1

?INOEOOO AA?A?II? AEIIII?EE

OE?A?INUeEI? AEAAeAI?? AA?A?IEO IAOE

?iaeaen OAeE 631.155.2:658.8:633.16

OII*OE Aaeaioeia Aanee?aia

OI?IOAAIIss ?AA?IIAEUeIIAI

?EIEO ss*IAITH

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.02. – aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai

ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Uo? Ieoaeei ?aaiiae/.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio

OAAI, aaia?aeueiee aee?aeoi? IAAO
«Aa?i?ieii» Eiaan Ieeiea A?eai?iae/;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?inueei-o?inueeiai ?inoeoooo iaiaaeaeiaioo ? a?ciano Ieoaeeia
Aiaoie?e Iao?iae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iiae?euenueea aa?a?ii-oaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y,

i. Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14-e aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.350.01 a ?inoeooo? aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI ca aae?anith: 252127, i.Ee?a-127, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie,
10, eiioa?aioe-cae, 3-e iiaa?o.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «22» n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Iae?e I.E.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ca?iiaa ainiiaea?noai — aaeocue, yea cia/iith
i??ith aecia/a? noai aeiiii?ee aa?a?iiai naeoi?a e?a?ie. Ia?ao?ae ?? ia
?eieia? canaaee a?aeaoaa?oueny iaaecae/aeii neeaaeii, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
iaae?iiyi ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??, o?oaeiiuaie a
caaithaaii? eiieo?aioieo iiceoe?e ia aioo??oiueiio oa ciai?oiueiio
?eieao i?iaeiaieuenoaa.

Iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ? y/i?iue. Oi?aa?naeuei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy aecia/a? eiai iniaeeao ?ieue o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ?
i?iieneiaiio ae?iaieoeoa?. ss/i?iue ? iniiaiith ca?iioo?aaeiith
eoeueoo?ith, caaaeyee ye?e ia?aaaaeii caaeiaieueiythoueny iio?aae
oaa?eiieoeoaa a eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?iao, cie?aia eiia?iiaaieo. Ca?ii
y/iaith neoaeeoue aieiaiith ne?iaeiith aeey ieaiaa?ii? oa e?oi’yii?
i?iieneiaino?.

Caaaeyee ni?eyoeeaei a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/iei oiiaai A?iie//eia ia? cia/i?
iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ia?iuoaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith ? iiaea
caaeiaieueieoe ia o?eueee nai? iio?aae a ne?iaei?, a e ca?eueoeoe ianyae
?? aenii?oo.

Eiaeiee aeae i?iaeoeoe?? (oiaa?o) coiiaeth? iaaiee oei ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?eieo, yeee yaey? niaith noeoii?noue iai?iieo iia?aoe?e, ui ?aaoeththoue
ainiiaea?nuee? ca’ycee ia iniia? eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? ? i?iaeoeo?a ?? ia?a?iaee.
Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui ia?ao?ae aei ?eieo a oiiaao ?aa?iio
iia’ycaiee c iaaieie o?oaeiiuaie: iaia? oe?e?niino? aeiiii?/iiai
i?inoi?o, iaaeinoaoiuei aeeaiei iaa?oioiaaia oai?aoe/ia aaca oi?ioaaiiy
a?o/eciyiiai aa?ii?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo, ia aenoa/a? i?aeoe/iiai
aeina?aeo i?aei?e?ieeaino?, neaai?icaeiooa ?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. Aea/aiith ??cieo aniaeo?a ?icaeoeo ?eieo
aa?ii?iieneiai? i?iaeoeoe??, noaiiaeaiith ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a nenoai?
AIE, oi?ioaaiith iiaeo ?eieiaeo ?inoeoooe?e, a oiio /ene? a??aeiai?
oi?a?ae?, i?enay/ai? /eneaii? ?ic?iaee a?o/eciyieo a/aieo oa iaoeiaoe?a
e?a?i NIAe. Aei iaea?eueo a?aeiieo iaeaaeaoue i?aoe? Aa?aiiai? A.,
Aiae??e/oea A., A?eionueei ss., A?euenueeiai A., Aieea A., Aoaooeueeiai
I., Aaeaeooeueeiai I., Aaeooei A., Aa?/eeiai? ?., A?ooea A., Aeai’yiaiea
I., ?aauaiea A., Eiaaeaiea TH., Eiaeainueei? I., E?eai?o/ea A.,
Ei?eoeeyia ?., Iae?ea I., Naaeoea I., *ooii A., Oie/aea I., Oieea/a I.,
TH?/eoeia A. Aea/aiith ? ocaaaeueiaiith ?icaeoeo ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua a
ca?iiaiio ainiiaea?noa? iaeaaeaoue ie?ai? ?iaioe Aieea A., Eiaana I.,
Neoieea A., Ooaeie?e E., Uo?a I., ssoianueeiai ?. oa ?i. I?ioa,
i?aeoe/ii iaia? ?ia?o, a yeeo a eiiieaen? oa aca?iiae?? aoei aena?oeaii
ieoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, caa??aaiiy, ia?a?iaee ? caooo y/iaith, iniaeeai a
oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo. Aeooaeuei?noue ?ica’ycaiiy
ieoaiue oai?aoe/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy coiiaeea aea?? oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoo, caaaeaiiy oa no?oeoo?o. Iiaeai? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoa??aee ? iiooeii a?aeiia?aeae ia ieoaiiy, ui
aeieeathoue o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa iia’ycaia
c iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith ia 1996-2000 ?iee “Iaoeia? iniiae
aa?a?ii? iie?oeee o?ainoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a ?eieia? oiiae”, caoaa?aeaeaii? I?aceae??th OAAI
28.12.1996 ?., i?ioieie ?19; c aeine?aeaeaiiyie a?aeae?eo i?iaeiaieue/eo
?ano?n?a ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee ca caaaeaiiyi: “?ic?iaeoe iaoeia?
iniiae ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oa oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?iaeiaieuenoaa”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaea ? iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yi?a
oi?ioaaiiy e ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy no/aniiai noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa
y/iaith, ?icaeoeo ?eieo niiaeeaa/?a oo?aaeiiai oa ieaiaa?iiai ca?ia a
?aa?ii? ? iaoith aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe
noaaeeeny oae? caaaeaiiy:

· aea/eoe ? ocaaaeueieoe oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? y/iaith ye oiaa?o, ocaaaeueieoe iniiai?
aeiiae ?eieo aei eiai yeino?;

· aea/eoe no/aniee noai ? aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith a oiiaao
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o aaeocyo AIE;

· ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe noai ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo niiaeeaa/?a oo?aaeiiai ?
ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe ae?th/o nenoaio ?aae?caoe?? y/iaith ii ia?eaoeiaiaeo
eaiaeao, o oiio /ene? /a?ac a??aeo;

· aeine?aeeoe ? ocaaaeueieoe i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
a ?aa?ii? oa iai?yie ?? oi?ioaaiiy;

· ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?eieo y/iaith.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaee/i? oa i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith, ia’?eoii – i?aei?e?inoaa AIE A?iieoeueei?
iaeano?. ?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith iineoaeeee noaoenoe/i? aeai? c ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, ieaiaac-aeeiaieueii? oa eiia?ei?iiai?
i?iieneiaino?; ??/i? ca?oe eieaeoeaieo oa aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa AIE
iaeano?; ??/i? ca?oe oa iia?aoeai? iaoa??aee aaeocaaeo
eiio?ieueii-?iniaeoe?eieo neoaea, iaeaniiai i?aaenoaaieoeoaa AeAE “Oe?a
Oe?a?ie”, iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea iaoa??aee a??aeiaeo
oi?a?a A?iieoeueei? oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeueii? a??ae?.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith
aeine?ae-aeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae i?ciaiiy oa nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae
aei aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai, ye? aeieeathoue o i?ioean?
ae?iaieoeoaa, caa??aaiiy, ia?a?iaee oa ?aae?caoe?? y/iaith, iaoeia?
i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, caeiiiaeaa/? oa ?io? ii?iaoeai?
aeieoiaioe c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo ?eieo ca?ia.

Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy aacoaaeany ia caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iieiaeaiiyo
aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ii?aoethaaii? niaoeeo?/ieo iaoiaee/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei aea/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie. Aiia aeeth/a? nenoaio
noaoenoeei-aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a o ii?aeiaii? c oai?aoe/ieie aniaeoaie
?icaeoeo ?eieo y/iaith. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae?
iaoiaee: aano?aeoii-eia?/iee, ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee, nenoaiiiai oa
oaeoi?iiai aiae?co, iiiia?ao?/iee, aiae?oe/ieo a?oioaaiue,
ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee, ?iaeaeniee, ii?iaoeaiee, aaeainiaee,
a?ao?/iee. Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? noai?thaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoa
i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai Statgraphics ia aac? IE oeio ?AI ?N. Ea?oia?ao?/i?
?ic?aooiee cae?enithaaeeny ?c canoinoaaiiyi aeneethceaiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy AO “Oiiac-?ioi?i”.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aei ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? iathoue oa?aeoa? iaoeiai? iiaecie,
iaeaaeaoue:

· aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio ?icaeoeo ?eieo y/iaith o ?aa?ii?;

· eiiieaenia aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai, ui aeieeathoue ia noaae?yo

ae?iaieoeoaa, caaio?aaeue, caa??aaiiy, ia?a?iaee oa oi?a?ae? ca?iii
y/iaith;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe?? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio
?eieo y/iaith;

· aena?oeaiiy i?iaeaie i?aai?caoe?? oa noaiiaeaiiy a??aeiai? oi?a?ae?

y/iaiai o ?aa?ii?.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy:

· i?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ? niiaeeaaiiy
y/iaith a ?aa?ii?;

· ia?niaeoeai? ia?aiao?e ae?iaieoeoaa ? niiaeeaaiiy y/iaith o ?aa?ii?;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo ia?eaoeiaiaeo eaiae?a oa oiaa?ii?
i?iiiceoe?? ca?ia y/iaith;

· iai?yie ?icaeoeo ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaieo caoiae?a aoaea ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith o ?aa?ii?, eiai caaio?ae? oa ia?a?iaee.
I?iiiceoe??, ui i?noyoueny o aeena?oaoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie caooo ca?ia y/iaith, ?icaeoeo ia?eaoeiaiaeo eaiae?a, ci?ie
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ieie a ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo. ?ic?iaeai? oa
ai?iaiaai? ia i?aeoeoe? ?yae iieaciee?a ? iiaeaeae aeni?an-aiae?co
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ioe?iee neooaoe?? ia ?eieo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeine?aeaeaii noai ? i?ioeane ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith oa i?iaeoeo?a eiai ia?a?iaee a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee i?e aca?iiae?? noa? ae?iaieoeoaa, caa??aaiiy,
ia?a?iaee ? caooo y/iaith; iaa?oioiaai? iai?yie oi?ioaaiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo, ia?niaeoeai? ia?aiao?e ae?iaieoeoaa ? niiaeeaaiiy
y/iaith a ?aa?ii?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? noaaeai? ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
75-??//th c aeiy canioaaiiy Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo (Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1995
?.); ia ?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Iaoea —
?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?” (A?iieoey, 1993 ?.), “Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
a Oe?a?i?: oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie iiaeieaiiy e?ece” (A?iieoey,
1994 ?.), “Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee a iae?eo oa aiae?c?
ae?yeueiino? n?euenueeoainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa” (Ee?a, 1995 ?.).
Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
?inoeoooo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeeaaeai? a 7 ?iaioao caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,9 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a, o
o./. 5 — o niaoe?aeueieo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 164
noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 45 oaaeeoeyie, 27
?enoieaie oa 40 aeiaeaoeaie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 148
iaeiaioaaiue.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?eieo y/iaith.

1.1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?eieo. 1.2. Oi?ioaaiiy
?io?ano?oeoo?e ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo. 1.3. Nooi?noue ia?eaoeiao ?
iaoiaeeea ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo.

?icae?e 2. No/aniee noai ?icaeoeo ?eieo y/iaith.

2.1. Oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy yeino? ca?ia y/iaith ? aeiiae ?eieo aei iueiai.
2.2. No/aniee noai ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith. 2.3. Oiaa?ia i?iiiceoe?y ca?ia.
2.4. ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie niiaeeaa/?a oo?aaeiiai oa ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith.

?icae?e 3. Iai?yie oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith.

3.1. Ia?niaeoeae ae?iaieoeoaa ? niiaeeaaiiy y/iaith. 3.2. Noaiiaeaiiy ?
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo a??aeiai? oi?a?ae? y/iaiai. 3.3. Nenoaia ia?eaoeiao
ia ?eieo y/iaith.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Aeiaeaoee

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith” — ?icaeyaea?oueny nooi?noue ?eieo, eiai
o?aeooaaiiy a?o/eciyieie oa ca?oa?aeieie aeiiii?noaie, ?ice?eaa?oueny
ci?no noa’?eo?a ? ia’?eo?a ?eieo, eiai neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a: oiaa?,
iiieo, i?iiiceoe?y, oe?ia, eiieo?aioe?y. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ca?ia a
?icaeiaieo e?a?iao. Aena?oeththoueny ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e oa ia?eaoeiao, aeeeaaeaia iaoiaeeea ia?eaoeiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie — ?eiie iaaiiai oiaa?o /e oiaa?ii? a?oie, noa?a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeiai iaiaaeo?oueny ia?aaaaeii ?aieaie iaeiiai ?aeiio
(iaeano?, e?ath, ?anioae?ee). O aeai?e ?iaio? ?aa?iiii aenooia?
A?iieoeueea iaeanoue.

Nooi?iue i???ioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a oiaa?iiai ca?ia y/iaith ia
caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo niiaeeaa/?a, ?ici?uaieo o ?aa?ii?, aecia/a?oueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeaico i?iaeoeoe?? c ?aa?iio,
niiaeeaaiiy ? aaico i?iaeoeoe?? a ?aa?ii. Caaaeyee nai?e a?ieia?/i?e
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? — y/i?iue iaeaaeeoue aei a?oie oiaa??a ae?iaie/iai
i?ecia/aiiy, ye? eoiothoueny aeey aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? ?ioeo
oiaa??a, ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? /e ia?ai?iaeaaeo ?ioei
niiaeeaa/ai. O eeaneo?eaoe?? oiaa??a ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy iaeaaeeoue
aei a?oie “ne?iaeia oa iaoa??aee”.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “No/aniee noai ?icaeoeo ?eieo y/iaith” —
aeine?aeaeaii oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy yeino? y/iaith ??ciiai ae?iaie/iai
i?ecia/aiiy, a oaeiae aeiiae ?eieo aei oo?aaeiiai oa ieaiaa?iiai ca?ia.

Aea/aiiy no/aniiai noaio ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith a ?aa?ii? iieaco?
oaiaeaioe?th aei eiai niaaeo. Oae, o 1997 ?. o ii??aiyii? c
na?aaeiuei??/ieie aeaieie ca 1981- 1985 ??. aaeiaee ca?? cieceany ia
23,5%, a /anoea y/iaith a no?oeoo?? ca?iioo?aaeieo eoeueoo? ciaioeeanue
ia 5,9% ? neeaea 46,1%. Oea — ?acoeueoao nei?i/aiiy iin?aieo ieiu ?
cia/iiai cieaeaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ye y?iai (ia 17,4%), oae ? iceiiai (ia
9,5%) y/iaith. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaii?a ?inoo iin?aieo ieiu, o?iaeaeiino?
oa aaeiaiai cai?o y/iaith iieacaii ia ?en. 1.

?en. 1. Aeeiai?ea oaii?a ?inoo aaeiaiai cai?o, o?iaeaeiino? ? iin?aii?
ieiu? y?iai y/iaith, a%.

picscalex100010009000003bd0c00000900050200000000050000000902000000000500
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040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010200050000000102ffffff0005000000
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030000001e00040000002d010200050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700
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000004010d0004000000020102000e000000240305003a003b0051023b005102fd003a00
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00002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010200040000002d010400040000002d010600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2701ffff030000001e00040000002d010100040000002d010400040000002d0108000500
00000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700000016045c017a020400040004000000
2d010500040000002d010700040000002d010300040000002701ffff030000001e000400
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090200000000070000001604020153023a003900040000002d010500040000002d010700
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05000000140284003a000400000004010d00040000000201010005000000130296005800
0500000013029e007500050000001302840093000500000013026e00b100050000001302
6e00cf000500000013028400ec0005000000130270000a010500000013024d0028010500
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9f010500000013025000bc010500000013023b00da010500000013024d00f80105000000
1302690016020500000013028a0033020500000013028a00510209000000fa0200000100
0000ff00ff002200040000002d01080004000000f001040005000000140284003a000500
00001302a800580005000000130284007500050000001302a20093000500000013027200
b1000500000013029a00cf00050000001302ae00ec00050000001302a8000a0105000000
1302ae002801050000001302b5004601050000001302b1006301050000001302c3008101
050000001302c0009f01050000001302b700bc01050000001302ba00da01050000001302
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0000fa02000001000000ffff00002200040000002d01040004000000f001080005000000
140284003a00050000001302b40058000500000013029e007500050000001302a8009300
0500000013026500b1000500000013029000cf00050000001302b100ec00050000001302
96000a0105000000130286002801050000001302b4004601050000001302900063010500
00001302a8008101050000001302c6009f01050000001302ab00bc010500000013029e00
da010500000013027200f801050000001302b1001602050000001302b100330205000000
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ffff030000001e00040000002d010100040000002d010600040000002d01040005000000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0c000000320a33001b000300000031363000070007000700040000002d01050004000000
2d010700040000002d010300040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d0101000400
00002d010600040000002d010400050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700
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040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010100040000002d010600040000002d01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2d010700040000002d010300040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d0101000400
00002d010600040000002d010400050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700
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040000002d010300040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010200040000002d01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5301a5013c017200040000002d010500040000002d010700040000002d01030004000000
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fc0008000700070009000700070007000300070005000700040000002e01000004000000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?aeaeaiiyi aeeiai?/iiai
?yaeo o?iaeaeiino? y?iai y/iaith ca 1979-1997 ??. anoaiiaeaii
caeaaei?noue eiai no?eeino? a?ae neeaaeiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaeoi??a
i?e?iaeiiai eiiieaeno oa ??aiy ?ioaineo?eaoe?? caiea?ianoaa, ye?
aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? aeiaaeeiai? aa??aoe?? oa iniiaio oaiaeaioe?th.
Ae??aithaaiiy ?yaeo aeeiai?ee o?iaeaeiino? y?iai ? iceiiai y/iaith,
aeeiiaia ia AII c aeei?enoaiiyi ainueie ooieoe?e, iieacaei, ui
i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy caeeoeiai? aeenia?n?? (2 = 25,35) aeinyaa?oueny i?e
ae??aithaaii? ii i?yi?e. Ioaea, ui??/i? aeiaaeeia? eieeaaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? y?iai y/iaith, ye? iia’ycai? c ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie,
noaiiaeyoue a na?aaeiueiio 5 oe/aa aai 18,4%. Aeaui ieae/a aa??aoe?y ?
a?eueo aeniea no?ee?noue o /an? ??ai?a o?iaeaeiino? iceiiai y/iaith:
ui??/i? aeiaaeeia? eieeaaiiy neeaaeathoue 4,2 oe/aa, a eiao?oe??io
caeeoeiai? aa??aoe?? — 13,8%. ?ic?aoiaaiee ?iaeaen ei?aeyoe?? oa
eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe?? na?ae/aoue, ui o ui??/iiio eieeaaii?
o?iaeaeiino? y?iai y/iaith ?ieue aeiaaeeiaeo oaeoi??a neeaaea? 39%,
aieea oaeoi??a, caeaaeieo a?ae ethaeeie, — 61% (?iaeaen ei?aeyoe??
0,628), ii iceiiio — 44 oa 56% (?iaeaen ei?aeyoe?? 0,662). Ia? i?noea
aeniea aa??aoe?y iin?aieo ieiu y?iai (26%) ? iceiiai (74%) y/iaith.
Ui??/ia ?o nei?i/aiiy o na?aaeiueiio a?aeiia?aeii neeaaea? 5,3 ? 0,4
oen. aa.

Iniiaieie ae?iaieeaie y/iaith ? eieaeoeai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
i?aei?e?inoaa, ia aeieth yeeo o 1997 ?. i?eiaaeaei 89,4% aaeiaiai cai?o,
ia aea?aeainie oa ?io? aea?aeaai? i?aei?e?inoaa — 6,1%, i?aeniai? oa
oa?ia?nuee? ainiiaea?noaa — aeecueei 5%. O 1995-1997 ??.
niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith
a ?aa?ii? (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith a eieaeoeaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao A?iieoeueei? iaeano?

Iieacieee1995 ?.1996 ?.1997 ?.O?iaeaei?noue, oe/aa28,821,323,8Ieoiia
aaaa y/iaith a caaaeueiiio ianyc? i?iaeaaeo ca?iiaeo
aea?aeaa?,%9,615,112,1Ae?iaie/a nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe y?eo ca?iiaeo,
a?i.6,4011,5613,97Ae?iaie/? aeo?aoe ia 1 aa y?eo ca?iiaeo,
a?i.155,2205,9272,6Cao?aoe i?aoe? ia 1 oe y?eo ca?iiaeo,
ethae.-aiae.1,271,461,52?aioaaaeuei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith,
%41,642,737,0??aaiue oiaa?iino? y/iaith, %20,538,437,6Iiaia
nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe y/iaith, a?i.6,8713,0916,07I?eaooie ia 1 oe
i?iaeoeoe??, a?i.ca?iiaeo2,86,34,3y/iaith2,95,66,3Iana i?eaooeo ia 1 aa
y/iaith, a?i.3,812,828,44a o./. c o?aooaaiiyi ??aiy
oiaa?iino?18,633,3922,45

Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui cia/ia /anoeia ca?ia caeeoa?oueny ia
aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nuee? iio?aae, aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith aeioe?eueii nei?enoaoeny ?ic?aooieii iane i?eaooeo
ia 1 aa iin?ao eoeueoo?e c o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie ??aiy oiaa?iino?.
Aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith ca oeei iieacieeii cia/ii aeua. Oea
iiynith?oueny oei, ui iaeei ? oie aea ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? iiaea aooe
aeinyaiooee i?e ??ci?e ian? i?eaooeo ia 1 aa iin?ao.

Aiae?c ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith ca i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieie i?aeciiaie ?aa?iio
iieacaa, ui iniiaia ae?iaieoeoai y?iai neiioeaio?iaaii a i?ai?/i?e
(44,2%) oa oeaio?aeuei?e (33,6%) i?aeciiao. Aeecueei 64% caaaeueiiai
ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa iceiiai y/iaith i?eiaaea? ia i?aaeaiio i?aeciio.
Niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy /anoee iin?aieo ieiu y?iai y/iaith a
iaea?eueo i?eaeaoieo aeey eiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?aeciiao. ?ic?aoiaaiee
eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? (r=0,34) na?ae/eoue, ui 12% ci?i o?iaeaeiino? a
ainiiaea?noaao noni?eueiiai naeoi?o iaoiiaeaii aieeaii aeaiiai oaeoi?o.
Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui a iaeano? 89,9% caaaeueii? ieiu? y?iai
y/iaith caeiyoi ?aeiiiaaieie ni?oaie, iceiiai — 82,4%. I?ioa, ye
iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a cia/i?e /anoei? ?aeii?a /anoea iin?a?a
?aeiiiaaieie ni?oaie neeaaea? aeecueei 50%.

O ?iaio? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui iaa?oue o ia??iae, eiee aea?aeaaia
caiiaeaiiy aoei iniiaith aeey oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai??a eiio?aeoaoe?? ii
ca?io ? ianyae eiai caaio?aaeue a oe?eiio c?inoaee (iacaaaeath/e ia
eieeaaiiy ii ?ieao), ii y/iaith niinoa??aaeany cai?ioia oaiaeaioe?y.
Aiie ciaioeeeny c 257,2 oen. o (a na?aae-iueiio ca 1976-1980 ??.) aei
196,3 oen. o (1986-1990 ??.), a eiai ieoiia aaaa o caaio?aeyo ca?iiaeo —
c 26,1 aei 17,2%. O ?iee caaaeueii? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece (1991-1997 ??.)
niinoa??aaany ??ceee niaae ianya?a caaio?aaeue an?o ca?iiaeo, o oiio
/ene? y/iaith, iniaeeai o 1997 ?. (11,8 oen. o). Cieceany ??aaiue
aeeiiaiiy aeiaiai??a eiio?aeoaoe??, ui a?aeia?aaea? caaaeueio
ianoaa?euei?noue aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??, ia?o ca ana o aca?iia?aeiineiao
i?ae oiaa?iae?iaieeaie ? caaio?aaeueieie i?aai?caoe?yie. Iio?aae ?aa?iio
o 1995-1997 ??. oi?ioaaeeny /a?ac ?aa?iiaeueiee eiio?aeo, yeee o 1997 ?.
aoa aeeiiaiee eeoa ia o?aoeio.

Naaiaioaoe?y ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo ca oiaa?i?noth y/iaith iieacaea, ui
iniiaia e?euee?noue ?aeii?a iaea ??aaiue oeueiai iieacieea a?ae 18,0 aei
26,9%. O 1997 ?. a na?aaeiueiio a iaeano? a?i c??n aei 40,6%. Oey
oaiaeaioe?y niinoa??aa?oueny ia an?o aeae?eaieo naaiaioao ?eieo a
ii??aiyii? c 1995 ?. Aei ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai naaiaio?a ?eieo, aea ??aaiue
oiaa?iino? ia ia?aaeuoaaa 40%, iaeaaeaee ainiiaea?noaa 15 ?aeii?a, aei
/aoaa?oiai ? i’yoiai naaiaio?a c iaeaeuei ??aiai oiaa?iino? (49-67%), —
/ioe?ueio ?aeii?a. Ei?aeyoe?ei?e aiae?c aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe oaeoi?e,
ye? ia 63,5% aieeioee ia eiai ci?io (r=0,798).

Ci?ie a ainiiaea?nueeiio iaoai?ci?, ianoa/a iai?ioieo eioo?a iaoiiaeee
nooo?a? ci?ie a no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii? i?iiiceoe?? y/iaith. Oae, o 1997 ?.
i?iaeaae o ?aooiie aea?aeaaieo caeoi?aaeue ia ia?aaeuoaaa 11%;
iaeii/anii c?inea ieoiia aaaa ?aae?caoe?? i?aoe?aieeai o ?aooiie iieaoe
oa /a?ac nenoaio a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy c 6,4 (1993 ?.) aei 30,8%
(1997 ?.), ca aa?oa?ieie oaiaeaie c 0,1 aei 34,9%, ia ?eieo c 9,0 aei
23,7%. Ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? i?aoe?aieeai ainiiaea?noa
noaei nai???aeiith eiiiainaoe??th ca iecueeee ??aaiue iieaoe i?aoe?.
Iecueeee ieaoini?iiiaeiee noai i?aei?e?inoa, iaaeinoaoi?e aeina?ae
i?aei?e?ieeaino? oiaa?iae?iaiee?a o iiaeo oiiaao, a oaeiae iaaeinoaoiy
?ioi?iaoe?y i?i eii’thieoo?o aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai ?eie?a ca?ia
i?ecaaei aei c?inoaiiy ?aae?caoe?? ca aa?oa?ieie oaiaeaie, oi/a a
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao oea iaaea?aeii aeey ainiiaea?noa.

O 1995-1997??. iacia/io e?euee?noue y/iaith (1,2 — 0,2 oen. o) aoei
i?iaeaii ca?oa?aeiei e?a?iai ca i?yieie ca’yceaie, a oaeiae /a?ac
A?iieoeueeo oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeueio a??aeo (2,7 – 0,4 oen.o).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o ?aa?ii? a iniiaiiio aeinyaiooa a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae
ianyaaie ca?iiai? i?iaeoeoe??, yea iaaeoiaeeoue ia caa??aaiiy, ?
caaaeueieie ?ieinoyie ca?iinoiaeu. Aeecueei o?aoeie ca?iiai? i?iaeoeoe??
caa??aa?oueny a aeaaaoi?ao, iiooaei?noth aei 500 oen. o. I?ioa, ?c
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iayaieo ca?iinoiaeu, ye? ia?aaoaathoue a
aenieoaoaoe??, aeecueei 40% ia a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai eiiieaenii?
iaoai?caoe?? ?ia?o c ca?iii, iio?aaothoue eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo. A
inoaii? ?iee niinoa??aa?oueny iecueeee ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae a aeaaaoi?i?e oa ca?iiia?a?iai?e i?iieneiaino?. I?e/eiaie
oeueiai ? cieaeaiiy ia 67% iaaeoiaeaeaiue ca?ia a?ae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa aeniea ieaoa ca eiai
a?aeiia?aeaeueia caa??aaiiy.

Ae?iaie/ee iioaioe?ae i?aeainiiaea?nueei? eiia?ei?iiai? i?iieneiaino?
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia 19%. O 1997 ?. ii??aiyii c 1993 ?. ??aaiue
oiiaeia?aeaea/? cieceany ia 59%. Ia ae?? eieeoiy nenoaia caaacia/aiiy
caaiae?a ne?iaeiith. O 1997 ?. caaacia/ai?noue ca?iioo?aaeai neeaea 52%
??aiy 1993 ?. *a?ac eiai iaaeinoaoith e?euee?noue caaaeueiee i?ino?e
iiooaeiinoae i?aeainiiaea?nueeeo eiia?ei?iiaeo caaiae?a o 1996 ?.
noaiiaea 23 oen. aiaeei. Anueiai 4% caaaeueiiai ianyao eiia?ei?i?a
neeaaeathoue a?aioeueiaai?. Ia aea?aeaaieo eiia?ei?iiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao
iayaia iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia aaca oaeiae ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei
aeiiaai. Ae?iaie/? iiooaeiino? c ae?iaieoeoaa a?aioeueiaaieo eiia?ei?i?a
aeei?enoiaothoueny ia 40,4%, ?icneiieo — ia 27,2%. Aaaaeaiiy ca?ia a
ne?iaeio cieceeiny aei 55%, o ?? no?oeoo?? /anoea y/iaith noaiiaeoue
54%. A ainiiaea?noaao caeeoa?oueny aeecueei 60% aaeiaiai cai?o y/iaith.
Aeaioiaeaia c iueiai aea?oue aea? iecueeo a?aeaea/o ia a?aeaiae?ae?
oaa?ei.

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?iiaaenueeiai oaa?eiieoeoaa ia
iniia? iie?ioaiiy caaacia/aiiy eiai eiioeaio?iaaieie ei?iaie,
aaaaea?oueny ca aeioe?eueia ye noeioethth/ee oaeoi? ai?iaaaeeoe
cono??/iee i?iaeaae eiia?ei?i?a ae?iaieeai oo?aaeiiai ca?ia o ?ici???
25-40% a?ae eiai e?eueeino?, i?iaeaii? i?aei?e?inoaai eiia?ei?iiai?
i?iieneiaino?. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui ?ie?noue ?eieo
oo?aaeiiai y/iaith aeey noai?aiiy iaeaaeii? ei?iiai? aace no/aniiai
oaa?eiieoeoaa ia? aooe aeecueei 500 oen. o, ui cia/ii ia?aaeuo? oaeoe/i?
ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?iaeaia aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy y/iaith oa aeeaeie eiai ia?a?iaee ?
aeooaeueiith ? aeey i?aei?e?inoa ieaiaa?ii? i?iieneiaino?. ?eiie ieaa a
?aa?ii? iaiane/aiee. Niiaeeaaiiy a?o/eciyii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia aeooo
ianaeaiiy cieceeiny aei 10-12 e o ??e, a o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? — ua
a?eueoa. Iioaioe?eia ?ie?noue ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo ioe?ith?oueny iaie a
ianyc? aei 4 iei. aeae. Aeey ae?iaieoeoaa oaei? e?eueeino? ieaa
iaiao?aeii ye i?i?ioi 11 oen. o aenieiye?niiai y/iaith. I?aei?e?inoaa
ieaiaa?ii? i?iieneiaino?, caeeoeaoenue aac aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee,
cieceee ae?iaieoeoai ieaa, ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae
(oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Ae?iaieoeoai ieaa ia i?aei?e?inoaao ieaiaacaeeiaieueii? i?iieneiaino?
A?iie//eie oa aea?aeaai? caeoi?ae? ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith

?ieeAeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae i?aei?e?inoa, %Ae?iaieoeoai
ieaa, oen. aeae.Ii?iaoeaia iio?aaa y/iaith, oen. oAea?aeaai? caeoiee
ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith, oen.
o198574,634119,55146,5198651,123386,55140,1198762,228467,9569,8198869,53
1798,9058,8198976,835149,85149,3199074,634129,55178,8199163,429028,1531,
6199238,317504,95199,1199325,111483,20215,6199423,110553,03131,1199511,3
5181,4525,819963,51600,4831,119976,63030,917,6

Ciioai?noue iniiaieo oiiae?a noaiiaeoue iiiaae 50%, nooiaiue ?o
iiiaeaiiy — aeecueei 7%. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, ca 1995-1997 ??.
i?aei?e?inoaa ieaiaacaeeiaieueii? aaeoc? iaeaea ia 60% iiiaeee
ani?oeiaio ieaa ? ae?iaeythoue aeecueei 20 ni?o?a. Iio??aii
i?aee?aneeoe, ui caeoi?ae? ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith ca aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae
cia/ii a?eueo? ae?iaie/eo iio?aa ieaiaa??a. Iiynith?oueny oea oei, ui
40-60% ?o ianya?a aeaiceeiny a ?io? ?aa?iie. Ia? i?noea iaaeineiiae?noue
oaoiieia?e ia?a?iaee oa iecueea ye?noue ne?iaeie (ca aeaieie ieaiaa?ieo
caaiae?a aeno?aeoeai?noue neeaaeaea 74-75%), ui i?eaiaeeei aei
ia?aaeo?ao y/iaith ia ae?iaieoeoai nieiaeo. Iaei??th c i?e/ei iecueei?
yeino? aoei ii?ooaiiy ii?i neeaaeoaaiiy ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith, yeee /anoi
ci?ooaaany c oo?aaeiei. Iiiia?ao?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui
a?eueo?noue ieaiaa?ieo i?aei?e?inoa ia iathoue aeinoaoi?o eioo?a aeey
caaio?ae? iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith ? a e?oi?e ia??iae
i?inoiththoue. C ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieo iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i oeeaaeaiiy
aca?iiaea?aeieo eiio?aeo?a oa aeiaiai??a ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa c
oiaa?iae?iaieeaie ne?iaeie ia ??aieo ia?oia?nueeeo oiiaao, ui
?aaeaiaioothoue ni?eueiee ?ioa?an ? iaeiaeiao a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
e?ioeaa? ?acoeueoaoe.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Iai?yie oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?eieo y/iaith” — ia iniia? aeyaeaieo oaiaeaioe?e ci?i o?iaeaeiino? y?iai
? iceiiai y/iaith, eiioeaio?aoe?? iin?a?a eoeueoo?e, a?aooaaiiy
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo oaa?eiieoeoaa oa ieaiaa?ii? aaeoc?, anoaiiaeaii
ianyae iioaioe?eii? i?iiiceoe?? ca?ia y/iaith oa ia?niaeoeae eiai
aeei?enoaiiy. I?iaiic ae?iaieoeoaa aeeiiaii o aeaio aa??aioao.
?ic?aoiaaii iiaeeeaino? ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?caoe?? ca?ia ca iaae? ?aa?iio,
o oiio /ene? ia aenii?o. Ca iaoeie ?ic?aooieaie, aei 2005 ?. iin?ai?
ieiu? y?iai y/iaith aeioe?eueii aeiaanoe aei 254,9 oen. aa, iceiiai —
aei 27 oen. aa. Iniiaia ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaiico?oueny ca
?aooiie oaeoi??a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? e i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino?, yea ia?
aeinyaoe 34,5 oe/aa ii y?iio ? 42,7 oe/aa ii iceiiio y/iaith.

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith a ia?niaeoea?, yea
aeeiiaia ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?/ii? ea?oe c a?aooaaiiyi
caieaiiaaii? a?iaeaeiino?, iieaco?, ui i?e na?aaeiueia??aeia?e oe?i?
22,5 a?i. ca 1 oe ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith i?eaooie a?ae eiai ?aae?caoe??
iiaea neeanoe 9,54 a?i. Oea caaacia/eoue aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue
?aioaaaeueiino? eiai ae?iaieoeoaa (73,6%). I?iaaaeaia a?iaia?aaoe/ia
ioe?iea aa?ioaoi?/ieo i?eeii?a i?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco? ?? ye aoaeoeaio, aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/o oae ye
eiao?oe??io a?iaia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?eueoa iaeeieoe? (E = 1,27).

Aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii aa?ioaoi?ee ? aeei?enoaiiy aenieiye?niiai ian?iiy.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iio?aaa o ye?niiio ian?ii?
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ni?o?a y?iai y/iaith a ainiiaea?noaao iaeano?
caeeoa?oueny iacaaeiaieaiith. O oie aea /an, A?iieoeueea AeNAAeN
i?iiiio? iia? aenieia?iaeaei? ni?oe c aeia?eie ieaiaa?ieie
aeanoeainoyie, caianai? aei aea?aeaaiiai ?a?no?o, a naia: Iiaeieyi ?
Eaooai (iaeneiaeueia o?iaeaei?noue 73,0-73,7 oe/aa), Oa?ai (88 oe/aa); a
oaeiae o?, ui ia?aaeai? a aea?aeaaia ni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy — Aeoiaaee (83,5
oe/aa), Iaae?eiee (76,8 oe/aa) ? Ceaaiaea (92,4 oe/aa). Aeey
ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ian?iiy ?icii/aoa ?iaioa ii
noai?aiith iiai? no?oeoo?e ian?iieoeoaa c ae?iuoaaiiy y?iai y/iaith ia
aac? A?iieoeueei? AeNAAeN.

Ianyae ?aae?caoe?? ian?iiy y?iai y/iaith ii A?iieoeuee?e AeNAAeN o 1997
?. c?inee o 5 ?ac?a ii??aiyii c 1995 ?. ? o 2 ?ace — ii??aiyii c 1996 ?.
Ca ia??iae 1995-1997 ??. aoei ?aae?ciaaii 323,2 o ae?oiiai ian?iiy, a
oiio /ene? o 1997 ?. 201,2 o. ?ic?aoiaaiee iaie eiao?oe??io oe?iiai?
aeanoe/iino? iiieoo ia oaea ian?iiy y/iaith a?eueoa iaeeieoe? (A?=1,51).
Oiaoi iiieo ia aenieii?iaeoeoeaia ian?iiy c aieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ?
a?aeiinii aeanoe/iei ? c?inoa? a a?eueo?e i???, i?ae oe?ia ia ae?oia
ian?iiy, iacaaaeath/e iaa?oue ia iecueeo ieaoini?iiiaei?noue
ainiiaea?noa. Uiaei i?iiiceoe?? ae?oiiai ian?iiy ca ia??iae 1995-1997
??. oeae eiao?oe??io aei??aith? iaeaea iaeeieoe? ( As=0,99). O aeaiiio
aeiaaeeo c?inoaiiy oe?ie ia ian?iiy i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?iii?oe?eii
??aiioe?iii? ci?ie ianyao i?iiiceoe??.

Iniiaieie oiiaaie aoaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo ?eieo ian?iieoeoaa ia aeaiiio
aoai? aaaaea?ii:

· ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa ianya?a ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?iiai ian?iiy;

· a?aooaaiiy ??cieoe? i?ae iaoa??aeueieie oa a?ioiaeie aea?aaeaioaie;

· oi?ioaaiiy aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o oe?i ia ian?iiy a?aeiia?aeii aei
a??aeiaeo.

Iaaeinoaoi?i caeeoa?oueny ??aaiue oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa ? cae?aiiy ca?iiaeo. Ia?e ca?iicae?aeueieo eiiaaei?a noa???
? ciaioo?oueny. O 1997 ?. a iaeano? iae?/oaaeiny aeecueei 5,6 oeny/
ca?iicae?aeueieo eiiaaei?a i?e oaoiieia?/i?e iio?aa? 6,1 oeny/. A
aeanyoee ?ac?a nei?ioeeiny i?eaeaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee.
Iaa?oue aaeee? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa ia ni?iiiaei?
nueiaiaei? eoieoe oaoi?eo ca?oa?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, yea
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth. Oiio a ?aa?ii? ?icii/aoa
?iaioa c i?aai?caoe?? ia aeoe?iia?i?e iniia? ioieo?a i?ieaoo,
cae?aeueii-o?ainii?oieo caaii?a oa iaoeiii-oaoiieia?/ieo noaioe?e.
Aiae?c ?iaioe ca?iicae?aeueieo eiiaaei?a o??ie “Aeaeii-Ae??” o 1997 ?.
ia cae?aii? y?eo ca?iiaeo o 36 ainiiaea?noaao iaeano? iieacaa, ui
ae?ia?oie ia iaeei eiiaaei aoa 391 aa, aeaiiee — 17,6 aa. A?aeiia?aei?
na?aaeiueiiaeani? iieacieee noaiiaeee 130,0 ? 4,8 aa.

Ca ni?eyoeeaeo ee?iaoe/ieo oiia oa iie?ioaiiy ?ano?niiai caaacia/aiiy o
2000 ?. i?iiiceoe?y ca?ia y/iaith iiaea neeanoe 966 oen. o (oaae. 3).

Oea caaacia/eoue aenieee aioo??oi?e iiieo ia ca?ii y/iaith, cia/ii
ca?eueoeoueny eiai ?aae?caoe?y ca iaae? iaeano? oa ia aenii?o, /iio
ni?eyoeia ?icoe?aiiy noa?e ae?yeueiino? A?iieoeueei?
oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeueii? a??ae?. Oiio iaiao?aeii caaa?oeoe ?iaioo ii
noai?aiith ? ae?aaeeoaoe?? ia A?iieoeuee?e oiaa?i?e oi?aa?naeuei?e
a??ae? ?aeiiieo aa?ioi?aiaeo aeii?a, i?ney /iai aiie noathoue ??
/eaiaie. A?aee?eaoe a?iea?nuee? eiioi?e, cae?enithaaoeiooue a??aeiao
oi?a?aeth a?ae ?iai? ee??ioa aai a?ae naiai ?iai? e ca na?e ?aooiie.
N?oea oeeo i?aei?e?inoa ?icoe?th?oueny. O 1998 ?. a iaeano? aaea
iae?/oaaeiny 20 oi?aiaeo aeii?a, aea eeoa o?e c ieo aoee ae?aaeeoiaai?
ia A?iieoeuee?e oiaa?i?e oi?aa?naeuei?e a??ae?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
a?eueo?noue c ieo ia a?aeiia?aeathoue Oeiiaiio iieiaeaiith i?i
i?ae?aa?iiaeueiee oa ?aeiiiee aa?ioi?aiaee ae?i, ia aeeiiothoue nai?o
iniiaieo ooieoe?e, ae?thoue ye no?oeoo?i? i?ae?icae?ee
“?aeaa?ioaona?a?no” oa “?aeaa?iiaoo”. Any ?o ae?yeuei?noue noino?oueny
aa?oa?iiai iai?io iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a ia aa?ii?iaeiaieue/o
i?iaeoeoe?th.

Oaaeeoey 3

I?iaiic ianya?a i?iiiceoe?? oa aeei?enoaiiy ca?ia y/iaith (oen.o)

Noaoo? aaeaino1997 ?.2000 ?.2005 ?.I?iiiceoe?yAaeiaee
ca??525,6864,8994,7Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy c ?ioeo
iaeanoae1,01,21,0?iii?o0,4—Caeeoie ia ii/aoie
?ieo26,7100,0105,0Anueiai553,7966,01100,7Aeei?enoaiiyIa
ian?iiy67,470,980,9 i?iaeiaieuenoai0,50,81,4
oo?aae279,0486,6563,0 ieaiaa??iiy1,312,015,0?aae?caoe?y ca iaae?
iaeano?81,5182,0211,9Aenii?o29,275,793,0Ao?aoe36,830,030,0Anueiai495,785
8,0995,2Caeeoie ia e?iaoeue ?ieo58,0108,0105,5Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?ioeaaiai
caeeoeo, %:aei caaaeueiiai niiaeeaaiiy11,712,510,6 caaaeueii?
i?iiiceoe??10,411,19,6

Aeey oiaa?iae?iaieea iiaeeeaee ?ioee oeyo — o/anoue o a??aeia?e oi?a?ae?
ia aeiaia??i?e iniia? c a?iea?nueeeie eiioi?aie ? iacaeaaeieie
a?iea?aie, ye? ca?a?no?iaai? ia a??ae?.

Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? A?iieoeueei? oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeueii? a??ae? iieacaa,
ui ia i?e oeeaaeaeeny oaiaee ia ?aaeueiee oiaa?, o oiio /ene? c ei?ioeei
no?ieii iinoaaee “niio”, a oaeiae ?c a?aeno?i/aiith iinoaaeith
“oi?aa?ae”, e??i oiai, aa?oa?i?. Ca ianyaaie aeeiiaiiy oaiae ii y/iaith
aeii?iothoue niioia?. Aeeiiaiiy eiio?aeo?a ca oeeaaeaieie oaiaeaie a
1995-1997 ??. eieeaaeiny a?ae 56% ii y/iaith ieaiaa?iiio 1 eeano aei
iiaiiai aeeiiaiiy oaiae ii oo?aaeiiio.

I?e oeeaaeaii? oaiae ia ?aaeueiee oiaa? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? aea??
aaceno iinoaaee oiaa??a, ine?eueee oea iaeia c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oiia
oi?ioaaiiy eiai aa?oino?. I?iaeaae y/iaith ia A?iieoeuee?e
oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeuei?e a??ae? a iniiaiiio cae?enith?oueny ca aacenii
iinoaaee “o?aiei-aeaaaoi?” (AOW). O 1996 ?. ia a??ae? canoiniaoaaany
a?eueo oe?ieee niaeo? oaiae ca aacenii iinoaaee — niio AOW
(o?aiei-aeaaaoi?), niio AeAF (iinoaaea aei ei?aeiio), oi?aa?ae AOW
(o?aiei-aeaaaoi?).

Oiaa?iia?a ia a??ae? aeinyaioa iaea?eueoeo ?ici???a o 1996 ?., eiee
caaaeueiee ianya i?iaeaiiai y/iaith ca an?ia aeaeaie oaiae neeaa 10,4
oen.o. O oie aea /an niinoa??aa?oueny ??cea cieaeaiiy ae?eiai?
aeoeaiino? a??ae?, ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? oeeaaeaieo oaiae, cieaeaiiy
??aiy ?o e?ea?aeiino?. Ca ??cieie ioe?ieaie iiiaae 40% oeeaaeaieo oaiae
ia a??aeao Oe?a?ie ia aeeiiothoueny, oiae? ye o na?o? e?ea?aei?noue
neeaaea? iaeaea 99%. Ia A?iieoeuee?e oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeuei?e a??ae?
anoaiiaeaia oaea aeeiai?ea ci?ie ??aiy oeueiai iieacieea ii y/iaith
ieaiaa?iiio II eeano: 68,3% o 1995 ?., 2,9 — o 1997 ?. Caaaeueiee
??aaiue e?ea?aeiino? oaiae ii y/iaith ieaiaa?iiio ? eeano o 1995 ?.
neeaa 74,6 %. Ii oo?aaeiiio e?ea?aei?noue oaiae c a?aeno?i/aiith
iinoaaeith (oi?aa?ae — AOW) cieceeany c 75,7 o 1995 ?. aei 6,4 % o 1997
?.

O 1997 ?. /a?ac a??aeiaee ?eiie ?aae?ciaaii 625 o y/iaith, aa?o?noth 137
oen. a?i. Oea noaiiaeoue 4% caaaeueiiai ianyao oi?a?ae? ia A?iieoeuee?e
oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeuei?e a??ae?, yea a ?aeoeiao a??ae — /eai?a
Iaoe?iiaeueii? anioe?aoe?? a??ae Oe?a?ie, ui oi?aothoue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith i?iaeoeoe??th, ciaoiaeeeany ia ia?oiio
i?noe?.

A oiiaao iaaeinoaoiuei noi?iiaaiiai ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua iaeia c
aieiaieo caaaeaiue a??aeiaiai ?eieo — anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeueieo oe?i, ye?
a?oioothoueny ia ni?anoaaeaii? iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?? ia y/i?iue o
?aa?ii?. Ca aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae niinoa??aaeiny ??cea eieeaaiiy oe?i,
iaa?oue i?ioyaii iaei??? oi?aiai? nan??, ia ni?aiaaeaiiy ianya?a
i?iiiceoe?? ? iiieoo ia y/i?iue, oiio a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao iiieo
caeeoaany iacaaeiaieaiei, oi?ae ia a?aeaoaaeeny.

?ic?aoiaaiee iaie eiao?oe??io aeanoe/iino? iiieoo ca oe?iith (A?=0,49)
ii ieaiaa?iiio y/iaith aeaco? ia iaaeanoe/iee iiieo, eiee cia/i? ci?ie
oe?i ia i?ecaaee aei cia/ii? ci?ie ianyao. Ii oo?aaeiiio y/iaith,
iaaiaee, iiieo aoa aeanoe/iee (A?=2,28). O oie aea /an ?acoeueoaoe
a??aeiaeo oi?a?a ca ia??iae 1995-1997 ??. na?ae/aoue i?i
ieaoini?iiiaeii-iaaeanoe/iee iiieo ia aeaiee oiaa?. A?aenioeiaa ci?ia
i?iiiceoe?? aoea iaioa a?aenioeiai? ci?ie oe?ie ye ia oo?aaeiee, oae ?
ia ieaiaa?iee y/i?iue, ui aiai?eoue i?i ?? iaaeanoe/i?noue (As < 1). Aaaaea?ii, ui i?e/eiaie cieaeaiiy ae?eiai? aeoeaiino? a??ae?, o oiio /ene? oi?a?ae? y/iaiai ca 1995-1997 ??., aoea a?aenooi?noue aai iaaeinooii?noue aeey oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai ?eieo, iaaeineiiae?noue caeiiiaeaa/i-i?aaiai? aace oiaa?iiai a??aeiaiai ?eieo. sse iane?aeie, iaiaaeaia /enei o/aniee?a a??aeiaeo oi?a?a oa e?eueeino? iiaeaieo cayaie ia i?iaeaae y/iaith. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieaco?, ui a iaeaeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? iaae?eiei eaiaeii caooo caeeoaoueny caaio?aaeuei? i?aai?caoe??, iaa?oue ? i?ney a?aei?ie aea?aecaiiaeaiiy, c?inoa ?ieue a??ae? a ?aae?caoe?? ca?ia y/iaith. Oeueiio aoaea ni?eyoe i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? oe?aicaaio?aaeueieo ? ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa, oi?ioaaiiy ?io?ano?oeoo?e ca?iiaiai ?eieo a ?aa?ii? (noaiiaeaiiy aa?ioi?aiaeo aeii?a, noai?aiiy ia?aae? a?iea?nueeeo eiioi? i?e a??ae? oa ?i.). I?iaaaeai? ianoaaeaiiy a ainiiaea?noaao iaeano? aeathoue i?aenoaao aaaaeaoe, ui ciaioaiiy athaeaeaoieo aneaioaaiue ia caeoi?aeth ca?ia, iaieaoini?iiiaei?noue caaio?aaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa oa ianai?/ani?noue ?ic?aooie?a c oiaa?iae?iaieeaie coiiaeththoue ?noioi? ci?ie o no?oeoo?? ?aae?caoe?? ca?ia y/iaith ca ??cieie eaiaeaie. A ca’yceo c oeei ia iaeaeeae/ee ia??iae iaie i?iaiico?oueny (oaae. 4 ), ui i?iaeaae i?aoe?aieeai ainiiaea?noa o ?aooiie iieaoe i?aoe? caa?aaeaoueny ia ??ai? 27-30%. A?aeaoaeaoueny ia?ai?uaiiy oiaa?ieo iioie?a i?ae ?aae?caoe??th ia ?eieao ? ca aa?oa?ieie oaiaeaie. *a?ac oa, ui ?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a ciaoiaeeoueny a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy, aaciina?aaei?e i?iaeaae oiaa?iae?iaieeaie ca?ia ia a??aeao aoaea iacia/iei. Oaaeeoey 4 I?iaiic ?aae?caoe?? ca?ia y/iaith n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie ae?iaieeaie ca ia?eaoeiaiaeie eaiaeaie Eaiaee ?aae?caoe??1998 ?.2000 ?.E?euee?noue, oen. oNo?oe-oo?a, %E?euee?noue, oen. oNo?oe-oo?a, %?aae?caoe?y – anueiai250,0100,0312,0100,0a oiio /ene?:caaio?aaeueiei i?aai?caoe?yi oa ia?a?iaiei i?aei?e?inoaai ca i?yieie ca’yceaie37,515,079,625,5i?aai?caoe?yi niiaeeani?eee0,50,20,60,2ianaeaiith /a?ac nenoaio a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy (c o?aooaaiiyi i?iaeaaeo ? aeaea/? a ?aooiie iieaoe i?aoe?)75,030,086,727,8ia ?eieao, /a?ac iaaaceie, e?inee, iaeaoee67,527,088,928,5ca aa?oa?ieie oaiaeaie65,026,048,415,5ia a??aeao aaciina?aaeiuei oiaa?iae?iaieeaie4,51,87,82,5 Iniiaieie i?iaeaaoeyie ca?ia ia a??aeao ? iaaeae? aenooiaoeiooue iina?aaeieee (iai?eeeaae, oe?aii?eeiaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa). Ainiiaea?nueei-o?iainiaa ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa ii caa??aaiith ? ia?a?iaoe? ca?ia aoaea cae?enithaaoenue ca i?yieie ca’yceaie c oiaa?iae?iaieeaie, a oaeiae ia? ia?ai???iooaaoeny ia caeoi?aeth i?iaeoeoe?? o eiia?oe?eieo no?oeoo?ao. Aeniiaee 1. Ca?ii y/iaith — aa?ia?cianiaee oiaa? nooi ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy, aei yeiai ?eiie aenoaa? aei?noe? aeiiae (ocaaaeueiai? a aeena?oaoe??), iia’ycai?, ia?o ca ana, c eiai ye?noth. Oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/eo noaiaea?o?a ia oo?aaeiee oa ieaiaa?iee y/i?iue ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith eiai eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia ?eieo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a oe?eiio ni?eyoeeaee i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/iee iioaioe?ae A?iie//eie aeey ae?iuoaaiiy aenieiye?niiai y/iaith ??ciiai ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy aeei?enoiao?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei. Aaaaea?ii ca aeioe?eueia oi?ioaaoe ciie oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith, aeoiaey/e c oiia aa?iee?iaoe/ieo i?aecii iaeano?, niaoe?ae?coaaoe ainiiaea?noaa ia ae?iuoaaii? ni?o?a ??ciiai ae?iaie/iai iai?yio c a?aeiia?aeiei eiiieaenii aa?ioaoi?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eii-ainiiaea?nueeeo oa ?ioeo caoiae?a. 2. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeyaeaii oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aaae y/iaith a no?oeoo?? ca?iioo?aaeieo eoeueoo? oa nei?i/aiiy iin?aieo ieiu y?iai, ianoaa?euei?noue iin?a?a iceiiai, cia/i? eieeaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?, ?acoeueoaoii /iai ? aeniea aa??aoe?y aaeiaeo cai??a. Aeyaeaii, ui ??/i? eieeaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? y/iaith ca 1979-1997 ??. (y?iai ia 61, iceiiai ia 56%) caeaaeaoue a?ae oaeoi??a ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae anoaiiaeaii, ui 74,4% a?aei?iiinoae o?iaeaeiino? y/iaith a ainiiaea?noaao noni?eueiiai naeoi?o ??cieo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo i?aecii iaeano? a iniiaiiio caeaaeaoue a?ae iayaiiai ni?oiaiai neeaaeo, caaacia/aiiy ainiiaea?noa aenieii?iaeoeoeaiei ian?iiyi, i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie, oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy oiaa?iae?iaiee?a. 3. Iniiaieie ae?iaieeaie y/iaith a ?aa?ii? caeeoathoueny eieaeoeai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? caaacia/othoue aeecueei 89% eiai aaeiaiai cai?o. ?aioaaaeuei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa eoeueoo?e a noni?eueiiio naeoi?? o 1995-1997 ??. cieceeanue c 41,6 aei 37,0%. O oie aea /an iana i?eaooeo ia 1 aa iin?a?a c o?aooaaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa oiaa?iino? c?inea c 18,6 aei 22,45 a?i., ui ? na?ae/aiiyi iinooiiaiai ci?oeiaiiy iiceoe?e oeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia ?eieo. O oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao ae?iaieoeoai y/iaith aaea ca?ac caeia? 41,8% o iin?aao ? 38,3% o aaeiaiio cai?? ca?iiaeo. Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa i?ecaaaea aei i?aeaeuaiiy ?o /anoee o ae?iaieoeoa? y/iaith oa c?inoaiiy eiieo?aioe?? ae?iaiee?a oiaa?iiai ca?ia. 4. Aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y caaio?aaeue coiiaeea ci?ie o no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii? i?iiiceoe?? y/iaith: ieoiia aaaa caaio?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e cieceeany c 90 a 1993 ?. aei 11% o 1997 ?., c?inea aei 89% ieoiia aaaa ianya?a ?aae?caoe?? /a?ac aeani? iaaaceie ia ?eieo, i?aoe?aieeai ainiiaea?noa o ?aooiie iieaoe i?aoe? oa ca aa?oa?ieie oaiaeaie. 5. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaae ia?aaeaa/eoe a??ia?aei? ci?ie ?eieiai? neooaoe??, iiaeeeaino? oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, c?iaeoe i?iaiicio ioe?ieo ?icaeoeo ia?eaoeiaiaeo eaiae?a. Ia iaoa ia?aeiiaiiy, ?aae?caoe?y ca?ia caaio?aaeueiei i?aai?caoe?yi ? i?aei?e?inoaai eiia?ei?iiai? oa ieaiaa?ii? i?iieneiaino? ca i?yieie ca’yceaie, ia a??aeao — oea iniiai? eaiaee, ye? aeicaieyoue oiaa?iae?iaieeo iaea?aeaoe iaeneiaeueio oe?io ca naith i?iaeoeoe?th. Ca i?iaiicii a iaeaeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? aiie, a?aeiia?aeii, caeiaoeiooue iiiaae 25% ? aeecueei 3%, c iiaeaeueoei ca?eueoaiiyi ?o /anoee a no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii? i?iiiceoe?? y/iaith. Oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie caooo ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaeoie ?ioeo eaiae?a, ci?io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ieie, ?icoe?aiiy i?aa ? iineoa caeoi?aaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa, i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? aeiaia??ieo a?aeiinei. 6. Iie?auaiiy no/aniiai noaio ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo niiaeeaa/?a y/iaith (ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa) iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi iaeaaeiith aea?aeaaiith i?aeo?eieith oa oeyoii cae?eniaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, caoeuai?noth aioo??oiueiai ?eieo a?ae ?iii?oii? i?iaeoeoe??, noai?aiiyi caaeia?eueiiai ne?iaeiiiai caaacia/aiiy oa iaeaaiaeaeai?noth i?yieo ca'yce?a ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa c oiaa?iae?iaieeaie. 7. Aei 2005 ?. iin?ai? ieiu? y?iai y/iaith aeioe?eueii ?icoe?eoe c 223,0 aei 254,9 oen. aa, iceiiai — c 11,4 aei 27,0 oen. aa. Iniiaia ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa y/iaith i?iaiico?oueny ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy o?iaeaeiino? (y?iai c 23,2 aei 34,5 oe/aa, iceiiai c 28,6 aei 42,7 oe/aa). Ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa noaiiaeoeiooue aeecueei 995 oen. o i?ioe 526 o 1997 ?. 8. Ca iaoith ioe?ieith, ?ie?noue ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith ia i?iaiiciaaiee ia??iae (2000-2005 ??.) aecia/aoeiooue c?inoath/? iio?aae oaa?eiieoeoaa o oo?aaeiiio ca?i?, ??aaiue ?icaeoeo eiia?ei?iiai? oa ieaiaa?ii? i?iieneiaino?, iaeaaiaeaeai?noue i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo oa ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca'yce?a. ?ie?noue ?eieo oo?aaeiiai y/iaith iiaea neeanoe aeecueei 500 oen.o, aenieiaeno?aeoeaiiai ieaiaa?iiai — 12-15, aeey oa?/iaeo oe?eae — aeecueei 1 oen. o, ?aae?caoe?y ca iaae? iaeano? — iiiaae 180-210, aenii?o — aeecueei 70-90 oen. o. 9. Aeey noai?aiiy oeea?e?ciaaiiai eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua, caoenoo a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iae?iaieea a?ae ciai?oiuei? aeniain?? oa caaacia/aiiy eiio aeiiii?/ii? i?aeo?eiee a Oe?a?i? iaiao?aeia ?aeeia aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia uiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?nioth/i? ?io?ano?oeoo?e caooo ca?ia o ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?ic??c?. Aaaaea?ii, ui ?? ?icoe?aiiy oa ci?oeiaiiy a iaeaeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe oeyoii i?aai?caoe?? caooiaeo eiiia?aoea?a; ?icaeoeo o??iiai? oi?a?ae? oa iaei? ia?a?iaee o ainiiaea?noaao oiaa?iae?iaieeao; oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? A?iieoeueei? oiaa?ii-oi?aa?naeueii? a??ae?; ?icoe?aiiy ia?aae? iina?aaeieoeueeeo no?oeoo? — a?iea?nueeeo eiioi?, ?aeiiieo aa?ioi?aiaeo aeii?a, ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ii oai? aeena?oaoe??: 1. Oii/oe A.A. ?acaeoea ca?iii?iiuoeaiiiai iiaeeiiieaena iaeanoiiai AIE // Yeiiiieea e i?aaiecaoeey naeueneiai oicyenoaa: ?anioaeeeaineee iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiue oaiaoe/aneee iao/iue nai?iee. — E.: O?iaeae, 1988. — Aui. 82. — N.18-21. 2. Oii/oe A.A. Aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?caoe?? y/iaith ia A?iie//ei? // Aeiiii?ea AIE. — 1998. — ? 3. — N.51-55. 3. Oii/oe A.A. Aeaye? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo y/iaith ia A?iie//ei? // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. — A?iieoey: AAeNA?, 1997. — Aei. 1. — N.38-39. 4. Oii/oe A.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy ne?iaeiii? aace eiia?ei?iiai? i?iieneiaino? // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. — A?iieoey: AAeNA?, 1998. — Aei. 2. — N.40-42. 5. Oii/oe A.A. Oiioaaiiy ?eieo ieaiaa?iiai y/iaith ? ?icaeoie ieaiaa?ii? i?iieneiaino? ia A?iie//ei? // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. — A?iieoey: AAeNA?, 1998. — Aei. 2. — N.43-45. 6. Oii/oe A.A. Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ca?iii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno A?iieoeueei? iaeano? a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei // Iaoeiaee ca??iee: oai??y ? i?aeoeea a ia??iae ?aaeeeaeueii? aeiiii?/ii? ?aoi?ie. — A?iieoey: AAeNA?, 1996. — N.60-62. 7. Oii/oe A.A. Oiioaaiiy ?eieo ca?ia y/iaith ia A?iie//ei? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: “Iaoea a ia??iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee”. — A?iieoey: AAeNA?, 1996. — N.131-133. Aiioaoe?? Oii/oe A.A. Oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith. Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.02 — aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE — ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI, Ee?a, 1998. Aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo y/iaith ia A?iie//ei? ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy no/aniiai noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa e aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ?eieo niiaeeaa/?a oo?aaeiiai oa ieaiaa?iiai ca?ia, ye? aeieeathoue ia noaae?yo caaio?ae?, caa??aaiiy, ia?a?iaee oa oi?a?ae?. ?ic?iaeaii ia?niaeoeai? ia?aiao?e ae?iaieoeoaa ? niiaeeaaiiy y/iaith a ?aa?ii?, iaa?oioiaaii ?icaeoie ia?eaoeiaiaeo eaiae?a oa ca?eueoaiiy oiaa?ii? i?iiiceoe?? ca?ia. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oiaa?, ye?noue ca?ia, ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie, ?ii?noue ?eieo, iiieo, i?iiiceoe?y, aeanoe/i?noue, ia?eaoeiaia? eaiaee, ?io?ano?oeoo?a, a??aea. Tomchuk V.V. Formation of regional parley market. Thesis is represented as the manuscript. The thesis being submitted for the scientific degree of candidate of economical science on speciality 08.07.02 — Economy of agriculture and agro-industrial complex. Institute of Agrarian Economy of Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences. — Kyiv, 1998. The thesis presents the main results of investigation of regional barley market formation in Vinnytsya region on the basis of complex study of modern state of production effectiveness and economical problems of fodder and brewing grain market development, which arise during supply, storage, processing and selling. Prospective parameters of production and consumption of barley in the region are developed, marketing channels development and supply increase are substantiated. Key words: commodity, grain quality, regional market, supply, demand, elastisity, marketing channels, infrastructure, exchange. Oii/oe A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea y/iaiy. Aeenna?oaoeeae anoue ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02 — yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE — Einoeooo aa?a?iie yeiiiieee OAAI, Eeaa, 1998. Eceiaeaiu iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey oi?ie?iaaiey ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea y/iaiy ia Aeiie//eia ia iniiaa eiiieaeniiai eco/aiey nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa e yeiiiie/aneeo i?iaeai ?acaeoey ?uiea iio?aaeoaeae oo?aaeiiai e ieaiaa?aiiiai ca?ia, eioi?ua aicieeatho ia noaaeeyo caaioiaie, o?aiaiey, ia?a?aaioee e oi?aiaee. ?ac?aaioaiu ia?niaeoeaiua ia?aiao?u i?iecaiaenoaa e iio?aaeaiey y/iaiy a ?aaeiia, iainiiaaiu ?acaeoea ia?eaoeiaiauo eaiaeia e oaaee/aiea oiaa?iiai i?aaeeiaeaiey ca?ia. Noaiaiue i?eaioaoeee i?aaei?eyoee-i?iecaiaeeoaeae oiaa?iiai ca?ia y/iaiy ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea iio?aaiinoae iio?aaeoaeae, eioi?ua ?aciauathony a aeaiiii ?aaeiia, ii?aaeaeyaony niioiioaieai i?iecaiaenoaa e auaica i?iaeoeoeee ec ?aaeiia, iio?aaeaiey e aaica i?iaeoeoeee a ?aaeii. ss/iaiue aoiaeeo a a?oiio oiaa?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey, eioi?ua iieoiathony aeey eniieueciaaiey a i?iecaiaenoaa ae?oaeo oiaa?ia, aeey oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe eee ia?ai?iaeaaee ae?oaei iio?aaeoaeyi. Ii eeanneoeeaoeee oiaa?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey ioiineony e a?oiia “nu?uea e iaoa?eaeu”. I?aaeeiaeaiea ca?ia y/iaiy oi?ie?oaony iiae aeaenoaeai niaieoiiinoe noauaeoeaiuo e iauaeoeaiuo oaeoi?ia, iaoneiaeaiiuo ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie ?aaeiia; o?iaiai i?iecaiaenoaa y/iaiy a oicyenoaao oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeyo; iia?aoeaiinoueth iieo/aiey eioi?iaoeee i iiauo yooaeoeaiuo oaoiieiaeyo au?aueaaiey e ia?a?aaioee i?iaeoeoeee, aiaae?aieai aeinoeaeaiee iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna; nicaeaieai e ooieoeeiie?iaaieai niioaaonoaothuae eio?ano?oeoo?u, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao naycue oicyenoa n iio?aaeoaeyie; i?iaiice?iaaieai iauaiia i?iecaiaenoaa e iaoiaeaeaieai eaiaeia ?aaeecaoeee oiaa?iiai ca?ia. Ni?in ia ca?ii y/iaiy a ?aaeiia ii?aaeaeyaony: o?iaiai ?acaeoey e iio?aaiinoyie aeeaioiiaiae/aneie io?anee a ca?iioo?aaea; iio?aaiinoyie eiiaeei?iiaie e ieaiaa?aiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe; iauaiaie ia?a?aaioee ia i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiua oeaee; ?acaeoeai aiaoiayeiiiie/aneeo naycae aeey nauoa a ae?oaea ?aaeiiu e ia yenii?o; eioi?iaoeeiiiui iaania/aieai e ninoiyieai nayce iio?aaeoaeae n ?uii/iuie no?oeoo?aie e i?iecaiaeeoaeyie oiaa?iiai ca?ia. Enneaaeiaaiea nouanoaothuaai e iioaioeeaeueiiai ?uieia nauoa y/iaiy inouanoaeyeinue n o/aoii aai naaiaioaoeee ii aaeieieno?aoeaii-oa??eoi?eaeueiiio aeaeaieth ia iaeanoiua e ?aeiiiua ?uiee, ii oa?aeoa?o eniieueciaaiey e o?iaith oiaa?iinoe, a oaeaea a caaeneiinoe io no?oeoo?u ia?eaoeiaiauo eaiaeia. Eco/aiu oaeoi?u oi?ie?iaaiey ea/anoaa y/iaiy ?aciiai i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey, a oaeaea o?aaiaaiey ?uiea e oo?aaeiiio e ieaiaa?aiiiio ca?io. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iniiaiuie i?e/eiaie iaiieiiai eniieueciaaiey aeaaii?eyoiiai i?e?iaeii-eeeiaoe/aneiai iioaioeeaea ?aaeiia yaeythony ia?ooaiey /a?aaeiaaiey eoeueoo? a naaiiai?ioao, oaoiieiaee au?aueaaiey, ?aciauaiea y/iaiy ii ooaeoei i?aaeoanoaaiieeai, iaaeinoaoi/iia aianaiea oaeia?aiee ia 1 aa iinaaia, iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiia ninoiyiea naeueneioicyenoaaiiie oaoieee. O?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao y/iaiy, eioi?ua a iniiaiii caeiaeaiu a ainoaea?noaaiiua noaiaea?ou, a ?uii/iuo oneiaeyo o?aaotho aeiiieiaiee. A enneaaeoaiii ia?eiaea a ?aaeiia iaaethaeaaony oaiaeaioeey e nieaeaieth o?iaiy i?iecaiaenoaa y/iaiy. Iniiaiuie i?iecaiaeeoaeyie y/iaiy inoathony eieeaeoeaiua naeueneioicyenoaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ua iaania/eaatho ieiei 89% aai aaeiaiai nai?a. A oa?ia?neeo oicyenoaao i?iecaiaenoai y/iaiy oaea nae/an ninoaaeyao 38,3% a aaeiaii nai?a ca?iiauo e caieiaao 41,8% ieiuaaee iinaaia. Aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea oa?ia?neeo oicyenoa i?eaaaeao e iiauoaieth eo ?iee a i?iecaiaenoaa y/iaiy e ?inoo eiieo?aioeee iaaeaeo i?iecaiaeeoaeyie oiaa?iiai ca?ia. A ?aaioa ioia/aaony, /oi nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea iio?aaeoaeae y/iaiy (ia?a?aaaouaathueo i?aaei?eyoee) oa?aeoa?ecoaony iauei niaaeii i?iecaiaenoaa, nieaeaieai yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou, ieceei o?iaiai eniieueciaaiey eo i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iioaioeeaea. N?aaee aaaeiuo aeanoaaeeecothueo oaeoi?ia, niinianoaothueo yoiio — ionoonoaea ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee e eiaanoeoeee, iacaueuaiiinoue aioo?aiiaai ?uiea io eiii?oiie i?iaeoeoeee, iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiia nu?ueaaia iaania/aiea, iaaeinoaoi/iay iaeaaeaiiinoue i?yiuo naycae ia?a?aaaouaathueo i?aaei?eyoee n oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeyie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aieinoue ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea y/iaiy ia i?iaiice?oaiue ia?eiae (2000-2005 aa.) aoaeoo ii?aaeaeyoue aic?anoathuea iio?aaiinoe aeeaioiiaiaenoaa a oo?aaeiii ca?ia, o?iaaiue ?acaeoey eiiaeei?iiaie e ieaiaa?aiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe, iaae?aaeiiaeueiua e aiaoiayeiiiie/aneea nayce. Aieinoue ?uiea oo?aaeiiai y/iaiy iiaeao ninoaaeoue ieiei 500 oun. o, aunieiyeno?aeoeaiiai ieaiaa?aiiiai — 12-15, aeey ieuaauo oeaeae — ieiei 1 oun. o, ?aaeecaoeey ca i?aaeaeu iaeanoe — nauoa 180-210, yenii?o — ieiei 70-90 oun. o. Aeey nicaeaiey oeeaeeeciaaiiie eiieo?aioiie n?aaeu, caueou ioa/anoaaiiiai oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaey io aiaoiae yeniainee e iaania/aiey aio yeiiiie/aneie iiaeaea?aeee a Oe?aeia iaiaoiaeeia aaeeiay ainoaea?noaaiiay i?ia?aiia ii ?aoi?ie?iaaieth nouanoaothuae eio?ano?oeoo?u nauoa ca?iiaie i?iaeoeoeee a ?aaeiiaeueiii ?ac?aca. ?anoe?aiea e oe?aieaiea eio?ano?oeoo?u ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea a aeeaeaeoae ia?niaeoeaa oeaeaniia?acii inouanoaeyoue iooai i?aaiecaoeee nauoiauo eiiia?aoeaia, ?acaeoeai oe?iaiiie oi?aiaee e iaeie ia?a?aaioee a oicyenoaao oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae; niaa?oainoaiaaieai aeayoaeueiinoe Aeiieoeeie oiaa?ii-oieaa?naeueiie ae?aee; ?anoe?aieai naoe iin?aaeie/aneeo no?oeoo? — a?iea?neeo eiioi?, ?aeiiiuo aa?ioi?aiauo aeiiia, aiaoiaoi?aiauo i?aaiecaoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oiaa?, ea/anoai ca?ia, ?aaeiiaeueiue ?uiie, ?ieinoue ?uiea, ni?in, i?aaeeiaeaiea, yeanoe/iinoue, ia?eaoeiaiaua eaiaeu, eio?ano?oeoo?a, ae?aea. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 26.11.1998 ?. Oi?iao 60?84/16 Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Iae. aeae. a?e. 1,0. Iai?? ae?oe. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. Ae?eueieoey iia?aoeaii? iie?a?ao?? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee 252127 Ee?a-127, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 8

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