?INOEOOO I*IEO OAI?IA ? OEAIEIII? OA?AI??

?i. A.I. O?EAOIAA

AIEOAIA EINOssIOEI AAeOA?AeIAE*

OAeE 617.751.98 — 001 — 036.82

OOIEOe?IIAEUeI? IIAEEEAINO? ?AeEIIAI C?ss*IAI IEA

OA IEOAIIss ?AAA?E?OAOe?? IN?A C IAAEE?EIAIITH

IIIIEOEss?IITH NE?IIOITH AIANE?AeIE O?AAIE

14.01.18 – I/i? oai?iae

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

IAeANA – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.

I. Ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Noo?ia Ethaeieea Ieaen??aia,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.Ai?ueeiai, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e i/ieo

oai?ia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,

/e.-ei?. AII oa IAI
Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?

Na?a??iei Ieeiea Ia?eiae/,

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?

ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea,
caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e i/ieo oai?ia

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Aao/aiei Aeea Ieaen??aia,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea
aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia

aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e i/ieo oai?ia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?uee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao

IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a i/ieo
oai?ia,

i. Oa?uee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 24 » aa?aciy 2000 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.556.01 a ?inoeooo? i/ieo
oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I. O?eaoiaa AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:

65061, Oe?a?ia, i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 49/ 51.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i/ieo
oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I. O?eaoiaa AII Oe?a?ie ( 65061,
Oe?a?ia,

i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 49/51 ).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 21 » ethoiai 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Iiiiia?/oe A.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oyaeea o?aaia i?aaio ci?o, ca aeaieie ??cieo
aaoi??a, o 32,6 — 46,1 % aeiaaee?a ? i?e/eiith ?icaeoeo iiiieoey?ii?
ne?iioe (Aieieiaia A.O., 1984; E?eaeaiianueea O.A., Eiaae ?.I., 1988;
Aoiaei?iaa ?.I., Noaiaiia A.A., 1994; Iioaoiaa E.E., 1993; Eaa?oia I.?.,
Eiaae ?.I., Noo?ia E.I. c ni?aaao., 1993; Noaiaithe A.?., Eaaotho E.?.,
Ai?ia ?.?., 1997). ?aaa?e?oaoe?y oaeeo oai?eo iaaoaa? iniaeeai?
cia/eiino?, ine?eueee iioeiaeaeaiiy i?aaio ci?o o?aieythoueny
ia?aaaaeii o iieiaeiio i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe? (Eiaae ?.I., Aaiaa?
A.TH.,1986; Aieeia A.A., 1987; Io/e?anueea I.I., Eiaae ?.I., Na?a??iei
I.I., 1991).

Iinoo?aaiaoe/ia ne?iioa ia a?aei?io a?ae ne?iioe ae?oai? ao?ieia?? ia?
?yae iniaeeainoae, ui coiiaeaii, ianaiia?aae, ia iinooiiaith, a
?aioiaith ao?aoith ci?o ia iaeia iei ? ao?aoith a?iieoey?iiai ci?o,
iia??oaiiyi iaeyaeiaiai oa aeeaeiiiai ci?o.

Aiane?aeie oeueiai ?icaeaa?oueny, ye a?aecia/a?oueny o ?iaio? Noaoeaiei
I.A. (1990), eiiieaen iaiiaiioe?iiino?, ii/oooy no?aoo i?e i???iooaaii?
o i?inoi?? oa i?ae /an o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. E??i oiai oaeaeeee oaii
?icaeoeo ne?iioe aiane?aeie o?aaie iiaea aooe i?aaeoiiaith cia/ii?
ineo?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe??, ui noai?th? aeiaeaoeia? o?oaeiiu? a
?ica’ycaii? ieoaiue ia o?eueee o?oaeiai?, aea e iniaeeai, nioe?aeueii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oaeeo iioa?i?eeo.

A ca’yceo c oeei c?inoa? cia/aiiy eiio?ieth ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea, aecia/aiiy eiai ci?iai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Aea/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?e iieacaei, ui ? iaeeie/i? ?iaioe (Aae??aa E.I., 1973;
AEa?iieiaa N.A., 1970; Aieieiaia A.O., 1984), a yeeo iaaeathoueny aeaye?
aeai? i?i ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea (aino?ioa
ci?o, iiea ci?o, aaee/eia aioo??oiueii/iiai oeneo, oaiiiaa aaeaioaoe?y,
/ooeea?noue ?ia?aee oa ?io?) a ??ci? /ane i?ney ianooio ne?iioe. Iaeiae
aieea ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ?aeeiiai c?y/iai
iea, yeee, ye a?aecia/athoue Eiaaeaiei A.A. (1984), Niiia ?.?. (1986,
1989), Oiae A.A. (1982, 1998), aeaco? ia nooi?iue aaeaioaoe?? aei ??cieo
iiaooiaeo oa ae?iaie/eo oiia, ia aea/aii. Ia i?iaiaeeeinue
aeineiiaeueiiai aea/aiiy ci?i iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a a oiiaao
iiaeaethaaiiy ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy oa ?o cia/aiiy a ioe?ioe?
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea i?e iiiieoey?i?e
iaaee?eiai?e ne?iio? aiane?aeie o?aaie i?aaio ci?o c iaoith eiio?ieth ca
aoaeoeai?noth iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, a oaeiae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy. Ia i?iaiaeeeinue ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iioe?aiiy iiiieoey?ii? ne?iioe aiane?aeie o?aaie o i?iieneiaiio ?aa?ii?
Oe?a?ie.

Oaeei /eiii, ?yae aniaeo?a aeoaeueii? iaaee/ii? oa nioe?aeueii?
i?iaeaie, yeith ? iiiieoey?ia iaaee?eiaia ne?iioa aiane?aeie o?aaie,
iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy oa aea/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie,ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa ?
o?aaiaioii IAe? eaoaae?e i/ieo oai?ia oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. Ai?ueeiai »
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiae?a eiiieaenii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? c o?aaiith i?aaio ci?o » (oeo? oaie ?E 940441, iiia?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01940008147).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??
in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie ia
i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?aeeiiai c?y/iai
iea oa ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno caoiae?a ii i?aeaeuaiith eiai ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ae??ooaaeenue ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea a
oiiaao ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy; aecia/eoe iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeai?
iaoiaeeee aeey ioe?iee aieeao ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee
noai ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea.

2. Ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaenii? e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aeaieo noaiaeiaeo
iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeoe a?aaeaoe?? ci?iaiai
aoiieaiiy ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith
ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie.

3. ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ye? a ni?eyee
i?aeaeuaiith ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aea/aiee
ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea a oiiaao ei?ioei/aniiai
ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaenii? e?euee?nii? ioe?iee
?acoeueoao?a noaiaeiaeo iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaia
??cieoey o oa?aeoa?? ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith,
o yeeo ?a?no?oaaeanue cia/ia /anoioa iaoieia?/iiai (24%) oa
iia?aie/iiai (42 %) ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy ? in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, o yeeo
aoei ia?aaaaeii o?c?ieia?/ia aoiieaiiy (68%). ?ic?iaeaiee
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiee eiiieaen ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ye?
aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?aeeiiai c?y/iai
iea oa iie?ioeoe nioe?aeueio aaeaioaoe?th iioa?i?eeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiae?a,
ye? ?ic?iaeai? ia i?aenoaa? noaiaeiaeo iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ii iie?ioaiith ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeeiiai
c?y/iai iea o in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie
o?aaie aeicaiey? iie?ioeoe aoaeoeai?noue ?o ?aaa?e?oaoe??.

Aoee ?ic?iaeai?: iaoiae aecia/aiiy /ano iaeneiaeueii? aeiiiaeaoe??,
i?eno??e aeey iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeiaeaoeiaee
iiai?ioiee aeene I?I, can?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? e?euee?nii? ioe?iee
ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy (ni?eueii c Noo?iith E.I.), ieoey?e aeey oai?eo c
iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith (iaoaio Oe?a?ie ia aeiao?ae ? 15157A a?ae
30.06.97 (ni?eueii c Noo?iith E.I., Nie?iiaith I.O.) ).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a iooaeueiieia?/io i?aeoeeo
iaeaniiai iooaeueiio?aaiaoieia?/iiai oeaio?o «I?e?io??o?a?y iea» (i.
Aeiiaoeuee), a oaeiae i/ieo a?aeae?eaiue ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ? 24 i.
Aeiiaoeuee, i?nueei? e?ea?i? ? 1 i. ?iae??ai, i?nueei? e?ea?i? ? 1 i.
Ae?oaeeiaee, IN* oaooe ?i. Eenaeueiaa i. Oi?ac, Oe?E i. Einoyioei?aea.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iane?aee?a 2265 aeiaaee?a aino?i? o?aaie i?aaio ci?o ca
aeaieie Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai iooaeueiio?aaiaoieia?/iiai oeaio?o
«I?e?io??o?a?y iea». Ca ?i?oe?aoeaith aeena?oaioa oa i?e i?aeo?eioe?
iaeaniiai iooaeueiio?aaiaoieia?/iiai oeaio?o aoa noai?aiee eaa?iao
?aaa?e?oaoe?? in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith. I?iaaaeai? aeani? ee?i?/i?
niinoa?aaeaiiy ca 160 iioa?i?eeie c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie
o?aaie. Aeeiiai? iooaeueiia?aiiii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy o 50 in?a c
iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith oa no?eueeio aea caei?iaeo in?a eiio?ieueii?
a?oie. Aea/aii oa?aeoa? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy 86 in?a c iiiieoey?iith
ne?iioith. C?iaeaii aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o
nenoaiaoecaoe?y oa noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? aeniiaee. Cai?iiiiiaai?
ae?aaiinoe/i? iaoiaeeee oa ieoey?e aeey oai?eo c iiiieoey?iith
ne?iioith, ye? ?ic?iaeai? noi?nii ?c caa?aeoaa/ai eaoaae?e i/ieo oai?ia
oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? iaoa??aee ca
oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iooaeueiieia?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? a i. Iaean?, i?enay/ai?e 125- ??//th a?ae
aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy A.I. O?eaoiaa (1995 ?.), ia IX c’?cae? iooaeueiieia?a
Oe?a?ie o i. Iaean? (1996?.), ia X i?aeia?iaeiiio iooaeueiieia?/iiio
neiiic?oi? Iaeana — Aaioy a i. Iaean? (1997?.), ia ?
iieuenueei-oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? iooaeueiieia?a a i. Ethae?i?
(1997?.), ia IV i?aeia?iaei?e iooieueiieia?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? a i. Ee?a?
(1998?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
iooaeueiieiaee» i?enay/ai?e 90-??//th e?ea?i? ?i. i?io. E.E. A??oiaia o
i. Oa?ueeia? (1998?.), ia can?aeaiiyo Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai
iooaeueiieia?/iiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa (1996-1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o, c
ieo 3 noaoo? a oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 7 — a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, 4 — a iaoa??aeao ? oacao i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e, c’?cae?a,
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e. ? iaoaio ia aeiao?ae.

Ia’?i oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ?in?enueeith
iiaith, aiia neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, a yeeo aea?oueny
iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o aiae?c, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 159
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, c ieo 17 noi??iie caeiathoue iaethiee ?
oioia?ao??, 18 noi??iie caeiathoue oaaeeoe?. A nieneo aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae 286 iaeiaioaaiue, ye? ?ici?uothoueny ia 30
noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Aea/ai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? iane?aeee 2265 aeiaaee?a aino?i? o?aaie i?aaio
ci?o. Iiiieoey?ia ne?iioa ca aeaieie Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai
iooaeueiio?aaiaoieia?/iiai oeaio?o «I?e?io??o?a?y iea», aeyaeaia a 39,2
% aeiaaeeao oa a 48,9% c ieo aoea ?noeiia ne?iioa. Aei a?oie oai?eo c
iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aoee a?aeianai? iniae o yeeo niinoa??aaany
aiaoii?/iee aeaoaeo, /e aino?ioa ci?o c iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaith
ei?aeoe??th aoea ia a?eueoa 0,05 aae aei a?aenooiino? na?oeini?eeiyooy,
/e a?aieoey iiey ci?o iaioa i?ae 100 iaaeiei oi/ee o?enaoe??.

I?ae iaaeyaeii ciaoiaeeeinue 160 oai?eo c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith
ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie. A 76,4% oea aoee iniae i?aoeacaeaoiiai
a?eo, o 85,0% /ieia?/i? noao?, ia?aaaaeii i?aoe?aieee i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa oa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iane?aeee i?iieneiaiai oa
iiaooiaiai o?aaiaoecio na?aae in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith a?aecia/ai?
a?aeiia?aeii o 27,5% oa 23,7%. Aei iiiieoey?ii? ne?iioe i?ecaaee oyaee?
aeiaaeee o?aaie (o 93,1 % i?iaiaei? ii?aiaiiy oa eiiooc?? ), iane?aeeii
yeeo aeyaeeenue a?oa? aiaoii?/i? ci?ie, o oiio /ene? aiiooaeuei,
noaao?io?y oa ao?io?y i/iiai yaeoea (35,6%), oneeaaeiai? ?oaoeaa? ci?ie
?ia?aee (39,3%), iaoieia?y i/iiai aeia (16,3%) oa ?io?, ye?
niinoa??aaeeny o ??cieo niieo/aiiyo. A?aeiia?aeieie aoee ? ci?ia?
ooieoe?? iioeiaeaeaiiai iea — o 50,0% i?aeoe/ia ne?iioa (a?ae 0 aei
0,01). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aoia?iiao???, iooaeueiineai??oaaiiy, a
oaeiae aeai? aeaeo?i-o?c?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue n?oe?aee ? ci?iaiai
ia?ao ia aeicaieyee i?iaiicoaaoe cia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy aino?ioe ci?o
o?aaiiaaiiai iea. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo
c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aeyaea, ui o?eueee o 47 oai?eo (29,4%)
iie?ioeeanue aino?ioa ci?o ia 0,01 — 0,03.

Oaeei /eiii, oaeineiiaeaiiy ieoaiue ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo
ie aa/eee a i?aeaeuaii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeeiiai c?y/iai
iea, ui yaeeinue i?aaeiaoii iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

C iaoith aea/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea aoei
cae?eniaii eiiieaenia noaiaeiaa iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieaciee?a iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy o 50 in?a c
iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie (? a?oia) oa o
no?eueeio aea caei?iaeo in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ( ?? a?oia ).

A?e ianoaaeaieo a iaio a?oiao eieeaaany a?ae 18 aei 30 ?ie?a. Iniae iaio
a?oi iaee iaeiaeiaee ??aaiue ina?oe oa iaeiaeia? ca ai?noii i?aoe?
i?ioan??. Aino?ioa ci?o aeey aeae? o in?a iaio a?oi aoea -1,0. O 30 in?a
(60,0%) iniiaii? oa o 29 (58,0%) eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoea a?ia?iao?ii?y
neaaeiai nooiaith, o ?ioeo aoea aiao?ii?y.

?acoeueoaoe aieaooaaiiy, yea aoei cae?eniaii aei ii/aoeo
iooaeueiia?aiiii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaee iayai?noue anoaiii?/ieo
nea?a, ui aeieeaee i?ae /an o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, o 26 /ieia?e c
iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith oa 3 in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, o yeeo i?ae /an
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaia neaa?noue eiiaa?aaioe??. Anoaiii?/i? nea?ae aoee
a?eueo iioe?ai? o a?oe? 25 — 30 ?ie?a (69,2%), c? noaaeai ?iaioe
ia?aaaaeii aei 5 ?ie?a (53,8%).

Aoee aeine?aeaeai? iieacieee oaeeo eiiiiiaio?a ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy:
aeiiiaeaoe?eiiai (iaeaeeae/a oi/ea yniiai ci?o, ia’?i aaniethoii?
aeiiiaeaoe?? ca iaoiaeeeaie A’ycianueeiai — Na?aeth/aiei, /an
iaeneiaeueii? aeiiiaeaoe??), ?aoeiaeueiiai (/an ni?eeiyoooy
iine?aeiaiiai eieuei?iaiai eiio?anoo oa ao?iiaoe/ii? aae?nia?ii?? ca
iaoiaeeeaie Eiaaeaiei), ineo?/iiai (ei?aeoo?iee oano Aanoii — Cic —
Oaaa?ai? oa i?iioneia cae?ai?noue ci?iaiai aiae?caoi?a ca iaoiaeeeith
Naieeiiiiai- Eaeeaiaeaae); noai iaae iiey ci?o oa iiiieoey?iiai
ni?eeiyoooy aeeaeie a oiiaao ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy nooo?ai? ??cieoe? aeine?aeaeaieo iieaciee?a
aeiiiaeaoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy a iaio a?oiao ia
a?aecia/aii. A?ae?aco i?ney iueiai niinoa??aathoueny aeaye? ci?ie:
a?aeaeaeaiiy iaeaeeae/i? oi/ee yniiai ci?o (? a?oia c 12,2±0,28 aei
14,3±0,31 ni, ?? a?oia c 12,4±0,24 aei 13,9±0,24 ni), ciaioaiiy ia»?io
aaniethoii? aeiiiaeaoe?? (? a?oia c 8,19±0,15 aei 6,99±0,18
aeio?, ?? a?oia c 8,06±0,16 aei 7, 19±0,17 aeio?) oa /ano iaeneiaeueii?
aeiiiaeaoe?? (? a?oia c 16,94±0,32 aei 12,04±0,35 nae, ?? a?oia c 17,
12±0,31 aei 12,34±0,27 nae).Ii??aiyiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei iieaciee?a,
ye? aoee iaea?aeai? a?ae?aco i?ney iaaaioaaeaiiy, c ?o ii/aoeiaei ??aiai
a iaio a?oiao, anoaiiaeea noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??io ??cieoeth ii eiaeiiio
c ieo (?<0,001). Ii??aiyiiy cia/aiue na?aaei?o aaee/ei iieaciee?a aeiiiaeaoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy i?ney 3-o aiaeeiiiai a?aeii/eieo oa ?o ??aiai aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iieacaei, ui o in?a iniiaii? a?oie caeeoeeanue noaoenoe/ia aeinoia??ia ??cieoey cia/aiue iieaciee?a iaeaeeae/i? oi/ee yniiai ci?o (?<0,05), /ano iaeneiaeueii? aeiiiaeaoe?? (?<0,001) o oie /an, ye o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ??cieoey i?ae iaiia aei??thaaiiyie ia aoea nooo?aith (?>0,05).

Aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy cia/aiiy /ano ni?eeiyooy iine?aeiaiiai
eieuei?iaiai eiio?anoo oa ao?iiaoe/ii? aae?nia?ii?? aoee iaeiaeia? a
iaio a?oiao (oaae.1).

A?ae?aco i?ney iaaaioaaeaiiy o in?a aeaieo a?oi a?aecia/a?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a ?aoeiaeueiiai eiiiiiaioo ci?iaiai
aoiieaiiy a?aeiinii ?o ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy ? oe? ci?ie aoee noaoenoe/ii
a??ia?aeieie (?<0,001). Ii??aiyiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei iieaciee?a i?ae niaith o in?a iaio a?oi a?ae?aco i?ney iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeyaeei nooo?aeo ci?i (?>0,05). *a?ac 3 aiaeeie i?ney iueiai ?a?no?o?oueny a?aeiiaeaiiy
na?aaei?o aaee/ei iieaciee?a a?aeiinii ?o ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy. O in?a c
iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith caeeoa?oueny aeinoia??ia ??cieoey i?ae aeaiia
aei??thaaiiyie (?<0,05), a o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie - i? (?>0,05).

Oaaeeoey 1

Iieacieee ?aoeiaeueiiai eiiiiiaioo ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy a iaio a?oiao

Ia?eo aeine?aeaeaiiyA?oia E?eue- No?ie
aeine?aeaeaiiyaeine?ae-aeaieoe?noue niinoa?a aeaiueAei ci?iaiai iaaaioa-

aeaiiyA?ae?aco i?ney ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy*a?ac 3 aiaeeie i?ney
ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy*an ni?eeiyooy iine?- aeiaiiai eieuei?iaiai1
a?oia505,14 ± 0,28

4,00 ± 0,29*4,40 ± 0,28**eiio?anoo (nae)2 a?oia505,04 ± 0,314,14 ±
0,28* 4,86 ± 0,27*an ao?iiaoe/ii? 1 a?oia506,8 ± 0,235,75 ± 0,21*
6,30 ± 0,24**aae?nia?ii?? (nae)2 a?oia506,85 ± 0,205,85 ± 0,21*6,55 ±
0,21

*- ??aaiue cia/iino? i?ae iieacieeaie aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa
a?ae?aco i?ney iueiai a iaeiieiaii?e a?oi? ?<0,05 ** - ??aaiue cia/iino? i?ae iieacieeaie aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa /a?ac 3 aiaeeie i?ney iueiai a iaeiieiaii?e a?oi? ?<0,05 Nooo?ai? ??cieoe? i?ae iieacieeaie ei?aeoo?iiai oanoo (? a?oia - 0,320,01 a?o/nae, ?? a?oia 0,330,009 a?o/nae) oa i?iioneii? cae?aiino? ci?iaiai aiae?caoi?a (? a?oia 12,6 0,21 a?o/nae, ?? a?oia 13,10,18 a?o/nae) o in?a iaio a?oi aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aoei ca?a?no?iaaii. A?ae?aco i?ney iueiai a?aecia/a?oueny ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy iieaciee?a o iaio a?oiao, i?e/iio o in?a ? a?oie aiie aoee a?eueo ae?acieie. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ei?aeoo?iiai oanoo iieacaa, ui o in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith a?i ciaioeany aei 0,230,009 a?o/nae, a o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie aei 0,270,01 a?o/nae. Iieaciee i?iioneii? cae?aiino? ci?iaiai aiae?caoi?a o in?a ? a?oie ciaioeany aei 9,380,31 a?o/nae, a ?? a?oie aei 11,560,2 a?o/nae. Noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aei? ci?ie a?aecia/aeenue o in?a iniiaii? a?oie ii??aiyeueii, ye c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith oae, ? c ?o aea ??aiai aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. *a?ac 3 aiaeeie i?ney iueiai a?aei?/aii a?aeiiaeaiiy iieaciee?a a?aeiinii ?o ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy. Ii??aiyiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei iieaciee?a ineo?/iiai eiiiiiaioo ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy a?aeiinii ?o ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy o eiaei?e c a?oi aeyaeei, ui caa??aa?oueny nooo?aa ??cieoey i?ae aeaiia aei??thaaiiyie o?eueee o in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith (?<0,001). Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieie iaoiaeeeaie ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea i?e iiiieoey?i?e ne?iio? aiane?aeie o?aaie aeyaeeenue iaeaeeae/a oi/ea yniiai ci?o, /an ni?eeiyooy iine?aeiaiiai eieuei?iaiai eiio?anoo oa ei?aeoo?iee oano. Ci?ie icia/aieo iieaciee?a o ??ci? /ane i?ney ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aoee a?eueo ae?acieie, iniaeeai o a?oi? in?a, ye? aenoaaee anoaiii?/i? nea?ae. Aaee/eie noia?iiai (iiiieoey?iiai) iiey ci?o i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ??cieie ia’?eoaie aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy o in?a iaio a?oi aoee iaeiaeia? (oaae. 2). A?ae?aco i?ney iueiai ?a?no?othoueny noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??i? ci?ie iiey ci?o- eiioeaio?e/ia eiai caoaeaiiy i?e aeei?enoaii? ye a?eiai, oae ? eieuei?iaeo (/a?aiiiai oa caeaiiai) ia’?eo?a. I?ney 3-o aiaeeiiiai a?aeii/eieo o in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie caeeoa?oueny a?eueo caoaeaia noia?ia iiea ci?o ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea o?eueee i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ia a?eee eie??, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? (?<0,05). Oaaeeoey 2 Noia?ia iiea ci?o iaio a?oi i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ??cieie ia’?eoaie aei oa i?ney ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy A?oie aeine?aeaeaieoOa?aeoa? ia’?eooNo?iee aeine?aeaeaiiyaei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (I ± i)a?ae?aco i?ney ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (I + i)Iniae c iiiieo-A?eee558,2 ± 4,80520,0 ± 4,40 *ey?iith ne?iioith*a?aiiee182,4 ± 2,20159,3 ± 2,70 *Caeaiee141,4 ± 2,10117,2 ± 2,80 *Eiio?ieueia a?oiaA?eee552,7 ± 4,40530,3 ± 4,20 **a?aiiee187,9 ± 2,30163,1 ± 2,50 *Caeaiee142,1 ± 2,40130,3 ± 2,50 * *- ??aaiue cia/iino? i?ae iieacieeaie aei ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa a?ae?aco i?ney iueiai a iaeiieiaii?e a?oi? ?<0,05 ?acoeueoaoe e?euee?nii? ioe?iee iieacieea iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea a aeeiai?oe? aeicaieeee aeyaeoe ?yae iniaeeainoae: ??cea i?aeaeuaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea a?ae?aco i?ney ianoaiiy ne?iioe a?aeiinii aaee/eie iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?<0,05), /a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a a?aecia/a?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei eiai ciaioaiiy, a /a?ac ??e i?ney o?aaie na?aaeiy aaee/eia iieacieea iaaeeaea?oueny aei cia/aiiy iieacieea iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie eiio?ieueii? a?oie ( oaae.3). E?euee?nia ioe?iea iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie ia a?aei?io a?ae e?euee?nii? ioe?iee a?iieoey?iiai aeeaeiiiai ci?o iieyaa? ia ia yaeu? iiia?a/ii? aeenia?aoe??, a ia ?ioeo oaeoi?ao, oaeeo ye iayai?noue aoi?eieo (aii???/ieo) iciae aeeaeie, ci?ie eooiaiai ?ici??o i?aaeiaoa oa eiai ?aoeiaeueiiai cia?aaeaiiy i?e iaaeeaeaii? /e a?aeaeaeaii? oanoo ia’?eoo a?ae iea, aeiiiaeaoe?eii-eiiaa?aaioiiai ?aoeaeno. Oaaeeoey 3 Iieacieee iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea a caeaaeiino? a?ae no?iea ianoaiiy ne?iioe No?ie i?ney ianoaiiy iiiieoey?ii? ne?iioeIieaciee iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie ( I ± i ) (ni )?oo oano-ia’?eoo a?ae ia?aaeiuei? no?iee i?eeaaeo?oo oano-ia?eoo a?ae caaeiuei? no?iee i?eeaaeo2 oeaeiy11,2 ± 0,21* 6,4 ± 0,21 *1 i?nyoeue11,0 ± 0,18* 6.1 ± 0,22 *2 i?nyoey10,3 ± 0,31* 5,3 ± 0,16 *3 i?nyoey 9,7 ± 0,25 * 4,9 ± 0,21 *6 i?nyoe?a9,0 ± 0,24 4,2 ± 0,19 *12 i?nyoe?a8,9 ± 0,203,7 ± 0,222 ?iee8,6 ± 0,183,5 ± 0,18Eiio?ieueia a?oia8,7 ± 0,213,5 ± 0,10 *- ??aaiue cia/iino? i?ae iieacieeaie a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith ?<0,05 I?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaiith ?acoeueoao?a iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ni?ey? i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaenii? e?euee?nii? ioe?iee iieaciee?a ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy. Iiaeeo?eoaaaoe iaoiaeeeo Oiaea A.A. (1982), yeo aoei cai?iiiiiaaii o oai?eo c aeaoeiiith, ie ?ic?iaeee "Can?a e?euee?nii? ioe?iee ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy o in?a c iiiieoeyiith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie" ? ia i?aenoaa? oe??? iaoiaeeee aoei ?ic?aoiaaii cia/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai e?euee?niiai iieacieea ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy. (?EICA) o 50 in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith oa no?eueeio aea in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. C o?aooaaiiyi aeaieo, ye? aoee io?eiai? i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiue, aoei aeae?eaii 4 a?aaeaoe?? ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy: 1. "O?c?ieia?/ia ci?iaa aoiieaiiy". O aeaiiiio aeiaaeeo iaoe??ioe ia aenoaaee noa’?eoeaieo nea?a, ye? aoee iia’ycai? c ci?iaith ?iaioith. Aeyaeyeeny iacia/i? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (ciaioaiiy aaee/eie iieaciee?a (e??i iaeaeeae/i? o i/ee yniiai ci?o) iaioa i?ae 10% ii??aiyeueii c ii/aoeiaei ??aiai oa iiaia ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ney 3-o aiaeeiiiai a?aeii/eieo. Aaee/eia ?EICA ciaoiaeeoueny a ?ioa?aae? cia/aiiy a?ae 1,7 aei - 2,001. 2. "Iia?aie/ia ci?iaa aoiieaiiy". Iaiino?ei? noa’?eoeai? nea?ae, ye? a?aecia/athoueny i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ia?aaaaeii a e?ioe? ?iai/i? ci?ie (a?ae/oooy i?neo a i/ao, aaaee?noue iia?e oa ?io?), o?eaaeiai ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Iii?oi? ci?ie ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee - cieaeaiiy (e??i iaeaeeae/i? oi/ee yniiai ci?o) iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ia 10-25% a?aeiinii ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy oa iaiiaia ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ney 3-o aiaeeiiiai a?aeii/eieo. Iieaciee ?EICA ciaoiaeeoueny a ?ioa?aae? cia/aiue a?ae - 2,001 aei - 2,302. 3. "Iaoieia?/ia ci?iaa aoiieaiiy". Nea?ae ia iai?e?ii? noa’?eoeai? a?ae/oooy, ye? iia’ycai? c ci?iaith ?iaioith. Cia/ia cieaeaiiy ( e??i iaeaeeae/i? oi/ee yniiai ci?o ) ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee - cieaeaiiy cia/aiue na?aaei?o aaee/ei i?ney ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a?eueo i?ae 25% oa /anoeiaa ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ney 3-o aiaeeiiiai a?aeii/eieo. Iieaciee ?EICA ciaoiaeeoueny a ?ioa?aae? cia/aiue, ye? iaioa i?ae - 2,302. 4. "A?aenooi?noue iciae ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy". O aeaiiio aeiaaeeo oai?? ia aenoaathoue noa’?eoeaieo nea?a ia ci?iaa aoiieaiiy i?ae /an ?iaioe, ia ?a?no?othoueny ci?ie iniiaieo ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ney ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Iieaciee ?EICA ciaoiaeeoueny a a ?ioa?aae? cia/aiue a?ae - 1,7 oa aeua. O oai?eo c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie a?aecia/aeanue cia/ia /anoioa iia?aie/iiai (42,0%) oa iaoieia?/iiai (24,0%) ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy, a o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia?aaaaeaei o?c?ieia?/ia (68,0%). C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea iaie aoa ?ic?iaeaiee a?aeiia?aeiee eiiieaen caoiae?a, yeee aeeth/aa o naaa ae?th/? iaoiaeeee, eio?? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey e?eoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue ci?iai- ia?aiaiai aia?aoo (aeiiiaeio?ai?ia, ineoio?ai?ia, e?eoaaeueia a?iianoeea Oaia?iaa oa ?io?), a oaeiae caiaoaioiaaia i?iiiceoe?y - ieoey?e aeey ?icoe?aiiy iiey ci?o ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea oai?eo c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith. Aoaeoeai?noue ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ye? i?iiiiothoueny, aoea i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?ic?aooieii ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai e?euee?niiai iieacieea ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy o 50 in?a, ye? io?eiaee cacia/aiee eiiieaen (iniiaia a?oia) oa no?eueeio aea in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, o yeeo a?i ia canoiniaoaaany. A iniiai?e a?oi? a?aecia/aii o 2,3 ?ace /ano?oa, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, o?c?ieia?/ia aoiieaiiy (a?aeiia?aeii 50,0% ? 22,0%), oa a 5 ?ac?a iaioa iaoieia?/ia ci?iaa aoiieaiiy. Ie?aii aea/aia oa iaa?oioiaaia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ieoey??a aeey oai?eo c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith (iaoaio Oe?a?ie ia aeiao?ae ? 15157A a?ae 30.06.97). ?o aeei?enoaiiy ni?ey? ?icoe?aiith ia?eoa??/ieo iaae iiey ci?o ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea a noi?iio ne?iiai (a?aenooiueiai iea) ia 25 - 300. Aeine?aeaeaia, cie?aia, oaeiae aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueii? a?iianoeee ca iaoiaeeeith Oaia?iaa. O in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy eo?no e?eoaaeueii? a?iianoeee ?a?no?oaaeenue a?eueo iecuee? aaee/eie ii?iao iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy i?inoi?o ii??aiyii c ?o ii/aoeiaei ??aiai aei e?eoaaiiy. I?iaaaeaiiy oeueiai eiiieaeno aeicaiey? i?enei?eoe aaeaioaoe?th iino?aaeaeaeeo c iaeiinoi?iiiueith ne?iioith ca ?aooiie a?eueo oaeaeeiai ?icaeoeo iaaee?a aeei?enoaiiy a ioe?ioe? aeeaeie i?inoi?o aoi?eiieo aii???/ieo oaeoi??a. C o?aooaaiiyi a?aaeaoe?? ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy aoee cai?iiiiiaai? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? i?ia?aie, ye? aeeth/aee a naaa ia o?eueee aeuaicia/aiee eiiieaen, oaeiae e ieoaiiy ei?aeoe?? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? oa a?aeii/eieo oai?eo c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie. I?aai?caoe?y ye iaaee/ii?, oae ? nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?ia?ai in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie cae?enithaaeanue o eaa?iao? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ca?aeii cai?iiiiiaaii? "Noaie i?aai?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie" oa c aeei?enoaiiyi "?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ea?oe eiiieaenii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie". Eiio?iethaaee nai?/ani?noue oa iiaiioe?ii?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ye oa?aiaaoe/ieo, oae ? ca iieacieeaie o??o?a?/ieo caoiae?a, a oaeiae i?iaiaeeee iooaeueiia?aiiii?/iee eiio?ieue ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea, i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo. Aiae?c ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea a oiiaao ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iieacaa, ui o 54 /ieia?e c 86 i?aoethth/eo ?a?no?oaaeinue iaoieia?/ia oa iia?aie/ia ci?iaa aoiieaiiy. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo i?ia?ai o 86 in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith iaaeaee iiaeeea?noue iie?ioeoe ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea o 83,3% aeiaaee?a iaoieia?/iiai oa iia?aie/iiai ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy. O 20 aeiaaeeao, eiee i?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a caeeoeeenue icia/ai? aeaee ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy, aoea cae?eniaia ei?aeoe?y i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy. Aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy aoea i?aeoaa?aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiyie iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a o aeeiai?oe? c aeei?enoaiiyi iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieo iaoiaeee (iaeaeeae/a oi/ea yniiai ci?o, /an ni?eeiyooy iine?aeiaiiai eieuei?iaiai eiio?anoo, ei?aeoo?iee oano). Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aoee i?iaaaeai?, iaaeaee iiaeeea?noue ooi/ieoe ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/i? aeai? uiaei iino?aaeaeaeeo c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith, iieacaee iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea oa cai?iiiioaaoe a?aeiia?aeiee ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiee eiiieaen. Aeiaaaeaii iiceoeaia cia/aiiy noaiaeiaeo iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, a oaeiae eiio?ieth i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy in?a. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeioe?euei?noue iiaeaeueoiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye? aeo?eathoue c ?iaioe, ui aeicaieeoue aianoe cia/iee aeeaae o ??oaiiy aeayeeo aniaeo?a aeooaeueii? iaaee/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? i?iaeaie, yeith ? iinoo?aaiaoe/ia iaaee?eiaia iiiieoey?ia ne?iioa. AENIIAEE 1. O?aaia i?aaio ci?o ? iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei ne?iioe oa ?iaae?aeiino?. Iacaaaeath/e ia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aaaaoi ieoaiue ?aaa?e?oaoe?? in?a c iaaee?eiaaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie c o?aooaaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea ia ciaeoee iaeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy o e?oa?aoo??. 2. I?iaaaeaiiy noaiaeiaeo iooaeueiia?aiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeai? iaoiaee uiaei aeyaeaiiy ?aaeoe?? ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea ia ci?iaa iaaaioaaeaiiy: iaeaeeae/a oi/ea yniiai ci?o (ca?eueoaiiy ?? a?aenoiyiiy a?ae iea i?ae aieeaii ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a?ae 12,20,28 aei 14,30,31 ni), /an ni?eeiyooy iine?aeiaiiai eieuei?iaiai eiio?anoo (eiai nei?i/aiiy c 5,140,28 aei 4,00,29 nae), ei?aeoo?iee oano (ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo ci?iai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? c 0,320,01 aei 0,230,009 a?o/nao). 3. ?icaeoie iaeiinoi?iiiuei? ne?iioe i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai i?aeaeuaiiy ii?iao iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie ?aeeiei c?y/ei ieii ia i?ioyc? iaoeo 6 i?nyoe?a a?aeiinii ??aiy oeueiai iieacieea o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oii?. 4. Eiiieaenia ioe?iea ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy o in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith iieacaea, ui o ieo eiinoaoiaaia cia/ia /anoioa iia?aie/iiai (42,0%) oa iaoieia?/iiai ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy (24,0%), a o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoei ia?aaaaeii o?c?ieia?/ia ci?iaa aoiieaiiy (68,0 %). 5. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aei i?aeoeee ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aaeaoe?? ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy o in?a, ye? caeiyo? ia?aaaaeii eaae?o?eiaaiei o?oaeii, aeaei iiaeeea?noue ciaioeoe a?aenioie aeiaaee?a iaoieia?/iiai ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy c 33,3% aei 11,1%, iia?aie/iiai – c 66,7% aei 25,9%, ui aeicaieeei iie?ioeoe ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea o 83,3% aeiaaee?a iia?aie/iiai oa iaoieia?/iiai ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy o in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie. NIENIE IAOEIAEO ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Nooeia E.A., Nie?iiaa A.O., Ci?eia I.A., Aieoaia E.Y. No?oeoo?a o?aaioiie o?aaiu i?aaia c?aiey a i?iiuoeaiiii ?aaeiia a aeeiaieea e aii?inu niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiecaoeee iiiiue iino?aaeaaoei // Iooaeueiie. aeo?i. - 1997 .- ? 6.- N. 385- 389. 2. Aieoaia E.Y., Nooeia E.A., Ci?eia I.A. Iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey a ioeaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca i?e iiiieoey?iie neaiioa aneaaenoaea o?aaiu // Iooaeueiie. aeo?i.- 1998.- ?1.- N. 82-86. 3. Aieoaia E.Y. I/ee aeey ?anoe?aiey iaci?iiai iiey c?aiey o aieueiuo n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie // Iooaeueiie. aeo?i. - 1998. - ?3. - N. 250-251. 4. Nooeia E.A., Aieoaia E.Y. Ooieoeeiiaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe aaeeinoaaiiiai aeaca e aii?inu ?aaaeeeoaoeee eeoe n iaecea/eiie iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu // I?iaeaie aeieia?/ii? oa iaaee/ii? aaiaoeee ? ee?i?/ii? ?ioiieia??. – 1999. – Aei. 5 (25). - N.319- 324. 5. Iaoaio 15157 A Oe?a?ia, IEA A 61 F 9 / 00. Ieoey?e aeey oai?eo iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith / Noo?ia E.I., Ni??iiaa I.O., Aieoaia E.A. - ?5010312; Cayae.23.01.95; Iioae. 30.06.97; Athe. ? 3.- 4 n. 6. Aieoaia E.Y., Nooeia E.A., Nie?iiaa A.O. Aeeaaiinoeea c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey e ?aaaeeeoaoeey i?e iiiieoey?iie iinoo?aaiaoe/aneie neaiioa // Cae?aaiio?aiaiea Aeiiaanna. - 1998. - ?1. - N. 65-66. 7. Nooeia E.A., Aieoaia E.Y., Eo?eo?ei A.A., Nooeia E.A. Ia?niaeoeau iaaeeoeeineie e nioeeaeueiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee i?e iiiieoey?iie neaiioa // Aii?inu o?aaiaoieiaee e i?oiiaaeee. - Aeiiaoee, 1994. - N. 94-96. 8. Aieoaia E.Y. Eciaiaiey iiey c?aiey i?e c?eoaeueiie iaa?ocea o eeoe n iiiieoey?iie o?aaiaoe/aneie neaiioie // Nai?iee iao/i. o?oaeia iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia, iinayu. 65-eaoeth Aeiiaoeeiai iaaeeoeeineiai oieaa?neoaoa. - Aeiiaoee, 1996. - N. 42-44. 9. Aieoaia E.Y., Nooeia E.A., Ci?eia I.A. Iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe iaaeeoeeineie e nioeeaeueiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu // I?iaeaiu cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey.- Aeiiaoee: Eaaaaeue. - 1997.- N. 11-13. 10. Aieoaia E.Y. Cia/aiea iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee a ?ac?aaioea i?ia?aii ii ?aoeeiiaeueiiio o?oaeiono?ienoao eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu // Aii?inu yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie iaaeeoeeiu. - Aeiiaoee, 1998. - N. 19-23. 11. Aieoaia E.Y. Ninoiyiea ?aoeiaeueiiai eiiiiiaioa c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey o eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie // Oac. iao/i. o?oaeia iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu Aeiiaanna”. - Aeiiaoee, 1997. - N. 12. 12. Nooeia E.A., Aieoaia E.Y., Eioeoaae A.A. ?acoeueoaou iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee ninoiyiey c?eoaeueiiai aiaeecaoi?a eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu i?aaia c?aiey // Oac. aeii. IX c’?caeo iooaeueiieia?a Oe?a?ie. - Iaeana, 1996. - N. 327- 329. 13. Aieoaia E.A., Aieoaiaa A.A. Aniaeoe ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie a oiiaao iie?ee?i?ee // Oac. aeii. IV I?aeia?.eiio. c iooaeueiieia??. - Ee?a, 1998. - N. 32-33. 14. Noo?ia E.I., Aieoaia E.A. Iniaeeaino? aeeaeiiiai ci?o in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie // Oac. aeiiia?aeae ?? oe?a?inueei-iieuenueei? eiioa?aioe?? c iooieueiieia??. - Ee?a, 1999.- N. 165-166. 15. Aieoaia E. Y. Aiciiaeiinoe ?acaeoey aeoaeiiiai c?aiey eeoe n iaecea/eiie iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu // Oac. aeiee. eiio. “Iaaeeoeeineea i?iaeaiu i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia”. – Aeiiaoee, 1999. – N. 25. AIIOAOe?ss Aieoaia E.A. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea oa ieoaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?? in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.18- i/i? oai?iae.- ?inoeooo i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I. O?eaoiaa AII Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 2000. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? in?a c iaaee?eiaiith iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie. Iaaeathoueny aeai? aeeiai?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca 160 oai?eie. I?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iooaeueiia?aiiii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy, iaae iiey ci?o, iiiieoey?iiai ni?eeiyooy aeeaeie o 50 in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith a oiiaao ci?iaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Cae?eniaia eiiieaenia e?euee?nia ioe?iea iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, anoaiiaeai? a?aaeaoe?? ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy in?a c iiiieoey?iith ne?iioith aiane?aeie o?aaie. A?aoiaoth/e a?aaeaoe?? ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy cai?iiiiiaai? ?iae?a?aeoaeuei? ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? i?ia?aie. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o aei i?aeoeee iaaeaei iiaeeea?noue iie?ioeoe ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ?aeeiiai c?y/iai iea o 83,3% aeiaaee?a iia?aie/iiai oa iaoieia?/iiai ci?iaiai aoiieaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaee?eiaia iiiieoey?ia ne?iioa aiane?aeie o?aaie, iooaeueiia?aiiii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ci?iaa aoiieaiiy, ?aaa?e?oaoe?y. AIIIOAOeEss Aieoaia E.Y. Ooieoeeiiaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca e aii?inu ?aaaeeeoaoeee eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.18- aeaciua aieacie.- Einoeooo aeaciuo aieaciae e oeaiaaie oa?aiee ei. A.I. Oeeaoiaa AII Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 2000. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaaeeeoaoeee eeoe n iaecea/eiie iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu. I?eaiaeyony aeaiiua aeeiaie/aneiai iaaethaeaiey ca 160 aieueiuie. Iaeiei ec iai?aaeaiee aeaeueiaeoae ?aaaeeeoaoeee yoie eaoaai?ee aieueiuo yaeyaony iiauoaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca. N oeaeueth eco/aiey ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniia iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneia enneaaeiaaiea 50 eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie e o 50 caei?iauo eeoe eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. Eco/aeinue oaeaea ninoiyiea a?aieoe iiey c?aiey e iieacaoaey iiiieoey?iiai aini?eyoey aeoaeiu. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee auyaeoue iaeaieaa eioi?iaoeaiua iaoiaeeee aeey auyaeaiey ?aaeoeee aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca ia c?eoaeueioth iaa?oceo (aeeaeaeoay oi/ea yniiai aeaeaiey, a?aiy aini?eyoey oeaaoiaiai iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai eiio?anoa, ei??aeoo?iue oano). I?iaaaeaia ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey n ?an/aoii eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai eiee/anoaaiiiai iieacaoaey c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey. Onoaiiaeaiu a?aaeaoeee c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca. Ioia/aii, /oi n?aaee eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie /aua ?aaeno?e?iaaeinue iia?aie/iia e iaoieiae/aneia c?eoaeueiia ooiieaiea (66,0%), a o eeoe eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu - oeceieiae/aneia (68%). I?aaeeiaeai eiiieaen ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee n oeaeueth oeo/oaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca. A eiiieaen ia?ii?eyoee aoiaeeee aeeiiiaeio?aieia, ineoio?aieia, eiiieaen ea/aaiie aeiianoeee aeey ainnoaiiaeaiey ia?ooaiey aeoaeiiiai c?aiey ii iaoiaeeea Oaia?iaa, a oae aea eniieueciaaiea i/eia aeey ?anoe?aiey iiey c?aiey aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca (iaoaio Oe?aeiu ?5157A io 30.06.97). N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai iieacaoaey c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aei e iinea i?iaaaeaiey ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee iieacae, /oi iinea aai i?iaaaeaiey ioia/aeinue a 5 ?ac ?aaea iaoieiae/aneia c?eoaeueiia ooiieaiea, oaeaeueiue aan oeceieiae/aneiai c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey au?in n 22,0% aei 50,0%. Aoiaeyuea a oeacaiiue eiiieaen i/ee iicaieytho ?anoe?youe ia?eoa?e/aneia iiea c?aiey aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca a noi?iio ionoonoaothuaai (neaiiai) aeaca ia 25-300. I?eiaiaiea eiiieaena ea/aaiie aeiianoeee oeo/oaao aaeaioaoeeth iino?aaeaaoaai ca n/ao ?acaeoey iaaueia eniieueciaaiey a ioeaiea aeoaeiu i?ino?ainoaa aoi?e/iuo yiie?e/aneeo oaeoi?ia. ?ac?aaioaiu eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiua i?ia?aiiu a caaeneiinoe io a?aaeaoeee c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey, a eioi?uo ia?yaeo n i?eaaaeaiiui eiiieaenii ia?ii?eyoee ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu ei??aeoeee o?oaeiono?ienoaa, nicaeaiea iioeiaeueiuo oneiaee o?oaea e ioaeuoa yoie eaoaai?ee aieueiuo. Aeeiaie/aneia iaaethaeaiea ca aieueiuie inouanoaeyeinue a niioaaonoaee ni noaiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo n iaecea/eiie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu e ?ac?aaioaiiie iaie" Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie ea?ou eiiieaeniie ?aaaeeeoaoeee eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie aneaaenoaea o?aaiu". A oiaea iaaethaeaiey inouanoaeyeny eiio?ieue ca naiaa?aiaiiinoueth i?iaaaeaiey eiio?iey ea/aaiuo ia?ii?eyoee, a oaeaea e iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneee eiio?ieue ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca. I?eiaiaiea ?ac?aaioaiiuo ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo i?ia?aii o 86 ?aaioathueo eeoe n iiiieoey?iie neaiioie iicaieeee oeo/oeoue ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca a 83,3% neo/aaa iaoieiae/aneiai e iia?aie/iiai c?eoaeueiiai ooiieaiey. O 20 eeoe inouanoaeaia ei??aeoeey o?oaeiono?ienoaa, yooaeoeaiinoue eioi?ie iiaeoaa?aeaeaia iiaoi?iuie enneaaeiaaieyie iaeaieaa eioi?iaoeaiuo iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneeo iaoiaeee. Oaeei ia?acii, i?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiauoaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae aaeeinoaaiiiai c?y/aai aeaca, i?aaeeiaeai niioaaonoaothuee ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiue eiiieaen, aeieacaii iieiaeeoaeueiia cia/aiea iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee a ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee e eiio?iey o?oaeiono?ienoaa. Auoaeathuea ec ?aaiou ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, iicaieytho aianoe ii?aaeaeaiiue aeeaae a ?aoaiee aii?inia iaaeeoeeineie e nioeeaeueiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee eeoe n iaecea/eiie iinoo?aaiaoe/aneie iiiieoey?iie neaiioie. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaecea/eiay iiiieoey?iay neaiioa aneaaenoaea o?aaiu, iooaeueiiy?aiiiie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey, c?eoaeueiia ooiieaiea, ?aaaeeeoaoeey. ANNOTATION Golubov K.E. Functional abilities of the single eye and questions of rehabilitation of persons with incurable blindness on account of trauma. Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 14.01.18 – eye diseases – Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases and Tissue Therapy, Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine, Odessa, 2000. The dissertation dedicate to the questions of increasing the efficiency of rehabilitation of persons with incurable monocular blindness on account of trauma. Data of dynamic observation in 160 patients are adduced. Results of investigations of main components of visual fatigue, field of vision, monocular perception of depth in patients with monocular blindness in conditions of visual load are presented. Complex quantitative assessment of the results obtained is adduced, gradations of visual fatigue in 50 patients with monocular blindness are distinguished. Complex measures for increasing the functional abilities of the single eye are elaborated. Taking into account the gradations of visual fatigue, individual rehabilitation programs were suggested, application of which allowed to improve functional abilities of the single eye of working subjects with posttraumatic blindness in 83,3% cases of frontier and pathological visual fatigue. Key words: incurable blindness on account of trauma, ophthalmoergonomic investigations, visual fatigue, rehabilitation.

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