i?eea?iaonueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i.a.noaoaieea

?aaaithe

Ethaia Noaiai?aia

OAeE — 808.3-56

YAI?OEAI? ?A*AIIss A NO*ANI?E

OE?A?INUeE?E IIA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01. — oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aoeaaithe
I?ia Aanee?aia. *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
TH.Oaaeueeiae/a, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nieiaoa Iaae?y
Ieeiea?aia. ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo noee?noeee oa eoeueoo?e iiae;
eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee aeeeaaea/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
iiae Aa?/oe Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/. I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao
?i.A.Noaoaieea.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.A.Aiaothea, eaoaae?a oe?a?inue- eiai oa caaaeueiiai
iiaiciaanoaa, i.Oa?iii?eue.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 09.03.02 o I?eea?iaonueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. A.Noaoaieea ca aae?anith: 284000, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Oaa/aiea,
57.

?c aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Noaoaieea ca aae?anith: 284000, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
aoe. Oaa/aiea, 57.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “27” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio I.ss.Oeoe?anueea

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ?o neioaene/ii?
i?e?iaee oa eeaneo?eaoe?? ?nio? caeaaia. I?ioa, iacaaaeath/e ia
o?eaae?noue ?noi??? ieoaiiy i?i iaeiineeaaei? ?a/aiiy, aiii ? ia
nueiaiaei? aaaaea?oueny aeeneon?eiei.Cie?aia, o no/ani?e e?iaa?noe/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? ?niothoue o?e ??ci? iiaeyaee ia i?e?iaeo ?a/aiue,
i?aaeeeaoeaiei oeaio?ii yeeo ? iacaeaaeiee ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie: 1)aiie
?icaeyaeathoueny ye ??ciiaeae iaiiaieo aeaineeaaeieo ?a/aiue
(A.I.Cieioiaa, O.I.Eiio?a, ?.A.N?aeaeueieeia, A.A.Aaaaeoeaaa);
2)oeoia/aoueny ye ??ciiaeae iaeiineeaaeieo aaciniaiaeo ?a/aiue
(A.I.Eoeee, E.A.Aoeaoianueeee, I.N.Aeoaeee); 3)aeae?eythoueny a ie?aiee
oei iaeiineeaaeieo ?iaiieo ?a/aiue (I.I.Oaoiaoia, I.I.Eaeaio,
I.N.Aaea?ia, N.ss.??iieaiei, aaoi?e “?onneie a?aiiaoeee”-80, aaoi?e
“No/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae” ca ?aae. A.I.A?euaiea, aaoi?e
“Neioaeneno no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae: I?iaeaii? ieoaiiy” ?.?.Neeiueei,
I.A.Aoeaaithe, I.O.Eiaeeyinueea). Ua ?io? iiaiciaaoe? acaaae?
iaieiathoue oeae oei neioaene/ieo no?oeoo?, ia i?eae?eyth/e ?i aeiaeii?
oaaae.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iineeaiee ?ioa?an aei i?iaeaie ?iaiieo aooo?aeo ?
eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue (aeea. i?aoe? I.Ae.A?oothiiai?, ?.I.Oe?y?aa oa
?i.), iica oaaaith e?iaa?no?a caeeoeany anaa?/iee, iiaeeaeaiee,
eiiieaeniee aiae?c ?ai?oeaieo oa ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue, i?e
yeiio aoei a a?aoiaaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiiaio?a a?aiaoe/ii? ?
naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?, cania?a ae?aaeaiiy a?aiaoe/ieo cia/aiue,
iniaeeaino? ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo aeaeici?i, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia’?eoeaii? oa
noa’?eoeaii? iiaeaeueiino?, eiioi?eaoeaieo ?aae?caoe?e ? aa??aio?a oiui.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aecia/a?oueny iaiao?aei?noth c’ynoaaoe e?iaa?noe/iee
noaoon ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue, ie?aneeoe ?o i?noea a nenoai? neioaene/ieo
iaeeieoeue, ae?iaeoe e?eoa??? ?o eeaneo?eaoe?? e eiiieaeniiai aiae?co, a
oaeiae iieacaoe o?niee ca’ycie c oaeeie aaaeeeaeie i?iaeaiaie
neioaeneno, ye no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia i?aai?caoe?y ?a/aiiy,
eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/i? aniaeoe aeneiaethaaiiy oiui. Nenoaiiee,
iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae
ni?eyoeia ?ica’ycaiith oeeo oa ?ioeo i?iaeai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? iia’ycaia c aeine?aeaeaiiyie, ye? cae?eniththoueny ia
eaoaae?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a a ?aieao i?ia?aie aea/aiiy noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei? iiae ia eaene/iiio ? a?aiaoe/iiio ??aiyo.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaiiee iien
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iniaeeainoae ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue, aecia/aiiy ?o
e?iaa?noe/iiai noaoono oa i?noey a neioaene/i?e nenoai? oe?a?inueei?
iiae.

Iaoith ?iaioe ie?aneaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) aecia/eoe noaoon ?ai?oeaieo oa ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue o
oeiieia?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy;

2) c’ynoaaoe ci?no iiiyoue “aooo?a?noue” ? “eaaioeoaoeai?noue” o ca’yceo
c iiiyooyi ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue;

3) ?ic?iaeoe i?eioeeie eeaneo?eaoe?? e iienaoe iniiai? no?oeoo?i? oeie
oa naiaioeei-neioaene/i? iiaeae? ?ai?oeaieo ? ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo
?a/aiue;

4) iienaoe naiaioe/io no?oeoo?o ?ai?oeaieo oa ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo
?a/aiue;

5) i?iaiae?coaaoe noee?noe/i? oa ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeai? ia?aiao?e
aeine?aeaeoaaieo neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ie?aneaii aeaea?aeueio aaco,
iaoiaeieia?th e iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaiiee iien
?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue ?c canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?o
aiae?co, c o?aooaaiiyi no?oeoo?ieo, naiaioe/ieo oa eiioi?eaoeaieo
iniaeeainoae.

Iniiaia a?iioaca aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o aeiaaaeaii?, ui ?ai?oeai? oa
?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy — oea naiino?ei? no?oeoo?i? oeie o
nenoai? i?inoeo ?a/aiue, yeei aeanoeaee ie?aiee noaoon ?iaiieo
iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue. Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy iathoue niaoeeo?/io a?aiaoe/io
oi?io — ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie o iacaeaaei?e iiceoe??, neoaeaoue aeey
ae?aaeaiiy aecenoaioe?eii-eaaioeoaoeaieo a?aeiioaiue, iathoue no?oeoo?io
noaio ? nenoaie ?aaoey?ieo ?aae?caoe?e. Aeey ia?aaea/? a?aiaoe/ieo
cia/aiue i?aaeeeaoeaiino? aiie aeei?enoiaothoue niaoeeo?/i? a?aiaoe/i?
caniae, ui aa?ooue o/anoue o ia?aaea/? ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo aeaeici?i.

O aeena?oaoe?? c’yniao?oueny ieoaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeeeooiieo oa
iiaeonieo cia/aiue o no?oeoo?? ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue, cae?eniaii
eiiieaeniee aiae?c cania?a ae?aaeaiiy e?euee?nii? oa aooo?ai? naiaioeee,
aeine?aeaeothoueny ieoaiiy i?i iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ai?oeaieo
?a/aiue o oaeno?, i?i ioe?iiee oa?aeoa? ? ?aoa?aioe?th ?ai?oeaieo
aeneiaethaaiue, aieea iiaeaii?ai? neooaoe?? ia oi?io aeneiaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aecia/aiiy e?iaaaeueiiai
noaoono ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue ye ie?aiiai oeio iaeiineeaaeieo ?iaiieo
no?oeoo? aeanoue ciiao ooi/ieoe ?nioth/? eeaneo?eaoe?? iaeiineeaaeieo
?a/aiue, aeiiiaieoe neioaene/io oai??th i?i iaeiineeaaei? ?a/aiiy. O
aeena?oaoe?? aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a cia/iee ca ianyaii oa aaaii?noth
iiaee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeaeooue i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy o i?aoeyo
?c neioaeneno oa noee?noeee, i?e /eoaii? iniiaieo eo?n?a, niaoeeo?n?a oa
niaoenai?ia??a o aoc?, a oaeiae i?e iaienaii? oe?eueieo oa aoc?anueeeo
i?ae?o/iee?a c neioaeneno.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iieniaee,
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iee, eiiiiiaioiee, iaoiae iiaeaethaaiiy oa iaoiae
neioaene/ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e.

Aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee
oai?e oe?a?inueei? ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e O?O-OO no., o ia?oo /a?ao o?,
ui yne?aai a?aeia?aaeathoue iniaeeaino? ia?iaeii?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy,
aeaea?aea onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?. Ea?oioaea oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo
neeaaea? 4 oeny/? i?eeeaae?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. On? ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeaii naiino?eii. O
noaoo?, iaienai?e o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniiaia ?aeay, oai?aoe/i? canaaee oa
aeniiaee uiaei e?iaaaeueiiai noaoono ?ai?oeaieo oa
?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue iaeaaeaoue aeena?oaiooe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?aaenoaaeai?
ia /ioe?ueio i?aeia?iaeieo (I?aeei, 1989; Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee,
1992; *a?i?aoe?, 1997; I?aeei, 1998) oa aeaa’yoe anaoe?a?inueeeo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo (*a?i?aoe?, 1988; *a?i?a?a, 1989; Eoaainuee,
1991; Oa?nii, 1991; *a?i?aoe?, 1994; *a?i?aoe?, 1994; *a?i?aoe?, 1995;
*a?i?aoe?, 1997; *a?i?aoe?, 1998), a oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? TH??y Oaaeueeiae/a (/a?aaiue, 1998) oa eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea (eeiaiue, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o 19
ioae?eaoe?yo. Na?aae ieo 8 noaoae, ?aooa — iaoa??aee ? oace
eiioa?aioe?e.

Ia’?i ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a (?icae?e ? — “Neioaene/ia i?e?iaea ?ai?oeaieo
iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue”; ?icae?e ?? — “No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino?
noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue”; ?icae?e ??? — “Caia?a/i?
?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy”; ?icae?e IV — “Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy”),
aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Caaaeueiee
ianya ?iaioe — 186 n. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e
ia?aoiao? — 419 iaeiaioaaiue.

iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? aecia/a?oueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie,
iienothoueny iaoiaee ? i?eeiie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/a?oueny caaaeueia
no?oeoo?a ?iaioe, a?aecia/a?oueny oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy,
iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe??. Ooo aea iiaea?oueny caaaeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, ocaaaeueiththoueny iniiai?
a?aeiiino? i?i ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Neioaene/ia i?e?iaea ?ai?oeaieo iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue”
i?noeoue ?noi??th ieoaiiy i?i ?iaii? iaeiineeaaei? ?a/aiiy oa ?o
eeaneo?eaoe?th, a?aeiiino? i?i ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy, ?o e?iaa?noe/iee
noaoon o oeiieia?? neioaene/ieo no?oeoo? oa i?noea a neioaene/i?e
nenoai? oe?a?inueei? iiae, i?i no?oeoo?io noaio, iiaeaeue oa ia?aaeeaio.

Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy iaeaaeaoue aei iaeiineeaaeieo ?iaiieo no?oeoo?,
i?aaeeeaoeaiei oeaio?ii yeeo ? iacaeaaeiee ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie,
iai?eeeaae: Ia?iaeo! Ea?o?a! A aaeano! Ne?eueee ooio! I? ooio, i?
aaeano! oa ?i.

I?iaeaia ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue iia’ycaia ia?aaeon?i c ?iie?oeeoi?noth
ae?aaeaiiy neioaene/ieo cia/aiue: aoooy (eiai noaa?aeaeaiiy /e
caia?a/aiiy) oa eaaioeoaoeaiino?.

Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy ? naiino?eiei oeiii neioaene/ieo no?oeoo?, ine?eueee
iathoue niaoe?aeueio i?i?iaeueio no?oeoo?io noaio (Ngen), caaaeueia
a?aiaoe/ia cia/aiiy aooo?aino?, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny nai???aeiith
naiaioeeith eaaioeoaoeaiino?, ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ia’?eoeaii? oa
noa’?eoeaii? iiaeaeueiino? oiui. Ia iniia? oeoia/aiiy i?inoiai ?a/aiiy,
yea a?aoiao? an? ??ai? eiai eaae?o?eaoe?? (no?oeoo?iee, naiaioe/iee oa
eiioi?eaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee), iiaeaii aecia/eoe ?ai?oeaia ?a/aiiy ye
aeneiaeaiiy, ooai?aia ca niaoe?aeueii i?ecia/aiith no?oeoo?iith noaiith,
ui ia? a?aiaoe/ia cia/aiiy i?aaeeeaoeaiino?, aeanio naiaioe/io
no?oeoo?o, aeyaey? cia/aiiy aooo?aino? a nenoai? /?oei ie?aneaieo
ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo aeaeici?i oa ?aaoey?ieo eiioi?eaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo
?aae?caoe?e.

I?aaeeeaoeai?noue ?ai?oeaieo iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue ?aae?co?oueny
iacaeaaeiith iiceoe??th ?iaeiaiai a?aei?iea, ui ae?aaea? caaaeueia
noaa?aeaeoaaeueia /e caia?a/ia cia/aiiy aooo?aino? (aecenoaioe?eiino?)
i?aaeiao?a /e yaeu ia’?eoeaii? ae?eniino? neioaene/ii o ae?eniiio
niinia? oa ?icoe?aiiio oaia??oiueiio /an?. Caniaii ae?aaeaiiy
i?aaeeeaoeaiino? ? iacaeaaeiee ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie, ii?yaeie ne?a oa
?ioiiaoe?y.

I?aaeeeaoeaia ?ioiiaoe?y a ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiiyo ia?aoai?th? ?iaeiaee
a?aei?iie o aieiaiee eiiiiiaio — no?oeoo?ii-nieneiaee oeaio?
iaeiineeaaeiiai ?iaiiiai ?a/aiiy, ui noaa?aeaeo? /e caia?a/o? aoooy
i?aaeiao?a, yaeu ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?, iacaaieo oi?iith ?iaeiaiai
a?aei?iea, c iaeii/aniith aeac?aeith ia ?o e?euee?nia aeyaeaiiy.

Yai?oeaiee eiiiiiaio ?ai?acaioo?oueny i?aeeeanii ?iaiiee?a c
eaoaai??aeueii-i?aaeiaoiei cia/aiiyi — iacaaie in?a /e acaaae? ?noio
(ethaeeia, aeeoeia, oaa?eia); ia?noio (eiie?aoieo i?aaeiao?a — iaoeia,
ea?oea ? iiae.); ii?aaeia/aieo iciae (?icoi, eaa?aei?noue ? iiae.);
ii?aaeia/aieo noai?a ethaeeie (nii, niie?e); noai?a i?e?iaee (a?oa?,
ni?a, ii?ic ? iiae.); ii?aaeia/aieo ae?e (e?ee, ooi, aaean oiui).

Iaiaaeaiiy eaene/ii? a?oie ?iai noino?oueny eeoa e?euee?niiai aeyao
(aaeeaathoueny oae? iacae i?aaeiao?a, ui i?aeaeathoueny e?/a? /e
aei??thaaiith). ?iaiiee o ?iaeiaiio a?aei?ieo ia? oi?io iaeieie ?
iiiaeeie.Iai?eeeaae: Ne?eueee uanoy ? e?ane a oai?io ?iai?…
Ia??y…(A.Ninth?a); Oai oeo ia?oae?a ? ae?a/ao!(O.Nai/oe).

Iiae?aii aei iii?iaoeaieo iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy
ae?aaeathoue i?aaeiaoia oa aecenoaioe?eia (aooo?aa) cia/aiiy iaeiei
aieiaiei eiiiiiaioii. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iii?iaoeaieo ?a/aiue, ye?
aoaathoue eeoa noaa?aeaeoaaeueieie, ?ai?oeai? aooo?a? ?a/aiiy
?aae?cothoueny aeaiia ooieoe?iiaeueieie oeiaie: noaa?aeaeoaaeueieie ?
caia?a/ieie no?oeoo?aie.

Noaa?aeaeoaaeuei? ? caia?a/i? ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy aeae?eythoueny ca
oa?aeoa?ii i?aaeeeaoeaieo a?aeiioaiue (ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
iia?aeiiethaaiiai c ae?eni?noth) oa iiaeaeuei?noth.

Ia’?eoeaia iiaeaeuei?noue noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ? caia?a/ieo ?ai?oeaieo
?a/aiue ae?aaea?oueny caniaaie aeania no?oeoo?ii? noaie Ngen oa NegNgen,
a ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo — Quantit + Ngen oa NegQuantit +Ngen.

Noa’?eoeaia iiaeaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?a/aiue ? oaeoeueoaoeaiith ?
iaeeaaea?oueny ia ia’?eoeaio iiaeaeuei?noue. Aiia ae?aaea?oueny
aeiaeaoeiaeie a?aiaoe/ieie e eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ieie caniaaie (/anoeaie,
aeaoeaie, iiaoi?aie, noo?enaie noa’?eoeaii? ioe?iee) oa ?ioiiaoe??th.

??ci? oeie ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue iathoue ia eeoa iaiaaeai?, aea e
iaiaeiaeia? iiaeeeaino? uiaei ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo aeaeici?i. Yai?oeai?
?a/aiiy a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? iathoue /ioe?e/eaiio ia?aaeeaio.
Aiie ?aae?cothoueny a iniiaiiio o aeo?aei?e oi?i? neioaene/iiai
?iaeeeaoeaa, ??aeoa — o oi?iao neioaene/ieo ???aaeueieo niinia?a. Oi?ie
aaaeaeueiiai ???aaeueiiai niiniao iiaeeea? ye na?aae
noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo, oae ? na?aae caia?a/ieo iiaeaeae. Caniaaie
i?aai?caoe?? oi?i aaaeaeueiiai niiniao ? /anoea ae (a) o ??cieo
iiaeeo?eaoe?yo (yeae, oi/ ae, o?eueee a, iaoae ae, uia, uia o?eueee,
eeoaiue ae ? iiae.). Iai?eeeaae: sseae ea?o?a! Oi/ ae ea?o?a! sseae
i?yeeo ea?o?a! Oi/ ae i?yeeo ea?o?a!

Oi?ie ???aaeueiiai iaeaciaiai niiniao aeiioneathoue eeoa caia?a/i?
?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy, ye-io: I? caoeo! Uia i? caoeo! AEiaeiiai caoeo!
I?yeiai caoeo! Iaoae i? caoeo!, a oi?ie oiiaiiai niiniao — eeoa
noaa?aeaeoaaeuei? ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy, iai?eeeaae: Ea?o?a ae.. Ioceee a…

O ?icae?e? ?? “No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo
?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue” aecia/a?oueny ?o a?aiaoe/ia cia/aiiy (aooo?aino?),
aeae?eythoueny iniiai? iiaeae? oa ?aaoey?i? ?aae?caoe??,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiceoe?eia no?oeoo?a, eiioi?eaoeaia aoaeiaa oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii-noee?noe/i? iniaeeaino?.

Naiaioeeo noaie noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue Ngen iiaeia
aecia/eoe ye “aoooy, ?nioaaiiy i?aaeiao?a o cia/i?e e?eueeino?”. I?e
oeueiio ?o eaaioeoaoeaia iciaea ae?aaea?oueny ?iie?oeeoii (ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ioiiaoe??) oa ??cieo /anoie ? aeaoe?a (a, ui, ui aaea, io
a, yeeo, ne?eueee, no?eueee, io, ie oiui), ye? iineeththoue cia/aiiy
iaicia/aii? e?eueeino? i?aaeiao?a /e yaeu ia’?eoeaii? ae?eniino?,
ae?aaeaieo ?iaeiaei a?aei?ieii.

No?oeoo?ia noaia aeiionea? iaiaaeaio e?euee?noue eaene/ieo eiiiiiaio?a:
aieiaiee /eai ?a/aiiy ae?aaea?oueny ?iaiieeii, yeee iicia/a? i?aaeiaoe,
ui i?aeeyaathoue e?/a?, aei??thaaiith, iiaeooue aeyaeyoeny a a?eueo?e /e
iaio?e i??? ?ioaineaiino?.

Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeae?ey?ii oae? iniiai? iiaeae? ?ai?oeaieo
noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?a/aiue: Ngen: Aeia?a nayoiai! Aie?! Aie?! A?aoa?noaa
a?aoiueiai (O.Oaa/aiei); Ngen + oaee: Ia?iaeo-oaee (A.Oaneaiei); o?eueee
ae (o?eueei) + Ngen: Oa o?eueee ae ? iio?oe! A?aeia Aiia!.. (Eany
Oe?a?iea); O?eueei ne?c, o?eueei ioe ? oa?i?iue (A.Ia/ianueeee); ae oi +
Ngen: A ieyoie ae oi… (A.Ea?oea-Iniia’yiaiei); ioea + Ngen: Ioea iai?
eeoi? aiaeeie! (Ia?ei Aia/ie); io ua + Ngen: Io ua aaea/ie i?i ia? o
ian! (A.Oaneaiei); oi/ (ae, a) + Ngen: Oi/ ae iaeiiai a?aoeea ?i aeey
iai?iie (A.ssai??anueeee); /anoee caeiaiieeiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy + Ngen:
Iieiea oiai, iieiea!.. (Inoai Aeoiy). Eo?ae! Oaeeo eo?ae! (Inoai Aeoiy).
sseiai ooo ethaeae! (Ia?ei Aia/ie); /anoee niieo/ieeiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy +
Ngen: ? iiaeee?a, ? ie?aoe?a ioeo aaoiiaoe/ieo. ? oea?iaoie (Inoai
Aeoiy). A ainoae, ainoae! (TH.Oaaeueeiae/). Ui aaea iea/o
iaoa?einueeiai, ui aaea aiein?iiy! (Inoai Aeoiy); aeaoee + Ngen: Io ?
iieoieoeue! (Inoai Aeoiy). Ao, eieaeie ae… (A.Oaneaiei); ne?eueee
(e?eueei) + Ngen: Ne?eueee ai?y, ne?eueee ioee… (Eany Oe?a?iea); A
e?eueei ?icaeoeo… oo?a/aieo ai?cae… (A.Ia/ianueeee); ne?eueee +
Ngen (caeiaiieea): ? ne?eueee ?o, aeo?aae?a… ss c?oeaia c ia/ae?
(E.Einoaiei); ne?eueee + /anoea + Ngen: Ne?eueee ae e?o, ne?eueee cei
(Inoai Aeoiy); aeaoe + ne?eueee + Ngen: I ne?eueee aeoi, i?naiue-aiai?a
(A.Ninth?a); no?eueee + Ngen: No?eueee e?ane e i?aeiino?!
(I.Eiaeeyinueea).

Eiaeia iiaeaeue ?ai?oeaiiai noaa?aeaeoaaeueiiai ?a/aiiy i?e ni?eueiino?
a?aiaoe/iiai cia/aiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??ciei ??aiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
ia’?eoeaii? oa noa’?eoeaii? iiaeaeueiino?, a?aeo?ieii naiaioeee.

Naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a ?ai?oeaiiai ?a/aiiy oi?io?oueny aca?iiae??th
naiaioeee no?oeoo?ii? noaie oa eaene/iei cia/aiiyi ne?a, ui ??
caiiaiththoue. Aeeeooiiee ci?no ?ai?oeaiiai noaa?aeaeoaaeueiiai ?a/aiiy,
ui neeaaea? iniiao i?iiiceoe??, iiaea aooe aecia/aiee ye i?iiiceoe?y
aecenoaioe?eiino?, ui ia? oae? ??ciiaeaee: 1) i?iiiceoe?th aieiae?iiy (O
iaia eiea!); 2) i?iiiceoe?th i?noeaia?aaoaaiiy (O e?n? a?ea?a!); 3)
i?iiiceoe?th ae??, noaio (E?eeo! Ooio! ?aaeino?!). Aeiaeaoeiaith
aeeeooiiith i?iiiceoe??th, yea iaeeaaea?oueny ia i?iiiceoe?th
aecenoaioe?eiino?, ? i?iiiceoe?y eaaioeoaoeaiino?, ui ae?aaea?oueny
?ioiiaoe??th oa ??ciiiai?oieie /anoeaie. Iaea?eueo ae?acii ia?aaeathoue
cia/aiiy ocaaaeueiaii? e?eueeino? /anoee ne?eueee, no?eueee. Iiaeae?
?ai?oeaieo noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?a/aiue ?ai?acaioiaai? oei aai ?ioei
i?aeaa??aioii i?iiiceoe??. Oae, i?iiiceoe?y aieiae?iiy ia? i’youe
naiaioe/ieo ??ciiaeae?a, iia’ycaieo ?c iiiyooyi i?eiaeaaeiino?,
iinaneaiino?: 1) i?eiaeaaei?noue inia? iiiaeeie i?aaeiao?a: A ui a eiai
iiey, ooaeiae, ui anyeiai aeia?a (Ia?ei Aia/ie); 2)iayai?noue
?ioaineaii? ae??, iia’ycaii? c iniaith: A iiia?aaeo ua no?eueee ?iaioe
(A.Aaaeye); 3) iayai?noue aeanoeainoae, iciae: Ne?eueee i?aeiino? e
eieaonoaa eoeaaiai a aiein? (Inoai Aeoiy); 4) iayai?noue noaio: Ne?eueee
a ieo ni?aaaaeeeaiai ai?ao ? ia?ace!.. (I.Ieueaee/); 5) iayai?noue
noinoie?a c ?ioeie ethaeueie: Ne?eueee ethaia?! Ne?eueee niiiei?a,
ne?a(A.Ninth?a).

?a/aiiy c i?iiiceoe??th aieiae?iiy iathoue o nai?e no?oeoo??
aeaoa?i?iaio i?eiaeaaeiino? (iniaeno?niee eieae?caoi?), yeee iae/ano?oa
ae?aaea?oueny i?eeiaiieeiai-a?aei?ieiaith oi?iith a (o) + ?iaeiaee
a?aei?iie. Iai?eeeaae: O ae?a/eie no?eueee eanee, ye ia oeo?i noaao
?ynee (Ia?.oa.); Ne?eueee a iaia ooaeiae! (A.Ea?oea-Iniia’yiaiei).

I?iiiceoe?y i?noeaia?aaoaaiiy i?aaenoaaeaia oaeiae /ioe?ia aa??aioaie:
1) ?nioaaiiy o aaeee?e e?eueeino? o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo yaeu: Ni?ao,
ni?ao! (Inoai Aeoiy); 2) ?nioaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie:
Iaethie?a, iaethie?a ia no?iao! (A.Oaneaiei); 3) ?nioaaiiy iiiaeeie in?a
/e oaa?ei: A Nieii??a, *a?aaee?a ? Oeeaoeue, ? O?a?ue, ? Ia?anue, ?
A?eoeuee?a!.. (Inoai Aeoiy); 4) ?nioaaiiy iiiaeeie neeaaeiaeo /anoei o
i?aaeiao? (iacae aeaoaeae, aeaiaio?a oiui): Oai-oi iaienoa aei?iaiai,
oai-oi aeoea/?a!(Ia?ei Aia/ie).

O no?oeoo?? i?iiiceoe?? i?noeaia?aaoaaiiy iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e aeaiaioe:
noa’?eo ?nioaaiiy (ca aeayeeie eeaneo?eaoe?yie — ia’?eo ?nioaaiiy),
i?aaeeeao aoooy, ae?aaeaiee neioaene/ii, ? eieaoea /e (??aeoa)
oaiii?aoea, yeei ia oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio ??ai? a?aeiia?aeathoue
aeaoa?i?iaioe i?noey ? /ano.

O iiaeoniiio ieai? aeae?eythoueny i?iiiceoe?? ni?eeiyooy oa ioe?iee
iia?aeiiethaaiiai iiaoeai c ??ciiiai?oieie aeyaaie noa’?eoeaiino?
(?aae?noue, ai?a, iao?aiiy oiui). Iai?eeeaae: Ao, ne?eueee ea?oie o ii?i
aath! (I.Ieanue); Eai?a o ?o (iai?a), eai?a oa noai?a…(Inoai Aeoiy);
Ui aaea iea/o iaoa?einueeiai, ui aaea aiein?iiy! (Inoai Aeoiy).

Iiceoe?eia no?oeoo?a ?ai?oeaieo noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?a/aiue
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo i?ene?aieo (icia/aeueieo,
ia’?eoieo) iioe?thaa/?a oa iai?ene?aieo (aeaoa?i?iaio?a). Iai?eeeaae:
Aaeaeoaeeo ne?a, iaoaeo iao?eaeiai, aeoiie caoa?oeo ? ii?iaei?o ne?a!..
(E.Einoaiei); Iaith oaeiai! Noiieaia i?e?iaea ioii/eaa? o e?an? oae?e…
(?.Ieoaeiee); ? noio a eiai i/ao, noio… (Inoai Aeoiy); Ia i?ei?/eo
eo?yae, eo?yae (A.Oaneaiei); A ooo o e?iiao? iai?a, iai?e!.. (Ia?ei
Aia/ie).

Oa?aeoa? iioe?thaaiino? ?ai?oeaieo noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?a/aiue
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy ye naiino?eiiai oeio ?iaiieo
iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue.

Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy — iane?aeie aeiiii?? iiaieo cania?a a oniiio
ni?eeoaaii?. Aiie i?aeeacothoueny iiaeaii?aith neooaoe??th, ?i aeanoeaee
aiioe?eiee oa aeni?aneaiee oa?aeoa?. O?acaieia?caoe?y aaaaoueio
?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue, cao?eniaaieo a oni?e ia?iaei?e oai?/ino?, na?ae/eoue
i?i ?o aeaai? iioiaeaeaiiy. Iai?eeeaae: No?eueee i?aaaee, ye o ?aoao?
aiaee (Ia?.oa.); O caeoey no?eueee noaaeie, ye o eeoaeo ieoie (Ia?.oa.).

I?i ?o naiino?eiee oa?aeoa? na?ae/eoue ? oaea iniaeea?noue iiceoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e, ye ooai?aiiy a?aee?eoeo no?yaeieo ?yae?a i?aaeeeaoeaieo
/eai?a, ae?aaeaieo ?iaeiaei a?aei?ieii. Iai?eeeaae: A naea oiai, naea, a
ioeoe? (Inoai Aeoiy); Ui iaaa, ui noai?a! (E.Einoaiei); Ne?eueee aie?,
ne?eueee ie?o, ne?eueee niioey iaae?oae… (I.Ieanue).

Iniaeea?noue eiioi?eaoeaii? aoaeiae noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?ai?oeaieo
?a/aiue iieyaa? a oiio, ui oaia a ieo aeineoue /anoi ? ioeueiaith, a
aanue eiiiiiaioiee neeaae ?a/aiiy aeeiio? ?ieue ?aie (ia?ic/eaiiaai?
?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy). O ?ic/eaiiaaieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiiyo oaiith aenooia?
iniiaiee neeaae ?a/aiiy, a aeaoa?i?iaioe /e iioe?thaa/? ianoaaeiiiai
oeio noaiiaeyoue ?aio. Aeineoue aaaeeeao ooieoe?th a aeooaeueiiio
/eaioaaii? ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiiue aeeiiothoue /anoee, ye? i?aeneeththoue /e
aeae?eythoue aieiaiee /eai ?a/aiiy, iaaeathoue ??cieo a?aeo?ie?a
cia/aiiy. Aeooaeueia /eaioaaiiy ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue aecia/a?oueny
neooaoe??th iiaeaiiy ? eiioi?eaoeaiith ni?yiiaai?noth. Iai?eeeaae: E?eeo
oa aoeo, ?aaioo oa aea?o?a // iiiaae ??/eith (Iaian Ie?iee).

Yai?oeai? noaa?aeaeoaaeuei? ?a/aiiy aeineoue /anoi ia?aaoaathoue o
niieo/ieeiaiio (aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiio) oa aacniieo/ieeiaiio
(iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiio) ca’yceo c ?ioeie i?aaeeeaoeaieie iaeeieoeyie o
neeaaeiiio ?a/aii?. Iae/ano?oa aiie ? /anoeiaie neeaaeieo
aacniieo/ieeiaeo ?a/aiue, ye-io: Aecaieythoue — ne?eueee ni?oo!
(I.A?aaianueeee); A noaeinue oae: ia i?oeiao a naaeo ethaeae!
(I.I?aenooa). Ia’?aeioth/enue o neeaaeiino?yaeia /e neeaaeiii?ae?yaeia
?a/aiiy, ?ai?oeai? i?aaeeeaoeai? /anoeie ni?eythoue iineeaiiio oaiio oa
aeeiai?oe? ?iciia?ae?. Iai?eeeaae: E?n aoa aaeeeee, aaee/aciee, ye
aiee?a na?o, oaeee aeiaaeaeaciee, a ui a i?i ya?ae ? a?ea?a, a een?a, a
aeee?a, a cayoe?a (A.Eaieee); O?eueee e aeoiie,ui ia ?aiie iaia oe?aa o
ae?iee (?.Ieoaeiee);Oaeiai aaoeaoo ia caie?, ui no?ao (Iaian Ie?iee).

Aei ooieoe?iiaeueii-noee?noe/ieo iniaeeainoae ?ai?oeaieo
noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?a/aiue iaeaaeaoue oae?: 1) oe? no?oeoo?e eia?/ii
aeae?eythoueny a oaenoao, aeooae?cothoueny caaaeyee aiioe?eiino? oa
aeni?aneaiino?, iaaeath/e aeneiaethaaiith caaaeueiiai aiioe?eiiai
iai?oaeaiiy; 2) aaeeaath/enue naiino?eii ye ie?ai? ?a/aiiy, aiie o?nii
iia’ycai? c oe?oei eiioaenoii naiaioeeith oa caaaeueiei ci?noii
oaenoiaeo ii?aeiaiue — neeaaeieo neioaene/ieo oe?eeo; 3) ?ai?oeai?
noaa?aeaeoaaeuei? ?a/aiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a iienao yaeu i?e?iaee,
na?aaeiaeua, ciai?oiueiai aeaeyaeo ethaeae, oaa?ei, ia?aaeathoue
aioo??oiuei-ineoieia?/iee noai ethaeeie oiui. ?o noee?noe/ia yne?aa?noue
iieyaa? a /?oe?e eiioi?eaoeai?e ni?yiiaaiino?, o nieneia?e iiaiio?,
caaa?oaiino?, noeneino? oa ia?aciino?, caaaeyee /iio ?o aaeeaaiiy
oa?aeoa?ia aeey oniiai ?iciiaiiai oa aeey ooaeiaeiueiai, iiaoe/iiai
iiaeaiiy.

O ?icae?e? ??? “Caia?a/i? ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy” aena?oeaii ieoaiiy i?i
neioaene/io i?e?iaeo caia?a/ieo eiino?oeoe?e; anoaiiaeaii
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ai?oeaieo caia?a/ieo ?a/aiue ?c
noaa?aeaeoaaeueieie oa ?ioeie no?oeoo?ieie oeiaie caia?a/ieo, cie?aia
aaciniaiaeie iaeiineeaaeieie; ie?aneaii iniiai? iiaeae? ?ai?oeaieo
caia?a/ieo ?a/aiue o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?; noa?aeoa?eciaaii
iniaeeaino? ?o iiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e.

Yai?oeai? caia?a/i? ?a/aiiy i?ioenoaaeythoueny noaa?aeaeoaaeueiei. sseui
o noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo iia?aeiiey?oueny i?i iayai?noue, aoooy, ?nioaaiiy
i?aaeiao?a /e yaeu o aaeee?e ?o e?eueeino?, oi a caia?a/ieo — iaaiaee,
caia?a/o?oueny aoaeue-yea aoooy c ?iie?oeeoiei cacia/aiiyi uiiaeiaioiai
(/e ioeueiaiai) ?o e?euee?niiai aeyao.

Naiaioeea noaie caia?a/ieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue NegNgen — “caia?a/aiiy
aoooy, ?nioaaiiy i?aaeiao?a o iaai?e (iaicia/ai?e) ?o e?eueeino?” —
ia?aaea?oueny oi?iith ?iaeiaiai a?aei?iea oa iaaaoi?ii — caia?a/iei
eiiiiiaioii Neg (/anoeith, caia?a/iei caeiaiieeii oiui). Yai?oeai?
?a/aiiy ? caaaeueiicaia?a/ieie, ine?eueee iaaaoi? ye iniiaiee can?a
ae?aaeaiiy caia?a/aiiy (/anoea i?, caeiaiiee aeiaeiee, i?yeee oiui), ui
noi?oue a?ey ?iaeiaiai a?aei?iea, icia/a? “iaaoooy”, “ia?nioaaiiy”
iacaaii? noanoaioe??. Iai?eeeaae: Anth aeiaao i?/ i? i?nyoey, i?
caoeo… (O.Naaa?ithe); A aeieei?, aea eieenue noiyea Aa?a?aea, oaia?
aeiaeii? oaoeie, aeiaeii? iia?oee, aeiaeii? aeeai? aeoo? (A.Iaeee).

Ciinoa?aaeaiiy iaae ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ?ai?oeaieo caia?a/ieo no?oeoo? aea?
i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe ?o ie?aiei oeiii ?iaiieo iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue. sse
cana?ae/o? oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, caia?a/i? ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy a?eueo
i?iaeoeoeai?, i?ae noaa?aeaeoaaeuei?, i?ioa ?i oa?aeoa?ia iaioa
??ciiiai?oi?noue no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae.

O iia? oai??a oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a aeyaeaii oae? iniiai? iiaeae?
caia?a/ieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue: i? (ai?) + Ngen: Ai? e?ath, i? i?ina?oo
(I.A?a–aianueeee); i? + iaeei (?aeeiee) + Ngen: I? iaeiiai aea?aaoey…
(I.*aaai?anueeee); …I? ?aeeiiai oaeanoo(A.A??i/aiei); i?yeee + Ngen:
I?yeiai no?oiea ? i?yei? aiaee iiaeeco (?.Aaa?yiee); aeiaeiee + Ngen:
AEiaeiiai aiaieea, aeiaeii? ethaenueei? iinoao?! (A.Iaeee); Prongen
(i?eiai); Prongen (i?/iai): A ei?eaei?? i?eiai (I.Aeiaaeaiei); I?/iai o
iueiai nayoiai (O.Nai/oe).

Iiaeae? ?ai?oeaieo caia?a/ieo ?a/aiue, ae?aaeath/e iaeiioeiia
eiino?oeoeaii-naiaioe/ia cia/aiiy iiaii? a?aenooiino? noanoaioe??,
?ic??ciythoueny iaaieie a?aeo?ieaie naiaioeee. Iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiith
? iiaeaeue i? (ai?)… i? (ai?) + Ngen. No?yaei? a?aee?eo? ?yaee
?ai?oeaieo neiaioi?i c iaaaoi?ii i? iae/ano?oa ii?aeiothoueny
aacniieo/ieeiaei ca’yceii. I?ae no?yaeieie eiiiiiaioaie
anoaiiaeththoueny anioe?aoeai? naiaioe/i? a?aeiioaiiy. A?ae
iieiaeaiueeeo oeoeo yaeoiueie i? niiaaaeo, i? oaeanoo, i? eenoo
(A.E?ena). Aaaaoueii c ieo oa?aeoa?ia aioo??oi? ?eioaaiiy ?iaeiaeo
a?aei?ie?a, ui ni?ey? o?acaieia?caoe?? ? oe?ieiio iiaoooaaiith o noa??
oniiai ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy. Iai?eeeaae: I? eiea, i? aeai?a, i? ?iaaoiai
aiea (Ia?.oa.); O iaoi? Ia?anee i? ai?ao, i? eanee (Ia?.oa.).

Iiceoe?eio no?oeoo?o ?ai?oeaieo caia?a/ieo ?a/aiue oi?iothoue, e??i
i?aaeeeaoeaiiai oeaio?o, aei yeiai aoiaeyoue iaaaoi? oa ?iaeiaee
a?aei?iie, aeaoa?i?iaioe i?eiaeaaeiino?, i?noey ? /ano, a oaeiae
i?ene?ai? iioe?thaa/? icia/aeueiiai oa ia’?eoiiai oeio. Ii??aiyii c?
noaa?aeaeoaaeueieie ?ai?oeaieie ?a/aiiyie, oi?iaeuei? caniae ae?aaeaiiy
iioe?thth/eo /eai?a o caia?a/ieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiiyo a?aecia/athoueny
a?eueoith ??ciiiai?oi?noth.

No?oeoo?oth/enue caia?a/iei eiiiiiaioii i?aea (i?aaea), ?ai?oeai?
?a/aiiy ooai?ththoue eiino?oeoe?? c iiaea?eiei caia?a/aiiyi. Iai?eeeaae:
A i?aea i? caoeo (A.Noon); I?aaea ai? iaeii? aea?aaeie (I.Iaeiaae).

sse ? noaa?aeaeoaaeuei?, caia?a/i? ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy iathoue
/ioe?e/eaiio ia?aaeeaio (neioaene/iiai ?iaeeeaoeaa oa oiiaiiai,
aaaeaeueiiai ? iaeaciaiai niinia?a).

Caeaaeii a?ae eiioi?eaoeaii? neooaoe?? ? i?aaiaoe/ieo ?ioaioe?e iiaoey
caia?a/i? ?a/aiiy iiaeooue iaoe oa?aeoa? eiinoaooth/i? ?iciia?aeii? aai
niiioeaeueii? iiaeaeueiino?. Iai?eeeaae: I? nea?ae, i? aeoiee i?i
aoiieai?noue na?oey, i?i oai??noue — i? neiaa, i?i noa??noue — i?
caaaeee (I.Aaaeai); I? o?aae, ai? aea?aa (I. Ieanue); I? neiaa, i?
i?aneiaa iei?!(O.Naaa?ithe).

Yai?oeai? caia?a/i? ?a/aiiy aaeeaathoueny ye naiino?ei? neioaene/i?
iaeeieoe?, a oaeiae iiaeooue aoiaeeoe aei neeaaeo ?ioeo neioaene/ieo
no?oeoo?. I?ioa iae/ano?oa oae? iiaoaeiae ? naiino?eiei aeaiaioii o
no?oeoo?? ca’yciiai oaenoo. Aiie noiyoue ia ii/aoeo iaaeo?acii?
?aeiino?, a na?aaeei? aai ae o e?ioe?, aeoeaiooth/e oaaao iiaoey ia
aaaeeeaiio eiioi?eaoeaiiio aniaeo? caia?a/aiiy aoooy, ?nioaaiiy yei?nue
noanoaioe??.

?icae?e IV “Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy” ioiieth? a?aeiiino? c
?noi??? ieoaiiy i?i ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy, ?o neioaene/io
i?e?iaeo, aeooaeueia /eaioaaiiy, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? oa
eiioi?eaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?.

I?iaeaia ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue iia’ycaia c ??ciei
o?aeooaaiiyi ?o e?iaaaeueiiai noaoono, c a?aeianaiiyi ?o oi aei
iaeiineeaaeieo (iii?iaoeaieo, aaciniaiaeo, eaaioeoaoeaieo), oi aei
aeaineeaaeieo no?oeoo?. Neioaene/ia i?e?iaea ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo
?a/aiue aea? aeinoaoiuei i?aenoaa aeey oiai, uia ?icaeyaeaoe ?o ni?eueii
c ?ai?oeaieie ?a/aiiyie, ia’?aeioth/e ?a/aiiy oeio “Aaaaoi ni?aa” c
?a/aiiyie oeio “Ni?aa!”. Iaaaaeai? ?a/aiiy ni?aaae? ii?aeio?
aecenoaioe?eii-eaaioeoaoeaia naiaioeea, oi/ no?oeoo?ii oe? ?a/aiiy
nooo?ai ?ic??ciythoueny.

Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy — oea aeneiaeaiiy, i?aaeeeaoeaiee oeaio?
yeeo noaiiaeoue e?euee?nii-?iaiia neiainiieo/aiiy (eaaioeoaoeaiee
eiiiiiaio + ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie), ui ?aae?co?oueny aeaiia eiioi?eaoeaieie
aa??aioaie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue no?oeoo?iei noaiai:Quantit + Ngen//
Ngen + Quantit.

Naiaioeea noai ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue Quantit + Ngen// Ngen +
Quantit (noaie noaa?aeaeoaaeueiiai ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaiiai ?a/aiiy) oa
NegQuantit + Ngen// Ngen + Neg Quantit (noaie caia?a/iiai
?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaiiai ?a/aiiy) oi?io?oueny ia?aaeon?i aenie?oeeoii
ae?aaeaiei eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii, ui noa? aecia/aeueiei,
iaeeaaeath/enue ia caaaeueio naiaioeeo aooo?aino? ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue.

Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaiee eiiiiiaio ? aieiaiei /eaiii ?iaiieo
iaeiineeaaeieo eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue, ye? ?aae?cothoueny o iiaeaii?
aeaiia eiioi?eaoeaieie aa??aioaie: c neioaene/ii ia?ic/eaiiaaieie oa
neioaene/ii ?ic/eaiiaaieie eiiiiiaioaie.

sse ? ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy (c ?iie?oeeoiei ae?aaeaiiyi eaaioeoaoeaiiai
aeyaeaiiy aoooy noanoaioe??), ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy (c
aenie?oeeoiei ae?aaeaiiyi aoooy noanoaioe??) ?aae?cothoueny o iiaeaii?
aeaiia oeiaie ?a/aiue ca oa?aeoa?ii ia?aaea/? i?aaeeeaoeaieo a?aeiioaiue
— noaa?aeaeoaaeueieie ? caia?a/ieie. Noaa?aeaeoaaeuei? ? caia?a/i?
?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ciei iaai?ii
no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae, iniaeeainoyie naiaioeee oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? noaa?aeaeoaaeuei? ?a/aiiy no?oeoo?ii? noaie
Quantit + Ngen// Ngen + Quantit ?ai?acaioiaai? a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e
iia? o?noueia no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieie iiaeaeyie: 1)Quantit + Ngen//Ngen
+ Quantit c eaaioeoaoeaiei /ene?aieeiaei eiiiiiaioii: Caie? o ian n?i
aeanyoe?a (A.Ea?oea-Iniia’yiaiei); Noinio aei??a o iiooeao oaaa
(O.Naaa?ithe); 2) Quantit + Ngen// Ngen + Quantit c eaaioeoaoeaiei
?iaiieeiaei eiiiiiaioii: Ni?oo — ii?a, ii?a aiiiio-aoii?o
(N.Aaneeue/aiei); 3) Quantit + Ngen// Ngen + Quantit c i?ene?aieeiaei
eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii: A?iio aaaaoi, aeiuo iaei (Ia?. oa.); Aaaaoi
ooio — iaei oaiea (Ia?. oa.); 4) Quantit + Ngen// Ngen + Quantit c
o?acaieia?ciaaiei neiainiieo/aiiyi o ?ie? eaaioeoaoeaiiai eiiiiiaioa:
A?ioae — iiai? eeoai? (I.Iaeiaae). O iaia ni?aa — ii ai?ei (?ici.); 5)
Ngen + Quantit c eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii — ii??aiyeueiei cai?ioii:
Caei?ia’y — ye e?o iaieaeaa (I.?uaiei); 6) Ngen + Quantit c
eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii — o?acaieia?ciaaiei ?a/aiiyi, ye-io: ?eae —
oi/ a?aaeth aaoe (Ia?.oa.).

I?i?iaeueia no?oeoo?ia noaia caia?a/ieo ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue
NegQuantit + Ngen// Ngen + Neg Quantit ?aae?co?oueny /ioe?ia
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieie iiaeaeyie: 1) Ngen + i? (ai?) c /ene?aieeiaei
eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii: A?ioae — i? iaei??? a?eai? (?ici.); 2) Ngen
+ Prongen c eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii — caia?a/iei caeiaiieeii
(i?eeiaoieeii): Oeiioe?a — aeiaeiiai. Ei?eno? — i?yei? (?ici.); 3)Ngen +
i? (ai?) c ?iaiieeiaei eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii: Ae?ia i? oai?inoeie
(TH.Oaaeueeiae/); 4)Ngen + i? (ai?) + o?acaieia?ciaaia niieo/aiiy ?c
cia/aiiyi i??e, e?eueeino?: Nio — i? ia aieinie (Ia?.oa.); Uanoy — i? ia
iaeiaa ca?ii… (Ae.Aaaecee); I? ioee aeiaiueee, i? nie? ae?iaeiee, i?
ai??eee ?ineiee (Ia?. oa.).

Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy c aooo?aei cia/aiiyi iathoue iaeii/eaiio
oa aeai/eaiio naiaioe/i? no?oeoo?e. Aieiaiee eiiiiiaio iaeii/eaiii?
naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e noaiiaeoue ia?ic/eaiiaaia ii?aeiaiiy eaaioeoaoeaa
oa ?ai?oeaa, ye-io: Neea-neeaiia c??ie o iaa? (I.Aii/a?). O aeai/eaiieo
no?oeoo?ao, ui iaceaathoue aoooy i?aaeiao?a o aecia/ai?e /e iaaecia/ai?e
e?eueeino?, naiaioe/iee noa’?eo ae?aaeaiee ?ai?oeaii, a naiaioe/iee
i?aaeeeao — eaaioeoaoeaii. Iai?eeeaae: Ia?iaeo — oueia (O.Naaa?ithe).

A iniia? naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue
aeae?ey?oueny i?aaeeeao (eaaioeoaoea) ? noa’?eo — iin?e i?aaeeeaoeaii?
iciaee — ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie.

Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy ooieoe?iiothoue a iniiaiiio o ?iciiaiiio
noee?, aeei?enoiaothoueny a ae?aeia?/iiio oa iiiieia?/iiio aiioe?eii
caaa?aeaiiio iiaeaii?.

O aeniiaeao i?aenoiiaothoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ia??oioiao?oueny naiino?ei?noue ?nioaaiiy ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue ye
ie?aiiai oeio neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue, i?ea?iaeueieo nai?th
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iith, naiaioe/ii-neioaene/iith oa eiioi?eaoeaiith
aoaeiaith.

Aeniiaee

1. Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy ?ai?acaioiaai? a oe?a?inuee?e iia? aeaiia
no?oeoo?ieie i?aeoeiaie: 1) ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy c ?iie?oeeoii ae?aaeaiei
eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii (?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy) oa 2) ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy c
aenie?oeeoii ae?aaeaiei eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii
(?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy).

2. Caa??aath/e iaci?iiei na?e iniiaiee neioaene/iee ea?ean, /e
i?aaeeeaoeaiee i?i?ioi, ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy iathoue caeaoi?noue
?icai?oaoeny ??cieie a?aiyie — iiaeaeueieie, /aniaeie e aeayeeie ?ioeie,
ooai?thth/e ?aaoey?i? ?aae?caoe?? aai eiioi?eaoeai? aa??aioe.

3. Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy — ie?aiee oei iaeiineeaaeieo ?iaiieo no?oeoo?,
a?aiaoe/iei cia/aiiyi yeeo ? aooo?a?noue, a oi?iith — iacaeaaeiee
?iaeiaee a?aei?iie a iiceoe?? i?aaeeeaoeaiiai oeaio?o.

4. A?aiaoe/iei cia/aiiyi noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue ?
noaa?aeaeaiiy aoooy i?aaeiaoa, ui ae?aaea?oueny o oi?i? oaia??oiueiai
/ano ae?eniiai niiniao. Oea neeaaea? ?o aeeeooiia cia/aiiy. Iiaeoniei
cia/aiiyi aeine?aeaeoaaieo no?oeoo? ? eaaioeoaoeaia cia/aiiy (ae?aaeaiiy
iaaei??iiai e?euee?niiai aeyao i?aaeiao?a /e yaeu), ui ia?aaea?oueny
a?aeiia?aeiith aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaiith ?ioiiaoe??th, aeaoeaie oa
/anoeaie.

5. A?aiaoe/iei cia/aiiyi caia?a/ieo ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue ? caia?a/aiiy
?nioaaiiy, aoooy i?aaeiao?a. Iniiaieie ae?acieeaie caia?a/aiiy ?
iaaaoi?e — /anoee i?, ai?, caia?a/i? caeiaiieee aeiaeiee, i?yeee,
caia?a/iee i?ao?en i?-, ai?- a caeiaiieeiaeo ooai?aiiyo oiui.
Eaaioeoaoeaia iciaea a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaea aooe aecia/aia ye
ioeueiaa.

6. Yai?oeaiei noaa?aeaeoaaeueiei oa caia?a/iei ?a/aiiyi i?eoaiaiia iaaia
nenoaia niaoe?ae?ciaaieo no?oeoo?ieo noai oa iiaeaeae c ??ciei nooiaiai
iioe?aiino? (i?ene?aieie iioe?thaa/aie oa aeaoa?i?iaioaie).

7. Yai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy ae?aaeathoue noaa?aeaeaiiy /e
caia?a/aiiy aoooy c aenie?oeeoii ae?aaeaiei eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii.
Nai?th neioaene/iith i?e?iaeith aiie aeecuee? aei ?ai?oeaieo
iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue ? iiaeooue aooe aeae?eai? a ie?aiee ??ciiaeae
eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue, ine?eueee i?aaeeeaoeaia yae?i oaeeo ?a/aiue
noaiiaeoue ia nai ?ai?oea, a /ene?aiee /e ?iaiiee c e?euee?niei
cia/aiiyi aai /ene?aieeiai-?iaiia niieo/aiiy.

8. Yai?oeai? oa ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy, caa??aath/e ?aei?noue
no?oeoo?ii? noaie Ngen oa Ngen + Quantit, ?aae?cothoueny /a?ac iaai?
nenoaie no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeae o ?acoeueoao? aca?iiae?? ??cieo
iiaeeo?eaoe?e (c /anoeaie, aeaoeaie, iiaoi?aie oiui).

9. Ca’ycie e?euee?nii-?iaiii? no?oeoo?e ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaiiai
?a/aiiy c aenie?oeeoiei eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii oa ?ai?oeaii? c
?iie?oeeoii ae?aaeaiei eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii i?inoaaeo?oueny ye o
ieai? ?o iioiaeaeaiiy (?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy iiaeooue aooe aeciai?
aoi?eiieie iiaoaeiaaie ia iniia? ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo), oae ? a
ieai? ?o no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? oa ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeaii?
ni?aa?aeiiniino? ia no/aniiio aoai?. Iath/e ni?eueia a?aiaoe/ia
cia/aiiy, oe? ??ciiaeaee ?ic??ciythoueny niaoe?ae?ciaaieie
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieie iiaeaeyie, ye? aeineoue iiaii ?ai?acaioiaai?
neioaene/iith nenoaiith no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o iia? oai??a I.Eiaeeyinueei?// Oai?/?noue
I.Eiaeeyinueei? o eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei? oa na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e/ aei
125-??//y c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ienueiaiieoe?: Oace aeiiia?aeae ?
iia?aeiieaiue ?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? (24-26 eenoiiaaea
1988 ?ieo). — *a?i?aoe?, 1988. — N.27-28.

2.Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o iia? oai??a I.I.Eioethaeinueeiai//
I.Eioethaeinueeee ? na?oiaa eoeueoo?a: Oace iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. —
*a?i?a?a, 1989. — N.57-58

3.Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o iia? oai??a A.A??i/aiea// E?oa?aoo?a oa eoeueoo?a
Iie?nny: Oace iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. — I?aeei, 1989. — N.40-41

4.Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o iia? oai??a A?eai?a Othothiieea// A?ea??
Othothiiee: Oace aeii. ?ani. iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/aii? 60-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ienueiaiieea. — Eoaainuee,
1991. — N.32-33.

5.Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o iia? oai??a Aei?i?iai? *aeee// Aei?i?iaa *aeea ?
?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e: Oace i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??. — Oa?nii, 1991. — N.21-22.

6.?.?.Ia??iei i?i iniaeeaino? caia?a/ieo eiino?oeoe?e oe?a?inueei?
iiae// Aeooiaia ? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue ?.?.Ia??iea a
eiioaeno? oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy: Oace
aeiiia?aeae. — Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1992. — N. 159-161.

7.Aeni?aneaia ooieoe?y ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue o iia? oai??a Inoaia Aeoi?

// Naoe?a ? aoii? a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e o?aaeeoe??: Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? (11-12 o?aaiy 1994 ?.). —
*a?i?aoe?, 1994. — N. 278-279.

8.Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o iia? oai??a ienueiaiiee?a Aoeiaeie// Oe?a?inueea
iiaa ia Aoeiaei?: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
160-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy TH??y Oaaeueeiae/a (13-15 aeiaoiy 1994
?.). — *a?i?aoe?, 1994. — N. 36-37.

9.No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue oe?a?inueei?
iiae// Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa
nooaeaio?a, i?enay/aii? 120-??//th canioaaiiy *a?i?aaoeueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (4-6 o?aaiy 1995 ?.). — *a?i?aoe?, 1995. — N. 90-91.

10.Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?// No?oeoo?a oa
naiaioeea iiaieo iaeeieoeue o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aniaeo?: Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — *a?i?aoe?, 1996. — N.127-134.

11.Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy o iia? oai??a Ean? Oe?a?iee// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
neioaeneno: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio., i?enay/aii? 85-??//th i?io.
?.?.Neeiueea. — *a?i?aoe?, 1997. — N.70-72.

12.Eaaioeoaoeaii-?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia?// I?iaeaii?
ieoaiiy neioaeneno: Ca??iee noaoae. — *a?i?aoe?, 1997. — N.77-83.

13.Aei i?iaeaie ?ai?oeaieo ?a/aiue// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?aiaoeee:
Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue. — Aei.2. — Ee?a-E??iaia?aae, 1997. — N.174-180.

14.Caia?a/i? ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia?// Iaoeiaee a?niee
*a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — Aei.13. —Neia’yinueea o?eieia?y: Ca??iee
iaoe. i?aoeue. — *a?i?aoe?, 1997. — N.125-132.

15.Caia?a/aiiy oa caniae eiai ae?aaeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia?

// Aoiai?oa?ia ina?oa: oaeoi? na?oiai? ?ioaa?aoe??: Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — *a?i?aoe?, 1997. — N.
201-205.

16.C ?noi??? ieoaiiy i?i eeaneo?eaoe?th ?iaiieo iaeiineeaaeieo ?a/aiue

// Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — Aei.34. —
Neia’yinueea o?eieia?y: Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue. — *a?i?aoe?, 1998. —
N.146-150.

17.Yai?oeai? oa ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy a oeiieia?? neioaene/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e//Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — Aei.34. —
Neia’yinueea o?eieia?y: Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue. — *a?i?aoe?, 1998. —
N.112-119(O ni?aaao.).

18.Aei i?iaeaie ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue // Oe?a?inueea iiaa ia
Aoeiaei?: ?? ieioea ? no/ania. Iaoa??aee ?? Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 200- ??//th iiai? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. — *a?i?aoe?: I?noi, 1998 — N.224-233.

19.I?eioeeie iiaeaethaaiiy a neioaenen? (ia iaoa??ae? ?ai?oeaieo
?a/aiue) // Iaoa??aee VII I?aeia?iaeieo Ea?nueeeo /eoaiue (13-14 o?aaiy
1998?.) — I?aeei, 1998. — N. 136-138.

AIIOAOe?ss

?aaaithe E.N. Yai?oeai? ?a/aiiy a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa. — I?eea?iaonueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Noaoaieea, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998.

O ?iaio? cae?eniaii nenoaiiee aiae?c ?ai?oeaieo oa
?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeaieo ?a/aiue no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ieo, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo oa
eiioi?eaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a. Aeae?eaii no?oeoo?i? noaie,
iienaii iniiai? iiaeae? ?ai?oeaieo noaa?aeaeoaaeueieo ? caia?a/ieo
?a/aiue c ?iie?oeeoiei oa aenie?oeeoiei eaaioeoaoeaiei eiiiiiaioii,
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?o iiceoe?eio e naiaioe/io no?oeoo?o, ?aii-oaiaoe/io
aoaeiao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ai?oeai? ?a/aiiy, ?ai?oeaii-eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy,
eaaioeoaoeai? ?a/aiiy, iaeiineeaaei? ?a/aiiy, ?iaii? ?a/aiiy,
aecenoaioe?ei?noue, eaaioeoaoeai?noue, no?oeoo?ia noaia, iiaeaeue
?a/aiiy, neioaene/ia ia?aaeeaia.

AIIIOAOeEss

?aaaithe E.N. Aaieoeaiua i?aaeeiaeaiey a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee ycue. — I?eea?iaoneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ei. A.Noaoaieea — Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1998.

A ?aaioa inouanoae?i nenoaiiue aiaeec aaieoeaiuo e
aaieoeaii-eaaioeoaoeaiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee nia?aiaiiiai oe?aeineiai ycuea n
o/?oii eo oi?iaeueii-a?aiiaoe/aneeo, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneeo e
eiiioieeaoeaii-ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia. Auaeaeaiu no?oeoo?iua noaiu,
iienaiu iniiaiua iiaeaee aaieoeaiuo ooaa?aeeoaeueiuo e io?eoeaoaeueiuo
i?aaeeiaeaiee n eiieeoeeoiui e yenieeoeeoiui eaaioeoaoeaiui eiiiiiaioii,
i?iaiaeece?iaaia eo iiceoeeiiiay e naiaioe/aneay no?oeoo?a,
?aii-oaiaoe/aneia no?iaiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaieoeaiua i?aaeeiaeaiey, aaieoeaii-eaaioeoaoeaiua
i?aaeeiaeaiey, eaaioeoaoeaiua i?aaeeiaeaiey, iaeiininoaaiua
i?aaeeiaeaiey, eiaiiua i?aaeeiaeaiey, yecenoaioeeaeueiinoue,
eaaioeoaoeaiinoue, no?oeoo?iay noaia, iiaeaeue i?aaeeiaeaiey,
neioaene/aneay ia?aaeeaia.

Summary

Rabaniuk L.S. Genetive sentences in Modern Ukrainian-Manuscript.

The dissertation for conferring the scientific degree of Candidate of
Fhilological Sciences speciality 10.02.01 — the Ukrainian language. —
Prykarpatsky State University named after V.Stefanyk — Ivano-Frankivsk,
1998.

The systematic analysis of genitive and genitive-quntative sentences in
Modern Ukrainian taking into account formal-grammatical and
structural-semantic aswell as communicative —functional parameters has
been carried out.

The structural schemes have been defined and the basic patterns of
genitive affirmative and negative sentences with implicit and explicit
quantative component have been described, their positional and semantic
structure, rheme-theme structure have been analysed.

Key words: genitive sentences, genitive-quantative sentences, quantative
sentences, one-member sentences, nominative sentences, existensiality,
quantativity, structural schemes, sentence pattern, syntactical
paradigm.

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