OA?III?EUeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI?
AIEIAeEIE?A AIAOTHEA

?iiaieoei ?ai? Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 371. 04

OI?IOAAIIss II?AEUeIEO A?AeIINEI I?AeE?OE?A

A OIIAAO I?E?INIOe?OIO

13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? caaaeueii? oa nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?aai E?ae?y
A?iano?aia, I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nioe?aeueii? ? iaaeaaia?/ii? ineoieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?/oe Iaae?y
Aanee?aia, ?cia?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee ? iaoiaeeee ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy, aeaeai
oaeoeueoaoo i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ii/aoeiaeo eean?a

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ea?iai/oe Na?oeaia A?eai??aia,

??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee aoiai?oa?iee oi?aa?neoao, aeieoi?aio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: AEeoiie?nueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.AEeoiie?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 1430 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.58.053.01 o Oa?iii?euenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea
(46027, i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe. I.E?eaiiina, 2).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea
(46027, i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe. I.E?eaiiina, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «24» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iaoi/oe I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeeiai?/iee ?icaeoie aoaeue-yeiai noni?euenoaa,
iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai nioe?aeueii? nenoaie, a?aeaoaa?oueny o i?ioean?
o?ainoi?iaoe??, iiaea?i?caoe??, caaaa/aiiy iiaeie iieie?iiyie
oniaaeeiaaieo a?ae nai?o iiia?aaeiee?a nioe?aeueieo ? ii?aeueieo
oe?iiinoae, o?aaeeoe?e. Oiio i?iaeaia ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy ? iaei??th c iaeaeaai?oeo i?iaeai ethaenoaa ?
aiaeii/an caeeoa?oueny e iaaeae? aeooaeueiith. Ia /an? niinoa??aa?oueny
?? caaino?aiiy (c?inoaiiy i?aee?oeiai? cei/eiiino?, aeeiaie?ci,
ia?eiiai?y, i?inoeoooe?y ? o.?.), ni?e/eiaia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith oa
iaaeaaia?/iith neooaoe??th, ui neeaeeny ia aeaiee /an a Oe?a?i?.

Ii?aeuei? a?aeiineie, ui a?oioothoueny ia aoiai?ci?, iaoe?iiaeuei?e
na?aeiiino?, iao??ioeci?, ethaia? aei i?aoe?, a?ae?a?athoue cia/io ?ieue
o ?aaoethaaii? iiaaae?iee ethaeae o noni?euenoa? a ia??iae eiai
ia?aoiaeo aei aeaiie?aoe/iiai ? ?eieiaiai oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaith.
Oa?aeoa?iei i?e oeueiio ? ?aei?noue ae?e aeiiii?ee, iie?oeee, ii?ae?,
eoeueoo?e a caaaeueiiio i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?.

I?ioean ii?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo ia ??cieo a?eiaeo aoaiao ia? nai?
niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?. I?aee?oee ? aaaeeeaith
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/iith a?oiith. ?o iiaaae?iea coiiaeaia ?ieeth a
noni?euenoa?, nioe?aeueiei noaoonii, a?eii. ?ioaineaia oi?ioaaiiy aeueo
ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e, iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae ?iaeoue aeaiee a?e
iaeii/anii ? neeaaeiei, ? iaea?eueo i?eaeaoiei aeey iaeiie/aiiy
ii?aeueiiai aeina?aeo.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia ia’?eoeaii ?nioth/ith
iio?aaith a ?ioaa?aoe?? aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae i?ia?aeieo nioe?aeueieo
?inoeooo?a c iaoith aaeineiiaeaiiy oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo
a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a ? a?aenooi?noth a iao /an iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai
aeai?eoio i?iaeoeoeaiiai ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a
oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio; o aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo niaoe?ae?noao (nioe?aeueieo
iaaeaaiaao, o/eoaeyo, aeoiaaoaeyo, i?aeoe/ieo ineoieiaao), ye?
i?aoeththoue c i?aee?oeaie, ? iaaeinoaoi?i ??aiai ?o i?ioan?iiae?cio a
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?; o aea/aii? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoai?ci?a oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio ? iaaeinoaoi?i
aena?oeaiiyi aeaiiai ieoaiiy a no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e iaaeaaia?oe?.

Ae??oaiiy iae?aneaieo i?iaeai iio?aao? a?aooaaiiy o nenoai? no/aniiai
ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? niaoeeo?ee ??ciiieaiiaiai
ca ci?noii, oa?aeoa?ii ? ye?noth aieeao ?ioi?iaoe?? ia iniaeno?noue,
?inoo ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeiia aei ia? c aieo nioe?aeueiiai
ioi/aiiy i?aeei?yoe nai? aeani? ?ioa?ane noni?eueiei, iiaeeaeaiiy
iio?aae iniaenoino? naii?aae?coaaoe nai? cae?aiino?, naiiooaa?aeeoeny.

Aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ii?, nioe?ieia?/ii? oa ineoieia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
(I.Aieaoa?a, I.Ai?eoaanueeee, A.Aooaiei, I.Aeaeaiae?aeca, O. Aaain,
I.?aauaiei, I.E?/oe, A.Eino?a, A.E?nianueeee, ?.Ia?’?iei, E.Iyei,
E.I?aai, AE.I?aaea, I.?aaa, E.Neithoea, A.No?oiainueeee, A.O?e?i/oe,
I.O?oeoea, A.O?ou, A.Oa?/aa, I.Uo?eiaa oa ?i.) na?ae/eoue, c iaeiiai
aieo, i?i iaiieaaeea? iiooee a/aieo, a c ?ioiai, i?i oa, ui ieie
aea/athoueny o?eueee ie?ai? aniaeoe i?iaeaie. Oiio aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eia?/iei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi aeinyaiooiai a aaeoc?
iaaeaaia?ee ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy ? c’yniao?: ui yaey? niaith ii?aeueia
aeoiaaiiy ye oe?e?nia nenoaia, yeei ? eiai ci?no a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio.

Iaaaoeai? yaeua a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae oi?eioeeny
ye ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei, ui neeaeeny a noni?euenoa?, oae ? a?aeiinei, a
ye? anooia? ie?aia ethaeeia. Iiaeieaiiy oeeo yaeu cia/iith i??ith
caeaaeeoue a?ae iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ioeano ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
ethaeae, iniaeeai iieiae?, eiai ?acoeueoaoeaiino?. O i?aeoiae? aei
i?ioeano ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy aeo?aeiei ia? noaoe iieiaeaiiy i?i
oi?ioaaiiy ?icaeiooi? iniaenoino? ia iniia? ona?aeiieaieo iath
i?eioeei?a caaaeueiiethaenueei? ii?ae?: iiaaae, ni?aaaaeeeaino?,
aoiai?cio oa ?ioeo /aniio, ye? i?iaieioothoueny Aea?aeaaiith i?ia?aiith
«Ina?oa» (Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy), a?aeia?aaeai? o Eiioeaioe??
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, a oaeiae o Aea?aeaai?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e
i?ia?ai? «Ae?oe Oe?a?ie». Oiio oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaee/ia ?ic?iaea aeaii?
i?iaeaie iaaoaa? nueiaiaei? aaaeeeaiai i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e caaaeueii? oa
nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A.
Noaoaieea (i?ioieie ?6 a?ae 20.02.97?.).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ii?aeuei? a?aeiineie i?aee?oe?a ye aniaeo
ii?aeueii? aeoiaaiino? iniaenoino?.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: aieea i?e?inioe?oio ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/ii-aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio,
aeyaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ui caaacia/othoue eiai aoaeoeai?noue.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a
oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio aoaea aoaeoeaiei, yeui aiii iaoiiaeaia ?o
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie aeanoeainoyie (eiioi?eaoeai? ai?iiy; noi?iiaai?noue
?ioaa?iaaii? ii?aeueii? ?ene «aoiaii?noue»; caeaoi?noue ?aaoethaaoe nai?
a/eiee oa iiaaae?ieo, a?aoiaoaaoe iane?aeee nai?? ae?yeueiino?,
i?ioeae?yoe aii?aeueiei yaeuai); caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?ioeanoaeueii-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie o?ie?a, i?aai?caoe??
iicao?i/ii? ??ciiieaiiai? ae?yeueiino? oeiey??a o i?e?ia?oiao ?
?aae?ciao?oueny oeyoii iaaeaaia?caoe?? oa ineoieia?caoe?? n?iaeieo
a?aeiinei, ?icoe?aiiy ii?aeueiiai oe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua, ni?eueiiai
aeoiaiiai aieeao n?i’?, oeiee oa iioaioe?aeo i?e?ia?oi.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) i?iaanoe oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy i?aee?oe?a, ?icoe?eoe oa iiaeeaeoe eiai ci?no oeyoii aea/aiiy
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a, cania?a ? aaeaeaaoieo iaoai?ci?a i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei; 2) aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei o i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe?; 3) c’ynoaaoe nai???aei?noue
aieeao i?e?inioe?oio ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei
i?aee?oe?a; 4) aecia/eoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oiooaaoe iaaeaaia?/i?
oiiae iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a o
i?e?inioe?oi?.

Oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue o?einionuee?
iieiaeaiiy i?i ii?aeue ye oi?io noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?, aeciaiiy ??
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iniaeno?nii? oa nioe?aeueii? aeaoa?i?iaoe??, ?aei?noue
na?aeiiino? oa ae?yeueiino?, i?eioeeie nenoaiiino?, ca’yceo oai??? oa
i?aeoeee, eiioeaioe?y aeaiie?aoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa, iaoe?iiaeueiiai
naiia?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ?aea? aoiai?cio. I???ioe?aie aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie noaee caaaeueiiineoieia?/i? oai??? noaaeaiiy, ni?eeoaaiiy,
ae?yeueiino? (I.Aiaeaeueia, E. Aiaeiae/, A. Ceaeiaaoeue, I. Ee?e/oe, A.
Iyn?uaa, E.I?eiaa, N. ?oa?iooaei, I. Uo?eiaa oa ?i.), iaaoooy aeina?aeo
iiaaae?iee a noni?euenoa? (A. Aaiaeo?a, A. I?oaeue), ?icaeoeo /a?ac
i?ciaiiy (E.Eieaa?a, AE.I?aaea), oai??y iioei?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?ioeano (TH.Aaaainueeee, I.Iioaoiee), caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? aeeaeaeoe/i?
iniiae aecia/aiiy ci?noo (A.Aauaiei, ?. Ea?ia?, I. Neaoe?i, I. O?oeoea
oa ?i.).

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? oae? iaoiaee: aiae?c,
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oa ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo oai?aoe/iiai oa aii??e/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy (aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’th, a?oiia? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
aan?aee, niinoa?aaeaiiy, eiino?othaaiiy caaaeaiue, i?iaeaiieo
neooaoe?e, oanooaaiiy, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?);
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio; i?iaiinoe/iee ? noaoenoe/iee iaoiae
ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?nuee? oa n?euenuee?
caaaeueiiina?oi? oeiee ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa Euea?anueei? iaeanoae.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue ca o/anoth 257 o/i?a, 95 ?o aaouee?a, 377
a/eoae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo
iaaeaaia?ee ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, o c’ynoaaii? iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio, o aeyaeaii?
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei
i?aee?oe?a o i?e?inioe?oi? oa o ?ice?eoo? eiai iioaioe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae.

Oai?aoe/io cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue ?icoe?aiiy oa
iiaeeaeaiiy oyaeaiue i?i i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei
i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio, c’ynoaaiiy noa?e oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e no/aniiai i?aee?oea, iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei o/i?a o i?e?inioe?oi?, cae?eniaiiy ye?niiai aiae?co
eiai aeeiai?ee oa ci?noo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, ciaeoee ? iiaeooue ciaeoe
iiaeaeueoa canoinoaaiiy i?e ae??oaii? aeooaeueieo caaaeaiue ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio, i?aeaeuaiiy
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai ??aiy aaouee?a ? aoe/ii-i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a, caaaa/aiiy aeoiaiiai iioaioe?aeo iniiaieo ?inoeooo?a
aeoiaaiiy, i?enei?aiiy nioe?ae?caoe?? i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny iaaeaaiaaie
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee-e?oeath ?23, CIO ?11 i. ?aaii-O?aie?anueea
(aeia?aeee ?2085 a?ae 24.06.99?.; ?150 a?ae 16.06.99?.), CIO ?2
i. Aieaoiaa ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano? (aeia?aeea ?150 a?ae 19.05.99?.)
o iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio? c i?aee?oeaie, ni?a?ia?oieoeoa? c aaoueeaie
uiaei aoiai?caoe?? ?o a?aeiinei o na?aaeiaeu? oeiee, n?i’?, i?e?ia?oi ia
aeica?ee?, a oaeiae o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A. Noaoaieea (aeia?aeea ?08-01-182 a?ae 30.06.99?.).

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ? iniiaieo aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi
aeo?aeieo iiceoe?e, ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aea??ee ?aniiiaeaio?a,
aaeaeaaoi?noth aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a ia’?eoo, i?aaeiaoo, iao? oa
caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, e?euee?niei ? ye?niei aiae?cii caeiaooiai
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo, iiceoeaieie ci?iaie o a?aeiineiao o/i?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ii?eethaeiai? ia ia?aae? i?aoe?aiee?a ina?oe i.Aieaoiaa (26.08.97?.), ia
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «E?iaai-iaoiaee/i?
aniaeoe aeeeaaeaiiy ?iicaiieo iia» (15-17.09.97?., i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee),
ia ca?oii-iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae? I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.A.Noaoaieea (19-21.03.97?., 6-8.04.99?.), ia can?aeaii? eieaa??
oi?aae?iiy ina?oe ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??
(26.03.99?.), ia ia?aae? ea??aiee?a iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a iaeaniiai
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy (16.04.99?., i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o ainueie noaooyo
aaoi?a (4 — o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 3 — o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 —
o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe??).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (235 iiceoe?e), 8
aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 245 noi??iie, c ieo: iniiaia
/anoeia — 160 noi??iie, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 19 noi??iie,
aeiaeaoee — 66 noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 9 oaaeeoeue ? 14
?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei
i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio» — i?iaiae?ciaai? no/ani? a?o/eciyi?
oa ca?oa?aei? eiioeaioe?? ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?, ?ice?eo?
ci?no, caniae, iaoai?cie oa iniaeeaino? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo
a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c icia/aii? i?iaeaie aeyaea, ui
o a?o/eciyi?e oai??? ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy iniiaia i?noea caeia?
«eiioeaioe?y noaaeaiue iniaenoino?». I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aeaii? eiioeaioe?? (O.Aoii?ia, A.A?eioniaa, I.Aiaeaeueia,
E.Aiaeiae/, Ae.Aiaec?inueeee, ?.Caeoeaaa, I.Eaiioue?a, A.Iyn?uaa
N.?oa?iooaei, I.Neaeaeueeianueeee, I.Uo?eiaa oa ?i.) aea? i?aenoaao
aaaaeaoe ?? iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith o aea/aii? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio.

Ieoaiiy ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? a ca?oa?aei?e oai??? aeoiaaiiy
aeoeaii ?icaeyaea?oueny /a?ac i?ecio ?? nioe?ae?caoe??. Iiaeae?
nioe?ae?caoe?? oa i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c ieie, aea/athoueny ia Caoiae?
o?aaeeoe?eii a ?one? ineoieia??, nioe?ieia?? e aio?iiieia??
(A.Aeth?eaaei, E.Aee?i, *.Eoe?, I.I?ae, A.Oaeo, C.O?aeae),
nioe?ie?iaa?noeee (A.Aa?inoaei, Ae.Iae?ioae?, A.Ii???nii, A.Nai??,
A.Oi?o). O?oaeiiu? o aca?iia?aeiineiao i?ae i?aee?oeaie oa aei?ineeie,
oeyoe ?o iiaeieaiiy, nioe?ae?caoe?th i?aee?oe?a ?ice?eaathoue «oieaeueia
oai??y ?icaeoeo i?aee?oea», iaaeaaia?/i? oai?aoe/i? eiioeaioe??
«iaoi?iaeueii? eoeueoo?e aia?eeainueei? na?aaeiuei? oeiee»
(Aeae.Eioeiai), «iieiaeeo ethaeae» (A.Ooaa?iai). A ie?aieo oai??yo
aeoiaaiiy ii?aeueiino? iniaenoino? iaoa ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
caiaeeoueny aei oi?ioaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo noaeaeaiue (A.Oa???n);
aeoiaai?noue iniae aecia/a?oueny ?? iiaaae?ieith (I.Oi?iie);
a?aenoith?oueny i?ia?aeia ?ieue aiioe?e o no?oeoo?? ii?ae? (I.Oa?no);
ii?aeueia aeoiaai?noue iniae caiaeeoueny aei noie aeo?a ?? iiaaae?iee
(Ae.Aiiao, Aeae.Neioo); ?icaeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy ci?noo ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy ye i?iaieioaiiy i?eioeeio ni?aaaaeeeaino?, ??aiino?
(Aeae.O?enii).

O 70-o, 80-o ? ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a XX noie?ooy ia ia?oee ieai
aeoiaeeoue i?ioean ?ioa?iae?caoe?? — ia?aoai?aiiy ii?aeueieo ii?i,
?nioth/eo o noni?euenoa?, o aeanio iio?aao iniaenoino? (?.Aeia?o,
Aeae.A?iio??ae, A.Aean?, E.Aioai, E.?ao, ?.N??n, A.Neioo), cie?aia
«oai??y iaaoooy aeina?aeo iiaaae?iee a noni?euenoa?» (A.Aaiaeo?a,
A.I?oaeue) ? «oai??y ?icaeoeo /a?ac i?ciaiiy» (E.Eieaa?a, AE.I?aaea), ca
yeith ii?aeueiee ?icaeoie iniae i?ioiaeeoue ?yae aoai?a. Aeaia oai??y
ciaeoea nai? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a i?aoeyo Aeae.A?aana, A.Eiea?,
I.E?aa?iaia, I.I?naia, E.Oiea?a.

Ii?aeuei? a?aeiineie — oe?iea iaaeaaia?/ia iiiyooy. Aiii aeeth/a? a naaa
ii?aeuei? noaaeaiiy, ii?aeueio ae?yeuei?noue ? ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae
noa’?eoaie aca?iei, oiio eia?/iei aoaea ?icoe?aiiy ci?noo ii?aeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy aei oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei iniaenoino?.

Oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?ioiaeeoue o i?e?inioe?oi? —
iaeaeeae/iio ii?aeueiiio na?aaeiaeu?, yea ?ice?eaa? noeoii?noue
noni?eueieo ? ineoieia?/ieo oiia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? i?aee?oea Oea —
nenoaiiee i?ioean, no?oeoo?ieie eiiiiiaioaie yeiai aenooiathoue: a)
?ioaa?iaai? noa’?eoe aeoiaii? aca?iiae?? (aaoueee, ?io? aei?ine? /eaie
n?i’?, aeoiaaoae?, a/eoae?, iaeiie?oee); a) ?ioaeaeooaeuei? aeaea?aea
aeoiaiiai aieeao (iaoe?iiaeueia oa caaaeueiiethaenueea eoeueoo?a,
ii?aeuei? oe?iiino?, yeino?); a) Eiinoeoooe?y (aea?aeaaa ? caeiie),
iiae?? oa oaeoe no/anii? ae?eniino? (I.E?aniaeoeueeee); a) oaeoi?e
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei: i?eeeaae iiaaae?iee,
ii?aeueia noaaeaiiy, aeani? ae?? noa’?eoa aca?iei, ei?aeooth/? aieeae
na?aaeiaeua ia noa’?eo (Ae. A??oei, O.O?ieiaa, I.Uo?eiaa); ae) oiiae
iican?iaeiiai oa iicaoe?eueiiai aieeao (noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ianiaa
eoeueoo?a, caniae ?ioi?iaoe??, i?aee?oeiaa noaeoeueoo?a, ae?yeuei?noue
ia aeica?ee?).

I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei o i?e?inioe?oi? iineoue aoaiiee
oa?aeoa?, iaoai?ci yeiai ia?aaeaa/a? aeieeiaiiy iiaaae?ieiaiai oyaeaiiy
i?i noni?euei? a?aeiineie, i?aeoe/io ae?th (a/eiie-cae/ea-iiaaae?iea),
?aaoeueiaaio ioi/aiiyi, ye? ia?aaiaeyoue ii?aeuei? ciaiiy a ia?aeiiaiiy
(ona?aeiieaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo ae?e) ? aecia/athoue ii?aeueio
ni?yiiaai?noue iniaenoino? (noai?aiiy noa’?eoeaii? iiaeae? a?aeiinei,
naiino?eiiai iai??o iane?aeoaaoe ??).

?aae?caoe?y i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao
i?e?inioe?oio ia?aaeaa/a? c’ynoaaiiy aeeiai?ee ci?i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny
a ii?aeueiiio na?o? no/anieo i?aee?oe?a, iniaeeainoae ? noia?a/iinoae ?o
ii?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo. Oae, i?aee?oeiaee aoai oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ci?iaie
i?ia?aeieo iio?aa, coiiaeaieo ineoio?c?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie oa
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieie ooai?aiiyie — naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy,
naiiaecia/aiiy, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, ii/oooy aei?ineino? (E.Aiaeiae/,
I.A?ii, A.Caeueoea?, I.Ee?e/oe, ?.Eii, E.I?aai, A.?iiaiaoeue,
E.Neithoea, Ae.Oaeueaeooaei oa ?i.).

Aecia/aeueieie a ii?aeueiiio ni?yioaaii? i?aee?oea ? oaiaeaioe??
iniaeno?niiai noaiiaeaiiy, ?icaeoeo iio?aaii-iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e, na?aae
yeeo — iaiao?aei?noue ?icoe?aiiy nioe?aeueii-ii?aeueieo ca’yce?a ?c
aei?ineeie oa ?iaanieeaie. Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo
aca?iei ?c ioi/oth/eie aenooia? ioe?iea i?aee?oea aei?ineeie,
oiaa?eoaie, ?o noaaeaiiy aei iueiai, i???ioaoe?? ?aoa?aioii? a?oie.
Ianoaaeueia ioe?iea i?aee?oea ioi/oth/eie, eiai iacaeaoi?noue ii?aeueii
aeciaiei /eiii naii?aae?coaaoeny, aeiaanoe naith aei?ine?noue,
iaaaoeaiee aieea ia’?eoeaieo oiia eiai ?icaeoeo oa noaiiaeaiiy (iia?
?eieia? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie, i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue ?ioi?iiaaiino?,
naenoaeueia ?aaiethoe?y, ?oeioaaiiy oe?ii?nieo n?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?e,
caiaiaae eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiai? noa?e) ni?e/eiythoue caieioo?noue
i?aee?oea, i?a?e?ci /e aa?aneai?noue, a?aeeeaeaiiy iei ii?aeueieo ii?i.

O oe?eiio, i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei a oiiaao
i?e?inioe?oio ?icaeyaea?oueny ye noeoii?noue caeiiii??iinoae oa
iine?aeiaieo ae?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia ?icaeoie ii?aeueiino? iniaenoino?: ??
ii?aeueii? na?aeiiino?, ia?aeiiaiue, noaaeaiue, iiaaae?iee. Iiaoaeiaa
aeaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano i?ioiaeeoue ?c o?aooaaiiyi
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo (o?c?ieia?/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo, iniaeno?nieo)
iniaeeainoae ? caeiiii??iinoae o ?icaeoeo eiaeiiai i?aee?oea — eiai
?ioa?an?a, iaoee?a, iiaeyae?a, cae?aiinoae, noaio caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?e
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? oa aoiaiieo aca?iei, ia iniia?
iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee ?aae?co?oueny eiiieaenii o
iaeaeeae/iio i?e?inioe?oi? i?aee?oea ca oiiae ni?ai?aoe? an?o o/aniee?a
aeoiaii? aca?iiae?? (?en.1).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «Iaaeaaia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?e?inioe?oio» —
?ice?eo? iniaeeaino?, aeoiai? aieeae oa iioaioe?ae iaeaeeae/iai nioe?oio
i?aee?oe?a — n?i’?, oeiee, i?e?ia?oi o oi?ioaaii? ?o ii?aeueieo
a?aeiinei.

?en.1. Iiaeaeueia oyaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei
i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio

Iie?ath/enue ia i?aoe? Ae.Aiaec?inueeiai, O.Iaeueeianueei?, E.Iia?eiai?,
E.I?aai, O.O?e?iiaa oa ?i., iiiyooy «i?e?inioe?oi» ?icaeyaea?oueny
iaie oe?iei: aei iueiai aoiaeyoue noaaeaiiy aei noa’?eo?a aca?iei, a ia
?o iniia? ni?eeoaaiiy oa ni?eueia ae?yeuei?noue i?aee?oe?a ? aei?ineeo,
/eai?a oe?eueiiai eieaeoeao, ?iaaniee?a, iaoa??ae?ciaaiee i?ino??, yeee
ioi/o? i?aee?oea e ??oo/a aieeaa? ia eiai ii?aeueia noaiiaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaoe?a
(I.Ai?eoaanueeee, A.Aooaiei, A.Caneoaeaithe, Ae.?na?a, A.Eaaai,
O.Ee?eeaiei, ?.Eii, A. E?aaaoeue, A.Naie/aiei, A.Oa?anaiei, A.Oeoa?aiei
oa ?i.) na?ae/aoue i?i aaaeeea?noue ? cia/ou?noue n?i’? o caaaeueiiio
?icaeoeo oa ii?aeueiiio noaiiaeaii? aeeoeie. Na?aae oaeoi??a oa oiia
iiceoeaiiai aieeao n?i’? ia oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a
cacia/aieie aaoi?aie aaaaeathoueny: a) eoeueoo?a ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae
aei?ineeie oa ae?oueie, iniiaaia ia iiaac?, no?eiaiino?, ethaia?,
aa/aii? a aeeoei? iniaenoino?; a) eoeueoo?a aca?iei i?ae aei?ineeie
/eaiaie n?i’? (ii/oooy eioaiiy, a??i?noue, iiaaaa, aeia??a,
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue); a) ocaiaeaeai?noue ? ?aei?noue aeiia aei?ineeo
uiaei oi?i ? iaoiae?a aeoiaiiai aieeao ia i?aee?oea; a) caoe?eaaeaiiy
aaouee?a aeica?eeyi aeeoeie.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaoe?a
(I.Ai?eoaanueeee, A.Aooaiei, A.Caneoaeaithe, Ae.?na?a, A.Eaaai,
O.Ee?eeaiei, ?.Eii, A. E?aaaoeue, A.Naie/aiei, A.Oa?anaiei, A.Oeoa?aiei
oa ?i.) na?ae/aoue i?i aaaeeea?noue ? cia/ou?noue n?i’? o caaaeueiiio
?icaeoeo oa ii?aeueiiio noaiiaeaii? aeeoeie. Na?aae oaeoi??a oa oiia
iiceoeaiiai aieeao n?i’? ia oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a
cacia/aieie aaoi?aie iaceaathoueny: a) eoeueoo?a ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae
aei?ineeie oa ae?oueie, iniiaaia ia iiaac?, no?eiaiino?, ethaia?,
aa/aii? a aeeoei? iniaenoino?; a) eoeueoo?a aca?iei i?ae aei?ineeie
/eaiaie n?i’? (ii/oooy eioaiiy, a??i?noue, iiaaaa, aeia??a,
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue); a) ocaiaeaeai?noue ? ?aei?noue aeiia aei?ineeo
uiaei oi?i ? iaoiae?a aeoiaiiai aieeao ia i?aee?oea; a) caoe?eaaeaiiy
aaouee?a aeica?eeyi aeeoeie.

Aea, ye iieacothoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo (TH.Aoaianue?a, Aeae.Aaey?ae, ?.Aaey?ae, Ae.Aeaionueeee,
O.Aaa?eeiaa, O.Aeaeeiioo, I.Aeoa?i?i, ?.?e?n??aa, I.E??’yiiaa,
N.Eiaaeueia, A.I?iueeianueeee, A.Iineaeaiei, I.Iiiia, A.Nieiaei?eia,
I.Noaeueiaoiae/, I.Oa??i oa ?i.), ? aeai?, iaea?aeai? a oiae? iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, no/ania n?i’y cacia? cia/ieo o?oaeiiu?a o i?aeaioiaoe?
ae?oae aei aeoeaiiai aeeooy a noni?euenoa?. ?o ni?e/eiythoue oae?
iaaaoeai? oaeoi?e: a) aeiiii?/ia ne?ooa a aea?aeaa?, ui ni?ey? e?ec?
/ano, a?aeaaaeaiiai aaoueeaie aeey aeoiaaiiy nai?o ae?oae (ca iaoeie
aeaieie, a?eueoa aeaio aiaeei ia aeaiue aeoiaaiith ae?oae i?eae?eythoue
31,6% aaouee?a, aea? ? iaioa aiaeeie – 21,5%, iaeaea ia i?eae?eythoue –
5,3%; ia aecia/eeeny – 41,6%); a) ia?icaeioo?noue niaoe?aeueieo
eiioi?eaoeaieo oi?iue aaouee?a, iieeeeaieo o?aaoeueiaoaaoe eiioe?eoi?
neooaoe?? o aca?ieiao i?ae /eaiaie n?i’? (14,8% aaouee?a o?ce/ii
ea?athoue nai?o ae?oae, o?eueee 62,3% iaiaaathoueny c?icoi?oe i?iaeaio ?
ae??oeoe ??, a ?aooa – ia aeieeaaeathoue aeiaeieo coneeue aeey oeueiai);
a) iaaei??ia ii?ea, aeii?ioaaiiy aaouee?a iaae i?aee?oeaie iacaeaaeii
a?ae iio?aae, aai ae, iaaiaee, iiaia ?iaeeoa?aioi?noue o ?o aeoiaaii?
(ye iane?aeie, o?eueee 31,5% i?aee?oe?a oio?ee a iiaoi?eoe a nai?e
iaeaooi?e n?i’? oa?aeoa? a?aeiinei, yeee neeaany a n?i’? ?o aaouee?a,
59% – aaaaeathoue, ui aaoueee ?o ?icoi?thoue); a) iecueeee ??aaiue
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aaouee?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?
(94,7% aaouee?a o aeoiaaii? ae?oae iie?athoueny ia “aeaniee aeina?ae”,
ii?yae c oeei, o?eueee eiaeai i’yoee c ieo /a?ia? iaaeaaia?/i? ciaiiy c
iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, eiaeai oinoee – iie?a?oueny ia ia?iaei? o?aaeeoe??
oa cae/a?); ae) ia?aaaaa o aeoiaaii? a i?aee?oeao aaoueeaie iniaeno?nieo
oe?iiinoae iaae iaoe?iiaeueii-nioe?aeueieie (oae, 8,4% aaouee?a iaae ona
i?aaiooue, uia ?o ae?oe aoee a?aeiieie oa oaiiaaieie ethaeueie, 20% –
oi?ioeie niaoe?ae?noaie, 35,8% – iaoa??aeueii caaacia/aieie oa
iacaeaaeieie (eiaeia); aiaeii/an, o?eueee 38,9% ?aniiiaeaio?a
aeoiaothoue o nai?o ae?oyo i?aoeaethai?noue, 26,3% – ii?yaei?noue, 20% –
iiaaao aei ethaeae, 14,7% – a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, 9,5% –
ni?aaaaeeea?noue, 6,3% – iiaaao aei ciaiue, 5,3% – aeooiai?noue, 2,1% –
iao??ioeci, 1,1% – aeenoeeie?iiaai?noue).1 )

Oe?eueia na?aaeiaeua oaeiae a?aeia?aaea? nioe?aeueia aeiae?eey ? ni?ey?
oi?ioaaiith ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a. O iaaeaaia?/ieo i?aoeyo
Ae.Aiaec?inueeiai, A.Ea?aeianueeiai, A.E?iae?aothea, I.Ieoaeeiai? oa ?i.
i?aei?iathoueny ieoaiiy noai?aiiy ii?aeueiiai oe?eueiiai nioe?oio c
iaoith aeoiaaiiy, ui cae?enith?oueny /a?ac i?aai?caoe?th ae?yeueiino?
an?o /eai?a oe?eueiiai eieaeoeao. Iniiaieie ?ioaa?iaaieie noa’?eoaie
oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a o oe?eueiiio na?aaeiaeu? ?
iaaeaaia?/iee ? o/i?anueeee eieaeoeae, ?o a?iiaaenuee? i?aai?caoe??.

Noai?aiiy ii?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua oeiee a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioyaii iaaiiai
/ano i?ae aieeaii ianooiieo oaeoi??a: o?aaeeoe?ei? a?aeiineie, ui
neeaaeathoueny a oe?eueiiio eieaeoea?; nioe?aeueii-eiioi?eaoeaia
ae?yeuei?noue, i?aenoa’?eoia aca?iiae?y aeoiaaioe?a ? aeoiaiee?a;
aeoiaia ae?yeuei?noue, ci?noii yei? ? i?ciaaaeueia, o?oaeiaa,
a?iiaaenueei-ei?enia, ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ia, nii?oeaii-icaei?ia/a
ae?yeuei?noue; ii?aeueia ona?aeiieaiiy o/iyie nai?? iiaaae?iee (?.Aao,
A.Aethie?i, ?.Aiiaea?aanueea, I.Ae?iaieoeueeee, A.Ceaeiaaoeue,
A.Cin?iianueeee, N. Ea?iai/oe, I.Ee?e/oe, I.E?aniaeoeueeee, A.Eo?aai,
E.I?eiaa, E.?oa?inueeee oa ?i.).

O noai?aiiio ii?aeueiiio i?e?inioe?oi?, cie?aia i?e?inioe?oi? oeiee,
nenoaia ciai?oiuei? ?aaoeyoe?? ii?aeueieo ii?i, oe?iiinoae ? a?aeiinei
ia?aoiaeeoue o nenoaio aioo??oiuei? naii?aaoeyoe?? (?.Aiyi, A.?e?e/oe).
O ca’yceo c oeei, aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy iathoue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?,
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?i?, ?noi?e/i? /eiieee ?nioaaiiy i?e?inioe?oio, a oaeiae
ina?oi?e, iaaeaaia?/iee ? iaoiaee/iee ??aaiue o/eoae?a ? eeanieo
ea??aiee?a, aeaiie?aoecaoe?y ? aoiai?caoe?y an??? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
nenoaie (A.A?eoethe, I.Naa/aiei, ?.Neoeuenueeee, I.Noaeueiaoiae/,
A.Nooia?ee, A.No?oiainueeee, ?.O?oo?i oa ?i.).

?ieue i?e?ia?oi o i?ioean? i?aai?caoe?? aeica?eey, a caaaeueiiio oa
ii?aeueiiio ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? a oe?eiio oa oi?ioaaii? ?? ii?aeueieo
a?aeiinei cie?aia — iacaia?a/ia. I?iaeaie no?oeoo?e, ci?noo, eoeueoo?e
aeica?eey aena?oeai? a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo iaaeaaia?a,
nioe?ieia?a ? ineoieia?a (?.Aiae?oo?a, A.A?ee?i, A.Aoaeaiiaa, E.Ai?ae?i,
?.Aeaiiae, E.Aeaeaie?ic, A.?aoa?aa, N.Eeoaei-E?iae?aothe, A.E?nianueeee,
O.Iaoia, A.I?aeaoianueea, A.Oa?iai oa ?i.).

Iaeiei ?c iniiaieo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a o
i?e?ia?oiao o i?ioean? aeica?eey ? nioe?ieoeueoo?ia ae?yeuei?noue
aaouee?a ? ae?oae, yea, ca iaoeie aeaieie, ? aca?iicaeaaeiith. Oae,
aeiey eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae, ye? iaea?eueoa ?icaeaathoue aeooiai?noue
iniaenoino?, ? iecueeith (caeia?oueny oaoi?/iith oa ooaeiaeiueith
oai?/?noth, ?ioaeaeooaeueii-i?ciaaaeueieie aeaeaie caiyoue 6,3%
aei?ineeo, 5,8% i?aee?oe?a); /eoa? e?oa?aoo?o (niaoe?aeueio, ooaeiaeith,
i?ano) a?aeiia?aeii 28,4% aaouee?a ? 26,1% ae?oae; a?aea?aeo?
e?iioaao?e, oaao?e, aenoaaee, aeoeaii a?aeii/eaa? 24,5% aei?ineeo ?
33,7% ae?oae; a?aeii/eaa? iica n?i’?th (a iniiaiiio, ni?eeoaaiiy c
ae?ocyie) 33,3% aaouee?a ? 52,5% ae?oae; aeeaeoueny oaeaa?ci? 55,8%
aei?ineeo ? 54,9% i?aee?oe?a. O oie aea /an, 12% ae?oae ? 3% aaouee?a ia
iathoue /?oeiai ?aaeeio aeiy, iaei a?aeii/eaathoue.

Ianooiiei oaeoi?ii i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a
aenooia? iaoi?iaeueia ni?eeoaaiiy c iaeiie?oeaie, yea ni?ey? ?o
naiinoaa?aeaeaiith, naii?aae?caoe??, aeciaiith. Oae, /eaiaie iie?oe/ieo,
?ae?a?eieo i?aai?caoe?e ? a?ae 0,4 aei 6% i?aee?oe?a;
nii?oeaii-icaei?ia/eo oiaa?enoa, ioce/ieo a?oi — a?ae 1,1% aei 6%;
iaoi?iaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e (o?einionueei-aoi?/ieo) — a?ae 0,4 aei 5,8%;
caia?a/o? nai? /eainoai o aoaeue-ye?e iieiae?aei?e i?aai?caoe?? — a?ae
42 aei 92,6% i?aee?oe?a. Aiaeii/an, 57% ae?oae a?aecia/eee aa?i? ? 27%
caaeia?euei? noinoiee c ae?ocyie o aoee/ieo eiiiai?yo. Cia/ia ?o /anoeia
ia?aaoaa? i?ae aieeaii ?aoa?aioieo a?oi, ye? /anoi ianooue iaaaoeaiee
ca?yae (i?iyae aeeiaie?cio, ia?eiiai??, i?inoeoooe??, cei/eiiino?). Oea
i?iaieo? i?aee?oe?a ia aii?aeuei? a/eiee, ? i?e/eiith aeenaa?iii?? a
noinoieao ?c ioi/oth/eie ethaeueie.

Aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a
oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio, ca iaoeie aeaieie, caeaaeeoue a?ae aeoiaiiai
iioaioe?aeo ?o iaeaeeae/iai ioi/aiiy, ni?yioaaiiy coneeue aaouee?a,
o/eoae?a ? a?iiaaenueeino? ia aea/aiiy aieea?a inoaii?o ia ae?oae,
caeo/aiiy caei?iai? /anoeie iaoi?iaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue, aoee/ieo a?oi aei
ae?yeueiino? oe?eueiiai /e eeaniiai eieaeoea?a, iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?e, iaeo?ae?caoe?th ie?aieo aieea?a aioenioe?aeueieo a?oi
oeyoii icaei?iaeaiiy noinoie?a i?ae naieie i?aee?oeaie, ia noai?aiiy a
?aaeueiiio aeeoo? neooaoe?e, eiee a?aei?noue aenooia? ?aaoeyoi?ii
iiaaae?iee oa i?iyao e?aueo yeinoae.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Aenia?eiaioaeueia caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio» —
?ice?eo? ci?no ? iaoiaeeea eiai ?aae?caoe?? a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy,
i?aai?caoe?? iicao?i/ii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a o i?e?ia?oiao, niaoeeo?ea
i?aeaioiaee oe?eueiiai iaaeaaiaa oa aaouee?a aeey cae?eniaiiy
iinoaaeaiiai caaaeaiiy.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aenia?eiaioo i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aii??e/iiai iaoa??aeo
uiaei c’ynoaaiiy ??aiy ocaaaeueiaiiy ii?aeueieo i???ioaoe?e 257
i?aee?oe?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa Euea?anueei?
iaeanoae. A?i iieacaa, ui aiie (i???ioaoe??) aacothoueny ia i??i?eoaoieo
yeinoyo iniaenoino?: /ani?noue, ni?aaaaeeea?noue, aeia?ioa, ethaia aei
ethaeae, /oei?noue oa ?i.. Ii?yae c oeei, ?aiaoaaiiy yeinoae, ye?
i?aee?oee oe?iothoue ? ciaaaaeathoue, aeyaeei iaaio aacnenoaii?noue
(ieie iaaeinoaoiuei /?oei aecia/aia cia/ou?noue oaeeo yeinoae, ye
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, i?aoeaethai?noue, aoiaii?noue, no?eiai?noue,
aino?i ia canoaeaeothoueny caa?oi?noue, ceinoea?noue, oeei?ci oa ?i.),
caeaaei?noue ?o ii?aeueieo i???ioaoe?e a?ae oe?iiinoae, ye?
eoeueoeaothoueny n?i’?th, oeieith, a?iiaaenueeeie ia’?aeiaiiyie ia
aeica?ee? oa a?ae i?aai?caoe?? ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a nenoai? o?ie?a.

O ianooiieo aeaio aoaiao aenia?eiaioo (eiinoaooth/iai oa oi?ioth/iai)
caae?yii 229 o/i?a 5-11-o eean?a.

?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo i?aeoaa?aeeee a?iioaoe/ia
i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui ni?eyoeea? oiiae iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a caeaaeaoue a?ae ?o eiioi?eaoeaieo oi?iue
(ii?aeiaiiy iniaenoeo ? eieaeoeaieo ?ioa?an?a, aacei?eneeaa aeiiiiiaa,
ai?iiy aeneooaoe oi/eo ci?o ni?a?iciiaieea), noi?iiaaiino? ?ioaa?iaaii?
ii?aeueii? ?ene «aoiaii?noue», caeaoiino? ?aaoethaaoe nai? a/eiee oa
iiaaae?ieo, a?aoiaoaaoe iane?aeee nai?? ae?yeueiino?, i?ioeae?yoe
aii?aeueiei yaeuai.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai aoai?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
ni?iaeoiaaiee ? i?iaaaeaiee oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio: o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy,
i?aai?caoe?? iicao?i/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aee?oe?a o i?e?ia?oiao.

Oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei o iaa/aeuei?e ae?yeueiino? i?ioiaeeei ia
o?ieao aiae?enueei? iiae a 9-o eeanao (aniaeo “Aeiiaoi? /eoaiiy”). Aiii
?aae?ciaoaaeinue ia aoe/iiio iaoa??ae? i’?n aia?eeainueeeo aaoi??a1) ?
ia?aaeaa/aei ci?noiao, i?ioeanoaeueio ? iaoiaee/io ?ic?iaeo nenoaie
o?ie?a (i?iaaaeaiee oeeee o?ie?a o 4 eiio?ieueieo ? 5 aenia?eiaioaeueieo
a?oiao — 43 ? 66 /ieia?e), iaaeaaia?/ii coiiaeaia ni?yioaaiiy iaoe,
caaaeaiue ? iaoai?ci?a ?o ?aae?caoe??, caeeaaeaieo o oaiaoe/iiio ieai?
oa i?ia?ai? noeioethaaiiy iicao?i/ii? aeoeaiino? i?aee?oe?a ia
aeica?ee?.

I?aai?caoe?y iicao?i/ii? aeoeaiino? i?aee?oe?a o i?e?ia?oiao
ia?aaeaa/aea ?o ??ciiieaiiao ae?yeuei?noue: iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueio,
noni?eueii-i?aai?caoi?nueeo, nii?oeaii-icaei?ia/o, ca ?ioa?anaie.
Caaaeii, o ?iaio? ao?oe?a, eeoa?a, nii?oeaieo naeoe?e,
aeeoy/i-thiaoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e acyei aeoeaio o/anoue 120 o/i?a 5-11-o
eean?a.

Oni?o oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo, cia/iith i??ith, caeaaeaa a?ae oi?ei?
i?aai?caoe?? e ea?oaaiiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiei i?ioeanii eeaniiai
ea??aieea, a/eoaey-i?aaeiaoieea, ea??aiee?a ao?oe?a, eeoa?a, nii?oeaieo
naeoe?e oiui (aeeiiaiiy ieie ?yaeo nioe?aeueieo ?ieae: iaiaaeaea?,
iiaeaeue, ianoaaiee, ii-?aaeiee, nioe?aeueiee i?aoe?aiee, ae?oa oa ?i.),
ai?iiy ?aae?coaaoe na?e i?ioan?iiae?ci c iaoith ei?aeoe?? iaaaoeaieo
a/eie?a, iiaaae?iee o/i?a, aeoiaaiiy a ieo ethaia? aei ?icoiiai? oa
o?ce/ii? i?aoe?, oi?ioaaiiy aenieeo iaoe?iiaeueieo ii/ooo?a ? ii?aeueieo
yeinoae a?iiaaeyieia. I?aeaeueoe na?e ii?aeueii-i?ioan?eiee ??aaiue
o/eoaeue, aeoiaaoaeue iiaea oeyoii iiaeeaeaiiy ciaiue
ineoieiai-o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae i?aee?oe?a, iaaoooy aeina?aeo
aoiaiiiai ni?eeoaaiiy c ae?oueie, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
aeoiaaioe?a o i?ioean? ?o ?icaeoeo; ae?aaiinooaaiiy ??aiy ii?aeueiino?
i?aee?oe?a ?, ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ieaioaaiiy oa
aeeth/aiiy ae?oae o aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue, yea ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith ?o
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei; iino?eiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c aaoueeaie.

Iaaeaaia?/ii-iaa?oioiaaia ?iaioa c aaouee?anueeith a?iiaaenuee?noth
i?iaiaeeeanue o?ueiia oeyoaie: iaaeaaia?caoe?y oa ineoieia?caoe?y an?o
n?iaeieo ? iican?iaeieo a?aeiinei; ?icoe?aiiy ii?aeueiiai oe?eueiiai
na?aaeiaeua; i?aai?caoe?y n?iaeiiai aeica?eey. Ii?yae ?c ?ioeie oi?iaie
?iaioe c aaoueeaie (?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aan?aee, ni?eueia iaaiai?aiiy
i?aee?oeaie oa ?o aaoueeaie i’?n, o/anoue o oe?eueieo ni?aaao,
i?aai?caoe?y aeica?eey) iaeaoaeoeai?oeie aeyaeeeny aaouee?anuee? cai?e
(?o a?aea?aeaee 71,6% aaouee?a) ? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? eiinoeueoaoe??
(62,8% aaouee?a, aeeth/aieo o oeth oi?io ?iaioe, i?aeoaa?aeeee ??
aoaeoeai?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue).

I?aai?ciaaiee ni?eueiee aeoiaiee aieea n?i’?, oeiee ? iioaioe?ae
i?e?ia?oi ni?eyee oi?ioaaiith ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a,
c?inoaiith ?o aeoeaiino? o ??ciiieaiia?e ae?yeueiino? ia aeica?ee?.
Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ia caeeth/iiio aoai? oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo aeaco? ia nooo?a? e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ci?ie ca
a?aeiia?aeieie ia?aiao?aie (oaae.1, ?en.2), ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue ? a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy

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AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeaiee oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
i?aee?oe?a aeyaea iaiao?aei?noue ?ioaa?aoe?? iaoeiaeo ciaiue i?i ie?ai?
?? aniaeoe a ?aeeio nenoaio, aeaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiai aeai?eoio
i?iaeoeoeaiiai ae??oaiiy ?? caaaeaiue, iniaeeai a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio.
Oeyoii aaaaeaiiy iiiyooy «oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei», aea/aiiy
eiai no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a, cania?a ? aaeaeaaoieo iaoai?ci?a ?icoe?aii
ci?no ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy. A?i iieyaa? o oi?ioaaii? ii?aeueieo
a?aeiinei iniaenoino? a ?? ae?yeueiino?, ni?eeoaaii? c ?ioeie noa’?eoaie
ia an?o aoaiao naiai a?eiaiai ?icaeoeo, a ??ciiiai?oieo noa?ao aeoeaiiai
aeeooy.

2. Aeyaeaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao
i?e?inioe?oio coiiaeth?oueny ia no/aniiio aoai? ?yaeii iniaeeainoae:
ineoio?c?ieia?/ieie iio?aaaie a?eo (naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy, naii?aae?caoe?y
oa ?i.); c?inoaiiyi noia?a/iinoae i?ae iieie?iiyie; ?oeioaaiiyi
o?aaeeoe?eieo n?iaeii-?iaeeiieo a?aeiinei; i???ioaoe??th ia iiaee noeeue
aeeooy; iia??oaiiyi noaio «ia?a?iaeueii? ethaeeie»; oneeaaeiaiiyi
ineoinioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? aei iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiia;
aeooae?caoe??th iio?aae oai?/iai iiooeo iiaeo oeyo?a aeoiaeo ?c e?ece;
?icoe?aiiyi a?aieoeue aeeth/aiiy iiaiai iieie?iiy a eiino?oeoeai?
noni?euei? ia?aoai?aiiy; i???ioaoe??th ia noa’?eo-noa’?eoio iniiao, ia
ye?e i?io?ea? aca?iiae?y ? ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae iniaenoinoyie.

3. 3’yniaaii nai???aei?noue aieeao i?e?inioe?oio ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a, yea iieyaa? o a?aooaaii? oa?aeoa?o
aca?iia?aeiinei iniae c ioi/oth/eie ethaeueie a i?e?inioe?oi? n?i’?,
oeiee (eeano), i?e?ia?oiao o i?ioean? aeica?eey, anoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeaiai
ii?aeueiiai ee?iaoo, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?aeaa?o?noth,
aeia?ice/eea?noth, oiea?aioi?noth, aca?iiith aeia??ith oa iiaaaith.

4. Aecia/ai? e aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a o
i?e?i-nioe?oi?, iia’ycai?, ia?o ca ana, c aeaiie?aoecaoe??th ?
aoiai?caoe??th na?aaeiaeua, yea ioi/o? i?aee?oe?a, caaaa/aiiyi
nioe?ae?coth/eo ooieoe?e on?o noni?eueieo ?inoeooo?a, i?ia?aioaaiiyi
iaoeiaiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii noaiiaeaiiy ii?aeueiino? iniaenoino?,
aeciaiiyi i??i?eoaoiino? ii?aeueiiai ci?noo an??? ethaenueei?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa ?i.

5. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaaeaaia?/ia caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio iiaea neoaoaaoe
iaoeiaei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeey ?ic?iaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ae?aaiinoe/ieo
iaoiaeee o/eoaeyi, nioe?aeueiei iaaeaaiaai, aeoiaaoaeyi.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?iothoue on?o aniaeo?a i?iaeaie
ii?aeueiiai noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?. Iiaeaeueoo ia?niaeoeao
aeine?aeaeaiue aeaii? i?iaeaie aaa/a?ii o aea/aii? i?ioean?a
aca?iia?aeiinei ? ni?eeoaaiiy i?aee?oe?a a ?ioeo iai?yieao nenoaie
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. ?iiaieoei ?.I. Aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae aeica?eey o oi?ioaaii? ii?aeueieo
a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a // Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee a?niee «Aeaea?aea». —
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999. — ?1-2 .- N.96-100.

2. ?iiaieoei ?.I. ?ieue oe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua o oi?ioaaii? ii?aeueieo
aca?iei i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy // Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee /aniien aeey
ina?oyi «Ia???». — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999.-? 1(8).-N.43-46.

3. ?iiaieoei ?.I. Iniaeeaino? i?aeaioiaee oe?eueiiai iaaeaaiaa aei
oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a //Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee a?niee
«Aeaea?aea». — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee , 1998.-?3-4.-N.69-72.

4. ?iiaieoei ?.I. Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei o
i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe? (ia iaoa??ae? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy) //
Ca. iaoe. i?.: o?einio?y, nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee:
Aeae-ai «Ieae» I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1998.-Aei.2.- *.1.- N. 145-152.

5. ?iiaieoei ?.I. Ii?aeuei? a?aeiineie ye ci?no ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
(oai?aoe/iee aniaeo aiae?co) // Ca. iaoe. i?.: o?einio?y, nioe?ieia?y,
ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai «Ieae» I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo,
1998. — Aei.2. — *.2. — N. 83-91.

6. ?iiaieoei ?.I. Ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy a n?i’? ye aniaeo i?ioeano
nioe?ae?caoe?? i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy // Ca. iaoe. i?.: o?einio?y,
nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai «Ieae»
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1996. — Aei.1. — *.1. — N. 99-105.

7. ?iiaieoei ?.I. Iniiai? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei
i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio // Ca. iaoe. i?.: o?einio?y,
nioe?ieia?y, ineoieia?y. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai «Ieae»
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo, 1996. — Aei.1. — *.2. — N. 139-145.

8. ?iiaieoei ?.I. Oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? (ia iaoa??ae? o?ieo aiae?enueei? iiae o 9-o eean?)
// E?iaai-iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe aeeeaaeaiiy ?iicaiieo iia: Ca??iee noaoae ?
aeiiia?aeae I?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 15-17 aa?aniy 1997 ?. I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea. Eaoaae?a aiae?enueei? o?eieia??. — Eieiiey: A?e,
1997. — N. 58-63.

Aiioaoe??

?iiaieoei ?.I. Oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao
i?e?inioe?oio. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa
?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. — I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? A.Noaoaieea;
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo
a?aeiinei i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao i?e?inioe?oio — n?i’?, oeiee, i?e?ia?oiao
o i?ioean? i?aai?caoe?? aeica?eey. Aecia/ai? no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe
(?ioaa?iaai? noa’?eoe aeoiaii? aca?iiae??, ?ioaeaeooaeuei? aeaea?aea
aeoiaiiai aieeao, Eiinoeoooe?y, iiae?? oa oaeoe no/anii? ae?eniino?),
oaeoi?e (i?eeeaae iiaaae?iee, ii?aeueia noaaeaiiy, aeani? ae?? noa’?eoa
aca?iei, ei?aeooth/? aieeae na?aaeiaeua ia noa’?eo), aoaie (iiaaae?ieiaa
oyaeaiiy i?i noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ae?y (a/eiie-cae/ea-iiaaae?iea) ye
iane?aeie ona?aeiieaiiy noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, ona?aeiieaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeanieo ae?e – ii?aeueia ia?aeiiaiiy, noai?aiiy
noa’?eoeaii? iiaeae? a?aeiinei: naiino?eiee iai?? iane?aeoaaoe ??),
caniae oa iaoai?cie ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano; i?iaiae?ciaaiee aieea
i?e?inioe?oio ia aeaiee i?ioean e aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaai?
iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae eiai iioei?caoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?e?inioe?oi, ii?aeuei? a?aeiineie, iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae,
no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe, iioei?caoe?y.

?iiaieoei E.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea i?aanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee iiae?inoeia a
oneiaeyo iee?inioeeoia.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 —
oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. — I?eea?iaoneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
A.Noaoaieea, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey i?aanoaaiiuo
ioiioaiee iiae?inoeia a oneiaeyo iee?inioeeoia — naiuee, oeieu,
iee?ia?oiiao a i?ioeanna i?aaiecaoeee aeinoaa.

A oai?aoe/aneie /anoe ?aaiou i?iaiaeece?iaaiu oai?aoe/aneea aniaeou
oi?ie?iaaiey i?aanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee iiae?inoeia a oneiaeyo
iee?inioeeoia, nia?aiaiiua ioa/anoaaiiua e ca?oaaaeiua eiioeaioeee e
oai?ee i?aanoaaiiiai ainieoaiey ee/iinoe: «eiioeaioeey ioiioaiee»
(E.Aiaeiae/, A.Iyneuaa, I.Uo?eiaa), nioeeiineoieiae/aneea,
nioeeieiae/aneea, nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneea oai?ee (A.Aa?inoaei,
A.Aeth?eaaei, Y.Naie?, C.O?aeae), «oieaeueiay oai?ey ?acaeoey
iiae?inoea», «iaoi?iaeueiie eoeueoo?u aia?eeaineie n?aaeiae oeieu»
(Aeae.Eioeiai), «eiioeaioeey iieiaeuo ethaeae» (A.Ooaa?iai), «oai?ey
i?eia?aoaiey iiuoa iiaaaeaiey a iauanoaa» (A.Aaiaeo?a), «oai?ey ?acaeoey
/a?ac iiciaiea» (E.Eieaa?a, AE.Ieaaea) e ae?.

Oai?aoe/anee niiaeaee?iaai yoaiiue i?ioeann oi?ie?iaaiey i?aanoaaiiuo
ioiioaiee (E.Eioeaa?a, I.Uo?eiaa), iaoaieci eioi?iai i?aaeoniao?eaaao:
iiyaeaiea o /aeiaaea iiiyoey ia iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaieyo; i?aeoe/aneia
aeaenoaea (iinooiie-i?eau/ea-iiaaaeaiea), ?aaoee?oaiia n?aaeie, eioi?ua
ia?aaiaeyo i?eia?aoaiiua i?aanoaaiiua ciaiey a oaaaeaeaiey e
ii?aaeaeytho iai?aaeaiiinoue aai iineaaeothuae aeayoaeueiinoe i?e o/aoa
aeeyiey iaoeeiiaeueiie e iaua/aeiaa/aneie eoeueoo?u e o?aaeeoeee,
caeiiia no?aiu, oaeoi?ia noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey i?aanoaaiiuo
acaeiiaeaenoaee: i?eia?a iiaaaeaiey, ioiioaiey e noauaeoo, nianoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe ee/iinoe, ei??aeoe?othuaai aeeyiey n?aaeu ia noauaeo
(Ae.A?eoei, O.O?ieiaa, I.Uo?eiaa), oneiaee aianaiaeiiai e aiaoeieueiiai
aeeyiey ia iiae?inoea, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo (oeceieiae/aneeo,
ineoieiae/aneeo, ee/iinoiuo) iniaaiiinoae e caeiiiia?iinoae aai
?acaeoey.

Aeaia iaaeaaiae/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea iee?inioeeoia. A /anoiinoe,
?ane?uoi iiiyoea “iee?inioeeoi”, ii?aaeaeaiu oaeoi?u e oneiaey
iieiaeeoaeueiiai (eoeueoo?a iauaiey iaaeaeo ac?ineuie e iiae?inoeaie,
iaaeaeo naieie ac?ineuie; iaee/ea o?aaeeoeeiiiuo ioiioaiee a oeieueiii
eieeaeoeaa; nioeeaeueii-eiiioieeaoeaiay aeayoaeueiinoue e
acaeiiaeaenoaea ainieooaiuo e ainieoaoaeae; i?aanoaaiiay
(iiciaaaoaeueiay, o?oaeiaay, iauanoaaiii-iieaciay, ynoaoe/aneay,
nii?oeaii-icaei?iaeoaeueiay) aeayoaeueiinoue a oeiea; niaianoiay
nioeeieoeueoo?iay aeayoaeueiinoue ac?ineuo e aeaoae ia aeinoaa; aunieee
ia?aciaaoaeueiue, iaaeaaiae/aneee e iaoiaee/aneee o?iaaiue o/eoaeae,
eeanniuo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae; aioiaiinoue ?iaeeoaeae e ainieoaieth aeaoae;
aeaiie?aoecaoeey e aoiaiecaoeey anae nenoaiu ainieoaiey e ia?aciaaiey) e
io?eoeaoaeueiiai (yeiiiie/aneee e?ecen, niinianoaothuee a?aeo a?aiaie,
ioaaaeaiiiai ac?ineuie ia ainieoaiea naieo aeaoae; ia?acaeoinoue eo
niaoeeaeueiuo eiiioieeaoeaiuo iaaueia e iiaaaeaiey n aeaoueie a
eiioeeeoiuo neooaoeeyo; /?acia?iay iiaea, aeiieie?iaaiea ac?ineuo iaae
aeaoueie, eee aea iieiay eiaeeoa?aioiinoue a eo ainieoaiee;
eoeueoeae?iaaiea ac?ineuie a aeaoyo i?aiaeaaeaiey ee/iinoiuo oeaiiinoae
iaae iaoeeiiaeueii-nioeeaeueiuie e ae?.) aeeyiey naiuee, oeieu,
iee?ia?oii a i?ioeanna aeinoaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ia oi?ie?iaaiea
i?aanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee iiae?inoeia.

A yenia?eiaioaeueiie /anoe aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uou niaea?aeaiea e
iaoiaeeea ?aaeecaoeee i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey i?aanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee
iiae?inoeia a i?ioeanna iao/aiey (a nenoaia o?ieia aiaeeeneiai ycuea) e
i?aaiecaoeee ?aciiieaiiaie aeayoaeueiinoe iiae?inoeia a iee?ia?oiiao ia
aeinoaa, niaoeeoeea iiaeaioiaee oeieueiiai iaaeaaiaa e ?iaeeoaeae ii
?aaeecaoeee iinoaaeaiiiai caaeaiey. A /anoiinoe, aeai aiaeec
ia/aeueiiai, eiinoaoe?othuaai e oi?ie?othuaai yoaiia yenia?eiaioa. Aai
?acoeueoaou iiaeoaa?aeeee iieiaeaiea i oii, /oi o?iaaiue i?aanoaaiiuo
ioiioaiee iiae?inoeia caaeneo io eo eiiioieeaoeaiuo iaaueia, iaeaaeaiey
i?aanoaaiiui ea/anoaii «aoiaiiinoue», niiniaiinoe ?aaoee?iaaoue naie
iinooiee e iiaaaeaiea, o/eouaaoue iineaaenoaey naiae aeayoaeueiinoe,
oiaiey i?ioeainoiyoue aii?aeueiui yaeaieyi.

?aaeecaoeee yenia?eiaioa niinianoaiaaee iaaeaaiae/anee iaoneiaeaiiua
oeaeue, caaea/e e iaoaieciu, caeiaeaiiua a oaiaoe/aneii ieaia i?ioeanna
iao/aiey e i?ia?aiia noeioee?iaaiey aeinoaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
iiae?inoeia, /aoeay i?aaiecaoeey e ?oeiaiaenoai i?ioeannii eeanniui
?oeiaiaeeoaeai e o/eoaeai-i?aaeiaoieeii, o?iaaiue eo i?aanoaaiiie
c?aeinoe, niaianoii-i?iaaaeaiiay ?aaioa enneaaeiaaoaey, ainieoaoaeae,
o/eoaeae e ?iaeeoaeae: iaaeaaiaecaoeey e ineoieiaecaoeey anao naiaeiuo e
aianaiaeiuo ioiioaiee, ?anoe?aiea i?aanoaaiiie oeieueiie n?aaeu,
i?aaiecaoeey aeinoaa naiuee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iee?inioeeoi, i?aanoaaiiua ioiioaiey, iaaeaaiae/aneea
oneiaey, no?oeoo?iua eiiiiiaiou, iioeiecaoeey.

Romanyshyn I.M. The formation of juveniles’ moral relationships in the
condition of microsocial environment. — Manuscript. Thesis for a
candidate’s degree by speciality 13.00.01 — Theory and History of
Pedagogy. — Precarpathian University named after V.Stephanyk;
Ivano-Frankivsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to studying the process of juveniles’ moral
relationships formation in microsocial environment — family, school,
microgroups in the process of leisure. Structural components (integrated
individuals of the educational interaction, intellectual sources of the
educational influence, the Constitution, events and facts of nowaday
reality), factors (behavioural example, moral attitude, interaction
individual’s personal actions, environment’s corrective influences on
the individual), stages (behavioural idea of social relationships,
action (deed-habit-conduct) as a result of social relations’
realization, realization of the personal actions’ results – moral
persuasion, creation of the individual relation model: independent
intention to follow it), means and mechanisms of the process are
defined; the influence of micro-social environment on this process is
analysed, and the pedagogical conditions of its optimization are well
grounded.

Key words: microsocial environment, moral relationships, pedagogical
conditions, structural components, optimization.

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