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I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

Iia/ Ieaa Aiae??eiae/

OAeE 616.33-002.44-06-001.5-005.1-0.89

O??o?a?/ia oaeoeea i?e ae?aceia?e oai?ia?,

oneeaaeiai?e iaeii/anii ia?oi?aoe??th oa e?iaioa/ath

14.01.03 – o??o?a?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.
Aiaiiieueoey.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Oii?i Iao?i
Aeieo?iae/ ,

eaoaae?a oaeoeueoaonueei?
o??o?a?? ?2 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iioithe TH??e Ieeieaeiae/,
eaoaae?a oaeoeueoaonueei? o??o?a?? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, i?ioani?;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iai/e/ Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
eaoaae?a o??o?a?? c eo?nii oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii?
o??o?a?? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?iai?
I.E.Ooieea, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ee?i?/ii? ? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie (a?aeae?e o??o?a?? o?aaiiai o?aeoo), i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 21 o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Ae 26.003.03 i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (252 004, i. Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 13).

?c aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (252 057,
i.Ee?a, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 12 ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/eo iaoe, aeioeaio
A?oianueeee ss.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ieoaiiyi o??o?a?/ii? oaeoeee, aeai?o iioeiaeueieo
iaoiae?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy i?e ia?oi?aoeaieo oa aino?ie?iaioi/eaeo
aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueieo ae?aceao i?enay/aia aaeeea e?euee?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue ye o iao?e e?a?i?, oae ? ca ei?aeiiii (A.A.Oaeeiia e
ae?., 1987; A.Ae.A?aoonue, 1991; I.E.Ooo/aiei e ae?., 1995; A.E.Iai/e/ e
ae?., 1996; A.I.Ei?ioeee oa ni?aaao., 1996; A.O.Naaiei e ae?., 1996;
I.Ae.Oiiei e ae?., 1996; O.B.Bulut et al., 1996; M.K.Yii, P.S.Hunt,
1996; I.I.Ao?ei, E.A.Eiaoiia, 1997; E.E.Caoaaaoei e ae?., 1997;
?.ss.Aecthaaiianueeee oa ni?aaao., 1998; A.I.Eeeiaiei e ae?., 1998;
I.I.Eocei, I.I.E?ueia, 1999; A.N.Iiiaeia, A.A.Niaaei, 1999).

?acii ?c oei, ii?aeiaiiyi ae?aceiaeo e?iaioa/ ?c ia?oi?aoe??th
iaeii/anii, a no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? iaeaea ia
i?eae?ey?oueny iaeaaeii? oaaae, oi/a /anoioa aeieeiaiiy ia?oi?aoeaeo
aino?ie?iaioi/eaeo aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueieo ae?acie (IAAAeA) neeaaea? 0,9 –
20% ii a?aeiioaiith aei caaaeueii? e?eueeino? oai?eo ?c ia?oi?aoeaieie
(A.E.Eaieinean, 1985; K.S.Dasmahapatra et al., 1988; A.Ae.A?aoonue,
1991; I.Ae.Oiiei e ae?., 1996; A.A.Eo?uaei e ae?., 1997) oa 0,05-9,9% –
?c aino?ie?iaioi/eaeie aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueieie ae?aceaie (AAAeA)
(K.S.Dasmahapatra et al., 1988; A.I.Ia?iyeia, Ae.A.Ieeiaaieei, 1989).
?nioth/? iaaaaaoi/eneaii? ioae?eaoe?? ii i?iaeai? IAAAeA aacothoueny, ye
i?aaeei, ia iaaaeee?e e?eueeino? ee?i?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ? na?ae/aoue
i?i cia/i? o?oaeiiu? a nai?/ani?e ae?aaiinoeoe? aeaii? iaoieia??, ui ?
i?e/eiith aaeeei?, aei o 100% iia?iaaieo, e?eueeino? i?neyiia?aoe?eieo
(i/i) oneeaaeiaiue (A.E.Aeoaeaiei e ae?., 1983;
A.I.Iiaeiiaiei-Aiaaeaiiaa, I.I.Eeoiaeae, 1985) oa aeniei?, a?ae 34,4 aei
80%, i/i eaoaeueiino? (A.E.Eaieinean, 1985; E.E.Iaeia?e, 1988;
K.S.Dasmahapatra et al., 1988; A.I.Ia?iyeia, Ae.A.Ieeiaaieei, 1989).
Ca?aene, i?iaeaia IAAAeA aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aeey iie?auaiiy
ye nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee, oae ? aeai?o iioeiaeueieo iaoiae?a
iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue. Naia oeei ieoaiiyi ? i?enay/aia iaoa ?iaioa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?aaiaioii
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe, ui aeeiio?oueny ia eaoaae?? oaeoeueoaonueei?
o??o?a?? ?2 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey: “?ic?iaea e?eoa???a aeai?o iaoiaeo iia?aoe??, nooiaith
?eceeo ? aoaeoeaiino? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy aino?ie?iaioi/eaeo
aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueieo ae?acie oa iooeei oeoieo ia ?aiiueiio
aini?oaeueiiio aoai? aeey iie?auaiiy aaciina?aaei?o oa a?aeaeaeaieo
?acoeueoao?a” (? Aea?ae?aa?no?aoe?? – 0186. 0117978).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao oa
ae?aaiinoeee IAAAeA ? ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi aeai?o iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueii?
o??o?a?/ii? oaeoeee aeey iie?auaiiy aaciina?aaei?o oa a?aeaeaeaieo
?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe /anoioo oa aa??aioe ii?aeiaiue IAAAeA;

2. I?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai i?io?eaiiy IAAAeA i?e ??cieo
aa??aioao ii?aeiaiue ia?oi?aoe?? oa e?iaioa/?. Ci?anoaaeoe ee?i?/i?
iciaee IAAAeA c ia?oi?aoeaieie aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueieie ae?aceaie (IAAeA)
aac e?iaioa/?;

3. ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue aeey
nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee oa aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueii? o??o?a?/ii? oaeoeee,
aeae?a iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ?c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae aa??aio?a
ii?aeiaiue IAAAeA;

4. Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy ia?eoii?oo oa iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee
?ioaineaii? oa?ai?? a ia?aae- oa i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ia??iaeao i?e IAAAeA.

5. Aea/eoe aaciina?aaei? oa a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo
?c IAAAeA.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaea
iaeii/ania aeieeiaiiy ia?oi?aoe?? oa e?iaioa/? niinoa??aa?oueny a 27,9%
oai?eo, a o 72,1% iaoe?aio?a – ia?oi?aoe?y ianooia? o ?aiiueiio
ia??iae? i?ney coieiee aaii??aa??. I?iaiae?ciaai? iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai
ia?aa?ao IAAAeA i?e ??cieo aa??aioao ii?aeiaiue ia?oi?aoe?? oa
e?iaioa/?. Cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y IAAAeA ii eieae?caoe?? oa
aa??aioai ?icaeoeo iaeaeaio oneeaaeiaiue ae?aceiai? oai?iae (AO).

I?aaenoaaeaia ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao ia?eoii?oo oa
ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a IAAAeA oa IAAeA (aac e?iaioa/?). Aeae?eaiee neiae?ii
“iaeeo” iciae IAAAeA ? cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue aeey nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee aeaii? iaoieia??.

Aecia/ai? iieacaiiy aeey aeai?o ??cieo, ia?aaaaeii ?aaeeeaeueieo,
aeae?a iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue i?e IAAAeA. ?ic?iaeaiee iiaee niin?a
naeaeoeaii? i?ieneiaeueii? aaaioii??, ia yeee io?eiaii Iaoaio 22790A
Oe?a?ie “UA” IIE A 61 A 17/00 a?ae 21.04.98 ?ieo. Aea/ai? i?e/eie i/i
eaoaeueiino? oa /anoioa ? oa?aeoa? i/i oneeaaeiaiue i?e IAAAeA.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? aiaeineii?/i?
e?eoa??? ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy IAAAeA o caeaaeiino? a?ae eieae?caoe?? oa
iaoe?iino? ae?aceiai? aeano?oeoe??, ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe a?eueo
aeoeaio o??o?a?/io oaeoeeo c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee aeieeiaiiy ia?oi?aoe??.

Aeae?eaiee neiae?ii “iaeeo” iciae IAAAeA aeiaaa? canoinoaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy (OAAeN, iaeyaeiaa ?aioaaiia?ao?y
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, iiaaiiaano?ia?ao?y, eaia?ioeaioac) aeey
nai?/aniiai anoaiiaeaiiy a??iiai ae?aaiico.

?aiiy ae?aaiinoeea IAAAeA ?icoe?th? iieacaiiy aei ?aaeeeaeueieo
iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue. Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi aaaeaiiy oai?eo o
ia?aae-, i?ae /an oa i/i ia??iae? aeicaiey? o 3,5 ?ace cieceoe i/i
eaoaeuei?noue, iie?aueoe aaciina?aaei? oa a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
e?eoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ? aeei?enoiaothoueny a ?iaio?
Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai Oeaio?o ii iaaeaiith iaa?aeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae
oai?ei ?c oeoieiai-eeoeiaeie e?iaioa/aie ia aac? o??o?a?/iiai
a?aeae?eaiiy IEE ?12 oa o??o?a?/ieo ee?i?eao IAI oaeaeei? aeiiiiiae oa
iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io i?noa Ee?aa, o??o?a?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo e?eoaaeueieo
caeeaae?a i?no Oaeai?iaea, Ioea/aaa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe canoiniaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean? ia
eaoaae?ao o??o?a?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, iaaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Ii?aeiaiiy ia?oi?aoe?? oa e?iaioa/? i?e ae?aceia?e oai?ia? oeoieo oa
12-iaei? eeoee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny 2-ia aa??aioaie ia?aa?ao:

a) iaeii/ania aeieeiaiiy iaeaeaio oneeaaeiaiue – o 27,9% iaoe?aio?a;

a) ia?oi?aoe?y ianooia? o ?aiiueiio ia??iae? i?ney coieiee ae?aceiai?
e?iaioa/? – o 72,1% oai?eo, noi?iaiaeaeoth/enue i?e oeueiio ?aoeeaeeaii
e?iaioa/? (?E) – a 54,5% /e aac iueiai – a 45,5% oai?eo. I?e iaeaeaio
aa??aioao IAAAeA iiaeeeaa ia?oi?aoe?y ? e?iaioa/a ?c iaei??? ? o??? ae
ae?acee /e ia?oi?aoe?y iaei???, a e?iaioa/a – ?c ?ioi? ae?acee oeoieo /e
i?ei?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? ciie (IAeC).

2. Aeae?eaiee neiae?ii “iaeeo” iciae o oai?eo ?c AAAeA aeicaiey?
canoinoaaoe aeiaeaoeia? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue ? nai?/anii
ae?aaiinooaaoe IAAAeA.

3. Aoeiia?noue i?io?eaiiy ia?eoii?oo i?e IAAAeA caeaaeeoue a?ae
aa??aio?a ii?aeiaiue ia?oi?aoe?? ? e?iaioa/?, nooiai? aaaeeino?
e?iaiao?aoe oa a?eo oai?eo.

4. ?aiiy ae?aaiinoeea oa nai?/ania iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy aeicaieythoue
?icoe?eoe /anoioo aeeiiaiiy ?aaeeeaeueieo iaoiae?a iia?aoe?e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? iniaenoith i?aoeath aaoi?a,
yeee naiino?eii cae?eniea aiae?c ee?i?/iiai iaoa??aeo aeey iniiaii?
a?oie iaoe?aio?a ?c IAAAeA, i?ia?a eiai noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo oa
ii??aiyiiy io?eiaieo aeaieo ?c oai?eie iaeaeaio eiio?ieueieo a?oi.
Caeiaoaa/ ?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeea o ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo eeaneo?eaoe?th
IAAAeA ii eieae?caoe?? oa aa??aioai ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao, aeae?eea
neiae?ii “iaeeo” iciae aeey nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee aeaii? iaoieia??;
i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o aeeiiaii? iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue, a
aiae?c? oa ocaaaeueiaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioethaaii?
aeniiae?a ? iieiaeaiue ?iaioe, aeianaieo ia caoeno, i?aeaioiaoe?
iaoeiaeo aeaieo aei ioae?eaoe?? ? aeiiia?aeae ?o ia eiioa?aioe?yo oa
c”?caeao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia:1-io (OV??) c’?cae? o??o?a?a
Oe?a?ie (Euea?a, 1995); I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? “Actualitati in
chirurgia toracoabdominalia. Rezumatele lucrarilor congresuli al VIII –
LEA de chirurgie” (Chisinau, 1997); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeno?aiii? iaaeeoeeie” (Ee?a, 1993); “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie iiaeaiiy aeno?aiii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e iaa?aeeeaaeieo
noaiao” (Ee?a, 1995); “O??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy ?aoeeaeeaoth/eo
aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueieo ae?acie oa ?o oneeaaeiaiue” (Ee?a, 1995);
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaa?aeeeaaeii? o??o?a?? i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
oa o?iaai?oaeueiiai o?aeoo” (Ee?a, 1996); “?ioaineaia oa?ai?y i?e
ia?oi?aoeaieo aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueieo ae?aceao” (Aa?aee/?a, 1996);
“No/ani? aniaeoe iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae” (Euea?a, 1997);
“Iiaua oaoiieiaee a oe?o?aee” (Ee?a, 1997); ia can?aeaiiyo Iaoeiaiai
Oiaa?enoaa O??o?a?a i.Ee?aa oa iaeano? (1996-1998 ??.); ia can?aeaii?
Ai?iaaoe?eii? ?aaee “Caaaeuei? ieoaiiy o??o?a??” Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (1997). Ii caaaeaiith
I?i?noa?noaa iaoee oa iaoeiaeo oaoiieia?e iaoa??aee ?iaioe
aeniiioaaeenue ia aenoaaoe? i?e Eaa?iao? I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii ?acoeueoaoai aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii
20 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ?c ieo 2 noaoo? – o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo iaaee/ieo
aeo?iaeao, 3 ?iaioe – a ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 13 noaooae – a
iaoa??aeao oa oacao eiioa?aioe?e; io?eiaiee 1 Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ia
aeiao?ae, aeaeaiee 1 ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno.

Ia”?i oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, oanoe oaiaoe/ieo ?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a,
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, iieaae/eea e?oa?aoo?e. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
157 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 19 oaaeeoeyie, 4
?enoieaie. Iieaae/ee e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 320 aeaea?ae, a oiio /ene? 135
– ?iicaiieo.

INIIAIA *ANOEIA

Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai? aeai?
ananoi?iiiueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a ae?aaiinoeee oa
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy 122 oai?eo ?c IAAAeA, ui ia?aaoaaee c 1982 ii
1996 ?iee ia e?eoaaii? a Ee?anueeiio i?nueeiio Oeaio?? ii iaaeaiith
iaa?aeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae iaoe?aioai ?c aino?eie oeoieiai-eeoeiaeie
e?iaioa/aie. Aeaia a?oia oai?eo aoea iniiaiith aeey aea/aiiy ? neeaea
1,4% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? c 8822 iaoe?aio?a ?c AAAeA, ui
e?eoaaeenue o Oeaio?? ca oeae aea i?ii?aeie /ano.

Aeey ci?anoaaeaiiy ? ii??aiyiiy iniaeeainoae ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao,
ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie aoei aeae?eaii
eiio?ieueio a?oio ?1, yeo neeaee 474 iaoe?aioe c IAAeA aac e?iaioa/? oa
eiio?ieueio a?oio ?2, o yeo oa?eoee aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue 8700 oai?eo ?c
AAAeA.

O i?ioean? ianoaaeaiiy iaoe?aio?a iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi
aea/aeenue aiaiianoe/i? oa ee?i?/i? aeai?, caaaeuei? iieacieee
aaiia?aie, a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie.
Nooi?iue aaaeeino? ?ioieneeaoe?? aecia/aee ii eaeeioeeoa?iiio ?iaeaeno
?ioieneeaoe?? (E??) (ss.ss.Eaeueo-Eaeeo, 1941). Anueiai i?iaaaeaii 67990
eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue 24-o iieaciee?a aiiainoaco. Nooi?iue
aaaeeino? e?iaiao?aoe ioe?ithaaee ii ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?iei oa
aaiiaeeiai?/iei iieacieeai ?, ca?aeii eeaneo?eaoe?? A.Ae.A?aoony (1991),
aeae?eyee eaaeo, na?aaeith oa aaaeeo nooiai? e?iaiao?aoe.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy eieae?caoe??, iniaeeainoae ae?aceiai? aeano?oeoe?? oa
noaio aaiinoaco a cii? ae?aceiaiai e?aoa?o ? ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo i/i oneeaaeiaiue aoei aeeiiaii 1987
o?a?iacioaaiaano?iaeoiaeaiineii?/ieo (OAAAeN) aeine?aeaeaiue aia?aoaie
“Olimpus” (GIF-K, GIF-1T). I?e aeyaeaii? iciae i?iaeiaaeaiiy e?iaioa/?
/e ianoaa?eueiiai aaiinoaco a cii? ae?acee canoiniaoaaee caniae
aiaeineii?/iiai aaiinoaco, ui aeeth/aee iiii- /e a?iiey?io
ae?aoa?iieiaaoeyoe?th aai iaianaiiy ie?aeiooai?thth/eo iie?ia??a.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?eo ?c IAAAeA oa IAAeA cae?eniaii 479
iaeyaeiaeo ?aioaaiia?ao?e /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie oa 82 aiaeineii?/i?
iiaaiiaano?ia?ao??.

I?ae /an iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy aiae?coaaee e?euee?noue oa oa?aeoa?
aenoaeaoo a /a?aai?e ii?iaeiei?, iioe?ai?noue oa nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino?
caiaeueieo ci?i c aieo i?aai?a oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo. I?e oeueiio
aeae?eyee yaeua i?noeaaiai (eieaeueiiai), aeeoociiai oa ?iceeoiai
ia?eoii?oo (A.Ae.Naa/oe, 1988). Aeey aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?o i?e?ioei?e oa
/ooeeaino? ?? aei 8 iaea?eueo aaeeaa?ieo aioea?ioee?a, o 21 iaoe?aioa
iniiaii? oa 48 – eiio?ieueii? a?oie ?1 aoei i?iaaaeaii 207
aaeoa??ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

An? io?eiai? oeeo?ia? cia/aiiy, ye a iniiai?e, oae ? a eiio?ieuei?e
a?oiao, aoee i?aeaeai? noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ? ii??aiyiith ia PC Pentium
166 MMX ?c aecia/aiiyi aeinoia??iino? ??cieoeue ii e?eoa??th
Nouethaeaioa (?

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