OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AAIE?ANUeEI? NI?AAE

OEIEUeIEE ?IIA IEAENAIAe??AIA

OAeE 338.434

o?iainiaa cAAACIA*AIIss

i?eaaoecaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia

I?AeI?E?INOAao aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.04.01 — O?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Noie — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?i?oaiia Aiaoie?e Ieaenaiae?iae/
Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aaie?anueei? ni?aae, ?aeoi?.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe
-aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iineaeaiei Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/,
aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai “Noinueea iaoeiiaoae?aia iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a
ia’?aeiaiiy ?i. I.A.O?oica”, ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo aeiiii?ee

-eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Ieeeiaiei
A’y/aneaa Aaeaioeiiae/, Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? oa i?eeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa -Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 10 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 9 00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.55.081.01 Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae ca aae?anith: 244030, i. Noie, aoe.
Niai?ia, 39, aoae. 204.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae, i.Noie, aoe. Niai?ia, 39.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «9» aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.A. Eiaaeaiei12

1

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?eaaoecaoe?y — oea ei??iia ieoaiiy ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee,
yea icia/a? ?oo aei oiai, uia aaaeo/? iiceoe?? a aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiineiao
caeiya i?eaaoiee naeoi?, a naia: ?iaeea?aeoaeueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai,
aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa, ainiiaea?/? oiaa?enoaa.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey i?ioeano ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? ia?
o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa,
ine?eueee aieiaieie caaaeaiiyie i?eaaoecaoe?? ia’?eo?a aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino? aenooia? oaeaeea i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa, a
oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aeao?oeeoo Aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo e?a?ie, ine?eueee 50% an?o iaaeoiaeaeaiue a?ae i?eaaoecaoe??
iai?aaey?oueny aei Aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, a 1998?. ia?aaeaa/aeiny
io?eiaoe a athaeaeao 1040 iei. a?i.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? ia ae??oaiith caeeoa?oueny i?iaeaia
i?eaaoecaoe?eiiai ?iaanooaaiiy, i?e/eia yei? ia iao iiaeyae iieyaa? a
oiio, ui i?aeoe/ii ia caeo/athoueny o?iainia? iina?aaeieee, ia
a?aoiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ia’?aeiaiiy a iaeia oe?ea i?ioean?a
i?eaaoecaoe?? oa ?iaanooaaiiy. A oiae? ieaoii? i?eaaoecaoe?? aeoaea
aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? iiaeeea?noue caeo/aiiy a i?ioean
aaie?anueeeo no?oeoo?.

Neeaaeiaith /anoeiith o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? ?
ioe?iea aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoaa. sse na?ae/eoue i?aeoe/iee
aeina?ae, ye o?eueee ii aeoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa, i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? i?ioeano
i?eaaoecaoe?? aai a iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae iio?aieythoue ia ?eiie,
?o oe?ia ii/eia? oi?ioaaoeny ca caeiiaie ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ? aeineoue
/anoi cia/iith i??ith a?aeoeey?oueny a?ae ioe?iee, yea io?eiaia ia
iniia? iaoiaeeee, aecia/aii? ae?th/ei caeiiiaeaanoaii. Ia aeaiiio aoai?
i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe??, iniaeeai, eiee aiia a?ae “na?oeo?eaoii?” oi?ie
ia?aoiaeeoue aei a?ioiai?, a?aee?eoei caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy ?aae?noe/ii?
ioe?iee iaeia i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i?eaaoeco?oueny. Ia iaoo aeoieo i?iaeaia
ioe?ithaaiiy iaeia iiaea cia/iith i??ith aieeiooe ia oaeaee?noue
i?ioiaeaeaiiy oeueiai neeaaeiiai i?ioeano. Oni?o aeeiiaiiy i?ia?aie
i?eaaoecaoe?? aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae i?aaeeueii? ioe?iee aa?oino?
aeoea?a, ine?eueee iaiaa?oioiaaia caaeuaiiy aa?oino? iaeia iiaea
i?eaanoe aei ao?aoe iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a, a ?acoeueoaoii caieaeaiiy
aeyaeoueny iaaeiio?eiaiiy ?aaeueieo eioo?a o athaeaeao.

Noa? i/aaeaeiei, ui aeei?enoaiiy eeoa iaei??? iiaeae? ioe?iee aa?oino?
iaeia i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno iaaeinoaoiuei,ine?eueee
aiia ia caaaeaee aea? iiaeeea?noue ?aaeueii c’ynoaaoe ?eieiao aa?o?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i?eaaoeco?oueny, ?, a a?eueo?e i??? i?aei?e?inoaa a
iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae. E??i oiai, ua iaeiei aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii
iaoai?cio o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? aenooia?
?ioeyoe?y, yea i?aeoe/ii ia a?aoiao?oueny a iiaeae?, anoaiiaeaii?e
/eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii. ?icaeoie aoi?eiiiai ?eieo oe?iieo iaia??a
i?eaaoeciaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ?iaeoue i?iaeaio ioe?iee oaeiae aeineoue
aeooaeueiith. Oiio, ia iao iiaeyae, i?aai?caoe?y aoaeoeaiiai o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?eieo i?ioean?a coiiaeth? iniaeeao
aeooaeuei?noue ? cia/ei?noue aeaii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/a?
no?oeoo?o ? ni?yiiaai?noue ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aoei aeei?enoaii
i?e aeeiiaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo oai: «Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?» (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? Ae??A
01008714?), «?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?icaeoeo cii i?aei?e?iieoeoaa
ia aac? ia?a?iaieo oa na?a?nieo i?aei?e?inoa» (iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 05933044705).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea iniiaieo iai?yie?a ?
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee
i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· aecia/eoe nooi?noue ? iniaeeaino? o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
i?eaaoecaoe?? oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee i?aei?e?inoa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

· aecia/eoe /eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia oaiie i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

· iaa?oiooaaoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino?
i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno oa oaeoi??a, ui ?o
coiiaeththoue;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe noai o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae ioe?ithaaiiy iaeia i?aei?e?inoa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a ia??iae i?eaaoecaoe??;

· ?ic?iaeoe iniiai? iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaeo
a?aeiinei i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno oa
iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo;

· ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio ioe?iee iaeia
i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao i?eaaoecaoe?? ? iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae ia
iniia? i?iaiicoaaiiy iaeaooi?o o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa;

· aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino? caeo/aiiy a i?ioean i?eaaoecaoe?? aaie?anueeeo
no?oeoo?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

· aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?? o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
i?eaaoecaoe?? oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee i?aei?e?inoa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

· iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeia aea?aeaaiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a oiiaao i?eaaoecaoe?? oa
iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ia iniia? i?iaiicoaaiiy iaeaooi?o
o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa;

· ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy ioe?iee aa?oino?
iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno, ui i?eaaoeco?oueny oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiiai
ioe?ithaaiiy ca e?eoa???i aeeneiioiaaiiai aeioiaeo;

· iaa?oioiaai? i?iiiceoe??, uiaei caeo/aiiy aaie?anueeeo no?oeoo? aei
i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

· ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno ? iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee a oiiaao ?ioeyoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? oa ?ic?iaoe? i?iiiceoe?e
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei i?eaaoecaoe?? oa
iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee i?aei?e?inoa AIE. Noi?ioeueiaai? a
?iaio? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei caeo/aiiy o?iainiaeo iina?aaeiee?a a
i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe?? oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue ia i?aeoeoe? ae??oeoe i?iaeaio ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ni?yiiaaiiino? i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe??.

A i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ?ic?iaeaia a ?iaio?
iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno ia iniia? iaeaooi?o
o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, a oaeiae
cai?iiiiiaai? i?aeoiaee uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/i? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee
aa?oino? iaeia aa?ii?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa c a?aooaaiiyi ?ioeyoe??.
?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?aaiaie
oi?aae?iiy i?noeaaiai ? aea?aeaaiiai ??aiy aeey noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe oaeiae iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, ye? caeiathoueny ioe?ithaaiiyi
iaeia i?aei?e?inoa, c iaoith aecia/aiiy ?aaeueii? ?eieiai? aa?oino?
ia’?eo?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai aoee io?eiai? ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· aeyaeaii, i?iaiae?ciaaii oa nenoaiaoeciaaii iniiai? aeiiii?/i? oa
nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e, ye? cae?eniththoue iaea?eueoee aieea ia oaiie
i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa AIE;

· aianaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/i? iiaeae? ioe?iee
aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa AIE, c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ?ioeyoe??;

· iaa?oioiaai? iiaeeea? iai?yiee caeo/aiiy aaie?anueeeo no?oeoo? o
i?ioean i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

· ?ic?iaeaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy aa?oino? iaeia
i?aei?e?inoaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno ia iniia? i?iaiicoaaiiy
iaeaooi?o o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao
i?eaaoecaoe?? oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? io?eiaee
iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a oiiaao o?aiceoe??” (21-22
o?aaiy 1998?., i. Oa?e?a), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie noaa?e?caoe?? ? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo” (21-22
ea?oiy 1998?., i.Oa?e?a), ia /aoaa?oiio eiia?an? i?aeia?iaeii?
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?/ii? anioe?aoe?? “Aoaeoeai?noue ?aoi?ioaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee” (26-28 o?aaiy 1998 ?., i. Ee?a) ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny aaoi?ii ia ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aaie?anueei? ni?aae a 1997-1998??.

Ioae?eaoe??

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a naie iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo
caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,4 ae.a., c yeeo iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 2,2
ae.a.

No?oeoo?a ? ci?no ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 127 iaeiaioaaiue, 3 aeiaeaoe?a.
Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia 154 noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo, 14
oaaeeoeyo, 3 iaethieao.

O “Anooi?” iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aia eiai
iaoa ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, ioa?aeoa?eciaaia iaoeiaa
iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaiiy “Oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei o
i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa a Oe?a?i?” aecia/aia nooi?noue,
cia/aiiy i?ioeano ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? ye iniiae
i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, nenoaiaoeciaai? iniiai?
i?eioeeie oa /eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia oaiie i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano a
Oe?a?i?, aeine?aeaeaii iaoai?ci o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe??,
i?iaiae?ciaaii aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? i?eaaoecaoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa ?o
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy a ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “I?aai?caoe?y o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno” i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
noaio i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa ?? oa ??? aeieo aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno, nenoaiii aeine?aeaeaii iaoai?ci o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy
i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? aaciina?aaeiuei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, a oaeiae iniaeeaino? o?iainiaiai iaoai?cio
i?eaaoecaoe?? ia?a?iaieo oa aa?ina?a?nieo i?aei?e?inoa. Aecia/ai?
iniaeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeia yea i?eaaoeco?oueny a
AIE.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iniiai? iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy o?iainiaeo
a?aeiinei i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa oa
iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo” cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa ca
aeiiiiiaith o?iainiaeo iina?aaeiee?a. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeae? ioe?iee iaeia aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, yea iniiao?oueny ia i?iaiicoaaii? iaeaooi?o o?iainiaeo
?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa.

O “Aeniiaeao” ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ui aoee io?eiai? i?ae /an
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? i?iiiceoe?? aaoi?a uiaei
i?iaeai o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eii?
i?aeo?eiee i?aei?e?inoa.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O ?iaio? i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c noaio ? ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioean i?eaaoecaoe?? a
Oe?a?i? ia’?eoeaii aieeaa? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei an?o
??ai?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy. sse aieiaiee ?ino?oiaio ei??iii? ?aoi?ie
a?aeiinei aeaniino?, i?eaaoecaoe?y noai?th? nioe?aeueiee aacen iiai?
aeiiii?/ii? iiaeae?, iniiaaiee ia i?eaaoi?e aeaniino? oa
i?aei?e?iieoeoa?. ?acii c oei, ci?ie i?iii?oe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai eai?oaeo
a?aeiinii iio?aa ?eieo oaeiae ?aae?cothoueny /a?ac i?eaaoecaoe?th, oiaoi
ia?aoai?ththoue ?? ia aaaeeeao /anoeio ? oi?io ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano.
Neeaaei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano coiiaeth?oueny oei, ui
?icii/aany a?i a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, ye?e aoei i?eoaiaiia ??cea
nei?i/aiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, aenieee ??aaiue ?ioeyoe??, aac?ia?ooy.
Aeae?eythoue aeaa iniiai? aoaie i?eaaoecaoe??: ia?oee — aoai ianiai?
i?eaaoecaoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eaaoecaoe?eieo iaeiiaeo na?oeo?eao?a,
yeee iaaeaaaa iiaeeea?noue eiaeiiio a?iiaaeyieio Oe?a?ie noaoe
ni?aaeanieeii i?eaaoeciaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa; ae?oaee — aoai ieaoii?
i?eaaoecaoe??, oeyoii i?iaeaaeo i?aei?e?inoa aai iaeao?a ?o oe?iieo
iaia??a. Ii i??? i?ioiaeaeaiiy oeeo aoai?a ci?ithaaeeny caaaeaiiy,
aeacai? a Aea?aeaai?e i?ia?ai? i?eaaoecaoe??, yea iiiaethaaeany eiaeiiai
?ieo. Ia no/aniiio aoai? aieiaieie caaaeaiiyie ?: ii-ia?oa, noai?eoe
ii?iaeuei? oiiae aeey caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e i?aei?e?inoa, ui
i?eaaoecothoueny aai iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo, ii-ae?oaa,
caaacia/eoe iia?e?caoe?th eioo?a a Aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao Oe?a?ie — ia
1998 ?. aoei caieaiiaaii iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a ?ici??? 1040 iei. a?i. A
ca’yceo c oaeeie caaaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui eiooe, io?eiai? a?ae
i?iaeaaeo aea?aeaaiiai iaeia ?iciiae?eythoueny a oaeiio ii?yaeeo: ia
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c i?eaaoecaoe??th — 16,52%, aei
Aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie — 50%, ia e?aaeeooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai
ia?aica?i?iiy i?aei?e?inoa, ?icaeoie i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa noai?aiiy iiaeo
?iai/eo i?noeue, ia i?eaeaaiiy aeoe?e ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa —
33,48%. I?iaiae?coaaaoe iaaaaeai? aeai?, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
Aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia i?eaaoecaoe?? a 1998 ?. ia? yne?aai ae?aaeaiee
o?neaeueiee oa?aeoa?.

Ia oaiie i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? aieeaathoue
?yae ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a, ye aeiiii?/iiai oae ? nioe?aeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o. Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey i?ioeano ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei
aeaniino? ia? o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa. A?aee?eoei ia aeaiiio aoai? caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy
?aae?noe/ii? ioe?iee iaeia. Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei ieoaiiy o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? ? ioe?ithaaiiy iaeia iinoa? a oiiaao ?icaeoeo
aoi?eiiiai ?eieo oe?iieo iaia??a,oiio ui ye o?eueee-ii aeoe??
i?eaaoeciaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa iio?aieythoue ia ?eiie, ?o oe?ia iae?aco
ii/eia? oi?ioaaoeny ca caeiiaie ?eieo, i?e oeueiio aiia iiaea cia/iith
i??ith a?aeoeeyoeny a?ae ii/aoeiai? oe?ie, ye a iaeei, oae ? a ?ioee
a?e.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a?o/eciyiee aeina?ae i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano
i?eaaoecaoe?? aeineoue iacia/iee oa noia?a/eeaee, ? c oi/ee ci?o
caeiiiaeaanoaa ia aeineoue /?oei ?aaoeth?oueny, oiio aaoi?ii aoei
aeine?aeaeaii ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? i?eaaoecaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a oa ?o o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy a ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao. Ia
no/aniiio aoai? i?ioean i?eaaoecaoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?yae? e?a?i
na?oo, ye? iiaeia ca?oioaaoe oaeei /eiii: e?a?ie Eaoeinueei? Aia?eee,
No?aeii? ?a?iie oa I?eaaeoeee, e?a?ie NIAe. Ia??iaee/ii i?ioean
i?eaaoecaoe? a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?iaeono??aeueii ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao, aea
a?i i?iaiaeeoueny c iaoith onoiaiiy ca ?aooiie eioo?a io?eiaieo a?ae
i?iaeaaeo i?aei?e?inoa aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa. Ia i?eaaoeciaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao a e?a?iao No?aeii? ?a?iie, i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? cia/ii
aeua, ai?ae ia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoaao.

Aaoi?ii c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui i?eaaoecaoe?ei? i?ioeane iathoue aeineoue
oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a e?a?iao na?oo A ??cieo e?a?iao
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aea?aeaaii?, i?eaaoii?, eieaeoeaii? oi?i aeaniino?
iaiaeiaeiaa. ? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oaeiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaea
caeaaeaoe a?ae oe?eiai ?yaeo oaeoi??a, a naia: a?ae oa?aeoa?o aeaaee;
a?ae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae; a?ae i?aeo?eiee
?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy; a?ae noai?aiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace, yea
ia?aaeaa/aoeia ??aiii?aai?noue on?o oi?i aeaniino?; a?ae oiai, ye
aoaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny eiooe, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? i?iaeaaeo
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia; a?ae a?aeiioaiiy naiiai ianaeaiiy aei oeueiai
i?ioeano.

Iniaeea?noue i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? iieyaa? a oiio, ui naia
caaaeyee ?aoi?ioaaiith a?aeiinei aeaniino? a e?a?i? c’yaeythoueny
?aaeuei? i?eaaoi? aeanieee cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, oi?iothoueny
oeea?e?ciaai? ?eieia? a?aeiineie. E??i oiai, a oiae? i?eaaoecaoe?? ?
noai?aiiy i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a oiio /ene? ?
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa, oi?io?oueny ? ?eiie oe?iieo iaia??a. Aaaeeeaiai
cia/aiiy i?e oeueiio iaaoaa? i?iaeaia ?aae?noe/ii? ioe?iee ia’?eo?a
i?eaaoecaoe?? ? i?aei?e?inoa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo.

A aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? e?a?ie cina?aaeaeaii iaea?eueoee ianea
aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? i?aeeyaathoue i?eaaoecaoe??, ine?eueee ?c
caaaeueiiai ianyao i?aei?e?inoa ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui
i?eaaoecothoueny, 36% — i?aei?e?inoaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno.
Caaaeueia e?euee?noue i?aei?e?inoa aei ii/aoeo ?aoi?ioaaiiy iae?/oaaea
4850 aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, a o./. 2428 ?aaeaini?a ? ?ioeo
aea?aeaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, c ieo i?aeeyaathoue
i?eaaoecaoe?? a?aeiia?aeii 4696 ? 2275 i?aei?e?inoa. I?ioean
i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno ia? nai?
a?aei?iiino?, ye? cia/iith i??ith iaoiiaeai? iniaeeainoyie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, e oneeaaeiththoueny oyaeeei
o?iainiaei noaiiaeuai i?aei?e?inoa oe??? aaeoc?. Ii/aoie ?aoi?ioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe:

· iaaecae/aeii aenieei ciinii ae?iaie/eo iniiaieo oiiae?a ia?aaaaeii?
a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa, iniaeeai a ia?a?iai?e i?iieneiaino?;

· aeoaea iecueeei ??aiai ?aioaaaeueiino? (ii a?aeiioaiith aei iniiaieo
oiiae?a oa iai?ioieo eioo?a) i?aeoe/ii an?o i?aei?e?inoa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno (iaeaea o aeaa ?ace ieae/ei a?ae na?aaeiueiai
o i?iieneiaino?);

· iaaei??ii neeaaeiei o?iainiaei noaiii i?aeoe/ii an?o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa;

· iecueeith iioaioe?eiith aeeoiiith ni?iiiaei?noth i?aoe?aiee?a
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno o ca’yceo c
ieae/ith (ii??aiyii c na?aaeiueith ii ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noao)
iieaoith ?o i?aoe? oa iani?eyoeeaei a?eiaei neeaaeii o?oaeiaeo
eieaeoea?a;

· eiiia?aoeaiith nooi?noth a?eueoino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa (eieaini?a, i?aeainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue), aiane?aeie
/iai aiie aoee ciooai? ?icaeaaoeny ia canaaeao naii?iaanooaaiiy, ui
iaiaaeoaaei ?o iiaeeeaino? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy;

· c?inoath/ei a?aenoaaaiiyi naea a?ae i?noa o nioe?aeueiiio ?icaeoeo,
a?aenooi?noth ?icaeiooi? n?euenueei? nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e,
i?enei?aiee ?icaeoie yei? iaeaaeeoue aei ia?oi/a?aiaeo i?iaeai
iiaeieaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece ia o?eueee a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? ? i?iaeiaieue/?e noa??, a e a aeiiii?oe? a oe?eiio.

E??i oiai, i?eaaoecaoe?eiei i?ioeanai ia?aoeiaeaea? iaaeineiiaea
no?oeoo?a aaeoc?. Ia?oee — i?iieneiaee aeie aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno,
ye a e?euee?niiio, oae ? a ye?niiio a?aeiioaiiyo a?aenoa? a?ae caieo?a
oa iio?aa oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ae?oaiai aeieo, aea, iaeii/anii,
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? oiaa?iae?iaieee ao?aoeee iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue
aeioiaeiino? e iaa?iiaaeaeaiue ia iiiiaiaiiy iniiaieo ? iai?ioieo
oiiae?a aiane?aeie oe?iiaeo aeeni?iii?oe?e. Oae, yeui ii??aiyoe ?iaeaene
oe?i i?iieneiaino? ? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, oi ca ia??iae c 1990 ii
1995 ?.?. aiie c?inee a?aeiia?aeii a 202 oen. ?ac?a ? a 34 oen. ?ac?a.
Cia/ia iaae?iiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa (ia 47,3% a 1997 ii??aiyii c
1996?.) niinoa??aa?oueny ? a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ? o?aeoi?iiio
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?. O naith /a?ao 3 aeie aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno, yeee
caeia? 45% caaaeueieo ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa oaae i?iaeiaaeo?
nei?i/oaaoeny.Oiio, iaeiei c aieiaieo caaaeaiue i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe??
iaeia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ? noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?o aoaeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

I?eaaoecaoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a Oe?a?i?
cae?enithaaeany ??cieie oeyoaie. Iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaiei ? niin?a
aeeoio iaeia oiaa?enoaii iieoioe?a, a oaeee niin?a ia 1.01.1997?. aoei
i?eaaoeciaaii 57,8% i?aei?e?inoa; aeineoue oe?iei i?iaaaeeeany
i?eaaoecaoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oeyoii i?iaeaaeo
aeoe?e a?aee?eoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa — 37,8%. A ?acoeueoao?
?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ca ia??iae
c 1985 ii 1996?.?. cia/ii ci?ieeany ? no?oeoo?a aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??,
ae?iaeaii? ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. Oae ianyae
i?iaeoeoe?? aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a ciaioeeeny c 22,08% o 1985?. aei 6,25%
o 1996?. iaeii/anii ca?eueoeeenue ianyae aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? i?eaaoiiai
naeoi?a aeiiii?ee.

Cia/ii ci?ieeany no?oeoo?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa,
c’yaeeeny iia? oi?ie i?aei?e?inoa — aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa a?aee?eoiai
oa cae?eoiai oeio. Aaaeeeai a?aecia/eoe, ui iaea?eueoee ia’?i
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue neiioeaio?iaaii a cae?eoeo
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoaao (CAO) — 48%, ianya aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? — 32%
a?ae caaaeueiiai, aea noai?aiiy CAO ia aeicaiey? caeo/aoe aeiaeaoeia?
eiooe. Noai?aieo a?aee?eoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa cia/ii iaioa, ?o
ieiua noaiiaeoue eeoa 3,1%, aea i?e oeueiio ia’?i aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a
?ic?aooieo ia 1 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue noaiiaea 529,6
a?i./aa, a o cae?eoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoaao — 452,9 a?i./aa.

Iaeii/anii, i?eaaoecaoe?y cae?enith?oueny ? ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??? aeieo
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. Ca?aeii /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa an?
ian?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
ia?aoai?ththoueny o a?aee?eo? aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa. I?eaaoecaoe?y
aa?ina?a?nieo i?aei?e?inoa ia?aaeaa/aea oi?ioaaiiy iaeao?a aeoe?e, ye?
?iciianthaeaeothoueny na?aae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a,
a oe?eiio, na?aae i?aoe?aiee?a aeaieo i?aei?e?inoa oa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a iiaeiii aooe ?ici?uaii 51%
aeoe?e.

Ioe?iea ia’?eo?a, ui i?eaaoecothoueny, cae?enith?oueny o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c Iaoiaeeeith ioe?iee aa?oino? ia’?eo?a i?eaaoecaoe??,
caoaa?aeaeaii? Eaa?iaoii I?i?no??a a?ae 18 n?/iy 1995?. ia aac?
ia?aaeaoi/iiai aaeaino i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeaenaoe?? iniiaieo
cania?a oa iaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a ca oi?ioeith:

Oe = Ic + Ia + Ae + Ia o E + Oi o E + Cc + (Oa — E?) + Iae , (1)

aea Oe — aa?o?noue iaeia oe?e?niiai iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno;

Ic — caeeoeiaa aa?o?noue iniiaieo cania?a;

Ia — caeeoeiaa aa?o?noue iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a, ye? a?aeia?aaeai? a
aaeain?;

Ae — iacaaa?oai? eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy c ae?aooaaiiyi aa?oino?
iacaaa?oaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa;

Ia — aa?o?noue iacaaa?oaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa c ae?aooaaiiyi aa?oino?
iacaaa?oaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea;

Oi — onoaoeoaaiiy (iaanoaiiaeaia) c ae?aooaaiiyi aa?oino? onoaoeoaaiiy,
i?eaeaaiiai aeey ?iaeaia?iiai caaacia/aiiy iacaaa?oaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa
aeeoea;

E — ona?aaeiai? ?iaeaene oe?i ia aoae?aieoeoai ? i?iieneiao
i?iaeoeoe?th;

Cc — cao?aoe ? caiane, ye? aoiaeyoue o aaethoo aaeaino;

Oa — o?iainia? aeoeae (aeiaaino?ieia? o?iainia? aeeaaeaiiy, ?io?
iicaiai?ioi? aeoeae, eiooe, ?ic?aooiee oa ?io? aeoeae);

E? — e?aaeeoi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue (aeiaaino?ieia? ianeae, ?ic?aooiee
oa ?io? ianeae, ?aca?ae ianooiieo aeo?ao ? ieaoaae?a);

Iae — aaeainiaa aa?o?noue iacaaa?oaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea oa
onoaoeoaaiiy, i?eaeaaiiai aeey ?iaeaia?iiai caaacia/aiiy iacaaa?oaiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea.

Iniaeea?noue ioe?ithaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
iieyaa? a oiio, ui aa?o?noue iaeia, yea aaceiooiaii ia?aaea?oueny /eaiai
o?oaeiaeo eieaeoea?a, aecia/a?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi aa?oino? iaeia, ui
i?eiaaea? ia iaeiiai /eaia eieaeoeaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
i?aei?e?inoaa a na?aaeiueiio ii iaeano? (ii Noinuee?e iaeano? oeae
iieaciee noaiiaeoue 1809,33 a?i.) ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee iae eiaeiiai /eaia
i?aei?e?inoaa ia/eneth?oueny ca eiao?oe??ioii o?oaeiai? o/ano?, yeee ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aaciieaoii ia?aaeaiiai iaeia aei caaaeueii? noie
?iaeaeniaaii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. Ui??/ii eiaeiiio aeanieeo iath
ia?aoiaothoueny aeea?aeaiaee ca ?aooiie iaea?aeaiiai i?aei?e?inoaii
i?eaooeo, i?e oeueiio, noia i?eaooeo, iai?aaeaia ia aeieaoo
aeea?aeaiae?a, iiaeiia noaiiaeoe ia iaioa 10% a?ae noie, ui caeeoeeanue
i?ney a?aeiia?aeieo a?ae?aooaaiue ca iiaaoaiiy e?aaeeoi?nueei?
caai?aiaaiino?. Aeea?aeaiaeia noaaea ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyya????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-??????R????v ???u?th??????aea, Aeno —
aeea?aeaiaeia noaaea;

NAeI — noia aeea?aeaiaeiiai i?eaooeo aeey ?iciiae?eo;

IOI — iaeiaee oiiae i?aei?e?inoaa;

CI — ca?ia?oia ieaoa ca a?aeiia?aeiee eaeaiaea?iee ??e.

O?iainia? a?aeiineie a i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe?? aa?ina?a?nieo
i?aei?e?inoa iathoue nai? iniaeeaino?, ye? iieyaathoue a oiio, ui i?e
?iciiae?e? aeoe?e aecia/a?oueny eaioa i?eueaiaiai i?iaeaaeo aeoe?e
iaaea?aeaaiei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaai, ?ici?? yei?
aecia/a?oueny i?iii?oe?eii aei ianya?a ne?iaeie, caeaii? oeeie
i?aei?e?inoaaie (aeey ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa), aai aei ianya?a iineoa,
io?eiaieo ieie ca ??e. A?eueia ?aae?caoe?y aeoe?e cae?enith?oueny /a?ac
?aa?iiaeueiee oeaio? na?oeo?eaoieo aoeoe?ii?a (aeea. oaae.1).

?nioth/ee iaoai?ci aaciieaoii? i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno i?eca?a aei ?icieethaaiiy aeaniino? na?aae
ianaeaiiy, ? ia aea? iiaeeeaino? noi?ioaaoe ?aaeueiiai aoaeoeaiiai
aeanieea. I?e/eia oeueiai, ia iao iiaeyae, iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?aeoe/ii
ia caeo/athoueny o?iainia? iina?aaeieee, ? ia a?aoiao?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue ia’?aeiaiiy a iaeia oe?ea i?ioean?a i?eaaoecaoe??
aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? ? ?iaanooaaiiy. O?iainia? iina?aaeieee —
?iaanoeoe?ei? oiiaee — iicaaaeai? iiaeeeaino? iaeiiin?aii eiio?iethaaoe
aeoeae ia’?eo?a ? ?o ?iaanooaaoe, ine?eueee caeiiiaeaanoaii
iaiaaeo?oueny eiioeaio?aoe?y ?o aeoea?a a iaaeao 5% nai?o aeoea?a, oa ia
a?eueoa 25% aeoe?e iaeiiai ai?oaioa; a aeia??/? oiaa?enoaa, aeey yeeo
oae? iaiaaeaiiy a?aenooi?, ia iathoue iiaeeeaino? caeo/aoe a?ioia? eiooe
aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?iaanooaaiiy, oiio, iaiao?aei? ?ano?ne iiaeooue aooe
aeoioeueiaai? oeyoii ni?eueiiai ?iaanooaaiiy. A?eueo?noue i?eaaoeciaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa iathoue nooo?aee aeao?oeeo iai?ioieo eioo?a (a?ae 50 aei 90
%), athaeaeaoio ea?oioaeo, aeoaea iecueeee ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?.
Ni?eueia ?iaanooaaiiy aeicaiey? caeiiiieoe ia aeaeaoeao. Aeo?aoe ia
aeeaaeaiiy iaeiiai na?oeo?eaoa o aea?aia i?aei?e?inoai neeaaeathoue a?ae
5 aei 10 aeie. (aac o?aooaaiiy aoeoe?iiii? oe?ie aeoe??). Aei ?o neeaaeo
aoiaeyoue aeaeaoee, iia’ycai? c ioe?ieith ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?,
a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, i?aaenoaaieoeuee? aeo?aoe. E??i oeueiai,
caeo/aiiy na?oeo?eaoa iaoiaeeoueny i?eaeecii a 10-20 aeie.
Oaeei /eiii, caeo/aiiy iaeaoa a 100 oen. na?oeo?eao?a iiaea ia?eoenue
?iaanoi?o a 3 iei. aeie. Ni?eueia ia?aae?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue aea?
iiaeeea?noue ciaioeoe oe? aeo?aoe a 1.5 — 2 ?ace.

Oaaeeoey 1

?ici?uaiiy aeoe?e i?aei?e?inoaa “Noieiaeaa?ioaona?a?n”

? ii

Iai?yiee ?ici?uaiiy

Aeoe??, e?euee?noue oo.Noia?ia aa?o?noue, a?i*anoea a noaoooi. oiiae?,
%1I?eueaiaee i?iaeaae aeoe?e:1.1i?aoe?aieeai i?aei?e?inoaa:- ca
i?eaaoecaoe?ei? iaia?e964000241000.0019.7- ca
aio?aeo482000120500.009.91.2a?iiaaeyie, ye? iathoue i?aai ia i?eueaiaa
i?eaeaaiiy aeoe?e a?aeiia?aeii aei no. 25 Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i
i?eaaoecaoe?th iaeia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa”:- ca i?eaaoecaoe?ei?
iaia?e11000027500.002.2- ca aio?aeo5500013750.001.11.3aeiaeaoeiaa
i?eaeaaiiy aeoe?e ii Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie /?210/93 a?ae 17.05.93
i.9- ca aio?aeo24510761276.655.01.4?ici?uaiiy i?inoeo aeoe?e ca
cae?eoith i?aeieneith na?aae oiaa?iae?iaiee?a- ca i?eaaoecaoe?ei?
iaia?e980426245106.6020.02I?iaeaae aeoe?e ia eiieo?aioieo canaaeao
a?iiaaeyiai Oe?a?ie e o?iainiaei iina?aaeieeai- ca i?eaaoecaoe?ei?
iaia?e840066210016.5017.23Caeeoa?oueny o aea?aeaai?e
aeaniino?1225533306383.2525.0Anueiai:49021321225533.00100.0- ca
i?eaaoecaoe?ei? iaia?e41200251030006.3584.0- ca
aio?aeo782107195526.6516.0 Ae??oeoe i?iaeaio i?eaaoecaoe?eiiai
?iaanooaaiiy iiaeeeai oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy eiieo?n?a ii i?iaeaaeo aeoe?e
i?ae ?iaanoeoe?ei? ciaia’ycaiiy, a oaeiae ?aae?caoe?th oe?iieo iaia??a
i?aei?e?inoa /a?ac ?inoeoooe oiiaeiai? a??ae?. Oea aeicaieeoue
caaacia/eoe caeo/aiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue, oa noai?eoe aeiaeaoeia?
aa?aio?? aeey ?iaanoi?a o aeaeyae? i?aaa aeaniino? ia aeoe??.

I?eaaoecaoe?y i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno ia ia?aaeaa/aea
o/anoue aaie?anueeeo no?oeoo?, ui noa? iniaeeai aeooaeueiei a i?ioean?
ieaoii? i?eaaoecaoe??. Oae, aeey aeeoio i?aei?e?inoaa aeecueei 15%
eioo?a a?ae caaaeueii? noie aa?oino? i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aaenoaaeythoueny
a?oiith ?iaanoi??a — ?ia?oieeaie oa ea??aieoeoaii i?aei?e?inoaa,
i?eaeecii o?aoy /anoeia eioo?a — oea aeiiii?aeiee eai?oae, yeee
i?aaenoaaey? niaith ei?ioeino?ieiao iiceeo ia ia??iae aei ii/aoeo ae??
iniiaii? noaie o?iainoaaiiy aai aeioneo aeoe?e eiiiai??, iniiaia /anoeia
eioo?a — oea iiceea i?ae aeoeae i?aei?e?inoaa oa eiai aeaa?oi?nueeo
caai?aiaaii?noue.

?ic?ea i?ae i?ioeanaie i?eaaoecaoe?? oa ?iaanooaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
oneeaaeith?oueny iaae??oaiei ieoaiiyi ?aae?noe/ii? ioe?iee iaeia. Ia iao
iiaeyae, a oiae? i?eaaoecaoe?? ?, iniaeeai, a iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee
ia??iae ne?ae iie?aoeny ia aecia/aiiy aa?oino? iaeia ia iniia?
i?iaiicoaaiiy iaeaooi?o o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. O?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeia
aecia/eoe oaeeie iieacieeaie ye: aaeainiaee (/enoee) i?eaooie; /enoee
aeioiae, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeeoue oiiae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ?
iiiaeaoeiaaiee i?eaooie; aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy; eai?oaeuei?
aeeaaeaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe; ?aioi? ieaoaae? (a?aiaeia ieaoa);
aeea?aeaiaee ia oe?ii? iaia?e. A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? ieaiiaa
?aioaaaeuei?noue iniiaieo oiiae?a a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??1???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ``
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ???? ???&? ?MathType??p????u
y??????aea, Ri — ?ic?aooieiaa ?aioaaaeuei?noue iniiaieo cania?a ia ?-io
i?aei?e?inoa?;

wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
y??????Eci? — eiao?oe??io na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ?ia?oiee?a ?-ai
i?aei?e?inoaa;

Eoa? — eiao?oe??io oiiaeicaaacia/aiiy i?aoe? ia ?-io i?aei?e?inoa? ia
aeaoo ioe?iee.

Iaoiae aeeneiioiaaieo aeioiae?a ia?aaeaa/a? ia?aoai?aiiy ca iaaieie
i?aaeeaie iaeaooi?o aeioiae?a, i/?eoaaieo ?iaanoi?ai, a iioi/io
aa?o?noue ioe?ithaaiiai iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno. Aeey aecia/aiiy iioi/ii?
aa?oino? iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno, ui i?eaaoeco?oueny, aeei?enoiao?oueny
oi?ioea :

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayy  ???&?
?MathType??a????u????????????-?????=*???=u
???=H???=‰???u?th?????????(?|?
???2IO???)?|????&??yyyy????????u??????1/4????»System????
-????????????»?D????????????????????yyyyyyyy???I?????A??????F
?????????????yyy???????????????? , (4)

aea Sn — iaeaooiy aa?o?noue aianeo ia e?iaoeue n-ai ?ieo, ae?aaeaia a
oaa?aeeo a?ioiaeo iaeeieoeyo;

ri — iii?iaeueia noaaea aaieo

F1 — ia?oa ooieoe?y a?ioiai? iaeeieoe?, yea iieaco? iaeaooith aa?o?noue
a?ioiai? iaeeieoe?.

sseui iaeiiaee eiiieaen i?eaeaathoue ia iaaiee /an (iai?eeeaae 4-5?.?.).
a iio?i ieaio?oueny eiai i?iaeaoe, oi iioi/io aa?o?noue iaeiiaiai
eiiieaeno iiaeia ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ca ne?aeoth/ith oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??‘???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
@???&??yyyy?????Ay?y?U ???&?
?MathType??a????u????????????-?????yE???y???y›???
y( ???yZ???yc???yr???yy???u?th??????aea E1,
A2,… An — /enoee aeioiae a?ae aenieoaoaoe?? iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno ii
caaa?oaiith ia?oiai, ae?oaiai, …, n-ai ?ieo (ia??iaeo), (n — /enei
?ie?a (ia??iae?a) aieiae?iiy eiiieaenii, ia??iae ?aaoey?ieo aeieao
/enoiai aeioiaeo);

Sn — iaeaooiy aa?o?noue iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno ii caaa?oaii? n-ai ?ieo
(ia??iaea).

sseui aaaaeaoe, ui ia??iaee/ii io?eioaaiee aeioiae ia i?ioyc? anueiai
ia??iaeo aieiae?iiy iaeiiaei eiiieaenii ia ci?ith?oueny, oi a oaeiio
aeiaaeeo aeioiaee io?eiothoue oa?aeoa? aio?oaoo. Oaeei /eiii, iioi/ia
aa?o?noue iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno, ui i?eaaoeco?oueny, neeaaea?oueny c
iioi/ii? aa?oino? eiai iaeaooiuei? i?iaeaaeii? oe?ie:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`)???&??yyyy?????Ay»y ); ???&?
?MathType???????u????????????-?????=U???=X
???=„???=???=E???=???=o???=p???=?
???=!???u?th??????

aea A — na?aaei?e aeioiae a?ae iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno ii cae?i/aii?
eiaeiiai ?ieo (ia??iaeo);

F5 — ooieoe?y iioi/ii? aa?oino? iaeeie/iiai aio?oaoo, i’yoa ooieoe?y.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? a?eueo ?aae?noe/ii
cae?enieoe ioe?ieo iaeia i?aei?e?inoaa, a oaeiae iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia
aeey aecia/aiiy oe?ie aeoe?e a iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae. Aiia
a?aoiao? neaiaee ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? ia a?aei?io a?ae ?nioth/i? iiaeae?
a?aoiao? aieea ?ioeyoe?? ia aa?o?noue ia’?eoa iaeia. Aeaiee iaoiae
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee aac aeiiiiiae c aieo aea?aeaae.

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

· I?eaaoecaoe?y a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? Oe?a?ie aaeueio?oueny
ianoaa?euei?noth caeiiiaeaanoaa, iaaeineiiae?noth iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ? a?aenooi?noth ae?eiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e i?ioean?a caeo/aiiy
oe?iieo iaia??a aeey ?o aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

· Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? i?eaaoeciaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ia ieo iii?oii
i?aeaeuo?oueny, ? iaeii/anii aiia aenooia? noeioeyoi?ii
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa. Aeioiaee a?ae ?inoo i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe? ia i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoaao iai?aaeythoueny ia ia i?aeaeuaiiy
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, a ia o?iainoaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa.

· A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo a?ae «na?oeo?eaoii?» i?eaaoecaoe?? aei
na?oeo?eaoii-a?ioiai? ? a?ioiai? i?eaaoecaoe?? ci?ieeeny caaaeaiiy
i?ioeano, ine?eueee a?eueoith i??ith naia ia oeeo aoaiao i?eaaoecaoe?y
aieeaa? ia aaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei on?o ??ai?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Ca ?aooiie eioo?a, ui iaaeoiaeyoue a?ae i?eaaoecaoe??,
a Oe?a?i? cae?enith?oueny /a?ac aaie?anueeo nenoaio e?aaeeooaaiiy
oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae ?iaanooaaiiy
i?eaaoeciaaieo i?aei?e?inoa oeyoii i?eaeaaiiy aeoe?e ainiiaea?/eo
oiaa?enoa, o iaei? yeeo ? aea?aeaaia /anoea.

· I?ioean i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno ia? nai?
iniaeeaino?, ye? cia/iith i??ith iaoiiaeai? iniaeeainoyie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaeaea 97,8% i?aei?e?inoa
i?aeeyaathoue i?eaaoecaoe??. Iaeii na?a?nieo oa ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa
i?eaaoeco?oueny oeyoii ia?aoai?aiiy ?o o a?aee?eo? aeoe?iia?i?
oiaa?enoaa iacaeaaeii a?ae aa?oino? oeeo ia’?eo?a. Iaiaei?iiith oiiaith
?o i?eaaoecaoe?? ? caa?aaeaiiy ca’yce?a c aaciina?aaei?ie
oiaa?iae?iaieeaie oeyoii ?ici?uaiiy aeoe?e na?aae i?aoe?aiee?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

· Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey i?ioeano ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? ia?
o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe??. Iaeiei c iaae??oaieo
ieoaiue ? i?iaeaia ?aae?noe/ii? ioe?iee iaeia i?aei?e?inoaa, ui
i?eaaoeco?oueny. Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeia i?aei?e?inoa AIE
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae caaaeueiii?eeiyoi?, ine?eueee aa?o?noue iaeia, ui
aaceiooiaii ia?aaea?oueny /eaiai o?oaeiaeo eieaeoea?a, aecia/a?oueny c
o?aooaaiiyi aa?oino? iaeia, yea i?eiaaea? ia iaeiiai /eaia eieaeoeaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa a na?aaeiueiio ii iaeano?.

· Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aa?oino? ia’?eoa ia?aaeaa/a? cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano
oiiaeecaoe??. Aecia/aiiy aa?oino? iaeia cae?enith?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi
?iaeaenaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa iaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a ia
i?aenoaa? aeaieo, iaea?aeaieo i?e ?iaaioa?ecaoe??. Aeaia iiaeaeue
ioe?iee ia a?aoiao? ?eieia? neaiaee ? ioe?iea aa?oino? iaeia a
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia a?aeiia?aea? ?eieia?e aa?oino?.

· A?aenooi?noue iaoiaeeee, yea aeaea a iiaeeea?noue ioe?ithaaoe iaeiiaee
eiiieaen c o?aooaaiiyi ?eieiaeo neaiae?a, iiaea aieeiooe ia oaiie
a?ioiai? i?eaaoecaoe??, yea cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae i?aaeeueii
aea?aii? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee iaeia i?aei?e?inoaa, ine?eueee
iai?aeoaa?aeaeaia caaeuaiiy eo?no aeoe?e i?aei?e?inoaa iiaea caeeoeoe
eiai aac iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a, a i?ioeeaaeia neooaoe?y — caieaeaiiy
aa?oino? — i?eaaaea aei caeoe?a aeey aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo.

· Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao
i?eaaoecaoe?? ? iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia
i?iaiicoaaii? iaeaooi?o ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ca
e?eoa???i aeeneiioiaaiiai aeioiaeo. Aiia a?aoiao? neaiaee ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee ? aeicaiey? aecia/eoe aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao
?eieo aac aeiiiiiae c aieo aea?aeaae.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Oeieueiee E.A. I?iaeaiu oeiaine?iaaiey naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee //A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y:
o?iaine ? e?aaeeo.- 1994.-? 1.-N. 49-50.

2. Oeieueiee ?.I. I?eaaoecaoe?ei? i?ioeane a aa?ii?iieneiaiio
eiiieaen?//A?niee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei?
ni?aae.-1996.-?1.-N. 107-109.

3. Oeieueiee ?.I. Aeaye? aniaeoe ioe?iee iaeia i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao
i?eaaoecaoe?? /I?aai?caoe?y ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. Ca??iee noaoae.-Noie: ?i?oe?aoeaa-OAAN,
1997.-N.17-22.

4. Oeieueiee ?.I. I?eaaoecaoe?y — iniiaiee /eiiee ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue
a Oe?a?i? // A?niee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei?
ni?aae.-1997.-?2.-N. 86-90.

5. I?uaiei A.?., Oeieueiee ?.I. Aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe i?ioeano
i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? /Aeiiii?/ia aaciaea: i?iaeaie ? no?aoaa?y
caaacia/aiiy a Oe?a?i?.-Oa?e?a: Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo a?ciano oa
iaiaaeaeiaioo, 1998.-N.98-102.

6. Oeieueiee ?.I. Iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeia
i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? //Oace
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. I?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a oiiaao o?aiceoe??.- Oa?e?a: Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo
a?ciano oa iaiaaeaeiaioo, 1998.-N.187-189.

7. Oeieueiee ?.I. Aaeineiiaeaiiy o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei i?ioeano
i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa//A?niee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei?
ni?aae.- 1998.-?5.-N.86-89.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oeieueiee ?.I. O?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.04.01 — o?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo.-
Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aaie?anueei? ni?aae, Noie, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith ieoaiue aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? oa iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eii?
i?aeo?eiee i?aei?e?inoa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. O ?iaio?
iaa?oioiaai? oa nenoaiaoeciaai? aeiiii?/i? oa nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e, ye?
aieeaathoue ia i?eaaoecaoe?th aa?ii?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.
I?iaiae?ciaaii noai o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. Cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? ? caeo/aiiy
?iaanoeoe?e. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno,
ui i?eaaoeco?oueny, ia iniia? i?iaiicoaaiiy iaeaooi?o o?iainiaeo
?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeani?noue, i?eaaoecaoe?y, o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy,
iaeiiaee eiiieaen, aa?o?noue iaeia, aeeneiiooaaiiy, iaeiia? na?oeo?eaoe.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oeieueiee E.A. Oeiainiaia iaania/aiea i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia ia
i?aaei?eyoeyo aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai eiiieaena.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.04.01 — oeiainu, aeaiaaeiia ia?auaiea e
e?aaeeo. Oe?aeineay aeaaeaiey aaieianeiai aeaea, Noiu, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aii?inia
niaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoaiecia oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey i?eaaoecaoeee e
iinoi?eaaoecaoeeiiiie iiaeaea?aeee i?aaei?eyoee aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai
eiiieaena. A nayce n yoei ii?aaeaeaiu caaea/e i?eaaoecaoeee ia ?acee/iuo
yoaiao aa i?iaaaeaiey, iainiiaaiu e nenoaiaoece?iaaiu yeiiiie/aneea e
nioeeaeueiua oaeoi?u, eioi?ua aeeytho ia oaiiu i?iaaaeaiey i?eaaoecaoeee
aa?ii?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Iainiiaaii, /oi i?eaaoecaoeey nicaeaao
nioeeaeueiue aacen iiaie yeiiiie/aneie iiaeaee, iniiaaiiue ia /anoiie
nianoaaiiinoe e i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa. Aianoa n oai, eciaiaiea
i?iii?oeee iaoeeiiaeueiiai eaieoaea ioiineoaeueii iio?aaiinoae ?uiea
oiaea ?aaeecoaony /a?ac i?eaaoecaoeeth, i?aa?auay aa a aaaeioth /anoue e
oi?io eiaanoeoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna. ?anniio?ai iaoaieci oeiainiaiai
iaania/aiey i?eaaoecaoeee, eioi?ue aeeth/aao a naay ii?aaeaeaiea
ia/aeueiie oeaiu i?eaaoece?oaiiai eiouanoaa; enoi/ieee n?aaenoa aeey
i?eia?aoaiey i?eaaoece?oaiiai eiouanoaaiiiai eiiieaena; ii?yaeie
ii?aaeaeaiey ?acia?ia yiennee i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo eiouanoaaiiuo
na?oeoeeaoia e eo iiieiaeueiie noieiinoe; eniieueciaaiea n?aaenoa,
iieo/aiiuo io i?eaaoecaoeee. O/eouaay oi, /oi iiuo i?iaaaeaiey
i?eaaoecaoeee a Oe?aeia iaaieueoie, aue enneaaeiaai ca?oaaaeiue iiuo
i?aaiecaoeee i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia e eo oeiainiaia iaania/aiea
eae eiaeono?eaeueii ?acaeouo no?ai, oae e no?ai Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu e
Eaoeineie Aia?eee.

A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai aiaeec ninoiyiey i?ioeanna i?eaaoecaoeee
i?aaei?eyoee ia?aiai e aoi?iai aeiea aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai eiiieaena.
I?iaiaeece?iaaiu eciaiaiey, i?ienoiaeyuea a no?oeoo?a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, no?oeoo?a aaeiaie i?iaeoeoeee.
Nenoaiaoe/anee enneaaeiaai iaoaieci oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey
i?eaaoecaoeee iaiin?aaenoaaiiuo naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae, a oaeaea iniaaiiinoe oeiainiaiai iaoaiecia
i?eaaoecaoeee aa?ina?aeniuo e ia?a?aaaouaathueo i?aaei?eyoee. Iaoaieci
oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey i?eaaoecaoeee yoeo i?aaei?eyoee eiaao
nouanoaaiiua ioee/ey, iaoneiaeaiiua niaoeeoeeie naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
io?anee ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa. Aeaenoaothuei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
ii?aaeaeaii, /oi ana ia?a?aaaouaathuea e aa?ina?aeniua i?aaei?eyoey a
oiaea i?eaaoecaoeee aeieaeiu auoue ?aoi?ie?iaaiu a ioe?uoua aeoeeiia?iua
iauanoaa, i?e yoii iaycaoaeueii /anoue aeoeee aeieaeia auoue ?aaeeciaaia
n?aaee naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae, /oi aeieaeii
niinianoaiaaoue nio?aiaieth i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo naycae.

Ninoaaiie /anoueth oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey i?eaaoecaoeee aunooiaao
i?ioeann ioeaiee eiouanoaaiiiai eiiieaena aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai
i?aaei?eyoey. A aeaiiie neooaoeee eiouanoai ioeaieaaaony ii iaeiie
iaoiaeeea ia iniiaa ia?aaeaoi/iiai aaeaina n o/aoii eiaeaenaoeee
iniiaiuo n?aaenoa e iaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia. Aaaeiui eiiiiiaioii iaoaiecia
oeiainiauo ioiioaiee i?eaaoecaoeeiiiiai e iinoi?eaaoecaoeeiiiiai
ia?eiaea a Oe?aeia aunooiaao eioeyoeey. Ii a aeaenoaothuae iaoiaeeea
ioeaiee iia ia o/eouaaaony, aneaaenoaea /aai aicieeatho ineiaeiaiey i?e
onoaiiaeaiee ?aaeueiie noieiinoe i?eaaoece?oaiiai i?aaei?eyoey. A nayce
n yoei ?ac?aaioai eiiieaen ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth
iaoaiecia oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia
i?aaei?eyoee aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai eiiieaena a oneiaeyo eioeyoeee.

Iainiiaaii, /oi oniao ieaoiie i?eaaoecaoeee, eioi?ay i?eoiaeeo ia niaio
na?oeoeeaoiie oi?ia, a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo io iaoiaeeee
ioeaiee eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey, iineieueeo iaii?aaaeaiiia caauoaiea
eo?na aeoeee i?aaei?eyoey iiaeao inoaaeoue aeaiiia i?aaei?eyoea aac
eiaanoi?ia, a i?ioeaiiieiaeiay neooaoeey — caieaeaiea noieiinoe —
i?eaaaeao e oauoeai aeey ainoaea?noaaiiiai athaeaeaoa. I?ioeann ioeaiee
eiouanoaa a oiaea i?eaaoecaoeee inouanoaeyaony n oeaeueth onoaiiaeaiey
?acia?ia aueoia e ianooaaia iinooieaiee io i?iaeaaee ainoaea?noaaiiiai
eiouanoaa a athaeaeao. A ?aaioa iainiiaaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee
i?eaaoece?oaiiai i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa i?iaiice?iaaiey aoaeoueo
oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia aai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey. ?ac?aaioaia
yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ii?aaeaeaiey ioeaiee noieiinoe
i?eaaoece?oaiiai eiouanoaaiiiai eiiieaena a aa?a?iii naeoi?a ii
e?eoa?eth aeeneiioe?iaaiiiai aeioiaea.

Iaoaieci i?ioeanna i?eaaoecaoeee n eniieueciaaieai i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo
na?oeoeeaoia i?eaae e ?aniueaieth nianoaaiiinoe n?aaee ianaeaiey e, oai
naiui, caiaaeeee i?ioeann oi?ie?iaaiey ?aaeueiiai yooaeoeaiiai
nianoaaiieea e eiaanoe?iaaiey. A ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
i?eaea/aieth oeiainiauo iin?aaeieeia aeey ?aoaiey i?iaeaiu
eiaanoe?iaaiey. E?iia oiai, ?anniio?aiu aiciiaeiinoe o/anoey aaieianeeo
o/?aaeaeaiee a i?eaaoecaoeee i?aaei?eyoee aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai eiiieaena.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nianoaaiiinoue, i?eaaoecaoeey, eiouanoaaiiue eiiieaen,
oeiainiaia iaania/aiea, noieiinoue eiouanoaa, aeeneiioe?iaaiea,
eiouanoaaiiua na?oeoeeaou.

SUMMARY

Shkolnik I.A. The financial ensuring of privatization process of
agribusiness enterprises.- Manuscript.

The dissertation towards the degree of the candidate of economic
sciences (speciality 08.04.01 — finances, money turnover and credit). —
Ukrainian Academy of Banking, Sumy, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the investigation of finansial ensuring
mechanisms improvement of privatization and post-privatization support
of agribusiness enterprises. The economic and social factors are
systematized and grounded influencing the agribusiness enterprises
privatization. The state of finansial ensuring of agribusiness
enterprises privatization is analysed. The recommendations for finansial
relations improvement of privatization process are given and investments
involvements are suggested. The estimation methods of real estate being
privatized are developed on the basis of the future finansial results
prognosis of enterprises functioning.

Key words: property, privatization, finansial ensuring, real estate
complex, value of estate, discount, property certificates.

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