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I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa

Aao-Aoaeo OEeae Iooaiaae ae?

OAeE 618.3-002.3-084-037-089.168.1

Ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy i?eaeaoe?a iaoee, oaeoi?e ?eceeo, i?iaiic
? i?io?eaeoeea oneeaaeiaiue a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?

14.01.01 – Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

A?iieoey – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaci?/oe Ai?en Oaaei?iae/, A?iieoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Cae?inueeee Ieaenaiae? Ieaen?eiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ia?eiaoaeueii? iaaeeoeeie, aeeoy/i? oa i?aee?oeiai?
a?iaeieia?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo IIC
Oe?a?ie;

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? THcueei Ieaenaiae? Ieoaeeiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? IIC Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
Ae.Aaeeoeueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “26” _aeiaoiy_ 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E05.600.01 i?e A?iieoeueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa (286018,
i.A?iieoey, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 56).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa (286018, i.
A?iieoey, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 56).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “26” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.?.Iieeaeueei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy i?eaeaoe?a iaoee
(ACCII) a?aeiinyoueny aei iaeoyaeei? iaoieia?? a a?iaeieia??.
Aeooaeuei?noue ACCII iaoiiaeaia aaaaoia?aii?noth i?iaeaie, ?? /anoioith
cono??/a?iino?, no?oeoo?ith caoaeiee?a, canoinoaaiiyi
aioo??oiueiiaoeiaeo eiio?aoeaioea?a, /anoioith i?neyiia?aoe?eieo
oneeaaeiaiue, ?o i?io?eaeoeeith ? ?aaa?e?oaoe??th i?ney iia?aoe?? – ana
oea noaaeoue ACCII a ?aia nioe?aeueii-iaaee/ii? i?iaeaie. Oe?e iaoieia??
i?enay/aii aaaaoi ?ia?o ye a iao?e, oae ? a ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo??
(Aioiiiaa E.A. e ae?., 1990; E?aniiiieueneee A.A., 1990, 1999; Eaaithoa
E.E., 1992; Iiaecieeiaa I.I., 1993; No?eaeaeia A.I. e ae?., 1996;
Nieueneee ss.I. e ae?., 1996; Iaci?/oe A.O., 1997; AEo/aiei I.A. oa
?io?, 1998; Arora M. et al., 1992; Faro S. et al., 1993; Cardona A.,
1996;). Ia caaaeath/e ia aaaaoi/eneaii?noue ?ia?o, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e, c’?cae?a, iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ana ae oaee
caeeoa?oueny aaaaoi ua ia ?ic?iaeaieo ieoaiue i?iaeaiiiai oa?aeoa?o. Aei
ieo iaeaaeaoue:

1. Ia aea/aia aeeiai?ea /anoioe aeieeiaiiy ca inoaii? ?iee oe???
iaoieia??, ?? i?iaiico ia iaeaeeae/? ?iee, ui ia? nioe?aeueii-iaaee/ia
cia/aiiy uiaei i?e?inoo ianaeaiiy, aeiiii?/ieo cao?ao ia ?? ae??oaiiy,
i?io?eaeoeee oneeaaeiaiue i?ney iia?aoe??, a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
oai?eo.

2. Ia aea/ai? ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/i? oaeoi?e ?eceeo uiaei ?o aieeao ia
ia?ao?ae iaai?eieo a ai?ei? oi?ie caiaeaiiy i?eaeaoe?a iaoee.

3. Iaia? i?inoeo, aeinooiieo, iaa?oioiaaieo cania?a ae?aaiinoeee noaio
aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e oa ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oai?eo, ye? iiaeia
aoei a aeei?enoaoe ia o?eueee a noaoe?iia??, aea e a
aiaoeaoi?ii-iie?ee?i?/ieo ? iaa?oue a aeiiaoi?o oiiaao.

4. Iaiao?aei?noue aeiiiaiaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a aaaeaiiy
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo o oai?eo c ACCII iiaeie a?io?ce/ieie
iaoiaeaie a eiiieaen? c iaaeeeaiaioiciith oa?ai??th c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
ii??iino? oa ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oai?eo.

E??i oeueiai ?nio? ?yae i?iaeai caaaeueiiai cia/aiiy. Aei oaeeo i?iaeai
ne?ae a?aeianoe ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe o?aini?n?eieo caoai?thaaiue, ye?
ia?aaeathoueny noaoaaei oeyoii. E??i aiii?a?, neo?e?no aeieeea ?ioa
aaia?aoe?y ?ioaeoe?? – oeai?ae?ic, aa?aeia?aeueic, ?ioaeoe?eii-a?eaeia?
caoai?thaaiiy, a??oni?, i?ioiciei? oa ?io? caoaeieee (I?eye
Aeae.?eaeaeoae, 1984; Oaoeei A.A., Iaa?ia E.E., 1988:). I?e/iio, aaeeea
/anoeia ?c ieo iaei aai cian?i ia/ooeeaa aei aioea?ioee?a ? ?ioeo
aioenaioe/ieo i?aia?ao?a, ui a cia/i?e i??? iia??oothoue i?iaeaio
e?eoaaiiy ACCII.

A inoaii? ?iee aeieeei ieoaiiy i?i cia/aiiy i?eiieaciiae?eii? ?ioaeoe??
o aeieeiaii? ACCII. *anoioa oe??? ?ioaeoe?? i?e aino?iio caiaeaii?
i?eaeaoe?a iaoee aeinyaa? 10 – 15% (No?eaeaeia A.I., 1998:
E?aniiiieueneee A.A., 1999 ? ?i.).

O iao /an aeieeea aeoaea aaaeeeaa i?iaeaia: canoinoaaiiy
aioo??oiueiiaoeiai? eiio?aoeaioe?? (AIE) ye iaeia ?c iniiaieo i?e/ei o
aeieeiaii? oyaeeeo oi?i ACCII.

I?e canoinoaaii? AIE ?ecee aeieeiaiiy caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue
ca?eueoeany a 3 – 9 ?ac?a (Aioiiiaa E.A. e ae?., 1990; Oao/a? ?.A. e
ae?., 1994). Ca aeaieie No?eaeaeiaa A.I., Iiaecieeiai? I.I. (1996) o
21,4% ae?iie aeieeiaiiy ai?eii? ?ioaeoe?? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c
canoinoaaiiyi AIE, i?e/iio o?eaae?noue aeei?enoaiiy ni??ae? ia?aaeuoaaei
3,5 ?ie?a.

Iniaeeai aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith ? iia?aoeaia e?eoaaiiy ACCII. Aac
noii?ao, i?ae/an iia?aoe?? iaiao?aeii aeaeaeeoe aiaieua ?ioaeoe??
(ooaiiaa??aeueiee aanoean, i?inaeuei?ien) ?iiae? a oiiaao
iaeuea?iia?eoii?oo. Aea o ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ia??iaeo iia?aoe?y
iiaeiia aooe iaeneiaeueii i?aaiicaa?aaeoaaeueiith. Oea iaoiiaeaii ia
o?eueee iiaeeeaei caa?aaeaiiyi ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? oa iaino?oaeueii?
ooieoe?e, aea e i?io?eaeoeeith na?eicieo i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue.

Ca aeaieie (Naaaeueaaa A.N., Aieeai?neiai A.A., Aaeueoaiaea A.?.,
O?aneeia I.N., Oiiaciaa A.I., 1984), iaeaea 17% eaoaeueieo iane?aee?a o
o??o?a?? i?ney ieaiiaeo oa 27% i?ney oa?i?iiaeo iia?aoe?e iaoiiaeaii
ai?eii-caiaeueieie oneeaaeiaiiyie.

ACCII a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? iaaoaa? aeeeth/ii aaaeeeai?
i?iaeaie. Oiio iaiao?aeii ciaoe oaeoi?e ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy, aenieo
oaoi?eo iia?aoe?? oa aoaeoeaio i?io?eaeoeeo oe??? iaoieia??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ?
/anoeiith eiiieaenii? Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “I?iaeaie iaoa?einoaa,
aeeoeinoaa oa ?iaeeie a no/anieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao Oe?a?ie”
(? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196 U018907) ? aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei
ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ? 1
A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa.

Ana oea aecia/eei iaoo oa caaaeaiiy iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoa ?iaioe.Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe oa cai?iiiioaaoe no/aniee eiiieaeniee
iaoiae i?io?eaeoeee oneeaaeiaiue o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o oai?eo
c ACCII oa ?o ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy iniiaieo oaeoi??a
?eceeo aeieeiaiiy iaoieia??, ?? i?iaiico, aecia/aiiy noaio
aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e oa ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oai?eo ? eiio?ieth
aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo caoiae?a.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. Aea/eoe /anoioo cono??/a?iino? ACCII, ?? i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy ca 8
?ie?a (1990-1997 ??.) ca iaoa??aeaie a?iaeieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy
iaeanii? e?ea?i? ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa.

2. Aecia/eoe ?ieue iniiaieo ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo, ui
ni?eythoue ia?aoiaeo iaai?eieo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue i?eaeaoe?a iaoee
a ai?ei? oi?ie.

3. Aea/eoe ??aaiue aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e ? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio ca
aeaieie eaeeia?aie, e?ioioeeoa?ii-naaiaioiyaea?iiai eiao?oe??ioo (e/n)
oa eiiieaeno ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a.

4.Iaa?oiooaaoe oa cai?iiiioaaoe ye aeiiiaiaiiy aei aaaeaiiy
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo o oai?eo c ACCII nenoaio iiaeo cania?a
i?io?eaeoeee oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeo a?io?ce/ieo
iaoiae?a – a?iaaeueaai?caoe??, a?ioi?aco e?eoaaeueieo ?a/iaei o
ii?aeiaii? c? noeioeyoe??th aeoioieoo?ieo cii ? i?ecia/aiiyi no/anieo
iaaeeeaiaioicieo i?aia?ao?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia

1. Aia?oa aea/aia /anoioa ACCII, ?? i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy ia iaeaeeae/?
?iee, ui ia? nioe?aeueii-iaaee/ia cia/aiiy.

2. Aea/aia ?ieue ? a?aenioie aieeao iniiaieo ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ieo
oaeoi??a, ye? ni?eythoue aeieeiaiith ACCII ? ia?aoiaeo iaai?eieo a
ai?ei? oi?ie iaoieia??, ui ia? cia/aiiy i?e ianoaaeaii? oai?eo ?
i?aeaioiaee ?o aei iia?aoe??.

3. Aia?oa aea/ai? a eiiieaen? ??ai? aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e oa
?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio ca aeiiiiiaith eaeeia?aie oa
e?ioioeeoa?ii-naaiaioiyaea?iiai eiao?oe??ioo a ii?aeiaii? c eiiieaenii
?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/aoe oa?aeoa?
aeeiai?ee ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy oa i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ?
eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? canoiniaaiiai e?eoaaiiy.

4. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia oa canoiniaaia iaoiaeeea a?iaaeueaai?caoe?? a
ii?aeiaii? c aeoioieoo?ith ie?aieo cii c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ii??iino? oa
?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio o oai?eo c ACCII.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeoe ? cai?iiiioaaoe aeey
i?aeoeee aeiiiaiaio oa oaeineiiaeaio iiaeie caniaaie i?io?eaeoeee
oneeaaeiaiue a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? ? aiaoeaoi?ii-iie?ee?i?/ieo
oiiaao, iai?aaeaio ia i?aeaeuaiiy ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio, iiia?aaeaeaiiy
ceoe a /a?aai?e ii?iaeiei? oa i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? oai?eo i?ney
iia?aoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a ?iaio? a?iaeieia?/ieo
a?aeae?eaiue A?iieoeueei? iaeano? oa i?noa A?iieoe?. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aaeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeeiiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoii
naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe. Caeiaoaa/ naiino?eii i?iaiae?coaaa
a?o/eciyio oa ca?oa?aeio e?oa?aoo?o a ia’?i? 294 aeaea?ae. Naiino?eii
iienaa iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aa o/anoue i?e aeeiiaii?
ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oa ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Naiino?eii
i?iaiaeea a?io?ce/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio a aeeiai?oe?
aeoioieoo?ieo cii. I?eeiaa o/anoue a iaienaii? an?o ?icae?e?a
aeena?oaoe??, a oiio /ene? ? aeniiae?a, ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeieo
niaoe?ae?no?a ii ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiio, ?ioiieia?/iiio oa a?io?ce/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Iniaenoi aeeiioaaa an? cai?iiiiiaai? caniae
i?io?eaeoeee oneeaaeiaiue oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio
ia??iae? oa ?aeiiaiaeoaaa oi/eiaee ianaae a aiaoeaoi?ii-iie?ee?i?/ieo
oiiaao i?ae eiio?ieai e?ea?y-oao?aoey. An? 7 ioae?eaoe?e iaienai?
naiino?eii, i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th iaoeiaiai ea??aieea oa c o/anoth i?io.
AEo/aiei I.A.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ie?ai? o?aaiaioe ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue: ia i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? a i.
Aeiiaoeueeo, i?enay/aiiio ?ioaeoe?? a aeooa?noa? ? a?iaeieia?? (1998),
eiioa?aioe?? ii o?ce/iei iaoiaeai ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo (Oi?eueiee,
1999), eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo (A?iieoey, iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,
1998 ?.), a oaeiae ia iaoeiaiio oiaa?enoa? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a (1997).

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ai?iaiaaia 30 /a?aiy 1999 ?. ia ni?eueiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? ? 1 ? ? 2, eaoaae?e ioi?iie
caei?ia’y oa nioe?aeueii? iaaeeoeeie, ni?a?ia?oiee?a a?iaeieia?/iiai
a?aeae?eaiiy A?iieoeueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa,
i?aaenoaaiee?a iaeaniiai oa i?nueeiai oi?aae?iue ioi?iie caei?ia’y,
i?aeoe/ieo e?ea??a iieiaiaeo aoaeeie?a ? 1 ? ? 2, eaoaae?e caaaeueii?
o??o?a??.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?iaioo iieiaiaiai aoaeeieo ?
1 i. A?iieoe? oa a?iaeieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy A?iieoeueei? iaeanii?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i. I.?. Ie?iaiaa, a oaeiae o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
ioa?i?a aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o, ?c ieo: 5 o
oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, ca?a?no?iaaieo AAE Oe?a?ie: iaeia a aeo?iae? “IAA” ?
4 o “A?nieeo A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.?.Ie?iaiaa”. Iaeia noaooy iioae?eiaaia a i?aoeyo neiiic?oio ii
?ioaeoe?? a aeooa?noa? ? a?iaeieia?? (i. Aeiiaoeuee), iaeia – a
ioae?eaoe?yo eiioa?aioe?? ii canoinoaaiith o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy a
Oi?eueieeo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 161
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 6
?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, a?ae?ia?ao??, yea ia?aoiao? 248 aeaea?ae, ?c yeeo 112
?iicaiieo. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 23 oaaeeoeyie oa 10 ?enoieaie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey cae?eniaiiy iaoe oa caaaeaiue
?iaioe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o aeaio iai?yieao.

1.Aeey aea/aiiy ?ie? ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ia?aoiaeo
iaai?eieo a ai?ei? oi?ie caiaeaiiy i?eaeaoe?a iaoee aoa i?iaaaeaiee
ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c 346 ?noi??e oai?ia, ?c ieo 218 c ai?eieie ?
128 – c iaai?eieie (ii??aiyeueia a?oia) caoai?thaaiiyie.

2.Aeey aecia/aiiy iaoiaaiaoe/iiai cia/aiiy ?ie? ii??iino? ? ?aaeoeaiino?
i?aai?cio aeine?aeaeaii aaeaioaoe?ei? ?aaeoe?? ca aeaieie aiae?co e?ia?
o 218 oai?eo c ACCII oa e?ioioeeoa?ii-naaiaioiyaea?iiai eiao?oe??ioo
(e/n) – o 165 c ieo.

3. Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?ecia/aiiai e?eoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue, oeyoii
aea/aiiy ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oa ?? iaoiaaiaoe/ii?
cia/ouino? o 47 oai?eo (iniiaia a?oia) c 94 ae?iie, ye? e?eoaaeenue
a?iaeoeaaoe?eiith oa?ai??th, oa o 20 (eiio?ieueia a?oia), ye?
e?eoaaeenue o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie, i?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen ?ioiieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ee?oeiiiai (nenoaie e?ioioeeo?a) ? aoii?aeueiiai (IgA,
IgI, IgG) oa ianiaoeeo?/iiai ?ioi?oaoo – oeo? eiiieaiaioo oa
oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a.

Nii/aoeo i?iaiaeeee ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy. Aeyaeyee nea?ae,
a?e, oao, oiiae i?aoe? ? iiaooo, niiaoe/iee, aeooa?nueeee ?
a?iaeieia?/iee aiaiiace, ia?aianai? oa noiooi? caoai?thaaiiy. Aeaoaeueii
aea/aeanue iaino?oaeueia ? ?ai?iaeoeoeaia ooieoe?y, ia?aianai? aai?oe,
iieiae, ?o oneeaaeiaiiy, oa?aeoa? aeae?eaiue, aeei?enoaiiy AIE.
I?iaiaeeeinue a?iaioaeueia, ?ino?oiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy: OCAe,
eaia?ineii?y, ??eaia?ao?y, ca iieacaiiyie – ioieoe?y caaeiueiai
neeai?iiy, oeeoieia?/ia, ai?iiiaeueia, a?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
c?neiao c o?ao?e ? oea?a?eaeueiiai eaiaeo ia oeai?ae??, iacee ia
aiii?ath, aa?aeia?aee, eieiao oei?o, i?iae Iaioo. I?e iaiao?aeiino?
cai?iooaaeenue ia eiinoeueoaoe?th noi?aei? oao?aoe?.

Niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. Aeey aiae?co aeeiai?ee /anoioe cono??/a?iino? ACCII oa ??
i?iaiinoe/ii? cia/ouino? aeei?enoaiee iaoiae ia?iaee aeeiai?/ieo ?yae?a
? aeniiiaioe?aeueia caeaaeaeoaaiy.

2. Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ie? ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy
ACCII aeei?enoai? iaoiaee No’thaeaioa, o2 iaeneiaeueii?
i?aaaeiiiae?aiino? ? o2 I??niia.

3. Aeey aecia/aiiy cia/ouino? iiiaeeiieeo ? a?oi ee?i?/ieo oaeoi??a
?eceeo aeieeiaiiy ACCII aeei?enoaiee eean iaeiii??ieo oa aaaaoii??ieo
aeenia?n?eii-?aa?an?eieo iiaeaeae ? aiae?c eiino?ano?a.
Ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia eaoaae?? ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ca o/anoth e.i.i. I/a?aaeueei A.I. (caa. eaoaae?ith – i?io.
I.A.I?ioeae).

4. Aeey aea/aiiy ??aiy aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e ? ?ioiieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio aeei?enoai?: aiae?c eaeeia?ai,
e?ioioeeoa?ii-naaiaioiyaea?iiai eiao?oe??ioa ca A.O.Aa?eaa? oa ?i.,
eiiieaen ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

5. Oaeoi?e ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo (caaaeueia e?euee?noue e?ioioeeo?a,
O-oaeia?e ? O-noi?ani?e) aecia/aeenue ca iaoiaeii niiioaiiiai
?icaoeiooai?aiiy. Aoii?aeueiee ?ioi?oao (?ioiiaeiaoe?ie A, I, G)
iaoiaeii ?aae?aeueii? ?ioiiaeeooc?? ca Iai/?i?. Ai?no o e?ia?
oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a aecia/aany ca Digenon et. al (1990).
?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a ?ioiieia?/i?e eaai?aoi???
i?ae ea??aieoeoaii i?io. Iooeeea A.I.

6. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio ? noai?aiiy
aeaii e?eoaaeueieo ?a/iaei o oeaieiao aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea
a?iaaeueaai?caoe?? ? a?ioi?aca, ai?iaiaaia a?o/eciyieie aaoi?aie Iaeaoe
A.A., AEo/aieii I.A., Ioaie/iei I.O. ? caoaa?aeaeaia ?IE IIC Oe?a?ie
(1991, 1994 ??.).

7. Iaoiaeeea a?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oa?ai?? ? ?? iaa?oiooaaiiy.

A?iaeoeaaoe?eia oa?ai?y ii?aeio? a nia? oae? eiiiiiaioe:
a?iaaeueaai?caoe?th, a?ioi?ac e?eoaaeueieo ?a/iaei aac aeei?enoaiiy
ciai?oi?o aeaea?ae no?oio, noeioeyoe?th aeoioieoo?ieo cii.

A?aeiii, ui i?ae aioo??oi?ie i?aaiaie ? iiaa?oiath oe??e ?niothoue
eooaiii-a?noea?aeuei? ca’ycee (Aiioei I.E., 1971). I?e ae?? ??cieo
oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia ?aoeaioi?e oe??e aeieea?
?aoeaeoi?ia ae?y ia aioo??oi? i?aaie c ianooiiith ci?iith ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio, ?, iaaiaee, c ii?ooaiiyi ooieoe?? aioo??oi?o
i?aai?a ci?ith?oueny /ooeea?noue a?aeiia?aeieo aea?iaoiia??a oe??e (ciie
Caoa?’?ia-Aaaea).

Oiio, c e?eoaaeueiith iaoith iiaeia ae?yoe /a?ac aea?iaoiia?e oe??e
??cieie caniaaie, a oiio /ene? ? a?iaaeueaai?caoe??th iino?eiei no?oiii
ia o? /e ?io? i?aaie. Oaea aaeueaai?caoe?y oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny o
o?c?ioa?ai?? i?e ??cieo caoai?thaaiiyo (Ia?oaiia A.E., 1973; Ieoaeeiaa
?.E., 1975; No?oaaoeeee A.I., 1981; I?aeaeianeee A.A. ? ?io?TH, 1984;
Eaueineee A.O., Oeauee A.N., 1989 e ae?.).

Ca inoaii?e /an canoiniao?oueny a?iaaeueaai?caoe?y ye iaoiae e?eoaaiiy
aac aeei?enoaiiy ciai?oi?o aeaea?ae no?oio i?e ??cieo caoai?thaaiiyo: a
eiiaono?ieia?? (Iianoyiee I.TH., Iaaae/oe A.?., Iaeaoe A.A., 1990,
1998); o o?c?ioa?ai?? ? ?aoeaenioa?ai?? (Iaeaoe A.A., 1992; Iaeaoe A.A.
oa ?io?, 1997, 1998); i?e caiaeueieo iaai?eieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?eaeaoe?a
iaoee (AEo/aiei I.A. ? ?io?, 1998) c aeineoue iiceoeaiei aoaeoii.

O iao?e ?iaio? aeei?enoaii ciiaeueio a?iaaeueaai?caoe?th (ia ??ai?
oaco), nooue yei? iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii? niaoeeo?/ieo, a?aeiinii o?i?/ii
?ia?oieo aaeueaai?/ieo aeaeo?iae?a, iaeei c yeeo ? aeiii?ii (Ae+), ?ioee
– aeoeaioi?ii (A-) a?eueieo aeaeo?ii?a. C’?aeiai? i?ae niaith
i?ia?aeieeii, a oiio /ene? ? aei??thaaeueiei i?eno?i?i, inoaii? ca
?aooiie eiioaeoii? ??cieoe? aeaeo?iaeieo iioaioe?ae?a noai?ththoue a
a?iia’?eo? oiiae aeey aeieeiaiiy aeaeo?i?oo?eii? neee ? aaia?aoe??
no?oio (aei 50 mKA) a i?aeaeaeo?iaei?e ae?eyioe?. A?ioi?ac e?eoaaeueieo
?a/iaei – oea ni?yiiaaia ia?ai?uaiiy ca?yaeaeaieo /anoie i?ae ae??th
eiioaeoii? ??cieoe? iioaioe?ae?a c iaoith ?o aeaiiioaaiiy ? aeoeaaoe??
ee?oei ? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??.

Iaoiaeeea ciiaeueii? a?iaaeueaai?caoe??. Aeaeo?iae-aeiii? (Ae+)
?icoaoiaothoue a cii? Caoa?’?ia-Aaaea ii na?aaei?e e?i?? aeeaioa, ieae/a
ioiea (a ae?eyioe? i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ?oaoey), aeaeo?iae-aeoeaioi? (A-)
– ia e?eaeao – a ae?eyioe? aea?iaoiia?a na/inoaoaaeo i?aai?a, ui
a?aeiia?aea? naaiaioa?i?e ?ia?aaoe?? Oh9-Oh12 (ae?eyiea ii aieao o?aaoa
ia a?aenoai? 3 ni a?ae na?aaeii? e?i?? ia ??ai? 12 ?aa?a). I?e
c’?aeiaii? aeaeo?iae?a i?ia?aeieeii o eie? aeieea? no?oi 40-50 mKA,
iaiao?aeiee aeey aaee/eie iaia?aiiiai iioaioe?aeo, aaee/eio yeiai iiaeia
i?ae?a?aoe ca aeiiiiiaith ci?ie ieiu? aeaeo?iaea-aeoeaioi?a (A-) aai
?aaoeyoi?a ia i?e?iaiia?iao??. I?ae aeaeo?iaee (Ae+) ? (A-)
i?aeeeaaeathoue ia?eaa? i?aeeeaaeee, cii/ai? e?eoaaeueiith noi?ooth
ianooiiiai neeaaeo: o?c?ieia?/iee ?ic/ei NaCl 0,9% – 10 ie + ?ic/ei
iiaiea?ia 0,5% – 10 ie + ae?iaeneae 2 ie + e?aeaca 64 iae + aioea?ioeee
+ oa?iaioe (oaiiinei, o?einei, aiaaicei) aai a?ie?i. Aeniiceoe?y 40-50
oa. Eo?n e?eoaaiiy – 5-7 naain?a (iaeei naain a aeaiue).

Ia?aaaaa a?iaaeueaai?caoe?? ? a?ioi?aca iieyaa? a i?i?iae?caoe??
ae?th/iai oaeoi?o – aaeueaai?/iiai no?oio a iaaeao iaia?aiiiai
iioaioe?aeo aac ii?ooaiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo oeaieiieo i?ioean?a,
i?aeaaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueieo ?a/iaei aaciina?aaeiuei aei aiaieua ?ioaeoe??,
aioeaaeoa??aeueiee aoaeo, aeinooiiee, aacia/iee, aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiee
aeey oai?iai, iiaea aooe canoiniaaiee o aoaeue-yeeo oiiaao.

Iaoiae caoaa?aeaeaiee ?IE IIC Oe?a?ie (1994) – ana oea aeicaiey?
aeei?enoaoe iaoiae a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o oai?eo c ACCII.

Ciiaeueia a?iaaeueaai?caoe?y aeiiiaiaia noeioeyoe??th aeoioieoo?ieo cii
aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio. Iaoiaeeea
noeioeyoe?? aeoioieoo?ieo cii i?iaiaeeoueny ia?a?ea/anoi (ii 20-30 nae),
niaoe?aeueiei aeaeo?iaeii iiae?aciththoue ianooii? aeoioieoo?i? ciie:
A-36, N?-4, N?-11, VC-22 i “0” ciio a oeaio?? aooii? ?aeiaeie.

E??i aeacaieo oi/ie aeiaeaoeiai a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? ia 3-4
aeaiue noeioethaaee ia?enoaeueoeeo eeoa/ieea (ca AEa?e?iei A.O., 1977) –
ianooii? oi/ee: iaeio c ao??eoey?ieo oi/ie (AO-55, AO-51, AO-13) ?
ei?ii?aeuei? oi/ee VC-6, VC-7, RP-6, RP-7, C-3.

Iiceoeaiee aoaeo aeoioieoo?e ia i?aai?ci i?e ??cieo caoai?thaaiiyo
caaaeueiia?aeiiee ca aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e (Nacatani J., 1958; Oaaaaaa
Ae.I., 1980; Ii?oiia O.A., 1980; Aa?/ei Ae, Ee?a?cia TH., 1981; Ia/a?ao
A.E., Naiicthe E.C., 1982; Eoanai A., 1986; AEa?eei A.O. e ae?., 1988;
Iaeaoe A.A., 1991, 1992, 1997;).

A eaai?aoi??? o?c?ieia?? ? iaoieia?? ee?oeiieo iaia?ai Aaoe??nueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo A.A.Aa?iiaiei anoaiiaeaii, ui a?iaeaeo?inoeioeyoe?y
i?aai?cio i?ioyaii iaeii? aiaeeie noeioeth? ee?oeiiee iaoaaie?ci,
ca?eueoo? ia’?iiee iaia?aiiee iioaioe?ae ? iie?auo? ooieoe?th iaia?aiieo
eae?e-iao???aeo ianin?a. Oaeei /eiii, a iaoai?ci? ae?? a?inoeioeyoe??
aeoioieoo?ieo cii /?oei i?iyaey?oueny caaaeueiinoeioethth/ee iiceoeaiee
aoaeo, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe oeae iaoiae aeey eiiieaenii?
a?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oa?ai?? a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o oai?eo c ACCII.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue

1. *anoioa cono??/a?iino? ACCII. I?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/iee aiae?c
?noi??e oai?ia ca 8 ?ie?a (1990-1997 ??.) ca aeaieie a?iaeieia?/iiai
a?aeae?eaiiy A?iieoeueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa
(oaae. 1). sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe?, /anoioa ACCII i?ioyaii 8 ?ie?a
ca?eueoeeanue o aeaa ?ace ? i?iaiinoe/ii ia 2 iaeaeeae/? ?iee cieaeaiiy
?? ia ia?aaeaa/a?oueny (?en. 1). Oea ia? aaeeea iaaee/ia, aeiiii?/ia oa
aeaiia?ao?/ia cia/aiiy, a oiio caneoaiao? aeaoaeueiiai iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea e?eueeino? oai?eo c 1990 ii 1997 ??. ca aeaieie

iaoiaeo aiae?co aeeiai?/ieo ?yae?a

Aeey a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co aeeiai?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae /anoioe
aeieeiaiiy ai?eieo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue i?eaeaoe?a iaoee, a oaeiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiinoe/ieo o?aiae?a caoai?thaaiino? ie canoinoaaee
iaoiaee aea/aiiy oei/aniaeo ?yae?a.

?en. 1. I?iaiic /anoioe aeieeiaiiy ACCII ia i?aenoaa? naciiii? iiaeae?
aeniiiaioe?aeueiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy

Ia ?en. 1 nooe?eueiith e?i??th ?ethno?iaaia aeeiai?ea iaoieia??
iii?ny/ii i?ioyaii 8 ?ie?a (108 i?nyoe?a). Aeey aea/aiiy aeaeeii?
ia??iaee/ii? aeeiai?ee canoiniaaii aiae?c ei?aeyoe?eii? ? aeanii?
aioeei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe??.

Aeey aecia/aiiy i?e/ei oaeiai ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe ACCII i?iaaaeai?
ianooii? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aea/aiiy ?ie? ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy oe???
iaoieia??.

Ca aeaieie ee?i?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co aeyaeaii aieea ianooiieo
ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ieo oaeoi??a:

1. A?e – c? ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ia??iaeo /anoioa
ACCII ca?eueooaaeanue c 16,9% a 20-25 ?ie?a aei 25,7% a 31-35 ?ie?a (? =
0,0115).

2. Oao – ia?oa i?noea caeiathoue ?ia?oieoe? naea, ui iia’ycaii c
iniaeeainoyie i?aoe? – ia?aaaioaaeaiiyi, ioieiaeaeaiiyi oiui. Inoaii?
i?noey caeiyee ?ia?oieoe? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ? iai?aoethth/?.
?aooa nioe?aeueieo a?oi caeiyee i?ii?aei? i?noey. Iaea?aeai? aeai? ne?ae
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ianoaaeaii? oai?eo ia?aae iia?aoe??th.

3. Ia?aianai? caoai?thaaiiy c’yaeeenue aeineoue nooo?aeie. ?c 218 oai?eo
c ACCII noiooi? caoai?thaaiiy neeaaeaee 299 (>100%), c iaai?eieie – 179
(>100%). Oaeeie iniiaieie caoai?thaaiiyie aeyaeeenue: aiai??,
caoai?thaaiiy oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, iooeeie iaoee oa y?/iee?a,
ceoee, caoai?thaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie. ?c ?ioeo caoai?thaaiue
iniaeeai aeyaeeenue ia?aianai? aai?oe, oneeaaeiai? iieiae, AIE (20,2%
a?aoiaaieo oai?eo).

2. A?aenioeiaee aieea ie?aieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy ACCII.

Ia?oa i?noea caeiyee noiooi? caoai?thaaiiy (6,67%), iio?i ii ?aiao
caeiyee: a?e (5,54%), oao (3,19%), ?ioaeoe?eii-a?eaeia? caoai?thaaiiy
i?oae (1,62%), aiai?y (1,25%), ia?aianai? iia?aoe?? (1,25%). Noia?iee
aieea aeacaieo oaeoi??a neeaaea? 19,52%.

4. A?oiia? oaeoi?e ?eceeo.

A?eia? – a?e a?eueoa 31 ?ieo, iniaeeai a?e 36-40 ?ie?a, iaeei ? a?eueoa
aai?o?a, aeai? ? a?eueoa iieia?a (oneeaaeiaieo), o?eaaea aeei?enoaiiy
AIE (a?eueoa 3 ?ie?a), aaee/eia e?ioioeeoa?ii-naaiaioiyaea?iiai
eiao?oe??ioo (0,3, 0,2, 0,2).

5. Aecia/aiiy noaio aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e i?aai?cio ?
e?ioioeeoa?ii-naaiaioiyaea?iiai eiao?oe??ioo ye iieaciee?a ii??iino?
i?aai?cio i?e ACCII.

Aecia/aii, ui /enei iani?eyoeeaeo ?aaeoe?e cia/ii ia?aaaaeaei ni?eyoeea?
(a?aeiia?aeii 63% ? 37%). E?ioioeeoa?ii-naaiaioiyaea?iee eiao?oe??io
oaeiae o oai?eo cia/ii cieaeaiee (ieae/a ii?ie 0,4-0,5) noaiiaea 71,5%,
i?e ni?eyoeeaeo anueiai 28,5% (?

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