IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? IEOAEEA Ae?AAIIAIIAA

E?EOeUeEEE Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 378.096:78.071.2

OI?IOAAIIss OI?IIss OOAeIAEIUeI? ?IOA?I?AOAOe??

O NOOAeAIO?A IOCE*IEO OAEOEUeOAO?A IAAeAAIA?*IEO CAEEAAe?A AEUI? INA?OE

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a I?aeeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? I.Aiaiey,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi?
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?IAAeAEEA Aaeeia Ieeeo?aia,Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,i?ioani? eaoaae?e a?e ia
ioce/ieo ?ino?oiaioao

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi?
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioIEAENTHE Ieueaa Ieeiea?aia,Ee?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
ia?iaeieo ?ino?oiaio?aeaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioAOC?E
Iaoae?y Aanee?aia,Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai?I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo
i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy,eaai?aoi??y anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy,AII Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 13 o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.01 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 9 ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?OAeIEOeUeEA I.I. CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. No/aniee ?icaeoie
noni?euenoaa aeiaaa? anaa?/ii ?icaeiaii? ethaeeie – c aenieeie
?ioaeaeooaeueieie, aeooiaieie, ii?aeueieie oa i?ioan?eieie yeinoyie. O
oeueiio ca’yceo ia?aae iaaeaaia?/iith iaoeith iinoathoue caaaeaiiy
cina?aaeaeaiino? ia ?ica’ycaii? i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy anoaoe/ii? oa
ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e iieiae?, ?icaeoeo oai?/iai oa ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai
iioaioe?aeo iniaenoino?, caaacia/aiiy aenieiye?nii? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee.

Niaoeeo?ea iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? o/eoaey ioceee aeiaaa? aieiae?iiy
aaaaoueia i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie, oi?iiyie oa iaae/eaie. Iaeiei ?c
eeth/iaeo oi?iue ? caeaoi?noue aei ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?. O i?aeoe/i?e ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oai??a ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa ciaoiaeeoue na?e aeya o
?ino?oiaioaeueiiio, aieaeueiiio, oi?iaiio aeeiiaanoa?, aee?eaoaaii?,
aa?aaeueiiio oeoia/aii? oiui.

Oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia ? a?iaeaeaiith ye?noth ethaeeie. A
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/ee iioaioe?ae nooaeaio?a oi?io?oueny
e ?icaeaa?oueny a aaciina?aaei?e aeoeai?e ioce/i?e ae?yeueiino? caaaeyee
oe?eani?yiiaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio aieeaia?.

No/aniith ioce/iith iaaeaaia?eith iaeiie/aii aaaaoi iaoeiaeo ciaiue, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei /e iiina?aaeeiaaii noinothoueny ieoaiue ?icaeoeo
ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo nooaeaio?a (A.Aaaeoee?i, I.Ai?aen?ia,
E.A?/aaei?eiaa, A.Aooaiei, ?.A?ei/oe, E.Eiaaeue, I.Ieaenthe, A.Iaaeaeea,
I.?inoianueeee, I.?oaeieoeueea, A.Oeei?i, I.Uieieiaa oa ?i.).

Nooo?aei aianeii a ?icaeoie iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc?
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a noaee aeine?aeaeaiiy a
ineoieia?? (E.Ai/ea?ueia, E.Aeaionueeee, I.Aaeueia??i, I.Einothe,
?.Iacaee?inueeee, N.?oa?iooaei, I.Oaeec?ia, A.Oaieia oa ?i.),
aeeaeaeoeee aeui? oa na?aaeiuei? oeiee (I.Aaaeoee?ia, A.Aeaenthe,
N.A?oaiaaeuenueeee, N.Aii/a?aiei oa ?i.), oai??? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
(?.Aiae?ia, ?.Ao?aiei, A.Ae?aaiaaoeue, I.Ei?eoaeiaa, TH.Ei/iaa,
?.Eoci?oeiaa, A.Iineaeaiei, N.?aiiiii?o, A.Oa?a?aa, N.Oaioiyinueea oa
?i), ioceeiciaanoa? (A.Anao»?a, A.Aia?ianueeee, A.Iaaeooaanueeee,
?.Iacaee?inueeee, A.Nioi? oa ?i.), oai??? ioce/iiai aeeiiaanoaa
(O.Aocii?, I.Aeaaeaeia, A.Eiaai, E.Ia?o?inai, A.Iaeaaoc, N.Oaeiaa?a oa
?i.).

Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/iee iaoeiaee aei?iaie no/anieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a
aeaeaea a?ae inoaoi/iiai ae??oaiiy. Cie?aia, aeiaaathoue a?eueo
aeeaieiai aea/aiiy caeiiii??iino? oa iaoai?cie ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe??; no?oeoo?a, ianya oa ci?no ciaiue, iaiao?aeieo aeey
i?iaeoeoeaiiai i?io?eaiiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieo i?ioean?a; ia aeae?eai?
niaoe?aeuei? oi?iiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?; ia aeinoaoiuei
aea/ai? iiaeeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

*eneaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo aniaeo?a oe??? i?iaeaie ia aeathoue
caaa?oaii?, eia?/ii iaa?oioiaaii? ea?oeie oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ye oe?e?niiai i?ioeano. sse iane?aeie, oe?e?nia
eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a a
no/ani?e ioce/i?e iaaeaaia?oe? iiee ui ia neeaeany.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ?? iaaeinoaoi? ?ice?eooy o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??,
a oaeiae iio?aaa iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe o aaeineiiaeaii?
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a, aecia/eee oaio
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy “Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe”. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? aoiaeeoue aei ieaio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.Aiaiey ? aeeiioaaeanue ia eaoaae?? ioce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueea i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a a i?ioean? ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
i?aeaioiaee.

Iaoa ?iaioe – ?ic?iaeoe, oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??eoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a a i?ioean?
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oiooaaeanue ia i?eiouaii?, ui aoaeoeai?noue
oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? c?inoaoeia ca oiia
caaacia/aiiy nooaeaio?a ooaeiaeiuei oa aeeaeaeoe/ii aeioe?eueieie
ciaiiyie uiaei ?ico/oaaieo oai??a; oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy
ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino?, iiaoaeiaaieo
ia iniia? eia?ee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano; iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy
oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o iai?yieo a?ae
aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioiaaiiai oeoia/aiiy aei ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— ?ice?eoe nooi?noue, caeiiii??iino?, iaoai?cie
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano;

— aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o
nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a a i?ioean? ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
i?aeaioiaee;

— aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e oa e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??;

— iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oa iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee o?einionuee? iieiaeaiiy
i?i nooi?noue ienoaoeoaa ye niaoeeo?/ii? oi?ie noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?;
aeniiaee caaaeueii? ineoieia?? oa ineoieia?? ienoaoeoaa i?i
ae?yeuei?noue ye niin?a naii?aae?caoe?? iniae; i?i aeaoa?i?iiaai?noue
?icaeoeo iniaenoino? ci?noii ? niiniaii ae?yeueiino?.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy caaaeueii?
ineoieia?? i?i aca?iicaeaaeiee ?icaeoie ineo?ee, na?aeiiino? oa
ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino? (E.Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, I.Aniieia,
E.Aeaionueeee, I.Eaaai, I.Eaiio”?a, I.?oa?iooaei, A.Oaieia), iaoeia?
i?aoe? c anoaoeee oa ineoieia?? ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? (E.Ai/ea?ueia,
I.Einothe, A.Eoe, E.Noieiae/), oai??y iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy ?icoiiaeo
ae?e (I.Aaeueia??i, I.Oaeec?ia), oai??y ?ioiiaoe?eii-ae?aiaoo?a?/ii?
i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ieo oai??a (A.Anao’?a, ?.Iacaee?inueeee), eiioeaioe?y
iiaea?eiino? ioce/ii? oi?ie (A.Iaaeooaanueeee), iaoeia? ?ic?iaee c
oai??? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? (?.Aiae?ia, ?.Ao?aiei, A.Ae?aaiaaoeue,
I.Ei?eoaeiaa, TH.Ei/iaa, ?.Eoci?oeiaa, A.Iineaeaiei, N.?aiiiii?o,
A.Oa?a?aa, N.Oaioiyinueea), oai??? ioce/iiai aeeiiaanoaa (O.Aocii?,
E.Aioiai, I.Aeaaeaeia, A.Eiaai, E.Ia?o?inai, A.Iaeaaoc, N.Oaeiaa?a);
oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee o/eoaey ioceee
(E.A?/aaei?eiaa); no/ani? iaaeaaia?/i? eiioeaioe??
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo (?.Cycthi, I.Ieaenthe, A.Iaaeaeea,
I.Uieieiaa), oi?ioaaiiy ioce/iiai ni?eeiaiiy o aeu?e (I.?oaeieoeueea) oa
na?aaei?e (I.?inoianueeee) oeie?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:

oai?aoe/i?: aiae?c ? neioac, aano?aaoaaiiy e ?aeaae?caoe?y,
iiaeaethaaiiy ? eiie?aoecaoe?y oai?aoe/iiai ciaiiy;

aii??e/i?: niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, oanooaaiiy, iieooaaiiy, aan?aee,
oai?/? caaaeaiiy, aiae?c iaa/aeueii? aeieoiaioaoe??, iaaeaaia?/iee
aenia?eiaio (eiinoaooth/ee, oi?ioth/ee), iaoiaee e?euee?nii? oa ye?nii?
ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

I?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeinue o o?e
aoaie:

Ia?oee aoai (1986 – 1988 ??.) aecia/aany aea/aiiyi iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, niinoa?aaeaiiyi ca
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeith ae?yeuei?noth nooaeaio?a a oiiaao ?aaeueiiai
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano oa iaaeaaia?/iith ae?yeuei?noth i?ae /an
iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee a oeie?. Aoee c’yniaai? aeo?aei? iaoiaeieia?/i?
iiceoe??, aeae?eaii i?iaeaio oa iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy; aecia/aii iaoo, caaea/? oa iniiai? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy; i?iaiae?ciaaii noai ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a; c’yniaai? i?e/eie oneeaaeiaiue o
i?aeoe/i?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

Ae?oaee aoai (1989 – 1996 ??.) oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iaa?oiooaaiiyi
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oa iaoiaeo oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee.
?ic?iaeaii niiniae oa iaoiaeeeo ae?aaiinoeee noi?iiaaiino? aecia/aiiai
oi?iiy, aeae?eaii ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
o nooaeaio?a, i?iaaaeaii eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (1996 – 1998 ??.) cae?enithaaany ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a eiinoaooth/iai oa oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaio?a, ?o
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa oeoia/aiiy. I?iaiaeeeanue ai?iaaoe?y iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o
i?aeoeeo iaa/aiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaoaaee ioce/iee oaeoeueoao
I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.Aiaiey oa
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iee oaeoeueoao Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Aei aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aoei caeo/aii 241 nooaeaio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a: aia?oa aeae?eaii
iiiia?aoe?eiee aeai?eoi ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui
aea? iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??; oaeineiiaeaii nenoaio
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ae?aaiinoeee noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioceee, ui ioiieth? ia?aiao?e, e?eoa???, iieacieee ??ai?a
oa iaoiaeeeo ae?aaiinooaaiiy; ae?noaea iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo i?iaeaia
noai?aiiy aoaeoeaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oa iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny ?ic?iaeith iiaiai
i?aeoiaeo aei ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a, iniiao yeiai
noaiiaeoue oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i ia?aaaao oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oa iaaeaaia?/ii
ea?iaaiiai i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaae
niiioaiii-oai?/ei eiai ?icaeoeii o oiae? iaeiie/aiiy nooaeaioaie
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai aeina?aeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
?ice?eoo? i?aeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae oe?eani?yiiaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy caeaoiino? aei
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a oiiaao aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ina?oe; ?ic?iaoe? i?aeoe/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aianoe iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaai? ei?aeoeae aei ?nioth/eo iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo aeenoeeie?i /e a?aooaaoe i?e noai?aii? iiaeo,
i?aeaeueoe iaaeaaia?/io aoaeoeai?noue iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano a nenoai?
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a. Oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaee/i?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue iaoe i?aeoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy a eo?nao «Oai??y oa ?noi??y ioce/ii? iaaeaaia?ee” oa
«Iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioo» o ioce/ieo iaaeaaia?/ieo
caeeaaeao aeui? ina?oe, ?inoeoooao i?neyaeeieiiii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a
ioceee caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e, a oaeiae o iaoeia?e ?ic?iaoe? ieoaiue
caaaeueii? oa ioce/ii? iaaeaaia?ee. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy eyaee a
iniiao niaoeeo?no «Oai?aoe/i? iniiae ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
ioce/ieo oai??a o aeeiiaii?», ui ai?iaaaeaeaiee o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
ioce/iiai oaeoeueoaoo IAeIO ?iai? I.Aiaiey.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

1. Iieiaeaiiy i?i ia?aaaao oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oa iaaeaaia?/ii ea?iaaiiai
i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaae
niiioaiii-oai?/ei eiai ?icaeoeii o oiae? iaeiie/aiiy nooaeaioaie
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai aeina?aeo.

2. Ia?aiao?e oa e?eoa??? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ae?aaiinoeee noi?iiaaiino?
oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioceee.

3. Iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oa iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a iaea?aeaii? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a
iaa?oiooaaii? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aai?caoe?? oa
i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, caaacia/aii? iaoiaee/ieie
iaoa??aeaie aeeeaaea/?a oa nooaeaio?a.

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a caaacia/o?oueny
iaoiaeieia?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??,
aeaoaeueiei aiae?cii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c iaaeaaia?ee, ineoieia??
oa iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oeeeeo ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo aeenoeeie?i,
canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a, ia’?eoeai?noth
e?eoa???a, iaoaiaoe/iith ia?iaeith ?acoeueoao?a ia iniia? yeeo aoei
anaa?/ii i?iaiae?ciaaii iaa/aeueio ae?yeuei?noue.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny o oiae?
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe o I?aeeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.Aiaiey (aeia?aeea ? 03 a?ae 21
aeiaoiy 1998?.) oa Ee?anueeiio Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (aeia?aeea ? 07 a?ae 19 aeiaoiy
1998).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oieueeei? oa i?ioan?eia
ienoaoeoai” (i. I?aeei, 1992), i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo (i. I?aeei, 1993, 1994; i. Iae?oiiieue, 1994), iaeani?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? (i. I?aeei, 1995), aioo??aoc?anueeeo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao, iioae?eiaai? a ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo aeo?iaeao.

Iaoa??aee ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy eyaee a iniiao iaienaiiy
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e “Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oai??a ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa o nooaeaio?a
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo ?inoeooo?a” (I?aeei,
1992).

Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo
?ic?iaeaiee ? /eoa?oueny nooaeaioai niaoeeo?n “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??”.

Ioae?eaoe??: Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??
ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 7 aaoi?nueeeo ioae?eaoe?yo: o?ueio noaoae
o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, iaei?e noaoo? o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo noaoae, aeaio
ioae?eaoe?yo o ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e, a iaei?e iaoiaee/i?e ?ic?iaoe?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a aei ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae (214 iaeiaioaaiue, c ieo 8 ?iicaiiith iiaith), 8 aeiaeaoe?a.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 180 noi??iie. Iniiaiiai oaenoo 147
noi??iie. O ?iaio? iaaaaeaii 13 oaaeeoeue, 3 noaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/ai? ia’?eo, i?aaeiao,
iaoa, a?iioaca oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoiaeieia?/i? oa
oai?aoe/i? iniiae, ?ice?eoi iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?th ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaii iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, aeacaii oai?aoe/ia
oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, a?aeia?aaeaii iniaenoee aianie, a??ia?aei?noue,
ai?iaaoe?th oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoao?a o aoc?anueeo
i?aeoeeo.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a oai???
oa i?aeoeoe? iaa/aiiy” i?enay/aiee aea/aiith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c
i?iaeaie ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??; aeyaeaiith nooiino?, no?oeoo?e,
iaoai?ci?a, caeiiii??iinoae ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. O
iueiio ?icaeyaeathoueny ci?no oa iniaeeaino? oaeeo eeth/iaeo iiiyoue ye
“?ioa?i?aoaoe?y”, “ooaeiaeiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y”, “ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueea
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y”; i?aaeiao ooaeiaeiueiai oeoia/aiiy; ooaeiaeiy
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ye aeae ae?yeueiino?; ?ice?eaathoueny i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a nenoai? ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
i?aeaioiaee; ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? ia?aiao?e, e?eoa??? oa ??ai?
noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? eiiieaenii? nenoaie
ae?aaiinoeee; cae?enith?oueny aiae?c nooiaiy noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe.

?icaeoie oai?/i? iniaenoino? ioceeaioa aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaiee ?c
caeaoi?noth aei ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. A ooaeiaei?e
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ? /a?ac ooaeiaeith ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th oi?io?oueny,
?icaeaa?oueny e ?aae?co?oueny ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/ee iioaioe?ae
iniaenoino?, ioceeaioa, a/eoaey.

Ooaeiaeiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ? ?acoeueoaoii neeaaeieo i?ioean?a, ye?
noaiiaeyoue nenoaio aca?iiae?th/eo aeaiaio?a ?c niaoeeo?/ieie
ooieoe?yie, aeanoeainoyie, no?oeoo?ith oa ci?noii. ?o aea/aiiy caeaoia
aena?oeeoe niaoeeo?eo oeueiai i?ioeano, iieacaoe iia? iiaeeeaino? o
oi?ioaaii? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a, ?icaeyaeath/e i?ioeanoaeueio
noi?iio ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, noeeuei? aaaaeaoe, ui aiia ioiieth?
aea? i?aeno?oeoo?e — oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a
na?aeiiino? ?ioa?i?aoaoi?a oa iaoa??aeueii-caoeiao ?aae?caoe?th
?aeaaeueiiai oyaeaiiy o aeeiiaii?.

Ci?no ia?oi? i?aenenoaie iieyaa? o noai?aii? aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio, ui
aaco?oueny ia inai?ii? i?iaeoeoo ia?aeiii? ooaeiaeiuei? ae?yeueiino?, a
ae?oai? — a eiai ?aae?caoe??, ui noaiiaeoue niaith noeoii?noue
niaoeeo?/ieo iia?aoe?e, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia ia’?eoeaaoe?th aeeiiaanueeiai
caaeoio, ia?aaaaeii o?ce/ieo ae?e ?ioa?i?aoaoi?a.

No?oeoo?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino? ye
iaeiiai ?c aeae?a ooaeiaeiuei? ae?yeueiino? aeeth/a? aeaa oa?aeoa?ieo
aeey ooaeiaeiuei? ae?yeueiino? aeaiaioe — aeooiaiee (oi?ioaaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?aea?) oa i?aeoe/iee (?aae?caoe?y, iaoa??ae?ciaaia
ao?eaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?aea? o aeeiiaii?). Oea ??ciiiai?aaeai?,
??ciiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeaee ae?yeueiino? — ae?yeuei?noue, ui ni?yiiaaia
ia inyaiaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino? ioce/ieo oai??a, oa
ae?yeuei?noue, ui ni?yiiaaia ia iaoa??aeueii-caoeiaa ao?eaiiy
?acoeueoaoo inyaiaiiy. ?acoeueoaoii inyaiaiiy aoaea ?icoi?iiy ioce/iiai
oai?o oa noai?aiiy ?aeaaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo c iioaioe?eiith iiaeeea?noth
eiai ia’?eoeaaoe?? a iaoa??ae?ciaai?e oi?i?. ?acoeueoaoii ao?eaiiy aoaea
ia’?eoeaiaaia, eiioi?eaoeaia oi?ia ?aeaaeueiiai ooaeiaeiueiai i?iaeoeoo.

Oea aea? i?aenoaae ?icaeyaeaoe ooaeiaeith ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th o aeeiiaanoa?
ye ?acoeueoao inyaiaiiy i?aaeiaoo oeoia/aiiy, ui ?aae?ciaaiee
niaoeeo?/ieie aeeiiaanueeeie caniaaie ae?aciino?.

A ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo (E.Aeaionueeee, I.Aaeueia??i,
I.Oaeec?ia) aeaco?oueny, ui aeey oi?ioaaiiy iaaiiai niiniao ae?yeueiino?
iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe no?oeoo?o ae?e, ye? a nai?e noeoiiino? noaiiaeyoue
ci?noiaio oa iia?aoe?eio nooi?noue oaei? ae?yeueiino? oa caaacia/othoue
a?eueia i?io?eaiiy i?ioeano.

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iia?aoe?eiiai neeaaeo oa ci?noo ae?e iio??aai aiae?c
i?aaeiao?a (iaoa??aeueieo oa ?aeaaeueieo), c yeeie aiie iia’ycai?, a
oaeiae aeina?aeo ethaeae (iaoa??aeueiiai oa ?aeaaeueiiai), ui ieie
aieiae?thoue (I.Oaeec?ia).

I?aaeiaoii ni?yioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? inyaiaiiy a
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiio i?ioean? aenooia? ioce/iee oa?? ye
ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaa i?aai?caoe?y, aeaiaioe yei? a i?ioean? inyaiaiiy
iiaeii? aooe ?ici?ciai? ye ooaeiaeiuei cia/ei? oa inieneai? a ooaeiaei?e
oe?e?niino? oai?o. A?aeiia?aeii, iniiaieie ae?yie inyaiaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino? ioce/ieo oai??a ? ae?y ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei cia/eieo nieneiaeo aeaiaio?a oa ae?y ?o inieneaiiy a
ooaeiaei?e oe?e?niino? oai?o. Ae?y ?ici?ciaaaiiy a i?ioean? inyaiaiiy
ioce/iiai oai?o iieyaa? o aeae?eaii? ca iaaieie iciaeaie
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioi?iaoeaieo aeaiaio?a oa ii??aiyiith ?o c aoaeiiieie
cia/aiiyie, ui caa??aathoueny a aeiaaino?ieia?e iai’yo?, aeooae?caoe??
?o ia?aeiieo ocaaaeueiaieo cia/aiue. Ae?y inieneaiiy a i?ioean?
inyaiaiiy ioce/iiai oai?o iieyaa? a eiie?aoecaoe?? ocaaaeueiaieo
cia/aiue ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaeo aeaiaio?a a eiioaeno? ooaeiaeiuei?
oe?e?niino? ioce/iiai oai?o. ?aae?cothoueny ae?? a oiae?
ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaiai aiae?co ia naini?iiio, aiioe?eiiio oa eia?/iiio
??aiyo.

Iniiaieie ae?yie aeeiiaiiy a no?oeoo?? oe?e?niiai
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ? aea?? ooaeiaeiuei aeioe?eueieo
cania?a aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino?; iiooe niinia?a oaoi?/ii aeineiiaeiai
ao?eaiiy; eiio?ieue ca a?aeiia?aei?noth cania?a aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino?
ooaeiaei?e aeioe?eueiino? oa nooiaiai aeineiiaeino? ao?eaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ie aeoiaeeii c oiai, ui: ii-ia?oa,
ooaeiaeiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ? ?acoeueoaoii neeaaeii? ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?
e ?aae?co?oueny a ?aeiino? aiioe?eiiai e eia?/iiai; ii-ae?oaa, ooaeiaeiy
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oi?io?oueny a i?ioean? inyaiaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o, ?
?acoeueoaoii eiai ?icoi?iiy; ii-o?ao?, iniiaieie ae?yie, ui noaiiaeyoue
ci?no ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, ? ae?? ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaeo aeaiaio?a oai?o oa ?o inieneaiiy; ii-/aoaa?oa,
?aae?cothoueny ae?? a oiae? ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaiai aiae?co ye iniiaiiai
niiniao inyaiaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino? ioce/ieo oai??a ia
aeae?eueeio ??aiyo (eiie?aoii-/ooo?aiio, aiioe?eii-ia?aciiio,
ia?acii-ae?aiaoo?a?/iiio); ii-i’yoa, iaoa??aeueii-caoeiao ?aae?caoe?th
ooaeiaeiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ciaoiaeeoue o aeeiiaii?.

A ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oi?iiy iae/ano?oa
?icaeyaea?oueny ye canai?iee noa’?eoii niin?a aeeiiaiiy ae?e, ui
caaacia/o? caeaoi?noue ?o aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei
iinoaaeaii? iaoe oa oiia. Aacothoueny oi?iiy ia iayaieo ciaiiyo oa
iaae/eao. sse?noue oi?iiy aecia/a?oueny oa?aeoa?ii oa ci?noii ciaiue. ?c
iaae/eaie oi?iiy ca’ycai? nooiaiai canai?iino? oa aaoiiaoeciaaiino?
ae?e, i??ith na?aeiiiai eiio?ieth ca ?o aeeiiaiiyi (A.Aeaenthe,
?.I??eaeueyi, A.Uoe?ia).

I?ae oi?iiyi ie ?icoi??ii caeaoi?noue aei iaaii? ae?yeueiino?, ui
aecia/a?oueny ianyaii oa ci?noii iaaooeo ciaiue, noi?iiaai?noth
a?aeiia?aeieo iaae/ie oa caeaoi?noth ?o canoinoaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeiino?
aei iaoe ae?yeueiino?.

Oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ca nai?th nooi?noth ia
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae aoaeue-yeeo ?ioeo oi?iue. Oea oi?iiy noaiiaeoue
niaith i?ioean ? ?acoeueoao neeaaeii? ae?yeueiino?, ia ? a?iaeaeaiith
ye?noth ?, ye iieacothoue aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?aeoeea iaa/aiiy,
iiina?aaeeiaaii oi?io?oueny iaaecae/aeii iia?eueii, c iaia?aaeaa/oaaieie
?acoeueoaoaie aai ae cian?i ia oi?io?oueny.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy nooiaiy noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
o nooaeaio?a, eiio?ieth ca ia?aa?aii aenia?eiaioo, aecia/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeeee, a oaeiae iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oa ?ic?iaee
oeyo?a oa iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai oi?iiy iaie aeae?eai? caniae oa
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ae?aaiinoeee.

Neeaaei?noue ae?aaiinoeee ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui
ioce/iee oa?? ye i?aaeiao ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iaiaeiicia/i?noth ooaeiaeiueiai nieneo e i?aeoe/ii aaciaaeiith
aa??aioi?noth i?aaii??ieo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e (A.Anao`?a, ?.Ao?aiei,
I.Aeaaeaeia, E.?aoiiia, I.Ei?eoaeiaa, A.Iineaeaiei, ?.Iacaee?inueeee,
N.?aiiiii?o, N.Oaeiaa?a oa ?i.).

O eiioaeno? iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?aaiinoeeo ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ie ?icaeyaea?ii ye ae?aaiinoeeo caeaoiino? aei
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. A oea icia/a?, ui ia?aiao?e
ae?aaiinoeee, e?eoa??? oa iieacieee ??ai?a ci???ioiaai? ia
ae?aaiinooaaiiy ye i?ioeano ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, oae ? ??
?acoeueoaoo. A?aeoae i?aaeiaoii ae?aaiinoeee aenooia? aanue eiiieaen
nooi?nieo yeinoae, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ye i?ioean, oae ? ?acoeueoao
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, a iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie
ae?aaiinoeee aenooiathoue ye?ni? iieacieee noi?iiaaiino? niiniao
ae?yeueiino? (iia?aoe?ei? ia?aiao?e) oa ye?ni? iieacieee i?iaeoeoo oe???
ae?yeueiino? (?ioa?i?aoaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e).

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy nooiaiy noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ca ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie aecia/aii e?eoa???
ae?aaiinoeee: ooaeiaeiy aeinoia??i?noue, i?ea?iaeuei?noue, aeeiiaanueea
iaenoa?i?noue.

E?eoa??e ooaeiaeiuei? aeinoia??iino?. I?aaii??i?noue aeei?enoaiiy
iiiyooy ooaeiaeiuei? aeinoia??iino? ye iaeiiai ?c e?eoa???a oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? coiiaeaia oei, ui ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y
aoaeue-yeiai oai?o ? aa??aioiith iiiaeeii?noth ? iaoiiaeaia ?noi?e/ii.
Aiia ?icaeaa?oueny e ?nio? ye “?aeaaeueia”, “aoaeiiia” eeoa a
noni?eueiiio oyaeaii?. A?aeiia?aei?noue, a oi/i?oa iaaeeaeai?noue aei
oaei? “?aeaaeueii?” ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? nueiaiaeaiiy ? iiaeia aaaaeaoe
?noeiiith /e oaeith, ui ia aeeeeea? noii?a?a, a ioaea – ooaeiaeiuei
aeinoia??iith. A?aeoae, ooaeiaeiuei aeinoia??iith iiaeia aaaaeaoe
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th, yea aaeaeaaoia no/aniiio oyaeaiith i?i ?aeaaeueio
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th. A ine?eueee, aoaeue-yea ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y — oea eeoa iaeei
?c iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a, oi ooaeiaeiuei-aeinoia??iith iiaeia aaaaeaoe
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao i?aaii??iiai iiey no/aniiai
oyaeaiiy i?i ?aeaaeueio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th.

E?eoa??e i?ea?iaeueiino?. O eiioaeno? iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy e?eoa??e
i?ea?iaeueiino? ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeya oai?/iai, iniaeno?niiai
noaaeaiiy aei oai?o, ui ?aae?co?oueny o aeeiiaii?. A oai???
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeeiiaanueea ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aoi?eiia
oai?/?noue, a oai?/?noue, ye a?aeiii, ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy
i?ea?iaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo. Aac aeyao ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai, iniaeno?niiai,
i?ea?iaeueiiai, aeeiiaiiy aoaea aai iaaeeoo?caeaoiei, i?ei?oeaiei
a?aeoai?aiiyi oaenoo, aai ae ni?iuaiith eii??th aaea ?nioth/i?
?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

E?eoa??e aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?. Aeey ia’?eoeaaoe?? aeeiiaanueeiai
caaeoio oai?o iaiao?aeia eiai iaoa??ae?ciaaia ao?eaiiy, yeei ?
aeeiiaiiy. Aac oeueiai ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y caeeoa?oueny a na?aeiiino?
aeeiiaaoey eeoa ye ?aeaaeueia oyaeaiiy c iioaioe?eiith iiaeeea?noth
ao?eaiiy. Iaoa??aeueii-caoeiaa ao?eaiiy a no?oeoo?? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano aeiaaa? a?ae aeeiiaaoey aieiae?iiy iaaieie caniaaie
aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino?, niaoe?aeueieie i?eeiiaie, oaoi?/iith
aeineiiae?noth ao?eaiiy.

Aeey ae?aaiinoeee noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ca
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie aaaeeeaei ? anoaiiaeaiiy ??ai?a. Aiie
aecia/athoueny nooiaiai (aeeaeiith) i?iieeiaiiy a ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaio
nooi?noue ioce/iiai oai?o ?ioa?i?aoaoi?ii.

Aiae?c ioce/ii-oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (?.Iacaee?inueeee,
A.Iaaeooaanueeee, ?.?o/”?anueea) aea? i?aenoaae aeae?eeoe o?e iniiai?
??ai? ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??: eiie?aoii-/ooo?aee,
aiioe?eii-ia?aciee, ia?acii-ae?aiaoo?a?/iee.

O aeeiiaii? eiie?aoii-/ooo?aee ??aaiue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?aeaeuaiith
iicaioce/iith aiioe?ei?noth. Caniae ae?aciino? aeei?enoiaothoueny
caeaa?eueoiai oi?iaeueii, aeeiiaiiy o?aaiaioa?ia, iaia?aeiieeaa, c
oa?aeoa?iith aiioe?eiith niiioaii?noth, ia?aciith iaaecia/ai?noth,
a?aenooi?noth oe?e?niino?.

Aiioe?eii-ia?aciee ??aaiue ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ia?ainieneaiiyi ie?aieo “/ooo?aeo ?aaeoe?e”, “a?ae/ooo?a”,
“niaoeeo?/ieo oa ianiaoeeo?/ieo anioe?aoe?e” oa noai?aiiyi yne?aai?
ia?aciino?. Ie?ai? i?aaeiaoii-anioe?aoeai? ca’ycee ia oeueiio ??ai?
neioacothoueny a ia?aci? oyaeaiiy. Iaeiae aeeiiaiith a?aeo? eia?ee
?icai?oaiiy ci?noiaieo i?ioean?a, ooaeiaeiuei? caaa?oaiino? oa
oe?e?niino?.

Ia?acii-ae?aiaoo?a?/iee ??aaiue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ae?aiaoo?a?/iith
aeaaaeai?noth, eia?/i?noth, yne?aaith ia?aci?noth, iaeiicia/iith
aecia/ai?noth aeeiiaanueei? eiioeaioe?? oai?o.

Ae?aaiinoeea noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei-aeeiiaanueei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ca iia?aoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie cae?enithaaeanue ca
iieacieeaie ona?aeiieaiino?, ocaaaeueiaiino? oa naiino?eiino?.

Ona?aeiieai?noue ? ye?niith oa?aeoa?enoeeith noi?iiaaiino? niiniao
ae?yeueiino?, ui aeaco? ia nooi?iue eiai (niiniao ae?yeueiino?)
canai?iino? oa iiaeeea?noue ia o?eueee io?eiaoe aenieee ?acoeueoao
(iiaeeeai aeiaaeeiaee, /e a iaiaaeaieo oiiaao), aea e ia aieiae?iiy
niiniaaie eiai io?eiaiiy. Ona?aeiieai?noue – oea eiee ethaeeia iiaea
nia? aeaoe a?aeiia?aeue ia ieoaiiy i?i oa, ui e /iio aiia oae ?iaeoue
(I. Aaeueia??i).

Ocaaaeueiai?noue aeaco? ia caeaoi?noue aei aeyaeaiiy nooo?aeo yeinoae
i?aaeiao?a iii?ae ?ioeo ianooo?aeo, ui ia i?aeoeoe? caaacia/o?
iia?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy (I.Oaeec?ia). Aeey oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oea icia/a? caeaoi?noue aei ia?aianaiiy noi?iiaaieo
oi?iue ia oai?e ??cieo aeai??a, noee?a, iai?yie?a o ienoaoeoa? oiui.

E?eoa??e naiino?eiino? ia’?aeio? a nia? iiia?aaei? e aeaco? ia
caeaoi?noue aei naiino?eii? ona?aeiieaii? ae?yeueiino? c aenieei ??aiai
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a oiiaao, ui ci?iththoueny.

A yeino? aeiaeaoeiaiai ia?aiao?o noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoaii neiaania (aa?aae?ciaaia)
oeoia/aiiy. Aa?aae?caoe?y aea? iiaeeea?noue i?ine?aeeoaaoe o?ae
aioo??oi?o i?ioean?a, ye? i?eoiaai? i?e aeeiiaanuee?e ?ioa?i?aoaoe??,
aecia/eoe no?oeoo?o oa nooi?iue noi?iiaaiino? ie?aieo ae?e. Aeey ioe?iee
aa?aae?ciaaiiai oeoia/aiiy ca aiaeia??th ?c ioe?ieith
ooaeiaeiuei-aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaie aeae?eai? ia?aiao?e
(?ioa?i?aoaoe?ei?, iia?aoe?ei?), e?eoa??? (a?aoiaioiaai?noue,
i?ea?iaeuei?noue, ae?aci?noue iiaeaiiy) oa i???ioiai? iciaee, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiaeai ?c ??ai?a.

Niin?a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ae?aaiinoeee aea? iiaeeea?noue ia’?eoeaii
ioe?ieoe nooi?iue noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o
nooaeaio?a, i?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo eiai c?inoaiiy, i?iaiicoaaoe
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaa/aiiy, ni?ey? ?ic?iaoe? oeyo?a, oiia oa iaoiae?a
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a.

Caaaeyee ?ic?iaeaiei e?eoa??yi oa iieacieeai ??ai?a aoei anoaiiaeaii
nooi?iue noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a.
Eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio iieacaa, ui ??aaiue aioiaiino? nooaeaio?a aei
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ye ca ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieie oae
? ca iia?aoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie ? iaaenieei. Oea iaoiiaeaii, ia?o ca ana
oei, ui aoaeo/e eeth/iaei, oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a nenoai?
ioce/ii? i?aeaioiaee oi?io?oueny iiina?aaeeiaaii iia?aeii a i?ioean?
aea/aiiy ioce/ieo oai??a. A oiio ci?no ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia? aecia/aoenue caaaeaiiyi
niaoe?aeueiiai e na?aeiiiai canai?iiy nooaeaioaie niinia?a
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia a?aei?io a?ae
o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo, aea oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
oi?io?oueny iiina?aaeeiaaii-iia?aeii a oiae? iaeiie/aiiy nooaeaioaie
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai aeina?aeo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa c oi?ioaaiiy
oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a”
iaa?oioiaaii iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oa iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee, ?ice?eoi ci?no oa
iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai oi?iiy, i?iaiae?ciaaii aeeiai?eo ??ai?a
noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeine?aeaeaiue ?c icia/aii? i?iaeaie, ae?aaiinoeea
noi?iiaaiino? oeueiai oi?iiy a oiae? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo oa
iaaeaaia?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaae i?eionoeoe, ui ii-ia?oa,
a nenoai? ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia? noaoe
oe?eani?yiiaaiei ? iaaeaaia?/ii ea?iaaiei i?ioeanii ia a?aei?io a?ae
niiioaiii-oai?/iai eiai ?icaeoeo a oiae? iaeiie/aiiy nooaeaioaie
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai aeina?aeo, ui o?aaeeoe?eii neeaany a i?aeoeoe?
iaa/aiiy; ii-ae?oaa, ?ioaineai?noue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a caaacia/o?oueny ca oiia:

a/ caaacia/aiiy nooaeaio?a ooaeiaeiuei oa aeeaeaeoe/ii aeioe?eueieie
ciaiiyie uiaei ?ico/oaaieo oai??a;

a/ oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino?, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? eia?ee
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano;

a/ iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o iai?yieo
a?ae aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioiaaiiai oeoia/aiiy aei ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Aoaeue-yea i?aeoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue a?oioo?oueny ia aieiae?ii? noa’?eoii
eiiieaenii iaaieo ciaiue. Ciaiiy ?ice?eaathoue i?aaeiao ni?yioaaiiy
i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? a oe?e?niino? oa ?aeiino? on?o eiai noi??i
(neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a, ca’yce?a, i?ioean?a, yeinoae, caeiiii??iinoae
oiui), aenooiathoue ia?oiiniiaith oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aeoe/ieo ae?e, oi?iue oa iaae/ie. Oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
ia ? aeeeth/aiiyi, oiio, ye ? aoaeue-yea ?ioa oi?iiy, aaco?oueny ia
aieiae?ii? noa’?eoii nenoaiith a?aeiia?aeieo ciaiue. Aeoiaey/e ?c
oeueiai oa a?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee, iaei??th ?c
oiia i?iaeoeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?
caaacia/aiiy nooaeaio?a aeeaeaeoe/ii oa ooaeiaeiuei aeioe?eueieie
ciaiiyie uiaei ?ico/oaaieo oai??a.

Nooi?noue i?iaeaie o caaacia/aii? nooaeaio?a iaiao?aeieie ciaiiyie
iieyaa? a oiio, ui, c iaeiiai aieo, ?nio? ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue o
aieiae?ii? ??ciiiai?oieie e aaaaoia?/ieie ciaiiyie, c ?ioiai,
nai?/ani?noue caaacia/aiiy ieie nooaeaio?a.

O iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? nooaeaioe, aea/ath/e aeenoeeie?ie anoaoe/ieo,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo, ioce/ii-oai?aoe/ieo oa aeeiiaanueeeo oeeeeao,
io?eiothoue iaaiee eiiieaen ciaiue. Iaeiae eiaeia ?c aeenoeeie?i ia?
niaoeeo?/iee i?aaeiao aea/aiiy, /?oei aecia/aio iaoo, caaaeaiiy, eia?eo
oa no?oeoo?o iiaoaeiae, ni?yioaaiiy ia noa?o canoinoaaiiy. Ciaiiy, ye?
io?eiothoue nooaeaioe, ii-ia?oa, nei?eaiaai? ca ci?noii oa no?oeoo?ith
a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe oa eia?ee i?aaeiaoo aea/aiiy iaaii? aeenoeeie?ie;
ii-ae?oaa, ni?yiiaai? ia aecia/aio i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy aeenoeeie?ie
noa?o ?o canoinoaaiiy; ii-o?ao?, ciaiiy, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, ?icina?aaeaeai? ii ??cieo aeenoeeie?iao ye
ca ci?noii, oae ? a /aniaiio i?ii?aeeo.

A?aeoae, aeey oni?oiiai oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae ia? a?aeae?aoenue, nenoaiaoecoaaoenue oa
iaaeaaaoenue nooaeaioai a ii?yaeeo, aea eiai ci?no oa iine?aeiai?noue
aeeeaaeo a?aeiia?aeaoeia ci?noo ae?yeueiino?
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. Oiaoi, eaeaoueny i?i
caaacia/aiiy aeeaeaeoe/ii oa ooaeiaeiuei aeioe?eueieie ciaiiyie
nooaeaio?a a i?ioean? ?oiuei? ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
.

Ine?eueee i?aaeiaoii ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aenooia?
ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaia nooi?noue ioce/iiai oai?o, a i?aaeiaoii
ni?yioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? ? eiai ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y, oi no?oeoo?a, ianya oa
ci?no ciaiue, c iaeiiai aieo, iiaeii? ?icaeyaeaoenue ye iaiao?aei? aeey
i?iaeoeoeaiiai ia?aa?ao ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieo i?ioean?a. C
?ioiai aieo, ine?eueee eaeaoueny i?i iaa/aiiy, oi ciaiiy iiaeii? aooe
iaaeaaia?/ii aeioe?eueieie.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui i?e caaacia/aii?
nooaeaio?a ooaeiaeiuei oa iaaeaaia?/ii aeioe?eueieie ciaiiyie a i?ioean?
aea/aiiy ioce/ieo oai??a o ieo oi?io?oueny iaiao?aeiee
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeee oacao?on oa caeaoi?noue aei oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy
iaaooeo ciaiue.

Ianooiiith oiiaith iaie aecia/aii oe?eani?yiiaaia oi?ioaaiiy
ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino?, iiaoaeiaaieo
ia iniia? eia?ee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, a naia: inyaiaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino? ioce/ieo oai??a; naiino?eiiai aeai?o
ooaeiaeiuei-aeioe?eueieo cania?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino?;
a?aei?aoethaaiiy oaoi?/ii? aeineiiaeino? ao?eaiiy.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui aoaeue-yea
ae?yeuei?noue, a?oiooth/enue ia canai?iino? noa’?eoii a?aeiia?aeiiai
niiniao ae?yeueiino?, aoaea i?iaeoeoeaiith oiae?, eiee ethaeeia
iaieiae?? a?aeiia?aeieie eia?/ieie i?eeiiaie, niiniaaie ae?e, ye?
aeeth/athoue iaaio nenoaio iia?aoe?e ieneaiiy, ui aeeiiothoueny ca
iaaiei i?aaeeii. Ine?eueee ieneaiiy ia o?eueee aeyaey?oueny, aea e
oi?io?oueny a ae?yeueiino?, oi iaa/aiiy ia? aooe iiaoaeiaaia o oaeee
niin?a, uia i?eeiie, niaoeeo?/i? aeey aecia/aii? ae?yeueiino?, aoee
i?aaeiaoii niaoe?aeueiiai oi?ioaaiiy.

Ca?aeii iniiaieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano i?aaeiaoii oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy aoaeooue niiniae
ae?yeueiino? ii inyaiaiith ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino? ioce/ieo
oai??a (?ici?ciaaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaeo aeaiaio?a, aecia/aiiy ?o
ocaaaeueiaieo oa eiioaenoieo cia/aiue, aecia/aiiy ae?aiaoo?a?? ?icaeoeo
ci?noiaieo i?ioean?a) oa iaoa??aeueii-caoeiaiio ao?eaiith (aea??
ooaeiaeiuei-aeioe?eueieo cania?a aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino?, iiooe
niinia?a oaoi?/ii aeineiiaeiai ao?eaiiy, eiio?ieue ca a?aeiia?aei?noth
cania?a aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino? ooaeiaei?e aeioe?eueiino? oa
aeineiiae?noth ao?eaiiy).

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? (ci?no, no?oeoo?o)
iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o iai?yieo a?ae
aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioiaaiiai oeoia/aiiy aei ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, ui ? iaei??th c oiia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a.

Ioce/ia aeeiiaiiy oea, ia?aaeon?i, o?ainoi?iaoe?y, ia?aaaaeaiiy aeoiee
(ooaeiaeiuei? oyae, caaeoio) aeeiiaaoey a iaoa??ae?ciaaio oi?io.

O i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaeiei ?c oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy caeaoiino? aei
ooaeiaeiueiai inyaiaiiy oa aeeiiaiiy ioceee ? iiina?aaeeiaai?noue
ioce/ii-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? aa?aae?ciaaii-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiith
ae?yeuei?noth. Ia aaaeeea?noue aa?aae?caoe?? o oi?ioaaii? ieneaiiy
aeacothoue aaaaoi a/aieo (E.Aeaionueeee, I.Aaeueia??i, I.Oaeec?ia,
Ae.Ociaaeca, I.I?eoe?inueea oa ?i.). Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiaeyoue, ui aa?aae?caoe?y ? ona?aeiieaiiyi oa
eiie?aoecaoe??th, ui niiioea? ? aeyaey? ?icoi?iiy, aeoea?co? oyao,
i?iaoaeaeo? anioe?aoe??, onoaiiaeth? aiioe?ei? e eia?/i? ca’ycee ?c
iaaeieeoi?i na?oii.

Aeio?eioth/enue caaaeueii? eia?ee oi?ioaaiiy ?icoiiaeo ae?e, o ea?oaaii?
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a oa
ia?aaaaeaii? ?c aa?aae?ciaaii-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? o
aeeiiaanueei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eio, iaie aecia/aii o?e iniiai? aoaie, ui
i?aeaeathoueny o?enaoe?? oa eiio?ieth:

— canai?iiy ?icai?iooeo ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a oa ae?e
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano;

— ea?iaaia nei?i/aiiy ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a oa ae?e
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano;

— aaeaioaoe?y niiniao ae?yeueiino? ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aei oiia,
ui ci?iththoueny.

Aeey eiaeiiai ?c aeae?eaieo aoai?a oa?aeoa?ia iaaia i??a ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aa?aae?caoe?? oa aeeiiaiiy.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? nooaeaioe canaiththoue ?icai?iooee aeai?eoi
ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a oa niinia?a ae?e o ciai?oiuei ae?aaeaiiio oa
eiio?ieueiaaiiio aeaeyae? (ia?aaaaeii aa?aae?ciaaiee aoai).

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? nooaeaioe canaiththoue nei?i/aio iiaeaeue aeai?eoio
(aa?aae?caoe?y aea??eiaa ? iaae?a? oa?aeoa?o eiiaiooaaiiy).

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? – naiino?eia aeoeaia ei?enooaaiiy canai?iei
aeai?eoiii (aa?aae?caoe?y aeei?enoiao?oueny a iaaeao ei?aeoe?? oa
eiio?ieth).

Aeey iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaa/aii? aoei canoiniaaii iaoiae
iiaeaethaaiiy. Iiaeaeue aeeth/a? aeaee ae?yeueiino?, ocaaaeueiai?
i?eeiie oa no?oeoo?o ae?e, a oaeiae aeai?eoi?ciaai? caaaeaiiy. Ia?aaaaa
iiaeaethaaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui iiaeaeue caaaeaee ia? /?oeo no?oeoo?o;
iineoue ocaaaeueiaiee oa?aeoa?; a?aeaeaa? iaenooo?a?o? aeaiaioe; iiaea
aooe i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae? iai/ii? noaie, ui cia/ii iieaaoo? ??
caiai’yoiaoaaiiy; aeeeth/a? iiaeeea?noue aeia?eueiiai i?iioneo ie?aieo
ae?e oa iia?aoe?e, a i?e ea?oaaii? i?ioeanii nei?i/aiiy iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaia ye nei?i/aia iiaeaeue; neoaeeoue ocaaaeueiaiei i???ioe?ii
niiniao ae?yeueiino?.

Ocaaaeueithth/e neacaia, cacia/eii, ui ine?eueee oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia ? a?iaeaeaiith ye?noth, a a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy oeyoii
iiina?aaeeiaaii-iia?aeiiai aieeao oi?io?oueny iaaecae/aeii iia?eueii aai
ae cian?i ia oi?io?oueny, oi oea oi?iiy iiaeiii noaoe i?aaeiaoii
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy.

Aoaeoeai?noue oeueiai i?ioeano iaoiiaeaia caaacia/aiiyi nooaeaio?a
aeeaeaeoe/ii oa ooaeiaeiuei aeioe?eueieie ciaiiyie uiaei ?ico/oaaieo
oai??a; oe?eani?yiiaaiei oi?ioaaiiyi ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino?, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? eia?ee
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano; iiaoaiiei oi?ioaaiiyi oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o iai?yieo a?ae aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioiaaiiai
oeoia/aiiy aei ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? caeaaeeoue
a?ae noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oa aeei?enoaiiy
aeioe?eueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoiae?a. Ci?no iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? o
aeeiiaanuee?e i?aeaioiaoe? nooaeaio?a iineoue ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-oai?/ee
oa?aeoa? ? aaco?oueny ia aiae?c?-?ioa?i?aoaoe?? eiaeii? eiie?aoii?
ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/i? oa aeeaeaeoe/ii? neooaoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacothoue, ui aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o ioce/ii-aeeiiaanuee?e i?aeaioiaoe? ? iaoiae
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co. ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/iee
aiae?c icia/a? iaaeaaia?/io ae?yeuei?noue, ui aaco?oueny ia aiae?c? oa
?ic’yniaii? (?ice?eoo?, oeoia/aii?) nieneo i?aaeiaoa ni?yioaaiiy
ae?yeueiino?, niiniao ae?yeueiino? oa ?? ?acoeueoaoo.

O ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/iio aniaeo? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/iee aiae?c
?aae?co?oueny /a?ac aiae?c-?ioa?i?aoaoe?th ioce/ieo oai??a ye ia’?eoa
ooaeiaeiueiai oeoia/aiiy. O aeeaeaeoe/iiio – /a?ac
aiae?c-?ioa?i?aoaoe?th nenoaie ae?e, ui noaiiaeyoue ci?noiaio nooi?noue
niiniao ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Oeae iaoiae i?aai?/ii aeo?ea? ?c iniiaiiai ci?noo ooaeiaeiuei? oa
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee,
ci???ioiaaiee ia ?icaeoie ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo nooaeaio?a,
caaacia/o? oe?e?ni?noue iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

Oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio aeaa ia’?eoeaio ea?oeio aeeiai?ee ??ai?a
noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a a oiiaao
?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee. ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oa iaoiaeo oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aecia/aii ca aeiiiiiaith aei??thaaiue,
i?iaaaeaieo o eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao. Iieacieeaie
neoaeeee ye?ni? oa e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo iieacothoue, ui a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy o
nooaeaio?a aoei noi?iiaaii eiiieaen oi?iue, ye? a nai?e noeoiiino?
noaiiaeyoue iniiaiee ci?no niiniao ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai i?ioeano (Oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Neeaae oi?iue ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?

Aeae ae?yeueiino?Neeaae ocaaaeueiaieo oi?iueInyaiaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino?

Iaoa??aeueii-caoeiaa ao?eaiiy

— ?ici?ciaaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaeo aeaiaio?a;

— inieneaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaeo aeaiaio?a a eiioaenoieo cia/aiiyo oa
neioacoaaiiy ?o a ooaeiaeiuei-ia?aci? oyaeaiiy;

— ?icoi?iiy aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaieo i?ioean?a o
oai??.

— ciaoiaeaeaiiy aaeaeaaoieo ooaeiaeiueiio caaeoio cania?a aeeiiaanueei?
ae?aciino?;

— ciaoiaeaeaiiy niinia?a oaoi?/ii aeineiiaeiai ao?eaiiy.

Ii??aiyeuei? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i ye?nia c?inoaiiy noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi ca
an?ia ia?aiao?aie. ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a iieacaii o oaaeeoeyo 2, 3.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ii??aiyeueia oaaeeoey noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy

ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ca ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie

Ia?aiao?eE-noue nooaeaio?a (%)C aeeeaaea/aiNaiino?eii C
aeeeaaea/aiNaiino?eii Eiio?ieueia a?.Aenia?eiaioaeueia
a?.?ioa?i?aoaoe?ei?:

— ??ai? aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??

— ??ai? aa?aae?ciaaiiai oeoia/aiiyAen Na?Iec Aen Na? Iec Aen Na? Iec
AenNa? Iec

18,6

14,7

59,9

61,8

21,5

23,5

3,9

2,9

42,1

35,3

54

55,9

43,7

46,9

46,9

46,9

9,4

6,2

40,6

43,7

46,9

46,9

12,5

9,4

Oaaeeoey 3

Ii??aiyeueia oaaeeoey noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy

ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ca iia?aoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie

Ia?aiao?eE-noue nooaeaio?a (%)Eiio?ieueia a?oiaAenia?eiaioaeueia
a?oiaIia?aoe?ei?:

— ocaaaeueiai?noue

— ona?aeiieai?noue

— naiino?ei?noue Aenieee Na?aaei?e Iecueeee AenieeeNa?aaei?e
Iecueeee14,7

17,6

23,547

44,1

41,238,2

38,2

35,353,1

53,1

56,337,5

40,6

43,79,4

6,3

0

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee ciiao c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. Oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? – iaiao?aeia neeaaeiaa i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a, ui ciaoiaeeoue
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ??cieo aeyaao ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
(?ino?oiaioaeueiiio, aieaeueiiio, oi?iaiio aeeiiaanoa?, aee?eaoaaii?,
aa?aaeueiiio oeoia/aii? ooaeiaei?o oai??a). Noi?iiaai?noue oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? caeaoi?noue aei naiino?eiiai ?
na?aeiiiai oeoia/aiiy ioce/ieo oai??a ??cieo noee?a, aeai??a, iai?yi?a
ienoaoeoaa, a oaeiae aei iaaeaaia?/ii? ei?aeoe?? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue.

2. Oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia ? a?iaeaeaiith ye?noth ? a
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iiaeiii noaoe i?aaeiaoii oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao. Niiioaiia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a a?aeaoaa?oueny
iia?eueii, c iaia?aaeaa/oaaieie ?acoeueoaoaie aai ae cian?i ia
oi?io?oueny.

3. O nenoai? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a iaeni?eyoeea?oeie aeey
oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ? oeeee aeeiiaanueeeo
aeenoeeie?i, ye? i?noyoue a nia? ia’?eoeai? iiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe??
ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo iniaenoino?.

4. Ci?no ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ia? aecia/aoenue
caaaeaiiyi niaoe?aeueiiai e na?aeiiiai canai?iiy nooaeaioaie niinia?a
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia a?aei?io a?ae
o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo, aea oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
oi?io?oueny iiina?aaeeiaaii-iia?aeii a oiae? iaeiie/aiiy nooaeaioaie
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai aeina?aeo. Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia? iin?aeaoe i??i?eoaoia i?noea a nenoai?
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ioceee.

5. Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a aoaeoeaia ca oaeeo oiia:

— caaacia/aiiy nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ii e ooaeiaeiuei aeioe?eueieie
ciaiiyie uiaei ?ico/oaaieo oai??a;

— oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino?, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? eia?ee
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, a naia: inyaiaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii?
nooiino? ioce/ieo oai??a, naiino?eiiai aeai?o ooaeiaeiuei-aeioe?eueieo
cania?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino?, a?aei?aoethaaiiy oaoi?/ii?
aeineiiaeino? ao?eaiiy;

— iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o iai?yieo
a?ae aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioiaaiiai oeoia/aiiy aei ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

6. Iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae ia? aeiae?aoeny, nenoaiaoecoaaoeny oa
iaaeaaaoeny nooaeaioai o oaeee niin?a, uia eiai ci?no oa iine?aeiai?noue
aeeeaaeo a?aeiia?aeaee eia?oe? ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano.
Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui ciaiiy, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey i?iaeoeoeaiiai
ia?aa?ao ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ? ye? io?eiothoue
nooaeaioe a nenoai? ioce/ii? i?aeaioiaee, ii-ia?oa, ?icina?aaeaeai? ii
??cieo aeenoeeie?iao ye ca ci?noii, oae ? a /aniaiio i?ii?aeeo;
ii-ae?oaa, ciaiiy ca ci?noii oa no?oeoo?ith nei?eaiaai? noiniaii iaoe oa
eia?ee i?aaeiaoo aea/aiiy eiaeii? ?c aeenoeeie?i; ii-o?ao?, ciaiiy
ni?yiiaai? ia aecia/aio i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy aeenoeeie?ie noa?o ?o
aaciina?aaeiueiai canoinoaaiiy. I?e nenoaiaoe/iiio caaacia/aii?
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ooaeiaeiuei oa iaaeaaia?/ii
aeioe?eueieie ciaiiyie iinooiiai oi?io?oueny ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeee
oacao?on nooaeaio?a.

7. Oeaio?aeueiith eaieith a iaieiae?ii? nooaeaioaie ienoaoeoaii
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aenooia? oe?eani?yiiaaia oi?ioaaiiy
ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino?, iiaoaeiaaieo
ia iniia? eia?ee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. Oeae i?ioean aeiaaa?
ni?yioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? o o?ueio aca?iiiia’ycaieo
iai?yiao: inyaiaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino? ioce/ieo oai??a,
naiino?eiiai aeai?o ooaeiaeiuei-aeioe?eueieo cania?a
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?aciino?, a?aei?aoethaaiiy oaoi?/ii?
aeineiiaeino? ao?eaiiy. O i?ioean? iaa/aiiy nenoaia ocaaaeueiaieo
i?eeii?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae?yeueiino? iiaeiia noaoe i?aaeiaoii
niaoe?aeueiiai canai?iiy nooaeaioaie, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ?o
na?aeiiiai, naiino?eiiai e oai?/iai canoinoaaiiy aei aoaeue-yeeo oai??a
ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa ca oi?iith, aeai?iaeie oa noeeueiaeie iciaeaie.

8. Aenieee ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
ia?aaeaa/a? caeaoi?noue aei aaciina?aaeiueiai inyaiaiiy-?icoi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei-ci?noiaii? nooiino? ioce/ieo oai??a oa a?eueiiai iia?oaaiiy
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeeie caniaaie ?aae?caoe?? ooaeiaeiuei-ia?acieo
oyaeaiue o aeeiiaii?. Caaacia/aiiy oeueiai i?ioeano a?oioo?oueny ia
iiaoaiiiio ia?aaaaeaii? ?icai?iooeo ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieo ae?e
?c ciai?oiueiai ieaio o aioo??oi?e oa niinia?a ?aae?caoe?? o iai?yieo
a?ae aa?aaeueiiai oeoia/aiiy aei ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia
iniia? iaaeaaia?/ii ea?iaaiiai nei?i/aiiy iia?aoe?eiiai neeaaeo
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieo ae?e ? canoinoaaiiy oaeeo cania?a ye
iaaeaiiy nooaeaioai nei?i/aii? iiaeae? ae?e; iaiaaeaiiy ?o o /an? i?e
ae??oaii? ooaeiaei?o caaaeaiue; aeei?enoaiiy caaaeaiue, ye? aeiaaathoue
iieaco ?acoeueoao?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e a?ae?aco, oieeath/e
?acoeueoao?a i?ii?aeieo iia?aoe?e.

9. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co ?
?ioaa?oth/ei noiniaii /anoeiaeo iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioce/ieo oai??a ? caaacia/o? oe?e?ni?noue i?aeoiaeo aei
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a. Oeae iaoiae aeeiio?
iiaea?eio ooieoe?th: aeeaeaeoe/io oa ooaeiaeith. Aeeaeaeoe/iee aniaeo
iaoiaeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co ia?aaeaa/a? na?aeiia
canai?iiy niinia?a ? i?eeii?a ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei? oa iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?. Ooaeiaei?e aniaeo oeueiai iaoiaeo ci???ioiaaiee ia
?icaeoie ooaeiaeiuei-ia?aciiai ieneaiiy, oi?ioaaiiy
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo oi?iue.

I?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a
ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe ia
ae/a?io?oueny oeei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, a ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeaeueoo ?? ?ic?iaeo
o oaeeo iai?yieao: aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a ? iaoiae?a ?icaeoeo
ooaeiaeiuei-ia?aciiai ieneaiiy nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? ?ino?oiaioaeueii?
i?aeaioiaee; ?ice?eooy aca?iiae?? aeeeaaea/a ? nooaeaioa o
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?; aea/aiiy aca?iicaeaaeiinoae
iaaeaaia?/iiai ea?oaaiiy ? naiii?aai?caoe??
aeeiiaanueei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaioa.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo
aeena?oaioa:

1. E?eoeueeee A.I. Iaoiae ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co o
ioce/ii-aeeiiaanuee?e i?aeaioiaoe? nooaeaio?a ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaoc?a // Iaoeia? caienee I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. I.A.Aiaiey. Na??y Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?
iaoee. – I?aeei: IAeI?, 1997. – N. 65 – 69.

2. E?eoeueeee A.I. Ae?aaiinoeea noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei-aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaoc?a // Iaoeia? caienee
I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. I.A.Aiaiey.
Na??y Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee. – I?aeei: IAeI?, 1997. – N. 69 – 74.

3. E?eoeueeee A.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o
nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a // Iaoeia? caienee
I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. I.A.Aiaiey. –
I?aeei: IAeIO, 1998. – N. 5 – 9.

4. E?eoeueeee A.I. Oi?ioaaiiy ocaaaeueiaieo i?eeii?a niiniao
ooaeiaeiuei-?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ae?yeueiino? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe // Iaoeia? caienee:
ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa / Oee. I.A.Aeieo?aiei, ?.I.Eia/eia,
I.I.Nei?iaaaaoueei. – E.: IIO, 1999, /. 3. – N. 181 – 187.

5. E?eoeueeee A.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oai??a
ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa o nooaeaio?a ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a
iaaeaaia?/ieo ?inoeooo?a (Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??). – I?aeei: IAeI?,
1992. – 28 n.

6. E?eoeueeee A.I. Aeei?enoaiiy oieueeei?ii? ioceee o oi?ioaaii? oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oai??a ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa // Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Oieueeei? oa i?ioan?eia
ienoaoeoai”. – I?aeei: IAeI?, 1992. – N. 68 – 70.

7. E?eoeueeee A.I. ?icaeoie ioce/iiai ieneaiiy o/i?a AeIO a
?ino?oiaioaeueieo eeanao // Iaoa??aee iaeanii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/ee ?icaeoie o/i?a o oeieao anoaoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy”. – I?aeei: IAeI?, 1995. – N. 21 – 22.

E?eoeueeee A.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o
nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01. – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. –
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – Ee?a,
1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a nenoai? ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia? noaoe oe?eani?yiiaaiei ? iaaeaaia?/ii
ea?iaaiei i?ioeanii ia a?aei?io a?ae niiioaiii-oai?/iai i?aeoiaeo aei
eiai ?icaeoeo a oiae? iaeiie/aiiy nooaeaioaie ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai
aeina?aeo. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oa iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??. Noai?aii eiiieaenio nenoaio
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ae?aaiinoeee noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioceee. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee
i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ioce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a aeui? ina?oe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, iaoiae
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co, aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia ae?aaiinoeea
noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

E?eoeeee A.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee o
nooaeaioia iocueaeueiuo oaeoeueoaoia iaaeaaiae/aneeo caaaaeaiee aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01. – oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. –
Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. –
Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony i?iaeaia oi?ie?iaaiey oiaiey
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee o nooaeaioia iocueaeueiuo oaeoeueoaoia
iaaeaaiae/aneeo caaaaeaiee aunoaai ia?aciaaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a
nenoaia i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee nooaeaioia iocueaeueiuo
oaeoeueoaoia oi?ie?iaaiea oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee
aeieaeii noaoue oeaeaiai?aaeaiiui e iaaeaaiae/anee oi?aaeyaiui
i?ioeannii a ioee/ea io niiioaiii-oai?/aneiai iiaeoiaea e aai ?acaeoeth
a oiaea iaeiieaiey nooaeaioaie iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneiai iiuoa.
I?aaeeiaeaiu iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey e iaoiae oi?ie?iaaiey oiaiey
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee. Nicaeaii eiiieaenioth nenoaio
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiie aeeaaiinoeee noi?ie?iaaiiinoe oiaiey
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee iocuee.

?anniao?eaathony niaea?aeaiea e iniaaiiinoe oaeeo eeth/aauo iiiyoee eae
“eioa?i?aoaoeey”, “ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eioa?i?aoaoeey”,
“iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneay eioa?i?aoaoeey”, i?aaeiao ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee; ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eioa?i?aoaoeey eae aeae aeayoaeueiinoe.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eioa?i?aoaoeey
?anniao?eaaaony eae ?acoeueoao iinoeaeaiey i?aaeiaoa oieeiaaiey,
?aaeeciaaiiue niaoeeoe/aneeie eniieieoaeueneeie n?aaenoaaie
au?aceoaeueiinoe.

Auaeaeaiu iniiaiua aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe (iinoeaeaiea
ooaeiaeanoaaiii-niaea?aeaoaeueiie nouiinoe i?iecaaaeaiey,
iaoa?eaeueii-caoeiaay ?aaeecaoeey) e aeaenoaey (?aniiciaaaiea
ooaeiaeanoaaiii-niuneiauo yeaiaioia e eo iniuneaiea a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
oeaeinoiinoe, ioai? ooaeiaeanoaaiii oeaeaniia?aciuo n?aaenoa
eniieieoaeueneie au?aceoaeueiinoe, iiene niiniaia oaoie/anee
niaa?oaiiiai aiieiuaiey, eiio?ieue iaae niioaaonoaeai n?aaenoa
eniieieoaeueneie au?aceoaeueiinoe ooaeiaeanoaaiiie oeaeaniia?aciinoe e
noaiaiueth niaa?oainoaa aiieiuaiey) ooaeiaeanoaaiii-eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiiai
i?ioeanna.

?ane?uaathony i?iaeaiu oi?ie?iaaiey oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee a nenoaia iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie iiaeaioiaee.
Enneaaeiaaiea iieacaei, /oi oi?ie?iaaiea oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee a i?ioeanna iao/aiey i?e iiin?aaeiaaiiii aicaeaenoaee
oi?ie?oaony iaii?aaeaeaiii aeieai n iai?aaeaeaeaiiuie ?acoeueoaoaie eee
aiiaua ia oi?ie?oaony.

?anniao?eaathony iniiaiua ia?aiao?u (iia?aoeeiiiua, eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiua),
e?eoa?ee (ooaeiaeanoaaiiay aeinoiaa?iinoue, i?eaeiaeueiinoue,
eniieieoaeueneia ianoa?noai ii eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiui ia?aiao?ai;
iniciaiiinoue, iaiauaiiinoue, naiinoiyoaeueiinoue ii iia?aoeeiiiui
ia?aiao?ai), o?iaie noi?ie?iaaiiinoe oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee a niioaaonoaee n eiiieaeniie nenoaiie aeeaaiinoeee
(eiie?aoii-/oanoaaiiue, yiioeeiiaeueii-ia?aciue,
ia?acii-ae?aiaoo?ae/aneee).

Aiaeece?oaony noaiaiue noi?ie?iaaiiinoe oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee o nooaeaioia iocueaeueiuo oaeoeueoaoia iaaeaaiae/aneeo
caaaaeaiee aunoaai ia?aciaaiey.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a nenoaia i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee nooaeaioia
iocueaeueiuo oaeoeueoaoia oi?ie?iaaiea oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee aeieaeii noaoue oeaeaiai?aaeaiiui e iaaeaaiae/anee
oi?aaeyaiui i?ioeannii a ioee/ea io niiioaiii-oai?/aneiai aai ?acaeoey a
oiaea iaeiieaiey nooaeaioaie iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneiai iiuoa, /oi
o?aaeeoeeiiii neiaeeeny a nenoaia iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie
iiaeaioiaee. Eioaineaiinoue i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey oiaiey
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee o nooaeaioia iaania/eaaaony i?e oneiaee:

— iaania/aiey nooaeaioia ooaeiaeanoaaiii e aeeaeaeoe/anee
oeaeaniia?aciuie ciaieyie ioiineoaeueii eco/aaiuo i?iecaaaeaiee;

— oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey iaiauaiiuo i?eaiia
iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, iino?iaiiuo ia iniiaa
eiaeee eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna;

— iiyoaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee a
iai?aaeaiee io aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioe?iaaiiiai oieeiaaiey e
iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie eioa?i?aoaoeee.

?ac?aaioaii e yenia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?aii iaoiae oi?ie?iaaiey oiaiey
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee o nooaeaioia, eioi?ui anoue iaoiae
eioa?i?aoaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneiai aiaeeca.
Eioa?i?aoaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneee aiaeec icia/aao iaaeaaiae/aneoth
aeayoaeueiinoue, eioi?ay aace?oaony ia aiaeeca e iauyniaiee (?ane?uoee,
oieeiaaiee) niunea i?aaeiaoa iai?aaeaiiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe, niiniaa
aeayoaeueiinoe e aa ?acoeueoaoa.

Ciaiey aeieaeiu ioae?aoueny, nenoaiaoece?iaaoueny e i?aaeuyaeyoueny
nooaeaioai a ii?yaeea, aaea eo niaea?aeaiea e iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue
eceiaeaiey aoaeao ioaa/aoue niaea?aeaieth
ooaeiaeanoaaiii-eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna.

I?aaeiaoii oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey aeieaeiu aunooiaoue
niaoeeoe/aneea iaiauaiiua i?eaiu ooaeiaeanoaaiii-eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe: iinoeaeaiey – ?aniiciaaaiea ooaeiaeanoaaiii-niuneiauo
yeaiaioia, ii?aaeaeaiey eo iaiauaiiuo e eiioaenoiuo cia/aiee,
ii?aaeaeaiea ae?aiaoo?aee ?acaeoey niaea?aeaoaeueiuo i?ioeannia;
iaoa?eaeueii-caoeiaia aiieiuaiea – ioai? ooaeiaeanoaaiii-oeaeaniia?aciuo
n?aaenoa eniieieoaeueneie au?aceoaeueiinoe, iiene niiniaia oaoie/anee
niaa?oaiiiai eniieiaiey, eiio?ieue ca niioaaonoaeai n?aaenoa
eniieieoaeueneie au?aceoaeueiinoe ooaeiaeanoaaiiie oeaeaniia?aciinoe e
niaa?oainoaii eniieiaiey.

Nouiinoue iiyoaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey niiniaa iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe a iai?aaeaiee io aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioe?iaaiiiai oieeiaaiey
iocueaeueiuo i?iecaaaeaiee e iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee ninoieo a ia?a niioiioaiey
aa?aaeece?iaaiiiai oieeiaaiey e ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee.
Auaeaeaiu yoaiu iinoaiaiiiai ia?aoiaea, eo iniaaiiinoe.

Enneaaeiaaiea iieacaei, /oi iineieueeo oiaiea ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee ia anoue a?iaeaeaiiui ea/anoaii, a a i?ioeanna iao/aiey
iooai iiin?aaeiaaiiiai aeeyiey oi?ie?oaony iaii?aaeaeaiii aeieai eee
aiiaua ia oi?ie?oaony, oi yoi oiaiea aeieaeii noaoue i?aaeiaoii
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey. Yooaeoeaiinoue yoiai i?ioeanna
iaoneiaeaia iaania/aieai nooaeaioia aeeaeaeoe/anee e ooaeiaeanoaaiii
oeaeaniia?aciuie ciaieyie ioiineoaeueii eco/aaiuo i?iecaaaeaiee a
i?ioeanna ?aaiou iaae ieie; oeaeaiai?aaeaiiui oi?ie?iaaieai iaiauaiiuo
i?eaiia niiniaa iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, iino?iaiiuo
ia iniiaa eiaeee ooaeiaeanoaaiii-eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna;
iiyoaiiii oi?ie?iaaiee niiniaa iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe a iai?aaeaiee io aa?aaeueii-a?aoiaioe?iaaiiiai oieeiaaiey
e iocueaeueii-eniieieoaeueneie eioa?i?aoaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee, iaaeaaiae/aneea
oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee, iaoiae
eioa?i?aoaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneiai aiaeeca, aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiay
aeeaaiinoeea noi?ie?iaaiiinoe oiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioa?i?aoaoeee.

Kriszky V.M. Formation of skill of art interpretation of the students of
musical faculties of pedagogical educational institutions. — Manuscript.

The dissertation on obtaining of a scientific degree of the candidate of
pedagogical sciences on a speciality 13.00.01 – the theory and history
of pedagogic. – National pedagogical university of the name
M.Dragomanova. – Kiev, 1999.

In the dissertation the problem of formation of skill of art
interpretation of the students of musical faculties of pedagogical
educational institutions is investigated. It is established, that in
system of professional training of the students of musical faculties the
formation of skill of art interpretation should become teleological and
pedagogically directed process on the contrary of the spontaneous —
creative approach to its development during accumulation by the students
of musical-executive experience. The pedagogical conditions and method
of formation of skill of art interpretation are offered. It is created a
complex system of differentiate of diagnostics of the formation of skill
of art interpretation of music. The basic results of research have found
practical use in educational process of musical faculties of pedagogical
educational institutions.

Key words: skills of art interpretation, pedagogical conditions, method
of the interpretative-pedagogical analysis, differentiate diagnostics of
the formation of skill of art interpretation.

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