IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO E?OA?AOO?E ?i. O.A.OAA*AIEA

AEO?AA Na?oeaia Noaiai?aia

883.3 – 32

OOAeIAEI?E NA?O

OE?A?INUeEI? ?II?AN?II?NOE*II?

IIA?NO? 20-O ?IE?A OO NO.

10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
A.Aiaothea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oea/oe Ieeiea Ieaoiiiae/,

caa. eaoaae?e ?noi???

oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Aiaothea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aieoa?aa C?ia?aea Na?a??aia,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi???
oe?a?inueei?

e?oa?aoo?e Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Aa?anueea Iaae?y Ia?e?aia,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
O.Oaa/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.178.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie (252601, Ee?a — 1, aoe.
I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e
?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 20 aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
I.I.Noeeia

27

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy

Oeyo oe?a?inueei? i?ice 20-o ?ie?a, ye ? iiac??, aoa neeaaeiei ?
iai?-aeeia?iei: aeeaiei aeaaaeai? eiioeaioe?? oa ?aea? c?ooiaoothoueny c
iiaa?oiaeie iai?oanoaie oa aaneaie; anoaoe/iee aiae?c oai?o ia??aeei
i?aei?ith?oueny iie?oe/iei; oi/aoueny aeeneon?? i?i oi?io e ci?no oai??a
ienoaoeoaa, i?i oeyoe ?icaeoeo “i?ieaoa?nueei? e?oa?aoo?e”, ??
o?aaeeoe?? oa iiaaoi?noai, noaaeaiiy aei eeane/ii? niaaeueie ieioeiai.
Ia?oa ii?aaiethoe?eia aeany-oee?ooy a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeiyoeiaei ?icia?ooyi noeeueiaeo oa/?e ? iai?yi?a, ?o
iaeii/aniei ni?a?nioaaiiyi.

I?i oa, ui oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a ia?oi? iieiaeie OO no. ?icaeaaeanue
i?ae ciaeii ?ii?an?ii?cio, na?ae/aoue ia?o? ni?iae inieneaiiy oeueiai
noeeueiaiai iai?yio, cae?eniai? ii aa?y/eo ne?aeao I.A?eaoeueeei,
I.Aeieaiaii, I.Ca?iaei, ?.Eoeeeii. O iiaeaeueo? aeanyoee?ooy c iaaieo
noa’?eoeaieo i?e-/ei a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? a?i o?aeooaaany ye
ienoaoeoai ao?aeoacia, caiaiaaeieoeueea.

Eeoa a inoaii? ?iee c’yaeeanue iiaeeea?noue a?oioiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy a Oe?a?i? 20 — 30-o ?ie?a, niinoa??aa?oueny iiaa
inien-eaiiy aaaiieo ienoaoeueeeo yaeu oa iinoaoae. Oe??? i?iaeaie o
nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?eathoueny A.Aaa?aa, I.AEoeeinueeee, A.Iaeueiee,
A.N?iaea, A.Iaoa?aiei, aea a ieo iniiaia oaaaa caa?oa?oueny ia
?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iee aiae?c oai??a, ?o i?noea o e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean?,
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ia?ac?a. I?e?iaeiuei, ui oaaaa cina?aaeaeo?oueny ia
oai?/iio oeyoo ienueiaiiee?a oe??? aiioe, ye? aoee aeeo/ai? c ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e. Caneoaiao? ia oaaao i??eoaaiiy oeeo
aeine?aeiee?a i?i oai?/o ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, ineoieia?ci, oai?/o
iaenoa?i?noue ieooe?a 20-o ?ie?a, cie?aia o aeai?? iia?no?.

Oe?a?inueea i?ica ia?oeo ?ie?a i?ney ?aaiethoe?? i?aaenoaaeaia
iae-??ciiiai?oi?oeie aeai?aie; a?eueo?noue ieooe?a a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao
“iae?e i?ic?” (oe?oee, aothaee, iiaaee, iiia?aeaiiy). I?ioa aaea c
na?aaeeie 20-o ?ie?a noai aeai??a o e?oa?aoo?? a?aecia/aany ia o?eueee
oaiaoeeith, aea e aeeaeiith ?ic?iaee aeooaeueieo aeeoo?aeo i?iaeai, naia
oiio oeae ia??iae noaa aeey iia?no? oa ?iiaio ia??iaeii aeaeaoieo
ooaeiaei?o a?aee?eoo?a. Ni?aaae?, iia?noue ye aeai? e?oa?aoo?e iaaoaa?
aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy a eiioaeno? aiioe. A oe?eaa?e nai?th no?oeoo?ith
?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e iia?no? ieooe? i?aaioee aaeaeaaoii ciiaeaethaaoe
nioe?aeuei? i?ioeane ? noaie aeoo? ethaeeie, yea ia?aaeeaa? neeaaei?
aeooiai?, ii?aeueii-aoe/i? ia?eiao?? o ca’yceo c ?aaeueieie neooaoe?yie
aeiae.

Oe?a?inuee?e ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e iia?no? iaeaaeeoue iii?oia i?noea o
e?oa-?aoo?iiio i?ioean? 20-o ?ie?a, aaeaea, ye cacia/aa I.A?eaoeueeee,
naia “e?-?e/ia iia?noue-?ainiae?y c ?io?iaeoeoe?yie ? o?iaeaie, c
ia?aoiaeii ?eoio ia a??o?, c i?eeoaaiiyi i?i caoeiao ?ino?oiaioiaeo, c
ioce/i?noth eiiii-ceoe??” A?eaoeueeee I. C?a?aiiy i?aoeue: O 5 o. — E.:
Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1966. — O.3. — N.36. noaea iaei??th ?c i?ia?aeieo o oeae
ia??iae, i?ioa aiia e aein? ia ae?noaea anaa?/ii?, a?oioiaii? iaoeiai?
ioe?iee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeie?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeinue ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia
eiii-eaenii? oaie “AEai?iaa nenoaia oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO no.”, ui
?ic?iaey?oueny eaoaae?ith ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
A.Aiaothea. Oaio aeena?oaoe?? iiaiaeaeaii c Iaoeiai-eii?aeeiaoe?eiith
?aaeith IAI Oe?a?ie “Eeane/ia niaaeueia ? no/ania ooaeiaeiy e?oa?aoo?a”
i?e ?inoeooo? e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee

O e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? aei oeueiai /ano ooi/iththoueny aeai?ia?
iniaeeaino? iia?no?, ?? a?aei?ii?noue a?ae ?ioeo aeai??a, cie?aia ?iiaio
e iiia?aeaiiy. Iae-iei ?c ia?oeo ?ieue ? i?noea iia?no? o nenoai?
ai?/ieo aeai??a aecia/ea ?in?enueeee e?eoee A.A.A?e?inueeee, yeee
aaaaeaa, ui iia?noue “? ?icae?eii, ae?aaiei c ?iiaio” ? ia i?aoaiaeo? ia
iiaia ioiieaiiy aeeoo?aeo yaeu. Aea, ia a?aei?io a?ae iiia?aeaiiy, aiia
iaae?eaia a?eueoei cia?aaeaeueiei i?inoi?ii, uia ia caaaeaee,
caa?oath/enue aei ?iaeiaiae?a ia?niiaae?a, ia caaa?ooth/e ?o aeeoo?aee
oeyo, ana ae i?inoaaeeoe aaiethoe?th /e aeaa?aaeaoe?th aa?i?a, aeacaoe
ia iioeaaoe?th ethaenueeeo a/eie?a. Naia oiio a i?e iiaea?oueny
aeae?eueea iiae?e, iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith, ia’?aeiaieo iaaeiei iaeiiai
aa?iy. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?iiaio, iia?noue ia a?aeia?aaea? aaeeeo aiioo, a
eeoa ie?aneth? ?? ie?aieie aaaeeeaeie iiae?yie, cia?aaea?oueny aeeooy
iaei??? ethaeeie ? iaeaeeae/iai ?e na?aaeiaeua. ?icaeoie nthaeaoo
cae?enith?oueny niie?ei?oa, i?ae o ?iiai?. ?iiae? ?ici?? oai?o ? ia aea?
i?aenoaa aeey aecia/aiiy aeai?o, i?ioa ca ia’?iii iia?noue iaioa a?ae
?iiaio, ? oea aeeeoo? iiaoaeiao nthaeaoo, aeei?enoaiiy oaaoeueiiai
iaoa??aeo.

Ioaea, iniiaia a?aei?ii?noue ia o?eueee a ianyc? oai?o, ia eeoa a
“ciaethaaii?” /e “cia?aaeaii?” aeeooy, a o oai?aii? ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo
— “eieaeuei?oiai, iaiaaeaiiai a /an? e i?inoi?? aeieath, ?noi???th
aeoo?, i?eaiaeaie iaeiiai /e e?eueeio ia?niiaae?a” Oea/aiei A.I.
Ienoaoeoai neiaa (Anooi aei e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa): i?ae?o/iee aeey
aoiai?oa???a. – E.: I?aaaea ss?ineaae/?a, 1997. – N.87..

Oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aea/aiiy aeai?o iia?no?, caeeaaeaia A.A?e?inueeei,
io?eiaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie o i?aoeyo no/anieo a/aieo: A.Aociee,
I.Aieeinueeiai, E.Aa?anueei?, C.Aieoa?ai?, A.Aeii/eea, A.Eocuei?ia,
A.Eaneea, ?.I?uoea, Ae.Iaeeaaeea, E.Iiae/aiea, A.Neiaiei, I.Oea/oea,
I.Ooueio?ia, A.Oauaiea, I.O?iiea oa ?ioeo.

Aea/aiiy aeai?iai? niaoeeo?ee iia?no? ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith ia
no/aniiio aoai?, aaeaea ioe?iee iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a a oiiaao iaioaaiiy nioe?ieia?/ieo aeiai iaee
oaiaeaioe?eiee oa?aeoa?. O a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeaiue 50-80-o ?ie?a
aeaye? ienueiaiieee ? ?yae oai??a ia caaaeoaaeeny c iie?oe/ieo
i??eoaaiue. Oiio a ?acoeueoao? oaeiai i?aeoiaeo ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iee
i?ioean aoei aee?eaeaii: cia/i? e?oa?aoo?i? yaeua caiia/oaaeenue aai
iiaeaaaeenue o niioai?aiiio aeaeyae?. I?ae aieea
aoeueaa?ii-nioe?ieia?/ieo noai iio?aieea ?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iia?noue, yeo
?aaeyinueea e?eoeea iaceaaea “ao?aeoaciith”. Cie?aia oea noino?oueny
iia?noae A.Ieoaeee/aiea, I.?a/aiea, I.Oaeeueiaiai, A.Aieiaea, A.Eineiee,
A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, I.Iai/a, TH.ssiianueeiai, I.Oo?yinueeiai.

O aeai?iaiio aniaeo? iia?noue eiie?aoi?oa ?icaeyaea?oueny ?in?enueeeie
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyie. Aeineoue oe?eaaeie ? iiiia?ao?/i? ca??ieee:
“Nia?aiaiiay ?onneay niaaoneay iiaanoue” (E., 1975), “?onneay niaaoneay
iiaanoue 20-30-o aiaeia” (E., 1976), i?aoe? A.Neiaiei “?onneay niaaoneay
ii-aanoue 40-50-o aa. Aii?inu iiyoeee e oeiieiaee aeai?a (Ooa, 1970),
A.Eocueieia “Iiaanoue eae aeai? eeoa?aoo?u” (I., 1984), a yeeo ie?aneai?
iaai? ?noi?e/i? oa oeiieia?/i? ??ciiaeaee iia?no?, ?? aeai?iaa
no?oeoo?a, caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo. E?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?, canoiniaoth/e
ii??aiyeueii-oe-iieia?/iee aiae?c, aecia/eee niaoeeo?/i? ?
caaaeueii?iaeia? aeanoeaino? oeuei-ai aeai?o. Oae, ?in?enuee?
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe? o ca??ieeo “Nia?aiaiiay ?on-neay niaaoneay iiaanoue”
(E.,1975) o caeaaeiino? a?ae ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e iia?no? aeae?eythoue
aeae?eueea ?? aeai?iaeo ??ciiaeae?a: iieniao, aenoaineaio, i?aai?/io,
iiaae?noe/io, e??e/io. Iaaaaeai? oeie ia ae/a?iothoue an???
aaaaoia?aiiino? ooaeiaei?o oi?i oeueiai aeai?o. I.Ooueio?i i?iaeiaaeo?
?yae ??ciiaeae?a ?iiai?/iith, ii?aeueii-iieniaith ? ae?aiaoe/iith
iia?noth, o oeaio?? yei? iieacai? aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae iniaeno?noth ?
na?aaeiaeuai Ooaoei I. AEai?u yie/aneie i?icu. — E.: Iaoea, 1982. —
N.150.. A.Aociee i?aee?aneth? aaaeeeao ?ieue ineoieia?/ii? iia?no?
Aociee A. ?onneay niaaoneay i?ica aeaaaeoeaouo aiaeia. — E.: Iaoea,
1975. — N.131..

A oe?a?inueeiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeai aeai?iai? niaoeeo?ee ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no?,
ia aeaeue, ua iaia?, oi/ iia?no? i?enay/aii /eiaei i?aoeue, a yeeo
?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c oaiaoeeith, nenoaiith ia?ac?a.
Caaaeii oea noaoo?, ui ae?oeoaaeeny ia noi??ieao ?anioae?eainueeeo
aeo?iae?a oa a /eneaiieo ca??ieeao, iaoeiaeo caieneao, ui aeaeaaaeenue
oe?a?inueeeie aocaie. O aeena?oaoe?? ?.O.Eiaoeaai? “AEai?iai-noeeaaia
naiaia?acea oe?aeineie niaaoneie enoi?eei-?aaiethoeeiiiie iiaanoe 20-o
aiaeia” (1974), aeine?aeaeo?oueny nai???aei?noue iia?no?
ii?aaiethoe?eiiai aeanyoee?ooy, aea a oaiaoe/iiio aniaeo?. Ia nueiaiaei?
oea ?aee-ia aeena?oaoe?y, i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith iia?no? oeueiai
ia??iaeo. ?iaioa aeeiiaia o ?aieao “nioe?aae?cio”, i?ioa aiae?cothoueny
iaeia?aeii? oai?e I.Oinoaea, A.Onaiea ? A.Ooia, A.Oeiainueeiai,
A.Etha/aiea, N.Neey?aiea.

Na?aae iaeiia?oeo aeine?aeaeaiue oe??? i?iaeaie — eaiaeeaeaonuee?
aeena?oaoe?? I.Ie?eiee (“Iiaoeea oe?a?inueei? ?aaeyinueei? iia?no?
(70-o? ?iee)”, 1982), A.N?iaee (“Iniaeeaino? e??eei-?ii?an?ii?noe/ii?
noeeueiai? nenoaie ?aii?o oai??a A.A.Aieiaea a eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei? i?ice ia?oi? iieiaeie 20-o ?ie?a”, 1990); ia a?aei?io a?ae
iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeiee?a oai?/ino? A.Aieiaea, aaoi? oe??? ?iaioe aeaco?
ia o?ainoi?iaoe?th e??eei-?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? oaiaeaioe?? o aeai?? iia?no?
o 20-o? ?iee. O aeena?oaoe?yo E.Eaaoi (“Iiaae?noeea A.Eineiee ?
i?iaeaia iiaoeee oe?a?inueei? iaei? i?ice 20-30-o ?. OO no”, 1995) oa
A.Eie?nie/aiei (“Oaeeueiaee ? anoaoeea ?icno??ey-iiai ?aianaino”, 1996)
ieoaiiy aeai?iai? niaoeeo?ee iia?no? ?icaeyaea?oueny eeoa i?eiaa?aeii.

Ia nueiaiaei? ua iaia? aeine?aeaeaiue, ui neioaciaaii ie?aneeee a
ea?oeio noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iia?no? ? iiaee a aeaoe
a?aeiia?aeue ia oe?eee ?yae neeaaeieo ia?ica’ycaieo ieoaiue, ui iaieio/a
aeieeathoue i?e iciaeiieaii? c oeei aeai?ii. Naia oeei coiiaeaia
aeooaeuei?noue iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ooaeiaei?e na?o oe?a?inueei?
?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? ii?aaiethoe?eiiai aeanyoee?ooy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iia?no? “Aeaeeoiee ?iiai” A.Ieoaeee/aiea,
“*a?aiiee ?iiai”, “Iiaeo”, “Ianeiee noaio”, “Caeai? na?oeai” A.Aieiaea,
“Ai??ee noaie”, “Caie? aecaiiyoue”, “Ooie aaniyi?”, “Iaii?i? aei?”, ”A
??aei?e inae?”, “O niiy/i?i eie?” I.?a/aiea, “Iaoe”, “Aa?iii?y”
A.Eineiee, “Naiaoi??eia ciia”, “Naioeiaioaeueia ?noi??y” I.Oaeeueiaiai,
“Inoai Oaioaea” A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, “Aieoa? aoaeiie”, “C ii?y”, “Aac
eice?y”, “Iia?noue iaoeo aei?a” I.Iai/a, “Ea?iaonueea i?/” I.??/aia,
“Aaeai?iae” TH.ssiianueeiai, “Iica iaaeaie aieth” I.Oo?yinueeiai.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — eiiieaenia aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei?
?ii?an?ii?n-oe/ii? iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a, aiae?c ?? ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo oa
aeai?iai? no?oeoo?e.

I?e oeueiio ae??oothoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ocaaaeueieoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe iniaeeaino? aeai?o iia?no?,
aecia/eoe iniiai? e?eoa??? ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no?, ?? ?ieue o
e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean? 20-o ?ie?a;

— ie?aneeoe niaoeeo?eo iiaeaethaaiiy ia?aco aa?iy a
?ii?a-n?ii?noe/i?e iia?no?, aena?oeeoe ?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea iia?noae,
?o aioo-??oith aeeneon?ei?noue;

— aecia/eoe no?oeoo?i? e aeai?ia? ??ciiaeaee oe?a?inueei?
?ii?a-n?ii?noe/ii? iia?no?, ?? ooaeiaeith i?aai?caoe?th, nai???aei?noue
oai?/i? ?iaee-a?aeoaeueiino? ieooe?a-iia?noy??a.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? iaoeia? i?aoe?
oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a oa oai?aoee?a e?oa?aoo?e A.Aaa?ai?,
I.A?eaoeueeiai, I.A??oiaia, C.Aieoa?ai?, ?.A?ii’yea, O.Aoiaei?iai?,
I.Aeieaiaa, A.Aeii/eea, I.Aei?ioeaae/a, ?.Aeaienthea. I.AEoeeinueeiai,
Ae.Caoiinueeiai, I.Eanei-Eooethe, ?.I?uoea, A.Iaeueieea, I.Ia?iea,
Ae.Iaeeaaeea, E.Iiae/aiea, I.I?eeea, N.Iaaee/ei, A.Oea/aiea, I.Oea/oea,
I.*a?iaiei, A.Oauaiea, O.sseoaianueeiai oa ?ioeo. O nai?o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeena?oaioea nie?aeanue ia i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo —
?.Aa?oa, O.Aei, ?.?iaa?aeaia, TH.E??noaao, C.O?ieaea, A.Oiiaiaaoa?a,
E.-A.THiaa; o oiio /ene? ?in?enueeeo — E.Aiae???aa, I.Aaoo?ia, A.A?ei?,
A.A?e?inueeiai, A.Aociee, I.Aay, A.Eocuei?ia, Ae.Eeoa/iaa, TH.Eioiaia,
E.Onaiea, I.Ooueio?ia, E.*a?iaoeue, A.*oaeaeiaa; oa iieuenueeeo —
?.Einnaea, ?.Ie/a, N.I?oioae oa ?ioeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o oiio, ui aia?oa ia oe?ieiio
oaeoe/iiio iaoa??ae? nenoaiii aeine?aeaeo?oueny ooaeiaei?e na?o,
aeai?iaa no?oeoo?a e iiaoeea oe?a?inueei? ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? 20-o
?ie?a OO no. Aia?oa aea/aii e iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ?? aeai?ia?
??ciiaeaee, ooaeiaeith oi?eaeuei?noue o eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueei? i?ice
aeiae, aena?oeaii eiioeaioe?th aa?iy ye ?? aaaeeeaiai aeai?ioai?/iai
/eiieea, ?ice?eoi no?oeoo?o oaeno?a, iiaoeeo nthaeao?a, eiiiiceoe??,
oa?aeoa? eiioe?eo?a, i?inoi?iai-/ania? eii?aeeiaoe, c’yniaaii
iniaeeaino? ae?aaeaiiy aaoi?nueei? iiceoe??, cie?aia a e??e/i?e ?
iienia?e iia?noyo, iia?no?-niia?ae? ? iia?no?-uiaeaiieeo, iiaae?noe/i?e
? ineoieia?/i?e. Ii-iiaiio ?icaeyaea?oueny ?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea
iia?noae A.Ieoaeee/aiea ? A.Aieiaea, A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai e A.Aieiaea, ui
aeaei iiaeeea?noue iieacaoe ooaeiaeith naiiaooi?noue ? iiaaoi?noai
ieooe?a o aeai?? iia?no?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? iaoa??aee iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iia?no?,
a eae-oe?eieo eo?nao oa i?e i?aeaioiaoe? niaoeeo?n?a oa niaoenai?ia??a
aeey nooaeaio?a o?eieia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a aoc?a, a oaeiae i?e aea/aii?
oai?/ino? I. Oaeeueiaiai, A. Aieiaea, I. ?a/aiea, A. Eineiee, A.
I?aeiiaeeueiiai, I. Iai/a a caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie? oa a iicaeeani?e
?iaio?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia Anaoe?a?inueeeo
i?aeaoc?anueeeo neiai?iaeeinueeeo /eoaiiyo, i?enay/aieo 200-??//th c
aeiy nia?o? ieneeoaey (E?eaee ??a, 1994), ui??/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1995, 1996,
1997 ??.). Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? ? 8 ioae?eaoe?e. Aeena?oaoe?y
iaaiai?aia ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e e eaoaae?e oai??? e?oa?aoo?e oa ii??aiyeueiiai
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Aiaothea.

No?oeoo?a ? ci?no ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a (“Eiioeaioe?y
aa?iy ye aeai?ioai?/ee /eiiee oe?a?inueei? ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no?
20-o ?ie?a”, “?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no?:
iieai?ea, oioiaei?noue ? iaoioiaei?noue ooaeiaeiuei? ea?oeie na?oo
(A.Ieoaeee/aiei “Aeaeeoiee ?iiai” ? A.Aieiaei “*a?aiiee ?iiai”;
A.Aieiaei “Iiaeo” e “Inoai Oaioaea” A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai oa ?io?) oa
“No?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y oaeno?a: ieth?ae?ci i?aai?/iino?, ia?aaeeaia
iaiaeiicia/iino? e nii??aeiaiino?”), aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O “Anooi?” oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noai aea/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, ??
aeooaeuei?noue, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneaii eiai iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao, iiaecio ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Eiioeaioe?y aa?iy ye aeai?ioai?/ee /eiiee
?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a” ?icaeyaea?oueny aioo??oi?e
ineoiaeooiaiee na?o ethaeeie, yea, iieieaoenue ia “iaae? aiio”, i?aaia
aecia/eoenue o oeth neeaaeio aeiao noni?eueieo iio?yn?iue.

?aaiethoe?ei? iiae??, oain o e?a?i?, iaaiaaiai?noue ethaeae o
caao?aoiueiio aei?, ciaa??a ii?iaeeee iiao iniaeno?noue, ethaeeio c
?iceieioith, ?icaeai?iith ineo?eith. Naia oaea ethaeeia noa? ia’?eoii
?ii?an?ii?noe/iiai oai?o ii?aaiethoe?eiiai aeanyoee?ooy. I?aeaeuaio
oaaao aei ?aea? nieneo aoooy a ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a
iiaeia iiynieoe i?aaiaiiyi ienueiaiiee?a iieacaoe ?aaeueio ae?eni?noue ?
ethaeeio ye /anoeio Anana?oo. Noaiaea?oiee, cae/aeiee ia?ac, yeee
iaioaaa o i?ic? O?O no., ao?a/a? naith ?ieue, iaoii?noue ia ia?aaei?e
ieai “aeoiaeeoue ethaeeia no?aaeaeaiia, aoio?aia (iaa?oue aa?aneaia),
?aoeaeooth/a, aoiieaia (aae aei aeai?an??) ? iiae., oiaoi c oe?e?niei
aioo??oi?i aeeooyi, yea ia?aaoaa? o o?aa?/i?e noia?a/iino? ?c ciai?oi?i
na?oii” Eociaoeia TH. ?ii?an?ii?ci a oe?a?inuee?e i?ic? e?ioey O?O —
ii/. OO no. (I?iaeaie anoaoeee ? iiaoeee). — E.: Ciae?ae — AEI, 1995. —
N.182..

O cia?aaeaii? aioo??oiueiai na?oo aa?iy A.Aieiaei, I.?a/aiei,
I.Oaeeueiaee, A.Eineiea, I.Oo?yinueeee, A.I?aeiiaeeueiee, I.Iai/,
I.??/ai, TH.ssiianueeee nie?athoueny ia aeina?ae nai?o iiia?aaeiee?a
(I.Eioethaeinueeiai, A.Noaoaieea, I.Eiaeeyinueei?) oa ?a?iiaenueeeo
?ii?an?ii?no?a. Oaaaa aei aioo??oiueiai na?oo i?inoi? ethaeeie,
ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?? iaae/a?iii?, naiioe?iii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iniaenoino?
? oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? noeeueiai? iaia?e.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoo? ethaeeie ? a ii?iaeueiiio, ? a aeno?aiaeueiiio
noai? ? iaei??th c i?eeiaoieo ?en oai??a, iaienaieo o noee?
ineoieia?/iiai ?ii?an?ii?cio.

I?iaeaie ethaeeie ? na?oo, ?oiueiai aca?iica’yceo ? a?ae/oaeaiiy,
aioo??oiueiai eiioe?eoo ? o?aaaae?? noathoue oeaio?aeueieie a
?ii?an?ii?n-oe/i?e iia?no?, iiaeeaeththoue oyaeaiiy i?i aeooiaiee,
ineo?/iee na?o iniae, aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? oai?/eo ooeaiue ieooe?a.
Aeii?ioth/ei aniaeoii ineo?ee aa?iy ? iio?e aeoiie, anioe?aoe?e,
a?aaeaiue, niiaaae?a, iia’ycaiee, ianaiia?aae, c ia?aa?aii ia?aaeeaaiue.
Caaeeaeaiiy aa?iy o niiaaaee /e i??? a?aeaeaa? oa, ui a?i ia?aaeeaa?
naia o oeth ieoue, ? iia’ycaia c eiai ni?ee-iaiiyi ae?eniino?. Oae, o
iia?noyo “Iiaeo”, “*a?aiiee ?iiai”, “Ianeiee noaio”, “Caeai? na?oeai”
A.Aieiaea, “Aieoa? aoaeiie”, “Aac eice?y” I.Iai/a, “Caie? aecaiiyoue”,
“Iaii?i? aei?” I.?a/aiea, “Iica iaaeaie aieth” I.Oo?yinueeiai,
“Aa?iii??” A.Eineiee iiae?y ia?aiineoueny ?c ciai?oiueiai aeeooy o
aioo??oi?e na?o aa?iy, o ieai ni?eeiaiiy, niiaaae?a, a?c?e,
naiiniinoa?aaeaiue ia?aoi?a.

Ia?niiaae ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? o iiiaio cia?aaeaiiy caaaeaee
ia?aaoaa? o noai? aeooaaiiai ?icia/o, naiiniia?ae?, iaiia ca?oo? nai
ia?aae niaith. Oea ca?o ?icaeai?ii? iniaenoino?, iaeia /anoeia yei?
i?aaia i?ae?aniiai, na?oeiai iaeaoooy (i?eeiaoii oa, ui ea?oeie
uaneeaiai iaeaooiueiai c’yaeythoueny eeoa o i??yo aai o niao), a ?ioa —
?icoi?? naith ae?enio nooue. Oaeeie aa?iyie ? Ai?ae?e ?c iia?no? “Iiaeo”
A.Aieiaea, ssoei ?uaiei — “Caeai? na?oeai” oeueiai ae aaoi?a, Aia?o ?c
“Naiaoi??eii? ciie” I.Oaeeueiaiai, Iaoa?e Oaaaea — “Ea?iaonueea i?/”
I.??/aia.

C?inoa? oaaaa aei ineo?/ieo ?aaeoe?e aa?iy, aaeaea ienueiaiieee
caa?oathoue oaaao ia anioe?aoeaiee oa?aeoa? ethaenueeiai ieneaiiy, aeey
yeiai i?eoaiaii? oaeaeeiieeii? ia?aa?ae, iinoe, ia?aeeioo? a?ae
aaciina?aaei?o niinoa?aaeaiue aei niiaaae?a i?i ia?aaeeoa. Aeey
ineoieia?cio A.Aieiaea, I.?a/aiea, I.Oaeeueiaiai, A.Eineiee, I.??/aia
oa?aeoa?ia ?icaeai?i?noue ? ceeooy na?aeiiiai e i?aena?aeiiiai o
ethaenuee?e ineo?oe?. Ia?aaeath/e ineo?/iee noai ethaeeie, a?oo?eiaaii?
iniaenoino?, aaoi?e nie?athoueny ia na?aeii? e i?aena?aeii? ?iioeuene,
iaoeiaa o?aeooaaiiy yeeo ciaoiaeeii o i?aoeyo ca?oa?aeieo ineoieia?a —
A.Aa?aniia, C.O?ieaea, E.-A.THiaa. ?icaeai?iiy ? ceeooy na?aeiiiai e
i?aena?aeiiiai ciaoiaeeii o iia?noyo “*a?aiiee ?iiai”, “Caeai? na?oeai”
A.Aieiaea, “Inoai Oaioaea” A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, “Aieoa? aoaeiie” I.Iai/a,
“Aa?iii?y” A.Eineiee. ?icaeai?ia ?noai e??e/iiai aa?iy /e ia?aoi?a
iaeiiai?oa ?ice?eaa?oueny /a?ac aioo??oi? iiiieiae, o iianye/anieo
ni?iaao naiiaei?aaaeaiiy.

Nooi aecenoaioe?eia i?iaeaia — i?iaeaia naino aoooy a ?ii?a-n?ii?noe/i?e
iia?no? i?yii iia’ycaia c o?einionueeeie eaoaai??yie aeeooy ? nia?o?,
naiaiaee ? ianaiaiaee. O?einioe-aecenoaioe?ae?noe aaaaeaee, ui iniiaiei
eaoae?caoi?ii ethaenueei? ae??aino? aenooiathoue ethaenuee? a?ae/oooy,
ai naia a?ae/oooy ianiieith, a?ae/ath, caa?ice nia?o? i?eaiaeeoue aei
naiiaiae?co, yeee iiaea caaa?oeoeny aeniiaeii i?i iio?aao
naii?aae?caoe??. Ao?eaiiy oeeo eaoaai??e aa/eii o oai?ao “Iiaeo”
A.Aieiaea, “Aieoa? aoaeiie”, “Aac eice?y” I.Iai/a, “Naiaoi??eia ciia”
I.Oaeeueiaiai.

Aioo??oiy naiaiaea ?iaeea?aea iino?eii ia?aaoaa? i?ae caa?icith
“aianoe-o-?aaeuei?noue” oa ao?aoe aaoaioe/iino? ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy,
ui aaaea aei aioo??oiueiai ?icaeai?iiy oa onai?oiaiiy iniaenoino?.
Eiaeia iniaeno?noue i?aaia naiioiino?, ai oea ciae aeeaiei? ethaenueei?
i?e?iaee, iieac ?? aeooiaiino?, ? naia “eini?/ia naiioi?noue ethaeeie
iaiiaith? ?? uanoyi, ai oa naiioi?noue aea? ?e a?ae/ooe, ui aiia
?ioaa?aeueia, a aiaeii/an ?iaeea?aeoaeueia /anoeia eini?/ieo noa?”
*a?iaiei I. Ieoaeei Eioethaeinueeee — ?ii?an?ii?no: ia?ac ethaeeie o
oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea. — Ithioai: No/ani?noue, 1977. — N.119..

Iia? oiiae aeeooy aeiaaathoue a?ae aa?i?a ii-iiaiio inieneeoe nai?
i?noea o oeueiio noni?euenoa?. Caeeioo? o i?ae/ann?, iieeioo?, naiioi?,
/oae? o iiaiio aeey ieo na?o?, ii?aeueii /e o?ce/ii i?e?a/ai?, aa?i?
aa/aoue aeo?ae ?c neooaoe?? o naiiaoanoa?, — oae cae?i/othoue aeeooy
Oeiiy, Aia?o ?c “Naia-oi??eii? ciie” I.Oaeeueiaiai, Ai?ae?e ?c “Iiaeo”
A.Aieiaea. I?aaia ciaeoe oie?ioai?aiiy a ia?ac? nia?o? e Inoai Oaioaea
?c iaeiieiaiiiai oai?o A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai. ?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iia?noue 20-o
?ie?a iaae?a? iciae o?aa?/iino?, ai nia?oue aenooia? coe?eeoaeai a?ae
aaae aeaniiai aeeooy.

Aeie?aieaiiy ethaeeie c iioieo ?noi???, iieac ?? ineoiaeooiaiiai
na?oini?eeiaiiy naia a iaaiee iiiaio, ia?aaea/a eiaeii? ieo? aeeooy —
iniiaa iiaoeee ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no?.

Iniiaiee oei aa?iy — oea ia?ac naiioiuei?, i?e?a/aii?, caeai? ethaee-ie;
a?i /e ia iaea?eueoa a?aeiia?aeaa nioe?aeuei?e no?oeoo?? na?aaeiaeua,
a?aeae-aaa c?ooaiiy noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?. O oai?ao A.Aieiaea,
I.?a/aiea, I.Iai/a eaoaai??y “caeai? ethaeeie” iiaeaia a iaeeie/i?e
?iinoan?, I.Oae-eueiaee o “Naiaoi??ei?e cii?” aeiaeueiao? oe?eo aaea?ath
caeaeo ethaeae, a/i?aoi?o iaeeeo ai?oe?a ca iiaa aeeooy, a yeiio ?i
oaia? iaia? i?noey. Aa?i? ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? iaiaaathoueny
inieneeoe nai? aeeooy, ciaeoe nai? i?noea o iiaiio na?o?, i?ioa o?aa?/ia
a?ae/oooy iaaaeaaaiii? ieeiiino?, iani?aiaae?iiy aaaeaiiai e ae?eniiai
iia’ycaia c i?iaeaiith c?oeiiaaieo ?ethc?e. Oa “nyeai /a?aiii? c??ee”,
aei yeiai oae i?aaioee aa?i?, o yea a??eee, aeyaeeiny iaaeinyaeiei.
Oain, ?o?ia, noni?euei? eaoaee?cie ni?e/eieee e?ao i??e ethaenueeeo,
ii?iaeeee caeao, /oaeo, iaiio??aio iniaeno?noue, yea naiioiy, ai i?ooi
?? ia ?icoi??, ?? i?aaiaiiy ia ioe?iththoueny. Oae? ethaee caieeathoueny
o nia?, ?niothoue a ?ioiio na?o? ? oae /e ?iaeoa ii?aeueii /e o?ce/ii
i?e?a/ai?. Oe? o?e eaoaai??? — naiioi?noue, iaiio??ai?noue (caea?noue),
i?e?a/ai?noue — neeaaeathoue e?eueoey iaeiiai eaioethaa e nai? ii nia?
ia iiaeooue ?nioaaoe ie?aii. Aecenoaioe?eia eaoaai??y a?ae/oaeaiino?
aeoaea aeecueea ?i-i?an?ii?cio, yeee ia?aeiya ua e o?aa?/i? iiiaioe,
aaeaea ?ii?an?ii?noe/i? ea?oeie o nai?e noo? — na?oe?, niiy/i?, iane/ai?
yne?aaeie eieuei?aie.

Iacaaaeath/e ia ao?aoo ii?aeueieo oe?iiinoae oa aacnainia?noue
?nio-aaiiy, aa?i? iaiaaathoueny ana ae ciaeoe e?ano, a?ae/ooe ?? niae o
caeeaeaii? c i?e?iaeith oa o iaeaiueeeo ?aaeiuao nai?? aacei?eneeaino?.
Ianei?noe ca nai?th iaoo?ith, ianeai? niinoa??aa/?, ui ao?aoeee iaae?th,
ciaa??eeenue o oiai/ani?e ?aaeueiino?, aiie ana ae oaee a??youe, ui
“ianoaia aeaiue, eiee ethaeeia c i?aeiei na?oeai, oe?eeii aecaieeaoenue
a?ae ca?i?, iieaaea na?oia?, ui o?eueee eaa?aei? iane?aeothoue caieth”
?a/aiei I. ?ia?oi? neee: Iiaaee, iiia?aeaiiy, iia?no?, ?iiai. — E.:
Aei?i?i, 1990. — N.418.. Ienueiaiieee-?ii?an?ii?noe noeeythoueny ia?aae
i?e?iaeith o aiaeanoaaiiiio iieeii?, ciaoiaey/e o ?? niiaeyaeaii?
aeooaaio ??aiiaaao.

Caa?iaiiy aei ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-eiie?aoiiai, a ia oeiiaiai aa?iy,
cina?aaeaeaiiy oaaae ia aeeiai?oe? eiai iano?ith, ii/oooyo, ni?eeiaii?
noa? iaeaaaeeea?oith iniaeea?noth i?e cia?aaeaii? oa?aeoa?o eiaeiiai
ia?niiaaea ? eaea a?ae *aoiaa oa Aeiie/aiea.

?ii?an?ii?ci 20-o ?ie?a iieacaa ethaeeio, yea, “iieieaoenue ia “iaae?
aiio”, ooea? naaa, i?aaia c’ynoaaoe naith iaoo ia caie?. A?i c??aaa
ianeo c iaee//y ethaeeie ? iieacaa oa, /iai naia ethaeeia iaa?oue i?i
naaa ia ciaea”, iieacaa, “yea neiiie?eoiaaia, yea aeoaea neeaaeia
ineo?/ia aeeooy ethaeeie”, aaeaea eiai caaaeaiiyi aoei caaeyiooe a
aeeaeio aeoo? ? iieacaoe aioo??oi?e na?o ethaeeie — ?? ae?enio nooue
*a?iaiei I. Ieoaeei Eioethaeinueeee — ?ii?an?ii?no: ia?ac ethaeeie a
oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea. — N.65.

No/anieee A.Aieiaea, I.Oaeeueiaiai, A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, I.?a/aiea,
I.Iai/a, TH.ssiianueeiai, A.Ieoaeee/aiea — I.I?ono, A.Eaith, A.A?eee,
I.Aoeaaeia, ye ? ?o i?aaeoa/? — I.Eioethaeinueeee, A.Noaoaiee, A.*aoia,
A? aea Iiiannai, E.Aainoi, aeeaeeeny ia ethaeeio c oi/ee ci?o nai?o
ia?iae?a ? nai?o na?aaeiaeu. Oae naii iieiae? ieooe? oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e ia?aaaaeio a?eueo?noue nai?o oai /a?iaee c iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?oioo, c aeeooy ia?iaeo oa oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, ia iieiath/e oeo
i?iaeai, aaciina?aaei?ie na?aeeaie yeeo aoee. I?ioa aei anueiai, i?i ui
aiie ienaee, i?aeoiaeeee c ia?niaeoeae noai?i? i?aaaee, ia
?aeaae?coth/e ae?eniino?.

Aeey oe?a?inueei? ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a oa?aeoa?ia
cia?aaeaiiy ?icaeai?ii?, ?aoeaeooth/i?, naiioiuei? iniaenoino?, ui noaei
iniiaith eiioeaioe?? aa?iy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no?:
iieai?ea, oioiaei?noue ? iaoioiaei?noue ooaeiaeiuei? ea?oeie na?oo
(A.Ieoaeee/aiei “Aeaeeoiee ?iiai” ? A.Aieiaei “*a?aiiee ?iiai”;
A.Aieiaei “Iiaeo” e “Inoai Oaioaea” A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai” oa ?io?),
?icaeyiooi aeaye? iieiaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-nai?ioe/iiai e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa,
cae?eniaii oaenoieia?/iee aiae?c oai??a, ie?aneaii ?ioa?oaenooaeueia
iiea oeeo iia?noae.

?ioa?oaenooaeuei? ca’ycee a oe?a?inuee?e ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e i?ic? 20-o
?ie?a caciaee ye?nieo ci?i uiaei i?ice iaae? O?O — OO no. Oae? i?ica?ee,
ye I.?a/aiei, A.Aieiaei, I.Oaeeueiaee, “iiaeeo?eothoue aeai?ia?
no?oeoo?e, iioeae, ia?ace nai?o aaoi?eoaoieo iiia?aaeiee?a (ianaiia?aae
I.Eioethaeinueeiai), ia a?aeeeaeath/e ?oiueiai aeina?aeo, aea e ia
aoaeo/e neooiyieie i?iaeiaaeoaa/aie” Aaa?aa A. Iioeae e aa??aoe?? (?ieue
?ioa?oaenooaeueieo ca’yce?a a oe?a?inuee?e ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e i?ic?) //
Neiai ? /an. — 1996. — ?3. -N.32.. Aiaeii/an aeeneon?y, aca?iiiieai?ea
oaeno?a ia ooaeiaeiueiio ??ai? a ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e i?ic?
i?ney?aaiethoe?eiiai aeanyoee?ooy — cae/ia yaeua.

20-o? ?iee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeeneon?ei?noth, iieai?/i?noth
ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e, ui iieyaaea ia o?eueee a noeeueiaiio /e
?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiio i?ioenoaaeaii?, aea e o aeei?enoaii? eieuei?iai?
neiaie?ee. Iieai?ea iia?noae oeueiai ia??iaeo aoea i?iaeeeoiaaia /anii ?
noeeueiaith ianoi?ni?noth oai??a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Aeeneo?neai?noue, noeeueiaa oa eieuei?iaa
i?ioenoaaeaiiy “*a?aiiiai ?iiaio” A.Aieiaeii “Aeaeeoiiio ?iiaio”
A.Ieoaeee/aiea” eaeaoueny i?i iieai?/ia ni?yioaaiiy oeeo iia?noae.
“Aeaeeoiee ?iiai” noaa ia’?eoii aino?eo ? o?eaaeeo aeeneon?e aeey
e?eoeee 20-o ?ie?a (A.Aaaec?inueeee, I.Aei?ioeaae/, N.?o?aiia, I.Ca?ia,
O.sseoaianueeee), ia a?aei?io a?ae oai?o A.Aieiaea, yeee aoa oi/
iia?aeii, aea iiceoeaii ioe?iaiee e?eoeeith (I.Aeieaiai, I.Aei?ioeaae/,
I.Ca?ia). O iia?no? A.Ieoaeee/aiea aeaii “ai?ioueao aeaio na?o?a a
aniaeo? ineoieia?/ieo ciaaaiue iniae, ui noi?oue ia iaae? aeaio aiio”
Ei?ye A. Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a. Eiiniaeo. — 1931. — N.301.. Oea naia
noino?oueny ? “*a?aiiiai ?iiaio”, aaeaea aiie aoee i?iaeoeoii oai?/iai
ieneaiiy, yea oi?ioaaeiny ia ceai? noie?oue.

?aeaioe/i?noue o ?icoi?ii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae neiaa, yea
iieyaa? a oiio, ui neiai aeeaa ia o?eueee a ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e ieiuei?,
aea e o ?aae?noe/i?e, iaoo?ae?noe/i?e, neiaie?nonuee?e niinoa??aa?ii a
“*a?aiiiio ?iiai?” e o “Aeaeeoiiio ?iiai?”. Oe? iia?no? iiaoaeiaai? c
o?aooaaiiyi i?eioeei?a iiaoe/iiai inieneaiiy ae?eniino?, oiio o ieo
ae?thoue caeiie iiaoe/iiai ? i?iciaiai neiaa, ia?aaoaath/e o o?ni?e
aca?iiae??. Caoiieaiiy ?eoiii, iioya aei ioce/iino? aoa iane?aeeii oiai,
ui iaeaeaa aaoi?e ?icii/eiaee naith oai?/?noue ye iiaoe. Ioce/i?noue
iiia?ae? ?, ye iane?aeie, — caoeiaa i?eano?iaea o oai?ao ?iaeoue ea?oeio
cia?aaeaiiy aeeaiieni?oith, c?ei?oith.

Oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaethaaiiy aac?iaiieo aa?i?a aoea iioe?aiith o 20-o
?ieao, ui, cie?aia, niinoa??aa?ii o iia?noyo A.Aieiaea oa
A.Ieoaeee-/aiea. Aa?ie “*a?aiiiai ?iiaio”, oi/ ? aac?iaiia, i?ioa
?aaeueia iniaen-o?noue, a/eiee yei? ineoieia?/ii aiioeaiaai?: i???,
ia?aaeeaaiiy Oe iathoue i?ae niaith eiie?aoio iaoa??aeueio iniiao —
caaanoe ainiiaea?noai. No/ani? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe? (A.Iaeueiee, A.N?iaea,
A.Iaoa?aiei) aeacothoue, ui aa?ie o “*a?aiiiio ?iiai?” iaeei — c
?iceieioith, ?icaeai?iith ineo?eith, oiio eaea iino?eia ai?ioueaa i?ae
ss-iiia?aea/ai oa Oe-naeyieiii. Ia?acia nenoaia iia?no? A.Ieoaeee/aiea
aeaiiino?o? neeaaeia ia?aieao?iiy ieoeueoieo oa i?oieia?/ieo ?noei
Oiiaiei A. O?einio?y nia?o? o “Aeaeeoiiio ?iiai?” A.Ieoaeee/aiea //
Ca??iee Oa?e?anueeiai ?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa. — 1994. — O.2.
— N.98.. Neiaie?ea “Aeaeeoiiai ?iiaio” coiiaeth? aaeeeo e?euee?noue
aa??aio?a eiai ?ioa?i?aoaoe??. sseui A.Aaaec?inueeee eiaeai ia?ac
oai?o aecia/a? ye iaaiee neiaie: ?ia — Oe?a?ia (e?a?ia), Oe —
oe?a?inueeee ia?iae, ssny — ?aaiethoe?y, *ieia?e — e?aea? /a?aiieo, oi
A.Oiiaiei o?aeoo? eiai c iiaeyaeo o?einionueei? eaoaai??? aeeooy ?
nia?o?. Aacia?a/ii, eiaeai ia?ac oai?o ia? neiaie?/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy,
aea, aacoiiaii, ui a eiaeai c ieo aaoi? aeeaa na?e a?eue ? o?eaiao, a??o
? iaae?th, coiiaeai? o?aa?/ieie iiae?yie iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe?? a
Oe?a?i?. I?ioa ia?ac ?ie neiaie?co? niaith ia o?eueee Oe?a?io (e?a?io),
aea e aaeeeo ethaia, aeaeeoio i??th, aeaaineiaaiiy ethaenueei? e?ane ?
aa?iii??, ? oeae neie?aoe/iee nieaa aeaa iai iaiiaoi?iee ia?ac-neiaie;
a Oe — oea e oe?a?inueeee ia?iae, e o?aa?ci ethaenueei? aeoo?, ui
ii?eaa?oueny aei iaaeinyaeiiai ?aeaaeo. Noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oea eiie?aoi?
ia?ace-neiaiee ie ia iiaeaii, aaeaea aaoi? ia aea? aeey oeueiai /?oeiai
iaoyeo, caeeoath/e iaoii?noue i?ino?? aeey oeoia/aiue.

Neiaie?ea “*a?aiiiai ?iiaio” ia oneeaaeiaia, ye o iia?no?
A.Ieoae-ee/aiea. Ooo o oeaio?? ooaeiaeiuei? nenoaie iinoaaeaii aea?
aioaaii?noe/i? ineoieia?? — ?aaiethoe?iia?a-eieaeoea?noa ?
naeyieia-a?aeiyea; c?inoa? ?ieue nioe?aeueieo i???ioe??a ye o
o?aeooaaii? ineoieia?? ia?niiaae?a, oae ? a cia?aaeaii? i?noey ? /ano
iiae?e.

Iieai?ea, aeeneon?ei?noue oeeo oai??a, aeeeeeaia eieuei?iaei
i?ioenoaaeaiiyi, ciaeoea ae?aaeaiiy ia noeeueiaiio oa aeai?iaiio ??ai?,
cie?aia o o?aeooaaii? ia?ac?a, neiaie?ee, no?oeoo?e.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Aca?iiiieai?ea, aca?iiae?y oa
aca?iia?aeooiaooaaiiy ia?ac?a o oai?ao A.Aieiaea “Iiaeo” oa “Inoai
Oaioaea” A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai” iniiaia oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia
?ioa?oaenooaeueiiio iie? oeeo iia?noae. O?aa?/ia ii?aeueii-iiaooiaa
?icaeai?i?noue aa?iy ?ioa?i?aoo?oueny o iia?no? A.Aieiaea “Iiaeo”. Oeei
oai?ii aaoi? iieai?coaaa ?c iia?noth A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai “Inoai Oaioaea”.
Aei iaaeaaiueiai /ano iiaoooaaea aeoiea i?i oa, ui A.Aieiaei, iaienaaoe
“Iiaeo”, aenooiea “i?ioe iiieeeiaeo iiaeyae?a A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai,
iiea-i?coth/e c oacith inoaiiueiai, i?ae “?icoi — ?aa ii/oooy” Ian?/iee
I., O?ieiaa E. Aiae??e Aieiaei: Oai?/ee oeyo. — E.: Aei?i?i, 1967. —
N.25.. I?ioa no/ani? aeine?aeieee (A.Iaeueiee, A.N?iaea) /ano?oa
aaeathoueny aei c?noaaeaiiy oeeo oai??a c iaoith c’ynoaaoe, yeo
ooieoe?th aeeiiothoue iaei? ? o? ae noeeueia? i?eeiie a iaaeao ??cieo
ooaeiaei?o no?oeoo?. Ni?euei?noue oeeo ienueiaiiee?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui
aiie aaea o ia?oeo nai?o iia?noyo coi?ee caaeeaeoeny o ineo?eo
iniaenoino?, yea aie?nii ooea? naaa, caciath/e a?eueoa ii?acie, i?ae
ia?aiia, aea ia caeeoa? iai??o i?ciaoe aeeaeio nai?? aeoo?, a?ae/ooe
naaa i?aai?/iith /anoeiith aaeeei? nenoaie aoooy.

Iia?noue “Inoai Oaioaea” iiaoaeiaaia ia “iaoa??ae?” ?icaeoi?a aa?iy,
ona?aeiieaiiy naaa ia iaae? aeooiaiiai ? o?ce/iiai. Oey i?iaeaia
?ioa?i?aoo?oueny e o iia?no? “Iiaeo”. A?aie/ia iai?oaeaiiy, aioo??oi?e
eiioe?eo, no?aniaa neooaoe?y ia iaae? ?icaeai?iiy na?aeiiino?
a?aeoai?th? e?eciao neooaoe?th a aeeoo? iniaenoino? (naiiaoanoai Ai?ae?y
oa iaaeeaeaiee aei aiaeaa?eey noai Inoaia).

?ica’ycoth/e aecenoaioe?eio i?iaeaio, A.I?aeiiaeeueiee i?yio? aei
ii?aeiaiiy naiai aa?iy ia c iaoa??aeueiei na?oii, a c aeooiaiei
einiinii, Aaniethoii. Aeey Inoaia oeei Aaniethoii ? aeinyaiaiiy aa?iii??
c? nia?oth. A.Aieiaei iieaco? nia?oue ye inoaoi/iee e?iaoeue o?ce/iiai
aeeooy, ye ca?eueiaiiy “caei?iaiai” noni?euenoaa a?ae “oai?eo”,
iai?aoeacaeaoieo ethaeae, ai “o?ei iai?/ia ? ethaeeia ia i?eiineoue aaea
i?eiio nai?th i?aoeath ei?eno?” *a?iaiei I. Aeni?an?ii?ci o oai?/ino?
Aaneey Noaoaieea. — Ithioai: No/ani?noue, 1989. — N.174.. sseui nia?oue
o “Iiaeo” o?aeoo?oueny ye a?ieia?/iee e?iaoeue i?aai?cio, oi o oai??
A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai oea: 1) e?iaoeue ethaenueeiai aeeooy, 2) e?ia/ia
ia?aaeoiiaa aeey ia?aoiaeo a iiaa aeeooy. Nie?ath/enue ia aecenoaioe?eio
oai??th naino ?nioaaiiy, ethaeeia, aaeath/enue aei naiiaoanoaa, ye
Ai?ae?e, ?ica’yco? aeey naaa ieoaiiy i?i ?nioaaiiy Aaniethoo, oeei naiei
iaiaaath/enue aeiaanoe, “ui a nia?o? a?i a?eueiee, ui eiai nia?oue
aeia?ia?eueia” Aeaioi Ii?en. Nia?oue eae aiciiaeiinoue // Aii?inu
eeoa?aoo?u. — 1994. — ?3. — N.203.. Ia?ac nia?o? o iia?no? “Inoai
Oaioaea” o?aeoo?oueny o oi?i?, aeecuee?e aei oai??? aeni?an?ii?cio,
oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith yeiai ? “a?oae?caoe?y nia?o?”, ui ae?aaea?oueny, c
iaeiiai aieo, ia?iioith ? ianooo?a?noth o?ce/iiai o?ea, a c ?ioiai —
ia?aoiaeii a?ae nia?o? aei aeeooy *a?iaiei I. Aeni?an?ii?ci o oai?/ino?
Aaneey Noaoaieea. — Ithioai: No/ani?noue, 1989. — N.154..

Ia?ac Ai?ae?y i?ioenoaaeaiee ia?aco Inoaia Oaioaee. A?aeoai?aiith
aioo??oiueiai noaio aa?i?a i?aeii?yaeeiaaii e nooi ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?
ooaeiaei? caniae: na?oeio?iue, eie??, a?a?aoe?th. Aieiaei aeei?enoiao?
na?oe? oiie o nai?o oai?ao (o “Iiaeo” na?oini?eeiaiiy i?iiecaia
niioeai), a o I?aeiiaeeueiiai an? oeaio?aeuei? iiae?? a?aeaoaathoueny
i?e oaiiiio ina?oeaii? aai aii/?, ui noia?a/eoue ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e
iaia?? e iaaea? iia?no? aeayei? oa?iie/ino?.

Iaeaeaa aa?i? — Ai?ae?e oa Inoai — naiioi?, aioo??oiuei ceaiai?, ai
aeeaooue o noni?euenoa?, aea iaio? iaaecia/ai?noue, oain, eaea
ia?ainieneaiiy ii?aeueieo oe?iiinoae. I?ioa oaaaa aei aioo??oiueiai
na?oo i?inoi? ethaeeie, ?yaeiaiai o/anieea noni?eueieo iio?yn?iue, yea
nyaa? ei??iiyi oai?/ino? I.Eioethaeinueeiai, A.Noaoaieea ?
ia?ainieneth?oueny /a?ac ?a?iiaenueeo e?oa?aoo?o, caeeaeo? ia?ac Ai?ae?y
c e??e/ieie ia?acaie ?ii?an?ii?no?a, a ia?ac Inoaia Oaioaee iaaaaeo?
aa?iy A.Oi?oeea?a, O.Eaoee.

Oai?/ee aeina?ae ooaeiaeiee?a-?ii?an?ii?no?a, ia?aianaiee o e?oa?aoo?o,
i?iyaeany o oai?ao A.Aieiaea ? A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai o /oo-eeaino? aei a?e
eieuei??a ? o?iae, o ai?ii? noai?eoe ia?ac “iethaeiaii?” i?e?iaee, o
ia?aaea/? eiie?aoii /ooo?aiai ia?aco, eiai aioo??oiueiai na?oo, o
o?enaoe?? iano?eeeo, ?aioiai iaieeaath/eo ? a?aeieeaath/eo aiioe?e, ui
eiiiiceoe?eii ioi?ieeinue o aeaeyae? o?aaiaioa?ieo, ane?cieo
caiaeueiaie, eiaeia c yeeo caeeoa? ca niaith i?aai ia naiino?eia
?nioaaiiy.

“Iiaeo” oa “Inoai Oaioaea” oe?eaa? c iiaeyaeo ?ica’ycaiiy naino aoooy
ethaeeie, ?? i?aaiaiue oa aeooiaieo iiaeeeainoae. A?aeoai?aiith
ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo, ciaethaaiith aioo??oiueiai aeeooy aa?i?a, ?o aeoiie
? ia?aaeeaaiue a iniaeno?e e?ecia?e neooaoe?? aeiiiiaaathoue
aca?iiiieai?ea, aca?iiae?y ? aca?iia?aeooiaooaaiiy ia?ac?a ? neiaie?a,
oeeoaoe??, eiiioaoe??, aethc?? oiui.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo “?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiy
aca?ii-iieai?ea iia?noae 20-o ?ie?a” aeine?aeaeo?oueny ?ii?an?ii?noe/ia
iiaoeea oaeno?a, ui ciaeoea nai? aeyaeaiiy o oai?ao ienueiaiiee?a
iieiaei? aaia-?aoe?? i?neyaeiaoiaaiai ia??iaeo. Aiia iieyaa? o ?aoaeueii
ae?a?aieo ci?iaeo a?aaeaiiyo, a?aeo?ieao, aa?aao, anioe?aoe?yo ?
nie?a?oueny ia eaeii?/ia e iica?/ia cia?aaeaiiy nai???aeieo aeaoaeae,
ye? coiiaeai? aaciina?aaei?ie e iiiaioaeueieie a?aaeaiiyie a?ae
ae?eniino? oa ?ioa?oaenooaeueieie ca’yceaie.

?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea ?icoe?th? nai? ?aiee o ieai? iineeaiue,
oeeooaaiiy, eiiioaoe?e, iane?aeoaaiiy iiia?aaeiee?a oa no/aniee?a ia
o?eueee ia noeeueiaiio oa naiaioe/iiio ??aiyo, aea e
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiueiio. Cie?a-ia, aeena?oaioea cina?aaeaeo? oaaao ia
?aeaeii-oaiaoe/i?e nii??aeiaiino? iia?no? TH.ssiianueeiai “Aaeai?iae” oa
iiaaee I.Oaeeueiaiai “Nei?e eenoi-iaae”. Aiaeii/an i?iaeaia o?aa?/ii?
naiioiino? ethaeeie ia a?ei? ciaeoea nai? ao?eaiiy o iia?no? I.??/aia
“Ea?iaonueea i?/” oa “Aiaiiue” A.Aa?athna. Aeaco?oueny ia
eaeaeaeineii?/ia iaoa?oaaiiy nthaeaoo iia?noae I.Iai/a “Aac eice?y” oa
aaea caaaeaiiai oai?o A.Aa?athna, a oaeiae nii??aeiai?noue oe?a?inueei?
?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? c ?a?iiaenueeith i?icith aeiae. O aeena?oaoe??
aiae?co?oueny iia?noue-iiaia I.Oo?yinueeiai “Iica iaaeaie aieth”, ui ?
ia?oith ni?iaith a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? aee?eooy aioeaoiaiiino?,
aacaeocaeino? na?oiai? o?aaaae??, yeith aoea ia?oa na?oiaa a?eia.

Oe?a?inueea ?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iia?noue cana?ae/eea i?i iaaecae/aeia
aaaaonoai ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo, ui aeinyaa?oueny ia?aaoeii nthaeaoieo
iioea?a, ca’yceo oaeno?a, aca?iiiieai?eith. ?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea
iia?noae 20-o ?ie?a, ?icaaeoaeaia n?oea ia?aeaeae oa aioeoac,
oioiaeiino? e iaoioiaeiino? na?oo, ?icoe?th? ?? ea?oeio iioeaaie e
ia?acaie, oi/eith ci?o aa?iy e iiia?aea/a, neiaieaie e
ia?acaie-?ii?an?yie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “No?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y oaeno?a: ieth?ae?ci
i?aai?/iino?, ia?aaeeaia iaiaeiicia/iino? e nii??aeiaiino?”
?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iia?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oe?e?nia ooaeiaeiy
no?oeoo?a, ui i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny ?aeeiiio ooaeiaeiueiio iaaecaaaeaiith
ia iaaieo eiai ??aiyo: “?aeaeii-oe?ii?niiio, i?inoi?iai-/aniaiio ?
aeania iiaiiio (o?acaieia?/iiio)” (A.Aaa?aa).

E?oa?aoo?iee oa?? ? ia?aaeon?i “oaenoii, aeneiaethaaiiyi, yea
cae??i-eaia o ciaeia?e nenoai? i?e?iaeii? iiae” A?ii’ye ?. Aeaai? ?
no/ania. — Oa?iii?eue: E?eay, 1997. — N.34., oiio oaeno ni?eeia?oueny
/eoa/ai /a?ac iiao, yea “ia?iaeaeo? oaeno” (TH.Eioiai) oa ooaeiaei?e
ia?ac. sseui e?oa?aoo?iee oa?? — oea “ia?ac na?oo, ae?aaeaiee a neia?”
(A.Ianoa?-iae), oi naia ia oe?e?nia ni?eeiaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo oai?o
ni?yiiaai? aiae?c oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y.

?ii?an?ii?noe, cia?aaeath/e i?aaeiaoe, ?aae?? iaaeieeoiuei? ae?eniino?,
iaiaaaeeny aeeeeeaoe o /eoa/a /e aeyaea/a oae? ae a?aaeaiiy, a?ae/oooy,
ui aeieeathoue o ieo i?e niinoa?aaeaii? ea?oei na?oo. O 20-o? ?iee
ienueiaiieee aeey nai?o oai??a uaae?i /a?iaee iaoa??ae c aino?i
nioe?aeueieo eiioe?eo?a oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, aea oiae?oi?
o?aeooaaiiy oai??a e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyie ia caaaeaee aoei iaeeiaeiaei,
/ano?oa oea aoee ia iaoeia? ?ica?aeee, a aiioe?eii iane/ai? noaoo?, a
yeeo aai aeoaaeyee, aai iauaaeii e?eoeeoaaee oie /e ?ioee oa??.

Oe?a?inueea iia?noue 20-o ?ie?a — caeaa?eueoiai i?iaeaiiee,
aaaaoiiea-iiaee oa??. Iiooee oaei? no?oeoo?e oai?o, yea a a?aaeaea
i?ea?iaeuei?noth i?iaeaiaoeee, noeeth oa nthaeaoo i?eaaee aei caaaa/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo caeiaooe?a o aeai?? iia?no?. Iniaeea?noue ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii?
iia?no?, yeith caoiiethaaeeny iieiae? i?ica?ee 20-o ?ie?a,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny yne?aai ae?aaeaiith aaaaoia?aii?noth aeai?iai?
niaoeeo?ee: e??e/i?noue, ineoieia?ci, niia?aeue, o?aneiaa eiiiiceoe?y,
iiaae?noe/ia e?ioe?aea.

Iniiao iiaoaeiae ?ii?an?ii?noe/iiai oai?o noaiiaeoue ia anoaoeea /e
?icaeoie iiae?e, ia nthaeao, a “i?aai?caoe?y e??e/ieo eiiiiiaio?a —
aiioe?e ? a?aaeaiue” Eanee A. Eiiiiceoe?y ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. — E.:
Aei?i?i, 1972. — N.35.. A?o?oaeoii?ea iia?noae oai?eeanue ia oeo aea
canaaeao, ui e iiaaee /e iiia?aeaiiy, a yeeo iniiaia oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia
ia ia?aa?ao aioo??oi?o ia?aaeeaaiue aa?iy, ui aea? ciiao aiai?eoe i?i
e?eueoeaao oa iica?/io no?oeoo?o oeeo oai??a. Noeoii?noue e?eueoeaai? oa
iica?/ii? iiaoaeiae ni?e/eieea ii?aeiaiiy a iiia?aei?e iaia?? ienueia
ai?/iiai, e??e/iiai oa ae?aiaoe/iiai ia/ae.

O iia?no? oeueiai noeeth ?icoe?th?oueny o?iiioii, oae?acith?oueny
ea?oeia a?aeia?aaeaiiy, nueiaiaeaiia ieoue ia?a?eaa?oueny ae?aieaiiyie
ieioeiai oa iaeaooiueiai: niiaaaeaie, iaieeaaie, ia?aiiyie, ?icaeoiaie,
i??yie. *aniai-i?inoi?iaa i?aai?caoe?y oai?o caeeaaea? ooiaeaiaio aeey
nthaeaoo oa eiiiiceoe??. Ii?yae ?c ooeaiiyi iiaeo oi?iici?noiaeo
eiiiiiaio?a aa/eii, ui “nthaeaoi?noue o noa??e ?? eiioeaioe?? i?ioeaia”
A?eaoeueeee I. A ooeaiiyo iiai? iia?noy?nueei? oi?ie // Oeyoe
ienoaoeoaa. — 1923. — ?5. — N. 61..

?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iia?noue — nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eii “ianeiiiiii-aaiee”
oa??, ai aecia/eoe iniiai? aeaiaioe ?? ioi?ieaiiy o o?aaeeoe?eiiio
cia/aii? iaeaea iaiiaeeeai. ?? no?oeoo?a iaaaaeo? o?aneo.

Ooaeiaeiy no?oeoo?a ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a iaae?a? iiaeo
ye?nieo ci?i: “iio?e na?aeiiino?” o?ainoi?io?oueny ?iiae? o
uiaeaiieeia? caiene, ? naia oeth oi?io aeei?enoiao? I.Oaeeueiaee o
“Naiaoi??ei?e cii?”, I.?a/aiei o iia?no? “O niiy/i?i eie?”. Nai???aeiei
iaee?iaaiiyi iniaenoino?, iia?noth-niia?aeaeth ? oa?? I.??/aia
“Ea?iaonueea i?/”.

?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iaia?a ienueia (“?oaaia” i?ica, ye ?? iaceaaee e?eoeee
20-o ??.) aeiaaa? aeoea?caoe?? aioo??oiueiai ieneaiiy aa?iy, yea
ia?aaea?oueny o?ea/anoi, “o?aneiai”, o oi?i? aioo??oiueiai iiiieiao, o
yeiio ni?a?niothoue iiceoe?? aaoi?a ? ia?niiaaea (a?aiue i?ae iiaeaiiyi
iiia?aea/a ? iaaeania i?yiith iiaith ia?niiaae?a iaeaea cian?i ?icieoa,
ai ia??aeei iiia?aeue aaaeaoueny a?ae ia?oi? iniae aai noi?iiueiai
niinoa??aa/a). O ca’yceo c oeei a?ae/ooia iaeeaaeaiiy a
?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e iia?no? neiaa aaoi?a ia neiai aa?iy. Caio?aiiy o
i?aena?aeiia aeeooy ethaeeie iia’yco? ienueiaiiee?a-?ii?an?ii?no?a c
oi?iith “iioieo na?aeiiino?”, yeith caoiiethaaeeny ieooe? na?oiaiai
??aiy. Iaenoa?i?noue o aeei?enoaii? o?ea/anoino? aeoiee, anioe?aoe??
cia?aiaaiiai aa?iy, yeee ia?aaoaa? o noai? ineo?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy,
aeinyaa?oueny caaaeyee o.c. “?oaai?e o?ac?”. I?yieo ao?o/aiue
aaoi?nueeiai neiaa o oaeno ie iaeaea ia aa/eii, i?ioa iiaa iaeo?aeueiiai
iiia?aea/a ia?aaeaia c oi/ee ci?o aa?iy, eiai neiaa, o?acaieia??.

O iia?noyo e?ioey 20-o ?ie?a ii?yae ?c ?ii?an?ii?noe/iith
?iceaae?ia?noth iai?oeeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei nthaeaoiino?, aei
o?iiieia?/ii? iine?aeiaiino?, ai?/iino?, ui aeeeeeaia iaaiei a?aeoiaeii
a?ae e??e/iino? (iiac?? a i?ic?). No?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y
?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? aoaeo?oueny ia iane??cieo iioeaao,
eiiiiceoe?eieo aeaiaioao — iaecaaeao, e??e/ieo a?aenooiao,
ooieoe?iiaeuei?e ?ie? aeaoae?, eaeoiioeao, ooaeiaeiueiai neiaa, eoo?
ci?o iiia?aea/a ? ia?niiaaea, e?eueeio ia?niiaae?a oiui.

?ii?an?ii?noe/ia, e??e/ia iia?noue aeii?io? ia e?oa?aoo?iiio ie?ii?
na?aae “aaeeeeo ai?/ieo oai??a” 20-o ?ie?a. A?o?oaeoii?ea oeueiai oeio
ae?aaea?oueny a aii?oiino? nthaeaoo, aeia?eueiino?, o?ea/anoino?. Aeey
ia? oa?aeoa?ia iia?eueia, iinooiiaa cia?aaeaiiy iiae?e, ye? aeineoue
/anoi ia?a?eaathoueny niiaaaeaie, ?icaeoiaie, i??yie, a?c?yie. Iniiaia
oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia ae?aaeaii? ii/ooo?a, ia?aaeeaaiue, aiioe?e
aieiaiiai aa?iy /e ia?aoi?a, ui aeinyaa?oueny caaaeyee aioo??oi?i
iiiieiaai, iaaeania i?yi?e iia?. O ooaeiaei?e ea?oei? na?oo aaaeeeaei ?
niin?a ieneaiiy ia?niiaae?a, ?o iaia?a ?iciiae, ceeooy neiaa aaoi?a c?
neiaii aa?iy. E??e/i? ae?aieaiiy, ui ? a iaaiiio cia/aii? ia’?aeioth/ei
aeaiaioii, iaaeathoue iia?no? i?aeianaiiai, aiioe?eiiai cao/aiiy.

AEai?iaa nai???aei?noue ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? aecia/a?oueny oe?eei
niaeo?ii — oea ? ineoieia?/ia, e??e/ia iia?noue, iia?noue-niiaaae,
iia?noue-uiaeaiiee, iia?noue-iiaia, “oa?? o oai??”, iaa?ae’?iiei
aeaiaioii yeeo ? oi?ia “iioieo na?aeiiino?”.

O Aeniiaeao i?aenoiiaaii e ocaaaeueiaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe??. Aea/aiiy ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo oa aeai?iai? no?oeoo?e
?ii?a-n?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a cana?ae/o? ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie
iieiaei? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, yea, nie?ath/enue ia /eiae? caeiaooee
na?oiaiai ienoaoeoaa oa iaoe?iiaeueio ooaeiaeith o?aaeeoe?th, ?icoe?th?
?aeaeii-oaiaoe/i? ia???, ianooaae ii?ooaieo i?iaeai, a oaeiae caaaa/o?
noeeueiaee ae?aiacii oe?a?inueei? i?ice. Iieiae? ieooe? oeueiai ia??iaeo
— A.Ieoaeee/aiei, A.I?aeiiaeeueiee, A.Aieiaei, I.?a/aiei, I.??/ai,
A.Eineiea, I.Oaeeueiaee, I.Iai/, TH.ssiianueeee, I.Oo?yinueeee —
i?iaieioothoue ? ooaa?aeaeothoue iia? i?aeoiaee aei ciaethaaiiy
ethaeeie, ?? aeeooy, i?iaeai noni?euenoaa. Ooaeiaei?e na?o oe?a?inueei?
?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? caaaaoeany iiaeie ia?acaie, iiaoe/iei
iiaeaiiyi, ea?oeiaie cia?aaeaiiy. A?i iinoaaaa ia o?eueee nayoeiaei,
aa?aenoei, aea e ?icao?oaiei, o?eaiaeiei, ae?aiaoe/iei. Ao?a/aeiny
a?ae/oooy aa?iii?eiino?, e?ane, oi/a ienueiaiieee iaiaaaeeny iiaa?iooe
ethaeei? ethaenueea, aeiiiiiaoe i?ciaoe naio naaa. Aeey iiaiioe
?ice?eooy aioo??oi?o ?iioeuen?a ?ii?an?ii?noe aaeathoueny aei i?eioeeio
naiiae?aaeaiiy ? naiiniinoa?aaeaiiy aa?iy iaae nai?i aeooiaiei aeeooyi.
Aaaeeeao no?oeoo?io ?ieue i?e oeueiio a?ae?a?a? ia ai?/ia ?iciia?aeue,
ye oea aoei a ?aae?noe/iiio oai??, a aioo??oi?e iiiieia, oi?ie “iioieo
na?aeiiino?”, oe?eaa? aa??aioe iaaeania i?yii? iiae.

Iia?noue 20-o ?ie?a, ?ii?an?ii?noe/ia cie?aia, iinoa? ye oe?e?nia oi?ia
e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o, eiie?aoiee oei ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e, ye iniaeeaee
i?eioeei ooaeiaeiueiai aa/aiiy na?oo. Nie?ath/enue ia o?aaeeoe??
oe?a?inueei? oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? e?oa?aoo?,
ienueiaiieee-?ii?an?ii?noe ciaoiaeeee iia? nthaeaoi? e?i?? e oi?ie
eiioeaio?aoe?? eiioe?eo?a oa ae?aiaoe/ieo eie?c?e, ?icoe?thaaee
aeai?ioai?/? ?aiee iia?no?, iiiiaithth/e no?oeoo?o iiaeie ??ciiaeaeaie,
oai?y/e e??e/io e iieniao iia?noue, iia?noue-niia?aeue ?
iia?noue-uiaeaiiee, iia?noue-iiaio, iiaae?noe/io ? ineoieia?/io. sse
aeai?ioai?/ee iiaioa??, ?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iia?noue, inoaoi/ii noi?ioaaaoe
nai? no?oeoo?i? ?ene, ii/eiath/e c na?aaeeie ae?oaiai aeanyoee?ooy,
noaea iniiaith aeey ooaeiaei?o ooeaiue ieooe?a o aeai?? ineoieia?/iiai
?iiaio.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. AEo?aa N. Iniaeeaino? ooaeiaeiueiai ao?eaiiy iioeao oaiaoe/ii? a??e
? ao?a/aieo ?ethc?e a ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e i?ic? (ia iaoa??ae? iia?noae
A.Aieiaea, I.Iai/a, I.?a/aiea) // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. —
Oa?iii?eue, 1997. — Aei.1. — N.65 — 73 (0,3 ae?oe. a?e.).

2. AEo?aa N. Ineoieia?ci ye aeii?iaioa iiaoeee iia?no? Aaea?‘yia
I?aeiiaeeueiiai “Inoai Oaioaea” // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. —
Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — Aei.2. — N. 75 — 82 (0,3 ae?oe. a?e.).

3. AEo?aa N. “I?ciaoe i?aaaeo aeeooy” (?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea iia?no?
I.??/aia “Ea?iaonueea i?/”) // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaa-iiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Aiaothea. Na??y:
E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. — Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — Aei.3. – N.136 – 140 ( 0,6
ae?oe. a?e.).

4. AEo?aa N. ?aeay naino aoooy ethaeeie a oe?a?inuee?e
?ii?an?ii?noe/i?e iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a // Oe?a?inueea iaoea: ieioea,
no/ania, iaeaooi?. — Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — N.113 — 116 (0,2 ae?oe. a?e.)..

5. AEo?aa N. “A?i aoa i?aeiei e??eeii” // Ina?oyiei. — 1996. —
?8-9-10.- N.44. (Aia?oa iioae?eiaaii aothae I.?a/aiea “?aeei?e (Eaeeiia?
o?iie)”) (0,1 ae?oe. a?e.).

6. AEo?aa N. Iiaoeea ?ii?an?ii?cio o iiaae? “Nia?oiee ni?a” I.?a/aiea
// Iaoeiaee a?niee ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. — Oa?iii?eue, 1996. — N.292 — 295
(0,2 ae?oe. a?e.).

7. AEo?aa N. Aeooiai?noue oa aeai?iai-noeeueia? iniaeeaino? iia?no?
I.?a/aiea “Ai??ee noaie” // Eoeueoo?a — Aeooiai?noue — Ienoaoeoai.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — E., 1995. — N. 171 – 179 (0,3 ae?oe.
a?e.).

Aeiaeaoeia? ioae?eaoe??:

1. AEo?aa N. Ia?ac A?eai??y Neiai?iaee o iia?no? I.?a/aiea “Iaii?i?
aei?” // O?einionueea, iaaeaaia?/ia oa e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea niaaeueia
A.N.Neiai?iaee ? no/ani?noue. Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueeeo i?aeaoc?anueeeo
neiai?iaeeinueeeo /eoaiue. — E?eaee ??a, 1994. — N. 117 – 118 (0,1
ae?oe.a?e.).

AIIOAOe?ss

AEo?aa N.N. Ooaeiaei?e na?o oe?a?inueei? ?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? 20-o
?ie?a OO no. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea
e?oa?aoo?a. — ?inoeooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo oe?a?inueei?
?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? iia?no? 20-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy. Aieiaio oaaao
i?eae?eaii aeai?ioai?/ei iiooeai ieooe?a, ?ioa?oaenooaeueiino? oa
aioo??oi?e aeeneon?eiino?, e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iio aiae?co oai??a A.Aieiaea,
I.?a/aiea, I.??/aia, A.Eineiee, A.Ieoaeee/aiea, A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai,
I.Oo?yinueeiai, TH.ssiianueeiai. Iia?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oe?e?nia
no?oeoo?a a ieai? aea/aiiy aeii?ioth/eo iciae ?? iiaoeee, eiioeaioe??
aa?iy, no?oeoo?e oaenoo (nthaeao, eiiiiceoe?y, eiioe?eo,
/aniai-i?inoi?ia? eii?aeeiaoe).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iia?noue, ooaeiaei?e na?o, eiioeaioe?y
aa?iy, ?icaeai?i?noue, aecenoaioe?ei? iioeae, ?ioa?oaenooaeueia iiea,
no?oeoo?a.

AIIIOAOeEss

AEo?aa N.N. Ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ie? oe?aeineie eii?anneiienoe/aneie iiaanoe
20-o aiaeia OO a. — ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie
eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01 —
oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. — Einoeooo eeoa?aoo?u ei. O.A.Oaa/aiei IAI
Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ie?a
oe?aeineie eii?anneiienoe/aneie iiaanoe 20-o aiaeia OO aaea. Iniaia
aieiaiea oaeaeyaony aeai?iaui eneaieyi ienaoaeae, eioa?oaenooaeueiinoe e
aioo?aiiae aeeneonneeiinoe, eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneiio aiaeeco ni/eiaiee
A.Aieiaei, I.Ea/aiei, I.E?/aia, A.Einuiee, A.Ieoaeee/aiea,
A.Ieaeiiaeeueiiai, I.Oo?yineiai, I.Oaeeaaiai, TH.ssiianeiai. Iiaanoue
?anniao?eaaaony eae oeaeinoiay no?oeoo?a a ieaia eco/aiey aeiieie?othueo
i?eciaeia aa iiyoeee, eiioeaioeee aa?iy, no?oeoo?u oaenoa (nthaeao,
eiiiiceoeey, eiioeeeo, a?aiaiii-i?ino?ainoaaiiua eii?aeeiaou).

Aiaeec ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ie?a e aeai?iaie no?oeoo?u eii?anneiienoe/aneie
iiaanoe 20-o aiaeia a enneaaeiaaiee naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iiaii yoaia
?acaeoey iieiaeie oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u, eioi?ay, eniieuecoy
aeinoeaeaiey ie?iaiai eneonnoaa e iaoeeiiaeueiua ooaeiaeanoaai-iua
o?aaeeoeee, ?anoe?yao eaeaeii-oaiaoe/aneea ai?eciiou, iaiaauaao noeeaaie
aeeaiacii. Ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ie? iiaanoe yoiai noeey iaiieieeny iiauie
eeoa?aoo?iuie ia?acaie, iiyoe/aneie ?a/ueth, ea?oeiaie ecia?aaeaiey e
i?aaenoae ia noieueei i?acaeie/iui, y?eei, ii e o?aaiaeiui,
?aca?inaiiui. Enneaaeiaaoaeue oeacuaaao ia eciaiaiey a eiioeaioeee aa?iy
ioiineoaeueii i?icu ?oaaaea aaeia. Ecia?aaeaiea aa?iy iaeeiieiai, n
?aneieioie, ?acaeaiaiiie ineoeeie, ia?aeii a aeooa eioi?iai i?ienoiaeeo
a nayce n aioo?aiiae aeenaa?iiieae e eciaiaieyie a ie?oaeathuae n?aaea,
a eii?anneiienoe/aneie iiaanoe iiaeai ai anai aeai?iaii ?aciiia?acee.

Aaaeiue aeoeaio aeenna?oaioea aeaeaao ia enneaaeiaaiea
eioa?oaenooaeueiiai iiey oe?aeineie eii?anneiienoe/aneie iiaanoe,
acaeiiiieaieeo, aeeneonneeiinoue ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ea?oeiu a iiaanoyo
A.Aieiaei “*a?aiiue ?iiai” e E.Ieoaeee/aiei “Aeaeeoiue ?iiai”;
acaeiiaeaenoaea e acaeiiiooaeeeaaiea ia?acia a “Iiaeo” A.Aieiaei e
“Inoai Oaioaea” A.Ieaeiiaeeueiiai e ae?oaeo, /oi aeaei aiciiaeiinoue
ii?aaeaeeoue aeai?iaoth i?e?iaeo ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo oaenoia.

Eii?anneiienoe/aneay iiaanoue 20-o aiaeia ?anniao?eaaaony eae oeaeinoiay
oi?ia eeoa?aoo?iiai i?iecaaaeaiey, eae eiie?aoiue oei ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
no?oeoo?u, eae iniaaiiue i?eioeei ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ecia?aaeaiey ie?a.
I?iaeieaeay o?aaeeoeee oe?aeineie e caiaaeiiaa?iiae-neie eeoa?aoo?,
ienaoaee-eii?anneiienou 20-o aiaeia iaoiaeeee iiaua nthaeaou e oi?iu
eiioeaio?aoeee eiioeeeoia e ae?aiaoe/aneeo eieeecee.
Eii?anneiienoe/aneay iiaanoue a yoio ia?eiae, ?anoe?yy aeai?iaua ?aiee,
iaiaauaao naith no?oeoo?o iiauie ?aciiaeaeiinoyie: ee?e/aneie,
iienaoaeueiie, iiaaeeenoe/aneie, iiaanoueth-iiyiie,
iiaanoueth-eniiaaaeueth, iiaanoueth-aeiaaieeii.

N iiiiuueth aiaeeca niaea?aeaiey e no?oeoo?iuo iniaaiiinoae enneaaeoaony
ynoaoe/aneee oaiiiai eii?anneiienoe/aneie iiaanoe, aa aeai?iaua aeaeu.
No?oeoo?iay i?aaiecaoeey iiaanoe, aa o?iiioii, iiyoeea ia??aoeee, ?aciuo
oaeia c?aiey — ia??aoi?a, ia?niiaaea, ii?aaeaeyao eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue
ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ienueia i?icaeeia.

I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea iao/iie ?aaiou a oii, /oi aa iaoa?eaeu iiaoo auoue
eniieueciaaiu aeey aeaeueiaeoaai enneaaeiaaiey oe?aeineie iiaanoe, a
eaeoeeyo e niaoeeo?nao aeey nooaeaioia oaeoeueoaoa oe?aeineie oeeieiaee,
a oaeaea i?e eco/aiee oai?/anoaa ienaoaeae-eii?anneiienoia 20-o aiaeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eii?anneiienoe/aneay iiaanoue, ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ie?,
eiioeaioeey aa?iy, ?acaeaiaiea, yecenoaioeeaeueiua iioeau,
eioa?oaenooaeueiia iiea, no?oeoo?a.

SUMMARY

Zshurba S. Artistic world of Ukrainian impressionist story of the 20s of
XX th century. — Manuscript. Dissertation for awarding candidate degree
of philological sciences on speciality 10.01.01 — Ukrainian literature.
— Shevchenko instiitute of literature NAC of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the investigation of artistic world of
Ukrainian impressionist narrative of the 20‘s of OO th century. The
main attention is concentrated on the genre search of writers, the
problem of inter text, inner discousse and literary analysis of artistic
works of A.Holovko, M.Ivchenko, M.Irchan, G.Kosynka, H.Mychailychenko,
V.Pidmohylny, O.Turiansky, M.Hvylovy, U.Janovsky. Story is observed as
an integrate structure according to the dominating features of its
poetics, character conception and text construction (plot, composition,
conflict, time and space coordinates).

Key words: impressionist story, artistic world, character conception,
bifurcation, inter text, existential motifs, structure.

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