Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

Eoae?ee E?e?aia A?eai??aia

OAeE 10 (09) 14TH 18 (477)

O?einio?y ye oe?e?nia na?oini?eeiyooy a eiioeaioe?? I.TH?eaae/a

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.05 — ?noi??y o?einio??

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?einionueeeo iaoe

Euea?a—1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? o?einio?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

I?i?noanoai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaooe Aiae??e ?aaiiae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e ?noi??? o?einio??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaooaa Ia??y Aanee?aia,

?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.E?ei’yeaae/a

IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo o?einio??

eoeueoo?e;

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ne?eiiee Ieoaeei Aioiiiae/,

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee e?nioaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao “Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea
aeaaeai?y”

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “6” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.051.02 o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea ca aae?anith: 290001, i. Euea?a, aoe.
Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (i. Euea?a,
aoe. I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 5)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “26”aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.I.Aeaienaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. OO no. oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaiaeaioei?th aei
oi?ioaaiiy iiai? ia?aaeeaie naioini?eeiyooy. Aiaeaoaa?oueny ia?aaeyae
onoaeaieo iiaeoiaeia i ioeiiie, ooaa?aeaeo?oueny aeiaeiai/ia,
ieth?aeinoe/ia ?icoiiiiy inoi?eei-oieinionueeiai i?ioeano. A
inoi?eei-oieinionueeie iaooei ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue “aieeo ieyi”,
ineieueee noaei c?icoiieei, ui caiia/oaaiiy iaaieo iinoaoae aai yaeu,
oae naii ye i i?eiaioaiiy ?o ?iei, aaaea aei caiaeiaiiy oieinionueei?
aeoiee, aei caoaeaiiy ianooaaia ieneaiiy.

Oai?/inoue aeaeaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey OIO no. Iaioiea TH?eaae/a
? yne?aaith noi?iieith a inoi?i? aio/eciyii? oieinionueei? aeoiee, i ana
ae, iacaaaeath/e ia c?inoath/o eieueeinoue aeineiaeaeaiue, aiia
caeeoa?oueny ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiith i iaei caaeiyiith o no/aniee
eoeueoo?ioai?/ee i?ioean. Oei/anii ni?aaaei? aiae?iaeaeaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai noniieuenoaa iaiiaeeeaa aac iiaiioeiiii? aeooiaii?
i?enooiinoi oeo, ooi c?iaea inoioiee aianie o iaoeiiiaeueio oa
anaethaenueeo eoeueoo?io nea?aieoeth.

Ioaea, aeooaeueiinoue aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy coiiaeaia
ianaiia?aae iio?aaith ?ice?eooy oeieinii? ea?oeie ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
oieinioi?, iaiaoiaeiinoth aea/aiiy caeiiiii?iinoae ?? i?ioanieiiai
noaiiaeaiiy i aieeao ia aeooiaii i?ioeane a noniieuenoai. Iiaa?iaiiy
oieinionueei? niaaeueie I.TH?eaae/a a onie aeeaeii aeiiiiiaea
oe?a?inueeie oieinioi? o ?? iinooii i naiionaiaeiieaiii, o aecia/aiii
nai?o aeaea?ae, ui ei?aiyoueny a iaioaeueiinoi oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, i
naiai iinoey ia a?aii naioiai? oieinionueei? eoeueoo?e.

?aeiaieia oieinioiy i?aaineaa’y, i?aaenoaaieeii yei? ? I.TH?eaae/, ia?
aaeeeee aoiaiinoe/iee iioaioeiae, oiio ui caa?iaia aei i?iaeai ethaeeie,
?? aioo?ioiueiai naioo, iniaenoiniiai aaeineiiaeaiiy,
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ii?aeueieo oeiiiinoae. O oea?eii ?aeiaieii?
oieinioi? aeieathoueny aioaaiiicie iiae iaoeiaei ciaiiyi i ?aeiaieiei
iaee?iaaiiyi, ooaa?aeaeo?oueny aeiaeia i niia?iaioieoeoai iiae iaoeith i
?aeiai?th. Ana oea a oiiaao noniieueiiai iiiaeaiiy ia? aaeeea
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ia i nioeiaeueii-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Inoaiiii /anii noaea iniaeeai aeooaeueiith i?iaeaia niaoeeoiee
oieinionueeiai ciaiiy oa eiai ooieoeie. Oea iia’ycaii ic aaaaeaiiyi o
iaoeiaee iaia aeoiie (/anoi iao?aaeeoeieieo) ?aiioa caai?iiaieo
oieinioia; ic ciyooyi c oieinioi? iaeaieiai/ii? caaiaaaeiaaiinoi oa
?oeioaaiiyi noa?aioeiia ieneaiiy; c i?aaiaiiyi aei iiaeieaiiy
o?aaiaioa?ecaoei? eoeueoo?e oa ae?iaeaiiy oeieiniiai aoiaiinoe/iiai
naioiaeyaeo, iaiaoiaeiiai aeey aeaeeaaiiy ethaenoaa. Iaeii?th c
iaeoa?aeoa?iioeo ?en aeooiaii? neooaoei? nueiaiaeaiiy ? aeciaiiy
?iaiioeiiiinoi iae?iciiiaiioiioeo niiniaia ni?eeiyooy i inyaiaiiy
ethaeeiith naioo. A oeeo oiiaao iiaeyaee I.TH?eaae/a ia nooue i
i?ecia/aiiy oieinioi?, ia niiaaiaeiioaiiy ?aoeiiiaeueiiai i
iica?aoeiiiaeueiiai, ?icoio i na?oey, ciaiiy i ai?e aeyaeythoueny aeoaea
oeiiieie. Aiie niiacao/ii c oaia?ioiiie iiooeaie “iiai?”
?aoeiiiaeueiinoi, aiaeiiaiaeathoue iac?ieie inoi?e/iie iaiaoiaeiinoi
aoiaiicoaaoe ieneaiiy, a oiio aeeeeeathoue iaaaeyeee oieinionueeee
iioa?an. Aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy ia a inoaiith /a?ao aecia/a?oueny
i?iaaaeaiiyi aiaeico oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a ia iniiai oeieiniiai
iiaeoiaeo, ui aeicaiey? iieacaoe oeth oieinioith a iiaiio naioei,
oieeiooe iioe?aieo iaeiiai/iinoae o ?? o?aeooaaiii.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iai?yi
aeineiaeaeaiiy iia’ycaiee c ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeineiaeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
inoi?i? oieinioi? Eueaianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo iiai? Iaaia
O?aiea, cie?aia c aaeocaaeie oaiaie “Inoi?iy oe?a?inueei? oieinioi?”,
“Aio?iiieiai/ii-eiioeaiooaeueii canaaee iiiaeaiiy ciinoo na?aaeiuei? i
aeui? aoiaiioa?ii? inaioe”, a oaeiae c aea?aeaaieie i?ia?aiaie ?icaeoeo
nioeiaeueii-aoiaiioa?ii? inaioe.

Ia’?eoii aeineiaeaeaiiy ? oieinionueea niaaeueia I.TH?eaae/a a eiioaenoi
oeo iniiaieo i?ioeania i oaiaeaioeie, ui niinoa?iaaeeny o aio/eciyiie i
caoiaeii?a?iiaenueeie oieinioi? ae?oai? iieiaeie OIO no.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ? eiioeaioeiy oieinioi?
I.TH?eaae/a: oieinionueea naioini?eeiyooy i eiai oeieiniinoue, i?e?iaea
o?einionueei? ?aoeiiiaeueiinoi, iniiaii caaaeaiiy i ooieoei? oieinioi?,
?? aiaeiioaiiy aei iioeo oi?i noniieueii? naiaeiiinoi. I?aaeiaoii
iniaeeai? oaaae noaea “oieinioiy na?oey” I.TH?eaae/a, a oaeiae
iaa?oiooaaiiy iei i?aeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae oieinioi?.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. I?e iaienaiii ?iaioe aaoi? nie?aeany ia
aeinaiae aea/aiiy niaaeueie I.TH?eaae/a oe?a?inueeeie i ?inienueeeie
aeineiaeieeaie. A eiioaenoi inoi?i? ?inienueei? oieinioi? i?i
I.TH?eaae/a ienaee A.sseiaaiei, A.?aaeeia, I.Aaaaeainueeee, I.??oia,
ss.Eieoaianueeee, A.Oei?ianueeee, A.Caiueeianueeee, O.Oeoia,
I.Eeth/aanueeee, A.Nieiaeia, A.Oiao, I.Ein?a, I.Aa?aey?a, I.Einnueeee,
A.Aeoaneaaoeaa, I.Oei?ainueeee. C iaoa?iaeinoe/ieo iiceoeie I.TH?eaae/a
e?eoeeoaaee eiaea?e ?inienueeiai ?aaiethoeieiiai aeaiie?aoecio oa
ia?iaeieoeoaa I.*a?ieoaanueeee, I.Oea/ia, I.Eaa?ia oa ii. Oey
oia?aaeaeaia e?eoeea ciaeoea nai? i?iaeiaaeaiiy o ?aaeyinueeeo aaoi?ia
A.Aiaaoiaa, I.Aaeaeoiiiiaa, I.Ieeaiae?iaa, A.Aoaaiea, I.Iaioiia,
I.Ueiaiiaa, I.Iia/oea, Ae.Ino?yieia. Aieueo ia’?eoeaii aei oai?/inoi
I.TH?eaae/a iiaeoiaeyoue I.Aa?aiia, ?.Aaeueoeaaa.

A?oioiaii i?aoei i?enayoeee I.TH?eaae/o aeiy/i oe?a?inueei? aeianii?e
TH.Aeeaie/, Ae.*eaeaanueeee, N.ss?ionue; i?i iueiai ienaee I.Ii?/oe,
I.Eoeue/eoeueeee, A.ssiia, O.Caeeaeaeuenueeee. Oeieaaeie ?
aeineiaeaeaiiy iiiaoeueeiai a/aiiai ?.Iio/a.

A inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy oai?/?noue I.TH?eaae/a aeine?aeaeothoue
A.Ai?nueeee, I.Eoe, A.Ai?ae, A.Oeoieac, I.Caii?iaeaoeue, I.Ae/ei,
A.Aeaieeaiei, N.A?eue/einueea, A.A??noiaa, A.Oaa/aiei oa ?i. Cia/iei
aianeii o aea/aiiy oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a noaei aeaeaiiy iaoa?iaeia
oieinionueeeo /eoaiue, i?enay/aieo iai’yoi I.TH?eaae/a, ui i?ioiaeeee a
oiiaa?neoaoi “Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea Aeaaeaiiy” o 1993, 1994 oa 1996 ??. Oei
iaoa?iaee naiae/aoue i?i aeaaaee iioa?an aei I.TH?eaae/a o ?icieo
?aaiiiao Oe?a?ie oa ca ei?aeiiii, iinoyoue oeieaai aeoiee i iiai
iiaeoiaee aei aea/aiiy oai?/i? niaaeueie ieneeoaey.

I?ioa eiioeaioei? oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a a /eneaiieo aeineiaeaeaiiyo aoei
i?eaeieaii iaei oaaae, a a eiioaeno? oeieiniiai i?aeoiaeo aiia oaeoe/ii
ia ?icaeyaeaeany.

Aia?oa i?iaeaio a iiaeiaiiio ?aeo?ni iinoaaea A.Oiao, yeee aiaecia/aa,
ui I.TH?eaae/a iaaeeoaea “oeieueia oieinioiy”, ?icoiith/e iiae oeei
ni?yioaaiiy oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a o i?aeoe/iee, ii?aeueiee aie;
caoaaaeoaaa, ui oieinioiy I.TH?eaae/a ia aeeaaea?oueny o ?aiee no?iai?
iaoee. A.Nieiaeia oa A.?aaeeia aeciaee, ui oieinioiy I.TH?eaae/a
aeeth/a? a naaa ye ?aoeiiiaeueia, oae i iica?aoeiiiaeueia, ia? o nai?io
a?naiaei i oai?aoe/ia ii?eoaaiiy, i aiii?e/iee oa iinoe/iee aeinaiae,
aea ye naia ana oea ii?aeio?oueny a iaeiie oieinionueeie eiioeaioei?, ia
aoei iieacaii. I?i “iaoiaeieiai/iee ieth?aeici” I.TH?eaae/a aiai?ea
Ae.*eaeaanueeee, i?i eiai e?eoe/ia, ia’?eoeaia i iacaeaaeia ieneaiiy —
C.ss?ionue. TH.Aeeaie/ aaaaeaa, ui oieinioiy I.TH?eaae/a noi?oue iica
aeeoioiii?th “iaoa?iaeici-iaeaaeici”, i a oeueiio cia/ii aeia?aaeaeo?
naie /an. O aaaaoueio aeine?aeieeia, yei ieoooue i?i “oieinioith na?oey”
I.TH?eaae/a, cao/eoue aeoiea i?i aaeeeo ?ieue na?oey (aiioeieiiai) a
eiai aiinaieiai?, aea i?e oeueiio /anoi iacaneoaeaii i?eieaeo?oueny
?ieue ?aoeiiiaeueiiai ia/aea.

Aeena?oaio iaiaaaeany iiaeeaeoe e neioacoaaoe aeayei ic cacia/aieo
aeoiie, iaa?oiooaaoe oe?e?ni?noue o?einionueeiai na?oini?ee-iyooy a
eiioeaioe?? I.TH?eaae/a.

Iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy oa
aiaeic nooiinieo iniaeeainoae eiioeaioei? oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a.
Oeieiniinoue i ianoia?a/eeainoue oieiniooaaiiy I.TH?eaae/a aaoi? i?aaia
iieacaoe ia oei aeiae — ia eeoa o eiioaenoi aio/eciyii? oieinioi?, a e
a?aoiaoth/e aeayei iiiaioe ei?aeyoei? ic caoiaeii?a?iiaenueeith
eoeueoo?ith.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ae?ioaiiy ?yaeo
caaaeaiue:

— aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? aca?iiaei? iiae oieinioi?th i iaoeith, a oaeiae
?ice?eoe niaoeeoieo oieinionueei? ?aoeiiiaeueiinoi o ?icoiiiii
I.TH?eaae/a;

— aeyaeoe e?eoa?i? ioeiiee I.TH?eaae/ai oieinionueeeo nenoai (iaeaaeicio
oa iaoa?iaeicio);

— i?iaiaeicoaaoe niiaaiaeiioaiiy ciaiiy i ai?e o ?aeiaieiie oieinioi?
I.TH?eaae/a;

— ?ice?eoe ?ieue na?oey, aiioeieiiai ia/aea o oieinionueeiio iiciaiii;

— iaa?oiooaaoe i?aeoe/iee oa?aeoa? oieinioi? a eiioeaioe?? I.TH?eaae/a;

— c’ynoaaoe iaeaeii oa oai?aoe/ii aeaea?aea oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a,
iieacaoe ?? niaaeei?iiinoue uiaei aio/eciyii? oieinionueei? o?aaeeoei? i
cia/eiinoue aeey ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aeooiaiinoi.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? no/anii aeinyaiaiiy
a aaeoci oieinioi?, ineoieiai?, eoeueoo?ieiai?, ?aeiai?ciaanoaa.

Neiae aiaecia/eoe aieea ia ooai?aiiy ?yaeo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoei?
?iaio no/anieo aeineiaeieeia oe?a?inueei? oieinioi? A.Ai?nueeiai,
I.Eoea, A.Iaooea, I.Caoa?e, I.Eaooae, I.Ae/ea, A.Ae/ei, A. I?/ee,
A.Oaaa/eianueeiai, A.Eieiaeiiai oa ii.

A yeinoi aeoiaeieo o aecia/aiii oeieiniiai oa?aeoa?o oieinionueeiai
naioini?eeiyooy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?iaiaeii oace iaoeiai-oieinionueei?
eiioeaioei? ?aeyoeieiiai oieicio, yea iaa?oioiaaia o i?aoeyo
oa?eianueeeo a/aieo A.Oyaei, A.Ooaiueei, I.Oeaoiino?i oa ii. Oey
eiioeaioeiy ni?aaeea aecia/aeueiee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy
aeineiaeieoeueei? aiiioace aeena?oaoei?.

Aaoi? i?aaioea aeio?eiaoe i?eioeeiia inoi?ecio, ia’?eoeaiinoi,
naioiaeyaeiiai ieth?aeicio, aeoiaeeea c i?ii?eoaoo caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
oeiiiinoae. Iioa?i?aoaoeiy oaenoia I.TH?eaae/a aaco?oueny ia aeayeeo
i?eioeeiao oieinionueei? aa?iaiaaoeee ye oiiaa?naeueii? iaoiaeieiai?
aoiaiioa?iiai ciaiiy (a?aooaaiiy eiie?aoii? iaioaeueii-eoeueoo?ii?
neooaoei?, iaia?a?aiinoi o?aaeeoei?, aaaaoiaeii?iinoi nieneo oaenoo).
Aeei?enoiaoaaany oaeiae iaoiae anioeiaoeaieo niianoaaeaiue, ui aeicaieea
iieacaoe niieueiinoue I.TH?eaae/a c ie?aieie oieinionueeeie oa/iyie
OO no.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoei? neeaea oieinionueea i iaaeaaiai/ia
niaaeueia I.TH?eaae/a, i?aoei aio/eciyieo oa ca?oaiaeieo oieinioia
ae?oai? iieia. OIO-ii/.OO no., a oaeiae oai?e Ieaoiia i Eaioa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Iaoeiaa iiaecia iia’ycaia c
naiith iinoaiiaeith i?iaeaie oa cai?iiiiiaaieie iaoiaeaie ?? ae?ioaiiy.
Aia?oa ia iniiai oeieiniiai iiaeoiaeo anaai/ii i?iaiaeiciaaii
eiioeaioeith oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a, a oaeiae cae?eniaii:

— caeo/aiiy o iaoeiaee iaia iaeiaeineiaeaeaieo iaaeaaiai/ieo i?aoeue
I.TH?eaae/a, ui i?aaenoaaeai? ye neeaaeiaa caaaeueii-oieinionueei?
eiioeaioei? ieneeoaey;

— ?ice?eooy ciinoiaiai ca’yceo oai?aoeei-iiciaaaeueieo i
oeiiiinii-naioiaeyaeieo iiceoeie I.TH?eaae/a c iniiaieie ei?aethth/eie
oaiaeaioeiyie o aio/eciyiie i naioiaie oieinioi?;

— iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie i iaa?oiooaaiiy aeoiee i?i ei?aeioeaio?eci
oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny o ia?ic?eaiie ?aeiinoi c
?aeiaieiei oa?aeoa?ii oieiniooaaiiy;

— aiaeic niiaaiaeiinieo iiiyoue “?icoi” i”?icnoaeie”, “iiiyooy” oa
“iaeay”; ooi/iaii ciino iiiyoue “na?oea”, “caaaeueiiethaenueea
naiaeiiinoue”, anoaiiaeaii ?o ?ieue o aiinaieiai? I.TH?eaae/a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iiaea aooe eiie?aoeciaaia o ianooiieo iieiaeaiiyo, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Oieinioiy a eiioeaioei? I.TH?eaae/a aeeth/a? iaoeiainoue ye
iaiaoiaeiee /eiiee, aea aeoiaeeoue ca iaaei iaoee, ? aaaaooith i
neeaaeiioith oi?iith aeooiaiiai aeeooy i ia? ?yae oi/ie cioeiaiiy c
?aeiai?th; “cono?i/” iaoee i ?aeiai? o noa?i oieinioi? oiiaeeeaeth?
ianoia?a/eeaa niiainioaaiiy e i?aaii/iee neioac o?ueio iniiaieo oi?i
noniieueii? naiaeiiinoi.

2. ?aeaae I.TH?eaae/a — oieinioiy, aieueia aiae iaiaaeaiue iaeaaeicio
oa iaoa?iae?cio, yea aeoiaeeoue c iioieiai/ii? ?aeiinoi iaeaaeueiiai oa
iaoa?iaeueiiai ia/ae, aiinaieiai/ii? aeiiiaithaaiinoi ai?ii?ieo oa
aiinoa?ii?ieo neeaaeiaeo iiciaaaeueieo aeoia naiaeiiinoi.

3. Ii?yae c ?aoeiiiaeueiei inio? aiioeieia inyaiaiiy naioo, ui
caeienith?oueny /a?ac na?oea i ? ia?aeiiei oa aeeaeiiei niiniaii
naioini?eeiyooy, caaacia/o? eiai oeieiniinoue.

4. ?icoi i na?oea, ciaiiy i ai?a a eiioeaioei? I.TH?eaae/a ii?aeio?oueny
a iaoaeiai/iiio neioaci, i oei naiei ciiia?oueny noia?a/iinoue iiae
?aoeiiiaeiciii oa i??aoeiiiaeiciii, ooaa?aeaeo?oueny iiaa, ?icoe?aia
?icoiiiiy oieinionueei? ?aoeiiiaeueiinoi.

5. Oeieiniinoue oieinioi? aecia/a?oueny oaeiae ?? “i?aeoe/iinoth”,
caa?iaiinoth aei i?iaeai noniieueiiai e iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai ethaenueeiai
aoooy oa eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy; yne?aaei aeyaii i?aeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae
oieinioi? ? oieinioiy ii?aei oa oieinioiy inaioe I.TH?eaae/a.

6. Oeieiniinoue i aeooiaiinoue aeae?eai? I.TH?eaae/ai a yeino?
iaeaaaeeeaioeo ?en oieinioi?, ui coiiaeththoue ?? aeeoo?ainoue; eiai
aeania oai?/?noue, ui ?icai?oa?oueny a ?one?
aecenoaioe?eii-ei?aeioeaio?e/ii? e?i?? o?einiooaaiiy, a?aeiia?aea?
cacia/aiei aeiiaai ? caaaeyee oeueiio caa??aa? nai? cia/aiiy aeey
no/anii? eoeueoo?e.

Oai?aoe/ia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Aeineiaeaeaiiy
cina?aaeaeo? oaaao ia ieoaiiyo, iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaieo o aio/eciyiie
inoi?eei-oieinionueeie eioa?aoo?i, yei iathoue aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oieinioi?. ?iaioa ? aianeii o aea/aiiy oai?/inoi
I.TH?eaae/a c iiaeyaeo ?? aeooaeueiinoi aeey nueiaiaeaiiy. Caa?iaiiy aei
oieinioi? inaioe I.TH?eaae/a aeiiiiiaea o aeyniaiii nooi i?ioeania
aoiaiicaoei? inaioe, a iaoeiai-oaioaoe/iiio aiaeici i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy
oieinioi? inaioe a Oe?a?ii. Oai?aoe/ii iieiaeaiiy i aeniiaee ?iaioe
iiaeooue ni?eyoe iiaeeaeaiiio aea/aiith aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aeioeieueii aeei?enoaoe:

— i?e iaienaiii iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo iiniaieeia c inoi?i? oieinioi?,
eo?niaeo i aeeieiiieo ?iaio;

— o aocianueeeo eo?nao c inoi?i? oe?a?inueei? oieinioi?, eoeueoo?e,
iaaeaaiaiee;

— i?e oeeaaeaiii eaeoeie i niaoeeo?nia c aoeee, oieinioi? inaioe,
oieinioi? ?aeiai?;

— i?e ?ic?iaoei iiaeo iaoiaeia aeeeaaeaiiy oieinioi?;

— o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiie ?iaioi.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Iniiaii oai?aoe/ii iieiaeaiiy i aeniiaee aeena?oaoei?
aoee aeeeaaeaii ia VIII-o i O-o oieinionueeeo Oaa?aeianueeeo /eoaiiyo
(Eueaia, 1996, 1998), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? “Aeaiie?aoe/ii
oeiiiinoi oe?a?inueeiai aeoiaaiiy” (Eueaia, 1997).

Iaea?aeaii ?acoeueoaoe aoee aeei?enoaii aaoi?ii aeey /eoaiiy eaeoeie i
oaeoeueoaoeao c i?iaeai inaioe i aeoiaaiiy o Eueaianueeiio iaeaniiio
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio iinoeoooi inaioe (1997-1998 ??.), iaaiai?thaaeenue
ia caniaeaiiyo eaoaae?e inoi?i? oieinioi? Eueaianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaa?neoaoo iiai? Iaaia O?aiea.

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae caaaeueiei ianyaii
2,1 ae.a., a oiio /ene? o o?ueio ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? ca??ieeo
iaoa??ae?a i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, aeaio
?icaeieia (yei iinoyoue ?acii /ioe?e iiae?icaeiee i aeaa’youe ioieoia),
aeniiaeia oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Ianya iniiaiiai
oaenoo aeena?oaoei? noaiiaeoue 177 noi?iiie, nienie eioa?aoo?e iinoeoue
253 iaeiaioaaiiy i neeaaea? 21 noi?iieo.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooii iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeueiinoue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/a?oueny
noai ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa e iniiaii caaaeaiiy
aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeacothoueny oaeiae ia’?eo i i?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy,
eiai oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ia iniiaa, ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia,
oai?aoe/ia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei “?aoeiiiaeueia i iica?aoeiiiaeueia o oieinionueeiio
iiciaiii” aeineiaeaeothoueny iiaeyaee I.TH?eaae/a ia oa?aeoa?
oieinionueeiai iiciaiiy, aca?iiaeith o iueiio ?aoeiiiaeueieo oa
aiioeieii-iinoe/ieo, oai?aoe/ieo i oeiiiinii-naioiaeyaeieo aeaiaioia, ia
nooiinoue oieinioi? ye iniaeeai? oi?ie aeooiaiiai inyaiaiiy naioo o ??
aiaeiioaiii aei iaoee i ?aeiai?.

O ia?oiio iiae?icaeiei “Nooue i caaaeaiiy oieinioi? ye “iaoee i?i aeoo”
aiaeico?oueny i?iaeaia iaoeiainoi oieinioi? oa niaoeeoiee oieinionueei?
?aoeiiiaeueiinoi o ?icoiiiii I.TH?eaae/a, eiai iioa?i?aoaoeiy iniiaieo
caaaeaiue i ooieoeie oieinioi? oa iiaeoiaee aei ioeiiee oieinionueeeo
nenoai iaeaaeicio i iaoa?iaeicio.

Iieacaii, ui ia oiii “aioeoieinionueeeo” iano?i?a OIO no. I.TH?eaae/
caoeua? naiiaooiinoue oieinioi?, ?? aiaeiiiiinoue aiae aiii?e/ii? iaoee.
Aii iaa?oioiao? oai?aoe/iee i i?aeoe/iee aie oei?? iniaeeai? “iaoee i?i
aeoo” aeoiaey/e c ?? iaiaoiaeiinoi a ethaenueeiio aeeooi, aenoaa? ia
ia?oee ieai, e?ii iaoiaeieiai/ii? i naioiaeyaeii?, oeiiiinii-?aaoeyoeaio
(aeniieiai/io) ooieoeith oieinioi? ye iaoee i?i ii?ie ethaenueei?
aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi (ii?ie ieneaiiy, aoooy i iiaaaeiiee). Oieinioiy
a?ae?iciy?oueny aiae iiceoeaieo iaoe oei, ui ia? nai?i i?aaeiaoii ia
yaeua, a nooiinoue, iia?o? ia iiiyooyie ?icnoaeeo, a iaeayie ?icoio.
I?eoaiaiia ?a?iiaenueeie oieinionueeie eoeueoo?i ?iciaaeoaaiiy ?icoio i
?icnoaeeo aeineoue ae?acia o oai?/inoi I.TH?eaae/a. ?icoi i ?icnoaeie
aiae?iciythoueny ca yeinieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (iaiaaeaiinoi ?icnoaeeo
i?ioenoi?oue oyaeiiiy ?icoio aei iiaiioe aeooiaiiai neioaco), aea oea ia
aeai ?icii caeaoiinoi, a ?icaeai?iiy iaeii??, oiio ui ?icoi noaiiaeoue
aaciaaeio iniiao ani?? iiciaaaeueii? aeiyeueiinoi ethaeeie. I.TH?eaae/
aiai?eoue i?i a?aaeaoeith iiciaaaeueieo iiaeeeainoae, i?i iinooiiaa
?ice?eooy iioaioeie ethaenueeiai ?icoio: aiae iiiyooy iaoee — /a?ac
oi?iaeueio iaeath ?aeiinoi (iaciiiiinoi, caaaeueiiai) iaoaoiceee — aei
iaee?iaaiiy aeui? nooiinoi ?a/ae o aeania oieinionueeie iaea? (iaea?
aeia?a aai aeaaa). Oieinionueea iaeay iinoeoue o niai ia eeoa
aano?aeoii-oai?aoe/iee, a e oeiiiinii-ii?iaoeaiee ciino. O i?e
aiaee?eaa?oueny “naio ye nenoaia aeeoo?aeo yaeu, niiaiaieo aeeooy i
e?ane, ciaoiaeyoue aeeao ?aeiinoue ?icoiiai, ii?aeueii oa anoaoe/ii
iioa?ane aeooo. Oieinionueea ni?eeiyooy ioiieth? anth ethaeeio — c ??
?icoiii i na?oeai — i ? neioacii iae?iciiiaiioiioeo
(eiaiei-aeeneo?neaieo oa iaoaoi?e/ii-iioo?oeaieo) caniaia inieneaiiy
naioiaoaeiae. Aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui I.TH?eaae/ o?aeoo?
oieinionueeo ?aoeiiiaeueiinoue, ?icoi oe?iei — ye oaeo ethaenueeo
caeaoiinoue, yea aeicaiey? aiaeii/an ciaoe naio ? ?icoiioe eiai,
i?iieeaoe a eiai niene. Oea iaaeeaea? I.TH?eaae/a aei no/anieo iiooeia
“iiai?”, “iaeeane/ii?” aai ae “?icoiith/i?” ?aoeiiiaeueiinoi, yea ia
i?inoi aiaeia?aaea? naio, a e iioa?i?aoo? eiai /a?ac oeiiiinii-nieneiao
i?ecio.

O ?iaioi iieacaii, ui nai??iaeiinoue iioa?i?aoaoei? I.TH?eaae/ai
i?e?iaee oieinioi? aecia/aia oaeeie aieiaieie aniaeoaie: 1)
ethaeeiiii?iinoth i?aaeiaoa oieinioi?, eiai ca’yceii c aeeaeie
iioa?anaie aeooo (iniaenoiai, iaoeiiiaeueiiai, aeooo aiioe); 2)
?icoe?aiei oyaeaiiyi i?i aaaaonoai i oeieueiinoue ethaenueeiai aeooo,
yeee ? /eiinue aieueoei iiae naiaeiiinoue aai iiciaaaeueia aeiyeueiinoue
i, e?ii aeoia ?icnoaeeiai-aeeneo?neaiiai ieneaiiy, aeeth/a? a naaa
?iciiiaiioiee niaeo? ia?aaeeaaiue i aieueiaeo iiioeuenia; 3) iaiaaaiiyi
ocaiaeeoe nain i i?ecia/aiiy oieinioi? c aeiiaaie caaaeueiiethaenueei?
naiaeiiinoi, yea ia? ?aeiaieio ni?yiiaaiinoue i iiaiioa yei?
iaii?aeioaaia c oi/iinoth oa eiai/iith iaa?oioiaaiinoth iaoeiaeo
aeniiaeia.

Aiaeico?oueny oaiiiai caaaeueiiethaenueei? naiaeiiinoi, iaeay yei? (ye
naioiai?, ?aeeii?, anacaaaeueii?) ia? aeaaii ei?aii o oieinionueeeo
a/aiiyo oa ?aeiaiyo naioo. I.TH?eaae/ ?icaeyaea? caaaeueiiethaenueeo
naiaeiiinoue ye nai??iaeia neie?aoe/ia aoieaiiy iae?iciiiaiioiioeo oi?i
aeooiaii? aeiyeueiinoi, ui ? niieueiith iniiaith aoaeaiii? naiaeiiinoi,
?aeiai?, ii?aei, iaoee i oieinioi?. Aiaeiiaiaeii aei oeueiai oieinioiy
ia i?ioenoaaey?oueny iioei oi?iai noniieueii? naiaeiiinoi, a aeeth/a? ?o
o naaa a i?aaiaiii iaaeeceoeny aei eiie?aoii? ethaeeie c ?? aaaaoei
aeeoo?aei naioii, aeeiio? aaaeeeao ooieoeith ocaiaeaeaiiy, iioaa?aoei?
anio oi?i ethaenueeiai aeinaiaeo — iiciaaaeueiiai, i?aeoe/iiai e
oeiiiiniiai. Aaoi? aaa/a? caneoao i iiaaoi?noai I.TH?eaae/a a oiio, ui
aii iaiaaaany caaaiooe oieinionueea iiciaiiy a onio eiai aaaaoia?aiieo
aeyaao — ye aniaeo aeeooy, neeaaeiao eoeueoo?e. O /ane e?ece oieinioi?
TH?eaae/ ia?aaeaa/ea iiaeaeueoi oeyoe ?? ?icaeoeo, caeieniea o nai?e
oai?/inoi aa?oo oaaae no/anieo oieinioia ni?iao neioaco ia’?eoeaiiai i
noa’?eoeaiiai, iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai i
oeiiiinii-naioiaeyaeiiai.Cacia/aii, ui a inoi?eei-oieinionueeie iaooei
inio? iaiaoiaeiinoue aea/aiiy aieeao I.TH?eaae/a ia A.Nieiaeiaa c eiai
iaeayie “oeieueiiai ciaiiy” oa oiiaa?naeueiiai neioaco iaoee, ?aeiai? i
oieinioi?, a oaeiae niianoaaeaiiy oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a oa ?inienueei?
oieinioi? ana?aeiinoi c iaeiiaioeie oieinoe/ieie oaiaeaioeiyie.

C ?icoiiiiy oieinioi? ye aioo?ioiuei? oeieueiinoi aeooo, aeey yei?
inoeia ia? ia aiae/oaeaii-oai?aoe/ia, a aeeaa, nooiinia cia/aiiy,
aeieeaathoue e?eoa?i? ioeiiee I.TH?eaae/ai oieinionueeeo nenoai.
Iaeaieueo nii?iaeiaiei I.TH?eaae/aai ? ieaoiiici, yeee ana ae
ia?ainieneth?oueny iei a iniaenoinii-oa?noe/iiio aeoni. Aei
i?aaenoaaieeia ni?aaaeiuei?, “aeeai?” oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/ ca?aoiao?
oaeiae Aaia, Eaeaiioea, Naaaeaiai?aa. Oieinioith A?inoioaey, Niiiice,
Aaaaey aii aiaeiineoue (ia caaaeaee iaa?oioiaaii) aei iaoaiinoe/iiai
naioiniiaeyaeaiiy, oieiaeiee aaciniaiaee ia’?eoeaici yeiai ?, ia eiai
aeoieo, naiae/aiiyi iaaeeoo?ainoi. O Aaaaey I.TH?eaae/ ia i?eeia?
iaieiaicio, iaeiiai/iiai o?aeooaaiiy iaea?, o Eaioa — neaioeoeecio oa
aaiinoeoeecio, ?iceiai i?ioenoaaeaiiy nooiinoi i yaeua, oai?aoe/iiai i
i?aeoe/iiai ?icoio. Aii i?iieeeeai aiaecia/a? iaaeieiee iaeaaeinoe/ii?
oieinioi? a oeieiio, yea ia? iaoee aei ioioiaeiaiiy aeooo i naiaeiiinoi
oa ?iciaaeoaaiiy iiae aiii?e/iei ? iaoaoice/iei ciaiiyi, neeeo?oueny
aeaanoe ciaiiy i?i naio c ia/ae oa iaeae /enoiai ai?ii?iiai ieneaiiy.
Caneoaa i?ioeeaaeiiai oieinionueeiai iai?yieo — ?aaeicio (e?aeiii aeyaii
yeiai I.TH?eaae/ aaaaea? iaoa?iaeici) a oiio, ui aii caa?oa? oaaao ia oi
oaeoe i iaoiaee, yeeie iaooo? iaeaaeinoe/ia oieinioiy, caoeua?
oeiiiinoue iaoeiai-aeineiaeiiai ciaiiy aeieniinoi.
Aoeueaa?ii-iaoaiinoe/iee iaoa?aeici (i?aaenoaaeaiee, cie?aia, o i?aoeyo
I.*a?ieoaanueeiai) caia?a/o? aeooiaii-iaeaaeueia ia/aei o naioi,
caiaeeoue aeui oi?ie aoooy aei ieae/eo (ineoieo aei oiciieiai?, aeooiaia
aei iaoa?iaeueiiai i o.ii.), a oiio ua aieueoa, iiae iaeaaeici, ia
aiaeiiaiaea? anaai/iei iioa?anai aeooo. Aeena?oaio ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui
I.TH?eaae/ ia iiaenoaai ia’?eoeaiiai aiaeico iiceoeaieo i iaaaoeaieo
noi?ii iaeaaeicio e iaoa?iaeicio i?eoiaeeoue aei caia?a/aiiy aoaeue-yeeo
e?aeiiuia o oieiniooaaiii, aei ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?aeiinoi iaoa?iaeinoe/ieo
oa iaeaaeinoe/ieo iiaeoiaeia o iiyniaiii aeieniinoi i aeciaiiy oiai, ui
caaaeaiiy O?aio inoeie aeiaaa? coneeue onueiai ethaenoaa o anaai/iiio
?ice?eooi eiai aeooiaieo iiaeeeainoae.

Ae?oaee iiae?icaeie “I?aaineaaia ?aeiaieia oieinioiy i “oieinioiy
na?oey” I.TH?eaae/a” i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo niiaaiaeiioaiiy ai?e i ?icoio
a oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a, a oaeiae ?iei na?oey, aiioeieiiai ia/aea o
oieinionueeiio iiciaiii. Oai?/inoue I.TH?eaae/a aiae?co?oueny a
eiioaenoi ?aeiaieii-oieinionueei?, cie?aia aeooiaii-aeaaeaii/ii?
oieinioi? OIO no. Cacia/aii, ui oieinionueeee oa?ci i?aaineaa’y,
i?aaenoaaieeii yeiai aoa I.TH?eaae/, ni?yiiaaiee ia i?eie?aiiy ciaiiy i
ai?e /a?ac ?iciaaeoaaiiy ?o noa?, a oaeiae ia iiaea?iicaoeith
i?aaineaaii? ai?e oeyoii iioaa?aoei? ?aeiai? i oieinioi?. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
I.TH?eaae/, aeoiaey/e c aeinaiaeiiai a?oioo i?aaineaa’y i caoeuath/e
eiai iioa?ane, iani?aaaei aieueiee aiae ?aeiaieiiai i?iaiioeiaeicio, o
nai?io i?aaiaiii ?aoeiiiaeicoaaoe ai?o oyaei? aei caoiaeii?
aiaineianueei? o?aaeeoei?. Ieneeoaeue ?icaeioa iiaeyaee ia ai?o ye ia
iniaeeao iiciaaaeueio neeo ethaenueeiai aeooo, yea, ooaa?aeaeoth/enue
ia?aaaaeii a na?oei, ciaoiaeeoue iia?oy e o ?icoii. Aii ia i?eeia?
Eaioiaiai aeciaiiy ai?e neiiith i ianaiaeiiith, aaaaeath/e, ui ai?a
ia?iaeaeo?oueny ia oieueee ic noa’?eoeaieo iio?aa ethaeeie, aea oaeiae
ic iiciaiiy i?e?iaee ?a/ae; aiia aeiiiaith? i?iaaeeie oi/iiai ciaiiy i
canai?iiy ?? inoei aeiaaa? na?eicii? ?icoiiai? i?aoei. C iaeyaeo ia oea
aeena?oaio ia iiaiaeaeo?oueny c aeniiaeaie Ae.*eaeaanueeiai i?i oa, ui
I.TH?eaae/aai ia aaeaeiny iaa?oiooaaoe caiaeo ciaiiy i ai?e a iaeiie
naiaeiiinoi, oa A.Oiaoa, yeee aaaaea?, ui I.TH?eaae/ o iaiaaaiii
i?iieeiooe c aeiiiiiaith ai?e aei oeieueiiai ciaiiy iioiiea ?icoi o
na?oei, ai ii’y na?oey i?eiecea ?icoi. Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui ocaiaeaeaiinoue
ciaiiy i ai?e a eiioeaioe?? I.TH?eaae/a coiiaeaia naiith i?e?iaeith
oieinionueeiai iiciaiiy, yea ia? neioaoe/iee oa?aeoa?, oiaoi iinoa?
aca?iiaei?th ?aoeiiiaeueieo, aiii?e/ieo oa aiioeieii-iinoe/ieo /eiieeia.
Aiaeiiaiaeii, ?icoi ia i?eieaeaiee, a oeoia/eoueny ye noeoiiinoue
?iciiiaiioieo iiciaaaeueieo nee ethaeeie.

Aeaei a aeena?oaoei? iiaeaii ei?ioeo inoi?ith na?oey ye nai??iaeii?
aiinaieiai/ii? eaoaai?i? o naioiaie i aio/eciyiie aeooiaiie o?aaeeoei?.
Aeacaii, ui iai?aoethaaiiy oe?a?inueei? “oieinioi? na?oey”
a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeiia?oei aeinyaaiiyi iaoee o i?aeoiaeao aei
ethaenueei? ineo?ee ? iiaeooue noaoe iiaeaaeeiith aeey oi?ioaaiiy iiai?
ia?aaeeaie ni?eeiyooy naioo. Aiioeaiee, noa’?eoeaii-i?eno?aniee aie
naiaeiiinoi, aea aiaeaoaathoueny aeooiaii-aiioeieii i?ioeane,
caeienith?oueny oeiiiinia iiciaiiy — oea, iiaeia neacaoe, no/aniee
caiiiiee iiiyooy “na?oea”, ye aiii aenooia? a aaaaoueio oe?a?inueeeo
ieneeoaeia-ei?aeioeaio?enoia, a oiio /enei i a I.TH?eaae/a.
Ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic “oieinioi? na?oey” I.TH?eaae/a i A.Neiai?iaee
iieacaa, ui a neiaiei/ii-ia?aciiio noeei ieneaiiy A.Neiai?iaee na?oea ?
iaoaoi?ith, a a ?aoeiiiaeueii-iaoaoice/ieo iiaoaeiaao I.TH?eaae/a aiii
iaae?a? oa?aeoa?o oieinionueeiai eiioeaioo. Nie?ath/enue ia aaoi?eoao
Na.Ienueia, a oaeiae aeei?enoiaoth/e ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue
a aaeoci ineoieiai? oa oiciieiai?, I.TH?eaae/ anaai/ii iaa?oioiao?
cia/aiiy na?oey a ethaenueeiio aeeooi, aiai?eoue i?i na?oea ye i?i
iioieia?/iee ei??iue aoooy ethaeeie ? ia?aaeoiiao iiciaiiy. A/aiiy
I.TH?eaae/a i?i ?ieue na?oey o iiciaiii iiaea aooe ae?aaeaia o aeaio
iaeaaaeeeaioeo oacao: 1) na?oea ae?aaea? i ?icoii? oaei aeooaaii noaie,
yei a neeo nai?? aeooiaiinoi e aeeoo?ainoi iaaeinooiii aeey
aiaenoi?iiaiiai ciaiiy ?icoio, oiaoi ia?aaeeaaiiy naioo aaaaooa aiae
ciaiiy i?i iueiai; 2) uia noaoe aeiyeueiith neeith aeooiaiiai aeeooy,
ciaiiy iiaeiii i?iieeiooe aei na?oey e oaieoe a oeieiniee noai aeooi,
ioaea i?ioean iiciaiiy aeeth/a? a naaa e aiaeiioaiiy aei iiciaaaieo
yaeu, ui icia/a? ?aeiinoue aiinaieiai/iiai e aeniieiai/iiai iiaeoiaeia a
inieneaiii aeieniinoi. “Ea?aeiiaiiniy” (I.A?iiia) I.TH?eaae/a aieueoa
noeey?oueny ia a iinoe/iee aie (ye o A.Neiai?iaee), a a
aiioeieii-ineoieiai/iee. (O nai?io ?icoiiiii oieinioi? oa oeyoia
iiciaiiy I.TH?eaae/ aiaeia?acea oa?aeoa?iee aeey aieueoinoi ieneeoaeia
“ee?anueei? oeiee” ineoieiaici). Na?oea a iueiai aiiua? ia eeoa aeuo,
aeooiaii-ei?aeioeaio?e/io, a e ieae/o, noa’?eoeaii-ineoieiai/io ciio
aioo?ioiueiai naioo ethaeeie, eiaeia c yeeo aeeiio? naith iaaio
ooieoeith o iiciaiii. Aeena?oaio i?iaiaeeoue aiaeiaith iiae caaaeueiei
a/aiiyi I.TH?eaae/a i?i iiciaiiy i eiai a/aiiyi i?i na?oea: ye iiiyooy
?icnoaeeo caeaoii ia?a?inoaoe a iaea? ?icoio, oae i ineoieiai/ii noaie
aeooi ia?a?inoathoue o ei?aeioeaio?e/ii noaie aeooo; ye ?icoi caaacia/o?
?aeiinoue onio iiciaaaeueieo caeaoiinoae, oae i na?oea ? iniiaith
?aeiinoi anio aeooaaii-aeooiaieo noaiia. Caaaeyee oeueiio iiaeeeaa
iaaieiia aaiethoeiy o iiciaiii i aeooiaiiio aaeineiiaeaiii.

O oieinioi? ?aeiai? I.TH?eaae/a na?oea ? i?e?iaeiith iniiaith
?aeiaieiinoi ethaeeie, iaae/a?iiei aeaea?aeii ?aeiaieii? ai?e,
?aeiaieiiai ii/oooy oa iaeaaaeeeaioei i?aaiii aiaiiiciaiiy i
aiainiieeoaaiiy. Iiciaiiy Aiaa I.TH?eaae/ ?icoii? o aeoni i?aaineaa’y —
ye iaiaeaiiy, ?aeiaiiy ethaeeie c Aiaii. Iiciaaaeueiith i ia’?aeioth/ith
neeith ooo aenooia? na?aea/ia ethaia. Aeiaaaeaii oiniee ca’ycie
“oieinioi? na?oey” I.TH?eaae/a c aiinaieiai/iith eiioeaioei?th
i?aaineaaiiai o?enoeyinoaa.

O ?icaeiei 2 “I?aeoe/ii aeii?e oieinioi?” aiaeico?oueny iinoaaeaia
I.TH?eaae/ai caaaeaiiy iaaeaoe oieinioi? i?aeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o oa
niiniae eiai ae?ioaiiy. Iieacaii, ui oieinioiy ii?aei oa oieinioiy
inaioe I.TH?eaae/a ? yne?aaeie aeyaaie i?aeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae
oieinioi?. ?icoiiiiy I.TH?eaae/ai oieinioi? ia eeoa ye oai?aoe/iiai
ciaiiy, a ye aeeoo?aoaeiaie/i? i?aeoe/ii? ioae?inoi aiaeiiaiaea? e?auei
o?aaeeoeiyi oe?a?inueeiai oieiniooaaiiy.

O ia?oiio iiae?icaeiei “Oieinioiy ii?aei” c’yniaaii, ui oieinionueea
oai?/inoue I.TH?eaae/a, iacaaaeath/e ia iaeaea iaeiicia/ia aeiiaaeaaia
?? aiaeianaiiy aei ?inienueei? eoeueoo?e, ? ae?aciei i?iyaii naioiaeyaeo
i ieneeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?ioeia. Aiia aoieeea a niai nooo?ai ?ene
oe?a?inueei? aeooiaiinoi: ei?aeioeaio?eci, ei?aeioeaio?e/io
?aeiaieiinoue, ia?niiaeinoe/ii-o?enoeyinueeee neeaae ieneaiiy c
i?eoaiaiiei eiio iaoinii iniaenoinoi e ia?aaaaith
aecenoaioeiaeueii-aio?iiieiai/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee. O oai?/inoi I.TH?eaae/a
aiaeia?aceeany aeanoeaa oe?a?inueeie oieinioi? oaiaeaioeiy aei aoecaoei?
oieinionueei? aeoiee, ui iaaoea cia/iiai iioe?aiiy o anie ?a?iiaenueeie
oieinioi? ae?oai? iieiaeie OIO no. — ye ?aaeoeiy ia ?aoeiiiaeinoe/ii
iaeaaee Iiaiai /ano i I?inaioieoeoaa. Aoeeo (iaoeo i?i ii?aeue)
I.TH?eaae/ o?aaeeoeieii o?aeoo? ye i?aeoe/io (ii?aeueio) oieinioith, ui
?acii c oai?aoe/iith oieinioi?th (eiaieith i iaoaoiceeith) noaiiaeoue
oeieinio nenoaio oieinioi?, o yeie ani aeaiaioe aca?iica’ycaii i
aca?iicoiiaeaii. Oieinioiy a oeieiio aei?aaaeiao? naaa eeoa a oiio
aeiaaeeo, eiee noaaeoue ca iaoo c’ynoaaiiy naino ethaenueeiai aoooy i
iioeiaeueieo oeyoia eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

Iiaeaeuaiee iioa?an I.TH?eaae/a aei i?iaeai ii?aei coiiaeaiee i eiai
?aeiaieieie onoaiiaeaie. Ieneeoaeue iaaieioo? ia aaaeeeaiio cia/aiii
o?enoeyinueei? ii?aei aeey iio?aa i?aeoe/ii? oieinioi?, eeaaea
o?enoeyinueeo caaaeueiiethaenueeo ii?aeue a iniiao nai??
oieinionueei-aoe/ii? nenoaie. C o?enoeyinueeiai iiaeyaeo I.TH?eaae/
iaa?oioiao? aaniethoiinoue i ai/iinoue ii?aeueieo oeiiiinoae, e?eoeeo?
ni?iuaii-iaoo?aeinoe/ia ?icoiiiiy ii?aeueiinoi. O iieaiioei c
I.*a?ieoaanueeei aii aeiaia iaaeinoaoiinoue i?e?iaeie/i-iaoeiaeo
iaoiaeia i iaiaoiaeiinoue oieinionueei? ?aoeaeni? aeey oeoia/aiiy yaeu
ii?aei. Aiaeii/an aeey oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey iai?eeiyoiei ? nooi
?aoeiiiaeinoe/iee iiaeoiae aei ii?aeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee, ?ai?acaioiaaiee
I.Eaioii. I?e oaeiio iiaeoiaei caeeoa?oueny iacaeieaiiith noia?a/iinoue
iiae ii?aeueii iaeaaeiei oa ii?aeueii aeieniei, yea iiaea aooe iiaeieaia
oieueee /a?ac inyaiaiiy ii?aeueiinoi ye ?aaeueiiai aooo?aiai i?ioeano.
“Oieinioiy na?oey” I.TH?eaae/a, ui aaco?oueny ia Na.Ienuei? i oai?ao
Iooeia oea?eae, caia?a/o? a aoeoei ooeeioa?eci i “?icoiiee aai?ci”, a
oaeiae oi?iaeici i ?eai?eci, aea? a?oioiaio aiaeiiaiaeue i?i iayaiinoue
o ethaenueeiio aeoni ia?aaeoiia aeey aacei?eneeaeo a/eieia i i?i
e?eoa?i? aeey ?o ii?aeueii? ioeiiee. Aoiaiinoe/iee ciino “oieinioi?
na?oey” a oiio, ui a iie aecia?oueny aacoiiaia oeiiiinoue eiaeii?
ethaenueei? iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoi, naiaiaea ?? naiiaecia/aiiy. Oey
oieinioiy i?iaieioo? na?oea iniiaith ii?aeueii? iniaenoinoi ethaeeie,
yea iaaeieaia inioaaiiyi o /ani e ai/iinoi i iioaioeieii aei?iaith?
/enoie aiaeanoaaiiie iniaenoinoi.

Aiaeic a/aiiy I.TH?eaae/a i?i ii?aeueio iniaenoinoue aeicaiey?
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oe?a?inueeee ieneeoaeue ia oieueee acya aeoeaio
o/anoue o caeieniaiii aio?iiieiai/iiai ia?aai?ioo a oieinioi? ae?oai?
iieiaeie OIO no., a e caaaeyee nai?i ia?niiaeinoe/iei aeoeaioai
iiia?aaeea ?icaeoie aeayeeo aio?iiieiai/ieo iai?yieia
(aecenoaioeiaeicio, ia?niiaeicio) o oieinioi? OO no. I?ioa caoaaaeaii,
ui o aaaaoueio iiiaioao (aeciaiiy aeaaee ethaeeie iaae niaith,
naiieiio?ieth ia iniiai naiinaiaeiiinoi, oeieani?yiiaaii? i?aaiicaoei?
aeeooy i o.ii.) I.TH?eaae/ caeeoa?oueny o iaaeao eeane/iiai ?icoiiiiy
ii?aeueiinoi, ia caia?a/o? aaaeeeai? ?iei ?icoio a ii?aeueiiio
noaiiaeaiii ethaeeie. Aii ae?acea o nai?e oai?/inoi oa?aeoa?iee aeey
oe?a?inueei? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e iaeaae ciaiioiuei? i aioo?ioiuei?
aa?iiii?, i?iaieinea ?iaiiaaao “aieiae” i na?oey, ?icoio i ai?e
caii?oeith ii?aeueii? oeieueiinoi iniaenoinoi. O aeena?oaoei?
aiaecia/aii, ui oieinioiy ii?aei I.TH?eaae/a ia ao?aoeea nai??
aeooaeueiinoi, aiia iiaea aooe caaeiyia i?e ?ica’ycaiii no/anieo i?iaeai
aoe/ii? oai?i? i ii?aeueii? i?aeoeee.

I?aeoe/iee iaeaae oieinioi? iieyaa? ia eeoa o iiaeeeainoi caeiaooe c ??
aeiiiiiaith ioae?inoue, inoeiia ciaiiy, a e iaa/eoe ethaeeio aeeoe
caiaeii c oeei ciaiiyi. Inue /iio oieinioe c iaeaeaaiioeo /ania iinoieii
caa?oaeeny aei i?iaeai inaioe, oieinioiy inaioe noaiiaeea iaaiae’?iiee
eiiiiiaio ?o nenoaiiiai ieneaiiy.

O ae?oaiio iiae?icaeiei ae?oaiai ?icaeieo, ui ia? iacao “Oieinioiy
inaioe”, ?icaeyaea?oueny caeieniaia o oieinionueei-iaaeaaiai/ieo i?aoeyo
I.TH?eaae/a canoinoaaiiy oieinionueeeo i?eioeeiia aei inaioiuei?
aeieniinoi. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaaeaaiaiea ? i?aaii/iei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi i
eiie?aoecaoei?th oieinionueeeo iaeae ieneeoaey, aenooia? ye i?eeeaaeia
oieinioiy. Iai?eeeaae, oieinionueea iaeay oeieiniinoi ethaenueeiai aeooo
ciaeoea nai? i?iaeiaaeaiiy a iaea? oeieinii? inaioe aeooo (inaioe
?icoio, na?oey i aiei). Nie?ath/enue ia caeiaooee ineoieiai/ii? iaoee, c
iaeiiai aieo, i o?enoeyinueeo aoeeo — c iioiai, I.TH?eaae/ aiin aaaaoi
iiaiai e i?eaiiaeueiiai o ?ic?iaeo oai?i? iaaeaaiaiee — aeeaeaeoeee,
iaoiaeeee, oai?i? aeoiaaiiy. Aii cai?iiiioaaa onaai/ia
eiaiei-ineoieiai/ia oa ii?aeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy inaioiueiai i?ioeano,
aecia/ea iniiaii caaaeaiiy iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy, aeoiaey/e c
iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae aeeoeie oa caaaeaiue ??
?icaeoeo. I.TH?eaae/ aiaeeeioa ooeeioa?ia iaiiaiaiiy ooieoeie inaioe,
iinoaaea a iniiao inaioiueiai i?ioeano ethaeeio ye naiioeiiio
iniaenoinoue, yea ?icaeaa?oueny iiae ai/ieie caeiiaie i ii?iaie i
?aeeiei iaeaaeii aeey c?inoaiiy yei? ? aiaeanoaaiia aeineiiaeinoue. C
ia?aeiiaiiy i?i ii?aeueiiniee oa?aeoa? inaioe, i?i inaioo ye
aeia?i/aniinoue aeieeaa? aeiiaa ?aeiaieiinoi iaa/aiiy oa ocaeaaeiaiiy
iaa/aiiy aiae o?enoeyinueeiai aeoiaaiiy, iaiaoiaeiinoue
iiaeii?yaeeoaaiiy ?icoio, na?oey i aiei iaeaeuie iaea? aeia?a. O
aeoiaaiii I.TH?eaae/, ye i A.Neiai?iaea, noi?oue ia iiceoeiyo
i?e?iaeiaiaeiiaiaeiinoi i ii?aeueii? naiaiaee, e?eoeeo? aioeaoiaiio
aaoi?eoa?io iaaeaaiaieo. Aii aea? aeania, aiaeiiiia aiae naionueeiai,
aea oa?aeoa?ia aeey aaaaoueio o?enoeyinueeeo ieneeoaeia ?icoiiiiy
aoiaiicio — ye aoiaiicio o?enoeyinueeiai, ui ia? iioeii
aeooiaii-ii?aeueii iiaeaaeeie. Aiaeiiaiaeii aoiaiicaoeiy inaioe — oea ??
ia?ai?i?ioaoeiy ia ii?aeueio iniaenoinoue ethaeeie c iaoith
iaeneiaeueiiai ?ice?eooy, aaeineiiaeaiiy i aa?iiiicaoei? anio ??
nooiinieo nee. I.TH?eaae/ aiaeeeioa iaeiiai/iee ?aoeiiiaeici oa
iioaeaeooaeici a inaioi, caia?a/ea aeiiao iiaii? naiaeiiinoi iaa/aiiy,
aenoioa nai? aa/aiiy ciaiiy ye oeieiai (o ?aeiinoi ?aoeiiiaeueieo oa
iica?aoeiiiaeueieo aeaiaioia), ui ia?aaoeo?oueny c iiciioeie
eiioeaioeiyie inaioiueiai (I.Oaea?), “aeeaiai” (N.O?aie, A.Cii/aiei),
iniaenoiniiai (I.Iieaii) ciaiiy. Iaaecae/aeii no/anieie ? i aeoiee
I.TH?eaae/a i?i iaiaoiaeiinoue aoiaiioa?ecaoei? inaioe oa iioaa?aoei?
iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiaoia. Aoiaiioa?ecaoeiy, ca TH?eaae/ai, ia?aaeaa/a?
iineeaio oaaao aei oae caaieo “aoiaiieo” iaoe, ciino yeeo ? iaee?iaaiiyi
ii?aeueiiai, ?aeiaieiiai e anoaoe/iiai aeeooy ethaenueeiai aeooo i
na?aae yeeo iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny oieinioi?. Iioaa?aoeiy — oea
iiaea/a aiaeiiinoae caiaeii i?aaii/iiai ca’yceo iaoe, aiaeiiaiaeii aei
?o nii?iaeiaiinoi a ?aeeiie aeuie inoeii, ui icia/a?
aca?iiaeiiiaithaaiinoue ?aeiaieiiai, oieinionueeiai i
eiie?aoii-iaoeiaiai ciaiiy. Iaa?oiooaaiiy inaioe ye aaaaoinoi?iiiueiai
i?ioeano aeooiaiiai noaiiaeaiiy ethaeeie, ui caeienith?oueny /a?ac
iiaeieaiiy aiae/oaeaiiy ciinoo inaioe aiae aeeai? ethaenueei?
iniaenoinoi i aiae ?? ii?aeueii? nooiinoi — canaiae/o? aoiaiinoe/io
ni?yiiaaiinoue oieinioi? inaioe I.TH?eaae/a, aeiaiaeeoue iaiaoiaeiinoue
?? iiaeaeueoiai aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy i aeei?enoaiiy ?? iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue i?e iiaoaeiai iiai? inaioiuei? nenoaie a Oe?a?ii.

O ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaiiai a ?iaioi aiaeico ?iaeyoueny aeniiaee, yei
iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio.

1. I.TH?eaae/ o nai?o ii?eoaaiiyo aeoiaeea ic eiie?aoiiai ?icoiiiiy
oieinioi?, yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny naiaeiiith ia?aeiiaiinoth a iniaeeaiio
i?ecia/aiii oieinioi? ye “iaoee i?i aeoo” oa ?? aaaeeeaie ?iei a
aeooiaiiio aeeooi ethaenoaa. E?ii iaoiaeieiai/ii? i naioiaeyaeii?
ooieoeie oieinioiy, ca I.TH?eaae/ai, aeeiio? ua e oeiiiinii-?aaoeyoeaio
(aenooia? iaoeith i?i ii?ie ethaenueei? aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi) oa
iioaa?aoeaio ooieoei? (? iina?aaeieoeath iiae iaoeith i ?aeiai?th,
ocaiaeaeo? ani oi?ie ethaenueeiai aeinaiaeo — aiii?e/iee, ?aoeiiiaeueiee
oa aiioeieii-iinoe/iee).

2. I.TH?eaae/ iaa?oioiao? oieinioith a ?? iniaeeaiio noaooni,
aiaeiiiiiio aiae iaoee, /a?ac ?icoe?aia oeoia/aiiy oieinionueei?
?aoeiiiaeueiinoi ye oaei?, ui aeicaiey? aiaeii/an ciaoe naio i ?icoiioe
eiai, i?iieeaoe a eiai niene. Aoieaiiyi oieinionueeiai ?icoio I.TH?eaae/
aaaaea? oieinionueeo iaeath, ui, ia aiaeiiio aiae iaoeiaiai iiiyooy,
iinoeoue o niai ia eeoa aano?aeoii-oai?aoe/iee, a e
oeiiiinii-ii?iaoeaiee ciino. O?einio?y ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oaea oi?ia
inieneaiiy ? ia?aaeeaaiiy ae?eniino?, oe?ii?nii-ii?aeueia onoaiiaea, ui
aecia/a? anth oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io ethaenueeo ae?yeuei?noue. ?noeia
aeoeoia/o?oueny aecenoaioe?eii, ye oe?e?nia iiae?y aoooy, ui
ia?iaeaeo?oueny a ?acoeueoao? oai?/i? aca?iiae?? ethaeeie c? na?oii.

3. Cacia/aii iiceoei? aeiiiiiaee I.TH?eaae/aai oieeiooe iaeaieueoeo
iaeiiai/iinoae iaeaaeicio oa ?aaeicio (iaoa?iaeicio), yei o nai?e
iaiaaeaiinoi i?aoaiaeothoue ia aeeeth/ia i?aai ia inoeio, i oeyoii
e?eoe/iiai aiaeico eiaeiiai c oeeo oieinionueeeo iai?yieia iieacaoe, ui
aiie ? oieueee iiiaioaie o oeieiniie aeoioei i?i naio, yea
aeaoaeiao?oueny coneeeyie anueiai ethaenoaa o iinooiiaiio ?ice?eooi eiai
aaaaoeo aeooiaieo iiaeeeainoae.

4. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeoiea i?i ei?aeioeaio?e/io ?aeiaieiinoue oieinioi?
I.TH?eaae/a, ?? nii?iaeiaiinoue c i?aaineaaii-o?enoeyinueeei a/aiiyi i?i
aiaiiiciaiiy i aiaeiiaiaeiinoue aaaaoiaieiaei o?aaeeoeiyi oe?a?inueei?
aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e. I.TH?eaae/ ye iinie oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiinoi
oyaei? aei neioace iiae Noiaeii i Caoiaeii, iiae caoiaeii-o?enoeyinueeei
iioaeaeooaeiciii i noiaeii-o?enoeyinueeei iinoeoeeciii. Oiio iiciaiiy
Aiaa ia oeyoo ethaiai i ?icoiiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy inoei ai?e ? aeey iueiai
i?aaii/ii ii?aeioaaieie o oeieiniiio ?aeiaieii-oieinionueeiio
naioiaeyaei.

5. Noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui “na?oea” a aiinaieiai? I.TH?eaae/a — oea
aiioeaii-i?eno?aniee aie naiaeiiinoi, aea caeienith?oueny oeiiiinia
iiciaiiy, ui aeiiiaith? iiciaiiy oai?aoe/ia. A aiioeieiiio ia?aaeeaaiii
i?aaeiao inyaa?oueny o anie oeieiniinoi i ethaenueeie cia/eiinoi, eiio
aiaee?eoi aeeaeiii ieanoe ?aaeueiinoi, iaaeinooiii aeey
eiaiei-aeeneo?neaiiai ieneaiiy. Aeaeieaii aeaa ?iaii “ea?aeiiaiini?”
I.TH?eaae/a — coa’?eoeaii-ineoieiai/iee i aeooiaii-ei?aeioeaio?e/iee,
yei, i?ioa, ia iathoue /ioeiai ?ic?iciaiiy o eiai oieinioi? a neeo
ceeooy a iie aeooaaiiai i aeooiaiiai.

6. ?aeiaieia oieinioiy I.TH?eaae/a, ii?aeioth/e a niai ?aoeaeneaiinoue
aeania oieinionueeiai naioiaeyaeo i i?aeoe/iinoue naioiaeyaeo
?aeiaieiiai, ? ia eeoa oai?aoe/iith, a e i?aeoe/iith. ?? i?aeoe/iinoue
iieyaa? ianaiia?aae o caa?iaiii aei i?iaeai ii?aei, a iaa?oiooaaiii
aaaeeeai? ?iei aaniethoieo i ai/ieo ii?aeueieo oeiiiinoae o?enoeyinoaa a
?aaeueiiio ethaenueeiio aeeooi. C iiceoeie “oieinioi? na?oey” I.TH?eaae/
caia?a/o? a aoeoei ooeeioa?eci i “?icoiiee aai?ci”, oi?iaeici i
?eai?eci, i?iaieioo? ?iaiiaaao “aieiae” i “na?oey” caii?oeith ii?aeueii?
oeieueiinoi iniaenoinoi.

7. Iaaeaaiaiea I.TH?eaae/a noaiiaeoue i?iaeiaaeaiiy i i?eeeaaeio
/anoeio eiai oieinioi?. Oea aea? iiaenoaae aiai?eoe i?i ?aeeio
oieinionueei-iaaeaaiai/io eiioeaioeith I.TH?eaae/a, ia?iaeiei eaiaiai
yei? ? iaeay oeieiniinoi ethaenueeiai aeooo oa anaai/iiai i aa?iiiieiiai
eiai ?ice?eooy — /a?ac oeieinio inaioo aeooo. Aiaecia/aii, ui
I.TH?eaae/ aeia?aaeea no/anii oaiaeaioei? aoiaiicaoei? oa
aoiaiioa?ecaoei? a inaioi, c?iaea inoioiee aeeaae o noaiiaeaiiy
oieinioi? inaioe ye iniaeeai? noa?e oieinionueeiai iioa?ano.

8. Oieinioiy I.TH?eaae/a ia aeeaaea?oueny o ?aiee iaaii?
iioaeaeooaeueii? o?aaeeoei?, ia? iciaee ye eeane/iiai, oae i
iaeeane/iiai oeiia oieiniooaaiiy. ?ice?eoi nii?iaeiaiinoue oieinioi?
I.TH?eaae/a c aecenoaioeiaeueii-ei?aeioeaio?e/iith eiii?th a
oe?a?inueeie i naioiaie oieinionueeie aeoioei, ?? aoiaiici; iieacaii
oaeiae naiacao/iinoue aeoiaeieo i?eioeeiia oei?? oieinioi? c oaia?ioiiie
iiooeaie “iiai?” ?aoeiiiaeueiinoi, c ooaa?aeaeoaaiei a no/aniie iaooei
oeieiniei iiaeoiaeii aei ineoi/ieo i ieneeoaeueieo no?oeoo? naiaeiiinoi.
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui cai?iiiiiaaia I.TH?eaae/ai iaa?oiooaaiiy
oeieiniiai ?aoeiiiaeueii-aiioeieiiai oa?aeoa?o oieinionueeiai
naioini?eeiyooy iiaea eyaoe a iniiao ianoia?a/eeaiai naioiaeyaeo, oae
iaiaoiaeiiai no/aniie ethaeeii i no/aniie eoeueoo?i.

Ei?ioei ie?aneththoueny iiaeaeueoi ia?niaeoeae aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaeaie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. A/aiiy Iaioiea TH?eaae/a i?i ii?aeueiee ?icaeoie ethaeeie //
Oieinionueea i iieioe/ia aeoiea a Oe?a?ii: o?aaeeoei? oa ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo. Ainiee Eueaianueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y noni?eueieo iaoe.
Aei.34. — Eueaia: Naio, 1996. — N. 55-61.— 0,4 ae.a.

2. Iaeay oeieinii? oieinioi? I.TH?eaae/a i no/aniinoue // Aoiaiioa?ia
inaioa: oaeoi? naioiai? iioaa?aoei?/ Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — *ano.I. — *a?iiaoei: Ieoaoeue, 1997.
— N. 113-119.— 0,4 ae.a.

3. Ineoieiai/ii iiaeyaee I.TH?eaae/a // Ethaeeia: noaiiaeaiiy oa
?icaeoie/ Oieinionueei iiooee. Aei.IV. — Eueaia — Iaeana: A-ai “Oeaio?
?a?iie”, 1997. — N. 293-297.— 0,3 ae.a.

4. Niiaaiaeiioaiiy iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy o oieinioi? iaaeaaiaiee
I.TH?eaae/a // Ee?anueei ia?i?. Ino.- oiein. ia?ene. — Ee?a: Noeein,
1997. — N. 267-273. — 0,4 ae.a.

5. Iaio?e TH?eaae/ i?i aea/aiiy iiae a oeie? c iiaeyaeo ?? cia/aiiy aeey
oe?e?nii? ina?oe aeooo // Oe?a?inueea iiaa oa e?oa?aoo?a. — *enei 4
(116), n?/aiue 1999. — N. 1-3. — 0,6 ae.a.

Aiioaoe?y

Eoae?ee E.A. Oieinioiy ye oeieinia naioini?eeiyooy a eiioeaioei?
I.TH?eaae/a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oieinionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 09.00.05 — inoi?iy oieinioi?. — Eueaianueeee
aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao iiai? Iaaia O?aiea, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia i?iaeaii oeieiniinoi oieinionueeiai
naioini?eeiyooy a iioa?i?aoaoei? I.TH?eaae/a. Ia iniiai aiaeico oai?/i?
niaaeueie I.TH?eaae/a aeyaeaii oa?aeoa?ii ?ene eiai eiioeaioei?
oieinioi?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniaeeaa noaiiaeua oieinioi? ye aeayei?
neioaoe/ii? oi?ie aeooiaii? aeiyeueiinoi ?icaeyaea?oueny I.TH?eaae/ai o
ieaii iina?aaeieoeoaa iiae iaoeith i ?aeiai?th, iiae iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iei
iiciaiiyi naioo i ?aeiaieii-oeiiiiniei eiai inyaiaiiyi. Oeieiniinoue
oieinionueeiai naioini?eeiyooy i?iyaey?oueny a oiio, ui aiii ia
aoaeo?oueny ia ia?ica’ycieo aioeiiiiyo /e aioaaiiiciao, a aeoiaeeoue c
aeeaeiii? nii?iaeiaiinoi anueiai inioth/iai, ianoia?a/eeainoi i
aca?iiaeiiiaithaaiinoi iiciaaaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ethaeeie, iinoa?
?aeiinoth oieiniooaaiiy i aeeooy.

Eeth/iai neiaa: iaeay, ?icoi, na?oea, ei?aeioeaio?e/ia ?aeiaieiinoue,
ii?aeueia iniaenoinoue, inaioa aeooo.

Eoae?ee E.A. Oeeinioey eae oeaeinoiia ie?iaini?eyoea a eiioeaioeee
I.TH?eaae/a. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.05 — enoi?ey oeeinioee. — Eueaianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Eaaia O?aiei, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia oeaeinoiinoe oeeinioneiai
ie?iaini?eyoey a eioa?i?aoaoeee I.TH?eaae/a. Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca
oai?/aneiai ianeaaeey I.TH?eaae/a auyaeaiu ioee/eoaeueiua /a?ou aai
eiioeaioeee oeeinioee, eioi?ay aia?aua noaea i?aaeiaoii niaoeeaeueiiai
enoi?eei-oeeinioneiai ?anniio?aiey.

I?eiaiaiea oeaeinoiiai iiaeoiaea aeaei aiciiaeiinoue ananoi?iiia
?ane?uoue acaeyaeu I.TH?eaae/a, eanathueany oeaeinoiiai oa?aeoa?a
oeeinioneiai ie?iaini?eyoey. I.TH?eaae/ noi?ie?iaae i?aaenoaaeaiea i
oeeinioee eae “iaoea i aeooa”, eioi?ay caaea?o ii?iu oai?aoe/aneie e
i?aeoe/aneie /aeiaa/aneie aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe, aunooiaao a ?iee
iin?aaeieea iaaeaeo iaoeie e ?aeeaeae, eioaa?e?oao e niaeaniauaaao ana
oi?iu iiuoa — yiie?e/aneee, ?aoeeiiaeueiue e yiioeeiiaeueii-ienoe/aneee.

Aii?aee “aioeoeeinioneei” iano?iaieyi naiaai a?aiaie I.TH?eaae/
ionoaeaae oeeinioeth a aeoaieii cia/aiee yoiai neiaa, a a? iniaaiiii
noaoona,ioee/iii io iaoee. Aeaeaaony yoi ioo?i ?anoe?aiiiai enoieeiaaiey
oeeinioneie ?aoeeiiaeueiinoe eae oaeiaie, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao
iaeiia?aiaiii ciaiea e iiieiaiea ie?a, i?iieeiiaaiea a aai aeoaeiiue
niune. Oeeinioneay eaeay, eioi?oth I.TH?eaae/ n/eoaao iaeaunoei
aiieiuaieai ?acoia, yaeyaony naeaeaoaeuenoaii aiaaoie aeecie aeooa,
eiioeaio?e?iaaiui au?aaeaieai aai ii?aeueiuo, ynoaoe/aneeo e yoe/aneeo
no?aieaiee. Iiciaiea i?aaenoa?o eae aniaeo naiie aeecie, enoeia – eae
oeaeinoiia niauoea auoey, ?iaeaeathuaany a ?acoeueoaoa oai?/aneiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey /aeiaaea n ie?ii.

?oeiaiaenoaoynue e?eoa?eyie oeaeinoiinoe e aeooiaiinoe, I.TH?eaae/
ioeaieaaao oeeinioneea nenoaiu eaeaaeecia e iaoa?eaeecia. Ii noiae
iauaeoeaii iieacaoue aeinoieinoaa e iaaeinoaoee ?aaeenoe/aneiai
(iaoa?eaeenoe/aneiai) e eaeaaeenoe/aneiai ie?iiiieiaiey e oai naiui
iiaeiyoueny iaae aeeoioiieae “eaeaaeeci — iaoa?eaeeci”, ia/a?oeoue
auoiae ec ia?, eioi?ue caeeth/aaony ai acaeiiaeiiieieoaeueiinoe
?acee/iuo iiaeoiaeia a iinoeaeaiee aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Oeeinioey I.TH?eaae/a ?anniao?eaaaony a eiioaenoa
aeooiaii-aeaaeaie/aneie iunee XIX aaea, aiaeece?oaony niioiioaiea a iae
ciaiey e aa?u. Iieacaii, /oi I.TH?eaae/ eae i?aaenoaaeoaeue oeeinioneiai
oaecia i?aaineaaey iaoeaeai ia oieueei ia i?eie?aiea ciaiey e aa?u ioo?i
?aca?aie/aiey eo iaeanoae, ii e ia iiaea?iecaoeeth i?aaineaaey /a?ac
?aoeeiiaeecaoeeth aa?u. Ioia/aia oe?ioa ?aeeaeiciuo acaeyaeia
I.TH?eaae/a, aai oyaioaiea e neioaco caiaaeiio?enoeaineiai
eioaeeaeooaeecia e ainoi/iio?enoeaineiai ienoeoeecia.

Enneaaeoaony ?ieue na?aeoea a aiinaieiaee I.TH?eaae/a. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
na?oea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie yiioeaioth noi?iio niciaiey. A
yiioeeiiaeueiii ia?aaeeaaiee ie? iinoeaaaony ai anae oeaeinoiinoe e
/aeiaa/aneie cia/eiinoe, aio ioe?uou aeoaeiu, iaaeinooiiua aeey
eiaeei-aeeneo?neaiiai iuoeaiey.

Aiaeece?oaony iinoaaeaiiay I.TH?eaae/ai caaea/a i?eaeaoue oeeinioee
i?aeoe/aneee oa?aeoa? e niiniau a? ?aoaiey. Iiieiaiea iuneeoaeai
oeeinioee ia oieueei eae oai?aoe/aneiai ciaiey, a eae i?aeoe/aneie
ioae?inoe niioaaonoaoao eo/oei o?aaeeoeeyi oe?aeineiai oeeinionoaiaaiey.

A oeeinioee ii?aee,eioi?ay yaeyaony y?eei aiieiuaieai i?aeoe/aneeo
aiciiaeiinoae oeeinioee, I.TH?eaae/ caueuaao iacaiaieioth ?ieue
aaniethoiuo e aa/iuo ii?aeueiuo oeaiiinoae o?enoeainoaa a aeecie
eiie?aoiiai /aeiaaea. N iiceoeee “oeeinioee na?aeoea” ii ia i?eieiaao
ooeeeoa?ecia e “?acoiiiai yaiecia “ a ii?aee, iieaiece?oy n yoe/aneeie
acaeyaeaie I.*a?iuoaaneiai, io?eoeaao oi?iaeeci e ?eai?eci yoeee Eaioa,
i?iaicaeaoaao ?aaiiaanea “aieiau” e “na?aeoea” aa?aioeae ii?aeueiie
oeaeueiinoe ee/iinoe.

I?aaeiaoii iniaiai ?anniio?aiey noaea oeeinioey ia?aciaaiey I.TH?eaae/a.
Aai iaaeaaiae/aneea acaeyaeu i?aaenoaaeaiu eae i?iaeieaeaiea e
eiie?aoecaoeey oeeinioneeo eaeae e i?eioeeiia. A oeaio?
ia?aciaaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna I.TH?eaae/ noaaeo /aeiaaea eae
naiiaeiaeathuoth ii?aeueioth ee/iinoue, i?aaeainoeuay nia?aiaiiua
oaiaeaioeee aoiaiecaoeee e aoiaieoa?ecaoeee ia?aciaaiey.

Aeaeaaony auaiae i oii, /oi I.TH?eaae/ eniieueciaae a nai?i oai?/anoaa
onoaiiaee eae eeanne/aneiai, oae e iaeeanne/aneiai oeiia
oeeinionoaiaaiey. Oeeinioey a aai eiioeaioeee ioee/aaony oe?ioie e
iiiaiieaiiainoueth iinoeaeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, iao?aaeeoeeiiiinoueth
e oeaeinoiinoueth ie?iaini?eyoey, iaoiaeieiae/aneei ieth?aeeciii,
aieueoei aeooiaiui e aeeciaoai?/aneei iioaioeeaeii. Aeaaiaea?y yoiio
acaeyaeu I.TH?eaae/a ia onoa?aee, iie nio?aiytho naith cia/eiinoue aeey
nia?aiaiiuo i?ioeannia eioaa?aoeee eoeueoo?u e ia iioa?ytho
aeooaeueiinoe e a aoaeouai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaeay, ?acoi, na?aeoea, ei?aeioeaio?e/aneay
?aeeaeiciinoue, ii?aeueiay ee/iinoue, ia?aciaaiea aeooa.

Summary

Kudryk L.H. Philosophy as an integral perception of the World in
P.Yurkevich’s conception. — Manuskript.

The dissertation for the Candidate’s degree in philosophy, speciality
09.00.05 — History of philosophy. — Ivan Franko Lviv State University,
Lviv, 1999.

The thesis deals with the problem of the integral philosophical
perception of the World in P.Yurkevich’s interpretation. P. Yurkevich’s
conception of philosophy is clearly traced in his creative heritage. The
strategy of P.Yurkevich’s conception is based on his understanding of
philosophy as a synthetic form of spiritual activities. His arguments
are quite convincing to place philosophy between science and religion,
between scientifically-based perception of the World and
religiously-oriented cognition of it. The integrity of the philosophical
cognition of the World is demonstrated by its deep community of the
existing reality, non-contradiction and co-supplementation. It cannot be
based on antinomies or antagonisms. It presents the unity of
philosophising and life.

Key words: idea, mind, heart, cordially-centred religiousness, moral
person, spirit’s education.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 19.03.1999 ?.

Niin?a ae?oeo — ??cia?ao?y. Oi?iao 60o80/16.

Ianya 1 ae?oe. a?e. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

AEI o??ia “AIN”

i.Euea?a, aoe. Eeiiaa Aeay, 9

oae. (0322) 42-10-41, 42-10-46

in philosophy, speciality 09.00.05

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