I?I?NOA?NOAI AA?II?IIENEIAIAI

EIIIEAENO OE?A?IE

AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

*OIAE AEAAeENEAA IEAENAIAe?IAE*

OAeE : 636.4:612

O?C?IEIA?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss AEEI?ENOAIIss

I?AIA?AO?A AOIONIAI? I?E?IAeE ? IAO?AAeEOe?EIEO CAI?IIEE?A EI?I?A
IIEIAeIssEO NAEIAE

03.00.13 – o?c?ieia?y ethaeeie ? oaa?ei

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeE – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ii?iaeueii? i iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a o/aini? “Naia?nueeee” oa ENI “Ia?aiiaa”
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeaaeai?e AI AOO,

caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii?
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?,

A?eaai A?oae?e A?eai?iae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee
aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? ? iaoieia?/ii?

o?c?ieia?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oaa?ei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1. Aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI

Ni?oeinueeee Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

?aeoi?

2. Aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *i?iee Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?a??ie
oaa?ei

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii? ?
iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia??,

Eaa?iao I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i.
Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 26 ” n?/iy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08.804.04 i?e
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith
: 320070, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-70, aoe. Ai?ioeeiaa, 25, ei?ion ? 1,
aoaeeoi??y 342.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith :
320070, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-70, aoe. Ai?ioeeiaa, 25.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eanueyi N.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Naeia?noai — iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaia aaeocue
oaa?eiieoeoaa. Aaeaea aeei?enoaiiy oiciieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae naeiae,
caaeainiaaia aiae?aey ? iioeiaeuei? oiiae oo?eiaiiy aeicaieyoue a
iaeei?ioo? no?iee caaeiaieueieoe iio?aae noni?euenoaa o aenieieaei??eieo
i’ynieo i?iaeoeoao. Caaacia/aiiy iieiaeiyea ? iaoi/iiai iiaie?a’y
iiaeeaieie ?a/iaeiaie, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy ia?
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo aaeoc?. O ae??oaii? i?iaeaie iiaea
aeiiiiiaoe aeei?enoaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo aeaea?ae ei?io, cie?aia a?ee?a,
iaea?aeaieo a?ae i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ? i?ei?oeaieo oaa?ei
(A.A.Aiaaeaiia,1990, I.O.Iicae??i,1990, A.N.Iao?ia,1994,
A.?.Na?aeaioeia,1996, A.I.?eaaeei,1997 ? ?io?).

Cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny aeine?aeaeaiith iniaeeainoae iaoaaie?cio o
naeiae, aea/aiith ci?i ii?oieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? oa
?ioeo oeaiei c a?eii ? i?ae aieeaii a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei
(I.A.Eaanieoeueeee,1951, A.A.Ae??a,1974,E.A.Na?/?i,1976,
M.T.Yokoyama,1982,
TH.N.Eein,1991,I.Ae.Nei?uieia,1995,A.A.A?eaai,1994-1997,A.A.Ni?oeinueeee
, 1994, 1997, I.I.Aeniein, 1992, 1997 ? ?io?).

Aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae i?iyaey?oueny eeoa ca iioeiaeueieo oiia
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui aieeaathoue ia iai?i ?a/iaei, oa?aeoa?iee
aeey iaaiiai a?eo oaa?ei (I.A.*i?iee,1994, I.Ae.Aa?acianueeee,1997 ?
?io?).

Naia a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie caeaoi? nooo?ai aieeaaoe ia iaoaaie?/i?
i?ioeane, a /a?ac ieo ia ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??, i?iaeoeoeai?noue,
?ai?iaeoeoeaio caeaoi?noue ? no?ee?noue aei caoai?thaaiue
(A.?.I?e?oaiei,1994, ?.?.Eaeaoiee,1997 oa ?io?).

A e?oa?aoo?? ? cia/ia e?euee?noue iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Aea a?eueo?noue ?c ieo ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny c ??cieo i?e/ei: neeaaei? oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy,
aenie? cao?aoe i?aoe? i?e canoinoaaii? aaeeeiio iiaie?a’th oaa?ei,
o?eaaea ia?aaoaaiiy ?a/iaei aai ?o iaoaaie?o?a o oeaieiao, ui iiaea
iaaaoeaii a?aeaeaaoenue ia caei?ia’? ethaeae.

O ca’yceo c oeei aei ia?niaeoeaieo i?aia?aoia iaeaaeaoue iioiaeii oi?oo,
i?iaeoeoe aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aeeaeo i?aai?ci?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oe?
i?aia?aoe iathoue aaaaoiieaiiaee aieea ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai oaa?ei
(G.A.Visser,1972, A.A.A?eaai,1985-1997, I.I.Aeniein,1992, C.Goecke,1996,
E.?.TH?/aiei,1997 oa ?io?). Aei oeueiai ae eeano a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
?a/iaei iaeaaeaoue i?iaeoeoe aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aaeaeiee (ai?cie) ?
eae?oi?i?enueeiai /a?a’yea (?AAE). Iaeiae aeine?aeaeaiith ae?? oeeo
i?aia?ao?a ia iaoaaie?ci, ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ? no?ee?noue aei
caoai?thaaiue o naeiae i?eae?eaii iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae.

Ia aea/aiiy ?o aieeao ia ??no, ?icaeoie, a?eeiaee iai?i, iieacieee
aiiainoaco iieiaeiyea naeiae ? ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ni?yiiaaia iaoa
?iaioa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith oaiaoeeith. ?iaioa aoea
o?aaiaioii caaaeaiiy 5 i?iaeoo 14 “Aaoa?eia?ia caaacia/aiiy”
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie OAAI “I?iaeiaieuenoai-95”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? iaoaaie?cio o
iieiaeiyea naeiae o ??ci? o?c?ieia?/i? ia??iaee ? caeaaeii a?ae
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?iaoiaoo, ieneaoiaoo, ai?cieo oa
iao?aaeeoe?eiiai ei?io — i?iaeoeoo aa?ieeoeueoo?e.

Aeey ae??oaiiy aoee iinoaaeaii ianooii? ieoaiiy : 1) aea/eoe aeeiai?eo
ii?oieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? oa ?o niiaaiaeiioaiiy aeey
ioe?iee oiciieiai/iiai noaio naeiae, 2) aeineiaeeoe aoaeoeaiinoue
canoinoaaiiy aiieiai/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei a?ae?iaoiaoo, ieneaoiaoo,
ai?cieo ye ei?iiaeo aeiaaaie ia aei?iuoaaiii oa aiaeaiaeiaei naeiae, ?o
aieea ia iai?i ?a/iaei, i?iaeoeoeai?noue, caa?aaeaiiy oaa?ei, ye?noue
io?eiaii? i?iaeoeoe??, 3) anoaiiaeoe aieea ?aoe?ii?a ?c aa?ieeoeueoo?ith
ia iieacieee aiiainoaco, ??no ? ?icaeoie naeiae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa io?eiaii aeaii i?i
aieea aiae?iaoiaoo oa ieneaoiaoo ia ii?oieia?/i? iieacieee e?ia?,
i?ioa?iiaee iaiii, no?ee?noue aei caoai?thaaiue, i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
iieiaeiyea naeiae oa iieacieee yeinoi i?iaeoeoei?. Aea/aii iiaeeeainoue
aeei?enoaiiy aiicieo aeey noeioeyoei? iaoaaiei/ieo i?ioeania,
i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? aei caoai?thaaiue oa i?iaeoeoeaiino? naeiae.
Aea/aii iieacieee aiiainoaco ? i?iaeoeoeaiinoue naeiae i?e aeei?enoaii?
ei?iiai? aeiaaaee — i?iaeoeoo ia?a?iaee aa?ieeoeueoo?ith aiaeoiaeia
ae?iaieoeoaa (niiyoieeiai? eocae).

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oeiiiinoue ?iaioe. Iaea?aeaii aeai? i?i aieea
aiae?iaoiaoo, ieneaoiaoo, aiicieo ? aa?ieeoeueoo?e ia aei?iuoaaiii ?
aiaeaiaeiaei naeiae. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ai?cieo (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,1995) oa
a?ae?iaoiaoo (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,1998), ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeaiiino?oaaeenue ia iaeanieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo aenoaaeao
1995-1997 ?ie?a. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? c eo?n?a “O?c?ieia?y”, “A?io?i?y”, “Ee?i?/ia a?io?i?y”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o aeeiiaii? anueiai ianyao
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie, i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
e?ia? ? oeaiei, noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a, i?aeai?? oa ia?iaoe?
aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e. Ca o/anoth iaoeiaiai ea??aieea ? ni?aaaoi??a
ioae?eaoe?e i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Aea/aiiy aieeao aa?ieeoeueoo?e aeeiiaii o ni?ai?aoe?
c aeioe. A.A. Ieueoainueeei, caeiaoaa/ iniaenoi aeeiioaaa eaai?aoi?i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoei? aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo AeAeAO 1992-1997
??., VI Oe?a?inueeiio aiioiii/iiio c`?caei (Ee?a, 1992), iiaeaocianueeeo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeiyo: “Eioaineoeeaoeey
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a I?eaeiai?ianeii ?aaeiia”
(Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1991), “Ia?ioaeoe?eia iaoieia?y oaa?ei” (A?ea
Oea?eaa, 1995, 1998), “Aaoa?eia?i? oa ciioaoi?/i? i?iaeaie o
I?eaei?i?ianueeiio ?aa?ii?”, (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996), “Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu aao.iaaeeoeeiu e aao.-nai. eiio-?iey naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
i?iaeoeoeee” (Iineaa, 1997), “Yeieiae/aneea i?iaeaiu iaoieiaee,
oa?iaeieiaee e oa?aiee aeeaioiuo” (Ai?iiaae, 1997), “Ae?oaee
oe?a?inueeee oeaeaeaiue aano?iaioa?ieia?a” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeai? o 5 noaooyo, 2
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo oa 1 oac?.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 108
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 23 oaaeeoe?, 13 ?enoie?a.
?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c ?icae?e?a : anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae
oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue, aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia, aiae?c ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue, aeniiaee, i?iiiceoei?
ae?iaieoeoao, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui i?noeoue 360
iaeiaioaaiue, a oiio /ene? 60 ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee i?ioyaii 1991-1997 ?ie?a ia eaoaae?i
ii?iaeueii? ? iaoieiai/ii? oiciieiai? Aeiii?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oiiaa?neoaoo. Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia aeeiiaia ia iiaie?a’?
naeiae aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee a o/aini? «Naia?nueeee» AeAeAO oa
naeiieiiieaeni «Ia?aiiaa» Oiiaeianueeiai ?aeiio Aeiii?iiao?ianueei?
iaeanoi. Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeaia o oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a

Na??yOaia aeine?aeoE?euee?noue aie?aIa?oa

Ae?oaaAea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoaaie?cio :

1) ca a?eii,
a?e 4-10 i?n.

2) i?e ??ci?e ?ioaineaiino? aiae?ae? —

i?e na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?inoao iane o?ea 300 a ? 450 a

Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoaaie?cio

i?ae aieeaii a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei :

1) a?ae?iaoiaoo (?acii ?c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi o

ae?iaieoeoai),
a?e 2-10 i?n.

2) ieneaoiaoo,
a?e 2-7 i?n.

3) ai?cieo,
a?e 4-7 i?n.

4) ?ineeiii-aoaeaaiaeii-a?eeiaiai ei?io, a?e 4-7 i?n.

10

30

2618

75

64

30

Ia?oa na??y aeine?ae?a aoea ni?yiiaaia ia aea/aiiy ii?oieia?/ieo ?
a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a o ca’yceo c a?eii ? i?iaeoeoeai?noth naeiae. Aiia
neeaaeaeanue ?c aeaio aeine?ae?a.

O ia?oiio aeine?ae? ia iieiaeiyeo naeiae o a?eia? ia??iaee : 4 iin.,
i?e noaoaaiio aeic??aaii? (6 i?n.) ? i?e o?c?ieia?/iiio aeic??aaii? (10
iin.), aea/aee a?eia? iniaeeaino? ai?noo a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiiaeia?io,
eieuei?iaiai iieacieea, eaeeioeeo?a, caaaeueiiai a?eea ? eiai o?aeoe?e,
na/iaeie. A ae?oaiio — caeaaei?noue iieaciee?a iai?io ?a/iaei a?ae
?ioaineaiino? aiae?ae? ia naeiyo a?eii 4-10 i?n. i?e na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo
i?e?inoao iane o?ea 300 ? 450 a.

Ae?oaa na??y aeine?ae?a ni?yiiaaia ia aea/aiiy ae?? ie?aieo a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai, no?ee?noue aei caoai?thaaiue ?
i?iaeoeoeai?noue naeiae.

O ia?oiio aeine?ae? oe??? na??? aiae?coaaee iai?i ?a/iaei i?ae aieeaii
a?ae?iaoiaoo: ii?oieia?/i? iieacieee, o?aeoe?? caaaeueiiai a?eea,
eiiiiiaioe caeeoeiaiai acioo.

A?ae?iaoiao canoiniaoaaee c ei?iii iieiaeiyeo naeiae o aeic? 100 ia/ea
iane o?ea oeeeeaie ii 30 ae?a, c oaeei aea ?ioa?aaeii i?ae ieie. Ia
aeaio a?oiao ii 40 aie?a ii?inyo aecia/aee eiai aieea ia no?ee?noue aei
caoai?thaaiue i?e aeei?enoaii? i?aia?aoo a?ae?aco i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy o
a?oe? 2 i?n. i?ioyaii 4 oeaei?a o aeacai?e aeua aeic?.

O ae?oaiio aeine?ae? aecia/aee aieea ieneaoiaoo ia ii?oieia?/i?
iieacieee, o?aeoe?? caaaeueiiai a?eea, ai?no na/iaeie, e?aaoei?io,
aeoeai?noue ai?iio?ainoa?ac e?ia?, ia ii?oieia?/i? ? a?io?i?/i?
iieacieee yeino? i’yna ? naea. Ieneaoiao aeei?enoiaoaaee c ei?iii o
aeic? 150 ia/ea iane o?ea oeeeeaie ii 30 ae?a, c oaeei aea ?ioa?aaeii
i?ae ieie. Ia aeaio a?oiao ii 30 aie?a ii?inyo aecia/aee aieea
ieneaoiaoo ia no?ee?noue aei caoai?thaaiue i?e aeei?enoaii? a?ae?aco
i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy i?ioyaii 4 oeaei?a o aeacai?e aeua aeic?.

O aeine?aeao ?c ai?cieii aecia/aee ii?oieia?/i? iieacieee, ai?no
caaaeueiiai a?eea, aeueaoi?i?a, aetheice, iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o ?
n?aeiaeo eeneio. Ai?cie caiaeiaoaaee c ei?iii o aeic? 15 ia/ea iane o?ea
i?ioyaii 21 aeiae.

O aeine?aeao c aa?ieeoeueoo?ith (?AAE) aiae?coaaee ii?oieia?/i?
iieacieee, ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, aeueaoi?i?a, aetheice. ?AAE
aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey cai?ie /anoeie ?aoe?iio (ca?iinoi?o?) o oae?e
e?eueeino?, uia ai?no ee?oeiaeie ia ia?aaeuoaaa 5,5% a?ae nooi? ?a/iaeie
ei?io.

O eiaeiiio aeineiaei oi?ioaaee aeineiaeii ? eiio?ieueii a?oie ?c
ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo oaa?ei ca iaoiaeii a?oi-aiaeia?a. Oaa?eie
ciaoiaeeeenue a iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao aiaeiaei oa oo?eiaiiy, aea naei?
aeineiaeieo a?oi aeiaeaoeiai aei ?aoeiiio io?eioaaee aiaeiiaiaeio aeico
aiieiai/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei aai /anoeia ?aoeiiio caiiithaaeanue
aeaiaaeaioiith ca iiaeeaiinoth eieueeinoth
?ineeiii-aoaeaaiaeii-a?eeiaiai ei?io.

I?iae e?ia? o oaa?ei aeey aeine?aeaeaiue a?aee aei ?aieiai? aiae?ae? ?c
aooieo aai, aeey io?eiaiiy oe?eueii? e?ia? canoiniaoaaee oeeo?ao
iao??th. A e?ia? aecia/aee a?eo?ioeeoe, eaeeioeeoe ? aaiiaeiaii
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie, eaeeia?aiio – i?ae?aooieii ee?oei o
caaa?aeaiiio iaceo e?ia? (I.A.Ei?io/aiei,1987). A ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
aecia/aee aeoeaiinoue aiiiio?ainoa?ac ca ?aeoiai-O?aieaeai, e?aaoeiii –
ca Iiiia?ii, aetheico – aetheiciieneaeaciei iaoiaeii
(A.I.Aa?y/-eianueeee, 1994), caaaeueiee aieie – a?o?aoiaei iaoiaeii,
o?aeoei? caaaeueiiai aieea – iaoaeiiao?e/ii (A.?.Aioiiia,1991),
aaoa-eiiii?ioa?ie – ca Ao?ooaeiii, caeeoeiaee acio – c ?aaeoeaii
Iannea?a, acio ai?iieeneio – ca Ocaaeiaei (?.I.Eiiae?ao?i,1985),
na/iaeio ? iai?aai?/iee oinoi? (ca aeiiiiiaith iaai??a ?aaeoea?a
“Eaoaia”, *ao?y), niaeiai eeneioe – ca Aannii (?.A.Aaneeue?aa, 1982).

I?iae i’yna io?eioaaee ?c iaeaeiaoiai i’yca nieie, naea – iaae 6-7
a?oaeiei o?aaoeai. O i?iaao aecia/aee ieiuo «i’yciaiai ai/ea», aenioo
oieeo iaae 6-7 a?oaeiei o?aaoeai, aiino nooi? ?a/iaeie iaeaeiaoiai i’yca
nieie, naea ? ia/iiee – aenoooaaiiyi, eieuei?iaee iieaciee i’yna, ?I
i’yna – eiei?eiao?e/ii, aiino aee?o – iiney aeoiieaiiy, eeneioia /enei
aee?o – oeo?oaaiiyi (A.O.Ienee,1985), aieiaioo?eioth/o caeaoiinoue i`yna
(A.I.Iieeaiaea,1969), aiino iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o, oinoi?o oinoio?eic i
iae?ia?ai/ieo niieoe ic iieiaaeaiiaei ?aaeoeaii (O.E.Aeaeieeiaa, 1988).

Iaea?aeaii ?acoeueoaoe ii?aoeueiaoaaee a?iiao?e/ii (O.I.Eae?i,1990) c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aie EXCEL aeey WINDOWSE.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

1. A?eia? iniaeeaino? iieaciee?a e?ia? iieiaeiyea naeiae

oa ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino?

Ie i?iaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ia o?ueio a?eiaeo a?oiao naeiae i?e
iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao oo?eiaiiy c iaoith aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae
ii?oieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Iieacieee e?ia? iieiaeiyea naeiae a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo (M+m,
i=10)

IieacieeeIaeeieoe?

aei??oA?e 4 i?n.

A?e 6 i?n.

A?e 10 i?n.

A?eo?ioeeoe

Aaiiaeia?i

Eieuei?iaee iieaciee

Eaeeioeeoe

Caaaeueiee a?eie

A/A

Aeueaoi?ie

Aeueoa-aeiaoe?ie

Aaoa-aeiaoe?ie

Aaiia-aeiaoe?ie

Na/iaeiaO/e

a/e

A/e

a/e

a/e

a/e

a/e

a/e

iI/e5,800+0,280

104,7+7,1

0,92+0,07

10,990+1,130

67,30+1,20

1,00+0,07

33,1+1,2

10,3+0,7

13,8+1,1

14,8+1,1

6,2+0,75,160+0,290

77,6+4,9

0,77+0,05

8,880+0,980

75,70+1,09

0,92+0,06

35,5+1,6

6,3+1,1

7,9+0,6

26,6+2,1

12,6+1,65,290+0,300

124,6+10,4

1,16+0,05*

11,370+1,060*

72,40+1,03*

0,68+0,05**

28,6+1,2

10,7+0,7

12,7+0,6

21,9+1,6**

3,8+0,3* *?0,01, **?0,001

sse na?ae/aoue iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, c a?eii (ii??aithth/e a?oie a 4 ?
10 i?n.) c?inoathoue eieuei?iaee iieaciee ia 26% (?<0,01), ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 8% (?<0,01), aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a ia 48% (?<0,001), aea ciaioothoueny - a?eeiaee eiao?oe??io ia 32% (?<0,001) oa e?euee?noue na/iaeie ia 39% (?<0,01). I?ae /an noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy i?aenaeie?a (ii??aithth/e a?oie a 4 ? 6 i?n.) aeyaeee ciaioaiiy aaiiaeia?io ia 26% (?<0,01), aeueoa-aeiaoe?i?a ia 39% (?<0,01) ? aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a ia 43% (?<0,001), i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 11% (?<0,01), aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a ia 80% (?<0,05) ? na/iaeie ia 100% (?<0,01). Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia eeoa a?e, aea ? i?e?inoe iane o?ea iia’ycai? c ii?oieia?/ieie ? a?io?i?/ieie iieacieeaie e?ia? naeiae (oaae. 3). Oaaeeoey 3 Iieacieee e?ia? iieiaeiyea naeiae c ??ciith ?ioaineai?noth i?e?inoo iane (M+m, i=15) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oNa?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no 300aNa?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no 450 a A?eo?ioeeoe Aaiiaeia?i Eieuei?iaee iieaciee Eaeeioeeoe Caaaeueiee a?eie A/A Aeueaoi?ie Aeueoa-aeiaoe?ie Aaoa-aeiaoe?ie Aaiia-aeiaoe?ie Aaoa-e?iii?ioa?ie Na/iaeiaO/e A/e A/e A/e a/e a/e a/e a/e a/e iI/e5,120+0,180 83,4+1,7 0,79+0,03 9,710+0,680 70,8+0,8 1,10+0,05 35,7+0,8 10,9+1,0 8,4+0,9 19,7+1,3 3,8+0,2 9,6+0,96,530+0,250* 130,0+5,2*** 1,13+0,03*** 11,050+0,510 75,7+0,9*** 0,84+0,04*** 32,8+0,8** 12,7+0,6 13,3+0,5*** 20,9+1,5 4,6+0,2 6,3+0,6** *?0,1, **?0,01, ***?0,001 I?e aeueo i?e?inoao iane o?ea ie niinoa??aaee oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy a?eo?ioeeo?a, a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy aaiiaeia?io (?<0,001) ? eieuei?iaiai iieacieea ia 43% (?<0,001), caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 7% (?<0,001), aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a ia 27% (?<0,001), a a?eeiaee eiao?oe??io ciaiooaaany ia 24% (?<0,001), aeueaoi?ie ia 8% (?<0,05), na/iaeia ia 34% (?0,01). Iaeiae ie ia aeyaeee noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieo ci?i eaeeioeeo?a, aeueoa- ? aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a, aaoa-e?iii?ioa?i?a. Aeey ioe?iee aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae ii?oieia?/ieie i aiioiii/ieie iieacieeaie e?ia? oa i?iaeoeoeai?noth naeiae ?ic?aoiaai? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? (?en.1). Anoaiiaeaia iiceoeaia ei?aeyoe?y i?ae na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie iane oiea ? caaaeueiei a?eeii (+0,768+0,121, ?<0,001), aaoa-aeiaoe?iaie (+0,763+0,122, ?<0,001), aaiiaeia?iii (+0,524+0,161, ?<0,05), eieuei?iaei iieacieeii (+0,560+0,157, ?<0,05), aeueoa-aeiaoe?iaie (+0,582+0,154, ?<0,05), ? iaaaoeaia – c na/iaeiith (-0,845+0,101, ?<0,001), aeueaoi?ii-aeiaoe?iiaei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi (-0,506+0,163, ?<0,01). picscalex100010009000003da0700000400970000000000050000000b0262054a000500 00000c02781419010400000004010d00040000000601020007000000fc02000000000000 0000040000002d01000009000000fa02050000000000ffffff002200040000002d010100 660000002403310038011d0602011d06d400d205cb00c505c100c005b900c105b900f205 bb000b06c4001306d8001506d8001d067c001d067c0015068b00140693000f069800f205 98009105960077058f0070057c006d057c006605d8006605d8006d05c3007005bc007505 b9009105b900b505bf00b505d600ae05e000a305e9009105f60074050401680517016305 290169052f0176052a0182051e0187051301850506018205fd008505f7009105ed00a905 e000b705ee00c0050901ea0521010e063801150638011d0607000000fc020000ffffff00 0000040000002d01020009000000fa02000000000000000000002200040000002d010300 040000002d010000040000002d010100560000003805020017001100d6004806fc005006 19016806290185062f01a6062c01bf062301d8061501ee060201fe06ec000707d4000b07 af000207a000f8069200ea068300cc067e00ab06810092068a00790699006306ab005406 c0004b06d6004806d6004806d0005506bb005c06aa007206a3009a06a700c006b300df06 c500f506dd00fc06ef00f806fd00ec060601d7060a01b50604018a06f4006906e4005a06 d0005506d0005506040000002d010200040000002d010300040000002d01000004000000 2d01010050000000380502001b000a00a7008107ac00a507bb00c107d100d207ea00d807 fb00d6070901ce071601c1072001ac072601b0071e01ca070d01e207f700f307db00f907 bc00f207a200df079000c1078b009a0791007007a3005107be003d07df003607fb003b07 12014b072101620726018107a7008107a7007507fc007507f8005d07e9004b07d4004407 c4004807b6005107ac006107a7007507a7007507040000002d010200040000002d010300 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0300040000002d010000040000002d010100660000002403310038015f1102015f11d400 1311cb000611c1000211b9000211b9003311bb004d11c4005511d8005711d8005f117c00 5f117c0057118b00551193005111980033119800d2109600b9108f00b2107c00af107c00 a710d800a710d800af10c300b110bc00b710b900d210b900f610bf00f710d600f010e000 e510e900d210f600b6100401aa101701a5102901aa102f01b8102a01c4101e01c9101301 c6100601c310fd00c710f700d310ed00eb10e000f910ee00021109012c1121014f113801 571138015f11040000002d010200040000002d010300040000002d010000040000002d01 0100560000003805020017001100d6008a11fc0092111901aa112901c7112f01e8112c01 0012230119121501301202013f12ec004912d4004c12af004412a0003a1292002b128300 0e127e00ed118100d4118a00bb119900a511ab009611c0008d11d6008a11d6008a11d000 9711bb009d11aa00b311a300dc11a7000112b3002112c5003712dd003e12ef003a12fd00 2e12060118120a01f7110401cb11f400aa11e4009c11d0009711d0009711040000002d01 0200040000002d010300040000002d010000040000002d0101006c000000380502002200 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000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 i i e a c i e e e 1 – a?eo?ioeeoe 4 – eaeeioeeoe 7 – aeueaoi?ie 10 – aaiia-aeiaoe?ie 2 – aaiiaeia?i 5 – caaaeueiee a?eie 8 – aeueoa-aeiaoe?ie 11 - na/iaeia 3 – eieuei?iaee iieaciee 6 – A/A 9 – aaoa-aeiaoe?ie ?en.1. Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? i?ae iieacieeaie e?ia? oa ?ioaineai?noth ?inoo iieiaeiyea naeiae Oaeei /eiii, ye iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?eueo?noue iieaciee?a e?ia? o naeiae iathoue nooo?a? ci?ie c a?eii oa caeaaeii a?ae ??aiy ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oae, c a?eii iaea?eueo? ci?ie aeyaeythoue aaiia-aeiaoe?ie ? na/iaeia, i?e ??ci?e ?ioaineaiino? aiae?ae? – aaiiaeia?i, aaoa-aeiaoe?ie ? na/iaeia, iaeaeuo iiceoeaio ei?aeyoe?th c i?e?inoaie iane o?ea iathoue caaaeueiee a?eie ? aaiia-aeiaoe?ie, a iaaaoeaio – na/iaeia. Ie aaaaea?ii, ui ii?oieia?/i? ? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey eiio?ieth ca ?ioaineai?noth ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo iieiaeiyea naeiae, a oaeiae aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?. 2. Iniaeeaino? iai?io ?a/iaei o naeiae i?ae aieeaii aiae?iaoiaoo A?aoiaoth/e iiceoeaio ae?th i?aia?aoia aoioniai? i?e?iaee i?e canoinoaaiii ?o c eieoaaeueiith ? i?ioieaeoe/iith iaoith iieiaeiyeo oaa?ei ? ioeoe?, ie aeine?aeaeoaaee iiaee i?aia?ao - aiae?iaoiao aeey noeioeyoe?? iaoaaie?cio, i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? aei caoai?thaaiue ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o naeiae. Iaie aea/aeanue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy aiae?iaoiaoo ii?inyoai aeey i?io?eaeoeee ?iceaae?a o?aaeaiiy, ui aeeeeeai? no?an-?aaeoe??th ia a?aeeo/aiiy. Ca /an niinoa?aaeaiue o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aeyaeaii 12 oai?eo ii?inyo (30% a?ae a?oie), ?c ieo 7 caaeioei, a a aeine?aei?e a?oi? caoai??ei 5 (12,5% a?ae a?oie), ?c ieo caaeioei 2 oaa?eie. Caa?aaeai?noue noaiiaeea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 82,5%, a a aeine?aei?e 95%, oiaoi i?e aeei?enoaii? a?ae?iaoiaoo c?inea ia 12,5% Ie canoiniaoaaee aiae?iaoiao iieiaeiyeo naeiae c iaoith iineeaiiy aiaaiei/ieo i?ioeania a i?aaiicii oaa?ei oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?o no?eeino? aei caoai?thaaiue ? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi. Ca /an niinoa?aaeaiiy i?ioyaii 4 i?n. aeyaeaii na?aae naeiae eiio?ieueii? a?oie 42 caoai??eeo (3,91 % a?ae a?oie), a na?aae aeineiaeii? - 18 (1,23% a?ae a?oie), ui aeaco? ia i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? aei caoai?thaaiue oa aaeaioaoeieieo iiaeeeainoae o oaa?ei, yei io?eioaaee aiae?iaoiao. Na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane o naeiae eiio?ieueii? a?oie a?eii 6-10 i?n. neeaaeaee 402 a, a a aeine?aei?e – 482 a, oiaoi aoee a?eueo? ia 80 a aai 19,9%. ?acoeueoaoe aieeao a?ae?iaoiaoo ia ii?oieia?/i? iieacieee e?ia? naeiae a?eii 10 i?n. iaaaaeaii o oaae. 4. Oaaeeoey 4 Aieea aiae?iaoiaoo ia ii?oieiai/ii iieacieee e?iai naeiae (I+m, i=10) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia A?eo?ioeeoe Aaiiaeia?i Eieuei?iaee iieaciee Eaeeioeeoe Iaeo?io?ee Aiceiio?ee Aacio?ee Iiiioeeoe E?ioioeeoeO/e a/e A/e A/e A/e A/e A/e A/e5,828+0,356 148,1+8,7 1,28+0,15 9,190+1,018 2,883+0,212 0,511+0,110 0,017+0,012 0,234+0,042 5,545+0,7796,791+0,358* 172,0+4,1** 1,29+0,04 11,673+0,832 3,564+0,386 0,513+0,064 0,072+0,032 0,374+0,058 7,177+0,485* *?0,1, **?0,05 O e?iai oaa?ei aeineiaeii? a?oie aiino aaiiaeiaiio aoa aeuee ia 15% (?<0,05), a a?eo?ioeeoe iaee oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy. Cia/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a a?eueo?, i?ae oea iiaeeeai iiynieoe ci?iith i?e aeueo i?e?inoao iane, ? ie aaaaea?ii, ui oea na?ae/eoue i?i noeioethth/ee aieea a?ae?iaoiaoo ia aaiiiiac. Caaaeueiee ai?no eaeeioeeo?a ? ?o ie?aieo eean?a iaeaea ia ci?ieany, i?ioa aeyaeaia oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy e?ioioeeo?a o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie. Ie i?iaiaeicoaaee aeayei iieacieee acioenoiai iai?io iiae aieeaii aiae?iaoiaoo a naeiae a?eii 10 i?n. (oaae. 5). Oaaeeoey 5 Aieea aiae?iaoiaoo ia iieacieee acioenoiai iaiiio o e?iai naeiae (M+m, i=10) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia Caaaeueiee a?eie A/A Aeueaoi?ie Aeueoa-aeiaoe?ie Aaoa-aeiaoe?ie Aaiia-aeiaoe?ie Aaoa-e?iii?ioa?ie Caeeoeiaee acio Ai?iacio Na/iaeiaa/e a/e a/e a/e a/e a/e a/e ia/e iI/e72,4+0,3 0,62+0,06 27,12+1,56 10,70+0,69 12,70+0,58 21,90+1,57 4,33+0,12 1,07+0,10 54,7+1,7 3,77+0,3084,0+1,9*** 0,53+0,05 28,80+2,23 14,30+0,77** 13,50+0,93 27,40+2,47* 5,35+0,25** 0,99+0,04 91,6+7,7*** 5,15+0,11*** *?0,1, **?0,01, ***?0,001 Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy aiae?iaoiaoo nooo?ai aieeioei ia noai iaoaaieicio, cie?aia ia iieacieee a?eeiaiai iai?io, ui caeaaeaoue aiae ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ia/?iee. Oae, caaaeueiee aieie o oaa?ei aeineiaeii? a?oie c?in ia 16 % (?<0,001) ii?iaiyii ic eiio?ieai, i?e/iio oea aiaeaoeinue ca ?aooiie caieueoaiiy aeiaoeiiia. Iai?eeeaae, cia/ii iiaeaeueany aiino aeueoa-aeiaoeiiia (?<0,01), aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a (?<0,1), aaoa-eiiii?ioa?i?a (?<0,01), aiiiacioo (?<0,001), na/iaeie (?<0,001). C?inoaiiy caaaeueiiai a?eea, aeueoa- ? aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a, aaoa-e?iii?ioa?i?a a?eueoa, i?ae i?e oeueiio ??ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (ii??aithth/e c oaae.3). Oaeei /eiii, iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui a?ae?iaoiao ye ei?iiaa aeiaaaea o ?aoe?iiao naeiae, ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaa?ei, noeioeth? a?eeiaee iai?i ? aaiiiiac, i?aeaeuo? caa?aaeai?noue ii?inyo i?e no?aniaeo noaiao, caaacia/o? iaea?aeaiiy aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe??. 3. Aeei?enoaiiy ieneaoiaoo aeey noeioeyoe?? iai?io ?a/iaei o iieiaeiyea naeiae Ie aeineiaeeee iiaeeea?noue oa aeioeieuei?noue aeei?enoaiiy o naeia?noai iiaiai i?aia?aoo aoioniai? i?e?iaee, yeee aiae?iciy?oueny iniaeeainoyie oaoiieiai? aeaioiaeaiiy. Ioe?ithaaee aieea ieneaoiaoo ia iieacieee aiiainoaco, no?ee?noue oaa?ei aei caoai?thaaiue, ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa iieacieee yeinoi naeieie. Iaie aea/aeanue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ieneaoiaoo ii?inyoai aeey i?io?eaeoeee ?iceaae?a o?aaeaiiy, ui aeeeeeai? no?an-?aaeoe??th ia a?aeeo/aiiy. Ca /an niinoa?aaeaiue o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aeyaeaii 5 oai?eo ii?inyo (16% a?ae a?oie), a a aeine?aei?e caoai??ei 2 (7% a?ae a?oie), oiaoi a 2,5 ?aca iaioa. ?acoeueoaoe ca ii?oieia?/ieie iieacieeaie e?ia? i?aenaeie?a i?e aeei?enoaii? ieneaoiaoo iaaaaeai? o oaae. 6 ? 7. Oaaeeoey 6 Aieea ieneaoiaoo ia iieacieee /a?aiii? e?iai ii?inyo a?eii 4 i?n. (M+m, i=10 ) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia A?eo?ioeeoe: eaaai/eee naeiee Aaiiaeia?i: eaaai/eee naeiee Eieuei?iaee eaaai/eee iieaciee: naeiee Eaeeioeeoe : eaaai/eee caeieeO/e O/e a/e a/e A/e A/e5,415+0,590 6,118+0,778 127,0+7,0 139,0+13,0 1,18+0,15 1,17+0,08 14,419+2,061 14,231+0,2846,936+0,278* 6,278+0,305 130,0+3,0 139,0+6,0 0,94+0,04 1,10+0,08 12,600+2,204 11,960+2,754 *?0,05 Ieneaoiao ni?eya c?inoaiith a?eo?ioeeo?a o eaaai/ee?a ia 28% (?<0,05), ye ? ne?ae i/?eoaaoe i?e aeueo i?e?inoao iane. O oie aea /an ia ?io? iieacieee aieeao ieneaoiaoo ia aeyaeaii. Oaaeeoey 7 Iieacieee a?ei? e?iai o ii?inyo a?eii 4 i?n. i?e caiaeiaoaaii? ieneaoiaoo(M+m,i=10) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia Eaeeioeeoe: eaaai/eee naeiee Iaeo?io?ee Aiceiio?ee Aacio?ee Iiiioeeoe E?ioioeeoeA/e A/e A/e A/e A/e A/e A/e14,419+2,061 14,231+0,284 3,440+0,800 0,670+0,120 0,260+0,060 0,250+0,090 9,840+0,74012,600+2,204 11,960+2,754 2,770+0,410 0,530+0,140 0,190+0,050 0,470+0,080 8,350+1,220 Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ia aeyaeea noaoenoe/ieo a?aei?iiinoae o e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a ? ?o eean?a i?ae oaa?eiaie iaio a?oi. O eaaai/ee?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e?ino iane aoa 505 a, o naeiie – 448 a, a a aeine?aei?e a?oi? a?aeiia?aeii 579 a ? 495 a, oiaoi ieneaoiao ni?eya i?aeaeuaiith ?ioaineaiino? i?e?inoo iane o eaaai/ee?a ia 14,65%, a a naeiie ia 10,49%. O oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e?ino aeeai? iane na?aae eaaai/eeia ii?iaiyii ic naeieaie aoa aeuee ia 57 a aai 12,72%, a a oaa?ei aeineiaeii? a?oie aiaeiiaiaeii ia 84 a aai 16,97%. Oea aeaco? ia oa, ui aaea c 2-i?ny/iiai a?eo nooo?ai i?iyaeythoueny noaoaa? a?aei?iiino? a i?e?inoao iane o?ea, cie?aia o a?aeiia?aeue ia noeioethth/? i?aia?aoe. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ca iieacieeaie a?eeiaiai iai?io o e?iai iieiaeiyea naeiae i?e aeei?enoaii? ieneaoiaoo iaaaaeaii o oaae. 8 Oaaeeoey 8 Aieea ieneaoiaoo ia acioenoee iaiii o iiaenaeieia a?eii 7 i?n. (M+m, i=10) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aeii?oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia Caaaeueiee a?eie Aeueaoi?ie Aeueoa-aeiaoe?ie Aaoa-aeiaoe?ie Aaiia-aeiaoe?ie A/A Aeoeai?noue AEAO Aeoeai?noue ANAO Na/iaeia E?aaoei?ia/e a/e a/e a/e a/e ieI/eaiae ieI/eaiae iI/e ieI/e75,2+1,5 33,6+2,2 6,3+1,1 7,9+0,6 26,6+2,1 0,87+0,10 183+25 267+14 12,6+1,6 141,4+10,576,1+1,2 28,8+0,8* 16,9+1,3**** 13,4+1,4*** 17,9+0,4*** 0,62+0,03** 366+20**** 204+24 10,6+1,4 123,8+11,5 *?<0,1, **?<0,05, ***?<0,01, ****?<0,001 Aeei?enoaiiy ieneaoiaoo ia aieeaaei ia ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea ne?iaaoee e?ia?, aea aeeeeeaei ci?ie o ni?aa?aeiioaii? eiai o?aeoe?e. Oae, cia/ii ca?eueoeeanue e?euee?noue aeueoa-aeiaoe?i?a (?<0,001), aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a (?<0,01), ciaioeany ai?no aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a (?<0,01) oa aeueaoi?i?a (?<0,1). I?e ii??aiyii? iieaciee?a acioenoiai iai?io naeiae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ? i?e ??ci?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? (oaaeeoe? 2 ? 3) aeyaey?oueny, ui ieneaoiao aeeeeeaa i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo aeueoa-aeiaoe?i?a, ciaioaiiy aeueaoi?i?a ? aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a, ia aieeioa ia ??aaiue aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a ? na/iaeie. Aeoeai?noue aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace o e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie aoea oaea?/? aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (?<0,001). I?ioa o a?oe? 5 i?n. aiia neeaaeaea o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei 544+65 ieI/eaiae, a o aeine?aeieo 530+54 ieI/eaiae, oiaoi niinoa??aa?oueny oaeoe/ia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino?, aea ieneaoiao cia/ii niia?eueith? oeae i?ioean. Aiaeiii ic eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ui aeei?enoaiiy aiieiai/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei iicia/a?oueny ia yeino? i?iaeoeoei?. Aeey ioe?iee aieeao ieneaoiaoo ia ye?ni? iieacieee naeieie ie i?iaaee caaie naeiae i?e aeea?e ian? 70 ea (oaae. 9). Oaaeeoey 9 Iieacieee ooo iieiaeiyea naeiae iiney aeei?enoaiiy ieneaoiaoo (M+m, i=3 ) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia Aenioa oieeo, Ieiua “i’yciaiai a?/ea”, Eieuei?iaee iieaciee, Aieiaioo?eioth/a caeaoi?noue, ?I i’yna Nooa ?a/iaeia o i’yn? nae? O neeaae? oieeo aee? Eeneioia /enei aee?o Iai?aai?/iee oinoi? a i’ycao, ii ni2 Ao1000 % % % % ia EII ieI/a22,00+1,22 20,87+1,53 62+2 54,0+1,2 5,87+0,03 29,0+1,5 87,0+1,5 69,0+3,3 0,62+0,03 7,00+0,2022,00+2,02 24,13+2,10 66+6 54,0+3,5 5,87+0,03 26,3+1,5 83,7+2,2 64,0+0,3 0,67+0,02 6,90+0,03 Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui iieacieee i?iaeoeoe?? a?ae oaa?ei iaio a?oi ia iathoue noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieo a?aei?iiinoae, a ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiaio naeieio iiaeia aiaeianoe aei i?iaeoeoei? na?aaeiuei? yeino?. Canoinoaaiiy ai?cieo ye noeioeyoi?a iai?iieo i?ioean?a o iieiaeiyea naeiae I?i iiceoeaiee aieea ia i?aaiici ethaeae i oaa?ei i?iaeoeoia aaeaeieueieoeoaa aiaeiii aeaaii. A inoaiii ?iee ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieiai? ia?a?iaee ne?iaeie, io?eiaii? aiae aaeaeieueieoeoaa, aeei?enoiaothoueny i?aia?aoe aeey i?io?eaeoeee ? eieoaaiiy caoai?thaaiue ethaeae ? oaa?ei. Ie aea/aee ae?th ai?cieo (ai?ioia ?c o?ea aaeae?e) ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai oa iai?i ?a/iaei o naeiae. Nii/aoeo aoa i?iaaaeaiee aeineiae ii anoaiiaeaiith iioeiaeueii? aeice aiicieo. Aeey oeueiai i?ioyaii 3 oeaei?a canoiniaoaaee aiicie ia?o?e aeineiaeiie a?oii o aeici 5 ia/ea aeeai? iane, a ae?oa?e oa o?ao?e – ii 10 oa 15 ia/ea aiaeiiaiaeii. I?ney caaa?oaiiy caiaeiaoaaiiy ai?cieo i?iaaee aiae?c iieaciee?a e?ia? o oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeieo a?oi (oaae. 10). Oaaeeoey 10 Iieacieee e?iai iiaenaeieia a?eii 6 i?n. i?e aeei?enoaiii aiicieo (I+m, i=10 ) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oia1 aeine?aeia a?oia2 aeine?aeia a?oia3 aeine?aeia a?oiaA?eo?ioeeoe Aaiiaeia?i Eieuei?iaee iieaciee Eaeeioeeoe Caaaeueiee a?eie Aeueaoi?ie A/A AetheicaO/e a/e A/e a/e a/e iI/e5,160+0,290 77,6+4,9 0,77+0,05 8,880+0,980 76,2+1,6 37,2+2,3 0,97 4,93+0,625,400+0,210 77,9+4,1 0,75+0,09 9,220+0,460 74,8+2,0 37,0+2,2 0,98 4,76+0,394,710+0,090 92,1+2,7 0,98+0,11 10,130+0,390 75,0+2,1 36,2+2,8 0,93 4,48+0,285,250+0,360 102,3+2,4* 1,00+0,06 8,830+0,970 76,6+1,3 35,4+3,1 0,91 4,98+0,45*?0,001 Ai?no aaiiaeia?io o e?ia? oaa?ei ae?oai? aeine?aeii? a?oie aoa aeuee ia 11,9%, o oaa?ei o?aouei? aeine?aeii? a?oie - ia 31,8 % ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai. O oaa?ei oeeo aea a?oi c??n eieuei?iaee iieaciee. ?io? iieacieee ciaoiaeeeenue o iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ieo ii?i ? ia a?ae??ciyeenue o oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeieo a?oi. Ca /an aeineiaeo na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe iane o naeiae eiio?ieueii? a?oie noaiiaeee 370 a, o ia?o?e aeineiaei?e a?oi? 460 a (aeua ia 90 a aai ia 24,32%), o ae?oa?e - 435 a(aeua ia 65 a aai ia 17,57%), o o?ao?e - 465 a(aeua ia 95 a aai ia 25,68%). Oaeei /eiii, ia iniia? iieaciee?a e?ia? ? i?e?inoo iane o?ea ca iioeiaeueio aoea i?eeiyoa aeica ai?cieo - 15 ia/ea iane o?ea. I?ney aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? aeice i?aia?aoo ie i?iaaee aeine?ae ii aeei?enoaiith ai?cieo iieiaeiyeo naeiae ia aei?iuoaaii? (oaae. 11). Oaaeeoey 11 Iieacieee e?ia? i?aenaeie?a 5 i?n. a?eo i?e aeei?enoaii? ai?cieo (I+m, i=10 ) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia A?eo?ioeeoe Aaiiaeia?i Eaeeioeeoe Caaaeueiee a?eie Aeueaoi?ie A/A Iai?aai?/iee oinoi? N?aeia? eeneioe O/e a/e A/e a/e a/e iI/e A o 10005,820+0,340 82,0+1,3 8,330+1,410 65,4+1,6 35,9+1,0 1,21+0,02 1,88+0,16 55,0+4,05,940+0,650 91,0+1,2* 9,110+1,030 68,1+1,3 37,4+0,7 1,22+0,01 1,90+0,16 58,0+6,0*?0,001 Aeei?enoaiiy ai?cieo coiiaeei c?inoaiiy aaiiaeia?io ia 15% (?0,001), a ai?no ?ioeo iieaciee?a aoa ia ??ai? cia/aiue, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey naeiae oeueiai a?eo ? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oaeei /eiii, ye iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai?cie ia aeyaea oiene/ii? ae??, iineethaaa aaiiiiac ? ni?eya i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? naeiae. 5. Aeei?enoaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eii? ei?iiai? aeiaaaee ia iniia? aa?ieeoeueoo?e iieiaeiyeo naeiae Ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy oaa?ei ei?iaie, iniaeeai i?ioa?iiaeie, ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey naeia?noaa. Iaeiei ic oeyoia eiai ae??oaiiy ? ia?a?iaea ei?iia aa?ieeoeueoo?ith. Iiaeeaia oeiiiinoue niiyoieeiai? eocae aeey naeiae iecueea /a?ac aenieee aiino eeioeiaeie ? iaeo e?euee?noue ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io. Canoinoaaiiy eocae ye noano?aoo aeey aeeaeaiiy eaeioi?iienueeiai aeiuiaiai /a?a’yea aeicaiey? io?eiaoe iiaee ei?i, aaaaooee ia aenieiyeiniee i?ioa?i oa c iaioei aiinoii eeioeiaeie. Ie i?iaaee aeineiae ii aecia/aiith aieeao aa?ieeoeueoo?e (?AAE) ia ??no ? aiiainoac iieiaeiyea naeiae. Iiae /an aeineiaeo aea/aee i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, ii?oieiai/ii oa aiioiii/ii iieacieee e?iai oaa?ei. I?e aeei?enoaii? ?AAE o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e?ino iane noaiiaea 409 a, a a eiio?ieueii? – 348 a, oiaoi c??n ia 61 a aai 17,53%. Ia 1 ea i?e?inoo aeeai? iane oaa?eie aeineiaeii? a?oie aeo?aoeee 4,86 EIae, a eiio?ieueii? a?oie 5,71 EIae. Iieacieee aiiainoaco i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei iaaaaeai? o oaae. 12. Oaaeeoey 12 Ii?oieiai/ii oa aiioiii/ii iieacieee e?iai iieiaeiyea naeiae i?e caiaeiaoaaiii ?AAE (M+m, i=10 ) IieacieeeIaeeieoe? aei??oEiio?ieueia a?oiaAeine?aeia a?oia A?eo?ioeeoe Aaiiaeia?i Eieuei?iaee iieaciee Eaeeioeeoe Caaaeueiee a?eie Aeueaoi?ie A/A Aetheica O/e a/e A/e a/e a/e iI/e4,354+0,144 82,4+3,4 0,95+0,02 15,300+0,676 72,3+3,3 31,6+1,1 0,80+0,08 5,08+0,224,540+0,110 80,6+4,1 0,89+0,03 10,500+0,670** 74,0+3,7 38,6+2,8* 1,19+0,19* 3,80+0,12*** *?0,1, **?0,01, ***?0,001 E?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ? ai?no aaiiaeia?io o oaa?ei iaio a?oi ia iaee a??ia?aeii? a?aei?iiino?, a eaeeioeeo?a o e?ia? naeiae eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoei ia 49% a?eueoa (?0,01). O oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie a?aecia/aia oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy aeueaoi?i?a ? a?eeiaiai eiao?oe??ioo oa ciaioaiiy aetheice (p<0,001) o ii??aiyii? ?c eiio?ieai. ??aaiue a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiiaeia?io ? eaeeioeeo?a o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie aoa iiae?aiee, a ai?no aeueaoi?i?a aeuee, i?ae na?aaei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a e?ia? aeey oeueiai a?eo ? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai ei?io aeey naeiae ia aeeeeea? iia??oaiiy iieaciee?a aiiainoaco, ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo. Caiaeiaoaaiiy ?ineeiii-aoaeaaiaeii-a?eeiaiai ei?io ?c niiyoieeiai? eocae, ia?a?iaeaii? aa?ieeoeueoo?ith, ye cai?iieea ca?iinoi?o? o e?eueeino?, ui ia ia?aaeuo? aeiionoeiee ??aaiue ee?oeiaeie o ?aoe?ii?, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i?enoinoaaiiyi naeiae aei ei?iiaiai i?iaeoeoo. AENIIAEE 1. Ii?oieia?/i? ? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? iieiaeiyea naeiae caeaaeaoue a?ae a?eo oa ?ioaineaiino? i?e?inoo iane o?ea. C a?eii c?inoathoue eieuei?iaee iieaciee, ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a, aea ciaioothoueny a?eeiaee eiao?oe??io, e?euee?noue na/iaeie. I?ae /an noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy i?aenaeie?a ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue aaiiaeia?io, aeueoa- ? aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a, aea i?aeaeuo?oueny ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a ? na/iaeie. 2. I?e aeuiio ??ai? aiae?ae? o naeiae c?inoa? e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiiaeia?io, eieuei?iaee iieaciee, ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a, ciaioo?oueny a?eeiaee eiao?oe??io, ai?no aeueaoi?i?a, na/iaeie. Anoaiiaeaia iiceoeaia ei?aeyoe?y i?ae na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie iane oiea ? ai?noii caaaeueiiai a?eea ne?iaaoee e?ia?, aeueoa- ? aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a, aaiiaeia?io, eieuei?iaei iieacieeii, a iaaaoeaia – c e?euee?noth na/iaeie, a?eeiaei eiao?oe??ioii. 3. Canoinoaaiiy a?ae?iaoiaoo c ei?iii o aeic? 100 ia/ea iane o?ea oeeeeaie ii 30 ae?a i?aeaeuo? ai?no aaiiaeia?io, caaaeueiiai a?eea, aeueoa-aeiaoe?i?a, aaoa-e?iii?ioa?i?a, coiiaeth? oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy a?eo?ioeeo?a, e?ioioeeo?a, aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a. I?e aeei?enoaii? i?aia?aoo ciaioo?oueny caoai?thaai?noue o a?aeeo/aieo ii?inyo ia 17,5%, o iieiaeiyea ia 2,7%, c?inoathoue na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe ia 19,9%. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?iaoiaoo ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a iane o?ea neeaea 5,6 a?i. ia 1 a?i. aeo?ao. 4. Aeei?enoaiiy ieneaoiaoo c ei?iii o aeic? 150 ia/ea iane o?ea oeeeeaie ii 30 ae?a i?aeaeuo? ai?no aaiiaeia?io, aeeeeea? ia?a?iciiae?e o?aeoe?e caaaeueiiai a?eea: ca?eueoaiiy aeueoa-aeiaoe?i?a ? aaoa-aeiaoe?i?a, ciaioaiiy aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a ? oaiaeaoe?th aei ciaioaiiy aeueaoi?i?a; oo?eio? ia aenieiio ??ai? aeoeai?noue aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace. I?aia?ao ciaioo? caoai?thaai?noue a?aeeo/aieo ii?inyo ? i?aenaeie?a ia 9%, i?aeaeuo? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe ia 10-15%. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ieneaoiaoo ca ?aooiie io?eiaiiy aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaea 3,6 a?i. ia 1 a?i. aeo?ao. 5. I?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo naeiae i?ae aieeaii aoi?iiaeo i?aia?ao?a ia noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iaaaoeaiei aieeaii ia ye?noue i’yna ? naea. 6. Ai?cie ye ei?iiaa aeiaaaea iie?ioo? o?c?ieia?/iee noai naeiae, i?aeaeuo? ai?no aaiiaeia?io i?e a?aenooiino? ae?aciiai aieeao ia ?io? iieacieee e?ia?. Ai?cie i?aeaeuo? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe o na?aaeiueiio ia 15%. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ai?cieo ca ?aooiie io?eiaii? aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaea 2 a?i. ia 1 a?i. aeo?ao. 7. Caiaeiaoaaiiy ?ineeiii-aoaeaaiaeii-a?eeiaiai ei?io ?c niiyoieeiai? eocae, ia?a?iaeaii? aa?ieeoeueoo?ith, aeey /anoeiai? cai?ie ca?iinoi?o? o oaeeo e?eueeinoyo, uia ??aaiue ee?oeiaeie ia ia?aaeuoaaa 5,5% a?ae nooi? ?a/iaeie ?aoe?iio, ia aeeeeea? iia??oaiiy iieaciee?a aiiainoaco, ni?ey? a?eueo ?ioaineaiiio ?inoo naeiae, i?i ui na?ae/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a iane ia 17,5%. NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. A?eaai A.A., Aiaoayi A.A., Eeuoeeia E.I., Aa?ai/aiei A.A., Eanueyi N.N., *oiae A.A. e ae?. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth aieciea /i/aeeiie ioee/ aeey iiauoaiey anoanoaaiiie ?acenoaioiinoe e i?iaeoeoeaiinoe aeeaioiuo.-Aeiai?iiao?iane.-1996.- 4n. 2. Ieueoaineee A.A., Nieioa Ae.E., Iaeueieeia E.A., *oiae A.A. Eniieueciaaiea a ?aoeeiiao naeiae ei?iiaie aeiaaaee n aa?ieeoeueoo?ie// Oace aeii. eiio. “Aao. oa ciioaoi.i?iaeaie o I?eaei?i?ianueeiio ?aa?ii?”.-Aei-nuee.-1996.-N.7-9. 3. *oiae A.I. Acioenoee iai?i o iieiaeiyea naeiae oa eiai ei?aeoe?y a?ae?iaoiaoii//I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.-1998.-?1.-N.5-8. 4. A?eaai A.A., *oiae A.I., Aa?auoe I.?. Aeei?enoaiiy ieneaoiaoo c iaoith ei?aeoe?? iai?io ?a/iaei oa i?io?eaeoeee caoai?thaaiiino? iieiaeiyea naeiae//Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie.-1998.-? 6 .-N. 16-17. 5. A?eaai A.A., *oiae A.I. Aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?iaoiaoo aeey ei?aeoe?? iaoaaie?cio o iieiaeiyea naeiae// A?niee A?eioea?e?anueeiai AeAO.-Aei.5. –*.2. –A?ea Oea?eaa. –1998. –N. 140-143. 6. A?eaai A.A., *oiae A.I., Aa?auoe I.?. Canoinoaaiiy ai?cieo ye oeaiaaiai i?aia?aoa aeey iieiaeiyea naeiae// A?niee A?eioea?e?anueeiai AeAO.-Aei.5. –*.2. –A?ea Oea?eaa. –1998. –N. 143-144. 7. *oiae A.I., Aa?auoe I.?. Ci?ie a?eo?iiiaco o iieiaeiyea naeiae a iioiaaiac?, i?e ??ci?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa aeei?enoaii? a?inoeioeyoi??a// O?c?ieia?/iee aeo?iae.-1998. -Oii 44. -?3. –N.242-243. 8. A?eaai A.A., Aiaoayi A.A., Aa?ai/aiei A.I., Eanueyi N.N., Noai/aiei E.I., *oiae A.I. oa ?i. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith a?ae?iaoiaoo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei oaa?eiai ? ioeoe?. -Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.-1998. –5n. O iieiaeiyea aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee naeiae aea/aii ci?ie iai?io ?a/iaei c a?eii, i?e ??ci?e ?ioaineaiino? aiae?ae? ? i?e aeei?enoaii? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei oa aa?ieeoeueoo?e. O e?ia? naeiae aecia/aee ai?no a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiiaeia?io, eaeeioeeo?a, eaeeioi?ioeo, caaaeueiee a?eie ? eiai o?aeoe??, caeeoeiaee acio ? eiai eiiiiiaioe, o?i?/iee neeaae naeieie. Ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy iai?io ?a/iaei, i?iaeoeoeaiino?, no?eeino? aei caoai?thaaiue cana?ae/eei aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?iaoiaoo, ieneaoiaoo, ai?cieo, aa?ieeoeueoo?e ? aeioe?euei?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy o naeia?noa?. O iieiaeiyea e?oiiie aaeie ii?iaeu naeiae eco/aiu eciaiaiey iaiaia aauanoa n aic?anoii, i?e ?acee/iie eioaineaiinoe ei?ieaiey e i?eiaiaiee aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aauanoa e aa?ieeoeueoo?u. A e?iae naeiae ii?aaeaeaiu y?eo?ioeeou, aaiiaeiaei, eaeeioeeou, eaeeioi?ioea, iauee aaeie e aai o?aeoeee, inoaoi/iue acio e aai eiiiiiaiou, oeie/aneee ninoaa naeieiu. N?aaieoaeueiia eco/aiea iaiaia aauanoa, i?iaeoeoeaiinoe e onoie/eainoe e caaieaaaieyi iieacaei yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey aeae?iaoiaoa, ieneaoiaoa, aieciea, aa?ieeoeueoo?u e oeaeaniia?aciinoue eo eniieueciaaiey a naeiiaiaenoaa. In youth pigs of the Big White breed is studied changing of metabolism during their ontogenesis, under the different intensity of feeding and using of biologically active materials and vermiculture. In pigs` blood defined contents of erythrocytes, haemoglobin, leukocytes and its classes, general protein and its factions, remaining nitrogen and its components, chemical composition of pork. Comparative study of metabolism, efficiency and general resistance has shown advantage of using hydrohumate, oxyhumate, apizole, vermiculture and practicability of their applying in pigs. .Eeth/ia? neiaa: aiiainoac, i?io?eaeoeea, a?inoeioeyoi?e, aoi?iia? i?aia?aoe, aa?ieeoeueoo?a, ii?oieia?y e?ia?, o?aeoe?? aieea, naeieia. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiiainoac, i?ioeeaeoeea, aeinoeioeyoi?u, aoieiiaua i?aia?aou, aa?ieeoeueoo?a, ii?oieiaey e?iae, o?aeoeee aaeea, naeieia. Key-words: homeostas, prevention, biostimulants, humic preparations, vermiculture, blood morphology, factions of protein, pork..

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