6

EUeA?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss AAOA?EIA?II?

IAAeEOeEIE ?iai? N.C.YAEEOeUeEIAI

A ? E A I * O E

? i i a i A a n e e ue i a e /

OAeE: 636:612.015:637.12.04:636.2

O?C?IEIAI-A?IO?I?*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA I?AAI?CIO

EI??A OA ?O OAEssO ? AAOA?EIA?II-NAI?OA?IA IOe?IEA

IIEIEA CA I?E?IAEAIAIOII? EI?AEOe?? ?AOe?IIO

16.00.06 – aaoa?eia?ia nai?oa??y oa a?a??ia

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C.Yaeeoeueeiai I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: — aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai.-ei?.
OAAI,

aeaaeai?e AI AO Oe?a?ie,
caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ?

oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie E?aaoe?a
?iiai Eineiiae/,

Euea?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie

?iai? N.C. Yaeeoeueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaoa?eia?ii-

nai?oa?ii? ? ?aae?ieia?/ii? aenia?oece, ?aeoi?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caneoaeaiee i?a-

oe?aiee ia?iaeii? ina?oe Oe?a?ie
Aa?aca ?aai A?eai?iae/,

Euea?anueea aea?aeaaia
aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie

?iai? N.C. Yaeeoeueeiai,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? i’yna

? i’ynieo ae?ia?a;

— aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, aeioeaio sseoa/ae Ieueaa

Ieeiea?aia, A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee

oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii?

aenia?oece ? iaoieia?/ii? aiaoii??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
aaoa?eia?ii-

nai?oa?ii? aenia?oece ? iaoaiaoii??,
i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “2“ a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.826.01 i?e Euea?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e
aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. Yaeeoeueeiai ca aae?anith:
290010, i.Euea?a-10, aoe. Iaea?nueea, 50, aoae. ?1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C.Yaeeoeueeiai ca
aae?anith: 290010, i.Euea?a-10, aoe. Iaea?nueea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 “ aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Aieiaa/ I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/ania n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea iaoea ? i?aeoeea
iathoue ?yae aaaeeeaeo caaaeaiue, a?ae oni?oiiai ae??oaiiy yeeo
caeaaeeoue aeiiii?/ia iiaooi?noue aea?aeaae oa aeia?iaoo ?? ia?iaeo.
Iaeiei ?c iniiaieo caaaeaiue nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ?
i?enei?aiiy oaii?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa aeey caaacia/aiiy
ianaeaiiy iiaiioe?iiith ca an?ia o?ceei-o?i?/ieie iieacieeaie
i?iaeoeoe??th, na?aae yei? /?eueia i?noea caeia? iieiei. O ae??oaii?
oe??? i?iaeaie oa ca?eueoaii? ae?iaieoeoaa aeaiiai i?iaeoeoo oa?/oaaiiy,
aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a? aoaeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? iai?aaeai? ia
aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?i aiae?ae? ? oiia oo?eiaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oaa?ei (Aiaaeaiia A.I. oa ?i., 1986; Niieyi?iia A.A. oa ?i., 1990;
Oaeeia A.I. oa ?i., 1992; Coaaoeue I.A., 1996; Aeai/oe I.A. oa ?i.,
1996; Noiey?/oe I.C. oa ?i., 1998) oa aea/aiiy ?yaeo
o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a a ?o i?aai?ci? (Iaeo?e O.TH., 1983;
Noiyiianueeee N.A., 1985; Aa?aneiaiei A.A., 1987; Eaaiaethe I.C., 1991;
Aa?aca ?.A., 1991; Eiiiinueeee I.?., 1994; Oaae?e A.ss., 1995; E?aaoe?a
?.E., 1996-1998; Eeciaoa I.?. oa ?i., 1997).

Iniiaiith oiiaith ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea, c?inoaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino? aaeoc?,
iiaeiii noaoe i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a oa iie?auaiiy
aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo iieaciee?a yeino? oeueiai oe?iiiai i?iaeoeoo
oa?/oaaiiy (AEeoaiei I.A. oa ?i., 1989; Iaea?ia A.A. oa ?i., 1991;
Oiiaiei A.?., 1995; sseoa/ae I.I., 1996). Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo oaeoi??a
oaeiai ?inoo ? iiaiioe?iia aiae?aey. ?? i?aai?caoe?y iiaeeeaa o?eueee ia
iniia? ciaiue i?i iio?aao oaa?ei o an?o aeaiaioao aeeaeaiiy. Iiaia
caaacia/aiiy oaa?ei iiaeeaieie oa a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie, a
oiio /ene? i?e?iaeaiaioaie, iaoiiaeth? a?aeiia?aeiee ??aaiue iai?io
?a/iaei oa aia?a??. Anoaiiaeaii o?niee ca’ycie i?e?iaeaiaio?a c a?eeaie,
aieea ia i?ioeane ?inoo ? ?iciiiaeaiiy oaa?ei, oeaieiiiai aeeoaiiy ?
aioo??oiueiee?oeiiiai iai?io, a oaeiae ia oae? ooieoe??, ye
e?iaioai?aiiy, iieieiooai?aiiy oa ?io?. Iacaaeainiaai?noue ?aoe?ii?a ca
ai?noii i?e?iaeaiaio?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io,
ui ? iniiaiith i?e/eiith ? noa?oiaei iaoai?ciii aeieeiaiiy aaaaoueio
caoai?thaaiue, ye?, a naith /a?ao, aieeaathoue ia a?aeiia?aeiee ??aaiue
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa a?ieia?/io iiaiioe?ii?noue i?iaeoeoe??. Caaacia/eoe
iio?aao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei ?, cie?aia, eaeooth/eo ei??a o
i?e?iaeaiaioao ca ?aooiie ei?i?a ia caaaeaee ? iiaeeeaei, iniaeeai o
cao?aeieo iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie, aea a?oioe, aiaea, ei?ie cia/ii a?aei?o? ia
ai?no oeo /e ?ioeo i?e?iaeaiaio?a, i?ae a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao (I?oeee A.TH.,
1965; Noaeaeia I.A., 1978; Iaiiaa N.A., 1980; E?aaoe?a ?.E. oa ?i.,
1997). Ei?aeoe?y i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy oaa?ei ii?iae?co?
i?ia?aeueiee iai?i a ?o i?aai?ci?, ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oa yeino? i?iaeoeoe?? (Concollon-Martinez A., 1982; Aiiei A.N., 1985;
Inra S., 1992; E?aaoe?a ?.E., 1992, 1996; Aaa?eeaiei I., 1998).

Ioaea, i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue naia a oaeiio iai?yieo (i?aeaiae?aey
eaeooth/eo ei??a noi?oaie aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a a iioeiaeueieo
aeicao, o ??ciiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? oa oi?i?) aeicaieeoue aeeaoa aea/eoe
i?ioeane iai?io ?a/iaei a i?aai?ci? ei??a i?ioyaii eaeoiaaiaco oa
nooinoith, aieea i?e?iaeiaaaie ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa
aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i? iieacieee yeino? iaea?aeaiiai i?e oeueiio iieiea.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? ?icae?eii eiiieaenii? oaie eaoaae?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? ?
?aae?ieia?/ii? aenia?oece Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. aeeoeueeiai (iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 01.01 “?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie aeei?enoaiiy
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei i?e ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
yeiae/eie, i’yna ioeoe? ? iieiea”).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei aea/eoe ie?ai? eaiee
a?eeiaiai, aoaeaaiaeiiai ? i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io a i?aai?ci? ei??a i?ae
/an eaeoaoe?? oa nooinoith i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ?oiueiai ?aoe?iio
aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae?, ia?aaioeth), i?iaanoe aiae?c
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?ic?iaeoe noaie canoinoaaiiy i?e?iaeiaaaie c
iaoith iie?auaiiy aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo iieaciee?a yeino? oa
a?ieia?/ii? iiaiioe?iiino? iieiea aeey ie?aii acyoi? a?iaaio?i?/ii?
ciie. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey aeinyaiaiiy
aeua iaaaaeaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy: aecia/eoe ai?no
i?e?iaeaiaio?a o aiae? oa ei?iao, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny o aiae?ae?
ei??a i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? oa nooinoith; aecia/eoe ??aaiue cae?ca, i?ae?
oa ia?aaioeth o e?ia? oa iieioe? ei??a i?e aeiaeaoeiaiio ?o aianaii? aei
?aoe?iio; aeine?aeeoe aeaye? iieacieee a?eeiaiai, aoaeaaiaeiiai,
i?ia?aeueiiai iai?i?a oa aeoeai?noue ie?aieo oa?iaio?a e?ia? a ia??iae
eaeoiaaiaco ? nooinoith i?ae ae??th niieoe cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth;
aea/eoe aieea nieae ? oaeao?a aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a oa aeeoo?caeaoi?noue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a?ae ieo
oaeyo; aea/eoe aieea aeiaaaie aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca,
i?ae?, ia?aaioeth) oa ?o iao?iiao?a ia aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i? iieacieee
yeino? iieiea (nooa ?a/iaeia, aee?, a?eie, eaca?i, eaeoica, nooee
ciaaee?aiee iiei/iee caeeoie oa ?i.) o aeeiai?oe? (i?ioyaii eaeoaoe??);
aeine?aeeoe a?noiii?oieia?/i? ci?ie a i?aaiao ?ioiii? nenoaie (oeion,
e?ioaoe/iee aocie, naeac?iea, ia/?iea) oaeyo 16-aeaiiiai a?eo, ye?
ia?iaeeeeny a?ae aeine?aeieo ei??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?aeai? iia? aeai? uiaei aieeao niieoe aeao?oeeoieo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae? ? ia?aaioeth) oa ?o oaeao?a o ??ciiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii? ia ?ioaineai?noue i?io?eaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei a i?aai?ci?
ei??a, iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i? iieacieee
yeino? iieiea. I?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo eaeoaoe?? oa nooinoith o
aeeiai?oe? iieacaii ci?ie o e?ia? aeine?aeieo ei??a. Aia?oa i?ae aieeaii
iai?aai?/ieo nieae oa oaeaoieo niieoe aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a c
ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii aeine?aeaeaii ci?ie ye?nieo iieaciee?a iieiea
o aeeiai?oe?. Anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaiee aieea iao?iiao?a ia iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a, ye?noue iieiea oa ?o ia?aaaao iaae iai?aai?/ieie
nieyie (noeueoaoaie). ?ic?iaeaii iioeiaeuei? aeice iao?iiao?a cae?ca,
i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth, ye? noeioeththoue o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci?
ei??a, i?aeaeuothoue ?o iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa iie?auothoue
aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i? iieacieee yeino? iieiea, ii??aiyii ?c nieyie oeeo
aeaiaio?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaii ye aieeaathoue aeiaaaee aeao?oeeoieo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth) aei ?aoe?iio ei??a ia ?o
o?c?ieia?/iee noai, iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i?
iieacieee yeino? iieiea. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ainiiaea?noaao Euea?anueei?
iaeano?, aea ei?iiaa aaca ? aeao?oeeoiith ca ai?noii aeua iaaaaeaieo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aanue ianya aenia?eiaioaeueiio
aeine?aeaeaiue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeia?? oa aiae?c aeaieo
e?oa?aoo?e, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oa oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ?o iien ? aiae?c aeeiiai? iiooea/ai iniaenoi i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii aeieoi?a a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a, /eai-ei?. OAAI,
aeaaeai?ea AI AO Oe?a?ie ?.E.E?aaoe?aa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue, iaaiai?thaaeenue ? noaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo oi?oiao:
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “?icaeoie aaoa?eia?ii? iaoee
a Oe?a?i?: caeiaooee oa i?iaeaie” (Oa?e?a, 2426 aa?aniy 1997);
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “No/ani? i?iaeaie a?ieia??,
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa” (Euea?a, 9-11 aeiaoiy 1997); XV c?cae Oe?a?inueeiai
o?c?ieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (naeoe?y “O?c?ieia?y o?aaeaiiy” oa “O?c?ieia?y
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei”), (Aeiiaoeuee Euea?a, 1998);
I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y “A?ieia?/i? iniiae aeeaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” (Euea?a, 1518 aa?aniy 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 10 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c yeeo 7 noaoae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue,
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeniiae?a, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.
Oaeno aeeeaaeaiee ia 180 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai?
i?aaenoaaeai? 42 oaaeeoeyie, 12 ?enoieaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a?
397 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene? ?iicaiieo aaoi??a 188.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O AIAE?C

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiiaia ia eaoaae??
aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? ? ?aae?ieia?/ii? aenia?oece Euea?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. Yaeeoeueeiai
i?ioyaii 1995-1998 ?ie?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aea/aiith aieeao
i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci? ei??a i?ae /an
eaeoaoe?? ? nooinoith, ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ye?ni? iieacieee
iieiea i?iaaaeai? a naeyinuee?e ni?eoe? «Eiein» ssai??anueeiai ?aeiio
Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

Ia?oei aoaiii aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aecia/aiiy oiiiaiai ai?noo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a o ei?iao aeuacaaaeaiiai ainiiaea?noaa. I?e oeueiio
aeine?aeaeaii iiiaae 15 ??cieo aeae?a ei?iiaeo eoeueoo?, ui aoiaeyoue
aei neeaaeo ?aoe?iio oaa?ei. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a noiniaii
caaacia/aiino? ei?i?a i?e?iaeaiaioaie o naeyinuee?e ni?eoe? “Eiein” aeey
iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei i?ae?a?aii 50 ei??a-aiaeia?a /i?ii-?yai?
ii?iaee, 4-5-i? eaeoaoe?e, iaeiiai ia??iaeo ioaeaiiy. I?e i?aeai?? ei??a
a?aoiaoaaeanue ?o iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ca iiia?aaeith eaeoaoe?th.
Ia?aae ii/aoeii aenia?eiaioo i?iaaaeaii ee?i?/iee iaeyae, caaaeoaaiiy oa
aecia/aiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia?. Anoaiiaeaii
oiiiaee ??aaiue i?e?iaeaiaio?a o e?ia? oa iieioe?. Oaa?ei aiaeoaaee
?iaeea?aeoaeueii c o?aooaaiiyi aeeai? iane o?ea, a?eo, ia??iaeo
eaeoaoe?? ca caaeainiaaieie ?aoe?iiaie ca?aeii a?aeiia?aeieo ii?i. C
a?ae?a?aieo ei??a aoei noi?iiaaii i’youe a?oi ii aeanyoue aie?a o
eiaei?e (eiio?ieueia oa ?-?V aeine?aei?). Ei?iaai aeine?aeieo a?oi
uiaeaiii aei neeaaeo iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio aeiaeaaaee noi?o? aeao?oeeoieo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a o oi?i? iai?aai?/ieo nieae oa ?o oaeaoieo niieoe c
ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii, c ?ic?aooieo ia ia 1 ea aeeai? iane o?ea o
??ciiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie o oi?i? nieae

oa ?o oaeaoieo niieoe c iao?ii?iii

A?oie oaa?eiE?euee?noue aie?a o a?oi?Oa?aeoa? aiae?ae?Eiio?ieueia10I?
(iniiaiee ?aoe?ii)? — aeine?aeia10I? + FeSO4 (0,05 ia/ea ae. i.)

CuSI4 (0,l ia/ea ae. i.)

MnSO4 (0,1 ia/ea ae. i.)?? — aeine?aeia10I? + FeSO4 (0,05 ia/ea
ae. i.)

CuSI4 (0,l ia/ea ae. i.)

MnSO4 (0,05 ia/ea ae. i.)III — aeine?aeia10I? + FeSO4 (0,05
ia/ea ae. i.)

CuSO4 (0,05 ia/ea ae. i.)

MnSO4 (0,1 ia/ea ae. i.)IV- aeine?aeia10I? + iao?iiao Fe (0,05
ia/ea ae. i.)

iao?iiao Nu (0,05 ia/ea ae. i.)

iao?iiao In (0,05 ia/ea ae. i.)O e?ia? aeine?aeieo ei??a, yeo
caae?aee uii?ny/ii c y?aiii? aaie /a?ac aea? aiaeeie i?ney ?aieiai?
aiae?ae?, aecia/aee oae? ii?oi-a?io?i?/i? iieacieee: e?euee?noue
a?eo?ioeeo?a niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ii (ia niaeo?ioioiiao?? oeio Specord M400)
ca iaoiaeeeith ?.N.Aaa?eeaoeue, I.A.Aeai/oe,1966; ai?no aaiiaeia?io ca
A.A.Aea?a?cii oa A.?.Ai?iaeiaei, 1959; eiioeaio?aoe?th aetheice c
i?oioieo?aeeiiaei ?aaeoeaii (A.A.Iaiueoeeiaa, 1973). O ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
aeine?aeaeoaaee: aeoeai?noue ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace (E.O. 2.6.1.1.) ?
aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace (E.O. 2.6.1.2.) ca iaoiaeii ?aeoiaia ? O?aieaey a
iiaeeo?eaoe?? E.A.Eaiaoaiae?, 1962; ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea — c
a?o?aoiaei ?aaeoeaii ca iaoiaeii E.I.Aeaeaeoi?nueei? oa ?i., 1968;
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ie?aieo a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e ieacie e?ia? — ca iaoiaeii
Ieea ? Iaeei?aea a iiaeeo?eaoe?? I.A.Ea?ithea, 1962; eiioeaio?aoe?th
eaeueoe?th ? iaai?th — a?ioanoii Lachema (*ao?y).

Iae?e iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?iaiaeeee oeyoii uii?ny/iiai
eiio?ieueiiai caaaeoaaiiy na?aaeiueiai iaaeith ?iaeea?aeoaeueii ii
eiaei?e ie?aii acyo?e ei?ia?. I?iae iieiea aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? aenia?oece a?aeae?aee ca?aeii aeiia AINO 13928-84
«Iieiei ? iiei/i? i?iaeoeoe. I?aaeea i?eeiio, iaoiaee a?aeai?o i?ia ?
i?aeaioiaee ?o aei aiae?co». O i?iaao iieiea aecia/aee oae?
o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee: u?euei?noue iieiea ca aeiiiiiaith a?aiiao?a
(AINO 3625-84); eeneioi?noue iieiea oeo?iiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (AINO
3624-92); e?euee?noue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei a iieioe? (AINO 23453-90);
aaeoa??aeueia ian?iai?iiy iieiea ca ?aaeoeoaciith i?iaith c ?acaco?eiii
(AINO 9225-84); ai?no aee?o eeneioiei iaoiaeii (AINO 5867-90);
e?euee?noue nooi? ?a/iaeie aiae?oe/iei iaoiaeii — aenoooaaiiyi iieiea
i?e 1050N aei iino?eii? aaae (AINO3626-73); nooee ciaaee?aiee iiei/iee
caeeoie (NCIC) ?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii; caaaeueio e?euee?noue a?eea oa
eaca?io aecia/aee iaoiaeii oi?iieueiiai oeo?oaaiiy ca?aeii OO 49
1212-85; iiei/iee oeoei? (eaeoico) ?ao?aeoiiao?e/ii (AINO 3628-47); cieo
— niaethaaiiyi iaaaaeee o iooaeuei?e ia/? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 5000N.

Aeine?aeaeaii eiioeaio?aoe?th cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth o i?iaao e?ia?
? iieiea (iaoa??ae caae?aany eiaeiiai i?nyoey) o eiio?ieuei?e oa
aeine?aeieo (I-IV) a?oiao oaa?ei. Aecia/aiiy oeeo i?e?iaeaiaio?a
i?iaiaeeee a cie? iaoiaeii e?euee?niiai aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiiai
niaeo?io?i?/iiai aiae?co ia aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiiio niaeo?ioioiiao??
oeio AAS-30 (E.I?aen, 1976; I.?.A??oeea, 1980). Ai?no naeaio o ei?iao
aecia/aee oeoi?anoeaioiei iaoiaeii c ?ic/eiii 2,3-aeeai?iiiaooae?io ca
aeiiiiiaith oeoi?eiao?a AO-3IA (Ae?iiaa E.N. oa ?i., 1979).

O aa?aci? 1997 ?ieo i?iaiaeeee eiio?ieueia caaaeoaaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
oaeyo a?ae ei??a eiio?ieueii? ? aeine?aeieo a?oi oa aecia/aee
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeeai? iane oaeyoe aei aeeai? iane iaoa??. O ea?oi? 1997
?ieo i?iaaaeaii eiio?ieueiee caa?e oaeyo 16-aeaiiiai a?eo a?ae
i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a (i’youe aie?a — ii iaeiiio c eiaeii? a?oie). Aeey
a?noieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae caaeoeo oaeyo caae?aee oeion,
ia/?ieo, e?ioaoe/i? aocee (a?eaeia?), naeac?ieo. O?enaoe?th iaoa??aeo
i?iaiaeeee 10%-iei aiaeiei ?ic/eiii iaeo?aeueiiai oi?iae?io, a c??ce
oa?aoaaee aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii.

Iiiaieeaoo?a oa?iaio?a iiaeaia ca?aeii aeiia i?aeia?iaeiiai a?io?i?/iiai
nithco (1979). On? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeyee a?iiao?e/ii ca
iaoiaeeeith, iienaiith A.A.Iea?iei (1960) ?c aeei?enoaiiyi IAII ?AI.
?acoeueoaoe na?aaei?o cia/aiue aaaaeaee noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieie i?e
?<0,05 - *, P<0,02 - **, P<0,01 - *** oa P<0,001 - ****. Ai?no i?e?iaeaiaio?a o ei?iao oa aiae? ianoaaeoaaiiai ainiiaea?noaa. I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ei?i?a oa aiaee, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aiae?ae? ei??a o n.n. “Eiein” ssai??anueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano?, aeyaeaii aeao?oeeo cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth, caaacia/ai?noue yeeie a na?aaeiueiio ii an?o aeaeao ei?i?a noaiiaeea 30, 50 oa 70%. Cie?aia, o ei?iao ca?iiai? a?oie iaeieae/ee ??aaiue cae?ca, ii a?aeiioaiith aei ii?ie, aeyaeaii o eiia?ei?i? - 6,5%. O an?o aeaeao ca?ia oa eiia?ei?i? anoaiiaeaii iaaecae/aeii iecueeee ??aaiue i?ae?. Oae, ioaieoey aeaiei aeaiaioii caaacia/aia ia - 39,8, iaan - ia 7,9, aeeoi - ia 27,9, y/i?iue - ia 42,4 oa eiia?ei?i - ia 19%. Aeao?oeeo ia?aaioeth niinoa??aaany o ca?i? a?ana oa eiia?ei?i?, ye? caaacia/ai? ia 76,6 oa 60,1% a?aeiia?aeii. ??aaiue cae?ca oa i?ae? o a?oaeo ei?iao (nieiia ioaieoe?, nieiia y/iaith, n?ii aaaaoi??/ieo o?aa, n?ii eiithoeie) eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 5,8 aei 81,9% aei ii?ie. Iaea?eueo aeao?oeeoieie ? a?oa? ei?ie ca ai?noii cae?ca, c yeeo nieiia y/iaith caaacia/aia ia 5,8, nieiia ioaieoe? ia 8,8, n?ii aaaaoi??/ieo o?aa ia 15,1 ? n?ii eiithoeie ia 17,5%. Iaeieae/ee ??aaiue i?ae? aeyaeaii o nieii? y/iaith - 35,3 oa n?i? eiithoeie – 38% aei ii?ie. Noiniaii caeaii? iane, oi ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aeaiee aeae ei?io a o?e /e ?io?e i??? ? aeao?oeeoiei ca an?ia aeine?aeaeoaaieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie, e??i naeaio. Oae, cae?cii caeaia iana caaacia/aia eeoa ia 4,2%, ia?aaioeai ia 17,4%. Aeaui aeuee ??aaiue caaacia/aiino? i?aeaeth oa oeeieii - a?aeiia?aeii 70 oa 50,3%. I?iaiae?coaaaoe ai?no i?e?iaeaiaio?a o nieiaeoeo ei?iao, aeao?oeeo cae?ca aeyaeaii o neein? eoeo?oaecyiiio - 79,1 oa n?iaae? - 70,3% a?aeiia?aeii aei ii?ie. Iaeieae/ee ??aaiue i?ae? anoaiiaeaii o ei?iiaiio ao?yoe? oa eiai ae/oe? - a?aeiia?aeii 24,3 ? 32,1% aei ii?ie. Iaeieae/ee ??aaiue ia?aaioeth aeyaeaii o ae/oe? ei?iiaiai ao?yea – 1,46 ia/ea (18,2%). I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aiaee aeyaeaii aeao?oeeo ia?aaioeth, i?ae? oa cae?ca, ??aaiue yeeo aoa 0,02, 0,37 oa 0,14 ia/e a?aeiia?aeii, ui a naith /a?ao noaiiaeoue 25; 52,8 ? 70% aei ii?ie. I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ei?i?a oa aiaee aeicaieyoue a?aeiia?aeii cei?aeooaaoe ?aoe?iie aeine?aeieo ei??a aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie, uia onoiooe ?o aeao?oeeo ? aeenaaeain a i?aai?ci?. Ana oea e iineoaeeei iniiaith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue c iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao aeua caaaeaieo aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a oa aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i? iieacieee yeino? iaea?aeaiiai i?e oeueiio iieiea. Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee ei??a ? aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a ia?aai?ioaaiiy i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? oa nooinoith i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ?oiueiai ?aoe?iio aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a. Aaaeeeaa i?noea i?e aecia/aii? ?ie? i?e?iaeaiaio?a a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei, ?o aieeao ia iai?ii? i?ioeane caeiathoue ii?oieia?/i? oa a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia?. Iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeaiae?aey ei??a on?o aeine?aeieo a?oi niieoeaie cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? ni?ey? iie?auaiith iai?iieo i?ioean?a a ?o i?aai?ci? (oaae. 2). Oae, o e?ia? ei??a ?–?V aeine?aeieo a?oi anoaiiaeaii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a Oaaeeoey 2 Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee eaeooth/eo ei??a i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ?oiueiai ?aoe?iio aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a, M ± m, n = 10. IieacieeA ? o i e o a a ? e iEiio?ieue??????IVA?eo?ioeeoe, 1012/e Aaiiaeia?i, iiieue/e Caaaeueiee a?eie, a/e O?aeoe?? a?eea: aeueaoi?ie, % aeueoa-aeiaoe?ie, % aaoa-aeiaoe?ie, % aaia-aeiaoe?ie, % AnAO, iiieue/aiae/e AeAO, iiieue/aiae/e Aetheica, iiieue/e Eaeueoe?e, iiieue/e Iaai?e, iiieue/e Cae?ci, ia/e I?aeue, ia/e Ia?aaiaoeue, ia/e6,85±0,11 6,89±0,14 76,95±1,65 38,62±0,66 19,38±0,34 14,99±0,24 27,01±0,47 0,93±0,022 0,48±0,009 2,41±0,05 2,67±0,04 0,89±0,016 270,7±8,26 1,10±0,029 0,69±0,0247,23±0,11 7,34±0,12 80,17±1,66 40,12±0,65 18,65±0,41 14,50±0,29 26,89±0,54 0,96±0,014 0,51±0,008 2,55±0,04 2,79±0,04 0,94±0,016 289,5±6,73 1,15±0,026 0,73±0,0167,14±0,12 7,20±0,12 79,80±1,75 39,58±0,67 18,94±0,41 14,84±0,24 26,63±0,53 0,95±0,014 0,49±0,009 2,49±0,05 2,76±0,05 0,92±0,017 287,2±7,69 1,17±0,024 0,73±0,0197,11±0,13 7,15±0,12 79,41±1,64 40,04±0,65 18,92±0,38 14,90±0,26 26,50±0,50 0,96±0,016 0,50±0,011 2,50±0,03 2,76±0,04 0,92±0,015 291,7±8,20 1,14±0,026 0,74±0,0197,38±0,15* 7,46±0,15* 81,88±1,61 40,63±0,68 18,50±0,36 14,37±0,24 26,88±0,51 0,98±0,016 0,52±0,010 2,64±0,06 * 2,82±0,05 0,96±0,018* 319,7±10,98** 1,24±0,029** 0,80±0,023*oa ??aiy aaiiaeia?io ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai. I?e aeiaeaoeiaiio aaaaeaii? aei ?aoe?iio ei??a iao?iiao?a e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a oa ??aaiue aaiiaeia?io aoee iaeaeueie ? noaiiaeee 7,7 oa 8,3% (P<0,05). O e?ia? ei??a on?o aeine?aeieo a?oi i?ioyaii eaeoiaaiaco anoaiiaeaii oaeiae c?inoaiiy ??aiy caaaeueiiai a?eea. Oae, iaeaeuei aeaiee iieaciee aoa o e?ia? ei??a IV aeine?aeii? a?oie – 81,88±1,61 a/e, ui ia 6,4% a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui c?inoaiiy caaaeueiiai a?eea a?aeaoaaeinue ca ?aooiie aeueaoi?iiai? o?aeoe??. Oae, ??aaiue aeueaoi?i?a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ei??a IV a?oie aoa aeuei ca eiio?ieue ia 2,01%. I?e oeueiio niinoa??aaeinue i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? ai?iio?ainoa?ac (AnAO ? AeAO) o e?ia? ei??a on?o aeine?aeieo a?oi, iniaeeai o IV, aea aeoeai?noue ania?oao- oa aeai?iai?iio?anoa?ac aoea aeuith, i?ae o eiio?ie?, a?aeiia?aeii ia 5,4 oa 8,3%. Anoaiiaeaii oaeiae c?inoaiiy o e?ia? ei??a ??aiy aetheice. Oae, o ? a?oi? aeaiee iieaciee aoa aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth ia 5,8%, o ?? - ia 3,3, o ??? - ia 3,7 ? o IV a?oi? ia 9,5%. Oa?aeoa?iei ? oa, ui c?inoaiiy ??aiy aetheice o e?ia? ei??a IV a?oie ? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiei (P<0,05). Aeiaeaoeiaa aaaaeaiiy aei ?aoe?iio eaeooth/ei ei?iaai aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a iiceoeaii a?aeia?aceeinue ? ia i?ia?aeueiiio iai?i?, a naia: anoaiiaeaii c?inoaiiy o e?ia? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi ??aiy eaeueoe?th ia 3,4-5,6; iaai?th ia 3,4-7,9; cae?ca ia 6,1-18,1; i?ae? ia 3,6-12,7 ? ia?aaioeth ia 5,8-15,9%. I?e i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a o nooino?eiee ia??iae noeueoaoaie cae?ca, i?ae?, ia?aaioeth oa ?o oaeaoieie niieoeaie c iao?ii?iii anoaiiaeaii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a o e?ia? ia 0,35–0,6o1012/e, eiioeaio?aoe?? aaiiaeia?io oa ??aiy aetheice a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,14–0,71 ? 0,1–0,26 iiieue/e. C?inoaiiy cia/aiue aeaieo iieaciee?a a?aeiinii eiio?ieth aoei noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiei o IV a?oi? (P<0,05; P< 0,02) ye ia ii/aoeo, oae ? a e?ioe? nooinoith. E??i oeueiai, o aeai?e a?oi? anoaiiaeaii noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 7,51 a/e, a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie aaia-aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe??, c iaeii/aniei c?inoaiiyi aeoeaiino? ai?iio?ainoa?ac. Anoaiiaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy o e?ia? eiioeaio?aoe?? eaeueoe?th oa iaai?th, iniaeeai o IV a?oi? ia ii/aoeo nooinoith. Oae, ??aaiue eaeueoe?th aoa aeuei, i?ae o eiio?ie? ia 8,6 ? iaai?th ia 10,8%. Aeoiaey/e c aeua iaaaaeaieo ii?oi-a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? ei??a i?ioyaii eaeoiaaiaco oa nooinoith, iiaeia c?iaeoe ocaaaeueithth/ee aeniiaie, ui aeiaeaaaiiy aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae?, ia?aaioeth) aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio o oi?i? oaeaoieo eiiieaen?a c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii i?eaaei aei ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aaiiiiaoe/ii? ooieoe?? e?noeiaiai iiceo, iie?auaiiy ieenii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? ei??a, iineeaiiy a?eieneioacoth/i? ooieoe?? ia/?iee, ?ioaineai?oiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?ioean?a aia?aiooai?aiiy, iie?auaiiy i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io a i?aai?ci?. Niieoee i?e?iaeaiaio?a c iao?ii?iii iaee e?auee aoaeo ia iai?ii? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci? ei??a ii??aiyii ?c noeueoaoaie. Eiioeaio?aoe?y cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth o iieioe? ei??a i?ioyaii eaeoiaaiaco. I?e?iaeaiaioe iathoue aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy a ooai?aii? iieiea, aieeaathoue ia a?ieia?/io iiaiioe?ii?noue oa iiaeeai?noue iieiea e iiei/ieo i?iaeoeo?a. Oae, ??aaiue cae?ca o iieioe? ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo eieeaaany a iaaeao 0,543±0,022-0,584±0,009 ia/ea iaoo?aeueii? ?a/iaeie. I?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo eaeoaoe?? ai?no aeaiiai i?e?iaeaiaioo o iieioe? iinooiiai ca?eueooaaany. O iieioe? ei??a ? aeine?aeii? a?oie iaeaeuee ??aaiue cae?ca aeyaeaiee ia ainueiiio - aeanyoiio i?nyoeyo eaeoaoe??. Oae, ia ainueiiio i?nyoe? eiioeaio?aoe?y aeaiaioo ca?eueoeeanue ia 12,8, ia aeaa’yoiio - 10,6 ? ia aeanyoiio - 14,3% a?aeiinii eiio?ieth (P<0,05; P<0,02). O ?? oa ??? aeine?aeieo a?oiao ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo cae?ca a iieioe? aoei aeyaeaii ia oinoiio, nueiiiio, ainueiiio oa aeanyoiio i?nyoeyo eaeoaoe?? (P<0,05; P<0,02). Iaeaeuee ??aaiue cae?ca aoa ia aeanyoiio i?nyoe? o ??? aeine?aei?e a?oi? - 0,717 ia/ea iaoo?aeueii? ?a/iaeie, ui ia 13,6% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Iniaeeai ne?ae a?aei?oeoe IV aeine?aeio a?oio, a iieioe? ei??a yei? niinoa??aaee nooo?aa ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? cae?ca, ii/eiath/e c /aoaa?oiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe??. Iaeaeuee ??aaiue aeaiaioo aoa ia ainueiiio i?nyoe? - 0,704 ia/ea, ui ia 0,101 ia/ea a?eueoa, i?ae o iieioe? ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Ai?no i?ae? a iieioe? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo eieeaaany a iaaeao 0,150±0,008-0,172±0,004 ia/ea iaoo?aeueii? ?a/iaeie. I?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? niinoa??aaeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy i?ae? o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao. O ? a?oi? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy i?ae? o iieioe? aoei ia oinoiio, nueiiiio oa ainueiiio i?nyoeyo eaeoaoe?? (P<0,05). Oae, ia oinoiio i?nyoe? ??aaiue aeaiiai aeaiaioo ca?eueooaaany ia 9,3, ia nueiiiio - 13,5 ? ia ainueiiio - 11,6% a?aeiinii eiio?ieth. O ?? aeine?aei?e a?oi? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy i?ae? a iieioe? a?aeiinii eiio?ieth anoaiiaeaia c /aoaa?oiai ii nueiiee i?nyoeue (P<0,05, P<0,02). O ??? aeine?aei?e a?oi? nooo?aeo ci?i uiaei ai?noo i?ae? a iieioe? ei??a ia aeyaeaii. Eeoa ia oinoiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? ??aaiue i?ae? o iieioe? aoa aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth ia 7,6%. Iaeaaaii?oa ca?eueoaiiy i?ae? a iieioe? niinoa??aaee o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe??, ??aaiue aeaiaioo iinooiiai ca?eueooaaany ? iaeaeuei a?i aoa ia nueiiiio, ainueiiio ? aeaa’yoiio i?nyoeyo a?aeiia?aeii 0,191; 0,230 oa 0,257 ia/ea iaoo?aeueii? ?a/iaeie, ui ia 23,2; 27,1 oa 26,2% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (P<0,05, P<0,02, P<0,01). Ui noino?oueny ia?aaioeth, oi eiai ??aaiue a iieioe? ei??a ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo aoa o iaaeao 38,8±0,9-41,4±1,03 iea/ea iaoo?aeueii? ?a/iaeie. O an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? a?aei?/aee iinooiiaa ca?eueoaiiy aeaiiai i?e?iaeaiaioo. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy ia?aaioeth aoei o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Oae, ia /aoaa?oiio i?nyoe? eiioeaio?aoe?y aeaiiai aeaiaioo ca?eueooaaeanue ia 22,6, ia i’yoiio - 20,9, ia oinoiio - 17,1% a?aeiinii eiio?ieth (P<0,05; P<0,02). O ? aeine?aei?e a?oi? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy ia?aaioeth niinoa??aaeinue ia /aoaa?oiio, i’yoiio oa ainueiiio i?nyoeyo, a?aeiia?aeii ia 6,7; 6,9 oa 6,8% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (P<0,05; P<0,02). O ?? a?oi? iaeaeuee ??aaiue ia?aaioeth aeyaeaii ia oinoiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? - 42,2 iea/ea, ui ia 8,4% a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ie? (P<0,05). O iieioe? ei??a ??? aeine?aeii? a?oie iaea?eueo nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy aeaiiai aeaiaioo ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth aeyaeaii ia /aoaa?oiio, i’yoiio, oinoiio oa nueiiiio i?nyoeyo, a?aeiia?aeii ia 13,8; 11,7; 8,9 oa 8,4% (P<0,05, P<0,02). Ioaea, i?e aeiaeaoeiaiio aaaaeaii? aei ?aoe?iio aeine?aeiei ei?iaai noi?oie aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae?, ia?aaioeth) o aeaeyae? iai?aai?/ieo nieae oa ?o niieoe c iao?ii?iii, aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo aeaieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a o iieioe? ei??a on?o a?oi, iniaeeai o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?, oaa?eiai yei? caiaeiaoaaee iao?iiaoe. A na?aaeiueiio ca aanue ia??iae eaeoaoe?? ??aaiue cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth o iieioe? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi ca?eueoeany a?aeiinii eiio?ieth ia 3,1-9,1; 3,3-15,9 oa 3,4-8,9% a?aeiia?aeii. Ai?no aeaieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a o iieioe? eieeaaany a iaaeao a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ? iieiei, ye i?iaeoeo oa?/oaaiiy ethaeeie, iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aac iaiaaeaiue. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a i?e canoinoaaii? i?e?iaeiaaaie. Aeoiaey/e c iiia?aaeiuei i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ei?i?a oa aiaee, aeeth/aiiy aei ?aoe?iio aeine?aeiei ei?iaai aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae?, ia?aaioeth) o aeaeyae? nieae oa iao?iiao?a iaaiith i??ith a?aeia?aceeinue ia ?o iiei/i?e i?iaeoeoeaiino?. O eiio?ieuei?e oa aeine?aeieo a?oiao na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee iaae?e iieiea ci?ithaaany caeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo eaeoaoe??. Ia ii/aoeo eaeoiaaiaco aeaiee iieaciee eieeaaany a iaaeao 8,94±0,19-10,06±0,27 ea. O ? aeine?aei?e a?oi? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy aeiaiaiai iaaeith a?aeiinii eiio?ieth anoaiiaeaii ia i’yoiio-nueiiiio i?nyoeyo a?aeiia?aeii ia 9,8; 14,6 oa 10,4% (P<0,05; P<0,02). O ?? aeine?aei?e a?oi? oaea i?aeaeuaiiy niinoa??aaeinue ia i’yoiio (8,3%) ? oinoiio (7,5%) i?nyoeyo, a o ??? a?oi? - ia /aoaa?oiio, i’yoiio oa nueiiiio i?nyoeyo eaeoaoe?? a?aeiia?aeii ia 7,0; 11,1 oa 11,7% (P<0,05; P<0,02). Iaenooo?a?oa c?inoaiiy na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai iaaeith aeyaeaii o ei??a IV aeine?aeii? a?oie ia /aoaa?oiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? - 16,08±0,35 ea, ui ia 13,5% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. Oa?aeoa?iei ? e oa, ui i?aeaeuaiiy aeiaiaiai iaaeith ei??a o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?, ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe??, aoei noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiei (P<0,05; P<0,02). Caaaeueiee iaae?e iieiea iaoo?aeueii? aee?iino? ia ei?iao iaeaeuei aoa o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi? - 3404,6 ea, ui ia 324 ea a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ie? (10,5%). A ia?a?aooieo ia aacenio aee?i?noue aeaiee iieaciee aoa aeuei, i?ae o eiio?ie? ia 18% (oaae. 3). O ?-??? aeine?aeieo a?oiao c?inoaiiy caaaeueiiai iaaeith iaoo?aeueii? aee?iino? ca eaeoaoe?th aoei iaio iii?oiei ? aoei a?aeiia?aeii ia 3,5; 1,7 ? 4,9% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie?. O an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao Oaaeeoey 3 Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a ca eaeoaoe?th (a na?aaeiueiio ia aieiao), n = 10. IieacieeA ? o i e o a a ? e iEiio?.??????IVE?euee?noue ae?eieo aei?a292286288294290Caaaeueiee iaae?e iieiea, ea iaoo?aeueii? aee?iino? aacenii? aee?iino? 3080,6 3062,5 3188,9 3292,1 3133,4 3161,0 3225,2 3282,1 3404,6 3614,9Ai?no aee?o, %3,383,513,433,463,61Iiei/iee aee?, ea104,1111,9107,5111,6122,9Aeiaiaee iaae?e iieiea, ea iaoo?aeueii? aee?iino? aacenii? aee?iino? 10,55 10,48 11,15 11,51 10,88 10,97 10,97 11,16 11,74 12,46anoaiiaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy ? na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai iaaeith. Oae, yeui o ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie aeiaiaee iaae?e iaoo?aeueiiai iieiea noaiiaea 10,55 ea, oi o aeine?aeieo (?-IV) a?i aoa a?aeiia?aeii ia 5,7; 3,1; 4,0 oa 11,3% aeuei. A ia?a?aooieo ia aacenio aee?i?noue iieiea aeaiee iieaciee aoa aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth a?aeiia?aeii ia 9,8; 4,7; 6,5 oa 18,9%. E??i oeueiai, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe c?inoaiiy o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao e?eueeino? iiei/iiai aee?o ca eaeoaoe?th ia 3,4-18,8 ea ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth. Iaeaeuee eiai ??aaiue a na?aaeiueiio ca eaeoaoe?th, aoa o iieioe? ei??a IV aeine?aeii? a?oie - 122,9 ea, ui ia 18% a?eueoa, i?ae o iieioe? ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie (104,1 ea). Oaeei /eiii, aeiaeaoeiaa aaaaeaiiy aei ?aoe?iio eaeooth/ei ei?iaai aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth) o aeaeyae? oaeaoieo eiiieaen?a c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii (iao?iiao?a) a aeic? ii 0,05 ia/ea aeeai? iane, iiceoeaii aieeioei ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue (c?inoaiiy caaaeueiiai iaaeith, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai iaaeith, ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iiei/iiai aee?o). Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui aeai? iieacieee aoee cia/ii aeueie ii??aiyii c a?oiaie ei??a (?-???), yeei i?e?iaeaiaioe aeiaeaaaee o oi?i? noeueoao?a. Aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i? iieacieee yeino? iaea?aeaiiai iieiea. Iieiei ye a?ieia?/ia ??aeeia, nae?ao iiei/ii? caeice, ia? aeia?ee aieea ia i?ioeane caoaeaeaiiy ? aaeueioaaiiy ia?aiai? nenoaie, iie?ioo? e?iaiia?a, iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia iai?ii? i?ioeane, ii?iae?co? iai?i a?ee?a oa aee??a. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, iaie aoei i?iaaaeaii aecia/aiiy i?aaiieaioe/ieo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo iieaciee?a yeino? iieiea ei??a o aeeiai?oe? i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ?oiueiai ?aoe?iio aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae?, ia?aaioeth) o aeaeyae? noeueoao?a oa iao?iiao?a. I?e i?aaiieaioe/i?e ioe?ioe? iieiea, iaea?aeaiiai a?ae ei??a eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeieo (? - ?V) a?oi, anoaiiaeaii, ui eie?? iieiea i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? ci?ithaaany a?ae a?eiai aei neaai-aeiaooaaoiai a?aeo?ieo. O eiio?ie? iieiei, a iniiaiiio, aoei a?eiai eieuei?o, oi/a i?ae e?iaoeue eaeoaoe?? niinoa??aaeinue neaaea iiaeiao?iiy. O aeine?aeieo a?oiao eie?? iieiea nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae eiio?ieth, aea o ?V a?oi?, ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe??, niinoa??aaany ceaaea aeiaooaaoee a?aeo?iie iieiea. Eiia??ii, ui naia oaea ci?ia a?aeo?ieo iieiea caeaaeeoue a?ae ai?noo e?iio?ii?a iiei/iiai aee?o. Caiao iieiea, iaea?aeaiiai a?ae ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi, aoa aiaeia?/iee eiio?ieth. I?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo eaeoiaaiaco caiao iieiea aoa i?e?iiee, niaoeeo?/iee, aeanoeaee aeey na?aeiai i?iaeoeoo. Niae iieiea a?ae ei??a eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeieo a?oi i?ioyaii anueiai aenia?eiaioo (eaeoaoe??) aoa ceaaea nieiaeeoaaoee. Ie??i oeueiai, iaie aoei anoaiiaeaii iaai? ci?ie niaeo iieiea, iaea?aeaiiai a?ae ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Oae, a na?aaeei? eaeoaoe?? o iieioe? i?iyaeyany ceaaea ei?iiaee i?eniae, a i?e e?ioe? eaeoiaaiaco, iniaeeai ia?aae caioneii, anoaiiaeaii iacia/io nieiioaao?noue iieiea. O iieioe?, iaea?aeaiiio a?ae ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi, aeua iaaaaeaieo ci?i niaeo ia aeyaeaii. Ui noino?oueny eiinenoaioe??, oi aeaiee iieaciee ia caciaa nooo?aeo ci?i ye o eiio?ieuei?e, oae ? a aeine?aeieo a?oiao. Eiinenoaioe?y iieiea aoea ??aeea, iaeii??aeia, aac inaaeo, aeanoeaa na?aeiio iieieo. Iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iieaciee?a, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? ye?noue iieiea, ? u?euei?noue. Oae, ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo u?euei?noue iieiea eieeaaeanue a iaaeao a?ae 29,54±0,72 o eiio?ie? aei 30,62±0,60 0A o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Ii/eiath/e c ia?oeo i?nyoe?a eaeoaoe??, iaie aoei a?aei?/aii c?inoaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy u?eueiino? anoaiiaeaii o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe?? c?inoaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea aoei noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiei (?<0,05; P<0,02; P<0,01) ? ci?ithaaeinue a?ae 29,92±0,40 aei 32,14±0,38 0A. Iaea?eueoa ??cieoey anoaiiaeaia ia oinoiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe??–3,02 0A, ui ia 11% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Aaaeeeaei iieacieeii yeino? iieiea ? nooee ciaaee?aiee iiei/iee caeeoie (NCIC). Oae, ??aaiue NCIC ia ii/aoeo eaeoaoe?? eieeaaany a iaaeao 8,14±0,15 - 8,24±0,13%. O iieioe? ei??a ?-IV aeine?aeieo a?oi anoaiiaeaii iinooiiaa c?inoaiiy nooiai ciaaee?aiiai iiei/iiai caeeoeo i?ioyaii anueiai eaeoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ? ia aeanyoiio i?nyoe? ??aaiue NCIC noaiiaea o ? a?oi? 8,92±0,11, o ??–8,68±0,08, o ???–8,75±0,12 ? o IV–9,17±0,20%, ui a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,57; 0,33; 0,4 ? 0,82% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (P<0,05; P<0,02). I?e ioe?ioe? yeino? iieiea aaeeeo oaaao i?eae?eythoue oaeiio iieacieeo, ye nooa ?a/iaeia (N?), aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeyoue an? eiiiiiaioe iieiea (a?eie, aee?, eaeoica, i?ia?aeuei? nie? oiui), ca aeiyoeii aiaee ? eaoeeo ?a/iaei. Ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo a iieioe? ei??a eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeieo a?oi ??aaiue N? ciaoiaeeany a iaaeao 11,54±0,26–11,70±0,16%. I?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? niinoa??aaeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea o iieioe? ei??a on?o aeine?aeieo a?oi a?aeiinii eiio?ieth. O ?, ?? oa ??? aeine?aeieo a?oiao c?inoaiiy N? aoei iaio ae?aaeaia, i?ae o IV a?oi?, aea, ii/eiath/e c ae?oaiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe??, ??aaiue nooi? ?a/iaeie iinooiiai c?inoaa ? ia aeanyoiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? noaiiaea 12,86±0,2%. Iaenooo?a?oa ca?eueoaiiy nooi? ?a/iaeie a aeai?e a?oi? a?aeiinii eiio?ieth aeyaeaii ia nueiiiio ? ainueiiio i?nyoeyo a?aeiia?aeii ia 1,14 oa 1,11% (P<0,01). Aaaeeeaei iieacieeii i?e ioe?ioe? yeino? iieiea ? ai?no aee?o. Oae, aeaiee iieaciee ia ii/aoeo aeine?aeo (eaeoaoe??) eieeaaany a iaaeao 3,39±0,11–3,46±0,06%. O ? aeine?aei?e a?oi? nooo?aa ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo aee?o aeyaeaii ia o?aoueiio ? /aoaa?oiio i?nyoeyo eaeoaoe??, a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,21 oa 0,27% ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth (P<0,05; P<0,02). O ?? oa ??? a?oiao noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea niinoa??aaeinue ia /aoaa?oiio i?nyoe? - o ??–ia 0,18 oa o ??? a?oi?–ia 0,22% a?aeiinii eiio?ieth (P<0,05). Iaenooo?a?oa c?inoaiiy ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? ei??a aeyaeaii o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Iaeaeuei a?aeiinii eiio?ieth aiii aoei ia /aoaa?oiio i?nyoe? - 0,34%. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui, ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai i?nyoey, iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? o oe?e a?oi? aoee noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieie (P<0,05; P<0,02). I?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i?e aenia?oec? iieiea cia/io oaaao i?eae?eythoue ai?noo a?ee?a – iaea?eueo oe?iieo o a?ieia?/iiio a?aeiioaii? eiiiiiaio?a. O i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiiyo anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue caaaeueiiai a?eea o iieioe? aeine?aeieo ei??a ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo eieeaaany a?ae 3,18±0,08 aei 3,23±0,03%. Oae, o iieioe? ei??a ? aeine?aeii? a?oie ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea aeaui ca?eueooaaany ? iaeaeuei a?i aoa ia aeaa’yoiio i?nyoe?–3,53%, ui ia 0,21% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (P<0,05). O ?? oa ??? a?oiao nooo?aeo ci?i uiaei ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea ia aeyaeaii, oi/a niinoa??aaeinue iaaia i?aeaeuaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea o ??? aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia i’yoiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe??, yea aoei ia 0,2% aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth (P<0,05). Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia c?inoaiiy caaaeueiiai a?eea aoei o IV a?oi?. Ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai i?nyoey, iaea?aeai? aeai? aoee noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieie (P<0,05; P<0,02). Iaeaeuee ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea o aeai?e a?oi? aeyaeaii ia ainueiiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? – 3,64%, ui ia 0,24% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Cia/ia /anoeia caaaeueii? e?eueeino? a?ee?a iieiea iaeaaeeoue eaca?io. Oae, ??aaiue eaca?io o iieioe? ei??a eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeieo a?oi ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo eieeaaany a iaaeao 2,50±0,05–2,54±0,04%. Ia i?ioyc? eaeoiaaiaco a on?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao niinoa??aaeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? eaca?io ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth. O IV a?oi? c?inoaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea aoei iaenooo?a?oei, a?aeiia?aeii ??aaiue eaca?io a aeai?e a?oi? ia?aaoaaa o iaaeao a?ae 2,52±0,08 aei 2,86±0,07% caeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo eaeoaoe??. Oae, iaeaeuee ??aaiue eaca?io aoa ia ainueiiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? – 2,86±0,07%, ui ia 0,19% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (P<0,05). Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy i?e ioe?ioe? yeino? iieiea ia? eaeoica (iiei/iee oeoei?). A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue ai?no eaeoice o iieioe? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi ca?eueooaaany a?aeiinii eiio?ieth, iniaeeai i?ae e?iaoeue eaeoaoe??. O ?, ?? oa ??? a?oiao iaeaeuee ??aaiue eaeoice, a?aeiinii eiio?ieth, aeyaeaii ia nueiiiio, ainueiiio oa aeaa’yoiio i?nyoeyo eaeoaoe??. Oae, o ? a?oi? ia 0,48; 0,39 oa 0,27, o ?? - ia 0,26; 0,27 ? 0,19 ? o ??? a?oi? ia 0,32; 0,29 oa 0,24% (P<0,05; P<0,02). O IV aeine?aei?e a?oi? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy eaeoice anoaiiaeaii, ii/eiath/e c oinoiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe??. Oae, ia oinoiio i?nyoe? ai?no eaeoice noaiiaea 4,51±0,07, ia nueiiiio-4,58±0,10, ainueiiio-4,69±0,14, aeaa’yoiio-4,75±0,07 oa aeanyoiio-4,82±0,05%, ui a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,32; 0,43; 0,48; 0,34 oa 0,36% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (P<0,05; P<0,02). Iaie aoei i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei iieiea (ciee), ui caeeoathoueny i?ney iciethaaiiy iieiea o iooaeuei?e ia/?. Oae, ??aaiue ciee o iieioe? ei??a eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeieo a?oi ia ii/aoeo eaeoaoe?? eieeaaany a iaaeao 0,59±0,006 - 0,67±0,011%. O ? oa ?? aeine?aeieo a?oiao nooo?aa c?inoaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea niinoa??aaeinue o ae?oa?e iieiaei? eaeoaoe??. O ??? aeine?aei?e a?oi? ??aaiue ciee o iieioe? i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? nooo?ai ia ci?ithaaany, iaeiae aeayea i?aeaeuaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea a?aei?/aii ia o?aoueiio i?nyoe?, aea ??aaiue ciee o iieioe? aoa aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth ia 0,1% (P<0,05). Iaea?eueo nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ciee niinoa??aaeinue o iieioe? ei??a IV aeine?aeii? a?oie. Oae, iaeaeuee ??aaiue aeaiiai iieacieea anoaiiaeaii ia nueiiiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe??, ui ia 0,18% aeua ca eiio?ieue (P<0,01). Iaaecae/aeii aaeeea cia/aiiy i?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i?e aenia?oec? iieiea ia? eeneioi?noue. Aeaiee iieaciee oa?aeoa?eco? na?ae?noue iieiea ? ? iaeiei ?c aieiaieo i?e anoaiiaeaii? aaooieo i?iaeoeoe??. A on?o a?oiao aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy eeneioiino? iieiea a ia?o?e iieiaei? eaeoaoe?? ? iacia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea i?ae e?iaoeue eaeoiaaiaco. Oae, o eiio?ie? eeneioi?noue iieiea ci?ithaaeanue a?ae 18,03±0,44 aei 16,30±0,31 0O, o ? a?oi?–a?ae 17,91±0,41 aei 16,30±0,52, o ??–18,14±0,48–16,40±0,39, o ???–18,10±0,39 - 16,47±0,52 ? o IV a?oi?–a?ae 18,05±0,60 aei 16,20±0,20 0O. O ae?oa?e iieiaei? eaeoiaaiaco (?c nueiiiai i?nyoey) aeyaeaii iacia/ia cieaeaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea o iieioe? ei??a ?-IV a?oi a?aeiinii eiio?ieth. Ca?aeii c AeNOO 3662-97 iaea?aeaia iieiei a?aeiia?aeaei aeuiio oa ia?oiio aaooieo caeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo eaeoaoe??. Oae, a ia?o? i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? eeneioi?noue iieiea noaiiaeea iiiaae 17 0O, ui a?aeiia?aea? ia?oiio aaooieo, a ii/eiath/e c /aoaa?oiai i?nyoey eaeoaoe?? eeneioi?noue iieiea eieeaaeanue a iaaeao 16 - 17 0O – aeuee aaooiie. Ii?yae c eeneioi?noth, aaaeeeaei iieacieeii, ui na?ae/eoue i?i nai?oa?iee noai iieiea ? caaaeueia aaeoa??aeueia ian?iai?iiy. Iieiei, iaea?aeaia a?ae ei??a on?o i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi, ca ??aiai aaeoa??aeueiiai ian?iai?iiy o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a a?aeiineeinue aei ? eeano. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o aeine?aeieo a?oiao (?-IV) e?euee?noue i?ia iieiea ? eeano aoea a?eueoith, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Oae, iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue i?ia iieiea aeaiiai eeano aeyaeaii o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi? – 42 ?c 50, ui noaiiaeoue 84% (caoa?aoaaiiy iieiea o i?ia??eao /a?ac 1 aiae aoei neiuei-noaeaaiai a?aeo?ieo). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui e?euee?noue aaeoa??e a 1 ie iieiea aoea iaioa a?ae 500 oen. E??i oeueiai, o aeai?e a?oi? aeyaeaii iaeiaioo e?euee?noue i?ia iieiea ?? ? ??? eeano, a?aeiia?aeii ?? eeano – 7 i?ia i?ioe 17 o eiio?ie? ? ??? – 1 i?iaa i?ioe 5 o eiio?ie?. Inoaii?i /anii aaeeeiai cia/aiiy i?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i?e aenia?oec? iieiea iaaeathoue e?eueeino? niiaoe/ieo ee?oei, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i o?c?ieia?/iee noai i?aai?cio oaa?eie, iayai?noue oa ia?aa?a oeo /e ?ioeo caiaeueieo i?ioean?a ye a naiiio i?aai?ci?, oae ?, cie?aia, o iiei/i?e caeic?, ui nooo?ai iiaea aieeiooe ia ye?noue iieiea. Oae, e?euee?noue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei o iieioe? aeine?aeieo ei??a i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? ci?ithaaeanue a?ae 461,1±11,2 oen/ni3 ia ia?oiio i?nyoe? o ?? aeine?aei?e a?oi? aei 355,9±7,3 oen/ni3 ia oinoiio i?nyoe? o IV a?oi?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o iieioe? ei??a on?o a?oi e?euee?noue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei ia ii/aoeo ? a e?ioe? eaeoaoe?? aoea aeaui aeuith, i?ae a na?aaeei?. ??aaiue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei a iieioe? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi (?–IV) a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae eiio?ieth, oi/a iaaia oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy ?o e?eueeino? o iieioe? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai niinoa??aaeanue i?ae e?iaoeue eaeoiaaiaco, ii/eiath/e c nueiiiai i?nyoey. Ioaea, o?eaaea i?aeaiae?aey ei??a i?ae /an eaeoaoe?? aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie (cae?cii, i?aeaeth oa ia?aaioeai) o aeaeyae? nieae (noeueoao?a), a iniaeeai oaeaoieo eiiieaen?a c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii, iiceoeaii a?aeia?aceeinue ia i?aaiieaioe/ieo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo iieacieeao yeino? iieiea, ui na?ae/eoue i?i cia/ii aeuo iiaeeaio oe?ii?noue aeaiiai i?iaeoeoo. Iaea?aeaia iieiei a?ae ei??a on?o aeine?aeieo a?oi a?aeiia?aeaei aeiiaai aea?aeaaiiai noaiaea?oo Oe?a?ie (AeNOO 3662-97). AEeoo?caeaoi?noue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo, iaea?aeaieo a?ae i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a. Iaie aoei i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? noinothoueny aeeai? iane iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?? ?c ianith iaoa?? i?e o?eaae?e i?aeaiae?ae? aaa?oieo ei??a aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie, a naia cae?cii, i?aeaeth oa ia?aaioeai (oaae. 4). Oae, aeeaa iana ei??a ia ii/aoeo nooinoith o ??cieo a?oiao eieeaaeanue a?ae 420,0±7,9 aei 436,8±10,7 ea. AEeaa iana iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo o iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe? ci?ithaaeanue a?ae 26,2±0,33 o eiio?ie? aei 29,58±0,89 ea o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao, aea ei?iaai aeiaeaaaee aei ?aoe?iio noi?o? aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a, aeeaa iana iiaiia?iaeaeaieo Oaaeeoey 4 AEeaa iana iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?? aei aeeai? iane iaoa?? i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ?aoe?iio nooino?eiei ei?iaai aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a, M ± m, n = 5. IieacieeA ? o i e o a a ? e iEiio?ieue??????IVAEeaa iana ei?iae ia ii/. noo. (ea) 436,8±10,7 432,8±8,2 425,8±8,0 420,0±7,9 428,2±7,2A?e oaeyoe (aei?)11111AEeaa iana oaeyoe (ea) 26,20±0,33 * 28,32±0,43 27,44±0,33 26,80±0,38 ** 29,58±0,89Ni?aa?aei. i?ae ae. i.oaeyoe ? ae. i. iaoa?? (%) 6,0±0,12 6,5±0,21 6,4±0,17 6,4±0,17 *** 6,9±0,15oaeyo aoea aeuith, i?ae o eiio?ie?: o ? a?oi? ia 2,12 ea (8,1%), o ??–1,24 ea (4,7%), o ???–0,6 ea (2,3%) ? o IV a?oi? ia 3,38 ea (12,9%). Noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiei oaea c?inoaiiy aeeai? iane aoei o ? oa IV aeine?aeieo a?oiao (P<0,05; P<0,02). E??i oeueiai, ciath/e iano iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai oaeyoe ? iano iaoa??, iaie aoei ae?aooaaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ieie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaeuei aeaiee iieaciee aoa o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi? – 6,9±0,15% (P<0,01), ui ia 0,9% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Ioaea, i?iaiae?coaaaoe iaea?aeai? iaie aeai?, anoaiiaeaii, ui o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao aeeaa iana iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo aoea a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia c?inoaiiy aeeai? iane oaeyo niinoa??aaeinue o IV a?oi?, ei?iae yei? aeiaeaoeiai io?eioaaee oaeaoi? eiiieaene cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii. A?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia/?iee oa aeayeeo i?aai?a ?ioiii? nenoaie oaeyo 16-aeaiiiai a?eo, iaea?aeaieo a?ae i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a. C iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao aeiaaaie aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a aei ?aoe?iio i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a i?ioyaii eaeoaoe?? oa nooinoith ia a?noieia?/i? iieacieee aeayeeo i?aai?a ia?iaeaeaieo a?ae ieo oaeyo, ie i?iaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ia/?iee, oeiona, a?eaeiaeo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a, naeac?iee. A ?acoeueoao? a?noieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oeaiei ia/?iee oa i?aai?a ?ioiii? nenoaie (oeion, e?ioaoe/iee aocie, naeac?iea) 16-aeaiieo oaeyo iieacaee, ui o oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeii? a?oi iniaeeaeo, ??ceeo a?aei?iiinoae o ii?oieia?/i?e aoaeia? oeeo i?aai?a ia anoaiiaeaii. *anoi/ee oeiona oaeyo aeine?aeii? a?oie iaee aeia?a ?icaeiaio, iane/aio e?ioi?aeieie aeaiaioaie, /?oei a?aeiaaeiaaio e??eiao ?a/iaeio, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoaoith e?euee?noue caoenieo ?ioiieo ee?oei. Oa ae naia iiaeia neacaoe i?i e?ioaoe/iee aocie oa naeac?ieo. A?noieia?/ia aoaeiaa oeeo i?aai?a o oaeyo eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeii? a?oi aeaco? ia oa, ui o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei ? iiaiioe?ii? ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? uiaei ?ioiiiai caoenoo. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy nieae oa oaeaoieo niieoe aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a o ?aoe?ii? ei??a. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeaiae?aey ei??a i?ae /an eaeoaoe?? aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie aeaea cia/iee ae?iaie/ee ? aeiiii?/iee aoaeo o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao aac aeiyoeo. Aeiaeaoeiaa aaaaeaiiy aei ?aoe?iio eaeooth/ei ei?iaai niieoe cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth cieceei nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe iieiea o ? a?oi? ia 7,3, o ?? - ia 3,1, o ??? - ia 7,1 ? o IV a?oi? ia 17,4% a?aeiinii eiio?ieth. Anoaiiaeaii c?inoaiiy /enoiai i?eaooeo ia 1 oe iieiea ia 8,7–42,6%. I?e oeueiio i?aeaeueeanue ?aioaaaeuei?noue ia 4,2-23,5%. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui iaeieae/a nia?aa?o?noue 1oe iieiea, iaea?eueoee i?eaooie oa iaeaeua ?aioaaaeuei?noue aoee o IV aeine?aei?e a?oi?, ei?iaai yei? aeao?oeeoi? i?e?iaeaiaioe aei ?aoe?iio aeiaeaaaee o oi?i? oaeaoieo eiiieaen?a c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii. Ioaea, ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui canoinoaaiiy iao?iiao?a aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a o ?aoe?ii? eaeooth/eo ei??a ? aeiiii?/ii aea?aei?oei, i?ae iai?aai?/ieo nieae. Aeo?aoe ia ?o i?eaeaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy iiai?noth ieoiiaothoueny aeiaeaoeiaei aeioiaeii. AENIIAEE 1. O ei?iao oa aiae? naeyinueei? ni?eee “Eiein” ssai??anueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano? anoaiiaeaii aeao?oeeo cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth a?aeiia?aeii ia 70; 50 ? 30 %. Iaeieae/ee ??aaiue cae?ca aeyaeaii o caeai?e ian? aeeii?oaiee – 2,52 ia/ea, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth o ae/oe? ei?iiaiai ao?yea – a?aeiia?aeii 0,34 oa 1,46 ia/ea iaoo?aeueii? ?a/iaeie. 2. Caaaa/aiiy ?aoe?iio ae?eieo ei??a aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie noeoiii c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii ni?eyei ii?iae?caoe?? aaiiiiaoe/ii? ooieoe?? (c?inoaiith e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a ia 3,8-12,6% oa ??aiy aaiiaeia?io ia 2,8-12,9%), iiceoeaii a?aeia?aceeinue ia a?eeiaiio iai?i?: ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 1,7-12,2% a?aeaoaaeinue a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie aeueaoi?i?a (a ia?o?e iieiaei? eaeoaoe?? ia 2,28-3,57%) oa aaia-aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe?? a e?ioe? eaeoiaaiaco ia 1,02-1,67% c iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi aeoeaiino? ai?iio?ainoa?ac e?ia? – ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace ia 4,0-9,8% ? aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace ia 5,7-12,8%. 3. I?aeaiae?aey ei??a i?ae /an eaeoaoe?? iao?iiaoaie aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a iiceoeaii a?aeia?aceeanue ia i?ia?aeueiiio neeaae? e?ia?: ??aaiue eaeueoe?th ca?eueoeany ia 1,9-10,2%, iaai?th - 2,5-12,6%, cae?ca - 6,6-27,9%, i?ae? - 3,5-18,4% oa ia?aaioeth - 6,7-34,9% caeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo eaeoaoe??. 4. A ?acoeueoao? caiaeiaoaaiiy eaeooth/ei ei?iaai iao?iiao?a cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth anoaiiaeaii ca?eueoaiiy ?o ??aiy o iieioe? a?aeiia?aeii ia 9,1; 15,9 ? 8,9%. 5. Iineeaiiy iai?iieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? ae?eieo ei??a, iie?auaiiy aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ?aoe?iio i?e eiai ei?aeoe?? aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie (o oi?i? iao?iiao?a) ni?eyei i?aeaeuaiith iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeine?aeieo ei??a (c?inoaiith na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai iaaeith iieiea iaoo?aeueii? aee?iino? ia 11,3%, caaaeueiiai iaaeith ca eaeoaoe?th - 10,5%, e?eueeino? iiei/iiai aee?o - 18%). 6. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? aenia?oece iieiea, iaea?aeaiiai a?ae ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi, yeei caiaeiaoaaee noi?o? aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae?, ia?aaioeth) o aeaeyae? nieae, ? iniaeeai iao?iiao?a, anoaiiaeaii c?inoaiiy u?eueiino? iieiea ia 0,36-2,16 0A, ai?noo nooi? ?a/iaeie - 0,30-0,87%, aee?o - 0,05-0,23%, caaaeueiiai a?eea - 0,04-0,24%, eaca?io - 0,03-0,19%, nooiai ciaaee?aiiai iiei/iiai caeeoeo - 0,25-0,65%, ciee - 0,04-0,12%. Ii?yae ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeuaiaaaaeaieo iieaciee?a anoaiiaeaii iacia/ia cieaeaiiy eeneioiino?, ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? niiaoe/ieo ee?oei o iieioe? i?ae e?iaoeue eaeoaoe?? oa cieaeaiiy ??aiy aaeoa??aeueiiai ian?iai?iiy iieiea, ui na?ae/eoue i?i e?auee nai?oa?iee noai aeaiiai i?iaeoeoo. 7. Iieiei, iaea?aeaia a?ae ei??a, yeei caiaeiaoaaee oaeaoi? eiiieaene aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a c iao?ii?iii, iaei e?au? i?aaiieaioe/i? iieacieee (niae, caiao, eie??, eiinenoaioe?th) ? a?aeiia?aeaei aeuiio aaooieo ca?aeii aea?aeaaiiai noaiaea?oo Oe?a?ie (AeNOO 3662-97 “Iieiei ei?ia’y/a iacae?aia”). 8. I?e i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a o nooino?eiee ia??iae aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie o oi?i? nieae (noeueoao?a) oa ?o oaeaoieie niieoeaie c iao?ii?iii (iao?iiaoaie) anoaiiaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy a iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a o e?ia? ia 8,1-9,5%, eiioeaio?aoe?? aaiiaeia?io ia 8,7-11,3%, caaaeueiiai a?eea = 9,6-10,8% ca ?aooiie aaia-aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe?? c iaeii/aniei c?inoaiiyi aeoeaiino? AnAO ia 2,3-11,0% ? AeAO - 2,0-11,1%, i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? eaeueoe?th oa iaai?th ia 8,6 ? 10,8%. 9. I?aeaiae?aey nooino?eieo ei??a aeao?oeeoieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie iiceoeaii aieeaaea ia aeeao iano iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo, yea c?inea ia 0,6-3,38 ea, ui ia 2,3-12,9% aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie?. 10. I?e a?noieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ia/?iee oa ie?aieo i?aai?a ?ioiii? nenoaie (oeion, e?ioaoe/iee aocie, naeac?iea) oaeyo, iaea?aeaieo a?ae aeine?aeieo ei??a, iniaeeaeo a?aei?iiinoae o ii?oieia?/i?e aoaeia? oeeo i?aai?a ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai ia aeyaeaii. O oeion? oaeyo aeine?aeii? a?oie niinoa??aaeanue aeinoaoiy e?euee?noue caoenieo oa ?ioiieo ee?oei, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iiaiioe?ii?noue ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae aei ?ioiiiai caoenoo. 11. Aeiaeaoeiaa aaaaeaiiy aei ?aoe?iio eaeooth/ei ei?iaai iao?iiao?a cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth aoei aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeai?oei, i?ae canoinoaaiiy nieae: nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe iieiea cieceeanue ia 17,4%, /enoee i?eaooie c??n ia 42,6%, ?aioaaaeuei?noue i?aeaeueeanue ia 23,5%. I?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao 1. Aeey ae?aaiinoeee ??aiy caaacia/aiino? ei??a cae?cii, i?aeaeth oa ia?aaioeai i?iaiaeeoe aiae?c ei?i?a, aiaee, e?ia? oa iieiea. 2. Aeey ii?iae?caoe?? iai?iieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? ei??a, ca?eueoaiiy ?o iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa iie?auaiiy aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo iieaciee?a yeino? iieiea iaiao?aeii o a?aeiia?aeieo a?iaaio?i?/ieo ciiao aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio ei?iaai, ye i?ae /an eaeoaoe??, oae ? nooinoith, aeiaeaoeiai aaiaeeoe niieoee cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii a iioeiaeueieo aeicao – FeMet (0,05) + CuMet (0,05) + MnMet (0,05) ia/ea iane o?ea oaa?eie uiaeaiii. 3. Iaea?aeai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?aeiiaiaeo?ii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey /eoaiiy eaeoe?e ? i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? aenia?oece oa o?c?ieia?? oaa?ei. Nienie iniiaieo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. A?eai/oe ?.A., E?aaoe?a ?.E. Aeoeai?noue o?ainai?iac ne?iaaoee e?ia? ae?eieo ei??a i?ae aieeaii aeiaaaie aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a // Aenia?eiaioaeueia oa ee?i?/ia o?c?ieia?y ? a?io?i?y. – 1997. – o.2. – N.254-256. 2. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A. I?e?iaeaiaioiee oii ei?i?a ciie Euea?anueeiai Iie?nny // Eieaa iaoeiaeo noaoae “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeeoeeie, a?ieia??, aaoa?eia??? ? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa”. – Euea?a. - 1997.– ei.3. – N. 88-90. 3. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A. Eiioeaio?aoe?y eaeueoe?th oa iaai?th a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? eaeooth/eo ei??a i?ae ae??th i?e?iaeaiaioieo aeiaaaie // Eieaa iaoeiaeo noaoae “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeeoeeie, a?ieia??, aaoa?eia??? ? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa”. - Euea?a. – 1997. – ei.3. – N. 90-91. 4. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A. Aieea i?e?iaeaiaioieo aeiaaaie ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a oa ye?ni? iieacieee iieiea // Ca??iee noaoae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa”. – Euea?a. – 1997. – N. 328-329. 5. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A., Naeaoa A.C., A?ieaae/ A.ss. O?c?ieia?/i? oa i?iaeoeoeai? aoaeoe ooaeiae ? ioeoe? ca ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioii-a?oai?iiiai aeeaeaiiy // O?c?ieia?/iee aeo?iae. – 1998. – o.44, ?3. – N. 232. 6. A?eai/oe ?.A., E?aaoe?a ?.E. ??aaiue cae?ca a iieioe? ei??a i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ?oiueiai ?aoe?iio aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a // N?euenueeee ainiiaea?. – 1999. - ?3. – N. 3-4. 7. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A., Ino?ianueeee ss.TH. Oaeaoi? eiiieaene i?e?iaeaiaio?a o ?aoe?iiao ei??a // Iaoeiaee a?niee Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai. – 1999. – Aei.2. – N. 6-10. 8. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A. Aeao?oeeo i?e?iaeaiaio?a o ?aoe?ii? ae?eieo ei??a oa can?a ? aoaeoeai?noue eiai iiaeieaiiy a cii? Euea?anueeiai Iie?nny // Ca??iee iaoa??ae?a i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie aaoa?eia?ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i?: caeiaooee oa i?iaeaie”. – Oa?e?a. – 1997. - N. 165. 9. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A., Ia?e?a A.I. Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee nooino?eieo ei??a i?e ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy // Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? “A?ieia?/i? iniiae aeeaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei”.-Euea?a. - 1998. – N. 11-12. 10. E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A. C?inoaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa iie?auaiiy aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo iieaciee?a yeino? iieiea ca i?e?iaeaiaioii? ei?aeoe?? ?aoe?iio // ?ioi?i. eenoie, Ea OeIOA?, ?01-99. – Euea?a. – 1999. – 4 n. A?eai/oe ?.A. O?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aai?cio ei??a oa ?o oaeyo ? aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ia ioe?iea iieiea ca i?e?iaeaiaioii? ei?aeoe?? ?aoe?iio. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.06 – aaoa?eia?ia nai?oa??y oa a?a??ia. – Euea?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai, Euea?a, 1999. A aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, iia’ycai? ?c i?e?iaeaiaioiith ei?aeoe??th ?aoe?ii?a ei??a oeyoii aeiaeaaaiiy aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a o oi?i? nieae ? oaeaoieo eiiieaen?a (c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii) aei ?aoe?iio oa ?o aieea ia iai?ii? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci?, iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i? iieacieee yeino? iieiea. Eiiieaenieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii ai?no i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae?, oeeieo, ia?aaioeth ? naeaio) o ei?iao, aiae?, e?ia? oa iieioe?, ia iniia? /iai aeyaeaii ??aaiue caaacia/aiino? ei??a aeua caaaeaieie i?e?iaeaiaioaie. Cie?aia, ?aoe?iie aoee aeao?oeeoi? ca ai?noii cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth. Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeuei? aeice i?e?iaeaiaio?a (nieae oa oaeaoieo niieoe), ye? caaacia/oaaee ii?iae?caoe?th iai?iieo i?ioean?a, i?aeaeuaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa iie?auaiiy aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo iieaciee?a yeino? iieiea. Aaeainoaaiiy ?aoe?ii?a eaeooth/eo ei??a oaeaoieie niieoeaie i?e?iaeaiaio?a (cae?ca, i?ae? oa ia?aaioeth) noeoiii c iao?ii?iii a?eueo aoaeoeaia, i?ae canoinoaaiiy iai?aai?/ieo nieae. ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy iao?iiao?a, ye ei?iiai? aeiaaaee ei?iaai i?ae /an eaeoaoe?? ? nooinoith caeaaeii a?ae a?iaaio?i?/ieo cii Oe?a?ie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ia aenia?oeca, i?e?iaeaiaioe, iao?ii?i, oaeaoe, cae?ci, i?aeue, ia?aaiaoeue, ye?noue, i?iaeoeoeai?noue, iieiei ei?ia’y/a. Bilenchuk R. Physiological and Biochemical Characteristic of Cows Bodies and their Calves and Veterinary and Sanitary Milk Evaluation at Trace Elements Ration Correction. – Typescrips. Thesis presented for a scientific degree of candidate of Veterinary Sciences on speciality 16.00.06 – Veterinary Sanitation and Hygiene. – Lviv State Academy of Veterinary Medicine named after S.Z.Gzhytskyj, Lviv, 1999. Thesis presents the results of conducted researches connected with trace elements’ rations correction of cows by means of adding deficient trace elements in the form of salts and chelate complexes (with amino acid methionine) to the ration and their influence on the bodies metabolic processes, milk productivity and veterinary and sanitary data of milk quality. Complex researches have proved the content of trace elements (iron, copper, zinc, manganese and selenium) in feed stuff, water, blood and milk which help to show the level of cows providing with aforementioned trace elements. Specifically, rations were deficient in content of iron, copper and manganese. Optimal trace elements doses (salts and chelate compounds) providing of milk productivity and improving of veterinary and sanitary data of milk quality have been determined. Balancing of lactal cows’ rations by chelate trace elements compounds (iron, copper and manganese) combined with methionine is more effective than using of inorganic salts. We have elaborated recommendations to use methionate as feed supplement to cows during lactation and barn-feeding period depending on biogeochemical zones of Ukraine. Key Words: veterinary and sanitary examination, trace elements, methionine, chelates, iron, copper, manganese, quality, productivity, cow’s milk. Aeeai/oe ?.A. Oeceieiai-aeioeie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aaiecia ei?ia e eo oaeyo e aaoa?eia?ii-naieoa?iay ioeaiea iieiea i?e iee?iyeaiaioiie ei??aeoeee ?aoeeiia. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.06 - aaoa?eia?iay naieoa?ey e aeaeaia. - Eueaianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu eiaie N.C.Aaeeoeeiai, Eueaia, 1999. A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee, naycaiiua n iee?iyeaiaioiie ei??aeoeeae ?aoeeiiia ei?ia iooai aeiaaaeaiey aeaoeoeeoiuo iee?iyeaiaioia a oi?ia nieae e oaeaoieo eiiieaenia (n aieiieeneioie iaoeiieiii) e ?aoeeiio e eo aeeyiea ia iaiaiiua i?ioeannu a i?aaiecia, iiei/ioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, aaoa?eia?ii-naieoa?iua iieacaoaee ea/anoaa iieiea e aeecianiiniaiinoue iiai?iaeaeaiiuo oaeyo. Eiiieaeniuie enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaii niaea?aeaiea iee?iyeaiaioia (aeaeaca, iaaee, oeeiea, ia?aaioea e naeaia) a ei?iao, aiaea, e?iae e iieiea, ia iniiaaiee /aai auyaeai o?iaaiue iaania/aiiinoe ei?ia auoa oiiiyioouie iee?iyeaiaioaie. A /anoiinoe, ?aoeeiiu auee aeaoeoeeoiua ii niaea?aeaieth aeaeaca, iaaee e ia?aaioea. Nea?ieeaaiea aeaoeoeeoiuo iee?iyeaiaioia iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyei ia ii?oi-aeioeie/aneea iieacaoaee e?iae ei?ia ia i?ioyaeaiee eaeoiaaiaca e nooinoiy: aaiiiiyoe/aneoth ooieoeeth einoiiai iicaa, ieeneeoaeueii-ainoaiiaeoaeueiua i?ioeannu a i?aaiecia, aaeieneioace?othuoth ooieoeeth ia/aie, i?ioeannu yia?aiia?aciaaiey e ieia?aeueiiai iaiaia. I?e aaaaeaiee a ?aoeeii iiaeiiuoiuo ei?ia aeaoeoeeoiuo iee?iyeaiaioia (aeaeaca, iaaee, ia?aaioea) a oi?ia iai?aaie/aneeo nieae e eo niaaeeiaiee n aieiieeneioie iaoeiieiii auyaeaii oaaee/aiea niaea?aeaiey aeaiiuo iee?iyeaiaioia a iieiea ei?ia anao a?oii, iniaaiii a a?oiia aeeaioiuo, eioi?ui nea?ieeaaee iaoeiiaou. Ca ia?eiae eaeoaoeee o?iaaiue aeaeaca, iaaee e ia?aaioea a iieiea ei?ia aeaiiie a?oiiu oaaee/eeny niioaaonoaaiii ia 3,1-9,1; 3,3-15,9 e 3,4-8,9%. Oneeaiea iaiaiiuo i?ioeannia a i?aaiecia aeieiuo ei?ia, oeo/oaiea eniieueciaaiey ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa ?aoeeiia i?e aai ei??aeoeee aeaoeoeeoiuie iee?iyeaiaioaie (a oi?ia iaoeiiaoia) iiauoaei iiei/ioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue (iiauoaiea n?aaeianooi/iiai oaeiy iaoo?aeueiie aee?iinoe ia 11,3%, iauaai iaaeiy ca eaeoaoeeth ia 10,5%, eiee/anoaa iiei/iiai aee?a ia 18%). Aaoa?eia?ii-naieoa?iay yenia?oeca iieiea, iieo/aiiiai io ei?ia iiuoiuo a?oii, iieacaea, /oi nea?ieeaaiea ei?iaai aeaoeoeeoiuo iee?iyeaiaioia (aeaeaca, iaaee, ia?aaioea) a aeaea nieae e a iniaaiiinoe iaoeiiaoia iaania/eaaei iiauoaiea ieioiinoe iieiea ia 0,36-2,16 0A, niaea?aeaiey nooiai aauanoaa ia 0,30-0,87%, aee?a ia 0,05-0,23%, iauaai aaeea ia 0,04-0,24%, eacaeia ia 0,03-0,19%, nooiai iaacaee?aiiiai iiei/iiai inoaoea ia 0,25-0,65%, cieu ia 0,04-0,12%. E?iia oaaee/aiey auoaoiiiyioouo iieacaoaeae, onoaiiaeaii iacia/eoaeueiia nieaeaiea eeneioiinoe e oiaiueoaiea eiee/anoaa niiaoe/aneeo eeaoie a iieiea iiae eiiaoe eaeoaoeee. Iieiei, iieo/aiiia io ei?ia, eioi?uo iiaeea?ieeaaee oaeaoiuie eiiieaenaie aeaoeoeeoiuo iee?iyeaiaioia n iaoeiieiii, eiaei eo/oea i?aaiieaioe/aneea iieacaoaee (aeon, caiao, oeaao, eiinenoaioeeth) e ioaa/aei aunoaio ni?oo niaeanii ainoaea?noaaiiiio noaiaea?oo Oe?aeiu (AeNOO 3662-97 “Iieiei ei?iauea oeaeueiia”). Niaea?aeaiea aeaeaca, iaaee e ia?aaioea a iieiea eieaaaeinue a i?aaeaeao a?aie/ii aeiionoeiuo eiioeaio?aoeee e iieiei, eae i?iaeoeo ieoaiey /aeiaaea iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny aac ia?aie/aiee. Iiaeei?iea nooinoieiuo ei?ia aeaoeoeeoiuie iee?iyeaiaioaie iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyea ia aeeaoth ianno iiai?iaeaeaiiuo oaeyo, eioi?ay aic?inea ia 0,6-3,38 ea, /oi ia 2,3-12,9% auoa, /ai a eiio?iea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aaeaine?iaaiea ?aoeeiiia eaeoe?othueo ei?ia oaeaoiuie eiiieaenaie iee?iyeaiaioia (aeaeaca, iaaee e ia?aaioea) aianoa n iaoeiieiii auei aieaa yeiiiie/anee yooaeoeaiaa, /ai i?eiaiaiea iai?aaie/aneeo nieae. Naaanoieiinoue 1 oe iieiea nieceeanue ia 17,4%, /enoay i?eaueue aic?inea ia 42,6%, a ?aioaaaeueiinoue ia 23,5%. ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ioiineoaeueii eniieueciaaiey iaoeiiaoia, eae ei?iiaie aeiaaaee ei?iaai ai a?aiy eaeoaoeee e nooinoiy a caaeneiinoe io aeiaaioeie/aneeo cii Oe?aeiu. Onoaiiaeaiu iioeiaeueiua aeicu iaoeiiaoia aeaeaca, iaaee e ia?aaioea, eioi?ua iaania/eaatho ii?iaeecaoeeth iaiaiiuo i?ioeannia a i?aaiecia ei?ia, iiauoatho iiei/ioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e oeo/oatho aaoa?eia?ii-naieoa?iua iieacaoaee ea/anoaa iieiea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaoa?eia?ii-naieoa?iay yenia?oeca, iee?iyeaiaiou, iaoeiiei, oaeaou, aeaeaci, iaaeue, ia?aaiaoe, ea/anoai, i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, iieiei ei?iauea.

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