5

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea

AIEIN Ia??y Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 37.036 :7.018.11

Oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao
n?i’?

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue –1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? oa iiaeo ina?oi?o
oaoiieia?e Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?auoe
A?eai??e Aaneeueiae/, Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

Aooaiei Aieiaeeie? A?eai?iae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aieiaa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai eiiieaeno

oi?aa?neoaoo, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

THoeaae/ TH??e ?aaaiiae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaai?aoi??? anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. A?iieoey

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “26” eenoiiaaea 1999?. i “10” aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 58.053.01 i?e
Oa?iii?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea ca aae?anith 46027, i. Oa?iii?eue, aoe.
I.E?eaiiina, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea ca
aae?anith: 46027, i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe. I.E?eaiiina, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “25” aeiaoiy 1999?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.I.Iaoi/oe

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I???ioaoe?y ia ?icaeoie iniaenoino?, ?aae?caoe?th
?? aeooiaii-anoaoe/ieo iio?aa neeaaea? nueiaiaei? iniiao iaoeiaeo
iiooe?a, ye? ? aeooaeueieie aeey aoiai?oa?ii?, nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii?
noa?e noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Aeooaeuei?noue ? i??i?eoaoi?noue i?iaeaie
anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy i?aeneeth?oueny ua e oei, ui iniaeno?nia nenoaia
aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae o/i?anueei? iieiae?, oi?ioaaiiy o ieo
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie eoeueoo?e
iniaenoino? a oe?eiio.

Oi?ioaaiiy anoaoe/ieo ?aeaae?a oa ii/ooo?a, aiioe?eiiai ni?eeiyooy
aeooiaii? ? iaoa??aeueii? eoeueoo?e, canai?iiy iiiyooy e?ane oa
ona?aeiieaiiy ?? aoaeii?a iin?aeathoue /?eueia i?noea o nenoai?
aeoiaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? o/iy a no/ani?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e oeie?.
Aea?aeaaia iaoe?iiaeueia i?ia?aia “Ina?oa”(Oe?a?ia OOI noie?ooy)
ie?aneth? oeyoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe, aecia?
iaiao?aei?noue “caaacia/aiiy anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?,
iaieiae?iiy oe?iiinoyie ??cieo aaeocae ienoaoeoaa”. (Aea?aeaaia
iaoe?iiaeueia i?ia?aia “Ina?oa. Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy «.– E.: ?aeaeoaa,
1996.– N. 24).

Iniaeeaa ?ieue o anoaoe/iiio aeoiaaii? iaeaaeeoue ienoaoeoao, o oiio
/ene? ioceoe?. Caeo/aiiy aei ia? ia eeoa i?aeaeuo? ooaeiaei?e iioaioe?ae
iniaenoino?, a e iia?e?co? ?? aeooiai? ?ano?ne, ni?ey? ae?iaeaiith
anoaoe/iiai niaeo.

Iath/e aace?/ noee?a oa aeai??a, aeeiioth/e ?yae nioe?aeueieo ooieoe?e,
ioceea aenooia? ia o?eueee a ?ie? “naiino?eiiai” ienoaoeoaa, a e
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?ioeo ooaeiaei?o yaeu ? iaa?oue ye aeaiaio iiaooo.
Ca aeneiaii nioe?ieia?a, no/ania ioce/ia ienoaoeoai ia?aoai?eeiny a
aeonoe/iee noi?ia?ae, nai???aeiee «aeiiiaiaiaio» iianyeaeaiii?
ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. Iaeyne?aa?oiai i?iyao oeae oaeo iaaoaa? na?aae
oeiey??a. ?acoeueoaoe nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ca?ae/aoue, ui o
no?oeoo?? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o/i?a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ioceea
iin?aea? nueiaiaei? iaeia c iaeia?oeo i?noeue, a ca ianyaii
“niiaeeaaiiy” aeia?aaeaea? an? aeaee ienoaoeoaa. I?iaaaeaiee iaie
eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oea: 82 a?aenioee iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a neooathoue ioceeo iino?eii, 13 – ai?ciaee/ii, 5 – ia
neooathoue. Ano?aaei?e ioceoe? iaaeathoue ia?aaaao 86 a?aenioe?a
?aniiiaeaio?a, 17 a?aenioe?a – ia?iaei?e ? 13 a?aenioe?a – eeane/i?e.
A?aeaeath/e ia?aaaao o?e /e ?io?e ioceoe?, o/i? aeineoue ii-??ciiio
oyaeythoue nia? ci?no oeueiai aeaeo ienoaoeoaa. Naia ooo i?eoiaaia iaeia
c iaeaeeaoeo ? iaeneeaaei?oeo noia?a/iinoae i?ae iioaioe?eiith
oe?ii?noth ioceee a onueiio ?? ianyc? oa aeooaeueiith cia/ou?noth aeey
o/iy.

Nioe?ieoeueoo?ia neooaoe?y i?aeaeuaiiai ?ioa?ano aei ioceee,
?ioaineai?noue eiioaeoo c iath o/i?anueei? iieiae? coiiaeththoue
iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeooiaiiai
?icaeoeo iniaenoino? caniaaie ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, iiooeo oeyo?a
?aae?caoe?? eiai aeoiaiiai aieeao.

Aeine?aeaeaiith i?iaeaie ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy i?enayoeee nai?
i?aoe? oae? a/ai?: A.Aooaiei, E.Eiaaeue, A.Iaaeaeea, I.?oaeieoeueea,
TH.THoeaae/ oa ?i. Aea/aiiy oe??? i?iaeaie iieaco?, ui oi?ioaaiith
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e ni?eythoue ??ciiiai?oi? /eiieee, o?nii
iia’ycai? i?ae niaith, aei yeeo iaeaaeeoue, ia?o ca ana, a?aeiia?aeii
i?aai?ciaaia aeeeaaeaiiy ioceee a oeie?. Iaeiae i?iaeaia ia iiaea aooe
oni?oii ae??oaia aac o?niiai eiioaeoo oeiee c n?i’?th, iniaeeai a
iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe?, eiee aieea n?i’? ? aeii?ioth/ei
(I.Aaoeoa?ia, A.?acoiiee A.Oaoeueea, E.sseianii).

O Aea?aeaai?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? “Ina?oa” (Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy)
aia?oa aeae?eaii ?icae?e “?iaeeiia aeoiaaiiy”, o yeiio eaeaoueny i?i oa,
ui iaiao?aeii noai?eoe oiiae aeey ineoieia?/iiai ? o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino?. Oi?ioaaiiy o ae?oae ooaeiaei?o iio?aa, niae?a, ?ioa?an?a
cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae oi?eiai ii?aeiaiiy aaoueeaie ei?eniiai ?
i?ae?aniiai, aeeai? aiioe?eiino? ? iiaoe/iino? oai??a ienoaoeoaa.

Iniaeeaee aieea ia aeeoeio n?i’y ia? naia o ?aii?e ia??iae ?? ?icaeoeo,
eiee aaoueee oa ?io? /eaie n?i’? ? aeey ia? iaeaaoi?eoaoi?oeie iniaaie.
O aeoiaaii? ?ieue n?i’? ioe?ith?oueny iaeaeua, ai naia c iath 86
a?aenioe?a iieoaieo iaie o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo iia’ycoaaee
nai? oni?oe ? iaaaea/?. ?? aieiaia aeooiaia neea aeyaey?oueny o
aioo??oiuei-n?iaeieo, ?iaeeiieo noinoieao, ineoieia?/iith iniiaith yeeo
aenooia? i?e?iaeia i?eoeeuei?noue, aeeoy/a aeia??a. Oiio aeeoeia
i?aeaea?oueny aieeao n?i’? a?eueoa, i?ae aoaeue-yeiio ?ioiio, /a?ac ui
aiia aenooia? iniiaiei oaeoi?ii oni?oiiai aeoiaaiiy. Ae?oe, ye? ?inoooue
iica n?i’?th, cia/ii a?eueoith i??ith i?aeaeathoueny iaaaciaoe?
iaeiinoi?iiiueiai /e cai?ci?eiai ?icaeoeo, i?ae o?, ui aeeaooue o n?i’?.

Aeeoeia a n?i’? iaea?aeo? ia?o? ciaiiy ? a?aaeaiiy i?i iaaeieeoi?e na?o
? aeeooy. A n?i’? oi?iothoueny nioe?aeuei?, ineoieia?/i?, ii?aeuei?,
anoaoe/i? iniiae ethaenueei? iniaenoino?. Oiio a/aieie aeine?aeaeoaaeeny
oae? ieoaiiy, ye aecia/aiiy ooieoe?? n?i’? (A.E?aaaoeue,
I.Iaoeeianueeee, A.Oa?/aa), i?iaeaie eoeueoo?e ? aeooiaiino? a no/ani?e
n?i’? (I.Nieiaeia), e?eca n?i’? oa oeyoe ?? iiaeieaiiy (A.Ai?enia),
iiiyooy n?iaeiiai uanoy ? ni?eeoaaiiy a ?iaeei? (TH.Aca?ia, A.Aieei),
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo n?i’? (?.Aanooaeaa-Eaaea), aeica?eey aaouee?a oa
?oi?o ae?oae (I.Aaa?eethe), ia?aaea/a oa caa?aaeaiiy ia?iaeieo
o?aaeeoe?e a n?i’? (A.Iiiiia?ueia, A.*aiae?a), oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
aeoiaiiai iioaioe?aeo n?i’? (A.Aioiiia oa ?i).

I?ae??oioyi aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e a oiiaao n?i’? neoaothoue ?aea? uiaei oe?iiinoae ?iaeeiiiai
aeoiaaiiy, aena?oeai? a ioae?eaoe?yo O.Aeaen??iei, I.Aeieoe?ii?,
A.E?aaoey, A.Iinoiaiai, I.Noaeueiaoiae/a, I.No?aeueieeiai?, I.Ua?aaiy.

Iaeiae o nenoaiiiio aeaeyae? i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’? ua ia aea/aeany. Ie?ai?
aaoi?e aena?oeththoue aeaye? aniaeoe icia/aii? i?iaeaie. Oae, o
aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? iaoeiaeo ?ica?aeeao ?icaeyaeathoueny
ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy o iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ioe?iiiai noaaeaiiy aei ae?acieo
cania?a ioceee (TH.Nieieianueeee), ?o oai?/i? aeoeaiino? o i?ioean?
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy (I.Eiaiaa), anoaoe/ia aeoiaaiiy iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a ia ia?iaeieo ioce/ieo o?aaeeoe?yo (?.Oa?ai), oi?ioaaiiy
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae oeiey??a a oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie “n?i’y – oeiea – onoaiiae eoeueoo?e”
(N.Aieei), ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo ?ioa?an?a o/i?a caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee
(I.Aeai’yi/oe), no?eeiai ?ioa?ano aei ia?iaeii? ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? a
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean? i?aai?caoe?? aeica?eey (E.Aieei),
oi?ioaaiiy iaae/ie ioce/iiai ni?eeiaiiy iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
(O.Aei?ioaiei), aca?iiae?y n?i’? ? oeiee o aeoiaaii? ae?oae
(O.E?aa/aiei), n?i’y ye oaeoi? oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ieo ?ioa?an?a iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a (I.Caiioeia).

Iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? n?i’? o oi?ioaaii? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a iaoiiaeth?oueny o?oaeiiuaie, iia’ycaieie
c ea??aieoeoaii i?ioeanii ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a n?i’?, iniaeeai o a?oe?,
eiee ?? aieea ? aeii?ioth/ei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e a
oiiaao n?i’? oo?oaeith?oueny e /a?ac oa, ui iiiyooy “ioce/ii-anoaoe/i?
i???ioaoe??” ua ia io?eiaei /?oeiai iaoeiaiai ia??oiooaaiiy. Oaeei
/eiii, iano?eia iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e a oiiaao n?i’? coiiaeaia eia?eith
?icaeoeo iaoeiai? aeoiee, oai?aoe/ieo iniia ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy.

Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia cia/aiiy oa iaaeinoaoiy iaoeiaa ?ic?iaeai?noue
i?iaeaie coiiaeee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy –
“Oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao
n?i’?”.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? aoiaeeoue aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? oa iiaeo ina?oi?o oaoiieia?e
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea ye neeaaeiaa oaie ”Oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? o/iy
no/anii? iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee”.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio ia??oiooaaii? iiiyooy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e noiniaii iieiaeoeo oeiey??a oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ui caaacia/othoue ?o
aoaeoeaia oi?ioaaiiy a oiiaao n?i’?.

Iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaea ?iai/a a?iioaca i?i oa, ui aoaeoeai?noue
oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao
n?i’? aoaea c?inoaoe, yeui o ae?oae ? aaouee?a noi?iiaaiee no?eeee
?ioa?an aei ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, ? iaiao?aeiee caian
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue, cae?enith?oueny eiiieaenia aeei?enoaiiy
??cieo aeae?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? c a?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe oa a?iioace aecia/aii oae? caaaeaiiy:

– ia iniia? aiae?co o?einionueei?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa
ienoaoeoaiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? i???ioaoe??
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ooi/ieoe ?? nooi?noue noiniaii ae?oae iieiaeoiai
oe?eueiiai a?eo;

– aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii aecia/eoe e?eoa???, iieacieee oa ??ai?
noi?iiaaiino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao
n?i’?;

– ia??oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, ui
ni?eyoeiooue aoaeoeaiiio oi?ioaaiith ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e
ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo a i?ioean? ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a
n?i’?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: aea/aiiy oa aiae?c o?einionueei?,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa ienoaoeoaiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy; iaaeaaia?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, aan?aee,
?ioa?a’th, eiinoaooth/ee ? oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe, e?euee?niee oa
ye?niee aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Aoaie oa aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiiethaaei o?e
aca?iiiia’ycai? aoaie.

Ia?oee, oai?aoe/iee aoai (1995-1996??.) – i?enay/aiee ii?aoethaaiith oa
aiae?co o?einionueei?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa ienoaoeoaiciaa/i?
e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie, ?? oai?aoe/iiio inieneaiith, oi?ioaaiith ?
ooi/iaiith a?iioace, eiie?aoecaoe?? caaaeaiue, aeai?o iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee, iiooeiai-eiinoaooth/ee (1996-1997??.) – ni?yiiaaiee ia ?ic?iaeo
? cae?eniaiiy i?ia?aie aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, aecia/aiiy e?eoa???a
oa iieaciee?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ?
c’ynoaaiiy ??ai?a ?o noi?iiaaiino?.

Ia o?aoueiio, aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aoai? (1997-1998??.) ia
iniia? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa caeiaooeo i?ae /an eiinoaooth/iai
aenia?eiaioo ?acoeueoao?a aoei cae?eniaii ?ic?iaeo oa ia?aa??eo
iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a
oiiaao n?i’?, ?aae?caoe?th cai?iiiiiaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia;
i?iaiaeeeanue e?euee?nia ia?iaea aeaieo, io?eiaieo o oiae?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe oa ?o ye?niee aiae?c.

Ia ??cieo aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aee o/anoue o/i? 1–3 eean?a na?aaei?o
oe?e ?1, ?3, ?16, ?17 i. Oa?iiiiey.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa?: o aecia/aii? iiiyooy
“ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? i???ioaoe??”; ia??oiooaaii? oiai, ui o iieiaeoiio
oe?eueiiio a?oe? aeii?ioth/ei o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e ? ?ioa?an aei ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa; aeyaeaii? iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a
oiiaao n?i’?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?aaeaia a iaoeiaiio
ia??oiooaaii? iiiyooy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e noiniaii ae?oae
iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, aecia/aii? iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia ?o oi?ioaaiiy
a oiiaao n?i’?, ?ic?iaeaii? e?eoa???a oa iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? oeueiai
i?ioeano.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai-ia??oioiaaia
iaoiaeeea aeey aaouee?a uiaei oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e
o iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, yea iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o i?aeoeoe? n?iaeiiai
aeoiaaiiy, aecia/ai? oiiae canoinoaaiiy oe??? iaoiaeeee.

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa c?iaeaieo
aeniiae?a caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iith ia??oioiaai?noth aeo?aeieo
iiceoe?e, aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo i?aaeiaoo,
ia’?eoo, iao? oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeioe?eueiei ii?aeiaiiyi
e?euee?niiai oa ye?niiai aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aeia?iaei?e (ea?oaiue, 1996 ?. i. Oa?iii?eue),
anaoe?a?inuee?e (aeiaoaiue, 1996 ?. i. Ee?a), i?aeaoc?anueeeo (o?aaaiue,
1995 ?. i. Oa?iii?eue, aeiaoaiue, 1998 ?. i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee)
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ca?oii-iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea, ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?
oa iiaeo ina?oi?o oaoiieia?e OAeIO (1995-1999 ??.).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 176 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo ? i?noeoue 23 oaaeeoe?,
5 a?noia?ai, 4 aeiaeaoee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny ?c
165 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, a?iioaco, caaaeaiiy, ie?aneaii iaoiaee oa aoaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy, aecia/aii a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a, ai?iaaoe?th iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? i???ioaoe?? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
ye iaaeaaia?/ia i?iaeaia” – c iiaeyaeo o?einio??, nioe?ieia??,
ineoieia??, iaaeaaia?ee ?icaeyaeathoueny iaoeia? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeaie
oe?iiinoae, oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oa ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e,
aecia/aii ?o no?oeoo?o; c’yniaaii iniaeeaino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e a iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe? oa ?ieue n?i’? a ?o
oi?ioaaii?.

O noaiiaeaii? i?eioeeiiai iiaiai nioe?aeueiiai oeio iniaenoino?
iaeaaaeeea?oa ?ieue a?aeaiaeeoueny aeania ?? nioe?aeuei?e aeoeaiino?, a
iniiaieie e?eoa??yie aenooiathoue oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??. Oe?ii?ni?
a?aeiineie i?aeoe/ii ?niothoue ? ooieoe?iiothoue o an?o noa?ao
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino?, a ?? aca?iia?aeiineiao ic nioe?aeueieie
a?oiaie ? noni?euenoaii a oeieiio, oiio ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaeooueny o
??ciiiai?oieo ?noi?e/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo eiioaenoao, o yeeo ?i
iaaea?oueny ??cia nooi?noue oa cia/aiiy.

I?iaeaia oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e ?icaeyaea?oueny a/aieie o o?ueio
aniaeoao: o?einionueeiio – ye eaoaai??y (I.Aaneeaiei, I.Ae?iaieoeueeee,
I.Eaaai, A.Ooaa??iia oa ?i.), nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio – /a?ac aiae?c
oi?ioaaiiy oe?iiinoae oa oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e i ?o aieeao ia ?icaeoie
iniaenoino? (A.Cae?aaiieneia, A.Iaoonaae/, A.Iieue, A.?o/ea, A.ssaeia oa
?i); iaaeaaia?/iiio – oeyoii ?icaeyaeo nenoaie nioe?aeueieo ca’yce?a ?
caeaaeiinoae i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oa
aeai?o ia’?eo?a ?ioa?an?a (A.Aeaen??aa, I.Aieioeia, E.Aeii/aiei,
E.Eina??aa, ?.Ia?oeithe, ?.Iiiiaa, E.Oiieia).

O ineoieia?? i?iaeaia oe?iiinoae ? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e ?icaeyaeaeany
noiniaii iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e iio?aa iniaenoino?, no?oeoo?e ?ioa?an?a
oiui (E.Aiaeiae/, E.Aeaionueeee, N.?oa?iooaei). Iia?/ii aiia aoea aeaui
?icoe?aia o?aeoiaeith A.Iyneuaaa noa’?eoeaieo oe?iiinoae, ye iniiae
iniaeno?nieo aca?iia?aeiinei. O oai??? ae?yeueiino? I.Eaiioue?aa iiiyooy
noa’?eoeaieo oe?iiinoae aei aeayei? i??e anioe?thaaeiny ?c iiiyooyi
cia/ouino?, iia’ycoaaeiny c aiioe?eii-iioeaaoe?eiith noa?ith. Aeoiaey/e
c aiae?co oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, ?o iiaeia aecia/eoe ye aea??eiao
ni?yiiaai?noue iniaenoino? ia iaai? oe?iiino?, ui aecia/athoue ??aaiue
?? na?aeiiino?, iiaaae?ieo, iio?aae, niaee ? ae?aaeathoue aioo??oith
noi?iio ?? noaaeaiiy aei ae?eniino?. Ae?aiacii oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e
aecia/a?oueny ae?aiaciiii ?ioa?an?a iniaenoino?, oe?ioith ?? ca’yce?a c
iaaeieeoi?i na?oii (AAe?en??aa, I.Aeeiia, I.Aieioeia, E.Aeii/aiei,
?.Ia?oeithe).

Inoaii?i /anii i?iaeaia oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e aea/aeany ye aiae?c
aeeiai?ee ioe?iieo aoaeii?a o i?aee?oeiaiio oa thiaoeueeiio a?oe?
(A.Nao?i), noaiiaeaii? iniaeno?nieo oe?iiinoae noa’?eoa (A.Aoaeeiaeoa,
O.Ei?ieeiaa), oa o eiioaenoi aca?iica’yceo ic ineoieia?/iei aiae?cii
naiiaeooae?caoe?? iniaenoino? (N.Ia?oiaa-Ai/aaa?). I?ioa ieoaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy oeiiiinieo i?i?ioaoeie o iieiaeoiio oeieueiiio aioei ia aoei
i?aaeiaoii aeineiaeaeaiue.

Oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? ? i?ia?aeiith ye?noth ethaeeie, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?? ye iaiiaoi?io ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, ca yeeie iiaeia
?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i i?noea, iiceoe?th, ui caeia? iniaeno?noue a
iaeaeeae/iio ioi/aii?, ye? a ia? iiaeyaee, ?ioa?ane, iio?aae, niaee.
Caaaeyee oe?ii?niei i???ioaoe?yi oeiey? ae??oo? aaaaoi aaaeeeaeo aeey
naaa ieoaiue iaa/aeueii?, a?iiaaenueei?, noni?eueii-ei?enii? oa ?ioeo
aeae?a ae?yeueiino?. O ieo ao?eththoueny ?acoeueoaoe eiai iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy a ie?ai? a?eia? ia??iaee ?icaeoeo, iaaoooy aeeoo?aiai
aeina?aeo, iniaeeaino? na?oini?eeiaiiy, canai?iiy anoaoe/ieo oe?iiinoae.
Ioaea, nenoaia oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e i?ae?inoath/i? iniaenoino?
neeaaea?oueny i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy, aeica?eey,
/eoaiiy eiea, i?ae aieeaii cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, ni?eeoaaiiy c
ienoaoeoaii, c oiaa?eoaie, aaoueeaie.

I?iaeoe?th oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o noa?? ienoaoeoaa aecia/athoue
ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? i???ioaoe??, ye? ? iaeiei ?c iaoai?ci?a naii?ice?eooy
? naiiaecia/aiiy oeiey??a. Oea iiiyooy ocaaaeueiaii ae?aaea? anoaoe/ia
noaaeaiiy aei ioceee, a oaeiae ona?aeiieaiiy ae?eniino?, ui
a?aeia?aaeaia a i?e. Ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? i???ioaoe?? aenooiathoue caniaii
i?ciaiiy iieiaeoeie oeiey?aie noa?e ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa ? a?aeai?o
?ioi?iaoe??, ui iinooia? ciai?.

Ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? i???ioaoe?? no?oeoo?ia ooai?aiiy, ui i?noeoue
?ioa?ane, iio?aae, niaee, ?aeaaee. A?aoiaoth/e a?eia? oa
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, iniiaiei
eiiiiiaioii oe??? no?oeoo?e aeae?eaii ?ioa?an, ye aea??eiao
ni?yiiaai?noue o i?ciaii? ioceee. Eiai iiaeia noi?ioaaoe iaoiaeii aieeao
/a?ac ae?yeuei?noue, yea iieyaa? a i?iaeoiaiiio, iaaeaaia?/ii
ni?yiiaaiiio aeei?enoaii? ??ciiiai?oieo ioce/ieo aeaea?ae; aeoea?caoe??
ioce/ii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe aaouee?a c ae?oueie oa ni?ai?aoe? a ?aeeiiio
?one? n?i’? ? oeiee.

Eiinoaooth/ee aoai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeany a NO ?1, ?3, ?16, ?17 i.
Oa?iiiiey (anueiai 512 o/i?a oa aaouee?a) ? ioiiethaaa aeaa aoaie: ia
ia?oiio – aea/aany ioce/iee i?e?iee?iao n?i’?; ia ae?oaiio aoai?
aecia/aeanue caeaaei?noue i?ae ioce/ieie ?ioa?anaie aaouee?a ? ae?oae oa
??ai? ?o ?icaeoeo.

?c ?acoeueoao?a eiinoaooth/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie,
ui n?i’? aieiae?thoue ??ciiiai?oieie aeaea?aeaie ioce/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
aeey oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo ?ioa?an?a o no?oeoo??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e. Na?aae oaeeo aeaea?ae iniiaia i?noea
caeiathoue oaoi?/i? caniae, ?ai?iaeoeoth/? ioceeo. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao
? oie oaeo, ui i?aaiaiiy a n?i’yo aei neooaiiy ioceee aeineoue aeniea,
iaeiae o neeo ??ciiiai?oieo i?e/ei aiii ?aae?co?oueny iaiiaii.
I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo ?ioa?an?a
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a iieacaei, ui aiie ciaoiaeyoueny a cia/i?e caeaaeiino?
a?ae ?ioa?an?a aaouee?a. Oae, a 68 a?aenioe?a oaea caeaaei?noue ?nio?.
Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aaoueeai ?icaeaaoe ioce/i? caeiaiinoi aeeoeie ?
caeeanoe a i?e iniiae caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e a i?ioean? ioce/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, oa caaaeyee no?eeiio ?ioa?ano aei ioceee oi?ioaaoe
ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? i???ioaoe?? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. O 79 a?aenioe?a
aaouee?a ? i?aaiaiiy aei ni?eeoaaiiy caniaii yeiai ? ioce/ia ienoaoeoai,
aeey /iai aeei?enoiaothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? eaiaee ioce/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
oi/ ia an? ?c ieo iathoue oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a n?i’?. O oeueiio
aaa/athoueny ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e ae?oae. Aaaeeeaei o aeine?aeaeaii? ? oa, ye aaoueee
caeo/athoue ae?oae aei ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa. ?acoeueoaoe aieaooaaiiy
iieacaee: ui 36 a?aenioe?a iieoaieo, a?aea?aeothoue ienoaoeuee?
caeeaaee, 12 a?aenioe?a – i?iaiaeyoue aan?aee c ae?oueie, 24 a?aenioee –
a/aoue a ioce/i?e oeie?, 28 – ni?aathoue ?acii c ae?oueie. A?eueo?noue
aaouee?a aeei?enoiaothoue aeey ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae ??ciiiai?oi?
oi?ie ? iaoiaee, ui ia aeeeeeathoue caia?a/aiiy, aea iai?aaeeueia
?icoi?iiy i?aeoiaeo aei i?ioeano aeoiaaiiy cieaeo? ?o
?acoeueoaoeai?noue, /ei ia?aoeiaeaeathoue ioce/iiio ?icaeoeia? ae?oae.
Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
iia?aoe?eii-oai?/ee ??aaiue i?eoaiaiiee 13(67 /ie.) a?aenioeai iieoaieo,
?ai?iaeoeoeaii-ae?yeuei?niee – 34(174 /ie.) a?aenioeai,
?ioi?iaoe?eii-?ai?iaeoeoeaiee – 53(271 /ie). Ioaea, cia/ia /anoeia
aaouee?a oa ae?oae ia? na?aaei?e oa iecueeee
(?ai?iaeoeoeaii–ae?yeuei?niee oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?ai?iaeoeoeaiee) ??ai?
noi?iiaaiino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e, ui noaiiaeoue aaeeeee
?aca?a aeey iinoaiiaee ? ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue ?o oi?ioaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’?” – ia canaaeao oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co ?
eiinoaooth/i? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ia??oioiaaii iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae,
ye? caaacia/othoue aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’?, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo
oa aiae?c oi?ioth/i? aeine?aeii? ?iaioe.

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie oa i?aenoiee eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo
aeaee i?aenoaae aeey ?ic?iaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ui caaacia/othoue
aoaeoeaia oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a
oiiaao n?i’?. Ieie ?: no?eeee ?ioa?an o aaouee?a ? ae?oae aei ioce/iiai
ienoaoeoaa; iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ieie iaiao?aeiiai caiano ioce/ieo ciaiue;
eiiieaenia aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeae?a ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?; a?aooaaiiy
a?eiaeo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a.

I?ioean ?icaeoeo a ae?oae ? aaouee?a no?eeiai ?ioa?ano aei ioceee
iieyaa? a oiio, uia o oiae? oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aieeao aeeeeeaoe ye?ni?
ci?ie iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, yea ? iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo /eiiee?a eiai
oi?ioaaiiy, ai naia aiia caaea? iaaio ni?yiiaai?noue ioce/i?e
ae?yeueiino?. Oaeiae, caeiaooeii o/i?a noathoue ii/oooy, aiioe??,
ia?aaeeo? a i?ioean? oe??? ae?yeueiino?. Anoaoe/i? ii/oooy, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue aiioe?eia noaaeaiiy aei ioceee, neeaaeathoue ci?no
aiioe?eii? noa?e ioce/iiai ?ioa?ano. Eiai aoaeoeai?noue caaacia/o?oueny
i?aai?caoe??th ??cieo aeae?a ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino? – ci?ia oa?aeoa?o
oe??? ae?yeueiino? c a?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ? ae??oaeueiei oaeoi?ii oi?ioaaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e.

Ioce/i? ciaiiy aenooiathoue oai?aoe/iith aacith ia’?eoeaaoe??, aiie
oii?yaeeiaothoue, ?aaoeththoue aiioe??, iaaeathoue ?i iaaio
ni?yiiaai?noue, ni?eythoue ona?aeiieaiith oeiey?aie aiioe?eii-ia?aciiai
ci?noo ioceee. A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’? ia? aacoaaoeny ia oaeeo
eiiiiiaioao ioce/iiai ?ioa?ano, ui ni?eythoue aoaeoeaiiio canai?iith
ciaiue ?c iniia ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa: iioeaaoe?eii-i???ioaoe?eiee –
?ice?eaa? ci?no ? ni?yiiaai?noue ioce/ieo ?ioa?an?a, iio?aa, ia?aaaa
o/i?a ? aaouee?a, aeeth/a? a naaa iioeae oa aiioe??, ui
noi?iaiaeaeothoue i?ioean ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?; ci?noiaii-iia?aoe?eiee
– nenoaio ciaiue i?i ioce/ia ienoaoeoai, iaieiae?iiy o/iyie ? aaoueeaie
i?eeiiaie, iaae/eaie ? niiniaaie canoinoaaiiy oeeo ciaiue ia i?aeoeoe?;
ioe?iiee – nenoaiaoe/ia io?eiaiiy cai?ioii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i o?ae ?
?icaeoie ciaiue ? ioce/ieo ?ioa?an?a o/i?a ? aaouee?a ia iniia?
c?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?o ae?yeueiino? ?c caaaeaiiyi, ui aeeiioaaeiny.

A?aooaaiiy cia/aiiy eiaeiiai ?c aeyaeaieo oaeoi??a ? iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia, ?o aeei?enoaiiy a i?ioean? ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy caaacia/o?
?icoe?aiiy noa?e iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao ia o/i?a ? noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae
aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’?.

Oi?ioth/a aeine?aeia ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany a o?e aoaie i?ioyaii 1997-1998
iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo c iaoith ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia. A aenia?eiaio? a?aee o/anoue o/i? 1-3 eean?a oa ?o
aaoueee (ii 25 /ie.) NO ? 16,17 i. Oa?iiiiey.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeaoaaeiny canai?iiy aaoueeaie o/i?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo eean?a ciaiue c iniia ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa oa iai?i
aeina?aeii i?ae n?i’yie. Aoaeoeaiith oi?iith ?iaioe ia oeueiio aoai?
aoee aan?aee c aaoueeaie, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue ii caieaiiaaiiio a?ao?eo oa
?ic?iaeai?e oaiaoeoe?. Aei ieo aoiaeeee: caaaeuei? (i?iaiaeeeenue ia
eeanieo cai?ao 2-3 ?ace ia ??e), a?oiia? (1-2 ?ace a i?nyoeue), oa
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aan?aee , ye? i?iaiaeeeenue ia oaeo oaiaoeeo: “I?noea
ioceee a nenoai? caaaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae”, “A?eia? iniaeeaino?
ae?oae oa ?o iiaeeeaino?”, “*e ai??ii ie ? iao? ae?oe neooaoe ioceeo?”,
“Neea aieeao eeane/ii? ioceee ia aeoiee ? ii/oooy aeeoeie”, “Aeooiaia
aaaaonoai ii?? n?i’? – ia?iaeia i?niy”. I?ae /an aan?ae oaeiae
i?iaiaeeeinue neooaiiy ioceee. A?aea?? oai??a cae?enithaaany oaeei
/eiii: ui oi/ooue iineooaoe ? ciaoe aaoueee, ? ui iaiao?aeii ciaoe
aaoueeai aeey ia?aaea/? nai?o ciaiue ae?oyi. I?iaaaeai? ia oeueiio
aoai? caoiaee aoee noeioeii aeey aeoea?caoe?? ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?
aaouee?a, a oaeiae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aaaeeeaino? ioceee a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?iaioe c aaoueeaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo eean?a
i?iiiioaaeanue ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeiiaoiy ?iaioa c ae?oueie. Aoei
aaaaeaii nenoaio aeiiaoi?o caaaeaiue aeey ae?oae, ui aeeth/aea: ?a?e
(i?ciaaaeuei?, oai?/? oa ?a?e c oyaieie i?aaeiaoaie); ?ica’ycoaaiiy
e?inai?ae?a ia ioce/io oaiaoeeo (ie?ai? c ieo neeaaeaee nai? aaoueee);
iaethaaiiy ae?oueie aaeiia ia oaie: “I?e oethaeaiee ioce/iee oa??
i?ineooaiee aaeiia”, “I?i ui ?iciia?ea iai? ioceea” oa ?i. Oae? oi?ie
?iaioe ni?eyee ?icaeoeo ioce/ieo ?ioa?an?a, oaioac??, ia?aciiai
ieneaiiy, iiaeeaeaiith ioce/ieo ciaiue ae?oae, caaaa/aiith ?o e?oaici?o,
oaeiae noeioethaaee ae?yeuei?noue aaouee?a.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? cae?enithaaeanue aeoeaia ioce/ia ae?yeuei?noue
aaouee?a ? ae?oae (i?ineooiaoaaiiy ioce/ieo ia?aaea/ ii ?aae?i oa
oaeaaa/aiith, a?aea?aeoaaiiy eiioea?oii-oaao?aeueieo caeeaae?a, /eoaiiy
e?oa?aoo?e i?i ioceeo, iaaiai?aiiy i?ineooaii? ioceee, iai?i aeoieaie
i?ae /eaiaie n?i’?). Aoaeoeaii oi?iith ?iaioe ia oeueiio aoai?, aoei
noai?aiiy eooe?a ioceee a eeanao, o yeeo ?ici?uoaaeenue a’theaoai?, ui
i?noeee ?ioi?iaoe?th aeey aaouee?a, i?i iaeaeeae/? ioce/i? aenoaae oa
eiioea?oe c ei?ioeeie aiioaoe?yie ia ioce/i? oai?e, cai?oee i?i ciaiaii?
aeaoe, a oaeiae ia?ae?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aeey neooaiiy ioce/ieo ia?aaea/
ii ?aae?i oa oaeaaa/aiith.

I?iaaaeaia ?iaioa c aaoueeaie aeiiiiiaea i?aeiyoe i?anoeae ioceee na?aae
?ioeo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a, aiane?aeie /iai c?inea oni?oi?noue ae?oae,
ia o?eueee c ioceee, aea e c ?ioeo i?aaeiao?a oe?eueiiai eo?no.

Ii??aiyiiy aeaieo, io?eiaieo o oi?ioth/iio aenia?eiaio?, c iieacieeaie
eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi (aeea.oaae.1), aeicaieeei
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i i?aeaeuaiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? eeane a?aeianai? aei
iia?aoe?eii-oai?/iai ??aiy ca?eueoeeenue c 13 aei 22 a?aenioe?a,
?ai?iaeoeoeaii-ae?yeuei?niiai c 34 aei 67 a?aenioe?a, a e?euee?noue
?ioi?iaoe?eii-?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ciaioeeanue c 53 a?aenioe?a aei 11. I?e
oeueiio aaaeeeai ii??aiyoe io?eiai? aeai? c ?acoeueoaoaie, ye?
oa?aeoa?i? aeey eiio?ieueii? a?oie aiaeia?/iiai ??aiy. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aeeiai?ea noi?iiaaiino? ? i?i?iaeueiith ? na?ae/eoue i?i ci?ie
eeoa c 54 aei 49 a?aenioe?a.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea noi?iiaaiino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e

iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ( o a?aenioeao)

??ai? noi?iiaaiino? ioce/ii–anoaoe/ieo

i???ioaoe?eIi/aoie aenia?eiaiooE?iaoeue aenia?eiaiooEiio?ieuei?
eeaneAenia?eiaioaeuei? eeaneEiio?ieuei? eeaneAenia?eiaioaeuei?
eeaneIia?aoe?eii –

oai?/ee14131522?ai?iaeoeoeaii –ae?yeuei?niee32343667?ioi?iaoe?eii –?ai?i
aeoeoeaiee54534911

Iaea?eueo aenieee ??no a?aeaoaaany o ia?oieeaniee?a, iaeiaioee – o
o?aoueieeaniee?a. Iiae?aia yaeua iiynith?oueny oei, ui aaoueee o/i?a
ia?oeo eean?a a?eueo noeeuei? i?eneooiaoaaoeny aei ii?aae oeiee ?
aeeiioaaoe ?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui a noa?oeo eeanao aeaui ao?a/a? neeo.

E??i oiai, eiie?aoi? n?i’? ia?oieeaniee?a a?ae?aco ae iio?aieee a oiiae
aenia?eiaioo, oiae? ye o ae?oaeo-o?ao?o eeanao neeaeany aecia/aia
i?ioyaii iaeiiai-aeaio ?ie?a onoaiiaea ia o?ie ioceee a caaaeuei?e
nenoai? iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i oa ia ioce/ia ienoaoeoai a oe?eiio, a
oaeiae ia ?ieue ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a caaaeuei?e nenoai? aeoiaaiiy, aei
yeiai iio??aii caeo/aoe an?o ae?oae iacaeaaeii a?ae aeeoo?aeo,
i?ioan?eieo oe?eae oa i??eoaaiue aaouee?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui aeio?eiaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’? iiaea aooe aoaeoeaiei o
iaa/aii? oa aeoiaaii? ae?oae icia/aiiai a?eo.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaiaeyoueny iniiai? i?aenoiee ?iaioe, ye?
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aenoiooo a?iioaco.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaaeaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e a n?i’? ? ia?niaeoeaiei oeyoii ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, iaiao?aeiith oiiaith caeo/aiiy ae?oae aei ioce/iiai
ienoaoeoaa. ?ioa?ane iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ciaoiaeyoueny a cia/i?e
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ioa?an?a aaouee?a. Oea iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue
caeo/aiiy n?i’?, ye iaeae??a?oiai caniao aieeao ia aeeoeio.

1. Aiae?c ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e ?c a?aooaaiiyi o?einionueeeo,
nioe?ieia?/ieo oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aeiaiaeeoue, ui oe?
i???ioaoe?? – neeaaeia no?oeoo?ia ooai?aiiy, ui ? i?ioeanii ? iane?aeeii
ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?, a ?o iaoai?ciii ? iieacieeii aenooia? ioce/iee
?ioa?an ye iaeei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo eiiiiiaio?a oe??? no?oeoo?e. Naia a
oeueiio iieyaa? niaoeeo?ea ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e o iieiaeoiio
oe?eueiiio a?oe?, yea iaoiiaeth? a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii iniaeeaino? ?o
oi?ioaaiiy a oiiaao n?i’?.

2. Oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e o/i?a aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
a?eo a oiiaao n?i’? iaeaoaeoeai?oa a?aeaoaa?oueny ca oaeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia: iayai?noue no?eeiai ?ioa?ano aaouee?a ? ae?oae aei ioceee,
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ieie ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue, eiiieaenia
aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeae?a ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?, a?aooaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae o/i?a iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai
a?eo.

3. E?eoa??yie a ioe?ioe? ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
?ioa?an?a o nenoai? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e ?: ae?aiacii
ioce/iiai e?oaici?o: ciaiiy ioce/ieo oai??a, eiiiiceoi??a ? aeeiiaaoe?a,
ioce/ieo ?ino?oiaio?a oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy o ioceoe? ??ciiiai?oieo
aeai??a, ciaiiy ioce/ieo ia?aaea/, ui o?aineththoueny ii ?aae?i oa
oaeaaa/aiith; ye?noue ioce/ieo ia?aaaa; /anoioa neooaiiy ioceee; oaaaa,
ui i?eae?ey?oueny ioce/iiio aeoiaaiith ae?oae.

4. C iaoith aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino? iaa?oioiaaieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia ?ic?iaeaia niaoe?aeueia iaoiaeeea i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-n?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui ni?ey? aoaeoeaiiio oi?ioaaiith
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’?.

5. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oi?ioth/i? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe na?ae/eoue
i?i aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? ? ia?aa??aii? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’?, a
oaeiae iiaeeea?noue ?? aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoeoe? n?iaeiiai oa oe?eueiiai
aeoiaaiiy.

I?iaaaeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? on?o ieoaiue
i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e. Iio?aaothoue
aea/aiiy ieoaiiy: aoaeoeaiino? aeoiaiiai aieeao n?i’? ia oeiey??a ??cieo
a?eiaeo a?oi, iniaeeai a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?; niaoeeo?ee
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e o n?i’yo ??ciiai nioe?aeueiiai noaoono.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo
aaoi?a:

1. Aiein I.I. Anoaoe/i? i???ioaoe?? oa ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? iniaenoino?
// Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y:
Iaaeaaia?ea.– Oa?iii?eue OAeIO, 1999.– Aei.3.–N. 132-135.

2 Aiein I.I. I?iaeaia anoaoe/ieo oe?iiinoae o ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? //
Iaiae??aaoeue.–1999.– ?3.– N. 59-60.

3. Aiein I.I. Oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? a no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: Iaaeaaia?ea ?
ineoieia?y. – Oa?iii?eue OAeIO, 1998.–Aei. 5.–N. 23-25.

4. Aiein I.I. Aca?iica’ycie ioce/ieo ?ioa?an?a aaouee?a ? ae?oae o
oi?ioaaii? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: Iaaeaaia?ea ?
ineoieia?y.– Oa?iii?eue: OAeIO, 1998.– Aei.3.–N. 17-19.

5. Aiein I.I. Aieea n?i’? ia oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y. Oa?iii?eue: OAeIO,
1997.– Aei.1.– N. 33-35.

6. Aiein I.I. Ia?iaeia i?niy ye can?a aeoiaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino? o ?iaeei? // Aeoiaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino? o
oeiey??a: Iaoa??aee anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??,
aeiaoaiue 1996.–Ee?a.-N.98-99.

7.Aiein I.I. ?ioa?ane ia?oieeaniee?a aei ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa oa ?ieue
aaouee?a o ?o oi?ioaaii? // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee. – Ee?a – Oa?iii?eue – Caeaia Ao?a.–1995.– Aei.2.–N. 26-28.

AIIOAOe??

Aiein I.I. Oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
a oiiaao n?i’?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee.
Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a
Aiaothea, Oa?iii?eue, 1999?.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aia i?iaeai? oi?ioaaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a oiiaao n?i’?.
Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa i?aeoe/ii ai?iaiaaii iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, ui
caaacia/othoue oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo i???ioaoe?e a oiiaao n?i’?.
O oiae? ?iaioe aeae?eaiee iniiaiee eiiiiiaio ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
i???ioaoe?e – ioce/iee ?ioa?an.

Aiae?c cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeea?noue ??
aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoeoe? n?iaeiiai aeoiaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?ii?noue, oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??, ioce/ii-anoaoe/i?
i???ioaoe??, ioce/iee ?ioa?an, iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, n?i’y.

Volos M. M. Formation of musical aesthetic orientations of the junior
pupils under the family conditions; – Manuscript.

Dissertation for candidate degree of Pedagogic science’s. Speciality
13.00.01 – Theory and history of pedagogy. – Ternopil state pedagogical
university by Volodymyr Hnatyuk, Ternopil, 1999.

The pedagogical methods which ensure then formation of musical and
aesthetic orientations in the family conditions are theoretically
grounded and practically tested.

Analysis of the results supports the possibility of using the proposed
in the family education.

The main component of musical aesthetic orientations – the musical
interest – is picked out. The author offers the levels of the formation
of the musical interest, its definition, and stages of its formation
under the family conditions.

Keo words: values, valuable orientations, musical aesthetic
orientations, musical interest, pedagogical conditions, family.

Aiein I.I. Iocueaeueii-anoaoe/aneea i?eaioaoeee ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a
oneiaeyo naiuee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01– oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.
Oa?iiiieueneee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
Aeaaeeie?a Aiaothea, Oa?iiiieue, 1999a.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii i?iaeaia oi?ie?iaaiey o
ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo i?eaioaoeee a oneiaeyo
naiuee.

?ane?uoa nouiinoue aeaoeieoeee “iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneea i?eaioaoeee”
ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia, o?iaie noi?ie?iaaiinoe
(eioi?iaoeeiiii-?ai?iaeoeoeaiue, ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-aeayeueiinoiue,
iia?aoeeiiii-oai?/aneee).

A i?ioeanna ?aaiou auaeaeai iniiaiie eiiiiiaio iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo
i?eaioaoeee – iocueaeueiue eioa?an, eioi?ue ?anniao?eaaaony eae
oaea/aiea, iieiaeeoaeueiia ioiioaiea e iocuea, yoi ecae?aoaeueiay
iai?aaeaiiinoue ia iiciaiea iocueaeueiiai eneonnoaa, aai iniiaiua
eiiiiiaiou: iioeaaoeeiiii-i?eaioaoeeiiiue,
niaea?aeaoaeueii-iia?aoeeiiiue, ioeaii/iue. Yooaeoeaiinoue oi?ie?iaaiey
iocueaeueiiai eioa?ana a oneiaeyo naiuee iaania/eaaaony i?aaiecaoeeae
iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

E?eoa?eyie a ioeaiea o?iaiae noi?ie?iaaiinoe iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo
i?eaioaoeee a oneiaeyo naiuee aunooiatho: aeeaiacii iocueaeueiiai
e?oaici?a: ciaiea iocueaeueiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, eiiiiceoi?ia e
eniieieoaeae, iocueaeueiuo eino?oiaioia e eo eniieueciaaiea a iocuea
?aciuo aeai?ia; ciaiea iocueaeueiuo ia?aaea/ ii ?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaieth;
/anoioa i?ineooeaaiey iocuee; ianoi, eioi?ia caieiaao iocuea a
naiaiaeiia a?aiy, aieiaiea, eioi?ia oaeaeyaony iocueaeueiiio ainieoaieth
aeaoae.

Oi?ie?iaaiea iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo i?eaioaoeee ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a
oneiaeyo naiuee i?eia?aoaao yooaeoeaiue oa?aeoa? eeoue i?e oneiaee
niioaaonoaothuaai. iaaeaaiae/aneiai iaania/aiey. A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey
aaoi?ii ii?aaeaeaiu e ai?iae?iaaiu iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey,
iaania/eaathuea yooaeoeaiinoue oi?ie?iaaiey iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo
i?eaioaoeee a oneiaeyo naiuee. A /anoiinoe, iaee/ea o ?iaeeoaeae e
aeaoae noieeeo iocueaeueiuo eioa?ania, iaeiieaiea eie iaiaoiaeeiiai
caiana iocueaeueiuo ciaiee; eiiieaeniia eniieueciaaiea ?acee/iuo aeaeia
iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, niioaaonoaaiii aic?anoiui e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui iniaaiiinoyi ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia.

Aaoi?ii enneaaeiaaiey ?ac?aaioaia niaoeeaeueiay iaoiaeeea i?aaiecaoeee
naiaeiie n?aaeu, eioi?ay iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia a i?aeoeea naiaeiiai
ainieoaiey. A ?aaioa auee ai?iae?iaaiu iaoiaeu e oi?iu ?aaiou ?iaeeoaeae
n aeaoueie, a oaeaea oeieu n naiueae.

Aiaeec oi?ie?othuae yenia?eiaioaeueiie ?aaiou naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia
yooaeoeaiinoe i?aaeeaaaaiie iaoiaeeee aeey ?acaeoey
iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo i?eaioaoeee ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a oneiaeyo
naiuee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeaiiinoue, oeaiiinoiue i?eaioaoeee,
iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneea i?eaioaoeee, iocueaeueiue eioa?an,
iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey, naiuey.

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