13

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee

IIEssEIAA IEUeAA IEOAEE?AIA

OAeE 370.67.+371.126.1.

OI?IOAAIIss OAI?*I? AEOEAIINO? IAEAOOI?O O*EOAE?A O I?IOeAN?
?ICA’ssCAIIss IAAeAAIA?*IEO CAAeA*

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyeaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo??i.
A.N. Iaea?aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eaca??a
Ieeiea Inoaiiae/, Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo ?i. A.N.
Iaea?aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie ?aaeieeiia A?eoi? ?aaiiae/ Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee,caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy oa aeioe?eueiiai
aeoiaaiiy;eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioIaai?iee TH??e
Ieeieaeiae/,Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eoeueoo?e, eaoaae?a
nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo ?i.
A.A. Ei?ieaiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,i. Iieoaaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «24» eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i «10e» aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.04 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee ca
aae?anith: 61168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2, aoae. 221.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee (61168, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «24» aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Cieiooo?ia N.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia ii?ic? o?aoueiai oeny/ie?ooy ?ic?iaea
i?iaeai oai?/ino? iaaoaa? iniaeeai? cia/ouino? oa aino?ioe. A oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo ethaenoaa aei iino?iaeono??aeueii? oeea?e?caoe?? nooo?ai
c?inoa? ?ieue oai?/ino? a nioe?aeueiiio ?icaeoeo. Aiia ana a?eueoith
i??ith noa? iaeaaaeeea?oei /eiieeii noni?eueiiai i?ia?ano.

No/ania aeua iaaeaaia?/ia oeiea Oe?a?ie o i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoaey iiai?
oi?iaoe?? i?aaia caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee oao?aoey, caeaoiiai aei
iino?eiiai aeooiaiiai naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, aeoeaii? iaaeaaia?/ii?
oai?/ino? ye iniiae caaaa/aiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai
iioaioe?aeo iaoe??. Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
noa? iaeiei ?c oaeoi??a i?aeianaiiy aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo, anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeie, i?aee?oea, thiaea ye oe?e?nii?
iniaenoino?, noaiiaeaiiy cae?aiinoae ? oaeaioo thieo a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie.

I?iaeaia oai?/ino? ? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae aea/aeany aaaaoueia iaoeiaoeyie
(Aeae. A?eoi?ae, A. Ianeio, O. Aiaea?nii, A. Aiae???a, A. A?aea?, A.
A?ooe?inueeee, N. Aieueaeaio??oo, I. Iaothoe?i, ss. Iiiiia?aa oa ?io.).
?acoeueoaoii ?o aaaaoi??/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noaee aeniiaee, ui
oai?/?noue ia ? iniaeeaei aea?oaaiiyi aeey ia?aieo, aiia, iaaiaee, ?
aeanoea?noth, yea ?iciiae?eaia i?ae on?i ethaenoaii a a?eueo?e /e iaio?e
i???; a oai?/a ieneaiiy ii/eia? i?aoethaaoe o aoaeue-yei? ii?iaeueii?
ethaeeie, eiee naia aeeooy, i?aeoeea ia?aaeathoue ?? ia ye?nue
o?oaeiiu?, ia?aiiie, ui aenooiathoue o aeaeyae? a?eueo /e iaio neeaaeieo
caaea/.

Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy nueiaiaeaiiy iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei ia?aoiaeo
a?ae ?ic?iaee caaaeueii? oai??? oai?/ino? aei ciaoiaeaeaiiy oeyo?a
iaa/aiiy oai?/?e ae?yeueiino?. Aea a nai?e i?iaeai? iaa/aiiy oai?/ino?
caeeaaeaia aioo??oiy noia?a/i?noue. Oaiiiai oai?/ino? ia?aaeaa/a?
noai?aiiy ye?nii iiaiai, yea ?ai?oa ia ?nioaaei. Oiio ia iiaeia iaa/eoe
oiio, ui ia noai?aii, aea iiaeia iaa/eoe iaoai?ciai eiai oai?aiiy,
noi?ioaaoe cae?aiino? aei oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?, ?? ?oo?ei? iioeae.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (Ae. Aiaiyaeainueea, E.
Aeaionueeee, A. AEoaaiia, A. Eai-Eaeee, I. Ee?eeiaa, A. E?a?anueeee, TH.
Eoethoe?i, I. Eaca??a, A. Eiciaa, ?. I?caiia, A. Iao?ianueeee, A.
Niaa?i, I. Nouaiei, I. Oaa/aiei oa ?io.) aeathoue iai ??oioiaio
i?aenoaao aaaaeaoe: aecia/aeueiith ye?noth oai?/i? iniaenoino? ? ??
oai?/a aeoeai?noue, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ?ioaa?aoeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea
iniaenoino?, a ye?e, c iaeiiai aieo, a?aeia?aaeai? iia? aeeaie?
ooai?aiiy o no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? (oai?/? iio?aae, iioeae, aeiiaaaiiy),
a, c ae?oaiai, — ciaoiaeyoue na?e ae?ac ye?ni? ci?ie a ae?yeueiino?, ui
noa? a?eueo oe?eani?yiiaaiith, iiooaeiith, i?iaeoeoeaiith.
Aeine?aeaeoth/e oai?/o aeoeai?noue o/eoaey ye i?ia?aeio oa?aeoa?enoeeo
iaaeaaiaa-i?ioan?iiaea, iaoeiaoe? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?
Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo cai?iiiioaaee aeae?eeoe aeaa
iniiaieo eiiiiiaioe ?icaeoeo oai?/i? aeoeaiino? — oi?ioaaiiy
i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? iioeaaoe?? oa oai?/eo cae?aiinoae aei iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?. Oai?/? cae?aiino? aei ?aaeueii? ? aaaaoia?aiii?
iaaeaaia?/ii? ?iaioe ? ooiaeaiaioii oai?/i? aeoeaiino? a/eoaey.
Iioeaaoe?eia ni?yiiaai?noue ia iaieiae?iiy iiaeie niiniaaie i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, ia noai?aiiy iiaeo, a?eueo aeineiiaeeo yeinoae ye a/eoaey,
oae ? eiai o/i?a yaey? niaith ioneiaee iaoai?ci aeeth/aiiy cae?aiinoae,
oi?iue, iaae/ie o i?ioean iaaii? iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino? ??cieo ??ai?a.

Oae?e i?aeo?ae ni?ey? aecia/aiith iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
o i?ioan?ei?e ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey. O aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.
Eiciai?, I. Noiey?iai?, I. Nouaiei, A. Oaa/aiei, I. Ooaiaiea
?icaeyaeathoueny ie?ai? aniaeoe aeoiaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? o/i?a ?
a/eoaey: a oiiaao i?iaeaiiiai iaa/aiiy, o?oaeiai?, anoaoe/ii?,
noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae o i?ioean? aiae?co iaaieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e. ?ice?eaath/e aeaye? iai?yie oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? a/eoaey, i?iaiae?ciaai? ?iaioe a oie aea /an ia
?icaeyaeathoue oaeee aaaeeeaee aniaeo ?icaeoeo oai?/i? aeoeaiino?, yeei
? ?ica’ycaiiy i?ioan?eieo iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/. Naia iaaeaaia?/ia
caaea/a oiniaeth? niaith iaeaaaeeea?oo ae?eyieo oai?/iai i?ioeano.
A?eueoa oiai, naia oai?/?noue o/eoaey aaaaoueia aaoi?aie (Ae.
Aiaiyaeainueea, I. A?iae?e?n, E. Aeaieeaiei, I. Aeoaanaithe, A.
Iaeneiaiei, I. I?eaiae?ia, I. Iioaoiee, N. Neni?aa, E. Ni???i)
?icaeyaea?oueny o i?ioeanoaeueiiio ieai? ye ?ica’ycaiiy iino?eii
aeieeath/eo iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/. Eiaeia ?c caaea/ ia’?eoeaii aeiaaa?
iia?e?caoe?? an?o oai?/eo nee iaaeaaiaa (iioea?a, i?aaiaiue,
cae?aiinoae, oi?iue), oiaoi aeinoaoiuei aenieiai ??aiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? Oaeei /eiii, iaaeaaia?/ia caaea/a, neeaaeath/e ci?noiaio ?
oaoiieia?/io iniiao oai?/ino?, iaeii/anii aenooia? ? ye aaaeeeaee can?a,
? ye nooo?aa oiiaa oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii aeineiiaei? oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
noa’?eo?a ina?oiueiai i?ioeano: a/eoae?a ? ?o aeoiaaioe?a.

Caaaeueiei e?eoa???i, ca yeei iiaeia aecia/eoe ??aaiue oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaaeaaiaa, noa? eiai caeaoi?noue aei iioeiaeueiiai
?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ ?, ui ia iaio aaaeeeai, aei ?o
oi?ioethaaiiy, aiae?co i?aeoe/ieo iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e. I?ioa,
iaaeinoaoiuei c’yniaaiei o iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? a i?aeoe/i?e
?iaio? ina?oi?o caeeaae?a ? ieoaiiy i?i e?eoa???, i??o noi?iiaaiino? oa
i?aeoe/iiai aeyao oai?/i? aeoeaiino? a/eoaey ia ia?oeo aoaiao eiai
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Oea coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ci?noo aecia/aiiy
niinia?a i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei oai?/i? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? /a?ac iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie ai?iiyie ?ica’ycoaaoe
iaaeaaia?/i? caaea/?.

Aeooaeuei?noue ? iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue i?iaeaie coiiaeea aea?? oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy: «Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a o
i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/».

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a ?aieao iaoeiai? i?iaeaie eaoaae?e
iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino? Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaae?inoeoooo «Oe?e?niee
i?aeo?ae aei noaiiaeaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey-aoiai?noa» ? iia’ycaii c oaiaoeeith aeine?aeaeaiue Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a na?aaei?e oa aeu?e oeie?».

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o aeuiio iaaeaaia?/iiio caeeaae? ina?oe.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
??cieo aeae?a iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ aeoiaiiai i?ioeano aeey oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??eoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo
aeoiaieo caaea/ aeey oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a aeueo
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ia’?eoii, i?aaeiaoii oa iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
aenoiooi iaoeiao a?iioaco, ui aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/
oni?oii oi?io? oai?/o aeoeai?noue iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ca oiia:
aeaoa?i?iaoe?? i?ioan?eieo iio?aa, ono?aie?iue ? i?aaiaiue nooaeaio?a,
ye? ni?aaith naiai aeeooy ia?aee iaaeaaia?/iee oao; ?aae?caoe??
i?eioeei?a caaea/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??, inia?no?nii? i???ioaoe??, iinooiiaiai
i?ioan?eii-?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oneeaaeiaiiy o?aioaaeueieo aeoiaieo caaea/,
a?aeiia?aeiino? ?o ??aith ii/ooo?ai-aiioe?eiiai ?icaeoeo nooaeaio?a;
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? oe?e?nii-i?ioeanoaeueii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a aei ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo caaea/ oai?/iai iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?ioeano; canoinoaaiiy aaeaeaaoieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo? aeey
naiiioe?iee oa ioe?iee aeeiai?ee oai?/i? aeoeaiino? ye aaaeeeaiai
iieacieea i?ioan?eiiai c?inoaiiy iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a oai??? iaaeaaia?/ii?
oa ineoieia?/ii? iaoee.

2. Anoaiiaeoe iniiai? aeaee aeoiaieo caaea/ oa ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii?
oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

3. Aecia/eoe ci?no, iaoiaee, oaoiieia?/i? canaaee canoinoaaiiy aeoiaieo
caaea/ aeey oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a aeuiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo. ?ic?iaeoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??eoe oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a ??ciei niiniaai aiae?co ?
?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ oai?/iai aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ca oiia ?o iinooiiaiai
i?ioan?eiiai oneeaaeiaiiy.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue nenoaie i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei naiino?eiiai aeyao i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
o i?ioean? aecia/aiiy, neeaaeaiiy ? ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo caaea/.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeenue oae? iaoiaee
iaaeaaia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c o?einionueei?,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e; niinoa?aaeaiiy,
aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’thaaiiy, oanooaaiiy; ocaaaeueiaiiy, nenoaiaoecaoe?y
? eeaneo?eaoe?y, iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio; aea/aiiy
iaa/aeueii-i?ia?aiii? aeieoiaioaoe??, iai/ieo iin?aiee?a; aea/aiiy oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo aeeeaaea/?a aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, o/eoae?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e, e?oea?a,
a?iiac?e oa aeaniiai aeina?aeo ?iaioe, noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa?: a iaa?oiooaaii? nooiino?,
no?oeoo?e oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, oiia ?? aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy; a ?ic?iaoe? iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaoiieia?e aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeae?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/, ye?
iinooiiai oneeaaeiththoueny ca ci?noii, ca i?ioeaaeo?aie, ni?eyth/e
iioeiaeueiiio ?icaeoeo i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey; o ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaeno iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo e?eoa???a aeey
aecia/aiiy ia’?eoeaii? aeeiai?ee noi?iiaaiino? oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
nooaeaio?a iaaeaoc?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c ieoaiue ci?noo ? iaoiae?a
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy ieie
iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ ye i?ia?aeii? /anoeie ?o oai?/i-i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee; o noai?aii? oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a ??ciei niiniaai
neeaaeaiiy, aiae?co ? ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ oai?/iai iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?ioeano aeey ?icaeoeo ?o i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiio
iaa?oiooaaii? caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a iaaeaoc?a; o ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aie iiaoaiiiai
canoinoaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ aeey ?icaeoeo ?
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

Aeinoia??i?noue oa iaa?oioiaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaacia/aii iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue,
?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, eiiieaenii
aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ii?aeiaiiyi e?euee?niiai ?
ye?niiai aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, iiaeeea?noth a?aeoai?aiiy aenia?eiaioo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Caaaeaiiy, ci?no oa iaoiaeeea
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii?
oai?/ino? Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.N.
Iaea?aiea. Iaeaaaeeea?o? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Iae?oiiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
(i.Iae?oiiieue, 1995?.); Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo (i.Noie, 1994?.); Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa (i.Ee?a, 1995?.); Ee?anueeiai
i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoae?a ?i. A.Ae. A??i/aiea
(i.Ee?a, 1994-1995??.), a oaeiae ia IV-e I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oai?/?noue ye i?aaeiao
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaa/aiiy» (i.Ee?a, IOOO «EI?»,
1997?.).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iaa/aiiy ??ciei oaoiieia?yi aiae?co oa ?ica`ycaiiy
caaea/ oai?/iai iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano ai?iaaaeaeai? o i?aeoeeo
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo, a
oaeiae o nenoaio ?iaioe Noinueeiai iaeaniiai ?inoeoooo i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a.

Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo aeniiae?a ? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aianai?
iaai? ci?ie o i?ia?aie c iaaeaaia?ee, iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?,
ai?iaaaeaeaii niaoeeo?ne, niaoenai?ia?e c iaaeaaia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa o oacao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e (onueiai 6
ioae?eaoe?e caaaeueiei ianyaii 1, 6 ae?oe.a?e., c ieo 3 ioae?eaoe?? – o
oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
aeaio ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
(227 iaeiaioaaiue), aeiaeaoe?a (A, A). Iniiaiee ci?no aeeeaaeaii ia 160
noi??ieao, aeiaeaoee neeaaeathoue 28 noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 8
oaaeeoeue, 5 noai, 1 oi?ioeo, 2 a?ao?ee, 1 a?noia?aio.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ??aaiue
?? ?ic?iaee, noi?ioeueiaaii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo, a?iioaco oa
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy; aecia/aii iaoiaeieia?th, iaoeiao iiaecio,
oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe; ?ice?eoi aeaea?aeiciaa/o aaco oa
iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy;
aecia/aii iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? a/eoaey o
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oa i?aeoeoe? aeueo iaa/aeueieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a» cae?eniaii ??ciia?/iee oai?aoe/iee aiae?c
eaoaai??e «oai?/?noue», «aeoeai?noue», «oai?/a aeoeai?noue», a oaeiae
aena?oeaii iaaeaaia?/iee aeina?ae uiaei oiia ?icaeoeo oai?/iai
iioaioe?aeo iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

Aiae?c o?einionueeeo, ineoieia?/ieo oa iaaeaaia?/ieo ?ic?iaie i?iaeaie
oai?/ino? oa oai?/i? aeoeaiino? (?. Aeaenaoeia, A. Ae?iiaa, A. Aiae???a,
A. A?aea?, A. AEoaaiia, I. Ee?eeiaa, A. Einothe, I. E?aa/oe, TH.
Eoethoe?i, C. Eaa/oe, ?. Ea?ia?, A. Iaeaia?/oe, A. Nooiieeinueeee, A.
Oaa/aiei, A. Ooaeinueeee) aeicaieea ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui aaaeeeaith
ye?noth oai?/i? iniaenoino? a/eoaey ? ?? oai?/a aeoeai?noue. sseui
ocaaaeueieoe iiaeyaee ? iaoeia? iiceoe?? cacia/aieo oa ?ioeo aaoi??a, oi
iiaeia c aeinoaoiueith aeieath ?iia??iino? aecia/eoe nooo?a?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oai?/i? aeoeaiino? a/eoaey, ye ?ioaa?aoeaii? eaoaai???,
ui ioiieth? i?ciaaaeueio ? ia?aoai?thth/o ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie ye
oe?e?niee i?ioean ? eiai ie?ai? eiiiiiaioe: noaeo ni?yiiaai?noue ia
oai?/ee iiooe, noa’?eoeaia a?aee?eooy, iaoa??aeueia ao?eaiiy caaeoio.
Oai?/a aeoeai?noue o/eoaey — oea aeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooa caeaoi?noue eiai
aei oe?eani?yiiaaii? ? ieaiii??ii? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ii
noai?aiith iiaeo aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae o nia? ? ae?oyo, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny, c iaeiiai aieo, i?aaiaiiyi ? ai?iiyi aecaieeoeny
c-i?ae aieeao oaaeiio, caai?ii, ni?eeai acyoe ia naaa ?i?oe?aoeao iiooeo
iaa?aeiiiai, a, c ae?oaiai, — ni?iiiaei?noth aei na?aeiiiai
naiieiio?ieth, i?aai?ciaaiiino?, naiiaeenoeeie?ie. Oai?/a aeoeai?noue ye
ao?eaoo iniaenoino?, ?? aioo??oi? iaeoe?ii?oa iaaeaaiiy i?iyaey?oueny ?
?icaeaa?oueny o?eueee o oai?/?e ae?yeueiino?, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o iaaeao
oe??? ae?yeueiino? a?aie/iei iai?oaeaiiyi ? cina?aaeaeaiiyi a iaeiiio
iai?yi? aieueiaeo, aiioe?eieo, ?ioaeaeooaeueieo, o?ce/ieo coneeue.
Ooiaeaiaioii oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaaeaaiaa aenooia? eiiieaen oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae (aia?aaoe/ia aeoeai?noue iniaenoino?; eiioi?eaoeaii-oai?/?,
aeine?aeieoeuee?, aeeaeaeoe/i? oa ?aoeaeneai? cae?aiino?), a ?oo?eiith
neeith – iioeaaoe?y, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iino?eiith ni?yiiaai?noth
a/eoaey ia iaieiae?iiy iiaeie niiniaaie oa i?eeiiaie i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, ia oaeineiiaeaiiy aca?iiae?? c eieaaaie, o/iyie,
aaoueeaie, ia oai?/o naii?aae?caoe?th.

Oai?/a aeoeai?noue o/eoaey aeyaey?oueny o eiai iaaeaaia?/i?e
ae?yeueiino?. A oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue iaaeaaiaa o oaoiieia?/iiio aniaeo?
yaey? niaith ?ica’ycaiiy iane?i/aiiiai ?yaeo oai?/eo caaea/, ui iino?eii
oa ia’?eoeaii aeieeathoue (A. Caaayceinueeee, I. Eocuei?ia, I.
I?eaiae?ia, ss. Iiiiia?ueia, E. Ni???i, I. O?oie?i oa ?io.). Oaeee
ae?aeaeoe/iee ca’ycie i?ae oai?/?noth oa caaea/aie aea? iiaeeea?noue
aaaaeaoe iaeiei ?c i?ia?aeieo cania?a noaiiaeaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oe?eani?yiiaaia iaa/aiiy ?o ?ica’ycaiith
iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/, cie?aia, aeoiaiiai oa?aeoa?o.

?icoi?iiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a iaaeaoco ye nieaiiaaiiai,
nenoaiaoe/iiai iaa/aiiy ?o ?ica’ycaiith iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ ??cii?
neeaaeiino? ie ?icaeyaea?ii ye caaea/iee i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a.

Ia aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy o iaaeaaia?/iiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae?
ai?aa ? caaea/, ye? a aiooaaee nooaeaio?a aei eiie?aoii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe
iaiaeii?aciai iaaieiooaaa aeaeaoiee a?o/eciyiee iaaeaaia A.N. Iaea?aiei.
Ia oie /an oea aoea ni?aaae? iiaaoi?nueea oaoiieia?/ia ?aeay,

I?iaeaiith iaoeiaiai aecia/aiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? caaea/? caeiaeenue oae?
aeine?aeieee, ye A. Aaee, A. Aieoaiei, ?. Cycthi, I. Eocuei?ia, TH.
Eoethoe?i, I. Eooa??a, E. Ni???i. Caaaeueiei o ??cieo i?aeoiaeao aei
oeoia/aiiy cacia/aiiai iiiyooy ? aeciaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? caaea/? ye
noeoiiino? aeiiae (aai iaoe) oa oiia, ca yeeo ?? o?aaa caaeiaieueieoe.
I. Aeoaanaithe oa aeaye? ?io? aaoi?e iiyniththoue aeoiaio caaea/o (ye
aeaeiao a?aeiinii iaaeaaia?/ii?) /a?ac iaoo, eio?a ia?aaeaa/a? ia?ao?ae
aeoiaaioe?a ?c aeo?aeiiai ??aiy ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
aeoiaaiino?.

Oe?iiei aeey iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeooae?caoe?y iacaaieie
aeine?aeieeaie oaei? ooieoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii? caaea/?, ye iiaeeeaino?
a?aooaaiiy ca ?? aeiiiiiaith ? ciai?oi?o, ? aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a
aeoeaiino? iniaenoino? a/eoaey, yeee ia o?eueee i?enoiniao?oueny aei
iaaii? neooaoe??, a e na?aeiii aeoiaeeoue ca ?? iaae?, ia?aoi?ioeueiao?
ci?no caaea/? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iino?eiith ci?iith aeoiaieo ianoaaei.

Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy ??cieo oeoia/aiue iaaeaaia?/ii? caaea/? ie
aecia/a?ii aeoiaio iaaeaaia?/io caaea/o ye ona?aeiieaio oa naiino?eii
noi?ioeueiaaio a/eoaeai aeiiao ia?aoai?aiiy ?nioth/i? iaaeaaia?/ii?
neooaoe?? c ?? ia’?eoeaieie ? noa’?eoeaieie noia?a/iinoyie ia aeoiaio
neooaoe?th, yea a a?eueo?e /e iaio?e i??? ci?ia? cacia/ai? noia?a/iino?.
Oi?ioethaaiiy ? ?ica’ycaiiy oaei? caaea/? a?aeiia?aea?, aei ?a/?,
oei?/iei aoaiai oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? acaaae? — a?ae aeyaeaiiy i?iaeaie
oa ?? noia?a/iinoae /a?ac ia?aaeaa/aiiy (a?iioace) ae?e ? i?iaiico ?o
iane?aee?a aei aiae?co iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? iaiao?aeieo aeniiae?a.

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie aeicaie?a aecia/eoe ? iaa?oiooaaoe iniiai?
i?eioeeie caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

I?eioeei caaea/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? aeiaaa? a?aeiia?aeiino? eiie?aoieo
i?ioan?eieo caaea/ iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey c caaaeueieie aeoiaieie
caaaeaiiyie noni?euenoaa, aa?iii?caoe?? aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? niaoe?ae?noa.

I?eioeei iniaeno?nii? i???ioaoe?? aeii?iaioieie aecia? a aioo??oi?
/eiieee, aei yeeo iaeaaeaoue iniaeno?nia iioeaaoe?y, ??aaiue
ineoio?c?ieia?/iiai ? eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?. A?aeiia?aeii
aei oeueiai i?eioeeio nooaeaio ia? iiaeeea?noue aeai?o iaaeaaia?/ii?
caaea/? c e?eueeio iiaeeeaeo, ?? iniaeno?niiai i?eeiyooy,
ia?ainieneaiiy, ?ica’ycaiiy ? aeiaaaeaiiy.

I?eioeei iinooiiaiai i?ioan?eii-?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oneeaaeiaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ iieyaa? o oe?eani?yiiaaiiio, aeiciaaiiio c?inoaii?
neeaaeiino? aeoiaieo caaea/, ui iinoathoue ia?aae iaeaooi?i iaaeaaiaii o
i?ioean? niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaee: a?ae oeiiaeo caaea/ c iaaeaiei
ieaiii ?ica’ycaiiy; /a?ac oneeaaeiai?, ye? iio?aaothoue naiino?eiiai
iiooeo aeioe?eueieo iaoiae?a ?o ae??oaiiy; aei oaeeo, ui aeiaaathoue
oe?eiai eiiieaeno iaaeaaia?/ieo ae?e: aiae?co iaaeneooaoe??, aeyao
nooo?ai? i?iaeaie, oi?ioethaaiiy caaea/?, oai?/iai iiooeo iioeiaeueiiai
aa??aioo ?? ?ica’ycaiiy oiui.

I?eioeei a?aeiia?aeiino? iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ ??aith
ii/ooo?ai-aiioe?eiiai ?icaeoeo nooaeaio?a. Iaiao?aeiee aeey iaeaooiueiai
iaaeaaiaa ??aaiue ii/ooo?ai-aiioe?eiiai ?icaeoeo oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiai
caeaoi?noth aei iai?oaeaii? ?aoeaen??, aei naiino?eiiai inieneaiiy
nooiino? iaaecaaea/? ? i?eeiyooy ?? ca iaoo aeanii? oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino?.

I?e aecia/aii? oei?a iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ aeine?aeieee ei?enoothoueny
??cieie i?aenoaaaie: iiae?eythoue ?o ca ci?noii ae?yeueiino?, ca iaoith,
ca nooiaiai oo?oaeiaiiy, ca niiniaii ?ica’ycaiiy ? ca neeaaei?noth
iaaeaaia?/ii? neooaoe??.

E. Ni???i ? I. O?oie?i eeaneo?eothoue caaea/? ca ?o ooieoe?yie
(oi?ioaaiiy ii?i ? i?aaee iaaeaaia?/ii? oaoi?ee, ?icaeoie iia?aoeaieo
oi?iue ? ieneaiiy, ciaiue ? oi?iue aeey ?ica’ycaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo
caaaeaiue), ui iinooiiai oneeaaeiththoueny. I. Eocuei?ia i?iiiio?
iiae?eyoe iaaeaaia?/i? caaea/? ia no?aoaa?/i?, oaeoe/i?, iia?aoeai?. E.
Eiiae?aoiaa naith eeaneo?eaoe?th iia’yco? c ??cieie noa?aie
i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? iaeaooiueiai iaaeaaiaa: caaea/?, ui
?icaeaathoue i?iaiinoe/i? ai?iiy; caaea/?, ui aeiaaathoue iiaeo ciaiue
oa ??ciiiai?oieo niinia?a ?o canoinoaaiiy; caaea/?, iia’ycai? c
ioe?ithaaiiyi oa aeiaaaeaiiyi aeioe?eueiino? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae??, ??
?acoeueoao?a.

O oeeo i?aeoiaeao i?iaeoeoeaieie iiaeia aaaaeaoe oae? i?aenoaae aeey
oeiieia?? caaea/, ca yeeie iiaeia oaeaae?oe ?o iinooiiaa oneeaaeiaiiy,
i?aeii?yaeeiaaia caaaeaiiyi oaeiai ae iinooiiaiai ?icaeoeo oai?/eo
eiiiiiaio?a iniaenoino? a/eoaey (?, a?aeiia?aeii, o/iy) — aiae?oe/iiai ?
aa?enoe/iiai ieneaiiy, cae?aiinoae aei iioeiaeueii? aoiai?noe/ii?
aca?iiae??, i?iaiinoe/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo, ?aoeaeneaieo oi?iue. Naia
oaea ?aeay aoea aeei?enoaia o ?aieao iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e ?ic?iaoe?
oei?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co
iaaaaeaieo i?aeoiae?a ie aaaaeaee aeioe?eueiei cai?iiiioaaoe ?
ia?aa??eoe aenia?eiaioaeueii ??ci? ca neeaaei?noth ? ooieoe?yie
o?aioaaeuei? (iaa/ath/?) aeoiai? caaea/?, ni?yiiaai? ia?o ca ana ia
oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?aeii? i?ioan?eii? yeino? — oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
iaeaooiueiai iaaeaaiaa.

A iniiao eeaneo?eaoe?? iieeaaeaii iaeei c iniiaieo i?eioeei?a
iaaaaeaiiai caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo — i?eioeei iinooiiaiai
i?ioan?eii-?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oneeaaeiaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/.
A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai aecia/aii oae? ?o aeaee: 1) iciaeiiethaaeuei?
(i?ecia/ai? iai/ii i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? i?iaeoeoeai? oeyoe ?
niiniae ?aae?caoe?? iaaeaaiaaie ai?iue ?ica’ycoaaoe iaaeaaia?/i? aeoiai?
caaea/?); 2) aiae?oe/i? ( ?o iaoith ? i?aeoe/ia iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie
oi?iiyie iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co); 3) iia?aoe?eii-i?aeoe/i? (ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo nooaeaioe o eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao iaieiae?aathoue
iaae/eaie i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aca?iiae?? c o/iyie); 4)
/anoeiai-eiino?oeoeai? (ni?yiiaai? ia ciaoiaeaeaiiy nooaeaioaie iiaeo,
aeanieo niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy); 5) eiino?oeoeaii-iia?aoe?ei? (ui
iio?aaothoue naiino?eii? ?iaioe nooaeaio?a c aiae?co iaaeaaia?/ieo
neooaoe?e, eiino?othaaiiy caaea/ oa aoaeoeaiiai ?o ?ica’ycaiiy).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia aeei?enoaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ aeey oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eei-oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey» ?ice?eoi iaoiaeieia?th, no?oeoo?o ?
ci?no iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo, ni?yiiaaiiai ia c’ynoaaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aecia/aieo aaoi?ii iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aeey oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o iaaeaaia?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa
aacoaaeany ia aaaeeea?e iaoeia?e ?aea?, yeo iiaeia ia’?eoeaii aeaanoe c
oai??? i?ioan?eieo caaea/: aiae?c ? ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? iaiiaeeea? aac
a?oioiaiiai caeo/aiiy aei oeueiai i?ioeano iniiaiiieiaeieo ciaiue c
iaaeaaia?ee, i?ia?aeieo i?ioan?eieo cae?aiinoae ? ai?iue, iiooaeieo
aieueiaeo, aiioe?eieo ? ?icoiiaeo nee. A, c ?ioiai aieo, oai?aoe/ii?,
i?aeoe/ii?, e?aaoeaii? ni?iiiaeiino? o/eoaeue ia aeinyaia aac
?aoaeueii?, aeiaaio?eaaei?, ye?nii? i?aeoeee ?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo
caaea/ ??ciiai ci?noo ? neeaaeiino?. Oey ae?aeaeoe/ia ?aei?noue ?
aca?iicaeaaei?noue oai?/i? aeoeaiino? a/eoaey ye aieiaiiai i?iyao eiai
ni?aaaeiuei? eiiiaoaioiino? o noa?? nai?? ae?yeueiino?, c iaeiiai aieo,
oa oe?eani?yiiaaii? i?aeoeee ?ica’ycaiiy i?ioan?eieo caaea/ — i?ia?aeiee
iaoiaeieia?/iee aacen aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Aenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeany i?ioyaii 1992-1997??., ia aac? Noinueeiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo o i?ioean? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee 6-oe
aeaaeai?/ieo a?oi nooaeaio?a ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo (caaaeueiith
e?euee?noth 147 /ieia?e), c yeeo C aoee aecia/ai? ye eiio?ieuei? (73
nooaeaioe) oa ?io? 3 — ye aenia?eiaioaeuei? (74 nooaeaioe).

Ia eiinoaooth/iio aoai? aenia?eiaioo cae?enithaaeiny aecia/aiiy
eiie?aoiiai ??aiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino?, ia yeiio ciaoiaeeany
eiaeiee ie?aiee nooaeaio ?c oiai caaaeo, ui aoa ia?aiee aeey
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe. Aoea aeei?enoaia eiiieaenia ae?aaiinoeea aeey
aei??thaaiiy oa ioe?iee ??ai?a ?icaeoeo oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a o
noa?? ?o iaeaooiuei? i?ioan??. Ae?aaiinoe/i? iaoiaeeee i?aeaioiaeai? ?
ia?aa??ai? ia eaoaae?? iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino? Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo (ca o/anoth aaoi?a). Aeae?eaii /ioe?e ??ai? noi?iiaaiino?
oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey: iecueeee, na?aaei?e, aeinoaoi?e
? aenieee. Aeey aecia/aiiy eiaeiiai ??aiy canoiniaai? iaai?
e?eoa???-i??eea i?ia?aeieo yeinoae oai?/i? aeoeaiino?: iioeaaoe?y aei
oai?/eo ae?e (?? ye?ni? aeanoeaino? o noaaeaii? aei iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?ioan?? ? eiie?aoieo oaoiaeo ni?aa — aeeeth/ii ciai?oi? noeioee /e
aioo??oi? iio?aae ? i?aaiaiiy ae?eoe iinoaaeaii? iaoe oai?/eie
coneeeyie, aeieath/e cae/ee, oaaeiie, noa?aioeie); oa?aeoa? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaio?a (?ai?iaeoeoeaiee, aa?enoe/iee, eiino?oeoeaiee, e?aaoeaiee);
?acoeueoaoeai?noue iaaiiai ??aiy ae?yeueiino? (caaa?oai?noue i?ioeano ?
?acoeueoaoo ?ica’ycaiiy ia?aieo caaea/); ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
iaaeaaiaa (eiioi?eaoeaieo — ?aoeaen?y, ae?aeia?/i?noue, aiiao?ei?noue,
aa?enoe/ieo /iiooeiaeo/ — aa/aiiy i?iaeaie, iiceoe?e o/aniee?a
iaaeaaia?/ii? neooaoe??, ia?aci?noue ieneaiiy ? neiaa; ?aoeaeneaieo —
naiii?aai?caoe?y, naiini?yiiaai?noue ia oai?/?noue, aaeaeaaoia
naiiioe?iea; aeine?aeieoeueeeo — cae?aiino? ii??aithaaoe, aiae?coaaoe,
ocaaaeueithaaoe, eiino?othaaoe, ioe?ithaaoe a/eiee, i?ioeane,
?acoeueoaoe; e?aaoeaieo -?ii?ia?caoe?y, i?ea?iaeuei?noue, ei?oeea?noue,
aeiao?aeeea?noue, a?oenoe/i?noue, ye?noue iniaeno?nieo oai?/eo
caeiaooe?a).

I?iaaaeaia ia eiinoaooth/iio aoai? eiiieaenia ae?aaiinoeea ??ai?a
oai?/i? aeoeaiino? (?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, ?aeoeiao eiiiaoaioieo in?a) aeyaeea, ui,
aaea iaa/ath/enue ia C eo?n? iaae?inoeoooo, nooaeaioe o a?eueoino? nai?e
ia aioia? aei i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? o oeie?. 49% c ieo iaee
na?aaei?e, 23,1% — iecueeee ??aaiue oai?/i? aeoeaiino?, o?eueee aeecueei
28% (iaioa o?aoeie) aeinyaee aeinoaoiueiai ? iaioa 2% — aenieiai ??aiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiino?. Caaaeai? ca aeiiiiiaith aenia?oiiai ocaaaeueiaiiy
??ai? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a ? aeai? i?i ?icaeoie iaeaaaeeea?oeo oi?iue
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ?ica’ycoaaoe oeiia? aeoiai? caaea/? i?eaaee aei
aeniiae?a, ui oe? iieacieee i?aeoe/ii ca?aathoueny iaeaea o 87%
aeiaaee?a, ?ioeie neiaaie, ??aaiue oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o
niaoe?ae?no?a i?aeoe/ii ei?aeth?oueny c ?o oi?iiyie ae??ooaaoe
i?ioan?ei? caaea/?. Aei ?a/?, oea i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ? ?acoeueoaoaie
oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo. Oaea caeiiii??i?noue, aeyaeaia
aenia?eiaioaeueii, i?aeoaa?aeeea iaoa i?eiouaiiy uiaei oi?aa?naeueiino?
iane?aee?a oai?/i ni?yiiaaii? ?iaioe c iaaeaaia?/ieie caaea/aie: ?o
?ica’ycaiiy iinooiiai oaeineiiaeth? ia o?eueee ai?iiy ? iaae/ee
i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe c ae?oueie, aea e iiooaeii aieeaa? ia caaaeueiee
??aaiue oai?/i? aeoeaiino?, yea iioe?th?oueny ia cia/i? noa?e i?ioan?? ?
aeeoo?oai?/ino? iniaenoino?. I?ioa cacia/aia caeiiii??i?noue ae?? ia
iaoai?/ii, a eeoa o i?inoi?? ?iaioe c oaeeie caaea/aie, ui ae??oothoueny
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c? no?oeoo?ith oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? (a?ae aeyaeaiiy
i?iaeaie ? noia?a/iinoae yaeua, ui ieaio?oueny ia?aoai?eoe, /a?ac
a?iioaco oeyo?a oaeiai ia?aoai?aiiy aei anaa?/iiai aiae?co iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a) ? ?? i?ia?aeieie iaoiaeaie (i?iaiicoaaiiy,
ia?aoi?ioethaaiiy caaea/?, ?ic/eaioaaiiy caaaeueii? caaea/? ia /anoeia?,
aa?enoe/iee iiooe aa??aio?a ?ica’ycaiiy, eiino?othaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai c
ieo, iiai? iaoiaee ia?aeiiaiiy oa iaa?thaaiiy, ae?aaiinoeea iioi/ieo ?
e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a oiui).

Oi?ioth/ee aoai aenia?eiaioo aeeth/aa ?ic?iaeo ? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeae?
oe?e?nii-i?ioeanoaeueii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo
caaea/ oai?/iai iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano, oiaoi oaeiai, yeee a?aeiia?aea?
cacia/aiei oa?aeoa?enoeeai oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?. ?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii
iiaeaeue neeaaeaeany c oaeeo iniiaieo noaae?e: aeooae?caoe?y iioea?a
i?ioan?eiiai aeai?o; ooai?aiiy noa?e ni?eueieo iiooeiaeo ?ioa?an?a
nooaeaio?a ? aeeeaaea/?a, aecia/aiiy iaoe oai?/i-i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee, i?eaaaeeaeo oa?aeoa?enoee oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? iaaeaaiaa;
eiie?aoecaoe?y iaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai noaiiaeaiiy o na??? caaea/ ?
caaaeaiue; aei?iaoaaiiy naaa a ?aaeueiiio ia?ac? oai?/iai a/eoaey,
ni?iiiaeiiai aei neeaaeaiiy ? ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo caaea/; aiae?c ??aiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee ? oai?/i? aeoeaiino? oa aecia/aiiy ci?noo
iiaeaeueoiai iaaeaaia?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

Nooaeaioe ia oi?ioth/iio aoai? inaithaaee ??ci? oaoiieia?? aiae?co
iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e ? c?acee iioeiaeueiiai ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo
caaea/, ui c ieo aeieeaaee. Ianooiiei caaaeaiiyi aoei noai?aiiy e
?aae?caoe?y i?ia?aie iiaoaiiiai canoinoaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo
aeoiaieo caaea/ c ?o iinooiiaei i?ioan?eiei oneeaaeiaiiyi — ca ci?noii ?
ca i?ioeaaeo?aie. Cacia/aia i?ia?aia i?aaenoaaeaia o noai? 1.

Nooo?aith ia?aiiiith ia oeyoo ?aae?caoe?? aeaii? i?ia?aie noaee
iaa/aeuei? ia?aaaioaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a. Oiio ?aae?caoe?th caaea/iiai
i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey aoei
cae?eniaii oeyoii eii?aeeiaoe?? i?ia?aie iiaoaiiiai canoinoaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ ??cii? neeaaeiino? oa ci?noii aeenoeeie?ie
«Iniiae iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?» ia 4 eo?n? iaae?inoeoooo. Eaoaae?ith
iaaeoai?/ino? caoaa?aeaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia i?ia?aia iacaaiiai eo?no,
a ye?e i?ia?aeia i?noea iaeaaeeoue oaoiieia?yi aiae?co ?ica’ycaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ aeoiaii? ni?yiiaaiino?. Oaeei /eiii aanue
i?aaeiaoiee eo?n (108 aiae.) aoa ia’?aeiaiee iaaeiei aenia?eiaioaeueii?
i?iaeaie aac ao?ao o caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/i?e ? oai?/?e i?aeaioiaoe?
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ? aeoiaaoae?a.

I?ioyaii cacia/aiiai aoaio i?ioean iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aoa
caaacia/aiee ??ciiiai?oieie oi?iaie i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? (iino?eiee
nai?ia? «Eia?ea ? oaoiieia?? ?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/»; aeeniooe
c i?iaeai iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?, cono??/? c o/eoaeyie,
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? eiioa?aioe?? oa ?io.).

I?aaenoaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? iiaeaeue oa oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aoee ni?yiiaai? ia?o ca ana ia
?icaeoie iniiaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue ?ica’ycaiiy oai?/eo caaea/
aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. No?oeoo?a iniiaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue aeey
?ica’ycaiiy iaaecaaea/ aecia/aia aaoi?ii a?aeiia?aeii aei aoai?a ?o
ae??oaiiy (noaia 2).

Noaia 1.

I?ia?aia iiaoaiiiai canoinoaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo aeoiaieo caaea/

??cii? neeaaeiino? aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a

Oa?i?i

Aoaio Aeae

o?aioaaeueieo aeoiaieo caaea/

Ci?no i?aeaioia/i? ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o iaaeaaia?a1
aiaeeiaIciaeiiethaaeuei?Ona?aeiieaiiy ii?i ? i?aaee aeoiaii?
iaaeaaia?/ii? oaoiieia?? (c iaeyaeo ia ?o aeioe?euei?noue oa
aoaeoeai?noue o eiaei?e eiie?aoi?e neooaoe??) oeyoii ?icaeyaeo
??ciiiai?oieo i?iaeoeoeaieo oeyo?a ?aae?caoe?? iaaeaaiaaie oai?aoe/ieo ?
iaoiaeieia?/ieo ciaiue oi?ioth/i? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

?icaeyae ? aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e-?ethno?aoe?e (aeinoaiaiiiai
iieno iaaeaaia?/ii? neooaoe?? oa ?? aiae?co iaaeaaiaii, oi?ioethaaiiy
iei aeoiaii? caaea/? oa ?icaeoi?a uiaei aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai caniao ??
?ica’ycaiiy, a oaeiae i?ioeano eiai ?aae?caoe?? ?, iai?ee?ioe?, aiae?co
aeioe?eueiino? ia?aieo iaaeaaiaii ae?e aeoiaiiai aieeao).2
aiaeeieAiae?oe/i?Iaaoooy ai?iue iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co.

Naiino?eiee aiae?c (ca iaaeaieie ??ciiiai?oieie oaoiieia?/ieie c?aceaie)
i?eeeaae?a iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e, a?aeiia?aeiino? oi?ioethaaiiy
aeoiaieo caaea/ iaaeaaiaii ? nooiaith i?iaeoeoeaiino? canoiniaaieo
oeyo?a ia?aoai?aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e ia aeoiai? neooaoe??.3,5
aiaeeieIia?aoe?eii-i?aeoe/i? (eaai?aoi?i? oiiae)Iaieiae?iiy a
eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao iaae/eaie i?ioan?eii-a?aeiia?aeii? aca?iiae?? c
o/iyie.

?icaeyae cai?iiiiiaaieo oeiiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e c ?o aiae?cii,
noi?ioeueiaaieie aeoiaieie caaea/aie e ieaiaie ?o ?ica’ycoaaiiy.
?aae?caoe?y ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ ca iaaeaiei oeyoii (a ?ac? eiai
i?eeiyooy).4,5 aiaeeie*anoeiai-eiino?oeoeai?Ae?iaeaiiy ai?iue
eiino?othaaiiy aeanii? noaie ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaii? caaea/? oa aiae?co ??
aeioe?eueiino?.

?icaeyae iaaeaieo oeiiaeo (a caiaeii ? iaoeiiaeo) iaaeaaia?/ieo
neooaoe?e c ?o aiae?cii, noi?ioeueiaaieie aeoiaieie caaea/aie ?
cai?iiiiiaaieie iai?aaeeueieie caniaaie ?o ?ica’ycaiiy. Eiino?othaaiiy
aeanii? no?oeoo?e aeoiaii? aca?iiae?? oa aeiaaaeaiiy ?? i?ioan?eii?
ni?iiiaeiino?.4 aiaeeieEiino?oeoeaii-iia?aoe?ei? (eaai?aoi?i?)Naiino?eia
ieaioaaiiy e iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ia?aie aeanii? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? o
eiie?aoieo iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?yo a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao.

?icaeyae ? naiino?eiee aiae?c aeaoaeueiiai iieno iaaeaaia?/ieo
neooaoe?e, ni?iae aeaniiai ?o aiae?co, oi?ioethaaiiy aeoiaieo caaea/,
aeyao i?iaeoeoeaieo oeyo?a ?o ??oaiiy. I?iaiic ?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/ii?
neooaoe?? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ia?aiei eiiieaenii i?ioan?eieo ae?e oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? aeaniiai i?iaeoo aeoiaiiai aieeao.Oe?eue-ia
i?aeoe-eaEiino?oeoeaii-iia?aoe?ei? (?aaeueii? iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeoeee)Iiaioaaiiy ai?iiyie ?aae?ciaoaaoe aeanio i?ioan?eii-oai?/o
aeoeai?noue oeyoii iioeiaeueiiai ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo caaea/ a oiiaao
i?ioan?eii? i?aeoeee.

Aeeaieee naiino?eiee aiae?c ?aaeueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e,
aeioe?eueia oi?ioethaaiiy i?ioan?eieo caaea/, oai?/ee iiooe aoaeoeaiiai
aa??aioo ?o ?ica’ycaiiy (c aeiaaaeaiiyi aeioe?eueiino? aeaniiai ieaio
iaaeaaia?/ieo ae?e), i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo iiae?e ? aiae?c
ia?aaeaa/oaaieo iane?aee?a i?ioan?eieo ae?e.Noaia 2.

No?oeoo?a iniiaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue aeey ?ica’ycaiiy oeiiaeo
i?ioan?eii-aeoiaieo caaea/ a?aeiia?aeii aei aoai?a ?o ae??oaiiy

Oiiai? aoaie ?ica’ycaiiy oeiiaeo i?ioan?eii-aeoiaieo caaea/Iniiai?
iaaeaaia?/i? ai?iiyCiaoiaeaeaiiy e oi?ioethaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii?
caaea/?Aieiae?iiy oai?aoe/ieie oa aii??e/ieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeai.

Ona?aeiieaiiy noia?a/iino? i?ae nioe?oiii ? ?icaeoeii iniaenoino? oa
ciaoiaeaeaiiy oeyo?a ?o ?ica’ycaiiy.

Aeya aeooaeueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy.

Ieaioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, eiino?othaaiiy ?? ci?noo.

Aaeaeaaoia oi?ioethaaiiy i?ioan?eii-aeoiaieo caaea/.

Oi?iiy aecia/aoe nai? iiaeeeaino? uiaei ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo
caaea/.Aiae?co ineoieia?/iiai noaio ia’?eoa aieeao ? eiie?aoecaoe??
iaoe- iaoeiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy;

— aeyao ??ai?a ?icaeoeo eiaeii? iniaenoino? oa eeano a oe?eiio;

— caeiaoe iiceoe?th o/iy, a?ae/oaaoe e ?icoi?oe iiaeeea? iioeae eiai
iiaaae?iee, ae?yeueiino?;

— iioeiaeueiiai aiae?co aeo?aeieo aeaieo, aecia/aiiy aieiaiiai ?
ae?oai?yaeiiai o ciai?oi?e iiaaae?ioe? aeeoeie;

— anoaiiaethaaoe i?e/eiia? ca’ycee, caeaaeiino? i?ae eiie?aoieie
oaeoi?aie, ae?yie, ineoieia?/iei noaiii o/iy.?ic/eaioaaiiy caaea/? ia
a?eueo /anoeia?- ?icae?eyoe iaaeaaia?/io ae?yeuei?noue ia iia?aoe??;

— ia?aaeaa/aoe oa ieaioaaoe no?oeoo?o ae?e o/i?a ? iaaeaaia?/ii ea?oaaoe
?o ae?yeuei?noth;

— ?ic?aoiaoaaoe iinooiia?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao;

— ocaaaeueithaaoe e neioacoaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? oaeoeee iaaeaaia?/iiai
aieeao.?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? ia ??ai? ieaio- aiae?coaaoe i?e/eie
aeieeiaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo i?iya?a o iiaaae?ioe? aeoiaaioe?a;

— aeine?aeaeoaaoe aeina?ae ?ioeo o/eoae?a c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy
aoaeoeaieo oi?ioth/eo aeoiaieo iaoiae?a oa i?eeii?a o aeani?e
ae?yeueiino?;

— a?aoiaoaaoe oiiae i?ioan?eiiai aieeao, onoaaoe noia?a/iino? i?ae ieie;

— eiia?ioaaoe iaiao?aei? i?eeiie iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao o a?aeiia?aeiino?
c iaoith ? i/?eoaaieie ?acoeueoaoaie;

— ia?aaeaa/aoe ? aiae?coaaoe iiaeeea? iane?aeee i?ioan?eiiai
aieeao.?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? ia ??ai? i?aeoeee ia?aoai?thth/i?
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?- i?iaiicoaaoe iiaeeea? aa??aioe a?aeoeeaiue
a?ae iaoe ? caaea/ i?ae /an ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? oa ni?yiiaoaaoe
iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean o iaiao?aeia ?onei;

— ia?aoi?ioeueiaoaaoe caaea/? c a?aooaaiiyi i?eoiaaiiai ?ai?oa
i?ioe??//y (aa??aoeai?noue niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/?);

— oni?oii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiai? caniae aieeao ia o/i?a;

— ?aae?ciaoaaoe o i?ioan?ei?e ae?yeueiino? i?eioeei ii?aeiaiiy iiaaae ?
aeiiaeeaino? aei aeoiaaioe?a (A.N. Iaea?aiei);

— aieiae?oe iaaa?aaeueieie i?eeiiaie eiioi?eaoe??;

— aooe iaeii/anii oaaaeiei aei aaaaoueio ia’?eo?a;

— aeeeeeaoe aei naaa no?eeee ?ioa?an, neiiao?th, ii/oooy oiaa?enueeino?
e o.?.Aiae?co i?aenoie?a ?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? caaea/?-
ae?aaiinooaaoe iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe oa c?noaaeyoe ?o c iinoaaeaiith
iaoith, aiae?coaaoe ? iiynithaaoe iiaeeea? ?ica?aeiino?;

— a?aoiaioiaaii ioe?ithaaoe iaaeaaia?/i? no?aoaa?? ? oaeoeee uiaei
?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/?;

— ciaoiaeeoe aeani? i?ioan?ei? iiieeee oa iia?aoeaii ?o aei?aaeyoe.18

C iaoith aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aoei i?iaaaeaii
eiio?ieueiee aoai aenia?eiaioo, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai a?aeia?aaeai? ia
oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1.

?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ??ai?a ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo caaea/ ye
iieaciee?a noi?iiaaiino? i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a.

??ai? ??oaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/

ye iieacieee aeyao

oai?/i? aeoeaiino?Aeni-eeeAeinoao-i?eNa?aae-i?eI?cue-eeeAnueiaiAoaie
iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaiooEiinoa-ooth/eeE?euee?noue ioe?ii/ieo
noaeaeaiue iaea?aeaieo nooaeaioaie

2

39

72

34

147% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?1,426,64923,1100Oi?ioth/eeEiio?ieuei?

a?oieE?euee?noue ioe?iaieo nooaeaio?a

2

28

40

3

73% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?

2,7

38,4

54,8

4,1

100Aenia?e-iaioaeuei?

a?oieE?euee?noue ioe?iaieo nooaeaio?a

12

51

9

2

74% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?

16,2

68,9

12,2

2,7

100Eiio?ieue-ieeAeeiai?ea eiio?ieueieo a?oi??cieoey a %

1,3

11,9

5,8

-19

0Aeeiai?ea aenia?eiai-oaeueieo a?oi

14,8

42,4

-36,8

-20,4

0

Na?aaeiy a?eoiaoe/ia caaaeaia aeeiai?ee ??cieo ??ai?a ?ica’ycaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ ye ocaaaeueithth/ee i?ioeaioiee iieaciee
c?inoaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a a ?acoeueoao?
aenia?eiaioo ?ic?aoiaoaaeany a?aeiia?aeii aeey aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
eiio?ieueieo a?oi ca oi?ioeith 1 :

Oi?ioea 1.
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i — e?euee?noue ??ai?a ?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/;

Xi — e?euee?noue ioe?iaieo nooaeaio?a, ye? aeinyaee a?aeiia?aeiiai ??aiy
?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ iai?ee?ioe? aenia?eiaioo;

Yi — aeeiai?ea i?ioeaioiiai (a?ae e?eueeino? nooaeaio?a) iieacieea
a?aeiia?aeiiai ??aiy ?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/,
aecia/aia ia eiio?ieueiiio aoai? aenia?eiaioo;

n — caaaeueia e?euee?noue nooaeaio?a o a?aeiia?aeieo a?oiao.

Oaeei /eiii, na?aaeiy a?eoiaoe/ia caaaeaia aeeiai?ee ??cieo ??ai?a
?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ a ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioo
aeey eiio?ieueieo a?oi (A) neeaaea?: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.

Na?aaeiy a?eoiaoe/ia caaaeaia aeeiai?ee ??cieo ??ai?a ?ica’ycaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ a ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioo aeey
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi (A) noaiiaeoue:
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.

Oiaoi, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aoaeoeaiino? c?inoaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi a
?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioo o i?ioeaioiiio ae?aaeaii? noaiiaeoue:

6,99% : 26,59%, oiaoi 1: 3,8

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue ciiao aeeeanoe oae? iaeaieiai?o?
aeniiaee .

1. Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c o?einio??, iaaeaaia?ee,
ineoieia?? aeicaieeei:

· aeyaeoe i?ia?aeio ?ieue oai?/i? aeoeaiino? o iaaeaaia?/i?e
ae?yeueiino? ? iaiao?aei?noue o ca’yceo c oeei ni?yiiaaiiai,
nenoaiaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy oe??? yeino? ia i?ioyc? anueiai iaa/aiiy
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey;

· iaa?oiooaaoe nooo?ao ?ieue iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ o oi?ioaaii?
i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a;

· aenoiooe aaoi?nueeo eiioeaioe?th caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? iniaenoino? a/eoaey;

· aecia/eoe iniiai? aeaee caaea/ aeoiaiiai ni?yioaaiiy ? ?o ??ciee
iioaioe?ae o aeoiaaii? oai?/i? aeoeaiino?;

· cai?iiiioaaoe eiiieaen i?ia?aeieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ye?
caaacia/othoue oni?oia c?inoaiiy ??aiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o
niaoe?ae?no?a.

2. O oiae? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co ? iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo
i?aeoaa?aeeeiny i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui caaea/iee i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy
i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aeiaaa? aeinoaoiuei
a?oioiaiiai ? neeaaeiiai oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy, ui aeeth/a?
i?ioan?eio eiiiaoaioi?noue, oi?aae?inueea oa i?aai?caoe?eia ienoaoeoai
aeeeaaea/?a, iioeiaeueia i?iaiicoaaiiy ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy, iinooiiaa
iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie ai?iiyie ? iaae/eaie ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo caaea/
??cii? neeaaeiino?.

3. Oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei ciiao aeyaeoe oae?
i?ia?aei? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy
i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey:

· aeooae?caoe?y i?ioan?eieo iio?aa, ono?aie?iue ? i?aaiaiue nooaeaio?a,
ye? ni?aaith naiai aeeooy ia?aee iaaeaaia?/iee oao;

· ?aae?caoe?y i?eioeei?a caaea/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??, iniaeno?nii?
i???ioaoe??, iinooiiaiai i?ioan?eii-?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oneeaaeiaiiy
iaa/aeueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ (ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie
iiaoaiiiai canoinoaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/
??cii? neeaaeiino? – a?ae oeiiaeo caaea/-c?ace?a aei naiino?eiiai
neeaaeaiiy ? ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ o i?ioean? aeanii? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?), a?aeiia?aeiino? iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ ??aith
ii/ooo?ai-aiioe?eiiai ?icaeoeo nooaeaio?a;

· canoinoaaiiy aaeaeaaoieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo? aeey naiiioe?iee oa
ioe?iee aeeiai?ee oai?/i? aeoeaiino? ye aaaeeeaiai iieacieea
i?ioan?eiiai c?inoaiiy iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

4. Ia aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a
aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaa? i?ioean aeyao ? ?aae?caoe?? oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo
aeeeaaea/?a aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, ui
cae?enith?oueny o noa?ao iniaeno?nii-i???ioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a, i?aeoe/i?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino? oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio?.

5. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeiaaaeaii i?ia?aeia oai?aoe/ia i?eiouaiiy uiaei
oi?aa?naeueiino? iane?aee?a oai?/i ni?yiiaaii? ?iaioe c aeoiaieie
caaea/aie: oe?eani?yiiaaia ? caaacia/aia iaiao?aeieie oiiaaie i?aeoeea
?o i?ioan?eiiai ?ica’ycaiiy iinooiiai oaeineiiaeth? ia o?eueee ai?iiy ?
iaae/ee i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe c ae?oueie, aea e iiooaeii aieeaa? ia
caaaeueiee ??aaiue oai?/i? aeoeaiino? a/eoaey, yea caaacia/o? oni?oio
ae?yeuei?noue o ??cieo noa?ao i?ioan?? ? aeeoo?oai?/ino?. Iaeiae
cacia/aia caeiiii??i?noue ae?? eeoa i?e ?iaio? c oaeeie caaea/aie, ye?
?ica’ycothoueny o a?aeiia?aeiino? c? no?oeoo?ith ? i?ia?aeieie iaoiaeaie
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?.

6. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
i?ioeano oai?/i? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a caniaaie caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo
ni?ey? ??ciiiai?oi?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?oiiaeo oi?i aeyao ?o
oai?/i? aeoeaiino?, na?aae yeeo iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoieie aeey cae?eniaiiy
oe??? iaoe ?: oai?/? nai?ia?e; iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? eiioa?aioe??; oai?/?
ca?oe; cono??/? aeeeaaea/?a aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a,
nooaeaio?a ? a/eoae?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e aeey ni?eueiiai iaaiai?aiiy
? ?ica’ycaiiy i?ioan?eii-aeoiaieo caaea/; aeeniooe c i?iaeai
iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?.

7. I?aenoiee i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aeathoue i?aenoaae
aeey ocaaaeueithth/iai aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui ?ic?iaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii?
ci?no, oi?ie ? iaoiaee aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, aecia/ai? oa
iaa?oioiaai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeae?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
aeoiaieo caaea/ ni?eythoue aoaeoeaiiio oi?ioaaiith i?ioan?eii-oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a: ?? ??aaiue cia/ii c??n o nooaeaio?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi (ia 26,59%) ia a?aei?io a?ae nooaeaio?a
eiio?ieueieo a?oi (6,99%).

Cae?eniaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? on?o aniaeo?a oe??? neeaaeii? ?
aaaaoiieaiiai? i?iaeaie. Ia iao iiaeyae, iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai
aea/aiiy oae? aaaeeea? ieoaiiy: aiae?aaia?/i? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo oai?/iai
iioaioe?aeo aeeeaaea/?a aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a;
caaea/iee i?aeo?ae o aeii?ioan?eiiio naiiaecia/aii? o/i?a noa?oeo
eean?a; aca?iiae?y iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo ? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a o
aecia/aii? ? ?ica’ycaii? ni?eueieo caaea/ i?aeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a o oi?i? iaaeaaia?/ii? ?ioa?iaoo?e; iniiai? canaaee
oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie i?ioan?eii-noni?eueii? ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a
iaaeaaia?/ii? oai?/ino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Iieyeiaa I.I. Ae??oaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/ ye can?a oai?/iai
?icaeoeo iniaenoino? // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iiaeeeainoae o/i?a:
Oace aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. Ee?a, 18-20
aeiaoiy 1994 ?ieo. / A?aei. ?aae. N.I. Neniaaa. – Ee?a: ?NAeI, 1994.- n.
214-215.

2. Iieyeiaa I.I. Caaea/iue iiaeoiae a iao/aiee oai?/anoao // Oai?/?noue
ye i?aaeiao i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaa/aiiy: Iaoa??aee
4-? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. Ee?a, 24—25 ea?oiy
1997 ?ieo. / A?aei.?aae. A.A. Eiaaiiaa— Ee?a: IOOO «EI?», 1997. — n.
54-55.

3. Iieyeiaa I.I. Eaoaai??? «iaaeaaia?/ia caaea/a» oa «iaaeaaia?/ia
neooaoe?y»: ?aei?noue, aca?iica’ycie, a?aei?ii?noue // Iaaeaaia?/i?
iaoee: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?i. A.N. Iaea?aiea. / A?aei.?aae. I.I. Eaca??a. — Noie:
?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e NAeI?, 1998. — n. 132—138.

4. Iieyeiaa I.I. Oai?aoe/i? canaaee canoinoaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo
caaea/ aeey oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
oa eiai aoaeoeai?noue // Iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.N. Iaea?aiea. /
A?aei.?aae. I.I. Eaca??a. — Noie: ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e
NAeI?, 1998. —n. 138— 146.

5. Iieyeiaa I.I. No?oeoo?a iniiaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue aeey
?ica`ycaiiy oeiiaeo i?ioan?eii-aeoiaieo caaea/ // Iaaeaaia?ea oa
ineoieia?y: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.N. Neiai?iaee / Ca caaaeueiith ?aae.
?.O. I?ieiiaiea, A.?. Eiciai?. – O.:OAeIO, 1998. Aeione 7. – n.83-88.

6. Iieyeiaa I.I. Eaoaai??y «oai?/a aeoeai?noue» a no/ani?e
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe?. // Iaoeia? caienee: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa
/ Oee. I.A. Aeieo?aiei, ?.I. Eia/eia, I.I. Nei?iaiaaoueei. – E.: IIO,
1999. *. 4. – n. 33-40.

Iieyeiaa I.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a o
i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo caaea/. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. —
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee,
Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oai??? ? i?aeoeee oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i?
aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey oeyoii ?ica’ycaiiy niaoe?aeueii
nieaiiaaiiai eiiieaeno iaaeaaia?/ieo aeoiaieo caaea/ i?ae /an oaoiai?
i?aeaioiaee. Aecia/aii ci?no, oi?ie ? iaoiaee caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a aeuiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo; anoaiiaeaii iniiai? oeie ? aeaee aeoiaieo caaea/
oa ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? oai?/i? aeoeaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.
I?aaenoaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??ai? iiaeaeue
oe?e?nii-i?ioeanoaeueii? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ? i?ia?aio
iiaoaiiiai canoinoaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo aeoiaieo caaea/ ??ciiai ??aiy
neeaaeiino? aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii-oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oai?/a aeoeai?noue, caaea/iee i?aeo?ae, iaaeaaia?/ia
neooaoe?y, iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiaia caaea/a, oaoiieia?y ?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo
caaea/, iniiai? iaaeaaia?/i? ai?iiy, oe?e?nii-i?ioeanoaeueia i?aeaioiaea
nooaeaio?a.

Iieyeiaa I.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeoueo o/eoaeae a
i?ioeanna ?aoaiey iaaeaaiae/aneeo caaea/. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. —
Oa?ueeianeee iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao ei. A.N. Neiai?iaeu, Oa?ueeia,
1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oai?ee e i?aeoeee oi?ie?iaaiey
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeouaai o/eoaey iin?aaenoaii ?aoaiey
niaoeeaeueii nieaie?iaaiiiai eiiieaena iaaeaaiae/aneeo ainieoaoaeueiuo
caaea/ a i?ioeanna aai i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee. A oiaea
enneaaeiaaiey oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiu e yenia?eiaioaeueii
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu niaea?aeaiea, oaoiieiaee aiaeeca, iinoaiiaee e ?aoaiey
eae oeie/iuo, oae e oai?/aneeo iaaeaaiae/aneeo caaea/. Iaaeaaiae/aneee
yenia?eiaio iiaeoaa?aeee oai?aoe/anee noi?ioee?iaaiiua i?aaeeiaeaiey ia
yooaeoeaiuo iaaeaaiae/aneeo oneiaeyo ?aaeecaoeee caaea/iiai iiaeoiaea e
oi?ie?iaaieth oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe aoaeouaai o/eoaey. Oaeiauie
yaeythony:

— aeaoa?ieiaoeey i?ioanneiiaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae, ono?aieaiee e aeaeaiee
nooaeaioia, aua?aaoeo aeaeii naiae aeecie iaaeaaiae/aneoth
niaoeeaeueiinoue;

— ?aaeecaoeey i?eioeeiia caaea/iie eioaa?aoeee, ee/iinoiie i?eaioaoeee,
iinoaiaiiiai i?ioanneiiaeueii-eioaeeaeooaeueiiai oneiaeiaiey o/aaiuo
ainieoaoaeueiuo caaea/ (i?e iiiiue i?ia?aiiu iiyoaiiiai i?eiaiaiey
o/aaiuo ainieoaoaeueiuo caaea/ ?aciie neiaeiinoe, neii?aeeie?iaaiiie n
niaea?aeaieai aeenoeeieeiu “Iniiau iaaeaaiae/aneiai oai?/anoaa” 4-ai
eo?na iaaeeinoeoooa), niioaaonoaey iaaeaaiae/aneeo caaea/ o?iaith
yiioeeiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey nooaeaioia;

— i?eiaiaiea iiaeaee oeaeinoii-i?ioeannoaeueiie iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo
o/eoaeae e ?aoaieth ainieoaoaeueiuo caaea/ oai?/aneiai iaaeaaiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna.

Enneaaeiaaieai oaeaea onoaiiaeaii, /oi iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe
i?ioeanna oai?/aneie iiaeaioiaee nooaeaioia n?aaenoaaie caaea/iiai
iiaeoiaea niinianoaoao ?aciiia?acea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo e a?oiiiauo oi?i
auyaeaiey eo oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe, n?aaee eioi?uo iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiuie
aeey aeinoeaeaiey yoie oeaee yaeythony: oai?/aneea naieia?u;
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneea eiioa?aioeee; oai?/aneea io/aou; ano?a/e
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae aunoeo iaaeaaiae/aneeo o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee, nooaeaioia e
o/eoaeae iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeie aeey iauaai ianoaeaeaiey e ?aoaiey
i?ioanneiiaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiuo caaea/; aeenioou; oai?/aneea aanaaeu
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae e nooaeaioia. I?aeoe/aneei ?acoeueoaoii enneaaeiaaiey
yaeythony: ?ac?aaioea iaoiaee/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aii?inai
ii?aaeaeaiey niaea?aeaiey, oi?i e iaoiaeia caaea/iiai iiaeoiaea e
oi?ie?iaaieth oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia a oneiaeyo eo iiaeaioiaee
aunoei iaaeaaiae/aneei o/aaiui caaaaeaieai; nicaeaiea iaoiaee/aneiai
eiiieaena ii i?iaeaia iao/aiey nooaeaioia ?aciui oaoiieiaeyi aiaeeca e
?aoaiey caaea/ oai?/aneiai iaaeaaiae/aneiai i?ioeanna aeey auyaeaiey eo
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oai?/aneay aeoeaiinoue, caaea/iue iiaeoiae,
iaaeaaiae/aneay neooaoeey, iaaeaaiae/aneay ainieoaoaeueiay caaea/a,
oaoiieiaey ?aoaiey iaaeaaiae/aneeo ainieoaoaeueiuo caaea/, iniiaiua
iaaeaaiae/aneea oiaiey, oeaeinoii-i?ioeannoaeueiay iiaeaioiaea
nooaeaioia.

Polyakova O.M. The formation of creative activity of futures teachers in
the process of the decision of the pedagogical tasks. — Manuscript.

A thesis for founding the scientific degree of the candidate in
pedagogical sciences on specialty 13.00.01 — theory and history of
pedagogics. — Kharkiv State Pedagogical University named after
G.S.Skovoroda, Kharkiv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the questions of theory and practice of
formation of the creative activity of the future teacher with the help
of decision of the specially planned complex of pedagogical educational
tasks in the process of his training. The context, forms and methods of
the task-approach to the forming of the creative activity of the
students of higher pedagogical educational school have been determined;
the principal types and classes of the pedagogical tasks have been
established and their role in the formation of the creative activity of
the future teacher. The practical approved model of the integrated
processual of the professional training of the students and the program
of the step by step using of the pedagogical educational tasks of
various levels of difficulties for the effective formation of the
effective formation of the professional creative activity of the future
teacher have been represented.

Key words: creative activity, task-approach, a pedagogical situation,
pedagogical educational task, technology of decision of the pedagogical
educational task, principal pedagogical skills, integrated processual
training of the students.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo Cai.

Oe?aae – 100 i?ei. Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0 Oi?iao 60o90/16.

EOAe “I??y-1”, i. Noie, Eocia/ia, 2

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