EOAAINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIAI*IEE OIIAA?NEOAO

IIAII OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Iineaethe Aaeaioeia Ieoaeeiaia

OAeE 371.13. I 82

Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi

nooaeaioia o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio

i?ioeani eieaaeaeo eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa

13.00.01 — oai?iy oa inoi?iy iaaeaaiaiee

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe

Eoaainuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoeiy ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaiai/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi
iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio O?eeia ?aaai
Ieeieaeiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaiaiee, aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo
iineyaeeieiiii? ina?oe Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai
oiiaa?neoaoo iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nouaiei
Oaoyia ?aai?aia, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith oai??? oa iaoiaeeee aeoiaaiiy
Caii??cueeiai iaeaniiai ?inoeoooo aaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoae?a.

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio *a?a’yeiaa Iaoae?y ?aai?aia,
canooiiee aee?aeoi?a Oeaio?o iiaeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a Eoaainueei? iaeano?.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai, I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
iaaeaaia?ee.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny «28» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.29.053.01 a Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaeaaiai/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi ca aae?anith: 348011, i.Eoaainuee,
aoe.Iai?iiia,2.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a aiaeiioaoei Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaii “ 27 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.E.Aooaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy. Ia eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aoaii
?icaeoeo noniieuenoaa aeiiiiothoue iaaii i?i?ioe?e, yei caaeathoue
iai?yiie o ae?ioaiii i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy iieieiiiy, ui iiae?inoa?. Ca?ac
oaeeie i?i?ioe?aie ? oai?/ee oa anoaoe/iee oaeoi?e, ui aecia/athoue
iniiao aeooiaiinoi ethaeeie (A.I.Iieyei). I?i?ioaoeiy ia oai?/inoue
-aieiaia oiiaa noai?aiiy nenoaie aoiaiinoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy, ui aeicaiey?
noi?ioaaoe iacaeaaeio, aieueio, yne?aao, naiiaooith iniaenoinoue. Oiio
aeoiaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoinoi iiaeia ?acaeyaeaoe ye iaeaaaeeeaioa
caaaeaiiy inaioe a Oe?a?ii.

I?e ae?ioaiii oeueiai caaaeaiiy aaaeeeao ?ieue aiaeia?a? oaao?aeueia
oai?/inoue, yea ia oieueee ?icaeaa? ethaeeio anoaoe/ii, aea e caaacia/o?
?? ?iciiai/ia oi?ioaaiiy.

?icoe?aiiy ianooaaia oaao?aeueii? aeiyeueiinoi ia? aeey noniieuenoaa
aaeeea nioeiieoeueoo?ia cia/aiiy, oiio ui aiii ia?aaeaa/a? anaai/iee
?icaeoie oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi, iiioeiaoeae, iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo noeeueiinoae
i caeiaiinoae iniaenoinoi. Caaaeueiiaeoiaia cia/aiiy oaao?aeueii?
aeiyeueiinoi iieyaa? ia?aae onii o oiio, ui a i?ioeani caiyooy
oaao?aeueiei ienoaoeoaii ?icaeaa?oueny noeoiiinoue ?iciiiaiioieo ca
oa?aeoa?ii nioeiaeueii cia/oueo yeinoae iniaenoinoi. Oae, iai?eeeaae,
noeaii/ia aoieaiiy i‘?ne aeiaaa? ia oieueee aiioeieiiai ni?eeiyooy oai?o
ae?aiaoo?aa, aea e ciaiiy aiioe, ui aiaeia?aaea?oueny, oi?iiy aeeaiei
aiaeicoaaoe i‘?no, ?? ia?niiaaeia, ?icaeiaiiai oyaeaiiy, caeiaiinoi aei
ia?aaoieaiiy, aiiaoi?. Noi?iiaaia a i?ioeani oaao?aeueii? aeiyeueiinoi
oai?/a aeoeaiinoue iiaea aooe ia?aianaia a iioi noa?e aeeooy
iniaenoinoi.

I?iaeaia oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi caaaeaee aoea a iiei ci?o a/aieo. ?icii
aniaeoe nooo?ainoi oai?/inoi ?icaeyaeaee A.I.Ae?oaeeiii,
ss.I.Iiiiia?ueia, ?.I.Naiaiia, N.TH.Noaiaiia; no?oeoo?o oai?/eo yeinoae
iniaenoinoi — A.?.Aiae???a, A.I.Aeoiiia; oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo yeinoae
iniaenoinoi — A.N.Aeueoooee??, O.Ai?aeii, ?.I.Oi??ain; nooo?ainoue
?aaeena?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi — A.Ae.Iiiia, E.N.Noaiineaanueeee,
A.I.Oianoiiiaia; iaaeaaiai/ii aniaeoe aeiyeueiinoi ?aaeena?ia i ieoaiiy
?o i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee ?icaeyaeaee A.?.Caoaaa, A.A.E?inoi;
aeei?enoaiiy ienoaoeoaa a oai?/iio ?icaeoeo iniaenoinoi — A.I.Oaa/aiei,
A.?.Ua?aeia, A.I.THnia. I?iaeaii oi?aaeiiiy iaaeaaiai/ieie nenoaiaie
i?enay/aii ?iaioe I.I.Aiaa/aea, A.I.Aiiaea?y, ?.I.O?eeiaa.

A aeineiaeaeaiiyo oieinioia I.N.Eaaaia, ?.N.Eiia, A.A.Nii?eiia
aeoeaiinoue iniaenoinoi ?icaeyaea?oueny a oiniiio ca‘yceo c
aeiyeueiinoth, a yeie aiaeaoaa?oueny i?ioean naii?aaeicaoei? ethaeeie,
noaa?aeaeaiiy naaa ye /eaia noniieuenoaa. Oea aeicaiey? ca‘ycoaaoe
ciinoiaio nooiinoue oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi ci niaoeeoieith oi?? /e iioi?
noa?e a?iiaaenueeiai aeeooy, a yeie aiia i?iyaey?oueny.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy oeeo aaoi?ia aiinyoue aaaaoi oeiiiiai a iaaeaaiai/io
oai?ith e i?aeoeeo. Aea i?iaaaeaiee aiaeic ye oe?ieiai eiea aio/eciyieo
oa caei?aeiiieo aeaea?ae, oae i i?aeoeee ?iaioe eieaaeaeia naiae/eoue
i?i aiaenooiinoue niaoeiaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue, yei i?enay/aii
oi?aaeiinueeiio aniaeoo oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi.

Oaeei /eiii, iaaaeueia iio?aaa noniieuenoaa a oeieiio e nenoaie inaioe
cie?aia o oai?/ie aeoeaiinoi iieiaei, c iaeiiai aieo, i ia?ic?iaeaiinoue
oai?aoe/ieo iniia oa iaoiaeeee oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii ?? oi?ioaaiiy, c
iioiai, iaoiiaeth? iaiaoiaeiinoue iiooeo iiaeo iiaeoiaeia aei ae??oaiiy
oei?? i?iaeaie. C oei?? oi/ee ci?o oaia aeineiaeaeaiiy “Oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani eieaaeaeo
eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa” ? aeooaeueiith, a ?? aeai? aeioeieueiei.
I?iaeaia aeineiaeaeaia ia iaoa?iaei iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia
oaao?aeiciaaieo aenoaa.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao eiiieaenii? oaie “Aeoiaaiiy aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e
o/i?anueei? iieiaei caniaaie ienoaoeoaa”, yea ?ic?iaey?oueny ia eaoaae?i
iaaeaaiaiee Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo iiaii
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea iiae ea?iaieoeoaii /eaia-ei?aniiiaeaioa AII Oe?a?ie,
aeieoi?a iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a A.I.Oaa/aiei.

Ia‘?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — oi?aaeiiiy oi?ioaaiiyi oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani eieaaeaeo eoeueoo?e
oa ienoaoeoa.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — ?ic?iaeoe, iaa?oiooaaoe e aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aai?eoe iiaeaeue oi?aaeiiiy, yea aeicaieyea a iiaeaeueoe
aoaeoeaiinoue iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a i?eiouaiii oiai, ui aoaeoeaiinoue
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia caeaaeeoue aiae
nooiaiy iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?aaeiiiy oeei i?ioeanii, noai?aiiy
niaoeeoi/ieo oiia: iaaeaaiai/ieo (ni?yiiaai?noue on?o eiiiiiaioia
iaaeaaiai/ii? nenoaie i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia ia
oi?ioaaiiy ?o oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi), ineoieiai/ieo
(oeiiiinii-i?i?ioaoeieia ?aeiinoue iaaeaaiai/ieo i?aoeiaieeia, ui
aa?ooue o/anoue o oi?ioaaiii oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia,
ni?eyoeeaee ii?aeueii-ineoieiai/iee eeiiao o eieaeoeai, aaeaeaaoiee
caaaeaiiyi oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia oa?aeoa?
aca?iiaiaeiinei aeeeaaea/ia i nooaeaioia) oa i?aaiicaoeieieo
(ni?yiiaai?noue no?oeoo?e i ooieoeie oi?aaeiinueei? iiaenenoaie ia
caaacia/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi, iayaiinoue aaeaeaaoii?
nenoaie ii?i i?aaiicaoeieiiai ii?yaeeo e aenieiai ??aiy oi?aaeiiiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi).

Eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— oai?/a aeoeaiinoue iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia ? ?acoeueoaoii aeiyeueiinoi
aaaaoueio aeeeaaea/ia, naieo nooaeaioia, aca?iiaei? noa‘?eoeaieo i
ia‘?eoeaieo oaeoi?ia, oiio aeey caaacia/aiiy ?? oi?ioaaiiy iaiaoiaeia
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?aaeiiiy oeei i?ioeanii;

— aeey oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia iaiaoiaeiee
ii/aoeiaee ?iaaiue iaaea?iaaiinoi, nenoaia aeoiaaiiy, ui aiaeiiaiaea?
iaoi ?aaeena?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi, yea caaacia/o? iaieiaeiiiy
i?ioanieieie ciaiiyie, oiiiiyie oa iaae/eaie;

— eeth/iaei iiiaioii o oaeie nenoaii ? oa, ui oai?/a aeoeaiinoue o
iaeaooiie ?aaeena?nueeie aeiyeueiinoi iiaea aooe caaacia/aia oieueee ca
oiiae aaeaeaaoii? ?e oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi a iaa/aeuei?e oa iicaiaa/aeuei?e
aeiyeueiinoi a nenoaii i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee;

— aoaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia iiaea aooe ioeiiaia ia iiaenoaai e?eoa?i?a, ui
aiaeaeaathoue nooo?ai oa?aeoa?enoeee oeueiai yaeua, — iayaiinoue
iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia aeey ?aaeicaoei? iaoe
i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee ?aaeena?ia;

— aoaeoeaiinoue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia iiaea aooe ioeiiaia ia iiaenoaai aiaeico ?iaiy oai?/iai
ieneaiiy i niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeyaii oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani.

Iaoa, i?aaeiao, aiiioaca, eiioeaiooaeueii iieiaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy
coiiaeee iinoaiiaeo ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

— aea/eoe noai i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaaeaaiai/ii, ineoieiai/ii, i?aaiicaoeieii oiiae oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia;

— ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa?i? oa iaoiaeeeo ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiiiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia;

— aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aai?eoe iiaeaeue oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

Iaoiaeieia?/io oa oai?aoe/io iniiao aeineiaeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue oai?iy
iiciaiiy, nenoaiiee, eoeueoo?ieia?/iee, aeiyeuei?niee iiaeoiaee,
eeth/iai iieiaeaiiy aio/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo ineoieiaia, iaaeaaiaia,
oaao?iciaaoeia i?i nooue oai?/inoi, oai?/o aeoeaiinoue, ?aaeena?nueeo
aeiyeueiinoue, oi?aaeiiiy iaaeaaiai/ieie i?ioeanaie.

O i?ioeani ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoei?th aeei?enoiaoaaeenue
caaaeueiiiaoeiai oa niaoeiaeueii iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy:

— aea/aiiy ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii?, aiia?aoi/ii?, oaao?iciaa/i?
eioa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie aeineiaeaeaiiy;

— aea/aiiy, aiaeic, ocaaaeueiaiiy iaaeaaiai/iiai aeinaiaeo iiaeaioiaee
?aaeena?ia;

— aenia?oia ioeiiea; iiaeaethaaiiy; eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee
aenia?eiaio;

— iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaia a o?e aoaie.

Ia ia?oiio aoaii aeineiaeaeaiiy (1993-1995 ??.) i?iaaaeeeiny aea/aiiy
ineoieiai/ii?, iaaeaaiai/ii?, oaao?iciaa/i? eioa?aoo?e, caeienithaaeanue
?ic?iaea eiioeaioei? aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiy eiinoaooth/iai
aenia?eiaioo, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo.

Ia ae?oaiio aoaii aeineiaeaeaiiy (1995-1997 ??.) aoa i?iaaaeaiee
oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio, cia?aii aiii?e/ii aeaii oa caeieniaia ?o
ia?aeiia ia?iaea.

Ia o?aoueiio aoaii aeineiaeaeaiiy (1997-1999 ??.) aoa caeieniaiee
eieueeiniee oa yeiniee aiaeic, ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoaoia
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, ia?aai?ea oa ooi/iaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue, oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo aeniiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o:

— ?ic?iaoei no?oeoo?e oa neeaaeo oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi, ui
ni?yiiaaia ia noai?aiiy oeieiniiai eiiieaeno oiia, yei iaiaoiaeii aeey
caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia: iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo;

— ?ic?iaoei e?eoa?i?a oa iaoiaeeee ioeiiee oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia;

— ?ic?iaoei iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie i?i ciino oa iaoiaeeeo
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? aeiyeueiinoi ii oi?ioaaiith oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui io?eiaee
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ?ic?iaeaii iaoeith iiaeoiaee aei oi?aaeiiiy
iaaeaaiai/ieie nenoaiaie. O aeena?oaoei? ia i?eeeaaei i?ioanieii?
iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia eiie?aoeciaaii oa ?icaeiaii iieiaeaiiy
i?i iaoo, ciino, caniae oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi, iaa?oioiaaii iiaeoiaee aei ioeiithaaiiy eiai aoaeoeaiinoi.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/aia aiaeiiaiaeiinoth
?ic?iaeaieo iieiaeaiue no/aniiio ?iaith oa oaiaeaioeiyi ?icaeoeo oai?i?
oi?aaeiiiy i iaaeaaiai/ii? iaoee a e?a?ii i ca ei?aeiiii;
iaoiaeieiai/iith iaa?oioiaaiinoth aeo?aeieo iiceoeie; aeei?enoaiiyi
eiiieaeno iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy, ui aca?iiaeiiiaiththoueny;
aaeaeaaoiinoth eiaiee aeineiaeaeaiiy eiai iaoi, i?aaeiaoo oa caaaeaiiyi;
iiaiioi io?eiaieo aeineiaeieoeueeeo iaoa?iaeia; aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo
noaoenoe/ieo iaoiaeia ia?iaee io?eiaieo aeaieo; noaoenoe/ii cia/oueie
ciiiaie a oi?aaeiiii i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia oa eiai ?acoeueoaoao, yei aoee io?eiaii i?ae /an
aeineiaeieoeueei-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe a eieaaeaei eoeueoo?e oa
ienoaoeoa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoei iaoiaeeee
oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia,
o aecia/aii? aeo?aeiiai oa iaiaoiaeiiai ?iaiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia, o ?ic?iaoei iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie uiaei
i?aaiicaoe?? iaa/aeueii? oa iicaiaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiinoi ii oi?ioaaiith
oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

O ioae?eaoe?yo, aeeiiaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a
iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o ?aaeena??a, noai?aii? iaoiaeeee ioe?ithaaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? oeueiai i?ioeano, aaciina?aaei?e i?aai?caoe?? oa
i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeieoeueei-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Aeei?enoaiiy a iianyeaeaiiie i?aeoeoei iaa?oioiaaieo iiaeaeae oi?aaeiiiy
aeicaiey? iiaeaeueoe onaiaeiieaiiy, oeieiniinoue, aeaiie?aoe/iinoue,
aoaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi ea?iaieeia inaioiio caeeaaeia,
yei cae?eniththoue iiaeaioiaeo ?aaeena?ia oa oaoiaoeia iioeo oai?/eo
i?ioanie.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

— oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aai?aiee eiiieaen
iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia;

— /ioe?ueio?iaiaaa iiaeaeue oai?/iai ieneaiiy ?aaeena?a;

— iiaeaeue eiiieaeno ?aaeena?nueeeo caaaeaiue, ui aiaeia?aaeaii a
nenoaii eiio?ieueieo ieoaiue;

— e?eoa?i? ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeany
a oiaei ?o iaaiai?aiiy ia caniaeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaeaaiaiee Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
iaoiaee/ieo naiiia?ao o Eoaainueeiio eieaaeaei eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa,
ia ?anioaeieainueeie eiioa?aioei? “Iiai iaaeaaiai/ii oaoiieiai? a
eiioaenoi no/anieo eiioeaioeie ciinoo inaioe” (Eoaainuee, 1998), ?o
ioaeieaoei? a iaoeiaeo oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo, a oaeiae i?ae
/an ?o aeei?enoaiiy a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani Eoaainueeiai
eieaaeaeo eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoei oaoiieiai? oi?aaeiiiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia, noai?aiii
iaoiaeeee ioe?ithaaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi oeueiai i?ioeano, aaciina?aaeiie
i?aaiicaoei? oa i?iaaaeaiii aeineiaeieoeueei-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

No?oeoo?a e ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
aeaio ?icaeieia, caeeth/ii? /anoeie, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (273
iaeiaioaaiiy) oa o?ueio aeiaeaoeia. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoei? — 216
noi?iiie, o oiio /enei iniiaia /anoeia — 174 noi?iiee. ?iaioa i?noeoue
11 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooii iaa?oioiaaiee aeai? oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoa ??
aeooaeueiinoue, aecia/aii ia‘?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa, aiiioaca, caaaeaiiy
aeineiaeaeaiiy, iiaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea iaoeiai? iiaecie, oai?aoe/iiai i
i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy i?aoei, aecia/aii iniiaii iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a eieaaeaeo eoeueoo?e oa
ienoaoeoa” ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi o
ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/iie iaooei, iniaeeainoi aeiyeueiinoi ?aaeena?a e
oai?aoe/ii iniiae oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

Aiaeic inioth/eo iiaeoiaeia aei aecia/aiiy nooiinoi oai?/i? iniaenoinoi
oa no?oeoo?e ?? yeinoae ye iniaenoinoi (A.I.Ae?oaeeiii,
ss.I.Iiiiia?ueia, A.Ianeio, A.?.Aiae???a, A.I.Aeoiiia, A.Ieao,
Aeae.Aieoi?ae, I.?iaeaea?n, ?.I.Oi??ain oa ii.) aeicaieea a?aecia/eoe,
ui aeey no/aniiai aoaio ?icaeoeo iaoee aeanoeaa iaiaeiinoaei?noue
iiaeyaeia o/aieo ia no?oeoo?o yeinoae oai?/i? iniaenoinoi oa neeaae
iieacieeia, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oie /e iioee aeie oai?/eo yeinoae.

A iaeiiio aeiaaeeo ?icaeyaeathoueny yeinoi, yei caaacia/othoue
aaciina?aaeiie oai?/ee ?acoeueoao. A iioiio aeaeieythoueny aeaa aeiee
oa?aeoa?enoee — yeinoi, ui noai?ththoue oiiae aeey aieueo aoaeoeaii?
oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi, oa yeino?, yei caaacia/othoue aaciina?aaeiie oai?/ee
?acoeueoao.

Aieueoinoue o/aieo iiaee?aneththoue aaaeeeainoue o?ueio iniiaieo
ia?aiao?ia oai?/i? iniaenoinoi — noieei? ni?yiiaaiinoi ia oai?/o
aeoeaiinoue, aenieee ?iaaiue oai?/eo caeiaiinoae oa aenieee ?iaaiue
?icaeoeo aeooiaii? iniaenoinoi.

Aea/aiiy oai?i? ieoaiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui oai?/a
aeoeaiinoue ia? aeai aca?iiiia‘ycaii oi?ie aeyaeaiiy — aioo?ioith oai?/o
aeoeaiinoue ineoiee oa ciaiioith — oai?/o iiaaaeiieo ye iicanoa‘?eoia
aeyaeaiiy aeoeaiinoi ineoiee o aca?iiaei? noa‘?eoa oa ia‘?eoa.

I?iaaaeaiee aiaeic aea? iiaenoaae aecia/eoe oai?/o aeoeaiinoue ye
iioaa?aoeaio iniaeno?nii-aeiyeuei?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ethaeeie, ui
iaoiiaeth? ia?aoai?thth/o ni?yiiaai?noue eiai ?icoiiai? oa i?aeoe/ii?
aeoeaiinoi, ui aaco?oueny ia oai?/eo caeiaiinoyo, aenieiio ?iaii
aeooiaiinoi iniaenoinoi, niaoeiaeueieo ciaiiyo i oai?/i i?i?ioiaaiie
iioeaaoei?.

Aeinyaiooee no/aniith iaoeith ?iaaiue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie nooi oai?/inoi,
no?oeoo?e oai?/i? iniaenoinoi oa ?? oi?ioaaiiy aeicaiey? iinoaaeoe oa
ae?ioeoe i?iaeaio iiaeaethaaiiy iaaeaaiai/ii? nenoaie aeoiaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Aeey oeueiai o?aaa ?icaeyiooe
niaoeeoi/ii iniaeeainoi, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue nooue oai?/i? iniaenoinoi e
aeiyeueiinoi ?aaeena?a.

I?iaaaeaiee o ia?oiio ?icaeiei aiaeic oai?aoe/ieo i?aoeue ?aaeena?ia, ?o
niiaaaeia, aiia?aoi/ieo ia?enia i e?eoe/ieo noaoae i?i ?o oai?/inoue
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui:

— o no?oeoo?i iniaenoinoi ?aaeena?a ? ?yae yeinoae i oa?aeoa?enoee,
niieueieo aeey aieueoinoi ?o i?aaenoaaieeia — aenieee ?iaaiue
e?aaoeaiinoi, ianooaaiinoue iniaenoinoi, aeoi?nueei caeiaiinoi, oyaa,
oaioaciy, ciaiiy oaao?o, oai?i? oa i?aeoeee ?aaeena?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi,
ia?ciai?noue c ?ioeie oaao?aeueieie i?ioan?yie, aiiaoiy,
anioeiaoeaiinoue;

— i?ioanieii cia/oui yeinoi ?aaeena?a, c iaeiiai aieo, aacothoueny ia
i?e?iaeieo caaeaoeao, a c ae?oaiai — ?icaeaathoueny a i?ioeani
i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee oa i?aeoe/ii? aeiyeueiinoi;

— ?acii ?c oei yne?aai i?iyaeythoueny iiaeeaiaeoaeueii caeiaiinoi
eiaeiiai c ?aaeena?ia, ui ciaoiaeeoue aeya o ?iciiio ?iaii ?icaeoeo
ie?aieo yeinoae i no?oeoo? iniaenoinoi, aeiiiiaioiinoi aeayeeo ?c ieo,
i?i?ioaoei? ia ?aoeiiiaeueii-eiai/iee aai iioo?oeaii-iii?iaicaoeieiee
oei aeiyeueiinoi;

— aenieee ?iaaiue aeiyeueiinoi ?aaeena?a caaacia/o?oueny ca ?aooiie
?icaeoeo eiiieaeno caaaeueieo yeinoae i oa?aeoa?enoee, ui iaiaoiaeii
aeey ?aaeena?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi, a oaeiae iaeaieueo iiaii? ?aaeicaoei?
a oeie aeiyeueiinoi eiai iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo caeiaiinoae;

— aeey ieneaiiy ?aaeena?a oa?aeoa?ia ia?aciinoue, i?inoi?iaa ia‘?iiinoue
(i?inoi?iaa aa/aiiy), anioeiaoeaiinoue, oiniee ca‘ycie c i?ioeanaie
aioeoeeiaoei?, ?aeiinoue oai?aoe/iiai i i?aeoe/iiai ieneaiiy;

— ?yae aaaeeeaeo iniaenoeo yeinoae ? oa?aeoa?enoee ? niieueieie aeey
aeiyeueiinoi ?aaeena?nueei? oa iaaeaaiai/ii?.

Iniaeeainoi ienoaoeoaa, aeiiae aei iniaenoinoi ?aaeena?a, ciino eiai
aeiyeueiinoi, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny a ia?oiio ?icaeiei, noai?ththoue
oai?aoe/ii iniiae aeey iiaeaethaaiiy iaaeaaiai/ii? nenoaie iiaeaioiaee
iaeaooiueiai ?aaeena?a. Oaeie nenoaii iiaeiai aooe aeanoeaee ?yae
iniaeeainoae:

— ni?yiiaai?noue ia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia, oeieiniee
?icaeoie iniaenoinoi;

— iaiaoiaeiinoue aiaeai?o aaioo?i?ioia, ui iathoue aiaeiiaiaeii
?aaeena?nueeie aeiyeueiinoi caaeaoee oa i?ioanieio ni?yiiaaiinoue;

— i?i?ioaoeiy ciinoo iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ia ciino i no?oeoo?o
aeiyeueiinoi oaao?aeueiiai ?aaeena?a ye aaciai? aeey anio aeaeia
?aaeena?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi;

— i?i?ioaoeiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano eieaaeaeo ia ?icaeoie
iniiaieo ia?aiao?ia ieneaiiy ?aaeena?a, aeiaaiinoeeo ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi
oeueiai i?ioeano, iiaeeaiaeoaeicaoeith i?ioeano i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee,
oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaioia aeoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei naiai ?icaeoeo;

— ?icaeyae ye iaeiiai c iniiaieo eiiiiiaioia iiaeaioiaee ?aaeena?ia
oi?ioaaiiy o ieo aeoi?nueei? iaenoa?iinoi;

— oiniee ca‘ycie ciinoo iiaeaioiaee ?aaeena?ia c ?icieie aeaeaie
ienoaoeoaa, ?c no/aniith eoeueoo?ith;

— iaiaoiaeiinoue caaacia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee,
c iaeiiai aieo, i oai?/ee oa?aeoa? aeoeaiinoi ?aaeena?a, c iioiai aieo,
ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy oaei? oaoiieiai? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano,
yea aacoaaeany a ye ia aeai?eoiao aeiyeueiinoi, oae i ia aieueieo
oai?/eo i?iyaao iniaenoinoi.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei i?iaiaeiciaaii oaeiae oai?aoe/ii iniiae oi?aaeiiiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. O oai?i? ?
aaaaoi iiaeoiaeia aei oi?aaeiiiy, aea iaeaieueo iiaii aiaeaeaa?
nooiinoue oi?aaeiiiy inaioiiie caeeaaeaie eiioeaioeiy, a yeie oea yaeua
?icaeyaea?oueny /a?ac eaoaai?ith “noai?aiiy oiia”. ?aaeicaoeiy caaaeaiue
aeineiaeaeaiiy aeiaaa? noai?aiiy a ia?oo /a?ao iaaeaaiai/ieo,
ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia.

Oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia ia? ia‘?eoeaio
i?e?iaeo, aea ca iaoaiiciii ?aaeicaoei? oea noa‘?eoeaiee i?ioean. Aiii
iiaea iineoe ia?aaaaeii iioo?oeaiee oa?aeoa? aai nie?aoeny ia oai?aoe/ii
iniiae iaoee. Oi?aaeiiiy ia iniiai iioo?oei? ia caaaeaee i?eaiaeeoue aei
iio?iaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, oiio aeoaea aaaeeeai, aecia/eaoe oai?aoe/ii
iniiae aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeoe e iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeaeue oi?aaeiiiy, yea
aeicaieeea a ae?ioeoe caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei “Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o ?aaeena??a” ?ic?iaeaia
iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia, iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy eaaeiiao?e/iiai
iiaeoiaeo aeey ioeiiee oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi, iiaeaii ciino oa ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ii
oi?aaeiiith i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia.

Aieiaiith neeaaeiaith iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia ? iiaeaeue iaaeaaiai/ii? nenoaie
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi. Ciiaeaeueiaaia nenoaia aaco?oueny ia
aeoeaiie iiceoei? a iie nooaeaioia, noai?aiii neooaoeie, ui aeoiaothoue
oai?/o aeoeaiinoue, i?i?ioaoei? ia oeieinio nenoaio ?aaeena?nueeeo
caaaeaiue, ia iiaeaeue ieneaiiy ?aaeena?a.

Aeey oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia o i?ioeani
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ?o oai?aoe/ia iiaeaioiaea aeiiiaithaaeany
nenoaiith oai?/eo caaaeaiue. Oe? caaaeaiiy ie ?ic??ciyee ca ci?noii
(aiae?c i’?ne, aecia/aiiy iaaecaaaeaiiy aenoaae, ?iciiae?eaiiy ?ieae,
iiaeaethaaiiy i?cainoeai, oi?ioaaiiy aeyaeaoeueeiai ia?aco aenoaae
oiui), ca ni?yiiaai?noth (ia aanue eieaeoea, ui aa?a o/anoue o aenoaa?,
ia a?oie /eai?a eieaeoeao, ia ie?aieo /eai?a eieaeoeao), ca neeaaei?noth
(caaaeaiiy, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue, oai?/?
caaaeaiiy, caaaeaiiy, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue ?ii?ia?caoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue),
ca oa?i?iii aeeiiaiiy oa cia/ou?noth (iia?aoeai?, oaeoe/i?,
no?aoaa?/i?).

Aea?? aeey i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o ?aaeena??a oai?/eo caaaeaiue
cae?enithaaany ia iniia? ?yaeo e?eoa???a. Ia?oee c ieo – e?eoa??e
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? ?aaeena?nueeiai caaaeaiiy (yeith i??ith
ia?aia caaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea? iao?, ui ?? noaaeoue aeeeaaea/ o i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a ? iane?eueee oe? caaaeaiiy a?aeaeaathoue aieiaiee
ci?no ae?yeueiino? ?aaeena?a).

Ae?oaei e?eoa???i, ui aecia/ea aea?? oa eiino?othaaiiy ?aaeena?nueeeo
caaaeaiue, aoea nooi?iue ?o i?iaeaiiino?. I?iaeaii?noue caaaeaiiy
iaoiiaeth?oueny oei, ui aiii noaaeoue ia?aae iaeaooi?i ?aaeena?ii
oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy (i?iaeaie) ??cii? neeaaeiino? o ca’yceo
c io?eiaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ? ieaioaaiiy oa
?aae?caoe?? oeo /e ?ioeo ae?e. Nooi?iue i?iaeaiiino? aeey iaeaooi?o
?aaeena??a oai?/eo caaaeaiue iaoiiaeaia, ii-ia?oa, ia’?eoeaiith
neeaaei?noth aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, ui i?iiiiothoueny, ii-ae?oaa, ??aiai
i?ioan?iiae?cio ae?yeueiino? (??ciee ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? yeinoae,
ciaiue, oi?iue, iaae/ie). A?aooaaiiy oeueiai e?eoa??th aeicaieeei
caaacia/eoe iinooiiaa oneeaaeiaiiy caaaeaiue, ui i?iiiioaaeeny
nooaeaioai aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi.

O?ao?e e?eoa??e – oea oa?aeoa? ci?noo iaa/aeueieo ?aaeena?nueeeo
caaaeaiue. A?i aecia/aany c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?aaeena?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?. Eiiieaenia aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo e?eoa???a
aeicaieeei i?e iiaeaethaaii? iaa/aeueieo ?aaeena?nueeeo caaaeaiue
ioiieoe an? aniaeoe oeueiai aeaeo oai?/i? aeoeaiino?.

Nenoaia oai?/eo caaaeaiue aeey nooaeaio?a neeaaeaeany c eiieo?nia
iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo i?iaeoia iinoaiiaee i‘?ne aai oaao?aeiciaaii? aenoaae,
iinoaiiaee aenoaae, aeeiiaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo caaaeaiue, ui
ia?aaeaa/athoue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno ienoaoeoa, iinoaiiaea
oaao?aeiciaaieo aenoaa o “Oeiei aoeee” oa ii.

Na?aae ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo caaaeaiue, ui i?iiiioaaeeny nooaeaioai, aoee
oae?: i?i/eoaoe ca??eo a??o?a eoaainueei? iiaoane ?.I?n?iee, iienaoe
nai? a?aaeaiiy a?ae ?? a??o?a, i?aeaiooaaoe noeaia??e ? i?iaanoe
aa/??-ii?o?ao iiaoane; i?aeaiooaaoe e?eueea aa??aio?a noeai?/ieo
aothae?a ca ea?oeiaie a?aeiieo ooaeiaeiee?a (ia aea??), aeei?enoiaoth/e
nthaeao ea?oeie ye caa’yceo, eoeuei?iaoe?th, ?ica’yceo; neeanoe ?
iinoaaeoe aothaee ca a??oaie a?aeiieo iiao?a (ia aea??), i?ae?a?aoe aei
aothae?a ioceeo, noai?eoe ane?ce einothi?a; i?aeaiooaaoe ? iinoaaeoe
aothae ca “Ea?oeieaie n aunoaaee” I.Ioni?anueeiai.

Ae?iooaaoe caaaeaiiy ye oai?aoe/ii?, oae i i?aeoe/ii? iiaeaioiaee
aeicaieyea nenoaia ?ic?iaeaieo eiio?ieueieo ieoaiue, yei
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e aea/aii? ?icieo iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeieii. Aiie
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ye iiaeaeue nenoaie ?aaeena?nueeeo caaaeaiue,
i?i?ioiaia iniiaa aeiyeueiinoi, iniiaa aeey eiio?ieth, ioeiiee oa
naiiioeiiee ciaiue. Oey nenoaia aeeth/aea 5 a?oi ieoaiue: aeey aiaeico
i‘?ne; aeey ?ic?iaee caaeoio aenoaae; aeey i?aaiicaoei? ?iaioe c
iinoaiia/ei eieaeoeaii; aeey aiaeico ia?niiaaeia; aeey i?aaiicaoei?
?iaioe c aeoi?ii. Oae, aeey i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe c iinoaiia/ei
eieaeoeaii i?iiiioaaeeny oae? ieoaiiy: ye i?iaanoe i?acaioaoe?th i’?ne
/eaiai eieaeoeao ? noi?ioaaoe iaaia noaaeaiiy aei ia?; ye i?aai?coaaoe
ia?oa iaaiai?aiiy i’?ne aeoi?aie ? noi?ioaaoe oai?/ee caaeoi eieaeoeao;
/e ni?aiaaea? ia?oa a?aaeaiiy ?aaeena?a i?i i’?no c a?aaeaiiyie ?ioeo
/eai?a eieaeoeao; ye noi?ioethaaoe caaaeaiiy ooaeiaeieeo aeey noai?aiiy
ioi?ieaiiy aenoaae; ye aeaoe caaaeaiiy eiiiiceoi?o aai caoei?aaeena?o
uiaei i?aeaioiaee ioceee aei aenoaae; ye? i?cainoeaie aeathoue ciiao
?ice?eoe aeeaeii? ineoieia?/i? noinoiee i?ae aa?iyie; ye e?aua caienaoe
i?cainoeaio; ye ?aaeena?nueeo i?cainoeaio ia?aoai?eoe ia aeoi?nueeo; ye
caaacia/eoe ocaiaeaeai?noue an?o aeaiaio?a aenoaae. Aeey aiae?co
ia?niiaaeo i?iiiioaaeeny oae? ieoaiiy: ca?aaee /iai aei i’?ne aaaaeaii
aeaiee ia?niiaae, yea eiai iaaecaaaeaiiy; ye? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oa oeiia?
?ene i?eoaiaii? oeueiio ia?niiaaeo; ye? ciai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee aa?iy
a?aeaeaathoue eiai aioo??oith nooi?noue, a ye? ia iia’ycai? c iath; ui
yaey? niaith aeeooy aa?iy iica ?aieaie i’?ne – ye a?i ieneeoue, ye a?i
ae??; yeei ? i?aeoaeno ?ie? – ye? aaaeaiiy, iano?i?, aeoiee i?eoiaai? ca
neiaaie ia?niiaaeo oiui.

Iaoiaeeea ?iaioe c eiio?ieueieie ieoaiiyie aoea ?iciith. A iaeiiio
aeiaaeeo aeeeaaea/ iiaeaaaa iioi?iaoeith, yea aeicaieyea aiaeiiainoe ia
oa /e iioa ieoaiiy, a iioiio — aeiinea ieoaiiy ia eieaeoeaia
iaaiai?aiiy, o o?aoueiio — aeaaaa ieoaiiy aeey iiaeeaiaeoaeueii?,
naiinoieii? ?iaioe, o /aoaa?oiio — ia?aai?ya yeinoue canai?iiy ciaiue oa
oiiiue, o i‘yoiio — i?iiiioaaa aeei?enoiaoaaoe ieoaiiy i?ae /an
iiaeaioiaee aei inieoo, o oinoiio — caa?oaany aei nooaeaio?a c ieoaiiyi
o oiaei iinoaiiaee niaeoaeeth aai oaao?aeiciaaii? aenoaae, o nueiiiio —
aeei?enoiaoaaa ieoaiiy aeey aiaeico niaeoaeeth, yeee iiaa/eee.

O oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeaioiaea aeeeaaea/ia aei oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia i?iaaaeeeany ca /ioe?ia iai?yieaie.
Ia?oee iieyaaa o ?icaeoeo ni?yiiaaiino? aeeeaaea/ia ia oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Oea caaaeaiiy aoei ?aaeiciaaia
ca aeiiiiiaith i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeaaiai/ieo /eoaiue c i?iaeaie nooi oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi, iaaiai?aiiy c aeeeaaea/aie eaaeioieaoeieii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?aaeena?a.

Ae?oaee iai?yiie iieyaaa o oi?ioaaiii i?i?ioiaii? iniiae aeiyeueiinoi
aeeeaaea/ia. Aii aoa ?aaeiciaaiee ca aeiiiiiaith iciaeiieaiiy
aeeeaaea/ia c iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoeiyie ii oi?ioaaiith oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia i eiio?ieueieie ieoaiiyie, ui
ia?aaeaa/athoue iaieiaeiiiy nooaeaioaie aioo?ioiii oa ciaiioiii
aeai?eoiii ?aaeena?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi.

O?aoie iai?yiie caaacia/oaaa eii?aeeiaoeith iianyeaeaiii? aeiyeueiinoi
aeeeaaea/ia. Aiia caeienithaaeany ia iniiai aeiaaiinoeee iioi/ieo
?acoeueoaoia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia.

*aoaa?oee iai?yiie caaacia/oaaa aeeth/aiiy aeeeaaea/ia o i?ioean
?icaeoeo iaaeaaiai/ii? nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia. Aeoiaeiei iiiaioii aeey oeueiai aoea iiaenoieiaa ioeiiea
?acoeueoaoia ooieoeiiioaaiiy nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoaoia niieueii? ?iaioe
aeicaieeei i?eeiaoe ?ioaiiy i?i aianaiiy ciii aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano.

Ioeiiea ciii a iniaenoinoi oa aeiyeueiinoi iaeaooiueiai ?aaeena?a,
eii?aeeiaoeiy aeiyeueiinoi aeeeaaea/ia eieaaeaeo, oi?ioaaiiy ?o
oeiiiinii-i?i?ioaoeieii? ?aeiinoi caeienithaaeenue ia iniiai ?ic?iaeaii?
/ioe?ueio?iaiaai? iiaeaei ieneaiiy ?aaeena?a. Oey iiaeaeue ciaeoea
aiaeaeooy a nieneo ieoaiue aeey aeeeaaea/a (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1.

Nienie ieoaiue aeey aeeeaaea/a

??aaiueCi?no caieoaiuesse?noueIniaeno?niee

?aoeaeneaiee

I?aaeiaoiee

Iia?aoe?eiee1. Iiyniaiiy iaaaea/:

— aeanieie iaaeie?eaie;

— ia`?eoeaieie ianoaaeiaie;

— aeiaaeeiaeie i?e/eiaie.

2. Ioe?iea nai?o iiaeeeainoae o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie

3. I???ioaoe?y a naiiioe?ieao ? noaeaeaiiyo c iaoa??aeaie ?aaeena?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?.

4. Oa?aeoa? noaaeaiiy aei ?aaeena?nueeeo caaaeaiiue.

5. Oi?iiy aiineoe a naith ae?yeuei?noue ci?ie c o?aooaaiiyi iiieeie.

6. Oi?iiy aiae?coaaoe i?e/eie nai?o oni?o?a oa iaaaea/.

7. Oi?iiy ci?ithaaoe naith oi/eo ci?o, yeui aiia iaaeinoaoiuei
iaa?oioiaaia.

8. Oi?iiy i?iaeoeoeaii i?aoethaaoe o aaaeeeo neooaoe?yo.

9. Iane?eueee aeeaiei aiae?co?oueny i`?na, aiioa, aeeooy, iniaeeaino?
aaoi?a.

10. Oi?iiy o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ?aaeena?nueeiai caaaeaiiy nie?aoeny ia
ciaiiy, ye? ?.

11. Oi?iiy iiaeaethaaoe ??ci? niiniae ae??oaiiy ?aaeena?nueeeo
caaaeaiue.

12. Oi?iiy aeio?aeeeai iiynieoe o/anieeai aenoaae ?? caaeoie, eieaeoeai?
oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? caaaeaiiy ae?yeueiino?.

13. Iayai?noue aeaniiai aa/aiiy, iiaeo ??oaiue o iinoaiiaoe?
oaao?aeueii? aenoaae.

14. Aieiae?iiy caaaeueiei aeai?eoiii ?aaeena?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, yeee
caeeaaeaiee o eiio?ieueieo caieoaiiyo.

15. Ai?iiy ?aae?coaaoe caaeoi aenoaae aei e?ioey.

16. Ianya aaoiiaoeciaaieo ae?e. E?eoe/i?noue ieneaiiy

Ia`?eoeai?noue ieneaiiy

Naiino?ei?noue ieneaiiy

Aiioe?eia caaa?aeaiiy ieneaiiy

Naiiiaa/aiiy

Aiae?oe/i?noue ieneaiiy

Aio/e?noue ieneaiiy

I?aai?ciaai?noue

ieneaiiy

Aeeaeia, iaa?oioiaa-i?noue ieneaiiy

?ioi?iaoe?eia ?ie?noue ieneaiiy

Eiino?oeoeai?noue ieneaiiy

Aeeaeia, iaa?oioiaai?noue, eia?/i?noue ieneaiiy

I?ea?iaeuei?noue ieneaiiy

Aeenoeeie?iiaai?noue ieneaiiy

“Aia?aaoe/ia” neea ieneaiiy

Oaoiieia?/i?noue, aeiiiii?noue ieneaiiyOaea ?iaioa c aeeeaaea/aie
aeicaieyea caaacia/eoe noai?aiiy ineoieiai/ieo oa i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

Iaa?oioiaaia a oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeaeue iaaeaaiai/ieo,
ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia aoea iieeaaeaia a

iniiao ?ic?iaee nenoaie e?eoa?i?a ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiiiy oeei
i?ioeanii. sse i?ioeaaeo?a ioeiithaaiiy aoa aeei?enoaiee eaaeiiao?e/iee
iiaeoiae, yeee aeicaieea aeaoe eieueeinia ae?aaeaiiy yeinoi oi?aaeiiiy.

?iaaiue noi?iiaaiiinoi iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo
oiia ?icaeyaeaany ye iniiaiee iieaciee aoaeoeaiinoi nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.
?acoeueoaoeaiinoue iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ioeiithaaeanue ia
iniiai aiaeico ?iaiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. C oei?th
iaoith aeei?enoiaoaaeanue ?ic?iaeaia ia iniiai /ioe?ueio?iaiaai? iiaeaei
ieneaiiy oaeoi?ii-e?eoa?iaeueia iiaeaeue ioe?ithaaiiy ?iaiy ieneaiiy.
Aiia aeicaieeea ioeiieoe ye aioo?ioii — ineoi/ii, oae i ciaiioii —
iiaaaeiieiai i?iyae oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia, ai ui
aeniiaee i?i aioo?ioith — ineoi/io aeoeaiinoue iniaenoinoi iiaeia
c?iaeoe oieueee ia iiaenoaai aiaeico i?iya?a ciaiioiuei? — iiaaaeiieiai?
aeoeaiinoi.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo iieacaee, ui i?e?iuaiiy a aenia?oiie ioeiioei
iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo oa i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi iiney aenia?eiaioo
ii??aiyii c aeoiaeiei ?iaiai nooo?ai ia iaeiii?ioeaioiiio ?iaii
cia/ouinoi (?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy t-e?eoa?iy Nouethaeaioa — 8,58; ieaei?
e?eoe/ia — 3,17). O eiio?ieueieo a?oiao aiaeiiaiaeii ciiie iacia/oui.

I?e?ino cia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai iieacieea yeinoi oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia a aenia?eiaioaeueieo
a?oiao (oaae.2) cia/eiee i?e =0,01 (?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy t-e?eoa?iy —
357, 877, ieaei? e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy — 9,93), a a eiio?ieueieo a?oiao
iacia/ouee.

Iiceoeaii ciiie a ?iaii noi?iiaaiinoi oai?/iai ieneaiiy nooaeaioia
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi, yei aiaeaoeeny a ?acoeueoaoi oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo, oaeiae nooo?ai ia 1%-io ?iaii cia/ouinoi (?ic?aooieiaa
cia/aiiy t= -7,00, ieaei? e?eoe/ia — -2,95).

Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo naiae/aoue i?i
aoaeoeaiinoue ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy, yea aeicaieeea caaacia/eoe
i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

O caeeth/iie /anoeii aecia/aii iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy.

1. Aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy coiiaeaia aaaeeeainoth oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi aeey aeiyeueiinoi ?aaeena?a, a oaeiae iaaeinoaoiueith
i?aeoe/iith ?ic?iaeaiinoth oa neaaeith oai?aoe/iith iaa?oioiaaiinoth
i?ioeano ?? oi?ioaaiiy a nooaeaionueei ?iee.

Oaaeeoey 2.

Cia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai iieacieea yeino? oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii

oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o ?aaeena??a

A?oie oiiaCia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai iieacieea yeino?aenia?eiaioaeueia
a?oiaEiio?ieueia a?oiaaei aenia?eiaiooi?ney aenia?eiaiooaei
aenia?eiaiooi?ney aenia?eiaioo1. Iaaeaaia?/i?0,2880,8280,2880,3242.
Ineoieia?/i?0,2480,8000,2480,2483. I?aai?caoe?ei?0,2520,8000,2520,252

Oai?/a aeoeaiinoue iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia ? ?acoeueoaoii aeiyeueiinoi
aaaaoueio aeeeaaea/ia, naieo nooaeaioia, aca?iiaei? noa‘?eoeaieo oa
ia‘?eoeaieo oaeoi?ia, oiio aeey caaacia/aiiy ?? oi?ioaaiiy iaiaoiaeia
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?aaeiiiy oeei i?ioeanii. Oeae aniaeo
iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia i?aeoe/ii ia aeineiaeaeoaaany.

2. O oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Aieiaiei ??
eiiiiiaioii ? iiaeaeue iaaeaaiai/ii? nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi. Aeey oei?? nenoaie oa?aeoa?ii: a?aooaaiiy no/anieo
oaiaeaioeie ?icaeoeo inaioe, oinia ?aeiinoue c iioeie eaieaie
iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia, aeei?enoaiiy ienoaoeoaa ye iniiaiiai
caniao oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia, aeoeaia
iiceoeiy a iie nooaeaioia, noai?aiiy neooaoeie, yei aeoiaothoue oai?/o
aeoeaiinoue, i?i?ioaoeiy ia oeieinio nenoaio ?aaeena?nueeeo caaaeaiue,
aiaeia?aaeaio a eiio?ieueieo ieoaiiyo, ia iiaeaeue ieneaiiy ?aaeena?a,
oeieiniinoue iaa/aeueii? oa iicaiaa/aeueii? aeiyeueiinoi nooaeaioia.

3. I?ae /an aeineiaeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aaeicaoeiy ?ic?iaeaii?
iiaeaei oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi ?aaeena?ia ia?aaeaa/a? oi?ioaaiiy
a iaaeaaiai/iiio eieaeoeai niieueii? iiceoei? a ?icoiiiii nooi oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi, ni?yiiaaiinoi aeiyeueiinoi ia ?? oi?ioaaiiy, ?aeiinoi a
?icoiiiii oai?aoe/ieo iniia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi, ciinoo, oi?i
oa iaoiaeia ?? ?icaeoeo, i?i?ioaoei? ia ioeiieo nai?? aeiyeueiinoi ca
eiioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii — ?iaiai oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia; noai?aiiy
iioeiaeueiiai ii?aeueii-ineoieiai/iiai eeiiaoo; ?ica’ycaiiy ?yaeo
i?aaiicaoeieieo ieoaiue, iia‘ycaieo c? noai?aiiyi i iioe?aiiyi
iaoiaee/ieo iaoa?iaeia, eii?aeeiaoeieiith ?iaioith, iiioeithaaiiyi
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?aae, i?aaiicaoei?th aeiaaiinoeee aoaeoeaiinoi ?ic?iaeaii?
nenoaie, ?iaiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia.

4. Iaa?oioiaaia a oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeaeue iaaeaaiai/ieo,
ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia aoea iieeaaeaia a iniiao ?ic?iaee nenoaie e?eoa?i?a
ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiiiy oeei i?ioeanii. sse i?ioeaaeo?a
ioeiithaaiiy aoa aeei?enoaiee eaaeiiao?e/iee iiaeoiae, yeee aeicaieea
aeaoe eieueeiniee ae?ac yeinoi oi?aaeiiiy.

Oaeoi?ii-e?eoa?iaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy, yea aeei?enoiaothoue o
eaaeiiao?e/iiio iiaeoiaei, aea? iiaeeeainoue ae?ioeoe ia oieueee
/anoeiaa caaaeaiiy aeii?thaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, aea e aieueo ianooaaia
caaaeaiiy caaacia/aiiy oeieueiaiai oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueieie i?ioeanaie.
Oeae aoaeo aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie iiaeeeainoi niiaaiaeiineoe
?acoeueoao oi?aaeiiiy c eiai iaoith, ia?ai?i?ioaoei? iaaeaaiaia c
ooieoeiiiaeueieo ia yeinii (ineoieiai/ii) ?acoeueoaoe aeiyeueiinoi,
noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoi aeey eieueeiniiai iaeieo i ii?iaiyiiy aeaieo i?i
?acoeueoao oi?aaeiiiy, iiaeaeuaiiy iaoeiainoi i?eeiyooy oi?aaeiinueeeo
?ioaiue ia iniiai caoieniaaii? iioi?iaoei?, o?ainoi?ioaaiiy iaoe
oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi a iaoo iaaeaaiai/ii? aeiyeueiinoi, iaoe
iaaeaaiai/ii? aeiyeueiinoi a iaoo oi?aaeiiiy, iaeneiaeueii
eiie?aoeciaaieo caaaeyee i?ioeaaeo?ai aeaeiiiiceoei?, aianaiiy aei
i?ioeano oi?aaeiiiy aeaiaioia oaoiieiai?.

5. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?iaaiue noi?iiaaiinoi iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo,
i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye iniiaiee iieaciee
aoaeoeaiinoi nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Aea i?i aoaeoeaiinoue iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano e oi?aaeiiiy iei naiae/eoue i ?iaaiue oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Aeey eiai aeii?o o aeineiaeaeaii?
aeei?enoiaoaaeanue ?ic?iaeaia ia iniiai /ioe?ueio?iaiaai? iiaeaei
ieneaiiy oaeoi?ii-e?eoa?iaeueia iiaeaeue ioeiithaaiiy ?iaiy oai?/iai
ieneaiiy nooaeaioia. Aiia aeicaieeea ioeiieoe ye aioo?ioi?e — ineoi/iee,
oae i ciaiioi?e — iiaaaeiieiaee i?iya oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio
?aaeena?ia, oiio ui aeniiaee i?i aioo?ioith — ineoi/io aeoeaiinoue
iniaenoinoi iiaeia c?iaeoe oieueee ia iniiai aiaeico i?iyao ciaiioiuei?
— iiaaaeiieiai? aeoeaiinoi.

6. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iiaeaeueoe aoaeoeaiinoue oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia iiaeia ca oiia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai oi?aaeiiiy
oeei i?ioeanii, eiai ni?yiiaaiino? ia noai?aiiy niaoeeoi/ieo
iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo, i?aaiicaoeieieo oiia.

?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo naiae/aoue i?i aoaeoeaiinoue
?ic?iaeaii? iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Eaaeiiao?e/iee iiaeoiae aeicaieea c aeinoaoiii
nooiaiai ia‘?eoeaiinoi ioeiieoe ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe,
yei naiae/aoue i?i oa, ui a oi?aaeiiii i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia noaeeny nooo?ai i?ia?aneaii ciiie.

I?iaaaeaia iaie aeineiaeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? anio aniaeoia oei?? i?iaeaie.
Ia iao iiaeyae, aeae? aeioeieueii aeineiaeaeoaaoe ye aieueo caaaeueii
ieoaiiy — oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia, oae i
aieueo /anoeia? — oi?aaeiiiy aeiyeueiinoth ie?aieo aeeeaaea/ia,
oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo eiiiiiaioia aeiyeueiinoi
iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? aiaeaeoi a ianooiieo ioaeieaoeiyo:

1. Iineaethe A.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieiai? oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo yeinoae
iniaenoinoi ?aaeena?a-iaaeaaiaa //Iiai iaaeaaiai/ii oaoiieiai? a
eiioaenoi no/anieo eiioeaioeie ciinoo inaioe. Anaoe?a?inueea
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia eiioa?aioeiy 17-18 aa?aciy 1998 ?. — Eoaainuee, 1998.
— N.201-202.

2. Iineaethe A.I., O?eeia ?.I. Oai?aoe/ii iniiae iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia-iaaeaaiaia
//Iioi?iaoeieiee ainiee Aeaaeaii? iaoe aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie. Aeiaeaoie
aei aeioneo N 17. — Ee?a, 1998. — N.77-81. (Aaoi?nueea o/anoue — 0,3
ae?. a?e., aecia/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino?)

3. Iineaethe A.I. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo eiio?ieueieo caieoaiue o
oi?ioaaiii oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia-iaaeaaiaia
//Oai?/inoue: iaeaae i i?eioeeie iaaeaaiai/ii? aeiyeueiinoi. —
Ee?a-Caii?iaeaey, 1998. — N.148-151.

4. Iineaethe A.I. Oeiea yoeee e aa ?ieue a oi?ie?iaaiee oai?/aneie
aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia eieeaaeaea eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa //Oi?ie?iaaiea
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia eieeaaeaea eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa:
Iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea. – Eoaainuee.: Eieaeeiaee na?o, 1999. – N.

5. Iineaethe A.I, Naaa?eia A.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea nenoaiu oai?/aneeo
caaeaiee aeey nooaeaioia ?aaeenna?neie niaoeeaeecaoeee eieeaaeaea
eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa //Oi?ie?iaaiea oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia
eieeaaeaea eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa: Iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea. – Eoaainuee.:
Eieaeeiaee na?o, 1999. – N. (Aaoi?neay /anoue — i. no?.,
?ac?aaioea i?aeoe/aneeo oai?/aneeo caaeaiee ia o?ieao ?aaeenno?u e
ianoa?noaa aeoa?a aeey nooaeaioia eieeaaeaea eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa)

6. Iineaethe A.I, //Ina?oa ia Eoaaiuei? – Eoaainuee, 1999.
– N.56-58.

Iineaethe A.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi nooaeaioia o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani eieaaeaeo eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai?iy oa inoi?iy iaaeaaiaiee.
(Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaiai/iee oiiaa?neoao iiaii Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea. — Eoaainuee, 1999 ?.).

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oi?aaeiiiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a i ciino
oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi, ni?yiiaaii? ia noai?aiiy oeieiniiai
eiiieaeno oiia, yei iaiaoiaeii aeey caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi iaeaooiio ?aaeena?ia: iaaeaaiai/ieo, ineoieiai/ieo,
i?aaiicaoeieieo.

Eeth/iai neiaa: oai?/a aeoeaiinoue, eaaeiiao?e/iee iiaeoiae, oi?aaeiiiy
oi?ioaaiiyi oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi, oiiae oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiinoi.

Iineaethe A.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia a
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiii i?ioeanna eieeaaeaea eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.
(Eoaaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana
Oaa/aiei. — Eoaaine, 1999 a.)

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia.

A ia?aie aeaaa ?anniio?aiu i?iaeaia oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe a
ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneie iaoea, iniaaiiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe ?aaeenna?a e
oai?aoe/aneea iniiau oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneie
aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia.

Oai?aoe/aneia iniuneaiea e aiaeec enneaaeoaiie i?iaeaiu aeaee
aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeeoue oai?/aneoth aeoeaiinoue eae eioaa?aoeaioth
ee/iinoii-aeayoaeueiinoioth oa?aeoa?enoeeo /aeiaaea, iaoneaaeeaathuoth
i?aia?acothuoth niceaeaoaeueioth iai?aaeaiiinoue aai iuneeoaeueiie e
i?aeoe/aneie aeoeaiinoe, aace?othuothny ia oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoyo,
aunieii o?iaia aeooiaiinoe ee/iinoe, niaoeeaeueiuo ciaieyo e oai?/anee
i?eaioe?iaaiiie iioeaaoeee.

I?aaenoaaeaiiue a aeaaa aiaeec oeeinioneie, ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneie,
oaao?iaaae/aneie eeoa?aoo?u, oai?aoe/aneeo ?aaio auaeathueony
?aaeenna?ia, eo ainiiieiaiee, aeia?aoe/aneeo i/a?eia e e?eoe/aneeo
noaoae ia eo oai?/anoaa iicaieee naeaeaoue caeeth/aiea i oii, /oi
i?ioanneiiaeueii cia/eiua ea/anoaa ?aaeenna?a, n iaeiie noi?iiu,
aace?othony ia i?e?iaeiuo caaeaoeao, a, n ae?oaie noi?iiu, ?acaeaathony
a i?ioeanna i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee e i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Aunieee o?iaaiue aeayoaeueiinoe ?aaeenna?a iaania/eaaaony ca n/ao
?acaeoey eiiieaena iaueo ea/anoa e oa?aeoa?enoee, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey
?aaeenna?neie aeayoaeueiinoe, a oaeaea iaeaieaa iieiie ?aaeecaoeee a
yoie aeayoaeueiinoe aai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae.

Iniaaiiinoe eneonnoaa, o?aaiaaiey e ee/iinoe ?aaeenna?a, niaea?aeaiea
aai aeayoaeueiinoe, ?anniio?aiiua a ia?aie aeaaa, auee eniieueciaaiu a
ea/anoaa oai?aoe/aneie iniiau aeey iiaeaee?iaaiey iaaeaaiae/aneie
nenoaiu iiaeaioiaee aoaeouaai ?aaeenna?a.

A ia?aie aeaaa i?iaiaeece?iaaiu oaeaea oai?aoe/aneea iniiau oi?aaeaiey
i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia. Ec
iiiai/eneaiiuo iiaeoiaeia e oi?aaeaieth, nouanoaothueo a oai?ee,
iaeaieaa iieii io?aaeaao nouiinoue oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaoaeueiuie
o/?aaeaeaieyie eiioeaioeey, a eioi?ie nouiinoue aeaiiiai yaeaiey
?anniao?eaaaony /a?ac eaoaai?eth «nicaeaiea oneiaee». ?aaeecaoeey caaea/
enneaaeiaaiey i?aaeiieaaaao nicaeaiea a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue
iaaeaaiae/aneeo, ineoieiae/aneeo e i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oneiaee.
?ac?aaioaiiay iiaeaeue oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneie
aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia iniiauaaeanue eiaiii ia yoeo o?ao
a?oiiao oneiaee.

Yoa iiaeaeue i?aaenoaaeaia ai aoi?ie aeaaa. Aeaaiie aa ninoaaeythuae
yaeyaony iiaeaeue iaaeaaiae/aneie nenoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneie
aeoeaiinoe. Aeey aeaiiie nenoaiu oa?aeoa?ia aeoeaiay iiceoeey a iae
nooaeaioia, nicaeaiea ainieouaathueo oai?/aneoth aeoeaiinoue neooaoeee,
i?eaioaoeey ia oeaeinoioth nenoaio ?aaeenna?neeo caaea/, io?aaeaiioth a
eiio?ieueiuo aii?inao, ia iiaeaeue iuoeaiey ?aaeenna?a.

?aaeecaoeey ?ac?aaioaiiie iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey oi?ie?iaaieai oai?/aneie
aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia i?aaeiieaaaea oi?ie?iaaiea a
iaaeaaiae/aneii eieeaeoeaa iauiinoe iiceoeee a iiieiaiee nouiinoe
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe, iai?aaeaiiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe ia oi?ie?iaaiea
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia, aaeeinoaa a iiieiaiee oai?aoe/aneeo
iniia oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe, niaea?aeaiey, oi?i e iaoiaeia
aa ?acaeoey, i?eaioaoeee ia ioeaieo naiae aeayoaeueiinoe ii eiia/iiio
?acoeueoaoo — o?iaith oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia, iioeiaeueiiai
ii?aeueii-ineoieiae/aneiai eeeiaoa, ?aoaiea ?yaea i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo
aii?inia.

Ai aoi?ie aeaaa i?aaenoaaeaiu oaeaea ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiie
i?iaa?ee ?ac?aaioaiiie iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia. A ea/anoaa iieacaoaeae aa
yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaeenue o?iaaiue noi?ie?iaaiiinoe
iaaeaaiae/aneeo, ineoieiae/aneeo, i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oneiaee e o?iaaiue
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia. N yoie oeaeueth
i?eiaiyeenue oaeoi?ii-e?eoa?eaeueiua iiaeaee ioeaieaaiey yoeo yaeaiee. A
ea/anoaa i?ioeaaeo?u ioeaieaaiey aue eniieueciaai eaaeeiao?e/aneee
iiaeoiae, iicaieythuee aeaoue eiee/anoaaiiia au?aaeaiea ea/anoao
oi?aaeaiey.

?acoeueoaou oi?ie?othuaai yenia?eiaioa naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia
yooaeoeaiinoe ?ac?aaioaiiie iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia. I?e?ino cia/aiey
eiiieaeniiai iieacaoaey ea/anoaa oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo ?aaeenna?ia a yenia?eiaioaeueiuo a?oiiao
cia/ei i?e =0,01 (?an/aoiia cia/aiea t-e?eoa?ey -357,877, ieaeiaa
e?eoe/aneia cia/aiea -9,93), a a eiio?ieueiuo a?oiiao iacia/ei.
Iieiaeeoaeueiua eciaiaiey a o?iaia noi?ie?iaaiiinoe oai?/aneiai iuoeaiey
nooaeaioia yenia?eiaioaeueiuo a?oii, i?iecioaaeoea a ?acoeueoaoa
oi?ie?othuaai yenia?eiaioa, oaeaea nouanoaaiiu ia 1%-iii o?iaia
cia/eiinoe (?an/aoiia cia/aiea t=-7,00, ieaeiaa e?eoe/aneia — -2,95).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oai?/aneay aeoeaiinoue, eaaeeiao?e/aneee iiaeoiae,
oi?aaeaiea oi?ie?iaaieai oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe, oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe.

Moskaluk V.M. Forming the creative initiative in teaching end
educational process in the culture and college. – manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of pedagogical science by specialty
13.00.01-theory and history of Pedagogy. (Lugansk State Pedagogical
University named after Taras Shevtchenko.- Lugansk,1999).

This thesis is devoted to the questions of management of the process of
forming the creative initiative of future producers. The author
elaborated the structure and the content of managing activity, directed
to forming the integral complex of conditions which are necessary for
guaranteeing the process of forming the creative activity of the future
producers: pedagogical, psychological and organizational.

Key words: creative initiative, qualimetrical approach, management of
forming the creative initiative, conditions of forming the creative
initiative.

Похожие записи