I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

?AAII-O?AIE?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO IAOOE ? AACO

OAeE
622.276:621.039:678

AEOEUeOEI IEAENAIAe? IEAEN?EIAE*

O?CE*I? OA OAOIIEIA?*I? INIIAE I?AeAEUAIIss

AEAeIAOOEO IAOOE C AEEI?ENOAIIssI ?II?COTH*EO II?II?IAIUe ?
AIAeIIAA?ssEATH*EO IIE?IA??A

A OIIAAO IAIAeII??AeIINO? IEANO?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.15.06

?ic?iaea iaooiaeo oa aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

?aaii O?aie?anuee, 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco.

IAOEIAEE EIINOEUeOAIO — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

CA?OA?I TH??E IEAENAIAe?IAE*

AAO “Oe?iaooa”, i. Ee?a

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE: 1. aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AeI?IOAIEI AIEIAeEIE? IEOAEEIAE*

AAO “Oe?iaooa”, i. Ee?a

2. aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

CACAEAEI ?AAI AAA?EEIAE*

CAO “Ieano”, i. Iieoaaa

3. aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IEOAETHE AEUeO?AAe AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

?inoeooo aaio?ceee ?i. N.?.Noaaio?ia IAI
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

I?IA?AeIA I?AAI?CAOe?ss — AAO Oe?a?inueeee iaooiaaciaee ?inoeooo

(Oe? IA?, i. Ee?a) I?i?noa?noai
aia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 26 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 10.00

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 20.052.02 o
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco
ca aae?anith : Oe?a?ia, 284019, i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Ea?iaonueea,
15.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A.i. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
A.?.Iaa?ioeueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie.

A i?aeoeoe? ?ic?iaee iaooiaeo ?iaeiaeu cai?iiiiiaaia ? aeei?enoiao?oueny
cia/ia e?euee?noue iaoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ca?eueoaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy.
Iaeiae aeiaaio?eaaea i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu a?eueo aino?i
noaaeoue i?iaeaio i?aeo?eiaiiy aeaeiaooeo iaooe ia iaiao?aeiiio ??ai?,
oiio iiaeaeueoee iiooe iiaeo iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy
caaaeaee caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi. E??i oiai, na?aae
aaaaoi/enaeueieo iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy iaei? aeiaaathoue
cia/ieo aia?aaoe/ieo cao?ao, ?io? aeei?enoaiiy aei?iaeo o?i?/ieo
?aaaaio?a. A ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiei noa? iiooe iiaeo iaoiae?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaooiaeeo/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo ieano?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaeiaia?ai?iieo oaoiieia?e, a oaeiae iiaeo
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueieo oa a?eueo aeaoaaeo o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a.

Aei /enea iaeiaia?ai?iieo oaoiieia?e iaeaaeaoue oaoiieia??, ye?
aacothoueny ia aeei?enoaii? ae?? ?aae?iaeoeaieo iie?a ia i?iaeoeoeai?
ieanoe.

C i?aeoeee aeei?enoaiiy ?ii?coth/eo ii?ii?iaiue ye a o?i?? acaaae?, oae
o o?ce/i?e ? ?aae?aoe?ei?e cie?aia a?aeiii, ui i?ae aieeaii oaeiai oeio
aia?a?? a ??ciiai ?iaeo iaoa??aeao iiaeeeaa i?ioiaeaeaiiy nooo?aeo
ia?aoai?aiue ?c ci?iith ?o o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae (oi?ie,
oaa?aeino?, ?ic/eiiino?, iaoai?/ii? no?eeino?). A ca’yceo c oeei,
aeooaeueiei noa? caaaeaiiy iiooeo na?aae a?aeiieo o iaooiaacii?iieneia?e
i?aeoeoe? o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a oaeeo, ye? a i?ae ae??th ?ii?coth/iai
ii?ii?iaiiy ci?ithaaee nai? o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino?. Oea ni?eyei a
oiiaai a?eueo oe?ieiai ?o aeei?enoaiiy i?e aeaioiaeaii? oaoiieia?/ieo
??aeei ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Ia iaio aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith ? iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy caaiaeiaiiy
a oiiaao oa?iiaiaeii??aeieo ieano?a i?e ciaioaii? oeneo ieae/a oeneo
iane/aiiy. Aaaaoueia aeine?aeieeaie aeiaaaeaii, ui aeiaaio?eaaea
?ic?iaea iai?e?oiaeo iieeaae?a iaooe I?eea?iaooy i?e caaiaeiaii?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iecueeei iaooiaeeo/aiiyi a?ae 11 aei 15 % i?e
iaaiaeiaiino? i?iaeoeoe?? 80-95 %. ?c caaaeueii oai?aoe/ieo i??eoaaiue
iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ia?aaaaeaiiy iieeaaeo a ci?oaiee
?aaeei ?ic?iaee (aiaeiiai??iee ? ?ic/eiaiiai aaco) aoaea ni?eyoe
ca?eueoaiith iaooiaeeo/aiiy. Oea ?ethno?o?oueny a?aeiiith caeaaei?noth:

h = Eaeo*Eio + (1- Eio )*h??a,

aea ia?oee neeaaeiee aecia/a? iaooiaeeo/aiiy i?e caaiaeiaii?; ae?oaee —
i?e ?aaeei? ?ic/eiaiiai aaco; Eaeo — eiao?oe??io aeoeniaiiy iaooe
aiaeith; Eio — eiao?oe??io ioiieaiiy ieanoa caaiaeiaiiyi; h??a
-eiao?oe??io iaooiaeeo/aiiy ca ?aooiie ?aaeeio ?ic/eiaiiai aaco.

A aia?eeainuee?e i?aeoeoe? aeaiee i?ioean io?eiaa iacao /anoeiaiai
i?aeo?eiaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo aai /anoeiaiai caaiaeiaiiy.

Oai?aoe/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi uiaei ?aaeei?a /anoeiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy
ieanoiaiai oeneo i?enayoeee nai? iiooee a/ai? I.O.Aaania, A.A.Aiena?iai,
I.I.Aeaaianeee, A.A.*aeaethe ? aaaaoi ?ioeo. ??oaiiy, ye? ieie io?eiai?,
a?eueoith aai iaioith i??ith a?aoiaothoue aeanoeaino? ieanoiai? iaooe,
aaco ? oaciaeo i?iieeiinoae. ?acii c oei, cai?iiiiiaai? aaoi?aie
aeniiaee ia a?aoiaothoue ioiieaiiy ieano?a caaiaeiaiiyi, ui ?iaeoue ?o
iai?eaeaoieie aeey aeeiiaiiy ii??aiyeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?aaeei?a c
??oaiiyi caaea/? aei?noeiai aiaeiiai??iiai ?aaeeio, a ye?e eiao?oe??io
ioiieaiiy a?aoiao?oueny.

Ana oea aenoaa? ye iaiao?aeio ? aeooaeueio caaea/o iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy
?aaeei?a ?ic?iaee a oiiaao /anoeiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo, a
oaeiae ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo ?ic?iaee ? oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii
caaiaeiaiiy ieano?a i?e ci?oaiiio ?aaeei? ?ic?iaee.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ii?coth/eo
aei?ii?ithaaiue a i?ioeanao i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy c i?iaeoeoeaieo
ieano?a, iiooe ? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a aeey canoinoaaiiy
a i?ioeanao iaooiaaciaeaeiaooeo, ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e io?eiaiiy o?i?/ieo
?aaaaio?a ca aeiiiiiaith ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue, ?ic?iaea
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo iiaeo o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a
? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a iaooii?iieneia?e
i?aeoeoe?. Ie??i oiai, i?iiiio?oueny oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeeio
/anoeiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo, aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a aeaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue:

— oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue a i?ioeanao i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy a oiiaao caea/ee aiaee;

— iiooe aoaeoeaieo o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a aeey io?eiaiiy
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ??aeei oeyoii ?aae?aoe?eiiai
ii?ii?iaiiy;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae iiaeo o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a ?
oaoiieia?/ieo ??aeei ia ?o iniia?;

— ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo o?i?/ieo
?aaaaio?a ? ??aeei ia ?o iniia?;

— ocaaaeueiaiiy oyaeaiue i?i oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy i?e /anoeiaiio i?aeo?eiaii? ieanoiaiai oeneo;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a ?ic?iaee
i?e /anoeiaiio i?aeo?eiaii? ieanoiaiai oeneo;

— ii?aoethaaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ia
iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeuao Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

?aae?caoe?y iaoe oa ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiue
cae?eniaii ia iniia? aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy oai??? ? i?aeoeee
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?e i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy, oai?aoe/ieo,
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o?ceei-o?i?/ieo yaeu,
ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoue i?ioeane ae?? ia ieano ? i?eaea?eio ciio
naa?aeeiaeie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe??:

— aia?oa oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy a oiiaao caea/ee aiaee;

— aia?oa iaa?oioiaaii ? aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy ia
o?eueo?aoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ii?iaiai na?aaeiaeua i?e i?inoaaii? /a?ac
iueiai aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a i?aai?/ieo c’?aeiaiue;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii niiniae io?eiaiiy i?eioeeiiai iiaeo
aiaeiiaa?yeath/eo iie?ia??a oeio IIE?EA? c aeei?enoaiiyi o?i?/ieo oa
o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a;

— aia?oa oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii caeeaaeaii iniiae
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy aiaeiiaa?yeath/eo iie?ia??a a
iaooiaacii?iieneia?e i?aeoeoe?;

— aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii ioe?ioe? iaooiaeeo/aiiy i?e aeoeniaii?
iaooe ?c o??ueiii-ii?iaiai ieanoa iaeyi?aeith aiaeii? aeenia?n??
aiaeiiaa?yeath/iai iie?ia?a;

— cai?iiiiiaaii oai?aoe/ia ??oaiiy aeey ?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a ?ic?iaee
o??ueiii-ii?iaiai ieanoa i?e aeoeniaii? iaooe aiaeieie iie?ia?ieie
aeenia?n?yie;

— noi?ioeueiaai? iciaee oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy i?e /anoeiaiio i?aeo?eiaii? ieanoiaiai oeneo aeey
iaiaeii??aeieo ieano?a;

— aeeiiaii ??oaiiy ii aecia/aiith iaeneiaeueiiai aeaa?oa naa?aeeiaeie
aeey oiia ciaioaiiy aea?eiiai oeneo ieae/a oeneo iane/aiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe:

— oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai?uai? o ?iaio?,
noai?ththoue i?aea?oioy aeey ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?e i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy ieano?a ? ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? naa?aeeiaei c
aeei?enoaiiyi ii?ii?iaiiy ? ii?ii?iaieo iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a;

— ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia??, ui ni?yiiaai? ia ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano
caaiaeiaiiy a oiiaao iaiaeii??aeiino? ieano?a, ca?eueoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? ciaioaiiy iaaiaeiaiino? i?iaeoeoe?? naa?aeeiaei,
caaacia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiy aacia/iiai i?aecaiiiai ? eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo
naa?aeeiaei ?c canoinoaaiiyi ??aeei, oei/aniai aeieoth/eo i?iaeoeoeaiee
?ic??c iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo naa?aeeiaei, i?eai?/aiiy ae?yeueiino? aaeoa??e
i?e aeei?enoaii? aiae c iiaa?oiaaeo aeaea?ae o nenoaiao caaiaeiaiiy,
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? caaiaeiaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi IA?, ca?eueoaiiy
i?eeiaeueiino? aiaeiiaai?oaeueieo naa?aeeiaei, aoaeoeaii? ?ic?iaee
o??ueiieo ? o??ueiii-ii?iaeo iaooiiane/aieo ieano?a, ?cieyoe??
aiaeii?eieeao a iaooia? oa aacia? naa?aeeiaeie, i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaooiaeo naa?aeeiaei c aeei?enoaiiyi iie?ia?eeneioieo
nenoai, ?cieyoe?? aiaeii?eoieo c anoaiiaeaiiyi aiaeiiai?iieeiiai
ia?ooiiiai ?cieyoe?eiiai ae?aio, a oaeiae oaoiieia?/i? ??aeeie aeey
a?ae?aae?/iiai ?ic?eao ieanoa, ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei ? oei/aniai?
?cieyoe?? ieanoa.

— ?ic?iaeaii, caoaa?aeaeaii AAO “Oe?iaooa” ? i?eeiyoi aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ea??aiee aeieoiaio;

— 6 ?c ?ic?iaeaieo oaoiieia?e aei?iaoaaii a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao ia
?iaeiaeuao Oe?a?ie oa ca ?? iaaeaie.

Aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny oei, ui i?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue
aaco?oueny ia eeane/ieo iieiaeaiiyo a?ae?iaeeiai?ee, o?i??, o?ce/ii?
o?i?? ? ?aae?aoe?eii? o?i??, iaoaiaoe/iiai oa eaai?aoi?iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo ?
no/anii? eiio?ieueii-?a?no?oth/i? aia?aoo?e, a oaeiae i?iieneiaei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?ic?iaie ?c cia/iei oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii. I?e
aeeiiaii? aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeanue no/ania iaoeiai-eaai?aoi?ia
aaca ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? o?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie — OEI-250000, AEO-6 oa ?io?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno

— oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy;

— niin?a i?aeaeuaiiy o?eueo?aoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ii?iaiai na?aaeiaeua
i?e ae?? ?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy;

— ?aae?aoe?ei? oa o?i?/i? niiniae io?eiaiiy aiaeiiaa?yeath/eo iie?ia??a
? aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? ??aeeie ia ?o iniia?;

— oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy c ieano?a oa
naa?aeeiaei, ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a ?ic?iaee, cae?eniaiiy
iaiaaeoaaeueieo ?ia?o aiaeii?eieeao, a oaeiae noai?aiiy aacia/ieo oiia
cae?eniaiiy eai?oaeueieo oa i?aecaiieo ?aiiio?a naa?aeeiaei;

— oai?aoe/i? ? i?iieneia? iciaee aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano /anoeiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo;

— oai?aoe/ia anoaiiaeaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai aeaa?oo i?e aenieoaoaoe??
naa?aeeiaei a oiiaao ciaioaiiy oeneo ieae/a oeneo iane/aiiy iaooe aacii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia ananithci?e ia?aae? “Nia?aiaiiua
iaoiaeu oaaee/aiey iaooaioaea/e ieanoia” (Aoaoeueia, 1989), ia
i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Ii i?iaeaiai ?ac?aaioee ianoi?iaeaeaiee n
o?oaeiiecaeaeaaiuie caianaie iaooe e aaca, ao?aiey e yenieoaoaoeee
neaaaeei” (ss?ai/a, 1993), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ?inoeoooo iaooe ? aaco
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oi?aa?neoaoo (?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1995), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo oi?aa?neoaoo (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oi?aa?neoaoo
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997), ia 2-e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?aae?iiy aia?aiaeei?enoaiiyi” (Euea?a, 1997), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
?ica?aeoaaeueiiai oa aenieoaoaoe?eiiai ao??iiy e cae?i/aiiy naa?aeeiaei
a Oe?a?i?” (Oa?e?a, 1998), ia 5-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaooa-Aac
Oe?a?ie-98” (Iieoaaa, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o 37 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeyo, o oiio /ene?: o 29 noaooyo ? oacao aeiiia?aeae, o 7 aaoi?nueeeo
na?aeioeoaao ? iaoaioao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
?ioi?iaoe?? ? aeiaeaoe?a.

Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaiee ia 281 noi??ieao ? i?noeoue 27 oaaeeoeue ia 28
noi??ieao, 62 ?enoiee ia 62 noi??ieao, ia?ae?e ?ioi?iaoe?? c 152
iaeiaioaaiue ia 18 noi??ieao, aeiaeaoee ia 22 noi??ieao.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o iiaeyeo ca oe?ii? ii?aaee ? aeiiiiiao aeaaeai?eo
Oe?a?inueei? iaooiaaciai? aeaaeai??, i?ioani?o, ae.o.i. TH.I.Ca?oa?io,
aeaaeai?eo Oe?a?inueei? iaooiaaciai? aeaaeai??, i?ioani?o, ae.o.i.,
Caneoaeaiiio ae?y/o iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie A.N.Aieeo; ca oaaao ?
i?aeo?eieo ?iaioe, noai?aiiy iaeaaeieo oiia aeey ?? aeeiiaiiy —
aeaaeai?eo Oe?a?inueei? iaooiaaciai? aeaaeai??, Caneoaeaiiio ae?y/o
iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?o, ae.o.i. ?.I.Eiiae?aoo, aeaaeai?eo
Oe?a?inueei? iaooiaaciai? aeaaeai??, Caneoaeaiiio ae?y/o iaoee ? oaoi?ee
Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?o, ae.o.i. ?.N.ss?ai?e/oeo, aeaaeai?eo Oe?a?inueei?
iaooiaaciai? aeaaeai??, Caneoaeaiiio ae?y/o iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,
i?ioani?o, ae.a-i.i. I.I.Aoioe?, a oaeiae ni?a?ia?oieeai eaoaae?e
?OAeOOIA, i?aoe?aieeai AAO “Oe?iaooa” A.A.Iao?eiyeo, I.I.Eeeaeo,
?.ss.Aie/oeo, ?.A.Ieeeioeth, ?.A.Ienueiae/o, A.N.Eiie/eo, E.I.Oienuee?e,
I.A.I?o?, A.A.Eanyi/oeo oa aaaaoueii ?ioei ca ei?eni? ii?aaee oa o/anoue
o aeeiiaii? i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?ic?iaie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeaii
?? caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeth?oueny noai aeei?enoaiiy
?aae?aoe?eieo aei?ii?ithaaiue a iaooia?e oa aacia?e i?iieneiaino?.

Iaeyaeii oai?aoe/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeeiioaaeenue a
?inoeooo? o?ce/ii? o?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie No?aeei A.A, Aiaeii ?.O.,
Oaaoeii Ae.?. oa ?ioeie aoei aeyaeaii, ui ii?ii?ithaaiiy nooo?ai aieeaa?
ia aeanoeaino? iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea, ia aaeni?aoe?ei? i?ioeane, ye?
i?io?eathoue ia iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea, a oaeiae ia o?ceei-o?i?/i?
aeanoeaino? ??aeei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aei?ii?ithaaiue ia aoaeaaiaei? aeeiioaaeenue a
?inoeooo? iaooi-o?i?/iiai neioaco AI N?N? ? eaai?aoi??? ?aae?aoe?eii?
o?i?? o?i?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo IAO. E?ioeaaith iaoith aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ia aoea iaooiaacii?iieneiaa i?aeoeea, iaeiae aiie i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui
?aae?ie?c aoaeaaiaei?a ia?aaaaeii i?ioiaeeoue c ?ic?eaii ca’yceo a
nenoai? N-I, i?ae N-N. I?e oeueiio ooai?th?oueny, a iniiaiiio,
iieaeoey?iee aiaeaiue oa a?aie/i? ? iaa?aie/i? i?iaeoeoe ca’yceo N-N.

I?aenoiiaoth/e aniaeoe a?aeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc? o?ce/ii? o?i??,
iaooio?i?? ? aaieia??, ye? ? oe?eaaeie c iiceoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue a i?ioeanao aeeo/aiiy iaooe, ne?ae cacia/eoe
iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aei iiooeo iiaeo iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy. Aei oaeeo oai?aoe/ieo iai?yie?a ne?ae a?aeianoe:

— ia?aoai?aiiy i?ae ae??th ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy no?oeoo?e
a??nueei? ii?iaee, ? a ia?oo /a?ao ?? iiaa?oi?, ui iiaea i?ecaanoe aei
ci?ie cii/oaaiino? ii?iaee;

— ia?aoai?aiiy aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea i?e iayaiino? ia i?e
??ciiai ?iaeo aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a i?ae ae??th ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy;

— i?io?eaiiy ?i?oe?eiaaieo aei?ii?ithaaiiyi ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/ieo
?aaeoe?e o aiae? ? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao c? ci?iith ?o o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae ? io?eiaiiyi noaa?eueieo e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a, caeaoieo
iie?aueoe a?aeiea iaooe a?ae ii?iaee.

Oai?aoe/i? iineeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaiiy ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue a
i?ioeanao aeeo/aiiy iaooe noaaeyoue caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?o ae?? ia
ii?iaeo, aoaeaaiaei?, ye? iane/othoue ii?enoee i?ino??, ia i?ioean
aeo?niaiiy aoaeaaiaei?a aiaeith ? ia oa?aeoa? ?ooo /a?ac ii?enoee
i?ino?? ieanoiaeo ??aeei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeenue a ?inoeooo? o?ce/ii? o?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie
ia ?aae?aoe?ei?e onoaiiaoe? OEI-250000, ui aeei?enoiao? a yeino?
aeaea?aea aei?ii?iaiiy 60Ni.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iaooo noaaeeinue
caaaeaiiy anoaiiaeoe caeaaeiino? i?ae aaciaeae?eaiiyie c iaooe, neeaaeii
aaciai? oace ? aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy a niaeo?? oaiia?aoo?. Aeey oeueiai
aeei?enoiaoaaeanue iaooa Aeoe?anueeiai iaooiaiai ?iaeiaeua c aonoeiith
824 ea/i3 ? a’yce?noth 35.2 iIa * n (i?e oaiia?aoo?? 20°N).

Aieea ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iaooo cae?enithaaee aei aaee/ei
iiaeeiooeo aeic a?aeiia?aeii 0.1; 0.25; 0.5; 1.0; 2.5; 5.0 I?aae i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 20°N ? aoiinoa?iiio oeneo.

A?oiooth/enue ia i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeao, anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae ae??th
?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy niaeo?o iiaeeiooeo aeic a?ae 0.1 aei 5.0
I?aae ia ne?ae i/?eoaaoe nooo?aeo ci?i o o?aeoe?eiiio neeaae? iaooe, a
oaeiae ci?i ?? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ? cia/ieo aaciaeae?eaiue.
Iaeiae, a?oiooth/enue ia caaaeueieo oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiiyo i?i i?ioeane
?aae?ie?co aoaeaaiaei?a ia iiaa?oi? nee?eaoieo iaoa??ae?a, iiaeia
ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui eiao?oe??io aeo?niaiiy iaooe aiaeith a oiiaao
?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy aoaea aeuei, i?ae i?e cae/aeiiio i?ioean?.

C oe??th iaoith aoea noai?aia niaoe?aeueia onoaiiaea aeey ioe?iee
nooiaiy c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa aeo?niaiiy iaooe aiaeith. Iiaeaethaaiiy
i?ioeano aeo?niaiiy cae?enithaaeinue c a?aooaaiiyi a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai
e?eoa??th iiae?aiino?.

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Aeo?niaiiy iaooe c iiaeaeueii? nenoaie ieanoa i?iaiaeeee ieanoiaith
aiaeith oiai ae ?iaeiaeua c aeei?enoaiiyi iai??ii? nenoaie. Ia?aiaae
oeneo a iai??i?e ?iiino? ? oi/oe? ceeao aeo?niaii? ??aeeie i?ney
iiaeaeueii? ieanoiai? nenoaie i?aeo?eioaaany ia iaeiiio ??ai?, ui
caaacia/oaaei oaeaee?noue o?eueo?aoe?? aeey oiia aeaii? iiaeae? a
na?aaeiueiio — 1.1*10-5 i/n.

Ia ?en. 1 iieacai? ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo aenia?eiaio?a ii aeo?niaiith
iaooe ieanoiaith aiaeith i?e oaiia?aoo?? 25°N. A aenia?eiaio?
aeei?enoiaoaaeanue iaooa a’yce?noth 28.9 iIa*n. sse aeaeii c ?en. 1,
iiyaa aiaee ia aeoiae? c iiaeae? coiiaeea ??ceee ??no iaaiaeiaiino?.
Oaeaee?noue o?eueo?aoe?? ii i??? c?inoaiiy aeie? aiaee a i?iaeoeoe??
ca?eueoo?oueny.

Aeinyaioaoe iaaiaeiaiino? a?eueoa 95%, ieanoiao nenoaio i?aeaeaee
ii?ii?iaiith aeicith 0.5 I?aae c iiooaei?noth 413 ?aae/n. I?ney ae??
cao?eniaaii c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa iaooiaeeo/aiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ia’?io i?iea/aii? /a?ac ii?enoa na?aaeiaeua aiaee.

Ca?eueoaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy neeaei 10.96, 12.2 ? 6.2 % a?aeiia?aeii a
ia?oiio, ae?oaiio ? o?aoueiio aenia?eiaioao. Ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? i?ney
aeo?niaiiy niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy iaaiaeiaiino?, aaciaeae?eaiiy, a
oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe?? aac ci?ie ia?aiaaeo oeneo,
aaee/eia yeiai aoea noaa?eueiith aei cae?i/aiiy aenia?eiaioo.

I?iaaaeai? eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeo?niaiith iaooe ieanoiaith
aiaeith c ianooiiei ii?ii?iaiiyi ieanoiai? nenoaie iaeiicia/ii iieacaee,
ui ?acii c ?inoii eiao?oe??ioa iaooiaeeo/aiiy i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy
a?aecia/athoueny iiyaa a iioioe? ??aeeie aaco oa ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino?
o?eueo?aoe??.

Aeae?eaiiy aaco i?e ii?ii?iaii? a?ae?a?a? cia/io ?ieue a ca?eueoaii?
iaooiaeeo/aiiy, ine?eueee aiii a?aeaoaa?oueny ia iiaa?oi? ?icae?eo oac
iaooa-ii?iaea, ui ni?ey? iineeaiith aeani?aoe?? ??aeeie c iiaa?oi?
ii?iaee ? ia?aiino ni?aaio?a a iai?yieo o?eueo?aoe?eiiai iioieo.

Ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe?? /a?ac ii?enoa na?aaeiaeua i?ney
ii?ii?iaiiy iiynith?oueny ci?iith aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi? ii?enoiai
i?inoi?o c ooai?aiiyi ia oaa?ae?e iiaa?oi? iiiioa?o i?eoeoeo iieaeoe
i?ii?aeiiai neeaaeo cai?noue aaaaoioa?iai? aaeni?aoe?? aoaeaaiaei?a.

Ae?oaith na???th aeine?aeaeaiue noaaeeinue caaaeaiiy aea/eoe i?e/eio
ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe?? a ieanoia?e nenoai? i?ney ??
ii?ii?iaiiy aac ci?ie ia?aiaaeo oeneo. Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue c
aeei?enoaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee i?e o?eueo?aoe?? /a?ac
iiaeaeueio ieanoiao nenoaio aeenoeeueiaaii? aiaee, ieanoiai?
i?ia?ae?ciaaii? aiaee Aeoe?anueeiai iaooiaiai ?iaeiaeua, a oaeiae
?ic/ei?a, ye? iathoue iiaa?oiaai — aeoeai? ?a/iaeie (IA?) — II — 10.
Aea?? oaeeo oei?a ?ic/ei?a coiiaeaiee ianooiieie iineeaiiyie.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano o?eueo?aoe?? aeenoeeueiaaii? aiaee /a?ac
iiaeaeueiee ii?enoee i?ino?? aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe oa?aeoa? ci?ie
iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai o?ea i?ae ae??th ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aac
iayaieo aoaeue-yeeo aaeni?aiaaieo ia eiai iiaa?oi? eiiiiiaio?a.

O?eueo?aoe??th i?ia?ae?ciaaii? aiaee a ii?enoiio i?inoi?? aei ? i?ney
ii?ii?iaiiy noaaeoueny caaaeaiiy anoaiiaeoe aieea i?ia?ae?caoe?? ia
o?eueo?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? ieanoa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie o?eueo?aoe?? aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IA? — II — 10 noaaeeinue
caaaeaiiy aeynieoe ?ieue aaeni?aiaaii? i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie a
ia?aoai?aii? iiaa?oi? aaeni?aaioa (i?uaieea) ? aieea oeeo yaeu ia
o?eueo?aoe?th ??aeei.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e o?eueo?aoe?? /a?ac
ii?enoa na?aaeiaeua aeenoeeueiaaii? ? i?ia?ae?ciaaii? aiaee aac
ii?ii?iaiiy ? i?ney iueiai a oaeaeeino? o?eueo?aoe?? niinoa??aathoueny
iacia/i? ci?ie.

Aiae?c ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? — II — 10 o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? i?e
o?eueo?aoe?? eiai /a?ac iiaeaeue ieanoiai? nenoaie iieacaa, ui i?ae
ae??th ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy niinoa??aa?oueny c?ea
aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? c iiaa?oi? ii?iaiai i?inoi?o ? ia?aianaiiy ?o a
iai?yi? iioieo. Oea ua ?ac i?aeoaa?aeeei iiaeeea?noue aeani?aoe??
aoaeaaiaeiaaeo i?aai?/ieo c’?aeiaiue c iiaa?oi? ii?enoiai i?inoi?o i?e
iayaiino? iie?a ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Inoaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeuao Oe?a?ie aeyaeee
?ii?coth/a ii?ii?iaiiy a ieanoiaeo aiaeao. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao
iiooaei?noue ?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy a ieanoiaeo aiaeao iiaea noaiiaeoe
500-6000 ie?/aiae, ui i?e aeiaaio?eaae?e aca?iiae?? c ii?iaei
na?aaeiaeuai i?eaaaea aei io?eiaiiy iiaa?oiath ii?iaee cia/ii?
iiaeeiooi? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy. C oi/ee ci?o oi?ioaaiiy iaooiaiai
?iaeiaeua iayai?noue a ieanoiaeo aiaeao ? ii?iae? ?aae?iaeoeaieo iie?a
aoaea ni?eyoe i?inoaaiith iaooe (aaco) a ii?iaiio ieano?.

C ?ioiai aieo, ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ii ?aae?aoe?ei?e
ia?iaoe? ?ic/eio IA? a oiiaao ciaoiaeaeaiiy eiai a ii?iaiio na?aaeiaeu?,
iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iayai?noue a ieanoiaeo aiaeao
i?e?iaeiuei? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? ? ni?eyoeeaei oaeoi?ii aeey aeei?enoaiiy
?ic/ei?a IA? c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy. Oea iiynith?oueny oei,
ui a oiiaao i?e?iaeiuei? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? aaeni?aoe?y IA? ia iiaa?oi?
ii?iaiai na?aaeiaeua nooo?ai cieaeo?oueny ? aeicaiey? a?eueo iiaii
ia?iaeoe ieano ?ic/eiii IA?. O cae/aeieo oiiaao iniiaiei
caia?a/oaaeueiei iiiaioii o aeei?enoaii? ?ic/ei?a IA? ? cia/ia
aaeni?aoe?y IA? ia iiaa?oi? ii?iaee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia o?i?/i? ?aaaaioe, ye? a?eueo oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaooiaacii?iieneia?e i?aeoeoe?.

Ni?yiiaai?noue oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia ? iiaith aeey ?aae?aoe?eii? o?i??
noiniaii, ianaiia?aae, aiaeiia?ic/eiieo iie?ia??a (iie?aoeeai,
neeiieanoeee, aiieneaei? niieoee). A?aeiieie aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae ae??th ?aae?aoe?? iie?ia?i?
iaoa??aee iiaeooue ?oeioaaoeny, aai, iaaiaee, ci?oeithaaoeny. Ie?ai?
iie?ia?i? iaoa??aee i?ae ae??th aei?ii?ithaaiiy ao?a/aee, iai?eeeaae,
caeaoi?noue iaeiie/oaaoe noaoe/io aeaeo?eeo.

A?aee?eo? ae?oeiaai? aeaea?aea na?ae/aoue i?i iaaeinoaoi?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue aiaei?ic/eiieo iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a.

O iaoaioi?e oa niaoe?aeuei?e oaoi?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iienaia ?aae?aoe?eia
oaoiieia?y io?eiaiiy iie?ae?eeai?aeo (IAA), i?e ye?e coeaaiiy iiiiia?ieo
aeeeeueieo a?oi a iie?ia? noeioeth?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi aei?ii?ithaaiiy.
Aeanoeaino? io?eiaiiai i?e oeueiio iie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeo i?/ei ia
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aeanoeainoae aiaei?ic/eiiiai IAA, aeiaooiai
??cieie niiniaaie. ?ioeo aeine?aeaeaiue i?i aieea ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia aiaei?ic/eii? iie?ia?e ia aeyaeaii.

Ii?ii?ithaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ??aeei i?iaiaeeee ia ?aae?aoe?ei?e
onoaiiaoe? OEI-250000. Iiooaei?noue ? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo
iaoa??ae?a aeae?aeenue a ae?aiacii? oaoi?/ieo iiaeeeainoae na??eieo
oaoi?/ieo cania?a, ye? iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? i?e i?aeoe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? ?aae?aoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

Iniaeeai aaaeeeaee ?acoeueoao i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao
aei?ii?iaiiy ia o?i?/i? ?aaaaioe, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaooiaaciaeaeiaoai?e i?aeoeoe?, aoa io?eiaiee i?e ia?iaoe? IAA a
aaeaiiae?aiiio aeaeyae?. Oae, aeaiee iie?ia?, ui aeionea?oueny ca?aeii
(OO 6 — 01 — 1049 — 82 — aaeaiiae?aiee, 7 — 8% iniiaii? ?a/iaeie), i?ney
ii?ii?iaiiy iaaoa aeaeyaeo iaoaeo/i? iane ?c aoiiiiae?aiith no?oeoo?ith
? eaaei iiae??aith?oueny (?ice?eoo?oueny). Ii?ii?iaiee iie?ia?iee
iaoa??ae ao?aoea aeanoea?noue ?ic/eiyoenue o aiae?, ui aeaei
iiaeeea?noue ooai?thaaoe ia eiai iniia? aiaei? aeenia?ni? ?ic/eie.
?ioith iniaeea?noth iiaiooai?aiiai iaoa??aeo ? eiai caeaoi?noue aei
iaa?yeaiiy. E??i oiai, o IAA, yeee caciaa aieeao ii?ii?iaiiy, a?aenooiy
eeie?noue (aaeaac?y). Oey aeanoea?noue ?iaeoue eiai a?eueo oaoiieia?/iei
i?e aeei?enoaii?. Iniaeeaino? iiaiooai?aiiai iaoa??aeo, yeee io?eiaa
iacao IIE?EA?, aeeeeeaee iaiao?aei?noue aeaoaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue eiai
aeanoeainoae.

A ia?oo /a?ao aoea aea/aia ci?ia a’yceino? ?ic/ei?a ??cii?
eiioeaio?aoe?? IAA aei ? i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy a niaeo?? iiaeeiooeo aeic.
Anoaiiaeaii ?nioaaiiy a ?ic/eiao o?ueio oei?a ci?i i?ae aieeaii
ii?ii?iaiiy. Oea aeano?oeoe?y, /anoeiaa coeaaiiy ? iiaia coeaaiiy.

Oae, aeano?oeoeai? yaeua a aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? iie?ia?o IAA
niinoa??aathoueny aei eiioeaio?aoe?? 0.45 % i?e an?o cia/aiiyo
iiaeeiooi? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy. *anoeiaa coeaea aeieea?, ii/eiath/e a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? 0.225 aei 0.475 % i?e iiaeeioo?e aeic? ia iaioa 0.25
I?aae. Iiaia coeaaiiy aiaeiiai ?ic/eio iie?ia?a IAA cae?enith?oueny i?e
aeic? ia iaioa 0.25 I?aae ? i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ia iaioa 0.4 %.

A?aieoe? iaeano? iiaiiai coeaaiiy aiaeiiai ?ic/eio iie?ia?a IAA
caeaaeaoue a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeo?aeiiai ?ic/eio. I?e aaeeeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?yo ?ic/eio iiaia coeaaiiy ianoa? i?e iaioeo aeicao
ii?ii?iaiiy, ?, iaaiaee, i?e iaio?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ic/eio iaiao?aeia
a?eueoa aeica ii?ii?iaiiy. I?ney aeinyaiaiiy iiaiiai coeaaiiy ?ic/ei IAA
iaaoaa? iaoaeo/i? oi?ie c i?eaeaaiiyi iiaeo o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae.

Ii?ii?iaiiy aaeaiiae?aiiai iie?ia?a IAA a oiaa?i?e oi?i? (7 — 8%)
i?ecaaei aei io?eiaiiy iiaii? ?aae?aoe?eii? coeaee i?e aeic? 0.25 I?aae
? a?eueoa. I?ney oeueiai i?e aca?iiae?? c aiaeith a?i iaa?yea? a i?e,
nooo?ai ca?eueooth/enue a ia’?i?. C aiaeith ooai?th? aenieia’yce?,
no?ee? aiaei? iie?ia?i? aeenia?n??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie iaa?yeaiiy iie?ia?o IIE?EA? o aiae? c ??ciith
i?ia?ae?caoe??th, i?e ??ciiio nooiai? ii?ii?iaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy oeae iieaciee iaaoaa? i?e aeic? 1.0 I?aae ? i?e
4-6 aiaeeiiiio eiioaeo? c aiaeith. Oea aeyaeeinue iioeiaeueiith aeicith
ii?ii?iaiiy, ine?eueee aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai iaa?yeaiiy aeicaiey?
io?eioaaoe a?eueo aenieia’yce? iie?ia?i? aeenia?n??.

Ia iaa?yeaiiy iie?ia?a anoaiiaeaii aieea i?ia?ae?caoe??, aaee/eie ?I
na?aaeiaeua ? oaiia?aoo?e. Oae, ca?eueoaiiy i?ia?ae?caoe?? aei ??aiy
130-150 a/e ciaioo? iaa?yeaiiy iie?ia?o a 5-7 ?ac?a a iaeo?aeueiiio
na?aaeiaeu?.

A eeneiio na?aaeiaeu? a i??ni?e aiae? c aaee/eiith ?I 3-5
aiaeiiaa?yeaiiy iie?ia?o ciaioo?oueny a 5-6 ?ac?a. A eoaeiiio
na?aaeiaeu? c ?I 8-9 aaee/eia iaa?yeaiiy ca?eueoo?oueny ia 25-30 %.

Ca?eueoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e c 20 aei 90 0N ciaioo? aaee/eio iaa?yeaiiy
ia 10 %. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie oa?i?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? iie?ia?o IIE?EA?
anoaiiaeaii, ui aeano?oeoeai? yaeua ii/eiathoue i?iyaeyoenue a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e 160 0N, a i?e oaiia?aoo?? 180 0N no?oeoo?a iie?ia?a
iiai?noth ?oeio?oueny.

?aieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aiaeieo aeenia?n?e iie?ia?a aecia/aii oei
??aeeie, ioe?iea ?? iniiaieo ?aieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ? ii??aiyiiy ?o c
aeanoeainoyie ?ic/ei?a oiaa?iiai IAA. Oe? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue
ia ?ioaoe?eiiio a?neiceiao?? “RHEOTEST — 2”.

Nie?ath/enue ia aeineiaeaeaiiy iaa?yeaiiy a ?icieo oiiaao (ciiia
oaiia?aoo?e, iiia?aeicaoei?, oeneo), anoaiiaeaii, ui aieiaiei oaeoi?ii,
ui inoioii aieeaa? ia ?aieiai/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo aiaeii? aeenia?ni?
iie?ia?o IIE?EA?, ? iiia?aeicaoeiy aiaee. Iiaeaethaaiiy iiia?aeicaoei?
aiaeii? iieiia?ii? aeenia?ni? i?iaiaeeee aaaaeaiiyi a ?ic/ei
aiaeiiaiaeii? eieueeinoi niei NaCl. Aaaaeaiiy niei i?iaiaeeeinue o
eieueeinoyo 1.5 a/e — iiae?oneiaa ?i/eiaa aiaea, 3.5 i 150 a/e —
aenieiiiia?aeiciaaia ieanoiaa aiaea.

Iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy ?aieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue aoea ioeiiea iaiaoiaeii?
eiioeaio?aoei? iieiia?o a oaoiieia?/ieo ??aeeiao i?e aeei?enoaiii aiaee
c ?iciith iiia?aeicaoei?th.

Oaaaa cina?aaeaeoaaeanue ia ?aieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiiyo aiaeii?
aeenia?ni? iie?ia?o IIE?EA? i?e aeei?enoaiii iiaeaei iiae?oneiai?
?i/eiai? aiaee, iiia?aeicaoeiy yei? neeaaea? 1.5 a/e. Aiaee oaeiai oeio
iae/ano?oa canoiniaothoueny aeey i?eaiooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ??aeei a
i?iieneiaeo oiiaao.

Aeineiaeaeaiiyie aiaeieo aeenia?nie i?e aeei?enoaiii aiaee c
iiia?aeicaoei?th 3.0, 5.0 i 150 a/e anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey i?ia?ae?caoe??
3 a/e aeniei a’yceinii oa?aeoa?enoeee aiaeii? iieiia?ii? aeenia?ni?
(250-300 Ia·n) i?e oeeo oiiaao i?iyaeythoueny i?e eiioeaio?aoei?
iie?ia?o 0.9-1.0 %. Aeey i?ia?ae?caoe?? 5.0 i 150 a/e aeioe?eueii
eiioeaio?aoe?th aeo?eioaaoe a?aeiia?aeii 1.0 % ? 2 %.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeieoth/i? caeaoiino? aiaeii? aeenia?n?? iie?ia?a
IIE?EA? ii?iaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ooo/ieo i
i?e?iaeieo ea?iao. I?e/iio, i?eaiooaaiiy iieiia?ii? aeenia?ni?
cae?enithaaeinue c i?eioniaei iiae?iaiaiiyi /a?ac nioee ?icii?ii 0.08
ii. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoea noai?aia aenia?eiaioaeueia
onoaiiaea, ia ye?e i?iaiaeeeenue aecia/aiiy oieueo?aoeieieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ea?iiaiai iaoa?iaeo ye aei, oae i iiney i?iieaaiiy
aiaeith.

I?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen aeineiaeaeaiue iieacaa ia?niaeoeaiinoue
canoinoaaiiy iieiia?iiai iaoa??aeo IIE?EA? a yeinoi iniiae aeey
i?eaiooaaiiy aeieoth/eo oaoiieia?/ieo ?iaeei aeey ii?iaeo eieaeoi??a.
Aeey oeueiai iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aiaeii aeenia?ni? iieiia?iiai
iaoa??aeo IIE?EA? c eiioeaio?aoei?th 0.6-0.8 % ii iniiaiie ?a/iaeii i?e
iiia?aeicaoei? aei 1.5 a/e, a i?e iiia?aeicaoei? 1.5-5 a/e — 0.8-1.4 %.

Iaeiae a i?iieneia?e i?aeoeoe? i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa?eaaiieo eieaeoi??a /anoi
cono??/athoueny i?iieo? ciie c aaeeeith i?iieei?noth, a oaeiae ie?ai?
aenieii?ia?aei? o??ueie a ciiao oaeoii?/ieo ii?ooaiue ? a ciiao
neeaaeieo aaieia?/ieo no?oeoo?. Aeuaaeacai? aeanoeaino? i?eoaiaii?
ea?aiiaoiei eieaeoi?ai. A ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiei noa? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieoth/i? caeaoiino? aiaeii? aeenia?n?? iie?ia?o a
oiiaao ie?aieo o??uei ? aenieii?iieeieo cii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieoth/i? caeaoiino? aiaeii? aeenia?n?? iie?ia?a IIE?EA?
i?iaiaeeee ia iiaeaeyo o??ueiiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui yaeyee niaith iaoaeaao
oeee?iae?e/io ?ii?noue aeiaaeeiith 100 ii c aioo??oi?i ae?aiao?ii 25 ii,
a yeo anoaaeythoueny 31 ia?oi?iaaia oaeaa. Ae?aiao? ia?oi?aoe??
noaiiaeoue 2.3*10-3 ? 3*10-3 i , a oiaueia oaeae 2.8*10-3 i. Ii?eno?noue
iiaeae? a aeaieo oiiaao noaiiaeea 18.6 ? 20 %. I?iieei?noue iiaeae? ii
iia?o?th noaiiaeea 100 iei2.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iiaia aeieoaaiiy nenoaie
aeinyaa?oueny i?e a?aae??io? oeneo a na?aaeiueiio 42.1 IIa/i (i?e
aeei?enoaii? oaea iiaeae? c ioai?aie 2.3 ii) ? 36.0 IIa/i (i?e
aeei?enoaii? oaea iiaeae? c ioai?aie 3.0 ii). O?eueo?aoe?y a aeaieo
iiaeaeyo cae?enith?oueny i?ney iiaeieaiiy a?aae??ioo oeneo a?aeiia?aeii
a na?aaeiueiio 39.72 ? 29.44 IIa/i. I?ae /an cai?ioii? i?iieaee iiaeae?
ieanoiai? nenoaie i?e ia?aiaaeao oeneo aeecueeeo aei ia?aiaae?a, ca yeeo
cae?enithaaeanue o?eueo?aoe?y iie?ia?ii? aeenia?n??, aiia i?aeoe/ii
iiai?noth aeieaa?oueny.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieoth/i? caeaoiino? aiaeii? iie?ia?ii? aeenia?n?? a
oiiaao iiaeaethaaiiy o??ueie aeicaieeee ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeaio ??aeeio
aeey aeieoaaiiy ie?aieo o??uei ? i?iieoeo cii i?e a?aae??io? oeneo aei
3.6 IIa/i.

Aeeiiai? oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy iaeyi?aie
aiaeii? aeenia?n?? iie?ia?a IIE?EA? aeey ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano
caaiaeiaiiy a oiiaao ii?iaeo ? o??ueiii — ii?iaeo eieaeoi??a ieanoa.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?aaoethaaiiy caaiaeiaiiy
o??ueiii-ii?iaeo eieaeoi??a ? cae?eniaiiy aeo?niaiiy iaooe aiaeith ?c
iiaeae? ieanoiai? nenoaie c ianooiiei aaaaeaiiyi iaeyi?aee aeenia?niiai
?ic/eio aoea noai?aia aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea.

Iniiaiei aeaiaioii aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee ? iiaeaeue
o??ueiii-ii?iaiai eieaeoi?a aeiaaeeiith 1900 ii ? ae?aiao?ii 90 ii.

Ca aoaeaaiaeiaao ??aeeio, ui iane/o? iiaeaeue ieanoa, i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeanue iaooa
Aeiaaooainueeiai ?iaeiaeua, ?icaaaeaia ia 20% aanii. Oaea ci?ooaaiiy
iaaeeaea? aeanoeaino? iaooe aei ?? ieanoiaeo aeanoeainoae.

Aeo?niaiiy iaooe i?iaiaeeoueny aenieii?ia?ae?ciaaiith aiaeith ?c ai?noii
nieae 130 — 150 a/e.

I?e aeinyaiaii? iaaiaeiaiino? ??aeeie, ui aeoenea?oueny c iiaeae?
ieanoa, aaee/eie a?eueoa 95% i?iaiaeeoueny aaaaeaiiy iaeyi?aee aiaeii?
aeenia?n?? iie?ia?a IIE?EA?. Ianooiia i?inoaaiiy iaeyi?aee ii iiaeae?
ieanoa i?iaiaeyoue i?ia?ae?ciaaiith aiaeith. Ia’?i iaeyi?aee
aeenia?niiai ?ic/eio ioe?ith?oueny aaee/eiith ia’?io o??ueiii?
ii?enoino? (ionoioiiai i?inoi?o) iiaeae?, yea ooi/ith?oueny a i?ioean?
aeo?niaiiy ca e?euee?noth aoaeaaiaeiaai? ??aeeie, io?eiaii? aei i?i?eao
aiaee. Ia’?i o??ueie aei??aithaaa 538 ni3.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeanue iiaeaeueia iaooa,
a’yce?noue yei? i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? aei??aithaaea 6.75 iIa*n.
Iaoith i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aecia/aiiy aieeao aaee/eie
caiiaiaiiy o??ueie iaeyi?aeith aeenia?niiai iie?ia?iiai ?ic/eio ia
aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano aeo?niaiiy iaooe. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ci?i? nooiaiy caiiaiaiiy o??ueie iie?ia?iith
iaeyi?aeith a?ae 0.1 aei 0.4 aaee/eia ca?eueoaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy
ci?ithaaeanue a iaaeao 1.7-4.1 %. Ii/eiath/e c? nooiaiy caiiaiaiiy 0.5,
niinoa??aaeinue no??iea ca?eueoaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy aei ??aiy 6.9 %.
Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io iaeyi?aee iie?ia?ii? aeenia?n?? i?ecaaei
aei iacia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy a iaaeao 7.5-9.0 %. Oiio
iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io iaeyi?aee ia i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai
i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy o??ueiiiai ieanoa. Aacoth/enue ia
?acoeueoaoao aeine?aeaeaiue, iaa?oioiaaii iaoai?ci i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi aenieia’ycei? iaeyi?aee aiaeii?
aeenia?n?? iie?ia?o.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? ae?iaeaiiy iie?ia?ieo
iaoa??ae?a oeio IIE?EA?.

I?ney aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo aeanoeainoae iie?ia?a, io?eiaiiai oeyoii
?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy, ? caaa?oaiiy ioe?iee oaoiieia?/ii?
iiaeeeaino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy a i?ioeanao iaooiaeaeiaooeo, aeieeei
i?e?iaeiuei ieoaiiy i?i ae?iaieoeoai aeaiiai iie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeo a
aaeeeeo ia’?iao.

Ia aac? eaai?aoi?ii? ?aae?aoe?eii? onoaiiaee OEI — 250000 ?ic?iaeaia
oaoiieia?y aeey iai?aoethaaiiy aeine?aeieo ia?o?e iie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeo.

I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano
ii?ii?iaiiy aoa ?ic?iaeaiee i?ioean aeaioiaeaiiy iie?ia?o a eanaoao
?ici??ii 130o500o400ii. Iaeii/anii ia?iaeythoueny 3 eanaoe. ?ic?iaeaia
oaoiieia?y aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe 500 — 600 ea iie?ia?o IIE?EA? ca 8
aiaeei ?iaioe. Iie?ia? IIE?EA? i?aeeyaa? iiae??aiaiith ia onoaiiaoe?
EAI-50-120, eio?a yaey? niaith na??eiee i?iieneiaee iiae??aithaa/, c
iiaeaeueoei ?icoanoaaiiyi a caaiaenueeo oa?o. I?ney oeueiai iie?ia?iee
iaoa??ae iiai?noth i?aeaioiaeaiee aeey a?aei?aaee niiaeeaa/o.

Ioe?ithth/e oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean io?eiaiiy ii?ii?iaiiai iie?ia?o IAA c
aeei?enoaiiyi onoaiiaee OEI-250000, ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui aiia i?aeoe/ii
ia ia? ?aca?ao aei ca?eueoaiiy ia’?i?a ae?iaieoeoaa. Oiio aeooaeueiei ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ioeo ?aae?aoe?eieo onoaiiaie,
iai?eeeaae, i?enei?thaa/?a aeaeo?ii?a oeio AEO-6, ye? a aeicaieeee
io?eioaaoe coeoee iie?ia?iee iaoa??ae c iaioeie aeo?aoaie ? i?e a?eueo?e
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y ?aae?aoe?eiiai iai?aoethaaiiy iie?ia?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?enei?thaa/a aeaeo?ii?a AEO-6 aeiaaaea noai?aiiy
aeiaeaoeiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey iaeeao ? ?iciiae?eo aaeaiiae?aiiai IAA
oa?ii oiaueiith 20 ii ia i?aeaeii?. I?e oiia? iniauaiiy ?aae?aoe?eii?
onoaiiaee AEO-6 iaiao?aeiei iaeaaeiaiiyi ?? i?iaeoeoeai?noue iiaea
noaiiaeoe 20 o iie?ia?o ca 8 aiaeei ?iaioe. Aa?o?noue ii?ii?iaiiai IAA
ioe?ith?oueny ia 60-80% a?eueoith a?ae caaiaenueei? aa?oino?
aaeaiiae?aiiai iie?ia?o, aea iaioa aa?oino? iie?ia?o, ia?iaeaiiai c
aeei?enoaiiyi onoaiiaee OEI — 250000.

I?e an?e i?eaaaeeaino? ?aea? ?aae?aoe?eiiai io?eiaiiy coeoiai
aiaeiiaa?yeath/iai iie?ia?o ia iniia? aaeaiiae?aiiai IAA, ana ae oaee
aeniea aa?o?noue aeaioiaeaiiy iie?ia?o, neeaaei?noue oaoiieia??, aeniea
aa?o?noue iaeaaeiaiiy, yea i?e oeueiio aeei?enoiao?oueny, niiioeaei
?icii/aoe iiooe aeueoa?iaoeaii? oaoiieia??, yea a aeicaieeea io?eioaaoe
iie?ia? c iiae?aieie aeanoeainoyie i?e nooo?aiio nei?i/aii? aeo?ao ia
eiai ae?iaieoeoai.

Iaeiei c oaeeo iai?yie?a iiooeo iiai? oaoiieia?? noaa o?i?/iee niin?a
io?eiaiiy coeoeo iie?ia??a. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei ciaeoe o?i?/i?
?aaaaioe, ye? a aeicaieeee io?eioaaoe aiaeiiaa?yeath/? iie?ia?e
aaciina?aaeiuei c oiaa?iiai aaeaiiae?aiiai iie?ia?o c caaeaieie
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie: nooiaith iaa?yeaiiy, nooiaith no?eeino?
aei i?ia?ae?ciaaieo ?ic/ei?a, nooiaith no?eeino? i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?.

A i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiooeo aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c
o?i?/ii? coeaee aaeaiiae?aiiai iie?ia?o IAA ??cieie o?i?/ieie ?a/iaeiaie
c ianooiiei aea/aiyi o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae io?eiaiiai iie?ia?a.

O?i?/i? coeaa/?, yeeie cae?enithaaeenue coeaee iie?ia??a, io?eiaee
iicia/aiiy OO-01, OO-02 ? o.ae.

O?i?/ia coeaaiiy aaeaiiae?aiiai iie?ia?o IAA cae?enith?oueny o?eueee a
??aeeiio noai?, i?e/iio coeaa/ ia?aae aca?iiae??th c iie?ia?ii
ia?aaiaeyoue c oaa?aeiai ii?ioeiiiae?aiiai noaio a noai iaeii??aeiiai
aiaeiiai ?ic/eio ia iaae? ?ic/eiiino? coeaa/a o aiae?.

Aca?iiae?y aiaeiiai ?ic/eio coeaa/a ? aaeaiiae?aiiai 7-8% iie?ia?a IAA
i?e ?ioaineaiiio ia?ai?ooaaii? aeicaiey? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 15-20 iN
i?ioyaii 5-7 oaeeei a ia’?i? 100-120 e?o??a ? i?ioyaii 15-20 oaeeei a
ia’?i? 1.5 -2.0 i3 cae?enieoe ia?aoai?aiiy c io?eiaiiyi
aiaeiiaa?yeath/iai iie?ia?o.

I?ney aca?iiae?? ?c coeaa/ai io?eio?oueny iie?ia? iaoiai-a?eiai
eieuei?o, yeee ia? a?eueo aenieo a’yce?noue, i?ae iiia?aaei?e
aaeaiiae?aiee IAA, ia ?ic/eiy?oueny o aiae?, a iaa?yea? a i?e, i?e
?ioaineaiiio ia?ai?ooaaii? ooai?th? aenieia’yce? aiaei? iie?ia?i?
aeenia?n??.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aiaeiiaa?yeaiiy
coeoeo iie?ia??a, io?eiaieo o?i?/iei oeyoii i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo
coeaa/?a, ? ?acoeueoaoe ?o ii??aiyiiy c ii?ii?iaieie iie?ia?aie.

I?iaaaeai? eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
o?i?/ii coeo? aiaeiiaa?yeath/? iie?ia?e OO-01 ? OO-02 aeecuee? ca
aeanoeainoyie aei iie?ia?a IIE?EA? ? oiio iiaeooue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoenue
aeey aeei?enoaiiy a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao iaooiaaciaeaeiaooeo.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy coeoeo iie?ia??a
aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy ieano?a.

A?aeii? iaoiaee ?ic?iaee o??ueiieo ieano?a i?e caaiaeiaii?, a yeeo c
iaoith ca?eueoaiiy ioiieaiiy ieano?a i?iaiaeyoue caaouaiiy ??aeeie, ui
iaai?oa?oueny. Oae? iaoiaee iae/ano?oa a?oioothoueny ia aeei?enoaii?
aiaei?ic/eiiiai IAA. Iaeiae ?ic/eie aiaei?ic/eiiiai IAA ia iathoue
aeinoaoiuei? a’yceino? aeey aeieoaaiiy o??ueie, a o ieanoiaeo oiiaao
i?ae ae??th oaiia?aoo?e aeano?oeoothoue.

Aacoth/enue ia aeine?aeaeaiiyo o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae coeoiai
iie?ia?a ? eiai no?eeino? aei aieeao aioo??oiueiieanoiaeo /eiiee?a,
iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui eiai aeei?enoaiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy o??ueiieo ? o??ueiii-ii?iaeo ieano?a aoaea a?eueo
aoaeoeaiei. Oaeee aeniiaie a?oioo?oueny ia caeaoiino? iie?ia?o IIE?EA?
ooai?thaaoe c aiaeith aeenia?n?? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? a’yceinoae.
A’yce?noue ?ic/eio ?aaoeth?oueny eiioeaio?aoe??th iie?ia?o ? i?aeai?ii
aiaee c iaaiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith.

I?inoaath/enue ii aenieii?ia?aei?e o??uei?, aiaeia aeenia?n?y ia
oo?eio?oueny ia ?? iiaa?oi?, ?, oei naiei, caa??aathoueny oiiae aeey
i?iieeiaiiy aiaee a iaio i?ia?aei? o??ueie i?e ianooiiiio eiai
i?iooiaooaaii? aaeea ieanoa. E??i oiai, i?e ?on? a’yceiai ?ic/eio o
aenieii?ia?aei?e o??uei? noai?ththoueny aeiaeaoeia? o?eueo?aoe?ei?
iii?e, eio?? ni?eythoue a?aeoieo ane?ae caea/oaaii? aiaee ca iaae?
aenieii?ia?aeii? o??ueie. Caaaeyee oeueiio ? aeinyaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy
iaooiaeeo/aiiy.

A ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy i?ioeano aeoeneoaaiiy iaooe aiaeiith iie?ia?iith
aeenia?n??th ia iiaeaeyo ieanoo, aeieea? i?e?iaei? ieoaiiy i?i
iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy oaoiieia??, yea a iaea canoinoaaiiy a
i?iieneiaeo oiiaao. Inoaii? aeeeeeaei iaiao?aei?noue a?aei?aoethaaiiy
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ?ic?iaee. Iaoiaeeea
i?iaiicoaaiiy iieaciee?a ?ic?iaee iieeaaeo i?e caea/oe? iaeyi?aee
aiaeieo aeenia?n?e iie?ia?a aaco?oueny ia iiaeae? aeeaaeaieo iaeiiai a
?ioa na?aaeiaeu (nenoaia ca’ycaieo o??uei ? ii?eno? iao?eoe? ieanoa).
Eiaeia nenoaia caaacia/o? a?ae?iaeeiai?/iee ca’ycie i?ae iaai?oaeueieie
? aeaeiaoaieie naa?aeeiaeiaie. Aaaaea?oueny, ui i?ia?aei?noue nenoaie
o??uei cia/ii ia?aaeuo? i?ia?aei?noue iao?eoe? eieaeoi?a, ? oiio
?iciiae?e oeneo o ieano? aecia/a?oueny oiiaaie ?ooo a o??ueiao. A naith
/a?ao ?iciiae?e oeneo aecia/a? oaeaee?noue o?eueo?aoe?? o ii?eno?e
iao?eoe? eieaeoi?a. Oaea iiaeaeue aeiionea? ?icae?eueia ??oaiiy
??aiyiue, ye? aecia/athoue oene ? iane/ai?noue, ? aeicaiey? io?eiaoe
??oaiiy, yea iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a
?ic?iaee.

Iio??aii caoaaaeeoe, ui oaeee i?aeo?ae aei ??oaiiy iiae?aieo caaea/
aeei?enoiaoaaany AEaeoiaei TH.I., AEaeoiaei TH.A., Ca?oa?iei TH.I.
Aieeii A.N. oa ?ioeie.

A oiiaao aeei?enoaiiy iaeyi?aee aiaeii? aeenia?n?? coeoiai iie?ia?o
IIE?EA? ?ic?aooiie cae?enith?oueny a ianooiiiio ii?yaeeo:

1. Caaeath/enue ?ici??ii iie?ia?ii? iaeyi?aee, aecia/athoue
aea?aaeaioio a’yce?noue ma.

, (1)

aea mi — a’yce?noue iie?ia?iiai ?ic/eio; ma — a’yce?noue aiaee; V0 —
ia’?i iaeyi?aee; mo-eiao?oe??io o??ueiiino?; B — oe?eia ieanoa; h —
oiaueia ieanoo; d — a?aenoaiue a?ae iaai?oaeueii? aei aeaeiaoaii?
naa?aeeiaei; rn — ?aae?on naa?aeeiaei.

2. Ii oi?ioe? (2)

aecia/athoue iane/ai?noue ia o?iio? aeo?niaiiy Zj,

aea SCB — iane/ai?noue ca’ycaiith aiaeith; SCI — caeeoeiaa
iaooiiane/ai?noue; m0 — a?aeiioaiiy a’yceino? iaooe ? aiaee.

3. Caaeathoueny iieiaeaiiyi o?iioo aeo?niaiiy ro.

4. I?e caaeaiiio ia’?i? caea/oaaiiy qc aecia/athoue oene ia aeai?
iaai?oaeueieo naa?aeeiaei.

, (3)

aea k — i?iieei?noue iao?eoe? eieaeoi?o; ko — o??ueiia i?iieei?noue;
z(Zj) — eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?eieo iii??a aeey iao?eoe? ieanoa, yeee
caeaaeeoue a?ae eiio?ao?aoe?? iioieo ? ci?ith?oueny a /an? c? ci?iith
iieiaeaiiy o?iioo aeo?niaiiy; aea z(Zj) — eiao?oe??io o?eueo?aoe?eieo
iii??a aeey o??ueiiiai ieanoa.

5. ?ic?aoiaothoue ieoo?aee aeaa?o iaooe.

, (4)

aea ?i — oene a iaai?oaeuei?e naa?aeeiaei?; ?ae — oene a aeiaoai?e
naa?aeeiaei?; mi — a’yce?noue iaooe;

6. ?ic?aoiaothoue ieoo?aee aeaa?o aiaee.

. (5)

7. ?ic?aoiaothoue iaaiaeiai?noue i?iaeoeoe??

. (6)

8. Aecia/athoue iiiaio /ano, yeee a?aeiia?aea? caaeaiiio iieiaeaiith
o?iioo aeo?niaiiy.

. (7)

9. Aeae? aecia/athoue iaeiie/aiee aeaeiaooie iaooe ? aiaee ca iaaiee
oa?i?i /ano.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea o?eueee /anoeiai a?aoiao? iaiiaiioo aeo?niaiiy
iaooe aiaeith i?e aeiiiiic? aaaaeaiiy eiao?oe??ioo ia ca?eueoaiiy
o?eueo?aoe?eieo iii??a ? ia a?aoiao? eiao?oe??ioo ioiieaiiy ieano?a ii
ieiu? ? oiauei?. Iaa?aooaaiiy oeueiai ia?aiao?o i?eaiaeeoue aei
io?eiaiiy a?eueoiai eiao?oe??ioo iaooiaeeo/aiiy ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
iie?auaieo oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ?ic?iaee. Iaeiae aeey
ii/aoeiai? noaae?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? oaoiieia?? iaia? iio?aae
oneeaaeithaaoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooie?a, oei a?eueoa, ui no/ani? iaoiaeeee
iia?aoeaiiai ei?aeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a?oioothoueny ia
aeei?enoaii? iaoa??ae?a iiia?aaeiuei? ?ic?iaee, ??aiyiue iaoa??aeueiiai
aaeaino, aeicaieythoue aac aaeeeeo neeaaeiiu?a aiineoe iaiao?aei?
aeiiiaiaiiy (eiao?oe??ioe) o cai?iaaaeaeai? ??oaiiy.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? aaaaoueio ?iaeiaeu, iniaeeai ia ii/aoeia?e noaae??, a
oaeiae a oiiaao o??ueiiiai ieanoa, iaa?oue i?e aeei?enoaii?
aenieia’yceeo ?ic/ei?a iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a ia aaea?oueny i?aeo?eiaoe
ieanoiaee oene ia ii/aoeiaiio ??ai?. A oaeiio aeiaaeeo ieanoiaee oene
cieaeo?oueny ? ia?aoiaeeoue a ?aaeei ?ic/eiaiiai aaco, ui oa?aeoa?ii
aeey ?iaeiaeu I?eea?iaooy, oiaoi iieeaae ii/eia? i?aoethaaoe a oiiaao
/anoeiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo. Iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy oaeiai
i?ioeano ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith a ca’yceo c iayai?noth oe?eiai ?yaeo
?iaeiaeu iaooe, ii/aoeiaee oene a yeeo aei??aith? oeneo iane/aiiy iaooe
aacii.

I?e?iaei?i ?ioa?anii i?e aoiaeaeaii? ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeua a iaeanoue oeneo
ieae/a oeneo iane/aiiy ? io?eiaiiy iaooiaeeo/aiiy ia ??ai?
aei?noei-aiaeiiai??iiai ?aaeeio aai iaa?oue aeaui a?eueoiai.
Iaa?oioiaai?noue oaeeo i/?eoaaiue aacoaaeanue ia ?acoeueoaoao
eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue TH.I.Ino?ianueeiai, ?.?.E?neaae/a,
?.I.Aiaothea, I.A.I?eiea?iea, a oaeiae niinoa?aaeaiue ca noaiii ?ic?iaee
?iaeiaeu i?e ?ie < ?i. Oae, N.Ae.Ie?niiii aeiaiaeeeinue, ui iaeneiaeueia iaooiaeeo/aiiy c ieano?a, ye? ?ic?iaeythoueny i?e aiaeiiai??iiio ?aaeei?, aeinyaa?oueny a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee a?aea?? c ieanoa ??aeeie ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ieanoiaee oene i?aeo?eiothoueny ia ??ai? caaacia/aiiy oaeiai aaciiane/aiiy ieanoa a iaooia?e cii?, yea noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae cai?uaiiy iaooe aeenia?aiaaiei a i?e ia?ooiiei aacii. Ii/eiath/e ?ic?iaeo iaooiaeo ?iaeiaeu i?e ?ie < ?i, iaiao?aeii aoei c’ynoaaoe ianooii? ieoaiiy: ia ne?eueee iaiao?aeii cieaeoaaoe ieanoiaee oene, yeei iiaeiai aooe oaii cieaeaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo, yeei /eiii cae?enithaaoe caea/eo aiaee, i?e yeiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? a?aeai?o ? caea/ee i?iaiaeeoe caaiaeiaiiy. Ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue io?eiaei aena?oeaiiy a ?iaioao I.O.Aaaaniaa, I.Ae. ?icaiaa?aa, ?.Ae. Aiae?ia, I.I. Aiena?iaia, TH.A.AEaeoiaa, TH.I. Ino?ianueeiai, A.A. Eey?ianueeiai, A.A. Eenaey, I.O. Ia?oeioeaaa, I. Ianeaoa, ?.A. Ienueiae/a, A.A. *aeaethea ? aaaaoi ?ioeo. Na?aae aeine?aeiee?a inoaii?o ?ie?a ne?ae aeae?eeoe ?iaioe A.Ae. Eenaiea, ?.O. I?uaiea ? A.I. Ieyeiaa, a yeeo ii?yae c aena?oeaiiyi aeina?aeo ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu i?e ieanoiaiio oeneo ieae/a oeneo iane/aiiy aeeeaaeai? ??oaiiy caaaeaiue ii anoaiiaeaiith a?aie/iiai ciaioaiiy oeneo ieae/a oeneo iane/aiiy. I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeeio /anoeiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy ieanoiaiai oeneo i?e?iaeii iinoaei ieoaiiy c’ynoaaiiy oaeiai ?aaeeio ia i?aeoeoe? ?ic?iaee I?eea?iaonueeeo ?iaeiaeu. Aiae?cii ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu Aeieeinueeiai ?aeiio aoei aeyaeaii, ui ii/aoeiaa oaca ia?aaaaeaiiy iieeaaeo iaooe c ?aaeeio ?ic/eiaiiai aaco ia aiaeiiai??iee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?e caaiaeiaii? an?ia ?enaie /anoeiaiai caaiaeiaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? oeueiai niia?eueithaaeinue iaae?iiy ieanoiaiai oeneo ? aeaa?oo naa?aeeiaei i?e caa?aaeaii? aenieiai aaciaiai oaeoi?o. E??i oiai, aiae?cii noaio ?ic?iaee iai?e?oiaiai iieeaaeo iaooe No?ooeinueeiai ?iaeiaeua a ie?ai? ia??iaee c 1973 ii 1979 ?.?., c 1980 ii 1986 ?.?. ? c 1987 ii 1994 ?.?. anoaiiaeaii oe?eani?yiiaaia aaaaeaiiy ?ic?iaeee a ?aaeei /anoeiaiai caaiaeiaiiy. Aeai? ??oaiiy Ianeaoa-?icaiaa?aa ni?eyee noai?aiith iaoiaeeee a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a ?ic?iaee i?e /anoeiaiio i?aeo?eiaii? ieanoiaiai oeneo oa?iiaiaeii??aeiiai ieanoa c a?aooaaiiyi oaciaeo i?iieeiinoae. E??i oiai, neeaaeaia i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ia AII. Iaaiaeeoueny i?eeeaae ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a ?ic?iaee aeey naa?aeeiaeie ? 11 No?ooeinueeiai ?iaeiaeua. A aeaiiio ?icae?e? iieacaii ??oaiiy caaea/? ii aecia/aiith iaeneiaeueiiai aeaa?oo naa?aeeiaeie a eiie?aoieo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oiiaao i?e cieaeaii? oeneo ieae/a oeneo iane/aiiy. A i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith coeoeo iie?ia??a a oaoiieia?yo iaooiaeaeiaooeo. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?iaiiy ia ieanoia? nenoaie, a oaeiae anaa?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a oeio IIE?EA? cai?iiiiiaai? oaoiieia??, i?aaenoaaeai? ia ?en 2.

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