IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A?AE?IOAEA OE?A?IE

?IAI? A.?. AA?IAAeNUeEIAI

*A?IOO?I ?AAAI EINOssIOEIIAE*

OAeE 930.27: 807. 5/7 (025.351)

A?aoeuee? ?oeiiene ?V-OO no.

o oiiaeao Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai:

eiaeeeieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07. 00. 08. – eieaiciaanoai,

a?ae?ioaeiciaanoai, a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999 Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.
Aa?iaaenueeiai

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AeOA?IA?IA ETHAIA AIAe???AIA,

Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai, aee?aeoi?
?inoeoooo ?oeiieno IAOA

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IAUAE IA??ss IEOAEE?AIA,

Oe?a?inueeee iiaii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee oiiae IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo e?iaa?noeee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

OEAEIssE CIss ?AAI?AIA,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea Aeaaeai?y,
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oeaio?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Euea?anueea iaoeiaa a?ae?ioaea ?i. A. Noaoaieea IAI
Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “11” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.165.01 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a (eaiaeeaeaoa) iaoe o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai ca aae?anith: 03039, Ee?a,
i?ini. 40-??//y AEiaoiy, 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a /eoaeueiiio cae?
a?ae?ioaeiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?i. A.?.
Aa?iaaenueeiai, Ee?a, i?ini. 40-??//y AEiaoiy, 3.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “11”aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe *aeia?ueia A.I.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy oa nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie.

I?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? iaeaia?ao??, eiaeeeieia?? oa
eieaiciaanoaa ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaiee c ii?aoethaaiiyi cia/ieo ianya?a
?oeiienieo ia?oiaeaea?ae, cina?aaeaeaieo o a?ae?ioaeao oa a?o?aao
Oe?a?ie. Nenoaiaoecaoe?y, ii?eethaeiaiiy oa iaoeiaa inieneaiiy oeeo
ia?oiaeaea?ae ia? aeiyoeiaa cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo oe?ieiai niaeo?o
ianaiia?aae aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i. A Oe?a?i? caeaaia, ii?yae c
iaoe?iiaeueieie, iiaooothoue iieuenuee?, eaoeinuee?, a?aoeuee? oa ?io?
?oeiieni? iaoa??aee, aeiey yeeo a?aeaeaa? nooi?noi? iniaeeaino?
a?o/eciyii? ?noi??? oa e?oa?aoo?e, na?ae/eoue i?i na?oiaeyaei?
o?aaeeoe?? oa i??i?eoaoe ia?iaeo, i?i eiai ?noi?e/i? ca’ycee c
ianaeaiiyi ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a na?oo, i?i ?icaeoie iaoeiai? oa noni?eueii?
aeoiee. Oae, cie?aia ca nai?i aaiiie?oe/iei noaiii, eoeueoo?ieie
o?aaeeoe?yie Oe?a?ia iaeaaeeoue aei e?a?i, u?eueii iia’ycaieo c a?aaeii
aeaaiueia?aoeueeeo, a i?ci?oa a?caio?enueeeo aieea?a. A?aoeuee?
?oeiieni? eieaeee e aeieoiaioe iin?aeathoue iii?oia i?noea a ?noi???
ienaiiino? Aeaaiuei? ?on?, aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo ?? ia?oeo a?ae?ioae.
Oi?iaeiaae OV?-O?O no. a Oe?a?i? oa ?in?? niinoa??aathoueny cia/i?
iiaia?aoeuee? aieeae, aiaeii/an neeaaea?oueny iniiaiee ianea a?aoeueeeo
?oeiien?a, oniaaeeiaaiee i?ci?oa ??cieie aea?aeaaieie oa a?iiaaenueeeie
onoaiiaaie.

I?ioyaii O?O no. aoee neeaaeai? iiene aieiaieo a?ae?ioa/ieo c?a?aiue
?in?enueei? ?iia???, caii/aoeiaai? eieaiciaa/? oa iaeaia?ao?/i? nooae??,
cie?aia a oea?ei? a?aoeueei? iaeaia?ao??. Cia/i? a?ae?ioa/i? oa a?o?ai?
c?a?aiiy aoee noi?iiaai? ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. Ca?aeii c iienaie ?
eaoaeiaaie oe?a?inueeeo a?ae?ioae (Aaeeai aea Aaeeth, Iao?ia I.,
Eaaaae?a I., Nia?ainueeee I., N?oe?inueeee ?.) ia ii/aoie OO no.
a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene a Oe?a?i? noaiiaeee ii??aiyii iaaaeeeo, aea aeoaea
oe?iio /anoeio ye caaaeueii?in?enueeeo, oae ? na?oiaeo eieaeoe?e
?oeiien?a. Oae, o?aaeeoe?eii aaaaeaee, ui a Iaean? caa??aa?oueny 36
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a, o Oa?eia? – 24, o Ee?a? iaoeiaoe? ia?aoiaoaaee
a?ae 20 aei 150 ?oeiien?a. Aaeee? ianyae a?aoeueeeo iaoa??ae?a aoee
cina?aaeaeai? a i?noeyo i?iaeeaaiiy a?aoeueeeo a?iiaae (I?aeei,
Ia??oiieue, Iaeana), a a?aoeueeeo oea?eaao, iiianoe?yo, o aeaniino?
i?eaaoieo in?a. Ia aeaeue, i?ioyaii OO no. aeine?aeaeaiiy c a?aoeueei?
oaiaoeee a Oe?a?i? (ca aeiyoeii aioe/ieo nooae?e) iaee ae?ae aeiaaeeiaee
? iaiaaeaiee oa?aeoa? ? aoee a?aeiiaeai? o?eueee a inoaii? aeanyoe??//y.

Iayai?noue ? nueiaiaei? a Oe?a?i? cia/ii? e?eueeino? a?aoeueeeo
?oeiien?a iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ni?eyoe caaaeueiiio ?icaeoeia? a?aoeueei?
iaeaia?ao?? oa eiaeeeieia??, aee?i?noe/ieo nooae?e ye oaeeo iaoeiaeo
iai?yi?a, ui i?eoaiaii? a?eueoino? ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i iaa?oue o oeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee oe? e?a?ie ?noi?e/ii iaei iia’ycai? c A?caio??th aai
a?aoeueeith ae?anii?ith.

Ieoaiiy aeaoaeueiiai iieno a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a a Oe?a?i? oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? ie?aieo eieaeoe?e aeaaii ia /an? ? iathoue
aeiyoeiaa iaoeiaa cia/aiiy. ?icaeoie o?eieia?/ieo oa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
iaaaeueii aeiaaa? iiaiiai ii?aoethaaiiy ?oeiienii? niaaeueie oaeiai
oi?eaeueiiai eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai a?aaeo, yeei aoea A?caio?y, a oaeiae
aeaoaeueiiai aena?oeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, a ye?e a?aee oa
a?aei-oe?a?inuee? ca’ycee iin?aeathoue cia/ia i?noea. A?aee, ui
noaiiaeyoue iaa?ae’?iio /anoeio ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, c?iaeee cia/iee
aianie o ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e, ? aiaeii/an eeoathoueny
iin?yie iaaiiai iaai?o iciae, ca yeeie aiie i?iaeiaaeothoue aooe a?aeaie
– /anoeiith na?oiai? a?aoeueei? ae?anii?e. Ana oea ?iaeoue ieoaiiy
ii?aoethaaiiy a?aoeueei? ?oeiienii? niaaeueie a Oe?a?i? iaaecae/aeii
aeooaeueiei.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Ieoaiiy a?aoeueei? iaeaia?ao??,
a?oaia?ao?/iiai iieno a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a oa ioae?eaoe?? a?aoeueeeo
iaoa??ae?a oe?a?inueeeo c?a?aiue ?ic?iaeyee a?aeii? a/ai? O?O no.: A.
Eaoeoaa, N. Na?ao?iia, O. Oa?iianueeee, I. Iao?ia, I. Aeieo???anueeee oa
?i. Oe? iaoa??aee i?eaa?ioee oaaao e caei?aeiiieo aeine?aeiee?a. A
Oe?a?i? a ??ci? /ane ia?aaoaaee E. A?aai??, A. Ciaeai, I. ??oa?, E.
O?ie, N. Aaoaeaeai. I?ioa ca ?aaeyinueei? aeiae aee?i?noe/i? nooae?? a
Oe?a?i? ia io?eiaee iaeaaeiiai ?icaeoeo. Ie?ai? ioae?eaoe??, cae?eniai?
?. Nieieiaei, E. Oa?eaiiiae/ai, Ae. Ni???aeiiiaei o 20-o? ?iee, aoee
inoaii?ie iaia?aaeiaei? o?eaaeiai ia??iaeo caiia/oaaiiy aaaaoueio
aniaeo?a a?aoeueei? oaie.

A?ae ii/aoeo 1960-o ?ie?a iaoeiaoe? (?.I. Eaaaae?aa, I.I. Iaua?nueea, C.
A. Naiiaeo?iaa, A.E. Oiiee/) iaiaeii?aciai noaaeee ieoaiiy i?i noai?aiiy
i?ia?aie iieno an?o a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a o N?N?. Ia ia??iae 60-o – 70-o
?ie?a aaaaeaee, ui a c?a?aiiyo N?N? ia?aaoaa? aeecueei 2, 5 oen.
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a. Iaeaeieeaaei?oa oiae? aoee iienai? a?aoeuee?
?oeiiene Eai?ia?aaea, Iaeane, eieaeoe?y Iaoaiaaea?aia (A??iai?y), aeaye?
c?a?aiiy a Iinea?. Aeine?aeaeoaaee iaoeiaoe? e ie?ai? ?oeiiene ??cieo
c?a?aiue, o oiio /ene? e ee?anuee?. Oae, A.E. Oiiee/ aeaoaeueii iienaa
e?eueea a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a o ee?anueeeo c?a?aiiyo o eiioaeno? ?noi???
eieaeoe?e ie?aieo in?a aai i?eiaeaaeiino? ?o a?aeiiei eii??noai. I?ae
oei, aeeiiaiith i?ia?aie eaoaeia?caoe?? an?o a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a N?N?
caaaaeeea ianoa/a eaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a ia i?noeyo, iaaeoi aaeeea
e?euee?noue ?oeiien?a, a?ae aeeiiaaoe?a ?c iaiao?aeiith iaeaia?ao?/iith
ina?oith. A?aenooi?noue niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iaoeiaeo eaoaeia?a
iicia/a?oueny e aeioaia? ia aeine?aeaeaii? ?noi??? a?aoeueeeo c?a?aiue,
ye? ?icaeyaeathoue o?eueee a iaaeao caaaeueii? ?noi??? oeo /e ?ioeo
oiiae?a, ui nooo?ai ci?ith? aeoeaioe ? aeaiaeeoue oaio a?aoeueeeo
?oeiien?a ca iaae? aee?i?noe/ieo nooae?e, ye?, a naith /a?ao, oaae
iioa?iathoue a?ae a?aeo ii?aoeueiaaii? aeaea?aeueii? aace. Aei
inoaiiueiai /ano aeine?aeieee i?aeoe/ii ia i?iaiaeeee ?iaioo c aeyaeaiiy
? iieno a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a ? aeieoiaio?a o a?ae?ioaeao oa ?noi?e/ieo
a?o?aao Oe?a?ie 3.

Ca’ycie aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aia
oaia a?aeiia?aea? caaaeueiiio iai?yio ?noi?e/ieo ? o?eieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeyoueny a ?inoeooo? ?oeiieno IAOA (aei 1994 ?.
– a?aeae?e ?oeiien?a OeIA ?i. A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai), a ?inoeooo? ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo iaoeiaeo oeaio?ao Oe?a?ie, ? aeeiio?oueny a
iaaeao aeaio aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
nenoaie ?ao?iniaeoeaii? ?noi?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? – oa (aeae? –
EIE) oa Oeaio?aeueiiai Aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie a Ee?a?
(aeae? – OeAe?AE), aaiaoe/ii iia’ycai? c eieaeoe?yie aai ?oeiienaie
IAOA. I?e oeeaaeaii? a?oaia?ao?/iiai iieno oa i?iaaaeaii?
eiaeeeieia?/iiai aiae?co oa ao?eaooe?? niene?a a?aoeueei? ?oeiienii?
eieae aoa caeo/aiee oe?ieee niaeo? ia?oiaeaea?ae (eiaeaen?a) ?
aeia?aeeiai? e?oa?aoo?e a a?ae?ioaeao Iaeane (Oiiae a?aoeueei?
eoeueoo?e), Iineae (?AeA), Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa (A?AI, IA?), ?eio
(Aiinoieuenueea a?ae?ioaea Aaoeeaio), Ao?i (Aaiiaae??aa a?ae?ioaea,
Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea A?aoe??) ? Naeii?e (Oeaio? iao?ieia?/ieo
nooae?e, Oi?aa?neoao A?enoioaey).

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue
ioiieththoue ia??iae a?ae ?V no. aei e?ioey OO no., oiaoi a?ae /ano
iaienaiiy iaeaeaai?oeo o?enoeyinueeeo eiaeaen?a, i?aaenoaaeaieo o
ee?anueeeo c?a?aiiyo, aei aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ii/aoeo OO no., a
oaeiae a?ae ia?oeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a aei a?ae?ioaee
EAeA i?ney ?? canioaaiiy a 1819 ?. aei inoaoi/iiai oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai
ei?iono a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a o Ee?a?, eiai iiaiiai a?oaia?ao?/iiai iieno
aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy a neeaae? oiiae?a IAOA a 1989-1994 ??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui:

1. Aia?oa cao?eniaaia caaaeueia oaeoe/ia (?i n?oo ao aea a?no)
e?euee?noue a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a o oiiaeao ?? IAOA ? EIE. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie i?aeaioiaeaiiai a?oaia?ao?/iiai iieno (eaoaeiao) aia?oa
aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao caeo/aii iiiaae 300 ?oeiien?a.

2. A?aenooi?e aeinueiaiaei? iiaiee a?oaia?ao?/iee iien, cae?eniaiee c
aeei?enoaiiyi caeiaooe?a no/anieo eiaeeeieia?/ieo oa iaeaia?ao?/ieo
iaoiaeee, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniei iaoeiaei aeiiaai, aoa aeiaeaiee
aeey noa i’yoeaeanyoe ii/anoe a?aeiieo a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? a?aoeueeeo
?oeiien?a.

3. Ia iniia? aeaieo iiia?aaei?o eaoaeia?a O?O no., iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e
oa a?o?aieo aeaieo oia?oa a?aeoai?aia o?iiieia?y oa oeyoe iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a nii/aoeo aei ??cieo a?ae?ioa/ieo aai iocaeieo
eieaeoe?e Oe?a?ie, i?ci?oa aei IAOA, oa ?noi??y oi?ioaaiiy a?aoeueeeo
c?a?aiue a ?oiueiio no/aniiio aeaeyae?.

4. Ia i?aenoaa? aeyaeaieo a?oaia?ao?/ieo iciae aia?oa i?iaaaeaii
?iciaaeoaaiiy a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a Ee?aa ia ia?aoeai? oa aeoia?
aeaea?aea, na?aae ia?oeo a?aeie?aieai? ?oeiieni? eieae aai ?oi?
o?aaiaioe.

5. Ia iniia? eiaeeeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo cae?eniaia o?iiieia?/ia,
oaiaoe/ia oa oeiieia?/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a, i?iaaaeaia
?aeiino?oeoe?y ?noi??? ie?aieo iaeeieoeue ? c?a?aiue. Oaaaeai? aei
iaoeiaiai ia?ao aein? iaa?aeii? ?iaia eii??no?a, aeaniee?a ?oeiien?a, a
oaeiae iecea caien?a ?noi?e/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

Oei naiei: 1. Oaaaeaia iiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y, ui ca nai?th oe?ii?noth ia?
aeiyoeiaa cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo a?aoeueei? eeane/ii? o?eieia??,
a?caioei?noeee, iaeaia?ao?? oa eiaeeeieia??. Aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao
caeo/ai? iia? e?oa?aoo?i? oa ?noi?e/i? iaoa??aee, aeaea?aea c ?noi???
A?caio??, A?aoe??, e?a?i Aaeeainueeiai ?aa?iio, Iieueu?, ?in??, Oe?a?ie,
a?aoeueei? ae?anii?e ia oa?eoi??? Iniainueei? ?iia??? oa a e?a?iao
No?aeii? ?a?iie.

2. Aena?oeai? ?noi??ia?ao?y, ?noi??y ie?aieo a?ae?ioa/ieo c?a?aiue
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy oiiae?a IAOA ye ieoaiiy, ui
iaaoaathoue naiino?eiiai cia/aiiy a eiioaeno? no/anieo o?eieia?/ieo,
?noi?e/ieo oa noni?euenoaiciaa/eo nooae?e aeey aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc?
aee?i?noeee, eieaiciaanoaa, a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oiui.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. 1. A aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? iia? iaoeiai
ia??oioiaai? aeai? i?i a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene, c?a?aiiy oa ?noi??th ?oiueiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. Oe? aeai?, aeinooii? (o aeaeyae? eaoaeiao) /eoa/ai ??
IAOA, ni?eythoue ?icaeoeia? aeine?aeaeaiue c ?noi??? oa e?oa?aoo?e,
eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e Oe?a?ie oa A?aoe??, aena?oeaiith ieoaiiy
a?aoeueeeo aieea?a ia ?icaeoie oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa oiui.

2. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iaienaiiy
eo?no eaeoe?e aai i?ae?o/ieea c a?aoeueei? iaeaia?ao?? ia iniia?
a?o/eciyieo iaoa??ae?a aeey nooaeaio?a eeane/ieo a?aeae?eaiue
o?eieia?/ieo oa ?noi?e/ieo oaeoeueoao?a i?io?eueieo aoc?a.

3. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaea? iaoa??aee aeey i?iaaaeaiiy eiiia?aoeaieo
?ica?aeie na?aae a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a ? aeieoiaio?a ??cieo c?a?aiue ?c
iaoith aena?oeaiiy i?iaeai iaeaia?ao??, eiaeeeieia??, i?iaaaeaiiy
c?noaaieo oaenoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aeoai?aiiy ia?aa?ao aeaai?o
?noi?e/ieo iiae?e, ui ca nai?th i?e?iaeith aeiaaa? caeo/aiiy aaeeei?
e?eueeino? ??cieo ia?oiaeaea?ae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? i?ioiaeeea a ?inoeooo? ?oeiieno IAO
?iai? A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai. Aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
ii?eethaeiai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia oaeeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: 1)
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y . Ee?a, 29-30 aa?aniy 1993 ?.; 2) Ae?oaa I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y . Ee?a,
22-24 ethoiai 1995 ?.; 3) I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y aee?i?no?a
. Ao?ie, 12-19 aeiaoiy 1995 ?.; 4) I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y . Ia??oiieue, 24-26 o?aaiy 1996
?.; 5) I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y iai’yo? A.I. A?eaoeueeiai
(1911-1995) . Ee?a, 3-4 aeiaoiy
1996 ?.; 6) Ae?oaa I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y
. Naaanoiiieue, 5-7 o?aaiy 1998 ?.; 7)
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y . Ee?a-I?aeei, 10-12 eenoiiaaea
1998 ?.; 8) I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y .
Ia??oiieue, 27-29 o?aaiy 1999 ?. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii iaeio
iiiia?ao?th, o?e a?ioo?e oa ieceo noaoae, ia?ae?e yeeo iaaaaeaiee a
e?ioe? ?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo oiiaieo
nei?i/aiue, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (256 iiceoe?e), aeiaeaoe?a.
Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 180 noi??iie. O aeiaeaoeo ai?uaii eaoaeia a?aoeueeeo
eiaeaen?a (134 iiceoe??), iieaae/ee oeo??a ?icaeyiooeo ?oeiien?a o
oiiaeao ? c?a?aiiyo Ee?aa, nienie aaeeoeo o eaoaeic? oiiaieo nei?i/aiue.
Eaoaeia yaey? niaith naiiaeinoaoith iaoeiao i?aoeth, a ye?e
i?aaenoaaeai? aiae?oe/i? iiene a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a ?c iineeaiiyie ia
aeaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo oa ?noi?e/ieo iai’yoie, c ae/a?iiith
a?ae?ia?ao??th aeine?aeaeaiiy ?oeiien?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/aii nooi?iue ??
aea/aiino?, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??,
aeeeaaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa
iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – – a?aecia/a?oueny, ui a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene Ee?aa aoee ia’?eoii
oaaae a?aeiieo iaoeiaoe?a i?aeoe/ii a?ae /ano iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?o aei
a?ae?ioae aai eieaeoe?e. Ia aeaeue, aei inoaiiueiai /ano aeiaeia
ioae?eaoe?y ia aoea i?enay/aia a?aoeueeei c?a?aiiyi Ee?aa ye oe?e?niiio
ia’?eoo iaoeiaiai ?icaeyaeo. Iiene a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a o eaoaeiaao I.
Iao?iaa, I. Eaaaae?aa, I. Nia?ainueeiai aoee aeeiiai? a iaaeao iieno
aaeeeeo ? ??ciiiai?oieo ca neeaaeii eieaeoe?e, caaaeii aiie ?
iiaa?oiaeie ? iaaaeaeaaoieie no/aniei aeiiaai. Ia?oa ni?iaa iaoeiaiai
iieno a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a o oiiaeao IAO a?aeaoeany 1934 ?., aea
i?aeaioiaeaia aei ae?oeo i?aoey a?aeiiiai neaa?noa e iaeaia?aoa Ae.?.
Aa?aiiae/a ia aoea aeaeaia. A oe?e ?iaio? aoei iaaaaeaii caaaeueiee
iaeyae eieaeoe??, iiaeaii ei?ioe? a?aeiiino? i?i 108 a?aoeueeeo
?oeiien?a, a?aecia/aii iaoeiao aa?o?noue aeayeeo iaione?eio?a. Ca
iaioth/eo ?aeaieia?/ieo oiia ia aoea aeaeaia e ?iaioa ni?a?ia?oieoe?
a?aeae?eo ?oeiien?a I. Aoo?iaa?, i?enay/aia i?i?aoth?ai ? i?iaiaioai
ee?eee/ieo oa a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a o oiiaeao IAO, i?aeaioiaeaia a
1935-1936 ??. Iia?aeiieaiiy caei?aeiiieo aeine?aeiee?a A. Ciaeaia, E.
A?aai??, I. ??oa?a, E. O?iy, E. Aeaiaea, A. Oeae?eana, ye? ca ??cieo
/an?a ? ianoaaei ?icaeyaeaee ee?anuee? a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene, iaee
ia?aaaaeii caaaeueii?ioi?iaoeaiee oa?aeoa? aai oi?eaeeny iaaieo
oaiaoe/ieo a?oi ?oeiien?a.

Ie?ai? ee?anuee? ca??ee aai ?oeiiene neeaaeaee ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeey aeaeaoieo ?noi?ee?a ? iaeaia?ao?a ieioeiai noie?ooy: I.
Io?caeaae/a, I. Iao?iaa, I. Aeieo???anueeiai, N. Na?ao?iiaa, A.
Eaoeoaaa, i?aoe? yeeo ia ao?aoeee naiai cia/aiiy e ca?ac. Aoee
iioae?eiaai? ie?ai? aeieoiaioe c a?o?ao ia??oiieuenueeeo a?ae?a, eenoe e
a?aiioe no?aeieo ???a?o?a c a?ae?ioaee Iaeanueeiai oiaa?enoaa ?noi??? oa
noa?iaeeoiinoae (aeae? – IO?N). Oaenoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?oo?a?eieo
?oeiien?a a?aoeueei? a?iiaaee a I?aeei? i?ia?a o 1884 ?. I.
Aeieo???anueeee. I. Iao?ia i?enayoea ieceo ioae?eaoe?e ooaeiaei?i
iniaeeainoyi ?aaiaae?y c iaeiac?enueeiai i?noa I?eii?ae?y.

Ia ii/aoie OO no. a Oe?a?i? aaea aoea noi?iiaaia cia/ia aeaea?aeueia
aaca a?aoeueeeo iaoa??ae?a, aoee caeeaaeai? iaoeia? iniiae aeey
??oioiaieo aee?i?noe/ieo ?ica?aeie. I?ioa ca aeiae oioae?oa?ecio oaaaa
aei a?aoeueeeo iaoa??ae?a iaaea?, /a?ac a?ae a?ae?ioa/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
ie?ai? ?oeiiene Ee?aa aaaaeathoue ao?a/aieie, i?i iia? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
iaoeiaoe? ia ciathoue. O 1960-1970 ??., eiee iinoa? ieoaiiy iieno
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a N?N?, ie?ai? ee?anuee? ?oeiiene iia?aeii
?icaeyaeathoue ?.A. A?aino?ai oa ?.I. Eaaaae?aa. Iaea?eueoo oaaao
ee?anueeei eieaeoe?yi i?eae?eea A.E. Oiiee/, yeiio iaeaaeeoue i??i?eoao
a?aee?eooy a Ee?a? iecee iaaecae/aeii oe?iieo ?oeiien?a. A?i i?aeaiooaaa
eiaeeeieia?/i? iiene ie?aieo ?oeiien?a5, aena?oea ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy
eieaeoe?e a?o?iaiae?eoa Aioii?ia Eaionoeia 6 oa ?noi?eea oea?eae Aiae??y
Io?aaeiaa7, ui iei? ia?aaoaathoue o ??cieo c?a?aiiyo eieeoiueiai N?N?.

O 1991-1998 ??. caaaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a IAOA aoee
?icaeyioo? aaoi?ii oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a ie?aieo ioae?eaoe?yo ?
noaooyo, iaaiai?ai? ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo. Aoee aeaeai? eaoaeia
a?aoeueeeo aeieoiaio?a OV?-O?O no., eenoe a?aoeueeeo ???a?o?a aei
ee?anueeeo ieo?iiieeo?a, ie?ai? ?noi?e/i? aeaea?aea c ?noi???
i?aeeinueeeo ? e?einueeeo a?ae?a, a?ae?a ?eenaaaoa?aaea, iinoaaeai?
ieoaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? neeaaeo a?aoeueeeo oea?eiaieo ? iiianoe?nueeeo
a?ae?ioae Oe?a?ie, caaa?oaia ?iaioa iaae oeeaaeaiiyi iiaiiai eaoaeiao
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a o oiiaeao ?? IAOA oa EIE8. I?aeaioiaeaiee aaoi?ii
a?oaia?ao?/iee iien a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a Ee?aa oiiaeeeaea aeo?ae ia
aeuee ??aaiue ocaaaeueiaiue ? ?icaeyae ?o ye noeoiiino?
eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo ia’?eo?a oa ?noi?e/ieo aeaea?ae, aeine?aeaeaiiy
?noi??? ie?aieo c?a?aiue, i?iaaaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? oa oeiieia?/iiai
?iciiae?eo ?oeiien?a, canoinoaiiy eiaeeeieia?/iiai aiae?co aeey
aena?oeaiiy i?iaeaie aaiace oa iiaoooaaiiy ?oeiien?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? –
?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy ?noi??? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a aei
eieaeoe?e oa c?a?aiue, ia?aaeaieo aei IAOA a 1923-1946 ??., a oaeiae
aaciina?aaei?o iaaeaaiue a?ae?ioaee. Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeoieo, ui naia’
ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy a Ee?a? cia/iiai ianeao a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a ?
iaoeiaith i?iaeaiith ia o?eueee aeaea?aeiciaa/iai aai a?ae?ioaeiciaa/iai
oa?aeoa?o. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?oeiien?a aei Oe?a?ie,
?noi??? ie?aieo ca??ie, aea?aeaaieo, oea?eiaieo oa a?iiaaenueeeo
onoaiia, a?ae?ioae, o yeeo ia?aaoaaee a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene, iaaoaa?
naiino?eiiai cia/aiiy a eiioaeno? caaaeueii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, ??
eoeueoo?e, aena?oeaiiy ?noi??? oe?a?inueei-a?aoeueeeo ca’yce?a oa aeeooy
a?aoeueei? ae?anii?e. Oae, o iaaeao naii? IAOA aoa ooai?aiee o?eueee
iaeei niaoe?ae?ciaaiee oiiae a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a (o. 72), oiae? ye
a?eueo?noue ?o ia?aaoaa? o neeaae? c?a?aiue, ui iaaeoiaeeee aei
a?ae?ioaee c ??cieo onoaiia oa caeeaae?a, a?aeiieo ca aei?aaiethoe?eii?
aeiae, eio?? i?ci?oa ooai?eee a ?oeiieniiio i?ae?icae?e? a?ae?ioaee
ie?ai? oiiaee.

A iniia? a?aoeueeeo iaoa??ae?a IAOA eaaeeoue eieaeoe?y
Oea?eiaii-a?oaieia?/iiai iocath (OeAI) Oea?eiaii-a?oaieia?/iiai
oiaa?enoaa (OeAO) ? a?ae?ioaee i?e Ee?anuee?e aeooiai?e aeaaeai?? (EAeA)
(??, o. 301), ui aaea ia ii/aoeo OO no. iae?/oaaea a?eueoa 100
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a. ?oeiieni? iaoa??aee OeAI OeAO ? a?ae?ioaee EAeA
aoee ia?aaeai? aei IAO e?eueeiia ia?o?yie o 1924-1934 ??. ?aooa
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a iaaeoiaeeea aei IAOA o neeaae? ?oeiien?a
Caaeiaoeueei? a?ae?ioaee (??, o. ? – 2 iae.) – 1921 ?., a?ae?ioae
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo na. Aieiaeeie?a (??, o. ? – 2 iae.), Ee?anueei?
aeooiaii? eiinenoi??? (??, o. 232 – 26 iae.) ? Ee?anueei? aeooiaii?
nai?ia??? (??, o. 305, – 3 iae.) – 1927 ?., a?o?ao EAeA (??, o. 72 – 16
iae., o. 160 – 1 iae., o. 193 – 34 iae.) – o 1927-1929 ??., Ee?anueeiai
Ieoaee?anueeiai Cieioiaa?oiai iiianoe?y (??, o. 307 – 1 iae.),
Ee?ai-Ia/a?nueei? eaa?e (??, o. 306 – 2 iae.) – o 1930 ?.,
Ee?ai-Nio?enueeiai niai?o (??, o. ? – 1 iae., o. 312 – 5 iae.; a?aeae?e
noa?iae?oe?a, o. a?. ae?. – 1 iae.) – o 1931 ?., iocath Iiae?euenueeiai
oea?eiaiiai ?noi?eei-a?oaieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (??, o. 72 – 5 iae.),
Aieeinueeiai iocath (??, o. 72 – 1 iae.) – o 1932 ?., ?oeiienieo ca??ie
a?ae?ioaee I?aeeinueeiai ?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ei.
Aacai?iaeueea (??, o. 310 – 7 iae.), a?ae?ioaee ??-ai a?aeae?eo
Anaoe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe (AOAI) (??, o. 72 – 1 iae.) – 1934 ?.,
Euea?anueei? a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? ieo?iiiee/i? eiinenoi??? (??, o. 18 – 3
iae.) oa IO?N (??, o. 5 – 52 iae.) – 1944-1947 ??., a?o?ao Na. Neiiaeo
(??, o. 13 – 154 iae.) – 1946 ?. E?eueea ?oeiien?a (??, o. 72: 1, 2, 4,
5, 6, 7) aoee i?eaeaai? a?ae?ioaeith a 1933 ?. o i?eaaoieo in?a ? noaee
iniiaith aeey oi?ioaaiiy aaea a 1977 ?. ie?aiiai oiiaeo a?aoeueeeo
?oeiien?a. Aei oeueiai oiiaeo, a neeaae? yeiai iei? 62 iae., aoee
aianai? e ?oeiiene aeayeeo a?aeiieo c?a?aiue, ye? ca ??cieo ianoaaei ia
aoee a/anii ao?eaooiaai?, aai /a?ac iaeo /enaeuei?noue naieo ca??ie aoee
?ici?uai? a ??cieo oiiaeao. Oae aoee aeeth/ai? aei o. 72 eieeoi?
?oeiiene OeAI EAeA (11 iae.), ?inoeoooo ei. Aacai?iaeueea (2 iae.),
Iiae?euenueeiai oea?eiaii-a?oaieia?/iiai iocath (5 iae.), Aieeinueeiai
iocath (1 iae.), a?ae?ioaee ??-ai a?aeae?eo AOAI (1 iae.) oa a?o?ao EAeA
(37 iae.).

?noi??y iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?oeiien?a aei ia?ae?/aieo c?a?aiue, a i?ci?oa aei
Ee?aa, na?ae/eoue i?i iiaoooaaiiy a ieioeiio iaaii? /anoeie a?aoeueeeo
eiaeaen?a ? aeieoiaio?a o ??cieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie, iniaeeai a E?eio,
I?aeei?, Iaaeacia’?, Iaean?, aea aiie ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai /ano
aeeiioaaee nai? aaciina?aaei? ooieoe?? o iianyeaeaiiiio aeeoo?
a?aoeueeeo a?iiaae. I?ioa cia/ia /anoea ?oeiien?a iaaeoiaeeea aei
Oe?a?ie aaea ye eieaeoe?eiee iaoa??ae, i?eaeaaiee iaoeiaoeyie aeey
caaeiaieaiiy aeanieo ?ioaeaeooaeueieo iio?aa, ? o?eueee i?ci?oa
ia?aaeaiee aai caeeoaiee o niaaeie a?iiaaenueeino?. Na?aae
eieaeoe?iia??a aai aeaniee?a a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a a?aeii? ae?y/?
i?aaineaaii? oea?eae Noaoai ssai?nueeee, ?aaai?e Aoeaa?en, ??eiae
Oaeueeianueeee, ?aaai?e Aieoiaeo?iia, Aioii?i Eaiono?i, ienueiaiieee e
iaoeiaoe? A. Io?aaeia, O. Eeaaeue/e/, A. Ea/aiianueeee, ?.
Iaeeoaanueeee, I. Eaaeoeueeee oa ?i.

Ia oeae /an a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene IAOA ia?aoiaothoue 453 iae. ?
caa??aathoueny aieiaii a ?inoeooo? ?oeiieno a oaeeo oiiaeao: ? – 5 iae.;
V (IO?N) – 52 iae.; O??? (A?o?a Neiiaeo) – 154 iae.; OV??? (Euea?anueea
a?aei-eaoieeoeueea ieo?iiiee/a eiinenoi??y) – 3 iae.; 72 (Eieaeoe?y
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a) – 61 iae.; 160 (EAeA) – 1 iae.; 193 (Iao?i e
Ieaoii O?i?oeuee?) – 34 iae.; 232 (Ee?anueea aeooiaia eiinenoi??y) – 26
iae.; 301 (OeAI EAeA) – 97 iae.; 305 (Ee?anueea aeooiaia nai?ia??y) – 3
iae.; 306 (EIE) – 2 iae.; 307 (Ee?anueeee Cieioiaa?oee Ieoaee?anueeee
iiianoe?) – 1 iae.; 310 (?oeiiene a?ae?ioaee ?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ei. Aacai?iaeueea a I?aeei?) – 7 iae.; 312 (A?ae?ioaea
Ee?ai-Nio?enueeiai niai?o) – 5 iae. Iaeei a?aoeueeee ?oeiien o neeaae?
eiiaiethoo c iaia??a ?aaai?y Aieoiaeo?iiaa, ia?aaeaieo iei aei
a?ae?ioaee Ee?ai-Nio?enueeiai niai?o, ia?aaoaa? o a?aeae?e? noa?iae?oe?a
IAOA o oiiae? A?. ae?oeo. Ca iaaeaie a?ae?ioaee, o oiiaeao EIE oa a
OeAe?AE, caa??aathoueny ua /ioe?e ?oeiiene, aaiaoe/ii iia’ycai? c
a?aoeueeeie ?oeiienaie IAOA. sse aeieeaa? c aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioaaiiy a
Oe?a?i?, cie?aia a Ee?a?, cia/iiai ianeao a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a aoei
coiiaeaia, c iaeiiai aieo, ia’?eoeaiei ?icaeoeii ? iniaeeainoyie
a?o/eciyii? ?noi???, cie?aia i?ioeanii oeaio?ae?caoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo oa
a?o?aieo oiiae?a, a c ae?oaiai – noa’?eoeaieie ??oaiiyie ie?aieo
aecia/ieo in?a, ye? ia?aaeaaaee ie?ai? iaione?eioe /e ca??ee a aea?
a?ae?ioaeai aai onoaiiaai.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – – ia iniia? eiaeeeieia?/iiai aiae?co aeine?aeaeothoueny
i?iaeaie eeaneo?eaoe?eiiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a ?
oeiieia?? a?aoeueei? ?oeiienii? eieae (eiaeaen?a) ?V-O?O no. I?iaaaeaiee
a aeine?aeaeaii? eeaneo?eaoe?eiee ?iciiae?e on?o a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a ia
aea? aieiai? eaoaai???: iiia?aei? oa aeoia? aeaea?aea, c iiaeaeueoith
eiie?aoecaoe??th a iaaeao oeeo eaoaai??e aeicaieea cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia
ie?aieo aniaeoao a?aoeueei? iaeaia?ao??, a?oaia?ao??, eiaeeeieia?? oa
iecee nii??aeiaieo ?c ieie iaoe. Oae, aeecueei aeaio o?aoei
aeine?aeaeaieo a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a neeaaeathoue aeieoiaioaeuei?, aai
aeoia?, iaoa??aee OV?-OO no.: a?aiioe, iineaiiy, eenoe, ?icienee oiui,
ye? ? ia?oiaeaea?aeaie aeey aena?oeaiiy ?noi??? aee?i?noe/iiai na?oo,
oe?a?inueei-a?aoeueeeo ca’yce?a oa a?aoeueeeo a?iiaae a Oe?a?i?,
Iieaeia?, ?in??, ia Aeecueeiio Noiae?. Oe? ?icia?ooy i?aaenoaaeaiiai
iaoa??aeo, aaniethoia a?eueo?noue yeiai ia iia’ycaia ai? c ?noi???th
a?ae?ioae ye eieaeeiaeo c?a?aiue, ai? c eieaeoe?iioaaiiyi eiaeaen?a ?
nooo?aith iniaeea?noth ee?anueeiai c?a?aiiy. Aeecueei 300 ?oeiien?a o
oiiaeao ?? IAOA ?, aeania, a?o?aieie iaoa??aeaie, ui a?aeeeaaeaeeny a
??cieo onoaiiaao ? ?ai?acaioothoue ye aioo??oi? aca?ieie i?ae a?aeaie,
oae ? ciai?oi? – c i?aaenoaaieeaie ?ioeo ia?iae?a. Cia/ia ?oiy /anoeia
(154 iae.) ? i?eaaoieie eenoaie aei ia/aeueieea ?onueei? i?aaineaaii?
i?n?? a ??onaeei? a?o?iaiae?eoa Aioii?ia Eaiono?ia, ui ia?aaoaathoue
na?aae iaoa??ae?a Na. Neiiaeo (??, o. O???). Ca oaeeo oiia i/aaeaeii, ui
a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene IAOA iiaeooue aooe ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo
o?eieia?/ieo oa ?noi?e/ieo aeenoeeie?i. Oae, cia/i? ca ianyaaie oaenoe
i?noyoue iai’yoee a?aoeueei? iiae a?ae aiioe Aiia?a aei ii/aoeo OO no.,
ui noai?th? oi?eaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aeey aea/aiiy aoaeue-yeiai ia??iaeo
?icaeoeo a?aoeueei? iiae ia aaoaioe/ieo ienueiiaeo aeaea?aeao. Aeaoiaai?
?oeiiene, iaaaaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii? eieioiie oa ia?a?iae?? iathoue
iiai? iciaee ??cieo /an?a ? oaae aeiaaathoue iniaeeai? oaaae.
Iaaecae/aeii oe?iieie aeey a?aoeueeeo o?eieia?a ? a?aee?eo? a ?oeiienao
oieueeei?i?, aoiia?ao?/i?, e?oa?aoo?i? oaenoe, ui a?aeaeaathoue
iniaeeaino? iiae e na?oiaeyaeo a?aoeueei? ethaeiino? i?ioyaii cia/iiai
i?ii?aeeo /ano. I?ioa aa?o?ni?noue a?eueoi? /anoeie ee?anueeeo
iaoa??ae?a (a?aiio, eeno?a, iineaiue oiui) aecia/athoue ?oi?
aaciina?aaei? ooieoe??, ianaiia?aae o aeaea?aeiciaa/iio aniaeo?, – ye
iin??a iaaieo ?noi?e/ieo a?aeiinei, ye aeaea?ae aei aea/aiiy ?noi???
oea?eae, aeeooy a?aoeueeeo a?iiaae, i?eaaoiiai aeeooy /e a?iiaaenueei?
ae?yeueiino? ??cieo in?a. Aiaeii/an on? oe? aeaea?aea noaiiaeyoue
i?aaeiao ?icaeyaeo ? caaaeueii? iaeaia?ao??, a?oaia?ao?? c ?? ie?aieie
iai?yiaie: aeeieiiaoeeith, aeieoiaioiciaanoaii oiui.

Iaioa /anoeia ?oeiien?a – iiia?aei? aeaea?aea, aeiaaa? ia?aaeian?i
aeei?enoaiiy ye o?aaeeoe?eiiai iiaiciaa/iai e e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai
aiae?co, oae ? an??? noeoiiino? iaoiae?a iaeaia?ao?/ieo oa
a?oaia?ao?/ieo aeenoeeie?i ia no/aniiio iaoeiaiio ??ai?. Oae, 134
a?aoeuee? eiaeaene aai ?oi? o?aaiaioe ca ieceith iaeaia?ao?/ieo oa
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iciae neeaaeathoue iniaeeao /anoeio ee?anueeeo
eieaeoe??. Aiie ia?ic?eaii iia’ycai? c ?noi???th a?aoeueei? ?oeiienii?
eieae ? noaiiaeyoue ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aoeueei? eiaeeeieia??. I?ioa
e oe? ?oeiiene, iniaeeai eiaeaene, iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe c
aeaea?aeiciaa/iai iiaeyaeo ye iin??a aaaaoia?eiai? ?noi?e/ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, ia o?eueee ?iaiaioii? aieiaiiio oaenoia?, aea e oaei?, ui
iaeiie/oaaeany o aeaeyae? i?ci?oeo caien?a, iioaoie, eiiaioa??a oiui.
Oeiieia?/iee ?iciiae?e eiaeaen?a ? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith
eiaeeeieia?/iiai aiae?co, a nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?oeiien?a ca oeiieia??th
ie?aieo oaeno?a (? noai?aiiy oaeei /eiii ?ioi?iaoeaiiai aeieo aeaieo i?i
ie?ai? oai?e oa ?oi?o aaoi??a) aeicaiey? aeiianoe aei oe?ieiai caaaeo
ei?enooaa/?a ci?no eiaeiiai a?aoeueeiai ?oeiieno. Aiaeii/an ieoaiiy
oeiieia?? ie?aieo eiaeaen?a ? aecia/aiiy iioiaeaeaiiy o?aaiaio?a
caeeoa?oueny aeeneon?eiei ? aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue
ia?aaeian?i o oai?aoe/i?e ieiuei?.

Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ee?anueeeo eiaeaen?a aoea noai?aia a iaaeao
i?aaineaaii? o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a?eii? i?aeoeee ? ?iciiae?ey?oueny ca
ooieoe?iiaeueieie iciaeaie ia e?oo?a?eio e?oa?aoo?o, iao?enoeeo,
oea?eiaia i?aai, ioce/i? ca??ee, iaa/aeuei? iin?aieee oiui. Eiaeiee c
oaeeo caaaeueieo ?icae?e?a o naith /a?ao i?noeoue nai? i?ae?icae?ee e
a?oie, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue eiie?aoiei aeai?iaei iciaeai aai canaaeai
?ae?a?eii? i?aeoeee. Iaaaeeea /anoeia ?oeiien?a aai ie?aieo oaeno?a
ianeoaiaoaaea aeania na?onuee? iio?aae noni?euenoaa. Na?aae ieo oae?
iai?yie, ye oeea?eueia i?aai, ?noi?e/i? ?ica?aeee, iaoeia?, ooaeiaei? oa
iia/aeuei? oai?e, neiaieee e a?aiaoeee. A?eueo?noue oaeno?a ia? ae?aciee
?ae?a?eiee oa?aeoa?, ui a?aeiia?aea? eoeueoo?ieia?/iei ?enai
noni?euenoaa ia??iaeo aeieeiaiiy oa ?icea?oo a?aoeueei? ?oeiienii?
eieae. Cai?iiiiiaaia aaoi?ii oeiieia?/ia oa i?aaeiaoii-oaiaoe/ia
eeaneo?eaoe?y oaeno?a a?aee?eaa? aeinooi aei a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a
oe?ieiio caaaeia? oao?aoe?a ? aeicaiey? iiaoaeoaaoe aeineiiaeo nenoaio
iiooeo ?ioi?iaoe??. Oaeei /eiii, ia ci?noiaiiio ??ai? aieiaia
aa?o?ni?noue ee?anueeeo eiaeaen?a aecia/a?oueny a ieiuei? a?ae?eieo,
e?oo?a?eieo ? iao?ieia?/ieo nooae?e. Aei ?ae?a?eii? oaiaoeee oyae?? ?
na?onueea /anoeia eieaeoe??: o?einionuee?, i?e?iaeiciaa/?, o?eieia?/i? e
e?oa?aoo?i? oai?e, i?ae?o/ieee, aeeiiai? neoaeeoaeyie oea?eae ia?aaaaeii
ia a?ae?eiiio iaoa??ae? aai c iaoith iaaa?iaiiy /eoa/a aei
o?enoeyinueeiai niiniao aeeooy.

Ca nai?ie iaeaia?ao?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ee?anuee? ?oeiiene
ae??ciythoueny aaeeeei i?ii?aeeii /ano iaienaiiy – a?ae ???/?V aei OO
no., ui a?aee?eaa? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey iciaeiieaiiy c ??ciiaeaeaie
ienueiiaiai iaoa??aeo, naiiai ienueia, ii/a?e?a eii??no?a oiui. Ie?ai?
ae?eyiee aeey niaoe?aeueieo o?eieia?/ieo, ?noi?e/ieo ? ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue noaiiaeyoue oaenoe ? ia?a?iae??, ii?aae, iaoa??ae:
iai??on, ia?aaiai ? iai??, a oaeiae ooaeiaei? iniaeeaino? ?oeiien?a –
i?i?aoth?e, canoaaee, ?i?oe?aee oiui.

Ieoaiiy ia?a?niiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa eieae?caoe?? ?oeiien?a
aena?oeth?oueny a ?icae?e?? ianaiia?aae oeyoii aea/aiiy noiooi?o
i?e?ioaeno?a: eieioii?a, oeoa?nueeeo caien?a oa ?ioeo ia?a?iae?e.
Cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaiaoecaoe?th caien?a ca i?eiaeaaei?noth, oi?iaeueiith
iaiiaiai?noth oa ci?noii. A ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii anaa?/iee aiae?c caien?a
eii??no?a, aeaniee?a oa /eoa/?a ?oeiien?a, ia iniia? yeiai c?iaeaia
ni?iaa ?aeiino?oeoe?? aaiace eiaeaen?a, ?oiuei? eieae?caoe?? o i?inoi??
, ui a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe i?noea
e /an iaienaiiy eiaeaen?a, ?aeiie ?oiueiai iiaoooaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
ee?anuee? a?aoeuee? eiaeaene iia’ycai? c oaeeie ina?aaeeaie a?aoeueeiai
?ae?a?eiiai oa noni?eueiiai aeeooy ye Eiinoaioeiiiieue, Aoii, A?aoe?y,
Aeecueeee No?ae (Iaeanoeia), Aio?io?y, I?aaeaiia ?oae?y,
Iieaeiaeao?enuee? i?eioeeiaoe, E?ei, Iiaee?a-Iiae?euenueeee, I?aeei,
Iineaa. Eieae?caoe?y ?aeii?a iiaoooaaiiy eiaeaen?a, aecia/aiiy
i?eiaeaaeiino? a?aoeueeei a?iiaaeai, ie?aiei iniaai, a?ae?ioaeai iaaea?
noeioe aeaea?aeiciaa/ei nooae?yi, ye? iaee ae iia’ycaoe ?noi??th
eiaeaen?a ?c ?noi???th ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a, cie?aia i?noa I?aeeia oa ?ioeo
i?noeue i?iaeeaaiiy a?ae?a a Oe?a?i? OV??-O?O no. Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia?a?iae?e ? oaeiae aaaeeeaei ?noi?e/iei aeaea?aeii aeey aeiiiaiaiiy
iaoeo ciaiue i?i a?aeiieo ?noi?e/ieo in?a, i?aaenoaaiee?a a?aoeueei?
ae?anii?e, aeooiaainoaa, iaoeiaoe?a oiui. Aiie noaiiaeyoue cia/iee
aianie aei o?eieia?/ieo oa ?noi?e/ieo aeenoeeie?i, ine?eueee
cai?iaaaeaeothoue o iaoeiaee ia?a iaa?aeii? ?ai?oa e?oa?aoo?i?,
oieueeei?i? iaoa??aee, na?ae/aiiy no/aniee?a ??cieo iiae?e.

O aeniiaeao i?aenoiiaai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, na?aae yeeo aieiai?
oae?:

1. ?noi??ia?ao?y ieoaiiy na?ae/eoue i?i cia/aiiy ?ica?aeie o aaeoc?
a?aoeueei? iaeaia?ao?? oa eiaeeeieia?? ia iaoa??ae? ?oeiien?a, ui
ia?aaoaathoue a Oe?a?i?, i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue o
o?eieia?/iiio (e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai, iiaiciaanoai, oaenoieia?y),
aeaea?aeiciaa/iio (iiae?? na?oiai? oa a?o/eciyii? ?noi???,
aeieoiaioae?noeea), eieaiciaa/iio (a?aoeueea ?oeiienia eieaa ?V-O?O no.)
oa a?ae?ioaeiciaa/iio (a?aoeuee? c?a?aiiy, a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie) aniaeoao.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a, ?o iien ? neeaaeieeaie
aee?i?noe/ieo nooae?e a Oe?a?i?, ye? a?ae?a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue o
oi?ioaaii? iaoeiai? oa noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?, aieeaathoue ia ia?aa?a
eoeueoo?ieo i?ioean?a, ni?eythoue iiaeaeueo?e ?ioaa?aoe?? aea?aeaae a
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueea oa na?oiaa oiaa?enoai.

2. ?noi??y oi?ioaaiiy ei?iono a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a Ee?aa a?aeaeaa?
ia’?eoeaiee i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy e oeaio?ae?caoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo oiiae?a,
ui aeoea?coaaany a ae?oa?e iieiaei? O?O no. ? aoa aeoeaii i?iaeiaaeaiee
ca /an?a N?N?. Aei Ee?aa a ??ci? ia??iaee iaaeoiaeeee iaeoe?ii?o?
?oeiieni? eieaeoe?? Oe?a?ie, na?aae ieo a?aoeuee? ?oeiiene,
cina?aaeaeai? iei? ia?aaaaeii a IAOA. Ca ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee i?ioean
iaeiie/aiiy oa ii?aoethaaiiy ?oeiienieo iaoa??ae?a /anii i?eeiaa
niioai?ai? oi?ie, caciaaaa ?aeaieia?/ieo aieea?a, ui iicia/aeiny ia
noai? caa?aaeaiiy ?oeiien?a, ia i?iaaaeaii? ?iaaioa?ecaoe??, iaoeiai?
?iaioe, aiane?aeie /iai cia/ia /anoeia a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a oi?iaeiaae
aeanyoee?oue caeeoaeany iaa?aeiiith iaoeiaoeyi. Inoaii?e iae?e
a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a IAOA, ui neeaa iniiao ?oiuei? eaoaeia?caoe??
a?aeaoany a 1988-1992 ??.

3. I?aeaioiaeaiee aaoi?ii eaoaeia ?oeiien?a ?? IAOA oa ?noi?e/ii
iia’ycaieo ?c ieie ?oeiien?a EIE oa OeAe?AE aeicaiey? i?iaanoe
eeaneo?eaoe?eiee oa oeiieia?/iee aiae?c ?oeiien?a, i?aeaanoe i?aenoiee
a?eueo i?ae noi??/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi ee?anueeeo ?oeiien?a. Na?aae 456
aeyaeaieo aaoi?ii o Ee?a? a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a 154 noaiiaeyoue iiia?aei?
aeaea?aea: ?oeiieni? eieaeee (eiaeaene) oa ?io? iiia?aei? iaoa??aee.
O?iiieia?/iee ?iciiae?e 134 eiaeaen?a na?ae/eoue, ui aiie aoee noai?ai?
i?ioyaii: ???/?V no. – 1 iae.; V/V? no. – 1 iae.; V? no. – 1 iae.;
V???/?O no. – 1 iae.; ?O/O no. – 5 iae.; O no. – 3 iae.; O/O? no. – 3
iae.; O? no. – 6 iae.; O?/O?? no. – 4 iae.; O?? no. – 6 iae.; O??/O???
no. – 9 iae.; O?V no. – 9 iae.; OV no. – 6 iae.; OV/OV? no. – 1 iae.;
OV? no. – 6 iae.; OV?? no.– 15 iae.; OV??? no. – 43 iae.; O?O no. – 20
iae. ?aooa iiia?aeieo aeaea?ae: i?eaaoi? eii?? a?aeiieo oai??a,
e?oa?aoo?ii-oai?/? iaoa??aee (a oiio /ene? aaoia?aoe), iaienai? a
ae?oa?e iieiaei? OV??? – ia ii/aoeo OO no. Aeieoiaioaeuei? aeaea?aea a
e?eueeino? a?eueoa 300 iae., ia?aaaaeii aeaoiaai?, aoee oeeaaeai?
ai?iaeiaae OV? no. – 1iae.; OV?? no. – 5 iae.; OV??? no. – 78 iae.; O?O
no. – 215 iae.; ia ii/aoeo OO no. – 1 iae.

4. Oeiieia?/iee ?iciiae?e eiaeaen?a ? oaeno?a ?ice?eaa? ?oi?e ci?no ye
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, na?ae/eoue i?i iaeaaei?noue aei oaeeo iai?yi?a
noni?eueii? aeoiee: 1. A?ae?eia e?oa?aoo?a (Iiaee Caiia?o, Inaeoe?,
a?ae?eia ?noi??y, aiie?eoe, ?iaeaene oiui); 2. E?oo?a?/ia e?oa?aoo?a
(e?oo?a??, /eie iinoaaeaiiy e neoaeae, A?o???aoeeiie, ??iieia?iie,
iieeoiaieee, Neiaena??, I?nyoeaneiae, I?ia?, Ia?aee?oeee, Iaioeeinoa??,
neoaeae nayoei, eaiiie, ni?ai/? eieae: Aioieia?iie, ??iieia?iie,
Eae?aaa??iie, Ieoi?oe, Iaiaae?ee, Noeoe?a??, Oai?aoeeiie); 3. Iao?enoeea
(oeoia/aiiy oai??a, iia/aiiy: iineaiiy, i?iiia?ae? e neiaa, iia/aeuei?
iia?no? e aeeo?y, naioaioe??); 4. Oea?eiaia oa na?onueea i?aai
(iiiieaiiie, oei?eiie, iiaaee, ca??ee caeii?a); 5. O?einio?y e
i?e?iaeie/? iaoee; 6. ?noi??y; 7. E?oa?aoo?i? iai’yoee
(aeaaiueia?aoeuee?, a?caio?enuee?, iiai? aeiae); 8. Iaa/aeuei? iaoa??aee
(neiaieee, a?aiaoeee, i?ae?o/ieee).

Oia?oa aeey an??? noeoiiino? a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a IAOA iiaeaii
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ienueia, aeai? i?i iayai?noue ooaeiaeiueiai ioi?ieaiiy,
cie?aia i?i?aoth?, canoaaie, ?i?oe?ae?a oiui. Oi?eaeuei?noue ie?aieo
?oeiien?a, aai ?oi?o neeaaeiaeo iciae – oaeno?a, ooaeiaeiueiai
icaeiaeaiiy, ii?aa aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai aeaoae?ciaaiiai ?icaeyaeo a
iaaeao niaoe?aeueieo ?noi?e/ieo, o?eieia?/ieo aai ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo
aeenoeeie?i.

5. Eiaeeeieia?/iee aiae?c, cie?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy eieioii?a ?
ia?a?iae?e, aeicaiey? ?aeiino?othaaoe ?noi??th ie?aieo ca??ie oa
?oeiien?a, anoaiiaeoe aaiaoe/i? ca’ycee i?ae eiaeaenaie ??cieo
eieaeoe?e, ?oith eieae?caoe?th, aeiaanoe ?aei?noue ia?a?niiai
iioiaeaeaiiy aai iiaoooaaiiy a iaaiiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio /e noni?eueiiio
na?aaeiaeu?. Ae??ciythoueny ca??ee eiaeaen?a, ia’?aeiai? ?aeeiei
aeanieeii (Aioii?i Eaiono?i, A.I. Io?aaeia, ?.?. Iaeeoaanueeee, ?iaeeia
Aao?in?a oiui), i?eiaeaaei?noth aei ?aa?iiaeueieo a?aoeueeeo a?iiaae
(I?aeei, E?ei, Iaaeacia’y) aai a?aoeueeeo oea?eia ? iiianoe??a. ?oeiiene
iathoue iciaee iaienaiiy aai o?eaaeiai aeei?enoaiiy ye a ?noi?e/ieo
aee?i?noe/ieo oeaio?ao Iaei? Ac??, Aeecueeiai Noiaeo, Aaeeainueeiai
i?aino?iaa, oae ? a ?aeiiao iioe?aiiy a?aoeueei? ae?anii?e ia oa?eoi???
no/anieo Iieaeiae, Oe?a?ie, ?in??.

O Aeiaeaoeo aei aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeaii a?oaia?ao?/iee iien (eaoaeia)
134 a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a, ui neeaa iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ? eiai
iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

A?ioo?e

1. A?aoeuee? aeoia? aeieoiaioe ? eenoe: C oiiae?a OeIA ?i. A.?.
Aa?iaaenueeiai AI O?N?. Eaoaeia ?oeiien?a OV?-O?O no. – E.: ?inoeooo
?noi??? Oe?a?ie AI Oe?a?ie, 1991. – 54 n.

2. A?aoeueeee No?ae ? Oe?a?ia: Eenoe a?aoeueeiai aeooiaainoaa o oiiaeao
?inoeoooo ?oeiieno OeIA ?i. A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie. – E.:
?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, 1994. – 92 n.

3. I?aeeinueea a?aoeueea a?aonoai: ?noi??ia?ao?y, a?o?ae, ia?niaeoeae
aeine?aeaeaiue. – E.: ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, 1998 –
(?noi?e/i? cioeoe). – 97 n.

Noaoo?

1. A?aoeuee? aeoe a ?oeiienieo c?a?aiiyo OeIA ?i. A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai AI
Oe?a?ie // ?oeiienia oa eieaeeiaa niaaeueia Oe?a?ie. – E.: ?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao?? IAI Oe?a?ie, 1993. – Aei. 1. – N. 217-237.

2. A?a/aneea ?oeiiene a eeaaneeo o?aieeeuao // Ooe?a?i?oea: a?o?ai?
nooae??. – E.: ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao?? IAI Oe?a?ie, 1997. –
Aei. 1. – N. 177-196.

3. ?iaia e i??caenueea ca iaoa??aeaie iiieiaeueiee?a i?aaineaaieo a?ae?a
E?eio ia?oi? iieiaeie OV??? no. // Caienee ?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiai
oiaa?enoaa Aiae??y A?eaoeueeiai. – E., 1997. – Aei. 1. – N. 32-45 (o
ni?aaoi?noa? c I. Aaeaieii).

4. Eieaa iiaea?oa I?aeeinueeiai a?aoeueeiai a?aonoaa (1696-1786) //
Caienee ?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa Aiae??y A?eaoeueeiai. – E.,
1997. – Aei. 1. – N. 91-102, 143-179.

5. Eieioiie oa ia?a?iae?? a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a Ee?aa // Caienee
?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa Aiae??y A?eaoeueeiai. –E., 1998. –
Aei. 2. – N. 30-43.

6. Eieaeeiaa niaaeueia a?ae?a Oe?a?ie (Iiianoe? Na. Eaoa?eie a Ee?a?)
// ?oeiienia oa eieaeeiaa niaaeueia Oe?a?ie. – E.: IAOA, ?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao?? oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I. A?ooaanueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie, 1998. – Aei. 4. – N. 262-280.

*a?ioo?i ?.E. A?aoeuee? ?oeiiene ?V-OO no. o oiiaeao Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai: eiaeeeieia?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.08. – eieaiciaanoai, a?ae?ioaeiciaanoai,
a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoai. – ?inoeooo ?oeiieno IAO ?iai? A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai,
Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi iioiaeaeaiiy oa iieno a?aoeueeeo
?oeiien?a o oiiaeao IAO ?iai? A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai a Ee?a?. Oia?oa ia
iniia? a?oaia?ao?/iiai iieno a?eueo i?ae 450 a?aoeueeeo ?oeiien?a
aeine?aeaeaia ?noi??y iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?o aei ??cieo eieaeeiaeo c?a?aiue ?
eieaeoe?e Oe?a?ie, i?ci?oa – aei IAOA, aena?oeaia ?noi??ia?ao?y ieoaiiy,
i?iaaaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e a?aoeueeeo iaoa??ae?a, oeiieia?th
oa aeai?iao eeaneo?eaoe?th ?oeiienieo eiea ? oaeno?a ?V-O?O no.,
iaaaaeaia aeaoaeueia a?oaia?ao?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?aoeueeeo eiaeaen?a,
i?iaiae?ciaai? caiene eii??no?a ? aeaniee?a. Ca i?aenoieaie anaa?/iiai
eiaeeeieia?/iiai aiae?co cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe ?aeiino?oeoe?? neeaaeo
ie?aieo eieaeeiaeo c?a?aiue, eieae?caoe?? ?aeii?a noai?aiiy e
iiaoooaaiiy eiaeaen?a. Anoaiiaeai? ca’ycee ?oeiien?a ?c ?aa?iiaie
Aeecueeiai Noiaeo, I?aaeaiii? ?oae??, E?eio, I?aeeia. O aeiaeaoeao
iiaeaii a?oaia?ao?/iee iien (eaoaeia) 134 a?aoeueeeo ?oeiienieo eiea
(eiaeaen?a) o ee?anueeeo c?a?aiiyo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?oaia?ao?/iee iien, ?oeiienia eieaa, a?aoeuee?
?oeiiene, eiaeeeieia?/iee aiae?c, oeiieia?y eieae.

Chernukhin E. K. Greek Manuscripts from the 4th to 20th century in the
V.I.Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine: codicological research.
Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate in Philology in the field
07.00.08. Book History, Library Science, Bibliography. Manuscript
Institute of the V.I.Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the codicological study of the Greek
manuscripts stock in the National V.I.Vernadsky Library of Ukraine in
Kyiv. For the first time 465 manuscripts have been thoroughly described,
and their ways to various book collections of Ukraine and later to the
National Library are investigated. The history of previous scientific
descriptions, functional and archeographical characteristics of Greek
material, typological and genre classification of Greek codices and
texts from the 4th to the 19th century, as well as the commented notes
of the book scribes and owners are presented. On the basis of complete
codicological analysis the ways of reconstruction of libraries and
collections, the localization of places (Near East, South Italy, Crimea,
Azov Sea region, Nizhyn, etc.) where the codices were written or used
are proposed. The Supplement contains the catalogue with archeographic
desription of 134 Greek manuscripts (codices) in Kyiv depositories.

Key words: archeographical description, codices, Greek manuscripts,
codicological analysis, book typological classification.

*a?iooei A.E. A?a/aneea ?oeiiene ?V-OO no. a oiiaeao Iaoeeiiaeueiie
aeaeeioaee Oe?aeiu eiaie A.E. Aa?iaaeneiai: eiaeeeieiae/aneia
enneaaeiaaiea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.08. – eieaiaaaeaiea, aeaeeioaeiaaaeaiea,
aeaeeia?aoiaaaeaiea. – Einoeooo ?oeiiene IAO eiaie A.E. Aa?iaaeneiai,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?ienoiaeaeaiey e iienaiey a?a/aneeo
?oeiienae, o?aiyueony a oiiaeao IAO eiaie A.E. Aa?iaaeneiai a Eeaaa.
A?oaia?aoe/aneia iienaiea aieaa 450 a?a/aneeo ?oeiienae iicaieeei aueoe
ia aieaa aunieee o?iaaiue iaiauaiee e ?aoeoue ?yae acaeiinaycaiiuo
i?iaeai. Oae, enneaaeiaaiea enoi?ee iinooieaiey ?oeiienae a eieaeiua
nia?aiey e eieaeoeee iieacaei, /oi a Oe?aeia a OV??-O?O aa. iaeiieaiea
a?a/aneeo ?oeiienae i?ienoiaeeei a ?acoeueoaoa aeayoaeueiinoe a?a/aneeo
iauei, eniieueciaaaoeo a?a/aneee ycue e a?a/aneea eieae, aeieoiaiou a
iianaaeiaaiie aeecie, e eae neaaenoaea i?eoiea a Oe?aeio eieeaeoeeiiiuo
iaoa?eaeia, aaiceiuo ec A?aoeee e Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea. Aiineaaenoaee
aieueoay /anoue a?a/aneeo ?oeiienae nin?aaeioa/eaaaony a aeaeeioaeao e
iocayo ?acee/iuo ai?iaeia Oe?aeiu, a a 20–30-a aiaeu OO no. iinooiaao a
IAO.

Enoi?eia?aoey aii?ina naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ?aaii i cia/eiinoe a?a/aneeo
iaoa?eaeia aeey inaauaiey aii?inia enoi?ee, a /anoiinoe, Oe?aeiu eae
ianoa i?iaeeaaiey iiiai/eneaiiie a?a/aneie aeeanii?u, e i oeaiiinoe
eeaaneeo ?oeiienae a iauae nie?iaeuieoea ienueiaiiiai ianeaaeey
Aecaioee. Oiaaeie yeeeienoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee a Oe?aeia a 1930-1980
aa. aue io/anoe eiiiaine?iaai cia/eoaeueiui eioa?anii e a?a/aneei
?oeiienyi Iaeannu, Eeaaa ni noi?iiu ?inneeneeo e ca?oaaaeiuo o/aiuo.
Iniaia cia/aiea aeey aeoeaecaoeee ?aaiou ii auyaeaieth e iienaieth
a?a/aneeo ?oeiienae a Eeaaa eiaee noaouee A.E. Oiiee/a. Iaeiaei,
ionoonoaea iao/iiai eaoaeiaa caiaaeeyei ?acaeoea a?a/aneie eiaeeeieiaee
a Oe?aeia. Iiaeaioiaeaiiia aaoi?ii aeenna?oaoeee a?oaia?aoe/aneia
iienaiea yaeyaony ia?aui iieiui eaoaeiaii a?a/aneeo ?oeiienae a eeaaneeo
o?aieeeuao e iniiaie i?iaaaeaiey oe?ieiai niaeo?a oeeieiae/aneeo e
enoi?e/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. ?yae aii?inia eieaiaaae/aneiai e
enoi/ieeiaaae/aneiai oa?aeoa?a aue iinoaaeai aaoi?ii e a iioaeeeiaaiiuo
a 1991-1999 aa. noaoueyo i a?a/aneeo iaoa?eaeao ec oiiaeia IAOA.

Ii naiei ooieoeeiiaeueiui oa?aeoa?enoeeai a?a/aneea iaoa?eaeu eeaaneeo
o?aieeeu aeaeyony ia aeaa ia?aaiua /anoe, aieueooth ec eioi?uo (ie. 300
aae.) i?aaenoaaeytho aeieoiaioaeueiua enoi/ieee, naycaiiua n
aeayoaeueiinoueth a Oe?aeia a?a/aneeo iauei, iaee/eai o?aaeeoeeiiiuo
oea?eiaiuo e eoeueoo?iuo naycae. N?aaee ia??aoeaiuo enoi/ieeia eaaei
ii?aaeaeyaony /anoue eeoa?aoo?ii-oai?/aneeo iaoa?eaeia, o/aaiuo
oao?aaeae, iicaeieo eiiee. I?aaenoaaeaiiua a ?aaioa oeiieiae/aneay e
aeai?iaay eeanneoeeaoeee ?oeiieniuo eiea e oaenoia ?V-O?O no.
iieacuaatho caiaoiia i?aiaeaaeaiea a eeaaneie eieeaeoeee aiaineoaeaaiie
e nayoiioa/aneie eeoa?aoo?u, iaee/ea aaeeie/iuo nieneia eeanne/aneeo
eeoa?aoo?iuo i?iecaaaeaiee, ni/eiaiee aecaioeeneeo e iiaia?a/aneeo
ienaoaeae. A ?aaioa i?eaaaeaiu iaiauaiiua a?oaia?aoe/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee eiaeaenia (o?iiieiaey, iaoa?eae, nio?aiiinoue, ienueii,
ooaeiaeanoaaiiua iniaaiiinoe, ia?aieaou), nenoaiaoece?iaaiu e
i?iaiaeece?iaaiu caiene ienoeia e aeaaeaeueoeaa. Ia iniiaa ananoi?iiiaai
eiaeeeieiae/aneiai aiaeeca i?aaeeiaeaia ?aeiino?oeoeey ninoaaa
ioaeaeueiuo nia?aiee, eieaeecaoeey ianoa nicaeaiey e auoiaaiey
eiaeaenia. Ii?aaeaeyaony i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue ?oeiienae ioaeaeueiui eeoeai
(Aioiieio Eaionoeio, A.I. Io?aaueaao, naiuea Aao?inia e ae?.), a?a/aneei
iaueiai E?uia, Iaaeeia, I?eacianeiai ?aaeiia, a oaeaea oea?eayi e
iiianou?yi Eeaaa, Iiaeeaaa-Iiaeieueneiai, Iaaeeia. Iiiaea ?oeiiene ianoo
i?eiaou nicaeaiey eee aeeeoaeueiiai i?aauaaiey eae a enoi?e/aneeo
yeeeienoe/aneeo oeaio?ao ia Aaeeaiao e Aeeaeiai Ainoiea, a Iaeie Acee e
a THaeiie Eoaeee, oae e a naaa?iuo ?aeiiao ?ani?ino?aiaiey a?a/aneie
aeeanii?u ia oa??eoi?ee nia?aiaiiie Iieaeiau, ?innee e Oe?aeiu.
Iaiouaieaiui i?eeiaeaieai aeenna?oaoeee yaeyaony a?oaia?aoe/aneia
iienaiea (eaoaeia) 134 a?a/aneeo eiaeaenia (?oeiieniuo eiea) ?V-O?O a. a
E? IAOA, Iaoeeiiaeueiii enoi?eei-eoeueoo?iii caiiaaaeieea
e Oeaio?aeueiii ainoaea?noaaiiii enoi?e/aneii
a?oeaa Oe?aeiu a a. Eeaaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: a?oaia?aoe/aneia iienaiea, ?oeiieniay eieaa, a?a/aneea
?oeiiene, eiaeeeieiae/aneee aiaeec, oeiieiaey eieae.

1 A?aino?ai A., Eaaaaeaaa E., Oiiee/ A. Ia?niaeoeaa iienaiey a?a/aneeo
?oeiienae niaaoneeo o?aieeeu // A?oaia?aoe/aneee aaeaaiaeiee ca 1972 a.
– I., 1974. – N. 253-255.

2 I?i noai ni?aa o oea?ei? a?aoeueei? iaeaia?ao?? a N?N? o 1945-1960 ??.
aeea. noaoo?: Naiiaeo?iaa C.A. Ia eco/aiee a?a/aneiai ?oeiieniiai
ianeaaeey a NNN? (1945–1971 aa.) // A?oaia?aoe/aneee aaeaaiaeiee ca 1971
a. – I., 1972. – N. 50-57; A?oaia?aoe/aneee aaeaaiaeiee ca 1972 a. – I.,
1974. – N. 71-81; Oiiee/. A. A?a/aneea ?oeiiene niaaoneeo o?aieeeu //
Nooae?a oeiae?oeieith?oea. – Aa?e?i,1977. – N. 189-195.

3 Aeea. Oa?aioue?aa I., *a?ioo?i ?. A?aee Oe?a?ie: aeaea?aeiciaa/ee
aniaeo // Oe?a?ia – A?aoe?y: a?o?aia oa eieaeeiaa niaaeueia a?ae?a
Oe?a?ie : Ca. iaoe. i?. – E.: ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie,
1998. – N. 3-11.

4 Oeueyiianueeee A.?., Aeoa?ia?ia E.A., Iiaioaonueeee E.?. A?o?aia oa
?oeiienia Oe?a?i?ea. I?ia?aia aeyaeaiiy, iae?eo, iieno a?o?aieo
aeieoiaio?a ? ?oeiienieo eiea oa noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaieo
?ioi?iaoe?? ii aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaea?aeao c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie // A?o?aia
oa ?oeiienia Oe?a?i?ea: Iaoa??aee ?icoe?aii? i?aea?aeii/i? ia?aaee ii
iaaiai?aiith Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie. Ee?a, 17 aeiaoiy 1991 ?. – E., 1992
(I?iaeaie aaeeoe?eii? oa eaia?aeueii? a?oaia?ao??: ?noi??y, oai??y,
iaoiaee; Aei. 1).

5 Oiiee/ A.E. Eeaaneee nienie a?a/aneie aa?nee //
IAOeIY (Aanoiee ioaeaeaiey iauanoaaiiuo iaoe AI ANN?. Na?ey ycuea e
eeoa?aoo?u). – 1973. – ? 2. – N. 178-182; Oiiee/ A.E. Caiaoee i
a?a/aneeo ?oeiienyo niaaoneeo o?aieeeu (1-4) // AA. – I., 1974. –O. 36.
– N. 134-138; 163. Oiiee/ A.E. Caiaoee i a?a/aneeo ?oeiienyo niaaoneeo
o?aieeeu (5-12) // AA ca 1981 a. Iaiyoieee eoeueoo?u. Iiaua ioe?uoey. –
E., 1983. – N. 11-27.

6 Oiiee/ A.E. Aioiiei Eaionoei eae niae?aoaeue a?a/aneeo ?oeiienae //
Ae?aaia?onneia eneonnoai : ?oeiieniay eieaa. – I., 1983. – Na. 3. – N.
368-389.

7 Oiiee/ A.E. A?a/aneea ?oeiiene A.I. Io?aaueaaa // AA ca 1984 a. – I.,
1985. – N. 235-247.

8 Aeea. nienie ioae?eaoe?e aaoi?a.

I?aei. aei ae?oe. 7.10.99 ?. Oi?iao 60o90/ 16

Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 0, 9. Iae. – aeae. a?e. 1, 0.

Iaeeaae 100. Cai. 484

i. Ee?a, O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao?? oa aeaea?aeiciaanoaa

?i. I. N. A?ooaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

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