IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Iaeueiee Na?a?e ?aaiiae/

oaee 631.14:633.1

OI?IOAAIIss OA IAI?ssIEE ?AAOETHAAIIss

OIAA?IIAI IIOAIOe?AEO CAIEA?IANOAA

N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO I?AeI?E?INOA OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 — aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 199913

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iin?the Ieeei
Iiaeyiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa aa?a?iiai na?a?no

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e OAAI
Naaeoe Iao?i O?ioeiiae/, ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI, aee?aeoi?;

— eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?eue?iei Aiaoie?e Aiae??eiae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
o?iain?a, aeaeai aeiiii?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie, IAI
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 21 «aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.004.01 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a
Iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 17 » aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee AEaaea A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeey aoaio ia?aoiaeo a?ae
eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie aaaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee oa?aeoa?i? oae? iaaaaeai? aeiiii?/i? yaeua ye niaae
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?ioeyoe?y, aac?ia?ooy, ui coiiaeththoue aeiiii?/io
ianoaa?euei?noue. Ia aoai? noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iaaoaathoue
iioe?aiiy aa?oa?i?, ee??eiaia? ? e?ceiaia? oa ?io? oi?ie oiaa?iiai?io,
ye? aeey Oe?a?ie ? iiaeie. Oiio, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui i?iaeai?
oi?ioaaiiy ? i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie
i?enay/ai? i?aoe? i?ia?aeieo aeiiii?no?a-aa?a?iee?a, aaaaoi i?iaeai
caeeoathoueny ia?ice?eoeie ? iaeiaea/aieie. Oea, iai?eeeaae, noino?oueny
iaoiaeieia?? ? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa;
eeaneo?eaoe?? e e?euee?nii? ioe?iee oaeoi??a eiai oi?ioaaiiy; aea/aiiy
aeiiii?/ii? nooiino? ? iniaeeainoae oiaa?iiai?io a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo oa iioei?caoe?? eiai ?ici???a ? no?oeoo?e ia ia?niaeoeao;
iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?i oiaa?ii-a?ioiaeo a?aeiinei o caiea?ianoa? Oe?a?ie ia
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae ? aeey caaa?oaeueiiai aoaio ia?aoiaeo aa?a?iiai
naeoi?a aeiiii?ee aei ?eieiaeo ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei oiui.

Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth oiaa?ii-a?ioiaiai ia?ao a noa?? AIE ? oaeiae ?
oa, ui ooo c ?icaeoeii ?eieiaeo ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei aeayeeo aeaiaio?a
oiaa?o iaaoaa? caiey.

Ii?yae c ?ioeie i?iaeaiaie oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a Oe?a?i? noaaeoueny ? i?iaeaia
ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe?? eiaeiiai oiaa?iae?iaieea, a oaeiae noai?aiiy
?eieiaeo eaiie ?io?ano?oeoo?e, aaeaeaaoieo iiaei oiiaai
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iaeiei c aieiaieo oaeoi??a
oni?oo oiaa?iae?iaieea ? iino?eia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
eiieo?aioi-ni?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??. Naia i?iaeai?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? a?o/eciyii? i?iaeoeoe?? ye ia aioo??oiueiio, oae
? ia ciai?oiueiio ?eieao i?eae?ey?oueny iniaeeaa oaaaa a no/anieo
iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo a?aeiieo a/aieo — aeiiii?no?a A. Aieea, A.
Aa?anei/oea, A. Aea?aa’yiea, A. Eaiaeeae, A. E?aaeeniaa, I. Iin?thea, A.
Iieuaiea, A. Naa/oea, I. Naaeoea, A. TH?/eoeia oa ?i.

Aeiaaa? oaeiae aeeaieiai aea/aiiy aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ?ici???a ? no?oeoo?e
oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa a?aeiinii aaiaceno a?oio?a ii
ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie, iniaeeainoae niaoe?ae?caoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ieo cii,
??aiy ? iai?yieo ?ioaineo?eaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa
a oe?eiio ? caiea?ianoaa cie?aia. Aiie ae?ae iaiao?aei? aeey cae?eniaiiy
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiai ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy aaeiaiai ?
oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a caiea?ianueeeo aaeocyo Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ii oaiao «Ae?iaie/ee iioaioe?ae
caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie oa eiai aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea» (? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 0198 U 004642) ? «Caiaeueiee ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie oa
eiai aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea» (? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196 U 005213).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia?aae aeine?aeaeaiiyi iinoaaeaia iaoa
aea/eoe noai oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a uiaei eiai ?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei noi?ioeueiaaii? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iinoaaeai?
oae? caaaeaiiy:

· noi?ioethaaoe aeiiii?/io nooi?noue oiaa?iiai?io a oiiaao ?icaeoeo
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

· aea/eoe iniaeeaino? oiaa?iiai ia?ao a aa?a?i?e noa??;

· aeine?aeeoe oaeoi?e oa oiiae oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa;

· aeine?aeeoe ??aaiue oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie oa eiai aeei?enoaiiy;

· aea/eoe i?e?iaei? /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie;

· aeine?aeeoe ?iaanoeoe?ei? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy
oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa;

· aea/eoe oi?ie oiaa?iiai iai?io a caiea?ianoa? Oe?a?ie ? aianoe
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?o aaeineiiaeaiiy a oiiaao ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei;

· iaa?oiooaaoe i??i?eoaoe oiaa?iiai caiea?ianoaa oa aecia/eoe oeyoe ?o
?aae?caoe?? a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece.

Iaoa??aeaie aeey i?aeaioiaee ?iaioe neoaoaaee ??/i? ca?oe
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ?o ieaiia? aeieoiaioe, aeai?
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea, a oaeiae iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiue ? niinoa?aaeaiue aaoi?a.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oiaa?iee iioaioe?ae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie. Iiaeeaeaia ?ic?iaea cae?eniaia ia i?eeeaae?
iiaeaeueieo ainiiaea?noa iniiaieo cii Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

· ?ice?eoa aeiiii?/ia nooi?noue oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa;

· cae?eniaii eiiieaenia aea/aiiy iane?aee?a aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy, ianyae
oa no?oeoo?o oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie oaoiieia?/ieo,
?iaanoeoe?eieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a eiai oi?ioaaiiy;

· aeine?aeaeaii no/aniee oa ia?niaeoeaiee ianyae ? no?oeoo?o oiaa?iiai
iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie;

· iaa?oioiaaii iai?yiee iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie;

· ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iioeiaeueiiai ae?iaie/iai ieaio
ae?iuoaaiiy oiaa?ieo eoeueoo? ? ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa a ainiiaea?noaao e?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie caeaaeii a?ae
??aiy caaacia/aiino? ia?aiaeie eiooaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? ni?eyoeia oaeineiiaeaiith oi?ioaaiiy
oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa a oiiaao aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ieaioaaii? ?
i?iaiicoaaii? ?icaeoeo aaeocae caiea?ianoaa, e?euee?ni?e ? ye?ni?e
ioe?ioe? iiaeeeaeo c?ooaiue a ianyaao oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa aa?a?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ci?ie noaio ?o iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace, i?e
oi?ioaaii? aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai ?eie?a aa?a?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? oa
aenii?oiiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii ocaaaeueiai? iiaeyaee ??cieo a/aieo
ia oai?aoe/i? canaaee iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie; naiino?eii aeeiiaii aanue
ianya oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Caiea?ianoai OO? noie?ooy — i?iaeaie oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy» (*aaaie,
?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI, 8-10 /a?aiy 1999 ?.); i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aeiaae?caoe?y aeui? aa?a?ii? ina?oe ? iaoee:noai ?
ia?niaeoeae ia ?oaaae? OO? noie?ooy» (Ee?a, IAO, 28-30 aa?aniy 1998 ?.);
?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe??-ia?aae? c ieoaiue ae?iuoaaiiy eoeo?oaece
ia ca?ii (?inoeooo aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa *a?eanueei? iaeano?, 9
ea?oiy 1999 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 ?ia?o caaaeueiei
ianyaii 1,8 ae?oe. a?e.

Ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.
Iniiaia /anoeia aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaia ia 224 noi??ieao, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny ?c 307 iiceoe?e. A ?iaio?
iae?/o?oueny 49 oaaeeoeue ? 4 ?enoiee.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe:

Anooi

?icae?e 1. Ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae oiaa?iiai iai?io a aa?a?i?e noa??
iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

1.1. Oiaa?iiai?i — aaaeeeaa oiiaa ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aa?a?i?e
noa??.

1.2. I?e?iaei? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai
iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa.

1.3. Iniaeeaino? oiaa?iiai ia?ao a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo
ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei.

?icae?e 2. ??aaiue oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa eiai aeei?enoaiiy.

2.1. ?iaanoeoe?ei? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa.

2.2. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa.

2.3. Aeei?enoaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie.

?icae?e 3. Ia?iuoaaiiy oa iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie.

3.1. Oaoiieia?/i? iai?yie ia?iuoaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa.

3.2. Ia?eaoeiaiaa eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie — aaaeeeaa
oiiaa eiai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

3.3. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e ia?iuoaaiiy oa ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie.

Aeniiaee

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIA *ANOEIA ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae oiaa?iiai iai?io a
aa?a?i?e noa?? iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa» — i?iaiae?ciaai? iniaeeaino?
oiaa?iiai iai?io a oiiaao ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aa?a?i?e noa??
iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. C iiceoe?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ?icaeyiooi
oiaa?iiai?i o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao on?o oi?i
aeaniino? ? ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iniiai? i?e?iaei? oaeoi?e ? oiiae, ye?
aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa, cia/aiiy
?aioieo a?aeiinei o oeueiio i?ioean?.

I?ioean a?aeoai?aiiy a aa?a?i?e noa?? aecia/a?oueny oacaie iaa?oaiiy
oiaa?ii? ? a?ioiai? ian. Ae?iaieoeoai, iai?i ? niiaeeaaiiy — oea o?
ia’?eoeai? noni?eueii-aeiiii?/i? eaoaai???, ye? iino?eii ia?aaoaathoue o
o?niiio i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaiio aca?iica’yceo. I?ioa eiaeia oaca
a?aeoai?iiai i?ioeano aeeiio? nai? niaoeeo?/i? ooieoe??, ye?
aecia/athoueny nooi?noth oiaa?o oa a?ioae ye aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e.

?ioaineai?noue iai?iieo i?ioean?a coiiaeth?oueny aeeaeiith noni?eueiiai
iiae?eo i?aoe?, yeee aecia/a? o?niioo aca?iica’yceo i?ae eiie?aoieie
oiaa?iae?iaieeaie /a?ac ia’?eoeai? i?iyae oiaa?ii nai?o aeanoeainoae —
niiaeeaii? aa?oino? oa aa?oino?.

A aa?a?iiio ae?iaieoeoa? niiaeeaia aa?o?noue noai?th?oueny aiane?aeie
aca?iiae?? ethaeeie ? i?e?iaee, a aa?o?noue — ye ?acoeueoao ae??
?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a. Aa?o?noue oiaa?o oi?io? ia?aiaa noa?a, yea
oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue a?aeie?aieaiiy oiaa?iae?iaieea a?ae oiaa?o.

Iani?aiaaeaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ia??iaeo ae?iaieoeoaa c
?iai/ei ia??iaeii coiiaeth?, c iaeiiai aieo, oiia?eueiaiiy ia?aiaeo
i?ioean?a, a c ?ioiai — iiaeeea?noue caeo/aiiy aei ieo o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a iaae?iaie/iai iioiaeaeaiiy, iacaaacia/aieo ?aaeueiith
aa?o?noth. Oea aeaoi?io? ii?iaeueio noaio iaa?oaiiy oiaa?ii? ? a?ioiai?
ian «A — O — A», coiiaeth? cia/iith i??ith ia?ao?ae aei ni?iuaii? noaie
«O — O». Aa?oa?iee iai?i oiaa?aie ? caoeniei caoiaeii a?ae ciaoe?iaiiy
oiaa?ii? iane a aa?a?i?e noa?? ia noaae?? a?ieia?/iiai oeeeeo oi?ioaaiiy
e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo caiea?ianoaa.

Noaia oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa iaaaaeaia
ia ?en. 1.

Aeeiiaiee aiae?c na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui an? oi?ie oiaa?iiai?io, ui
neeaeeny ia no/aniiio aoai?, iinyoue ia?aaaaeii oei/aniaee oa?aeoa? ? a
ia?niaeoea? aeiaaathoue naiai oaeineiiaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «??aaiue oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa eiai aeei?enoaiiy» — iieacaii
i?e?iaei?, ?iaanoeoe?ei?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? neeaaeia? oi?ioaaiiy
oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa, ?ice?eoi ?o aeiiii?/io nooi?noue ?
cia/aiiy.

Ia aoai? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece oa?aeoa?i? niaae ae?iaieoeoaa, ?icaeoie
?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a, aac?ia?ooy. Oea aeiaaa? a?ae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? ?o i?ia?aeii? eaiee —
?ineeiieoeoaa — iiooe?a iiaeeeainoae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoea-iino?,
aeei?enoaiiy oa ia?iuoaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa,
cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??, i?aeaeuaiiy ?? yeino?.

I?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue caie? iiaeia aeaiia iai?yieaie — c iaeiiai
aieo, ca ?aooiie cai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
iia?e?caoe?th ? a?eueo aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeueieo a?oioiaeo
caian?a iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei oeyoii ae?? ia a?oio ye ia i?aaeiao i?aoe? ca
aeiiiiiaith ?aoe?iiaeueieo n?aici?i, ia?niaeoeaieo ni?o?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, ia?ia?oeo caie? oiui, a c ?ioiai —
caaaa/aiiy caiaeue aeaiaioaie aeeaeaiiy ia a?oioiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy
(acioo?enaoe?y, canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea).

I?ioa iiaoaeiaa oaoiieia?e eeoa ia aeoea?caoe?? aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeii?
?iaeth/ino? ia iiaea caaacia/eoe aaaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeinyaioo? a
aeaiee /an iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? caie? ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
iioaioe?aeueiei ?? iiaeeeainoyi. O?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo? i?iaeiaaeo? caeeoaoenue iecueeith, a nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe?? — aenieith. Oea ia noai?th? ia’?eoeaieo aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aaeoiia aeey caaacia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??
caiea?ianoaa ye ia ciai?oiueiio, oae ? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieao caooo
i?iaeoeoe??, oi?ioaaiiy cia/ieo iieaciee?a eiai ?iiino? a on?o
i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1. Iieacieee ??aiy oiaa?iino? caiea?ianoaa a iniiaieo
i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie (o na?aaeiueiio ca 1993-1997 ??.), %

AaeocueOe?a?iaI?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/i? ciieIie?nnyE?ninoaiNoaiCaiea?ianoai,
anueiai39,636,542,343,2a o./.: ca?iiaa
ainiiaea?noai45,949,954,752,8ao?ye?aieoeoai93,393,795,696,6ea?oiiey?noai
? iai/?aieoeoai76,476,276,175,8Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui aaeiaa ?
oiaa?ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? caiea?ianoaa a on?o ciiao Oe?a?ie
oi?io?oueny i?aeoe/ii ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeii? ?iaeth/ino?
caiaeue. ?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui a aeaiee /an oeueiio aeaea?aeo
iaeaaeeoue aeecueei 90,6% o?iaeath ? aaeiaeo cai??a ca?ia, 95,4% —
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a ? 96,6% ea?oiie? ? iai/?a. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iecueeee
??aaiue ?ioaineo?eaoe?? caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie ? i?i iayai?noue cia/ieo
iaaeei?enoaieo iiaeeeainoae a ia?iuoaaii? eiai oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i? iaeei c iai?yie?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? caiea?ianoaa ia
a?ae??ciy?oueny iioeiaeuei?noth. Caaacia/ai?noue aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa
caniaaie iaoai?caoe?? ? aeaeo?eo?eaoe?? ia ia?aaeuo? 65-70%. Oea
ni?e/eiy? ii?ooaiiy iioeiaeueieo no?ie?a aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
iia?aoe?e, cieaeo? ??aaiue eoeueoo?e caiea?ianoaa, ca?eueoo? aeo?aoe
a?ae iaaeiai?o o?iaeath, iineaaeth? ??aaiue eiai oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo.

Ia a?ae??ciy?oueny oaeiae aenieeie iieacieeaie ??aaiue iioei?caoe??
caiea?ianoaa a Oe?a?i?. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a 1997 ?.
?ioaineai?noue canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia aaeoa? iin?aii?
ieiu? nei?ioeeanue o ii??aiyii? c 1986 ?. o 7,9 ?ace ? noaiiaeoue ia
aeaiee /an aeecueei 20 ea ae?th/i? ?a/iaeie. A caiea?ianoa? Oe?a?ie
caaaeai? aei i?i?iaeueieo ianya?a ?iaioe ii caoenoo ?ineei a?ae
ao?’yi?a, oe?aeiee?a oa oai?ia. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaea cieaeaiiy
?iaanooaaiiy caiea?ianoaa ia ? aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaiei iaa?oue a oiiaao
no/anii? aeiiii?/ii? ianoaa?eueiino?. Canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
? aeniei?aioaaaeueiei caoiaeii iaa?oue i?e ?nioth/iio a Oe?a?i?
oe?iiaiio aeenia?eoao?. ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, aeinyaa? a ca?iiaiio ainiiaea?noa?
13,4-36,1%, ea?oiiey?noa? — 754,6, ao?ye?aieoeoa? — 24% oiui. Ioaea,
canoinoaaiiy a caiea?ianoa? Oe?a?ie cania?a o?i?caoe?? ? o??th
aaaeeeaith aeiiii?/iith i?aeieiith, yea aeicaiey? cae?enieoe aeiiii?/io
noaa?e?caoe?th aa?a?ii? noa?e, i?aeaeuaiiy ?? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?,
ia?iuoaaiiy aaeiaiai ? oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iecueeee ??aaiue
o?i?caoe?? iiynith?oueny iaaeineiiae?noth iiaeaoeiai? e?aaeeoii?
nenoaie, ui ia ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith iai?ioieo oiiae?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Anoaiiaeaii, ui caaacia/ai?noue
aa?a?ieo no?oeoo? iai?ioieie oiiaeaie noaiiaeoue ia no/aniiio aoai?
55-60%. Aeiaaino?ieia? aea?aeaai? e?aaeeoe ia ia?aaeuothoue 2,8%.

Ia?aiao?e oa oa?aeoa?enoeee oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie
aecia/athoueny cia/iith i??ith noaiii eiai aioo??oiueiai ?eieo, yeee, a
naith /a?ao, caeaaeeoue a?ae nioe?aeueii? neooaoe??, ?, cie?aia, a?ae
u?eueiino? ianaeaiiy, aeaiia?ao?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae, nioe?aeueii?
aeiiii?ee ? iie?oeee.

Oe?a?ia ? ?aa?iiii c i?aeaeuaiith u?euei?noth ianaeaiiy. Noaiii ia
ii/aoie 1998 ?. aiia noaiiaeea iiiaae 85 in?a ia 1 ea.ei. Ia iaeiiai
aeeoaey Oe?a?ie a na?aaeiueiio i?eiaaea? 0,59 aa ??ee?, a ia iaeiiai
n?euenueeiai — 2,17 aa.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?nueeei ? n?euenueeei ianaeaiiyi noaiiaeoue
1:0,47. N?euenueea ianaeaiiy ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei noa??iiy. Noaiii ia
01.01.98 ?. a no?oeoo?? n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy eeoa 49,3% ? iniae
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo. E?euee?noue in?a iieiaeoa i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo
noaiiaeoue 21,6%, a noa?oa i?aoeacaeaoiiai — 29,3%. Oaea neeaaeia
aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y oi?io? niaoeeo?eo ?iciiae?eo i?iaeoeoo
caiea?ianoaa.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aeaiee /an a Oe?a?i? ia eiaeiiai aeeoaey ae?iaey?oueny
aeecueei 681 ea ca?ia, 539 ea oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a (63,9 ea oeoe?o), 40 ea
ian?iiy niiyoieeo, 309 ea ea?oiie?, 100,6 ea iai/?a oiui. Ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ??/ii? iio?aae (?acii c iaiao?aei?noth caaacia/aiiy
ooaeiae ei?iiaeie ?ano?naie) ia?aaeuaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa iaae
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieie ii?iaoeaaie niiaeeaaiiy noaiiaeoue ii ca?io a
1,24 ?ace, oeoe?iaeo ao?yeao — 1,7, ea?oiie? — 2,94 ?ace oiui. Aeayeee
aeao?oeeo ia? i?noea eeoa ii iai/ao (-33 %).

Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i a?aeiinio naiiaeinoaoi?noue ae?iaie/iai
iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa. I?ioa, aeiiii?/ia e?eca, iaieaoaae?, iecueeee
??aaiue ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a Oe?a?i? ia aeicaieythoue iaiiaithaaoe
niiaeea/ee eioee ca iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieie ii?ia-oeaaie. Noaiii ia
01.01.98 ?. niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy ia-naeaiiyi Oe?a?ie aoei
ieae/ei a?ae iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo ii?-iaoea?a ii i’ynieo i?iaeoeoao ia
46,4%, iieieo ? iieieii?iaeoeoao — ia 39,4, yeoeyo — ia 44, o?oeoao ?
yaiaeao — ia 61,3, oeoe?o — ia 14,2, ie?? — ia 33,9% oiui. Oea caoaeo?
?ii?noue aioo??oiueiai ?eieo ia i?iaeooe?th caiea?ianoaa.

Iaaeie?ee o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? oa iiaeaoeiai? nenoai, aeiiii?/ia
ianoaa?euei?noue oa iaiiaeeea?noue aa?a?ieo no?oeoo? caaacia/eoe
ae?iaieoeoai iaiao?aeieie iai?ioieie oiiaeaie ni?e/eieee ia?aoe?iiaeueio
no?oeoo?o ?iciiae?eo oiaa?ii? iane (oaae. 2).

Iaaaaeai? a oaae. 2 aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui ca aa?oa?ieie oaiaeaie ii
i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio iai?io oa iai?io c aa?ina?a?niith neoaeaith aoei
?aae?ciaaii 40,5% ca?ia, 12,2 — oeoe?o, 30,8 — ea?oiie?, 29,8 — iai/?a
oa 35,5% — ieiae?a ? ya?ae. ? eeoa 4,6 % oiaa?iiai ca?ia oa 5,9% oeoe?o
aoei ?aae?ciaaii ia ciai?oiueiio ?eieo.

Ioaea, Oe?a?ia ua ia noaea e?oiiei aenii?oa?ii aa?a?iiai i?iaeoeoo a
na?o?. Oea ia aeicaiey? e?a?i? cae?enithaaoe iaeiie/aiiy aaethoieo
?aca?a?a, caaacia/oaaoe cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iia?oi?o oaoiieia?e.

Oaaeeoey 2. No?oeoo?a ?iciiae?eo oiaa?ii? iane caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie ca
iai?yiaie ?aae?caoe?? (1993 — 1997 ??.), %

Oiaa?ia i?iaeoeoe?y caiea?ianoaa?aae?ca-

oe?y aea?aeaa?Aioo??o-iueiainii-aea?nueea oa aioo??o-iuei?aa?i-iaeueia
?aae?caoe?yAa?oa? c ?ioeie ?aa?i-iaieAa?oa? c aa?ina?a?n-iith
neoaeaith?aae?ca-

oe?y ia ciai?o-iueiio ?eieoCa?ii25,631,023,217,32,9Oeoe?ia? ao?yee (o
ia?a?aooieo ia
oeoei?)55,026,94,18,15,9Ea?oiiey28,540,725,85,0-Iai/?44,126,115,714,1-Ie
iaee oa yaiaee45,818,721,913,6-

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Ia?iuoaaiiy oa iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy oiaa?iiai
iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao
Oe?a?ie» — ?icaeyiooi iniiai? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy, iie?ioaiiy oa
ia?iuoaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa; aeine?aeaeaii iai?yiee
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a; i?eae?eaii oaaao oaoiieia?/iei
iai?yieai ia?iuoaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa, ia?eaoeiaia?e
eiioeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy ? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iei oaeoi?ai ia?iuoaaiiy
oa ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui iioaioe?aeueia ?iaeth/?noue caiaeue
Oe?a?ie aeinoaoiy aeey caaacia/aiiy a?eueo cia/ieo ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe?? oiaa?ieo eoeueoo? ii??aiyii c oaeoe/ii aeinyaiooeie
ainiiaea?noaaie iieacieeaie. I?e caaacia/aii? aeiia oaoiieia?e,
ai?iaaaeaeaii? i?ia?aneaieo i?eeii?a i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, iioei?caoe??
no?oeoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa ?niothoue ?aaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ia cieaeoaaoe, a
iaa?oue cia/ii i?aeaeuoaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue caiaeue.

Cia/i? iiaeeeaino? ia? Oe?a?ia ? a i?aeaeuaii? a?iaeath
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ca ?aooiie aeiaeaoeiaeo aeeaaeaiue o
caiea?ianoai i?aoe? ? eioo?a. Aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae caiaeue Oe?a?ie
aeicaiey? aenieii?iaeoeoeaii ieoieoe e?ioeaaei i?iaeoeoii caiea?ianoaa
aenie? ii?ie aeia?ea, cania?a caoenoo ?ineei, eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy a
??eaaoe?eia oa eoeueoo?oaoi?/ia aoae?aieoeoai oiui.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo i?iii?oe?e ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie iaiao?aeii aeiaanoe ianyae ia?aiaeo
eioo?a o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aa iin?ao iceii? ioaieoe? aei 191 aeiea?a NOA,
y/iaith — 139, iceiiai aeeoa — 182, eoeo?oaece — 240, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a
— 340 aeiea??a NOA. Oea aeicaieeoue aa?aiooaaoe o?iaeaei?noue iceii?
ioaieoe? a ianyc? 49-50 oe/aa, y/iaith — 44-45, iceiiai aeeoa — 35-36,
eoeo?oaece ia ca?ii — 55-60, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a — 450-500 oe/aa oiui.

?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui i?e aeeiiaii? i?eioeeio naiicaaacia/aiiy a
ne?iaei? ? iaoa??aeao aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa, caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa
i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiai iai?io oa iai?io c aa?ina?a?niith neoaeaith
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa iaoeiooue cia/i? iiaeeeaino? a
oi?ioaaii? aenii?oiiai iioaioe?aeo i?iaeoeoe?? caiea?ianoaa (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3. Ianyae aenii?oiiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie (i?iaiic
ia 2010 ?.)

I?iaeoeoe?y caiea?ianoaaOe?a?iaIie?nnyE?ninoaiNoaiiany-ae ?aa-e?ca-oe??
c

1 aa, oea % aei i?i-

aiici-

aaiiai o?iaeathiany-ae ?aa-e?ca-oe?? c

1 aa, oea % aei i?i-

aiici-

aaiiai o?iaeathiany-ae ?aa-e?ca-oe?? c

1 aa, oea % aei i?i-

aiici-

aaiiai o?iaeathiany-ae ?aa-e?ca-oe?? c

1 aa, oea % aei i?i-

aiici-

aaiiai o?iaeathCa?ii16,939,315,944,417,240,017,940,7Oeoe?ia?
ao?yee287,480,6286,492,3451,793,3184,192,0Ea?oiiey150,174,6180,375,4184,
174,291,436,7Iai/?137,462,2110,361,1145,365,9155,470,5

Iaaaaeai? a oaae. 3 aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aeecueei 39,3% o?iaeath
? aaeiaeo cai??a ca?ia, a oaeiae 80,6 — oeoe?o, 74,6 — ea?oiie? oa 62,2%
iai/?a iiaea i?aeeyaaoe ?aae?caoe?? ia ciai?oiueiio ?eieo.

Ioaea, a ia?niaeoea? Oe?a?ia ? ?? iaeaaaeeea?o? i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/i?
?aa?iie iathoue ?aaeueio iiaeeea?noue aenii?ooaaoe cia/io e?euee?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? caiea?ianoaa. Aacoiiaii, ui aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii
iaeaaiaeeoe a e?a?i? nenoaio ia?eaoeiao ?, ia?o ca ana, ?aeeaio
i?iaeoeoe??.

AENIIAEE ? I?IIICEOe??

1. Oe?a?ia ia? cia/i? ?ano?ne aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa??a — aaeeeo oa?eoi??th c? cia/ieie
ieiuaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, ye? caaaeyee ?o aenie?e
i?e?iaei?e ?iaeth/ino? oa ni?eyoeeaiio ee?iaoo iathoue aaeeeee
iioaioe?ae o?iaeaeiino?.

I?ioa, no/ania aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie ia a?aeiia?aea?
aeiiaai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, ?nioth/? ia?aiao?e
i?iaeoeoeaiino? caie? ia noai?ththoue aeiiii?/ieo ia?aaeoiia aeey
oi?ioaaiiy cia/iiai oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo a aaeocyo caiea?ianoaa.
Iaiao?aei?noue aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeeio i?iaeiaieue/iai oa oo?aaeiiai
naiicaaacia/aiiy a ia?ao?aeiee aei ?eieo ia??iae ni?e/eiy? iecuee?
iieacieee oiaa?iino? iaeaea an?o eiai aaeocae.

2. A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?iaeoeoe??
caiea?ianoaa iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe ciie oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa c iiaiei
aeei?enoaiiyi i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo, ui aeicaieeoue oaeaeei
ia?iuoaaoe ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? ? iaea?aeoaaoe iaeneioi
i?eaooeo a?ae ?? ?aae?caoe??.

3. Aiae?c oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy aaeiaiai ? oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
caiea?ianoa? Oe?a?ie na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia aeaiiio aoai? i?aeoe/ii
aanue eiai ianya noai?th?oueny ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeueii?
?iaeth/ino? a?oioo. ??aaiue ?ioaineo?eaoe?? caiea?ianoaa ia ?
iioeiaeueiei i? ca iaeiei c iieaciee?a. Caaacia/ai?noue ainiiaea?noa
caniaaie iaoai?caoe?? ia ia?aaeuo? 65-70%, a canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea
iaeaea o 8 ?ac?a ieae/a a?ae iio?aae. Oaea noaiiaeua ia ni?ey?
aeeiiaiith ?ia?o a iioeiaeuei? aa?ioaoi?/i? no?iee ? coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?e caoaeai?e oi?i?
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo. Iaeii/anii aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy a caiea?ianoa? iaea?eueo aeoeaieo ae?iaie/eo
?ano?n?a na?ae/aoue i?i ?o aenie? iieacieee iaa?oue a no/anieo oiiaao.
??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea a caiea?ianoa? aeinyaa?
150-180%.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ? iiaeeea?noue cia/ii ca?eueoeoe ianyae oiaa?iiai
iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa Oe?a?ie oa iie?ioeoe eiai no?oeoo?o ca ?aooiie
i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai
i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e, canoinoaaiiy aeinoaoiuei? e?eueeino? aeia?ea,
cania?a caoenoo ?ineei, ia?niaeoeaieo ni?o?a oiui. ?ic?aooiee
iieacothoue, ui oea aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue caie? a
ii??aiyii? c no/aniei noaiii a caeaaeiino? a?ae eoeueoo? a 1,5-2,5 ?ace.
I?e i?iaiici?e aeaiia?ao?/i?e neooaoe?? ?ii?noue aioo??oiueiai ?eieo ii
oaoiieia?/iiio ? i?iaeiaieue/iio naiicaaacia/aiith, iai?io i?iaeoeoe??th
caiea?ianoaa c aa?ina?a?niith neoaeaith oa noai?aiith aea?aeaaieo
?aca?a?a i?iaeiaieuenoaa noaiiaeoeia ii ca?io 53,4% aaeiaeo cai??a,
oeoe?o — 7,6, ea?oiie? — 26,3, iai/?a — 38,7% oiui.

5. Caiea?ianoai Oe?a?ie ia? cia/i? iiaeeeaino? ? a oi?ioaaii?
aenii?oiiai iioaioe?aeo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui i?ney
caaeiaieaiiy aioo??oi?o iio?aa ia ciai?oiueiio ?eieo iiaeia aoaea
?aae?coaaoe aeecueei 39,3% aaeiaeo cai??a ca?ia, 80,6% — oeoe?o, 74,6 —
ea?oiie?, 62,2% iai/?a oiui.

Uiaei caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo iieaciee?a yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, oi ooo
iniiaia oaaaa iiaeiia i?eae?eyoenue cai?iaaaeaeaiith acioiaiai
aaoiiii?oi?eiao, iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e iin?aieo ieiu, caaacia/aiith
o?i?/ii? iae?i?aoe?? a?oio?a oiui.

6. Caiea?ianoai Oe?a?ie a ia?niaeoea? iiaea noaoe aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii
aaethoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa ?
athaeaeao e?a?ie. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii iaeaaiaeeoe nenoaio
ia?eaoeiaiai? neoaeae, caaacia/eoe ?? iaiao?aeio ?aeeaio oiui.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Iaeueiee N.?. Oaeoi?e oa oiiae noai?aiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa // Aeiiii?ea AIE — 1999. — ?3. — N. 74-75.

2. Iaeueiee N.?. Ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa // Iaoeiaee a?niee IAO: Ca.iaoe.i?.- E., 1998. — Aei.4. —
N. 357-361.

3. Iaeueiee N.?. Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe??
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a // Iaoeiaee a?niee IAO: Ca.iaoe.i?. — E., 1998. — Aei.
4. — N. 347-351.

4. Iaeueiee N.?. I?iaeaie ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?iaeoeoe??
ao?yeioeoe?iaiai i?aeeiiieaeno // A?niee Euea?anueeiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo: Ca.iaoe.i?. — 1999. — Aei. 5. — N. 42-45.

5. Iaeueiee N.?. ?eiie ca?ia oa iniaeeaino? eiai oi?ioaaiiy // A?niee
Noinueeiai AeAO, 1999. — Aei. 7. — N. 43-45.

6. Iaeueiee N.?. Oaiaeaioe?? ? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo ca?ia //
Iaoeiaee a?niee IAO: Ca.iaoe.i?.- E., 1998. — Aei. 4.- N. 342-347.

Iaeueiee N.?. Oi?ioaaiiy oa iai?yiee ?aaoethaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo
caiea?ianoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 — aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa. — Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeaiai oi?ioaaiiy oa iai?yieai ?aaoethaaiiy
? ia?iuoaaiiy oiaa?iiai iioaioe?aeo caiea?ianoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, nenoai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a uiaei eiai ?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa : oiaa?, oiaa?ia i?iaeoeoe?y, oiaa?iee iioaioe?ae,
aeiiii?/ia ?iaeth/?noue a?oioo, aaeiaa i?iaeoeoe?y, cao?aoe
ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aia? eiooe, oe?ia caie?.

Iaeueiee N.E. Oi?ie?iaaiea e iooe ?aaoee?iaaiey oiaa?iiai iioaioeeaea
caieaaeaeey naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee Oe?aeiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa. — Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, a. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai oi?ie?iaaiey e iai?aaeaieyi
?aaoee?iaaiey e ia?aueaaiey oiaa?iiai iioaioeeaea caieaaeaeey
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, nenoaia
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee ii aai ?acaeoeth e
oniaa?oainoaiaaieth a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi caieaaeaeea Oe?aeiu ?aniieaaaao cia/eoaeueiuie
aiciiaeiinoyie a oi?ie?iaaiee oiaa?iiai iioaioeeaea. Caeanue
?aoeeiiaeueii ni/aoathony aeaaii?eyoiua eeeiaoe/aneea oneiaey n aunieeie
iieacaoaeyie ieiaei?iaeey caiaeue. Iaeiaei, i?e neiaeeaoaeny a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy e?eoe/aneie yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee i?iaeoeoeaiinoue caiaeue
yaeyaony ieceie. A ?acoeueoaoa oaeoe/aneea aaeiaua nai?u
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo? ?ani?aaeaeythony oaeei ia?acii, /oi
iniiaiay eo aeiey ?anoiaeoaony ia auiieiaiea i?eioeeia naiiiaania/aiey
nu?ue?i e iaoa?eaeaie nianoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, inouanoaeaiea
iaae?aaeiiaeueiuo aa?oa?iuo iaiaiiuo iia?aoeee, a oaeaea aa?oa?a n
aa?ina?aeniie neoaeaie. Yenii?o i?iaeoeoeee caieaaeaeey iineo
iiae/ei?iiia cia/aiea e ia i?aauoaao 4-6%. A oaeeo oneiaeyo caieaaeaeea
Oe?aeiu ia yaeyaony enoi/ieeii iinooieaiey aaethoiuo n?aaenoa.

Enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e aiaae?aiee a aa?a?iia i?iecaiaenoai
nia?aiaiiuo oaoiieiaee, ia?aaeiauo i?e?iia aai i?aaiecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue caiaeue iiaeao auoue iiauoaia a 1,5-2,5 ?aca. Yoi
iicaieeo auiieieoue i?eioeei i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiiai naiiiaania/aiey,
iaania/eoue ainoaea?noai iaiaoiaeeiuie i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiuie ?aca?aaie,
aa?aioe?iaaoue a iieiii iau?ia acaeii?an/?ou n na?aeniie neoaeaie e
iaania/eoue yenii?o i?iaeoeoeee caieaaeaeey (a caaeneiinoe io a? aeaea)
ia 35-40%.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oiaa?, oiaa?iay i?iaeoeoeey, oiaa?iue iioaioeeae,
yeiiiie/aneia ieiaei?iaeea ii/au, aaeiaay i?iaeoeoeey, cao?aou
i?iecaiaenoaa, iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa, oeaia caiee.

Melnik S.I. Shaping and paths of a regulation of documentary potential
of agriculture of the agricultural enterprises of Ukraine.-Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of scientific degree of the candidate of economic
sciences on a speciality 08.06.01 — business economics and organization
of production.- National agrarian university, Kiev, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to problems of shaping both directions of
regulation and escalating of a documentary potential of agriculture of
the agricultural enterprises, to a system is organization — economic of
measures till it to development and improvement in conditions of
transition to market economy.

Key words: the goods, commodity output, documentary potential, economic
fertiliti of ground, gross product, costs of production, circulating
assets, price of land.

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