OA?E?ANUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO

I?OIIAAe?? OA O?AAIAOIEIA?? ?i. i?io. I.?.Neoaiea

NA?AeTHE Na?oeaia ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 616.711-007.55-053.2+616-089

O??O?A?*IA I?IO?EAEOEEA

I?IA?ANOAAIIss IIIA?AEIAIAI

? A?OAeIIIIA?AEIAIAI NEIE?ICO

14.01.21 — o?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo?
i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io. I.?.Neoaiea IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

OAA*AIEI Noai?neaa Aeieo?iae/,

Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?oiiaae?? oa

o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io. I.?.Neoaiea, caa?aeoaa/

a?aeae?eaiiy aeeoy/i? i?oiiaae??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?OIOIANUeEEE Aaiiaae?e Oa?eaii?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?oiiaae?? oa

o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io. I.?.Neoaiea, caa?aeoaa/

a?aeae?eaiiy aa?oaa?ieia??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee aeiao?aeiee Oe?a?ie

O?UAIEI A?oae?e sseiae/,

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo o?aaiaoieia??

oa i?oiiaae??, ea??aiee Oe?a?inueeiai nieiaeueiiai

iae?io??o?a?/iiai oeaio?o c ee?i?eith o??o?a?? o?aaoa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?a o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae??, IIC
Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. ia 11.30 aiaeeii ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.607.01 Oa?e?anueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia??
?i.i?io.I.?.Neoaiea (310024, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Iooe?inueea, 80).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia??
?i.i?io.I.?.Neoaiea (310024, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Iooe?inueea, 80).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe ?aae/aiei A.I.

14

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. E?eoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae aei oaia??oiueiai
/ano caeeoa?oueny iaeiith c iniiaieo ? neeaaeieo i?iaeai i?oiiaae??.
Oe?e i?iaeai? i?enay/aia aaeeea e?euee?noue ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a (a.ae.*aeeei, 1958; e.a.Iiaoiae/, 1964;
A.a.Aaaeueianiaa, 1965: a.e.Eacueiei, 1968; a.y.Oeuaiei, 1972;
n.ae.Oaa/aiei, 1983; ?.Y.?aea, 1980; ?.Harrington, 1962: a.o.Dwyer,
1973; e.zielke, 1982; J.Citrel-J.Dubousset, 1988; j.i.ioe, 1969:
e.d.Luk, 1989: a.e.Lugue, 1994). Iacaaaeath/e ia an? coneeey i?oiiaae?a,
o 16-30% oai?eo caoai?thaaiiy ia i?aeaea?oueny eiina?aaoeaiiio
e?eoaaiith, iaooeeueii i?ia?ano? ? iio?aao? iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy
(c.a.Eanoi, 1958; n.ae.Oaa/aiei, 1983; a.a.Aaeaeoeia, 1990; a.y.
Oeuaiei, 1994; o.Hassan, 1983; f.montgomery, 1990; L.Karol, 1993).
Iaeiae o??o?a?/ia ei?aeoe?y noi?iiaaieo aaaeeeo aeaoi?iaoe?e o?aaoiaiai
noiaia ? a?oaeii? ee?oee neeaaeia aeey o??o?aa, iaaacia/ia ? ia caaaeaee
aoaeoeaia aeey oai?iai. Inue /iio a e?eoaaii? neie?ico iniaeeao
aeooaeuei?noue iaaoaathoue ieoaiiy o??o?a?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee
i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae.

I?eoeeueieeii o??o?a?/iiai i?io?eaeoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii?
oai?iae aoa a.ae.*aee?i. Nie?ath/enue ia ?ic?iaee a?o/eciyieo aaoi??a
i?i ia?aeiio ?ieue aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa a iaoiaaiac? i?ia?anoaaiiy
neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? o?aaoa (a.e.Oo?ia?, 1926; a.a.Eiceianeee,
1927; ?.?.A?aaeai, 1931), a?i aenoioa ?aeath i?i ia?a?eaaiiy
iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae oeyoii
e?noeiai-ieanoe/ii? o?enaoe?? iiia?aeiai-e?eaeiaiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa c
iaoith onoiaiiy a?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aaeoiia aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
aeaoi?iaoe??. A.Ae.*aee?i (1968) aaaaeaa, ui «o?enaoe?y o?aaoa ia ??ai?
LIV — SI noai?th? aacen, yeee caaacia/o? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
aeuaeaaea/eo a?aeae?e?a o?aaoa, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai a ia??iae aeoeaiiai
?inoo aeeoeie».

O ?iaioao a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a ie ia ciaeoee ia?aeiieeaeo
aeaieo, ye? a i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee aai ni?inoiaoaaee oeth ?aeath.

O e?oa?aoo?? iaia? aeinoaoiuei aeeaieiai aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
aeina?aeo o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? o?aaoa c
canoinoaaiiyi ?iieaioao?a ? e?noeiai-ieanoe/ii? o?enaoe?? aaceniiai
a?aeae?eo o?aaoa.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? oe?eee ?yae ieoaiue: /e iiaea caaei?e
niiiaeeeiaeac aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa c ei?aeoe??th iieiaeaiiy LIV-LV
? iniiaii? aeoae iiia?aeiaiai aai a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai aee?eaeaiiy
cao?eiaoe i?ioean i?ia?anoaaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?? o?aaoa; aei?aaeoe
(e?ea?aeoaaoe aai ciaioeoe) eiai aieia? aee?eaeaiiy ? oi?n?th,
ia?aaoaeoaaoe iaoieia?/io noaoeeo a iiia?aeiaiio a?aeae?e?, ciaioeoe
a?aeoeeaiiy ooeoaa, caaacia/eoe oiiae aeey ?inoo o?aaoe?a, noaa?e?coaaoe
? caiia?aoe iiaeaeueoiio ia?inoaiith aeaoi?iaoe???

O i?iaeai? e?eoaaiiy neie?ico o ae?oae i?ia?aeieie ? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye?
noinothoueny ao?iiaoiaaiaco i?ioeano i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe??, ai iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? i?io?eaeoe/i? ? e?eoaaeuei? caoiaee
iiaeia ?ic?iaeoe ia i?aenoaa? oyaeaiue i?i i?e/eie ? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo
iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Iaeiae aaaaoi ieoaiue ao?ieia?? ? iaoiaaiaco
i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae aeaeae? ua a?ae ae??oaiiy.

Caniiaieee a?o/eciyii? i?oiiaae?? aaeeea cia/aiiy a ?icaeoeo neie?ico
i?eae?eyee aaceniiio a?aeae?eo o?aaoa (a.e.Oo?ia?, 1926; a.a.Eiceianeee,
1927; ?.?.a?aaeai, 1931). ?o ?iaioaie aeiaaaeaii, ui ii?ooaiiy
aca?iia?aeiinei aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo? iiia?aeiai-e?eaeiaiai a?aeae?eo
o?aaoa i?ecaiaeeoue aei ianoaa?eueiino? nenoaie «aacen»- o?aaao ?
eaaeeoue a iniia? ?icaeoeo neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??. A aeine?aeaeaiiyo
no/anieo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a ieoaiiy i?i ?ieue aaceniiai
a?aeae?eo o?aaoa a ao?iiaoiaaiac? neie?ico ia io?eiaei iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo ? caeeoa?oueny iaae??oaiei.

I?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao ? iane?aee?a neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? iaeiei
?c iaea?eueo neeaaeieo ieoaiue o ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? ? i?eaa?oa? oaaao
aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a (i.a.aeaenaaaa, 1979; e.c.iaeiai, 1981;
I.i.Iaaeaiei, 1984; a.o.aeaieeia, 1991; a.y.Oeueiei; Harrington, 948;
Farkas, 1954; Risser, 1948). Iaeiae a ?iaioao, i?enay/aieo
i?iaiicoaaiith ia?aa?ao neie?ico, iaia? aeaieo i?i ye?-iaaoaeue
a?aeoeeaiiy ia ??ai? iiia?aeiai-e?eaeiaiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa, ye? a
aeacoaaee ia iiaeaeueoee iani?eyoeeaee ?icaeoie neie?ioe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe??. A?aoiaoth/e a?aeiiee aca?iica’ycie nenoaie
oac-e?eae?-o?aaao a??ia?aei?noue iayaiino? oaeeo iciae aeoaea aaeeea,
aea ia aea/aia.

Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy iia?aoeaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
neie?ico naiei o?niei /eiii ca’ycaii c ioe?ieith iane?aee?a o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy. Iaeiae aeey oiai, uia ?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee iane?aee?a iiaee
iaoe i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, aiia iiaeiia aooe ia’?eoeaiith,
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith ? an?i c?icoi?eith. I?ae oei, aeai? e?oa?aoo?e c
oeueiai ieoaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui eiaeiee aaoi? i?iiiio? nai?
e?eoa??? ioe?iee, ye? iniiaai? ia aeaniiio aeina?ae?, iniaeeainoyo
iaoa??aeo, yeee aiae?co?oueny, iaoe aiae?co, iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy oiui.
Oae? iaoiaeeee ia aeicaieythoue c?noaaeyoe aeai? aeina?aeo o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy neie?ico, yeee i?aaenoaaeaiee o ??cieo iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo ?
iio?aao? oi?o?eaoe??.

On? oe? ieoaiiy aeiaaathoue aeaoaeueiiai aeeaieiai ? anaa?/iiai
aea/aiiy, ui aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue o
oeueiio iai?yi?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia??
?i. i?io. I.?.Neoaiea (oeo? oaie oeo.524.94, aea?aeaaia ?a?no?aoe?y ?
0?96u0752).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeee o??o?a?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico o ae?oae ia iniia? ei?aeoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe??
aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio neie?ioe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? ? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa o oai?eo ia iiia?aeiaee ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaee neie?ic.

2. Aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino? o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai
a?aeae?eo o?aaoa ye niiniao iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ico o
ae?oae.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iieacaiiy aeey o??o?a?/iiai i?io?eaeoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy
i?ia?anoth/eo oi?i neie?ico o ae?oae iaoiaeii ei?aeoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe??
aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa.

4. ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaenio iaaeeei-nioe?aeueio nenoaio ioe?iee iane?aee?a
e?eoaaiiy neie?ico ? canoinoaaoe ?? aeey ii??aiyiiy iia?aoeaiiai ?
eiina?aaoeaiiai niinia?a e?eoaaiiy a ianoaaeaieo a?oiao oai?eo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aeyaeai? iciaee
i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aaceniee a?aeae?e o?aaoa, ? iaaaaeaia ?o ee?i?/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Aia?oa aecia/aia ?ieue o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? oa noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai
a?aeae?eo o?aaoa ye niiniao iiia?aaeaeaiiy neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??
o?aaoa iiia?aeiai? ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiai? eieae?caoe??.

Aia?oa noi?ioeueiaai? iieacaiiy aeey o??o?a?/iiai i?io?eaeoe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico o ae?oae.

?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia iaaeeei-nioe?aeueia nenoaia ioe?iee iane?aee?a
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy neie?ico.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo
iciae i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ico aeicaieeoue i?aeoe/iei e?ea?yi nai?/anii
aeyaeoe oai?eo, yeei iieacaii iia?aoeaia e?eoaaiiy, ? nai?/anii
cai?iiiioaaoe ?i o??o?a?/iee iaoiae i?io?eaeoeee iiaeaeueoiai
i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??.

Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo o??o?a?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee
i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ico o ae?oae iiia?aaeaea? ?icaeoie aaaeeeo iane?aee?a
neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae.

?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia iaaeeei-nioe?aeueia nenoaia ioe?iee iane?aee?a
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia neie?ic aeicaiey? e?euee?nii
a?aeia?aceoe ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/i? ? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oai?eo ? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye a i?aeoe/ieo, oae ? a
iaoeiaeo oe?eyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? iniaenoi i?iaiaeea aea/aiiy a?o?aieo
iaoa??ae?a ? iaaee/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??, a?aa o/anoue a iia?aoe?yo ?
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio aaaeaii? oai?eo. Ioe?iea aeaieo ee?i?/ieo,
?aioaaiieia?/ieo ? aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy aei ? i?ney
iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy aeeiioaaeany aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Noaoenoe/iee
aiae?c, ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea e?eoa???a i?iaiicoaaiiy,
nenoaie ioe?iee iane?aee?a ? iieacaiue aei o??o?a?/iiai i?io?eaeoe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy neie?ico i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
iia?aeiieai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia i?aeia?iaei?e tha?eaei?e eiioa?aioe??
«Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeaoneie eo?i?oieiaee» (?aiaoi??y, 1996);
Ana?in?enuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaiu oe?o?aee iicaiii/ieea e
nieiiiai iicaa» (Iiainea??nuee, 1996); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Iiaia a i?oiiaaeee, o?aaiaoieiaee e eiiaonoeieiaee» (sseoa, 1997);
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?io?eaeoeea, ae?aaiinoeea ? e?eoaaiiy
iooeeiiiiae?aieo ? i?oiiaaee/ieo caoai?thaaiue oa iane?aee?a o?aai
iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoa o ae?oae a oiiaao niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naiaoi???a»
(Ee?a-?aiaoi??y, 1998); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaia a
o?aaiaoieiaee, i?oiiaaeee e ?aaaeeeoaoeee» (sseoa, 1999); can?aeaiiyo
iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a E?eio
(N?ioa?iiieue, 1996-1999??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a 9 iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo, ?c ieo 3 iaae?oeiaai? a oeaio?aeueieo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo
ca oaoii, 6 ioae?eaoe?e — a ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaoa??aeao ? oacao
c’?cae?a, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e. Ca iaoa??aeaie i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaii 2 iina?ae/aiiy ia ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee?
i?iiiceoe??.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c
oeooeueiiai a?eooa, anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo «Iaoa??aee oa
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy», o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaiai?aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e (101 a?o/eciyiiai oa 117 ca?oa?aeieo). Oaeno
aeeeaaeaii ia 186 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, aeeth/ath/e 41 oaaeeoeth, 36
?enoie?a oa aeaa aeiaeaoea.

Ci?no ?iaioe

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaea niiniao i?io?eaeoeee
i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico i?iaiaeeeany
oeyoii aea/aiiy iane?aee?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? c ei?aeoe??th oa noaa?e?caoe??th aaceniiai a?aeae?eo
o?aaoa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ii??aithaaeeny c iane?aeeaie
eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy neie?ico iiia?aeiai? ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiai?
eieae?caoe?? a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oai?eo.

Iaoa??aeii aeey ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noaee 110 oai?eo
c i?ia?anoth/ith oi?iith neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae o a?oe? a?ae 6 aei 16
?ie?a. ?c ieo 65 (59,1%) oai?eo aoee i?iiia?iaai? a ee?i?oe? i?oiiaae??
oa o?aaiaoieia?? aeeoy/iai a?eo e?einueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a
45 (40,9%) oai?eo iaea?aeoaaee eiiieaenia eiina?aaoeaia e?eoaaiiy,
aeeth/ath/e naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia, ia aac? naiaoi??th «*aeea» i.?aiaoi???.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny a aeae?eueea aoai?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai? aoee
i?iaiae?ciaai? aeo?aei? ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oai?eo,
ui no?aaeaeathoue i?ia?anoth/ith oi?iith iiia?aeiaiai ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico. Aeyaeaii, ui a ianoaaeai?e a?oi? aoei 16
(14,5%) oeii/ee?a ? 94 (85,5%) ae?a/aoie. A?eueo?noue iaoe??io?a aoea c
iiia?aeiaei — 53 (48,2%) aai a?oaeiiiia?aeiaei — 41 (37,3%) oeiii
neie?ico. O 16 (14,5%) oai?eo aeaoi?iaoe?y aoea eiia?iiaaiith. Ca
ao?ieia??th an? oai?? aoee c aeenieanoe/iei neie?icii. O 75,8% aeiaaee?a
iaee i?noea e?noeia? i?iyae aeenieac?? iiia?aeiai-e?eaeiaiai a?aeae?eo
o?aaoa, o 23,6% oai?eo aoee aeyaeai? iciaee aeec?ao?/iiai noaoono, ui
oaeiae oeacoaaei ia aeenieanoe/io i?e?iaeo neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae.
I?iyaaie e?noeiai? aeenieac?? o an?o oai?eo aoee iiiaeeii? aiiiae??
?icaeoeo aacenieo naaiaio?a o?aaoa. Oae, o 40 (36,4%) oai?eo aeyaeaii
iaca?iuaiiy aeoa o?aaoe?a LV-SI-SII, ethiaae?caoe?y ? nae?ae?caoe?y
cono??eeny o 18 (16,4%) aeiaaeeao, ?c ieo aneiao?e/ia naaiaioaoe?y aoea
a?aei?/aia o 7 (6,7%) iaoe??io?a. Ie??i oeacaieo aiiiae?e, o an?o oai?eo
aeyaeai? aai a?iiieac?y noaeiaiaeo a?ae?inoe?a (78,3%), aai aiiiae??
o?ii?cio (84,1%), aai ? oa ? ae?oaa (45,6%).

Oe? aeai?, ia iaoo aeoieo, aeacothoue ia ?ieue aeenieac?? aacenieo
no?oeoo? o?aaoa a ao?iiaoiaaiac? neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae.

Iaeiei ?c iieaciee?a nooiaiy aaaeeino? neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae ? aeo?aeia
aaee/eia aeaoi?iaoe?? o?aaoa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a eooiaa aeaoi?iaoe?y o o?iioaeuei?e ieiuei? a ianoaaeai?e a?oi?
oai?eo ia ia?aaeuoaaea 50° (86%), ui a?aeiia?aea? iii nooiaith aaaeeino?
oai?iae ca a.ae.*aee?iei.

Ae?oaei aaaeeeaei no?oeoo?iei eiiiiiaioii neie?ico, yeee aieeaa? ia
aeeiai?eo caoai?thaaiiy, ? oi?n?y-iiai?io ? aaaaoiieiueiia ne?o/oaaiiy
o?aaoa a i?ioean? eiai ?inoo. I?e aea/aii? oeueiai ia?aiao?o aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui a na?aaeiueiio oi?n?eiee eiiiiiaio aeaoi?iaoe?? o iaoeo
oai?eo neeaa 21°.

Iaea?eueo noaa?eueiith /anoeiith aeaoi?iaoe?? ? oeaio?aeueiee eoo. O
iaoeo oai?eo a 75,5% aeiaaee?a a?i aoa aeuee ca 20°, ui, ca aeaieie
a.y.O?uaiea ?c ni?aaao. (1994), ? iani?eyoeeaith i?iaiinoe/iith
iciaeith.

I?e aeenieanoe/ieo neie?icao ?icaeoie aeaoi?iaoe?? ii/eia?oueny c
eeeiiiiae?aii? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a, ne?aeii ca yeith
?icaeaa?oueny eeeiiiiae?ai?noue o?e o?aaoe?a. A ianoaaeai?e a?oi? oai?eo
eeeiiiiae?ai?noue o?e o?aaoe?a ? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a aecia/aeany ca
?iaeaenii eeeiiiiae?aiino?, yeee aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee ?.C.Iaeiaiii, ?, ye
iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia ia?aaeuoaaea 0,5. Oe? aeai? iieacothoue, ui
c aieo o?e o?aaoe?a ? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a a?oaeo ieanoe/ieo ci?i ia
a?aei?/aeiny.

Aaee/eia oi?n?? ia? nooo?aee aieea ia aeeiai?eo neie?ioe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe??, oi/a i?ae iath ? aaee/eiith aieiaiai eooa iaia? no?iai?
caeaaeiino?. Neie?ice c iaeiaeiaith aaee/eiith aeaoi?iaoe?? iiaeooue
iaoe ??cio aaee/eio oi?n??, aea i?e oeueiio, ye iieacaee iao?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, o ieo iaia’yceiai aoaea ??ciith aaee/eia ?iaeaeno
eeeiiiiae?aiino? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a aai o?e o?aaoe?a. Oeae
aca?iica’ycie oi?n?? o?aaoe?a ? eeeiiiiae?aiino? aeene?a iaie aoa
iienaiee aia?oa. O aea/ai?e e?oa?aoo?? iiae?aieo iia?aeiieaiue ia
aeyaeaii.

Aeey aea/aiiy nooiaiy iia?eueiino? neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? aei
iia?aoe?? ie ei?enooaaeeny niiiaeeeia?aiaie oai?eo, ye? aoee aeeiiai? a
iieiaeaii? noiy/e ? eaaea/e c ia/eneaiiyi ?iaeaeno noaa?eueiino?
a.?.Eacuei?ia. A ianoaaeai?e a?oi? oai?eo ?iaeaen noaa?eueiino? aoa o
iaaeao a?ae 0,3 aei 0,9, i?e/iio a 73,8% aeiaaee?a aei 0,7, ui aiai?eoue
i?i aeinoaoith iia?euei?noue o?aaoa.

I?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao neie?ioe/ii? oai?iae i?iaiaeeeiny ca nenoaiith
oaaee/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy, yea iiaoaeiaaia ca i?eioeeiii e?i?eiiai
aeene?ei?iaioiiai aiae?co (a.y.O?uaiei ? ni?aaao, 1994). Ca
?acoeueoaoaie i?iaiico, o 65,3% oai?eo, yeei aoea iieacaia iia?aoe?y,
a?aei?/aany ao?oeeaee oaii i?ia?anoaaiiy (iiiaae 15° ia ??e), o 25,5%
iaoe??io?a na?aaei?e oaii i?ia?anoaaiiy (aei 15° ia ??e), o 9,2% —
iia?eueiee oaii i?ia?anoaaiiy (aei 10° ia ??e). A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?
ao?oeeaee oaii i?ia?anoaaiiy a?aei?/aany o 58,4% oai?eo, na?aaei?e — o
30,2%, iia?eueiee — o 11,4% oai?eo.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo
o?aaoa aecia/aeeny oae? ?aioaaiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e, ye eoo iaoeeo LIV,
oi?n?? LIV, LV; ?ioaoe?eiee niiiaeeeie?noac LIV, LV, eeeiiaeaei?noue
i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a LIII-LIV, LIV-LV.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaa, ui o an?o oai?eo iaee i?noea
ci?ie aiaoii?/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei aacenieo no?oeoo? o?aaoa, ui, ia iao
iiaeyae, noaaaei a?iiaoai?/ieie ia?aaeoiiaaie aeey i?ia?anoaaiiy
neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui o an?o aeiaaeeao, aea eoo iaoeeo
i`yoiai iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoey ia?aaeuoaaa 15° (65,3%), a?aei?/aeiny
oaeaeea i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? (?en.1)

?en.1 — Aeeiai?ea ci?i eooa iaoeeo LV oa iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? aeicaieythoue aeae?eeoe aeacaio ?aioaaiieia?/io iciaeo
ye iani?eyoeeao ? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? ye i?iaiinoe/io.

I?iaaaeai? ?aioaaiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?ia?anoaaiiy
iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ca?eueoaiiyi ?ioaoe?eiiai niiiaeeeie?noaco iiia?aeiaeo o?aaoe?a, i?e/iio
iaeneiaeueii ae?aaeaiiai ia ??ai? LIV o?aaoey.

Aea/ath/e iieacieee ?iaeaen?a eeeiiiiae?aiino? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a,
ie a?aei?oeee, ui ia ??ai? LIV-LV aecia/a?oueny iaea?eueo eeeiiiiae?aii
ci?iaiee aeene o a?aeiioaii? aei aeua?icoaoiaaieo, aea oey aeaoi?iaoe?y
iiaa?iaia o i?ioeeaaeiee a?e. Oea aeiaiaeeoue, ui a i?ioean?
i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? aacen o?aaoa aaaea naaa o
a?aeiioaii? aei iiia?aeiai? aeoae ye i?ioeaee?eaeaiiy ? iio?aao?
ei?aeoe?? oa noaa?e?caoe??. Iaia? i?yeiai naino cae?enithaaoe
niiiaeeeiaeac neie?ioe/ii? aeoae, yeui o?aaoe?, ui caieeathoue ??, ia
iaeo?aeuei?. Inoaii?e canoaa?e?ciaaiee o?aaaoeue (LV) iiaeiai aooe
iaeo?aeueiei ? ai?eciioaeueii ?icoaoiaaiei a?aeiinii e?eaeiai? e?noee.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaa, ui
iniiaiei e?eoa???i a?aeai?o oai?eo ia iia?aoe?th aoei i?ia?anoaaiiy
aeaoi?iaoe?? ca an?ia iniiaieie iieacieeaie, a aeyaeai? na?eici?
aiaoii?/i? ci?ie ia ??ai? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa noaee
iaoiii?oieia?/iei noano?aoii ? a?iiaoai?/iith ia?aaeoiiaith aeey
i?ia?anoaaiiy.

Ianooiiei aoaiii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aea/aiiy aieeao ei?aeoe?? oa
noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa ia iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy
aaee/eie iniiaii? ? eiiiainaoi?ii? neie?ioe/ieo aeoa.

O??o?a?/ia ao?o/aiiy i?iaiaeeeiny i?ney ?aoaeueii? ia?aaeiia?aoe?eii?
i?aeaioiaee, yea aoea ni?yiiaaia ia iia?e?caoe?th o?aaoa iaoiaeii
aeoyaaiiy ia iioee?e ieiuei?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaee/eia
ia?aaeiia?aoe?eii? ei?aeoe?? iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy neeaea 20-40%
i?e cia/aiiyo ?iaeaeno noaa?eueiino? Eacuei?ia a iaaeao a?ae 0,3 aei
0,5. A iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oaeeo oai?eo aoei 73,8%.

Iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ca oaeith noaiith. Ei?aeoe?y aaceniiai
a?aeae?eo o?aaoa oa iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy i?iaiaeeoueny ca
aeiiiiiaith aeeno?aeoi?a oeio Eacuei?ia, Oeauaiea, Oa???iaoiia aai ?o
iiaeeo?eaoe?e. Iii?i? aeaiaioe iaoaeieiino?oeoe?e anoaiiaeththoueny
caa?oo — ia iaeei-aeaa o?aaoey aeua iaeo?aeueiiai, cieco — ia e?eei
eeoaiai? e?noee aai aieiao iano e?eae?a. Aeeno?aeoi? ?icoaoiao?oueny ia
iioeei, a iaeneiaeueii ia?aeaeueii in? o?aaoa. I?iaiaeeoueny
iaia’yceiaee ?aoaeueiee niiiaeeeiaeac aeoaia?ae?ino/anoeo noaeia?a
o?aaoa. O?aaao o?eno?oueny oeyoii caaeiueiai niiiaeeeiaeaco ?ea?aeiei
aooio?ainieaioaoii. I?ioyaei?noue niiiaeeeiaeaco iioe?th?oueny caa?oo —
ia iaeei-aeaa o?aaoey aeua iaeo?aeueiiai, cieco — iaia’yceiai aei ??aiy
SI.

Aiae?c i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui a a?oi? oai?eo, aea
eoo aeaoi?iaoe?? a iiia?aeiaiio aai a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiio a?aeae?eao o?aaoa
aei iia?aoe?? ia ia?aaeuoaaa 40°, a eoo iaoeeo i’yoiai iiia?aeiaiai
o?aaoey aoa aei 15°, aoaeoeai?noue o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? iniiaii? aeoae
aee?eaeaiiy ? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa iiaeeeaa ia 85-90%. I?e oeueiio
aeeno?aeoe?ei? coneeey aeeno?aeoi??a oeio Oa???iaoiia, Eacuei?ia oa ?i
iiae?aieo ia caaacia/othoue aeinoaoiueiai aeaoi?n?eiiai aoaeoo i?e
aaee/ei? oi?n?? aa?o?aeiaiai o?aaoey a?eueoa 20°. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui aeacai? eiino?oeoe?? iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? a oeo aeiaaeeao,
eiee i?ia?anoaaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?? eaea c aeia?aaeaeaiith aeeiai?eith
eeeiiiiae?aiino? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a a ii??aiyii? c oi?n??th. A
ianoaaeai?e a?oi? oai?eo iaa?oue i?e cia/aiiyo ?iaeaeno eeeiiiiae?aiino?
i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a 0,7-0,8 i?neyiia?aoe?eia ei?aeoe?y oeueiai
iieacieea neeaea 43,8%, a oie /an ye oi?n?eiee eiiiiiaio aeaoi?iaoe?? ia
onoaa?oueny a?eueoa, i?ae ia 31,9% i?e naieo iaaaeeeeo aeo?aeieo
iieacieeao oi?n?? (5-10°). Oe? aeai? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
i?iaiicoaaii? aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui a?ae aaee/eie ia?aeiii? aeoae
aee?eaeaiiy o iiia?aeiaiio aai a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiio a?aeae?eao o?aaoa ?
noaio aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa caeaaeeoue naiiei?aeoe?y eiiiainaoi?ii?
aeoae o a?oaeiiio a?aeae?eo. A?aei?iiee ?acoeueoao (naiiei?aeoe?y 60% ?
aeua) iaea?aeoaaee a oeo aeiaaeao, eiee aaee/eia ia?aeiii? aeoae
aee?eaeaiiy ia ia?aaeuoaaea 40°, a eoo iaoeeo LIV aoa ia aeua 15°.

Iaea?eueo noaa?eueiith /anoeiith neie?ioe/ii? aeoae ? oeaio?aeueiee eoo.
Aiae?c oeueiai ?aioaaiieia?/iiai iieacieea o i?iiia?iaaieo oai?eo
iieacaa, ui i?e iaaaeeeeo eooiaeo aeaoi?iaoe?yo ia?aeiii? aeoae (a iaoeo
niinoa?aaeaiiyo aei 50°) ? aenieeo iieacieeao iia?eueiino? o?aaoa
(?iaeaen noaa?eueiino? Eacuei?ia aei 0,7) oeaio?aeueiee eoo, ye
iaea?eueo o?eniaaia /anoeia neie?ioe/ii? aeoae, i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth
onoaa?oueny.

Aiae?c i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy iieacaa, ui ei?aeoe?y
iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy a iiia?aeiaiio ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiio
a?aeae?eao o?aaoa caeaaeeoue a?ae onoiaiiy aiaoii?/ieo c?ooaiue aacenieo
no?oeoo?. Iaeneiaeueia ei?aeoe?y iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy aoea
aeinyaiooa a oeo aeiaaeeao, aea eoo iaoeeo LIV ia ia?aaeuoaaa 15°,
?iaeaen eeeiiiiae?aiino? aeene?a LIII-LIV ? LIV-LV aoa o iaaeao a?ae 0,1
aei 0,5, a oi?n?y LIV aoea ia a?eueoa 5°.

A?aei?/aiee ?ai?oa oie oaeo, ui aacen o?aaoa aaaea naaa o a?aeiioaii?
aei iniiaii? aeoae ye i?ioeaee?eaeaiiy, e aiae?c i?neyiia?aoe?eieo
?acoeueoao?a iieacothoue, ui i?iaaaeaia ei?aeoe?y oa noaa?e?caoe?y
aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa oa iniiaii? neie?ioe/ii? aeoae aei?aaeythoue
? o?enothoue ia iaeio, a aea? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy, ui no?iai a?aeiia?aea?
i?aaeeo i?i oa, ui aeey onoiaiiy a?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aaeoiia i?ia?anoaaiiy
neie?ico iaiao?aeii o?enoaaoe ia iaioa aeaio aeoa aee?eaeaiiy.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? eiaeiiai oai?iai, oi/iee
ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiee ?ic?aooiie ia?aiao??a o??o?a?/ii? neooaoe?? ?
oaoi?/ieo iiaeeeainoae iaoaeieiino?oeoe??, ui canoiniaoaaee, c
o?aooaaiiyi ?ioeo a?aeiieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaaee ia e?ioeaaee
?acoeueoao ei?aeoe??, aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaoe aoaeoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy. I?e oeueiio o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe
iaea?aeai? aeai? i?i oa, ui:

• i?e ?iaeaen? noaa?eueiino? o iaaeao a?ae 0,3 aei 0,5 ia?aaeiia?aoe?eia
ei?aeoe?y iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy neeaaea? a?ae 20% aei 40%;

• ca?eueoaiiy ?iaeaeno noaa?eueiino? aeua 0,7 ??cei ciaioo? iiaeeeaino?
ia?aaeiia?aoe?eii? ei?aeoe?? neie?ioe/ii? aeoae;

• i?e ca?eueoaii? iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy aeua 50° iiaeeeaino? ??
ei?aeoe?? ciaioothoueny a na?aaeiueiio ii 20% ia eiaei? 5° aeoae
aee?eaeaiiy;

• ei?aeoe?y aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa ia 100% aeinyaa?oueny ca oiiae,
ui eoo iaoeeo LV ia ia?aaeuo? 15°, ?iaeaen eeeiiiiae?aiino? aeene?a
LIII-LIV, LIV-LV a iaaeao a?ae 0,1 aei 0,5, oi?n?y LIV ia aeua 5°;

• aaee/eia naiiei?aeoe?? caeaaeeoue ia a?ae aeo?aeieo iieaciee?a
aoi?eiii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy, a a?ae ?? iia?eueiino?;

• canoiniaai? eiino?oeoe?? Eacuei?ia, Oeauaiea ? Oa???iaoiia ia
onoaathoue oi?n?th o?aaoe?a, iniiai? aeeno?aeoe?ei? coneeey ni?yiiaai?
ia aei?aaeaiiy eeeiiiiae?aiino? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo aeene?a;

• ei?eaoth/e neie?ioe/io aeaoi?iaoe?th a iaei?e ieiuei?, ie aeinyaa?ii
e?auiai ?acoeueoaoo a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee i?ia?anoaaiiy aeaoi?iaoe??
eaea c aeia?aaeaeath/ith aeeiai?eith eeeiiiiae?aiino? i?aeo?aaoeaaeo
aeene?a ? o?e o?aaoe?a;

• ei?aeoe?y iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy ? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee iiia?aeiaa aeoaa aee?eaeaiiy
ia?aaeuo? a?oaeio, a nae?aeueia e?i?y ia?aoeia? iaeo?aeuei? o?aaoe?, ui,
ca eeaneo?eaoe??th King, a?aeiia?aea? ia?oiio oeio neie?ioe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe??, «ci?oaiee» oei aee?eaeaiiy (King4-5) aeaia iaoiaeeea ia
aei?aaey?;

• ?acoeueoao ei?aeoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae onoaiiaee aeeno?aeoi?a: iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiith ? onoaiiaea aeeno?aeoi?a c iaeneiaeueiei iaaeeaeaiiyi eiai
aei in? o?aaoa ? iaia’yceiai ia 1-2 o?aaoe? aeua iaeo?aeueiiai.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e i?iaiicoaaii?
aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaii? iia?aoeaii? ei?aeoe?? neie?ioe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? oa iaa?oiooaaii? iieacaiue aei o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy
neie?ico o ae?oae.

Iane?aeee o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo
o?aaoa oa iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy aoee aea/ai? o 59 oai?eo o oa?i?ie
a?ae 3 aei 20 ?ie?a (oaae. 1, 2).

Oaaeeoey 1. — ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo
o?aaoa

?aioaaiieia?/i? Na?aaei? iieacieeeEi?aeoe?y Iane?aeee e?eoaaiiyAo?aoa
i/i iieacieeeaei iia?aoe??i?ney iia?aoe??(%)na?aaei? iieacieee

o a?aeaeaeai? oa?i?ieei?aeoe?y (%)ei?aeoe?? (%)Eoo iaoeeo
LV13,42±2,562,01±2,3885,024,31±2,9467,8817,14Oi?n?y
LIV14,98±2,448,26±3,0844,5210,25±2,9531,1613,36Eeeiiiiae?ai?noue aeeneo
LIII-LIV0,56±2,130,32±1,9442,860,36±2,1235,717,15

Oaaeeoey 2 — ?iciiae?e oai?eo ca ?acoeueoaoaie o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??
iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy

Aaee/eia aee?eaeaiiyE?euee?noue oai?eoNa?aaeiy aaee/eia eooa
aee?eaeaiiyei?aeoe?y (%)Iane?aeee e?eoaaiiyAo?aoa i/i Anueiai%aei
iia?aoe??i?ney iia?aoe??na?aaeiy aaee/eia aee?eaeaiiyei?aeoe?y
(%)ei?aeoe??
(%)25-30°610,1727,33±2,272,67±1,9890,234,28±2,5184,345,8931-40°1830,5136
,76±2,985,35±2,1485,4512,18±3,1766,8718,5841-45°1830,5143,26±2,1715,48±2
,2364,2229,32±3,5132,2232,0046-50°1016,9549,21±1,9525,32±1,1848,5544,18±
2,2110,2238,3351-60°711,8653,14±1,2129,54±1,8744,4159,26±1,98-10,3354,74
Anueiai5910038,52±2,1215,67±1,8966,5729,84±2,6840,829,9

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui i?aeoe/ii o an?o oai?eo o
a?aeaeaeai? oa?i?ie i?ney o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy caa?aaeany
i?neyiia?aoe?eia ei?aeoe?y iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy ? aaceniiai
a?aeae?eo o?aaoa. O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee a?aeaoaaeany ao?aoa
i?neyiia?aoe?eii? ei?aeoe??, ie aea/eee i?e/eie, ye? aieeaathoue ia oeae
i?ioean.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueia ao?aoa ei?aeoe?? iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy
aoea o oai?eo c iii- iv nooiaiai oyaeeino? caoai?thaaiiy, aea ia
aaeaeiny ia 100% onoiooe eoo iaoeeo LV, ?ioaoe?th LIV ?
eeeiiiiae?ai?noue aeeneo LIV-LV.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? ?ethno?othoue ?ieue aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa a
i?ioean? ?icaeoeo neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? oa aeacothoue ia
iaiao?aei?noue ei?aeoe?? oa noaa?e?caoe?? aacenieo no?oeoo? i?e
o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico.

Aiae?c aeeiai?ee naiiei?aeoe?? a?oaeii? e?eaecie o a?aeaeaeai? oa?i?ie
i?ney o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? oa noaa?e?caoe?? iiia?aeiai? aeoae
aee?eaeaiiy ? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa iieacaa, ui o an?o oai?eo
aaee/eia eooa aeaoi?iaoe?? a?oaeii? e?eaecie o a?aeaeaeai? oa?i?ie i?ney
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ia ia?aaeuoaaea iieaciee?a aei iia?aoe??.

I?iaaaeai? ee?i?/ia, ?aioaaiieia?/ia ? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ia ioe?iee
iane?aee?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy neie?ico iieacaee ?ica?aei?noue
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo. Oae, iai?eeeaae, i?e ao?ao? i?neyiia?aoe?eii?
ei?aeoe?? ia 38% ee?i?/ii a?aei?/aany a?aei?iiee ?acoeueoao ? iaaiaee —
i?e caaeia?eueieo ?aioaaiieia?/ieo iieacieeao a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao oai??
nea?aeeeeny ia aeeneiioi?o a ae?eyioe? o?aaoa, ? naiiioe?iea
?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy aoea ieae/a ia’?eoeaieo iieaciee?a.

Ona aeuaaeeeaaeaia noaei i?eaiaeii aeey noai?aiiy eiiieaenii? nenoaie
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? ioe?iee iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy neie?ico, yea
aeeth/aea ae ?aioaaiieia?/i? iieacieee ioe?iee ca aaeueiith nenoaiith o
a?aenioeao.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie cai?iiiiiaaii? eiiieaenii? nenoaie iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii?
ioe?iee iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy neie?ico a a?oi? i?iiia?iaaieo oai?eo,
iie?auaiiy oa noaa?e?caoe?y i?ioeano aoee a?aei?/ai? o 47 oai?eo
(79,7%), a i?ia?anoaaiiy — o 12 oai?eo (20,3%).

Oe? aeai? iieacothoue, ui ei?aeoe?y oa noaa?e?caoe?y aaceniiai a?aeae?eo
o?aaoa ia o?eueee iathoue aaciina?aaei?e aieea ia aei?aaeaiiy iniiaii?
aeoae aee?eaeaiiy, aea, ui naia aieiaia, caiia?aathoue ao?ao?
i?neyiia?aoe?eii? ei?aeoe?? ? iiaeaeueoiio i?ia?anoaaiith aeaoi?iaoe??.

A oie aea /an, aiae?c a?aeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a eiina?aaoeaiiai
e?eoaaiiy i?ia?anoth/eo oi?i iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico
a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oai?eo ca cai?iiiiiaaiith eiiieaeniith nenoaiith
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? ioe?iee iane?aee?a iieacaa, ui o 77,8% aeiaaee?a
a?aei?/aeiny i?ia?anoaaiiy i?ioeano, a iie?auaiiy ianoaaaei eeoa o 8,9%
aeiaaee?a.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? aeacothoue ia i?aaeeuei?noue ia?aii? oaeoeee
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aoaeoeai?noue nai?/anii?
o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? oa noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa ye
niiniao i?io?eaeoeee i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai
neie?ico.

Aeniiaee

1. Ci?ie a aiaoii?/i?e aoaeia? o?aaoa o oai?eo ia iiia?aeiaee ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaee neie?ic iiaeooue aooe iaoiii?oieia?/iei noano?aoii ?
a?iiaoai?/iith ia?aaeoiiaith aeey i?ia?anoaaiiy neie?ico.

2. Nooi?iue oyaeeino? neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? o oai?eo ia
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaee ? iiia?aeiaee neie?ic aecia/a?oueny, ii?yae ?c
caaaeueiei eooii aee?eaeaiiy, oaeeie iieacieeaie ci?i aaceniiai
a?aeae?eo o?aaoa, ye eoo iaoeeo LIV, LV; ?ioaoe?y LIV, LV;
eeeiiiiae?ai?noue i?aeo?aaoeaaiai aeeneo LIV.

3. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aaee/ei? eooa iaoeeo LV a?eueoa 15° o an?o
oai?eo ia iiia?aeiaee ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaee neie?ic ianoaei i?ia?anoaaiiy.
Oea aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe aeaio ?aioaaiieia?/io iciaeo ye iani?eyoeeao ?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? ye i?iaiinoe/io.

4. I?e aaee/ei? eooa iaoeeo LV ia a?eueoa 15° ? iniiaii? aeoae
aee?eaeaiiy ia a?eueoa 40° aoaeoeai?noue o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??
neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa i?e iiia?aeiaeo ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaeo neie?icao iiaeeeaa ia 85-90%.

5. Aeeno?aeoe?ei? coneeey aeeno?aeoi??a oeio Oa???iaoiia, Eacuei?ia oa
?i iiae?aieo ia caaacia/othoue aeinoaoiueiai aeaoi?n?eiiai aoaeoo i?e
aaee/ei? oi?n?? a?eueoa 20°.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaia eiiieaenia nenoaia iaaeeei-nioe?aeueii? ioe?iee
iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy neie?ico aeeth/a? oi?o?eiaaio oa?i?iieia?th oa
ioe?ii/io oeaeo, yea aeicaiey? e?euee?nii a?aeia?aceoe aanue niaeo?
niiaoe/iiai ? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai noaio iaoe??ioa, ? iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaia ye a i?aeoe/ieo, oae ? a iaoeiaeo oe?eyo.

7. I?e o??o?a?/i?e ei?aeoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa
i?e i?ia?anoth/eo oi?iao iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico
iaea?aeaii «iie?ioaiiy» oa «noaa?e?caoe?y» i?ioeano a 79,9% aeiaaee?a,
oiae? ye i?e eiina?aaoeaiiio e?eoaaii? oe? ?acoeueoaoe neeaee 8,9%.

8. Iieacaiiyi aeey o??o?a?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico ? oae? ?aioaaiieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee:
aaee/eia iniiaii? aeoae aee?eaeaiiy a?eueoa 20°, eoo iaoeeo LIV aei 15°,
eeeiiaeaei?noue aeeneo LIV aei 0,7, ?ioaoe?eiee niiiaeeeie?noac LIV aei
0,6.

9. Noaa?e?caoe?y aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa ia ?aii?o noaae?yo ?icaeoeo
neie?ico (II, III nooi?iue ca A.Ae.*aee?iei) aeicaiey? ia?a?eaaoe aai
nooo?ai oiia?eueithaaoe iaoieia?/iee i?ioean ? iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye
niin?a o??o?a?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico.

Nienie i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Oaa/aiei N.Ae., Na?aethe N.A., Iaeia I.I. Oe?o?ae/aneay i?ioeeaeoeea
i?ia?anne?iaaiey neieeica o aeaoae // I?oiiaae., o?aaiaoie.-
1999.-?2.-N. 33-36.

2. Na?aethe N.A. Eiiieaeniay eeeieei-?aioaaiieiae/aneay nenoaia ioeaiee
enoiaeia oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aieueiuo neieeicii // I?iaeaiu,
aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e
i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey: O?. EAIO.- O. 134, *.1. — Neioa?iiieue,
1998.- N. 229-235.

3. Na?aethe N.A. Aiaeec ioeaie e ineiaeiaiee i?e oe?o?ae/aneii ea/aiee
neieeica o aeaoae // I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey
iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey: O?. EAIO.-
O. 135, *.??.- Neioa?iiieue, 1999.- N. 152-153.

4. Aa?oei?i A.ss., Iaeia I.I., Na?aethe N.I. O??o?a?/ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy
?iaae?aeecaoe?? ae?oae c i?ia?anoth/ith oi?iith neie?ico // XII c’?cae
o?aaiaoieia?a-i?oiiaae?a Oe?a?ie: Iaoa?. c’?caeo.-Ee?a, 1996.-N.
203-205.

5. Na?aethe N.A., Aa?oeiei A ss., Iaeia I.I. I?eiaiaiea eaca?iiai
eceo/aiey aeey ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo neieeicii a ?aiiai
iineaiia?aoeeiiiii ia?eiaea //Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeaoneie eo?i?oieiaee:
Iaoa?. thaee. eiio., iinayu. 60-eaoeth Aaiaoi?eeneiai aeaoneiai
eo?i?oa.- Aaiaoi?ey, 1996. — N.67.

6. Aa?oeiei Ass., Na?aethe N.A., Einoaoeeee A.O. E aii?ino i oece/aneii
?acaeoee aeaoae, no?aaeathueo i?ia?anne?othuae oi?iie neieeica //
Oaeeeiaiea eiia/iinoae e caiauaiea aeaoaeoia einoae: Iaoa?. aeiee. 1-e
Iaaeaeoia?., 5-e ?ani. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio.- sseoa, 1996.-N.112-113.

7. Na?aethe N.A., Aa?oeiei A.ss.. Iaeia I.I., Oa?iiia TH.A. Iaeioi?ua
iaoiaaiaoe/aneea aniaeou oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee aeenieanoe/aneiai
iiynie/iiai neieeica o aeaoae // Iiaia a i?oiiaaeeee, o?aaiaoieiaee e
eiiaonoeieiaee: Iaoa?. aeiee. ?ani. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio.
o?aaiaoieiaia-i?oiiaaeia E?uia, iinayu. iaiyoe i?io. A.E.Aeeneoiiaa.
-sseoa, 1997.-N.89.

8. E?aaeeiia A.E., A?aoia A.I., Na?aethe N.A., Oeaoea A.E., Aeenaaa N.A.
Aiciiaeiinoe e ia?niaeoeau i?eiaiaiey eiiiuethoa?iie oiiia?aoee i?e
caaieaaaieyo e iia?aaeaeaieyo iicaiii/ieea //Oaa?e/aneee iaaeeei-aeie.
aanoi.-1998.-?2.- N .95-96.

9. Na?aethe N.A. Oaeoi?u ?enea aeaeueiaeoaai i?ia?anne?iaaiey neieeica
iinea oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aieueiuo n iacaaa?oaiiui ?inoii
//Aa?oaa?ieiaey-i?iaeaiu, iienee, ?aoaiey: Iao/. eiio. e 30-eaoeth
eeeieee iaoieiaee iicaiii/ieea OeEOI.-I., 1998.- N.53-54.

AIIOAOeIss

Na?aethe N.I. O??o?a?/ia i?io?eaeoeea i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ?
a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.21- o?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y, Oa?e?anueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia?? ?i i?io. I.?.
Neoaiea IIC Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeo o??o?a?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee
i?ia?anoaaiiy iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico o ae?oae ia
iniia? ei?aeoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa.

I?iaiae?ciaai? iane?aeee iia?aoeaiiai ? eiina?aaoeaiiai iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy neie?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??. A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaia
iaiao?aei?noue ei?aeoe?? oa noaa?e?caoe?? aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa i?e
i?ia?anoth/eo oi?iao iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico o ae?oae
ia ?aii?o noaae?yo oai?iae (II, III nooi?iue ca A.Ae. *aee?iei).
Iaea?aeai? aeai? eyaee a iniiao ?ic?iaee iieacaiue aeey o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy neie?ico. Aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? oa noaa?e?caoe??
aaceniiai a?aeae?eo o?aaoa ye niiniao i?io?eaeoeee i?ia?anoaaiiy
iiia?aeiaiai ? a?oaeiiiia?aeiaiai neie?ico.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neie?ic, i?ia?anoaaiiy, o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy, ae?oe.

AIIIOAOeEss

Na?aethe N.A. Oe?o?ae/aneay i?ioeeaeoeea i?ia?anne?iaaiey iiynie/iiai e
a?oaeiiiynie/iiai neieeica. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.21- o?aaiaoieiaey e i?oiiaaeey, Oa?ueeianeee
iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo i?oiiaaeee e o?aaiaoieiaee ei. i?io.
I.E. Neoaiei, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iaoiaea oe?o?ae/aneie i?ioeeaeoeee
i?ia?anne?iaaiey iiynie/iiai e a?oaeiiiynie/iiai neieeica o aeaoae ia
iniiaa ei??aeoeee e noaaeeecaoeee aaceniiai ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea.

Aiaeec eeeieei-?aioaaiieiae/aneeo aeaiiuo enneaaeoaiiai iaoa?eaea
iieacae, /oi i?ia?anne?iaaiea iiynie/iiai e a?oaeiiiynie/iiai neieeica
nii?iaiaeaeaaony ia?anoathueie eciaiaieyie i?ino?ainoaaiiuo
acaeiiioiioaiee aiaoiie/aneeo no?oeoo? aaceniiai ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea.
?aioaiieiae/anee yoi i?iyaeyaony oaaee/aieai oaeeo iieacaoaeae, eae oaie
iaeeiia LIV, LV, eeeiiaeaeiinoue iaaeiicaiii/iiai aeenea LIV, LV,
?ioaoeeiiiue niiiaeeeieenoac LIV. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e oaea iaeeiia LV
aieaa 15° o anao aieueiuo n iiynie/iui e a?oaeiiiynie/iui neieeicii
ianooiaao ?aceia i?ia?anne?iaaiea aeaoi?iaoeee. A oiaea enneaaeiaaiee
ioia/aii, /oi ia o?iaia LIV-LV ii?aaeaeyaony iaeaieaa eeeiiaeaeii
eciaiaiiue iaaeiicaiii/iue aeene ii ioiioaieth e auoaeaaeauei, ii c
iniiaaieai, ia?auaiiui a i?ioeaiiieiaeioth noi?iio. Enneaaeiaaiey
iieacaee, /oi i?ia?anne?iaaiea neieeioe/aneie aeaoi?iaoeee iiynie/iie e
a?oaeiiiynie/iie eieaeecaoeee nii?iaiaeaeaaony oaaee/aieai ?ioaoeeiiiiai
niiiaeeeieenoaca iiynie/iuo iicaiieia, iaeneiaeueii au?aaeaiiiai ia
o?iaia LIV.

Aiaeec iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo aeieacuaaao, /oi eciaiaiey i?ino?ainoaaiiuo
acaeiiioiioaiee aiaoiie/aneeo no?oeoo? aaceniiai ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea
iiaoo auoue iaoiii?oieiae/aneei noano?aoii e aeiiaoaie/aneie
i?aaeiinueeie aeey i?ia?anne?iaaiey neieeica, /oi oeacuaaao ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue eo ei??aeoeee i?e oe?o?ae/aneii ea/aiee iiynie/iiai e
a?oaeiiiynie/iiai neieeica.

Anai aieueiui i?iaiaeeeinue iia?aoeaiia aiaoaoaeuenoai ii neaaeothuae
noaia: ei??aeoeey aaceniiai ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea e iniiaiie aeoae
ene?eaeaiey n iiiiuueth aeeno?aeoi?ia oeia Eacueieia, Oeauaiei,
Oa??eiaoiia eee eo iiaeeoeeaoeee; iii?iua yeaiaiou iaoaeeieiino?oeoeee
onoaiiaeaiu aaa?oo — ia iaeei-aeaa iicaiiea auoa iaeo?aeueiiai, aieco —
ia e?uei iiaeacaeioiie einoe eee aieiaoth ianno e?anooea, ?aniieaaay
aeeno?aeoi? iaeneiaeueii ia?aeeaeueii ine iicaiii/ieea; i?iaiaeeony
ouaoaeueiue niiiaeeeiaeac aeoaiio?ino/aouo nonoaaia; n iiiiuueth
aooio?ainieaioaoa inouanoaeyaony caaeiee niiiaeeeiaeac iniiaiie aeoae
ene?eaeaiey e aaceniiai ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea; i?ioyaeaiiinoue
niiiaeeeiaeaca ?ani?ino?aiyaony aaa?oo -ia iaeei-aeaa iicaiiea auoa
iaeo?aeueiiai, aieco — iaycaoaeueii aei o?iaiy SI.

Aiaeec enoiaeia oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee e noaaeeecaoeee aaceniiai
ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea iieacae, /oi i?aeoe/anee o anao aieueiuo a
ioaeaeaiiua n?iee iinea oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey nio?aieeanue
iineaiia?aoeeiiiay ei??aeoeey iniiaiie aeoae ene?eaeaiey e aaceniiai
ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea. A oao neo/ayo, aaea i?iecioea iioa?y
iineaiia?aoeeiiiie ei??aeoeee, iu eco/eee i?e/eiu, aeeythuea ia yoio
i?ioeann.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeneiaeueiay iioa?y ei??aeoeee iniiaiie aeoae
ene?eaeaiey auea o aieueiuo n III-IV noaiaiueth oyaeanoe caaieaaaiey,
aaea ia oaeaeinue ia 100% ono?aieoue oaie iaeeiia iyoiai iiynie/iiai
iicaiiea, ?ioaoeeth /aoaa?oiai iiynie/iiai iicaiiea e eeeiiaeaeiinoue
aeenea LIV, LV.

Yoe aeaiiua eeethno?e?otho ?ieue aaceniiai ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea a
i?ioeanna i?ia?anne?iaaiey neieeioe/aneie aeaoi?iaoeee e oeacuaatho ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue ei??aeoeee e noaaeeecaoeee aaceniuo no?oeoo? i?e
oe?o?ae/aneii ea/aiee iiynie/iiai e a?oaeiiiynie/iiai neieeica.

I?aaeeiaeaia eiiieaeniay nenoaia iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiie ioeaiee enoiaeia
ea/aiey neieeica, aeeth/athuay eeeie/aneea, ?aioaaiieiae/aneea e
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea iieacaoaee.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai i?aaeeiaeaiiie nenoaiu ioeaiee i?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue
aiaeec enoiaeia oe?o?ae/aneiai e eiina?aaoeaiiai ea/aiey aieueiuo n
iiynie/iui eee a?oaeiiiynie/iui neieeicii. Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua
iieacuaatho, /oi a a?oiia i?iiia?e?iaaiiuo aieueiuo oeo/oaiea e
noaaeeecaoeey i?ioeanna auee ioia/aiu o 47 aieueiuo (79,7%), a
i?ia?anne?iaaiea — o 12 aieueiuo (20,3%). A oi a?aiy eae n?aaee
iaoeeaioia, i?iea/aiiuo eiina?aaoeaii, oeo/oaiea ianooiaei oieueei o
8,9%, a i?ia?anne?iaaiea ioia/aeinue o 77,8% neo/aaa.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee oeacuaatho ia i?aaeeueiinoue aua?aiiie oaeoeee
ea/aiey e iiaeoaa?aeaeatho yooaeoeaiinoue oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee e
noaaeeecaoeee aaceniiai ioaeaea iicaiii/ieea, eae niiniaa i?ioeeaeoeee
i?ia?anne?iaaiey iiynie/iiai e a?oaeiiiynie/iiai neieeica.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neieeic, i?ia?anne?iaaiea, oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea,
aeaoe.

SUMMARY

Serdyuk S.A. Surgical prophylaxis of lumbar and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis
progression.- Manuscript.

Dissertation is done in the form of the manuscript for the degree of
Candidate of Science (Medicine) on the speciality 14.01.21-traumatology
and orthopaedics, Kharkov Scientific- Research institute of Orthopaedics
and Traumatology named after Prof. Siteriko M.I., Kharkov, 1999.

Thesis devoted to elaboration of surgical prophylaxis of lumbar and
thoraco-lumbar scoliosis progression children on basis of correction and
stabilization of spine basic department.

It were analysed outcome of conservative methods of scoliotic diformity
treatment. In thesis was based the necessity of correction and
stabilization of spine basic department at the progressing forms of
lumbar and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis in children on the early stages of
development of disease (II, III degree on V.D. Chaklin). Received data
underlied of evidences elaboration for surgical prophylaxis treatment of
scoliosis. It was proved effectiveness of correction and stabilization
of spine basic department, as a method of prophylaxis lumbar and
thoraco-lumbar scoliosis progression.

Key words: scoliosis, progression, surgical treatment, children.

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