.

Формально-семантичні особливості композитів VN-структури у сучасній італійській мові: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / Д.В. Харчіладзе, Київ. ун-т

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 3365
Скачать документ

16

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

OA?*?EAAeCA AeA??ss AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 805.0-3

OI?IAEUeII-NAIAIOE*I? INIAEEAINO? EIIIICEO?A VN-NO?OEOO?E O NO*ANI?E
?OAE?ENUeE?E IIA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.05 – ?iiainuee? iiae

AAOI?AOA?AO

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa eeane/ii?
o?eieia?? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?e?o?ia
Oaii?eea Ieaen??aia, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa eeane/ii? o?eieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiae??aa Ia??y
Iaenei?aia,

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
o?aioeocueei? o?eieia??.

Eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AEaeae Aaneeue sseiae/, aeioeaio
Oeaio?o iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeeeaaeaiiy ?iicaiieo iia IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “27” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 12.00 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.11 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i.Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 14, aoae.55).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58,
e.10).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “22” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?aaee ae.o?eie.i, aeioeaio A.Ae.A?eiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Eiiiiceoe ye iniaeeaee oei e?iaa?noe/iiai ciaea i?aaenoaaeai? o
eaene/ieo nenoaiao oeiieia?/ii ??cieo iia, ui ? aeyaii ae?? caeiio
naiaioe/ii? eiii?an?? neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue. Oea aeicaiey? ?icaeyaeaoe
?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy ye iaeio c iiaieo oi?aa?nae?e, ui a?aecia/a?oueny
a /eneaiieo i?aoeyo c aea?eaaoieia?? oa iiiianoeee.

E?iaa?noe/i? o?aaeeoe?? iieno neeaaeieo ne?a aoei caeeaaeaii ua
a?aiaoeeith Iai?i?, a ye?e i?aaenoaaeaia ia?oa eeaneo?eaoe?y eiiiiceo?a
o naine?eo?, ui iineoaeeea iniiaith aea?eaaoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
??cieo iia ? aein? ia ao?aoeea nai?? aeooaeueiino?. Eiiiiceoia eaeneea
aoea i?aaeiaoii ? ia?eoii oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue o
caaaeuei?e ? /anoeia?e e?iaa?noeoe?. Oey ae?eyiea neiaioai?aiiy oa
iiiianoeee ?icaoaeiaoaaeany i?aoeyie a?aeiieo e?iaa?no?a – sseia? A.,
Eaiaiia A., I?eueei??i? A., A?eaoeueeiai A.I., Iaoey A., Aaiaai?noa A.,
Ia?/aiaea A., Aea?aeaii I., Iiia E., I?ao? A., ?aioe? E., Oaeaa/e/a I.,
Aeieoe?ea I., A?oothiiai? I.Ae., I?e?o?ii? O. I., Eoa?yeiai? I.N.,
Eiaaeeea ?. ?., Eeeiaiei I. O. oa ?i.

O ??ci? ia??iaee ?icaeoeo e?iaa?noeee neiaioai?aiiy ?icaeyaeaeiny o
oieon? aeooaeueieo ?aeae: ye iaeia c iiaieo oi?aa?nae?e; ye oeiieia?/ia
yaeua iia, cie?aia ?iiainueeeo; ye ??ciiaeae iii?iaoeaii? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeeie; ye aeya ineo?/ii? oa eiai?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie; ye
o?aaiaio ii?iaeaeoth/i? a?aiaoeee; ye eaene/ia ii?oieia?y; ye o?aaiaio
eaene/ii? nenoaie ie?aieo iia (a ae?ao?ii?? oa neio?ii??).

Ieoaiiy iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a caaaeaee noiyei ia?aeaeueii c
ae??oaiiyi eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue ?o iieno – naiaioe/ieo, no?oeoo?ieo,
ineoie?iaa?noe/ieo oiui.

No/ania aea?eaaoieia?y yaey? niaith ?icaoaeiaaio aaaaoianiaeoio oai??th
iieno iioeaiaaii? eaeneee, a oiio /ene? e eiiiiceoii?, aieiae?? oe?ieei
a?naiaeii iaoiaee/ieo i?eeii?a ?? aiae?co. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui
neiaioa?? ye ie?aia e?iaa?noe/ia oai??y noi?ioaaany ii??aiyii iaaeaaii
(30-40 ?.?. OO no.), ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ? a caaaeuei?e oai???, ? a
aea?eaaoieia?? ie?aieo iia ? a?oi iia ?nio? /eiaei ia ae??oaieo ? ia
aeine?aeaeaieo i?iaeai. Aiie aeieeathoue iinooiiai – ye ?acoeueoao
eiioeaiooaeueiiai, aniaeoiiai ?icaeoeo oai??? neiaioai?o; i?ae aieeaii
caeiaooe?a o noi?aeieo oai??yo – neioaenen?, ii?oieia??, ii?oiiieia??;
ye eiiieaen aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue, coiiaeaieo iiaeie iaoiaeaie
aiae?co iiaiiai iaoa??aeo.

No/ani? iaoeia? ia?aaeeaie, cie?aia ii?iaeaeoth/a a?aiaoeea,
?icaeaathoue e?iaa?noe/io oai??th ia nenoaiii-no?oeoo?ieo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaaeao, ca?aeii c yeeie iiaa ?icoi??oueny ye iaoai?ci,
ui caaacia/o? nai?ie caniaaie iino?ei? ca’ycee ? ia?aoiaee i?ae ieaiii
ci?noo ? ieaiii ae?aaeaiiy.

Iien iiaieo iaeeieoeue /a?ac i?aaeea ?o ii?iaeaeaiiy aeicaiey?
ia?eoeaoaaoe aeeaeii? naiaioe/i? ?ene iaeeieoeue, ia?aeoe ia ye?nii iia?
i?eioeeie e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co, ci?ieoe o?aaeeoe?eiee iiaeyae ia
eaeneeo ye ei?ion ia?aaoey?iiai, iiaeieaoe aioeiii?th a?aiaoeea /
eaeneea, iia’ycaoe iien eaeneee c ?aeayie eiino?othaaiiy iaeeieoeue, ui
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?icoi?iiyi iiae ye ae?th/i? nenoaie.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoa eiiieaen i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c
aaiacenii, no?oeoo?ii-oeiieia?/iith niaoeeo?eith oa iiiian?ieia?/iith
aaiethoe??th iiaeaeae neiaioai?o eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e a no/ani?e
?oae?enuee?e iia?. ?iiainuee? iiae a oeueiio ieai? ? oe?eaaei oaiiiaiii
aeey aea?eaaoieia?a, ine?eueee ?o aaiaca c eaoei?, no?oeoo?ia
ia?aaoaeiaa ii?oieia?? ?iai? oa ao?eaooeaieo neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e
aeicaieythoue a?oioiaii aeine?aeeoe no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? i?ioeane
neiaioai?o ia iaoa??ae? nii??aeiaieo neiaiee?a.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee eiiiiceoe-VN, ?o neioaene/i? oa??i? aace,
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iii?iae?caoe??, iiiian?ieia?/i? no?oeoo?e, naiaioe/i?,
oi?iaeuei? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?o iniaeeaino? a ?oae?enuee?e iia?.

A aniaeo? cacia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee oa i?eioeei?a iieno aeeaeiii?
no?oeoo?e e?iaa?noe/ieo iaeeieoeue aoei cae?eniaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
?oae?enueeeo eiiiiceo?a, iioeaiaaieo neioaene/iith no?oeoo?ith V+N, ui
coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – noai?aiiy
eiiieaeniiai iieno oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo oa iiiian?ieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e o no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e iia?. O
ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) ?icaeyiooe aaiaco ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy ?oae?enueei? iiae a
eiioaeno? ?ioeo ?iiainueeeo iia;

2) ?icaeyiooe iiai? oaeoi?e, ye? coiiaeee aaiethoe?th nenoaie ?iaiiiai
neiaineeaaeaiiy a ?iiainueeeo iiaao;

3) aecia/eoe a oe?eiio nenoaio eiiiiceo?a ?oae?enueei? iiae, anoaiiaeoe
i?noea eiiiiceo?a-VN a ?? no?oeoo??;

4) aecia/eoe oei ? no?oeoo?o aaeaeaaoiiai neiaioa??iiai i?aaeea aeey
iieno ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a-VN;

5) aeine?aeeoe iiiian?ieia?/i? oa e?iaa?noe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ae??ne?aiiai oa ?iaiiiai eiiiiiaioa eiiiiceo?a-VN aiaei- oa
aecioeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?e;

6) iienaoe i?aaeeeaoe, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ooai?aiiy
eiiiiceo?a-VN aiaei- oa aecioeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?e;

7) aecia/eoe iiiian?ieia?/i? oeie eiiiiceo?a- VN o no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e
iia?;

8) aeine?aeeoe ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa neiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy eiiiiceo?a-VN
a eaene/i?e nenoai? no/anii? ?oae?enueei? iiae.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaeea caaaeueiee ei?ion eiiiiceo?a
VN-no?oeoo?e, a?ae?a?aieo ?c neiaiee?a N. Aaoaeuey Grande dizionario
della lingua italiana (1961), Lo Zingarelli Vocabolario della lingua
italiana (1996), O. Iaeaoeoe?, Aeae. Oieaia Dizionario della lingua
italiana (1992), yeee iae?/oaaa 1544 iaeeieoe?, noai?ai? ia iniia? 72
ae??ne?aieo aac. C iaoith iioei?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaaaeaiiy ia
eeoa no?oeoo?ieo, a e e?euee?nieo caeiiii??iinoae eiiiiceo?a iaoa??ae
aoa i?aai?ciaaiee o oaeee niin?a. C oeeo aac aoei a?ae?a?aii 20
iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaieo, e?euee?noue eiiiiceo?a c yeeie noaiiaeoue 20 ?
a?eueoa. A?ae?a?ai? 20 ae??ne?aieo aac aeathoue 1047 eiiiiceo?a, ui
noaiiaeoue 66 % a?ae caaaeueiiai ei?iono.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Noi?ioeueiaaiee o aeena?oaoe??
eiiieaen caaaeaiue, ni?yiiaaiee ia ??ciianiaeoia aeine?aeaeaiiy ei?iono
eiiiiceo?a- VN, canoiniaoaai? aeey ?o ae??oaiiy iaoiaee oa aiae?oe/i?
i?ioeaaeo?e na?ae/aoue i?i iaoeiao iiaecio ?iaioe.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeth?oueny
i???ioaoe??th ia iia? iaoeia? ia?aaeeaie e?iaa?noeee, cie?aia ia
o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? a?aiaoeee, ye? ua o?eueee ii/eiathoue canoiniaoaaoeny
aeey iieno neiaioa??iiai iaoai?cio iia. Oia?oa i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaee naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?eaoe?y ae??ne?a oa ?iaiiee?a, aeei?enoiaoaaieo
o oa??i?e aac? eiiiiceo?a, a oaeiae oei?caoe?y i?aaeeeao?a, oa?aeoa?ieo
aeey oeeo iaeeieoeue a ?oae?enuee?e iia?. Cae?eniaiee iien eiiiiceo?a o
oa?i?iao iiiian?ieia?? ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iaa?no?aeueieie oai?aoe/ieie
caaaeaiiyie a oea?ei? neiaineeaaeaiiy. ??ciianiaeoi? eeaneo?eaoe??
eiiiiceo?a-VN aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, yeiai oeio eaeneea aaiaeeoueny a
?oae?enueeee neiaiee ia iniia? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iii?iae?caoe??, yeeie
ooieoe?iiaeueieie ? naiaioe/ieie iniaeeainoyie aiia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny,
yeeo ci?i caciaea a i?ioean? aaiethoe?? ?oae?enueei? iiae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaycaia c i?eeeaaeieie caaaeaiiyie
nenoaiaoecaoe?? eaene/iiai oiiaeo, aeey aeeiiaiiy yeeo aeine?aeaeaii
??ciiiai?oi? ia?aiao?e eiiiiceo?a-VN – iiiian?ieia?/i?, no?oeoo?i?,
naiaioe/i?, ooieoe?iiaeuei?. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaeiae o aeeaeaeoe/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

I?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a-VN a ?oae?enuee?e iia?
aeicaiey? aeianoe ia caoeno oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1. ?iaii? eiiiiceoe a ?iiainueeeo iiaao ? caeiiii??iei ?acoeueoaoii
aaiethoe?? nenoaie neiaioai?o eaoeinueei? iiae.

2. ?oae?enuee? eiiiiceoe aeaiiino?othoue ?iiainuee? oi?aa?nae??: a)
oaiaeaioe?th aei iii?iae?caoe??; a) neiaiii?yaeie o aeo?aei?e
neioaene/i?e aac?; a) i?aaeea ioi?ieaiiy ?iai?.

3. Neeaaei? neiaa iathoue naith ii?oieia?th, yea ? noeoii?noth
neiaioa??ieo i?aaee aeaaaeaiiy iae?i?eieo no?oeoo?. Iien i?ioeano
ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a /a?ac i?aaeei aaaea aei a?aee?eooy aeeaeiii?
no?oeoo?e neiaa, a oaeiae aei a?aee?eooy eaene/ii? ii?oieia??.

4. Neiaioa??ia i?aaeei ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceoieo iii?iaoe?e aeeth/a?
iiiian?ieia?/iee ? e?iaa?noe/iee iiaeoe?, na?aae yeeo i??i?eoaoiei ?
iiiian?ieia?/iee.

5. Oi?aa?aaoe?y oa??ii? neioaene/ii? aace a?aeaoaa?oueny ia iniia?
iiiian?ieia?/iiai caieoo oa i?aaee aeaaaeaiiy iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e
eiiiiceoa-VN, a ye?e ?ieue iiiian?ieia?/iiai aaceno aeeiio? ae??neiai
(V), iiiian?ieia?/ii? iciaee – ?iaiiee (N), oeiiaei i?aaeeeaoii ?
i?aaeeeao-aeane?eioe?y.

6. Iii?iaoeai? i?ioeane aecia/athoueny aioo??oiueith oi?iith eiiiiceoa,
yea ia? ??ciee oa?aeoa? oiioeaiaaiino? aeo?aeiith neioaene/iith aacith,
ui iicia/a?oueny ia naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? iaeeieoeue, i?aai?ciaaieo ye
aiaeioeaio?e/i? aai aecioeaio?e/i? eiino?oeoe??.

7. Ia?aeaeueii c oeiieia?/ieie ?iiainueeeie ?enaie – neiaiii?yaeeii
eiiiiiaio?a o aeo?aei?e aac? ? eiiiiceo?, i?aaeeaie ioi?ieaiiy ?iai? –
?oae?enuee? eiiiiceoe-VN aeaiiino?othoue naiaioe/io ? oi?iaeueio
niaoeeo?eaoe?th, coiiaeaio a?aeai?ii eaene/ieo aac V oa N oa i?aaeeaie
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oeeo aac o eiiiiceo.

8. Eiiiiceoe VN-no?oeoo?e a i?ioean? aaiethoe?? ci?ieee naith
iiiian?ieia?/io aeii?iaioo – iaceaaiiy i??caeu / i??caenuee oa ethaeae c
iaaaoeaiith eiiioaoe??th – ? a OO no. ia oii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai
i?ia?ano noaee oeiiaith iiaeaeeth aeey oa?i?i?a ? i?ioan?iiae?ci?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa eeane/ii? o?eieia?? o?eieia?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii a
aeiiia?aeyo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao:

1. I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y iaiyo? i?ioani?a A.I.A?eaoeueeiai
(1911-1995) “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy no/anii? o?eieia??”. – E., 1996; oaia –
“Aeooaeuei?noue iiaeae? “ ae??neiai + ?iaiiee ” o no/anieo ?oae?enueeeo
eiiiiceoao” // Oace aeiiia?aeae.

2. E?iaa?noe/iee nai?ia? Oei?aio?enueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Oei?aioe?y,
1997. “Composti nominali con elemento verbale nell’ italiano di oggi” .

C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii aea? noaoo? ? a?ioo?o. ?o ia?ae?e
iiaea?oueny a e?ioe? ?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Ianya aeena?oaoe?? a noi??ieao – 150 n.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny ?c 162 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/athoueny
iaoa, caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/i? oa iaoiaee/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?icaeyaeathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O 1-io ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaie ?iaiiiai
neiaineeaaeaiiy a eaoeinuee?e ? ?iiainueeeo iiaao” ?icaeyaeathoueny
ieoaiiy aaiaceno ? noaiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy
?iiainueeeo iia, ui ? iaiao?aeiei iaoiaeieia?/iei ? e?iaa?noe/iei
i?aea?oioyi aeine?aeaeaiiy ?oae?enueeeo eiiiiceo?a-VN.

?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy ? i?aai?/iith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith neiaioai?/eo
i?aenenoai iia ia??ai? c ao?enaoe??th, ui aeiaaaeaii /eneaiieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie a aaeoc? ?iaei?a?iiaenueeeo iia. Cae/aeii, ieoiia aaaa
oeueiai niiniao neiaioai?o iaioa ii??aiyii c ao?enaeueieie, aea o ??cieo
iiaao, o ??ci? ia??iaee oa oiiae ?o ?icaeoeo oey i?iii?oe?y iiaea
ci?ithaaoeny. Oae, a?aeiii, ui eaoeinueea iiaa ii??aiyii c a?aoeueeith,
naine?eoii oa aa?iainueeeie iiaaie aeyaeyea a?eueoo noeeuei?noue aei
ao?enaeueii? aea?eaaoe??. Oea aoei aeiaaaeaii, cie?aia, noaoenoe/iei
aiae?cii eiiiiceo?a, c?iaeaiei A. I?eeiea ia aac? aeai?ie c i?iciaeo
oai??a eaoeinueei?, o?aioeocueei?, aiae?enueei?, o?inueei?,
aeaaiueia?aoeueei?, oaaaenueei?, i?iaoeueei? oa aeaaiuei?iae?enueei?
iia. Eaoeinueea iiaa ia oeueiio oii? ca ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth eiiiiceo?a
caeia? inoaii? i?noea, iaeiae I?eeiea a?aecia/a? iii?oia c?inoaiiy
eiiiiceo?a o i?ci?e eaoei? ii??aiyii c eeane/iith. Niinoa?aaeaiiy
aeine?aeiee?a eaoeinueei? iiae (?.Ii?aa, I.Aa??ii,) aeiaaee, ui a nai?e
iiai?e nenoai? ia ?nioaaei i?yeeo iaiaaeaiue uiaei i?iaeoeoaaiiy
eiiiiceo?a, i?e/eio iaiiioey?iino? oeueiai oeio ne?a ne?ae ooeaoe a
aeayeeo no?oeoo?ieo oa noee?noe/ieo oaeoi?ao ooieoe?iioaaiiy eaoeinueei?
iiae, cie?aia a iayaiino? a aeaaiueieaoeinuee?e iia? neieiie oa
aieaeueii? neaaeino?, ui iiaei no?eioaaoe aeei?enoaiiy aeaai?o oi?iaio?a
o oai?aii? eiiiiceo?a, a oaeiae o e?oa?aoo?iiio io?eci? eeane/ii? eaoeie
oa i?ci?oiio, i?ae o a?aoeuee?e iia?, ?icaeoeo iiac??, yea ia aeoieo
aeine?aeiee?a, ni?ey? aeieeiaiith eiiiiceoii? eaeneee.
Aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee aiae?c oaeoi?o aieeao iiac?? ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
eiiiiceo?a o eaoeinuee?e iia?, i?iaaaeaiee ia aac? e?oiieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
oi?i – na?aaeiuei-aeniei? iiac??, iecueei? iiac?? oa i?ice [?.Ii?aa], –
iieacaa, ui aaeeaaiiy eiiiiceo?a o iiac?? oa i?ic? a?ae??ciy?oueny ia
e?euee?nii, a ye?nii, niaeo?ii neiaioa??ieo iiaeaeae. Iecueea
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iiaeaeae ooai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a a eaoeinuee?e iia? ia
icia/aea a?aenooiino? /?oeeo neiaioa??ieo i?aaee aeey ?o i?iaeoeoaaiiy.
Oe? i?aaeea aoiaeyoue o nenoaio iiae ? ? aioo??oi?i ?? /eiieeii, ui
caaacia/o? eiino?oeoeaio iiaeeea?noue oai?aiiy neeaaeieo ne?a.

Eaoeinueea iiaa iaea ?icaaeoaeaio nenoaio ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy. Ia
aac? eaoeinueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae? oeie
?iaiieo eiiiiceo?a [?.Ii?aa]:

[ [Y]N/A + [ [X]V + Suf ]N/A ]N/A agricola

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + a ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = a) caelicola, fidicina,
Troiugena

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + o/a ]A ]A (eiiiiceo c Suf = o / a) aestifer,
causidicus, damnificus

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = ) artifex, princeps, tibicen

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + nt ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = nt) armipotens,
frugiferens, vinipollens

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + t ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = t) sacerdos, locuples,
mansues

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + tor ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = tor) vitisator, vindemitor

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + Suf 1]N ]N + Suf 2 ]A fullonius, meretricius, patrius

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V +io ]N ] armilustrium, gelicidium, litigium, sacrificium

[ [Y]A + [ [X]N + io ]N ]N aequinoctium, bipalium, quadrivium

[ [Y]A + [ [X]N ]A ]A albicapillus, falsiparens, omnicolor, primaevus

[ [Y]A + [ [X]N + i ]A ]A albiceris, bilinguis, citiremis, vagipennis

[ [Y]N + [ [X]N ]A ]A auricomus, aeripes, loripes

[ [Y]A + [X]N ]N angiportum, meridies, semihora

[ [Y]A + [X]A ]A mediterraneus, semidoctus

[ [Y]N + [X]N ]N coprificus, trisaeclisenex

– THENOAIICEOE

– A?AOeECIE

Nenoaia ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy eaoeinueei? iiae no?oeoo?ii, ia ??ai?
eaoaai??e ne?a o oa??ieo aacao, i?aeoe/ii aac ci?i a?aeia?aaeaia ? a
?iiainueeeo iiaao:

(1) [ ]N + [ ]N [ [ ]N [ ]N ]N ?o. capostazione ‘ia/aeueiee noaioe??’

(2) [ ]N + [ ]A [ [ ]N [ ]A ]N ?o. camposanto ‘eeaaeiaeua’

(3) [ ]A + [ ]N [ [ ]A [ ]N ]N ?o. altopiano ‘aeni/?iue’

(4) [ ]V + [ ]N [ [ ]V [ ]N ]N/A ?o. lavapiatti ‘iaoeia aeey ieeee
iinoaeo’

(5) [ ]V + [ ]V [ [ ]V [ ]V ]N ?o. saliscendi ‘canoa, eeyiea’

(6) [ ]p + [ ]N [ [ ]p [ ]N ]N ?o. senzatetto aacaeiiiee,
aaci?eooeueiee

(7) [ ]A + [ ]A [ [ ]A [ ]A ]A ?o. agrodolce eenei-nieiaeeee

Oa??i? aace aeey eiiiiceo?a a?aecia/athoueny oi?aa?naeueiei oa?aeoa?ii,
ia ui caa?oaee oaaao aeine?aeieee oeiieia?/ii ??cieo nenoai neiaioai?o
(A.Aaiaai?no, ?.Noaaeue, A.Ia?/aiae, I.O.Eeeiaiei oa ?i.). Ii?oieia?/ia
ae ioi?ieaiiy ? neioaene/ia eiiiiceoe?y, a oaeiae naiaioeea neiaioa??ieo
eaoaai??e, ae?aaeaia ?iaiieie eiiiiceoaie, caeaaeaoue a?ae oeiieia?/ieo
? nenoaiieo ?en eiie?aoieo iia.

Ii?oieia?/ia ia?aaoaeiaa ?iiainueeiai ?iai?, ao?aoa iei a?aei?ieiai?
ia?aaeeaie iicia/eeany e ia neiaioai?? eiiiiceo?a, ci?ieea oa?aeoa?
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?aaee, ye? a?aoiaoaaee iiao ii?oieia?th ? nenoaio
neiaioa??ieo oi?iaio?a i?e ii?iaeaeaii? eiiiiceo?a. Neioaene/ia
eiiiiceoe?y ?iiainueeiai neeaaeiiai ?iai? a?aeia?aceea iiaee ii?yaeie
ne?a o ?iiainueeeo iiaao, aea iicia/oth/a ciaoiaeeoueny a iinoiiceoe??
aei iicia/oaaiiai.

Neiaieee ?iiainueeeo iia caa?aaee /anoeio eaoeinueeeo eiiiiceo?a
iniaeeai na?aae oiiii?i?/ieo iaca (o?. Neuville, Neuchtel, ?o. Belmonte,
Belfiore), iaeiae iaa?oue i?ciueieaoeinuee? eiiiiceoe oeio signifer
‘i?aii?iiinaoeue’ ia noaee neiaioa??ieie iiaeaeyie o ?iiainueeeo iiaao
c a?aecia/aieo i?e/ei; aeaye? ae c ieo ao?aoeee iioeaaoe?eio aaco ?
ni?eeiathoueny ye i?ino? neiaa: ii?. eao.iudex c ?ii.: ?o. giudice, o?.
juge, ?ni. juer, ii?o. juiz, ?oi. jude; eao. aurifex c ?ii.: ?o. orefice
(orafo), ii?o. ourives ? iiae.

Aaaeeeaei ? oeiiaei aeey ?iiainueei? nenoaie neiaineeaaeaiiy noaa oei
eiiiiceo?a c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii. Iaa?aeiiee a a?oa?/i?e eaoei?, a?i
iaaoa cia/iiai iioe?aiiy a on?o ?iiainueeeo iiaao. Ae??ne?aiee aeaiaio
oeeo eiiiiceo?a o?aeoo?oueny iaiaeiicia/ii: a) ye oi?ia ?iia?aoeaa 2-i?
iniae iaeieie o?aiceoeaiiai ae??neiaa; a) ye oi?ia 3-i? iniae iaeieie
?iaeeeaoeaa o?aiceoeaiiai ae??neiaa. Eiiiiceoe oaei? no?oeoo?e ?nioaaee
a a?aoeuee?e iia?, iai?., phereoikos ei/?aiee, ui iineoue ca niaith
ae?i. O i?ci?e eaoei? oaae aeieeathoue neiaa ca oaeith iiaeaeeth, iai?.,
tosabarba ia?oea? (aoea. oie, ui no?eaea ai?iaeo) (VIII no.), vinceluna
‘aoea. oie, ui ia?aiaaa? i?nyoeue’ (VIII no.) ? iiae.

?icaeoie oaeeo eiiiiceo?a noeioethaaany ooai?aiiyi ne?a oeio i??caenuee,
a oaeiae i??caeu: Bevilacqua, Calcaterra, Tagliaferro, Vinciguerra; o?.
Boileau, Taillefer. Ca aiaeia??th aei i??caeu / i??caenuee
ooai?ththoueny eiiiiceoe nomina agentis: ?o. accalappiacani niaa/iee
(oie, ui caeia?oueny a?aeeiaii niaae), beccamorti iiaeeueiee, falegname
noiey?, lustrascarpe /enoeeueiee acoooy, spazzacamino naaeio?on; a
oaeiae eiiiiceoe iaei?aoeaiiai cia/aiiy ?o. attaccabrighe caa?yea,
i?e/aia, azzeccagarbugli e?oo?e, mangiacristiani aeaaeia, ca?icoi?ea
ethaeeia, yea an?i caa?iaeo?, a?eueoa ia neiaao, mettiscandali
neaiaeae?no, rubapaghe ia?iaa ? iiae. Ia?aoo?, ia i?ci?o aoaiao (19-20
no.) oeae oei eiiiiceo?a iaaoa cia/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?e noai?aii?
iii?iaoe?e aeey aia?ao?a, ?ino?oiaio?a, acaaae?, – iaoeiai? oa
i?ioan?eii? eaeneee: iai?., ?o. accendigas caiaeueie/ea (aeey aaciai?
ieeoe), apriscatole eiina?aiee i?ae, asciugacapelli oai, aspirapolvere
ieeinin, contagocce i?iaoea, lanciamissili ?aeaoia ioneiaa onoaiiaea,
portapacchi aaaaaeiee ? iiae. ?niothoue oaeiae ? oiiii?ie, ooai?ai? ca
oe??th iiaeaeeth: ?o. Bagnacavallo, Battipaglia, Miravalle, Serravalle ?
iiae.

Eiiiiceoe, ooai?ai? ia aac? V + N, iioe?ai? a on?o no/anieo ?iiainueeeo
iiaao:

o?aioeocuee?e: coupe-papier i?ae aeey ?ic??coaaiiy iaia??a, eiea,
garde-fou ia?aiao, porte-plume ?o/ea (aeey ia?a);

?niainuee?e: adobasillas, cuentagotas, lavacaras, quebrantahuesos;

ii?ooaaeuenuee?e: beijaflor, limpa-chamines;

?oioinuee?e: papa-lapte, pierdevara, zgirie-nori oa ?i.

Iiaeaeue eiiiiceo?a c o?aiceoeaiei ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii iiaeia aaaaeaoe
iaei??th c iaei?iaeoeoeai?oeo a ?iaiiiio neiaineeaaeaii?. Aiia iioe?aia
? a ia?iiainueeeo iiaao, iai?., i?i. i??caeua Bintenesel oie, ui ayaea
inea, i?i. oiiii?i Schauinstal, aiae. pick-pocket eeoaiueeiaee ceiae?e,
aiae. pick-thank i?aeeaaociee, na?a. palikua iae?e, razbibruga oia?,
svrzimantija i?i-?icno?eaa, oe?. E?ooeaon, Iaieeaiaea ? iiae.

Na?aae ?iaiieo eiiiiceo?a ?iiainueeeo iia cana?ae/ai? e ?io?, iaio
i?iaeoeoeai? iiaeae?:

a) c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii caeaa?eueoiai o oi?i? ?iia?aoeaa oeio ?o.
fuggi fuggi noeo?eia aoa/a, corri corri a?aaieia, iaoooiy ? iiae., aea
iiaoi?aiiyi ae??neiaa ae?aaea?oueny ?ioaineo?eaoe?y ae??. Neeaaeiaeie
eiiiiiaioaie iiaeooue aooe ??ci? ae??neiaa, /anoi c aioii?i?/iei
cia/aiiyi: iai?., ?o. andirivieni oiae?iiy ooaee-nthaee, o?.
va-et-vient, ?ni. vaiven; ?o. dormiveglia ae??iioa, iai?anii, ?ni.
duermevela ? iiae. Eiiiiceoe oaeiai oeio ae?aaeathoue cia/aiiy eieeaaiiy
ae??/noaio i?ae e?aei?ie oi/eaie. ??aeei a oeueiio oei? ae??ne?aiee
aeaiaio aaeeaa?oueny ia o oi?i? ?iia?aoeaa, iai?., o?. va-et-vient, ?oi.
tace-face;

a) c i?ao?eni?aeii o ?ie? ia?oiai aeaiaioa eiiiiceo?a: ?o. sanzapatria
ethaeeia, ui ia ia? a?o/ecie, o?. sans-culitte naietheio (aoea. aac
ooai?a), sans-souci aacoo?aioia ethaeeia, ?ni. sinrason
iani?aaaaeeea?noue, cene, sinsabor iiea?aiiy;

a) eiiiiceoe, noi?iiaai? ia aac? a?eueo neeaaeieo neioaene/ieo
ooai?aiue. Oe? eiiiiceoe ? ia iiaa?oiaaiio ??ai? iathoue no?oeoo?o o?ac:
iai?., ?o. nontiscordardime iacaaoaeea, ethae-iaia, o?. decrochez-moi-ca
eaaea eaoi?oieea, ?ni. correveydile ee?oea? (corre + ve + y + dille),
bazmerreir aeacaiue (baz + me + reir, aoeaaeueii ?icni?oe iaia).

Iacaaaeath/e ia iiae?aio neioaene/io i?e?iaeo naiai iioiaeaeaiiy (A.
Aaiaai?no aeo/ii iacaaa ?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy i?e?ineioaenenii),
eiiiiceoe a ??cieo iiaao aeaiiino?othoue cia/i? ?icoiaeaeaiiy
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. sse ? ?io? niiniae neiaioai?o, –
ao?enaeuei?, eiiaa?n?ei? – neiaineeaaeaiiy ia?eia? iaai? naiaioe/i?
noa?e ? naia a ieo aeyaey? naith niaoeeo?eo ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

Noaoenoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aeieo ne?a [E.sseia?i? oa A.Oi?ioii] ia
aac? /ioe?ueio ?oae?enueeeo neiaiee?a, ye? aeoiaeeee o ia??iae c 1908 ii
1989 ??e, (Dizionario moderno di Alfredo Panzini, 2-a aeae. 1908 ?.,
Appendice aei 8-ai aeae. Dizionario moderno ca ?aae. Bruno Migliorini
(1942 ?.), Appendice aei 10-ai aeae. Dizionario moderno ca ?aae. Bruno
Migliorini (= Parole nuove, 1963 ?.) ? Dizionario di parole nuove
1964-1987 ?. ca ?aae. M. Cortelazzo U. Cardinale) iieacaei, ui ??ci?
oeie eiiiiceo?a (aeania ?oae?enuee?, c eeane/iei aeaiaioii ?
i?ao?eni?aeaie) iin?aeathoue ae?oaa i?ney noo?enao?a i?noea, ui
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oaiaeaioe?? oa aaaii?noue eiiiiceoiiai neiaioai?o a
no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e iia? ia oii? ?ioeo niinia?a aea?eaaoe??. Na?aae
naiaioe/ieo oei?a ne?a, ye? o?aaeeoe?eii iiiiaiththoueny o ??cieo iiaao
ca ?aooiie neiaioai?o: 1) nomina agentis; 2) nomina actionis; 3) nomina
instrumenti; 4) nomina loci, – eiiiiceoe c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii
i?aeoe/ii aeo?nieee a a?oi? nomina instrumenti noo?enaoe.

Ca iiaeaeeth [V + N] [ [V] [N] ]N , a ye?e aeei?enoiao?oueny 285
ae??ne?aieo iniia, o neiaiee ?oae?enueei? iiae ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny:
oa?i?iieia?/ia eaeneea – a?ieia?/ia, iaaee/ia, e?iaa?noe/ia oa ?i.;
i?ioan?eia – a?enueeiaa, oeaoeueea, ii?nueea, e?nieoeueea,
aea?aaiia?iaia, iaoaeiia?iaia oa ?i.; oaeiae ooai?th?oueny cia/ia
e?euee?noue nomina actionis ia iicia/aiiy ethaeae ca i?ioan??th, ui
a?aeia?aaea? iiaee c??c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ono?ith noni?euenoaa.
E?eaa i?iaeoeoeaiino? oeeo eiiiiceo?a iino?eii c?inoa?, aiie ?
iaa?ae?iiith /anoeiith ?oae?enueeiai neiaieea.

?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy ye caaaeueiii?eeiyoa oi?ia i?ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie noa? a?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei o ?iiainueeeo iiaao
ii??aiyii c eaoeinueeith. Oi/a ?iiainuee? neiaieee i?noyoue eiiiiceoi?
caiice/aiiy c eaoeinueei? oa a?aoeueei? iia, a?eueo aaaeeeaei ?
iayai?noue o ieo aeaniiai iaoai?cio ooai?aiiy neeaaeieo iii?iaoe?e.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e aiaeia?/iee oiiae oa??ieo aac, ?iiainuee? neiaioa??i?
nenoaie ae?iaeee ?ioo oaoi?eo o?ainoi?iaoe?e, ui iiaycaii c ?noioiith
ia?aaoaeiaith ii?oieia?? ?iiainueeiai ?iai?, a oaeiae iiaei ii?yaeeii
ne?a o neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?yo. A?aecia/ai? ?ene ? aaaeeeaeie ia eeoa
o neiaioai??, aiie aoiaeyoue aei /enea ?iiainueeeo oi?aa?nae?e.

Aeoea?caoe?y a ?iiainueeeo iiaao eiiiiceoiiai neiaioai?aiiy iiaea
?icaeyaeaoeny ye iaeia ?c neeaaeiaeo /anoei ?iaiiiai oeio ?iiainueei?
o?ace, – noanoaioeaiiai noeeth, ui ? iaei??th c ?iiainueeeo oi?aa?nae?e.
Noanoaioeaiee noeeue, ienaa O.Aaee?, ae?aaea?oueny ianaiia?aae o
o?ainiiioaaii? ae??ne?aieo no?oeoo? a ?iaii?, a iane/aiino? ?a/aiiy
aeaaa?aaoeaaie. Oaeei /eiii, i?aaeea ii?iaeaeaiiy ?iaiieo eiiiiceo?a c
ae??ne?aieie aacaie ia??ai? c ?ioeie caniaaie oi?ioaaiiy noanoaioeaiiai
noeeth noai?ththoue oei ?iiainueeeo oaeno?a c iaiaaeaiei oaeeaaiiyi
i?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe ae??i?eeiaoiee?a,
a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiiee?a, aa?oiae?aeueieo ooai?aiue o iiaa?oiaa?e
no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy. Neiaioai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a noa? iaa?ae?iiith /anoeiith
noanoaioeaiiai noeeth.

O 2-io ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Oai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a ye o?aaiaio eaene/ii?
ii?oieia??” ?icaeyaea?oueny niaoeeo?ea neiaioa??iiai i?aaeea aeey iieno
eiiiiceo?a o na?oe? eiioeaioe?e aaia?aoeaii? a?aiaoeee (Oiinueeee,
A?iiioo, Oaeea, Neae?ca) oa iiiian?ieia?/ii? oai??? neiaioai?o
(Eoa?yeiaa, Aeieoe?e, Oainaeio).

Eaeneea a ?? no/aniiio ?icoi?ii? ia ? eeoa ei?ionii aeaiiai, a aeeth/a?
oaeiae i?aaeea, a?aiaoeeo. ?ioeie neiaaie, a eaeneoe? ? naiy a?aiaoeea,
? ?? o?aaa a?aee?eoe. Eiaeia eaenaia ? neeaaeiei neiaieii, ooai?aiei ia
aac? neioaco oiiieia?? ? neioaeneno ( i a n e i o a a i a o e e e ! –
?ic?. iaoa). A?aeo?ae eaeneee a?ae i?aaee neioaaiaoe/iiai eiino?othaaiiy
a iai?yieo aei i?aaee iae?i?eieo no?oeoo? ? iaoiaeieia?/iei i?eioeeiii
iiaeaethaaiiy neiaieea a no/aniiio iiaiciaanoa?.

I?iaiaey/e aiaeia?th i?ae eaeneeith ? neioaenenii, a?aecia/eii, ui
e?iaa?noe/i? iaoai?cie, ye? ae?thoue o oeeo i?aenenoaiao, ??ci?, ioaea,
? i?aaeea ?o iieno oaeiae ?noioii a?ae??ciythoueny, ye a?ae??ciythoueny
nai? iaeeieoe? oa ?o i?aai?caoe?y a oeeo i?aenenoaiao. I?aaeea iieno
eaeneee, i?e?iaeii, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueoith e?euee?noth iaiaaeaiue,
iaeiae oea ia aeeeth/a? oiai, ui ? a eaeneoe? /a?ac i?aaeei iiaeia
i?eeoe aei a?aee?eooy i?eoiaaieo, aeeaeiieo ?aaoey?iinoae. Oai??y iieno
eaeneee a oaeiio aniaeo? ae?noaea iacao eaene/ii? ii?oieia?? [Neae?ca],
yea aeeth/a?: a) i?aaeea neiaioai?o; a) i?aaeea neiaici?ie; a)
ii?oiiieia?/i? i?aaeea.

I?aaeea neiaioai?o aeicaieythoue anoaiiaeoe an? iiaeeea? oeie ne?a ye
i?inoi?, oae ? eiiiiceoii? aoaeiae, a oaeiae iienaoe ?o no?oeoo?o, ui
noaiiaeoue aeineoue neeaaeio i?iaeaio, ine?eueee i?aaeea a eaeneoe?
iiaycai? c aaaaoueia iaiaaeaiiyie caaaeueiiai ? /anoeiaiai oa?aeoa?o.

I?aaeea neiaioai?o neeaaeathoueny c aeaio /anoei – oi?iaeueii? ?
naiaioe/ii?, oiaoi iathoue iiaeoeueio aoaeiao. O oi?iaeuei?e /anoei?
iienothoueny a?aiaoe/i? eaoaai??? aeaiaio?a neiaioai?/iai aeoo, a
naiaioe/i?e – ?ice?eaa?oueny oa?aeoa? a?aeiioaiue i?ae oa??iith aacith ?
neiaioa??iei oi?iaioii.

A iaio iiaeoeyo ae?thoue iaiaaeaiiy, aeanoea? neiaioai?/ei nenoaiai
aaaaoueio iia: oiiieia?/i?, ii?oioaeoe/i? ? naiaioe/i?. Aenie?oeeoiee
iien oeeo oei?a iaiaaeaiue oaeiae iiaeiai aoiaeeoe o neiaioa??ia
i?aaeei.

Ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e i?aaee aeey iieno ii?iaeaeaiiy
i?inoeo ao?enaeueieo aea?eaao?a ? i?aaee aeey iieno eiiiiceo?a aoiaeeei
a caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??. Aoaeue-yea i?aaeei, yea canoiniao?oueny ye
?ino?oiaioa??e aeey ?ice?eooy aeeaeiii? e?iaa?noe/ii? nooiino?
iaeeieoeue, iiaeiii a?aeia?aaeaoe niaoeeo?eo oeeo iaeeieoeue.
Neiaioai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a ia? nai? iniaeeaino? ii??aiyii c ao?enaoe??th,
ui coiiaeaii i?e?iaeith oeeo ne?a. I?e aecia/aii? neeaaeiiai neiaa ne?ae
iaoe ia oaac? e?eueea aniaeo?a ?, a?aeiia?aeii, e?eueea a?oi iciae, ca
yeeie neeaaeia neiai aeae?ey?oueny c-iii?ae a) ao?enaeueieo aea?eaao?a,
a) o?acaieia?ci?a ? a) a?eueieo neioaene/ieo niieoe.

Neeaaeia neiai ia? a?aei?iio a?ae ao?enao?a aaco – oea, ye i?aaeei,
neioaene/ia iaeeieoey, yea a i?ioean? aea?eaaoe?? ia?aoai?th?oueny ia
neiai, oi?aa?ao?oueny. I?ae neioaene/iith aacith ? neiaii-eiiiiceoii,
i?e?iaeii, aeieea? aeenoaioe?y: oea aaea aea? ??ciino?oeoo?i? iaeeieoe?
c ??cieie ooieoe?yie a nenoai? iiae.

O naiaioeoe? aeo?aeii? aace ? a eiiiiceo? i?noyoueny ??ci? ia?aaeoiiae
aeey ??cieo no?aoaa?e oaeeaaiiy oeeo iaeeieoeue. “Neeaaeia neiai ? eiai
aiae?oe/iee aiaeia ii-??ciiio /eaiothoue neooaoe?th ? a?aeia?aaeathoue
??cia aa/aiiy iiaoeai o??? naii? neooaoe??. Neeaaeia neiai aeicaiey?
oieeiooe eiie?aoii? ?aoa?aioe?? aei iicia/oaaiiai ia?eoa ?
caaeiaieueieoeny aeac?aeith ia eean oaeeo ia?eo?a.” [Eoa?yeiaa I.N.].
Neiai ocaaaeueith?, neioaenen /eaio?, o ieo ??ci?
aeaiioaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/i? oe?e? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ooieoe?? o iia?.

Neiaioa??i? i?aaeea iieno eiiiiceo?a iiaeii? aeyaeoe ??ci? niiniae
oi?aa?aaoe?? neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe??, aeyaeoe i?e oeueiio oeiia?
iaiaaeaiiy ia neiaioa??io iia?aoe?th, ui aeanoue ciiao ?ice?eoe
aioo??oi? iaoai?cie neiaineeaaeaiiy.

Cae/aeii, ia an? ia?aoai?aiiy, cae?enithaai? o oa??i?e aac?, iiaeooue
aooe ae?aaeai? neiaioa??iei i?aaeeii. Oae, o i?aaee? iaiiaeeeai
oi?iaeueii a?aeia?aceoe ?aoa?aioe?ei? ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny i?e
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeo?aeii? neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe?? o neiai. Iaeiae
caaaeath/e ia aaaii?noue iciaee ?aoa?aioe?eii? ni?yiiaaiino?,
a?aecia/a?ii, ui i?e neiaioai?aii? eiiiiceo?a a?aeaoaathoueny
ianaiia?aae oe? ci?ie, a i?ioean? yeeo iiaiicia/i? iaeeieoe?
neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe?? ao?a/athoue naith ?aoa?aioe?eio naiino?ei?noue
? ia?aoai?ththoueny ia iaeeieoe?-iciaee.

Caaaeueia no?oeoo?a neiaioa??iiai i?aaeea, yea i?noeoue oi?iaeueiee ?
naiaioe/iee iiaeoe?, a oaeiae iaai? iaiaaeaiiy, ?aeeia ? aeey ao?enao?a
? aeey eiiiiceo?a. Iaeiae i?e neiaioai?aii? i?inoeo ? neeaaeieo
iaeeieoeue iiae ??ciith ? ieoiia aaaa oeeo iiaeoe?a. Aeey ao?enao?a, ia
iaoo aeoieo, ?ieue oi?iaeueieo /eiiee?a i?e ooai?aii? iio?aeiiai neiaa
aaaii?oa, i?ae aeey neeaaeieo ne?a. A ao?enaoao ie ia?ii ni?aao c
ii?oaiiei oaii, ia yeiio, e??i ii?oiiieia?/ieo /a?aoaaiue, iiaeooue
cyaeoeny yaeua ?ioa?oa?aioe??, on?/aiiy, ?ioa?o?enaoe??. I?e/iio, ye
iieacothoue ?acoeueoaoe aea?eaaoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oeaeoeaieo iia,
ooai?aiiy ??cieo oei?a ao?enao?a ??aeei “ia iaoyaeaia” yaeuaie
ii?oaiiiai oaa. [Niaie?aa I.A., Eeeiaiei I.O.].

I?e neiaioai?aii? eiiiiceoa noanoaioe?aeueia oi?ia aeo?aeii? aace,
i?e?iaeii, ci?ith?oueny. Ianaiia?aae o eiiiiceo? cieeathoue on?
iieacieee neioaene/ieo cayce?a, a oaeiae a?oeee?, niieo/ieee,
i?eeiaiieee, yeui aiie ? o aeo?aei?e neioaene/i?e eiino?oeoe??. Iai?.,

1. L’oggetto per portare le carte > che porta le carte > il portacarte
iaiea aeey iaia??a, aoea. ui i?noeoue iaia?e.

2. L’uomo che gabba la gente > chi gabba la gente > il gabbagente
a?aooi, aoea. ui iaiaith? ia?iae.

O eiiiiceo? iiaea ci?ieoeny aeo?aeiee ii?yaeie aeaiaio?a, iiaeooue
aeieeiooe e?ioeaa? ii?oaie aeey ioi?ieaiiy eaoaai??aeueieo
(/anoeiiiiaieo) iciae neiaa. Ia ii?oaiiiio oa? i?ae niieo/oaaieie
iniiaaie iiaea cyaeoeny ?ioa?o?en. ?ieiee i?aainoi?iiiy iniiaa
ioi?iey?oueny noo?enii, yeee aeeiio? ?ieue iiiian?ieia?/iiai aacena.
Iai?., aiae. having blue eyes > blue-eyed neiueiieee, aea -ed oi?io? a
ae??i?eeiaoieeo naiaioeeo ao?eaooa.

Iaeiae i??i?eoaoieie o neiaineeaaeaii? ? iciaee naiaioe/i? – eaene/i?
cia/aiiy ne?a ? naiaioeea i?aaeeeaoieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae ieie, ia ui
aeacoaaeiny aaaaoueia aeine?aeieeaie eiiiiceo?a [Aaiaai?no, Oainaeio,
Aeieoe?e].

Ine?eueee neiaioa??ia iia?aoe?y aeey ooai?aiiy eiiiiceoa a?aeaoaa?oueny
iaae aeaiia iiaiicia/ieie neiaaie, a ia iaae iniiaith (??aeoa – neiaii)
? neiaioa??iith ii?oaiith, a oaeiae caaaeath/e ia oa, ui i?e oeueiio ia
ia?oee ieai aenooia? naiaioe/iee iiaeoeue, neiaioa??ia i?aaeei iieno
ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceoa iaaoaa? ?ioiai aeaeyaeo. Ia aeoieo ?yaeo
aeine?aeiee?a neiaioai?o eiiiiceo?a [Aaiaai?no, Aeieoe?e, Eoa?yeiaa],
niaoeeo?ea ooai?aiiy neeaaeieo ne?a iiaea aooe a?aeia?aaeaia c
aeiiiiiaith i?aaee oaei? no?oeoo?e: a) iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen; a)
iiiian?ieia?/ia iciaea ? a) iiiian?ieia?/iee i?aaeeeao-caycea.

Oaeei /eiii, neiaioa??ia i?aaeei aeey eiiiiceo?a iaaoaa? ae?aciiai
iiiian?ieia?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy, eiai iiaeia ioioiaeieoe c aeaaaeaiiyi
iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e (IN) eiiiiceoa, ui ia? oaeee aeaeyae: IN
eiiiiceoa = iiiian?ieia?/ia iciaea + iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen + i?aaeeeao.

Iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen – oea eaoaai??aeueiee (/anoeiiiiaiee)
eeaneo?eaoi?, yeee iiaea i?noeoeny: a) ana?aaeei? eiiiiceoa
(aiaeioeaio?e/i? eiino?oeoe??: A + A ??ciiaeae A aai ??ciiaeae A ).

Iai?., portaacqua ae?ia /i/ ?oa
+ – .

O ?iiainueeeo iiaao o eiiiiceoao aiaeioeaio?e/ii? eiino?oeoe?? aacen, ye
i?aaeei, oi?io?oueny ca ?aooiie e?ainoi?iiiuei? iaeeieoe? (??ciiaeae A).
Iai?., o?. coupe-papier i?ae aeey ?ic??coaaiiy eiea, iaia?o, ii?o.
limpa-chamins naaeio?on, ?o. aspirapolvere ieeinin.

O aa?iainueeeo iiaao, iiaao neaiaeeiaanueeiai a?aaeo, neiayinueeeo iiaao
aacen /ano?oa i?noeoueny o i?aa?e /anoei? eiiiiceoa. Iai?., oe?. aeniea
ai?a > aenieia??iee; aiae. driver of the car > car-driver oioa?
aaoiiia?ey.

?ieue iiiian?ieia?/ii? iciaee o eiiiiceoao /ano?oa aeeiiothoue
iiaiicia/i? neiaa c aeo?aeii? aace, ye?, a?aeiia?aeii, ci?ieee nai?
eaene/i? ooieoe??.

Iia?aoe?? iaae eaene/ieie eiiiiiaioaie eiiiiceoa a?aecia/athoueny ?yaeii
iniaeeainoae, ui coiiaeaii eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iith niaoeeo?eith
iioeaaoi??a, a oaeiae a?aeiioaiiyi i?ae an?ia neeaaeiaeie
iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e neiaa. Aenie?oeeoiee iien IN nie?a?oueny ia
ia?eo?aco – ?aeiino?oeoe?th iioeaoth/i? neioaene/ii? iaeeieoe?
(neiainiieo/aiiy aai ?a/aiiy). Iai?.,

?o.: L’uomo (animale) che ama mangiare la carne > chi ama mangiare
(mangia) la carne > il mangiacarne – oie, ooi iaaea? ia?aaaao iyno;
iyni?ae; (?c aea?a. a?aeo?ieii) iyni?aeiee (i?i oaa?eio);

?in.: *aeiaae, ia?aaicyuee aiaeo > oio, eoi aiceo aiaeo > aiaeiaic;

oe?.: Eiiaoa, ui ?noue ioo > oie, ooi ?noue ioo > iooi?aeea.

Iaeiae aeyaeaiiy neioaene/iiai iioeaaoi?a /a?ac ia?eo?ace ia caaaeaee ?
iiaeeeaei, iniaeeai aeey eiiiiceo?a aecioeaio?e/ii? eiino?oeoe??, aea
eaene/ia cia/aiiy eiiiiceo?a ? anioe?aoeaiei. Iai?., che porta gli
elettrodi > portaelettrodi il paranaso

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020