?inoeooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie

OAeE 801.3;
801.6; 82.085

Aea?ea/ Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/

O?eieia?/ia oa?i?iieia?y I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa a nenoai? oe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai? oa?i?iieia?? e?ioey XIX – ii/aoeo XX no.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?

?AAOOAANUeEEE ?.N.,

N?ioa?iiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?inoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I. Iioaai?, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

*A?OI?ECUeEA O. E.

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee aeeeaaea/

Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”

EOIUe* C. E.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a noee?noeee
oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 15-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.172.01 aeey caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
i?e ?inoeooo? iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 20 ” n?/iy 1999  ?ieo

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I.A.ICA?IAA

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Iniaeno?niee aniaeo aea/aiiy iiae iaaoa iioe?aiiy o 80–90o ?ieao XX
noie?ooy, ine?eueee ia iiaeia oyaeoe oeyoe ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae aac i?aeoe/ii? iiaii? ae?yeueiino? ?? i?ia?aeieo
aeaeaoieo iin??a, o/aniee?a eoeueoo?ioai?/iai i?ioeano, o ?iaio? yeeo
ii?aeiothoueny caaaeueiiiiai? oaiaeaioe?? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueea
iiaia iiaaae?iea.

Iaeiei ?c aeooaeueieo iai?yie?a iiaiiiniaeno?nieo aeine?aeaeaiue a
oe?a?i?noeoe? ? aea/aiiy ?ie? e i?noey ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?ieo ae?y/?a o
i?ioean? oa?i?iioai?aiiy. Oae, aea/aeany iaoeiaa oa?i?iieia?y o oai?ao
A.Neiai?iaee (E. Aiaothe, Ae. Ee?ee), ?. Aeoainueeiai (TH. Ea?iaiei);
iiaiciaa/a, e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a (?. ?aaooaanueeee, I. O?inoiaii),
o?einionueea (Ae. Ee?ee), aeiiii?/ia (O. Iaiueei) oa?i?iieia?y o i?aoeyo
?.ss. O?aiea; e?iaa?noe/ia oa?i?iieia?y I.I. Iioaai? (?. Aaeaiei);
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ia oa?i?iieia?y I. A?ooaanueeiai (O. Iaiueei);
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a oa?i?iieia?y ss.O. Aieiaaoeueeiai,
?.Ia/oy-Eaaeoeueeiai, I.TH. Eiaeeyinueei?, I.A. A?aaianueeiai,
I.I. Eioethaeinueeiai, I.E. E?iieaieoeueeiai, I. Noa?eoeueeiai, ?.E.
Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, ?.E. Ieeeoaiea, Ean? Oe?a?iee (?. ?aaooaanueeee).

Oe?eaaith ? ia aeine?aeaeaiith aei nueiaiaei? ? e iaoaiiaa I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, yeee aaaaoi c?iaea aeey ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii?,
noni?euenoaiciaa/i?, i?aaiai? oa o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? o ia??iae
70-90-o ?ie?a XIX no., eiee eoeiny i?i noai?aiiy caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
iaoeiai? iiae, i?i ae?iaeaiiy aeania oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iieia??.

Oaaaa aeine?aeiee?a aei i?aoeue I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa c iiaeyaeo eiai
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aianeo o ?icaeoie iiai? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
iiae aeoea?coaaeanue o 90-o ?ieao XX no. i?ae aieeaii
aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieo i?e/ei, iia’ycaieo c ooaa?aeaeaiiyi oe?a?inueei?
iiae ye aea?aeaaii?, iineeaiiyi ?ioa?ano aei iaoe?iiaeueiiiiaieo
iaaeaaiue.

Eoeiny ianaiia?aae i?i ?ieue I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa o oi?ioaaii? iaoeiaiai oa
ioae?oeenoe/iiai noee?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, ?icoe?aii? e
ii?iae?caoe?? iaoeiai-oa?i?iieia?/ii? eaeneee, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe??
eieaeii? oe?a?inueei? iiae oa?i?iieia?/ieie iiaiaaaaeaiiyie; o
i?aeianaii? oe?a?inueei? iiae aei ??aiy aea?aeaaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia; o
ae?iaeaii? canaae iaoe?iiaeueii? ??aeiiiiaii? ina?oe, ?aeeiiai
oe?a?inueeiai i?aaiieno (I. AEiaoia?tho, A. Iineaeaiei, I. Io?iioeaaa,
O. Iaiueei, I. Aoca?).

Caoaaaeoaaee aeine?aeieee i?i aianie I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa o ?icaeoie i?i
aianie I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa o ?icaeoie ?noi?e/ii?, noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii?
oa?i?iieia?? (O. Iaiueei, ?. Aiaothe), cao?enoaaee ie?ai? iiaiciaa/?,
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/? oa?i?ie (I. AEiaoia?tho, I. Io?iioeaaa, O. Iaiueei,
A. Caoa?/ei).

Ioaea, iaoaiiaa I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ua ia aea/aeany c iiaeyaeo nenoaiiino?
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo ca’yce?a: Iaia? a oe?a?i?noeoe? e iiaiiai oyaeaiiy
i?i oeie e oa?aeoa? oa?i?iieaenai ? iiiaieeaoo? eiai e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i?,
oieueeei?enoe/ii? ? iiaiciaa/i? oa?i?iieia?? ?c a?aooaaiiyi iiaeyae?a
iaoeiaoey-ioae?oeenoa.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia a?aenooi?noth niaoe?aeueieo
i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia??
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa; oei, ui oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a oa?i?iieia?y ua
ia aea/aeany anaa?/ii e aeaoaeueii, a ? oa?i?iinenoaiith c aeaaiueith
o?aaeeoe??th aaeeaaiiy e oaeith, ui oe?iei ?ai?acaioiaaia a
eaeneeia?ao?/ieo, o?einionueeeo, aiaineianueei-aeeaeaeoe/ieo,
?noi?eei-ioae?oeenoe/ieo, iieai?/ieo, iaoeiai-iiioey?ieo, iaa/aeueieo
oiui aeaea?aeao, o ooaeiaei?e e?oa?aoo??.

A oe?a?inuee?e o?eieia?? ua ia aena?oeaia i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiiy
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? oa oieueeei?enoe/ii? oa?i?iieia??, ui iia’ycaia ?c
oi?ioaaiiyi iiai? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae o ia?o?e iieiaei? XIX
no.; a oaeiae iaaeinoaoiuei ioiieaii ia??iae oi?ioaaiiy ?? ye
eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? nenoaie a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XIX no. O ca’yceo c oeei
iaaeinoaoiuei ioe?iaia ?ieue I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa a ?ioaeaeooae?caoe??
oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? iiae XIX no., iaoeiai-oa?i?iieia?/ia nenoaii?noue
eiai ?iaioe.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo,
oieueeei?enoe/ieo ? iiaiciaa/eo oa?i?i?a oa iiiaieeaoo? a
ae?aaiiai?anueeiio aaeeaaii?; aiae?c ?o naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e e
aecia/aiiy i?noey ? ?ie? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa o noaiiaeaii? oe?a?inueei?
o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia??.

Iaoa ?iaioe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— aea/eoe nieneia?, eaeneei-aaiaoe/i? oa no?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? oa?i?i?a
o iaaeao oaiaoe/ieo a?oi, ui ?ai?acaioiaai? o i?aoeyo I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa;

— i?inoaaeeoe ?icaeoie iaoaiiae o/aiiai-ioae?oeenoa i?ioyaii eiai
ae?yeueiino?;

— aecia/eoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo oa ??aeiiiiaieo
oa?i?iiaeaiaio?a o iaoeia?e iia? I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa;

— aeyaeoe iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy o?eieia?/ieo oa?i?i?a
aeine?aeaeoaaii? iiaii? iniaenoino? o iine?aeiaiee?a oa a no/anieo
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/?e, oieueeei?enoe/i?e oa iiaiciaa/?e oa?i?iinenoaiao.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ona?aeiieaiiy aca?iica’yceo
iiae oa ?noi??? iaoe??, iiaii? iniaenoino? c ?icaeoeii e?oa?aoo?ii?
iiae, a oaeiae ?icoi?iiy iiae ye nenoaie aca?iiiia’ycaieo ?
aca?iicoiiaeaieo iaeeieoeue.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?iaio? ye iniiaiee aeei?enoiao?oueny iieniaee
iaoiae, ui ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac i?eeiie e?iaa?noe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy,
ii??aiyiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy. Aeiiii?aeieie ? iaoiaee neio?iiieo c??c?a oa
noaoenoe/iee.

Aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aeii aeey aeena?oaoe?? noaee aeecueei
1000 oa?i?i?a ? iiiaieeaoo?, cao?eniaaieo o e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo,
oieueeei?enoe/ieo, aoiia?ao?/ieo oa ioae?oeenoe/ieo noaooyo, ?ica?aeeao
? eenooaaii? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa: “E?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/i? i?aoe? o
aeaio oiiao” (E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1970), “Aea?aia” (E.: Eea?aeue, 1991),
“Eenooaaiiy ?. O?aiea ? I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa” (E., 1928), “Ia?aienea I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa c I. Iaaeeeii” (Euea?a — *a?i?aoe?, 1910-1912).

Ea?oeoaaiith i?aeeyaaee noaoo? oa eenoe, iaienai? oe?a?inueeith iiaith.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aieeao o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iinenoaie
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia iaoeiao iiao ianooiiee?a aeei?enoaii “Neiaiee
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oa?i?i?a ?aaia O?aiea” N.I. I?i/oea oa ?.N.
?aaooaanueeiai (E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1966), “Neiaiee e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo
oa?i?i?a” A. Eaneia oa N.Ioeeioey, OEA.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui aia?oa ia’?eoii ??oioiaiiai
?noi?eei-eaeneeieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaea iaoaiiaa I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, cie?aia aaeeaaia iei o?eieia?/ia oa?i?iieia?y, cia/io
/anoeio yei? noaiiaeoue e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a eaeneea. O aeena?oaoe??
aea/athoueny nenoaii? a?iii?i?/i? ca’ycee, iienothoueny
eaeneei-aaiaoe/i? oa no?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? oa?i?i?a o iaaeao
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaoeiai? iiae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiaiththoue
ciaiiy i?i oeyoe oa?i?iieia?/iiai ii?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
iiae c o?aooaaiiyi ?ie? iiaii? iniaenoino? a ?noi??? iaoe?iiaeueii?
iiae; i?i naiaioe/io e no?oeoo?io i?aai?caoe?th, noai ?icaeoeo
o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XIX no. ia i?eeeaae?
oai?/ino? I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui c?a?aiee ? iienaiee
iaoa??ae iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey iiaeaeueoiai eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? oa oieueeei?enoe/ii? oa?i?iieia??, aeey oeeaaeaiiy
?noi?e/iiai neiaieea oe?a?inueei? o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia??.
Niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy, c?iaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii?, iiaeia
aeei?enoaoe i?e aeeeaaeaii? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae,
noai?aii? niaoeeo?n?a c oa?i?iiciaanoaa, iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Naiaioeea iiae ? oaenoo”
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1993), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue” (Ee?a, 1996), i?ae /an
eiioa?aioe?? “Ooieoeeiiaeueiay eeiaaenoeea” (N?ioa?iiieue, 1995), ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

??ci? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a?aeia?aaeai? o oanoe
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1. O?eieia?/ia oa?i?iieia?y, cana?ae/aia a oai?/?e niaaeuei? I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, noaiiaeoue ?ioa?an aeey aecia/aiiy ?ie? a/aiiai o
noaiiaeaii? oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iinenoaie.

2. Iieacieeii iaaii? ?icaeiooino? o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? ae?oai?
iieiaeie XIX no. ? aeyaeaiiy a?iii?i?/ieo ca’yce?a, iniiaieo
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo i?ioean?a (iie?nai?y, neiii?i?y).

3. Oa?i?iieia?y, oaeeaaia I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaei, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aaiaoe/iith ??cii??aei?noth ?? iaeeieoeue, aca?iiae??th
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo oa ??aeiiiiaieo oa?i?iiaeaiaio?a, ui coiiaeththoueny
iiaieie oa iicaiiaieie /eiieeaie.

4. No?oeoo?a o?eieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa a?aeaeaa?
i?ioean niaoe?ae?caoe?? ne?a ? neiainiieo/aiue.

5. Cia/iee aieea ia aeni?aneai?noue ae?aaiiai?anueeiai oa?i?iiaaeeaaiiy
ia? aeai? ioae?oeenoe/ii? i?ice.

6. O?eieia?/ia oa?i?iieia?y I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, ca iaaaeeeeie aeiyoeaie,
a?aeiia?aea? neeaaeo no/anieo e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo, oieueeei?enoe/ieo oa
iiaiciaa/eo oa?i?iinenoai.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 184 noi??iee. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e (117 iaeiaioaaiue) oa aeiaeaoea “Neiaiee o?eieia?/ieo
oa?i?i?a I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa”.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? noenei aena?oeaii nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoaiiae oeo /e ?ioeo
e?oa?aoo?ieo oa iaoeiaeo ae?y/?a Oe?a?ie; noai ? aniaeoe aea/aiiy
oai?/i? niaaeueie I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa iiaiciaaoeyie ae?oai? iieiaeie XX
no., ia i?aenoaa? /iai e ia??oioiaothoueny aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, ??
iaoeiaa iiaecia e iaoa e iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, oai?aoe/ia e
i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai?iaaoe?y eiai ?acoeueoao?a. Ooo
iiaeai? aeaea?aea oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, aecia/ai? iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa
oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy,
aeianai? ia caoeno.

I ?icae?e “Oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaie e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oa oieueeei?enoe/ieo
oa?i?i?a oai?/i? niaaeueie I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa” ia’?aeio? o?e i?ae?icae?ee,
o yeeo i?aaenoaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaiaoe/ieo a?oi,
eaeneei-naiaioe/iee, eaeneei-aaiaoe/iee ? no?oeoo?iee aiae?c
ianoaaeoaaiiai oeio oa?i?iieaenai.

I?e oeueiio ia ?iciaaeiaothoueny aeania oa?i?ie e iienia? iacae
e?oa?aoo?ieo yaeu, a yeiiiaa iiaii ?ai?acaioo?oueny nenoaia iaoaiiae
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Eeaneo?eaoe?y ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaiaoe/ieo a?oi oa
eaeneei-naiaioe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oa?i?i?a” iienaia
iae/eneaii?oa a?oia niaoe?aeueieo ne?a. O oai?ao I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa
cao?eniaaii 800 e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oa?i?i?a ? iiiaieeaoo?, ui iia’ycai?
i?aeoe/ii c on?ia ?icae?eaie oe??? iaoee e a?aeia?aaeathoue noai oa
??ciiiai?oi? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iaoeiai? oa?i?iieia?? a oe?a?inuee?e
e?oa?aoo?i?e iia? ae?oai? iieiaeie XIX no. A?eueo?noue ?c ieo
ooieoe?iiaeuei? e o no/ani?e iaoeia?e iia?.

Oae, o a?oi? “oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e ye ienoaoeoaa neiaa”
a?aecia/a?oueny aeoeai?noue a?ia?ii?ia e?oa?aoo?a ii?yae ?c a?iii?iaie
aaeao?enoeea e ienueiainoai, ui aaea a na?aaeei? XIX no. aeo?niyee
oa?i?i neiaani?noue. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iae/ano?oa oa?i?i e?oa?aoo?a
? eiiiiiaioii iiiaieeaoo? (aeecueei 40) ia c?acie oe?a?inueea
e?oa?aoo?a, ana?onueea e?oa?aoo?a,
aano?i-oa?i-oi?yonueei-ao?naoeueei-?onueea e?oa?aoo?a, na?onueea
e?oa?aoo?a. Iaaia /anoeia ?o aeeoea c oaeeoeo o ca’yceo c? ci?iith
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo oiia. Ie?ai? iiiaieeaoo?e ia no/aniiio aoai?
iathoue aeaui ?ioa cia/aiiy, ye-io niieoea aaeeoeueea e?oa?aoo?a iei?
o?eueee aeaco? ia oa?eoi??aeueio iaeaaei?noue a?aeiia?aeieo oai??a, a ia
i?iaeaiaoeeo oai??a, i?i yeo eoeiny o I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa. Neiii?i?/ieie aei
ieo ? iacae ?onueea ienueiainoai, iiaoe/ia ienueiainoai oiui.

Neeaaeia? a?oie “oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo iai?yie?a ? oa/?e”
a?aeia?aaeathoue niaoeeo?eo ?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?e a ?in?? oa
Aano?i-Oai?uei?, a oaeiae a ?ioeo ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao. A iaeieo
eiioaenoao aaeeaathoueny oa?i?ie ia iicia/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ii-anoaoe/ieo
yaeu, ui aaea ao?a/aee nai? iiceoe?? (eeaneoeeci, ?iiaioeci,
naioeiaioae?ci), a a ?ioeo eaeaoueny i?i ci?oeiaiiy ?aae?cio, iioe?aiiy
iaoo?ae?cio oiui. sse a?eueo?noue e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oa?i?i?a, oe?
aaeeaathoueny o neeaae? iiiaieeaoo? ?c ??ciith eaae?o?eaoe?eiith iaoith:
/e oi aeey aeie?aieaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeeo iniaeeainoae
iai?yieo (a?theeianueei-aeaaeai?/iee eeaneoeeci, iaoo?ae?ci Ciey), /e oi
aeey iicia/aiiy i?ia?aeieo oaiaoe/ii-noeeueiaeo oa/?e (aioe/iee
?iiaioeci, ?aae?ci ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e, nioe?aeueiee ?aae?ci,
iaoe?iiaeueiee iaoo?ae?ci).

A?aecia/a?oueny oaeiae, ui o I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa-e?eoeea ua ia
i?inoaaeo?oueny /?oea ?iciaaeoaaiiy i?ae ooaeiaei?i iaoiaeii ? noeeai,
iai?yiii ? oeieith, iai?yiii ? oa/??th, oa/??th ? oeieith, noeeai ?
iaia?ith, iai?: “… y i?inea aeaoe iai? aeac?aeo, ye iai? iaienaoe i?i
einiiiie?oe/ii-aio?iiieia?/iee iai?yiie a aoiia?ao??…”; “[“I?aaaea” –
A.Ae.] noaea aeaeaaaoe niaoe?aeueia oieueeei?ia ienueii a aeon? iiai?
einiiiie?oe/ii-aio?iiieia?/ii? oeiee” (Aea?., 493).

I. Ae?aaiiaiia ye iniiaiiieiaeiee e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? oa
oieueeei?ii-aoiia?ao?/ii? eiiia?aoea?noeee iineoaiaoaaany
oa?i?iieia?/ieie niieoeaie ii??aiya/ee iaoiae, ii??aiya/ee iai?yi,
ii??aiya/a oeiea.

Iaaieioo?oueny, ui o iueiai ii?oieia?/i? aa??aioe iaoiae ? iaoiaea
??ciyoueny cia/aiiyi: iicia/aiiy caaaeueieo oai??a i?ioean?a oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oai?/eo iniaeeainoae eiie?aoiiai aaoi?a aai aeaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii, ii?.: “Iooo-oi ? iiaea iiiiaoe eiieo?aioe?y ?in?enueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, ?? oe?ieeo ?a?iiaenueeeo ?aeae, ia?aaeaieo i?ea?iaeueiei
neia’yii-?onueeei iaoiaeii…” (I, 202); “A uiaei aeiiiaeo i?aoeue, oi ?
“Iineianeea aaaeiiinoe” ? “Aiein” caaoa ia eeaeaee e?eoe/ii? ?
naoe?e/ii? iaoiaee…” (?, 89).

Ine?eueee o I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa i??eoaaiiy i?i e?oa?aoo?o ia?aiaaeiaoaaeeny
c i?aeia?o?eiith ai?ioueaith, c ?icaeoiaie i?i aeieth oe?a?inueei? iiae,
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a oa?i?iieia?y ia??aeei ii?aeioaaeany ?c
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iith aeey iaeneiaeueii oi/iiai oeoia/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
yaeu, iai?eeeaae, cao?eniaai? oae? oa?i?ie: naia?aoeci, oaaea?ae?ci,
eea?eeae?ci, i?a?e?ci, ianeo?aioeci, iaineaa?ci oa ?i. ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aeia?aaea? c?inoaiiy nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai ci?noo
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XIX no..

Oaiaoe/ia a?oia “oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy ae?y/?a e?oa?aoo?e” ia’?aeio?
109 iaeiaioaaiue, a?ia?ii?iii yeeo ? e?oa?aoo?iee ae?y/: “… aae o
1860–63 ?. Aeaeaaaiiy eieaeie aeey aeaiaioa?ii? ia?iaeii? ina?oe oa?eoei
a nenoai oe?a?inueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo ae?y/?a…” (?, 259). Eiio
i?aeii?yaeeiaai? a?iii?ie ienaoaeue, ienueiaiiee, ienaoaeueea, ienueiae,
ienueiiaaoeue, e?oa?ao, e?oa?aoi?, iaeueiaiee, iiia?aea/, iena/ oiui,
na?aae yeeo oa?i?iai ienueiaiiee, e?oa?aoi? I. Ae?aaiiaiia a?aeaea?
ia?aaaao. Neiai ienaoaeue oaea a ?iaioao 8090o ?ie?a aaeeaa?oueny
ai?ciaee/ii. Oe?ioa oeueiai a?iii?i?/iiai ?yaeo ? na?ae/aiiyi iiooeo
iiaieo cania?a ye a iaoe?iiaeueiiio iiaiiio neiaieeo, oae ? a
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei?e iaoeia?e iia? aeey iaceaaiiy oeo, aeey eiai caiyooy
e?oa?aoo?ith ? i?ioan??th.

I?aaenoaaieee iaaiiai e?oa?aoo?iiai aeai?o iicia/ai?
oa?i?iaie-a?ia?ii?iaie i?ica?e (iia?noy?, iiaae?no, ?iiai?no, ?
?iiaiiienaoaeue), iiao (aa?neo?eaoi?, aaoi? a??ooaaiue, a??oa?,
a??oiieao, a??oi?ia, a??oioai?aoeue, e??ee oiui); a?iii?iaie
ia?aaiae/ee, ia?aeeaae/ee, ae?aaiiai.

“Iiooeiaee” oa?aeoa? ia? e a?iii?i?/iee ?yae oa?i?i?a aeey iaceaaiiy
ienueiaiiee?a naoe?e/ii-aoii?enoe/ii? aaeoc? e?oa?aoo?e: naoe?ee,
thii?eno, aoii?eno, ni?oioai?aoeue.

Aeey iaceaaiiy ae?y/?a e?oa?aoo?e a aaeoc? e?eoeea I. Ae?aaiiaiia
aeei?enoiaoaaa oaeiae oe?ieee niaeo? oa?i?i?a: e?eoee, ?aoeaicaio,
eiiaioaoi?, na?aae yeeo iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei ? ia?oee (iiiaae 50
oaeeaaiue). O a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a a?i ooieoe?iio? a
aiioe?eii-iaeo?aeueieo eiioaenoao. Cana?ae/othoueny e aiioe?ei? ia
c?acie: “… aoaoee i?ioani? oi?aa?neoaoo i. Ooeuea?i aeiei?ea ee?anueeeo
oe?a?iioia?a oei, ui aiie o?eueee ia?aa??oothoue ?a/? iieuenueeeo
o?eieia?a ? e?eoee?a o?aoueiai ni?oo…” (Aea?. 222).

O oaiaoe/i?e a?oi? “oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy ??ciiaeae?a ooaeiaei?o
oai??a” ooieoe?iiaeueii iaaaioaaeaieie ? a?ia?ii?i oa?? ye
iaecaaaeuei?oa iicia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoo e?oa?aoo?ii?, iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino?, ui eiie?aoeco?oueny o niieoeao oa?? aaeao?enoe/iee, oa??
aeeaeaeoe/iee, oa?? i?ea?iaeueiee ? iiae.

O ?iaioao 70o ?ie?a aeoeaieie ? e oa?i?ie ienaiiy (ienaiiy e?oa?aoo?ia,
ienaiiy Eoe?oa oiui), ??/ (??/ aaeeei?onueea, ??/ iiac??).

Ia?aeaeueii aaeeaathoueny i?aoey, ?iaioa, oaeno, iiiaeeiiei – ooa??,
neeaaeaiy, iai?.: “?onaeea Aei?no?iaa iaiieiaeio aoea ceiaeaia c
ia?iaeieo i?naiue, a a ae?oao, eio?o Oaoeaae/ ? i?eyoae? eiai iacaaee
neeaaeaiy, aoee ?o aeani? noeoe, aea aeiaie? iiae?ai? aei ia?iaeieo
i?naiue…” (?, 320).

A?ia?ii?iii oaiaoe/ii? i?aea?oie iiia?aeieo ??ciiaeae?a ooaeiaei?o
oai??a ? oa?i?i i?ica, ui ia’?aeio? a?iii?ie ?iiai, o?eeia?y, iia?noue,
iiia?aeaiiy, iiaaea, i/a?e, aothae. A?eueo?noue ?c ieo aaeeaa?oueny o
neeaae? oa?i?iiniieoe, aea i?eeiaoieee ooi/iththoue oaiaoe/ia e ?aeaeia
ni?yioaaiiy oai??a. Oae, oa?i?i ?iiai ooieoe?iiaeueiee a oaiaoe/iiio
ai?cae? oa?i?iiniieoe ia c?acie ?iiai ?noi?e/iee, ?iiai nioe?aeueiee,
?iiai c n?euenueeiai aaeeei?onueeiai iiaeoo; ?iiai oe?a?iio?euenueeee.
E?eoee ?ic??ciya i?ico iaoeiao oa i?ico iie?oe/io; iia?noue ??caeayio e
iia?noue ?noi?e/io, iia?noue c n?euenueeiai aaeeei?onueeiai iiaeoo;
iiia?aeaiiy aeeoo?ienia oa iiia?aeaiiy ae?onueea oiui.

O oaiaoe/i? i?aea?oi? “e??eea” c a?aeiia?aeiei a?ia?ii?iii oa
oa?i?iiniieoeaie e??eea ia?iaeieoeueea, oe?a?inueea e??eea ia’?aeiaeeny
aeaa oaiaoe/ieo ai?caea. Ia?oa – “iaaaeeeee a??oiaaiee oa??” –
?ai?acaioiaaia oa?i?iaie-a?iii?iaie a??o, noeo, iiac?y ?c aeanoeaeie
niieoeaie eeaneo?eaoe?eiiai ci?noo ia c?acie a??o oe?eueiee, a??o
iie?oe/iee, a??o aaeeoeueeee; noeo aaeeei?onueeee, noeo ai?inoaaiiiai
oa?aeoa?o; iiac?y ?ae?a?eia, iiac?y iie?oe/ia, iiac?y neia’yinueea.
Ae?oaa – “aeae ai?/ii? oai?/ino?” – i?aaenoaaeaia a?iii?iaie iiaia,
aaeea, aaeaaea o neeaae? neiainiieo/aiue ?c e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eie
eaenaiaie oeio iiaia iai?aaeaai?e/ia, aaeaaea e??e/ia oiui.

Oaiaoe/ia i?aea?oia “ae?aia” ia’?aeiaea oa?i?ie ae?aia, eiiaae?y,
o?aaaae?y, iaeiae?aia, i’?na, ?ioa?iaae?y, ae?aeia, aea?o, na?aae yeeo
a?eueo /anoioiei ? ia?oee. Eiai oa?i?iieia?/ia eiie?aoi?noue
aeinyaa?oueny niieo/aiiy ?c i?eeiaoieeaie e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai ci?noo:
ae?aia oe?eueia, ae?aia ia?iaeia, ae?aia eeane/ia, ae?aia ?noi?e/ia.

Oaiaoe/ia a?oia “eiiiiceoe?ei? aeaiaioe ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o” a oaenoao
noaoae ? ?ica?aeie I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? iaaaeeeith. No?eaeiaaeie ? oa?i?ie
eiiiiceoe?y, nthaeao, eaiaa, na?aae yeeo ae?oaee ? iaea?eueo /anoioiei.
A?i eiie?aoeco?oueny a oa?i?iiniieoeao ia iicia/aiiy ?iaei-aeaeiaeo
oei?a nthaeao?a (nthaeao iia?no?, nthaeao iiaie), ?o iaoe?iiaeueieo
??ciiaeae?a (nthaeao oe?a?inueeee, nthaeao aano?i-?onueeee),
iniaeeainoae aeaea?ae (nthaeao ia?iaeiee).

Caeaaeii a?ae aiae?co nthaeaoieo eiiiiiaio?a oai??a iaaiiai ?iaeo:
ai?/iiai (?icae?e, aeaaa, /anoue, ai?ciae), ae?aiaoe/iiai (noeaia,
o?iae, noeaia??e, ae?aeia, iiiieia), – I. Ae?aaiiaiia iineoaiaoaaany
a?aeiia?aeieie oa?i?iaie, ui ia’?aeiai? a oaiaoe/io i?aea?oio.

O oaiaoe/i?e a?oi? “oa?i?ie, iia’ycai? c aiae?cii ooaeiaei?o oai??a”
aeae?ey?ii e?eueea i?aea?oi ?c a?ia?ii?iaie oi?ia, ci?no, iaethaaiiy;
oaia oa ?aeay; aiae?c. Cia/iee ?ioa?an c iiaeyaeo niieo/oaaiino?
oa?i?iieaenai noaiiaeyoue neiaa oaiaoe/ii? i?aea?oie “oeiiaee ia?ac”,
cie?aia ia?ac ? oei, ye-io: ia?ac – ia?iaeiee, oei?/iee oe?a?inueeee;
a?aiae?iciee; iaaeyaeiee; /eiiaieoeoaa, iainoaa, nieaeao/eie,
oe?a?ioe?a, ae?a/ao; oei – i?aaaeeaee, aeeaee, ia?iaeiee, iiaeo
oe?a?inueeeo ethaeae, oe?a?inueeee, i?noeaaee, eieaeueiee;
aaeeei?onueeiai ia?iaeo, n?euenueeeo aa?noia. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui
oa?i?i oei ? a?eueo aeoeaiei (3 : 1) o ca’yceo ?c ianoaiiaith
ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?aae?noe/ieo o?aaeeoe?e aeoiaii? ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e.

? a 70o ? a 90 o ?ieao a?i aaeeaaa oa?i?ie iaethaaiiy, iaethaaoe a
cia/aii? “ooaeiaeiuei a?aeoai?thaaoe a e?oa?aoo??”, a a 70o ?ieao
I. Ae?aaiiaiia ua ooea? a no/aniiio eiio e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iio neiaieeo
neiai ?c oaeei cia/aiiyi, a oiio iineoaiao?oueny e neiii?iaie,
aeecueeeie aei ?in?enueei? iiae, ?eniaaiiy, caia/aoe?oe, ia/a?oaoe:
“Aeey oiai, uia yeee aaoi? noaa ethaeioeai e?eoeee ? ioae?ee o ?in??,
a?i ioneoue… iaoe aaeeeee oaeaio ?aaeueiiai iaethaaiiy ia?ac?a aeeooy…”
(I, 141); “Ie aioia? oaiaeeoeny, ui ?eniaaiiy “iiaeo ethaeae” acaaae?
aeaeaei o?oaei?oa i?ae “noa?eo” (?, 269).

Aeanoeai, ui a?ia?ii?ie oaia e ?aeay eiie?aoecothoueny ia?aaaaeii a
niieo/aii? ?c noni?eueii-iie?oe/iith eaeneeith, ye-io: oaia e?aa?aeueia,
oaia nioe?aeueii-aoioa?nueea; ?aeay einiiiie?oe/ia, ?aeay
eicaeio?euenueea, ?a?iiaenueea ?aeay oiui. Aeania e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo
niieoe iaioa, cie?aia oaia oai?o, oaia aieiaia; ?aeay e?oa?aoo?ia, ?aeay
i?ia?aeia.

No?eaeiaaith o oaiaoe/i?e a?oi? “oa?i?ie, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean” ? niieoea e?oa?aoo?ia ?icaeooy. Oey a?oia oa?i?i?a
eeoa ii/eiaea oi?ioaaoeny o XIX no. ? a oai?/ino? I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ua ia
o?eno?ii oa?i?i “e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean”, ia aoa a?i ? i?eoeeueieeii neiaa
?ica?e, ui anioe?thaaeiny ?c a?yoe, a oiio aeei?enoiaoaaa aa??aio,
aeeae/ee aei ?in?enueeiai. Oa?i?ie oe??? a?oie a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
iiia?aaei?o ua a?eueoei nooiaiai aano?aeoiino?. Ii?. oa?i?ie e
iiiaieeaoo?e ia?iaei?noue, e?oa?aoo?ia aaiethoe?y, e?oa?aoo?ia ni?aaa,
ia??iae e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaa ienaoaeuenoaa, e?oa?aoo?ia nie?aea?i?noue,
niae ienueiainueeee oiui. Ioae?oeenoeea iaoeiaeo ioe?iie
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, ni?yioaaiiy eiai e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai aiae?co aei
ae/eaioaaiiy ?aeaeii? noo? oai?/ino? ni?e/eiyei aeoeai?noue
ocaaaeueithaaeueieo iaca ia c?acie eiieneci, aei?aenaiaenoai,
oe?a?iiiai, einiiiie?o, iacaaeiaaoeue, i?a?e?no ? iiae., ui ia??aeei
eaae?o?eothoueny eaeneeia?aoaie ye iiaioai?e 7080o ??.

O oaiaoe/i?e a?oi? “oa?i?ie ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/i? ni?aae” ia’?aeiaii
e?eueea i?aea?oi: a) “ia??iaee/ia aeaeaiiy” (a?ia?ii?i ia??iaee/ia
aeaeaiiy oa /eaie a?iii?i?/iiai ?yaeo: i?ana ia??iaee/ia, i?aai ia/aoe,
ia/aoue, /aniien ? /aniienue, aeo?iae, aacaoa, oeaeiaaee oiui); a)
“oeaico?a” (oeaico?a ?in?enueei-iao??ioe/ia, oeaico?a ?aaeaeoi?a,
aanoeaico?ia aacaoa oiui); a) “iniae, ui caeiathoueny aeaeaaie/ith
ni?aaith” (oaiaoe/i? ai?caea ?c a?ia?ii?iii ioae?oeeno (nio?oaeiee
aeo?iaeo, ?aii?oa?, aeiiena/ oa ?i.) oa aeaeaaaoeue / aeaeaaaoaeue
(?aaeaeoi?, ni?aaeaeoi?, ei?aeoi?); a) “iaeeieoey iaoa??aeo a
ae?oeiaaiiio i?aai?” (a?ia?ii?i noaooy, ui eiie?aoeco?oueny o niieo/aii?
?c e?oa?aoo?iciaa/ith ? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iith eaeneeith: noaooy
ioae?oeenoe/ia, noaooy a??oiaaia, noaooy oe?a?iio?euenueea, noaooy
i?ia?aiiaa; a oaeiae oa?i?ie aeiien / aeiienue, ?aoeaic?y, cai?oea oiui;
?) “e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/iee oa??, iaae?oeiaaiee o ia??iaee/iiio
aeaeaii?”, ui ia’?aeio? oa?i?ie iai?oano, o?ii?ea, oaeeaoii;
ae) “i?ei??iee aeaeaiiy”: oii, aeione, aecaiiey?, ioia?, /enei; a)
”eieaeeiaa i?iaeoeoe?y”: aeaeaiiy, eieaa, a?ioo?a, ca??, aioieia?y; ?)
“?oeiien”: ?oeiien / ?oeiienue, iaione?eio, /a?iaoea. Ia?oa oa /aoaa?oa
i?aea?oie ia’?aeiai? a?ia?ii?iii ioae?oeenoeea, ui aeoea?coaaany a iia?
noaoae I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa 90o ?ie?a cie?aia a niieoeao ?c ?aa?iiaeueiith
ia?eiaai?noth ia c?acie ioae?oeenoeea oe?a?inueea, ioae?oeenoeea
aaeeoeueea, ioae?oeenoeea euea?anueea. ?icaeiai?noue oe??? a?oie
oa?i?i?a coiiaeaia aeoeaiith ?iaioith c ?aaeaeoe?yie, aeaniith
aeaeaaie/ith ni?aaith.

Aa?oi i?aee?aneeoe, ui caaaeii ae?aaiiai?anueea e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a
oa?i?iiaaeeaaiiy ia ia?aiaoyaeaia iie?nai??th (oeiea, ?oo, iiac?y) ?
neiii?i?eith (e?oa?aoo?a – aaeao?enoeea; iaioa?e – niiieie).

Iaaiee nooi?iue aiioeaiino? aeayeeo oa?i?iiaaeeaaiue iaoiiaeaiee
ioae?oeenoe/ii-iaoeiaei noeeai aeeeaaeo aeoiie, ia?aci?noth oa
aeni?an??th ye aecia/aeueieie iciaeaie ioae?oeenoeee, ye-io: ienaieia,
ienueiae; “… nai Ie?iee iaaea aei “Ia?aioae?ea”, a Ia/oe aei
“Iiaiuee?a”, iaienaaoe e??i oiai, oaiiioo “Iaae *i?iei ii?ai” ?
aiaeaa?eueio i?nai?oieoeth” a “Iaa?aeai?e”. I?i iac?o/iee naiiaeiiin
“Ai?iaaiea”… oa i?i iaceia?inuee? i?iae “iao??ioe/ii? ioae?oeenoeee”
(/eoae “iniaenoeo ianea?e?a!”) o “I?aaae?” i?/iai e aiai?eoe” (?, 461).

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ?ai?acaioiaaia “Eeaneo?eaoe?y
ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaiaoe/ieo a?oi oa eaeneei-naiaioe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
oieueeei?enoe/ieo oa?i?i?a”, ui iiaoaeiaaia ia iien? 120 oa?i?i?a ?
iiiaieeaoo? /ioe?ueio oaiaoe/ieo a?oi, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue eiei
?ioa?an?a I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eiai oaaao aei iaaieo aeai??a onii? ia?iaeii?
oai?/ino?.

Ia i?eeeaae? oaiaoe/ii? a?oie “oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy iaoee i?i onio
ia?iaeio oai?/?noue oa noeoiiino? oai??a” i?inoaaeo?oueny na?aeiia
noaaeaiiy oieueeei?enoa aei ae?iaeaiiy ana?a?iiaenueei? iaoeiai?
oa?i?iieia??. Ii/aaoe a?ae oaeeaaiiy aeecueeeo aei ?in?enueei? iiae.
Caiice/aieo o XVIII no. oa?i?i?a ia?iaeia neiaani?noue, iaoe?iiaeueia
oai?/anoai, ia?iaeia oai?/anoai, aoiia?ao?y, I. Ae?aaiiaiia o 80o ?ieao
iia?o? oa?i?iii oieueeei?. Oia?oa – a 1885 ?ioe? ye folk-lore o cia/aii?
“onia ia?iaeia oai?/?noue”, a iio?i ? iaoee i?i ia?, iai?.: “Ie??i oiai,
aa?o ia naaa anth ?aaeaeoe?eio ?iaioo ii folk-lore… Ii/iaii ia/aoaoe
nai? i?aoe? i?ae oeooeii: “Ii??aiyii? aeine?aee i?aoe? i?i oe?a?inueeo
ia?iaeio oai?/?noue…” (??, 514); “C iiaiaeo oieueeei?o neaaeo, ui y ia
?aaeaeo aeoaea aeniaoaaoe, ui na aoaea oieueeei?ia aeaeaiiy” (Eenoe aei
?. O?aiea, 426).

Iacae aoiia?ao, oieueeei?eno (iaeeie/ii), caienoaa/, cae?a/
i?aaenoaaeythoue oaiaoe/io a?oio “oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy niaoe?ae?no?a c
onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?”, iai?.: “Oae, y ciaoiaeaeony a iino?eieo
aca?ieiao c oieueeei?enoaie ??aeieo ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i…” (??, 534);
“[Ao/einueeee – A.Ae.] caeiaoa aioia? aaea caiene a?ae e?eueeio caieye?a
? ci?aai?coaaa oe?eee i?a/ie caienoaa/?a…” (??, 173).

Oaiaoe/ia a?oia “oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy ??ciiaeae?a oai??a onii?
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?” ? iaea?eueoith a oeueiio oa?i?iiei?a/iiio ?ic?yae?
e ia’?aeio? e?eueea i?aea?oi: a) “aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy onii?
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?”: aoiia?ao?/iee iaoa??ae, oieueeei?iee iaoa??ae,
oieueeei?, ia?acaoeue; a) “?iaei-aeaeia? ??ciiaeaee oai??a onii?
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?”, aea ooieoe?iiothoue oaiaoe/i? ai?caea “oai?e
?iciia?aeiiai ai?/iiai aeai?o onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?”
(eaceiai-oieueeei?ia e?oa?aoo?a, eacea ia?iaeia, eacea oe?a?inueea,
iiaaea ia?iaeia, i?eeacea), “e??i-ai?/i? aeai?e onii? ia?iaeii?
oai?/ino?” (aeoia ?noi?e/ia, ia?iaeia aeeeia), “e??e/i? aeaie? onii?
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?” (i?ni? aaeeoeuee?, i?ni? a?eo eiyaeanueeiai ?
ae?oaeeiiiai, i?niy ia?iaeia; uaae??aea, aa?aea).

A?eueo?noue iiiaieeaoo? ae?oai? i?aea?oie iathoue o nai?io neeaae?
i?eeiaoiee ia?iaeia, ui i?aee?aneth? i?ioenoaaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?iei oai?ai
oaeeo naieo ?iae?a /e aeai??a.

Oey oaiaoe/ia a?oia a?aeia?aaea? iniiaiee ?ioa?an I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa –
eeaneo?eaoe?y oai??a onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? ca oaiaie oa nthaeaoaie,
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?icaeiaiino? ia?iaeii? iiae oa oai??a, noai?aieo iath.

O oaiaoe/io a?oio “oa?i?ie, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue ?icaeoie onii? ia?iaeii?
oai?/ino?” oa?eoee eieaei? neiainiieo/aiiy, ui a?aecia/athoueny aenieei
nooiaiai aano?aeoiino?: ?oo iaoeiaee oieueeei?iee, ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea
o?aaeeoe?y, ii??aiya/i-?noi?e/iee iaoiae.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e “Eaeneei-aaiaoe/i? oa no?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino?
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? oa oieueeei?enoe/ii? oa?i?iieia??” i?enay/aiee iienia?
iacaaieo oaiaoe/ieo ?ic?yae?a oa?i?i?a c iiaeyaeo iioiaeaeaiiy,
aeyaeaiiy ?o iniiiaieo /no?oeoo?ieo oei?a oa oiiaoeei-ii?oieia?/ieo
aa??aio?a. Ioaea, ianoaaeai? oa?i?ie ?: 1) ?ioiiiaieie caiice/aiiyie c
a?aoeueei? oa eaoeinueei?, ?a?iiaenueeeo iia (aaoi?, oi?ia, aeueiaiao,
ioae?oeeno; aoiia?ao?y, aiaeaeio, i?o, oieueeei?, oaiao); 2) ni?eueieie
?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeeie (??ae, ia?ac, iia?noue, aeaaa; i?niy, iia??’y,
?iceac); 3) aeania oe?a?inueeeie ooai?aiiyie (ia?en, ia?aaeiiaa, oa??;
cae?a/, i?eeacea, i?eiia?aeea); 4) niaoeeo?/ieie iacaaie
e?oa?aoo?ii-oieueeei?ieo yaeu (aeoia, eieiieeea, aeeeia); 5) ?ioiiiaieie
a iaoe?iiaeuei?e o?aine?eioe?? (folklore); 6) eaeueeaie (o?c?iiii?y,
aeeoo?ienue, a??oi?ia); 7) ae?aaiiai?anueeeie (??aiiaaaeaoeue –
“iiiiaio”, aeni?oea, ?iiaiiienaoaeue).

Caoaaaeeii, ui na?oiaeyaeia i???ioaoe?y I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia
“c?aceia?noue” ?in?enueeeo aaoi??a, ni?ai?aoey ?c ?aaeaeoi?aie ?in??
coiiaeee ooieoe?iioaaiiy a eiai aeine?aeaeaiiyo ni?eueieo
?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeeo oa?i?i?a, ui ? “oe?a?i?ciaaieie” ca caeiiaie
iaoe?iiaeueii? oiiaoeee e ii?oieia??, iai?.: ca??iee, iae?eaie, iaeoene,
a?eaie, no??/ea (?yaeie), aeiaaiee, ?eniaaiiy, aoii?. Aiie a ?iaio?
iicia/ai? ye “ia?ao?aei?” a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy aeanii? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? oa?i?iieaeneee.

Ia?aaaaeia /anoeia oa?i?iieia?/ieo neiainiieo/aiue ?ai?acaioothoue
ci?oaiee oei iiaieo iaeeieoeue. ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia’ycaia ?c
ae?iaeaiiyi eeaneo?eaoe?eieo iiiaieeaoo?. I?e oeueiio i?iaeoeoeaiith ?
iiaeaeue N+A: aeo?iae i?ny/iee, thii? oe?a?inueeee, i/a?e aeeoo?ieniee;
aiin ia?iaeiee, aeoia iaei?onueea. Na?aae oa?i?iineiainiieo/aiue
ia?aaaaeathoue oae?, ui a ?ie? i?eeiaoieeiaiai eiiiiiaioa iathoue
eaenaie e?oa?aoo?iee (20), aaeeei?onueeee, ?in?enueeee (20),
oe?a?inueeee, iaei?onueeee (18), ia?iaeiee (10), /ei i?aee?aneth?oueny
i?iaeaiia ni?yioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? oa oieueeei?enoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

No?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo ? oieueeei?enoe/ieo
oa?i?i?a iieacaa, ui noo?enaoe?y, neiaineeaaeaiiy oa
aiae?oeei-neioaene/ia neiaioai?aiiy aacothoueny ia no?aeiineia’yinuee?e
nenoai?. I. Ae?aaiiaiia oa?eoia a ?noi??th oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
iiae ye iaoeiaaoeue, ui ni?eya oi?ioaaiith e ooaa?aeaeaiith iaca ae?y/?a
e?oa?aoo?e e aeaeaaie/i-?aaeaeoi?nueei? ni?aae ?c noo?enaie -(i)ee,
-aoeue, -oaeue, -a/, -?no (-eno), -i?, -a? (-y?): neiaa?iee,
ia?aeeaae/ee, e?oa?aoi?, /eoaoaeue / /eoa/, iena/, iiaae?no, a??oa?,
iia?noy?. O/aiee iiiiaiea oe?a?inueeo oa?i?iieia?th neiaaie ia
iicia/aiiy ii?aaeiaoiaieo iciae (ia -?noue, noa(i), -?ci (-eci),
-uei(a): iaoe?iiaeuei?noue, iauaneia’yinoai, neaa?ci, aioiai?aueia),
ii?aaeiaoiaieo ae?e (ia ii(y), ?c : ia/aoaiiy; ia?ia, ca??),
i?eoeeueieea iaaiiai nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai iai?yieo (oaiaeiaaoeue,
oeiiiiai, o?eia?iyi).

I. Ae?aaiiaiia, i/aaeaeii, na?aeiii noaaeany aei aeai?o a?aiaoe/ii?
oi?ie oa?i?i?a, ui cana?ae/o? iayai?noue ii?oieia?/ii? aa??aioiino? ia
c?acie ?iey, aeiienue, /aniienue / /aniien, a??o / a??oa, e?a?ao
(cai?noue e?a?aooi), yeo a?i ia caaaeaee i?a iiaeieaoe /a?ac ia’?eoeai?
iiai? e iicaiiai? /eiieee.

A?eueo?noue oa?i?i?a-iaeiineia?a oa neiainiieo/aiue oaeeaa?oueny
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaei o oi?i? iiiaeeie, ia iaoo aeoieo, c iaeyaeo ia noeeue
iiaea/? iaoa??aeo oa i?iaeaiaoeeo c?noaaii-?noi?e/iiai aea/aiiy
?a?iiaenueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo ? oieueeei?ieo i?ioean?a.

O ?iaio? iaaieioo?oueny, ui I. Ae?aaiiaiia iaa ii/oooy i??e uiaei
aaeeaaiiy ?ioiiiaieo oa?i?i?a oa aeania oe?a?inueeeo iiaioai??a, caeiaa
iiceoe?th aei?a/iiai aeei?enoaiiy ia?oeo oa ae?oaeo ?c a?aooaaiiyi ?o
onoaeaiino? a iaoeia?e iia? ?a?iie oa ?in??, a?aeiia?aeiino?
iaoe?iiaeuei?e iiai?e nenoai?.

?icae?e ?? “Oa?aeoa?enoeea e?iaa?noe/ieo oa?i?i?a oai?/i? niaaeueie
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa” ?ice?eaa? nenoaio iiaiciaa/i? eaeneee aeine?aeieea c
o?aooaaiiyi eiai na?oiaeyaeiiiiaieo iiceoe?e ina?oyieia e o/anieea
iaoeiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, ui i?aeoe/ii caaaa/oaaa oe?a?inueeo
iiao ae?aaeaeueieie ?ano?naie, ni?eya ooaa?aeaeaiith ??
iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiino?. Ca aecia/aiiyi I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, “iiaa ? niin?a,
eio?ei ethaee ?icoi?thoueny, /a?ac eio?ee ?aea aei ethaeae ina?oa” (??,
362).

O 1-io i?ae?icae?e? “Eeaneo?eaoe?y oaiaoe/ieo a?oi oa eaeneei-naiaioe/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea e?iaa?noe/ieo oa?i?i?a” iienaii aeaa’youe
ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaiaoe/ieo a?oi oa?i?i?a, ui ia’?aeiothoue aeecueei 90
oa?i?i?a ? iiiaieeaoo?.

“Oa?i?ie, ui noinothoueny iaca iaoee i?i iiao” a?aeaeaathoue neooaoe?th
?o noaiiaeaiiy. Cie?aia a?ia?ii?i e?iaa?noeea cae??ieany,
oa?i?iieia?coaaany a iaoeia?e iia? o 90o ?ieao. Iacaa o?eieia?y o
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ua aaeeaa?oueny o oe?ieiio niene? – “aoiai?oa?ia iaoea”,
e o aocueeiio – “iaoea i?i iiao”.

Na?aae “oa?i?i?a, ui iicia/athoue oao?aoey c iiae” aeaai?oei (e?iaoeue
XVIII – ii/aoie XIX no.) ? o?eieia, a iacaa e?iaa?no, i/aaeaeii,
ooaa?aeeeany o 90o ?ieao XIX no.

No?eaeiaaeie a a?oi? “oa?i?ie aeey iicia/aiiy iiiyooy “iiaa” ? ycee ?
iiaa, i?e/iio ia?oei, ui ?ai?acaioo? cao?aeiioe?a?inueeee aa??aio
oa?i?iiaaeeaaiiy, I. Ae?aaiiaiia iineoaiaoaaany ??aeoa, i?ae ae?oaei (1
: 3). ?c oa?i?iii ycee iia’ycai? iiiaieeaoo?e e?oa?aoo?iee ycee,
ni?eueiee e?oa?aoo?iee ycee, aeeaee ycee, aiae?enueeee ycee,
caiaaeii?onueeee ycee, oe?a?inueeee ycee / iaei?onueeee ycee, ui iathoue
cia/aiiy “iiaa iaaiiai ianaeaiiy” ? “aii?iiaaia iiaa”, “onia iiaa”.
Oa?i?i iiaa i/ieth? oae? i?aea?oie iiiaieeaoo?: iiaa iaaiiai ianaeaiiy
(a?ia?ii?i aoiia?ao?/ia iiaa oa a?iii?ie ia c?acie aaeeei?onueea iiaa,
oe?a?inueea iiaa, ?oaeueyinueea iiaa); noee?ciaaia iiaa (oea?eiaia iiaa,
a?o?aeaaeai?ciaaia iiaa, noa?iaieaa?nueea iiaa, iiaoe/ia iiaa).

I. Ae?aaiiaiia /anoi aaeeaa? niieoeo aeeaa iiaa (aeeaee ycee) oa ??
iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeeaa oe?a?inueea iiaa, aeeaa /ieia?/a iiaa, yeeie
iicia/ea ia?iaeio ?iciiaio onio iiao iaaii? iaoe??.

Neiii?i?/ieie ? oa?i?iiniieoee iaoa?iy iiaa, iaoa?einueea iiaa –
“c?icoi?ea, aeecueea”, ii?.: “… oey ony e?oa?aoo?a ii ?noi?e/iiio
oa?aeoa?o iiae ? a?eueo /e iaio aaeeei?onueea, aea ii oe?i? nai?e ?
ana?in?enueea, ?onueea e?oa?aoo?a, iiaa eio?i? noaea aaea aeeaith,
iaoa?einueeith iiaith aeey oeo, ooi ?? /eoa?” (?, 132).

Oeae a?iii?i?/iee ?yae i?iaeiaaeeee iiiaieeaoo?e i?inoiia?iaeia iiaa,
oeiinueea iiaa, ia?iaeia iiaa. Aeoeai?noue iacaaieo a?iii?i?a o
iaoeiai-ioae?oeenoe/ieo noaooyo I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa coiiaeaia, ia?o ca ana,
ona?aeiieaiiyi oiai, ui oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa iiaeiia oi?ioaaoeny
ca na?oiaeie, caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeie caeiiaie – ia ia?iaeii?iciiai?e
iniia?.

Na?e iiaeyae ia iaiao?aei?noue ?aeeii? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae I. Ae?aaiiaiia
iicia/ea iiiaiii oeaio?aeueia e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa, iai?.: “A eiee o
O?aioe?? ? Aa?iai??, aea n?euenueeee aeaiaio ia ia? oaei? neee ia?aae
ai?iaenueeei, a?eueo aai iaio aaea iaeiinoaeiei, ? aea oeaio?aeueia iiaa
e?oa?aoo?ia aeaai?o ii/aea ae?yoe ia ia?iaei? i?ia?ioe?aeuei?…” (I,
131). Ca I. Ae?aaiiaiiaei, ”e?oa?aoo?i? iiae – ia oe?ea, a /anoeia, ia
niieiia?/ia, a aoi?eiia e oiiaia, ? aeaeaei ia noa?a” (I, 381).

Oa?i?i “aea?aeaaia iiaa” I. Ae?aaiiaiia oaeeaa? a oe?ieiio cia/aii? ye
?aeeii? iiae iaaiiai ia?iaeo, eiee i?iaieioo? ina?oi? caaaeaiiy, a o
aocueeiio , aeoiaey/e ?c ?aaeueii? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? neooaoe??, –
?in?enueei? iiae a ?in??, iai?.: “… aeiiaaaoeny iaoee ia ia?iaei?e iia?,
a aeae? aaea ia aea?aeaai?e” (II, 164); “ii/aoe c oiai, ui ia?iaeio iiao
oe?a?inueeo iieeioee aeey iiae ?in?enueei? aea?aeaaii?…” (Aea?., 215).

Aeine?aeiee aaeeaaa oaea onoaeai? a iiaiciaanoa? ae?oai? iieiaeie
XIX no. “oa?i?ie oiiaoeee”: oiiaoeea, aeoeaiooaoe?y, aeiiaa, neeaae.

A?oia “oa?i?ie aeey iicia/aiiy eaeneeia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae” – iacae
eieaeie: eaeneeii, neiaa?, neiaiee, ia?o? aea? c yeeo noaee
oa?i?iaie-?noi?eciaie.

“Oa?i?ie ae?aeaeoieia??” I. Ae?aaiiaiia aeei?enoiaoaaa o eiioaenoao i?i
oeyoe ?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo iia. I?e oeueiio ?o cia/aiiy
ia caaaeaee ni?aiaaea? ?c no/aniei. Oae, ?c oa?i?iii ia??//y iia’ycaia
iaaia oa?eoi??aeueia iiaa ia?iaeo, yeee ia? noaoon iie?oe/ii?
naiino?eiino?, ii?. iiiaie e?oa?aoo?ia ia??//y, iaioth/a e?oa?aoo?ia
ia??//y, oeaio?aeueia e?oa?aoo?ia ia??//y: “I?iae ienaoe iiaith, ia
iiae?aiith aei iaioth/iai a aeaai?i /an? a iaai?i e?ath e?oa?aoo?iiai
ia??//y, iiaith ia?iaeo iaaii? ieieeoe?, ui ia c?iaeeany naiino?eiei
iie?oe/iei o?eii, o oaia??oi? /ane cian?i ia ??aee? a ?a?ii?” (?, 249).

Oa?i?i aiai? (ia?iaeiee aiai?) naiaioe/ii i?ioenoaaeaiee iaca? ycee
(ii?iaoeaia iiaa), ii?. iiiaieeaoo?e naeyinueeee aiai? ?
i?ia?ioe?aeueiee aiai?, ia?iaeiee aiai? ? ethaeiaee aiai?;
aaiaoe?ainueeee aiai?, n?oe?e?enueeee aiai?.

Neiii?i?/ieie aei iiia?aaeiueiai ? oa?i?i ae?aeaeo.“

Oa?i?ie i?oia?ao??” – i?oia?ao?y, i?aaiien, a?aaeaeaiea, oea?eiaia
ienueii – aaeeaaeeny I. Ae?aaiiaiiaei o ca’yceo c eiai na?aeiiith
o/anoth o ae?iaeaii? canaae a?aeoai?aiiy ia ienuei? onii? oe?a?inueei?
iiae.

I?aeoe/iee iiaeyae I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia ?ieue iiae o i?aeianaii?
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ??aiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo coiiaea ooieoe?iioaaiiy
“oa?i?i?a aeey iaceaaiiy iaa/aeueieo eiea” – acaoea, ee?eeuenueea
acaoea, aoeaa?, a?aiaoeea.

Ine?eueee I. Ae?aaiiaiia ia caeiaany niaoe?aeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi iiae
ooaeiaei?o oai??a, a eiai a?eueo oe?eaaea ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iee ci?no
oai?o, oi e “oa?i?iaie, ui noinothoueny iiae ooaeiaei?o oai??a” a?i
iineoaiaoaaany nii?aaee/ii, ye-io: aaecaiao?, ai?oao, oe?aaea, oii;
“Ca?ac aea ia ii/aoeo iia?no? [“Iaae *i?iei ii?ai” – A.Ae.]” noi?oue
?iciiaa iaiii/ie, aa?i?iue Ae.I. Eaaeoeueeiai, a eio??e aiie neieyoue ?
i?eioeei?aeueieie aoi?eciaie…” (??, 307). O iiae?aieo aeneiaethaaiiyo
aeyaey?oueny aiioe?ei?noue, aeoceea?noue, iaaeiooai?noue, ui aeanoea? a
iaai?e i??? ioae?oeenoe/ii-iaoeiaei aeeneon?yi ?c /eoa/ai. Oea ni?eyei
iiioey?ecaoe?? ci?noo aeneiaethaaiiy, “ni?iuoaaei” iaoeiao iiao.

O ?iaio? ocaaaeueith?oueny, ui cana?ae/ai? o noaooyo ? ?ica?aeeao
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa e?iaa?noe/i? oa?i?ie aeyaeyoue eiai “caiaeo” c
i?iiiiiaaieie a a?aiaoeeao iiia?aaei?o ia??iae?a ? XIX no.
oa?i?iieaenaiaie, ye? ia?aaaaeii aeei?enoiaothoueny e oaia?.

O 2-io i?ae?icae?e? “Eaeneei-aaiaoe/ia oa no?oeoo?ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
e?iaa?noe/ieo oa?i?i?a” aecia/ai? oeie oa?i?i?a iiaiciaanoaa ca
iioiaeaeaiiyi: a) oa?i?ie-?ioa?iaoe?iiae?cie, ui ? caiice/aiiyie c
aeaaiueia?aoeueei?, eaoeinueei? oa o?aioeocueei? iia (aoeiieia?y,
o?eieia, oii, noeeue, e?iaa?noeea); a) ?in?enueei-oe?a?inuee? ni?euei?
oa?i?ie (ycee, aoeaa?, aiai?, a?aaeaeaiea); a) aeania oe?a?inuee?
oa?i?ie (iiaa, aeiiaa, neiaiee, i?aaiien); a) oa?i?iieia?/i?
neiainiieo/aiiy ci?oaiiai oeio ?c ia?aaaaith ?iaiieeiai-i?eeiaoieeiaeo
(aeieo?eia?noai yceeiaa, iiaa iiaoe/ia, o?eieia?/i? aeai?).

Ooo eiinoaoo?oueny, ui I. Ae?aaiiaiia iineoaiaoaaany e?iaa?noe/ieie
oa?i?iaie o oae?e oiiaoeei-ii?oieia?/i?e oi?i?, ui a?aeaeaa? ii?ie
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae ae?oai? iieiaeie XIX no.

Ii??aiyii c e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eie oa?i?iaie, ??aaiue aiioeaiino?
e?iaa?noe/ieo oa?i?i?a ieae/ee, a aenieee nooi?iue aano?aeoiino?
iiaiciaa/eo oa?i?i?a iaoiiaeth? aaeeaaiiy ?o eeoa o oi?i? iaeieie.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiie
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iieiaeaiiy, aeianai? ia caoeno.

Ae?yeuei?noue I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa aoea ni?yiiaaia ia ae?iaeaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai noeeth, cie?aia iaoeiai-ioae?oeenoe/iiai;
iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai, ii/eiath/e ?c 70o ?ie?a XIX no., ui ? ia?oei
ie?aeiei ia??iaeii oai?aiiy e oeeaaeaiiy iiai? oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai?
oa?i?iieia?? a oiiaao aacaea?aeaaiino?.

Neeaae oa?i?iieaenai iaoaiiae I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia a?aeaeaa? ? ia iiaea
?ai?acaiooaaoe anth oa?i?iieia?th o?eieia??, ine?eueee aiia ia’?aeio?
oaiaoe/ii oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii ia?eiaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy. ? ana
ae cao?eniaai? oa?i?ie ? na?ae/aiiyi aano?aeoecaoe?? oe?a?inueei?
eaeneee. Aaeeeee a?aenioie iieniaeo oa?i?iiniieoe ? na?ae/aiiyi
iaonoaeaiino?, iaaii? noeo?eiino? a oaeeaaii? iiaeo oa?i?i?a.

Oi/a ia an? oa?i?ie ocae/a?eeny a iaoeia?e iia? o?eieia??, oa ana ae
I. Ae?aaiiaiia aieeioa ia aea?? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii?
oa?i?iieia??. A?i ye iiaia iniaeno?noue ni?eya ?icoe?aiith, caaaa/aiith
? aaeineiiaeaiith neiaieeiaiai neeaaeo oe?a?inueei? oa?i?iiiiae ye
ye?nii, oae ? e?euee?nii.

Aeiaeaoie

O aeiaeaoeo “Neiaiee o?eieia?/ieo oa?i?i?a I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa” c?a?aii
eaenaie, ui ia?aaaaeii iienai? a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?.
Neiaieeia? noaoo? neeaaeathoueny ?c noenei? aaiaoe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oa?i?ia, eiai oeoia/aiiy e i?eeeaaeo eiai aaeeaaiiy o eiioaeno?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. ?ieue I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa a ooaa?aeaeaii? iaca ae?y/?a e?oa?aoo?e a
oe?a?inuee?e iia? e?ioey XIX noie?ooy. O ei.: No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae a
?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo: Ca??. iaoe. i?aoeue, i?ena. iai. i?io.
N.I. Naiieeaiea. – Caii??aeaey, 1996. – *. ?. – N. 123–125.

2. ?noi??y aea/aiiy oa no/ani? i?iaeaie oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i?
oa?i?iieia?? // O/. cai. Neioa?iiie. ain. oi-oa. – Na?ey: Yeiiiieea.
Aaia?aoey. Enoi?ey. Oeeieiaey. – Neioa?iiieue, 1997. – ?3 (42). –
N. 96–102 (o ni?aaao.: ?.N.?aaooaanueeee, I.O.Oaoae?ia).

3. C iiaeo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo iiceoe?e // Neiai ? /an. – 1998.
– ?2. – N. 61-63 (o ni?aaao.: ?.N.?aaooaanueeee, I.O.Oaoae?ia).

4. I?eioeeie oeeaaeaiiy neiaieea oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoe/ii?
oa?i?iieia??. – O ei.: Iia? i?aeoiaee aei o?eieia?? o aeu?e oeie?: Ca.
iaoe. i?aoeue // Ca ?aae. A.I.Iaoiaiea. – Caii??aeaey, 1998. – N. 33–34
(o ni?aaao.: ?.N.?aaooaanueeee, I.O.Oaoae?ia).

5. Oa?i?ie aeey iaceaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo iai?yie?a ? oa/?e o oai?/?e
niaaeuei? I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – O ei.: Nenoaia ? no?oeoo?a
no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia: I?aeeao. ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. – E., 1998. – N.
135–138.

6. E?oa?aoo?iciaa/a oa?i?iieia?y e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/ieo oai??a
I.I.Ae?aaiia iiaa a na?oe? eiai oai?aoe/ieo iiaeyae?a // Naiaioeea iiae
? oaenoo: Iaoa?. i?aeia?. iaoe. eiio. –
?a.-O?aie?anuee, 1993. – N. 71–73.

7. I. Ae?aaiiaiia e i?iaeaiu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey oe?aeineie
eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneie e oieueeei?enoe/aneie oa?ieiieiaee //
Ooieoeeiiaeueiay eeiaaenoeea: Iaoa?. eiio. – Neioa?iiieue, 1995. –
N. 49–50.

8. Aeeaae Ean? Oe?a?iee a ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
oa?i?iieia?? // E?oa?aoo?iee oaiiiai Ean? Oe?a?iee: Oace aeii. oa
iia?aeii. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. – N?ioa?iiieue, 1996. – N. 1617.

9. E?oa?aoo?iciaa/a oa?i?iieia?y aeo?iaeo “Iniiaa” //
Ee?eei-Iaoiae??anueea oiaa?enoai – ia?oa oe?a?inueea iie?oe/ia
i?aai?caoe?y: Iaoa?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. – N?ioa?iiieue, 1996. – N. 5–7.

10. Oai?aoeei-e?oa?aoo?iciaa/? iiaeyaee oa e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a
oa?i?iieia?y a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo I. A?ooaanueeiai // Aaeeeee oe?a?iaoeue:
Iaoa?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. – N?ioa?iiieue, 1996. – N. 37.

11. Oieueeei?enoe/ia oa?i?iieia?y I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa a na?oe? eiai
oai?aoe/ieo iiaeyae?a:// Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue: Oace
aeii. Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio. – E., 1996. – N. 20.

 

Aea?ea/ A.A. O?eieia?/ia oa?i?iieia?y I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a nenoai?
oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? oa?i?iieia?? e?ioey XIX – ii/aoeo XX no. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01. – oe?a?inueea iiaa. ?inoeooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O ?iaio? aeine?aeaeo?oueny e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a, oieueeei?enoe/ia oa
e?iaa?noe/ia oa?i?iieia?y noaoae, ?ica?aeie ? eenooaaiiy
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa 70–90-o ?ie?a XIX no. Aeie?aieththoueny oaiaoe/i?
a?oie, eaeneei-aaiaoe/i? oa no?oeoo?i? oeie iacaaieo oa?i?iieia?/ieo
?ic?yae?a. Aiae?c iaoaiiae a/aiiai cae?enith?oueny ?c a?aooaaiiyi
eaene/ii? oa ii?oieia?/ii? aeeiai?ee oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae o
ae?oa?e iieiaei? XIX no.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoaiiaa, o?eieia?/ia oa?i?iieia?y, oaiaoe/ia a?oia.

Aea?ea/ A.A. Oeeieiae/aneay oa?ieiieiaey I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa a nenoaia
oa?ieiieiaee eiioea XIX – ia/aea XX no. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue. Einoeooo
ycueiaaaeaiey ei. A.A.Iioaaie IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A ?aaioa enneaaeoaony eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneay, oieueeei?enoe/aneay e
eeiaaenoe/aneay oa?ieiieiaey noaoae, enneaaeiaaiee e ienai
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa 70–90-o aiaeia XIX no.

N iiiiuueth iienaoaeueiiai, eae iniiaiiai, a oaeaea iaoiaeia
eiee/anoaaiiiai e neio?iiiiai n?acia, i?e?iia eeiaaenoe/aneiai
iaaethaeaiey, eaeneeieiae/aneiai niiinoaaeaiey, enoi?eei-ycueiaiai
iaiauaiey, aeia?i-aeiiieie/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey a aeenna?oaoeee
i?aaenoaaeaiu oaiaoe/aneea a?oiiu ieiei 1000 enneaaeoaiuo oa?ieiia e
iiiaieeaoo?.

Yoio oaeoe/aneee iaoa?eae i?iaiaeece?iaai a aeaoo ?acaeaeao:
“Oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaiu eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneeo e oieueeei?enoe/aneeo
oa?ieiia oai?/aneiai ianeaaeey I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa” e “Oa?aeoa?enoeea
eeiaaenoe/aneeo oa?ieiia oai?/aneiai ianeaaeey I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa”. A ieo
io?aaeaiu ooieoeeiiaeueii-oaiaoe/aneia a?oiie?iaaiea oa?ieiia, eo
eaeneei-aaiaoe/aneia e no?oeoo?iia iiiaiia?acea.

A ?aaioa aeieacaii, /oi I. Ae?aaiiaiia iniciaiii iiaeoiaeee e
oiio?aaeaieth oa?ieiia n o/?oii yaeaiee iieenaiee e neiiieiee a ?acaeoee
eaeneee eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea, iaoeeiiaeueiie oiiaoeei-ii?oieiae/aneie
aaeaioaoeee eiiycu/iuo e noiaeiuo ?inneenei-oe?aeineeo oa?ieiia;
niinianoaiaae iiiieiaieth oe?aeineie oa?ieiieiaee neiaaie ia iaicia/aiea
noanoaioeae?iaaiiuo ea/anoa. A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey onoaiiaeaii, /oi
iaee/ea ii?oieiae/aneie aa?eaioiinoe I. Ae?aaiiaiia ia iia i?aiaeieaoue
aneaaenoaea iauaeoeaiuo ycueiauo e aiaycueiauo i?e/ei; /oi
o/?iue-ioaeeoeeno caieiae iiceoeeth oianoiiai oiio?aaeaiey eiiycu/iuo e
nianoaaiii oe?aeineeo iiaiia?aciaaiee n o/?oii eo ianoa a iao/iii ycuea
Aa?iiu e ?innee, niioaaonoaey iaoeeiiaeueiie ycueiaie nenoaia.

A aeenna?oaoeee ionoaeaaaony iiceoeey, /oi aeayoaeueiinoue
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa auea iai?aaeaia ia au?aaioeo oe?aeineiai iao/iiai noeey,
a /anoiinoe aai iao/ii-ioaeeoeenoe/aneiai, iao/ii-iiioeyy?iiai aeai?ia,
ia/eiay n 70-o aa. XIX no., o.a. a ia?aue ieiaeioai?iue ia?eiae
nicaeaiey iiaie oe?aeineie iao/iie oa?ieiieiaee a oneiaeyo
aacainoaea?noaaiiinoe.

Oeeieiae/aneay oa?ieiieiaey, oiio?aaeyaiay I.Ae?aaiiaiiaui, ca
iaaieueoei eneeth/aieai, aoiaeeo a ninoaa niioaaonoaothueo nia?aiaiiuo
oa?ieiinenoai.

Nia?aiiue iaoa?eae iauaaeei?i e nenoaiaoece?iaai a i?eeiaeaiee “Neiaa?ue
oeeieiae/aneeo oa?ieiia I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa” (163 no?aieoeu neiaa?iuo
noaoae n e?aoeie aaiaoe/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeeie, oieeiaaieai e i?eia?ii
oiio?aaeaiey oa?ieia a eiioaenoa).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoaycue, oeeieiae/aneay oa?ieiieiaey, oaiaoe/aneay
a?oiia.

Derkach V.V. Philological terminology by M.P.Dragomanov in the system of
the Ukrainian scientific terminology of the late 19th to the early 20th
century. – The manuscript.

The thesis is submitted to compete for a scientific degree of the
Candidate of Philology. Field of concentration 10.02.01 – Ukrainian
Language. – O.O.Potebnya Institute of Linguistics, National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

In the thesis the terminology concerning literary criticism, folklore
and linguistics of the M.P.Dragomanov’s articles, investigations and
letters of 1870–1890s has been researched. The subject groups, the
lexico-genetical and structural types of the above terminological
categories are distinguished. The analysis of the scientist’s individual
language has been done taking into account the lexical and morphological
dynamics of the Ukrainian literary language of the second half of the
19th century.

Key words: Individual Language, Philological Terminology, Subject Group.

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