8

OA?E?ANUeE?E AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?N?OAO

I??ynia TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 331.024

OI?IOAAIIss OA NO?OEOO?A AEO?AO IA A?AeOAI?AIIss ?IAI*I? NEEE

ciaoe?aeuei?noue 08.01.01 – aeiiii?/ia oai??y.

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe.

Oa?e?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?i Iaoa?e
Ieeieaeiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai??? oa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaa/aiei
Ethaeieea Noaiai?aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai???
Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (i.
Oa?e?a)

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, Ino?ianueeee ?ai? Aiaoie?eiae/,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai??? Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a caaaeueii? aeiiii?/ii? oai???

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 15 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 15-15 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.01 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee,
4, V-67.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii » 15 » aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Niaie?a A.I.CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA
?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?eieia? ia?aoai?aiiy a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie
oneeaaeiai? aaaiieie i?iaeaiaie ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo: ia’?eoeaii
iicia/a?oueny o?eaae?noue aaeaioaoe?? aei iiaeo oiia, caa??aathoueny
aeaiaioe ieioei? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie, a?aenooi? /?oe? oyaeaiiy i?i
iaoiaee ?eieiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy. Ca oaeeo oiia aaeeea cia/aiiy iaeaaeeoue
iaoeiai–i?aeoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaiith ieoaiue a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee,
ine?eueee aiie iia’ycai? c ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ?eieo i?aoe?, ? ia o?eueee
aeiiii?/iith , aea ? nioe?aeueiith i?iaeaiith. O ca’yceo c oeei
aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oe?ieei niaeo?ii aein?
iaae??oaieo iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai uiaei eaoaai???
“aeo?aoe ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee” oa aaeaeaaoiiai aecia/aiiy ?
oi?ioaaiiy iiaiiai ianyao aeo?ao, ye? iiaeii? ianoe i?aei?e?inoaa,
aea?aeaaa, i?noeaaa aeaaea oa nai i?aoe?aiee ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i?
neee.

A aeiiii?oe? iinooiiai ci?iththoueny aeoeaioe caaaeyee oiio, ui a ae?th
anooiathoue ?eieia? aaaeae?, a aea?aeaaa ia?anoa? aooe aieiaiei
aeiiii?/iei noa’?eoii. Aea ua e aein? aaaii? aeo?aoe c oae caaieo
“noni?eueieo oiiae?a niiaeeaaiiy”, ye? aeeiiothoue
nioe?aeueii-eiiiainoth/o ?ieue ? nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia aecia/aiiy oe?ie
?iai/i? neee. Oiaoi ?ieue ? iaoai?ci ao?o/aiiy aea?aeaae o i?ioeane
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee iiaeii? aooe c’yniaai? ? /?oei aecia/ai?.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaith, aea e aein? ia aeine?aeaeaiith caeeoa?oueny i?iaeaia
?aoe?iiae?caoe?? aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee ia i?aei?e?inoa?,
ui iniaeeai aeooaeueii, a?aoiaoth/e iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy oeeo
aeo?ao i?ae /an eieaeoeaieo ia?aaiai??a i?ae i?aaenoaaieeaie
?iaioiaeaaoe?a oa iaeiaieo i?aoe?aiee?a uiaei ?ici??o i?i?iaeueii?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, noeioethaaiiy i?aoe?, nioe?aeueieo aeiiiiia, oiia
i?aoe?, ye? iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe ia o?eueee iaiao?aeiei iio?aaai o
a?aeoai?aii? ?iai/i? neee, aea ? a?aoiaoaaoe ?ioa?ane i?aei?e?inoa, ?o
iiaeeeaino? o eiieo?aioi?e ai?iouea? ia ?eieo.

Neeaaei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
iaoiiaeaia ua e oei, ui a?o/eciyia iaoeiaa aeoiea o?eueee iauiaeaaii
aeciaea o iiaiiio ianyc? ?nioaaiiy oiaa?iiai oa?aeoa?o ?iai/i? neee, a
caei?aeiii? aeine?aeaeaiiy aea/athoue i?iaeaie a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i?
neee, ui i?eoaiaii? aeiiii?oe? ?icaeiooeo e?a?i. Niaoeeo?ea iieiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee ciaia’yco? cina?aaeeoe oaaao ye?ac ia
iniaeeainoyo, ui aeieeee o ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? e?ece.

Ana oea iaoiiaeth? ia?o ca ana oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee ye ia
iae?i??ai?, oae ? ia ??ai? aaeoc? /e i?aei?e?inoaa. Ioaea, a?aenooi?noue
oe?e?niiai oai?aoeei-iaoieia?/ii iaa?oioiaaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aecia/aieo i?iaeai ia?aaeaa/a? aeooaeuei?noue eiiieaeniiai aiae?co
caaaeueieo ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee.

Nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Oe?ieiio eieo caaaeueieo i?iaeai
?eieo i?aoe? oa iia’ycaieo c iei ieoaiue i?i a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
i?enay/ai? /eneaii? iaoeia? ?ic?iaee, ye? aoee cae?eniai? i?ia?aeieie
a?o/eciyieie aeiiii?noaie-iaoeiaoeyie, a oaeiae ?in?enueeeie a/aieie.
?icaeyaeaeenue caaaeueiiiaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaie,
i?iaiaeeeenue niaoe?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy nooo?aeo ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
iath. E??i oiai, a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?
i?eaa?oa? iineeaio oaaao iaoeiaoe?a. Eiiieaeni? iaoiaeieia?/i? oa
iaoiaee/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueieo i?iaeai ?eieo i?aoe? oa
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee iathoue i?noea o ?iaioao I.Aiioe, A.Aaceethea,
Ae.Aiaei?, I.Aeie?oiueiai, O.Caeoey, I.E?ia, N.I??iaeeiaa, I.Nii?ia,
A.*a?eaniaa.

Oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oe?ie ?iai/i? neee ?icaeyaeathoueny a
?iaioao oaeeo aeiiii?no?a, ye A.Eaaoo?i, A.Eaiono?i, ?.Ianeiaa,
I.Iioainueeee, ?.Iao?iaa, ?.?aeai?oeeia oa ?ioeo.

Aianie o i?iaeaie aea?aeaaiiai ? ?aa?iiaeueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i?
neee, oi?ioaaiiy oa no?oeoo?e aeaeaoe?a ia a?aeoai?aiiy c?iaeaii a/aieie
I.Aoaooeueeei, A.Aa?oeai, I.Eociaoeiaith, I.Iaeaiaaeii, A.I?e?oi?iaith,
A.Oaiio, E.Oaa/aiei, I.Oiainueeei.

Oa?aeoa?enoeeo iaoai?cio iie?eooy aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo, ui neeaeany o
?aaeyinueeee ia??iae, ? eiai ci?ie i?e ia?aoiae? aei ?eieo ciaoiaeeii o
A.Aaaeae?aaa, A.A?eiai?, A.Iniaiai, A.Oiaeie?anueeiai oa ?ioeo.

E??i oeueiai, oaaao i?eaa?oathoue ieoaiiy oai?aoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o,
iia’ycai? c aeo?aoaie a ?iaioiaeaaoe?a, ?o aieeaii ia aoaeoeai?noue,
aeiiii?/i? iniiae iiaeaethaaiiy aeaeaoe?a oa ?o i?aeoe/iee aiae?c, ui ?
o ?iaioao Ae.Eea?ea, A.I?aea, ?.?aia, A.Oainaia, Ae.O?ena, A.Oe?ooa.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aenieee ??aaiue i?ioan?iiae?cio iacaaieo aaoi??a, ana ua
?nio? aeineoue oe?ieee eiiieaen i?iaeai aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo
aniaeo?a a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee. ?icaeyae ??cieo iiaeyae?a ia o? /e
?io? noi?iie iacaaii? i?iaeaie aeicaiey? aeyaeoe iaea?eueo nooo?a?
iaae??oaii? ieoaiiy, aei yeeo, cie?aia iaeaaeeoue aeine?aeaeaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, ?ieue, yeo a?ae?a?athoue
o oeueiio aeaeaoee ?iaioiaeaaoe?a, aea?aeaae oa ?io? ?o aeaea?aea. C
a?aooaaiiyi aeiia eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo ?icaeyae caeiaooe?a ??cieo oe?e
ieioeiai ? no/aniino?, a oaeiae aeina?aeo na?oiai? i?aeoeee, yea ia?
aeey iaoi? aea?aeaae ia o?eueee oai?aoe/iee, aea e i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an
aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy ia ?eieo i?aoe?, ?ic?iaea
no/anii? iaoiaeieia?? oa iaoiaeeee ii aea/aiith eaoaai??? aeo?ao ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, ?o oi?ioaaiiy oa no?oeoo?e, i?ecia/aiiy ?
neeaaeia? /anoeie ? aieiaiith ?aea?th oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?iaio? anoaiiaeaia oe?eue aecia/eoe
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee, ca yeeo iiaea aooe ?icaeyiooi
eaoaai??th aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee oa iaoai?cie uiaei ?o
?aaoethaaiiy ia iaoa-, iae?i- ? i?e?i??aiyo, aeyaeoe ?o iniaeeaino? ca
oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. A?aeiia?aeii oe??? iaoe iinoaaeai? oa
ae??oai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— iiaeeaeaiiy oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei aea/aiiy
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, ye caniao oi?ioaaiiy oe?ie ?iai/i? neee;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo iai?yi?a aca?iiiaoiiaeaiino? i?ioean?a
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ?? a?aeoai?aiiy ?
?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe?;

— aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
ia iae?i- ? i?e?i??aiyo;

— ?ice?eooy noo? oa ci?noo eaoaai??? aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
oa aeaeaoe?a ?iaioiaeaaoe?a, ye aieiaiiai aeaea?aea ?o ooai?aiiy;

— aeyaeaiiy aieiaieo /eiiee?a ? neeaaeiaeo /anoei, ui coiiaeththoue
caaaeuei? aeo?aoe ia ?iai/o neeo;

— ?ic?iaea eeaneo?eaoe?? a?oi o no?oeoo?? caaaeueieo aeo?ao ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, ?o iioiaeaeaiiy, ci?no, aca?iica’ycie;

— aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae ? iaoai?cio aca?iicaeaaeiino? aoaeoeaiino? oa
aeaeaoe?a ?iaioiaeaaoe?a i?ae aieeaii /eiiee?a aeiiii?/iiai oa
iaaeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o;

— ?icaeyae i?aeoeee aiae?co oa iae?eo aeaeaoe?a ?iaioiaeaaoe?a o e?a?iao
c aeiiii?eith ?icaeiaiiai oeio;

— aiae?c iniaeeainoae iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee a Oe?a?i?, ui iaoiiaeai? ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
oa niaoeeo?eith ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiyi a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?iaeaie a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee oa eiai iniaeeaino? ia oeyoo aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – aeo?aoe ia a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee, ?o no?oeoo?a oa iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iieiaeaiiy
eeane/ieo oa no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo oai??e ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny ia ?eieo i?aoe?, ?eieiai? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa
oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo niaoe?ae?no?a ?c cacia/aieo i?iaeai.

Canoiniaaii caaaeueiiiaoeia? iaoiaee aiae?co ? neioaco,
aano?aeoii-eia?/iee, ae?aeaeoe/iee, ii??aiyiiy ia/enethaaeueieo
a?aeiinieo, na?aaei?o aaee/ei, a oaeiae noaoenoeei-aeiiii?/iee,
aaeainiaee, iaoiae a?ao?/iiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy, noaoenoe/ieo a?oioaaiue,
aeiiiiao?e/i? iaoiaee aiae?co ? iiaeaethaaiiy.

?ioi?iaoe?eia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo
caaaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeenue caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Oe?a?ie,
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? ? ainiiaea?/? aeieoiaioe, i?eeiyo? Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith
oa o?yaeii Oe?a?ie, ii?iaoeai? aeoe c ieoaiue ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee,
iieaoe i?aoe? ? o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, iaoa??aee i?aai?a aea?aeaaii?
noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, Iei?noa?noaa i?aoe?
oa nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, iieiaeaiiy Eiiaaioe?? I?aeia?iaeii?
I?aai?caoe?? I?aoe?, noaoenoe/i? aeaii? Na?oiaiai Aaieo, a oaeiae
iaoa??aee c ?ioeo ca?oa?aeieo noaoenoe/ieo oa i?aaiaeo aeaea?ae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Iaoeiao iiaecio aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aecia/athoue oae? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe:

— iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeyaeo ieoaiiy i?i aa?o?noue ?iai/i?
neee c oi/ee ci?o aeine?aeaeaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei ca oiia
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo;

— aeyaeaii aaaaoi??aiaa?noue oa aaaaoii??i?noue i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee, c’yniaaii iciaee, ui iaoiiaeththoue a?aeoai?aiiy ia
iae?i-, iaoa-, ? i?e?i??aiyo;

— cae?eniaii eeaneo?eaoe?th a?oi o no?oeoo?? caaaeueieo aeo?ao ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, aeyaeaii ?o nooi?noue oa aca?iica’ycie;

— iieacaii cia/aiiy aeaeaoe?a ?iaioiaeaaoe?a ia ?iai/o neeo o
caaaeueieo aeo?aoao, a oaeiae caeaaei?noue oeeo aeaeaoe?a a?ae aieeao
??ciiiai?oieo /eiiee?a, na?aae yeeo aieiaia i?noea iaeaaeeoue /eiieeai
i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o;

— aecia/aii aieiai? iieacieee ui iaoiiaeththoue aoaeoeai?noue aeaeaoe?a
?iaioiaeaaoey ia i?aoe?aiee?a, ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie caaaeueieo aeo?ao
ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee;

— ?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? e?ece a Oe?a?ie, ye? iia’ycai? c ia?aoiaeii aei iiai?
iiaeae? ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee o aaeoc? ia?aaoaeiae iaoai?cio
oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy aieiaieo ?? iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a aeey iiaeaeueoiai
iiaeeaeaiiy aiae?co i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee aeey ??cieo
noa’?eo?a oa ??ai?a ?aaoethaaiiy, i?e i?iaiicoaaii? aeo?ao ia ?iai/o
neeo, i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai ca oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy ? i?aeoe/i? aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
oaeiae o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? a eo?nao aeiiii?/ii? oai???, aeiiii?ee
i?aoe?, oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie, noaoenoeee i?aoe? o aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao i?e i?aeaioiaoe? aeiiii?no?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii iioae?eiaaii 5 ?ia?o, o
oiio /ene? o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 0,9 ae?.a?e..
Iiaeiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo 1996 ?. – “?icaeoie aeiiii?/ii? oai??? a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? e?ece” oa ia Anaoe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio
nai?ia?? — ia?aae? 1999 ?. — Iaoea oa i?aeoeea oi?aae?iiy.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 123 iaeiaioaaiue. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 154 noi?., o oiio /ene? oaaeeoe? — 8 noi?.,
a?ao?ee -5 noi?., nienie e?oa?aoo?e — 9 noi?., aeiaeaoee-3 noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa nooi?iue
aeine?aeaeaiiino? i?iaeaie, iaoa ? caaea/?, i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo,
iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoeiaa iiaecia, ?ioi?iaoe?eia aaca,
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee» ?ice?eaathoueny nooi?noue ? iaoiaeieia?/i?
aniaeoe i?ioeano ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, aeeeaaeaii aaiethoe?th iiaeyae?a ia iniiai?
iiiyooy oa eaoaai???, iia’ycai? c oe??th i?iaeaiith. Aaoi?ii
oi?ioeththoueny eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy uiaei oai?aoe/ieo canaae
a?aeiinii i?aoe? ye ia’?eoo eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo, iaoai?cio aecia/aiiy
oe?ie i?aoe? a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

?eiie i?aoe? ? neeaaeiith, ?icaaeoaeaiith nenoaiith, a iaaeao yei?
cae?eniththoueny i?ioeane eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo oa ?ooo ?iai/i? neee,
aecia/aiiy oe?ie i?aoe?, ci?ie o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a, ?
a?aeiinei i?ae ?iaioiaeaaoeyie oa ?ia?oieeaie c i?eaiaeo ?iciiae?eo
?iai/i? neee, anoaiiaeaiiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeiiai
??aiy caoeuaiiy ianaeaiiy. Oiio a aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiith oeeo
i?ioean?a i?enay/aia cia/ia i?noea. Noa’?eoii ia ?eieo i?aoe? aenooia?
?iai/a neea, i?e oeueiio oe?ia i?aoe? o aeaeyae? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ?
iaei??th c oa?aeoa?enoee e?euee?niiai oa ye?niiai ??aiy ?iai/i? neee.
Oaeiae aiia noaiiaeoue niaith aeo?aoe ?iaioiaeaaoe?a ia ?iai/o neeo.
Oai?aoe/i? iniiae ooai?aiiy oe?ie i?aoe? iio?aaothoue ia?o ca ana
aecia/aiiy ci?noo aieiaieo eaoaai??e, iia’ycaieo c inieneaiiyi
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?. Aieiaia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiith iiiyoue ?iai/a neea, aa?o?noue ?iai/i? neee, o?oae oa
oe?ia i?aoe?. Oeae aiae?c aaaeaoueny ia iniia? ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai
aiinaieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?ieiai niaeo?a iaoeiaeo iiaeyae?a
ieioeiai oa no/aniino? (a oiio /ene? aecia/aiiy ieoaiiy, ui ae?enii ia?
aooe ia’?eoii i?iaeaaeo – o?oae /e ?iai/a neea), aea?oueny aiae?c
iiaeyae?a ia ??ci? noi?iie i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee. A
aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiao?oueny iiceoe?y, ui o ?eieiaee aeiiii?oe?
ia’?eoii eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo aenooiathoue iineoae i?aoe?, ye? iaaeathoueny
?ia?oieeii oa aaeaeaaoii ioe?iththoueny ae??th ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio. Naia
ioe?iea iineoa i?aoe? ?ia?oieea ia ?eieo a?aeaeaa?oueny ye oe?ia i?aoe?.
Aeey ?ia?oieea aiia aenooia? o aeaeyae? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa
aeiiiaithth/eo aeieao, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c eiai o/anoth o
noai?aii? i?iaeoeoo, a?aeiia?aeii c iineoaaie i?aoe?, ye? a?i iaaea?. C
iaeiiai aieo, oa /anoeia aeieao, yeo a?i io?eio? ? yea caeaaeeoue a?ae
yeino? oa e?eueeino? i?aoe?, noai?th? eiai o?oaeiaee aeio?ae, c ?ioiai
aieo, oe?ia i?aoe? aeey ?iaioiaeaaoey i?aaenoaaey? niaith aeo?aoe ia
i?eaeaaiiy, oo?eiaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe?, ye iaeiiai c aeiiii?/ieo
oaeoi??a a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aeo?eiee
caoe?eaaeaiino? i?aoe?aieea o e?auiio noaiiaeaii? aei i?aoe?.

A aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aeaaaeaiiy oe?ie i?aoe? aeoiaey/e
aeeeth/ii c aa?oino? ?iai/i? neee ye iniiae oe?ie i?aoe? ? oeaiei,
ine?eueee oaeee oeyo ia ??ai? aeiiii?ee a oe?eiio aaaea aei cieuaiiy
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ye aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai???, oi/i?oa ?? aieiaieo ooieoe?e
-noeioethth/i?, ?aaoethth/i? oa a?aeoai?thaaeueii?. Ioe?iea i?aoe?, ui
aeoiaeeoue c aecia/aiiy aa?oino? ?iai/i? neee ia ??ai? i?aei?e?inoaa,
aaaea aei oiai , ui /anoea iieaoe i?aoe? o i?eaooeo iiaea aooe
iaeiaeiaith, iacaaaeath/e ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.
sseui ae ca iniiao aa?aoueny aa?o?noue ?iai/i? neee oa ae?y caeii?a
iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe?? ia i?aoeth, oi oeae i?aeo?ae ia a?aoiao? oaeoi??a,
ui coiiaeththoue i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?. ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui aei
oiia no/anii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a?aeiia?aea? oai?aoe/iee i?aeo?ae,
ca?aeii yeiai i?aoey iiaeiia ioe?ithaaoenue aeoiaey/e ia c aa?oino?
?iai/i? neee, a a?aeiia?aeii iineoa i?aoe?, ye? iaaeathoueny c
o?aooaaiiyi ei?eniino? a?ae aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai oaeoi?o ae?iaieoeoaa.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieiaieo aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e oa iiiyoue, iia’ycaieo c
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ?eieo i?aoe?, aeicaieeei aaoi?o aecia/eoe aieiai?
/eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy oe?ie i?aoe? c o?aooaaiiyi
no/anieo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa ?ic?iaie (aeea. iae. 1).

Aeo?aoe i?aoe? Ei?eniee aieea

a?ae i?aoe?

Ei?eniee aieea Oe?ia aeo?aoe ?iaioi-

aeey i?aoe?aieea i?aoe? aeaaoey ia i?aoe?aiee?a

I?iiiceoe?y Iiieo

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Iniaeeaino? aiae?co, iae?eo ? ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?ao
ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee o ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?”— aaoi?ii aoei
iaa?oioiaaii aeania aecia/aiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
aeoiaey/e c ?icoi?iiy aaaaoi??aiaaino? i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy, aena?oeaii
?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo aeo?ao, nenoaiaoeciaaii aeina?ae
iae?eo ? ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo o ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao
a?aeiia?aeii c i?aeia?iaeiith i?aeoeeith, eiiaaioe?yie III oa ?ioeie
ii?iaie. Oaeiae iiaoaeiaaii iiaeaeue, ui a?aeaeaa? ca’ycie aeo?ao
?iaioiaeaaoey ia i?aei?e?inoa? c oaeoi?aie aoaeoeaiino?. Aeoiaey/e c
aocueeiai ?icoi?iiy i?i ?iai/o neeo ye noeoii?noue cae?aiinoae ethaeeie
aei i?aoe? oa oe?ieiai ?icoi?iiy ye iioaioe?eiiai ?ia?oieea o nenoai?
a?aeiioaiue “ethaeeia – noni?euenoai – i?e?iaea”, o?aaa aiai?eoe i?i
aaaaoi??aiaa?noue eaoaai??? a?aeoai?aiiy. Aeey oeueiai aoei ?icaeyiooi
aaiethoe?th ethaeeie oa ?? i?noey o i?ioean? noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.
O aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui o no/anieo oiiaao a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee a?aeaoaa?oueny ia e?eueeio ??aiyo ? ? aaaaoii??iei
i?ioeanii, yeee cae?enith?oueny ii/eiath/e c i?e?i??aiy o i?aenenoai?
“aeiiiainiiaea?noai” ? aeae? ia ??ai? i?aenenoai “i?aei?e?inoai” oa
“aea?aeaaa”. Ca?ac oi?io?oueny iaoa??aaiue a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
i?ae aieeaii iineeaiiy na?oiaeo aca?iica’yce?a oa caeaaeiino? e?a?i,
?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a, ui ooai?ththoue na?oiaee ?eiie i?aoe?.

Nie?ath/enue ia oea, iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i aeo?aoe ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i?
neee ye aaaaoi??aiaai? eaoaai???, o yeee aeae?eaii e?eueea aieiaieo
eiiiiiaio?a, ui ianooue ??cia aeiiii?/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy, aeeiioth/e
a?aeiia?aei? ooieoe?? – eiiiainaoe??, noeioethaaiiy, nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo, aeo?aoe ia oiiae i?aoe?, iaia’yceia? ia?aoiaoaaiiy oiui. I?e
oeueiio aeae?eaii iciaee, ca yeeie iiaea aooe i?iaaaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th
aeo?ao: 1) ca aeaea?aeaie iie?eooy; 2) ca aeaea?aeaie o?iainoaaiiy; 3)
ca i?aenoaaaie ?o oi?ioaaiiy, 4) ca aeaeiaei e?eoa???i (/e ca
aecia/aiiyi). Caaaeyee aaaaoiio noaoenoe/iiio iaoa??aeo ?ice?eoi neeaae
oa no?oeoo?o aeo?ao uiaei ?icaeiaieo e?a?i, a oaeiae cae?eniaii ?o
ii??aiyiiy ia i?aeaea?aeaaiiio oa aaeocaaiio ??ai?.

Na?aae caaaeueieo aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee aieiaia i?noea
iaeaaeeoue aeo?aoai ?iaioiaeaaoe?a, ui ooai?ththoue aeio?ae ?ia?oiee?a.
Oe? aeo?aoe iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia aa?aioiaai? oa iaaeaa?aioiaai?, /e
aoaeoeai?, oiio ui cae?eniththoueny ?iaioiaeaaoeai caaeey iineeaiiy
iioeaaoe?? oa noeioethaaiiy i?aoe?. I?e oeueiio iiaeeeai aeieeiaiiy
cia/iiai ?ic?eao i?ae aa?aioiaaieie oa aoaeoeaieie aeo?aoaie. Aea/aiiy
oeueiai yaeua nie?a?oueny ia oai??? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeioiae?a
?ia?oiee?a. Na?aae noeoiiino? ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia oeae
?ic?ea, iiaeia cacia/eoe /eiieee i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa aeiiii?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o. Aei ia?oeo a?aeianaii oaeoi?e oeaio?ae?caoe??, eiioeaio?aoe??
anoaiiaeaiiy ??ai?a aeo?ao, oaeoi? /ano. A?aoiaioe aeiiii?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o nie?athoueny ia oaa?aeaeaii?, ui cae?eniaiiy aeo?ao iiiaae
aa?aioiaaiiai ??aiy – oea ?aaeoe?y ia a?aenooi?noue ??ciiai ?iaeo
??aiiaaa ia ?eieo i?aoe?, cie?aia ia?aaeuaii? iiieoo iaae i?iiiceoe??th.
?iaeoa, i?e cia/iiio ??ai? aac?ia?ooy iaeiai? i?aoe?aieee iioeaiaai? aei
i?aoe? aac iaaeaa?aioiaaieo aeo?ao oa iaaiaee.

Iiaeaeue aoaeoeaieo aeo?ao ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoai?cio iaaeaa?aioiaaieo
aeo?ao ia? aeaeyae

We = Wt (1+dWg), aea

We – aoaeoeaiee ??aaiue aeo?ao ?iaioiaeaaoey,

Wt – aa?aioiaaiee caeiiii /e oa?eoii ??aaiue aeioiae?a.

dWg = We-Wt/Wt – /anoea iaaeaa?aioiaaieo aeo?ao a?aeiinii ??aiy
aa?aioiaaieo aeioiae?a.

Iieacaii, ui ??aaiue aoaeoeaieo aeo?ao i?e aeaiiio ??ai? caeiyoino? oa
iaci?iiiio aieeao ?ioeo oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/a?oueny aeoiaey/e c
iaenei?caoe?? i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa /e ?iaioiaeaaoey ye
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aea

Py[e(We)L] – ei?ioeino?ieiaa ooieoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa a oe?iiaiio ae?ac?
i?e aeei?enoaii? oaeoi?a i?aoe?;

e(We) – a?aie/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?aoe? aeey eiaeiiai i?aoe?aieea;

L – e?euee?noue caeiyoeo ?ia?oiee?a;

Wt[1+Wg] – aeo?aoe ia i?aoe?aiee?a c o?aooaaiiyi cae?eniaiiy
iaaeaa?aioiaaieo aeo?ao.

O ?iaio? oaeiae caa?iooi oaaao, ui ia ??aaiue aoaeoeaieo aeieao iiaeooue
aieeaaoe neea i?ioni?eie /e iaiaaeaeiaioo i?e aecia/aii? ?ici??o aeo?ao
ia ?iai/o neeo i?e oeeaaeaii? aeiaiai??a i?i i?aoeth. ?iaeoueny
aeniiaie, ui ?ici??, aeo?ao ia i?aei?e?inoa? ? caeaaeiei a?ae noeoiiino?
aaaaoueio /eiiee?a ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? ae??, aei yeeo
a?aeiinyoueny aeiiii?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? /eiieee, ??aaiue aa?aioiaaieo
aeieao, ooieoe?y iaenei?caoe?? i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa, aieea noi??i i?e
aaaeaii? ia?aaiai??a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee a oiiaao ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie” –
?icaeyiooi i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee a
Oe?a?i?, aeieeaaeii i?iaiae?ciaaii noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iaoai?cio
oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao. Ia iniia? aaeeeiai oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo
aeine?aeaeaii, ye a?aeaoaaany oeae i?ioean a oiiaao
eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie oa eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy o ?icaeiaieo
e?a?iao. A?aei?/aii oeyoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aeiiii?/ieo oa
nioe?aeueieo oe?eae iaoiai noni?euenoaa. Aieiaia oaaaa i?e oeueiio aoea
caa?iooa aei aeo?ao ?iaioiaeaaoe?a o aeaeyae? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, ye
iniiaiiai aeaea?aea iie?eooy aeo?ao ?iai/i? neee oa nioe?ae?ciaaieo
oiiae?a iie?eooy aeo?ao.

A?aei?/aii, ui ca no/anieo oiia /anoea ca?ia?oii? ieaoe o noeoiieo
aeioiaeao a aeiiii?oe? cia/ii ieae/a, i?ae ca /an?a ?aaeyinueei?
aeiiii?ee /e a ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao. Oae, o 1993-1997 ??. aiia ia
ia?aaeuo? 50%, a o 1993-1994 ??. aoea aeiaie? iecueeith, a?aeiia?aeii
38,5 oa 39,7%. I?e oeueiio ??aaiue aenieoaoaoe?? ?iai/i? neee a Oe?a?i?
ii??aiyii c ?ioeie e?a?iaie aoa iaeiei c iaeaeueo – 613% o 1994 ?. I?e
aecia/aii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ye iaeiiai c aieiaieo aeaea?ae iie?eooy
aeo?ao ?iai/i? neee, o?aaa caa?iooe oaaao ua ia ?yae ?? iniaeeainoae, ui
i?eoaiaii? ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. Ii-ia?oa, ?nio? aaeeeee
?ic?ea i?ae iieacieeaie iii?iaeueii? oa ?aaeueii? iieaoe. I?e oeueiio
cai?iiiiiaaii a?aoiaoaaoe ia o?eueee ?ioeyoe?eiee ??no, aea ? ?aaeueio
caai?aiaai?noue, oiaoi a?aoiaoaaoe ??cieoeth i?ae ia?aoiaaiith oa
aeiea/aiith ca?ia?oiith ieaoith. Ii-ae?oaa, ia? i?noea cia/ia
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y aeioiae?a i?aoe?aiee?a, i?e oeueiio eiao?oe??io
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeioiae?a ci?ith?oueny ii aaeocyi i?iieneiaino?, ca
iaoeie i?ae?aooieaie, a?ae 0,5 aei 4 ia i?aei?e?inoaao aea?aeaaii? oi?ie
aeaniino? ? nyaa? 7 ia i?aei?e?inoaao i?eaaoii? oi?ie aeaniino?.
Ii-o?aoa, oo?eio?oueny aaeeeee ?ic?ea i?ae ??aiyie na?aaeiuei? oa
i?i?iaeueii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. Ia a?aei?io a?ae na?oiaeo noaiaea?o?a,
aea oeae ?ic?ea neeaaea? 30-40%, a Oe?a?i? aiie a?aeiinyoueny ye 1:10.

Acaaae? ,iayai? i?ioeane caoaeaiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, i?e
oeueiio /?eueio ?ieue ooo a?ae?a?a? oeaia iae?iaeiiii?/ia iie?oeea
aea?aeaae, yea aecia/a? o naith /a?ao iecueeee ??aaiue aeo?ao ia ?iai/o
neeo ia aaaaoueio i?aei?e?inoaao.

Cia/ia /anoeia aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee iaeaaeeoue
a?ae?aooaaiiyi ?iaioiaeaaoe?a ? naieo i?aoe?aiee?a ia nioe?aeuei?
iio?aae. Oe? a?ae?aooaaiiy ?acii c ca?ia?oiith ieaoith ooai?ththoue
oe?io ?iai/i? neee. I?e oeueiio a?ae?aooaaiiy iiaeooue aooe
iaia’yceiaeie oa aeia?ia?eueieie. Aeia?ia?euei? a?ae?aooaaiiy
aecia/athoueny oiiaaie aeiaiai?o i?i i?aoeth /e cae?eniththoueny
?iaioiaeaaoeai ca?aaee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?aoe?. Oe?
a?ae?aooaaiiy o no/anieo oiiaao ioe?ithaaoe aeineoue neeaaeii ca a?aeii
a??ia?aeieo aeaieo. O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaaii ?nioth/o nenoaio
iaia’yceiaeo a?ae?aooaaiue, ui noai?th? Iain?eiee oiiae, oiiae ni?eyiith
caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai no?aooaaiiy ianaeaiiy. ?icaeyiooi ?iaioo
eiaeiiai oiiaeo ie?aii, a?aei?/aii ?nioth/? iaaeie?ee ? ia?niaeoeae.
Ine?eueee ca?ac ?aea aea?? a?aeiia?aeii? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nioe?ae?ciaaieo oiiae?a iie?eooy aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo,
?icaeyiooi ae?th/? iiaeae? nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy a ?ioeo e?a?iao.
I?aee?aneaii, ui ca oiia Oe?a?ie iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeiith ? iiaeaeue, o
ye?e iaia’yceiaa no?aooaaiiy iiaeiii aeiiiaithaaoenue nenoaiith
nioe?aeueii? aeiiiiiae. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii:

— /?oei ?iciaaeoaaoe ooieoe?? nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy ? nioe?aeueii?
aeiiiiiae;

— caaacia/eoe ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeia?ia?eueiiai no?aooaaiiy;

— ?icaeaaoe i?eioeei nie?aea?iino?, eiee o oi?ioaaii? oiiae?a iiaeii?
a?aoe o/anoue ?iaioiaeaaoe?, ?ia?oieee oa aea?aeaaa;

— caaeainoaaoe ?nioth/o noaio a?ae?aooaaiue eiee aieiaia /anoeia
a?ae?aooaaiue cae?enith?oueny ca ?aooiie ?iaioiaeaaoe?a.

A oe?eiio o ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee, aeia?aaeaea? cieaeaiiy ianyao AAI, iaoiaeaeaiue aei
athaeaeaoo. Ia oii? caaaeueiioe?a?inueeeo i?ioean?a niinoa??aa?oueny
cia/ia iineeaiiy aaeocaai? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aa??aoe?? a?eueoino?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee: ??aiy iieaoe i?aoe?, noeoiieo
aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa ?nio?
iaiiaeeea?noue iiaiioe?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?eieiaeo ?aaoeyoi??a
noeioethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee.

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaee,
aieiai? c yeeo oae?:

1. I?ioean o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iia’ycaiee c ia?aaoaeiaith
anueiai eiiieaeno nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, ye?
caaacia/othoueny a ia?oo /a?ao iaoai?ciii ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?
aieiaii? i?iaeoeoeaii? neee noni?euenoaa – ?iai/i? neee.

2. Iaei??th c neeaaeiaeo i?ioeano oai?aoe/iiai inieneaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
ae?eniino? ? aecia/aiiy eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue uiaei
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? ? oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i?
neee, ye? iiaeii? aooe iiaoaeiaai? c o?aooaaiiyi na?oiaiai aeina?aeo oa
niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?.

3. sse na?ae/eoue na?oiaee aeina?ae, i?iaeaia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
ia iiaea aooe ae??oaia aeeeth/ii a iaaeao no/anii? aeiiii?/ii? iiaeae?,
o ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeii noai?aiiy oiia ia ??ai? aea?aeaae, ?aa?iio,
ia i?aei?e?inoa? aeey i?iaeoeoeaiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, ui
iio?aao? iaiao?aeieo oai?aoe/ieo iaa?oiooaaiue oa i?aeoe/ieo ae?e.

4. Aecia/aiiy aaaaoi??aiaaino? i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee oa
iia’ycaieo c oeei iniia oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao, o yeeo aeaeaoee
?iaioiaeaaoe?a aea?athoue aieiaio ?ieue, ? aacith aeey iiaeaeueoi?
?ic?iaee oe??? i?iaeaie, ca oiia /iai iiaeeeaa aaeaeaaoia ioe?iea ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo, a ioaea iiaiioe?iia a?aeoai?aiiy
aieiaiiai oaeoi?o ae?iaieoeoaa.

5. I?iaaaeaia no?oeoo?ecaoe?y caaaeueieo aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo,
aecia/aiiy ci?noo, iioiaeaeaiiy oa aca?iica’yceo ?o neeaaeiaeo /anoei
ea? ciiao aaeineiiaeeoe ?aaoethaaiiy iaoai?cio a?aeoai?aiiy ye ia
aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?, oae ? ia ??ai? ie?aiiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iiaee iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae a?aeiinii
?iciaaeoaaiiy aeaeaoe?a ?iaioiaeaaoe?a ia aa?aioiaai? oa aoaeoeai?
aeo?aoe a?aee?eaa? iiaeeea?noue, ca oiia iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeaeaiiy oeeo
iiiyoue, aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? iiaeo cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeo?ao ia ?iai/o neeo ia i?aei?e?inoa?.

7. Cae?eniaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino?
iineeaiiy aieeao i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ia ?icaeoie i?ioean?a
ia ?eieo ?iai/i? neee, yea iieyaa? o caaacia/aii? caoiaeaie aieeao
iie?oeee caeiyoino? oa noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeey a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee, aeicaieeoue caaacia/eoe aace?eciaee oa?aeoa? ?icaeoeo
?eieo i?aoe?, caa?aaoe iayaiee o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe

Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo

1. Ie?ynia TH.A.. Nioeeaeueiia ia?oia?noai a nenoaia o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee
// Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oieaa?neoaoa, ? 398. — O.:
OAO. — 1997. — N. 93-99.

2. Ie?ynia TH.A.. Cao?aou ?aaioiaeaoaey ia ?aai/oth neeo (niaea?aeaiea e
no?oeoo?a) // Aecian-eioi?i. — 1998. — ?5. — N. 57-59.

3. Ie?ynia TH.A.. Oi?ie?iaaiea o?iaiae yooaeoeaiuo ca?ieao
(oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec) // Aecian-eioi?i. — 1998. — ?6. — N. 36-38.

4. Ie?ynia TH.A.. Iniaaiiinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey aeioiaeia a ia?aoiaeiie
yeiiiieea // Iao/iay eiioa?aioeey, iinayuaiiay iaiyoe A.I. Iaiaeoy
(Oacenu aeieeaaeia e aunooieaiee). — O.: OAO. — 1996. — *. 3. — N.
38-39.

5. Ie?ynia TH.A.. Ecaea?aeee aini?iecaiaenoaa eae iieacaoaeue noieiinoe
?aai/ae neeu // Iaoea e i?aeoeea oi?aaeaiey. (Iaoa?eaeu iyoiai
Anaoe?aeineiai iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai naieia?a-niaauaiey). — O. — 1999. —
N. 69-71.

AIIOAOe?ss

I??ynia TH.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oa no?oeoo?a aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i?
neee. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.01.01 — aeiiii?/ia oai??y. — Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi eaoaai??th caaaeueieo aeo?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee oa aeo?ao ?iaioiaeaaoe?a ia iaeiaieo i?aoe?aiee?a ye ??
neeaaeiai? /anoeie. Ca aeiiiiiaith oeeo eaoaai??e ?ice?eaa?oueny
ci?noiaiee aniaeo iiiyoue «aa?o?noue ?iai/i? neee» oa «oe?ia i?aoe?».
?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy, ui iiaea cae?enithaaoenue
ia ??cieo ??aiyo caeaaeii a?ae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa ?noi?e/ieo
oiia oa aecia/aii iniaeeaino? no/aniiai noaio a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee.

Aeyaeaii iniaeeaino? i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia
?iai/o neeo ca oiia o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? e?ece aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie o
ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie e?a?iaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?eiie i?aoe?, oe?ia i?aoe?, ??ai? a?aeoai?aiiy, aeo?aoe
ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, aa?aioiaai? oa aoaeoeai? aeo?aoe
?iaioiaeaaoe?a.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ie?ynia TH. A. Oi?ie?iaaiea e no?oeoo?a ecaea?aeae ia aini?iecaiaenoai
?aai/ae neeu — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.01.01. — yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey. — Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, 1999.

A ?aaioa /a?ac eaoaai?eth ecaea?aeae ia aini?iecaiaenoai ?aai/ae neeu e
cao?ao ?aaioiaeaoaeae ia iaaiiuo ?aaioieeia eae eo ninoaaiie /anoe
?ane?uaaaony niaea?aeaoaeueiue aniaeo iiiyoee «noieiinoue ?aai/ae neeu»
e «oeaia o?oaea». ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe aini?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
i?ioeanna, eioi?ue ?aaoee?oaony ia iee?i-, iae?i- e iaoao?iaia a
caaeneiinoe io eiie?aoiuo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo e enoi?e/aneeo
oneiaee, /oi ii?aaeaeyao aai iiiaiia?iinoue. Auaeaeaii, /oi a niaieoiiuo
ecaea?aeeao ia aini?iecaiaenoai ?aai/ae neeu iniiaiui enoi/ieeii
aiciauaiey ?aai/ae neeu aunooiatho cao?aou ?aaioiaeaoaeae, e eioi?ui a
iauai aeaea ioianaiu ca?ieaoa e ana aeiiieieoaeueiua auieaou, naycaiiua
n i?eaea/aieai, niaea?aeaieai e eniieueciaaieai ?aaioieea. I?iaaaeaia
eeanneoeeaoeey cao?ao, enoiaey ec auiieiyaiuo eie ooieoeee auaeaeaiu
iniiaiua yeaiaiou a cao?aoao ?aaioiaeaoaey:

— ii eniieueciaaieth aeey oi?ie?iaaiey enoi/ieeia aiciauaiey cao?ao;

— ii o?iaiyi ?aaoee?iaaiey (iniiaaieyi aeey oi?ie?iaaiey);

— ii enoi/ieeai oeiaine?iaaiey;

— ii iaeii?iaeiinoe niaea?aeaiey.

Iiae/a?eiooi, /oi ca?ieaoa oieueei a niaieoiiinoe n ae?oaeie cao?aoaie
ia?acoao oeaio i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo oneoa o?oaea. Auaaaeaiu iiiyoey
aa?aioe?iaaiiuo e yooaeoeaiuo cao?ao eee ?anoiaeia ?aaioiaeaoaey,
eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho aiciiaeiinoue aeeooa?aioeeaoeee aeioiaeia
?aaioieeia ia i?aaei?eyoee, a io?anee, iaaeaeo io?aneyie. Iino?iaia
iiaeaeue, iienuaathuay aeeooa?aioeeaoeeth aeioiaeia n o/aoii oaeoi?ia
yeiiiie/aneiai e i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai aeeyiey. Enoiaey ec iiuoa ?acaeouo
no?ai, i?aaee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee i?iaeaeai aiaeec,
?ane?uaathuee iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey ecaea?aeae ia aini?iecaiaenoai
?aai/ae neeu a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu, /oi
au?aaeaaony a oaaee/aiee aeioiaeia io naiicaiyoinoe, a iaoo?aeueiie
oi?ia, nieaeaiee o?iaiy ?aaeueiie ca?aaioiie ieaou, cia/eoaeueiie
aeeooa?aioeeaoeee aeioiaeia. I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea auaiaeia e
caeeth/aiee, naeaeaiiuo a ?aaioa, naycaii n oai, /oi iiiiaeao
iioeiece?iaaoue no?oeoo?o aini?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna enoiaey ec
iio?aaiinoae yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu eae ia o?iaia ioaeaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee,
oae e ia ia?iaeiioicyenoaaiiii o?iaia..

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeaia o?oaea, o?iaie aini?iecaiaenoaa, ecaea?aeee ia
aini?iecaiaenoai ?aai/ae neeu, aa?aioe?iaaiiua e yooaeoeaiua cao?aou
?aaioiaeaoaey, ?uiie ?aai/ae neeu.

ANNOTATION

Miryasov Y. A. The Formation and Structure of Labour Force Reproduction
Expenditure.- Typescript.

Thesis for a degree of doctor of economic science in qualification
08.01.01. — economics. — Kharkiv State University, 1999.

In the research the substance of the notions labour force cost and
labour price is revealed through the category of labour force
reproduction expenditure and employers’ expenses (as its component) on
wage workers. The peculiarities of reproduction process are under
consideration. The process is performed at various levels and its
multilevel depends on certain social and economic and historical
environment. It is stressed that in joint labour force reproduction
expenditure the main source of labour force compensation is employers’
expenditure which covers wages and all additional payments necessary for
the involvement, maintenance and use of the worker. Proceeding from the
expertise of developed countries, international organisations’
regulations an analysis is carried out which presents the characteristic
properties of labour force reproduction expenditure formation in terms
of the transformation of the economy of Ukraine.

Key words: labour price, reproduction levels, labour force reproduction
expenditure, guaranteed and effective employers’ expenditure, labour
force market.

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