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IIIINOA?NOAI INAIOE OE?A?IE

OA?IIIIEUeNUeEA AEAAeAIIss IA?IAeIIAI AINIIAeA?NOAA

I?AAeEE AAEEIA AAeAIIAIA

OAeE 338.4

OI?IOAAIIss IA?AAE? ?IOI?IAOe?EIEO I?AeI?E?INOA A OE?A?I?

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 08.06.01 — Aeiiiiiea iiaei?e?inoa i
i?aaiicaoeiy ae?iaieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo iaoe

OA?IIIIEUe – 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee,
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei oa ia?eaoeiao Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai??
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Naaaeue?a ?aaai Aaneeueiae/,

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee, o?iainiai-

e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei oa ia?eaoeiao

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeo?ou Aieiaeeie? Iaaeiae/,

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee
i?aei?e?inoa oa

ei?ii?aoe?e

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aia/ae ?aai N?eueaano?iae/,

Oa?iii?euenueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.?.Ioethy, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
iaiaaeaeiaioo o ae?iaie/?e noa??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oe?a?inueeee ?inoeooo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29”n?/iy 1999 ?. i 11 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaiie a/aii? ?aaee Ae58.082.01 a Oa?iii?euenuee?e aeaaeai??
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith: 282004, i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe.
Euea?anueea, 11, aoae. 1300.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith: 282004, Oa?iii?eue,
aoe. Euea?anueea, 11.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28”a?oaeiy1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa??ii ?.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy. O?ainoi?iaoeiy aeiiiiiee Oe?a?ie
i?eaaea aei i?i?ioaoei? iiaei?e?inoa ia oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy aeiiiii/ii?
iioi?iaoei? ainiiaea?nueeie aeiyeueiinoi, ineieueee inoaiiy ana aieueoa
aiaeia?a? ?ieue ae?iaie/iai oaeoi?a i no?aoaai/iiai ?ano?no.

I?ioa aeith/a nenoaia iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/aiiy ia caaeiaieueiy?
c?inoath/i iio?aae iiaei?e?inoa a oi/iie i aeinoiai?iie iioi?iaoei?, ai
ia i?i?ioiaaia ia ?eieiai iaoaiicie oi?ioaaiiy aeiiiiiee.

A oiiaao ieaiiaiai oi?aaeiiiy ia?iaeiei ainiiaea?noaii, a
noaa?eueiiio na?aaeiaeu? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee, eiia?oe?ei? neoaeae,
ui niaoeiaeicoaaeeny ia cai?i, ia?iaoei oa ia?aaea/i aeiiiii/ii?
iioi?iaoei? aoee a?aenooi?. Iiiiioi iioi?iaoei?, iaiaoiaeiee a oaeeo
oiiaao, ?aaeiciaoaaany /a?ac nenoaio iaoeiai-oaoii/ii? iioi?iaoei?, ui
iaea aiaeiiaiaeia oeieueiaa ni?yioaaiiy i c oeo ii? iaei ciiieeanue.

No/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo aeiiiiiee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aeeiai?/i?noth, oaeaeeith ci?iith ?eieiai? neooaoe??, ui i?ecaiaeeoue
aei iaiao?aeiino? ?icaeyaeo ?ioi?iaoe?? ye oiaa?o. Iaaaeeea e?euee?noue
o??i, ye? iaaeathoue eaae?o?eiaai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iineoae, aenie? oe?ie
ia ?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?iaeoeoe ? iineoae (?II), aiaenooiinoue ioioeieiiai
aeinooio aei aaaaoueio aeaea?ae iioi?iaoei?, yea iio?iaia niiaeeaa/ai
aeey ii?iaeueiiai ooieoeiiioaaiiy ia ?eieo, ?o iaaeinoaoiy
iaiciaiinoue i?i aeaea?aea iio?iaii? iioi?iaoei? ni?e/eiythoue
iacaaeiaieaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa i?aei?e?inoa.

I?iaeaiai iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/aiiy iiaei?e?inoa, ?icaeoeo
?eieo iioi?iaoei?, aeiiiii/iei ieoaiiyi iioi?iaoeieii? aeiyeueiinoi
i?enay/aii ?iaioe oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo i aeiiiiinoia TH.E.Aacaiiaa,
A.I.A?eaeei, I.I.??iioaiei, A.I.Eaeeoe/a, TH.I.Eaieaiia, A.N.Eieiiieoey,
A.I.Eauaiei, A.E.Iaiueeianueeiai, ?.Ieeoeeinueeiai, A.Iao?iaa,
A.A.Ieaeniaa, I.N.Oea/aiei, E.N.Oa?/aiei oa ii. I?ioa a oeeo ?iaioao ia
aeineiaeaeoaaeeny ieoaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iaaeathoue
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei?, ia?eaoeiaia?, eiinaeoeiaia? oa ?i. ?II, i?iaeaie
oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai naeoi?o ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa.

Aeey aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe ainiiaea?nueeeo iiaei?e?inoa iaiaoiaeia oaea
nenoaia iioi?iaoeieiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, yea a neoaeeea iino?oiaioii
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie ia iniiai aeei?enoaiiy
iioi?iaoeieieo ?ano?nia i iaaeaiiy oe?ieiai niaeo?o iioi?iaoeieieo
iineoa. A oiaei o?ainoi?iaoei? aeiiiiiee a e?a?ii aiaeaoaa?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy ia?aaei niaoeiaeiciaaieo iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?eainoa, a
iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie i?eaaoieo. Aea ia ?icaeoie iiaei?e?iieoeueei?
aeiyeueiinoi a oeie noa?i aieeaa? iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo aeineiiaeeo
oai?aoe/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue i i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?iaie c ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy
?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa oa aeaiaioia ?eieiai? iioi?iaoeieii?
iio?ano?oeoo?e, cia/ia aiaenoaaaiiy aiae naioiaiai ?iaiy a ?icaeoeo
oaoii/ii? aace caniaia ia?aaea/i iioi?iaoei?.

Oiio, noa?a iioi?iaoeieiiai aiciano iio?aao? i?iaaaeaiiy
aeineiaeaeaiue c iaoith noai?aiiy a?eueo aeineiiaei? nenoaie
iioi?iaoeieiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy iiaei?e?inoa, yea a a?aoiaoaaea
niaoeeoieo aio/eciyiiai ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa i aoaeoeaii
aeei?enoiaoaaea naioiaee aeinaiae.

Ia?ica’ycai?noue caaaeaiue, iia’ycaieo c oi?ioaaiiyi ia?aaei
iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa, a oaeiae iaiaoiaeiinoue eiiieaeniiai ?o
ae?ioaiiy iaoiiaeththoue aeooaeueiinoue aeai?o oaie aeena?oaoeieii?
?iaioe, iaoo, caaaeaiiy, no?oeoo?o oa aieiaii iai?yie
aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? neeaee iniiao aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeeiioaaeanue o
iaaeao iaoeiai-aeineiaeii? oaie Oa?iiiieuenueei? aeaaeaii? ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa «Aeineiaeaeaiiy i ?ic?iaea iioi?iaoeieii? nenoaie
oiiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo» (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoei? 0197U012449).

Iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
iniiaieo iai?yiia oi?ioaaiiy ia?aaei iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa a
?aieao ?aeeiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o Oe?a?ie.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? iineiaeiaia ae?ioaiiy
oaeeo caaaeaiue:

? aeineiaeeoe aeiiiii/io i?e?iaeo i nooue iioi?iaoei?, ?? ?ieue a
aeiyeueiinoi iiaei?e?inoa;

? aecia/eoe aeaee iioi?iaoeieiiai iiieoo oa iio?aa iiaei?e?inoa;

? aea/eoe niaoeeoieo aeiyeueiinoi iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa;

? i?iaanoe aiaeic naeoi?ia ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a Oe?a?ii;

? aeineiaeeoe /eiieee aioo?ioiueiai oa ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua i ?o
aieea ia aeiyeueiinoue iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa;

? ?ic?iaeoe no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa;

? iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie ?icaeoeo ia?aaei iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa a
oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo;

? aecia/eoe iioeiaeueii oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy iio?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo
?ioi?iaoeieieo iineoa.

Eiei iinoaaeaieo a aeaiie ?iaioi caaaeaiue iaoiiaeaia ianaiia?aae
i?aaiaiiyi aeoeaiooaaoe oaaao ia ieoaiiyo, iia’ycaieo ic aeieeiaiiyi i
?icaeoeii iioi?iaoeieieo neoaea ye iiaiai aeaiaioo nenoaie noniieueiiai
iiaeieo i?aoei.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Iniiaiee iaoeiaee
?acoeueoao aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui c?iaeaii
ni?iao i?aaeiaoii ?icaeyiooe ?ioi?iaoe?th ye oiaa?, eaoaai?ith
iioi?iaoeieiiai iiieoo oa niaoeeoieo aeiyeueiinoi iioi?iaoeieieo
iiaei?e?inoa; i?iaiae?ciaaii ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iaaeathoue
aeania ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iineoae, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?ei? oa
eiinaeoeiaia? iineoae; oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii i aecia/aii iai?yiee
?icaeoeo iio?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a Oe?a?ii. Aei
iaeaieueo inoioieo ?acoeueoaoia, yei oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaoeiao iiaecio
aeeiiaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy, neiae aiaeianoe ianooiii iieiaeaiiy:

? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iaoeiaa o?aeooaaiiy iioi?iaoei? ye
aeiiiii/ii? eaoaai?i?;

? ?ic?iaeaii eeaneoieaoeith iaeaaaeeeaioeo aeaeia iioi?iaoei?, yei
caaeiaieueiythoue iioi?iaoeieiee iiieo iiaei?e?inoa;

? cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa;

? aeaii ioeiieo oaeoi?ia aioo?ioiueiai i ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua, yei
aieeaathoue ia aeiyeueiinoue iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa;

? cai?iiiiiaaii iai?yiee iioeiicaoei? i?aaiicaoeieii? no?oeoo?e
iioi?iaoeieiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy;

? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a
Oe?a?ii.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Oai?aoe/ii
ocaaaeueiaiiy ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iiaeaeueoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa i oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii?
i?ia?aie noai?aiiy eiai iioeiaeueii? iio?ano?oeoo?e.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?eythoue ae?ioaiith
i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c iioi?iaoeieiei caaacia/aiiyi ainiiaea?nueeeo
iiaei?e?inoa, a oaeiae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoei
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoia Oe?a?ie. Ie?aii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoaii a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani Oa?iiiieuenueei? aeaaeaii?
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoei iaoaiicio
noai?aiiy iio?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a Oe?a?ii.

Cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa,
i?iaaaeaii aeineiaeaeaiiy eiai iniiaieo noa’?eoia, aecia/aii oaeoi?e
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, yei aieeaathoue ia aeiyeueiinoue
iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoei?, aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoei? aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia
?anioaeieainueeie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? «Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai?
aeiiiiiee a Oe?a?ii: oai?aoe/ii oa i?aeoe/ii i?iaeaie iiaeieaiiy e?ece”
(Aiiieoey, 1994), ia iiaeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioeiyo «Oe?a?ia —
?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: I?iaeaie ciaiioiuei-aeiiiii/ii? aeiyeueiinoi oa
ia?niaeoeae niia?iaioieoeoaa» (Ee?a, 1995), «I?iaeaie aeiiiii/ii?
iioaa?aoei? Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: oai?iy i no?aoaaiy»
(sseoa-Oi?in, 1996).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeineiaeaeaiiy iioaeieiaaii 8 ?iaio.
Caaaeueiee ianya ioaeieaoeie noaiiaeoue 2,5 ae?oeiaaiiai a?eooa.

Ianya i no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, o?ueio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, yeee ioiieth? 157 iaeiaioaaiue ia 11 noi?iieao, c ieo 48 —
iiicaiii aeaea?aea, 10 aeiaeaoeia, 14 oaaeeoeue ? 21 ?enoiie. Iiaiee
ianya aeena?oaoei? neeaaea? 187 noi?iiie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icaeiei aeena?oaoei? «?eiie iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a
nenoaii ?eieiaeo aiaeiinei» ?ice?eoi nooue iioi?iaoei? ye aeiiiii/ii?
eaoaai?i?, iieacaii niaoeeoieo iioi?iaoeieiiai iiieoo oa aeiyeueiinoi
iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa, aecia/aii iio?aae a iioi?iaoei?
ainiiaea?nueeeo iiaei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaii, ui iioi?iaoeiy i?aaenoaaey? niaith aea?aii
aiaeiiinoi, yei aeathoue iiaeeeainoue iiaei?e?inoao aaeaeaaoii
c?aaaoaaoe ia i?iaeaio i ciaeoe oeyoe ?? ae?ioaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aeiiiii/iiio aniaeoi iioi?iaoeiy aenooia? ye
aaeocue aeiiiiiee, aeaiaio ?eieiaiai iaoaiicio, aeiiiii/iee ?ano?n,
noniieueia aeaai, oaeoi? eiieo?aioii? ai?ioueae, oiaa?.

Iioi?iaoeiy ? iaiaoa?iaeueiei oiaa?ii, aeanoeainoi yeiai c iaeii??
noi?iie aecia/athoueny oei, ui aeanoeai oiaa?ai acaaaei, a c iioi? —
iniaeeainoyie, iia’ycaieie c ?? i?e?iaeith i iiaeeeainoyie aeei?enoaiiy.
sse oiaa? aiia ia? oa?aeoa?ii ?ene, iia’ycaii c ?? iioaeaeooaeueiith
nooiinoth i aeoieathoue ic ni?iiiaeiinoi aieeaaoe ia noai?aiiy iiaiai
iioaeaeooaeueiiai i iaoa?iaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo: aieiaeiiiy iioi?iaoei?th
ia ? aa?aioi?th aaniethoiiai i?aaa ia ?? aeei?enoaiiy; i?iaeaae iaeii??
i oi?? ae iioi?iaoei? iiaea caeienithaaoenue aaeeeie eieueeinoi
iieoioeia i oei naiei ii iaeei c ieo ia noa? ?? iaeiiiniaiaei
aieiaea?ai; oeiiiinoue iioi?iaoei? ia ia? i?yiiai ca’yceo c aa?oinoth
?? noai?aiiy, caa?iaaiiy aai ia?iaee i caeaaeeoue aiae iinoey, /ano i
niiniao ?? aeei?enoaiiy.

Niaoeeoi/ieie aeey oiaa?o «iioi?iaoeiy» ? aeiiae, ui
i?aae’yaeythoueny aei ?? yeinoi o ca’yceo c ii?aeueiei noa?iiiyi.
Aeineiaeaeaiiy oa ?icaeyae ?icieo iaoeiaeo iiaeoiaeia aeicaieeee
aaoi?iai aecia/eoe, ui iniiaieie e?eoa?iyie yeinoi iioi?iaoei?,
iaiaoiaeii? noa’?eoo ainiiaea?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi aeey caaeiaieaiiy
iioi?iaoeieiiai iiieoo ? aeooaeueiinoue, iiaiioa, iaaeieiinoue oa
aeiiiii/iinoue.

Aeei?enoaiiy iioi?iaoei? ye oiaa?o aeicaiey? ainiiaea?nueeiio
iiaei?e?inoao ae?ioeoe oaei iniiaii i?iaeaie ye aecia/aiiy iiaeo
iai?yieia aeiyeueiinoi i oi?ioaaiiy aeiiiii/ii? iieioeee ia iniiai
aiaeico no?aoaai/ii? iioi?iaoei?, aiaeic i «?icaiaeea» aeiyeueiinoi
eiieo?aioia, aea/aiiy eii’thieoo?e ?eieo c iaoith caaacia/aiiy ia?aaaa
a eiieo?aioiie ai?ioueai, aaeineiiaeaiiy ani?oeiaioo oa yeinoi oiaa?ia i
iineoa iiaei?e?inoaa, oaoiieiai? ae?iaieoeoaa, aeei?enoaiiy aeinyaiaiue
IOI, iiooe iiaeo oeyoia ae?ioaiiy eiie?aoieo iaoeiai-oaoii/ieo
caaaeaiue.

A aeena?oaoei? anoaiiaeaii, ui iioi?iaoeieiee iiieo, yeee aeieea? a
i?ioeani i?eeiyooy oi?aaeiinueeeo ?ioaiue uiaei onoiaiiy i?iaeai,
aecia/a?oueny iioi?iaoeieieie iio?aaaie, yei aecia/athoue eiai ciino,
ia’?i, no?oeoo?o i aeeiaiieo. Aii iiaeiey?oueny ia noa’?eoeaiee — ci
noi?iie niiaeeaa/ia iioi?iaoei? oa ia’?eoeaiee — ci noi?iie
iinoaaeaieo oeieae. ?icieoey iiae ieie iieyaa? a oiio, ui oeieueiaa
i?i?ioaoeiy aaaea aei iaiaaeaiiy iioi?iaoei?, yeo iiaeiii niiaeeoe, a
i?e i?i?ioaoei? ia noa’?eoia i?iiiio?oueny oa iioi?iaoeiy, yea iiaea
aooe iio?iaiith niiaeeaa/ai.

A caeaaeiinoi aiae ae?iaie/eo ooieoeie iioi?iaoeieiee iiieo
iiaeiey?oueny ia iiieo aeey oi?aaeiiiy, ieaioaaiiy i i?aaiicaoei?
ae?iaieoeoaa; aeineiaeaeaiue, ?ic?iaee i ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa?ia;
caeoiiaaeue, caooo; oiiainoaaiiy.

Aea/aiiy ?icieo oai?aoe/ieo iiaeoiaeia aei aecia/aiiy iniiaieo
aeaeia iioi?iaoei?, yei ei?enoothoueny iiieoii iiaei?e?inoa, aeicaieeei
aaoi?iai noi?ioethaaoe aeaniee iiaeoiae aei i?iaeaie, a iniiao yeiai
iieeaaeaii oai?ith ia?eaoeiao. Oaea oi/ea ci?o aeaea iiaenoaao c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui iiaei?e?inoao iio?iaia iioi?iaoeiy i?i ?eiee caooo i
caaioiaaeue, aaeocaaa, caaaeueiiaeiiiii/ia; i?i i?e?iaeii ?ano?ne,
iaoeiai-oaoii/ia, nioeiaeueii-eoeueoo?ia, iieioeei-i?aaiaa; iioi?iaoeiy
i?i ?aaeoeith iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia aei? iiaei?e?inoaa e
iioi?iaoeiy i?i ?aaeoeith iiaei?e?inoaa ia aei? iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua.

Niiaeeaa/ia iioi?iaoei? iiaeieythoue ia eiioeaaeo niiaeeaa/ia;
aea?aeaaii no?oeoo?e; iina?aaeieeia; i?aaiicaoei?, yei iaaeathoue III;
no?oeoo?e, yei caa?iaathoue iioi?iaoeith a aiaee?eoiio aeinooii i
?iciianthaeaeothoue ??.

O ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aeena?oaioii aeyaeaii, ui
a Oe?a?ii aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi ainiiaea?nueeeo iiaei?e?iona ? aeaeeaaiiy
i oea coiiaeth? ?o iioi?iaoeieiee iiieo. Ia aeaiee iiiaio
iaeaeooaeueiioith ? iioi?iaoeiy i?i aioo?ioii ?eiee caooo.

Iioi?iaoeieiee iiieo iiaei?e?inoa caaeiaieueiythoue oi?ie, yei
aeithoue ia iioi?iaoeieiiio ?eieo i iaaeathoue iioi?iaoeieii iineoae.
Aeena?oaioii ?icaeyiooi ?icii iiaeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy i eeaneoieaoei?
iiaei?e?inoa, yei aeithoue ia ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa i
iaa?oioiaaii, ui iaeaieueo i?eeiyoiei ? aecia/aiiy — «iioi?iaoeieii
iiaei?e?inoaa», ineieueee ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai oa?iiio iiaeia
aeaeieeoe iaeaieueo nooo?aee, aieiaiee aeaiaio ?o aeiyeueiinoi ii cai?o
iioi?iaoei?, ?? ia?iaoei i i?aaenoaaeaiii aeey caaeiaieaiiy
iioi?iaoeieiiai iiieoo oa aeaco?oueny aaeocue aeiiiiiee, aei yei? aiie
aiaeiinyoueny.

Aeiyeueiinoue iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa ia? ?yae niaoeeoi/ieo
iniaeeainoae: aiie iaaeathoue ia?aaaao noai?aiith aeaniiai i?iaeoeoo,
io?eiothoue i?eaooie ca ?aooiie iaaeaiiy III, /anoi ? iiiiiieueieie
aeanieeaie iioi?iaoei?, iiaeiii oaeaeei ?aaaoaaoe ia iiai iiaeeeainoi
i caieoe niiaeeaa/ia, oiio ui oea aaaea aei iiaeeoieaoei? i?iaeoeoia i
iineoa oa iiyae ?o iiaeo aeaeia.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aeaiee /an a Oe?a?ii aeooaeueiith ?
eeaneoieaoeiy iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa ca i?aaeiaoaie ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
ineieueee iaeaea ani aiie caeiathoueny cai?ii, ia?iaeith i
?iciianthaeaeaiiyi iioi?iaoei?. Caiaeii c oeei aiie iiaeieythoueny ia
iiaei?e?inoaa, yei caeiathoueny aeaeaaie/ith aeiyeueiinoth,
noai?ththoue aaiee i aace aeaieo oa iaaeathoue iioi?iaoeieii iineoae.
Aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii eeaneoieaoeith iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa
aeey e?a?i c ia?aoiaeiith aeiiiiieith ca oa?eoi??aeueiei i?eioeeiii:
i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? iaaeathoue ?II ia oa?eoi??? an??? e?a?ie,
?aa?iiaeuei?,iaeani?.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei aeena?oaoei? «?eiie iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a Oe?a?ii:
aiaeic i noaiiaeaiiy» aaoi? aiaeico? ?icaeoie aio/eciyiiai ?eieo
iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa.

O ?iaioi ia iniiai nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaeo ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?io
iiaeaeue ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa (?en.1), a yeie aiaeia?aaeaii eiai
iniiaii eiiiiiaioe, aca?iica’ycee i aca?iiaei?. Oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai aeaeo
?eieo iiaeiii ni?eyoe noai?aiith iioi?iaoeieieo ia?aaeoiia aeey
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo aiaeiinei a onio noa?ao aeiiiiiee.

O ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaiiai aiaeico anoaiiaeaii, ui aei i?e/ei, yei
ni?eyee aeieeiaiith ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a Oe?a?ii, neiae
aiaeianoe ?icaeoie ?eieiaeo aiaeiinei; o?iciiiaiioiaiiy oi?i aeaniinoi;
c?inoaiiy eieueeinoi ainiiaea?nueeeo iiaei?e?inoa; eieaiaeaoeith
aea?aeaaii? iiiiiiei? ia ciaiioiueiaeiiiii/io aeiyeueiinoue; aeoiae
iiicaiieo oi?i ia aioo?ioiie ?eiie Oe?a?ie.

Noai?aiiy ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a e?a?ii ciaoiaeeoueny ia
ii/aoeiaiio aoaii, yeee aiaeia?aaea? o?oaeiiui ia?aoiaeo aiae
oeaio?aeiciaaii-ieaiiai? aeiiiiiee aei aieueiiai iiaei?e?iieoeoaa.
Iniiaieie i?e/eiaie oaeiai iieiaeaiiy ? oa, ui a iniiaii? iane
iiaei?e?ioeia oieueee oi?io?oueny ?icoiiiiy aaaeeeainoi iioi?iaoei?,
iaiaoiaeiinoi noai?aiiy iioi?iaoeieii? iio?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo,
aiaenooiinoue ?aeeii? aea?aeaaii? iieioeee i no?aoaai? uiaei ?icaeoeo
?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa.

Aiaeic ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa aeaa iiaeeeainoue aeyaeoe aeayei
oaiaeaioei? eiai ?icaeoeo :

 eieueeinoue iiaei?e?inoa, caeiyoeo iioi?iaoeieiei aicianii, c?inoa? ye
ca ?aooiie noai?aiiy naiinoieieo oi?i, oae i iioi?iaoeieieo neoaea
e?oiieo eiia?oeieieo no?oeoo? (AINO, Aeaa.5 oa ii.) o aeaeyaei
aiaeaeieia aai naiinoieieo noa’?eoia iiaei?e?iieoeueei? aeiyeueiinoi;

 c?inoaiiy caoeieaaeaiinoi aaaeo/eo ca?oaiaeieo oi?i a noa?i
iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa aei caiiaiaiiy iioi?iaoeieiiai aaeooio, yeee
neeaany a Oe?a?ii. I?i oea aiai?eoue, cie?aia, aiaee?eooy
i?aaenoaaieoeoa oaeeo eiiiaiie ye  Dun & Breadstreet, KPMG,  Price
 Waterhause  oa ii.;

 ?icoe?aiiy niaeo?o iineoa, yei iaaeathoueny iioi?iaoeieieie
iiaei?eainoaaie. sseui nii/aoeo ?o aeiyeueiinoue aoea ni?yiiaaia ia
iaaeaiiy aae?anii-aeiaiaeieeiai? iioi?iaoeii ii ae?iaieeai oiaa?ia i
iineoa a Oe?a?ii oa iiooe ca?oaiaeieo ia?oia?ia, oi ca?ac i?iiiceoeith
ia ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa iiaeia ?icaeieeoe ia o?e iniiaieo
naeoi?e:

 aeania iioi?iaoeieii iineoae (iaaeaiiy aae?anii-aeiaiaeieeiai?
?ioi?iaoei?, oaeaeiioiieaoeieii iineoae oa ii.);

 iioi?iaoeieii-eiinoeueoaoeieii iineoae, oiaoi iineoae, yei iathoue
iciaee ye iioi?iaoeieiiai, oae i eiinoeueoaoeieiiai oa?aeoa?o
(ia?eaoeiaiai aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?iai?ea iaaeieiinoi ia?oia?ia oa ii.);

 eiinaeoeiaiai iineoae ( eiinoeueooaaiiy ii CAAe oa ii.).

Aeena?oaioii aeineiaeaeaii i?aeoeeo aeiyeueiinoi iioi?iaoeieieo
iiaei?e?inoa a Oe?a?ii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aeaiee /an iniiaieie
noa’?eoaie ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa aenooiathoue i?aaie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aaeiiiy, Oi?aiai-i?iieneiaa iaeaoa Oe?a?ie, i?aaie noaoenoeee,
iaoeia? einoeoooe (Oe?a?inueeee ?inoeooo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ? aeiiii?/ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, ?inoeooo i?iaeai ?a?no?aoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie oa ?i.), aeaeaaieoeoaa aae?anieo oa
aae?anii-iiiaieeaoo?ieo aeiaiaeieeia, aeiiiii/ieo aacao i aeo?iaeia,
iiaei?e?inoaa, yei noai?ththoue aaiee i aace aeaieo (AAe) oa iaaeathoue
oaeaeiioiieaoeieii iineoae, ia?eaoeiaiai i eiinaeoeiaiai oi?ie.

Haeaieueo iioe?aieie ia ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa Oe?a?ie /a?ac
?o i?eeiyoii oeiie e ?icaaeoaeaio nenoaio ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? oiaa?e a
ae?oeiaaiie oi?ii — aeiaiaeieee e aeieiaa ia?iiaeeea. Aeaeaaoeyie
aeionea?oueny oieueee aeaa aeaee aeiaiaeieeia — aae?anii e
aae?anii-iiiaieeaoo?ii. ?o iiaeia ?icaeieeoe ia oiiaa?naeueii (iai?.,
«Iacaeaaeii ae?iaieee oiaa?ia i iineoa-97/98»), aaeocaai (iai?.,
«Nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei iiaei?e?inoaa Oe?a?ie»), ?aaiiiaeueii (iai?.,
«Aaou Ee?a. Cieioi noi?iiee»). Aei iaaeieieia ?o ?iaioe aiaeiinyoue
iaaenieo iia?aoeaiinoue aeiaiaeieeia aeeeeeaio o?eaaeei oa?iiiii
ae?oeoaaiiy, aiaenooiinoue aeiaiaeieeia ii iiaeo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa: aoaeeo, ia?eaoeia, ?aeeaia oiui.

Iioi?iaoeieia i?iaeoeoeiy aeaeaaieoeoa aeiiiii/ieo aacao i
/aniienia neeaaea?oueny c aacao, aeo?iaeia, atheaoiia, a oaeiae oeiiiaeo
oa iioi?iaoeieieo no?i/ie. Aeiiiii/ii aacaoe iathoue ye caaaeueio
ni?yiiaaiinoue («Iin?aaeiee»), oae i aaeocaao (oa?ia?nueea aacaoa «Hao
/an»). A atheaoiyo (iai?., Ukrinform Business News) ae?oeothoue
iia?aoeaio e aiaeioe/io iioi?iaoeith ii aaeocyo i?iieneiainoi, oiiainao,
i?aen-eenoe oiui. O no?i/eao (iai?., Iiaeie Aeieiaiai Naioo) aeeeaaeaii
iia?aoeaii iiaiaeiieaiiy i?i aaaeeeai i?iaeoe, iaeyaee e?aaeeoiiai,
aaethoiiai ?eieia Oe?a?ie oa ii. A aeiiiii/ieo aeo?iaeao
(iai?.,»Aeiiiiiea Oe?a?ie») ioaeieothoue iioi?iaoeieii-aiaeioe/ii
iaoa?iaee. Cacia/eii, ui i?aeoe/ii aiaenooiy niaoeiaeicaoeiy aacao i
aeo?iaeia ii aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, naeoi?ao ?eieo e ii.

Oaeaeiioiieaoeieii aocee CS/Monolit, Relkom-Oe?a?ia, ELVISTI oa ii.
i?iiiiothoue iaoa?iaee iioi?iaoeieieo aaaionoa, aeinooi aei naioiaeo
AAe, aeiaaeueieo ia?aae i ii. UAnet/Relcom caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue
?iaioe a ia?aae? Internet, yea ? aaaeeeaei a?cian-?iono?oiaioii.
Aaiiaioe oe??? ia?aae? a Oe?a?i? ei?enoothoueny iineoaaie oaeeo
?ioi?iaoe?ii-aeia?aeeiaeo neoaea: Internet securites, The Interactive
Investor, ECHO, European Business Directory. Aaaeeeaei ?ano?nii Internet
? World Wide Web (WWW), a yeiio ?niothoue na?aa?e i?aeoe/ii aoaeue-yei?
oaiaoeee. Iaea?eueo aeei?enoiaoaaieie ? ?oa?eee, ye? noinothoueny
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ae?yeuei?noue eiiiai?e, i?iaeoeoe ? iineoae, o?iain?a ?
?iaanoeoe?e oiui. No?eioth/eie oaeoi?aie a ?icaeoeo a?cianiaiai
aeei?enoaiiy Internet a Oe?a?i? ? iaaeinoaoiy eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y
i?aei?e?inoa oa onoaiia, iecueea oaoi?/ia ye?noue oaeaoiiieo e?i?e,
iaaeinoaoiy aeey caaacia/aiiy ii?iaeueii? ?iaioe no/aniiai
eiioi?eaoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, iaaeinoaoi?e ?icaeoie aaie?anueei?
nenoaie, iia’ycaii? ?c cae?eniaiiyi oa i?eeiyooyi ieaoaae?a /a?ac
nenoaio e?aaeeoieo ea?oie. Aei iaeaieueo aaeeeeo iioi?iaoeieieo i
eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aae Oe?a?ie aiaeiinyoue Oe?a?inueea iaoeiiiaeueia
iioi?iaoeieia aaaionoai, AIEEI, NAIO, ELVISTI, aeaeo?iiio eiii’thoa?io
aacaoo «Ana-anii». Ia a?o/eciyiiio ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio ?eieo i?aaenoaaeaii
aeecueei 60 AAe aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??.Na?aae ieo iaeaieueo oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeaiiy io?eiaee ?AAINO?, a yeiio c?a?ai? eiiieaeni?
a?aeiiino? i?i 100 oen. I?ia?aeieo i?aei?e?inoa an?o oi?i aeaniino?
e?a?i NIAe i ?ACA?A, yeee i?noeoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i 367 oen.
oe?a?inueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Ia aeaiee /an iineoae oaeaeiioiieaoeie ia aiaeia?athoue aaeeei?
?iei a iioi?iaoeieiiio caaacia/aiii iiaei?eainoa aianeiaeie
aiaenooiinoi iiaiioeiiieo iioi?iaoeieieo i?iaeoeoia; iacaaeiaieueii?
yeinoi aio/eciyieo oaeaoiiieo ia?aae; aeniei? aa?oinoi iaiaoiaeieo
oaoii/ieo caniaia; iacia/iiai ianyao iineoa; iaaeinoaoiuei? i?iioneii?
caeaoiinoi oa iaaeieiinoi ca’yceo. I?ioean ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
oaeaeiioiieaoeieieo oaoiieiaie a Oe?a?ii oi?iiceoueny aea?aeaaiith
iieioeeith, yea ia noai?tha ia?aaeoiia aei caieueoaiiy iiaanoeoeie a
iaoeiiiaeueiee iioi?iaoeieiee ?eiie.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iieooaaiiy i?aei?e?ioe?a, i?iaaaeaiiai Ee?anueeei
iaoeiaei oiaa?enoaii ?i. Iao?a Iiaeee, c’ynoaaeiny, ui an? aiie a nai?e
ae?yeueiino? aeei?enoiaothoue ae?eiao ia??iaeeeo, ae?oeiaaieie
aeia?aeieeaie ei?enoothoueny 84%, aaieaie aeaieo – 20% ? iineoaaie
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?e 4%.

?eiie iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a noa?i ia?eaoeiao oaieoia a noaaeith
no?oeoo?ecaoei?, ui ciaoiaeeoue ae?ac o iinooiiaiio aecia/aiii
niaoeiaeicaoei? oi?i. Aaaaoi eiiiaiie i?aoeththoue a ?icieo iai?yieao,
aea oea iiaea aooe aei?aaaeaiei, a?aoiaoth/e iniaeeainoi oe?a?inueeiai
?eieo, iaioaeioao iaoei? i ia?iiae noaiiaeaiiy ?eieo, eiee iiaei?eainoaa
ooeathoue naith iioo. Eiaee?oth/i iiceoei? caeiathoue oi?ie «Socis
Gallup Ukraine», «UMG», «Oeaio? ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue»,
«Oi?ioea», «E?ie-Ia?eaoeia Oeaio?» e ii. A 1997 ?. a Oe?a?i?
iaei/oaaeinue aaeecueei 120 ia?eaoeiaiaeo eiiiaiie, oi/a aieueoinoue c
ieo oieueee aeaeea?oaaee i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue.

Iiaeia aeaeieeoe oaei iniiaii iai?yie ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue:
aeineiaeaeaiiy niiaeea/eo oiaa?ia; ?eieia oiaa?ia i?iieneiaiai
i?ecia/aiiy; aeineiaeaeaiiy c iaoith iiooeo aeieiaeo ia?oia?ia oa
nioeiieiai/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy. Oaeaeeeie oaiiaie ?icaeaaaoueny iaaeaiiy
oaei? iineoae ye ia?aai?ea iaaeieiinoi ia?oia?ia, niaoeeoiea yei? a
Oe?a?ii iieyaa? a iaiaoiaeiinoi noai?aiiy aeainoi?iiiuei? nenoaie i
aiaeiiaiaeii? iio?ano?oeoo?e. Iniiaieie i?iaeaiaie i?e ?? caeieniaiii ?
?icina?aaeaeaiinoue i aaaeeiaeinooiiinoue iioi?iaoei?; iaaaaeaiiy
ainiiaea?nueeeo iiaei?e?inoa iaaeaaaoe a ioioeieii i?aaie iiaio
iioi?iaoeith i?i naith aeiyeueiinoue; iaaia aiaeiiniinoue iioi?iaoei?
i?i eiie?aoia iiaei?e?inoai. Aio/eciyii ia?eaoeiaiai oi?ie, a iniiaiiio,
i?iaioothoueny ia iiicaiieo caiiaieeia. Oea iiynithaoueny oei, ui
ieaoini?iiiaeiinoue iiicaiieo oi?i cia/ii aeua, iiae aio/eciyieo; aeey
ia?aceaeaioia aeaiaeiioa ei?enooaaoeny iineoaaie oe?a?inueeeo
iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?eainoa, iiae naiinoieii aea/aoe oe?a?inueeee
?eiie. E?ii oiai, aieueoinoue aio/eciyieo iiaei?eainoa ua ia a iiaiie
ii?i onaiaeiieee aaaeeeainoue aeeaieiai aea/aiiy ?eieia.

Oi?ie, ui iaaeathoue eiinaeoeiaiai iineoae iiaeieythoue ia
eaaceeiinoeueoaoeieii, ae?iaii, na?aaeii i aaeeei. Noaiii ia 1997 ?. a
Oe?a?i? iaei/oaaeinue 146 iiaei?e?inoa, yei caeiaeenue eiinaeoeiaii.
Aio/eciyii (iai?., A?aae EOAe, Eiinaeoeia EOAe) e ca?oaiaeii (iai?.,
oiei? Baker & McKenzie, Booz-Allen & Hamilton, i?aaenoaaieoeoaa Coopers
& Lybrand, Price Waterhouse oa ii.) eiinaeoeiaiai oi?ie iaaeathoue
oe?ieee niaeo? iineoa — aiae eiinoeueoaoeie ii iiiaeaoeiaoaaiith,
ciaiioiueiaeiiiii/iie aeiyeueiinoi, iaiaaeaeiaioo ia?niiaeo aei
aician-ieaioaaiiy. A?ae?eoiaoe a?ae na?oiai? i?aeoeee oe?a?inueeee
eiinaeoeia caeaa?eueoiai ia ia? /?oeiai iiae?eo ia aeaee iineoa:
o?iaine, ?iaanoeoe??, iaiaaeaeiaio oiui. Cacia/eii, ui a aeaiee /an
eiinaeoeia a iniiaiiio ni?yiiaaiee ia iinoi?eaaoecaoeieio iiaeo?eieo
iiaei?e?inoa. Aeey oe?a?inueeeo i?aei?e?inoa iae/ano?oa oa?aeoa?i?
caiiaeaiiy ii ieoaiiyi aeoiaeo c e?eciaeo neooaoe?e, a na?aae
caei?aeiiieo ee??io?a eiinaeoeiaiaeo o??i iiioey?i?noth ei?enoothoueny
eiinoeueoaoe?? c i?eaiaeo th?eaee/ii? aenia?oece eiio?aeo?a. Ca?oaiaeii
oi?ie iathoue cia/iee aeinaiae, aenieo eoeueoo?o iaaeaiiy eiinaeoeiaiaeo
iineoa i ei?enoothoueny aieueoith aeiai?ith eei?ioia, a aio/eciyii
eiinoeueoaioe e?aua ?icoiithoue niaoeeoieo oe?a?inueeiai ?eieo i
iaaeathoue iineoae ii aieueo aeinooiiei oeiiai.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy naiae/aoue i?i aeeoa?aioeiaoeith iieaoe
III. Eiinoeueoaoe?ei?, oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? oa ?i. Iineoae eaeueeoeththoue
ia iniia? i?eeiyoi? ia ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?aei?e?inoaao iiaiaeeiii? iieaoe
c a?aooaaiiyi ii?i i?eaooeo, iiaeaoeo /e aeiaia??ii? oe?ie. ?icoe?iee ia
iineoae ia?eaoeiaiaeo o??i ?ic?aoiaothoue i?ae eiaeia caiiaeaiiy c
a?aooaaiiyi eiai neeaaeiino?, oa?i?iiaino? ? cao?ao ia aeeiiaiiy. Ia
oeiie aieeaathoue ia oieueee niaiaa?oinoue iineoa, aeinooiiinoue ia
?eieo /e eaoaai?iy niiaeeaa/a, aea e oi?ia aeaniinoi i iaoiaee
oiiainoaaiiy ?o aeiyeueiinoi.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy oeyoia aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoaiicio oi?ioaaiiy
ia?aaei iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa a aeena?oaoei? ?icaeyiooi oaeoi?e
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, yei aieeaathoue ia ?o aeiyeueiinoue. Aei
oaeoi?ia aioo?ioiueiai na?aaeiaeua aiaeianaii oiiainiai iiaeeeainoi;
eiiia?aoeith; no?oeoo?o eaae?ia; caoo; ae?iaieoeoai III; a oaeiae oaei
niaoeeoi/ii oaeoi?e ye aiaeoai?aiiy i eiiithaaiiy iioi?iaoei?,
aeooaeueiinoue, iaiaoiaeiinoue iiyniaiiy oa oaeaeeinoue ia?aaea/i
iioi?iaoei?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aei iniiaieo oaeoi?ia ciaiioiueiai
na?aaeiaeua aiaeiinyoueny iieioeei-i?aaiaee, oaoiieiai/iee, aeiiiii/iee,
nioeiaeueiee, a oaeiae niiaeeaa/i, eiieo?aioe, iina?aaeieee oa aeaea?aea
iioi?iaoei?.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe «Iai?yiee ?icaeoeo
?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a Oe?a?ii» aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioeith
?icaeoeo ia?aaei iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa oa iaa?oioiaaii oeyoe
noai?aiiy iioi?iaoeieii? iio?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo.

Aeena?oaioii aiaeia?aaeaii ?icii iiaeoiaee aei ?icaeyaeo
iio?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa oa aeyaeaii, ui aei ia?
i?aae’yaeythoueny oaei aeiiae: caaacia/aiiy ?aeiinoi i aca?iica’yceo
anio aeaiaioia ?eieo; iiaeeeainoue aacia?aoeiaeiiai oa iia?aoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo iioi?iaoeieieo ?ano?nia; inioaaiiy eiieo?oth/eo
eaiie.

Ii?iaeueia ooieoeiiioaaiiy ?eieo iio?aao? i?aaiicaoei?
?icaaeoaeaii? ia?aaei iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
ainiiaea?nueeeo iiaei?e?inoa iaiaoiaeiith iioi?iaoei?th. Ineieueee a
aeaiee /an iaaeinoaoiuei iiooaeiinoae aeey caaacia/aiiy iioaioeieieo
iio?aa niiaeeaa/ia iioi?iaoei?, oi iiaoaeiaaia aeiiiiiei-iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue i?aaiicaoei? iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa, yea aeiaiaeeoue
iaiaoiaeiinoue noai?aiiy iiaeo iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa. Oeieueiaa
ooieoeiy — oea iiiiioi noia?ieo aeo?ao ia aeeiiaiiy iineoa

I J K

tijx xijk min

i=1 j=1 k=1

Iaiaaeaiiy:

1) ii iiaeeeainoyo iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa

J

xijk Aijk,
i=1, m+s, k=1, K

j=1

2) ii iio?aaao niiaeeaa/ia

xijk Bk k=1, K

3) ii iaaiae’?iiinoi ciiiieo

xijk 0 i=1, I; j=1, J; k=1, K,

aea

i — iiaeaen iioi?iaoeieiiai iiaei?e?inoaa (i=1, I);

I — e?euee?noue ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?aei?e?inoa;

j — iiaeaen iiaei?e?inoaa-niiaeeaa/a (j=1, J);

J — eieueeinoue iiaei?e?inoa niiaeeaa/ia;

k — iiaeaen aeaeo iioi?iaoeieii? iineoae (k=1, K);

K — iiaeeeaa eieueeinoue iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa;

tijk — aa?oinoue aeeiiaiiy iaeii?? iineoae k-ai aeaeo i-ei

iioi?iaoeieiei iiaei?e?inoaii aeey j-ai niiaeeaa/a;

Aik- iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee ianya aeeiiaiiy k-ai aeaeo iin-

eoae i-i iioi?iaoeieiei iiaei?e?inoaii;

Bjk — i?iaiiciaaia iio?aaa niiaeeaa/ia o k-io aeaei iineoae;

Xijk- ianya aeeiiaiiy k-ai aeaeo iineoae i-i iioi?-

iaoeieiei iiaei?e?inoaii aeey j-ai niiaeeaa/a.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeeainoth ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa a Oe?a?ii ? oa, ui
iioi?iaoeieii iiaei?e?inoaa oi?iothoueny oeyoii ooai?aiiy iaeeo
iiaei?e?inoa. Aeei?enoiaoth/e a?aoi/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
aea?aaa oeieae a ?iaioi anoaiiaeaii, ui iioeiaeueiith aeueoa?iaoeaith
aoaea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo aeaeia iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa. Aeena?oaio
i?iiiio? no?oeoo?o iiaei?e?inoa iioi?iaoeieiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy a
Oe?a?ii, yea aeeth/a? iiaei?e?inoaa-ae?iaieee (ae?iaieee aaie?a ? aac
aeaieo, iacaeaaei? aeine?aeieoeuee? aaaionoaa, ?inoeoooe aeine?aeaeaiue
?eieo, iaoeia? ?inoeoooe, ia?eaoeiaia? o??ie), iina?aaeieeia (a?iea?e,
iaeea?e, ?ioi?iaoe?ei? aaaionoaa, i?aei?e?inoaa, ui iaaeathoue
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? iineoae) oa iiaei?e?inoaa, ui iaaeathoue
iioi?iaoeieii iineoae (ath?i ae??cie c cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??,
aae?ani? ath?i, eiinaeoeiaia? o??ie, aeia?aeeia? ath?i,
oi?aiai-i?iieneia? iaeaoe).

A?aoiaoth/e neooaoeith a e?a?ii oa iiaeia?iaeio i?aeoeeo uiaei
?icaeoeo ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa iieacaia iaiao?aei?noue ia?aoiaeo
aei nenoaie aea?aeaaii? eii?aeeiaoei? oa ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo, ai
iiaeo?eiea c aieo aea?aeaae noeioeth? i ?aaoeth? eiai ?icaeoie.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa
aeaei iiaeeeainoue noi?ioethaaoe eiioeaioeith eiai ?icaeoeo, yea
neeaaea?oueny c ianooiieo aeieia:

? aecia/aiiy oeieae ?icaeoeo ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa aei yeeo
aiaeiinyoue ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo aiaeiinei a Oe?a?ii; no?oeoo?ia
ia?ai?i?ioaoeiy ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa; iia?aoeaia iane/aiiy ?eieo
iioi?iaoeieieie i?iaeoeoaie i iineoaaie; ?icaeoie eiieo?aioei?;
noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo iinoeue;

? iniiaii i?eioeeie ?icaeoeo: nenoaiiinoue oa eiiieaeniinoue aea?aeaaieo
i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa; aeioeieueiinoue i /ioea
ni?yiiaaiinoue iiaeo?eiee iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa; ?o ?iaiii?aaiee
aeinooi aei iaoa?iaeueieo, oiiainiaeo, o?oaeiaeo oa iioi?iaoeieieo
?ano?nia;

? i?ii?eoaoii iai?yie aea?aeaaii? aeiiiiiae aeeth/athoue oi?ioaaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace; aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? oa
oiiainiai-e?aaeeoii? iieioeee; nai?/ania caaacia/aiiy aeinoiai?iith
?ioi?iaoei?th; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo oaoiieiaie;

? caeieniaiiy caoiaeia uiaei ?icaeoeo ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa.

 ?aaoethaaiiy oiiainiaeo iioieia, ni?yiiaaia ia iieaaoaiiy aeinooio
iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa aei aeaea?ae oiiainiaeo caniaia,
oeieani?yiiaaia noaneaeithaaiiy c athaeaeaoo ca ?aooiie caeieniaiiy
i?ia?ai iaaeaiiy iieueaiaeo iicee, caeo/aiiy i?eaaoiiai eaiioaeo;

 caeieniaiiy oeieueiaiai e?aaeeooaaiiy ii iiiiiaeueiei noaaeai,
canoinoaaiiy eiai iiaanoeoeieiiai iioaioeiaeo aaieia, iiicaiieo oa
aio/eciyieo e?aaeeoi?ia; iaeaieueo i?ia?aneaieo oi?i;

 aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo aaie?a, ?iicaiieo oa
a?o/eciyieo e?aaeeoi??a;

 oi?ioaaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioeiaeo;

 canoinoaaiiy aioeiiiiiieueieo caoiaeia, oiio ui aiaenooiinoue
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aca?iiaiaeiinei ia ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa
ni?ey? eiai iiiiiieicaoei? c aieo ca?oaiaeieo oi?i.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

A?AeIA?AAEAI? A IOAE?EAOe?ssO:

1. I?aaeee A.A. I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy iio?ano?oeoo?e iioi?iaoeieiiai
aiciano // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee a Oe?a?ii: oai?aoe/ii oa
i?aeoe/ii i?iaeaie iiaeieaiiy e?ece. – Aiiieoey. — 1994. – N. 35-36.

2. I?aaeee A.A. Iioi?iaoeieia caaacia/aiiy iiaeia?iaeieo
aeiiiii/ieo aiaeiinei // Oe?a?ia — ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: I?iaeaie
ciaiioiueiaeiiiii/ii? aeiyeueiinoi oa ia?niaeoeae niia?iaioieoeoaa. —
E.: EAeOAO. — 1995. — N. 178-179.

3. I?aaeee A.A. Iioaa?aoeiy Oe?a?ie a iioi?iaoeieiee ?eiie
?a?iiaenueeiai Niiaoiaa?enoaa // I?iaeaie aeiiiii/ii? iioaa?aoei?
Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: oai?iy i no?aoaaiy. I. ?N — O’96.-
sseoa-Oi?in, Oe?a?ia. — 1996. — N. 195.

4. Predyk G. Ukraine’s integration in the information market of the
European Union // The problems of economic integration of Ukraine
into the European Union: Theory and Strategy. I. EC-U’96. —
Yalta-Foros, Ukraine. — 1996. — P. 186.

5. I?aaeee A.A. I?iaeaie iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/aiiy iiaei?e?inoa //
Ia?eaoeia a nenoaii oi?aaeiiiy iiaei?e?inoaii. — E.: EAeAO. — 1996. —
N. 125.

6. I?aaeee A.A. Iaoaiici oi?ioaaiiy iioi?iaoeieiiai ?eieo a Oe?a?ii //
Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue: Oi?ioaaiiy aeiiiii/ieo aiaeiinei a oiiaao ?eieo.
Aeione 1. – Oa?iiiieue: OAIA, ?IA, 1997. — N. 215-216.

7. I?aaeee A.A. Iioi?iaoeieii iiaei?e?inoaa: aeaee i oiiae aeiyeueiinoi.
— Oa?iiiieue: OAIA, Aeiiiii/ia aeoiea, 1998. -26 n.

8. I?aaeee A.A. ?eiie iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa. — Aeiiaoeuee: IAI IAI
Oe?a?ie, 1998. -32 n.

AIIOAOeIss

I?aaeee A.A. Oi?ioaaiiy ia?aaei iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa a
Oe?a?ii. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aeiiiii/ieo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 08.06.01 — aeiiiiiea iiaei?e?inoa i
i?aaiicaoeiy ae?iaieoeoaa. — Oa?iiiieuenueea aeaaeaiiy ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, Oa?iiiieue, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai oi?ioaaiiy ia?aaei
iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa a Oe?a?ii. Aia?oa aeei?enoaii ?iaioe
iiicaiieo a/aieo c ieoaiue iioi?iaoei? ye aeiiiii/ii? eaoaai?i? oa
aeiyeueiinoi iioi?iaoeieieo iiaei?e?inoa. Aeayoueny aiaeic ?icaeoeo
aio/eciyiiai ?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa. Aecia/aii i?aaiicaoeieio
no?oeoo?o iioi?iaoeieiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Iaa?oioiaaii ?ieue
aea?aeaae, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace, iiaeaoeiai?, oiiainiai-e?aaeeoii?
oa iiaanoeoeieii? iieioeee o oi?ioaaiii iioeiaeueii? iio?ano?oeoo?e
?eieo iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa.

Eeth/iai neiaa: iioi?iaoeiy, iioi?iaoeieiee iiieo, iioi?iaoeieii
iiaei?e?inoaa, ?eiie iioi?iaoeieieo iineoa, iioi?iaoeieii i?iaeoeoe i
iineoae, ia?eaoeiaiai oi?ie, eiinaeoeiaiai oi?ie, iioi?iaoeieia
iio?ano?oeoo?a.

AIIIOAOeEss

I?aaeue A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea naoe eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee a
Oe?aeia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoee
e i?aaiecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaa. — Oa?iiiieueneay aeaaeaiey ia?iaeiiai
oicyenoaa, Oa?iiiieue, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai oi?ie?iaaiey naoe
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee a Oe?aeia. Aia?aua eniieueciaaii ?aaiou
ca?oaaaeiuo o/aiuo ii aii?inai eioi?iaoeee eae yeiiiie/aneie eaoaai?ee
e aeayoaeueiinoe eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Aieueoia aieiaiea
oaeaeaii ?ane?uoeth nouiinoe eioi?iaoeee eae oiaa?a, ii?aaeaeaii
iniiaiua e?eoa?ee a? ea/anoaa e aaaeiaeoea aeaeu eioi?iaoeee, eioi?ua
iieuecothony ni?inii i?aaei?eyoee.

Enneaaeiaaii eioi?iaoeeiiiue ni?in, aicieeathuee a i?ioeanna i?eiyoey
oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee, ii?aaeaeaii i?e/eiu aai iiyaeaiey e iniiaiua
aeaeu, aeaii eeanneoeeaoeeth eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iio?aaiinoae. Iainiiaaii
?ino iio?aaiinoae ioiineoaeueii eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?iaeoeoia e oneoa a
oneiaeyo noaiiaeaiey ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee a Oe?aeia. Onoaiiaeaii iniiaiuo
iio?aaeoaeae eioi?iaoeee.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aii ?acee/iua iiaeoiaeu e ii?aaeaeaieth e
eeanneoeeaoeee i?aaei?eyoee, eioi?ua aeaenoaotho ia ?uiea
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa, ?ane?uoi niaoeeoeeo eo aeayoaeueiinoe.
I?aaeeiaeaii eeanneoeeaoeeth eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee aeey no?ai n
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieeie ca oa??eoi?eaeueiui i?eioeeiii.

Ia iniiaaiee nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea ?ac?aaioaii no?oeoo?ioth iiaeaeue
?uiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa, a eioi?ie ioia?aaeaii aai iniiaiua
eiiiiiaiou e acaeiinayce.

Onoaiiaeaii i?e/eiu, eioi?ua niaeaenoaiaaee aicieeiiaaieth ?uiea
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa a Oe?aeia. Aaoi? auaeaeyao aai iniiaiua noauaeou e
?ani?aaeaeyao eo ii niioaaonoaothuei naeoi?ai, aiaeece?oao aeaeu
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa, eioi?ua eie i?aaeeaaathony.

Aeenna?oaioii enneaaeiaaii oaeoi?u aioo?aiiae e aiaoiae n?aaeu, eioi?ua
aeeytho ia aeayoaeueiinoue eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Iaiauaiu ?acee/iua iiaeoiaeu e ?anniio?aieth eio?ano?oeoo?u ?uiea
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa. I?aaeeiaeaii yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneoth iiaeaeue
i?aaiecaoeee eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, eioi?ay aeieacuaaao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue nicaeaiey iiauo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Iooai
a?aoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey n iiiiuueth aea?aaa oeaeae onoaiiaeaii, /oi
iioeiaeueiie aeueoa?iaoeaie yaeyaony aiaae?aiea iiauo aeaeia
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeaia no?oeoo?a i?aaei?eyoee eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
ianeoaeeaaiey a Oe?aeia, a oaeaea noi?ioee?iaaia eiioeaioeey ?acaeoey
?uiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa, a?aoiaioe?iaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ia?aoiaea e
nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiiai eii?aeeie?iaaiey e ?aaoee?iaaiey yoiai aeaea
?uiea, ii?aaeaeaiu i?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie iiiiue
?acaeoey ?uiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa. ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu
oi?ie?iaaiey ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaie aacu, iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, e?aaeeoiaaiey,
eiaanoe?iaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, a oaeaea i?eiaiaiey
aioeiiiiiieueiuo ia? e oi?ie?iaaiey o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioi?iaoeey, eioi?iaoeeiiiue ni?in,
eioi?iaoeeiiiua i?aaei?eyoey, ?uiie eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa,
eioi?iaoeeiiiua i?iaeoeou e oneoae, ia?eaoeiaiaua oe?iu, eiinaeoeiaiaua
oe?iu, eioi?iaoeeiiiay eio?ano?oeoo?a.

ANNOTATION

Predyk G.A. Development of the net of informational enterprises
in Ukraine.

Dissertation for competition for a degree of candidate of economic
sciences on specialization 08.06.01. — Enterprise economy and
production organisation. — Ternopil Academy of National economy,
Ternopil, 1998.

Dissertation is dedicated to the problems of development of the
net of informational enterprises in Ukraine. For the first time, the
works of foreign scientists are used on such questions as economic
category of information and activities of the information firms. The
author gives an analysis to the development of domestic market of the
informational services. The organisational structure of informational
services is being identified. The role of state,legal system, taxation,
finance, credit and investment policies in the forming the optimal
infrastructure of informational services market is grounded.

Key words: information, demand of the information, informa tional
services, market of the informational services, information products and
services, marketing firms, consulting firms, information infrastructure.

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