OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO AENIA?EIAIOAEUeII? ? EE?IE*II? AAOA?EIA?II? IAAeEOeEIE

Aa?aaeiee Aeieo?i A?eoi?iae/

OAeE:619:616.995.1:616-085:598.4 .

Aaeuei?ioioaoia oa aaeuei?ioioeaiice aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa”

?i. O.A. Oaeueoe-Oaeia, ?ic?iaea caoiae?a ai?ioueae oa i?io?eaeoeee.

03.00.18 — ia?aceoieia?y, aaeuei?ioieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? oa a
A?inoa?iiio caiia?aeieeo Aneai?y-Iiaa ?i. O.A. Oaeueoe-Oaeia.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y:aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OAOIAOeIA
A?oae?e Noaiaiiae/, caa. eaai?aoi???th aaeuei?ioieia?? ?inoeoooo
aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie.

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?OAIAIEI TH??e A?eai?iae/, caa.
Eaoaae?e ia?aceoieia?? oa oa?iaeieia?? A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iiiiia?aiei Aeea Ieeiea?aia,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e ia?aceoieia?? Oa?uee?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai
?inoeoooo.

Euea?anueea aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai,
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ia?aceoieia??
oa ?eaieoeoaa. i. Euea?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 15-00 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.64.359.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI ca
aae?anith: 310023, Oa?e?a-23, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 83.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie (310023, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 83).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 22 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe,
EIIA?AEAANUeEEE E.?.

i?ioani?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.Na?aae aaaaoueio i?iaeai aaoa?eia?ii? iaoee iaei??th
c iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo ? ai?ioueaa c aaeuei?ioicaie oa
aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a.

Cacia/ai?e i?iaeai? i?enay/ai? /eneaii? ioae?eaoe?? ye a a?o/eciyi?e,
oae ? a caei?aeiii?e oaoia?e e?oa?aoo??. I?e oeueiio, cia/ia oaaaa
i?eae?ey?oueny eeoa aaeuei?ioioaoienoe/iiio iaeyaeo aaeuei?io?a o
aeiiaoi?o ea/ie oa aonae, ? a iaaaeeeiio ianyc? oea noino?oueny aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a, a oaeiae ai?iouea? c ie?aieie aaeuei?ioicaie.

A oieaea /an eeoathoueny ia iiai?noth ?ice?eoeie aaeuei?ioioaoienoe/i?
iieacieee o ia?ae?oieo ioao?a, ye? a ia??iae i?a?aoe?? eiioaeoothoue c
na?enueeeie ioaoaie aai c i?noeyie ?o i?iaeeaaiiy, o?aaeoth/e ?o
aaeuei?ioicaie oa aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie. A iaaeinoaoi?e i??? ?ic?iaeai?
caniae aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? aeeeeo ioao?a ia i?ieueio?, iniaeeai i?e
aaeuei?ioioeaiioe/i?e ?iaac??. Oiio aecia/aiiy aaeuei?ioioaoie aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a, ye? aeeaooue ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, ? iniaeeai o
caiia?aeieeo “Aneai?y-Iiaa”, ye i?noey iino?eiiai a?aeii/eieo
i?ieueioieo ioao?a, aeyaeaiiy ?o aaeuei?ioioeaiioe/iiai neeaaeo ? eiai
iniaeeainoae, ?ic?iaea caoiae?a ai?ioueae oa i?io?eaeoeee c aeyaeaieie
aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie aeey iaaeiiouaiiy iiaeaeueoiai ?o ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
? o?aaeaiiy ieie na?enueeeo oaa?ei oa oe?iieo aeae?a ioao?a, ye?
iino?eii aeeaooue ia oa?eoi??? caiia?aeieea, ? aeooaeueieie ?
i?eioeeiiai cia/eieie.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaia ?iaioa
iaeaaeeoue aei iaoeiaiai ieaio aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e aiaoii?? oa
o?c?ieia?? oaeoeueoaoo aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (“Aea/aiiy aaeuei?ioic?a oaa?ei, ?ic?iaea
caoiae?a ai?ioueae oa i?io?eaeoeee”) ? ? ie?aiith, cae?i/aiith ?iaioith,
i?iaaaeaiith ia oa?eoi??? A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” ?i.
O.A. Oaeueoe-Oaeia, ca?aeii “Aeiaiai?o i?i aca?iiaea?aeio ni?ai?aoeth
i?ae Noinueeei aea?aeaaiei aa?a?iei oi?aa?neoaoii oa A?inoa?iei
caiia?aeieeii “Aneai?y-Iiaa” c aea/aiiy aaeuei?ioioaoie oa ?ic?iaee
caoiae?a ai?ioueae ? i?io?eaeoeee c aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith oe??? ?iaioe aoei- aecia/aiiy a
caiia?aeieeo “Aneai?y-Iiaa” iniiaiee aeaeiaee neeaae aaeuei?io?a
ia?aceooth/eo o aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a oa aaeuei?ioioeaiice, ye?
oe? aaeuei?ioe ooai?ththoue, caeaaei?noue ?o e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo
iieaciee?a a?ae ??cieo oaeoi??a. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? noaie caoenoo aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea a?ae aaeuei?ioic?a oa
aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a.

Ca?aaee aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ia?aaeaa/eee ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. C’ynoaaiiy e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a aaeuei?ioioaoie aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea Aneai?y-Iiaa, ?? caeaaei?noue a?ae
naciio, a?eo ioeoe?, oiia aeeooy, a oaeiae a?aei?ii?noue aaeuei?ioioaoie
ia?ae?oieo ? iaia?ae?oieo ioao?a caiia?aeieea.

2. Aecia/eoe, ye? aaeuei?ioioeaiice cono??/athoueny o aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a ia oa?eoi??? caiia?aeieea ? caeaaei?noue ?o
no?oeoo?e a?ae naciiieo ci?i, a?eo ioao?a, aieeao oaeoi??a ae?yeueiino?
ethaeae ? caoai?thaaiue iaaaeuei?ioicii? ao?ieia??.

3. ?ic?iaeoe caoiaee e?eoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea, aeyaeoe iioeiaeuei? aioaaeuei?ioeee
? no?iee ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeai? eiiieaeni?
aaeuei?ioieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
Aea?aeaaiiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” ?i. O.
Oaeueoe-Oaeia. Aeyaeai? aaeuei?ioice oa aaeuei?ioioeaiice, ye?
?a?no?othoue o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ioao?a, ?o naciiia oa a?eiaa aeeiai?ea.
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ??cieo aeae?a aaeuei?io?a o aaeuei?ioioeaiioe/ieo
anioe?aoe?yo, aieea ia ieo ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a, o oiio /ene?
?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue. Anoaiiaeaii iioe?aiiy aeyaeaieo
aaeuei?ioic?a oa aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a o i?ee?oieo ioao?a, ?ic?iaeaia ea?oa
i?eeueioo o caiia?aeiee aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a, o?aaeaieo
aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie. Iaoeiao iiaecio noaiiaeoue canoinoaaiiy
aioaaeuei?ioee?a oe?ieiai niaeo?o ae?? aeey aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a.

Aeyaeaii ia oa?eoi??? caiia?aeieea aeae?eueea iiaeo aeey oe???
i?noeaaino? aeae?a aaeuei?io?a, aia?oa ca?a?no?iaaiee eean
aeaioioeaoae?a.

?ic?iaeai? noaie icaei?iaeaiiy caiia?aeieea a?ae aaeuei?ioioeacii?
?iaac??, noaie oa aeice aioaaeuei?ioee?a aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeei?enoai? aeey neeaaeaiiy e?oiieno i?e?iaee A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea
“Aneai?y-Iiaa”, a oaeiae a i?iaaaeaii? icaei?ia/eo oa e?eoaaeueieo
caoiae?a a caiia?aeieeo ? a ?iaio? iaoeiaeo ni?a?ia?oiee?a caiia?aeieea
oa e?ea??a aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie. C?a?ai? iaoa??aee canoiniaothoueny o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? c ia?aceoieia?? ia oaeoeueoao? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? i?e neeaaeaii?
“?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii caiia?aaiith oa e?ea?aeaoe?? aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a
oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeiee?a,
ciiia?e?a, ieneeanueeeo ainiiaea?noa oa ciieooe?a ia i?eeeaae?
Aea?aeaaiiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” ?i. O.
Oaeueoe-Oaeia” caoaa?aeaeaieie Oa?niinueeei iaeaniei oi?aae?iiyi
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aea/aia aaeuei?ioioaoia aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea.

· C’yniaaia caeaaei?noue aaeuei?ioioaoie a?ae ii?e ?ieo, a?eo ioeoe? ?
oiia aeeooy.

· Aeyaeai? iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeai? anioe?aoe?? ??cieo aeae?a
aaeuei?io?a ? ?o aeeiai?ea a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?i naciio oa a?eo
ioao?a.

· C’yniaaia caeaaei?noue aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a a?ae aieeao oaeoi??a
ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie.

· Aeyaeai? ci?ie o no?oeoo?? aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a i?e ?ioaeoe?eieo
caoai?thaaiiyo.

· I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeueaaiaeacieo, oaiaaiaeacieo oa eoi??oieo ?
c?iaeaia ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea oeeo aioaaeuei?ioee?a i?e
aaeuei?ioioeaiicao aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a.

· Anoaiiaeai? iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?ieo
ioao?a.

· ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen i?io?eaeoe/ii-oa?aiaaoe/ieo caoiae?a i?e
aaeuei?ioioeaiicao aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea
“Aneai?y-Iiaa

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaee ia 4-io c?cae? ia?aceoioeaiieia?a Oe?a?ie ( Oa?e?a —
1996), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo
“Iaoeia? aeinyaiaiiy a aaeoc? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie” ( Oa?e?a — 1997
), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ( Noie — 1998), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “E?eoaaiiy
oa i?io?eaeoeea oai?ia ae??aieo oaa?ei” (Ee?a — 1998),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ni?a?ia?oiee?a Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ( Coie – 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a 4 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo:

1. Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. Aaeuei?ioioeaiice aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
Aea?aeaaiiai A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea //Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie.
— 1998 — ?9.- n. 15

2. Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. Ia?aceoioaoia aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” // A?niee Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1998 — ?2.- n. 143-147.

3. Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. I?a?oth/? ioaoe ye ?iciianthaeaeoaaoae? ?iaac?eieo
ii/aoe?a ia oa?eoi??? caiia?aeieea Aneai?y-Iiaa. // Iaoa??aee 3-?
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “E?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeea
ae??aieo oaa?ei”.- Ee?a: IAO, 1998.- n. 104-108.

4. Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. Ae?iaie/? aeine?aee c aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe??
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a. // A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1999.- ?3.- n. 12-14.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 125
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? i?noeoue anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, 3
?icae?ee aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue c caeeth/aiiyi ii eiaeiiio, aeniiaee.
?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 12 oaaeeoeyie oa 10 ?enoieaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e
neeaaea?oueny c 142 aeaea?ae c ieo 13 ?iicaiieo.

.

AEANI? AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee. Iaoa??aeii aeey oe??? ?iaioe aoee aaeuei?ioieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? c 1996 ii 1998 ??e, o A?inoa?iiio
caiia?aeieeo “Aneai?y –Iiaa” ?i. O.A. Oaeueoe-Oaeia. A?aeeia aeeaeo
ioao?a i?iaiaeeee ia aeeaei?o noaaeao caiia?aeieea ca aeiiiiiaith
niaoe?aeueieo ioaoeieo eiaiee?a i?noeaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A?aeno??e
ioao?a i?iaiaeeee ia aeaeuei?o noaaeao caiia?aeieea ca aeiiiiiaith
iaeieae?aa?ii? aaeio?aee OIC-18, ca?? caaeaeeo ioao?a i?iaiaeeany ii
an?e oa?eoi??? caiia?aeieea (aeeth/ii aei *aiaeuenueeiai iiaeo). Aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy acyee 16 aeae?a ioao?a: e?eaeaiue cae/aeiee oa
e?aoaoiaecueiaee; aaeaaac; ea/ee (iaiaea?eiea oa ea?ieeiea); a?ea, n??a,
iaaaeeaiiaa aonee; eaaaae? (aano?ae?enueeee /i?iee, eeeeoi oa oeioi);
iaa?; a?eiieee ie?ie; eaiaaenueea oa a?eiuiea eaca?ee. Aeine?aeaeoaaee
ioao?a aeacaieo aeae?a, a aenia?eiaioaeueia aei?iaoaaiiy
aioeaaeuei?ioieo i?aia?ao?a i?iaiaeeee ia e?eaei? cae/aeiiio. Ae?iaie/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aioaaeuei?ioee?a i?iaiaeeee ye ia e?eaei? cae/aeiiio, oae
? ia (ea/ea-iaiaea?eiea, iaa?).

Iiaiee oa /anoeiaee aaeuei?ioieia?/iee ?icoei, ca iaoiaeii aeaaeai?ea
E.?. Ne?ya?ia (1928), i?iaaee ia 490 aieiaao aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo
ioao?a ??cieo aeae?a. I?e oeueiio c?a?aii 13592 aecaiiey??a ia?aceo?a.
I?iaaee 658 eii?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ioao?a oeioaoe?eieie iaoiaeaie
(Otheeaai?ia, 1983; Eioaeuei?eiaa ? O?aiiaa 1983) ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic/eio
nae?o?e oa iao??th oei?eaeo. Iaee?au? oeioaoe?ei? aeanoeaino?,
aeaioiaeai? ?ic/eie, iathoue i?e oaiia?aoo?? 20-22N.

?icoeie i?iaiaeeee ia aaoa?eia?iiio ioieo? caiia?aeieea oa a
aaeuei?ioieia?/i?e eaai?aoi???. A?aeno??eyieo ioao?a i?ney ?icoei?a
a?aei?aaeyee ia i?i?oinaeoe?th aeey aiaeoaaiiy i?e?a oa a?eo?a; caaeaeeo
ioao?a, i?ney ?icoei?a, a?aeaiceee aei neioiiiaeeueieea.

I?aaie, ye? a?aeae?aee i?ae /an ?icoei?a, eiina?aoaaee a 5% ?ic/ei?
oi?iae?io aeey iiaeaeueoiai caa?aaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy, aeaye? aea/aee
c?aco. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?iaei?o i?aai?a (eeoee, oeoiie oa ?io?)
i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii iine?aeiaieo ciea?a. I?e oeueiio, eiaeai i?aai
aeine?aeaeoaaee ie?aii (i’yciaee oeoiie, caeiciaee oeoiie, oiieee
eeoa/iee, oa ?io?). I?ney inoaiiueiai i?iieaaiiy, inaae aea/aee i?ae
a?iieoey?iei i?e?ineiiii ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?ae 7*2 aei 15*7. Ciaeaeaieo
i?e oeueiio aaeuei?io?a a?aeeiaethaaee i?iaoeith oa i?aia?oaaeueiith
aieeith. Aeey iiaeaeueoiai caa??aaiiy aaeuei?ioe oa ?o o?aaiaioe
iii?uyee a o?enoth/o ??aeeio Aa?aaaaeea aai 70% nie?o. ?aeaioeo?eoaaee
aaeuei?io?a ca aecia/ieeaie oa ?ioith e?oa?aoo?ith (E.I. ?eaeeeia,
(1967), E. ?. Ne?ya?i, A. A. Nianneee (1960), A. A. Nianneee oa E. I.
Niannea (1954) ? A. I. Iaoaainyi (1953, 1963). A. ?. Iao?i/aiei (1956)
Iiia?aaei? aecia/aiiy aaeuei?io?a i?iaiaeeee ia i?noe? ?icoeio. Oeanoiae
oa?aoaaee ca iaoiaeii Aeaaeeia, iaiaoiae i?ina?oeyee o iiei/i?e eeneio?.
O?aiaoiae oa oeanoiae oa?aoaaee eaanoeiaei ea?i?iii oa aaiaoienee?iii,
caa??aaee a eaiaaenueeiio aaeuecai?. Neieaene oeanoiae ia?iaeyee o
iiei/i?e eeneio? c ae?oea?eiii, a i?ney aea/aiiy oaeiae caeeth/aee o
eaiaaenueeee aaeuecai. Iaiaoiaee i?ney i?iieaee oa iaacaiaeoaaiiy
ia?iaeyee noi?ooth ??aieo /anoei ae?oea?eio oa iiei/ii? eeneioe. Ii
eiaeiiio c aaeuei?io?a ?iaeee caiene, aea aeacoaaee aeeaeoaey, i?noea
eieae?caoe??, aenoaineai?noue oa ?ioaineai?noue ?iaac??.

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aaeuei?ioioaoie ioao?a a?ae naciio aoee
i?iaaaeai? ?icoeie ioao?a: aaniith, ae?oeo, ainaie oa ceiith 1997?ieo.
Ioaoe, aoee c iaei??? ca?a? oa iaoeaee a iaei?e i?noeaaino?, ia
a?aee?oaee c caiia?aeieea. A?eiao aeeiai?eo aea/aee ia ioaoao o?ueio
??ciia?eiaeo a?oi. Ia?oa — iieiaeiye aei 1 i?nyoey, ae?oaa a?oia – aei
o?ueio i?nyoe?a, a o?ao?e a?oi? aeine?aeaeaieo ioao?a aoee aei?ine?
oaa?eie. C eiaeii? a?oie aeine?aeaeoaaee ii 20 aie?a. Aea/aiiy
aaeuei?ioioaoie o ioao?a, i?noeaia?aaoaaiiy yeeo ??cia, i?iaiaeeee ia
i?ioyc? 1996 -1997 ?ie?a. A?ae?a?aee ii 100 ioao?a, ye? iino?eii
iaoeathoue o aieue??ao, a?eueieo i?a?oth/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea oa
in?eeo. Ioao?a aeine?aeaeoaaee iaoiaeii iiaiiai aaeuei?ioieia?/iiio
?icoeio ca E.?. Ne?ya?iei (1928).

Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae aaeuei?ioioaoie i?eeueioieo ioao?a, a oaeiae ?o
i?a?aoe?eieo iai?yie?a, i?iaiaeeee ai?iaeiaae anueiai oa?i?io ?iaioe.
Aeey oeueiai c eiaeii? iiaii?ee?oii? ca?a? aeeeeo ioao?a a?aeno??ethaaee
oa a?aeeiaethaaee ie?eueoeueiaaieo ioao?a, c’yniaoaaee a ye?e
i?noeaaino? aiie aoee ie?eueoeueiaai?, a iio?i ?iaeee aaeuei?ioieia?/i?
?icoeie . E??i oiai, a caiia?aeieeo iino?eii aaaeaoueny ?iaioa ii
ie?eueoeueiaoaaiith, ye ioao?a caiia?aeieea, oae ? a?aeeiaeaieo aeeeeo
ioao?a. Aeai?, ye? io?eioaaee i?ae /an oe??? ?iaioe, aoee aeei?enoai?
aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo.

Aaeuei?ioioeaiice aea/aee ia anueiio aeine?aeaeaiiio iiaie?a’?,
ai?iaeiaae anueiai ia??iaeo ?iaioe. Iniiaith aea/aiiy
aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a, ye ? aaeuei?ioic?a, aoa iiaiee aaeuei?ioieia?/iee
?icoei ioao?a. A caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aee ioao?a
??cieo aeae?a c ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi /e ??ciiai iaoeaiiy anoaiiaethth/e
a?eiao, naciiio aeeiai?eo ?icaeoeo aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a ca iaoiaeaie,
iienaieie aeua. Ci?ie o aaeuei?ioioeaiicao a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aio?iiiaaiieo oaeoi??a aea/aee a o?ueio aeine?aeao. Aeey c’ynoaaiiy
aieeao ci?i ei?i?a ia aaeuei?ioioeaiice aoei a?aeeiaeaii 40 ioao?a ?c
ca?a? e?eaeiy cae/aeiiai, yea o?eueee i?eeao?ea ia oa?eoi??th
caiia?aeieea. 20 aie?a c ieo (eiio?ieue) c?aco caaeee aeey c’ynoaaiiy
iieaciee?a aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a o ioao?a, ye? ei?ieyoueny a aeee?e
i?e?iae?, ?io? 20 aie?a aoee cae?eo? o aie’??, aea aoee aeo?eiai? ia
i?ioyc? i?nyoey. Aeey ?o aiae?ae? acyee eeoa eiioeaio?iaai?, ooo/ii
aeaioiaeai? eiia?ei?ie. *a?ac 30 aei?a i?aeaeine?aei? ioaoe aoee caaeo?
? aeine?aeaeai? ia iayai?noue aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a.

Aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? aioaaeuei?ioee?a aoei i?iaaaeaii o 1997-1998 ?ieao
ia 868 aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioaoao. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia 160 ioaoao, a?aeeiaeaieo niaoe?aeueii aeey oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaai? aaeuei?ioieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ia 184
ioaoao. C aioaaeuei?ioee?a aeine?aeaeoaaee oaiaaiaeacie, aeueaaiaeacie
oa eoi??oie, ye? caaeaaaee a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei
iaoiaeii a aiethnao, aeaioiaeaieo c oe?aa. O ae?iaie/iio aeine?ae?
aioaaeuei?ioeee caaeaaaee a?oiiaei iaoiaeii. Aioaaeuei?ioee ci?ooaaee c
eiia?ei?iii ? caiaeiaoaaee a aiae?aieoeyo.

Aei aea/? i?aia?ao?a oa i?ney aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe??, i?iaiaeeee
eii?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeae?e i?aeaeine?aeieo ioao?a. *a?ac
a?aeiia?aeiee oa?i?i i?ney aea/? aioaaeuei?ioeea, ea/ee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa eiio?ieueieo a?oi i?aeeyaaee caaith c
iine?aeoth/ei aaeuei?ioieia?/iei ?icoeiii aeey anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?aia?aoa. I?e ae?iaie/eo aeine?aeao aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeaaeuei?ioicieo
caoiae?a anoaiiaethaaee ca aeiiiiiaith eii?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (ii
10 i?ia ia eiaeio nioith aie?a), oa aaeuei?ioieia?/ieo ?icoei?a (ii 5 ia
eiaeio nioith aeaaaeuei?ioeciaaieo ioao?a).

Ii??aiyeueio aioaaeuei?ioio aoaeoeai?noue i?aia?ao?a aecia/aee ca
iieacieeaie aenoain- oa ?ioainaoaeoeaiino? (AA ? ?A).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

AAEUeI?IOIOAOIA AeEEEO AIAeIIEAAATH*EO IOAO?A CAIIA?AeIEEA

O aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” iaie
ca?a?no?iaaii 23 aeaee aaeuei?io?a, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei /ioe?ueio
eean?a: o?aiaoiaee, oeanoiaee, iaiaoiaee oa aeaioioeaoaee. C ieo —
o?aiaoiae-7: Ehinostoma paraulum, Ehinostoma revolutum,
Echinoparyphium cinctum, Echinoparyphium recurvatum, Notocotylus
attenuatys, Opistorchus simulans, Catatropis verrucosa; oeanoiae-8:
Microsomacantus paramicrosoma, Microsomacantus norvula, Microsomacantus
abortiva, Sabolevicantus gracilis, Wardium aequadilis, Myxolepis
collaris, Drepanidotenia lanceolata, Fimbriaria sp.; iaiaoiae- 5:
Amidostonum anseris, Heterakis sp., Ascaridia galli, Capillaria
anseris, Trichostrongylus tenuis.

Ia oa?eoi??? caiia?aeieea o aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a iaie aia?oa
ca?aano?iaaii, eean aeioioeaoae?a (i?aaenoaaeaiee 3-iia aeaeaie
aaeuei?io?a — Polymorphus magnus, Polymorphus minutus, Filicollis
anatis ). O aeine?aeieo ioao?a ia?aceooaaee aaeuei?ioe ye iaeiiai oae ?
aeae?eueeio eean?a iaeii/anii. ?iaaciaai?noue ioao?a aaeuei?ioaie
iaeiiai eeano neeaaeaea — 23, aeaio eean?a — 34, o?ueio eean?a — 16, a
/ioe?ueio — 4 a?aenioea. Iaiaoiaeaie ?iaaciaaii 210 ioao?a (43%),
oeanoiaeaie -264 (54 %), o?aiaoiaeaie -225 (46 %), ne?aaiyie -12 (2,4%)
aeine?aeaeaieo ioao?a

Iaea?eueoith a?oiith aaeuei?io?a ? oeanoiaee , ye? ciaeaeai? iaie o an?o
aeae?a ioao?a. Iaea?eueoa aenoaineai?noue oa ?ioaineai?noue o?aaeaiiy
a?aei?/aia o e?eaeiy cae/aeiiai, e?eaeiy no?ieaoiaecueiaiai , a?ei?
aonee oa iaa?y ( 70,7 — 100 % ).

O?aiaoiaee oaeiae ?iciianthaeaeai? aeineoue oe?iei, aea aenoaineai?noue
o?aaeaiiy ioao?a cia/ii iaioa. Iaea?eueoa ?iaac?y o?aiaoiaeaie
a?aei?/aia o e?eaeiy cae/aeiiai, n??i? aonee, iaa?y oa eaiaaenueei?
eaca?ee (55,5 — 60%), a a ?ioeo aeae?a ioao?a aenoaineai?noue neeaea aei
50 %.

Aenieee ??aaiue oeanoiaeii-o?aiaoiaeii? ?iaac?? iaoiiaeaiee o?aaeaiiyi
ioao?a i?e?iniiicii oa ao?iiniiicii.

Iaiaoiaee aoee aeyaeai? o an?o aeae?a ioao?a, aea o ea/ie- ea?ieeiie oa
iaiaea?eiie aenoaineai?noue aoea iaeaeua ( 50-77,7%), o ?ioeo aeae?a
ioao?a oeae iieaciee neeaa 0-50%.

??aeoa ciaoiaeeee aeaioioeaoae?a, ?o aeyaeee o?eueee o e?eaeiy
cae/aeiiai, o?oie yeiai aoee i?ae?a?ai? ia aeaeuei?o ica?ao oa
*aiaeueneiio iiaeo ainaie oa ceiith 1997?. Oea aea? iai iiaeeea?noue
i?eionoeoe, ui oe? ioaoe aoee i?ee?oieie.

O ??aeeeo aeae?a ioao?a o?aaeaiiy aaeuei?ioaie ?ioa. Oae, iaea?eueoee
nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy aaeuei?ioaie e?eaeiy cae/yeiiai oa
no?ieaoiaecueiaiai, a?ei? aonee, iaaaiee, iaaaeaiiai? aonee, a?eiuiei?
eaca?ee oa /i?iiai eaaaaey — 100%. A iaio?e i??? aoee o?aaeai? ea/ee-
ea?ie?iee, iaiaea?eiee, oa ?io?.

Aeaeiaee neeaae ciaeaeaieo aaeuei?io?a aeineoue ??ciiiai?oiee. C 23
aeae?a aaeuei?io?a a?eueo?noue a?aeiinyoueny aei a?iaaeuei?io?a. Oea
aeaco? ia oa, ui i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/i? oiiae caiia?aeieea ni?eyoeea?
aeey ?icaeoeo aaco?aaaoieo — i?ii?aeieo aeeaeoae?a aaeuei?io?a.
Iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth aeae?a i?aaenoaaeai? oeanoiaee. Iae/ano?oa
cono??/ythoueny Sabolevicantus gracilis.oa Microsomacantus norvula —
11,38-11,6%, iio?i ?aea Microsomacantus paramicrosoma oa
Microsomacantus abortiva — 7,58-7,85 % ? Trichostrongylus tenuis —
5.14%. Oeanoiaee ?ioeo aeae?a cono??/athoueny o ioao?a ??aeei oa a
iaaaeee?e e?eueeino?. Aiie ciaeaeai? o ia?ae?oieo ioao?a. C oeanoiaeic?a
iaea?eueoa ai?ciioe/ia cia/aiiy iathoue Drepanidotenia lanceolata,
Microsomacantus paramicrosoma, Sabolevicantus gracilis.oa
Microsomacantus norvula .

O?aiaoiaee a caiia?aeieeo i?aaenoaaeai? oaeiae aaeeeith e?euee?noth
aeae?a — 7. Iae/ano?oa cono??/athoueny aeaee Ehinostoma paraulum, E.
revolutum, Ehinoparyphium cinctum, E. recurvatum, Notocotylus
attenuatus, Opistorchus simulans, Catatropis verrucosa.

Iaiaoiaee o aeine?aeaeaieo ioao?a i?aaenoaaeai? 5 aeaeaie. Iaea?eueo?
caeoee o caiia?aeieeo aoee ?c-ca anea?eae?ico (Ascaridia gali), ?io?
iaiaoiaee — Heterakis sp., Capillaria anseris, Trichostrongylus tenius,
Amidostomom anseris ia?aceooaaee c iaioith aenoaineai?noth ?iaac??.

Aeaioioeaoaee i?aaenoaaeai? iaeiaioith e?euee?noth aeae?a — 3; aea
i?aeoe/ii eiaeai c ieo ? niaoeeo?/iei ia?aceoii aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a.
12 a?aenioe?a ioao?a aoee a?euei? a?ae aaeuei?io?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a iiaeooue ia?aceooaaoe
iaeii/anii a?ae 1 aei 10 aeae?a, aea iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue ioao?a
o?aaeaia 2-4 aeaeaie aaeuei?io?a.

Iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeyaeaii, ui i?eeueioi? ioaoe iathoue aeecuee?
cia/aiiy aenoaineaino? o?aaeaiiy (a?ae 70 aei 84 a?aenioe?a), aea ca
e?euee?noth ciaeaeaieo aeae?a aaeuei?io?a, iieacieee cia/ii
a?ae??ciythoueny: a?ae 4 aei 16 aeae?a.

Aei Aneai?? i?ee?oathoue aeee? ioaoe iaeaea c on??? Aa?ac??. Oae,
i?a?aoe?y e?eaeiy cae/aeiiai aei Aneai??, a?aeaoaa?oueny o?ueiia
iai?yieaie: 1-e — c caoiaeo (Euea?a, A?ano, Eae?i?ia?aae), 2-e — c
i?aii/? (A?oaiaaeuenuee, Neeoeaea?, Ieaei?e Iiaai?iae), 3-e — c? noiaeo
(Aieaia?aae, ?eaoa?eiao?a, Othiaiue, *eoa). I?ee?oiee iaa? aoa
ca?a?no?iaaiee c? no?aeiiai iai?yieo: ( Aaeo, Aieaia?aae, ?inoia ia
Aeiio). Eaa?aeue — eeeeoi aei Aneai?? i?ee?oa? eeoa c i?ai?/ii-
no?aeiiai iai?yieo (Eacaiue, Eoeaeoaa, Ooa). A?ea aonea i?eiineoue c
niaith aaeuei?io?a iaioa a?ae ?ioeo aeae?a ioao?a (4 aeaea).
I?ee?oathoue oe? ia?iao? c aeaeaei? i?aii/? oa i?ai?/ii- cao?aeiiai
iai?yieo (Neaiaeeiaanueeee i?aino??a, e?a?ie Aaeo??, Eae?i?ia?aaeo oa
?ioeo, a?eueo a?aeaeaeaieo i?noeue). N??a aonea aei Aneai?? i?ee?oa? c
Othiai?, *aeya?inueea, Ano?aoai?, A?oaiaaeuenueea, Eae?i?ia?aaeo.

Iaeiei c oaeoi??a, yeee aieeaa? ia oaoio aaeuei?io?a oaa?ei, ? ci?ia
ii?e ?ieo. Naciii? ci?ie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua noaaeyoue ioao?a o
??ci? oiiae aeeooy, ye?, a naith /a?ao aieeaathoue ia
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ia?aceo?a.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ci?i aaeuei?ioioaoie ioao?a caiia?aeieea, a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?e ?ieo, ie i?iaiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy a ??ci? naciie
1995-1998 ?ie?a. On? ioaoe aoee oiiaii iiae?eai? ia aeae?eueea a?oi.
?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ie i?eaiaeeii o a?ao?eao 3.4.1, 3.4.2.
A?aeiia?aeii aei a?oi, o?aaeai?noue ?iciiae?eeeany oaeei /eiii: aaniith
— 95 %, ae?oeo — 92. 5 %, ainaie — 88 %, aceieo — 83 %. Ca na?aaeiueith
e?eueeinoth aaeuei?io?a, ia?aceooth/eo a iaei?e oaa?ei?, oeeo?e
?iciiae?eeeeny o ne?aeoth/iio ii?yaeeo: ia?oa a?oia — 27 aec/aie.,
ae?oaa — 25 aec/aie., o?aoy — 21 aec/aie., o /aoaa?o?e oeae iieaciee
aei??aithaaa 12 aec/aie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeuei?ioioaoie aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae
a?eo i?iaiaeeee a ia??iae — c o?aaiy ii a?oaeaiue 1996 ?ieo. A
?acoeueoao? oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei cyniaaii, ui aaeuei?ioioaoia ioao?a
??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ??cei a?ae??ciy?oueny, ye ii e?eueeino? ciaeaeaieo
aeae?a aaeuei?io?a, oae ? ii e?eueeino? aecaiiey??a o ca?aaeaieo
ea/aiyo. Aeine?aeaeai? ioaoe aoee iiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie. Aei ia?oi?
oa?eoee ea/aiyoa a?eii aei 1 i?nyoey, aei ae?oai? — aei 3-o i?nyoe?a, a
aei o?aouei? aoee a?aeianai? aei?ine? ioaoe.

O ia?o?e oa ae?oa?e a?oiao a?aenioie o?aaeaiiy ea/aiyo aaeuei?ioaie
nyaaa 100 %. O o?ao?e a?i aei??aithaa 88 %. E?euee?noue ciaeaeaieo
aaeuei?io?a ciaoiaeeeanue a iaai?e caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo. O ioao?a
ia?oi? a?oie na?aaei?e ??aaiue o?aaeaiino? noaiiaea 28, o ae?oai? — 22,
o o?ao?e — o?eueee 12 ia?aceo?a ia aieiao.

A?aeiii, ui aea/aiiy ai?ciioe/iiai noaio c aaeuei?ioic?a ioao?a a
ainiiaea?noaao c ??cieie oiiaaie oo?eiaiiy, aiae?ae? oa ?iciiiaeaiiy
ioao?a, ? aaaeeeaei aoaiii aaeuei?ioieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?e
aea/ai? aaeuei?ioioaoie a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia oo?eiaiiy on? ioaoe aoee
oiiaii iiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie. Aei ia?oi? aoee a?aeianai? ioaoe, ye?
i?ee?oathoue ia cei?aeth, iaoeathoue a?aeie?aieaii a?ae ?ioeo ioao?a ia
aeaeuei?o noaaeao oa o *aiaeuenueeiio iiaeo. Aei ae?oai? a?oie aoee
a?aeianai? ioaoe, ye? iino?eii iaoeathoue ia a?aee?eoeo ica?ao, ? ia
a?aee?oathoue c i?e/eie aiiooiaaieo e?ee, aai oiio, ui aoee
aee?iaoeciaai?, /e aeeaooue ooo iino?eii. Aei o?aouei? a?oie aoee
aeeth/ai? ioaoe, ye? iino?eii aeeaooue o cae?eoeo aieue??ao ? i?eiee ia
iio?aieythoue aei i?noeue ia?aaoaaiiy a?eueieo ioao?a. Ioaoe ia?oi? oa
ae?oai? a?oi, a ii??aiyii? c o?aoueith, iathoue ia o?eueee a?eueoo
aenoaineai?noue o?aaeaiiy aaeuei?ioaie on?o /ioe?ueio eean?a, a e
iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue aeae?a aaeuei?io?a. Na?aaeiy aenoaineai?noue
?iaac?? ioao?a aaeuei?ioaie neeaaeaea 88 % c na?aaeiueith ?ioaineai?noth
14 aecaiiey??a ia aieiao. Ii a?oiao oe? iieacieee aeaui ?io?.

O ioao?a ia?oi? a?oie a?aei?/aii iaea?eueoee a?aenioie o?aaeaiiy —
aenoaineai?noue aeinyaaea 91 % c na?aaeiueith ?ioaineai?noth o?aaeaiiy
12 aecaiiey??a. O ae?oa?e a?oi? aiia aei??aithaaea 88 % c na?aaeiueith
?ioaineai?noth 12 aecaiiey??a ia aieiao. O ioao?a o?aouei? a?oie
a?aenioie o?aaeaiiy neeaaeaa — 60 , aea c ?ioaineai?noth 28 . sseui a
ioao?a ia?oi? oa ae?oai? a?oi ciaeaeai? aaeuei?ioe eeano aeaioioeaoae?a,
oi a o?ao?e oae? aaeuei?ioe aoee a?aenooi?. O ioao?a ia?oi? a?oie
ciaeaeaii 21 aeae aaeuei?io?a, o ae?oai? a?oie — 14, a a o?ao?e, ye ?
ia?aaeaa/aeiny — iaeiaioa e?euee?noue — 9 aeae?a aaeuei?io?a.

AAEUeI?IOIOeAIICE AeEEEO AIAeIIEAAATH*EO IOAO?A CAIIA?AeIEEA

O aeine?aeaeaieo ioao?a aeyaeai? aaeuei?ioe, a?aeiinyoueny aei 4-o
eean?a : o?aiaoiaee, oeanoiaee, iaiaoiaee oa aeaioioeaoaee.

A ?acoeueoao? ianoaaeaiue aoee aeyaeai? aeaye? caeiiii??iino?
aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae eiiiiiaioaie aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a. sseui a?aoe
caaaeuei? aaeuei?ioioeaiice, noi?iiaai? eeanaie aaeuei?io?a, oi i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? aoee aeyaeai? 4-o, 3-o, 2-o oa 1-ii eiiiiiaioi?
aaeuei?ioioeaiice ii eeanao. Aaeuei?ioioeaiice cono??/athoueny o 71%, a
aaeuei?ioice o 29% o?aaeaieo ioao?a. Aaeuei?ioe on?o /ioe?ueio eean?a
ciaeaeai? o 1,68 % ioao?a; iaiaoiaee, o?aiaoiaee oa oeanoiaee o 18,5;
oeanoiaee, o?aiaoiaee oa aeaioioeaoaee o 1,6; oeanoiaee oa o?aiaoiaee o
24; o?aiaoiaee oa iaiaoiaee o 9,3; oeanoiaee oa iaiaoiaee o 8; oeanoiaee
oa aeioioeaoaee o 1; o?aiaoiaee oa aeaioioeaoaee o 1; o?aiaoiaee o 7,3;
oeanoiaee o 7; iaiaoiaee o 8 % o?aaeaieo ioao?a. Iao?aaeaieo ioao?a aoei
12 %. Iaea?eueo? ii e?eueeino? aaeuei?ioic?a aaeuei?ioioeaiice
neeaaeaeeny c 8 aeae?a. Acaaae?, iaie aeyaeaii 18 aeae?a
aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a a?ae- 2-o aei 8 eiiiiiaioieo. E??i oiai, a?aei?/aii 9
iiiieiiiiiaioieo aaeuei?ioic?a.

C iaoith aea/aiiy naciiii? aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a, a
caiia?aeieeo “Aneai?y-Iiaa” a 1995-1997 ?ieao aoei i?iaaaeai?
iaoieiaiaiaoii?/i? ?icoeie ioao?a, ii naciiai ?ieo. .Aea/aiiy
i?iaiaeeeiny ia o?ueio i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oiao ( a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia
oo?eiaiiy). Oae o i?a?oth/eo ioao?a ie niinoa??aaee aeaa i?aeee
e?eueeino? aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a — aaniith oa in?iith — 14 oa 19 aeae?a,
a?aeiia?aeii. O aieuea?ieo ioao?a oe? iieacieee cia/ii iaio? — 3
aaniith, a iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue a?aei?/aee ae?oeo — 9. I?noeaa?
iiioeyoe?? iai?aa?eueieo ioao?a aoee o?aaeai? 11 aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie
ainaie (iaea?eueoee iieaciee), oa 4 aeaeaie aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie ae?oeo.

I?e i?eeueio? ainaie ia cei?aeth aei Aneai??, aeee? ioaoe aeiooai?
ia?aoiaeeoe, a nai?e a?eueoino?, ia o? ei?ie, ye? cai?iiiiiaai? aeey ieo
?ia?oieeaie caiia?aeieea. O i?ioean? , i?enoinoaaiiy aeey canaithaaiiy
eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a, o o?aai?e nenoai? ioao?a i?ioiaeyoue ci?ie. I?e
oeueiio, o aeayeeo ioao?a, iaa?oue, a?aei?/a?oueny ?iceaae ae?yeueiino?
oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, ui i?iyaey?oueny iaoei?eciii, ae?a?a?th oa
?io. Ci?ia ei?io nai???aeii aieeaa? ia e?euee?noue oa ye?noue
aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a.

Aeey aeine?aeo ii c’ynoaaiith aieeao ci?ie ei?i?a ia aaeuei?ioioeaiice
aoee a?aeeiaeai? 40 e?eaei?a cae/aeieo c? ca?a?, yea o?eueee-ii
i?eeao?ea ia oa?eoi??th caiia?aeieea. C ieo — 20 aie?a (eiio?ieue) aoei
c?aco caaeoi, aeey c’ynoaaiiy iieaciee?a aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a o ioao?a,
ye? ei?ieyoueny a aeee?e i?e?iae?, ?io? 20 aie?a aoee cae?eo? o aieue??,
aea aeo?eioaaeenue ia i?ioyc? i?nyoey. I?e oeueiio, ?o aiaeoaaee eeoa
eiioeaio?iaaieie, ooo/ii aeaioiaeeieie eiia?ei?iaie. *a?ac 30 aei?a
i?aeaeine?aei? ioaoe aoee caaeo? ? i?aeaeai? iiaiiio aaeuei?ioieia?/iiio
?icoeio.

A ?acoeueoao? anoaiiaeaii, ui o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iaea?eueo iioe?aieie
aoee aeaieiiiiiaioi? aaeuei?ioioeaiice, aiie neeaaeaee 36% a?ae
caaaeueii? iane aeine?aeaeaieo ioao?a.Iaeii — oa /ueioe?ueioeiiiiiaioi?
o?aaeaee eiaeiee ii 17% ioao?a. Iyoeeiiiiiaioi? -13%, nueiie — oa
o?ueioeiiiiiaioi? o?aaeaee — ii 4 %, iao?aaeaieie aeyaeee 9% ioao?a. O
ae?oa?e a?oi? iiiieiiiiiaioi? aaeuei?ioioeaiice o?aaeothoue 35%
aeine?aeaeaieo ioao?a, aeaieiiiiaioi? iaie aoee aeyaeai? o 18 %, o?ueio
? a?eueo eiiiiiaioi? aaeuei?ioioeaiice o?aaeaee 12, 11, 7, 1, 2 %%
a?aeiia?aeii, a iao?aaeaieo ioao?a a oe?e a?oi? aoei 14%.

C aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui i?e ci?i? ei?io c
i?e?iaeiiai ia i?eaioiaeaiee ooo/ii (eiia?ei?i), a i?aaieci? aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a neeaaeathoueny a?eueo ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey
?icaeoeo aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a.

OA?AI?ss OA I?IO?EAEOEEA CAOAI?THAAIUe AeEEEO AIAeIIEAAATH*EO IOAO?A
CAIIA?AeIEEA

Aioaaeuei?ioio aoaeoeai?noue aeueaaiaeacieo, eoi??oieo oa oaiaaiaeacieo
aea/aee nii/aoeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei, a iio?i a?oiiaei iaoiaeii.

Aeueaaiaeacie aei?iaoaaee o aeic? 10, 20, 30 ia/ea iaeii?aciai oa
aeai?aciai. Eiaeiee aeine?ae i?iaiaeeee ia 10 aieiaao aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a, c 10 o eiio?ie?, aieiaeio ae??oa ia i?ecia/aee.
Oaeae?? aeine?aeaeoaaeeny 1 ?ac ia aeiao, aei iiiaioo caaith. I?aia?ao
caaeaaaee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii, o aiethnao. Aeueaaiaeacie o aeic? 10 ia/ea
iaeii?aciai, aeyaea iaeo aioaaeuei?ioio aeoeai?noue (?A 26,25 — 0), o
aeic? 20 ia/ea iaeii?aciai oaeiae iaaeinoaoiuei aaeeeo ( 47,5-100 %).
I?e aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? o aeic? 30 ia/ea iaeii?aciai ?A aoea iaeaeuith —
72,5 -100%. A aeine?aeao c aeai?aciaei canoinoaaiiyi i?aia?aoo ?A
neeaaeaea: 15,8 %, 87,55 %, 94,6 — 100% a?aeiia?aeii. Ae?iaie/a
aei?iaoaaiiy aeueaaiaeacieo aoei i?iaaaeaii ia ??ciiaeaeia?e, a?euei?e
a?oi? aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a e?euee?noth 500 aie?a. Aei neeaaeo
oe??? a?oie aoiaeeee aei?ine? e?eaei? cae/aei?, eaaaae?, eaiaaenuee?
eaca?ee, iaa?? oa a?e? aone. Aeueaaiaeacie o aeaeyae? a?iaaeuecaio
caaeaaaany aeeeei ioaoai o aeic? 20 ia ia e?eia?ai caaaeueii? iane
ioao?a, aeai?aciai, c ?ioa?aaeii 5 ae?a. *a?ac 4 aeiae i?ney ae?oai?
aea/e i?aia?aoo aoei caaeoi oa aeine?aeaeaii: 1 iaa? oa 2 e?eaeiy
caa/eeiiai. O iaeiiai c ieo aoei ciaeaeaii 3 neieaene oeanoiae.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oeueiai aiaaeuei?ioeea a?aei?/aii oi?ieee niaeo? ae??
ia aaeuei?io?a o?ueio eean?a.

Eoi??oie aeine?aeaeoaaany o aeicao 100; 200; 300, 400; 500 ia/ea. Aeey
eiaeiiai c aeine?ae?a a?aee e?eaei? cae/aei? ii 10 aie?a, c iaei??th
caaaeueiith a?oiith eiio?ieth. Ioao?a, ye i?aeaeine?aeieo, oae ?
eiio?ieueieo a?oi, a?aeeiaethaaee a iaeiiio i?noe?, a iaeei /an. Aea/o
aioaaeuei?ioeea i?iaiaeeee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei iaoiaeii o aiethnao.
Ioao?a, ia?aae ia?iaeith, aeo?eioaaee ia 10 – 15 — aiaeeii?e aieiaei?e
ae??o?. Eii?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia i?ioyc? 3-o ae?a aei
oa i?ney aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe??. *a?ac 3 aeiae ioao?a caaeaaee aeey
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy.

O ae?iaie/eo oiiaao oeae i?aia?ao aeine?aeaeoaaee ia a?oi? aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ea/ie o neeaae?: 38 aei?ineeo ea?ie?iie oa 22 aei?ine?
iaiaea?eiee. E??i oiai, aei neeaaeo oe??? a?oie aoiaeeee 48 aie?a
iieiaeiyea aeuaiacaaieo ioao?a. Ioao?a oo?eioaaee o cae?eoeo aieue??ao
i?e a?aenooiino? eiioaeoo c ?ioeie ioaoaie. Aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?y aoea
aeiooaiith c i?e/eie caaeaae? a?ae aaeuei?ioic?a (anea?eae?ic oa ?io?).
I?e aaeuei?ioieii?iiaineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeyaeai? yeoey
anea?eae?e ? /eaieee oeanoiae. Eoi??oie o aeic? 400 i/ea caaaeueii? aaae
ioao?a caaeaaaee o ?aieiao aiae?aeth c iieiaeiiith /anoeiith ei?i?a.
Ai?iaeiaae 3-o ianooiieo ae?a caaeioee ua 2 ea/ee: ia?oa — o aeaiue
aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? (o ia? ciaeaeaii 184 anea?eae??), ae?oaa — /a?ac 3
aeiae i?ney aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? (i?e ?? ?icoei? aaeuei?io?a ia
ciaeaeaii). I?e aaeuei?ioieii?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo o ioao?a
aeyaeaii ianiaee a?aeo?ae caaeaeeo iaiaoiae (a?ae 20 aei 200 ). I?ney
aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? caaeaae? ioao?a a?ae aaeuei?ioic?a o oeueiio
aieue??? ca?a?no?iaaii ia aoei.

sse aa/eii c aeaiieo i?iaaaeaieo aeine?ae?a, eoi??oie ? iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiei aioaaeuei?ioeeii i?e aaeuei?ioioeaiicao, a?i c aenieith
aoaeoeai?noth ae?? ia aaeuei?io?a. Iaaeie?eii eoi??oieo ? oa, ui oeae
aioaaeuei?ioee canoiniao?oueny o aeineoue aenie?e aeic? ? i?e, iaa?oue,
iaaaeeeiio ia?aaeicoaaii? aeeeeea? o ioao?a iaoieia?/i? ci?ie o
aioo??oi?o i?aaiao (caiaeaiiy neeciai? iaieiiee eeoie, aeeno?io?y
ia/?iee, oiui).

Oaiaaiaeacie aei?iaiaoaaany a aeicao 20 oa 30 ia/ea, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii.
Aioaaeuei?ioee o /enoiio aeaeyae? caaeaaaee a aiethnao.
Aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?? ia?aaeoaaea 16-oe aiaeeiia aieiaeia ae??oa. Eae
aeine?aeaeoaaee /a?ac eiaei? 24 aiaeeie o?e?aciai. Aea/o aioaaeuei?ioeea
o o?e aea aeic? ? oei aea niiniaii aoei iiaoi?aii /a?ac 3 aei?. Ia 6-e
aeaiue ioao?a caaeaaee ? i?iaiaeeee aaeuei?ioieia?/iee ?icoei.
Ae?iaie/ee aeine?ae aoa i?iaaaeaiee ia 100 aieiaao ??ciiaeaeiai? ca?a?
aeeeeo ea/ie i?i?oinaeoe?? caiia?aeieea. Ia?iaeyee o?eueee aei?ineeo
ioao?a. Aioaaeuei?ioeee caaeaaaee c ei?iii a?aioe?. Aeey e?auiai
ii?aeaiiy ei?io c aioaaeuei?ioeeii, aa/??i? aiaeoaaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii
o?ioe ?ai?oa, i?ae cae/aeii, oa a iaio?e aeic?. *a?ac 3 aei?
aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?th aoei iiaoi?aii. Aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aioaaeuei?ioee?a, aei ia?oi? ia?iaee, oa /a?ac 5 aei?a i?ney iiaoi?ii?
aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe??, aoei a?aeeiaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii ii 5 ioao?a. I?e
oeueiio aoei aeyaeaia oaea ?ioainaoaeoeai?noue i?aia?aoo: iaiaoiaee —
100%, o?aiaoiaee — 74%, oeanoiaee — 68%. Oaiaaiaeacie aoaeoeaiee aeey
ai?ioueae c aaeuei?ioaie ie?aieo aeae?a, aea canoinoaaiiy oeueiai
i?aia?aoo i?e aaeuei?ioioeaiioe/i?e ?iaac??, ia aei?aaaeiao? naaa c
i?e/eie iecueei? aoaeoeaiino? i?ioe oeanoiae.

Oaeei /eiii, iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?ae?a oa
ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiue, na?ae/aoue i?i aenieo aoaeoeai?noue aeey
oa?ai?? ? i?io?eaeoeee aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a oaeeo aioaaeuei?ioee?a, ye aeueaaiaeacie,
eoi??oie oa ?o e?ea?nuee? oi?ie. Aeai? i?aia?aoe a ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo
aeicao ia iathoue oiene/i? ae?? ia i?aai?ci ioao?a.

Iniiaith niaoe?aeueieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a i?e aaeuei?ioioeaiicao ?
o?i?ii?io?eaeoeea, ye i?a?iaa?iaeueia, oa ?iaa?iaeueia. I?a?iaa?iaeueia
o?i?ii?io?eaeoeea cae?enith?oueny oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy aeae?eueeio
aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?e, iai?aaeaieo ia ae?i?iaoe?th ianoaoaaic??eeo
ia?aceo?a, ui caiia?aa? ?iaacoaaiith i?ei?uaiue, aeaoe?a, ieyae?a oiui.
Iaea?eueo iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao aeinyaa?oueny i?e canoinoaaii?
aeueaaiaeacieo o aeaeyae? eiai e?ea?nueeeo oi?i, o aeic? 30 ia (ii AAeA)
ia e?eia?ai iane o?ea, aeai?aciai c ?ioa?aaeii 5 aei?a. Iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? i?e canoinoaaii? eoi??oieo o aeic? 400 ia ia
e?eia?ai iane o?ea ioao?a iaeii?aciai. Canoinoaaiiy aeuaiacaaieo
aioaaeuei?ioee?a, ?acii c ?ioeie caoiaeaie, coiiaeth? iaae?eiee
i?io?eaeoe/iee aoaeo i?e aaeuei?ioioeaiicao aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo
ioao?a. Oe?ia ia?iaee 100 aie?a ioao?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeiaiai
neeaaeo ca?a? neeaaea? 4,8 — 12 a?eaaiue (4,8 — 12 eii./aie.).

Eiiieaen i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe a on? ii?e ?ieo.
A ia?oee ia??iae icaei?iaeaiiy i?iaiaeyoue 8 — 9 aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?e, a
ianooii? ?iee e?euee?noue aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe?e ciaioo?oueny aei 5. I?e
i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith cania?a oa?ai?? oa i?io?eaeoeee
aaeuei?ioic?a oa aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a o aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” aoei cyniaaii, ui o caaeoeo ioao?a
aaeuei?ioioeaiice aeyaeythoueny a a?eueo?e ?ioaineaiino? o ii??aiyii? c
e?euee?noth ia?aceo?a, ciaeaeaieo o caaeaeeo ioao?a. Canoinoaaiiy a
1997-1998 ?ieao cai?iiiiiaaieo iaie e?eoaaeueieo oa i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a i?e aaeuei?ioioeaiicao aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a o
A?inoa?iiio caiia?aeieeo “Aneai?y-Iiaa” ?i. O.A. Oaeueoe-Oaeia
aeicaieeei nooo?ai ciaioeoe o?aaeai?noue ioao?a aaeuei?ioaie, ciaioeei
??aaiue caaeaae? ye iieiaeiyeo, oae ? aei?ineeo ioao?a caiia?aeieea.
Aoaeoeaieie aiaaeuei?ioeeaie c aeine?aeaeaieo iaie ? eoi??oie o aeic?
400 ia/ea iane o?ea, oa aeueaaiaeacie o aeic? 20 ia/ea (AAeA) iane o?ea
aeai?aciai.

AENIIAEE

1. Ia oa?eoi??? Aea?aeaaiiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa”
?i. O.A. Oaeueoe-Oaeia ciaoiaeyoueny o?e a?oie iiioeyoe?e aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a, ye? ??ciyoueny i?ae niaith oiiaaie ia?aaoaaiiy:
ia?oa — iaa?eueia, yea oo?eio?oueny o cae?eoeo aieue??ao; ae?oaa —
iai?aa?eueia, yea iaoea? ia a?aee?eoeo noaaeao, aea c ??cieo i?e/ei ia
a?aee?oa? a ?io? i?noey; o?aoy — a?eueia, i?a?oth/a. Ioaoe an?o a?oi a
na?aaeiueiio o?aaeai? aaeuei?ioaie ia 88 %.

2. O ioao?a 16 ianoaaeaieo aeae?a aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
aeyaeaii 4 eeane aaeuei?io?a: o?aiaoiae (7 aeae?a); oeanoiae (8
aeae?a);iaiaoiae (5 aeae?a) oa aeaioioeaoae?a (3 aeaee). Aaeuei?ioioaoia
aeeth/a? 23 aeaee, cie?aia:

O?aiaoiaee: Enhinostoma paraulum, Enhinostoma revolutum,
Achinoparyphium cinctum, Echinoparyphium recurvatum, Notocotylus
attenuatus, Opistorchus simulans, Catatropis verrucosa.

Oeanoiaee: Microsomacantus paramicrosoma, Microsomacantus
norvula,Microsomacantus abortiva, Mabolevicantus gracilis,Wardium
aequadilis, Myxolepis collaris,Drepanidotenia lanceolata, Fimbriaria
sp.

Iaiaoiaee: Amidostomum anseris, Heterakis sp.,Capillaria anseris,
Ascaridia galli, Trichostrongylus tenuis.

Aeaioioeaoaee: Polymorphus minutus, Polymorphus magnus, Filicollis
anatis.

Aeaioioeaoaee aoee aeyaeai? o aaeuei?ioioaoi? caiia?aeieea aia?oa.

3.?ioaineai?noue ?iaac?? a iiioeyoe?yo ioao?a ??cia ? eieeaa?oueny a?ae
0 aei 9. I?e oeueiio ioaoe, ye? aoee a?euei? a?ae aaeuei?io?a, neeaaeaee
12%, c iiii?iaac?yie — 9,6; o ioao?a c? ci?oaieie ?iaac?yie, a ye?
aoiaeeei 2,3,4,5 oa a?eueoa eiiiiiaio?a iieacieee ?iciiae?eeeenue
a?aeiia?aeii — 16,3; 23,4; 18,5; 9,2; 1,5; 9,9; 5,4 %.

4.Aenoaineai?noue oa ?ioaineai?noue ?iaac?? ioao?a caeaaeaee a?ae naciio
?ieo ? neeaaeaee a?aeiia?aeii: aaniith — 95 % (27aec/aie), ae?oeo — 92.
5 % (25 aec/aie), ainaie — 88 % (21aec/aie), a aceieo — 83 % (12
aec/aie).

5.Ia nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a aaeuei?ioaie, nooo?ai
aieeaaa ?o a?e. O ea/aiyo aenoaineai?noue ?iaac?? aeinyaaea 100% ?
aeeth/aea 7 aeae?a aaeuei?io?a, o aei?ineeo – a?aeiia?aeii 88% oa 23
aeaee.

6. Aaeuei?ioinoaoon ioao?a caiia?aeieea caeaaeaa a?ae oiia oo?eiaiiy: o
a?eueieo ioao?a — iaea?eueoee a?aenioie o?aaeaiiy (91) oa iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue aeae?a ia?aceooth/eo aaeuei?io?a (23), a o aieue??ieo ioao?a
oe? iieacieee iaio? — a?aeiia?aeii — 60% oa 9 aeae?a aaeuei?io?a.

7. Aenoaineai?noue o?aaeaiiy aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
aaeuei?ioioeaiicaie neeaaeaea 71%, ie?aieie aaeuei?ioicaie 29%.

8. Aaeuei?ioe on?o eean?a ciaeaeai? o 1,68 % aeine?aeaeaieo ioao?a;
iaiaoiaee, o?aiaoiaee oa oeanoiaee — 18,5; o?aiaoiaee, oeanoiaee, oa
aeaioioeaoaee — 1,6; o?aiaoiaee oa oeanoiaee — 24; o?aiaoiaee oa
iaiaoiaee — 9,3; oeanoiaee oa iaiaoiaee — 8; oeanoiaee oa aeaioioeaoaee
— 1; o?aiaoiaee oa aeaioioeaoaee — 1; o?aiaoiaee — 7,3; oeanoiaee — 7;
iaiaoiaee — 8 %. Ia o?aaeaieo ioao?a aoei 12 %.

9. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaie noaie i?ioeaaeuei?ioicieo caoiae?a aeicaieeee
cieceoe ??aaiue caaeaae? na?aae iieiaeiyea aieue??ieo ioao?a a?ae 50-60
% aei 3-5 %, a o a?eueii iaoeath/eo ioao?a — c 25-30 % aei 5-10 %.

10. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie aioaaeuei?ioeeaie i?e aaeuei?ioioeaiicao
aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea aoee eoi??oie o aeic? 400
ia/ea iane o?ea iaeii?aciai ( AA — 100%) oa aeueaaiaeacie o aeic? 20
ia/ea (AAe?) iane o?ea aeai?aciai ( AA — 87,5%).

Nienie ?ia?o iioae?eiaaieo ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1. Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. Aaeuei?ioioeaiice aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
Aea?aeaaiiai A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea //Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie.
— 1998 — ?9.- n. 15

2. Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. Ia?aceoioaoia aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a
A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” // A?niee Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1998 — ?2.- n. 143-147.

3. Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. I?a?oth/? ioaoe ye ?iciianthaeaeoaaoae? ?iaac?eieo
ii/aoe?a ia oa?eoi??? caiia?aeieea Aneai?y-Iiaa. // Iaoa??aee 3-?
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “E?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeea
ae??aieo oaa?ei.- Ee?a: IAO, 1998.- n. 104-108.

4.Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. Ae?iaie/? aeine?aee c aeaaaeuei?ioecaoe??
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a. // A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1999.- ?3.- n. 12-14.

Aa?aaeiee Ae.A. Aaeuei?ioioaoia oa aaeuei?ioioeaiice aeeeeo
aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a A?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea “Aneai?y-Iiaa” ?i. O.A.
Oaeueoe-Oaeia, ?ic?iaea i?ioeaaeuei?ioicieo caoiae?a ai?ioueae oa
i?io?eaeoeee.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe c niaoe?aeueiino? 03.00.18. – ia?aceoieia?y, aaeuei?ioieia?y.
?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?ie/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI,
Oa?uee?a 1999 ??e.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aea/aiiy aaeuei?ioioaoie oa
aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a o aeeeeo aiaeiieaaath/eo ioao?a caiia?aeieea
“Aneai?y-Iiaa”. A aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeai? iieacieee aaeuei?ioioaoie oa
aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a, ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae a?eo, naciio, oiia iiiaoeaiiy,
oa aiae?ae?. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaai? i?ioeaaeuei?ioici?
noaie ai?ioueae oa i?io?eaeoeee. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? ciaeoee
i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a caiia?aeieeo “Aneai?y-Iiaa” oa aeey ?ic?iaie
iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie ii e?ea?aeaoe?? aaeuei?ioic?a oa aaeuei?ioioeaiic?a
a caiia?aeieeao, ciiia?eao, ia?eao, ieneeanuee?o ainiiaea?noaao oa
ciieooeao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeee? aiaeiieaaath/e ioaoe aaeuei?ioice,
aaeuei?ioioeaiice, , aioaaeuei?ioeee.

Aa?aaeiie Ae.A. Ia?aceoioaoia e ia?aceoioeaiicu aeeeeo aiaeiieaaathueo
ioeoe Aeinoa?iiai caiiaaaeieea “Aneaiey-Iiaa” ei. O.A.Oaeueoe-Oaeia,
?ac?aaioea i?ioeaiaaeueieioiciuo ia?ii?eyoee ai?ueau e i?ioeeaeoeee. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.18. — ia?aceoieiaey, aaeueieioieiaey. Einoeooo
yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu OAAI, Oa?ueeia,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eco/aiey aaeueieioioaoiu e
aaeueieioioeaiicia o aeeeeo aiaeiieaaathueo ioeoe caiiaaaeieea
“Aneaiey-Iiaa”.

Eco/aiea aeaeiaiai ninoaaa aaeueieioioaoiu aeeeeo aiaeiieaaathueo ioeoe
caiiaaaeieea “Aneaiey-Iiaa” a ia?eiae 1995-1998 aiaeia, iieacaei, /oi ii
ian/eouaaao 23 aeaea ia?aceoe/aneeo /a?aae 4-o eeannia: iaiaoiaeu (5
aeaeia), oeanoiaeu (8 aeaeia) o?aiaoiaeu (7 aeaeia) e aeaioioeaoaeu (3
aeaea). Iineaaeiee eeann ia oa??eoi?ee caiiaaaeieea ?aaeno?e?oaony
aia?aua. N 490 ane?uouo ioeoe — 88% ieacaeenue ii?aaeaiiuie
aaeueieioaie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o aeeeeo aiaeiieaaathueo ioeoe
caiiaaaeieea iaeiia?aiaiii iiaeao ia?aceoe?iaaoue io 1 aei 8 aeaeia
aaeueieioia. Ia?eceoe?iaaiea iaeiiai aeaea ia?aceoe/aneeo /a?aae o
ioaeaeueiie iniae ano?a/aeinue o 9,6% enneaaeiaaiiuo ioeoe, aeeiaacee o
16,3%, o?eeiaacee o 23,4%, /aou?a e aieaa neiaeiua eiaacee ano?a/aeenue
a 18,5, 9,2, 1,5, 9,9, 5,4%% niioaaonoaaiii. Naiaiaeiua io eiaacee
ioeoeu ninoaaeyee 12%. Eco/aia naciiiay e aic?anoiay aeeiaieea ?acaeoey
aaeueieioicia, i?e yoii auyniaii, /oi aaniith AE e EE ninoaaeyao 95%(27
yec/aie), eaoii — 92,5% (25 yec/aie), inaiueth- 88% (21 yec/aie), ceiie
— 83% (12 yec/aie). Iaeaieaa neeueiia ii?aaeaiea iaaethaeaaony o
iieiaeiyea aei 3-o ianyoeaa e aeinoeaaao 100% i?e 7 ia?aceoe?othueo
aeaeao aaeueieioia, o ac?ineuo ioeoe yoe iieacaoaee eciaiythony aei 88%
e 23 aeaea ia?aceoia. Ana ioeoeu caiiaaaeieea ii oneiaeyi aeecie
?acaeaeaiu ia 3 a?oiiu. E ia?aie a?oiia ioiinyony ioeoeu, niaea?aeaueany
a aieuea?ao, iinoiyiii iio?aaeythuea oieueei eiioeaio?e?iaaiiua,
eneonnoaaiii i?eaioiaeaiiua ei?ia e ia eiathuea aiciiaeiinoe
eiioaeoe?iaaoue n aieueiuie ioeoeaie. O yoeo ioeoe i?e enneaaeiaaiee
auyaeaiu aaeueieiou 9 aeaeia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaee 60% ioeoe yoie a?oiiu.
Ei aoi?ie a?oiia ioiinyo ioeoe caiiaaaeieea, aeeaoueo ia i?oaeao
caiiaaaeieea, ieoathueony eae anoanoaaiiuie, oae e eneonnoaaiiuie
ei?iaie. Yoe ioeoeu eiatho aaniethoii naiaiaeiua eiioaeou n i?ee?oiuie
ioeoeaie. E o?aoueae a?oiia ioiinyo aeeeeo iea?e?othueo ioeoe
caiiaaaeieea, eioi?ua auee ii?aaeaiu ia 91 % 23 aeaeaie aaeueieioia.
Auyniaii, /oi ca?aae?iiua ioeoeu ia 29% ii?aaeaiu aaeueieioicaie, a
aaeueieioioeaiicu ?aaeno?e?iaaee o 71% ioeoe. I?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey
ii ?ac?aaioea ia? ai?ueau e i?ioeeaeoeee aaeueieioioeaiicia ioeoe.
Auyaeaiu iaeaieaa iioeiaeueiua aioaaeueieioeee — eoi?eoie, a aeica 400
ia/ea aeeaie iannu iaeiie?aoii e aeueaaiaeacie a aeica 30 ia/ea (AAeA)
aeeaie iannu aeaoe?aoii, a oaeaea ?ac?aaioaiu e i?aaeeiaeaiu noaiu
i?ioeaiaaeueieioiciuo ia?, iicaieythueo cia/eoaeueii nieceoue o?iaaiue
ca?aaeaiey ioeoe aaeueieioioeaiicaie, a oaeaea o?iaaiue aeaaee ioeoe
caiiaaaeieea a n?aaeiai ia 80%. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee
i?iiuoeaiiia i?eiaiaiea a caiiaaaeieea “Aneaiey Iiaa” e aeey ?ac?aaioie
iaoiaee/aneeo oeacaiee ii eeeaeaeaoeee aaeueieioia e aaeueieioioeaiicia
a caiiaaaeieeao, ciiii?eao, ia?eao, ioioie/eo oicyenoaao, ciioaieeao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeeea aiaeiieaaathuea ioeoeu, aaeueieioicu,
aaeueieioioeaiicu, aioaaeueieioeee.

Bereshnoy D.V. Helminthopfaun and parasitocenozum wildgk floating on
water of birds Biosphere of reserve “Ascania-New” by him. F.E.
Pfaltc-Feinae, development antihelmintology of measures of struggle and
preventive maintenance. Manuscript.

The thesis is devoted to questions of learning helmyntofaun and
helmyntocenosis at wild floating on a waterof birds of reserve
“Askania-New”. In a thesis the parameters helmyntofaun and
helmyntocenosis, their dependence on age, season, conditions iaeoaiey,
and ahe uses of food are shown. Are offered antihelmyntosis of the
scheme of struggle that of preventive maintenance. The main results of
operation have found industrial application in reserve “Askania-New” and
to development of the methodical recommendations on liquidation
helmynthosis and helmyntocenosis in reserves, zoos, parks, huntings
facilities.

Thesis on obtaining of a scientific degree of the candidate of
veterinary sciences on a speciality 03.00.18. — parasitologi,
gelmintilogy. Institute of experimental and clinical veterinary medicine
UAAS , Kharkov 1999.

Key word: Helminthopfaun, parasitocenozum , wild floating on water bird,
anthelminticae.

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