3

iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? i.i. ae?aaiiaiiaa

E?aniiaieiaa ??eia Ai?en?aia

OAeE 378.159.947..5

Oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy
aiae?enueei? iiae

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaaeaaia?ee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NIAOAINUeEEE Ieeiea ?aaiiae/,

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ieoaeea
Eioethaeinueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

AAO ?aai Aeieo?iae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII
Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

AONAE Iao?i Ieeieaeiae/

Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. E.Oe?a?iee, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
iaaeaaia?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “26 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14.30 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.26.053.02 a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
(252601, i.Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Ie?iaiaa, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “23” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aeieeinueea E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ica`ycaiiy i?iaeai oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
iaa/aiiy noaiiaeoue ia`?eo oe?eiai ?yaeo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
iiooeo i?aeoe/ieo ??oaiue. Iaenooo?a?oei o iao /an ? ciaoiaeaeaiiy
aioo??oi?o ?aca?a?a ?ioaineaiiai ?icaeoeo iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano o AIC.

Oaeeie aioo??oi?ie aeaea?aeaie aeoeaiino? iniaenoino? o i?ioean? iaaoooy
ciaiue, oi?iue ? iaae/ie, iaiao?aeieo aeey iiaeaeueoiai iaa/aiiy,
naiiina?oe oa iaeaooiuei? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? ?, ia?o ca ana,
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iio?aae, iioeae, i?ioan?ei? ?ioa?ane, noaaeaiiy aei
iaa/aiiy.

O ca`yceo c oeei iaei??th c oeaio?aeueieo i?iaeai iaaeaaia?ee aeui?
oeiee aenooia? aeine?aeaeaiiy iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e iniaenoino? ye oaeoi?a
aoaeoeaiino? o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?, yeee aeeth/a? a naaa iaiao?aei?noue
aea/aiiy ona?aeiiethaaieo iioea?a, caeaoieo aeoea?coaaoe iniaeno?noue o
i?ioean? i?ciaiiy.

Eiiieaeni?noue, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue i?iaeaie iioea?a
o/?iiy aecia/eee oe?ioo oa ?ioaineai?noue ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy o ineoieia??
oa iaaeaaia?oe?, iaiao?aei?noue aeianaiiy ia ia?aaei?e ieai ??cieo
aniaeo?a aeaiiai oaiiiaio. Oae, cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eyeany aea/aiith
i?e?iaee iioea?a (A.A.An??a, E.?.Aiaeiae/, A.?. Uoe?ia, I.A. Iaotho?ia,
N.A. Iineae/ia oa ?i.), ?o ca’yceo c ineo?/ieie i?ioeanaie, aiioe?yie oa
ii/oooyie, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie iniaeeainoyie noa’?eo?a o/?iiy
(A.N.Ia?e?i, I.?.?aeiaaeueae, E.I.Aeueaooaiiaa-Neaanueea,
?.A.Aeaeeaea?’yi, I.?.Aeaen??aa oa ?i.), caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e iniaenoino? (A.N.Einothe, N.E.?oa?iooaei,
I.I.Eaiioueaa, E.?.Aiaeiae/ oa ?i.). Iaa?oioiaoaaeany iaiao?aei?noue oa
?iaeeeny ni?iae aeine?aeeoe oeyoe ? iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy
(A.A.An??a, I.A. Aaiaci, E.N. Iaiiiiyua, A.? Uoe?ia, N.O.A?eai?`yi,
A.E.Ia?eiaa oa ?i.). Cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eyeany aea/aiith iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiy eiie?aoieo i?aaeiao?a oa ?o aniaeo?a ye caniao oi?ioaaiiy
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e noa’?eoa o/?iiy, aeine?aeaeoaaany iioeaaoe?eiee
iioaioe?ae oiai /e ?ioiai aeaeo iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? (?.?.Iannia,
A.I.Eociaeueia, A.A.?iaiaa, O.?.Eaa/aiei oa ?i.). Aeine?aeaeaiith
iioeaaoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a oa
aea/aiith cania?a eiai oi?ioaaiiy i?enay/ai? ?iaioe I.I.Naaio?ii?,
A.A.Aa?aeoeueeiai, A.?.?i?oaioeaai? oa ?i.).

O eiioaeno? aeine?aeaeaiiy iioea?a o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? iniaeeaa oaaaa
i?eae?eyeany aea/aiith i?ciaaae a?e oa caeiiii??iinoae ?? oi?ioaaiiy o
noa’?eo?a o/?iiy oe?eueiiai a?eo. Oiio ?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue
ia iiaeia iiai?noth aeno?aiiethaaoe ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?eii?
noa?e nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. Inoaii?e aeiaaa?
naiino?eiiai ueieo iioea?a oa i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano, ye?, ?acii c
oe?ieeie nioe?aeueieie iioeaaie, aeae?eyeeny iniiaieie niiioeaie o/?iiy.

Iaeiae, ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui iniiaia oaaaa i?e oeueiio ni?yiiaoaaeany ia
aea/aiiy iioeaaoe?eii? no iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oae, aiae?c i?aeoeee aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei? iiae ye oaoiai?
aeenoeeie?ie o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae? iieacaa, ui i?ae?o/ieee oa
iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy, ua
iaaeinoaoiueith i??ith a?aoiaothoue ?ieue ? cia/aiiy iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e
nooaeaio?a, aeeiai?eo nieneioa??ieo iioea?a o/?iiy a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy,
i??o oa oa?aeoa? aca?iica`yceo iioeaaoe?eii? aioiaiino? aei canai?iiy
ciaiue, aei iaieiae?iiy niiniaaie oaeiai canai?iiy c eiie?aoieie
iaoiaee/ieie i?eeiiaie.

Aa?o/e aei oaaae oie oaeo, ui iioeae aea/aiiy ??cieo iaa/aeueieo
i?aaeiao?a aoaeooue aeaui a?ae??ciyoeny, a oaeiae caaaeath/e ia ana
c?inoath/a cia/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae ye iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoa, ui
coiiaeaii oa?aeoa?ii noni?eueiiai caiiaeaiiy, iaaeinoaoith aea/ai?noue
iioeaaoe?eiiai aieo eiai o/?iiy, ie ni?yioaaee nai? coneeey ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy naia oeueiai i?aaeiaoa
ye i?io?eueii? aeenoeeie?ie o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae?.

Iaaeinoaoiy aeine?aeaeai?noue i?iaeaie oa ?? aeooaeuei?noue iaoiiaeee
aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe??: “Oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a o
i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei? iiae”. Oaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neeaaeiaith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.Eioethaeinueeiai
“?ioaa?aoe?y eo?n?a ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i”, caoaa?aeaeaia
?aaeith c eii?aeeiaoe?? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? iaaeaaia?ee ?
ineoieia?? a Oe?a?i? (i?ioieie ?5 a?ae 17.09.1998 ?.)

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? iioeaaoe?eiee eiiiiiaio i?ioeano
o/?iiy.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iioea?a o/?iiy
aiae?enueei? iiae o nooaeaio?a aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia, aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
iioea?a o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, ye?
aea/athoue aiae?enueeo iiao ye iaeio ?c niaoe?aeueiinoae.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, a oaeiae aeai? aeeth/aiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy
o i?ioean? aeanii? aeeeaaeaoeueei? ?iaioe aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe oaeo
a?iioaco: iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiith c oi/ee ci?o iiaioaaiiy aiae?enueeith
iiaith ? oaea no?oeoo?a iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e nooaeaio?a, o ye?e
aeii?ioth/eie ? iioeae i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, ui i?aee??ieththoueny
i?ioeanoaeueieie eiioi?eaoeaieie oa i?ciaaaeueieie niiioeaie. Aiia iiaea
aooe noi?iiaaia ca aeiiiiiae iiaeeo?eaoe?? o?aaeeoe?eii? iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei? iiae o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae? oa
ia?ano?oeoo?oaaiiy ci?noo i?aaeiaoa.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ia?aa??ea noi?ioeueiaaii? a?iioace
ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo /anoeiaeo caaaeaiue:

1. Iaa?oiooaaoe aeo?aei? oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

2. Aecia/eoe iioeae i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy a i?ioean? ?iaioe
nooaeaio?a iaae iiaioaaiiyi aiae?enueei? iiae, aeae?eeoe iniiai?
no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe oa aeaoa?i?iaioe i?ioeano ?o oi?ioaaiiy ?
?icaeoeo.

3. ?ic?iaeoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? i?ioeaaeo?e aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii?
a aeine?aeaeaii? iaoe oa ia?aa??ee noi?ioeueiaaii? a?iioace.

4. I?iaiae?coaaoe aeo?aeiee noai iioea?a o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae ye
i?io?eueiiai i?aaeiaoa o nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

5. Ciiaeaethaaoe iioeiaeuei? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iioeaaoe?eii?
iniiae i?ioan?eii-o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?.

Iaoiaeieia?/io oa oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy oai??? i?ciaiiy, eiioeaioe?y ae?yeuei?niiai iiina?aaeeoaaiiy
iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo (I.I.Eaiioue?a, N.Ae.Iaeneiaiei oa ?i.),
aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?/ieo iaoai?ci?a oe?eaiieeaaeaiiy oa
iioeaaoe?eii-nieneiai? ?aaoeyoe?? iiaaae?iee, aeeiiai? a eiioaeno?
caaaeueiiineoieia?/ii? oai??? ae?yeueiino? (A.N.A?aoonue,
Ae.I.Eaiioueaa, A.E.A?ethian oa ?i.), caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy
iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e iniaenoino?, a oaeiae aieiai? eiioeaiooaeuei? oace
oai??? o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?, ?ic?iaeaii? Ae.A.Aeueeii?iei, A.A.
Aeaaeaeiaei, A.E.Ia?eiaith oa ?i. C iaoiaeieia?/ii? oi/ee ci?o ieoaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy iia’ycaia c i?eioeeiaie ?aeiino? na?aeiiino?
oa ae?yeueiino?, nioe?aeueii? iaoiiaeaiino? aeoeaiino? noa’?eoa o
i?ioean? ae?yeueiino? oa ni?eeoaaiiy.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aoei aeei?enoaii eiiieaen
oai?aoe/ieo oa aii??e/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: aiae?c oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, o
i?ioean? yeiai aoee aeei?enoai? iaoiaee aieaooaaiiy, eiioaio-aiae?c
nooaeaionueeeo oai??a, aiae?c i?iaeoeo?a ae?yeueiino?, aeeth/aia
niinoa?aaeaiiy; ia iniia? aeaieo, io?eiaieo o eiinoaooth/?e /anoei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aoei i?iaaaeaii oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio oa aeei?enoaii
iaoiaee noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a c ianooiiith
ye?niith ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th ? ci?noiaei ocaaaeueiaiiyi. Iaoaiaoe/ia
ia?iaea aeaieo oa a?ao?/ia i?acaioaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a cae?enithaaeany ca
aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?iiai iaeaoo noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?ai STATISTICA.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o
A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
I.Eioethaeinueeiai i?ioyaii 1993-1998 ?ie?a ia oaeoeueoaoao:
o?eieia?/iiio, ?iicaiieo iia, i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a
na?aae nooaeaio?a, ye? aea/athoue aiae?enueeo iiao ye iaeio c
niaoe?aeueiinoae. Eiioeiaaio i?aeaeine?aeieo neeaee 104 nooaeaioe
cacia/aieo oaeoeueoao?a oa 12 aeeeaaea/?a.

Iaae?ei?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo aeaieo caaacia/oaaeanue aeai?ii
iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo iao? oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aea??ee aeine?aeaeoaaieo, iine?aeiaiith
?aae?caoe??th oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue o ?ica’ycaii? caaaeaiue aii??e/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, e?euee?niei oa ye?niei aiae?cii aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo, a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiyi aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aia?oa aoei aecia/aii ci?no
iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae ye i?io?eueiiai
i?aaeiaoa ia iniia? oaeeo e?eoa???a: ae??aino? iioeao, eiai
a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ia?aei?e ae?yeueiino? oa a?eiaei iniaeeainoyi noa’?eoa
o/?iiy, iayaiiio ca’yceo c iiceoeaieie aiioe?eieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie i?ae
/an caiyooy oa a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee aei iueiai; anoaiiaeaii
iioeiaeueio no?oeoo?o iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e noa’?eoa o/?iiy c oi/ee ci?o
eiai ?iaioe iaae iiaioaaiiyi aiae?enueeith iiaith ye i?io?eueiith
aeenoeeie?iith; iaa?oioiaaii iaoai?cie oa niiniae oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a
o/?iiy nooaeaio?a aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo; aenia?eiaioaeueii
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ca’ycie iioea?a oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aeina?aeo c
iaaaoeaieie ii/oooyie i?ae /an caiyooy c aiae?enueei? iiae oa cieaeaiiyi
o/aiai? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui
noi?ioeueiaai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieiaeaiiy, ?aea? oa
aeniiaee ? iiaeaeueoith ?ic?iaeith caaaeueii? oai??? iioeaaoe??
ae?yeueiino? oa iaaeaaia?ee aeui? oeiee, ?icoe?ththoue ? iiaeeaeththoue
oyaeaiiy i?i iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy
iioea?a o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a. I?iaiae?ciaaii noai iioea?a
o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oa ?o aieea
ia ?acoeueoaoeai?noue oe??? ae?yeueiino?. Aeyaeaii iioeae iaieiae?iiy
aiae?enueeith iiaith a oe?eiio ye aeinyaiaiiy ia?niaeoeaii? e?ioeaai?
iaoe, iioeae ?iaioe iaae ??cieie aniaeoaie iiae oa aeaeaie iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo. Aecia/aii ona?aeiiethaai? i?e/eie cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? a
i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae iiaith a oe?eiio oa iaaieie ?? aniaeoaie. Aea/aii
noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei ioe?iee ye oaeoi?a ciai?oiuei? iioeaaoe??,
i?inoaaeaii aa??aoeai?noue iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a caeaaeii a?ae ?ieo
iaa/aiiy, oaeoeueoaoo, ??aiy oni?oiino?.

I?iaaaeaii a?oioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy, ye? ? oeiiaeie oa aeooaeueieie
aeey nooaeaionueeiai a?eo oa ae?yeueiino? o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae oa
aeae?eaii oiiae oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui io?eiai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? aeicaieeee iaa?oiooaaoe oiiae, aecia/eoe
iioeiaeuei? oeyoe oa iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iioea?a o/?iiy
aiae?enueei? iiae o nooaeaio?a c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano iaa/aiiy
aiae?enueei? iiae o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae?. Cai?iiiiiaaia
iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, i?ciaaaeueieo ?
eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a o/?iiy iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey oi?ioaaiiy
aioo??oi?o niiioe o/?iiy aoaeue-yei? ?iicaiii? iiae, a aeaui
iiaeeo?eiaaia — aeey oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy
?ioeo i?io?eueieo aeenoeeie?i c iaoith ?ioaineo?eaoe?? o/aiai?
aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a, a ioaea, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeaaeai?/ii?
oni?oiino?, oi?ioaaiiy no?eeiai iiceoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aaeiaoa.

Noai?aii oa ai?iaiaaii aeaa aa??aioe caieoaeueieea, yeee aeicaiey?
aeyaeoe ona?aeiiethaai? iioeae o/?iiy nooaeaio?a AIC oa aecia/eoe ?o
e?euee?ni? ia?aiao?e.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. A iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? i?aoeyo
eiioeaiooaeuei? ?aea?, iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee oa ?acoeueoaoe ni?aaaoi??a ia
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaai?
o aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? oeyoe oa iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a
o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae o nooaeaio?a aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeeeaaea/aie
eaoaae?e ?iicaiieo iia A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. Eioethaeinueeiai i?ae /an ?iaioe c? nooaeaioaie
ia?oeo-o?ao?o eo?n?a o?eieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo, eaoaae?ith aiae?enueei?
iiae oaeoeueoaoo ?iicaiieo iia.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
??-e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a» /A?iieoey-Aa?, 1994/,
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ae?oa?ia ina?oa a
e?eciaiio noni?euenoa?: oeyoe noaiiaeaiiy ? aeaeeaaiiy» /E??iaia?aae,
1996/, 4-o Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo /eoaiiyo «A.I.Nooiieeinueeee ?
no/ani?noue» /A?iieoey, 1997/, 3-e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? TESOL
Ukra?ne «Mult?pl?c?ty and D?vers?ty of TESOL Exper?ences /A?iieoey,
1998/, i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?
? iaoiaee/i? canaaee eiino?othaaiiy ci?noo i?ioan?eii? ina?oe»
/A?iieoey, 1998/, can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee oa eaoaae?e ?iicaiieo
iia A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a iiaeii? aanoeny c
o?aooaaiiyi e?eoa???a ?o i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy, yeeie ne?ae
aaaaeaoe ae??a?noue iioeao, eiai a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ia?aei?e
ae?yeueiino? oa a?eiaei iniaeeainoyi noa’?eoa o/?iiy, a oaeiae ca’ycie
?c iiceoeaieie aiioe?eieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie i?ae /an caiyooy oa a i?ioean?
i?aeaioiaee aei iueiai.

2. Iioeaaie i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy c iaoith ?o oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
oi?ioaaiiy a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei? iiae o AIC ne?ae aeciaoe:
aeene?aoi? iioeae i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy ? i?ioeanoaeuei? i?ciaaaeuei?
oa eiioi?eaoeai? iioeae.

3. sse?ni? oa e?euee?ni? iieacieee no?oeoo?e iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio
o/?iiy oa eiai caaaeueia ?ioaineai?noue, o?aoiaoth/e aeae?eai? e?eoa???
i?aoa?aoeaiino?, iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe oaeei oiiaai:

o iioeaaoe?eiiio neiae?ii? o/?iiy iiaeii? aooe i?aaenoaaeai? iioeae
i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, i?ciaaaeuei? oa eiioi?eaoeai? niiioee;

/anoea iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy o caaaeueiiio neiae?ii?
iioeaaoe?? o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae ia? neeaaeaoe ia iaioa 50.0%,
eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a -20.0%, i?ciaaaeueieo — 20.0%, a /anoea iioea?a
oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aeina?aeo ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 10.0%.
?acoeueoaoeaia o/aiaa ae?yeuei?noue, i?ioean ia?aa?ao yei? iia`yco?oueny
c iiceoeaieie aiioe?eieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie, aoaea ?i?oe?thaaoeny, yeui c
oiia inoaiiuei? a?oie caaeiaieueiyoueny ia iaioa o?ueio.

4. Oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie iioea?a i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a?
noai?aiiy i?ioan?eiiai oyaeaiiy nooaeaio?a, /?oea aecia/aiiy oa
ona?aeiieaiiy e?ioeaai? iaoe o/?iiy, ?icoi?iiy i?aeoe/ii? cia/ouino? oa
ca’yceo c e?ioeaaith iaoith eiaeiiai ie?aii acyoiai caiyooy oa aeaeo
?iaioe, aeei?enoaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-aeeiiaa/i? oa
i?iaeaiii-?icaeaaeueii? no?aoaa?e aaaaeaiiy iaoe o/?iiy, i?e iaaeaii?
ia?aaaa inoaii?e, iaieiae?iiy niiniaaie i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? a
oiiaao iaaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaiino? onueiio i?aeoe/iiio eo?no aiae?enueei?
iiae, ni?yioaaiiy aiioe?eii-ioe?iieo noaeaeaiue aeeeaaea/a ia ciyooy
iaaaoeaieo ia?aaeeaaiue i?ae /an caiyooy c aiae?enueei? iiae oa
oi?ioaaiiy no?eeiai iiceoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aaeiaoa.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (353
iaeiaioaaiiy), aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 215 noi??iie,
iniiaiiai oaenoo – 157 noi??iie, 6 oaaeeoeue oa 6 ae?aa?ai ia 12
noi??ieao, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 30 noi??iie, aeiaeaoee — 28
noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny eiai iaoa, ia’?eo, i?aaeiao,
oi?ioeththoueny a?iioaca oa caaaeaiiy, aena?oeth?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia,
oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? aieiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iienothoueny oi?ie ?? ai?iaaoe??
oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e » Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iioea?a
o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a» i?enay/aiee aiae?co noaio ?ic?iaee
i?iaeaie a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a, aecia/aiith
aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue, oeyo?a ? iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy o
nooaeaionueeiio a?oe?.

Aiae?c noaio oai?aoe/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie
oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iioea?a o/?iiy aeicaiey? aecia/eoe aieiai?
iai?yie, ca yeeie cae?eniththoueny no/ani? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaeei ?c ieo ia`?aeio? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iiooee, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c aea/aiiyi iioea?a o/?iiy; iaoeiaoe? ?iaeyoue
ni?iao c’ynoaaoe aeaee oaeeo iioea?a, ?o a?aeiinia cia/aiiy aeey
oni?oiino? i?ioeano o/?iiy, oeyoe oa caniae ia?aaoaeiae iioea?a o/?iiy
i?ae aieeaii oaeoi??a ??ciiai aeaeo (Aeaen??aa I.?., Aa?aeoeueeee A.A.,
Ieaoiiiaa O.A., Aii/a?oe I.A. oa ?i.)

Ae?oaei aeinoaoiuei i?aaenoaaieoeueeei iai?yiii aeine?aeaeaiue ?
aea/aiiy ?ie? ??ciiai ?iaeo iiiaio?a ineo?/iiai aeeooy ethaeeie, ye?
iathoue aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey oi?ioaaiiy iniia iioeaaoe?? o/?iiy.
Nthaee iiaeia a?aeianoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy i?ciaaaeueieo
?ioa?an?a, aeoeaiino? o i?ioean? canai?iiy ciaiue (Uoe?ia A.?.,
Ieaen??iei O.I., A?aiaeo ?.A., Oanaiaa?aa Ae.O., Aeonaaeoeueeee I.E. oa
?i.); aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? noinothoueny ia?niaeoeaieo oe?eae o/?iiy
(Aaeniai ?.N., Iaiiiiyua A.?. oa ?i.). Aei oeueiai ae iai?yio iiaeia
a?aeianoe ?iaioe, ye? ?icaeyaeathoue iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai? oaeoi?e,
iia’ycai? ye c nioe?aeueieie yaeuaie (iai?eeeaae, iiaeeea?noue aeai?o
i?ioan??), oae ? yaeuaie iniaeno?nieie (iecueea, aeniea oni?oi?noue,
?io?), ye? aieeaathoue ia oa?aeoa? iioea?a o/?iiy (Ae?iiaa I.E.,
Iioo???a ?.I., A?ii?/aiei I.A. oa ?i.).

A?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a aecia/athoue i?ia?aeieie o/aiai-i?ciaaaeuei?
iioeae. Aea yeui i?ciaaaeuei? iioeae ? aenieii?iaeoeoeaieie aeey
i?ioeano o/?iiy oeiey??a, oi o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae? ?o ?ieue
aeaui ci?ith?oueny. Iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueiiai noaio nooaeaionoaa oa ?o
a?eia? oa?aeoa?enoeee aieeaathoue ia ae?yeuei?noue oaeei /eiii, ui aiia
aaea ia iiaea niiioeaoeny eeoa i?ciaaaeueieie iioeaaie, i?ciaaaeueiei
?ioa?anii. Oi?ioaaiiy o/?iiy ca?aaee o/?iiy aaea ia ni?aoeueiao?. Ia
ia?aaei?e ieai ooo aeoiaeeoue i?ioan?eia ni?yiiaai?noue nooaeaio?a, ?o
i???ioaoe?y ia iaeaooi?, yea /anoi iineoue a?aeaa?oi i?aaiaoe/iee
oa?aeoa?. Naia oiio i?ioean o/?iiy o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny «nai?ie» niaoeeo?/ieie iioeaaie, ye? aaaaoi a /iio
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae iioea?a o/?iiy oeiey??a, ? aeiaaathoue
aeaoaeueiiai oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy.

Caaaeueiiaeciaiei ? noaeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ca iaaieo oiia iiaea
niinoa??aaoeny ?noioia ?icoiaeaeaiiy iioea?a ona?aeiiethaaieo oa
?aaeueii ae?th/eo. Oea oa?aeoa?ia ? aeey o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?.

O nai?io aeine?aeaeaii? ie aeoiaeeii c oiai, ui o/aiaa ae?yeuei?noue
caaaeaee aoaea niiioeaoeny ?yaeii iioea?a. Iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaieie
aiie aoaeooue ca oiiae ?o iiaiiai ona?aeiieaiiy, a yae?ii o/aiai?
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a ? o/aiaa naiina?aeii?noue, i?ae yeith
A.A.Aiaiue?a ?icoi?a ona?aeiieaiiy oeie, ooi iaa/a?oueny, iioea?a,
oe?eae, i?eeii?a o/?iiy oa naiiai naaa ye noa’?eoa o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?,
yeee i?aai?co?, ni?yiiao? oa eiio?ieth? i?ioean o/?iiy.

Oiio caaaeaiiyi aeeeaaea/a a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iioea?a
o/?iiy ? noi?uaiiy aeaio ieai?a iioeao: ieaio ona?aeiieaiiy oa ieaio
ae??aino?.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae aeicaiey? cacia/eoe, ui eiaeiee ?c
aeine?aeiee?a, ye? aea/athoue i?iaeaio iioeaaoe?? o/?iiy, i?iiiio? naith
a?eueo-iaio aeaoaeueio no?oeoo?o iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e noa’?eoa o/?iiy,
i?aee?anethth/e i?e oeueiio cia/aiiy aeii?ioth/eo iioea?a. I?e oeueiio
eeaneo?eaoe?? i?ia?aeieo niiioe (oae caaia aaaeaia, aai i?aoa?aoeaia
aeii?ioaaiiy) oa?aeoa?ecothoueny cia/iei ?icoiaeaeaiiyi.

Ie aaaaea?ii, ui iioeae i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy iiaeii? aecia/aoeny
ca iaaieie e?eoa??yie. Oaeeie e?eoa??yie aoee ia?ai?: a) ae??a?noue
iioeao (caeaoi?noue ?i?oe?thaaoe ae?yeuei?noue); a) a?aeiia?aei?noue
iioeao i?ia?aei?e ae?yeueiino? oa a?eiaei iniaeeainoyi noa’?eoa o/?iiy;
a) ca’ycie c iiceoeaieie aiioe?eieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa aeina?ae i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? aeaa
ciiao aeciaoe, ui iioeaaie o/?iiy, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue oaeei e?eoa??yi
? iioeae i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, i?ciaaaeuei? ? eiioi?eaoeai? niiioee
o/?iiy. Iniiaiith oiiaith oi?ioaaiiy cacia/aieo niiioe aenooia? iaaiei
/eiii i?aai?ciaaia o/aiaa ae?yeuei?noue iethn aeaiaioe iaoai?cio
oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a «caa?oo aiec» (A.A.An??a). Niaoe?aeueiith
i?aai?caoe??th ae?yeueiino?, yea caeaoia aieeiooe ia iioeaaoe?eio noa?o
noa’?eoa o/?iiy, aoaea ?? iiaoaeiaa ia iniia? iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai
i?aeoiaeo. Iaeiae oeae aeniiaie iio?aao? ?aoaeueii? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
ia?aa??ee.

I?aai?caoe?y iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae ia iniia?
iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo icia/a?, ui iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
iiaeiai aoaeoaaoeny c iaeneiaeueiei o?aooaaiiyi ieioeiai aeina?aeo
nooaeaioa, eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae oa
i?aai?coaaoeny ye o/aiaa ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eoa, ia’?eoii yei? ?
ae?yeuei?noue iiaeaii?aa.

Oiiaaie oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy o
nooaeaionueeiio a?oe? oaeiae aenooiaoeiooue: noi?iiaaia i?ioan?eia
oyaeaiiy nooaeaio?a; /?oei aecia/aia oa ona?aeiieaia e?ioeaaa iaoa
o/?iiy; ?icoi?iiy i?aeoe/ii? cia/ouino? oa ca’yceo c e?ioeaaith iaoith
eiaeiiai ie?aii acyoiai caiyooy, eiaeiiai aeaeo ?iaioe; aeei?enoaiiy
?ai?iaeoeoeaii-aeeiiaa/i? oa i?iaeaiii-?icaeaaeueii? no?aoaa?e aaaaeaiiy
iaoe o/?iiy, i?e iaaeaii? ia?aaaa inoaii?e; aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a
aiioe?eii? ?aaoeyoe?? a o/aia?e ae?yeueiino?; a?aei?aoethaaiiy nenoaie
iaa/aeueieo ae?e, ui iaeii/anii aenooia? oiiaith oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a o/?iiy.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, aeina?aeo i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
i?ioan?eieo iioea?a, ye? iiaeii? ao?eeoeny o iinoaiiaoe? e?ioeaai? iaoe.
Ine?eueee e?ioeaaa iaoa eo?no «I?aeoe/ii? aiae?enueei? iiae» o AIC ?
aeineoue a?aeaeaeaiith a /an?, oi aiia iiaeiia i?aee??iethaaoeny ye
i?ii?aeieie oe?eyie o/?iiy, ui o?nii iia’ycai? c iath, oae ? ?yaeii
i?ioeanoaeueieo iioea?a, ??ciiaeaeii yeeo ? i?ciaaaeuei? niiioee.

Oiiaaie oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a o/?iiy
aecia/athoueny: aaaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ia ??ai? ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae nooaeaioa, iaeneiaeueia iii?a ia ieneeoaeueio
ae?yeuei?noue; aiioe?eia aoiinoa?a iaa/aiiy; ni?eyoeeaa ni?eeoaaiiy a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, aeoea?caoe?y o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?a iieacaee, ui iaieiae?iiy niiniaaie
i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ia? aenieee iioeaoth/ee iioaioe?ae. sse iaeei
?c oeyo?a ?aae?caoe?? oe??? ?aea? iiaea aenooiaoe oaea i?aai?caoe?y
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, a oiiaao yei? iino?eii i?aeo?eioaaany a oa
oi?ioaaany ?ioa?an aei niinia?a naiino?eiiai caeiaoooy ciaiue.

sse ??ciiaeae i?ciaaaeueii? iioeaaoe?? a i?ioean? o/?iiy aiae?enueei?
iiae aeae?ey?oueny e?iaaii?ciaaaeueia iioeaaoe?y, yea iieyaa? a
iiceoeaiiio noaaeaii? oeo, ooi iaa/a?oueny, aei naii? iiaii? iaoa??? oa
aea/aiiy iniiaieo yeinoae iiae. Iiaeia aecia/eoe aeaa oeyoe ??
oi?ioaaiiy: iiina?aaeeiaaiee (oiaoi /a?ac i?ioan?ei? oa eiioi?eaoeai?
iioeae) oa aaciina?aaei?e, oeyoii noeioethaaiiy iiooeiai? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaio?a o iiaiiio iaoa??ae?.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith oi?ioaaiiy i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a ?
aioo??oiy aiioeaiaai?noue aeeeaaea/a.

Niaoeeo?ea aiae?enueei? iiae ye iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoa (ni?eeoaaiiy ? ye
e?ioeaaith iaoith o/?iiy, oae ? caniaii ?? aeinyaiaiiy), aeicaiey?
aeae?eeoe i?ia?aeieie niiioeaie ?? o/?iiy iioeae eiioi?eaoeai?.

O nai?io aeine?aeaeaii? ie aeoiaeeee c oiai, ui iaeaaaeeea?oith oiiaith
oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a o/?iiy aoaea iaaeaiiy
eiioi?eaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o anueiio eo?no iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae,
oiaoi iiaoaeiaa eiai ye iiaeae? i?ioeano i?aeiniaeno?niiai ni?eeoaaiiy
oa aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ieueiai? a?e.

Oiiae oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo, eiioi?eaoeaieo, i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a
o/?iiy nooaeaio?a ia ? /?oei ?iciaaeiaaieie. Aiie aenooiathoue o
aca?iica’yceo oa ciaoiaeyoueny o a?aeiineiao aca?iiaieeao, ine?eueee
oae? ae a?aeiineie oa?aeoa?i? ? aeey a?aeiia?aeieo niiioe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei?
iiae» aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioea?a
o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae o nooaeaio?a AIC, aecia/aii iioeae
i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy c iaoith ?o oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy,
i?aaenoaaeaii iiaeaeue oa i?aai?caoe?th oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo,
i?iaiae?ciaaii eiai ?acoeueoaoe.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui ???a?o?/ia yae?i
iioeaaoe?? o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae nooaeaioaie AIC neeaaeathoue iioeae
i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, eiioi?eaoeai?, i?ciaaaeuei?, ye? aeineoue
/anoi i?aee??ieththoueny iioeaaie ciai?oi?ie, ui iiaeooue aooe
iiae?eaieie ia aea? a?oie: iioeae-aeiaeaoeia? noeioee aeoeaiino?,
ni?yiiaai? ia io?eiaiiy aeniei? ioe?iee oa iioaaee aeeeaaea/a, oiaa?eo?a
ii a?oi? oa iioeae oieeiaiiy iai?e?iiiai aeina?aeo, ye? aaeueiothoue
aeoeai?noue ia caiyoo? oa i?ecaiaeyoue aei iaae?iiy oni?oiino? oa
aeieeiaiiy iaaaoeaieo ii/ooo?a i?ae /an caiyooy c aiae?enueei? iiae, ui
aaaea aei oi?ioaaiiy no?eeiai iaaaoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aaeiaoa.
Iniiaia ???a?o?/ia yae?i iioeaaoe?? o/?iiy ia cacia? nooo?aeo ci?i o
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeeo oaeoi??a ye oaeoeueoao, ??e iaa/aiiy oa ??aaiue
oni?oiino?. ??ciee ??aaiue oni?oiino? aecia/a?oueny ia ye?niei neeaaeii
aeii?ioth/eo iioea?a o/?iiy, a ??ciei ??aiai ?icaeoeo ?o ae?yeuei?niiai
eiiiiiaioo oa iniaeea?noth no?oeoo?e ?o iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e.

Caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iioea?a o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae o
nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?i
oa, ye? naia iioeae ne?ae oi?ioaaoe oa ?icaeaaoe. Aa?o/e aei oaaae
iie?aiioeaiaai?noue ae?yeueiino? o/?iiy, oea ? ia i?inoi ieoaiiy iiooeo
oa a?aeai?o oiai /e ?ioiai ie?aii acyoiai iioeao c iaoith eiai
oi?ioaaiiy, a aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? no?oeoo?e iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e
nooaeaioa.

O ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyoii iaoaiaoe/ii?
ia?iaee e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a c ianooiiith ye?niith ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th oa
ci?noiaei ocaaaeueiaiiyi aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui ye?ni? oa e?euee?ni?
iieacieee no?oeoo?e iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio o/?iiy oa eiai caaaeueia
?ioaineai?noue, a?aoiaoth/e aeae?eai? iaie e?eoa??? i?aoa?aoeaiino?,
iiaeii? caaeiaieueiyoe oae? oiiae:

1) o iioeaaoe?eiiio neiae?ii? o/?iiy iiaeii? aooe i?aaenoaaeai? iioeae
i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, i?ciaaaeuei? oa eiioi?eaoeai?;

2) /anoea iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy o caaaeueiiio neiae?ii?
iioeaaoe?? o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae ia? neeaaeaoe ia iaioa 50.0%,
eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a — 20.0%, i?ciaaaeueieo — 20.0 %, a /anoea iioea?a
oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe
10.0%. ?acoeueoaoeaia o/aiaa ae?yeuei?noue, i?ioean ia?aa?ao yei?
iia`yco?oueny c iiceoeaieie aiioe?eieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie aoaea
?i?oe?thaaoeny, yeui c oiia inoaiiuei? a?oie caaeiaieueiyoueny ia iaioa
o?ueio.

Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue oaeiae i?i oa, ui iieaciee aaaeaiiai ??aiy
oni?oiino? iiceoeaii ei?aeth? ?c oa?aeoa?ii ii/ooo?a oa aiioe?e, ye?
ia?aaeeaathoueny nooaeaioii i?ae /an caiyooy.

Ciai?oi? iioeae, ye? a i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae iiaith aeeiioaaoeiooue ?ieue
aeiaeaoeiaeo noeioe?a, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o e?euee?niiai cia/aiiy, ia
iathoue noaoenoe/ii cia/oui? ei?aeyoe?? i? c ??aiai aaaeaii? oni?oiino?,
i? c oa?aeoa?ii ii/ooo?a i?ae /an caiyooy. Iaeiae ia ??ai? oaiaeaioe??
niinoa??aa?oueny iiceoeaiee ca’ycie i?ae aenioith /eneiaiai iieacieea
i?aaenoaaeaiino? ciai?oi?o noeioe?a oa iaaecia/ai?noth ii/ooo?a. (Ca
aeaieie niinoa?aaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo, ca iaaecia/ai?noth, ye
i?aaeei, i?eoiaothoueny iaaaoeai? ii/oooy).

Oaeei /eiii, i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iioea?a o/?iiy iiaeiai aooe
ni?yiiaaiee ia o?eueee ia i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueiiai iieacieea
?ioaineaiino? iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio, a e ia oi?ioaaiiy oaei? eiai
no?oeoo?e, yea a caaeiaieueiyea aeua caaaeai? oiiae. Oea iiaeiai aooe
i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ia yeiainue iaeiiai iioeao, a ?o o??aaee: iioea?a
i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, eiioi?eaoeaieo oa i?ciaaaeueieo, oa aiaeii/an
ciyooy aai caaaeaiiy aei i?i?ioio i?aaenoaaeaiino? iioea?a oieeiaiiy
iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo, ye? cia/iith i??ith aieeaaoeiooue ia
oa?aeoa? ii/ooo?a, ye? nooaeaio ia?aaeeaa? i?ae /an caiyooy, oa
i?ecaiaeyoue aei oi?ioaaiiy no?eeiai noaaeaiiy aei ae?yeueiino? o/?iiy
?iicaiii? iiae.

Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aoea cae?eniaia ni?iaa ae/eaioaaoe
ci?no oa aoaie oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy,
eiioi?eaoeaieo oa i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy
aiae?enueei? iiae. Ana oea aeicaieeei ie?aneeoe oeyoe, aecia/eoe i?eeiie
oa caniae oi?ioaaiiy aeua caaaeaieo iioea?a o/?iiy o nooaeaio?a aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ia caiyooyo c aiae?enueei? iiae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny i?ioyaii 1997-1998 iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo ia aac?
A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ieoaeea
Eioethaeinueeiai. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa aaeany ia?aeaeueii ia
o?eieia?/iiio oaeoeueoao? oa oaeoeueoao? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo
eean?a, o a?oiao nooaeaio?a, iaei??th c? niaoe?aeueiinoae yeeo ?
«Aiae?enueea iiaa».

Iaa/aiiy o eiio?ieueieo a?oiao cae?enithaaeiny ca?aeii c o?aaeeoe?eiith
iaoiaeeeith, oiaoi aeeiioaai? nooaeaioaie ai?aae oa caaaeaiiy iineee, a
iniiaiiio, iiaiee oa?aeoa? ? aoee ni?yiiaai? ia canai?iiy iaaieo
a?aiaoe/ieo ? eaene/ieo yaeu oa oi?iiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o o iiaiio
eiioaeno?. Nooaeaioe io?eioaaee ioe?ieo ca ye?noue aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

A aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao iaa/aiiy iaei oae? iniaeeaino?:

Aecia/ath/e iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ye aca?iiae?th aeeeaaea/a oa nooaeaioa,
ni?yiiaaio ia aeinyaiaiiy ni?eueii? i?ciaaaeueii? iaoe, ne?aeii ca
A.A.Aeaaeaeiaei oa Ae.A.Aeueeii?iei, aeae?eeii oaeo eiai no?oeoo?o:

1) aeooae?caoe?y oai?aoeei-i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano;

2) aecia/aiiy e?ioeaai? o/aiai? iaoe;

3) iiia?aaei? aecia/aiiy nenoaie i?ii?aeieo oe?eae oa niinia?a ?o
aeinyaiaiiy;

4) aeeiiaiiy nenoaie aeania o/aiaeo ae?e;

5) ae?? eiio?ieth;

6) ae?? ioe?iee.

Eiaeai ?c cacia/aieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ia? cia/i? iioaioe?ei?
iiaeeeaino? aeey oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy, oiaoi ?o oi?ioaaiiy ?
?icaeoie iiaeeeaee ia eiaeiiio ?c aeae?eaieo aoai?a i?ioeano o/?iiy.
Oae, ae?oaee ? o?ao?e aoaie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaea?eueoeie
iioaioe?eieie iiaeeeainoyie oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy,
/aoaa?oee — iioea?a i?ciaaaeueieo oa eiioi?eaoeaieo, i’yoee oa oinoee
aoaie noai?ththoue oiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy an?o o?ueio cacia/aieo
eaoaai??e niiioe o/aiai? ae?yeueiino?.

C iaoith oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy ia ae?oaiio ?
o?aoueiio aoaiao, ie caa?oaee iniaeeao oaaao ia oa, uia iaoa ia o?eueee
/?oei ona?aeiiethaaeany iaaeaaiaii, aea e aeeth/aeany ye iaia’yceiaee
aeaiaio aei nenoaie iaa/aiiy.

Iath/e ia iao? caaacia/aiiy ?ioa??i?ecaoe?? oe?eae caiyooy, a ioaea,
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo i?ioan?eieo iioea?a o/?iiy, i?ae /an
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-aeeiiaa/a
oa i?iaeaiii-?icaeaaeueia no?aoaa?? aaaaeaiiy iaoe o/?iiy, i?e iaaeaii?
ia?aaaa inoaii?e, oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee noai?aiiy
aiioe?iaaiieo aoaeo?a o i?ioean? aaaaeaiiy iaoe, yea /anoi aeaiaeeeany
nooaeaioaie c i?iaeaiii? neooaoe??.

Oi?ioaaiith i?ioan?eieo oyaeaiue nooaeaio?a ye iaeiiio ?c oeyo?a
oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy neoaoaaei aaaaeaiiy a
i?ioean iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae ie?aii? ?iciiaii? oaie, yea
noinoaaeany iaeaooiuei? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a, oa
iaaiai?aiith yei? aoei i?enay/aii na??th aoaeeoi?ieo caiyoue, iaienaiiy
oai?/eo ?ia?o.

Ona?aeiieaiith nooaeaioaie aeanii? iiaeeeaino? aeineiiaei iiaioaaoe
iiao, ui ? iaei??th c oiia i?eeiyooy e?ioeaai? iaoe ?? o/?iiy oa
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, neoaoaaea
i?aai?caoe?y cono??/ae c iin?yie iiae, i?eeo/aiiy aei ei?enooaaiiy
oiiaeaie i?ea?iaeueii? e?oa?aoo?e Engl?sh Learn?ng Resource Centre,
noai?aiiai ia aac? oaeoeueoaoo ?iicaiieo iia A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai.

?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a eiinoaooth/?e /anoei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeineoue
/?oei aeacothoue ia oa, ui i?e/eiith cieaeaiiy oa a?aenooiino?
aeoeaiino? ia caiyoo? c aiae?enueei? iiae ? iayai?noue iioea?a oieeiaiiy
iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo oa cae/i?noue iaaaoeaieo ii/ooo?a. Oe?
ae oaeoi?e, ca oiiae ?o iiaoi?thaaii? ae??, aoaeooue i?e/eiith
oi?ioaaiiy no?eeiai iaaaoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aaeiaoa, iaae?iiy
?ioaineaiino? aioo??oi?o iioea?a o/?iiy.

Aeey oiai, uia aecia/eoe oeyoe oa iaoiaee onoiaiiy oaeeo iioea?a
oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo ie ?icaeyioee ?o i?e?iaeo oa
i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy. E?ea?aeaoe?y oaei? i?e/eie aai ?o a?oi neoaoaaea
onoiaiith a?aeiia?aeieo niiioe.

Nooaeaio ai?oueny ?iaeoe iiieeee a iia? iae/ano?oa c aeaio i?e/ei:
iaaaaeaiiy io?eiaoe iaaaoeaio ioe?ieo aai ioe?ieo, ieae/o a?ae o???, ia
yeo a?i cae/ii i?aoaiaeo? ? yea a?aeiia?aea? eiai ??aith naiiioe?iee oa
??aith aeiiaaaiue oa iiaithaaiiy aooe canoaeaeaiei iaeiia?oiieeaie,
ao?aoeoe naith ?aiooaoe?th aai ni?eyoe oi?ioaaiith oyaeaiue i?i naaa ye
i?i iacae?aiiai nooaeaioa, oiaoi ao?aoeoe aai cieceoe na?e noaoon o
eieaeoea?.

Ioaea oeyoii onoiaiiy iaaaoeaieo niiioe o/?iiy aoei ia?aii ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? ioe?iee oa oi?ioaaiiy aca?iia?aeiinei o
a?oi?, ye? a a?oiooaaeeny ia aca?iiiiaac?, aca?iiaeiiiiic? oa
aca?ii?icoi?ii?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeaii? iaoe ie a?aeiiaeeeny a?ae iio?i/iiai
ioe?ithaaiiy ciaiue nooaeaio?a, ioe?ithaaiiy eiaeiiai aeaeo ?iaioe ia
caiyoo?, ?acoeueoaoii yeiai aoea a ioe?iea a aeo?iae?. Aeey ?ioi?ioaaiiy
nooaeaio?a i?i ia’?eoeaiee ??aaiue ?o aeinyaiaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
aiioe?eii-ioe?ii? noaeaeaiiy, ye? /?oei iaa?oioiaoaaeeny aeeeaaea/ai.
Oaaaa aeoeaiooaaeany ia iiceoeaieo ioe?ieao, ia noaaeaii?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa a?oiiaeo aeinyaiaiue.

C iaoith ciyooy ae?oai? i?e/eie ia caiyoo? c aiae?enueei? iiae
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ai?aae, ye? iathoue aoiai?noe/io ni?yiiaai?noue, oiaoi
?acii ?c aeoea?caoe??th iiaieo iaae/ie ni?yiiaai? ia ?icaeoie
naiii?ciaiiy, naii?icoi?iiy, naiiaeooae?caoe??, a ?acii c oei ?icoi?iiy
?ioeo, aiiao??, iio?aae o ni?ai?aoe?. Oiaoi caaaeaiiyi aeeeaaea/a
aenooiaa ?icaeoie ye ?ioaeaeooaeueii? noa?e nooaeaio?a, oae ?
aiioe?eii-/ooo?ai?.

Ca oiia aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy ae?yeuei?noue aeeeaaea/a aoea
oaeiae ni?yiiaaia ia oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a ocaaaeueiaieo niinia?a
iiooeo iio??aii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e iaeyaeiaiio /eoaii?, ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
oaenoo, aiae?co oai?o, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey aeiiaoiueiai /eoaiiy,
?iaioe c iiaeie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie. Ae?yeuei?noue oi?ioaaiiy
ocaaaeueiaieo niinia?a iaea ia iao? oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy aeae?eyoe
no?oeoo?o oaei? ae?yeueiino? oa a?aei?aoethaaiiy eiaeiiai ?? aeaiaioa c
ianooiiei naiino?eiei a?aeoai?aiiyi oa canoinoaaiiyi o iiaiio eiioaeno?.

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy iiaiioe?iieo iioea?a o/?iiy ?
iaoiae iaa/aiiy, yeee aea? iiaeeea?noue i?aai?coaaoe aioo??oith
?ioaineaio aeoeai?noue noa’?eo?a o/?iiy oa caaacia/o? iaiao?aei? oiiae
oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo a?aeiia?aeieo iioea?a. Oaeei iaoiaeii o eiioaeno?
iaoiai aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiaei i?aai?/ia ii?aeiaiiy
eiioi?eaoeaiiai iaoiaeo iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae, c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy
eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a o/?iiy oa iaieiae?iiy iiaeaii?aeie iaae/eaie oa
i?iaeaiii-iiooeiaiai, c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a o/?iiy
oa iiaioaaiiy iiaieo yaeu.

Iaeiei c? oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy ca oiia
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy aoei aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue i?ioan?eii?
ni?yiiaaiino? ia caeeth/iiio aoai? ?iaioe iaae eiaeiith oaiith,
i?aeoe/ia iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie iaae/eaie i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?.
Oeueiio ni?eya oa?aeoa? ie?aieo caaaeaiue a i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae
aeiiaoi?i /eoaiiyi.

Aeey i?aeo?eiee cai?ioiiai ca’yceo c? nooaeaioaie i?ae /an i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae a oiiaao aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaa/aiiy aoea aeei?enoaia ?aeay ae?aeiao-aeo?iaeo.

Iaa/aiiy aiae?enuee?e iia? ye i?io?euei?e aeenoeeie?i?, ci?aai?ciaaia o
oaeee niin?a, iaei neoaoaaoe ?icaeoeo iioea?a o/?iiy oeueiai i?aaeiaoa,
ye? aoee aeae?eai? iaie ye iioeae i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy: iioea?a
i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, eiioi?eaoeaieo oa i?ciaaaeueieo, a oaeiae
ciaioaiith ?ioaineaiino? iioea?a oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai
aeina?aeo, ye? a eiioaeno? aeine?aeaeoaaii? ae?yeueiino? aenooiaoeiooue
niiioeith cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a, ni?yiiaaii? ia iaieiae?iiy
aiae?enueei? iiaith.

Iieacieeii ??aiy noi?iiaaiino? iioea?a o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae aoee
?acoeueoaoe o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? oa oa?aeoa? ia?aa?ao naiiai
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano. ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? aei??thaaeenue ca oaeeie
ia?aiao?aie:

1) oaeaee?noue aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiiy;

2) i??a onoaeaiino? ocaaaeueiaii? ae?? (aeei?enoaiiy ?? ca iiaeo oiia);

3) e?euee?noue iiieeie.

Oa?aeoa? o/aiai? ae?yeueiino? ye iiina?aaeeiaaiee iieaciee aeoeaiino?
iioea?a o/?iiy aei??thaaany ca oaeeie ia?aiao?aie:

1) iioeaaoe?eia ?i?oe?aoeai?noue (aeiiiaiaiiy, ye? aiineeeny o aeeiiaiiy
caaaeaiue, naiino?eia iinoaiiaea caieoaiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia iiaeeaeaiiy
ciaiue c iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoa, i?aaiaiiy aeeiiaoe aeiaeaoeiao ?iaioo,
naiino?eiee iiooe ?ioi?iaoe??);

2) cina?aaeaeai?noue (/an ?iaioe aac a?aeaie?eaiue, oi/i?noue ? iiaiioa
aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiiy, ?aoaeueia i?aeaioiaea aei caiyooy);

3) aiioe?ei? eiiiiiaioe o/?iiy (aiioe?ei? ?aaeoe?? a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy
caaaeaiiy oa eiai aeeiiaiiy, iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai? ioe?iee cia/ouino?
aea/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae oa aeoeaii? ?iaioe ia caiyoo?).

Aiae?c cacia/aieo ia?aiao??a aeicaieea iai aeae?eeoe iciaee ??ai?a
noi?iiaaiino? iioea?a o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae.

Ca an?ia oeeie iieacieeaie cae?enithaaeiny ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a
iaa/aiiy o eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo iieacaa, ui cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
o i?ioean iaa/aiiy aiae?enueei? iiae o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae?
iiaeo /eiiee?a aeicaieeei ?noioii ca?eueoeoe c?inoaiiy ia?aaaaeii?
a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia?aiao??a. I?i oea na?ae/aoue oaeoe/i?
aeai?, io?eiai? a oiae? aenia?eiaioo.

Oae iiina?aaeeiaaieie iieacieeaie oni?oiino? oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy
nooaeaio?a iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe iieacieee aeeiai?ee ?ioa?ano aei
aiae?enueei? iiae ye iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoa aei ii/aoeo oa i?ney
i?iaaaeaiiy oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo, iieacieee /anoioe caa?oaiiy
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00000000

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0000010200000000050000000902ffffff00040000002701ffff030000000000?en. 2.
Aeeiai?ea ?iaioe iaae iicai?ia?aiiei iaoa??aeii c aiae?enueei? iiae ia
o?eieia?/iiio oaeoeueoao?.

Aeai? i?i no?oeoo?o iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio o/?iiy nooaeaio?a iaei??? c
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi, io?eiai? aei ii/aoeo oa i?ney caaa?oaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith
iaaiaeyoueny o oaaeeoeyo 1, 2.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aiae?c iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio o/?iiy nooaeaio?a oa e?eoa???
aeioe?eueiino? eiai oi?ioaaiiy (o?eieia?/iee oaeoeueoao,
aenia?eiaioaeueia a?oia)

?Nooaeaioe a?oieA

A

AAAeA?AE1Oaoyia A.(1) 3(-4) 6(3) 3(2) 1 (5) 1(15) 14(5.0) 5(i)
+2Ienaia A.(1) 3(-4) 4(3) 4(0) 0(3) 0(11) 11(-3.5) 4(-) +3??eia
A.(1) 3(-4) 5(0) 3(0) 0(2) 1(7) 12(3.0) 4(i) +4??eia Ae.(3)
3(8) 8(4) 4(0) 0(1) 1(16) 16(4.5) 4(+) +5Ienaia C.(3) 4(7)
8(4) 4(0) 0(0) 0(14) 16(5.0) 5(+) +6A?eoi??y E.(3) 5(7) 8(3)
4(0) 0(1) 0(14) 17(5.0) 5(+) +7Ieaen?e E.(3) 5(8) 8(3) 4(1)
1(0) 0(15) 18(5.0) 5(+) +8Na?oeaia I.(2) 3(4) –5(2) 4(0) 0(4)
1(12) 13(3.0) 3(-) i9?oneai I.(4) 4(6) 7(2) 3(2) 1(1) 0(15)
15(5.0) 5(+) +10THe?y ?.(3) 4(-5) 6(1) 3(1) 1(3) 0(12) 14(4.0)
4(a) +11TH??e N.(3) 4(-6) 6(1) 2(1) 1(4) 1(14) 14(-3.0) 4(-)
+12Ia?’yia O.(1) 4(-7) 6(1) 3(1) 1(2) 0(12) 14(-3.0) 4(-)
+13Aieiaeeie? O.(1) 4(6) 8(5) 6(0) 0(0) 0(12) 18(5.0) 5(+)
+Noia(27) 49(76) 87(32) 47(8) 6(26) 5(169)192

Oaaeeoey 2

Aiae?c iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio o/?iiy nooaeaio?a oa e?eoa???
aeioe?eueiino? eiai

oi?ioaaiiy (o?eieia?/iee oaeoeueoao, eiio?ieueia a?oia)

?Nooaeaioe a?oieAAAAAeA?AE1??eia A.(3) 3(6) 7(2) 2(3) 3(1)
1(15) 16(5) 5(+) +2Ieaia A.(1) 2(-4) -6(2) 3(2) 1(5)
4(14) 16(-3) -3(-) -3A?eoi??y Ae.(2) 3(7) 7(4) 4(0) 0(0)
0(13) 14(5) 5(+) +4AEaiia Ae.(3) 3(7) 8(3) 2(0) 1(4)
2(17) 16(5) 5(i) i5Aaiia C.(4) 3(6) 7(2) 3(1) 2(1)
0(14) 15(5) 5(+) +6Iaoae?y C.(1) 1(-5) -5(3) 2(2) 2(4)
5(15) 15(-3.5)-3(-) -7Na?oeaia N.(1) 2(-4) -7(3) 4(1) 1(4)
3(13) 17(-3) -3(-) i8Ienaia I.(2) 3(-7) 6(2) 3(0) 1(5)
4(16) 17(3) 4(i) i9Iaoae?y I.(3) 4(8) 8(3) 4(1) 1(0)
1(15) 18(4.5) 5(+) +10A?oai O.(3) 3(6) 7(1) 2(1) 2(3)
3(14) 17(3.5 ) 4(-) -11Oaoyia O.(4) 2(6) 6(3) 2(0) 1(1)
2(14) 13(5) 4(+) i12Iaae?y *.(3) 3(7) 6(4) 4(1) 1(3)
2(18) 16(4) 5(i) +13Ieueaa O.(1) 2(6) -7(1) 2(1) 1(2)
3(11) 15(-3) 3(-) -Noia(31) 34(79) 87(33) 37(13) 17(33) 30(189)
205

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: A — eiioi?eaoeai? iioeae, A — iioeae i?ioan?eiiai
aeinyaiaiiy, A — i?ciaaaeuei? iioeae, A — ciai?oi? iioeae, ui
noeioeththoue aeoeai?noue, Ae — ciai?oi? iioeae oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai
aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo, A — noia?iee iieaciee ?ioaineaiino? iioea?a
o/?iiy, ? — na?aaei? cia/aiiy aecaiaiaoe?eii? ioe?iee c i?aaeiaoa ca 1-e
? 2-e naiano?e, AE — cae/ia ii/oooy ia caiyoo? c iiae: + — iiceoeaia, –
— iaaaoeaia, a — aaeaeoae?noue, i — nooaeaio aaaa?oueny o aecia/aii?. A
aeoaeeao iiaeathoueny iieacieee, aecia/ai? aei ii/aoeo
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy.

On? aeei?enoai? iaie caniae oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy,
eiioi?eaoeaieo oa i?ciaaaeueieo, a oaeiae ciyooy niiioe oieeiaiiy
iaaaoeaiiai aeina?aeo aeicaieeee io?eiaoe a??ia?aeiee i?e??no ii eiaei?e
?c a?oi o aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueieie.

O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy cia/ii
i?aeaeueeeny iieacieee ?ioaineaiino? iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, a
oaeiae eiioi?eaoeaieo oa i?ciaaaeueieo niiioe o/?iiy. ?acoeueoaoii
?icaeoeo cacia/aieo iioea?a o/?iiy noaei iie?auaiiy oaeoe/ieo ciaiue c
iiae oa oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iaae/ie, ui ae?aceeiny i?aeaeuaiiyi
oni?oiino? c i?aaeiaoa. O i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy aaeaeiny
cieceoe ?ioaineai?noue iioea?a oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai
aeina?aeo: i?ney caaa?oaiiy aenia?eiaioo o aeiaeiiai nooaeaioa iieaciee
?ioaineaiino? oe??? a?oie iioea?a ia ia?aaeuoaaa 1. C?inoaiiy noia?iiai
iieacieea ?ioaineaiino? o?ueio iioea?a, aecia/aieo iaie iioeaaie
i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy, i?ecaaei aei ci?ie oa?aeoa?o aeoeaiino?
nooaeaio?a i?ae /an caiyooy oa niinia?a i?iaaaeaiiy a?eueiiai /ano, a
oaeiae c?inoaiiy oni?oiino? c i?aaeiaoa, iiceoeaii? ci?ie cae/ieo
ii/ooo?a, ye? ia?aaeeaathoue nooaeaioe i?ae /an caiyooy c aiae?enueei?
iiae.

Iaea?aeai? o aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?acoeueoaoe a oe?eiio
i?aeoaa?aeeee aenoiooo a?iioaco oa aeicaieeee c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. Oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a ? neeaaeiei ?
aaaaoioaeoi?iei i?ioeanii, yeee iiaeiai aanoeny c o?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae noa’?eoa o/?iiy, a oaeiae iie?aoeny ia
iayaiee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo oa ci?no eiai iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e.

2. Iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaieie oa aeooaeueieie aeey
nooaeaionueeiai a?eo iioeaaie o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae ye i?io?eueiiai
i?aaeiaoa ?: iioeae i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, i?ciaaaeuei?,
eiioi?eaoeai?, aocueeiiniaeno?ni? iioeae oa iioeae oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai
aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo.

3. Iniiaieie /eiieeaie, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ?
?icaeoeo iioea?a o/?iiy ?: ia?icoi?iiy i?aeoe/ii? cia/ouino? iaoa??aeo,
ui aea/a?oueny, ona?aeiieaiiy aeanii? iaeiiiaoaioiino?, a?aenooi?noue
iiaeeeaino? ?ioaineaiiai iaoi?iaeueiiai ni?eeoaaiiy, iaoe?eaa?noue
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, a?aenooi?noue oe?eani?yiiaaii? ?iaioe ii
iiaioaaiith oa aaeineiiaeaiith niinia?a ?iaioe iaae aiae?enueeith
iiaith.

4. Iioeae o/?iiy nooaeaio?a iiaeii? oi?ioaaoeny ca?aeii e?eoa???a
i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy. Oaeeie e?eoa??yie aenooiathoue: ae??a?noue
iioeao; a?aeiia?aei?noue iioeao i?ia?aei?e ae?yeueiino? oa a?eiaei
iniaeeainoyi noa’?eoa o/?iiy; ca’ycie iioeao c iiceoeaieie aiioe?eieie
ia?aaeeaaiiyie i?ae /an caiyooy oa a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee aei iueiai.

5. Iioeaaie i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy a eiioaeno? ae?yeueiino? o/?iiy
aiae?enueei? iiae aecia/eeeny: aeene?aoi? iioeae i?ioan?eiiai
aeinyaiaiiy, i?ioeanoaeuei? i?ciaaaeuei? oa eiioi?eaoeai? niiioee.

6. ?nio? ca’ycie iioea?a oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo c
iaaaoeaieie ii/oooyie i?ae /an caiyooy c aiae?enueei? iiae oa cieaeaiiyi
o/aiai? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?o ?ieue ia ye
aeiaeaoeiaeo ciai?oi?o noeioe?a o/aiai? aeoeaiino?, a ye i?e/eie ??
aeieoaaiiy.

7. Oiiae oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo, eiioi?eaoeaieo, i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a
o/?iiy nooaeaio?a ia ? /?oei ?iciaaeiaaieie. Aiie aenooiathoue o
aca?iica’yceo ? ciaoiaeyoueny o a?aeiineiao aca?iiaieeao, ine?eueee oae?
ae a?aeiineie oa?aeoa?i? ? aeey a?aeiia?aeieo iioea?a.

8. Iniiaiith oiiaith oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy aiae?enueei? iiae o
nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a aenooia? o/aiaa ae?yeuei?noue,
iiaoaeiaaia ia iniia? iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo iethn
aeaiaioe iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a «caa?oo aiec».

Io?eiai? a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoe, cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe oa
iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iioea?a i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy,
i?ciaaaeueieo oa eiioi?eaoeaieo niiioe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeei neeaaeii aeui? oeiee c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
aeaaeai?/ii? aeoeaiino? nooaeaio?a, ?o ?i?oe?aoeaiino? oa noeioethaaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? an?o aniaeo?a ?icaeyiooi?
i?iaeaie. Ia?niaeoeaieie ? oae? iai?yie iiaeaeueoi? ?iaioe:
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee noaiiaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a oa iioea?a
i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy, aea/aiiy aca?iiae?? iioea?a o neeaae?
iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio o/?iiy nooaeaio?a c i?io?eaeoeeith aeii?ioaaiiy
iaaaoeaieo niiioe o/?iiy o oeueiio a?oe?, aea/aiiy aieeao iniaeeainoae
aeeeaaeaiiy aniaeo?a aiae?enueei? iiae ia oi?ioaaiiy ie?aieo iioea?a
o/?iiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy
a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae nooaeaio?a, aea/aiiy niaoeeo?ee
iioea?a o/?iiy ie?aieo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaiee o oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

Niaoainueeee I.?., E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. Aei i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo
iioea?a o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei? iiae // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. – Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeaeaaieoeoai AIAO, 1996. — ? 2. – * 3. – N.
124-127.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. I?iaeaia aea/aiiy ona?aeiiethaaieo iioea?a o/?iiy
nooaeaio?a // Iaoeia? caienee. Na??y: iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y. –
Oa?iii?eue, 1998. – N.5-9.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. Oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy oa iniaeeaino? eiioeiaaioo
nooaeaio?a //

A?niee A?iieoeueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo. – A?iieoey, 1998. – ?4.
— N. 91-96.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. Iioeaoth/a ?ieue aiioe?eieo ia?aaeeaaiue o iaa/aeuei?e
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a // Nioe?ieia?caoe?y iniaenoino?:
I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae / Ca caa. ?aae.
A.E.Eainueei?. – E.: IIO, 1999. – Aeione 1. – N. 119-126.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. Aei i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a o/?iiy
aiae?enueei? iiae o nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a // Iaoeia?
caienee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
I.Eioethaeinueeiai. Na??y: iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y. – A?iieoey, 1999. —
?1. – N. 57-61.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. Oi?ioaaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo iioea?a iaa/aiiy
aiae?enueei? iiae o aeuiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae? // Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? ?
iaoiaee/i? canaaee eiino?othaaiiy ci?noo i?ioan?eii? ina?oe”. –
A?iieoey, 1998. – N. 160-166.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. A.I.Nooiieeinueeee i?i ?ieue aiioe?e o iaaeaaia?/iiio
i?ioean? oa no/ania oai??y iioeaaoe?? // Iaoa??aee *aoaa?oeo
Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo /eoaiue “Aaneeue Nooiieeinueeee ?
no/ani?noue / Ca ?aae. I.ss..Aioiioey. – A?iieoey, 1997. – N. 155-158.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A., Ca?oa?inueeee I.I. Aeoiaaiiy ae?oe: i?aeoiaee aei
ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie a i?eaaoieo oeieao Aaeeei? A?eoai?? // Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e: “A?iiac?eia ina?oa:
ieioea ? no/ani?noue”, “Ae?oa?ia ina?oa o e?eciaiio noni?euenoa?: oeyoe
noaiiaeaiiy oa aeaeeaaiiy”. – E??iaia?aae: Oe?a?inueea a?iiac?y, 1996. –
N. 90-91.

Smetansky M., Krasnogolova I. Some aspects of the Professional Motives
of Learning Formation // Materials of the 3-rd National TESOL Ukraine
Conference “Multiplicity and Diversity of TESOL Experiences”. –
Vinnitsa, 1998. – P. 115-118.

E?aniiaieiaa ?.A. Oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a o i?ioean?
aeeeaaeaiiy aiae?enueei? iiae. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01. – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. –
A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.Eioethaeinueeiai, A?iieoey, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy
aiae?enueei? iiae o nooaeaionueeiio a?oe?. Aecia/a?oueny ci?no
iioeaaoe?eiiai neiae?iio o/?iiy ia iniia? oaeeo e?eoa???a: ae??aino?
iioeao, eiai a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ia?aei?e ae?yeueiino? oa a?eiaei
iniaeeainoyi noa’?eoa o/?iiy, ca’yceo c iiceoeaieie aiioe?eieie
ia?aaeeaaiiyie. Anoaiiaeth?oueny iioeiaeueia no?oeoo?a iioeaaoe?eii?
noa?e nooaeaioa c oi/ee ci?o ?iaioe iaae aiae?enueeith iiaith ye
i?io?eueiei i?aaeiaoii, iaa?oioiaothoueny oeyoe, iaoai?cie oa niiniae
oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a o/?iiy nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iioeae o/?iiy, iioeae i?ioan?eiiai aeinyaiaiiy,
i?ciaaaeuei? iioeae, eiioi?eaoeai? iioeae, iioeae oieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai
aiioe?eiiai aeina?aeo, iioeaaoe?eiee neiae?ii o/?iiy, iioeae
i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy.

Krasnogolova I.B. Students’ Learning Motives Formation in the Process
of the English Language Teaching. – Manuscript.

The dissertation for the degree of the Candidat of Pedagogical Science
on speciality 13.00.01 – Theory and History of Pedagogics. – Vinnitsa
State Pedagogical University named after M.Kotsuybinsky, Vinnitsa, 1998.

In the dissertation it was viewed the problem of motives of the English
language learning formation in the students age. It was definded the
contents of motivational syndrom of learning based of such criteria as
motive’s activity, its correspondence to the leading activity and
subject’s of learning age peculiarities, its connection with positive
feelings. It was stated the optimum student’s learning motives structure
from the point of view of his work at the English language as profile
discipline, it was also grounded the ways, mechanisms and means of High
School students’ motives formation.

Key words: motives of learning, motives of professional achievement,
cognitive motives, communicative motives, motives of negative emotional
experience
avoidance,
motivational syndrom of learning, motives of preferable domination.

E?aniiaieiaay E.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea iioeaia o/aiey nooaeaioia a i?ioeanna
i?aiiaeaaaiey aiaeeeneiai ycuea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01. – oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. –
Aeiieoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.Eioethaeineiai, Aeiieoea, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony i?iaeaia oi?ie?iaaiey iioeaia o/aiey
aiaeeeneiai ycuea a nooaeai/aneii aic?anoa.

Ai aaaaeaiee iainiiauaaaony aeooaeueiinoue enneaaeiaaiey, ii?aaeaeythony
aai oeaeue, iauaeo, i?aaeiao, oi?ioee?oaony aeiioaca e caaeaiey,
inaauaaony iao/iay iiaecia, oai?aoe/aneay e i?aeoe/aneay cia/eiinoue
enneaaeiaaiey, oi?ioee?othony iniiaiua iieiaeaiey, auiineiua ia caueoo,
iienuaathony oi?iu ai?iaaoeee ?aaiou.

Ia?aue ?acaeae iinayuai aiaeeco ninoiyiey ?ac?aaioaiiinoe i?iaeaiu a
ennea-aeiaaieyo ioa/anoaaiiuo e ca?oaaaeiuo o/aiuo, ii?aaeaeaieth
enoiaeiuo iieiaeaiee, iooae e iaoiaeia oi?ie?iaaiey iioeaia o/aiey a
nooaeai/aneii aic?anoa.

A ?aaioa ioia/aaony, /oi iniiaiuie iai?aaeaieyie nia?aiaiiuo
enneaaeiaaiee iioeaaoeeiiiie noi?iiu o/aiey anoue iiiuoee ii?aaeaeeoue
aeaeu iioeaia o/aiey, eo ioiineoaeueiia cia/aiea aeey oniaoiinoe
i?ioeanna i?eia?aoaiey ciaiee, oiaiee, iaaueia. Eco/athony iooe e
iaoiaeu ia?ano?ieee noeioeia o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe iiae aeeyieai
oaeoi?ia ?aciiai aeaea, ?ieue ?acee/iuo iiiaioia ineoe/aneie aeecie
/a-eiaaea, eioi?ua eiatho aieueoia cia/aiea aeey oi?ie?iaaiey iniia
iioeaaoeee e o. ae.

Oeacuaaaony ia nieaeaiea ?iee o/aaii-iiciaaaoaeueiuo iioeaia o/aiey a
nooaeai/aneii aic?anoa ii n?aaiaieth ni oeieueiui. Ioia/aaony, /oi a
nooaeai/aneii aic?anoa aaaeouoth ?ieue ia/eiaao ea?aoue
i?ioanneiiaeueiay iai?aaeaiiinoue nooaeaioia, eo i?eaioaoeey ia
aoaeouaa, eioi?ay /anoi iineo ioe?iaaiii i?aaiaoe/aneee oa?aeoa?.

A ?acoeueoaoa oai?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca i?iaeaiu aeaeaaony auaiae i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe ioai?a iioeaia aeey eo oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey e
?acaeoey ia iniiaaiee ii?aaeaeaiiuo e?eoa?eaa. Oaeeie e?eoa?eyie iaie
auaeaeythony e iainiiauaathony aeaenoaaiiinoue iioeaa, aai niioaaonoaea
aaaeouae aeayoaeueiinoe e aic?anoiui iniaaiiinoyi noauaeoa o/aiey,
naycue n iieiaeeoaeueiuie yiioeeiiaeueiuie ia?aaeeaaieyie. Ia iniiaaiee
yoeo e?eoa?eaa ii?aaeaeaiu iioeau i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeiieie?iaaiey:
aeene?aoiua iioeau i?ioanneiiaeueiiai aeinoeaeaiey, a oaeaea
iiciaaaoaeueiua e eiiioieeaoeaiua iioeau o/aiey.

A enneaaeiaaiee ioia/aaony, /oi iniiaiui oneiaeai oi?ie?iaaiey iioeaia
o/aiey aiaeeeneiai ycuea yaeythony ii?aaeaeaiiui ia?acii i?aaieciaaiiay
o/aaiay aeayoaeueiinoue a ni/aoaiee n yeaiaioaie iaoaiecia oi?ie?iaaiey
iioeaia “naa?oo aiec”. Oaeie niaoeeaeueiie i?aaiecaoeeae o/aaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, niiniaiie iiaeeyoue ia iioeaaoeeiiioth noa?o noauaeoa
o/aiey aoaeao aa iino?iaiea ia iniiaaiee ee/iinoii-aeayoaeueiinoiiai
iiaeoiaea.

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca eeoa?aoo?iuo enoi/ieeia e iiuoa i?aeoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe auaeaeythony oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey iioeaia
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai aeinoeaeaiey, iiciaaaoaeueiuo e eiiioieeaoeaiuo
iioeaia o/aiey nooaeaioia. Aeaeaaony auaiae i oii, /oi iie /aoei ia
?aca?aie/aiiuie, a iaoiaeyony a ioiioaieyo acaeiinayce e acaeiiaeeyiey,
iineieueeo oaeea aea ioiioaiey oa?aeoa?iu e aeey niioaaonoaothueo ei
iio?aaiinoae. Iiae/a?eeaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeaeueiaeoae
yenia?eiaioaeueiie i?iaa?ee naeaeaiiuo caeeth/aiee.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea inaauathony ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
enneaaeiaaiey iioeaia o/aiey aiaeeeneiai ycuea o nooaeaioia aunoeo
o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee. I?iaiaeece?iaaii enoiaeiia ninoiyiea iioeaia
o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe nooaeaioia, eo aeeyiea ia ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue
i?ioeanna o/aiey: ii?aaeaeaiu aeiieio?othuea iioeau iaeaaeaiey
aiaeeeneei ycueii a oeaeii, eae eiia/iie ia?niaeoeaiie oeaee, iioeau
?aaiou iaae ioaeaeueiuie aniaeoaie ycuea e aeaeaie o/aaiiai iaoa?eaea,
iniciaiiua i?e/eiu nieaeaiey aeoeaiinoe nooaeaioia a i?ioeann ?aaiou eae
iaae ycueii a oeaeii, oae e iaae ioaeaeueiuie aai aniaeoaie, eco/aii
ioiioaiea nooaeaioia e ioeaiea eae aiaoiaio oaeoi?o iioeaaoeee,
ii?aaeaeaia ea?a?oey iioeaia o/aiey, i?ineaaeaia aa aa?eaoeaiinoue a
caaeneiinoe io aiaea iao/aiey, oaeoeueoaoa, o?iaiy oniaaaaiinoe,
ii?aaeaeaiu caaea/e e ia?niaeoeau oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey iioeaaoeeiiiie
noi?iiu o/aiey.

Ia neaaeothuai yoaia yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaaeanue iioeiaeueiay, n
oi/ee c?aiey ?aaiou iaae aiaeeeneei ycueii, no?oeoo?a iioeaaoeeiiiiai
neiae?iia o/aiey nooaeaioia, i?iaaaeai iaoaiaoe/aneee aiaeec iieo/aiiuo
aeaiiuo, iai?aaeaiiue ia onoaiiaeaiea nayce iaaeaeo o?iaiai
noi?ie?iaaiiinoe iioeaia o/aiey, no?oeoo?ie iioeaaoeeiiiiai neiae?iia e
auaeaeaiiuie iaie e?eoa?eyie i?aoa?aoeaiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey iioeaia.
Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi i?ioeann oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey iioeaia o/aiey
aeieaeai auoue iai?aaeai ia oieueei ia iiauoaiea iauaai iieacaoaey
eioaineaiinoe iioeaaoeeiiiiai neiae?iia o/aiey, a ia oi?ie?iaaiea
ii?aaeaeaiiie aai no?oeoo?u. Yoi aeieaeai auoue i?ioeann oi?ie?iaaiey ia
iaeiiai ii?aaeaeaiiiai iioeaa, a eo o?eaaeu: iioeaia i?ioanneiiaeueiiai
aeinoeaeaiey, iiciaaaoaeueiuo e eiiioieeaoeaiuo i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii
niyoee eee naaaeaieth e ieieioio iioeaia ecaaaaiey io?eoeaoaeueiiai
yiioeeiiaeueiiai iiuoa. Ioia/aii, /oi iineaaeiea aeeytho ia oa?aeoa?
/oanoa, ia?aaeeaaaiuo nooaeaioii ai a?aiy caiyoey, e niinianoaotho
oi?ie?iaaieth onoie/eaiai yiioeeiiaeueiiai ioiioaiey e i?ioeanno ?aaiou
iaae aiaeeeneei ycueii.

A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaia iiaeaeue e i?aaiecaoeey oi?ie?othuaai
yenia?eiaioa, i?iaiaeece?iaaiu aai ?acoeueoaou. Yenia?eiaioaeueii
iainiiaaiu iooe, iaoaieciu e niiniau oi?ie?iaaiey iioeaia o/aiey o
nooaeaioia aunoeo o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee. Noi?ioee?iaaiu i?aeoe/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeee i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey iioeaia
o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe nooaeaioia, ii?aaeaeaiu ia?niaeoeaiua iai?aaeaiey
eco/aiey iioeaaoeeiiiie noi?iiu o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iioeau o/aiey, iioeau i?ioanneiiaeueiiai aeinoeaeaiey,
iiciaaaoaeueiua iioeau, eiiioieeaoeaiua iioeau, iioeau ecaaaaiey
io?eoeaoaeueiiai yiioeeiiaeueiiai iiuoa, iioeaaoeeiiiue neiae?ii o/aiey,
iioeau i?aoa?aoeaiiai aeiieie?iaaiey.

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