?IINOEOOO I?IAEAI AEOIAAIIss AII OE?AIIE

?AAICIIA AIEOI?Iss AAEAIOEIIAIA

OAeE
37.036.5

OI?IOAAIIss OAI?*EO CAeIAIINOAE IIEIAeOEO OEIEss?IA O I?IOeANI?
IOCE*III? AeIssEUeIINOI?

13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Ianie Ethaeieea Ieoaee?aia, ?inoeooo i?iaeai
aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee A?a?e Iaae?y Ieoaee?aia, Oeaio?aeueiee ?inoeooo
i?neyaeeieiiii? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie, i?i?aeoi? c
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe;

— eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Caaaaenueea Oaoyia Ieeiea?aia,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a a?e
ia ioce/ieo ?ino?oiaioao

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i.I.Eioethaeinueeiai, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee oa iaoiaeeee ii/aoeiaiai
iaa/aiiy, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.A?iieoey

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 26 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14. 00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.454.01 a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy
AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 254060, i.Ee?a, aoe. I.Aa?e?inueeiai, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 22 aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.I.Ionoia?o

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OA NOOI?IUe AeINE?AeAEAIINO? I?IAEAIE. ?icaeoie
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aeoiaaiiy iiaiai oeio
iniaenoino? c aenieei ??aiai aeooiaiino? ? eoeueoo?e, ni?iiiaeii?
naiino?eii i?eeiaoe ianoaiaea?oi? ??oaiiy, cae?enithaaoe a?eueiee aea??,
oai?/i ieneeoe, aio/ei ?aaaoaaoe ia ci?ie ianoaaei ? nai?e ?o oai?eoe.
Oeei ia?aiao?ai a?aeiia?aeathoue oai?/? yeino? ethaeeie, ye? iathoue
noaoe i?aaeiaoii oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aeoiaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo. sse?ac /a?ac
oea no?aoaa?/iei caaaeaiiyi, aecia/aiei Aea?aeaaiith iaoe?iiaeueiith
i?ia?aiith “Ina?oa” (Oe?a?ia XXI no.), ? noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?aae?caoe??
oa naii?aae?caoe?? iniaenoino? a ina?oiueiio i?ioean?. Oea aeiaaa?
ia?aoiaeo a?ae aee?aeoeaii? aei iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaii? iiaeae?
iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy, ui iaoe?eth? ia iiooe iiaeo oeyo?a ? cania?a, ye?
caaacia/oaaoeiooue ?icaeoie aioo??oi?o iiaeeeainoae o/i?a, ?oi?o iio?aa,
?ioa?an?a, oai?/eo cae?aiinoae.

Cacia/eii, ui i?iaeaia oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ? iaei??th ?c aaaeeeaeo o
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

I?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy oai??? cae?aiinoae, cie?aia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
a?ieia?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai o cae?aiinoyo, ?o no?oeoo?a, o?ei- ?
iioiaaiac, iiaeeeaino? e caeiiii??iino? ?o oi?ioaaiiy e ?icaeoeo
?ice?eaathoueny o aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.Aiaiue?aa, ?.Aaoa, E.Aeaionueeiai,
I.Eiaaeueiaa, A.Einothea, A.E?ooaoeueeiai, I.Eaiioue?aa, A.I?yneuaaa,
N.?oa?iooaeia oa ?i.

A?o/eciyieie (E.Aiaiyaeainueea, I.Eoe, I.Iaothoe?i, A.Iieyei,
ss.Iiiiia?ueia, ss.Ooa?inueeee oa ?i.) oa ca?oa?aeieie (O.Aa??ii,
A.A?ia, Ae.A?eoi?ae, A.Ianeio, E.?iaeaea?n, *.Ni??iai, Ae.Oiinii oa ?i.)
aeine?aeieeaie aea/aeeny ??ci? aniaeoe i?iaeaie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae: ?o
i?e?iaea, eiiiiiaioe, e?eoa??? oa iieacieee ?icaeoeo, iaoiaee ? i?eeiie
oi?ioaaiiy. A?eueo?noue c oeeo ieoaiue ana ae caeeoa?oueny
aeeneon?eieie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i neeaaei?noue oa aaaaoicia/i?noue
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie.

O/aieie iaiaeii?aciai i?aee?anethaaeany aeoiea, ui oi?ioaaiiy
cae?aiinoae ? ea?iaaiei ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iei i?ioeanii, ui aeeth/a?
aieea ia iioeae oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? (I.Aeonaaeoeueeee, I.Ee?e/oe),
i?ciaaaeuei? ?ioa?ane (I.A?a?e, A.Uoe?ia), caaaeueiiiaa/aeuei? ai?iiy
(I.Eaiaanueea, I.I?aeai?ia, I.Naa/aiei).

Naiceoeai?noue iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo aei oai?/ino?, cie?aia
ooaeiaeiuei?, i?aee?anethaaeany A.Nooiieeinueeei, E.Ooeinueeei, oa
aaaaoueia ?ioeie iaaeaaiaaie-eeaneeaie. O aeine?aeaeaiiyo
E.Aiaeiae/, E.Aaiaa?a, A.Aeaaeaeiaa, E.Ae?aieiaa, Ae.Aeueeii?ia,
I.Iai/einueei? oa ?i. aeiaaaeaii, ui cacia/aiee a?e ? ia??iaeii
iae?ioaineai?oiai e?aaoeaiiai noaiiaeaiiy.

Aiae?coth/e i?e?iaeo ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, ioceeiciaaoe?
A.A?aiianueeee, A.Iaaeooaanueeee, ?.Iacaee?inueeee, TH.Oieiiia oa ?i.
ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui oae? niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? ioceee, ye
aa??aoeai?noue ia?ac?a, aeniea aano?aeoi?noue iiae, aa?enoe/i? i???ioe?e
? ni?eyoeeaeie aeey oi?ioaaiiy ia?acii-anioe?aoeaiiai ieneaiiy, oyae,
oaioac??, ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiaiiy oiui.

Cia/ii caaaaoeee iaoeiai-iaoiaee/io aeoieo ? iaaeaaia?/io i?aeoeeo
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/i? nenoaie ? eiioeaioe?? ca?oa?aeieo iaaeaaia?a, iaeei
c i?eioeei?a yeeo ni?yiiaaiee ia ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ae?oae,
noeioethaaiiy ?oiuei? oaioac??, ooaeiaeiuei-i?ciaaaeueii? aeoeaiino?
(A.AEae-Aeaeuee?ic, C.Eiaeae, E.I?o, A.O??/eia).

I?iaeaie aeeoy/i? oai?/ino? a ioce/iiio iaa/aii? ? aeoiaaii? ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? a i?aoeyo iaaeaaia?a-ioceeaio?a, ye? ?icaeyaeathoue
oai?/?noue ye iaoiae caaaeueiiai ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy (A.Anao??a,
I.A?thniaa), ?icaeoie ioce/ii-oai?/eo iaae/ie (E.Aa?aiaiei), iaoiae
oai?/eo caaaeaiue o ioce/iiio iaa/aii? aeioe?eueiee?a (I.Aaoeoa?ia),
aieea oai?/ino? ia ioce/iee ?icaeoie ae?oae (E.Aieianueea) oa ?i.
C-iii?ae ieo oai?aoe/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth aeae?ey?oueny nenoaia
oai?/iai ?icaeoeo ae?oae A.ssai?nueeiai, yea aee?enoae?coaaeanue a
oiiaao iaaeaaia?ee 20-o ?ie?a, aea ia iaaoea ianiaiai iioe?aiiy o
iiaeaeueo? aeanyoee?ooy.

“Cieioei oiiaeii” a?o/eciyii? ? na?oiai? eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie noaea
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue A.Aa?oiaeioey, O.Eieanne, I.Eenaiea,
I.Eaiioiae/a, N.Ethaeeaae/a, E.Noaoeaiea oa ?i. O oi?ioaaii? oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae ae?oae ca?oa?aei? iaaeaaiae ia?aaaaeii canoiniaoaaee ioceeo
? ?ooe (A.AEae-Aeaeuee?ic), a?o ia ioce/ieo ?ino?oiaioao (E.I?o) oiui.
Ae?yeuei?noue a?o/eciyieo iaaeaaia?a-ioceeaio?a a?oiooaaeanue ia
aeei?enoaii? oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo oieueeei?o, aeaiaioe oai?/ino? oe?iei
canoiniaoaaeenue o oi?iaiio (I.Eaiioiae/, O.Eieanna oa ?i.) oa
oi?aia?ao?/iiio (A.Aa?oiaeiaoeue) aeeiiaanoa? ae?oae.

Ae??oaiith ieoaiue oai?/iai ?icaeoeo o/i?a caniaaie ioceee ni?eyee
i?aoe? c oai??? oa iaoiaeeee ioce/iiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy o/i?a
(E.Aeieo???aa, E.Ai?thiiaa, O.Caaaaenueea, Ae.Eaaaeaanueeee, E.Ianie,
A.??a?ia, I.?inoianueeee, I.?oaeieoeueea, E.Oe?ai?eiaa, TH.Oeaaa?ae? oa
?i.)

O ?iaioao iaoeiaoe?a 80-90-o XX no. iaeiie/aii iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee
iaoa??ae noiniaii ioce/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae a ina?oiueiio i?ioean?
(O.Aeyaei, A.Eueii, ?.Oea/oe oa ?i.) oa oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae,
cie?aia: oai?/i? aeoeaiino? (A.Aaa?e, ?.Aaaeaeiaa, A.Eaaoiaoeue,
I.Eiaiaa A.Oooaaa), oai?/iai ioce/iiai ieneaiiy (O.Aaneeueeaae/),
ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/eo ?ioa?an?a (E.?io?n), cae?aiino? aei oai?/ino?
(I.Ooi?/e?ia), oai?/iai ?o ?icaeoeo o ooaeiaeiuei-ianiaeo oi?iao
ae?yeueiino? (I.Aeaei?eia, I.Ai?eniaa, A.E?eioue, I.Oeaeiay) oa ?i.

I?ioa o ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? iai?aaii??ii caoaeothoueny
iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ioce/iiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, ye? caiaeyoueny
ia?aaaaeii aei aaeineiiaeaiiy aieaeueii-oi?iaeo iaae/ie, ioce/iiai
ni?eeiaiiy, canai?iiy iniia iioii? a?aiioe oiui, oa iaaeiioe?ith?oueny
?icaeoie “caaaeueieo cae?aiinoae ooaeiaeiueiai oaeaioo” (E.Ae?aieia).

Eiiieaeniiio aieeaia? ??cieo aeae?a ienoaoeoa ia iniaeno?noue
i?enay/aii i?aoe? I.Ai?uaiei, A.A?ee?ii?, E.Aauaiei, A.Iaaeaeee,
I.Oa?aioue?ai?, A.Oaa/aiei, I.Uieieiai? oa ?i. Oe?e?nio eiioeaioe?th
iie?ooaeiaeiueiai ?icaeoeo oeiey??a ia aac? aeii?ioaaiiy ia?acioai?/iai
ienoaoeoaa noai?aii A.THniaei.

O no/anieo oiiaao aoiai?caoe?? ina?oe, aa??aoeaiino? ?? oi?i,
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe?? ci?noo, iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai
iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy (A.Aaee, ?.Aao, N.Aii/a?aiei, TH.Iaeueiaaiee oa
?i.), i??i?eoaoaie ienoaoeueei? ina?oe noa? aeoiaaiiy ethaeeie c
aenieith eoeueoo?ith, c yeinoyie, ui coiiaeththoue aeinoaoi?e nooi?iue
aoiaiiino?, aeooiaiino? ? oai?/ino?.

Ci?ia ina?oiuei? ia?aaeeaie coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ia?ainieneaiiy
noa?e aeoiaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? caniaaie ienoaoeoaa oa ?ic?iaeo
aoaeoeaieo oiia, iioeiaeueieo iaoiaeee ? oaoiieia?e, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
no/aniei iaoiaeieia?/iei oa oai?aoe/iei canaaeai.

A?oioiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaa? i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae a oiiaao noa??eo-noa??eoii? aca?iiae?? o/aniee?a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano, ui ia?ai???ioiao? aeeeaaeaiiy ?c
aaoi?eoa?iiai ea?oaaiiy ioce/iith ae?yeuei?noth o/i?a ia aio/ea
noeioethaaiiy i?ioeano o/?iiy c aeaiaioaie oai?/i? naiino?eiino?.

Oaeei /eiii, o i?ioean? ?ica?ycaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a aeieea? ?yae noia?a/iinoae: i?ae iaoith ?
caaaeaiiyie ?iiiaaoe?eii? nenoaie aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe oa o?aaeeoe?eieie
ci?noii ? oaoiieia?yie aeeeaaeaiiy i?aaeiao?a ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai
oeeeeo a ii/aoeia?e oeie?; i?ae cia/iei oai?/ei iioaioe?aeii ioce/iiai
ienoaoeoaa ? iaaeinoaoiueith eiai ?aae?caoe??th a ?nioth/?e
iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e i?aeoeoe?.

Ona aeeeaaeaia aeua na?ae/eoue i?i aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy “Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o
i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?”.

IA??EO aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean oai?/iai ?icaeoeo o/i?a ii/aoeiai?
oeiee.

I?AAeIAO aeine?aeaeaiiy — iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

CA?ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoiaeeoue aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio ? iaoeiai? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie
?inoeoooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie.

IAOA aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ai?iaaoe?? iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia ? iaoiaeeee
noeioethaaiiy o/i?a o oaeeo aeaeao ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ui aoaeoeaii
aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a.

A?IIOACA aeine?aeaeaiiy: aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a cia/ii i?aeaeueoueny, yeui caaacia/eoe iniaeno?nii
ci???ioiaaio iaaeaaia?/io aca?iiae?th a/eoaey ? o/i?a o i?ioean?
iiaoaiiiai aeeth/aiiy ae?oae o ??ci? aeaee oai?/i? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, ui coiiaeth? iaieiae?iiy ieie ?ioiiaoe?eii-ia?aciith
iiaith ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa a caaaeueii-ooaeiaeiueiio eiioaeno?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei aecia/aii? iaoe oa a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
iinoaaeaii oae? CAAAeAIIss:

1. ?ice?eoe ineoieia?/i?, iaaeaaia?/i?, ioceeiciaa/? i?aeoiaee uiaei
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae, oeyo?a ? iaoiae?a ?o oi?ioaaiiy o i?ioean? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.

2. ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? oa iieacieee noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a.

3. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae ? ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo
aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean?
ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? a eiioaeno? iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaii? ina?oiuei?
ia?aaeeaie.

4. Cae?enieoe aenia?eiaioaeueio ai?iaaoe?th oa ei?aeoe?th ?ic?iaeaieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oa iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe, ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue ? ia?aa??ee
a?iioace aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aaeaeaaoi? aaoi?nueeiio caaeoio IAOIAeE
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— oai?aoe/i?: aiae?c, ii??aiyiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeaieo;

— aii??e/i?: aieaooaaiiy, oanooaaiiy, ?a?ia? iaoiaeeee ae?aaiinoeee,
eiinoaooth/ee ? oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe, aiae?c iaaeaaia?/iiai
aeina?aeo, e?euee?nia ia?iaea oa ye?nia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

IAOIAeIEIA?*IO INIIAO aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue iieiaeaiiy
ineoieia?/ii? iaoee i?i ae?yeuei?noue ye niin?a naii?aae?caoe??
iniaenoino?; eeth/ia? iiceoe?? noa??eo-noa??eoiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy; iieiaeaiiy aeeaeaeoeee i?i aca?iica?ycie iaa/aiiy
e ?icaeoeo, aeoeaii? ?ie? iniaenoino? a ina?oiueiio i?ioean?; iniiae
iaaeaaia?ee ienoaoeoaa; ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? eiioeaioe?? oai?/i?
iniaenoino? ? oi?ioaaiiy ?? cae?aiinoae. A oaeiae ?aea? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
? aeooiaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, cie?aia iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i ina?oo”,
Aea?aeaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? I?ia?aie “Ina?oa”(Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy),
Eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, Eiioeaioe?? aoiai?caoe?? oa
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? ina?oe, Oeaco i?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i caoiaee uiaei
?icaeoeo aeooiaiino?, caoenoo ii?ae? oa oi?ioaaiiy caei?iaiai niiniao
aeeooy a?iiaaeyi”.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny o o?e aca?iiiia?ycai? AOAIE:

I a i a ? o i i o a o a i ? (1994-1995 ??.) — i?iaiae?ciaaii
ineoieia?/io, iaaeaaia?/io, ioceeiciaa/o, iaoiaee/io e?oa?aoo?o c
i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aecia/aii aeo?aei? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy,
i?aaeiao, ia??eo, iaoo, noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiie?aoeciaaii eiai caaaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaii eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio.

I a ae ? o a i i o a o a i ? ( 1995 — 1997 ??.) — ?ic?iaeaii
iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oa iaoiaeeeo noeioethaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a
ii/aoeiai? oeiee, i?iaaaeaii oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio.

I a o ? a o ue i i o a o a i ? ( 1997- 1999 ??.) — cae?eniaii aiae?c ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeanue i?ioyaii 1994-1999
?ie?a ia aac? iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a aeaio oei?a: caaaeueiiina?oiueiai
(oeiea-?ioa?iao ? 23 i.Ee?aa, NO ?5 i.Iieoaae, Ooeueaeinueea NO
Noa?ia?euenueeiai ?-io Eoaainueei? iae.) oa niaoe?aeueiiai (ioce/ia
oeiea ?1 i.Neaa?yinueea Aeiiaoeueei? iae., I?aeaioia/a oeiea Ee?anueei?
aeeoy/i? Aeaaeai?? ienoaoeoa).

IAOEIAA IIAECIA aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa?:

— a iaa?oiooaaii? oa aecia/aii? eiiieaeno oai?/eo cae?aiinoae, ye?
i?iyaeythoueny a o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo a ioce/i?e
ae?yeueiino?;

— a oai?aoe/iiio ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaa?oiooaaii? iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
oa iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae, ui ioiieththoue
iiaoaii?noue aeeth/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o ??ci? aeaee ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino? caaaeyee i?yiei oa iiina?aaeeiaaii noeioethth/ei aieeaai,
iaaeaaia?/ia caaacia/aiiy iaieiae?iiy o/iyie aeaiaioaie ioce/ii? iiae
/a?ac aeania caoei-?ioiiaoe?eia iiaeaiiy oa aeeth/aiiy ioceee a
caaaeueii-ooaeiaei?e eiioaeno;

— a iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? aeaieo i?i aca?iica?ycie ioce/ieo oa oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a;

OAI?AOE*IA CIA*AIIss ?iaioe iieyaa?:

— a ooi/iaii? nooiino? iiiyooy “oai?/? cae?aiino?” noiniaii i?iaeaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy;

— o aecia/aii? noeoiiino? e?eoa???a oa iieaciee?a noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae; ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ae?aaiinoeee ia iniia? ciiaeaeueiaaii?
ae?aaee “aa?enoe/ia aan?aea — oai?/? caaaeaiiy” o i?ioean? ioce/iiai
iaa/aiiy;

— o aecia/aii? oiia aoaeoeaiino? oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a
iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, ui a?oioothoueny ia canaaeao
noa??eo-noa??eoii? aca?iiae?? a/eoaey c o/iyie, ae?aeia?caoe??
ni?eeoaaiiy, aeei?enoaii? iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a, cie?aia ae?aaee
“aa?enoe/ia aan?aea — oai?/? caaaeaiiy”;

— o iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeia? iieiaeaiiy i?i aca?iica?ycie ioce/ieo ?
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae, iaoai?ci?a ?o aca?iiae?? oa aca?iicaeaaeiino? o
ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee
iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai ni?yioaaiiy, ui iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio? ye caaaeueiiina?oi?o (oeiee, a?iiac??,
e?oea?), oae ? niaoe?aeueieo (ioce/i? oeiee) oa iicaoe?eueieo (aoaeeiee
oai?/ino? oeiey??a, nooae?? oiui). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a/eoaeyie a i?ioean? i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae aeoiaaoaeyie, iaoiaeenoaie, ineoieiaaie,
aeeeaaea/aie aeey i?iaaaeaiiy o?ai?ia?a c ?icaeoeo oyae, ia?aciiai
ieneaiiy oiui.

A??IA?AeI?NOUe iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue oa ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth eiai oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue; canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiae?a iaaeaaia?/iiai iiooeo,
aaeaeaaoieo ia??eoo, i?aaeiaoo, iao? ? caaaeaiiyi; ?acoeueoaoeai?noth
i?ioeano oai?/iai ?icaeoeo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ia iniia? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao.

AI?IAAOe?ss ? AI?IAAAeAEAIIss iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeiny a ia?aa?ao aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe a oiiaao
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oa niaoe?aeueieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?thaaeeny ? ae?noaee iiceoeaio
ioe?ieo ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeaie anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee”/Ee?a-Eooeuee, 1996/; I?aeia?iaeiiio oi?oi?
“Ii/aoeiaa oeiea XXI noie?ooy” /Ee?a, 1996/; Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie ieneaiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a” /E?aiai/oa, 1996/;
i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a ii/aoeiaeo eeanao oa aeioe?eueieo
caeeaaeao”/Iieoaaa, 1996/; ca?oi?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee” /Ee?a,
1995/; i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?noi??y ?
no/ani?noue iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe a Oe?a?i?” /Aeoo?a, 1994/; ia
can?aeaiiyo eaai?aoi??? anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie; ia ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee oa ?inoeoooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie / i. Ee?a, 1995 —
1998/.

INIAENOEE AIANIE caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
iniiaieo ?aeae ? iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie; aecia/aii? oiia,
ui caaacia/othoue aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ae?oae;
?ic?iaoe? iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaii? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a; i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe
?ie?a ia aac? caaaeueiiina?oi?o oa niaoe?aeueieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o aeaaiaaeoeyoe
iaeiiin?aieo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a.

NO?OEOO?A oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neeaaea? 190 noi??iie. O ?iaio? iiaeaii 8 noai, 8
oaaeeoeue, 2 iaethiee, 5 aeiaeaoe?a. O nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae 265
iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie ? aea?? oaie,
aea?oueny caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/a?oueny ia??eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoa, a?iioaca, caaaeaiiy, ?ice?eaathoueny iaoiaeieia?/i?
iniiae, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia, iaa?oioiaothoueny
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, a??ia?aei?noue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, iiaeathoueny aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a, aecia/athoueny aoaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe.

O IA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? — “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?” —
?icaeyiooi i?iaeaio oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o eiioaeno? ??cieo aaeocae
iaoeiaeo ciaiue, iiaeaii aiae?c a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii?
ineoieia?/ii?, iaaeaaia?/ii?, ienoaoeoaiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e, ?ice?eoi
iniaeeaino? aeyaeaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o ioce/i?e ae?yeueiino?,
aecia/aii e?eoa??? oa iieacieee noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a
iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

Aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo aeaea?ae c i?iaeaie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae aeicaieea
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aaaaoianiaeoi?noue iiaeyae?a o/aieo ia ?o i?e?iaeo,
no?oeoo?o, oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy oa iaaeinoaoith ?ic?iaeo ieoaiiy i?i oai?/?
cae?aiino? a ae?yeueiino? ooaeiaeiueiai ni?yioaaiiy.

I?e?iaea cae?aiinoae a?o/eciyieie a/aieie o?aeoo?oueny c iiceoe?e
ae?yeuei?niiai, ooieoe?iiaeueii-aaiaoe/iiai oa noa??eoiiai i?aeoiae?a.
I?aaenoaaieee ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo (A.Aiaiue?a, E.Aeaionueeee,
I.Eiaaeueia, A.I?yneuaa, N.?oa?iooaei, A.Oaieia oa ?i.) ?icaeyaeathoue
cae?aiino? ye aeanoeaino? /e iniaeeaino? iniaenoino?, ui coiiaeththoue
oni?oi?noue aeeiiaiiy ae?yeueiino?.

I?aaenoaaieee ooieoe?iiaeueii-aaiaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo ( ?.?eue?i,
A.?onaeia, A.Oaae?eeia oa ?i.) ?icaeyaeathoue cae?aiino? c iiceoe?e
ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai, a aaiacen cae?aiinoae — c iiceoe?e
niaaeeiaino?.

Iniaeea?noue noa??eoiiai i?aeoiaeo (O.A?oai??aa, N.Iaoiaiei, I.Oieiaeia,
A.Iinea?ia oa ?i.) iieyaa? a oiio, ui oai?/? cae?aiino? ?icaeyaeathoueny
ia ye ?cieueiaaia, a?aeiinii naiino?eia ye?noue ethaeeie, a ye ?noioii
iaiao?aeia neeaaeiaa ?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Ca oaeeo oiia ye?ni?
a?aei?iiino? ? iane?aeeii iaaii? yeino? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino?
a?ae aeeoo?aeo i???ioe??a ? oe?iiiinoae aei ae??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo
caaaeaiue (iaa/aeueieo, nioe?aeueieo oiui).

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaiae?ciaaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
cae?aiino? — oea no?ee? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i? aeanoeaino?
iniaenoino?, ye? ? iaiao?aeiith aioo??oiueith oiiaith ?? oni?oii?
ae?yeueiino?. Caaeaoee ye aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? iiceo ?
ia?aiai? nenoaie ? i?e?iaeiith iniiaith aeieeiaiiy e ooieoe?iioaaiiy
cae?aiinoae, aea c iiiyooyi “cae?aiino?” ia ioioiaeiththoueny. A
caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiio ieai? a/aieie iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?
iaoai?cie oi?ioaaiiy cae?aiinoae o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy. I?e
oeueiio ?oi?e ?icaeoie a?aeaoaa?oueny aoaeoeai?oa ca oiiae a?aooaaiiy ye
aaiaoe/ieo ia?aaeoiia, oae ? nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo aieea?a na?aaeiaeua.
Caaaeueiiaeciaiei ? iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui cae?aiino? oi?iothoueny a
ae?yeueiino?, i?ioa o no/anieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo cia/ia oaaaa
i?eae?ey?oueny iniaeeainoyi ineo?/ii? i?aai?caoe?? noa??eoa, oiaoi
iioaioe?aeueiei ?aca?aai iniaenoino?, a?ae yeeo caeaaeaoue oai?/?
aeinyaiaiiy.

Oai?/?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?iaeoeoeaia ethaenueea ae?yeuei?noue,
caeaoia ii?iaeaeoaaoe ye?nii iia? iaoa??aeuei? oa aeooiai? oe?iiino?
(N.Aii/a?aiei), ye ae?yeuei?noue, ni?yiiaaia ia naiiae?aaeaiiy ?
naiiaeooae?caoe?th iniaenoino? (Ae.Aiaiyaeainueea, C.Eaeieeiaa), ye
aca?iiae?y — aeaea?aei aoaeue-yeiai ?icaeoeo (ss.Iiiiia?ueia) oiui.
Neioac iiiyoue “cae?aiino?” ? “oai?/?noue” coiiaea ?iai/a aecia/aiiy
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ye eiiieaeno ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae iniaenoino?, ui ? noa??eoeaieie oiiaaie oni?oiiai aeeiiaiiy
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeey ?icoi?iiy noo? ? no?oeoo?e oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ?icaeyiooi
eiioeaioe?? ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a (E.Ni??iai — iaeiioaeoi?ia;
?.Oi?iaeaee, ?.Oaaai, E.Oa?noii — ioeueo?oaeoi?ia; O.Aa?iii — ???a?o?/ia
oa ?i.) oa aeine?aeaeaii iiaeyaee a?o/eciyieo o/aieo (A.Aiae?a?a, I.Eoe,
I.Iaothoe?i, A.Iieyei, ss.Iiiiia?ueia, A.?iiaiaoeue, I.Oeoiie?ia,
A.Ooa?inueeee oa ?i.).

Aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/ea ?icoi?iiy ?ioaa?aoeaiiai
oa?aeoa?o oai?/eo cae?aiinoae, a yeiio ia?aie?oathoueny iioeaaoe?ei?,
eiai?oeai?, aa?enoe/i?, iia?aoe?ei? oa ?io? /eiieee.

Aeey aecia/aiiy noo? ? eiiiiiaio?a oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o i?ioean?
ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? iaiao?aeiei aoa ?icaeyae oe??? i?iaeaie o
ioceeiciaa/iio eiioaeno?.

Ioce/ia ae?yeuei?noue ia? o?e iniiai? ??ciiaeaee: ni?eeiaiiy, aeeiiaiiy
? oai?aiiy. Iane??cia i?iiecoaaiiy oai?/?noth an?o eiiiiiaio?a ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino? aecia/a? iniaeea?noue aeaniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioce/iiai
iaa/aiiy, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oai?/ee iiooeiaee i?ioean, ni?yiiaaiee
ia noeioethaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ae?oae o i?ioean? ioce/iiai
i?ciaiiy.

I/aaeaeiei ? aca?iica?ycie i?ae oi?ioaaiiyi iioeaaoe?? aeeoeie e
aoaeoeai?noth ?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. Iioeaaoe?y ioce/ii-oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? cooiiaeaia i?e?iaeith ? niaoeeo?eith ioceee ye ienoaoeoaa,
iniiaiei iioeaii ? anoaoe/ia iio?aaa, ui ni?yiiao? ia aeeaiea, oai?/a
iaieiae?iiy ienoaoeoaii. O iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe? aeoeaii
oi?io?oueny i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an aei ioceee, yeee ia?a?inoa? a
ioce/ii-i?ciaaaeueio iio?aao, ui i?iyaey?oueny a i?aaiaii? aei iiai?
ioce/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aaaeaii? aenia?eiaiooaaoe c? caoeaie, oiaoi aei
aeanieo ?ii?ia?caoe?e.

Aano?aeoi?, aaaaoicia/i? ioce/i? ia?ace ia?iaeaeothoue o noa??eoa
anioe?aoe??, caaaeyee yeei ia?ac iaaoaa? iniaeno?niiai nieneo, ui
ni?aa?aeiineoueny c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei aeeoo?aei oa ooaeiaei?i aeina?aeii
aeeoeie a?aeiia?aeii aei iniaeeainoae ?? ni?eeiaiiy,
ia?acii-anioe?aoeaiiai ieneaiiy, oyae oiui.

Coneeey o?aaeeoe?eii? ioce/ii? iaaeaaia?ee ni?yiiaoaaeeny ia?aaaaeii ia
oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-ia?acieo anioe?aoe?e caaaeueiiai oeio, ui
canaiththoueny ye noni?eueii-?noi?e/iee aeina?ae. O no/aniiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio eiioaeno? i??i?eoaoi?oei noa? ni?yiiaai?noue ia
oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-anioe?aoeaiiai oiiaeo “?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai oeio”,
ui iia?ycaiee c aaaaoueia ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie /eiieeaie ? i?iyaey?oueny o
aeaniiio ioce/iiio ia?ac? (A.Iaeeao), noai?aii? aa??aioo inieneaiiy
(A.Iaaeooaanueeee), a?ae/ooo? a ioce/iiio oai?ia? ia o?eueee
ioce/ii-aeai?iaeo ? noeeueiaeo iciae, a e ianaiia?aae, aeeaieiai
iniaeno?niiai ci?noo, oiaoi a ?ioa?i?aooaaii? ioce/iiai ia?aco, ui aaea
naia ii nia? ? oai?/ith ae?yeuei?noth. Oaea ?icoi?iiy coiiaeth? oeyoe
?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ia o?eueee a i?iaeoeoeaieo aeaeao ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, a e o ae?yeueiino? ni?eeiaiiy ? ieneaiiy. Oi?eaeuei?noue
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?ciaiiy ?ice?eaa?oueny a ioce/i?e ?ii?ia?caoe??,
iayai?noue ? iniaeeai ia?acia ae?aci?noue yei? ? ?acoeueoaoii ?icaeoeo
oe?e?nii? no?oeoo?e oai?/eo cae?aiinoae.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co aeacaieo aeua i?aeoiae?a oai?/? cae?aiino? o
i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? aecia/athoueny ye ?ioaa?aeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaenoino?, ui a?aeia?aaea? ?? aeanoeaino? oa
iniaeeaino?, ni?yiiao? ia ia?aoai?thaaeueio ae?yeuei?noue ? caaacia/o?
oai?/ee ??aaiue oe??? ae?yeueiino? caaaeyee ?aeiino? o?ueio iniiaieo
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a — iioeaaoe?eiiai, ieneeoaeueiiai ?
i?aeoe/ii-ae?yeuei?niiai. A?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa,
a?eia? iniaeeaino? ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo aeae?eaii oai?/?
cae?aiino?, iaiao?aei? e aeinoaoi? aeey cae?eniaiiy oai?/i? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?:

— i ? c i a a a e ue i e e ? i o a ? a n aei ioceee, ine?eueee
iioeaaoe?eiee aniaeo no?oeoo?e cae?aiinoae a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o
i?ciaaaeueiiio i?ioean? (I.Iaothoe?i), ? ioneiaei iaoai?ciii oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? (I.Eoe), iaeaaaeeea?oei eiiiiiaioii no?oeoo?e cae?aiinoae
(A.Aiae?a?a), no?eeith noeeuei?noth (A.Oaieia);

— i a ? a c i i — a n i oe ? a o e a i a ioce/ia (?ioiiaoe?eia) i e n e
a i i y ye aeii?ioth/ee niin?a i?ciaiiy ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa;

— cae?ai?noue aei ? i o a ? i ? a o a oe ? ? oa ? i i ? i a ? c a oe
? ? ye aaciina?aaei? naiiae?aaeaiiy aeeoeie o ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino?.

?ic?iaeaii nenoaio e?eoa???a, ui ioiiethaaee iniiai? iioeaaoe?ei?,
eiai?oeai? ? ae?yeuei?ni? neeaaeia? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae c a?aeiia?aeieie
iieacieeaie:

— i i o e a a oe ? e i e e (iayai?noue oai?/eo iioea?a ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, oa?aeoa? noaaeaiiy o/i?a aei oai?/i? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?);

— e i a i ? o e a i e e (??aaiue ia?acii-anioe?aoeaiiai ?ici??eiaoaaiiy
(?ioa?i?aoaoe??) o/i?a o i?ioean? ae??oaiiy iiooeiaeo caaaeaiue,
ia?acii-?ioiiaoe?eia ieneaiiy);

— ae ? y e ue i ? n i e e (nooi?iue aeyao naiino?eiino? o i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue “a?aee?eoiai” oeio, i?iya aeaniiai “noeeth” o
noai?aii? ia?ac?a-?ioiiaoe?e i?ae /an ?ii?ia?caoe??).

Aeey c?ynoaaiiy aeaieo aeei?enoaia eiiieaenia iaoiaeeea ae?aaiinoeee,
yea aeeth/aea iaaeaaia?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ioce/iith ae?yeuei?noth
o/i?a, i?i?-aieaoe aeey ae?oae oa aieaooaaiiy aaouee?a, oanooaaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaieo oai?/eo caaaeaiue, cie?aia
caaaeaiue ia ?ii?ia?caoe?th, aiae?c ?ii?ia?caoe?e oa ?ioeo oai?/eo ?ia?o
ae?oae (iaethie?a, aie?eaoe?e, ?iciia?aeae-?ioa?i?aoaoe?e, ae?ia?a c
aeeie, oi?aia?ao?/ieo aothae?a oiui).

Ia iniia? aeae?eaieo e?eoa???a aecia/aii o?e ??ai? noi?iiaaiino?
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae, (oiiaii iacaaieo aenieei, na?aaei?i, iecueeei),
noi?iaiaeaeaieo iieniaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ui caaacia/eei iiaeeea?noue
eaae?o?eiaaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy ae?aaiinooth/iai oa eiio?ieueiiai
aenia?eiaioaeueieo c??c?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo, yeee ioiiethaaa 1-2
eeane o?ueio caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaae?a (oeiea-?ioa?iao ? 23 i.Ee?aa,
NO ? 5 i.Iieoaae, Uoeueaeinueea NO Noa?ia?euenueeiai ?-io Eoaainueei?
iae. ) oa aeaio caeeaae?a ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai i?io?eth (ioce/ia
oeiea ?1 i.Neaa?yinueea Aeiiaoeueei? iae., I?aeaioia/a oeiea Ee?anueei?
aeeoy/i? Aeaaeai?? ienoaoeoa) aeyaea caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino?
noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo. Oae,
o/i? caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ciaoiaeyoueny ia iecueeiio (eiio?ieueia
a?oia — 76%; aenia?eiaioaeueia a?oia — 72%) oa na?aaeiueiio
(eiio?ieueia — 24%; aenia?eiaioaeueia — 28%) ??aiyo noi?iiaaiino?
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ca a?aenooi?noth aenieiai.

C?yniaaii, ui o/i? niaoe?aeueieo oe?e aeyaeee aenieee ??aaiue ioce/ieo
cae?aiinoae ? oae? ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo: iecueeee ??aaiue — 26,6%
a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ? eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao; na?aaei?e — 53,3% ? 60% oa
aenieee — 20% ? 13,4% o oeo aea a?oiao. Eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio
iieacaa ?aeaioe/i?noue ?acoeueoao?a noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
na?aae o/i?a oe?e caaaeueiiina?oiiai oeio (??cieoey neeaaea? 1-5%) oa
na?aae o/i?a niaoe?aeueieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a (??cieoey neeaaea?
1-3%). Aeyaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ? na?ae/aiiyi iaeiia?/iino? o?aaeeoe?eiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei ioce/iiai iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy, ui cia/ii iaiaaeo?
iiaeeeaino? oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? ae?oae o ioce/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

Aea/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeaea?ae oa aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio noi?iiaaiino?
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae aeaoa?i?ioaaei ?ic?iaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oa
iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

O Ae?OAIIO ?ICAe?E? aecia/athoueny e iaa?oioiaothoueny iaaeaaia?/i?
oiiae, ui ni?eythoue aoaeoeaiino? oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a
ii/aoeiai? oeiee, aena?oeth?oueny ia?aa?a oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith, aeeeaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaa?oioiaaii iioeiaeuei?
iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o
i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?:

1. Caaacia/aiiy iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai oa?aeoa?o iaaeaaia?/ii?
aca?iiae?? a/eoaey e o/i?a o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? i?ae /an
iiaioaaiiy ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa.

2. Iaaeaaia?/ia noeioethaaiiy oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? ae?oae iieiaeoiai
oe?eueiiai a?eo a i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?, noai?aiiy aiioe?eii
ni?eyoeeaiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai na?aaeiaeua.

3. Canai?iiy o/iyie caaaeueiiiiooeiaeo oi?iue a an?o aeaeao ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino? — ni?eeiaii?, aeeiiaii?, oai?aii?.

4. Iiaoaii?noue aeeth/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o oai?/o ioce/io
ae?yeuei?noue (?ioa?i?aoaoe?y, ?ii?ia?caoe?y).

5. Iaieiae?iiy oeiey?aie ?ioiiaoe?eii-ia?aciith iiaith ioce/iiai
ienoaoeoaa o aeani?e ioce/ii-iiaeaii?a?e ae?yeueiino?.

6. Aaaaeaiiy aeaiaio?a ?ioaa?aoe?? ienoaoeoa o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee
i?ioean ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

Ia?oa iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa aeaoa?i?io? ci?io oa?aeoa?o aca?iei i?ae
o/anieeaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano, cai?io o?aaeeoe?eii?
aaoi?eoa?ii? iiaeae? iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy ia iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaio.
Iaaeaaia?/ia aca?iiae?y iaoeia noa??eo-noa??eoiee oa?aeoa?, yeui
no?aoaa?y ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey aoaeo?oueny ia aoiai?caoe?? ni?eeoaaiiy,
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo onoaiiaeao (oanee?oaoe?y, ae?aeia?caoe?y,
ni?aoai?/?noue oiui), aeei?enoaii? iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo cania?a oa
iaoiae?a iaaeaaia?/iiai ? aeoiaiiai aieeao, ui noeioeth? aeoeai?noue,
naiino?ei?noue, ?i?oe?aoeao, ni?ey? ii?aeiaiith oai?/i? naiaiaee o/i?a
?c ni?yioaaiiyi ?oiuei? ae?yeueiino? a/eoaeai, aiioe?eiino? ni?eeoaaiiy
c i?iyaaie iiaaae, aeia?ice/eeaino? o/aniee?a iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano.

Ae?oaa iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa ia?aaeaa/a? iaaeaaia?/ia noeioethaaiiy
oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? o/i?a, ui cae?enith?oueny caaaeyee nenoai?
i?yieo ? iiina?aaeeiaaieo aieea?a ia aeeoeio c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy
i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano, i?aeo?eiee oai?/eo aeaiaio?a o ioce/i?e
ae?yeueiino?. Aei i?yieo aieea?a iaeaaeeoue canoinoaaiiy ae?aaee
iaoiae?a “aa?enoe/ia aan?aea — oai?/? caaaeaiiy”, ui caaacia/o? ae?th
iaoai?cio i?ciaiiy “ieneaiiy — ae?y”, ine?eueee canai?i? niiniae
iiooeiai? ae?yeueiino? ca aeiiiiiaith noeioeyoe?? c aieo a/eoaey a
aa?enoe/i?e aan?ae?, cae??ieththoueny o/iyie o aeani?e i?aeoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino?, ni?yiiaai?e ia noai?aiiy ioce/ieo ia?ac?a i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy oai?/eo caaaeaiue.

Iiina?aaeeiaaiei caniaii noeioethaaiiy oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? o/i?a ?
noai?aiiy aeoiaiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui i???ioo? ia aeciaiiy aeeoeiith
oe?iiino? oai?/eo ?en iniaenoino?, ci?io ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo a eean? a iai?yi? aeia??e, iiaaae aei aeeoeie, oaaaeiiai
noaaeaiiy aei ?? ae?yeueiino? oiui.

O?aoy iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa caaacia/o? ?icaeoie i?ciaaaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
o/i?a, iaae/ie naiino?eii cae?enithaaoe i?ioean ioce/iiai i?ciaiiy.
Iaoiaeeea ia?aaeaa/a? iaieiae?iiy o/iyie ieneeoaeueieie ae?yie (aiae?c,
ii??aiyiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy oiui), ye? ? aeaiaioaie
i?ciaaaeueii-iiooeiaiai i?ioeano o aoaeue-yeeo aeaeao ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Ca?aeii c /aoaa?oith iaaeaaia?/iith oiiaith a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiaa
iaieiae?iiy o/iyie i?eeiiaie aaaeaiiy oai?/iai iiooeo a?ae aoaio
iaeneiaeueii? noeioeyoe?? ae?e o/i?a o/eoaeai aei naiino?eii-oai?/iai
aoaio, ia yeiio o/anoue o/eoaey ? i?i?iaeueiith. Ia ia?oiio
(i?iiaaeaaoe/iiio) oa ae?oaiio (/anoeiai-iiooeiaiio) aoaiao o/i?
cae?eniththoue ie?ai? naiino?ei? aa?enoe/i? ae??. Ia?ao?ae aei aeuiai
aoaio a?aeaoaa?oueny oiae?, eiee cieea? iaiao?aei?noue o iiai?e /e
/anoeia?e noeioeyoe?? o/i?a o/eoaeai, c?inoa? ??aaiue naiino?eii?
oai?/ino? o ioce/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

I?yoa iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa ni?yiiao? ioce/ia iaa/aiiy ia oi?ioaaiiy a
o/i?a aaaeaiiy naiiae?aceoeny ooaeiaeiuei-ia?aciith iiaith ioceee, a
iaaoooy oaoi?/ieo oi?iue a?aeaoaa?oueny o i?ioean? iiooeo iaiao?aeieo
cania?a ao?eaiiy ioce/iiai ia?aco, oiaoi a ?ii?ia?caoe?ei?e ae?yeueiino?
oeiey??a.

Oinoa iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa caaacia/o? oe?e?ni?noue ooaeiaeiueiai
i?ciaiiy, oi?ioaaiiy cae?aiino? ieneeoe nenoaiii o i?ioean? ae??oaiiy
oai?/eo ioce/ieo caaaeaiue.

Niaoeeo?ea ?ioaa?aoe?? iieyaa? a ioiieaii? caaaeueiianoaoe/ieo iiiyoue,
ni?eueieo aeey aaaaoueio aeae?a ienoaoeoaa. Ia?aaeon?i oea oae? aeaiaioe
ooaeiaeiuei? iiae, ye ?eoi, /an, ?oo, neiao??y, eiio?ano, oi?ia,
eiiiiceoe?y, ?icaeoie oa ?i., ye? o/i? iiaiiaothoue oeyoii aeaniiai
a?aee?eooy o i?ioean? ni?eeiaiiy ooaeiaei?o oai??a, aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?e?iaeieo yaeu, aenia?eiaiooaaiiy c? caoeaie, oa?aaie, neiaanieie oa
ieanoe/ieie ia?acaie oiui. Oaeei /eiii, aeeoeia i?cia? aeiae?eey,
ienoaoeoai e naiiai naaa.

Aaaaeaiiy aeaiaio?a ?ioaa?aoe?? ienoaoeoa a?oiooaaeiny ia
iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo canaaeao eo?no “I?iiaaeaaoeea
ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiaiiy”, ?ic?iaeaiiai E.Ianie oa aaeaioiaaiiai ca
o/anoth aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aaeaioaoe?y iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia a?aeaoaaeany o ia?aa?ao oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee noeioethaaiiy oai?/i?
naii?aae?caoe?? o/i?a iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai oeio.

Iaoiaeeea ?icaeyaea?oueny ye can?a ni?eyiiy oai?/?e naii?aae?caoe??
o/i?a o i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? ia iniia? iaoiae?a noeioethaaiiy,
ui iathoue iniaeno?nio ni?yiiaai?noue ? aieeaathoue ia oai?/a
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, oe?ii?nia noaaeaiiy aei iniaenoino?.

Iaoiaeeea noeioethaaiiy oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? o/i?a iniaeno?nii
ci???ioiaaiiai oeio aecia/a?oueny:

— aoiaiiei oa?aeoa?ii iaaeaaia?/ii? aca?iiae?? noa??eo?a iaa/aiiy ia
iniia? ni?ai?aoe?, ni?aoai?/ino?, ae?aeiao;

— ia?aianaiiyi aeoeaio?a o iaa/aii? c i?ioeano canai?iiy ciaiue ia ?o
a?aee?eooy o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? o/i?a;

— aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a iaaeaaia?/iiai noeioethaaiiy o eiiieaen?
aa?enoe/ia aan?aea — oai?/? caaaeaiiy, ui caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue
ei?aeoiiai ? aio/eiai aieeao ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
o/i?a ? iaaeaiiy oeiey?ai naiino?eiino?;

— noai?aiiyi aiioe?eii-caaaa/aiiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui
aeicaiey? ci?iaoe ii/oooy iaaiaaiaiino? a nia?, no?aoo ia?aae
iaaaoeaieie ioe?iieie noaeaeaiiyie, ni?ey? anoaiiaeaiith ae?oaei?o
aca?iia?aeiinei noa??eo?a iaa/aiiy, oi?io? oai?/o iioeaaoe?th oe???
ae?yeueiino?, i?aeaeuo? oe?ii?noue iniaenoino?. Oea aeinyaa?oueny
?a?iaeie iaoiaeaie oa i?eeiiaie caioi/aiiy, iiceaiith i?aeo?eieith,
noai?aiiyi neooaoe?e oni?oo, a?eueiiai aeai?o, aiioe?eii-iiceoeaieo
ia?aaeeaaiue oiui;

— ni?yioaaiiyi ia i?aai?caoe?th oai?/iai i?ioeano o an?o aeaeao
ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ui aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe oai?/? cae?aiino?
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o eiiieaen?;

— iiaeeea?noth nenoaiaoe/iiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy o/i?a aaciina?aaeiuei ia
o?ieao ioceee, ui aeicaiey? i?inoaaeoaaoe aeeiai?eo noaiiaeaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae ? aieeaaoe ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei oeeo ci?i;

— oaoiieia?/i?noth, oiaoi cae?eniaiiyi ei?aeoe?? caeaaeii a?ae
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa a?oiiaeo aeae?a ?iaioe ia o?ioe?, ??aiy
noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a, oeio iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oa
?i.;

— aoaii?noth aeeth/aiiy oeiey??a o oai?/o ioce/io ae?yeuei?noue, ui
caaacia/o? aeo?ae ia ??aaiue /anoeiai-naiino?eiiai oa a ia?niaeoea? —
naiino?eiiai i?ciaiiy ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, ui ? ?acoeueoaoii iaaoooy
ciaiue ia ye aioiaeo oi?ioethaaiue a/eoaey, a oeyoii a?aee?eooy ?
oai?/iai iiooeo. Oaeee i?aeo?ae caaacia/o? iaieiae?iiy aeaiaioaie
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? oa iaaoooy aeina?aeo ?? cae?eniaiiy.

Oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeany aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioyaii 1995-1998 ?ie?a ia aac? oeiee-eaai?aoi???
?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie (oeiea-?ioa?iao ?23 i.Ee?aa) oa
I?aeaioia/i? oeiee Ee?anueei? aeeoy/i? Aeaaeai?? ienoaoeoa (ioce/iee,
oi?aia?ao?/iee, oaao?aeueiee, ooaeiaei?e oaeoeueoaoe).

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaiiy o/i? 6-e aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi (2 — ?c
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee, 4 — c? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee) iaa/aeeny ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith noeioethaaiiy; a o/i? 6-e eiio?ieueieo a?oi (2
— ?c caaaeueiiina?oiueiai caeeaaeo ? 4 — c? niaoe?aeueiiai caeeaaeo)
i?aoethaaee ca o?aaeeoe?eiith iaoiaeeeith aeeeaaeaiiy ioceee a
ii/aoeia?e oeie?. Aeey iiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo ?acoeueoao?a o oaaeeoeyo c
on?o aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi caaaeueiiina?oiueiai
caeeaaeo aea?aii 1 aenia?eiaioaeueio ? 1 eiio?ieueio a?oie, aiaeia?/ii —
c on?o aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi niaoe?aeueieo caeeaae?a
aea?aii 1 aenia?eiaioaeueio ? 1 eiio?ieueio.

Ia ia?oiio — i?iiaaeaaoe/iiio aoai? — iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi aoei
i?iaoaeeoe i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an aei ioceee /a?ac aeanio iiooeiao
ae?yeuei?noue. C ia?oeo e?ie?a iaa/aiiy o/i? caeo/aeeny aei
ni?aoai?/ino? c a/eoaeai o oaeeo caaaeaiiyo, a yeeo aiie iiaee
cae?enieoe iaei?ino?o? niiniae oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?. Oai?/? caaaeaiiy
i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o “I?eoia?aie iano?ith”, “Ioce/iee na?oeioi?”,
“Aeaa ei?ie?anoaa ioce/ieo caoe?a” nie?aeeny ia aeeoo?aee oa anoaoe/iee
aeina?ae o/i?a, ui aeiiiiaaaei iaieiae?iith iaae/eaie ni?eeiaiiy ?
inieneaiiy aiioe?eii-ia?aciiai ci?noo ioceee oa caaacia/oaaei
aioiai?noue ae?oae aei aeeth/aiiy o a?eueo ?icai?iooee iiooeiaee
i?ioean.

C iaoith niiioeaiiy o/i?a aei oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe??, a/eoaeue
noai?thaaa aiioe?eii caaaa/aia iaa/aeueii-aeoiaia na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio
iaioaaea aoiinoa?a aeia??e, aca?iiiiaaae aei aeoiie ? ae?e eiaeii?
aeeoeie. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoinoaaeeny ??ci? iaoiaee ? i?eeiie: aea??
aa??aio?a caaaeaiue, ioce/ia a?a, neooaoe?y-aea?o, ioce/i? caaaaeee
oiui, ui ni?eyee ?ice??ia/aiith o/i?a, caoe?eaaethaaee ?o iiaeeea?noth
a?aoe o/anoue o i?ioean? oai?/ino?.

Aeey oi?ioaaiiy o ae?oae iio?aae o aeaniiio ?ioiiaoe?eii-ia?aciiio
iiooeo aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?a?e-caaaeaiiy “ *oaeicaioe?”, “Ioce/ia eoia”,
a yeeo o/i? /a?ac ioce/ii-iiaeaii?ao ae?yeuei?noue ciaeiieeeny c
ia?aciith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ??cieo ioce/ieo ?ioiiaoe?e, ui ?icoe?thaaei
?oi?e ?ioiiaoe?eiee aeina?ae.

Ia /anoeiai-naiino?eiiio aoai? — iniiaieie noeioeaie ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino? noathoue iioeae naii?aae?caoe??, aaaeaiiy aeeth/eoeny o
i?ioean ioce/iiai i?ciaiiy, i?aaiaiiy aca?iiae?? c a/eoaeai oa ?ioeie
o/iyie, a oaeiae aeyaeaiiy aeanii? iiceoe?? a ?ioa?i?aooaaii? ioce/ieo
ia?ac?a ? noai?aii? aeaniiai (?ii?ia?caoe??).

Noeioethaaiiy o/i?a ia oeueiio aoai? a?aeaoaaeiny aio/e?oa ii??aiyii c
i?iiaaeaaoe/iei. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a noeioethaaiiy
cae?enithaaeiny oaeei /eiii, uia iaaeaoe o/iyi yeiaea?eueoa iiaeeeainoae
aeey naiiae?aaeaiiy /a?ac ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th oa ?ii?ia?caoe?th.
Aeoea?coaaeeny iiooeia? ae?? ae?oae, oneeaaeithaaany ci?no aa?enoe/ii?
aan?aee, o??ciiiai?oithaaeeny oai?/? caaaeaiiy o ??cieo aeaeao ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?: ni?eeiaii? (oai?/a caaaeaiiy “Ioce/iee ii?o?ao”),
aeeiiaii? (oai?/a caaaeaiiy “Ioce/i? caieoaiiy e a?aeiia?ae?”).
Iiaiiaoth/e ?ioiiaoe?eii-ia?acio iiao ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, o/i? ca
oiiae iacia/ii? noeioeyoe?? c aieo a/eoaey noai?thaaee ??ci?
aa??aioe-?ii?ia?caoe?? aieaeueiiai oai?o (“Niiy/iee cae/ee” ioc.
A.Oiaioey, ne. A. Einoaoeueeiai), ioce/ii? i??ne (“O noo?ieao”
I.Ae?aiethae), aeneiaethaaee a?aaeaiiy a?ae ooaeiaei?o ia?ac?a o
aeanieo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?yo.

I?ae /an ae?oaiai aoaio a?aeaoaaeiny ?icoe?aiiy ? iiaeeaeaiiy ioce/iiai
ni?eeiaiiy, anioe?aoeaiiai ieneaiiy, oyae ae?oae caniaaie aaaaeaiiy
aeaiaio?a ?ioaa?aoe?? ienoaoeoa. I?eeeaaeaie aoaeoeaiiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?aea? ?ioaa?aoe?? o iaa/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ? o?aaiaioe caiyoue, a
yeeo o/i? “a?aee?eaathoue” anoaoe/i? iiiyooy (iai?eeeaae, “eiei?eo”,
“?iiaei”) o i?ioean? ni?eiaiiy ioce/ieo, ooaeiaei?o, iiaoe/ieo ia?ac?a,
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?o ooaeiaeiueiai ci?noo, aenia?eiaiooaaiiy c ioce/ieie
caoeaie.

Ia o?aoueiio — oai?/i-naiino?eiiio aoai? — ?iaioa iaaeaaiaa
ni?yiiaoaaeany ia aeeeee aaaeaiue iaea?aeaoe iiao ioce/io ?ioi?iaoe?th,
?aae?coaaoe naaa o ??cieo aeaeao ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Naiino?eia
ia?acii-anioe?aoeaia ioce/ia ieneaiiy o/i?a aeyaeyeiny a aa?enoe/ieo
aan?aeao oa o aeeiiaii? oai?/eo caaaeaiue, ye? aeiaaaee a?ae o/i?a
iiooeo aaaaoiaa??aioieo a?aeiia?aeae, ni?eyee c?inoaiith naiino?eiino?,
i?ea?iaeueiino? o o?aeooaaii? ioce/ieo ia?ac?a, aeyeaiith aeaniiai
“noeeth” a ?ii?ia?caoe?yo. Caaaeyee noai?aiith aoiinoa?e oai?/iai
ni?eyiiy o/i? aeeth/athoueny o i?ioean ?ioai?aoaoe??, iaea?aeoth/e
caaeiaieaiiy.

?ioaa?aoe?y ienoaoeoa ia?aaeaa/aea canoinoaaiiy aeaiaio?a
oaao?aeueiiai, oi?aia?ao?/iiai, aeaei?aoeaii-i?eeeaaeiiai ienoaoeoa,
a?o?oaeoo?e, aeecaeio oiui.

C?noaaeaiiy iaea?aeaieo aeaieo i?ae /an ii/aoeiaiai ? e?ioeaaiai c??c?a
iieacaee, ui ca anoaiiaeaieie e?eoa??yie ? iieacieeaie o/i?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi oe?e ye caaaeueiina?oiueiai oae ? niaoe?aeueiiai
oei?a i?iaeaiiino?oaaee cia/ii aeu? ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyii c o/iyie
eiio?ieueieo a?oi (Oaae.1). Oae, ciaioeeany e?euee?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo
o/i?a a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? oeiee caaaeueiiina?oiueiai oeio c
iecueeei ??aiai noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae (aoei 72%, noaei 36%),
c?inea e?euee?noue ae?oae na?aaeiueiai — 48% (aoei 28%), ? aenieiai
??ai?a — 16% (aoei 0). O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? o??? ae oeiee cia/ieo ci?i
ia a?aeaoeiny, oi/a iaa/aiiy ca o?aaeeoe?eiith iaoiaeeeith ni?eyei oiio,
ui aeaye? o/i? ia?aeoee ia aeuee ii??aiyii c iieacieeaie eiinoaooth/iai
c??co ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae, iaeiae aenieiai ??aiy
ia aeinyaiooi aeiaeiei o/iai.

O/i? aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai caeeaaeo, ui
aeyaeee na?aaei?e ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiinoaooth/iai
c??co, ia?aeoee ia aenieee ??aaiue, ui noaiiaeoue 80% caaaeueii?
e?eueeino? o/i?a i?e a?aenooiino? o/i?a c iecueeei ??aiai. O
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aeyaeaii oae? ci?ie: iecueeee ??aaiue cao?eniaaii o
6,6% (aoei 26,6%), na?aaei?e — 60% (aoei 53, 3%), aenieee — 33,3% ( aoei
20%).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea noi?iiaaiino? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oa eiio?ieueieo a?oi caaaeueiina?oiueiai ?
niaoe?aeueiiai caeeaae?a / o %/

C?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?icaeoeo oai?/eo ? ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae o/i?a
oe?e caaaeueiiai oeio oa aeoiaaioe?a oe?e anoaoe/iiai i?io?eth aea?
i?aenoaae aeey oaeeo ocaaaeueiaiue:

— o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ca ?ic?iaeaiith aenia?eiaioaeueiith iaoiaeeeith
o/i?, ui aoee ia iecueeiio oa na?aaeiueiio ??aiyo ?icaeoeo ioce/ieo
cae?aiinoae, iieacaee aeu? oai?/? caeiaooee ii??aiyii c ?acoeueoaoaie
eiinoaooth/iai c??co (Aeea. iae. 1). Oea iiynith?oueny ni?yiiaai?noth
iaoi? iaoiaeeee ia iino?eio i?aeo?eieo iaeiaioeo oai?/eo i?iya?a
aeeoeie, noeioethaaiiy ?? ooaeiaeiuei? naii?aae?caoe??;

— iayai?noue aeia?a ?icaeiaieo ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae, aacia?a/ii,
a?ae?a?a? aaeeeo ?ieue o ?oiueiio ?icaeoeo, iaeiae ia coiiaeth? cia/i?
oai?/? aeinyaiaiiy. I?i oea na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe e?ioeaaiai c??co a
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao oe?e niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai oeio: o/i? c aenieei ??aiai
ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae aeyaeee iacia/i? oai?/? ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyii c
aeaieie eiinoaooth/iai c??co (Aeea. iae. 2).

Iae. 1
Iae. 2

?iciiae?e o/i?a caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee ?iciiae?e o/i?a
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee

ca ??aiyie noi?iiaaiino? ioce/ieo ? ca ??aiyie noi?iiaaiino?
ioce/ieo ?

oai?/eo cae?aiinoae oai?/eo cae?aiinoae

Oaeei /eiii, io?eiai? aeai? ? na?ae/aiiyi iiceoeaiiai aieeao ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeeee noeioethaaiiy oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? ae?oae iniaeno?nii
ci???ioiaaiiai oeio ia i?ioean ? ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo o i?ioean? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.

INIIAI? AENIIAEE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei iniiai? iieiaeaiiy a?iioace ?
aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaee:

1. Aoiai?noe/ia oaiaeaioe?y a ina?o?, i?ia?aeieie ?aeayie yei? ? ??
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y, ?ioaa?aoe?y, aeaoa?i?io?
iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei i?ioeano ioce/iiai
iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy a ii/aoeia?e oeie? c iaeneiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi
oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa ? naiceoeaiino? iieiaeoiai
oe?eueiiai a?eo, ui ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith oai?/i? iniaenoino?.

2. Iaoeiaee aiae?c i?iaeaie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae aeaa ciiao aecia/eoe
nooi?noue oa iniaeeaino? i?iyao oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o i?ioean?
ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Oai?/? cae?aiino? ? ?ioaa?aoeaiith
aaaaoieiiiiiaioiith ye?noth, yea ioiieth? iioeaaoe?eio, eiai?oeaio oa
ae?yeuei?nio noa?e. Aeii?iaioieie eiiiiiaioaie no?oeoo?e oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae o i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? ? i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an aei
ioceee, ia?acii-anioe?aoeaia ioce/ia ieneaiiy, cae?aiino? aei
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa ?ii?ia?caoe??, ui oi?iothoueny o an?o aeaeao ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?. ?ai?acaioeai?oei iieacieeii oai?/eo cae?aiinoae a ioce/i?e
ae?yeueiino? ? iioya aei noai?aiiy ooaeiaei?o caoei-?ioiiaoe?eieo
ia?ac?a oa aeyaeaiiy iniaeno?niiai aiioe?eii-anoaoe/iiai noaaeaiiy aei
ieo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaei, ui ?ic?iaeaia noeoii?noue e?eoa???a aaeaeaaoii
a?aeia?aaea? nooi?noue oai?/eo cae?aiinoae oa a?aoiao? niaoeeo?eo
i?ioeano ?o oi?ioaaiiy.

3. Oni?oia ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
ia?aaoaa? o i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae?? i?ae o/eoaeai ?
o/iai. Ia?ai???ioaoe?y iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ia oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? iniaenoino? ?aae?co?oueny ca oiia ae?aeia?caoe??,
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, oanee?oaoe??, ui iathoue iniaeno?nio ni?yiiaai?noue ?
noeioeththoue aei oai?/iai ?icaeoeo ? naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?.

Aoaeoeaiei oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o i?ioean? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino? ? canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee noeioethaaiiy oai?/i?
naii?aae?caoe?? aeeoeie iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai oeio, ui ?
aeueoa?iaoeaith o?aaeeoe?ei?e nenoai? ?ioi?iaoeaieo oa ?ethno?aoeaieo
iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy. Iaoiaeeea noeioethaaiiy, a iniia? yei?
iieeaaeaii aoiaiiee noeeue iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy, iiaoaeiaaia ia
caniaao i?yiiai oa iiina?aaeeiaaiiai aieeao, iniiaieie na?aae yeeo ?
ae?aaea “aa?enoe/ia aan?aea — oai?/? caaaeaiiy” oa aiioe?eii caaaa/aia
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaia na?aaeiaeua. Oe? neeaaeia? eoeueoeaothoue oai?/?
i?iyae ae?oae, noeioeththoue ?oith oai?/o naii?aae?caoe?th.

4. On? aeaee ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? — ni?eeiaiiy, aeeiiaiiy, oai?aiiy
ioceee — iathoue iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? aeey i?aai?caoe?? oai?/iai
i?ciaaaeueii-iiooeiaiai i?ioeano, o ia?aa?ao yeiai a o/i?a oi?iothoueny
oai?/? cae?aiino?, ui caaacia/othoue aa?aaeueio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th ioce/ieo
ia?ac?a ? ioce/io (aieaeueio oa ?ino?oiaioaeueio) ?ii?ia?caoe?th.

5. Aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
caaacia/o?oueny iine?aeiai?noth ? iiaoaii?noth aeeth/aiiy ?o o oai?/o
ioce/io ae?yeuei?noue. Iine?aeiaia caeo/aiiy o/i?a o oai?/ee i?ioean
a?aeaoaa?oueny caaaeyee ae?aae? “ aa?enoe/ia aan?aea — oai?/?
caaaeaiiy”, yea ni?ey? oni?oiiio iaieiae?iith o/iyie aeaiaioaie
oai?/ino? c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy aeina?aeo oai?/i? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Iiaoaii?noue aeeth/aiiy o/i?a o oai?/o ioce/io ae?yeuei?noue (a?ae
i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai aoaio /a?ac /anoeiai-aa?enoe/iee aei
oai?/i-naiino?eiiai aoaio) aeicaiey? niiaia aeyaeoe ? ?ice?eoe oai?/?
iiaeeeaino?, ine?eueee aio/ea noeioeyoe?y c aieo a/eoaey ia ??cieo
aoaiao niiioea? o/i?a aei aeyaeaiiy a?eueoiai nooiaiy naiino?eiino?,
oai?/ino?, iiooeo, i?ea?iaeueiino?.

6. Oai?/ee ?icaeoie o/i?a cae?enith?oueny aoaeoeai?oa a i?ioean?
naiino?eiiai aenia?eiaiooaaiiy c ioce/ieie caoeaie. Oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ieo
oi?iue ? iaae/ie iiaeiia ?icaeyaeaoeny ia ye naiioe?eue, a ye iaaeaaiiy,
?acoeueoao iniaenoiai caoei-?ioiiaoe?eiiai aenia?eiaiooaaiiy o/i?a.

7. Ii??aiyiiy ooaeiaeiuei-ia?acieo noa? ??cieo aeae?a ienoaoeoa cia/ii
i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a.
Aeeth/aiiy ioceee o caaaeueii-ooaeiaei?e eiioaeno aieeaa? ia
ia?acii-anioe?aoeaia ieneaiiy, oyao, oaioac?th, iiaeeaeth? oa caaaa/o?
aa?aaeuei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa ioce/i? ?ii?ia?caoe?? ae?oae.

8. ?icaeiai?noue ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae o/i?a ? iiceoeaiith ia?aaeoiiaith,
iaeiae ia aa?aioo? aenieeo oai?/eo ?acoeueoao?a o ioce/i?e ae?yeueiino?.
A o/i?a, ui iathoue aenieee ??aaiue ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae, oai?/ee
iioaioe?ae aac niaoe?aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy ?icaeaa?oueny iia?eueii aai
iaeaea ia ?icaeaa?oueny. C?inoaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a c iaaenieei
??aiai ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae caaacia/o?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iaoiaeeee
noeioethaaiiy oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? ae?oae iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai
ni?yioaaiiy. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? an?o aniaeo?a oe???
aaaaoia?aiii? i?iaeaie. Iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aaothoue
iaoai?cie aca?iiae?? oa aca?iiaieeao niaoe?aeueieo ? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
o ooaeiaei?e ae?yeueiino?, no/ani? oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ia canaaeao neioaco ienoaoeoa
oiui.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? o oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. ?aaic?ia A. Ae?aaiinoeea oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o
i?ioean? ooaeiaeiuei? ae?yeueiino? // Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeaie
anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee: Ca??iee i?aoeue
I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — Ee?a-Eooeuee. — 1996. —
N. 65-66.

2. ?aaic?ia A. Ae?aaiinoeea oai?/iai ieneaiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o
i?ioean? ooaeiaeiuei? ae?yeueiino? // ?icaeoie ieneaiiy iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a: Iaoa??aee i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —
E?aiai/oa. — 1996. — N. 89-90.

3. ?aaic?ia A. Aei i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ioce/ieo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ae?oae
iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo // I?iaeaie iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee a oiiaao
?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee: Iaoa??aee ca?oii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
12-13 ea?oiy 1995 ?. *.1, E. — 1996. — N. 128-129.

4. ?aaic?ia A. “Ia a?eoany aeineiiaeino?… (aaoueeai i?i ?icaeoie
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ae?oae)” // ??aeia oeiea. — 1998. — ? 12. — N.
66-69.

5. ?aaic?ia A. Iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy oai?/eo oi?i ?iaioe ia o?ieao
ioceee o ii/aoeiaeo eeanao // Ooaeiaeiy ina?oa ? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy
iieiae?: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae / Eie. aao.: ?oaeieoeueea I. I.,
Oeaiiaa N. ?., ?inoianueeee I. ss. oa ?i. — E.: ?CII. — 1997. — N.
93-107.

6. ?aaic?ia A. Iniaeeaino? iaoiaeeee ?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // “Ienoaoeoai oa ina?oa”. — 1997. — ?3. — N. 5-8.

7. ?aaic?ia A. I?aeaioiaea a/eoaey aei ?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano a ii/aoeiaeo eeanao oa aeioe?eueieo caeeaaeao: Ca??iee noaoae
ca iaoa??aeaie i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.
?aaeeie.: I. N. *a?iiaa (a?aei. ?aae.) oa ?i.- Iieoaaa. — 1996. — N.
12-19.

8. ?aaic?ia A. ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o n?i?? // Oe?a?inueea
?iaeeia. — E. — 1998. — N. 908-914.

9. ?aaic?ia A.A. Oai?aoe/iee aniaeo i?iaeaie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae
//Oai?/?noue, aeooiai?noue, aoiai?ci a i?inoi?? ina?oe: Ca??iee
aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — A?iieoey:
“Oi?aa?noi-A?iieoey”, 1998. — N. 127-132.

10. ?aaic?ia A. Oaiiiai oai?/eo cae?aiinoae a ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Aiaothea.Na??y: Iaaeaaia?ea ? 2.-
1999, — N. 78-80.

11. ?aaic?ia A. Oieueeei? ? oai?/?noue // A?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo
o?aaeeoe?e ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy (oii?. I. O. Aiae???anueea, A. I. Iaiae,
?. ?. Iaooe). — Iae?oiiieue: IAeI?. — 1996. — N. 36-41.

12. ?aaic?ia A. Oeyoe ?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae nooaeaio?a ia
caiyooyo c ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioo // ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue iaaeaaia?/ii?
ina?oe a Oe?a?i?. Iaoa??aee i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 120-e?ooth Aeoo?anueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ? 100-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy eiai aeioneieea I.Aeiaaeaiea
(25-26 aeiaoiy 1994 ?.), *.2.- Aeoo?a. — 1994. — N.31-32.

?AAIC?IA A.A. Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o
i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. —
?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeooaeuei?e i?iaeai? oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Aaoi?ii
aeyaeai? e iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, ui ni?eythoue
aoaeoeaiino? oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai
a?eo o i?ioean? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aeiio? a ae??aino? iaoiaeeee noeioethaaiiy oai?/i?
naii?aae?caoe?? o/i?a iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai oeio, ui ia?aaeaa/a?
iiaoaii?noue aeeth/aiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean oai?/i? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino? caaaeyee i?yiei ? iiina?aaeeiaaiei aieeaai, caaacia/o?
iaieiae?iiy iiaith ioceee o aeani?e ioce/ii-iiaeaii?a?e ae?yeueiino?
o/i?a oa aeeth/aiiy ioceee o oe?ieee ooaeiaei?e eiioaeno.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oai?/? cae?aiino?, ioce/ia ae?yeuei?noue, iaoiaeeea
noeioethaaiiy oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? o/i?a iniaeno?nii ci???ioiaaiiai
oeio, aa?enoe/ia aan?aea, oai?/? caaaeaiiy.

?AAICEIA A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia
a i?ioeanna iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.
Einoeooo i?iaeai ainieoaiey AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee Enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii aeooaeueiie i?iaeaiia
oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a i?ioeanna
iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeca ca?oaaaeiuo e ioa/anoaaiiuo ineoieiae/aneeo,
iaaeaaiae/aneeo e iocueiaaae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee, aeena?oaoeeiiiuo ?aaio
ii i?iaeaia, naeaeaiiuo auaiaeia i nouiinoe, no?oeoo?a e eiiiiiaioao
oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae, iooyo e iaoiaeao eo oi?ie?iaaiey, aaoi? i?eoae
e iiieiaieth oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae eae eioaa?aeueiiai yaeaiey, eioi?ia
i?iyaeyaony a i?ioeanna iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe /a?ac
acaeiiaeaenoaea iioeaaoeeiiiie, eiaieoeaiie e aeayoaeueiinoiie noa?.
Iaiaoiaeeiuie e aeinoaoi/iuie eiiiiiaioaie aeey inouanoaeaiey oai?/aneie
iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe yaeythony iiciaaaoaeueiue eioa?an e iocuea,
ia?acii-anioeeaoeaiia iocueaeueiia iuoeaiea, niiniaiinoe e
eioa?i?aoaoeee e eii?iaecaoeee.

Auyaeaiu e?eoa?ee e iieacaoaee oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae aeaoae
ieaaeoaai oeieueiiai aic?anoa a i?ioeanna iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe,
eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeytho niaie nenoaio iioeaaoeeiiiiai, eiaieoeaiiai e
aeayoaeueiinoiiai ninoaaeythueo no?oeoo?u niiniaiinoae.

Aaoi?ii iainiiaaiu iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey, iaania/eaathuea
aooaeoeaiinoue oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia
a i?ioeanna iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeey noaiiaeaiey oai?/aneie
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe, ?acaeoey oai?/aneeo iioaioeee ee/iinoe oeieueieea
oaeeie oneiaeyie auee i?eciaiu: inouanoaeaiea ee/iinoii i?eaioe?iaaiiiai
oa?aeoa?a acaeiiaeaenoaey o/eoaey e o/aueony a o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiii
i?ioeanna; i?aaiecaoeey iaaeaaiae/aneiai noeioee?iaaiey oai?/aneie
naii?aaeecaoeee aeaoae a i?ioeanna iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe;
iiyoaiiinoue aiaea/aiey ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a oai?/aneoth iocueaeueioth
aeayoaeueiinoue; iaania/aiea iaeaaeaiey o/aueieny iauaiieneiauie
oiaieyie aeey inouanoaeaiey naiinoiyoaeueiiai iiciaiey ai anao aeaeao
iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe; iaania/aiea iaeaaeaiey ycueii iocueaeueiiai
eneonnoaa a nianoaaiiie iocueaeueii-?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe; aaaaeaiea
yeaiaioia eioaa?aoeee eneonnoa a o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiue i?ioean o/aueony
ia/aeueiie oeieu.

Aaoi?ii iainiiaaia caaeneiinoue ?acaeoey oai?/aneiai iioaioeeaea
ee/iinoe io iaania/aiey oeacaiiuo iaaeaaiae/aneeo oneiaee oi?ie?iaaiey
oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a i?ioeanna iocueaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe.

Oaeea niiniaiinoe, eae noieeee iiciaaaoaeueiue eioa?an e iocueaeueiiio
eneonnoao, y?ei au?aaeaiiua ia?acii-annioeeaoeaiia iuoeaiea, oaioacey,
ooaeiaeanoaaiiia aini?eyoea, niiniaiinoue e i?eaeiaeueiiio e naiiauoiiio
eioa?i?aoe?iaaieth ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo ia?acia, eioiiaoeeiiiay
au?aceoaeueiinoue iocueaeueiuo eii?iaecaoeee e ae?., noi?ie?iaaaoeany o
o/aueony ieaaeoeo eeania a ?acoeueoaoa aenia?eiaioaeueiie ?aaiou,
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia yooaeoeaiinoe auyaeaiiuo, iainiiaaiiuo e
yenia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?aiiuo iaaeaaiae/aneeo oneiaee e ee/iinoii
i?eaioe?iaaiie iaoiaeeee noeioee?iaaiey oai?/aneie naii?aaeecaoeee
aeaoae aeeytho ia noaiiaeaiea oai?/aneie ee/iinoe ?aaaiea iin?aaenoaii
oi?ie?iaaiey oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae.

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia oi?ie?iaaiey iocueaeueiuo e
oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae iieacae, /oi iaee/ea oi?ioi ?acaeouo
iocueaeueieo niiniaiinoae — aeaeaoaeueiia, ii ia ia?ainoaiaiiia oneiaea
oi?ie?iaaiey niiniaiinoae oai?/aneeo. Iocueaeueiua niiniaiinoe ia
aa?aioe?otho aunieeo oai?/aneeo aeinoeaeaiee. Yoi aeinoeaaaony
aeaaiaea?y niaoeeaeueiie iaoiaeeea eo noeioee?iaaiey a i?ioeanna
iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oai?/aneea niiniaiinoe, iocueaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue,
iaoiaeeea noeioee?iaaiey oai?/aneie naii?aaeecaoeee aeaoae ee/iinoii
i?eaioe?iaaiiiai oeia, ya?enoe/aneay aanaaea, oai?/aneea caaeaiey.

Ragozina V. V. Junion pupils? formation of creative talent for musik in
the process of their activity. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a degree of a candidate of pedagogic sciences in a speciality
13. 00. 01 — theory and history of pedagogics. Institute for education
problems at Akademy of Pedagogic sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The problems of junior pupils? formation of creative talent for musik in
the process of their creative talent for musik are investigated in this
work. The author discovers and grounds main pedagogical conditions which
further the effective methods of junior pupils` creative talent for
musik in their activity. The paper convinces the effectiveness of
stimulated methods of creative selfrealization of individually oriented
character which provides a staged inclusion of junior pupils in the
process of music work thanks to direct and indirekt influence, mastering
the language of music in their own linguistic activity and the inclusion
of music in a wide artistic context.

Key words: creative talent for musik, musik activity, stimulated methods
of creative selfrealization of individually oriented character,
heuristik discussion, creative tasks.

Похожие записи