3

I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

OAeE 613.62:678.7:618.17

IAONOIANUeEEE TH??E IEAENAIAe?IAE*

A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea aieeao aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio
ooieoe?th ae?iie a oiiaao ae?iaieoeoaa

oa iaa?oiooaaiiy icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a

14.02.01 – a?a??ia, iaaee/i? iaoee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a–1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? a?a??ie i?aoe? c eo?nii i?ioan?eieo
caoai?thaaiue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ssai?ianueeee
Ieaenaiae? Iao?iae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?a??ie i?aoe? c
eo?nii i?ioan?eieo caoai?thaaiue

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aeia Aaneeue Aaa?eeiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee a?a??ie, a?enueeiai? oa ?aae?aoe?eii?
a?a??ie

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Ea?aeaoyi
Aiaeaea Iaiieaii?aia, ?inoeooo iaaeeoeeie i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee
eaai?aoi??? o?c?ieia?? oa a?a??ie i?aoe? ae?iie oa i?aee?oe?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aeia?a??ie ? oieneeieia?? ?iai? Iaaeaaaey
IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 18 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 13.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae.26.003.01 i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie (252057, i.
Ee?a, i?-o Ia?aiiae, 34, nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iee ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y 2).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a-57,
aoe. Ciieia?/ia,3)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 11 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.I.ssai?ianueeeeCAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

A aeaiee /an a Oe?a?i? neeaeany neeaaeia aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y.
Ii/eiath/e c 1991 ?ieo, nia?oi?noue ianaeaiiy ia?aaeuo?
ia?iaeaeoaai?noue. Eiao?oe??io i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo ianaeaiiy a 1996
?ioe? neeaaeaa -6,1‰ i?ioe 1,7‰ o 1987 ?ioe?. Cia/ii iia??oeeeny
iieacieee caei?ia’y ae?iie, o oiio /ene? ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai. Oae, o 1996
?ioe? /anoioa aeyaeaieo aiai?e o aaa?oieo ae?iie aei??aithaaea 32,1%
(8,7% – o 1990 ?.), /anoioa iaaeiiioaiue aaa?oiino? – 12,1% (6,8% – o
1990 ?.), iaoa?einueea nia?oi?noue – 30,4 ia 100 oen. iieia?a,
ia?aae/ani? iieiae – 5,2 ia 1000 ia?iaeaeaieo, o?iaeaeai? aaaee ?icaeoeo
– 39,8 ia 1000 ia?iaeaeaieo. I?ia?aeiith i?e/eiith aeiaaee?a
iaoa?einueei? nia?oiino? ? aeno?aaai?oaeueia iaoieia?y, cia/io ieoiio
aaao na?aae yei? caeiathoue na?oeaai-noaeeii? caoai?thaaiiy. Na?aae on?o
aeyaeaieo oai?eo i?ioan?eieie caoai?thaaiiyie, ae?iee neeaaeathoue
15-20%. Iieaciee iai?aoeacaeaoiino? o ieo aeua, i?ae o /ieia?e?a
(TH.?.Eoiae??a, 1991, 1995; C.A.Oe??ye-Ieaeiee, 1991; E.A.Aeoaea oa ?i.,
1993; ?.Aiaaoe?ueiaa, 1997).

Oiiae i?aoe?, ui ia a?aeiia?aeathoue nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iei aeiiaai, ?
iaeiei c aieiaieo /eiiee?a, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia i?aai?ci
?ia?oieoeue. Aiane?aeie oeueiai, o ae?iie i?aeaeuothoueny ??ai?
caoai?thaaiino?, aeieeathoue ii?ooaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?. Oae, o i?iieneiaino? 424
oen. ae?iie i?aoeththoue a oiiaao, ye? ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iei noaiaea?oai, ui neeaaea? 20% caaaeueii?
/enaeueiino? ?ia?oiee?a o aaeoc? ? 15,3% caaaeueii? /enaeueiino?
i?aoethth/eo ae?iie (TH.?.Eoiae??a, 1991, 1995; ?.Aiaaoe?ueiaa, 1997).
Na?aae ieo aeanyoee oeny/ caeiyo? o aeaioiaeaii? ae?ia?a c neioaoe/ieo
iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a, cie?aia ia iniia? aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e (AE),
ye? oe?iei canoiniaothoueny ? ia?niaeoeai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy a
i?iieneiaino?. AE i?eoaiaii? oi?eaeuei? o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino?, ye?
iaoiiaeththoue ?o aeei?enoaiiy a aaaaoueio aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa (aa?a-, noaeii- ? iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?, ae?iaieoeoa?
?aae?ioaoi?/ieo i?eeaae?a oa ?i.) o oe?ieiio ani?oeiaio? ? a cia/ieo
e?eueeinoyo. C eiaeiei ?ieii ca?eueoo?oueny ?o aeione (M.Manson, 1980;
E.I.Oieiaii, 1989).

Aieeao AE ? i?iaeoeo?a ?o neioaco ia i?aai?ci ?ia?oiee?a, caeiyoeo o
ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii? oeeo iaoa??ae?a, i?enay/aii aeineoue aaaaoi
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. A iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? a?aeia?aaeai? aeai? i?i
iani?eyoeeao ae?th AE ? i?iaeoeo?a ?o neioaco ia i?aaie aeeoaiiy
(N.I.Aoeueei, 1971), aaiaoia?e?a?io (E.A.Ia?iaeae, 1975; A.ss.Aeo?euae,
1990), ia?aiao (B.Bachurzewska, I.Borucka 1986; S.Chaturvedi oa ?i.
1995; I.I.Aaeai?iinueea, 1998) oa ?io? i?aaie ? nenoaie (C.Fisher, 1978;
M.Manson 1980; A.I.Oaa/aiei, A.I.ssai?ianeee, 1985, 1989), a oaeiae ia
oe??o (E.I.Oee?eoiia, 1964; I.E.Aa?aiae, 1987; C.G.Mathias, 1987;
R.Jolanki oa ?i., 1995).

Iaeiae aieea AE ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th ae?iie aea/aii
iaaeinoaoiuei. Iiiaeeiie? ?iaioe, i?enay/ai? aea/aiith oe??? i?iaeaie
(N.I.Aee-caaea, 1981; ?.A.Aeenoeneay oa ?i., 1981; O.I.Eoeuyiiaa,
I.A.Ianoa?eiaa, 1987 oa ?i.), aena?oeththoue eeoa ie?ai? aniaeoe ? ia
aeathoue iiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i noai oeueiai ieoaiiy. Cie?aia
i?aaenoaaeai? aeai? i?i a?iaeieia?/io caoai?thaai?noue ae?iie, caeiyoeo
o ae?iaieoeoa? ai?oei?aeae?eio (AOA) (?.A.Aeenoeneay oa ?i., 1981).
Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaia aia??ioiene/ia ae?y o aiieneaeii? niiee
Ai?ae?ai 5 (Y.Szacki oa ?i., 1974; W.Dobryzska oa ?i., 1979), Oi 671
(A.A.AEiein, 1991), AAe-20 (O.I.Eoeuyiiaa, A.A.Ianoa?eiaa, 1987). ?acii
c oei, iioe?ai?noue a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? ? ai?iiiaeueia aeoeai?noue
y?/iee?a o ae?iie, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? AE, ia yeeo ae?? eiiieaen
o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aeaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, caeeoa?oueny ia
aea/aiith. Ia ae??oaii oaeiae ieoaiiy i?i aieea ia y?/ieee eiiiiiaio?a
AE.

A?a??i?/ia ii?ioaaiiy eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a aiieneaeieo niieoe o iia?o??
?iai/i? ciie cae?enith?oueny aac a?aooaaiiy iiaeeeaiai aieeao ia
?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th, a niaoeeo?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey iie?ioaiiy ?
icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoe? ae?iie, caeiyoeo a aiieneaeiiio ae?iaieoeoa?
ia ?ic?iaeai?. Ana aeuaaeeeaaeaia na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue
aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeaia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? oaie IAe? “?ic?iaea iiai?
iaaee/ii? oaoiieia??, i?io?eaeoeee, ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ? e?eoaaiiy
caoai?thaaiue, iaoiiaeaieo aiieneaeieie niieoeaie” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0194E025377).

IAOA ? CAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? ? ?ic?iaoe?
aoaeoeaieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy
iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao AE ia i?aai?ci ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, cie?aia ia
?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th.

Noiniaii iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee noi?ioeueiaai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aeaoe a?a??i?/io ioe?ieo oiiaai i?aoe? ae?iie, ye? eiioaeoothoue o
i?ioean? ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? c AE, ioe?ieoe nooi?iue aaaeeino?,
iai?oaeaiino?, oe?aeeeaino? ? iaaacia/iino? ?o i?aoe? c iiceoe?e
“Aeaeaie/aneie eeanneoeeaoeee o?oaea (ii iieacaoaeyi a?aaeiinoe e
iianiinoe oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu, oyaeanoe e iai?yaeaiiinoe
o?oaeiaiai i?ioeanna)” ? 4137-86

2. Aea/eoe noai caei?ia’y ? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ae?iie, ye?
eiioaeoothoue c AE, cie?aia ca iieacieeaie iioe?aiino? a?iaeieia?/ii? ?
aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??, a oaeiae ai?iiiaeueii? aeoeaiino?
y?/iee?a.

3. Ia i?aenoaa? oieneeieia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo c’ynoaaoe oa?aeoa? aieeao
aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 ia y?/ieee, ia/?ieo ? ie?ee eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei
aeey ooi/iaiiy ie?aieo noi??i iaoai?cio ooeiaeaeoth/i? ae?? AE ia
i?aai?ci ethaeeie.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee o?aaeaiue, aeeeeeaieo
aieeaii AE ca iieacieeaie ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii?? ? aeoeaiino?
a e?ia? ania?oao- ? aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ac.

5. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia
icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoe? ? iiia?aaeaeaiiy iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao AE ia
i?aai?ci ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aia?oa anoaiiaeaia ?ieue
ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE) o ?icaeoeo iaoieia?? y?/iee?a i?ae
aieeaii eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20. Cie?aia iieacaii,
ui aeoeaaoe?y IIE i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooeiaeaeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai o
oie?eoey?ieo ee?oeiao y?/iee?a, ui aaaea aei ii?ooaiiy
ai?iiineioacoth/i? ooieoe?? y?/iee?a. Oea aeiiiaieei oai??th ae??
aiieneaeieo niieoe ia i?aai?ci.

Aia?oa aea/aiee ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai y?/iee?a o ae?iie, ye?
eiioaeoothoue c AE. Cie?aia anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy
ai?iiiaeueiiai aieeao ia ai?oae?e i?oae, ca ?aooiie iaaeinoaoiuei?
iane/aiino? ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio noaoaaeie ai?iiiaie, o ia?oo /a?ao –
ano?iaaiaie. Oea aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe oyaeaiiy i?i noai ?ai?iaeoeoeaii?
ooieoe?? ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii? AE.

Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaeyaeo ?ai?oa
anoaiiaeaii? a?aie/ii aeiionoeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a
aiieneaeiiae?aiiaeo niie o iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie (ia ??ai? 1 ia/i3 ca
AOA) c o?aooaaiiyi ?o aieeao ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ? ?ic?iaeai? i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia
icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoe? ae?iie, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii?
AE. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ii?ooaiue niaoeeo?/ieo
ooieoe?e ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio, ui aeieeee i?ae aieeaii AE.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y o
aeaeyae?:

1. ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eenoa “Iaoiae ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ii?ooaiue
niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?e ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio, ui aeieeee i?ae aieeaii
aiieneaeieo iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a ? i?iaeoeo?a ?o neioaco” ? 2-99 a?ae
24.12.98.

2. ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eenoa “Oeyoe iioei?caoe?? oiia i?aoe? ae?iie, ye?
i?aoeththoue c aiieneaeieie niieaie” ? 1-99 a?ae 24.12.98.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio?
oeaio?o i?ioiaoieia?? i. Ee?aa, iaaeeei-nai?oa?ieo /anoei Aa?aoe?eiiai
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai eiiieaeno ?i. Aioiiiaa (AIOE ?i. Aioiiiaa) ? “Iaye”,
?aeiiieo NAN i. Ee?aa, a oaeiae o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? eaoaae?e a?a??ie
i?aoe? c eo?nii i?ioan?eieo caoai?thaaiue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi?ii naiino?eii i?iaaaeai? ae?iaie/i-a?a??i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
cie?aia nai?oa?ii-o?i?/i?, a oaeiae o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aoe? ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii? AE.
I?iaaaeaiee iiooe, ca?? ? noaoenoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy ia?aeiiiai
iaoa??aeo, ui oa?aeoa?eco? noai a?iaeieia?/ii? ? aeno?aaai?oaeueii?
iaoieia??. Aeeiiaii aenia?eiaioaeueii-oieneeieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ni?eueii c ni?a?ia?oieeaie
IAeEOe IIO, a iiaeeaeaia a?iaeieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie aeeiiaii i?e
o/ano? aeooa?a-a?iaeieiaa, ae.i.i. ?.I.Aaneeue?ai? Aaoi? aeiineoue ue?o
iiaeyeo ae.i.i. Aaneeue?ai? ?.I. ca aeiiiiiao o aeeiiaii? aeaii?
?iaioe.. Aaoi?ii cae?eniaii noaoenoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy, aiae?c ?
ioi?ieaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aoee iia?aeiieai? ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
a/aieo, i?enay/ai?e 70-??//th ?inoeoooa iaaeeoeeie i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie
“No/aniee noai iaaeeoeeie i?aoe? ia ae?iaieoeoa?” (Ee?a 11 a?oaeiy 1998
?.).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 ?ia?o, o oiio /ene? aea? naiino?ei?,
na?aae ieo 3 noaoo? o i?io?eueieo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE
Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe

Iniiaiee oaeno aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee ia 139 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno ?
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 6 iniiaieo ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (166 a?o/eciyieo
– ?in?enueeith ? oe?a?inueeith iiaaie oa 56 ?iicaiieo ia 24 noi??ieao)
oa aeiaeaoeo ia 6 noi??ieao. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?i?ethno?iaaia 18
oaaeeoeyie oa 20 iaethieaie.

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iinoaaeaieo
caaaeaiue, aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? a aeae?eueeio iai?yiao: i?iaaaeai?
ae?iaie/i-a?a??i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy, o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea/aii noai caei?ia’y oa i?iaaaeaii iiaeeaeaia
a?iaeieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, caeiyoeo a aiieneaeiiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, aeeiiai? oieneeieia?/i? aenia?eiaioe.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy i?e ae?iaieoeoa? oa canoinoaaii? aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e
i?iaiaeeee ia Aa?aoe?eiiio iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio eiiieaen? ?i. Aioiiiaa,
Ee?anueeiio aa?aoe?eiiio ae?iaie/iio ia’?aeiaii?, caaiaeao “Iaye” oa
“I?eai”. A iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie aecia/aee ai?no AOA, aoeaoiio, oieoieo,
aaiceio, aooeeaoeaoaoo, a oaeiae ieeo neeiaieieia. Anueiai a?ae?a?aii oa
i?iaiae?ciaaii 256 i?ia iia?o?y ia ai?no a iueiio oe?aeeeaeo o?i?/ieo
?a/iaei. E??i oeueiai, aeine?aeaeoaaee ia?aiao?e i?e?iee?iaoo oa ??ai?
ooio ia ?iai/eo i?noeyo ae?iie. Anueiai i?iaaee 337 aeine?aeaeaiue ooio
oa ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo. Ia aeaieo i?aei?e?inoaao aea/aee
o?c?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? i?aoe? ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue.

Noai caei?ia’y 104 ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, ye? eiioaeooaaee c aiieneaeieie
eiiiiceoe?yie (iniiaia a?oia), oa 108 ae?iie, ye? ia iaee eiioaeoo c
i?ioan?eieie oe?aeeeainoyie (eiio?ieueia a?oia), ioe?ithaaee ca
iieacieeaie iioe?aiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? oa a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia??
ca aeaieie “Iaaee/ieo ea?o aiaoeaoi?iiai oai?iai” o. 025/o. Iiaeeaeaiiio
a?iaeieia?/iiio ianoaaeaiith i?aeaeaee 42 ae?iee c iniiaii? oa 56 – c
eiio?ieueii? a?oi. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iiiaeueii? aeoeaiino? y?/iee?a
i?iaaee o 26 ?ia?oieoeue ae?oi?iaeiiai a?eo iniiaii? oa 12 –
eiio?ieueii? a?oi iaoiaeii ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii??
(I.A.A?naiueaaa, 1963, 1977; A.I.Iaeneiia, 1989).

Aeey ooi/iaiiy iaoai?cio ae?? aiieneaeiiae?aiiaeo niie (ia i?eeeaae?
aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20) iaie aoee i?iaaaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeueii-oieneeieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oieneeieiai-a?a??i?/iee
aenia?eiaio i?iaaee ia 79 naieao a?eeo iae?i?eieo uo??a a?eii 8-10 ae?a
oa naieao aei?ineeo uo??a. Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aee aea/aiiy
?iaaeyoe?eii? ae?? eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 oa
neeaaeaeenue c aeaio aeae?a cao?aaee – aino?i? oa i?aeaino?i?.

Aino?iio aieeao i?aeaeaaaee thaai?eueieo naiie (a?eii 8-10 ae?a) oa
aei?ineeo naiie iaeii?aciai, i?ioyaii /ioe?ueio aiaeei. Eiioeaio?aoe??
ae?th/eo eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a AAe-20 noaiiaeee 10,4±0,12 ia/i3 oa
50,4±1,32 ia/i3 ca AOA.

I?aeaino?o cao?aaeo i?iaiaeeee ia aei?ineeo naieao. Oaa?ei i?aeaeaaaee
aieeao eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a AAe-20 a eiioeaio?aoe?yo 1,02±0,02 ia/i3 oa
9,95±0,04 ia/i3 i?ioyaii /ioe?ueio oeaei?a, ii i’youe ae?a ia oeaeaeaiue
(/ioe?e aiaeeie ia aeiao).

Eiioeaio?aoe?? eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 aeae?aee,
aeoiaey/e c ianooiiiai: 1,02±0,02 ia/i3 ciaoiaeeoueny i?aeoe/ii ia ??ai?
AAeE a iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie (AINO 12.1.005-88); 9,95±0,04 ia/i3 –
a?aeiia?aea? Limac; 50,4±1,32 ia/i3 cacaeaeaa?aeue oiene/ia i?e aino??e
ae??.

O thaai?eueieo uo??a i?ney cao?aaee aecia/aee caaeaaeue iioeeo?a a
y?/ieeao. O aei?ineeo naiie a e?ia? aecia/aee aeoeai?noue AeAO oa AnAO
ca iaoiaeii S.Reitman, S.Frenkel, 1957, a oaeiae ??ai? niiioaiiiai oa
?iaeoeiaaiiai Fe(II)-IAAeOI ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a a ia/?ioe? oa
y?/ieeao (TH.A.Aeaaeeie?ia, A.E.A?/aeia, 1972). Anueiai i?iaaaeaii 118
a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca aeiiiiiaith na?oeiai? i?e?ineii?? aea/aee
ii?oieia?th ia/?iee, ie?ie oa y?/iee?a, aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? –
oeueo?ano?oeoo?o y?/iee?a (anueiai aeine?aeaeaii 101 i?aai).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeyee noaoenoe/ii c aecia/aiiyi na?aaei?o
aaee/ei, iioeaee na?aaeiuei?, e?eoa??y t (No’thaeaioa-O?oa?a) ia
aeaeo?iiii ia/enethaaeuei?e iaoei? IBM PC.

A?a??i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oiia i?aoe? ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, ye? caeiyo? a
ae?iaieoeoa? oa canoinoaaii? aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.
I?iaaaeai? iaie ae?iaie/i-a?a??i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui
oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa oa canoinoaaiiy AE noai?th? oiiae, ca
yeeo ia ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue ae?thoue /eiieee ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua oa
o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaieie i?ioan?yie ae?iie,
ye? eiioaeoothoue c aiieneaeieie eiiiiceoe?yie, ? aia?aoieoe?,
iia?aoi?e, oi?ioaaeueieoe?, eeaeiaa?e, caeeaaeueieoe? eiiiaoiaeo.

I?ia?aeiei /eiieeii, yeee aieeaa? ia ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, ? o?i?/iee.
Eiioeaio?aoe?? oe?aeeeaeo o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei o iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie
ciaoiaeeeenue ia ??ai? AAeE aai ia?aaeuoaaee AAeE aei 3 ?ac, ui
caeaaeaei a?ae iniaeeainoae ae?iaieoeoaa oa oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e, ye?
aeeiioaaee ae?iee-?ia?oieoe?. Ai?no iniiaiiai eaoeiai eiiiiiaioo –
ai?oei?aeae?eio a iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie eieeaaany a?ae 0,25 ia/i3 aei
1,93 ia/i3. I?e aeeiiaii? ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e a iia?o??
?iai/i? ciie aecia/aany aoeaoii a eiioeaio?aoe?yo 200-400 ia/i3, aaicei
– 120-150 ia/i3, aooeeaoeaoao – 228-230 ia/i3, iee neeiaieieia – 1-8
ia/i3.

E??i oiai, ia oi?ioaaeueieoeue ae?ya ooi, ??ai? yeiai ia?aaeuoaaee AAeO
ia 5-10 aeAA. Caeeaaeueieoe? eiiiaoiaeo oa oi?ioaaeueieoe? caciaaaee
aieeao iani?eyoeeaiai i?e?iee?iaoo (ia?aaeuaiiy a oaieee ia??iae ?ieo
oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y ia 20N oa a?aeiinii? aieiaino? iia?o?y aei 5%). Ia
?ioeo ?iai/eo i?noeyo ??ai? ooio ia ia?aaeuoaaee AAeO (ca?aeii
NI 3223-85), a ia?aiao?e i?e?iee?iaoo a?aeiia?aeaee aeiionoeiei (ca?aeii
AINO 12.1.005-88).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iniiaieie aeaea?aeaie oe?aeeeaeo o?i?/ieo
?a/iaei a iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie neoaothoue iaaa?iaoe/ia oaoiieia?/ia
iaeaaeiaiiy, iayai?noue aaeeeeo ca ieiuath a?aee?eoeo iiaa?oiiue
aeia?iaoaaiiy o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei, a oaeiae iaaoaeoeaia ?iaioa
i?eieeaii-aeoyaeii? aaioeeyoe??.

Aeaea?aeii ooio ? ae?th/a oaoiieia?/ia iaeaaeiaiiy oa iaoai?/ia
aaioeeyoe?y, i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y – iaa??aaeuei? ia/?.

?iaioa ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? oa canoinoaaii?
aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o?ce/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi –
i?aeeiiii oa ia?ai?uaiiyi aaioaaeo ianith aei 25 ea 1-2 ?ace ca ?iai/o
ci?io, aeiooaiei ia?aaoaaiiyi a iaoeeaiiio iieiaeaii? i?ae eooii aei 300
i?ioyaii 40-50% o?eaaeino? ci?ie, iaoeeaie ei?iono i?ae eooii a?eueoa
i?ae 300 – aei 110 ?ac?a i?ioyaii ?iai/i? ci?ie.

Oaeei /eiii, iaea?aeai? aeai? aeicaieeee iai a?aeianoe i?aoeth
ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue ca?aeii “Aeaeaie/aneie eeanneoeeaoeee o?oaea (ii
iieacaoaeyi a?aaeiinoe e iianiinoe oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu,
oyaeanoe e iai?yaeaiiinoe o?oaeiaiai i?ioeanna)” ?4167-86 aei ??? eeano
(oe?aeeea? oa iaaacia/i?) 1-2 nooiaiy.

Noai caei?ia’y ? niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?e ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, ye?
eiioaeoothoue c aiieneaeieie eiiiiceoe?yie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio
caei?ia’y i?iaaaeaii o 104 ae?iie, ye? eiioaeooaaee c aiieneaeieie
eiiiiceoe?yie (iniiaia a?oia) oa o 108 ae?iie, ye? ia iaee eiioaeoo c
i?ioan?eieie oe?aeeeainoyie. I?e ?iciiae?e? ae?iie ca a?eiaeie a?oiaie
anoaiiaeaii, ui a?eueoa iieiaeie ae?iie a iaio a?oiao iaee a?e 40-49
?ie?a. A?eia? a?oie “30-39” oa “50 ? a?eueoa” ?ie?a noaiiaeee i?eaeecii
18-23%, a?oia “20-29 ?ie?a” aoea i?aeoe/ii a?aenooiy. Na?aaei?e a?e
ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie aei??aithaaa 45,1±0,7 ?ie?a, eiio?ieueii? –
43,9±0,7 ?ie?a.

Noaaeiaee neeaae ae?iie iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi aoa i?aaenoaaeaiee
ia?aaaaeii a?oiith “a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a” (86,5% oa 99,1% a?aeiia?aeii).
?io? noaaeia? a?oie aoee iacia/i? ca e?euee?noth ? neeaaeaee 0,9-8,7%
an?o ?ia?oieoeue.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui 91,34±2,7% ae?iie iniiaii? oa 58,33±4,7%
eiio?ieueii? a?oi iaee aeno?aaai?oaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy. Iioe?ai?noue
iaoieia?? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie neeaaeaea a iniiai?e a?oi?
24,04±4,2% i?ioe 9,26±2,8% a eiio?ieuei?e (p<0,01); aeeoaeueii? nenoaie – 8,65±2,7% i?ioe 1,85±1,3% (p<0,05); oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo – 63,46±4,7% i?ioe 23,15±4,0% (p<0,01); aaaaoi-noaeeiii? aeenoii?? – 41,35±4,8% i?ioe 23,15±4,1% (p<0,01) a?aeiia?aeii. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaaa oie oaeo, ui aeae?eueea aeno?aaai?oaeueieo caoai?thaaiue ??cieo i?aai?a ? nenoai iaeii/anii a iniiai?e a?oi? iaee 60,58±4,8% ae?iie, a eiio?ieuei?e – 13,88±3,2% (p<0,01). Aeai? i?i iioe?ai?noue a?iaeieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1. Oaaeeoey 1 Iioe?ai?noue iniiaieo aeae?a a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi (M±m, n=212) Aeaee aeyaeaii? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia??A?oieE?eoa??e t (No’th-aeaioa)iniiaia, n=104eiio?ieueia, n=108/enei%/enei%O?a?ii?iia iaoee1514,42±3,498,33±2,71,39Iaoieia?y iiei/ii? caeice43,85±1,921,85±1,30,87Caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy noaoaaeo i?aai?a3028,85±4,4**2018,52±3,71,79Ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo1110,58±3,0**43,70±1,81,95E?noa y?/iee?a32,88±1,621,85±1,30,49Iiouaiiy no?iie i?oae ? iaoee1312,5±3,2*54,63±2,02,02?io? a?iaeieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy1716,35±3,6109,26±2,71,55?acii in?a, ye? iathoue a?iaeieia?/io iaoieia?th5956,73±4,8*4541,67±4,72,21I?ei?oea: 1. * – a?aei?iiino? o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai a??ia?aei? (p<0,05); 2. ** – oaiaeaioe?y (p<0,1) sse aeaeii c iaaaaeaieo aeaieo, na?aae caoai?thaaiue ae?ii/i? noaoaai? noa?e iioe?ai?noue iiouaiiy no?iie i?oae ? iaoee a??ia?aeii ca?eueooaaeany a?aeiinii eiio?ieth (p<0,05). Caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy noaoaaeo i?aai?a, ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo oa ?io? a?iaeieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy iaee oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy (p<0,1). O iiiaeeiieeo aeiaaeeao a iaio a?oiao aeyaeaia iaoieia?y iiei/ii? caeice ? e?noa y?/iee?a. Aeae?eueea a?iaeieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue a iniiai?e a?oi? iaeii/anii ae?aaiinooaaeeny o 14,42±3,4% ae?iie, a eiio?ie? – o 7,4±2,5% (p<0,1). Ii?aeiaiiy a?iaeieia?/ii? ? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? aeyaeaia o 54,80±4,9% ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie ? o 22,22±4,0% – eiio?ieueii? (p<0,01). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i aoyaiaiiy a iaoieia?/iee i?ioean a oiiaao aieeao aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e ??cieo i?aai?a ? nenoai i?aoethth/eo, oiaoi i?i iie?o?iiio ae?th aeine?aeaeoaaieo niieoe. A??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy a?aeiinii eiio?ieth e?eueeino? ae?iie, ye? iathoue iaeii/anii aeae?eueea aeno?aaai?oaeueieo caoai?thaaiue aai aeno?aaai?oaeueio ? a?iaeieia?/io iaoieia?th, na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aaaaeii ianiaoeeo?/io ae?th eiiiiiaio?a AE ia i?aai?ci ae?iie. Aeno?aaai?oaeueia ? a?iaeieia?/ia iaoieia?y ?acii ocyoa a?aecia/aia o 94,23±2,3% ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie, a a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aiia aeyaeaia o 65,74±4,6% ianoaaeaieo in?a (p<0,01). Aeey aea/aiiy ca’yceo i?ae o?eaae?noth eiioaeoo ae?iie c AE ? iioe?ai?noth iaoieia?? ?ia?oieoeue iniiaii? a?oie ?icae?eeee ia 2 i?aea?oie, o caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? eiioaeoo i?ioyaii ?iai/i? ci?ie. O ia?oo i?aea?oio aa?eoee ae?iee, ye? iaee iino?eiee aaciina?aaei?e eiioaeo c AE i?ioyaii ia iaioa 80% ?iai/i? ci?ie. Ae?oao i?aea?oio neeaee ae?iee, ye? caciaaaee aieeao AE ia??iaee/ii (aei 50% ?iai/iai aeiy). AE?iee, ye? ia caciaaaee aieeao o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei, neoaoaaee eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. O eiaei?e c cacia/aieo a?oi aea/aee iioe?ai?noue aeno?aaai?oaeueii?, a?iaeieia?/ii?, a oaeiae aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? ?acii ocyoeo. Iioe?ai?noue aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? a a?oi? ae?iie, ye? iaee ia??iaee/iee eiioaeo c AE i?ioyaii ?iai/i? ci?ie, noaiiaeea 90,9±4,3%, o a?oi? ae?iie, ye? ia eiioaeooaaee c AE – 58,33±4,7% (p<0,01). Iioe?ai?noue ?acii ocyoeo aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? a a?oi? ae?iie, ye? iaee ia??iaee/iee eiioaeo c AE (93,75±3,6%), oaeiae a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeany a?ae a?oie, ui ia eiioaeooaaee c AE (65,74±4,6%), p<0,01. Iioe?ai?noue aeno?aaai?oaeueii? (93,75±3,1%), a oaeiae aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? ?acii ocyoeo (94,31±2,9%) a a?oi? ae?iie, ye? eiioaeooaaee c AE iino?eii, oaeiae a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeany a?ae iioe?aiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? (58,33±4,7%) oa aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? ?acii ocyoeo (65,74±4,6%) a a?oi? ae?iie, ui ia iaee eiioaeoo c AE. O oie aea /an, aea/aiiy iioe?aiino? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? a a?oiao ae?iie, ye? iino?eii eiioaeooaaee (56,81±6,4%) ? ye? iaee ia??iaee/iee eiioaeo c AE (56,25±7,5%), aeyaeei oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy (p<0,1 aeey eiaeii? a?oie) a?aeiinii a?oie “ui ia eiioaeooaaee” (41,67±4,7%). Iioe?ai?noue on?o aeae?a iaoieia?? (aeno?aaai?oaeueii? – 93,75±3,1%, a?iaeieia?/ii? – 56,81±6,4% oa aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? ?acii ocyoeo – 94,31±2,9%) o a?oiao ae?iie, ye? iino?eii eiioaeooaaee c AE, ia iaea a??ia?aeieo a?aei?iiinoae a?aeiinii a?oie ae?iie, ye? eiioaeooaaee ia??iaee/ii c AE (90,9±4,3%; 56,25±7,5% ? 93,75±3,6% a?aeiia?aeii). Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui AE, iaa?oue i?e eiioaeo? c ieie i?ioyaii 50% ?iai/iai /ano, /eiyoue iani?eyoeeaee aieea ia i?aai?ci ?ia?oieoeue. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a??ia?aeiei ca?eueoaiiyi o ieo, a?aeiinii eiio?ieth, iieaciee?a iioe?aiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? oa aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? ?acii ocyoeo ? oaiaeaioe??th aei ca?eueoaiiy iioe?aiino? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia??. Iacia/ia, iaa??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy iioe?aiino? an?o aeae?a iaoieia??, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeanue, o ae?iie, ye? iino?eii eiioaeooaaee c AE a?aeiinii a?oie, ui iaee ia??iaee/iee eiioaeo iiynith?oueny ianooiiei. Iaea?eueo /ooeea? aei aieeao AE ae?iee a a?oi? c iino?eiei eiioaeoii, naiino?eii ia?aoiaeeee ia ?iaioo ia iia’ycaio c aieeaii AE, /iai i?aeoe/ii ia niinoa??aaeinue o ?ia?oieoeue, ye? ia??iaee/ii eiioaeooaaee c AE. Caaaeyee oeueiio, a aeai?e a?oi? iieacieee ?iciianthaeaeaiino? an?o aeae?a iaoieia?? iaeaea ia c?inoaee ii??aiyii c ae?ieaie, ye? eiioaeooaaee c AE i?ioyaii 80% ?iai/iai /ano. An? a?ae?a?ai? aeey iiaeeaeaiiai a?iaeieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?iee a iaio a?oiao iaee i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaee a?e ? i?ioan?eiee noaae, ?aaoey?ii aeeee noaoaaei aeeooyi, ia canoiniaoaaee ai?iiiaeueieo i?ioecaie?aeieo cania?a, ia iaee iaoieia?? noaoaai? noa?e aei i?eeiio ia ?iaioo. Iiaeeaeaia ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, ye? eiioaeooaaee o i?ioean? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? c AE, oaeiae iieacaei ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? a?iaeieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai. Cie?aia caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy noaoaaeo i?aai?a ae?aaiinoiaaii o 21 ae?iee iniiaii? a?oie ? o 7 – a eiio?ie?; iiouaiiy no?iie i?oae oa iaoee o 9 ? 3; o?a?ii?iio iaoee o 7 oa 3; ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo o 6 oa 2 a?aeiia?aeii. Ie?ai? ?ica?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e noiniaii noaio caei?ia’y oa niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?e ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio (N.I.Aoeueei, 1971; E.A.Ia?iaeay, 1975; ?.A.Aeenoeneie oa ?i., 1981; A.I.ssai?ianeiai, 1990; I.I.Aaeai?iinueei?, 1998) iia’ycai? c iiaeeeaeie a?aei?iiinoyie o a?eiaiio ? noaaeiaiio neeaae? ianoaaeaieo ?ia?oieoeue, a oaeiae c aeayeeie ??cieoeyie a o?i?/iiio neeaae? ?a/iaei ? eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ui aieeaathoue ia ieo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaino?oaeueii? ooieoe?? iieacaei, ui o a?eueoino? ianoaaeaieo ae?iie iaio a?oi iaino?oaoe?? ii/aeenue a/anii, anoaiiaeeenue iae?aco. Ee?i?/ii ae?aaiinoiaaii ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueii? ooieoe?? /ano?oa o ?ia?oieoeue iniiaii? a?oie, na?aae ieo aoeeee?/i? iaino?oaeuei? oeeeee (23,8±6,7%) a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae eiio?ieth (3,6±2,5%), p<0,01, a aeenooieoe?iiaeuei? iaoeia? e?iaioa/? (14,3±5,4% a iniiai?e a?oi? i?ioe 3,6±2,4% a eiio?ie?) iaee oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy (p<0,1). Aeai? i?i ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th ianoaaeaieo ?ia?oieoeue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a iaio a?oiao ae?iee /ano?oa ia?a?eaaee aaa?oi?noue (57,2±3,8% a iniiai?e a?oi? ? 64,6±3,1% a eiio?ie?), i?ae ia?iaeaeoaaee (38,5±3,7% ? 32,9±3,0% a?aeiia?aeii). Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe aeayea ca?eueoaiiy a iniiai?e a?oi? aeeeaei?a – 3,6±1,4% i?ioe 2,1±1,9 a eiio?ie?. I?iaaaeai? ai?iiiaeuei? eieueiioeeoineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aieea aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e ia i?aai?ci ae?iie i?eaiaeea aei ii?ooaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? noaoaaeo ai?iii?a. Oae, ?iaeaen ea??ii?eiico o ?ia?oieoeue iniiaii? a?oie ia 14-e aeaiue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo a?aeiia?aeaa 44,3±6,8% i?ioe 72,8±12,8% a eiio?ie? (p<0,05) ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo i?oayieo iace?a. ?iaeaen aiceiio?e??, a?aeiia?aeii, oaeiae aoa cieaeaiee a iniiai?e a?oi? aei 40,2±7,9% i?ioe 64,6±3,8% (p<0,05) a eiio?ie?, ui, ?iia??ii, iia’ycaii c? cieaeaiiyi ano?iaaiii? iane/aiino? i?aai?cio. I?e aea/aii? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio y?/iee?a anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?iaeueiee aeaioaciee iaino?oaeueiee oeeee iaee anueiai 19,2% ianoaaeaieo ae?iie. O ?ioeo in?a aeyaeaii ??ci? ii?ooaiiy ai?iiiaeueii? aeoeaiino? y?/iee?a, na?aae yeeo cieaeaiiy ano?iaaiii? aeoeaiino? a?aei?/aii o 23,1%, cieaeaiiy i?iaanoa?iiiai? aeoeaiino? o 11,5%, iaaeinoaoi?noue iaio oac o 11,5% oa aiiaoeyoi?iee oeeee – o 34,6%. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie /ano?oa cono??/aeenue aeiaaeee cieaeaiiy ano?iaaiii? iane/aiino?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeinue ? a?eueo /anoeie ii?ooaiiyie o ieo iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo. Ii?ooaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? ai?iii?a y?/ieeaie o ae?iie oa?aeoa?ia ? aeey aieeao ia ieo ?ioeo oe?aeeeaeo o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei. Cie?aia, A.E.Aeeiia oa ?i., 1984 aeacothoue ia cieaeaiiy ano?iaaiii? aeoeaiino? o ?ia?oieoeue iaooii?iiene?a, a oaeiae o ae?iie c o?ii?/iith ?ioieneeaoe??th aaiceiii. Aeyaeai? iaie o ae?iie, ye? eiioaeoothoue c AE, ii?ooaiiy noaio caei?ia’y – cia/i? ??ai? iioe?aiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? oa a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia??, ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo oa ai?iiiaeueii? aeoeaiino? y?/iee?a – iiaeooue noaiiaeoe caa?ico aeey ?o ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??. Ia oea aeaco? aeayea ca?eueoaiiy o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie aeeeaei?a, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai. E??i oiai, ia iiaeia aeeeth/eoe iiaeeeaino? oiai, ui o ae?iie, ye? eiioaeoothoue c AE, iiaea aeieeaoe cia/ii a?eueoa e?euee?noue aeeeaei?a oa ?icaeaaoenue ?ioa iaoieia?y ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??. I?ioa, o ca’yceo c aaeeeith e?euee?noth ooo/ieo aai?o?a (57,2±3,7% a?ae e?eueeino? aaa?oiinoae), ye? aoee c?iaeai? ia ?aii?o noaae?yo aaa?oiino?, oey iaoieia?y ia anoeaaea i?iyaeoenue, ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ia iiaea aooe ae?aaiinoiaaiith. Ee?i?/ii i?e i?iaaaeaii? a?iaeieia?/iiai iaeyaeo ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo aeyaeaii o 14,3±5,4% ae?iie, a iaoiaeii ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii?? – o 80,7±7,7%. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ai?iiiaeuei? ii?ooaiiy iiaeooue ia?aa?aaoe iaiii?oii ? aeyaeyoenue o?eueee i?e canoinoaaii? niaoe?aeueieo eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeoiaey/e c aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai, iaoiae ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii?? ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee iaie aeey ?aiiuei? aeiee?i?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ii?ooaiue niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?e ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio, ui aeieeee i?ae aieeaii AE. I?e i?iaaaeaii? eieueiioeeoineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoe/ii o an?o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie o i?oayieo iaceao aeyaeaia i?e?ioei?a, eiee, eaeeioeeoe, ui iaeaea ia cono??/aeinue a eiio?ie?. Oea iiaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie a?iaeieia?/iiai iaeyaeo, aea ee?i?/ii ae?aaiinoiaaii cia/io e?euee?noue caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue noaoaaeo i?aai?a. Oa?aeoa? aieeao aiieneaeieo niie ia i?aai?ci eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei. I?iaaaeai? iaie aenia?eiaioaeueii-oieneeieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iniiai? eiiiiiaioe AE – aiieneaei? niiee /eiyoue caaaeueiioiene/io ae?th ia i?aai?ci eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei, o oiio /ene? ia y?/ieee. Ae?y ia y?/ieee aeyaeyeany a aenia?eiaio? o aeaeyae? caaeaae? i?eii?ae?aeueieo oie?eoe?a, a oaeiae oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo ooeiaeaeaiue a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai ee?oei, o ia?oo /a?ao oie?eoey?ieo. I?ae aieeaii eaoeeo eiiiiiaio?a aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 o thaai?eueieo oaa?ei ?a?no?oaaeanue caaeaaeue i?eii?ae?aeueieo oie?eoe?a, i?e/iio aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue ca?eueoaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iieacieea a?ae ca?eueoaiiy aeice ?a/iaeie, ui aieeaa? (caeaaei?noue aeica-aoaeo). Eaoe? eiiiiiaioe aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 ca?eueooaaee ??ai? IIE o ia/?ioe? ? y?/ieeao, i?aeaeuoaaee aeoeai?noue aeai?i- ? ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ac o e?ia? eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei. Oae, aecia/aiiy IIE o ia/?ioe? ? y?/ieeao eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei i?ney i?aeaino?iai aieeao aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 o eiioeaio?aoe?? 1,02±0,02 ia/i3 iieacaei a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a ye a ia/?ioe?, oae ? a y?/ieeao (oaaeeoey 2). Iaeii/anii c oeei, o y?/ieeao, ia/?ioe? ? ie?eao niinoa??aaeeny no?oeoo?i? ci?ie (aeeno?io?/i? ci?ie a ia/?ioe? ? caeaenoeo eaiaeueoeyo iao?iia, iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oeiieo iaia?ai a y?/ieeao oa ?i.). Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aeoeaaoe?y IIE i?ae aieeaii eaoeiai eiiieaeno aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 iiaea i?ecaiaeeoe aei ii?ooaiiy no?oeoo?ii? oe?e?niino? iaia?ai. Ia oea aeaco? i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? a e?ia? AeAO ? AnAO i?e aino??e ae?? eaoeeo ?a/iaei aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 a eiioeaio?aoe?? 50,41,32 ia/i3. Oaaeeoey 2 ??aaiue IIE (ii iaeiiiaiio ae?aeueaeaa?aeo) o ia/?ioe? ? y?/ieeao iae?i?eieo a?eeo uo??a (iiieue/a) i?ney i?aeaino?i? cao?aaee eaoeeie eiiiiiaioaie aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 (M±m) Eiioeaio?aoe?? AAe-20, ia/i3 ii AOAI?aaieAeine?aeEiio?ieueniiioaiia?iaeoeiaaianiiioaiia?iaeoeiaaia1,02±0 ,02ia/?iea316±33,1*648,3±28,6*143,7±6,0388±17,8y?/ieee79,8±6,0*222,5±31, 1**39,2±3,9121,7±11,459,950,04ia/?iea229,8±35,2*576±53,1*143,7±6,0388±17 ,8y?/ieee68,7±5,1*135,2±25,839,2±3,9121,7±11,5I?ei?oea: 1. * – a?aei?iiino? o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai a??ia?aei? (p<0,01) 2. ** – a?aei?iiino? o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai a??ia?aei? (p<0,05) I?eii?ae?aeuei? oie?eoee thaai?eueieo naiie aeyaeeeny /ooeeaeie aei ae?? eaoeeo niieoe aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20. I?i oea na?ae/eoue ?o caaeaaeue, ui ia? aeiciao caeaaei?noue. I?e i?iaaaeaii? i?aeaino?iai aenia?eiaioo ea?oeia ?ioieneeaoe??, o ii??aiyii? c aino?ith cao?aaeith, aeaui ci?ithaaeany, ui aeyaeyeiny a?eueo aenieeie iieacieeaie IIE. O oie aea /an, aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/ii aecia/aeeny ci?ie oe?e?niino? iaia?ai ee?oei y?/iee?a, ui aoee a?eueo ae?aaeai? i?e aieea? eaoeeo ?a/iaei niiee AAe-20 o eiioeaio?aoe?? 9,950,04 ia/i3. Iaia?aiiooeiaeaeoth/ee aoaeo ia?aaaaeii aoa ae?aaeaiee o oie?eoey?ieo ee?oeiao oie?eoea, ui ?inoa, a yeoeaee?oeie aeyaeeeny a?eueo no?eeeie aei ae?? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai /eiieea. Ia iaoo aeoieo, a iniia? ii?ooaiue ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ae?iie i?ae aieeaii AE eaaeaoue oae? iaoai?cie. Aiieneaei? niieoee iathoue a nai?e iieaeoe? aiieneaeia oa?oiiaaiiy, ui iaoiiaeth? ?o neeuei? ieenethaaeuei? aeanoeaino?. Caaaeyee oeueiio, aiie aca?iiae?thoue c iie?iaian/aieie aee?ieie eeneioaie iaia?ai (o ia?oo /a?ao c eeiieaaith, eeiieaiiaith ? a?ao?aeiiiaith), ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeoeaaoe?? i?ioean?a IIE. Aiane?aeie oeueiai, ii?ooo?oueny no?oeoo?a a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai, ia?aaaaeii a oie?eoey?ieo ee?oeiao. O naith /a?ao, aaaee?noue, ia?aa?a ? iane?aeee ?ioieneeaoe?? aiieneaeieie niieoeaie aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy ooeiaeaeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai. Oea ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie TH.A.Aeaaeeie?iaa, A.E.A?/aeiaa, 1972; I.I.Aine?anaineiai oa ?i., 1982; I.A.Iiaa?aceeiie, E.O.Ineineie, 1989; O.A.Iieeeaiei oa ?i., 1998, ye? aeacothoue ia aiaeia?/iee iaoai?ci i?io?eaiiy ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a a i?aai?ci? i?e aieea? aeciaaiieo o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei. Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui aeyaeai? a aenia?eiaio? oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ? a?io?i?/i? ci?ie a i?aaiao eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei, iiaeooue oaeiae ?icaeaaoenue o ethaeae, ye? caciathoue aieea AE o i?ioean? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. Ia iaoo aeoieo, cieaeaiiy ai?iiiaeueii? aeoeaiino? y?/iee?a aeeeeeaia ooeiaeaeaiiyi oie?eoey?ieo ee?oei aiane?aeie aieeao AE ? aeoeaaoe?? IIE a iaia?aiao ee?oei ? i?aaiae. A ?acoeueoao? iaia?aiiooeiaeaeoth/i? ae?? cieaeoaaeany ai?iiii?iaeoeoth/a aeoeai?noue y?/iee?a. Oea, a naith /a?ao, i?iyaeyeiny o cieaeaii? ai?iiiaeueiiai aieeao ia neeciao iaieiieo i?oae, yeee aecia/aany iaoiaeii ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii??. Iaie aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? a e?ia? eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei aeoeaiino? AeAO ? AnAO i?e iao?eaaeiio oa?i?i? aieeao aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 (4 oeaei?) ? iaaenie?e eiioeaio?aoe?? – 1,02±0,02 ia/i3 ii AOA (ia ??ai? iei? ?nioth/i? AAeE), ui a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeiny a?ae eiio?ieth. Ia i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? cacia/aieo oa?iaio?a o ethaeae, ye? caciaaaee aieeao eiiiiiaio?a AE, aeacothoue N.I.Aoeueei, 1971; A.ss.Aeo?euae, 1991; I.I.Aaeai?iinueea, 1998 oa ?i. Aeoiaey/e c aeuacacia/aiiai, aecia/aiiy a e?ia? ethaeae aeoeaiino? AeAO ? AnAO iiaea neoaeeoe ?aii?i ianiaoeeo?/iei ae?aaiinoe/iei oanoii ?ioieneeaoe?? eiiiiiaioaie AE. Oaeei /eiii, oiiae i?aoe? ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii? AE, iiaeooue /eieoe iani?eyoeeaee aieea ia niaoeeo?/i? ooieoe?? ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio ? i?eaiaeeoe aei ca?eueoaiiy iioe?aiino? ??cieo aeae?a iaoieia??, ui aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee icaei?ia/eo i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a. Iniiai? oeyoe iioei?caoe?? oiia i?aoe? ae?iie, ye? i?aoeththoue c aiieneaeieie eiiiiceoe?yie. 1. Canoinoaaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? iaeiiaaacia/ieo aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e, iaoai?caoe?y oa aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Iaiao?aeii iino?eii aaeineiiaethaaoe iaeaaeiaiiy (?aaeoi?e, oa?iinoaoe oa ?i.), a yeeo ciaoiaeyoueny /e /a?ac ye? i?ioiaeyoue aiieneaei? eiiiiceoe?? oa ?io? o?i?/i? ?a/iaeie, ?aoaeueii ne?aeeoaaoe ca ?o aa?iaoe/i?noth. 2. Ii?iae?caoe?y oiia i?aoe? (cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e oe?aeeeaeo o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei – ai?oei?aeae?eio, aaiceio, aoeaoiio, aooeeaoeaoaoo aei ??aiy AAeE, ??ai?a ooio – aei AAeO, oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y – aei aeiionoeieo ii?i) ca?aeii c AINO 12.1.005-88 “Iauea naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneea o?aaiaaiey e aicaeooo ?aai/ae ciiu”, “Naieoa?iuie ii?iaie aeiionoeiiai o?iaiy ooia ia ?aai/eo ianoao” ?3223-85 io 12 ia?oa 1985 a. oa ?i. 3. ?aoe?iiaeueia i?aai?caoe?y i?eieeaii-aeoyaeii? aaioeeyoe??, yea iiaeiia aooe iaeaaeiaia oaeei /eiii, uia cae?enithaaany aeinoaoi?e iai?i iia?o?y ? aeeeth/aeanue iiaeeea?noue i?iieeiaiiy ia??a oa aa?icie?a o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei a?ae aeaea?ae aeieeiaiiy a noi?aei? i?ei?uaiiy. E?aoi?noue iai?io iia?o?y iiaeiia neeaaeaoe ia iaioa 5 ?ac?a. 4. ?aoe?iiaeueia i?aai?caoe?y ?aaeeio i?aoe? oa a?aeii/eieo, c o?aooaaiiyi o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio. 5. Canoinoaaiiy cania?a caoenoo oe??e (?oeaae/ee c eaoaeno aai iie?aoeeaio aai caoenieo e?ai?a oeia “A?ieia?/i? ?oeaae/ee” oa ?i.) ? i?aaia neooo (aioeoiie oa ?i.). 6. Aeeiiaiiy i?aaee iniaenoi? a?a??ie. Iaiao?aeii ?aoaeueii ieoe ?oee i?ney ?iaioe, ia?aae i?eeiiii ?ae?, a oaeiae i?ney eiaeiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ?o aiieneaeieie eiiiiceoe?yie. Ia eiaeiiio i?aei?e?inoa? iiaeiia aooe iaeaaeiaia oa ooieoe?iioaaoe e?iiaoa iniaenoi? a?a??ie ae?iie, yea iiaeiia aooe aeinooiia aeey an?o ae?iie. 7. I?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aaei?o oa ia??iaee/ieo iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a ca?aeii iaeaco IIC Oe?a?ie ?45 a?ae 23 aa?aciy 1994 ?. “I?i caoaa?aeaeaiiy iieiaeaiiy i?i ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiiy iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a i?aoe?aiee?a iaaieo eaoaai??e”. 8. Canoinoaaiiy ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii?? ye ?aiiueiai ae?aaiinoe/iiai oanoo ii?ooaiue, ui aeieeee aiane?aeie ae?? aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aeaiiai iaoiaeo o ae?iie aa?ooue iacee c aa?oiueiaieiaiai neeai?iiy i?oae ia 7, 14, 21 ? 24 aeaiue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo i?e 28-30 aeaiiiio oeeee?. Aeine?aeaeaiith i?aeeyaa? eeoa iaoa??ae, ui a?eueii a?aeie?aieth?oueny a?ae no?iie i?oae. Ioe?iea ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo i?oaiaeo iace?a i?iaiaeeoueny i?e iie?o?iiiiio caaa?aeaii? ii Oi??o. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ano?iaaiiiai aieeao ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeaene aec??aaiiy, ea??ii?eiico oa aiceiio?e??. I?e aea/aii? aanoaaaiiiai aieeao iaiao?aeii caa?oaoe oaaao ia ?icoaooaaiiy ee?oei, aecia/aoe neeaae/ano?noue ? neoi/ai?noue ee?oei. Ii?iiaai? iieacieee aeuacacia/aieo ?iaeaen?a iaaaaeai? o a?aeiia?aeieo ea??aieoeoaao (I.A.A?naiueaaa, 1977; O.Ae.O?aayiei, ss.I.Nieueneee, 1985 oa ?i.). 9. An? aaa?oi? ?ia?oieoe?, ye? eiioaeoothoue c aiieneaeieie niieoeaie, iiaeii? ia?aaiaeeoenue ia eaaeo ?iaioo, ia iia’ycaio c aieeaii i?ioan?eieo oe?aeeeainoae. AENIIAEE 1. Iniaeeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa ? canoinoaaiiy AE noai?ththoue ia?aaeoiiae aieeao ia ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue eiiieaeno iani?eyoeeaeo /eiiee?a ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua, i?ia?aeiei na?aae yeeo ? o?i?/iee – ia?e AOA, aoeaoiio, aaiceio, aooeeaoeaoaoo. Ia aeayeeo aoaiao oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?ia?oieoe? caciathoue ae?th ooio, i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y ? ieeo neeiaieieia, eiioeaio?aoe?? ? ??ai? yeeo o ?yae? aeiaaee?a ia?aaeuothoue aeiionoei? a?a??i?/i? ?aaeaiaioe (AAeE, AAeO). 2. Aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ae?ieaie-?ia?oieoeyie iniiaieo i?ioan?e (aia?aoieoe?, oi?ioaaeueieoe?, eeaeiaa?e) aeiaaa? o?ce/iiai iai?oaeaiiy: iaoee?a ei?iono i?ae eooii a?eueo 300 aei 110 ?ac?a ca ?iai/o ci?io, ia?aaoaaiiy a iaoeeai?e iic? i?ae eooii aei 300 i?ioyaii 40-50% ?iai/iai /ano. E??i oeueiai, iana aaioaaeo, ui i?ae?eia?oueny ? ia?ai?uo?oueny ieie (20-25 ea), ia?aaeuo? a?aie/ii aeiionoeio a?aeiia?aeii aei “A?aie/ieo ii?i i?ae?eiaiiy i ia?ai?uaiiy aaaeeeo ?a/ae ae?ieaie” (caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii IIC Oe?a?ie a?ae 10 a?oaeiy 1993 ?. ? 241). 3. I?aoey ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue iniiaieo i?ioan?e (aia?aoieoeue, oi?ioaaeueieoeue, eeaeiaa??a, caeeaaeueieoeue eiiiaoiaeo) a?aeiia?aeii aei “Aeaeaie/aneie eeanneoeeaoeee o?oaea (ii iieacaoaeyi a?aaeiinoe e iianiinoe oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu, oyaeanoe e iai?yaeaiiinoe o?oaeiaiai i?ioeanna)” ? 4137-86 a?aeiineoueny aei ??? eeano (oe?aeeea? oa iaaacia/i?) 1-2 nooiaiy. 4. Aieea /eiiee?a ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua ? o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano i?ecaiaeeoue o ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue aei ca?eueoaiiy iioe?aiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??, o ia?oo /a?ao caoai?thaaiue oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo (63,4±4,7%), aaaaoi-noaeeiii? aeenoii?? (41,34±4,8%) ? oai?ia na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (24,03±4,1). 5. Eiia?iiaaiee aieea /eiiee?a ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua ? o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? i?e/eiith iaoieia?? noaoaai? noa?e o ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue ? i?iyaey?oueny o aeaeyae? ca?eueoaiiy iioe?aiino? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? a oe?eiio ? ie?aieo ?? aeae?a: caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue noaoaaeo i?aai?a (28,85±4,4%), iiouaiiy no?iie i?oae ? iaoee (12,5±3,2%), ii?ooaiue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo (10,58±3,0%), ?ioeo a?iaeieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue (16,35±3,6%). 6. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui AE /eiyoue iaaaoeaiee aieea ia i?aai?ci ae?iie iaa?oue i?e eiioaeo? c ieie i?ioyaii 50% /ano ?iai/i? ci?ie. I?i oea na?ae/eoue a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy o ieo a?aeiinii eiio?ieth iioe?aiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? oa aeno?aaai?oaeueii? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia?? ?acii ocyoeo ? oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy a?iaeieia?/ii? iaoieia??. 7. Eiiiiiaioe AE (AOA, aoeaoii, aaicei) /eiyoue oiene/io ae?th ia y?/ieee ae?iie, ui i?iyaey?oueny ii?ooaiiyi ai?iiineioacoth/i? ooieoe?? y?/iee?a, ia?aaaaeii cieaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoe?? ano?iaaiieo ai?iii?a, ui aecia/a?oueny iaoiaeii ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii??. I?i oea na?ae/eoue a??ia?aeia, a?aeiinii eiio?ieth, cieaeaiiy ia 14 aeaiue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo ?iaeaen?a ea??iieeiico ? aiceiio?e??. 8. Eaoeee eiiieaen aiieneaeii? niiee AAe-20 a eiioeaio?aoe?? 1,02±0,02 ia/i3 ii AOA (iei? ae?th/a AAeE) /eieoue oiene/io ae?th ia y?/ieee. O iaoai?ci? ooeiaeaeoth/i? ae?? i?ia?aeio ?ieue a?ae?a?a? aeoeaaoe?y IIE o y?/ieeao, aiane?aeie /iai aeieeathoue aeano?oeoeai? ci?ie ia?aaaaeii a ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oeiao, ui i?iyaeythoueny, o ia?oo /a?ao, ooeiaeaeaiiyi a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai, ii?ooaiiyi ooieoe?? aai iaa?oue caaeaaeeth ee?oei ? oie?eoe?a. 9. Aeyaeaiiy ii?ooaiue niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?e ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio, ui aeieeee i?ae aieeaii AE, iiaeia cae?enithaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith aeineoue i?inoiai, iaae?eiiai ? ?ioi?iaoeaiiai iaoiaeo ai?iiiaeueii? eieueiioeeoineii??. sse ianiaoeeo?/iee ae?aaiinoe/iee oano aeey aea/aiiy aieeao AE ia i?aai?ci i?aoethth/eo iiaea canoiniaoaaoenue aecia/aiiy a e?ia? aeoeaiino? ai?iio?ainoa?ac – AeAO ? AnAO. 10. ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/i-a?a??i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, oieneeieia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo, a oaeiae aeai? i?i noai caei?ia’y ? ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue iieacaee, ui ?nioth/a AAeE ia caaacia/o? aacia/ieo oiia i?aoe? ? iio?aao? ia?aaeyaeo. C o?aooaaiiyi io?eiaieo iaie aeaieo cai?noue /eiii? AAeE 1 ia/i3 ii AOA (NNAO AINO 12.1.005-88) ?aeiiaiaeiaaia AAeE aeey aiieneaeiiae?aiiaeo niie o iia?o?? ?iai/i? ciie 0,3 ia/i3 ii AOA. 11. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii, ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii o i?aeoeeo i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie caei?ia’y eiiieaen i?aai?caoe?eieo, nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/ieo ? iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoe? ae?iie, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii? AE. NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. ssai?ianueeee I.I., Iaonoianueeee TH.I. A?a??ia oa ioi?iia i?aoe? ae?iie i?e ?iaio? c aiieneaeieie niieaie //Ioi?iia i?aoe?.-1996.- ?2.- N.25-28. 2. ssai?ianeee A.I., Aa?eeye E.?., Iaonoianeee TH.A. I oeeoiaaiaoe/aneie aeoeaiinoe iaeioi?uo ia?ie yiieneaeiuo niie //E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei.- 1996.- ?7.- N.95-98. 3. ssai?ianeee A.I., Iaonoianeee TH.A. Ia yia?eioiene/aneii e oa?aoiaaiiii aeaenoaee iaeioi?uo ia?ie yiieneaeiuo niie //E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei.- 1997.- ?2.- N.120-123. 4. Iaonoianeee TH.A. Aeeyiea yiieneaeiuo niie ia aaia?aoeaioth ooieoeeth aeaiuei //Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu o?oaea a Oe?aeia: Nai?iee aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo, iinayuaiiie 70-eaoeth Einoeoooa iaaeeoeeiu o?oaea 11 aeaeaa?y, 1998, a. Eeaa, Oe?aeia.- 1988.- N. 29-33. 5. Iaonoianeee TH.A. Aiaeec oneiaee o?oaea aeaiuei, caiyouo a i?iecaiaenoaa, aaea i?eiaiythony eiiiiceoeeiiiua iaoa?eaeu ia iniiaa yiieneaeiuo niie //Io?aia o?oaea.- 1999.- ?2.- N.46-47. 6. Aaneeueaaa E.A., ssai?ianeee A.I., Iaonoianeee TH.A. Ninoiyiea niaoeeoe/aneeo ooieoeee o ?aaioieoe, iiaeaa?aathueony aicaeaenoaeth yiieneaeiuo niie e iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia ia eo iniiaa a i?ioeanna o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe (aeaiiua iaaeeoeeineiai iniio?a) //E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei.- 1999.- ?5.- N.142-146. Aiioaoe?y Iaonoianueeee TH.I. A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea aieeao aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th ae?iie a oiiaao ae?iaieoeoaa oa iaa?oiooaaiiy icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.02.01 – a?a??ia, iaaee/i? iaoee. Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith iniaeeainoae a?aaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ae?iie, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii? aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e ? ?ic?iaoe? i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia icaei?iaeaiiy oiia ?o i?aoe?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aieea ia ae?iie-?ia?oieoeue aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e i?iyaey?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi iioe?aiino? a?iaeieia?/ii? ? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??, a oaeiae ii?ooaiiyie ai?iiiaeueii? aeoeaiino? y?/iee?a. A iniia? ooeiaeaeoth/i? ae?? aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e eaaeeoue aeoeaaoe?y ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a ? iioeiaeaeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai ee?oei. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee, ?ic?iaeaiee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiee o i?aeoeeo i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie caei?ia’y eiiieaen i?aai?caoe?eieo, nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/ieo ? iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoe? ae?iie, caeiyoeo o ae?iaieoeoa? ? canoinoaaii? aiieneaeieo eiiiiceoe?e. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aiieneaei? eiiiiceoe??, ?ai?iaeoeoeaia ooieoe?y ae?iie, ai?iiiaeueia aeoeai?noue y?/iee?a, i?io?eaeoeea. Aiiioaoeey Iaonoianeee TH.A. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea aeeyiey yiieneaeiuo eiiiiceoeee ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaioth ooieoeeth aeaiuei a oneiaeyo i?iecaiaenoaa e iainiiaaiea icaei?iaeoaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.01 – aeaeaia, iaaeeoeeineea iaoee. Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. A.A.Aiaiiieueoea, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth iniaaiiinoae ii?aaeaiey ?ai?iaeoeoeaiie ooieoeee aeaiuei, caiyouo a i?iecaiaenoaa e i?eiaiaiee yiieneaeiuo eiiiiceoeee e ?ac?aaioea i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee, iai?aaeaiiuo ia icaei?iaeaiey oneiaee eo o?oaea. I?iaaaeaiiua iaie i?iecaiaenoaaiii-aeaeaie/aneea iaaethaeaiey iieacaee, /oi ia aeaiuei-?aaioieoe ieacuaatho aeeyiey oaeoi?u i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu e o?oaeiaiai i?ioeanna, aaaeouei ec eioi?uo yaeyaony oeie/aneee. Eiioeaio?aoeee a?aaeiuo oeie/aneeo aauanoa a aicaeooa ?aai/ae ciiu iaoiaeyony ia o?iaia IAeE eee i?aauoatho IAeE aei 3 ?ac, /oi caaeneo io iniaaiiinoae i?iecaiaenoaa e aeaea auiieiyaiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee. Iniiaiuie enoi/ieeaie iinooieaiey oeie/aneeo aauanoa a aicaeoo ?aai/ae ciiu neoaeeo iaaa?iaoe/iia iai?oaeiaaiea, iaee/ea aieueoeo ii ieiuaaee ioe?uouo iiaa?oiinoae enia?aiey oeie/aneeo aauanoa, a oaeaea iayooaeoeaiay ?aaioa i?eoi/ii-auoyaeiie aaioeeyoeee. O?oae aeaiuei-?aaioieoe iniiaiuo i?ioannee (aiia?ao/eoeu, oi?iiaueoeu, eeaaaa?u, caeeaueoeu eiiiaoiaea) a niioaaonoaee n “Aeaeaie/aneie eeanneoeeaoeee o?oaea (ii iieacaoaeyi a?aaeiinoe e iianiinoe oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu, oyaeanoe e iai?yaeaiiinoe o?oaeiaiai i?ioeanna)” ? 4137-86 ioianai iaie e ??? eeanno (a?aaeiua e iianiua) 1-2 noaiaie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aicaeaenoaea ia aeaiuei-?aaioieoe yiieneaeiuo eiiiiceoeee i?iyaeyaony iiauoaieai ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe aeiaeieiae/aneie e yeno?aaaieoaeueiie iaoieiaee, a oaeaea ia?ooaieai ai?iiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe ye/ieeia. N?aaee yeno?aaaieoaeueiuo caaieaaaiee aaaeouaa ianoi caieiaea iaoieiaey aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iiai o?aeoa, na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu, i?aaiia aeuoaiey, aaaaoi-ninoaeenoay aeenoiiey. Aeiaeieiae/aneay iaoieiaey i?aaenoaaeaia, a iniiaiii, ainiaeeoaeueiuie caaieaaaieyie iieiauo i?aaiia, iiouaieyie noaiie aeaaaeeua e iaoee e ia?ooaieyie iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeea. I?iaaaeaiiua iaie enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi yiieneaeiua eiiiiceoeee aeaaea i?e eiioaeoa n ieie ia i?ioyaeaiee 50% ?aai/aai a?aiaie ieacuaatho iaaeaaii?eyoiia aeaenoaea ia i?aaieci ?aaioieoe. Yoi iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony aeinoiaa?iui oaaee/aieai o ieo ii ioiioaieth e eiio?ieth ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe yeno?aaaieoaeueiie e yeno?aaaieoaeueiie e aeiaeieiae/aneie iaoieiaee, aianoa acyoie e oaiaeaioeeae e oaaee/aieth ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe aeiaeieiae/aneie iaoieiaee. O ?aaioieoe, eiioaeoe?othueo n yiieneaeiuie eiiiiceoeeyie, aeeaaiinoe?iaaiu ia?ooaiey iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeea, i?aeiouanoaaiii aoeeeee/aneea iaino?oaeueiua oeeeeu e aeenooieoeeiiaeueiua iaoi/iua e?iaioa/aiey. I?iaaaeaiiua ai?iiiaeueiua eieueiioeeoineiie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi aeeyiea yiieneaeiuo eiiiiceoeee ia i?aaieci aeaiuei i?eaiaeeei e ia?ooaieth i?iaeoeoeee iieiauo ai?iiiia, i?aeiouanoaaiii yno?iaaiia. Yoi i?iyaeyeinue a aeaea nieaeaiey ai aeaaaeeuiuo iaceao ia 14 aeaiue iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeea eiaeaenia ea?eiieeiica e yiceiioeeee. Yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaii, /oi yiieneaeiay niiea YAe-20 ieacuaatho iauaoiene/aneia aeaenoaea ia i?aaieci eaai?aoi?iuo aeeaioiuo, a oii /enea ia ye/ieee. Aeaenoaea ia ye/ieee i?iyaeyeinue a yenia?eiaioa a aeaea aeaaee i?eii?aeeaeueiuo oieeeeoeia, a oaeaea oeueo?ano?oeoo?iuo iia?aaeaeaiee aeieiae/aneeo iaia?ai eeaoie, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue oieeeeoey?iuo. Eaoo/ea eiiiiiaiou yiieneaeiie niieu YAe-20 oaaee/eaaee aeoeaiinoue ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia a ia/aie e ye/ieeao, iiauoaee niaea?aeaiea aeaiei- e ania?oaoaieiio?ainoa?ac a e?iae eaai?aoi?iuo aeeaioiuo. Iaeiia?aiaiii n yoei, a ye/ieeao, ia/aie e ii/eao iaaethaeaeenue no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey (aeeno?ioe/aneea eciaiaiey a ia/aie e ecaeouo eaiaeueoeao iao?iia, ?ac?ooaiey iaia?ai eeaoie a ye/ieea e ae?.). Oaeei ia?acii, a iniiaa iia?aaeaeathuaai aeaenoaey yiieneaeiuo eiiiiceoeee eaaeeo aeoeaaoeey ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia e ii?aaeaiea aeieiae/aneeo iaia?ai eeaoie. Iao/ii iainiiaai, ?ac?aaioai e aiaae?ai a i?aeoeeo i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey eiiieaen i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo, naieoa?ii-oaoie/aneeo e iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee, iai?aaeaiiuo ia icaei?iaeaiey oneiaee o?oaea aeaiuei, caiyouo a i?iecaiaenoaa e i?eiaiaiee yiieneaeiuo eiiiiceoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: yiieneaeiua eiiiiceoeee, ?ai?iaeoeoeaiay ooieoeey aeaiuei, ai?iiiaeueiay aeoeaiinoue ye/ieeia, i?ioeeaeoeea. Abstract Paustovsky Yu. A. Hygienic estimation of epoxy compositions influence on reproductive function of the women in conditions of manufacturing and substantiation of preventive measures.- Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate's degree by speciality 14.02.01 – hygiene, medical sciences. National medical university named after A.A.Bogomolets, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to features of development of reproductive function disorder of the women engaged in manufacturing and application of epoxy compositions and development of preventive measures, directed on improvement of their working conditions. It has been proved that the epoxy composition influence on the working women is shown as the increase in morbidity of gynecopathy and extragenital pathology and also ovary hormonogenesis disorder. The basis of damaging action of epoxy compositions is the activation of hydrogen peroxide oxidation of lipids and disorder of biological membranes of cells. The complex of organizational, sanitary – technical and medical-biological measures directed on improvements of working conditions of the women engaged in manufacturing and application of epoxy compositions is scientifically proved, developed and introduced into practice of practical public health services. Key words: epoxy composition, reproductive function of the women, hormonogenesis of ovary, preventive measures.

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