EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

IAOIIANUeEA IEANss AEAAeENEAA?AIA

OAeE 398 (091)

OIEUeEEI?ENOE*IA NIAAeUEIA IEOAEEA Ae?AAIIAIIAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 10.01.07 — oieueeei?enoeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe???

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii oieueeei?enoeee Iacye Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/, ?inoeooo
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee oa aoiieia?? ?i. I.O.?eeuenueeiai
IAI Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee eoeueoo?e
Oe?a?ie, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe Oaa/oe Noaiai ?aaiiae/,
??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo eoeueoo?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «5» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 11 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.001.15 i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252017, Ee?a-17, aoeueaa? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, 14.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «3» aa?aniy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E.A.A?eoeee

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oiiaao ooaa?aeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaioae?oaoo, ?icaoaeiae oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae aino?i iinoa? i?iaeaia
oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oeo ?noi?e/ieo i?ioean?a, eio?? /a?ac
a?aeii? ?aeaieia?/i? i?e/eie aeaoi?ioaaeeny ia eeoa a aaaaoueio iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo, a e o na?aeiiino? ia iaeiiai iieie?iiy. Aaaeeeaei o oeueiio
eiioaeno? ? c’ynoaaiiy ?ie? iaaieo aecia/ieo iinoaoae-ian?iia???a, ye?
c?iaeee aaaiiee aianie o oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e. Aei oaeeo
niiaeaeaeiee?a a?o/eciyii? iaoee iaeaaeeoue I.I.Ae?aaiiaiia, aaeeeee
iaoeiaee aei?iaie yeiai i?eaa?oa? oaaao oe?a?inueeeo ? ca?oa?aeieo
?noi?ee?a, e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a, oieueeei?eno?a, aoiieia?a, iie?oee?a,
o?einio?a.

sse neooii caoaaaeoaaee aeine?aeieee niaaeueie o/aiiai, eiai ?ioa?ane
nyaaee a?ae ?noi??? aioe/iino? ? ?ae?a??ciaanoaa aei oieueeei?o ??cieo
ia?iae?a, ia?aaeon?i oe?a?inueeiai, a?ae i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee
aei i?aaiciaanoaa, a?ae i?aai?caoe?? i?aeoeaico?ii? i?ane aei
i?aai?caoe?? ?aaeeeaeueii? ia?o??, a?ae eiie?aoieo ioe?iie
neia’yinueeiai ieoaiiy ia Aaeeaiao aei caaeoi?a noai?eoe ia?en ?noi???
oeea?e?caoe?? a Oe?a?i?, a?ae aeiienoaaiiy o /eneaii? a?o/eciyi? ?
ca?oa?aei? ia??iaee/i? i?aaie aei i?iiaaaiaee eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie
“oe?a?inueeiai ? ?in?enueeiai ia?iae?a o ?a?ii? ? oae aeae? – an? aiie
neoaoaaee i?ciaiith iniaeeainoae ?a?iiaenueei? oeea?e?caoe?? ?
aeyniaiith ia oeueiio oe? iiaeeeainoae ? ia?niaeoea oe?a?inueei?
iaoe??”.

sseui ?noi?e/i?, iie?oe/i?, ioae?oeenoe/i?, e?oa?aoo?iciaa/? i?aoe?
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa oae /e ?iaeoa aoee a iie? ?ioa?an?a aaaaoueio
aeine?aeiee?a (na?aae ieo ?.O?aiei, I.A?ooaanueeee, E.A?eaoeueeee,
ss.Aeiaaeuaiei, I.Oaae/aiei, E.Iiae/aiei, N.Uo?ao, A.Aeiaae/, ?.I?uoe,
O.Iaca?aiei, ?.?aai/aiei oa ?i.), oi ?i’y o/aiiai o oieueeei?enoeoe?
/ano?oa cono??/a?ii a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy. Ia?ii ia oaac? noaoo?
N.Ieoaie/a, A.Ea/eaia (eiai ae eieaeeo i?i I.Iaaeeea (1986)),
ss.Aa?aneia, ?.E?ny oiui.

Oieueeei?enoe/i? i?aoe? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, ia yeeo ua a ieioeiio noie?oo?
aoea cina?aaeaeaia oaaaa ?.O?aiea, I.Iaaeeea, I.Ao/einueeiai, Ean?
Oe?a?iee, I.A?ooaanueeiai oa ?ioeo ae?y/?a a?o/eciyii? eoeueoo?e, aianee
a oe?a?inueeo iaoeo no?oi?iue ?noi?e/ii? eiie?aoeee, cie?aia ia
eiiia?aoea?nonueeiio ??ai?. O ieo cono??/a?ii /eiaei i?eioeei?a
o?einionueei? aio?iiieia??, yea a Oe?a?i? eeoa ca?ac noa? ia iaoeiaee
a?oio. Aein? a?o/eciyia iaoea ua ia cae?enieea iaeaaeiiai aiae?co
/eneaiieo i?aoeue iaeiiai c iaeaecia/i?oeo ae?y/?a ia iea? oe?a?inueei?
oieueeei?enoeee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, o iaoeia? oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?
ieaie yei? aoiaeeoue i?iaeaia aea/aiiy ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e a
eiioaeno? c ?ioeie oi?iaie ienoaoeoaa, cie?aia oieueeei?ii, noai?aiiy
iin?aiee?a aeey /eoaiiy iaeiieiaiieo eo?n?a, niaoeeo?n?a, nai?ia??a.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy oieueeei?enoe/ii? niaaeueie
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, iaoa??ae?a noaoae, niiaaae?a no/aniee?a, ai?noiey???
cae?enith?oueny ni?iaa anaa?/ii ioe?ieoe iaoeiao niaaeueio o/aiiai a
eiioaeno? a?o/eciyieo oa caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo no/anieo oai?aoe/ieo
iiaeaeae o oieueeei?enoeoe?, aeyaeoe cia/aiiy eiai iaoeiaeo canaae ?
a?aee?eoo?a aeey ?icaeoeo nueiaiaeaiii? oa iaeaooiuei? iaoee i?i
ia?iaeio oai?/?noue.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe noi?ioeueiaaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

aecia/eoe ?ieue I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee ia
iniia? aiae?co eiai iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo;

c’ynoaaoe iaoeiao iiaecio “ae?aaiiai?anueei? aaeeoi?nueei? o?eeia??”
(ss.Aa?anei) i?i oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio i?naii?noue a eiioaeno?
iiceoea?nonueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue oieueeei?ieo yaeu O?O no.;

aeaoe ia’?eoeaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo oai?aoe/iei canaaeai o/aiiai i?i
oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio i?ico, aeoeaiooth/e ia eiai iaoeiaeo iiooeao
aaiaceno nthaeao?a, iioea?a, ia?ac?a a aoi?/i?e oe?a?inuee?e oa a
iicaaoi?/i?e ia?iaei?e eoeueoo??;

aeyaeoe iaoeiaa cia/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeniiae?a o/aiiai aeey no/anii?
oieueeei?enoeee oa na?oiaeyaeii? i???ioaoe?? a aaiethoe?eieo i?ioeanao
eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeena?oaoe?? ? iaoeia? caeiaooee
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo-oieueeei?eno?a, e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a,
?noi?ee?a, o?einio?a, ioae?oeeno?a i?i oieueeei?enoe/i? i?ioeane a
Oe?a?i? oa ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo iai?yi?a oaeeo ae?y/?a, ye:
I.Iaeneiiae/, I.Aiaeyinueeee, I.Eoe?o, I.Einoiia?ia, I.Iioaaiy,
A.Aioiiiae/, I.Ae?aaiiaiia, ?.O?aiei, I.Iaaeee, I.Noioeia, A.Aiaothe,
I.A?ooaanueeee, E.A?ooaanueea, ss.Naa/aiei, I.Aiciye, ?.Aieeia, I.Aeae,
?.Aa?acianueeee, I.Iacye, A.Aieei, N.Ieoaie/, ?.Ee?/?a, A.Ea/eai,
I.Ooiaaea, I.Iiae/aiei, I.Oaae/aiei, A.Aea?ea/, ?.?aai/aiei, I.Iiiiae/,
A.THcaaiei, E.Oaaean, O.Oaa/oe, ss.Aa?anei oa ?i.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? nie?aeany ia aeinyaiaiiy ca?oa?aeii?
iaoee – i?aoe? I.Eiioa, I.Aanaeianueeiai, ?.Oaia, I.Iei?ia,
E.Eaa?-No?ina, ?.Aa?oa, E.Eaaaoieeiaa oa ?i.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeena?oaio ea?oaaeany
?noi?eei-aaiaoe/iei, ii??aiyeueiei, no?oeoo?ii-oeiieia?/iei ?
eiioaenooaeueiei iaoiaeaie no/anii? oieueeei?enoeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a inieneaii? oa aiae?c?
oieueeei?enoe/iiai aei?iaeo I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, o ?ice?eoo?
aeine?aeieoeueeeo iaoiae?a aoae?aie/iai oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee.
Aia?oa c iiaeyaeo no/anii? iaoee i?i ia?iaeio oai?/?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny
no?oeoo?a oieueeei?ieo aeaeaiue, oii?yaeeiaaieo o/aiei, aeoeaioo?oueny
ia ?o cia/aii? aeey iiaeaeueoeo iaoeiaeo iiooe?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o caaaa/aii? aniaeo?a aea/aiiy
?noi??ia?ao?? oieueeei?o. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiaiththoue ?
?icoe?ththoue a?aeii? iaoeia? iiaeyaee i?i oe?a?inueeiai o/aiiai c
?a?iiaenueeei ?i’yi.

Aeaea?aeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaoaaee oieueeei?i? aeaeaiiy
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (iaai? o ni?ai?aoe? c A.Aioiiiae/ai), cie?aia,
“Enoi?e/aneea ianie iaei?onneiai ia?iaea n iauyniaieyie Ae.Aioiiiae/a e
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa”. Oo. ?, ??. – E., 1874-1875, o.??, 1875; “Iaei?onneea
ia?iaeiua i?aaeaiey e ?anneacu”. – E., 1876; oai?aoe/i? i?aoe?: “Iia?
oe?a?inuee? i?ni? i?i a?iiaaenuee? ni?aae (1764-1880)”. – AEaiaaa, 1881;
“Iie?oe/i? i?ni? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo OV???-O?O no. C oaaaaie
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa”. *.?, ?icae.?. – AEaiaaa, 1883, ?icae.??. – AEaiaaa,
1885; /eneaii? noaoo? ? nooae??, iioae?eiaai? o e?oa?aoo?iciaa/?e oa
oieueeei?enoe/i?e ia??iaeeoe?, aeueiaiaoao, a?nieeao, cia/ia /anoeia
yeeo oa?eoea aei “?ica?aeie i?i oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio neiaani?noue ?
ienueiainoai”. Oo. ? – ?V. – Euea?a, 1899-1907; ai?noiey?i? iaoa??aee
oiui.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoaieie i?ae /an /eoaiiy oi?aa?neoaonueeeo eo?n?a
ia?iaeiiiiaoe/ii? oai?/ino?, ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee,
oai??? oieueeei?o, ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, niaoeeo?n?a,
niaoenai?ia??a, i?e iaienaii? eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o.
Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?aoiaaia ? ia iaoeia? caieoe
aeeeaaea/?a na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, nooaeaio?a, o/i?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ?
oieueeei?enoeee Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o ioae?eaoe?yo,
eo?nao eaeoe?e c oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ? eoeueoo?e o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?, ?inoeooo? aaeaieaoo?e i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy, aeeeaaeai? ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo a
Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ia o?eieia?/iiio oaeoeueoao?, ??aiainueeiio
?inoeooo? eoeueoo?e, Iae?oiiieuenueeiio iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo?:
“Oieueeei?enoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue I.Iaeneiiae/a” (Ee?a, 1992); “I?iaeaie
aeeeaaeaiiy ia?iaeiciaa/eo aeenoeeie?i a na?aaei?o oa aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao” (??aia, 1993); “No/ani? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oieueeei?o ?
e?oa?aoo?e o aeueo oa na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao” (Iae?oiiieue,
1996); “Oieueeei? oa e?oa?aoo?a ye iaoeiaa oa ina?oiy i?iaeaia” (Ee?a,
1998); “I?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy no/aniiai oieueeei?o” (Ee?a, 1999).

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee o 8 noaooyo (caaaeueiei ianyaii iiiaae 2
ae?.a?e.), iaai? iieiaeaiiy aena?oeai? ? a 2 iin?aieeao aaoi?a
aeena?oaoe?? c oe?a?inueei? iiae aeey nooaeaio?a iao?eieia?/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? Anooio, 3 ?icae?e?a,
Aeniiae?a, Nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Ci?no ?iaioe.

O Anooi? aaoi? ia??oioiao? aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, cacia/a?
iaoeiao iiaecio ?acoeueoao?a aiae?ciaaii? i?iaeaie, oi?ioeth? iaoo ?
caaaeaiiy ?iaioe. Aena?oeth?oueny oaeiae ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?? c
iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie eaoaae?e, iiaeathoueny
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a
oaeiae ia?ae?e iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, aea aoee ai?iaiaai? iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe, ? nienie ioae?eaoe?e, o yeeo aeeeaaeaii iniiaiee
ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I.Ae?aaiiaiia – i?aaenoaaiee eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai
iai?yio a oe?a?inuee?e oieueeei?enoeoe? O?O no.” aiae?co?oueny i?ioean
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? oieueeei?enoeee o O?O no., canai?iiy
iath caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo oai?aoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa oi?ioaaiiy aeanieo
aeine?aeieoeueeeo iaoiae?a, coiiaeaieo noni?eueii-?noi?e/ieie i?ioeanaie
a Oe?a?i?.

?a?iiaenueea a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e, neiaaniino?, cie?aia,
yea ii/aeiny a aeiao ?iiaioecio, coiiaeei oa?iaioaoe?th iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aea?, ?? i?iya o aeaeaiiyo oieueeei?ieo oai??a ienueiaiieeaie, o/aieie.

A?aeiii, ui a Oe?a?i? i?ioeano aeaeaiiy ie?aieo ca??iee?a oieueeei?o
ia?aaeoaaa ia??iae ?o ?ioaineaiiai a?aeoai?aiiy a ooaeiaei?e e?oa?aoo??
o e?ioe? OVIII – ia ii/.O?O no., ia ui aeacoaaa ia ii/aoeo OO no.
a?aeiiee oieueeei?iciaaaoeue, i?ioani? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
ss.Naa/aiei, caoaaaeoth/e, ui a oeae /an o ?in?enuee?e ?iia??? ia aoei
aeiaeiiai ienueiaiieea oe?a?inueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, eio?ee ae ia
?ioa?i?aooaaa oieueeei?ieo nthaeao?a, ia?ac?a /e iioea?a o nai?o oai?ao.
Aaea ia?o? c?a?aiiy oieueeei?o I.Oea?oae?aa, I.Iaeneiiae/a,
I.Aiaeyinueeiai, C.Aeieaiae-Oiaeaeianueeiai, ?.N?aciaanueeiai,
ss.Aieiaaoeueeiai, ?.Aaaeeaae/a, I.Oeoaoeueeiai-?ee?/a, I.Eoe?oa,
I.Einoiia?iaa cana?ae/eee ni?iao aeooae?caoe?? iao??ioe/ii? na?aeiiino?
/a?ac iiioey?ecaoe?th anoaoe/ieo ?aeaae?a ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?. O
ia?aaeiiaao aei ca??ie oa ie?aieo nooae?yo I.Iaeneiiae/a,
I.Aiaeyinueeiai, I.Aiaiey, I.Eoe?oa, I.Einoiia?iaa oa ?ioeo i?aaaeth?
?noi?eei-aaiaoe/iee i?aeo?ae ii?aoethaaiiy oieueeei?o, ui iaa i?noea ? a
i?ci?o? ia??iaee oa coiiaea iaoeia? canaaee eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai
iai?yio a oe?a?inuee?e oieueeei?enoeoe?. O no?oeoo?? oe?a?inueeeo
oieueeei?ieo ca??iee?a aiioe ?iiaioecio cia/ia i?noea a?aeaiaeeeiny
?noi?e/i?e i?iaeaiaoeoe?, aeoiai, i?niyi, eaaaiaeai i?i eica//eio, ui
cana?ae/o? iniaeeao iiceoe?th oii?yaeiee?a oa aeaeaaoe?a – aei iaaii?
i??e “caaoaeueiaaio” iaoo a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? ian,
i?ioenoiyiiy eieii?aeuei?e ineoieia??, iaioiaa?oino?, yea
ianaaeaeoaaeany a Oe?a?i? aea?aeaaaie-non?aeaie.

Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui iniaeeaa noaiiaeua oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee,
ui ?icaeaaeany i?ae aieeaii iaoeiaeo canaae iiceoea?cio, iniiai?
i?eioeeie yeiai noi?ioeueiaai? I.Eiioii, ni?e/eieei oie aaeeeee
aiooc?aci o iaa?iiaaeaeaii? oieueeei?iiai iaoa??aeo oa ?ioaineaia
??ciia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai aaaaoueia ae?y/aie, cie?aia o/aieie,
ienueiaiieeaie, ui cia/ii aeoea?coaaei aeinyaiaiiy aeine?aeiee?a o ?ioeo
aoiai?oa?ieo noa?ao, iai?eeeaae, o e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?.

Ca??ieee I.Iaeneiiae/a, I.Eoe?oa, “O?oaeu…” I.*oaeinueeiai, i?aoe?
I.Aiaeyinueeiai, I.Iioaai?, I.Einoiia?iaa – ona oea o? a?oe a ?noi???
oieueeei?enoeee, ye? cana?ae/othoue ?? aaaeeeao ?ieue aei na?aaeeie O?O
no. ia eeoa o a?o/eciyi?e iaooe?, a e o no?aeiineia’yinuee?e caaaeii. O
Iaoa?ao?cueeiio i?ny/ieeo “Aanoiee Aa?iiu” 1871?. (?1, aac i?aeieno) o
noaoo? “Ia?iaeia aaeao?enoeea”, aaoi?noai yei? noaei a?aeiia c eenoa
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aei I.Ao/einueeiai (31.08.1871?.), aaoi? (I.Ae?aaiiaiia),
aiae?coth/e oieueeei?enoe/iee i?ioean o ? iie. O?O no. a Oe?a?i?,
cacia/a?, ui ?ioaineai?noue ioae?eaoe?e oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o caanea
oiae?, eiee aeoea?coaaeany oieueeei?enoeea ?in?enueea. Aeaeaiiy
?in?enueei? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? “eeoeei aeaeaei ccaaeo naaa aeaeaiiy
iai’yoie iaei?onueeeo». Oea coiiaeaii aoei a?aeiieie iie?oe/ieie
i?e/eiaie, cie?aia Aaeo?anueeei oee?eoey?ii 1863 p., yeei oe?a?inueea
eieaa, oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a i?aeoe/ii caai?iiyeany. Oeaio?e eoeueoo?e,
i?aeo?eioaai? ?iia?nueeei o?yaeii, cina?aaeeeeny o Iaoa?ao?c? oa Iinea?.
Iao??ioe/i? iano?i?, i?eaeooai? ua a ia??iae ?ica?iio
Ee?eei-Iaoiae??anueeiai a?aonoaa, caciaaaee ia?ane?aeoaaiue. Ia
aeoeaiooth/e ia iie?oe/i?e neooaoe??, I.Ae?aaiiaiia c aeaeai eiinoaoo?
oie oaeo, ui ia ciaoiaeyoueny a oeae ia??iae ethaee a Oe?a?i?, eio?? a
acyeeny ca iaeaaeo ni?aao iiioey?ecaoe?? oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii?
eoeueoo?e. ?ioaineaia aeaeaiiy ?in?enueeiai oieueeei?o niiioeaei aei
?icaeoeo eiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, noai?aiiy iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa oeio
Iineianueeiai ?noi?e/iiai oiaa?enoaa /e Iineianueeiai oiaa?enoaa
ethaeoae?a neiaaniino?, caaaeyee yeei iiaa/eee na?o ca??ee
Ee?a?anueeiai, Aeaey. Oe?a?inueea ae ia?iaeia oai?/?noue, yea aeeeeeaea
caoiieaiiy ienueiaiiee?a, o/aieo-neiaaniee?a onueiai neia’yinueeiai
na?oo caaaeyee aeaeaiiyi I.Iaeneiiae/a, a oeae ia??iae, ia aeoieo
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, caaoaa?oueny. Ca aeanyoue ?ie?a ?aeeiei oe?eaaei aeaeaiiyi
noaea ca??ea oe?a?inueeeo i?ene?a’?a I.Iiiena, yeo o/aiee
noa?aeoa?ecoaaa ye aaaaoi e?auo, i?ae ca??ea Aeaey.

I.Ae?aaiiaiia, yeee ?icii/aa oieueeei?enoe/io ?iaioo oaeoe/ii o 70-o ??.
O?O no., caiaeii ai?n o ?? ?icaeoie iiaee no?oi?iue “?a?iia?cio”,
?icoe?ea iiea aeine?aeieoeueeeo nooae?e aeaeaei ca iaae? oe?a?inueei?
aoiieoeueoo?e.

Ii??aiyeuei? nooae?? o oieueeei?enoeoe? O?O no. cae?enithaaee aaaaoi
no/aniee?a, iiia?aaeiee?a oa iine?aeiaiee?a I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa-o/aiiai, aea
naia a?i coi?a iaaoo? ciaiiy, aeina?ae, niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae ?noi?e/ieie
i?ioeanaie eoeueoo?e cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo ia?iae?a aeei?enoaoe aeey
aea/aiiy ineoieia?? ??aeiiai ia?iaeo, coi?a aeie?aieoe o eiai oai?/ino?
iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? ?ene, ni?iaiicoaaoe aaiethoe?th aoi?/ii? na?aeiiino?. O
aaaaoueio aeine?aeaeaiiyo I.Ae?aaiiaiia, ye ni?aaaaeeeai cacia/ea aaoi?
i?aoeue “Ia?iaeiciaanoai a ?iaiao” A.Ea/eai, “aoa o/aiei, ui noaa
aeoeaiei o/anieeii ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano; a?i cayaeya, ui
“aie?? nai oai?eoe ?noi??th, i?ae i?i ia? ienaoe””. sse
“?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iee” aecia/aiee aieiaiee ae?aaiiai?anueeee iaoiae o
aeine?aeaeaii? oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?, cie?aia i?naiiino?,
aaoi?ii noaoo? i?i oieueeei?enoe/io niaaeueio I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
oieueeei?enoii N.Ieoaie/ai.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aoiina?aeii?noue oa aoiioa?aeoa?e o
oieueeei?enoe/ieo i?aoeyo I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa” aieiaio oaaao aeena?oaio
cina?aaeaeo? ia ea?aeeiaeueieo i?aoeyo oieueeei?enoa: “Enoi?e/aneea
ianie iaei?onneiai ia?iaea. N iauyniaieyie Ae.Aioiiiae/a e
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa”, “Iia? oe?a?inuee? i?ni? i?i a?iiaaenuee? ni?aae
(1764-1880)”, “Iie?oe/i? i?ni? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo OVIII-XIX no. C
oaaaaie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa”, noaooyo, ?aoeaic?yo, cia/ia /anoeia yeeo
oa?eoea aei “?ica?aeie i?i oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio neiaani?noue ?
ienueiainoai”, cie?aia “Oe?a?ia a ?? neiaaniino?”, “Oe?a?inuee? i?ni?
i?i aieth naeyi”, “Inoaaiiy oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeieo i?naiue”, “Oaoaeueia
aaeiaa (ea?ii-ineoieia?/ia oaia a ia?iaei?e i?ni?)” oa ?i. Aiae?c oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeaeaiue niiioea? aei aeniiaeo, ui o ia?iaei?e iiac??
I.Ae?aaiiaiia ianaiia?aae aaa/aa a?aeia?aaeaiiy ineoieia?? ia?iaeo:
“Oaea ??/, ye iiac?y i?inoiia?iaeia, oa e ienaia, ia aeeaa naia ii nia?,
aac ineoieia?/iiai ??oioo. Eiee iiac?y aeie?a? /e ino?oueny, oi cia/eoue
? uinue o aeoo? ia?iaeo aai noni?eueiino?, ui aie?a? /e ino?oueny, ?
eiee i?e o?i oo?aoa i?/ei ia canooia?oueny, oi na i/aaeaeia noni?eueia
iaaaciaea, peril social, ye eaaeooue o?aioeoce, ? eii/a iio??aii
?icae?aoe ?? iaena?eici?oei /eiii”.

Oe? neiaa yne?aai oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiceoe?th I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa uiaei
e?eoa???a aea/aiiy ia?iaeii? i?naiiino?. Aeina?ae ?noi?eea,
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoey caaaa/o?oueny eiai iiooeaie ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a oa
iniaeeainoae iiaoooaaiiy oieueeei?ii? iiac??. O/aiee iaiaaa?oueny
iiynieoe iiaooia? oa noni?euei? i?e/eie, ye? coiiaeee iiyao oiai /e
?ioiai nthaeaoo, iioeao, ia?aco. Iaei??th c iaeyne?aa?oeo ineoieia?/ieo
i?aoeue oaeiai ieaio ? aeine?aeaeaiiy “Oaoaeueia aaeiaa
(ea?ii-ineoieia?/ia oaia a oe?a?inuee?e ia?iaei?e i?ni?)”, iioae?eiaaia
1888?. (“Eeaaneay noa?eia”, ? 12). Noaooy aeeeeea? ?ioa?an ua e oiio, ui
iaienaia a iaeiiio ?one? c i?aoeyie I.Ai?iaeeianueeiai (“AEaineay aeiey
ii iaei?inneeneei ianiyi. I/a?e ec iaei?onneie iiycee”), I.Iaaeeea
(“Iaaiey aeaiuei”) oa ?.O?aiea (“AE?ii/a iaaiey a ?onueeeo i?niyo
ia?iaeieo”). A oeueiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?i aaiacen aeieeiaiiy nthaeaoo
aaeanoaa /ieia?eii aeanii? ae?oaeeie I.Ae?aaiiaiia, aeneiaethth/e
ia?aeiiaiiy, ui ia?iaeia neiaani?noue ? “iaeiei ?c aeca?eae, eiee ia
iaeaeuei aeca?eaeii ia?iaeii? aeoo?”, aiaeth? aei ?aaeueieo
e?ei?iaeueieo oaeo?a n?iaeieo eiioe?eo?a – iinyaaiiy /ieia?ea-c?aaeieea
ia aeeooy ae?oaeeie c iaiiae eioaiee. Aiae?coth/e aa??aioe nthaeao?a
aaeaaee i?i sseeia, caienaieo ? ss.Aieiaaoeueeei, ?.Iaiaeo?ith,
I.Einoiia?iaei oa ?i., ni?anoaaeyth/e eie?c?? i?ni? c oaeoaie ?aaeueii?
iiaaae?iee ne?eaaeaeaii? /ieia?eii ae?oaeeie, ?? ni?a/oooy aei iueiai,
canoaeaeaiiai ia eaoi?ao, aeine?aeiee iaaieioo? ia “aeeaieo” ?enao
oa?aeoa?o oe?a?inueeiai ae?iioeoaa, iiae?oaei?e a??iino?, oa?iey/ino?,
anai?iuaii? /ieia?eia?-c?aaeieeo. Aeine?aeaeoth/e oeth oa ?ioo aaeaaeo
(“Ie ieoe ae ai??ai/eo”), aeoeaiooth/e ia aiaeia?/iiio iioea? ni?a/oooy
aei canoaeaeaiiai /ieia?ea-e?eaaeieea, ?.O?aiei, eio?ee iiynithaaa
iiae?ai? oaeoe iiaaiei “aeiiii?/iei ii?yaeeii”, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeooiaii? oa o?ce/ii? e?ece a n?iaeieo noinoieao, aeneiaea oe?eaao
aeoieo: “Ioca ia?iaeia aeyaeeoue aeeaoa ? noaeeoue aoiaii?oa, i?ae o/aia
ni?aaaaeeea?noue”.

I.Ae?aaiiaiia, yeee ia ?aii?oaaa nioe?aeuei? e?eoa??? a ?ioeo i?aoeyo, o
cacia/ai?e noaoo? aeyaea naaa ianaiia?aae ye aeine?aeiee-ineoieia,
o?einio-aio?iiieia.

Ioe?ithth/e aianie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeaeaiiy ia?iaeieo
i?naiue ? aeoi, E.A?ooaanueea ienaea: “Oe?a?inoai, ia?iaeiciaanoai,
iaa?oue nioe?ae?ci, — aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeiiai aeeooy e neiaaniino?,
ana na a ioi/aii? Ae?aaiiaiiaa ?ac o ?ac ca’yco?oueny a iaeio nenoaio,
yeo ia?aeiathoue eiai o/i? e i?eoeeueieee”.

A oae?e nenoai? iaienai? i?aoe? “Iie?oe/i? i?ni? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo
OV???-O?O no.” oa “Iia? oe?a?inuee? i?ni? i?i a?iiaaenuee? ni?aae
(1764-1880)”, a yeeo o/aiee noaaeoue caaaeaiiy iiciaeiieoe “oe?ieee
?a?iiaenueeee na?o c oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii”.

Aiae?coth/e oe?a?inueeo ?noi?e/io i?naii?noue ye oe?e?niee i?aai?ci
aeooiaiino? ? a?iiaaeyinueeeo ono?aie?iue iaoe??, o/aiee iaaieioo? ia
aaaeeeaino? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? aeey iaoeiai? ioe?iee ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.
A?aenooi?noue aea?aeaaiino?, ?aeiino? ??cieo aa?noa, aeeaie?
iaoe?iiaeuei? eeania? i?ioe??//y, e, aiaeii/an, aa?i?/i? noi??iee
Caii?icueei? N?/?, iniaeea?noue iiaooo eicae?a oa eicaoeueeeo n?iae
iaeeaee ia oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio oai?/?noue «iaaio aia?a?th”, yea
aeyaey?oueny a on?o ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie ? ?iaeoue iii?oiee aieea ia
oai?/?noue iaeaeeae/eo non?ae?a — a?ei?on?a, ?in?yi, iieye?a oiui. Ia
aeoieo o/aiiai, iai?eeeaae, 2/3 a?ei?onueeeo i?naiue aeecuee? aei
oe?a?inueeeo oaiaoeeith, ia?acaie, iioeaaie, ai oi/ o A?e?e ?on? i?eiee
ia aoei i? eicae?a, i? /oiae?a, o i?naiiino? oeueiai ia?iaeo cono??/a?ii
?o aeoaea /anoi. Ioaea, c iaeiiai aieo, oe?a?inueeee oieueeei?
a?aecia/a?oueny aa?i?/iei eicaoeueeei aeooii, c ?ioiai – e??e/iei
ii/oooyi ae?iioeoaa, yea a on? /ane, e iniaeeai ca eica//eie, ianei
aieiaiee oyaa? iiaooo, aeoiaaiiy ae?oae, ?iaeiaeo o?aaeeoe?e.

I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aeeaiei oaeeth? i?iaeaia i?aeianaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino? an?o aa?noa oe?a?inoaa. A?i iino?eii iaaieioo? ia oac?
A??noioaey, ui «ethaeeia — ca?? a?iiaaenueeee», ia oiio, ui
oe?a?inueea naeyinoai iiaea eeoa oiae? neooaoe i?i oaeo naith aieth ia
Oe?a?i?, i?i oaeo ni?eeo an?o ?? /anoei, i?e ye?e aoaeooue ci?iai? an?
a?iiaaenuee?, no/ani? Ae?aaiiaiiao, ii?yaeee. Aaeaea, ye aeoaea neooii
iaaieiooaaa i?ci?oa A.Eeieinueeee: «Iaoe?y — ?aei?noue aeooiaa —
?iaeeoueny caaaeaee a?ae aea?aeaae — ?aeiino? oa?eoi??aeueii-iie?oe/ii?
— a ia iaaiaee». I?i oe?a?ioe?a, ye? iieieeeny na?aae /ioe?ueio
caa?aaoueo non?ae?a ? «ia iiaee ni?aaeoeny a?ae?aco c ieie on?ia»2,
I.Ae?aaiiaiia aiai?eoue iaeiae ye i?i oe?e?niee i?aai?ci, c o?eueee eiio
i?eoaiaiieie iciaeaie, aea a ? a ye?e neooaoe?? ia iieieeeny eiai
i?aaenoaaieee. Ia aaeeeiio oieueeei?iiio iaoa??ae? i?naiue ??ciiai
ia??iaeo aeine?aeiee ?iaeoue aeniiaee, ui aieaethai? iano?i?,
iaoa?iei?noue aei e??iaoeoaa, aenieoaoaoe?? ?iiae? i?eoiaeyoue a
ia?iaeio i?naii?noue c a??oaie «ienaiieo ethaeae” c ina?/aieo aa?noa.
Caiene oaeeo a??o?a-i?naiue iaaeneeaa, iai?eeeaae, Ae?aaiiaiiao a?ao
Noaiaia ?oaeainueeiai («Aaeeeo ?aae?noue, aaaeio iiaeio c Iaoa?ao?aa
oethoue ia Ae?a?io»). Ae?aaiiaiia a?aeiineoue aei oai??a, ui i?eeoee iae
«ienaiieo ethaeae» a ia?iae, a??o, neeaaeaiee ?aaiii Aei?ioa??aei
(«Aan?aea c naeyiaie — i?aaineaaieie o?enoeyiaie», caien c Aieei? «Ie oe
/i?ia ii?a, i?ine aiaa ca oea?y»). Aiae?coth/e oe? /e ?io? iiae?ai?
oai?e, eio?? iioe?ththoueny na?aae i?inoiai ethaeo ina?/aieie «iiaoaie»,
o/aiee a?aecia/aa ?o /anoo eiii?ii?ni?noue c o?yaeiaeie iinoaiiaaie aai
iecueeo, ii??aiyii c ia?iaeiith, ooaeiaei?noue. Aeniei? ooaeiaeiuei?
aa?oino? aiie iaaoaathoue eeoa i?ney oiai, eiee naia naeyinoai
ia?a?iaey? ?o ca?aeii c? nai?th anoaoeeith. Eeoa ia?ani?aaia
ii-ia?iaeiiio, i?niy noa? aeeae/ith aei i?aaaee, a?eueo ethaenueeith,
iaioa iaa?eueieoeueeith. Ai, ia aeoieo a/aiiai, ienueiaii? ethaee XIX
no., «iaa?oue o?, eio?? aaaeathoue i?aeiyoe oe?a?inueeee ia?iae i?ioe
iaaeieaaeieo ii?yaee?a, oi i?aei?iathoue oie ia?iae ia aeey naiiai eiai;
a aeey Iieueu?, aeey ?in??, aeey Oai?ueie, aeey Aieiueie, Aano??? ?
o.ae.”1.

Ia aeoieo Ae?aaiiaiiaa, oe?a?inueea ?ioae?aaioe?y caeaaia, a iaea?eueo c
OVI aei iieiaeie OVIII no. aoea “iae/eiaia” aei a?eueiiai aoiaeo
ca?oa?aeii? ina?oe, «ienueiaiia ethaei?noue» noaea c??eaoenue nai?o
cae/a?a ? iiae. Naeyinoai ae ?aaii caa??aaei iaoe?iiaeuei? cae/a? oa
o?aaeeoe??, oi/ ia?aaoaaei i?ae ai?oii naiai ? /oaeicaiiiai iainoaa,
ii?eoaaeinue aeaniei ainiiaea?noaii, aaioaaeai oe?ai?iaii? i?aoe?, ? ia
iaei ye aeoiaoe i?i oa, uia caeeanoe ia nai?e caie? a?euei? aea?aeaai?
oa ainiiaea?nuee? ii?yaeee.

Ca I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei, oe?a?inueea iie?oe/ia i?niy ia?o ca ana ?
na?ae/aiiyi iiae?e ?noi???, ea?oei oiai aeeooy, yea inay/aia
eicaoeueeith caeoyaith, ai?ioueaith c iiiaaieaiiyi, yea aieiaiei /eiii
ia?aaeeea ethaei?noue, ui aeeea ?c oe?ai?ianoaa, /oiaoeoaa. O/aiee aoa
ia?aeiiaiee, ui o naeyinueeeo i?niyo iayai? ooaeiaei? aeieoiaioe, a ia
caeeeee aei iie?oe/ii? ai?ioueae, ye? i?eoaiaii? oai?ai ina?/aieo
iiao?a. ? oe? iiaoe/i? aeieoiaioe, noai?ai? ethaeueie, eio?? ia
iaea?aeoaaee ina?oe aeueo oe?e, iathoue /e ia a?eueoa cia/aiiy aeey
?noi???, eoeueoo?e ? aeey oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?
ianooiieo iieie?iue, aeey a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai iiaoe/iiai
aaiioiiaeo, i?ae oai?e aaaaoueio oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, eio?? oi/ ?
«aea/eeenue ia eiooe iae ioaeeoeoaa, iaeaa?oathoueny iae iueiai”2.

I.Ae?aaiiaiia aaaaeaa niaoeeo?eo iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
aoiia?ao?/iith. A?i aaa/aa aaeeeo anoaoe/io ooieoe?th o oieueeei??.

?icaeyaeath/e ia?iaeio e??eeo a?ae Ioea/?anueei? e I?yo?anueei? a
Oai?uei? aei Oe?a?ie Caaeiinueei? ? Eoaainueei?, eeaneo?eoth/e ?? ca
aeai?iaeie ? oaiaoe/ieie iciaeaie, ca ia?niiaaeaie, ye? ao?eththoue
aa?i?eo oiai /e ?ioiai /ano iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa nioe?aeueiiai aecaieaiiy,
I.Ae?aaiiaiia eiinoaooaaa, ui i?niy aeey iaienueiaiii? ethaeeie – ana
iaeii, ui eieaa aeey ienueiaiii?, oa /anii ua aaaeeea?oa, ai aeey oiai,
aae caa??aaoe yeonue iiae?th a iai’yo?, o?aaa aoei, uia aiia /ieia?ea
“aeoaea a?aceea, … uia a?i ?? iai’yoaa, oa ua e ia iaeei /ieia?e, a
oe?e? oeny/?.”).

Cia/iei aianeii a ?noi??th neia’yinueei? oieueeei?enoeee ? aeaeaiiy
“Enoi?e/aneeo ianai iaei?onneiai ia?iaea n iauyniaieyie Ae.Aioiiiae/a e
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa” (1874-1875), i?i aenieo oe?ii?noue yeiai iaiaeii?aciai
ienaee ?noi??ia?aoe o/aieo oa aeine?aeieee ?o iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo.
Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee iaaeaaaa oeueiio c?a?aiith cia/aiiy “iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aaiethoe?eii? iai?oanoaoe??”1. Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e aeaeaiiy,
aiae?c nthaeao?a ?noi?e/ieo i?naiue ? aeoi i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue
ia??iaeo eeoea?nueei? iiac?? a ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o,
iiaoooaaiiy a iueiio iiac?? ia eeoa ia?iaeii?, a e e?oa?aoo?iiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (iai?eeeaae, “Iio?ae Naa?/eianueeiai a Aieiueio” – o
“Caii?iaeneie noa?eia” ?.N?aciaanueeiai, “Aoa/a eicaoeueeiai noaeia c
oo?aoeueeei”, “Enoi?e/aneea ianie” I.Iaeneiiae/a oiui). C?noaaeaiiy
?noi?e/ieo iiae?e c ?o i?naiiith o?ainoi?iaoe??th (ye, iai?eeeaae, o
aeine?aeaeaii? “I?ni? i?i Aaeaeo”) aeaee i?aenoaae oii?yaeieeai
aeneiaeoe a?iioaco i?i oa, ui i?iia?acii aa?iy oe??? aaeaaee ? ia
Ae.Aeoiaaaoeueeee, a eiycue N.Ei?aoeueeee. a oe?a?inuee?e iia? “aaeaea”-
oea “eaaea?”, “aoeuea?na”. Ci?no i?ni? ia a?aeiia?aea? iiae?ai?e
aoeiieia??. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? oii?yaeieee aeioiaeyoue aeniiaeo i?i
ia?aaeoaaiiy oe?e aaeaae? i?ni?-eacee i?i Aaeaeo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo aeaiaio?a oa ?? ooaeiaeiuei? o?ainoi?iaoe?? o
ia?iaei?e i?naiiino?; aeyaeaiiy aaiace ia?ac?a o oiio /e ?ioiio
nthaeao?, aeiaaaeaiiy iayaiino? a ?noi?e/iiio aiin? oaeueneo?eao?a,
iaioiaa?o?ni?oeeo, i?ae ia?iaei?, ia??oiooaaiiy eeoea?nueeiai ia??iaeo a
aaiethoe?? oieueeei?ii? i?naiiino? – ona oea cana?ae/o? aaeeea cia/aiiy
oeueiai aeaeaiiy aeey oe?a?inueei? iaoee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “I.Ae?aaiiaiia – oii?yaeiee oa aeine?aeiee
ia?iaeii? i?ice” eaeaoueny i?i aianie o/aiiai o aea/aiiy i?iciaeo
aeai??a oieueeei?o. O oaeeo i?aoeyo, ye “Aaeea Aiaaeaia
Oiaeueieoeueeiai”, “Neia’yinuee? aa??aioe iaeii? ?aaiaaeuenueei?
eaaaiaee”, “Neia’yinuee? iiia?aeaiiy i?i iiaea?oaoaaiiy aeanii?
aeeoeie”, “Ei?aeae?y-caio?ca”, “Oo?aoeuee? aiaeaeioe a oe?a?inuee?e
ia?iaei?e neiaaniino?” oa ?ioeo, eiai iaoeia? niinoa?aaeaiiy “oeyo?a”
i?a?aoe?? oieueeei?ieo ?noi?e/ieo oa i?oieia?/ieo iioea?a iathoue
cia/aiiy aeey ?icoi?iiy ?noi?e/ieo caeiiii??iinoae aaiethoe??
oieueeei?ieo aeai??a oa oeyo?a ? iniaeeainoae anei?eyoe?? c aoi?/iei
oieueeei?ii ?iiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a. Aei aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ice
o/aiiai niiioeaea eiai ae i?aoey iaae noai?aiiyi ca??ieea “Iaei?onneea
ia?iaeiua i?aaeaiey e ?anneacu”, yeee aeeoia ae?oeii o Ee?a? 1876 ?ieo
ye iaeia ?c aaaiieo aeaeaiue ae?oai? iieiaeie O?Ono.

Ca??iee aoa oi?aa?naeueiei ei?ionii ia?iaeii? i?ice a aaaaoueio ??
??ciiaeaeao. Nthaee aa?eoee ia?aeace, eaaaiaee, iiia?ae?, aiaeaeioe,
i?eeiaoe, iia??’y, caiiaeyiiy, iieeoae, ia?iae??, a??oaaiiy,
aeaiiiieia?/i? iiia?aeaiiy, iiia?ae? i?i nea?ae, in?a oea?eiaieo,
aiie?eo?/i? eaaaiaee ? ia?aeace, ?noi?e/i? niiaaaee, aeeeie, eacee
/a??ai? oa eacee i?i oaa?ei, nioe?aeueii-iiaooia?, a?a ne?a, aeioaie
oiui.

O ia?aaeiia? aei iueiai oii?yaeiee cacia/aa, ui a?i aeei?enoaa
iaoa??aee, eio?? iaae?eoee a?ae ??cieo in?a o I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiee
a?aeae?e ?in?enueeiai aaia?ao?/iiai oiaa?enoaa oa eiio iniaenoi.
Iniaeeao iiaeyeo I.Ae?aaiiaiia neeaaeaa ienueiaiieeai ?.Iaiaeo??,
N.?oaeainueeiio, oieueeei?enoo sse.Iiaeoeueeiio, ooaeiaeieeo I.Io?aoeo,
a oaeiae ?.?oae/aieo, Ie.Eiia/aanueeiio, ye? ia?aaeaee cioeoe ?c
caienaie ia?iaeii? i?ice ??cieo in?a.

Aei ca??ieea oa?eoee iaoa??aee aeaeaiue aaeeoeueeeo, ye? ia oie /an ia
caaaeaee aoee aeinooiieie oe?ieiio caaaeo, ? iaeaea on? oai?e eieae
?aiao?y c Ieeeiae/ («Eacee. C?a?aa ?aiao?e c Ieeeiae/” (Euea?a, 1861)).
M.Ae?aaiiaiia o nenoaio ca??ieea ia?aiineoue aeina?ae oeeaaeaiiy
?noi?e/ieo i?naiue, ie?aieie ?icae?eaie aeae?ey? iiia?ae? ca oaiaoeeith,
caa?oath/e iaioa oaaae ia aeai?iao eeaneo?eaoe?th.

I?aoey I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa iaae “Iaei?onneeie ia?iaeiuie i?aaeaieyie e
?anneacaie” iieyaaea o oaiaoe/i?e nenoaiaoecaoe?? iaoa??aeo, ? oeae
i?eioeei, yeee aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaany ?ioeie oieueeei?enoaie, ia
ao?aoea naiai cia/aiiy ? nueiaiaei?. Ae?aaiiaiia ienaa o “Ia?aaeiia?…”,
ui aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue aeaeaaaoe ia?iaeio i?ico a nenoai?, ? aei oiai
ae o oae?e, yea aeaaaea a ciiao /?oe?oa aa/eoe a?aeia?aaeaiiy ieioeiai ?
oaia??oiueiai ia?iaeiiai aeeooy a iai’yoeao ia?iaeiiai neiaa. Iaea?eueo
aeioe?eueiith nenoaiith o/aiee aaaaeaa oaeo, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea
i?e?iaeiiio iiae?eo oeeo iai’yoie ? i?e?iaeiiio ?iciiae?eo ia?iaeiiai
aeeooy oa ia?iaeiiai na?oiaa/aiiy.

Aeey I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aieiaia o no?oeoo?? aeaeaiiy — a?aeia?aceoe
iniaeeaino? noaaeaiiy ethaeeie aei iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo. Aiioeaiaoth/e
?ici?uaiiy iaoa??aeo o eiec?, a?i iino?eii aiaeth? aei ca??ieea
«?noi?e/i? i?ni?…». Ci?no ia?oiai-aeanyoiai ?icae?eo «Iaei?onneeo
ia?iaeiuo i?aaeaiee e ?anneacia», ia aeoieo naiiai oii?yaeieea, ioiieth?
iaoa??aee «Ia?iaeii?» iaoee, ciaiue ? iiiyoue, ?iiae? ae?aaeaieo o
«ooaeiaei?e iai?aoaioanoe/i?e oi?i?».

Oaeoe/ii ?ice?eaath/e ineoieia?th ia?iaeo o i?ic?, aaoi? ia?aaeiiae nia?
noia?a/eoue, cacia/ath/e, i?ae «iaoa??ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ineoieia??
ia?iaeii? ia ciaeoia i?noey o ca??ieeo», ai ?iaeea?aeoaeueia
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa?aeoa??a, ineoieia?? iiaeeeaa eeoa /a?ac i?nith, yea
?aeeia ? aeyaii ii/oooy aeeiiaaoey. M.Ae?aaiiaiia iaaieioo?, ui
aaaaoueii i?iciaei oai?ai i?eoaiaiia aeecuee?noue aei nthaeao?a ?ioeo
no?aeieo ? cao?aeieo ia?iae?a. Ia?iaei? eacee, ca?oiiaai? o O???
?icae?e?, a?i aaaaea? ia /ei ?ioei, ye «ia?iaeiei ienoaoeoaii», iiaeaiei
?c iaoith aeeeth/ii anoaoe/iith.

Ca oa?aeoa?ii iiia?ae? aeecuee? aei eacie ? oai?e XII ?icae?eo. Cia/iith
i??ith aiie iaeaaeaoue aei «ia?ao?aeieo» iia?noae.

Oe?eaa? niinoa?aaeaiiy aeneiaeth? oii?yaeiee i?i ?aa?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? i?ice: «Oae c e?aiai aa?aaa Aei?i?a,
iniaeeai o i?aaeaii?e /anoei? (Oa?e?aueia ? Eaoa?eiineaaueia), caienai?
o? ia?aeace e a??oaaiiy (ye, iai?eeeaae, i?i /ae, othothi, ea?inei), ye?
iaea?eueoa i?aeoiaeyoue aei aaeeei?onueeeo ?iceieueieoeueeeo oyaeaiue.
Iaaiaee, i?aaiaa?aaei? iiia?ae? i?iieeioo? aeooii neaioeoeecio oa
aoii?ii»….

O nai?e ?aoeaic?? ia ca??iee I.Aanaeianueeee iacaaa aeaeaiiy
“Iaei?onneea ia?iaeiua i?aaeaiey e ?anneacu” i?ae?aniei ? aeneiaea
aeoieo, ui eiaeia ina?/aia ethaeeia eiai aaea i?eaeaaea. Iniaeeai aeniei
ioe?iea aeaeaoiee o/aiee aaeeoeuee? eacee ?aiao?y c Ieeeiae/.

I?ioa I.Einoiia?ia a iaeiieiaii?e c? ca??ieeii ?aoeaic?? cacia/aa, ui
?ici?uaiiy iaoa??ae?a o aeaeaii? aeineoue aeeaia ? ia cian?i c?icoi?ea.
Aiae?coth/e c?a?aiiy ia?iaeii? i?ice, aeaeaii? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei, a?i
iino?eii caa?oa?oueny aei ?noi?e/ieo iiae?e, ii??aithth/e ?o c
oaioanoe/ieie iiia?aeaiiyie oa eaaaiaeaie ca??ieea.

Caaaeii iioae?eiaai? ?aoeaic?? ia aeaeaiiy aeathoue aenieo ioe?ieo oe?e
eieaeoe?.

Ni?aaae?, ia?oa aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeieo eacie «Ia?iaeiua
thaeii?onneea neacee» aoei cae?eniaia ?.?oae/aieii o 1869 ?ioe?, ae?oaa
— o 1870 ?ioe?. C 1872 ?ieo ii 1874 aeoiaeyoue «O?oaeu
aoiia?aoe/anei-noaoenoe/aneie yeniaaeeoeee ?onneiai aaia?aoe/aneiai
iauanoaa» I.*oaeinueeiai. Ooaee aa?eoee ??ci? i?icia? aeai?e ia?iaeii?
oai?/ino?. 70-o? ?iee XIX no. a?aecia/athoueny aeaeaiiyi eacie, eaaaiae,
aiaeaeio?a, caaaaeie ?.Iaiaeo?ith. Naia oiio iineeaiiy ia eiie?aoieo
caienoaa/?a, ?aa?iie, nenoaiaoecaoe?th iaoa??ae?a, cae?eniaia
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei, aoei aeey oiai/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo
yaeuai iai?aeeia?iei.

Ca??iee I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aea? oyaeaiiy i?i ??ci? oi?ie i?iciai? oai?/ino?,
na?ae/eoue i?i aaeeea anoaoe/ia a?ae/oooy eiai oii?yaeieea. A?i aoaeeoue
?ioa?an aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a-o?eieia?a, o?einio?a, ?noi?ee?a.

O Aeniiaeao o oi?i? i?aenoieiaeo iieiaeaiue neioaciaaii ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeniei ioe?ithth/e niiaeaeaeieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue
I.Iaeneiiae/a, I.Aiaeyinueeiai, I.Ia?eiae/a, I.Iiiena,
I.Oeoaoeueeiai-?ee?/a, I.Eoe?oa oa ?ioeo iniiaiiieiaeiee?a oe?a?inueei?
oieueeei?enoeee, aeena?oaio aeneiaeth? aeoieo, ui o ae?oa?e iieiaei? O?O
no. a?o/eciyia ia?iaeiciaa/a oeiea c?iaeea iii?oiee e?ie o iai?yi?
oai?aoe/iiai inieneaiiy c?a?aiiai oieueeei?iiai iaoa??aeo, caii/aoeoaaea
iia? i?eioeeie aeaeaiiy ia?iaeiiiiaoe/ieo ca??iee?a oa aaaaoioiiieo
c?a?aiue ca aeai?iai-oaiaoe/ieie iciaeaie, noaea ia oeyo iiooe?a iiaeo
iaoiae?a aea/aiiy ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? a eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueeeo
oai?aoe/ieo oe?e – i?oieia?/ii?, i?a?aoe?eii?, ?noi?e/ii?,
ineoieia?/ii?, eiiia?aoea?nonueei?. C ?iaiaie I.Iioaai?, I.Einoiia?iaa,
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, A.Aioiiiae/a, ?.O?aiea, I.Noioeiaa, I.AEeoaoeueeiai,
A.Aiaothea anioe?th?oueny aaeeea aeine?aeieoeueea i?aoey, a?aeiia
anueiio no?aeiiio neia’yinoao. Iniaeeaa i?noea iaeaaeeoue
I.Ae?aaiiaiiao, eio?ee, ca aeneiaii ?.O?aiea, “aoaea aeiaai ua noie?iiyi
iaoi? iaoe??”. Aiae?c oieueeei?enoe/iiai aei?iaeo aeaeaoiiai o/aiiai,
iaoa??ae?a eiai ai?noiey???, cie?aia eenooaaiiy c ?.O?aieii, I.Iaaeeeii,
I.Ao/einueeei oa ?ioeie ni?aoieeaie niiaeaeaeieoeueei? ia?iaeiciaa/i?
aeoiee, ia?aeiiothoue o oiio, ui, ia?aaaaeii i?aoethth/e o ?one?
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai iai?yio, I.Ae?aaiiaiia cae?eniea aeeaieee
ineoieia?/iee aiae?c aoiioa?aeoa??a oa aoiina?aeiiino?, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i caii/aoeoaaiiy iei a Oe?a?i? i?eioeei?a o?einionueei? aio?iiieia??.
Oaco I.Aiaeyinueeiai i?i ienoaoeoai – “iiac?y aecia/a?oueny ?noi???th
ia?iaeo” – I.Ae?aaiiaiia aeiiiaith? aeniiaeii: ia?iaeia neiaani?noue ?
“iaeae?aci?oei aeca?eaeii ia?iaeii? aeoo?”, ? “aieiaio aa?o?noue i?naiue
/eiyoue aaaaonoai oa ae?aci?noue ineoieia?/iiai aiae?co”.

?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/i?, aaiaoe/i?, ii??aiyeuei?, ineoieia?/i? oi?ie
aeine?aeaeaiiy o/aiei ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeooaeuei?
aeey no/anii? oieueeei?enoeee iiaeyaee ia oai??th caeii?a “ieanoe/ii?
neee” ? “aeai?iai? iai’yo?”, ye? iieyaathoue o i?enoinoaaii?
o?aaeeoe?eieo oi?i aei oiia iiaiai nioe?aeueiiai oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai
na?aaeiaeua, iiaoe/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo.

Naia ineoieia?/iee aiae?c ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? a eiioaeno? ?noi?e/ieo
?aae?e coiiaea iaoeiaa a?aee?eooy I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei naiiaooiino?
oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?e/iiai aiino, aaiethoe?eieo i?ioean?a iaoe?iiaeueii?
na?aeiiino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Iaoiianueea I.A. Oe?a?inuee? iie?oe/i? i?ni? a ioe?ioe? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
// A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.
Iiaiciaanoai. Oieueeei?enoeea. Aei.1. – E., 1993. – N.180-185.

Iaoiianueea I.A. Ia?iaeia i?ica o aeaeaii? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa // E?oa?aoo?a.
Oieueeei?. I?iaeaie iiaoeee. Ca.iaoe.i?aoeue. Aei.1. – E., 1994. –
N.87-90.

Iaoiianueea I. Aei ?noi??? aeaeaiiy “?ica?aeie Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa i?i
oe?a?inueeo neiaani?noue ? ienueiainoai”. // E?oa?aoo?a. Oieueeei?.
I?iaeaie iiaoeee. Ca.iaoe.i?aoeue. Aei.2. – E., 1995. – N.87-90.

Iaoiianueea I. I?eia A. Oieueeei?ii-aoiia?ao?/ia ae?yeuei?noue Iaaea
*oaeinueeiai a ioe?ioe? Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa // E?oa?aoo?a. Oieueeei?.
I?iaeaie iiaoeee. Ca.iaoe.i?aoeue. Aei.3. – E., 1995. – N.40-42.

Iaoiianueea I.A. Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia ye iaeei ?c iniiaiiieiaeiee?a
oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee // No/ani? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oieueeei?o oa
e?oa?aoo?e o aeueo oa na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao. –
Iae?oiiieue-Ee?a, 1996. – N.84-85.

Iaoiianueea I.A. ?noi?e/i? eaaaiaee oa ia?aeace a “Iaei?onneeo ia?iaeiuo
i?aaeaieyo e ?anneacao” I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa // E?oa?aoo?a. Oieueeei?.
I?iaeaie iiaoeee. Ca.iaoe.i?aoeue. Aei.4. – E., 1996. – N.107-111.

Iaoiianueea I.A. I.Ae?aaiiaiia i?i iaoe?iiaeueio na?aeii?noue oa
iaoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?e oe?a?inueei? i?naiiino? // E?oa?aoo?a.
Oieueeei?. I?iaeaie iiaoeee. Ca.iaoe.i?aoeue. Aei.5. – E., 1997. –
N.130-135.

Iaoiianueea I. Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia i?ica na?aaeeie O?O c iiaeyaeo
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa // Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a a ?iaiao ? aeine?aeaeaiiyo.
Iaoe.cai.??aiainueeiai aea?ae. ?i-oo eoeueoo?e. Aei.3. – ??aia, 1998. –
N.97-100.

Aiioaoe?y

Iaoiianueea I.A. Oieueeei?enoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.07 – oieueeei?enoeea. – Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith iaoeiai? niaaeueie aecia/iiai
oieueeei?enoa, ?noi?eea, e?oa?aoo?iciaaoey, ioae?oeenoa Ieoaeea
Ae?aaiiaiiaa. A i?e aia?oa ??oioiaii i?iaiae?ciaaii oieueeei?enoe/i?
i?aoe? o/aiiai, c’yniaaia ?o cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo oieueeei?iciaanoaa.

A aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeyaeathoueny oieueeei?i? aeaeaiiy oa iaoeia?
nooae?? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee i?aeoe/ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean i?e aea/aii? ?noi??ia?ao?? ? oai??? oieueeei?o,
?noi??? e?oa?aoo?e oa oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oieueeei?, oieueeei?enoe/ia niaaeueia, iaoeia? iaoiaee,
ia?iaeia i?naii?noue, ia?iaeia i?ica, aoi?/i? oa?aeoa?e, aoi?/ia
na?aeii?noue.

Annotation

Naumovska O.V. Folklore researches of Mychailo Dragomanov. – Manuscript.

Dissertation to obtain candidate degree of philological sciences on
speciality 10.01.07. – Folklore Study. – Kyiv Taras Shevchenko
University, Kyiv, 1999.

The Dissertation is devoted to the research of scientific heritage of
outstanding specialist in folklore and literature, historian and
publiccist Mychailo Dragomanov. For the first time analysed the
scientists folklore works determined their importance for the folk-lore
science.

The folklore publications and scientific studies are examined in the
research work.

The main results of researches found their practical implementation in
educational process when studying historiographies and folklore
theories, history of literature and Ukrainian culture.

Key — words: folklore, folklore heritage, scientific methods, folk
songs, folk prose, ethnic characters, ethnic cognition.

Aiiioaoeey

Iaoiianeay I.A. Oieueeei?enoe/aneia ianeaaeea Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.07 – oieueeei?enoeea. – Eeaaneee
oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth iao/iie aeayoaeueiinoe e
oieueeei?enoe/aneiai ianeaaeey I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, iaeiiai ec iaeaieaa
ecaanoiuo a Aa?iia o/aiuo ?? iie. O?O no. – oieueeei?enoa, enoi?eea,
eeoa?aoo?iaaaea, ioaeeoeenoa.

Ia iaoa?eaeao ecaeaiee, iiaeaioiaeaiiuo I.Ae?aaiiaiiaui, aai noaoae,
iiiia?aoee, yienoiey?ee aeenna?oaioii oaeoe/anee aini?iecaaaeai ia?ac
iaooiieiiai o?oaeaieea, /aeiaaea iao/iiai ie?iaicc?aiey aa?iiaeneiai
o?iaiy, iueeiai iao?eioa, ecaanoiaeoaai aeayoaey, /uee iao/iua ioe?uoey
a iaeanoe ia?iaeiie neiaaniinoe auniei ioeaiaiu a nia?aiaiiie
oieueeei?enoeea.

Aiaeec iao/iuo ?aaio I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iiauo iaoiaeao
a iaoea i ia?iaeiii oai?/anoaa a ia?eiae ?? iieiaeiu O?O no.

Eniieuecoy iiuo o/aiuo ia?aie iieiaeiu O?O aaea – A.Iaeneiiae/a,
A.Aiaeyineiai, A.Ia?eiae/a, A.Oeoaoeeiai-Eeuee/a, I.Eoeeoa,
I.Einoiia?iaa – enneaaeiaaiey oai?/anoaa ia?iaea a eiioaenoa
enoi?e/aneie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, yoiia?aoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae,
I.Ae?aaiiaiia ia?auaaony e e n?aaieoaeueiui iaoiaeai eco/aiey ianaiiuo e
i?icae/aneeo aeai?ia, ?anniao?eaaao aaiaoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe ia?iaeiie
iaiyoe, ineoieiaeth ioaeaeueiuo ee/iinoae e yoiina a oeaeii.

Iueeee iao?eio ?iaeiiai ia?iaea, iaooiieiue i?iiaaaiaeeno aai
eoeueoo?u, ii noae aeooiaiui, iao/iui e eaeaeiui eeaea?ii oe?aeineie
o/aiie iauanoaaiiinoe. Eiaiii ?aaiou I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, aai aiaeec
ia?iaeiie iiycee iiaeoaa?aeaeatho ioe?uoue A.Aanaeianeei caeii
“ieanoe/aneie neeu” oieueeei?a, aeatho iiiai iaoa?eaea aeey
oi?ioee?iaee oai?aoe/aneiai i?eioeeia “aeai?iaie iaiyoe”.

Aai iao/iia ioe?uoea i nouanoaiaaiee “?uoea?neie iiycee” a oe?aeineii
ia?iaeiii oai?/anoaa, y?eia eeethno?e?iaaiea yoiai iieiaeaiey ianaiiui
iaoa?eaeii, iieo/eaoaa aunieoth ioeaieo aai iineaaeiaaoaeyie
A.A?ooaaneie e I.A?ooaaneei, eiaao aaaeiia cia/aiea aeey iiieiaiey
enoi?e/aneeo eoeueoo?iuo i?ioeannia, aaiaoe/aneie iaiyoe oe?aeineiai
ia?iaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oieueeei?, oieueeei?enoe/aneia ianeaaeea, iao/iua
iaoiaeu, ia?iaeiay ianaiiinoue, ia?iaeiay i?ica, yoie/aneea oa?aeoa?u,
yoie/aneia niciaiea.

I?uoe ?.N. A?ae ?aaeaeoi?a // Oo?eoe aei iaoeiaiai ii?o?aoa Ieoaeea
Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – E., 1991. – N.4.

Aeea.: Naa/aiei N. ?onneay ia?iaeiay neacea. Enoi?ey niae?aiey e
eco/aiey. – E., 1914. – N.12.

Aeea.: Iaoiianueea I. Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia i?ica na?aaeeie O?O no. c
iiaeyaeo I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa // Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a a ?iaiao ?
aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Iaoe. caienee ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo
eoeueoo?e. Aei.???. – ??aia, 1998. – No.97-98.

?ica?aeea I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa i?i oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio neiaani?noue ?
ienueiainoai. Ceaaeea I.Iaaeee – O Eueaia?. O.???. – N.339.

A.Ea/eai. “Nioai?aiee ia aeooiaiiai i?ia?aeieea aaeeei? iaoe??…”
(i?aoey Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia oe?a?inueeiio iie?) // Oe?a?inueea
ia?iaeiciaanoai a ?iaiao. – E., 1994. – N.99.

N.Ieoaie/. oieueeei?enoe/ia niaaeueia I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa o na?oe?
aeooaeueieo caaaeaiue oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiciaanoaa // Oo?eoe aei
iaoeiaiai ii?o?aoa Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – E., 1999. – N.119.

Ae?aaiiaiia I. Inoaaiiy oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeieo i?naiue // ?ica?aeee
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa i?i oe?a?inueeo ia?iaeio neiaani?noue ? ienueiainoai. –
O.??, Euea?a, 1900.

O?aiei ?. AE?ii/a iaaiey a ?onueeeo i?niyo ia?iaeieo // ?.O?aiei.
Oai?e. A 50-oe o-o., O.26. – E., 1980. – N.237.

A?ooaanueea E. Cae?aiiy ? aeeiiaiiy aeoi a O?O ? a ii/aoeao OO a?eo //
Oe?a?inuee? ia?iaei? aeoie.– Oa?e?a.1927.O.?.–N. CIV

Eeieinueeee A. Oai ? ssoao//No/ani?noue. E?oa?aoo?a, ienoaoeoai,
noni?eueia aeeooy. 1992. N.63.

2 Ae?aaiiaiia I. Iie?oe/i? i?ni? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. AEaiaaa, 1883. –
N.165.

1 Oai aea.

2 Ae?aaiiaiia I. Iia? oe?a?inuee? i?ni? i?i a?iiaaenuee? ni?aae
(1764-1880). AEaiaaa, 1881. – N.460.

1 A?ooaanueeee I. I’yoaeanyo e?o “Enoi?e/aneeo ianai iaei?onneiai
ia?iaea” Aioiiiae/a ? Ae?aaiiaiiaa // Oe?a?ia. – E, 1924. – Ei. 1-2. N.
102

Ae?aaiiaiia I.I. I?aaeeneiaea. Caia/aiea i nenoaiaoe/aneii ecaeaiee
i?iecaaaeaiee iaei?onneie ia?iaeiie neiaaniinoe // Iaei?onneea ia?iaeiua
i?aaeaiey e ?anneacu: Naiae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. — E., 1876. — No. XXI.

Oai aea.

Ae?aaiiaiia M. I?aaeeneiaea//Iaei?onneea ia?iaeiua i?aaeaiey e
?anneacu. No.OO??.

Ae?aaiiaiia M. I?aaeeneiaea… No. XXIV.

Aeea.: Aanaeianueeee I. Iaei?onneea ia?iaeiua i?aaeaiey e
iiaa?uey/Naiae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. Ecae.THai-Caiaaeiiai ioaeaea e ?AI, E.,
1876//Ae?aaiyy e iiaay ?inney: Aaeaiany/iue enoi?e/aneee
eeethno?e?iaaiiue nai?iee.—1877.—N»2.— N.205-2?1.

Einoiia?ia M. Iaei?onneea ia?iaeiua i?aaeaiey e ?anneacu //?onneee
oeeieiae/aneee aanoiee: O/aiue aeo?iae.-1879.— ?1.—N.115.

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