IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?AA?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

AEAAOI ?AI? A?EAI?IAE*

OAeE 336.22

OOIEOe?IIOAAIIss IIAeAOEIAI? NENOAIE

A OIIAAO O?AINOI?IAOe??

AEIIII?EE OE?A?IE

Ciaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.04.01 – O?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anuee?e eiia?oe?ei?e aeaaeai?? Oeiiini?eee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Caai?nueeee Aieiaeeie? Noaiaiiae/,

Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia aeaaeai?y,

aeaeai aeiiii?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

TH??e Na?a?e ?ee?/,

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
o?iain?a;

— eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aieeinueeee Ieaa Oaiaeic?eiae/,

aieiaa Aea?aeaaii? iiaeaoeiai?

aaei?i?no?aoe?? o Euea?anuee?e iaeano?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: — Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a o?iain?a, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30“ a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 1100 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.154.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe a ?inoeooo?
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 290026,
i.Euea?a, aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 30 “ eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe AEiaoaiaoeueeee
A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

No/ania e?eciaa neooaoe?y, ui neeaeany i?e oi?ioaaii? aea?aeaaieo
aeioiae?a, a oaeiae niaae i?aei?e?iieoeueei? e ae?eiai? aeoeaiino?,
aecia/athoue iaiao?aei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue ?ic?iaee iiaeo
eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae cae?eniaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee.

Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaoe?a ye aaaeae?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee
ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ? iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei. Ianaiia?aae oea
coiiaeaii iaiine?aeiai?noth iiaeaoeiai? ?aoi?ie, iaaeaaaeai?noth
o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, /anoith ci?iith iiaeaoe?a, ia?aaeyaeii iaoai?ci?a
?o ni?aaeyiiy, i?ieea?noth o?iainiaeo i??i?eoao?a aea?aeaae. Ioaea,
iinoa? neeaaeia caaaeaiiy ?ic?iaee eiioeaioe?? iiaeaoeiai? ?aoi?ie, yea
a a?aeiia?aeaea oiiaai, aeiiaai, aeeeeeai nueiaiaeaiiy. Ia?ao?ae aei
?eieiai? nenoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a?, ui iiaeaoee ye
noa’?eoeaia yaeua o?iainiai? iie?oeee, iiaeii? ni?eyoe ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei, noeioethaaoe i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue, caaacia/oaaoe
iaiiaithaai?noue athaeaeaoo.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noth iiooeo
aaeaeaaoieo no/aniei oiiaai iai?yie?a oaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai?
iie?oeee. Caaaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? ?aoi?ie iieyaa? o noai?aii? oaeiai
o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio, yeee ae ni?eya aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa, aeaaaa iiaeeea?noue ca?eueooaaoe ianyae oa i?aeaeuoaaoe
aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa, iiia?aaeaeoaaa ?ioeyoe?ei? i?ioeane,
i?aeaeuoaaa aeia?iaoo ianaeaiiy.

O o?iainia?e e?oa?aoo?? aaaaoi oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny i?iaeaiai
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy. Cia/iee aianie o ?ic?iaeo oai?aoe/ieo oa i?eeeaaeieo
iniia iiiaeaoeoaaiiy aianee Aiae?ouaiei A.E., A?e?iueeee I.TH., Aaneeee
I.Ae., Aeie?oi?e I.?., Ae?iaic?ia E.A., AEoeia ?.O., Eaoei A.A., Eici??c
I.A., Iia??i A.I., Nooi?i?ia A.I., Oeaii/oe ?.I., Oaaeinia A.I., *a?iee
Ae.A., TH??e N.?. oa ?io? a/ai?. Iaeiae, aeiiii?/ia ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?
aeiaaa? iiooeo iiaeo oeyo?a aaeaioaoe?? o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio aei
eiie?aoiiai aoaio ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, iioei?caoe?? iiaeaoeiaeo noaaie,
anoaiiaeaiiy aace e ia??iae?a iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, aeoiaey/e c o?iainiaeo
iiaeeeainoae oa ?ioa?an?a ieaoiee?a, ?ai?aai?caoe?? iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a
?iaioe iiaeaoeiaiai aia?aoo. Aeacai? i?iaeaii? aniaeoe iino?eii
caaino?ththoueny aiane?aeie iaiine?aeiaii? eiiieaenii? ?aoi?ie
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, aeiaaathoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy e
caeeoathoueny aeooaeueieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a?aeiia?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Euea?anueei?
eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai?? c oaie “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo niiaeea/i?
eiiia?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?eieiaiio na?aaeiaeu?” (iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 0197U017310).

Iaoa ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaenia ocaaaeueiaiiy ? i?aeoe/iee aiae?c
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo canaae ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee oa iaoiae?a ?iaioe o?neaeueiiai aia?aoo, a
oaeiae aecia/aiiy iiaeo i?eeii?a ? oeyo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy th?eaee/ieo in?a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith aecia/ai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— oai?aoe/ii ocaaaeueieoe nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io i?e?iaeo iiaeaoe?a, ?o
ooieoe??, aeaiaioe, i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae oa aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ?o
ooeoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo;

— aecia/eoe ?ieue ? i?ecia/aiiy iiaeaoeiaeo ieaoaae?a a eiiieaen?
caoiae?a uiaei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie i?ioeanaie a
noni?euenoa?;

— i?iaanoe ?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiae?c aaiethoe?? o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio a
eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeai?e nenoai?, a oaeiae iniaeeainoae eiai
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo a no/anieo oiiaao c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaieo iai?yie?a i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ae?th/o nenoaio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy th?eaee/ieo in?a, ??
?ieue ? cia/aiiy a nenoai? o?iainiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee;

— ocaaaeueieoe i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio
aa?o?noue, aeoeeciiai cai?o, iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoa, iaeiiaeo
ieaoaae?a ? ia iniia? oeueiai iaa?oiooaaoe oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiaeeee ?o ni?aaeyiiy;

— ?ic?iaeoe ni?iuaio noaio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iaeeo i?aei?e?inoa ye
oei/aniaee cao?ae c iaoith caoe?eaaeaiiy inoaii?o o ?icoe?aii?
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?;

— ie?aneeoe ?ieue ? iaoiaee ?iaioe iiaeaoeiai? neoaeae ca aeio?eiaiiyi
ieao?aeii? aeenoeeie?ie a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy aeioiae?a athaeaeaoo;

— aecia/eoe i?aai?caoe?ei? oa i?aaia? canaaee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
eiio?ieueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?iaioe aea?aeaaieo iiaeaoeiaeo i?aai?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee iaoiaee
caaaeueii? oai??? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy, nenoaiiee aiae?c, eia?/i?,
noaoenoe/i? e aenia?oi? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?ao?/ia cia?aaeaiiy
aeaieo, aiae?oe/i? ia/eneaiiy iieaciee?a.

O i?ioean? ?ic?iaee oaie aeei?enoaii caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai?
aeieoiaioe aeueo i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee e oi?aae?iiy, i?aecaeiii?
aeoe Aea?aeaaii? iiaeaoeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe?? Oe?a?ie (AeIA), ?ic?iaee
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo o aaeoc? o?iainiai? iaoee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa?
a iaa?oiooaaii? iecee oai?aoe/ieo aeniiae?a ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iiiceoe?e
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/iai ii?yaeeo iiiaeaoeoaaiiy th?eaee/ieo in?a
oa nenoaie iiaeaoeiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe??:

— ae?noaei iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy noo? ?
ooieoe?e iiaeaoe?a a nenoai? o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei o e?a?i? c aeiiii?eith
ia?ao?aeiiai oeio ? ia iniia? oeueiai ?ice?eoi iniiai? i?eioeeie
?oiueiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy;

— nenoaiaoeciaaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe iiaeaoeiai? oi?ie
?iciiae?eo ? ia?a?iciiae?eo iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo oa iniaeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaoe?a ye o?iainiaeo aaaeae?a ia no/aniiio aoai?;

— aecia/aii iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie a Oe?a?i? ?
oaiaeaioe?? ?? ?icaeoeo ia iaeaeeae/o ia?niaeoeao;

— cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ni?aaeyiiy
iiaeaoe?a ia niiaeeaaiiy c iiceoe?e iineaaeaiiy ?o ?aa?aneaiino? e
eoioeyoeaiiai aoaeoo;

— iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy ni?iuaii? iaoiaeeee
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iaeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ye ia?ao?aeiiai aoaio aei
i?ia?aneaiiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoai?ci iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iaeia th?eaee/ieo in?a, ui ni?eya
ae aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith iaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a i?e iaeii/aniiio
cieaeaii? iiaeaoe?a, ui niea/othoueny c i?eaooeo;

— aianaii i?iiiceoe?? oa aeacaii aaaeae? iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ?
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iiaeaoeiai? ?iaioe Aea?aeaaieo iiaeaoeiaeo
?iniaeoe?e ?aeiiiiai ??aiy oi?aae?iiy.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ia
oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iiaeeaeaii? ciaiue c ieoaiue
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaoe?a ye aaaeeeaiai caniao oi?ioaaiiy aeioiae?a
athaeaeaoo a o?niiio ii?aeiaii? c ?o ?aaoethth/eie aeanoeainoyie.
?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy e i?aeoiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
i?e oi?ioaaii? aaeaeaaoieo ia?ao?aeiei oiiaai iniia o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ae?iaeaieo
eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ni?aaeyiiy
ie?aieo iiaeaoe?a, iie?auaiiy iiaeaoeiai? ?iaioe o?neaeueiiai aia?aoo o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ?aae?e ?eieiai? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.

Cacia/ai? i?iiiceoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a ?iaio? AeIA Oe?a?ie oa
?? i?noeaaeo no?oeoo?, eiio?ieueii-?aa?c?eii? neoaeae, eacia/aenoaa,
?ioeo o?iainiaeo i?aai?a caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??ai?a
oi?aae?iiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? naiino?eiith caaa?oaiith
?iaioith aaoi?a. C iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? , a
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? eeoa o? ?aea? ? iieiaeaiiy, ui ? ?acoeueoaoii
iniaenoi? ?iaioe caeiaoaa/a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee
? i?iiiceoe?? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy iiai?
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie a Oe?a?i?” (Euea?a-1994), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie”(Euea?a-1995), ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? ani??aio?a Euea?anueei?
eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai?? ai?iaeiaae 1994-1997??. Ie?ai? ?ic?iaee oa
i?iiiceoe?? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? a ?iaio?
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?ee Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??
(aeia?aeea i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 12.03.1998 ?. ?01/1-736), a oaeiae
i?e aeeeaaeaii? o?iainiaeo aeenoeeie?i a o/aiaiio i?ioean? Euea?anueei?
eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai?? (aeia?aeea i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 5.03.1998 ?.
?96/10-12.10.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo
noaoae caaaeueiei ianyaii 3,5 ae.a., a o./. 2,8 iaeaaeaoue iniaenoi
aaoi?o.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 168 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (179 iaeiaioaaiue). O ?iaio?
i?aaenoaaeaii 31 oaaeeoeth oa 23 ?enoiee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Nooue oa aecia/aeuei? ?ene iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie”
aena?oeththoueny iaea?eueo caaaeuei? i?aeoiaee o?neaeueii? iaoee aei
aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? e nioe?aeueii? i?e?iaee iiaeaoe?a, ?o ooieoe?e ?
i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe??, aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy oa
?icaeoeo iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie ia oa?aiao Oe?a?ie.

Aeiiii?/ia ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?, aieiaia iaoa yei? iieyaa? a iiaoaeia?
nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaii? aeiiii?ee ?eieiaiai oeio, ia?aaeaa/a? oe?eee
eiiieaen aca?iiiaoiiaeaieo caoiae?a, a naia: aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
oi?i aeaniino?, oe?ieee ?icaeoie oiaa?ii-a?ioiaeo a?aeiinei, oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, aeoeaia canoinoaaiiy o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo
aaaeae?a ye cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeiiii?ee. Iaei??th c
iaea?eueo nooo?aeo oa, aiaeii/an, neeaaeieo i?iaeai o i?ioean? ?aoi?ie ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy o?iainiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei o ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? ?,
iniaeeai iiaeaoeiaeo a?aeiinei noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?
c athaeaeaoiith nenoaiith. Oea coiiaeth?oueny ianaiia?aae iane?aeeaie
ca?aeaieia?ciaaii? eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
?icaeoie yei? ?icaeyaeaany ye ianoi?nia yaeua c iiaeaoeiaith oi?iith
iaea?aeaaeaiiy.

Ia?oii?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy iiaeaoe?a noaea iiyaa aea?aeaae, ye?e aeey
aeeiiaiiy nai?o ooieoe?e iio??ai? cia/i? o?iainia? ?ano?ne. Iaa?oioiaaii
aeniiaie, ui naia iie?oe/iei ono?i?i noni?euenoaa, i?e?iaeith ?
ooieoe?yie aea?aeaae aecia/a?oueny nooue o?neaeueiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th,
eiai i?noea oa ?ieue o nenoai? ia?a?iciiae?eue/eo a?aeiinei. Ni?aaeyth/e
aeoeaiee aieea ia i?ioean iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iiaeaoee
aenooiathoue iniiaiei o?iainiaei aa?aioii aeiiii?/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai
?icaeoeo e?a?ie, a ?o noni?eueia oe?ia aei??th?oueny ao?aoith /anoeie
iniaenoiai aeia?iaooo eiie?aoieie ieaoieeaie ?c ia?ai?uaiiyi oe???
/anoeie /a?ac athaeaeao aei anueiai ianaeaiiy aea?aeaae.

Noni?eueia i?ecia/aiiy iin??a o?neaeueieo a?aeiinei ae?aaea?oueny a
?aeiino? aeeiioaaieo ieie ooieoe?e. C iaeyaeo ia o?neaeueio ooieoe?th,
iiaeaoee iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe aeiiaai noaa?eueiino?, iino?eiino?
iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei athaeaeaoo, ??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo iiaeaoeiaiai
oyaa?y a oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?ic??c?; c iaeyaeo ia ?aaoethth/o —
a?aoiaoaaoe oaeoi?e o?neaeueii? aeinoaoiino?, aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
oa nioe?aeueii? ni?aaaaeeeaino?; c iaeyaeo ia eiio?ieueio — ae?aaeaoe
?iaiaioi? yeino? iiaeaoe?a, caaacia/oaaoe iiaeeeaino? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iiaeaoeiaiai eiio?ieth.

Aiae?c i?eioeei?a cae?eniaiiy iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee cana?ae/ea i?i iaai?
iaaeie?ee a oeueiio ieai?. Cie?aia, /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii ia a on?o
aeiaaeeao ia?aaeaa/aii aeeeth/aiiy iiaea?eiiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy,
anoaiiaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? eaioe, aio/eino? iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie, ??
athaeaeaoii? i???ioaoe??, aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iiaeaoe?a, cia/ii
iaiaaeaia ?o noeioethth/a ni?yiiaai?noue oiui. Cae??ieaiiy oeeo oa ?yaeo
?ioeo iieiaeaiue ? aaaeeeaei iai?yieii o?neaeueii? ?iaioe.

?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiae?c noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie ia
oa?aiao Oe?a?ie cana?ae/ea i?i oe?eeiaeoa ?aii?oaaiiy iiaeaoeaie, ye
oi?iith iaea?aeaaeaiiy /anoeie aa?oino? aaeiaiai aioo??oiueiai i?iaeoeoo
(AAI) ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo. Iniaeeai iaaaoeai? iane?aeee iaea
iiaeaoeiaa ?aoi?ia 1930-32 ??., yea, ii noo?, ia?aoai?eea iiaeaoie c
iai?ioo a iiaooi?e a?ia?o?ioiaaiee aeoeec, a noaaee a?ae?aooaaiue a?ae
i?eaooeo aoee iano?eueee aenieeie, ui ia aeaaaee ieaoieeai iiaeeeaino?
iaeaaeiei /eiii iiiiaithaaoe iio?aae aeanieo ia?aiaeo eioo?a,
caaacia/oaaoe ?o i?e??no oa cae?enithaaoe eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy.
Ia?ao?ae o 1965 ?. ia ieaoaae? o aeaeyae? a?eueiiai caeeoeo i?eaooeo oa
ieaoe ca oiiaee neooaoe?? ia ci?iea, ine?eueee cacia/ai? a?ae?aooaaiiy
iineee /enoi o?neaeueiee oa?aeoa?, noaee ?ino?oiaioii ia?a?iciiae?eo
i?eaooeo i?ae ?aioaaaeueieie ? caeoeiaeie aaeocyie, ii?iaeaeoaaee
c??aiye?aeo. Ia aeaee iiceoeaieo iane?aee?a ? ni?iae ia?aeoe ia
ii?iaoeaia iaeeaaeaiiy i?eaooeo (aeioiaeo), ye? iaee i?noea a 1987 ?.
i?e ia?aoiae? ia iiaiee aini?ic?aooiie oa naiio?iainoaaiiy. Nenoaia
ii?iaoea?a aenooiaea ye iiiaeeia ie?aieo aeae?a ieaoaae?a, ui
noyaoaaeeny ca ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie ii?iaoeaaie, ye? ia iaee /?oeiai
iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oa noaa?eueiino?. A oiiaao ?icaeoeo
oiaa?ii-a?ioiaeo a?aeiinei ? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee,
caa?aaeaiiy nenoaie ieaoaae?a aei athaeaeaoo noaei aaeueiii ia oeyoo
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?eieiaeo aaaeae?a oa iaoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee.
?aeeiei a??iei ??oaiiyi o oe?e neooaoe?? noaea a?aeiiaa a?ae
aaaaoieaiaeueii? nenoaie ieaoaae?a c i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoa ? ia?ao?ae
aei aca?iia?aeiinei c athaeaeaoii ia iiaeaoeia?e iniia?.

Iiaeaoeiaa nenoaia Oe?a?ie iane/aia ??ciiiai?oieie iiaeaoeaie ??cii?
i???ioaoe??, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ?en. 1. E??i oiai, i?iaaaeaia ?aoi?ia ia
ci?ieea i?iii?oe?e ?iciiae?eo AAI, aeanoeaeo aeey ieaiiai? aeiiii?ee.
Aenieee ??aaiue iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ? caeiiii??iei yaeuai ? i?e ae?th/?e
nenoai? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ciaioeoe eiai aeineoue aaaeei. ?c oeueiai
aeieeaa?, ui iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea ia iiaea iaiaaeoaaoeny eeoa aaaaeaiiyi
iiaeo oi?i iiaeaoe?a, ye? iaiiaiai? noa?ei ci?noii. Iaiao?aeii ci?ieoe
naio iniiao iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie. Iniiaiei ieaoieeii iiaeaoe?a ia? noaoe
i?aoethth/a ianaeaiiy, i?e cia/iiio i?aeaeuaii? i?e oeueiio /anoee
iieaoe i?aoe? o AAI.

A ?iaio? i?iaiaeeoueny ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ae?th/eo iaoai?ci?a
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i? oa eieeoi?o ?aaeyinueeeo ?anioae?eao — ?in??,
Eacaonoai?, A?ei?on?. Iath/e cia/io noiae?noue, coiiaeaio aaeaeaaoi?noth
aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i, nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oeeo aea?aeaa ana ae oaee
a?ae??ciythoueny, iniaeeai a ieai? noeioethaaiiy aeiiii?ee. Caaaeath/e
ia o?ni? ainiiaea?nuee? ca’ycee, ui ?niothoue i?ae aeaieie aea?aeaaaie,
oe?eeii ?aaeueiei ? ia?ai?uaiiy eai?oae?a o e?a?ie c e?aa?aeueiei
o?neaeueiei iaoai?ciii.

Oiaoi, e?aa?aeueia iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea — iaeia ?c caii?oe caeo/aiiy
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e oa iie?auaiiy aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua caaaeii.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “O?neaeueiee ?ino?oiaioa??e ?aaoethaaiiy
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? th?eaee/ieo in?a” ?icaeyaea?oueny
ae?th/ee iaoai?ci iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa oa i?aai?caoe?e,
aiae?co?oueny ii?yaeie ia?aooaaiiy ? nieaoe iiaeaoe?a – iiaeaoeo ia
aeiaeaio aa?o?noue (IAeA), aeoeeciiai cai?o, iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie
i?aei?e?inoa, iiaeaoeo ia iaeii, iaa?oioiaothoueny iiaeeea? iai?yiee
ia?aoai?aiiy iayaieo ieaoaae?a o aoaeoeaia cia?yaeaey aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee.

A no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy c?inoa? ?ieue iai?yieo iiaeaoe?a,
iaea?eueo aeineiiaeith oi?iith yeeo ? IAeA, ui ca iiaeaoeiaith aacith ?
i?yiei, a ca niiniaii noyaiaiiy – iiina?aaeeiaaiei. A Oe?a?i? IAeA
aaaaeaiee ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a ?, iiee ui, ia ?ice?ea na?e iioaioe?ae:
a?i ia o?eueee ia? /?oei noi?iiaaio o?neaeueio ni?yiiaai?noue, aea e ia
a?aoiao? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a ieaoiee?a.

Iathoue i?noea iaaeie?ee caeiiiaeaa/iai ieaio uiaei aecia/aiiy
ieaoiee?a, ia’?eoa iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, iiiaioo aeieeiaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo
ciaia’ycaiue, i?euea, ca?aooaaiiy aei athaeaeaoo oa a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy
iiaeaoeo.

ca?eueieaoe a?ae iiiaeaoeoaaiiy aaeeeo e?euee?noue iaeeo i?aei?e?inoa,
ye? ? aieiaiith ?oo?eiith neeith ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o e?a?i?.

Aiae?c /eiiiai iiaeaoeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa cana?ae/ea i?i ie?ai?
iaaeie?ee, ye? iathoue i?noea a i?ioean? aecia/aiiy aace ia?aooaaiiy
IAeA. Aeey ?o onoiaiiy aeioe?eueii /?oei ?iciaaeoaaoe iiiyooy “ia’?eo
ia?aooaaiiy iiaeaoeo” ? “ia’?eo iiiaeaoeoaaiiy”, iaeneiaeueii
aea?eueieaoe inoaii?e a?ae aeaiaio?a, ui iathoue aeo?aoiee oa?aeoa?
(noie aii?oecaoe??), e?ea?aeoaaoe iiaea?eia iiiaeaoeoaaiiy aeiaeaii?
aa?oino?, cai?iaaaeeoe iaoai?ci aecia/aiiy iiiaioo ianoaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo
ciaia’ycaiue ca oaeoii ia?aaea/? i?aaa aeaniino?, iioei?coaaoe nenoaio
i?euea ? iaaiith i??ith iineaaeoe aeiiii?/i? aeeni?iii?oe??.

Iaei??th c iaeaeooaeuei?oeo i?iaeai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ? i?iaeaia
iiaeaoeiaeo noaaie. Aeaia ieoaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny a aeaio aniaeoao:
ia?oee iia’ycaiee ?c ?ici??ii noaaee, a ae?oaee aecia/a?oueny
e?euee?noth canoiniaoaaieo noaaie. Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaeoueny ocaaaeueiaiiy, ui a no/anieo oiiaao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe i?iii?oe?eia
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy aeiaeaii? aa?oino?, ine?eueee aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia nenoaia
noaaie ua a?eueoa oneeaaeieoue iaoai?ci ni?aaeyiiy IAeA. Ia?ao?ae aei
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo noaaie iiaeia cae?enithaaoe eeoa a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii?
noaa?e?caoe??, ea?oth/enue oaeeie i?eioeeiaie: oiaa?e ia?oi?
iaiao?aeiino? — cieaeaia noaaea, oiaa?e ?iceio? — i?aeaeuaia noaaea, on?
?io? oiaa?e — noaiaea?oia noaaea. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei ae??oaiiy
iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie ?noioii iineaaeoue ?aa?aneai?noue oi?aa?naeueiiai
aeoeeco oa eiai eoioeyoeaiee aoaeo uiaei iaeicaaacia/aieo aa?noa
ianaeaiiy.

Na?aae ?ioeo ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c IAeA, o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
?icaeyaea?oueny iaoai?ci eiai ni?aaeyiiy. Aaaaeaiiy c 1 aeiaoiy 1997
?ieo ?aeeii? noaie ia/eneaiiy iiaeaoeo aeey i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino? ? oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia iiaeia o?aeooaaoe iaeiicia/ii.
??/ o o?i, ui cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaii? iaoiaeeee ia?aaeaa/a? ia?ao?ae ia
iiao nenoaio iae?eo, a oea aeiaaa? aeiaeaoeiaeo o?iainiaeo aeo?ao — ye o
ieai? i?aai?caoe?? inoaiiuei?, oae ? c iaoith i?aeaioiaee oa
ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a.

Iiaee ii?yaeie ni?aaeyiiy IAeA ia? iiceoeaia cia/aiiy a /anoei? eiai
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy. ?acii c oei iaoai?ci iiaa?iaiiy aeaaaoiaiai naeueaei
ia iiaea aooe iiaiith i??ith ?aae?ciaaiei a oiiaao aeao?oeeoiino?
athaeaeaoo. Oiio, a?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,
iaie cai?iiiiiaaii ca?aoiaoaaoe a?ae’?iio ??cieoeth i?ae iiaeaoeiaeie
ciaia’ycaiiyie ? iiaeaoeiaei e?aaeeoii o ?aooiie iiaaoaiiy iaaei?iee c
?ioeo ieaoaae?a, ui niea/othoueny aei aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo.

Ii?yae c oi?aa?naeueiei aeoeecii, o o?neaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny niaoeeo?/i? aeoeece, ye? a?aaoeueiaothoue niiaeeaaiiy
aeniei?aioaaaeueieo ? iiiiiieueieo oiaa??a. Aiae?c aeeiai?ee
iaaeoiaeaeaiue aeoeeciiai cai?o aei athaeaeaoo ca ia??iae 1992-1997 ??.
cana?ae/ea i?i a?aeiinia ciaioaiiy ?o /anoee o aea?aeaaieo aeioiaeao. Ia
i?iyaey?oueny iaeaaeiei /eiii ?aaoethth/a ?ieue aeoeeco, ui cia/iith
i??ith coiiaeaii aenieei ??aiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy. Iiaiaeaeoth/enue caaaeii
?c caeiiiaeaa/i cae??ieaieie i?eioeeiaie ni?aaeyiiy aeoeeciiai cai?o,
iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie, ui c iaoith iiaeaeueoiai ?o oaeineiiaeaiiy
iio??ai? aeaaaeai? caaaeueiiaea?aeaai? caoiaee i?ioaeoe?ii?nonueeiai
oa?aeoa?o a aaeoc? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iiiiiieueieo oa aeniei?aioaaaeueieo
oiaa??a. I?ecia/aiiy niaoeeo?/ieo aeoeec?a — ?aaoethaaoe e?euee?ni?
ia?aiao?e niiaeeaaiiy ie?aieo oiaa??a.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeieeaaeii ?icaeyiooi iaoai?ci i?yiiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy
th?eaee/ieo in?a. I?yi? iiaeaoee ? iaa?ae’?iiei ao?eaooii iiaeaoeiai?
nenoaie Oe?a?ie, oi/a ?o /anoea o aeioiaeao athaeaeaoo ca
aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae iaea oaiaeaioe?th aei ciaioaiiy. I?e/eiaie
oeueiai iiaeia aaaaeaoe /anoee ia?aaeyae ia’?eo?a iiiaeaoeoaaiiy,
iaaeaiiy ??ciiai ?iaeo i?euea nioe?aeueii? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i???ioaoe??, c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? caeoeiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oiui.

Aaaaeaia c 1 eeiiy 1997 ?ieo iiaa iaoiaeeea iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo
i?aei?e?inoa aeaui iineaaeea o?neaeueiee oyaa?. Oaeei /eiii, aea?eueiaio
c-i?ae iiiaeaoeoaaiiy noio i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia iiiiaiaiiy aeanieo ia?aiaeo eioo?a. C ?ioiai aieo —
a?aeiinia ciaioaiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiue a?ae iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie aei
athaeaeaoo, iaaaoeaii iicia/a?oueny ia aeeiiaii? iae?i??aiaaeo
o?iainiaeo iieaciee?a. ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui i?aeoeea
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo th?eaee/ieo in?a, aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy o iai?yieo a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?aaoethth/eo
aeanoeainoae iiaeaoeo.

Aiae?c iiaeaoeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie aeyaea iaai? iaaeie?ee
i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o a i?ioean? ni?aaeyiiy iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie.
Aiie, cie?aia, noinothoueny aecia/aiiy aaee/eie iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiai
i?eaooeo, iiaeaoeiaeo noaaie, i?euea. Ia/eneaiee ca ae?th/ith
iaoiaeeeith aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo o?iainiaee ?acoeueoao ? i?eaooie,
?ic?aoiaaiee c iaoith iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, a?ae??ciythoueny ca e?euee?nieie
ia?aiao?aie, ui aeiaaa? oi?o?eaoe?? ??cieo iae?eiaeo nenoai a iaeio.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo ?aoi?i o 80-o? ?iee a
?icaeiooeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao aeaee i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ?ici??
noaaee iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie iiaeiai anoaiiaethaaoeny a?aeiia?aeii aei
caaaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai noaio a e?a?i?, o?iainiai? iie?oeee, iio?aa
?icaeoeo noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A?aoiaoth/e oe? oaeoi?e, a oaeiae
iniaeeaino? no/aniiai noaio iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, ?iaeoueny
aeniiaie, ui i?iii?oe?eia iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo ? iaea?eueo
iioeiaeueiei aeey ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, ine?eueee ia ni?aaey?
aeano?oeoeaii? ae?? ia i?ioean iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy eai?oaeo. Ii?yae c oeei
aeiaaa? ni?iuaiiy iaoai?ci i?yiiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iaeeo i?aei?e?inoa. O
aeena?oaoe?? ia i?aenoaa? aea??eiaeo niinoa?aaeaiue ca
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth i?aei?e?inoa iaeiai a?ciano
aiae?cothoueny iiaeeea? oeyoe ia?aoiaeo ia ni?iuaio nenoaio
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, ye? a?aeianai? aei aeaii?
eaoaai??? ca?aeii /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee
i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiei a ieai? aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ? ia?ao?ae aei ni?aaeyiiy ?aeeiiai iiaeaoeo c noeoiiiai
aeioiaeo (i?eaooie + ca?ia?oia ieaoa) c iaeii/aniith a?aei?iith nieaoe
?ioeo iaia’yceiaeo ieaoaae?a, e??i iai?yieo iiaeaoe?a. Caoaaaeo?oueny,
ui oaeo iaoiaeeeo aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eeoa a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii?
ianoaa?eueiino? ia aoai? oi?ioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie ?eieiaiai oeio
ye ia?ao?aeio eaieo aei i?ia?aneaiiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo ia iniia?
??aiiiai?oaeaiino?, ni?aaaaeeeaino?, iaeo?aeueiino?.

?aaoethth/a ooieoe?y iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie iaea?eueo iiaii ?aae?co?oueny
/a?ac nenoaio i?euea. Aoaeoeai?noue inoaii?o cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue
a?ae i?aaiaiai ? aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?o canoinoaaiiy. A ?iaio?
i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui oe?ieee ae?aiacii i?euea c iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie ia
a?aoiao? iiaiith i??ith ?ioa?ane noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa. Cie?aia,
oea noino?oueny oeo ieaoiee?a, ui ai?iaaaeaeothoue o ae?iaieoeoai
i?ia?aneai? oaoiieia??, cae?eniththoue iaoeiai-aeine?aei?,
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nuee? oa i?iaeoii-iiooeia? ?iaioe. Aeoiaey/e ?c
iaiao?aeiino? noeioethaaiiy oaeeo caoiae?a ? i?aeianaiiy ia oe?e iniia?
ae?iaieoeoaa, i?iiiio?oueny cai?iaaaeeoe ia c?acie cao?aeieo e?a?i
?iaanoeoe?ei? cieaeee ? iiaeaoeia? e?aaeeoe ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
ae?iaieoeoai iaeiia?oeo aeinyaiaiue iaoee ? oaoi?ee.

Cia/ia oaaaa a aeena?oaoe?? i?eae?eaia aiae?co iaoiaeeee ia?aooaaiiy
aii?oecaoe??, aaee/eia yei? ia? i?yiee aieea ia noio iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiai
i?eaooeo. Ia i?aenoaa? iaoaiaoe/ieo i?ae?aooie?a noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui
cai?iaaaeaeaiee ii?yaeie nienaiiy aa?oino? iniiaieo oiiae?a noia?a/eoue
?ioa?anai aeiiii?/ii? eia?ee ? ia noeioeth? ?o aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy.
Iiaeeeaee aeo?ae ?c aeaii? neooaoe?? — ia?ao?ae aei e?i?eiiai iaoiaeo
ia/eneaiiy aii?oecaoe?? i?e iaeii/aniiio aeei?enoaii? nenoaie
i?enei?aiiai nienaiiy aeo?ao aeoeaii? /anoeie iniiaieo oiiae?a.

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo e?ie?a noai?aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iiaea noaoe aeoea?caoe?y iaeiiaeo iiaeaoe?a. Iiaeaoie ia
iaeii ii?yae c o?neaeueiith ooieoe??th ia? oe?ieee niaeo? ?aaoethth/eo
aeanoeainoae. A oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei naia iaeiia?
iiaeaoee iiaeooue ae??oeoe ?yae aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai. Cie?aia, ca?eueoaiiy
oa noaa?e?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo aeioiae?a, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy iicaiai?ioieo aeoea?a, caeo/aiiy eai?oae?a ?c noa?e
iina?aaeieoeoaa o ae?iaieoeoai, i?ecoieiaiiy i?ioeano iiiaieeaoo?ii?
i?eaaoecaoe??. ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui ? iaeiia?, ? i?eaooeia? iiaeaoee
iiaeii? noaoe iniiaith iiai? iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie, iaiaaeoaaoe i?yia
aea?aeaaia ao?o/aiiy a aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane, i?aeaeuoaaoe
caoe?eaaeai?noue i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo? o ae??oaii? ae?iaie/eo
caaaeaiue ia a?eueo aenieiio oaoi?/iiio oa oaoiieia?/iiio ??ai?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?inoeoooe?ei? canaaee i?aai?caoe?? iiaeaoeiaiai
eiio?ieth” aena?oeaii i?iaeaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio,
a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai ca aeio?eiaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i iiaeaoee –
Aea?aeaaii? iiaeaoeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe?? (?iniaeoe??), iaa?oioiaaii oeyoe
iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe o?neaeueiiai aia?aoo uiaei iie?auaiiy
eiio?ieth ca i?aaeeuei?noth ia/eneaiiy ? iiaiioith nieaoe iiaeaoe?a.

Ianaiia?aae i?aee?aneaii, ui a oiiaao ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie iiaeaoeiaa neoaeaa ia? aeeiioaaoe oe?ieee ae?aiacii iiaeo
ooieoe?e, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey ?iaioe a ?eieiaiio na?aaeiaeu?. Iaoa
ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo iiaeaoeiaeo i?aai?a iieyaa? ia eeoa a
caaacia/aii? iiaiiai o?neaeueiiai aoaeoo, aea e o noeioethaaii?
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? aeoeaiino? ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a.

Aaaeeeaa ?ieue a i?ioean? cae?eniaiiy iiaeaoeiai? ?iaioe iieeaaea?oueny
ia iecia? iiaeaoeia? i?aaie, ye? iathoue aaciina?aaei?e ca’ycie c
ieaoieeaie iiaeaoe?a ? iiaeii? iia?aoeaii ?aaaoaaoe ia aoaeue-ye? ci?ie
a iiaeaoeia?e iie?oeoe?. Oiio iiaeaoeia? neoaeae ia i?noeyo iaae?eai?
iiaiiaaaeaiiyie naiino?eii aecia/aoe no?oeoo?o naiai aia?aoo. Ia
i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeiaaio oeiiao
i?aai?caoe?eio noaio iiaeaoeiai? ?iniaeoe?? ?aeiiiiai ??aiy oi?aae?iiy,
yea iaaaaeaia ia ?en.2.

Aiae?c aeeiai?ee athaeaeaoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue ca ia??iae 1992-1997 ??.
cana?ae/ea i?i ?noioi? iaaeie?ee eiio?ieueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?iaioe
iiaeaoeiaeo i?aai?a, ui e noaei i?e/eiith no?oeoo?ii? ?ai?aai?caoe??
o?neaeueiiai aia?aoo. Iiainoai?aiee iiaeaoeiaee i?aai iaae?eaiee oe?ieei
eieii iiaiiaaaeaiue. ?acii c oei iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? oeeo iiaiiaaaeaiue
iaaeinoaoiuei a?aei?aoeueiaaiee, a oiio iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy.

A ?iaio? ocaaaeueith?oueny na?oiaee aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? iiaeaoeiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie, ui ae?yeuei?noue iiaeaoeiai?
neoaeae a iniiaiiio caeaaeeoue a?ae iie?oe/iiai ono?ith: /ei
aeaiie?aoe/i?oa aea?aeaaia aeaaea, oei iioeiaeuei?oa no?oeoo?a
iiaeaoeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe??, oei aoaeoeai?oa ?? ae?yeuei?noue.

Aeai? iia?aoeaii-aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo AeIA Oe?a?ie na?ae/aoue i?i
?noioia iia??oaiiy athaeaeaoii? aeenoeeie?ie oa c?inoaiiy o ca’yceo c
oeei ?ici???a oo?aoieo naieoe?e, aeeiai?ea yeeo ca ia??iae 1992-1997
?ie?a iaaaaeaia ia ?en.3.

Oey oaiaeaioe?y ? caeiiii??iei iane?aeeii iaiine?aeiaii? o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee, yea i?aeooiaoo? ieaoiee?a iiaeaoe?a aei na?aeiiiai ooeeaiiy
a?ae iiiaeaoeoaaiiy.

Aiae?coth/e iaoai?ci iaeeaaeaiiy o?iainiaeo naieoe?e ca ii?ooaiiy
iiaeaoeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, eiinoaoo?oueny, ui inoaii? iathoue
noa’?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?. Iniaeeai noa’?eoea?ci i?iyaey?oueny ia inoaii?e
noaae?? ?aae?caoe?? i?ioieieo i?i aaei?i?no?aoeaia ii?ooaiiy, eiee
ea??aiee iiaeaoeiaiai i?aaio iniaenoi ae??oo? ieoaiiy i?i i?eoyaiaiiy
aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. E??i oiai, nenoaia oo?ao?a iio?aao?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe??, aeoiaey/e ?c i??e caiiae?yii? oeiaee.

?en. 2. ?aeiiaiaeiaaia oeiiaa no?oeoo?a iiaeaoeiai?

?iniaeoe?? ?aeiiiiai ??aiy oi?aae?iiy.

?en. 3. Aeeiai?ea no?oeoo?e oo?aoieo naieoe?e o aeioiaeao

athaeaeaoo ca 1992-1997 ?iee.

Iniaeeao oaaao a aeena?oaoe?? i?eae?eaii aena?oeaiith i?aai?caoe?eieo
aniaeo?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai? neoaeae. ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui
oa?eoi??aeueiee i?eioeei i?aai?caoe?? iiaeaoeiai? ?iaioe ? iaea?eueo
i?eeiyoiei aeey aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ono?ith Oe?a?ie. Aiaeii/an, a oiiaao
aaoiiaoecaoe??

oa eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? iiaeaoeiai? ?iaioe noa?aioeii? ooieoe?? ?icoiiai?
i?aoe? iiaeaoeiaiai ?iniaeoi?a ia?aoiaeyoue aei iaoei, ui aea? ciiao
i?aeiyoe iiaeaoeiaee iaiaaeaeiaio ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue. Noai?aiiy A?N
“Iiaeaoee” ?noioii iie?aueei iiaeaoeiaa ianeoaiaoaaiiy ieaoiee?a,
i?aeaeueei i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? iiaeaoeiaiai aia?aoo. Ianooiiei
e?ieii o iai?yieo iiaeaeueoi? aaoiiaoecaoe?? iiaeaoeiai? ?iaioe ia?
noaoe iiaia eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y aeieoiaioaeueieo ia?aa??ie – iaea?eueo
ae??ai? oi?ie o?iainiaiai eiio?ieth.

A?N “Iiaeaoee” iiaeiia oaeiae caaacia/oaaoe aiae?c aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??
? i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue. I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y aeaii?
nenoaie iaiiaeeeaa aac iiaoaeiae iioeiaeueii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ia
iniia? a?oioiaii? aeiiii?/ii? aace. A ?iaio? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iniiai?
i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae aaaaoioaeoi?ieo ? no?oeoo?ieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae
c iaoith ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ? ?aaeueii? ioe?iee ca’yce?a o ?aa?ii?,
?ic?iaee iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo i?iaiic?a ?icaeoeo iiaeaoeiai? aace.

Iiaeaeueoa o?ainoi?iaoe?y iiaeaoeiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ia? a?oiooaaoenue
ia noaa?eueiiio o?neaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?. Iniiai? i?eioeeie
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee aeioe?eueii cae??ieoe a Iiaeaoeiaiio eiaeaen?.
Oaeei /eiii, noi?io?oueny iiaa aaeocue i?aaa – iiaeaoeiaa i?aai, a
a?oioiaia ii?aoethaaiiy an?o eiai aeaiaio?a ia? iiceoeaii aieeiooe ia
i?ioean iiaoaeiae nioe?aeueii ni?aaaaeeeai? oa o?neaeueii aoaeoeaii?
iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie.

AENIIAEE

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai noaiiaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie aea? i?aenoaae
c?iaeoe ?yae aeniiae?a ? ocaaaeueiaiue, ui iathoue i?aeoe/iee oa?aeoa? ?
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e iiaeaeueoiio oaeineiiaeaii? /eiiiai
o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio.

1. Iiaeaoee ? iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo o?iainiaeo eaoaai??e,
iaeaieiai?oei aeaea?aeii oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a.
Aiie aecia/ai? a aeena?oaoe?? ye iaia’yceia? ieaoaae?, ui noyaothoueny
i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee ia caeiiiaeaa/i cae??ieaieo canaaeao c
th?eaee/ieo in?a ? a?iiaaeyi aeey caaeiaieaiiy noni?eueieo iio?aa.

2. Iiaeaoeiaa nenoaia Oe?a?ie ia aeeiio? iiaiith i??ith iinoaaeai?
ia?aae iath caaaeaiiy. C iaoith aaeaioaoe?? o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio aei
oiia ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua iiaeaoeiao iie?oeeo aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe ca
i?eioeeiaie noaa?eueiino?, iaia’yceiaino?, nioe?aeueii? ni?aaaaeeeaino?,
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, ??aiiiai?oaeaiino?, aio/eino?, aeeeth/aiiy
iiaea?eiiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, anoaiiaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? eaioe, athaeaeaoii?
i???ioaoe??.

3. Aieiaiee aeoeaio i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i?
c?iaeaii ia iai?yi? iiaeaoee, cie?aia ia IAeA. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai
aiae?co oi?ioeth?oueny aeniiaie, ui i?aeoeea eiai ni?aaeyiiy ia? ?yae
iaaeie?e?a ? iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy a iai?yieo i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae? iaiiiaeaoeiaoaaii? aace, aea?eueiaiiy aeiaeaii? aa?oino? a?ae
?ioeo iai?yieo iiaeaoe?a, anoaiiaeaiiy iiiaioo ianoaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo
ciaia’ycaiue ca aeaoith ia?aaea/? i?aaa aeaniino? ia oiaa?, iioei?caoe??
nenoaie i?euea, cieaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? noaaee, ni?iuaiiy aeieoiaioiia?ao
? oi?o?eaoe?? iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo, aeei?enoaiiy aeaaaoiaiai naeueaei
aeey iiaaoaiiy iaaei?iee ca ?ioeie ieaoaaeaie, ui iaaeoiaeyoue aei
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo.

4. C iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy niiaeeaaiiy aeniei?aioaaaeueieo
? iiiiiieueieo oiaa??a i?iiiio?oueny ia?aaeyiooe iaoiaeeeo ni?aaeyiiy
aeoeeciiai cai?o. Ii-ia?oa, ciaioeoe eiai noaaee. Ii-ae?oaa, iineeeoe
aea?aeaaiee eiio?ieue ca ae?iaieoeoaii oa ?iii?oii i?aeaeoeecieo
oiaa??a. Ii-o?ao?, iioei?coaaoe e?oeaicoaaiiy aeae?a i?aeaeoeecii?
ae?yeueiino?. Ii-/aoaa?oa, ca?aoiaoaaoe iaaeoiaeaeaiiy noi iiaeaoeo aei
i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a.

5. Aeyaeaii, ui iniiao iiaeaoeiaeo nenoai a?eueoino? e?a?i na?oo
neeaaeathoue i?eaooeia? iiaeaoee. Iaoii?noue, a Oe?a?i? ?o cia/aiiy ?
iacia/iei ye o o?neaeueiiio, oae ? a ?aaoethth/iio aniaeoao. Aeey
aeoea?caoe?? ?ie? iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie i?iiiio?oueny: ae?iaeoe iaeiaeia?
i?aeoiaee uiaei ?ic?iaee ?aeeiiai ii?yaeeo aecia/aiiy i?eaooeo ye
ia’?eoa iiaeaoeo oa i?eaooeo ye o?iainiaiai ?acoeueoaoo; cai?iaaaeeoe
ni?iuaiee iaoai?ci iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iaeeo i?aei?e?inoa, acyaoe ca aaco
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy noeoiiee aeio?ae (i?eaooie + oiiae iieaoe i?aoe?);
cai?iaaaeeoe ?iaanoeoe?ei? cieaeee, iiaeaoeia? e?aaeeoe oa ?io? i?eueae,
ui ni?eyee a ai?iaaaeaeaiith o ae?iaieoeoai iaeiia?oeo aeinyaiaiue iaoee
? oaoi?ee; ia?aeoe aei e?i?eiiai iaoiaeo ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??.

6. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeioe?euei?noue aaaaeaiiy iiaeaoeo ia iaeii
i?aei?e?inoa ye caniao ca?eueoaiiy athaeaeaoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue,
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a, ni?eyiiy
i?eaaoecaoe?eiei i?ioeanai.

7. Aea?aeaaia iiaeaoeiaa neoaeaa aenooia? aaaeeeaith o?iainiaith
?inoeoooe??th aea?aeaae. C iaoith iie?auaiiy eiio?ieueii-aeiiii?/ii?
?iaioe iiaeaoeiaeo i?aai?a iaiao?aeii iie?aueoe ianiai-?ic’ynithaaeueio
?iaioo na?aae ieaoiee?a, oaeineiiaeeoe i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o AeIA,
aaeaiooaaoe ooieoe?? o?neaeueiiai aia?aoo a?aeiia?aeii aei iie?oe/ii?
no?oeoo?e oa iniaeeainoae iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaioae?oaoo.

8. Iiaeaoeiaee eiio?ieue a Oe?a?i? ia? /?oei ae?aaeaia o?neaeueia
ni?yioaaiiy. Ia iniia? aiae?co iia?aoeaii-aooaaeoa?nueei? ca?oiino? AeIA
c?iaeaii ?yae i?iiiceoe?e uiaei iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy
eiio?ieueii-?aa?c?eii? ?iaioe iiaeaoeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe?? a i?ioean?
iia?e?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo aeioiae?a, a naia: caioi/aiiy ?icaeoeo
iacaeaaeieo o?iainiai-aooaaeoa?nueeeo aenia?oieo neoaea;
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y o?iainiaeo naieoe?e aeoiaey/e ?c i??e caiiae?yii?
oeiaee; iiaeaeueoa aaoiiaoecaoe?y ? eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y iiaeaoeiai? ?iaioe
ia iniia? iioeiaeueiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aeaaoi ?.A. Iiaeaoeiaa nenoaia Oe?a?ie ia aoai? noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei //A?niee Euea?anueei? eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai??. — 1998.- ?2. —
N.190-195.

2. Aeaaoi ?.A. Oai?aoe/i? canaaee i?aai?caoe?? iiaeaoeiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo a eaac??eieia?e aeiiii?oe? // ?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea
Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie: Ca. iaoe. i?. — *.1.-
Euea?a: ??Ae IAI Oe?a?ie .- 1998.- N. 384-388.

3. Iaianthe A.I., Aeaaoi ?.A., Aaa?eeei I.I. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
aniaeoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee // ?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee,
iaoai?cie: Ca. iaoe. i?. — *.1.- Euea?a: ??Ae IAI Oe?a?ie .- 1998.-
N. 369-372.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aiae?c iniiaieo iai?yie?a i?iaaaeaiiy
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee.

4. Aaoiyiei A.?. , Aeaaoi ?.A. O?iainia? ?ano?ne ?aa?iio: i?eioeeie
oi?ioaaiiy, aei??o ? iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy // Ca??iee iaoa??ae?a
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie”. -Aeione 5. -Euea?a: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.O?aiea .-1995. -N.120-122.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aiae?c ?ie? i?noeaaeo iiaeaoe?a a nenoai?
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ?aa?iio.

5. Aeaaoi ?.A. I?iaeaie caaeainiaaiino? athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo //Iaoeia? i?aoe? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo ? ani??aio?a aeaaeai??. — Euea?a: Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia
aeaaeai?y .-1995.- N.59-60.

6. Aeaaoi ?.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie aca?iia?aeiinei i?aai?caoe?e ?
i?aei?e?inoa niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? c aea?aeaaiei athaeaeaoii //
Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy
iiai? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie a Oe?a?i?”.- *. 3. — Euea?a: Euea?anueeee
oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo .-1994.- N.59-60.

7. Aeaaoi ?.A., Eaiei ?.A., Oeaiaea? I.A. Ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo //Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie o?iainoaaiiy ? e?aaeeooaaiiy o niiaeea/?e
eiiia?aoe??”. — Euea?a: Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia aeaaeai?y .-1996.-
N.98-102.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
i?euea c iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie.

8. Caai?nueeee A.N., Eioeoiae A.I., Aeaaoi ?.A. Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
?aoi?ie nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i? // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy iiai? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie a
Oe?a?i?”.-*. 3.-Euea?a: Euea?anueeee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee
?inoeooo.-1994.-N.56-57.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeai ?aoi?ioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai?
nenoaie.

9. Eooeee I.I., Aeaaoi ?.A. Aoaeeoi?nueea ia?aa??ea ?ic?aooie?a c
athaeaeaoii ii iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie //Iaoeia? i?aoe?
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? ani??aio?a aeaaeai??. —
Euea?a: Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia aeaaeai?y .-1996.- N.52-54.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeeee ia/eneaiiy
iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie.

Aeaaoi ?.A. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.04.01 – O?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo. –
?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 1998.

Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe??, yea aeine?aeaeo?
oai?aoe/i?, i?aeoe/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy
iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaeaoee, iiaeaoeiaa nenoaia, iiaeaoie ia aeiaeaio
aa?o?noue, aeoeeciee ca??, iiaeaoie ia i?eaooie, Aea?aeaaia iiaeaoeiaa
neoaeaa.

Aeaaoi E.A. Ooieoeeiie?iaaiea iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a oneiaeyo
o?ainoi?iaoeee yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.04.01 – Oeiainu, aeaiaaeiia ia?auaiea e e?aaeeo.-
Einoeooo ?aaeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 1998.

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue eaiaeeaeaoneie aeenna?oaoeee, eioi?ay enneaaeoao
oai?aoe/aneea, i?aeoe/aneea e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua aii?inu
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee
yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee a Oe?aeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaeiae, iaeiaiaay nenoaia, iaeia ia aeiaaaeaiioth
noieiinoue, aeoeeciue nai?, iaeia ia i?eaueue, Ainoaea?noaaiiay
iaeiaiaay neoaeaa.

Blagun I.G. The functioning of tax system in the conditions of Ukraine‘s
economy transformation. – Manuscript.

The thesis for application to Ph. D., Economics in the speciality
08.04.01-finance, monetary circulation and credit – The institute of
regional research NAS Ukraine, Lviv, 1998.

The thesis for application to Ph. D., Economics considering theoretical,
practical and organizational issues for the improvement of tax system
under the conditions of transformation of Ukraine‘s economic relations.

Key words: taxes, the system of taxation, value added tax (VAT), excise
tax, tax on income, State Tax Department.

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