13

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe

Oe?a?ie ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae

Noaoei Ia??y Aanee?aia

OAeE 001.4:02

OI?IOAAIIss OA ?ICAEOIE OE?A?INUeEI? A?AE?IOA*II-

A?AE?IA?AO?*II? OA?I?IIEIA??

10.02.01.- oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien. ?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e? eaeneeieia??,
oa?i?iieia?? oa iiiianoeee ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
niia?iaioiee Neiiiaiei Ethaeieea Ieaenaiae??aia, ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei?
iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iiethaa Eaa Ieoaeeiae/, ?inoeooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i.?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee Nieieiaa
Na?oeaia Ieaa?aia, ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.O?aiea, Iiiinoa?noai inaioe Oe?a?ie, i.
Eueaia

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 10 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.173.01 a ?inoeooo? oe?a?inueei? iiae
IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, Ee?a-1, aoe.A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii » 2 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe A.?.Eena

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith oe?a?inueei?
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? (OAAO) ye i?aenenoaie
caaaeueiie?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, ?? oai?aoe/ieo iniia o e?iaa?noe/iiio
aniaeo?. Ooieoe?iiaeueii-iiiian?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?i?iieia??,
nea?iaaia ia c’ynoaaiiy ni?aa?aeianaiino? iiaieo ciae?a c iiiyooyie,
caeeaaea? iaoeia? canaaee a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa iiaeaeueoo ?icaoaeiao
iaoe?iiaeueii? aaoaioe/ii? oa?i?iieia??. Oai?aiiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? oa?i?iieia?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ?
aaaeeeaei /eiieeii ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae a
oe?eiio.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie coiiaeth?oueny a?aenooi?noth nenoaiiiai
ii?aoethaaiiy oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? ye o
ieioeiio, oae ? ia no/aniiio aoai?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy OAAO ye iaei??? c
i?aenenoai iaoeiai? oa?i?iieia?? ?ice?eaa? caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? iiae.Eaeneeieia?/iee aniaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?
ciiao aeyaeoe a ae?ao?iiii-neio?iiiiio ieai? iniiai? caeiiii??iino?
?icaeoeo oa?i?iieia?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae,ia iniia? yeeo
a?aeaoaaoeiaoueny ?? oii?yaeeoaaiiy c iiaeyaeo eia?/ii? oa e?iaa?noe/ii?
nenoaiiino?,i?iaiicoaaiiy oaiaeaioe?e ?? ?icaeoeo. Oii?yaeeoaaiiy
no/anieo oa?i?iieia?/ieo nenoai coiiaeaia ?ioaineaiei ?o aieeaii ia
caaaeueiie?oa?aoo?io iiao, iio?aaith oa?i?iioai?aiiy ia ??ai?
i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy OAAO noaiiaeoue ?ioa?an ? c nioe?ie?iaaaeueiiai iiaeyaeo:
noaiiaeaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy OAAO a?aeaoaaeiny aiane?aeie aca?iiae??
nioe?ie?iaaaeueieo /eiiee?a, ine?eueee eieaa (aeieoiaio) oa a?ae?ia?ao?y
caaaeaee aenooiaee ye aaaeeeaee noa’?eo oa ia’?eo o iioe?aii?
iaoe?iiaeueii ci???ioiaaieo na?oiaeyaeieo oa iiaiciaa/eo ?aeae oa
oai?aii? oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? iiae.

C’ynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo OAAO iiaea noaiiaeoe
?ioa?an ia o?eueee aeey oi?o?eaoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaii? oa?i?iieia??,
?icaeoeo iiaiciaa/eo aeenoeeie?i (?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae,
eaeneeieia??, eaeneeia?ao??, oa?i?iiciaanoaa), aea e aeey i?aeaioiaee
iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, cie?aia c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii?
ni?aae oa a?ae?ia?ao??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.Oaia aeena?oaoe??
iia’ycaia c aeine?aeaeaiiyie, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny o a?aeae?e?
eaeneeieia??, oa?i?iieia?? oa iiiianoeee ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI
Oe?a?ie. Aena?oeaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo aniaeoia oi?ioaaiiy oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia?? iia’ycaia c i?iaeaiaoeeith
no/aniiai a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? eiiieaenia
e?iaa?noe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? a ae?ao?iiiiio ieai?, aeyaeaiiy
niaoeeo?/ieo ?? iciae ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie eaene/ii? nenoaie
oe?a?inueei? iiae. Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy
oaeeo iniiaieo caaaeaiue:

1. Anoaiiaeoe ia??iaeecaoe?th oi?ioaaiiy OAAO, aeyaeoe i?e/eie ??ciiai
nooiaiy ?ioaineaiino? ?icaeoeo a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iinenoaie.

2. ?icaeyiooe iniaeeaino? nenoaiii? i?aai?caoe?? OAAO.

3. C’ynoaaoe caeiiii??iino? oa iniaeeaino? oa?i?iieia?caoe??
a?ae?ioa/ieo iiiyoue oeyoii aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe??.

4. I?iaiae?coaaoe aaiaoe/i? aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy oa eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iee
neeaae a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??. ?icaeyiooe oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai o i?ioean?
oi?ioaaiiy oa?i?iinenoaie.

5. Noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe niaoeeo?/i? eaeneei-naiaioe/i? i?ioeane, aeanoea?
OAAO.

6. Aecia/eoe niiniae oa?i?iieia?/ii? aea?eaaoe??, neiaioa??i? oeie
oa?i?i?a, ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

7. Aena?oeeoe caeiiii??iino? oii?ioaaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iinenoaie.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue
canoiniaaii ye iniiaiee iieniaee iaoiae (e?iaa?noe/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy,
ii??aiyiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy). Aeiiii?aeieie ? ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee
iaoiae, iaoiae neio?iiieo c??c?a oa iaoiae e?euee?niiai aiae?co
(noaoenoe/iee).

Iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiiaae 6 oen.
oa?i?i?a, cana?ae/aieo o i?ae?o/ieeao,iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao c a?ae?ioa/ii?
ni?aae,caaaeueiiiiaieo oa niaoe?aeueieo neiaieeao, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue
noa?o o?enaoe?? oa noa?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?i?iieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue,
cie?aia «Neiaiee oe?a?inueei? iiae» (E.,1970-1980, O.1-11),
«?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeee neiaiee a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a»
(Euea?a,1996), aioeeeeiiaaee/iee neiaiee «Eieaiaaaeaiea» ca ?aae.
I.N?ei?nueeiai (I.,1982), «Aoeiieia?/iee neiaiee oe?a?inueei? iiae» ca
?aae. I. Iaeueie/oea (E.,1982- …,O.1-3), «Eaeneeii
neaaaii-eaoeinueeee» ?.Neaaeiaoeueeiai oa A.Ei?aoeueeiai-Naoaiianueeiai
(E.,1973),»Ei?ioeee ?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeee neiaiee a?ae?ioa/ieo
oa?i?i?a» A.Eiia?iaa (1926). Aeei?enoaii a?o?ai? iaoa??aee a?ae?ioae
oiaa?enoaa «I?ina?oa», IOO, Anaia?iaeii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie, iaoeia?
ca??ieee, ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy c a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae 20-o ?ie?a OO no.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio
iiaiciaanoa? eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeaii oe?a?inueeo
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/io oa?i?iinenoaio. O aeena?oaoe?? anoaiiaeaii
ia??iaeecaoe?th ?icaeoeo a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??, iienaii i?eoaiaii?
?e eaeneei-naiaioe/i? yaeua oa neiaioa??io no?oeoo?o iaeiioe?ai?oeo a?oi
oa?i?i?a ? ia oe?e iniia? i?iiiiothoueny oeyoe oii?ioaaiiy
oa?i?iieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia
oa?i?iiciaanoai, ?icaeaath/enue o iai?yi? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo
aaeocaaeo oa?i?iieia?/ieo nenoai, iaaoaa? ?en oe?e?nii?, noi?iiaaii?
aaeoc? ciaiue. O iiaeaeueoiio ia iniia? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeeeaa
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?i?iinenoaie eieaiciaanoaa — eiiieaenii? iaoee, ui
ia’?aeio? a?ae?ioa/io, ae?oea?nueeo, aeaeaaie/o, eieaioi?aiaaeueio oa
iaoeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eio i?aenenoaie. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy
a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia?? a?aee?eaa? oeyo aeey iiaeaeueoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa oii?ioaaiiy no/anii? oa?i?iinenoaie. Oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy ? oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o
eaeneeia?ao?/i?e ?iaio? (noai?aiiy aioeeeeiiaae?? eieaiciaanoaa,
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa, a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoaa; i?aeia?iaeiiai oa?i?iieia?/iiai
neiaieea), noaiaea?oecaoe?? oaoiai? oa?i?iieia??, o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? i?e aea/aii? eo?no eaeneeieia??, iaa/aeueieo niaoeeo?n?a,
aea/aii? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy: 1. Eieeaaiiy
?ioaineaiino? ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii?
oa?i?iieia?? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c oiiaaie ?nioaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? oa c?inoaiiyi iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?. Aeoea?caoe?y
iiceoeaiiai aieeao ?noi?e/ieo ianoaaei ca?aa?oueny c iiaeaaaeaiiyi
ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/iiai oa nioe?aeueii-eiioi?eaoeaiiai /eiiee?a.

2. Na?aeiia oi?ioaaiiy OAAO ?icii/aeiny a e?ioe? ieioeiai noie?ooy. O
20-o ?ieao OO no. oaiaeaioe?? oa?i?iieia?caoe?? niaoe?aeueieo iiiyoue
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i???iooaaiiyi ia ??aeiiiiaiee ??oio,aa?iii?eia
ii?aeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?ioiiiaiiai, ui caeeaaeaei ia?aaeoiiae aei
?ioaa?oaaiiy a i?aeia?iaeio oa?i?iieia?th. Ia e?iaoeue 80-o ?ie?a aoea
noi?iiaaia no/ania OAAO ye oe?e?nia nenoaia ???a?o?/ii i?aai?ciaaieo
iiaieo iaeeieoeue, ui caaacia/o? iii?iaoeaieie caniaaie iiiyoo?ao aaco
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae.

3. OAAO noi?iiaaia ia?aaaaeii ia oe?a?inuee?e aeani?e eaene/i?e iniia?.
Oi?ioaaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia?? a oiiaao c?inoaiiy iaoeiaeo ?
i?aeiiaieo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a coiiaeei iayai?noue cia/ii?
e?eueeino? ?ioiiiaieo caiice/aiue. ?e aeanoeaa aaiaoe/ia ??cii??aei?noue
iiaieo iaeeieoeue, ui a?aeoai?th? o?eaaeee ?noi?e/iee i?ioean ?icaeoeo
oa?i?iinenoaie.

4. Iniiaiei caaaeueiiiiaiei eaeneei-naiaioe/iei iniaeeainoyi (iie?nai?y,
iiii?i?y, neiii?i?y, aioii?i?y) a nenoai? oa?i?iieia?? a?ae?ioa/ii?
ni?aae i?eoaiaii? niaoeeo?/i? ?ene, ui cana?ae/o? a?aeiinio
naiino?ei?noue oa?i?iieia?? ye i?aenenoaie e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

5. Oai?aiiy a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ca
iiaeaeyie neiaioai?o oe?a?inueei? iiae oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo neiaioai?/eo oi?iaio?a, ye? a?aeoai?ththoue eiie?aoi?
cia/aiiy. Oii?ioaaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia?? oeyoii aeeo/aiiy
eaene/ieo aeoaeao?a, iai?iaeoeoeaieo neiaioai?/eo iiaeaeae ni?eyoeia
iieiioaiith nenoaiii? i?aai?caoe?? OAAO.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?ai? ia can?aeaii?
a?aeae?eo eaeneeieia??, oa?i?iieia?? oa iiiianoeee ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ia II, III, Y I?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo «I?iaeaie oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
oa?i?iieia??» (Euea?a, 1993, 1994, 1998), I,II,III Anaoe?a?inueeeo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo » Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue» (Ee?a,
1996, 1997, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 11
ioae?eaoe?yo, na?aae ieo «?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeee neiaiee
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a» oa 4 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a (167 n.), nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
oa aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 188 n.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O «Anooi?» ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ? iaoeiao iiaecio ?iaioe,
cacia/aii ca’ycie oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoeiaith i?iaeaiaoeeith
onoaiiae, a ye?e aeeiiaia ?iaioa, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, noa?aeoa?eciaaii aeaea?aea oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo ?
iaoiaee ?o ii?aoethaaiiy, aecia/aii iiaecio ?iaioe, ie?aneaii oai?aoe/io
? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, oi?ie ?o ai?iaaoe??,
noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «Aeieeiaiiy oa aoaie ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia??» neeaaea?oueny c aeaio
i?ae?icae?e?a, o yeeo i?iaiae?ciaaii i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
no/anii? OAAO, yea ia ??cieo aoaiao naiai oi?ioaaiiy iiaieie caniaaie
a?aeaeaaea iiiyoo?ao aaco a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae. O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e?
«Iniiai? /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??»
aeine?aeaeothoueny i?e/eie ??ciiai nooiaiy ?ioaineaiino? ?icaeoeo
a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iinenoaie oa aieea iicaiiaieo /eiiee?a ia ??
?icaoaeiao: ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/iiai, ?noi?eei-iie?oe/iiai oa
nioe?aeueii-eiioi?eaoeaiiai.

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an aecia/aa niaoeeo?eo noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icai?oaiiy
ae?oea?nueei? i aeaeaaie/i? ni?aae, oi?ioaaiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy
a?ae?ioa/ieo oiiae?a, i?aai?caoe?? a?ae?ioa/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy c iaoith
caaeiaieaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo, iaoeiaeo oa eoeueoo?ieo iio?aa
noni?euenoaa, caaaa/aiiy aeooiaiiai iioaioe?aeo ia?iaeo. Oe? /eiieee
coiiaethaaee oi?ioaaiiy oaoiai? nenoaie iiiyoue, ?o /?oeeo iaoeiaeo
aecia/aiue, ui cae??iethaaee ?acoeueoaoe i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeae.

Aieea nioe?aeueii-eiioi?eaoeaiiai /eiieea ia oi?ioaaiiy OAAO
aecia/a?oueny nioe?aeueiei, i?ioan?eiei, ineoieia?/iei, iiaeaii?aei
neeaaeii o/aniee?a i?ioeano oa?i?iioai?aiiy. Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
i?e/ei ?icaeoeo OAAO aoa aeineoue aenieee ??aaiue ina?oe a Oe?a?i? oa
iioaia e iioya oe?a?ioe?a aei eieae. Aei noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo OAAO
aeieo/eeeny oe?ie? eiea iao??ioe/ii ci???ioiaaii? oe?a?inueei?
a?iiaaenueeino?, ae?y/? iaoeiaeo oa i?ina?oieoeueeeo oiaa?enoa — IOO,
«I?ina?oe»: I.Eiia?ia, ?.Eaaeoeueeee, ?.O?aiei, I.Aaeoueinueeee,
C.Eocaey, ?.Eaeeiiae/.

Aaaeeeaei /eiieeii ?icaeoeo OAAO aoee ?aeaieia?/ii-iie?oe/i? oiiae
?nioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?; aeoea?caoe?y iiceoeaiiai aieeao
?noi?e/ieo ianoaaei ia oa?i?iioai?/ee i?ioean ca?aa?oueny c
iiaeaaaeaiiyi ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/ieo /eiiee?a.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Ia??iaeecaoe?y ?icaeoeo oa?i?iieia??
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae» aeine?aeaeaii aoaie ca?iaeaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iinenoaie. Aeae?eaii 6 ia??iae?a ?icaeoeo OAAO: I.
XI-XVIII no.; II. XIX-ii/. XX no.; III. 20-o? ?iee; IY. 30-50-o? ?iee;
Y. 60-80-o? ?iee; YI. ii/aoie 90-o ?ie?a.

Ia?oee ia??iae ?icaeoeo a?ae?ioa/ieo oa?i?i?a oa aiaeiioa/ii?
i?ioanieii? eaeneee iaa ?ene noeo?eii i?aai?ciaaii? nenoaie,yea o
ianooii? noie?ooy ?c ?icaeoeii iiae ? noni?euenoaa caciaea aeiei??iieo
aaiethoe?eieo ci?i.Ca?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??
niinoa??aa?oueny ua a aeaaiuei?onueeeo iai’yoeao: neiaana eieaeiuy,
neaaeinoe eieaeiuy, iiiai/unoueiueo aaenoaueiuo eiea, eiea eiyaeueeo,
nayoui eieaai, ia eieaeai, eieaai ia o/ai; iai’yoeao noa?ioe?a?inueei?
iiae O?V-OVII no: eieaa, ?aeno?u eiea, nienieu, a?aiioa, iena?ue,
ienueii, ienaiea, euieaio?aieoaeueieoea, euieaeueieoea;
euieaio?aieoaeueieeu, euieaio?aieoaeue, euieaiethaaoeue, euieaeueieeu.

«Eaeneeii neaaaii-eaoeinueeee» ?.Neaaeiaoeueeiai oa
A.Ei?aoeueeiai-Naoaiianueeiai cana?ae/o? iayai?noue oaea iaaieo a?oi
a?ae?ioa/ieo oa noi?aeiiaaeocaaeo oa?i?i?a ia iicia/aiiy
iiiyoue,iia’ycaieo ?c noai?aiiyi, caa??aaiiyi oa aeei?enoaiiyi
?oeiienieo aeieoiaio?a: aeai?e e?oa?aoo?e: aaniue, i?eo/a, iuniue
no?iaiiay, ienueii; aeaee ienaiieo iai’yoie: eaeaiaea?ue, iaia
e?a?ienoeaau, iieeoa?iieeu, iaaeienaiea, ?oeith aeaniith ienaiiue,
naeoie, neiaieeu, nienie, nuai?ieeu, ???no?u; i?ei?uaiiy, caeeaaee:
o?aieo?eieoea, ae?oea?iy ? ooaiaa, iaiu?iy; iniae, ?o caiyooy, i?ioan??:
eieai/?e, /eoao?eue, /o?oeu, /??iieieaeieeu, iaiu?ieeu, o?aieo?eue,
iena?ue a?aiiou, iena?ue ia?iaeiue, iena?ue eieau eee oai??oeu,
iena?neee, aaniineiaaoeu, ae?oea?ue; i?ioeane, yaeua: /eoath, /eoai??,
/a?iieieaenoai, o?aith, ienaiea, iaaeienoth, naycoth eieae, nienoth,
aaniineiaeth, aaniineia??, ae?oeoth; iaoa??aee aeey aeaioiaeaiiy eieae:
iaiu?u, ia?aaiuiu; i?aaeiaoe: iena?neay oeaooey.

O II ia??iae? (XIX — ii/. XX no.) ?icii/aeiny na?aeiia oi?ioaaiiy OAAO;
oa?aeoa?iith ?enith oa?i?iioai?aiiy oeueiai ia??iaeo aoea i???ioaoe?y ia
eaeneeo ??aeii? iiae.»Neiaa?ue ?ineenueei-oe?a?inueeee» I.Oiaioey ?
A.Ni?eee, a?aeoai?eaoe aacia? a?ae?ioa/i? oa?i?ie, c iaeiiai aieo,
cana?ae/ea ca?iaeeiaee noai oaoiai? oa?i?iieia??, ui a?aeiia?aeaa ??aith
?icaeoeo a?ae?ioa/ii? oai??? ? i?aeoeee, a c ?ioiai, aoa ia?oith
eaeneeia?ao?/iith ni?iaith ocaaaeueieoe ? iioe?eoe oi?o?eiaaio
oe?a?inueeo a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/io oa?i?iieia?th. O iueiio
iaeiiai?oa a?aeoai?aii oaiaoe/i? a?oie oa?i?i?a c oai??? a?ae?ioa/ieo
oiiae?a ? eaoaeia?a: aeaeaiiy, eieaeea, eieaa, eieae/eia, eieaea/ea,
/aniienue, aeo?iae, ienueii, aacaoa, a?ioo?a, iaoaeee, aeueaii,
i?ei??iee, nienie, ?a?no?; c /eoa/iciaanoaa: /eoaiiy, /eoaeueiee,
/eoaoaeue, /eoaoeue, /eoaeueiee, /eoaea, aan?aea; c a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy:
caaieiaie eieae, iieaae(c)/ee, nienie, ?a?no?, iaeyae, oeeooaaoe; c
eieaiciaanoaa oa aeaeaaie/i? ni?aae, eieaeeiai? oi?a?ae?: aeaeaaaoeue,
aeaeaaiee, aeaeaaie/ee, aeaeaaieoeueeee, aeaeaaieoeoai, a?aaeaeaiea,
ae?oeoaaiiy, ae?oea?, ae?oea?iy, eieaa?ue, eieaa?iy, eieaa?nueeee.
Aeaeaiiy «I?ina?oe» a?aeoai?eee oiai/anio oa?i?iieia?th a?ae?ioa/ii?
?iaioe c ieoaiue eiiieaeooaaiiy,iae?eo, ii?aoethaaiiy oa ?ici?uaiiy
eiea, aaaeaiiy eaoaeia?a, ianeoaiaoaaiiy /eoa/?a, aaaeaiiy noaoenoeee,
i?aeoaa?aeeaoe i???ioaoe?th ia iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe?? o neiaiaaeeaaii?
? neiaioai?aii? oa canai?iiy i?aeia?iaeieo oa?i?i?a: aeiice/aeueiy,
/eoaeueiy, eieaica??iy, a?ae?ioaea, ia?iaeia a?ae?ioaea, i?eethaeia
a?ae?ioaea, iiieo /eoa/?a, ?oo eieaeie, /enei aeiice/aii? eieaeee,
eaoaeia, aaeao?enoeea, aeoae?eao.

O 20-o ?ieao (??? ia??iae) oa?i?iioai?/ee i?ioean iaaoa ?en
oe?eani?yiiaaii? iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?. A?i oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
i???iooaaiiyi ia ??aeiiiiaiee ??oio o ii?aeiaii? c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ioiiiaieo ne?a oa ?o eiiiiiaio?a, iai?eeeaae: aeaoa?i?iaioa —
aecia/iee, oaaeeoe? aeaoeeiaeuei?, eaoaeia?ao?y, aeaoae?caoe?y a
eeaneo?eaoe??. Caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? iai?aoethaaiiy a aaeoc? oa?i?iieia??
noaee aacith aeey ?icaeoeo OAAO a ia?oeo oe?a?inueeeo i?ae?o/ieeao c
a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae — «A?ae?ioa/ia oaoi?ea» TH.Iaaeaiea (Ee?a, 1921) ?
«Ei?ioeee eo?n a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa» N.N??iiieea (Euea?a, 1924), ye?
cana?ae/eee aacia?a?ai?noue,naiiaooi?noue ? ?aei?noue oa?i?iieia?/iiai
aeina?aeo oe?a?inueeeo a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a Aaee/eie ?
Iaaeaei?i?yiueie.?aeei? canaaee ?icaoaeiae a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??
aeyaeyeeny o ?? iaaeeaeai? aei ia?iaeii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, i?aaiaii?
aeio?eioaaoeny ?aeeieo i?aaiienieo ii?i, aeei?enoaii? oe?eiai ?yaeo
iaeiaeiaeo eaenai, iai?eeeaae: iieaae/ee a?ae?ia?ao?/iee, /eoai?noue,
oeo?, anooi eieaeie, ea?oea, eaoaeia. Aa?iii?eia ii?aeiaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? ? i?aeia?iaeii? oa?i?iieia?? cana?ae/o? «Ei?ioeee
?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeee neiaiee» A.Eiia?iaa.

O 30-50-o ?ieao (IY ia??iae) niinoa??aa?oueny aaeueioaaiiy ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoeiai? oa?i?iieia?? oa ?? ei?aeooaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei
aioo??oiuei-iie?oe/ieo caaaeaiue o aea?aeaa?,cie?aia ? a iiaiciaanoa?:
iaaeeceoe oe?a?inueeo oa?i?iieia?th aei ?in?enueei?. O 60-80-o ?ieao (Y
ia??iae) a iniiaiiio cae?i/eany i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy OAAO, ii/aany iiaee
i?ioean — oii?ioaaiiy aiae?ciaaii? oa?i?iinenoaie. I?aeoe/ii caaa?oeany
i?ioean iii?iaoe?? iiiyoue a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae, ye? ioiieththoue
o?aaeeoe?ei?, nooi a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/i? oi?ie ? iaoiaee ?iaioe.
Ie?aneeeany /?oea oaiaeaioe?y aei aeoeaiiai iiiiaiaiiy oa?i?iieia??
a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa oa?i?iaie iaoeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?:
aaoiiaoeciaaia a?ae?ioa/ia nenoaia, aeia?aeeiai-iiooeiaee aia?ao,
iiooeiaee ia?ac aeieoiaioa. Aaciina?aaei?e aieea ia ?? oii?ioaaiiy iaee
i?ioeane noaiaea?oecaoe?? oa eaeneeia?ao?/iiai ii?aoethaaiiy ?in?enueei?
oa?i?iieia??. Aoei noaiaea?oeciaaii 350 oa?i?i?a oa ii?aoeueiaaii ?o
aecia/aiiy, aeyaeaii neiii?ie aeey anoaiiaeaiiy eia?/ieo a?aeiioaiue
i?ae iiiyooyie ? a?aeoai?aiiy ciaeiai? nenoaie: iaeia iiiyooy — iaeia
neiai.

VI ia??iae ?icaeoeo OAAO iicia/aiee i?ioeanaie ?? oii?ioaaiiy oa
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ui iieyaa? o aeio?eiaii? /?oeeo eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae
o oa?i?iioai?aii? ? oa?i?iiaaeeaaii?: a?aeiia?aeiino? no?oeoo?? iiae,
aeioe?eueiino? caiice/aiue ca oiiae caa?aaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
niaoeeo?ee oa?i?iinenoaie, iaaeiionoeiino? iiaea?eiiai eaeueeoaaiiy
(ia?aaeon?i c ?a?iiaenueeeo iia /a?ac ?in?enueeo), aaciina?aaeiueiio
no?oeoo?iiio eaeueeoaaii? c iiae-i?ea?iaeo.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e «Neeaae ? no?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y oe?a?inueei?
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia??» neeaaea?oueny c /ioe?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a. Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e «Iniaeeaino? nenoaiii? i?aai?caoe??
oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??» i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith
nenoaiiino? oa?i?iieia??, yea ?aae?co?oueny ia aeaio ??aiyo — eia?/iiio
(iayai?noue ???a?o?/ieo naiaioe/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae iiiyooyie) ?
e?iaa?noe/iiio (aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ii?oieiai-neiaioai?/eo
cania?a). No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia i?aai?caoe?y a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii?
nenoaie aeyaey?oueny: a ooai?aii? ai?cae oa?i?i?a-neiainiieo/aiue,
no?eaeiaaei neiaii yeeo ? iacaa ?iaeiaiai iiiyooy;o oai?aii? oa?i?i?a ci
ni?eueiei ei?aiai; o ii?oai?oe? oa?i?i?a, yea a eaeneei-naiaioe/i?e
nenoai? iiae a?oio? oa?i?ie o neiaioa??i? ai?caea, ???a?o?coth/e
a?aeiioaiiy ana?aaeei? oa?i?iinenoaie, oa aecia/a? ca’ycie ?c
caaaeueiiaaeeaaiith eaeneeith. Oa?i?iieia?y a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae yaey?
niaith ?aeeio oe?e?nio nenoaio eia?/ieo iiiyoue ? a?aeiia?aeieo ?i
iiaieo ciae?a. Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith no/anii? a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii?
oa?i?iinenoaie ? oaiaeaioe?y aei aeinyaiaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae
eia?/iith nenoaii?noth, ui ??oioo?oueny ia ???a?o?/i?e eeaneo?eaoe??
iiiyoue, ? e?iaa?noe/iith, ui aoaeo?oueny ia iaeiioeiiino? neiaioai?/eo
iiaeaeae.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Oa?i?iieia?caoe?y a?ae?ioa/ieo iiiyoue ye
?acoeueoao aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe??» ?icaeyaea?oueny ooai?aiiy oa?i?i?a
naiaioe/iei niiniaii oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy iaoaoi?e oa iaoii?i??.
?nioaaiiy caeiiii??iinoae naiaioe/ieo ia?aoiae?a iae/?oe?oa
i?inoaaeo?oueny i?e aeine?aeaeaii? oa?i?i?a a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae oa ?o
aiaeia?a o iaeaeaai?oeo oa?i?iinenoaiao: niiaoieia??, a?ieia??,
ano?iiii??, aaieia??, aaia?ao??, o?c?ieia??, ineoieia??, ioi?ciaoeee,
a?enueeiai? ni?aae, i?ia?aeia??, a oaeiae caaaeueiiaaeeaaieo ne?a. Ci?ia
naiaioeee caaaeueiiaaeeaaieo ne?a o a?ae?ioa/i?e oa?i?iinenoai?
a?aeaeaa? oae? aniaeoe cia/aiiy: aeaiioaoeaiee, neai?o?eaoeaiee,
ia?aaeeaiaoe/iee ? neioaaiaoe/iee. Iiaa aeaiioaoeaii-neai?o?eaoeaia
ni?aa?aeianai?noue oeeo neiaanieo ciae?a coiiaeth? io?eiaiiy ieie
naiaioe/ii? iioeaiaaiino?, yea noi?ioaaeany aiane?aeie ia?ainieneaiiy:
aa?’?? — iaaeniea iai?iaea, ui ia?aoeiaeaea? a?eueiiio i?ioiaeo —>
?ioi?iaoe?eiee aa?’??, iiaiee aa?’?? — ia?aoeiaea a iiaioaaii?
iaiao?aeiith ?ioi?iaoe??th.Oa?i?iieia?/ia cia/aiiy caaaeueiiaaeeaaieo
ne?a aecia/a? ?aae?caoe?th iiaeo ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo cia/aiue:oa?i?i
?ieoiaaoea (eao.incunabula eieenea), yeei oiiaii iicia/athoueny eieae,
aeaeai? a ia??iae a?ae 40-o ?ie?a XY no. (eieae ?.Aooaiaa?aa) aei 1
n?/iy 1501 ?., aeyaey? nai? ia?aaeeaiaoe/ia cia/aiiy o a?oi? ne?a:
?a?eoao, noa?iae?oe, ia?oiae?oe, noa?iae?oeiaai? eieae, a?ae?ia?ao?/ia
??aee?noue, aoe?i?noe/ia eieaa, ia’?aeiaieo naiith «eieaa ?aiiueiai
ia??iaeo eieaiae?oeoaaiiy».

O i?ae?icae?e? «Aaiaoe/ia ? eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??» aeine?aeaeothoueny a?ae?ioa/i? oa?i?ie c
iiaeyaeo ?o iioiaeaeaiiy. OAAO noi?iiaaia ia?aaaaeii ia iaoe?iiaeuei?e
eaene/i?e iniia?. ?acii c oei, aiia iino?eii iiiiaithaaeany oeyoii
i?yieo ? iai?yieo eaene/ieo caiice/aiue c aaiaoe/ii nii??aeiaieo ?
ianii??aeiaieo iia. Ca iioiaeaeaiiyi a?ae?ioa/i? oa?i?ie oiiaii iiaeia
iiae?eeoe ia o?e oeie: 1. Ieoii? oe?a?inuee? oa?i?ie, ui ooai?eeeny ia
iniia? aeanieo neiaioai?/eo cania?a: aecia/iee, ?icae?ethaa/, iien,
nienie, iieaae/ee, yae?i, ne?eiueea, iaee/ea, iia?aeiieaiiy, neeaae,
caaieiaie, iacaa; 2. Oa?i?ie-caiice/aiiy c ?ioeo iaoe?iiaeueieo iia:
aiae?enueei? — aanonaea?, aeaeaeaeano, o?euei; o?aioeocueei? — aeo?iae,
oanao, aoeeao, aeueaii, aaiiaiaio, a?o?eia, oiiae, atheaoaiue,
o?iioeni?n, aeaiiceoa??e; i?iaoeueei? — oi?ioey?, oi?caoe, o?eoo,
oie?aio, ooaiiaeue, eyna; ?oae?enueei? — aacaoa, e?a?aoi, noeaia??e;
iieuenueei? — i?aaeiao, a?eoo; 3. Oa?i?ie, ooai?ai? ca aeiiiiiaith
a?aei-eaoeinueeeo iniia: a?ae?ioaea, a?ae?ia?ao?y, ea?oioaea, oiiioaea.

Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c eaene/iiai neeaaeo oa?i?iieia?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae
cana?ae/o? aeii?ioaaiiy ieoiii oe?a?inueei? eaeneee aiaeii/an ?c aenieei
??aiai iayaiino? oa?i?i?a ?ioiiiaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Iaeiae ?c aeae?eaieo
38 iaei?iaeoeoeai?oeo no?eaeiaaeo ne?a, ui ? iniiaith
oa?i?i?a-neiainiieo/aiue, 18 oe?a?iiiiaieo (aeaeaiiy,iieaae/ee, nienie,
iin?aiee, aecia/iee, ?icae?eueiee, iaeyae, eieaa, i?ei??iee) ? 20
iioiiiaieo, na?aae yeeo ia?aaaaeathoue i?aeia?iaei? (a?ae?ia?ao?y,
a?ae?ioaea, aeieoiaio, ea?oioaea, ?ioi?iaoe?y, e?oa?aoo?a, oiiae oiui).
Iacaaia e?euee?noue oe?a?inueeeo no?eaeiaaeo ne?a aaeeaa?oueny o 587
oa?i?iao-neiainiieo/aiiyo, ?ioiiiaieo — o 622. OAAO aeanoeaa aaiaoe/ia
??cii??aei?noue iiaieo iaeeieoeue, ui a?aeoai?th? o?eaaeee ?noi?e/iee
i?ioean ?icaeoeo oa?i?iinenoaie. Aoiaeaeaiiy ?ioiiiaieo caiice/aiue o
a?ae?ioa/io oa?i?iieia?/io nenoaio noaei iaeiei ?c i?e?iaeieo ? aaaiieo
oeyo?a ?? naiiaooiueiai ?icaeoeo. Canai?iiy /oaeiiiaieo aeaiaio?a
ni?eyei ?icoe?aiith oaoiai? eaeneee aeey iii?iaoe?? iiaeo
iiiyoue,aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ? aeaoae?caoe?? aaea ?nioth/eo iiiyoue,
onoiaiiy iieniaeo eiino?oeoe?e oa?i?i?a.

O i?ae?icae?e? «Eaeneei-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei?
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia??» aeine?aeaeothoueny
eaeneei-naiaioe/i? i?ioeane, coiiaeai? ?icaeoeii naiaioe/iiai cia/aiiy
oa?i?i?a. ssaeua iie?nai??, iiii?i??, neiii?i??, aioii?i?? ciaoiaeyoue
na?e aeya o oeo iaaeao, ye? ia ii?ooothoue naiaioe/ii? aecia/aiino?
oa?i?i?a. Noai?aiiy a OAAO a?oi oa?i?i?a, o?nii iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith
i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeie a?aeiioaiiyie, ye?, o naith /a?ao, iio?aaothoue
iino?eii? ia?aaoaeiae eaene/iiai cia/aiiy oa?i?i?a,ni?e/eiythoue iiyao
oa?i?iieia?/ii? iie?nai??. Iie?nai?y oii?yaeeiao? oa?i?ie a na?aaeei?
oa?i?iinenoaie, oi?io? ?? yae?i. Aeey a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??
oa?aeoa?iee aioo??oiueinenoaiiee ca’ycie cia/aiue, ui ??oioo?oueny ia
iaoii?i??. Iie?naiaioaie aenooiathoue oa?i?ie,naie yeeo iaeaaeaoue
iaeii/anii aei e?eueeio iiiyoo?aeo eaoaai??e: i?ioean — yaeua:
?a?no?aoe?y (/eoa/?a), iiiaeaiiy (oiiaeo), caien (eieae),
eiiieaeooaaiiy, ae?oe, ?aaeaaoaaiiy; i?ioean — i?aaeiao:
aeaeaiiy,iiia?aaeaeaiiy, iia?aeiieaiiy, ?icae?oe, aeoya, ioae?eaoe?y,
ia?aae?oe; i?ioean — aaeocue ae?yeueiino?: eieaiae?oeoaaiiy,
eieaiiioe?aiiy, eaoaeia?caoe?y, nenoaiaoecaoe?y; i?ioean — iieaciee:
eieaiaeaea/a, a?aea?aeoaaiiy; i?ioean — aeai?, aeae iin?aieea: aan?aea
i?i eieae, a?ae?ia?ao?/iee iaeyae; i?aaeiao — iieaciee: a?eoo,
i?ei??iee; yaeua — iieaciee: iacaa; i?ioan?y — iinaaea: a?ae?ioaea?,
a?ae?ia?ao, a?o?a?no, ?aaeaeoi?; aeae ienoaoeoaa — aeae aeieoiaioa:
a?aath?a, ano?aaeiee ca??iee; ?i’y aaoi?a — eiai i?iaeoeoe?y: aeuecaa??
(eieaa), aeuecaa?? (o?eoo), aeueaeeia; oi?ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy /eoa/?a —
iacaa i?ae?icae?eo: aaiiaiaio. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy iie?naiaio?a o
a?ae?ioa/i?e oa?i?iieia?? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeoieo, ui iiiinai?/i?noue
oa?i?ia ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye oaiaeaioe?th, a ia ye aaniethoio oiiao eiai
?nioaaiiy.

Eaeneei-naiaioe/i? i?ioeane, iia’ycai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoaoi?e ?
iaoii?i?? o ?icaeoeia? oa?i?iieia?/ii? naiaioeee
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? eaeneee,ooai?ththoue i?ae??oioy aeey
iiii?i??. Iiii?i?y iia’yco? iii?iaoeai? iaeeieoe? a?ae?ioa/ii?
oa?i?iinenoaie c ?ioeie iaoeiaeie nenoaiaie, caaaeueiiaaeeaaiith
eaeneeith. Iiii?ie ooai?ththoueny aiane?aeie ao?aoe naiaioe/ieo ca’yce?a
i?ae cia/aiiyie iie?nai?/iiai neiaa.?ic??ciy?ii iiii?ie i?ino?
(eaene/i?): 1.onoaa — iaeei ?c oei?a ienueia noa?iaeaai?o ?oeiien?a;
2.onoaa -i?aaeea iiaaae?iee (NOI); ii?oieia?/i?: 1.?aaea (a?ae?ioa/ia) —
?iaiiee; 2.?aaea ( ae?i. ??ae i?eeiaoieea ?aaeee); iaiiai?: 1.o?aaiee
(aa?aa??e; eieaeea, a ye?e iienoaaeeny e?ea?nuee? ?ineeie); 2.o?aaiee
(ianoiyiea ia o?aaao; i?noea, ii?inea o?aaith; e?ea?, ui e?eo? o?aaaie).
Iiii?i?y a OAAO cana?ae/o? oaiaeaioe??, oa?aeoa?i? aeey iaoeiai?
oa?i?iieia??: ca oa?i?iaie-iiii?iaie cae??ieai? ??ci? aeao?i?oe??;
oa?i?iieia?/ia iiii?i?y ? ?acoeueoaoii naiaioe/iiai ?icaeoeo
neiaa;oa?i?iieia?/ia iiii?i?y ?nio? o?eueee ye i?aenenoaiia yaeua.

Neiii?i?y ? iaeiioe?ai?oei eaeneei-naiaioe/iei yaeuai a OAAO. O iaaeao
no/anii? OAAO aeae?ey?ii oae? oeie neiii?i??: 1)eaene/ia:
aaaioeooe-oi?oeooe, aecaiiey?-i?ei??iee, iaione?eio-?oeiien,
a?ae?ioaea-eieaica??iy, a?ae?ia?ao?/ia aa?enoeea-?icooeoaaiiy,
?a?eoao-a?ae?ia?ao?/ia ??aee?noue, aeo?iae-/aniien,
aene?a?en-eieaeeiaee ciae; 2) neiaioa??ii-ii?oieia?/ia:
iiaiaeaeaiee-ocaiaeaeaiee (eiiieaeooaaiiy), ??/iee-ui??/iee,
eieaietha-eieaiethaaoeue, ia?aaeieaoa-ia?aaeiea/oaaiiy,
?icae?eueiee-?icae?ethaa/; 3)neioaene/ia: /eoaoeueeee iiieo-iiieo
/eoa/?a, /eoaoeueea eaoaai??y — eaoaai??y /eoa/?a, aaoi?nueeee
aeiiii?aeiee iieaae/eeaeiiii?aeiee iieaae/ee aaoi??a; 4) ?iaei-aeaeiaa:
ia?aiae?e oiiaeoia?aiae?e, eaoaeiaoaaiiy aeieoiaioa — eaoaeiaoaaiiy,
oi?iao aeaeaiiy — oi?iao, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eiee a?ae?ia?ao?/iee iin?aiee —
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eiee iin?aiee; 5.ii?oieiai-neioaene/ia: ?icae?eiaa ea?oea
— ?icae?ethaa/, noa?iaeaai?e ae?oe — noa?iae?oe, a?ae?ioa/iee eieaeoi? —
a?aeieaeoi?. A OAAO iioe?aia ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii —
i?aeia?iaeieo aeoaeao?a, ui caaacia/o? caa?aaeaiiy naiiaooiino?
iaoe?iiaeueii? oa?i?iieia?? oa iaaeaiiy iaai?e oa?i?iinenoai?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?aeaioe/iino? c ?ioiiiaieie oa?i?iinenoaiaie. I?e
iayaiino? iaoe?iiaeueii-?ioiiiaii? ia?e neiii?i?a ia?aaaaa caiice/aiith
iiaea iaaeaaaoeny eeoa ca oiiae eiai i?aeia?iaeii? noaiaea?oecaoe??.

Aioii?i?y ye iaeia ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo nenoaiioa??ieo eaoaai??e eaeneee
a?aeia?aaea? i?ioeeaaei?noue, eiio?anoi?noue iiiyoue, yeeie iia?o?
iaoea.A iniiao aeae?eaiiy oa?i?i?a-aioii?i?a o
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/i?e oa?i?iieia?? iieeaaeaia iciaea naiaioe/ii?
iiey?ecaoe??, yea ae?? a iaaeao ni?eueiiai naiaioe/iiai iiey.*eaie
aioii?i?/ii? ia?e ooai?ththoue aeaiaioa?ia i?e?iiiea, aeeiioth/e
aeai?aeeio ooieoe?th a ieai? ci?noo ? ieai? ae?aaeaiiy eaene/ieo
iaeeieoeue: iaceaathoue i?aaeiaoe ? yaeua ni?eueiiai ?iaeo ?
aenooiathoue aeaeiaeie ae?acieeaie i?ioeeaaeiiai.

O a?ae?ioa/i?e oa?i?iieia?? aioii?i?y i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaio oeiao:
eaene/iiio — aeaeaaaoe-i?eeiaoe, aeaoae?coaaoe-oe?oiithaaoe,
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy-aeaoooy, i?ea?iae-eii?y,a?aeaeoie; ? neiaioa??iiio —
aeaoiaaiee-iaaeaoiaaiee (aeieoiaio),nenoaiaoecaoe?y —
ia?anenoaiaoecaoe?y. Neiaioa??iee oei aioii?i?? a OAAO ia?aaaaea? iaae
eaene/iei. Aioii?i?y iaeiiei?aiaaeo oa?i?i?a — aioii?i?a i?aaenoaaeaia
e?eueeiia oeiaie: aacao?eniee oa?i?i — oa?i?i i?ao?enaeueiee:
ia??iaee/iee — iaia??iaee/iee (aeaeaiiy),
ii?noia?ao?/iee-aiii?noia?ao?/iee (eieaa), ?iaaioa?iee — aac?iaaioa?iee
(iae?e), noaoe?iia?iee — iicanoaoe?iia?iee (ianeoaiaoaaiiy),
oeaio?ae?caoe?y — aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y (a?ae?ioae), oeooe — aaaioeooe,
oi?oeooe, oeooe — eiio?oeooe; i?ioenoaaeaiiy i?ao?en?a iiey?iiai
cia/aiiy:aeiiaoeiiee — i?neyiaoeiiee (ii?aoethaaiiy aeieoiaioa,
?ioi?iaoe??), i?eaeeoo?aee — iinia?oiee (aeaeaiiy); i?ioenoaaeaiiy
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a neeaaeaieo oa?i?i?a: iae?ieii?y — i?e?ieii?y,
iaeioe?aaeiee — aaaaoioe?aaeiee (aeaeaiiy),
iaeiianiaeoiee-aaaaoianiaeoiee (aiae?c, eeaneo?eaoe?y, ?iaeaenoaaiiy).
Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo aeya?a nenoaiieo a?aeiioaiue o a?ae?ioa/i?e
oa?i?iieia?? ? o?niee ca’ycie aioii?i?? oa neiii?i??. ?o naiaioe/ia
aeecuee?noue aeyaey?oueny o ni?aa?aeiioaii? cia/aiue. I?e?inenoaia, yeo
ooai?ththoue aioii?i?/i? eiiiiiaioe,iiaea aca?iii ii?aeioaaoeny c
i?e?inenoaiith neiii?i?/iiai ?yaeo. A aioii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy iiaeooue
anooiaoe ia?e oa?i?i?a, iaeei ?c eiiiiiaio?a yei? ia? oe?eee ?yae
neiii?i?a: iiaa eieaa — noa?iaeiia eieaa, noa?iae?oeiaaia eieaa,
noa?iae?oe, ia?oiae?oeiaaia eieaa, ia?oiae?oe, aioeeaa?ia eieaa,
aoe?i?noe/ia eieaa. Iie?nai?y, iiii?i?y,neiii?i?y,aioii?i?y
ia?aaoaathoue a i?aai?/iiio aca?iica’yceo, caaacia/othoue ?icaeoie
eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? nenoaie a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «No?oeoo?ii-neiaioa??i? iniaeeaino? a?ae?ioa/ii?
oa?i?iieia??» aeine?aeaeaii niiniae oai?aiiy OAAO: noo?enaeueiee,
i?ao?enaeueiee,i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueiee, aacao?eniee,
iniiaineeaaeaiiy, aa?aa?aoe?y.

O nenoai? ao?enaeueiiai neiaioai?o iaei?iaeoeoeai?oith ? noo?enaoe?y.
Noo?enaeuei? neiaioa??i? oeie oa?i?i?a-?iaiiee?a iiae?eythoueny ca
oa?aeoa?ii oa??ieo iniia, iioeaiaaieo ae??neiaaie, ?iaiieeaie,
i?eeiaoieeaie.O iaaeao noo?enaeueiiai niiniao aecia/aii ? iienaii
aeecueei 20 i?iaeoeoeaieo iiaeaeae.I?ao?enaeueiee oa
i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueiee niiniae ? iaio i?iaeoeoeai?, i?ae
noo?enaeueiee.

O no/ani?e OAAO i?iaeoeoeaiei niiniaii oa?i?iioai?aiiy ?
iniiaineeaaeaiiy. Oa?i?ie-eiiiiceoe, ia’?aeioth/e a iaeiiio neia?
e?eueea iniia, oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?aaeiaoe, yaeua ca e?eueeiia iciaeaie,
ui ? na?ae/aiiyi aeuiai nooiaiy eiie?aoecaoe?? iiiyoue. Eiiiiceoe
iiaoaeiaai? oeyoii ??ciiiai?oieo eiia?iaoe?e iaoe?iiaeueieo oa??ieo
aeaiaio?a (eieaiaeaea/a, e?oiien) oa a?aei-eaoeinueeeo oa?i?iiaeaiaio?a
(a?ae?ia?ao?y, iiiia?ao?y, i?e?iaeaeaiiy). Aeey on?o iiaeaeae oai?aiiy
oa?i?i?a-eiiiiceo?a oa?aeoa?iee ia?aaaaeii aeaiiniiaiee ca’ycie.
Neeaaei?o? ii?aeiaiiy o?ueio ? a?eueoa iniia niinoa??aathoueny na?aae
ne?a, ooai?aieo ca aeiiiiiaith ao?eni?ae?a ?ioiiiaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy:
a?ia?ae?ia?ao?y, a?ae?inioe?ieia?y, e?iioioioiiiaeieoiaio. Noae?noue
cia/aiue, ia ye? aeacothoue oa?i?iiaeaiaioe, ? iaeiei ?c oaeoi??a
nenoaiii? i?aai?caoe?? oa?i?iieia?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae.

A?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ia oa?i?iinenoaia ioiieth? aeecueei 50 no?eeeo
aa?aa?aoo?:NE — nenoaiaoe/iee eaoaeia, ?AE — ?aoa?aoeaiee aeo?iae, AeIA
— aeia?aeeiai-iiooeiaee aia?ao. Aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?e oai?aii?
oa?i?i?a a?aecia/a?oueny neioaene/iee niin?a. ?icaeoie oa oneeaaeiaiiy
a?ae?ioaeiciaa/eo iiiyoue oa ?o oa?i?iieia?caoe?y,iiiiaiaiiy
oa?i?iinenoaie noi?aeiiaaeocaaeie oa?i?iaie oa caaaeueiiaaeeaaieie
neiaaie coiiaeee iaiao?aei?noue eiie?aoecaoe?? oa?i?i?a-iaeiineia?a
oeyoii iii?ioaaiiy iiiyoue neiainiieo/aiiyie.Oeae oei oa?i?i?a
oa?aeoa?iee aeey iaceaaiiy on?o iiiyoo?aeo eaoaai??e. I?noea iaaiiai
iiiyooy na?aae ?ioeo iaeii??aeieo iiiyoue (i?ioean?a, yaeu, i?aaeiao?a)
cae??ieth?oueny o neiainiieo/aii? ia?aaaaeii aeai- ? o?eeiiiiiaioiei
ca’yceii. Aei iaei?iaeoeoeai?oeo iiaeaeae oai?aiiy
oa?i?i?a-neiainiieo/aiue iaeaaeeoue «i?eeiaoiee + ?iaiiee» oa «?iaiiee +
?iaiiee»:iiaiee ?iaeaen, ea?oioaea aeieiiieaeooaaiiy. Ca aeiiiiiaith
iacaaieo iiaeaeae oai?youeny o?e-, /ioe?e- ? a?eueoa eiiiiiaioi?
iiaeae?. O?e/eaii? neiainiieo/aiiy aeieeathoue oeyoii i?e?aeiaiiy ua
iaeiiai icia/aiiy aei aeai/eaiiiai oa?i?ia,yea aeaoae?co?
??ciiaeaei?noue iiiyooy. Ae?ao?iiia c?noaaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae
a?ae?ioa/ieo oa?i?i?a cana?ae/o? aeoeaia iioe?aiiy neioaene/iiai niiniao
oa?i?iioai?aiiy.

A inoaiiueiio i?ae?icaeiei «I?ioeane oii?ioaaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii?
oa?i?iieia??» ?icaeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? ie?aieo eaenai
ii?iai oa?i?iieia?/iiai neiaioai?o, onoiaiiy neiii?i?/ii? aa??aioiino?.

Aeniiaee

1.No/ania oe?a?inueea a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ia oa?i?iieia?y caaacia/o?
iii?iaoeaieie caniaaie iiiyoo?ao aaco a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ? ? oe?e?niith
nenoaiith ???a?o?/ii i?aai?ciaaieo iiaieo iaeeieoeue.Eiaeia iiiyooy,
ia?aaoaath/e ca iaei??th c? nai?o iniiaieo iciae o eia?/iiio ca’yceo c
?ioeie iiiyooyie, ia? ye nai? neiaania ioi?ieaiiy, oae ? i?noea o
?iaei-aeaeia?e ???a?o?? oa?i?i?a.

2.?c c?inoaiiyi nioe?aeueii? ?ie? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae, aacia?a?aiei
ca?eueoaiiyi ianyao oa oneeaaeiaiiyi ci?noo iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? a
e?ioe? XIX no.?icii/aany i?ioean na?aeiii? iii?iaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo
iiiyoue. O 80-o — ia ii/. 90-o ?ie?a iaoiai noie?ooy a iniiaiiio
caaa?oeeiny oi?ioaaiiy OAAO e ?icii/aany iiaee i?ioean — oii?ioaaiiy
oa?ieiinenoaie.

3.Nenoaiia i?aai?caoe?y OAAO ?aae?co?oueny ia aeaio ??aiyo — eia?/iiio
(iayai?noue ???a?o?/ieo naiaioe/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae iiiyooyie) ?
e?iaa?noe/iiio (aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo neiaioa??ieo iiaeaeae).
I?inoaaeothoueny oaiaeaioe?? aei iineeaiiy niaoe?ae?caoe?? neiaioai?/eo
cania?a, c?inoaiiy ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iii?iaoe?? iaaieo eaoaai??e
iaca, o noai?aii? eiiieaen?a iaca, ui iathoue ni?eueio iio?aeio iniiao.

4.Aoi?eiia iii?iaoe?y a?ae?ioa/ieo iiiyoue, aeo?aeiith iniiaith yei?
aoee iaeaeaai?o? oa?i?iinenoaie, caaaeueiiaaeeaai? neiaa, a?aeaoaaeany
oeyoii iaoaoi?ecaoei?. Naiaioe/i? aea?eaaoe aenooiathoue ae?acieeaie
?iaeiaeo iiiyoue o oa?i?iao-neiainiieo/aiiyo, o yeeo a?aeaeaa?oueny
iiaeeaeaiiy ci?noo neai?o?eaoa, ?aae?cothoueny iia? ia?aaeeaiaoe/i? oa
neioaaiaoe/i? cia/aiiy.

5.OAAO noi?iiaaia ia?aaaaeii ia oe?a?inuee?e eaene/i?e iniia? oa oeyoii
i?yieo ? iai?yieo eaene/ieo caiice/aiue. Oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oa?i?iieia?? a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae o ia??iae c?inoaiiy iaoeiaeo oa
i?aeiiaieo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a coiiaeei aoiaeaeaiiy cia/ii?
e?eueeino? ?ioiiiaieo caiice/aiue,ui noaei iaeiei ?c i?e?iaeieo,aaaiieo
oeyo?a ?? ?icaeoeo.

6.Naiaioe/iee ?icaeoie cia/aiiy neiaa coiiaeth? iayai?noue o
a?ae?ioa/i?e oa?i?iieia?? an?o eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo i?ioean?a
caaaeueiie?oa?aoo?ii? iiae a iaaeao, ui ia ii?ooothoue naiaioe/ii?
aecia/aiino? oa?i?i?a.

7.Oa?i?iieia?/ia iii?iaoe?y aaco?oueny ia neiaioa??i?e nenoai?
iaoe?iiaeueii? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.Iniaeeaino? oa?i?iioai?aiiy OAAO
iieyaathoue o oiio, ui oa?i?iioai?/? caniae oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaioei
iaai?ii iaeeieoeue ii??aiyii ?c neiaioai?ii caaaeueiiaaeeaaieo ne?a ?
aeuei nooiaiai ?o niaoe?ae?caoe?? oa i?iaeoeoeaiino?.I?e oa?i?iieia?/i?e
aea?eaaoe?? a?euei?oa eiia?iothoueny iaoe?iiaeuei?, caiice/ai?
(i?aeia?iaei?) neiaioai?/? caniae; ooai?ththoueny aaaaoiiniiai?
aea?eaaoe,?aae?coth/e ?iaei-aeaeia? a?aeiioaiiy;a?aeaoaa?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy aeaniiai oa?i?iieia?/iiai oiiaeo neiaioa??ieo cania?a, yeiio
i?eoaiaiia niaoe?ae?caoe?y ? ?aaoey?i?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?iaio?a:
iaeii??aei? iiiyooy caeaa?eueoiai iii?iothoueny ca iaeii??aeieie
neiaioa??ieie oeiaie.

O aeiaeaoeao ai?uaii oaaeeoe?, ui ?ice?eaathoue neiaioa??io no?oeoo?o
a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia?? ca iiiyoo?aeie eaoaai??yie oa iiaeaeyie
oai?aiiy, eeaneo?eaoe?eio noaio iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i, ui oi?iothoue
oa?i?iinenoaio eieaiciaanoaa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1.?in?enueei — oe?a?inueeee neiaiee a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a
/ ?aae. A.E.Aicithe.- Euea?a: EI?, 1991.- 103 n.

2.?in?enueei — oe?a?inueeee neiaiee a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a
/ Iaoe.?aae. E.I.Iiethaa.- 2-a aeae.,ia?a?ia.? aeii.- Euea?a:NI «AaE»,
1996.-197 n.

3.Aaniethoi? neiii?ie a a?ae?ioa/i?e oa?i?iieia?? // Oe?a?inueea
oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.- E., 1998.N.178-180.

4.A?aeia?aaeaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? ia noi??ieao
oe?a?inueei? eaeneeia?ao?? oa a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a a?ae?ioae / e?iaoeue
XIX — ii/aoie XX co./ // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue a?aeae?eo ?oeiienieo,
noa?iae?oeiaaieo oa ??aee?nieo eiea ?i.O.I.Iaeneiaiea.- Euea?a, 1997.-
N.19-25.

5.Aei ieoaiiy i?i noaiaea?oecaoe?th aeaeaaie/i? oa a?ae?ioa/ii?
oa?i?iieia?? // Aoc?anueea a?ae?ioaea.- Aei.3.- Euea?a, 1994.- N.85-89.

6.Oiaa?enoai «I?ina?oa» ? noaiiaeaiiy a?ae?ioa/ii? oa?i?iieia?? //
Oe?a?inueea iiaa: C ieioeiai a iaeaooi?: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio.-
E.,1998.- N.111-113.

7.Oai?aoe/i? canaaee oai?aiiy oa ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii?
oa?i?iieia?? a 20-o? ?iee OO no.// Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y ?
no/ani?noue: Iaoa??aee ?? Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio.- E., 1997.- N.124-129.

8.Oa?i?iieia?caoe?y a?ae?ioa/ieo iiiyoue ye ?acoeueoao aoi?eiii?
iii?iaoe?? // A?niee Aea?ae.oi-oo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»: Iaoa??aee V
i?aeia?. iaoe. eiio. «I?iaeaie oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia??».- N336.-
Euea?a, 1998.- N.317-318.

9.Aei ?noi??? oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii?
oa?i?iieia?? // Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue: Oace aeiiia?aeae
Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio.- E., 1996.- N.48.

10. C aeina?aeo noai?aiiy neiaieea oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ioa/ii?
oa?i?iieia?? // ?? I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio. «I?iaeaie oe?a?inueei?
iaoe.-oaoi. oa?i?iieia??»: Oace aeii.- Euea?a, 1993.- N.249-252.

11.I?i noaiaea?oecaoe?th a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia??// ???
I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio. «I?iaeaie oe?. iaoe.-oaoi. oa?i?iieia??»: Oace
aeii.- Euea?a,1994.- N.223-224.

Noaoei I.A. Oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?i?iieia??.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa.?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999 .

O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa aeine?aeaeo?oueny oe?a?inueea
a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ia oa?i?iieia?y o ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iiio,
eaeneei-naiaioe/iiio oa no?oeoo?ii-neiaioa??iiio aniaeoao. No/ania
a?ae?ioa/ia oa?i?iieia?y caaacia/o? iii?iaoeaieie caniaaie iiiyoo?ao
aaco a?ae?ioa/ii? ni?aae ? ? oe?e?niith nenoaiith ???a?o?/ii
i?aai?ciaaieo iiaieo iaeeieoeue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?a?inueea a?ae?ioa/ii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ia oa?i?iieia?y,
oa?i?iinenoaia, iii?iaoe?y.

Noaoei I.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea e ?acaeoea oe?aeineie
aeaeeioa/ii-aeaeeia?aoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna ?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01.- oe?aeineee ycue. — Einoeooo
oe?aeineiai ycuea IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aia?aua enneaaeoaony oe?aeineay
aeaeeioa/iiaeaeeia?aoe/aneay oa?ieiieiaey a
n?aaieoaeueii-enoi?e/aneii,eaeneei-naiaioe/aneii e
no?oeoo?ii-neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiii aniaeoao. Nia?aiaiiay aeaeeioa/iay
oa?ieiieiaey iaania/eaaao iiieiaoeaiuie n?aaenoaaie iiiyoeeioth aaco
aeaeeioa/iiai aeaea e yaeyaony nenoaiie ea?a?oe/anee i?aaieciaaiiuo
ycueiauo aaeeieoe.

Ia?aue ?acaeae «Aicieeiiaaiea e yoaiu ?acaeoey oe?aeineie
aeaeeioa/ii-aeaeeia?aoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee» ninoieo ec aeaoo
iiae?acaeaeia, a eioi?uo i?iaiaeece?iaaii i?ioeann noaiiaeaiey e
?acaeoey nia?aiaiiie oa?ieiieiaee aeaeeioa/iiai aeaea. A ia?aii
iiae?acaeaea «Iniiaiua oaeoi?u oi?ie?iaaiey aeaeeioa/iie oa?ieiieiaee»
enneaaeothony i?e/eiu ?acee/iie noaiaie eioaineaiinoe ?acaeoey
aeaeeioa/iie oa?ieiinenoaiu e aeeyiea aiaycueiauo oaeoi?ia ia aa
oi?ie?iaaiea: i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoie/aneiai, enoi?eei-iieeoe/aneiai e
nioeeaeueii-eiiioieeaoeaiiai.

Ai aoi?ii iiae?acaeaea «Ia?eiaeecaoeey ?acaeoey oa?ieiieiaee
aeaeeioa/iiai aeaea» enneaaeothony yoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey oe?aeineie
aeaeeioa/ii-aeaeeia?aoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee (OAAO). Auaeaeaii 6 ia?eiaeia
?acaeoey OAAO: ?. O?-OVIII no.; ??. O?O- ia/. OO no.; ???. 20-a aiaeu OO
no.; IV. 30 — 50-a aiaeu; V. 60 — 80-a aiaeu; VI. ia/. 90-o aiaeia.
Aoi?ie ?acaeae «Ninoaa e no?oeoo?iay i?aaiecaoeey oe?aeineie
aeaeeioa/ii-aeaeeia?aoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee» ninoieo ec /aou?ao
iiae?acaeaeia. Ia?aue iiae?acaeae «Iniaaiiinoe nenoaiiie i?aaiecaoeee
oe?aeineie aeaeeioa/iie oa?ieiieiaee» iinayuai enneaaeiaaieth
nenoaiiinoe oa?ieiieiaee, eioi?ay ?aaeecoaony ia aeaoo o?iaiyo —
eiae/aneii (iaee/ea ea?a?oe/aneeo naiaioe/aneeo naycae iaaeaeo
iiiyoeyie) e eeiaaenoe/aneii (eniieueciaaiea niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo
ii?oieiai-neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo n?aaenoa).

Ai aoi?ii iiae?acaeaea «Oa?ieiieiaecaoeey aeaeeioa/iuo iiiyoee eae
?acoeueoao aoi?e/iie iiieiaoeee» ?anniao?eaaaony ia?aciaaiea oa?ieiia
naiaioe/aneei niiniaii. Aoi?e/iay iiieiaoeey aeaeeioa/iuo iiiyoee,
enoiaeiie iniiaie eioi?ie auee iaeaieaa aeaaiea oa?ieiinenoaiu e
iauaoiio?aaeoaeueiua neiaa, i?ienoiaeeea iooai iaoaoi?ecaoeee.
Naiaioe/aneea aea?eaaou aunooiatho au?aceoaeyie ?iaeiauo iiiyoee a
oa?ieiao-neiaini/aoaieyo, a eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeo oaeoaeaiea niaea?aeaiey
neaieoeeaoa, ?aaeecothony iiaua ia?aaeeaiaoe/aneea e neioaaiaoe/aneea
cia/aiey.

A iiae?acaeaea «Aaiaoe/aneay e eaeneei-a?aiiaoe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea
aeaeeioa/iie oa?ieiieiaee » enneaaeothony aeaeeioa/iua oa?ieiu n oi/ee
c?aiey eo i?ienoiaeaeaiey. OAAO noi?ie?iaaia i?aeiouanoaaiii ia
iaoeeiiaeueiie eaene/aneie iniiaa e iooai i?yiuo e iai?yiuo eaene/aneeo
caeinoaiaaiee. OAAO naienoaaiia aaiaoe/aneay ?acii?iaeiinoue ycueiauo
aaeeieoe, /oi io?aaeaao aeeeoaeueiue enoi?e/aneee i?ioeann ?acaeoey
oa?ieiinenoaiu. Caeinoaiaaiea eiiycu/iuo yeaiaioia niaeaenoaiaaei
?anoe?aieth niaoeeaeueiie eaeneee aeey iiieiaoeee iiauo iiiyoee,
aeeooa?aioeeaoeee e aeaoaeecaoeee oaea nouanoaothueo iiiyoee, ono?aiaiey
iienaoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee oa?ieiia.

A iiae?acaeaea «Eaeneei-naiaioe/aneea iniaaiiinoe oe?aeineie
aeaeeioa/ii-aeaeeia?aoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee» enneaaeothony
eaeneei-naiaioe/aneea i?ioeannu, iaoneiaeaiiua ?acaeoeai naiaioe/aneiai
cia/aiey oa?ieiia. ssaeaiey iieenaiee, iiiieiee, neiiieiee, aioiieiee
i?iyaeyony a oao i?aaeaeao, eioi?ua ia ia?ooatho naiaioe/aneie
ii?aaeaeaiiinoe oa?ieiia.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea «No?oeoo?ii-neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe
aeaeeioa/iie oa?ieiieiaee» enneaaeiaaii niiniau ia?aciaaiey aeaeeioa/iuo
oa?ieiia: noooeenaeueiue, i?aoeenaeueiue, i?aoeenaeueii-noooeenaeueiue,
aacaooeeniue, iniiaineiaeaiea, iaa?aaeaoeey. A nenoaia aooeenaeueiiai
neiaiia?aciaaiey iaeaieaa i?iaeoeoeaiui yaeyaony noooeenaoeey. ?acaeoea
e oneiaeiaiea aeaeeioaeiaaae/aneeo iiiyoee e eo oa?ieiieiaecaoeey,
iiiieiaiea oa?ieiinenoaiu niaaeiiio?aneaauie oa?ieiaie iaoneiaeee
iaiaoiaeeiinoue eiie?aoecaoeee oa?ieiia-iaeiineiaia iooai iiieiaoeee
iiiyoee neiaini/aoaieyie. Oa?ieiieiae/aneay iiieiaoeey iniiauaaaony ia
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiie nenoaia iaoeeiiaeueiiai eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea.
Iniaaiiinoe oa?ieiiia?aciaaiey OAAO ninoiyo a oii, /oi
oa?ieiiia?aciaaoaeueiua n?aaenoaa oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaiueoei iaai?ii
aaeeieoe n?aaieoaeueii ni neiaiia?aciaaieai iauaoiio?aaeoaeueiuo neia, a
oaeaea aieaa aunieie noaiaiueth eo niaoeeaeecaoeee e i?iaeoeoeaiinoe.

A iineaaeiai iiae?acaeaea «I?ioeannu ii?ie?iaaiey aeaeeioa/iie
oa?ieiieiaee» ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu niioaaonoaey ioaeaeueiuo eaenai
ii?iai oa?ieiieiae/aneiai neiaiia?aciaaiey, ono?aiaiey neiiieie/aneie
aa?eaioiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeineay aeaeeioa/ii-aeaeeia?aoe/aneay oa?ieiieiaey,
oa?ieiinenoaia, iiieiaoeey.

Stashco M.V. Forming and development of the Ukrainian
librarian-bibliographical terminology.- Manuscript.

Thesis on the Candidate’s Degree in Philology by speciality
10.02.01.-Ukrainian Language.- Institute of the Ukrainian Language of
National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The scientific work investigates the librarian-bibliographical
terminology of the Ukrainian language in its historical,
lexico-semantical and grammar-structural aspects. Modern librarian
terminology supplies national base of librarianship with nominal means.
It is unified system hierarchically organized language units.

Key words: the librarian-bibliographical terminology of the Ukrainian
language, terminology system, nomination.

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