2

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO OAA?EIIEOeOAA

Eaaeeo ??eia Ieaen??aia

OAeE 591.87:591.144:636.3.035

OI?IOAAIIss OE??ssII-AIEINssIIAI IIE?EAO ? AIAIIAI? I?IAeOEOEAIINO? O
IAAOeUe A CAEAAEIINO? A?Ae ?ICAEOEO UEOIAEAeII? CAEICE

06.02.01 — ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?,

I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaoee Aai?a?e Aeieo?iae/,

Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee

oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith

a?ieia?? oaa?ei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii? ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

Ooaa?a Aaneeue Oeoiiiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee

oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oaoiieia??

ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aea?aa’yiei Ieueaa Ieeei?aia,

Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo,

caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith ae??aiiai oaa?eiieoeoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a aiae?ae?,

I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie , i. Oa?nii

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ‘ 26 ’ aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 65.356.01 ?inoeoooo oaa?eiieoeoaa
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??

aa?a?ieo iaoe ( 312120, i. Oa?e?a, i /a Eoeeie/? ).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI

( 312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/? ).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ‘ 25’ aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Oaaoia A.?.

(i?aeien)

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaaoeue ? ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa aiaie ? aeooaeueiith caaea/ath. Iaeiei c iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaieo niinia?a ae??oaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy ? oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiae?a naeaeoe?eii-ieai?iii? ?iaioe. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iaoiaee
aeiai?o iaaoeue a ieai?iieo ainiiaea?noaao a iniiaiiio a?oioothoueny ia
aeaieo aii?ooaaiiy oaa?ei ia?aaaaeii o a?oe? iaeiiai ?ieo, ui ia iiaea a
iiai?e i??? ni?eyoe ?ioaineo?eaoe?? naeaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano. Oiio iiooe
aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ieai?iieo iaaoeue caeeoa?oueny i?ei?eoaoiei iai?yiii iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?iaioe niaoe?ae?no?a a aaeoc? a?a/a?noaa.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iano?ea oa ye?noue aiaie iaaoeue caeaaeaoue a?ae
ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueii? aoaeiae oe??e, yea a naith /a?ao i?aeeyaa? aieeao
ia eeoa oiia aiae?ae? oa oo?eiaiiy, aea e ??cieo aiaeiaaiieo oaeoi??a,
i?e oeueiio noai oe??yiiai iie?eao i?oeii iia’ycaiee c ooieoe??th
ueoiaeaeii? caeice, iaei??th c oiia ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?thaaiiy yei?
ne?ae aaaaeaoe ?aaoey?ia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy eiaeo a i?aai?ci.

Ii?ioaaiiy aiae?ae? ca i?e?iaeaiaioaie cae?enith?oueny aaaaeaiiyi o
?aoe?ii oaa?ei i?ia?aeueii? nie?, aeica ? o?eaae?noue caiaeiaoaaiiy
yei? ?noioii ci?iththoueny. Aaaaeaiiy eiaeenoiai eae?th iiceoeaii
aieeaa? ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei, a naia ia
aiaiiao i?iaeoeoeai?noue — caeeaaeeo aieinyieo oie?eoe?a.

Aecia/aiiy aieeao ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiiy oeoiaeaeii? caeice
ia oi?ioaaiiy oe??yii-aieinyiiai iie?eao oa iiaeaeueoi? aiaiiai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iaaoeue iio?aao? iiaeeaeaiiiai aea/aiiy. Iiooe
aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee oa i?iaiicoaaiiy aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iiaea aooe iia’ycaiee c eiio?ieai a?noiaaiacieo i?ioean?a, ui
i?io?eathoue a ueoiaeaei?e caeic? oa oe??? iaaoeue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoee i?iaaaeai? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoe/iei ieaiii iaoeiaeo ?ia?o
Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 0197 U004952 ).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoei
aea/aiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiiaeaiiyi ueoiaeaeii?
caeice, ?icaeoeii oe??yii-aieinyiiai iie?eao ia ??cieo aoaiao
iioiaaiaco oa iiaeaeueoith aiaiiaith i?iaeoeoeai?noth o iaaoeue.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai aoee iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy :

— aea/eoe ii?oieia?/io ea?oeio aoaeiae oe??e oa c?iaeoeoe ii?oieia?/iee
aiae?c ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice o aia??ii?a
iaaoeue aneai?enueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee 76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? ia?o?e noaae?? a?noieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo oe??e ca
I.I.Ae?ii?aeiaith;

— c’ynoaaoe aieea eiaeenoiai eae?th ia ?icaeoie ueoiaeaeii? caeice o
iaaoeue;

— aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?icaeoeo oa??a oe??e, ?ioaineaiino? caeeaaeee
aieinyieo oie?eoe?a, noaiiaeaiiy oe??yieo caeic (naeueieo ? iioiaeo) o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo;

— aea/eoe e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iaaoeue a caeaaeiino? a?ae noeioethth/iai ?icaeoeo ueoiaeaeii? caeice;

— aeyaeoe ei?aeyoe?ei? aca?iica’ycee i?ae ?icaeoeii oe??yii-aieinyiiai
iie?eao, aiaiiaith i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa noaiiaeaiiyi ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa c?iaeaii eiiieaeniee
i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie aiaiiooai?aiiy oeyoii aea/aiiy a?noieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oe??e a ca‘yceo c noeioethth/ei ?icaeoeii ueoiaeaeii?
caeice.

Aia?oa aea/aii aieea iaoa?einueeiai i?aai?cio ia a?noieia?/i? i?ioeane,
ye? aeieeathoue a oe??? oa ueoiaeaei?e caeic? aia??ii?a, io?eiaieo a?ae
ieo.

I?iaaaeaii e?euee?niee aiae?c a?noieia?/ieo c??c?a oe??e oa ueoiaeaeii?
caeice ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo ii?oiiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a.

Aea/aii ei?aeyoeaio caeaaei?noue i?ae iieacieeaie oe??e oa ueoiaeaeii?
caeice i?ae aieeaii eiaeenoiai eae?th o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei.

I?iaaaeaii e?euee?niee oa ye?niee aiae?c iieaciee?a aiaiiai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaaoeue a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?icaeoeo ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

Cai?iiiiiaaii can?a ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee iiaeaeueoi? aiaiiai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaaoeue ca aeiiiiiaith a?noieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ca
noaiii ueoiaeaeii? caeice o iaaoeue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
na?ae/aoue i?i aca?iica’ycie i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiiaeaiiyi
ueoiaeaeii? caeice, ?icaeoeii oe??yii-aieinyiiai iie?eao ia ??cieo
aoaiao iioiaaiaco oa iine?aeoth/ith aiaiiaith i?iaeoeoeai?noth o
iaaoeue aneai?enueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee. Aecia/aii aieea
iaoa?einueeiai i?aai?cio ia ?icaeoie aia??iio, yeee iaaea? iiaeeea?noue
aeey oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ueoiaeaeii? caeice o iaaoeue.

Anoaiiaeaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiaeenoiai eae?th ia
noeioethth/ee ?icaeoie ueoiaeaeii? caeice oa i?aeaeuaiiy aiaiiai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iaaoeue. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aecia/ai? oae? iieacieee: a?aeiioaiiy nini/eiaiai oa?o aei n?o/anoiai,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie oe??yieo caeic, ui iaaeathoue
iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe ca’ycie i?ae i?aai?ciii oa iaaeieeoi?i
na?aaeiaeuai.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii i?aai?ciaaii ?
i?iaaaeaii iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aenia?eiaio ia a?aoeyo aneai?enueei?
oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee a ENI “Aeaea?” Ia?e?anueeiai ?aeiio Eoaainueei?
iaeano?. Caeiaoaa/ai ii?aoeueiaaii aaeeeo e?euee?noue e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae ye a?o/eciyieo, oae ? caei?aeiiieo aaoi??a c ieoaiue
?oiiooai?thaaiiy oa aieeao eiaeenoiai eae?th ia aiaiiao i?iaeoeoeai?noue
iaaoeue. Iei inai?i? on? iaiao?aei? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue. O
ni?ai?aoe? c aeioeaioii eaoaae?e aaeocaai? ciioaoi?? A?eiao?iaith A.?.
aoee i?iaaaeai? aii?ooaaiiy oa iae?e aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iaaoeue
( 80 ? 20 % ).

Aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao a ?iaio? aeeiiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi
i?e iaoiaee/i?e aeiiiiic? aeieoi?a a?ieia?/ieo iaoe A.Ae.Eaoee ?
eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe I.O.Aaaea?iaa. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a
neeaaea? a?eueo o?e /aa?o? caaaeueiiai ianyao
iaoeiai-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1997,1998,1999 ?iee); ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
a/aieo “I?iaeaie aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ii ianeoaiaoaaiith
oaa?eiieoeoaa eieaeoeaieo oa oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa”, a ?inoeooo?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie (Oa?e?a, 1992 );
aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaio ?icaeyiooi ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
a?ieia?? oaa?ei ENA? ca o/anoth /eai?a eaoaae? aaeocaai? ciioaoi?? oa
caaaeueiiai oaa?eiieoeoaa (1998 ) ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei caoenoo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 6
?ia?o a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a o./. o 3
aeaeaiiyo, ia?aaeaa/aieo AAEii Oe?a?ie.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 163
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aeo ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?o iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao,
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui aeeth/a? 273 iaeiaioaaiiy, c yeeo 37 ?iicaiiith
iiaith, aeiaeaoe?a. I?noeoue 24 oaaeeoe? oa 23 ?enoiee.

IAOA??AE ? IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nuee? aeine?aee aoee i?iaaaeai? o 1990 — 1993 ?ieao o
niaoe?ae?ciaaiiio ainiiaea?noa? ii ae?iuoaaiith iaaoeue aneai?enueei?
oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee ENI “Aeaea?” Ia?e?anueeiai ?aeiio Eoaainueei?
iaeano?.

Aoei aeia?aii 40 aie?a iaaoeue aneai?enueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee ca
iaoiaeii aiaeia?a (ca a?eii, aeeaith ianith, aiaiiaith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth). Noi?iiaaii aea? a?oie ii 20 aie?a a eiaei?e: iaeia
a?oia aeine?aeia , ae?oaa — eiio?ieueia. Oaa?eie ciaoiaeeeeny a
e?oiueiio oaai??. ??aaiue aiae?ae? a?aeiia?aeaa ii?iai A?O, iaioaaiiy
aoei i?aai?ciaaii oaieth. Iaaoeue iaio a?oi in?iaiyee aa?aiiei iaoiaeii
i?e aeei?enoaii? ae?oiiai aa?aia-ie?aeieea ? 92611 aneai?enei?
oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee, caaacaiiai aei ainiiaea?noaa c ieaicaaiaeo
“*a?aiiee /aaai”, Oa?niinueei? iaeano?.

I?ioyaii aeaio ia?oeo i?nyoe?a noyaiino? ia?ay?ee aeine?aeii? a?oie
io?eioaaee eiaeenoee eae?e ii 2 a uiaeaiii o aeaeyae? aiaeiiai ?ic/eio.
Caa?e 6 aie?a iaoie aeine?aeii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi i?iaiaeeee ia 76
-78 aeaiue noyaiino? c iaoith acyooy o ieo aia??ii?a aeey aeiai?o
a?noiiaoa??aeo .

I?e?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??yiiai iie?eao aia??ii?a,
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeaie I.I.Ae?ii?aeiai? [51] ?
A.Ae.Eaoee [89]. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
ueoiaeaeii? caeice o aia??ii?a 76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo cae?enithaaee ca
iaoiaeeeaie A.A.Aaoaiae?eiaa [10] ? A.E. Aeeiaa [24], M.Palkovich [268].
Aii?ooaaiy y?ie aeine?aeii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi o 1- 2-??/iiio a?oe?
i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii c “?ino?oeoe??th ii aii?ooaaiith iaaoeue oiiei?oiieo
ii??ae c iniiaaie ieai?ii? ?iaioe” [75].

Noaia aeine?aeo

A?oia ia?ay?ie

Eiio?ieueia Aeine?aeia

(20 aie?a) (20
aie?a)

Aeine?aeaeoaaiee oaeoi?

?iaeooe?eiaaiee aieea
eiaeenoiai eae?th ia ?icaeoie ueoiaeaeii? caeice aia??ii?a
76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo

Eiio?ieueiaai? iciaee

Aia??iie Iiaiia?iaeaeai? yaiyoa A?aoe? 1 oa 2 ?ie?a

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ueoiaeaeii? caeice
E?euee?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaeiae oe??eIi?oieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
caeicenoiai aia?aoo oe??eOa?aeoa?enoeea aiaiiai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?Oa?aeoa?enoeea oie?eoey?iiai oiiaeoNoaoenoe/iee aiae?c
io?eiaieo aeaieo

Ei?aeyoe?ei? aca?iica’ycee i?ae iieacieeaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue

?icaeoie no?oeoo?e oe??e oa ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO
AeINE?AeAEAIUe

A?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??e aia??ii?a 76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo
I.I.Ae?ii?aeiaa [53], I.I.Eoueo?i [123], I.Ooio?aeaa [216],
I.I.Iaio?eiaa [162], A.A.Noaeai ? ?i. [200], A.Ae.Eaoee, E.N.Oaeano
[88], I.I.Ei?i??iei [104], I.E.E?ieoa?, A.?.Aethae?ia [109] e ?i. nai?ie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie ?ice?eee, ui oi?ioaaiiy aiaiiaiai iie?eao oiiei?oiieo
iaaoeue ? /anoeith aaeeei? caaaeueiia?ieia?/ii? i?iaeaie — i?ciaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oaa?ei oa iiaeeeaino?
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie iioiaaiaco .

I?e?ineii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??e aeeth/aei ia o?eueee iien oeaieiieo
no?oeoo? ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a, aieieieiieo ooai?aiue oa iio?aeieo oe??e —
ei?ai?a aieinny ? caeicenoiai aia?aoo, a e aecia/aiiy e?euee?nieo
iieaciee?a oiaueie ?? oa??a (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee oe??e aia??ii?a

76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo (Mm)

?A?oiaAonoioa aieinyieo oie?eoe?a,Oiaueia ai?aea?i?no,Oiaueia aea?ie,
ieiOiaueia oe??e,oo/ii2 iei nini/ei-aee oa? n?o/anoee oa? iei
1Eiio?i-eueia
331,12,834.10.4146.92.0298.37.6478.89.02Aeine?aeia324.90.633.90.3140.60.
4282.91.3456.82.33?< 0.01> 0.05< 0.01< 0.01< 0.01 Ia aeaiiio aoai? aia??iaaiaco iicia/athoueny iacia/i? a?aei?iiino? ca aonoioith caeeaaeee aieinyieo oie?eoe?a, a oaeiae aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy oa??a oe??e aia??ii?a 76 - 78 - aeaiiiai a?eo . Oe??a aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 5 % a??ia?aeii oiioa a?ae oe??e aia??ii?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Iii?oi? a?aei?iiino? ? o oiauei? aea?ie: nini/eiaee oa? ia 4% ? n?o/anoee oa? ia 5 % o aeine?aei?e a?oi? iinooia?oueny aeaiei iieacieeai eiio?ieueii?. Aoueia aieinyieo oie?eoe?a ae?oai? a?oie neeaaea? 98% aeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aia??ii?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Oa?e oe??e ciaoiaeyoueny ia noaae?? oi?ioaaiiy, a oiio /ene? o nini/eiaiio oa?? no?oeoo?a ua iiai?noth ia ooai?aia. O oeueiio a?oe? a?aecia/a?oueny ?ioaineaia caeeaaeea ia?aeiieo aieinyieo oie?eoe?a. Ca?iaeeia? oie?eoee, oi/a ? iacia/ii, aea iiaeeioee a nini/eiaee oa? aea?ie. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ueoiaeaeii? caeice aia??ii?a I?e?ineii?/ia aea/aiiy i?aia?ao?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice aia??ii?a 76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo na?ae/eoue, ui caeica ioi/aia oiieith aeineoue iooeith niieo/ii-oeaieiiith iaieiieith, a?ae yei? a?aeoiaeyoue i?ioa?ee, ui i?iieeathoue o oiauo i?aaio. A naiiio i?aai? aecia/athoueny no?iiaeueiee oa ia?aio?iaoiciee eiiiiiaioe, a?coaeueii, a ie?aieo ae?eyieao ? /ano?oa ca ona ii ia?eoa??? i?aaio, no?iiaeueiee eiiiiiaio c e?iaiiinieie noaeeiaie ia? ia?aaaao iaae ia?aio?iaoiciei. Ia?aio?ia caeice iaaoaa? oa?aeoa? oie?eoey?iiai oeio (oaae.2). Oi?ioaaiiy oie?eoe?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iineoue iica?/iee oa?aeoa?. Ia iaeieo ae?eyieao oie?eoee ae??ai?, a ia ?ioeo - e?oii?o?, ioi/ai? e?iaiiinieie noaeeiaie, ui a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia eiao?oe??io? aa??aoe?? ae?aiao?a ii?iaeieie oie?eoea (Cv = 24%). No?iea oie?eoea c ae?aciith ii?iaeieiith ooai?aia iaeiioa?iaei eoa?/iei ai?oae??i, aenioa ee?oei eio?iai aei??aith? 6,4 0,4 iei. I?e oeueiio iii?oia cia/ia aa??aaaeuei?noue oeueiai iieacieea (Nv = 41,7%), yeee iaaii caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy oi?ioaaiiy oie?eoe?a oa iaeiie/aiiy a ieo eiei?aeo, a naia - ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ??cieo oie?eoe?a Oaaeeoey 2 Ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ueoiaeaeii? caeice (Mm) A?oiaAioo??oi?e ae?aiao? oie?eoea, ieiCiai?oi?e ae?aiao? oie?eoea, ieiAenioa oe?ai?aeiiai ai?oae?th, ieiAonoioaa oie?eoe?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice, oo/ii2Eiio?ieueia17,020,623,30,66,400,496,301,5Aeine?aeia18,800,322,90,2 4,150,2120,01,1??cieoey, P < 0,01 < 0,01 < 0,01 < 0,01 . Ia?aio?ia ueoiaeaeii? caeice aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie oaeiae ia? aoaeiao oie?eoey?iiai oeio, i?ioa, iaie aeyaeaii iaai? no?oeoo?i? a?aei?iiino?, ye? noinothoueny, ye no?iie, oae ? ia?aio?ie aeine?aeieo caeic. A?ae iooei? niieo/ii-oeaieiii? iaieiiee a?aeoiaeyoue i?ioa?ee aei ia?aio?ie caeice, ye? oi?iothoue no?iio i?aaio oa neeaaeathoue ?acii c e?iaiiinieie noaeeiaie no?iiaeueii-noaeeiiee eiiiiiaio caeice. Oeae eiiiiiaio iaea?eueo ?icaeiooee oa aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee o aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith oa iiae?ey? ia?aio?io caeice ia aeie? ??cii? oi?ie oa aaee/eie. O i?ioa?eao niieo/ii? oeaieie ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a iaioa, ioa?? e?iaiiinieo noaeei oa eai?ey??a oe?oee, i?ae o eiio?ieueieo aia??ii?a. Uiaei ia?aio?iaoiciiai eiiiiiaioo, oi a?aecia/a?oueny ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? oie?eoe?a caeice, ye ia ia?eoa?e/ieo, oae ? a oeaio?aeueieo ae?eyieao, o??aeaeaiiy ai?oae?ioeeo?a i?ae oie?eoeaie. O aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia iaeeieoeth ieiu? i?eoiaeeoueny ia 20% a?eueoa oie?eoe?a, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e . Ii?oiiao?e/i? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui o aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie aioo??oi?e ae?aiao? oie?eoea ia 1,78 iei a?eueoee, i?ae o aia??ii?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Ii?o/ c oei, caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao iecueeee eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? oe??? iciaee: o aeine?aei?e a?oi? Cv = 9,5% a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, aea Cv = 24,0%, ui aacia?a/ii na?ae/eoue i?i iaeiaeia?noue oie?eoe?a ca ?ici??ii o aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Oaeei /eiii, o aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie a?noieia?/i? i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaeeieoeue ueoiaeaeii? caeice a?aeaoaathoueny a?eueo ?ioaineaii ? iaeaea iaeii/anii ii an?e ia?aioei?. Aenioa ee?oei oe?ai?aeiiai ai?oae?th ia 2,350,2 iei iaioa o aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie, ?acii c oeei eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? oe??? iciaee aenieee (Nv=38,7%). Aeayea ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiueiai ae?aiao?o ii?iaeieie oa aenieee eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? aenioe ee?oei ai?oae?th no?iie oie?eoe?a aeicaiey? i?eiouaiiy, ui aaaaoi oie?eoe?a ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??cieo noaae?yo ooai?aiiy oa iaeiie/aiiy oe?aiaeiaoe?io . Oaeei /eiii, a?noiaaiac no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaeeieoeue ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a oaeiae oi?ioaaiiy ?? no?iiaeueii-noaeeiiiai eiiieaeno a?aeaoaa?oueny a?eueo ?ioaineaii o aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie. Aenioa oe?ai?aeiiai ai?oae?th oa aoueia oie?eoe?a iiaeooue aooe ?iaeeeaoi?aie aeoeaiino? ueoiaeaeii? caeice o aia??ii?a 76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo. Ei?aeyoe?ei? aca?iica’ ycee i?ae iieacieeaie oe??e oa ueoiaeaeii? caeice Aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui aoueia oie?eoe?a oa aenioa oe?ai?aeiiai ai?oae?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice iathoue aeineoue aenie? ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee c ?icaeoeii nini/eiaiai oa n?o/anoiai oa??a oe??e, aoueiith aieinyieo oie?eoe?a o aia??ii?a iaio a?oi. Ii?yae c oeei, iai?yiie ca’yce?a ia? niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ui iaoiiaeth?oueny iaeiiiiiaioiei ( o aeine?aei?e), oa iinooiiaei ( o eiio?ieuei?e) ?icaeoeii aieinyieo oie?eoe?a. Io?eiai? aeaii? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui ueoiaeaeia caeica oa oe??yii-aieinyiee iie?ea ?icaeaathoueny c ??ciith oaeaee?noth (oaae. 3). A?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??e o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo Ia iiiaio ia?iaeaeaiiy o oe??? yaiyo iayai? an? no?oeoo?e, ye? oa?aeoa?i? aeey aei?inei? oaa?eie, aea aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ?? oeaiaaeo no?oeoo? ua ia cae?i/aii. Io?eiai? aeai? ocaiaeaeothoueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue I.I.Iaio?eiai? [161], A. Ae.Eaoee [87], I.?.??io?ia [63], A.N.Aanaaeaeaiiaa [1-4], A.I.Aia/aiea [32] oa ?i., ye? noaa?aeaeothoue, ui ia iiiaio ia?iaeaeaiiy yaiyo aeyaeythoueny ?acoeueoaoe aieeao oiia, a yeeo i?ioiaeea ?oi?e iiia?aaei?e ?icaeoie (oaae. 4). Oaaeeoey 4 E?euee?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?e oe??e iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo (Mm) ?A?oiaAi?aea?i?n,Oiaueia aea?ie, ieiOiaueia ieinini/ei-aee oa?n?o/anoee oa?nini/eia./ n?o/anoeeoe??e, iei1Eiio?i-eueia18,6 0,815185,4 8328,3 1,8223692,12Aeine?aeia14,90,1103941,79674,21,0720108,03??cieoey, ?< 0.001< 0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001 Aiae?c e?euee?nieo aeaieo i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui oe??a aeine?aeieo yaiyo a??ia?aeii oiioa (ia 359 iei, aai 15,2%), i?ae oe??a eiio?ieueieo yaiyo. Aiia a?ae??ciy?oueny ye ca oiaueiith ai?aea?i?no (ia 19,9%), oae ? ca oiaueiith aea?ie (ia 31,6%). Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa??a aea?iaeueii? /anoeie oe??e i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui aiie ci?iththoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae caaaeueii? oiaueie oe??e, oiaoi c ?? ciaioaiiyi a aeine?aei?e a?oi? a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy nini/eiaiai ? ca?eueoaiiy n?o/aoiai oa??a. Aeanoe/i? ? eieaaaiia? aieieia o nini/eiaiio oa?? iaeaea noi?iiaai? oa i???ioiaai? a ??cieo iai?yiao. N?o/anoee oa?, ca aeoieith aaaaoueio aaoi??a, iaea?eueo ?aaeoeaiee aei ae?? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, iaaaoeaii ei?aeth? c aonoioith aiaie. Aiae?c io?eiaiiiai iaoa??aeo iieaco?, ui o aeine?aei?e a?oi? n?o/anoee oa? ia 14% ia?aaeuo? aeaiee oa? eiio?ieueii?, oiaoi i?enei?aiee ?icaeoie niieo/ii-oeaieiieo no?oeoo? ia cao?eio? caeeaaeeo aieinyieo oie?eoe?a. I?e ii??aiyii? ?icaeoeo oa??a oe??e eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeii? a?oi a?aei?/a?oueny i?enei?aiee oaii aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy oe??e o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie. Aea/aiiy a?eiaeo ci?i no?oeoo?e oe??e ia o?eueee aeicaiey? aena?oeeoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oe??e ? aiaie o iinoaia??iiaeueiee ia??iae, a e anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie ?c aieiaieie ii?oieia?/ieie iieacieeaie oe??e ? aiaie o a?aeiia?aei? a?eia? ia??iaee (oaae. 5). C a?eii ci?ith?oueny a?aenioeiaa a?aeiioaiiy oa??a oe??e o aia??ii?a oa iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo. Nini/eiaee oa? oe??e caeia? iaeio o?aoeio, a n?o/anoee - aea? o?aoeie on??? oiaueie oe??e. Caaaeueia oiaueia oe??e o yaiyo eiio?ieueii? a?oi ca?eueoeeanue o 4,9 ?ace ia iiiaio ia?iaeaeaiiy, a o yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie - a 4,4 ?ace. Oaaeeoey 3 Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? i?ae no?oeoo?ieie aeaiaioaie oe??e ? ueoiaeaeii? caeice I i e a c i e e eA ? o i a UeoiaeaeiaOe??aeiio?ieueiaaeine?aeiacaeicartdrtdAi?aea?i?n+0,2221,2+0,14 50,77Nini/eiaee oa? +0,2191,9+0,5743,71 Aonoioa oie?eoe?aN?o/anoee oa? +0,6294,1-0,4152,40Oiaueia oe??e +0,7007,4+0,2161,17Aonoioa aieinyieo oie?eoe?a+0,5043,08-0,2191,19Ai?aea?i?n+0,0140,007-0,2711,50Nini/eiaee oa?-0,5413,40-0,7956,90N?o/anoee oa?-0,4172,43+0,5723,65 Aenioa oe?ai?aeiiai Oiaueia oe??e-0,5353,35-0,5093,11 ai?oae?thAonoioa aieinyieo oie?eoe?a-0,5823,78+0,2771,52Ai?aea?i?n+0,0660,35+0,7927,04Nini/eiaee oa? +0,4822,90+0,3441,94 Iaeee ae?aiao?N?o/anoee oa? +0,4752,85-0,4252,48 oie?eoe?aOiaueia oe??e+0,4422,61-0,1470,78 Aonoioa aieinyieo oie?eoe?a-0,3872,22-0,1961,11Oaaeeoey 5 A?eia? ci?ie oiaueie oe??e oa a?aeiioaiiy ?? oa??a o aia??ii?a oa iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo ?A?oiaA?e, Caaaeueia oiaueia oe??e, % a?ae oiaueie oe??eieiai?aea?i?nnini/ei-aee oa?n?o/anoee oa?1Eiio?ieueiaaia??iie iiaiia-?iaeaeai?478,81,3 236922,17,1 0,830,5 64,262,4 35,02Aeine?aeiaaia??iie iiaiia-?iaeaeai?456,80,8 20102,07,4 1,030,8 51,061,8 48,0 Cia/i? ci?ie a?aeaoaathoueny ? a oe??? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo. Oae, a?aeiioaiiy oiaueie nini/eiaiai oa?o aei caaaeueii? oiaueie oe??e aeua o yaiyo eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 20%, a n?o/anoiai oa?o, iaaiaee, ia 17% iaioa . C a?eii a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy ai?aea?i?no ye a aeine?aei?e, oae ? a eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao ca ?aooiie ceouaiiy i?iaia?eeo ee?oei ca?ienoiai oa?o ai?aea?i?no. Nini/eiaee oa? c a?eii ci?iea a?aeiioaiiy iaeaea a 2 ?ace. N?o/anoee oa? oe??e, iaaiaee, ciaioea a?aenioeiaa a?aeiioaiiy aei caaaeueii? oiaueie oe??e ye a eiio?ieuei?e, oae ? a aeine?aei?e a?oiao. A?i caeia? aea? o?aoeie, a n?o/anoee - iaeio o?aoeio an??? oiaueie oe??e o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iayai?noue u?eueiiai aca?iica’yceo o oi?iioai?/eo i?ioeanao oe??e, i?e /iio ?o iine?aeiai?noue oa iai?aaeai?noue i?io?ea? o iai?yieo aei iiaa?oi?. O niieo/ii-oeaiaa?e /anoei? oe??e iiia?aae onueiai oi?io?oueny oa? i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie, iio?i aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny no?oeoo?e n?o/anoiai oa?o, a cia/ii i?ci?oa - nini/eiaiai, yeee iia’ycaiee c ?icaeoeii aieinyieo oie?eoe?a. Ia??aiii??i?noue ?icaeoeo no?oeoo?e oe??e eiio?ieueieo ? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei iiynith?oueny aeia?aaeaeaiiyi i?ioean?a aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy iaae i?ioeanaie ?inoo o yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie.A?aei?iiino? ca caaaeueiith aoueiith aieinyieo oie?eoe?a ia iaeeieoeth ieiu? caneoaiao? ia iniaeeao oaaao (oaae. 6). Oaaeeoey 6 Oa?aeoa?enoeea oie?eoey?iiai oiiaeo oe??e iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo (Mm) ?A?oiaCaaaeueia aonoioa,A oiio /ene?, oo/ii2A?aeiioaiiyaoi?eiieooo / ii2?icaeiooeo aei noaae?? aieieiiia ?icaeiooeo oie?eoe?a aei ia?aeiieo, A : I1Eiio?i-eueia170,32,8 72,62.5 90,72.0 11,40,3 2Aeine?aeia326,92,2 43,30.8 280.31.7 17,10,23 P < 0.001 < 0.001< 0.001< 0.001 O aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia?icaeiooeo oie?eoe?a o o?e ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e, aea oie?eoe?a, ye? ?icaeioeeny aei noaae?? aieieii, iaaiaee, a?eueoa o 1,6 ?ace a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. Caaaeueia aoueia aieinyieo oie?eoe?a ia 48% a?eueoa o yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie. I?e a?eueo ?ioaineai?e caeeaaeoe? aieinyieo oie?eoe?a a aeine?aei?e a?oi? cao?eio?oueny ?icaeoie ?o aei noaae?? aieieia, a eii o?ieuei?e a?oi?, iaaiaee, i?e iaio?e aonoio? aieinyieo oie?eoe?a a?aei?/a?oueny a?eueo ?ioaineaiee ?o ?icaeoie aei aieieii. O ca’yceo ?c n?yiiaaiith ae??th ia ?icaeoie ueoiaeaeii? caeice aia??ii?a a?aeaoeeny a?aeiia?aei? ci?ie o caeicenoiio aia?ao? oe??e iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo (oaae. 7). Oaaeeoey 7 Ii?oiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea caeicenoiai aia?aoo oe??e iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo (Ii) IieacieeeA?oiaeiio?ieueiaaeine?aeiaIioiaa caeica:aeiaaeeia, iei697,011,0523,012,0oe?eia, iei83,04,492,00,7ieiua iiaa?oi?, ii2 0,2030,00,1700,0aeiaaeeia/oe?eia8,45,7Naeueia caeica:aeiaaeeia, iei277,08,9247,05,7oe?eia, iei86,01,479,00,8ieiua iiaa?oi?,ii20,0380,00,0310,0aeiaaeeia/oe?eia3,23,1 Iioia? caeice o yaiyo iaio a?oi ua ia cae?i/eee naiai ?icaeoeo, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ?o aoaeiaa oa aei??e aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie. Caeice yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie iionoeeeny ia aeeaeio nini/eiaiai oa?o, ui noaiiaeoue ia 5% a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. Aeiaaeeia iioiai? caeice yaiyo eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 174 iei, aai 25% a?eueoa, i?ae o yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie; oe?eia - ia 9 iei, aai 10% iaioa, oiaoi iioia? caeice yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie iathoue a?eueo eiiiaeoio oi?io. Aeiaaeeia naeueieo caeic yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 10% iaioa, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e, a oe?eia - ia 8% a?aeiia?aeii, oiaoi aiie iathoue iaioee ?ici?? o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueieie. E?euee?noue naeueieo caeic ciaoiaeeoueny o i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae aonoioe aiaie. Ioaea, iaio? ?ici??e naeueieo caeic eiiiainothoueny ?o a?eueoith e?euee?noth ia iaeeieoeth ieiu?. Oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? e aeeai? iane y?ie Aiaiiaee iie?ea - iio?aeia /anoeia oe??e, ui aea? i?aenoaao i/?eoaaoe o?niiai ca’yceo i?ae aoaeiaith oe??e ? aiaiiaith i?iaeoeoeai?noth o iaaoeue (oaaeeoey 8). Oaaeeoey 8 Oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? y?ie (Mm) ? A?oiaIano?ea iaieoi? aiaie, eaAeo?ae ieoi? aiaie, %Iano?ea ieoi? aiaie, eaOiaueia aiaie, iei1Eiio?ieueia4,200,145,90,91,930,121,10,42Aeine?aeia4,670,348,50,82,31 0,122,30,53??cieoey, P < 0,001 < 0,001 < 0,01 > 0,01

ss?ee aeine?aeii? a?oie ia?aaeuothoue nai?o iaeiie?oie ca aaee/eiith
aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?: ia 10% — ca iano?eaii iaieoi? aiaie oa ia 16%
— ca iano?eaii ieoi?. Aeo?ae ieoi? aiaie iaioee ia 5% o y?ie
eiio?ieueii? a?oie. O aeine?aei?e a?oi? 60% y?ie iathoue iano?ea, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? noaiaea?oo ii?iaee, i?e oeueiio 40% iathoue iano?ea ia
ieae/ee ca 2 ea. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? o 30% y?ie iano?ea aiaie aeinyaa?
1,8 ea, 20% y?ie iathoue iano?ea aiaie aei 2 ea ? 50% y?ie — aei 2,2 ea.

Aeiaaeeia aiaie — naeaeoe?eia iciaea, yea iiceoeaii ei?aeth? c iano?eaii
aiaie. O aeine?aei?e a?oi? aeiaaeeia ?? o 50% y?ie a?aeiia?aea?
noaiaea?oo ii?iaee, i?e oeueiio o 30% y?ie aiia ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao
a?ae 8,0 ni aei 8,5 ni, o 20% — a?eueoa 10,0 ni. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?
oaeiae 40% y?ie iathoue aeiaaeeio aiaie a?ae 9,0 ni aei 10,0 ni; 10% —
a?ae 7,0 ni aei 7,5 ni; 30% — a?ae 8,0 ni aei 8,5 ni; 20% — a?ae 9,5 ni
aei 10,0 ni. Aiaia y?ie aeine?aeii? a?oie a?eueo ae??aiyia ca oiaueiith
a ii??aiyii? c aiaiith y?ie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Oae, noaiaea?oo ii?iaee
a?aeiia?aea? aiaia 70% ? 50% y?ie a?aeiia?aeii ca a?oiaie.

O 80% y?ie ae?oai? a?oie aiaia aonoa (Ii), a o 20% — na?aaeiuei?
aonoioe. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aonoa aiaia aecia/a?oueny o 60% y?ie, a
na?aaeiy — o 40% aeine?aeieo oaa?ei.

AEe?ii?o o y?ie iaio a?oi ia?aaaaeii a?eiai oa na?oei-e?aiiaiai
eieuei?o.

ss?ee eiio?ieueii? a?oie iinooiathoueny nai?i iaeiie?oeai ca aeeaith
ianith, ye i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, oae ? ia iiiaio aii?ooaaiiy a iaeii??/iiio
a?oe? (oaae. 9).

Oaaeeoey 9

.Oa?aeoa?enoeea aeeai? iane y?ie ca a?eiaeie ia??iaeaie (Mm)

?A?oiaAEeaa iana i?e ia?iae-aeaii?, eaAEeaa iana i?e a?aeaea-oe?,
eaAEeaa iana i?e aii?-ooaaii?, eaAanietho-iee i?e-??no,
ea1Eiio?ieueia3,25 0,1114,30,541,91,327,61,52Aeine?aeia3,890,115,0
0,743,80,928,81,93??cieoey, ?< 0,001< 0,01< 0,01> 0,1

??cieoey ca aeeaith ianith i?ae a?oiaie i?ae /an ia?iaeaeaiiy neeaea:
0,64ea, aai 16%; i?ae /an a?aeaeaee — 0,70 ea, aai 5%; i?ae /an
aii?ooaaiiy — 1,9 ea, aai 9%. Aaniethoiee i?e??no a?ae /ano a?aeaeaee
aei aii?ooaaiiy o aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia 4% aeuee, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi?.

Aiaiiaa i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaaoeue i?e noeioeueiaaiiio

?icaeoeo ueoiaeaeii? caeice o 2-??/iiio a?oe?

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aieeao ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a ia i?aai?ci
oaa?ei i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeoieo uiaei ?o aca?iica’yceo (oaae. 10)

Oaaeeoey 10

Oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?

aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei (Mm)

?

A?oiaIano?ea iaieoi? aiaie, eaIano?ea ieoi? aiaie, ea% auoiaeo ieoi?
aiaieOiaueia aiaie,
iei1Eiio?ieueia3,790,171,891,151,51,119,80,32Aeine?aeia4,160,2
2,160,152,10,620,40,43??cieoey, ?<0,01<0,01<0,01>0,10

??cieoey ca iano?eaii iaieoi? aiaie i?ae aeine?aeiith ? eiio?ieueiith
a?oiaie neeaea 0,370 ea. Iano?ea ieoi? aiaie aoa oaeiae a?eueoee a
aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia 0,290 ea. A?aenioie aeoiaeo ieoi? aiaie aeinyaa? ca
a?oiaie a?aeiia?aeii 52,1 oa 51,5, oiaoi aoa i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaei.
AEe?ii?o ia?aaaaeii na?oeeo oii?a (a?eee ? na?oei-e?aiiaee). Aeyaeaii
ia?aaaao y?ie aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 0,6 iei ? ca oiaueiith aiaie.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue i?i
aeioe?euei?noue aea/aiiy aieeao ?icaeoeo ueoiaeaeii? caeice ia
oi?ioaaiiy oe??yii-aieinyiiai iie?eao oa iiaeaeueoi? aiaiiai?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iaaoeue (oaae. 11).

Oaaeeoey 11

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue

IieacieeeA?oiaeiio?ieueiaaeine?aeia1.Iano?ea ieoi? aiaie,
ea.1,930,12,311,02.?aae?caoe?eia oe?ia ca 1 ea ieoi? aiaie,
a?i4,04,03.Io?eiaii aeiaeaoeiai ieoi? aiaie, ea- 0,3804.Aa?o?noue
aeiaeaoeiai io?eiaii? ieoi? aiaie, a?i-1,525.Aa?o?noue eiaeenoiai
eae?th, a?i- 0,506.I?eaooie a?ae aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoo, a?i-1,02

Ca ?aooiie a?eueo aeniei? aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ( ia 16 % ) a?ae y?ie
c? noeioethth/ei ?icaeoeii ueoiaeaeii? caeice iiaeia io?eiaoe 1,02 a?i
i?eaooeo ia 1aieiao.

AENIIAEE

1. Nooi?iue aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice a aia??iiaeueiee
ia??iae ?icaeoeo a??ia?aeii aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy oe??yii-aieinyiiai
iie?eao oa iiaeaeueoo aiaiiao i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaaoeue aneai?enueei?
oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee.

2. O iaaoeue aneai?enueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee i?ioeane a?noi- ?
i?aaiiaaiaco ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?io?eathoue ?ai?oa, i?ae ?icaeoie oe??e
oa ?? iio?aeieo (aieieii, caeicenoiai aia?aoo). O aia??ii?a
76-78-aeaiiiai a?eo a oe??? aaea ?ic??ciythoueny ai?aea?i?n ? aea?ia,
iii?oia aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy inoaiiuei? ia nini/eiaee oa n?o/anoee oa?e,
iiaeia niinoa??aaoe oaeiae ca?iaeee ia?aeiieo aieinyieo oie?eoe?a, aea
a?aenooi? ua ca?iaeee aoi?eiieo aieinyieo oie?eoe?a ? caeic oe??e. O
oeae ia??iae aia??iaaiaco a ueoiaeaei?e caeic? aecia/athoueny
noaeeiii-no?iiaeueiee oa ia?aio?iaoiciee eiiiiiaioe, ia?aio?ia iaaoaa?
oa?aeoa?o oie?eoey?iiai oeio, yeee na?ae/eoue i?i ooieoe?thaaiiy caeice.

3. O aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie niinoa??aathoueny iacia/i? a?aei?iiino?
o no?oeoo?? oe??e oa ?? ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a a ii??aiyii? c?
no?oeoo?ith oe??e aia??ii?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie: ca oiaueiith oe??e ia
5%, nini/eiaiai oa?o ia 4%, n?o/anoiai oa?o ia 5%, ca aonoioith
aieinyieo oie?eoe?a ia 2%. Eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? iieaciee?a oe??e o
aeine?aei?e a?oi? (oiaueie ai?aea?i?no, nini/eiaiai oa n?o/anoiai oa??a
aea?ie, aonoioa aieinyieo oie?eoe?a) ieae/ee, i?ae o aia??ii?a
eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iineeaiiy oa neio?ii?caoe?th
iai?iieo i?ioean?a a?noiaaiaco oe??e aeine?aeieo aia??ii?a.

4. A ueoiaeaei?e caeic? aia??ii?a aeine?aeii? a?oie, ye ia?aio?ia, oae ?
noaeeiii-no?iiaeueiee eiiiiiaio a?eueoa aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?, i?ae o
aia??ii?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oi?ioaaiiy oie?eoe?a
iineoue iica?/iee oa?aeoa?: oie?eoee ??cii? aaee/eie, ia?aio?ia
a?eueoith /anoeiith caa??aa? ua o?aaaeoey?iee oa?aeoa?, no?iia
?icaeiooa neaaei, oiae? ye a aeine?aei?e a?oi? a?aei?/a?oueny iaeii/ania
oi?ioaaiiy oie?eoe?a ii an?e ia?aio?i?, aonoioa oie?eoe?a ia?aaeuo? ia
20%, ae?aaeaia ?? aaneoey??caoe?y ? oi?ioaaiiy a?eueo aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii?
niieo/ii? oeaieie.

5. Ia?aioa?aeueia aaaaeaiiy eiaeenoiai eae?th ia?ay?eai a ia?o? aeaa
i?nyoe? noyaiino? ni?eyoeeai aieeaa? ia i?ioeane a?noiaaiaco a
ueoiaeaei?e caeic? aia??ii?a oeyoii nei?i/aiiy ?icaeoeo
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaeeieoeue — oie?eoe?a, ui a naith /a?ao
i?eaiaeeoue aei a?eueo aeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a
oe??e ?, cie?aia, caeeaaeaiiy aieinyieo oie?eoe?a ? caeicenoiai aia?aoo
oe??e.

6. A?noieia?/ia aoaeiaa oe??e iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo eiio?ieueii? oa
aeine?aeii? a?oi ia? oa?aeoa? oe??e aei?inei? a?aoe?, aea
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ?? oeaiaaeo no?oeoo? ua ia caaa?oaii. A?aei?/a?oueny
aeoii/aiiy ai?aea?i?no ca ?aooiie i?iaia?iiy, caaeaae? oa ceouoaaiiy
iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a ai?aea?i?no, oa?e aea?ie ?icaeioo?. ??cieoey ca
oiaueiith oe??e ( 15%) — ia ia?aaaao oaa?ei ia?oi? a?oie. Eiao?oe??io
a?aeiioaiiy nini/eiaiai oa?o aei n?o/anoiai o yaiyo eiio?ieueii? a?oie —
1,82, aeine?aeii? — 1,07, ui na?ae/eoue i?i neaae?oo ?aaeoe?th i?aai?cio
ia?oeo aei aieeao ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

7. Aonoioa aieinyieo oie?eoe?a oe??e yaiyo aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 48%
(?<0,001) ia?aa?eueoo? ca oeei iieacieeii oaa?ei eiio?ieueii?, c yeeo ia?icaeiooeo aei noaae?? aieieii - ia 68%, a ?icaeiooeo iaioa ia 40%. Ii?oiiao?e/i? aeai? noiniaii ?icaeoeo caeicenoiai aia?aoo oe??e (aeiaaeeia iioiaeo caeic iaioa ia 25% ? oe?eia a?eueoa ia 10%; a aeiaaeeia naeueieo - iaioa ia 10% ? oe?eia - ia 8%; i?e oeueiio ieiua nae?aoi?ii? iiaa?oi? iioiai? caeice ia 16% iaioa, a naeueii? - ia 21%, aea ia iaeeieoeth ieiu? oe??e i?eoiaeeoueny a?eueoa caeic, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?) na?ae/aoue i?i a?eueo ae?aaeai?, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?, a?noiaaiaoe/i? i?ioeane. 8.A aeine?aei?e a?oi? iano?ea iaieoi? aiaie ia?aaeuo? aeaiee iieaciee eiio?ieueii? ia 10% (?<0,001), ieoi? aiaie - ia 16% (?<0,001). Noaiaea?oo ii?iaee a aeine?aei?e a?oi? ca oiaueiith a?aeiia?aea? aiaia 70%, a a eiio?ieuei?e - 50% y?ie. ss?ee ia?oi? a?oie a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ae?oai? ia eeoa ca aiaiiaith i?iaeoeoeai?noth, aea e ca aeeaith ianith: aiie iinooiathoueny nai?i iaeiie?oeai ca aeeaith ianith, ye i?e ia?iaeaeai? - ia 16% ( ?<0,001), oae ? a iiaeaeueoiio i?e a?aeaeaoe? - ia 15% ( ?<0,01), ia iiiaio aii?ooaaiiy - ia 9% ( ?<0,01). 9. Aiaiiaa i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaaoeue aeine?aeii? a?oie o a?oe? 2 ?ie?a aeua, i?ae o eiio?ieueieo: ca iano?eaii iaieoi? aiaie ia 9% (?<0,001), iano?eaii ieoi? - ia 13% (?<0,001), ui iaoiiaeth?oueny a?eueoith aonoioith aieinyieo oie?eoe?a i?e ia?iaeaeaii?. 10. Anoaiiaeai? ei?aeyoe?? aeathoue i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i neeaaeiee oa?aeoa? aca?iica’yceo i?ae aaiioeiii oa iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai, i?ae ?icaeoeii oe??yii-aieinyiiai iie?eao oa aiaiiaith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? ?icaeoeii ueoiaeaeii? caeice. I?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao. 1. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iaaoeue a ?aeiiao, aea ai?no eiaeo o aiae? oa a?oio? iaeee, aai cian?i a?aenooi?e, iaiao?aeia aeiaeaoeiaa aaaaeaiiy o ?aoe?ii eiaeenoiai eae?th (ii 2 a uiaeiy oi?iaeiaae aeaio i?nyoe?a noyaiino? iaoie, ia?aioa?aeueii). 2. Aeey ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee ? aeiai?o aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo iaaoeue aaea i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, a?aoiaoaaoe a?noieia?/i? iieacieee ?icaeoeo ?o ueoiaeaeii? caeice. 3. ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ciioaoi?eai-naeaeoe?iia?ai canoiniaoaaoe a nai?e ?iaio? oae? oa?aeoa?enoeee: ni?aa?aeiioaiiy nini/eiaiai oa n?o/anoiai oa??a, a oaeiae aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie iioiaeo ? naeueieo caeic ye iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeoeai?noue iai?iieo i?ioean?a a oe??? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo yaiyo. NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E II OAI? AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Eaaeeo ?.I. Aieea i?aia?aoo eaeiae ia a?noiaaiac ueoiaeaeieo oa aieinyieo oie?eoe?a o iaaoeue aneai?enueei? oiiei?oiii? ii?iaee //I?iaeaie aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ii ianeoaiaoaaiith oaa?eiieoeoaa eieaeoeaieo oa oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa.- Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a Oe?a?ie.- Oa?e?a: ?A?EAI, 1992. - N. 61. 2. Eaaeuo E.A. ?aaoeyoeey i?ioeannia caeeaaeee aieinyiuo oieeeeoeia //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ENA? .- Eoaainuee, 1997.- N. 17-20. 3. Eaaeuo E.A. Aeeyiea ia?aioa?aeueiiai aaaaeaiey eiaeenoiai eaeey a ia?aua ianyoeu noyaiinoe oiiei?oiiuo iaaoe ia caeeaaeeo aieinyiuo oieeeeoeia o yaiyo //A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee.- 1997.- ? 10 .- N. 76 - 77 4. Eaaeuo E.A. Aeeyiea eiaeenoiai eaeey ia aenoiaaiac ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu o yia?eiiia iaaoe aneaieeneie oiiei?oiiie ii?iaeu //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ENA?.- Eoaainuee.- 1998.- N. 60 - 63. 5. Eaaeuo E.A. Acaeiinaycue aenoieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia eiaee e ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu o yia?eiiia iaaoe aneaieeneie oiiei?oiiie ii?iaeu //A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee.- 1998.- ? 5.- N. 77 - 78. 6. Eaaeuo E.A. Aeeyiea ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu ia ?acaeoea aeaeacenoiai aiia?aoa eiaee iiai?iaeaeaiiuo yaiyo // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.-Eoaainuee, 1999.- ? 4 (11).- N.81-83. Eaaeeo ?.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oe??yii-aieinyiiai iie?eao oa aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iaaoeue a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?icaeoeo ueoiaeaeii? caeice.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01. - ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei.- ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aea/aii ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a oe??e oa ueoiaeaeii? caeice ca i?ioeanaie ?oiueiai a?noiaaiaco. Anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?ei? cay’cee i?ae e?euee?nieie iieacieeaie oe??yiiai iie?eao (oa?e oe??e, caeeaaeea oa oi?ioaaiiy aieinyieo oie?eoe?a ) ? ueoiaeaeiith caeicith (oi?ioaaiiy oie?eoe?a). Aeine?aeaeaii e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee aiaiiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iaaoeue a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?icaeoeo ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iioiaaiac, aieinyi? oie?eoee, oie?eoee ueoiaeaeii? caeice, aia??iie, iiaiia?iaeaeai? yaiyoa, eiaeenoee eae?e, a?noiaaiac, aiaia. Eaaeuo E.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea eiaeii-aieinyiiai iie?iaa e oa?noiie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe o iaaoe a caaeneiinoe io ?acaeoey ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01. - ?acaaaeaiea e naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo.- Einoeooo aeeaioiiaiaenoaaOAAI.- Oa?ueeia, 1999. Eco/aiu ii?oiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee no?oeoo?iuo yeaiaioia eiaee e ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu a i?ioeanna eo aenoiaaiaca o yia?eiiia e iiai?iaeaeaiiuo yaiyo aneaieeneie oiiei?oiiie ii?iaeu. Onoaiiaeaiu ei??aeyoeeiiiua nayce iaaeaeo eiee/anoaaiiuie iieacaoaeyie a i?ioeanna no?oeoo?iie ia?ano?ieee eiaeiiai iie?iaa (neie eiaee, caeeaaeea e oi?ie?iaaiea aieinyiuo oieeeeoeia) e ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu (oi?ie?iaaiea oieeeeoeia). Iainiiaaiu eiee/anoaaiiua e ea/anoaaiiua iieacaoaee oa?noiie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe o iaaoe a caaeneiinoe io ?acaeoey ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu. N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec ii?oiiao?e/aneeo iieacaoaeae eiaee yia?eiiia 76-78-aeiaaiiai aic?anoa iieacae, /oi ia aeaiiii yoaia yia?eiaaiaca nouanoaaiiuo ?acee/ee a aonoioa caeeaaeee aieinyiuo oieeeeoeeia , a oaeaea ?acaeoee neiaa eiaee ia iaia?oaeaii. Oae, eiaea yia?eiiia iiuoiie a?oiiu ia 5% oiiueoa eiaee yia?eiiia eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. Caiaoiu iacia/eoaeueiua ?acee/ey ii aonoioa aieinyiuo oieeeeoeia - 2% e ii oieueia aea?iu: nini/eiaue neie ia 4% e nao/aoue ia 5% a iiuoiie a?oiia onooiaao aeaiiui neiyi eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. Iaie iaia?oaeaiu ii?aaeaeaiiua no?oeoo?iua ioee/ey, eanathueany eae no?iiu oae e ia?aioeiu ueoiaeaeiuo aeaeac iiuoiie e eiio?ieueiie a?oii. No?iiaeueii-ninoaeenoue eiiieaen aieaa ?acaeo o yia?eiiia iiuoiie a?oiiu. Aonoioa oieeeeoeia iiuoiie a?oiiu ia 20% i?aauoaao oaeiaoth oa?aeoa?enoeeo yia?eiiia eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. I?e yoii a eiio?ieueiie a?oiia oi?ie?iaaiea oieeeeoeia iineo iicae/iue oa?aeoa?, a a iiuoiie a?oiia oieeeeoeu a iniiaiii o?aaiaiu ii ?acia?ai, i?e yoii neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ia?oaeiue aeeaiao? oieeeeoeia ia 20% iaiueoa /ai o yia?eiiia eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. *oi eanaaony auniou eeaoie oe?aieaeiiai yieoaeey, oi iia ia 2,350,2 iei iaiueoa o oieeeeoeia iiuoiie a?oiiu. Aianoa n oai, eiyooeoeeaio aa?eaoeee yoiai iieacaoaey a iiuoiie a?oiia aunie Cv=38,7%. Iaeioi?ia oaaee/aiea n?aaeiaai aeeaiao?a iieinoe oieeeeoea e aunieee eiyooeoeeaio aa?eaoeee auniou eeaoie yieoaeey noaiee oieeeeoea iicaieytho i?aaeiieiaeeoue i oii, /oi iiiaea oieeeeoeu ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu yia?eiiia iiuoiie a?oiiu iaoiaeyony ia ?acee/iuo noaaeeyo i?iaeoeoeee e iaeiieaiey oe?aiaeiaoeeia. Eae iieacuaatho eiee/anoaaiiua aeaiiua, eiaea iiai?iaeaeaiiuo yaiyo iiuoiie a?oiiu oiiueoa ia 15,2%, /ai eiaea eiio?ieueiuo yaiyo. Ioee/aaony eiaea eae ii oieueia yieaea?iena - ia 19,9% , oae e ii oieueia aea?iu - ia 31,6%, i?e yoii a iiuoiie a?oiia nao/aoue neie i?aauoaao aeaiiue neie eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu ia 14%, oi anoue ?acaeoea niaaeeieoaeueiioeaiiuo no?oeoo? ia caiaaeeyao ?acaeoea yieaea?iaeueiuo ia?aciaaiee. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue onei?aiiue oaii aeeooa?aioee?iaee eiaee o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo yaiyo iiuoiie a?oiiu. N aic?anoii iaiyaony i?ioeaioiia ioiioaiea neiaa eiaee o yia?eiiia e iiai?iaeaeaiiuo yaiyo. Iauay oieueia eiaee o yaiyo eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu oaaee/eeanue a 4,9 ?aca e iiiaioo ?iaeaeaiey, a a iiuoiie a?oiia - a 4,4 ?aca. Ioiioaiea oieueiu nini/eiaiai neiy e iauae oieueia eiaee auoa o yaiyo eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu ia 12%, a nao/aoiai neiy, iaiai?io, ia 13% iaiueoa. Aeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iiaeoaa?aeaeatho, /oi a ?acaeaathuaeny eiaea eiaao ianoi ia oieueei oaniay acaeiinaycue oi?iiia?aciaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannia, ii e ii?aaeaeaiiay eo iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue e iai?aaeaiiinoue - ?acaeoea e noaiiaeaiea no?oeoo? eiaee i?ioaeaao a iai?aaeaiee e iiaa?oiinoe. Ia?aaiiia?iinoue ?acaeoey no?oeoo?u eiaee eiio?ieueiuo e iiuoiuo yaiyo iauyniyaony iia?aaeaieai i?ioeannia aeeooa?aioee?iaee iaae i?ioeannaie ?inoa o yaiyo iiuoiie a?oiiu. A eiaea iiuoiuo yaiyo ia?acaeaoeony oieeeeoeia a 3 ?aca aieueoa , /ai o eiio?ieueiuo, i?e yoii ?acaeaoeony oieeeeoeia aei noaaeee aieieii aieueoa a 1,6 ?aca a ia?aie a?oiia. Iauay aonoioa aieinyiuo oieeeeoeia ia 48% auoa o yaiyo iiuoiie a?oiiu, ii i?e yoii iaeuecy ia ioiaoeoue ?acee/ey a eioaineaiinoe eo ?acaeoey aei noaaeee aieieii. I?e aieaa eioaineaiie caeeaaeea aieinyiuo oieeeeoeia a iiuoiie a?oiia caiaaeeyaony ?acaeoea eo aei noaaeee aieieii, a eiio?ieueiie aea a?oiia, iaiai?io, i?e iaiueoae aonoioa aieinyiuo oieeeeoeia ioia/aaony aieaa eioaineaiia eo ?acaeoea. ss?ee iiuoiie a?oiiu i?aainoiaeyo naieo naa?noieoe ii aaee/eia oa?noiie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe: ii iano?eao iaiuoie oa?noe ia 10% e ia 16% ii iano?eao iuoie oa?noe. I?ioeaio auoiaea iunoie oa?noe oaeaea iaiueoa ia 5% o y?ie eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. A iiuoiie a?oiia 60% y?ie eiatho iano?ea ioaa/athuee noaiaea?oo ii?iaeu, i?e yoii aeeeia oa?noe 50% y?ie niioaaonoaoao noaiaea?oo ii?iaeu,a 30% eaaeeo a i?aaeaeao io 8,0 aei 8,5 ni e 20% - aieaa 10,0 ni; 40% y?ie eiatho oa?noue 64 ea/anoaa, 30% - 60 ea/anoaa e 30% - 70 ea/anoaa. Oa?noue y?ie iiuoiie aoiiu aieaa o?aaiaia ii oiieia, a n?aaiaiea n oiieiie oa?noe yaiyo eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. A eiio?ieueiie a?oiia 50% y?ie eiatho iano?ea oa?noe, ioaa/athuee noaiaea?oo ii?iaeu; 40% y?ie eiatho aeeeio oa?noe io 9,0 aei 10,0 ni, ii i?e yoii 10% y?ie - io 7,0 aei 7,5 ni, 30% - io 8,0 aei 8,5 ni e 20% io 9,5 aei 10,0 ni; 50% y?ie eiaao oa?noue 70 ea/anoaa, 40% - 64 ea/anoaa e 10% y?ie eiatho oa?noue 60 ea/anoaa; o 60% y?ie ii?aaeaeyaony aonoay oa?noue e o 40% - n?aaeiyy ii aonoioa. Oa?noiua aieieia a iaieo a?oiiao eiatho ecaeoee aeaeaoaeueiie oi?iu, ynii au?aaeaiiua ii anae aeeeia ooaiaey. ?acieoea a oieueia oa?noiuo aieieii aiea e eyaeee, iaaeaeo a?oiiaie ia i?aauoaao iaeiiai ea/anoaa. AEe?iiio i?aeiouanoaaiii aaeiai e naaoei-e?aiiaiai oeaaoa. ss?ee eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu onooiatho naiei naa?noieoeai ii aeeaie ianna, eae i?e ?iaeaeaiee ia 16%, oae e a aeaeueiaeoai ia 5% i?e ioaeaea e ia 5% i?e aiieoe?iaea, i?aainoiaeyo naieo naa?noieoe ii ?inoo e ?acaeoeth, /oi e iaoneiaeei aieaa aunieoth eo oa?noioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue a ni/aoaiee n iiauoaiiie aonoioie oa?noe. ?acieoea a iano?eaa iaiuoie oa?noe iaaeaeo iiuoiie e eiio?ieueiie a?oiiaie 2-eaoieo iaaoe ninoaaeea 0,370 ea, a ii iano?eao /enoie oa?noe - 0,290 ea, i?ioeaio auoiaea iuoie oa?noe i?aeoe/anee iaeeiaeiaue ii a?oiiai.(52,1% e 51,5%). A nayce n oai, /oi ?aaoeyoeey iaiaiiuo i?ioeannia aioo?e i?aaiecia inouanoaeyaony i?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiii o/anoee e eiio?iea ni noi?iiu iae?i-yiaeie?eiiie nenoaiu, ianiiiaiii, /oi eaaeaeiio ia?eiaeo a iioiaaiaca oieeeeoeia ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu niioaaonoaotho niaoeeoe/aneea i?ioeannu iaiaia aauanoa, eae a i?aaiecia a oeaeii, oae e aioo?e eiaee. Yoei e iaueyniyaony onei?aiiay aeeooa?aioee?iaea e oi?ie?iaaiea eiaeii-aieinyiiai iie?iaa o yia?eiiia, iiai?iaeaeaiiuo yaiyo iiuoiie a?oiiu. I?eaaaeaiiua iaie enneaaeiaaiey ia ia?aie/eaathony eco/aieai eeoue aii?inia iniaaiiinoae oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey eiaeii-aieinyiiai iie?iaa o iaaoe, ii e ?ane?uaatho neiaeiue oa?aeoa? acaeiinayce iaaeaeo aaiioeiii e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iioiaaiac, aieinyiua oieeeeoeu, oieeeeoeu ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu, yia?eiiu, iiai?iaeaeaiiua yaiyoa, eiaeenoue eaeee, aenoiaaiac, oa?noue. Ladish I.A. The formation of skin-hair covering and wool productivity of sheep depending on the development of thyroid gland.- Manuscript.The dissertation for the scientific degree of candidate of agricaltural sciences on speciality 06.02.01- animal breeding and selection. The Institute of Animal Husbandry of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences , Kharkiv, 1999. The morphological indices of the structural elements of the skin and thyroid gland in the process of their histogenesis in embryos and new-born lambs of Askanian breed have been examined. The correlative links, taking place between qualitative indices in the process of the structural rebuilding of skin covering (coats of skin, laying and formation of hair follicles), and the thyroid gland (formmation of follicles) have been established. The qualitative and qualitive indices of wool productivity in sheep depending on the development of thyroid gland have been studied. Key words: ontogenesis, hair follicles, follicles of thyroid gland, embryo, new lambs, potassium iodide, histogenesis, wool. A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione Ooaa?a A.O. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 21.09.1999 ?. Ianya 1.0 ae.a. Oe?aae 100 aec. Caiiaeaiiy ?431 Iaae?oeiaaii a?aeae?eaii? iia?aoeaiiai ae?oeo ?O OAAI

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