AeIII?IIAO?IANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OIIAA?NEOAO

Oaiiaaeiaa Iaoaeiy Iao?iaia

OAeE 801.5.3

Ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/iee noaoon ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie o no/aniie
oe?a?inueeie iiai

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oieieiai/ieo iaoe

Aeiii?iiao?ianuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?i oe?a?inueei? iiae Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee – aeieoi? oieieiai/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?, aeaaeaiie AI AO Oe?a?ie

Caaiioei Aiaoieie Iaianiae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao,

caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oieieiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

??iieaiei Naioeaia sseiaia,

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo eoeueoo?e neiaa ? noee?noeee

eaiaeeaeao oieieiai/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ii?ic Aaeaioeia sseiaia,

Aeiii?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao,

eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa – ?iaiainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaiai/iee

iinoeooo, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny____ eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo i____aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.051.05 aeey caoenoo
aeena?oaoeie ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oieieiai/ieo iaoe
i?e Aeiii?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oiiaa?neoaoi ca aae?anith: 320065,
i.Aeiii?iiao?ianuee. i?ia.Iaoeiaee, 13, ei?ion 1, oieieiai/iee
oaeoeueoao.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeiaie aiaeiioaoei
Aeiii?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaii “___” __________ 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? oieieiai/ieo

iaoe, aeioeaio O.N.I?enoaeei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy coiiaeth?oueny aiaenooiinoth eiiieaeniiai
aiaeico ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eaoaai?i? ii?iaiyiiy a no/aniie
oe?a?inueeie iiai, iaii?aoeueiaaiinoth ieoaiiy ia?aaeeaiaoeee
eiiia?aoeaiiai ciinoo.

Aaaaoiieaiiainoue oaiiiaia, iicia/oaaiiai oa?iiiii “ii?iaiyiiy”,
coiiaeei eiai ?icaeyae o oieinionueeiio (aiinaieiai/iiio), eiai/iiio oa
eiiaainoe/iiio aniaeoao. Inoaiiie ia?aaeaa/a? iineiaeiaio
aeeoa?aioeiaoeith ii?iaiyiiy ye ia’?eoa a?aiaoeee, eaeneeieiai?,
o?acaieiai?, noeeinoeee. Iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeeo eieueeinoue
aeineiaeaeaiue (ii/eiath/e c aioe/ieo /ania), i?enay/aieo aiae?co
eaoaai??? ii??aiyiiy, i?iaeaia caeeoa?oueny iaae?ioaiith, ineieueee ia
eiaeiiio aoaii iaoeiaiai iiciaiiy c’yaeythoueny iiai aniaeoe ??
?icaeyaeo. I?ioyaii inoaiiio aeanyoe?i/ o no/aniie eiiainoeoei
cai?iiiiiaaii ?icii iiaeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ii??aiyiiy, anoaiiaeaiiy eiai
e?iaa?noe/ii? oa iae?aa?noe/ii? noo?.

*?oei noi?ioethaaeenue o iiaiciaanoa? eiioeaioe??, ca yeeie ii?iaiyiiy
1) ?icaeyaea?oueny o niiaaiaeiioaiii c iaoaoi?ith (I.Ae.A?oothiiaa,
A.I.Aiae, A.I.Oaeiy oa ii.); 2) c’yniao?oueny niaoeeoiea ae?aaeaiiy
ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue (TH.Ae.Ai?anyi, A.?.Eiiiiaiei, A.O.I?eyoeiia,
I.I.Oe?ieiaa oa ii.); 3) ie?aneth?oueny ii??aiyiiy ye cania oi?ioaaiiy
aaoi?nueeiai noeeth (E.A.Aieitho, I.A.Ii?icia oiui); 4) aecia/a?oueny
noaoon ii??aiyiiy o o?acaieiai/iiio oiiae? (E.A.Aaenaioue?a,
I.O.Aeaoi?aiei, E.A.Eaaaae?aa oa ii). Iiaeyaee no/anieo iaoeiaoeia ia
no?oeoo?o, naiaioeeo e ooieoei? ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie aei
inoaiiueiai /ano ia ? ocaiaeaeaieie e ia?iaeei noia?a/aoue iaeei
iaeiiio, ui naiae/eoue i?i aiaenooiinoue caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? eiioeaioei?
ii?iaiyiiy a oe?a?inueeie iiai.

Iniaeeai? cia/ouinoi a no/aniiio iiaiciaanoai iaaoei oaeiae ieoaiiy
a?aiaoe/iiai noaoono ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie. Cie?aia, aeeneonieiith
? i?iaeaia ?iciaaeoaaiiy oae caaieo ii?iaiyeueieo cai?ioia i iiae?yaeieo
ii?iaiyeueieo ?a/aiue.

Cia/ii o?oaeiiui a ieaii aeineiaeaeaiiy oaiiiaia ii?iaiyiiy a
oe?a?inueeie iiai ni?e/eiththoueny aiaenooiinoth oiiaa?naeueiiai,
caaaeueiiaeciaiiai iaai?o oa?iiiia. Oae, oa?iiie “ii?iaiyiiy”,
“ii?iaiyeueia eiino?oeoeiy”, “ii?iaiyeueiee cai?io”, “ii?iaiyeueia
no?oeoo?a” oiui aeei?enoiaothoueny eiiaainoaie iaaiith ii?ith
aeiaieueii, oi – ye neiiiiie, oi – ye aaniethoii ?icii iiiyooy, oi,
iaaiaee, cianii ioioiaeiththoueny. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaoi/iinoi o
o?aeooaaiii iiiyoue, niiaaiaeiinieo ic iiaiei ii?iaiyiiyi, a ia?iaeei
niioai?th? ?icoiiiiy aaoi?nueei? iiceoei? caaaeii. O ca’yceo c oeei
aeieea? iaiaoiaeiinoue ii?aoethaaiiy oa?iiiieiai/iiai aia?aoo, cie?aia,
aecia/aiiy iiiiiaeueiiai iaai?o oa?iiiia, iaiaoiaeieo aeey
aeineiaeaeaiiy a aniaeoi cacia/aii? i?iaeaie.

Ioaea, ii?iaiyeueii eiino?oeoei? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae iiaeii? aooe
aeaoaeueii aea/ii o ieaii ae?iaeaiiy ?aeeii? iineiaeiaii? oai?i? ia
iniiai iaeaieueo ia?aeiieeaeo oaeoia, yeeie caaaaoeeany eiiaainoeea
i?ioyaii inoaiiio ?ieia, ui e coiiaeth? iaoo aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Iaoith aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai
noaoono ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ae?ioaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1) ?ice?eoe ciino iiiyoue: ii?iaiyiiy, eiiia?aoeaaia, ii?iaiyeueia
eiino?oeoeiy, ii?iaiyeueiee cai?io, noa’?eo ii?iaiyiiy, ia’?eo
ii?iaiyiiy, iniiaa ii?iaiyiiy, iieaciee ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue,
ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ia eaoaai?iy ii?iaiyiiy;

2) nenoaiaoecoaaoe ii?iaiyeueii eiino?oeoei? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae
ca no?oeoo?iith i?aaiicaoei?th, ca nooiaiai aeyao eiiia?aoeaii?
naiaioeee;

3) aeineiaeeoe ia?aaeeaiaoeeo e neioaaiaoeeo eiiiiiaioia
ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eaoaai?i? ii?iaiyiiy;

4) c’ynoaaoe niaoeeoieo ?aaeicaoei? ii?iaiyeueiiai ciinoo a iaaeao
eiaeiiai eeano eiiia?aoeaai oa iaio ?iieo oa?oiiaaiue o ?o neeaaei;

5) i?iaiaeicoaaoe iniaeeainoi ooieoeiiioaaiiy eiiia?aoeaai no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae ye ?icii?iaiaaeo iaeeieoeue, ui ooai?ththoue
ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/io eaoaai?ith ii?iaiyiiy;

6) i?inoaaeeoe naiaioe/ii aiaeiioaiiy iiae eiiiiiaioaie eiiia?aoeaai
?icieo no?oeoo?ieo oeiia.

Ca’ycie ic iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoei? ocaiaeaeaia c ieaiii
iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaa?neoaoo e ?ice?eaa? iaeei ic aniaeoia i?iaeaie “Aeeiaii/ii i?ioeane
a oe?a?inueeie a?aiaoeoei“, iaae yeith i?aoeth? eaoaae?a; oaia ?iaioe
caoaa?aeaeaia a/aiith ?aaeith Aeiiaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ocaiaeaeaia a
oaeiio oi?ioethaaii? a ?aae? c eii?aeeiaoe?? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o
aaeoc? iiaiciaanoaa a Oe?a?i?.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ? noeoiiinoue ii?iaiyeueieo
eiino?oeoeie no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae – ?icii?iaiaaeo iiaieo
iaeeieoeue, yei (aieueoith /e iaioith ii?ith) ?aaeicothoue eiiia?aoeaio
naiaioeeo.

I?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue 2 caaaeueii eeane eiiia?aoeaai, o
neeaaei yeeo aeie?aieththoueny iaio ?iii oa?oiiaaiiy: 1) c iiieioeeoiei
iieacieeii: a) i?eneiaieeiai c i?aoienii ii- i nooienaie -iio-, -aio-,
-e-; a) c i?oaeiei aiaeiiieii o ii?iaiyeueiiio cia/aiii; a) nooienaeueii
ooai?aiiy ic cia/aiiyi /anoeiai? iiaeiaiinoi; 2) c aenieioeeoiei
iieacieeii ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue: a) eiino?oeoei? c iieacieeii
niieo/ieeiaiai oeio; a) eiiia?aoeaaie c eaenaiaie aiaee?eoi? naiaioeee
oeio: noiaeee, iiaeiaiee, caeaaaoeny oiui.

Iaoa?iaeii aeineiaeaeaiiy noaei iiiaae 5 oeny/ ii?iaiyeueieo
eiino?oeoeie no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, ia?aaaaeii aeeo/aieo iaoiaeii
nooeieueii? aeai?ee c i?eaiiaeueieo ooaeiaeiio oai?ia oe?a?inueeeo
ienueiaiieeia eiioey 19-20 noieiooy, ia?aeeaaeia oai?ia ca?oaiaeieo
aaoi?ia; /anoeio iaoa?iaeo caoieniaaii a iaoeiaiio, ?iciiaiiio iiaeaiii,
ioaeioeenoeoei. E?ii oiai, iaie aiaeicothoueny eiiia?aoeaii
o?acaieiai/ii iaeeieoei, ui iiaeathoueny o neiaieeao noieeeo ia?iaeieo
ii?iaiyiue, a oaeiae iaoa?iaee Eaene/ii? ea?oioaee ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie oa ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ii.I.I.Iioaaii
IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieiai/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? ae?aeaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei iiae ye
aei oe?e?nii? oa aca?iiiia’ycaii? nenoaie, ui ia?aaoaa? a iino?eiiio
?icaeoeo oa ?on?, ona?aeiieaiiy iiae ye noni?eueiiai yaeua.

I?e aiae?c? iaoa??aeo nie?aeeny ia iiiyooy ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ii?
eaoaai?i? (ONE) ii?iaiyiiy. ONE – oea iaeeieoey “ocaaaeueithth/iai
ieaio, no?oeoo?ia i?aaiicaoeiy yei? ia?aaeaa/a? iayaiinoue oeiei?
nenoaie caniaia ?aaeicaoei? neeaaeieeia oeo /e oeo caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
iiiyoue”. Ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ia eaoaai?iy ca nai?th no?oeoo?ith ?
“?iciiieaiiaith aaee/eiith, yea ia’?aeio? aeaiaioe ?icieo i??a?oi/ieo
iiaieo ?iaiia, ui ?aaeicothoue ?? naiaioeeo”.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoei? ? aeineiaeaeaiiy ii?iaiyiue o i?aoeyo
aio/eciyieo oa ca?oaiaeieo iiaiciaaoeia. Aea/aiiy iaie ii?iaiyeueieo
eiino?oeoeie aaaeaoueny c o?aooaaiiyi eiaiei-a?aiaoe/ii? iiaeaei
ii?iaiyiiy, cai?iiiiiaaii? ?.E.Eo/a?aieii oa ?icaeiooi? ? iiaeeaeaii?
?ioeie e?iaa?noaie.

Niaoeeoieith oaie coiiaeaii eiiieaeniee iiaeoiae aei aeai?o iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy: iieniaiai, o?ainoi?iaoeieiiai, iaoiaeo iiaeaethaaiiy,
ooieoeiiiaeueiiai aiaeico, a oaeiae aeaiaioia anioeiaoeaiiai oa
eiioaenooaeueiiai iaoiae?a.

Aea/aiiy ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie oe?a?inueei? iiae ia? aaaiia
oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia iieyaa? o c’ynoaaiii niaoeeoiee ooieoeiiioaaiiy a
oe?a?inueeie iiai ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie ?icieo no?oeoo?ieo oeiia;
anoaiiaeaiii ?o oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ieo, naiaioe/ieo,
naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo, eiioiieaoeaieo iniaeeainoae; aecia/aiii iinoey
eiiia?aoeaai o iaoeiiiaeueii-iiaiie ea?oeii naioo. Oai?aoe/ii
ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiooue canoinoaaiiy a aeineiaeaeaiiyo c
ooieoeiiiaeueii? a?aiaoeee no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, i?e noai?aii?
neiaiee?a oe?a?inueei? iiae (anioe?aoeaieo, neiii?i?/ieo oiui).

I?aeoe/ia ia?aaeaa/a? aeeii/aia e ia?aeiieeaa o?aeooaaiiy no?oeoo?e e
naiaioeee eiiia?aoeaai, onoiaiiy noia?a/iinoae o ?o oeoia/aiii caaaeii i
iiae /an aea/aiiy neioaeneno a oeieao i aocao cie?aia. ?acoeueoaoe
aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e iaienaiii aocianueeeo
iiae?o/ieeia i iaa/aeueieo iiniaieeia, /eoaiii niaoeeo?nia, i?iaaaeaiii
naiiia?ia ic no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, aeeeaaeaii? oe?a?inueei? iiae o
aeu?e oa na?aaei?e oeie?, ii?aoethaaii? iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
i?aoe?aiee?a cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? 1) a oiio, ui iiaia ii?iaiyiiy aia?oa
?icaeyaea?oueny a iaaeao ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eaoaai?i?
ii?iaiyiiy, ic canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeniiai iiaeoiaeo aei oeueiai
aaaaoianiaeoiiai oaiiiaia, oiaoi i?inoaaeaiiyi eiai ooieoeiiioaaiiy ia
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio, aeeaeiiiio, naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio e
eiioiieaoeaiiio ?iaiyo; 2) aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoai
c’yniao?oueny niaoeeoiea ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie caaaeii, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? aiaeiiaiaeue ia ieoaiiy: a) yei iciaee aiae?iciythoue
aoaeue-yeo ii?iaiyeueio eiino?oeoeith oe?a?inueei? iiae aiae aoaeue-yei?
iaii?iaiyeueii?; a) yei aiaeiioaiiy iiae iaeeieoeyie ?icieo iiaieo
?iaiia coiiaeththoue eiiia?aoeaiee ciico oi?? /e iioi? ii?iaiyeueii?
eiino?oeoei?, oiaoi, a /iio iieyaa? iaoaiici ?aaeicaoei? eiiia?aoeaii?
naiaioeee a no/aniie oe?a?inueeie iiai; 3) aei iaoeiaiai iaiao
aaiaeeoueny oa?iii eiiia?aoeaaia ia iicia/aiiy aoaeue-yei? iiaii?
eiino?oeoei?, yea ?aaeico? ii?iaiyeueiee ciino; 4) i?iiiio?oueny nenoaia
e?eoa?i?a aecia/aiiy a?aiaoe/iiai noaoono iiaieo ii?iaiyiue o iaaeao
i?inoiai e neeaaeiiai ?a/aiue; 5) aei iaoeiaiai iaiao aaiaeeoueny
cia/iee oaeoe/iee iaoa?iae (ii?iaiyeueii eiino?oeoei? ?icieo no?oeoo?ieo
oeiia, aeeo/aii c ooaeiaeiio oaenoia).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O aeena?oaoeieiiio aeineiaeaeaiii aia?oa
iiaea?oueny nenoaiiee iien eiiia?aoeaai no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o aioo?ioiueino?oeoo?ieo, ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo oa
neioaaiaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae i caeiiiii?iinoae; c’yniao?oueny nieneiaa
?iiinoue iiiyoue: ii?iaiyiiy, ii?iaiyeueia eiino?oeoeiy, eiiia?aoeaaia,
ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ia eaoaai?iy ii?iaiyiiy; i?inoaaeothoueny
iai?yie iineeaiiy/iaeo?aeicaoei? eiiia?aoeaiiai ciinoo ia iiaenoaai
a?aooaaiiy niaoeeoiee no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo niiaaiaeiioaiue iiae
eiiiiiaioaie eiiia?aoeaai.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy iaaiai?thaaeany ia caniaeaiii eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo. ?acoeueoaoe
aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaiaeiieyeeny ia Iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iie
eiioa?aioei? c ieoaiue ooieoeiiiaeueii? a?aiaoeee (Oe?a?ia, Aeiiaoeuee,
1994), ia Anaoe?a?inueeie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei?, i?enay/aiie
?ieiaeiai Ieaaa Ieueaee/a (Aeiiaoeuee, 1995), Iiaeia?iaeiie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei?, i?enay/aiie ?ieiaeiai A.Noona e
A.Ninth?e (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998), caniaeaiiyo iiaeaocianueeiai
eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iiai naiiia?o (Aeiiaoeuee, 1995, 1996), iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioeiyo aeeeaaea/ia i nooaeaioia Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaa?neoaoo (Aeiiaoeuee, 1995, 1996, 1997). C oaie aeena?oaoei?
iioaeieiaaii 3 noaooi e 1 oace aeiiiaiae?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, aeaio ?icaeieia,
aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa eioa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoei? – 180 n.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooii ia??oioiao?oueny aeai? oaie aeena?oaoei?, c’yniaothoueny ??
aeooaeueiinoue i iaoeiaa iiaecia, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a,
oi?ioeththoueny iaoa e caaaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny ia’?eo, i?aaeiao,
iaoa?iae aeineiaeaeaiiy, iaoiaeieiai/ia iniiaa, iaoiaee aiaeico,
?ice?eaa?oueny oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia oeiiiinoue. E?ii oiai,
aenaioeththoueny iniiaii oai?aoe/ii ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii c iiiyooyie
iiaiiai ii?iaiyiiy e ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eaoaai?i? ii?iaiyiiy,
ie?aneth?oueny iiiiiaeueiee iaai? oa?iiiia, iaiaoiaeiee aeey caeieniaiiy
aiaeico e iieno io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

No?oeoo?o iiaii? iiaeaei ii?iaiyiiy, ia iao iiaeyae, noaiiaeoue
ii?aeiaiiy 4-o neeaaeieeia: a) i?aaeiaoa (noa’?eoa) ii?iaiyiiy
(eiiia?aioa) – oiaoi, i?aaeiaoa /e yaeua, iciaee yeiai ie iicia?ii,
?ice?eaa?ii ca aeiiiiiaith iioiai; a) ia?aco (ia’?eoa) ii?iaiyiiy
(eiiia?aoi?a) – oiai, c /ei ii?iaith?oueny noa’?eo, oiaoi, i?aaeiaoa /e
yaeua, ui ia? yne?aai ae?aaeaii e aeia?a aiaeiii iiaoeaai iciaee e
oianeiaeie oeueiai aeei?enoiao?oueny iei aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee
iiciaaaiiai; a) iniiae ii?iaiyiiy – iciaee (aai ?yaeo iciae), ca
aeiiiiiaith yei? caeienith?oueny aeo ii?iaiyiiy; a) iieacieea
ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue – caniao iiaiiai ioi?ieaiiy ii?iaiyeueii?
naiaioeee. Inoaii?e aiaeia?a? ae?ioaeueio ?ieue o ?aaeicaoei?
eiiia?aoeaiiai ciinoo a /ioe?eaeaiaioiie iiaeaei ii?iaiyeueii?
eiino?oeoei? (“noa’?eo” – “ia’?eo” – “iniiaa” – “iieaciee”), ineieueee
caaacia/o? ?? oeieiniinoue. Oiaoi, iiae eiiia?aioii i eiiia?aoi?ii ia
inio? ?aaeueiiai ca’yceo, aii aeieea? eeoa o naiaeiiinoi iiaoey, yeee
i?aaia aiaeoai?eoe iaaio neooaoeith aeieniinoi. Oae, o eiino?oeoe??
Aieii aoei /i?ia, ye aaao… (I.Oaeeueiaee) iayaii eiiia?aio – “aieii”,
eiiia?aoi? – “aaao” i iieaciee ii?iaiyiiy “ye”, aac yeiai eiiia?aoeaia
naiaioeea ia ?aaeico?oueny, oiaoi iiiyooy “aieii” e “aaao” ieneyoueny ia
ye eiiiiiaioe ii?iaiyeueii? eiino?oeoei?, a ye ie?aii oaeoe aeieniinoi.
Eiiia?aoeaia ae eiino?oeoeiy ooieoeiiio? ca oiiae niaoeeoi/ieo
naiaioe/ieo aiaeiioaiue iiae noa’?eoii i ia’?eoii ii?iaiyiiy
(eiiia?aoeaii? eiinoaioe e eiiia?aoeaiiai eiio?anoo), yei ia
aeicaieythoue ioioiaeithaaoe noa’?eo i ia’?eo, ? aiaeii/an ia
iicaaaeythoue iiaoey iiaeeeainoi ni?eeiaoe ?o ye niiaaiaeiinii
iaeeieoei. Iaeaeaa oeie aiaeiioaiue coiiaeththoueny iieacieeii
ii?iaiyeueii? naiaioeee.

No/ania oe?a?inueea iiaa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oe?ieei niaeo?ii ae?aaeaiiy
ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue, yeeie oi?th /e iioith ii?ith ei?enoothoueny
iini? iiae, cie?aia 1) i?oaeiei aiaeiiieii iiaiieea (caeiaiieea) o
ii?iaiyeueiiio cia/aiii; 2) i?eneiaieeii ic i?aoienii ii-; 3)
i?eeiaoieeaie, i?eneiaieeaie ic nooienaie -oaao-(-thaao-), -ano-
(-yno-), -eno-; 4) i?eeiaoieeaie ic nooienaeueieie ii?oaiaie -aeaeiee,
-iiaeiaiee; 5) neeaaeieie i?eeiaoieeaie, ui iinoyoue eiiiiiaioe
-aieiaee, -coaee, -e?eeee oiui; 6) neinaiaioe/iei neiaii
(eaenaiith aiaee?eoi? naiaioeee) ia c?acie: noiaeee, iiaeiaiee,
caeaaaoeny, neeaeaoeny oiui; 7) ii?iaiyeueieie niieo/ieeaie e 8)
iiaeaeueii-ii?iaiyeueieie /anoeaie.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei “Niaoeeoiea ooieoeiiioaaiiy eiiia?aoeaai c
iiieioeeoiei iieacieeii” aenaioeththoueny ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii c
iniaeeainoyie ?aaeicaoei? eiiia?aoeaiiai ciinoo a eiino?oeoeiyo,
iieaciee yeeo ia ? ie?aiith eaenaiith, a aoiaeeoue aei neiaioi?ie, yea
?ai?acaioo? ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy.

Aeaea?oueny i?aaiii?iei aeeoa?aioeithaaoe oaei eiiia?aoeaaie ia
ii?oieiai/iiio e ii?oaiiiio ?iaiyo, ineieueee a iaaeao ONE ii?iaiyiiy
eiaeiie /anoeii iiae aeanoeaee iaaiee iaai? ii?oai-iieacieeia –
?ai?acaioaio?a ii??aiyeueii? naiaioeee.

Oae, ie?aio a?oio noaiiaeyoue eiiia?aoeaaie i?eneiaieeiaiai oeio,
ii?iaiyeueia naiaioeea yeeo ?aaeico?oueny eiiieaenii: ca aeiiiiiaith
i?aoiena ii- e nooienia -iio-, -aio-, -e-: Aii ii-eioy/e i?ei?oaeea i/i
i uieeiaie aeyioa ia Oeiioiy (I.Noaeueiao).

Ia iiaenoaai a?aooaaiiy eaeneei-naiaioe/iiai iaiiaiaiiy eiiiiiaioia
aiaeiciaaieo eiiia?aoeaai, cie?aia – ia’?eoa ii?iaiyiiy, iineiaeiaii
?iciaaeiaothoueny oaei a?oie:

1) eiino?oeoei?, a yeeo ia’?eoaie ii?iaiyiiy aenooiathoue iacae oaa?ei c
yne?aai ae?aaeaieie e aeia?a aiaeiieie iiaoeyi iciaeaie (ciiiiii/ii e
i?iioiii/ii eiiia?aoeaaie): …Ne?aaeeeai oaeeueee ii-ioaoeiiio i’yei
oa?oaeiee aiey iia; Aiaea ii-ioaoeiiio uaaa/a o aaniyiie oai?yai (c oa.
?.Aooeaea);

2) aio?iiiiiii/ii eiiia?aoeaaie (ia’?eoaie ii?iaiyiiy ? iacae ethaeae).
A iniiai ii?iaiyiiy oaeeo ooai?aiue ia?aaoaa? iaaia aieiaa, nioeiaeueia
iciaea, noaoue, ?ena (?ene) oa?aeoa?o, aeooaeueii aeey iiaoey: …aeiaea
ooaei?eyaa iaee//y, iie?aieaia eieueeiia ca?ieiaie eanoiaeiiy, niiyeinue
ii-aeeoy/iio uaae?i i ynii (I.Noaeueiao).

Eiiia?aoeaaiai oei?? a?oie, ia aiaeiiio aiae iiia?aaeiuei?, aeanoeaee
iiiiiaeueiee aiaeoiiie ia?aciinoi, ineieueee ia?acia oa?aeoa?enoeea
ia’?eoa iinooia?oueny aeooaeicaoei? eiai ?aaeueii? iciaee;

3) eiiia?aoeaaie c /ioei ia ie?aneaiei ia’?eoii ii?iaiyiiy
(oaiii?aeueii, eieaoeaii oiui): Aiey naii? noaeii ii-aaniyiiio
aeaaiieoue no?oiie (I.Noaeueiao). ?icai?iooa o?ainoi?iaoeiy oaeeo
ooai?aiue ia aea? iiaeeeainoi ae/eaioaaoe eaene/ii ae?aaeaiee ia’?eo
ii?iaiyiiy, yeee ieneeoueny iaicia/aii, ?icieoi e ae?aaea?oueny iieniai.
Oea aea? iiaenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ii?iaiyeueia cia/aiiy a oaeeo
eiiia?aoeaaiao ?aaeico?oueny /anoeiai (ia ?iaii naiaioe/iiai aiaeoiiea),
aianeiaeie /iai aiie iaeaaeaoue aei ia?eoa?i? ONE ii?iaiyiiy.

Ia iiaenoaai a?aooaaiiy niaoeeoiee iniiae ii?iaiyiiy aeaeieythoueny/
aeaa iaecaaaeueiio? eeane i?eneiaieeiaeo eiiia?aoeaai: a) c iciaeith
“aeeiaii/ii?” iciaee a iniiai: iieaeoth/e (ye?) ii-aaanueee –
i?eneiaieeiaa ooai?aiiy caeaaeeoue aiae aei?neiaii? oi?ie; a) c iciaeith
“noaoe/ii?” iciaee a iniiai: (coae) iioeii (ye naia? ianeieueee?)
ii-eiinueee – i?eneiaieeiaa no?oeoo?a caeaaeeoue aiae i?eeiaoieea.

O iaaeao eiaeiiai eeano ?ic?iciythoueny iaaii iiaeaei ?aaeicaoei?
eiiia?aoeaii? naiaioeee oa ie?aeth?oueny ?o /anoioi?noue o
aeine?aeaeoaaiiio iaoa??ae?. Oae, c-iii?ae eiiiiiaio?a ia?oi? a?oie
iae/anoioi?oeie iinoathoue no?oeoo?e c aeaiaioaie oeio ii-/-iio-.

Ae?oao a?oio eiiia?aoeaai c iiieioeeoiei iieacieeii noaiiaeyoue
eiino?oeoei? c i?oaeiei aiaeiiieii o ii?iaiyeueiiio cia/aiii. ?o
niaoeeoieith ? eiioaiiiaoeiy ia’?eoa e iieacieea ii?iaiyeueieo
aiaeiioaiue a iaeiie eaenaii, a naia: ia’?eo ae?aaea?oueny eaene/iei
cia/aiiyi neiaa, a iieaciee – a?aiaoe/iei (oi?iith i?oaeiiai aiaeiiiea):
I aeiaoaiue aiaeieoia i?eano?ii cieioei, I a iaai aeaa?aeii noi?oue
ai?aaoee aeei (E.Oaeaeae).

Oei eiino?oeoei? ii?aeiothoue o niai naie oiiaeiaiaiiy e ia?aoai?aiiy,
ui ia aea? iiaenoaa ioioiaeithaaoe ?o ic neiiiiii/ieie niieo/ieeiaeie.
Aiai?y/e, ui noa’?eo ii?iaiyiiy i?ieaoia ioaoii, i?ineecioa aoaeai,
e?y/a ai?iiii, iiaaoeue niiaaiaeiineoue ciino eiino?oeoeie ic
ooai?aiiyie: i?ieaoia, ye ioao; i?ineecioa, ye aoae; e?y/a, ye ai?ii,
aea i?e oeueiio ia?acii iieaco?, ui noa’?eo ia/aaoi ia?aaoieeany a
ia’?eo.

Ca eaeneei-naiaioe/iei iaiiaiaiiyi iiceoei? ia’?eoa ii?iaiyiiy
eiiia?aoeaaie c i?oaeiei ii?iaiyeueiei aeeoa?aioeiththoueny ia
iiaea?oie:

1. Eiino?oeoei?, a yeeo eiiia?aoi?aie aenooiathoue iacae oaa?ei: Ienaia
eicith aiaea aeiaeiio…; I eaia?aeeith eaoeoue Ea?ei Iaaiiae/
(I.Oaeeueiaee). 2. Eiiia?aoeaaie c ia’?eoaie ii?iaiyiiy – iacaaie yaeu
i?e?iaee: A aea?aai e?oaeey? aeoi?ii (A.Noon). 3. No?oeoo?e c
eiiia?aoi?ii – iacaith eiie?aoiiai i?aaeiaoa: O ia? iiae o?ioee eieanii
(I.Oaeeueiaee).

Ca niaoeeoieith ae?aaeaiiy ia’?eoa ii?iaiyiiy aeaea?oueny i?aaiii?iei
aeeoa?aioeithaaoe aeaa eeane eiino?oeoeie c i?oaeiei ii?iaiyeueiei: a)
eiiia?aoeaaie c iaiioe?aiei ia’?eoii (eiiia?aoi? ?aaeico?oueny iaeii?th
eaenaiith): Aaeoiaie aeeuaoue o o?aai eaaoie (E.Oaeaeae); a)
eiiia?aoeaaie c iioe?aiei ia’?eoii (eiiia?aoi? ae?aaea?oueny
neiainiieo/aiiyi: …ca aicii iaiieioaieie ioaoaiyoaie ceioaa nooee eeno
(I.Noaeueiao). Niinoa?iaa?oueny iaaiaeiiaiaeiinoue /eaioaaiiy oaeeo
eiiia?aoeaai ia oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio e naiaioe/iiio ?iaiyo: yeui ia
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio neiainiieo/aiiy iaiieioaieie ioaoaiyoaie ?
aieueiei, eiai eiiiiiaioe ae?aaeathoue ao?eaooeaii aiaeiioaiiy e
ii?aeiaii ca’yceii ocaiaeaeaiiy, ui c aieo naiaioe/ii? iaiiaiaiinoi
eaaeioieo?oueny ye neaaeee, oi a iaaeao ONE ii?iaiyiiy aiaeiciaaia
neiainiieo/aiiy ye eiiia?aoi? ? naiaioe/ii oeieiniei, ineieueee oieueee
a noeoiiinoi eiai eiiiiiaioe noaiiaeyoue ia?ac ii?iaiyiiy.

Ie?aio iiaea?oio eiiia?aoeaai oeueiai eeano noaiiaeyoue ooai?aiiy c
oeieiniei neiainiieo/aiiyi a iniiai (oiaoi oaeei, ui ia oi?iaeueiiio
?iaii ia ? /eaiiaaiei): I ana aeeooy …?icneiaeiny aeiaiath iineo;
Ca?a?th aaeai?iiiy aaiaeeoe iiceicaee c eiiae i iionoeeenue ia caieth
(I.Noaeueiao).

O?aoth iiaea?oio ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie c iiieioeeoiei iieacieeii
noaiiaeyoue nooienaeueii eiiia?aoeaaie c? cia/aiiyi /anoeiai?
iiaeiaiinoi. Iniiaieie iieacieeaie ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue o iaaeao
oeueiai eeano ? oaei: 1. Nooiene -oaao- (-thaao-) o i?eeiaoieeao
(i?eneiaieeao): Ainoue /iiei aaeeaey?oueny eiaoethaaoeie i/eia,
ianoiaao?/o? ?aeaeoaaoi oie/aee a?ia… (I.Noaeueiao). 2. Nooiene -ano-
(-yno-), -eno- o i?eeiaoieeao: Aiiaeao caiaeea oeeaa?eo, i, iiniieoaaoe
i’ya/anoeie aoaaie, iinieoaa aeey aiaeeoueny… (I.Noaeueiao). 3.
Nooienaeueia ii?oaia -iiaeiaiee (?iaeoa – -aeaeiee) o i?eeiaoieeao:
…i’yeoa? yiea ia aa?aieeiiiaeiaiiio iiaeai?iaeaei (I.Noaeueiao).
Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith oaeeo eiiia?aoeaai ? ii?aeiaiiy a iaeiie eaenaii
ia’?eoa e iieacieea ii?iaiyiiy, noa’?eo ae?aaea?oueny ie?aiith
eaenaiith.

Iiaeoa ?ai?acaioo?oueny ii?iaiyeueiee ciino o eiiia?aoeaaiao – neeaaeieo
i?eeiaoieeao ic eiiiiiaioaie: -aieiaee, -coaee, -e?eeee, -iiaee, -iinee,
-ieee, -?iaee, -oainoee oiui: …aoiaeeoue ia iiaeai?’y aenieee
ai?aiiinee Oeiioie (I.Noaeueiao). O eiino?oeoeiyo, aiaeiai/ieo
iaaaaeaiei, ii?iaiyeueii aiaeiioaiiy ?aaeicothoueny ia ia ?iaii noa’?eoa
e ia’?eoa, a ia ?iaii iaaii? aeaoaei noa’?eoa (iin, i/i, aieiaa oiui),
yea aenooia? ia?aeiiei noa’?eoii ii?iaiyiiy. Oea aea? iiaenoaae
aiaeiineoe oaei ooai?aiiy aei ia?eoa?i? ONE ii?iaiyiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei “Eiino?oeoei? c aenieioeeoiei iieacieeii ii?iaiyiiy”
aiaeicothoueny ooai?aiiy, eiiia?aoeaia naiaioeea yeeo ?aaeico?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith niaoeiaeueieo eaenai: a) niieo/ieeia i
iiaeaeueii-ii?iaiyeueieo /anoie: ye, iia, iaiia, ia/a, iaia/a, iiae,
iiaeoi oiui: Aeooa eaneaaa, ia/a ica?i… (A.Noon); a) neinaiaioe/ieo
neia (eaenai aiaee?eoi? naiaioeee): ?iiaei iina?aae eoee ?iceioii
eoueany aa?aieic, noiaeee ia eiieoeth niia (A.Othothiiee). Niaoeeoiea
ooieoeiiioaaiiy oaeeo eiiia?aoeaai ?ice?eaa?oueny eiiieaenii: ia
naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio, aeeaeiiiio, oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio e
eiioiieaoeaiiio ?iaiyo.

Aeoiaeiei ioieoii naiaioeei-neioaene/iiai aniaeoo iaoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
? ?icoiiiiy eaenai ye, iia, iaiia, ia/a, iaia/a, iiae, iiaeoi oiui ye
iioaioeieieo iini?a ii?iaiyeueiiai ciinoo, yeee iiaiinoth aai /anoeiai
(aieueoith /e iaioith ii?ith) iiaea ?aaeiciaoaaoeny a eiioaenoi
aiaeiiaiaeii aei neooaoei? iiaeaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, iaeiei ic i?eioeeiia
eeaneoieaoei? ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie ? nooiiiue aeyao eiiia?aoeaii?
naiaioeee. Iayaiinoue o oie /e iioie eiino?oeoei? eiiia?aoeaiiai ciinoo
(a?aoiaoth/e iiiiiaeueii naiaioe/ii aiaeoiiee) aea? iiaenoaae
?icaeyaeaoe ?? ye eiiia?aoeaaio. Eiiia?aoeaia naiaioeea a ooai?aiiyo
oeio Ai?e iaae?oa iiae aeniee a iiaio?i (I.Aii/a?) iineaaeaia (i?enooiy
ia ?iaii naiaioe/iiai aiaeoiieo). Neoaeaiaa neiai iiae iinoa? ye cania
noai?aiiy iainoeiiiai iaeiaioaaiiy noaio, yeee i?eieno?oueny noa’?eoiai,
aea ?acii c oei a iniiai “i?eienoaaiiy” ia?aaoaa? ianaiaeiia cinoaaeaiiy
eiai c ia’?eoii, aeey yeiai oeae noai ? oeieeii ?aaeueiei. Oaei
eiiia?aoeaaie ia?aaoaathoue ia ia?eoa?i? ONE ii?iaiyiiy.

Ia iiaenoaai c’ynoaaiiy ai?iaiaeiinoi/iaai?iaiaeiinoi ciinoo
eiiia?aoeaai niieo/ieeiaiai oeio aeaeieythoueny: a) eiiia?aoeaaie c
?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiei iieacieeii; a) eiiia?aoeaaie c
i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiei iieacieeii; a) eiiia?aoeaaie c iieacieeii
eiioaiiiiaaii? naiaioeee.

Ia?aaeeaio iieacieeia ?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue noaiiaeoue
niieo/iee ye i niieo/ieeiai ooai?aiiy oae naii ye, i?inoi ye, i?yii ye i
iiae.: ss aeaaeea cieioa eieinny, ye aeaaeeoue ieeiio aieinny uaneeaa
iiaeia ia?a/aia (A.Ninth?a). No?eaeiaaei eiiiiiaioii
?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueii? ia?aaeeaie aenooia? iieaciee ye, yeee, e?ii
iniiaiiai cia/aiiy, iiaea ae?aaeaoe aeiaeaoeiai naiaioe/ii aiaeoiiee:
ii?e aeyao iciaee, niiniao aei?, i?ioenoaaeaiiy, aeiionoiainoi,
coiiaeaiinoi, iieethceaiinoi, ui aieieothoueny ia iniiaia cia/aiiy. I?e
oeueiio nooo?ao ?ieue aiaeia?a? eaeneei-naiaioe/ia iaiiaiaiiy
eiiia?aoeaai.

O iaaeao ?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie ic iieacieeii ye
aeaeieythoueny eiiia?aoeaaie: a) c ia’?eoeaii-aoaeiiiith
i?iiiceoei?th-ia’?eoii: Niioea naioeei e a?iei, ye aiii caaaeaee a?i?
ainaie (Iaian Ie?iee); a) noa’?eoeaii-aoaeiiiith i?iiiceoei?th-ia’?eoii:
…i ae iieiee ia iiaeaoa caoineoaaoe ca ?a?i, ye y i oeny/i ian
(I.Oaeeueiaee). Caoaaaeeii, ui ?icoii?ii iiiyooy i?iiiceoei? ye iaaio
neooaoeith aeieniinoi, yea aiaeia?aaea?oueny a?aeiia?aeiei
aeneiaethaaiiyi (ca I.TH.Oaaaeiaith, A.A.A?eioaieiaith,
I.A.Anaaieiaeiaith oa ?i.).

Ia?aaeeaio iieacieeia i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue noaiiaeyoue
niieo/ieee e i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueii /anoee: ia/a, iaia/a, iiae, iiaeoi,
iia, iaiia, iiaae, iiaaeoi oiui: ? neiaa ia onoao oiaieeeny, iia cieioi
aaeaeiee (Ieaa Ieueaee/). Eiiiiiaioai oei?? ia?aaeeaie aeanoeaa
aiooieoeiiiaeueiinoue: aiie ae?aaeathoue caaaeueio eiiia?aoeaio
naiaioeeo i aiaeii/an i??aaeicothoue ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy (o neeaaeiiio
?a/aiii – i?iiiceoeith-ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy). Eiiia?aoeaaie c
i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiei iieacieeii iiaeooue iaoe aeiaeaoeiai naiaioe/ii
aiaeoiiee coiiaeaiinoi, i?e/eiiainoi, oeiei, aeiionoo.

Ii?yae ic eiino?oeoeiyie /ioei? aeeoa?aioeiaoei?
?aaeueii-/i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueii? naiaioeee a oe?a?inueeie iiai
ooieoeiiiothoue eiiia?aoeaaie, o yeeo oi naii eiiiiiaioe ?ai?acaioothoue
aneiieyoeith ?aaeueiiai oa i??aaeueiiai ciinoo. Aiai?y/e i?i
i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueio eiino?oeoeith, ie, ianaiia?aae, a?aoiao?ii
?aaeueiinoue/i??aaeueiinoue ciinoo i?iiiceoei?-ia’?eoa ii?iaiyiiy: yeui
aii i??aaeueiee, eiino?oeoeiy aaaaea?oueny i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiith:
Iaii oi/aoueny oae /enoi caaaaioiioe [i?iiiceoeiy-noa’?eo], ye
caaaaioiiei aieoaa iaai [i?iiiceoeiy-ia’?eo i??aaeueii? naiaioeee]
(I.Oaeeueiaee). O eiino?oeoeiyo, aea ia’?eoii ii?iaiyiiy aenooia?
?aaeueiee oaeo aeieniinoi, a i?iiiceoeiy-noa’?eo – i??aaeueia,
caa?iaa?oueny ?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueia naiaioeea aianeiaeie ?aaeueiinoi
ia’?eoa ii?iaiyiiy e iioaioeieii ?aaeueiiai iieacieea ye. Aiaeii/an
aiaeoiiie i??aaeueiinoi caaacia/o?oueny noa’?eoii ii?iaiyiiy: Aaeo? c
iaia naiioa, ye neac… (A.Noon). Cia/ii iaioee nooiiiue ?aaeueiinoi
aeyaey?oueny a eiiia?aoeaaiao ic iieacieeii ye, aea i
i?iiiceoeiy-noa’?eo, i i?iiiceoeiy-ia’?eo iaoaoi?eciaaii: A niioea a
aeoeii, ye iaiaiia eaeaea, iana oaiei aanie ii oio?eo aeiyo ceie
(A.Ninth?a). ???aaeueiinoue noa’?eoa e ia’?eoa iiiiiaeicothoue
?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiee iioaioeiae iieacieea ye.

O iaaeao ONE ii?iaiyiiy inio? ?yae i?iaeai, yei, ia iao iiaeyae,
iiaeooue aooe ?ica’ycaii ia aeeaeiiiio ?iaii, cie?aia: 1) anoaiiaeaiiy
iniaeeainoae ?aaeicaoei? eiiia?aoeaii? naiaioeee o o?acaieiai/ieo
ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeiyo; 2) aecia/aiiy niiaaiaeiioaiiy ii?iaiyiiy e
iaoaoi?e; 3) c’ynoaaiiy ia’?eoeaiiai i noa’?eoeaiiai /eiiee?a ia?aiiy
iiaoeai ?aaeueii- /e i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiiai iieacieea.

Niaoeeoieith o?acaieiai/ieo eiiia?aoeaai ? naiaioe/ia caeeaeaiiy
iieacieea ii?iaiyiiy c eaenaiith-ia’?eoii ii?iaiyiiy, aianeiaeie /iai
aiia “ao?a/a? cia/aiiy i?aaeiaoiinoi e iicia/a? ?acii c ii?iaiyeueiei
niieo/ieeii oieueee iciaeo”. Oea coiiaeth? iiiiiaeicaoeith eiiia?aoeaii?
naiaioeee oaeeo eiino?oeoeie. Naiaioe/ii noieei ?aeiinoi iieacieea e
ia’?eoa o o?acaieiai/ieo eiiia?aoeaaiao aeyaeythoue ?iciee nooiiiue
“naiaioe/aii? ceeoinoi” c iii?iei neiaii. No/ania oe?a?inueea iiaa
oieno?: 1) o?acaieiai/ii iaeeieoei c iaeneiaeueiei nooiaiai ceeoinoi
eiiiiiaioia, aeiaaeueiei (oeieiniei) cia/aiiyi: ye ieoe aeaoe, ye ia oa
iioei, ye aiaeeoueny oiui. ?o caaaeueia cia/aiiy ia aeieeaa? ic
aiaeiioaiue iiae neeaaeieeaie, aei oiai ae, ia oi?iaeueiiio ?iaii ia
iiaeia aeaeieeoe o?aaeeoeieieo aeaiaioia eiiia?aoeaaie, ui coiiaeth?
ao?aoo ii?iaiyeueiiai ciinoo, i?e oeueiio iieaciee ii?iaiyeueieo
aiaeiioaiue ia?anoa? aeeiioaaoe naith ooieoeith i caeeoa?oueny ia ?iaii
ia?aaeeoeo; 2) o?acaieiai/ii ooai?aiiy, naiaioeea yeeo /anoeiai
(aieueoith /e iaioith ii?ith) iioeao?oueny cia/aiiyie ?o eiiiiiaioia.
I?e oeueiio caa?iaathoueny no?oeoo?ii ?ene iao?acaieiai/ieo
ii?iaiyeueieo eino?oeoeie: ?inoe, ye ia ae?iaeaeaeao; ii/a?aiiia, ye
ia/aiee ?ae; aeoenue, iia ?eaa ia eiae oiui, aiaeiiaiaeii caa?iaa?oueny
e eiiia?aoeaiee ciino, ?acii c oei niinoa?iaa?oueny naiaioe/iee
ia?a?iciiaeie – iioaineoieaoeiy iaaii? iciaee aianeiaeie naiaioe/iiai
caeeaeaiiy ia’?eoa ii?iaiyiiy i eiai iieacieea e iaeii/ania iineaaeaiiy
ii?iaiyeueiiai ciinoo; 3) iinoieii ii?iaiyiiy – naiaioe/ii e no?oeoo?ii
noieei aiaeoai?thaaii niieoee, yeeie aieueii ei?enoothoueny ani iini?
iiae. Ia’?eoaie ii?iaiyiiy a oaeeo eiiia?aoeaaiao aenooiathoue i?aaeiaoe
/e yaeua, aeey yeeo iciaea, ui ia?aaoaa? a iniiai ii?iaiyiiy, ?
iinoieiith, aac ia? ia’?eo ia ieneeoueny: oia?oee, ye aa?ai; aeiaoee
(i’yeee),ye aine; nieiaeeee, ye iaae (oeoei?) oiui.

Uiaei niiaaiaeiioaiiy ii?iaiyiiy e iaoaoi?e, inoaiiy ??oioo?oueny ia
ii?iaiyiii, yaeyth/e niaith a naiaioe/iiio ieaii “cai?iooa ii?iaiyiiy”,
iieiee o?ainoi?iiaaia o aioo?ioith aeeaeio anioeiaoeaii? ia?aciinoi.
Eiiia?aoeaaia, ia aiaeiiio aiae iaoaoi?e, ia? oi/ii ie?aneaio no?oeoo?o
– noa’?eo, ia’?eo, iniiao e iieaciee. I?e oeueiio ?e aeanoeai
aiaeiioaiiy eiiia?aoeaiiai eiio?anoo e eiiia?aoeaii? eiinoaioe, ui
caaacia/o?oueny /ioeinoth no?oeoo?e.

Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui aoaeue-yea ii?iaiyeueia eiino?oeoeiy ia
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio ?iaii niiaaiaeiineoueny c ?a/aiiyi aai eiai
eiiiiiaioii, nooo?aiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? i?iaeaia a?aiaoe/iiai noaoono
eiiia?aoeaai. Cie?aia, oea noino?oueny eiino?oeoeie, ie?aii eiiiiiaioe
yeeo ia ae?aaeaii eaene/ii: Aaiia caanaea iiae niioeai, iia i?ea’yea
a?aiiiy (A.Eineiea), oiaoi, eaaeioieaoeiy ?o ye “ii?iaiyeueieo
cai?ioia”= “ia ?a/aiue” aai “iaiiaieo ?a/aiue”. Aiaeic oaeoe/iiai
iaoa?iaeo aea? iiaenoaae aeey anoaiiaeaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo e?eoa?i?a
?ic?iciaiiy ii?iaiyeueieo cai?ioia i iiae?yaeieo ii?iaiyeueieo ?a/aiue:
1) iayaiinoue/aiaenooiinoue i?aaeeeaoa; 2) caaaeueiee ciino
eiiia?aoeaaie: aeioeieueiinoue/iaaeioeieueiinoue aiaeiiaeaiiy i?enoaeea;
3) iiaeeeainoue anoaiiaeaiiy a?aiaoe/ii? oi?ie i?enoaeea. Ioaea, aei
ii?iaiyeueieo cai?ioia – /anoei i?inoiai ?a/aiiy iaeaaeaoue:

1) aei?i?eeiaoieeiai cai?ioe ii?iaiyeueii? naiaioeee: Oi ae?ioeee
aeaeyaeaee iaaeiii, iia iaia?ieii iioeeaii (?.Aaa?yiee); 2)
aei?i?eneiaieeiai cai?ioe ii?iaiyeueii? naiaioeee: Iaenei iaaioany, iiae
iii?aaeyth/e uinue ia iiaao (?.Aaa?yiee); 3) noieei o?acaieiai/ii
niieoee c aeeiaii/iith iciaeith a iniiai ii?iaiyiiy, ooai?aii ca
iiaeaeeth: “iieaciee niieo/ieeiaiai oeio + ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy – ?iaiiee o
oi?ii iaceaiiai aiaeiiiea”: ? oae ?o aeiaiy, oa e oi uia ia?aa?eceenue,
ye niaaee (A.Aieiaei); 4) noieei o?acaieiai/ii niieoee ci noaoe/iith
iciaeith a iniiai ii?iaiyiiy, ui aiaeiiaiaeathoue iiaeaei: “iieaciee
niieo/ieeiaiai oeio + ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy – ?iaiiee o oi?ii iaceaiiai
aiaeiiiea”: Oa e neie a iaia ?inoooue: /a?aiii, iia eaeeia, aeoaei, iia
aeoaoei (I.Aii/a?); 5) noieei ooai?aiiy “iieaciee + i?eeiaoiee
(aei?i?eeiaoiee)”: sse aiaeaaieueiee, iiaia aii aei caaiaeo
(I.Oaeeueiaee); 6) noieei ooai?aiiy “iieaciee + iiaiiee o oi?ii
iai?yiiai aiaeiiiea”: Aea?ia e aeia/aoie iioiieee, iia eioaiyo
(I.Eoe’yiaiei); 7) ianoieei niieoee “?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiee iieaciee +
ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy – iiaiiee (ic iioe?thaa/ai /e aac) o oi?ii iaceaiiai
aiaeiiiea” ci noaoe/iith iciaeith a iniiai ii?iaiyiiy: …Ii/ inue oaea
ae i?iieeaa iaae caieath, oeoa i naiaea, i?ici?a, ye niia (A.Ninth?a);
Einei…caaaeaee aeaieaiee i naiaeee, iia oeii’y/a eiacaeea
(I.Oaeeueiaee); 8) ianoieei niieoee “?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiee iieaciee +
ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy – iiaiiee (ic iioe?thaa/ai /e aac) o oi?ii iaceaiiai
aiaeiiiea” c aeeiaii/iith iciaeith a iniiai ii?iaiyiiy, ia oie
iiaenoaai, ui a?aiaoe/ia oi?ia “aiaeiiaethaaiiai” i?enoaeea ia iiaea
aooe oi/ii anoaiiaeaiith: …Iaenei i?eneooaany, ye aiae, aae o aooao
aecaaiiei aiae iai?oaeaiiy… (?.Aaa?yiee); 9) ianoieei niieo/aiiy
“iieaciee + iiaiiee o oi?ii iai?yiiai aiaeiiiea (c iioe?thaa/ai /e aac
iueiai)”: …oaoea niieieii niai noiyea aiey naiaeiae?eoi?, aeeiey/i?
ae?ae, iia aiey iiaeee (?.Aaa?yiee); 10) ianoieei niieo/aiiy
“i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiee iieaciee + iiaiiee o oi?ii iaceaiiai aiaeiiiea
(c iioe?thaa/ai /e aac iueiai) c aeeiaii/iith aai noaoe/iith iciaeith a
iniiai ii?iaiyiiy: Noai aoa necee, iia e?eei i?ea (A.Eineiea); 11)
ianoieei no?oeoo?e c ?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiei iieacieeii, ui o?aaeeoeieii
eaaeioieothoueny a no/aniiio iiaiciaanoai ye neie?aoe/ii: O o?aaao
eiiee, ye caeaiee aiii, ia ne?eieo a?a? I.?eeuenueeee). Naiaioeea
aiaeiciaaii? eiiia?aoeaaie ?aaeico?oueny /a?ac eiioaiiiaoeith
icia/aeueiiai e ianoaaeiiiai cia/aiue; 12) eiino?oeoei?, ui
aiaeiiaiaeathoue iiaeaei: “iieaciee niieo/ieeiaiai oeio + i?eneiaiee
(aai iiaiiee a ianoaaeiiiio cia/aiii)”: …Iaai iieiee ia aoaa? oaea
o?onoaeueii-aieoaa, ye o na?iii (I.Oaeeueiaee).

Oaeei /eiii, ii?iaiyeueii cai?ioe – oea ooai?aiiy, aei neeaaeo yeeo
aoiaeyoue eiiiiiaioe , ui ia ?iaii eiiia?aoeaaie ?ai?acaioothoue
iieaciee ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue i ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy. Eaenaia, ui
ae?aaea? ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy, iiaea iaoe iioe?thaa/i.

O ieaii naiaioeee ii?iaiyeueii cai?ioe yaeythoue niaith cai?iooi
i?iiiceoei?, ?icai?oaiiy yeeo o ?a/aiiy ia eiioiieaoeaiiio ?iaii ia ?
aei?aaaeaiei o neeo oaeeo ii?eoaaiue:

– yeui iniiao ciinoo eiiia?aoeaaie noaiiaeoue ii?iaiyiiy i?iiiceoeie,
aeey eiai ?aaeicaoei? aeei?enoiaothoueny neeaaeii ?a/aiiy, aieiaia
/anoeia yeeo ?ai?acaioo? i?iiiceoeith noa’?eo, a iiae?yaeia –
i?iiiceoeith-ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy;

– iiae?yaeiei /anoeiai oaeeo ooai?aiue aeanoeaa iniiaia iciaea ?a/aiiy –
i?aaeeeaoeaiinoue, ui caaacia/o?oueny eiie?aoiith a?aiaoe/iith oi?iith
i?enoaeea;

– ii?iaiyeueii cai?ioe ia iathoue o nai?io neeaaei i?enoaeea;
oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i “niieueiinoue” i?enoaeea aieiaii? e iiae?yaeii? /anoei
aai i?i eiai “aiaeiiaethaaiinoue ic aieiaii? /anoeie” ? iiieeeiaei,
ineieueee oaea “aiaeiiaeaiiy” iiaeeeaa oieueee ia naiaioe/iiio ?iaii,
a?aiaoe/ia ae cia/aiiy eiai oi/ii anoaiiaeoe ia iiaeia, oiio iaia?
iiaenoaa aiai?eoe i?i iayaiinoue o oaeeo eiino?oeoeiyo i?aaeeeaoa i,
aiaeiiaiaeii, aaaaeaoe ?o ?a/aiiyie;

– ye i?aaeei, ii?iaiyeueii cai?ioe ia a?aiaoe/iiio ?iaii
niiaaiaeiinyoueny c eieueeiia /aniaeie, niiniaiaeie oi?iaie, a oaeiae
iiaeooue ii?aeioaaoe a niai eieueea cia/aiue: icia/aeueia + ianoaaeiia
(ianoaaeiia + aeiaeaoeiaa). ?icai?oaiiy i?iiiceoei? a ?a/aiiy, ooo/ia
aiaeiiaeaiiy i?enoaeea i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy oeieiniiai cia/aiiy
cai?ioo, aeoeaiooaaiiy oaaae iiaoeia ia eiai ie?aieo naiao i, aianeiaeie
oeueiai, – aei caiaeiaiiy caaaeueiiai ciinoo eiiia?aoeaaie;

– yeui ia a?aoe aei oaaae oeeo ii?eoaaiue, aoaeue-yeee ii?iaiyeueiee
cai?io iiaeia aoei a ia?aoai?eoe ia iiae?yaeia ii?iaiyeueia ?a/aiiy e
aeiaiaeeoe ?o oioiaeiinoue, ui, iaeiae, iai?aaeeueii: aei?i?eeiaoieeiaee
cai?io oaae i?aeoe/ii caaaeaee iiaeia ia?aoai?eoe ia iiae?yaeia ?a/aiiy,
iaeiae, i/aaeaeii, oea ia iaeia e oa ae naia. Oaeei /eiii, ie ia?ii
ni?aao c neioaene/iith neiiiiii?th, i?e oeueiio ii?iaiyeueiee cai?io i
iiae?yaeia ii?iaiyeueia ?a/aiiy ia ? aaniethoieie neiiiiiaie.

C’ynoaaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai noaoono ii?iaiyeueieo
eiino?oeoeie iaiiaeeeaa aac o?aooaaiiy niaoeeoiee ?o ooieoeiiioaaiiy ia
eiioiieaoeaiiio ?iaii. Ineieueee aoaeue-yea eiiia?aoeaaia
niiaaiaeiineoueny c ?a/aiiyi (ye eiai ?iciiaeae /e eiiiiiaio), iniaeeai
aaaeeeaei ? ?iciaaeoaaiiy a eiai aoaeiai o?ueio ieiuei:
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?, naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? i aeania eiioiieaoeaii?
(inoaiiy iaeoiniioa iia’ycaia c iiaeaiiyi, ooieoeiiioaaiiyi ?a/aiiy a
oaenoi, c iaaiith neooaoei?th iiaeaiiy, oiaoi c aeooaeueiei
/eaioaaiiyi). Iniiaieie caniaaie ae?aaeaiiy aeooaeueiiai /eaioaaiiy ?
iioiiaoeiy e ii?yaeie neia. Caaaeyee ?i aiaeaoaa?oueny aeaeieaiiy
eiiia?aoeaai /e ?o /anoei, aeoeaiooaaiiy oaaae ia ii?iaiyeueiie
naiaioeoei. Iniaeeai? eiioiieaoeaii? cia/ouinoi aeey ?aaeicaoei?
eiiia?aoeaiiai ciinoo iioiiaoeiy iaaoaa? a eiino?oeoeiyo, aea eiiiiiaioe
/ioe?e/eaiii? no?oeoo?e “noa’?eo – ia’?eo – iniiaa – iieaciee” /ioei ia
ie?aneaii, cie?aia i?e aiaenooiinoi ae?acieo iieacieeia ii?iaiyiiy a
neeaaeiiio ?a/aiii. ?ioiiaoeieiiio aeaeieaiith eiiia?aoeaai /e ?o /anoei
ni?eythoue aiaeie?aieaiiy i ia?oeaeyoeiy.

O Aeniiaeao cacia/a?oueny, ui ii??aiyiiy – oea iaeia c ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
iiiyoue e?iaa?noeee, yea niaoeeo?/ii aeyaey?oueny ia ??cieo iiaieo
??aiyo ? a ?aae?caoe?? yeiai aeoeaio o/anoue aa?ooue aenie?oeeoi? oa
?iie?oeeoi? iiai? caniae. Ioaea:

1. Ii?iaiyeueii eiino?oeoei? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae noaiiaeyoue
niaoeeoi/io ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/io eaoaai?ith, ye?e i?eoaiaii?
yaea?ia, iai?aia?eoa??eia oa aeaniaia?eoa??eia ieiueie.

2. Iiaia ii?iaiyiiy yaey? niaith /ioe?eeiiiiiaioia ooai?aiiy (iinoeoue
noa’?eo, ia’?eo, iniiao e iieaciee ii?iaiyiiy). Inoaiiie aiaeia?a?
ae?ioaeueio ?ieue o oi?ioaaiii ii?iaiyeueii? eiino?oeoei? ye oaei?.

3. O iaaeao ONE ii?iaiyiiy eiiia?aoeaaie ?ic?iciythoueny caniaaie
ae?aaeaiiy ii?iaiyeueii? naiaioeee, ui nooo?ai aieeaa? ia caaaeueiee
ciino oeeo ooai?aiue.

4. Eiiia?aoeaaiai aeanoeaee ?iciee nooiiiue ?aaeicaoei? eiiia?aoeaii?
naiaioeee (aiae iiiiiaeueiiai aei iaeneiaeueiiai).

5. Iieacieee ii?iaiyeueieo aiaeiioaiue iiaeooue aooe iiieioeeoieie oa
aenieioeeoieie. ?i aeanoeai aiaeiioaiiy aca?iicaiiithaaiinoi, neiiiiii?,
iiiiiii?.

6. O iaaeao ONE ii?iaiyiiy aenieioeeoii iieacieee iiaeieythoueny ia
?aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueii oa i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueii. Aiaeiiaiaeii,
eiino?oeoeiyi, ioi?ieaiei ca ?o aeiiiiiaith, aeanoeaa niaoeeoi/ia
iiaeaeue ?aaeicaoei? eiiia?aoeaiiai ciinoo.

7. Eiiia?aoeaaie c i??aaeueii-ii?iaiyeueiei iieacieeii naiaioe/ii
oyaeithoue aei iaoaoi?e, ineieueee i?iiiceoeiy-ia’?eo oaeeo ooai?aiue
aianeiaeie aieeao naiaioeee iieacieea ia?aaaaeii ? oyaiith e ia
caaaeueia cia/aiiy ii?iaiyiiy iaeeaaea?oueny aiaeoiiie aiiioaoe/ii?
coiiaeaiinoi. Oaei eiiia?aoeaaie iaeaaeaoue aei ia?eoa?i? ONE
ii?iaiyiiy.

8. Aei ia?eoa?i? ONE ii?iaiyiiy iaeaaeaoue eiino?oeoei?, ui oienothoue
niieueii c iaoaoi?ith iciaee: 1) ooai?aiiy c i?oaeiei ii?iaiyeueiei,
(ineieueee aeyaeythoue naiaioeeo ia?aoai?aiiy); 2) eiiia?aoeaaie c
nooienaeueieie ii?oaiaie ia iicia/aiiy /anoeiai? iiaeiaiinoi (ia
iiaenoaai neeaaeiinoi eiiiiiaioiiai aiaeico); 3) o?acaieiai/ii
eiiia?aoeaaie (aianeiaeie naiaioe/iiai c?ooaiiy e
iineaaeaii?/aiaenooiuei? iioeaaoei? ciinoo ic cia/aiue eiiiiiaioia).

9. *anoeia ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiioaiiiiaaiith
naiaioeeith. Oea eiiia?aoeaaie, eiiiiiaioe yeeo ?ai?acaioothoue
aneiieyoeith ?aaeueiiai oa i??aaeueiiai ciinoo.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioaeieaoeiyo:

1. Noaoon i no?oeoo?a eaoaai?i? ii?iaiyiiy //
Ooieoeiiiaeueii-eiioiieaoeaii aeyae a?aiaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue: Ca. iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. – E.: ICII, 1997. – N.38-48.

2. Iniaeeainoi ?aaeicaoei? eiiia?aoeaii? naiaioeee a i?eneiaieeiaeo
iiaeaeyo // Ooieoeiiiaeueii-eiaiioeaii aeyae a?aiaoe/ieo no?oeoo?: Ca.
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: ICII, 1998. – N.57-62.

3. Ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ia eaoaai?iy ii?iaiyiiy a no/aniie
oe?a?inueeie iiai // Naiaioeea e i?aaiaoeea a?aiaoe/ieo no?oeoo?: Ca.
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Aeiiaoeuee: AeiiAeO, 1998. – N.32-38.

4. Neioaene/ii oi?ie ii?iaiyiiy a i?inoiio ?a/aiii // Ooieoeiiiaeueia
a?aiaoeea: Oace aeii. Iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?. –
Aeiiaoeuee: Aeae-ai Aeiiaoeuee. oi-oo, 1994. – N.219-220.

AIIOAOe??

Oaiiaaeiaa I.I. Ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/iee noaoon ii?iaiyeueieo
eiino?oeoeie no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oieieiai/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao. – Aeiiaoeuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii i?iaeaii ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai noaoono
ii?iaiyeueieo eiino?oeoeie o no/aniie oe?a?inueeie iiai. O ?iaioi aia?oa
a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoai ia oe?ieiio oaeoe/iiio iaoa?iaei
aeineiaeaeo?oueny iaoaiici ?aaeicaoei? ii?iaiyeueiiai ciinoo a
oe?a?inueeie iiai. Aeineiaeaeaiiy ??oioo?oueny ia iiiyooi
ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eaoaai?i? ii?iaiyiiy.

Eeth/iai neiaa: ii?iaiyiiy, ooieoeiiiaeueii-naiaioe/ia eaoaai?iy
ii?iaiyiiy, eiiia?aoeaaia, noa’?eo ii?iaiyiiy, ia’?eo ii?iaiyiiy,
iieaciee ii?iaiyiiy.

Oaiiaaeiaa I.I. Ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneee noaoon n?aaieoaeueiuo
eiino?oeoeee a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue. – Aeiiaoeeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. – Aeiiaoee, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneiai noaoona
n?aaieoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea. A ?aaioa
aia?aua a oe?aeineii ycueiciaiee ia oe?ieii oaeoe/aneii iaoa?eaea
enneaaeoaony iaoaieci ?aaeecaoeee n?aaieoaeueiiai cia/aiey a oe?aeineii
ycuea. Enneaaeiaaiea iniiauaaaony ia iiiyoee
ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneie eaoaai?ee n?aaiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: n?aaiaiea, ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneay eaoaai?ey
n?aaiaiey, eiiia?aoeaaia, noauaeo n?aaiaiey, iauaeo n?aaiaiey, iniiaa
n?aaiaiey, iieacaoaeue n?aaiaiey.

Shapovalova N.P. The functional-semantic status of comparative
constractions in Modern Ukrainian Language. – Manuscript.

The thesis for the scientific degree of the phylological sciences of
the speciality 10.02.01 – Ukrainian language. – Donetsk University. –
Donetsk, 1998.

The thesis is dedicated to the problem of functional-semantic status of
comparative constractions in Modern Ukrainian Language. First in the
Ukrainian linguistics the mechanism of the realization of comparative
meaning is studied on the base of the multiple factual material. The
thesis are based on the conseption of the functional-semantic category
of comparison.

Key words: comparison, functional-semantic category of comparison,
comparativeme, object of comparison, subject of comparison, modulus of
comparison, index of comparison.

Caai?oei A.I. Iniiae ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?oieia?? oe?a?inueei? iiae. –
E.: Aeua oe., 1991. – N.10.

Oai naii. – N.11.

Eo/a?aiei ?.E. Ii??aiyeuei? eiino?oeoe?? iiae a na?oe? a?aiaoeee. – E.:
Aeae-ai Ee?a. oi-oo, 1959. – 106 n.

*a?aieneia I.E. N?aaieoaeueiua eiino?oeoeee ?onneiai ycuea. –
Iiaineae?ne: Iaoea, 1976. – N.229-230.

Oaiiaaeiaa I.I. Iniaeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? eiiia?aoeaii? naiaioeee a
i?ene?aieeiaeo iiaeaeyo // Ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiai?oeai? aeyae a?aiaoe/ieo
no?oeoo?: Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: ?CII, 1998. – N.57-62.

Eenaeaaa E.A. Eiino?oeoeee n n?aaieoaeueiuie nithcaie a nia?aiaiiii
?onneii ycuea: Aaoi?ao. aeen… eaiae. oeeie. iaoe: E., 1956. – 19 n.

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