Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio?

Aaoeoeao Ieeiea Iaaeiae/

?iaeaen OAeE 614.7: 614.2:631.8:632. 95

A?A??I?*I? INIIAE IOI?IIE IAAEIEEOIUeIAI NA?AAeIAEUA

? CAeI?IA’ss IANAEAIIss A OIIAAO NOI?NIIAI AEEI?ENOAIIss

IANOEOeEAe?A ? I?AAII-I?IA?AEUeIEO AeIA?EA O

N?EUeNUeEIIO AINIIAeA?NOA?

14. 02.01 — a?a??ia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia a IAe? caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i.
I.I.Ia?ca?aa I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ieiiia Ay/aneaa Ieaenaiae?iae/, IAe?
caaaeueii? oa eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i. I.I.Ia?ca?aa IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/ee eaai?aoi???th

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aeia Aaneeue Aaa?eeiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeaiei Aaeaioei A?eai?iae/, ?inoeooo
iaaeeoeeie i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee eaai?aoi???th;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Niaa ?iiai THoeiiae/, ?inoeooo aeia?a??ie ?
oieneeieia?? ?i. E.?.Iaaeaaaey IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

?i. I. E.Ooieea, eaoaae?a a?a??ie ? aeieia?? ethaeeie, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.
Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 14 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 1000 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.604.01 i?e
Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiaiio a?a??i?/iiio oeaio?? IIC Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
253660, Ee?a-94, aoe.Iiioae?aiea, 50

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o: i. Ee?a, aoe. Iiioae?aiea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 31 ” aa?aciy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Naeaciueia A. TH.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Canoinoaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, iniaeeai i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii?
?ioaineaieo oaoiieia?e, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny c?inoaiiyi ?o ia’?i?a ?
ani?oeiaio?a. Aiie, a ia?oo /a?ao, aeeeeeathoue i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineeiieoeoaa, oaa?eiieoeoaa ? ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a, a,
a ae?oao /a?ao, i?ecaiaeyoue aei caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua (E. A.THaeaiiaa, 1989; Ae. A.Ei?aiueeiaa, 1990;
A.A.Aeaaiaethe oa ?i., 1992).

I?eeiyoee 2 aa?aciy 1995 ?. caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i ianoeoeeaee ?
aa?io?i?eaoe” iinooeth? oa, ui iaeaieiai?oei i?eioeeiii aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee a oe?e iaeano? ? i??i?eoao ia aeiiii?/ieo ia?aaaa o?i?caoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a ioi?iia i?e?iaeiiai
aeiae?eey ? caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy (E. N. Iae?aniaa, 1998).

Iioae?eiaai? ?iaioe iieacaee i?aaii??i?noue caeii?a a?a??ie i?i
aeaea?aea ? ?oo?eio neeo ai?aeai?/iiai i?ioeano, ?ic?iaeaieo
(?.A.Aii/a?oe, TH.?.Eoiae??a, A.A.Aa?aeia oa ?i., 1995) ? canoiniaaieo
aei ianoeoeeae?a (A. A. Ea/eineee, 1994). ?ic?ea aoaeue-yei? eaiee
eaioethaa “aa?io?i?eaoe — aeiae?eey — caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy” i?ecaaaea
aei cieaeaiiy aai e?ea?aeaoe?? ai?aeai?/iiai i?ioeano. Oiio ioe?ieo
no/aniiai noaio ? iiaeaeueoeo a?a??i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaiao?aeii
i?iaiaeeoe c o?aooaaiiyi on?o eaiie oeueiai eaioethaa (A. I. Na?aethe,
1996).

Aea/aiiy oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ianoeoeeae?a ? aeia?ea ye
iiaeeeaeo aeaea?ae ai?aeai?/iiai i?ioeano i?iaiaeeeiny a iniiaiiio i?e
?cieueiaai?e ae?? eiaeiiai oaeoi?o (I.I.Aioiiiae/, A.A.Aieioiee,
A.N.Ao?ee oa ?i., 1988, TH.N. Eaaai, TH.?.Eoiae??a, I.O.Iiooceinueeee,
1990; I.A.Aieiuaiei, A.ss.*aa?eiaoeue, I.I.Aaoeoeao oa ?i., 1991; ?.?.
Nieio oa ?i., 1998).

C a?a??i?/ieo iiceoe?e iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue ieoaiiy aea/aiiy
nooiaiy eiiieaeniiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo ? noi?aeieo c iei na?aaeiaeu
ianoeoeeaeaie, i?ia?aeueieie ? i?aai?/ieie aeia?eaaie (IIIAe) ?
iaoai?cie ?ioaineaiino? naiii/euaiiy eiai a?ae aeacaieo aaaio?a.

Cia/iee aianie a caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo neeaaeathoue i?aai?/i? aeia?eaa,
iniaeeai a?aeoiaee oaa?eiieoeueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia i?iieneia?e iniia?
(I.I. Iieiaoeaa, 1986; A.I.I?ieiiia oa ?i., 1993; A.E.Aaoaeian, 1998).
Oea, cie?aia, aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoeo aeeaieeo a?a??i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
iaoith iiooeo a?eueo aoaeoeaieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo niinia?a i?aeaioiaee
??aeeiai aiith ? eiai o?aeoe?e, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

?acii c oei, ieoaiiy i?i aieea ia noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy aeae?eueeio
a?oi o?i?/ieo cania?a caoenoo ?ineei (OCC?), i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo
aeia?ea, ui aiaeii/an iaaeoiaeyoue a aeiae?eey, ye o?aouei? caeeth/ii?
eaiee ai?aeai?/iiai eaioethaa, aein? iaei aea/aia (A.A. Oeaiei, 1981;
A.I. Na?aethe, ss.E.Caeiyoeeianueeee, I. A. Aa?aeiee, 1996).

A oeueiio aniaeo? ? aeioe?eueiei aea/aiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy anueiai
ai?aeai?/iiai eaioethaa “ianoeoeeaee, aa?io?i?eaoe — aeiae?eey —
caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy” i?e ia?niaeoeaiiio noi?niiio canoinoaaii? OCC? ?
i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?.

A nenoai? i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a ii ai?iouea? c caa?oaeiaiiyi
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aaeeea cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny ?aaeaiaiooaaiith
noia?ieo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue (OI) aa?io?i?eao?a.
Cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? 5 ea/aa (AIIC, 1990), 4 ea/aa (A.I.
Aaneeue?a oa ?i., 1989; I.O. Iiooceinueeee, A.?. Iieue/aiei, A.A.
Ea/einueeee, 1993) a iniiaiiio noinothoueny eeoa ianoeoeeae?a. A oiiaao
ni?eueiiai canoinoaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? IIIAe iaiao?aeia
niaoe?aeueia ?ic?iaea ? iaa?oiooaaiiy c oi/ee ci?o eiia?iiaaiiai aieeao
ia caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue oeeo
aa?io?i?eao?a.

E??i oiai, aeieea? ieoaiiy i?i iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie a?a??i?/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? aeia?ea, ioi?ii?
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy, iniaeeai a ?aa?iiao
?ioaineaiiai aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa i?noeoue iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeiiai? o a?aeiia?aeiino?
c iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeie, aea?aeaaieie, aaeocaaeie
i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? caaaeaiiyie ii 14 IAe? EIAe?CEA ?i. I.I.Ia?ca?aa
OIAOe (?? Aea?ae?a?no?aoe??: 73066943, 77025453, 78072211, 76032785,
80017631, 81004985, 81004991, 0.182.4054003, 01860012673,
01.86.0012.676, 01.860012670, 01.8.80.088689, A 01002622 ?,
ainiaeiaia?? 450).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy caeeth/aeanue a
iaoeia?e ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aacia/iiai
aeey caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy ? aeiae?eey canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno
ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aaaaeaee aeioe?eueiei ae??oaiiy ne?aeoth/eo
caaea/:

— aeaoe a?a??i?/io ioe?ieo no/anieo iaoiae?a i?aeaioiaee iniiaieo
i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea — a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa, ui ooee?cothoueny a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, a oaeiae iaa?oiooaaoe aacia/i? oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy n?eueainieoeueoo? a oiiaao aaaaoii?eueii? n?aici?ie i?e
noi?niiio aeei?enoaii? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ianoeoeeae?a ?
aa?io?i?eao?a;

— ioe?ieoe c a?a??i?/ieo iiceoe?e ??ai? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?ia?aae??io?a
aeia?ea ? ianoeoeeae?a o aeiae?eey ? i?iaeoeoe ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy a
oiiaao ??cii? ?ioaineaiino? aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa;

— anoaiiaeoe ??aaiue niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae, iniaeeai a
?aeiiao ?ioaineaiiai canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ?
i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea, ? aecia/eoe aeeaae eiaeiiai c oeeo oaeoi??a a noai
caei?ia’y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy;

— iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, aeeth/ath/e
aeiionoei? ??ai? oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a,
i?ia?aeueieo oa i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?e noi?niiio aeei?enoaii? ?o, aeey
iniiaieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie c o?aooaaiiyi ioi?iie
aeiae?eey oa caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— iaa?oioiaai? a?a??i?/i? e?eoa??? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaoiae?a
i?aeaioiaee a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa (i?aei?e?inoa A?O ?
naeiieiiieaen?a) i?e aeei?enoaii? ?o ye i?aai?/iiai aeia?eaa a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

— aia?oa aeaia eiiieaenia a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ? noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy a oiiaao noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy
OCC?, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

— anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? ? iniiai? caeiiii??iino? (iaaaioaaeaiiy — /an
— aoaeo) ni?iiiaeiino? a?oioo aei naiii/euaiiy, i?a?aoe?? a a?oioia?
aiaee ? o?aineieaoe?? a ?ineeie ?ia?aae??io?a IIIAe i?e ??cieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ? a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao;

— iaa?oioiaai? iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeai? iieacieee aeey ioe?iee
nai?oa?iiai noaio a?oioo a oiiaao ni?eueiiai canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a
? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?iaoea?a
oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a o a?oio? c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o aieeao ia caoai?thaai?noue ianaeaiiy;

— aia?oa cai?iiiiiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo
i?ae ??aiai oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a ? aeia?ea ?
iieacieeaie caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy;

— aia?oa aeeiiaiee i?iaiic (ia 2010 ?.) caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai
ianaeaiiy a ?aeiiao ?ioaineaii? o?i?caoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa c
o?aooaaiiyi oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue eiiieaeno ianoeoeeae?a ?
i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ui ieaiothoueny.

Aieiaia a?aei?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a a?ae a?aeiieo ?ai?oa
(A.E.Aaoaeian, 1981, 1998; I.I.Iieiaoeaa, 1986; I.O.Iiooceinueeee,
A.?.Iieue/aiei, A.A.Ea/einueeee, 1993; N.A.Oa?aaa?iaa, 1996 oa ?i.)
iieyaa? a a?a??i?/i?e ioe?ioe? ia ?cieueiaaiiai, a noi?niiai
aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea oa ?o
eiiieaeniiai aieeao ia caei?ia’y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, a
oaeiae ?ic?iaoe? a?a??i?/ieo caoiae?a, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aia?oa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaea?eueo i?eeiyoi? c a?a??i?/ieo iiceoe?e
oaoiieia?? ia?iaee oa aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a i?aeaioiaeaieo
a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa (i?aei?e?inoa A?O ? naeiieiiieaen?a), a oaeiae
eiia?iaoe?e ?o c i?iaeia?eaaie aeey ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii
Oe?a?ie;

— aecia/ai? ia’?eoe iaia’yceiaiai iaaeyaeo i?e aeei?enoaii? a?aeoiae?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa ye i?aai?/iiai aeia?eaa, ui aeeth/athoue eiio?ieue ca
ye?noth ??aeeiai aiith (?A) ? ?iaioith nii?oae ii iiia?aaei?e eiai
i?aeaioiaoe?, nai?oa?iei noaiii a?oioo ? a?oioiaeo aiae, ye?noth
ae?iuaii? i?iaeoeoe??;

— aia?oa anoaiiaeai? aeey a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie
e?eoa??aeuei? ??ai? oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a,
i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?e ?o noi?niiio aeei?enoaii? ia
n?eueainioa?aeaeyo, ui ia i?ecaiaeyoue aei ae?aaeaii? ci?ie yeino?
aeiae?eey ? i?aeaeuaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ethaeae a ?aa?iiao ?o
canoinoaaiiy;

— aia?oa iaa?oioiaai? a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iiia?aaeaeaiiy
aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao ia aeiae?eey ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy ?icae?eueiiai
? noi?niiai aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ciaeoee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
ae?yeueiino? ?aeiieo ? iaeanieo naiai?aenoaioe?e oa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, cie?aia ??aiainueei?,
Iaeanueei?, Caea?iaonueei?, Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?, Ee?anueei? oa ?ioeo
iaeanoae ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a on?o aac aeiyoeo iaeanoyo e?a?ie.
E??i oiai, iao? a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei canoinoaaiiy
aa?io?i?eao?a oa oaoiieia?e ?o i?aeaioiaee ai?iaaaeaeai? ia
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aacao ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI, Oe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? noaioe?? c?ioaiiy no?/ieie aiaeaie (oeaio?aeueia
eaai?aoi??y ?inoeoooo a?ae?ioaoi?ee ? iae?i?aoe?? OAAI), ia’?aeiaiiy
“Oe?IAe?aa?ii?iaeo” oa ?i., a oaeiae aeei?enoai? a ?o iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
?iaio?. C o?aooaaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo iaie oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue
aa?io?i?eao?a oa ?ioeo caoiae?a, iai?eeeaae, a ainiiaea?noaao
Iaoo?anueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano? caaaeueiee oaeoe/iee ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaeaa o ??ci? ?iee a?ae 110 aei 184 e?a./aa.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaioiaeaii 24 aeieoiaioe, a o. /. 3
nai?oa?ieo ii?i ? i?aaee, 6 aoae?aaeueieo ii?i, 1 ?ino?oeoe?y, 12
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? aeac?aie oa 2 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoe. O oiio
/ene?:

Naieoa?iua i?aaeea o?ainii?oe?iaaiey, o?aiaiey e i?eiaiaiey
ianoeoeeaeia a ia?iaeiii oicyenoaa: NI ?6038-91: Ooa. Ae.ainoae.nai.a?a/
NNN? 12 iiya?y 1991 a./ Ieicae?aa NNN?. — I., 1991. — 114n.

Aea?aeaai? aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie Oe?a?ie. Aaia?aeuei? ieaie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa: AeAI A.2.4-3-95: Aaiaeyoueny
aia?oa/ Aea?aeeiii?noiaoaeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie. — E., 1995. — 57 n.

Aea?aeaai? nai?oa?i? i?aaeea ieaioaaiiy oa caaoaeiae ianaeaieo ioieo?a:
Ca?a?no?iaaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii a I?i?noa?noa? thnoeoe?? Oe?a?ie
24.07.1996 ?. ?379/1404 ? caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii IIC Oe?a?ie a?ae
19.06.1996 ?. ?173. — E., 1996. — 87 n.

Aea?aeaai? aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie Oe?a?ie. Ieaioaaiiy oa caaoaeiaa
n?euenueeeo iinaeaiue. Ieaioaaiiy ? caaoaeiaa iaeeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo)
ainiiaea?noa: AeAI A.2.4-4-97: Aaiaeyoueny aia?oa/
Aea?aeeiii?noiaoaeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie. — E., 1997. — 27 n.

Aea?aeaai? aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie Oe?a?ie. Aoaeeiee ? nii?oaee. Aoae?ae? ?
nii?oaee aeey caa??aaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa cania?a caoenoo ?ineei:
AeAI A.2.2-7-98: Caoaa?aeaeai? iaeacii Aea?aeaoaeo Oe?a?ie a?ae 18.02.98
?. ?41 ? aaaaeai? a ae?th c 01.07.98 ?./ Aea?aeaoae Oe?a?ie. — E., 1998.
— 14 n.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a i?aai?caoe?? ? aaciina?aaeiueiio
aeeiiaii? aeine?aeaeaiue ca an?ia ?icae?eaie aeena?oaoe??, o oi?ioaaii?
iaoe, caaea/ ? i?ia?ai aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aii? iai?yieo, ianya?a ?
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii? aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaii?
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ye a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai aeeiiaaoey ?
ea??aieea IAe?.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a uiaei
iiia?aaeaeaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua a?aeoiaeaie
oaa?eiieoeoaa, i?iaeia?eaaie ? ianoeoeeaeaie a oiiaao ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo oaoiieia?e o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ? aio?iiiaaiiiai
aieeao ia caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??aeuei? ??ai?
OI IIIAe aeey ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie, aecia/aiee
aeeaae eiaeiiai c oaeoi??a (ianoeoeeaee, i?ia?aeuei? ? i?aai?/i?
aeia?eaa) o caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae, c?iaeaiee i?iaiic caoai?thaaiino?
aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ia iaeaeeae/o ia?niaeoeao. A ni?eueieo
iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao caeiaoaa/o iaeaaeeoue a?eueoa 80 % ?aeae ?
?ic?iaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia 60 iaoeiaeo ? i?aeoe/ieo
c?a?aiiyo, o o./. ia 4 c’?caeao a?a??i?no?a Oe?a?ie, ia 24
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ia 23 nai?ia?ao ? 9 ia?aaeao ?
can?aeaiiyo. O oiio /ene?: O ? OII c’?caee a?a??i?no?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
15-16 aeiaoiy 1981 ?.; Iaeana, 2-5 aeiaoiy 1991 ?.); Abstracts of the
papers and posters presented at the Sixth International Conference on
the Combined Effects of Environmental Factors ICCEF 94 (September 25-28,
1994. — Toyama, Japan); Conference and Worlshop on Host Factors in
Environmental Epidemiology Cracow (June 11-14, 1995); ?aaea ?a?iie,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aeieia?/iee oeaio? Oe?a?ie “O?aai?ciaaia iaaeieeoi?
na?aaeiaeua: ioi?iia i?e?iaee oa caei?ia’y ethaeeie” (Ee?a, 1996 ?.);
I?aeia?iaeiee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee nai?ia? Oe?a?ia-NOA “I?iaeo ii
oaeineiiaeaiith i?aeoeee aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoeeae?a” (Ee?a, 1-3 ea?oiy
1998 ?.); Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeia?a??ie
? oieneeieia??” (Ee?a, 28-29 o?aaiy 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 57 ?iaioao, o o.
/. 10 naiino?eieo ? 47 o ni?aaaoi?noa?. Ca aeaeaie ioae?eaoe??
?iciiae?eyeeny: 1 iiiia?ao?y, 1 a?ioo?a, 28 noaoae o aeo?iaeao ?
ca??ieeao, 27 oac aeiiia?aeae, a o./. 4 o ca?oa?aeieo aeaeaiiyo. 10
naiino?eieo ioae?eaoe?e neeaaeathoue: 1 a?ioo?a, 8 noaoae a aeo?iaeao ?
ca??eao, 1 oace aeiiia?ae?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 321
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, c ieo 220 noi?. oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 8 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ocaaaeueiaiiy,
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, aeniiae?a ? 36 aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeth/a? 58
oaaeeoeue ? 43 ?enoiee. Ianya oaaeeoeue, ?enoie?a ? aeiaeaoe?a neeaaea?
131 noi??ieo. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee ia? 314 a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

I?ia?aia, ia’?eoe, iaoiaee ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iaoe ? caaea/, ui aeieeaathoue c ia?, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee a
iaoo?ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao ca 4 iniiaieie iai?yieaie:

1. Aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo aeaea?ae caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey eiiieaenii
ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei aoee
i?iaiae?ciaai? iaoa??aee uiaei ??ai?a ? ani?oeiaio?a IIIAe, ui
canoiniaoaaeenue, ca aeaaaeoeyoei’yoe??/iee ia??iae a Oe?a?i? ? ??
o?ueio a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao (Iie?nny, E?ninoai ? Noai).

A?aoiaoth/e ??ciiiai?oio i?aeaioiaeo oaa?eiieoeueeeo a?aeoiae?a (?OA,
OOA, ioe) ia naeia?nueeeo eiiieaenao ? ainiiaea?noaao A?O ia
i?iieneia?e iniia?, i?aaenoaaeyeiny aeioe?eueiei ioe?ieoe ye?niee
neeaae ? nooi?iue i/enoee a?aeoiae?a ia ooo/ieo nii?oaeao a aniaeo?
ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

2. A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea noaio aeiae?eey a oiiaao noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy
IIIAe a n?eueainiae?iaieoeoa?. O ca’yceo c oeei a 4-o aaciaeo iaeanoyo
(??aiainueea, *a?eanueea, Iaeanueea ? Caea?iaonueea) Oe?a?ie a
aeine?aeieo ? eiio?ieueieo ciiao c ??cieie OI IIIAe, a oaeiae o aeaio
iaeanoyo (Ee?anueea, Aei?i?iiao?ianueea) c oe?ieei canoinoaaiiyi o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa (?OA, OOA, inaae ?
?i.) i?iaiaeeeanue a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
(a?oio, aiaei? aeaea?aea, iia?o?y) ? ?ineei.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii?
neeaaeaee: ianoeoeeae?a 3.865 ea/aa, ani?oeiaioiee ?iaeaen (A?) — 4.667,
i?iaeia?ea — 104.9 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea — 17.0 o/aa; a
eiio?ieuei?e cii? — a?aeiia?aeii 2.25 ea/aa, 3.07, 80.4 ea/aa ? 6.6
o/aa. O ??aiainuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? OI ianoeoeeae?a
aei??aithaaee 6.096 ea/aa, A? ?o — 8.136, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea — 278
ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea — 12.1 o/ aa; a eiio?ieuei?e cii? —
a?aeiia?aeii 1.267 ea/aa, 1.755, 197 ea/aa ? 8.8 o/aa. A Iaeanuee?e
iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? OI ianoeoeeae?a neeaaeaee — 6.328 ea/aa, A?
?o — 7.34, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea — 110 ea/ aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea — 9.6
o/aa; a eiio?ieuei?e cii? — a?aeiia?aeii 2.89 ea/aa, 3.533, 77 ea/aa ?
3.7 o/aa. A Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? OI ianoeoeeae?a
canoiniaoaaee c ?ic?aooieo 7.1 ea/aa, A? ?o — 8.98, i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea — 401 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea — 14.4 o/aa; a eiio?ieuei?e
cii? — a?aeiia?aeii 5.2 ea/aa, 6.58, 281ea/aa ? 11.8 o/aa.

C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy aaciaee iaaaioaaeaiue IIIAe, ui ?aeiiaiaeothoueny
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noao, aoa i?iaaaeaiee o?ii?/iee
nai?oa?ii-oieneeieia?/iee aenia?eiaio ia a?eeo uo?ao, ye? ii?aeaee
ca?ii y/iaith, ae?iuaiiai ia ae?eyieao i?e cae/aei?e ? ?ioaineai?e
oaoiieia?yo ae?iuoaaiiy aeuacaaaeaii? eoeueoo?e.

3. Aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a ??cieo iaeanoyo
(??aiainueea,*a?eanueea, Iaeanueea, Caea?iaonueea) iniiaieo
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie ca iaoa??aeaie caa?oaiiy aei
iie?ee?i?ee cae?enithaaeiny ca iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
AIAe?A?IOIENA ? IAe?CEA ?i. I.I. Ia?ca?aa (I?ia?aia N. 10, 1984, 1985 ?
Iaoiae. ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, 1985).

Ca?aeii iaeaco ii IIC O?N? ?379 a?ae 05.06. 85?. “I?i i?iaaaeaiiy ca
?aeeiith i?ia?aiith aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao ianoeoeeae?a ? ?aaoeyoi??a
?inoo ?ineei ia noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy” o aeeiiaii? oe??? i?ia?aie
Ee?anueeee IAe? caaaeueii? ? eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie aoa i?ecia/aiee
i?ia?aeiith onoaiiaith a O?N?, a?aeiia?aeaeueiei ca i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, ui iaaeoiaeeee a?ae
aeeiiaaoe?a. A oeae aea iai?yiie aoiaeeee iaoiaeeee ii iiaeaethaaiith
noaio aeiae?eey ? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae ia ia?niaeoeao. Aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae i?e ?icae?euei?e ae?? OI
IIIAe aeei?enoiaoaaeany iaeiioaeoi?ia e?i?eia ?aa?an?eia ooieoe?y. Aeey
iienaiiy i?iaiiciaaii? caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy i?e ni?euei?e
ae?? IIIAe aoea canoiniaaia iiaeaeue iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an??.

4. ?ic?iaea ? iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.
??oaiiy oeueiai iai?yieo iieyaaei a ?ic?iaoe? ? iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii?
a?a??i?/ieo ?aaeaiaio?a i?e ?icae?eueiiio ? noi?niiio canoinoaaii? OI
ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a, ui ia aeeeeeathoue ?noioiiai i?aeaeuaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a, a oaeiae caa?oaeiaiiy
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeaiia iaoiaeaie (a?aoi-aiae?oe/iei ?
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy) anoaiiaethaaeenue ca 10 eeanaie oai?ia
ii?iaia? ? i?aeii?iaia? OI IIIAe, ui ia aeeeeeaee ?noioiiai c?inoaiiy
caoai?thaaiino?. C /enea i?aeii?iaiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue IIIAe aeae?aeany
e?i?ooth/a iciaea oe?aeeeaino?, i?aaenoaaeaia eeanii oai?ia c iaeiaioei
??aiai caoai?thaaiino?, ui ia ci?ith?oueny a?ae aeaii? OI IIIAe.
Aaee/eia oaei? e?i?ooth/i? iciaee oe?aeeeaino? aoea e?eoa??aeueiei
??aiai OI IIIAe, oiaoi a?aie/ii aeiionoeiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi eiiieaeno
ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea.

I?i ianya ? oa?aeoa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia noaeeoe ii
e?eueeino? aeeiiaieo aiae?c?a o ??cieo ia’?eoao aeiae?eey, iaaaaeaieo a
oaae. 1.

Caaaeueia e?euee?noue aeeiiaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeoiae?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa, a?oioo, ?ineei ? aiaee aeinyaaea 8425.
Oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (aenia?eiaio ia oaa?eiao)
aeeth/aee 3990 o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aiae?c?a. I?e aea/aii? caoai?thaaiino? ca
caa?oaiiyi ca iaaee/iith aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaii 5807 ea?o,
i?iaiae?ciaaii 69172 aecia/aiiy a?aeii/eo neoaea ii oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
noaio iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ??cieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Ia’?i ? oa?aeoa?enoeea aeine?aeaeaiue.

E?euee?noue aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiueIa’?eoe ? oa?aeoa?AnueiaiC ieo ca
iieacieeaieaeine?aeaeaiueO?ceei-o?i?/i?aaeuei?ioieia?/i?
i?e?ia?ieia?/i?A?aeoiaee oaa?eiieoeoaa (?OA, OOA,
ioe)25282056271201A?oio39503368313269?ineeie10721072—Aiaea97584134-Anue
iai84257337618470

A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?aeaioiaee a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeueeeo
eiiieaen?a aei ?o aeei?enoaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Ia
naeiieiiieaenao, ?ic?aoiaaieo ia ai?no 108 oen. aie?a ia ??e, i?eeiyoa
oaoiieia?/ia e?i?y ?oae?enueei? o??ie Aeae?-A-Aeae?. Aea/aia
aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee a?aeoiae?a ia 4-o naeiieiiieaenao
(Aiinoie?anueeee, Eaeeoyinueeee, Oaeaa??nueeee, Caaaae?anueeee),
iai?aae?iaie/?e onoaiiaoe? E?A? ? eiiieaen? A?O (Iaoo?anueeee).

Aeaionooiaiaaa a?ieia?/ia i/enoea oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany iecueeith
aoaeoeai?noth: ai?no caaeneeo ?a/iaei aeinyaaa 5700 ia/aei3, ai?a/iiai
acioo — 228 ia/aei3, aeniea ieenethaai?noue — aei 350 iaI2/aei3 ? ANE5 —
aei 544 iaI2/aei3, aenieee ?iaeaen AAEI — aei 27.8109, iayai?noue a
ie?aieo c?aceao noieo iaoiaaiieo aioa?iaaeoa??e — I124, a oaeiae y?oeue
aaiaaeuei?io?a — a?ey 37 aec/aei3.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui noia?ia aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee (ca an?ia o?i?/ieie
? a?ieia?/ieie iieacieeaie) ia iaeiioeiiaeo nii?oaeao a oiiaao Noaiiai?
ciie Oe?a?ie aeua (95.6 %), i?ae a E?ninoaiia?e cii? (88.6 %). Iaeiae ca
ie?aieie iieacieeaie neeae no?/ieo aiae o aiaeieieua iaiiaeeeaee /a?ac
na?eicio o?i?/io ? ai?aeai?/io iaaaciaeo.

Cai?iiiiiaaia E?A? aenia?eiaioaeueia iai?aae?iaie/a onoaiiaea yaey?
niaith nenoaio iaoai?/ii? i/enoee ?A a aa?oeeaeueiiio a?aeno?eieeia?,
i?ney oeueiai — o?ueioaoaiii? a?ieia?/ii? i/enoee aa?oaaiiyi, c
a?aenoithaaiiyi i?ney

eiaeiiai aoaio ? iiaeaeueoi? aeii/enoee a o?ueionaeoe?eiiio a?ieia?/iiio
noaaeo ia i?ioyc? 3-o i?nyoe?a. Aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee ia oe?e onoaiiaoe?
aeinyaa? 97.9%. A?aoiaoth/e ciaoiaeaeaiiy iaoiaaiieo aoa?eo?e (I124 a
2.1% aeiaaee?a) o no?/i?e aiae?, yeo a?aee c noaaea-iaeiie/oaa/a,
ioe?ieoe ?? iiceoeaii iaiiaeeeai.

Ia eiiieaenao A?O, ye i?aaeei, canoiniao?oueny iaoai?/ia i/enoea aiith
c 2-4 i?ny/iei caa??aaiiyi a aii?noiaeuao ? aeei?enoaiiyi ?OA ? OOA ye
aeia?eaa.

Aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ciaoeiaeaeaiiy a?aeoiae?a, ui i?iaiaeeeiny ia
nii?oaeao Iaoo?anueeiai eiiieaeno A?O, iiooaei?noth 2000 i3 ??aeeiai
aiith ia aeiao, aeyaeei iecuee? iieacieee. Oae, caaene? ?a/iaeie aei
i/enoee neeaaeaee 99602926 ia/aei3, i?ney i/enoee — 3700938 ia/aei3,
oiaoi aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee aei??aithaaea 62.9 %. ANE5 a?aeiia?aeii
cieaeoaaeinue c 2556 354.6 aei 599 55.5 iaI2/aei3 (76.6 %), ?iaeaen
AAEI — c 50.210623.5106 aei 56.310547.9 105 EIA/aei3 (99.3 %). Noia?ia
aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee ca an?ia iieacieeaie aeinyaaea eeoa 80.35.1 %.

Oaeei /eiii, a?aeoiaee naeiieiiieaen?a ? A?O, i/euai? ia nii?oaeao
iaoai?/ii?, aeaio- ? o?ueionooiaiaai? a?ieia?/ii? i/enoee, ia
aeiaiaeyoueny aei iaiao?aeieo a?a??i?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a.
Oae? a?aeoiaee aeiaaathoue aeii/enoee, a o. /. ? a?oioiaei iaoiaeii i?e
iaeaaeiiio a?a??i?/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?.

?nioth/a i?aeoeea i?aeaioiaee aei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
aeei?enoaiiy oaa?aei? o?aeoe?? aiith ? ioe?a oeyoii ?o o?eaaeiai
caa??aaiiy a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao iio?aao? iaoeiai? a?a??i?/ii? ioe?iee.
Aoaeoeai?noue naiii/euaiiy OOA ? ioe?a aecia/aeany ia aac?
Eaeeoyinueeiai (E?ninoaiiaa ciia), Oaeaa??nueeiai ? Aiinoie?anueeiai
naeiieiiieaen?a (Noaiiaa ciia) Oe?a?ie.

A Noaiia?e cii? ?I OOA eieeaaeanue a iaaeao 6.5-7.7, oiaoi, aoea
oa?aeoa?iith aeey oeueiai noano?aoo. Aieia?noue OOA c /anii caa??aaiiy
cieaeoaaeany: a?ae 66.8 % a oeaoo o?eueo?oaaiiy aei 44.5 % /a?ac 3
i?nyoe? ? aei 42.3 % /a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a. ??aaiue ai?noo ai?a/iiai acioo
ca /an caa??aaiiy cieaeoaaany (c 38.9 aei 29.0 /a?ac 3 i?nyoe? ? aei
14.1 ia/ea /a?ac 5-6 i?nyoe?a), a e?euee?noue i?o?ao?a c?inoaea (c 1.1
aei 3.8 ia/ea /a?ac 5-6 i?nyoe?a), ui na?ae/eoue i?i neaaeo
i?ia?ae?caoe?th i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei. A cii? Noaio aaeoa??ieia?/i?
iieacieee OOA c /anii caa??aaiiy ci?ithaaeeny iacia/ii. Oae, oeo? AAEI
/a?ac 3 i?nyoe? iia?eueii i?aeaeuoaaany c 10-6 aei 10-5, a /a?ac ??e —
aei 10-3. Ai?no y?oeue aaiaaeuei?io?a a OOA i?e caa??aaii? iaaea?, aea
oaeiae iia?eueii: c 24.7 aec/ea aei 8.0 aec/ea /a?ac 3 i?nyoe?, aei 0.0
aec/ea /a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a.

A cii? E?ninoaio o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee OOA oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue a?eueo
aenieith aieiaith (ia 15%), a?eueo iecueeei ai?noii acioo ai?aeo (ia
45%) ? i?o?ao?a (ia 68%). O ii??aiyii? c OOA, ioee, ye? a?aee c ioeiaeo
iaeaeai/ee?a iiia?aaeiuei? — ? aeii/enoee naeiieiiieaen?a, yaeythoue
niaith a?eueo na?eicio iaaaciaeo a nai?oa?iiio ? ai?aeai?/iiio ieai?. O
cii? Noaio ai?no ai?aeo ia ioeiaeo iaeaeai/eeao iiia?aaeiuei? i/enoee
aei??aithaaa 80.8 ia/ea, a ia aeii/enooe? — 78.2 ia/ea, eiioeaio?aoe?y
i?o?ao?a — a?aeiia?aeii 1.0 ? 1.6 ia/ea. Oeo? AAEI ia ioeiaeo
iaeaeai/eeao aei??aithaaa 10-6, a ia aeii/enooe? — 10-5; ai?no y?oeue
aaiaaeuei?io?a — a?aeiia?aeii 161.1 ? 275.5 aec/ea i?e aenieiio
aeaeeaaii? — 58.1 ? 39.3 %. O cii? E?ninoaio ia ioeiaeo iaeaeai/eeao
naeiieiiieaen?a a 2-3 ?ace a?eueoa ai?no ai?aeo ? iaioa i?o?ao?a, a oeo?
AAEI ia 1-2 ii?yaeee ieae/ee.

I?i iaaeinoaoith aoaeoeai?noue i?aeaioiaee a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa
oeyoii o?eaaei? aeo?eiee a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao na?ae/aoue ? aeai? ii
Iaoo?anueeiio eiiieaeno A?O. Oae, o a?aenoi?, aeo?eiaiiio a aii?noiaeu?
ia i?ioyc? a?ey 4 i?nyoe?a, ai?no ai?a/iiai acioo aoa aenieei — a?ey 800
ia/ea, CII eieeaaeinue a?ae 2.5 aei 22 iei. (a na?aaeiueiio 13 iei.)
EIA/ni3, a oeo? AAEI aoa o iaaeao 10-5-10-6 .

Oaeei /eiii, i?aeaioiaea OOA ? ioe?a naeia?nueeeo eiiieaen?a ? A?O
oeyoii o?eaaei? aeo?eiee ?o a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao ia aeiaiaeeoue ye?noue
a?aeoiae?a aei iaiao?aeieo a?a??i?/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a. Oae?
a?aeoiaee aeiaaathoue aeii/enoee, a o. /. ? a?oioiaei iaoiaeii, ia
iniia? iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy a?a??i?/ieo ?aaeaiaio?a i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea
a oiiaao ?o noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?. A?a??i?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ooee?caoe?? a?aeoiae?a
naeia?nueeeo eiiieaen?a ? aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aeeiioaaeiny
a oiiaao E?ninoaio oeyoii aianaiiy a a?oio i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea,
??aeeiai ? oaa?aeiai aiith a ??cieo ii?aeiaiiyo. O ?acoeueoao? aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aenie? eiioeaio?aoe?? ai?a/iiai acioo ?
i?o?ao?a, caaaeueiiai i?e?iaiiai ian?iai?iiy aecia/aeeny cae/aeii a
a?oio? ae?eyiie, eoaee aiineeeny acioii-oinoi?ii-eae?ei? aeia?eaa ?
ai?e a e?eueeino? 100 ? 200 o/aa ( NPK+100 ? NPK+200). Iaea?eueo
aacia/iei ? iaaaioaaeaiiy a 60 o/ aa.

I?e aecia/aii? a?a??i?/ieo ii?i aianaiiy a?aeoiae?a eiiieaen?a A?O ye
aeia?eaa i?ae o?e eoeueoo?e ( y/i?iue, eoeo?oaeca, iceia ioaieoey) o
cii? E?ninoaio anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e canoinoaaii? noieo A?O, ?icaaaeaiiai
noaaeiaith aiaeith 1:5 aai 1:7 ianoaaaea iiaia i?ia?ae?caoe?y ?
ciaoeiaeaeaiiy i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeiaiue aei e?ioey aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo (?en.1), oiaoi oey nenoaia aeia?ea a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeia.

Canoinoaaiiy noieo A?O, ?icaaaeaiiai noaaeiaith aiaeith 1:5, aea a
eiia?iaoe?? c oaa?aeei aii?i A?O i?ecaiaeeoue aei oei/aniaiai
caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo o?i?/ieie niieoeaie (ai?ae, i?o?aoe); naiii/euaiiy
a?oioo ianoa? eeoa aei e?ioey ianooiiiai aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo, oiio
oaea noaia ooee?caoe?? noieo A?O a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeia 1 ?ac a 2 ?iee.
Aianaiiy a a?oio ia?icaaaeaiiai ?A A?O o e?eueeino? 1000-1600 i3/aa
i?ecaiaeeoue aei noaa?eueiiai o?i?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy i?iiai oa?o
niieoeaie acioo: ai?no acioo ai?aeo ? i?o?ao?a ia?aaeuoaaa AAeE (130
ia/ea) a 2-2,5 ?ace, ui a?a??i?/ii iai?eionoeii.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue c a?a??i?/ii? ?aaeaiaioaoe?? a oiiaao
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aa??aio?a aianaiiy
i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?e cae/aei?e ? ?ioaineai?e
oaoiieia?yo o?i?caoe?? n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa iieacaee ianooiia. Aianaiiy
aeia?ea, ye i?aaeei, i?ecaiaeeei aei i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy o?i?/ieo ?
a?ieia?/ieo aaaio?a o a?oio? ia ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo i?e
ae?iuoaaii? ei?iiaeo ? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? (ao?ye, y/i?iue oa ?i.). Aei
e?ioey ia??iaeo aaaaoaoe?? ?ineei ?o ??ai? noaa?e?coaaeenue ? iaeaea ia
a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae eiio?ieueieo. Oae, ai?no i?o?ao?a ia ii/aoeo
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo c?inoaa aei 80-120 ia/ea a?oioo ye i?e
cae/aei?e, oae ? i?e ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?yo, iaeiae a?i ia ia?aaeuoaaa
anoaiiaeaiee a?a??i?/iee ii?iaoea — 130 ia/ea, i?ney oeueiai aei e?ioey
aaaaoaoe?? cieceany ia aeae?eueea ii?yaee?a.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e noi?niiio canoinoaaii? ??ciiiai?oieo IIIAe a oiiaao
aaaaoii?eueii? n?aici?ie i?e cae/aei?e ? ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?yo
a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeieie ? iaaaioaaeaiiy:

— i?e ae?iuoaaii? ei?iiaeo eoeueoo? ( ao?ye) — aei 120 ea/aa ii acioo
(N) ? oinoi?o (?2I5) ? aei 200 ea/aa ii eae?th ? aianaiith a a?oio aei
50 o/aa aiith aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae;

— i?e ae?iuoaaii? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? (y/i?iue) — N60?60E60, N60+N60 ?
N30P60K160+N30 (IV) ia oii? eiioeaio?aoe?e ianoeoeeae?a, ui
canoiniaothoueny ia i?aeoeoe?.

Aea/aiiy o?aineieaoe?? ?ia?aae??io?a a?aeoiae?a naeia?nueeiai eiiieaeno
c a?oioo a ?ineeie a oiiaao Noaio iieacaei, ui i?e aieiaica?yaeieo
iieeaao, a oaeiae i?e oaeia?aii? a?oioo OOA ? i?iaeia?eaaie
niinoa??aaeiny iaeiie/oaaiiy ai?aeo ? i?o?ao?a o ca?i? eoeo?oaece. Ca
iieacieeaie o?aineieaoe?? a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeiei ne?ae aaaaeaoe
canoinoaaiiy aeey oaeia?aiiy oaa?aei? o?aeoe?? aiith naeiieiieaeno o
e?eueeino? 20 o/aa, no?/ieo aiae i?e ie?aiiio canoinoaaii? (2300 i3/ aa)
aai a eiia?iaoe?? c i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie a e?eueeino? aei 60 ea/aa
ii acioo ? oinoi?o.

?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy o?aineieaoe?? ?ia?aae??io?a a?aeoiae?a aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae a cii? E?ninoaio iieacaee, ui noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia
iaeiie/aiiy acioai?noeeo niieoe a ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?ao (y/i?iue, iceia
ioaieoey) iaei i?noea i?e oaeia?aii? ae?eyiie ia?icaaaeaiei ??aeeei
aii?i i?e iaaaioaaeaiiyo 1000-1600 i3/aa ca nacii aai noieaie,
?icaaaeaieie 1:3. Oae? nenoaie aeia?ea ia a?aeiia?aeathoue a?a??i?/iei
aeiiaai. Acioai?noe? niieoee o iaoiene/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo aoee aeyaeai?
a ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?ao ia ae?eyieao, aea a a?oio aiineee no?/i? aiaee
eiiieaen?a A?O, ?icaaaeai? noaaeiaith aiaeith 1: 5 aai 1: 7; oaea
nenoaia aeia?ea iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaia a i?aeoeeo c a?a??i?/ieo
iiceoe?e.

Aeei?enoaiiy aenieeo iaaaioaaeaiue (3200-5000 i3/aa) ??aeei? o?aeoe??
aiith naeiieiiieaen?a ia i?ioyc? o?eaaeiai oa?i?io (2-3 ?iee) ia oii?
aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea (300-500 ea/aa) i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ae?aaeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioiaeo aiae, i?e oeueiio acioai?noe? niieoee
a 4-20 ?ac ia?aaeuoaaee AAeE. Aianaiiy i?aeaioiaeaiiai noieo A?O o a?oio
a e?eueeino? 1200-2000 i3/aa/nacii ia aeeeeea? iaaaciaee caa?oaeiaiiy
a?oioiaeo aiae niieoeaie acioo ? oiio oaea nenoaia aeia?ea a?a??i?/ii
aeiionoeia.

Canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ?c ?ic?aooieo N60?60E60, N60+N60 ?
N30?60E60+N30 i?e cae/aei?e, a oaeiae i?e ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?yo ia
oii? aianaiiy i?aai?/iiai aeia?eaa (i?aeaioiaeaiee ai?e A?O) a
e?eueeino? 50 o/aa ? i?eeiyoeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo ianoeoeeae?a aeey ia?iaee
ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?, ? caaeainiaaiei ? iaoe?aeeeaei, oae ye i?e
caiaeiaoaaii? oaa?eiai y/iaith, ae?iuaiiai i?e aeuacacia/aieo oiiaao, ia
aeyaeaii a?aeoeeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ia i?ioyc? o?ii?/iiai
nai?oa?ii-oieneeieia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo.

A?a??i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a a
??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie. ?icaeyaeaeenue oe? aniaeoe ia
i?eeeaae? Caea?iaonueei? ? ??aiainueei? iaeanoae (ia iaeaniiio ?
?aeiiiiio ??aiyo — iicaeiaaei? niinoa?aaeaiiy), aea iaea?eueo ae?aaeaii
ai?iaaaeaeoaaeeny a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? IIIAe.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a a Oe?a?i? ca 25 ?ie?a
eieeaathoueny ca ?ieaie. Iaea?eueo? aaee/eie OI OCC? i?eoiaeyoueny ia
1986 ?., eiee a Oe?a?i? aiie neeaaeaee a na?aaeiueiio 5.6 ea/aa; a
iiaeaeueoiio — cieaeoaaeenue ? a 1990 ?. aei??aithaaee 3.2 ea/aa.
Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ia a?oio ci?ithaaeeny a
caeaaeiino? a?ae a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui a 1986
?. a Oe?a?i? a?a??i?/i? (I. O. Iiooceinueeee oa ?i., 1993) ? aa?io?i?/i?
( A. I. Aaneeue?a oa ?i., 1989) ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? OI ianoeoeeae?a a 4.0
ea/aa aoee ia?aaeuai? a cii? Noaio a 7 c 9 iaeanoae, a cii? E?ninoaio —
a 9 c 9 iaeanoae ? a cii? Iie?nny — a 6 c 7 iaeanoae, a a oe?eiio ii
Oe?a?i? — a 22 c 25 iaeanoae aai a 88 % aeiaaee?a.

Aeiaaio?eaae? ia?aaaioaaeaiiy aa?io?i?eao?a ia a?oio i?ecaaee aei
caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ca aeaieie Caea?iaonueei?
iaeanii? ? ?aeiiieo NAN, caeeoeia? e?eueeino? ianoeoeeae?a a 1988 ?. a
aeiae?ee? aoee aeyaeai? a 2.91-13.89 % i?ia, neeaaeath/e a na?aaeiueiio
9.24 %. I?e oeueiio /enei i?ia c ia?aaeuaiiyi AAeE ianoeoeeae?a
eieeaaeinue a?ae 0.15 aei 5.97 % a?ae e?eueeino? an?o i?ia,
aei??aithth/e a na?aaeiueiio 1.08 %.

Ca aeaieie Aeiia?aae?anueei? NAN Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?, i?e OI
ianoeoeeae?a 5.60 ea/aa ca 1988-1990 ?.?. iaea?eueoee ai?no ?o aeyaeaiee
a iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie ? aoiinoa?iiio iia?o?? — 36.4-31.4 %, na?aaei?e —
a a?oio? — 17.2 % ? iaeiaioee — a ieoi?e aiae? — 4.3 %.

*enei iiceoeaieo i?ia ia ianoeoeeaee ii ?aeiiao ??aiainueei? iaeano?
eieeaaeinue a?ae 4.8 aei 22.3 %, neeaaeath/e a na?aaeiueiio 10.6 %. I?e
oeueiio /enei i?ia, aea caeeoeia? e?eueeino? ianoeoeeae?a ia?aaeuoaaee
AAeE, ii ?aeiiao iaeano? eieeaaeinue a?ae 0.56 aei 7.85 %, aei??aithth/e
a na?aaeiueiio ii iaeano? 2.96 %. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui /enei i?ia, aea ai?no
ianoeoeeae?a aoa aeuee AAeE, ca?eueooaaeiny a e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae
/enea i?ia, iiceoeaieo ia i?enooi?noue ianoeoeeae?a.

Ocaaaeueiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea OI i?iaeia?ea a Oe?a?i? ca 25-??/iee
ia??iae (1966-1990 ?.?.) aeicaieeea aeyaeoe ?yae iniaeeainoae. A
na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i? ca 1966-1970 ?.?. aiie aei??aithaaee 46 ea/aa, a
1986-1990 ?.?. i?aeaeuoaaeeny aei 148 ea/aa, cieaeoth/enue a ianooii?
?iee. OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ci?ithaaeeny ii a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
ciiao: a 1986-1990 ?.?. a cii? Noaio aiie aei??aithaaee 114 ea/aa, a
cii? E?ninoaio — 168 ea/aa ? a cii? Iie?nny — 199 ea/aa. ?iciao OI
i?iaeia?ea a eiaei?e c a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii ci?ithaaany a
caeaaeiino? a?ae i?io?eth n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa, ca?eueooth/enue a
iaeanoyo c ?icaeiaiei aeiia?aaea?noaii.

OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a Oe?a?i? ia?aaeuoaaee a?aeiia?aei? iieacieee a
NOA ? Eaiaae?. Oae, a NOA a 1984 ?., ca aeaieie AIAe?OAI, OI ?o
aei??aithaaea 107 ea/aa, a a Oe?a?i? a 1985 ?. — 129.0 ea/aa (I. I.
Ai?iaei?e, 1990), oiaoi a 1.25 ?ac?a a?eueoa.

sseui noaoe ia iiceoe?? a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e (?. A. ?anoao’?aa,
A. I. Aaoe?i, 1993), ?aaeaiaiooth/eo OI i?iaeia?ea a cii? Noaio — 100
ea/aa, a a oaeaiai-e?nia?e — 200 ea/aa, oi ?aaeuei? OI aeia?ea a cii?
Noaio ca 1986-1990 ?.?. i?aeaeuai? a 8 c 9 iaeanoae, a cii? E?ninoaio —
a 8 c 9 iaeanoae ? a cii? Iie?nny — a 5 c 7 iaeanoae ? a oe?eiio ii
Oe?a?i? a 84% an?o iaeanoae. A 1988 ?. OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
ia?aaeuoaaee a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a 7 c 7 ?aeii?a Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano? ? a 10 c 15 ?aeii?a ??aiainueei? iaeano?.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea a 1993 ?. neeaaeaee a
cii? Noaio 4.0 o/aa, eieeaath/enue a?ae 2.1 o/aa a Iaeanuee?e iaeano?
aei 5.5 o/aa a E?eio; a cii? E?ninoaio aiie a na?aaeiueiio aei??aithaaee
8.7 o/aa, c ?iciaoii a?ae 6.3 o/aa a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? aei 8.7 o/aa
a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? ? aei 12.8 o/aa a *a?i?aaoeuee?e iaeano?; a cii?
Iie?nny oeae iieaciee a na?aaeiueiio aeinyaaa 10.1 o/aa, a eieeaaiiy
aoee a?ae 8.9 o/aa a Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? aei 10.3 o/aa a ??aiainuee?e
iaeano? ? aei 12.2 o/aa a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano?. A na?aaeiueiio ii
Oe?a?i? oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea neeaaeaee 7.4
o/aa. Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy a?eueo 10 o/aa a cii? Noaio ia
a?aecia/ai?, a cii? E?ninoaio — niinoa??aaeeny a 2 c 9 iaeanoae ? a cii?
Iie?nny — a 4 c 7 iaeanoae.

O ca’yceo c ?ioaineaiei aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea
eiioeaio?aoe?y acioai?noeeo niieoe (i?o?ao?a ? i?o?eo?a) a aeiae?ee?
i?aeaeuoaaeany. Ii ?aeiiao ??aiainueei? iaeano? a 1988-1990 ?.?.
e?euee?noue i?ia ?ineeiii? i?iaeoeoe??, a ye?e ai?no i?o?ao?a aoa aeuei
IAe?, eieeaaeanue a?ae 11.12 aei 24.18 %, a a na?aaeiueiio — 18.2 %.

Oaeei /eiii, caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aa?io?i?eaoaie, ui
niinoa??aa?oueny aieiaiei /eiii i?e ?ioaineaiiio n?eueainiae?iaieoeoa?,
noai?th? iaaaciaeo iia??oaiiy noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy ? aeiaaa?
iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy a?a??i?/ii? ?aaeaiaioaoe?? noi?niiai
canoinoaaiiy IIIAe.

A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? ??ai?a
oaeoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a ia i?aai?ci ae?oae
a ciiao niinoa?aaeaiiy aaciaeo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie. Aea?ai? aeey aea/aiiy
ciie niinoa?aaeaiiy (??aiainueea, Iaeanueea, *a?eanueea ? Caea?iaonueea
iaeano?) a?aeiinyoueny aei iniiaieo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo ?
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii e?a?ie. Iacaaaeath/e ia ianooo?a? a?aei?iiino?,
aeine?aei? ? eiio?ieuei? ciie an?o 4-o iaeanoae aoee ii??aiyeuei? ca
i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieie, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie ? a?a??i?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Iniiai? a?aei?iiino? i?ae aeine?aeieie ? eiio?ieueieie
ciiaie an?o aaciaeo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie i?aaenoaaeai? ??cieie
oa?eoi??aeueieie ? ani?oeiaioieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie ianoeoeeae?a ?
aa?io?i?eao?a.

A aeine?aeieo ciiao OI ianoeoeeae?a eieeaaeenue a?ae 3.865 aei 7.1
ea/aa, oiaoi a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? — 3.865 ea/aa — a?ey a?a??i?/ii?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a 4.0 ea/aa (ii I. O. Iiooceinueeiio ? ?i., 1993), a a
Iaeanuee?e — 6.096 ea/aa, a ??aiainuee?e — 6.328 ea/aa ? a
Caea?iaonuee?e — 7.1 ea/aa — ia 50-75 % aeua iaaaaeaiiai ?aaeaiaioo. A
eiio?ieueieo ciiao OI ianoeoeeae?a aoee a ae?aiacii? a?ae 1.267 aei 5.2
ea/aa, a naia: a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? — 1.267, a *a?eanuee?e — 2.25, a
Iaeanuee?e — 2.89 ? a Caea?iaonuee?e — 5.2 ea/aa. Ioaea, OI ianoeoeeae?a
a eiio?ieueieo ciiao ia?oeo o?ueio iaeanoae neeaee a?aeiia?aeii 32, 56 ?
72 % a?ae a?a??i?/iiai ?aaeaiaioo a 4.0 ea/aa, a a Caea?iaonuee?e
iaeano? — 130 %, ui a 1.3 ?ace aeua a?a??i?/iiai ?aaeaiaioo, aea a 1.36
?ace ieae/a oeueiai iieacieea a aeine?aei?e cii?.

A oaeeo oiiaao anoaiiaeaia caa?oaeiaiiy ianoeoeeaeaie aeiae?eey ?
oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a. Oae, a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? a
iia?o?? aeyaeaii 31.7 % i?ia c iayai?noth ianoeoeeae?a, a eiio?ieuei?e
cii? — 20.0 %, a a?oio? — 15.4 ? 0 %, a n?eueaini?ineeiao — 1.75 ? 0 %.

Aaaeo/ei oaeoi?ii, ui oi?io? oaeoe/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeaeaie (OII)
i?aai?cio ae?oae, ? e?euee?nia ? ye?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea OI OCC?, yea
ia?aaeuo? a?a??i?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Iniiaiei oeyoii ?o iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a
i?aai?ci ae?oae ? oa?/iaee (86.7-94.8 %), aeiaeaoeiaei — c aoiinoa?iei
iia?o?yi (5.2-13.3%) ? aeiiii?aeiei — c ieoiith aiaeith
(ne?aee-iaeeieoe? %). Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aaee/eie oaeoe/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeaeaie, ui iaaeoiaeyoue a i?aai?ci ae?oae c
aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y, aecia/aeeny a nioeo ? oeny/ieo /anoeao ia/ea iane
o?ea, a c oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a ?ineeiiiai aeaea?aea — a aeanyoeo /anoeao
ia/ea iane o?ea, ana-oaee iaee i?noea ?noioi? ia?aaeuaiiy OII (AOOeA,
oei?ioin, iaoaoin) iaae AeAeAe aeey oeeo i?aia?ao?a.

A?aei?/ai? oaeoe iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aeayeeo ianoeoeeae?a (AeAeO, AeAeA,
e?iaeai) a a?oaeia ae?ii/a iieiei aiaeoaaeueieoeue c Iaeanueei? iaeano?,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeii?iaoeaia caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
? iaaaciaeo aeey caei?ia’y ye iaoa??, oae ? aeeoeie.

A aeine?aeieo ciiao OI i?iaeia?ea eieeaaeenue a?ae 104.9 aei 401 ea/aa,
a naia: a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? — 104.9, a Iaeanuee?e — 110.0, a
??aiainuee?e — 278 ? a Caea?iaonuee?e — 401 ea/aa. Ioaea, ia?aaeuaiiy
a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e cai?iiiiiaaieo (?. A. ?anoao’?aa, A. I.
Aaoe?i, 1993), neeaei a *a?eanuee?e iaeano? 4.9 %, a Iaeanuee?e — 10.0
%, a ??aiainuee?e — 39 % ? a Caea?iaonuee?e — 100 %. A eiio?ieueieo
ciiao an?o 3-o iaeanoae OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aoee ieae/? a?a??i?/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ca aeiyoeii Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?, aea aiie aoee aeaui
aeu? a?a??i?/iiai ?aaeaiaioo.

OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea a on?o aeine?aeieo (9.6-14.4 o/aa) ? eiio?ieueieo
(3.7-11.8 o/aa) ciiao niinoa?aaeaiiy aaciaeo iaeanoae aoee a iaaeao
a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Aeiyoie neeaea eeoa *a?eanueea iaeanoue, aea
a aeine?aei?e cii? OI oeeo aeia?ea a 17 o/aa ia?aaeuoaaea
?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey oe??? ciie 10 o/aa.

Iaaeii?iaoeai? OI i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea aeeeeeaee c?inoaiiy
ai?noo i?o?ao?a ? i?o?eo?a a aeiae?ee?, a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
?ineeiao, a oa?/iaeo ?aoe?iiao ? a i?aai?ci? ethaeae. A aeine?aei?e cii?
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? /enei i?ia ?ineei (iii?aei?e, ea?oiiey, eaionoa),
aea iaei i?noea ia?aaeuaiiy IAe? i?o?ao?a, neeaei 27.3 %, a a eiio?ie? —
7.5 % .

Aaee/eia oaeoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (OI) i?aai?cio ae?oae acioai?noeeie
niieoeaie ?inoa a e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae OI aa?io?i?eao?a. Iniiaieie
aeaea?aeaie oaeoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aai?cio ae?oae i?o?aoaie ?
i?o?eoaie ? oa?/ia? i?iaeoeoe ? a iaio?e i??? ieoia aiaea. I?e
iaaeii?iaoeaieo OI aa?io?i?eao?a ia? i?noea ia?aaeuaiiy oaeoe/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy i?o?aoaie ? i?o?eoaie iaae AeAeAe aeey oeeo niieoe aeey
i?aai?cio ae?oae 46 ?ie?a.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey ciie Noaio aaee/eia OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a 100
ea/aa ? a?a??i?/ii aeiionoeiith, ai i?e oeueiio OI i?o?aoaie ia
ia?aaeuo? AeAeAe (5 ia/ea iane o?ea aeeoeie). A oiiaao E?ninoaio OI
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aei 100 ea/aa ia aeeeeeaee ia?aaeuaiiy OI i?o?eo?a
iaae AeAeAe ? iaa?oue ?nio? aeayeee ?aca?a ca?eueoaiiy OI aa?io?i?eao?a.
A oiiaao Iie?nny OI i?iaeia?ea aei 200 ea/aa aoee a?a??i?/ii aeiionoei?,
ine?eueee OI i?o?eo?a ia ia?aaeuoaaee ?o AeAeAe (0.33 ia/ea iane o?ea)
aeey ae?oae 4-6 ?ie?a, aea OI iiiaae 300 ea/aa — ia?aaeuoaaee oeae
ii?iaoea.

Ioaea, i?e aaeeaaii? a ?aeo ianaeaiiyi n?eueainii?iaeoeoe?? c aenieei
ai?noii i?o?ao?a ? i?o?eo?a, eiioeaio?aoe?? yeeo ia?aaeuothoue AeAeAe,
iiaeia ia?aaeaa/eoe iioaioe?eia iia??oaiiy noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

Caoai?thaai?noue aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a ciiao ?ioaineaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie ii
oa?eoi??aeueii-ae?iaie/eo eiiieaenao, i?aae

noaaeaia a oaae. 2. A ?aeiiao ?ioaineaiiai n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie
??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae i?aeaeuo?oueny a e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino?
“oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy — /an — aoaeo”. A E?ninoaiia?e cii?
(*a?eanueea iaeanoue) i?e i?aeaeuaii? OI eiiieaeno OCC? ? aa?io?i?eao?a
(ianoeoeeae?a c 2.25 aei 3.865 ea/aa, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c 80.4 aei
104.9 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea c 6.6 aei 17.0 o/aa) ??aaiue
caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? i?aeaeuo?oueny c 204.4 9.8 aei 381.5 16.2
(p<0, 05). Oaaeeoey 2. Caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a a ciiao ?ioaineaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie (ia 1000 /ieia?e a?aeiia?aeii? noao? oa a?eo) a Iacaa eean?a, a?oi ? ie?aieo Iicieia?/ieo oi?i*a?eanueea IaeanoueIaeanueea iaeanoue??aiainueea iaeanoueCaea?iaonueea iaeanoueCaoai?thaaiueeiio- ?ieueAeine?aeeiio- ?ieueaeine?aeeiio- ?ieueaeine?aeeiio- ?ieueaeine?ae1. ?ioaeoe?ei? oa ia?aceoa?i? caoai?thaaiiy56,3 19,355,0 10,155,8 14,5110,3 12,968,0 2,459,8 2,2116,1 19,6305,4 14,6 2. Ceiye?ni? iiaiooai?aiiy---3,42,4----3. Caoai?thaaiiy aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie, ?iceaae oa?/oaaiiy, ii?o-oaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei oa ?ioi?oaoo- - 35,9 11,935,9 7,110,3 2,410,1 2,297,4 18,1116,8 10,14. Caoai?thaaiiy e?ia? oa e?iaioai?ieo i?aai?a1,2 0,81,1 0,68,0 5,615,3 5,05,6 2,45,6 2,2161,1 22,594,8 9,25. Ineo?/i? ?iceaaee 5,5 4,89,0 7,315,9 7,922,1 6,00,5 2,01,1 2,133,7 11,03,0 1,76. Caoai?thaaiiy ia?aiai? nenoaie oa i?aai?a /oooy3,0 2,45,4 4,439,8 12,337,3 7,8126,4 2,3132,5 2,186,1 17,2185,6 12,37. Caoai?thaaiiy nenoaie e?iaiia?ao3,2 1,93,2 2,18,0 5,65,1 2,922,6 3,412,1 3,152,4 13,644,9 6,58. Caoai?thaaiiy i?aai?a aeeoaiiy 61,9 17,9269,8 16,7673,3 29,6633,3 19,9438,4 2,3644,6 2,51531,8 55,22152,7 49,89. Caoai?thaaiiy i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy 8,5 12,011,0 9,015,9 7,98,5 3,878,0 4,167,6 3,8138,6 21,1308,4 14,610. Caoai?thaaiiy na/inoaoaai? nenoaie0,3 0,21,3 1,423,9 9,628,9 6,917,0 4,321,9 3,982,4 16,879,8 8,611. Caoai?thaaiiy oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie2,7 2,27,3 6,0-10,2 4,175,8 4,189,6 3,8378,7 16,5165,7 11,712. A?iaeaeai? aiiiae??--4,0 4,03,4 2,413,9 4,310,1 3,941,2 12,244,9 6,513. Neiioiie, iciaee oa iaoi/ii aecia/ai? noaie----35,6 4,28,4 3,9--14. Caaaeuei? neiioiie oa neiioiie, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei ia?aiai? ? e?noeiai-i’yciai? nenoai----15,4 4,31,6 3,863,7 14,911,0 3,315. O?aaie, io?o?iiy------52.4 13.689,8 9,0Anueiai ii i.i. 1 -15204,4 9,8381,5 16,2880,5 20,5908,3 11,9890,0 12,31066,3 10,92535 120,83602,8 96,7 I?ei?oea: * -iieaciee a??ia?aeiino? ?<0,05. A cii? Iie?nny (??aiainueea iaeanoue) i?e i?aeaeuaii? OI IIIAe (ianoeoeeae?a c 1.267 aei 6.328 ea/aa, i?iaeia?ea c 197.3 aei 276 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea c 8.8 aei 12.1 o/aa) ??aaiue caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? c?inoa? c 890.0 12.3 aei 1066.3 10.9 (p<0, 05). A cii? Iie?nny ( Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue), aea OI OCC? ? aa?io?i?eao?a aoee iaeaeu? (ianoeoeeae?a c 5.2 aei 7.1 ea/aa, i?iaeia?ea c 281 aei 401 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea c 11.8 aei 14.1 o/aa) caaaeueia caoai?thaai?noue c ??aiy 2535.6 120.8 (eiio?ieue) aeinyaa? 3602.8 96.7 (aeine?ae). A oiiaao ?ioaineaieo aa?io?i?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia a?oio i?aeaeuaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae aoei caeaa?eueoiai ca ?aooiie cae/aeieo ianiaoeeo?/ieo aeae?a iaoieia??. ?aiaia? i?noey (ieoiia aaaa) ie?aieo eean?a oai?ia a ciiao niinoa?aaeaiiy ?ici?noeeenue a oaeiio ii?yaeeo: 1) oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy; 2) ?ioaeoe?ei? ? ia?aceoa?i? oai?iae; 3) oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?aai?a /oooy; 4) oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy; 5) oai?iae oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie ? 6) oai?iae aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie, ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei ? ?ioi?oaoo ? o. ae. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi OI aa?io?i?eao?a ia a?oio, ii?yae c i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino?, iioe?th?oueny no?oeoo?a eean?a oai?ia o ae?oae. Oae, yeui a *a?eanuee?e iaeano?, aea OI aa?io?i?eao?a iii??i?, iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? aoee a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuai? ca aeaiia eeanaie oai?ia (oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue). I?e ca?eueoaii? OI OCC? ? aa?io?i?eao?a a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuoaaany ca 4 eeanaie oai?ia (oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue, oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?aai?a /oooy, a oaeiae oai?iae oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie). ?, ia?aoo?, a Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano?, aea OI ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a aoee iaeaeu?, iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? aoee i?aeaeuai? a??ia?aeii ca 7 eeanaie oai?ia (oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue, oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?aai?a /oooy, oai?iae oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie, ?ioaeoe?ei? ? ia?aceoa?i? oai?iae, oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, o?aaie ? io?o?iiy). A oiiaao i?aeaeuaieo aa?io?i?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia a?oio i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny eiioeaioe?y i?i ?o aieea ia a?eiao caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae: iaea?eueoo a a?oaeiiio a?oe? ? niaaeath/o a iine?aeiaiino?: ?aii? aeeoeinoai - ia?oa - ae?oaa aeeoeinoai. Oae, a Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? a aeine?aei?e cii? noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue a a?eia?e a?oi? 0-3 ?iee neeaaeaea - 5286.4 337.4 , a a?eia?e a?oi? 4-6 ?ie?a - 4292.6 213.2 ? a a?eia?e a?oi? 7-13 ?ie?a - 2485.8 86.6 . A?eiai-noaoaa? eieeaaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a ia iaee ??cei ae?aaeaieo c?ooaiue. O oeii/ee?a o ii??aiyii? c ae?a/aoeaie a??ia?aeii aeuith a on?o a?eiaeo a?oiao (0-3, 4-6 ? 7-14 ?ie?a) aoea caoai?thaai?noue ?ioaeoe?eieie ? ia?aceoa?ieie oai?iaaie. Ae?a/aoea oai??ee ?noioii /ano?oa oeii/ee?a oai?iaaie i?aai?a aeeoaiiy a aeaio a?eiaeo a?oiao: 0-3 ? 4-6 ?ie?a. Caoai?thaai?noue oai?iaaie ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?aai?a /oooy o a?oe? 4-6 ?ie?a aoea a??ia?aeii aeuao oeii/ee?a, i?ae o ae?a/aoie, a o a?oe? 7-13 ?ie?a ea?oeia ci?ithaaeany: o ae?a/aoie oe? iieacieee aoee ?noioii aeu?, i?ae o oeii/ee?a. A oe?eiio, yeui a?aoiaoaaoe ye a??ia?aei?, oae ? iaa??ia?aei?, aea cia/i? a?aei?iiino? iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? ca noaooth, oi aeyaey?oueny, ui ae?a/aoea ia 1/3 aeiaaee?a oai??ee /ano?oa, i?ae oeii/eee. I?e oeueiio c a?eii o ae?a/aoie ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? cieaeo?oueny, a o oeii/ee?a, iaaiaee, i?aeaeuo?oueny. Naciiia caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae aeaio a?eiaeo a?oi (0-6 ? 7-14 ?ie?a) a ciiao ?ioaineaiiai n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa aea/aeany a o?ueio iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie: a Iaeanuee?e, *a?eanuee?e ? ??aiainuee?e. I?e oeueiio aecia/aeiny ?iciianthaeaeaiiy 4-o eean?a oai?ia: oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, oai?iae nenoaie e?iaiia?ao, oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, a oaeiae oai?iae oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie. sse aeaeii c ?en. 2, a Iaeanuee?e iaeano? a eiio?ieuei?e cii? caoai?thaai?noue i?aai?a aeeoaiiy o ae?oae 0-6 ?ie?a ca naciiaie ?ieo eieeaaeanue neaaei: 2.6 a in?ii?e ia??iae ? 11.5 a a?oaei?. A aeine?aei?e cii? aoa a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue ? naciiiee ?iciao: a?aeiia?aeii 29.5-35.2 a in?ii?e ia??iae ? 86.7- 55.2 a n?/i?-ethoiio i?nyoeyo. Ioaea, a ciiao ?ioaineaiiai canoinoaaiiy IIIAe a?aeaoaa?oueny i?iii?oe?eia i?aeneeaiiy ye ??aiy, oae ? ?iciaoo eieeaaiue caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, ui iiaeiii ciaeoe a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ianyc? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae. I?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy a ciiao ?ioaineaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie (aeeiiaia i?e eiinoeueoaoe?? ae.a.i. Aioiiiiiaa I. TH.). A yeino? iaei?ino?oi? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iieno caeaaeiino? caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a?ae aieeao OI IIIAe a i?eiouaii? ?o ?icae?eueii? ae?? aeei?enoiaoaaeany iaeiioaeoi?ia e?i?eia ?aa?an?eia ooieoe?y: y= a+b x (1) aea o - ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, ; a - aaciaee (oiiiaee) ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino?, ; b - oaeaee?noue (?ioaineai?noue) ci?ie caoai?thaaiino? i?e /eiiino? oaeoi??a; o - oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy oaeoi??a ie?aii eiaeiiai ( ianoeoeeae?a a ea/aa, i?ia?aeueieo ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea o/aa). I?e ?ic?aooieo ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ia 2010 ?. aoee aeei?enoai? OI, aecia/ai? a “Iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? ioi?iie caiaeue ia 1996-2010 ?iee” : i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - 163 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea - 10.1 o/aa; OI ianoeoeeae?a ia 2010 ?. - 4.6 ea/aa, io?eiaia oeyoii i?ieiiaoaaiiy oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo, ui neeaeany. sse eiio?ieue aoee aeei?enoai? iioi/i? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a na?aaeiueiai ??aiy a 900 ? a?aeiia?aei? ?i OI ianoeoeeae?a - 3.2 ea/aa, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - 145 ea/aa ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea - 6.3 o/aa. A i?iaiic? ia 2010 ?. caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae i?ae aieeaii caieaiiaaieo OI IIIAe iiaea ca?eueoeoenue (?en.3). I?e ?icae?euei?e ae?? ianoeoeeae?a noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue iiaea i?aeaeueoenue a 1.53 ?ace, i?ae aieeaii i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - a 1.17 ?ac ? i?ae aieeaii i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea - a 1.41 ?ac. I?e ?icae?euei?e ae?? aeeaae ??cieo OCC? ? aa?io?i?eao?a a oi?ioaaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae i/?eo?oueny: a?ae ianoeoeeae?a - 39.7 %, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - 35.2 % ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea - 25.1 %. Aeey iieno caeaaeiino? caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a?ae ni?eueii? ae?? ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea aoea aeei?enoaia iiaeaeue iiiaeeiii? e?i?eii? ?aa?an??, ianooiiiai aeaeo: o=a0+a1o1+a2o2+a3o3 (2) aea o - caoai?thaai?noue aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy, ; a0 - aaciaee (oiiiaee) ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino?, ; a1, a2, a3 - oaeaee?noue (?ioaineai?noue) ci?ie caoai?thaaiino? i?e ae?? a?aeiia?aeieo oaeoi??a; o1, o2, o3 - oa?eoi??aeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii ianoeoeeae?a (ea/aa), i?ia?aeueieo (ea/aa) ? i?aai?/ieo (o/aa) aeia?ea. Aiae?c ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiaeae? iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an?? iieacaa, ui i?e noi?niiio aieea? OI IIIAe, ui ieaiothoueny a 2010 ?., caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? iiaea ca?eueoeoeny: noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue - a 1.37 ?ac, caoai?thaai?noue i?aai?a aeeoaiiy - a 1.34 ?ac, caoai?thaai?noue e?ia? ? e?iaioai?ieo i?aai?a - a 1.62 ?ac, caoai?thaai?noue i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy - a 1.68 ?ac. I?e eiiieaeniiio aieea? OI IIIAe ia 2010 ?. aianie eiaeiiai c oaeoi??a a oi?ioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i caoai?thaaiino? i?aeoe/ii oaeee aea, ye ? i?e iaeiioaeoi?i?e ae??, a naia: ianoeoeeae?a - 39.9 %, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - aei 35.5% ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea - 24.8 %. Ia iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? i?aeeyaaee ia?aa??oe? aenia?eiaioaeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy iiaeeo?eaoe?? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae a aeine?aei?e ? eiio?ieuei?e ciiao ??aiainueei? iaeano? o ca'yceo c i?aeaeuaiiyi aai cieaeaiiyi OI IIIAe. Iniiaiei caniaii i?io?eaeoeee iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao iaaeeeoeiaeo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue OCC? ? aa?io?i?eao?a ia noai caei?ia'y ianaeaiiy ? a?a??i?/ia ?aaeaiaioaoe?y. A?a??i?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea c o?aooaaiiyi caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. Aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ii?iaia? (i?i?iaeueii ae?th/? ??ai? - IAe?) ? i?aeii?iaia? (iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/? ??ai? - II?) cia/aiiy OI IIIAe a caeaaeiino? a?ae iioe?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo eean?a oai?ia o ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a, aeeiioaaeinue aeaiia iaoiaeaie: a?aoi-aiae?oe/iei ? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy (inoaii? i?e eiinoeueoaoe?? ae. a. i. Aioiiiiiaa I. TH.). Oe? i?ioeane iine?aeiaii i?iaiaeeeeny c eiaeiei eeanii oai?ia, aea a?aeeny aei oaaae eeoa iiceoeai? cia/aiiy. C /enea II? OI IIIAe aeae?aeany e?i?ooth/a iciaea oe?aeeeaino?, i?aaenoaaeaia oei aai ?ioei eeanii oai?ia, yea ia aeeeeeaea ?noioiiai c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino?. Aaee/eia oaei? e?i?ooth/i? iciaee oe?aeeeaino? ? e?eoa??aeueiei ??aiai (E?) OI IIIAe. Oeae i?ioean aeeiioaaany aeey eiaeii? c iniiaieo ee?iaoe/ieo cii (Iie?nny, E?ninoai ? Noai) ? Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio. ?acoeueoaoe eiii'thoa?ii? ?ic?iaee ianeao aeaieo OI IIIAe ii 8 ciiao ?ioaineaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie, a?ae yeeo caeaaeeoue caoai?thaai?noue aeyaeaia o ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a, i?aaenoaaeai? a oaae. 3. sse aeaeii c oaae. 3, ii?iae ae?? OI IIIAe iaaaaeai? a aeaio aa??aioao: i?i?iaeueii ae?th/ee ??aaiue (IAe?), iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/ee ??aaiue (II?). I?i?iaeueii ae?th/ee ??aaiue OI ianoeoeeae?a eieeaa?oueny a?ae 4.16 ea/aa i?e ?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiiyo aei 9.98 ea/aa i?e oai?iaao nenoaie e?iaiia?ao. Oea aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ii??a ae?? ianoeoeeae?a ciaoiaeeoueny ia ??ai? OI 4.16 ea/aa. Iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/ee ??aaiue (II?) OI ianoeoeeae?a ia? caian /eiiino? ia?aae i?i?iaeueii ae?th/ei ??aiai OI ianoeoeeae?a: II? iaioee IAe? a 1.43-2.03 ?ace. ?aiaia? i?noey ? cia/aiiy II? OI ianoeoeeae?a ?iciiae?eyeeny a aeno?aeiiio ii?yaeeo: 1) ?ioaeoe?ei? ? ia?aceoa?i? oai?iae - 2.90 ea/aa, 2) oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy - 3.03 ea/aa, 3) noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue - 3.22 ea/aa. Iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy II? OI ianoeoeeae?a niinoa??aa?oueny i?e oai?iaao nenoaie e?iaiia?ao - 4.90 ea/aa. Oaeei /eiii, yeui aeoiaeeoe c iaeiaioiai cia/aiiy II? OI ianoeoeeae?a, oi e?i?ooth/eie iciaeaie, ii noo?, ? o?e iieacieee: ?ioaeoe?ei? ? ia?aceoa?i? oai?iae, oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy ? noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue, o yeeo iieacieee iaeiiai ii?yaeeo. Oiae? na?aaei?e i?aeii?iaiaee ??aaiue OI ianoeoeeae?a aoaea aeey Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeoenue a iaaeao 2.9-3.22 ea/aa. Oaaeeoey 3. Ii?iae ae?? OI IIIAe aecia/aieo ca eeanaie oai?ia o ae?oae aei 14 ?ie?a ii 8 ciiao Oe?a?ie ? Iacaa eean?aOI ianoeoeeae?a, ea/aaOI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ea/aaOI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea, o/aai/iOai?iaIAe?II?IAe?II?IAe?II?1.?ioaeoe?ei? oa ia?aceoa?i? oai?iae4,162,90160,8118,122,611,32.Oai?iae aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie8,64,72310,98191,817,39,53. Oai?iae e?ia? oa e?iaioai?ieo i?aai?a7,734,28206,33140,6330,2112,884.Oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie oa i?aai?a /oooy8,434,4981,4468,8131,6113,135.Oai?iae nenoaie e?iaiia?ao9,984,90125,3797,8329.2912,716. Oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy4,443,03115,1091,3525,4111,927. Oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy6,453,8677,2565,7820,0610,598.Oai?iae na/inoaoaai? nenoaie5,103,33143,13107,9834,7813,649.Oai?iae oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie8,854,7044,0140,2634,1614,0410.Noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue4,863,2297,8379,5923,8211,56 I?ei?oea. IAe? - i?i?iaeueii ae?th/ee ??aaiue. II? - iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/ee ??aaiue. I?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa oaeiae aiae?cothoueny ca aeaiia aeaeaie ii?ia?a. IAe? OI i?iaeia?ea eieeaa?oueny a?ae 44.01 ea/aa i?e oai?iaao oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie aei 310, 98 ea/aa i?e oai?iaao aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie. Iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/ee ??aaiue OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ?noioii ieae/ee, i?ae IAe? aeey oeueiai oaeoi?o. O aeno?aeiiio ii?yaeeo II? OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ?icoaoo?oueny: 1) oai?iae oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie - 40.26 ea/aa, 2) oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy - 65.78 ea/aa, 3) oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?aai?a /oooy - 68.81 ea/aa, 4) noia?ia caoai?thaai?noue - 79.59 ea/ aa, 5) oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy - 91.35 ea/aa ? o. ae. Iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy II? OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea neeaaea? 191.81 ea/aa aeey caoai?thaaiue aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie. Oaeei /eiii, aeoiaey/e c i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy II? OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea io?eiaiiai iaoaiaoe/iei iiaeaethaaiiyi, e?eoa??aeueiee ??aaiue OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea i?a ae neeanoe 40-65 ea/aa. Iaeiae oea aoa ae caieaeaiee iieaciee, a?i iaa?oue ieae/a na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy oeueiai iieacieea ia i?aeoeoe?. Aaee/eie II? OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, io?eiai? a?aoi-aiae?oe/iei iaoiaeii a?eueo oa?aeoa?i? aeey Iie?nny. Aeey i?aeoeee Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio a?eueo aeioe?eueii anoaiiaeoe E? OI i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ye na?aaei?e i?ae aeaieie a?aoi-aiae?oe/iiai iaoiaeo ? iaoiaeo iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, oiaoi ii?yaeeo 130-160 ea/aa. I?aai?/i? aeia?eaa iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ca aeaiia aeaeaie ii?ia?a: IAe? ? II? OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea. Iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/? ??ai? OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea ii i??? c?inoaiiy neeaee: 1) oai?iae aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie - 9.54 o/aa; 2) oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy - 10.59 o/aa; 3) ?ioaeoe?ei? ? ia?aceoa?i? oai?iae - 11.26 o/aa ? ?i. Iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy II? OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea aeinyaathoue 14.04 o/aa i?e oai?iaao oe??e ? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie. Aa?oi a?aecia/eoe, ui II? OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea a 1.80-2.3 ?ace iaio? IAe? OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea, ui noai?th? ?aca?a aeey aacia/iiai i?iyaeaiiy /eiiino? ae?? oeueiai oaeoi?o. Oaeei /eiii, na?aaei?e e?eoa??aeueiee ??aaiue OI i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea ii Oe?a?i?, aeoiaey/e c e?i?ooth/eo iciae oe?aeeeaino?, yeeie ? oai?iae aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie ? oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, iiaea aooe ii?yaeeo 8-10 o/aa. sse aeaeii c ?enoieo 4, i?ae iieacieeaie II? ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea, io?eiaieo aeaiia ??cieie iaoiaeaie, ? aeinoaoiy aeecuee?noue ?acoeueoao?a. Eeoa ca iieacieeaie II? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ? ?noioi? a?aei?iiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy. Ca aeaieie noia?ii? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae i?e a?aoi-aiae?oe/iiio iaoiae? II? io?eiaiee ii?yaeeo 200 ea/aa, a i?e iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaii? - 79.6 ea/aa. Oea iiaeia iiynieoe oei, ui i?e a?aoi-aiae?oe/iiio iaoiae? ia?aaaaeaee iaoo?i? niinoa?aaeaiiy Iie?nny (??aiainueea ? Caea?iaonueea iae.), a i?e iaoiae? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy - na?aaei? iieacieee ii 8 ciiao. Ioaea, iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiai? aeaiia ??cieie iaoiaeaie, aeaee aiaeia?/iee ?acoeueoao. C o?aooaaiiyi aeeeaaeaiiai aeua aoee ?ic?iaeai? aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy IIIAe aeey ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie, ui ia aeeeeeathoue ?noioiiai ca?eueoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae (oaae. 4). Oaaeeoey 4. E?eoa??aeuei? ??ai? oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue IIIAe ii a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie IacaaE?eoa??aeuei? ??ai? OI IIIAe ii ciiaoEiiiiiaioaIie?nnyE?ninoaiNoaiIanoeoeeaee, ea/aa aei 3,03,0-3,33,4-3,6Ani?oeiaioiee ?iaeaen3,93,9-4,24,3-4,5I?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa, ea/aa185-200130-160100-125I?aai?/i? aeia?eaa, o/aaaei 15,010,0-13,06,0-10,0 Oaeei /eiii, aeei?enoaiiy 10-13 eean?a oai?ia, aeaio niinia?a anoaiiaeaiiy II? OI IIIAe aeicaieeei io?eiaoe ?ai?acaioaoeai? ?acoeueoaoe. Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth oaeiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?aaeaiaioaoe?? OI IIIAe ? aecia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoo aeey eiiieaeno ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea. AENIIAEE 1. Canoinoaaiiy no/anieo oaoiieia?e ae?iuoaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, /ei aeinyaa?oueny io?eiaiiy aenieeo noaa?eueieo o?iaea?a, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue ia a?oio ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea. Ca 25-oe ??/iee ia??iae (1966-1990 ?.?.) ?o oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? a na?aaeiueiio c?inee a 1.5 , 3.2 ? 2.2 ?ace ? a ie?aieo ?aa?iiao aeinyaee 12 ea/aa, 290 ea/aa ? 17 o/aa a?aeiia?aeii. A oeeo oiiaao ?nio? ?aaeueia caa?ica caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey ? caei?ia’th ianaeaiiy, ui coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii aacia/iiio noi?niiio canoinoaaiith ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue a?eueo oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy ye i?aai?/iiai aeia?eaa ??aeeiai ? o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai aiith naeiieiiieaen?a ? i?aei?e?inoa A?O i?ney niaoe?aeueii? ?o i?aeaioiaee (aeo?eioaaiiy a aii?noiaeuao, aeaio- ? o?ueionooiaiaaa a?ieia?/ia i/enoea c iaia'yceiaith aeii/enoeith ?o a?oioiaei niiniaii). I?e ii?iiaaiiio aeei?enoaii? i?ae n?eueainieoeueoo?e i?aeaioiaeaieo a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa aaea a ia?oee aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae, ye i?aaeei, aeinyaa?oueny ?o aaciaea a nai?oa?iiio ? ai?aeai?/iiio a?aeiioaii?. 3. Aia?oa anoaiiaeai? aacia/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iiey ??aeeiai ? o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai aiith, ia?iaeaieo a?ieia?/ieie iaoiaeaie, a oaeiae oeeo a?aeoiae?a a eiia?iaoe?? i?ae niaith aai c i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie: - aeey iniiaieo aeae?a a?oio?a E?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie i?ae ca?iia?, oaoi?/i? ? ei?iia? eoeueoo?e aeiionea?oueny ?icae?eueia aianaiiy oaa?aei? o?aeoe?? aiith ? i/euaii? ??aeei? o?aeoe?? aiith naeiieiiieaen?a, a?aeiia?aeii, iaaaioaaeaiiyi aei 60 o/aa ? aei 1500 i3/aa ca aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae; - aeey oe??? ae a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ii? ciie ? oaeeo aea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? aeiionea?oueny ui??/ia aeei?enoaiiy aeey c?ioaiiy noie?a A?O a e?eueeino? aei 1600 i3/aa, ?icaaaeaieo noaaeiaith aiaeith a ni?aa?aeiioaii? 1:5 ? 1:7, aai ni?eueia canoinoaaiiy ?o c i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie (N30P90K30) ? OOA (50 o/aa), aianaieo c ?ioa?aaeii a 2 ?iee; - aeio?eiaiiy oeeo oiia canoinoaaiiy i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia aeeeeea? iaaaoeaiiai aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao ia ia'?eoe aeiae?eey ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy. 4. Canoinoaaiiy ia n?eueainioa?aeaeyo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c ?ic?aooieo N60P60K60, N60+ N60 ? N30P60K60+N30 i?e cae/aei?e ? ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?yo ia oii? aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea (i?aeaioiaeaiee ai?e A?O) a e?eueeino? 50 o/aa ? i?eeiyoeo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiiyo ianoeoeeae?a aeey ia?iaee ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ? caaeainiaaiei ? aacia/iei aeey aeiae?eey; o?eaaea caiaeiaoaaiiy y/iaith, ae?iuaiiai i?e oeeo oiiaao, ia aeeeeeaei iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia o?c?ieia?/i? ooieoe?? i?aai?cio i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. 5. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ooee?caoe?y iaoeaiiai ??aeeiai aiith A?O (1000-1600 i3/aa/ nacii), a oaeiae canoinoaaiiy ??aeei? o?aeoe?? aiith naeiieiiieaen?a (3200-5000 i3/aa) ia oii? ui??/iiai aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ( 300-500 ea/aa) a oiiaao E?ninoaiiai? ? Noaiiai? cii e?a?ie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny no?eeei caa?oaeiaiiyi a?oioo ca o?ceei-o?i?/ieie ? a?ieia?/ieie iieacieeaie, aaeueioaaiiyi i?ioean?a naiii/euaiiy ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei yaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioiaeo aiae acioai?noeeie niieoeaie, ia?aaeon?i i?o?aoaie (ia?aaeuaiiy AAeE i?o?ao?a a 4-20 ?ac?a) c iiaeeeaeie iani?eyoeeaeie iane?aeeaie aeey caei?ia’y ethaeae. 6. Aiae?c noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy a *a?eanuee?e, Iaeanuee?e, ??aiainuee?e, Caea?iaonuee?e iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie ianoeoeeae?a, i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aeyaea aa??aaaeuei?noue ?o oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue a iaaeao eiaeii? iaeano?: aeey ianoeoeeae?a aiie neeaee 2.2-3.9, 2.2-6.3, 1.3-6.1, 5.2-7.1 ea/aa; aeey i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - 80.4-104.9, 77.0-110.0, 197.3- 278.0, 281.0-401.0 ea/aa; aeey i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea - 6.6-17.0, 3.7-9.6, 8.8-12.1, 11.8-14.4 o/aa a?aeiia?aeii. Neooaoe?y, ui neeaeany, aeicaieeea a eiaei?e c icia/aieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie aecia/eoe ciie niinoa?aaeaiiy c iaea?eueoeie (aeine?aei?) ? iaeiaioeie (eiio?ieuei?) oa?eoi??aeueieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ? anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? ? iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?o aieeao ia ia'?eoe aeiae?eey ? caei?ia’y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy. 7. Aeyaeaia i?yia caeaaei?noue c?inoaiiy a?aenioea i?ia c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii caeeoeiaeo e?eueeinoae ianoeoeeae?a, acioai?noeeo niieoe ? y?oeue aaiaaeuei?io?a o a?oio? ? noi?aeieo c iei na?aaeiaeu, a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineeiao c ca?eueoaiiyi oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue o?i?/ieo cania?a caoenoo ?ineei ? aa?io?i?eao?a. Iaea?eueo /?oei oey caeaaei?noue i?iyaey?oueny ii ianoeoeeaeao, ye?, iai?eeeaae, a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? a iia?o??, a?oio? ? n?eueaini?ineeiao aeine?aeii? ciie aeyaeyeeny a 31.7, 15.4 ? 1.75 % i?ia a?aeiia?aeii i?ioe 20.0, 0.0 ? 0.0 % a eiio?ieuei?e cii?, a ii i?o?aoao a n?eueainieoeueoo?ao - a 29.2 ? 8.7 %; i?e oeueiio ??ai? ai?noo ianoeoeeae?a o i?iaeoeoao oa?/oaaiiy ? aoiinoa?iiio iia?o??, ye? ia?aaeuothoue a?a??i?/i? ii?iaoeae a 1.5 ? 2.1 ?ace, a i?o?ao?a a n?eueainieoeueoo?ao - a 2.6 ?ace, aoee aeu? a aeine?aei?e cii?, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e. Anoaiiaeaii ia?aaeuaiiy a 1.5-12.5 ?ac?a e?eueeino? y?oeue aaiaaeuei?io?a o a?oio? aeine?aeii? ciie (5-50 aec./ea) a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith (3-4 aec./ea). 8. Anoaiiaeaii, ui caeaa?eueoiai c i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy (62-97 %) ianaeaiith aeine?aeieo cii uiaeiae iaaeoiaeeoue a 1.3-2.3 ?ace a?eueoa ianoeoeeae?a, i?o?ao?a ? i?o?eo?a, i?ae a eiio?ieueieo ciiao, i?e oeueiio iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy noia?iiai oaeoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oieneeaio?a ia i?aai?ci a aeine?aeieo ciiao a 1.4-4.7 ?ac ia?aaeuothoue AeAeAe aeey ae?oae 4-6 ??/iiai a?eo. Aeyaeaiiy o a?oaeiiio ae?ii/iio iieioe? AeAeA, AeAeO, AOOeA a e?eueeinoyo, ye? ia?aaeuothoueIAe? a 10 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a, na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeii?iaoeaia caa?oaeiaiiy ieie aeiae?eey, ui noai?th? iioaioe?eio caa?ico aeey caei?ia'y ye iaoa??, oae ? aeeoeie. 9. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaiee ae?aaeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie i?ae oa?eoi??aeueieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a ? caoai?thaai?noth aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy: c ca?eueoaiiyi oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue eiiieaeno ianoeoeeae?a (c 1.3 aei 6.3 ea/aa), i?ia?aeueieo (c 197.3 aei 278.0 ea/aa) ? i?aai?/ieo (c 8.8 aei 12.1 o/aa) aeia?ea ??aaiue caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? i?aeaeuo?oueny c 890.012.3 aei 1066.310.9 (p<0, 05). C iiaeaeueoei c?inoaiiyi oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a ii?yae c e?i?eiei i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino?, ?icoe?th?oueny no?oeoo?a eean?a oai?ia o ae?oae. 10. Aiae?c ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae - iaeiioaeoi?ii? e?i?eii? ? iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an??, a oaeiae a?aoi-aiae?oe/iiai iaoiaeo iieacaa, ui a i?iaiiciaaiiio ia??iae? (2010 ?.) ye i?e ?icae?eueiiio, oae ? noi?niiio canoinoaaii? caieaiiaaieo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea a aeine?aeieo ciiao niinoa?aaeaiiy iiaeia i/?eoaaoe i?aeaeuaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae: noia?ii ii iicieia?/ieo oi?iao a 1.37, i?aai?a aeeoaiiy - a 1.34, e?ia? ? e?iaioai?ieo i?aai?a - a 1.62, i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy - a 1.68 ?ac?a ? o. ae. I?e oeueiio aeeaae eiaeiiai c oaeoi??a a oi?ioaaiiy caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? i?aeoe/ii oaeee aea ye ? i?e iaeiioaeoi?i?e ae??, a naia: ianoeoeeae?a - a?ey 40 %, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - 35 % ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea - a?ey 25 %. 11. ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae a ciiao niinoa?aaeaiiy 4-o iaeanoae Oe?a?ie i?e ??cieo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiiyo ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a, aeeiiai? aeaiia iaoiaeaie (a?aoi-aiae?oe/iei ? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy), aia?oa aeicaieeee aecia/eoe iniiai? iieacieee (iaeneiaeueii iaae?th/ee, i?i?iaeueii ae?th/ee, e?eoe/iee ? e?eoa??aeueiee ??ai?) ? cia/aiiy , ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?aeii?iaia? ? ii?iaia? oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? aa?io?i?eao?a. 12. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeey iniiaieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea: a cii? Noaio aiie neeaee - 3.4-3.6 ea/ aa, 100-125 ea/aa ? 6-10 o/aa; a cii? E?ninoaio - 3.0-3.3 ea/aa, 130- 160 ea/aa ? 10-13 o/aa; a cii? Iie?nny - aei 3.0 ea/aa, 185-200 ea/aa ? aei 15 o/aa a?aeiia?aeii. Aeio?eiaiiy oeeo iaaaioaaeaiue ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei no?eeiai iia??oaiiy yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ia nae?. 13. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen a?a??i?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia aeiae?eey ? caei?ia’y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy noi?niiai canoinoaaiiy a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, yeee aeeth/aiee a 24 ii?iaoeaii-iaoiaee/i? aeieoiaioe (nai?oa?i? i?aaeea, NI?Ie, iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, a?aeii/? ?ino?oeoe?? oa ?i.) ? ?aae?co?oueny i?e cae?eniaii? iiia?aaeaeoaaeueiiai ? iioi/iiai aea?aeaaiiai nai?oa?iiai iaaeyaeo a Oe?a?i?. Nienie iniiaieo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Aaoeoeao I.I., Aii/a?oe A.E., Einoiaaoeeee ss.E. Aeaeaia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia e io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1985. - 88 n. 2. Aaoeoeao I.I. A?a??ia canoinoaaiiy a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeoaa. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1987. - 40 n. 3. I aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey i/euaiuo noi/iuo aiae naeiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia a naeueneii oicyenoaa/ N.ss.Iaeooaei, I.I.Aaoeoeao, O.A.Aae, A.O.Ai?iiiaa, ?.A.Ieeoea, ?.I.Iao?iaa, E.ss.?ua/eineay, A.A.Noaieaae/// Aeaeaia e naieoa?ey. - 1977. - ?7. - N. 16-20. 4. Aaoeoeao I.I. Aeeiaieea i?ioeannia naiii/euaiey ii/au io caa?yciaiey iooiaeaie aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia// Aeaeaia e naieoa?ey. - 1981. - ?7. - N. 22-24. 5. Aeaeaie/aneea i?eioeeiu ii?ie?iaaiey iooiaeia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia, eniieuecoaiuo a naeueneii oicyenoaa/ E.E.Oei/aiei, I.I.Aaoeoeao, E.E.Iiaeue/aiei, C.E.Aieei // Aeaeaia e naieoa?ey. - 1984. - ?7. - N. 60-63. 6. Aaoeoeao I.I. E aii?ino i iiaeaioiaea noieia naeiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia aeey eniieueciaaiey ia naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo oaiaeueyo// Aeaeaia e naieoa?ey. - 1988. - ?4. - N. 12-15. 7. Aeaeaie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue aeioeie/aneie i/enoee noi/iie aeeaeeinoe aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.ss.*aa?eiaoe, A.O.Ai?iiiaa, ?.I.Iao?iaa, E.ss.?ua/eineay, A.A.Noaieaae/ // Na. iao/. o?. “Aeaeaie/aneea aii?inu nia?aiaiiuo aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia”. - Na?aoia: IC ?NON?, 1976. - N. 18-22. 8. Aeeyiea iaaica e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa ia naieoa?iia ninoiyiea ii/au/ N.ss.Iaeooaei, I.I.Aaoeoeao, C.A.Eunaiei, A.O.Ai?iiiaa, N.A.Oeaieeiaa // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu nai. io?. ii/au io caa?yci. noi/iuie aiaeaie e iooiaeaie aeeaioiiaiaenoaa. - E.: IC ONN?, 1978. - N. 35-37. 9. E aii?ino ia i/enoea noieia naeiieiiieaenia e i?iiuoeaiiuo noi/iuo aiae, eniieuecoaiuo aeey i?ioaiey/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.O.Ai?iiiaa, C.A.Eunai-ei, ?.I.Iao?iaa, N.A.Oeaieeiaa // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu nai. io?. ii/au io caa?yci. noi/iuie aiaeaie e iooiaeaie aeeaioiiaiaenoaa. - E.: IC ONN?, 1978. - N. 47-49. 10. Aaoeoeao I.I. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea iaoiaeia ia?aaioee noieia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia e iooe i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey caa?yciaiey eie ioe?uouo aiaeiaiia e ii/au// Iao/. iniiau aeaeaiu naea. - Aaeo: IC NNN?, AII NNN?, 1979. - O.1. - N. 15-16. 11. Aeaeaie/aneea aii?inu i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee, no?ieoaeuenoaa e yenieoaoaoeee aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia, oa?i e ioeoeaoaa?ee/ N.O.Ieeieia, I.A. Ie?iiaiei, I.I.Aaoeoeao, E.O.ss?iieee, I.I.Iieiaoeaa // Iao/iua iniiau aeaeaiu naea. - Aaeo: IC NNN?, 1979. - O.3 - N. 133-142. 12. I?yiia aeaenoaea e iineaaeaenoaea aeeaeeiai iaaica ia naieoa?iia ninoiyiea ii/a e o?iaeae naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo?/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, ?.A.Ieeoea, I.E.Aiiaea?/oe, Y.A.Aeaaiaethe // Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1980. - Aui. 19. - N. 95-99. 13. Iiuo i?aaiecaoeee i?aaeoi?aaeeoaeueiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai naieoa?iiai iaaeci?a ii io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu i?e no?ieoaeuenoaa aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia e ioeoeaoaa?ee/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, I.I.Ai?aeuiy, I.E.Aiiaea?/oe, TH.TH.*aeiao// Aea.ianaeai. iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1982. - Aui. 21. - N. 99-104. 14. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea ii/au e ?anoaiee a nayce n i?eiaiaieai a ea/anoaa oaeia?aiey iooiaeia naeiieiiieaenia/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.A.Aiethaa, I.Ae.Aacai?iaeueei, I.I.Ai?aeuiy, C.E.Aieei, A.A.Ia/eiieeiaa // Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1984. - Aui. 23. - N. 93-98. 15. Io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu i?e eniieueciaaiee noi/iuo aiae e eo inaaeeia a naeueneii oicyenoaa/ A.ss.*aa?eiaoe, I.I.Aaoeoeao, ?.A.Ieeoea, A.A.Aiethaa // Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1986. - Aui. 25. - N. 87-91. 16. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e ninoiyiey caei?iauey ianaeaiey a ianoao eioaineaiiai i?eiaiaiey ianoeoeeaeia e ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee/ I.A. Oaiaeaea, I.E. Aieiuaiei, ss.E. Caeiyoeeianeee, I.I. Aaoeoeao, A.E. Iaianaiei, I.TH.Aioaiiiia, ?.A.Ieeoea, A.A.?aaoeeay, C.TH.Iaae/aiei// Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann a iaaeeoeeia e aeieiaee. - E.: EIE, 1987. - O. 1. - N. 311-321a. 17. Io?aia ii/au e aiaeienoi/ieeia a ?aeiia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo oicyenoa - eiiieaeniay i?iaeaia aeaeaienoia e i?aaiia ainnaiiaaeci?a/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.A.Ieoii, I.A.Aiaueaaa, A.E.?iiaiaiei, A.I.O?oaaiei// Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1988. - Aui. 27. - N. 100-103. 18. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e ninoiyiey caei?iauey aeaoae a oneiaeyo eioaineoeeaoeee naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa/ I.E. Aieiuaiei, I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.ss.*aa?eiaoe, A.E.Iaianaiei, E.A.Ioae?ue // Aea. i?iaeaiu i?eiaiaiey iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia: Na. iao/. o?oaeia. - I.: IC NNN?, 1988. - N. 50-54. 19. Aeooaeueiua aii?inu naieoa?iie io?aiu ii/au io aio?iiiaaiiuo caa?yciaiee/ I.E.Aieiuaiei, A.ss.*aa?eiaoe, I.I.Aaoeoeao, E.A.Aeaa?eaiay, A.A.Aiethaa, E.E.Neiye, A.A.Ieoii// Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1990. - Aui. 29. - N. 83-88. 20. Aeooaeueiua aeaeaie/aneea aii?inu ieaie?iaee e ?aciauaiey aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo oa?i a naeueneie ianoiinoe/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.A.Naeaciaa, I.I.Ai?aeuiy, A.A.Ieoii, A.I.Iaeue/eoeueeee// Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1991. - Aui. 30. - N. 108-111. 21. Aeooaeueiua aniaeou aeaeaiu naeueneeo ianaeaiiuo iano a oneiaeyo eioaineoeeaoeee naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa/ A.ss.*aa?eiaoe, I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.O.Ai?iiiaa, E.ss.?ua/eineay, ?.I.Iao?iaa // Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: Caei?ia`y, 1992. - Aui. 31. - N. 75-80. 22. Nia?aiaiiua aeaeaie/aneea aii?inu io?aiu ii/au naeueneeo ianaeaiiuo iano/ A.ss.*aa?eiaoe, I.I.Aaoeoeao, ?.A.Ieeoea, A.A.Eeaeineay// Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeaeaiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia IEEIEA ei.A.I.Ia?caaaa. -E., 1995. - Aui.1. - N.155-158. 23. Aaoeoeao I.I. Aeaeaie/aneia iainiiaaiea oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iaa?ocie ianoeoeeaeia, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee a nayce n caaieaaaaiinoueth aeaoneiai ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu// Aeiae?eey oa caei?ia’y. - 1997. - ?3. -N.47-49. 24. Aaoeoeao I.I. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iiaeoiaeu e ii?aaeaeaieth oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iaa?ocie ianoeoeeaeia, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee a ii/aa ii aeaeaie/aneei e?eoa?eyi// Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: IC Oe?aeiu, OIAOe, 1998. - Aui.33. - N.105-112. 25. Aaoeoeao I.I. I?iaiice?iaaiea ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e caei?iauey aeaoneiai ianaeaiey a ciiao eioaineaiiai naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu// Aeiae?eey oa caei?ia’y. - 1998. - ?1. - N.21-24. 26. Aaoeoeao I.I. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea ea/anoaa a?oioiauo aiae a ?aeiiao eniieueciaaiey i?aaie/aneeo e ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee// Aeaeaia ianaeaiiuo iano. - E.: IC Oe?aeiu, OIAOe, 1998. - Aui.33. - N.85-91. 27. Aaoeoeao I.I. Aeeyiea oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iaa?ocie ianoeoeeaeia, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee ia caaieaaaaiinoue aeaoae aei 14 eao a Oe?aeia// E?ea?nueea ni?aaa (A?a/aaiia aeaei). - 1998. - ?7. - N.168-171. 28. I?iaiice?iaaiea eciaiaiey caei?iauey aeaoneiai ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu i?e aeaenoaee ianoeoeeaeia, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey/I.TH.Aioaiiiia, E.O.?onaeiaa, I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.E.Iaeueaia// Aeooaeuei? i?iaaie aeia?a??ie ? oieneeieia??.- E., 1998, - *.1. - N.3-9. 29. Aaoeoeao I.I. Aeaeaie/aneia iainiiaaiea oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iaa?ocie ianoeoeeaeia, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee ia ii/ao// Aeiae?eey oa caei?ia’y. - 1998. - ?3 (6). - N.42-45. 30. Eoiae e caaea/e aeaeaie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee a nayce n ia?aoiaeii aeeaioiiaiaenoaa ia i?iiuoeaiioth iniiao/ A.A.I?ieiiia, I.I.Aaoeoeao, N.A. Oa?aaa?iaa, A.I.Aoaaaa // O Oe?. nuacae aeaeaienoia: Oac. aeiee. - E., 1981. - O.1. - N. 98-100. 31. Iaeioi?ua eoiae aeaeaie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee a iaeanoe ia?aaioee iooiaeia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia/ E.E.Aiaoi, A.A.Aeeneaeaiei, E.A.Aaea?ao, A.A.I?ieiiia, I.I.Aaoeoeao, N.A.Oa?aaa?iaa// I?iaeiaieuenoaaiiay i?ia?aiia NNN? e eiiieaeniua i?iaeaiu aeaeaiu naea: Oac. aeiee. iao/. eiio. - E.: IC NNN?, 1984. - N. 91-92. 32. Aeaeaie/aneea aniaeou io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a nayce n eniieueciaaieai iooiaeia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia a naeueneii oicyenoaa/ A.A.I?ieiiia, I.I.Aaoeoeao, N.A.Oa?aaa?iaa, A.O.?aciaoianeay, E.E.Aiaoi, A.I.Aeeneaeaiei, I.A.Aaea?ao, I.I.Iieiaoeaa// I?iaeiaieuenoaaiiay i?ia?aiia NNN? e eiiieaeniua i?iaeaiu aeaeaiu naea: Oac. aeiee. iao/. eiio. - E.: IC NNN?, 1984. - N. 103-104. 33. Aeaeaie/aneea aii?inu io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a ?aeiiao ?aciauaiey naeiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.A.Ea?iacei, I.I.Nie?iia, N.A.Oa?aaa?iaa, A.I.Oeuaiei, C.E.Aieei, E.E.Iiaeue/aiei, A.A.Aieoaaaa, E.A.Ai?aoey, A.E.Enaaaa// Oac. aeiee. OI nuacaea aeaeaienoia Oe?aeineie NNN?( Eueaia, 16-18 aeaeaa?y 1986?.). - E.: IC ONN?, 1986. - N. 52. 34. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea ea/anoaa iiaecaiiuo aiae e nii?aaeaeueiuo n?aae a ?aeiiao i?eiaiaiey ianoeoeeaeia/ I.I.Aaoeoeao, A.E.Iaianaiei, A.A.Aaa?eeaae/, I.A.Aeeeoi, I.N.Eiaieei, I.A.Aieoa/eeia, I.E.Oeuaaiaiei, A.A.Aanaaeeia, A.O.Aeoa?// I?iaeaiu iainiiaaiey e ?aaeecaoeee ia?ii?eyoee ii ieieiecaoeee iaaaoeaiiai aicaeaenoaey ia iiaecaiiua aiaeu naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo caa?yciaiee: Iaoa?eaeu Ia?aie ?ani.iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. - E., 1989. - N. 99-100. AIIOAOe?? Aaoeoeao I.I. A?a??i?/i? iniiae ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy a oiiaao noi?niiai aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoeeae?a ? i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.02.01 - a?a??ia. - IAe? caaaeueii? ? eiioiaeueii? a?a??ie ?i. I.I.Ia?ca?aa I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue a?a??i?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? nenoai i?aeaioiaee a?aeoiae?a oaa?eiieoeueeeo eiiieaen?a (naeia?nueeeo ? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae) aei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai aeei?enoaiiy. A ?aeiiao ?ioaineaiiai aaaeaiiy n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie ??aaiue caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae c?inoa? a e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? “oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea - /an - aoaeo”. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeey a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie a?a??i?/ii iaa?oioiaai? aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? oa?eoi??aeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianoeoeeae?a, i?ia?aeueieo oa i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea: a cii? Noaio aiie noaiiaeyoue 3,4-3,6 ea/aa, 100-125 ea/aa ? 6-10 o/aa; a cii? E?ninoaio - 3,0-3,3 ea/aa, 130-160 ea/aa ? 10-13 o/aa; a cii? Iie?nny - aei 3,0 ea/aa, 185-200 ea/aa ? aei 15 o/aa a?aeiia?aeii. Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?aeoiaee oaa?eiieoeoaa, ianoeoeeaee, aeia?eaa, aeiae?eey, ae?oe, caoai?thaai?noue, a?a??i?/i? ii?iaoeae. Vashkulat N.P.Hygienic protection basis for environment and population health at complex utilization of pesticides and organic-mineral fertilizers in agriculture. - The manuscript. Thesis submitted for a Medical Doctor’s degree on the speciality 14.02.01. - Hygiene. - Marzeev Scientific Research Institute of General and Communal Hygiene of the Ukrainian Ministry of Health, Kyiv, 1999. Thesis contains the study results of the systems’ hygienic effectiveness of the preparation of livestock waste (pig- breeding and cattle waste) for agricultural uze. Total children’s morbidity increases in linear dependence “territorial pesticides’ loads, organic-mineral fertilizers - time - effect” in the Ukrainian regions of intensified agriculture. Pesticides’ differentiated territorial loads of pesticides, mineral and organic fertilizers have been proposed. In steppe zone they have comprised 3,4-3,6 kg/ha, 100-125 kg/ha and 6-10 t/ha; in forest-steppe zone - 3,0-3,3 kg/ha, 130-160 kg/ha and 10-13 t/ha; in Polessya zone - to 3,0 kg/ha, 185-200 kg/ha and to 15 t/ha correspondently. Key-words: livestock waste, pesticides, fertilizers, environment, children, morbidity, hygienic standards. Aaoeoeao I.I. Aeaeaie/aneea iniiau io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e caei?iauey ianaeaiey a oneiaeyo niaianoiiai eniieueciaaiey ianoeoeeaeia e i?aaii-ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee a naeueneii oicyenoaa. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.01 - aeaeaia. - IEE iauae e eiiioiaeueiie aeaeaiu ei. A.I.Ia?caaaa Ieienoa?noaa c?aaiio?aiaiey Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Caueuaaony aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa, eioi?ay niaea?aeeo ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee, eanathueany ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e caei?iauey aeaoneiai ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai a ?aaeiiao niaianoiiai i?eiaiaiey ianoeoeeaeia, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee a naeueneii oicyenoaa. Aeaia aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe nenoai iiaeaioiaee iooiaeia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo eiiieaenia (naeiiaiae/aneeo e e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa) e naeueneioicyenoaaiiiio eniieueciaaieth. Iainiiaaiu aeey ?aciuo ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo cii Oe?aeiu aeiionoeiua aeaeaie/aneea iaa?ocee iiaeaioiaeaiiuo iooiaeia aeeaioiiaiaenoaa, i?eiaiyaiuo a eiiaeiaoeee n ieioaeia?aieyie. Auyaeaia i?yiay caaeneiinoue ?inoa eiee/anoaa i?ia n iiauoaiiui niaea?aeaieai inoaoi/iuo eiee/anoa ianoeoeeaeia e aa?ioeieeaoia a ii/aa, nii?aaeaeueiuo n iae n?aaeao e a naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?anoaieyo n oaaee/aieai oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iaa?ocie ia ii/ao oeie/aneeo n?aaenoa caueou ?anoaiee, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee. A ciiao niaianoiiai i?eiaiaiey iiauoaiiuo iaa?ocie ianoeoeeaeia e oaeia?aiee (*a?eanneay, Iaeanneay, ?iaaineay e Caea?iaoneay iaeanoe) auyaeaii oooaeoaiea ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, iinooieaiea eia?aaeeaioia aa?ioeieeaoia a i?aaieci aeaoae a eiee/anoaao, i?aauoathueo aeiionoeiua nooi/iua aeicu, e iaaeaaii?eyoiia aeeyiea ia caei?iauea naeueneiai ianaeaiey. A ?aeiiao eioaineaiiai aaaeaiey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu o?iaaiue iauae caaieaaaaiinoe aeaoae iiauoaaony a eeiaeiie caaeneiinoe “oa??eoi?eaeueiua iaa?ocee - a?aiy - yooaeo”. A yoeo oneiaeyo iiauoaiea caaieaaaaiinoe aeaoae inouanoaeyeinue i?aeiouanoaaiii ca n/ao iau/iuo ianiaoeeoe/aneeo aeaeia iaoieiaee. Aiaeec ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae iieacae, /oi a i?iaiice?oaiii ia?eiaea (2010 a.) i?e i?eiaiaiee ieaie?oaiuo iaa?ocie IIIO iauay caaieaaaaiinoue aeaoae iiaeao iiauneoueny a 1,37 ?ac, caaieaaaaiinoue i?aaiia aeuoaiey - a 1,34 ?aca, i?aaiia ieuaaa?aiey - a 1,68 ?ac e o.ae. I?e yoii aeeaae a oi?ie?iaaiea caaieaaaaiinoe ninoaaeo: ianoeoeeaeia - ieiei 40 %, ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee - 35 % e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee - ieiei 25 %. ?acoeueoaou iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey caaieaaaaiinoe aeaoae ii 8 ciiai iaaethaeaiey iicaieeee aia?aua ii?aaeaeeoue iniiaiua iieacaoaee (iaeneiaeueii iaaeaenoaothuea, ieieiaeueii aeaenoaothuea, e?eoe/aneea e e?eoa?eaeueiua o?iaie), oa?aeoa?ecothuea ii?iaiaua e iiaeii?iaiaua cia/aiey oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iaa?ocie ianoeoeeaeia e i?aaii-ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee. Aia?aua i?aaeeiaeaiu aeey ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo cii Oe?aeiu aeaeaie/anee iainiiaaiiua aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiua oa??eoi?eaeueiua iaa?ocee ianoeoeeaeia, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee: a ciia Noaie iie ninoaaeee 3,4-3,6 ea/aa, 100-125 ea/aa e 6-10 o/aa; a ciia Eaninoaie - 3,0-3,3, 130-160 ea/aa e 10-13 o/aa; a ciia Iieanuey - aei 3,0 ea/aa, 185-200 ea/aa e aei 15 o/aa niioaaonoaaiii. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iooiaeu aeeaioiiaiaenoaa, ianoeoeeaeu, oaeia?aiey, ie?oaeathuay n?aaea, aeaoe, caaieaaaaiinoue, aeaeaie/aneea ii?iaoeau.

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