EOAAINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

IINOIAA ?iia Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 378.637.036+372.578

O I ? I O A A I I ss

IAAeAAIA?*II-AEEIIAANUeEI? IAENOA?IINO?

IAEAOOIUeIAI A*EOAEss IOCEEE

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Eoaainuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iieoaanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo?

?i. A.A. Ei?ieaiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

OA?ANAAE* I?ia Ieeiea?aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?
Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.A. Ei?ieaiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?, ae?eniee
/eai AII Oe?a?ie CssCTHI ?aai Aiae??eiae/, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie;

– eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AAICAe?AA Iaae?y Iaae?aia,
aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo ioceee Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa. eaoaae?e oai???, ?noi??? ioceee
oa a?e ia ioce/ieo ?ino?oiaioao

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a a?e ia ioce/ieo ?ino?oiaioao, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “4“ ethoiai 1999 ?. i 13.30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 29.053.01 o Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith:

348 011, i. Eoaainuee, aoe. Iai?iiia, 2

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24“ eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.E. Aooaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?EIIAI AeINE?AeAEAIIss

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE ? AeIOe?EUeI?NOUe ?? ?IC?IAEE. Caa?aaeaiiy
aeooiaiino? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? iio?aao? i?aeaioiaee iiai? aaia?aoe??
a/eoae?a ioceee, iaaeaaia?a-ioceeaio?a OO? noie?ooy, ni?iiiaeieo
caeo/eoe iieiaeue aei aeeaieiai i?ciaiiy ? ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeoaaiiy c
ioce/iei ienoaoeoaii.

??aaiue i?ioan?eii? eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoaey ioceee iniaeeai yne?aai
aeyaey?oueny ia aoai? i?aai?caoe?? neooaiiy oeiey?aie “aeeai?” ioceee,
eiee neioac iaaeaaia?/iiai ? aeeiiaanueeiai eiiiiiaio?a ae?yeueiino?
a/eoaey (I.I.Ai?aen?ia, Ae.A.Eaaaeaanueeee oa ?io?) aeicaiey? aeinyaoe
ooaeiaeiueiai aieeao ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa ia iniaeno?noue
(N.I.Aaey?aa-Aecaiiey?nueea, I.I.Ae?iiaa, A.E.Aionae?ia? oa ?io?),
ni?ey? oai?/?e aca?iiae?? a/eoaey ?c o/iyie (E.A.Eiaaeue), ?iaeoue
i?ioean ni?eeiaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii ea?iaaiei (I.ss.?inoianueeee,
I.I.?oaeieoeueea).

?noi??y ?icaeoeo ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue
aenieiai ??aiy iniaeno?niiai iioaioe?aeo ina?oyi o iaaeaaia?/i?e
ooaeiaeiuei-eiioi?eaoeai?e ae?yeueiino? (oa?i?i E.N.Iaeeianueei?, 1992).
Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo I.E.A?iaecainueei?, E.A.Aeaieeaanueei?,
A.I.Oaoeueei? oa ?ioeo, aiae?c ae?yeueiino? a/eoae?a ioceee ??ciiai
??aiy iaenoa?iino? aeyaeythoue ?aei?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai ? aeeiiaanueeiai
aniaeo?a iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee, ?o ??aiicia/i?noue ?
aca?iiaeiiiaiaiiy o aeinyaiaii? aca?iiae?? a/eoaey ?c oeiey?aie. Oea
ni?e/eieei aaaaeaiiy o eiioaeno aeine?aeaeaiiy ocaaaeueiaiiai iiiyooy –
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea iaenoa?i?noue o/eoaey ioceee.

Caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/i?  canaaee i?iaeaie iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey aeie?aieai?
o i?aoeyo no/anieo iaaeaaia?a ? ineoieia?a (I.I.Aaaeoe?ia, A.?.Aiiaea?,
?.A.Cycthi, A.?.Caaa’yceinueeee, E.A.E?aiouaiei, I.A.Eocuei?ia,
A.?.Eiciaa, TH.E.Eueaiaa, I.A.Ii?ic, I.A.Ioae?ee, A.O.Ieoe?ia,
E.N.Ia/aii?aiei, I.I.Iioaoi?e, A.A.Naie/aiei, A.I.Neanoueii?i,
I.I.Oa?anaae/, I.Ae.Oiaeue, A.I.Oaa/aiei, I.?.Ua?aaeia oa ?io?), ye?
i?noyoue ?icia?ooy oaeeaaiue oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e iiiyooy “iaenoa?i?noue”:
a?ae o?aeooaaiiy ?? ye ?ai?nieoeoaa, oi?eino? aei aeciaiiy ienoaoeoaii,
i?ioan?iiae?ciii. Cia/ou?noue iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee
i?aee?aneththoue A.A.Aaaeoe?i, E.A.A?/aaei?eiaa, ?.?.Aaeue/eo?n,
I.O.Aeoiyeiaa, A.I.Iaaeaeea, ?.I.Iieyeiaa oa ?io?. Nooi?noue
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee, ?? ie?ai? aeaiaioe ? ia’?eoii
?yaeo aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue (E.A.Aea?aa’yiei, ?.I.Eocueiaiei,
A.?.Naionaiei, A.?.Noanueei, O.A.No?aoai, I.I.Iocaeaa, I.A.*aaioa?aiie,
A.I.Oaa?ueia). I?ioa aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
cana?ae/ea, ui i?iaeaia iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee ia aoai?
i?aai?caoe?? neooaiiy oeiey?aie “aeeai?” ioceee aei oeueiai /ano ia
ae?noaea iaeaaeii? ?ic?iaee.

Ca oiia aeanii?o/iiai aeeiiaiiy ioce/iiai oai?o iaenoa?i?noue o/eoaey
ioceee, ie??i iaaeaaia?/iiai, ia? aeeiiaanueeee aniaeo, aaeaea i?ioean
ao?ethaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?aea? o ?aaeueiiio cao/aii? iio?aao?
iniaeno?nii? o/ano? iaaeaaiaa-ioceeaioa (A.A.?aaei?eia).

A?oioiaia c’ynoaaiiy i?iaeaie aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? i?noyoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy o aaeoc? oai??? oa ?noi??? ioce/iiai aeeiiaanoaa
(A.A.A?e?eiaa, Oa?o//i Aocii?, I.A.Aieueaeaiaaeca?, O.I.A?oi-A?aeeiaeei,
I.A.Aeaaeaeia, A.I.Eiaai, Aeueo?aae Ei?oi, ss.?.I?eueooaei, A.A.Iaeaaoc,
N.A.Oaeiaa?a, TH.I.Oeaaa?aee? oa ?io?) ? ioceeiciaanoaa (A.A.Anao’?a,
TH.A.E?aieueia, ?.O.Eyoaiei, N.A.Ii?ioie/aiei oa ?io?). Ineoieia?/ia
i?aea?oioy oai?/i? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? ?ino?oiaioae?noa ye iieacieea
eiai aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? ?icaeyiooi E.E.Ai/ea?ueiaei,
I.A.A?oeeinueeei, A.N.Oa?aniaei oa ?ioeie.

Ioce/ia iaaeaaia?ea aeui? oeiee ia? nie?aei? iaaeaaiiy oeyo?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee
o eiioaeno? oe?e?nii? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee (E.A.A?/aaeieeiaa,
?.I.Aa?oieac, C.N.Eaanieoey, A.?.Iooeiaoa?, A.I.Oeei?i oa ?io?). ?nio?
oe?iea eiei aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? ?icaeaathoue ?aeath ?? iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?yioaaiiy, i?aee?aneththoue cia/ou?noue aca?iiae??
caaaeueiiiaaeaaia?/ieo ? niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue, iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy
i?ioan?eieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?iue o eean? ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioa
(E.I.Aeaaeiaa, ?.O.Aaaeei, N.?.Coaeianueeee, O.A.?aai/aiei, E.A.?na?aa,
O.I.Ei?ieueiaa, N.I.Ianiee, TH.A.I?eiea?, C.A.?oi’yioeaaa,
I.I.Oeiioaiei, I.I.*a?ieo, A.E.sseiithe oa ?io?). A?oioiaii ?icaeyiooi
ie?ai? aniaeoe ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee: oi?ioaaiiy aeeiiaanueeeo
oi?iue, i?eioeeie aeiai?o iaa/aeueiiai ?aia?ooa?o, cia/ou?noue
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oi?ie iaa/aiiy (TH.I.Aae, I.E.A?ea, ?.A.Ei?e?ia,
O.N.Eiiiiaiei, ?.A.Eo?eoaa, E.ss.Iaoe?ia, A.C.Nai?oia, ?.A.Ne?eie?ia,
E.A.Ni??iiaa, A.I.Oeaeeiai?eia, I.I.THae?i, O.?.THiee). Ia aeaeue, oe?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaee/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ciaeoee iaeaaeiiai
canoinoaaiiy o oe?ieiio caaae? ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a
aeueo caeeaae?a iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe. Ie iii?/a?ii, ui iaeaooi?
iaaeaaiae iaaeineiiaei aieiae?thoue ioce/iei ?ino?oiaioii ? niaith,
a?ae/oaathoue iaaaeye? o?oaeiiu? o aeinyaiaii? aca?iiae?? ?c o/iyie
caniaaie ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, aaaathoueny o aeiai?? iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a
aeoea?caoe?? ni?eeiaiiy oeiey??a. Oea aeaco? ia iecueeee ??aaiue
ocaiaeaeaiino? o aeeeaaeaii? aeenoeeie?i niaoe?aeueiiai ioce/iiai ?
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oeeee?a.

Oaeei /eiii, iaiao?aei?noue iiaeieaiiy i?ioe??//y i?ae aiae?oe/iith
i?aeaioiaeith iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee ? eiai caeaoi?noth
cae?enithaaoe oe?e?niee iaaeaaia?/iee aieea ia o/iy caniaaie “aeeai?”
ioceee, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oaiiiaia
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? ? oeyo?a ?? oi?ioaaiiy ye
iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee coiiaeee aea??
oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy “Oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee”.
Aiia ? neeaaeiaith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii?
iaenoa?iino? Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i.
A.A.Ei?ieaiea (“Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?noiaiai eiiiiiaioa oi?ioaaiiy iniia
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey” ?E ? 0197 O 000065).

IA’?EO AeINE?AeAEAIIss – i?ioean ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee ia iaaeaaia?/iiio oaeoeueoao? aeuiai
caeeaaeo ina?oe.

I?AAeIAO AeINE?AeAEAIIss – oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a – iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee o i?ioean?
?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee.

IAOA AeINE?AeAEAIIss iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? ? oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
iiaeae? ? oaoiieia?? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee.

EIIOeAIOOAEUeI? ?AeA? AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Aeinyaoe aca?iiae?? c o/iyie
caniaaie ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa ni?iiiaeiee o/eoaeue, yeee aieiae??
aa?iii?eiei ii?aeiaiiyi iaaeaaia?/ii? ? aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? o
oe?e?niiio oaiiiai?. Nie?ath/enue ia iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?e
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?, aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? oai??? e ?noi???
ioce/iiai aeeiiaanoaa ? ioceeiciaanoaa, e?oa?aoo?e c ioce/ii? ineoieia??
? ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, ie ?icaeyaea?ii iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeo
iaenoa?i?noue o/eoaey ioceee ye eiai iniaeno?niee iioaioe?ae, a i?ioean
?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o aeueo caeeaaeao ina?oe,
cie?aia eo?n “Ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”, – i?aea?oioyi oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a ?aeiino? iaaoooy ni?yiiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e, aeinyaiaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
eiiiaoaioiino?, ?icaeoeo ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo cae?aiinoae, ica?i?iiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeith oaoi?eith.

A?IIOACA AeINE?AeAEAIIss. A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeaia i?eiouaiiy:
??aaiue iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
ioceee c?inoa? ca oiia oe?eani?yiiaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii eiai ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee, ui aaco?oueny ia
i?eioeeiao: iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo a ?ic?iaoe? ci?noo
iaa/aiiy; i???ioaoe?? ia oai?/o aeoeai?noue nooaeaio?a; eiioaenoiino?
iaa/aiiy; ?ioaa?aoe?? iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue eo?no “Iniiae iaaeaaia?/ii?
iaenoa?iino?” c eo?nii “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”
(oi?oai?aii); i??i?eoaoo o aeiai?? iaa/aeueiiai ?aia?ooa?o nooaeaio?a
aei?iaeo oe?a?inueei? eiiiiceoi?nueei? oeiee; eiioeaio?eci? aeeeaaeaiiy
iaoa??aeo eo?no.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aenoiaii? a?iioace
aoei noi?ioeueiaaii oae? CAAAeAIIss:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo eiioeaioe?e iaaeaaia?/ii?
iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey, aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaaeaaiaa-ioceeaioa oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe nooi?noue ? no?oeoo?o
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee.

2. Ae??cieoe e?eoa??? ioe?ithaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino?, i?iaanoe ae?aaiinoeeo ??aiy ?? noi?iiaaiino? o nooaeaio?a
aeueo caeeaae?a iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe.

3. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe,  aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe iiaeaeue
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee a
?ioaa?iaaiiio eo?n? “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii).

4. Aeyaeoe caeaaei?noue i?ae ??aiai noi?iiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a ? cai?iaaaeaeaiei
iaaeaaia?/iei oi?aae?iiyi ?o ?ino?oiaioaeueiith i?aeaioiaeith.

5. I?aeaiooaaoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey nooaeaio?a aeui? oeiee ?
aeeeaaea/?a ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioa.

IAOIAeIEIA?*IITH INIIAITH AeINE?AeAEAIIss ? o?aeooaaiiy ae?yeueiino? ye
niiniao naii?aae?caoe?? ethaeeie o i?aoe? oa ni?eeoaaii?; eiioeaioe?y
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey; o?aeooaaiiy aioiaiino? aei
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? ye iieacieea iaenoa?iino?; i?eioeei
?ioaa?aoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano;
iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioaenoiiai iaa/aiiy o aoc?; eiioeaioe?y oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e o eiioaeno? anana?oiuei? eoeueoo?e.

OAI?AOE*IA AACA AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Anoaiiaeoe c?ieiaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? ?
aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee o oe?e?niiio oaiiiai?
oiiaeeeaeee aeine?aeaeaiiy nooiino? iaenoa?iino? iaaeaaiaa (I.Aeea,
?.A.Cycthi, E.A.E?aiouaiei, I.A.Eocuei?ia, I.A.Eooa??a, I.I.Oa?anaae/,
O.Oeao oa ?io?) ? aeeiiaaoey-?ino?oiaioae?noa (I.A.Aeaaeaeia,
A.A.Iaeeieianueea, A.A.?aaeieeia, TH.I.Oeaaa?aee?); aecia/aiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ye aca?iiae?? a/eoaey ?c o/iai
(N.A.Aa?oeianueeee, A.A.Eai-Eaeee oa ?io?), ?icoi?iiy ooaeiaeiuei?
ae?yeueiino? ye eiioi?eaoe?? (E.I.Iacaeue, A.A.Iaaeooaanueeee,
?.A.Iacaeeeinueeee) ? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino? ye ooaeiaeiueiai
ni?eeoaaiiy c ioce/iei ienoaoeoaii (I.A.Einothe, A.?.Iao?ooei,
A.I.Oaieia, I.I.sseianii). Iaa?oiooaaiith ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee
ye i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey
ioceee ni?eyee i?aoe? c iaaeaaia?/ii? oai??? oi?aae?iiy (A.I.Aeaenthe,
A.I.Aaniaeueei, A.?.Aiiaea?, A.?.?aaeieeiia, A.A.E?a?anueeee, I.A.Ii?ic,
A.A.Naie/aiei, I.O.Oaeec?ia oa ?io?), ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee aeioneieea aeuiai caeeaaeo ina?oe aei
iaeaooiuei? ae?yeueiino? (A.I.Aieei, A.I.Aeo?ae-Iiaaeiaa,
E.A.Eiiae?aoiaa, A.I.Iieyei, N.I.I?eiea?iei oa ?io?), ?aeay
eiioaenoiino? iaa/aiiy o aoc? ye ?aeiino? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oa
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? (A.I.Aa?aeoeueeee, I.I.Ia/a?a) ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ye ?ioaa?aoe?y iaaeaaia?/iiai ?
aeeiiaanueeiai eiiiiiaio?a o oe?e?ni?e i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? (E.A.A?/aaeieeiaa, A.E.Eeei, A.I.Iaaeaeea, A.I.Oeei?i oa
?io?).

Aeey ia?aa??ee a?iioace ? ?ica’ycaiiy iae?aneaieo caaaeaiue aoei
aeei?enoaii niaeo? aca?iiiia’ycaieo IAOIAe?A oai?aoe/iiai, aii??e/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeia ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany i?ioyaii 1991 –
1997 ?ie?a ia aac? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Iieoaanueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo. Ie?ai? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeoaaeeny a Aa?aeyinueeiio,
Ae?iaiaeoeueeiio ? ??aiainueeiio iaae?inoeoooao, a oaeiae o na?aaei?o
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao ??ciiai ??aiy i.Iieoaae, Ie?ai?iaea, Eueaiaa. O
oe?eiio, aeine?aeaeaiiyi aoei ioiieaii 511 nooaeaio?a aeueo caeeaae?a
ina?oe, 12 aeeeaaea/?a ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioa, 3 iaoiaeenoe iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeoeee, 24 a/eoae? ioceee caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ??ciiai oeio.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeiny a i’youe aoai?a:

Ia iiooeiaiio aoai? (1991 – 1994 ??.) cae?enithaaeany oai?aoe/ia
e?enoae?caoe?y ia’?eoa, i?aaeiaoa, iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, aoei aecia/aii
a?iioaco ? noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia aiae?oe/iiio aoai? (1994 ?.) aiae?coaaeeny oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
canaaee i?iaeaie, aoei aeie?aieaii e?eoa??? ioe?ithaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii
iiaeaeue ? oaoiieia?th oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee.

Eiinoaooth/ee aoai (1995 ?.) aoa i?enay/aiee ae?aaiinooaaiith
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a — iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
ioceee.

Ia oi?ioth/iio aoai? (1995 – 1997 ??.) ai?iaiaoaaeany ? ei?eaoaaeany
oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a.

Aa?eo?eaoe?eiee aoai (1996 – 1997 ??.) aeyaea ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiiyooy
“iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea iaenoa?i?noue o/eoaey ioceee”, noai?aii?
?ioaa?aoeaii? iiaeae? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?,
ae??ciaii? e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? o nooaeaio?a. Aia?oa oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iiaeaeue
?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee ye iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a. Ae?noaee
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iieiaeaiiy i?i iaiao?aei?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai
ni?yioaaiiy niaoe?aeueii? oi?oai?aiii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a
iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a aeueo caeeaae?a ina?oe ? iieiaeaiiy i?i
c?inoaiiy ?ioaa?aoeaieo i?ioean?a o ioce/i?e iaaeaaia?oe? aeui? oeiee.

OAI?AOE*IA CIA*OU?NOUe ?iaioe iieyaa? o ?ice?eoo? cia/aiiy no?eaeiaaeo
aeaiaio?a iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? aeey ?aae?caoe??
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio neooaiiy oeiey?aie “aeeaiai”
cao/aiiy ioceee; ae??ciaii? e?eoa???a aioiaiino? nooaeaio?a aei
?aae?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio ye iieacieea ??aiy
noi?iiaaiino? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?; ?ic?iaoe? e
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaa?oiooaaii? iiaeae? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?.

I?AEOE*IA Oe?II?NOUe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a aenia?eiaioaeueii
aeiaaaeai?e aoaeoeaiino? iiaeae? ? oaoiieia?? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a
ia oe? ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee
?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii).

INIAENOEE AIANIE caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaii? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?
a iaa?oiooaaii? aecia/aiiy ? no?oeoo?iiio aiae?c? oaiiiaia
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee ia aoai?
i?aai?caoe?? neooaiiy oeiey?aie “aeeaiai” cao/aiiy ioceee; oai?aoe/iiio
iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue iiaeae? ? oaoiieia??
?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee ye iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?; noai?aii? i?ia?aie
?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii).

A??IA?AeI?NOUe iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue oa ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth eiai
oai?aoe/ieo canaae, iaoeiaeie i?eioeeiaie aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae,
aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a,
aaeaeaaoi?noth iaoiaee/ieo i?ioeaaeo? uiaei ia’?eoa, i?aaeiaoa ?
caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy; ye?niei ? e?euee?niei aiae?cii
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

IA CAOENO AEIINssOUeNss:

iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy nooiino? ? no?oeoo?e iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee;

e?eoa??? ioe?ithaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?;

iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?;

oaoiieia?y oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? o i?ioean?
aea/aiiy ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”
(oi?oai?aii).

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ioceee ? ni?a?a
(1991 – 1994 ??.) oa eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?
(1994 – 1997 ??.) Iieoaanueeiai iaae?inoeoooo, a oaeiae aoee aeeeaaeai?
i?ae /an aenooi?a ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ioce/iee na?o Ai?ena Eyoioeinueeiai” (Ee?a, 1995), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiioeaioe?y aoiai?cio a noaiiaeaii? oa
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe” (Iaeana, 1997),
I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? “Iaaea?iaai? ae?oe: aeyaeaiiy, ae?aaiinoeea ?
?icaeoie” (Iieoaaa, 1995), ? Eiioa?aioe?? anioe?aoe??
i?ai?no?a-iaaeaaia?a Oe?a?ie “Oi?oai?aiia eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie: ?noi??y oa
no/ani?noue” (Ee?a, 1993); ia Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: “?aei?noue iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? o oe?e?niiio
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?” (Iieoaaa, 1995), “I?iaeaie anoaoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy oa ooaeiaeiuei? ina?oe a nenoai? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a” (Iieoaaa, 1995), “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeaioiaea a/eoaey o
aoc?” (Iieoaaa, 1992); Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo:
“?ae?a?eia o?aaeeoe?y a aeooiaiiio a?ae?iaeaeaii? Oe?a?ie” (Iieoaaa,
1992), “I?aaineaa’y ? eoeueoo?a: ?noi??y oa no/ani?noue” (Iieoaaa,
1994), “Aeooiai? nea?ae oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo o aeeoo? iieiae?”
(Oa?iii?eue, 1994) oa Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
ioceee” (Eoaainuee, 1998).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss AI?IAAAeAEAII ia ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiio
oaeoeueoao? Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i.
A.A.Ei?ieaiea, oaeoeueoao? i?aeaioiaee o/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a
Aa?aeyinueeiai iaae?inoeoooo ?i. I.Ae.Ineiaiei.

Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o
10 ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a (4 noaoo? o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 1 noaooy
o iaoeiaiio aeo?iae?, I?ia?aia ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no «Iniiaiee ioce/iee
?ino?oiaio» /oi?oai?aii/, 3 iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeieo ? Anaoe?a?inueeeo
eiioa?aioe?e, iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??).

NO?OEOO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a aei eiaeiiai ?icae?eo, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, 18 aeiaeaoe?a. Iniiaiee oaeno aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe neeaaea? 165 noi??iie ? i?noeoue 7 oaaeeoeue, 8 ?enoie?a. Nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 237 iaeiaioaaiue (c ieo 10 ?ioiiiaieo).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aeeeaaeaii noai
?ic?iaeaiino? aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao,
iaoo, noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco ? caaaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeaii
eiai iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, aeie?aieaii
iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa, a??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? uiaei ?o ai?iaaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, ie?aneaii
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

IA?OEE ?ICAe?E – “Iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea iaenoa?i?noue o/eoaey
ioceee” i?enay/aii iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaiith iiiyooy
“iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea iaenoa?i?noue o/eoaey ioceee”: aecia/aiith
ci?noo, aiae?co no?oeoo?e; ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiinoaoaoe?? noaio noi?iiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a – iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
ioceee.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieea ae?eoe aeniiaeo,
ui ia no/aniiio aoai? ?nio? i?oeia i?aea?oioy aeey
oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy oaiiiaia
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee. Nie?ath/enue ia
?icoi?iiy iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ye eiiieaeno aeanoeainoae
eiai iniaenoino? (?.A.Cycthi, I.I.Oa?anaae/) ? aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? ?ino?oiaioae?noa ye a?eueiiai aieiae?iiy ?ino?oiaioii ?
niaith, yea aeicaiey? inieneaii, a?oenoe/ii, oaoi?/ii aeineiiaei
ao?ethaaoe ioce/iee oa?? o ?aaeueiiio cao/aii? (I.A.Aeaaeaeia), ie
ae?eoee aei aecia/aiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? ye
oaiiiaia aeyao a/eoaeai ioceee naiai “ss” o iaaeaaia?/i?e
ooaeiaeiuei-eiioi?eaoeai?e ae?yeueiino? /a?ac eiiieaen aeanoeainoae eiai
iniaenoino?, yeee caaacia/o? a?eueia aieiae?iiy ioce/iei ?ino?oiaioii ?
niaith o i?ioean? ao?ethaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?aea? ioce/iiai oai?o aeey
aeinyaiaiiy aca?iiae?? ?c iniaeno?noth aeeoeie c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy ??
ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiaaeaii aiae?cii
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee ia aoai?
i?aai?caoe?? neooaiiy oeiey?aie ?? “aeeaiai” cao/aiiy ? a?aeia?aaea?
?noioi? ?ioaa?aoeai? iciaee i?ioeano naii?aae?caoe?? iniaenoino? a/eoaey
o oeueiio o?aaiaio? ae?yeueiino?.

Oai?aoe/ia ni?anoaaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo aoaeia iaaeaaia?/ii? ?
aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? aeicaieeei a?aeiaeoe ?ene c?ieiaiiy ?
noai?eoe ?ioaa?aoeaio iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
a/eoaey ioceee o ?aeiino? no?eaeiaaeo aeaiaio?a: ni?yiiaai?noue
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e (ye iaoa aieeao, iaaecaaaeaiiy),
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea eiiiaoaioi?noue (ye i?ioan?eia i?aea?oioy,
ciaiiy i?aaeiaoa), ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/i? cae?aiino? (ye oiiae c?inoaiiy
iaenoa?iino?), iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea oaoi?ea (ye caniae aieeao).
Eiaeai ?c aeaiaio?a ia? iaaia cia/aiiy aeey ?aae?caoe??
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioce/iiai oai?o, yeee
?icaeyaea?oueny ye oyaeaiiy ? ni?iiiaei?noue o/eoaey noai?eoe oa
ai?aaii ?aae?coaaoe ae?acio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aeioe?eueiiai ca aeoiaieie ?
aeeaeaeoe/ieie caaaeaiiyie oai?o ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa o eia?/iiio
ii?aeiaii? ?c ia?aciith neiaaniith aiioaoe??th, a?aeiia?aeiith a?eiaei
iniaeeainoyi ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy oe?eueii? aoaeeoi???.
*eiieeaie ai?aaiiai ao?eaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioce/ieo oai??a aenooiathoue: aoiai?noe/ia ni?yiiaai?noue
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae??, ?aaeeno?a iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
ae??, noeeueiaa a?aeiia?aei?noue iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe??, a?aiioi?noue caoeiaeeo/aiiy ? iaaeae?caoe??,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ia?ciai?noue o/eoaey a noo?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? ae??, eiai ioce/i? e iaaeaaia?/i? cae?aiino?,
aieiae?iiy oi?oai?aiiith oaoi?eith ? oaoi?eith naii?aaoeyoe?? ?
ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiith eaoaai???th aeey eiiieaeniiai ioe?ithaaiiy ??aiy
noi?iiaaiino? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a
(ioeueiaee, aeaiaioa?iee, aaciaee ? aeineiiaeee) ia?aia aioiai?noue
nooaeaio?a aei ?aae?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioce/iiai oai?o. Noai?aii ea?oo e?eoa??aeueiiai
i?aeoiaeo, yea i?noeoue eiiiiiaioe aioiaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
ioceee ca oaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie: iaoe?ethaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e ia ?icaeoie iniaenoino? o/iy;
iniaeno?nia caaa?aeai?noue ciaiue; i?aai?caoe?y nooaeaioii aeoeaii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? o/i?a. E?eoa???, ?o iieacieee oa iciaee i?iyao aoei
noai?aii ca eia?eith oi?ioee “aie?th — ciath — iiaeo”, aena?oethth/e
noaaeaiiy nooaeaioa AeI… (iioeaaoe?eiee eiiiiiaio aioiaiino?); ciaiiy
nooaeaioa I?I… (eiai?oeaiee eiiiiiaio aioiaiino?); oi?iiy nooaeaioa
UIAeI… (iia?aoe?iiaeueiee eiiiiiaio).

Eiinoaoaoe?y noaio noi?iiaaiino? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee ?ice?eea, ui eeoa iacia/ia e?euee?noue
nooaeaio?a iathoue aeineiiaeee ??aaiue. I?e/eio iaaeinoaoiueiai ??aiy
noi?iiaaiino? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a ie
aaa/a?ii o i?iaeai? ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee, cie?aia, aeeeaaeaii?
eo?no (Ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio( (oi?oai?aii): ia cae?enith?oueny i???ioaoe?y
nooaeaio?a ia iaeaooith ae?yeuei?noue i?e aea/aii? ioce/ieo oai??a;
a?aenooi? iaaeaaia?/ia ni?yioaaiiy eo?no “Ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”; ia
iaeaaiaeaeothoueny ?ioaa?aoeai? ca’ycee ?c aeenoeeie?iaie
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oeeeeo; ia ocaiaeaeothoueny aeiiae oe?eueieo
i?ia?ai c neooaiiy ioceee ?c ci?noii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ieai?a-i?ia?ai
nooaeaio?a; iaei ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny aei?iaie oe?a?inueei?
eiiiiceoi?nueei? oeiee.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai ? ae?aaiinooth/iai aniaeo?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee ia canaaeao
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy eiai
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?.

Ae?OAEE ?ICAe?E – “Iaaeaaia?/ia oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee”
i?enay/aii: iaa?oiooaaiith iiaeae? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
ioceee ye oe?eueiaiai ? ci?noiaiai eiiiiiaio?a ?ino?oiaioaeueii?
i?aeaioiaee; iieno i?ioeaaeo? oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? o i?ioean? aea/aiiy ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee
?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii) ye oaoiieia?/iiai eiiiiiaioa ?ino?oiaioaeueii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee ? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ye eiio?ieueii-ioe?ithaaeueiiai
eiiiiiaioa.

Aeoiaey/e ?c ?icoi?iiy i?ioeano iaa/aiiy o aeu?e oeie? ye i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy (N.?.A?oaiaaeuenueeee, A.I.Aeaenthe), ?ino?oiaioaeueio
i?aeaioiaeo nooaeaio?a ?icaeyiooi c oi/ee ci?o iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee, cie?aia c iaa/aeueii? aeenoeeie?ie
“Ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”.

Eiioeaioe?th iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a i?aaenoaaeaii o no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei?e iiaeae?
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee, yea
ioiieth? no?oeoo?o iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? (iaaoooy
ni?yiiaaiino?, aeinyaiaiiy eiiiaoaioiino?, ?icaeoie cae?aiinoae,
ica?i?iiy oaoi?eith) ? ?ice?eaa? ooieoe?? iaaeaaia?/iiai ea?oaaiiy
ae?yeuei?noth nooaeaio?a (ieaioaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?y, aiae?c, eiio?ieue).
?ioaa?iaai? ciaiiy, oi?iiy oa iaae/ee (?ino?oiaioaeueii-aeeiiaanuee?,
ioce/ii-oai?aoe/i?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?, iaoiaee/i?) ia’?aeiaii o
eiioeaio?e ? ni?aa?aeianaii ?c e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii iaa/aiiy
?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no o aeaeyae? ina?oiuei-eaae?o?eaoe?eieo aeiia.

Aea/aiiy eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii) no?oeoo?iaaii
iaaeiei ?ioaa?aoeaieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? (iiiieia, ae?aeia, iie?eia) oa
noeeueiai? a?aeiia?aeiino? ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo (aei?iaie eeaaanei?no?a,
a?aeainueea eeaneea, ?iiaioeci, iino?iiaioeci, ?ii?an?ii?ci, no/ania
ioceea oiui).

Aeeaeaeoe/ia eiino?othaaiiy oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee o
i?ioean? ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee aeeeaaeaii /a?ac ?aae?caoe?th
i?eioeei?a iaa/aiiy ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no (aeea. ?en. 2.1.).

?iaeea?aeoaeueia i?aeoe/ia caiyooy c ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioa
i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeiny oaeei aeieai: ae?aaiinoeea ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ??aiy
aioiaiino? nooaeaioa aei iaaeaaia?/ii? ooaeiaeiuei-eiioi?eaoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey ioceee; iaaiai?aiiy iniiaieo oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue, i?ia?aeieo i?iaeai ci?noo iaa/aiiy ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no;
?icaeoie ? o?aioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo oi?iue oa iaae/ie
nooaeaio?a ca?aeii c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie ?iai/eie ieaiaie; iiaeaethaaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-eiioi?eaoeaieo neooaoe?e iaeaooiuei? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?. Aioiai?noue nooaeaioa aei ?aae?caoe??
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio neooaiiy oeiey?aie “aeeai?” ioceee
iiaeia aoei i?inoaaeeoe o eia?oe? iiae?e: noai?aiiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ioce/iiai oai?o o ?aeiino? c iiaeaii?aei ioi?ieaiiyi —
a?oenoe/ia aeiianaiiy aei o/i?a ci?noo eiiiiceoi?nueeiai caaeoio —
aeinyaiaiiy aiioe?eiiai a?aeaoeo ia “aeeaa” aeeiiaiiy oai?o — oi?ioaaiiy
ioe?iiiai noaaeaiiy aei oai??a ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa — oi?ioaaiiy
ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e oeiey??a ye iaa?ae’?iii? /anoeie ?o aeooiaii?
eoeueoo?e.

Oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a iioeaaoe?eiiai, eiai?oeaiiai, iia?aoe?iiaeueiiai
eiiiiiaio?a aioiaiino? aei ?aae?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai
caaeoio neooaiiy oeiey?aie “aeeai?” ioceee cae?enithaaeiny ca
aeiiiiiaith ?icia?ooy iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a i?aai?caoe??
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoe/iiai caiyooy (i?iaeaiia aan?aea; aiae?c
aoae?i-a?aeaicaien?a o?aaiaio?a oe?eueieo caiyoue, ii??aiyiiy ??cieo
?ioa?i?aoaoe?e, ?aaeaeoe?? ioce/iiai oai?o; iiaeaethaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo
neooaoe?e neooaiiy oeiey?aie “aeeai?” ioceee oa ?ioa).

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ai?iaaoe?y aoaeoeaiino? iiaeae? iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy ? oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee i?iaiaeeeany ia aac?
Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.A.Ei?ieaiea a
oiiaao i?e?iaeiueiai ia?aa?ao iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano i?ioyaii 1995 – 1997
??. Ia aoai? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo a?aee o/anoue 83 nooaeaioe I – V
eo?n?a ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo niaoe?aeueiino? 7.010104,
7.020411 “Ii/aoeiaa iaa/aiiy ? ioce/ia aeoiaaiiy”; 5 aeeeaaea/?a
“Iniiaiiai ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioa” (oi?oai?aii) eaoaae?e ioceee ? ni?a?a,
3 iaoiaeenoe iaaei?aeoeee. Aea??eo nooaeaio?a aoei iiae?eaii ia
aenia?eiaioaeueio ? eiio?ieueio a?oie (AA ? EA), a?aeiia?aeii – 41 ? 42
nooaeaioe. Aea/aiiy eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” nooaeaioaie
eiio?ieueii? a?oie i?ioiaeeei ca o?aaeeoe?eiith iaoiaeeeith. ?c
nooaeaioaie aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie 3 aeeeaaea/? (?acii ?c
aeine?aeieeii) i?aoethaaee ca ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith ?ioaa?iaaiiai
eo?no oa iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie. C iaoith eiio?ieth aeeiai?ee
oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?, ie??i
ae?aaiinooth/iai (aania 1995 ?.) ? i?aenoieiaiai (ainaie 1997?.),
cae?eniaii ua aeaa eiio?ieueieo i?ii?aeieo aei??thaaiiy (aania 1996?.,
aania 1997?.). An? aei??thaaiiy aeeiioaaeeny ca ?ic?iaeaieie iaoiaeeeaie
(aieaooaaiiy, aenia?oi? ioe?ii? oi?ie). ?acoeueoaoe /ioe?ueio
aei??thaaiue: ae?aaiinooth/iai, aeaio eiio?ieueieo ? i?aenoieiaiai –
iaaaaeaii o oaae. 2.1.

Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ia ii/aoeo aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ? i?ney ??
caaa?oaiiy aeyaeei e?euee?ni? ci?ie o ??ai? noi?iiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueii?
a?oie. Oae, aeiaeai nooaeaio AA ia caeeoeany ia ioeueiaiio ??ai?
(ii??aiy?ii c 24,39 % ca aeo?aeieie aeaieie). ?c 65,85 % aei 7,32 %
ciaioeeany e?euee?noue nooaeaio?a AA, ye? iathoue aeaiaioa?iee ??aaiue
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?, iaoii?noue c?inea e?euee?noue
nooaeaio?a, ye? iathoue aaciaee ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? (c 9,76 aei 51,22 %). C?ooaiiy
uiaei aeineiiaeiai ??aiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
neeaaeathoue i?ia?an a?ae 0 aei 41,46 %.

Oaaeeoey 2.1

Aeeiai?ea oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? (IAI)

nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? (AA) ? eiio?ieueii? (EA) a?oi

??ai? Aoaie aei??thaaiiy

IAI ae?aaiinooth/a ? i?ii?aeia

nooaeaioe AA nooaeaioe EA nooaeaioe AA nooaeaioe EA

e?euee. % e?euee % e?euee. % e?euee %

ioeueiaee 10 24,39 10 23,81 6 14,63 9 21,43

aeaiaioa?iee 27 65,85 27 64,29 24 58,54 29 69,05

aaciaee 4 9,76 4 9,52 9 21,95 4 9,52

aeineiiaeee 0 0 1 2,38 2 4,88 0 0

41 100 42 100 41 100 42 100

??ai? Aoaie aei??thaaiiy

IAI ?? i?ii?aeia i?aenoieiaa

nooaeaioe AA nooaeaioe EA nooaeaioe AA nooaeaioe EA

e?euee % e?euee % e?euee % e?euee %

ioeueiaee 3 7,32 11 26,19 0 0 10 23,81

aeaiaioa?iee 10 24,39 27 64,29 3 7,32 29 69,05

aaciaee 23 56,10 3 7,14 21 51,22 3 7,14

aeineiiaeee 5 12,20 1 2,38 17 41,46 0 0

41 100 42 100 41 100 42 100

?acoeueoaoe cae?eniaii? ?iaioe aeaee iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe
OCAAAEUeITHTH*? AENIIAEE:

 Oai?aoe/ia inieneaiiy i?iaeaie aeicaieeei aecia/eoe
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeo iaenoa?i?noue ye oaiiiai aeyao a/eoaeai ioceee
naiai “ss” o iaaeaaia?/i?e ooaeiaeiuei-eiioi?eaoeai?e ae?yeueiino? /a?ac
eiiieaen aeanoeainoae eiai iniaenoino?, ye? caaacia/othoue a?eueia
aieiae?iiy ioce/iei ?ino?oiaioii ? niaith o i?ioean? ao?ethaaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?aea? ioce/iiai oai?o aeey aeinyaiaiiy aca?iiae?? ?c
iniaeno?noth aeeoeie.

Ooai?aia ia oe? oai?aoe/iiai ni?anoaaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo aoaeia
iaaeaaia?/ii? oa aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? ?ioaa?aoeaia iiaeaeue
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee aeiaaea aeanio
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue o iaaeaaia?/i?e ?aaeueiino? ye ?aei?noue ni?yiiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e o/eoaey, eiai iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
eiiiaoaioiino?, ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo cae?aiinoae ?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? oaoi?ee.

 Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeei iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy eaoaai???
“aioiai?noue” aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee.
Aioiai?noue iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee aei ?aae?caoe??
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai caaeoio ia?aaeaa/a? iayai?noue
iioeaaoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioa (oa?aeoa?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aie?iue
iniaenoino?), eiai?oeaiiai eiiiiiaioa (??aiy i?ioan?eii? eiiiaoaioiino?
o ?aeiino? ioce/iiai, iaaeaaia?/iiai ? caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai aeaiaio?a),
iia?aoe?iiaeueiiai eiiiiiaioa (??aiy i?ioan?eii? aeoeaiino? iniaenoino?
oa oi?i ?? ?aae?caoe??). Ae??ciaiiy e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy aioiaiino?
nooaeaio?a, ?o iieaciee?a ? iciae i?iyao oiiaeeeaeei ae?aaiinooaaiiy
noaio noi?iiaaiino? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a ioceee ca oaeeie ia?aiao?aie: iaoe?ethaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e ia ?icaeoie iniaenoino? o/iy;
iniaeno?nia caaa?aeai?noue i?ioan?eieo ciaiue; i?ioan?eia aeoeai?noue a
i?aai?caoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? o/i?a ia o?ioe?.

?acoeueoaoe ae?aaiinooth/iai aei??thaaiiy noi?iiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a aeueo caeeaae?a ina?oe aeicaieeee eiinoaooaaoe ?nioth/ee
iacaaeia?eueiee noai ona?aeiieaiiy iaeaooi?ie a/eoaeyie ioceee
ni?yiiaaiino? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e, iaaeinoaoith
eiiiaoaioi?noue uiaei i?aai?caoe?? neooaiiy “aeeai?” ioceee ia o?ioe?,
iayai?noue i?eaeecieo ciaiue ?o ?aae?caoe??, a?aenooi?noue ae??aiai
aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? ni?eeoaaiiy ae?oae ?c ioceeith oa aeioe?eueii?
aeeiiaanueei? eoeueoo?e. A oe?eiio, aeai? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioa
cao?enoaaee aeii?ioth/ei aeaiaioa?iee ??aaiue iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a i?e iacia/iiio aaciaiio.

 Eo?n “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii), ye iieacaei
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaea noaoe oai?/ith eaai?aoi???th i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee aei a?eueiiai aieiae?iiy ?ino?oiaioii ?
niaith, iaenoa?-eeanii nooae?thaaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai ? aeeiiaanueeiai
eiiiiiaio?a oe??? i?aeaioiaee ca oiiae ?o i?oeiiai c?ieiaiiy,
aca?iii?iieeiaiiy, aca?iiae??. Iaaiith iiaeaeeth ?ino?oiaioaeueii?
i?aeaioiaee iiaeia aaaaeaoe oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaio ? aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??aio no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueio iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee, aeeeaaeaio o ina?oiuei-i?ioan?ei?e i?ia?ai?
?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii). Ci?no
iaa/aiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai eo?no noaiiaeoue ?icai?iooee o /an? i?ioean
?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee, oeaio?iaaiee
iaaeiei ?ioaa?aoeaieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ca nooiaiai oneeaaeiaiiy
(iiiieia, ae?aeia, iie?eia) ? noeeueiai? a?aeiia?aeiino? ioce/iiai
iaoa??aeo (?ieiei, aa?iei, eeaneoeeci, ?iiaioeci, ?ii?an?ii?ci, no/ania
ioceea). Eia?ea i?ioan?eii-i???ioiaaiiai iaa/aiiy ia?aaeaa/a? oi?ioaaiiy
ni?yiiaaiino? iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo ae?e, iaaoooy
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? eiiiaoaioiino?, ?icaeoie
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo cae?aiinoae, ica?i?iiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueeith
oaoi?eith ? i?noeoue ii?yae ?c ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeeie caaaeaiiyie
(noeeueiaa a?aeiia?aei?noue ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, a?aiioi?noue caoeiaeeo/aiiy,
ienoaoeoai iaaeae?caoe??, oaoi?/ia aeineiiae?noue) ?ica’ycaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue (aecia/aiiy iaoe, iaaecaaaeaiiy; ?ic?iaea
?aaeeno?e caaeoio; aeia?? cania?a aeoea?caoe?? ni?eeiaiiy oeiey?aie,
i?eeii?a naii?aaoeyoe??; ?ic?iaea no?aoaa?? ni?eeoaaiiy).

I?aaenoaaeaia oaoiieia?y oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? i?noeoue eiie?aoi? oi?ie, iaoiaee, niiniae ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaioa ? aeeeaaea/a ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioa, iine?aeiai?noue ?o ae?e o
i?ioean? aea/aiiy ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”
(oi?oai?aii) aeey iinooiiaiai c?inoaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? oao?aoey iiai? aaia?aoe??.

Aeai? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo, cae?eniaiiai ca ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith
?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii), aeaee
iiaeeea?noue eiinoaooaaoe cia/i? c?ooaiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino?
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueii?
a?oie. Ia?iaea noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo i?aeoaa?aeaeo?: a?eueoa iieiaeie
nooaeaio?a aeinyaee aaciaiai ? aeineiiaeiai ??ai?a
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?. Ii??aiyiiy ye?nieo ?
e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a o aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ? eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao
i?aeoaa?aeeei iaaeaaia?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? ?
cai?iaaaeaeaii? oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? nooaeaio?a.

 O oe?eiio, aeeiiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei noi?ioeueiaaio iaie
a?iioaco ? aeaei ciiao ae?eoe caaaeueiiai aeniiaeo — ??aaiue
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee
cia/ii c?inoa? ca oiia oe?eani?yiiaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii eiai ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee, ui aaco?oueny ia
i?eioeeiao:

iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo o ?ic?iaoe? ci?noo iaa/aiiy ye
?aeiino? canai?iiy aaciaeo iieiaeaiue eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee
?ino?oiaio” c ?aae?caoe??th caaaeaiue iaaeaaia?/ii?
ooaeiaeiuei-eiioi?eaoeaii? ae?yeueiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee o
i?ioean? iaa/aeueieo caiyoue ? i?aeoeee /a?ac cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ioaa?aoeaieo iiaeaeae ae?yeueiino?;

i???ioaoe?? ia oai?/o aeoeai?noue nooaeaio?a, naiiaeooae?caoe?? ?o o
oi?ioaaii? no?eaeiaaeo aeaiaio?a iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino?, ui caaacia/o?oueny oi?ioaaiiyi oi?iue ? iaae/ie
naiino?eii? ?iaioe nooaeaio?a iaae ioce/iei oaenoii, canoinoaaiiyi
iaoiaeo ane?ciiai canai?iiy oi?oai?aiieo oai??a, oe?ieei oi?iaaaeaeaiiyi
oai?/iai ioceeoaaiiy;

eiioaenoiino? iaa/aiiy ye aeinyaiaiiy ocaiaeaeaiino? ci?noo aoc?anueei?
niaoe?aeueii? oi?oai?aiii? i?aeaioiaee oa aeiia oe?eueieo i?ia?ai oeyoii
aea/aiiy eiaeiiai ioce/iiai c?acea ?c o?aooaaiiyi ineoieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ? iaoiae?a aeoea?caoe?? ni?eeiyooy oeiey?aie oa
a?aeiaoiaeaeaiiy ?o i?noey o iaeaooi?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?;

?ioaa?aoe?? iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue eo?no “Iniiae iaaeaaia?/ii?
iaenoa?iino?” c eo?nii “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio” (oi?oai?aii),
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca’yce?a c oeeeeii i?ioan?eii —
i???ioiaaieo aeenoeeie?i;

i??i?eoaoo o aeiai?? iaa/aeueiiai ?aia?ooa?o nooaeaio?a aei?iaeo
oe?a?inueei? eiiiiceoi?nueei? oeiee ye eiiiiiaioa na?oiai? ioce/ii?
eoeueoo?e e??cue i?ecio ?? noeeueiaeo canaae;

eiioeaio?ecio aeeeaaeaiiy iaoa??aeo eo?no aeey iiaeaiaioiiai aea/aiiy,
ia??iaee/iiai aaaaoi?aciaiai iiaoi?aiiy c oneeaaeiaiiyi ci?noo,
iaoiae?a, oi?i oiui.

5. Aaaaeaiiy ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”
(oi?oai?aii) ni?e/eieei ?ic?iaeo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye?
aae?aniaai? nooaeaioai ? aeeeaaea/ai ioce/iiai ?ino?oiaioa ?
a?aeaeaathoue aeiiae i?ia?aie ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no.

Aeeiiaia ?iaioa ia ae/a?io? an?o aniaeo?a ii?ooaii? i?iaeaie.
?ica’ycaiiy iio?aaothoue ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c aea/aiiyi oaiiiaia
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? i?e aeeiiaii? ?ioeo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey ioceee, ?ic?iaee aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo iaoiaeee
oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?, iioei?caoe?? oi?i
iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no “Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio”
(oi?oai?aii), ui noaiiaeoue i?aaeiao iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo IOAE?EAOe?ssO aaoi?a:

1. Iinoiaa ?.A. Iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea iaenoa?i?noue o/eoaey ioceee
(( Ienoaoeoai oa ina?oa. — 1998. — ? 2. — N.46-51.

2. Iinoiaa ?.A. Oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee (( Iaaeaaia?ea oa ineoieia?y: Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue ( Aie. ?aae. aeaae. I?ieiiaiei ?.O. — Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1997. —
Aei.5. — N.193-198.

3. Iinoiaa ?.A. Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee (( Iaoe. caienee ineoieia.-iaae. o-oo: Ca.
noaoae o 3-o //. — Iieoaaa: Three S & J, 1997. — *. ?. — N.89-96.

4. Iinoiaa ?.A. ?ino?oiaioaeueia i?aeaioiaea iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee
ye i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy eiai iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? ((
Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
ioceee: Ca??iee noaoae ca iaoa??aeaie Anaoe?. iaoe.-iaoiae. eiio.
(Eoaainuee, 20-25 ea?oiy 1998 ?.) ( ?aae. eie.: E.A.Aca?iaa oa ?i. —
Eoaainuee: EAeI?, 1998. — N.60-62.

5. Iinoiaa ?.A. Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe /eoaiiy iioiiai oaenoo ((
Oi?oai?aiia eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie: ?noi??y oa no/ani?noue: Ca. noaoae ?
Eiioa?aioe?? anioe?aoe?? i?ai?no?a-iaaeaaia?a Oe?a?ie. — Ee?a, 1993. —
N.119-124.

6. Iniiaiee ioce/iee ?ino?oiaio (oi?oai?aii): Ina?oiuei-i?ioan?eia
i?ia?aia ?ioaa?iaaiiai eo?no aeey niaoe. 7.010104, 7.020411 “Ii/aoeiaa
iaa/aiiy ? ioce/ia aeoiaaiiy”/ Oee. ?.A.Iinoiaa. — Iieoaaa, 1996. — 69
n.

7. Iinoiaa ?.A. Iaeaooi?e o/eoaeue ioceee e iaaea?iaai? ae?oe ((
Iaoa??aee I?aeia?. nai?ia?o “Iaaea?iaai? ae?oe: aeyaeaiiy, ae?aaiinoeea
? ?icaeoie”. — Iieoaaa, 1995. — N.139-140.

8. Iinoiaa ?.A. Aeooiaii-anoaoe/iee iioaioe?ae iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
ioceee (( Iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe.-i?. eiio. “I?iaeaie anoaoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy oa ooaeiaeiuei? ina?oe a nenoai? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a”. — Iieoaaa, 1995. — N.175-178.

9. Iinoiaa ?.A. I?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei?
iaenoa?iino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee (( A?niee Iieoaanueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo ?i. A.A.Ei?ieaiea: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — Iieoaaa,
1998. — Na??y “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee”. — Aeione ??. — O. 1 —
N.201-208.

10. Oaoiieia?y oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ( Oee.
?.A.Iinoiaa. — Iieoaaa, 1998. — 24 n.

Iinoiaa ?.A. Oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. —
Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a aeueo caeeaae?a iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe aei aoaeoeaii?
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia aoai? i?aai?caoe?? neooaiiy oeiey?aie
“aeeaiai” cao/aiiy ioceee.

Iaa?oioiaaii nooi?noue, no?oeoo?o ? e?eoa??? oaiiiaia
iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey ioceee.

?ic?iaeaii e aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aii iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueei? iaenoa?iino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee, yea aaco?oueny ia iaaeaaia?/iiio
ni?yioaaii? ?ino?oiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaioiaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeey nooaeaio?a ? aeeeaaea/?a aeui? oeiee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaeaaia?/ii-aeeiiaanueea iaenoa?i?noue,
?ino?oiaioaeueia i?aeaioiaea, iaaeaaia?/ia oi?aae?iiy, oaoiieia?y.

Iinoiaay E.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea iaaeaaiae/aneiai e eniieieoaeueneiai
ianoa?noaa aoaeouaai o/eoaey iocuee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. —
Eoaaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee einoeooo ei.
O.A.Oaa/aiei, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia eino?oiaioaeueiie iiaeaioiaee
nooaeaioia aoca e aooaeoeaiie i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe ia yoaia
i?aaiecaoeee neooaiey oeieueieeaie “aeeaiai” cao/aiey iocuee.

Iainiiaaiu nouiinoue, no?oeoo?a e e?eoa?ee oaiiiaia ianoa?noaa
iaaeaaiaa-eniieieoaey.

?ac?aaioaia e yenia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?aia iiaeaeue iaaeaaiae/aneiai
oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey iaaeaaiae/aneiai e eniieieoaeueneiai
ianoa?noaa aoaeouaai o/eoaey iocuee, eioi?ay aace?oaony ia
iaaeaaiae/aneie iai?aaeaiinoe eino?oiaioaeueiie iiaeaioiaee.

Ia iniiaa ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey iiaeaioiaeaiu iaoiaee/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey nooaeaioia e i?aiiaeaaaoaeae aunoae oeieu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ianoa?noai iaaeaaiaa-eniieieoaey, eino?oiaioaeueiay
iiaeaioiaea, iaaeaaiae/aneia oi?aaeaiea, oaoiieiaey.

Mostovaya I.V. Mastery learning of teaching and performing proficiency
for future music teacher. — Manuskript.

The dissertation for conferring the Candidate Science (Pedagogical)
Degree by speciality 13.00.01 — Theory and History of Pedagogics. —
Lugansk State Pedagogical Universite named after Taras Shevchenco,
1998.

The dissertation is devoted to problem of performance training higher
school students to effective professional activity in situation of alive
music perception by pupils.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree includes ground of specific content,
structure and criterias of teaching and performing proficiency
phenomenon.

The pedagogical management model of mastery learning for future music
teacher is elaborated and experimental examined. It is based on
pedagogical orientation of performance training.

The methodical advice for higher school students and teachers are
prepared on the research material.

Key terms: teaching and performing proficiency, performance training,
pedagogical management, technology.

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