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Гігієнічні основи охорони навколишнього середовища і здоров’я населення в умовах сумісного використання пестицидів і органо-мінеральних добрив у сільс

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Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio?

Aaoeoeao Ieeiea Iaaeiae/

?iaeaen OAeE 614.7: 614.2:631.8:632. 95

A?A??I?*I? INIIAE IOI?IIE IAAEIEEOIUeIAI NA?AAeIAEUA

? CAeI?IA’ss IANAEAIIss A OIIAAO NOI?NIIAI AEEI?ENOAIIss

IANOEOeEAe?A ? I?AAII-I?IA?AEUeIEO AeIA?EA O

N?EUeNUeEIIO AINIIAeA?NOA?

14. 02.01 – a?a??ia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia a IAe? caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i.
I.I.Ia?ca?aa I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ieiiia Ay/aneaa Ieaenaiae?iae/, IAe?
caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i. I.I.Ia?ca?aa IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/ee eaai?aoi???th

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aeia Aaneeue Aaa?eeiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeaiei Aaeaioei A?eai?iae/, ?inoeooo
iaaeeoeeie i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee eaai?aoi???th;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Niaa ?iiai THoeiiae/, ?inoeooo aeia?a??ie ?
oieneeieia?? ?i. E.?.Iaaeaaaey IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

?i. I. E.Ooieea, eaoaae?a a?a??ie ? aeieia?? ethaeeie, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.
Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 14 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 1000 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.604.01 i?e
Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiaiio a?a??i?/iiio oeaio?? IIC Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
253660, Ee?a-94, aoe.Iiioae?aiea, 50

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o: i. Ee?a, aoe. Iiioae?aiea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 31 ” aa?aciy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Naeaciueia A. TH.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Canoinoaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, iniaeeai i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii?
?ioaineaieo oaoiieia?e, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny c?inoaiiyi ?o ia’?i?a ?
ani?oeiaio?a. Aiie, a ia?oo /a?ao, aeeeeeathoue i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineeiieoeoaa, oaa?eiieoeoaa ? ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a, a,
a ae?oao /a?ao, i?ecaiaeyoue aei caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua (E. A.THaeaiiaa, 1989; Ae. A.Ei?aiueeiaa, 1990;
A.A.Aeaaiaethe oa ?i., 1992).

I?eeiyoee 2 aa?aciy 1995 ?. caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i ianoeoeeaee ?
aa?io?i?eaoe” iinooeth? oa, ui iaeaieiai?oei i?eioeeiii aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee a oe?e iaeano? ? i??i?eoao ia aeiiii?/ieo ia?aaaa o?i?caoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a ioi?iia i?e?iaeiiai
aeiae?eey ? caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy (E. N. Iae?aniaa, 1998).

Iioae?eiaai? ?iaioe iieacaee i?aaii??i?noue caeii?a a?a??ie i?i
aeaea?aea ? ?oo?eio neeo ai?aeai?/iiai i?ioeano, ?ic?iaeaieo
(?.A.Aii/a?oe, TH.?.Eoiae??a, A.A.Aa?aeia oa ?i., 1995) ? canoiniaaieo
aei ianoeoeeae?a (A. A. Ea/eineee, 1994). ?ic?ea aoaeue-yei? eaiee
eaioethaa “aa?io?i?eaoe – aeiae?eey – caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy” i?ecaaaea
aei cieaeaiiy aai e?ea?aeaoe?? ai?aeai?/iiai i?ioeano. Oiio ioe?ieo
no/aniiai noaio ? iiaeaeueoeo a?a??i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaiao?aeii
i?iaiaeeoe c o?aooaaiiyi on?o eaiie oeueiai eaioethaa (A. I. Na?aethe,
1996).

Aea/aiiy oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ianoeoeeae?a ? aeia?ea ye
iiaeeeaeo aeaea?ae ai?aeai?/iiai i?ioeano i?iaiaeeeiny a iniiaiiio i?e
?cieueiaai?e ae?? eiaeiiai oaeoi?o (I.I.Aioiiiae/, A.A.Aieioiee,
A.N.Ao?ee oa ?i., 1988, TH.N. Eaaai, TH.?.Eoiae??a, I.O.Iiooceinueeee,
1990; I.A.Aieiuaiei, A.ss.*aa?eiaoeue, I.I.Aaoeoeao oa ?i., 1991; ?.?.
Nieio oa ?i., 1998).

C a?a??i?/ieo iiceoe?e iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue ieoaiiy aea/aiiy
nooiaiy eiiieaeniiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo ? noi?aeieo c iei na?aaeiaeu
ianoeoeeaeaie, i?ia?aeueieie ? i?aai?/ieie aeia?eaaie (IIIAe) ?
iaoai?cie ?ioaineaiino? naiii/euaiiy eiai a?ae aeacaieo aaaio?a.

Cia/iee aianie a caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo neeaaeathoue i?aai?/i? aeia?eaa,
iniaeeai a?aeoiaee oaa?eiieoeueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia i?iieneia?e iniia?
(I.I. Iieiaoeaa, 1986; A.I.I?ieiiia oa ?i., 1993; A.E.Aaoaeian, 1998).
Oea, cie?aia, aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoeo aeeaieeo a?a??i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
iaoith iiooeo a?eueo aoaeoeaieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo niinia?a i?aeaioiaee
??aeeiai aiith ? eiai o?aeoe?e, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

?acii c oei, ieoaiiy i?i aieea ia noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy aeae?eueeio
a?oi o?i?/ieo cania?a caoenoo ?ineei (OCC?), i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo
aeia?ea, ui aiaeii/an iaaeoiaeyoue a aeiae?eey, ye o?aouei? caeeth/ii?
eaiee ai?aeai?/iiai eaioethaa, aein? iaei aea/aia (A.A. Oeaiei, 1981;
A.I. Na?aethe, ss.E.Caeiyoeeianueeee, I. A. Aa?aeiee, 1996).

A oeueiio aniaeo? ? aeioe?eueiei aea/aiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy anueiai
ai?aeai?/iiai eaioethaa “ianoeoeeaee, aa?io?i?eaoe – aeiae?eey –
caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy” i?e ia?niaeoeaiiio noi?niiio canoinoaaii? OCC? ?
i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?.

A nenoai? i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a ii ai?iouea? c caa?oaeiaiiyi
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aaeeea cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny ?aaeaiaiooaaiith
noia?ieo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue (OI) aa?io?i?eao?a.
Cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? 5 ea/aa (AIIC, 1990), 4 ea/aa (A.I.
Aaneeue?a oa ?i., 1989; I.O. Iiooceinueeee, A.?. Iieue/aiei, A.A.
Ea/einueeee, 1993) a iniiaiiio noinothoueny eeoa ianoeoeeae?a. A oiiaao
ni?eueiiai canoinoaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? IIIAe iaiao?aeia
niaoe?aeueia ?ic?iaea ? iaa?oiooaaiiy c oi/ee ci?o eiia?iiaaiiai aieeao
ia caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue oeeo
aa?io?i?eao?a.

E??i oiai, aeieea? ieoaiiy i?i iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie a?a??i?/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? aeia?ea, ioi?ii?
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy, iniaeeai a ?aa?iiao
?ioaineaiiai aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa i?noeoue iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeiiai? o a?aeiia?aeiino?
c iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeie, aea?aeaaieie, aaeocaaeie
i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? caaaeaiiyie ii 14 IAe? EIAe?CEA ?i. I.I.Ia?ca?aa
OIAOe (?? Aea?ae?a?no?aoe??: 73066943, 77025453, 78072211, 76032785,
80017631, 81004985, 81004991, 0.182.4054003, 01860012673,
01.86.0012.676, 01.860012670, 01.8.80.088689, A 01002622 ?,
ainiaeiaia?? 450).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy caeeth/aeanue a
iaoeia?e ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aacia/iiai
aeey caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy ? aeiae?eey canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno
ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aaaaeaee aeioe?eueiei ae??oaiiy ne?aeoth/eo
caaea/:

– aeaoe a?a??i?/io ioe?ieo no/anieo iaoiae?a i?aeaioiaee iniiaieo
i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea – a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa, ui ooee?cothoueny a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, a oaeiae iaa?oiooaaoe aacia/i? oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy n?eueainieoeueoo? a oiiaao aaaaoii?eueii? n?aici?ie i?e
noi?niiio aeei?enoaii? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ianoeoeeae?a ?
aa?io?i?eao?a;

– ioe?ieoe c a?a??i?/ieo iiceoe?e ??ai? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?ia?aae??io?a
aeia?ea ? ianoeoeeae?a o aeiae?eey ? i?iaeoeoe ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy a
oiiaao ??cii? ?ioaineaiino? aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa;

– anoaiiaeoe ??aaiue niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae, iniaeeai a
?aeiiao ?ioaineaiiai canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ?
i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea, ? aecia/eoe aeeaae eiaeiiai c oeeo oaeoi??a a noai
caei?ia’y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy;

– iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, aeeth/ath/e
aeiionoei? ??ai? oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a,
i?ia?aeueieo oa i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?e noi?niiio aeei?enoaii? ?o, aeey
iniiaieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie c o?aooaaiiyi ioi?iie
aeiae?eey oa caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

– iaa?oioiaai? a?a??i?/i? e?eoa??? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaoiae?a
i?aeaioiaee a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa (i?aei?e?inoa A?O ?
naeiieiiieaen?a) i?e aeei?enoaii? ?o ye i?aai?/iiai aeia?eaa a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

– aia?oa aeaia eiiieaenia a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ? noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy a oiiaao noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy
OCC?, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

– anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? ? iniiai? caeiiii??iino? (iaaaioaaeaiiy – /an
– aoaeo) ni?iiiaeiino? a?oioo aei naiii/euaiiy, i?a?aoe?? a a?oioia?
aiaee ? o?aineieaoe?? a ?ineeie ?ia?aae??io?a IIIAe i?e ??cieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ? a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao;

– iaa?oioiaai? iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeai? iieacieee aeey ioe?iee
nai?oa?iiai noaio a?oioo a oiiaao ni?eueiiai canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a
? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea;

– aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?iaoea?a
oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a o a?oio? c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o aieeao ia caoai?thaai?noue ianaeaiiy;

– aia?oa cai?iiiiiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo
i?ae ??aiai oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a ? aeia?ea ?
iieacieeaie caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy;

– aia?oa aeeiiaiee i?iaiic (ia 2010 ?.) caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai
ianaeaiiy a ?aeiiao ?ioaineaii? o?i?caoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa c
o?aooaaiiyi oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue eiiieaeno ianoeoeeae?a ?
i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ui ieaiothoueny.

Aieiaia a?aei?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a a?ae a?aeiieo ?ai?oa
(A.E.Aaoaeian, 1981, 1998; I.I.Iieiaoeaa, 1986; I.O.Iiooceinueeee,
A.?.Iieue/aiei, A.A.Ea/einueeee, 1993; N.A.Oa?aaa?iaa, 1996 oa ?i.)
iieyaa? a a?a??i?/i?e ioe?ioe? ia ?cieueiaaiiai, a noi?niiai
aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea oa ?o
eiiieaeniiai aieeao ia caei?ia’y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, a
oaeiae ?ic?iaoe? a?a??i?/ieo caoiae?a, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aia?oa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

– iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaea?eueo i?eeiyoi? c a?a??i?/ieo iiceoe?e
oaoiieia?? ia?iaee oa aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a i?aeaioiaeaieo
a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa (i?aei?e?inoa A?O ? naeiieiiieaen?a), a oaeiae
eiia?iaoe?e ?o c i?iaeia?eaaie aeey ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii
Oe?a?ie;

– aecia/ai? ia’?eoe iaia’yceiaiai iaaeyaeo i?e aeei?enoaii? a?aeoiae?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa ye i?aai?/iiai aeia?eaa, ui aeeth/athoue eiio?ieue ca
ye?noth ??aeeiai aiith (?A) ? ?iaioith nii?oae ii iiia?aaei?e eiai
i?aeaioiaoe?, nai?oa?iei noaiii a?oioo ? a?oioiaeo aiae, ye?noth
ae?iuaii? i?iaeoeoe??;

– aia?oa anoaiiaeai? aeey a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie
e?eoa??aeuei? ??ai? oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a,
i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?e ?o noi?niiio aeei?enoaii? ia
n?eueainioa?aeaeyo, ui ia i?ecaiaeyoue aei ae?aaeaii? ci?ie yeino?
aeiae?eey ? i?aeaeuaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ethaeae a ?aa?iiao ?o
canoinoaaiiy;

– aia?oa iaa?oioiaai? a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iiia?aaeaeaiiy
aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao ia aeiae?eey ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy ?icae?eueiiai
? noi?niiai aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ciaeoee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
ae?yeueiino? ?aeiieo ? iaeanieo naiai?aenoaioe?e oa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, cie?aia ??aiainueei?,
Iaeanueei?, Caea?iaonueei?, Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?, Ee?anueei? oa ?ioeo
iaeanoae ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a on?o aac aeiyoeo iaeanoyo e?a?ie.
E??i oiai, iao? a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei canoinoaaiiy
aa?io?i?eao?a oa oaoiieia?e ?o i?aeaioiaee ai?iaaaeaeai? ia
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aacao ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI, Oe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? noaioe?? c?ioaiiy no?/ieie aiaeaie (oeaio?aeueia
eaai?aoi??y ?inoeoooo a?ae?ioaoi?ee ? iae?i?aoe?? OAAI), ia’?aeiaiiy
“Oe?IAe?aa?ii?iaeo” oa ?i., a oaeiae aeei?enoai? a ?o iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
?iaio?. C o?aooaaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo iaie oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue
aa?io?i?eao?a oa ?ioeo caoiae?a, iai?eeeaae, a ainiiaea?noaao
Iaoo?anueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano? caaaeueiee oaeoe/iee ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaeaa o ??ci? ?iee a?ae 110 aei 184 e?a./aa.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaioiaeaii 24 aeieoiaioe, a o. /. 3
nai?oa?ieo ii?i ? i?aaee, 6 aoae?aaeueieo ii?i, 1 ?ino?oeoe?y, 12
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? aeac?aie oa 2 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoe. O oiio
/ene?:

Naieoa?iua i?aaeea o?ainii?oe?iaaiey, o?aiaiey e i?eiaiaiey
ianoeoeeaeia a ia?iaeiii oicyenoaa: NI ?6038-91: Ooa. Ae.ainoae.nai.a?a/
NNN? 12 iiya?y 1991 a./ Ieicae?aa NNN?. – I., 1991. – 114n.

Aea?aeaai? aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie Oe?a?ie. Aaia?aeuei? ieaie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa: AeAI A.2.4-3-95: Aaiaeyoueny
aia?oa/ Aea?aeeiii?noiaoaeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie. – E., 1995. – 57 n.

Aea?aeaai? nai?oa?i? i?aaeea ieaioaaiiy oa caaoaeiae ianaeaieo ioieo?a:
Ca?a?no?iaaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii a I?i?noa?noa? thnoeoe?? Oe?a?ie
24.07.1996 ?. ?379/1404 ? caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii IIC Oe?a?ie a?ae
19.06.1996 ?. ?173. – E., 1996. – 87 n.

Aea?aeaai? aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie Oe?a?ie. Ieaioaaiiy oa caaoaeiaa
n?euenueeeo iinaeaiue. Ieaioaaiiy ? caaoaeiaa iaeeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo)
ainiiaea?noa: AeAI A.2.4-4-97: Aaiaeyoueny aia?oa/
Aea?aeeiii?noiaoaeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie. – E., 1997. – 27 n.

Aea?aeaai? aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie Oe?a?ie. Aoaeeiee ? nii?oaee. Aoae?ae? ?
nii?oaee aeey caa??aaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa cania?a caoenoo ?ineei:
AeAI A.2.2-7-98: Caoaa?aeaeai? iaeacii Aea?aeaoaeo Oe?a?ie a?ae 18.02.98
?. ?41 ? aaaaeai? a ae?th c 01.07.98 ?./ Aea?aeaoae Oe?a?ie. – E., 1998.
– 14 n.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a i?aai?caoe?? ? aaciina?aaeiueiio
aeeiiaii? aeine?aeaeaiue ca an?ia ?icae?eaie aeena?oaoe??, o oi?ioaaii?
iaoe, caaea/ ? i?ia?ai aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aii? iai?yieo, ianya?a ?
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii? aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaii?
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ye a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai aeeiiaaoey ?
ea??aieea IAe?.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a uiaei
iiia?aaeaeaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua a?aeoiaeaie
oaa?eiieoeoaa, i?iaeia?eaaie ? ianoeoeeaeaie a oiiaao ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo oaoiieia?e o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ? aio?iiiaaiiiai
aieeao ia caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??aeuei? ??ai?
OI IIIAe aeey ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie, aecia/aiee
aeeaae eiaeiiai c oaeoi??a (ianoeoeeaee, i?ia?aeuei? ? i?aai?/i?
aeia?eaa) o caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae, c?iaeaiee i?iaiic caoai?thaaiino?
aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ia iaeaeeae/o ia?niaeoeao. A ni?eueieo
iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao caeiaoaa/o iaeaaeeoue a?eueoa 80 % ?aeae ?
?ic?iaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia 60 iaoeiaeo ? i?aeoe/ieo
c?a?aiiyo, o o./. ia 4 c’?caeao a?a??i?no?a Oe?a?ie, ia 24
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ia 23 nai?ia?ao ? 9 ia?aaeao ?
can?aeaiiyo. O oiio /ene?: O ? OII c’?caee a?a??i?no?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
15-16 aeiaoiy 1981 ?.; Iaeana, 2-5 aeiaoiy 1991 ?.); Abstracts of the
papers and posters presented at the Sixth International Conference on
the Combined Effects of Environmental Factors ICCEF 94 (September 25-28,
1994. – Toyama, Japan); Conference and Worlshop on Host Factors in
Environmental Epidemiology Cracow (June 11-14, 1995); ?aaea ?a?iie,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aeieia?/iee oeaio? Oe?a?ie “O?aai?ciaaia iaaeieeoi?
na?aaeiaeua: ioi?iia i?e?iaee oa caei?ia’y ethaeeie” (Ee?a, 1996 ?.);
I?aeia?iaeiee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee nai?ia? Oe?a?ia-NOA “I?iaeo ii
oaeineiiaeaiith i?aeoeee aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoeeae?a” (Ee?a, 1-3 ea?oiy
1998 ?.); Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeia?a??ie
? oieneeieia??” (Ee?a, 28-29 o?aaiy 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 57 ?iaioao, o o.
/. 10 naiino?eieo ? 47 o ni?aaaoi?noa?. Ca aeaeaie ioae?eaoe??
?iciiae?eyeeny: 1 iiiia?ao?y, 1 a?ioo?a, 28 noaoae o aeo?iaeao ?
ca??ieeao, 27 oac aeiiia?aeae, a o./. 4 o ca?oa?aeieo aeaeaiiyo. 10
naiino?eieo ioae?eaoe?e neeaaeathoue: 1 a?ioo?a, 8 noaoae a aeo?iaeao ?
ca??eao, 1 oace aeiiia?ae?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 321
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, c ieo 220 noi?. oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 8 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ocaaaeueiaiiy,
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, aeniiae?a ? 36 aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeth/a? 58
oaaeeoeue ? 43 ?enoiee. Ianya oaaeeoeue, ?enoie?a ? aeiaeaoe?a neeaaea?
131 noi??ieo. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee ia? 314 a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

I?ia?aia, ia’?eoe, iaoiaee ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iaoe ? caaea/, ui aeieeaathoue c ia?, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee a
iaoo?ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao ca 4 iniiaieie iai?yieaie:

1. Aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo aeaea?ae caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey eiiieaenii
ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei aoee
i?iaiae?ciaai? iaoa??aee uiaei ??ai?a ? ani?oeiaio?a IIIAe, ui
canoiniaoaaeenue, ca aeaaaeoeyoei’yoe??/iee ia??iae a Oe?a?i? ? ??
o?ueio a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao (Iie?nny, E?ninoai ? Noai).

A?aoiaoth/e ??ciiiai?oio i?aeaioiaeo oaa?eiieoeueeeo a?aeoiae?a (?OA,
OOA, ioe) ia naeia?nueeeo eiiieaenao ? ainiiaea?noaao A?O ia
i?iieneia?e iniia?, i?aaenoaaeyeiny aeioe?eueiei ioe?ieoe ye?niee
neeaae ? nooi?iue i/enoee a?aeoiae?a ia ooo/ieo nii?oaeao a aniaeo?
ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

2. A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea noaio aeiae?eey a oiiaao noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy
IIIAe a n?eueainiae?iaieoeoa?. O ca’yceo c oeei a 4-o aaciaeo iaeanoyo
(??aiainueea, *a?eanueea, Iaeanueea ? Caea?iaonueea) Oe?a?ie a
aeine?aeieo ? eiio?ieueieo ciiao c ??cieie OI IIIAe, a oaeiae o aeaio
iaeanoyo (Ee?anueea, Aei?i?iiao?ianueea) c oe?ieei canoinoaaiiyi o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa (?OA, OOA, inaae ?
?i.) i?iaiaeeeanue a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
(a?oio, aiaei? aeaea?aea, iia?o?y) ? ?ineei.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii?
neeaaeaee: ianoeoeeae?a 3.865 ea/aa, ani?oeiaioiee ?iaeaen (A?) – 4.667,
i?iaeia?ea – 104.9 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea – 17.0 o/aa; a
eiio?ieuei?e cii? – a?aeiia?aeii 2.25 ea/aa, 3.07, 80.4 ea/aa ? 6.6
o/aa. O ??aiainuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? OI ianoeoeeae?a
aei??aithaaee 6.096 ea/aa, A? ?o – 8.136, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea – 278
ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea – 12.1 o/ aa; a eiio?ieuei?e cii? –
a?aeiia?aeii 1.267 ea/aa, 1.755, 197 ea/aa ? 8.8 o/aa. A Iaeanuee?e
iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? OI ianoeoeeae?a neeaaeaee – 6.328 ea/aa, A?
?o – 7.34, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea – 110 ea/ aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea – 9.6
o/aa; a eiio?ieuei?e cii? – a?aeiia?aeii 2.89 ea/aa, 3.533, 77 ea/aa ?
3.7 o/aa. A Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? OI ianoeoeeae?a
canoiniaoaaee c ?ic?aooieo 7.1 ea/aa, A? ?o – 8.98, i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea – 401 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea – 14.4 o/aa; a eiio?ieuei?e
cii? – a?aeiia?aeii 5.2 ea/aa, 6.58, 281ea/aa ? 11.8 o/aa.

C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy aaciaee iaaaioaaeaiue IIIAe, ui ?aeiiaiaeothoueny
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noao, aoa i?iaaaeaiee o?ii?/iee
nai?oa?ii-oieneeieia?/iee aenia?eiaio ia a?eeo uo?ao, ye? ii?aeaee
ca?ii y/iaith, ae?iuaiiai ia ae?eyieao i?e cae/aei?e ? ?ioaineai?e
oaoiieia?yo ae?iuoaaiiy aeuacaaaeaii? eoeueoo?e.

3. Aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a ??cieo iaeanoyo
(??aiainueea,*a?eanueea, Iaeanueea, Caea?iaonueea) iniiaieo
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie ca iaoa??aeaie caa?oaiiy aei
iie?ee?i?ee cae?enithaaeiny ca iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
AIAe?A?IOIENA ? IAe?CEA ?i. I.I. Ia?ca?aa (I?ia?aia N. 10, 1984, 1985 ?
Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, 1985).

Ca?aeii iaeaco ii IIC O?N? ?379 a?ae 05.06. 85?. “I?i i?iaaaeaiiy ca
?aeeiith i?ia?aiith aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao ianoeoeeae?a ? ?aaoeyoi??a
?inoo ?ineei ia noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy” o aeeiiaii? oe??? i?ia?aie
Ee?anueeee IAe? caaaeueii? ? eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie aoa i?ecia/aiee
i?ia?aeiith onoaiiaith a O?N?, a?aeiia?aeaeueiei ca i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, ui iaaeoiaeeee a?ae
aeeiiaaoe?a. A oeae aea iai?yiie aoiaeeee iaoiaeeee ii iiaeaethaaiith
noaio aeiae?eey ? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae ia ia?niaeoeao. Aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae i?e ?icae?euei?e ae?? OI
IIIAe aeei?enoiaoaaeany iaeiioaeoi?ia e?i?eia ?aa?an?eia ooieoe?y. Aeey
iienaiiy i?iaiiciaaii? caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy i?e ni?euei?e
ae?? IIIAe aoea canoiniaaia iiaeaeue iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an??.

4. ?ic?iaea ? iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.
??oaiiy oeueiai iai?yieo iieyaaei a ?ic?iaoe? ? iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii?
a?a??i?/ieo ?aaeaiaio?a i?e ?icae?eueiiio ? noi?niiio canoinoaaii? OI
ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a, ui ia aeeeeeathoue ?noioiiai i?aeaeuaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a, a oaeiae caa?oaeiaiiy
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeaiia iaoiaeaie (a?aoi-aiae?oe/iei ?
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy) anoaiiaethaaeenue ca 10 eeanaie oai?ia
ii?iaia? ? i?aeii?iaia? OI IIIAe, ui ia aeeeeeaee ?noioiiai c?inoaiiy
caoai?thaaiino?. C /enea i?aeii?iaiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue IIIAe aeae?aeany
e?i?ooth/a iciaea oe?aeeeaino?, i?aaenoaaeaia eeanii oai?ia c iaeiaioei
??aiai caoai?thaaiino?, ui ia ci?ith?oueny a?ae aeaii? OI IIIAe.
Aaee/eia oaei? e?i?ooth/i? iciaee oe?aeeeaino? aoea e?eoa??aeueiei
??aiai OI IIIAe, oiaoi a?aie/ii aeiionoeiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi eiiieaeno
ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea.

I?i ianya ? oa?aeoa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia noaeeoe ii
e?eueeino? aeeiiaieo aiae?c?a o ??cieo ia’?eoao aeiae?eey, iaaaaeaieo a
oaae. 1.

Caaaeueia e?euee?noue aeeiiaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeoiae?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa, a?oioo, ?ineei ? aiaee aeinyaaea 8425.
Oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (aenia?eiaio ia oaa?eiao)
aeeth/aee 3990 o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aiae?c?a. I?e aea/aii? caoai?thaaiino? ca
caa?oaiiyi ca iaaee/iith aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaii 5807 ea?o,
i?iaiae?ciaaii 69172 aecia/aiiy a?aeii/eo neoaea ii oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
noaio iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ??cieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Ia’?i ? oa?aeoa?enoeea aeine?aeaeaiue.

E?euee?noue aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiueIa’?eoe ? oa?aeoa?AnueiaiC ieo ca
iieacieeaieaeine?aeaeaiueO?ceei-o?i?/i?aaeuei?ioieia?/i?
i?e?ia?ieia?/i?A?aeoiaee oaa?eiieoeoaa (?OA, OOA,
ioe)25282056271201A?oio39503368313269?ineeie10721072–Aiaea97584134-Anue
iai84257337618470

A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?aeaioiaee a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeueeeo
eiiieaen?a aei ?o aeei?enoaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Ia
naeiieiiieaenao, ?ic?aoiaaieo ia ai?no 108 oen. aie?a ia ??e, i?eeiyoa
oaoiieia?/ia e?i?y ?oae?enueei? o??ie Aeae?-A-Aeae?. Aea/aia
aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee a?aeoiae?a ia 4-o naeiieiiieaenao
(Aiinoie?anueeee, Eaeeoyinueeee, Oaeaa??nueeee, Caaaae?anueeee),
iai?aae?iaie/?e onoaiiaoe? E?A? ? eiiieaen? A?O (Iaoo?anueeee).

Aeaionooiaiaaa a?ieia?/ia i/enoea oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany iecueeith
aoaeoeai?noth: ai?no caaeneeo ?a/iaei aeinyaaa 5700 ia/aei3, ai?a/iiai
acioo – 228 ia/aei3, aeniea ieenethaai?noue – aei 350 iaI2/aei3 ? ANE5 –
aei 544 iaI2/aei3, aenieee ?iaeaen AAEI – aei 27.8109, iayai?noue a
ie?aieo c?aceao noieo iaoiaaiieo aioa?iaaeoa??e – I124, a oaeiae y?oeue
aaiaaeuei?io?a – a?ey 37 aec/aei3.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui noia?ia aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee (ca an?ia o?i?/ieie
? a?ieia?/ieie iieacieeaie) ia iaeiioeiiaeo nii?oaeao a oiiaao Noaiiai?
ciie Oe?a?ie aeua (95.6 %), i?ae a E?ninoaiia?e cii? (88.6 %). Iaeiae ca
ie?aieie iieacieeaie neeae no?/ieo aiae o aiaeieieua iaiiaeeeaee /a?ac
na?eicio o?i?/io ? ai?aeai?/io iaaaciaeo.

Cai?iiiiiaaia E?A? aenia?eiaioaeueia iai?aae?iaie/a onoaiiaea yaey?
niaith nenoaio iaoai?/ii? i/enoee ?A a aa?oeeaeueiiio a?aeno?eieeia?,
i?ney oeueiai – o?ueioaoaiii? a?ieia?/ii? i/enoee aa?oaaiiyi, c
a?aenoithaaiiyi i?ney

eiaeiiai aoaio ? iiaeaeueoi? aeii/enoee a o?ueionaeoe?eiiio a?ieia?/iiio
noaaeo ia i?ioyc? 3-o i?nyoe?a. Aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee ia oe?e onoaiiaoe?
aeinyaa? 97.9%. A?aoiaoth/e ciaoiaeaeaiiy iaoiaaiieo aoa?eo?e (I124 a
2.1% aeiaaee?a) o no?/i?e aiae?, yeo a?aee c noaaea-iaeiie/oaa/a,
ioe?ieoe ?? iiceoeaii iaiiaeeeai.

Ia eiiieaenao A?O, ye i?aaeei, canoiniao?oueny iaoai?/ia i/enoea aiith
c 2-4 i?ny/iei caa??aaiiyi a aii?noiaeuao ? aeei?enoaiiyi ?OA ? OOA ye
aeia?eaa.

Aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ciaoeiaeaeaiiy a?aeoiae?a, ui i?iaiaeeeiny ia
nii?oaeao Iaoo?anueeiai eiiieaeno A?O, iiooaei?noth 2000 i3 ??aeeiai
aiith ia aeiao, aeyaeei iecuee? iieacieee. Oae, caaene? ?a/iaeie aei
i/enoee neeaaeaee 99602926 ia/aei3, i?ney i/enoee – 3700938 ia/aei3,
oiaoi aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee aei??aithaaea 62.9 %. ANE5 a?aeiia?aeii
cieaeoaaeinue c 2556 354.6 aei 599 55.5 iaI2/aei3 (76.6 %), ?iaeaen
AAEI – c 50.210623.5106 aei 56.310547.9 105 EIA/aei3 (99.3 %). Noia?ia
aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee ca an?ia iieacieeaie aeinyaaea eeoa 80.35.1 %.

Oaeei /eiii, a?aeoiaee naeiieiiieaen?a ? A?O, i/euai? ia nii?oaeao
iaoai?/ii?, aeaio- ? o?ueionooiaiaai? a?ieia?/ii? i/enoee, ia
aeiaiaeyoueny aei iaiao?aeieo a?a??i?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a.
Oae? a?aeoiaee aeiaaathoue aeii/enoee, a o. /. ? a?oioiaei iaoiaeii i?e
iaeaaeiiio a?a??i?/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?.

?nioth/a i?aeoeea i?aeaioiaee aei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
aeei?enoaiiy oaa?aei? o?aeoe?? aiith ? ioe?a oeyoii ?o o?eaaeiai
caa??aaiiy a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao iio?aao? iaoeiai? a?a??i?/ii? ioe?iee.
Aoaeoeai?noue naiii/euaiiy OOA ? ioe?a aecia/aeany ia aac?
Eaeeoyinueeiai (E?ninoaiiaa ciia), Oaeaa??nueeiai ? Aiinoie?anueeiai
naeiieiiieaen?a (Noaiiaa ciia) Oe?a?ie.

A Noaiia?e cii? ?I OOA eieeaaeanue a iaaeao 6.5-7.7, oiaoi, aoea
oa?aeoa?iith aeey oeueiai noano?aoo. Aieia?noue OOA c /anii caa??aaiiy
cieaeoaaeany: a?ae 66.8 % a oeaoo o?eueo?oaaiiy aei 44.5 % /a?ac 3
i?nyoe? ? aei 42.3 % /a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a. ??aaiue ai?noo ai?a/iiai acioo
ca /an caa??aaiiy cieaeoaaany (c 38.9 aei 29.0 /a?ac 3 i?nyoe? ? aei
14.1 ia/ea /a?ac 5-6 i?nyoe?a), a e?euee?noue i?o?ao?a c?inoaea (c 1.1
aei 3.8 ia/ea /a?ac 5-6 i?nyoe?a), ui na?ae/eoue i?i neaaeo
i?ia?ae?caoe?th i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei. A cii? Noaio aaeoa??ieia?/i?
iieacieee OOA c /anii caa??aaiiy ci?ithaaeeny iacia/ii. Oae, oeo? AAEI
/a?ac 3 i?nyoe? iia?eueii i?aeaeuoaaany c 10-6 aei 10-5, a /a?ac ??e –
aei 10-3. Ai?no y?oeue aaiaaeuei?io?a a OOA i?e caa??aaii? iaaea?, aea
oaeiae iia?eueii: c 24.7 aec/ea aei 8.0 aec/ea /a?ac 3 i?nyoe?, aei 0.0
aec/ea /a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a.

A cii? E?ninoaio o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee OOA oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue a?eueo
aenieith aieiaith (ia 15%), a?eueo iecueeei ai?noii acioo ai?aeo (ia
45%) ? i?o?ao?a (ia 68%). O ii??aiyii? c OOA, ioee, ye? a?aee c ioeiaeo
iaeaeai/ee?a iiia?aaeiuei? – ? aeii/enoee naeiieiiieaen?a, yaeythoue
niaith a?eueo na?eicio iaaaciaeo a nai?oa?iiio ? ai?aeai?/iiio ieai?. O
cii? Noaio ai?no ai?aeo ia ioeiaeo iaeaeai/eeao iiia?aaeiuei? i/enoee
aei??aithaaa 80.8 ia/ea, a ia aeii/enooe? – 78.2 ia/ea, eiioeaio?aoe?y
i?o?ao?a – a?aeiia?aeii 1.0 ? 1.6 ia/ea. Oeo? AAEI ia ioeiaeo
iaeaeai/eeao aei??aithaaa 10-6, a ia aeii/enooe? – 10-5; ai?no y?oeue
aaiaaeuei?io?a – a?aeiia?aeii 161.1 ? 275.5 aec/ea i?e aenieiio
aeaeeaaii? – 58.1 ? 39.3 %. O cii? E?ninoaio ia ioeiaeo iaeaeai/eeao
naeiieiiieaen?a a 2-3 ?ace a?eueoa ai?no ai?aeo ? iaioa i?o?ao?a, a oeo?
AAEI ia 1-2 ii?yaeee ieae/ee.

I?i iaaeinoaoith aoaeoeai?noue i?aeaioiaee a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa
oeyoii o?eaaei? aeo?eiee a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao na?ae/aoue ? aeai? ii
Iaoo?anueeiio eiiieaeno A?O. Oae, o a?aenoi?, aeo?eiaiiio a aii?noiaeu?
ia i?ioyc? a?ey 4 i?nyoe?a, ai?no ai?a/iiai acioo aoa aenieei – a?ey 800
ia/ea, CII eieeaaeinue a?ae 2.5 aei 22 iei. (a na?aaeiueiio 13 iei.)
EIA/ni3, a oeo? AAEI aoa o iaaeao 10-5-10-6 .

Oaeei /eiii, i?aeaioiaea OOA ? ioe?a naeia?nueeeo eiiieaen?a ? A?O
oeyoii o?eaaei? aeo?eiee ?o a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao ia aeiaiaeeoue ye?noue
a?aeoiae?a aei iaiao?aeieo a?a??i?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a. Oae?
a?aeoiaee aeiaaathoue aeii/enoee, a o. /. ? a?oioiaei iaoiaeii, ia
iniia? iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy a?a??i?/ieo ?aaeaiaio?a i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea
a oiiaao ?o noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?. A?a??i?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ooee?caoe?? a?aeoiae?a
naeia?nueeeo eiiieaen?a ? aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aeeiioaaeiny
a oiiaao E?ninoaio oeyoii aianaiiy a a?oio i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea,
??aeeiai ? oaa?aeiai aiith a ??cieo ii?aeiaiiyo. O ?acoeueoao? aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aenie? eiioeaio?aoe?? ai?a/iiai acioo ?
i?o?ao?a, caaaeueiiai i?e?iaiiai ian?iai?iiy aecia/aeeny cae/aeii a
a?oio? ae?eyiie, eoaee aiineeeny acioii-oinoi?ii-eae?ei? aeia?eaa ?
ai?e a e?eueeino? 100 ? 200 o/aa ( NPK+100 ? NPK+200). Iaea?eueo
aacia/iei ? iaaaioaaeaiiy a 60 o/ aa.

I?e aecia/aii? a?a??i?/ieo ii?i aianaiiy a?aeoiae?a eiiieaen?a A?O ye
aeia?eaa i?ae o?e eoeueoo?e ( y/i?iue, eoeo?oaeca, iceia ioaieoey) o
cii? E?ninoaio anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e canoinoaaii? noieo A?O, ?icaaaeaiiai
noaaeiaith aiaeith 1:5 aai 1:7 ianoaaaea iiaia i?ia?ae?caoe?y ?
ciaoeiaeaeaiiy i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeiaiue aei e?ioey aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo (?en.1), oiaoi oey nenoaia aeia?ea a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeia.

Canoinoaaiiy noieo A?O, ?icaaaeaiiai noaaeiaith aiaeith 1:5, aea a
eiia?iaoe?? c oaa?aeei aii?i A?O i?ecaiaeeoue aei oei/aniaiai
caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo o?i?/ieie niieoeaie (ai?ae, i?o?aoe); naiii/euaiiy
a?oioo ianoa? eeoa aei e?ioey ianooiiiai aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo, oiio
oaea noaia ooee?caoe?? noieo A?O a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeia 1 ?ac a 2 ?iee.
Aianaiiy a a?oio ia?icaaaeaiiai ?A A?O o e?eueeino? 1000-1600 i3/aa
i?ecaiaeeoue aei noaa?eueiiai o?i?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy i?iiai oa?o
niieoeaie acioo: ai?no acioo ai?aeo ? i?o?ao?a ia?aaeuoaaa AAeE (130
ia/ea) a 2-2,5 ?ace, ui a?a??i?/ii iai?eionoeii.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue c a?a??i?/ii? ?aaeaiaioaoe?? a oiiaao
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aa??aio?a aianaiiy
i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?e cae/aei?e ? ?ioaineai?e
oaoiieia?yo o?i?caoe?? n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa iieacaee ianooiia. Aianaiiy
aeia?ea, ye i?aaeei, i?ecaiaeeei aei i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy o?i?/ieo ?
a?ieia?/ieo aaaio?a o a?oio? ia ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo i?e
ae?iuoaaii? ei?iiaeo ? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? (ao?ye, y/i?iue oa ?i.). Aei
e?ioey ia??iaeo aaaaoaoe?? ?ineei ?o ??ai? noaa?e?coaaeenue ? iaeaea ia
a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae eiio?ieueieo. Oae, ai?no i?o?ao?a ia ii/aoeo
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo c?inoaa aei 80-120 ia/ea a?oioo ye i?e
cae/aei?e, oae ? i?e ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?yo, iaeiae a?i ia ia?aaeuoaaa
anoaiiaeaiee a?a??i?/iee ii?iaoea – 130 ia/ea, i?ney oeueiai aei e?ioey
aaaaoaoe?? cieceany ia aeae?eueea ii?yaee?a.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e noi?niiio canoinoaaii? ??ciiiai?oieo IIIAe a oiiaao
aaaaoii?eueii? n?aici?ie i?e cae/aei?e ? ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?yo
a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeieie ? iaaaioaaeaiiy:

– i?e ae?iuoaaii? ei?iiaeo eoeueoo? ( ao?ye) – aei 120 ea/aa ii acioo
(N) ? oinoi?o (?2I5) ? aei 200 ea/aa ii eae?th ? aianaiith a a?oio aei
50 o/aa aiith aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae;

– i?e ae?iuoaaii? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? (y/i?iue) – N60?60E60, N60+N60 ?
N30P60K160+N30 (IV) ia oii? eiioeaio?aoe?e ianoeoeeae?a, ui
canoiniaothoueny ia i?aeoeoe?.

Aea/aiiy o?aineieaoe?? ?ia?aae??io?a a?aeoiae?a naeia?nueeiai eiiieaeno
c a?oioo a ?ineeie a oiiaao Noaio iieacaei, ui i?e aieiaica?yaeieo
iieeaao, a oaeiae i?e oaeia?aii? a?oioo OOA ? i?iaeia?eaaie
niinoa??aaeiny iaeiie/oaaiiy ai?aeo ? i?o?ao?a o ca?i? eoeo?oaece. Ca
iieacieeaie o?aineieaoe?? a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeiei ne?ae aaaaeaoe
canoinoaaiiy aeey oaeia?aiiy oaa?aei? o?aeoe?? aiith naeiieiieaeno o
e?eueeino? 20 o/aa, no?/ieo aiae i?e ie?aiiio canoinoaaii? (2300 i3/ aa)
aai a eiia?iaoe?? c i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie a e?eueeino? aei 60 ea/aa
ii acioo ? oinoi?o.

?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy o?aineieaoe?? ?ia?aae??io?a a?aeoiae?a aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae a cii? E?ninoaio iieacaee, ui noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia
iaeiie/aiiy acioai?noeeo niieoe a ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?ao (y/i?iue, iceia
ioaieoey) iaei i?noea i?e oaeia?aii? ae?eyiie ia?icaaaeaiei ??aeeei
aii?i i?e iaaaioaaeaiiyo 1000-1600 i3/aa ca nacii aai noieaie,
?icaaaeaieie 1:3. Oae? nenoaie aeia?ea ia a?aeiia?aeathoue a?a??i?/iei
aeiiaai. Acioai?noe? niieoee o iaoiene/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo aoee aeyaeai?
a ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?ao ia ae?eyieao, aea a a?oio aiineee no?/i? aiaee
eiiieaen?a A?O, ?icaaaeai? noaaeiaith aiaeith 1: 5 aai 1: 7; oaea
nenoaia aeia?ea iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaia a i?aeoeeo c a?a??i?/ieo
iiceoe?e.

Aeei?enoaiiy aenieeo iaaaioaaeaiue (3200-5000 i3/aa) ??aeei? o?aeoe??
aiith naeiieiiieaen?a ia i?ioyc? o?eaaeiai oa?i?io (2-3 ?iee) ia oii?
aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea (300-500 ea/aa) i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ae?aaeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioiaeo aiae, i?e oeueiio acioai?noe? niieoee
a 4-20 ?ac ia?aaeuoaaee AAeE. Aianaiiy i?aeaioiaeaiiai noieo A?O o a?oio
a e?eueeino? 1200-2000 i3/aa/nacii ia aeeeeea? iaaaciaee caa?oaeiaiiy
a?oioiaeo aiae niieoeaie acioo ? oiio oaea nenoaia aeia?ea a?a??i?/ii
aeiionoeia.

Canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ?c ?ic?aooieo N60?60E60, N60+N60 ?
N30?60E60+N30 i?e cae/aei?e, a oaeiae i?e ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?yo ia
oii? aianaiiy i?aai?/iiai aeia?eaa (i?aeaioiaeaiee ai?e A?O) a
e?eueeino? 50 o/aa ? i?eeiyoeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo ianoeoeeae?a aeey ia?iaee
ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?, ? caaeainiaaiei ? iaoe?aeeeaei, oae ye i?e
caiaeiaoaaii? oaa?eiai y/iaith, ae?iuaiiai i?e aeuacacia/aieo oiiaao, ia
aeyaeaii a?aeoeeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ia i?ioyc? o?ii?/iiai
nai?oa?ii-oieneeieia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo.

A?a??i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a a
??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie. ?icaeyaeaeenue oe? aniaeoe ia
i?eeeaae? Caea?iaonueei? ? ??aiainueei? iaeanoae (ia iaeaniiio ?
?aeiiiiio ??aiyo – iicaeiaaei? niinoa?aaeaiiy), aea iaea?eueo ae?aaeaii
ai?iaaaeaeoaaeeny a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? IIIAe.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a a Oe?a?i? ca 25 ?ie?a
eieeaathoueny ca ?ieaie. Iaea?eueo? aaee/eie OI OCC? i?eoiaeyoueny ia
1986 ?., eiee a Oe?a?i? aiie neeaaeaee a na?aaeiueiio 5.6 ea/aa; a
iiaeaeueoiio – cieaeoaaeenue ? a 1990 ?. aei??aithaaee 3.2 ea/aa.
Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ia a?oio ci?ithaaeeny a
caeaaeiino? a?ae a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui a 1986
?. a Oe?a?i? a?a??i?/i? (I. O. Iiooceinueeee oa ?i., 1993) ? aa?io?i?/i?
( A. I. Aaneeue?a oa ?i., 1989) ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? OI ianoeoeeae?a a 4.0
ea/aa aoee ia?aaeuai? a cii? Noaio a 7 c 9 iaeanoae, a cii? E?ninoaio –
a 9 c 9 iaeanoae ? a cii? Iie?nny – a 6 c 7 iaeanoae, a a oe?eiio ii
Oe?a?i? – a 22 c 25 iaeanoae aai a 88 % aeiaaee?a.

Aeiaaio?eaae? ia?aaaioaaeaiiy aa?io?i?eao?a ia a?oio i?ecaaee aei
caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ca aeaieie Caea?iaonueei?
iaeanii? ? ?aeiiieo NAN, caeeoeia? e?eueeino? ianoeoeeae?a a 1988 ?. a
aeiae?ee? aoee aeyaeai? a 2.91-13.89 % i?ia, neeaaeath/e a na?aaeiueiio
9.24 %. I?e oeueiio /enei i?ia c ia?aaeuaiiyi AAeE ianoeoeeae?a
eieeaaeinue a?ae 0.15 aei 5.97 % a?ae e?eueeino? an?o i?ia,
aei??aithth/e a na?aaeiueiio 1.08 %.

Ca aeaieie Aeiia?aae?anueei? NAN Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?, i?e OI
ianoeoeeae?a 5.60 ea/aa ca 1988-1990 ?.?. iaea?eueoee ai?no ?o aeyaeaiee
a iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie ? aoiinoa?iiio iia?o?? – 36.4-31.4 %, na?aaei?e –
a a?oio? – 17.2 % ? iaeiaioee – a ieoi?e aiae? – 4.3 %.

*enei iiceoeaieo i?ia ia ianoeoeeaee ii ?aeiiao ??aiainueei? iaeano?
eieeaaeinue a?ae 4.8 aei 22.3 %, neeaaeath/e a na?aaeiueiio 10.6 %. I?e
oeueiio /enei i?ia, aea caeeoeia? e?eueeino? ianoeoeeae?a ia?aaeuoaaee
AAeE, ii ?aeiiao iaeano? eieeaaeinue a?ae 0.56 aei 7.85 %, aei??aithth/e
a na?aaeiueiio ii iaeano? 2.96 %. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui /enei i?ia, aea ai?no
ianoeoeeae?a aoa aeuee AAeE, ca?eueooaaeiny a e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae
/enea i?ia, iiceoeaieo ia i?enooi?noue ianoeoeeae?a.

Ocaaaeueiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea OI i?iaeia?ea a Oe?a?i? ca 25-??/iee
ia??iae (1966-1990 ?.?.) aeicaieeea aeyaeoe ?yae iniaeeainoae. A
na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i? ca 1966-1970 ?.?. aiie aei??aithaaee 46 ea/aa, a
1986-1990 ?.?. i?aeaeuoaaeeny aei 148 ea/aa, cieaeoth/enue a ianooii?
?iee. OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ci?ithaaeeny ii a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
ciiao: a 1986-1990 ?.?. a cii? Noaio aiie aei??aithaaee 114 ea/aa, a
cii? E?ninoaio – 168 ea/aa ? a cii? Iie?nny – 199 ea/aa. ?iciao OI
i?iaeia?ea a eiaei?e c a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii ci?ithaaany a
caeaaeiino? a?ae i?io?eth n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa, ca?eueooth/enue a
iaeanoyo c ?icaeiaiei aeiia?aaea?noaii.

OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a Oe?a?i? ia?aaeuoaaee a?aeiia?aei? iieacieee a
NOA ? Eaiaae?. Oae, a NOA a 1984 ?., ca aeaieie AIAe?OAI, OI ?o
aei??aithaaea 107 ea/aa, a a Oe?a?i? a 1985 ?. – 129.0 ea/aa (I. I.
Ai?iaei?e, 1990), oiaoi a 1.25 ?ac?a a?eueoa.

sseui noaoe ia iiceoe?? a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e (?. A. ?anoao’?aa,
A. I. Aaoe?i, 1993), ?aaeaiaiooth/eo OI i?iaeia?ea a cii? Noaio – 100
ea/aa, a a oaeaiai-e?nia?e – 200 ea/aa, oi ?aaeuei? OI aeia?ea a cii?
Noaio ca 1986-1990 ?.?. i?aeaeuai? a 8 c 9 iaeanoae, a cii? E?ninoaio –
a 8 c 9 iaeanoae ? a cii? Iie?nny – a 5 c 7 iaeanoae ? a oe?eiio ii
Oe?a?i? a 84% an?o iaeanoae. A 1988 ?. OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
ia?aaeuoaaee a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a 7 c 7 ?aeii?a Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano? ? a 10 c 15 ?aeii?a ??aiainueei? iaeano?.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea a 1993 ?. neeaaeaee a
cii? Noaio 4.0 o/aa, eieeaath/enue a?ae 2.1 o/aa a Iaeanuee?e iaeano?
aei 5.5 o/aa a E?eio; a cii? E?ninoaio aiie a na?aaeiueiio aei??aithaaee
8.7 o/aa, c ?iciaoii a?ae 6.3 o/aa a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? aei 8.7 o/aa
a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? ? aei 12.8 o/aa a *a?i?aaoeuee?e iaeano?; a cii?
Iie?nny oeae iieaciee a na?aaeiueiio aeinyaaa 10.1 o/aa, a eieeaaiiy
aoee a?ae 8.9 o/aa a Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? aei 10.3 o/aa a ??aiainuee?e
iaeano? ? aei 12.2 o/aa a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano?. A na?aaeiueiio ii
Oe?a?i? oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea neeaaeaee 7.4
o/aa. Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy a?eueo 10 o/aa a cii? Noaio ia
a?aecia/ai?, a cii? E?ninoaio – niinoa??aaeeny a 2 c 9 iaeanoae ? a cii?
Iie?nny – a 4 c 7 iaeanoae.

O ca’yceo c ?ioaineaiei aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea
eiioeaio?aoe?y acioai?noeeo niieoe (i?o?ao?a ? i?o?eo?a) a aeiae?ee?
i?aeaeuoaaeany. Ii ?aeiiao ??aiainueei? iaeano? a 1988-1990 ?.?.
e?euee?noue i?ia ?ineeiii? i?iaeoeoe??, a ye?e ai?no i?o?ao?a aoa aeuei
IAe?, eieeaaeanue a?ae 11.12 aei 24.18 %, a a na?aaeiueiio – 18.2 %.

Oaeei /eiii, caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aa?io?i?eaoaie, ui
niinoa??aa?oueny aieiaiei /eiii i?e ?ioaineaiiio n?eueainiae?iaieoeoa?,
noai?th? iaaaciaeo iia??oaiiy noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy ? aeiaaa?
iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy a?a??i?/ii? ?aaeaiaioaoe?? noi?niiai
canoinoaaiiy IIIAe.

A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? ??ai?a
oaeoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a ia i?aai?ci ae?oae
a ciiao niinoa?aaeaiiy aaciaeo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie. Aea?ai? aeey aea/aiiy
ciie niinoa?aaeaiiy (??aiainueea, Iaeanueea, *a?eanueea ? Caea?iaonueea
iaeano?) a?aeiinyoueny aei iniiaieo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo ?
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii e?a?ie. Iacaaaeath/e ia ianooo?a? a?aei?iiino?,
aeine?aei? ? eiio?ieuei? ciie an?o 4-o iaeanoae aoee ii??aiyeuei? ca
i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieie, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie ? a?a??i?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Iniiai? a?aei?iiino? i?ae aeine?aeieie ? eiio?ieueieie
ciiaie an?o aaciaeo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie i?aaenoaaeai? ??cieie
oa?eoi??aeueieie ? ani?oeiaioieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie ianoeoeeae?a ?
aa?io?i?eao?a.

A aeine?aeieo ciiao OI ianoeoeeae?a eieeaaeenue a?ae 3.865 aei 7.1
ea/aa, oiaoi a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? – 3.865 ea/aa – a?ey a?a??i?/ii?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a 4.0 ea/aa (ii I. O. Iiooceinueeiio ? ?i., 1993), a a
Iaeanuee?e – 6.096 ea/aa, a ??aiainuee?e – 6.328 ea/aa ? a
Caea?iaonuee?e – 7.1 ea/aa – ia 50-75 % aeua iaaaaeaiiai ?aaeaiaioo. A
eiio?ieueieo ciiao OI ianoeoeeae?a aoee a ae?aiacii? a?ae 1.267 aei 5.2
ea/aa, a naia: a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? – 1.267, a *a?eanuee?e – 2.25, a
Iaeanuee?e – 2.89 ? a Caea?iaonuee?e – 5.2 ea/aa. Ioaea, OI ianoeoeeae?a
a eiio?ieueieo ciiao ia?oeo o?ueio iaeanoae neeaee a?aeiia?aeii 32, 56 ?
72 % a?ae a?a??i?/iiai ?aaeaiaioo a 4.0 ea/aa, a a Caea?iaonuee?e
iaeano? – 130 %, ui a 1.3 ?ace aeua a?a??i?/iiai ?aaeaiaioo, aea a 1.36
?ace ieae/a oeueiai iieacieea a aeine?aei?e cii?.

A oaeeo oiiaao anoaiiaeaia caa?oaeiaiiy ianoeoeeaeaie aeiae?eey ?
oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a. Oae, a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? a
iia?o?? aeyaeaii 31.7 % i?ia c iayai?noth ianoeoeeae?a, a eiio?ieuei?e
cii? – 20.0 %, a a?oio? – 15.4 ? 0 %, a n?eueaini?ineeiao – 1.75 ? 0 %.

Aaaeo/ei oaeoi?ii, ui oi?io? oaeoe/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeaeaie (OII)
i?aai?cio ae?oae, ? e?euee?nia ? ye?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea OI OCC?, yea
ia?aaeuo? a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Iniiaiei oeyoii ?o iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a
i?aai?ci ae?oae ? oa?/iaee (86.7-94.8 %), aeiaeaoeiaei – c aoiinoa?iei
iia?o?yi (5.2-13.3%) ? aeiiii?aeiei – c ieoiith aiaeith
(ne?aee-iaeeieoe? %). Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aaee/eie oaeoe/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeaeaie, ui iaaeoiaeyoue a i?aai?ci ae?oae c
aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y, aecia/aeeny a nioeo ? oeny/ieo /anoeao ia/ea iane
o?ea, a c oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a ?ineeiiiai aeaea?aea – a aeanyoeo /anoeao
ia/ea iane o?ea, ana-oaee iaee i?noea ?noioi? ia?aaeuaiiy OII (AOOeA,
oei?ioin, iaoaoin) iaae AeAeAe aeey oeeo i?aia?ao?a.

A?aei?/ai? oaeoe iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aeayeeo ianoeoeeae?a (AeAeO, AeAeA,
e?iaeai) a a?oaeia ae?ii/a iieiei aiaeoaaeueieoeue c Iaeanueei? iaeano?,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeii?iaoeaia caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
? iaaaciaeo aeey caei?ia’y ye iaoa??, oae ? aeeoeie.

A aeine?aeieo ciiao OI i?iaeia?ea eieeaaeenue a?ae 104.9 aei 401 ea/aa,
a naia: a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? – 104.9, a Iaeanuee?e – 110.0, a
??aiainuee?e – 278 ? a Caea?iaonuee?e – 401 ea/aa. Ioaea, ia?aaeuaiiy
a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e cai?iiiiiaaieo (?. A. ?anoao’?aa, A. I.
Aaoe?i, 1993), neeaei a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? 4.9 %, a Iaeanuee?e – 10.0
%, a ??aiainuee?e – 39 % ? a Caea?iaonuee?e – 100 %. A eiio?ieueieo
ciiao an?o 3-o iaeanoae OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aoee ieae/? a?a??i?/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ca aeiyoeii Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?, aea aiie aoee aeaui
aeu? a?a??i?/iiai ?aaeaiaioo.

OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea a on?o aeine?aeieo (9.6-14.4 o/aa) ? eiio?ieueieo
(3.7-11.8 o/aa) ciiao niinoa?aaeaiiy aaciaeo iaeanoae aoee a iaaeao
a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Aeiyoie neeaea eeoa *a?eanueea iaeanoue, aea
a aeine?aei?e cii? OI oeeo aeia?ea a 17 o/aa ia?aaeuoaaea
?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey oe??? ciie 10 o/aa.

Iaaeii?iaoeai? OI i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea aeeeeeaee c?inoaiiy
ai?noo i?o?ao?a ? i?o?eo?a a aeiae?ee?, a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
?ineeiao, a oa?/iaeo ?aoe?iiao ? a i?aai?ci? ethaeae. A aeine?aei?e cii?
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? /enei i?ia ?ineei (iii?aei?e, ea?oiiey, eaionoa),
aea iaei i?noea ia?aaeuaiiy IAe? i?o?ao?a, neeaei 27.3 %, a a eiio?ie? –
7.5 % .

Aaee/eia oaeoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (OI) i?aai?cio ae?oae acioai?noeeie
niieoeaie ?inoa a e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae OI aa?io?i?eao?a. Iniiaieie
aeaea?aeaie oaeoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aai?cio ae?oae i?o?aoaie ?
i?o?eoaie ? oa?/ia? i?iaeoeoe ? a iaio?e i??? ieoia aiaea. I?e
iaaeii?iaoeaieo OI aa?io?i?eao?a ia? i?noea ia?aaeuaiiy oaeoe/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy i?o?aoaie ? i?o?eoaie iaae AeAeAe aeey oeeo niieoe aeey
i?aai?cio ae?oae 46 ?ie?a.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey ciie Noaio aaee/eia OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a 100
ea/aa ? a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeiith, ai i?e oeueiio OI i?o?aoaie ia
ia?aaeuo? AeAeAe (5 ia/ea iane o?ea aeeoeie). A oiiaao E?ninoaio OI
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aei 100 ea/aa ia aeeeeeaee ia?aaeuaiiy OI i?o?eo?a
iaae AeAeAe ? iaa?oue ?nio? aeayeee ?aca?a ca?eueoaiiy OI aa?io?i?eao?a.
A oiiaao Iie?nny OI i?iaeia?ea aei 200 ea/aa aoee a?a??i?/ii aeiionoei?,
ine?eueee OI i?o?eo?a ia ia?aaeuoaaee ?o AeAeAe (0.33 ia/ea iane o?ea)
aeey ae?oae 4-6 ?ie?a, aea OI iiiaae 300 ea/aa – ia?aaeuoaaee oeae
ii?iaoea.

Ioaea, i?e aaeeaaii? a ?aeo ianaeaiiyi n?eueainii?iaeoeoe?? c aenieei
ai?noii i?o?ao?a ? i?o?eo?a, eiioeaio?aoe?? yeeo ia?aaeuothoue AeAeAe,
iiaeia ia?aaeaa/eoe iioaioe?eia iia??oaiiy noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

Caoai?thaai?noue aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a ciiao ?ioaineaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie ii
oa?eoi??aeueii-ae?iaie/eo eiiieaenao, i?aae

noaaeaia a oaae. 2. A ?aeiiao ?ioaineaiiai n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie
??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae i?aeaeuo?oueny a e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino?
“oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy – /an – aoaeo”. A E?ninoaiia?e cii?
(*a?eanueea iaeanoue) i?e i?aeaeuaii? OI eiiieaeno OCC? ? aa?io?i?eao?a
(ianoeoeeae?a c 2.25 aei 3.865 ea/aa, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c 80.4 aei
104.9 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea c 6.6 aei 17.0 o/aa) ??aaiue
caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? i?aeaeuo?oueny c 204.4 9.8 aei 381.5 16.2
(p

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