3

HAoe?OHAeueHA AeAaeai?y HAoe oe?A?He

?Hnoeooo aaOeOa?? ? aaOo?i?? aO?th/eo eOiAeeH

Koaaeue Aiaooe?e Ieeoeaeoae/

OAeE 550.8:553.98 (477.8)

AAOEOA?*HA AOAeOAA ? IA?NIAEOEAE HAOOOAACOHONHONO? IO?OONO?OEOO?

I?AH?*HO-CAO?AeHOAO IA?AAeEA?IAOOss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 04.00.17 — aaoeoa?y iaooe ? aaco

Aaoo?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeoaoooy iaoeoaoao nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoeoa?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a

1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo?
i?e?iaeieo aac?a (i. Oa?e?a) — o?e?? AeE “Oe?aacaeaeiaoaaiiy” IAE
“Iaooiaac Oe?a?ie”.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe

Aieei Aai?a?e THoeiiae/, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo
aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe

Eecoi Noaiai Ieaen?eiae/, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo aaieia?? ? aaio?i??
ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a;

eaiaeeaeao aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe

Aioeiyi Aaneeue Noaiaiiae/, aee?aeoi? Aea?aeaaiiai iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai
Oeaio?o aa?ieini?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy Caie? oa
iii?oi?eiao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua “I?e?iaea”, i. Ee?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aaieia?/ieo iaoe IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
aaioaeoii?ee, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “21“ o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.152.01 a ?inoeooo?
aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: Oe?a?ia,
290053, i. Euea?a, aoe. Iaoeiaa, 3a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aaieia?? ?
aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie (Oe?a?ia, 290053, i. Euea?a, aoe.
Iaoeiaa, 3a).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “20“ ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, eaiae. aaie.-i?ia?. iaoe

I.A.OiaeaanueeaCaaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? a oiio, ui aiia iia`ycaia c i?iaeaiith
ae?iaieoeoaa aia?aiiin??a, yea ? iniaeeai aino?ith nueiaiaei? a Oe?a?i?.

Ii/eiath/e c 1994 ?. /a?ac oa, ui aeaeiaooie aoaeaaiaei?a ia?aaeuo?
i?e??no caian?a, aeieeea iio?aaa a?aee?eooy iiaeo ?iaeiaeu iaooe oa aaco
oa oaeaeeiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oiiaeo i?aeaioiaeaieo aei iiooeiaiai ao??iiy
no?oeoo?. I?ioa a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece cia/ii ciaioeany ianya
o?iainoaaiiy aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c
oeei iinoaea i?iaeaia aeyaeaiiy iiaeo ia?niaeoeaieo ieiu ?
?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ia ieo naenii?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o.

Aoaeoeaiei caniaii ae??oaiiy oaeiai caaaeaiiy, oeyoii aeyaeaiiy iiaeo
ii?oino?oeoo?, a inoaii? 20 ?ie?a noaee aeenoaioeiei? aa?ieini?/i?
aeineiaeaeaiiy (AeAAe) (A.N.Aioeiyi oa ?i., 1987; I.I.Aenueiiia oa ?i.,
1988; Ae.I.O?io?iia, E.I.Iieeaiiaa, 1988; A.?.A??ae?i oa ?i., 1994;
A.?.Eyeueei oa ?i., 1995).

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ii/aoeiai ?ano?ne aaco a Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiio
i?iaei? (IEI) inai?i? a?eueo ye ia 60 aiaenioeia (I.ss.Aoeue,
I.I.?aaithoa, Ae.E.Eoeue/eoeueeee oa ?i., 1993), Ciai?oiy ciia IEI
caeeoa?oueny iaeia?niaeoeai?oith uiaei aaciiiniino?, aea aeyaey?oueny ?
aioo?oueny aei iiooeiaeo ?ia?o iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a oa
aeinyaa?oueny iniiaiee i?e??no caian?a aaco.

?acii c oei IEI aeinyaioa o??? noaae?? aea/aiino?, eiee iiaeaeueoa
ia?iuoaaiiy ?ano?n?a aoaeaaiaei?a cae?enith?oueny ca ?aooiie iaaaeeeeo
iieeaae?a, i?eo?i/aieo aei iaeiaiie?ooaeieo i?aeiyoue ?
iaaioeee?iaeueieo ianoie. Oea ciooo? aaieiaia caa?oaoe oaaao ia noi?aei?
neaai aea/ai? oa?eoi???, ye? aaaaeaeeny ?aiioa iaei ia?niaeoeaieie, i
i?iaaaeeoe ia ieo iiooeiai- ?icaiaeoaaeueii ?iaioe. Iaeiei c oaeeo
?aeii?a ? oa?eoi??y Oe?a?inueeiai ?icoi//y — ?aaa-?onueea ciia (??C)
Caoiaeii-?a?iiaenueei? ieaooi?ie, yea ?icoaoiaaia iiae Eueaianueeei
iaeaicienueeei oa Ia?aaeea?iaonueeei i?iaeiaie.

Aeaia ?iaioa ni?ey? ?ica`ycaiith i?iaeaie aeyaeaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ia aac
ieiu oa iia?aoeaiiai ia?iuoaaiiy oiiaeo i?iaiicieo no?oeoo? o iaaeao
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie IEI oa a ??C, noino?oueny ieoaiue
oi?iae?ciaaiiai ia?iaeaiiy aa?ieini?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? (AE?) ? aeaieo
oiiia?ao?/ieo ea?o (OE).

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
i?aeaioiaeaia aaoi?ii i?ae /an cai/iiai iaa/aiiy a ani??aioo?? i?e
?inoeooo? aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie. Iniiaith
aeey ia? noaee ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, iaae yeeie
i?aoethaaa aaoi? o a?aeae?e? aeenoaioe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue Oe?iae?aaco,
cie?aia ca aeiaiai?aie: 44.392/92-94 ia oaio “Canoinoaaiiy
iao?aaeeoe?eieo (aeenoaioe?eieo oa iacaiieo) iaoiae?a a iaaeao aaciaeo
?iaeiaeu Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio c iaoith ?o aei?ica?aeee” (Ae?
?0194U028426), 44.617/93-96 ia oaio “Aaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaeeeo
oa?iiaaciaaio?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaeoe aeaoeo?oaaeuei? iciaee
c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy iaeiaiie?ooaeieo no?oeoo?-ianoie aoaeaaiaei?a oa
cii oaeoii?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??? ae?yeueiino? AI “Oe?aaci?ii”
(Ae? ?0194U000876), 44.201/94-97 ia oaio “Aea/aiiy ia?niaeoea aeyaeaiiy
no?oeoo?-ianoie aoaeaaiaei?a aeenoaioe?eieie iaoiaeaie a iaaeao
?aaa-?onueei? ciie” (Ae? ?0134U025573) oa ?i.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy caiaeeeeny aei iaiao?aeiino? iaoeiaiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe?? e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy ia?niaeoea
iaooiaaciiiniino? ?aaa-?onueei? ciie oa iai?yie?a iiaeaeueoeo
iiooeiai-?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o a ?? iaaeao, a oaeiae aeyaeaiiy iiaeo
no?oeoo?-ianoie aoaeaaiaei?a ia a?aeiinii iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieo
ae?eyieao o iaaeao i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie Ciai?oiuei? ciie IEI oa
??C ia i?aenoaa? aeenoaioe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue oeyoii:

1) aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae i?iyao a??ia?aeieo aaieia?/ieo no?oeoo? ??ciiai
?aiao ia iaoa??aeao aeenoaioe?eieo ceiiie (IAeC) ? OE;

2) aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aai?iaeeeaoe?eiiai oa eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiai
aeaoeo?oaaiiy aaciiinieo ia`?eo?a ca aeaieie oiiiea?o ? aaaaoiciiaeueieo
eini?/ieo ci?ie?a (EC);

3) i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaeniiai aiae?co aaieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo, ?acoeueoao?a
aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaieo ao??iiy oa no?oeoo?iiai
aeaoeo?oaaiiy IAeC o ?aa?iiaeueiiio ? aeaoaeueiiio ieaiao.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny:

1. Aaciiini? no?oeoo?e Ciai?oiuei? ciie Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio
iathoue a?aeaeooy o no/aniiio eaiaeoaoo? oa anoaiiaeththoueny oeyoii
ii?oia?ao?/iiai, ii?oiiao?e/iiai ? eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy
oiiia?ao?/ieo ea?o ? ci?ie?a Caie? c einiino, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith eiii`thoa?iiai ia?iaeaiiy aeaieo ii?oiiao??? no/aniiai
?aeue?oo ? oioiiao??? aaaaoiciiaeueieo cia?aaeaiue i?noeaaino? ?c
canoinoaaiiyi cania?a ?iia??i?nii-noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co aeaieo.

2. ?aaa-?onueea ciia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny no?oeoo?iith iaiaeii??aei?noth,
aeeoa?aioe?aoe??th ia aeiee, iayai?noth a ieo i?iaiicieo ianoie
aoaeaaiaei?a oaeoii?/ii-ae?aiiaaiiai oeio, iaoiiaeaieo o oiauao iacicith
? iaeaicith nenoaiith oaeoii?/ieo aeeneieaoe?e, na?aae yeeo aieiaieie ?
i?ciueiiaeaicienuee? ? i?ciueie?iia??enuee? ianoae i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai
iai?yieo, ianaiia?aae Oeeianueeee oa ?aaa-?onueeee, a oaeiae neeaee,
eiioi?ii? Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiio ? Iaciaaoeueei-Euea?anueeiio i?iaeiai, ui
aecia/a?oueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie ii?oino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co ia iniia?
aeaoeo?oaaiiy iaoa??ae?a aeenoaioe?eieo ceiiie ? oiiiea?o, ia?aaeyaeo
aaieiai-aaio?ce/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa no?oeoo?ieo iiaoaeia.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iieyaa? a oiio, ui: aia?oa i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeuei?
eiiieaeni? aeenoaioe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaciiinieo no?oeoo? Ciai?oiuei?
ciie IEI ?c canoinoaaiiyi aaoiiaoeciaaieo iaoiae?a aeaoeo?oaaiiy oa
eiia??i?nii-noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a aiae?co aeaieo aeenoaioe?eieo ceiiie ?
oiiiea?o; ?ic?iaeaii niin?a ioe?ithaaiiy ia?niaeoeaiino? ia aoaeaaiaei?
eieaeueieo ii?oino?oeoo? oeyoii aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy
aaaaoiciiaeueieo eini?/ieo ci?ie?a; ia oa?eoi???, yea a?aeiia?aea? ??C
oa i?ai?/ii-cao?aei?e /anoei? Ciai?oiuei? ciie IEI, aeyaeaii
einiioaeoii?/i? ? eaiaeoaooi? aiiiae??, eio?? ca aiaeia??th c aaciaeie
?iaeiaeuaie IEI ?ioa?i?aoothoueny ye ia?niaeoeai? iaooiaaciiini?
ae?eyiee; nenoaiaoeciaai? e?eoa??? ioe?ithaaiiy ia?niaeoea
iaooiaaciiiniino? oa?eoi??? ??C; iiiaeaii aai aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii noaie
oaeoii?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy, no?oeoo?i? ea?oe, aaieia?/i? ?ic??ce ?aeiio
??C; i?aee?aneth?oueny aaaeeeaa ?ieue iia`ycaieo i?inoi?iai ??ciia?eiaeo
aeeneieaoe?e, noai?aieo ye aa?oeeaeueieie, oae ? ai?eciioaeueieie
?ooaie; ?ic?iaeaii iiaeae? i?iaiicieo ianoie aoaeaaiaei?a, ae?aiiaaieo
oaeoii?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie neeaeiaiai ? ianoaiiai oei?a o oiauao iacicith
? iaeaicith ??C, a ?? iaaeao o oiau? iacicith aeyaeaii ianoae
i?aaeaiii-cao?aeii? aa?aaioiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A?eueo?noue iieiaeaiue
aeena?oaoe??, ui aoee ?ic?iaeai? o ia?aa?ao iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ni?yiiaaieo ia iiooe iiaeo ?iaeiaeu aaco o cao?aeieo iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie,
eyaee a iniiao ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey iinoaiiaee naenii?ica?aeoaaeueieo
?ia?o ? iiooeiaiai ao??iiy ia oa?eoi??yo ae?yeueiino? AeE
“Oe?aacaeaeiaoaaiiy”, ye? cia/iith i??ith ?aae?ciaaii o IEI i?ae /an
iiooeiai-?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o ia aac ia ieiuao: Iaeiai?iaeaiea —
A?eue/a-Aieeoey (aeyaeaii ?oaai?anueea aaciaa ?iaeiaeua, Naee?anueeo ?
Iaiee?anueeo no?oeoo?e), I?aaeaiii-Aeaoaanueea (aeyaeaii Ethaao?anueea
aaciaa ?iaeiaeua), I?ai?/ii-Aiai?iae/ainueea (aeyaeaii
I?ai?/ii-Aiai?iae/ainueeo no?oeoo?o e io?eiaii i?iieneia? i?eieeae
aaco), I?aeeoaeinueea (naenii?ica?aeoaaiiyi i?aeaioiaeaii aei aeeaieiai
ao??iiy iaeei iaei?ici??iee ia`?eo), I?ai?/ii-Ai?iaeioeueea ?
Oaena??anueea (iiooeiai-?ica?aeoaaeuei? ?iaioe o?eaathoue).

Iai?aoeueaai? aaoi?ii iaoiaee/i? i?eeiie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ia?iaeaiiy ?
aeaoeo?oaaiiy AE? oa aeaieo OE c iaoith aeyaeaiiy iiaeo no?oeoo?-ianoie
aoaeaaiaei?a, aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ae /an IAe?, ye? i?iaaaeyoueny
a?aeae?eii aeenoaioe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue Oe?iae?aaco a
Cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiio oa No?aeiioe?a?inueeiio iaooiaaciiinieo ?aa?iiao.
Iaea?aeai? c ?o aeiiiiiaith ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaii aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy
iai?yie?a naenii?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o Cao?aeii-Oe?a?inueei? aaio?ce/ii?
?ica?aeoaaeueii? aeniaaeeoe?? o 1999-2000 ?ieao a i?ai?/i?e /anoei?
Euea?anueeiai iaeaiicienueeiai i?iaeio (EII).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caaaeii o aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii aoea
?icaeiooa ? ?aae?ciaaia ?aeay caa?aeoaa/a a?aeae?eo aeenoaioe?eieo
aeine?aeaeaiue Oe?iae?aaco, eaiae. aaie.-i?ia?. iaoe A.A.Aaaa?aa i?i
canoinoaaiiy eiiieaenieo AeAAe oa aaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiae?a
iiooeo iaooiaaciiinieo ii?oino?oeoo? o Ea?iaonuee?e iaooiaaciiini?e
i?ia?ioe??. Aaoi? aoa a?aeiia?aeaeueiei aeeiiaaoeai ? iaoeiaei
ea??aieeii o?ueio IAe?, c yeeie iia`ycaia aeena?oaoe?y. Iniaenoi eiio
iaeaaeaoue ?aea? aaeineiiaeaiiy niinia?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy iaooiaaciiinieo ia`?eo?a ii
aaaaoiciiaeueieo einiici?ieao, ye? a /anoei? ia?iaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue,
iai?aoethaaiiy iine?aeiaiino? i?eeii?a ?o ia?aoai?aiiy ? ciyooy
/enaeueieo ia?aiao??a cia?aaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith eiii`thoa?ieo i?ia?ai
cae?eniai? ni?eueii c N.A.No?eiaei, a o /anoei? noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
ia?aiao??a oioioiio aaciiinieo no?oeoo? ii eini?/ieo ci?ieao aoee
?aae?ciaai? iei ni?eueii c I.I.Aa?an ? N.E.Eoi???aith.

No?oeoo?ii-aaiii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoi??? i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai
Ia?aaeea?iaooy i?iaaaeai? ca caaaeueiiaeciaiith iaoiaeeeith. ?ic?iaeaiiy
noai no?oeoo?iiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy ca ii?oiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii aeeiiaii
aaoi?ii ni?eueii c ?.I.Oaaeioiaith, N.E.Eoi???aith ? N.A.No?eiaei, a ca
ii?oia?ao?/iei — c A.I.O?eueiaith ? N.A.No?eiaei. Ca o/ano?
?.I.Oaaeioiai?, I.A.Aieee ? N.A.No?eiaa aaoi?ii ia iniia? e?iaaiaioiiai
aiae?co cae?eniaii ?ic?iaeaiiy noaie iaioaeoii?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy ?aeiio
??C. I?e oeueiio noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo aeeiiaia N.E.Eo?i??aith.

Iniaenoi aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii a?coaeueia aeaoeo?oaaiiy ae??aiiianooaaieo
IAeC, ia iniia? /iai ?ic?iaeai? noaie aeaoeo?oaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo
no?oeoo? oa oaeoii?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi??? Ia?aaeea?iaooy e
i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiai Aieeii-Iiae?eey. Aaoi?ia? oaeiae iaeaaeeoue
a?eueo?noue ?aeae aaieia?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeaoeo?oaaiiy
IAeC ? oiiiea?o ca an?ia aeuacaaaeaieie iaoiaeaie ii oa?eoi???
aeine?aeaeaiue. Ii?oino?oeoo?iee aiae?c ii ie?aieo ae?eyieao IEI oa
iiaoaeiae no?oeoo?ii-oaeoii?/ieo ea?o ? iiaeaeae eieaeueieo no?oeoo?
aeeiiai? iei ca o/ano? ?.A.Ai?iaeiaa, A.I.Iaeei/aea, I.I.Aaaaeainueei?,
a a iaaeao ??C — ca o/ano? I.A.Oea/oea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii ia 4-e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaooa ? aac
Oe?a?ie — 96” (i. Oa?e?a, 1996 ??e), ia Ae?oa?e Oe?a?inuee?e ia?aae?
ei?enooaa/?a aa?ieini?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? (i. *a?i?a?a, 1997 ??e), ia
naeoe?? c iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a a aaieia?? ia VI I?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a o a??ie/?e ni?aa?,
aaieia?? oa iaoaeo?a?? (*ao?y, i. I?aaa, 1997 ??e), ia 5-e
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaooa-Aac Oe?a?ie — 98” (i. Iieoaaa, 1998
??e), ia naeoe?? aaieia?? A/aii? ?aaee Oe?iae?aaco, ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
ia?aaeao a AO “Oe?aaci?ii” oa a OIA “Euea?ao?ainaac” i?e caoeno? ca?o?a
i?i IAe?, c yeeie aoei iia`ycaii iaienaiiy aeena?oaoe?? i?ioyaii
1992-1998 ?ie?a.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 15 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, na?aae ieo 7
noaoae, c yeeo 5 o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, aea ca?aeii iinoaiiae i?aceae??
AAE Oe?a?ie iiaeooue ioae?eoaaoeny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eieo
?ia?o.

Ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 3 ?icae?e?a iniiaii?
/anoeie, aeniiae?a, aeeeaaeaia ia 154 noi??ieao oaenoo, ai?uo? 10
oaaeeoeue, 15 ?enoie?a, 15 a?ao?/ieo aeiaeaoe?a. Ia?ae?e aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 166 iaca.

Aaoi? aaeueie aaey/iee iaoeiaiio ea??aieeo, aeieoi?o aaie.-i?ia?. iaoe,
aieiaiiio iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo ?inoeoooo aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo
eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie A.TH.Aieeo, ? eaiaeeaeaoo aaie.-i?ia?. iaoe,
caa?aeoaa/o a?aeae?eo aeenoaioe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue Oe?iae?aaco
A.A.Aaaa?ao ca aeiiiiiao o aeai?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ca ?oith
oai?/o i?aeo?eieo ? oaoia? ii?aaee i?e aiae?c? /enaeueiiai iaoa??aeo,
ia/aeueieeo oi?aae?iiy aaieia?? ? ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu AeE
“Oe?aacaeaeiaoaaiiy”, eaiaeeaeaoo oaoi. iaoe A.?.Ieaentheo ? aieiaiiio
aaieiao AIO “Euea?aaacaeaeiaoaaiiy”, eaiaeeaeaoo oao. iaoe
A.I.Aieoe?oeueeiio ca aeiiiiiao o aeai?? iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
oai?/a ni?eyiiy o ?o aeeiiaii?, a oaeiae ?ioei ni?a?ia?oieeai AeE
“Oe?aacaeaeiaoaaiiy”, AIO “Euea?aaacaeaeiaoaaiiy”, Oe?AeA?? (cie?aia
?.A.Aeoiyeiao, ?.O.O?ooeaae/o), COA?A (iniaeeai I.Ae.Aoaea?eaae/o,
I.I.Aiaeeaeo, I.I.Aaaaeainuee?e), AeAI “Cao?aeoe?aaieia?y”
(TH.C.E?oinueeiio, A.I.Iaeei/aeo, A.I.Eioeeo), ?A?AAE (cie?aia
I.?.Iaaetheo, A.A.Eieiae?th, TH.I.Naiueeianueeiio, ?.A.Aeoaeeo),
Oe?iae?aaco (iniaeeai ?.I.Oeeo, A.A.Eecaioeth, I.I.?noii?io,
N.A.No?eiao, ?.I.Oaaeioia?e, A.N.Eaeaaa?ae?, I.I.Aa?an, N.E.Eoi???a?e,
I.A.Oea/oeo), ?ioeo aaieia?/ieo i?aei?e?inoa ? i?ae?icae?e?a ca oai?/?
ii?aaee, caoaaaeaiiy ? ni?eyiiy o aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

Aaieia?/ia aoaeiaa i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai Ia?aaeea?iaooy

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aeaii aiae?c ?noi??? oaeoii?/iiai
?icaeoeo ?aa?iio, iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii iniiaiei aoaiai oi?ioaaiiy
??C, iaaaaeaii iaeyae e?oino?aoea?ao?? ? iaooiaaciiiniino? ?aa?iio,
noaio aaieia?/ii? aea/aiino? ?aeiio ??C oa ?icaeyiooi oeyoe ?ica`ycaiiy
i?iaeaie iiooeo iiaeo ?iaeiaeu aaco.

O ?iaio? cia/io oaaao iaaeaii ?acoeueoaoai iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oaeeo
aeine?aeiee?a, ye: A.I.Oo?ia?i, A.A.Oeaeiyeia, A.A.Aeooei,
A.O.Ae?eaiooaei, A.Oaenae?, A.N.Ca?ea-Iiaaoeueeee, I.I.Naiaiaiei,
TH.I.Naiueeianueeee, ss.I.Naiaeea?, A.I.Aeieaiei, ?.A.Aeoiyeia,
A.A.Aa?aoeueeee, I.O.Oiae, I.N.Ayeia, A.N.Ao?ia, N.?.Ianoa?iae,
N.?.Noaaio?i, A.A.*aeoiia, I.?.Iaaethe, A.I.??coi, ?.?.*eae,
?.?.*aaaiaiei, O.A.Ciaiainueea, N.N.E?oaeia, A.TH.Aieei, A.I.Iaaea?ae?a,
I.A.Io?aoia, ?.Ae.Aioooaei A.A.Inaae/ee, A.A.Eieiae?e, I.N.Nooiea,
I.I.Aiae??e/oe oa ?i., eio?? aaaaoi c?iaeee aeey aea/aiiy aaieia?/ii?
aoaeiae Ea?iao ? Aieeii-Iiae?eey oa ?ic?iaeaiiy no?aoea?ao?/ieo ?
oaeoii?/ieo noai ?aa?iio.

E?oa?aoo?i? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui aeania ??C noaea ia’?eoii aeano?oeoe?e
? ia?aaoaeia i?ae /an on?o aoai?a oaeoiaaiaco a?ae aaeeae?ae aei
aeuei?ae. A iaaeao oa?eoi???, ui ?? ioiieth?, aeae?eythoueny /ioe?e
no?oeoo?i? iiaa?oe — aaeeaeuenueeee, iaeaicienueeee, iacicienueeee,
aeuei?enueeee (?.A.Aeoiyeia, 1978). I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy eiaeiiai
no?oeoo?iiai iiaa?oo (iaaaoeeee) iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia aeaa aoaie
(oeeeee), eio?? o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? a?aecia/eeeny oaeoii?/iith
aeoeai?noth ? i?iyaaie neeaae/anoino? (?.?.*aaaiaiei, ?.A.Aeoiyeia,
A.?.Aeania oa ?i., 1990).

Aeiiacicienueeee ooiaeaiaio ??C neeaaeathoue ieaeiueiiaeaicienuee?
ii?iaee, ye? ca e?oieia??th, oiiaaie oi?ioaaiiy oa oaeoii?/ii? ia?a?iaee
iiae?ai? ? aei oeo, ui ? i?aea?oioyi iacieaeiicith a iaaeao Ciai?oiuei?
ciie IEI, ? aei oeo, ye? caeyaathoue o i?aea?oio? na?aaeiueiai iaeaicith
Ianoa??anueei? i?aeciie EII. ??cieoey ??C ? Ianoa??anueei? i?aeciie
aaa/a?oueny o o?i, ui a iaaeao ia?oi? i?aeianai? ia noaae??
aa?oeeinueeiai i?iaaiaco ieaeiueiiaeaicienuee? ooai?aiiy aoee /anoeiai
?icieo? o aeith?nueeee /an ? oaia? ia?ae?eo? ii?iaeaie iacieaeiicith, a
a Ianoa??anuee?e i?aecii? aiie ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae oiauath ii??ae
na?aaeiueiai iaeaicith. Ia aeeeth/aii, ui na?aaeiueiiaeaicienuee?
a?aeeeaaee aoee iioe?ai? oaeiae ia cao?ae a?ae no/anii? a?aieoe? ?o
?iciianthaeaeaiiy (A.I.Iaaea?ae?a, 1971; ?.?.*aaaiaiei, ?.A.Aeoiyeia,
A.?.Aeania oa ?i., 1990), oiaoi ?nioaaee a iaaeao ??C, aea aoee ?icieo?
i?ney aa?oeeinueeiai i?iaaiaco.

Aaoi?, a?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? oaeoii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Aieeii-
Iiae?euenueei? ie?a?ie N?I i?ioyaii iaeaicith, ia noeeueiee aeeeth/aoe
oa?eoi??th ??C c ie?a?iii-ieaooi?iiai? neiaee?ce aei ii/aoeo
aa?oeeinueeiai i?iaaiaco, nie?ath/enue ia ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
I.A.Io?aoiaa (1969), yeee, aiae?coth/e aoaie ?icaeoeo
Na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai iiyno, aeacoaaa ia iaaei?icaeiaiee oa?aeoa?
eaeaaeii?ae oa ia oa, ui caeeaaeaiiy aa?oeei?ae ooo /ano?oa ca ana
?icii/eiaeiny a i?aeia?eo aai neeo??. I?e oeueiio aa?oeeinuee?
aaineiee?iaeuei? i?iaeie aeieeaee aai aaciina?aaeiuei ia aaeeaeuenuee?e
neeaae/ano?e iniia?, aai aoyaoaaee ii?iaee /ioea aaeeae?ae o i?iaeiaiiy
oa neeaae/ano?noue. Oaeiai iiaeyaeo aeio?eio?oueny oaeiae ?.A.Aeoiyeia
(1978), ?iaey/e aeniiaie i?i ?nioaaiiy iaeaicienueeiai iaaaoeeeeo, a
yeiio ia`?aeiothoueny eeane/i? eaeaaeiinueeee oa aa?oeeinueeee oeeeee.

O ca`yceo c oeei i?i ??C aaoi? noeeueiee aiai?eoe ye i?i no?oeoo?o, ui
?icaeaaeany i?ioyaii eaeaaeiinueeiai ? aa?oeeinueeiai aoai?a oaeoiaaiaco
a oiiaao ia?aaaaeath/iai ?icoyao ? noi?ioaaeanue ye iaeanoue
aenieii?aeianaieo oa ?ioaineaii aeeneieiaaieo ?aii?o iaeaici?ae ?acii c
ooai?aiiyi neeaae/anoeo aeeneieaoe?e Ianoa??anueei? i?aeciie. Noaeiny
oea eeoa ia caaa?oaiiy aa?oeeinueeiai aoaio ?icaeoeo iaeii/anii c
oaeoii?/iei caieeaiiyi ia i?aaeaiiiio caoiae? EII. Ianoaaiiy
?aiiueiiaeaicienueeeo a?aeeeaae?a ??C ia na?aaeiueiiaeaicienuee?
ooai?aiiy EII a?aeaoeiny i?ney iaeiie/aiiy a?aeeeaae?a ea?aiio. Ia
a?aei?io a?ae eaeaaeiinueeeo, i?iaai?/i? ?ooe aa?oeeinueeiai aoaio
oaeoiaaiaco i?eaaee aei aeiaaio?eaaei? ci?ie oaeoii?/iiai ?aaeeio.

Ianoa, yeei iaiaaeo?oueny ia noiae? ??C, ia? iiae?aio e?iaiaoeeo c
ianoaaie Ianoa??anueei? i?aeciie. Ii?aeiaiiy ?o o ?aeeio nenoaio
ianoaieo aeeneieaoe?e aa?oeeinueeiai a?eo aea? iiaeeea?noue niinoa??aaoe
oe?ieo ciio eiino?oeoeaieo aeeneieaoe?e o i?inoi?iaiio (a oaeiae,
?iia??ii, o aaiaoe/iiio) ca`yceo c aeano?oeoeaiei ?aaa-?onueeei
aeeaeiiei ?iceiiii, eio?ee ia? uiiaeiaioa ?aiiueiiaeaicienueeee a?e
ooai?aiiy ? acaeiaae yeiai iiiiaethaaee nai? ?ooe aeiee i?ae /an
aa?oeeinueeiai oa e?iia??enueeiai aoai?a oaeoiaaiaco.

Aaoi? ne?aeii ca ?.A.Aeoiyeiaei, ui aeacoaaa ia i?eioeeiiao ni?euei?noue
No?eenueeiai e?iia??enueeiai ? Euea?anueeiai iaeaicienueeiai i?iaei?a,
ye caaa?oaiiy noaae?e ?icaeoeo a?aeiia?aeieo i?iaaineiee?iaeae, aaa/a?
i?e?iaeio ni?euei?noue ? oniaaeeiaaiee ?icaeoie ?ioeo aaino?oeoo? o
oeueiio ?aa?ii?. Oea ae?aaeaii o oaeeo iiaoi?thaaieo ?enao, ye
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeia i?inoyaaiiy ??ciia?eiaeo ?eooiaai?a (aaeeaeuenueeiai
Aaeeoeueeiai, iaeaicienueeiai Aiyiaoeueeiai, iacicienueeiai
No?eenueeiai), ia?ao?ae eiaeiiai c ieo aei neiee?iaeueii? oi?ie
inaaeeiiaeiie/aiiy (Aei?noa?nueeiai i?iaeio o aaiae? — ?aiiueiio
iaeaici?, EII o na?aaeiueiio iaeaici?, Iaciaaoeueei-Euea?anueeiai
e?aeaeiaiai i?iaeio o iacici?), caieeaiiy ie?a?iii-ieaooi?iiaeo neiaee?c
ca ?aooiie oaiaaioe?aeueieo oene?a c i?aaeaiiiai caoiaeo ?
aeeneieiaai?noue iaeiie/aieo inaaee?a ianoaaie i?ai?/ii-no?aeii?
aa?aaioiino? a naea??nueeo, aa?oeeinueeo ?
i?ciueie?iia??enueei-ea?ai?enueeo oace neeaae/anoino?.

Uia iaeaaeii ioe?ieoe ia?niaeoeae iaooiaaciiiniino? ??C, ca oiia
iaaeinoaoiuei? aea/aiino? ?? aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae, caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia
iniaeeaino? iaooiaaciiiniino? a?aeeeaae?a, ui ?? neeaaeathoue, ia
i?eeeaaeao noi?aeieo (e?aua aeine?aeaeaieo) ae?eyiie EII ? IEI. Oae, ca
aiaeia??th c EII o a?aeeeaaeao aeiiacicienueeiai a?eo a iaaeao aeiooiio
?, iniaeeai, aaoiooiio ??C iiaeia i/?eoaaoe ye ia eieaeoi?e, oae ? ia
iie?eoee. Aei ii??ae-eieaeoi??a o ?ic??c? aa?oiueiai i?ioa?icith oa
iaeaicith a?aeiinyoueny i?neiaeee iie?nueei? na??? ?eoath,
ai?aao?anueei? na?oe ? aaeianueeiai ai?eciioo aaiaeo, ?iaainueei?,
aeii?iiiieuenueei? oa ethaiieuenueei? naeo ieaeiueiai eaia??th, a oaeiae
ia?ic/eaiiaai? oiau? na?aaeiueiai-aa?oiueiai eaia??th ?
i?uaii-aeaa?eoia? aa?noae aeaaiio (O.I.Aeieaiei, E.O.Aie/aanueea,
I.?.Aaeaaoaea oa ?i., 1984). Aei iie?eoie a?aeiinyoueny aooceai?
ooai?aiiy aieeinueei? na??? aaiaeo, aeeieno? ai?eciioe aaeaeaenueei?
na??? aaiaeo, aaeo?enueei? oa aa?aaee?anueei? na??e eaia??th, iiooaeia
?aa?iiaeueii aeo?eiaia oiaua aeeienoeo ii??ae neeo?o, a oaeiae aeeieno?
a?aeeeaaee aeaaeeinueeiai y?ono aeaaiio oa aia?ae?eoi-aeieii?oia? oa?e
na?aaeiueiai-aa?oiueiai aeaaiio (a aaoiooii? ?aaa-?onueeiai ianoao).

Ia ia?niaeoeai?noue eaia??th ??C aeaco? oa, ui ia noiiaeiie aeieyioei
EII a 1-Ia?aieoeyinueeie naa?aeeiaeii aoei io?eiaii ei?ioei/aniee oiioai
ai?th/iai aaco c eaia?ith, a o Eeniao?nueeie ciii ia oa?eoi??? Iieueu?,
ui ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ??C, ci naa?aeeiaeie Ia?aeue-1 io?eiaii i?iieneiai
i?eieeae aaco (S.Depowski oa ?i., 1992).

I?i ia?niaeoeai?noue i?ioa?icienueeeo a?aeeeaae?a i?aaeaiii-cao?aeii?
ie?a?ie N?I uiaei ?? iaooiaaciiiniino? aiai?youe A.I.Aeieaiei,
E.O.?iiaithe, A.A.Oeaeiyeia, N.I.Cae?cia, ss.I.Ieaena, TH.C.E?oinueeee,
Ae.I.Eyuoe oa ?io? aeine?aeieee. Ca aeaieie TH.C.E?oinueeiai, ia ne?ae
aeeeth/aoe ?aaa-?onueeo no?oeoo?ii-oaeoii?/io ciio c oa?eoi??e,
ia?niaeoeaieo o a?aeiioaii? iaooiaaciiiniino? i?ioa?icienueeeo
eiiieaen?a.

Eaeaaeii?aeai cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie aaeeeo oaaao i?eae?eyee
A.I.??coi, ?.?.*eae, I.?.Iaaethe, ye? ia i?aenoaa? oi?iaoe?eiiai aiae?co
aa?oiuei-i?ioa?icienueei-iaeaicienueeiai eiiieaeno Ia?aaeea?iaooy
c?iaeee i?aeoe/iee aeniiaie i?i a?aenooi?noue aaaiieo i?e/ei aaaaeaoe
oeae eiiieaen aacia?niaeoeaiei o iaooiaaciiiniiio a?aeiioaii?. Cia/ia
iiooaei?noue inaaei/ieo oa?eaaiieo ii??ae, a?aenooi?noue iaoaii?o?cio
(aeey a?aeeeaae?a iaeaicith), i?iieneiaa iaooiaaciiini?noue
iacicienueeeo oa eaeiicienueeeo a?aeeeaae?a aeaee ciiao oeei
aeine?aeieeai noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui caaaeaiee eiiieaen caneoaiao? ia oaaao
? aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy ye iioaioe?eii ia?niaeoeaiee. Oi/a ie?ai?
eaai?aoi?i? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui eieaeoi?nuee? aeanoeaino?
iaeaicienueeeo ii??ae o iaaeao i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai Ia?aaeea?iaooy
iecuee?, ana ae a ie?a?iieo ciiao ieaooi?i o ca`yceo c aaiaeeiai?/ieie
iai?oaeaiiyie ? ianoaieie i?ioeanaie ciaioaiiy i?aeca?iiai? ii?enoino? e
i?iieeiino? c aeeaeiith eiiiaino?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi o??ueioaaoino?, a
oaeiae ?icou?eueiaiiyi ii??ae. E?eoa???i iiceoeaiiai ioe?ithaaiiy
ia?niaeoea iaooiaaciiiniino? iaeaicith Ia?aaeea?iaooy neoaeeoue oa, ui
i?iieneia? i?eieeae iaooe /e aaco iaea?aeaii c iiae?aieo ca
eieaeoi?nueeeie aeanoeainoyie iaeaicienueeeo a?aeeeaae?a o Aaeo??,
Ia?aaeia?oaeae?, Aieeii-Iiae?ee?.

Ia?niaeoeae iaooiaaciiiniino? a?aeeeaae?a iacicienueeiai /ioea a iaaeao
??C iathoue aacoaaoeny ia oa?aeoa?enoeeao a?aeiia?aeieo no?aoea?ao?/ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a th?e oa e?aeaee, aeine?aeaeaieo o i?aea?oio? Ciai?oiuei?
ciie IEI, aea aiie ? i?iieneiai aaciiinieie. Ia ia?niaeoeai?noue
iaooiaaciiiniino? ieaeiuei? /anoeie th?nueeeo a?aeeeaae?a a iaaeao ciie
c/eaioaaiiy ??C ?c IEI aeacothoue A.I.Oo?ia?i, A.A.Aeooei, ?.A.Aeoiyeia
oa ?i. (1980), a naiiinueeiai iaae`y?ono — I.A.Aie/oe (1974).

Iniiae iaoiaeeee aaieia?/iiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy iaoa??ae?a aeenoaioe?eieo
ceiiie i?e iaooiaaciiiooeiaeo ?iaioao

Oeae, ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iniaeeainoyi nenoaiaoecaoe??
iaoa??ae?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny ye caniae aeaoeo?oaaiiy aeaiaio?a
aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae oa?eoi???, ia?iaeaiiy aa?ieini?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c
iaoith aeyaeaiiy aai?iaeeeaoi??a, ia?o ca ana iia`ycaieo c
iaooiaaciiinieie ia`?eoaie. Cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ieoaiiyi
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee eiiieaenieo AeAAe, ?ic?iaeaiiy oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo cania?a aeaoeo?oaaiiy aa?ieini?/ieo
ci?ie?a ? ea?oia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a.

Iieno iaoiaee/ieo cania?a aeaoeo?oaaiiy IAeC oa ?acoeueoaoai ?o
canoinoaaiiy o aea/aii? iaooiaaciiinieo oa?eoi??e i?enayoeee nai?
ioae?eaoe?? A.?.A??ae?i, I.I.Aei?o???anueeee, ?.?.*aaaiaiei,
Ae.I.O?io?iia, E.I.Iieeaiiaa, A.?.Aio?nueeee, A.A.Aa?aiaiie,
I.N.Aiiaea?aaa, A.A.Iiaea?a, I.I.Aenueiiia, A.A.A?iia?aaeia,
I.I.Nieiaeia, A.O.Ai?iaeia, E.I.?icaiia, ss.A.Eaoe, I.N.Aoaianue?aa,
A.?.Aaoeeia, A.I.A?thoaiia, E.?.Nieiaeiaa, A.I.I?eiea?iei,
AE.A.Ia?/aiei, A.?.Eyeueei, A.?.Ai?iiiaa, A.N.Aioeiyi, I.?.AEeeianueeee,
A.I.Ia?a?aa, A.A.Aaaa?a, A.A.Ie/ae oa ?i. Aeenoaioe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii, a?oioothoueny ia aeinyaiaiiyo oeeo iiia?aaeiee?a.

ca inoaii? aeanyoe??//y o iaooiaaciiiooeiaeo ?iaioao iinooiiai
?icaeaa?oueny iai?yiie aeei?enoaiiy AE?, iniiaaiee ia eiiieaeniiio ??
ia?iaeaii? oa aeaieo aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (A.?.A??ae?i,
A.I.Aei?o???anueeee, 1994), ui caaacia/o? i?iaaaeaiiy iiooeo iaooe ?
aaco ia ye?nii iiaiio ??ai?. A oe?eiio eiiieaeni? aeenoaioe?ei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoueny c aeaio iniiaieo cania?a: aeania
aeaoeo?oaaiiy IAeC ? ii?oino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co (aaieia?/ii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeaoeo?oaaiiy ia iniia? ia?aaeyaeo anueiai
?nioth/iai aaieiai-aaio?ce/iiai iaoa??aeo). Ii?oino?oeoo?iee aiae?c ?
iniiaiei caniaii aeenoaioe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoiaeieia??th aeyaeaiiy
aeaiaio?a aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae ca noeoii?noth no?oeoo?ieo ?en eaiaeoaooo,
yea aea? iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe iia? aeai? oa iiaoaeoaaoe no?oeoo?io
iiaeaeue oa?eoi??? (?.E.Aie/ainueea, ?.I.Naiiaei?eiaa, 1990).

Aaoi?, iaaeath/e aaeeeo oaaao eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiio iaoiaeia?
aeaoeo?oaaiiy aaieia?/ieo ia`?eo?a oa iia`ycoth/e c iei ne?aeii ca
?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie (A.?.Eyeueei oa ?i., 1995; A.I.Ia?a?aa,
I.?.A?o?iia, A.O.Aonae oa ?i., 1998) ia?niaeoeai?noue aeyaeaiiy i?yieo
iciae iaooiaaciiiniino? oa?eoi??e ii aa?ieini?/ieo ci?ieao, i?e
no?oeoo?iiio aeaoeo?oaaii? a?aeaea? ia?aaaao aai?iaeeeaoe?eiei iaoiaeai
aeaoeo?oaaiiy IAeC ? oiiiea?o, aeei?enoiaoth/e o na?e ?iaio?
ii?oia?ao?/i?, ii?oiiao?e/i? iaoiaee no?oeoo?ii-aaiii?oieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa e?iaaiaioiee aiae?c.

Aeenoaioe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia oa?eoi???

i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai Ia?aaeea?iaooy

?icae?e o?ao?e ii/eia?oueny c iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? canoinoaaiiy
AeAAe o i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee iiooeiaeo ia`?eo?a ia aac o Ia?aaeea?iaoo?,
ui aeiaiaeeoueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ia?o, i?iaaaeaieo A.Aaaa?aei,
A.Eiaaeai oa ?i. (1994) ia ae?eyioe? Ciai?oiuei? ciie IEI a?ae n. ?oaeee
aei n. Aiai?iae/aie, aea oaeoe ii?oino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co ? i?inoaaeaiiy
ii?oino?oeoo? a?ae iiaa?oi? ia aeeaeio ca aeiiiiiaith aeaieo
naenii?ica?aeee oa ao??iiy na?ae/aoue i?i oi?ioaaiiy ae?acieo
eaiaeoaooieo aiiiae?e i?aeoe/ii iaae on?ia aaciiinieie no?oeoo?aie. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie aeaoeo?oaaiiy IAeC ? OE an?ia
iniiaieie iaoiaeaie (eaiaeoaooii-aai?iaeeeaoe?eiei,
no?oeoo?ii-aaiii?oieia?/ieie, eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaei).

Eaiaeoaooii-aai?iaeeeaoe?eiei iaoiaeii aeaoeo?oaaiiyi aeyaey?oueny
i?eo?i/ai?noue a?eueoino? a?aeiieo a inaaei/iiio /ioe? aaciiinieo
no?oeoo? aei ae?eyiie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiceoeaieie oi?iaie
?aeue?oo ? a?aeiia?aeieie aeaoi?iaoe?yie aaiii?oieia?/iiai ??aiy,
aeoaiiiae?aiei iaethieii ii?oi?cia?in?a oa ?o caouaiiyi, a?aeoeaio?iaei
iaethieii a?ic?eii? n?oee ? o.i. Iaee?aua oea i?iyaey?oueny a?aeiinii
oaeeo aaciiinieo no?oeoo? Ciai?oiuei? ciie IEI ye: Naeaeieoeueea,
O?aeiiaeoeueea, Naaeeiaeoeueea, Ieiyinueea, ?oaee?anueea, Caeoaeainueea,
Iia?nueea, A?eue/a-Aieeoeueea, Aeaoaanueea, Eaaeaaiyinueea, A?ei?anueea
oa ?i. Iaae ieie ?icaeiaiee i?yiee oaeoii?/iee ?aeue?o, ui oe?eeii
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iaoai?ciii oi?ioaaiiy a?aeia?aaeaiiy no?oeoo?
inaaei/iiai /ioea o eaiaeoaoo? (Ae.I.O?io?iia, E.I.Iieeaiiaa, 1988).

Ii?oiiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii ni?eueii ?c
A.A.Aaaa?aei, ?.I.Oaaeioiaith ? N.E.Eoi???aith (1998) aoee ni?yiiaai? ia
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aeyaeaiiy e?euee?nieo ia?aiao??a no/aniiai
eaiaeoaooo, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aaciiinieo no?oeoo?, oa ae??oaiiy caaea/
?ici?ciaaaiiy ii?oino?oeoo? oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy iai?a?eaii? iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae?. Ca ?ioi?iaoeaieie iciaeaie, aeae?eaieie i?e iaeiiaei??i?e oa
aaaaoiaei??i?e ioe?ieao, aoee iiaoaeiaai? iiaeae? a?aeia?aaeaiiy
ii?oino?oeoo? o ?aeue?o?, i?aaenoaaeai? ae?acaie aeene?ei?iaioieo
ooieoe?e, iaeia c yeeo ia? aeaeyae:

Ae= -0,1.hmax+0,12.hmin+2,95. h/f+1,22.l/f+0,66.n/f-0,71. n1/
l2-0,15.l-10,4, (1)

aea hmax oa hmin — a?aeiia?aeii iaeneiaeueia ? i?i?iaeueia a?aei?oee
?aeue?oo, h=hmax-hmin — ia?aiaae aenio, f- ieiua iae?eiaiai eiioo?a, l
oa n — a?aeiia?aeii noia?ia aeiaaeeia ? e?euee?noue oaeueaaa?a, a l2 oa
n1 — oa ae naia aeey oaeueaaa?a iaaiiai ii?yaeeo.

Ca eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaei iaoiaeii aaoi?ii ni?eueii ?c N.A.No?eiaei,
I.I.Aa?an oa N.E.Eoi???aith aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? iaee ia
iao? aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? a?ae??ciaiiy ??ai?a yne?aaino? cia?aaeaiiy
(?ssC), a oaeiae eiai oaenoo?e a iaaeao aaciiinieo ae?eyiie ?
iaaeieeoi?e iaeano?, oa ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi oi?iae?ciaaiiai iiooeo ?
aecia/aiiy nooiaith a??ia?aeiino? i?iaiico ianoie aoaeaaiaei?a. A
?acoeueoao? ia iniia? aeene?ei?iaioii? ooieoe?? aoee ?ic?iaeai?
iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?ici?ciaaaiiy eieaeueieo aaciiinieo ae?eyiie oa
iaia?niaeoeaieo o oeueiio a?aeiioaii? ieiu. I?eeeaae iaeii? c ieo:

Ae=0,0499 . m2 + 0,046 . mode1 + 0,0999 . max1-20,7712,

(2)aea m2 — ci?ithaaiiy ?ssC o ae?aiacii? 0,7-0,8 iei, mode1 oa max1 —
a?aeiia?aeii iiaeaeueia oa iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy ?ssC o ae?aiacii?
0,6-0,7 iei.

Aiae?c u?eueiino? oioioiio iieacaa, ui c o?ueio i?iaiae?ciaaieo
niaeo?aeueieo ae?aiacii?a (0,5-0,6 iei, 0,6-0,7 iei, 0,7-0,8 iei)
aeey aeaoeo?oaaiiy oioioiiaeueieo iciae eieaeueieo aaciiinieo ia’?eo?a
iae?ioi?iaoeai?oei aeyaeany ae?aiacii ceiiee 0,6-0,7 iei, a yeiio
eiio?anoii i?iyaeythoueny ?ineeii? eiiiiiaioe eaiaeoaooo, oi/i?oa
eaaeo/e, e?nia? oaoe??. Inoaii? /ooeeai ?aaaothoue ia iaioaeoii?/i? ?ooe
ii?oiaeie?a (E.I.?icaiia, 1982; A.A.Aaaa?a, A.I.Eiaaeue oa ?i., 1997) oa
i?enooi?noue aenieeo eiioeaio?aoe?e aoaeaaiaei?a o a?oioiaiio oa?? iaae
?iaeiaeuaie iaooe oa aaco (A.I.Ia?a?aa, I.?.A?o?iia, A.O.Aonae, 1998).

Aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoiaa??aioiino? iiaeaeae ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ca
ii?oiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie no/aniiai ?aeue?oo oa ca oioioiiaeueieie
ia?aiao?aie cia?aaeaiiy c einiino a iaaeao aei?iaoaaeueiiai iie?aiio
aeaei ciiao ia o?eueee eeaneo?eoaaoe no?oeoo?i? oi?ie ia iiceoeai? e
iaaaoeai? c ?iia??i?noth 80-90%, aea e aeaoe ioe?ieo ?iia??iino?
iaooiaaciiiniino? i?iaiicieo ii?oino?oeoo?, aeyaeaieo ca a?coaeueiei
no?oeoo?ii-aaiii?oieia?/iei aeaoeo?oaaiiyi IAeC ? oiiiea?o.

Aeae? aaoi?ii ?ice?eaathoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeenoaioe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaaaeaieo o i?ai?/ii-cao?aei?e /anoei? Ciai?oiuei? ciie IEI ? o ??C,
ye? cae?enithaaeeny ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith noaiith aeyaeaiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae ?icoaooaaiiy oa e?eoa???a i?iaiicoaaiiy
??cieo oei?a no?oeoo?i-eiio?iethth/eo aeeneieaoe?e oa no?oeoo?ieo oi?i,
ui iiaeooue aooe iioaioe?eieie iaooiaaciiinieie ia`?eoaie, c
iiaeaeueoith ?o aeaoae?caoe??th ? aeoiaeii ia eieaeueiee oa aeaoaeueiee
??ai? i?iaiico ianoie aoaeaaiaei?a.

Ii ?aa?iiaeueieo IAeC aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ??C ca oa?aeoa?ii
ae?aaeaiino? o no/aniiio eaiaeoaoo? ia? iciaee iiceoeaii? iaioaeoii?/ii
aeoeaii? ii?oino?oeoo?e. A ?aeue?o? ??C iaeaea oe?eeiaeoi a?aeiia?aea?
ieaoi ?icoi//y ca oei aeiyoeii, ui inoaii? aeaui oe?oa ca ?ici??aie ?
i?inoi?iai ia?ae?eaa? e??i oiai ua e?eueea neea Ianoa??anueei? i?aeciie.

Ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ci?ieo c ?icae?eueiith caeaoi?noth aeecueei 1 ei,
io?eiaiiio c aia?eeainueeiai noiooieea NOAA o aeaeeiiio ae?aiacii?
niaeo?a, ??C ? Ianoa??anueeee aioeee?ii??e iathoue oioioii, iiae?aiee
aei oiai, ui aeanoeaee i?iaaiai (Ea?iaoai ? Naaioieoenueeei ai?ai).
I?ioa o oaieiaiio ae?aiacii? (10,9-12,8 iei), iaaeeaeaiiio aei
ae?aiaciio, a yeiio i?iyaey?oueny iaeneioi aeaniiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy
Caie? (Ae.I?oaa, 1985), Ianoa??anueea i?aeciia ? i?eeaaea aei ia?
/anoeia ??C iio?aieythoue aei Euea?anueei? oioioiiaeueii? aiiiae??,
iiae?aii? ca ??aiai yne?aaino? oei, ui oa?aeoa?i? a??ia?aeiei ciiai
iaooiaaciiiniino? (A.I.Eiaaeue, 1997).

Nie?ath/enue ia ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai aiae?co ia?aiao??a oioioiio
ii?oino?oeoo? ia cacia/aiiio eini?/iiio ci?ieo oa ia aeai? aea/aiiy
iniaeeainoae aaioaiia?aoo?iiai iiey o Ea?iaonueei-Iaiiiinueeiio ?
Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiio ?aa?iiao (A.A.Aiae?onaiei oa ?i., 1989;
?.I.Iiaineeaoeueeee oa ?i., 1991; A.A.Inaae/ee oa ?i., 1976),
aaieiai-aaio?ce/i? ? aaio?i?/i? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy iaooiaaciiinieo
i?ia?ioe?e Oe?a?ie (I.?.Iaaethe, A.TH.Aieei, I.?.Aaeaaoaea oa ?i.,
1990.), aoei aeyaeaii aaioa?i?/i? aiiiae??, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny aaoi?ii
ye iiina?aaeeiaai? e?eoa??? iiceoeaiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ia?niaeoea
iaooiaaciiiniino? a?aeiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e.

Aei ie?aneaii? Euea?anueei? oioioiiaeueii? aiiiae??, yea i?inoaaeo?oueny
a?ae i. Ieeiea?aa, Euea?anueei? iae., ia i?ai?/iee cao?ae ca ei?aeii
Oe?a?ie, iio?aiey? a?aee?eoa ia oa?eoi??? Iieueu? Eiia?oa-?aoainueea
iaooiaaciaa ?iaeiaeua, ieiu? Ia?aeue ? Oa?iiaaoea, aea niinoa??aaeeny
i?eieeae aaco c eaia??enueeeo a?aeeeaae?a (S. Depowski oa ?i., 1992), ui
oaeiae aeaco? ia eiia??io iaooiaaciiiniini?noue iaea?eueo caio?aii?
i?aaeaiii-cao?aeii? /anoeie EII oa aaoiooiio ??C.

A?eueo aeaoaeueia ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi??? i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai
Ia?aaeea?iaooy oa aeae?eaiiy oaeoii?/ieo ii?ooaiue, ye? iiaeooue
eiio?iethaaoe eieaeuei? ii?oino?oeoo?e, aaeaeiny cae?enieoe ii eini?/ieo
ci?ieao, io?eiaieo ?c ooo/iiai noiooieea na??? “Einiin”. ?aeiioaaiiy
oa?eoi??? cae?enithaaeiny oeyoii aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ?? ia ae?eyiee ca
iaaiei ??aiai oioioiio cia?aaeaiiy o ??cieo ae?aiaciiao niaeo?a ca
iaoiaeii aieiaieo eiiiiiaio. A?aeiia?aeii ii a?aieoeyo oioioiiaeueieo
iie?a aeaoeo?oaaeeny e?iaaiaioe, ye? aeio?eiothoueny iaaii? nenoaiiino?
ca?aeii c oaeoii?eith ?aa?iio.

Caaaeath/e, ui ?aeii aeine?aeaeaiue ? oa?eoi???th c aenieei nooiaiai
aeeneieiaaiino? ?ic??co inaaei/iiai /ioea ? oaeith, aea ia?niaeoeae
iaooiaaciiiniino? iaeaicith iia’ycothoueny a ia?oo /a?ao c oi?ioaaiiyi
o??ueiieo ? o??ueiii-ii?iaeo eieaeoi??a, e?iaaiaioiiio aiae?cia? e
a?aenoaaeaiith nenoai o??ueioaaoino? aoei i?eae?eaii iniaeeao oaaao.

C?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a e?euee?niiai aiae?co, aeeiiaiiai aeey
e?iaaiaio?a ? oaeoii?/ieo ii?ooaiue, iieacaei caaeia?eueiee ca?a o
oa?aeoa?? ?o ?iciiae?e?a ii iai?yieao. Iaea?eueoo u?euei?noue
e?iaaiaio?a ? oaeoii?/ieo ii?ooaiue a?aecia/aii a aceiooaeueieo
ae?aiaciiao 60-80, 100-110, 150-160.

O ?acoeueoao? canoinoaaiiy o?ueio niinia?a oaeoii?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy
ae?eyiee i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai Ia?aaeea?iaooy ia iniia? e?iaaiaioiiai
aiae?co: 1) a?coaeueiiai (ca aeaieie OE), 2) a?coaeueiiai aeae?eaiiy
n?oee e?iaaiaio?a (ca aeaieie OE) c ianooiiei ?? ?aeiioaaiiyi ca
aeiiiiiaith eeanoa?iiai aiae?co, 3) aaoiiaoeciaaiiai (ii EC) — aoei
io?eiaii noiae? noaie, ye? aeacothoue ia oa, ui ??C ?ic/eaiiaaia ia
aeiee iicaeiaaei?ie, ae?aaiiaeueieie ? iiia?a/ieie oaeoii?/ieie
ii?ooaiiyie. A ?? oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? aeae?ey?oueny ii?oiaeie ?c
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, aeanoeaeie iaooiaaciiiniei aanaeiai: oi?ioaaiiy iie?a
?c a?aeiinii iecueeith u?euei?noth e?iaaiaio?a (ui aeaco? ia a?aeiinia
caio?aiiy oa?eoi???) c i?iyaaie ia caaaeueiiio oii? eieaeueieo aiiiae?e
a?aeiiniiai i?aeaeuaiiy u?eueiino? e?iaaiaioii? n?oee. Inoaii? ?
iciaeaie ?icaeoeo iaioaeoii?/ieo i?aeiyoue.

Ia iniia? cania?a aeaoeo?oaaiiy oa ?ioi?iaoeaieo iciae aaciiinieo
ia`?eo?a, iai?aoeueiaaieo o iaaeao ae?eyiee ?oaeee-Aiai?iae/aie
Ciai?oiuei? ciie IEI, aoee aeae?eai? i?iaiici? ii?oino?oeoo?e a
i?ai?/ii-cao?aei?e /anoei? IEI oa ??C. Aeey aaieia?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?
a?aenoaaeaiiy ia aeeaeio ii?oiaiiiae?e ? e?iaaiaio?a canoiniaaii
no?oeoo?i? ea?oe, iiaoaeiaai? o ??ci? ?iee ca aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie oa?eoi???, a oaeiae aeai? ao?iaeo ?ia?o. ?acoeueoaoe
ii?oino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co ni?eyee ooi/iaiith no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? ??C ?
neeaaeaiith no?oeoo?ieo noai ii ie?aieo iiaa?oiyo iacicith ? iie??ae?
iaeaicith. Iayaiee aaieiai-aaio?ce/iee iaoa??ae aeaa iiaeeea?noue
aiaaiaii i?iaanoe ii?oino?oeoo?iee aiae?c oa?eoi??? ??C o na?aaeiueiio
ianooaa? (1:200000), oiio no?oeoo?i? iiaoaeiae ii iiaa?oiyo iacicith,
th?e, iaeaicith aoee cae?eniai? aaoi?ii ia eiai iniia? oa ?acoeueoao?a
aeaoeo?oaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo IAeC ? OE c a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ia`?eo?a, ye?
eieae?coaaeeny o a?aeiia?aeiiio ianooaa?. Ia ?acoeueooth/eo no?oeoo?ieo
noaiao ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy iniaeeaino? oaeoii?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy
oa?eoi??? ? aeec`thieoeai? ii?ooaiiy, anoaiiaeai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie
e?iaaiaioiiai aiae?co.

O iaaeao ??C aeaeieythoueny no?oeoo?i? aaee i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai
i?inoyaaiiy, ye? aeaoeo?othoueny eaioethaaie ii?oiaiiiaeie. Oaeoii?/ieie
ii?ooaiiyie noaoe?ioiiai oa iiaii/ii-noiaeiiai iai?yieia caaaeaii aaee
?icaeoi ia aeiee. E??i oiai, aiie oneeaaeiai? aeeneieaoe?yie ianoaiiai
oeio i?ai?/ii-no?aeii? aa?aaioiino?, ui noi?ioaaeeny a
i?ciueie?iia??enueeee aoai oaeoiaaiaco. Na?aae ianoa?a iaea?eueo
cia/oueie ? ?aaa-?onueeee i Oeeianueeee. Inoaii?e o?ano?oueny aaoi?ii ye
noaia?eae?iiaeueia i?iaeiaaeaiiy Ai?iaeioeueeiai ?iceiio ? ?
no?oeoo?i-eiio?iethth/ei aeey Iaie??anueei? oa I?aeeoaainueei? no?oeoo?.

Ia aaieia?/ieo i?ioieyo, yei iiaoaeiaaii ca aeaieie ao?iiiy aeeaieeo
naa?aeeiaei, aaoi?ii aeaeieythoueny aioeoaoe/i? a?aeiinii caaaeaiei
ianoae iiaaeaiii-caoiaeii? aa?aaioiinoi. Caaaeyee iei o yae?ao
aeie-aioeeeiiaeae noi?ioaaeeny ai?noe, neeaaeaii aiaeeeaaeaie, eio??
noa?oi ca aieii, iiae o? ui aiiuothoue, iniaeeai ia aeieyieao ia?aoeio
cacia/aieie iiciueiiacicienueeeie aeeneieaoeiyie aieueo ae?aaiio aae?a.
I?iyaaie noi?iiaaieo oaeei /eiii ai?no-aioeee?iaeueieo no?oeoo? ?
?aaa-?onueea, Iaie?ianueea i Noaa/ainueea iiaeiyooy.

?c oeeie ? iiae?aieie iei ai?no-aioeee?iaeyie iia’yco?oueny i?iaiic
ooai?aiiy oaeoiii/ii-ae?aiiaaieo ianoie aoaeaaiaeiia. Oaei ? eiiai?ii o
iiaeianaieo ai?noiaeo aeieao o eieaeoi?ao i?ioa?icie-eaia?ienueeiai
aieo, ui ae?aiiaaii ii ianoaao iai?iieeieie neeo?ienueeeie ii?iaeaie, a
oaeiae o eieaeoi?ao th?e oa e?aeaee a aaoiooiiieo aeieao, yei
ae?aiothoueny o iiaeianoai neeo?ienueeeie oa eaia?ienueeeie iai?iieeieie
aiaeeeaaeaie. E?ii oiai, eiiai?ii, ui a iaaeao cacia/aieo
ai?no-aioeeeiiaeae, ye i o eiioo?ao iiceoeaieo ii?oiaiiiae?e, aeyaeaieo
aeenoaioeieieie iaoiaeaie, ? iaeiaiieiooaeii no?oeoo?ii oi?ie, ui
ooai?ththoue ianoee aioeeeiiaeueiiai oeio ye o iacicienueeiio, oae i a
i?ioa?icie-iaeaicienueeiio no?oeoo?ieo eiiieaenao.

Aaaeeeaa no?oeoo?i-eiio?iethth/a cia/aiiy ia aeai?e oa?eoi???
iaaea?oueny oaeiae iacicienueeei noaia?eaeiiiaeueiei neeaeai i
iiciueiiacicienueeei (aeiiiioeaiiaei) neeaeai iiaii/ii-caoiaeiiai
iai?yieo. Aiie ia ie?aieo aeieyieao, ai?iaiaeii iiiiaeththoue
iaeaicienueei ? i?ciueii?ioa?icienuee? ii?ooaiiy, i?enoiniaoth/enue aei
ieiuei ciiuaiiy ianoaiiai oeio. Ii ieo niinoa?iaa?oueny noiaeiiiaeiaia
iioneaiiy aeieia o aie Ea?iao. Oea aeiaiaeeoue ii?oino?oeoo?iee aiaeic o
iaaeao Ianoa?ianueeiai aaeo, e?aeiaiai Iaie?ia-Aa?a?aenueeiai aaeo oa
eiiai?ii aiaenoaaeo?oueny acaeiaae Oo/iianueei-Ieiaaoeueeiai i?iaiiciiai
aaeiiiaeiaiiai iiaeiyooy, yea aeaeiey?oueny o aeiiacicienueeiio
ooiaeaiaioi. Ii ciiao oeeo neeae?a i?iaiico?oueny oaeoiii/ia ae?aioaaiiy
neeo?ienueeeie oa eaia?ienueeeie iai?iieeieie aiaeeeaaeaie eieaeoi?ia
th?e oa e?aeaee o caio?aieo aeieao, iniaeeai a oeaio?aeueiie,
iaecaio?aiio?e /anoeii ??C.

AENIIAEE

O ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae oa?eoi??? oa ia?niaeoea
iaooiaaciiiniino? ii?oino?oeoo? i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai Ia?aaeea?iaooy ia
i?aenoaa? AeAAe io?eiaii oae? aeniiaee:

Aaciiini? no?oeoo?e Ciai?oiuei? ciie IEI ciaoiaeyoue a?aeaeooy o
no/aniiio eaiaeoaoo? oa anoaiiaeththoueny oeyoii ii?oia?ao?/iiai,
ii?oiiao?e/iiai oa eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy oiiia?ao?/ieo
ea?o ? ci?ie?a Caie? c einiino, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
eiii`thoa?iiai ia?iaeaiiy aeaieo ii?oiiao??? no/aniiai ?aeue?oo ?
oioiiao??? aaaaoiciiaeueieo cia?aaeaiue i?noeaaino? ?c canoinoaaiiyi
cania?a eiia??i?nii-noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co aeaieo.

??C yaey? niaith iiaeianaiee aeie iieiaei? ieaooi?ie c aaoa?iaaiiei
aaeeaeuenueeei oa aa?oeeinueeei ooiaeaiaioii i iaeiiiooaeiei (aei 2,5
ei) inaaei/iei /ioeii. Aiia caa?iaeany o oi?ii ai?no-aioeee?ii??th iiae
Eueaianueeei iaeaicienueeei i Ia?aaeea?iaonueeei eaeiicienueeei
i?iaeiaie. ??C aiaeiaaeiaaia aiae EII ?aaa-?onueeei ianoaii, a aiae IEI
— Ai?iaeioeueei-Eaeonueeei neeaeii. O iaaeao ??C iaeaea aiaenooiy
aieueoinoue inaaei/ieo aiaeeeaaeia, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey i?iieneiaeo
iaooiaaciiinieo eiiieaenia IEI (iaeaiaai, na?iao, oi?oii) i EII
(na?aaeiie aeaaii). Iaoiiinoue o ??C, ca aaioice/ieie aeaieie,
caieueoothoueny iiooaeiinoi neeo?o i iniaeeai eaia?ith oa i?ioa?icith,
ui ca eioioaoeiaeueieie i eieaeoi?nueeeie aeanoeainoyie oa
iaooiaacii?iyaaie ia noiiaeieo oa?eoi?iyo aaaaoueia aeineiaeieeaie
aaaaeathoueny iioaioeieii iaooiaaciiinieie.

Oa?eoi??y ??C ? ia?niaeoeaiith uiaei iaooiaaciiiniino? ? iio?aao?
iiaeaeueoiai ?? aea/aiiy o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie. sse iniiaa aeey
aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo ? ao?iaeo ?ia?o iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
?acoeueoaoe no?oeoo?ii-oaeoii?/ieo iiaoaeia aaoi?a — no?oeoo?i? ea?oe ii
iiaa?oiyo th?e ? iaeaicith, noaie ?icoaooaaiiy ii?oino?oeoo?,
e?iaaiaio?a ? oaeoii?/ieo ii?ooaiue.

A?eueo?noue oaeoiii/ieo aeeneieaoe?e, yei noi?ioaaeeny a ?icii /ane a
iaaeao ??C, ia?o ca ana noaia?eae?iiaeueiiai oa i?ai?/ii-no?aeiiai
iai?yie?a, aoiaeeoue aei aaiaeeiai?/ii aeoeaieo nenoai aeeneieaoe?e, ye?
i?iyaeyee naaa c iiciueiai i?ioa?icith. A ?acoeueoaoi oeueiai ??C ia?
iicaeiaaeio ? iiia?a/io ciiaeuei?noue, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny no?oeoo?iith
iaiaeii??aei?noth, aeeoa?aioe?aoe??th ia aeiee, iayai?noth a ieo
i?iaiicieo iaei?ici??ieo ianoie aoaeaaiaei?a oaeoii?/ii-ae?aiiaaiiai
oeio, iaoiiaeaieo o oiauao iacicith ? iaeaicith nenoaiith oaeoii?/ieo
aeeneieaoe?e, na?aae yeeo aieiaieie ? i?ciueiiaeaicienuee? ?
i?ciueie?iia??enuee? ianoae i?ai?/ii-i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai iai?yieo
i?inoyaaiiy, ianaiia?aae Oeeianueeee oa ?aaa-?onueeee, a oaeiae neeaee,
eiioi?ii? Iaiiiinueei-Aieeinueeiio, Iaciaaoeueei-Euea?anueeiio ?
Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiio i?iaeiai. Ii ciiao oaeoii?/ii? o??ueioaaoino?
i?iaiico?oueny oi?ioaaiiy o??ueiieo ? o??ueiii-ii?iaeo eieaeoi??a o
eiiiaoaioieo oa?ao iaeaicith ? iacicith.

Caaaeii ia oa?eoi??? aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii aeae?ey?oueny 77 a??ia?aeieo
oa 96 i?iaiicieo ii?oino?oeoo?. Na?aae ia?oi/a?aiaeo c ieo aei
iinoaiiaee naenii?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o ?aeiiaiaeothoueny:
Aei?iae?anueea, ?eooeoeueea, Naee?anueea, Iaiee?anueea, Neo?anueea,
Aieio?anueea, Cao?aeii-Eaeonueea, Noa?i-Aiai?iae/ainueea,
I?ai?/ii-Eaaeaaiyinueea, Cao?aeii-Eaaeaaiyinueea, Eai?iaoeueea,
No?aeii-A?ei?anueea oa ?i. (o iaaeao IEI), Naeao?anueea, Ienae?anueea,
O?ei?anueea, Iieioeiaeoeueea, Aeia?inoai?anueea, Noa?eoeueea,
?oaea/e?anueea, Ea?ieoeueea, Ioai?anueea (o iaaeao ?aaa-?onueei? ciie).

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe na?ae/aoue, ui aeenoaioe?ei? aa?ieini?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aoaeoeaiei caniaii aeyaeaiiy oaeoii?/ieo aeeneieaoe?e ?
ii?oino?oeoo? a oiiaao i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai Ia?aaeea?iaooy. A?aoiaoth/e
noai oa i?iaeaie iiooeo ? ?ica?aeoaaiiy aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu o cao?aeiiio
iaooiaaciiiniiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie, ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ia ?aii?o noaae?yo
i?iaiico iaooiaaciiinieo ia’?eo?a aei iinoaiiaee naenii?ica?aeoaaeueieo
?ia?o canoiniaoaaoe eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aacothoueny ia
aai?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?yo oa eiii`thoa?iiio aiae?c? an???
aaieia?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?acii ?c aeaieie aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy
Caie? c einiino.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. I?i aeioe?euei?noue no?oeoo?ii-aaiii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? iiooeiaeo ia`?eo?a ia aac o I?eea?iaoo? / A.A.Aaaa?a,
A.I.Eiaaeue, N.A.No?eia, I.I.Aaaaeainueea // Iaooiaa ? aaciaa
i?iieneia?noue. — 1997. — ?2. — N. 12-15.

2. Eiaaeue A.I. I?i aeyaeaiiy aaioa?i?/ieo e?eoa???a iaooiaaciiiniino?
aaino?oeoo? ia aaniyiiio oaieiaiio eini?/iiio ci?ieo // ?ica?aeea ?
?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu: Aea?ae. i?aea?aeii/. iaoe.-oao.
ca. Na?. Aaieia?y oa ?ica?aeea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu,
?ica?aeoaaeueia ? i?iieneiaa aaio?ceea. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: ?OAeOOIA,
1997. — Aei. 34 (O. 1). — N. 67-74.

3. Eiaaeue A.I. I?i ?aaa-?onueeo ciio ca ?acoeueoaoaie ii?oino?oeoo?iiai
aiae?co o ca`yceo c iaooiaaciiini?noth // Ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo aaciai?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Aei. XXV. — Oa?e?a: Oe?iae?aac,
1998. — C. 105-116.

4. I?i iaoiaee oaeoii?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy iaooiaaciiinieo oa?eoi??e ca
aeaieie aeenoaioe?eieo ceiiie / A.Aaaa?a, A.Eiaaeue, N.Eoi???aa,
N.No?eia, ?.Oaaeioiaa // Ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo aaciai? i?iieneiaino?
Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoe. i?. -Aei. XXVI. — Oa?e?a: Oe?iae?aac, 1998. — N. 33 —
46.

5. Iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee eiiieaeno
aaiii?oieia?/ieo iciae aeey ??oaiiy caaea/ eeaneo?eaoe?? aaieia?/ieo
ia`?eo?a / A.Aaaa?a, N.Eoi???aa, ?.Oaaeioiaa, A.Eiaaeue // Ieoaiiy
?icaeoeo aaciai? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Aei. XXVI. —
Oa?e?a: Oe?iae?aac, 1998. — C. 46 — 56.

6. Eiaaeue A.I., No?eia N.A., Aa?an I.I. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay ia?aaioea
iiiaiciiaeueiuo einie/aneeo nieieia i?e i?iaiice?iaaiee aaciiiniuo
iauaeoia / The application of mathematical methods and computers in oil
and gas fields. The Mining Pibram Symposium 1997. The International
Section on Mathematical Methods in Geology and The VIth International
Symposium Metallurgy. Proceedings volume MB // Editor: Dr.Vaclav Nemec.-
Prague, October Application of Mathematical Methods and Computers in
Mining, Geology and Metallurgy. Proceedings volume MF // Editor:
Dr.Vaclav Nemec.- Prague, October 1997, — MB 12. — p. 41-45.

7. Oaaeioiaa E.I., Eiaaeue A.I., Aieee A.A. Oaeoiie/aneia ?aeiie?iaaiea
oa??eoi?ee ia iniiaa aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai eeiaaiaioiiai aiaeeca / The
application of matematical methods and computers in oil and gas fields.
The Mining Pribram Symposium 1997. The International Section on
Matematical Metods in Geology and The VI-th International Symposium
Application of Matematical Metods and Computers in Mining, Geology and
Metallurgy. Proceedings volume MF // Editor: Dr.Vaclav Nemec.- Prague,
October 1997, — MF 2, — p. 11 — 15.

Eiaaeue A.I. Aaieia?/ia aoaeiaa ? ia?niaeoeae iaooiaaciiiniino?
ii?oino?oeoo? i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai Ia?aaeea?iaooy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaieiai/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 04.00.17 — aaieia?y iaooe ? aaco. — ?inoeooo
aaieia?? ? aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii aeineiaeaeaiith ii?oino?oeoo? ?aaa-?onueei?
ciie Cao?aeii-?a?iiaenueei? ieaooi?ie oa i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie
Ciai?oiuei? ciie Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio ia iniia? aeaoeo?oaaiiy
aa?ieini?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aeaieo oiiia?ao?/ieo ea?o, i?iaaaeaiiy
ii?oino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co c aeei?enoaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a
aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ao??iiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeii? aaciiini? no?oeoo?e iathoue a?aeaeooy o
no/aniiio eaiaeoaoo?. Aiie aeyaeythoueny caniaaie ii?oia?ao?/iiai,
ii?oiiao?e/iiai ? eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy oiiia?ao?/ieo
ea?o ? ci?ie?a Caie? c einiino. Ia i?aenoaa? ?ioi?iaoeaieo iciae
a??ia?aeieo aaciiinieo no?oeoo? aeyaeaii ii?oiaiiiae?? oa c?iaeaii
ioe?ithaaiiy ?o ia?niaeoeaiino?.

Nie?ath/enue ia aeai? eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiai aeaoeo?oaaiiy einiici?ie?a
? e?iaaiaioiiai aiae?co, ?acoeueoaoe aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
cae?eniaii oaeoii?/ia ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi??? ?aaa-?onueei? ciie.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aiia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny no?oeoo?iith iaiaeii??aei?noth,
aeeoa?aioe?aoe??th ia aeiee, a yeeo i?iaiico?oueny iayai?noue ianoie
aoaeaaiaei?a oaeoii?/ii-ae?aiiaaiiai oeio. Iiaoaeiaaii no?oeoo?i? noaie
ii iiaa?oiyo iacicith, th?e, iaeaicith a ianooaa? 1: 200000.

Caaaeii ia oa?eoi??? aeine?aeaeaiue a?aenoaaeaii 77 a??ia?aeieo
ii?oino?oeoo? oa aeyaeaii 96 ii?oiaiiiae?e, c yeeo 21 ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei
iinoaiiaee naenii?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o.

Eeth/iai neiaa: aaciaa ?iaeiaeua, aeaoeo?oaaiiy, eini?/iee ci?iie,
eaiaeoaoo, e?iaaiaio, ii?oino?oeoo?a, ianoea aoaeaaiaei?a, oaeoii?/ia
ii?ooaiiy.

Koval A.M. Geological structure and prospects for oil and gas presence
of morphostructures in the north-western Pre-Carpathian. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for a candidate’s degree on specialty 04.00.17 — oil and
gas geology.- Institute of geology and geochemistry of Combustible
Minerals of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the investigation of the Rava-Ruska zone
of the West-European platform and north-western part of External zone of
the Pre-Carpathian trough on the basis of deciphering aerospace
information, topographic maps, conducting morphostructural analysis
using the results of geological-geophysical survey and drilling.

It was determined that the well-known gas-bearing structures of the
Pre-Carpathian trough are embodied in the present landscape and are
revealed by morphographic, morphometric and contrast-analog decipherment
of topographic maps and aerospace photos of the Earth.

The tectonic territory zoning of the Rava-Ruska zone on the basis of
contrast-analog decipherment of aerospace photos and lineament analysis
has been performed. It was determined that the territory is
characterized by structural heterogeneity, differentiation as to the
blocs in the presence of hydrocarbon traps of tectonic-screen type is
forecasted. Structural patterns along the surfaces of Mesozoic, Jurassic
and Paleozoic have been constructed at a 1: 200 000 scale.

A total of 77 obvious morphostructures and 96 morphoanomalies were
revealed on the territory. Twenty-one of the latter are recommended for
seismic exploration.

Key words: aerospace photo, decipherment, gas field, hydrocarbon trap,
landscape, lineament, morphostructure, tectonic disturbance.

Eiaaeue A.I. Aaieiae/aneia no?iaiea e ia?niaeoeau iaooaaaciiiniinoe
ii?oino?oeoo? naaa?i-caiaaeiiai I?aaeea?iaouey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 04.00.17 — aaieiaey iaooe e aaca. — Einoeooo aaieiaee
e aaioeiee ai?th/eo eneiiaaiuo IAI Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth ii?oino?oeoo? ?aaa-?onneie ciiu
Caiaaeii-Aa?iiaeneie ieaooi?iu e naaa?i-caiaaeiie /anoe Aiaoiae ciiu
I?aaeea?iaoneiai i?iaeaa ia iniiaa aeaoeo?e?iaaiey ay?ieinie/aneie
eioi?iaoeee, aeaiiuo oiiia?aoe/aneeo ea?o, i?iaaaeaiey ii?oino?oeoo?iiai
aiaeeca n eniieueciaaieai ?acoeueoaoia aaieiai-aaioece/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee e ao?aiey.

Enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe eaiaeoaooa iaae ecaanoiuie aaciauie
ianoi?iaeaeaieyie I?aaeea?iaoneiai i?iaeaa. Onoaiiaeaii caeiiiia?iua
acaeiinayce iaaeaeo ii?aaeae?iiuie ia?aiao?aie nia?aiaiiiai ?aeueaoa
caiiie iiaa?oiinoe e ia?aiao?aie iia?aa?iiuo aaieiae/aneeo iauaeoia.
Iino?iaia eiioeaiooaeueiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue io?aaeaiey a ?aeueaoa
caiiie iiaa?oiinoe aioeeeeiaeueiuo no?oeoo? e neieeeiaeueiuo i?iaeaia,
ia?aciaaaoeony a oieua iacieaeiiciy. Ii eioi?iaoeaiui iieacaoaeyi
?aeueaoa i?iaaaeaia eeanneoeeaoeey i?iaiiciuo iauaeoia, auyaeaiiuo
iaoiaeaie no?oeoo?ii-aaiii?oieiae/aneiai aeaoeo?e?iaaiey iaoa?eaeia
aeenoaioeeiiiuo nu?iie e ii?aaeaeaia noaiaiue eo aeinoiaa?iinoe.

I?iaaaeaii eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaia aeaoeo?e?iaaiea iiiaiciiaeueiuo
einie/aneeo nieieia n eniieueciaaieai i?e?iia eiiiuethoa?iie ia?aaioee
ecia?aaeaiey e niyoey /eneaiiuo ia?aiao?ia oioioiia eco/aaiuo iauaeoia.
I?eiaiaiu iaoiaeu iaoaiaoe/aneie noaoenoeee a ioiioaiee aiaeeca o?iaiae
y?einoe ecia?aaeaiee aaciiiniuo e iaaaciiiniuo ieiuaaeae. ?ac?aaioai
?yae niiniaia ?aniiciaaaiey ia?niaeoeaiuo a ioiioaiee iaooaaaciiiniinoe
oa??eoi?ee. Ia iniiaaiee eniieueciaaiey iiiaiia?iie ioeaiee
eioi?iaoeaiinoe oioioiiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia e niiinoaaeaiey noaoenoe/aneeo
ia?acia aaciiiniuo e iaaaciiiniuo iauaeoia iino?iaii ?aoathuaa i?aaeei
eeanneoeeaoeee, i?aaenoaaeythuaa niaie aeene?eieiaioiua ooieoeee,
?acaeaeythuea oeacaiiua a?oiiu iauaeoia.

Ii einie/aneiio nieieo, naeaeaiiiio a oaieiaii aeeaiaciia, auyaeaiu
oioioiiaeueiua i?eciaee aa?iyoiie iaooaaaciiiniinoe Ianoa?ianeie
iiaeciiu Eueaianeiai i?iaeaa e i?eeaaathuae e iae /anoe ?aaa-?onneie
ciiu.

N oeaeueth eco/aiey ?acii?aiaiauo nenoai o?aueiiaaoinoe inaaei/iie oieue
i?iaaae?i eeiaaiaioiue aiaeec. Niiinoaaeaiea ?acoeueoaoia
eiee/anoaaiiiai aiaeeca, auiieiaiiiai aeey eeiaaiaioia e oaeoiie/aneeo
ia?ooaiee, iieacaei, /oi iie iaeaieaa oe?iei ?acaeou a aceiooaeueiuo
aeeaiaciiao 60-80, 100-110, 150-160.

Auiieiaii oaeoiie/aneia ?aeiie?iaaiea oa??eoi?ee ?aaa-?onneie ciiu ia
iniiaa i?e?iia eiio?anoii-aiaeiaiaiai aeaoeo?e?iaaiey einie/aneeo
nieieia e eeiaaiaioiiai aiaeeca. I?e yoii iieo/aia aunieay noiaeeiinoue
?acoeueoaoia aecoaeueiiai e aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai eeiaaiaioiiai aiaeeca.

Eiathueeny aaieiai-aaioece/aneee iaoa?eae e ?acoeueoaou aeaoeo?e?iaaiey
iaoa?eaeia aeenoaioeeiiiuo nu?iie e oiiia?aoe/aneeo ea?o iicaieeee
oaa?aiii i?iaanoe ii?oino?oeoo?iue aiaeec oa??eoi?ee ?aaa-?onneie ciiu a
n?aaeiai ianooaaa (1:200000). Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iia eiaao i?iaeieueioth e
iiia?a/ioth ciiaeueiinoue, oa?aeoa?ecoaony no?oeoo?iie
iaiaeii?iaeiinoueth, aeeooa?aioeeaoeeae ia aeiee, iaee/eai a ieo
i?iaiiciuo eiaooae oaeaaiaei?iaeia oaeoiie/anee ye?aie?iaaiiiai oeia,
iaoneiaeaiiuo a oieuao iaeaiciy e iaciciy nenoaiie oaeoiie/aneeo
aeeneieaoeee iaaeaeaiaiai e na?iniaiai oeiia.

A ?acoeueoaoa ii?oino?oeoo?iiai aiaeeca auee iino?iaiu no?oeoo?iua ea?ou
ii iiaa?oiinoyi iaciciy, th?u, iaeaiciy. Ia ieo iaoee ioia?aaeaiea
iniaaiiinoe oaeoiie/aneiai ?aeiie?iaaiey oa??eoi?ee, i?iaiiciua
ii?oino?oeoo?u e aeecuthieoeaiua ia?ooaiey, onoaiiaeaiiua ii
?acoeueoaoai eeiaaiaioiiai aiaeeca.

Naeaeai auaiae i oii, /oi e ioeiaeaieyi aeiiacicieneiai ooiaeaiaioa
?aaa-?onneie ciiu i?eiaieiu e?eoa?ee ioeaiee ia?niaeoea
iaooaaaciiiniinoe, oa?aeoa?iua aeey ieaeiaiaeaicieneeo ii?iae,
neaaathueo ooiaeaiaio Aiaoiae ciiu I?aaeea?iaoneiai i?iaeaa e
caeaaathueo a iniiaaiee Ianoa?ianeie iiaeciiu Eueaianeiai i?iaeaa.
Ia?niaeoeau iaooaaaciiiniinoe ioeiaeaiee iacicieneiai /aoea ?aaa-?onneie
ciiu iniiauaathony ia oa?aeoa?enoeeao niioaaonoaothueo no?aoea?aoe/aneeo
iiae?acaeaeaiee th?u e iaea, eco/aiiuo a iniiaaiee I?aaeea?iaoneiai
i?iaeaa, aaea oa yaeythony iaooaaaciiiniuie.

Anueiai ia oa??eoi?ee enneaaeiaaiee ioneaaeaii 77 aeinoiaa?iuo
ii?oino?oeoo? e auyaeaii 96 ii?oiaiiiaeee, ec eioi?uo 21 ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
aeey iinoaiiaee naenii?acaaaei/iuo ?aaio.

Ioia/aaony aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey aeenoaioeeiiiuo
enneaaeiaaiee a caiaaeiii iaooaaaciiiniii ?aaeiia Oe?aeiu, aaea ca
iineaaeiea 5 eao, n o/?oii ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, ninoaaeaiiuo ii ?acoeueoaoai
aeenoaioeeiiiuo enneaaeiaaiee, ia eioi?uo aace?oaony aeenna?oaoeeiiiay
?aaioa, i?iaaae?i ?yae iieneiai-?acaaaei/iuo ?aaio ia aac, ioe?uou e
?acaaaeothony 3 aaciauo ianoi?iaeaeaiey, auyaeaiu 2 iaei?acia?iuo
iiaeiyoey, iiaeaioiaeai aeey iieneiaiai ao?aiey iaeei iauaeo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaciaia ianoi?iaeaeaiea, aeaoeo?e?iaaiea, einie/aneee
nieiie, eaiaeoaoo, eeiaaiaio, eiaooea oaeaaiaei?iaeia, ii?oino?oeoo?a,
oaeoiie/aneia ia?ooaiea.

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