IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? I.I. Ae?AAIIAIIAA

EIIIAAEUe*OE ?AAI ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 378.140

OI?IOAAIIss O IAEAOOI?O O*EOAE?A

OI?IUe I?IAEOOAAOE AEOIAIO Ae?ssEUeI?NOUe

13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a AEeoiie?nueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio

?inoeooo? ?iai? ?.ss.O?aiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee

ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?aai/aiei Aiaoie?e Aaneeueiae/,

AEeoiie?nueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

?inoeooo ?iai? ?.ss.O?aiea, i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei?

iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

ae?eniee /eai AII Oe?a?ie

Ii?ic Ieaen?e A?eai?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani?

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ei?ieue Aaeaioeia Ieeiea?aia,

*a?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia

onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.Eioethaeinueeiai, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. A?iieoey

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 15 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i _16:30__ aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.01 a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

(252601, i.Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa,9)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

(252601, i.Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii » 3 » aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
I.I.?oaeieoeueea

16

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?aae?caoe?y ?aeae
Eiioeaioe?? aeoiaaiiy ae?oae oa iieiae? o iaoe?iiaeuei?e nenoai? ina?oe
aeiaaa? oai?/iai i?aeoiaeo aei ae?iaeaiiy o/eoaeyie no?aoaa?? ? oaeoeee
nai?? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Iaoeiaa i?iaeooaaiiy i?aeaeuo? ?acoeueoaoeai?noue aeoiaii? ?iaioe,
aeicaiey? aanoe ?? a?eueo ona?aeiieaii ? ?aoe?iiaeueii. Aea aiae?c
ae?yeueiino? o/eoae?a na?ae/eoue, ui aeoiaia ?iaioa /anoi caiaeeoueny
aei i?iaaaeaiiy ie?aieo caoiae?a, ye? ia caaacia/othoue
oe?eani?yiiaaiino? oa nenoaiiino? iaaeaaia?/ii? aca?iiae??. Oaeee noai
aeoiaaiiy a oeie? cia/iith i??ith coiiaeaiee iaai?iiyi o/eoae?a
naiino?eii i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.

Iiooe ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?a aei aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino? ? iaeiei ?c i?ia?aeieo caaaeaiue aeui? oeiee. Iniiai?
iai?yie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe aecia/aii Aea?aeaaiith
iaoe?iiaeueiith i?ia?aiith «Ina?oa» (Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy), Caeiiii
Oe?a?ie «I?i ina?oo», oe?eueiaith eiiieaeniith i?ia?aiith «A/eoaeue».

Aaeeeiai cia/aiiy ai?iith i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ?iaioo iaaeaaaee aeaeaoi?
oe?a?inuee? iaaeaaiae A.N.Iaea?aiei ? A.I.Nooiieeinueeee. Oai?/ee
i?aeo?ae aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? aiie aaa/aee o aeine?aeaeaii? ?
i?iaeooaaii? iioeiaeueieo oeyo?a ?? i?aai?caoe??, noai?aii? aeaniiai
iiaaoi?nueeiai noeeth i?aoe? ia iniia? aeinyaiaiue iaoee ? ia?aaeiaiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo.

Iaoiaeieia?/ii-oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee o/eoae?a aecia/ai? a i?aoeyo I.A.Aaaeoee?ii?, A.?.Aiiaea?y,
?.A.Cycthia, I.A.Eocuei?ii?, I.A.Ii?ica, I.?.Ua?aaeiaa, I.?.Oe?ey,
I.Ae.ss?ia/aiea oa ?i. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue o/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey ?ice?eaathoueny a ?iaioao
TH.I.Aca?iaa, A.I.A?eica?oeaaa, A.I.Aieei, N.A.?eeaiiaa, A.?.?aai/aiea,
A.E.Eainueei?, ?.?.Neieoe?, I.?.Oa?anaae/.

O ?yae? ioae?eaoe?e iaaeaaia?/ia i?iaeooaaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
aaaeeeaee eiiiiiaio aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? (A.N.Aac?oeiaa,
A.I.Aaniaeueei, A.?.Caaayceinueeee, I.A.Eocuei?ia, TH.I.Eoethoe?i,
?.I.I?aeeanee). Iaeiae i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oi?iue aena?oeththoueny ye /anoeia? ieoaiiy a ieai? a?eueo caaaeueieo
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aai ye neeaaeia? eiiiiiaioe aiinoe/ieo,
i?aai?caoi?nueeeo, eiioi?eaoeaieo oi?iue ? /ano?oa a ?aeo?n?
aeeaeaeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a (A.I.Aea?ea/,
I.A.Aeoaanaithe, ?.A.?eeaiia, A.I.Eai-Eaeee, I.A.Eooa??a,
I.Ae.I?eaiae?ia, I.I.Iioaoiee, N.O.Ua?aae). ?acii c oei, iaoeiaoe?
a?aecia/athoue iaeieae/ee ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? i?iaeooaaeueiiai
eiiiiiaioo a caaaeuei?e nenoai? aeoiaieo oi?iue.

Ie?aiei ieoaiiyi i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei i?iaeooaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ioean?a i?enay/ai? aeena?oaoe?? N.N.Aioiiaiei,
?.N.Aeieo?eea, A.?.E?o, ?.I.Eocuei?ii?, I.A.Ia?eiai?, A.?.Io?aaeiai?,
?.I.Oaiioi?eiai?.

Aea aea/aiiy aeina?aeo i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a aei
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? aea? ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?iaeaia
oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaia
ye a oai?aoe/iiio, oae ? a i?aeoe/iiio ieai?.

A?aenooi?noue nenoaiieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o oeueiio iai?yi? ?
aino?a nioe?aeueia iio?aaa o a/eoaeyo-aeoiaaoaeyo, ui caeaoi?
naiino?eii, oai?/i i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue, yea caaacia/o?
?icaeoie iniaenoino? ia aoiai?noe/ieo aeaiie?aoe/ieo canaaeao,
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoyo, iaoiiaeee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy «Oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue».

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neii?aeeiiaaii ?aaeith AII Oe?a?ie ?
aoiaeeei aei ieaio eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaie «Oaoiieia?y iaa/aiiy o
iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?», ui ?ic?iaeyeany eaoaae?ith iaaeaaia?ee
AEeoiie?nueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i ?.ss.O?aiea (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194 U 004973).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? a oeie?.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – ci?no oa caniae oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a aeueo
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oai?aoe/i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa i?aeoe/i?e
ai?iaaoe?? oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a c?inoa? ca
oiiae canoinoaaiiy o i?ioean? aea/aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i nenoaie
iaa/aeueieo caaaeaiue, ye? a?aeoai?ththoue i?aaeiaoiee ? nioe?aeueiee
ci?no oa iiaeaeththoue oaoiieia?th iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?aa??ee noi?ioeueiaaii?
a?iioace iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaanoe no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee aiae?c i?iaeooaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? iaaeaaiaa oa aecia/eoe nooi?noue, ci?no ? no?oeoo?o
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue.

2. I?iaiae?coaaoe oai??th oa i?aeoeeo oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue o nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco a i?ioean?
caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee.

3. Aecia/eoe i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, ci?no oa caniae
aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue.

4. ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaoaaoe a i?ioean? aea/aiiy eo?no iaaeaaia?ee
oaoiieia?th oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy: i?eioeei ?aeiino? eia?ee ? oai???
i?ciaiiy c i?aeoeeith, nenoaiiee oa ae?yeuei?niee i?aeoiaee aei aiae?co
? iiaoaeiae iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ? neioac,
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee iaoiae, iiaeaethaaiiy, eeaneo?eaoe?y,
eiioaio-aiae?c; aii??e/i? iaoiaee: niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, aan?aee,
aea/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaeooaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/eoae?a ?
nooaeaio?a, naiiioe?iea ? aenia?oia ioe?iea, eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee
iaaeaaia?/i? aenia?eiaioe. Aeey ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
canoiniaaii iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio
i?iaiaeeany ia aac? AEeoiie?nueeiai, *a?eanueeiai oa
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai iaae?inoeooo?a, na?aaei?o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ??
12, 18, 21, 25, 33 i.AEeoiie?a, Noaee?anueei? na?aaeiuei? oeiee
Ee?anueei? iaeano?, O?iyinueei? na?aaeiuei? oeiee E??iaia?aaenueei?
iaeano?, Ie?ineaanueei?, ssaiaeeinueei?, Iaein?ee?anueei? oe?e
AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?. Caaaeii aenia?eiaioii aoei ioiieaii 112 eeanieo
ea??aiee?a ? iaaeaaia?a-i?aai?caoi??a, 32 aeeeaaea/? oa 583 nooaeaioe
aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

I?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1992-1993??.) ia iniia? aea/aiiy o?einionueei?,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, aiae?co aeina?aeo
?iaioe aeeeaaea/?a iaaeaoc?a oa o/eoae?a-aeoiaaoae?a, aieaooaaiiy
nooaeaio?a aoei aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yie aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoo,
caaaeaiiy, a?iioaco.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1993-1994??.) aecia/aii iaoiaeieia?th ? iaa?oioiaaii
iaoiaeeeo iaoeiaeo iiooe?a, i?iaiae?ciaaii nooi?noue ? ci?no iniiaieo
iiiyoue, i?iaaaeaii eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aio ?
iaoiaeeeo oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (1994-1997??.) i?iaaaeaii oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio,
inieneaiiy, aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy eiai ?acoeueoao?a, ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean aoco.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy: aia?oa aecia/aii iiiyooy
«i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? oi?iiy», aeine?aeaeaii ?o eaoaai??aeuei?
iciaee, ci?no ? no?oeoo?o; ooi/iaii nooi?noue ? ci?no iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ye neeaaeiai? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? iaaeaaiaa.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy. A aeine?aeaeaii? ?ice?eoi eia?eo oa aeyaeaii
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. Eiie?aoeciaaii e?eoa???, aeae?eaii oa
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ??ai? aioiaiino? nooaeaio?a ? a/eoae?a aei i?iaeooaaiiy
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?. I?iaaaeaii i?aea?? ? eeaneo?eaoe?th
iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeueieo caaaeaiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaoe??
aenia?eiaioaeueii? oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.
Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaenoaaeai? o iaa/aeueiiio iin?aieeo
«I?aeoeeoi c iaaeaaia?ee» / Ca caaaeueiith ?aaeaeoe??th I.A.Aeoaanaithe
oa A.A.?aai/aiea, — E.:?NAeI,1996. ?acoeueoaoe
iaoeiai-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aea/aii?
aeenoeeie?i ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oeeeeo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi
i?iaeooaaiiy aeiiiiiaea o/eoaeyi a?eueo aoaeoeaii i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a ooi/iaii? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue
uiaei nooiino?, ooieoe?e ? ci?noo iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?, aecia/aii? ciaiue oa oi?iue, ui iaiao?aei? aeey eiai
aeeiiaiiy, ?ic?iaoe? oaeniiii?? oe?eae oa nenoaie iaa/aeueieo caaaeaiue,
aeeiiaiiy yeeo ? ae?eiaei caniaii oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.

Iaae?ei?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ia’?eoeai?noue aeniiae?a caaacia/othoueny oai?aoe/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth
aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno
aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
aaeaeaaoi? eiai iao? ? caaaeaiiyi, e?euee?niei ? ye?niei aiae?cii
oai?aoe/ieo ? aii??e/ieo oaeo?a, iaoa??ae?a ? ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1. I?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? ia?aaeaa/a? aeeiiaiiy o/eoaeai
oaeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ioeaaeo?: ae?aaiinoe/ia iinoaiiaea aeoiaieo
caaea/, i?iaiicoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeoiaiiai aieeao, iiaeaethaaiiy ?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy noa’?eo-noa’?eoieo aeoiaieo a?aeiinei,
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ci?noo ae?yeueiino?, eiino?othaaiiy oi?i ? iaoiae?a
aeoiaii? aca?iiae??, aecia/aiiy cania?a eiio?ieth ? ioe?iee aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

2. Canai?iiy nooaeaioaie iaiao?aeieo caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ?
niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue, ui neeaaeathoue oai?aoe/io ?
i???ioaoe?eii-i?aeoe/io iniiao i?iaeooaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?,
ona?aeiieaiiy ooieoe?e i?iaeooaaiiy, iaieiae?iiy i?eeiiaie aeeiiaiiy
i?iaeooaaeueieo ae?e oa iia?aoe?e aoaeoeaii a?aeaoaathoueny o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, yeui o iueiio iiaeaeththoueny caaea/?, ci?no,
oi?ie ? iaoiaee i?ioan?eiiai i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

3. Iaaeaaia?/ia oaoiieia?y oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue ?ai?acaioo?oueny nenoaiith
iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeueieo caaaeaiue (aiinoe/ieo, i?iaiinoe/ieo,
i???ioaoe?eii-iiooeiaeo, no?oeoo?ii-ci?noiaieo, eiino?oeoeaieo,
eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/ieo), eeaneo?eaoe?y ? i?aea?? yeeo i?iaiaeeoueny
a?aeiia?aeii aei eia?ee oa iine?aeiaiino? aoai?a i?iaeooaaiiy oa ca
nooiaiai neeaaeiino? (?ai?iaeoeoeaiee, aaeaioeaiee,
eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/ee, nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/ee ??ai?), ui caaacia/o?
iinooiiaee ia?ao?ae nooaeaio?a a?ae iaa/aeueii? aei eaac?i?ioan?eii? oa
iaa/aeueii-i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeeny
o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? AEeoiie?nueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?i.?.O?aiea (aeia?aeea ? 332a a?ae 22.10.98), Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.N.Iaea?aiea (aeia?aeea ? 507
a?ae 22.11.98), I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(i.Iaeana) ?i. E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai (aeia?aeea ? 1548 a?ae 03.11.98).
Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue iia?aeiieyeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
can?aeaiiyo oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee
AEeoiie?nueeiai iaae?inoeoooo, aeiiia?aeaeeny oa io?eiaee noaaeaiiy ia
iaeanieo, i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo oa anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iaeai i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai o/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey:
«Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey oa no/ani? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy» (AEeoiie?, 1993),
«Aeooiaiee ?icaeoie iniaenoino? caniaaie ienoaoeoaa» (*a?i?a?a, 1993),
«Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oaeoi?e i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?
a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey», (AEeoiie?, 1995), «Oai?/a niaaeueia A.N.Iaea?aiea o
eiioaeno? no/anii? iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee ? i?aeoeee» (Noie-Oa?e?a-Iieoaaa,
1998), «Iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? a aeeoy/eo
a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?yo Oe?a?ie», (AEeoiie?, 1998).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeaia eia?eith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a aei eiaeiiai
?icae?eo, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui
ia?aoiao? 215 iaca, c ieo 7 ?iicaiiith iiaith oa 8 aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no
aeeeaaeaii ia 156 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? i?noeoue 1 oaaeeoeth
oa 11 ?enoie?a caaaeueiei ianyaii 7 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco, caaaeaiiy,
iniiai? aoaie aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, ?ice?eoi iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao
iaoeiaeo iiooe?a, iieacaii ?o iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy, iiaeaii iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iaaaaeaii aeai?
i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «I?iaeaie i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? a
iaaeaaia?/i?e oai??? oa i?aeoeoe?» aena?oeththoueny oai?aoe/i? canaaee
aeine?ae-aeaiiy, aiae?co?oueny noai i?iaeaie o aeoiai?e i?aeoeoe? oeiee
? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco, ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue
? ci?no i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? o/eoaey.

C iiceoe?e nenoaiii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo aoaeue-yea ae?yeuei?noue
i?noeoue o nia? noaae?th, ia ye?e a?aeaoaa?oueny ieneaiia ia?aaeaa/aiiy
?? iaeaooiueiai ooieoe?thaaiiy — ia?a?iaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, aecia/aiiy
iaoe, noai?aiiy iiaeae? ae?yeueiino? ? ieaioaaiiy iine?aeiaiino? ae?e oa
iia?aoe?e. (I.ss.Aaeueia??i, A.N.Einothe, I.I.E?iioue?a, A.O.Eiiia,
A.I.Iieyei, I.O.Oaeec?ia, E.?.Oiainueeee).

O no?oeoo?? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oaeiae aeae?eythoue eiiiiiaio,
yeee iia’ycaiee ?c i?iaeooaaiiyi aeoiaiiai i?ioeano (A.I.Aaniaeueei,
O.I.Aiiiaie?i, I.A.Aeoaanaithe, A.?.Caaayceinueeee, I.A.Ee?e/oe,
I.A.Eocuei?ia, TH.I.Eoethoe?i, A.?.Eaaaiueeee, I.A.Ii?ic,
A.I.Neanoueii?i ? ?i.). I?iaeooaaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny o aeaio aniaeoao:
ye iniaeeaee aeae iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ? ye aoai iaaiiai aeaeo
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue o a/eoae?a cia/ieo
o?oaeiiu?a ia’?eoeaiiai ? noa’?eoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o i?e i?iaeooaaii?
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?. Iniiaiith i?e/eiith iacaaeia?eueii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?iaeooaaiiy ? aeniea neeaaei?noue
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/, ui iio?aao? oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue ia nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/iio ??ai?. Aiaeii/an
aeineoue iecuee? iieacieee ?o noi?iiaaiino? o nooaeaio?a noa?oeo eo?n?a
iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a (na?aaei? cia/aiiy a?aeiinieo /anoio 0,42)
na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue iineeaiiy oai?aoe/ii? ? i?aeoe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

O iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe? /?oei ia aecia/ai? iiiyooy, ci?no ? no?oeoo?a
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue. Aea ine?eueee oi?iiy aeooaeueii
i?iyaeythoueny ? ?icaeaathoueny o a?aeiia?aei?e ae?yeueiino?
(I.ss.Aaeueia??i, A.N.Einothe, I.I.Eaiioue?a, Ae.O.I?eieaiei,
N.E.?oa?iooaei, I.O.Oaeec?ia), oi aeey io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??
ie caa?ioeeny aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

A ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyae? oaoiieia?th i?iaeooaaiiy iiaeia iiaeaoe o
aeaeyae? /ioe?ueio??aiaai? iiaeae?, yea a?aeia?aaea? aca?iica’ycee i?ae
no?oeoo?ieie, ooieoe?iiaeueieie, oaoiieia?/ieie ? ?acoeueoaoeaieie
eiiiiiaioaie i?iaeooaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

Ia?oee ??aaiue iiaeae? aecia/a? iaiao?aeiee ianya ciaiue i?i no?oeoo?i?
eiiiiiaioe aeoiaii? nenoaie (ca I.A.Eocuei?iith):

1. ?ioi?iaoe?y — noai ? ia?niaeoeae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa ? a?aeiia?aei? aeiiae aei iniaenoino?;

2. Oe?e? — caaaeueia iaoa aeoiaaiiy, yea aeaoa?i?iiaaia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie /eiieeaie.

3. Ia’?eo — o/i?, aeo?aeiee ??aaiue ?o aioiaiino? aei canai?iiy
nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo.

4. Noa’?eo — iaaeaaia ye oai?/a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, ??aaiue eiai
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?.

5. I?aaeiao — ae?yeuei?noue, ni?eeoaaiiy, a i?ioean? yeeo i?ioiaeeoue
aeoiaaiiy ? ?icaeoie iniaenoino?.

6. Caniae — oi?ie, iaoiaee, niiniae, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
cae?enith?oueny aeoiaiee i?ioean.

7. ?acoeueoao — iiceoeai? ci?ie, ui i?iaiicothoueny a iniaenoino? o/iy.

Ia ae?oaiio ??ai? iiaeaeththoueny ooieoe?iiaeuei? eiiiiiaioe, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue iine?aeiai?noue oa nieneiaa cia/aiiy aoai?a
i?iaeooaaiiy:

1. Aiinoe/iee eiiiiiaio — inieneaiiy oe?eae, caaaeaiue, nooiino? oa
niaoeeo?ee i?ioeano aeoiaaiiy.

2. I?iaiinoe/iee eiiiiiaio — ooieoe?? ia?aaeaa/aiiy iaeaooiueiai noaio
ia’?eoa ? i?aaeiaoa aeoiaaiiy.

3. I???ioaoe?eii-iiooeiaee eiiiiiaio — aenoiaiiy ? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ia?aeii? ?aea? ae?yeueiino?.

4. Ieaioaaiiy — aecia/aiiy oeyo?a ? cania?a ?aae?caoe?? aeoiaieo
caaea/.

5. Eiino?oeoeaiee eiiiiiaio — eiiiiceoe?eia iiaoaeiaa aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

6. Eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/iee eiiiiiaio — ?ic?iaea nenoaie cania?a
eiio?ieth oa ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ? i?ioeano aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

O?ao?e ??aaiue iiaeae? aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ae?? oa
iia?aoe??, ye? iaiao?aeii cae?enieoe aeey iiaeaeueoi? o?ainoi?iaoe??
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a aeoiaii? nenoaie:

1. Ae?aaiinoeea — aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo ? aeoiaaiino? o/i?a, ?oi?o
iio?aa, ?ioa?an?a, iiaeeeainoae, cii aeooaeueiiai ? iaeaeeae/iai
?icaeoeo, ni?aa?aeianaiiy ?o ?c iaoith aeoiaaiiy.

2. Oe?eaiieeaaeaiiy, oe?eaooai?aiiy — ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oe?eae aeoiaaiiy o
aeoiai? caaea/?, ?o eiie?aoecaoe?y, aeaoae?caoe?y, nenoaiaoecaoe?y,
ooi/iaiiy oa ioe?iea oiia aeinyaiaiiy.

3. Iiaeaethaaiiy — iiooe, aea?? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioo
noa’?eo-noa’?eoieo aeoiaoth/eo aca?iia?aeiinei, aecia/aiiy ci?noo ?
iniiaieo iai?yie?a aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

4. No?oeoo?oaaiiy ae?yeueiino? — ?ic?iaea iine?aeiaiino?, aecia/aiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i, /ano ? i?noey i?iaaaeaiiy aeoiaieo ni?aa ?
caoiae?a.

5. Iia?aoe?eii-?ino?oiaioaeueia ?ic?iaea oi?i, iaoiae?a, i?eeii?a,
niinia?a aeoiaii? aca?iiae??.

6. Oyaia aenia?eiaiooaaiiy — aiae?c, ei?aeoe?y ? aenia?oia ioe?iea
?ic?iaeaiiai i?iaeoo oaoiieia?? aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

A ?acoeueoao? no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe aeoiaii? nenoaie caciathoue iaaieo
ia?aoai?aiue ? ia /aoaa?oiio ??ai? ooai?ththoue i?iaeo oaoiieia??
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

1. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ia’?eoo i?iaeooaaiiy, yea aeoioeth? ciai? caaeaio ?
ae?aaiinoe/ii io?eiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th aeey aecia/aiiy aeoiaieo caaea/.

2. Oaeniiii?y aeoiaieo caaea/ ia caaeaiee ia??iae, ye? noaaeyoueny oae,
uia ?o aeinyaiaiiy iiaeia aoei ae?aaiinooaaoe a ?acoeueoaoao aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

3. Iiaeaeue aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea ?ice?eaa? caaaeueio eiioeaioe?th
iiaoaeiae noa’?eo-ia’?eoieo aeoiaoth/eo a?aeiinei.

4. Ieai, (i?ia?aia) — aeieoiaio, a yeiio a?aeia?aaeathoueny ci?no,
oi?ie ? oaoiieia?/iee ii?yaeie (iine?aeiai?noue, /an, i?noea) aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

5. Nenoaia oi?i, iaoiae?a, cania?a ?aae?caoe?? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano, ye?
caaacia/othoue i?ioeanoaeueiee aia?ao aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

6. E?eoa??? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano — caaacia/aiiy
cai?ioiiai ca’yceo oa ei?aeoe?? oiaeo aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ? iaeiie/aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? aeey iinoaiiaee oe?eae ia ianooiiee ia??iae i?iaeooaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, nooue iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy iieyaa? o
aii?yaeeoaaii?, ia?aoai?aii? no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a aeoiaii? nenoaie o
i?iaeo oaoiieia?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aoaeo/e ?aeaae?ciaaiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?
iaaeaaiaa, iiaeaeue i?iaeooaaiiy aecia/a? ci?no oeo ciaiue ? oi?iue,
yeeie iaiao?aeii iaieiae?oe iaeaooiueiio o/eoaeth, uia oni?oii
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «I?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? oi?iiy ye iniiaa
aioiaiino? iaeaooiueiai o/eoaey aei i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?»
aeine?aeaeothoueny nooi?noue, ci?no ? no?oeoo?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue oa iaa?oioiaothoueny oeyoe ?o oi?ioaaiiy a
i?ioean? caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

O no?oeoo?? iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue I.A.Aeoaanaithe, A.A.?aai/aiei,
N.A.?eeaiia, I.A.Eocuei?ia, I.A.Eooa??a, A.A.Neanoueii?i oa ?i.
aeae?eythoue i?aenenoaio i?iaeooaaeueieo oi?iue. sse a?aeiinii
naiino?eia nenoaia, aiia iana a nia? iciaee iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue a
oe?eiio, aea ?acii c oei ia? ? nai? niaoeeo?/i? oa?aeoa?i? aeanoeaino?.
?o oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ? i?aeoe/ia ioe?iea aeicaiey? o?aeooaaoe
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? oi?iiy ye nooi?iue aieiae?iiy aeeiai?/iith,
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiith nenoaiith na?aeiieo, iine?aeiaieo ?icoiiaeo ?
i?aeoe/ieo ae?e, ui ni?yiiaai? ia iiaoaeiao oaoiieia?? aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?. Ci?no oeeo oi?iue aecia/a?oueny ooieoe?yie i?iaeooaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?. Aiinoe/i? ooieoe??: oi?iiy nenoaiaoecaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
oe?e? aeoiaaiiy, aeaieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o/i?a ? eieaeoeao,
?acoeueoao?a aiae?co iayaii? aeoiaii? neooaoe??, ioe?iee aeoiaoth/eo
oaeoi??a. I?iaiinoe/i? ooieoe??: oi?iiy iinoaiiaee nenoaie aeoiaieo
caaea/, ?o eiie?aoecaoe?? oa ooi/iaiiy ia caaeaiee ia??iae i?iaeooaaiiy,
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeoiaaiiy. I???ioaoe?eii-iiooeia?
ooieoe??: oi?iiy iiaeaethaaoe iaeaooi? noa’?eo-noa’?eoi? aeoiaoth/?
a?aeiineie, aecia/aoe i?ia?aeio ?aeath oa iniiai? aeaee ae?yeueiino?, ?o
aeoiaio ni?yiiaai?noue, ciaoiaeeoe aca?iica’ycee i?ae ie?aieie eaieaie
aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. No?oeoo?ii-ci?noiai? ooieoe??: oi?iiy ieaioaaoe
ci?no aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, ?? iine?aeiai?noue, i?iaiaeeoe ?iciiae?e
?iaioe a i?inoi?? ? /an?. Eiino?oeoeai? ooieoe??: oi?iiy ?ic?iaeyoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue ia ??ai? oi?i ? iaoiae?a aeoiaii? aca?iiae??.
Eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/i? ooieoe??: oi?iiy aeyaeyoe ? aiae?coaaoe
?acoeueoaoe aeoiaaiiy, ei?eaoaaoe aeoiaiee aieea, ioe?ieoe aeanio
iaaeaaia?/io ae?yeuei?noue.

Ioe?iea noi?iiaaiino? oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue
aecia/a?oueny ca oaeeie e?eoa??yie: aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo aeoiaieo
oaoiieia?e, ?o iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy, iiaiioa ?aae?caoe??
ooieoe?e i?iaeooaaiiy, iioeiaeuei?noue oaoiieia?/ieo ae?e oa iia?aoe?e,
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa ia’?eoeai? ?
noa’?eoeai? oo?oaeiaiiy iaaeaaia?a i?e ?iaio? iaae aeoiaieie i?iaeoaie.

Ioe?iea ? aiae?c iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue i?iaiaeeeanue na?aae o/eoae?a-aeoiaaoae?a c ??ciei ??aiai
eaae?o?eaoe?? ? noaaeai ?iaioe, aeyaeyeeny oaeoi?e i?iaeoeoeaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy, aeine?aeaeoaaeeny i?e/eie iaeii?iaeoeoeaii? ?
iai?iaeoeoeaii? i?iaeooaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. O iaoiaeeoe?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ie aeei?enoiaoaaee ioe?ieo eiiiaoaioieo noaeae?a
(aee?aeoi??a oe?e, caao/?a, iaoiaeeno?a), naiiioe?ieo o/eoae?a, aiae?c
aeoiaieo ieai?a, i?ia?ai, iaoiaeee, niinoa?aaeaiiy, aan?aee,
aieaooaaiiy.

A ?acoeueoao? aeyaeaii oae? ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? oi?iue o/eoae?a
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue: ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee (12,3%), aaeaioeaiee
(28,6%), eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/ee (41,7%) ? nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/ee
(17,4%). Oe? ??ai? oa ?o ye?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea ? iieacieeaie, ia ye? ie
i???iooaaeeny i?e ae?iaeaii? ? ioe?ioe? a nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? aea/aiiy
iaaeaaia?ee oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. C?aceii
i?ioan?iiae?cio ? nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/ee ??aaiue, ii??aiyii c yeei
iiaeia anoaiiaeoe nooi?iue a?aeiia?aeiino? ? iaaeeaeaiiy ?aaeueiiai
noaio ?icaeoeo oi?iue aei ii?ie, aei ?aeaaeo.

?yae o/aieo iaaieioo?, ui iaaeaaia?/i? oi?iiy aoaeoeaii oi?iothoueny
oiae?, eiee iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ii iiaeeeaino? a?aeoai?th? i?ioan?eio
ae?yeuei?noue o/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey (A.I.Aa?aeoeueeee, I.I.E?iioue?a,
I.Ae.E?anianueeee, I.?.Oaa/aiei, I.O.Oaeec?ia, O.ssiooaae/ ? ?i.).
Aeoiaey/e c iaoa??ae?a oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaoi?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe aoei ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaiooaeueio
iiaeaeue iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo, oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ia oi?ioaaiiy o
nooaeaio?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.

Iiaeaeue neeaaea?oueny ?c o?ueio aca?iiiia’ycaieo iiaeoe?a:
no?oeoo?iiai, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ? oaoiieia?/iiai, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
ci?no iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a, aecia/athoue
i?ia?aei? aeaee iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?, ?? iniiai? i?aai?caoe?ei?
oi?ie oa iaoiaee. Nenoaiiooai?thth/ei /eiieeii aenooia? i?iaiiciaaiee
?acoeueoao iaa/aiiy — ae?iaeaiiy oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue ia nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/iio ??ai?. Iiaeaeue ? iniiaith aeey
?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?ioean? aea/aiiy iaaeaaia?ee oaoiieia??
oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Iaaeaaia?/ia oaoiieia?y oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue» i?iaiae?ciaaii o?ae ?
?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo, ui i?iaiaeeany ia aac?
AEeoiie?nueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaae?inoeoooo ?i. ?.ss.O?aiea i?ioyaii
1994-97 ??. I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aea iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy, i?aeoe/io ?ic?iaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?aa??eo
oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue.

I?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo (118 in?a) aaeany ca
aenia?eiaioaeueiith oaoiieia??th, eiio?ieueia a?oia (109 /ie.
oaeoeueoaoo ?iicaiieo iia) iaa/aeany o o?aaeeoe?eiiio ?one?.

Ia i?aeaioia/iio aoai? aenia?eiaioo, a?aoiaoth/e aeai? iiia?aaei?o
oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aoee ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, a yeeo a?aeia?aaeaii oe?e?, caaea/?, ci?no ? aeai?eoi
i?aai?caoe?? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?. Iaoa aea/aiiy eiaeii? oaie eiie?aoeco?oueny o oaeniiii??
iaa/aeueieo caaea/ ?aeaioe/ii no?oeoo?? i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oi?iue: no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe — canai?iiy caaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo ?
niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue, ui neeaaeathoue oai?aoe/io ? i???ioaoe?eio iniiao
ae?yeueiino?; ooieoe?iiaeuei? eiiiiiaioe — ona?aeiieaiiy ci?noo ? caaea/
aoai?a i?iaeooaaiiy, ae?iaeaiiy iiceoeaii? iioeaaoe?? i?iaeooaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?; oaoiieia?/i? eiiiiiaioe — iaieiae?iiy aio/eeie iaae/eaie
aeeiiaiiy i?iaeooaaeueieo ae?e oa iia?aoe?e;
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i? eiiiiiaioe — ?icaeoie ieneaiiy,
aioeoeeiaoe??, naiiioe?iee aeanieo i?iaeoeaieo cae?aiinoae.

?icai?oaiiy iiaeae? iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo ia oaoiieia?/iiio ??ai?
a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei eia?ee ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaaeaaia?/ii?
oai??? aei aeoiaii? i?aeoeee, a?ae iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? — aei
eaac?i?ioan?eii? ? iaa/aeueii-i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui coiiaeth?
iine?aeiai?noue ? aca?iica’ycie aoai?a iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo:

1. I?iiaaeaaoe/ii-i?aeaioia/ee aoai: aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaeiueiai iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo, anoaiiaeaiiy nenoaie
oe?eae ianooiiiai oeeeeo iaa/aiiy, no?oeoo?oaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo, ?ic?iaea eiiieaeno caaaeaiue, aeey oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeooaaeueieo
oi?iue ? iaaee?a, i?iiaaeaaoe/ia oai?aoe/ia i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a,
?ino?oeoaae nooaeaio?a i?i ii?yaeie i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy, anoaiiaeaiiy
e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy oi?iue.

2. Eieaeoeaia i?iaeooaaiiy iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?: oe?eani?eeiyooy,
ona?aeiieaiiy nooaeaioaie oe?eae iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo, ni?eueia ?ic?iaea
oaeniiii?? iaa/aeueieo caaea/, i?iaeooaaiiy ae?yeueiino?, iaiao?aeii?
aeey aeinyaiaiiy aecia/aieo oe?eae, aea?? aai iiaeaethaaiiy oi?i,
iaoiae?a ? niinia?a i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?, ?iciiae?e
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?oiiaeo caaaeaiue, anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeaiaioo
aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue i?ae /an caiyooy, aecia/aiiy iaoa??aeueiiai
caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo.

3. Naiii?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a: caaaeueiioai?aoe/ia i?aeaioiaea,
i?aeaioiaea ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa a?oiiaeo caaaeaiue, aeeiiaiiy
i?aeoe/ieo caaaeaiue, i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaieo ni?aa, i?aeaioiaea aei ?o
i?iaaaeaiiy, iaaeaiiy eiinoeueoaoe?e, ia yeeo cae?enith?oueny eiio?ieue
? ei?aeoe?y i?aeaioiaee aei caiyooy, i?aeaioiaea aei eieaeoeaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ianooiiiai iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo.

4. I?aeoe/ii-oai?/ee aoai: aeooae?caoe?y iaoe, caaea/ ? iioea?a
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?, ?ai?iaeoeoe?y ? iiaeeaeaia canai?iiy iii?ieo
ciaiue /a?ac aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai oeio, oi?ioaaiiy
iaaee?a ? oi?iue o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy i?aeoe/ieo ai?aa
eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/iai oa?aeoa?o, ocaaaeueiaiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe?y
ciaiue, iaaee?a ? oi?iue o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/eo
oai?/eo caaaeaiue, naiiaiae?c ? ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aeueiiai
oeeeeo, ei?aeoe?y caaea/ ? oeyo?a iiaeaeueoi? i?aeaioiaee.

5. Aoai eieaeoeaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ianooiiiai iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo.

Iaaeaaia?/ia oaoiieia?y aenooia? ye niin?a nenoaiii? i?aai?caoe??
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano. Aiia ?ai?acaioo?oueny nenoaiith
iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeueieo caaaeaiue, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue ci?no
i?ioan?eii? i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Ca aecia/aiiyi
I.O.Oaeec?ii?, oea iniiaia nenoaia caaea/, c yeeie cono??iaoueny
iaeaooi?e niaoe?ae?no. I?e canoinoaaii? e?eoa??aeueieo caaea/ o
i?ioan?ei?e i?aeaioiaoe? aiie aenooiathoue ye iaa/aeuei? ?
ioe?iththoueny c aeaio iiceoe?e: ca e?euee?nieie oa ye?nieie iieacieeaie
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe ? ca nooiaiai iaieiae?iiy oi?iiyie ?o aeeiiaiiy
(A.I.Aaee).

I?aea?? ? eeaneo?eaoe?y caaaeaiue i?iaiaeeoueny a?aeiia?aeii aei
iniiaieo ooieoe?e i?iaeooaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?: aiinoe/i?, i?iaiinoe/i?,
i???ioaoe?eii-iiooeia?, no?oeoo?ii-ci?noiai?, eiino?oeoeai?,
eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/i? caaaeaiiy. Oaea oeiieia?y caaaeaiue aeicaiey?
aeioe?eueii i?aeae?aoe ? aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o ye can?a ?icaeoeo
oeo eiiiiiaio?a oi?iue, oi?ioaaiiy yeeo ia?aaeaa/a?oueny o iaaiiio
iaa/aeueiiio oeeee?.

??cii??aiaaa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y caaaeaiue a?aeiinii ?o neeaaeiino?
(?ai?iaeoeoeai?, aaeaioeai?, eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/?,
nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/?) caaacia/o? iinooiiaee ia?ao?ae nooaeaio?a a?ae
i?inoeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? aei a?eueo neeaaeieo, a?ae canai?iiy
aeaiaioa?ieo iaaee?a i?iaeooaaiiy — aei iaaoooy a?eueo neeaaeieo oi?iue,
a?ae iaeiioe?eueiaiai canoinoaaiiy oi?iue — aei aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiiai,
a?ae ?ica’ycaiiy oeiiaeo caaaeaiue — aei oai?/eo ?, a e?ioeaaiio
?acoeueoao?, aei nenoaiaoecaoe?? iaaooeo oi?iue ? iaae/ie.

Oaeee i?aeo?ae aea? iiaeeea?noue a?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
iniaeeaino? i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a. Iniaeno?nia
ni?eeiyooy iaa/aeueieo caaaeaiue aaaea aei ona?aeiieaiiy nooaeaioaie
nieneo ?o aeeiiaiiy ye caniao ?icaeoeo i?iaeooaaeueieo oi?iue, aei
iino?eii? naiiioe?iee ? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?.
I?e noa’?eoi?e iiceoe?? o/aniee?a iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano aeieea?
i?aai?/ia ii?aeiaiiy ? ia?ao?ae a?ae i?iaeooaaiiy aeanii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, naiai iaaeaaia?/iiai c?inoaiiy aei i?iaeooaaiiy
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? o nai?e aeaaeai?/i?e a?oi? ? aei i?iaeooaaiiy
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? a oeie?.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a eiio?ieueiiai c??co i?ney aea/aiiy ?icae?eo
«Caaaeuei? iniiae iaaeaaia?ee» iieacaa, ui nooaeaioe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
a?oi aeineoue oni?oii iaieiae?ee iaae/eaie aeeiiaiiy iniiaieo ae?e ?
iia?aoe?e i?iaeooaaiiy. (Na?aaei? cia/aiiy a?aeiinieo /anoio oae?:
aiinoe/i? oi?iiy — 0,61, i?iaiinoe/i? 0,60, i???ioaoe?eii-iiooeia? —
0,61, no?oeoo?ii-ci?noiai? — 0,54, eiino?oeoeai? — 0,56,
eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/i? — 0,55). Iaeiae ye?nia ioe?iea ? aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaiiy i?iaeooaaeueieo caaaeaiue aeyaeee, ui o?eueee 29%
nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi iiaeooue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue ia eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/iio ??ai?, a 58% — ia aaeaioeaiiio
? 13% — ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiio. Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui aeey
aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai ??aiy oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue
iaaeinoaoiuei canai?iiy oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue ? iaaee?a aeeiiaiiy
i?iaeooaaeueieo ae?e oa iia?aoe?e. Oiio i?e aea/aii? ?icae?eo «Oai??y ?
iaoiaeeea aeoiaaiiy» iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?eyeany anoaiiaeaiith
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ie?aieie eiiiiiaioaie i?iaeooaaeueieo oi?iue. I?e
oeueiio ia cieaeoaaeiny cia/aiiy oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee ? ?icoe?aiiy
iia?aoe?eiiai neeaaeo i?iaeooaaeueieo ae?e. I?aai?caoe?y iaa/aeueii?
ae?yeueiino? aaeany a iai?yieo ca?eueoaiiy caaaeaiue
nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/iai oa?aeoa?o ? i?aeaeuaiiy naiino?eiino? nooaeaio?a
i?e ?o ae??oaii?.

I?ney aea/aiiy eo?no «Iaaeaaia?ea» aoei i?iaaaeaii i?aenoieiaa
aecia/aiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? o nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?
eiio?ieueii? a?oi oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. Nooaeaioai
aoei cai?iiiiiaaii ioe?ieoe aeani? oi?iiy ca i’yoeaaeueiith oeaeith.
(Aieaoa aeeth/aea ia?ae?e o?eaeoeyoe iniiaieo ae?e aeai?eoio
i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?). Aeeeaaea/aie ioe?ithaaeeny
?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaiiy eiio?ieueieo caaaeaiue ca oaeeie ??aiyie:
?ai?iaeoeoeaiee — 2 aaee, aaeaioeaiee — 3 aaee, eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/ee
— 4 aaee, nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/ee — 5 aae?a.

Noia?i? iieacieee ioe?iee eiaeii? a?oie oi?iue ia?iaeyeeny ca
iaoiaeeeith I.Ni??iiaa oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiinieo /anoio.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui nooaeaioe aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi
aeinoaoiuei aeia?a aeeiiothoue iniiai? i?ioeaaeo?e i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?. Na?aaei? iieacieee noi?iiaaiino? iniiaieo a?oi oi?iue
oae?: aiinoe/i? — 0,79; i?iaiinoe/i? — 0,72; i???ioaoe?eii-iiooeia? —
0,68; no?oeoo?ii-ci?noiai? — 0,79; eiino?oeoeai? — 0,80;
eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/i? — 0,74. O eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ioe?iee cia/ii
ieae/?.

Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
e?eoe/ieo oi/ie t-?iciiae?eo Nouethaeaioa (tio?.2,96 > t?2,36, ui a??ii
ia ??ai? ? = 0,05).

Ii??aiyiiy ??ai?a aioiaiino? aei aeeiiaiiy nooaeaioaie
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi i?iaeooaaeueieo ooieoe?e aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino? i?aaenoaaeai? ia ae?aa?ai?.

46%
46%

37%

— eiio?ieuei? a?oie

?en.1. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ??ai?a i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaioaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi i?ney oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo

O i?ioean? aenia?eiaioo i?inoaaeoaaeany oaiaeaioe?y c?inoaiiy
e?eueeino? nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie a?aeiia?aeii aei a?eueo
aenieiai ??aiy i?iaeooaaiiy: ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee — 6%, aaeaioeaiee 19%,
eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/ee — 46% ? nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/ee — 29%. O
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao oaea oaiaeaioe?y i?inoaaeo?oueny o cai?ioiiio
iai?yieo: nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/ee ??aaiue — 0%, eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/ee —
17%, aaeaioeaiee — 46% ? ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee — 37%.

C?noaaeaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo iieaciee?a na?ae/aoue i?i
ianooiia: a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao e?euee?noue nooaeaio?a, ui
aeinyaee aenieiai oa na?aaeiueiai ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? oi?iue
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue, noaiiaeea: aiinoe/i? eiiiiiaioe —
84%, i?iaiinoe/i? eiiiiiaioe — 77%, i???ioaoe?eii-iiooeia? 69%,
no?oeoo?ii-ci?noiai? — 74%, eiino?oeoeai? — 82%, eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/i? —
75%, a oe?eiio — 77%.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue iai i?aai eiinoaooaaoe aeinoaoiuei aenieo
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueia
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a?iioace oa iieiaeaiue, ye? aeianai? ia caoeno,
ia?aeiio? o aeinoaoiuei aenie?e ?acoeueoaoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy
iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeueieo i?iaeooaaeueieo caaaeaiue ye caniao oi?ioaaiiy
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue.

Aeai?eoi iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy aecia/a? iine?aeiai? aoaie
ae?aaiinoeee, i?iaiicoaaiiy, iiaeaethaaiiy, ieaioaaiiy, eiino?othaaiiy ?
ioe?iee aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, eiaeai c yeeo aeeth/a? ?yae oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioeaaeo?. Oni?oi?noue ?o aeeiiaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy noi?iiaaiino?
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue, ye? ie ?icaeyaea?ii ye nooi?iue
aieiae?iiy aeeiai?/iith, iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiith nenoaiith ?icoiiaeo ?
i?aeoe/ieo ae?e, ui ni?yiiaai? ia ia?aoai?aiiy no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a
aeoiaii? nenoaie o i?iaeo aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

Ci?no oa no?oeoo?a i?iaeooaaeueieo oi?iue aecia/a?oueny ooieoe?yie
iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy. Aiie aenooiathoue nenoaiiooai?thth/ei
/eiieeii, ui caaacia/o? aca?iica’ycie i?ae no?oeoo?ieie (ciaiiy),
oaoiieia?/ieie (iaae/ee aeeiiaiiy ae?e oa iia?aoe?e) oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie (i?ioan?eii-iniaeno?ni? yeino?)
eiiiiiaioaie oi?iue ? ?o oe?e?ni?noue ye nenoaie.

E?eoa???i ioe?iee noi?iiaaiino? i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue
aenooiathoue ??ai? ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?. Caeaaeii a?ae yeino? ?ic?iaeaieo aeoiaieo i?iaeo?a aiie
iiaeooue aecia/aoeny ye ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee, aaeaioeaiee,
eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/ee ? nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/ee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i iecueeee ??aaiue
i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue aeioneiee?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a.
Oaeee noai aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e
i?aeaioiaee o/eoae?a aei i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

?ic?iaeaia iaie iaaeaaia?/ia oaoiieia?y a?oioo?oueny ia i?aai?caoe??
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?, ui a?aeoai?th? iniiai? ?ene
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy. Aiia ?ai?acaioo?oueny nenoaiith
oe?eani?yiiaaieo iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeueieo i?iaeooaaeueieo caaaeaiue
(aiinoe/ieo, i?iaiinoe/ieo, i???ioaoe?eii-iiooeiaeo,
no?oeoo?ii-ci?noiaieo, eiino?oeoeaieo, eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/-ieo)
??cii??aiaaiai nooiaiy neeaaeiino?.

Iniiaieie i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieie oiiaaie aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy
oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue ?:

1. Aiae?c ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo ? aeae?eaiiy a eiaei?e oai?
eo?no iaaeaaia?ee caaea/, ui iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi o nooaeaio?a oi?iue
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. ?o oi?ioethaaiiy ia oaoiieia?/iiio
??ai? eiie?aoeco?oueny o ia?ae?eo oeo eiiiiiaio?a oi?iue, canai?iiy yeeo
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ye ?acoeueoao iaaiiai iaa/aeueiiai oeeeeo.

2. ?ic?iaea nenoaie iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeueieo i?iaeooaaeueieo
caaaeaiue, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue caaea/?, ci?no ? no?oeoo?o
i?iaeooaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. Eeaneo?eaoe?y ? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y caaaeaiue
aeicaiey? i?aeae?aoe ? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?,
i???iooth/enue ia ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii?
iaenoa?iino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a.

3. Iinooiiaee ia?ao?ae a?ae nooi iaa/aeueii? aei eaac?i?ioan?eii? ?
iaa/aeueii-i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, a?ae ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iaoiae?a
iaa/aiiy — aei i?iaeoeoeaii-oai?/eo, iino?eia ca?eueoaiiy caaaeaiue,
aeeiiaiiy yeeo aeiaaa? canoinoaaiiy nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/eo oaoiieia?e
iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

3. Oi?ie ? iaoiaee iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe iiaeii? noaaeoe ?o o/aniee?a o
iiceoe?th noa’?eoa iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano. Oea aeinyaa?oueny i?e ci?i?
i?aaeiaoa iaa/aeueiiai i?iaeooaaiiy, eiee nooaeaioe i?iaeoothoue aeanio
aeoiaio ? iaa/aeueio ae?yeuei?noue. Oiae? ona?aeiieththoueny oe?e?
oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue, niene cai?iiiiiaaieo
caaaeaiue, a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eia naiiioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aeueii?
ae?yeueiino?.

4. Iaeaaeia caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ia ? iaoiaee/ia i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a,
yea ? oai?aoe/iith ? i???ioaoe?eiith iniiaith i?iaeooaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?.

5. Ona?aeiieaiiy nooaeaioaie a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy
eieaeueii-iiaeaethth/eo caaaeaiue cia/aiiy iniiaieo aoai?a ? iaieiae?iiy
iaae/eaie aeeiiaiiy an?o ae?e ? iia?aoe?e oaoiieia?? i?iaeooaaiiy
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

6. Anoaiiaeaiiy a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy oai?/eo caaaeaiue
nenoaiii-iiaeaethth/iai oa?aeoa?o aeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ie?aieie eiiiiiaioaie i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oi?iue.

7. Iino?eia i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a,
?icoe?aiiy ?o e?oaici?o, a?oaeeoe??, oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeieo iiceoe?e,
ui a ii?aeiaii? c iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iith ? oaoiieia?/iith i?aeaioiaeith
aaaea aei ooai?aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noeeth i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

I?aaenoaaeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia i?aoaiaeo? ia iiaiioo ?
caaa?oai?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. Ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?iaioe ie
aa/eii o a?eueo aeaoaeueiiio aea/aii? ie?aieo eiiiiiaio?a oi?iue
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue, a oaeiae o aeine?aeaeaii? oaoiieia??
i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. Iniaeeaino? i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? //
Iaoea ? no/ani?noue: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. — E.: ?CII, 1998. —
*.II. — N. 77-83.

2. Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. I?iaeaie aioiaiino? o/eoae?a aei i?iaeooaaiiy
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? // Nioe?ae?caoe?y iniaenoino?: I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee
ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae / Ca caaaeueiith ?aae. A.E.Eainueei?. — E.: IIO,
1999. Aeione 1. — N. 84-89.

3. Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. No?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy o
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue // Oai?/a
iniaeno?noue o/eoaey: i?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. — E.: IIO, 1999. — N. 210-215.

4. Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. Ieaioaaiiy ?iaioe eeaniiai ea??aieea. Nooi?noue
iaoiaeeee eieaeoeaieo oai?/eo ni?aa // I?aeoeeoi c iaaeaaia?ee / Ca caa.
?aae. I.A.Aeoaanaithe oa A.A.?aai/aiea. — E.: ?NAeI, 1996. — N. 340-351.

5. Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. Oeiey?, eiai ?icaeoie ? aeoiaaiiy // I?aeoeeoi c
iaaeaaia?ee / Ca caa. ?aae. I.A.Aeoaanaithe oa A.A.?aai/aiea. — E.:
?NAeI, 1996. — N. 73-90.

6. Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. Oi?ioaaiiy o/i?anueeiai eieaeoeao oa eiai aieea ia
iniaeno?noue oeiey?a // I?aeoeeoi c iaaeaaia?ee / Ca caa. ?aae.
I.A.Aeoaanaithe oa A.A.?aai/aiea. — E.: ?NAeI, 1996. N. 202-222.

7. Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. Oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeooaaeueieo oi?iue c aeoiaii?
?iaioe o nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco // Oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaieo oi?iue
iaeaooi?o iaaeaaia?a / Ca ?aae. I.A.Aeoaanaithe, A.A.?aai/aiea. —
AEeoiie?: AEAeI?, 1996. — N. 107-123.

Eiiiaaeue/oe ?.?. Oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oi?iue i?iaeooaaoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee.
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a,
1999.

Aecia/athoueny nooi?noue, ci?no, oeyoe ? caniae oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a a i?ioean? caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee oi?iue
i?iaeooaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. Oaoiieia?y ?o oi?ioaaiiy aaco?oueny
ia nenoai? iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeueieo i?iaeooaaeueieo caaaeaiue
(aiinoe/ieo, i?iaiinoe/ieo, i???ioaoe?eii-iiooeiaeo,
no?oeoo?ii-ci?noiaieo, eiino?oeoeaieo, eiio?ieueii-ioe?ii/ieo), ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue caaea/?, ci?no ? aeai?eoi iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaeaaia?/ia i?iaeooaaiiy, oaoiieia?y i?iaeooaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?, i?iaeooaaeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? oi?iiy,
iaa/aeueii-e?eoa??aeuei? i?iaeooaaeuei? caaea/?.

Eiiiaaeue/oe E.E. Oi?ie?iaaiea o aoaeoueo o/eoaeae oiaiee i?iaeoe?iaaoue
ainieoaoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa,
1999.

?anniao?eaathony niaea?aeaiea, iooe e n?aaenoaa oi?ie?iaaiey a
i?ioeanna iauaiaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee o/eoaeae oiaiee i?iaeoe?iaaoue
ainieoaoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue.

Oaoiieiaey oi?ie?iaaiey i?iaeoe?iai/ii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo oiaiee iniiaaia
ia i?aaiecaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay io?aaeaao iniiaiua /a?ou
i?ioanneiiaeueii-iaaeaaaaiae/aneiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey. Aai caaea/e e
niaea?aeaiea a iioeiaeueiii aa?eaioa ii?aaeaeyao iiaeaeue
i?iaeoe?iai/iie aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeai?eoi i?iaeoe?iaaiey onoaiaaeeaaao
ii?yaeie auiieiaiey oaeeo iaaeaaiae/aneeo i?ioeaaeo?: aeeaaiinoe/aneay
iinoaiiaea ainieoaoaeueiuo caaea/, i?iaiice?iaaiea ?acoeueoaoia
ainieoaoaeueiiai aicaeaenoaey, iiaeaee?iaaiea e iao/ii-oai?aoe/aneia
iainiiaaiea noauaeo-noauaeoiuo ainieoaoaeueiuo aicaeaenoaee,
no?oeoo?e?iaaiea niaea?aeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe, eiino?oe?iaaiea oi?i e
iaoiaeia ainieoaoaeueiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey, ii?aaeaeaiea niiniaia
eiio?iey e ioeaiee ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

I?iaeoe?iai/ii-iaaeaaiae/aneea oiaiey ?anniao?eaathony eae noaiaiue
aeaaeaiey nenoaiie oinoaaiiuo e i?aeoe/aneeo aeaenoaee, iai?aaeaiiuo ia
i?aia?aciaaiea no?oeoo?iuo eiiiiiaioia ainieoaoaeueiie nenoaiu a i?iaeo
ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Oaeniiiiey caaea/ oi?ie?iaaiey i?iaeoe?iai/ii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo oiaiee
ii?aaeaeyaony eo aioo?aiiei niaea?aeaieai: no?oeoo?iua eiiiiiaiou —
onaiaiea iauaiaaeaaiae/aneeo e niaoeeaeueiuo ciaiee, ooieoeeiiaeueiua
eiiiiiaiou — iniciaiea caaea/ iniiaiuo yoaiia i?iaeoe?iaaiey,
oaoiieiae/aneea eiiiiiaiou — iaeaaeaiea aeaeeie iaaueaie auiieiaiey
i?iaeoe?iai/iuo aeaenoaee e iia?aoeee, eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea
eiiiiiaiou — ?acaeoea i?iaeoeaiuo niiniaiinoae.

Iniiaiui e?eoa?eai ioeaiee noi?ie?iaaiiinoe
i?iaeoe?iai/ii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo oiaiee o/eoaey yaeythony o?iaie
i?iaeoeoeaiinoe aai i?iaeoe?iai/iie aeayoaeueiinoe: ?ai?iaeoeoeaiue,
aaeaioeaiue, eieaeueii-iiaeaee?othuee, nenoaiii-iiaeaee?othuee. Eo
ea/anoaaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea onoaiaaeeaaao ioeaii/iua iieacaoaee ?acaeoey
i?iaeoe?iai/iuo oiaiee o nooaeaioia a i?ioeanna eco/aiey iaaeaaiaeee.

?ac?aaioaiiay eiioeaiooaeueiay iiaeaeue ii?aaeaeyao o?e acaeiinaycaiiuo
iiaeoey oeeeea iao/aiey: no?oeoo?iiai, ooieoeeiiaeueiiai e
oaoiieiae/aneiai, eioi?ua io?aaeatho niaea?aeaiea iao/ii-oai?aoe/aneie
iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo o/eoaeae, iniiaiua aeaeu o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe, aa
iniiaiua i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oi?iu e iaoiaeu, iai?aaeaiiua ia oi?ie?iaaiea
o nooaeaioia oiaiee i?iaeoe?iaaoue ainieoaoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue. Ia
oaoiieiae/aneii o?iaia iiaeaeue ?acai?a/eaaaony niioaaonoaaiii eiaeea
ia?aoiaea io iaaeaaiae/aneie oai?ee e ainieoaoaeueiie i?aeoeea, io
o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe e eaacei?ioanneiiaeueiie e
o/aaii-i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, /oi iaoneaaeeaaao
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue e acaeiinaycue yoaiia oeeeea iao/aiey:
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiue yoai, eieeaeoeaiia i?iaeoe?iaaiea oeaeae iao/aiey,
naiiiiaeaioiaea nooaeaioia, auiieiaiea o/aaii-oai?/aneeo caaeaiee,
aiaeec e ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia, i?iaeoe?iaaiea neaaeothuaai o/aaiiai
oeeeea. Nenoaiiia?acothuei oaeoi?ii eiiiiiaioia o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
yaeyaony aa ?acoeueoao — nenoaia i?iaeoe?iai/ii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo oiaiee.

Iaaeaaiae/aneay oaoiieiaey oi?ie?iaaiey o aoaeoueo o/eoaeae oiaiee
i?iaeoe?iaaoue ainieoaoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaenoaaeaia nenoaiie
o/aaii-i?iaeoe?iai/iuo caaeaiee. Eo eeanneoeeaoeey i?iecaiaeeony
niioaaonoaaiii no?oeoo?a i?iaeoe?iai/iie aeayoaeueiinoe: aiinoe/aneea,
i?iaiinoe/aneea, i?eaioaoeeiiii-iieneiaua, no?oeoo?ii-niaea?aeaoaeueiua,
eiino?oeoeaiua, eiio?ieueii-ioeaii/iua caaeaiey.

Iiaeai? caaeaiee i?iecaiaeeony aeeooa?aioeee?iaaiii ioiineoaeueii eo
?aciio?iaiaaie neiaeiinoe: ?ai?iaeoeoeaiue, aaeaioeaiue,
eieaeueii-iiaeaee?othuee e nenoaiii-iiaeaee?othuee, /oi iaania/eaaao
iinoaiaiiue ia?aoiae io i?inouo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe e aieaa neiaeiui,
io onaiaiey yeaiaioa?iuo iaaueia i?iaeoe?iaaiey — e iieeooeoeeiiaeueiui
oiaieyi e eo nenoaiaoecaoeee.

?ac?aaioaiiay iaaeaaiae/aneay oaoiieiaey oi?ie?iaaiey o aoaeoueo
o/eoaeae oiaiee i?iaeoe?iaaoue ainieoaoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue i?ioea
ai?iaaoeeth a o/aaiii i?ioeanna AEeoiie?neiai iaaeaaiae/aneiai einoeoooa
ei. E.ss.O?aiei. ?acoeueoaou oi?ie?othuaai yenia?eiaioa iiaeoaa?aeeee aa
yooaeoeaiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeaaiae/aneia i?iaeoe?iaaiea, oaoiieiaey
i?iaeoe?iai/iie aeayoaeueiinoe, i?iaeoe?iai/ii-iaaeaaiae/aneea oiaiey,
o/aaii-e?eoa?eaeueiua i?iaeoe?iai/iua caaea/e.

I.Konovalchuk. The Formation of the Future Teachers’ Skills to Plan the
Educational Activity. — Manuscript.

Thesis presented for a Master of pedagogical sciences degree
(speciality 13.00.01 — theory and history of pedagogics). The National
Pedagogical University M.P.Dragomanov, Kyiv, 1998.

Essence, content, ways and means of formation in the process of
general pedagogical training of future teachers’ skills to plan the
educational activity are definedin the thesis.

The technology of their formation is based on the system of
educational-criterial planning tasks (gnosiological, predictional,
reference-searching, structural-contextual, constructive,
testing-appreciating), that reflect tasks, content and algorithm of
pedagogical planning.

Key words: pedagogical planning, technology of activity planning,
pedagogical-planning skills, educational-criterial tasks.

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