AEAAeAI?ss IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IAAeEOeEIE I?AOe?

I?EE?IEI AAEAIOEIA AIOII?AIA

OAeE 614.1/2 616.0.84:614.876

A?A??I?*I? OA NIOe?AEUeI? OAEOI?E OI?IOAAIIss CAeI?IA`ss

I?AOeACAeAOIIAI IANAEAIIss O A?AeAeAEAIEE IA??IAe AAA???

IA *AAN

14.02.01 — a?a??ia

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ai?aeai?ieia?? oa i?io?eaeoeee i?iiaiaaeo

o?aaeaiue Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,

aeaaeai?e AII Oe?a?ie

?iiaiaiei Aiaoie?e THoeiiae/,

Aee?aeoi? IOe?I AII Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aeia Aaneeue Aaa?eeiae/, aee?aeoi?

Iaoeiaiai eaai?aoi?iiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith

i?iiaaeaaoeee a?a??ie, a?enueeiai? oa ?aae?aoe?eii? a?a??ie,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee

iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I. Aiaiiieueoey;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ea?oeo Aiaoie?e Iao?iae/, canooiiee

i?i?no?a, I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia`y Oe?a?ie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, no.i.n. *a?ithe Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, canooiiee

aee?aeoi?a ii iaooe?, ?inoeooo iaaeeoeeie i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie;

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio? IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??y ?aae?aoe?eii? a?a??ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 10 aiae.____oa. ia

can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.554.01 a ?inoeooo?
iaaeeoeeie

i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie ( 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe.Naenaaainueeiai, 75)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo iaaeeoeeie

i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie (252033, Ee?a-33, aoe.Naenaaainueeiai, 75).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21 “ aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, e.i.i.
A.?. Eiaaeueiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/iee eiiieaen ai?iaaaeaeaieo
caoenieo caoiae?a, cie?aia a?a??i?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo, ia ?aae?aoe?eii
caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo Oe?a?ie noai caei?ia`y iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy
c ?ieaie iia??oo?oueny. Aea/aiith aieeao iaeeo aeic ii?ii?iaiiy ia
i?aai?ci, ye iane?aeie aaa???, i?enay/aii aaaaoi aeine?aeaeaiue, i?ioa
eiie?aoii? caeaaeiino? i?ae aeicaie ii?ii?iaiiy oa caoai?thaai?noth
ianaeaiiy, yea iaoea? a ciiao iaia`yceiaiai, aa?aioiaaiiai a?aenaeaiiy
oa iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ia anoaiiaeaii. Ie?ai? ?iaioe
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo (A.I.Oa?aioe, 1993; A.I.Iaai?ia, 1996;
A.TH.?iiaiaiei, 1991, 1993; A.I.A?oaiaaeuenueea, 1993; E.A.Aa??aa, 1993,
1995; A.O.Oeea, 1993; P.Allen, 1993, 1996; J.M.Havenaar, 1996;
B.-M.Drottz-Sjoberg, G.Rumyantseva, 1993) cana?ae/othoue cia/aiiy aeey
oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia`y iino?aaeaeaeeo ia?aae?aoe?eieo oaeoi??a, cie?aia
oeo, ui iaoiiaeai? iane?aeeaie aaa???. Aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?ieia?a oa
ineoieia?a (TH.?.Na?iei, 1996; N.?.sseiaaiei, 1996; A.A.Iaiie, 1997,
1998) c ieoaiue nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe aeacothoue ia cia/io ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? naiiii/oooy oa
caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy. Aea oe? aeai? caeeoathoueny o?aaiaioa?ieie.
Ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?i eiiieaenio ae?th oaeoi??a,
iaoiiaeaieo iane?aeeaie aaa??? ia *AAN, ia caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy,
iaaeinoaoi?. Oea oneeaaeith? ia o?eueee ioe?ieo ? i?iaiicoaaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? ianaeaiiy, yea iino?aaeaeaei a?ae aaa??? ia *AAN, aea e
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy oeeo aeaieo i?aaiaie aea?aeaaiiai oa
i?noeaaiai oi?aae?iiy o ni?aa? iioei?caoe?? no?aoaa?? iiaeieaiiy
iane?aee?a aaa???, a oaeiae ?aoe?iiaeueia ieaioaaiiy oa i?aai?caoe?th
a?a??i?/ieo oa ineoi?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a. I?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaei
caeeoa?oueny c`ynoaaiiy i?noey a?a??i?/ieo oaeoi??a c ?o o?ce/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie o oi?ioaaii? caei?ia`y iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy ? ?ie?
nioe?aeueieo oa ineoiaaiieo oaeoi??a o oi?ioaaii? aaeaioiaaiino?
inoaiiueiai aei iiaiai na?aaeiaeua ia oa?eoi??yo 2, 3 ? 4 cii
?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa ia oiiaii “/enoeo” oa?eoi??yo
ia?anaeaiiai ianaeaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia eiia?iiaaii? ae?? a?a??i?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo
oaeoi??a, iaoiiaeaieo iane?aeeaie aaa??? iio?aao? iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy c iaoith iaia`yceiaiai a?aooaaiiy oeeo iaoeiaeo aeaieo i?e
?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a ye uiaei iiaeieaiiy iane?aee?a aaa???, oae ? i?e
?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaaoeaieo iaaeeei-nioe?aeueieo oa
ineoieia?/ieo iane?aee?a a oiiaao iiaeeeaeo oaoiiaaiieo oa aeieia?/ieo
eaoano?io.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ?
o?aaiaioii eiiieaenieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ye? aeeiioaaeeny
ca?aeii ieaio IAe? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie (? Ae?
01.90.0002663; 0193U032349; 0196U010101; 0194U030288, 0197U003398),
o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? oaie ?inoeoooo nioe?ieia?? IAI “Aeeiai?ea
nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a: nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee iii?oi?eia iane?aee?a
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe” (N Ae? 0196U012917).

Iaoa ?iaioe. Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea nenoaie i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy
ca oiia oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io ?aae?aoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o ia
iniia? aea/aiiy a?a??i?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a, iaoiiaeaieo
iane?aeeaie aaa??? ia *AAN.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aecia/eoe cia/ei?noue nioe?aeueieo oa ineoiaaiieo oaeoi??a ia oe?
ae?? ?aae?aoe?eiiai /eiieea, a aeeiai?oe? i?neyaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo
(1986-1997 ?iee), o oi?ioaaii? iaaee/ieo iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN.

2. Ioe?ieoe ye?noue ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy, oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue
oa iaoai?cie ?o ?aae?caoe?? i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeiciiaiaaeoth/eo,
nioe?aeueieo, iaaee/ieo caoiae?a a ?aii?e, na?aaei?e oa i?ci?e oacao
aaa???.

3. C`ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueiiai oa o?ce/iiai naiiii/oooy,
ineo?/iiai noaio ??cieo a?oi i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, ui i?iaeeaathoue
a ciiao aacoiiaiiai (iaia`yceiaiai), aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai
a?aenaeaiiy, iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth oa ia?anaeaieo a
“/eno?” ?aa?iie.

4. Aeine?aeeoe ia a?oio? ia`?eoeaieo iieaciee?a ?aae?aoe?eii? neooaoe??
noa`?eoeaia ni?eeiyooy neooaoe?? i?aoeacaeaoiei ianaeaiiyi ca i?noeai
i?iaeeaaiiy oa c`ynoaaoe aieea inoaiiueiai ia i???ioaoe??, i?a?aoe?ei?
onoaiiaee, iiaaae?ieo ianaeaiiy oa ??aaiue nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii?
iai?oae.

5. Ioe?ieoe ??aaiue oa aeeiai?eo caoai?thaaiino? i?aoeacaeaoiiai
ianaeaiiy, yea iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaia ineoiaaiieie /eiieeaie, ia
?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo oa aecia/eoe iayai?noue
i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo ca`yce?a i?ae caoai?thaai?noth oa ae??th /eiiee?a
aaa???.

6. ?ic?iaeoe a?a??i?/i? oa nioe?aeuei? i?aeoiaee i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a ii caa?aaeaiith caei?ia`y i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy ye nenoaio
ia aeiaaeie iiaeeeaeo oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io ?aae?aoe?eiiai
oa?aeoa?o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a:

— ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeieia?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy
a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy ia aeiaaeie ?aae?aoe?eieo aaa??e oa
oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io;

— cae?eniaii? ii??aiyeueii? ioe?iee nioe?aeueiiai, o?ce/iiai naiiii/oooy
oa ineo?/iiai caei?ia`y a?oi ianaeaiiy, cie?aia i?ioan?eieo, ui
iaoeathoue ia oa?eoi??yo c ??ciei ??aiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ?
ia?anaeaieo a “/eno?” ?aa?iie;

— anoaiiaeaii? ca`yce?a i?ae ??aiai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae
ianaeaiiy, ui iaoea? a ??cieo ciiao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, oa
caeaoi?noth aaeaiooaaoeny aei noi?iiaaiiai o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae aaa???
nioe?iaeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua c a?aooaaiiyi i?ioan?eii? iaeaaeiino?
ie?aieo a?oi ianaeaiiy;

— aecia/aii? ?ie? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy, yeino?, ooieoe?e oa
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue o oi?ioaaii?
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae oa caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy;

— anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iino? aieeao eiiieaeno a?a??i?/ieo oa
nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a, iaoiiaeaieo iane?aeeaie aaa??? ia *AAN, ia
oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii?, o?ce/ii? ? ineo?/ii? eiiiiiaio caei?ia`y
iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy;

— iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaioe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy caoai?thaaiino?
iino?aaeaeaeiai i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, iaoiiaeaii? ae??th
a?a??i?/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a aaa???;

— oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa ?ic?iaoe? i?io?eaeoe/ieo oaoiieia?e,
iai?aaeaieo ia i?i?i?caoe?th nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a
iiaeeeaeo oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo aaa??e, cie?aia iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia
nenoaie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy, iiaeae?-noaie ? e?eoa???a
aoaeoeaiino? ?ioi?ioaaiiy ianaeaiiy, i?iiiceoe?e aei eiiieaeno
caeiiiaeaa/eo iaaeeei-nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a c iaoith ?o iioei?caoe?? a
nioe?aeueieo oiiaao, ui ci?iththoueny.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/i?
oa iaoiaee/i? iniiae, ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeei?enoai?
i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iiiceoe?e aei “Eiioeaioe?? nioe?ieia?/iiai ?a?no?o in?a”
? a?aoiaai? IIC Oe?a?ie i?e aianaii? ci?i oa aeiiiaiaiue aei Caeiio
Oe?a?ie “I?i nioe?aeueiee noaoon oa nioe?aeueiee caoeno a?iiaaeyi, ye?
iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe” (noaooy 16);
aeei?enoai? IIN Oe?a?ie i?e i?aeaioiaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiia?ae?
Oe?a?ie ia nan?th IAAAOA “Aeanyoue ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN“ 1996 ??e, ?icae?e 5, i?ae?icae?e 5.16 — 5.22 ?
?ic?iaoe? i?iiiceoe?e aei i?iaeoo “Eiioeaioe?? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo
a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie o ca`yceo c *i?iiaeeuenueeith eaoano?ioith” (1995
??e); aoee i?eeiyo? aei canoinoaaiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiith Eii?n??th c
?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie i?e i?aeaioiaoe? i?iiiceoe?e
Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie c i?iaeaie ia?anaeaiiy ianaeaiiy c ciie
aacoiiaiiai a?aenaeaiiy (1998 ??e). Iaoa??aee aeei?enoai? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a: “Eco/aiea
nioeeaeueii-aeaeaie/aneeo aniaeoia caei?iauey ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai
ia oa??eoi?eyo, caa?yciaiiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie: Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee,
1991”; “I?iiaaaiaea ?aaeeaoeeiiii-aeaeaie/aneeo ciaiee a nenoaia
ia?ae/iie iaaeeei-naieoa?iie iiiiue ianaeaieth: Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee,
1991”; “?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy ciaiiyie c
ieoaiue ?aae?aoe?eii? a?a??ie: Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, 1996”; “I?iaeaie
ia?anaeaiiy aeeoae?a c oa?eoi??e, ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo aiane?aeie
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe, oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy: ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
1997”; “Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau oi?ie?iaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iiey e?oiiuo
oaoiiaaiii-yeieiae/aneeo eaoano?io: Iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea, 1998”;
“Nenoaia iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneiai iiieoi?eiaa ie?oaeathuae e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu, iniiaaiiay ia ioeaiea ea/anoaa aaeaioaoeee e
iae /aeiaaea”, 1997, “Iniaeeaino? iaaeeei-nai?oa?iiai caaacia/aiiy in?a,
ui ia?anaeythoueny ?c cii ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy”, 1997,
“Iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e ?aaeeaoeeiiii-aeaeaie/aneiio ainieoaieth
oeieueieeia”, 1998- ?ioi?iaoe?ei? eenoe. Iaoiaee/i? aeieoiaioe
ai?iaaaeaeai? a Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio oeaio?? aeno?aiii?
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oa iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io IIC Oe?a?ie oa a
Ai?iaeyinueeiio Oeaio?? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??
ianaeaiiy (Oeaio? THIANEI).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?ic?iaeo iniiaieo iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue.

Iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeieia?y nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy
nioe?aeueii?, ineo?/ii? oa o?ce/ii? eiiiiiaio caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy i?e
aea/aii? iaaee/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iane?aee?a
oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iniiai?
caeiiii??iino? aeeiai?ee oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia`y iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy
o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae aaa???, i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
nioe?aeueiiai, o?ce/iiai naiiii/oooy oa ineo?/iiai noaio ??cieo a?oi
ianaeaiiy, cie?aia i?ioan?eieo, ui iaoeathoue a ciiao iaia`yceiaiai,
aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth oa
oiiaii “/enoiio” ?aa?ii?. Aecia/ai? i?noea oa ?ieue nioe?aeueieo
oaeoi??a o oi?ioaaii? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae oa caei?ia`y
iino?aaeaeaeiai i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy a aino?ee oa a?aeaeaeaiee
ia??iaee. I?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? ianaeaiiy
ciie aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy oa ianaeaiiy oiiaii “/enoeo” oa?eoi??e
iicieia?/ieie oi?iaie, ui iiaeooue aooe iaoiiaeai? ineoiaaiieie
oaeoi?aie. Iaa?oioiaai? oa ?ic?iaeai? aeniiaee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ye aieiaia /anoeia iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo iniia oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiey ia
aeiaaeie oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io aeeiiaii ni?eueii c i?ioani?ii
A.?. Oaa?aiei, iniaenoee aianie neeaaea? 70 %. Aiae?c oei?a aaeaioeaieo
?aaeoe?e ca aeaieie eaeeia?aie a ??cieo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao aeeiiaii
ni?eueii c e.i.i. A.A.Noaaeeith, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a neeaaea? 75
%.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo ca eiinoeueoaoeaio aeiiiiiao a i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe aeaaeai?eo AII A.TH.?iiaiaieo, i?ioani?o A.?.Oaa?aieo,
aeieoi?o oaoi?/ieo iaoe I.I. Ia?aaici?eiao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
ii?eethaeiaii ia: ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
”Noai caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy Ia?iaeeoeueeiai ?aeiio, a oaeiae ?ioeo
eiio?ieueiaaieo ca ?aae?aoe?eiei oaeoi?ii ?aeii?a O?N?” (Ee?a, 1990);
Ia?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaeeue o
caniaao ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??” (Ee?a, 1991); Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ”Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie e?ea?aeaoe??
iaaee/ieo iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN” (Ee?a, 1992); Iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
e?a?i ni?aae?oaeiino? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?
oa ineoiiaa?ieia?/i? aniaeoe iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN” (Ee?a, 1992);
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ”?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo ca?aeii aea?aeaai?e i?ia?ai? c e?ea?aeaoe?? o
?anioae?oe? A?ea?onue iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe ia *AAN” (Aiiaeue, 1992);
Iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth ”I?iaeaie ?aae?aoe?eii?
ai?aeai?ieia?? iaaee/ieo iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN” (Ee?a, 1993);
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ”Aeooaeuei? oa i?iaiiciaai? ii?ooaiiy
ineo?/iiai caei?ia`y i?ney yaea?ii? eaoano?ioe a *i?iiaee?” (Ee?a,
1995); Ia?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? E?a?i ?a?iiaenueei?
Ni?aae?oaeiino?, A?ea?on?, ?in?? oa Oe?a?ie (I?inuee, 1996); 2-e
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ”A?aeaeaeai? iaaee/i? iane?aeee
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe” (Ee?a, 1998); Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoea. *i?iiaeeue, 98” (Ee?a, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a iiiia?ao??, a 3
iiiia?ao?/ieo aeaeaiiyo oa iin?aieeo. Iioae?eiaaii 25 noaoae, c ieo 6 —
a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 17- a ca??ieeao, 2 – aeaiiiiaaii, iioae?eiaaii 11
iaoa??ae?a oa 15 oac iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, i?ia?aie aeine?aeaeaiiy, oanoe ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeaeae ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeeaaeaia ia 343 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno ? i?noeoue 71 oaaeeoeth ? 35
?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 341 iaeiaioaaiiy, c ieo
241 — ia oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao, 84 — ia aiae?enuee?e iia?.

Ci?no ?iaioe

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaa?oioiaai? caieoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiaaaee ?ic?iaee niaoe?aeueii? i?ia?aie oa iaoiaeieia?? aea/aiiy
a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia`y (?en.1), ui aeeeaaeaii a ae?oaiio ?icae?e?
aeena?oaoe??. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaa eiiieaen, ui aeeth/aa:
nenoaio caoiae?a (a?a??i?/i? oa nioe?aeuei?) oa ?o i?aai?caoe?ei?
aniaeoe i?e e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa???; iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiey; nioe?ieia?/i? aniaeoe — a?iiaaenueea aeoiea oa
aenia?oi? ioe?iee oao?aoe?a c ieoaiue ioe?iee caoiae?a (a?a??i?/ieo oa
nioe?aeueieo), nioe?aeuei? iciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa oiiae i?aoe?
a?oi ianaeaiiy; caoai?thaai?noue, ui iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaia ineoiaaiieie
oaeoi?aie; nioe?aeuei?, o?ce/i? ? ineo?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee caei?ia`y
ianaeaiiy (?en.2).

Ia`?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee: i?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiy ciie
iaia’yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy (2 ciia), ciie aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai
a?aenaeaiiy (3 ciia), ciie iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth (4
ciia),

ui i?iaeeaa? ia oa?eoi??? AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano? (Ia?ooeueeee,
Ia?iaeeoeueeee, Ie?anueeee ?aeiie); i?ioan?ei? a?oie: e?nieee,
iaoai?caoi?e, aiae??, niaoe?ae?noe n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, iaaee/i?
i?aoe?aieee, ae?iaeeueieee; i?aoeacaeaoia ia?anaeaia ianaeaiiy, ui
i?iaeeaa? ia oa?eoi??? AEeoiie?nueei?, E??iaia?aaenueei? oa Ee?anueei?
iaeanoae (A?onee?anueeee, Ieaenaiae??anueeee, Aa?aee/?anueeee,
Aa?eoaanueeee ?aeiie); i?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiy oiiaii “/enoeo” oa?eoi??e
Iieoaanueei? iaeano? (Ie?yoeinueeee oa Iieoaanueeee ?aeiie); aeice
ii?ii?iaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy, ui iaoeathoue a ie?aieo ianaeaieo
ioieoao 2, 3 oa 4 cii ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy; ioae?eaoe??
a?o/eciyii? i?ane c /i?iiaeeuenueei? i?iaeaiaoeee o aeeiai?oe? ca
1986-1997 ??., aeaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa ?io? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iaoa??aee
?ic?iaeai? IAe? IIC Oe?a?ie a 1986-1993 ?ieao aeey iino?aaeaeaeiai
ianaeaiiy, iaaeeei-noaoenoe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y; caeiiiaeaa/? oa
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeieoiaioe.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— a?a??i?/i? oa nioe?aeueii-a?a??i?/i?: aei??e aeic ii?ii?iaiiy,
iaaeeei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? ianaeaiiy, iaoiae
naiiioe?iee noaio caei?ia`y, aenia?oia ioe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaieo caoenieo
caoiae?a;

— ineoiae?aaiinoe/i?: oano “NAI”, oeaea naiiioe?iee (*.Ae.Ni?eaa?aa?a,
TH.E.Oai?ia), oeaea aeey aei??o oaoaeueiino?, oano “Iieooaaeueiee
caaaeueiiai caei?ia`y GHQ – 28” (Goldberg, 1986);

— nioe?ieia?/i?: noaiaea?oeciaaia iieooaaiiy, eaae?iao?e/iee,
naiaioe/iee oa eiioaio-aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeieoiaio?a, ?ioaa?aeueiee
?iaeaen nioe?aeueiiai naiiii/oooy (?.?.Aieiaaoa, I.A.Iai?ia, 1996);
aiae?c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaio?a;

— iaoaiaoe/i? c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeao?a i?ia?ai “INA”, SPSS, EXNEL
(ii??aiyiiy ocaaaeueiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee iciae: a?aeiini? aaee/eie,
na?aaei?; aeinoia??i?noue ia?ieo a?aei?iiinoae ca e?eoa???i No’thaeaioa
(t); aeya aca?iiae?? oaeoi??a i?ae niaith c aeiiiiiaith ia?ii?
ei?aeyoe?? (r), eiao?oe??io?a aca?iii? “ni?yaeaiino?” E.I??niia oa
A.*oi?iaa.

Aea??eia? noeoiiino? ?ic?aoiaoaaeeny a aeeiai?oe? aeine?aeaeaiue aei
1991 ?ieo, aeoiaey/e c aaia?aeueii? noeoiiino? ianaeaiiy, ui iaoeaei a
cii? aei?noeiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai eiio?ieth, i?ney 1991?. — aeoiaey/e c
caaaeueii? /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy a eiaei?e ie?ai?e cii?: ciia
iaia’yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy, ciia aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai
a?aenaeaiiy, ciia iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth oa
ia?anaeaiiai ianaeaiiy. I?eionoeia iiieeea aea??ie = 0,035 – 0,050.

Aeey aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy yeino? oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, i?aaiaeo
aa?aio?e ?aae?caoe?? aeiciiaiaaeoth/eo oa nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a
i?iaaaeaii aeia?? aenia?o?a ia o?ueio ??aiyo: caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiio,
iaeaniiio, ?aeiiii-naeeuiiio.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeinoaoiino? noa? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa ??aiy
nioe?aeueiiai naiiii/oooy o iino?aaeaeaeeo, ye nioe?aeueii? a?oie, a
i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aene?aeeiaoaaeiny 11 oiiaieo noa? nioe?aeueii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?iaeea?aea: nioe?aeuei? a?aeiineie; nioe?aeueia
aaciaea; ?ae?aaoe?eii-eoeueoo?ia; iaoe?iiaeuei? noinoiee; iaoa??aeueii-
iiaooiaa (1-e ??aaiue); nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ia; iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaa
(2-e ??aaiue); i?ioan?eii-o?oaeiaa; i?aeiniaenoi?noi? noinoiee;
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eoeueoo?ia; iniaeno? yeino?. Aea/aiiy oa aiae?c iiaaae?iee
ianaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny iaeii/anii c aea/aiiyi oiia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy.

Aeica aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy aecia/aeany ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?yieo
aei???a ianaeaiiy ia e?/eeueieeao aei?ii?iaiiy ethaeeie (EAE). Aoei
aeei?enoaii iia?eueiee niaeo?iiao?e/iee eiiieaen ia aac? aiae?caoi?o
SILENA c aeaoaeoi?ii Na 1 (Fe) ?ici??ii 75 x 75 ii oa o?iueiaiai caoenoo
?c 20 — 50 ii Pb. IAeA = 180 Ae ia i?aai?ci i?e /an? aei??o 3 — 5 oaeeei
oa ? = 0,95.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ineo?/iiai noaio a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa
aeei?enoaiee “Iieooaaeueiee caaaeueiiai caei?ia’y” (General Health
Questionnaire GHQ), aae?ae?ciaaia ?in?enueeiiiaia aa?n?y GHQ 28. A i?e
28 caieoaiue neeaaeaee 4 oeaee: oeaea niiaoecaoe??, oeaea o?eaiae, oeaea
nioe?aeueii? aeenooieoe??, oeaea aeai?an??. I?ae?aooiie iieaciee?a
i?iaiaeeany ca aeaiia iaoiaeeeaie: GHQ score oa Likert score.

Ia?aeiia caoai?thaai?noue aaaaoi-noaeeiiith aeenoii??th (337.9),
a?ia?oii?/iith oai?iaith (401 — 404, 410.7 — 414.7, 430.7 — 438.7),
?oai?/iith oai?iaith na?oey (410 — 414), ae?aceiaith oai?iaith oeoieo oa
12iaei? eeoee (531 — 533) ca aeaieie caa?oaeueiino? aea/aeanue na?aae
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy a?eii 20-49 ?ie?a ciie aeia?ia?eueiiai
a?aenaeaiiy oa “/enoiai” ?aa?iio. Caaaeueia aea??ea neeaaeaea 50 % a?ae
nioe?ieia?/ii? aea??ee, yea ?ai?acaioaoeaia ca noaooth oa a?eii aeey
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio.

?iaeea?aeoaeueiee oa ocaaaeueiaiee (a?oiiaee) aiae?c oei?a
aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e, iayaiino? oa /anoioe i?iyao ca ye?nieie
e?eoa??yie ?aaeoe?e iai?oae aiiainoaco, a oaeiae iayaiino? ee?oeiieo
?aaeoe?e oa ye?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ee?oeiieo iaoai?ci?a niaoeeo?/iiai oa
ianiaoeeo?/iiai caoenoo i?iaiaeeee ca aeaieie iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co
eaeeia?aie (A.ss.In?i, 1987, E.O.Aa?eaa?, 1990). Aeae?eyee oae? oeie
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e (?A?): ?aaeoe?y o?aioaaiiy
(?O), ?aaeoe?? niie?eii? (?NA), i?aeaeuaii? aeoeaaoe?? (?IA),
ia?aaeoeaaoe?? (?I), noai aino?iai (AN) oa o?ii?/iiai no?ano (ON).

?acoeueoaoe oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia oe? ae??
?aae?aoe?eiiai /eiieea na?aae nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a i?ia?aeia i?noea ii
cia/eiino? aieeao ia ineoiaiioe?eiee noai, o?ce/ia naiiii/oooy ianaeaiiy
caeiaei ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy. Iniaeeaino? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiey
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe aoee iaoiiaeai?, ianaiia?aae, ia
?aae?aoe?eiith neooaoe??th, a aea?aeaaii-nioe?aeueiei oeeaaeii,
noa`?eoeaieie /eiieeaie. Aiae?c e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iioieo i?neyaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo aeicaieea c’ynoaaoe
ie?ai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ia??iaee, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ?ioi?iaoe?eieie
nieaneaie oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieie niaaeaie: ia?oa i?aeaeuaiiy – ??e aaa???
(1986 ??e); ae?oaa i?aeaeuaiiy (1990 ??e) – i?ney ciyooy a?eoo
nae?aoiino?; o?ao? i?aeaeuaiiy (1993 ??e) – ia??iae nei?i/aiiy aeieaoe
i?euea oa eiiiainaoe?e iioa?i?eei a ca`yceo c aeiiii?/iith e?ecith.
?ioi?iaoe?ei? niaaee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny: 1987 ?. — ii/aoie 1989 ?ieo —
ia??iae ooo/iiai no?eioaaiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??; 1992 ?.-
ii/aoie i?e?iaeiuei? iioi?iaoe?eii? ? ineoiaiioe?eii? noaa?e?caoe??
aiane?aeie i?eeiyooy ?yaeo /i?iiaeeuenueeeo caeii?a, ui aa?aiooaaee
iaaio nioe?aeueio caoeuai?noue iioa?i?eei; 1995-1996 ?iee – ia??iae
?ioi?iaoe?eii? noaa?e?caoe?? aiane?aeie /aniaiai ii?iao (10 ?ie?a i?ney
aaa???) ? aaeaioaoe?? ianaeaiiy aei ?aaeueiino?, a oaeiae aeayei?
aecia/aiino? iaeaooiueiai *AAN.

Ia iniia? naiaioe/iiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui o?eueee c 1992 ?ieo a
ioae?eaoe?yo niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei iaoeiai? iaa?oioiaaiino?
oiai, ui a?aeaoeiny, oaeoia?ao?/iino? oa i?aeoe/ii? iai?aaeaiino?. Aea
iniiai? aeanoeaino? caeeoathoueny aac ci?i, a naia, a?aenooi?noue iae?eo
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo, ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo oa aeeoo?ai-i?aeoe/ieo
iniaeeainoae aeoiaaiiy ianaeaiiy, niaeo?e aieeao ?ioi?iaoe??,
a?aenooi?noue aiae?co ?aaeoe?? niiaeeaa/?a ia oi?io oa ci?no
?ioi?iaoe??.

Iaea?eueoei aeaoaeoii ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?iaeoeoo ? iacaaeiaieai?noue iei
niiaeeaa/a — ianaeaiiy /a?ac iaiiaiioo, iaia`?eoeai?noue oa
ianai?/ani?noue (89,5 %). Aeine?aeaeaiiy a iino?aaeaeaeeo ?aa?iiao
iieacaee, ui a ia?oee aeaiue i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ia?
iaea?aeaei o?eueee 10,4 % ianaeaiiy oa e oo ia c io?oe?eieo aeaea?ae. Ia
ae?oaee, o?ao?e aeaiue — iaeaea /aoaa?oa /anoeia anueiai ianaeaiiy (25,3
%). 26,7 % ?aniiiaeaio?a iaea?aeaee ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aaa??th ia *AAN
i?ioyaii oeaeiy ? i?ci?oa-12,7 %. A?eueoa 60,0 % ianaeaiiy aia?oa aoee
i?i?ioi?iiaai? i?i aaa??th c iaio?oe?eieo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??, ui
ni?eyei ineoiaiioe?ei?e iai?oc? na?aae ianaeaiiy. I?iaaaeaia iaie
ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea a aeeiai?oe? 1986-1996 ??. caaaeueieo e?euee?nieo
oa ie?aieo i?iaeaiii-oaiaoe/ieo iioie?a c iieacieeaie, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ineoiaiioe?eiee noai oa iiaaae?ieo ianaeaiiy a
aeeiai?oe? ca oeeie ae ?ieaie, cana?ae/eea ?nioaaiiy iaaiiai ca’yceo
i?ae oeeie eaoaai??yie. Aeey iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy oa?aeoa?iee
na?aaei?e oa aenieee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca`ycie i?ae naiiioe?ieaie caei?ia`y
ianaeaiiy oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieie iioieaie eiie?aoii? iai?aaeaiino?,
iia`ycaii? ?c noaiii caei?ia`y (?en.3).

?enoiie 3 — Aeeiai?ea e?eueeino? ioae?eaoe?e, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai
caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy oa ?iciiae?e ?aniiiaeaio?a ca naiiioe?ieaie noaio
caei?ia`y oa ??aiai ni?eeiyooy ?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo ianaeaiiyi
caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e (a %)

I?ae iieacieeii naiiioe?iie noaio caei?ia`y “ii/oaath naaa oai?ei” oa
?ioi?iaoe?eieie iioieaie: “iaaee/i? iane?aeee — noai caei?ia`y
ianaeaiiy” ?nio? i?yiee ca`ycie (r = 0,613). Ae?aaeaiee aieea iaee
ie?ai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ianeae ia a?aeiioaiiy ianaeaiiy aei ?aae?aoe?eii?
neooaoe??. I?yiee ca`ycie niinoa??aa?oueny i?ae iieacieeii ni?eeiyooy
?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo iino?aaeaeaeei ianaeaiiyi (“aaaaeath neooaoe?th
iaaacia/iith aeey caei?ia’y”) oa iaoa??aeaie i?i iaaee/i? iane?aeee
aaa??? (r = 0,786), i?iaiice a/aieo (r = 0,779), i?e/eie aaa??? (r =
0,565).

Ia oe? an?o ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a, noi?iiaaieo caniaaie ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe??, aeae?ey?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iio?e ioae?eaoe?e
i?ina?oieoeueeiai oa?aeoa?o, neeaaeiaeie yeiai aoee eiie?aoi?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iiaaae?iee a iiaeo oiiaao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?
iai?aaeai? ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy oa cieaeaiiy aeic ii?ii?iaiiy. Oeae iio?e
?ioi?iaoe?? ni?eya cieaeaiith o?eaiaeiino? oa ni?eeiyooy ?aae?aoe?eiiai
?eceeo, ia ui aeaco? ei?aeyoe?eiee cai?ioi?e ca`ycie (r = — 0,777).
Ii?yae ?c cieaeaiiyi o?eaiaeiino?, ioae?eaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eiiai oa
i?io?eaeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o ni?eyee aeeiiaiith ianaeaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, ci?i? ?aoe?iio oa?/oaaiiy oa ci?i?
noa?aioei?a iiaaae?iee ? niiniao aeeooy.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaco? ia na?eici? iaaeie?ee o ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio
caaacia/aii? ii aena?oeaiith aaa??? oa ?? iane?aee?a, ui aoei iaoiiaeaii
ia`?eoeaieie (a?aenooi?noue ?ic?iaeaii? no?aoaa?? ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e ?ioi?ioaaiiy ianaeaiiy ia aeiaaeie aaa???), oa noa`?eoeaieie
(iniaenoi?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiioi?eaoi??a) /eiieeaie. Ia iniia? aiae?co
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
??cieo eaoaai??e ianaeaiiy ia aeiaaeie ?aae?aoe?eii? aai
oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaa??? oa e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? ?ioi?ioaaiiy
ianaeaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy aieeaaee caoeni?
caoiaee, ye? ai?iaaaeaeoaaeeny: e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?, a?a??i?/i?,
nioe?aeuei?. Ia?aaeoiiaith iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a caoiae?a, ui iaee
ai?iaaaeaeoaaoeny, ye iieacaee nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaea
iaaeia??a ianaeaiiy uiaei aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo caoiae?a,
noi?iiaaia i?aai?caoe?eieie aniaeoaie ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. C`yniaai? ??ci?
ia?aaeeaie ni?eeiyooy caoenieo caoiae?a ianaeaiiyi oa ea??aieeaie
onoaiia, ui ai?iaaaeaeoaaee caoiaee. Ianaeaiiy aiaecia/eei, a ia?oo
/a?ao, icaei?iaeaiiy aeioae (74,3 %), aeieaoo iaoa?iaeueieo iieuea i
eiiiainaoeie (62,3 %), caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy “/enoeie” i?iaeoeoaie
oa?/oaaiiy (48,5 %). Ea??aieee onoaiia an?o cii ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy iniiaia cia/aiiy iaaeaaaee a?a??i?/iei caoiaeai, cie?aia
?aaeiaoeieiiio eiio?ieth iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua (aiaea – 67,7 %,
iiaio?y – 64,6 %, a?oio – 61,4 %), i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy — 71,8 %. ??cia
ni?eeiyooy caoiae?a ni?eyei c?inoaiith caaaeueii? o?eaiaeiino?
ianaeaiiy, caiaiiei?iino? caei?ia`yi, aieeaaee ia ??aaiue ni?eeiyooy
?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo oa oi?ioaaiiy o?ce/ii? oa ineo?/ii? neeaaeiaeo
caei?ia`y.

Aea/aiiy i?iaeaie ae?? i?aaiaiai iiey ia oe? iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a
aaa??? iieacaei, ui iacaaaeath/e ia i?eeiyoee a 1991 ?ioe? Caeii “I?i
noaoon oa nioe?aeueiee caoeno a?iiaaeyi…”, i?iaeaie c iaaee/iei
caaacia/aiiyi ia aoee ae??oai? a iiai?e i???. Aenia?oe (aaei?i?no?aoi?e,
a/ai?) aeniei ioe?ieaoe oae? i?aaia? aa?aio??, ye “icaei?iaeaiiy
ae?oae”, “iaaee/ia caaacia/aiiy” oa “icaei?iaeaiiy aei?ineeo”, ?acii c
oei caa?ioee oaaao ia aeineoue iecueeee ??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? inoaii?o
(-17 — — 67 aae?a i?e ae?aiacii? oeaee “+ 100” — “- 100” aae?a). Aeai?
?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee ??aiy i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e oa ??aiy i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? ie?aieo iieiaeaiue Caeiio i?eaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ioe?iea aenia?oaie ??aiy i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e (0 — +100 aae?a) ? ??aiy
i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? (-100 — +100 aae?a) ie?aieo caoiae?a noaoae
Caeiio “I?i noaoon oa nioe?aeueiee caoeno a?iiaaeyi…”

Ie?ai? caoiaee I?aaia? aa?aio??I?aeoe/ia
?aae?caoe?yAaei?i?no?a-oi?eA/ai?Aaei?i?no?a-oi?eA/ai?iaoa??aeuei?
eiiiainaoe??6645-22-50iaaee/ia caaacia/aiiy4740-17-21icaei?iaeaiiy
aei?ineeo4129-44-67icaei?iaeaiiy ae?oae53480-15oiiae
i?aoe?3327-60-75?aaa?e?oaoe?y iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua1423-78-79na?aaeiy ioe?iea4235-37-50

Iaeaea? a?oie aenia?o?a iaea?eueo aeniei ioe?iththoue oae? aa?aio?? a
Caeii?: “iaoa??aeuei? eiiiainaoe??” oa “icaei?iaeaiiy ae?oae”, iaeieae/a
– “oiiae i?aoe?” ? “?aaa?e?oaoe?y aeiae?eey”.

Ca aenia?oieie ioe?ieaie ea??aiee?a iaaee/ieo onoaiia, iaaee/ia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy a?iiaaeyi, ui i?iaeeaathoue ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo,
ii/aei iia??ooaaoeny i?ney 1990 ?ieo ? cia/ii iia??oeeiny ca inoaii?
?iee, cie?aia: iia??oeeanue ia?aeiia iaaeeei-nai?oa?ia aeiiiiiaa, a
eaae?o?eiaaia niaoe?ae?ciaaia iaaee/ia aeiiiiiaa ia oa?eoi??yo, ui
i?aeeyaathoue a?aenaeaiith, iaeaea a?aenooiy; oaoiieia?? ia?aeiii? oa
aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee, ni?yiiaai? ia cieaeaiiy caoai?thaaiino?,
caaacia/othoueny eeoa /anoeiai; ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia aeiiiiiaa acaaae? ia
?aae?co?oueny ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo.

Aea/aiiy aeoiee ianaeaiiy i?i ?aae?caoe?th iieiaeaiue noaoae 21, 22, 23
Caeiio “I?i noaoon oa nioe?aeueiee caoeno…” iieacaei, ui ia oa?eoi??yo,
aea ianaeaiiy ia? i?eueae aeey aaceiooiaiiai io?eiaiiy e?e?a, eeoa 34 %
a?aeiia?ee, ui aiie ei?enoothoueny i?eueaaie.

Aeieacaii, ui ia?ic?iaeai?noue iaoai?ci?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?a??i?/ieo oa
nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a ai?iaeiaae 1986-1991 ?ie?a, a ai?iaeiaae 1992-1998
??. – a?aenooi?noue a caeiiiaeaa/?e aac? iaoai?cio i?enoinoaaiiy aei
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ci?i, i?ecaaei aei ciaoe?iaiiy cia/ii?
e?eueeino? caoiae?a oa iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia
ineoiaiioe?eiee, o?ce/iee oa ineo?/iee noaie ??cieo a?oi iino?aaeaeaeiai
ianaeaiiy.

Na?aae ia?anaeaiiai ianaeaiiy aaaeeeaith ia?aaeoiiaith ii?iaeueiiai
aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ? caaacia/ai?noue ?iaioith, ui caaeiaieueiyea a
iio?aae i?aeo?eiaiiy ii?iaeueiiai i?iaeeoeiaiai ??aiy oa ii?aeueiiai
caaeiaieaiiy. I?ioa a i?noeyo anaeaiiy iaaoo? i?ioan?? ia?anaeaioe?a, ?o
ciaiiy oa aeina?ae ia aeei?enoiaothoueny /a?ac a?aenooi?noue ?iai/eo
i?noeue. Oae, 66,1 % ia?anaeaieo ?c caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e acaaae? ia
iaee iiaeeeaino? i?aoeaaeaoooaaoeny, c eiaeiei ?ieii aeaia oaiaeaioe?y
ia? oa?aeoa? ca?eueoaiiy; na?aae oeo, ooi ciaeoia ?iaioo, iiai?noth
caaeiaieaieo iath eeoa 12,7 %, /anoeiai caaeiaieaieo – 42,5 % oa
iiai?noth iacaaeiaieaieo – 44,7 %. ?nio? na?aaeiy noaoenoe/ia
caeaaei?noue i?ae nioe?aeueiith aaeaioiaai?noth oa caaacia/ai?noth
?iaioith (r = 0,457). A iaea??oiio noai? iieieeeny ia?anaeaioe?
1993-1996-o ?ie?a: 90,0 % ia iiaeooue i?aoeaaeaoooaaoeny. Iecueeee
??aaiue aeinoaoiino? oaeeo nioe?aeueieo noa? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ye
?ae?aaoe?eii-eoeueoo?ia (cie?aia iaaee/ia aeiiiiiaa – 77,5 %),
i?ioan?eii-o?oaeiaa oa iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaa cia/iith i??ith aieeaa? ia
caaaeueiee ??aaiue nioe?aeueiiai naiiii/oooy oa o?ce/iiai caei?ia`y.
A?eueo?noue ia?anaeaiiai ianaeaiiy aaaaea?, ui i?ioean ia?anaeaiiy,
cia/iith i??ith, aieeioa ia ?o aeeooy, iniaeeai ia noai caei?ia‘y (84,4
%). Nueiaiaei? na?aae ia?anaeaioe?a ii/oaathoue naaa “caei?iaeie” eeoa
9,0 %. Aiae?c naiiioe?iie noaio caei?ia`y a a?oiao c ??ciei ??aiai
ina?oe iieacaa, ui noa`?eoeai? ioe?iee ?aniiiaeaio?a c aeuith ina?oith
iaea??o?, 34,1 % ii/oaathoue naaa “oai?eie” oa “aeoaea oai?eie”. Na?aae
ieo ye?ac ? iaeiaioa /enei oeo, ooi caaeiaieaiee oiiaaie i?eaeeaaiino?.
Ia?anaeaia ianaeaiiy, a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aeine?aeaeoaaieie a?oiaie
ianaeaiiy, ia? iaeieae/ee ?ic?aooieiaee ?iaeaen caei?ia`y ca
naiiioe?ieaie (ia?anaeaia ianaeaiiy — 0,13, ianaeaiiy caa?oaeiaieo
oa?eoi??e — 0,42, ianaeaiiy “/enoeo” oa?eoi??e – 0,69).

Aiae?c aeaieo ineo?/iiai noaio i?a?aio?a, iaea?aeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith
Iieooaaeueieea caaaeueiiai caei?ia`y (GHQ 28) ? i?eaaaeaieo a oaaeeoe?
2, aea? iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aeey ia?anaeaiiai ianaeaiiy
oa?aeoa?ia iioe?ai?noue ineoieia?/iiai aeeno?ano oa iaeeo ineo?/ieo
?iceaae?a, ui cia/ii a?ae??ciy? oea ianaeaiiy a?ae ianaeaiiy oiiaii
“/enoeo” oa?eoi??e. Caaaeueiee iieaciee GHQ 28, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aeeaeio
ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a, aeinoia??ii aeuee na?aae ia?anaeaioe?a (62,7 ± 2,7)
a ii??aiyii? c ianaeaiiyi “/enoeo” oa?eoi??e (53,5 ± 1,5).

Oaaeeoey 2

Na?aaei? iieacieee ie?aieo oeae GHQ 28, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ineo?/iee
noai ia?anaeaioe?a 1993-1995 ?ie?a a?aenaeaiiy oa ianaeaiiy “/enoiai”
?aa?iio (M±m)

A?oie Oeaee GHQ 28Noaoueianaeaiiy/ieia?eeae?ieeia?anaeaioe?
niiaoecaoe?y19,1 ± 1,5*20,2 ± 0,9*1993-1995o?eaiaa17,3 ± 1,6*17,8 ±
1,2nioe?aeueia aeenooieoe?y17,9 ± 1,2*18,7 ± 1,0*aeai?an?y11,9 ± 1,3
*10,3 ± 0,9GHQ 2866,9 ± 5,0*66,5 ± 3,6*ianaeaiiy
niiaoecaoe?y15,2±0,515,7±0,5“/enoiai”
o?eaiaa14,0±0,614,6±0,5?aa?iionioe?aeueia
aeenooieoe?y14,5±0,314,3±0,3aeai?an?y8,7±0,49,9±0,5GHQ
2852,5±1,454,5±1,3I?ei?oea.*Noaoenoe/ii cia/eia ??cieoey (? < 0,05) i?ae iieacieeaie eiio?ieueiiai oa ia?anaeaiiai ianaeaiiy. Eeoa 17,0 % ia?anaeaiiai ianaeaiiy, ca aeaieie GHQ 28, ia iathoue iaeeo ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a, aea ? aeey ieo oa?aeoa?iee aenieee ??aaiue nioe?aeueii? aeenooieoe??, iia`ycaiee c iianyeaeaiiei ae??oaiiyi i?iaeai a oiiaao nueiaiaeaiiy. Nooi?iue ?eceeo aeey caei?ia`y ia?anaeaioey ?c ciie iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny ye noia iane?aee?a: ii?ii?iaiiy iaeeie aeicaie aei a?aenaeaiiy, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai no?ano aiane?aeie e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? a 1986-1990 ??., nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai no?ano a?ae ia?anaeaiiy, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai aeeneiioi?oo ia iiaiio i?noe? i?iaeeaaiiy a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao, ui o?ainoi?iothoueny. Aeey ianaeaiiy, yea iino?eii iaoea? ia caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?eoi??yo, oa?aeoa?i? nai? iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai noaio oa o?ce/iiai naiiii/oooy, a ii??aiyii? c ia?anaeaiei ianaeaiiyi. Nooi?iue ?eceeo aeey oeueiai ianaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny noiith iino?eiiai aieeao ?aae?aoe?eiiai /eiieea, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai aeeno?ano a?ae i?iaeeaaiiy ia caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi??? a aeeiai?oe? ca ?ieaie oa oiiaaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, iaoiiaeaieie aeiiii?/iith e?ecith. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeii?iaioaie nioe?aeueii? iai?oae ianaeaiiy ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, ? noai caei?ia`y, o?iainia? i?iaeaie oa ciaa??a ianaeaiiy a iiaeeea?noue iie?ioaiiy aeeooy. Coaiae?iiy ianaeaiiy caaino?th? an? ?io? i?iaeaie. Nioe?aeueia iai?oaa, ui aeeeeea? cieaeaiiy nioe?aeueiiai naiiii/oooy, i?iyaey?oueny a noa?ao: ?ae?aaoe?eii-eoeueoo?i?e, iaoa??aeueii-iiaooia?e 2-ai ??aiy, nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?e oa nioe?aeueii? aaciaee (oaae.3). Iaaeiecueeee ?iaeaen aeinoaoiino? caeeoa?oueny o iio?aa? iaiao?aeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae (1,2 aaee). Na?aae iane?aee?a aaa??? iia??oaiiy noaio caei?ia’y o oe??? a?oie ianaeaiiy caeeoa?oueny i??i?eoaoiei – 95 % ?aniiiaeaio?a oaeeth? oey i?iaeaia. Oiio, aei oiai /ano, aeiee ia aoaea ae??oaia i?iaeaia iie?ioaiiy iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, ??aaiue nioe?aeueii? iai?oae ia ciaiooaaoeiaoueny. Oaaeeoey 3 Noa?e nioe?aeueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ui iaoiiaeththoue cieaeaiiy caaaeueiiai ??aiy nioe?aeueiiai naiiii/oooy ianaeaiiy (?iaeaen aeinoaoiino? a aaeao; oeaea 1-3) Noa?e nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy?iaeaen Noa?e nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy?iaeaen iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae1,2i?ioan?eii-o?oaeiaa1,9nioe?aeueii? aaciaee1,6?ioi?iaoe?eii-eoeueoo?ia 1,9nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ia 1,6iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaa (1-e ??aaiue)1,9?ae?aaoe?eii-eoeueoo?ia 1,6i?aeiniaiaeo noinoie?a2,1iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaa (2-e ??aaiue)1,6iniaenoeo yeinoae2,1nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei1,8 Ca ?iaeaenii caei?ia`y ca naiiioe?ieaie niinoa??aa?oueny caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y iia??oaiiy noaio caei?ia`y a aeeiai?oe? ca 1986-1997 ?iee ia an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo oa?eoi??yo, aea naiiioe?iee caei?ia`y ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo ieae/?, i?ae ia eiio?ieueieo. Oae, ?iaeaene caei?ia`y, ca aeaieie naiiioe?iie a 1986 ?ioe?, aeey ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaii? oa?eoi??? oa oiiaii “/enoi?” neeaaeaee 0,90 oa 0,88 a?aeiia?aeii, a aeey 1997 ?ieo - 0,21 oa 0,69. Caaaeueiee iieaciee GHQ 28, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aeeaeio ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a, aeinoia??ii ca?eueoeany c 54,3 aei 60,0 a aeeiai?oe? ca 1993-1997 ?iee (? 0,05) ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, aea aeinoia??ii ia ci?ieany ia oiiaii “/enoeo”. Ia neooaoe?th, ui neeaeany a ?aa?ii?, iino?aaeaeaea ianaeaiiy ?aaao? ianiaoeeo?/ieie neiioiiaie iaa?ioe/iiai ??aiy: niiaoecaoe?y, o?eaiaa, nioe?aeueia aeenooieoe?y. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c neeaaeiaeo caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy (nioe?aeueii?, o?ce/ii? oa ineo?/ii? eiiiiiaio), yea iaoea? ia iino?aaeaeaeeo oa?eoi??yo, cana?ae/o?, ui inoaii? iaea??o? o ianaeaiiy ciie aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, a ii??aiyii? c ianaeaiiyi ciie iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy, ciie iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth. Na?aae ianaeaiiy, ui nueiaiaei? iaoea? a cii? iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy, niinoa??aa?oueny iaioa /enei oeo, ooi a?ae/oaa? naaa “oai?ei” oa “aeoaea oai?ei”, a ii??aiyii? c ?ioei iino?aaeaeaeei ianaeaiiyi oa a?eueoa /enei oeo, ooi a?ae/oaa? naaa “caei?iaei”. ?iaeaen caei?ia`y, ca naiiioe?ieaie, aeuee na?aae ianaeaiiy ciie iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy, a ii??aiyii? c ianaeaiiyi 3 oa 4 cii caa?oaeiaiiy (?en. 4). ?enoiie 4 – ?iaeaen caei?ia`y ca naiiioe?ieaie o iioa?i?eeo a?oi ianaeaiiy oa ianaeaiiy oiiaii “/enoeo” oa?eoi??e Aea/aiiy ineo?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ianaeaiiy oa?eoi??? iaia`yceiaiai, aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy oa ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue o iueiai ineoieia?/iiai aeeno?ano oa iaeeo ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a. Ca aeaieie Iieooaaeueieea caaaeueiiai caei?ia`y (GHQ 28), cie?aia ca oeaeaie niiaoecaoe??, o?eaiae, nioe?aeueii? aeenooieoe??, aeai?an?? oa caaaeueiei aaeii ineo?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee na?aae /ieia?e?a aeinoia??ii aeu? a cii? aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, a ii??aiyii? ?c ciiith iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy (oaae. 4). Na?aae ae?iie ciie iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy, a ii??aiyii? ?c ciiith aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino? a ineo?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao niinoa??aathoueny ca iieacieeaie oeae niiaoecaoe?? oa o?eaiae. A on?o a?oiao ianaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio, iacaeaaeii a?ae ciie ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, oeaea niiaoecaoe?? ca ieoiiith aaaith caeia? ia?oa i?noea. Niiaoecaoe?y ia? aenieee ??aaiue ei?aeyoe?? c o?eaiaith (r = 0,751, ? < 0,01), c nioe?aeueiith aeenooieoe??th (r = 0,553, ? < 0,01), i?ioa ia iia`ycaia c aeai?an??th. I?eaaaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee caei?ia`y ia oe? ?aae?aoe?eiiai /eiieea, cia/iith i??ith iaoiiaeai? nioe?aeueieie i?ioeanaie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a eiaei?e eiie?aoi?e cii? a aeeiai?oe? ca ?ieaie. Inoaii? aecia/athoue i???ioaoe??, onoaiiaee oa iiaaae?ieo ianaeaiiy, iai?aaeaio ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y. *a?ac 12 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? 63 % ianaeaiiy ciie aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy aaaaeathoue, ui aiie i?iaeeaathoue a ianaeaieo ioieoao c aeoaea aenieei oa aenieei ??aiai caa?oaeiaiino? Oaaeeoey 4 Oa?aeoa?enoeea ineo?/iiai noaio ianaeaiiy ca na?aaei?ie iieacieeaie oeae GHQ 28 a caeaaeiino? a?ae ciie ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy (M ± m) A?oie CiieOeaee GHQ 28iana-eaiiycaa-?oae-iaiiyNiiaoe-caoe?yO?eaiaaNioe?aeueia aeenooieoe?yAeai?an?yCaaaeueiee aae GHQ/iei-216,1 ±0,5*13,7 ±0,5*15,2 ±0,3*8,7 ±0,3*53,9 ±1,2*a?ee318,2± 0,415,9 ±0,516,2 ±0,410,6 ± 0,561,1 ±1,5417,5 ±0,315,5 ±0,616,6 ±0,510,4 ±0,559,9 ±1,7ae?iee219,0 ±0,5*17,5 ±0,5*16,9 ±0,410,9 0,564,3 ±1,3320,4±0,4**18,4 ±0,516,6 ±0,411,0 ±0,566,6 ±1,3**418,7 ±0,517,5±0,617,0 ±0,410,4 ±0,463,4 ± 1,5I?ei?oee: 1. * Noaoenoe/ii cia/eia ??cieoey (? < 0,05) i?ae iieacieeaie 2 oa 3 cii. 2. ** Noaoenoe/ii cia/eia ??cieoey (? <0,05) i?ae iieacieeaie 3 oa 4 cii. ?aae?iioee?aeaie. I?e oeueiio 29,0 % aiaaiai?, ui aiie a iaeaooiueiio io?eiathoue “aaeeeo” aai “aeoaea aaeeeo aeico ii?ii?iaiiy”. Ioe?iee ianaeaiiy ciie aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy caa?oaeiaiino? i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy ?aae?iioee?aeaie oaeiae cia/ii aeu?, i?ae ioe?iee ianaeaiiy ciie iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy, cie?aia, oaeeo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy, ye iieiei oa “aea?e” e?no (?en.5). ?enoiie 5 – ?iciiae?e a?aeiia?aeae ?aniiiaeaio?a uiaei ??aiy caa?oaeiaiino? ?aae?iioee?aeaie ie?aieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy, a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy Ioe?iee ianaeaiiy ciie iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy a?eueo iii??eiaai?, i?ae ianaeaiiy ciie aa?aioiaaiiai ia?anaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iayai?noue o?eaiaeiino?, iaeeo ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a, iecueeeo naiiioe?iie caei?ia`y ia ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith aaeaeaaoieo iaae/ie iiaaae?iee a oiiaao i?iaeeaaiiy ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaiee ca`ycie i?ae noa`?eoeaieie ioe?ieaie caei?ia`y, iioe?ai?noth ineoieia?/iiai aeeno?ano, i???ioaoe?yie, iiaaae?ieith a?oi ianaeaiiy oa ?o oyaeaiiyi i?i io?eiaio aaeeeo aeico ii?ii?iaiiy (?en. 6.). Aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? a ie?aieo ianaeaieo ioieoao ciie iaia`yceiaiai oa aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, c ??ciith oa iaeiaeiaith u?euei?noth ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ii aea/aiith iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai oa ineo?/iiai noaio ianaeaiiy oa ni?anoaaeaiiy ?o c iaeiie/aieie aeicaie aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia /an aeine?aeaeaiiy (1998 ??e) ia aeyaeee aeinoia??iiai ca`yceo i?ae iieacieeaie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai caei?ia`y oa aeico aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy i?e aiae?c? aeaieo ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy. ?enoiie 6 - Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iieaciee?a caei?ia`y oa iiaaae?iee ianaeaiiy, ui iaoea? a ianaeaieo ioieoao c ??aiioe?iiith ?aae?aoe?eiith neooaoe??th, aea c ??ciei ianyaii caoenieo caoiae?a (1 – ianaeaiee ioieo c i?eieiaieie caoiaeaie, 2 - ianaeaiee ioieo c iino?eii ai?iaaaeaeoaaieie caoiaeaie) Anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue ia?aeiii? caoai?thaaiino? aaaaoi-noaeeiiith aeenoii??th, a?ia?oii?/iith oai?iaith, ?oai?/iith oai?iaith na?oey oa ae?aceith oeoieo ? 12iaei? eeoee a i?neyaaa??eiee ia??iae aeinoia??ii aeuee a cii? aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, a ii??aiyii? c “/enoei” ?aa?iiii a aiaeia?/ieo a?eiaeo a?oiao. ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? a aeiaaa??eiee ia??iae aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae caoai?thaaiino? a i?neyaaa??eiee ia??iae a iaio ?aa?iiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. A i?neyaaa??eiee ia??iae niinoa??aa?oueny iiae?aia aeeiai?ea ia?aeiii? caoai?thaaiino? aaaaoi-noaeeiiith aeenoii??th, a?ia?oii?/iith oai?iaith oa ?oai?/iith oai?iaith na?oey ye ia iino?aaeaeaeeo oa?eoi??yo, oae ? ia oiiaii “/enoeo”, aea i?e ??cieo ??aiyo. Aeeiai?ea caoai?thaaiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo iicieia?e /?oei iiae?ey?oueny ia 3 ia??iaee: aeiaaa??eiee -1981-1985 ?iee, ia??iae 1986-1992 ?iee, ia??iae 1992-1996 ?iee. Eiiieaeniee aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeoi??a aeicaieea c`ynoaaoe iaaio caeiiii??i?noue a ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo iicieia?e oa ae??th nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a. C?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino?, cie?aia aaaaoi-noaeeiiith aeenoii??th, niinoa??aa?oueny a ia??iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nieane?a ? ineoiaiioe?eii? iai?oae a ?aa?iiao. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy caoai?thaaiino? oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy a aeeiai?oe? i?neyaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co aeathoue i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe, ui ?nio? i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaee ca`ycie “?ioi?iaoe?eiee oaeoi?” –“caoai?thaai?noue iicieia?/ieie oi?iaie”, ye? iiaeooue aooe iaoiiaeai? ineoiaaiieie /eiieeaie. Ca i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaeo oiia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ia ui aeacothoue aeai? aea/aiiy ?ioaa?aeueiiai ?iaeaeno nioe?aeueiiai naiiii/oooy (oaae. 5), ??aaiue ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae cia/eii aeuee a cii? aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, a ii??aiyii? c ciiith iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy, ui ? iaoiiaeth? caeiiii??i?noue a??oeo oa?aeoa?enoee o?ce/iiai oa ineo?/iiai caei?ia’y a ??cieo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao ciie aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy. Oaaeeoey 5 ?ioaa?aeuei? iieacieee nioe?aeueiiai, o?ce/iiai naiiii/oooy oa ineo?/iiai caei?ia`y a ??cieo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ciie i?iaeeaaiiy I?ioan??, ciie 2 oa 3nGHQ 28?iaeaen caei?ia’y??NNe?nieee 22450,0±1,9*0,9138,0±2,132256,0±2,10,6837,1±1,9iaoai?caoi?e 22045,9±1,4*0,8037,4±3,9 33055,8±2,10,6735,2±1,4niaoe?ae?noe n/a 22750,7±2,1*0,5738,1±1,8 32856,6±2,30,4236,5±1,7iaae.i?aoe?aieee 2 757,0±1,3*1,0035,0±8,0 3751,1±1,70,7242,6±3,7 I?ei?oea.*Noaoenoe/ii cia/eia ??cieoey (? < 0,05) i?ae iieacieeaie 2 oa 3 cii ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a 3 cii?, ii??aiyii c 2 ciiith ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, o?ce/ia naiiii/oooy oa ineo?/iee noai caei?ia’y aecia/athoueny ia ia`?eoeaiei ?aae?aoe?eiei ?eceeii, a noa’?eoeaiei, ia ui aeacothoue iieacieee oeae niiaoecaoe?? oa o?eaiaeiino?, ieoiia aaaa yeeo a?eueoa a ii??aiyii? ?c oeaeith nioe?aeueii? aeenooieoe??. A eiie?aoi?e cii? noai o?ce/iiai oa ineo?/iiai caei?ia`y aecia/a?oueny iniaeeainoyie i?ioan?? (??aaiue ina?oe) oa ae??th i?ioan?eieo oaeoi??a, a oiio /ene? ?aae?aoe?eiiai aeey i?ioan?? e?niee?a. A iaaeao ciie, cie?aia ciie aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, ca aeaieie aea/aiiy ineo?/iiai caei?ia`y, iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue ee?i?/ieo ii?ooaiue niinoa??aa?oueny a a?oi? e?niee?a (18,2 %), niaoe?ae?no?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa (17,5 %), iaoai?caoi??a (10,0 %). I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueiiai, o?ce/iiai naiiii/oooy, ineo?/iiai caei?ia`y, oei?a aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e ca aeaieie eaeeia?aie a ??cieo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao aeicaieeee aeyaeoe ?yae iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e (?A?) i?aai?cio o ianoaaeaieo, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o i?ioan?? oa aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua. ssaeyth/enue a nai?e iniia? ianiaoeeo?/ieie ?aaeoe?yie aiiainoaco, ui aeyaeythoueny ca ci?iith aaniethoiiai oa a?aeiiniiai ai?noo o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? ie?aieo iiioeyoe?e ee?oei, ?A? caeeth/athoue a nia? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai i?aai?cio oa eiai ci?io o a?aeiia?aeue ia iayai?noue aeciaaiiiai aieeao /eiiee?a ??cii? i?e?iaee. Canoinoaaiiy iaie i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaeaoeiaeo e?eoa???a iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co eaeeia?ai aeicaieeei aeyaeoe o ianoaaeaieo ??cio /anoioo iai?oae aiiainoaco oa ??cio aoaeoeai?noue ?aaoeyoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a, ui ni?eythoue oi?ioaaiith aaeaioaoe??. Oea ii?aeioaaeinue ?c aeeth/aiiyi ??cieo ca ye?noth oa iaoai?ciii i?aeo?eiaiiy noaio aiiainoaco ee?oeiieo ?aaeoe?e i?aai?cio (niaoeeo?/ieo, ianiaoeeo?/ieo). Cie?aia aeyaeaii, ui ?icii aaeaioaoeieii ?aaeoei? o ?aniiiaeaioia, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieith /anoioith aeyao iai?oae aiiainoaco, iaee o nai?e iniiai ?icii eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoinoaaeueii eeioeiii-iiina?aaeeiaaii ?aaeoei? ? iaoaiicie ?o ?aaeicaoei?, ui aiaeia?aaeaei iioaineaiinoue iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao ia ieo oaeoi?ia ioi/oth/iai (?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaiiai) aai ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua . Ca io?eiaieie aeaieie ie aeieoee aeniiaeo, ui iani?eyoeeaee aieea oaeoi?ia ae?iaie/iai oa ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeu, a aieueoie ii?i, niinoa?iaa?oueny o einie/eo c 2 ?aaeiaoeieii? ciie a ii??aiyii? c e?nie/eie 3 ciie, a a iaaeao 3 ?aaeiaoeieii? ciie – a a?eueo?e i??? o ae?iaeeueieeia, iiae o aiaei?a, oa o aiaei?a, iiae o o?aeoi?enoia. Aaaeeeai oaeiae i?aee?aneeoe iayai?noue cia/ii? aaoa?iaaiiino? a ?aaeoe?yo aiiainoaco o in?a, ye? ianoaaeoaaeeny iaie. Oea i?iyaeyeinue a ie?aieo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao oa ?aae?aoe?eieo ciiao (2 oa 3 ciie) oi?ioaaiiyi o ianoaaeaieo ye?nii ??cieo (o?c?ieia?/ieo, iao?c?ieia?/ieo) ?A?, ui, a??ia?aeii, a?aeia?aaeaei iayai?noue ye i?aeaeuaii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino? aai ae no?eeino? aei aieeao /eiiee?a ae?iaie/iai oa ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeu, oae ?, iiaeeeai, aoei coiiaeaii iniaeeainoyie ineoiaiioe?eiiai noaio ianoaaeaieo. A ca`yceo c inoaii?i, iaie aoei i?iaaaeaii ni?anoaaeaiiy ie?aieo oei?a ?A? (?aaeoe?y o?eaiae, ?aaeoe?y niie?eii? aeoeaaoe??, ?aaeoe?y iineeaii? aeoeaaoe??, ?aaeoe?y ia?aaeoeaaoe??) c ??aiai aeyaeaii? o?eaiaeiino? o ianoaaeaieo. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??aaiue nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? aaeaioiaaiino? ??cieo i?ioan?eieo a?oi, cie?aia o?eaiaeiino?, c iieacieeaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oeie ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e, na?ae/eoue ca oa, ui a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue o?eaiaeiino? (aeua na?aaeiueiai, aenieee) oa?aeoa?iee aeey aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e iao?c?ieia?/iiai oeio (?O, ?I), oiae? ye c o?c?ieia?/ieie aaeaioaoe?eieie ?aaeoe?yie (?NA, ?IA) o?eaiaei?noue aoea na?aaeiueith oa aeua na?aaeiuei?. Cie?aia, aeey ianoaaeaieo c iao?c?ieia?/ieie ?A? - ?O, ui a?aeia?aaea? iayai?noue neaaeiai ca ?ioaineai?noth aeciaaiiiai aieeao, aei yeiai i?aai?ci aaeaioo?oueny, oa?aeoa?iith aoea iayai?noue a ??aieo /anoeao o?eaiae aeua na?aaeiueiai oa aenieiai ??aiy, a aeey ?I cana?ae/o? iayai?noue neeueiiai (iaaei??iiai) aeciaaiiiai aieeao oa cia/ii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? iai?oae i?aai?cio – ia?aaaaeii ineoiaiioe?eii? iai?oae c o?eaiaei?noth aenieiai ??aiy. A naith /a?ao, o ianoaaeaieo c o?c?ieia?/ieie ?A? – ?NA oa ?IA aeyaeyeanue o?eaiaei?noue na?aaeiueiai oa aeua na?aaeiueiai ??aiy, a aenieee ??aaiue o?eaiae ?a?no?oaaany o aeinoia??ii iaioi? e?eueeino? in?a. Oiaoi, /ei iaioee ??aaiue o?eaiae, oei o?c?ieia?/i?o? ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio (oaae.6 ). Oaaeeoey 6 Oeie aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e ianoaaeaieo( a %) oa ??aaiue o?eaiae ca no?oeoo?ith A?oiiaa aaeaioaoe?e-??aaiue o?eaiaeia ?aaeoe?yiecueeeena?aaei?eaeua na?aaeiueiaiaenieee< 56-1011-1516-20?O--55,0 ± 11,145,0 ± 11,1*?NA-26,1 ± 9,256,5 ± 10,317,4 ± 7,9?IA-13,8 ± 6,469,0 ± 8,617,2 ± 7,0?I-2,2 ± 4,8*33,3 ±7,0*64,4 ± 7,1*I?ei?oea. *Aeinoia??i?noue (? < 0,05) ??cieoe? ??aiy o?eaiae o ianoaaeaieo c aaeaioaoe?eieie ?aaeoe?yie ?O, ?IA, ?I, o ii??aiyii? ?c ianoaaeaieie c aaeaioaoe?eiith ?aaeoe??th ?NA. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co aeicaieeei c`ynoaaoe ca`ycie i?ae ??aiai o?eaiaeiino? oa oeiaie aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e a on?e aeine?aeaeoaai?e a?oi? ( r = 0,412; p 0,01, n = 117) oa ie?aieo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao, iai?eeeaae e?niee?a – r = 0,616; p 0,01, n = 32. Io?eiai? aeai? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iayai?noue ca`yceo i?ae ??cieie ??aiyie neeaaeii? o nai?e iiaoaeia? aaeaioaoe?eii? nenoaie i?aai?cio, cie?aia i?ae nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iith oa o?c?ieia?/iith aaeaioiaai?noth. Oaeei /eiii, iaie i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea neeaaeiaeo caei?ia`y (nioe?aeueii?, o?ce/ii? oa ineo?/ii? eiiiiiaio) i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy acaaae? oa ie?aieo i?ioan?eieo a?oi (e?nieee, iaoai?caoi?e, iaaee/i? i?aoe?aieee, i?aoe?aieee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa ?io?), ui iaoeathoue a ??cieo ca ??aiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ciiao oa ia?anaeaiiai a “/eno?” ?aa?iie ianaeaiiy, anoaiiaeaia caeiiii??i?noue aieeao a?a??i?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ia oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy, anoaiiaeaii ca`ycie i?ae noa`?eoeaiei ni?eeiyooyi aeic oa i???ioaoe?yie, onoaiiaeaie oa iiaaae?ieith ianaeaiiy, iai?aaeaii? ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y o a?aeaeaeaiee i?neyaaa??eiee ia??iae, aecia/aii nooo?aee aieea o?eaiaeiino? ianaeaiiy, ui iaoea? ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, ia caeaoi?noue aaeaiooaaoeny aei iiaiai nioe?iaeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, c`yniaaii aieea nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a, ia oe? a?a??i?/ieo, ia oi?ioaaiiy caoai?thaaiino?. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue: iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiino?, iaoiiaeaii? a?a??i?/ieie oa nioe?aeueieie /eiieeaie (?en.7); iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiey oa iiaeaeue-noaia ia aeiaaeie ?aae?aoe?eii? aai oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ii? aaa???, a oaeiae ioe?iea aaeaeaaoiino? ?ioi?ioaaiiy ianaeaiiy; iaoa??aee ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? “Nenoaie iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao ioi/oth/iai oa ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua ia iniia? ioe?iee yeino? aaeaioaoe?? aei ia? ethaeeie”, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa i?iiiceoe?e ii i?eeiyooth ??oaiue c i?i?i?caoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN. Aeei?enoaiiy iai?aoeueiaaieo iaoa??ae?a aeicaiey? a no/anieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao, ui neeaeeny, c iaeiaioeie aeiiii?/ieie aeo?aoaie ae??ooaaoe iaeio c aaaeeeaeo no/anieo ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo i?iaeai – i?i?i?caoe?th iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a aaeeeiianooaaii? ?aae?aoe?eii? aaa??? ia *AAN aeey caei?ia`y i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, a oaeiae ?icaeaaoe iiaee, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee iai?yiie - nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee iii?oi?eia iane?aee?a oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io oa iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e. A iaaeao oeueiai iaoeiaiai iai?yieo iiaeia ioe?ithaaoe noai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae ia an?o aoaiao i?neyaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo, noai a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee c ieoaiue e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa???, ?ic?iaeyoe i?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??, a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii iioei?caoe?? caoenieo caoiae?a, ui ai?iaaaeaeothoueny c iaoith caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy Aeniiaee 1. Eiiieaenia nioe?aeueii-a?a??i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe i??i?eoaoi?noue a?a??i?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a, iaoiiaeaieo iane?aeeaie aaa??? ia *AAN, o oi?ioaaii? caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy, ui iaoea? a ciiao iaia`yceiaiai ? aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth oa a?aenaeaiiai a “/eno?” ?aa?iie. Anoaiiaeai? i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia? ca`ycee i?ae ae??th nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a oa naiiioe?ieaie noaio caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy (r = 0,533 p 0,05), ineo?/iei noaiii caei?ia`y (r = 0,467 p 0,05), caoai?thaai?noth ie?aieie iicieia?/ieie oi?iaie (r = 0,513 p 0,05 ). 2. Aiae?c nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ca no?oeoo?ith a aeeiai?oe? i?neyaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo 1986-1998 ?iee, aia?oa aeicaieea aeae?eeoe aoaie ?o aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy: ia?oee (1986-1991 ??.)- ae?thoue nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e, iaoiiaeai? aaa???th; ae?oaee (1992-1994 ??.) ia?aaaaeathoue iiia?aaei?, i?ioa aeiaeathoueny oaeoi?e, iaoiiaeai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith e?ecith; o?ao?e (1995-1998 ??.) - a iniiaiiio ae?thoue oaeoi?e, iaoiiaeai? aeiiii?/iith e?ecith, ?aae?aoe?eiee ?ecee aeo?niy?oueny nioe?aeueiei. 3. ?ioi?iaoe?eiee oaeoi? na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ia ?aii?e, na?aaei?e oa i?ci?e oacao aaa??? ? i?ia?aeiei ca aieeaii ia ineoiaiioe?eiee noai (r = 0,786 ? 0,05) oa o?ce/ia naiiii/oooy (r = 0,613 ? 0,05) ianaeaiiy, ui iaoeaei ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aenieee ??aaiue ni?eeiyooy ?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo ianaeaiiyi iaoiiaeaii ia?aaaaeii oeei /eiieeii. ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy i?i aaa??th oa ?? iane?aeee aoei aacnenoaiiei. ?ioi?iaoe?y, yea aeei?enoiaoaaeany a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioeanao aoea iaiiaiith, iaia'?eoeaiith, noia?a/eeaith ? ianai?/aniith, ui aea? i?aenoaae eaae?o?eoaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiea aaa??? ye ”aeaoi?iiaaia”. Anoaiiaeai? ia?eoeai? oa noa?eoeai? i?e/eie aeaoi?iaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiey aaa??? ia *AAN. 4. Ai?iaaaeaeaiee ia ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo eiiieaen aeiciiaiaaeoth/eo oa nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a, ii?yae c ia?aaeaa/oaaieie iiceoeaieie iane?aeeaie (ciaioaiiy aeice ii?ii?iaiiy oa iie?ioaiiy yeino? aeeooy) iaa ? iaaaoeai?, cie?aia, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? iane?aeee (iani?eeiyooy ai?iaaaeaeoaaieo caoiae?a, c?inoaiiy ??aiy ni?eeiyooy ?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo, cieaeaiiy aeia??e aei ea??aieo no?oeoo?), ye? aieeioee ia oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii?, ineo?/ii? oa o?ce/ii? eiiiiiaio caei?ia`y iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaaaoeai? iane?aeee ai?iaaaeaeaieo caoenieo caoiae?a iaoiiaeai? iaaeineiiaeith oaoiieia??th inoaii?o, iaaeiioe?ieith ?o nioe?aeueii? cia/eiino?, a?aenooi?noth a?aeiia?aeieo i?aai?caoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo i?aaiai? oa caeiiiaeaa/i? aac oa ?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy. Oea iaoiiaeth? nioe?aeueio oa ineo?/io aeacaaeaioiaai?noue ianaeaiiy, ui i?iaeeaa? ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo oa a?aenaeaiiai a iia? i?noey iaoeaiiy. 5. O?ce/iee oa ineo?/iee noai caei?ia`y ia?anaeaioe?a iaoiiaeaiee ia`?eoeaieie oa noa`?eoeaieie oaeoi?aie i?ioeano a?aenaeaiiy. Aieiaiei ? oaeoi? /ano (??e) a?aenaeaiiy ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaii? oa?eoi???, iia`ycaiee c aeiiii?/ieie ? nioe?aeueieie oiiaaie, ianiaith iacao?aaoaai?noth ia?anaeaioe?a (90,0 % ia iiaeooue i?aoeaaeaoooaaoeny ca oaoii). Aeey i?a?aio?a oa?aeoa?i? iciaee ineoieia?/iiai aeeno?ano oa iaeeo ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a. ?iaeaen caei?ia`y ia?anaeaioe?a, ca aeaieie naiiioe?iie, aeinoia??ii a??oee, i?ae o ianaeaiiy, ui iaoea? ia caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa “/enoeo” oa?eoi??yo (0,14; 0,42; 0,69 a?aeiia?aeii). 6. Aeii?iaioaie nioe?aeueii? iai?oae i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo ? noai caei?ia`y, o?iainia? i?iaeaie. Iino?aaeaeaea ianaeaiiy ?aaao? ianiaoeeo?/ieie neiioiiaie iaa?ioe/iiai oa?aeoa?o: niiaoecaoe?y, o?eaiaa, nioe?aeueia aeenooieoe?y. O?ce/ia naiiii/oooy oa ineo?/iee noai caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy aecia/athoueny aoaeoeai?noth ?aae?caoe?? caoenieo a?a??i?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a. Aeinoia??ii a??o? iieacieee caei?ia`y o ianaeaiiy ciie aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy a ii??aiyii? c ianaeaiiyi, ui i?iaeiaaeo? iaoeaoe a cii? iaia`yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy oa iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth. 7. Nioe?iaeieia?/ia na?aaeiaeua cii ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iaoiiaeth? ??aaiue nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae ??cieo i?ioan?eieo a?oi (e?nieee, iaoai?caoi?e, iaaee/i? i?aoe?aieee, i?aoe?aieee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa). I?enooi?noue iino?eii ae?th/iai noa`?eoeaiiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo a ?aa?iiao aeine?aeaeaiiy iineeth? aoaeo aieeao oaeoi??a ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua a ??cieo i?ioan?eieo a?oiao. Oea, ianaiia?aae, noino?oueny i?ioan?e c ineoiaiioe?eiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi. Iaea??o? iieacieee ineo?/iiai caei?ia`y niinoa??aathoueny na?aae iaaee/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a oa niaoe?ae?no?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. 8. Ineoiaiioe?eiee noai ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy (cie?aia o?eaiaei?noue) nooo?ai aieeaa? ia caeaoi?noue aaeaiooaaoeny aei iiaiai nioe?iaeieia?/iiai oa ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeu. Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue oi?ioaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e iao?c?ieia?/iiai oeio a?ae i?ioan?eii? iaeaaeiino? ianoaaeaieo oa ciie ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, a ye?e aiie i?iaeeaathoue. I?e oeueiio o?c?ieia?/i? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aaeaioaoe?ei? ?aaeoe?? ii?aeioaaeeny c iayai?noth ia?aaaaeii na?aaeiueiai oa aeua na?aaeiueiai ??aiy o?eaiae, oiae? ye iao?c?ieia?/i? aaeaioaoe?ei? ?aaeoe?? o ieo oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny ia?aaaaeii aenieei oa aeoaea aenieei ??aiai o?eaiae. 9. Anoaiiaeaii aeinoia??io ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie o /an? (aei ? i?ney aaa???, i?ae ia??iaeaie e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa???) oa ??aiai caoai?thaaiino? ANAe, a?ia?oii?/iith oai?iaith, ?oai?/iith oai?iaith na?oey oa ae?aceith oeoieo ? 12iaei? eeoee ianaeaiiy ciie aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy, a oaeiae aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino? i?ae ??aiyie caoai?thaaiino? a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio oa “/enoiio” ?aa?iiao. Anoaiiaeaii i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaee ca`ycie “?ioi?iaoe?eiee oaeoi?” – “caoai?thaai?noue” iicieia?/ieie oi?iaie, ye? iiaeooue aooe iaoiiaeai? ineoiaaiieie /eiieeaie. 10. A aaiac? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae, c?inoaii? aeine?aeaeoaaii? caoai?thaaiino? oa iioe?aiino? ineoieia?/iiai aeeno?ano ? iaeeo ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a, aeyaeaieo o ianaeaiiy, ii?yae c nioe?aeueieie oaeoi?aie cia/eia i?noea caeia? ??aaiue ni?eeiyooy ?aae?aoe?eiiai ?eceeo. I???ioaoe??, onoaiiaee oa iiaaae?iea ianaeaiiy, iai?aaeai? ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y, aecia/athoueny oyaeaiiyi i?i io?eiaio aeico ii?ii?iaiiy. 11. Ia aeiaaeie aaeeeiianooaaieo oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io, cie?aia ?aae?aoe?eieo aaa??e, c ii?ooaiiyi aeieia?/iiai oa nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai na?aaeiaeu, iaiao?aeiei ? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee iii?oi?eia iino?aaeaeaeeo, yeee aeicaieeoue ioe?ithaaoe a aeeiai?oe? noai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae oa aoaeoeai?noue i?eeiyoeo caoiae?a, iai?aaeaieo ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y ia ??cieo aoaiao i?neyaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo. 12. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia oa ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, iai?aaeaieo ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy a oiiaao oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io ?aae?aoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o. ?? neeaaeiaeie ?: iaoiaee/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiey oa iiaeaeue ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ??cieo eaoaai??e ianaeaiiy, i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aianaiiy ci?i aei i?aaiai? oa caeiiiaeaa/i? aac e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? oa noeioethaaiiy i???ioaoe?e ia naiino?eio aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue iino?aaeaeaeiai i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, ye? ai?iaaaeaeai? ia aea?aeaaiiio, a?aeii/iio oa ?aeiiiiio ??aiyo. Ia?ae?e iniiaieo iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua aniaeou aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN /A.?.Oaa?aiei, A.A.I?eeeiei, I.I.Eeoeaae/, A.O.Oi?aei – E., *i?iiaeeue?ioa??ioi?i, 1998. - 144 c. 2. I?eeeiei A.A.,Oa?aioe A.I. Nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea oaeoi?u // *a?iiaueueneay eaoano?ioa.-E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1995. – N. 409-411. 3. I?ee?iei A.A. Iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? iane?aeee aaa??? ia *AAN // Nioe?aeuei? iane?aeee *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe (?acoeueoaoe nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue 1986-1995 ??.). – Oa?e?a: Oie?i,1996. – N.165-176. 4. Nioeiaeueii-ineoieiai/ii aniaeoe eaoano?ioe / A.O.Oi?aii, A.?. Aieiae/, A.A.I?ee?iei, A.A.Iiiiae/, I.I.??iiia, TH.?.Na?iei, A.N.sseiae?a // *i?iiaeeuenueea eaoano?ioa.-E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1996. – N.145-151. 5. Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau oi?ie?iaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iiey e?oiiuo oaoiiaaiii-yeieiae/aneeo eaoano?io: Iaoiae. iiniaea // A.?.Oaa?aiei, A.A.I?eeeiei, I.I.Eeoeaae/, C.A.Aacaa?oay / I*N Oe?aeiu, Oeaio? nioe. yenia?oec e i?iaiicia Ei-oa nioeeie. IAI Oe?aeiu. – Eeaa, I*N Oe?aeiu, Oeaio? nioe. yenia?oec e i?iaiicia Ei-oa nioeeie. IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. – 105n. 6. Oa?aioe A.I., I?eeeiei A.A., Aaaeaiiaa A.E., Ieuaiei A.I.,.Aioo?eaiei E.A. Aeeiaieea caei?iauey ianaeaiey Eeaaneie, AEeoiie?neie, *a?ieaianeie iaeanoae e a.Eeaaa ii aeaiiui ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo o/?aaeaeaiee ca 1984-1988 aa. // I?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu: ?ani. iaaeaaae. na. / IC ONN?. - Eeaa,1988. – Aui.1. – N.160-166. 7. Oa?aioe A.I., Aonaeaoiaa I.A., I?eeeiei A.A. Iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee aeaoneie nia?oiinoe a iaeioi?uo ?aeiiao AEeoiie?neie, *a?ieaianeie e Eeaaneie iaeanoae // I?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu: ?ani. iaaeaaae. na. / IC Oe?aeiu; IOe?I AII Oe?aeiu. - Eeaa, 1989 - Aui.2.- N.84-88. 8. Oa?aioe A.I., I?eeeiei A.A., Aieiaei A.A. Naiiioeaiee ninoiyiey caei?iauey ianaeaieai, i?iaeeaathuei a ciia aeanoeiai ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai eiio?iey // I?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu: ?ani. iaaeaaae.na./ IC ONN?.– Eeaa , 1991. – Aui 3.–N.7-11. 9. Oa?aioe A.I., I?eeeiei A.A., Aieiaei A.A. Naiiioeaiea eae e?eoa?ee ninoiyiey caei?iauey ianaeaiey a oneiaeyo aicaeaenoaey iaeuo aeic eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey // I?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu: ?ani. iaaeaaae.na. / OIOe?I IC Oe?aeiu. – Eeaa. – 1992. – Aui. 4. –N. 94-97. 10. Oa?aioe A.I., I?eeeiei A.A. Caei?iauea - iaeei ec ii?aaeaeythueo oaeoi?ia iaoaie/aneie iea?aoeee ec ianaeaiiuo ioieoia ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai eiio?iey // I?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu: ?ani. iaaeaaae. na. / OIOe?I IC Oe?aeiu. – Eeaa, 1993. – Aui. ? 5.- N. 40-44. 11. Oa?aioe A.I., I?eeeiei A.A. I iaeioi?uo nioeeaeueii-aeaeaie/aneeo aniaeoao ia?aca aeecie ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai a ciia aeanoeiai ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai eiio?iey // Nioe. aeaeaia, i?aaiecaoeey cae?aaiio?aiaiey e enoi?ey iaaeeoeeiu: ?ani. iaaeaaae. na. / IC ONN?. - Aui. 22.- E., 1991. – N. 86-89. 12. Oa?aioe A.I., I?eeeiei A.A., Aeecithe E.Ae. Nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea oaeoi?u e naiiioeaiea ninoiyiey caei?iauey ianaeaieai a ciia aeanoeiai ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai eiio?iey iinea aaa?ee ia *AYN // Nioe. aeaeaia, i?aaiecaoeey cae?aaiio?aiaiey e enoi?ey iaaeeoeeiu: ?anioa.iaaeaaae.na. / IC ONN?. - Eeaa, 1992. - Aui. 23. - N. 104-107. 13. Oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ia?ae/iie iaaeeei-naieoa?iie iiiiuueth ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai ia caa?yciaiiuo oa??eoi?eyo // Nioe. aeaeaia, i?aaiecaoeey cae?aaiio?aiaiey e enoi?ey iaaeeoeeiu: ?anioa.iaaeaaae.na. / IC ONN?. - Eeaa, 1993. Aui. 24. - N.105-108. 14. I?ee?iei A.A., Oa?aioe A.I. ?ieue nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie caei?ia`y ia oa?eoi??yo, caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie // Nioeeaeueiay aeaeaia, i?aaiecaoeey cae?aaiio?aiaiey e enoi?ey iaaeeoeeiu: ?ani. iaaeaaae. na. / IC Oe?aeiu. – Eeaa, 1994. – Aui.25. – N.82-83. 15. I?ee?iei A.A. Iniaeeaino? a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia`y ia oe? canoinoaaiiy aeiciiaiaaeoth/eo ? nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a ia iino?aaeaeaeeo oa?eoi??yo // *i?iiaeeue ? nioe?oi. - E, 1997. – Aei. 3. - N. 103-118. 16. I?ee?iei A.A. Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee noai iioaioe?eieo i?a?aio?a, ui iaoeathoue ia oa?eoi??yo aacoiiaiiai oa aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy //*i?iiaeeue ? nioe?oi – E, 1998. –Aei. 4. - N. 161-174. 17. Na?iei TH.?., I?ee?iei A.A. Aenia?oii ioeiiee i?ioeano ia?anaeaiiy / Nioeiaeueii ianeiaeee *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe (?acoeueoaoe nioeiieiai/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue 1986-1995 ??.)- Oa?eia:Oieii, 1996. – N.123-140. 18. I?ee?iei A.A., Aacaa?oa C.A. Iaaeeei-nioeiaeueii aniaeoe ioaeieaoeie i?i ciio aiae/oaeaiiy o aio/eciyiie i?ani // I?iaeaie *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie aiae/oaeaiiy. -Ee?a,1996.- Aei.3.- N. 224-229. 19. 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Some social and psychological aspects of protective measures in connection with the consequences of the chernobyl catastrophe /Social and psychological factors of the Chernobyl aftermath: JSP2. - Robens Institute,1993. - Task 2, ?.40-47. 23. The influence of social and psychological factors in the management of contaminated territories / G. M. Rumyantseva, B.-M.Drottz-Sjoberg, P.T.Allen, H.V.Arkhangelscaya, A.I.Nyagu, L.A.Ageeva, V. Prilipko // The radiologikal consequences of the Chernobyl accident: proced of the first international conf. , Minsk, Belarus, 1996, 18-22 March 1996.-Luxembourg, 1996. P.- 443-452. 24. I?ee?iei A.A. Aecia/aiiy ?ie? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iane?aee?a oaoiiaaiii-aeieia?/ieo eaoano?io o oi?ioaaii? caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy (iaoeiaee iaeyae) // OI?AE. - 1997. - C. 1-7. 25. I?ee?iei A.A. Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? i?iaeaie ia?anaeaiiy // I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia. - 1997. - ?5-6. - N. - 86-91. 26. I?ee?iei A.A. 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Aieea eiiieaeno ai?iaaaeaeaieo caoiae?a ia naiiioe?ieo noaio caei?ia`y / IOe?I AII Oe?aie. - E., 1997. - 18 n. -Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 22.09.97, N 514-Oe97. Iioae?eiaaii a ?AE “Aeaiiiiaai? iaoeia? ?iaioe”, 1998, ?1, ?a/i 349. Iioae?eiaaii a a?ae?ia?ao?/iiio iieaae/eeo EIEII ?AI “Aeaiiie?iaaiiua iao/iua ?aaiou” 1998, ? 3? - 98, ?a/i io 20.01.98. 31. I?ee?iei A.A. Aei ieoaiiy i?i a?aenaeaiiy aeeoae?a c oa?eoi??? aacoiiaiiai (iaia`yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy. Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee noai iioaioe?eieo i?a?aio?a / Iaoe. oeaio? ?aae?aoe. iaae. AII Oe?a?ie - Ee?a, 1998. - 23 n. - A?ae?ia?. :7 iaca. - Oe?.- Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 25.08.98, ?378 – Oe98. Iioae?eiaaii a a?ae?ia?ao?/iiio iieaae/eeo I?AE, ?icae?e 2. “Aeaiiiiaai? ?oeiiene” 1998, ? 3 - 4, ?a/i 01. 32. Oa?aioe A.I., I?ee?iei A.A., Na?iei TH.?. Eiioeaioeiy nioeiieiai/iiai ?a?no?o inia, yei iino?aaeaeaee aianeiaeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe // I?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoe. yieaeaieieiaee iaae. iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN: Iaoa?eaeu iao/.eiio., Eeaa, 19-20 ieo. 1993 a.- E.,1993 .- N. 253-257. 33. Noaaeea A.A., I?ee?iei A.A.,Ea?aeaoai A.I. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy aaeaioaoeieieo ?aaeoeie i?aaiicio a caeaaeiinoi aiae oiia i?aoei oa aeieiai/ieo cii i?iaeeaaiiy // *a?iiaueue e caei?iauea ianaeaiey: Oac. aeiee., Eeaa, 25-26 ai?.1994a. – E., 1994. – N. 115-116. I?ee?iei A.A. A?a??i?/i? oa nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy caei?ia`y i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae aaa??? ia *AAN. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.02.01 - a?a??ia. - ?inoeooo iaaeeoeeie i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie. Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy eiia?iiaaii? ae?? nioe?aeueieo oa a?a??i?/ieo oaeoi??a, iaoiiaeaieo iane?aeeaie aaa???. Anoaiiaeaia caeiiii??i?noue oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii?, o?ce/ii? oa ineo?/ii? eiiiiiaio caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy a?ae nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a oa ca`ycee i?ae ??aiai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae ianaeaiiy ? caeaoi?noth aaeaiooaaoeny aei nioe?iaeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua c a?aooaaiiyi i?ioan?eii? iaeaaeiino? ie?aieo a?oi, ciie ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. Iaa?oioiaaia eiioeaioe?y uiaei oi?ioaaiiy caoai?thaaiino? iino?aaeaeaeiai ianaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae ?ioi?ioaaiiy ianaeaiiy, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe?, iai?aaeai? ia i?i?i?caoe?th iane?aee?a aaa???, ciaeoee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a onoaiiaao I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia`y oa iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e Oe?a?ie. Prilipko V.A. Hygienic and social factors of forming health of able-bodied population in distant period after accident on ChNPS. - Manuscript. Thesis for a doctor`s degree by speciality 14.02.01 - hygiena. - Institute of Labour Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the problem of prevention negative consequences of possible radiation accidents to population`s health. This question has been decided on the basis of study combine influence of social and hygienic factors, which were stipulated by consequences of Chernobyl Accident. Conformity of forming social, physical and mental components of population`s health from social factors and connection between social-mental tension of population and ability to adopt for socioecological environment with due regard for professional belonging of separate groups zone of radiation contamination were established. Conception of risk in forming prevalence of disease among suffered population is submitted; methodical basis of information to population, recomendation for receiving of administrative decision were ellaborated. Main results of this work, which were directed for minimization of consequences of Accident on nuclear power station have found inculcation in institutions of Ministry of public Health and Ministry of extra ordinary situations of Ukraine. I?eeeiei A.A. Aeaeaie/aneea e nioeeaeueiua oaeoi?u oi?ie?iaaiey caei?iauey o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey a ioaeaeaiiue ia?eiae aaa?ee ia *AYN. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.01 – aeaeaia. – Einoeooo iaaeeoeeiu o?oaea AII Oe?aeiu Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey ni/aoaiiiai aicaeaenoaey nioeeaeueiuo e aeaeaie/aneeo oaeoi?ia, iaoneiaeaiiuo iineaaenoaeyie aaa?ee. A iae ?acaeaaaony iiaia iai?aaeaiea - nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneee iiieoi?eia, eae ninoaaeythuay iaaeeoeeineeo iineaaenoaee oaoiiaaiii-yeieiae/aneeo eaoano?io ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai oa?aeoa?a. Eiiieaeniia nioeeaeueii-aeaeaie/aneia enneaaeiaaiea iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue i?ei?eoaoiinoue aeaeaie/aneeo e nioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia, iaoneiaeaiiuo iineaaenoaeyie aaa?ee ia *AYN, a oi?ie?iaaiee caei?iauey ianaeaiey, eioi?ia i?iaeeaaao a ciiao iaycaoaeueiiai e aa?aioe?iaaiiiai ionaeaiey, iiauoaiiiai ?aaeeiyeieiae/aneiai eiio?iey e ia?anaeaiiiai a “/enoue” ?aaeii. Onoaiiaeaiu i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiua nayce iaaeaeo aeaenoaeai nioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia e naiiioeaieaie ninoiyiey caei?iauey, ineoe/aneei ninoiyieai, caaieaaaaiinoueth ioaeaeueiuie iicieiae/aneeie oi?iaie. I?iaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea ninoaaeythueo caei?iauey o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey, a oii /enea ioaeaeueiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo a?oii, eioi?ua i?iaeeaatho a ?acee/iuo ii o?iaith ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caa?yciaiey ciiao e ia?anaeaiiiai a “/enoua” ?aaeiiu. Onoaiiaeaia caeiiiia?iinoue oi?ie?iaaiey nioeeaeueiie, oece/aneie e ineoe/aneie eiiiiiaio caei?iauey ianaeaiey io nioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia, iaoneiaeaiiuo aaa?eae. Ii?aaeaeaia ?ieue eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey, ea/anoaa, ooieoeee e yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee a oi?ie?iaaiee nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneie iai?yaeaiiinoe e caei?iauey ianaeaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?eaioaoeee, onoaiiaee e iiaaaeaiea ianaeaiey, eioi?ia i?iaeeaaao a ciiao iaycaoaeueiiai e aa?aioe?iaaiiiai ionaeaiey, iai?aaeaiiua ia nio?aiaiea ninoiyiey caei?iauey, ii?aaeaeythony i?aaenoaaeaieai i iieo/aiiie aeica iaeo/aiey a iiiaio aaa?ee e a iineaaaa?eeiue ia?eiae. Aiaae?aiiue ia ?aaeeaoeeiiii caa?yciaiiuo oa??eoi?eyo eiiieaen aeiciia?aie/eaathueo e nioeeaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee, ia?yaeo n iieiaeeoaeueiuie iineaaenoaeyie eiae ?yae io?eoeaoaeueiuo, /oi iiaeeyei ia nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneoth aaeaioaoeeth iino?aaeaaoeo. Ninoiyiea caei?iauey ia?anaeaioeaa iaoneiaeaii iauaeoeaiuie e noauaeoeaiuie oaeoi?aie i?ioeanna ia?anaeaiey. Aaaeouei yaeyaony oaeoi? a?aiaie (aiae) ionaeaiey ec ?aaeeaoeeiiii caa?yciaiiuo oa??eoi?ee, eioi?ue naycai n yeiiiie/aneeie e nioeeaeueiuie oneiaeyie a no?aia, ianniaie iaaino?aaiaaiiinoueth ia?anaeaioeaa ia iiauo ianoao iinaeaiey. Aeey ia?anaeaioeaa oa?aeoa?iu i?eciaee ineoieiae/aneiai aeeno?anna e iaeuo ineoe/aneeo ?anno?ienoa. Eiaeaen caei?iauey ia?anaeaioeaa, ii aeaiiui naiiioeaiie, aeinoiaa?ii ieaea, /ai o ianaeaiey, eioi?ia i?iaeeaaao ia ?aaeeaoeeiiii caa?yciaiiuo e “/enouo” oa??eoi?eyo. Onoaiiaeaia naycue iaaeaeo o?iaiai nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneie iai?yaeaiiinoe ianaeaiey e niiniaiinoueth aaeaioe?iaaoueny e nioeeiyeieiae/aneie n?aaea n o/aoii i?ioanneiiaeueiie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe ioaeaeueiuo a?oii. Ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iainiiaaia eiioeaioeey oi?ie?iaaiey caaieaaaaiinoe iino?aaeaaoaai o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey, eioi?ia i?iaeeaaao ia ?aaeeaoeeiiii caa?yciaiiuo oa??eoi?eyo, iaoneiaeaiiay aicaeaenoaeai aeaeaie/aneeo e nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia. ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee, iai?aaeaiiay ia nio?aiaiea caei?iauey o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey a oneiaeyo oaoiiaaiii-yeieiae/aneeo eaoano?io ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai oa?aeoa?a, eioi?ay niaea?aeeo iaoiaee/aneea iniiau oi?ie?iaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iiey, iiaeaeue-noaio eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey ?acee/iuo eaoaai?ee ianaeaiey, e?eoa?ee ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey, i?aaeeiaeaiey ii aianaieth eciaiaiee a aeaenoaothuoth i?aaiaoth e caeiiiaeaoaeueioth aacu eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee, iai?aaeaiiua ia noeioee?iaaiea i?eaioaoeee ia naiinoiyoaeueioth aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue iino?aaeaaoaai o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou, iai?aaeaiiua ia ieieiecaoeeth iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN, iaoee i?eiaiaiea a o/?aaeaeaieyo Ieienoa?noaa cae?aaiio?aiaiey e Ieienoa?noaa ii /?acau/aeiui neooaoeeyi Oe?aeiu.

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