?INOEOOO AIOAI?EE ?I. I.A. OIEIAeIIAI

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

Ae A I * A I E I

AAeOA?Ae IEEIEAEIAE*

OAeE 582.232:001.4

A?OIOIA? AIAeI?INO? E?N?A OE?A?INUeEIAI IIE?NNss

03.00.05 — aioai?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

AIEOTHE TH??E IEAENAIAe?IAE*

Ee?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e aioai?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IANTHE IAAe?ss I?IOI??AIA

?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

*A?AAEI NOAI?NEAA IAO?IAE*

Iae?oiiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
aioai?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
aioai?ee,

i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25“ n?/iy 1999 ?. i 1200 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.211.01

?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie

ca aae?anith: 252601, i. Ee?a, INI-1, aoe. Oa?auaie?anueea, 2

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?

?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie

ca aae?anith: 252025, i. Ee?a, aoe. A. AEeoiie?nueea, 28

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 “ a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?eue?inueea A.I.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? — oea aeieia?/ia oa?oioaaiiy
oioio?ioieo i?aai?ci?a, aeeooy yeeo iino?eii iia’ycaia c oiauath a?oioo.
Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae — i?e?ineii?/i? ia’?eoe,
ye? i?enooi? a aoaeue-yeiio a?oio?. Aiaei?ino? aa?ooue aeoeaio o/anoue o
a?oioiooai?thth/eo i?ioeanao, aieeaathoue ia eeniaaee ?aaeei,
aeoeaiinoue oa ?iaeth/inoue a?oioia, ? iiiia?aie ca?inoaiiy aacieiaeieo
noano?aoia i ia?oith eaieith o?ioi/iiai eaioethaa.

A?oioia? aiaei?ino? iiaeooue oni?oii canoiniaoaaoeny aeey ae??oaiiy
iaoeiaeo, i?e?iaeiioi?iiieo caaaeaiue oa aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o ia?iaeiiio
ainiiaea?noa?. Oa?oioaaiiy a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae ? c?o/ieie
a?i?iaeeeaoi?aie ??cieo a?oioiaeo i?ioean?a, aiaeiiai, aaciaiai oa
nieueiaiai ?aaeei?a, aio?iiiaaiiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oio?a oiui (Ooeia,
Aieea?aao, 1976; Ooeia, 1991). Aiaei?inoi iiaeooue oni?oii
canoiniaoaaoenue aeey caaaa/aiiy a?oioo acioii, iiaeaeuaiiy eiai
aiaeio?eaeinoi oa aiaeioo?eioth/i? caeaoiinoi, ?aeoeueoeaaoei?
aio?iiiaaiii ii?ooaieo a?oioia, caoenoo a?oioia aiae a?ici? oa c iaoith
ae??oaiiy i?iaeai ioi?iie i?e?iaee (ioe?iea oiene/iino? a?oio?a,
?ic?iaea iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiae?a caieaei?enooaaiiy oa ?i.)
(Iineae/, 1969, 1972, 1973; Ia?ouiiaa, 1988; Ooeia 1991; Lukesova,
Komarek, 1987; Lukesova, 1993). Ana oea aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? a?oie aiaei?inoae.

Oni?oia aeei?enoaiiy a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae a cacia/aieo iai?yieao
aaeueio?oueny iaaeinoaoiueith aea/ai?noth a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae aeayeeo
?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie, cie?aia, Oe?a?inueeiai Iieinny (OI). Iaa?oue a a?oioao
aoaeiiieo oa?eoi??e OI — caiia?aeiee?a oa caeaciee?a, aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae ua ia ?icii/ao?. Aeaia oa?eoi??y i?aeeyaa?
cia/iiio aio?iiiaaiiiio aieeao, cie?aia caa?oaeiaiiy a?oio?a
?aae?iioee?aeaie (*i?iiaeeuenueea ciia ?icoaoiaaia naia ia oa?eoi???
OI), oiio i?iaaaeaiiy a?oioiai-aeueaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o oeueiio
?aa?ii? ae?ae iaiao?aeia.

Ia?oei aoaiii aea/aiiy aiaei?inoae aoaeue-yeiai ?aa?iio ? anoaiiaeaiiy
?o aeaeiaiai neeaaeo, aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo aeueaioa?oioaaiue oa c’ynoaaiiy
niaoeeo?ee aeaii? aeueaioei?e.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a iaaeao iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e aioai?ee Ee?anueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. ?iaioa aoea
naiino?eiei ?icae?eii i?iaeoo ?5.3/194 «Oei?iaaiaoe/i? eiiieaene
a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae Oe?a?ie» Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?e AeEIO Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoei anoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a OI,
c’ynoaaiiy ?? iniaeeainoae oa aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo aeueaioa?oioaaiue
a?oioia ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c iaoe, aoee iinoaaeai?
ianooii? caaaeaiiy.

Anoaiiaeoe aeaeiaee neeaae aiaei?inoae o a?oioao ?aeiio aeineiaeaeaiiy
oa ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?ieo ? i?ea?iaeueieo aeaieo neeanoe eiiniaeo oei?e
a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae OI.

I?iaanoe oei?enoe/iee aiae?c a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e ?aa?iio oa ??
neeaaeiaeo — ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?.

Iienaoe oa i?iaiaeicoaaoe iniiaii aeueaioa?oioaaiiy a?oio?a e?n?a OI.

Ei?enooth/enue noai?aiith aacith aeaieo i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
aiaei?inoae o a?oioao ??cieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo cii Oe?a?ie, aeyaeoe
niaoeeo?eo a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a OI.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii nenoaiaoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a OI. Aeyaeaii 232 aeaee aiaei?inoae, na?aae
yeeo 171 aeae aia?oa aiaeii/aiee aeey a?oioia aeaiiai ?aa?iio, ui
neeaaea? 62% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aeyaeaieo ooo aeae?a. Na?aae ieo
— 43 aeaee aia?oa iaaiaeyoueny aeey a?oio?a Oe?a?ie, 23 — aeey
aeueaioei?e Oe?a?ie caaaeii, a 2 aeaee — Chloromonas prokudinii Kostikov
& Demczenko (Kostikov, Demchenko, 1994) oa Chlorococcum papillatum
Demczenko (Aeai/aiei, 1996) iienai? ye iia? aeey iaoee. Aia?oa neeaaeaii
eiiniaeo oei?e aiaei?inoae a?oio?a OI. I?iaaaeaii oei?enoe/iee,
o?oioeaiioe/iee oa aiae?c aaoa?iaaiiino? aeaeiaiai neeaaeo a?oioiaeo
aiaei?inoae aeaiiai ?aa?iio. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aiae?c?a aia?oa
aeae?eaii oa iienaii 7 iaea?eueo oeiiaeo aeueaioa?oioaaiue e?n?a OI, c
yeeo iaea?eueoeie ca aeaeiaei aaaaonoaii oa nai???aei?noth
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeueaioa?oioaaiiy e?n?a Iie?nueeiai caiia?aeieea.
Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ca aeaeiaei neeaaeii iaea?eueo aeecuee? i?ae
niaith aeueaioei?e Ee?anueeiai oa *a?i?a?anueeiai Iie?nny, a ia
?iciianthaeaeaiiy a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae o iaaeao OI, ia?o ca ana aieeaa?
aaia?ao?/ia oe?ioa ?, o iaio?e i???, aaia?ao?/ia aeiaaioa. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui a?oioia?e aeueaioei?? e?n?a OI aeanoeaa aeniea ??ciiiai?oi?noue
Chlamydomonadaceae, Chlorococcaceae, Chlorellaceae, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey
a?oioiaeo aeueaioei? e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a ai?aaeueiai iiyno, oa aeyaeaii
iaea?eueoo noiae?noue c aeueaioei?aie e?n?a E?ninoaio oa Oe?a?inueeeo
Ea?iao. Niaoeeo?/iith iniaeea?noth aeine?aeaeaii? aeueaioei?e ?
i?aeaeuaia ??ciiiai?ooy Chlorosarcinaceae, Chaetophoraceae oa ?iae?a
Carteria ? Leptosira. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii ca’ycie o ?iciiae?e? a?oioiaeo
aiaei?inoae a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaaieo i?aiaioieo oa ii?oieia?/ieo a?oi o
??cieo e?niaeo o?oioeaiicao OI. O i?aaenoaaiee?a Chlamydophyceae aia?oa
iienaii iiaee oei ae?eaiiy ee?oei — iiia?a/iei iiae?eii iiiaaeieo ee?oei
c ee?oeiiith iaieiieith. Neeaaeaii i?ea?iaeuei? iiene i?noeaaeo
iiioeyoe?e 54 aeae?a a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oa?eoee aei ca?oo oaie
i?iaeoo ?5.3/194 «Oei?iaaiaoe/i? eiiieaene a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae
Oe?a?ie» Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e AeEIO
Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeooue aeei?enoai? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? oei?enoe/ieo caaaeaiue oa aecia/iee?a, neeaaeaii?
aecia/ieea a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae Oe?a?ie. Aeai? i?i iniiai? ia?aiao?e
aeyaeaieo aeueaioa?oioaaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye oiiia? i?e
i?iaaaeaiii ?iciiiaiioieo aeieiai/ieo aenia?oec iaoiaeaie
aeueai?iaeeeaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae
e?n?a OI aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean? o eo?n? eaeoe?e c
a?oioiai? aeueaieia?? aeey nooaeaio?a a?ieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeey aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe caeiaoaa/ai
i?iaaaeaii 12 aeniaaeeoe?e o Aieeinueeo, AEeoiie?nueeo, Ee?anueeo,
*a?i?a?anueeo oa Noinueeo iaeano?, c?a?aii 92 ia’?aeiai?
a?oioiai-aeueaieia?/i? c?acee. I?iaaaeaii eaia?aeueio ia?iaeo c?a?aiiai
iaoa??aeo, c?iaeaii iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e, aeaoaeueii aea/aii
ii?oieia?/i? iciaee aaaaoaoeaieo oa aaia?aoeaieo noaae?e, a oaeiae
aeine?aeaeaii aeeooaa? oeeeee aeayeeo aeyaeaieo aeae?a. Aeae?eaii oa
aeine?aeaeaii a?ey 300 ooai?a aeueaieiae/ii /enoeo eoeueoo?, ia iniia?
yeeo c?iaeaii i?ea?iaeuei? iiene 54 aeae?a i?noeaaeo iiioeyoe?e
a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae. Iienaii iiaee aeey iaoee aeae — Chlorococcum
papillatum. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeueaioei?e, aeyaeaii aeueaioa?oioaaiiy
aeine?aeaeaieo a?oio?a, noai?aii eiiniaeo oei?e a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae
OI. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? o 10 ?iaioao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia o?noueio eiioa?aioe?yo, a oiio
/ene? — 2-o i?aeia?iaeieo: “1st European Phycological Congress”
(Cologne, 1996); “E?nioaoi?/ia iaoea ? ina?oa ia ?oaaae? XXI noie?ooy:
no/aniee noai, i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae” (Euea?a, 1995); “I?aenoiee 70-oe
??/ii? ae?yeueiino? Eai?anueeiai caiia?aeieea oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
caiia?aeii? ni?aae a Oe?a?i?” (Eai?a, 1993); “I?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiainoai?aieo caiia?aeiee?a” (A?eiaee?a, 1995);
“Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu aioaieee e yeieiaee” (Oa?ueeia, 1996); “Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy aioai?ee oa aeieia??” (Oa?nii, 1998) oa can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
aioai?ee Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea
i?ioyaii 1990-1998 ??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 10 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c ieo 4 noaoo? o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao (iaeia o ni?aaaoi?noa?),
cie?aia, “Aeueaieia?y”, “Oe?a?inueeee aioai?/iee aeo?iae”, “Iaoeiaee
a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo” oa 6 oac aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo eeoa?aoo?e (261 ae?oeiaaia
i?aoey) ? aeiaeaoeo. Oaenoiaa /anoeia ?iaioe caeia? 149 noi??iie,
?ethno?iaaia 14 oaaeeoeyie ? 11 oaenoiaeie ?enoieaie oa
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeiaeaoieii A — “I?e?ioioia?ao?? oa ?enoiee aeayeeo
aeae?a aiaei?inoae, ciaeaeaieo a a?oioao Oe?a?inueeiai Iieinny”, ui
i?noeoue 31 a?eoo i?ea?iaeueieo 158 i?e?ioioia?ao?e 70 aeae?a oa 43
a?eoo? c 384 i?ea?iaeueieie ?ethno?aoe?yie (?enoieaie) 84 aeae?a
ciaeaeaieo aiaei?inoae.

?icae?e 1. Noai aea/aiino? a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

A?aei?/aii, ui ca oei?enoeei-nenoaiaoe/iei oa aeieiai-oeaiieiai/iei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae, Oe?a?ia ? ia nueiaiaeii iaeii?th
c iaeaieueo aea/aieo e?a?i naioo, a ?? a?oioao ciaeaeaii aiey iieiaeie
aeaeia naioiai? a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e. I?ioa, ?icii ?aaiiie Oe?a?ie
aea/aii aeoaea ia?iaiiii?ii (Nieiiaiei, 1995).

Ca eii’thoa?iith aacith aeaieo i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aiaei?inoae o
a?oioao Oe?a?ie, noai?aiith ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa
iaiioae?eiaaieo aeaieo ?.TH.Einoeeiaa, A.I.Nieiiaiea, I.I.?iiaiaiea,
A.A.Eaaaioey, O.I.Aea???iei I.A.?ea/einueeiai oa O.?.Ieoaeethe, aeey
a?oio?a Oe?a?ie iaaiaeeoueny 863 aeaee aiaei?inoae. A?oioiaa aeueaioei?a
OI aea/aia iaaeinoaoiuei (oaae. 1). Ia oaia?ioiie /an, ii aeaiie ciii
iioaeieiaaii eeoa i’youe i?aoeue (Eiiae?aoueaaa, 1951; Aiae?aaaa e ae?.,
1983; Eaae?ia, e ae?., 1991; Noaiaiia e ae?., 1994; Aiae?aaaa,
*aieuaeia, 1995). Caiaeii c iaaaaeaieie ?iaioaie, a a?oioao
Oe?a?inueeiai Iieinny aoei ciaeaeaii 82 aeaee aiaei?inoae.

Oaaeeoey 1 E?euee?noue aeae?a aiaei?inoae, ciaeaeaieo o a?oioao Oe?a?ie
oa ?? ie?aieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo cii (ca eiii’thoa?iith aacith aeaieo,
aac a?aooaaiiy aeaieo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aaoi?a)

O?ceei- E?euee?noue aeae?a o a?aeae?eao ?a-

aaia?ao?/-ia ciia Cyan. Chlor. Eugl. Xant. Bacil. Chrys. Crypt. Rhod.
cii

Iie?nny 7 61 0 10 4 0 0 0 82

E?ninoai 89 269 11 78 61 1 2 0 511

Noai 182 158 0 58 31 0 1 1 431

A??nueeee E?ei 47 66 0 30 7 0 0 0 150

Oe?a?inuee? Ea?iaoe 14 176 1 40 4 0 1 0 236

Oe?a?ia a oe?eiio 208 440 12 120 78 1 3 1 863

I?ei?oea: Nyan. — Cyanophyta, Chlor. — Chlorophyta, Eugl. —
Euglenophyta, Xant. — Xanthophyta, Bacil. — Bacillariophyta, Chrys. —
Chrysophyta, Crypt. — Cryptophyta, Rhod. — Rhodophyta

?icae?e 2. Ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea i?e?iaeieo oiia Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

Ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iiaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea aaia?ao?/iiai
iieiaeaiy, ?aeue?oo, ee?iaoo, a?ae?ia?ao??, a?oioiaiai iie?eao oa
?ineeiiino? Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny.

?icae?e 3. Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Iaoa??aeii aeey iaoi? ?iaioe iineoaeeea 91 ia’?aeiaia a?oioiaa i?iaa, ui
a?ae?a?aia ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith o a?oioia?e aeueaieia?? iaoiaeeeith
(Aieea?aao, Ooeia, 1969). I?iae aoee c?a?ai? i?ioyaii 1989-1996 ??. i?ae
/an noaoe?iia?ieo oa ia?o?ooieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?oio?a i?ae e?niaeie
o?oioeaiicaie ia oa?eoi??? OI. Eiaeia a?oioiaa i?iaa neeaaeaeany c 20-40
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo c?ace?a ieiuath 4 ni2 oa aeeaeiith 0-2 ni. A
*a?i?a?anueeiio Iie?nn? aoei a?ae?a?aii 20 ia’?aeiaieo a?oioiaeo i?ia,
Ee?anueeiio — 36, Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueeiio — 6, Aieeinueeiio (Oaoeueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee ia?e) — 11, AEeoiie?nueeiio (Iie?nueeee i?e?iaeiee
caiia?aeiee) — 18 i?ia.

Eaia?aeueia ii?aoethaaiiy c?a?aiiai iaoa??aeo i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith
eoeueoo?aeueieo iaoiae?a: a?oioiaeo eoeueoo? c? neaeueoeyie ia?inoaiue,
a?oioiai-aiaeieo eoeueoo? (Aieea?aao, Ooeia, 1969), a oaeiae
aaa?eciaaieo eoeueoo? ia na?aaeiaeuao Aieaea (c ii?iaeueiei oa iio??eiei
ai?noii acioo) (Arce, Bold, 1958). ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th aeaeiaiai neeaaeo
aiaei?inoae i?iaiaeeee ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy eoeueoo?, ia?aaaaeii
aeueaieia?/ii /enoeo. Aeey aecia/aiiy ae?aoiiiaeo aiaei?inoae aiooaaee
iino?ei? i?aia?aoe (Oiia/aaneee, Ianthe, 1984). Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
aoaeiae ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo noaae?e aiaei?inoae i?iaiaeeee o aeny/eo e?aieyo
? caeea?ieo ia?ao?iii i?aia?aoao (Ei?oeeia,1953).

Oei?enoe/iee aiae?c i?iaaaeaiee ca iaoiaeaie, i?eeiyoeie aeey aeueo
?ineei (Oieia/aa, 1974; TH?oeaa, 1987). Ia?oe?aeuei? aeueaioei?e a?oio?a
Iie?nny aeae?eai? ca oeiaie o?oioeaiic?a (Iiae/eiaa-Eaaiiaa, 1980).
Aeoeaii aaaaooth/? aeaee a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e aecia/aee oeyoii
?ic?aooieo ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy /anoioe o?aieyiiy a?ae?io?eueieo aeae?a
(Einoeeia, 1991). Aiae?c aaoa?iaaiiino? aeaeiaiai neeaaeo aiaei?inoae
i?iaiaeeee oeyoii iiaoaeiae aeaiae?eo?a oei?enoe/ii? ni?eueiino? ca
eiao?oe??ioii AEaeea?a (Iiae/eiaa-Eaaiiaa, 1980). Aeae?eaiiy
aeueaioa?oioaaiue a?oio?a OI i?iaiaeeee ia oei?enoe/i?e iniia?
(Einoeeia, 1989). I?e iien? aeueaioa?oioaaiue a?aoiaoaaee na?aaeith
e?euee?noue aeae?a ia i?iao, na?aaeith ??ciiiai?oi?noue aeae?a iniiaieo
oaenii?a, aeae?eyee eiiieaene aeae?a c aenieei o?aieyiiyi, a a ?o iaaeao
— iaea?eueo niaoeeo?/i? aeey aeaieo aeueaioa?oioaaiue. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ia IAII «IBM-486» ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?ai oa iaeao?a i?ia?ai Word 6.0
(Microsoft Corp.), FoxPro/LAN 2.0 (Fox Holdings 1989-91, Pat. Pend.),
Statistica 4.5 (StatSoft, Inc.), Access 2.0 (Microsoft Corp.). Iioe?aiiy
a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae o iaaeao Oe?a?ie aiae?coaaee ia iniia?
eiii’thoa?ii? aace aeaieo i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aiaei?inoae o a?oioao
Oe?a?ie, noai?aii? ia eaoaae?? aioai?ee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
i?ae ea??aieoeoaii e.a.i. ?.TH. Einoeeiaa.

Iaiao?aei? ?ic?aooiee i?iaaaeai? ia IBM-486 ca ?ic?iaeaieie ?.TH.
Einoeeiaei i?ia?aiaie oa aeai?eoiaie.

?icae?e 4. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

O aeaa? iaaaaeai? aeai? oei?enoe/iiai aiae?co aeueaioei?e e?n?a OI.

4.1. Nenoaiaoe/ia no?oeoo?a a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai
Iie?nny.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiy a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a OI, aoei
aeyaeaii 232 aeaee aiaei?inoae. Aeyaeaiiy aeae?a, oe?iei
?iciianthaeaeaieo a a?oioao ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ? aia?oa a?aei?/aieo
aeey a?oio?a OI, aeaco? ia iaaeinoaoith aea/ai?noue a?oioiaeo
aiaei?inoae OI. A oie aea /an iaiaeii?acia? ciao?aeee iiaeo, ?ai?o?
iaa?aeiieo aeey a?oio?a Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae iiaeo aeey iaoee aeae?a
aeacothoue ia cia/io niaoeeo?eo a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a ?aa?iio
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiao aeueaioei?e aeine?aeaeaieo a?oio?a neeaaeathoue 9 ?iaeei, ??aaiue
aeaeiaiai aaaaonoaa yeeo aeuee ca na?aaei?e iieaciee — 5 aeae?a (oaae.
2).

Iaea?eueoei ??ciiiai?ooyi oa?aeoa?ecothoueny 18 ?iae?a. Niaoeeo?/iith
iniaeea?noth ?iaeiai? no?oeoo?e ? iayai?noue na?aae i?ia?aeieo ?iae?a
Carteria oa Leptosira.

Oaaeeoey 2 I?ia?aei? ?iaeeie a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai
Iie?nny

I?noea ?iaeeia E?euee?noue aeae?a

caaaeueia a?aeiinia (%)

1 Chlamydomonadaceae 53 22.7

2 Chlorococcaceae 28 12.0

3 Chlorellaceae 23 9.9

4 Pleurochloridaceae 13 5.6

5 Neochloridaceae 12 5.2

6 Naviculaceae 10 4.3

7-9 Chlorosarcinaceae 6 3.0

7-9 Chaetophoraceae 6 3.0

7-9 Klebsormidiaceae 6 3.0

Anueiai ?iaeei — 47 Anueiai aeae?a — 232 (100%)

I?ia?aeieo ?iaeei — 9 O i?ia?aeieo ?iaeeiao — 162 (70%)

Aiae?c ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ciaeaeaieo aeae?a o a?oioao ??cieo cii Oe?a?ie
aeyaea, ui e?niaa a?oioiaa aeueaioei?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny aeeth/a?
aeaee, oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeai? a e?niaeo o?oioeaiicao e?ninoaiiai? ciie,
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao oa aeaee c iaea?eueoith /anoioith o?aieyiiy a OI. Ca
nenoaiaoe/iith no?oeoo?ith ia ??ai? a?aeae?e?a, a?oioiaa aeueaioei?a
e?n?a OI iaea?eueo iiae?aia aei oaeeo Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao oa
e?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie, iaea?aeaeaeai?oeie aeyaeeenue e?nia?
aeueaioei?e A??nueeiai E?eio ? noaiiai? ciie.

4.2. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? e?n?a ??cieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

A?aeiia?aeii aei o?ceei-aaia?ao?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy, o iaaeao OI
aeae?eythoue i’youe o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae, ye? nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoueny nai?ie i?e?iaeieie oiiaaie (Oeceei-aaia?aoe/aneia
?aeiie?iaaiea…, 1968): Aieeinueea, AEeoiie?nueea, Ee?anueea,
*a?i?a?anueea oa Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueea Iie?nny.

O aeaeiaiio a?aeiioaii? iae??ciiiai?oi?oeie ? aiaei?ino? *a?i?a?anueeiai
oa Ee?anueeiai Iie?nny, iaioa ??ciiiai?oi? — AEeoiie?nueeiai,
Aieeinueeiai oa Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueeiai. No?oeoo?e a?oioiaeo aeueaioei?
ia ??ai? a?aeae?e?a o ??cieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoyo aeyaeeenue
aeineoue iiae?aieie. Aeiyoeii ? eeoa aeueaioei?a Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueeiai
Iie?nny. I?eaa?oa? oaaao aeineoue iecueea ??ciiiai?oi?noue aiaei?inoae o
aeai?e iaeano?. I?eionea?ii, ui oea iia’ycaii c iaaaeeeith e?euee?noth
ia?iaeaieo a?oioiaeo i?ia a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie iaeanoyie Iie?nny, oiio
c iiaeaeueoiai ii??aiyiiy aeaia iaeanoue aoea aeeeth/aia ye
iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaia.

Ii??aiyiiy no?oeoo?e a?oioiaeo aeueaioei? ??cieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo
iaeanoae OI ia ??ai? i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei iieacaei, ui an? aiie
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ia?aaaaeaiiyi i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeeie
Chlamydomonadaceae. Aeineoue ??aiii??ii i?aaenoaaeai? ?iaeeie
Chlorococcaceae oa Chlorellaceae. Pleurochloridaceae, Neochloridaceae oa
Klebsormidiaceae, ca aeiyoeii Aieeinueeiai Iie?nny, aea aiie ia oa?eoee
aei neeaaeo i?ia?aeieo, oaeiae i?aaenoaaeai? iaeaea iaeiaeiai. Nooo?a?
a?aei?ie i?ae aeueaioei?aie ??cieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae
i?inoaaeothoueny a ?iciiae?e? ?iaeei Naviculaceae, Chlorosarcinaceae,
Chaetophoraceae, Myrmeciaceae oa Desmidiaceae. Aiae?c ?iaeei, ye?
oa?eoee aei i?ia?aeieo o ??cieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoyo
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny, na?ae/eoue i?i aeineoue aenieo iiae?ai?noue
a?oioiaeo aeueaioei? oeeo oa?eoi??e.

Ia ?iaeiaiio ??ai? oaeiae i?inoaaeothoueny aeaye? a?aei?iiino? a
no?oeoo?? aeueaioei?e ??cieo iaeanoae. A ia?oo /a?ao, i?eaa?oa? oaaao
??cia e?euee?noue i?ia?aeieo ?iae?a, ui oa?eoee aei neeaaeo a?oioiai?
aeueaioei?e o??? /e ?ioi? iaeano?. Iaeaaaaooith a oeueiio a?aeiioaii?
aeyaeeanue a?oioiaa aeueaioei?a *a?i?a?anueeiai Iie?nny (13 ?iae?a),
iaea?aei?oith — Aieeinueeiai (5). Aiae?c i?ia?aeieo ?iae?a oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeae?a aeoeaiiai eiiieaeno aeaco? ye ia caaaeuei?, oae
? niaoeeo?/i? ?ene o??? /e ?ioi? o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ii? iaeano? oa
nii??aeiai?noue a?oioiaeo aeueaioei? aeayeeo c ieo.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy nooiaiy nii??aeiaiino? aeueaioei? ??cieo
o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae OI, aoei i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy aeueaioei?
ca eiao?oe??ioii oei?enoe/ii? ni?eueiino? AEaeea?a ? iiaoaeiaaii
aeaiae?eo ni?eueiino? aeueaioei? (?en.1). sse aeaeii c ?enoieo, ca
aeaeiaei neeaaeii iaeaeeae/? i?ae niaith aeueaioei?e Ee?anueeiai oa
*a?i?a?anueeiai Iie?nny. Aei oeeo aeueaioei? i?e?aeiothoueny aiaei?ino?
AEeoiie?nueeiai (60%), a ia ??ai? 30% — Aieeinueeiai Iie?nny.

I?iaaaeai? aiae?ce oa ii??aiyiiy aeacothoue ia aeineoue aenieo
nii??aeiai?noue aeueaioei? ca nenoaiaoe/iith no?oeoo?ith ia ??ai?
a?aeae?e?a. Aeaui iaioo nii??aeiai?noue oa iayai?noue niaoeeo?/ieo ?en
aiie iathoue ia ??ai? i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei oa ?iae?a. I?ioa aiae?c
?iciiae?eo i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei ca iaoiaeii (2 (Caeoeaa, 1984), iieaco?, ui
a?aei?ie a ?iciiae?e? ? ia?noioieie. Oaeei /eiii, a?oioia? aeueaioei?e
??cieo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae OI neeaaeathoue iaeio aaia?aeueio
aea??eo, ? ??cieoey o neeaae? aiaei?inoae aeine?aeaeaieo iaeanoae
aecia/a?oueny ia oaeoii iaeaaeiino? aei iaaii? iaeano?, a ?ioeie
i?e/eiaie.

EON

(%) EI *I AEI AI

( ( ( (

100 EI — Ee?anueea Iie?nny

*I — *a?i?a?anueea Iie?nny

AEI — AEeoiie?nueea Iie?nny

AI — Aieeinueea Iie?nny

EON — eiao?oe??io oei?enoe/ii?

50 ni?eueiino? AEaeea?a

0

?en. 1 Aeaiae?eo oei?enoe/ii? ni?eueiino? aeueaioei? ii??aithaaiieo
o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

4.3. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? ??cieo oei?a e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a Oe?a?inueeiai
Iie?nny.

Aeae?eaiiy ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei? o a?oioia?e aeueaieia?? i?iaiaeyoue,
ye i?aaeei, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeiaie ?ineeiiino? oa o?oioeaiic?a
(Iiae/eiaa-Eaaiiaa, 1980). Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaio iaie
aeueaioei?o iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia e?eueea ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?:
aeoaiai-niniiaeo e?ueiiaeo, aeoaiai-eeaiiaeo yaeeoeaaeo, niniiaeo
/i?ie/ieo, niniiaeo i?eyeiaeo, niniiaeo eeoaeieeiaeo, niniiaeo
caeaiiiioieo oa aa?aciaeo e?n?a caeaiiiioieo.

Iae??ciiiai?oi?oeie ca aeaeiaei neeaaeii ? aiaei?ino? aa?aciaeo e?n?a
caeaiiiioieo oa aeoaiai-niniiaeo e?n?a e?ueiiaeo, o iaio?e i??? —
niniiaeo i?eyeiaeo, niniiaeo caeaiiiioieo, aeoaiai-eeaiiaeo yaeeoeaaeo
oa niniiaeo e?n?a eeoaeieeiaeo. No?oeoo?e ??cieo ia?oe?aeueieo
aeueaioei? ia ??ai? a?aeae?e?a aeineoue iiae?ai? (oaae. 3).

Ii??aiyiiy ia ??ai? i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei iieaco?, ui a on?o ia?oe?aeueieo
aeueaioei?ao, ca aeiyoeii aeueaioei?e niniiaeo e?n?a eeoaeieeiaeo,
na?aae i?ia?aeieo i?aaenoaaeai? Chlamydomonadaceae (ye i?aaeei ia
ia?oiio i?noe?), Chlorococcaceae oa Chlorellaceae. ?iaeeie
Pleurochloridaceae oa Neochloridaceae ia i?aaenoaaeai? o?eueee a
niniiaiio e?n? caeaiiiioiiio, a inoaiiy oaeiae ? a niniiaiio
eeoaeieeiaiio e?n?. ?io? i?ia?aei? ?iaeeie iayai? o /ioe?ueio, o?ueio
aai aeaio ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?ao. I?eaa?oa? oaaao a?oioiaa
aeueaioei?a niniiaeo e?n?a caeaiiiioieo — a?aenooi?noth na?aae
i?ia?aeieo Chlorococcaceae oa i?aeaeuaiith a?aeiiniith ??ciiiai?oi?noth
Chlorellaceae (18.5%). A ?ioeo ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?ao o/anoue
Chlorellaceae aeineoue noaa?eueia ? eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 8.1 — 12.9%.

Oaaeeoey 3 Nenoaiaoe/ia no?oeoo?a a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio oa aeine?aeaeaieo ia?oe?aeueieo
aeueaioei? ia ??ai? a?aeae?e?a

A?aeae?e E?euee?noue aeae?a aaniethoia oa a?aeiinia, % (a aeoaeeao)

E?ne Ae-N Ae-E N-* N-I N-E N-C A-C

Chloro-phyta 170

(73.4) 77

(74.8) 49

(70.0) 44

(73.3) 81

(84.4) 52

(80) 57

(78.4) 89

(71.2)

Xantho-phyta 38

(16.3) 16

(15.5) 15

(21.4) 14

(23.3) 13

(13.5) 12

(18.5) 9

(12.2) 20

(16.0)

Bacilla-riophyta 13

(5.6) 6(5.8) 3(4.3) 1(1.7) 2(2.1) 0 5(6.8) 11

(8.8)

Cyano-phyta 7

(3.0) 4(3.9) 2(2.9) 1(1.7) 0 0 0 3(2.4)

Eugleno-phyta 3(1.3) 0 1(1.4) 0 0 1(1.5) 2(2.7) 1(0.8)

Dino-phyta 1(0.4) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1(0.8)

?acii 232 103 70 50 96 65 73 125

I?ei?oea: Ae-N — aeoaiai-niniia? e?ne e?ueiia?; Ae-E — aeoaiai-eeaiia?
yaeeoeaa?; N-* — niniia? /i?ie/i?; N-I — niniia? i?eyeia?; N-E — niniia?
eeoaeieeia?; N-C — niniia? caeaiiiioi?; A-C — aa?acia? caeaiiiioi?

O eiaei?e ia?oe?aeuei?e aeueaioei?? aoee aeyaeai? aeaee, ye? a ?ioeo
aeueaioei?ao ye OI, oae ? a?oioao Oe?a?ie, ia a?aei?/ai?.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy nooiaiy nii??aeiaiino? ??cieo ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?
i?ae niaith aoei i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy aeueaioei? ca eiao?oe??ioii
oei?enoe/ii? ni?eueiino? AEaeea?a ? iiaoaeiaaii aeaiae?eo ni?eueiino?
aeueaioei?. Ca aeaeiaei neeaaeii iaeaeeae/? i?ae niaith aeueaioei?e
niniiaiai i?eyeiaiai oa aa?aciaiai e?no caeaiiiioiiai. Aei oeeo
aeueaioei? iine?aeiaii i?e?aeiothoueny ia?oe?aeuei? aeueaioei?e
niniiaiai caeaiiiioiiai, niniiaiai e?no eeoaeieeiaiai, aeoaiai-niniiaiai
e?ueiiaiai, aeoaiai-eeaiiaiai yaeeoeaaiai oa niniiaiai e?no /i?ie/iiai,
ui, iaiaaii, iaoiiaeaii i?e?iee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie a ??cieo e?niaeo
o?oioeaiicao. Caaaeii, no?oeoo?a aeine?aeaeaieo ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?
aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iniiaieie ee?iaoe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oeo
i?noeac?inoaiue, aea oe? aeueaioei?e oi?iothoueny. Oea, ia?o ca ana,
iii??ii-eiioeiaioaeueiee oa?aeoa? ee?iaoo oa iecuee? cia/aiiy (ii??aiyii
c ?ioeie oa?eoi??yie Oe?a?ie) ?I a?oioo.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy aeinoia??iino? ?iciiae?eo a?aeiiniiai aeaeiaiai
??ciiiai?ooy i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei o ??cieo ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?ao OI,
ie ioe?ieee ni?aiaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa aii??e/ieo /anoio aeaaaeaieo
?yae?a ca iaoiaeii (2. Aeaiee aiae?c aeyaea, ui aeey ?iaeei
Neochloridaceae, Naviculaceae, Chlorosarcinaceae, Klebsormidiaceae oa
Myrmeciaceae ??cieoey a?aeiiniiai aeaeiaiai ??ciiiai?ooy o ia?oe?aeueieo
aeueaioei?ao ? ?noioiith.

Aeine?aeaeai? ia?oe?aeuei? aeueaioei?e aeineoue nai???aei?, ?o
niaoeeo?eo aecia/athoue aeaee, ye? a?aei?/ai? eeoa aeey oa?eoi??? OI. A
ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?ao ia?aaaaeathoue ?ene e?niaeo ??aieiieo
aeueaioei? Oe?a?ie oa e?n?a a??nueeeo ?aa?ii?a Ea?iao.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeaeo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?iciiae?e
a?aeae?e?a oa i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei o ??cieo ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?ao OI,
ie ae?aooaaee Aaee?aeiao aeenoaioe?th ca’yceo ? aeyaeee ni?yaeai?noue
o?aieyiiy a?aeae?e?a o aeine?aeaeaieo o?oioeaiicao (?en. 2). Iaea?eueo
iia’ycaieie i?ae niaith ca oa?aeoa?ii iioe?aiiy ? a?aeae?ee aeiaoi?
i?aiaioii? a?oie — Xanthophyta, Bacillariophyta oa Dinophyta. Aeaui
iaioee nooi?iue ca’yceo iathoue caeai? aiaei?ino? — Chlorophyta, oa
Euglenophyta ? o?eueee neiueicaeai? — Cyanophyta, ia iathoue ca’yceo c
?ioeie a?aeae?eaie o nai?io iioe?aii?.

A?aeae?ee

Cyanophyta

Chlorophyta

Euglenophyta

Xanthophyta

Bacillariophyta

Dinophyta

0 10 20 30 40 50 60

Aaee?aeiaa aeenoaioe?y ca’yceo

?en. 2 Aaee?aeiaa aeenoaioe?y c’ayceo, ca a?aeiiniith e?euee?noth aeae?a
??cieo a?aeae?e?a a a?oioiaeo aeueaioei?ao ??cieo o?oioeaiic?a
(aeaiae?eo ni?yaeaiino? /anoioe o?aieyiiy)

Iiae?aiee aiae?c aoa i?iaaaeaiee ? ia ??ai? i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei oa
iiaoaeiaaii aeaiae?eo ni?yaeaiino? o?aieyiiy i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei o ??cieo
o?oioeaiicao ca a?aeiiniith e?euee?noth aeae?a o??? /e ?ioi? i?ia?aeii?
?iaeeie (?en. 3).

I?ia?aei? ?iaeeie

Chlamydomonadaceae

Chlorococcaceae

Chlorellaceae

Pleurochloridaceae

Myrmeciaceae

Neochloridaceae

Naviculaceae

Klebsormidiaceae

Chlorosarcinaceae

Chaetophoraceae

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

Aaee?aeiaa aeenoaioe?y ca’yceo

?en. 3 Aaee?aeiaa aeenoaioe?y c’ayceo i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei ca a?aeiiniith
e?euee?noth aeae?a o a?oioiaeo aeueaioei?ao ??cieo o?oioeaiic?a
(aeaiae?eo ni?yaeaiino? /anoioe o?aieyiiy i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei)

I?ia?aei? ?iaeeie, ia ??ai? Aaee?aeiai? aeenoaioe?? ca’yceo a?ey 80,
?icae?eeeenue ia aea? a?oie. Ia?oa ia’?aeio? ?iaeeie, ye? caeiathoue
e?aee?oth/a iieiaeaiiy na?aae i?ia?aeieo a on?o a?oioiaeo aeueaioei?ao
aeine?aeaeaieo o?oioeaiic?a oa ciaoiaeyoueny na?aae i?ia?aeieo a
a?oioiaeo aeueaioei?ao iaeaea on?o ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie (Chlamydomonadaceae,
Chlorococcaceae oa Chlorellaceae). Oe? ?iaeeie ia’?aeiothoue aiaei?ino?,
ye? ?iciiiaeothoueny ia?aaaaeii ciinii?aie (/e aaoinii?aie), ae?eoeie
ee?oeiieie iaieiieaie, ia a?aei?io a?ae i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei ae?oai?
a?oie, o yeeo ciinii?e ia iathoue ee?oeiii? iaieiiee. O nenoaiaoe/i?e
no?oeoo?? i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei aeine?aeaeaieo o?oioeaiic?a, ?iaeeie ae?oai?
a?oie ia caeiathoue e?aee?oth/eo iieiaeaiue (e??i Pleurochloridaceae), a
o?aieyiiy ?o i?aaenoaaiee?a o?ni?oa ni?yaeaii i?ae niaith. Aeaia a?oia
?iaeei, ia ??ai? Aaee?aeiai? aeenoaioe?? ca’yceo a?ey 20, ?icae?ey?oueny
ia aea? i?aea?oie, aei ia?oi? c yeeo aoiaeyoue Pleurochloridaceae,
Myrmeciaceae oa Neochloridaceae — iaeiiee?oeii? (eiei?aei?) aiaei?ino?,
aei ae?oai? — ia?aaaaeii i?aaenoaaieee c ieo/anoei aai na?oeeii?aeiei
oeiii oaeiio (Klebsormidiaceae, Chaetophoraceae, Chlorosarcinaceae) ?
o?eueee Naviculaceae — eiei?aei?. Oaeei /eiii, aia?oa aeyaeaii iaaio
caeaaei?noue o ?iciiae?e? aiaei?inoae a ??cieo e?niaeo o?oioeaiicao OI
a?ae iaeaaeiino? ?o aei iaaieo i?aiaioieo (aeiaoi-caeaii?, caeaii?,
neiuei-caeaii?) aai ii?oieia?/ieo (oei no?oeoo?e aaaaoaoeaiiai o?ea)
a?oi oa iniaeeainoae aoaeiae ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo ee?oei.

?icae?e 5. Iniiai? aeueaioa?oioaaiiy a?oio?a e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeieia?/ieo aenia?oec a?oio?a iaiao?aei?
aeai? ui aei no?oeoo?e oa neeaaeo aeueaioa?oioaaiue.

Ia oei?enoe/i?e iniia? (Einoeeia, 1989) aeae?eaii oa iienaii 7
aeueaioa?oioaaiue. Iienoth/e aeueaioa?oioaaiiy, a?aoiaoaaee na?aaeith
e?euee?noue aeae?a ia i?iao, na?aaeith ??ciiiai?oi?noue aeae?a iniiaieo
oaenii?a, aeae?eyee eiiieaene aeae?a c aenieei o?aieyiiyi, a a ?o iaaeao
— iaea?eueo niaoeeo?/i? aeaee aeey aeaieo aeueaioa?oioaaiue.
Aeueaioa?oioaaiiyi, aeey yeeo anoaiiaeaii oaeoi?e, ui iaoiiaeee ?o
aeae?eaiiy, aeaaaee iacae o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeeie oaeoi?aie.

Iaeoe?ii?oeie oa iaeaaaaooeie ca e?euee?noth aeae?a aeyaeeenue
aeueaioa?oioaaiiy niniiaeo ? aa?aciaeo e?n?a caeaiiiioieo oa niniiaiai
e?no eeoaeieeiaiai Iie?nueeiai caiia?aeieea, aeae? eaeooue
aeueaioa?oioaaiiy niniiaeo ? aa?aciaeo e?n?a i?eyeiaeo oa niniiaiai e?no
/i?ie/iiai Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueeiai Iie?nny. Aeaa ia?oeo i?aaenoaaeythoue
oeiia? aeueaioa?oioaaiiy e?n?a OI, ianooii? ? niaoeeo?/ieie aa??aioaie
e?niaeo aeueaioa?oioaaiue OI c aeaiaioaie a??nueeeo oa ??aieiieo e?n?a.

?icae?e 6. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

6.1. Nenoaiaoe/ia no?oeoo?a a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

A aeaiiio ?icae?e? aeei?enoai? i?ea?iaeuei? aeai?, io?eiai? i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae e?n?a OI oa aa?ioeaiic?a ia
oa?eoi??? Oaoeueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ia?eo, a oaeiae e?oa?aoo?i? aeai?.
Ca?aeii c oeeie aeaieie, ia oaia??oi?e /an aeey a?oio?a OI a?aeiii 285
aeae?a aiaei?inoae c 6 a?aeae?e?a, 12 eean?a, 23 ii?yaee?a, 48 ?iaeei oa
112 ?iae?a.

O a?oioao OI ia?aaaaeathoue i?aaenoaaieee c a?aeae?eo Chlorophyta — 209
aeae?a, ca ieie eaeooue Xanthophyta — 46 aeae?a, Bacillariophyta oa
Cyanophyta — ii 13 aeae?a, Euglenophyta — 3 aeaee, Dinophyta — 1 aeae.

A?eueoith aeaeiaith ??ciiiai?oi?noth a no?oeoo?? caaaeueii? aeueaioei?e
OI oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eean Chlamydophyceae, ia ae?oaiio i?noe? ca
e?euee?noth aeae?a — Chlorophyceae, aeae? — Xanthophyceae. Naia
i?aaenoaaieee oeeo o?ueio eean?a neeaaeathoue iniiao a?oioiai?
aeueaioei?e aeaiiai ?aa?iio.

6.2. Eiiniaeo oei?e a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny

Eiiniaeo oei?e a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny neeaaeaii ia
iniia? i?ea?iaeueieo aeaieo i?i neeaae a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae e?n?a OI oa
aa?ioeaiic?a ia oa?eoi??? Oaoeueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ia?eo, a oaeiae
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo.

Aeey 54 ??aee?nieo oa oe?eaaeo o oei?enoe/iiio a?aeiioaii? aeae?a
iaaaaeaii i?ea?iaeuei? iiene i?noeaaeo iiioeyoe?e. Aeyaeaii iia? noaae??
a oeeee? ?icaeoeo aeayeeo aeae?a, a naia ae?iaoe, nii/eaath/? ee?oeie,
iienaii a?eia? ci?ie i?e ae?iuoaaii? a aeueaieia?/ii /enoeo eoeueoo?ao
oa ooi/iaii ae?aaiice aeayeeo aeae?a a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae. Aeey
Chlamydomonas sp.III. iienaii iiaee, ?ai?oa ia a?aeiiee aeey iiiaaeieo
aiaei?inoae c ee?oeiiith iaieiieith oei iiae?eo ee?oei — iiia?a/iee
iiae?e ee?oei o ?ooiiiio noai?.

Aeniiaee

1. A a?oioao e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny aeyaeaii 232 aeaee aiaei?inoae.
Iae??ciiiai?oi?oa i?aaenoaaeai? Chlorophyta — 170 aeae?a (73.4%), iio?i
Xanthophyta — 38 (16.3%), Bacillariophyta — 13 (5.6%), Cyanophyta — 7
(3.0%), Euglenophyta — 3 (1.3%) oa Dinophyta — 1 (0.4%). Na?aae ieo, 171
aeae ? iiaei aeey a?oio?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny, 43 aeaee — iia? aeey
a?oio?a Oe?a?ie, 23 — aeey aeueaioei?e Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio oa 2 aeaee —
Chloromonas prokudinii Kostikov & Demzcenko oa Chlorococcum papillatum
Demzcenko iienai? ye iia? aeey iaoee.

2. Ia iniia? i?ea?iaeueieo oa e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo neeaaeaii eiiniaeo
oei?e aiaei?inoae a?oio?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny, aei yeiai oa?eoee 285
aeae?a aiaei?inoae c 6 a?aeae?e?a, 12 eean?a, 23 ii?yaee?a, 48 ?iaeei oa
112 ?iae?a.

3. A?oioia?e aeueaioei?? e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny aeanoeaa aeniea
??ciiiai?oi?noue Chlamydomonadaceae, Chlorococcaceae, Chlorellaceae oa
?iae?a Chlamydomonas, Chlorococcum, Chlorella, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey
a?oioiaeo aeueaioei? e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a ai?aaeueiiai iiyno.
Niaoeeo?/iith iniaeea?noth aeine?aeaeaii? aeueaioei?e ? i?aeaeuaia
??ciiiai?ooy Chlorosarcinaceae, Chaetophoraceae oa ?iae?a Carteria ?
Leptosira.

4. Ia aeaeiaee neeaae a?oioiai? aeueaioei?e e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny
a cia/i?e i??? aieeaa? a?oioiaa aeueaioei?a e?ninoaiiai? ciie oa
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao. A?oioiaa aeueaioei?a e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny
ia? iaea?eueoo noiae?noue c aeueaioei?aie e?n?a E?ninoaio oa
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ?, a iaio?e i???, noiaea c aeueaioei?aie e?n?a
A??nueeiai E?eio oa noaiiai? ciie.

5. Iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue aeae?a aiaei?inoae ca?a?no?iaaii ia oa?eoi???
*a?i?a?anueeiai oa Ee?anueeiai Iie?nny, aeaui iaioo — ia oa?eoi???
AEeoiie?nueeiai, Aieeinueeiai oa Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueeiai. Ca aeaeiaei
neeaaeii iaea?eueo iiae?ai? aeueaioei?e Ee?anueeiai oa *a?i?a?anueeiai
Iie?nny. Iaioee nooi?iue nii??aeiaiino? iathoue aeueaioei?e ?ioeo
o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny.

6. Ia?oe?aeuei? aeueaioei?e Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny, aeae?eai? ca oeiaie
e?n?a, aeineoue ??ciiiai?oi?. Niaoeeo?eo ??cieo ia?oe?aeueieo aeueaioei?
aecia/athoue ?iaeeie Neochloridaceae, Chlorosarcinaceae,
Klebsormidiaceae oa Myrmeciaceae, a oaeiae aeaee, ?iciianthaeaeai? ye o
iaaeao Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny oae, ? a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie.

7. Ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae o iaaeao Oe?a?inueeiai
Iie?nny, ia?o ca ana, aieeaa? aaia?ao?/ia oe?ioa, o iaio?e i??? —
aaia?ao?/ia aeiaaioa.

8. Ia oei?enoe/i?e iniia? aeae?eaii oa iienaii 7 oa?oioaaiue a?oioiaeo
aiaei?inoae Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny. ?iciiae?e aiaei?inoae ca oeeie
oa?oioaaiiyie aecia/a?oueny o?oioeaiicii, a aeey iaeiaeiaeo o?oioeaiic?a
— i?noeai a?aeai?o i?ia. Iaeaaaaooeie ca aeaeiaei neeaaeii ?
aeueaioa?oioaaiiy niniiaeo ? aa?aciaeo e?n?a caeaiiiioieo oa niniiaiai
e?no eeoaeieeiaiai Iie?nueeiai caiia?aeieea. Aeaui iaioei ??ciiiai?ooyi
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeueaioa?oioaaiiy niniiaeo oa aa?aciaeo e?n?a
i?eyeiaeo ? niniiaiai e?no /i?ie/iiai Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueeiai Iie?nny.
Aeaa ia?oeo i?aaenoaaeythoue aeania oa?oioaaiiy e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai
Iie?nny, ianooii? ? niaoeeo?/ieie aa??aioaie e?niaeo aeueaioa?oioaaiue
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny c aeaiaioaie a??nueeeo oa ??aieiieo e?n?a.

9. Aeyaeaii ca’ycie o ?iciiae?e? a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae, ui iaeaaeaoue
aei iaaieo i?aiaioieo oa ii?oieia?/ieo a?oi c ??cieie e?niaeie
o?oioeaiicaie Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny.

10. Neeaaeaii i?ea?iaeuei? iiene i?noeaaeo iiioeyoe?e 54 aeae?a
a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae. Aeey 19 aeae?a aeine?aeaeaieo iiioeyoe?e iienai?
iia? noaae?? iioiaiiaco, a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae aaoi?nueeeo ae?aaiic?a. O
i?aaenoaaiee?a Chlamydophyceae aia?oa iienaii iiaee oei ae?eaiiy ee?oei
— iiia?a/iee iiae?e iiiaaeieo ee?oei c ee?oeiiith iaieiieith.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

Kostikov I.Yu., Demchenko E.N. New species from genus Chloromonas Gobi
emend. Wille (Chlorophyta, Chlamydomonadaceae) // Aeueaieiaey. — 1994. —
4, ?3. — N. 67-71.

Aeai/aiei A.I. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? niniiaiai e?no caeacieea “E?nieee” //
Oe?. aioai. aeo?i. — 1996. — 53, ?3. — N. 293-296.

Aeai/aiei Y.I. Iiaue aeae ?iaea Chlorococcum Menegh. emend. Starr
(Chlorophyta, Chlorococcaceae) // Aeueaieiaey. — 1996. — 6, ?2. — N.
199-205.

Aeai/aiei A.I. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? aeayeeo ioi?iiieo oa?eoi??e
Ee?anueeiai Iie?nny // Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y a?ieia?y. — 1998. — ?5. — N. 18-20.

Kostikov I.Yu., Solonenko A.N., Demchenko E.N. Romanenko P.A., Levanets
A.A., Darienko T.M., Rybchynsky O.V. Composition and regularities of
spreading of algae in soils of Ukraine // 1st European Phycological
Congress (Cologne (EPC1) August 11 — 18, 1996). Abstracts. — Cologne,
1996. — P. 37.

Aeai/aiei A.I., Nieiiaiei A.I., Einoieia I.TH., ?iiaiaiei I.I. Aei
ieoaiiy i?i aoaeiiii oa?oioaaiiy a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae Oe?a?inueeiai
Iieinny // Iaoa?iaee eiioa?aioei? “Iiaenoiee 70-?i/ii? aeiyeueiinoi
Eaiianueeiai caiiaiaeieea oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo caiiaiaeii? ni?aae a
Oe?a?ii” (aa?anaiue 1993 ?., i.Eaiia). — Eaiia, 1993. — N. 107-108.

Aeai/aiei A.I. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? niniiaiai e?no Oaoeueeiai i?e?iaeiiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ia?eo // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiainoai?aieo caiia?aeiee?a”
(12-15 /a?aiy 1995 ?.). — A?eiaee?a, 1995. — N. 135.

Eaaaiaoeue A.A., Aeai/aiei A.I. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? aeayeeo niniiaeo
e?n?a *a?i?a?anueeiai Iie?nny oa E?aiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie //
Oace i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? “E?nioaoi?/ia ina?oa ? iaoea ia ?oaaae?
XXI noie?ooy: no/aniee noai, i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae”. — Euea?a, 1995. —
N. 36.

Aeai/aiei Y.I. Ii/aaiiua aiaei?inee iaeioi?uo eaniuo oeoioeaiicia
Iieanneiai i?e?iaeiiai caiiaaaeieea (Oe?aeia) // Oacenu aeieeaaeia
eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
aioaieee e yeieiaee” (5 — 7 ethiy 1996 a., Oa?ueeia). — Oa?ueeia, 1996.
— N. 43.

Aeai/aiei A.I. Iniiai? aeueaioa?oioaaiiy a?oio?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny
// Oace aeiiia?aeae eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
aioai?ee oa aeieia??” (7 — 11 aa?aniy, Oa?nii — Eaco?ia). — Oa?nii,
1998. — N. 22-23.

Iiaeyea

Aeneiaeth?ii ue?o iiaeyeo ?.TH.Einoeeiao, I.A.?ea/einueeiio (Ee?anueeee
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea), A.I.Nieiiaiei
(Iae?oiiieuenueeee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo), I.I.?iiaiaiei (I?aeia?iaeiee
Nieiiii?a oi?aa?neoao) oa A.A.Eaaaioeth, O.I.Aea???iei, O.?.Ieoaeethe
(?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A.Oieiaeiiai IAIO) o ni?aaaoi?noa? c yeeie aoei
noai?aii eiii’thoa?io aaco aeaieo i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aiaei?inoae a
a?oioao Oe?a?ie oa iniaenoi ?.TH.Einoeeiao ca iaaeaia i?aai
ei?enooaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiei iei iaeaoii i?ia?ai FLORA-S.

Aeai/aiei A.I. A?oioia? aiaei?ino? e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.05 — aioai?ea. Ee?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

O e?niaeo a?oioao Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny ciaeaeaii 232 aeaee aiaei?inoae:
Chlorophyta — 170 aeae?a, Xanthophyta — 38, Bacillariophyta — 13,
Cyanophyta — 7, Euglenophyta — 3 oa Dinophyta — 1. N?aae ieo 171 aeae —
iiaee aeey a?oio?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny, 43 — aeey a?oio?a Oe?a?ie oa
23 — aeey aeueaioei?e Oe?a?ie caaaeii. Aeaa aeaee — Chloromonas
prokudinii Kostikov & Demczenko oa Chlorococcum papillatum Demczenko,
iienai? ye iia? aeey iaoee. Ia iniia? i?ea?iaeueieo oa e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaieo, neeaaeaii eiiniaeo oei?e aiaei?inoae a?oio?a Oe?a?inueeiai
Iie?nny. I?iaaaeaii oei?enoe/iee oa o?oioeaiioe/iee aiae?ce a?oioiai?
aeueaioei?e aeaiiai ?aa?iio, aeae?eaii 7 a?oioiaeo aeueaioa?oioaaiiue
aeine?aeaeaieo e?n?a. Aeyaeaii aieea aaia?ao?/ii? oe?ioe ia
?iciianthaeaeaiiy aiaei?inoae o a?oioao e?n?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny.
Anoaiiaeaii ca’ycie a ?iciiae?e? a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae iaaieo i?aiaioieo
oa ii?oieia?/ieo a?oi c ??cieie e?niaeie o?oioeaiicaie. Ia iniia?
aiae?co aaoa?iaaiiino? aeaeiaiai neeaaeo aeyaeaii niaoeeo?eo
aeine?aeaeoaaii? aeueaioei?e ? anoaiiaeaii nooi?iue ?? nii??aeiaiino? c
a?oioiaeie aeueaioei?aie e?n?a ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie. Neeaaeaii
i?ea?iaeuei? iiene i?noeaaeo iiioeyoe?e 54 aeae?a a?oioiaeo aiaei?inoae,
ooi/iai? ae?aaiice aeayeeo c ieo. Aeyaeaii oa iienaii iiaee oei iiae?eo
ee?oei o aeayeeo i?aaenoaaiee?a Chlamydophyceae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Oe?a?inueea Iie?nny, a?oioia? aiaei?ino?, ia?oe?aeuei?
aeueaioei?e e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a, aeueaioa?oioaaiiy.

Aeai/aiei Y.I. Ii/aaiiua aiaei?inee eania Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.05 — aioaieea. — Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

Niaeanii eeoa?aoo?iui aeaiiui, a ii/aao Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey auyaeaii 82
aeaea aiaei?ineae. Iainiiaaii iaaeinoaoi/iinoue eco/aiiinoe ii/aaiiuo
aiaei?ineae Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey a n?aaiaiee n ae?oaeie oa??eoi?eyie
Oe?aeiu.

Ia iniiaa 92 iauaaeeiaiiuo ii/aaiiuo ia?acoeia, ioia?aiiuo a eanao
Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey e ia?aaioaiiuo ii iauai?eiyoie a ii/aaiiie
aeueaieiaee iaoiaeeea, auyaeaii 232 aeaea aiaei?ineae: Chlorophyta — 170
aeaeia (73.4%), Xanthophyta — 38 (16.3%), Bacillariophyta — 13 (5.6%),
Cyanophyta — 7 (3.0%), Euglenophyta — 3 (1.3%) e Dinophyta — 1 (0.4%).
N?aaee ieo 171 aeae — iiaue aeey ii/a Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey, 43 — aeey
ii/a Oe?aeiu e 23 — aeey aeueaioei?u Oe?aeiu a oeaeii. Aeaa aeaea —
Chloromonas prokudinii Kostikov & Demczenko e Chlorococcum papillatum
Demczenko, iienaiu eae iiaua aeey iaoee. Ia iniiaa i?eaeiaeueiuo e
eeoa?aoo?iuo aeaiiuo, ninoaaeai eiiniaeo oei?u aiaei?ineae ii/a
Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey, eioi?ue aeeth/aao 285 aeaeia aiaei?ineae ec 6
ioaeaeia, 12 eeannia, 23 ii?yaeeia, 48 naiaenoa e 112 ?iaeia. A ii/aao
Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey i?aiaeaaeatho i?aaenoaaeoaee ioaeaea Chlorophyta —
209 aeaeia, ca ieie eaeoo i?aaenoaaeoaee Xanthophyta — 46 aeaeia,
Bacillariophyta e Cyanophyta — ii 13 aeaeia, Euglenophyta — 3 aeaea,
Dinophyta — 1 aeae.

I?iaaaeaiu oei?enoe/aneee e oeoioeaiioe/aneee aiaeecu aeueaioei?u eania
aeaiiiai ?aaeiia. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca aaoa?iaaiiinoe aeaeiaiai ninoaaa,
auyaeaia niaoeeoeea aeueaioei?u aeaiiie oa??eoi?ee e onoaiiaeaia
noaiaiue aa ?iaenoaa n ii/aaiiuie aeueaioei?aie eania ae?oaeo ?aaeiiia
Oe?aeiu. Aeieacaii iaeaieueoaa ?iaenoai ii/aaiiie aeueaioei?u ?aeiia
enneaaeiaaiey n aeueaioei?aie eania Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao e eania
eaninoaiiie ciiu Oe?aeiu. Aieaa ioaeaeaiiuie ieacaeenue eaniua
aeueaioei?u Ai?iiai E?uia e noaiiie ciiu Oe?aeiu. Eaniay ii/aaiiay
aeueaioei?a Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey aeeth/aao aeaeu oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiiua
a eaniuo ii/aao Eaninoaie e Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao, a oaeaea aeaeu n
iaeaieueoae /anoioie ano?a/aaiinoe a ii/ao Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey.
Ii/aaiiie aeueaioei?a eania Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey naienoaaiii aunieia
?aciiia?acea Chlamydomonadaceae, Chlorococcaceae, Chlorellaceae, a
oaeaea ?iaeia Chlamydomonas, Chlorococcum, Chlorella, /oi oa?aeoa?ii
aeey ii/aaiiuo aeueaioei? eaniuo oeoioeaiicia ai?aaeueiiai iiyna.
Niaoeeoe/aneie iniaaiiinoueth enneaaeiaaiiie aeueaioei?u yaeyaony
iiauoaiiia ?aciiia?acea Chlorosarcinaceae, Chaetophoraceae e ?iaeia
Carteria e Leptosira.

Iaeaieueoaa eiee/anoai aeaeia aiaei?ineae iaia?oaeaii ia oa??eoi?ee
*a?ieaianeiai e Eeaaneiai Iieanuey, ianeieueei iaiueoaa — ia oa??eoi?ee
AEeoiie?neiai, Aieuineiai e Iiaai?iae-Naaa?neiai. Aeieacaii, /oi
ii/aaiiay aeueaioei?a ?aciuo oeceei-aaia?aoe/aneeo iaeanoae ninoaaeyao
iaeio aaia?aeueioth auai?eo, a ?acieoea a ninoaaa aiaei?ineae ?aciuo
oeceei-aaia?aoe/aneeo iaeanoae yaeyaony ianouanoaaiiie e ia
ii?aaeaeyaony oaeoii i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e oie eee eiie
oeceei-aaia?aoe/aneie iaeanoe.

Ii oeiai eaniuo oeoioeaiicia auaeaeaii 7 ia?oeeaeueiuo aeueaioei? eania
Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey. Niaoeeoeeo ?aciuo ia?oeeaeueiuo aeueaioei?
ii?aaeaeytho naiaenoaa Neochloridaceae, Chlorosarcinaceae,
Klebsormidiaceae e Myrmeciaceae. Auyaeaia ii?aaeaeaiiay caaeneiinoue a
?ani?ino?aiaiee aiaei?ineae a ?aciuo oeiao eaniuo oeoioeaiicia
Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey a caaeneiinoe io eo i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e
ii?aaeaeaiiie ieaiaioiie (aeaeoie, caeaiie, neiacaeaiie) eee
ii?oieiae/aneie (oei no?oeoo?u aaaaoaoeaiiai oaea) a?oiia, a oaeaea
iniaaiiinoyi no?iaiey iiaeaeaeiuo ?ai?iaeoeoeaiuo eeaoie. Onoaiiaeaii
aeeyiea aaia?aoe/aneie oe?iou ia ?ani?ino?aiaiea aiaei?ineae a ii/aao
eania Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey.

Ia oei?enoe/aneie iniiaa auaeaeaii e iienaii 7 aeueaia?oiie?iaie. I?e
iienaiee aeueaia?oiie?iaie o/eouaaee n?aaeiaa eiee/anoai aeaeia ia
i?iao, n?aaeiaa ?aciiia?acea aeaeia iniiaiuo oaeniiia, auaeaeyee
eiiieaenu aeaeia n aunieie /anoioie ano?a/aaiinoe, a n?aaee ieo —
iaeaieaa niaoeeoe/iua aeaeu aeey aeaiiuo aeueaia?oiie?iaie.
Aeueaia?oiie?iaeai, aeey eioi?uo onoaiiaeaiu oaeoi?u, iaoneiaeaoea eo
auaeaeaiea, aeaiu iacaaiey a caaeneiinoe io yoeo oaeoi?ia.

Ninoaaeaiu i?eaeiaeueiua iienaiey ianoiuo iiioeyoeee 54 aeaeia ii/aaiiuo
aiaei?ineae, ooi/iaiu aeeaaiicu iaeioi?uo ec ieo. Auyaeai e iienai iiaue
oei aeaeaiey eeaoie o iaeioi?uo i?aaenoaaeoaeae Chlamydophyceae —
iiia?a/iia aeaeaiea iiiaaeiuo eeaoie n eeaoi/iie iaiei/eie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Oe?aeineia Iieanuea, ii/aaiiua aiaei?inee,
ia?oeeaeueiua aeueaioei?u eaniuo oeoioeaiicia, aeueaia?oiie?iaee.

Demchenko E.M. Soil algae of forests of Ukrainian Polissya. —
Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree (PhD) by speciality 03.00.05 — botany. —
Taras Shevchenko Kiev National University, Kiev, 1998.

232 species of algae have been found in the forest soils of Ukrainian
Polissya: Chlorophyta — 170 species, Xanthophyta — 38, Bacillariophyta —
13, Cyanophyta — 7, Euglenophyta — 3 and Dinophyta — 1. Among them 171
species are new for the soils of Ukrainian Polissya, 43 — for the soils
of Ukraine and 23 — for the algal flora of Ukraine as a whole. Two
species — Chloromonas prokudinii Kostikov & Demczenko and Chlorococcum
papillatum Demczenko, were described as new species for sciense.
Cheklist of the soil algal flora of Ukrainian Polissya has been made on
the basis of original and literature data. Floristic and phytocoenotic
analysis of algal flora of the region has been carried out, 7 typical
algal communities has been described from the forests. Factors, which
influence had an on the distribution of soil algae in the soils of
Ukrainian Polissya have been determined. Dependence in distribution of
soil algae of the certain pigmental and morphological groups in various
types of forest phytocoenoses has been found. The specificity of algal
flora of the region and degree of its relationship with the soil algal
floras of other areas of Ukraine were estimated on the basis of the
analysis presented and analysis of heterogeneity of the species
composition. Original diagnoses of the local populations of 54 soil
algal species has been compiled. A new type of cell division of the
representatives of Chlamydophyceae has been found.

Key words: Ukrainian Polissya, soil algae, partial algal floras of
forest phytocoenoses, algal communities.

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