I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i.I.I.AIAIIIEUeOess

?AIAO?UAA Ieoaeei ?oneaiiae/

OAeE 611.16: 11.127.013.018

AAIII?E?IOeE?EOEssOI?IA ?ONEI

I?IEA?AeA ETHAeEIE

A I?AIAOAEUeIIIO IA??IAe? II?OIAAIACO

14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.
Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aia?ee ?aai
?aaiiae/, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ?
oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaa?eo Ieaenaiae?
Naiaiiae/, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii iaoiii?oieia?? ?inoeoooo ea?ae?ieia??
?i. aeaae. I.Ae. No?aaeanea AII Oe?a?ie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaeueei Aieiaeeie? ?iieeoiae/,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? Ee?anueeiai iaaee/iiai
?inoeoooo Oe?a?inueei? Anioe?aoe?? Ia?iaeii? Iaaeeoeeie IIC Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?aaii-O?aie?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee)

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «2 » aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 13.30 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.003.04 c ii?oieia?/ieo
aeenoeeie?i i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. 0.0.
Aiaiiieueoey (Ee?a, i?. Ia?aiiae, 34, ii?oieia?/iee ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y
?3).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey (252057, i. Ee?a-57, aoe.
Ciieia?/ia, 3, noiiaoieia?/iee ei?ion).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «10» /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? A.A.*a?eania

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue. Inoaii? aeaa aeanyoe??//y oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiyaith
cia/ii? e?eueeino? i?aoeue, ye? ?noioii ?icoe?ththoue oyaeaiiy i?i
i?aiaoaeueiee ia??iae ?icaeoeo aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ??cieo
i?aai?a ethaeeie (I.I. Aia?ee ?c ni?aaao., 1989, 1991, 1995, 1998; A.A.
*a?eania ?c ni?aaao., 1995, 1998; 0.0. Oaa/aiei ?c ni?aaao., 1998; N.O.
*a?iieoeuenueeee ?c ni?aaao., 1997; E.I. Aeaaeaeaiei, 1992; B.B.
Aanueei, 1992 oa ?i.).

Oae? i?aoe? ? aeaea?aeii ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ia ye? caiaeii
iiaeooue iie?aoeny aeine?aeieee i?e aea/aii? i?iaeai ee?i?/ii?
iaaeeoeeie. A ia?oo /a?ao oea a?aeiineoueny aei a?iaeaeaii? iaoieia??,
ine?eueee ?icaeoie aoaeue-yeiai i?aaia ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaiee c ?icaeoeii
eiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea. B.B. Eoi?eyiia (1978) c oe???
iaaiaee a?aecia/a?, ui o i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco «… aeaaea
neaaia nieaeaiea aeinoaaee e?iae iiaeao iaoneiaeoue ii?iee ?acaeoey,
?acee/iua aiiiaeee e aeaaaia?aoeaiua i?ioeannu» ?, c ?ioiai aieo,
«…yia?eiiaoee, eaaeaeia ioeeiiaiea a oi?ie?iaaiee i?aaiia aeieaeii
ieacuaaoue aeeyiea ia iee?iie?eoeyoi?iia ?onei».

Aeai? i?i ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a i?aaiao aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie
aaaeeea? oaeiae aeey aeine?aeaeaiue, iia’ycaieo c oaeei iiaei
ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii o??o?a??, ye o?ainieaioaoe?y aia??iiaeueieo
oeaiei. Oea iaoiiaeaii oei, ui i?eaeeaeaiiy aia??iiaeueii? oeaieie, yea
o?ainieaioo?oueny, cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae caeiiii??iinoae
?icaeoeo a i?e e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei.

?acii c oei, i?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iieacaa, ui
iniiai? ?iaioe, a yeeo aoa aeine?aeaeaiee i?aiaoaeueiee ia??iae ?icaeoeo
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea, aeeiiai? i?e aea/aii? na?oey
oaa?ei (E.I. Aeaeaiaeea?e, 1980; E.A. Noa/aiei, B.B. Aieuiaoe, 1980;
E.A. Oaeey, 1985; A.A. Iaaeia, 1994; Z. Voboril, O.I. Schiebler, 1969;
Z. Rychter, B. Ostadal, 1971; G.A. Porter, P.W. Bankston, 1987 a, a). A
a a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo ia na?oe? aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a
ethaeeie, aieiaio oaaao neiioeaio?iaaii eeoa ia e?iaiiinieo eai?ey?ao
(I.A. O?eoiiia, 1959; C.O. Iaeiaaa, 1967, 1969, 1973; A.K. Aaa/aiei,
1973, 1980; A.A. Eaeoai, 1974; E.E. Iiaeeia, 1975; I.A. Oeeeinaie, 1976;
A.C. Aeoeon n niaao., 1980,1982; I.A. Oeiiiiei, 1988; E.A. Noa/aiei,
1989; A.Y. Aeoeon, 1993; I. Obrucnik e.a., 1972; V. Lychnovsky e.a.,
1978; R. Hirakow, 1983).

Ie?ai? aeine?aeieee aea/aee an? eaiee aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea
i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie (E.I. Oooeiaa, 1977 a, a; A.A. Eaeoai, E.I.
Iaiiiiyueo, 1979; A.Ae. Iaeiaaoeeee n niaao., 1984; 1989 a, a; A.Ae.
Ieoaeia, 1986, 1989, 1994; B.A. Eiceia, 1989, 1993; E.N. Oiiiueea, 1991;
N.?. Noaaaeuenueeee ?c ni?aaaoi?., 1993), aea a oeeo i?aoeyo ia aoa
aeei?enoaiee o iiai?e i??? iaoiae o?aini?n?eii? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??.
*anoeia oeeo i?aoeue aeeiiaia ia na?oeyo ieiae?a ethaeeie ae?oai?
iieiaeie aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo, oiae? ye a?eueo ?aii? no?iee
aea/ai? ia aoee.

E??i oiai, aeine?aeieee ia ae?eoee ?aeeii? aeoiee a?aeiinii aeaea?ae ?
no?ie?a ooai?aiiy ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei o i?iea?ae?
ethaeeie. Caeeoathoueny oaeiae ni??ieie ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c? no?ieaie
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo
i?e?inoaeei a eaiee aoi?eiiiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aoea
o?aaiaioii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. 0.0. Aiaiiieueoey ca
ieaiiaith oaiith: «Aea/aiiy aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea aioo??oi?o
i?aai?a ethaeeie c iaoith aeyaeaiiy eiai no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy i?aaiicaeaaeieo caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo i?e?inoaeei a
i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? ii?oiaaiaco» (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
018600808889).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — aea/aiiy ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae
ooai?aiiy ? ?icaeoeo aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie
ia i?ioyc? i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ooai?aiiy ia?aeiiiai
e?iaiiiniiai i?e?i?onea a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie.

2. Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? aoaeiae no?iie ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo
i?e?inoaeei ? an?o eaiie aoi?eiiiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea
i?iea?aea ethaeeie a ??ci? no?iee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo.

3. Aea/eoe aia?ia?o?oaeoii?eo aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea
ethaeeie a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa aea/aii
oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? oa a?noieia?/i? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae no?iie ia?aeiieo
e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei oa an?o eaiie aoi?eiiiai
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea ethaeeie a ??ci? no?iee
i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco. Aia?oa aeyaeaii aeia?aaeaeaiiy ca /anii
ooai?aiiy ia?oeo e?iaiiinieo noaeei o aooeao ia?aaena?aeue o ii??aiyii?
c ?ioeie /anoeiaie ia?aaena?aeue ? anoaiiaeai? eiie?aoi? no?iee, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue oeae i?ioean o ethaeeie. Aia?oa a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie
aeae?eaii aeaa oeee ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei, ye? nooo?ai
?ic??ciythoueny ca aoaeiaith no?iee. Aia?oa aeey i?iea?aea ethaeeie
anoaiiaeai? no?iee cai?uaiiy ia?aeiiiai e?iaiiiniiai i?e?i?onea
aoi?eiiei aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iei ?oneii. Aia?oa a i?iea?ae? ieiae?a
ethaeeie anoaiiaeaii oa iienaii aioo??oiueiaiaeioae?aeueiee oa
i?aeaiaeioae?aeueiee niiniae ooai?aiiy a?oiueie ?inoo e?iaiiinieo
i?e?inoaeei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Io?eiai? i?ae /an
aeine?aeaeaiiy iia? aeai?, ui noinothoueny ?icaeoeo
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a i?iea?ae? aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie,
aeiiiaiththoue a?aeii? iieiaeaiiy i?i ?icaeoie e?iaiiiniiai ?onea
na?oey.

?acoeueoaoe oe??? ?iaioe iaiao?aei? i?e aeine?aeaeaiiyo, iia’ycaieo c
a?iaeaeaiith iaoieia??th na?oey, ine?eueee aeieeiaiiy aoaeue-yei?
iaoieia?? i?aaia ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaii c? ci?iaie eiai
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea.

Anoaiiaeai? aeey i?iea?aea ethaeeie no?iee ooai?aiiy ia?aeiiiai
e?iaiiiniiai i?e?i?onea ? cai?uaiiy eiai aoi?eiiei
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iei ?oneii, eiia??ii, ? e?eoe/ieie a ?icaeoeo na?oey
? oiio noaiiaeyoue iaaiee ?ioa?an aeey aeooa??a, a?iaeieia?a ?
iaiiaoieia?a i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? a?iaeaeaii? iaoieia?? na?oey.

Io?eiai? o ?iaio? aeai? i?i e?iaiiinia i?e?i?onei i?iea?aea aia??ii?a ?
ieiae?a ethaeeie iiaeooue aeyaeoeny ei?enieie oaeiae ? i?e ae??oaii?
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi aia??iiaeueiiai aai ieiaeiaiai
i?iea?aea a o?ainieaioieia??.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaie niiniae ?i’aoee?oaaiiy e?iaiiinieo noaeei (A.n. N?N?
?1679250, A.n. N?N? ?1679252) iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ii?oieiaaie i?e
aeine?aeaeaiiyo e?iaiiiniiai ?onea i?aai?a ieiae?a ethaeeie aai
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee oa iaoeiaee i?ioeane ia eaoaae??
ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ? eaoaae?? a?noieia??, oeeoieia?? oa aia??ieia??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey, ia
eaoaae?? ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo, ia
eaoaae?? a?noieia??, oeeoieia?? oa aia??ieia?? Iieoaanueei?
noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaaia. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii cae?eniaii aiae?c
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, iaa?? iaoa??aeo, eiai ia?iaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi
?i’?eoe?eieo oa a?noieia?/ieo iaoiaeee, aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo,
ioi?ieaiiy ?iaioe. Aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineio/ia oa ii?oiiao?e/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue ia aac? eaai?aoi??? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??
IAeEOe IIO (caa. eaai?aoi???th — ae.a.i., i?io. E.I. Noa/aiei). Ni?eueii
?c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? aeniiaee ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1987-1999), ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aenia?eiaioaeueia ii?oieia?y na?oey ? e?iaiiinieo noaeei»
(Ee?a, 1989), ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iiii?
i?e?ineii?? o iaaeeoeei?» (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1989), ia III c’?cae?
aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie (*a?i?aoe?, 1990), ia
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy
i?io. I.A. Oo?eaae/a «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco» (*a?i?aoe?, 1994),
ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ?
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ooieoe?iiaeueii? aiaoii??
noaeeiii? nenoaie» (Euea?a, 1995), ia II Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an?
aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ? oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie
(Eoaainuee, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 ?ia?o (a oiio
/ene? — 4 noaoo? a ??cieo iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo
AAE Oe?a?ie, 2 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa ia aeiaoiaee, 8 ?ia?o
iioae?eiaaii o ca??ieeao i?aoeue iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e).

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 213 noi??iie, c
yeeo iniiaiee oaeno caeia? 124 noi??iee. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno iaoa??aeo ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a oa nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e, yeee i?noeoue 293 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?aea (162 ?iaioe
aeine?aeiee?a NIAe oa 131 i?aoey aeine?aeiee?a ?c aeaeueiueiai
ca?oa?aeaey). ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 2 oaaeeoeyie ? 109 i?e?ioioia?ao?yie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? na?oey 125 aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie
a a?oe? a?ae 5 oeaei?a aei 9 i?nyoe?a. Iaoa??ae io?eioaaee c
a?iaeieia?/ieo ? aeooa?nueeeo a?aeae?eaiue i. Ee?aa. A?e aia??ii?a ?
ieiae?a aecia/aee ca?aeii c aeaieie, ye? iaaaaeai? a i?aoeyo E.E. Oaeeia
(1976) ? A.Ae. Aa?aiiaa (1976). ?iciiae?e iaoa??aeo ca a?eiaeie a?oiaie
iaaaaeaiee o oaaeeoe? 1.

Aeey ia?iaee iaea?aeaiiai iaoa??aeo aoa canoiniaaiee eiiieaen iaoiae?a,
ui aeeth/aa ?i’?eoe?ei? oa a?noieia?/i? iaoiaee, o?aini?n?eio aeaeo?iiio
i?e?ineii?th, ii?oiiao?e/iee aiae?c aeaeo?iiieo i?e?ioioia?ao?e.

Aeey aea/aiiy a?o?oaeoii?ee aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea
ieiae?a ethaeeie canoiniaoaaee ?i’?eoe?th e?iaiiinieo noaeei na?oey
ooo-aeaeaoeiiaith noi?ooth, a oaeiae 0,1-0,2% ?ic/eiaie i?o?aoo n??aea.
?i’?eoe?th noaeei na?oey ?ic/eiaie i?o?aoo n??aea aeei?enoiaoaaee oaeiae
aeey aea/aiiy oi?i aiaeioae?iiea?a ??cieo eaiie aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai
?onea i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie. I?e i?iaaaeaii? oeeo iaoiae?a aoee
?ic?iaeai? aeaye? iia? i?eeiie, ye? io?eiaee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o aeaio
aeiaoiaeao.

Oaaeeoey 1

A?eiaee ?iciiae?e aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo

A?e aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie Anueiai aeine?ae-aeaii ca aeaiei
a?eii ?i’?eoe?y e?iaiiinieo noaeei ooo-aeaeaoeiiaith noi?ooth Ia?ooc?y
e?iaiiinieo noaeei ?ic/eiii i?o?aoo n??aea A?noi-eia?/i? iaoiaee
O?aini?n?eia aeaeo?iiia i?e?ineii?y oa aea/aiiy iai?aoii-eeo c??c?a

5 oeaei. 3 — — — 3

6 oeaei. 3 — — — 3

7 oeaei. 6 — — 3 3

8 oeaei.(2 i?n.) 4 — — — 4

9 oeaei. 12 3 3 3 3

10 oeaei. 9 3 3 — 3

11 oeaei. 9 3 3 — 3

12 oeaei.(3 i?n.) 13 3 3 3 4

14 oeaei. 9 3 3 — 3

16 oeaei.(4 i?n.) 9 3 3 — 3

18 oeaei. 3 — — — 3

20 oeaei.(5 i?n.) 12 3 3 3 3

24 oeaei.(6 i?n.) 9 3 3 — 3

28 oeaei.(7 i?n.) 9 3 3 — 3

32 oeaei.(8 i?n.) 12 3 3 3 3

36 oeaei.(9 i?n.) 3 — — — 3

? a c i i 125 30 30 15 50

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?noioiiia?ao?? ? aoaeiae no?iee aaiii?e?inoaeei
i?iea?aea aia??ii?a oa ieiae?a ethaeeie aoee aeei?enoai? a?noieia?/i?
iaoiaee (oa?aoaaiiy aaiaoienee?iii-aic?iii, oa?aoaaiiy i?e?iooeneiii ca
Aai-A?ciiii, oa?aoaaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie ca Iaeei??, oa?aoaaiiy
aeanoe/ieo aieieii ?aci?oeei-ooeneiii ca Aaeaa?oii, oa?aoaaiiy
a?a??io?eueieo aieieii ca Aiii??, OEE-?aaeoe?y, oa?aoaaiiy iai?aoiieeo
c??c?a iaoeeaiiaei nei?i).

Oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae aaiii?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea
aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie aea/aee ca aeiiiiiaith o?aini?n?eii?
aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??. Iaoa??ae aeey oeueiai iaoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoa ia?iaeaiee ca aeiiiiiaith caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee (A.ss. Ea?oio,
1984; A. Oeeee, 1975; A. Oiian, Ae. Ai?eiaeae, 1983). Ca aeiiiiiaith
ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co aeaeo?iiieo i?e?ioioia?ao?e aoee aeine?aeaeai?
ieiu? i?io?e?a yae?a ? oeeoiieacie aiaeioae?ioeeo?a, ieiua i?io?eth oa
na?aaeiy oiaueia aiaeioae?aeueii? aenoeeee e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a
i?iea?aea ethaeeie ia i?ioyc? 4-9 i?nyoe?a ?icaeoeo. I?e i?iaaaeaii?
ii?oiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? iaoiaeeee, ye? aoee ?ic?iaeai?
a eaai?aoi??? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? IAeEOe IIO ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey
(caa. eaai?aoi???th — ae.a.i., i?ioani? E.I. Noa/aiei).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie aei e?ioey C
i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ?nio? o?eueee ia?aeiia e?iaiiinia
i?e?i?onei, noaeeie yeiai ia aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? ia a?oa??aeuei?, aaiici?
i?e?inoaeeie ? eai?ey?e. Aeaea?aeaie ?icaeoeo ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo
i?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea ethaeeie, ca iaoeie aeaieie, ? aenoaeai?
aiaeioae??i aia??iiaeuei? i?aeo?aaaeoey?i? i?inoi?e i?iea?aea oa
e?iaiiini? noaeeie ai?ea?aea, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie A.E. Aaa/aiei
(1973, 1980), A.A. Eaeoai, E.I. Iaiiiiyuee (1979), N.?. Noaaaeuenueeiai
?c ni?aaao. (1979), A.N. Aeoeon ?c ni?aaao. (1982), A.A. Iaaeiaa (1994),
EI. Licata (1956), M. Obrocnic e.a (1972), R. Hiracow (1983). ?acii c
oei, a iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ia aoei ciaeaeaii i?aeoaa?aeaeaiue
?nioth/i? a e?oa?aoo?? oi/ee ci?o (A.N. Aeoeon n niaao., 1982; M.
Obrucnik e.a., 1972; A. Eeoiianee, E. Niiooiaa, 1977), ca?aeii c yeith
/anoeia ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea ethaeeie
ooai?th?oueny eieaeueii aaciina?aaeiuei i?ae ea?ae?ii?iieoaie. Ia iao
iiaeyae, iayai? ?iiae? a iie? ci?o eieaeueii ?icoaoiaai? na?aae
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a e?iaiiini? noaeeie ? ia ?cieueiaaii ooai?aieie a
i?iea?ae? noaeeiaie, a iiia?a/ieie c??caie ia?eoa??eieo a?aeae?e?a
aenoaeaieo aiaeioae??i aia??iiaeueieo i?aeo?aaaeoey?ieo i?inoi??a
i?iea?aea aai iiia?a/ieie c??caie e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei, eio?? a?inee
a i?iea?ae c ai?ea?aea. C?iaeai? iaie a ?yae? aeiaaee?a na??ei? c??ce
i?aeoaa?aeeee oea i?eiouaiiy.

Aea/ath/e e?iaiiinia ?onei ai?ea?aea aia??ii?a ethaeeie ye iaeia ?c
aeaea?ae ?icaeoeo ia?aeiiiai e?iaiiiniiai i?e?i?onea i?iea?aea, ie
ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui ia?aeii? e?iaiiini? i?e?inoaeeie ai?ea?aea
(i?ioieai?ey?e ai?ea?aea) ooai?ththoueny eieaeueii ?c iacaio?iieo
ee?oei. Nii/aoeo iacaio?ii? ee?oeie i?aai?ciaothoueny a oyae?. Iio?i oe?
oyae? aianoiiicothoue i?ae niaith ? ana?aaeei? ieo oi?iothoueny
i?ina?oe. Ee?oeie, ye? iaiaaeothoue oe? i?ina?oe, iinooiiai
aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a aiaeioae?ioeeoe. Ca iaoeie aeaieie
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? caeiiii??iino? ia?aa?ao oeeo i?ioean?a a ai?ea?ae?
ethaeeie a iniiaiiio ca?aathoueny c iienaieie a e?oa?aoo?? oaeeie
caeiiii??iinoyie a ?ioeo i?aaiao ethaeeie (I.I. Aia?ee ?c n?a?aaao.,
1985, 1986, 1991, 1995, 1998; A.A. *a?eania ?c ni?aaao., 1998; I.I.
Oaa/aiei ?c ni?aaao., 1998, oa ?io? aeine?aeieee c eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? IIO ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey).

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiyie niinoa??aaee aaoa?io?iii?noue ooai?aiiy
ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei o ??cieo ae?eyieao na?oey ethaeeie. Ca
iaoeie aeaieie, o aia??ii?a ethaeeie ia?aeii? e?iaiiini? i?e?inoaeeie
ooai?ththoueny a oeoii/eao ?ai?oa, i?ae a ia?aaena?aeyo, ui
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeniiaeaie M. Obrucnik, V. Lychnovsky (1977) oa M.
Obruchnik ?c ni?aaao., (1978). ?acii c oei, ie aia?oa anoaiiaeee, ui a
na?oe? ethaeeie o aooeao ia?aaena?aeue ooai?aiiy ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo
i?e?inoaeei ii/eia?oueny ia 2 oeaei? ?ai?oa ii??aiyii c ?ioeie /anoeiaie
ia?aaena?aeue. O aooeao ia?aaena?aeue ia?o? e?iaiiini? i?e?inoaeeie ie
niinoa??aaee o 5-oeaeiaaeo aia??ii?a ethaeeie, oiae? ye a ?ioeo /anoeiao
ia?aaena?aeue oe? noaeeie c’yaeythoueny, ii/eiath/e c 7 oeaeiy
aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo.

Ia iniia? aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie ie aeae?eeee aeaa
oeie ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei, ye? nooo?ai ?ic??ciythoueny
aoaeiaith no?iee. Aeey ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei ia?oiai oeio
oa?aeoa?ia iayai?noue a ?o no?ioe? o?eueee iaeiiai oa?o ee?oei. Oeae oa?
i?aaenoaaeaii aiaeioae?ioeeoaie. Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeeo noaeei a no?ioe?
ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei ae?oaiai oeio iaciai? a?ae aiaeioae?th
? ua iaeei oa? ee?oei, ye? iaaeae? aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a aeaaee?
i?ioeeoe aai a ia?eoeeoe. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aeaea?aeii ?icaeoeo ia?aeiieo
e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei ia?oiai oeio ? aenoaeai? aiaeioae??i
aia??iiaeuei? i?aeo?aaaeoey?i? i?inoi?e i?iea?aea, a aeaea?aei ?icaeoeo
ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei ae?oaiai oeio — oea e?iaiiinia ?onei
ai?ea?aea.

Ia i?ioyc? 2-3 i?nyoe?a aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo a aoaeia? no?iie
ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea ethaeeie a?aeaoaa?oueny ?yae
ci?i. Ii/eiath/e c a?ioey 7 — ii/aoeo 8 oeaeiy aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai
?icaeoeo ia aacaeuei?e iiaa?oi? aiaeioae?ioeeo?a oeeo noaeei /?oei
aecia/a?oueny iooea ?a/iaeia, yea, c iaoi? oi/ee ci?o, yaey? niaith
ia?aeiio aacaeueio iaia?aio. Neoi/aiiy oaei? ae ?a/iaeie ioi/othoue ?
aeaye? ee?oeie niieo/iioeaieiii? i?e?iaee, ye? i?eeyaathoue ciai? aei
aiaeioae?th e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei, ui na?ae/eoue i?i o/anoue oeeo
ee?oei (?acii c aiaeioae?ioeeoaie) o oi?ioaaii? aacaeueii? iaia?aie. ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi no?ieo ?icaeoeo a no?ieao ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei
i?iea?aea ethaeeie a?aei?/a?oueny ou?eueiaiiy aacaeueii? iaia?aie.

A aiaeioae?ioeeoao ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea ethaeeie
a i?ioean? ?icaeoeo iinooiiai oi?io?oueny ciiaeuei?noue oeeoiieacie,
iineeth?oueny eiiaeainaoe?y yaea?iiai o?iiaoeia, ca?eueoo?oueny
/enaeuei?noue i?e?i?a?iioeeoicieo aaceeoe. Iaeii/anii c oeeie i?ioeanaie
ci?ith?oueny oi?ia oeeo ee?oei oa ?o i???ioaoe?y ii a?aeiioaiith aei
iiacaeiaaeiuei? a?n? noaeeie. Aiaeioae?ioeeoe a no?ieao oeo noaeei, ye?
aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a a?oa??aeuei? i?e?inoaeeie, iaaoaathoue iinooiiai
aa?aoaiiiiae?aio oi?io ? i???ioothoueny nai?th aeiaaith a?nnth acaeiaae
noaeeie. Aiaeioae?aeuei? ee?oeie noaeei, ye? aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a
aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie, iaaoaathoue ?icoe?aii? iie?aiiaeueii? oi?ie ? ia
iathoue aecia/aii? i???ioaoe??.

Ca iaoeie aeaieie, aiaeioae?e ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei
i?iea?aea ethaeeie a on? aeine?aeaeai? no?iee i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco
? iaia?a?aiei.

Ee?oeie, ye? i?eeyaathoue ciai? aei aiaeioae?ioeeo?a a no?ieao ia?aeiieo
e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei ae?oaiai oeio, iinooiiai aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a
aeaaee? i?ioeeoe a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei aai a ia?eoeeoe aaiicieo
i?e?inoaeei. A no?ioe? aeayeeo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei ?icaeaa?oueny
o?aoy iaieiiea (aaeaaioeoe?eia iaieiiea), yea neeaaea?oueny c aieieii
eieaaaio oa o?a?iaeano?a.

Oaeei /eiii, ia?aeii? e?iaiiini? i?e?inoaeeie a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie
iinooiiai aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a a?oa??aeuei? oa aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie.
Iai?yiie aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ia?aeiieo aaiii?e?inoaeei coiiaeaiee, ca
aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e, aaiiaeeiai?/ieie oiiaaie, iaoaaie?/iei ?iaeoeoaaiiyi
? aaiaoe/iith aeaoa?i?iiaai?noth (A.A. Eoi?eyiia, 1969, 1978; I.I.
Aia?ee ?c ni?aaao., 1986). Iaeii/anii c oeei a?ae ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo
i?e?inoaeei ? a?ae aaea aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo a?oa??aeueieo oa aaiicieo
i?e?inoaeei ooai?ththoueny oeyoii a?oiueeoaaiiy e?iaiiini? eai?ey?e.

O i?iea?aea ethaeeie ia?o? a?oa??aeuei? ? aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie
c’yaeythoueny a e?ioe? 3 i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo. Naia a
oeae no?ie ooo ii/eia?oueny cai?uaiiy ia?aeiiiai e?iaiiiniiai
i?e?i?onea, i?aaenoaaeaiiai ia?aeiieie e?iaiiinieie i?e?inoaeeiaie aeaio
oei?a, aoi?eiiei aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iei ?oneii, yea neeaaea?oueny
c a?oa??aeueieo, aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei ? e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a.

Ia?o? a?oa??aeuei? i?e?inoaeeie a e?ioe? 3 i?nyoey i?aiaoaeueiiai
iioiaaiaco ciaoiaeyoueny a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie o?eueee a iiaa?oiaaeo eiai
oa?ao. Oeei noaeeiai ia a?aei?io a?ae a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei ae?oai?
iieiaeie aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo i?eoaiaiia a?aenooi?noue
aioo??oiuei? aeanoe/ii? iaia?aie oa i’yciaeo no?ieoa??a, a oaeiae
iie?ii?o?ci aiaeioae?ioeeo?a. Ia?o? aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie iai?ee?ioe? C
i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ?icoaoiaothoueny a iiaa?oiaaeo
oa?ao i?iea?aea ? a iaea?eueo aeeaieeo oa?ao, ye? iaaeothoue c
aiaeiea?aeii. A no?ioe? iiaa?oiaaeo aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea
ethaeeie, e??i aiaeioae?th, /?oei aeyaeythoueny ia?eoeeoe oa ?iiae?
iiiaeeiie? ee?oeie o?aouei? (aaeaaioeoe?eii?) iaieiiee — o?a?iaeanoe. O
oeae no?ie, oae naii ye ? a a?eueo i?ci? no?iee i?aiaoaeueiiai
iioiaaiaco, a no?ioe? aeeaieeo aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea ethaeeie ?
o?eueee iaeei oa? ee?oei (oa? aiaeioae?ioeeo?a), yeee ioi/aiee
aacaeueiith iaia?aiith. C iaoi? oi/ee ci?o, iiia?aaeieeaie oeeo
niaoeeo?/ieo ca aoaeiaith no?iee aeeaieeo aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei i?iea?aea
? ia?aeii? e?iaiiini? i?e?inoaeeie ia?oiai oeio. Oiae? ye ia?aeii?
e?iaiiini? i?e?inoaeeie ae?oaiai oeio aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a
a?oa??aeuei? i?e?inoaeeie oa a o? aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie i?iea?aea, ye?
iathoue, e??i aiaeioae?aeueii?, e ?io? /?oei ae?aaeai? iaieiiee.
E?iaiiini? eai?ey?e ooai?ththoueny oeyoii a?oiueeoaaiiy nii/aoeo a?ae
ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei ? a?ae aaea aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo
a?oa??aeueieo oa aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei, a iaaeae? — a?ae on?o eaiie
aoi?eiiiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie.

A e?ioe? 3 i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie
a?oa??aeuei? oa aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ? iaeeie/ieie ? ?icoaoiaothoueny
na?aae ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo ieiae?a
ieoiia aaaa a?oa??aeueieo ? aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei oa e?iaiiinieo
eai?ey??a ii??aiyii c ia?aeiieie e?iaiiinieie i?e?inoaeeiaie
ca?eueoo?oueny. A e?ioe? 5 i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo a
i?iea?ae? ethaeeie cae?i/o?oueny cai?uaiiy ia?aeiiiai e?iaiiiniiai
i?e?i?onea aoi?eiiei aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iei ?oneii. O oeae no?ie
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia ?onei a on?o ae?eyieao i?iea?aea ia?aaena?aeue ?
oeoii/e?a i?aaenoaaeaia a?oa??aeueieie oa aaiicieie i?e?inoaeeiaie ?
e?iaiiinieie eai?ey?aie.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee io?eiai? aeai? noiniaii aoaeiae no?iie an?o
eaiie aoi?eiiiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea ethaeeie a
??ci? no?iee ia i?ioyc? c 3 ii 9 i?nyoeue i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco.
Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi no?ieo ?icaeoeo a aiaeioae??
a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei a?aeaoaa?oueny noaiiaeaiiy nenoaie
o?ainaiaeioae?aeueiiai o?ainii?oo ? no?oeoo?e oeeoineaeaoa. A aeaaeeeo
i?ioeeoao iii?oii c?inoa? e?euee?noue i?io?eaiaio?a. Ou?eueith?oueny
aacaeueia iaia?aia. Noaa?e?co?oueny i???ioaoe?y ee?oei no?iee a?oa??ie.
I?e oeueiio aeiaaa a?nue aiaeioae?ioeeo?a i???ioo?oueny acaeiaae aeiaai?
in? a?oa??ie, a aeiaaa a?nue aeaaeeeo i?ioeeo?a i???ioo?oueny
ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei oe??? in?. O ciai?oi?e (aaeaaioeoe?ei?e) iaieiioe?
a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei c?inoa? ai?no aieieii eieaaaio oa
o?a?iaeano?a.

C e?ioey 5 — ii/aoeo 6 i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo a no?ioe?
a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei c’yaeythoueny aioo??oiy aeanoe/ia iaia?aia ?
i’ycia? no?ieoa?e, e?euee?noue yeeo c?inoa? c? ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo
ieiae?a. Iiyaa i’yciaeo no?ieoa??a ? ca?eueoaiiy ?o e?eueeino? aeaco? ia
oa, ui a i?ioean? ?icaeoeo a?aeaoaa?oueny aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
?aaoeyoe?? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy i?iea?aea.

E?iaiiini? eai?ey?e i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie a on? aeine?aeaeoaai?
no?iee iathoue aiaeioae?e niiaoe/iiai oeio. I?ina?o oeeo noaeei ia
iiia?a/ieo c??cao iaiaaeaiee aeaiia-o?ueiia aiaeioae?aeueieie ee?oeiaie.
Io?eiai? iaie aeai? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeniiaee E.A. Noa/aiei (1989) i?i
oa, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo ieiae?a ethaeeie a aiaeioae?ioeeoao
e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a i?iea?aea ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue i?aaiae, ui
aeeiiothoue a?eieneioacoth/o ? aia?aaoe/io ooieoe??, ? ca?eueoo?oueny
ai?no i?e?i?a?iioeeoicieo aaceeoe, ye? caaacia/othoue
o?ainaiaeioae?aeueiee o?ainii?o ?a/iaei. E??i oiai, aeai? i?iaaaeaiiai
ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co aeacothoue ia oa, ui a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie a
ia??iae c a ii 8 i?nyoeue aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo aeinoia??ii
(?<0,05) a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy ieiu? i?io?eth yae?a oa oeeoiieacie aiaeioae?ioeeo?a, ieiu? i?io?eth oa na?aaeiuei? oiaueie aiaeioae?aeueii? aenoeeee e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a (oaaeeoey 2). A i?iea?ae? ieiae?a ethaeeie ie niinoa??aaee aeaa oeie aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei. Aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ia?oiai oeio iathoue, ye i?aaeei, o?eueee iaeio iaieiieo, ui i?aaenoaaeaia iaeiei oa?ii aiaeioae?aeueieo ee?oei oa aacaeueiith iaia?aiith. ??aeei cono??/athoueny iiiaeeiie? ee?oeie niieo/iioeaieiii? i?e?iaee, ye? i?eeyaathoue ciai? aei aacaeueii? iaia?aie oeeo noaeei. Iaeiae ieoaiiy i?i oa, /e ? oe? ee?oeie neeaaeiaeie noaeeiii? iaieiiee, ? aeeneon?eiei. Aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ia?oiai oeio ?icoaoiaothoueny aaciina?aaeiuei i?ae ea?ae?ii?ioeeoaie, a ia a niieo/iioeaieiieo i?ioa?eao. Oe? i?e?inoaeeie iathoue ??cio aaee/eio i?ina?oo. Aeaye? c ieo aeinyaathoue oaeeo ?ici???a, ye? aeicaieythoue ai?uoaaoe i?ae i?ioeeaaeieie aiaeioae?ioeeoaie aeanyoue ? a?eueoa ee?oei e?ia?. Aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ae?oaiai oeio iathoue ia iaioa aeaio iaieiiie, eiaeia c yeeo i?noeoue iaeei oa? ee?oei. A no?ioe? oeeo noaeei aei aioo??oiuei? iaieiiee, ooai?aii? iaeiei oa?ii aiaeioae?ioeeo?a, i?eeyaathoue ia?eoeeoa, ye? a a?eueo e?oiieo noaeeiao ooai?ththoue iaia?a?aiee oa?. E??i oiai, a no?ioe? aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei ae?oaiai oeio, i?ina?o yeeo ai?uo? i?ae i?ioeeaaeieie aiaeioae?ioeeoaie o?e ? a?eueoa ee?oei e?ia?, ? ? o?aoy (ciai?oiy, aaeaaioeoe?eia) iaieiiea. Aei neeaaeo oe??? iaieiiee, e??i a?a??io?eueieo ? eieaaaiiaeo aieieii, ua aoiaeyoue o?a?iaeanoe. Ae?aaeai?noue iaieiiie, ui eaaeaoue iaciai? a?ae aiaeioae?th, a no?ioe? aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei ae?oaiai oeio c?inoa? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ?ici???a i?ina?oo oeeo noaeei ? a?eo ieiae?a. Aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ae?oaiai oeio ?icoaoiaothoueny a niieo/iioeaieiieo i?ioa?eao i?iea?aea. Oaaeeoey 2 Ieiu? i?io?e?a yae?a ? oeeoiieacie aiaeioae?ioeeo?a, ieiua i?io?eth oa na?aaeiy oiaueia aiaeioae?aeueii? aenoeeee e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a i?iea?aea ethaeeie ia i?ioyc? 4-9 i?nyoe?a aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo A?e ieiae?a Ieiua i?io?eth yae?a aiaeioae?ioeeo?a a ii2 Ieiua i?io?eth oeeoiieacie aiaeioae?ioeeo?a a iei2 Ieiua i?io?eth aiaeioae?aeueii? aenoeeee a iei2 Na?aaeiy oiaueia aiaeioae?aeueii? aenoeeee a iei 4 i?n. 16,85±3,47 12,82±1,69 41,09±4,02 1,71±0,23 5 i?n. 16,75±1,60 ? > 0,05 12,31±2,97 P > 0,05 38,30±2,43 P > 0,05
1,68±0,09 P > 0,05

6 i?n. 15,57±3,02 ? > 0,05 10,04±1,79 P > 0,05 36,84±5,43 P > 0,05
1,59±0,25 P > 0,05

8 i?n. 8,01±1,52 ? < 0,05 6,08±1,32 P < 0,05 18,61±4,50 P < 0,05 0,88±0,13 P < 0,05 9 i?n. 14,35±5,70 ? > 0,05 7,41±1,58 P > 0,05 23,90±1,43 P > 0,05
0,90±0,14 P > 0,05

I.A. Aeaeaaaoeoaeee ?c ni?aaaao. (1982), A.N. Aaa?eo (1986), O.A.
Aiae?aaiei (1987) aeacothoue ia oa, ui a aeao?i?oeaiiio i?iea?ae?
?niothoue aeaa aeaee aaioe — ca??i? aaioee, a no?ioe? yeeo aeia?a
?icaeiai? na?aaeiy ? ciai?oiy iaieiiee, ? aaioey?i? neioni?aee (neione),
eio?? oaeoa?ecothoueny neaaeith ae?aaeai?noth iaieiiie, ui eaaeaoue
iaciai? a?ae aiaeioae?th. C iaoi? oi/ee ci?o, aeae?eai? iaie a i?iea?ae?
ieiae?a ethaeeie aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ia?oiai oeio a?aeiia?aeathoue
iienaiei a e?oa?aoo?? aaiiciei neioni?aeai (neionai), a aaiici?
i?e?inoaeeie ae?oaiai oeio -e??iei aaioeai ? iinoeai?ey?iei aaioeai.

Ii??aiyiiy iaoeo aeaieo c aeaieie A.E. Aaa/aiei (1980), TH.E. Aoieineiai
(1988) aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe, ui aaaaoi aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei ia?oiai oeio ?
noaeeiaie Oaaac?y — ae??aieie aaiicieie noaeeiaie, ye? a?aee?eaathoueny
a ii?iaeieio na?oey aai i?aeo?aaaeoey?i? i?inoi?e.

Aeania aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?ia?o?oaeoii?ee aoi?eiiiai
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie iieacaei, ui
iaei??th ?c niaoeeo?/ieo ?en oeueiai ?onea ? ??ciiiai?oi?noue oei?a
aaeoaeaiiy a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei. Ie niinoa??aaee i?eaeecii c
iaeiaeiaith /anoioith o?e ??ci? oeie aaeoaeaiiy oeeo noaeei: ?icneiiee
oei (a?eueo oa?aeoa?iee i?e aaeoaeaii? e?oiieo a?oa??ie), iaa?no?aeueiee
oa aeeoioii?/iee oeie (oa?aeoa?i? aeey aaeoaeaiiy a?oa??aeueieo
i?e?inoaeei ??cieo eae?a??a).

Aea/aiiy a?o?oaeoii?ee e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie
iieacaei, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi no?ieo ?icaeoeo iaaeeaeaia aei
ia?aeaeueiiai ?icoaooaaiiy oeeo noaeei ii a?aeiioaiith aei
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a noa? ia?aaaaeath/ei a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aa??aioaie
aia?ia?o?oaeoii?ee. Oea aeaco? ia aaeineiiaeaiiy a i?ioean? ?icaeoeo
nenoaie iai?io i?ae e?ia’th oa i?iea?aeii, ine?eueee i?e oaeiio
?icoaooaaii? e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a aeinyaa?oueny iaea?eueoa ieiueia ?o
aeioeeo c na?oeaaeie i?ioeeoaie.

Ua iaei??th niaoeeo?/iith ?enith aoi?eiiiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai
?onea i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie ? ??ciiiai?oi?noue aa??aio?a oi?ioaaiiy
aaiiciiai a?aeae?eo oeueiai ?onea. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao iaeio a?eueo
e?oiio aaiicio i?e?inoaeeio oi?iothoue aea? iaio? noaeeie. ?iiae? a
iaeio aaiicio i?e?inoaeeio aiaaeathoue a iaeiiio i?noe? 3-4 iaioeo ca
eae?a?ii noaeei. I?e oeueiio i?noea aiaaeaiiy iaioeo noaeei a a?eueo
e?oiio noaeeio ?icoe?aia. A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao iaio? ca eae?a?ii aaiici?
i?e?inoaeeie aiaaeathoue a a?eueo e?oiio noaeeio ia a iaei?e oi/oe?, a a
??cieo ?? ae?eyieao.

Io?eiai? a iao?e ?iaio? aeai? noiniaii ?icoaooaaiiy o ieiae?a ethaeeie
a?oa??aeueieo oa aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei ii a?aeiioaiith aei
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeai? A.Ae. Ieoaeiaa (1986), N. ?.
Noaaaeuenueeiai oa ni?aaao. (1993), ca?aeii c yeeie
aaiii?e?iie?eoeyoi?iiio ?oneo i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie i?eoaiaiia
a?aenooi?noue noaa?eueiino? a i???ioaoe?? oeeo noaeei uiaei na?oeaaeo
i?ioeeo?a. Oiaoi o ieiae?a ethaeeie a?oa??aeuei? oa aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie
i???ioothoueny a?aeiinii ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a ii ??ciiio: iaei? noaeeie
ne?aeothoue ia?aeaeueii aei ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, ?io? ?icoaoiaothoueny i?ae
??cieie eooaie (a?ae 10 aei 90 a?aaeon?a).

Io?eiai? iaie aeai? a?aeiinii aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy a?oa??ie ? aaioe a
i?iea?ae? ieiae?a ethaeeie a iniiaiiio ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie A.Ae.
Ieoaeiaa (1986), A.A. Eiceiaa (1989), ye? aeacothoue ia oiiia?ao?/io
a?aeie?aieai?noue oeeo noaeei. Iaeiae a niieo/iioeaieiieo i?ioa?eao
iiaa?oiaaeo ae?eyiie i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie ie cono??/aee aaioee, ui
noi?iaiaeaeoaaee a?oa??iee. I?e oeueiio ii?yae c iaei??th a?oa??ieith
ciaoiaeeeanue iaeia aaioea.

Iao? aeai? noiniaii aianoiiic?a i?ae noaeeiaie aoi?eiiiai
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea ethaeeie na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui
iniaeea?noth oeueiai ?onea ? aaeeea e?euee?noue aianoiiic?a i?ae
e?iaiiinieie eai?ey?aie (i?aeeai?ey?i? «i?noee») ? i?ae aaiicieie
i?e?inoaeeiaie oa a?aenooi?noue a?oa??iei-aaioey?ieo aianoiiic?a, ui
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie A.Ae. Iaeiaaoeueeiai c ni?aaao. (1986), N.?.
Noaaaeuenueeiai c ni?aaao. (1993). I?aeeai?ey?i? «i?noee» oa aianoiiice
i?ae aaiicieie i?e?inoaeeiaie oiia?eueiththoue ?oo e?ia? a iai?iieo
noaeeiao, ui cia/ii iie?ioo? o?io?eo aeoeaii ooieoe?iioth/iai i?iea?aea.
A a?aenooi?noue a?oa??iei-aaioey?ieo aianoiiic?a iiynith?oueny, c iaoi?
oi/ee ci?o, iaiao?aei?noth iino?eiiai eai?ey?iiai e?iaiiinoa/aiiy an?o
ae?eyiie i?iea?aea, yeee ? iaea?eueo ooieoe?iiaeueii aeoeaiith
iaieiieith na?oey.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae aeicaieeei io?eiaoe aeai? noiniaii
aoi?eiiiai aia?iaaiaco a i?iea?ae? aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ooai?aiiy a?oiueie ?inoo ia i?ioyc? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai
ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo cae?enith?oueny ye a?ae ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo
i?e?inoaeei, oae ? a?ae on?o eaiie aoi?eiiiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai
?onea i?iea?aea ethaeeie. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeacothoue ia oa, ui ia
i?ioyc? i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie
ooai?aiiy a?oiueie ?inoo a?ae e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei cae?enith?oueny ?
aioo??oiueiaiaeioae?aeueiei, ? i?aeaiaeioae?aeueiei niiniaaie. I?e
aioo??oiueiaiaeioae?aeueiiio niinia? ia iiia?a/iiio c??c? i?ina?o
a?oiueee ?inoo iaiaaeaiee iaei??th aiaeioae?aeueiith ee?oeiith, ? i?e
oeueiio a?aenooi? i?aeaiaeioae?aeuei? niieo/aiiy. I?e
i?aeaiaeioae?aeueiiio niinia? ia iiia?a/iiio c??c? i?ina?o a?oiueee
?inoo iaiaaeothoue aeaa aai a?eueoa e?euee?noue aiaeioae?ioeeo?a. A
i?iea?ae? aia??ii?a oa ieiae?a ethaeeie cia/ii /ano?oa cono??/a?oueny
i?aeaiaeioae?aeueiee niin?a iiaiooai?aiiy e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei. Ia
iaoo aeoieo, nooo?ao ?ieue a aeoea?caoe?? aoi?eiiiai aia?iaaiaco
a?ae?a?athoue ee?oeie, ye? ciai? i?eeyaathoue aei aiaeioae?ioeeo?a
a?oiueie ?inoo. Iaiaaii, aiie ? i?iaeooeaioaie aia?iaaiiiai oaeoi?o,
caaaeyee yeiio cae?enith?oueny ?icaeoie a?oiueee ?inoo. Ca io?eiaieie
aeaieie, oe? ee?oeie a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aeeiiothoue oaeiae ?ieue
nai???aeieo «i?ia?aeiee?a», ye? i?iieeathoue i?ae ea?ae?ii?ioeeoaie
iiia?aaeo aa?o?aee a?oiueee ?inoo oa oaeei /eiii caaacia/othoue
i?inoaaiiy ?? aaeea i?iea?aea.

AENIIAEE

1. O i?iea?ae? ethaeeie aei e?ioey 3 i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai
?icaeoeo ?nio? eeoa ia?aeiia e?iaiiinia i?e?i?onei, a yeiio noaeeie ua
ia aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? ia a?oa??aeuei?, aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ? e?iaiiini?
eai?ey?e. Ia?aeiia e?iaiiinia i?e?i?onei i?iea?aea ethaeeie
neeaaea?oueny c noaeei, ye? ?icaeioeenue c aenoaeaieo aiaeioae??i
aia??iiaeueieo i?aeo?aaaeoey?ieo i?inoi??a i?iea?aea, ? c noaeei, eio??
a?inee a i?iea?ae c e?iaiiiniiai ?onea ai?ea?aea.

2. O aia??ii?a ethaeeie ooai?aiiy ia?aeiiiai e?iaiiiniiai ?onea o aooeao
ia?aaena?aeue ii/eia?oueny ?ai?oa, i?ae o an?o ?ioeo /anoeiao
ia?aaena?aeue. Oea i?iyaey?oueny a iiya? ia?oeo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei
o aooeao ia?aaena?aeue ia 5 oeaei? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo, oiae?
ye o an?o ?ioeo /anoeiao ia?aaena?aeue aaiii?e?inoaeeie aeieeathoue
o?eueee ia 7 oeaei? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo.

3. Ia?aeiiiio e?iaiiiniiio i?e?i?oneo i?iea?aea ethaeeie i?eoaiaiia
iayai?noue aeaio oei?a noaeei. No?iea ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei
ia?oiai oeio neeaaea?oueny o?eueee c iaeiiai oa?o ee?oei
(aiaeioae?ioeeo?a), oiae? ye o no?ioe? ia?aeiieo aaiii?e?iaoaeei
ae?oaiai oeio ? ua iaeei oa? ee?oei, ui ?icoaoiaai? ciai? a?ae
aiaeioae?ioeeo?a ? a i?ioean? ?icaeoeo aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny a aeaaee?
i?ioeeoe aai a ia?eoeeoe.

4. O i?iea?ae? ethaeeie cai?uaiiy ia?aeiiiai e?iaiiiniiai i?e?i?onea
?icaeiaiei c iueiai aoi?eiiei aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iei ?oneii
ii/eia?oueny a e?ioe? 3 i?nyoey ? cae?i/o?oueny ia 5 i?nyoe?
aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo.

5. I?ioyaii ieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie
iiaeeaeth?oueny i?ioean ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueii? niaoe?ae?caoe??
a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei, i?i ui na?ae/eoue iiyaa a ?o no?ioe? c e?ioey
5 — ii/aoeo 6 i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo i’yciaeo no?ieoa??a
? o?aaiaio?a aioo??oiuei? aeanoe/ii? iaia?aie.

6. Aiaeioae?aeueia aenoeeea e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a aoi?eiiiai
aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea ethaeeie a ieiaeiaiio ia??iae?
iioiaaiaco i?aaenoaaeaia aiaeioae??i niiaoe/iiai oeio. A ia??iae c 6 ii
8 i?nyoeue aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo oiaueia aiaeioae?aeueii?
aenoeeee e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a i?iea?aea ethaeeie aeinoia??ii (?<0,05) ciaioo?oueny. 7. A aaiii?e?iie?eoeyoi?iiio ?one? i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icaeoie aeaio oei?a aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei, ui ?noioii ?ic??ciththoueny aoaeiaith noaeeiii? no?iee. Aaiici? i?e?inoaeeie ia?oiai oeio ?ici?uothoueny a i?iea?ae? aaciina?aaeiuei iii?ae i'yciaeo aieieii ? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei ae?oaiai oeio, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny a niieo/iioeaieiieo i?ioa?eao i?iea?aea, a?aenooi?noth a ?o no?ioe? iaieiiie, ui eaaeaoue ciai? a?ae aiaeioae?th ? aacaeueii? iaia?aie. 8. Iniaeeainoyie aia?ia?o?oaeoii?ee aoi?eiiiai aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea ieiae?a ethaeeie ? ??ciiiai?oi?noue aa??aio?a aaeoaeaiiy a?oa??aeueieo i?e?inoaeei ? oi?ioaaiiy aaiicieo i?e?inoaeei, iaaeeaeaia aei ia?aeaeueiiai ?icoaooaaiiy e?iaiiinieo eai?ey??a ii a?aeiioaiith aei ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a oa a?aenooi?noue a?oa??iei-aaioey?ieo aianoiiic?a. 9. Aoi?eiiiio aia?iaaiaco a i?iea?ae? aia??ii?a oa ieiae?a ethaeeie i?eoaiaiia iayai?noue ? aioo??oiueiaiaeioae?aeueiiai, ? i?aeaiaeioae?aeueiiai niinia?a ooai?aiiy a?oiueie ?inoo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei. NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iia ?onei ieiea?aea aeaeoaei/eia na?aeoea /aeiaaea a i?aiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca // A?a/aaiia aeaei.-1990.-?10.-N. 19-20. (niaao. Aia?ee E.E.). 2. Ia?aeii? e?iaiiini? i?e?inoaeeie i?iea?aea ethaeeie //Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee.-1997.-?1 .-N.31 -34. 3. ?icaeoie aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a i?iea?ae? aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie //Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu.-1997.-?7. - N.99-105. 4. Aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia ?onei i?iea?aea ethaeeie a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco // A?niee ii?oieia??. -A?iieoey.-1997. -o. C- ?2. -C.113-115. 5. a.c. ?1679250 (NNN?) Niinia i?eaioiaeaiey i?aia?aoia aeey eco/aiey iee?iie?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ieaeiieoathueo // Athee. ioe?uoee, ecia?aoaiee. - 1991.- ?35.-N.155 (niaao. Aia?ee E.E., Noaoeaiei N.A., Aanueei A.A., Oi?aeey I.A.). 6. a.c. ?1679252 (NNN?) Niinia i?eaioiaeaiey ninoaeenoiai ?onea i?aaiia// Athee. ioe?uoee, ecia?aoaiee.-1991.-?35.- N. 155 (niaao. Aia?ee E.E., Aeaaeaeaiei E.I., Aanueei A.A.). 7. ?acaeoea aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ieiea?aea aeaeoaei/eia na?aeoea o yia?eiiia /aeiaaea // Ii?oieiaey.- Eeaa, "Caei?iauea", 1990.-N.37-40. 8. ?aiiea yoaiu ?acaeoey aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ieiea?aea /aeiaaea //Yenia?eiaioaeueiay ii?oieiaey na?aeoea e e?iaaiiniuo ninoaeia: Oac. aeiee. iao/. eiio. - Eeaa, 1989.-N.28-29. 9. ?acaeoea iooae aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoeee a ieiea?aea aeaeoaei/eia na?aeoea /aeiaaea a ia?aie iieiaeia i?aiaoaeueiiai ii?oiaaiaca //I?eiaiaiea yeaeo?iiiie iee?ineiiee a iaaeeoeeia: Oac. aeiee. iaeaao. iao/. eiio. -Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1989.-N.15. (niaao. Aia?ee E.E.). 10. ?acaeoea aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ooieoeeiiaeueii ?acee/iuo i?aaiia /aeiaaea a i?aiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea ii?oiaaiaca // ??? nuacae aiao., aenoie., yia?eie. e oiiia?aoiaiao. ONN?: Oac. aeiee.- *a?iiaoeu, 1990.- N.CC. (niaao. Aia?ia I.N., Aanueei A.A., A?eoeae E.I., Nieieiaa A.A., Oi?aeey I.A.). 11. Aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia ?onei oeoii/e?a na?oey aia??ii?a ethaeeie // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco: Iaoa??aee iaoe. eiio. *a?i?aoe?, 1994.-N.71. 12. Aaiii?e?inoaeeie i?iea?aea oeoii/e?a na?aey aia??ii?a oa ieiae?a ethaeeie // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ooieoe?iiaeueii? aiaoii?? noaeeiii? nenoaie: Iaoa??aee iaoe. eiio. aiao., a?noie., aia??ie. ? oiiia?aoiaiao. Oe?a?ie. -Euea?a, 1995.-N.53. ?C. ?acaeoea ia?ae/iiai aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a ieiea?aea /aeiaaea //Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ii?oiaaiaca na?aeoea (Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia).- Aeiai?iiao?. ainoaea?noa, iaae. aeaaeaiey. - Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1996.-N.70-71. (niaao. Aia?ee E.E., Oaa/aiei A.A.,*a?eania A.A.) 14. ?icaeoie ia?aeiieo aaiii?e?inoaeei a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie //Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia?? (oaoiaa aeaeaiiy iaoe. i?aoeue II iaoe. eiia?ano aiao., a?noie., aia??ie. ? oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie). - Eoaainuee. -1998- N. 30-32. AIIOAOe?ss ?aiao?uaa I.?. Aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia ?onei i?iea?aea ethaeeie a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? ii?oiaaiaco. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 - ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. - Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. 0.0. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith ii?oiooiei?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae aaiii?e?iie?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea i?iea?aea aia??ii?a ? ieiae?a ethaeeie. Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue a i?iea?ae? ethaeeie aeaio oei?a ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei, ye? nooo?ai ?ic??ciythoueny ca aoaeiaith no?iee. Aeyaeaia aaoa?io?iii?noue ooai?aiiy ia?aeiieo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei a ??cieo a?aeae?eao ia?aaena?aeue ethaeeie. Aecia/ai? aeey i?iea?aea ethaeeie no?iee cai?uaiiy ia?aeiiiai e?iaiiiniiai i?e?i?onea aoi?eiiei aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iei ?oneii. Iienai? oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei a ??ci? no?iee i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco. Aeyaeaii oa iienaii aioo??oiueiaiaeioae?aeueiee oa i?aeaiaeioae?aeueiee niiniae ooai?aiiy a?oiueie ?inoo e?iaiiinieo i?e?inoaeei a i?iea?ae? aia??ii?a oa ieiae?a ethaeeie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaiii?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia ?onei, i?iea?ae ethaeeie, i?aiaoaeueiee iioiaaiac. AIIIOAOeEss Eaiaoeuaa I.?. Aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iia ?onei ieiea?aea /aeiaaea a i?aiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea ii?oiaaiaca. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 - ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. - Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. A.A. Aiaiiieueoea IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae e?iaaiiniiai iee?i?onea ieiea?aea yia?eiiia e ieiaeia /aeiaaea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a ieiea?aea /aeiaaea aei eiioea 3 ianyoea aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey nouanoaoao oieueei ia?ae/iia e?iaaiiniia iee?i?onei, ninoaeu eioi?iai ia aeeooa?aioee?iaaiu ia a?oa?eaeueiua, aaiiciua iee?ininoaeu e e?iaaiiniua eaieeey?u. Yoi ?onei ia?aciaaii ninoaeaie aeaoo oeiia, nouanoaaiii ?acee/athueieny no?iaieai ninoaeenoie noaiee. Noaiea ninoaeia ia?aiai oeia ia?aciaaia oieueei yiaeioaeeioeeoaie, oiaaea eae a noaiea ninoaeia aoi?iai oeia anoue aua iaeei neie eeaoie, eioi?ua a i?ioeanna aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey aeeooa?aioee?othony a aeaaeeea ieioeeou eee ia?eoeeou. Iieo/aiu iiaua aeaiiua, eanathueany aiaeiaaiaca a noaieao i?aaena?aeee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a ooeao i?aaena?aeee /aeiaaea ia?aua e?iaaiiniua iee?ininoaeu iiyaeythony ia 5 iaaeaea aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey, oiaaea eae a inoaeueiuo /anoyo i?aaena?aeee - ia aeaa iaaeaee iicaea. Eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey ia?ae/iiai e?iaaiiniiai iee?i?onea a ieiea?aea /aeiaaea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aacaeueiay iaia?aia a noaiea ninoaeia, ninoaaeythueo yoi ?onei, iiyaeyaony a eiioea 7 - ia/aea 8 iaaeaee aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey. A yiaeioaeeioeeoao ia?ae/iuo e?iaaiiniuo iee?ininoaeia ieiea?aea /aeiaaea n oaaee/aieai n?iea ?acaeoey iinoaiaiii oi?ie?oaony ciiaeueiinoue oeeoiieaciu, oneeeaaaony eiiaeainaoeey yaea?iiai o?iiaoeia, oaaee/eaaaony niaea?aeaiea iee?iieiioeeoiciuo aaceeoe. Iiyaeythony caaiueaniaoeeoe/iua iniaaiiinoe no?oeoo?u yiaeioaeeioeeoia, oa?aeoa?iua aeey a?oa?eaeueiuo eee aaiiciuo iee?ininoaeia. I?eeaaathuea e yiaeioaeeth eeaoee a noaiea ia?ae/iuo e?iaaiiniuo iee?ininoaeia aoi?iai oeia aeeooa?aioee?othony a aeaaeeea ieioeeou (anee ninoae ?acaeaaaony ii a?oa?eaeueiiio oeio) eee a ia?eoeeou (anee ninoae ?acaeaaaony ii aaiiciiio oeio). A noaiea iaeioi?uo e?iaaiiniuo iee?ininoaeia ?acaeaaaony o?aouey iaiei/ea, niaea?aeauay aieieia eieeaaaia e oea?iaeanou. Iaeiia?aiaiii n eciaiaieyie, i?ienoiaeyueie a noaieao ia?ae/iuo e?iaaiiniuo iee?ininoaeia, io ieo iooai ii/eiaaiey ia?acothony iiaua ninoaeu. A ?acoeueoaoa auoaoeacaiiuo i?aia?aciaaiee ec ia?ae/iiai e?iaaiiniiai iee?i?onea iinoaiaiii ?acaeaaaony aoi?e/iia aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iia ?onei, ninoiyuaa ec a?oa?eaeueiuo, aaiiciuo iee?ininoaeia e e?iaaiiniuo eaieeey?ia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a ieiea?aea /aeiaaea caiauaiea ia?ae/iiai e?iaaiiniiai iee?i?onea aoi?e/iui aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iui ?oneii ia/eiaaony a eiioea 3 ianyoea aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey, eiaaea iiyaeythony ia?aua aaeeie/iua a?oa?eaeueiua e aaiiciua iee?ininoaeu e caeai/eaaaony ia 5 ianyoea aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey. Iieo/aiu aeaiiua, eanathueany no?iaiey noaiie anao caaiueaa aoi?e/iiai aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a ?acee/iua n?iee i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaca (n eiioea 3 ii 9 ianyoe). Onoaiiaeaii, /oi n oaaee/aieai aic?anoa ieiaeia a yiaeioaeeioeeoao aaiiiee?ininoaeia ieiea?aea ieiaeia /aeiaaea i?ienoiaeeo noaiiaeaiea nenoaiu o?ainyiaeioaeeaeueiiai o?ainii?oa e no?oeoo?u oeeoineaeaoa. Noaiiayony aieaa au?aaeaiiuie caaiueaniaoeeoe/iua iniaaiiinoe no?iaiey yiaeioaeey. A aeaaeeeo ieioeeoao a?oa?eaeueiuo iee?ininoaeia caiaoii oaaee/eaaaony niaea?aeaiea ieioeeaiaioia. Oieioiyaony aacaeueiay iaia?aia. Noaaeeece?oaony i?eaioaoeey eeaoie a noaiea ninoaeia. A ia?oaeiie iaiei/ea a?oa?eaeueiuo e /anoe aaiiciuo iee?ininoaeia oaaee/eaaaony niaea?aeaiea aieieii eieeaaaia e oea?iaeanoia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iniaaiiinoueth no?iaiey a?oa?eaeueiuo iee?ininoaeia ieiea?aea /aeiaaea a ia?eiae n eiioea 3 ii eiiaoe 5 ianyoea aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey yaeyaony ionoonoaea a eo noaiea aioo?aiiae yeanoe/aneie iaia?aiu e iuoa/iuo noeieoa?ia, eioi?ua iiyaeythony ai aoi?ie iieiaeia i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaca. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai ii?oiiao?e/aneiai aiaeeca onoaiiaeaii, /oi a ieiea?aea ieiaeia /aeiaaea oieueia yiaeioaeeaeueiie aunoeeee e?iaaiiniuo eaieeey?ia aeinoiaa?ii (?<0,05) oiaiueoaaony a ia?eiae n 6 ii 8 ianyoe ?acaeoey. I?e eco/aiee aaiiciiai ioaeaea aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ieiea?aea ieiaeia /aeiaaea auyaeaii aeaa oeia aaiiciuo iee?ininoaeia, nouanoaaiii ?acee/athueony no?iaieai noaiee. Noaiea aaiiciuo iee?ininoaeia ia?aiai oeia, iacaaeneii io ?acia?ia i?inaaoa e aic?anoa ieiaeia, ninoieo oieueei ec yiaeioaeeioeeoia e aacaeueiie iaia?aiu. Aaiiciua iee?ininoaeu aoi?iai oeia eiatho, e?iia yiaeioaeeaeueiie, e ae?oaea /aoei au?aaeaiiua iaiei/ee. Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua ioiineoaeueii aiaeia?oeoaeoiieee aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ieiea?aea ieiaeia /aeiaaea oeacuaatho ia oi, /oi iniaaiiinoyie yoiai ?onea yaeythony ?aciiia?acea aa?eaioia aaoaeaiey a?oa?eaeueiuo iee?ininoaeia e oi?ie?iaaiey aaiiciuo iee?ininoaeia, a oaeaea i?eaeeaeathuaany e ia?aeeaeueiiio ?aniieiaeaiea e?iaaiiniuo eaieeey?ia ii ioiioaieth e ea?aeeiieioeeoai e ionoonoaea a?oa?eiei-aaioey?iuo aianoiiicia. I?e eco/aiee aoi?e/iiai aiaeiaaiaca a ieiea?aea yia?eiiia e ieiaeia /aeiaaea auyaeaiu e iienaiu aioo?eyaaeioaeeaeueiue e iaaeyiaeioaeeaeueiue niiniau ia?aciaaiey ii/ae ?inoa e?iaaiiniuo iee?ininoaeia. Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua oeacuaatho, /oi iineaaeiee niinia yaeyaony i?aiaeaaeathuei. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a ieiea?aea /aeiaaea ia i?ioyaeaiee i?aiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca ii/ee ?inoa ia?acothony io ia?ae/iuo e?iaaiiniuo iee?ininoaeia e io anao caaiueaa aoi?e/iiai aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaiiiee?ioee?eoeyoi?iia ?onei, ieiea?ae /aeiaaea, i?aiaoaeueiue iioiaaiac. ABSTRACT Ignatishchev M.R. The hemomicrocirculatory bed of the human myocardium in the prenatal period ofmorphogenesis. - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate's degree by speciality 14.03.01 normal anatomy. - The I.I. Bohomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to studying the morphonmctional features of the hemomicrocirculatory bed of the myocardium of the human embryos and refuses. Two types of primary blood microvessels of the human myocardium have been discovered. Heterochrony of primary blood microvessels formation in various areas of the human atrium has been established. The terms of replacing the primary hemomicrocirculatory bed with the secondary one have been determined for the human myocardium. Ultrastructured peculiarities of the blood microvessels of the human myocardium in various terms of the prenatal ontogeny have been described. Intraendothelial and interendothelial ways of the growth buds formation in the blood microvessels in myocardium of the human embryo and fetus were revealed and described. Key words: hemomicrocirculatory bed, human myocardium, prenatal ontogeny. ?

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