeo aioeneiao?e/iiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio
eiiiiiaioe aaeoi?a ia?ai?uaiue i?ney a?aeie?aieaiiy /aniaiai iiiaeieea
iathoue aeaeyae:

,

. (3)

Ooo VD, VS ( oaeaeeino? oaeeue ?ico??aiiy oa cnoao, ( ( iiaeoeue cnoao,
m ( /enei Ioanniia, R ( ?aae?on, 2H ( aenioa oeee?iae?a, J0, J1, I0, I1
( ooieoe?? Aannaey. Ca oaeiai aeai?o ?ica`yceo oiiae aeey aeioe/ieo
iai?oaeaiue aeeiiothoueny oioiaeiuei, a oiiae aeey ii?iaeueieo
iai?oaeaiue i?ecaiaeyoue aei iane?i/aiii? nenoaie aeaaa?a?/ieo ??aiyiue
a?aeiinii iaa?aeiieo xn ? yj

. (4)

Iane?i/aiia nenoaia (4( ? eaac??aaoey?iith, iaa?aeii? yei? iathoue oae?
aneiioioe/i? cia/aiiy

. (5)

I?e ia?aoiae? aei ne?i/aiii? nenoaie iieeaaea?ii

. (6)

. Aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeai? aeey NIN. Ia iniia?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (6) i?iaiaeeii ei?aeoio ?aaeoeoe?th iane?i/aiii? nenoaie
oa iie?ioo?ii ca?aei?noue ?yae?a aeey ia?ai?uaiue oa iai?oaeaiue ia
a?aie/ieo iiaa?oiyo oeee?iae?a. Iaea?aeaia ne?i/aiia nenoaia ??aiyiue
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae nenoaie, io?eiaii? iaoiaeii i?inoi? ?aaeoeoe??,
eeoa eiao?oe??ioaie i?e xN ? yJ. Aea oey, caeaaaeinue ae iacia/ia,
??cieoey iaoiiaeth? i?eioeeiiao ye?nio ?o a?aei?io: oey ne?i/aiia
nenoaia aeicaiey? aecia/eoe an? iaa?aeii? aeo?aeii? iane?i/aiii?
nenoaie; aecia/iee oe??? nenoaie ? a?eueo oi/iei /anoioiei aecia/ieeii.

*anoioiee ?ioa?aae, a yeiio ciaoiaeeoueny aeania /anoioa, aecia/a?ii ii
nooiaith aeeiai?/iino? iai?oaeaiiai noaio ? eiai i?ioeoaciino? ia
e?ioeyo ?ioa?aaea. Aiae?c /anoioieo niaeo??a i?iaiaeeii ia oe? aeaieo
i?i aeenia?n?ei? aeanoeaino? ii?iaeueieo oaeeue o a?aeiia?aeieo
iane?i/aiieo o?eao. A?aei?ii?noue aeenia?n?eieo niaeo??a oa?o aeey
aeiaaee?a NIN ? AIN iieyaa? o oiio, ui a?ae’?iio e?eaecio ia? i?e NIN
ae?oaa ae?enia a?oea, i?e AIN—o?aoy a?oea. A?ooe? c a?ae’?iiith
e?eaeciith a?aeiia?aea? “cai?ioia oaeey”, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
i?ioeeaaeieie ciaeaie oaciai? ? a?oiiai? oaeaeeinoae. *anoioo, i?e ye?e
ae?enia a?oea ia?aoeia? /anoioio a?nue, iaceaa?ii /anoioith caie?aiiy.
E?eoe/iith /anoioith (( iaceaa?ii /anoioo, i?e ye?e ae?enia a?oea c
a?ae’?iiith e?eaeciith i?eeia? i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy. I?e oe?e /anoio?
eiiieaenia a?oea ia?a?iaeaeo?oueny a ae?enio, ? a oa?? c’yaeythoueny ua
aea? a?aeo/? oaee?.

a?ae aaee/eie a?aeiiniiai ?aae?ona 1/h) oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth
/anoioe e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino a ?ioa?aae? /anoio, a yeiio a oa?? ?nio?
iaeia ae?enia aeenia?n?eia e?eaa. I?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo a?aieoeue
canoinoaaiiy eeane/ii? oai??? oa ooi/iaii? oai??? ?aeay, ye aeey oiieeo
(0<1/h<10), oae ? oianoeo ieanoei (0(*,
ooai?ththoue “oa?aniiiae?aio” no?oeoo?o. Ia iaeieo a?ae??ceao oeeo
e?eaeo /anoioa ciaioo?oueny (A(iiaee), ia ?ioeo aeaui ca?eueoo?oueny
(B(iiaee) i?e c?inoaii? h. Iayai?noue inoaii?o ?c ieo iiaea aooe
aeyaeaia o?eueee i?e ?ica’yceo caaea/? a i?inoi?ia?e iinoaiiaoe?.

Aeey ((0 iiyaa ca’ycaiino? ?oo?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieeiaiiy e?aoieo
/anoio. Niaeo?aeuei? e?ea? ??cieo n?iaenoa a ieie? e?aoieo /anoio
“?icooiaoothoueny” i?ae niaith ? /anoioiee niaeo? nooo?ai
aeaeici?ith?oueny (?en. 3, (=0,2). A oeueiio aeiaaeeo (r1 = 2,017,
(*=1,92, (E = 1,68. Ii??aiyiiy oi?i eieeaaiue aeey aeiaaee?a (=0 ? (=0,2
aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe a?ae??cee niaeo?aeueieo e?eaeo, yeei
a?aeiia?aeathoue L(, E(, A( ? B( iiaee ??cieo ii?yaee?a.

Oie oaeo, ui /anoioiee niaeo? oeee?iae?a ia? iaeiaeiao no?oeoo?o aeey
aeiaaee?a NIN ? AIN, aeicaiey? iiynieoe iiyao aeoaeao?a oa o?eieao?a a
ieie? /anoioe e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino oeee?iae?a, ye? aeyaeaii a
aenia?eiaioao Aoea?a ? Naaa?a.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ci?oai? a?aie/i? caaea/? oai???
i?oaeiino? aeey oeee?iae?a ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iayai?noth eieaeueieo iniaeeainoae iai?oaeaiue ia eooiaiio eie?.
Ai??i?ia cia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o oeeo iniaeeainoae aea? iiaeeea?noue
aecia/aoe aneiioioe/i? cia/aiiy iaa?aeiieo iane?i/aiieo nenoai.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiooaieo inaneiao?e/ieo eieeaaiue oeee?iae?a
c aei?noei cae??ieaiith a?/iith iiaa?oiath oa caaeaieie iai?oaeaiiyie ia
oi?oeyo i?e AIN. A?aie/io caaea/o caaaeaii aei iane?i/aiii? nenoaie

. (7)

Ooo (n = n(/h, (j ( ei?ai? ??aiyiiy J1(()=0, a?euei? /eaie fn ? (j ?
eiao?oe??ioaie ?yae?a Oo?’?-Ae?i? oa Oo?’? ?iceeaaeo ooieoe?e, ye?
caaeathoue iai?oaeaiiy ia oi?oe?. Aneiioioe/i? aeanoeaino? iaa?aeiieo a
nenoai? (7) iathoue aeaeyae

. (8)

Ooo a0, b0 ( noae?, ( ( iaeiaioee aeiaeaoi?e ei??iue ??aiyiiy aeey
ci?oaii? noaoe/ii? caaea/? aeey /aa?o? ieiueie. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (8)
aeicaieythoue cai?ieoe an? iaa?aeii? c aenieeie iiia?aie a nenoai? (7)
?o aneiioioe/ieie cia/aiiyie

. (9)

? i?iaanoe ei?aeoio ?aaeoeoe?th iane?i/aiii? nenoaie.

Ia iniia? io?eiaiiai ?ica’yceo iiaoaeiaaii /anoioiee niaeo?
(caeaaei?noue (1 a?ae h) caeiieo inaneiao?e/ieo eieeaaiue e?oaei?
ieanoeie a ae?aiacii? 0 < h (1. I?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo eeane/ii? oai??? E??oaiooa oa cnoaii? iiaeae? Oeiioaiea. A?aieoe? canoinoaaiiy oeeo oai??e o?ioe aoae/? i?ae o aeiaaeeo ieanoeie c a?eueiei e?a?i. Aeai?ii eiao?oe??ioa cnoao iiaeia cia/ii ?icoe?eoe canoinoaaiiy oai??? Oeiioaiea. Aeey nenoaiaoecaoe?? /anoioieo aeaieo oeee?iae?a aea/aii aeenia?n?ei? aeanoeaino? ii?iaeueieo inaneiao?e/ieo oaeeue a iane?i/aiiio oeee?iae?? ?c cae??ieaiith iiaa?oiath. Ia ?en. 4 cia?aaeaii aeenia?n?ei? e?ea? aeey aeiaaeeo (=0,3. Ae?eni? ? oyai? a?oee cia?aaeaii nooe?eueieie aee?ieie e?eaeie, i?iaeoe?y eiiieaenieo a?oie ia ae?enio ? oyaio ieiueio—oo?eoiaeie aee?ieie e?eaeie. Oaeee oaeeaaiae oa?aeoa?eco?oueny: iayai?noth ae?aiaciia /anoio (1<1,285, a yeiio a?aenooi? ae?eni? ei?ai?; a?aenooi?noth aeenia?n?eieo e?eaeo c a?ae’?iiith e?eaeciith; aeiaeia eiiieaenia a?oea ia ia?aoeia? ae?enio ieiueio. Iniaeea?noth /anoioiiai niaeo?a ne?i/aiiiai oeee?iae?a (?en.5, (=0,3) ? iayai?noue a iaeano? /anoio (1 < 1,285 niaeo?aeueii? e?eai?, ye?e a?aeiia?aea? e?aeiaa iiaea. Ooo e?aeiaa iiaea oi?io?oueny o?eueee ca ?aooiie iaiaeii??aeieo oaeeue. Anoaiiaeaii a?aei?iiino? a i?iya? e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino a oeee?iae?ao ?c cae??ieaiith oa a?eueiith a?/ieie iiaa?oiyie. A oeee?iae?? ?c cae??ieaiith a?/iith iiaa?oiath ia?aaaaeathoue oi?ie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ia?o?e oyai?e aeenia?n?ei?e a?ooe?, a oeee?iae?? c a?eueiith iiaa?oiath—ia?o?e eiiieaeni?e a?ooe?. Ae?aiacii neeueiiai caoaeaeaiiy iaiaeii??aeieo oaeeue a cae??ieaiiio oeee?iae?? ? iaaaaaoi oe?oei i?ae o a?eueiiio oeee?iae??. Aeine?aeaeaii aeiooai? inaneiao?e/i? eieeaaiiy oeee?iae?a c a?eueiith a?/iith iiaa?oiath, oi?oe? yeiai e?iaiaoe/ii caoaeaeothoueny a inueiaiio iai?yieo. ?icaeyiooi iaeaeaa aeiaaeee neiao??? aeaoi?iiaaieo noai?a. Ia/eneaii aeani? /anoioe ne?i/aiiiai oeee?iae?a aeey neiao?e/iiai oa aioeneiao?e/iiai iai?oaeaieo noai?a. *anoioi? niaeo?e oeee?iae?a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ii?ooaiiyi ?aaoey?ii? caeaaeiino? /anoioe a?ae h a ae?aiacii? /anoio (1*((1((r1, ((=1,904, (r1=2,048 (?en.6, (=0,3; NIN). A oeueiio ae?aiacii? aeinoia??i? cia/aiiy /anoio oa oi?i eieeaaiue iiaeia iaea?aeaoe i?e aeei?enoaii? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee. Ioe?iaii iiaeeeaino? iaeiii??ii? oai??? noa?aei?a oa oai???, caniiaaii? ia aeei?enoaii? ?ica’yceo Iioaaiia?a-E??. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c oi?i eieeaaiue oa ?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiue a ieie? eooiaiai eiea. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeyaeoe aieea eiie?aoieo a?aie/ieo oiia ia oi?ioaaiiy /anoioiiai niaeo?a e?oaei? ieanoeie oa oeee?iae?a ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie. A i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ?iciianthaeaeaiiy inaneiao?e/ieo oaeeue oa noaoe?iia?i? eieeaaiiy ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a c a?eueieie a?/ieie iiaa?oiyie. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeenia?n?eieo aeanoeainoae iieacaa, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?aeiiniiai aioo??oiueiai ?aae?ona r1=R1/R (ciaioaiiyi oiaueie ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a) /anoioa caie?aiiy ? aeeaeia caaaeo ae?oai? ae?enii? a?oee (i?e r1>0,125)
ciaioo?oueny ? i?e r1(0,5 ((=0,333) oey a?oea ia? aeiaeaoiy e?eaecio;
/anoioa caie?aiiy o?aouei? ae?enii? a?oee c?inoa?. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeaieie ?en.7, ia yeiio iieacaii ae?oa? ae?eni?
a?oee ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a aeey cia/aiue r1, ye? ci?iththoueny a?ae
0,1 aei 0,8 (nooe?euei? e?ea?). Aeey aeiaaeeo r1=0,1 cia?aaeaia oaeiae
o?aoy aeenia?n?eia e?eaa. Oo?eoia? e?ea? a?aeiia?aeathoue nooe?eueiiio
oeee?iae?ia?. Iiaoaeiaaii ae?eni?, oyai? oa eiiieaeni? a?oee oeee?iae??a
?c r1=0,3 oa 0,8. Aiae?oe/ii anoaiiaeaii aneiioioe/ia cia/aiiy
eiiieaenieo ei?ai?a ia noaoe/i?e ieiuei? ((1=0), yea yaii caeaaeeoue
a?ae r1. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iieacothoue, ui aeey oiieino?iieo
oeee?iae??a /anoioiee ae?aiacii canoinoaaiiy aeaiiiaeiaeo oai??e
iaieiiie ?icoe?th?oueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi r1.

?icaeyiooi ia?oo iniiaio a?aie/io caaea/o aeey ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a
ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie i?e NIN. Caaaeueiee ?ica’ycie iaea?aeaii ?c
?ica’yceo aeey nooe?eueiiai oeee?iae?a i?e cai?i? ooieoe?e J0((jr) oa
J1((jr) a?aeiia?aeii ia N0((jr) = J1((j) Y0((jr) ( Y1((j) J0((jr) oa
N1((jr) =J1((j) Y1((jr) ( Y1((j) J1((jr). Ooo (j ( ei?ai? ??aiyiiy
N1((jr1) = 0. Aeeiiaiiy a?aie/ieo oiia caiaeeoue caaea/o aei
iane?i/aiii? nenoaie a?aeiinii iaa?aeiieo Xn, Yn, Zj

(10)

ye? iathoue oae? aneiioioe/i? cia/aiiy

. (11)

Ia iniia? io?eiaiiai ?ica’yceo aecia/aii /anoioi? niaeo?e ii?iaeienoiai
oeee?iae?a ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie aeey oaeeo oa?aeoa?ieo cia/aiue r1: 0,2;
0,5; 0,9. Iniaeea?noue /anoioieo niaeo??a aeey r1=0,2 oa 0,5 (?en.8, 9)
iieyaa? a iayaiino? a?ae??ce?a niaeo?aeueieo e?eaeo, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny neaaeith caeaaei?noth /anoioe a?ae aenioe oeee?iae?a,
ye a ieie? /anoioe caie?aiiy ae?oai? aeenia?n?eii? a?oee, oae ? cia/ii
ieae/a. Oi?ie eieeaaiue ia oeeo inoaii?o a?ae??ceao a?aeiia?aeathoue
e?aeiaiio ?aciiaino. Ii??aiyiiy /anoioieo niaeo??a oa oi?i eieeaaiue
nooe?eueiiai oa ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae??a aeyaeei ?yae ?ica?aeiinoae a
i?iya? e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino. Ii??aiyiiy ?en.3, 8 ? 9 iieaco?, ui o
aeiaaeeo ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a iieia? a?ae??cee niaeo?aeueieo e?eaeo,
yeei a?aeiia?aea? /anoioa (E, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi r1 iii?oii aei?i/othoueny
? noathoue a?eueo iioeeeie. A?aeiia?aeii ca?eueoo?oueny aeiaaeeia
ia?ao?aeieo a?ae??ce?a. Oe? iieia? a?ae??cee c’yaeythoueny i?e a?eueoeo
cia/aiiyo h. Eieae?caoe?y ia?ai?uaiue a?ey oi?oey oeee?iae?a
ciaioo?oueny ia o?eueee aeey oi/ie, ?ici?uaieo ia e?ath oeeo iieiaeo
a?ae??ce?a, aea ? a ?o oeaio??. Iii?oii ca?eueoo?oueny aiie?ooaea
ia?ai?uaiue a oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? oeee?iae?a (z=0). *anoioa e?aeiaiai
?aciiaino ciaioo?oueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi r1 ? i?e oeueiio iaaeeaea?oueny
aei /anoioe caie?aiiy ae?oai? a?oee. Oe? ci?ie iniaeeai iii?oi? aeey
ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a c r1=0,5. Ooo nei??oa ia?ii ia?ao?aeio oi?io
eieeaaiue i?ae e?aeiaith iiaeith ? iiaeaie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
niaaeath/ei a?ae??ceai /anoioieo e?eaeo.

Niaeo?aeuei? e?ea? oiieino?iiiai oeee?iae?a (r1=0,9) iathoue
ai?eciioaeuei? a?ae??cee o?eueee a ieie? /anoioe caie?aiiy ae?oai?
a?oee. Oi?ie eieeaaiue ia oeeo a?ae??ceao ia a?aeiia?aeathoue e?aeia?e
iiae?.

I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea ?yaeo i?eeeaaeieo oai??e i?e aecia/aii? /anoioieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ii?iaeienoeo oeee?iae??a. Cie?aia ioe?iaii iiaeeeaino?
oai??e iaeiii??ieo noa?aei?a, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue oa oai???
E??oaiooa-Eyaa aeey oiieino?iieo oeee?iae??a. A?aieoe? canoinoaaiiy
i?eeeaaeieo oai??e o aeiaaeeo oianoino?iieo oeee?iae??a iaiaaeothoueny
/anoioith e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino. ?c i?eeeaaeieo oai??e /anoioo (E aecia/a?
oai??y “ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo” (McNiven, Shah 1966, 1967).

A oinoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi caaea/? ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy
nooe?eueiiai ? ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae??a ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie. Iaoiaeeea
aiae?co ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy oeee?iae?a ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie
caniiaaia ia aeei?enoaii? ?ic?iaeaieo i?aeoiae?a aei ?ica’yceo
noaoe?iia?ii? caaea/? ? iiaoaeia? aoaeoeaieo aeai?eoi?a ia/eneaiiy
eeoe?a.

a?ae ia?aiao?a ia?aoai?aiiy s aeaco? ia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
oai??? eeoe?a i?e ia/eneaii? ?ioaa?aea Oo?’?-Iaee?ia. Iiethnaie
eiao?oe??io?a ?yae?a ? ei?ai? aecia/ieea INA?, oiaoi aeani? /anoioe
oeee?iae?a. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeanieo /anoio oa oi?i eieeaaiue
ne?i/aiiiai oeee?iae?a oaeiae a?aei?aoeueiaaia ?ai?oa (?icae?e 3).

I?noea aeey ?enoie?a ?? 1 ( 4.

I?noea aeey ?enoie?a ?? 5 ( 10

I?noea aeey ?enoie?a ?? 11 ( 14

I?noea aeey ?enoie?a 15 ( 18

Iiaa ieoaiiy, yea iio?aao? ?ica’yceo, iieyaa? a ciaoiaeaeaii?
eeoe?a a?ae iaa?aeiieo INA?. O?oaeiiu? iia’ycai? c oei, ui ?ica’ycie
noaoe?iia?ii? caaea/? a yaiiio aeaeyae? a?aenooi?e. Eeoee aeey
iaa?aeiieo (j oeeo nenoai aecia/athoueny ?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy

yea aeaco? ia niin?a ?o ia/eneaiiy. Aeei?enoiaoth/e oai??th eeoe?a oa
oai?aio i?i cai?oeo, eiiiiiaioe aaeoi?a ia?ai?uaiue caieno?ii o aeaeyae?

,

(12)

I?aeoe/io ca?aei?noue ?yae?a a (12) aeine?aeaeaii ia caaea/? i?i
ianoaoe?iia?ia aeaoi?ioaaiiy noa?aeiy i?ae ae??th ?aioiai i?eeeaaeaiiai
ia e?ioe? iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ii??aiyiiy ?ica’yce?a caaea/? ii iaoiaeo
Aeaeaiaa?a (oi/iee ?ica’ycie) ? Oo?’? (?iceeaaeaiiy ii aeaniei oi?iai)
iieacaei, ui a?aooaaiiy 20 aeanieo /anoio, ia/eneaieo c oi/i?noth aei
0,01 caaacia/o? aeineoue caaeia?eueio oi/i?noue ne??cue, ca aeeeth/aiiyi
ieieeoe? o?iioa oaee?. A oeee?iae?? iayai?noue aeenia?n?? i?ecaiaeeoue
aei ?icieaaiiy o?iioo cao?aiue ? oiio ooieoe??, ye? eiai iienothoue,
aoaeooue a?eueo aeaaeeeie, i?ae o aeiaaeeo noa?aeiy.

Eiie?aoi? ia/eneaiiy i?iaaaeaii aeey aeiaaeeo oeee?iae?a c h=3, (=0,3 oa
iaaaioaaeaiiy

. (13)

I?ae ae??th iaaaioaaeaiiy (13) a oeee?iae?? aaia?othoueny eieeaaiiy c
/anoioith aeiooaii? neee oa iaa?? aeanieo eieeaaiue. ?o aiie?ooaei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aecia/athoueny nooiaiai aeecueeino? (0 c iaei??th ?c
aeanieo /anoio ((k). Aino?ioa ?aciiainieo yaeu nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae
aaee/eie (. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aeei?enoaiiy 15 aeanieo /anoio
caaacia/o? aeinoia??i? aeai? i?i oi?ioaaiiy ianoaoe?iia?iiai noaio
oeee?iae?a. O aeiaaeeo ??aiii??ii iaaaioaaeaiiai oi?oey iiey ia?ai?uaiue
oa iai?oaeaiue oi?iothoueny ca ?aooiie aeae?eueeio ieae/eo aeanieo
oi?i. ?c aeaieo ?en.10, ia yeiio cia?aaeaii ii?iiaaia inueiaa
ia?ai?uaiiy uz*(() a oi/oe? r=0,4, z=0,8h aeey ?aae?on?a iaaaioaaeaiiy
r2=0,5 (oo?eoiaa e?eaa) oa r2=0,1 (nooe?eueia e?eaa) i?e (=1, (0h = (,
aa/eii, ui i?e r2=0,1 aeineoue /?oei i?iyaey?oueny aeeaae
aeniei/anoioieo neeaaeiaeo.

Ia ?en. 11 cia?aaeaia ci?ia inueiaiai iai?oaeaiiy ia in? oeee?iae?a aeey
aeiaaeeo ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia oi?oe?, ui iieno?oueny ooieoe?yie

(14)

E?eaa 1 a?aeiia?aea? ia?aoeio z=0,8h, e?eaa 2 ( z=0,65h aeey r2=0,1 ?
(1=0,2. Ia?oee i?e iai?oaeaiue e?eai? 1 ((=0,3) iaoiiaeaiee i?eoiaeii
i?yii? cnoaii? oaee?, ianooii?—aoaeoaie a?aeaeooy oa oieonoaaiiy oaeeue.
Ae?oaee i?e iai?oaeaiue ((=0,65) iiaeia iia’ycaoe c i?eoiaeii oaee?
?icoe?aiiy PP, o?ao?e ((=0,9) ( c i?eoiaeii o?ainoi?iiaaieo oaeeue PS,
SP ? RP, /aoaa?oee ((=1,2) ( c i?eoiaeii oaee? cnoao SS, i’yoee ((=1,64)
( c i?eoiaeii oaeeue SPP, PPS, RPP. Ooo P ( oaeey ?icoe?aiiy, S ( cnoao,
R ( ?ae?y. I?e a?aeaeaeaii? oi/ee niinoa?aaeaiiy a?ae oi?oey oeee?iae?a
i?ee iai?oaeaiue ci?uothoueny ai?aai ? ciaioothoueny. Iaaooue oeei
iiaeia iiynieoe ?oeioaaiiy oeee?iae?a ia ne?i/aiiiio a?ae??ceo in?
iiaeeco oi?oey, yea niinoa??aaeinue a aenia?eiaioao Eieuenueeiai.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeicaieeea aeine?aeeoe ianoaoe?iia?ia aeaoi?ioaaiiy
ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a. I?iaaaeai? ia/eneaiiy aeey aeiaaeeo h=3;
r1=0,5; m=3 ? iaaaioaaeaiiy (13) ia oi?oe? iieacaee, ui iiea ia?ai?uaiue
oi?io?oueny ca ?aooiie iaeeaaeaiiy aeae?eueeio ieae/eo aeanieo oi?i. Ia
?en.12 cia?aaeaii ci?io a /an? inueiaiai iai?oaeaiiy a oeee?iae?? a
oi/oe? r=0,9; z=0,8h (nooe?eueia e?eaa) oa a iaeiii??iiio noa?aei?
(oo?eoiaa e?eaa), ooieoe?th F(() ( oo?eoioieoe?iith e?eaith (A0=1; (=1;
(0h=(). O aeiaaeeo noa?aeiy iieeaaeaii A0=0,1. Iii?oia ye?nia
a?aeiia?aei?noue oa?aeoa?o ci?ie iai?oaeaiue o oeee?iae??, iniaeeai a
noa?aei?, caeiio ci?ie F((). Aeai? ?en.12 iieacothoue, ui nooi?iue
aeeiai?/iino? noa?aeiy cia/ii a?eueoee. Iiynith?oueny oea ye neeueiith
ci?iith ii ?aae?ono aeanieo oi?i, ye? aiinyoue iniiaiee aianie o
oi?ioaaiiy iiey iai?oaeaiue oeee?iae?a, oae ? ??ciei nooiaiai
ocaiaeaeaiiy niaeo??a aeanieo /anoio oeee?iae?a ? noa?aeiy c? niaeo?ii
ciai?oiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

A nueiiiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaii caeiiii??iino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
oaeeue o i?oaeii-??aeeiieo oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao. ??aeeia
aaaaea?oueny ?aeaaeueii noeneeaith, oeee?iae?—?aeaaeueiei i?oaeiei
o?eii. Aeine?aeaeaii aeenia?n?ei? aeanoeaino? inaneiao?e/ieo oa
iainaneiao?e/ieo oaeeue a oeee?iae??, caiiaiaiiio ??aeeiith. Ia iniia?
o?ueioaei??ieo ?ica’yce?a iiaoaeiaaii ae?eni?, oyai? oa eiiieaeni? a?oee
(caeaaei?noue iino?eii? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ( a?ae /anoioe (2)
ii?iaeienoeo oeee?iae??a c r1=0,3 oa 0,8, caiiaiaieo ??aeeiith, aeey
n=0,1 i 2. Aca?iiae?y oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a ??aeei? ? oeee?iae?? i?e
oi?ioaaii? ii?iaeueieo oaeeue i?iyaey?oueny o aocueeeo ae?aiaciiao
/anoio, aeey yeeo ni?aiaaeathoue oacia? oaeaeeino? ia?oe?aeueieo nenoai.
I?e a?aeaeaeaii? a?ae oeeo oi/ie oaee? ? /enoi i?oaeieie aai ??aeeiieie.
Ia?oe?aeueieie ? ii?iaeienoee oeee?iae? oa ??aeeiiee oaeeaaiae ?c
aei?noeeie no?ieaie. Oeae aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?ouey aeaieie oaae.1, a
ye?e i?eaaaeaii ?iciiae?eaiiy na?aaeiueiai ca ia??iae iioieo iiooaeiino?
ii iiia?a/iiio ia?aoeio ??aeeiiiai yae?a W0 ? i?oaeiiai oeee?iae?a W1
aeey oi/ie, iii?/aieo o?anoeeaie ia ?en.13. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui
a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio ? iino?eieo ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aia?a?y, yea
ia?aiineoueny oaeeath, cina?aaeaeaia a i?oaeiiio oeee?iae?? aai ??aeei?.

Oaaeeoey 1. ?iciiae?e aia?a?? ii iiia?a/iiio ia?aoeio oaeeaaiaea

Iiia? oi/ee W0 W1 Iiia? oi/ee W0 W1

1 0,35 10-3 0,125 10-1 4 0,248 10-3 0,364 10-4

2 0,255 10-3 0,56 10-2 5 0,369 10-3 0,181 10-3

3 0,154 10-2 0,75 10-5 6 0,201 10-3 0,324 10-3

Ia ?en.13, 14 iieacaii aeenia?n?ei? e?ea? aeey noaeueiiai oeee?iae?a,
caiiaiaiiai aanii, i?e r1=0,3 oa 0,8 ? n=0. Ae?eni? oa oyai? a?oee
cia?aaeaii oo?eoiaeie e?eaeie, i?iaeoe?? eiiieaenieo a?oie—
oo?eoioieoe?ieie. Oiie? nooe?euei? e?ea? a?aeiia?aeathoue ia?oe?aeueiei
nenoaiai. *anoioe caie?aiiy ??aeeiieo ii?iaeueieo oaeeue iicia/aii
e?oaea/eaie, i?oaeieo oaeeue—o?eeooieeaie. Eiiieaeni? aeenia?n?ei? e?ea?
ii/eiathoueny ia noaoe/i?e ieiuei? ? cae?i/othoueny aeey r1=0,3 (?en.13)
ia ae?eni?e ieiuei? a oi/eao a?aeiiniiai i?i?ioio aeenia?n?eieo e?eaeo.
O aeiaaeeo r1=0,8 (?en. 14) eiiieaeni? e?ea? cae?i/othoueny ia oyai?e
ieiuei?. Ie??i oeueiai, iiyaey?oueny ?yae eiiieaenieo e?eaeo, ye?
ii/eiathoueny ? cae?i/othoueny a aeno?aiaeueieo oi/eao oyaieo
aeenia?n?eieo e?eaeo.

O aeiaaeeo oaeeaaiaea, ioi/aiiai i?oaeiei aai ??aeeiiei na?aaeiaeuai,
oa?aeoa? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue nooo?ai ci?ith?oueny. Aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aia?a?? a ioi/oth/a na?aaeiaeua aea?aaeaioia iayaiino? aeayeiai
iaoai?cio caoooaiiy. Aieea ioi/oth/i? ??aeeie ia aeanoeaino? ii?iaeueieo
inaneiao?e/ieo oaeeue aeine?aeaeaii aeey aeaio aeiaaee?a: nooe?eueiiai
oeee?iae?a, ioi/aiiai ??aeeiith, oa ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae?a,
caiiaiaiiai oa ioi/aiiai ??aeeiith. Iioaioe?ae oaeaeeino? ioi/oth/i?
??aeeie i?e a?aooaaii? aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iane?i/aii?noue ia? aeaeyae

. (15)

— ooieoe?y Oaieaey, C2 ( oaeaee?noue caoeo ??aeeie. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
(15) ii?iaeaeo? eiiieaenia aeenia?n?eia ??aiyiiy. A aeicaoeia?e
iaeano?, aea (2 ? oyaia, aeenia?n?eia ??aiyiiy noa? ae?eniei ? iiaea
iaoe ae?eni? ei?ai?. Iayai?noue oaeeo ei?ai?a icia/a? ?nioaaiiy
iaaei?ii?ithth/eo a ioi/oth/a na?aaeiaeua oaeeue. A?aooaaiiy
i?inoi?iaiai oa?aeoa?o ?oo?a aeicaieeei aeyaeoe o aeiaaeeo oeee?iae?a,
caiiaiaiiai oa ioi/aiiai ??aeeiith, iayai?noue aeaio oaeeo oaeeue i?e
C2(C0. Aiae?c e?iaiaoe/ieo oa aia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oeeo oaeeue
iieacaa, ui aiie aea?aaeaioi? iiaa?oiaaei oaeeyi Noioie?. ?iciiae?e
ii?iiaaieo ?aae?aeueieo ia?ai?uaiue ur*(r)=ur/|urmax| aeey noaeueiiai
oeee?iae?a c r1=0,3, caiiaiaiiai aanii oa ioi/aiiai aiaeith, ia /anoioao
(2=3 (nooe?euei? e?ea?) oa (2=6 (oo?eoia? e?ea?) cia?aaeaii ia ?en. 15.
E?ea? 1 a?aeiia?aeathoue iiaa?oiaaei oaeeyi, iia’ycaiei c aioo??oiueith
iiaa?oiath, e?ea? 2 ( ?c ciai?oiueith iiaa?oiath ii?iaeienoiai
oeee?iae?a.

Aea/aii aieea o?ce/ieo oa aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a oaeeaaiaea ia
e?iaiaoe/i? oa aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue.
Aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue iaaaaeaii a oaae.2, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue ae?eniei ei?aiyi aeenia?n?eiiai ??aiyiiy (1 ? (2, aeey
aeaieo ?en. 15 i?e r1=0,3 oa 0,8. Ooo Wz ? noia?iee ca ia??iae iio?e
iiooaeiino? /a?ac iiia?a/iee ia?aoei oaeeaaiaea, Wz0 ( iio?e
iiooaeiino?, ui ia?aiineoueny aioo??oiueith ??aeeiith, Wz1 (
oeee?iae?ii, Wz2 ( ciai?oiueith ??aeeiith. Cia/aiiy iiooaeiino?
ii?iiaai? a?aeiinii aaee/eie D2. Aeaeii, ui i?e ?iciianthaeaeaii?
iiaa?oiaai? oaee?, yea a?aeiia?aea? ei?aith (1, aia?a?y ia?aiineony a
iniiaiiio aioo??oiueith ??aeeiith, ei?aith (2 ( ciai?oiueith ??aeeiith.
Oeae aoaeo noa? a?eueo iii?oiei i?e ca?eueoaii? /anoioe.

Oaaeeoey 2. Aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue

r1 (2 i (i Wz Wz0 Wz1 Wz2

0,3 3,0 2 6,43200 0,174 103 0,206 10-1 0,123 10-1 0,174 103

1 7,46998 7,643 7,641 0,253 10-2 0,102 10-4

0,8 3,0 2 6,43200 0,174 103 0,122 10-2 0,464 10-2 0,174 103

1 7,46007 0,287 10-1 0,287 10-1 0,152 10-4 0,107 10-4

0,3 6,0 2 12,86400 0,223 103 0,534 10-3 0,502 10-4 0,223 103

1 14,91387 0,288 102 0,288 103 0,375 10-2 0,589 10-8

6,0 0,8 2 12,86401 0,162 103 0,655 10-3 0,268 10-3 0,162 103

1 14,89166 0,331 10-3 0,331 10-3 0,330 10-7 0,650 10-8

Ca aeeeth/aiiyi iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue an? ?io? ii?iaeuei? oaee? ?
aeaiio??oth/eie. Aeenia?n?eiee niaeo? (caeaaei?noue ( a?ae (2)
noaeueiiai oeee?iae?a c r1=0,3, caiiaiaiiai aanii ? ioi/aiiai aiaeith,
cia?aaeaii ia ?en. 16. A?ae??ciythoue o?e a?oie eiiieaenieo ei?ai?a: c
iaeith oyaiith, iaeith ae?eniith oa ??aiiaaeeeeie ae?eniith oa oyaiith
neeaaeiaeie. ?i a?aeiia?aeathoue ae?eni?, oyai? oa eiiieaeni? ei?ai?
ne?i/aiii? a iiia?a/iiio ia?aoei? nenoaie (oeee?iae? c ??aeeiith). Ia
a?aei?io a?ae ne?i/aiii? nenoaie eiiieaeni? ei?ai? o?aouei? a?oie
?iciaaeathoueny ia aea? e?ea? c ??cieie ciaeaie ae?enii? /anoeie. Oey
a?aei?ii?noue iniaeeai iii?oia a ieie? oeo cia/aiue /anoio oa (, aea a
ne?i/aii?e nenoai? eiiieaeni? a?oee ia?aoiaeyoue o ae?eni? aai oyai?. ?c
ciaioaiiyi aonoeie ioi/oth/i? ??aeeie oe? aeenia?n?ei? e?ea?
caeeaeothoueny i?ae niaith.

Ei?ai? ia?oi? a?oie aecia/athoue e?euee?nii aeaiio??oaaiiy ca ?aooiie
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii ia?aaoey?iee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? aaee/eie
?aae?aoe?eiiai aeaiio??oaaiiy a?ae /anoioe, ui iaoiiaeaii ci?iith
ni?aa?aeiioaiue aiie?ooae ?aae?aeueieo ? inueiaeo ia?ai?uaiue a
ii?iaeuei?e oaee?. Oaee? c i?aaaethth/ei inueiaei ia?ai?uaiiyi ia
ciai?oi?e iiaa?oi? oeee?iae?a (r=1) i?aeoe/ii ia aei?ii?iththoue a
ioi/oth/a na?aaeiaeua. sse ? o aeiaaeeo oeee?iae?a c ??aeeiith a
ae?aiacii? /anoio, aea aeenia?n?ei? e?ea? aeecuee? aei ia?oe?aeueieo
??aeeiieo e?eaeo, iaeaea any aia?a?y ia?aiineoueny aioo??oiueith
??aeeiith. Ia ?en. 17 iieacaia caeaaei?noue aaee/eie Ef a?ae /anoioe
aeey ia?oeo o?ueio ii?iaeueieo oaeeue 1+, 2+, 3+ a ae?aiacii? /anoio 4,5
( (2 ( 6,5. Ooo Ef ? a?aeiioaiiy na?aaei?o ca ia??iae iioie?a
iiooaeiino? /a?ac iiia?a/iee ia?aoei aioo??oiuei? ??aeeie aei noia?ii?
iiooaeiino?, ui ia?aiineoueny aioo??oiueith ??aeeiith ? ii?iaeienoei
oeee?iae?ii. Ia?oa ii?iaeueia oaeey (e?eaa 1+) i?e /anoio? (2=5,8 noa?
i?aeoe/ii ??aeeiiith ? i?e iiaeaeueoiio c?inoaii? /anoioe aaee/eia Ef
iaaeeaea?oueny aei iaeeieoe? (i?e (2=6–(–Ef=0,958). Ae?oaa ? o?aoy
ii?iaeuei? oaee? ? ??aeeiieie ia iaiaaeaiiio a?ae??ceo /anoio.
Iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy Ef oa oe?eia /anoioiiai ae?aiaciio aeey e?eai? 2+
a?eueo? i?ae aeey e?eai? 3+.

A ainueiiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy caoaeaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai iiey
oi/eiaei aa?iii?eiei aeaea?aeii ia in? oeee?iae?a, caiiaiaiiai ?
ioi/aiiai ??aeeiith. ?ica’ycie caaea/? iaea?aeaii ca aeiiiiiaith
ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’?. A iaeano? a?aeiinii iaeeo /anoio cia/aiiy ooeaieo
aaee/ei iiaeooue aooe io?eiai? i?yiei /enaeueiei ?ioaa?oaaiiyi. O
aeniei/anoioi?e iaeano? oa aeaeueiueiio iie? aeioe?eueiee ia?ao?ae aei
eiioo?ieo ?ioaa?ae?a a eiiieaeni?e ieiuei?.

Ia eiiieaeni?e ieiuei? ( = (+i( i?ae?ioaa?aeuei? ae?ace ooeaieo aaee/ei
iathoue iiethne a oi/eao ( = (j, aea (j — ei?ai? aeenia?n?eiiai
??aiyiiy, oa /ioe?e oi/ee ?icaaeoaeaiiy (1,2 =( k0, (3,4 = ( k2. Oiae?
?ioaa?ae Oo?’? ii ae?eni?e in? ae?aaea?oueny /a?ac noio aeaio
aeiaeaie?a: noio eeoe?a oa ?ioaa?ae?a ii aa?aaai ?ic??c?a. Ia?ao?ae aei
eiioo?iiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iioaioe?ae oaeaeeino?
ciai?oiuei? ??aeeie a aeaeueiueiio iie? (r (( 1) ? ia a?aieoe? eiioaeoo
??aeeie ? oeee?iae?a (r=1)

((>>1) , (16)

(r=1) . (17)

A?aeiia?aeii aei (16) iai?yieaii?noue aei?ii?ithaaiiy aecia/a?oueny
eiiieaeniith ooieoe??th

. (18)

Eooia? caeaaeiino? iioaioe?aea oaeaeeino? ciai?oiuei? ??aeeie aecia/aii
aeey noaeueiiai oeee?iae?a c r1=0,3 ? 0,8 oa aeiaaee?a ??aeei:
aan-aiaea, aiaea-aan ? aiaea-aiaea aeey aeae?eueeio cia/aiue /anoio. Ia
?en.18 iieacaii eooia? caeaaeiino? (20(() aeey aeiaaeeo aan-aiaea.
Nooe?euei? e?ea? a?aeiia?aeathoue /anoio? (2=2, oo?eoia?— (2=8.
Ae?aa?aie iai?yieaiiino? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny “ii??caii?noth”. Iayai?noue
aocueeeo iaeanoae i?ici?ino? oeee?iae?a aecia/a?oueny ia?o ca ana
ia?aaoey?iith caeaaei?noth ?aae?aoe?eiiai aeaiio??oaaiiy a?ae /anoioe.
O?eueee aeey oiieino?iiiai oeee?iae?a (r1=0,8) ? (2=2 niinoa??aa?oueny
aenieee ??aaiue aei?ii?ithaaiiy a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio. ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi aonoeie aioo??oiuei? ??aeeie c?inoa? caaaeueia i?ici??noue
oeee?iae?a. Oa?aeoa? eooiaiai ?iciiae?eaiiy aaee/ei nooo?ai caeaaeeoue
a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo oa o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a oaeeaaiaea ? /anoioe aeaea?aea.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaeeaaiaea iieacaei, ui
caeaaei?noue aaee/eie iiooaeiino? aei?ii?ithaaii? aeaea?aeii aia?a??
a?ae /anoioe ? ia?aaoey?iith. Aecia/aii aia?aaoe/io aaaii?noue
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue Noioie? a caaaeueiiio aia?aaoe/iiio iie? oaeeaaiaea.
Ia/eneaiiy i?iaaaeaii aeey aeaieo ?en. 18 i?e r1=0,3. Na?aaei?e ca
ia??iae iio?e iiooaeiino? a inueiaiio iai?yieo a?aeo/eo (iiaa?oiaaeo)
oaeeue Wz( ? a?aeiioaiiy W*=Wz( / Waeae (Waeae ( iiooaei?noue aeaea?aea)
iathoue oae? cia/aiiy: i?e (2=2 ( Wz(=0,191, W*=0,834; i?e (2=4 (
Wz(=0,189, W*=0, 165; i?e (2=6 ( Wz(=0,187, W*=0,077. Ioaea, ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe aaee/eia aia?a??, yea ia?aiineoueny a?aeo/eie
oaeeyie, ciaioo?ouey. Oeae aoaeo a?eueo /?oei aeyaey?oueny ii
a?aeiioaiith aei aioo??oiuei? iiaa?oiaai? oaee?. Aia?aaoe/ia aaaii?noue
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue o aeiaaeeo (2=2 a?aeia?aaeaia oaeiae nooe?eueiith
e?eaith ia ?en. 18.

AENIIAEE

A aeena?oaoe?? io?eiaii ianooii? iniiai? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe:

1. Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaea?aeaa iaoiae noia?iiceoe?? noiniaii
noaoe?iia?ii? ci?oaii? oa ianoaoe?iia?ii? a?aie/ieo caaea/ aeey
oeee?iae?a ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie.

2. Iaea?aeaii oi/i? ?ica’ycee ?yaeo i?inoi?iaeo a?aie/ieo caaea/
aa?iii?eieo eieeaaiue nooe?eueiiai oa ii?iaeienoiai ne?i/aiieo
oeee?iae??a ? ia iniia? aiae?co oeeo ?ica’yce?a anoaiiaeaii iia?
iniaeeaino? oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a iaeano? aenieeo /anoio, cie?aia:

/anoioiee niaeo? caeiieo eieeaaiue e?oaei? ieanoeie ?c a?eueiei e?a?i
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?ooaiiyi ?aaoey?ii? caeaaeiino? /anoioe a?ae
?aae?ona a ieie? /anoioe caie?aiiy ae?oai? ae?enii? aeenia?n?eii?
e?eai?, yea ia? aeiaeaoith e?eaecio;

aeey ia?oi? iniiaii? a?aie/ii? caaea/? /anoioiee niaeo? oeee?iae?a
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth /anoioe e?aeiaiai ?ac?iaino a iaeano?
/anoio, aea ?nio? iaeia a?aeo/a oaeey, a oaeiae ?nioaaiiyi /anoio,
cia/aiiy yeeo c?inoa? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeiaaeeie oeee?iae?a, a iaeano?
i?ae e?eoe/iith /anoioith “cai?ioiuei? oaee?” oa /anoioith caie?aiiy
oe??? oaee?;

ia?oa niaeo?aeueia e?eaa cae??ieaiiai ii a?/i?e iiaa?oi? oeee?iae?a,
ye?e a?aeiia?aea? /anoioa e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino, ?ici?uaia a iaeano?
/anoio, a ye?e a?aenooi? a?aeo/? oaee?. Aeyaeaii a?aei?iiino? a i?iya?
e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino a oeee?iae?ao ?c cae??ieaiith ? a?eueiith a?/ieie
iiaa?oiyie. E?aeiaa iiaea cae??ieaiiai oeee?iae?a oi?io?oueny ia iniia?
o?eueee iaiaeii??aeieo oaeeue. I?e oeueiio nooo?aee aeeaae aiinyoue
oi?ie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ia?o?e oyai?e aeenia?n?ei?e a?ooe?, aeey
a?eueiiai oeee?iae?a—oi?ie ia?oi? eiiieaenii? a?oee. Aieea
iaiaeii??aeieo oaeeue a cae??ieaiiio oeee?iae?? i?iyaey?oueny a oe?ieiio
ae?aiacii? /anoio, ye? aeeth/athoue ae?oao ? o?aoth aeani? /anoioe. A
oeee?iae?? ?c a?eueiith a?/iith iiaa?oiath ?o aieea i?iyaey?oueny
o?eueee o aocueeiio ieie? /anoioe e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino;

/anoioiee niaeo? oeee?iae?a c e?iaiaoe/ii caoaeaeaieie oi?oeyie
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaoey?iith caeaaei?noth /anoioe a?ae aeiaaeeie
oeee?iae?a a iaeano? /anoio caie?aiiy ae?oai? oa o?aouei? a?aeo/eo
oaeeue;

aeey ia?oi? iniiaii? a?aie/ii? caaea/? i?iaaaeaii e?euee?nio ioe?ieo
aieeao aaee/eie a?aeiiniiai aioo??oiueiai ?aae?ona ii?iaeienoiai
oeee?iae?a r1 ia aeenia?n?ei? aeanoeaino? ii?iaeueieo oaeeue oa ia
iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy /anoioiiai niaeo?a, ye? i?iyaeythoueny a oiio, ui
ca?eueoaiiy r1 aeeeeea?: iiieaeaiiy /anoioe caie?aiiy ae?oai? a?aeo/i?
oaee?, ye?e a?aeiia?aea? “cai?ioia oaeey”, ? ?? cieeiaiiy i?e r1(0,5
((=0,3); iiieaeaiiy /anoioe e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino ne?i/aiiiai oeee?iae?a ?
?? iaaeeaeaiiy aei /anoioe caie?aiiy ae?oai? aeenia?n?eii? a?oee;
ciaioaiiy eieae?caoe?? ?ioaineaieo ia?ai?uaiue a?ey oi?oey oeee?iae?a,
ui iaoiiaeth? cieeiaiiy e?aeiaiai ?aciiaino a /anoioiiio niaeo??
oiieino?iiiai oeee?iae?a;

aeey ia?oi? iniiaii? a?aie/ii? caaea/? ia iniia? aiae?co /anoioieo
niaeo??a e?oaei? ieanoeie, nooe?eueiiai oa ii?iaeienoiai oeee?iae??a
iiaeia aeiionoeoe ?nioaaiiy ca’yceo i?ae iayai?noth ii?iaeueii? oaee? ?c
i?ioeeaaeieie ciaeaie oaciai? ? a?oiiai? oaeaeeinoae (“cai?ioii? oaee?”)
a aeenia?n?eiiio niaeo?? a?aeiia?aeiiai oaeeaaiaea ? /anoioith e?aeiaiai
?aciiaino a /anoioiiio niaeo?? ne?i/aiiiai o?ea a iaeano? /anoio, a ye?e
?nio? iaeia a?aeo/a oaeey.

3. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aiae?co ianoaoe?iia?iiai i?inoi?iaiai
oaeeueiaiai iiey a oeee?iae?ao ne?i/aiii? aeiaaeeie oa ia ?? iniia?
i?iaaaeaii e?euee?nio ioe?ieo aoaeo?a oieonoaaiiy oaeeue ia in?
ne?i/aiiiai oeee?iae?a; anoaiiaeaii e?euee?ni? ca’ycee i?ae
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaaa?iii?eieo oaeeueiaeo iie?a ia?ai?uaiue ?
iai?oaeaiue a nooe?eueiiio ? ii?iaeienoiio oeee?iae?ao a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ciai?oiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aaee/eie ieiuaaeee iaaaioaaeaiiy.
Ciaioaiiy ieiuaaeee iaaaioaaeaiiy ? /ano eiai ae?? aeeeeea? iiyao
aeniei/anoioieo neeaaeiaeo a oaeeueiaeo iaaa?iii?eieo iieyo ne?i/aiieo
oeee?iae??a.

4. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ii?iaeueieo oaeeue a
i?oaeii-??aeeiieo oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao, ye? i?iyaeythoueny a
ianooiiiio:

aeey oeee?iae?a, caiiaiaiiai ??aeeiith, oeiiaei ? cina?aaeaeaiiy
aia?a??, ui ia?aiineoueny ii?iaeueiith oaeeath, a i?oaeiueiio oeee?iae??
aai ??aeei?; oaee? ?c neeueiei ca’yceii ?oo?a ?niothoue o aocueeeo
ae?aiaciiao /anoio, a ieie? yeeo ni?aiaaeathoue oacia? oaeaeeino?
ia?oe?aeueieo nenoai;

a oaeeaaiaeao, ioi/aieo aeonoe/iei na?aaeiaeuai, oaeeueia? ?ooe ?
caoooath/eie; anoaiiaeaii ia?aaoey?iee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? aaee/eie
aeaiio??oaaiiy ca ?aooiie aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae /anoioe, yeee iaoiiaeaiee
ci?iith ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aiie?ooae ?aae?aeueieo oa inueiaeo eiiiiiaio
ia?ai?uaiue a ii?iaeuei?e oaee?; oaee? c ia?aaaaeii inueiaei ?ooii ia
a?aieoe? eiioaeoo neaai aei?ii?iththoue a ioi/oth/a na?aaeiaeua;
aeyaeaii ?nioaaiiy /anoio, i?e yeeo ioi/oth/a ??aeeia ia /eieoue
nooo?aiai aieeao ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue;

aeyaeaii ?nioaaiiy oa aecia/aii e?iaiaoe/i? ? aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue, ye? ?iciianthaeaeothoueny aac aei?ii?ithaaiiy a
oaeeaaiaeao, ioi/aieo aeonoe/iei na?aaeiaeuai; a?aooaaiiy i?inoi?iaiai
oa?aeoa?o oaeeueiaeo ?oo?a aeicaieeei aeyaeoe ?nioaaiiy aeaio
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue a oeee?iae??, caiiaiaiiio ? ioi/aiiio ??aeeiith.

5. Ia iniia? e?euee?niiai aiae?co oaeeueiaeo iie?a, ye? caoaeaeothoueny
oi/eiaei aa?iii?eiei aeaea?aeii a oeee?iae??, caiiaiaiiio ? ioi/aiiio
??aeeiith, anoaiiaeaii:

iayai?noue aocueeeo iaeanoae i?ici?ino? oeee?iae?a, oe?eia ?
?icoaooaaiiy yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae /anoioe aeaea?aea, aaiiao?e/ieo oa
o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a oaeeaaiaea; ?icoe?aiiy iaeanoae i?ici?ino?
oeee?iae?a ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aonoeie ??aeeie, yea caiiaith? oeee?iae?, ?
ciaioaiiyi oiaueie no?iee oeee?iae?a;

ia?aaoey?io caeaaei?noue aaee/eie aei?ii?ithaaii? aeaea?aeii aia?a??
a?ae /anoioe; iiieaeaiiy c? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe aia?aaoe/ii? aaaiiino?
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue a caaaeueiiio aia?aaoe/iiio iie? aeaea?aea.

6. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea a?aieoeue canoinoaaiiy ?yaeo i?eeeaaeieo oai??e
noa?aei?a, ieanoei oa iaieiiie ia iniia? oi/ieo i?inoi?iaeo ?ica’yce?a.

Aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi
iiaii? nenoaie o?ueioaei??ieo ??aiyiue oai??? i?oaeiino?, iaoaiaoe/iei
iaa?oiooaaiiyi iaoiaeo noia?iiceoe??, yea aeeth/a? aeiaaaeaiiy
eaac??aaoey?iino? iane?i/aiieo nenoai, aecia/aiiy aneiioioe/ieo cia/aiue
iaa?aeiieo oeeo nenoai ? ei?aeoio ?aaeoeoe?th iane?i/aiieo nenoai, oa
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca?aii ie?aieo ?acoeueoao?a c aeaieie, ye? iaaaaeaii
a e?oa?aoo??.

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? a aeena?oaoe??, a oe?eiio iiaeia
eaae?o?eoaaoe ye oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy ? ?ica’ycaiiy aaaeeeai?
iaoeiai? i?iaeaie aeonoeee, yea ia? aaaeeeaa oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy. Aiie iia’ycai? c aeyaeaiiyi ? aeine?aeaeaiiyi ia iniia? oi/ieo
i?inoi?iaeo ?ica’yce?a iniaeeainoae oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a a ne?i/aiieo
i?oaeieo o?eao oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi oaeeue a i?oaeii-??aeeiieo
oeee?iae?e/ieo oaeeaaiaeao i?e a?aooaaii? ??ciiai oeio a?aie/ieo oiia,
ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy oa aeiii?ithaaiiy aia?a?? a ioi/oth/a
na?aaeiaeua. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe a iaoeia?e oa ?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiae?a oa aeai?eoi?a ia/eneaiiy niaeo?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa
ia?aiao??a ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?oaeieo ne?i/aiieo o?e
oeee?iae?e/ii? oi?ie, oa?aeoa?enoee ii?iaeueieo oaeeue ? oaeeueiaiai
iiey, yea caoaeaeo?oueny iaiai?aaeaiei aeaea?aeii, a i?oaeii-??aeeiieo
oaeeaaiaeao. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
/eoaii? niaoeeo?n?a c ieoaiue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue a neeaaeaieo
oaeeaaiaeao.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. I nianoaaiiuo /anoioao inaneiiao?e/ii
eieaaethuaeny e?oaeie oienoie ieeou // I?eee. iaoaieea. ( 1974. ( 10, N
11.—N.81(86.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. I nianoaaiiuo /anoioao neiiao?e/iuo ii oieueia
eieaaaiee e?oaeie oienoie ieeou // Aeiee. AI ONN?. Na?. A. ( 1977.—N
6.—N.514(517.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aiaeec eieaaaiee e?oaeie aeanoei cauaieaiiie ieeou //
I?eee. iaoaieea. ( 1978. ( 14, N4—N.82(87.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Ioeaiea i?aaeaeia i?eiaieiinoe
i?eaeeaeaiiuo oai?ee eieaaaiee ieanoei ia iniiaa aiaeeca oi/iuo ?aoaiee
// Aeeiaieea e i?i/iinoue iaoei. (1978. Aui.28.—N.81(89.

Eiienna?iaa A.E., I?ioeaiei I.I., Oea/aiei I.A. Iino?iaiea eaiiie/aneie
iiaeaee aeeiaie/aneeo i?ioeannia a oi?oaie ecio?iiiie n?aaea // Aeiee.
AI ONN?. Na?. A. ( 1978.—N 9.— N.809(811.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aiaeec /anoioiiai niaeo?a e oi?i
eieaaaiee aeeeiiuo oeeeeiae?ia // I?eee. iaoaieea. ( 1980. ( 16, N
1.—N.3(7.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aeeiaie/aneia iiaaaeaiea oeeeeiae?a a ie?anoiinoe
/anoiou iniiaiie ?aaeeaeueii-naeaeaiaie iiaeu // Aeiee. AI ONN?. Na?.
A. ( 1980.—N 4.—N.40(43.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Iiaeu eieaaaiee aeeeiiiai oeeeeiae?a a iaeanoe aunieeo
/anoio // I?eee. iaoaieea. ( 1981. ( 17, N2.—N.127(129.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Auniei/anoioiua ecaeaiua eieaaaiey e?oaeie ieanoeiu //
Oai aea. ( 1981. ( 17, N 8.— N.62(68.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aeenia?ney inaneiiao?e/iuo ii?iaeueiuo aiei a oi?oaii
aeanoei cauaieaiiii oeeeeiae?a // Aeiee. AI ONN?. Na?. A. ( 1981.—N
9.—N.39(43.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aeeyiea a?aie/iuo oneiaee ia nianoaaiiua /anoiou
ecaeaiuo inaneiiao?e/iuo eieaaaiee e?oaiaie ieanoeiu // Aeeiaieea e
i?i/iinoue iaoei. ( 1981.—Aui. 34.— N.57(61.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. No?oeoo?a aieiiaiai iiey aeey o?aaiaiee Eaia a oi?oaii
aeanoei cauaieaiiii oeeeeiae?a // Iaoaiaoe/aneay oeceea. ( 1981.—Aui.
30.—N.63(67.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aiaeec eieaaaiee e?oaiaiai oeeeeiae?a,
aucaaiiuo eeiaiaoe/aneei aicaoaeaeaieai oi?oeia // I?eee. iaoaieea. (
1982. ( 18, N 8.—N.35(41.

Kiienna?iaa A.E. Aiaeec eiiieaeniuo ei?iae aeenia?neiiiiai o?aaiaiey
aeanoei cauaieaiiiai oeeeeiae?a // Aeiee. AI ONN?. Na?. A. ( 1982.—N
8.—N.43(46.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. I ii?iaeueiuo eieaaaieyo oeeeeiae?a
eiia/iie aeeeiu n cauaieaiiie aieiaie iiaa?oiinoueth // I?eee. iaoaieea.
( 1983. ( 19, N 6.— N.25(30.

Eiienna?iaa A.E., Eeth/ieeiaa A.A. E ioeaiea i?aaeaeia i?eiaieiinoe
iaoiaea noaiaiiuo ?yaeia a caaea/ao ia ecaeaiuo eieaaaieyo ieanoei //
Iaoaiaoe/aneay oeceea. ( 1983.—Aui.34.—N.57(60.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. ?ani?ino?aiaiea aiei a iieii oi?oaii
oeeeeiae?a n aeeaeeinoueth // I?eee. iaoaieea.— 1984. ( 20, N
1.—N.21(26.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Ianoaoeeiia?iia aeaoi?ie?iaaiea
oeeeeiae?a eiia/iie aeeeiu // Oai aea. ( 1985.— 21, N 8.—N.3(10.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aiaeec aeeiaie/aneiai iai?yaeaiiiai ninoiyiey e?oaiaiai
oeeeeiae?a a ie?anoiinoe eeiaiaoe/anee aicaoaeaeaaiiai oi?oea //
I?iaeaiu i?i/iinoe. ( 1985.—N 2.— N.84(87.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Iniaaiiinoe aeeiaie/aneiai
aeaoi?ie?iaaiey iieiai oeeeeiae?a // I?eee. iaoaieea.— 1986. ( 22, N
5.—N.3(8.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. I iiaeoiaea e enneaaeiaaieth ianoaoeeiia?iuo eieaaaiee
oeeeeiae?a eiia/iie aeeeiu // Oai?ao. e i?eee. iaoaieea. ( 1987.—Aui.
18.—N.129(133.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aiaeec /anoioiiai niaeo?a iieiai oeeeeiae?a ia iniiaa
i?eaeeaeaiiuo oai?ee // I?eee. iaoaieea.— 1987. ( 23, N 6.—N.118(121.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Naienoaa ii?iaeueiuo iainaneiiao?e/iuo
aiei a oienoinoaiiii oeeeeiae?a, caiieiaiiii aeeaeeinoueth // Oai aea. (
1988. ( 24, N 10.— N.15(20.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aieiiaia iiea a oeeeeiae?a,
aaia?e?oaiia ianoaoeeiia?iui aicaeaenoaeai ia oi?oea // Oai aea. ( 1989.
( 25, N 11.—N.9(15.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. E ?aoaieth caaea/e i ?ani?ino?aiaiee oi?oaeo aiei a
oeeeeiae?a n aeeaeeinoueth // Oai aea. ( 1990. ( 26, N 8.—N.25(29.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe ianoaoeeiia?iuo
eieaaaiee, aicaoaeaeaaiuo a iieii oeeeeiae?a // Oai aea. ( 1990. ( 26, N
10.—N.3(10.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aeenia?neiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
ii?iaeueiuo aiei a nenoaia oi?oaee oeeeeiae?— ie?oaeathuay aeeaeeinoue
// Oai aea. ( 1994. ( 30, N 2. — N.11(16.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Inaneiiao?e/iua aieiu a oi?oaii iieii
oeeeeiae?a, caiieiaiiii e ie?oaeaiiii aeeaeeinoueth // Oai aea. ( 1994.
( 30, N 9.— N.15(23.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Iniaaiiinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey yia?aee a aeaooneieiie
n?aaea i?e ?ani?ino?aiaiee ii?iaeueiuo aiei // Oai aea. 1995. ( 31, N
11.—N.38(45.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Eceo/aiea oi/a/iiai enoi/ieea aioo?e
oi?oaiai iieiai oeeeeiae?a, iiiauaiiiai a aeonoe/aneoth n?aaeo. Iauaa
?aoaiea e au/eneeoaeueiue aeai?eoi // Oai aea. ( 1997. ( 33, N
5.—N.20(29.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Iaiauaiiua aieiu Noioiee a ninoaaiii
oi?oai-aeeaeeinoiii aieiiaiaea // Aeii. IAI Oe?a?ie. Iaoaiaoeea,
i?e?iaeiciaanoai, oaoi?/i? iaoee. ( 1997.—N 9.— N.67(74.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. Eceo/aiea oi/a/iiai enoi/ieea aioo?e
oi?oaiai iieiai oeeeeiae?a, iiiauaiiiai a aeonoe/aneoth n?aaeo. Naienoaa
ii?iaeueiuo aiei e iai?aaeaiiinoue eceo/aiey // I?eee. iaoaieea. ( 1998.
( 34, N 5.—N.12(23.

A?ei/aiei A.O., Eiienna?iaa A.E. I aiciiaeiinoyo naeaeaiaie iiaeaee
Oeiioaiei i?e enneaaeiaaiee eieaaaiee oienouo ieeo // O?oaeu O Ananithc.
eiio. ii oai?ee iaiei/ae e ieanoei (Eooaene, 1975). O.2.—Oaeeene:
Iaoeiea?aaa, 1975.— N.110(118.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Enneaaeiaaiea /anoioiiai niaeo?a ecaeaiuo eieaaaiee
aeeeiiuo oeeeeiae?ia // Aeeiaieea i?ino?ainoaaiiuo eiino?oeoeee.—Eeaa:
EENE, 1978.— N.118(120.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeiaie/aneiai iiaaaeaiey oeeeeiae?a a
iaeanoe aunieeo /anoio iaoiaeii noia?iiceoeee // Oac. aeiee. “Ananithc.
eiio. ii oai?ee oi?oainoe” (A?aaai, 1979).—A?aaai: AI A?i.NN?,
1979.—N.184(186.

Eiienna?iaa A.E., Eeth/ieeiaa A.A. Aaieeueoiiia iiaeoiae i?e ?aoaiee
caaea/e ecaeaiuo eieaaaiee ieanoei // I?iaeaiu aiaeeoe/aneie iaoaieee e
oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai.—I.: AOe AI NNN?, 1985.—N.191(196.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Eceo/aiea oi/a/iiai enoi/ieea aioo?e
oi?oai-aeeaeeinoiiai aieiiaiaea // International Conference Modelling
and Investigation of systems stability mechanical systems. Thesis of
conference reports.—Kiev (Ukraine).— 1997.—C.77.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eii?na?iaa A.E. Oaeeueia? aoaeoe a i?inoi?iaeo caaea/ao eieeaaiue oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue a i?oaeieo o?eao oeee?iae?e/ii? oi?ie.—
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.06 ( aeonoeea.—?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee
IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aiae?co i?inoi?iaeo oaeeueiaeo iie?a ? i?iaaaeaii
?? ?aae?caoe?th aeey i?oaeieo o?e ne?i/aiieo ?ici???a oa neeaaeaieo
oaeeaaiae?a i?e a?aooaaii? ianoaoe?iia?iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy ?
?aae?aoe?eiiai aeaiio??oaaiiy. Ia iniia? oi/ieo ?ica’yce?a i?inoi?iaeo
a?aie/ieo caaea/ anoaiiaeaii iia? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy /anoioiiai
niaeo?a oa oi?i eieeaaiue a nooe?eueieo ? ii?iaeienoeo ne?i/aiieo
oeee?iae?ao a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aie/ieo oiia. Aeyaeaii e?euee?ni?
ca’ycee i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ianoaoe?iia?ieo oaeeueiaeo iie?a a
nooe?eueieo ? ii?iaeienoeo ne?i/aiieo oeee?iae?ao oa ia?aiao?aie
ciai?oiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. I?iaaaeaii e?euee?nio ioe?ieo aoaeo?a
oieonoaaiiy oaeeue ia in? oeee?iae?a. Aea/aii e?iaiaoe/i? oa
aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeeueiaeo iie?a, ye? caoaeaeothoueny
oi/eiaei iaiai?aaeaiei aeaea?aeii a i?oaeii-??aeeiieo oaeeaaiaeao a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o nooeoo?e oa o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a neeaaeiaeo
oaeeaaiae?a. Aeyaeaii ? aea/aii ocaaaeueiai? iacaoooath/? oaee? a
neeaaeaieo oaeeaaiaeao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?inoi?ia? oaeeueia? iiey, ne?i/aiiee oeee?iae?,
ianoaoe?iia?ia aeaoi?ioaaiiy, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue ,
i?oaeii-??aeeiiee oaeeaaiae, ?aae?aoe?eia aeaiio??oaaiiy.

Eiienna?iaa A.E. Aieiiaua yooaeou a i?ino?ainoaaiiuo caaea/ao eieaaaiee
e ?ani?ino?aiaiey aiei a oi?oaeo oaeao oeeeeiae?e/aneie
oi?iu.—?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.06 ( aeonoeea.—Einoeooo aeae?iiaoaieee IAI
Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea aiaeeca i?ino?ainoaaiiuo aieiiauo iieae e
i?iaaaeaia aa ?aaeecaoeey aeey oi?oaeo oae eiia/iuo ?acia?ia e ninoaaiuo
aieiiaiaeia n o/aoii ianoaoeeiia?iiai aeaoi?ie?iaaiey e ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai
aeaiioe?iaaiey. Ia iniiaa oi/iuo ?aoaiee i?ino?ainoaaiiuo a?aie/iuo
caaea/ onoaiiaeaiu iiaua iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey /anoioiuo niaeo?ia e
oi?i eieaaaiee a nieioiuo e iieuo eiia/iuo oeeeeiae?ao a caaeneiinoe io
a?aie/iuo oneiaee. Auyaeaiu ea/anoaaiiua nayce iaaeaeo oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
ianoaoeeiia?iuo aieiiauo iieae a nieioiuo e iieuo eiia/iuo oeeeeiae?ao e
ia?aiao?aie aiaoiae iaa?ocee. I?iaaaeaia eiee/anoaaiiay ioeaiea yooaeoia
oieone?iaee aiei ia ine oeeeeiae?a. Eco/aiu eeiaiaoe/aneea e
yia?aaoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aieiiauo iieae, nicaeaaaaiuo oi/a/iui
iaiai?aaeaiiui enoi/ieeii a oi?oai-aeeaeeinoiuo aieiiaiaeao,

caaeneiinoe io no?oeoo?u aieiiaiaea e oece/aneeo naienoa ninoaaeythueo.
Iaia?oaeaiu e eco/aiu iaiauaiiua iacaoooathuea aieiu a ninoaaiuo
aieiiaiaeao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ino?ainoaaiiua aieiiaua iiey, eiia/iue oeeeeiae?,
ianoaoeeiia?iia aeaoi?ie?iaaiea, ?ani?ino?aiaiea aiei,
oi?oai-aeeaeeinoiie aieiiaiae, ?aaeeaoeeiiiia aeaiioe?iaaiea.

Komisarova H.L. Wave effects in space problems of vibration and wave
propagation in elastic bodies of cylindrical form.— Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree of doctor of phisical-mathematical sciences
on speciality 01.04.06 — acoustic.—Institute of Hydromechenics of
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

The metod of solution and analysis of space wave fields is developed and
applied to a finite elastic bodies and composite waveguides.
Nonstationary deformation and radiation damping are taken into account.
New special features of formation of frequency spectrums and modes of
vibrations in finite solid and hollow cylinders are established on the
basis of exact solutions of space problems in dependence on the boundary
conditions. The qualitative relationships between the characteristics
of nonstationary wave fields and parameters of external force in
boundary conditions are determined. The quantitative estimation of the
effects of wave focusing on the axis of cyliner is carried out. The
kinematic and energy characterictics of wave fields produced by point
undirected source in elastic-fluid waveguides are studied as functions
of waveguide structure and physical properties of its elements. The
general undamped surface waves in composite waveguides are detected and
studied.

Key words: space wave fields, finite cylinder, nonstationary
deformation, wave propagation, elastic-fluid waveguide, radiation
damping.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 02.11.1998. Oi?iao 60×84/16

Iai?? ae?oe. Oiiai. a?eoo 2,0.

Ia.-aeae. a?eoo. 2,0. Oe?aae 100. Caiiae.

Iaae?oeiaaii a ?AI IAI Oe?a?ie

252057, Ee?a-57, aoe. AEaeyaiaa, 8/4

PAGE

PAGE 2

PAGE

Похожие записи