IAOeIIIAEUeIA AEAAeAIIss IAOE OE?A?IE

OICEEI-OAOII*IEE IINOEOOO IECUeEEO OAIIA?AOO? ii.A.I.A??EIIA

NI?AIEI Aaeaioeia Aiaoiei?aia

OAeE 539.2; 539.374

AINOA?ACENII OA IAAIIOINO?EEOeIEII ssAEUA

A AAOA?IAAIIEO NIIEOEAO I?E IECUeEEO

OAIIA?AOO?AO.

01.04.07 — oiceea oaa?aeiai oiea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoeiy ? ?oeiien:

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oiceei—oaoii/iiio iinoeoooi iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?
ii.A.I.A??eiia IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeaiie IAI
Oe?a??ie ??AIAIEI Aieoi?Aaeaioeiiae/, Oiceei—oaoii/iee iinoeooo
iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? ii.A.I.A??eiia IAI Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, IAIEAINUeEEE
Ieoaeei Ieaenaiae?iae/, caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e oiceee iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?
Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, EIOEII Aieiaeeie?
Iieinieiae/, caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e oice/ii? oiii? Oa?eianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iieioaoii/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI
Oe?a?ie NEUeICIA Aioaeie Aaeaioeiiae/, ia/aeueiee aiaeaeieo
Iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o «Oa?eianueeee oiceei-oaoii/iee
iinoeooo».

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa:

Iinoeooo iaaiaoecio, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny » 21 » aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii Niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.175.02 ii caoenoo
aeieoi?nueeeo aeena?oaoeie i?e Oiceei—oaoii/iiio iinoeoooi iecueeeo
oaiia?aoo? ii.A.I.A??eiia IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 310164 Oa?eia,
i?.Eaiiia,47.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeiaie aiaeiioaoei
Oiceei—oaoii/iiai iinoeoooo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? ii. A.I.A??eiia IAI
Oe?a?ie (310164, Oa?eia, i?.Eaiiia, 47).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee » 21″ na?iiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oiceei—iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe
Eiaaeueia I.N.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoei? i noai i?iaeaie. Cia/ii oniioe a aaeoci
oiceee oa?enoeo niieoe i aeei?enoaiiy iiaioiio iiaeaia?ii-oaoii/ieo
aeinyaiaiue a oaoiieiai? iecueeiaeii?ieo eiiiiceoeie i?eaaee aei
no?iieiai ?icaeoeo iie?iaeaeo?iiiee oa iioeo iaoeiai-oaoii/ieo
iai?yieia, aea aeei?enoaiiy oa?enoeo no?oeoo? ia? eeth/iai iiceoei?.

O oaia?ioiie /an coneeey a iai?yieao oice/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue
iecueeiaeii?ieo niieoe o cia/iie ii?i iia’ycaii c aiaee?eooyi
aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeia oa niieoe c aiaaionueeei
iaaiioiiii?ii — aiaeiiaiaeii eoi?aoia oa iaiaaieoia c
ia?ianeioiiiaeiaiith e?enoaei/iith a?aoeith. Oiieaeueii aeanoeainoi oeeo
?a/iaei oi?iothoueny aianeiaeie iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo
ia?aoai?aiue oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy e iaoiiaeaii iayaiinoth oa?ia, ui
i?iaiaeyoue aeaeo?e/iue no?oi. Iniaeeainoth oeeo oa?ia ? noii?iinoue
oa?aeoa?ieo aeiaaeei eiaa?aioiinoi ei?aeueiaaieo aeaeo?iiia oa
ia?aiao?ia e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee. I/aaeaeii, i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy oa
aeaa?aaeaoei? iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo aeanoeainoae oaeeo ?a/iaei iiaeiii a
cia/iiio nooiaii aooe iaoiiaeaieie aeaoaeoaie e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee oa
aiaeiiaiaeieie no?oeoo?ieie aeaoi?iaoeiyie. I?iyaeaiiyi oeueiai ?
nooo?ai iacai?ioiinoi oa ainoa?acen e?eaeo ia?aiaaii/oaaiiy, ui
iaoiiaeaii aca?iiaei?th iaaiioii? oa aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?, a oaeiae
aiaaionueea iaaiioino?eeoeiy.

I?iaeaia i?iaiicoaaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa?iaeia o
i?eeaaeao e?iiaaiiiai i?ecia/aiiy oa ?o aeaa?aaeaoei? ? iaeii?th c
iaeaieueo ceiaiaeaiieo o iaoi aeii. Iecueeiaeii?ia nenoaia ye iniaeeaee
oaa?aeioieueiee oice/iee i oaoiieiai/iee ia’?eo ana ua caeeoa?oueny
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiith, a caeiiiii?iinoi, ui aecia/athoue oa?aeoa?
i?ioeania no?oeoo?iiai, aeaeo?iiiiai, iaaiioiiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy, ?oiuei?
aca?iicaeaaeiinoi, a oaeiae eiioeaaee ?acoeueoao aeaa?aaeaoeieieo
i?ioeania, ui aiaeaoaathoueny, ? iaei aea/aieie aai acaaaei iaaiaeiieie.

Oaeee iacaaeiaieueiee noai o ae?ioaiii aeaii? i?iaeaie iaoiiaeaii ?yaeii
ia’?eoeaieo o?oaeiiuia. Iiaeeeainoi oai?aoe/iiai aiaeico i?ioeania
oii?yaeeoaaiiy o oaeeo ia’?eoao iaiaaeaii neeaaeiinoth ei?aeoiiai
a?aooaaiiy anueiai ?iciiiaiiooy aeith/eo oaeoi?ia i aca?iiiia’ycaieo
oice/ieo i?ioeania ?icii? i?e?iaee, ui aiaeaoaathoueny iaeii/anii a
?aeeiiio iaiaaeaiiio ia’?ii aaoa?iaaiiiai na?aaeiaeua, a naia oaiei-,
ca?yaei- i ianiia?aiin, oaciai ia?aoai?aiiy, ooai?aiiy i ?a-

2

eaenaoeiy aca?iiiia’ycaieo iaoaii/ieo iai?oa oa iaaiioiiai iioieo. Oiio
iniiaia iioi?iaoeiy c i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oa aeaa?aaeaoei?
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo aeanoeainoae oa?enoeo ia’?eoia, oeiiaeo aeey
canoinoaaiiy, iaeiie/o?oueny ca ?aooiie aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiue. Aiaeii/an ic ani?? iiiaeeie oaeeo ?iaio ia?aaaaeia
aieueoinoue aiaeiineoueny aei aea/aiiy ie?aieo oice/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a
eiiieaenii aeineiaeaeaiiy oaeeo ia’?eoia aai iaei/enaeueii, aai cianii
ia iniothoue. Oea iaiaaeo? iiaeeeainoi iioa?i?aoaoei? oice/ii? i?e?iaee
i?ioeania iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy iaaieo
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo aeanoeainoae, oae naii ye i i?ioeania aeaa?aaeaoei?
oeeo aeanoeainoae oa i?iaiicoaaiiy aenieoaoaoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aiaeiiaiaeieo i?eeaaeia e?iiaaiiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeineiaeaeaiiy,
yei neeaee ciino aeena?oaoei?, i?iaaaeaii o aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c
oaiaoe/iei ieaiii iinoeoooo c aiaeii/i? oaiaoeee, yea caoaa?aeaeaia
I?aceaei?th IAI Oe?a?ie ca oaiith «Eaaci/anoeiee i neeueii
ei?aeueiaaii caoaeaeaiiy a aeiaeaeo?eeao» (N 1.4.10.17.6); oa a
?aieao i?ia?ai ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oa iaoeiai — oaoii/ieo
aeineiaeaeaiue a Oe?a?ii ca i?iaeoaie: «No?oeoo?a oa aeeiaiiea
aaoa?iaaiieo oa aaaaoioa?iaeo c’?aeiaiue c aeaoaeoaie» (N2/178, n
1994a. N2.3/624; oeo? «Aeaieiee»); «Oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia
aeineiaeaeaiiy oa?iiaeeiaii/ieo oa eiiaoe/ieo yaeu a iaiino?oeoo?ao
aeiaieueii? aeii?iinoi» (N4.2/88; oeo? «No?oi»); «Oai?aoe/ia oa
aenia?eiaioaeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy aaiethoei? i aeeiaiiee e?enoaei/ii?
a?aoee oa iaaiioii? no?oeoo?e ca ciiiith a iioe?aiiio eioa?aaei
oaiia?aoo? oa iaaiioieo iieia» (N09.01.01/083-94; oeo? «Oa?e-2»), a
oaeiae ca iiaeia?iaeieie a?aioaie: «Magnetostriction of
superconductors» (eiio?aeo N 2P03B06111 of the Polish
Government Agency KBN); a?aio Iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-inaioiuei?
i?ia?aie aeey a/aieo oa aeeeaaea/ia (eiio?aeo N QSU082183 aiae 30
eeiiy 1998?.); «Kinetics of phase transitions of first kind in
solids with non-zero order parameter» (eiio?aeo N U2Q200
Iiaeia?iaeiiai Iaoeiaiai Oiiaeo oa O?yaeo Oe?a?ie).

Iaoa i caaea/i ?iaioe.Iniiaia iaoa aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a
oiio, uia ia iniiai nenoaiaoe/ieo eiiieaenieo aeineiaeaeaiue
no?oeoo?ieo, iaaiioieo, no?eeoeieieo (aeeeaoiiao?e/ieo) oa?aeoa?enoee
oe?ieiai eiea oa?enoeo iaoa?iaeia c eiio?ieueiaaieie iaiaeii?iaeiinoyie,

3

ui caciathoue iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue, aeyaeoe oa
nenoaiaoecoaaoe iniaeeainoi iacai?ioiuei? iiaaaeiiee a iaaiioiiio iiei
iiaeeco oaiia?aoo?e aii?yaeeoaaiiy, anoaiiaeoe caeaaeiinoue
aiaeiiaiaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiae iniiaieo ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiai/ieo
?aaeeiia aeaioiaeaiiy oa iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee ia’?eoia aeineiaeaeaiiy,
i?iaiaeicoaaoe oa ocaaaeueieoe iniiaii caeiiiii?iinoi no?oeoo?ieo oa
iaaiioieo ia?aoai?aiue aianeiaeie aeaeaeiaeith/eo aca?iiaeie o ciaiioiio
iieyo i ia iniiai iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia anoaiiaeoe iniiaii
caeiiiii?iinoi oi?ioaaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? oace oa ?? aeaa?aaeaoei?
o iaaiioiiio iiei c oi/ee ci?o no?oeoo?ieo oa iaaiioieo noaiia, ui
?aaeicothoueny o iecueeiaeii?ieo niieoeao.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a oiaei aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe
ia?aaeaa/aeinue:

1. Aeyaeoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe iniaeeainoi no?oeoo?e iaoaeaaeo ?ic/eiia
oa iioa?iaoaeiaeia, ieneaeia iaiiai?iaiaeieeiaeo oa iaaei?iaiaeieeiaeo
niieoe, a oaeiae aeiaeaeo?eeia ca ?iciiiaiioieie ?aaeeiaie aeaioiaeaiiy
oa caoieiaeaeaiiy, iiynieoe ?oith i?e?iaeo oa anoaiiaeoe ?ieue ciaiioiio
(oaiia?aoo?a, oene, iioa) oa eiiiiceoeieiiai oaeoi?ia a ?o oi?ioaaiii oa
noaaieueiinoi.

2. Aiaeiaeoe ia?aaeoiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy oa?enoeo no?oeoo? ia iniiai
aeiaa?ai noaiia oa iiaeeeainoi eiio?ieth no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae i?e
iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao.

3. Aeyaeoe aieea ?icii?ii-eiiiiceoeieieo oaeoi?ia ia eiiaoeeo
no?oeoo?ieo i oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue, ui cia/iith ii?ith eiio?ieththoueny
iaiaeii?iaeiinoyie e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee.

4. Aeyaeoe oa i?iaiaeicoaaoe iacai?ioiinoi iiaaaeiiee o iaaiioiiio iiei
iaiaeii?iaeieo no?oeoo? iiaeeco iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo ia?aoiaeia
o iaaei?iaiaeiee oa iaaiioiaii?yaeeiaaiee noaie ca oiia nooo?ai?
aca?iiaei? iaaiioieo oa aeaoaeoieo no?oeoo?, aeaeieeoe aianie aeaoaeoia
iaaieo oeiia oa aiaeiiaiaeieo i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoeie.

5. C’ynoaaoe iiaeeeainoi oaiiiaiieiai/ieo iiaeaeae aeey iieno eiiaoeee
oi?ioaaiiy oa aeaa?aaeaoei? iaiaeii?iaeieo noaiia ca oiia noii?-

4

iinoi ia?aiao?ia e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee aiicio?iiieo no?oeoo? oa ?aaeionia
ei?aeyoei? a aeaeo?iiiie iiaenenoaii.

6. ?ic?iaeoe oice/ii ia?aaeoiiae i?iaiicoaaiiy ?iai/eo oa?aeoa?enoee
i?eeaaeia ia iniiai iecueeiaeii?ieo no?oeoo? oa eiiai?iinoae ?o
aeaa?aaeaoei?, a oaeiae aeaioiaeaiiy aeaiaioia, ui iiaeaeuothoue
ooieoeiiiaeueii iiaeeeainoi oeeo i?eeaaeia.

Iiiaeeia ia’?eoia c eiio?ieueiaaiei ?iaiai iaiaeii?iaeiinoi, ui
aeineiaeaeo?oueny o ?iaioi, aeeth/a? aei naaa iaoa?iaee aeey iaaiioieo
nenoai, a oiio /enei iiaeaeueii ia’?eoe oa aenieioaiia?aoo?ii
iaaei?iaiaeieee, aeiaeaeo?e/ii, iioe/ii oa ciioeithth/i iie?eooy,
aeaiaioe e?iiaaiiiai caaacia/aiiy. Cie?aia, no?oeoo?ii aeineiaeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeeny ia c?aceao iaoa?iaeia ia iniiai Pb, Nb, Cu, Y-Ba-Cu-O,
iiney aeaioiaeaiiy oa ia?iaee a ?iciiiaiioieo oiiaao, ui
aiaeiiaiaeathoue oe?ieiio eieo no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae. Aeiaeaoeiai a
aeeeaoiiao?e/ieo aeii?thaaiiyo aeei?enoiaoaaeeny c?acee niieoe
La-Sr-CuO, Ba-Bi-KO, A1-xCaxMnO3 (A — ?iaeeiniicaiaeueii aeaiaioe oa
Bi), iieiia?ii eiiiiceoei?, oiui.

Aeey aeaioiaeaiiy ia’?eoia aeineiaeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaany oe?ieee
a?naiae iaoiaeee: niieaiiy, ae?iuoaaiiy iiiie?enoaeia c ?iaeei? oace ca
iaoiaeii *io?aeuenueeiai — A?iaeaeiaia, oaa?aeioaciee neioac, ia?iaea a
ciaiioiio iieyo oa ?icieo aoiinoa?ao, ni?yiiaaia e?enoaeicaoeiy. I?e
oeueiio, caaaeyee i?eaiiaeueiiio onoaoeoaaiith, caaacia/oaaeinue
iaea?aeaiiy na?ie c?aceia c iaeiei ciiiiei (iai?eeeaae, i?i?ioaoeiy
e?enoaeia?aoi/ieo inae aiaeiinii iiaa?oii, aai aiaenoaiue iiae oa?aie)
oa oieniaaieie iioeie oiceei-oaoiieiai/ieie ia?aiao?aie. Ca aecia/iith
o/anoth aaoi?a aoei ?ic?iaeaii ieceo i?eaiiaeueieo caniaia ea?iaaiiai
iaea?aeaiiy iaoa?iaeia c iaaieie aeanoeainoyie oa iaoiaeia ?o eiio?ieth.

Aeey aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?ii-aeaoi?iaoeieieo i iaaiioieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a
oaeiae oaciaiai neeaaeo aeineiaeaeoaaieo ia’?eoia aeei?enoiaoaaeenue:
iioe/ia iie?ineiiiy, ?aioaaiianueea aeeo?aeoiiao?iy, aeeeaoiiao?iy oa
iaaiioii aeii?thaaiiy. O i?ioeani aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe aaoi?ii aoea
?ic?iaeaia, ?aaeiciaaia i inai?ia iecea iiaeo iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy
?iciiiaiioieo no?oeoo?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a oiiaao iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?.
Oei iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaii o ainueie ioaeieaoeiyo a iaoeiai-oaoii/ieo

5

aeo?iaeao oa aeaio aaoi?nueeeo naiaeioeoaao. Aiie ae?iciythoueny
iiaeaeuaiith iioi?iaoeaiinoth, /ooeeainoth, eieaeueiinoth.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

Aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeyaeaii i aeineiaeaeaii niaeo? iiaeo
no?oeoo?ieo i iaaiioieo noaiia a iecueeiaeii?ieo no?oeoo?ao, yei
aiaeiiaiaeathoue iacai?ioiii e?eaei iaiaaii/oaaiiy a eiei
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue, ui ? iaoiiaeaieie
aca?iiaei?th iaaiioii? oa aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo? i iaaiioino?eeoeieieie
yaeuaie.

Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenii nenoaiaoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy
iaaiioino?eeoeieieo yaeu o eiei iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy
iecueeiaeii?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeiaeo oa iaaiioiaii?yaeeiaaieo niieoe,
aiaeiiaiaeii eoi?aoia oa iaiaaieoia c ia?ianeioiiiaeiaieie no?oeoo?aie,
oa i?inoioeo iiaeaeueieo iaoa?iaeia. I?iaiaeiciaaii i?e?iaeo
aiaaionueei? iaaiioino?eeoei?, cai?iiiiiaaii i iaa?oioiaaii iiaeaeue
iacai?ioiuei? iaaiioino?eeoei? aei?noeeo iaaei?iaiaeieeia; i?iaaaeaii
/enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy oa iaea?aeaii aenia?eiaioaeueia iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiy
caaaeaii? iiaeaei aeey aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeia o
ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio iaaiioiiio iiei.

Aia?oa noi?ioeueiaaii i?eioeeie eiieo?aioei? eiiiiceoeieiiai oa
aeaoi?iaoeieiiai aianeia a i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy oa aeaa?aaeaoei?
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? oace a na?aaeiaeuao ic noii?iinoth ia?aiao?ia
e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee oa ?aaeionia ei?aeyoei? aeaeo?iiia o aii?yaeeiaaiie
oaci. ?icaeyiooi iiaeeeainoi i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaaaeiiee i?eeaaeia
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai i?ecia/aiiy ia iniiai iecueeiaeii?ieo no?oeoo?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. ?ic?iaeaii a aeena?oaoei?
oyaeaiiy i?i iniaeeainoi oi?ioaaiiy oa aeaa?aaeaoei?
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo noaiia a iecueeiaeii?ieo no?oeoo?ao ic
noii?iinoth ia?aiao?o e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee oa ?aaeiona ei?aeyoei?
aeaeo?iiia o aii?yaeeiaaiie oaci, ui aiaeiiaiaeathoue ca iniaeeai
iaaiioii oa o?ainii?oii aeanoeainoi, c o?aooaaiiyi ?icii?ieo i
eiiiiceoeieieo oaeoi?ia

6

aeathoue ciiao iiynieoe iniaeeainoi eiiaoeee i?ioeania
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy c oi/ee ci?o aeanoeaeo ?i
no?oeoo?ieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue iniiaieo oaeoi?ia, ui eiio?ieththoue
no?oeoo?ii aeanoeainoi aea/aieo iaoa?iaeia, oa ?o aieeao ia ?acoeueoaoe
aeii?thaaiue oice/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i nooiiiue ?o noaaieueiinoi ca
iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?, aoei aeei?enoaii aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy niieoe
e?iiaaiiiai i?ecia/aiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy ?o aenieoaoaoeieieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ic a?aooaaiiyi aieeao oa?ii/ieo i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoeie (a
aiicio?iiiiio na?aaeiaenueeo).

E?ii oiai, aea/aiiy oice/ieo i?ioeania, ui aiaeaoaathoueny o ciioaiiio
noaii aei?noeeo iaaei?iaiaeieeia oa iaaiioieo iaiiai?iaiaeieeia, a
oaeiae aioeoa?iiaaiioieo aeiaeaeo?eeia, iia’ycaieo c aiaaionueeith
iaaiioino?eeoei?th, iieeaei ii/aoie aaaeeeaiio o i?eeeaaeiiio
aiaeiioaiii iai?yio aeineiaeieoeueeeo ?iaio. Oeae iai?yi iia’ycai c
i?iaiicoaaiiyi noaaieueiinoi oa iiaeeeaeo ciaiioiio iai?oa o
iiooaeiino?oiiaeo iaaiioieo nenoaiao oa ca oiia, ui aiaeiiaiaeathoue
i?ioeanai oaeaeeiai ia?aiaaii/oaaiiy, iai?eeeaae a eiii?eao iai’yoi.
I?ioyaii aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe aoei ?ic?iaeaii caniae e?iiaaiiiai
caaacia/aiiy, ui iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii c iaoith aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoai caoieiaeaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ii ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe caoeuaii aaoi?nueeeie naiaeioeoaaie ia
aeiaoiaee, aeeeaaeaii a iaoeiaeo ioaeieaoeiyo.

Iaoeiai ?acoeueoaoe i iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Eiiaoeea ia?a?ea/anoiai ?iciaaeo, eiai ii/aoie oa ?icaeoie, nooo?ai
caeaaeaoue aiae iaiaeii?iaeiinoae no?oeoo?e, cie?aia no?oeoo?e oa
aeanoeainoae iiaeca?aiieo a?aieoeue. I?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao noa?iiiy
oaeaeeinoue eiii?eiaiai aeaeieaiiy eiiioo?oueny ia?aaaaeii c?inoii
eaiaeae ?iaiiaaaeieo (eaaci?iaiiaaaeieo) ooai?thth/eony oac. Ca aeueo
oaiia?aoo? eaiaei, iaaiaee, aiaenoathoue o nai?io c?inoi aiae iia?oth/eo
a?aieoeue oa caoiieththoueny ieie. Iiia?aaeiy aeaoi?iaoeiy oa noaoe/ii
iai?oae iaeiiai/iiai ?icoyao (noeneo) iiaeooue i?eaiaeeoe aei aoaeoia,
iia’ycaieo c aca?iiei aieeaii i?ioeania aeaeieaiiy oa ?ae?enoaeicaoei?.
Ia?a?iciiaeie iaiaeii?iaeiinoae no?oeoo?e a oiiaao caoieiaeaeaiiy oa
oa?iioeeeethaaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei oi?ioaaiiy iaoanoaaieueieo
ooai?thaaiue, ui aiaeiaeththoueny i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao.

7

2. Aaoa?iaaiiinoi e?enoaei/ii? no?oeoo?e oa iia’ycaii c ieie i?inoi?iai
iaiaeii?iaeii i?oaeii aeaoi?iaoei? iiaeooue i?eaiaeeoe aei ?icii?ieo
aoaeoia i?e iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiio aii?yaeeoaaiii, iaoiiaeaieo
eiieo?aioei?th eiiiiceoeieiiai i aeaoi?iaoeieiiai aianeia. Oei aoaeoe
aeaoaeueii aeineiaeaeaii ia aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeao
ieneaeia iiaei i aeiaaaeaii, ui ianeiaeeii oeueiai iiaea aooe
no?eioaaiiy oi?ioaaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai noaio.

3. Nooo?aa ei?aeyoeiy iaaiioii? i aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo? a oa?enoeo
niieoeao c oiniei caiaii ia?aiao?ia e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee oa ?aaeionia
ei?aeyoei? aeaeo?iiia o aii?yaeeiaaiiio noaii iaoiiaeth? iacai?ioii
aoaeoe iaiaaii/oaaiiy oa iaaiioino?eeoei? i?e ?oeioaaiii aii?yaeeiaaiiai
coaio iaaiioiei iieai. Anoaiiaeaii niieueii caeiiiii?iinoi no?eeoeieieo
aeaoi?iaoeie a iaeanoi oaciaeo ia?aoiaeia, iiaeoeiaaieo iaaiioiei iieai
a ieneaeao iiaei oa ia?aaioeth c ia?ianeioiiiaeiaieie a?aoeaie —
aiaaionueei cia/aiiy aiaeiinieo aeaoi?iaoeie (10-4) oa caeeoeiai
aeaoi?iaoei?. Aeineiaeaeaiiy ia ieneaeao iiaei oa ia?aaioeth aeiaaee, ui
iiai?iaiiy aei aii?yaeeiaaiiai noaio ? iiaeeeaei oieueee iiney
i?iiiaeiiai aiaeiaethaaiiy.

4. Iacai?ioiy iaaiioino?eeoeiy iaaei?iaiaeieeia acaaaei yeinii
iieno?oueny iiaeaeeth e?eoe/iiai noaio. Aeyaeaii ca’ycie iniaeeainoae
iacai?ioiuei? iaaiioino?eeoei? aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeia ic
aca?iiaei?th iaaiioii? oa aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo? o ciioaiiio noaii,
aiaeiiaiaeii iiaeaeyi e?eoe/iiai noaio. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue
iacai?ioiuei? iaaiioino?eeoei? iaaei?iaiaeieeia o iaaiioiiio iiei,
ni?yiiaaiiio acaeiaae ii?iaei aei ieinei? iiaa?oii c?acea, io?eiaii ??
aiaeioe/ia ?ica’ycaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueia iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiy ia c?aceao
aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeia. Ia/eneaii ca cai?iiiiiaaiith
iiaeaeeth c iaaiioino?eeoeieieo aeii?ia ?iciiaeiee iaaiioieo iieia
aiaeiiaiaeathoue iaea?aeaiei c iaaiioieo aeii?ia.

5. Aeii?e iacai?ioiuei? iaaiioino?eeoei? oa iaiaaii/aiinoi iiaeooue
aooe canoiniaaieie aeey aeineiaeo iaaiioieo no?oeoo? o
iaaiioiaii?yaeeiaaiiio noaii oa iaoanoaaieueieo oi?ioaaiue o
e?enoaei/iie a?aooei.

8

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae aeineiaeaeaiiy aei?noeeo iaaei?iaiaeieeia
oeyoii ia/eneaiiy a?aaei?ioia iaaiioii? iiaeoeoei? o ciioaiiio noaii ca
aeaieie aeii?ia iacai?ioiuei? iaaiioino?eeoei? c aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeaii?
iiaeaei.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Oni iaaaaeaii a aeena?oaoei? ?acoeueoaoe
iaea?aeaii aaoi?ii naiinoieii, aai o niia?iaioieoeoai, aea aiia
aiaeia?aaaea eeth/iao ?ieue o oi?ioethaaiii caaea/, iinoaiiaoei oa
i?iaaaeaiii aenia?eiaioo, a oaeiae a ia?iaoei oa o?aeooaaiii
?acoeueoaoia. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a io?eiaiii iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoaoia,
aeeeaaeaieo o aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi, iieyaa? a ianooiiiio: o
iinoaiiaoei caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy oa aecia/aiii oeyoia ?? ae?ioaiiy
[4-8, 21-31]; o aeaioiaeaiii ie?aieo oeiia iaaei?iaiaeieeiaeo c?aceia
[1, 8, 21]; o i?iaaaeaiii aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue [1-6, 8,
10-12, 15, 19-21, 24-31]; a ia?iaoei, iioa?i?aoaoei?, nenoaiaoecaoei? oa
ocaaaeueiaiii anio aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoaoia; o ?ic?iaoei oice/ieo
iiaeaeae no?eeoeieieo yaeu a iaaei?iaiaeieeao [3, 4, 10-12, 31]; a
o/anoi y ?ic?iaoei oice/ieo iniia iioeiicaoei? oa?enoeo no?oeoo?,
i?ecia/aieo aeey aenieoaoaoei? ca oiia iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? oa
oa?iioeeeethaaiiy [3, 9, 10, 24-30].

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Aeeeaaeaii a ?iaioi ?acoeueoaoe
aoee ii?eethaeiaii oa iaaiai?aii ia iaoeiiiaeueieo i iiaeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioeiyo.

International Conference «Critical currents in superconductors» (Vienna,
Austria, 1992);

12-th General Conference of the Condenced Matter Division (Regensburg,
Germany, 1993);

International Conference «Materials and Mechanisms of Superconductivity»
(Grenoble, France, 1994);

30-a Niaauaiea ii oeceea ieceeo oaiia?aoo? (Aeoaia, ?inney, 1994);

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey «Naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoue. Oece/aneea aniaeou»
(Oa?ueeia, Oe?aeia, 1995);

XVII Encontro National de Fisica da Materia Condensada (Caxambu, Brazil,
1994);

9

International Conference on teaching the science of condensed matter and
new materials (Udine, Italy, 1995);

6-th European Magnetic Materials and Applications Conference (EMMA’95)
(Vienna, Austria, 1995);

16-th General Conference of the Condenced Matter Division (Leuven,
Belgium, 1997);

III Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey «Oece/aneea yaeaiey a oaa?aeuo oaeao»
(e 80-eaoeth aeaaeaieea E.I.Eeooeoea) (Oa?ueeia, Oe?aeia,1997);

International Cryogenic Materials Conference (ICMC’99) (Montreal,
Canada, 1999);

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue, ui cai?iaaaeaeaii aei
aeena?oaoei?, iioaeieiaaii a 27 noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, o?ueio
cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o?ueio aaoi?nueeeo naiaeioeoaao, iiiaae 50
iaoa?iaeao i oacao eiioa?aioeie.

No?oeoo?a i ianya aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
aeaio /anoei, oinoe ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia oa nieneo oeeoiaaii?
eioa?aoo?e (224 aeaea?aea). Aiia iinoeoue 288 noi?iiie, aeeth/a? 77
iaethieia i 7 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE.

O anooii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue oaie, ?icaeyiooi noai i?iaeaie, ui
aeineiaeaeo?oueny, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo i caaea/i ?iaioe. Ooo aea
aiaeia?aaeaii iiaecio iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia, ?o iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy, iaaaaeaii iieiaeaiiy, yei aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei «Iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioo» iaaiai?th?oueny aeai?
ia’?eoia aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?eaiaeyoueny iaoiaeeee ?o ia?iaee oa
aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia oe?ieiio eiei ia’?eoia, ui
caciathoue iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue o iaaei?iaiaeiee oa
iaaiioiaii?yaeeiaaii noaie. Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eaeieyeanue iaoa?iaeai c
aeecueeith caiaeiinoth ia?aiao?ia e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee oa ?aaeionia
ei?aeyoei? aeaeo?iiia, ia?aaaaeii ieneaeai iiaei oa ia?aaioeth c
ia?ianeioiiiaeiaiith a?aoeie. Naia a oeeo neeueii ei?aeueiaaieo nenoaiao
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii oaciai ia?aoai?aiiy iaoiiaeththoue oiieaeueii
aeanoeainoi, aiaeiiaiaeii, aenieioaiia?aoo?io iaaei?iaiaeiinoue oa
aiaaionueeee

10

iaaiioiiii?. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeiyeueiinoue, ui neeaea ciino ?iaioe,
?icaeaaeanue o aeaio iai?yiao. Ia?oee iai?yi iia’ycai c aiaeicii aieeao
ia?iaie c?aceia ia oa?aeoa?enoeee iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo
ia?aoai?aiue (oaiia?aoo?e ia?aoiaeo, iniaeeainoae eiaoioei?ioa
oa?ii/iiai iioe?aiiy, ?o /ooeeainoi aei oeneo oa aiaeiiaiaeii
aeanoeainoi). Oey iioi?iaoeiy ? aaaeeeaith aeey c?icoiiiiy i?e?iaee
ia?aoiaeia oa ioeiiie aca?iiaeie iiae iaiaeii?iaeiinoyie e?enoaei/ii?
a?aoee oa iaaiioieie no?oeoo?aie o eiei ia?aoai?aiue. Ae?oaee iai?yi
iieyaaa o aea/aiii naia aca?iiaei? iiae iaaiioieie no?oeoo?aie oa
e?enoaei/iith a?aoeie oeyoii aeii?thaaiue iacai?ioieo iaiaaii/oaaiiy oa
iaaiioino?eeoei?. Cai?iiiiiaaia aeiyeueiinoue iio?aaoaaea ieeueiiai
aeii?thaaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo oa iieueiaeo caeaaeiinoae iaaiioieo oa
no?eeoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee c?aceia a oe?ieiio aeiaiaciii iecueeeo
oaiia?aoo? oa iaaiioieo iieia, aaaeaii i?ioyaii iaeiiai aenia?eiaioo aac
ciiie c?acea. E?ii oiai, iio?aaoaaeeny aeii?thaaiiy ciii ia?aiao?ia
e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee i?e oaiia?aoo?ao aii?yaeeoaaiiy oa ieae/a. C oei?th
iaoith aoei noai?aii aenia?eiaioaeueii — oaoiieiai/iee eiiieaen c
eiii’thoa?ieie caniaaie cai?o oa ia?iaee ?acoeueoaoia aenia?eiaioo. Aei
neeaaeo oeueiai eiiieaeno oaieoee iecueeioaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeiioaoii/iee
aeeeaoiiao?, iaaiioiiao?e/ia iaeaaeiaiiy, ?aioaaiianueeee aeeo?aeoiiao?
c e?iiaaiiei iiaeoeai, ui iinoeoue iaaei?iaiaeiee nieaii?ae, aaoiiiiiee
ieanoeeiaee e?iinoao aeey aeii?thaaiiy aeanoeainoae c?acea i?e iecueeeo
oaiia?aoo?ao iiae aieeaii aeaeo?iiaaiioieo iieia, i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
aeey cai?o — ia?iaee ?acoeueoaoia oa aicoaeicaoei? no?oeoo?ieo ciii iiae
aieeaii ciaiioiio iieia, ii/ aeey oa?ii/ii? ia?iaee iaoa?iaeia o ciiiiie
aoiinoa?i c iaoith ea?iaaiiai aieeao ia ?o no?oeoo?o, IE c iaeaoii
i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai aeey oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieia. Iae.1 iethno?o? noaio
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo aeeeaoiiao?e/ieo aeii?thaaiue o iaaiioiiio iiei, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? iaeii/aniee eiio?ieue ciiie iaaiioiiai noaio o c?aceo.

I?ioyaii noai?aiiy eiiieaeno aoei cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae caniaia aeey
noaaieicaoei? oaiia?aoo?e c?acea o ciaiioiio iieyo oa iaoiaeia
iioeiicaoei? e?iiaaiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui caoeuaii aaoi?nueeeie
naiaeioeoaaie.

Ia?oa /anoeia «Aieea no?oeoo?ieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae ia ia?aiao?e
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy» neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ?icaeieia i
i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai oi?ioaaiiy ea?iaaieie caniaaie aa-

11

Iae. 1. Noaia iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo aeeeaoiiao?e/ieo aeii?ia o iaaiioiiio
iiei.

oa?iaaiieo no?oeoo? o e?enoaei/ieo nenoaiao, a oaeiae aeineiaeaeaiith ?o
aieeao ia iacai?ioiueinoi i?ioeania iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy, aeaeieaiith aianeia ?o i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiaeieo oa
iia’ycaieo c ieie i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoeie.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei «Oi?ioaaiiy oa eiio?ieue no?oeoo?ieo
iaiaeii?iaeiinoae» i?eaiaeyoueny oa iaaiai?ththoueny ?acoeueoaoe
i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeia oa aiaeiieo eioa?aoo?ieo aeaieo, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?e?iaeo, iaoaiicie, eiiaoeeo, ii?oieiai/ii iniaeeainoi
oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae a iaoaeao, nieaaao, neeaaeieo
iaaei?iaiaeieeao oa iaaiaoeeao, ui ca oeo /e iioeo ianoaaei
ciaoiaeyoueny o ia?iaiiaaaeiiio noaii, oa aaiethoeith oeeo
iaiaeii?iaeiinoae a i?ioeani iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaee i?iaiaeeeeny c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iciiiaiioieo
iaoiaeia ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiaeico, iioe/ii? iie?ineiii?,
eaei?iiao?e/ieo oa aeeeaoiiao?e/ieo iaoiaeia. Ia i?eeeaaei nieaaia
nenoai Ag-Cu oa Cu-In aeineiaeaeaii iniaeeainoi oi?ioaaiiy eaiiia?ieo
no?oeoo? (eiii?eiai aeaeieaiiy) i?ioyaii ?iciaaeo ia?ane/aieo oaa?aeeo
?ic/eiia, aca?iiaeiy /anoeiie (eaiaeae) i?aoeeiioaoo c iiaeca?aiieie
a?aieoeyie. Aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui ca iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? noa?iiiy c?ino
eaiaeae aeia?aaeaea? ciiuaiiy a?aieoeue, i?e aeueo oaiia?aoo?ao, eiee c
iiiioiith oaeaeeinoth iaea ?ae?enoaeicaoeiy, iia?oth/a iiaeca?aiia
a?aieoey caoiieth? o nai?io ?oni eaiaei i?aoeeiioaoo. Oaeei /eiii,
i?iaeaiiino?iaaii iiaeeeainoue ?aaeicaoei? a iaeiiio i oiio ae oaa?aeiio
?ic/eii aeaio iaaiai?th?ieo a eioa?aoo?i, oaeaaaeinue ae aeueoa?iaoeaieo
iaoaiiciia aca?iiaei? iiaeca?aiieo a?aieoeue c aeaeieaiiyie, ui
ooai?ththoueny i?ioyaii eiii?eiaiai ia?aoai?aiiy oac. Oaiia?a-

12

oo?a ia?aoiaeo aiae iaeiiai iaoaiicio aei iioiai caeaaeeoue aiae
iiia?aaeiuei? inoi?i?, neeaaeo, ciaiioiio oiia, ca yeeie i?ioiaeeoue
noa?iiiy. Oae, nooo?ao ?ieue aiaeia?athoue naa?aaoth/i ia a?aieoeyo
aeiiioee, iiia?aaeiy aeaoi?iaoeiy nieaaa, aeiy ciaiioiio iai?oa, oiui.

Iiia?aaeiy ieanoe/ia aeaoi?iaoeiy oa i?eeeaaeaii ciaii noaoe/ii iai?oae
iaeiinoi?iiiueiai ?icoyao (noeneo) iaiaeiicia/ii aieeaathoue ia eiiaoeeo
?iciaaeo, ye ia?a?ea/anoiai, oae i iaia?a?ea/anoiai. Aeie?eoe/ii (ca
aeiaa?aiaie ?ae?enoaeicaoei?) aeaoi?iaoei? i iai?oae, ui ia
ia?aaeuothoue a?aieoeth oaeo/inoi, niiaieueiththoue ?iciaae, ca oiia ?o
aeuiai ?iaiy i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy i?enei?th?oueny. Niinoa?aaeaii aoaeoe
iiyniththoueny aca?iiei aieeaii i?ioeania aeaeieaiiy oa
?ae?enoaeicaoei?. Iaaiai?ththoueny iiaeeeainoi noai?aiiy eaacieaiiia?ieo
no?oeoo? ca ?aooiie iaoaii/ieo aeie, noi?ioeueiaaii oiiae iaea?aeaiiy
oa?enoeo no?oeoo? iaaii? aaiiao?i?.

Aeineiaeaeaii iniaeeainoi no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue oa aeaeieaiiy
iaaeeeoeiai? aia?ai? i?ioyaii aiaeiaeaiiy ieanoe/ii aeaoi?iiaaieo
ooaiieaaeeo iaoaeia (Wo, Mo, Nb) oa c?aceia, ni?aniaaieo c ii?ioeia oeeo
iaoaeia ?icii? aeenia?niinoi. Iieacaii, ui o aeiaaeeo eeoeo iaoaeia
aeaeieaiiy caoiaaii? aia?ai? aeaoi?iaoei? aiaeaoaa?oueny i, aieiaiei
/eiii, caaa?oo?oueny ia aoaii aiaeiaeaiiy (oaiia?aoo?ii- /aniaeo
iioa?aaeao), eiee iathoue iinoea cai?io oa ia?aeiia ?ae?enoaeicaoeiy. O
iaoaeiea?aii/ieo ia’?eoao oeae i?ioean caeii/o?oueny ca aeueo oaiia?aoo?
ca o/anoth cae?aeueii? ?ae?enoaeicaoei?. Iiiioiee aianie o oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aea? ciaiueoaiiy noia?ii? iiaa?oiaai? aia?ai? ainaiaeth
ii?ioeiie.

A o?aoueiio ?icaeiei «Eiieo?aioeiy eiiiiceoeieiiai oa aeaoi?iaoeieiiai
aianeia» ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii c c’ynoaaiiyi ?iei aieeaia
no?oeoo?ieo aeaoi?iaoeie, ui ooai?ththoueny i?ioyaii oi?ioaaiiy
iaiaeii?iaeieo no?oeoo?, ia ?o iae?ineiii/ii oice/ii oa?aeoa?enoeee oa
iniaeeainoi iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy. Iaeaieueoa oaaaa
i?eaeiey?oueny ia’?eoai c aenieith /ooeeainoth ia?aiao?ia ia?aoai?aiue
aei oeneo, ia?o ca ana, aenieioaiia?aoo?iei iaaei?iaiaeieeai. C oei?th
iaoith i?iaaaeaii ?aoaeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae
aiaeiinieo aeaeiaaeaiue iaaei?iaiaeieeiaeo i?i?ioiaaieo ea?aiie oa
iiiie?enoaeia ieneaeia iiaei ic ciiiiei neeaaeii eenith. Niinoa?aaeaii
ca’ycie iniaeeainoae oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae iiaeeco iaaei?iaiaeiiai
ia?aoiaeo (Iae. 2) oa a eiei 200 E, aieea ia ieo iaaiioiiai iiey,
ainoa?acen

13

Iae. 2. Aiiiaeiy oa?ii/ii? aeaoi?iaoei? o eiei Tc = 86 K: 1 —
iaaei?iaiaeiee noai, 2 — iaiaaei?iaiaeiee noai (iaiaaaioaaeaiee
iiiie?enoae YBa2Cu3O6.85) [1].

Oei iniaeeainoi ? /ooeeaeie aei iiia?aaeiio ia?iaie, ui aecia/athoue
ciino oa ?iciiaeie eenith. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo naiae/aoue i?i oa,
ui o aeiaaeeo io?i?aeo ieneaeia iiaei eenaiue aiaeia?a? ?ieue
aiiiaeueieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia c nooo?aei c?inoii ia?aiao?ia
e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee oa ieoiiiai ia’?io aianeiaeie iane/aiiy eeniai. Oiio
iaiaeii?iaeii noaie, iia’ycaii ci ciiiith eeniaaiai iiaeaeno a oeueiio
iaoa?iaei, iiaeooue i?eaanoe aei aeieeiaiiy cia/ieo iieia iaiaeii?iaeieo
i?oaeieo iai?oa, i oei naiei nooo?ai aieeiooe ia ?o iaaei?iaiaeii
oa?aeoa?enoeee, caaaeyee ?o aenieie /ooeeainoi aei oeneo
(dTc/dP »10-9 K/Ia). Oiio i?oaeii iiey iiaeooue iiiioii ciiieoe ea?oeio
?iciiaeieo ia?aiao?o ii?yaeeo o aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeao.
Aiaeiiaiaeii yaeua iiaeooue aooe i?iaiaeiciaaieie a ?aieao
oaiiiaiieiai/iiai iiaeoiaeo o iinoaiiaoei Aiicao?aa — Eaiaeao, ui
i?eeia? aei oaaae aianie iai?oa o aieueio aia?aith.

14

Aianeiaeie ?icaeyaeo aiaeiiaiaeieo nenoai ae?acia iiaeia io?eiaoe
niiaaiaeiioaiiy aeey oaici?a aeaoi?iaoeie aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo
iaaei?iaiaeieeia ic neeaaeiaith, ui aiaeiiaiaea? ?icii?iei ciiiai i?e
iaaei?iaiaeiiio ia?aoiaei, aai acaaaei i?e ia?aoiaei c iaiaaei?iaiaeiiai
noaio o iaaei?iaiaeiee:

(.1)

. Aaee/eia oei?? neeaaeiai? ciaoiaeeoueny o caaeiaieueiie caiaeiinoi c
?acoeueoaoaie aeii?ia (Iae. 2).

Aiaeicothoueny iiaeeeai ianeiaeee, a naia eiiai?iinoue no?eioaaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy iaaei?iaiaeiiai ia?aiao?o ii?yaeeo, iia’ycaiiai c
eiieo?aioei?th eiiiiceoeieiiai (iiaeaeuaiiy iaaei?iaiaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee
c iane/aiiyi eeniai) oa aeaoi?iaoeieiiai (?o cieaeaiiy a aeieyioei
iiaeaeuaiiai neeaaeo eenith caaaeyee ?icoyao) aianeia.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei «Aieea no?oeoo?ieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae ia iaaiioii
oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoa?iaaiieo nenoai i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao» i?iaaaeaii
eiiieaenia aeineiaeaeaiiy iaiaaii/oaaiiy aaoa?iaaiieo nenoai c
eiio?ieueiaaiei ?iaiai iaiaeii?iaeiinoae o eiei iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy. Iaoa oeeo aeineiaeia iieyaaea o aea/aiii aieeao
no?oeoo?ieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae oa ?o aca?iiaei? c iaaiioieie no?oeoo?aie
ia iacai?ioiueinoi iaiaaii/oaaiiy iaaiioiaii?yaeeiaaieo nenoai iiaeeco
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue, aeaeieaiith aianeia ?icieo oeiia
e?enoaei/ieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae oa iiaeeeainoae iaeaioeoieaoei? inoaiiio
c e?eaeo iaaiioiiai ainoa?aceno. Oea noaiiaeoue iniaeeaee iioa?an aeey
aeineiaeaeaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo no?oeoo?, oiio ui, ye iieacaee
aeineiaee iiia?aaeiio ?icaeieia, cae/aeii iaoiaee no?oeoo?iiai aiaeico
iiaeooue /eieoe ia?aoeiaee c i?eaiaeo aieeaia i?iiiaeieo aiaeiaethaaiue,
aei?iiiithaaiiy, oiui, yei oyaeythoueny iniaeeai iaaacia/ieie o neeueii
ei?aeueiaaieo nenoaiao.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai iaiaaii/oaaiiy ieneaeia
ia?aaioeth A1-xCaxMnO3 (A = Nd, Bi, Sm, Eu, Tb) aeyaeee ieceo
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaiioieo oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue a oeeo iaoa?iaeao.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aianeiaeie eaaoaaiiy niieoee NdMnO3 iiiaie

15

eaeueoeith neaaeioa?iiaaiioiee noai ca oeiii Aecyeioeinueeiai — Ii?iy
ia?aoiaeeoue o oa?iiaaiioiee ca eiioeaio?aoei? eaeueoeith x = 0.2 ic
caeuaiiyi e?eoe/ii? oaiia?aoo?e aiae 89 aei 128 K. Iiaeaeueoa
caieueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoei? eaeueoeith aeeeeea? ciaioaiiy iaiaaii/aiinoi,
i niieoea noa? aioeoa?iiaaiioiith i?e x = 0.4. sseinii oaea naia
iiaaaeiiea niinoa?iaaeany ia niieoeao Eu1-xCaxMnO3. ?acii c oei
iaiaaii/aiinoue c?aceia ic x = 0.2 na?i? c ?a?iii?i aoea ieae/ith, iiae
neiae i/ieoaaoe o aeiaaeeo oa?iiaaiioiiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy iiiia Mn3+ oa
Mn4+, ui oe?iei iaaiai?th?oueny a eioa?aoo?i. Noia?iee i?aioaeueiee
iiiaio Eu3+ aei?iaith? ioeth, i aianeii ?iaeeiniicaiaeueii? iiae?aoioee
o iaiaaii/aiinoue iiaeia ciaoooaaoe. Iaaiaee, iaiaaii/aiinoue ?a?iii?aeo
niieoe ic x = 0.3 oa x = 0.4 ia?aaeuo? iaiaaii/aiinoue aiaeiai/ieo
iaiaeeiiaeo niieoe. I?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao iaiaaii/aiinoue niieoee ic
naia?i?i nooo?ai aeua, a ainiooiai? ieae/a, ca iaiaeeiiai?. Aeua 200 K
iaiaaii/aiinoue iaiaeeiiai? oa ainiooiai? niieoe c?inoa? c
oaiia?aoo?ith, ui iiaea naiae/eoe i?i ca?yaeiaa aii?yaeeoaaiiy, yea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei aioeoa?iiaaiaoecio. Aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy niieoee
Nd0.6Ca0.4MnO3 naiae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia?aoiae i?e 4.2E o ciaiioiueiio
iaaiioiiio iiei ? ia?aoai?aiiyi ic aeiaeaeo?e/iiai aioeoa?iiaaiioiiai
noaio o i?iaiaeiee oa?iiaaiioiee noai. Ia?aoai?aiiy ? iacai?ioiei i
cai?io o aioeoa?iiaaiioiee noai iio?aao? aiaeia?iao aeua 50 K. Aeii?e
i?oaeieo iiaeoeae oa ?aioaaiianueei aeineiaee aeyaeee
e?enoaeino?oeoo?iee oaciaee ia?aoiae a aeineiaeaeaieo niieoeao i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao, ui ? ianooo?ai ieae/eie ca eiiiaoio. Oaiia?aoo?a ia?aoiaeo
ianooo?ai ciiith?oueny i?e ciiii neeaaeo niieoe. Iiaeeco 250 K
niinoa?iaa?oueny iaeaeua iaiaaii/aiinoue Nd0.6Ca0.4MnO3, ui iiaea
naiae/eoe i?i ca’ycie ia?aoiaeo iiaeeco eiiiaoii? oaiia?aoo?e c
aii?yaeeoaaiiyi iiiia Mn3+ oa Mn4+. Aii?yaeeoaaiiy ia? iinoea a oe?ieiio
iioa?aaei eiioeaio?aoeie iiiia eaeueoeith, ui ni?ey? cieaeaiith
niiioaiii? iaiaaii/aiinoi a niieoeao ic x > 0.2. Caiiuaiiy iiiia
iaiaeeio ia iiie ainiooo ni?ey? noaaieicaoei? aioeoa?iiaaiioiiai noaio,
a caiiuaiiy iiiaie naia?ith oa ?a?iiith iaoiiaeth? aeanoeainoi,
i?eoaiaiii niiiiaiio neeo. Ciiia aeanoeainoae o iecoei A0.6Ca0.4MnO3 (A
= Eu, Sm, Nd) aaaaea?oueny iia’ycaiei ic caieueoaiiyi iaaiaeiiaiaeiinoi
iiae iiiieie ?aaeionaie ia?aaioeth oa ?iaeeiniicaiaeueiiai iiia.
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue naiae/eoe i?i oa, ui nenoaia ia caa?iaa? aiiiaaiiee
neeaae i ?icaeaa?oueny ia iie?iaeiiaie c ?iciei oeiii e?enoaei/ii?
no?oeoo?e. Oi?ioaaiiy iaaiioieo noaiia o i?enooiinoi aeecueeiai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy

16

aea/aeiny ia nieaaao a?oie caeica. Oeyoii iaaiioieo oa aeeeaoiiao?e/ieo
aeii?ia aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?enooiinoi aeeaeiueiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy
aiae?iciy?oueny oiieioith no?oeoo?ith iiae cae/aeii ia?aoiaee ia?a —
oa?iiaaiaoee a aeaeaeiaii?yaeeiaaiiio oa?iiaaiaoeeo.

Aeaoaeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao aaoa?iaaiiinoi no?oeoo? ia
iacai?ioiueinoi iaiaaii/oaaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia iaaei?iaiaeieeiaeo
niieoeao, ia?o ca ana aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeao. ?icaeyiooi
aieea oaciaiai neeaaeo, aeiiioeia, a?aieoeue oa ?icii?o ca?ai, iiney
?iciiiaiioieo iiia?aaeiio oa?ii/ieo ia?iaie ia caeeoeiao
iaiaaii/aiinoue, iia’ycaio c iiiiiaii iaaiioiiai iioieo. Ia iniiai
iiaeaeae e?eoe/iiai noaio c?iaeaii ioeiiee e?eoe/ieo no?oiia, oa
iaoiiaethth/eo ?o nee aca?iiaei? iiiiiao aeoi?ia iaaiioiiai iioieo c
iaiaeii?iaeiinoyie e?enoaei/ii? no?oeoo?e. Anoaiiaeaii caaeiaieueio
aiaeiiaiaeiinoue aeaiei i?yieo aeii?ia. ?acoeueoaoe ii?iaiyii c
ioeiieaie nee iiiiiao a iaiaeii?iaeieo iaaei?iaiaeieeao ca noaiith,
aeeeaaeaiith o iiia?aaeiueiio ?icaeiei. ?icaeyiooi eiiiiiaioe iiiiiao,
iia’ycaii c i?oaeieie aca?iiaeiyie. Aeyaeaii iiaeeeainoue aieeao
i?oaeieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae ia iniaeeainoi eiioeaio?aoeieieo caeaaeiinoae
e?eoe/ieo no?oiia aiaeiiaiaeii oaciaiio neeaaeo iaaei?iaiaeieeiai?
niieoee. O aeaoioeeoiie ca eeniai niieooei YBa2Cu3O6+x iaeneiaeueia neea
iiiiiao aiaeiiaiaea? x=0.85 aeey iaeiioaciaiai neeaaeo oa c?inoa? a
i?enooiinoi oace Y2BaCuO5.

Ae?oaa /anoeia aeena?oaoei? «Aeineiaeaeaiiy iaaiioino?eeoeieieo
aoaeoia», ui iinoeoue i’yoee oa oinoee ?icaeiee, i?enay/aia aea/aiith
oeyoii iaaiioino?eeoeieieo aeii?ia aca?iiaeie e?enoaei/ii? oa iaaiioii?
no?oeoo? oa ?o aieeao ia aeanoeainoi aii?yaeeiaaiiai noaio, ia?aaaaeii a
ia?ianeioiiiaeiaieo no?oeoo?ao ieneaeia iiaei i ia?aaioeth.

O i’yoiio ?icaeiei «Aiaaionueea no?eeoeiy ieneaeia iiaei oa ia?aaioeth c
ia?ianeioiiiaeiaiith no?oeoo?ith o eiei iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo
ia?aoai?aiue» niinoa?aaeaii oa aeaoaeueii aeineiaeaeaii ?iciiiaiioieie
iaoiaeaie (?aiaaiino?oeoo?iei, aeeeaoiiao?e/ieie ?iiinoiei oa
?aaeiioaoii/iei, oaiciiao?e/iei) ?icii?ii aoaeoe iiaeeco
iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo ia?aoiaeia o aii?yaeeiaaiee noai (iaaei?iaiaeiee,
aioeoa?iiaaiioiee) oa o i?ioeani eiai ?oeioaaiiy iaaiioiei iieai.
Aeyaeaii niieueii ?ene iaaiioino?eeoeieieo yaeu a oeeo oeiao iaoa?iaeia,
a naia aiaaionueei cia/aiiy aiaeiinieo no?eeoeieieo aeaoi?iaoeie (10-4),
ei?aeyoeith iieueiaeo caeaaeiinoae iaaiioino?eeoei? oa iaiaaii/aiinoi,
iacai?ioiinoue iiaaaeiiee o iaaiioiiio iiei, nooo?ai caeeoeiai aoaeoe
(Iae. 3).

Aeyaeaii, ui iiney ia?aiaaii/oaaiiy iiaa?iaiiy aei iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai
noaio ? iiaeeeaei oieueee iiney i?iiiaeiiai aiaeia?iao a ioeueiaiio iiei
aei oaiia?aoo?e, aeui? ca oaiia?aoo?o aii?yaeeoaaiiy.

17

Iae. 3. Icioa?ie iaiaaii/aiinoi (eiai?o/) oa iaaiioino?eeoei? (i?aai?o/)
niieoee Nd0.6Ca0.4MnO3 iiney caoieiaeaeaiiy o ioeueiaiio iaaiioiiio
iiei (ZFC)[2].

O oinoiio ?icaeiei i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee aiaeic iaaiioino?eeoei?
iaaei?iaiaeieeia. I?iaiaeiciaaii iaaiioino?eeoeieii aianee. Iniaeeao
oaaao i?eaeieaii ?icaeyaeo oa?iiaeeiaii/iiai oa iacai?ioiueiai aianeia.
Oeyoii aeii?thaaiue ia oe?ieiio eiei aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo
iaaei?iaiaeieeia aeiaaaeaii, ui aiaaionueeo iacai?ioith
iaaiioino?eeoeith iaoiiaeaii iiiiiaii iaaiioiiai iioieo ia
iaiaeii?iaeiinoyo e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee. Oaeei /eiii, aaee/eie
iacai?ioiuei? iaaiioino?eeoei? aecia/athoueny ia?aaaaeii aiaeiiaiaeieie
iiiiiao a?aaei?ioaie iaaiioiiai iioieo. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaiaeiciaaii a
iaaeao iiaeoiaeo, ciniiaaiiai ia eeane/ieo iiaeaeyo e?eoe/iiai noaio
iaaei?iaiaeieeia o iicaeiaaeiueiio iaaiioiiio iiei. Oeae iiaeoiae
?icaeiooi ia aeiaaeie oiieiai oa?o iaaei?iaiaeieea o ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio
iaaiioiiio iiei i iaea?aeaia aiaeioe/ia ?ioaiiy. Ii?iaiyiiy aeii?yieo
cia/aiue iaaiioino?eeoei? c ia/eneaieie c aeei?enoaiiyi a?aaei?ioia
iaaiioiiai iioieo, iaea?aeaieo c iacai?ioiuei? iaiaaii/aiinoi (Iae. 4)
aeiaaei iiaeeeainoue aeei?enoaiiy iaaiioino?eeoeieieo aeii?ia aeey
aea/aiiy ciioaiiai noaio iaaei?iaiaeieeia. Oey aaiiao?iy ia? i?eeeaaeia
cia/aiiy, cie?aia oiio, ui ani aicoaeueii iaoiaee i?yiiai aea/aiiy
iaaiioieo no?oeoo? ? iiaeeeaeie naia a oeie aai-

18

iao?i?. A ?iaioi aoei cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ia?iaee cia?aaeaiue iaaiioieo
no?oeoo?, ui aeicaieea ioeiieoe i?inoi?iaee ?iciiaeie iaaiioiiai iioieo
oa eiai a?aaei?ioia i ii?iaiyoe oei aeaii c ?acoeueoaoaie iacaeaaeieo
aeii?ia iaaiioino?eeoei?. Iaea?aeaia ?icoiia niiaaiaeiinoue
?acoeueoaoia. Ie?aii, ia aaci i?eaiiaeueieo aeii?ia oa aiaeico
eioa?aoo?ieo aeaieo, aoea aeaeieaia ia?aiaaiioia neeaaeiaa
iaaiioino?eeoei? iaaei?iaiaeieeia c ia?aiaaiioieie iiiaie. Oey neeaaeiaa
ia? eaaae?aoe/io caeaaeiinoue aiae iaaiioiiai iiey, iaeaioeoieiaaio ye
iia’ycaio c e?enoaei/iei aeaeo?e/iei iieai, ui cieaeo? neiao?ith
aacinii? ieiueie, i iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiith aeey ioeiiie
iaaiioii?oaeieo aca?iiaeie ia?aiaaiioieo iiiia. Iaea?aeaii aeaii i?i
iaaiioino?eeoeith aei?noeeo iaaei?iaiaeieeia oa

Iae. 4. Iaaiioino?eeoeieii iaoei iiiie?enoaeia La1.85Sr0.15CuO4 o
iiia?a/iiio (eiai?o/) oa iicaeiaaeiueiio (i?aai?o/) iieyo:
nooeieueii eiii? — aenia?eiaio, oo?eoiai — ?ic?aooiie [3].

cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey aiaeico ciioaiiai noaio
iiaeooue aooe canoiniaaieie i?e ?ic?iaoei iiooaeiino?oiiaeo iaaiioieo
nenoai. Noaiiaeoue oaeiae iioa?an o?aaeeoeieia canoinoaaiiy
iaaecae/aeieo no?eeoeieieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo iaaei?iaiaeieeia,
iai?eeeaae, o iaaiioiaeonoe/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao.

19

AENIIAEE

A ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue iaea?aeaii i i?iaiaeiciaaii
iiai aeaii i?i i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy aaoa?iaaiieo no?oeoo?: oa?enoinoi
e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee oeyoii ea?oaaiiy eiii?eiaei ?iciaaeii
ia?ane/aieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiia; ?iciiaeieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia a
ieneaeao; iaaiioieo no?oeoo? ieae/a oaiia?aoo?e aii?yaeeoaaiiy
aiaeiiaiaeii i?inoi?iaiio ?iciiaeieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae e?enoaei/ii?
a?aoee. Oea aeicaieeei i?iaanoe aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao aca?iiaeie
aaoa?iaaiieo e?enoaei/ieo oa iaaiioieo no?oeoo? ia iacai?ioiinoi
?icii?ieo oa iaaiioieo oa?aeoa?enoee aii?yaeeiaaieo oaa?aeioieueieo
nenoai iiaeeco oaiia?aoo? aii?yaeeoaaiiy, c’ynoaaoe ?o i?e?iaeo, aeyaeoe
?ieue eiiiiceoeieieo oa aeaoi?iaoeieieo aianeia a i?ioeane
aii?yaeeoaaiiy, ia?aaeaa/eoe iiai yaeua, iaoiiaeaii eiieo?aioei?th oeeo
aianeia, iienaoe iacai?ioiinoi o iaaiioiiio iiei oa aeaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoei?
uiaei ?o aeei?enoiaoaaiiy c iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae
aii?yaeeiaaieo noaiia. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo eiiieaenieo
aeineiaeaeaiue caiaeyoueny aei ianooiieo iniiaieo aeniiaeia:

1. ?oeioaaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeiaaiiai noaio niieoe
ieneaeia iiaei oa ia?aaioeth ic no?oeoo?aie oeio ia?ianeioia iaaiioiei
iieai noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny nooo?aeie iacai?ioieie ?icii?ieie aoaeoaie.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui o ciaiioiueiio iaaiioiiio iiei niieoea Nd0.6Ca0.4MnO3
i?e 4.2 K ia?aoiaeeoue ic aeiaeaeo?e/iiai aioeoa?iiaaiioiiai noaio o
i?iaiaeiee oa?iiaaiioiee noai ic ciaioaiiyi ia’?io c?acea ia 0.1%.
Aaee/eie iaaiioino?eeoei? i?e ?oeioaaiii iaaiioiei iieai iaaei?iaiaeiiai
noaio niieoe La2-xSrxCuO4, YBa2Cu3O6+x, aeinyaa? 10-4. Oaei aeaoi?iaoei?
? nooo?aeie aeey iioeiinoi iaoa?iaeia i iathoue aooe i?eeiyoeie aei
oaaae iiae /an ?o aeei?enoaiiy o iaaiioieo iieyo.

2. Eiiaoeea oi?ioaaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeiaaiiai noaio
?icaeyiooeo iaoa?iaeia oa eiai ?oeioaaiiy o iaaiioiiio iiei nooo?ai
caeaaeeoue aiae neeaaeo oa i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiaeieo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae
e?enoaei/ii? oa iaaiioii? no?oeoo?. Eiioeaio?aoeiy oa ?iciiaeie
aiiiaeueieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia eenith a ieneaeao iiaei aecia/a?
iniaeeainoi ?oiueiai ia?aoiaeo o iaaei?iaiaeiee noai. Iaaii ?aaeeie
iane/aiiy eeniai niieoe YBa2Cu3O6+x i?ecaiaeyoue aei nooo?aeo ?icii?ieo
aoaeoia i?ioyaii ia?aoiaeo. A niieoeao Nd0.6Ca0.4MnO3 caiiuaiiy iiiia Nd
ia iiie Bi i?ecaiaeeoue aei noaaieicaoei? aioeoa?iiaaiioiiai noaio, a
caiiuaiiy ia iiie Sm i Eu aaaea aei iiyae

20

aeanoeainoae, ui i?eoaiaiii niiiiaiio neeo. (Oaeee naia aoaeo
niinoa?aaeaii ia niieoeao

iaoaeia a?oie caeica o i?enooiinoi aeecueei-aeith/iai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy.)

3. Aieea aaoa?iaaiiinoae no?oeoo? ia i?ioeane iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo
ia?aoai?aiue a cia/iie ii?i aecia/a?oueny iia’ycaieie c ieie
iaiaeii?iaeieie i?oaeieie iieyie. I?iaaaeaii aeeeaoiiao?e/ii
aeii?thaaiiy ia ?iciiiaiiooi c?aceia c ea?iaaiei oa?iiia?iaeaie nooiaiai
aaoa?iaaiiinoi i?iaeaiiino?oaaee oe?ieee niaeo? aaniethoieo cia/aiue oa
oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae oa?ii/iiai iioe?aiiy aeineiaeaeaieo
iaoa?iaeia. A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao, iai?eeeaae iaiaeii?iaeiiai ?iciiaeieo
eenith a io?i?aeo ieneaeao iiaei, oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy
aaee/acieo (10-2) i?inoi?iaeo ciii ieoiiiai ia’?io. I?eeiath/e aei oaaae
aeniei /ooeeainoi e?eoe/ieo ia?aiao?ia aeineiaeaeaieo iaoa?iaeia aei
oeneo, aeiaaaeaii, ui aiaeiiaiaeii i?oaeii iiey nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia
oi?ioaaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai noaio oa eiai aeanoeainoi. Aiaeic a
oa?iiiao oi?ioaaiiy iaiaeii?iaeiiai ia?aiao?o ii?yaeeo i?e ia?aoiaei
niieoe YBa2Cu3O6+x c iaiaeii?iaeiei ?iciiaeieii eenith ic
iaiaaei?iaiaeiiai o iaaei?iaiaeiee noai iiynith? noi?iaiaeaeoth/ee
?icii?iee aoaeo eiieo?aioei?th eiiiiceoeieiiai (iiaeaeuaiiy
iaaei?iaiaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeeco iiaeaeuaii? eiioeaio?aoei? eenith)
oa aeaoi?iaoeieiiai (iiaeaaeaiiy iaaei?iaiaeiinoi aeaoi?iaoeiyie ?icoyao
iiaeeco aiiiaeueieo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia) aianeia. Iaiaeii?iaeii i?oaeii
iiey aecia/athoue oaeiae, ye aeiaaee i?iaaaeaii inieoe oa ioeiiee,
iniaeeainoi caeaaeiinoae neee iiiiiao aiae oaiia?aoo?e, neeaaeo ca
eeniai oa ii?iaeueii? oace Y2BaCuO5.

4. ?icii?ii aoaeoe a iaaiioiiio iiei ae?iciythoueny oiniei caiaii ye
iieueiaeo caeaaeiinoae, oae i aaniethoieo cia/aiue aeey iaaei?iaiaeieo
ieneaeia iiaei oa aioeoa?iiaaiioieo ieneaeia ia?aaioeth, a oaeiae ?o
aiaeiiaiaeiinoth e?eaei iaiaaii/oaaiiy oeeo iaoa?iaeia. Aaniethoii
cia/aiiy aiaeiinieo aeaoi?iaoeie noaiiaeyoue 10-4, a iacai?ioiinoi o
iaaiioiiio iiei i?ecaiaeyoue aei nooo?aeo caeeoeiaeo aeaoi?iaoeie,
aiaeiiaiaeath/eo caeeoeiaie iaiaaii/aiinoi. Aeey iaaei?iaiaeieo niieoe
oeae aoaeo caaeiaieueii iienaii aeaoi?iaoei?th e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee,
iiaeoeiaaiith neeaie iiiiiao ic a?aooaaiiyi i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae
aiicio?iiieo iaiaeii?iaeieo no?oeoo?. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieia
ciaoiaeyoueny o iaiiaeieueeiniie caiaei c ?acoeueoaoaie aeineiae-

21

aeaiiy aieeao e?enoaei/ii? aiicio?iii? oa aaiiao?e/ieo oaeoi?ia ia
iacai?ioith iaaiioino?eeoeith niieoe La2-xSrxCuO4 oa YBa2Cu3O6+x.
I?iaaaeaii ii?iaiyeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy ia iiiie?enoaeao aaceoi?aoiiai oa
icio?iiiiai iaaei?iaiaeieea Ba0.66K0.34BiO3. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
oa?iiaeeiaii/ia (iai?ioia) eiiiiiaioa iaaiioino?eeoei? a oeueiio
iaoa?iaei iiaea aei?iaithaaoe cia/aiiyi eiiiiiaioe, iiaeoeiaaii?
iiiiiaii, caaaeyee aenieie /ooeeainoi iaaei?iaiaeieo ia?aiao?ia aei
oeneo. I?iaiaeiciaaii aianee ?iaeeiniicaiaeueii? iaaiioino?eeoei? aiae
ia?aiaaiioieo iiiia i aeiaaaeaii, ui ?? aianie ? iacaeaaeiei aiae
iaaei?iaiaeii? neeaaeiai? i ae?iciy?oueny eaaae?aoe/iith caeaaeiinoth
aiae ciaiioiueiai iaaiioiiai iiey. Oaeei /eiii, iacai?ioia aiaaionueea
iaaiioino?eeoeiy iiaea aooe iienaiith aca?iiaei?th iaiaeii?iaeiinoae
e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee c iaaiioiith no?oeoo?ie o ciioaiiio noaii.

5. Iacai?ioia iaaiioino?eeoeiy o oeiiaie aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy
aaiiao?i? ciaiioiueiai iiey, i?eeeaaeaiiai ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei ieinei?
iiaa?oii iaaei?iaiaeii? ieiueie, caaeiaieueii iieno?oueny
cai?iiiiiaaiith a ?iaioi iiaeaeeth, ui iia’yco? i?oaeii ia?aiao?e c
a?aaei?ioaie iaaiioiiai iioieo, aiaeiiaiaeath/eie iiiiiao, oa i?eionea?
aiaeioe/ia ?ioaiiy. Oea aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaaiioino?eeoeieii
aeii?e aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy cai?ioii? caaea/i ciaoiaeaeaiiy i?inoi?iaiai
?iciiaeieo caeeoeiaiai iaaiioiiai iioieo oa iaoiiaethth/eo eiai
aca?iiaeie. Iaea?aeaii aeey aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaaei?iaiaeieeia
/enaeueii ?ica’ycaiiy ciaoiaeyoueny o caaeiaieueiie aiaeiiaiaeiinoi
?acoeueoaoai iaaiioieo aeii?ia oa i?yieo aeineiaeia iioeo aaoi?ia. Oaeee
iiaeoiae ? ieiaeiei aeey iaea?aeaiiy c iaeiiai aenia?eiaioo iioi?iaoei?
i?i no?oiiai oa iioeiinoii aeanoeainoi iaoa?iaeia aeey iiooaeiino?oiiaeo
iaaiioieo nenoai.

6. Iaiaeii?iaeiinoi e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee, ye oi no?oeoo?a a?aieoeue oa
?o aeanoeainoi nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie ia?a?ea/anoiai ?iciaaeo
ia?ane/aieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiia. Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii ? aiaeiiaiaeiinoue
oaeaeeinoae c?inoo eaiaaeae noai?thth/eony oac oa iia?oth/eo a?aieoeue,
ui caeaaeeoue aiae oaiia?aoo?e noa?iiiy oa ciaiioiio iieia. Ca iaaieo
oiia iia?oth/i a?aieoei caoiieththoue eaiaei, ui aecia/a? oaeaeeinoue
eiii?eiaiai ?iciaaeo.

22

7. Iiia?aaeiy aeaoi?iaoeiy oa noaoe/iee iaeiiai/iee ?icoya (noene), ui
aeithoue aaciina?aaeiuei a i?ioeani noa?iiiy, iiaeooue i?eaiaeeoe ye aei
oiiaieueiaiiy ?iciaaeo (aeie?eoe/ii aeaoi?iaoei?, iai?oae, ui ia
ia?aaeuothoue a?aieoeth oaeo/inoi), oae i aei eiai i?enei?aiiy i?e
aeuiio ?iaii aeaoi?iaoeie (iai?oa). Niinoa?aaeaii aoaeoe iia’ycaii c
aca?iiei aieeaii i?ioeania aeaeieaiiy oa ?ae?enoaeicaoei? (iiia?aaeiy
aeaoi?iaoeiy), eiaa?aioieo aioo?ioiio oa ciaiioiio iai?oa (iiaco/inoue).
Ciaeiciiiia iaaaioaaeaiiy c aiieiooaeith, ui ia?aaeuo? ii?iaiaa
cia/aiiy, ni?ey? i?enei?aiith ye ia?a?ea/anoiai, oae i iaia?a?ea/anoiai
?iciaaeo. Aiae?inoaoe/iee noene niiaieueith? ?iciaae — aieiaiei /eiii ca
?aooiie caieueoaiiyy iieoaaoeieiiai ia?iiaeo noai?aiiy ca?iaeeia oac, ui
aeaeieythoueny i?ioyaii ia?aoai?aiiy.

8. Oa?iioeeeethaaiiy oa iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii iai?oae i?ecaiaeyoue aei
noai?aiiy iaoanoaaieueieo oi?ioaaiue, ui nooo?ai aiaeiaeththoueny i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao, ieae/eo ca eiiiaoio. Na?aaeiie ?icii? cii eiaa?aioiiai
?icniyiiy ciiith?oueny i?ioyaii aiaeiaeaiiy iaiiiioiiii. Niinoa?aaeaii
niaeo? iaoanoaa?eueieo noai?a a ieneaeao i?ae? oa i?ia?th, iia’ycaieo c
iane/aiiyi eeniai i?ioyaii iiia?aaei?o oa?i?/i?o ia?iaie.

9. Aeaeieaiiy noiaaii? aia?ai? aeaoi?iaoei? a oiiaao aiaeiaeaiiy
aeaoi?iiaaieo iaoaeia oa caeeoeiai? aia?ai? i?anoaaiue c iaoaei/ieo
ii?ioeia caaa?oo?oueny a ?icieo oaiia?aoo?ieo iioa?aaeao, — o aeiaaeeo
iaoaeiea?aiie o eiei oaiia?aoo?, aea aaea i?ioiaeeoue cae?aeueia
?ae?enoaeicaoeiy, o aeaoi?iiaaieo iaoaeia — ia aoaiao aiaeia?iao, ui
aiaeiiaiaeathoue cai?ioo oa ia?aeiiie ?ae?enoaeicaoei?. Ii??aiyeueiee
aie?c iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue oa aeae?eaiiy iaaeeeoeiai?
aia?a?? ii?ioe?a oa eeoeo iaoae?a Wo, Mo, Nb oa c?ace?a, ni?aniaaieo c
ii?ioe?a oeeo iaoae?a ??cii? aeenia?niino?. Iii?oiee aianie a inoaiueiio
aeiaaeeo aea? ciaioaiiy noia?ii? iiaa?oiaai? aia?a?? ainaiaeth
ii?ioeiie.

23

INIIAII IOAEIEAOeI? II OAII AeENA?OAOeI?

1. Nechiporenko I.N., Popov V.P., Sirenko V.A. Thermal strain effect in
$YBa_2Cu_3O_6+x$ superconductors //
Phys.Stat.Sol.(b).-1994.-182.-P.183-188.

2. Ne?aiei A.A., Oei/ao A., Iaayeae A. Iaaieoiua O?iyi/oe E.I.,
Nainiiaiei I.A., Nieiauo O.E., oaciaua i?aa?auaiey a A1-xCaxMnO3 (A =
Nd, Bi, Sm, Eu, Tb) // OIO.-1997.- T.23,N10.-C.1074-1077.

3. Eremenko V.V., Sirenko V.A., Szymczak H., Nabia\lek A., Balbashov
M.A. Magnetostriction of thin flat superconductor in a transverse
magnetic field // Superlattices and
Microstructures.-1998.-V.24,N.3.-P.221-226.

4. Sirenko V.A. Magnetostrictive effects in superconductors //
Superlattices and Microstructures.-1998.-V.23,N5.-P.1155-1160.

5. Ne?aiei A.A. Oaieiaia ?anoe?aiea aunieioaiia?aoo?iuo
naa?oi?iaiaeieeia // Naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoue: enneaaeiaaiey e
?ac?aaioee.-1998.-N9-10.-C.52-68.

6. Sirenko V.A. Investigation of low tempearture magnetic state of the
alloys // J.Low.Temp. (Sov).-1991.- V.17,N9.-P.1199-1201.

7. Ne?aiei A.A. I aeeyiee eieaeueiuo ia?anuuaiee ia eeiaoeeo y/aenoiai
?aniaaea // E?eiaaiiiua iaoa?eaeu.- K.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea.-
1991.-C.293-295.

8. Ne?aiei A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea caoaaoa iaaieoiiai iioiea a aeaoi?ie?oaiuo
naa?oi?iaiaeieeao // OIO.- 1984.- 10,N4.- C.207-211.

9. A?aiaiei A.A., Ne?aiei A.A., Oei/ae A., Iaayeae A. Iaaieoino?eeoeey
naa?oi?iaiaeieeia. (Iaci?) // OIO.-1999.-25,N4.-C.311-332.

10. Eremenko V.V., Nechiporenko I.N., Sirenko V.A.Pinning aspect of
magnetostriction effects in superconductors //Physica C.- 1997.-
282-287.- P.1427.

24

11. Nabia\lek A., Szymczak H., Sirenko V.A., D’yachenko A.I.Influence
of the real shape of a sample on the pinning induced magnetostriction
// Journ. of Applied Physics.-1998.-V.84,N7.-P.1-6.

12. A?aiaiei A.A., Ne?aiei A.A., Oei/ae A., Iaayeae A., Aa?eei N.I.,
Aaoaeueneay A.E., Oe?yaa A.E.

Iaaieoino?eeoeey aunieioaiia?aoo?iiai aaneoi?aoiiai
naa?oi?iaiaeieea BaBiKO // OOO.-1998 40, N7. —
C.1199-1203.

13. Caaa?ceia I.E., Ia/eii?aiei E.I., Ne?aiei A.A. Ieceioaiia?aoo?iay
i?enoaaea aeey ?aioaaiianeeo enneaaeiaaiee a iaaieoiii iiea // I?eai?u
e oaoieea yenia?eiaioa.-1995.-N1.-N.211-212.

14. Nechiporenko I.N., Sirenko V.A. Effect of competition between
strain and composition contributions on superconductor properties //
Phys. Stat. Sol.(b).-1994.-184.-P.67-69.

15. Bakharev S.A., Gordeev S.N., Ivanchenko L.I., Popov V.P., Sirenko
V.A. Elastic interaction study during formation of superconducting
phases // Physica C.-1994.-V.235-240.- P.1271-1272.

16. Nechiporenko I.N., Sirenko V.A., Merenkov D.N. Effects of
123-expansion // OOAAe.-1993.-3,N1.-C.123-130.

17. Nechiporenko I.N., Sirenko V.A., Merenkov D.N. Strain effects on
magnetic flux pinning in heterogeneous superconductors//
Cryogenics.-1993.-33,N5.-P.481-485.

18. Ne?aiei A.O., Ne?aiei A.A. ss/aenoue ?aniaae ia?aianuuaiiuo
iaoaeee/aneeo oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia.// Aeaoaeoiay no?oeoo?a e naienoaa
?aaeueiuo oaa?aeuo oae.- O.: Ecae-ai Oa?ueeianeiai ainoieaa?neoaoa,
1990.-N.61-79.

19. Oaeiaaiei A.O., Ne?aiei A.A., Eaaoa Ae.E., Eocueie/aaa E.A.Oaieiaua
yooaeou e no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey i?e ioaeeaa ia?aaiiaaniuo iaoaeee/aneeo
ii?ioeia e eeouo iaoaeeia // Ieceioaiia?aoo?iia
yeaeo?iiaoeiino?iaiea.-K.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea.- 1988.-C.26-32.

25

20. Aieueoooeei Ae.I., Aea?aayi/aiei I.E., Ia/a?neay A.E., Ne?aiei
A.A.Oaieiaia ?anoe?aiea eiioeaio?e?iaaiiuo FeCrNi nieaaia //t
OII.-1987.-64,N5.-C.1029-1031.

21. Aeioeaiei A.E., Ne?aiei A.A. I?iyaeaiea e?eoe/aneiai ninoiyiey a
yooaeoa ?acoi?i/iaiey aeanoeeo naa?oi?iaiaeieeia aoi?iai ?iaea. //
OIO.-1983.- 9,N5.-C.539-542.

22. Ne?aiei A.A. Aeeyiea aeaoi?iaoeeiiiuo iai?yaeaiee ia e?eoe/aneea
oiee a naa?oi?iaiaeieeao // Iaci?u ii «aunieioaiia?aoo?iie
naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoe».- ecae. IOeIOE.-1992.-II-AONI-30.-71 n.

23. Ne?aiei A.A. Oaieiaia ?anoe?aiea aunieioaiia?aoo?iuo
naa?oi?iaiaeieeia // Iaci?u ii «aunieioaiia?aoo?iie
naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoe».- Ecae. IOeIOE.-1992.- II-AONI-31.- 32 n.

24. Ne?aiei A.A. Oa?ie/aneea iai?yaeaiey a iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo nenoaiao
i?e ieceeo oaiia?aoo?ao.-Oa?ueeia:1991.-44 c.(I?ai?./ OOEIO;16-91).

25. Ne?aiei A.A. Aeeyiea aeaoi?iaoeee ia e?eoe/aneea oiee a
naa?oi?iaiaeieeao.- Oa?ueeia: 1986.- 25 c. (I?ai?./ OOEIO; 5-86).

26. Ne?aiei A.A. Aeaoi?iaoeeiiiua caaeneiinoe inoaoi/iie
iaiaaie/aiiinoe naa?oi?iaiaeyueo nieaaia // Iaoa?. III Ananithci.nai.
«Iaoaeeioeceea naa?oi?iaiaeieeia». — Eeaa. — 1986. — C.211-212.

27. Ne?aiei A.A. Eeiaoeea no?oeoo?iuo eciaiaiee i?e ioaeeaa ii?ioeia e
eeouo iaoaeeia //Iaoa?. naieia?a «Eeiaoeea e oa?iiaeeiaieea ieanoe/aneie
aeaoi?iaoeee».- Aa?iaoe. — 1988. — C.81.

28. Ne?aiei A.A. Aeeyiea oa?iioeeeee?iaaiey ia i?i/iinoiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee noaeeiaieieieoa // A iao.XII Ananithci. eiio.ii oeceea
i?i/iinoe e ieanoe/iinoe. — Eoeauoaa. — 1989. — C.32.

29. Sirenko V.A. Strain effect on magnetic flux pinning in
superconductors // In the mat. of the IV Soviet-German seminar on HTS. —
St. Pet.- 6-13 Oct., 1991. — P.212-214.

26

30. Ne?aiei A.A. Aeeyiea oa?ie/aneeo iai?yaeaiee ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
eiiiiceoia i?e ieceeo oaiia?aoo?ao // A iao. iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai naieia?a
«Yaiethoeey aeaoi?iaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo?. — Aa?iaoe. — 1992. — C.176.

31. Sirenko V.A. Magnetostrictive effects in superconductors // Proc.
of the World Congress on Superconductivity. — Eger, Hungary. — July
1996. — P.81-89.

27

Ni?aiei A.A. Ainoa?acenii oa iaaiioino?eeoeieii yaeua a aaoa?iaaiieo
nenoaiao i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a
oiceei—iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 01.04.07—oiceea oaa?aeiai
oiea. —Oiceei-oaoii/iee iinoeooo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? ii.A.I.A??eiia
IAIO, 1999, Oa?eia, Oe?a?ia.

A aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi aeineiaeaeo?oueny aieea aaoa?iaaiiinoi
aii?yaeeiaaieo oaa?aeioieueieo no?oeoo? ia ?o iaaiioii oa i?oaeii
aeanoeainoi a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? oace oa ??
?oeioaaiiy iaaiioiei iieai c iaoith aeyaeaiiy aca?iica’yceia i?ioeania
aii?yaeeoaaiiy o e?enoaei/iie, aeaeo?iiiie oa iaaiioiie iiaenenoaiao,
iiaeeeainoae ?o niieueiiai aiaeico oa noai?aiiy oice/ieo ia?aaeoiia
i?iaiicoaaiiy iia?aoeieieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?iiaaiieo i?eeaaeia ia ?o
iniiai. O ?iaioi niinoa?aaeaii i aeaoaeueii aeineiaeaeaii ?icii?ii
aoaeoe i?e niiioaieo iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiiyo,
iaaiioino?eeoeieii yaeua i?e ia?aoai?aiiyo, iiaeoeiaaieo iaaiioiei
iieai, ye oi aiaaionueeo iaiai?ioio iaaiioino?eeoeith a oa?enoeo
niieoeao c aiaaionueeei iaaiioiiii?ii oa aenieioaiia?aoo?iith
iaaei?iaiaeiinoth, a oaeiae aiaeiiaiaeio caeeoeiao iaaiioio iiaeoeoeith
o c?aceo. Aeaeieaii aianee eiiiiceoeieieo, aeaoi?iaoeieieo aoaeoia oa
aca?iiaei? iaaiioii? no?oeoo?e c iaiaeii?iaeiinoyie e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee
a niinoa?aaeaii yaeua. Aianeiaeie aiaeico iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia
cai?iiiiiaaii i aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aai?aii iiaeaei
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy a niieoeao c iaiaeii?iaeiei
?iciiaeieii oi/eiaeo aeaoaeoia oa iaaiioino?eeoei? iaaei?iaiaeieeia.

Eeth/iai neiaa: iecueeiaeii?ii e?enoaee, aeaoaeoe e?enoaei/ii? a?aoee,
iaiai?ioia iaaiioino?eeoeiy, iiiiia, neeueii ei?aeueiaaii nenoaie,
iaaei?iaiaeieee, ieneaee iiaei oa ia?aaioeth, iaaiioino?eeoeieii aeii?e,
aiaeioe/ia ?ioaiiy.

Ce?aiei A.A. Aenoa?aceniua e iaaieoino?eeoeeiiiua yooaeou a aaoa?iaaiiuo
nenoaiao i?e ieceeo oaiia?aoo?ao.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.07—oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea. —
Oeceei-oaoie/aneee einoeooo ieceeo oaiia?aoo? ei.A.E.Aa?eeia IAIO, 1999,
Oa?ueeia, Oe?aeia.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa enneaaeoaony aeeyiea aaoa?iaaiiinoe

28

oii?yaei/aiiuo oaa?aeioaeueiuo no?oeoo? ia eo iaaieoiua e oi?oaea
oa?aeoa?enoeee a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey ieceioaiia?aoo?iie oacu e aa
?ac?ooaiey iaaieoiui iieai n oeaeueth onoaiiaeaiey acaeiinayce iaaeaeo
i?ioeannaie oii?yaei/aiey a e?enoaeee/aneie, yeaeo?iiiie e iaaieoiie
iiaenenoaiao, aiciiaeiinoae eo iauaai aiaeeca e nicaeaiey oece/aneeo
i?aaeiinueie oi?ie?iaaiey o?aaoaiuo yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
e?eiaaiiuo i?eai?ia ia eo iniiaa. A i?ioeanna auiieiaiey ?aaiou aue
nicaeai eiiiuethoa?eciaaiiue yenia?eiaioaeueiue eiiieaen aeey
iaeiia?aiaiiiai ecia?aiey iaaieoiuo e ?acia?iuo oa?aeoa?enoee a oneiaeyo
oa?iioeeeee?iaaiey, no?oeoo?iuo enneaaeiaaiee i?e ieceeo oaiia?aoo?ao,
io?aaioaiu oaoiieiaee iieo/aiey ia?acoeia n ii?aaeaeaiiie
aaoa?iaaiiinoueth e?enoaeee/aneie ?aoaoee, a /anoiinoe, neienoinoueth,
iaoneiaeaiiie i?ioeannaie i?a?uaenoiai y/aenoiai ?aniaaea ia?anuuaiiuo
oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia ai aiaoieo iieyo. A ?aaioa iaia?oaeaiu e aeaoaeueii
enneaaeiaaiu yooaeou i?e niiioaiiuo ieceioaiia?aoo?iuo i?aa?auaieyo,
eiaeooee?iaaiiuo iaaieoiui iieai, a eiaiii aeaaioneay iaia?aoeiay
iaaieoino?eeoeey a neienouo niaaeeiaieyo n aeaaioneei
iaaiaoinii?ioeaeaieai e aunieioaiia?aoo?iie naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoueth, a
oaeaea niioaaonoaothuay inoaoi/iay iaaieoiay eiaeoeoeey a ia?acoea.
Auaeaeaiu aeeaaeu a iaaethaeaaiua yaeaiey io eiiiiceoeeiiiuo e
aeaoi?iaoeeiiiuo yooaeoia, a oaeaea acaeiiaeaenoaee iaaieoiie no?oeoo?u
n iaiaeii?iaeiinoyie e?enoaeee/aneie ?aoaoee. Iiaeaaeythuaa /enei
?acoeueoaoia iieo/aii aia?aua. Eaeaioeoeoee?iaaiu no?oeoo?iua o?aaiaiou,
ioaaonoaaiiua ca aiiiaeee oaiia?aoo?iuo aeaoi?iaoeee a niaaeeiaieyo
aunieioaiia?aoo?iuo naa?oi?iaiaeieeia n ?acee/iui eiiiiceoeeiiiui e
oaciaui ninoaaii. — I?iaeaiiino?e?iaaia eiieo?aioeey eiiiiceoeeiiiiai e
aeaoi?iaoeeiiiiai aeeaaeia a aiiiaeee oaiia?aoo?iuo aeaoi?iaoeee i?e
naa?oi?iai-

29

aeyuai ia?aoiaea. A ?acoeueoaoa n?aaieoaeueiiai no?oeoo?iiai aiaeeca
ii?ioeia e eeouo iaoaeeia iaeiiai ninoaaa auaeaeaiu no?oeoo?iua
eneaaeaiey, naycaiiua n ieceioaiia?aoo?iuie iee?iaeaoi?iaoeeyie.
Enneaaeiaaiea ?iee aiiiaeueiuo oi/a/iuo aeaoaeoia a oi?ie?iaaiee
ieceioaiia?aoo?iuo aiiiaeee, naycaiiuo n i?ioeannaie oii?yaei/aiey,
iieacaei aiciiaeiinoue iiaeaaeaiey ieceioaiia?aoo?iuo ia?aoiaeia iiae
aicaeaenoaeai oi?oaeo aeaoi?iaoeee, naycaiiuo n nenoaiie oi/a/iuo
aeaoaeoia. I?iaaaeai iaiauaiiue aiaeec aeeyiey oa?ie/aneeo iai?yaeaiee a
neienouo nenoaiao ia ?yae iia?aoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee e?eiaaiiuo
neienouo nenoai. — I?iaeaiiino?e?iaaii i?iyaeaiea e?eoe/aneiai ninoiyiey
iaia?aoeiuo naa?oi?iaiaeieeia a aeaoi?iaoeeiiii-no?eeoeeiiiuo
yenia?eiaioao. Enneaaeiaaia i?e?iaea aeaaioneie iaaieoino?eeoeee
naa?oi?iaiaeieeia e i?aaeeiaeaia aaeaeaaoiay iiaeaeue aeey aa iienaiey.
I?aaeeiaeaii aaeaeaaoiia iienaiea neiaeii-iai?yaeaiiiai ninoiyiey
naa?oi?iaiaeieea i?iecaieueiie aaiiao?ee, iaoneiaeaiiiai
iaaieoino?eeoeeae. I?aaeeiaeai e ai?iae?iaai iaoiae
iaaieoino?eeoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey niaoaiiiai

ninoiyiey naa?oi?iaiaeieeia II ?iaea. ?acoeueoaou iaoiaeyony a oi?ioai
niaeanee n aeaiiuie iaaieoiuo ecia?aiee e ia?aaioee ii i?eaeiaeueiie
iaoiaeeea ecia?aaeaiee ?ani?aaeaeaiey iaaieoiiai iioiea. Ia iniiaa
aiaeeca aeeyiey iaiaeii?iaeiinoae no?oeoo?u ia iaaieoino?eeoeeiiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee auaeaeaiu iiaeaeaeiua no?oeoo?iua o?aaiaiou,
ioaaonoaaiiua ca aeaaioneea no?eeoeeiiiua aeaoi?iaoeee. Iaia?oaeaiu e
enneaaeiaaiu caeiiiia?iinoe iiaaaeaiey aeaaioneie iaaieoino?eeoeee a
iaiaaieoao a iaeanoe ieceioaiia?aoo?iiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaea, noiaeiua n
oa?aeoa?iuie aeey eoi?aoia iniaaiiinoyie. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca iieo/aiiuo
?acoeueoaoia i?aaeeiaeaiu e yenia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?aiu iiaeaee
ieceioaiia?aoo?iiai oii?yaei/aiey a niaaeeiaieyo n iaiaeii?iaeiui
?ani?aaeaeaieai oi/a/iuo aeaoaeoia e iaaieoino?eeoeee naa?oi?iaiaeieeia.
?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee eniieueciaaiu i?e nicaeaiee iaaieoiuo nenoai
ia?aeeth/aoaey e naia?aoi?a iaaieoiuo i?eianae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iecei?acia?iua e?enoaeeu, aeaoaeou e?enoaeee/aneie
?aoaoee, iaia?aoeiay iaaieoino?eeoeey, ieiieia, neeueiiei??aee?iaaiiua
nenoaiu, naa?oi?iaiaeieee, ieneaeu iaaee e ia?aaioea,
iaaieoino?eeoeeiiiua ecia?aiey, aiaeeoe/aneia ?aoaiea.

30

Valentina A.Sirenko. Hysteresis and magnetostriction in heterogeneous
systems at low temperatures.-

Manuscript

Thesis is to achieve the degree of Doctor of Science in physics and
mathematics on the speciality 01.04.07 — solid state physics.
B.I.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics NAS of Ukraine.
Kharkov. Ukraine. 1999.

Effect of heterogeneities of the ordered solids’ structures on their
magnetic and elastic properties during formation of low temperature
phase and its destruction by a magnetic field is investigated in order
to elucidate the interplay of the ordering processes in crystal lattice,
electron and magnetic subsystems, possibilities of their common analysis
and a creation of physical basis for prediction of the performances of
the cryogenic devices on their basis. During fulfillment of the project
the computerized experimental set was created for simultaneous
measurements of the magnetic and size characteristics under
thermocycling conditions, for structural investigations at low
temperatures; technologies for preparation of the samples with the
specified lattice heterogeneity, particularly multilayerty, determined
by cellular decomposition of the supersaturated solid solutions in the
external field were worked out. In the work the size effects were
observed and studied in detail at the spontaneous low temperature
transitions, as well as magnetostriction effects at the field induced
transitions, i.e. giant irreversible magnetostriction in the layered
compounds with giant magnetoresistance and high temperature
superconductivity, and also re\-ma\-nent magnetic induction in the
sample. The contributions of composition, strain effects and those of
magnetic structure interactions with the lattice defects into the
observed phenomena were distinguished. The analysis of the obtained
results allowed to propose the model description of the low temperature
ordering processes in the compounds with heterogeneous distribution of
the point defects, and of magnetostriction in superconductors.

Key words: low dimensional crystals, lattice inhomogeneities,
irreversible magnetostriction, pinning, strongly correlated systems,
superconductors, copper and manganese oxides, magnetostriction
measurements, analytical solution .

Aiaeiiaiaeaeueiee ca aeione e.o.-i.i. Aaciinia A.A.

Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo «17» «08» «1999p.» Caiiaeaiiy N32-99.Oi?iao

60×84/16. Ae?oe ionaoiee. Oi. ae?. a?e. 2.0 Oe?aae 100 i?.

OOIIO ii.A.I.A??eiia IAI Oe?a?ie,310164, Oa?eia, i?.Eaiiia, 47.

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