OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss Ae?OEA?NOAA

I A ? A ? I N Ue E E E

?iiai ?aaiiae/

OAeE 655.225:681.41+773.93

O?CEEI-O?I?*I? INIIAE OAOIIEIA?? OI?IOAAIIss

IAE?I- OA I?E?I?AEUe?OIEO IIN??A ?IOI?IAOe??

C OIOIIIE?IA?ECAOe?EIICAeAOIEO IAOA??AE?A

IA INIIA? IE?AIAO??AE?EEAO?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.01 — Iaoeie ? i?ioeane

iie?a?ao?/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e aeaaeai?? ae?oea?noaa (I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie) ? ?inoeooo? o?ceee iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(i.*ainoioiaa, Iieueua).

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: — Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? E?oee ?aai Aaneeueiae/ (?inoeooo o?ceee, iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, i. *ainoioiaa, Iieueua)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Eiaee?i Ai?en Oeiio?eiae/ (Iineianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
ae?oeo, i?ioani? eaoaae?e niaoe?aeueieo aeae?a ae?oeo).

— Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *aoiai ss?ineaa ?aaiiae/
(Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ae?oea?noaa, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iie?a?ao?/ieo
iaoei, i.Euea?a).

— Aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeeia Aaea??e Aaneeueiae/ (?inoeooo
o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
iieaeoey?ii? o?ceee iie?ia??a, i. Ee?a).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo», aeaeaaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iee
oaeoeueoao.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.101.01 a Oe?a?inuee?e aeaaeai??
ae?oea?noaa (Oe?a?ia, 290020, i.Euea?a, aoe. I?aeaieinei, 19).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ae?oea?noaa (i. Euea?a, aoe. I?aeaaeueia, 17).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 30 eeiiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ae?aee/ A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoi? iaoa??aee
(OII) ca inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy cae?enieee ?aaiethoe?ei? ia?aoai?aiiy a
eeane/ieo ? iiai/anieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao o aaeoc? ia?a?iaee
oaenoiai-?ethno?aoe?eii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ae??oeaoe caaaeueiia?aeii?
neeaaei? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? ? nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie oeeo
oaoiieia?e. Aiie ciaeoee oe?iea canoinoaaiiy o oi?iieo i?ioeanao
iaeaea an?o eeane/ieo ? niaoe?aeueieo niinia?a ae?oeo, a oaeiae o
no/anieo iioe/ieo ? aeaeo?iiieo oaoiieia?yo caieno, a?aeoai?aiiy,
caa??aaiiy ? oe?aaeoaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? (iioe/i? aeenee, aieia?aie oiui)
oa a iie?a?ao?/iiio iaoa??aeiciaanoa? (oa?ae, eaee, eea?, caoeni?
iie?eooy, iaoa??aee aeey i?ei?aaee oiui). Aac ieo ia iaoiaeyoueny
no/ani? oaoiieia?? a iie?a?ao??, ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?oe?, i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaii?
oa ?ioeo aaeocyo iaoee ? oaoi?ee.

O oie aea /an oaeineiiaeaiiy oa iioe?aiiy OII ? oaoiieia?e ia ?o
iniia? no?eio?oueny iaaeinoaoi?i oai?aoe/iei ia??oiooaaiiyi aieeao ia
ye?noue cania?a caieno ?ioi?iaoe?? (CC?) nooiaiy no?oeoo?iiai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy OII, ca’yceo i?ae iei ? o?i?/iith i?e?iaeith
eiiiiiaio?a, aca?iiae?e a nenoaiao ??ciiai neeaaeo, oioi?iaeoeiaaieo,
iioe/ieo, aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aoaeo?a oa oa?aeoa?o ?o ci?i o i?ioean?
oioio?i?/iiai oi?ioaaiiy (OOO), aieeao ciai?oi?o iie?a oa ?ioeo
o?ce/ieo /eiiee?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy OII oaoiieia?e iioe/ieo aeene?a, aieia?ao?? oiui
noaaeoue a?eueo aei?noe? aeiiae uiaei aaee/ei ? noaa?eueiino?
oa?aeoa?enoee OII, cie?aia, iioe/ieo. Oea, a naith /a?ao, aeiaaa?
??oioiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiiaio?a ? OII ia iieaeoey?iiio ?
iaaeiieaeoey?iiio ??aiyo. Aeei?enoaiiy aeey i?e?i?aeue?oieo CC? eaca?ii?
oaoi?ee aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae aieeao
aenieiaia?aaoe/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia OII, iayaiino? ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o ia
a?aieoe? ?icae?eo «??aeea eiiiiceoe?y — oaa?aeee iaoa??ae», iiaeeeaino?
?nioaaiiy iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo aoaeo?a oiui.

?acoeueoaoe iacaaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue OII
oa oaoiieia?e ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy ni?eyoeiooue iiaeaeueoiio
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio i?ia?ano ? oiio, aacoiiaii, ? aeooaeueieie ?
ia?niaeoeaieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca i?ia?aiith Iaoeiai? ?aaee AI N?N? c
i?iaeai «Oioia?ao?/i? i?ioeane ?a?no?aoe?? ?ioi?iaoe??» (oaia 2.5.2.6
ieai?a ?ia?o ia 1981-85??. ? oaia 2.5 ieai?a ?ia?o ia 1986-90??.),
«O?i?y aenieeo aia?a?e» (oaia 2.4.3.6), oaie «?ic?iaea
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo ??aeeeo eiiiiceoe?e oa oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano oe?aaeoaaiiy iioe/ieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? iaoiaeii
oioio?i?/iiai oi?ioaaiiy» (aea?aeathaeaeaoia oaiaoeea I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, iaeac N 78 a?ae 21.03.1991?.), oaie «?ic?iaea ?
i?iaeooaaiiy iioe/ieo ?ano?iaeo aeaiaio?a oa noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a
?ioa?oa?aioe?eieo aei??thaaiue ia ?o iniia?» a ?aieao Aea?aeaaii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie 4.4.6 «I?ia?aneai? oaoiieia??
neeaaeieo ie?aeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ? iioe/ieo no?oeoo?» oa 05.44.06/18
«Oaoiieia?? ia aac? i?e?iaeaeo?ii?ee, iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a oa iioeee».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Noai?aiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia ?
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy oaoi?ei-aenieoaoaoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a
(IAA) oa ie?aiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeao?a (IEI) aeey ?aeue?oieo oioiiie?ia?ieo
ae?oea?nueeeo oi?i (OAeO), oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e caieno,
caa??aaiiy, a?aeoai?aiiy ? oe?aaeoaaiiy iioe/ieo oa aeaeo?iiieo
cania?a ?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae iiaeo iaoa??ae?a c iae?i?eii-iioe/ieie
ia?aiao?aie aeey iioe/ii? ? eaaioiai? aeaeo?ii?ee, aeonoiiioeee. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei:

1. Aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? aieeao i?e?iaee neeaaeiaeo eiiiiceoe?e,
o?iiioi??a, iioe/ieo, aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a ia
aeanoeaino? OII aeey ?o iioei?caoe??.

2. Aea/eoe, ye aieeaa? nooi?iue no?oeoo?iiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee OII oa aeaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?aae?iiy
aeanoeainoyie OII oa ae?ia?a c ieo, cie?aia,
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo oa?a (OICO).

3. Aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? aieeao neeaaeo, iaiiaiaiiy, ciai?oi?o
/eiiee?a ia noaa?euei?noue oaoiieia?/ii-aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?ia?a c OII, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeoe niiniae
?ioaineo?eaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeaioiaeaiiy iae?i- ?
i?e?i?aeue?oieo CC?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia.

1. Aeyaeaii ?nioaaiiy a ??aeeeo ie?aiia?ieo eiiiiceoe?yo iae?i- ?
i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae ia iaaeiieaeoey?iiio ??ai?, ye? caa??aathoueny a
i?ioean? oioio?i?/iiai oi?ioaaiiy ae?ia?a c ieo ? aecia/athoue ?o
o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa oaoi?ei-aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino?. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iacaeaaeieie o?ce/ieie iaoiaeaie — aeine?aeaeaiiyie
oioi- ? aeaeo?i?iaeoeiaaii? aaia?aoe?? ae?oai? aa?iii?ee (AAeA),
aeonoi-, i’?ci- ? aeaeo?iiioe/ieo aoaeo?a, OO-, ?*- oa ae?aeaeo?e/ii?
niaeo?ineii??, ?aioaai?anueei? (iaei- ? oe?ieieooiai?) aeeo?aeoineii??,
iiceo?iiii? ai?a?eyoe??. I?e oai?aoe/iiio iien? OOO iaea?aeaii
?icoe?aio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeaeo?iiio no?oeoo?o OII, oioiioaa?ae?iiy
iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a.

2. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii ?nioaaiiy iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo aoaeo?a o OII
ia iniia? IAA oa IEI, aaee/eia yeeo aecia/a?oueny iaaeiieaeoey?iith
no?oeoo?ith iaoa??ae?a oa, a?aeiia?aeii, o?i?/iith i?e?iaeith ?o
neeaaeiaeo.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii oa oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii
iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie OII a i?ioean?
aeaioiaeaiiy iae?i- (ae?oea?nuee? oi?ie) ? i?e?i?aeue?oieo (iioe/i?
aeenee) iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith aeoei?/iiai OO (a o./.
eaca?iiai) aei?ii?ithaaiiy (a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeiaaeeie oaee? ?
iiooaeiino?) ? aieeao ciai?oi?o iioe/ieo oa aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a.

4. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aca?iiae?y neeaaeiaeo eiiiiceoe?e ia a?aieoe?
?icae?eo c oe?eueiaeie iaiiaithaa/aie aieeaa? ia aia?aaoe/iee noai
iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea, a oei naiei ia iioeei-niaeo?aeuei? oa ?io?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaiiaiaieo nenoai (OICO, iao?eoe? aeey naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo
e?enoae?a ? o.i.).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Noai?aii, aei?iaoaaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii aaio i?ea?iaeueieo
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e aeey oaoiieia?e oioio?i?/iiai
oi?ioaaiiy oioiiie?ia?ieo ae?oea?nueeeo oi?i ionaoiiai, aenieiai,
oeaenia?ao?/iiai ? o?aoa?aoiiai niinia?a ae?oeo, eae?a, oa?a
OO-ioaa?ae?iiy, oe?aaeoaaiiy eii?e iioe/ieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe??
(iioe/ieo aeene?a) (AN N?N? NN 452799, 542408, 763838, 836618, 840785,
898377, 956316, 980058, 1007764, 1649784, 1728845 oa ?i.; iaoaioe: NOA
— N 4246336, ssiii?? — N 1128330, O?aioe?? — N 7909783).

2. OII ia iniia? IAA aei?iaoaaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy
a oaoiieia?? OAeO, iao?eoeue aeey OICO ? naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo e?enoae?a
oiui. Aeey ioe?iee yeino? OICO cai?iiiiiaaii e?euee?nio eie??io
oa?aeoa?enoeeo, ui a?aoiao? niaeo?aeueio /ooeea?noue iea.

3. OII c iae?i?eii-iioe/ieie aeanoeainoyie cai?iiiiiaai? aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a aeonoiaeaeo?ii?oe?, cie?aia, ye aeonoi-iioe/i? i?eno?i? —
iiaeoeyoi?e, aeaoeaeoi?e na?oea, a oaeiae ye aeaiaioe aeoeaieo
na?aaeiaeu eaca??a.

5. Ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
OAAe, IOO Oe?a?ie «EI?» a eo?nao eaeoe?e c aeenoeeie?i «Oaoiieia?y
oi?iieo i?ioean?a», «Iie?a?ao?/i? iaoa??aee» oa ?i.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iieyaa? o oi?ioaaii? i?iaeaie,
iai?yieo, iaoe ? caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o oai?aoe/iiio
ia??oiooaaii?, ocaaaeueiaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a,
oi?ioethaaii? aeniiae?a, ai?iaaoe?? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e a oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane; o iiaeaieo aei caoenoo
iaoa??aeao ? ?iaioao, iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? — a ieaioaaii? ?
iaoeiaiio ea??aieoeoa? aea?aeathaeaeaoieie ? aini?ic?aooieiaeie IAe?,
eiai ani??aio?a — iei? eaiaeeaeao?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe (Ieeeooea ?.C.,
Aoaecianueea E.I., Iao?aiei I.A., Eo/ia I.I., Oeooea I.I., Aaaeoe Ea??i
I.). Ni?eueii c E?oeeii ?.A., Eaca?aieii A.O., Oeaaiiaei A.A.,
sso/eoeiei E.E. i?iaiaeeeinue ieaioaaiiy ie?aieo aoai?a ?ia?o ?
iaaiai?aiiy ?o ?acoeueoao?a. A ie?aieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo oa ?o ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a?aee o/anoue: Aeiaaee ss.I., E?oee
?.A., O?aiianueeee A.I., Oiaaaithe I. A. (iioeei-niaeo?aeuei? ?
iae?i?eii-iioe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy), Aiica TH.I., ?ioa? TH.A., O?e?iaoee?
ss.*, Iaiaeaoee? C.* (?aioaaiino?oeoo?i?, aeaeo?io?ce/i? ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiceo?iiii? ai?a?eyoe??), E?oee ?.A.*, Eania?/ee ss*.,
*a?a?ine? I.* (eaaioiai-o?i?/i? ?ic?aooiee).

________________________________________________________________________
_

* Iaoeiaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ceee iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (*ainoioiaa,
Iieueua)

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia: I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? o Aeu?e
Oaoi?/i?e oeie? (Eaeioe?a, 1977); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
«Polgraph-88″ (Aa?oaaa, 1988); VIII- i IX-e Ananithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo
c? niaoeaeae?a ae?oeo (Ee?a, 1985, 1990); Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? » I?iecaiaenoai iieea?aoe/aneeo iaoa?eaeia e iooe eo
niaa?oainoaiaaiey» (Iineaa, AAeIO N?N?, 1984); iaoeiai — oaoi?/iiio
nai?ia?? » Iiuo aiaae?aiey oioiiieeia?iuo ia/aoiuo oi?i ia
iieea?aoe/aneeo i?aaei?eyoeyo ANN? (A?oaanuee,1979); 1-e Ananithci?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa ?ai?ia?aoee a
iaoeiino?ieoaeueiuo io?aneyo» (Iyoeai?ne, 1984); IV-e Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aanna?aa?yiua e iaiau/iua oioia?aoe/aneea i?ioeannu»
(*a?iiaieiaea, 1984 ); naeoe?? eii?aeeiaoe?eii? ?aaee N4 IO?
I?i?aae?ii?iio «I?ia?anneaiua iaoa?eaeu a i?iecaiaenoaa ia/aoiuo ieao»
(Eeoei?a, 1984); ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu iiaeeoeeaoeee iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia» (Aieaia?aae,
1989); 1-e Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iieeia?iua i?aaie/aneea
iieoi?iaiaeieee e ?aaeno?e?othuea n?aaeu ia eo iniiaa» ( Ee?a, 1989);
nan?? i?aea?aeii/i? iaoeiai? ?aaee c eiiieaenii? i?iaeaie «O?i?/iee
aiae?c» ( Ee?a, 1990 ); iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ia?niaeoeau
?acaeoey e i?eiaiaiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie ?aaeeiecia?eoaeueiie
aiia?aoo?u»(I?inuee, 1990); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c oioio?i??
e?a?i NIAe (Ee?a,1992); ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aeaeaaie/a ni?aaa ? iie?a?ao?y a Oe?a?i?: noai,
i?iaeaie, iai?yiee ?icaeoeo» (Euea?a, 1993); oe?a?inueei-o?aioeocueeiio
neiiic?oi? «Eiiaeainiaaia ?a/iaeia: iaoea oa ?iaeono??y» (Euea?a,
1993); II-e Ananithci?e oa V i VI-eo I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo c o?i??
? o?ceei-o?i?? ie?aiia??a (Aeia-Aoa, 1979; *i?iiaieiaea, 1994; Eacaiue,
1997); oe?a?inueeiio nai?ia?? «I?iaeaie oioio?i?? iiiiia?ii-ie?aiia?ieo
? iie?ia?ieo nenoai» (Euea?a, 1990-1995); nai?ia?ao iieuenueeiai
o?ce/iiai oiaa?enoaa ? ?inoeoooo o?ceee iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(Iieueua, *ainoioiaa, 1994); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Acousto-Optics
and Applications ??» (Iieueua, Aaeainuee, 1995); 27-io nai?ia?? c
ai?a?eyoe?? iiceo?ii?a (Iieueua, Iiiea-A?ioeeaa-ss?iieooaae, 1995);
VIII-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? EMF (I?aea?eaiaee, Nijmegen,
1995); International Conference on Aperiodic Crystals (Oaaeoea??y,
Les Diablerets, 1994); 6th Spring School on acousto-optical
and Applications (Iieueua, Aaeainuee-TH?aoa, 1992); 1st Wrkshop on
photoacoustics and photothermics (Iieueua, Ae?a?oea-Ono?iiue, 1996); 7th
International Conference on the structure of Non-Crystalline
Materials (?oae?y, Na?ae?i?y, 1997); II-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
«Ae?oeioaoi-98», Vth International seminar on physic and chemistry of
solids-ISPCS’99 (Iieueua, Ceioe iioie e/*ainoioiae, 1999),
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo OI? ?i.?a.Oaaei?iaa — OAAe (1980-99).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 1-e
iiiia?ao??, 58-ie noaooyo a aaeocaaeo ? aeaaeai?/ieo a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo aeaeaiiyo. Ia iia? ?ic?iaee iaea?aeaii 55 Aaoi?nueeeo
na?aeioeoa N?N? ia aeiaoiaee ? 3 iaoaioe NOA, ssiii?? oa O?aioe??.

Ia’?i ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?ii-iaoaioieo aeaea?ae
? i’yoe aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 306 noi??ieao (c?
nieneii e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoeii — 364), i?noeoue 37 oaaeeoeue oa 100
?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ia?aoiao? 394
iaeiaioaaiiy.

I N I I A I E E C I ? N O ? I A I O E

O anooi? ia??oioiaai? aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iaoa ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, ai?iaaoe?y.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Noai, i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo iaoa??ae?a a nenoaiao caieno, caa??aaiiy ?
a?aeoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??» iiaea?oueny aiae?c i?iaeai oaoiieia?e
aeaeaaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iiai eiiieaeno, iia’ycaieo ?c no/anieie
oaiaeaioe?yie aei c?inoaiiy aaaaoieie??iino? ? yeino? ae?oeiaaii?
i?iaeoeoe??, oe?ieei ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi aeaeo?iiieo cania?a caieno ?
a?aeoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, iiaeeea?noth ?o oaoiieia?/ii? noi?niino? c
ianooiieie oi?iieie i?ioeanaie ??cieo niinia?a ae?oeo. Caa?oa?oueny
oaaaa, ui ii?o/ c aeii?ioth/ei ?icaeoeii ionaoiiai ae?oeo ia
aeinoaoiuei aenieiio ??ai? caa??aathoueny iiceoe?? aenieiai ae?oeo ?
eiai ??ciiaeaeiino? — oeaenia?aonueeiai. Iieacaii, ui a ??cieo oi?iieo
i?ioeanao ? iaaeae? oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny oaa?ae? ? ??aee? OIE,
cie?aia ia iniia? iaiane/aieo iie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo iiiiia??a ?
ie?aiia??a, a oiio /ene? IAA. Iieacaia iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy oaeeo
OIE aeey oe?aaeoaaiiy eii?e iioe/ieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe??, aeaioiaeaiiy
oa?a, eae?a, eea?a oiui. Aiae?co?oueny aianie a oai??th ? i?aeoeeo
oioiiie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ? oaoiieia?e i?ia?aeieo
oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo — aeieoi??a iaoe Aeeeoiaa E.E.,E?aa/oea
A.A.,Eaca?aiea A.O., Ianethea A.O.,

Iaothoiai? A.A., Oeoiiiaa ?.I., Oa?nothea A.I.,Oeaaiiaa A.A., sso/eoeia
E.E. oa o/i?a ?o oe?e.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue»
iienai? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo,
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae OIE ? OII ia ?o
iniia?. Aeo?aeieie eiiiiiaioaie aeey neioaco ??aeeeo
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eieo eiiiiceoe?e (OIE) (oiiai? ia?ee Ae-1, Ae-2,
Ae-4, Ae-5-1, Ae-5-2, Ae-5-3) aoee ie?aiia?e c e?ioeaaeie
(iao)ae?eeiaeie ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieie a?oiaie (oaae.1): IEI-2
[(picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010
000000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970
650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00
02040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000061000a00000026060f000a00ff
ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973
74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000,picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000
902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003
10201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600180011200000026060f001a00f
fffffff000010000000c0ffffff2600000040010000860100000b00000026060f000c004
d617468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002000200105
3796d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000077000a0000002
6060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0
102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000-a?n-(iaoae?eei?eieneaoeeai-ieneea?aii?e)aoee
ai-ieneaoeeai]; IAeO-2
[picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000061000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000-iaoae?eei?e-picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000
00050000000902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118
0005000000310201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600180011200000026
060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff2600000040010000860100000b00000026
060f000c004d617468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000
020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000077
000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc
02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000
00000000000000000000000000000000000000-iaoae?eei?e
ae?aoeeaiae?eieueiene-ie?ai (ae?aoeeaiae?eieueooaeao)];

Oaaeeoey 1

sse?niee ? e?euee?niee neeaae OIE

AeIIAI (ae?iaoae?eei?eieneaoeeiaee ao?? iaea?iiai? eeneioe), a a
yeino? oioiaeoeaiiai coeaath/iai eiiiiiaioa — OAI-3
[picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000061000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000-iaoae?eei?eiene-picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000
000000050000000902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e
01180005000000310201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c0260018001120000
0026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff2600000040010000860100000b0000
0026060f000c004d617468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101
0000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a00011c00010000
0077000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb0210000700000000
00bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000-iaoae?eei?eie?ai
(ieneaoeeai)] ? oioi?i?oe?aoi?a — ?ciaooeeiaee ao?? aaici?io (?AAA). ?o
aea?? iaoiiaeaiee oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi a oaoiieia?yo oioiiie?ia?ieo
ae?oea?nueeeo oi?i (OAeO) ??cieo niinia?a ae?oeo, oe?aaeoaaiiy iioe/ieo
aeene?a (IAe) oiui, i?iieneiaei aeioneii (i??i?eoao caoeuaiee c o/anoth
aaoi?a 55 AN N?N?, na?aae ieo AN N 715361, a oaeiae iaoaioe: NOA — N
4246336, ssiii?? — N 1128330 ? O?aioe?? — N 7909783).

C?acee aeey aeine?aeaeaiue ? ae?iae c OIE (OAeO, ooaiie,
i?aeeeaaeee ? eii?? IAe oiui) aeaioiaeyee ca oaoiieia??th OAAe (
OO-aeniiioaaiiy eaiiaie EOO-80; aia?aaoe/ia aeica 1 oa neeaaeaea 2,7
eAeae/i2).

E?iaoeeo OOO, na?oei/ooeea?noue OIE aeine?aeaeoaaee iaoiaeaie
aaaaoi?aciai ii?ooaiiai iiaiiai aioo??oiueiai a?aeaeaaiiy ia
niaeo?ioioiiao?? UR-20 (i?ecia KRS-5,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 450), aeeeaoiiao??? oa eiiaeoeoiiao??? ca ci?iith
ia’?iiiai iii?o Rv ?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. Aeaeo?io?ce/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee (ieoiio
i?ia?aei?noue Gi, ae?aeaeo?e/io
i?iieei?nouepicscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902
000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102
01000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffff
ffff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61
7468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002000200105379
6d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000128000100000065000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000
000000000000000000000046) ia iino?eiiio ? ci?iiiio (0,1…100 eAoe)
no?oiao aecia/aee ca?aeii c AINO’aie.

Eaaioiai-o?i?/i? ?ic?aooiee ? aaiiao?e/ia iioei?caoe?y no?oeoo?e
IAA IEI-2, IAeO-2 oa OAI-3 i?iaiaeeeeny a aeaa aoaie: c aeei?enoaiiyi
noaiaea?oieo iaoiae?a iieaeoey?ii? aeeiai?ee c neeiaei iieai II+ o
aa?n?? iaeaoo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai HYPERCHEM 5.0; c canoinoaaiiyi
?icoe?aiiai iaoiaeo Oa?o??-Oiea o aa?n?? II?AN 6.0 c ia?aiao?ecaoe??th
?I-3. No?oeoo?ia aaiiao??y iieaeoe IAA iioei?coaaeanue i?ioeaaeo?ith ca
i?ia?aiith II?AN c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo
Brouden-Fletcher-Gobdfarb-Shano.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiue nooeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue aeei?enoaia aeenia?n?y
?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy: oe?ieieooiaa- ia aeeo?aeoiiao??
Ae?II-2.0, c aii?iiao?ii GUR-5 ? iiiio?iiaoi?ii (a iaaeao 10…1500 a
ianooaa?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) c aecia/aiiyi ooieoe?e ?aae?aeueiiai ?iciiae?eo G(r) oa
H(r); iaeieooiaa — ia aeeo?aeoiiao?? E?I-1 c eie?iaoi?ii E?aoe? (a
?ioa?aae? eoo?a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 0,04…40).

*an
ai?a?eyoe??picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020
00000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020
1000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00fffff
fff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617
468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796
d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a00000026060
f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020
22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000
000000000000000000000003 iiceo?ii?a aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith
niaeo?iiao?a o??ie «Ortec» c aeei?enoaiiyi ?cioiio Na22.

Iieaciee caeiieaiiy n OII aecia/aee iaoiaeii i?ecie c eaca?ieie
aeaea?aeaie aei?ii?ithaaiiy (He-Cd, Ar, Kr, He-Ne) ? ia e?i?yo ?ooo?
oa eaa?oeaaei na?oeiaiaeii.

O niaeo?aeuei?e iaeano? 1-6 aA aei??thaaiiy niaeo??a a?aeaeaaiiy
OII i?iaiaeeee ia onoaiiaoe? ENAO-23. Aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a
iiaeeiaiiy E, i?iioneaiiy O ? n i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee niaeo??a
R(picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010
000000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970
650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00
02040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00ff
ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973
74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000) ? ni?aa?aeiioaiue E?aia?na-E?ii?aa.

Na?oei?icn?yiiy ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o (IO) aeine?aeaeoaaee iaoiaeii
i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy He-Ne-eaca?a i?ae /an
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? ii?ii?iaiiyi N2-eaca?a
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
0000000000046= 337,1ii).

Aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a
eaaae?aoe/ieopicscalex94010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902
000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102
01000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02a00180011200000026060f001a00ffff
ffff000010000000c0ffffff2600000040010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61
7468547970650000500010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002000200105379
6d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000146000100000063000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200
00ffffff0000000000000046ijk ?
eoa?/ieopicscalex9401000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000
0000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000
000050000000b0200000000050000000c02a00180011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0
00010000000c0ffffff2600000040010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685
47970650000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626
f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000146000100000063000a00000026060f000
a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225
3797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000
0000000000000000046ijkl iioe/ieo iae?i?eiinoae i?iaiaeeee c
aeei?enoaiiyi oioi- ? aeaeo?i?iaeoeiaaii? aaia?aoe?? ae?oai? aa?iii?ee
(AAeA). A yeino? aeaea?aea oioi?iaeoeiaaieo ci?i aeei?enoiaoaaany
ianoieoniaaiee io/ie iaeiiiiaeiaiai i?einaeoiaeiiai YAG:Nd3+ -eaca?a
c iioieii oioii?a 1017…1018oio/ni2
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000
0000000000000= 1,06iei). ?ioaineai?noue ii?ii?iaiiy OII a iaaeao
2…480 a iiey?eciaaiiio ? iaiiey?eciaaiiio na?oe? eiio?iethaaee
aeaeioeaiao?ii (Genetic Inc., iiaeaeue ED-200). ?icae?eaiiy iaaeath/iai
neaiaeo oa neaiaeo AAeA cae?enithaaeinue ia iiiio?iiaoi?? SMR-12.
C?acee OII aeo?eioaaee a e??inoao? c nenoaiith oa?ii?aaoethaaiiy
UTREX, yea noaa?e?coaaea oaiia?aoo?o a iaaeao 4,2…300E.
Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue aeonoiiioe/i? aeanoeaino? OII ca oeo aea oiia.

Aeine?aeaeai? oaeiae OICO ia iniia? iie?ao??iiai eaeo IA-284A
(77…79%), iaiiaithaa/a — aeaiieeno oeoaio (1…12 ian.%),
coeaath/iai aaaioa OAI-3 (aei 10%) ? oioi?i?oe?aoi?a ?AAA (1…6%).
Iaiiaithaa/ai oaeiae aoee ae??aiiaeenia?ni? iaiie?enoae?/i?
iiiie?enoaee Sn2P2Se6. No?oeoo?i? ia?aiao?e iaoa??aeo aecia/aee
?aioaai?anueeei aeeo?aeoiiao?ii N?iain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-2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 ? eiio?iethaaeenue ?ano?iaith
aeaeo?iiiith i?e?ineii??th. Aiiiaaii?noue c?ace?a eiio?iethaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith ?aioaai?anueeiai oethi?eiao?a «Hewlett-Packard».

Aaee/eie eiiiiiaio?a aeaeo?iiioe/iiai oaici?a aecia/aeenue
iaoiaeii Naia?iiia ia aeiaaeei? oaee? He-Ne-eaca?a
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000
0000000000046= 1,15 iei).

O?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?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,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, a, Hm, E1 aeine?aeaeoaaee ca?aeii noai-aea?oieo
iaoiaeee. Aeei?enoiaoaaeenue noaiaea?oi? iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Niaeo?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oioiiie?ia?eecaoe?eiicaeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e oa oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a
ia ?o iniia?» iieacaii, ui iaoai?ci iie?ia?ecaoe?? OIE Ae-1 ? Ae-2
iaeiaeiaee: i?e OO-ioaa?ae?ii? e?ioeaa? ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoi? N=N-ca’ycee
?ice?eaathoueny ? ?acii c iaae?iiyi ?ioaineaiino? nioae ?o aaeaioieo
eieeaaiue 1640 ni-1 a?aeaoaa?oueny aeniei/anoioia ci?uaiiy nioae
1720ni-1 aei 1740ni-1. Niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? nioa
(cie?aia, 820ni-1), iia’ycaieo c aeaoi?iaoe?eieie eieeaaiiyie NI2-
a?oi a?ey -N=N-ca’yce?a. ?*-niaeo? OIE Ae-2 a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae OIE
Ae-1 iaeeaaeaiiyi nioa, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey eieeaaiue ooaeaoiiai
o?aaiaioa. C aiae?co ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? nioae 1640ni-1 aeo?ea?, ui
a OII caeeoa?oueny a?ey 30% iai?i?aaaiaaieo N=N-ca’yce?a.

Aecia/aiiy iioe/ieo ooieoe?e i?iaaaeaii iaoiaeii E?aia?na-E?ii?aa.
Iaeii/anii iieacaii iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy ??aiyiue Iaenaaeea ia
i?eeeaae? OII oeio «Oeaeioio» ? «A?ae?ioio».

I?iaiae?ciaaii aeenia?n?th
n(picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010
000000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970
650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00
02040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00ff
ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973
74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000) aeey ??cieo iai?aaii??e/ieo iiaeaeae —
Ae?-Aeiiai?ei-Oaiiea, Ae?oaea-Caeueiaea?a oa E?ooaey ? i?iaaaeaii ?o
ii??aiyiiy c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie. Iieacaii, ui iaee?aua
ocaiaeaeaiiy c aenia?eiaioii aea? iiaeaeue Ae?-Aeiiai?ei-Oaiiea.
Iioe/ia OO-aani?aoe?y ae?acii «a?ae/oaa?» ?icoii?yaeeiaai?noue
no?oeoo?e OII, yea iaoiiaeaia ??ciith i?e?iaeith eiiiiiaio?a OIE.

Aeey iaae?eii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iioe/ieo niaeo??a ? i?iaiicoaaiiy
?o ci?i i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee aeaeo?iiii? no?oeoo?e iaoiaeii e?i?eieo
eiia?iaoe?e aoiiieo i?a?oaeae (EEAI) c aeei?enoaiiyi oaoi?ee ooieoe?e
Oaa?ia (aeey ni?iuaiiy a?aoiaoaaany o?eueee aacen (2s, 2p) aoaeaoeth,
(2s, 2p) eenith oa 1s — i?a?oae? aiaeith. Iaeii/anii aoei i?iaaaeaii
i?oiaiiae?caoe?th 2s- ? 2p-e?i?eieo i?a?oaeae aei inoiaieo
aeio?anueeeo noi. Ia iniia? naeoey?iiai ??aiyiiy EEAI i?iaaaeaii
ia/eneaiiy iao?e/ieo aeeiieueieo iiiaio?a, eaaae?aoe yeeo aecia/athoue
?ioaineaiino? iioe/ieo ia?aoiae?a: (1)

Ii??aiyii oai?aoe/iee ?ic?aooiie ? aenia?eiaioaeueia aecia/aiiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai iiaeeiaiiy OII (?en.1). Aeaeii, ui i?e ye?ni?e
iiae?aiino? niaeo??a a aenia?eiaio? niinoa??aa?oueny aeiaaioaeeueiaa
?o ci?uaiiy. Iiaeeeaith i?e/eiith oeueiai ?icoiaeaeaiiy ? iayai?noue
a?aieoeue ?icae?eo o OII, ui a oai?aoe/i?e iiaeae? ia a?aoiao?oueny, a
oaeiae iae?i?eia aani?aoe?y na?oea.

?en.1. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy OII Ae-1 (1) oa Ae-2 (2) aeey
??cii? aeniiceoe?? (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- oai?aoe/i?,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 — aenia?eiaioaeuei?).

Oeiiaee i?eeeaae iioei?ciaaieo aaiiao??e IAA iaaaaeaiee ia
?en.2,a. No?oeoo?e iieaeoe IAA i?inoi?iai aeineoue u?eueii oiaeiaai?.
No?oeoo?a OIE Ae-2 (aei OO-ii?ii?ithaaiiy) ia?aoai?th?oueny c
aeiaoey?ii? (?en.3,a) o coeoee i?inoi?iai-n?oeiaee OII i?ney
OO-ii?ii?iaiiy (?en.3,a). Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? eiioeaioe?th i?i
?icaaeoaeaiiy ia?aeiii? aeiaoeiiiae?aii? no?oeoo?e a i?ioean? OOO.
Iieaeoey?ia no?oeoo?a iiaiooai?aiiy iiae?aia aei no?oeoo? aaaaoueio
a?ieia?/ieo nenoai. Oeaio?aeuei? eaioethae iathoue iae?i?eio
ceacaaiiiae?aio oi?io. Ea?aieneeuei? N=I a?oie, a iniiaiiio,
ia?iaiaeeeoey?i? aei c?aiooiai oeaio?aeueiiai eaioethaa ia a?aei?io a?ae
iiaea?eieo N=N- a?oi, ye? ? eie?iaa?i?. Ooai?aia no?oeoo?a
a?aeiia?aea? ca iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? OII ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieei
cia/aiiyi ae?oai? iio?aeii? aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ?
??ciiiai?ooyi i?aeiieaeoey?ieo aca?iiae?e.

?en.2,a. Iieaeoey?ia no?oeoo?a IAeO-2 i?ney iioei?caoe?? aaiiao???
(aoiie N — ? , I — ? , I — ?);

a — caaaeueiee ?iciiae?e aeaeo?iiii? aonoeie.

?en.3. O?e-LUMO-i?a?oae? OIE Ae-2 aei (a) ? i?ney (a) OO — ii?ii?iaiiy.

Aiae?c ?iciiae?e?a aeaeo?iiii? aonoeie (?AA) ? aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai
iioaioe?aeo (?en.4) aeaco? ia ?noioi? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ca?yaeo a
aaiiao?e/iiio oeaio?? iieaeoe eiiiiiaio?a OIE, a iieaeoey?i? a?/i?
N=I-a?oie (?acii c iaoae?eeaoieie oa?oiiaaiiyie ) aeathoue cia/ii
iaioee aianie aei caaaeueiiai a?aae??ioo ?AA (?en.2,a). Iieaeoee
aeine?aeaeaieo IAA ? eaioethaiiiae?aieie c e?ioeaaeie (iao)ae?eeaoieie
a?oiaie. ?o aacia? aeanoeaino? iaoiiaeththoue eaac?iaeiii??io
no?oeoo?o, noi?iiaaio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-ca’yceaie a aieiaiiio eaioethc? ? aeyaeeenue aeineoue
/ooeeaeie aei a?aeaeaeae i?ae N=I — a?oiaie. An? aeaeo?iii?
no?oeoo?e ?ic?aoiaai? ye a iniiaiiio noai?, oae ? o caoaeaeaiiio. A
?iaio? i?eaaaeaii aoaeoeai? noaie, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ?o
ni?a?nioaaiith.

?en.4. ?iciiae?e aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo i?ney iioei?caoe??
aaiiao??? iieaeoee IEI-2.

I?iaaaeai? oaiia?aoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo
aeanoeainoae (AAeA) iaeiicia/ii aeacothoue ia ae??oaeueio ?ieue
a?iiaoe/ieo a?oi, i?enooi?o a ie?aiia?? IAeO-2, yeee aoiaeeoue aei
neeaaeo OII Ae-2. C ae?oaiai aieo, a?aeaeaeue i?ae ea?aieneeueieie
N=I-a?oiaie ia ei?aeth? c? ci?iaie a iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo oaciaeo
ia?aoiaeao. Aeoiaey/e c aeaieo ?AA, io?eiaieo iaie, a oaeiae c
aeaeo?ii-a?a?iiieo ca’ycaieo noai?a iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i
neaae?noue iiey?ecoth/i? caeaoiino? N=I-a?oi ia a?aae??ioe ?AA, ye?
aecia/athoue oaiia?aoo?e oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a ? aaee/eie
iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo ni?eeiyoeeainoae. I?e ?ic?aooieao aoee a?aoiaai?
oaeiae aeaeo?ii-a?a?iii? aca?iiae?? ? aecia/aii ?o aianie aei iioe/ieo
ni?eeiyoeeainoae.

?ic?aoiaaii caaaeuei? aia?a?? IAA IAeO-2, IEI-2 ? OAI-3 (ae?aa?aia
aeey OII Ae-2 — ia ?en.5). Aaee/eie ca’ycoth/i? aia?a?? aeacothoue, ui
OII iiaeooue oaa?aeiooe i?ae ae??th na?oea c aeecueeiai aeaeeiiai
niaeo?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio. Aeno?aiieyoe??th e?eaeo
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai iiaeeiaiiy aecia/aii, ui oe? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
u?eeie neeaaeathoue aeey IAeO-2 — i?eaeecii 4,3 aA, aeey IEI-2 — 5,1
aA, a aeey OAI-3 — 4,9 aA, oiaoi aiie ? cia/ii iaioeie, i?ae
oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaai? IIII (iaeaeua caiiaiai?) — LUMO (iaeieae/a
iacaiiaiai? iieaeoey?i? i?a?oae?). Oey ?ica?aei?noue iia’ycaia c?
niaoeeo?eith aeaeo?ii-a?a?iiieo aca?iiae?e.

Eie??i? oa yne?aa?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?a (OICO) aecia/athoueny,
e??i aeanoeainoae i?aiaioo (I), oaeiae iniaeeainoyie eiai aca?iiae?? c
ia?ao?aeiei oa?ii (IO) ie?aiia?o, yeee ia aea?aaeaioiee ??aeei? a
oianoiio oa??. Ia ?en.6 iaaaaeaia noaia aia?aaoe/iiai noaio OICO i?e
??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo oioi?i?oe?aoi?a (O?). *?oei aeaeii iayai?noue
aeene?aoieo noai?a aeaeo?iiieo iieaeoey?ieo nioa, ye?
oneeaaeiththoueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? O?, a iniaeeai (I), ui
ciaeoei a?aeia?aaeaiiy a niaeo?ao iiaeeiaiiy ??aeei? OICO ? oaa?aeiai
oa?o. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? niaeo?ineii?/i? aeai? aani?aoe?? ? a?aeaeaaiiy
iaeiicia/ii aeacothoue ia iiaeeea?noue aaeni?aoe?? neeaaeiaeo
eiiiiceoe?e ia iiaa?oi? oaa?aeeo aeeth/aiue (i?aiaioa).

Aeey a?eueo iiaii? ioe?iee eie??ieo oa?aeoa?enoee OICO aaaaeaii
iiiyooy «aoaeoeaiiai a?aeaeaaiiy iea». O oeueiio aeiaaeeo a
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo E?aia?na -E?ii?aa aaaaeaii cai?oeo ?aaeueiiai
a?aeaeaaiiy a?ae oa?aiai? iiaa?oi?, ia?aii?iiaaio ia niaeo?aeueio
/ooeea?noue iea, a caaaeueia eie??ia aoaeoeai?noue (oaae.2)
aecia/eoueny ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi:
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, (2)

aea
Iiaae(picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000
000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000
00050000000b0200000000050000000c02600180011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00
0010000000c0ffffff2600000040010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854
7970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f
6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000077000a00000026060f000a
00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253
797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000000000
000000000000000046) — niaeo?aeueiee ?iciiae?e aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ui
iaaea?.

?en.5. Aoaeoeai? aia?aa-

oe/i? ??ai? OII Ae-2.

?en.6. Ae?aa?aia aia?aa-

oe/ieo ??ai?a OICO

ai?no O?, %: 0(1); 1(2);

2(3); 3(4); 4(5); 5(6);6(7);

[(1..6%)+I(10..12%)] (8).

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie caeaaeiino? oiaueie IO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 a?ae ?ioaineaiino? A OO-
ii ?ii?iaiiy anoaiiaeaii
ca?eueoaiiypicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020
00000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020
1000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02a00160011200000026060f001a00fffff
fff000010000000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d617
468547970650000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796
d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a60013a000100000044000a00000026060
f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020
22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000
00000000000000000000046h aei 9,2iei (i?e A = 2,5 Ao/i2), yea
a?aeiia?aea? aianeo e?i?eiiai /eaia o oi?ioe? (aeaaaeai?e c caeaaeiino?
Eaiaa?-oa-Aoaa?a-Aa?a ), yea aecia/a? oiaueio IO o e?i?eiiio
iaaeeaeaii? c a?aooaaiiyi iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo aoaeo?a. I?e ca?eueoaii? A
aei 200 … 250 Ao/i2 c?inoa? aianie iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo i?ioean?a.
Aeoiaey/e c caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a iae?i?eieo aca?iiae?e, caeaaei?noue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(E) aoaea aneiioioe/ii iaaeeaeaoenue aei aeayeiai
iino?eiiai cia/aiiy.

Oaaeeoey 2.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy iae?i?eii-iioe /ieo oa-

Caeaaei?noue aoaeoeaiiai niaeo?ineii?/iiai
?aeoa?enoee OIE -aeacothoue ia ia-

ia?aiao?a aeaeiino? ?ao a?ae neeaaeo OICO
iao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy a IO yaeu

neaaei? ai?cio?ii??: iiey?ecaoe?? OO-aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iiaea?eiiai
i?iiaiacaeiieaiiy oa ?icn?yiiy i?iiaiacaeiieaiiy oa ?icn?yiiy.
Aeey ?ic?aooieo oeeo aaee/ei ae ei?enoaii iaoiae iao?eoeue
Aeaeiina.Aeine?aeaeaiiyie OIE Ae-1oa Ae-2 anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey OIE Ae-2
(?en.7,a) ?iaeeeao?ena ?icn?yiiy ia? a?eueo ae?aaeaio ai?cio?ii?th o
ii??aiyii? c Ae-1 (?en.7,a). C? ca?eueoaiiyi te a?ae 2 aei 25 oa, oiaoi
aeeaeie eiiaa?n?? ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo -C=C- ca’yce?a, c?inoa? ?
ai?cio?ii?y; (i?e te =15 oa, i?aeoe/ii ia caaa?oaeuei?e noaae?? OOO,
aeyaeaii ia?ao?ae /a?ac neeueii ai?cio?iiiee oa?. Aeey OIE Ae-1 c?
ca?eueoaiiyi te ai?eciioaeueia na?oei?icn?yiiy c?inoa? i?eaeecii o
aeaa ?ace, oiae? ye aa?oeeaeueia — o i?aoi?a. Ai?cio?ii?y i?ae ?ioeie
eooaie ae?aaeaia ia/?oei. A OIE Ae-2 niinoa??aa?oueny aocueea ?icn?yiiy
a iai?yieao 45, 135, 225 oa 3150.

?en.7. ?iaeeeao?ene ?icn?yiiy na?oea (He-Ne eaca?a) a OIE

Ae-1 (a) oa Ae-2 (a) a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano te ?o ii?ii?iaiiy

N2-eaca?ii
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000= 337,1 ii): 1-2 oa; 2-10; 3-15; 4-25 oa.

Ia i?aenoaa? anoaiiaeaieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a caeiieaiiy ?
iiaeeiaiiy OIE oa iiaeeo?eiaaii? oai??? E? aeey i?oeae i?iaaaeaii
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iae?i?eii-?ioa?iieyoe?eii?
i?ioeaaeo?e E? oa aeaaaeaii oi?ioeo, yea anoaiiaeth? aca?iica’ycie
i?ae ?ici??aie ? oi?iith i?e?iaaoa?iaaiieo ooai?aiue (ca?ai) oa
iieacieeaie caeiieaiiy ? iiaeeiaiiy:

, o ye?e (3)

,(4)

aea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 — a?ia?aaiiao?e/ia ooieoe?y ia?oiai ?iaeo;
n ? ??- iieacieee caeiieaiiy ? iiaeeiaiiy a?aeiia?aeii; In ,Ip —
?ioaineaiino? iaaeath/iai ? ?icn?yiiai na?oea; x,y,z — eii?aeeiaoe
aoii?a; Jo (x) — oeee?iae?e/ia ooieoe?y Aannaey ioeueiaiai ii?yaeeo;
a,b,c — ae?ini?aeaeuei? ia?aiao?e i?e?iaaoa?iaaiieo ca?ai.

Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy OII ia iniia? IAA a yeino?
iao?eoeue aeey naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo e?enoae?a Sn2P2Se6. Oea aea? ciiao
io?eioaaoe oaa?ae? c?acee a?aeiia?aeieo eaac?e?enoae?a aaeeeeo ?ici???a
? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o ye iiaeoeyoi?e na?oea.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? «Iae?i?eii-iioe/i? aeanoeaino? oioiiie?ia?ieo
iaoa??ae?a» aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae
OII ia iniia? IAA i?e aaeeeeo iiooaeiinoyo OO-eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.
IAA, e??i ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo (iao)ae?eeiaeo ca’yce?a, aeeth/athoue
iiey?i? ? iiey?ecaoe?eiicaeaoi? o?aaiaioe, ui noai?th? oiiae aeey
ooai?aiiy a?aeiinii aii?yaeeiaaieo iie?ia?ieo no?oeoo?, a oei naiei
? aeey aoaeoeaiiai aioo??oiuei- ? i?aeiieaeoey?iiai ia?aiino ca?yaeo,
oiaoi aeey i?iyao iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo aoaeo?a. Aeeeeeai? o?i?/ieie
ia?aoai?aiiyie no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a OII caaacia/othoue aaco aeey
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy caeaaeiinoae iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo
ni?eeiyoeeainoae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 ?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 a?ae /ano aeniiceoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie, ?iaeoeiaaieie ciai?oi?ie
aieeaaie ? iieaeoey?ieie a?ia?iiey?eciaiinoyie o?aoueiai ? /aoaa?oiai
?aia?a aeicaiey? aecia/eoe (iaoiae aeaeo?i?iaeoeiaaii? AAeA) cia/aiiy
i?e?ineii?/ii? a?ia?iiey?eciaiino?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:

(5)

aea
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a00180011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff2600000040010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a00014000010000006d000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000000
000000000000-i?iaeoe?y ?ici???ioiaaieo aeeiie?a ia
a?ia?iiey?eciai?noue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 i?e iayaiino? ciai?oiueiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.
Caeaaei?noue aeicaiey? aaciina?aaeiuei aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue aieeao
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

I?ae ae??th OO-ii?ii?iaiiy oeaio?ineiao?e/ia eiiiiiaioa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 niaaea?, a aoeaio?e/ia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- c?inoa? (?en.8). I?ney 7…9 oa OO-ii?ii?iaiiy
iaeaea? caeaaeiino? iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei iane/aiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue
i?i iiyao aoeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?ii? eiiiiiaioe a aaciaeo IAA.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui a OIE c a?eueoei /eneii oai?eueieo o?aaiaio?a oe?
aoaeoe i?aeneeththoueny. OO-ii?ii?iaiiy, c iaeiiai aieo, ?iaeoeo?
iaoeaio?ineiao?e/io no?oeoo?io eiiiiiaioo, a c ?ioiai — aaaea aei
?ic?eao aeaeieae?ciaaieo ni?yaeaieo ca’yce?a.

C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo aiae?oe/ieo oao?aaae??a /enaeueii
?ic?aoiaaii (?en.9) iae?i?eio iioe/io ni?eeiyoeea?noue, cie?aia,
oaici?e aeaeo?iiioeieo eiao?oe??io?a:

, (6)

aea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- iao?e/i?
aeeiieuei? iiiaioe i?ae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-,picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009
02000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031
0201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02000280011200000026060f001a00ff
ffffff000010000000c0ffffffc6ffffff40010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d
617468547970650000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053
796d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a600146000100000062000a00000026
060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01
02022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000
00000000000000000000000046-ciiieie noaiaie, ?,j,k — eiiiiiaioe
iiey?ecaoe?? na?oea, Gijk — aaiiao?e/iee oaeoi?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe
aeia?a ocaiaeaeaiiy i?ae oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaieie (e?.1,2) oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieie (1′,2′) e?eaeie, a oaeiae oa, ui aoaeoe AAeA aeey
OII Ae-2 ? iaaaaaoi a?eueoeie ii??aiyii c OII Ae-1, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
nooo?ao ?ieue ooaeaoieo o?aaiaio?a (IAA IAeO-2).

Iniaeeaino? ?iaeoeiaaieo no?oeoo?ieo ci?i aeine?aeaeaii oaeiae
ii?ii?iaiiyi iioieii iaiiey?eciaaieo iaeo?ii?a (A = 20…30 eaA).
Niinoa??aa?oueny aeayea ciaioaiiy aaniethoieo aaee/ei niiioaiii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? U (?en.10). Aiaeia?/iee oa?aeoa? ia? ci?ia i’?ciiioe/ieo
eiinoaio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.

?ioaineai?noue AAeA c?inoa? c? ca?eueoaiiyi iioieo oioii?a L ?
aeinyaa? iaeneioio a?ey 18 • 1015 oio. /ni2 (?en.11). Ia iaoo
aeoieo, oea iiynith?oueny

?en.8.Caeaaei?noue
aoeaio?e/ii?picscalex100010009000003af0000000200170000000000050000000902
000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102
01000000050000000b0200000000050000000c022002a0011200000026060f001a00ffff
ffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61
7468547970650000500017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc9e040000002d01000008000000320ae001
f00001000000310010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80012200010000006700
0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02
000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000
0000440048f5140100000000000000000000000000000000 (1,2) oa
oeaio?ineiao?e/ii?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 (1′,2′) eiiiiiaio a?ia?iiey?eciaiino? a?ae /ano
ii?ii?iaiiy aeey OII Ae-1 (1,1′) oa Ae-2 (2,2′).?en.9.Oai?aoe/i?
(1,2) oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? (1′,2′) niaeo?aeuei? caeaaeiino?
aeaeo?iiioe/iiai ei?o?oe??ioa rijk aeey OII Ae-1(1,1′) oa Ae-2
(2,2′).

?en.10. Oaiia?aoo?iee o?ae niii-oaiii? aeaoi?iaoe?? U aei (1) ? i?ney
(2-4) iaeo?iiiiai ii?ii?iaiiy. Aei-ca, ni-2:5•105 (2); 8•107 (3); 7•109
(4).

?en.11. Caeaaei?noue ?ioainea-iino? ? AAeA a?ae iioieo oioii?a aeey OII
Ae-4.

iayai?noth aoeaio?e/ieo iaoanoaa?eueieo aeeiieueieo iiiaio?a
eiiiiiaio, iaoiiaeaieo eaca?ii-?iaeoeiaaiith oioiaaia?aoe??th.

Niinoa?aaeai? yaeua aeeeeeai? caoaeaeaiiyi aeaeo?ii?a c caiiaiaieo
a iacaiiaiai? noaie. ?ioaineai?noue ? i?ioean?a aaia?aoe?? o?aouei?
aa?iii?ee, ui iienothoueny oaici?aie /aoaa?oiai ?aiao, ?inoa c?
ca?eueoaiiyi L. Oea iiaeia iiynieoe ?oeioaaiiyi iaeieae/eo caoaeaeaieo
noai?a iiooaeiei OO-ii?ii?iaiiyi. Iiae?aia niinoa??aaeinue ? aeey ?ioeo
OII. Iiyaa ?iaeoeiaaii? aoeaio?e/iino? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae.

Aaniethoi? aaee/eie ?ioaineaiino? AAeA ia ii?yaeie iaio? a
ii??aiyii? c e?enoaeii KDP aeey aeiaaeeo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?ii? eiiiiiaioe. Aaaeeeaei aniaeoii
aeine?aeaeaieo yaeu ? oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? AAeA: AAeA c?inoa? c?
niaaeii oaiia?aoo?e a ?ioa?aae? 10…90E aeey an?o OII. ?o aiae?c
na?ae/eoue i?i iiyao iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo, ui
iiaea aooe cao?eniaaiee OO-?iaeoeiaaiith AAeA ? yeee aeeeeeaiee
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iei aii?yaeeoaaiiyi aeiaaeo eaioethaee?a OII.
Iaeneiaeueia aaee/eia AAeA io?eiaia aeey OII Ae-4, ui i?noeoue
iaea?eueoa iiey?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo ooaeaoieo o?aaiaio?a; neaiaee AAeA
aeey OII Ae-5-2 ? Ae-2 aeaui iaio?. Iiaeia aeiionoeoe ?nioaaiiy
ei?aeyoe?? i?ae e?euee?noth a?iiaoe/ieo a?oi ? iiyaith
iaoeaio?ineiao?e/ieo aeeiieueieo iao?e/ieo aeaiaio?a, ye? aecia/athoue
?ioaineai?noue AAeA.

I?enooi?noue aeaeo?ia?ae’?iii? ea?aii?eueii? a?oie aaaea aei
c?inoaiiy iiey?eciaiino? iaoeeaiiaeo eaioetha?a ? aei niaaeo
a?aeiia?aeieo neeiaeo eiinoaio. A ?acoeueoao? c’yaey?oueny neaiae
AAeA, ui aeeeeeaiee eieaeueiith no?oeoo?iith iaoeaio?ineiao?e/i?noth.
Iaeneioi aoaeoo niinoa??aa?oueny i?e aenieiio nooiai? eiiaa?n??
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02400140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a00013a0001000000bb000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
000000000004670%) ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo -N=N- ca’yce?a, yea aeinyaa?oueny a
iaaeao ta = 10…15 oa.

Aeyaeaii /aniaee ceii AAeA aeey ??cieo OII a ?ioa?aae? 3,8…4 in,
ui aeaco? ia aeeaae a AAeA ye i?i?ioi aeaio ??cieo iaoai?ci?a. C aiae?co
oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? aaee/eie aeonoiiioe/iiai eiao?oe??ioo M
(?en.12) oaeiae iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i iiyao iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo
oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a.

Aeey aiae?co aianeo i?e?iii?iaeiei a aeaeo?iii? aonoeie i?iaaaeaii
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiceo?iiii? ai?a?eyoe??. A?aei?/a?oueny aaeeea
oaeaee?noue ci?ie /ano aeeooy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 iiceo?ii?a a ?ioa?aae? ta = 1…10oa (2,7…27 eAeae/i2
(?en.13). I?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaa oaeaee?noue niinoa??aa?oueny aeey OII
Ae-1, Ae-2 oa Ae-5-1; aeey OII Ae-4 ? Ae-5-2 aaee/eia ? oaeaee?noue
ci?iepicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000
00400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000
0050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000
010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547
970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6
c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a00000026060f000a0
0ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537
97374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000000000
000000000000000463 iii?oii iaioa. I?e ta > 10oa oa?aeoa?
ci?iepicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000
00400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000
0050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000
010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547
970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6
c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a00000026060f000a0
0ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537
97374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000000000
000000000000000463 aeey aeine?aeaeaieo OII ??ciee. Aeey OII Ae-1 ?
Ae-4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 i?aeoe/ii iino?ei? a ?ioa?aae? ta = 10…20oa, a
i?e c?inoaii? ta aei 30oa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 aeaui niaaea?. OII Ae-2, Ae-5-1 ? Ae-5-2
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaaaeeeei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 a iaaeao ta =10…20 oa; iino?ei? cia/aiiy
oe??? oa?aeoa?enoeee (e??i Ae-5-1) niinoa??aathoueny i?e a?eueo?e
aeniiceoe??.

Caa?iaii oaaao ia ??cea ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? ci?ie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 i?e ta~10oa.

Aiaeia?/iee oa?aeoa? ci?i ?ici???a i?e?iii?iaeiei R (aeie? a?eueiiai
ia’?io), aecia/aieo iaoiaeii oe?ieieooiai? Rn- niaeo?ineii?? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ta OII: iniiaia ciaioaiiy i?ioiaeeoue ai?iaeiaae
ia?oeo 10oa OO-aeniiceoe??. I?e a?eueoeo ta niinoa??aa?oueny iacia/ia
ciaioaiiy R: cie?aia, aeey OII Ae-1 i?e ta = 1, 10, 20 ? 30oa
R•[10-10,i] neeaaea? 2,80, 2,57, 2,56 ? 2,53; aeey OII Ae-4 i?e oeo
aea ta — a?aeiia?aeii 2,66, 2,52, 2,51 ? 2,50. Oiaoi, R a OII Ae-4 ?
iaioeie, i?ae a OII Ae-1, ui iiaea aooe iia’ycaia c? noeeuei?noth
ni?yaeaieo nenoai, cie?aia, ooaeaoieo o?aaiaio?a aei
aii?yaeeoaaiiy aiane?aeie aeaeueiuei?
aca?iiae??picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200
0000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201
000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffff
ff000010000000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174
68547970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d
626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000070000a00000026060f
000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202
2253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000
0000000000000000000046-aeaeo?ii?a. ?ici??e a?eueieo ia’?i?a iaa?iaii

?en.12. Oaiia?aoo?iee o?ae eiao?oe??ioa aeonoiiioe/ii? yeino? I aeey
OII: Ae-1 (1); Ae-2 (2); Ae-4(3); Ae-5-1(4); Ae-5-2 (5); Ae-5-3
(6).?en.13.Caeaaei?noue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 /ano aeeooy iiceo?ii?a a?ae ta aeey OII: Ae-1 (1);
Ae-2 (2); Ae-4 (3); Ae-5-1 (4); Ae-5-2 (5).

i?iiioe?ei? /ano OO-aeniiceoe?? OII. Iiae?aia ci?ia aeayeeo
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ? o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae OII a ?ioa?aae? te =
8…15 oa niinoa??aa?oueny ? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ioeo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeacothoue, ui iae?i?eii-iioe/i? aoaeoe
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth ni?eeiyoeeainoae
aoeaio?e/ieo eieaeueieo eiiiiiaio o oeaio?ineiao?e/ieo na?aaeiaeuao,
oiaoi no?oeoo?ii? yeino? iie?ia??a o i?eeeaaeiiio aniaeo?, a o
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiio — aeey oai??? eieaeueieo iie?a o o?ceoe? iie?ia??a.

?icae?e i’yoee i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith aeaeo?io?ce/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee OIE oa OII ia ?o iniia?. Aeenia?n?y i?ia?aeiino? G
iieno?oueny noaiaiaaei ??aiyiiyi
picscalex100010009000003260100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02600240071200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb7ffffff00070000170200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320af400550601000000610010000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320aa001270501000000770010000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002
0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320aa001
b20401000000d70008000000320aa001a901010000003d0017000000fb0220ff00000000
00009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc830400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a0002e10301000000300017000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e204379
7200cc83040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320aa001ca02010000004700
08000000320aa0012e000100000047000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000
10000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc04000000
2d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000000000000000000000000000,
iieaciee
noaiaiypicscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000
0000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000
000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0
00010000000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685
47970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626
f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000061000a00000026060f000
a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225
3797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000
0000000000000000046 yeiai aecia/a?oueny iaoai?ciii ia?aiino iin?y
ca?yaeo. Aeey aeo?aeieo OIE niinoa??aa?oueny neaaea aeenia?n?y G a
iecueei/anoioi?e ae?eyioe? aei??thaaeueiiai ae?aiaciio. A iaeano?
aenieeo /anoio G e?i?eii caeaaeeoue a?ae /anoioe. *anoioa ia?aoiaeo a?ae
iaeiiai oeio G aei ?ioiai aecia/a?oueny i?e?iaeith neeaaeiaeo ?
nooiaiai iie?ia?ecaoe??.

I?e iaeeo nooiaiyo coeaee OIE c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-ca’yceaie a aieiaiiio eaioethc? (Ae-1) G ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae /anoioe. C? ca?eueoaiiyi ta aeenia?n?y G iineeth?oueny; i?e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 iaeaea o anueiio /anoioiiio ae?aiacii? aiia i?aeoe/ii
e?i?eia.

Iayai?noue o aieiaiiio eaioethc? iie?ni?yaeaieo o?aaiaio?a (OIE
Ae-4) aaaea aei cai?ciaiiy ia?aoiaeo aei e?i?eii? /anoioii? caeaaeiino?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 10n. Aeenia?n?y ai?ieneio?oueny 2…3 a?ae??ceaie c
??cieie eooiaeie eiao?oe??ioaie, iaeiae iaoai?ci ia?aiino iin?y i?e
oeueiio iaeiaeiaee. O aeniei/anoioiiio ae?aiacii? ca?eueoo?oueny /anoea
iin??a, ye? ?ooathoueny ii eieae?ciaaieo noaiao, ui caaacia/o?
i?aeneeaiiy aeenia?n?? G OII.

Neaaea /anoioia caeaaei?noue G aeo?aeii? OIE Ae-4 iia’ycaia c
aeaeieae?caoe??th noai?a aaea ia noaae?? ie?aiia?o, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
?ioaineai? i?aeiieaeoey?i? aca?iiae??, ye? iaoiiaeai? iayai?noth
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000070000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000000000000000
000000000046-aeaeo?ii?a, ye? caaacia/othoue ooai?aiiy aii?yaeeiaaieo
iaeanoae a ??aee?e oac?. Aei neeaaeo oeeo ooai?aiue aoiaeyoue ? ae?eeia?
o?aaiaioe, iinooiiaa ca?eueiaiiy yeeo ? iaoiiaeth? aeaui iaioo
oaeaee?noue ci?ie G OIE i?ae /an OOO. Oaeiai ae ?iaeo ooai?aiiy
oa?aeoa?i? ? aeey OIE Ae-5-1. Iniaeeaino? ci?ie G ? ia?aiao??a ??
aeenia?n?? iia’ycai? c iaeith iieaeoey?iith ianith oeueiai ie?aiia?o.

Aeey noi?o? IEI-2 c IAeO-2 ? AeIIAI (OIE Ae-2, Ae-5-3) oa?aeoa?
aeenia?n?? G iiaea iiynithaaoenue ciaioaiiyi aia?a??
i?aeiieaeoey?ieo aca?iiae?e ? ?ic?eoeaiiyi oeeo ooai?aiue.
Ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? o?aaiaio?a c iiaea?eieie ca’yceaie iineeth? oeth
aca?iiae?th: e?i?eia caeaaei?noue G a?ae /anoioe niinoa??aa?oueny aaea
i?e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.

Ii??aiyiiy e?iaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano OOO aeey OIE ??ciiai
neeaaeo iieaco?, ui ia i?ioean ia?aiino ca?yaeo aieeaa? ?ooeea?noue
o?aaiaio?a, ye? ? ianoeaie aeey iin?y ca?yaeo. Ia ?ooeea?noue, a naith
/a?ao, aieeaa? ia o?eueee eiioeaio?aoe?y coeaie ooai?aieo iae?iiieaeoe,
oiaoi aioo??iieaeoey?i? ca’ycee, aea e ooai?aiiy anioe?ao?a i?e
aca?iiae??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-aeaeo?ii?a ni?yaeaieo ca’yce?a (i?aeiieaeoey?i?
aca?iiae??). Aieea iecueeiiieaeoey?iiai AeIIAI, ui ia? iiaea?eiee
ca’cie a na?aaeei? eaioethaa, ia e?iaoeeo OO-ioaa?ae?iiy iaoa??aeo
iiaea?eiee. C iaeiiai aieo, eiai iaea a’yce?noue aaaea aei i?aeaeuaiiy
?ooeeaino? ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo o?aaiaio?a ? aeoaea oaeaeeiai ooai?aiiy
iie?ia?ii? n?oee c iaeei /eneii coeaie, a c ae?oaiai —
?ici??picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000
000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000
00050000000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00
0010000000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854
7970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f
6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000070000a00000026060f000a
00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253
797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000
000000000000000000-ni?yaeaieo anioe?ao?a ca?eueoo?oueny, c?inoa? ?
e?euee?noue ae?eeaoieo oa?oiiaaiue, ui aoiaeyoue aei ?o neeaaeo, oiio
ooai?aiiy o?aaiaio?a, ?aciiainia /anoioa yeeo ciaoiaeeoueny a?ey 1
eAoe, aeiaaa? a?eueoiai ta. Naia oeei iiynith?oueny neeaaeiee o?ae
aeenia?n?eieo e?eaeo G OIE Ae-5-2 i?e ta = 1…15 n a iaeano?
iecueeeo /anoio. Noiniaii ooai?aiiy OII, oi aiane?aeie a?aeiinii?
neaaeino? i?aeiieaeoey?ieo ca’yce?a a anioe?aoao ? iiaeeeaino? aeoiaeo
c ?o neeaaeo ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo a?oi, /an ooai?aiiy OII a oa??
hpicscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02400140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a00013a0001000000bb000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000
00000000000001ii c aeanoeaeie aeey iueiai o?ce/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
c AeIIAI iaei a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae /ano iie?ia?ecaoe?? IEI-2 ? IAeO-2,
iniaeeai aeey noi?oae inoaii?o c AeIIAI (ai?no oioi?i?oe?aoi?a ?
coeaath/iai aaaioa — iaci?iiee).

Aeenia?n?y a?aeiinii? ae?aeaeo?e/ii?
i?iieeiino?picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020
00000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020
1000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00fffff
fff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617
468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796
d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000128000100000065000a00000026060
f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020
22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000
00000000000000000000046o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iieno?oueny noaiaiaaith
caeaaei?noth. Iayai?noue IAA c iiaea?eieie ca’yceaie a aieiaiiio
eaioethc? aeicaiey? caaeia?eueii iienaoe
aeenia?n?thpicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020
00000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020
1000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00fffff
fff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617
468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796
d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000128000100000065000a00000026060
f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020
22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000
00000000000000000000046caaaeaiith caeaaei?noth, a ca oiia, eiee
/anoioa aei??thaaiue aeecueea aei ?aciiainii?, iaea?aeaoe iiaio
aeenia?n?eio e?eao (OIE Ae-5-1 aeo?aeia ? i?e 6…9n). Ca?eueoaiiy
?ici???a ni?yaeaieo o?aaiaio?a (OIE Ae-4) oneeaaeith? aeaeyae
aeenia?n?eii? e?eai?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aaaaoi/enaeuei?noue i?ioean?a
aca?iiae?e a nenoai? ? ?o aieea ia no?oeoo?o OII.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth e?iaoeee ci?ie /ano
?aeaenaoe??picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020
00000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020
1000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00fffff
fff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617
468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796
d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a00000026060
f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020
22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000
00000000000000000000046? e?iaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue ? aeno?aiaeueia
caeaaei?noue a?ae ta. Aaee/eia ta, ye?e a?aeiia?aea? iaeneiaeueia
cia/aiiy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 , caeaaeeoue a?ae o?i?/iiai neeaaeo OIE.
Iaeneiaeueiee /an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?
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02400140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a00013a0001000000bb000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
00000000000461…4 n) aeanoeaee OIE Ae-1, Ae-2 ? Ae-5-3, ye?
i?noyoue IEI -2,

aea aeinyaathoueny aiie i?e ??cieo ta: 24 n aeey Ae-1, 9 n — aeey Ae-2 ?
3…6 n — aeey Ae-5-3. Oaeei /eiii, oi?ioaaiiy aaeeeeo iaaeiieaeoey?ieo
ooai?aiue aeanoeaa IAA IEI-2. Ooai?aiiy e?iaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue c
aaeeeeie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? a OIE Ae-2 ? Ae-5-3 na?ae/eoue i?i iaiaaeaio noi?ni?noue
neeaaeiaeo oeeo OIE.

Iaeneiaeuei?picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902
000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102
01000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffff
ffff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61
7468547970650000300010000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002000200105379
6d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200
000000000000000000000046? OIE Ae-4, Ae-5-1 ? Ae-5-2 eaaeaoue a iaaeao
(4,2…1,5)10-5 n, i?e /iio iaeneioi aeinyaa?oueny i?e ta = 60 n
(Ae-4), 9 ? 60 n (Ae-5-1) ? 36 n (Ae-5-2). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i
ni?aaaaeeea?noue aeiiouaiiy i?i aoiaeaeaiiy aei neeaaeo iaaeiieaeoey?ieo
ooai?aiue c o/anoth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-aeaeo?ii?a ? /anoeie ae?eeaoieo oa?oiiaaiue oa a?eueo
i?ci?e ?o anooi a ?aaeoe??th coeaee OIE. Oeei aea iiynith?oueny ?
iayai?noue aeaio iaeneioi?a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? OIE Ae-5-1.

An? OIE, ca aeiyoeii Ae-5-1, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ceei ciaioaiiyi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? i?e aaeeeeo ta aei aaee/ei, aeanoeaeo aeey aeo?aeieo OIE.
Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui ae?aiacii aei??thaaiue ia ? ?aciiainiei
aeey aaeeeeo e?iaoe/ieo

iaeeieoeue ? a iueiio o OII i?iyaeythoueny o?eueee ?ooe aieiaeo
cai?niee?a. Ia iniia?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? ?ic?aoiaai? ?ici??e a e?iaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue a
OIE a i?ioean? OOO (oaae.3).

Na?aaei? a ?ooiieo o?aaiaio?a caeaaeaoue, cie?aia, a?ae aia?a??
i?aeiieaeoey?ii? aca?iiae?? ie?aiia??a OIE. Iaea?eueo? a oa?aeoa?i? aeey
OII, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeoue IEI-2. Aea a OIE c ai?noii IEI-2 ?
AeIIAI, ye? noeeuei? aei oi?ioaaiiy iaaeiieaeoey?ieo ooai?aiue c
o/anoth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-aeaeo?ii?a, niinoa??aa?oueny ??cea ciaioaiiy ?o a i?e
ta>15n, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?nioaaiiy a OII cia/ii? e?eueeino? ae??aieo
aeiaoe, oeaio?aie yeeo ? naia oe? ooai?aiiy, aiane?aeie /iai na?aaei?e
?ici?? aeiaoe ciaioo?oueny. Oeei aea iiyniththoueny ? iaaaeee? ?ici??e
e?iaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue OIE Ae-4 ? Ae-5-2. Aio/e?noue a?aeiinii iaaaeeeeo
iieaeoe AeIIAI caaacia/o? aeaui a?eueo? ?ici??e iiey?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo
o?aaiaio?a OIEAe Ae-5-1. Oaeei /eiii, aca?iiae?y i?ae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-aeaeo?iiieie oa?oiiaaiiyie aieeaa? ia o?eueee ia e?iaoeeo
ooai?aiiy OII, aea e ?ici??e ?ooiieo o?aaiaio?a a OIE, ui
iie?ia?eco?oueny.

Oaaeeoey 3

Ci?ia ?ici???a a e?iaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue OIE

a i?ioean? iie?ia?ecaoe??.

Ci?ia o?ceei-o?i?/iiai noaio OIE a i?ioean? OOO a?aeaeaa?oueny ?
ia aaee/ei? ?o iii?o Rv ia iino?eiiio no?oi?. ??no Rv iaoiiaeaiee
ca?eueoaiiyi oiaueie h oa?o OII, yea iiaea aooe aecia/aia /a?ac ieoii?
iii?e Ri’ ? ii?? aei??thaaeueii? eii??ee R’ i?e aeaiiio ta ca
aeiiiiiaith ae?aco:

h = H(Ri’- R’)/ Ri’, aea H — caaaeueia oiaueia h OII.

An? aeine?aeaeai? OIE oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iayai?noth ?iaeoeoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo ti , o?eaae?noue yeiai iaeiaioa (5n) aeey OIE Ae-1, a
iaea?eueoa (25n) — a Ae-5-1. Aeey OIE, ui aeeth/athoue ie?aiia?e c
oa?oiiaaiiyie -N=N-, Rv iaaoaa? noaeeo cia/aiue eeoa /a?ac 70…100n.
Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iiaoaii?noue i?ioeano OOO OII: nii/aoeo a ?aaeoe?th
anooiathoue a?euei? ae?eeaoi? a?oie, a caiaeii, a i??o aea?eueiaiiy c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-aeaeo?iiieo ooai?aiue, ?o caeeoie. Oiaoi, i?ioean
ooai?aiiy OII ?icoyaiooee a /an?.

A?aeiii, ui iioe/ia iiaeeiaiiy ?aaeeeae?a cnoiooa o
aeiaaioaeeueiao iaeanoue a ii??aiyii? c a?aeiia?aeieie
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie ?a/iaeiaie; oea ni?ey? o/ano? ?aaeeeae?a a iia?/ieo
?aaeoe?yo, oiaoi, a ?aaeoe?yo, ui ia aaaeooue aei ooai?aiiy OII.
E?euee?noue caaeaeeo ?aaeeeae?a i?iii?oe?eia lgte i?e ii?ii?iaii?
“?aaeoi?a” (aei??thaaeueii? eii??ee) iaaeoei?/iei na?oeii. Ae?enii,
e?iaoe/i? caeaaeiino? Rv caaeia?eueii e?iaa?ecothoueny a
iai?aeiaa?eoi?/ieo eii?aeeiaoao, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue i?ioeano
o.ca. «a?aea?ethaaiiy».

O oinoiio ?icae?e? «Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ?aeue?oiooai?aiiy,
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae
oioiiie?ia?ieo ae?oea?nueeeo oi?i oa iioe/ieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe??» /a?ac
i?ecio no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue o OII a i?ioean? OOO ? aeiaeaoeiaeo
ia?iaie (AeI- oa?i?/ii?, no?oiaie A*) a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiiiiiaioiiai
neeaaeo OIE, ?o o?i?/ii? aoaeiae aea/aii iacaai? aeua aeanoeaino? OII ?
ae?ia?a c ieo.

Oaeaee?noue OOO Wp-1 ia iaai?e aeeaei? OIE iaaea? c? ca?eueoaiiyi
oiaueie d OII aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? OO-ii?ii?ithaaiiy
(?en.14,a,a). I?ae cai?ioiueith aaee/eiith Wp-1 ?iaeoeoe?eiei ia??iaeii
to ?nio? e?i?eia caeaaei?noue. A?aie/ia aeeaeia eiiaa?n??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-N=N-ca’yce?a
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000061000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000
0000000000046=100-Cc=c) ia aeinyaa?oueny iaeii/anii ii an?e d
ioaa?aeaeaiiai oa?o OII. Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i iioa?iaee
oa?aeoa? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? OIE ia iniia? IAA ? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
eiioeaioe?th A.O.Ianethea ? A.I.O?aiianueeiai i?i oeth iniaeea?noue
OOO. Caeaaei?noue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(ta) aeey aeaio d iaaaaeaia ia ?en.14,a.: caoaaaeeii, ui
ia?aoai?aiiy a?aeaoaathoueny a oa?? d=2…3iei, aea /a?ac oa? OII
??cii? d — 0,3 ? 0,8ii. Caeaaei?noue W?(d) iieno?oueny ae?acii:
W?=picscalex100010009000003640100000400170000000000050000000902000000000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, aea D0= ln I0/I — iioe/ia aonoeia
iaeeie/ii? oiaueie oa?o OII
i?epicscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000
400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000
50000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001
0000000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797
0650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0
002040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00f
fffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797
374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000000000000
009170000000000 iaeneioio na?oei/ooeeaino? OIE (a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo 360
ii) k — eiao?oe??io, caeaaeeoue a?ae i?e?iaee OII. Oiaoi, aaee/eie lnWp
? ln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 oaeiae e?i?eii caeaaeaoue a?ae aeiaooeo Do ia d.

?en.14. Caeaaei?noue eiiaa?n?? N=N ca’yce?a i?e ooai?aii? OIIa?ae /ano
OO-ii?ii?ithaaiiy:

a) aeey OIE Ae-1 — 1,2; aeey OIE Ae-2-3,4. Oa?i?i caa??aaiiy, ae?a: 1 —
235; 2 — 10; 3 — 77; 4 — 10.

a) aeey OIE Ae-1 — i?e oiauei? OII, ii: 1 — 0,3; 2 — 0,8.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aeeoo?caeaoiino? OIE Ae-1 ? Ae-2 c ??cieie
oa?i?iaie caa??aaiiy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 (3, 144 ? 306 ae?a) anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae
na?oei/ooeea?noth, aeaeo?io?ce/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ? a’yce?noth OIE.
Nooo?ai aieeaa? ia e?iaoeeo ci?i Rv,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/picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02a00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a60013a000100000044000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
280fe00000000t a’yce?noue
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a000110000100000068000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
280fe00000046a,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) iayai?noue a ?aoeaioo?? OIE ie?aiia??a c
iiey?ecaoe?eiicaeaoiei aaicieueiei e?eueoeai (IAA IAeO-2) c ?ooeeaeie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-aeaeo?iiaie, a oaeiae ciai?oi?o aieea?a — aieiaino?,
aeinooio eenith iia?o?y. Oe? oa?oiiaaiiy iiaeooue ?ioaineaii
aca?iiae?yoe i?ae niaith ? ao??iei eeniai non?aei?o iieaeoe,
ooai?thaaoe anioe?aoe ca o/anoth eenith iia?o?y, aieiae. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui ci?ie Rv,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/picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02a00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a60013a000100000044000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000
280fe00000000t ?
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a000110000100000068000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000
280fe00000046a,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) a i?ioean? OOO OIE ei?aeththoue i?ae niaith, ui
aeicaiey? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao c aeinoaoiueith ei?aeoi?noth ioe?ithaaoe
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue ca ci?iith a’yceino?.

Aeey a?aeoai?aiiy i?e?i?aeue?oo IAe-iao?eoe? OIE iiaeiia
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoenue iaeith a’yce?noth ? aaeeeith aia?a??th aca?iiae?? c
iiaa?oiath i?ea?iaeo o aeo?aeiiio noai? ? iaeeie aeaoi?iiaai?noth
oa aia?a??th aca?iiae?? c oe??th ae iiaa?oiath i?ney OOO.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?ie eooa cii/oaaiiy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 iieacaee, ui aaee/eie iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao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 a ?ioa?aae? ta=2…8 oa iienothoueny ??aiyiiyie:

(7)

(8)

a a ?ioa?aae? 8…15oa

(9)

(10)

I?oei?noue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? OII ca oeeo oiia iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyie a?aeiia?aeii:

(11)

Aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? iiey?ieo iaoae?eeiaeo a?oi a
i?ioean? OOO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 ciaioo?oueny. C iiceoe?e iioa?iai? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe??
ci?ia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 iiaeiia aoea a caaa?oeoenue ca e?eueea ia?oeo naeoiae ta.
Iaeiae, /an ooai?aiiy ??aiiaaaeii? no?oeoo?e ca?eueoaiee ia aeaa
ii?yaeee, ui iiaea iiynithaaoenue i?a?aoe??th iecueeiiieaeoey?ii?
o?aeoe?? ia aaea noi?iiaaio iiaa?oith ae?iao. Aeinyaiaiiy iino?eieo
cia/aiue i?oei?noii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee OII iia’ycaia c
oi?ioaaiiyi coeoi? no?oeoo?e o anueiio eiai ia’?i? ? oiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ci?oa, i?ae noaa?e?caoe?y aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi?.

Aeine?aeaeaii eiio?aeoe?th OIE a i?ioean? OOO, aaee/eia yei?
caeaaeeoue a?ae i?e?iaee ?? neeaaeiaeo, ? anoaiiaeaii, ui ai?iaeiaae
oaoiieia?/ii iaiao?aeiiai ta aiia ia aeinyaa? noaeeo cia/aiue.
Cai?iiiiiaaii a eanao? aeey OOO ae?ia?a (iniaeeai aenieii?aoeac?eieo)
aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiiiainoth/? ?aca?ai? ia’?ie OIE, ye? caaacia/othoue
io?eiaiiy ye?nieo ae?ia?a.

Aeey oioiiie?ia?ieo iae?i- ? i?e?i?aeue?oieo cania?a caieno
?ioi?iaoe?? (OAeO, IAe) aaaeeea? aeine?aeaeaiiy oiia OOO ?aeue?oo c
aenieith /anoioith. Iieacaii, ui iioeei-aaiiao?e/ia iiaeaeue o oeueiio
aeiaaeeo ? iaaeinoaoiueith; iaiao?aeii oaeiae a?aoiaoaaoe
aeeo?aeoe?ei? aoaeoe, ye? iia’ycai? c aaee/eiith iieacieea caeiieaiiy
n.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy ia??iaee/iiai
?aeue?oo OAeO a ia’?i? OI-oa?o aea?aia aeeo?aeoe??eia iiaeaeue. Ia
iniia? ??aiyiiy E??oaioa-O?aiaey ?iciiae?e aeeo?aaiaaii? aiie?ooaee a
iiiioa?? dh ia aeeaei? h caieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi cai?oee:

(13)

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeeiaiiy aeeo?aaiaaieo oaeeue aaiaeeoueny
eiiieaeniee iieaciee caeiieaiiy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, aea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- iieaciee
caeiieaiiy, k — iieaciee iiaeeiaiiy, ye? ? iioe/ieie eiinoaioaie
OI-oa?o. Oiae? iioe?aiiy aoi?eiieo aeeo?aaiaaieo oaeeue o OI-oa??
iieno?oueny caeaaei?noth:

, (14)

aea ooieoe?y O?aiaey oa?aeoa?eco? oiiae o?aiae?anueei? aeeo?aeoe???, a
ooieoe?y Aaona — iiaeeiaiiy aeeo?aaiaaieo oaeeue. ?acii c oei eiiieaenia
/anoeia iieacieea aea? ooieoe?th:

, , (15)

aea E — eiao?oe??io iiaeeiaiiy na?oea o OI-oa?? ca caeiiii
Aoaa?a-Eaiaa?oa-Aa?a.

?en.15.Aoaeoeaia aeeaeia i?iieeiaiiy aeeo?aaiaaiiai na?oea a oi/oe? o=0
a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici???a ?ano?iai? e?i?? ca oiia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0,5 aeey /anoio
?ano??apicscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000
0000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000
000050000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0
00010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685
47970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626
f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a00010400010000006e000a00000026060f000
a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225
3797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000
00000013a0000000046i = 4…12 ii. Ioieoe?ia e?i?y — ??aaiue
eaiaa?o?anueeiai iiaeeiaiiy.

Aeey oiaueie OI-oa?o hmax ~ 1 ii, ca?aeii aei caeiio
eaiaa?o?anueeiai iiaeeiaiiy (6.15) aaee/eia Kh<10. Oiae? aeey /anoio ?ano??a picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320a00010400010000006e000a00000026060f000a00ffff ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374 656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000001 3a0000000046o<4.0 ii-1 ?ic-a'ycie ??aiyiiy (6.13) iaaoaea aeaeyaeo: (16) Ooo eiao?oe??ioe eiio?anoo Am (picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000 2040000002d01000008000000320a000110000100000068000a00000026060f000a00fff fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737 4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000000000000 13a0000000046, picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320a000122000100000067000a00000026060f000a00ffff ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374 656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000001 3a0000000046i, E) aeeo?aeoe?eiiai cia?aaeaiiy caaeathoueny: a?aeiinieie ?ici??aie oo?eoa ?ano?a picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320a000110000100000068000a00000026060f000a00ffff ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374 656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000001 3a0000000000= 2a/T oa ianooaaii aeeo?aeoe??picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020 00000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020 1000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00fffff fff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d617 468547970650000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796 d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000122000100000067000a00000026060 f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020 22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000 000000000013a0000000046i = picscalex112010009000003050100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c020002a0041200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb7ffffff60040000b70100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e2043797200cc38040000002d01000008000000320af400f90301000000 320017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720 526f6d616e2043797200cc38040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320aa001 4a02010000002f0017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc38040000002d01000004000000f00101000800 0000320aa001da0201000000540008000000320aa001060101000000460010000000fb02 80fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101000400 0000f001000008000000320aa0013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff 01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d 00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000000000000000000000000001 010000000000, aea F - aeeo?aeoe?eiee oieon nenoaie, Mo - eiao?oe??io e?i?eiiai ca?eueoaiiy cia?aaeaiiy. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee oiia aeniiioaaiiy OI-oa?o aaiaeeoueny iiaeaeue aaoniaiai aeaea?aea: (17) aea - picscalex1160100090000035c0100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02600220091200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0080000060200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000700017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e2043797200cc33040000002d01000008000000320a80010b0801000000 700008000000320a8001190601000000640008000000320a8001ac030100000046000800 0000320a80013a0001000000640017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc33040000002d01010004000000 f001000008000000320ae001150102000000656617000000fb0280fe0000000000009001 000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc33040000002d01 000004000000f001010008000000320a80013307010000002f0017000000fb0220ff0000 000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc33 040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ae0018e0501000000300010000000 fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010000 04000000f001010008000000320a80019504010000006e0010000000fb0280fe00000000 00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000 08000000320a80017302010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000 10000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc04000000 2d01000004000000f001010003000000000000040000000000000000030000000000- ia?aiao? ?ici???a aeaea?aea. I?e aaeeeeo /anoioao ?ano?a ?ioaa?aeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea n ia a?aoiao? iiaeeea? iniaeeaino? i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eo, ia yeee iiaea nooo?ai aieeaaoe ia e?euee?noue ? ?ici??e iaaeiieaeoey?ieo ooai?aiue. C oeeie ?ici??aie ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aaee/eiith n aaciina?aaeiuei iia'ycaia neea inoeeeyoi?a a. I?e ooai?aii? a?eueo iaeii??aeii? no?oeoo?e a c?inoa?. Aeiaeaoeiaa ia?iaea (AeI) NoA* i?ecaiaeeoue aei oaeiai ae ca?eueoaiiy a, ye ? eiiaaeoe?eia oa?iiia?iaea (oaae.4), /ei i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iiaeeea?noue nooo?aiai nei?i/aiiy /ano AeI. Ci?ie no?oeoo?e OII i?e iaa??aaii? i?aeoaa?aeaeai? iai?yieie (iioe/ia ? ae?aeaeo?e/ia niaeo?ineii?y) ? i?yieie (oe?iei- ? iaeieooiaee ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iee aiae?c) iaoiaeaie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?ea? iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy ca eooiaei oiaeii ? ??aiai ?ioaineaiino? ? oa?aeoa?ieie aeey oeiiaeo aii?oieo iaeiioacieo iie?ia??a. Niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy cia/aiue na?aaeiueiai eaaae?aoa oeoeooaoe?? aeaeo?iiii? aonoeie picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02a00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320a60013a000100000044000a00000026060f000a00ffff ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374 656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000000 00cc00000046?2 [10-5 (iieue ae)2 ni-6] c 0,7169 aeey aeo?aeiiai OII Ae-1 aei 0,8904 i?ney oa?iiia?iaee ? 0,9722 i?ney ia?iaee NoA* ? a?aenooi?noue oaeeo ci?i o OII Ae-2 (0,9421, 0,9546 ? 0,9769 a?aeiia?ae- ii). Ni?anoaaeaiiy ooieoe?e ei?aeyoe?? oaeiae na?ae/eoue i?i ??ceo ci?io ?ici??ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeanoae i?e?iaaoa?iaaiiino? OII Ae-1 i?ney AeI ? a?aenooi?noue (aai iaeicia/i?noue) oaeeo ci?i o OII Ae-2. Aeey OII Ae-1 ia noaae?? OO-ioaa?ae?iiy niinoa??aa?oueny iayai?noue iaeieiio?anoieo iaeanoae ?ici??ii aei 70 ii, ye? i?ney AeI ciaioothoueny aei 2...5 ii iacaeaaeii a?ae aeaeo AeI, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue cai?iith oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee ia ia?iaeo NoA* nei?ioeoe /an ia 2-3 ii?yaeee. O OII Ae-2 oae? aenieieiio?anoi? i?e?iiaeano? oi?iothoueny aaea ia ia?oiio aoai? OO-ioaa?ae?iiy ? oiio AeI oaeiai ?iaeo OII iaaeioe?eueia. Ni?aoe?y aiaee ia'?iii OII caeaaeeoue a?ae o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee eiiiiiaio?a ? aaee/eie aioo??oi?o iai?oaeaiue, ye? iaoiiaeai? no?oeoo?ith ? iieno?oueny a?aeiiith aeniiiaioe?aeueiith caeaaei?noth. Ooai?aiiy a?eueo ??aiiaaaeii? no?oeoo?e i?e AeI ciaioo? aaee/eio ni?aoe??. Eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? iaaooaiiy aeey iaaieo ?aaeei?a AeI NoA* ni?aiaaea? c oa?i?/iith (10 aiae., 373E). Oaaeeoey 4 Ia?aiao?e inoeeeyoi??a a ? picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00ffff ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374 656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000000 00cc00000000i aeey OII Ae-1 ? Ae-2 i?e ??cieo ?aaeeiao aeiaeaoeiai? ia?iaee. Aeae ia?iaee ?aaeeie ia?iaeeOII c OIE Ae-1OII c OIE Ae-2OIINO,Et, a.A,eAeaeapicscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200 0000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201 000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffff ff000010000000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174 68547970650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d 626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f 000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202 2253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000000000 000000000000cc00000046 iapicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004 00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005 0000000b0200000000050000000c02c00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010 000000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970 650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00 02040000002d01000008000000320a60013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00ff ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973 74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000000000000 0000cc00000046 iAoaeii----1,1850103,231,2469108,311--15,01,1877101,041,2481111,982--37, 51,1907101,391,2536112,19Ia?. NoA*3--2251,1936101,311,2620109,134--3001,1966101,231,2680108,965--4501, 1995111,681,2908108,106--4501,1990113,451,2855109,34Oa?iiia?.737310-1,23 03113,241,3021109,34 E??i caaaeaieo aeuapicscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000 0400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000 050000000b0200000000050000000c02600180011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000 10000000c0ffffff2600000040010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479 70650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c 0002040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000073000a00000026060f000a00 ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379 7374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000 000000cc00000046p ?picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000 2040000002d01000008000000320a000128000100000065000a00000026060f000a00fff fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737 4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000 000cc00000046p, ioe?ithaaeenue oaeiae i?e?ioaa?ae?noue Hm, iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? A1 (iaoiaeii OC-ae?aaiinoeee) ? aeiaaia?/i?noue lgpicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004 00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005 0000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010 000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970 650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00 02040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a00000026060f000a00ff ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973 74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000000000000 0000cc00000000. Aeine?aeaeai? OII ca iieacieeii Hm ?icoaoiaothoueny a ?yae: Ae-1 > Ae-5-1 > Ae-2 > Ae-4. A1 oeeo OII aeecuee? i?ae
niaith (2,42…2,92 102 IIa). Iaea?eueoee A1 OII Ae-5-1 (3,39 102 IIa),
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ae?aaeaia o OII Ae-4 ? Ae-5-2, ye? i?noyoue iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue
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picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02600160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff2600000020010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000070000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000000000000000
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lgpicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010
000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970
650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00
02040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a00000026060f000a00ff
ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973
74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000ace303010c0040009c
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1000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00fffff
fff000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d617
468547970650000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796
d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000122000100000067000a00000026060
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22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000
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aaee/eiopicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000
00000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100
0000050000000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff
000010000000c0ffffff2600000000010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d617468
547970650000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a000122000100000067000a00000026060f00
0a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222
53797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce02000000
000000ffffff00000046. Aiane?aeie oeueiai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 c?ace?a (?i?oaoi??a
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lgpicscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010
000000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970
650000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00
02040000002d01000008000000320a000116000100000074000a00000026060f000a00ff
ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973
74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000ace303010c0040009c
080301000000000000000000ffffff00000000iacia/iee. Aeyaeaii ei?aeyoe?th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picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02600180011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff2600000040010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a00011c000100000073000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000000
000000000046p
?picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a000128000100000065000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000
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?ioa?aae?picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000
000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010
00000050000000b0200000000050000000c02a00160011200000026060f001a00fffffff
f000010000000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746
8547970650000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d6
26f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320a60013a000100000044000a00000026060f0
00a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022
253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000
000000000000000000000O = 328…373 E
?picscalex100010009000003a8000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040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-
aei 60 ae?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai? aoei aecia/aii aia?a?th aeoeaaoe?? ?
eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? i?ioean?a ci?ie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?picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02600140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a000128000100000065000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce020000000000000
0000000000046p. Ca ??aiyiiyi A??ai?ona aeai?, iaea?aeai? i?e 1000N,
aeno?aiiethaaeenue ia e?iiaoio oaiia?aoo?o. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iia??oaiiy
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?ia?a, cie?aia, iioe/ieo iieaciee?a,
a o./. iiaea?eiiai i?iiaiacaeiieaiiy IAe, ne?ae i/?eoaaoe ia ?ai?oa,
i?ae /a?ac 8…10 ?ie?a.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a ??aeeeo OIE ?niothoue aii?yaeeiaai? iaeano?,
ye? caa??aathoueny a i?ioean? oioio?i?/iiai oi?ioaaiiy ae?ia?a ?
aecia/athoue oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? OII oa aenieoaoaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ae?ia?a c ieo, a oiio /ene? OAeO. Iaaeiieaeoey?i?
ooai?aiiy i?i?iaeueieo ?ici???a oi?iothoueny c ie?aiia??a c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-ca’yceaie a aieiaiiio eaioethc?. Iayai?noue a
ie?aiia?ao o?aaiaio?a c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-ca’yceaie caaacia/o? ae??aiiaeenia?nio no?oeoo?o oaeeo
ooai?aiue; iaeiaio? ?ici??e niinoa??aathoueny a OIE, ui i?noyoue
o?aaiaioe c a?iiaoe/ieie yae?aie. Oe? ooai?aiiy aieeaathoue ia e?iaoeeo
OOO. Aea?eueiaiiy ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo a?oi c oii?yaeeiaaii? oace
a?aeaoaa?oueny c aeayeei cai?ciaiiyi, oiio a ?aaeoe?th aiie
anooiathoue /a?ac 40…60 n i?ney ii/aoeo OO-aeniiioaaiiy. I?ioean
coeaee ia iiaa?oi? iaoa??aeo caaa?oo?oueny /a?ac 8…10 oa, a a ia’?i?
— /a?ac 15…20 oa (ca oiia aia?aaoe/ii? ina?oeaiino? 2,7 eAeae/i2).

I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee aeaeo?ii-a?a?iiieo aca?iiae?e a IAA.
Iayai?noue oaeeo ooai?aiue iaoiiaeth? iniaeeaino? iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
OII, iaoai?ci ? aaee/eio ?o aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?, aecia/a? iniiai?
o?ceei-iaoai?/i?, oaoiieia?/i? oa aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino?
oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a.

2. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia iayai?noue iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo aoaeo?a o
OII ia iniia? ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a, ei?aeyoe?y i?ae aaee/eiith aeaeo?i-,
i’?ci-, aeanoi- oa oioi?iaeoeiaaiith aaia?aoe??th ae?oai? aa?iii?ee oa
aoeaio?eciii iaaeiieaeoey?ieo ooai?aiue, yeee iaoiiaeaiee
iayai?noth a?iiaoe/ieo o?aaiaio?a a ie?aiia??. A oeeo aea iaoa??aeao
niinoa??aa?oueny iaea?eueoa oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue aaia?aoe?? ae?oai?
aa?iii?ee. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii iecueeioaiia?aoo?i? oacia?
ia?aoiaee, ye? coiiaeththoue aiiiae?? iioi-aeaeo?iiieo oa?aeoa?enoee
OII ia iniia? ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a.

3. Iaoiaeaie iiceo?iiii? ai?a?eyoe?? oa ?aioaai?anueei? aeeo?aeoe??
aeine?aeaeaii ci?ie a?eueiiai ia’?io a OIE a i?ioean? oioio?i?/iiai
oi?ioaaiiy OII. Anoaiiaeaii ciaioaiiy ?ici???a i?e?iii?iaeiei i?e
c?inoaii? nooiaiy eiiaa?n?? ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo N=N-ca’yce?a;
iaea?eueo? ci?ie aeanoea? aeey OIE c a?iiaoe/ieie o?aaiaioaie.

Aecia/aii ?ici??e e?iaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue, ui iiey?ecothoueny i?ae
ae??th ci?iiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey: iaea?eueo? oa?aeoa?i? aeey OIE ia
iniia? ie?aiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeao?a, a iaeiaio? — ia iniia?
ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a.

4. Oai?aoe/ii ioe?iaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
iniaeeaino? ooai?aiiy (a i?ioean? OOO) ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o ia a?aieoe?
ca?iaee?a oaa?aei? oace ? iaiiaithaa/?a a OIE oa aea/aii eiai aieea
ia ci?io iioe/ieo, oaoiieia?/ieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee OII.
Anoaiiaeaii iioe/io ai?cio?ii?th ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o a caeaaeiino? a?ae
eooa iaae?iiy aeoei?/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? aiane?aeie oeueiai ci?ie
i?io?e?a ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iano/iai ?aeue?oo oioiiie?ia?ieo ae?oea?nueeeo
oi?i.

5. Oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaia ci?ia aia?aaoe/ieo
niaeo??a OIE ? OII aiane?aeie aaaaeaiiy oioi- aai aeaeo?iaeoeaieo
(i?aiaioe, naaiaoiaeaeo?e/i? e?enoaee) iaiiaithaa/?a. Oea aieeaa? ia
e?iaoeeo iie?ia?ecaoe?? oa?a, caeaoieo aei oioiioaa?ae?iiy ? ia ?o
eie??i? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aeey a?eueo aaeaeaaoiiai oai?aoe/iiai iieno
eie??ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo oa?a
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiue E?aia?na-E?ii?aa,
ii?iiaaieo ia niaeo?aeueio /ooeea?noue iea.

6. I?aeoaa?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ?aeue?oo
OAeO ia ??cieo /anoioao ?ano?a ca iioeei-aaiiao?e/iith oa
aeeo?aeoe?eiith iiaeaeyie iioe?aiiy na?oea a ia’?i? oioi/ooeeaiai
iaoa??aeo. A?aooaaiiy eiiieaeniiai iieacieea caeiieaiiy aeicaiey?
?icae?eeoe o?ce/i? i?ioeane — aeeo?aeoe?th ? iiaeeiaiiy aoi?eiieo
aeeo?aaiaaieo oaeeue. Ia /anoioao ?ano?a aeua 4 ii-1 aeii?io?
aeeo?aeoe?eia ?icn?yiiy aeoei?/iiai iaeiaa?aioiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ia
iaioeo /anoioao aieea aeeo?aeoe?? i?i?iaeueiee ? oi?ioaaiiy ?ano?iai?
no?oeoo?e caaeia?eueii iieno?oueny iioeei-aaiiao?e/iith iiaeaeeth.

7. Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? aieao ia no?oeoo?o OII ??ciiai
neeaaeo oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee ae?ia?a. Eiiaaeoe?eia oa?iiia?iaea aeeeeea?
ciaioaiiy ?ici???a ia?aeiieo iaiaeii??aeinoae (50…70 ii) aei 2…5
ii, ni?ey? ooai?aiith a?eueo iaeii??aeii? no?oeoo?e. Aiaeia?/iee aeea
ia? aeniei/anoioiee iaa??a, yeee nei?i/o? o?eaae?noue ia?iaee ia
2…3 ii?yaeee.

8. Aeyaeaiee ??ciee oa?aeoa? aeiaaia?/iino? aeaiaio?a OAeO a
caeaaeiino? a?ae niinia?a aeiaeaoeiai? ia?iaee ? aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo
na?aaeiaeu. Aeiaeaoeiaa ia?iaea nooo?ai iie?ioo? o?ceei-iaoai?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ae?ia?a.

9. Ciiaeaeueiaaii i?ioean noa??iiy OII, iaea?aeai? a?aeiia?aei?
e?iaoe/i? ??aiyiiy ? i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo ?ano?no i?aoeacaeaoiino?
ai?iaeiaae 10 ?ie?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia noaa?euei?noue
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo ? iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae OII ia iniia?
ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a iiceoeaii aieeaa? aeiaeaoeiaa ia?iaea no?oiaie
aeniei? /anoioe.

10. Anoaiiaeaii, ui noaa?euei?noue aeanoeainoae ae?ia?a c OII ia
iniia? ie?aiao??- oa ie?ai(ea?aiiaoiao)ae?eeao?a ia?oi/a?aiai
aieeaathoue nooi?iue eiiaa?n?? ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo (iao)ae?eeaoieo a?oi
oa iayai?noue aioo??oi?o iai?oaeaiue. Oi?aae?iiy
oaoi?ei-aenieoaoaoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie ae?ia?a c aeine?aeaeaieo OII
aeinyaa?oueny iaeneiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo a?oi (ca
?aooiie iioei?caoe?? ?aaeeio OOO) oa iaea?aeaiiyi ae??aiiaeenia?nii?
no?oeoo?e (oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy iaiane/aieo ie?aiia??a c? ni?yaeaieie
o?aaiaioaie oa / aai aeiaeaoeiai? eiiaaeoe?eii? /e aeniei/anoioii?
oa?iiia?iaee).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao:

1. ?icoi I.O., Ia?aeineee ?.E., Eaca?aiei Y.O. Eciininoieeinoue
ia/aoiuo oi?i aunieie ia/aoe // Iieea?ao. i?ii-noue: Iaci?i.eio. I.:
OeAIOE ii ia/aoe, 1976.- 56 n.

2. Mervinskii R.I. Photoinduced optical phenomena in
oligoethereacrylates.- Euea?a: Ac-A?o, 1998.- 40n.

3. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Eaca?aiei Y.O., Nioei A.E., Eaeeiei I.A.,
Na?na? A.E. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeiaie/aneie onoaeinoe ia/aoiuo oi?i ec
oioiiiiiia?ia a oaoiieiae/aneeo n?aaeao // Oaoieea, oaoiieiaey,
yeiiiieea, iieea?aoey.- E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1976.- N.40-42.

4. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Eaca?aiei Y.O., Ieeeothe I.A., Eaeeiei I.A.,
Ua?aa I.Ae. Aeeyiea oaoiieiaee ecaioiaeaiey ecaeaeee ec
ieeaiyoe?ae?eeaoia ia eo aeieaiaa/iinoue // Oeceei-oeie/aneay iaoaieea
iaoa?eaeia.- 1976.- O.12.- N 1.- N.105-108.

5. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Aa?aiaiei A.E., Eaca?aiei Y.O. E aii?ino
eco/aiey i?ioeannia, i?ienoiaeyueo i?e oi?i/iaiee oioiiieeia?iuo
ia/aoiuo oi?i ec ieeaiyoe?ae?eeaoia // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey i?aaie/aneeo
aauanoa.- Oa?ueeia: Aeua oeiea.- 1977.- N 135.- N.88-90.

6. Ia?aeineee ?.E. Yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey e ea/anoai
oiiieeia?iuo ia/aoiuo oi?i ec aeeaeeeo oioiiieeia?ecothueony iaoa?eaeia
// Iieea?ao.i?ii-noue: Yeni?ann-eio.- I.: OeAIOE ii ia/aoe.- 1979. —
Aui. 3 (111).- N.9-10.

7. Iiaeeiaa I.A., Ia?aeineee ?.E., Na?aio A.O. Iiaaiii/enoea
i?iaaeueiuo yeaiaioia ia/aoiuo oi?i ec aeeaeeeo oioiiieeia?ecothueony
iaoa?eaeia // Iieea?ao.i?ii-noue: Yeni?ann-eio.- I.: OeAIOE ii ia/aoe.-
1979.- Aui.1 (109).- N.29-34.

8. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Aa?aiaiei A.E. Oi?i/iaiea ieanoianniauo ia/aoiuo
oi?i a n?aaea ?anoai?eoaeae // Oeceei-oeie/aneay iaoaieea iaoa?eaeia.-
1979.- O.15.- N 1.- N.70-72.

9. Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., Oiea?/ee C.A. Ionaoi? ? o?aoa?aoi?
ae?oea?nuee? oi?ie c ??aeeeo oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo iaoa??ae?a.-
Ee?a: ?aeeaia, IO? ii i?an?.- 1980.- 4 c.

10. Mervinski R., Konig W., Trauzeddel R. Anwendungstechnische
Fragen des Einzatzes flussiger lichtempfindlicher Systeme fur
fotopolymere Druckformen // Papier und Druck.- 1980.- N 7.
S.105-108.

11. Oiea?/ee C.A., Eaca?aiei Y.O., Ia?aeineee ?.E. Ecaioiaeaiea
o?aoa?aoiuo ia/aoiuo oi?i ec aeeaeeeo oioiiieeia?ecothueony
iaoa?eaeia // Yeaeo?iiiay oaoieea. — 1981, — na?.7 OIII. — aui.3(106).-
N.9-10.

12. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Oaaeioia I.O., Naoa?ia Y.A. Oeaio?aeeciaaiiia
ecaioiaeaiea oioiiieeia?iuo oi?i // Iieea?aoey. — 1983.- N 6.- N.29.

13. Ieeeooea E.C., Ia?aeineee ?.E. Oioiiieeia?ecothueany eiiiiceoeee a
ea/anoaa caueoiuo iie?uoee aoiaa e ea?oiia // Aii?inu oaoiieiaee
aini?iecaaaeaiey iieea?aoe/aneeo ecia?aaeaiee.- Iine: ecae. IiIE.-
1989.- N.34-38.

14. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Aoaecianeay E.A., ?ioa? A.A. Eiio?ieue
aeecianiiniaiinoe e i?ioeanna ioaa?aeaeaiey oioiiieeia?ecothueony
eiiiiceoeee // Oaoiieiaey e eiino?oe?iaaiea a yeaeo?iiiie
aiia?aoo?a.-1992.- N 3.- N.37.

15. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Aoaecianeay E.I., O?aiianeee A.A., Niieia
E.I. Oioiiieeia?ecaoeeiiiiniiniaiua eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa
ieeaiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeaoia aeey oaoiieiaee oe?aaee?iaaiey iioe/aneeo
iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee. Naineoiiao?e/aneea e oeie/aneea naienoaa
//AEo?iae iao/iie e i?eeeaaeiie oioia?aoee.- 1992.- O.37.- N 6.-
N.473-481.

16. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Eeoue E.A., Aoaecianeay E.A., Oeooea I.I.
Yeni?ann- ii?aaeaeaiea iieacaoaey i?aeiieaiey oioiiieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia
// Caaiaeneay eaai?aoi?ey.-1993. — N 11.- N.40-41.

17. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Caii?neee I.E., Eeoue E.A., Aoaecianeay
E.A., Oeooea I.I. Iioeei-niaeo?aeueiua enneaaeiaaiey oioiiieeia?iuo
iaoa?eaeia ia iniiaa ieeaiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeaoia // AEo?iae i?eeeaaeiie
niaeo?ineiiee.- 1993.- O.59.- N 5-6.- N.563-569.

18. Eeoue E.A., Ao?ae ss.A., Eooeea ?.A., Ia?aeineee ?.E., ?ioa?
A.A. Iioe/aneea niaeo?u iiiie?enoaeee/aneeo ieaiie YBa2Cu3O7 ia
iiaeeiaeeao Li2B2O7 (001) a niaeo?aeueiie iaeanoe 0,2-6yA // Iioeea e
niaeo?ineiiey.- 1993.- O.75.- N 6.- N.1267-1271.

19. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Aoaecianeay E.A., ?ioa? A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
aeecia-niiniaiinoe oioiiieeia?ecothueony eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa
ieeea?aiiaoiaoae?eeaoia aeey oaoiieiaee oe?aaee?iaaiey iioe/aneeo
iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee // Oeiey aunieeo yia?aee.-1994.- O.28.- N2.
N.104-108.

20. Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., E?oee ?.A. Niaeo?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oioio?i?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue o oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??aeao ia niia?
ie?aiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeao?a // Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae.-
1994.-O.39.- N 9-10.- N.917 -923.

21. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Iao?aiei I.A., Eeoue E.A. Niaeo?ineiie/aneia
ii?aaeaeaiea iioe/aneeo ooieoeee ia?aoiaeiiai neiy a
oioiiieeia?ecothueony iaoa?eaeao // AEo?iae i?eeeaaeiie
niaeo?ineiiee.- 1994. — O.61.- N 5-6.- N.381-388.

22. Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., Aiica TH.I., Aoaecianueea E.I., Iiiia I.I.
?ioa? TH.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii? iaeii??aeiino? oioiiie?ia?ieo
iaoa??ae?a aeey iioe/ieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? // Eiiii- ceoeeiiiua
iieeia?iua iaoa?eaeu.- E.:1994.- aui.56.- N.55-63.

23. Oiaaaithe I.A., Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., E?oee ?.A., Aeiaaee ss.I.,
Aoiueei N.I. Oioiiie?ia?e ye iioeei-?ioi?iaoe?ei? na?aaeiaeua. Caien
?ano?iaeo no?oeoo? // Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae. -1994. -O.39.- ?
11-12.- N.1127-1133.

24. Aoaecianueea E.I., Iaeaoiye I.N., Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., ?ioa?
TH.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeiiiaeeiaiiy oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a aeey
oe?aaeoaaiiy iioe/ieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? // Iie?a?ao?y ? aeaeaaie/a
ni?aaa.- Euea?a: — 1994.- aei.29.- N.80-84.

25. Aoaecianueea E.I., Ia?a?inueeee ?.?. Iioei?caoe?y
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a aeey iioe/ieo
iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? ia?iaeith no?oiaie aeniei? /anoioe //
O?ceei-o?i?/ia iaoai?ea iaoa??ae?a.- 1994.- O.30.- N 6.- N.74-77.

26. Eo/ia I.I., Ia?aeineee ?.E., Aeoaeye A.A. E?anea
OO-ioaa?aeaeaiey n iiauoaiiie aaeaaceae e iaoaeeo // Eaeie?ani/iua
iaoa?eaeu e eo i?eiaiaiea.- 1994.- N 5.- N.22-24.

27. Oeooea I.I., Eiaaeuenueeee ss.I., Ia?oaeie A.I.,
Ia?a?inueeee ?.?. Iia? iiiiia?e aeey oioiiie?ia?ieo oaoiieia?e //
Iie?a?ao?y ? aeaeaaie/a ni?aaa. -Euea?a: — 1995.- aei.31.- N.17-22.

28. Iao?aiei I.A., Ia?aeineee ?.E., Eeoue E.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
iioe/aneie aiecio?iiee oioiiieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia // Iioe/aneee
aeo?iae.- 1995.- O.62.- N 1.- N.32-34.

29. Ia?aeineee ?.E., Iao?aiei I.A., Eeoue E.A., Eaca?aiei Y.O.
Oi?iiaaiea ?aeueaoa a neia aeeaeeie oioiiieeia?ecothuaeny eiiiiceoeee n
o/aoii iioeei-niaeo?aeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?aoiaeiiai neiy // Iioeea
e niaeo?ineiiey.- 1995.- O.78.- N 2.- N.320-324.

30. Eo/ia I.I., Ia?aeineee ?.E., Eeoue E.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
OO-ioaa?aeaeaaiuo iieeyoe?iuo eaeie?ani/iuo iaoa?eaeia iaoiaeaie
eaca?iie niaeo?ineiiee // Eaeie?ani/iua iaoa?eaeu e eo i?eiaiaiea.-
1995.- N2.- N.26-28.

31. Aeiaaee ss.I., E?oee ?.A., Ia?a?inueeee ?.?. Iae?i?eii-iioe/i?
aoaeoe o oioiiie?ia?ao //Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae.- 1995.-O.40.-N
3.- N.181-185.

32. Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., ?ioa? TH.A., Aoaecianueea E.I. Iniaeeaino?
cii/oaaiiy oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a i?ae /an oioio?i?/iiai oi?ioaaiiy
// Aeiiia?ae? IAI Oe?a?ie.- 1995.- N 5.- N.95-97.

33. Mervinskii R.I., Kityk I.V., Yuvshenko V.O. The nonlinear
optical properties and phase transitions in the irradiated
photopolymers // Ukrainian polymer journal. — 1995.- Vol.4.- N
1-2.- P.5-14.

34. Eaca?aiei A.O., Iao?aiei I.A., Ia?a?inueeee ?.?.
Iioeei-aaiiao?e/ia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy ae?oea?nueeiai ?aeue?oo ia oa??
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoiiai iaoa??aeo i?ae /an aeniiioaaiiy // Iae?o?a
ae?oeo.-1995.- N 2-3.- N.21-22.

35. Mervinskii R.I., Kityk I.V., Makowska-Janusik M., Straube J.
Photoinduced nonlinear optical phenomena in oligoethermetacrylate
photopolimer // Nonlinear optics.- 1995.- Vol.13.- P.245-252.

36. Filipecki J., Kityk I.V., Hyla M., Mervinski R.I.,
Makowska-Janusik M. Badanie struktury materialow fotopolimerowych na
basie oligoeteakrylanov metodami anihilacji pozytonow i dyfrakcji
rentgenowskiej // Materialy 27 Seminarium Anihilacji Pozytonow.
Uniwersytet Opolski i Wroclawski. Opole.- 1995.- S.61-68.

37. Mervinskii R.I., Kityk I.V., Makowska-Janusik M., Filipecki J.,
Straube J., Yatczyszyn Y.Y. Acoustooptical inverstigat?on of the phase
transition in the oligoethermetacrylates // Proceedings SPIE.
Acousto-Optics and Application.- 1995. — Vol. 2643.-P.277-283.

38. Aoaecianueea E.I., Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., Eae?i?ia A.?..
Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano noa??iiy oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy a?o?aicaeaoiino? iioe/ieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? //
Iie?a?ao?y ? aeaeaaie/a ni?aaa.- Euea?a: 1996.- aei.31.- N.62-67.

39. Kityk I.V., Mervinskii R.I., Kasperczyk J., Jossi S.
Synthesis and properties of nm-sized Sn2P2Se6 single crystals
embedded in photopolymeric host // Materials Letters.- 1996.
-Vol.27.- ?.233-237.

40. Ia?a?inueeee ?.?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai iiaeoey
i?oaeiino? oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a iaoiaeii oeueo?acaoeiai?
ae?aaiinoeee // Iae?o?a ae?oeo.- 1996.- N 3.- N.17-18.

41. Kityk I.V., Mervinskii R.I., Jasinskii M.F., Makowska-Janusik
M., Kasperczyk J., Solecki J. Modulated Supestructures in
oligoetheracrylate photopolymers // Ferroelectrics. —
1996.-Vol.186.- P.259-263.

42. Oeooea I.I., Aaaeoe Ea?ei I., Aoaecianeay E.A., ?ioa? A.A.,
Ia?aeineee ?.E. Eeiaoeea eciaiaiey i?iaiaeeiinoe ia ia?aiaiiii oiea
i?e oioiioaa?aeaeaiee aeeaeeeo iaoa?eaeia aeey oioiiieeia?iuo ia/aoiuo
oi?i // Aii?inu iieea?aoe/aneiai i?iecaiaenoaa.- Iine: ecae.
IiAOO.-1995.-N.132-137.

43. Mervinski? R.I., Kityk I.V., Makowska-Janusik M., Straube J.,
Matusiewicz M., Kasperczyk J. Features of acousto-optical
parameters in olygoether(meth)acrylates // Optical Materials. —
1996.- N 6.- P.239-244.

44. Ia?aeineee ?.E. Ii?aaeaeaiea iioe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee
oiiieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia ii niioiioaieth E?aia?na-E?iieaa // Aii?inu
iieea?aoe/aneiai i?iecaiaenoaa.- Iine: ecae. IiAOO.- 1996.- N.62-68.

45. Hyla M., Filipecki J., Mandecki Z., Mervinskii R.I.
Structural changes in the photopolymers based on the acrylate
oligomers studied by positron annihilation lifetime and X-ray
diffraction methods // Journal of Materials Science
Letters.-1997.- Vol.16.- P.1859-1863.

46. Makowska-Janusik M., Kityk I.V., Mervinskii R.I., Jasinskii
M.F., Bouchta S., Golis E., Wasylak J. Some nonlinear optical
phenomena in disordered materials // Molecular and Quantum
Acoustics.- 1996.- Vol.17.- N 3.- P.327-334.

47. Czerwinski M., Bieleninik J., Napieralski J., Kityk I.V.,
Kasperczyk J., Mervinskii R.I. Role of heteropolar bonds in OCM-2
oligocarbonatemethacrylate // European Polymer Journal.- 1997.
Vol.33.- N 9.- P.1447-1457.

48. Czerwinski M., Mervinskii R.I., Kulesza M., Kityk I.V.,
Kasperczyk J. Electronic structure and optical spectra of MDF-2
oligoetheracrylate // Materials chemistry and physics.-
1998.-Vol.56.- P.7-13.

49. Iao?aiei I.A., Ia?aeineee ?.E., Eeoue E.A., Aoaecianeay
E.A.Aeeyiea ia?aoiaeiiai neiy ia ea/anoai yeniiie?iaaiey oioiiieeia?iuo
iaoa?eaeia// Oaoiieiaey e eiino?oe?iaaiea a yeaeo?iiiie
aiia?aoo?a.-1997.-?1.-N.28-30.

50. Ia?a?inueeee ?.?. Iaoiae aecia/aiiy iioe/ieo eiinoaio
oioiiie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a // Iae?o?a ae?oeo.- 1998.- N 2.- N.48.

51. Me?a?inueeee ?.I. Ai?cio?ii?y no?oeoo?e ia?ao?aeiiai oa?o
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e ia iniia?
ie?aiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeao?a // Eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia?? ae?oea?noaa. Ca.
iaoe. i?.- Euea?a: OAAe.- 1998.- N.148-152.

52. Hyla M., Filipecki J., Mandecki Z., Mervinskii R.I. Pozitron
annihilation and diffraction studies of the photopolymers based
on the acrylate oligomers // Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids.-
1998.- Vol. 232-234.- P.446-452.

53. Hyla M., Filipecki J., Mervinskii R.I., Positron lifetime studu of
the free-volume in the photopolymers based on the acrylate oligomers //
A?niee Euea?a. oi-oo. O?ceea ? o?i?y iaoa??ae?a aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee.
Na?. o?c.- 1998.- aei. 31.- N. 111-114.

54. A. n. 715361 NNN?, IEE. B 41B 1/02. Niinia ecaioiaeaiey
iauai-iuo ecaeaeee ec aeeaeeeo oioiiieeia?ecothueony eiiiiceoeee
/A.?. Aaae/, Y.O. Eaca?aiei, A.A. Nunthe e ?.E. Ia?aeineee
(NNN?).N2576617/28-12; Cayaeaii 06.02.78; Iioae. 15.02.80, Athe. N
6.-2n.

55. Iao. 4246336 NOA, IEE G 03 N?/68. Liquid photopolymerizable
composition for making printing forms/ Berlin A.A., Dubrovitsky F.I.,
Lazarenko E.T., Kefeli T.Y., Brikenshtein K.-M.A., Bernatsek V.V.,
Zhizhileva T.A., Kovalenko B.V., Marshavina N.L., Mervinskii R.I.,
Radugina A.A., Tischenko A.R., Fillipovskaya J.M. (NNN?); Cayae.
12.03.79; Iioae. 20.01.81; U.S.Cl. 430/288; 430/281. — 5n.

56. Oiaaaithe I.A., Oeooea I.I., Ia?a?inueeee ?.?., E?oee ?.A.
Oi?ioaaiiy ia??iaee/iiai iae?i?aeueaoo a iioe/ii iaeii??aeiiio
oioiiie?ia?iiio oa??.- Euea?a: 1995.- 36 n. (I?ai?./ IAI Oe?a?ie. ?i-o
o?ceee eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai; ?OEN-95-14O).

57. Mervinski R. Effektivitat und Qualitat fotopolymerer
Druckformen aus flussigen fotopolymerizationsfahiger Materialien
//Referate wissen-schaft.Konf.Techn.Hochschule Leipzig, 1977. -1 s.

58. Mervinski R. Entwicklungen der sich fotopolymerisierenden
Materialien fur die Druckformentechnologie im Hoch-, Offset-, Sieb-und
Flexodruck // Ref. Internat. Konf.»Neue Materialien und
Technologien in der Polygraphie — Polgraph-88″.- Warszawa, 1988.- 5 s.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ia?a?inueeee ?.?. O?ceei-o?i?/i? iniiae oaoiieia?? oi?ioaaiiy
iae?i- oa i?e?i?aeue?oieo iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? c
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a.-
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.01 — iaoeie ? i?ioeane iie?a?ao?/iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.- Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ae?oea?noaa, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiiyi aieeao no?oeoo?e
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo iaoa??ae?a (OII) ia iniia?
ie?aiao??ae?eeao?a ? ie?aiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeao?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny
a oaoiieia?yo iae?i-(oioiiie?ia?i? ae?oea?nuee? oi?ie) ?
i?e?i?aeue?oieo (iioe/i? aeenee) cania?a caa?aaeaiiy ? oe?aaeoaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? (CC?), ia ?o o?ce/i?, o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa oaoiieia?/i?
aeanoeaino?. Iayai?noue iecueeineiao?e/ieo iaaeiieaeoey?ieo ooai?aiue,
iaoiiaeaieo o?i?/iith i?e?iaeith ie?aiia??a, aieeaa? ia e?iaoeeo
oioio?i?/iiai oi?ioaaiiy (OOO), aecia/a? iae?i?eii-iioe/i? aeanoeaino?
aeine?aeaeaieo OII, o?ceei-iaoai?/i? oa aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino?
ae?ia?a c ieo. Oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeiaeo
eiiiiceoe?e iieacaee, ui i?ae /an OOO OII ? ae?ia?a c ieo iniiaio
no?oeoo?iooai?thth/o ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue o?aaiaioe, ui i?noyoue
ni?yaeai?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-aeaeo?iie (ooaeaoi? aai iaea?iaoi? a?oie ie?aiia??a).
Ioe?iaii ?ici??e iaaeiieaeoey?ieo ooai?aiue ? i?e?iionoio (a?eueieo
ia’?i?a) a caeaaeiino? a?ae neeaaeiaeo eiiiiceoe?e, ?aaeei?a OOO ?
aieeao ciai?oi?o iie?a ??cii? i?e?iaee. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?i
aia?aaoe/iiai noaio ie?aiia?-iie?ia?ieo iao?eoeue i?e aaaaeaii? oioi-
(i?aiaioe aeey ae?oea?nueeeo oa?a) — oa aeaeo?iaeoeaieo
(naaiaoiaeaeo?eee) iaiiaithaa/?a. Aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iieno aeanoeainoae
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo oa?a i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoaiiy
ni?aa?aeiioaiue E?aia?na-E?ii?aa, ii?iiaaieo ia niaeo?aeueio
/ooeea?noue iea. Aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo ia?iaie
ae?ia?a aeey CC? o aeniei/anoioiiio aeaeo?iiaai?oiiio iie?, ui
aeicaiey? i?enei?eoe i?ioean oa?iiia?iaee ia 2-3 ii?yaeee, iie?ioeoe
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino? ? ?ano?n i?aoeacaeaoiino?. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe aeanoeaino? OII c ??cieo
eiiiiiaio?a ? iiaeooue neoaeeoe oai?aoe/iith aacith aeey i?aeai?o
?aoeaioo? OII a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaoiieia?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy ? oiia
aenieoaoaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa :oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?y, oioio?i?/ia oi?ioaaiiy,
ie?aiao??ae?eeao, eiiiiceoe?y, oioiiie?ia?ia ae?oea?nueea oi?ia,
iioe/iee aeene, na?oei/ooeea?noue, iiaeeiaiiy, i?e?iiaiaeii??aei?noue,
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue, noa??iiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ia?aeineee ?.E. Oeceei-oeie/aneea iniiau oaoiieiaee oi?iiaaiey
iae?i- e iee?i?aeueaoiuo iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee ec
oioiiieeia?ecaoeeiiii-niiniaiuo iaoa?eaeia ia iniiaa
ieeaiyoe?ae?eeaoia.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.01 — iaoeiu e i?ioeannu iieea?aoe/aneiai
i?iecaiaenoaa.- Oe?aeineay aeaaeaiey ia/aoe, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieyi aeeyiey no?oeoo?u
oioiiieeia?ecaoeeiiiiniiniaiuo iaoa?eaeia (OII) ia iniiaa
ieeaiyoe?ae?eeaoia e ieeaiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeaoia, eniieuecoaiuo a
oaoiieiaeyo iae?i- (oioiiieeia?iua ia/aoiua oi?iu)- e iee?i?aeueaoiuo
(iioe/aneea aeenee — IAe) iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee, ia eo oece/aneea,
oeceei-oeie/aneea e ii?aaeaeyaiua eie oaoiieiae/aneea naienoaa.
Iieacaii, /oi iaee/ea ieceineiiao?e/iuo iaaeiieaeoey?iuo ia?aciaaiee,
iaoneiaeaiiuo oeie/aneie i?e?iaeie ieeaiia?ia, aeeyao ia eeiaoeeo eo
OO-ioaa?aeaeaiey, oeceei-oeie/aneea, oeceei-iaoaie/aneea e
yenieoaoaoeeiiiua naienoaa ecaeaeee. Aia?aua iaia?oaeaiiu a
enneaaeiaaiiuo OII /aoei au?aaeaiiua iaeeiaeii-iioe/aneea naienoaa.
Iieacaii, /oi iioeei-niaeo?aeueiua e iaeeiaeii-iioe/aneea naienoaa
aanueia /oanoaeoaeueiu e no?oeoo?iui i?aia?aciaaieyi a OII a i?ioeanna
eo OOO. Aaee/eia iieacaoaey i?aeiieaiey n enneaaeiaaiiuo OII
niioaaonoaoao o?aaiaaieyi, i?aaeuyaeyaiui aaaeoueie ca?oaaaeiuie oe?iaie
a iaeanoe IAe e eniieuecoaiui iaoa?eaeai. Ia aeeeiao aiei,
niioaaonoaothuei iaeanoyi n/eouaaiey eioi?iaoeee n iiiiuueth He-Ne- eee
iieoi?iaiaeieeiaiai eaca?ia aeey OII ia iniiaa IEI-2 n=1,4892 e 1,4845,
a i?e /anoe/iie caiaia IEI-2 ia IAeO-2 n=1,5117 e 1,5062. Aeenia?ney
n(?) iienuaaaony iiaeaeueth Ae?oaea-Caeueiaa?a. Aaee/eia ia?aiao?a a,
naycaiiiai n eioaa?aeueiie neeie iioe/aneeo inoeeeeyoi?ia, aeey nenoaiu
ia iniiaa IEI-2 eaaeeo a i?aaeaeao 1,18…1,23, /oi niioaaonoaoao iaeie
noaiaie aa ?acoii?yaei/aiiinoe. I?e caiaia /anoe IEI-2
ieeaiyoe?ae?eeaoii IAeO-2 (a niioiioaiee ~1:1) noaiaiue
?acoii?yaei/aiiinoe aic?anoaao, aaee/eia a i?e yoii oaaee/eaaaony aei
1,25…1,30. Ia iniiaaiee i?i?aaioee oiieie no?oeoo?u e?ay
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai iiaeiuaiey OII onoaiiaeaii, /oi a
?acoii?yaei/aiiinoue nouanoaaiiue aeeaae aiineo oeoeooaoeey ieioiinoe
OII. Eaaioiai-oeie/aneeie ?an/aoaie iaoiaeii eeiaeiuo eiiaeiaoeee
aoiiiuo i?aeoaeae aia?aua i?iaaaeaia iioeiecaoeey aaiiao?ee iieaeoe
(i?ia?aiia HYPERCHEM 5.0) ieeaiia?ia IAeO-2, IEI-2 e OAI-3, ii?aaeaeaii
?ani?aaeaeaiea yeaeo?iiiie ieioiinoe e yeaeo?inoaoe/aneeo iioaioeeaeia,
/oi iicaieyao i?iaiice?iaaoue iaeeaeaaiua naienoaa OII ec yoeo
eiiiiiaioia. Oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey eiiiiiaioia eiiiiceoeee
iieacaee, /oi iniiaioth no?oeoo?iia?acothuoth ?ieue a i?ioeanna OOO
OII auiieiytho o?aaiaiou (ooaeaoiua, iaeaeiaoiua), eiathuea
nii?yaeaiiua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-yeaeo?iiu. Iacaaeneiuie iaoiaeaie (eiiaeoeoiiao?ey,
?aioaaino?oeoo?iue aiaeec, iiceo?iiiay aiieaeeyoeey) ioeaiaiu ?acia?u
iaaeiieaeoey?iuo ia?aciaaiee e iee?iionoio (naiaiaeiuo iauaiia) a
caaeneiinoe io i?e?iaeu eiiiiiaioia eiiiiceoeee e OII ia eo iniiaa,
?aaeeiia OOO e aeeyiey ?acee/iuo aiaoieo iieae. Iaeaieueoea ?acia?u
eeiaoe/aneeo aaeeieoe, iiey?ecothueony a ia?aiaiiii yeaeo?e/aneii iiea,
oa?aeoa?iu aeey eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa ieeaiea?aiiaoiaoae?eeaoia;
ieieiaeueiua — ia iniiaa ieeaiyoe?ae?eeaoia. N ?inoii noaiaie
iieeia?ecaoeee iaaethaeaaony oiaiueoaiea iee?iionoio. Iaeaieueoea
eciaiaiey oa?aeoa?iu aeey OIE, eiathuea a naiai ninoaaa ieeaiia?u n
a?iiaoe/aneeie o?aaiaioaie. Oai?aoe/anee e yenia?eiaioaeueii
enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe ia?aciaaiey a i?ioeanna OOO ia?aoiaeiiai neiy
ia a?aieoea ca?iaeuoae oa??aeie oacu a OIE. Eco/aii aai aeeyiea ia
eciaiaiea iioe/aneeo, oaoiieiae/aneeo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
OII; onoaiiaeaia iioe/aneay aiecio?iiey yoiai neiy. Onoaiiaeaiu
caeiiiia?iinoe eciaiaiee yia?aaoe/aneiai ninoiyiey ieeaiia?ii-iieeia?iuo
iao?eoe i?e aaaaeaiee oioi- (ieaiaiou aeey OO-ioaa?aeaeaaiuo e?anie)- e
yeaeo?iaeoeaiuo (naaiaoiyeaeo?eee) iaiieieoaeae. Aeey aaeaeaaoiie
ioeaiee naienoa e?anie i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue niioiioaiey
E?aia?na-E?iieaa, ii?ie?iaaiiua ia niaeo?aeueioth /oanoaeoaeueiinoue
aeaca. Iiaeoaa?aeaeaii, /oi OOO ?aeueaoa ia/aoiuo oi?i eiaao
aeaienoaaiioth i?e?iaeo: ia ieceeo /anoioao ?ano?a (aei 4,0 ii-1)
iienuaaaony iioeei-aaiiao?e/aneie iiaeaeueth, a ia aieaa aunieeo —
aeeo?aeoeeiiiie. Iieacaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue aeiiieieoaeueiie ia?aaioee
ecaeaeee a auniei/anoioiii yeaeo?iiaaieoiii iiea, iicaieythuae onei?eoue
i?ioeann oa?iiia?aaioee ia 2-3 ii?yaeea, oeo/oeoue yenieoaoaoeeiiiua
naienoaa e ?ano?n ?aaioiniiniaiinoe. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eiiiiceoeee ia
iniiaa ieeaiyoe?ae?eeaoia iaeaaeatho aunieie aeecianiiniaiinoueth (ia
iaiaa aiaea), a ecaeaeey nio?aiytho yenieoaoaoeeiiiua naienoaa aei 10
eao. Auiieiaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iicaieytho i?iaiice?iaaoue naienoaa OII
ia iniiaa ?aciuo eiiiiiaioia e iiaoo neoaeeoue oai?aoe/aneie aacie aeey
iiaeai?a ?aoeaioo? eiiiiceoeee a caaeneiinoe io oaoiieiae/aneiai
iacia/aiey e oneiaee yenieoaoaoeee ecaeaeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oioiiieeia?ecaoeey, oioioeie/aneia oi?iiaaiea,
ieeaiyoe?ae?eeao, eiiiiceoeey, oioiiieeia?iay ia/aoiay oi?ia, iioe/aneee
aeene, naaoi/oanoaeoaeueiinoue, iiaeiuaiea, iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiinoue,
aeecianiiniaiinoue, noa?aiea.

SUMMARY

Mervinskii R.I. Physical-chemical principles of formation
technology for micro- and macrorelief recording media based on
photopolymer oligoetheracrylate materials. — Manuscript.

Thesis on search of the scientific degree of doctor of technical
sciences, speciality 05.05.01 — machines and printing industry
processes.- Ukrainian Academy of Printing, Lviv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to influence of structure on physical,
physical-chemical and technological properties of photopolymer materials
(PPM) originating from oligoetheracrylate and oligocarbanatmetacrylates,
that are used in the technologies of production of the macro-
(photopolymer printing forms) and microrelief (optical discs) materials
for recording and copying of information. The persistence of the
low-symmetry supermolecular formations, which are caused by the chemical
nature of the materials, determines nonlinear optical properties of the
PPM, influences on the kinetics of the UV-solidification,
physical-mechanical and proceeding properties of the memory recording
devices. Theoretical investigations of the component of the composition
have shown that the main part of the structural forming part of the
devices during the photochemical recording of information play chemical
fragments containing ?-conjugated electron (phthalate and maleinat
groups of the oligomers) depending on the component of compositions,
regimes of the photochemical formation and influence of external fields
of the different natures. The revealed dependencies of the energy states
of the oligomer-polymer matrices during insertion of the photo-
(pigments for printing paints) and electroactive (ferroelctrics)
materials are demonstrated. For more adequate description of the
properties of the photopolymer ink new parameters using the
Kramers-Kronieg relation are proposed. It has proved the necessity of
additional treatment in the high-frequency electromagnetic field, which
allows to accelerate the process of thermotreatment 2-3 orders, to
improve exploitation properties and resources of the reliability. The
performed investigations allow to predict properties of the PPM from
different components and can be used as a theoretical level for choosing
of the PPM depending on the technology using different exploitation
conditions.

Key words: photopolymerization, photochemical processing,
oligoether-acrylates, composition, photopolymer printing chip, optical
disc, photosensibility, absorption, microinhomogenuity, pot life,
aging.

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