19

E?EINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE

AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Naoiiiaa A??a ?aai?aia

OAeE: 338. 24:631. 162

O?IAINIAEE IAIAAeAEIAIO IA INIIA? IOe?IEE EAI?OAEO

N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO I?AeI?E?INOA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02

I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

N?ioa?iiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii o E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

*aio?ei A?eoi? Aaneeueiae/,

E?einueeee ?inoeooo a?ciano,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?ioi?iaoeee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iiaenieiiei Aieiaeeie? Aiae??eiae/,

N?ioa?iiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aeaaeaeia TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/,

E?einueeee ?inoeooo i?e?iaeiioi?iiiiai oa

eo?i?oiiai aoae?aieoeoaa,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao

I?ia?aeia onoaiia —

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a,

eaoaae?a iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “16” ea?oiy 1999?. i 1100 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 52.805.01 ca aae?anith: 333030, A? E?ei,
i. N?ioa?iiieue, n. Aa?a?ia, EAeAO.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E?einueeiai AeAO ca
aae?anith: 333030, A? E?ei, i. N?ioa?iiieue, n. Aa?a?ia, EAeAO.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “15” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

e.a.i., aeioeaio ?oaeaiei A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaiaaeaeiaio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
? noeoii?noth iaoiae?a, oi?i ? cania?a oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii,
?aae?caoe??th i?iaeoeoe??, ?ia?o, iineoa aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe e
io?eiaiiy i?eaooeo a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

?eieiaa ?aoi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee oi?eioeiny ianaiia?aae
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? noa?e, ui aecia/eei ni?yiiaai?noue aeiei??iieo
ia?aoai?aiue o noa?? oi?aae?iiy o?iainaie oa iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy
?oi?o caeiiii??iinoae a oiiaao aaeaioaoe?? aei iiaiai na?aaeiaeua
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Cia/iee aianie o ?icaeoie o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo c?iaeee oae?
a/ai?-aeiiii?noe: Aaeaaaiia ?.O., Aeaie ?.I., Aani?i A.?., Aa?/eeiaa
?.I, Aeooia A.A., Aoaeceinueeee I.Ae., Ian?e/oe I.O., Iaaeiaa E.I.,
Oa?aiao A.Ae. oa ?io?.

I?ioa ?iaioe c o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ia?aaaaeii aena?oeththoue
o?iainiaee ?eiie, i?iieneia?noue, eiia?oe?th. O?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao aea/aiee iaaeinoaoiuei. Aaaaoi
c iaoiaee/ieo i?eeii?a, i?eioeei?a ? noai o?iainiaiai iaaeaeiaioo,
ia?aianaieo ?c noa?e ?icaeiaii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, iio?aaothoue
iaoeiaiai ei?eaoaaiiy noiniaii iniaeeainoae o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? i?e ia?aoiae? aei
?eieo. Ao?eaooii ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? a?aeiineie eai?oaeo. Ia iiaea aooe
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aac ?eieo eai?oaeo. A aa?a?iiio naeoi?? oi?ioaaiiy
eai?oaeo ia?aaoaa? ia ii/aoeia?e noaae??. ?nio? aaaaoi noia?a/eeaeo
aeoiie ? iaae??oaieo i?iaeai. ?acii c oei iineeaiiy iiceoe?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia iei?oiueiio ?eieo a a?eueoino?
caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? oi?aae?iiy o?iainaie, o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.
Oea ? iineoaoaaei i?aenoaaith aeey aeai?o oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe
E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo c i?iaeaie: “Iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? iai?yiee aaeaioaoe?? o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aei
?eieiaeo oiia ia iniia? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? e ioe?iee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoei
iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ooi/ieoe nooi?noue o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ye iai?yieo a oai????
caaaeueiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa;

— aeaoe ii??aiyeueio aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo no/aniiio o?iainiaiio noaio
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa E?eio, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei
??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee ? iiaeae?, ye? aeathoue ciiao ia iniia? nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe e ioe?ieoe noeoiiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
eai?oae i?aei?e?inoa;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe no?oeoo?o, noai, ?oo ? ?oaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
noeoiiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae
?ic?iaeoe oa canoinoaaoe aaaaoioaeoi?i? iiaeae? aeey ea?oaaiiy iei;

— aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? oi?aae?iiy oi?ioaaiiyi ? aeei?enoaiiyi
iai?ioiiai eai?oaeo a ainiiaea?noaao ??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a;

— aecia/eoe i??i?eoaoi?noue iieaciee?a o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa
aeey no/aiiai o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo;

— aaeaiooaaoe iaoiaee ae?iaeaiiy o?iainiaeo ??oaiue aei iniaeeainoae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ?ic?iaeoe aaaaoioaeoi?i? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy noeoiiei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei eai?oaeii i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??:

— ooi/iaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ii? iiaeae? ii?ie i?eaooeo
ia iniia? aeiaeaoeiaiai oaeoi?a — iiaeaoeii?noeino?;

— ?ice?eoi ci?no oi?aae?iiy neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo;

— ooi/iaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo noeoiiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
eai?oaeo, cie?aia iaa?oioiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei a?ioiai? ioe?iee caie?
oa ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo;

— iiaeeo?eiaaii aaaaoioaeoi?io iiaeaeue ii?ie i?eaooeo oeyoii aeeth/aiiy
iieacieea noeoiiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo oa eiai
aeaiaio?a;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ae?iaeaiiy ? i?eeiyooy o?iainiaeo
??oaiue uiaei aecia/aiiy e?eoe/iiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa, e?eoe/iiai
ianyao ae?o/ee, ia?aeeiaeueiiai aeioiaeo, i?i?iaeueii? oe?ie ?aae?caoe??
c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa; i?e
oeueiio cai?iiiiiaaii iia? iaoiaeeee ia?aaaaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a oiiaio ca aeiiiiiaith
eiao?oe??ioa caieai?noeino? oa ?iciiae?eo aeo?ao ia oiiaii-iino?ei? ?
oiiaii-ci?ii?;

— iaa?oioiaaia i??i?eoaoi?noue iieaciee?a o?iainiaiai noaio
i?aei?e?inoaa ia iniia? iao?eoe? eiao?oe??io?a ia?ii? ei?aeyoe??, oeyoii
?o ?aiaeoaaiiy ca nooiaiai aca?iica’yceo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoii?
i?iiiceoe?e ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ainiiaea?noa ??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
eai?oaeo, o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ca aeiiiiiaith o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.
I?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ?icaeyiooi a I?i?noa?noa? AIE E?eio ?
?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: Aeaii ioe?ieo o?iainiaiai noaio
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a.
Aecia/ai? iniiai? iai?yiee aaeaioaoe?? o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aei
?eieiaeo oiia ia iniia? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? e ioe?iee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo ye noeoiiino? a?ioiai? ioe?iee
caie?, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai ? ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo. Iiaeeo?eiaaii
e?eoa??? ? ?ic?iaeaii iieacieee ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
eai?oaeo. ?ic?iaeai? oaeoi?i? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy i?eaooeia?noth
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo, aecia/ai? oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy o?iainaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe i?iaiaeeeany oeyoii aenooi?a ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo o N?ioa?iiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (1996 ?.),
E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? (1995-98 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 5 iaoeiaeo
?ia?o, cie?aia 3 — a aeo?iaeao, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE Oe?a?ie, ianyaii 1,1
ae?oeiaaiiai a?eooo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae,
aeiaeaoe?a ? ia? 150 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia
36 oaaeeoeyie, 15 ?enoieaie, 2 aeiaeaoeaie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 175 iaca.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao” ?ice?eaathoueny caeiiii??iino?
e iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aa?a?iiai naeoi?a o
ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, iieacaii i?noea ? ci?no
o?iainiaiai oi?aae?iiy o nenoai? caaaeueiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ?ice?eoi iaoiaee/i? iniiae
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? e ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo,
aeei?enoaiiy a oi?aae?ii? o?iainaie aaaaoioaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaeei ?c aieiaieo
oaeoi??a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. O?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio ci?ith? i??i?eoaoe ? oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa, i?eaiineoue a eiai aeiiii?eo iiao nenoaio
oe?iiinoae. ?c iei iia’ycai? iia? oi?ie ? iaoiaee o?iainiai? ?iaioe,
aieeao ia aoaeoeai?noue ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

A?aeoai?thaaeueia ooieoe?y o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo iieyaa? o
caaacia/aii? caaeainiaaiino? i?ae ?ooii iaoa??aeueieo, o?oaeiaeo ?
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ia an?o noaae?yo e?oaiia?ao eai?oaeo. E?oaiia?a
eai?oaeo iiaeia iiaeaoe o aeaeyae? ?enoiea 1. Iniiaith ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa ? caiaeuei? ?ano?ne — aieiaiee eai?oae ainiiaea?noaa,
noaoooiee oiiae — ye aeaea?aei iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai eai?oaeo oa
o?oaeia? ?ano?ne — ethaenueeee eai?oae.

O aeena?oaoe?? ooi/iaii iaoiaeeee a?ioiai? ioe?iee caie?, ?ic?aooieo
ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ioe?iee
iniiaieo ? ia?aiaeo eioo?a. A?ioiaa ioe?iea caie? cae?eniaia ca
iaoiaeeeith, caoaa?aeaeaiith iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie o
aa?aci? 1995?. ?213, c oaeeie ei?aeoeaaie. Ii-ia?oa, ae?iaie/? aeo?aoe
?ic?aoiaaii, aeoiaey/e c ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa, yeee
neeaany, a ia ca canoa??eeie oaoiieia?/ieie ea?oaie (1986-90 ??.).
Ii-ae?oaa, aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii ii?iaoea aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? caeaaeii a?ae
??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia. Ii-o?ao?, aa?o?ni? iieacieee
ae?aaeathoueny a oiiaieo iaeeieoeyo (aeiea?ao NOA) ? oiio ia caeaaeaoue
a?ae ?ioeyoe??. Oaeei /eiii, cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee caie? a
?aaeueieo oiiaao. Noiniaii ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo, oi a?i ye eaoaai??y
uieii o?eueee c’yaey?oueny. Eiai ioe?ieo cae?eniaii ca iaoiaeeeith, yea
i?noeoueny a e?oa?aoo??, aeoiaey/e ?c aeo?ao ia iieaoo i?aoe?, ioi?iio
caei?ia’y e ina?oo c ?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea i?ioyaii 20 ?ie?a
(ia??iae oi?ioaaiiy eaae?o?eiaaiiai i?aoe?aieea), eio?? aeeneiioothoueny
caeaaeii a?ae ii?ie na?aaeiueiaaie?anueeiai a?aenioeo. Iniiai? e ia?aia?
eiooe i?aei?e?inoaa ioe?iaii ca?aeii c caeeoeiaith aa?o?noth. Iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aa?oino? eai?oaeo — iaeei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
?ino?oiaio?a o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee. ?o aeei?enoaiiy iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ae??oeoe iiaa caaaeaiiy
o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo — ni?anoaaeoe o a?ioia?e oi?i? an? oaeoi?e
ae?iaieoeoaa: caieth, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne ? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i? caniae.
Aaaaoioaeoi?i?noue ae??ooaaieo caaaeaiue iaa?oue oaeo a?aeiio
eaoaai??th, ye nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe??, ia?aoai?th? a
oi?aae?iiy ?? neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie: aii?oecaoe??i?noe?noth (AI),
ca?ieaoii?noe?noth (CII), iaoa??aeii?noe?noth (II) oa iiaeaoeii?noe?noth
i?iaeoeoe?? (II). Oiio ii?ia i?eaooeo aei eai?oaeo (?) aeaeyaea? ye:

Neeaae eai?oaeoOa?aeoa?enoeeaAe?iaie/a noa?a?iaanoeoe?ei? aeeaaeaiiy?oo
aa?o?nieo /anoei1Iaci?iiee iniiaiee eai?oae – caieyNo?oeoo?a
caieaei?enooaai-

iy, ye?noue ? ciin

caie?Aeo?aoe ia ia?ia?oie caie? oa a?aeiiaeaiiy ?iaeth/ino?Ia
ca?eueoaiiy ieiaeth/ino?, a o. /. o?i?/i?, iae?i?aoeai?, iie?ioaiiy,
?aaoethaaiiy aiaeiiai ?aaeeio ? o.i.A

?IO2Iniiai? caniae (eai?oae)No?oeoo?a ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?oi iniiaieo
cania?aAeo?aoe ia a?aeiiaeaiiy, ?aiiio, iiiiaiaiiy ca ?aooiie
aii?oecaoe???iaanoeoe?? ia ii-aea?i?caoe?th oaoi?ee oa iaoa??aeueii?
aaceI

A?

3Ia?aia? eiooeNo?oeoo?a ae?iaie/eo caian?aAeei?enoaiiy caian?a ia
ae?iaieoeoai, io?eiaiiy caian?a a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa, ?eieoIiiiaiaiiy
ia?aiaeo

eioo?a

E

I

O4O?oaeia? ?ano?ne (ethaenueeee eai?oae)No?oeoo?a eaae??a, e?euee?noue
i?aoe?aiee?a, ?oiy ea?e?o?eaoe?yCa?ia?oia ieaoa ye eiooe ia a?aeiiaeaiiy
nee ? caei?ia’yNoai?aiiy nioe?aeueii- iiaooiaeo oiia, ?iaanoeoe?? a
ina?oo, i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??O

E

5I?aei?e?iieoeue-ea ae?yeuei?noueIniaeno?noue ea??aieea, no?oe- oo?a,
ye?noue, ??aaiue aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy oa niaoe?ae?no?aIaoa??aeueia
caioi/aiiy oaeaioo oa ?eceeo i?aei?e?iieoeoaa?iaanoeoe?? a io?eiaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iia? oaoiieia??, niiniae ?iaioe6O?iainiaee
eai?oaeA?ioia? eiooe ia ?aooieao aaieo, a ean?, e?aaeeoi? ?ano?ne,
oe?ii? iaia?e

Aeo?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy ian?iiy, aeia?ea, iaeeaii-ianoeeueieo
iaoa??ae?a, iieaoo i?aoe?Noai?aiiy iiaeo iniiaieo cania?aAa?o?noue
ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? Noa?a
ia?aoAa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??

Iaoo?aeueia i?iaeoeoe?y a ?aooiie iieaoe i?aoe?Iaoiaa?ia i?iaeoeoe?y,
ian?iiy, ei?ie, iieiaeiye ooaeiae, iinaaeeiaee

iaoa?eae I?eaooie a?ae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? oa iineoa?iciiae?e
I?eaooeoIiaeaoeeOiiae iaoa??aeue-iiai caioi/aiiyOiiae ?ic-aeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa oa nioe?aeuei? iio?aae

?en. 1 I?eioeeiiaa noaia e?oaiia?ao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo

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0000c0ffffffa6ffffff000d0000660300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065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 (1)

Aaaaeaii iia? iiiyooy: iiaeaoeii?noe?noue, ye
(II=picscalex100010009000003ac000000030015000000000005000000090200000000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), aea ?I — aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, i?noe?noue aa?o?nii?
ioe?iee caie?, ye
(ICI=picscalex100010009000003ac00000003001500000000000500000009020000000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), i?noe?noue ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo
(EEI=picscalex100010009000003ac00000003001500000000000500000009020000000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), ye? ? aeaiaioaie n?eueainieai?oaeo (NAEI).

Iiaeia aeae?eeoe i’yoe- ? a?nueie-oaeoi?i? iiaeae?. Aoaeue-yea ci?ia,
aeeeeeaia oi?aae?inueeei ??oaiiyi, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ii?ie i?eaooeo
ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee eai?oae. I?ei??ii o i’yoe-oaeoi?i?e
iiaeae?.

?1=picscalex100010009000003780100000300150000000000050000000902000000000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 aei oi?aae?inueeiai ??oaiiy

?2=picscalex100010009000003780100000300150000000000050000000902000000000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 i?ney ?aae?caoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai ??oaiiy

Oiio
?1-?2=?=picscalex1000100090000031e01000003001500000000000500000009020000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 (2)

Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe e?euee?noio ae?th eiaeiiai oaeoi?o ia
ci?iaiiy ii?ie i?eaooeo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c noaio e aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo ?ice?eaa?oueny noai, ?oo ?
aeei?enoaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo, aeaii ioe?ieo
o?iainiaiai noaio ainiiaea?noa ??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a ? i?aaaeaii
aiae?c no?oeoo?e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo.

E?aa?ae?caoe?y oe?i oa ?ioeyoe?y i?ecaaee aei iac?noaai?no? iieaciee?a
ye ?ooo, oae ? aeei?enoaiiy oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa. Aei?aaeoe
aeaoi?iaoe?th iieaciee?a iiaeia eeoa oiiaii, oeyoii ia?a?aooieo an?o
iioi/ieo oe?i a oiiai? iaeeieoe? (na?oia? oe?ie). Oiio a oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iiaeaii iieacieee ye 1990, oae ? 1997 ?ie?a /a?ac
eo?n aeiea?o NOA.

Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth aiae?co aeei?enoaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
eai?oaeo ? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?aeo?ae o ?ic??c? ae?iaie/eo oei?a
ainiiaea?noa. I?e?iaeii, ui aeey eiaeiiai ae?iaie/iai oeio iayaia nai?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oaeoi?aie ae?iaieoeoaa: caieath, i?aoeath oa
eai?oaeii. Oiio iaoith aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co aenooia? aea/aiiy
oaiaeaioe?e aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ia i?eeeaae? ainiiaea?noa
??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a.

Ii??aiyeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
n?euenueeiain-iiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo iiaeaii a oaaeeoe? 1. Ianaiia?aae
aa?oi a?aecia/eoe, ui iaea?eueoa /anoea aa?oino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo i?eiaaea? ia a?ioiao ioe?ieo caie?.
1990 ?ieo aiia neeaea a?ae 54,5% (EAII a/o “?coi?oaeiee”) aei 73,1% (AEA
“?in?y”). ?noioii ?ic??ciythoueny oaeiae /anoea aa?o?nii? ioe?iee
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ? /anoea iniiaieo ? ia?aiaeo eioo?a o ainiiaea?noaao
??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoi o?iainiaee noai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a. O an?o oeiao ainiiaea?noa
a?aeaoeiny iia??oaiiy iieaciee?a, aea oaiie ?o cieaeaiiy ??ci?.Ciaioaiiy
ae?o/ee ? a?eueoei a?ae ciaioaiiy ianyao aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Cieaeaiiy
aaeiaiai aeioiaeo — a?eueoa a?ae ciaioaiiy ae?o/ee, a o?iainiaee
?acoeueoao (i?eaooie) ciaioeany a?eueoei oaiiii, i?ae aaeiaee aeioiae.
Oaeei /eiii, o iia??oaii? o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa aieiaio ?ieue
a?ae?a?athoue oe?iia? oa o?iainia? oaeoi?e, ye? iio?aaothoue ia?aaeon?i
oaeineiiaeaiiy o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. ?c 19 ainiiaea?noa, ye?
aea/aeeny a Ieaeiueia??nueeiio ?aeii?, aecia/eeeny o?e a?oie ca oeiaie
o?iainiai? no?eeino?. Aei ia?oiai oeio c ii?iaeueiith no?ee?noth
a?aeianaii anueiai 4 ainiiaea?noaa. O ieo ?ici?? ei?ioeino?ieiaeo
ciaia’ycaiue ia ia?aaeuo? noia?ii? aa?oino? ae?iaie/eo caian?a ? aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??. Aei ae?oaiai oeio c iano?eeei (ia?aaee?eciaei) o?iainiaei
noaiii a?aeianaii 10 ainiiaea?noa. O ieo ?ici?? ei?ioeino?ieiaeo
ciaia’ycaiue oaeiae ia ia?aaeuo? noia?ii? aa?oino? ae?iaie/eo caian?a,
aea ia iacia/io noio. Aei o?aoueiai oeio c e?eciaei o?iainiaei noaiii
a?aeianaii 5 ainiiaea?noa, o yeeo ?ici?? ei?ioeino?ieiaeo ciaia’ycaiue
ia?aaeuo? aa?o?noue ae?iaie/eo caian?a, oiaoi aiie ia?aaoaathoue ia
iaae? aaie?oonoaa. Ia i?eeeaae? aa?oeeaeueiiai oa ai?eciioaeueiiai
aiae?co aaeaino ?aaeainio “Ia?aiiaa” iieacaii ?oo o?iainiaeo eioo?a,
aeaii ioe?ieo eiai iaeiiaiai noaiiaeua ? oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, a?aeia?aaeaii iayai?noue aeaniiai ? iice/eiaiai eai?oaeo,
iieacaii aeeiai?eo e?ea?aeiino? aaeaino oa o?iainiai? no?eeino?.

Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii aiae?co no?oeoo?e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
eai?oaeo a ainiiaea?noaao ??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a, cie?aia aeae?eaii
ci?io aa?o?nii? ioe?iee caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a, caaacia/ai?noue ?
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a ? i?ioean ?o a?aeoai?aiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy noeoiiei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei eai?oaeii” ?ice?eoi oi?aae?iiy oi?ioaaiiyi ?
aeei?enoaiiyi ia?aiaiai eai?oaeo a ainiiaea?noaao ??cieo ae?iaie/eo
oei?a, ?ic?iaeaii oaeoi?i? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy i?eaooeia?noth
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo ? iieacaii oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oa iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy o?iainaie.

Ca ia??iae, yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny, a?aeaoeeny na?eici? ci?ie a ?ici??? oa
no?oeoo?? aeei?enoiaoaaieo cania?a. Ianaiia?aae, cia/ii nei?ioeeeny
caiane cai/anoei, iaeeaii-ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a, ian?iiy, ei?i?a oiui.
I?e?iaeii, ui i?yeeo iicaii?iaoeaieo caian?a, aeanoeaeo ieaiia?e
nenoai?, o ainiiaea?noaao i?aeoe/ii ia eeoeeiny. Iana ia?aiaeo eioo?a,
ye? eeoeeeny, ciaoe?ieeany o oiae? e?aa?ae?caoe?? oe?i. Aeaa?oi?nueea
caai?aiaai?noue inoaii?ie ?ieaie iin?aea? o no?oeoo?? o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa o na?aaeiueiio aeecueei
85%. Oeae iieaciee na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui cia/ia iana o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
aeeo/aia c ia?ao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa ? ia?aaeaia
?ioei eiio?aaaioai. Oea ae?ae iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia o?iainiaee noai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Ca aaeeeiai ianyao
aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, o an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo oeiao
ainiiaea?noa a oiiaao ?ioeyoe?? ana ae iayai? cia/i? i?eoiaai? caeoee.

Iniiaiith i?e/eiith oaei? neooaoe?? ? e?eca iaieaoaae?a. Cia/iee aieea
ia ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie iaieaoaae?a ni?aaey? iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
oaeiai aaaeeeaiai aeaiaioo o?iainiaiai ?eieo, ye ?eiie ai?aiaeo
ciaia’ycaiue. Iieacieee aeei?enoaiiy eioo?a o ?ic?aooieao on?o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia?aeiieeai
na?ae/aoue i?i iaaaoeaio oaiaeaioe?th. Oae, eiao?oe??io iai?ioiino?
eioo?a o ?ic?aooieao cieceany a na?aaeiueiio c 20 aei 6 ?ac?a, a
na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue no?ieo ooai?aiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?
ca?eueoeeany c 11 aei 69 aei?a. A?aeiii, ui a n?euenueeiaiiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, ia a?aei?io a?ae i?iieneiaiai, iiiaioe aeeaaeaiiy eioo?a o
ae?iaieoeoai ? iiaa?iaiiy ?o o aeaeyae? a?ioiaeo noi i?e ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoeoe?? cia/ii ?iciaaeiaai? a /an?, ui iiynith?oueny niaoeeo?eith
i?aaeiao?a ? cania?a i?aoe? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, ?oi?ie
a?ieia?/ieie iniaeeaicoyie ? naciii?noth ae?iaieoeoaa. A?aeiia?aeii aei
?eoi?a i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa ci?ith?oueny ? aaee/eia iio?aae
i?aei?e?inoaa o o?iainiaeo ?ano?nao. O ??cieo aaeocyo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa oey iio?aaa a?ae/oaa?oueny
iaiaeiaeiai (?en.2). Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ioiaeo eioo?a oa ?o aeo?aoe cia/ii
a?ae??ciythoueny ? ia ni?aiaaeathoue i?ioyaii ?ieo. E??i oeueiai
iioeiaeueia iio?aaa a o?iainiaeo ?ano?nao aeey caaania/aiiy iio??aiiai
??aiy ae?iaieoeeaa cia/ii aeua oaeoe/ieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? aeo?ao. Iaeiae
? ?e i?eoaiaiia /?oei ae?aaeaia naciii?noue. Oea iaoiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue oi?aae?iiy a?ioiaeie iioieaie a /an? ? oi?ioaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo iaoai?ci?a eiioeaio?aoe?? o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a i?eia?
ia??iaee.

?en.2 Aeeiai?ea iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, aeo?aoe ? iio?aae a?ioiaeo

eioo?a o ENI “Oaea?iee”

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaia no?oeoo?a o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoa
??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a ? aecia/aia aoaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy. Aeey
ae?iaeaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue aeei?enoai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae
oaeoi?iiai aiae?co iieaciee?a ii?ie i?eaooeo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoa
aieeaa? ia ii?io i?eaooeo cieaeaiiy iaoa??aeii?noeino? — 2,88%. Ia
ae?oaiio i?noe? — cieaeaiiy aii?oecaoe??i?noeino? i?iaeoeoe?? — 2,72%,
aeae? —

i?enei?aiiy iai?ioiino? ia?aiaiai eai?oaeo — 1,53%, cieaeaiiy
ca?ieaoii?noeino? i?iaeoeoe?? — 1,07%, i?enei?aiiy ia?ao iniiaiiai
eai?oaeo — 0,2%.A ainiiaea?noaao aaea e?eueea ?ie?a ia neeaaeathoueny
aini?ic?aooieia? caaaeaiiy, ia aeei?enoiaothoueny e?i?oe ae?iaie/eo
aeo?ao, ui oyaia ca niaith aacainiiaea?ia noaaeaiiy aei aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo ? ia?aiaeo eioo?a. Oiio o?iainia? aaaeae? oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie
ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeii? aooe a?aeiiaeai?.

A?aecia/aeiny, ui iaoith o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ? aeinyaiaiiy
iaeneiaeueiiai i?e?inoo i?eaooeo, yeee iaea?aeo?oueny ia i?e??no (ci?io)
aeei?enoiaoaaiiai ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo aai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
eai?oaeo ca oiia ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Ia
i?eeeaae? ?aaeainio “Ia?aiiaa” iieacaii: iii?e oa, ui aa?o?noue
?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ca?eueoeeany aei 4,7 iei.a?i., oiaoi ia 18,5%,
oea c?inoaiiy noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny oaeaeeei ca?eueoaiiyi ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao
aei 3,8 iei.a?i., oiaoi ia 62,8%. I?e/iio aeoaea neeueii c?inee niiaeeo?
ia?aia? eiooe — a 2,5 ?ace, oi/a ca?ia?oia ieaoa ciaioeeany a 4,5 ?ace.
Aiane?aeie oeueiai /enoee i?eaooie o 1997 ?ioe? ciaioeany ia 171
oen.a?i. Ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui ciaioeeenue eiao?oe??ioe
aii?oecaoe??i?noeino? c 0,1811 aei 0,1496, ca?ieaoii?noe?no? c 0,065 aei
0,0131, oiiaeii?noe?no? c 4,1 aei 3,4 ? iiaeaoeii?noe?no? i?iaeoeoe?? —
c 0,132 aei 0,092, cia/ii a?eueoee ??no iaoa??aeii?noe?no c 0,357 aei
0,559..i?ecaaei aei cieaeaiiy ii?ie i?eaooeo c 2,39% aei 1,75%.

O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaaii ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy ? iae?aneai? oeyoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy o?iainaie ia iniia? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo. C?iaeaia ni?iaa i?iaaaeaiiy ye?nii-e?euee?niiai aiae?co, ia
iniia? yeiai iae?noioi?o? ca’ycee aeyaeythoueny o aeaeyae?
oi?iae?ciaaieo a?aeiioaiue. sse ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy acyo? 19
ainiiaea?noa Ieaeiueia??nueeiai ?aeiio ye oe?e?nia noeoii?noue aac
a?aeie?aieaiiy ?oiuei? a?aei?iiino? ca niaoe?ae?caoe??th ae?iaieoeoaa.
Aeoiaey/e c iao?eoe? eiao?oe??io?a ia?ii? ei?aeyoe?? aeeiiaii
?aiaeoaaiiy i’yoiaaeoeyoe iieaciee?a o?iainiaiai noaio ca nooiaiai
na?aaeiueiai aca?iica’yceo. Aeey oeueiai ?ic?aoiaai? na?aaei?
aaiiao?e/i? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? aeey eiaeiiai ?c iieaciee?a. Ia
iniia? oeueiai ?aiaeoaaiiy aoei c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i i??i?eoaoi?noue
iieaciee?a o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa ? aeei?enoaiiy ?oiueiai
eai?oaeo. Aeyaeeiny, ui ia ia?oiio i?noe? noi?oue iieaciee aeoiaeo
aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia noeoiiee eai?oae, oiaoi aecia/aeueiei o aeaieo
oiiaao ? ??aaiue ae?iaieoeoaa a ainiiaea?noaao. Ia ae?oaiio i?noe?
ia?aaoaa? eiao?oe??io iie?eooy caaaeueiee, yeee o aeaiee iiiaio iiaeia
aaaaeaoe iaea?eueo ocaaaeueithth/ei iieacieeii o?iainiaiai noaio
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa, ine?eueee a?i a?aeaeaa?
caaacia/ai?noue ainiiaea?noaa aeaea?aeaie eiai ieaoini?iiiaeiino?.
A?eueoa cia/aiiy iathoue ? oae? eiao?oe??ioe, ye ae?o/ea a?ae
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? ? i?eaooie a a?aeiioaii? aei eai?oaeo, iie?eooy
caian?a, aaniethoia e?ea?aei?noue.

Aeey aecia/aiiy e?eoe/iiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ? ae?o/ea, ?iciiae?eo
aeo?ao ia oiiaii-iino?ei? oa oiiaii-ci?ii? iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea
i?eaaaeaiiy ??cieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? aei ?aeeii? oiiaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iieacieea caieai?noeino? i?iaeoeoe??. I?ae
caieai?noe?noth i?iaeoeoe?? ?icoi??oueny iio?aaa o caiaeuei?e ieiu? aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa 1 oe i?iaeoeoe??. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui caiey — aieiaiee
can?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia caeaae?oue a?ae ?ioeyoe??, a oie /an ye
nia?aa?o?noue oa ?io? iieacieee caeaaeaoue a?ae ?ioeyoe?? ? ia
a?aeaeaathoue ?aaeueii? ea?oeie aeey i?eaaaeaiiy. Aanue ianya
iaea?aeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? a iaoo?aeueiiio aeaeyae? ia?aaiaeeoueny a oiiai?
ca?iia? iaeeieoe?.

O n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? aeioe?eueiee iiae?e aeo?ao ia
oiiaii-iino?ei? oa oiiaii-ci?ii?, ui iaoiiaeaii niaoeeo?eith
ae?iaieoeoaa, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae i?iieneiaiai ia o?eueee
aaaaoiaaeocaaei oa?aeoa?ii, a e oeeee?/i?noth i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa,
a?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie ? naciii?noth. A iniiao oeueiai ?iciiae?eo
iieeaaeai? oaoiieia?/i? ea?oe aeey ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??. On? aeo?aoe
ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? iiae?eythoueny ia oiiaii-iino?ei? (ia 1 aa;
ia 1 aie.), ye? iia’ycai? c oaoiieia??th ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??, oa
oiiaii-ci?ii? (ia 1 o.), ye? a?aeaeaathoue aeo?aoe ia io?eiaiiy ?
o?ainii?ooaaiiy i?iaeoeoe??. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai aoa ?ic?iaeaiee
aeai?eoi, ia iniia? yeiai cae?eniaii ?ic?aooiie e?eoe/iiai ianyao
ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aeeiaeueiiai aeioiaeo, i?i?iaeueii? oe?ie ?aae?caoe??.
Iaeii/anii aoea i?aeaioiaeaia aeaeo?iiia oaaeeoey ?ic?aooieo iaae?
aaccaeoeiaino?, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe ianya a?aie/iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aie/io noio ae?o/ee a?ae ?aae?caoe??, ieae/a yei?
ae?yeuei?noue ainiiaea?noa aoaea caeoeiaith.

AENIIAEE ? I?IIICEOe??

1. O?iaine n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa — iniiaa aeey
o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. Oea iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aeae?eaiiy a
caaaeueiiio iaiaaeaeiaio? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
i?aenenoaie — o?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio.

2. sse neeaaeiaa /anoeia nenoaie caaaeueiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio
iin?aea? a i?e oeaio?aeueia i?noea. A?i ioiieth? oi?aae?iiy noeoiiei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei eai?oaeii, a?ioiaei ia?aii, oiiaeaie a?ioiaeo
cania?a, o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoaa, o?iainoaaiiyi
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, o?iainiaei ieaioaaiiyi,
iiiaeaoeoaaiiyi. A?i i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaie/iai iaiaaeaeiaioo,
iaiaaeaeiaioo ia?niiaeo oa ?ioeo neeaaeiaeo /anoei caaaeueiiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo, a?ae /iai caeaaeaoue eiieo?aioi? iiceoe?? ia ?eieo,
noaa?eueiee aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie o no?aoaa?/i?e ia?niaeoea?.

3. O?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio ia iniia? ioe?iee eai?oaeo aea? ciiao
ii??aithaaoe o aa?o?ni?e oi?i? an? oaeoi?e ae?iaieoeoaa, a?aoiaoth/e
caieth, ? oi?aaeyoe ieie a ?ioa?anao i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?. Oey aaaaoioaeoi?ia iiaeaeue aea? iiaeeea?noue aeeaoa,
oi/i?oa aeyaeyoe aaaeae? oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth.

4 .Aeey aiae?co ?ooo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a o aeeiai?oe? aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe nenoaio a?aeiinieo iieaciee?a, ye? ia caeaaeaoue a?ae
ci?ie aa?o?nieo ia?aiao??a a Oe?a?i? — oiiaieo iaeeieoeyo (aeiea?ao
NOA).

5. Aa?oeeaeueiee ? ai?eciioaeueiee aiae?c aaeaino i?aei?e?inoaa aea?
ciiao aeoiaoe i?i iiaeeea?noue ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeeio naiio?iainoaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o?iainiaa no?ee?noue ainiiaea?noaa
aecia/a?oueny c??noii caaania/aiino? caian?a ? aeo?ao, aeaea?aeii
oi?ioaaiiy cania?a.

6. I?i oa?aeoa? iaeiiaiai noaiiaeua i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeia ?iaeoe aeniiaie
ca a?aenioeii aeoeaii? /anoeie cania?a. Aiae?c aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo
cania?a i?aeoaa?aeea, ui ca aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae ia a?aeaoaa?oueny
iiiaeaiiy cania?a, eiao?oe??io ?o aeaoaaiiy aeia?aaeaea? eiao?oe??io
iiiaeaiiy, iaaaoeaii a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

7. Eiaeiiio ae?iaie/iio oeio ainiiaea?noa aeanoea? niaoe?o?/i?
iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy anueiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo. ?i
a?aeiia?aea? iaaia no?oeoo?a /anoee a?ioiai? ioe?iee caie?, /anoie
iniiaieo ? ia?aiaeo cania?a, a oaeiae ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo.

8. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy noeoiiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
eai?oaeo i?aei?e?inoaa aecia/a?oueny nooiaiai aieeao ia i?eaooie —
caie?, ethaenueeiai ? iaoa??eueii-oaoi?/iiai eai?oae?a.

9. Cae?eniaiee aiae?c iaoai?cio aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
ainiiaea?noa ??cieo ae?iaie/eo oei?a aeyaea caeiiii??iino? aeo?a/aiiy ?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, ui iia’ycaia ?c niaoeeo?/ieie
iniaeeainoyie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Aeieea? ia’?eoeaia
iaiao?aei?noue iie?eooy ?ano?n?a, yeeo ia aenoa/a? iniaeeai c aa?aciy ii
o?aaaiue, iice/eiaeie eiooaie.

10. Aiae?c iniaeeainoae o?iainiaiai noaio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa Ieaeiueia??nueeiai ?aeiio aecia/ea o?e a?oie ainiiaea?noa
ca oeiaie o?iainiai? no?eeino?. Aei ia?oiai oeio, c ii?iaeueiith
no?ee?noth, iaeaaeaoue onueiai 4 ainiiaea?noaa. Aei ae?oaiai oeio, c
iano?eeei (ia?aaee?eciaei) o?iainiaei noaiii, iaeaaeaoue 10
ainiiaea?noa. Aei o?aoueiai oeio, c e?eciaei o?iainiaei noaiii,
iaeaaeaoue 5 ainiiaea?noa.

11. Aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy caaaeueiiai ? o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo iieacaa iaaeineiiae?noue iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe?? ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao (ia?aaaaea? onia oi?ia, ia
i?aai?ciaaii caa?aaeaiiy ? iaeiie/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? — aace aeaieo, oaeee
? o.?i.). Iio?e ?ioi?iaoe?? ia oeaio?ae?ciaaii a iaeiiio a?aeae?e? ia
iaeiiio aoai?, oiaoi iaia? eiie?aoiino? ?ioi?iaoe??, a a aeayeeo
aeiaaeeao niinoa??aa?oueny ?? a?aenooi?noue. Aiane?aeie oeueiai
ea??aieee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa i?eeiathoue
iaiioeiaeuei? ??oaiiy. A?aenooiy iioeaaoe?y o i?aoe?aiee?a
o?iainiai-ieaiiai? neoaeae o ieoaiiyo aaaeaiiy, a?aenoaaeaiiy ? ?ooo
o?iainiaeo aeieoiaio?a. Aiie caa??aathoueny a ??cieo i?noeyo, oa?i?ie
aeieoiaioiia?ao i?ae a?aeae?eaie iino?eii ii?ooothoueny. A?aenooiy
eii?aeeiaoe?y i?ae a?aeae?eii ieaioaaiiy ? aooaaeoa???th.

12. Ci?ia ii?ie i?eaooeo, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny /a?ac c?inoaiiy /e ciaioaiiy
eai?oaeii?noeino? aai ie?aieo aeaiaio?a nia?aa?oino? —
ca?ieaoii?noeino?, iaoa??aeii?noeino?, aii?oecaoe??i?noeino? ?
iiaeaoei-i?noeino? — aea? iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe, /a?ac ye? e?euee?ni?
ia?aiao?e oea a?aeaoeiny, a ioaea, ? oi?aaeyoe oeeie i?ioeanaie.

I?iiiceoe??

1. C iaoith iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e noeoiiiai eai?oaeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ieie
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaa?oioiaai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aa?oino? eiai neeaaeiaeo /anoei (caie?, iniiaieo
oiiae?a, ia?aiaeo eioo?a, o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a), iaoiaee/i? iniiae
aaaaoioaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae oi?aae?iiy eiai aoaeoeai?noth.

2. ?ic?aoiaoaaoe a?ioiao ioe?ieo caie? ye iniiaiiai caniao ae?iaieoeoaa
(eai?oaeo) ? aeeth/aoe ?? aei neeaaeo iniiaieo cania?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa, a?aeia?aaeath/e o aaeain?
i?aei?e?inoaa (Aeoeao ? Ianeao -?icae?e 1).

3. Ia iniia? aca?iica’yceo eiao?oe??io?a ia?ii? ei?aeyoe?? aeioe?eueii
aeeiioaaoe ?aiaeoaaiiy na?aaeiueiaaiiao?e/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe??,
yea aea? ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i i??i?eoaoi?noue iieaciee?a
o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa ? aeei?enoaiiy ?oiueiai eai?oaeo.

4. Canoiniaoaaoe iaa?oioiaaiee aeai?eoi ?iciiae?eo caaaeueii? noie
aeo?ao ia oiiaii-iino?ei? oa oiiaii-ci?ii?. Oea aea? ciiao aecia/eoe
e?eoe/iee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa, i?iaiicoaaoe eiai aoaeoeai?noue aeey
??cieo aeae?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

5. Aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ?ic?iaeoe ? cai?iaaaeeoe a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao A?I aooaaeoa??a, aa?iiii?a,
ciioaoi?e?a, eane?a, eii??ieea ? o.?i. Ia’?aeiaoe ie?ai? A?I a eieaeuei?
ia/enethaaeuei? ia?aae?. Noai?eoe iaiao?aeio aaco aeaieo, ui aeanoue
ciiao aieiaiei niaoe?ae?noai ? ea??aieeia? ainiiaea?noaa io?eioaaoe
iia?aoeaii iaiao?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th aeey ae?iaeaiiy ? i?eeiyooy
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, ye aeey caaaeueiiai, oae ? aeey o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Naoiiiaa A.E. I?aaeiinueee oeiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa a
caeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee//
Aii?inu noaaeeecaoeee e iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe AIE E?uia a
enneaaeiaaieyo iieiaeuo o/aiuo. Iao/iua o?oaeu, ENOE.- Neioa?iiieue
1997. N. 86-88.

2. Naoiiiaa A.E. Aeai?eoi oeiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai eaieoaea // Aeaeiaia iaic?aiea. -? 7.-1998.-n.
59-61.

3. Naoiiiaa A.E. Iiaeaeue oi?aaeaiey niaieoiiui eaieoaeii
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee.- 1998- ? 75(142).- n. 94-100.

4. Naoiiiaa A.E., Naiaioeiaa E.E. Oeiainiaia iieiaeaiea
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee E?uia a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee
// 2-ay Oe?aeineay iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey “ Nooaeaio e
i?aiiaeaaaoaeue” Iaoa?eaeu. — Neioa?iiieue: THaeiioe?aeineee einoeooo
yeiiiieee e i?aaa i?e NAO, 1996.- n. 107-110

5. Naiaioeiaa E.E., Naoiiiaa A. E. I?iecaiaenoai ca?iiauo eoeueoo? a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo E?uia e eo oeiainiaia iieiaeaiea a
oneiaeyo aa?a?iie ?aoi?iu // Iaoa?eaeu 2-ie Oe?aeineie
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee. – Neioa?iiieue: THaeiioe?aeineee
einoeooo yeiiiieee e i?aaa i?e NAO, 1996.-n. 95-97.

AIIIOAOeEss

Naoiiiaa A.E. Oeiainiaue iaiaaeaeiaio ia iniiaa ioeaiee eaieoaea
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02. — i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia. — E?uineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao,
Neioa?iiieue, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai caeiiiia?iinoae e iniaaiiinoae ?acaeoey
oeiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa a naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo a
oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea, niaea?aeaieth oeiainiaiai
oi?aaeaiey a nenoaia iauaai iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Caueuathony i?aaeeiaeaiey e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe
eniieueciaaiey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai eaieoaea e oeiainiauo ?ano?nia.
?ane?uou iaoiaee/aneea iniiau eaeaioeoeeaoeee e ioeaiee
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai eaieoaea e eniieueciaaiey a oeiainiaii oi?aaeaiee
iiiaioaeoi?iuo iiaeaeae

Onoaiiaeaia caaeneiinoue oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoee ?aciuo
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oeiia io eniieueciaaiey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
eaieoaea: caiaeueiiai, o?oaeiaiai, iniiaiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia e
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa. Aiaeec noieiinoe e no?oeoo?u niaieoiiiai
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai eaieoaea iiaeoaa?aeee, /oi eaaeaeiio
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiio oeio niioaaonoaoao naiy no?oeoo?a eniieueciaaiey
caiee, naienoaaiiay aio no?oeoo?a iniiaiuo e iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa,
i?enouay no?oeoo?a eaae?ia e eo eaaeeoeeaoeey..

A aeenna?oaoeee ooi/iaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
eaieoaea. Ioeaiaii oeiainiaia ninoiyiea naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee ?aciuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oeiia. N oeaeueth auyaeaiey
acaeiinayce iaaeaeo iieacaoaeyie, io?aaeathueie eaieoaeiiniauaiiinoue e
yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey eaieoaea, n eiyooeoeeaioaie oeiainiaiai
ninoiyiey ?an/eoaia iao?eoea eiyooeoeeaioia ia?iie ei??aeyoeee, ia
iniiaa eioi?ie auiieiaii ?aiaee?iaaiea yoeo iieacaoaeae aeey auyaeaiey
eo i?ei?eoaoiinoe ii cia/eiinoe a oeiainiaii ninoiyiee i?aaei?eyoey. Ia
ia?aii ianoa noieo iieacaoaeue auoiaea aaeiaie i?iaeoeoeee, oi
ii?aaeaeythuei a aeaiiuo oneiaeyo yaeyaony o?iaaiue i?iecaiaenoaa.
I?eia/aoaeueii, /oi ia aoi?ii ianoa iaoiaeeony eiyooeoeeaio iie?uoey
iauee, eioi?ue iiaeii n/eoaoue naiui iaiauathuei iieacaoaeai oeiainiaiai
ninoiyiey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey, iineieueeo ii io?aaeaao
iaania/aiiinoue i?aaei?eyoey enoi/ieeaie e aai ieaoaaeiua aiciiaeiinoe.
Ooi/iaiu oaeoi?iua iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey i?eaueueiinoueth
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai eaieoaea e iieacaiu iooe niaa?oainoaiaaiey
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey e iaoiaeia oeiainiaiai oi?aaeaiey.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu au?aaioee e i?eiyoey oeiainiauo
?aoaiee ii ii?aaeaeaieth e?eoe/aneiai iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa, e?eoe/aneiai
iauaia au?o/ee, ia?aeeiaeueiiai aeioiaea, ieieiaeueiie oeaiu ?aaeecaoeee
n o/aoii niaoeeoeee i?iecaiaenoaa. I?e yoii eniieueciaai iiaue iiaeoiae
ia?aaiaea ?aciiia?aciuo aeaeia naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee a
oneiaioth i?e iiiiue eiyooeoeeaioa caieaaieinoe e ?ani?aaeaeaiey cao?ao
ia oneiaii-iinoiyiiua e oneiaii-ia?aiaiiua. Iainiiaaiu aeai?eoi e
yeaeo?iiiay oaaeeoea aeey ?an/aoa oi/ee aacoauoi/iinoe aaaeaiey
oicyenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeiainiaue iaiaaeaeiaio, oeiainiaia ninoiyiea,
oeiainiaua ?ano?nu, naeueneioicyenoaaiiue eaieoae, ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue,
eeeaeaeiinoue, eioi?iaoeey, oneiaii-iinoiyiiua e oneiaii-ia?aiaiiua
?anoiaeu.

Aiioaoe?y

Naoiiiaa A.?. O?iaianiaee iaiaaeaeiaio ia iniia? ioe?iee
eai?oaeon?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia.- E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, N?ioa?iiieue,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia oaeineiiaeaiith o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a
n?eueneiainiiaea?ueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee ia iniia? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa ioe?iee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeai?: oaeoi?i? iiaeae? aiae?co aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo; aeai?eoi oa aeaeo?iiia
oaaeeoey aecia/aiiy iaae? aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa; iaoiaeeee:
ioe?iee n?euenueeiaiainiiaea?nueeiai eai?oaeo; ?aiaeoaaiiy eiao?oe??io?a
o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co nenoaie
iieaciee?a; ?ic?aooieo noeoiii? i?iaeoeoe?? n?euenueeiaiainiiaea?nueeiai
i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaii-iaoo?aeueiiio aei??thaaii? oa ?iciiae?eo aeo?ao
ia iino?ei? oa ci?ii?.

Aeeiiaia oei?caoe?y i?aei?e?inoa ca no/aniei o?iainiaei noaiii ?
noi?ioeueiaai? a?aeiia?aei? aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? iai?yiee o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio, o?iainiaee noai, o?iainia?
?ano?ne, n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee eai?oae, ieaoini?iiiaei?noue,
e?ea?aei?noue, ?ioi?iaoe?y, oiiaii-iino?ei? oa oiiaii-ci?ii? aeo?aoe.

Annotation

Safonova V.I. Financial management on the estimation principles of
agricultural enterprises capital. – Manuscript.

Thesis for Candidate of economy science degree on speciality 08.06.02. –
Business, Management. Marketihcg Crimean State Agricultural University,
Simferopol, 1999.

The purpose of the thesis is financial management development in
agriculture under the condition of changing to the market economy on the
principles of intensification and estimation of agricultural capital. In
the thesis there was worked out factorial analysis models of the
effective usage of agricultural capital, algorithm and electronic table
of obtaining the point of break-even production and methods of
agricultural capital estimation; ordering of financial condition
coefficient on the principles of correlative analysis of the data
system; estimation of the combined product at the agricultural
enterprise in the relative natural measure and expense devision into
constant and variable.There was introduced enterprise typification
according to nowadays financial condition and also were formulated
suitable different directions of financial management at the
agricultural enterprises.

Key words: financial management, financial condition, financial
resources, agricultural capital, solvency, liquidness, information,
relative constant and relative variable expense.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione Eiiiiia I.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 12.03 1999 ?. Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Ianya 1,0
ae?oe.a?e. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Aaceiooiaii. Ae?oea?nueeee a?aeae?e EAeAO.
i. N?ioa?iiieue, n. Aa?a?ia, EAeAO.

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