OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Oa?ai A?eai??e A?oae?eiae/

OAeE 621.384.52

AAIA?AOI?E ICIIO IA AEAA??TH*IIO ?IC?ssAe? AOIINOA?IIAI OENEO OA AeAssE?
ANIAEOE ?O AEEI?ENOAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.09.13 — oaoi?ea neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo
iie?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ieaciiai? aeaeo?ii?ee oa iiaeo iaoiae?a
i?enei?aiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o «Oa?e?anueeee
o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo» (?IAIII IIOe «OOO?»), I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

Aieioa Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo ieaciiai? aeaeo?ii?ee oa iiaeo
iaoiae?a i?enei?aiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o «Oa?e?anueeee
o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo», ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii?
ia??aiiaaaeii? ieaciio?i??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Ieoaeeaiei Aieiaeeie? Noaiaiiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? oa yaea?ii? o?ceee.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

Aieei Ieeiea ?aaiiae/,

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee ?inoeooo «Iiei?y»
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ia/aeueiee
a?aeae?eaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo oaoiieia?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee ?
oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo aaaeeiai aeaeo?iiaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy I?i?noa?noaa
i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 16 » a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 14.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.08 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith 310002, i. Oa?e?a
aoe. O?oica 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 1 » eenoiiaaea 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aietho A.O.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie, i?iaeaie caa??aaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? oa ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy ieoiith aiaeith,
aacia/iith o nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iiio oa oieneeieia?/iiio a?aeiioaii?
aeoaea aino?i noiyoue a Oe?a?i?. Oe? i?iaeaie noaee ua aino??o? a
ca’yceo c oyaeeith aeieia?/iith neooaoe??th, yea neeaeany aiane?aeie
*i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa??? oa cia/iiai aio?iiiaaiiiai oa i?e?iaeiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy aeaea?ae aiaeiiinoa/aiiy.

Oei?oaaiiy ieoii? aiaee, yea o?aaeeoe?eii aeei?enoiao?oueny a Oe?a?i?,
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? oiene/ieo oei?i?aai?/ieo
niieoe, ye? aeyaeythoue iooaaaii? oa eaioea?iaaii? aeanoeaino?, ui
iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia caei?ia’y ethaeeie. Iaeiei c iaeaoaeoeai?oeo
cania?a ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue ? canoinoaaiiy neeueiiai oa aeieia?/ii
/enoiai ieenethaa/a, yeei ? icii. Icii ? a?eueo neeueiei
aeac?ioaeoaioii, i?ae oei?. Oiio niaeo? caa?oaeiaiue, ye? a?i aoaeoeaii
aeaeaey?, cia/ii oe?oee, a oaeaee?noue eiai aca?iiae?? c aaaaoueia
eeanaie i?aai?/ieo niieoe, oaeiae, ye ? aeeaeia ?o aeano?oeoe??, cia/ii
aeu?, i?ae i?e oei?oaaii?. A?i ia? ae?aaeaio nii?i-, aaeoa??i- oa
a??oe?oeeaeio ae?th, yea ia?aaeuo? ae?th oei?o. Iniiaiith ia?aaaaith
iciioaaiiy ? a?aenooi?noue ooai?aiiy iia?/ieo oei?i?aai?/ieo niieoe o
ieoi?e aiae?, oiio aeei?enoaiiy iciio aeieia?/ii aacia/ia.

Aiaeiii, ui iciiaoi?e iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e ia?iaoei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeoia c iaoith ciaoeiaeaeaiiy
oioiiaoaaaiii? iie?ioei?e caaaeyee cieaeaiith caaaeueiiai ianaiaiiiiy
iiaa?oii, a oaeiae aeey ai?ioueae ?c oe?aeieeaie caian?a ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo? oa ian?iiy. Cai?ia iaaacia/ieo oa eiooiaieo io?ooio?i?eao?a,
ye? ca?ac aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ciaca?aaeaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe??, ia ciaca?aaeaiiy aeieia?/ii /enoith iciiiiia?o?yiith
noi?ooth ? aeoaea aeooaeueiith caaea/ath.

O ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao ?nio? oe?ieee niaeo? iciiaoi?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy
?icii? iiooaeiinoi oa ?iciiai i?ecia/aiiy. Oeae ?eiie aeoaea aeeiai?/iee
? oaiie eiai c?inoaiiy o iao /an aeoaea aenie?. Oae, yeui o 80-o? ?iee o
na?o? iae?/oaaeinue aeecueei 20 ae?iaiee?a iciiaoi?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, oi
ca?ac ?o e?euee?noue c?inea o aeanyoee ?ac?a oa iae?/o? a?eueo i?ae 300
o??i, ye? ?icoaoiaaii aieiaiei /eiii o NOA, O?aioe??, I?ia//ei?,
Eaiaae?, ssiii??, ?oae?? oa aeayeeo ?ioeo e?a?iao. Aieiaieie ae?iaieeaie
iciiaoi?ia ? ei?ii?aoei? “PCI“, “Osmonics“, “Biozone“, “DEL“, “Ozonair“,
“Ozotech“, “Azno Industries“ (NOA), ”Mitsubisi Denki”, “Toshiba”,
“Fuji“, “Hitachi“, “Nippon“ (ssiiiiy), BBS, “Carbagas“ (Oaaeoea?iy), “
“Wecantech” (Oaaoe?y), eiiiaii? “Trailigaz” oa “Ozonia International”
(O?aioeiy), “Masser gration”, “Wedeco“ (Iiia//eia), “Ontario Hydro“
(Eaiaaea), “Eo?aainueeee caaiae oiii/iiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy” (?iniy). Oni
aiie aeioneathoue iciiaoi?ii onoaiiaee eeane/iiai oeio c aa?’??iei
?ic?yaeii.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui a Oe?a?i? ia ?nio? aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa
iciiaoi?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy. I?ae oei caaacia/aiiy niiaeeaa/?a iciiaoi?iei
iaeaaeiaiiyi, ca aenia?oieie aeniiaeaie, o 1997 ?. noaiiaeei iaio i?ae
5% a?ae ??/ii? iio?aae, oa caaeiaieueiyeinue ca ?aooiie iinoaaie
iciiaoi?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aai ?c-ca ei?aeiio, aai c ?in??. Oiio, ?ic?iaea
aoaeoeaieo oa iaae?eieo iciiaoi??a ? noai?aiiy iaaei?iaiai ae?iaieoeoaa
iciiaoi??a ? aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi aeey Oe?a?ie.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? neeaee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiaii o iaaeao
Iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie “E?eoe/ii oaoiieiai?”, yea caoaa?aeaeaia
Iinoaiiaith Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia ? 310 aiae 16.05.94 ?., «I?ia?aie
aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o noa?? aenieeo
oa e?eoe/ieo oaoiieia?e», yea caoaa?aeaeaia iaeacii I?i?noa?noaa c
ieoaiue Iaoee oa Oaoiieia?e ?72 a?ae 17.03.97 ?. oa «I?ia?aie ?ia?o ii
aoiii?e iaooe? oa oaoi?oe?» yea caoaa?aeaeaia iaeacii I?i?noa?noaa c
ieoaiue Iaoee oa Oaoiieia?e ?274 a?ae 23.09.97 ?.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano neioaco iciio o aeaeo?iaei?e nenoai?
“aieea-ieiueia” c iiceoeaiei iioaioe?aeii ia aieoe? oa i?eaaaeai?e
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey E/N70100 Td (ui a?aeiia?aea?
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey A23 IA/i).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a, c yeeo aeaioiaeaii aeaeo?iaee, oa aea??
iaea?eueo no?eeeo ? iaae?eii i?aoethth/eo a iciii-iia?o?yiiio
na?aaeiaeu?.

Iioei?caoe?y eiino?oeoe?? aeaeo?iaeii? nenoaie aaia?aoi?a neioaco iciio
ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo.

?ic?iaea nenoaie aeeaeaiiy aaia?aoi?a neioaco iciio.

?ic?iaea aaia?aoi??a iciio i?iaeoeoeai?noth 10 a oa 300 a iciio ia
aiaeeio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? ia?iaee iciio o aaia?aoi?ao ia aeaa??th/iio
?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo cai?iiiiiaaii niaoe?aeueio oi?io aeaeo?iae?a
ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o neioaco iciio, aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii
iaoa??aee aeaeo?iae?a oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeai? aeey
aeiaaino?ieiai? ?iaioe ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o.

Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii oa iioei?ciaaii aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e aeaeo?iae?a ?
a?aenoaiue i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie o ieaciio?i?/iiio ?aaeoi?? neioaco iciio ia
aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo.

Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii caeaaei?noue i?iaeoeoeaiino? iciiaoi??a ia
aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo oa eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio ia ?o
aeoiae? a?ae iiooaeiino?, yea aeeaaeaia o ?ic?yae.

?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aenieiaieueoiiai aeeaeaiiy aaia?aoi?a iciio ia iniia?
?aciiainiiai ?iaa?oi?a c eiao?oe??ioii ei?enii? ae?? a?eueo i?ae 90%.

?ic?iaeaii oa aeaioiaeaii aaia?aoi?e iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae?
aoiinoa?iiai oeneo i?iaeoeoeai?noth 10 a oa 300 a iciio ia aiaeeio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?ic?iaeai? oa aeine?aeaeai? aaia?aoi?e neioaco iciio ia aeaa??th/iio
?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo iiaeooue aooe oe?iei aeei?enoai? o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? aeey ai?ioueae ?c oe?aeieeaie caian?a
ca?iiai? i?iaeoeoe??, i?e caa??aaii? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? oa aeey
ia?aaeiin?aii? ia?iaee ca?ia ? ian?iiy, ia?iaee ioaoiee?a oa
oaa?eiieoeueeeo i?ei?uaiue, aeaceioaeoe?? oa aeaciaei?aoe?? aiaee, aeey
ciaca?aaeaiiy i?e noooe? oa caa??aaii? oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a ? oa?/iaeo
aeii?oie, o iaaeeoeei?.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o i?iaaaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie
o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a o aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a neioaco iciio ia aeaa??th/iio
?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa aeiaaaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?eueo iioeiaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ?aaeoi??a
neioaco iciio oa iaoa??aee, c yeeo aeaioiaeaii aeaeo?iaee. Aeine?aeaeaii
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a neioaco iciio
oa c?iaeaii aeniiaee i?i oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? i?ae no?oiii oa iai?oaith
o aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? i?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo oa caeaaeiino?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iciiaoi??a ? eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio a?ae iiooaeiino?, yea
aeeaaeaia o ?ic?yae. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa ?ic?iaeaii iniiai? i?eioeeie
nenoaie aenieiaieueoiiai aeeaeaiiy ia iniia? ?aciiainiiai ?iaa?oi?a aeey
ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o. A?aei?aoeueiaaii ?yae iaoiaeee canoinoaaiiy
iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny ia 23-e I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? ii o?ceoe? ieacie oa ea?iaaiiio oa?iiyaea?iiio neioaco
(Ee?a, 1996 ?.), ia 3-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c ?aaeoeaii? ieacie
oa 14-io neiiic?oi? c o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a (Ia?a, ssiii?y, 1997 ?.), 14-e
?a?iiaene?e eiioa?aioe?? ii aoiii?e oa iieaeoey?i?e o?ceoe? ?ii?ciaaieo
aac?a (Iaeaoaeae, ??eaiae?y, 1998 ?.), I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? ii
aenieioaiia?aoo?i?e ieaciio?i?? aenieiai oeneo (Ei?e, ??eaiae?y, 1998
?.), 6-io I?aeaea?aeaaiiio nai?ia?? “Ieaciiaa aeaeo?ii?ea oa iia?
iaoiaee i?enei?aiiy” (Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.). ?aea?, ye? aeei?enoaii o
?ic?iaeao nenoai aeeaeaiiy aaia?aoi??a iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae?
aoiinoa?iiai oeneo caoeuai? aaoi?nueeei na?aeioeoaii oa iaoaioii Oe?a?ie
(a.n. N?N? ?15600017 a?ae 14.01.1988 ?, iaoaio ? 23187 A a?ae 19.05.98
?ieo).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 ?ia?o. C ieo 6 noaoae o oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 135 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo oa
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? naie
aeiaeaoe?a oa i?noeoue 32 ?enoiee ? 5 oaaeeoeue. A?ae?ia?ao?y neeaaea?
92 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iieacaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
oi?ioeth?oueny ?? iaoa, aeeeaaeaii ieai aeena?oaoe?? oa i?eaaaeaii
iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ”Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo” iiaeaii iaeyae
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo ii o?ceei-o?i?/iei aeanoeainoyi iciio, iien aeayeeo
eiino?oeoe?e aaia?aoi??a neioaco iciio i?ia?aeieo o??i, iai?yiee ?
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iciiaoi??a oa iciiiaeo oaoiieia?e.

O ?acoeueoao? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiooeo aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ic?iaea
iciiaoi??a i?iaiaeeoueny o iai?yieo i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa
cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao ia neioac iciii-iia?o?yii? aai iciii-eeniaai?
noi?o?, oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e ?o aeei?enoaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? ?iaioe. Aieiaieie iai?yieaie oaeineiiaeaiiy noaiaea?oieo
iciiaoi??a ? aea?? iaoa??aeo ae?aeaeo?e/iiai aa?’??o, ia?ao?ae ia
i?aeaeuaio /anoioo ci?iii? iai?oae (3-5 eAoe). Aiae?c aeaea?ae
?ioi?iaoe?? aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeaa??th/ee ?ic?yae aeey
i?iieneiaeo iciiaoi?ieo i?eno?i?a ia aeei?enoiao?oueny. Oea aea?
iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe iiia?aaei? aeniiaee i?i ioi?iiicaeaoi?noue oaie oa
iiaeeea?noue ?? aeeiiaiiy ia ??ai? aeiaoiaeo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ”Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a o
ieaciio?i?/iiio ?aaeoi?? ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo”
iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a o aaia?aoi?ao
neioaco iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo. Iiaeaii
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o oeio aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo, ui ? iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiei aeey aaia?aoe?? iciio. I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th oi?ie oa
iaoa??aeo aeaeo?iae?a ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a. Iioei?ciaaii aaiiao??th
ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o. Aea/aii aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a. Aea/aii niaeo?e aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaa??th/iai
?ic?yaeo o iia?o?? i?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo.

I?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an aei o?ceee aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo o eeni? oa eiai
noi?oao iia’ycaiee c iiooeii oeyo?a ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iciiaoi??a.
Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeacothoue ia
oa, ui aoaeoeai?noue neioaco iciio a oiiaao ia’?iiiai naiino?eiiai
?ic?yaeo aoiinoa?iiai oeneo cia/ii aeua, i?ae o eeane/iiio aa?’??iiio
?ic?yae?. Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui a oiiaao iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii?
ia??aiiaaaeii? ieacie, eiee na?aaeiy aia?a?y aeaeo?ii?a, ye i?aaeei, ia
ii?yaeie oa a?eueoa ia?aaeuo? oaieiao aia?a?th, caaaeyee caoaeaeaiith
eieeaaeueieo nooiai?a naiaiaee iieaeoe, ? iiaeeea?noue i?enei?aiiy
o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e, caeeoath/e aac oieiaeiei, ui cia/ii ciaioo? aeo?aoe
aia?a?? ia aeo?ae e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo ?aaeoe??.

Na?aae onueiai ??ciiiai?ooy aeae?a aaciaeo ?ic?yae?a, aeaa??th/ee
?ic?yae a?aecia/a?oueny eaae?noth noai?aiiy neeueii ia??aiiaaaeiiai
noaio neaai?ii?ciaaiiai aaco, c aaeeeei a?ae?eaii aeaeo?iiii?
oaiia?aoo?e Te a?ae oaiia?aoo?e aaco Tg ( OaOg). Oey aeanoea?noue
iia’ycaia c iayai?noth aeinoaoiuei aeniei? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai
iiey A o ?ic?yaeiiio i?ii?aeeo, ui caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio ?ii?caoe?th
aaco, oiaoi noai?th?oueny aeinoaoiy e?euee?noue aeaeo?ii?a c aoaeoeaiith
aia?a??th, iaiao?aeiith aeey caoaeaeaiiy oa ?ii?caoe?? aaciai? noi?o?.
Oeiiaa cia/aiiy i?eaaaeaiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey E/N o ?ic?yaeiiio
i?ii?aeeo aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo noaiiaeoue 10100 Td (aea E —
iai?oaeai?noue iiey o ?ic?yaeiiio i?ii?aeeo, N — na?aaeiy aonoeia /anoie
oiiiaiai aaco, 1 Td i?eaeecii aei??aith? 10-17 Ani2). Aeey ?aae?caoe??
oaei? aeniei? i?eaaaeaii? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeaeo?iaeio nenoaio oeio ”aieea-ieiueia”
oa aenieioaeaee?nio i?iea/eo aaciai? noi?o?.

Ine?eueee, oa?aeoa?ia aia?a?y aeaeo?ii?a neeaaea? 3 10 aA, oi aeey
iaai?o oaei? aia?a?? aeaeo?iio iaiao?aeii i?ieoe a aeaeo?e/iiio iie? A
a?aenoaiue l = /(eE). Aeiaaeeia l ia? iacao aia?aaoe/ia aeiaaeeia
i?ia?ao aeaeo?iia (na?aaeiy aeiaaeeia i?ia?ao aeaeo?iia a aeaeo?e/iiio
iie? A), ia a?aei?io a?ae o?ainii?oii? aeiaaeeie i?ia?ao , oiaoi
na?aaeiuei? aeiaaeeie i?ia?ao aeaeo?iia ii a?aeiioaiith aei ?aeaenaoe??
?iioeueno. I?e eEl = Tg aiie ca’ycai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi l=/ (aea =2m/M,
m — iana aeaeo?iia, I- iana iieaeoee), c yeiai aeieeaa?, ui o ?aaeueieo
oiiaao iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? ia??aiiaaaeii? ieacie cae/aeii aeeiio?oueny
oiiaa l.

Oea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?aeaeaa? oie oaeo, ui aeaa??th/ee ?ic?yae cae/aeii
?aae?ciaoaaany a ?ic??aeaeaieo aacao, eiee o?ainii?oia aeiaaeeia
a?eueiiai i?ia?ao aeaeo?ii?a aaeeea ? aeaeo?ii ia? /an, uia iaa?aoe
aia?a?th *, yea iaiao?aeia aeey ?ii?caoe?? aaco. I?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo
iayai?noue ?ioaineaieo c?oeiaiue c /anoioith =Nve ii?yaeeo 1011 n-1 oa
iaea o?ainii?oia aeiaaeeia i?ia?ao aeaeo?iia = (N)-1 (aea —
o?ainii?oiee ia?aoei ?icn?thaaiiy), iio?aao? aeinoaoiuei aeniei?
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey E104 A/ni aeey iaai?o aeaeo?iiii
oa?aeoa?ii? aia?a?? * e()-1 E/N.

AEaa??th/ee ?ic?yae i?e noae?e iai?oc?, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iioe?aiiyi ?ii?caoe?? ia oaanue i?ii?aeie, aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe aaeee?
ia’?ie neaai?ii?ciaaiiai aaco i?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo. O oeueiio ?ic?yae?
iiaeeeai ooai?aiiy o aaeeeeo e?eueeinoyo aoiia?iiai eenio. Iiaeeco
aeaeo?iae?a ?icoaoiaaii oae caaiee i?eaeaeo?iaeiee oa?, a yeiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny iniiaia iaae?iiy iioaioe?aeo. Ooo o neeueiiio
aeaeo?e/iiio iie? a?aeaoaa?oueny i?enei?aiiy oa ?iciiiaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a,
a eaac?iaeo?aeueia ieacia ua ia noi?iiaaia.

Iiceoeaiee noiai o aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? yaey? niaith eaac?iaeo?aeueio
ieacio, yea caeia? iaeaea oaanue ?ic?yaeiee i?ii?aeie. Oey iaeanoue
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith aeaeo?e/iith i?ia?aei?noth oa neeueiith
ia??aiiaaaei?noth ieacie. Nooi?iue ia??aiiaaaeiino? ieacie
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?aeiioaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e aeaeo?ii?a Oa aei oaiia?aoo?e
aaco Og. O neaai?ii?ciaai?e ieaci? aca?iiae?th aeaeo?ii?a c ?iiaie
iiaeia ia a?aoe aei oaaae. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui naia oe? oiiae
iaiao?aei?, eiee aeey aoaeoeaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e iio??aia
aeniea canaeai?noue eieeaaeueieo ??ai?a iieaeoe, oiaoi eiee i?e
eieeaaeueiiio caoaeaeaii? iieaeoe ??cei c?inoa? oaeaee?noue i?io?eaiiy
o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e caaaeyee cia/iiio cieaeaiith aia?a?? aeoeaaoe??.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe oaeiae, ui o aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? ia?iaeth?oueny ia
ii?yaeie iaioa ieene?a acioo, i?ae o aa?’??iiio ?ic?yae?, oiio
iciiiiia?o?yia noi?o, yea neioaco?oueny o aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? ?
aeieia?/ii /enoith.

I?e cia/ieo aia?aiaeeaaeao o ?ic?yae a?aeaoaa?oueny neeueiee ?ic?a??a
aaco oa noai?aiiy i?eaaaeeaeo oiia aeey ?icaeoeo iano?eeinoae. Aeey
iiaeaaeaiiy oaieiaeo iano?eeinoae oa ciaioaiiy oa?ii?iceiaeaiiy iciio
iaiao?aeii i?aeo?eioaaoe iioeiaeueio oaiia?aoo?o aaco (ia a?eueo Oiio =
400 N). Ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie ?ic?yaeiiai i?ii?aeeo c iaoith ca?eueoaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio ia aea? aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, oiio ui o oeueiio
aeiaaeeo ia? i?noea neeueiee ?ic?a??a aaco aiec ii iioieo ?, ye
iane?aeie, ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio. I?eeiath/e oea aei oaaae aoei
?ic?aoiaaii iioeiaeueio aeiaaeeio ?ic?yaeo L, yea aecia/a?oueny
iaea?eueoei cia/aiiyi aia?aiaeeaaea : L = (Tiio — Tg)cggvg / ,
aea cg — ieoiia oaiei?ie?noue, g — aonoeia, vg- oaeaee?noue aaco, j —
aonoeia no?oio.

Aoei aeine?aeaeaii aieea aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ieaciio?i?/iiai
?aaeoi?o (aeiaaeeia ?ic?yaeii? ciie, a?aenoaiue i?ae aiiaeii oa
eaoiaeii, a?aenoaiue i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie aiiaeo, eoo iaeeiio aeaeo?iae?a
aiiaeo) ia no?oi o ?ic?yae?, oa iiooaei?noue, yea aaaaeaia o ?ic?yae.

A?aeiii, ui a oiiaao aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo o iia?o?? ia?iaeth?oueny
aeoaea aaaaoi o?i?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, ye? ?oeiothoue oa io?oththoue
iaoa??ae aeaeo?iae?a. Oiio, aea?? iaoa??ae?a aeaeo?iae?a a?a? aeoaea
aaaeeeao ?ieue aeey aeiaaino?ieiai? noaa?eueii? ?iaioe ieaciio?i?/iiai
?aaeoi?o. O iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ie caa?oaee iniaeeao oaaao ia
iaea?aeaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio c iaei??? /a?oiee
naeoe?eiaaiiai aeaeo?iaea ? ia ?icoe?aiiy ae?aiaciio noaa?eueiiai
ai??iiy ?ic?yaeo (oiaoi ??cieoeth i?ae iai?oaith ia?aoiaeo a ?ne?iaee
?ic?yae oa iai?oaith caiaethaaiiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo). I?e an?o
iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao aenia?eiaioo ?ic?yaeiee no?oi caeaaeaa a?ae iaoa??aeo
aeaeo?iaea. Oea iiynith?oueny a?aei?iith ai?n?eieo aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi?
aeaeo?iae?a, ye? aeeiiaii c ??cieo iaoa??ae?a. I?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo ia
iiaa?oi? aeaeo?iae?a eaaei ooai?th?oueny ie?aea ieneae?a, yea ?
ae?aeaeo?eeii oa ia? a?eueo aenieee eiao?oe??io ai?n??, i?ae iaoae.

Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao iaoa??ae?a aeaeo?iae?a ia oiiae ai??iiy
aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo aenieiai oeneo aoei ni?iaeoiaaii oa noai?aii
naeoe?eiaaiee eaaeic’?iiee aiiaeiee iiaeoeue aeey ieaciio?i?/iiai
?aaeoi?a, yeee eaaei aeicaieya ci?ithaaoe iaoa??ae, c yeiai aoee
aeaioiaeai? aie/ao? aeaeo?iaee.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaio?a iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieie iaoa??aeaie aeey aeaioiaeaiiy aiiaeo
ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a ? noaeue O18I10O, W, Mo, O?.

O?ce/i? oiiae ai??iiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo aoiinoa?iiai oeneo neeueii
caeaaeaoue ye a?ae iaoa??aeo aeaeo?iae?a, oae ? a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o. I?iyaeaiiy ??cieo iaoai?ci?a
ai??iiy ?ic?yaeo aeyaey?oueny o ??ciiia?oo? oi?i ai??iiy ?ic?yaeo, oiaoi
o iiaeeeaino? ?nioaaiiy noaa?eueiiai ai??iiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo, oa
??ci?e iai?oc? ia?aoiaeo aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo a ?ne?iao oi?io c ?inoii
no?oio. I?e oeueiio, i?e ia?aoiae? a ?ne?iao oi?io ?ic?yae
eiio?aao?oueny, ia ?ic?yae? iaaea? iai?oaa, ?ic?yae ia?anoa? aooe
ia’?iiei ? caeia? aocueeo ae?eyieo o i?inoi??. A ?ne?? a?aeaoaa?oueny
neeueiee ?ic?a??a aaco, ciaioo?oueny nooi?iue ia??aiiaaaeiino? oa
ii?ooothoueny iioeiaeuei? oiiae neioaco iciio.

An? oe? i?iyae caciathoue neeueio caeaaei?noue a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o:

a) ?ici???a aie/aoeo aeaeo?iae?a;

a) a?aenoai? i?ae aie/aoei aeaeo?iaeii oa i?ioeeaaeiei aeaeo?iaeii;

a) e?ieo i?ae aie/aoeie aeaeo?iaeaie.

Caeaaei?noue a?ae aieeao ?ici???a aie/aoiai aeaeo?iaea iia’ycaia c
iaiao?aei?noth noai?aiiy o i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiio i?inoi?? iai?oaeaiino?
iiey, yea aeinoaoiy aeey ?ii?caoe?? aaco ? i?aeo?eiee iioeiaeueiiai
cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a E/N.

Aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aie/aoeie aeaeo?iaeaie ??ciiai
?ici??o, c?iaeaieie c iie?aaeaio, aieueo?aio, i?ae? oa oeoaio.

Aeey e?ieo i?ae aie/aoeie aeaeo?iaeaie: 8 ii, 12 ii, 15 ii ? ae?aiao??a
0.1ii, 0.5 ii, 1 ii, 2 ii aoee iaea?aeai? ianooii? aeai?. Aeey ae?aiao?a
0.1 ii i?aeoe/ii ia aaeaaaeiny no?eei caiaethaaoe aeaa??th/ee ?ic?yae.
?ic?yae i?aeoe/ii c?aco ia?aoiaeea a ?ne?iao oi?io. Oea naia
niinoa??aa?oueny ? aeey aeaeo?iae?a ae?aiao?ii 2 ii. Oi/a ?ne?iaee
i?ia?e a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e a?eueo aenieeo i?eeeaaeaieo iai?oaao. Aeey
ae?aiao??a aeaeo?iae?a 0,20,7 ii ia? i?noea no?eea ai??iiy ?ic?yaeo oa
aoaeoeaia ia?iaea iciio.

sse?nii oaea ea?oeia iiynith?oueny oae. Aeey ?ii?caoe??
i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiai i?ii?aeeo iaiao?aeii iaaia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o E/N.
Aeey aie/aoeo aeaeo?iae?a iai?oaeai?noue iiey iiaeia ioe?ieoe ye E U/d
(aea d — oa?aeoa?iee ?ici?? aieee). I?ioa, i?e iaeeo d iai?oaeai?noue
iiey neeueii c?inoa? ? a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ioaineaia ?ii?caoe?y iiaeeco
aeaeo?iaeo. Aeaeo?iie aeoiaeyoue c i?eaeaeo?iaeii? iaeano? ca ?aooiie
ae?aeoo. Aea i?e aeinoaoi?e nooiai? ?ii?caoe?? ca ?aooiie iaioi?
?ooiiino? ?iie ia anoeaathoue ae?aeooaaoe ca aeaeo?iiaie ?
a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeiie/aiiy ca?yaeo oa ae?aioaaiiy aeaeo?iaea. Oiio,
cai?noue d o ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeey iai?oaeaiino? iiey iaiao?aeii
i?aenoaaeoe dao. — aoaeoeaiee ?ici?? aeaeo?iaea, yeee aecia/a?oueny ?c
?icaeyaeo aaeaino i?eoiaeo aeaeo?ii?a ca ?aooiie ?ii?caoe?? oa aeoiaeo o
?acoeueoao? ae?aeoo. A iane?aeie oiai, ui dao. d, oi o ?acoeueoao? o
i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiio i?ii?aeeo aoaea cieaeaia iai?oaeai?noue iiey ?, oiio,
cia/aiiy E/N ia aeinoaoiuei aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo.
?acii c oei, no?eaiiy iaeiieaiiai ca?yaeo i?eaiaeeoue aei ?ne?iaiai
i?iaith ?ic?yaeiiai i?ii?aeeo.

Aeey ae?aiao?a aeaeo?iae?a 2 ii o?ce/ia ea?oeia ?ic?yaeo ?ioa.
Aoaeoeaia iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai iiey aecia/a?oueny aaea ia
?ici??ii aie/aoiai aeaeo?iaea, a i?aeaeaeo?iaeiei i?ii?aeeii: A = U/h
(aea h — i?ii?aeie i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie aeey aaiiao??? “aieea — ieiueia”)
oa aiia ia aeinoaoiy aeey aoaeoeaii? ?ii?caoe??. Oiio, aeey caiaethaaiiy
?ic?yaeo iaiao?aeii i?eeeaaeaoe a?eueo aenieo iai?oao /e cieaeoaaoe oene
aaco, uia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a A/N a?aeiia?aeaei na?aaei?e aia?a??
aeaeo?iia a?eueo i?ae e?eueea aA, oiio a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ne?iaee i?ia?e
i?ii?aeeo ? oaca aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo ia ianoa?.

?icoaooaaiiy aie/aoeo aeaeo?iae?a a?aeiinii ieiueie oa oaa i?ae
aeaeo?iaeaie (a) iaoiiaeth? aaiiao??th iiey a ?ic?yaeiiio i?ii?aeeo. I?e
aaeeeiio e?ioe? i?ae aie/aoeie aeaeo?iaeaie ?o aca?iiaieea aeyaey?oueny
neaai ? iiea a ieieeoe? eiaeiiai aie/aoiai aeaeo?iaea a?aeiia?aea? iieth
aeey aaiiao??? aeaeo?iaeii? nenoaie “aieea — ieiueia”. I?e ciaioaii?
oaao i?ae aie/aoeie aeaeo?iaeaie ?o aca?iiaieea c?inoa? ? iai?oaeai?noue
iiey a?ey aie/aoiai aeaeo?iaea neaaia oa iaaeeaea?oueny aei
iai?oaeaiino? iiey aeey aaiiao??? aeaeo?iaeii? nenoaie “aio? — ieiueia”.
A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
aeey noaa?eueiiai ai??iiy ?ic?yaeo iaiao?aeii aeeiiaiiy oiiae ah (aea h
— i?aeaeaeo?iaeiee i?ii?aeie). Aeey oiia aoiinoa?iiai oeneo o
?ic?yaeiiio i?ii?aeeo a?aenoaiue i?ae aieeaie aiiaeo iiaeiia aooe o
iaaeao 815 ii, a a?aenoaiue i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie — o iaaeao 1015 ii.

Oaeei /eiii iieacaii, ui eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino? ieaciio?i?/iiai
?aaeoi?o oa niaoe?aeueiee aea?? iaoa??ae?a aeaeo?iae?a aeicaieeee
aeinyaoe noaa?eueii? aeiaaino?ieiai? ?iaioe iciiaoi?a.

Aeey aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a aoee ?ic?iaeai? oa aeaioiaeai? aea? iiaeae?
?aaeoi?ieo eaia? ia iniia? nenoaie aeaeo?iae?a “ aieea-ieiueia”. Oe?
?aaeoi?e a?ae??ciyeenue oa?aeoa?ii ?ooo aaciaiai iioieo ? i?ecia/aeenue
aeey noai?aiiy aeniei? oa iecueei? eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio.

I?e iaeeo oieao oa iecuee?e oaeaeeino? aaciaiai iioieo vg < 1 i/n aaciaee ?ic?yae o iao?e ?ic?yaei?e aaiiao??? ?nio? o aeaeyae? ei?iiiiai ?ic?yaeo c iiceoeaiei ca?yaeii a ia’?i?. I?e oeueiio no?oi ei?iie aecia/a?oueny aii??e/iith caeaaei?noth I = A*Ue(U - Ue), aea -A - eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino?, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae neeaaeo aaco oa aaiiao??? ?ic?yaeo, U - iai?oaa ia aeaeo?iaeao, Ue - iai?oaa caiaeaiiy ?ic?yaeo ei?iie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iaeeo oaeaeeinoyo i?iaeoaaiiy aaco noaae?y aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo ia ?aae?co?oueny, a ei?iiiee ?ic?yae c?aco ia?aoiaeeoue a ?ne?iaee. I?e a?eueo aenieeo oaeaeeinoyo aaciaiai iioieo (10 i/n oa a?eueoa), ?aae?co?oueny oaca aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo. Ae?eyiea aieueo-aiia?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, yea a?aeiia?aea? aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yaeo, iieno?oueny ia eaaae?aoe/iith, ye o aeiaaeeo ei?iiiiai ?ic?yaeo, a aeniiiaioe?eiith caeaaei?noth ? eiai aii??e/iee ae?ac ia? aeaeyae: I = I0exp(K(U - U0)), aea I0 - cia/aiiy no?oio i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae ei?iiiiai ?ic?yaeo o aeaa??th/ee, E - eiao?oe??io, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee ?ic?yaeo, U0 - iai?oaa ia?aoiaeo a?ae ei?iiii? oi?ie ?ic?yaeo o aeaa??th/o. A?aeiii, ui ia?iaea aeoeaieo /anoie o ?ic?yae? caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o. A?aoiaoth/e, ui aieueo-aiia?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo iathoue c?inoath/ee oa?aeoa?, oiaoi ?c ca?eueoaiiyi iai?oae c?inoa? ? no?oi, ii?? ieacie c i?aeaeuaiiyi no?oio ciaioo?oueny. Ioaea, aonoeia aeaeo?ii?a c?inoa?, a i?iii?oe?eii aonoei? aeaeo?ii?a c?inoa? ? e?euee?noue aeoeaieo ?aaeeeae?a, ui iai?aoeueiaothoueny, o oiio /ene? ? iciio. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e i?aeaeuaii? oeneo iia?o?y ona?aaeei? ?aaeoi?o, a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?uaiiy ?iai/i? ae?eyiee aieueo-aiia?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iciiaoi?o a iaeanoue a?eueo aenieeo cia/aiue iai?oae. I?e oeueiio, oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaeoi?o ye?nii ia ci?iththoueny. Anoaiiaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueio caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio a?ae i?eeeaaeaii? iiooaeiino?. Aeey oaeaeeino? aaciaiai iioieo a?eueo i?ae 5 i/n io?eiaia i?yiii?iii?oe?eia caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ae aeeaaeaii? ieoiii? iiooaeiino? a ?ic?yae aeey o?eniaaiiai ?ic?yaeiiai i?ii?aeeo n= w (aea n - eiioeaio?aoe?y iciio, 1/ - iiooaei?noue, yea iaiao?aeia aeey ae?iaieoeoaa 1 a iciio ca aiaeeio, w = W/G - ieoiia iiooaei?noue ?ic?yaeo, W - aeeaaeaia a ?ic?yae iiooaei?noue, G - aeo?aoe aaco /a?ac ?ic?yaeiee i?ii?aeie). Oaeiae aoea io?eiaia caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio a?ae ieoiii? iiooaeiino? i?e iaeeo oaeaeeinoyo aaciaiai i?iaeoao (iaio i?ae 0.5 i/n). Caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio n a?ae ieoiiiai aia?aiaeeaaeo w, yeee aeeaaeaii o ?ic?yae i?e ??cieo aeo?aoao aaco Q iiaeaii ianooiiith oi?ioeith n=n0(1-exp(-/n0*w)), aea n0 - eiioeaio?aoe?y iane/aiiy. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui e?euee?noue aeo?a/aii? iiooaeiino? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa 1a O3 ciaioo?oueny ?c ciaioaiiyi i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiai i?ii?aeeo. Oae, i?e ?iaio? c aoiinoa?iei iia?o?yi, aeey i?ii?aeeo oe?eiith h=15 ii eiao?oe??io 1/ noaiiaeoue 16 Ao/a O3 , a aeey h=8ii - 1/=10 Ao/a I3 . Eiioeaio?aoe?y iciio ?a?no?oaaeanue ii iiaeeiaiith oeueo?ao?ieaoiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia aeiaaeei? oaee? 253,7 ii oa ci?ithaaeanue a?ae 0 aei 13 a/i3. Aeey ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aoea noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia i?ia?aia. Ia/enethaaeenue eiioeaio?aoe?y iciio, aoaeoeai?noue ia?iaee iciio. I?ae /an ?nieo?a iia?o?y a ?aaeoi? iiaeaaaeinue oanoe?ai/aoei eiii?ani?ii, yeee iaa?oaany aeaeo?iaeaeaoiii iino?eiiai no?oio. Oea aeaaaei iiaeeea?noue caaacia/eoe ieaaia ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aoe iia?o?y /a?ac ?aaeoi? o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? (01,5 i3/oaee.). Ia eiaeiiio ?aaeei? ?aaeoi? i?aoethaaa ii 8 aiaeei. Aei??thaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue /a?ac eiaeio aiaeeio ?iaioe oa a?aeenue na?aaei? cia/aiiy aaee/ei, ui aei??ththoueny. A ia’?iiiio naiino?eiiio ?ic?yae? neeaaeathoueny oiiae aeey aoaeoeaii? aeenioe?aoe?? iieaeoey?iiai eenith oa ia?iaee o?i?/ii aeoeaieo ?aaeeeae?a I, I3 o anueiio ia’?i? ?ic?yaeii? iaeano?, a ia o?eueee a iaeaiuee?e iaeano? no?eia??a, ui nooo?ai i?aeaeuo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue onoaiiaie ii neioaco iciio. A ia’?iiiio aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? noai?ththoueny oiiae, i?e yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiaa iaea/ea eieeaaeueieo nooiai?a naiaiaee iieaeoe eenith oa iiaeaeueoa ?o aeenioe?aoe?y ye ca ?aooiie c?oeiaiiy oaeeo neeueii caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe c o?ao?ie o?eaie, oae ? ca ?aooiie aeenioe?aoe??, yea aeieea? i?e c?oeiaii? c iecueei aia?aaoe/ieie aeaeo?iiaie. Oea noai?th? oiiae aeey aoaeoeaii? aeenioe?aoe?? iieaeoey?iiai eenith ? ia?iaee iciio (I3) o anueiio ia’?i? ?ic?yaeii? iaeano?. Oea ciaioo? aeo?aoe aia?a?? ia ooai?aiiy iciio oa ?noioii i?aeaeuo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue aaia?aoi??a iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae?. Aeenioe?aoe?y iieaeoey?iiai eenith a?aeaoaa?oueny, a iniiaiiio, c aeaio aeaeo?iiieo ??ai?a A3u (6.09 yA) e A3u+ (4.9 yA), c iiaeaeueoei ooai?aiiyi iciio o ?acoeueoao? o?e/anoeiai? ?aeiia?iaoe?? c oa?aeoa?iei /anii ooai?aiiy iciio 10 n oa aia?aiaeo?aoaie ia ooai?aiiy iciio 3.0 e 4.2 yA/I3 (oai?aoe/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iciiaoi?a aeey oeeo aeiaaee?a noaiiaeoue 700 e 500 a/eAo*aiae, a?aeiia?aeii). Aeine?aeaeaiiy niaeo??a aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo aoiinoa?iiai oeneo i?iaiaeeeeny ia noaiae?, yeee neeaaeaany ?c aeeo?aeoe?eiiai iiiio?iiaoi?a IAe?-12O, aenieiaieueoiiai aeieo aeeaeaiiy, aeieo ?aa?no?aoe?eieo i?eno?i?a oa ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o, a yeiio caiaethaaany ?ic?yae. O ?acoeueoao? aoei iaea?aeaii e?i?? niaeo?o aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo o iia?o?? i?e oeneo 1 aoi. o aeaeei?e oa oeueo?ao?ieaoia?e iaeanoyo (190 ii590 ii). Aiae?c e?i?e niaeo?o aeicaieea ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe niaeo?aeuei? e?i??, ui aei?ii?ithaaeeny, cie?aia ?aeaioeo?eiaaii e?i?? ae?oai? iiceoeaii? nenoaie acioo II+ ( N2(C3Iu) N2(B3Ig)), nenoaia (-wmetafile8? ??g??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`???? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ”Iienaiiy iciiaoi?ieo onoaiiaie ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo i?iaeoeoeai?noth 10 a oa 300 a iciio ia aiaeeio” iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee oa aeaii iienaiiy ni?iaeoiaaieo oa aeaioiaeaieo i?iieneiai-aenia?eiaioaeueieo iciiaoi?ieo onoaiiaie i?iaeoeoeai?noth 10 a oa 300 a iciio ia aiaeeio, ye? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey iio?aa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, i/enoee, iaacca?aaeoaaiiy ? aeaciaei?aoe?? aiaee oa iia?o?y, ia?a?iaee ? caa??aaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? oa oaea ?ioa. Iaaaaeaii aeie-noaio iciiaoi?a i?iaeoeoeai?noth 10 a iciio ia aiaeeio, aeaii iienaiiy iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai. Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii nenoai? aenieiaieueoiiai aeeaeaiiy, ia yeo iaea?aeaii iaoaio Oe?a?ie. O ninoaa aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy aoiaeyoue ieaoa ia?aoai?thaa/a oa ieaoa oi?aae?iiy. Iiaeeeai i?aeeeth/aiiy ieaoe oaeia?a oa ieaoe ?iaeeeaoe??. Ieaoa ia?aoai?thaa/a c?a?aia ca noaiith iai?aiinoiaiai ?aciiainiiai ?iaa?oi?a. Oaea noaia aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe aeaea?aei aeeaeaiiy ia iiooaeiino? aei 500 Ao. Aei ?? ia?aaaa iiaeia a?aeianoe oa, ui o ia?aeii?e iaiiooe? neeiaiai o?ainoi?iaoi?a a?aenooiy iino?eia neeaaeiaa. Iiaeciith cai?iiiiiaaiiai ??oaiiy ? oa, ui i?ae i?aeaeuoth/ith iaiioeith neeiaiai o?ainoi?iaoi?a iaiioaia aeiaeaoeiaa iaiioea, yea ?acii c eiiaeainaoi?ii, yeee aeeth/aii ?e ia?aeaeueii, ooai?th? eieeaaeueiee eiioo?. Eieeaaiiy ?aciiainii? /anoioe ooai?ththoueny o ia?aeiiiio eiioo??, yeee neeaaea?oueny c ia?aeiii? iaiioee o?ainoi?iaoi?a ? aeiaeaoeiai? iaiioee, a iio?i ?aciiainii ia?aaeathoueny o aoi?eiio i?aeaeuoth/o iaiioeo o?ainoi?iaoi?a, c yeiai iiooaei?noue /a?ac eaneaaeiee iiiaeoaa/ aeniea iai?oaa aei 20 eA i?e no?oi? o iaaaioaaeaii? aei 25 iA iinooia? ia ?aaeoi? neioaco iciio. Eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? nenoaie neeaaea? a?eueo i?ae 90 %. Aeae? iaaaaeaii iienaiiy iniiaieo aeie?a oa nenoai, ye? aoiaeyoue aei iciiaoi?ii? onoaiiaee i?iaeoeoeai?noth 300 a iciio ia aiaeeio. Iaaaaeaii no?oeoo?io noaio nenoaie aenieiaieueoiiai aeeaeaiiy oa aeaii ?? iniiai? oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aieiai? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee iciiaoi?ii? onoaiiaee ia 300 a I3/aiae: - ?iai/ee aac- iia?o?y- i?iaeoeoeai?noue ii iciio, a/aiae- aei 300- ianiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y iciio, ia/i3- aei 1000- aeo?aoe aiaee ia ioieiaeaeaiiy, i3/aiae- iaia?- niiaeea/a iiooaei?noue, ia a?eueo, eAo- 5- iai?oaa aeeaeaiiy, A- 220/380- i?iaeoeoeai?noue eiii?ani?ii? onoaiiaee, eoa. i/aiae - aei 300- ??cieoey oeneo, eIa- 25-30- iai?aoethaaiiy ia a?aeiiao, ia iaioa, aiae.- 5000- ?aaeei ?iaioe- aacia?a?aieeAei neeaaeo iciiaoi?ii? onoaiiaee aoiaeyoue ie?aii ooieoeiiiaeueii aeiee, yei iia’ycaii iiae niaith o oaoiieiai/io noaio (?en. 1). ’ ’ ?en. 1. Aeie-noaia iciiaoi?ii? onoaiiaee. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ”Aeaye? aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy iciiaoi??a” iaaaaeaii noeneee iaeyae aeayeeo i?eeeaae?a aeei?enoaiiy iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo. Aaaeeeaith oa?aeoa?iith ?enith canoinoaaiiy iciio ? aaaaoiooieoeiiiaeueiinoue eiai aei?: oea i aeaceioaeoeiy, i iie?auaiiy yeinoi iiaio?y i?eiiuaiue. Iciioaaiiy aiaee aea? iiaeeea?noue caaacia/eoe iaeneiaeueio aeeaeio ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo niieoe aei iaoiene/ieo ?a/iaei, a?ieia?/ii noi?nieo c ioi/oth/ei na?aaeiaeuai. Aiaeiii, ui iciiaoi?e iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e ia?iaoei iai/ia, o?oeoia oa iioeo nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeoia c iaoith ciaoeiaeaeaiiy oioiiaoaaaiii? iie?ioei?e caaaeyee cieaeaiith caaaeueiiai ian?iai?iiy iiaa?oii iai/ia oa o?oeoia. Ia i?ioyc? e?eueeio ?ie?a iaie i?iaiaeyoueny ?iaioe ii canoinoaaiith ?ic?iaeaieo iaie iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo oa aea/aiith aieeao iciiiiia?o?yii? noi?o? ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? eoeueoo?e c iaoith iie?ioaiiy yeino? ian?ii?aiai iaoa??aeo oa ca?eueoaiiy a?iaeath. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue aea/aany ia o?eueee aieea iciio ia noiae?noue oa neeo aeeooy ian?iiy, aea ? ia ciaoeiaeaeaiiy oai?iaioai?ieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a i?e ??cieo oiiaao ia?iaee ian?iiy oa oa?i?io ?o ia?iaee. Ni?eueii c oao?aoeyie Naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/iiai ?inoeoooo OAAI (i. Iaeana) aoee i?iaaaeai? ne??iiia-aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aea/aiith iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaie iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aeey ai?ioueae c eiiaoaie (oe?aeieeaie caian?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??) ? aeey caoenoo iai/?a ? o?oeo?a a?ae i?e?iaieo iaoiaai?a i?e caa??aaii?. Ni?eueii c oao?aoeyie ?inoeoooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss. TH?'?aa (i. Oa?e?a) aoee i?iaaaeai? eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaie iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aeey cieuaiiy oe?aeiee?a aeioiiai iin?aiiai iaoa??aeo. Aeoaea caaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe aea? ia?iaea, ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo iaie iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae?, i?ei?uaiue ioaoioa?i oa oaa?eiieoeueeeo eiiieaenia. Oaeiae iaie aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii ciaca?aaeaiith oa aeii/euaiith iiaa?oiaaeo i?e?iaeieo aiae (??/ea, noaaie) iciiiiia?o?yiith noi?ooth ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo iaie iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae?. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ciaca?aaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo i?e?iaeieo aiae. Aeniiaee 1. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa ia?aa??aii aenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeeea?noue ? aenieo aoaeoeai?noue aaia?aoe?? iciio o aaia?aoi?ao ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo i?e aeei?enoaii? aeaeo?iaeii? nenoaie “aieea-ieiueia” c iiceoeaiei iioaioe?aeii ia aieoe? oa i?eaaaeai?e iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey E/N70100 Td, i?e aia?aiaeeaae? 550 iAeae/ni3, c aia?aicao?aoaie 1215 Ao/aI3 aaciina?aaeiuei c aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y aac canoinoaaiiy iiia?aaeiueiai eiai noo?iiy. 2.Iieacaii, ui aieueo?ai, iie?aaeai, oeoai oa ia?aeaa?th/a noaeue ? iaea?eueo no?eeeie oa iaae?eii i?aoethth/eie iaoa??aeaie aeey aeaeo?iae?a ?aaeoi?a neioaco iciio. 3.Iieacaii, ui eiaen?aeueia aaiiao??y ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?a neioaco iciio i?e ae?aiao?? aieie o iaaeao 0,20,7 ii, a?aenoai? i?ae aieeaie o iaaeao 815 ii, oa a?aenoai? i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie o iaaeao 1015 ii caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaio no?ee?noue aaciaiai ?ic?yaeo. 4.Iieacaii, ui o ?aaeoi?? neioaco iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? eiioeaio?aoe?y ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue ii iciio i?yii i?iii?oe?ei? iiooaeiino?, yea aeeaaeaia o ?ic?yae. 5.Cai?iiiiiaaii ? ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aeeaeaiiy aaia?aoi??a iciio ia iniia? ?aciiainiiai ?iaa?oi?a c eiao?oe??ioii ei?enii? ae?? a?eueo i?ae 90% i?e iai?oc? aei 20 eA oa nooi? o iaaaioaaeaiiy aei 25 iA. 6.Noai?aii iciiaoi?i? onoaiiaee c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo i?iaeoeoeai?noth 10 a oa 300 a iciio ia aiaeeio. 7.?ic?iaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii aeaye? iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy aaia?aoi??a neioaco iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, aiaeii?aeaioiaoe? oa oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino?. O aeiaeaoeo A iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee iciiaoi??a ??cieo i?ia?aeieo o??i. O aeiaeaoeo A iaaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ii aea/aiith aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aaeoi?a iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo. O aeiaeaoeo A iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?a neioaco iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo. O aeiaeaoeo A iaaaaeaii iniiai? e?iaoe/i? ?aaeoe?? o aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? o iia?o??. O aeiaeaoeo Ae iaaaaeaii e?i?? niaeo?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo. O aeiaeaoeo A iaaaaeaii ia?ae?e aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?o?a, oaoi?/ieo oiia oa ?io? aeieoiaioe, ye? aoei aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? iciiaoi??a. O aeiaeaoeo AE iaaaaeaii ia?ae?e aeo?a c ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeei?enoaiith iciiaoi??a ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae?. Nienie i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo caeiaoaa/ai ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. A?o?a I.A., Aieioa A.?., Ea?anue A.A., Ioo?i A.A., Iauaiei ?.A., Oa?ai A.A., Oeei N.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a neioaco iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo // Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae. - 1998. O. 43, ? 9. - N. 1187-1189. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aea/aiith aoaeoeaiino? ia?iaee iciio i?e aeiaeaoi?e oa a?ae’?ii?e iai?oc? ia aie/aoiio aeaeo?iae?. 2. Aeai/aiei I.A., Eiaaeue/oe E.E., Ieo?i/aiei A.A., Oaeea? A.A., Oa?ai A.A., Ooeeea I.A., ssoei I.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea aeeiaieee i?ioiiia a onei?eoaea n ia?aiaiii-oaciaie oieone?iaeie // Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. oaoieea oece/aneiai yenia?eiaioa. - 1985. ?3(24). - N. 28-31. Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaie aei??thaaiith oieo oa iai?oae o io/eao /anoie oa o ieaciiaeo caonoeao, ye? aoei iieeaaeaii a iniiao i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeeaaiinoe/ieo nenoai o aenieiaieueoieo aeaea?aeao aeeaeaiiy. 3. Oaeea? A.A., Oa?ai A.A., Oaeei A.Ae., *a?iaoeeee E.A. Aaia?aoi? aunieiaieueoiuo eiioeuenia ni noaaeeueiie aa?oeiie // Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. oaoieea oece/aneiai yenia?eiaioa. - 1987. ? 4(35). - N. 59-60 Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio noaa?e?caoe?? aenieiaieueoii? iai?oae, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny a nenoaiao aeeaeaiiy iciiaoi??a i?iaeoeoeai?noth 300 a I3/aiae. 4. Aieioa A.E., Ea?anue A.E., Iauaiei E.A., Oa?ai A.A., Oeei N.I., Ei/aoia E.A., Iaia?oiae/ A.I., Aeaenaiae?ia I. E. Enneaaeiaaiey aaia?aoeee iciia a aaaouai iauaiiii ?ac?yaea i?e aoiinoa?iii aeaaeaiee // Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. ieaciaiiay yeaeo?iieea e iiaua iaoiaeu onei?aiey. - 1998. - ? 1. - N. 60-64. Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci ia?aiino ca?yaeo o nenoai? aieea-ieiueia i?e noae?e iai?oc? ia aieeao. 5. Aieioa A.E., Ea?anue A.E., Iauaiei E.A., Oa?ai A.A., Oeei N.I. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo e aaciaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee oeie/aneeo ?aaeoi?ia ?acee/iuo eiino?oeoeee n ?acee/iie oi?iie yeaeo?iaeia ec ?aciuo iaoa?eaeia // Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. ieaciaiiay yeaeo?iieea e iiaua iaoiaeu onei?aiey. - 1998. - ? 1. - N. 65-66. Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii iaoa??aee aiiaeo ieaciio?i?/ieo ?aaeoi??a, iaea?eueo no?eeeo a aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeuao. 6. Aieioa A.E., Ea?anue A.E., Iauaiei E.A., Oa?ai A.A., Oeei N.I. Enneaaeiaaiey yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo e aaciaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee ieaciioeie/aneeo ?aaeoi?ia // Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?. ieaciaiiay yeaeo?iieea e iiaua iaoiaeu onei?aiey. - 1998. - ? 1. - N. 67. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeeny aei??thaaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio i?e ??ci?e iiey?iino? i?eeeaaeaii? iai?oae, aeey ??cieo iiooaeiinoae o ?ic?yae?. 7. A.n. 1560017 NNN?, IEE I 02 I 7/10. Noaaeeece?iaaiiue i?aia?aciaaoaeue iai?yaeaiey / Oaeea? A.A., Oa?ai A.A., Oaeei A.Ae. (NNN?). - ?4364050/24; Cayaeaii 14.01.1988; - 3 n. Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii noaio ?iioeuenii? noaa?e?caoe?? aeniei? iai?oae. 8. Iaoaio 23187 A Oe?a?ie, IE? N 01 13/11. Aeaea?aei aeeaeaiiy aaia?aoi?a iciio / Aa?aaeiee N.I., Aieioa A.?., Ioo?i A.A., Oa?ai A.A. (Oe?a?ia); Cayae. 20.08.96; Iioae. 19.05.98. - 2 n. Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio aeeaeaiiy aaia?aoi??a iciio ia iniia? ?aciiainiiai ?iaa?oi?a. 9. Antonov V.A., Bruev A.A., Golota V.I., Mukhin V.., Pashchenko I.A., Taran G.V., Shilo S.N. Glow investigations of high-pressure discharge with high-speed pumping // 23rd European physical society conference on controlled fusion and plasma physics. - Kiev (Ukraine). - 1996, June 24-28. - ?. j030. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeenue aei??thaaiiy niaeo??a aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo o aeaeei?e oa oeueo?ao?ieaoia?e iaeanoyo. 10. Antonov V.A., Bruev A.A., Golota V.I., Mukhin V.V., Pashchenko I.A., Shilo S.N., Taran G.V. Ozone generation in high-pressure glow discharge with high-speed pumping // 3rd International conference on reactive plasmas and 14th Symposium on plasma processing. - Nara (Japan). - 1997, January 21-24. - ?. 204. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeenue aei??thaaiiy aieueo-aiia?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo i?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo. 11. Karas’ V.I., Golota V.I., Taran G.V., Shilo S.N., Paschenko I.A. Experimental studies into electrodynamic and gas-dynamic characteristics of chemical reactors of different designs with variously shaped electrodes made of different materials // 14 - th European conference on the atomic and molecular physics of ionised gases. - Malahide (Ireland). - 1998, August 26-29. - ?. 244-245. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy no?eeino? ??cieo iaoae?a, c yeeo aeaioiaeaii aiiae ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o a iciii-iia?o?yiiio na?aaeiaeu?. 12. Karas’ V.I., Golota V.I., Taran G.V., Shilo S.N., Paschenko I.A. Investigation of electrodynamic and gas-dynamic characteristics of plasma-chemical reactors // 14 - th European conference on the atomic and molecular physics of ionised gases. - Malahide (Ireland). - 1998, August 2629. - ?. 476-477. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeenue aei??thaaiiy caeaaeiino? eiioeaio?aoe?? iciio o ieaciio?i?/-iiio ?aaeoi?? a?ae iiooaeiino?, yea aeeaaeaia o ?ic?yae, i?e ??cieo aeo?aoao iia?o?y. 13. Karas’ V.I., Golota V.I., Paschenko I.A., Taran G.V., Shilo S.N., Napartovich A.P., Kochetov I.V., Alexandrov N.L. Studies of ozone generation by travelling space discharge (TSD) at atmospheric pressure // International symposium on high pressure, low temperature plasma chemistry. - Cork (Ireland). - 1998, August 31st - September 2nd. - ?. 194-199. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeenue aei??thaaiiy aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaa??th/iai ?ic?yaeo. 14. Cayaea ia iao. 96062532 Oe?a?iu IE? A 01 N 1/08. Niin?a ciaca?aaeaiiy ian?iiaaiai iaoa??aeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? oa i?iaeoeoe?? c ia? a?ae oe?aeiee?a caian?a iciiiiia?o?yiith noi?ooth / A?eion A.E., Aania A.A., Aieioa A.E., Iaothuaiei E.A., Nooiieei A.A., Oa?ai A.A., Oeei N.I. (Oe?a?ia); Cayae. 25.06.96. Iioae. Athe. I?iieneiaa aeani?noue ?3, 1998. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy ii ciaca?aaeaiith ca?ia i?e ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo iciio oa ??cieo aeniiceoe?yo. AIIOAOe?? Oa?ai A. A. Aaia?aoi?e iciio ia aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo oa aeaye? aniaeoe ?o aeei?enoaiiy - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.09.13 - "Oaoi?ea neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo iie?a" Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999. Iaa?oioiaaia oa ia?aa??aia aenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeeea?noue ? aeniea aoaeoeai?noue aaia?aoe?? iciio o aeaa??th/iio ?ic?yae? aoiinoa?iiai oeneo o nenoai? “aieea-ieiueia” c iiceoeaiei iioaioe?aeii ia aieoe? oa A/N 70100 Td ?c cae/aeiiai iia?o?y, i?e aia?aiaeeaae? 550 iAeae/ni3. ?ic?iaeaii oa caoeuaii iaoaioii Oe?a?ie nenoaio aeeaeaiiy aaia?aoi??a iciio ia iniia? ?aciiainiiai ?iaa?oi?a c aoaeoeai?noth a?eueo i?ae 90%. Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy W, Mo, Ti oa ia?aeaa?th/i? noae? aeey aeaeo?iae?a aeicaieeei caaacia/eoe aeiaaino?ieiao ?iaioo ?aaeoi?a. I?e oeueiio, eiaen?aeueia aaiiao??y ieaciio?i?/iiai ?aaeoi?o i?e ae?aiao?? aieie o iaaeao 0,20,7 ii, a?aenoai? i?ae aieeaie o iaaeao 815 ii, oa a?aenoai? i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie o iaaeao 1015 ii i?e aoiinoa?iiio oeneo aaciai? noi?o? o ?aaeoi?? ? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith. Aeine?aeaeaii aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa niaeo?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaeoi??a neioaco iciio. Ia aac? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii oa aeaioiaeaii aeine?aeii-i?iieneia? iciiaoi?i? onoaiiaee i?iaeoeoeai?noth 10 a oa 300 a iciio ia aiaeeio. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy aaia?aoi??a neioaco iciio o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, aiaeii?aeaioiaoe? oa oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: icii, aaia?aoi?e neioaco iciio, aeaa??th/ee ?ic?yae, ?aciiainiee ?iaa?oi?, ieaciio?i?/iee ?aaeoi?, aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, niaeo?e aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?ic?yaeo. Taran G. V. Ozone generators on glow discharge of atmospheric pressure and some aspects of their application. - Manuscript. Thesis for Candidate's degree in the field of technical sciences on a specialty 05.09.13 - "A engineering of strong electrical and magnetic fields" Kharkov state politechnical university, Kharkov, 1999. Is justified and the possibility and high effectiveness of ozone generation in a decaying discharge of atmospheric pressure in a system "needle - plane" with a positive potential on a needle and A/N is checked experimentally E/N 70100 Td from an ordinary air, with power consumption 550 mJ/cm3. A power supply system of ozone generators on basis of resonance inverter with effectiveness more than 90% is protected by the patent of Ukraine. Is shown, that the use W, Mo, Ti and stainless steel for electrodes has allowed to ensure long-term work of units. Thus, coaxial geometry of plasmachemical reactor with a diameter of needles in limits 0,20,7 mm, distance between needles in limits 815 mm, and distance between electrodes in limits 1015 mm with atmospheric pressure of a gas mixture in reactor are most effective. The electrodynamics and spectrometer performances of ozone synthesis reactors are investigated. On basis of carried out investigations are developed and are made ordinary ozone installation by productivity 10 g and 300 g of ozone per hour. The techniques of use of ozone synthesis generators in an agriculture, water treatment and food-processing industry are developed. Key words: ozone, ozone synthesis generator, glow discharge, resonant inverter, plasmachemical reactor , electrodynamics characteristic, radiation spectrum of discharge. Oa?ai A. A. Aaia?aoi?u iciia ia oeathuai ?ac?yaea aoiinoa?iiai aeaaeaiey e iaeioi?ua aniaeou eo i?eiaiaiey - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.09.13-oaoieea neeueiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo e iaaieoiuo iieae, Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Iainiiaaiu e i?iaa?aiu yenia?eiaioaeueii aiciiaeiinoue e aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue aaia?aoeee iciia a oeathuai ?ac?yaea aoiinoa?iiai aeaaeaiey a nenoaia “eaea-ieineinoue” n iieiaeeoaeueiui iioaioeeaeii ia eaea e A/N 70100 Td ec iaueiiaaiiiai aicaeooa aac niaoeeaeueiiai aunooeaaiey, i?e yia?aiaeeaaea 550 iAeae/ni3. Iieacaii, /oi oeathuee ?ac?yae yaeyaony iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiui ?ac?yaeii aeey ia?aaioee iciia a eenei?iaeniaea?aeauai aaca, i?e aaia?aoeee iciii-aicaeooiie niane n ieceie (aei 1 a/i3) e n?aaeiae (aei 10 a/i3) eiioeaio?aoeeae iciia, anee n?aaieaaoue n iciiaoi?aie ia aa?uea?iii ?ac?yaea. Yooaeoeaiinoue ia?aaioee iciia a oeathuai iauaiiii ?ac?yaea i?e aoiinoa?iii aeaaeaiee, i?e iieiaeeoaeueiie iiey?iinoe iinoiyiiiai iai?yaeaiey, eioi?ia i?eeiaeaii e eaieue/aoui yeaeo?iaeai, a 1,52 ?aca auoa, ii n?aaiaieth n i?eeiaeaieai io?eoeaoaeueiiai iioaioeeaea. A ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iienea auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?ac?aaioea iciiaoi?iuo onoaiiaie aaaeaony a iai?aaeaiee iiauoaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe e oiaiueoaiey yia?aicao?ao ia neioac iciii-aicaeooiie niane e iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe ?aaiou ono?ienoa. I?e/ai, a ?acaeouo no?aiao, ca iineaaeiea aiaeu, eiee/anoai iaoaioiie eioi?iaoeee cia/eoaeueii aic?inei. Eioi?iaoeeiiiuo enoi/ieeia eioi?iaoeee i eniieueciaaiee oeathuaai ?ac?yaea a i?iiuoeaiiuo iciiaoi?iuo onoaiiaeao ia auyaeaii. Enneaaeiaaiu e iioeiece?iaaiu oi?ia e iaoa?eae yeaeo?iaeia ieaciioeie/aneiai ?aaeoi?a neioaca iciia, ?annoiyiey iaaeaeo aiiaeii e eaoiaeii e naeoeeyie aiiaea. Iieacaii, /oi oaa iaaeaeo eaieue/aouie yeaeo?iaeaie a naeoeee aiiaea e iaaeaeo naeoeeyie, i?e aoiinoa?iii aeaaeaiee, aeieaeai auoue a i?aaeaeao 815 ii, ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo aiiaeii e eaoiaeii - a i?aaeaeao 1015 ii, a aeeaiao? eaeu ninoaaeyoue 0,20,7 ii. Iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiuie iaoa?eaeaie aeey ecaioiaeaiey yeaeo?iaeia ieaciioeie/aneeo ?aaeoi?ia neioaca iciia yaeythony ia?aeaaathuay noaeue, aieueo?ai, iieeaaeai, oeoai. Eiaeneaeueiay aaiiao?ey ieaciioeie/aneiai ?aaeoi?a neioaca iciia yaeyaony iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiie a nayce n ionoonoaeai e?aaauo yooaeoia. Ai anai enneaaeiaaiiii aeeaiaciia ?anoiaea aicaeooa aeey aua?aiiuo iioeiaeueiuo aaiiao?e/aneeo ?acia?ia eaia?u ieaciioeie/aneiai ?aaeoi?a iaaethaeaeinue noieeia ai?aiea oeathuaai ?ac?yaea Enneaaeiaaiu yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee ieaciioeie/aneeo ?aaeoi?ia neioaca iciia. A iaeanoe oeathuaai ?ac?yaea ioiineoaeueii iaaieueoia oaaee/aiea iai?yaeaiey aucuaaao cia/eoaeueiia oaaee/aiea oiea e eiioeaio?aoeee iciia a aaia?e?oaiie iciii-aicaeooiie niane. I?e iinoiyiiii ?anoiaea aicaeooa eiioeaio?aoeey iciia a iciii-aicaeooiie niane ia auoiaea ec ieaciioeie/aneiai ?aaeoi?a i?yii i?iii?oeeiiaeueia iiuiinoe, aeiaeaiiie a ?ac?yae. I?e iaeeiaeiaie aeiaeaiiie a ?ac?yae iiuiinoe, n oaaee/aieai nei?inoe i?iea/ee aicaeooa eiioeaio?aoeey iciia oiaiueoaaony. Iaeiaei, iaeneiaeueiay iiuiinoue, eioi?oth iiaeii aeiaeeoue a ?ac?yae, i?e iaeiii e oii aea eiee/anoaa naeoeee aiiaea oaaee/eaaaony, /oi i?eaiaeeo e ?inoo i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe iaeiiai ?aaeoi?a. Yia?aicao?aou ia i?iecaiaenoai iciia a enneaaeiaaiiii iaie aeeaiaciia ?anoiaea aicaeooa ninoaaeee 1215 Ao/a I3. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey niaeo?aeueiuo eeiee eceo/aiey oeathuaai ?ac?yaea i?e aoiinoa?iii aeaaeaiee iieacuaaao, /oi a ?ac?yaeiii i?iiaaeooea i?enoonoaotho aicaoaeaeaiiua iieaeoeu n yia?aeae aicaoaeaeaiiuo ninoiyiee 12 yA (wmetafile8? ??S??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyya??G?? ???&? ?MathType??`????uYya?????I?eiaiaiea a ea/anoaa enoi/ieea aunieiaieueoiiai ieoaiey ieaciioeie/aneiai ?aaeoi?a neioaca iciia ?aciiainiiai eiaa?oi?a iicaieeei nicaeaoue no?oeoo?ii aeaeoth, i?e ieieiaeueiuo aeey nia?aiaiiie yeaiaioiie aacu aaaa?eoiuo ?acia?ao, nenoaio ieoaiey n EIAe aieaa 90%, eiathuoth caueou io oieiauo ia?aa?ocie a ?aaeoi?a e ?aaioathuoth a ?aaeeia noaaeeece?iaaiiiai aaia?aoi?a iinoiyiiiai oiea. Ia iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioaiu e ecaioiaeaiu iiuoii-i?iiuoeaiiua iciiaoi?iua onoaiiaee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth 10 a e 300 a iciia a /an. Aeaiiua onoaiiaee iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu i?e aeaceioaeoeee e aeaciaei?aoeee aiaeu e aicaeooa, a naeueneii oicyenoaa aeey i?aaeiinaaiie ia?aaioee ca?ia e naiyi, i?e o?aiaiee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, nooea iaiuae e o?oeoia. ?ac?aaioaiu e i?iaa?aiu yenia?eiaioaeueii iaoiaeeee eniieueciaaiey aaia?aoi?ia neioaca iciia a naeueneii oicyenoaa aeey ai?ueau n a?aaeeoaeyie caiania e aieaciyie ca?iiauo e ca?iiaiaiauo eoeueoo? i?e eo o?aiaiee e i?aaeiinaaiie ia?aaioea, a ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe aeey nooee e iaacca?aaeeaaiey ieuaauo aeiaaaie. I?iaa?aiu yenia?eiaioaeueii ecaanoiua iaoiaeeee eniieueciaaiey iciia. A /anoiinoe, iaoiaeeea aeaceioaeoeee e aeaciaei?aoeee aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo iiiauaiee e ioe/ieeia, iaoiaeeea iaacca?aaeeaaiey aiaeu, iaoiaeeea nooee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee (ii?eiaue, /aniie, a?eau, yaeiee, aa?eeinu e o. ae.). Eeth/aaua neiaa: icii, aaia?aoi?u neioaca iciia, oeathuee ?ac?yae, ?aciiainiue eiaa?oi?, ieaciioeie/aneee ?aaeoi?, yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, niaeo?u eceo/aiey ?ac?yaea.

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