?inoeooo o?einio?? ?i. a.n. neiai?iaee

IAoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaeaiei Na?a?e Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 130.3

Oaiiiaiieia?y a?oaoeio

a nenoai? nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai inai?iiy

eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai

(ia iaoa??aeao oai?/ino? E.A.THiaa)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.03. – nioe?aeueia

o?einio?y oa o?einio?y ?noi???

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio e?iaa?noe/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

ia eaoaae?? o?einio??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?einio?? Ee?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai e?iaa?noe/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

A?iaei Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaa/oe Ea?ena Oeiio??aia,

caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith aoeee, anoaoeee
oa eoeueoo?ieia??

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe,

Iiniaa Aaiia TH???aia,

iieiaeoee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

?inoeoooo o?einio?? ?iai?
A.N.Neiai?iaee

IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie

“Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”, eaoaae?a o?einio??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.161.02. a ?inoeooo? o?einio??

?iai? A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, Ee?a-1,
aoe.O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?einio??

?iai? A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, Ee?a-1,
aoe.O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,
Neoie/aiei E.A.

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaiaaath/enue ioe?ieoe oeyo,
i?ieaeaiee oe?a?inueeei noni?euenoaii ca ?iee noaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiino?,
i?ioeane nioe?aeueiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia iiaeieaiiy
aeaaoiai?ciaaiiai oioae?oa?iiai ieioeiai, ooaa?aeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ye
iiaiii?aaiiai /eaia na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa, ie i?eoiaeeii aei
aeniiae?a i?i iaiao?aei?noue aeeaieeo ianooaaieo ia?aoai?aiue nioe?oio
oa ona?aeiieaiiy neeaaeiino? ? noia?a/eeaino? iei?oiueiai aoaio ?icaeoeo
ethaenueei? oeea?e?caoe??. I?ioa, iaiaeiicia/i?noue i?aeoeee
nioe?aeueiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy oa iaieio/? iaaaea/?, ui ??
noi?iaiaeaeothoue, ciooothoue aeoiaoe ia no?eueee i?i oeai?noue
iaoiae?a, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny, oa iiaeeeao iaeiiiaoaioi?noue eiai
i?aai?caoi??a ? aeeiiaaoe?a, ne?eueee i?i ?nioaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueieo
iiieeie, coiiaeaieo oyaa?ai ieioeiai aeina?aeo. Iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy a
ia?aoai?aii? noni?euenoaa ia?aaeaa/athoue iiaeeea?noue “iethaeiaiiy”
an?o eiai ?inoeooo?a, a ioi/aii? yeeo i?ioiaeeoue aeeooy ?iaeea?aeo eeoa
o?eueee oeyoii i?ciaiiy ni?aaaeiuei? i?e?iaee iniaenoino?, nooiino? ??
aca?iiae?? c nioe?aeueieie no?oeoo?aie ca?aaee anaa?/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
iiaeeeainoae Ethaeeie.

Iiooe a?aeiia?aeae ia iaea?/i? ieoaiiy ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy niiioea?
aei ana iiaeo ni?ia ?o aeooae?caoe??, inieneaiiy o??? ??ciiiai?oii?
?aeiino?, yeith ? ? na?o. Oaea iio?aaa aeieea? aiane?aeie aaciaaeii?
i?iaeaiaoe/iino? oa noo?aiaaiino? aoooy ethaeeie. ? ia?aaeon?i oea
noino?oueny caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a, iaoiaeieia?e oa eiie?aoieo iai?yie?a
aeine?aeaeaiue. Noi?iiaai? a iaaeao ?a?iiaenueei? ?aoe?iiae?noe/ii?
o?aaeeoe?? i?aeoiaee, iani?iiiaei? iiaii, aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aceoe oa
ioe?ieoe ?ieue ? i?noea ethaeeie, noni?euenoaa oa Oi?aa?noio, oa?aeoa?,
ianooaae, niiniae oa iiaeeea? ia?niaeoeae ?o aca?iiae?? a no/anieo
oiiaao. Naia oiio ia ceai? noie?oue ia? i?noea aei oeueiai iaaa/aiee
iaoiaeieia?/iee ieth?ae?ci, yeee iaaiith i??ith caiiaith? aaeooi o
o?einionueeiio inyaaii? i?iaeai. Oeae oaeo iiaeiai ia ianoi?iaeoaaoe, a
ni?eeiaoeny ye ae?enia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ieth?ae?noe/iiai oa?aeoa?o
ethaenueeiai aoooy e oi?eaeueiino? naii? ethaeeie, ui e i?iaieo?
iai?aeeia?i? iaoeia? iiooee uiaei ?? nooiino?.

A?aee?eooy iana?aeiiiai oa ??ciiiai?oieo eiai aeya?a, noaei iaeiei c
aoai?a aeiaaeueii? ia?ai???ioaoe?? aaee/aciiai ianeao o?einionueei?
i?iaeaiaoeee, eio?ee aecia/a? iacaia?a/io cia/ou?noue na?aeiiino?, oa ??
eiiiiiaio?a a aeeoo? ?iaeea?aeo ? noni?euenoaa. Eiinoeoothaaiiy o
na?aeiiino? ethaeeie i?ioeeaaeiiai ii/aoeo, ni?eyei oi?ioaaiith iiaiai
iiey aca?iiae?? oeeo aeno?aeieo aeaiaio?a ?? aoooy. Ui e ni?e/eieei
aeieeiaiiy i?eioeeiiai iiaeo iai?yi?a nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? ia?ainieneththoue e??cue i?ecio neooaoe??, yea
ci?ieeany, iaea?/i? aoiai?oa?i? i?iaeaie, eio?? noinothoueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?ioeeaaeiinoae: aioo??oi?-ciai?oi?,
iaoa??aeueia-?aeaaeueia, ?aoe?iiaeueia-???aoe?iiaeueia,
i?e?iaei?-ethaenueea, /ieia?/a-ae?ii/a, a?ieia?/ia-nioe?aeueia,
oeea?e?caoe?eia-eoeueoo?ia, o?aaeeoe?eia-iiaaoi?nueea,
?iaeea?aeoaeueia-eieaeoeaia ? oaea ?ioa.

Iayai?noue oaeiai oe?ieiai niaeo?o i?iaeaiaoeee aacoiiaii aeooae?co?
ni?aao ii?aoethaaiiy iaoiaeieia??, yea aeicaiey? a?aeiiaeoe oa e iaaeae?
caa??aaoe oe?e?ni?noue ?iaeea?aeo, yea aoea aeia?eueii iiae?eaia, a
iaaeao oioaeueiiai iaioaaiiy ?aoe?iiae?cio, i?ae ie?aieie, aocueei
niaoe?aeueieie iaoeiaeie iai?yiaie, oai??yie, eiioeaioe?yie, oeieaie ?
eaoaae?aie. Ao?i – iacaia?a/ii aeioe?eueiei ? oi?ioaaiiy icia/aii?
nenoaie i?eioeei?a ia i?aenoaa? a?aeoai?aiiy oa ?icaeoeo aaoaioe/ieo
?aeae caniiaieea aiae?oe/ii? ineoieia?? E.A. THiaa, ye? oaeiae a?ae/oee
ia nia? iaiaaeai?noue aaeocaai? iaoee, naia ?nioaaiiy yei? a a?eueoino?
iia’ycaia c i?ea?iaeueiith oai?/?noth a/aieo oaeiai ??aiy. Aaoi?nueea
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oai?aoe/iiai niaaeeo oaaeoea?nueeiai ieneeoaey ni?yiiaaia
naia ia a?aeoai?aiiy oe?eueiino? oa oai?/ee ?icaeoie eiai
eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? eiioeaioe??, ui aeicaieeoue iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii
aena?oeeoe a oeueiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?ieue oaiiiaiieia?? a?oaoeio ye
iaoiaeieia?/ii? iniiae inai?iiy eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai.

Nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Aiae?c aoai?a oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiai?
ia?aaeeaie iana?aeiiiai aeicaiey? a?aeie?aieoe ?yae iayaieo
aeine?aeieoeueeeo iai?yi?a, iaeei c yeeo i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? ??
caaaeueii-o?einionueeeo aniaeo?a. Oae o A.Eaeaieoey, iana?aeiia, yea
ciaoiaeeoueny ca iaaeath ona?aeiieaieo oyaeaiue, ?icaeyaeaeiny ye
iaea?eueo iecueea oi?ia aeooaaii? ae?yeueiino?. sseui Ae.Aa?oe?
iia’ycoaaa iana?aeiia c ae?yeuei?noth ia?aiai? nenoaie, oi ?.Eaio
?ioa?i?aooaaa eiai ye aeya o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueii? ?aeiino? aiia?oeaioe??.
C oeeo iiceoe?e ?icaeyaeaa aieth ye aeno?aeiee i?eioeei aeeooy e
A.Oiiaiaaoa?. A o i?aoe? “O?einio?y iana?aeiiiai” A.Aa?oiai i?aeiya
iana?aeiia aei ?aiao oi?aa?naeueiiai ii/aoeo oa iniiae aoooy.

Noaiiaeaiiy iaaeeei-ineoieia?/iiai iai?yio aeine?aeaeaiiy iana?aeiiiai
iia’yco?oueny c eiai oa?aeoa?enoeeith ye aeeiai?/iiai i?ioeano
?.O.Aa?aa?oii o 1824 ?ioe?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?aioeocueei? ineo?ao?e/ii?
oeiee (O.-A. Iania?, AE.Oa?ei, E.Oa?oie, ?.aea Ninnth?, AE.Eaeai oa ?i.)
aeicaieeee aecia/eoe a?aei?iio a?ae na?aeiii? ineo?/io iaoieia?/io
ae?yeuei?noue, yea ia ona?aeiieth?oueny iaoe??ioii, i?iaeiaaeaiiy oe???
e?i?? iia’ycaia c i?aoeyie C.O?aeaea, yeee anoaiiaea aaciina?aaei?
ca’ycee i?ae iaa?ioe/ieie neiioiiaie oa iana?aeiieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie
o?aaiaoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. A?i oeoia/ea iana?aeiia ye iiaooith,
aioaaii?noe/io na?aeiiino?, ???aoe?iiaeueio neeo. C ineoiaiae?oe/iei
a/aiiyi O?aeaea iia’ycaia aeieeiaiiy oe?eiai ?yaeo oe?e: a?ae
i?oiaeienaeueieo, aei ??aoe/ieo (A.Aaeea?, A.?aeo, I.?aie, A.O?iii,
E.Oi?i?, O.Oii, O. Eaoae?).

Ooiaeaiaioaeueiith oai?aoe/iith iniiaith oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
i?aoe? iaeiiai c “a?aenooiiee?a” o?aeae?anueeiai ineoiaiae?co E.A.
THiaa, oai?/?noue yeiai ia o?eueee aeoioeth? i?aenoiee
caaaeueii-o?einionueeeo oa ineo?ao?e/ieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aea e
i?noeoue iaeoe?oee niaeo? i?oieia?/iiai, ?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/iiai,
o?einionueei-i?noe/iiai oa acioa?e/iiai iaoa??aeo. Oea aeicaieeei eiio
ioi?ieoe ?acoeueoaoe nai?o ocaaaeueiaiue o a?oioiaio eoeueoo?ieia?/io
eiioeaioe?th, a ye?e iia’yco?oueny ?ieue a?oaoei?a eieaeoeaiiai
iana?aeiiiai c i?ioeanaie eoeueoo?iiai noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeo oa
noni?euenoaa, yea, aiaeii/an, a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae noaeeo, aeo?eiaieo a
eeane/ieo ?aoe?iiae?noe/ieo o?aaeeoe?yo, iiaeyae?a ia iana?aeii?
aeaoa?i?iaioe noni?eueiiai aeeooy.

Aaciina?aaeiuei c oeei iia’ycaiee ? aaoi?nueeee aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo
?ic?iaie thia?ainueeeo o/i?a oa iine?aeiaiee?a, a oaeiae /enaeueieo
?ioa?i?aoaoi??a eiai oai?/ino? (A.Naioaen, E.Noaei – oeiea ?icaeoeo a
aiae?oe/i?e ineoieia??; Aeae.Oaiaea?nai, I.-E. oii O?aioe, ?.sseia?, A.
ssooa, Aeae.A.Oiee, A.Aaeea?, A.Iieiai – eeane/ia oeiea a aiae?oe/i?e
ineoieia??; Aeae.O?eeiai – a?oaoei?/ia oeiea a aiae?oe/i?e ineoieia??;
E.Ea?ai’?, A.?inn?, A.Aeiaa?, ?.Oianii, , Ae.Oi??, No.A?io,
A.?.Aeaeiinii, *. ?aee?ioo, ?.Iiaeai?i, oa ?i.). Iniaeeai ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?eeainueeiai ineoieiaa-aiae?oeea
oe?a?inueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy A.Iaeaeieea, yeee iaea?eueo aeecueei
i?ae?eoia aei ona?aeiieaiiy nioe?aeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee oai?/iai niaaeeo
E.A. THiaa.

Cayaeaia oaia ? i?eioeeiiai iiaith ye aeey eieeoiuei? ?aaeyinueei?, oae
? aeey a?o/eciyii? o?einionueei? aeoiee. Oi/a ie?ai? aniaeoe
i?iaeaiaoeee, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny, ?icaeaaeeny a i?aoeyo A.Aaa?eioeaaa,
I.Aaoo?ia, I.Ao?aae/a, A.Iaeaoeinueeiai, A.Eiaea, A.Eaea?ia, ?.
Ea?aeaoa?e?, A.Oiii?iaa (aca?iiae?y na?aeiiino? oa iana?aeiiiai a
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio eiioaeno?), A.Caeainueeiai, I. Eae?ii?, ?.Oeiiuoe,
A.E?oaeeeiaa, A.Eaeaaaaeca (aiae?oeei-ineoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?). Oe?a?inueea o?einionueea o?aaeeoe?y
aena?oeaiiy ieoaiue noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai iaoiaeo inai?iiy
ae?eniino? ?ai?acaioiaaia i?aoeyie ?.Aeno?eoeueeiai, N.Aaceeoaaiea,
A.Ai?ae, ?.Aieiaaoe, I.Iai?ii?, A.Oaoaiea, A.Aeaieeaiea. Aeine?aeaeaiith
iniaeeainoae thia?ainoaa i?enay/ai? i?aoe? N.E?einueeiai, E.Eaa/oe,
E.Aaacaiei, I.Oai?oiaa, ?.AEa?aae?ii?, A.Iaeeoe.

I?aaiaiiy aaoi?a aei a?eueo aaeaeaaoii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? thia?ainueeiai
niaaeeo coiiaeei eiai caa?iaiiy aei i?aoeue I.Iaia?aeaoa?e? ?
A.I’yoeai?nueeiai (i?iaeaia neiaie?/ieo ci?no?a na?aeiiino?), O.Ea?eioa,
O.A?aoaean, A.A?eiai, I.Ein?aa, I.Oieea, Aeae.Oiee?, A.Eann??a?a,
A.Aaoey?a, I.Ae?aaea, E.Eaa?-A?they, A.Aeth?eaaeia, A.Eaaiia,
E.Eaa?-No?ina (aiae?c i?oineiaie?/ieo aniaeo?a aoooy ethaeeie).

Ne?ae iniaeeai cacia/eoe, ui ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue eiiaiooth/eo
aeaea?ae oa iaeaea an? i?iaiae?ciaai? aaoi?ii ?iaioe E.A.THiaa, ye?
aeeoee ae?oeii ?in?enueeith oa oe?a?inueeith iiaaie, noaee aeinooiieie
a?o/eciyi?e iaoeia?e ni?eueiio? eeoa a inoaii? ?iee.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a noai?aii?
iaoiaeieia?/ii? iiaeae?, yea ?ice?eaa? nooi?noue aca?iiae?? na?aeiiino?
oa iana?aeiiiai, oa o aecia/aii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo ia?niaeoea ??
canoinoaaiiy aei aiae?co nioe?aeueiiai aoooy ethaeeie.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c icia/aiith iaoith oi?ioeththoueny oae? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— aeaoe ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo iiiyooy “a?oaoei”;

— aecia/eoe i??o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?ieia?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai a
a?oaoei?;

— ie?aneeoe nooi?ni? iniaeeaino? a?oaoei?a oa ?o cia/aiiy aeey
?icai?oaiiy aeina?aeo na?aeiiino?;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe niaeo? a?oaoei?/ieo i?acaioaoe?e o na?aeiiino?;

— aecia/eoe ?ieue i?eioeeio i?ioeeaaeiinoae o ?icaeoeo na?aeiiiai
iaoiaeo inai?iiy iana?aeiiiai;

— ?ice?eoe ?iaa?iaoe?eiee oa?aeoa? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai inai?iiy
ae?eniino?;

— aeyaeoe ?ieue i?oo a i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy aeina?aeo
ethaenoaa;

— iieacaoe niaoeeo?eo aca?iiae?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai oa eieaeoeaiiai ye
aieiaii? ia?aaeoiiae nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? noeoii?noue aeya?a aca?iiae??
na?aeiiino? oa iana?aeiiiai a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio oa nioe?aeueiiio
aniaeoao.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?iaeaia oaiiiaiieia?/iiai ?icai?oaiiy
a?oaoei?a eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai o na?aeiiino? ?iaeea?aeo oa ?o aieea
ia nioe?aeueio ae?eni?noue.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? :

— thia?ainueeee i?eioeei iioieia?caoe?? oaiiiai?a eieaeoeaiiai
iana?aeiiiai;

— ?noi?eci ye ooiaeaiaio inai?iiy a?oaoei?/ieo i?acaioaoe?e o
na?aeiiino?;

— aiaio?iae?ii?y i?ioeeaaeiinoae ye iniiaa i?ciaiiy niaoeeo?ee ae??
a?oaoei?/ieo ci?no?a;

— ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee i?aeo?ae aei ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? neiaieo;

— i?eioeei nenoaiiino? a i?ciaii? i?ioean?a aca?iiae?? ?iaeea?aeo c eiai
nioe?aeueiei ioi/aiiyi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia cai?iiiiiaaii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o iiaoaeia?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ii? iiaeae?, yea aaeaeaaoii a?aeoai?th?
naii?icai?oaiiy a?oaoei?a eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai o na?aeiieo
eiino?oeoe?yo, ui aaco?oueny ia aiae?c? oa ocaaaeueiaii? oe?ieiai eiea
iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae.

Iniiai? aeaiaioe iiaecie:

— ie?aneth?oueny ia?aeiia aeao?i?oe?y iiiyooy “a?oaoei eieaeoeaiiai
iana?aeiiiai” ye a?aee?eoi? nenoaie, ui naiii?aai?co?oueny, oa aecia/a?,
caaea? niaeo? iiaeeeaeo nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo nain?a oa aa??aio?a ?o
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia ??ai? ye ie?aiiai ?iaeea?aeo, oae ? noni?euenoaa a
oe?eiio e aeiaiaeeoueny iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy noai?aii? ia oeeo
i?eioeeiao iaoiaeieia?? aei aiae?co ??ciiiai?oieo noa? nioe?aeueiiai
aoooy ethaeeie, aeioe?euei?noue ? ia?niaeoeae oaei? i?aeoeee;

— ?ice?eaa?oueny cia/aiiy a?oaoeio ye ?noi?e/ii niaaeei?iiiai ?inoeieoo,
nioe?aeueii aeaoa?i?iiaaiiai oaiiiaio, i??a inai?iiy yeiai oaeoe/ii ?
iieacieeii yeino? aca?iiae?? noeoiiino? i?e?iaeieo oiia ?nioaaiiy oa
aeooiaieo i???ioe??a iaaii? aiioe oa aenooia? a?aie/iei e?eoa???i
aaiethoe?? ethaenueei? oeea?e?caoe??;

— aecia/a?oueny ?ieue a?oaoeio ye aeueoa?iaoeaii? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e
na?aeiiino? aoaeoeaii? aaeaioaoe?eii? nenoaie, yea aeicaiey? ethaeei? a
iaaeao o??? /e ?ioi? ni?eueiioe iaeaaeiei /eiii aii?yaeeiaoaaoe nai?
?nioaaiiy a iniaeno?noiiio oa nioe?aeueiiio aniaeoao, o ca’yceo c /ei
?ice?eaa?oueny oa?aeoa? oa cia/aiiy ?iaa?iaoeaii? i?e?iaee nioe?aeueieo
a?aeiinei ??ciiai ??aiy caaaeueiino?, ye? aacothoueny ia iaoai?ci? ae??
iana?aeiieo i?iaeoe?e o na?aeiiino?;

— a?aoiaioo?oueny iieiaeaiiy i?i caeiiii??i?noue aoaiiiai ao?eaiiy
iana?aeiiiai neiaie?/iiai iaoa??aeo ia ??ai? na?aeiiino? — nii/aoeo a
ia?ac?, a iaaeae? ? a ciaoe?, yeee iaaaioaaeo?oueny iaaieie cia/aiiyie,
ui e i?acaioothoue iana?aeii? eiio?ao?aoe?? naino, eia?/ii caaa?ooth/e,
oaeei /eiii, i?ioean iiiiyoiaiiy;

— iaa?oioiao?oueny noaoon i?oo ye ia?iaiaioii a?aeoai?thaaii?, ?noi?e/ii
iaiaaeaii?, aea iaiao?aeii? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? ?ao?aineyoe?? noeoiiiai
aeina?aeo ethaenoaa a i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
na?aeiiino?; o ca’yceo c /ei, aac i?iaeoeoeaiiai inai?iiy icia/aiiai
eieaeoeaiiai ooiaeaiaioo iniaeno?noiee ?icaeoie (?iaeea?aeoaoe?y)
aaaaea?oueny i?eioeeiiai iaiiaeeeaei, a aoaeue-yea ethaeeia eeoa ia oeeo
i?aenoaaao io?eio? oain noaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noth ye oaeith;

— aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea aoiai?noe/ii? niaoeeo?ee thia?ainueei?
iaoiaeieia?? noiniaii aea/aiiy iniaeno?noii? aaiethoe?? oeyoii aaaaeaiiy
iiiyooy “?io?ieia?y”, yea iieno? i?eioeeie aeoeaiiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
noaiiaeaiiy oa oaeiai niiniao ia?aoai?aiiy ae?eniino?, ui aaco?oueny ia
naii?icai?oaii? iana?aeiiiai, oa yaey? niaith i?aenoiie inai?iiy
??ciia?/ieo i?iya?a na?aeiiiai ? iana?aeiiiai o iniaeno?noiiio oa
noni?eueiiio aooo?;

Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o iiaeeeaino?,
nie?ath/enue ia i?iaaaeaiee o aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aiae?c,
ia?ainieneeoe oai?/ee niaaeie E.A.THiaa a ieai? eiie?aoecaoe?? oa
nenoaiaoecaoe?? ie?aieo eiai iieiaeaiue, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue niaoeeo?eo
aca?iiae?? na?aeiiino? oa iana?aeiiiai, oa oi?ioaaiiy ia oeeo i?aenoaaao
iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a, ye? a?aee?eaathoue ia?niaeoeae
o?einionueeiai aea/aiiy oe?ieiai eiea nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai. Aiaeii/an,
ne?ae a?aei?oeoe iaiao?aei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a iie?oeoe?, aeoiaaii? oa
ina?o?, iaoiaeieia?? iaoee oa nioe?aeuei?e ineoieia??, ??ciiiai?oieo
ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo oa eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo iiooeao. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy
?iaioe, aacoiiaii, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaii?
?aeaieia?/ii? iiaeae? oa eiie?aoieo nioe?aeueieo oaoiieia?e ?aoi?ioaaiiy
oa ?icaeoeo iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, yea ? aaeaeaaoiith
aeiiaai /ano. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue neoaoaaoe iniiaith aeey
?ic?iaee eo?n?a oa niaoeeo?n?a c o?einio??, eoeueoo?ieia??, ineoieia??,
iaaeaaia?ee, anoaoeee, aoeee, e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa oiui.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aieiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o iaoa??aeao iaoeiaeo oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e:
“Iaoeia? /eoaiiy c iaaiaee 60-??//y a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy
A.N.Eaia?nueeiai” (Ee?a, 1996), Ethaeeiiciaa/? o?einionuee? /eoaiiy
“Aoiai?ci. Ethaeeia. Ii?aeuei?noue” (Ae?iaiae/, 1996), Anaoe?a?inueea
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Aeooiaia eoeueoo?a iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey”
(Eoaainuee, 1996), Anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia eiioa?aioe?y
“Aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a o oaoi?/iiio aoc?: iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee,
i?aeoeea, ia?niaeoeae” (Ee?a, 1996), “Noaiiaeaiiy a?iiac??-?iaeeie o
eiioaeno? aeeoo?oai?/ino? iniaenoino?” (Ee?a, 1998). E??i oiai,
iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aeena?oaoe?? canoiniaoaaeeny i?e iaienaii? o?ueio
?ia?o o ni?aaaoi?noa?, a?aecia/aieo aeeieiiaie a?aeiia?aeii Ia?oiai oa
Ae?oaiai Anaoe?a?inueeeo eiieo?n?a ia e?au? nooaeaionuee? oa
ani??aionuee? ?iaioe a aaeoc? noni?eueieo iaoe, i?aai?ciaaieo aeo?iaeii
“Iie?oe/ia aeoiea” oa ?inoeoooii iinoeiioi?noe/iiai noni?euenoaa: 1996?.
– “Oioaeeoa?iue ieo eae ioaao ia e?ecen eoeueoo?u” (1 ae.a.), 1997?. –
“Iiaay iauanoaaiiay ia?aaeeaia: io ieoa e niciaoaeueiiio aeaenoaeth” (1
ae.a.), 1998?. — “Iana?aeii? aeaoa?i?iaioe i?ioeano inai?iiy oa
eiino?othaaiiy nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei” (1 ae.a.).

A oaeiae iaai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o
iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? c eo?n?a eoeueoo?ieia??, ?ae?a??ciaanoaa ?
anoaoeee (1995-1997) oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
o?einio?? a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio e?iaa?noe/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaea? eiai oa?aeoa?,
iaoo e coiiaeaia eia?eith aeeeaaeaiiy, o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei yei? aiii
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a (10 ia?aa?ao?a), aeniiae?a ?
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, oa caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
neeaaea? 179 noi??iie

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny nooi?iue ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino?, aeaco?oueny
oai?aoe/ia i?aea?oioy ?iaioe, oi?ioeththoueny ?? iiaecia oa iieiaeaiiy,
ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, aecia/a?oueny iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue
aeena?oaoe??, ??aaiue ai?iaiaaiino? oa aeeeaaea?oueny ?? no?oeoo?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “A?oaoei a no?oeoo?? iana?aeiiiai” aiae?co?oueny
niaoeeo?ea a?oaoei?a eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai oa ?o cia/aiiy a
i?aai?caoe?? aca?iiae?? I?e?iaee, ethaeeie oa noni?euenoaa.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao “Ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iiiyooy a?oaoei”
i?enay/aiee aecia/aiith ci?noiaiiai iiey iiiyooy “a?oaoei” oeyoii
ni?anoaaeaiiy thia?ainueei? oai??? c ieceith ?aeae, iia’ycaieo c
aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeoaeueieo ?aeaaeueii-iaoa??aeueieo (Ieaoii, Ae?ii?n?e
A?aiiaa?o, ?.Eaio, A.Oiiaiaaoa?) oa i?e?iaeii-nioe?aeueieo (A.Aano?ai,
A.Aeth?eaaei, E.Eaa?-No?in, E.Eaa?-A?theue, E.Noaei,) aniaeo?a aoooy
ethaeeie.

Iia?oth/e iiiyooyie “iana?aeiia”, “na?aeiia”, “a?oaoei”, “aeina?ae
na?aeiiino?“, THia ?ioa?i?aoo? a?oaoei ia no?eueee ye oa?aeoa?enoeeo
ciai?oiueiai ?aeaaeueii-iaoa??aeueiiai na?oo, ne?eueee eiai ethaenueeee
aei??, oiiao oa niin?a ?nioaaiiy ?iaiaioiiai ethaeei? eieaeoeaiiai
iana?aeiiiai. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa?, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaee, ui eaoaai??y
“aeina?aeo”, o?aaeueith? oaeo ?nioaaiiy ethaenueei? na?aeiiino? ?
aaciina?aaeiuei aeaco? ia aaiaoe/iee ca’ycie na?aeiiino? oa a?oaoei?a
eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai, ye?, aenooiath/e nooi oi?iaeueieie aeaiaioaie
iana?aeiiiai, c’?aeioth/enue c iaaieie oyaeaiiyie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
aeina?aeo, caciathoue i?ea?iaeueii? na?aeiii? ia?iaee. Naia ia?aeii?noue
a?oaoei?a a?aee?eaa? iiaeeea?noue aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? na?aeiiino?,
ine?eueee aiie cae?eniththoue iiia?aaei? ia?aoai?aiiy aeina?aeo, aea
a?oaoeie ye naiioioiaeiino? naia iei, ye nai?i ?iiaoooyi, e
caia?a/othoueny. I?ioa, a?oaoei ia o?eueee aenooia? i?aai?caoi?ii oa
oai?oeai aoaeue-yeiai aeina?aeo, aea e oaeoi?ii, ui iia’yco? nainii
aeina?ae oa oyaeaiiy, ? aa?aioii iiaeeeai? i?enooiino? acaaae? onyeiai
naino.

Eiino?oeoeaia aca?iiae?y a?oaoei?a oa na?aeiiino? iiaeeeaa eeoa a ?ac?
aeciaiiy ia?ic?eaiiai ca’yceo na?aeiiiai oa iana?aeiiiai, aeeiai?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o a?aeiinei i?ioioei?a oa aeina?aeo, ?o caeaoiino? aei
aace?ia/iiai ?icaeoeo oa oneeaaeiaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, a i?ioean?
ona?aeiieaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny caeiiii??ia aaaaeaiiy iana?aeiieo no?oeoo?
aei nenoaie noaeeo iiiyo?eieo iiaeeeainoae, oi/a oea e iio?aao? iaaiiai
/ano oa ?noi?e/ii? aeenoaioe??. Oiio naiaiaea na?aeiiino? ethaeeie
ae?aaea?oueny ia a i?ioenoaaeaii? naaa ye nooiino? a?oaoeiai, a a
oai?/?e naii?aae?caoe?? /a?ac aaea i?acaaeai? niiniae aa?iii?caoe?? ??
ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai na?oo, ioaea, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee aeina?ae
ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe nooi na?aeiiei i?iaeoeoii.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “A?oaeuei? aniaeoe i?e?iaee a?oaoeio”
aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? a?oaoei?a, ye? ? niiniaaie ?nioaaiiy
?inoeieo?a naia ia ??ai? ethaenueeiai. I?eioneath/e iiaeeea?noue eeoa
iaiaaeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiiyooy “?inoeieo”, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaeyae
nooi a?ieia?/iiai aniaeoo iiaaae?iee, noinoie?a c na?aaeiaeuai, aaoi?
iaiieyaa? ia ae??oaeueiiio cia/aii? a?oaoeio a no?oeoo?oaaii?
eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai i?ae aieeaii eiiieaeno nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a —
iaoa??aeueieo oiia ?nioaaiiy noni?euenoaa oa aeooiaieo i???ioe??a, ui
aecia/athoue ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ethaenoaa.

Noa?a ae?? a?oaoeio aecia/a?oueny a?aenooi?noth ?ic?iaeaii? o iaae?ao
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino?, aai ae caiice/aii? iath, a iio?i
canai?ii?, aoaeoeaii? aaeaioaoe?eii? nenoaie. Naia oiio o na?aeii?noue
?ioaa?othoueny o?eueee o? noi?iie a?oaoeio, ui aenooiathoue ?aaeueiith
eiiiainaoe??th aaeaioaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a, yeeo ia aenoa/a?, a naia oi?ie
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iiaaae?iee ethaeeie a oiio /e ?ioiio iai?yieo,
noi?ioeueiaai? ianaiia?aae o i?oao. Aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui
nioe?ieoeueoo?iee iioaioe?ae a?oaoeio iieyaa? naia a eiai caeaoiino?
aeyaeyoe, ioi?ieyoe, aeyaeyoe o na?aeiiino?, oa ca aeiiiiiaith neiaie?a
c’?aeioaaoe aeooiaiee aeina?ae ethaenueeeo iieie?iue. Ui e ?
iaiaei?iiith oiiaith iniaeno?noiiai oa nioe?aeueiiai i?ia?ano.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao “Nooi?ni? iniaeeaino? a?oaoei?a oa ?o cia/aiiy o
?icai?oaii? aeina?aeo na?aeiiino?” i?noeoue ia?aeiiee ci?noiaiee aiae?c
a?oaoei?a, ye? iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii ae?aaeathoue i?e?iaeo aca?iiae??
iana?aeiiiai oa na?aeiiino?, ui e aeicaiey? noi?ioethaaoe aaoi?nueeee
aa??aio aecia/aiiy oeaio?aeueiiai iiiyooy ?iaioe “a?oaoei eieaeoeaiiai
iana?aeiiiai”.

Niaoeeo?ea ia?oiia?aco ? oaeith, ui iaeiiai ?aco io?eiaaoe oi?io, a?i
i?iaeiaaeo? noaaaoe a nai?o ?iaa??aioao. Naia oiio ? aoaeue-yeee
eiie?aoiee a?oaoei, ? eiai neooaoe?eia aca?iiae?y c ?ioeie a?oaoeiaie ia
iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny iaoai?noe/ii. A?aieoe? i?ae a?oaoeiaie ?icieo?,
ui e coiiaeth? ia?iaiaioiee aca?iiiai?i ?o iaaieie yeinoyie, yeee
ae?aaea? aeii?ioth/o oaiaeaioe?th ?icaeoeo iana?aeiiiai, ui iieyaa? o
i?aaiaii? aa?iii?coaaoe ye ua iaona?aeiieai?, oae ? aeania na?aeii?
ci?noe, ui e neeaaea? nooue a?oaoeio Naiino? — caoeo?iaaii?, ciyoi? a
iana?aeiiiio ?aeiino? aeeaiai ? iaaeeaiai na?oo, ui noaa?aeaeo? nain
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aoooy, iaaeath/e inoaiiueiio noaoono anacaaaeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ? oei naiei ni?eyth/? caa?aaeaiith oa ooaa?aeaeaiith
ethaenoaa ye iaaii? oe?e?niino?. Aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui iana?aeiia iiaea
aooe iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaii inai?ia na?aeii?noth eeoa o?eueee ia
i?aenoaa? eiai aeanieo i?eioeei?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “AIAE?C NA?AeIIEO I?ACAIOAOe?E A?OAOEI?*IEO CI?NO?A”
aiae?cothoueny i?eioeei aca?iiae?? iana?aeiiiai c? na?aeii?noth,
ia?aeiia ?icai?oaiiy a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e na?aeiiino? a?oaoei?a
eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai ? iaoai?cie ?o inai?iiy.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao “I?eioeei i?ioeeaaeiinoae o noaiiaeaii? na?aeiiiai
iaoiaeo inai?iiy iana?aeiiiai” oa?aeoa?eco? i?eioeei i?ioeeaaeiinoae ye
iioieia?/ii cia/ouiai a i?ciaii? nooiino? ethaeeie. Niaoeeo?ea
aca?iiae?? na?aeiiino? oa iana?aeiiiai, iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?ae oeeie
i?ioeeaaeiinoyie caaaeaee ?nio? iaaia i??a aia?aaoe/ii? iai?oae,
coiiaeaii? iniaeeainoyie AEeooy ye nenoaie, ui naiii?aai?co?oueny.
Aiaio?iae?ii?y i?ioeeaaeiinoae ye cono??/iee ?oo na?aeiiiai oa
iana?aeiiiai aeoeaioo? oaaao ia eeth/ia?e ?ie? iaio noi??i ? ia?aaeaa/a?
iaiao?aeia caa?aaeaiiy naiino?eiino?, aeaiiino?aoe?th ?o ia’?eoeaii?
coiiaeaiino?, a ni?iae ae ?o ianeeueieoeueeiai ?icae?eo a iaaeao oeueiai
i?ioeano, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, i?aaenoaaeythoueny iaiiaeeeaeie oa
iai?aaii??ieie.

Aeciaiiy i?eioeeiiai? a?aeiiniino? na?aeiiiai oa iana?aeiiiai aea?
iiaeeea?noue aecia/aoe aoaeue-yeee oaeo ae?eniino? ye iaaaioaaeaiee o
iaaiiio nain? e na?aeiiei, ? iana?aeiiei ci?noii. Na?aeii?noue, ui
“aeoyaioea” c aeeaei iana?aeiiiai a?aeiia?aeiee a?oaoei?/iee ci?no,
io?eio? a nai? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy aeoioeueiaaio o iana?aeiiiio aia?a?th,
yea, o ?ac? c’?aeiaiiy ia o?eueee c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei aeina?aeii, aea ?
c ??ciiiai?oieie a?oiiaeie oe?iiinoyie oa o?aaeeoe?yie, ui neeaaeathoue
ethaenueeo eoeueoo?o, ao?eththoueny o neiaie?. A?i, ye ni?aaaei?e
i?aenoiie o?ainoeaiaeaioe??, aeaiiino?o? ?noeii? iiaeeeaino? iaio
i?ioeeaaeiinoae, a noi?iiaaia, oaeei /eiii, ia?acia oyaeaiiy ?o
aiaio?iae?ii?/iiai ?ooo naieoe?iio?oueny oa coiiaeth?oueny a?oaoeiii.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? ”Ia?aciee oa neiaie?/iee ??ai? a?aeoai?aiiy o
na?aeiiino? iana?aeiieo ci?no?a” iiaea?oueny ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y aeaio
aeno?aeieo niinia?a i?acaioaoe?? a?oaoei?/iiai a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e
na?aeiiino? oa ?o cia/aiiy aeey oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?.

A?oaoei i?aaenoaaey? iana?aeii? ci?noe o?eueee a oiio aeaeyae?, a yeiio
aiie iiaeooue aooe ?ioaa?iaai? a Aai. Oiio, a?aeooeoth/e iaea?eueo
aaeaeaaoio oi?io aeaiiino?aoe?? i?ioeeaaeiinoae, a?i ni?ey? ?o
iiaeaeueoiio ona?aeiieaiith. Noeoii?noue aeooaeueieo iana?aeiieo ci?no?a
cacia? nii/aoeo o iana?aeiiiio, a iio?i e o na?aeiiino? ?yaeo ia?aeiieo
o?ainoi?iaoe?e, i?aenoieii yeeo ? ia?iaeaeaiiy iana?aeiii? oaioac??,
ia?aco, yeee noa? iniiaiei iai/iei caniaii ae?aaeaiiy a?oaoei?/ieo
canaae oa niiniaii i?ea’ycoaaiiy na?aeiiino? aei ae?eniino?.

C aeeth/aiiyi ia?ac?a aei noeoiiino? oaiiiai?a noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?,
aiie ia?aoai?ththoueny c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ooai?aiue ia eieaeoeai? oa
oi?aa?naeuei?, iaaoaath/e, oeyoii ona?aeiieaiiy, cia/aiiy oa naino.
Aiane?aeie noeo?eiino? i?ioean?a ia?acioai?/ino?, eeoa c iiyaith neiaieo
aeieea? ?aaeueia ia?niaeoeaa ona?aeiieaiiy iana?aeiieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e, a
iino?eia ia?aaeeaaiiy a ia?acao oa ia?ac?a ? iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith
noaiiaeaiiy neiaieo — ia?aco i?aaeiaoo aai yaeua, ui aeeth/aia aei
inai?ii? na?aeii?noth /anoee ae?eniino?. A iueiio a?oaoei aeaiiino?o?
iiaeeeaino? ii?aeiaiiy i?ioeeaaeiinoae ca oiia iaaaioaaeaiiy neiaieo
ieceith noa’?eoeaii cia/oueo iiae?e oa ia?ac?a, ui aeania, e ni?ey?
iiaeeeaino? ?icoi?iiy oa inieneaiiy eiai ?ie? a oeueiio i?ioean?.
Aiaeii/an, neiaie ye aeno?aeia oi/ea caio?aiiy o iana?aeiio noeo?th,
aeaco? ia i?enooi?noue a oeueiio na?o? ua e /iainue iaa?aeiiiai.

Aea neiaiee ? ianaiia?aae aaci?aaeiaoieie oaiiiaiaie na?aeiiino? ?
i?yeee aiae?c ia ciiaea i?eaanoe aei ae/eaioaaiiy a ieo iaoa??aeueieo
ia’?eo?a. Aiie a?aeia?aaeathoue aeania “oaeaaaia iaioaeueia”, oyaia,
iana?aeiia aeeooy ethaeeie oa nioe?oio. Ca aeiiiiiaith neiaieo noa?
iiaeeeaei anoaiiaeaiiy noinoie?a i?ae ianoi?nieie noi?iiaie na?aeiiino?,
ui e coiiaeth? caeaaei?noue eiai ia?acieo iniaeeainoae a?ae nooiaiy
?icaeoeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino?, ui e coiiaeei iaaio
aiiiaeuei?noue oa ia?aaeienaeuei?noue ?? ioe?iie neiaieo.

Ioaea, neiaie, cacia/a? aaoi?, noa? i?e?iaeiei iane?aeeii aca?iiae??
iana?aeiiiai oa na?aeiiino?, ?? i?ia?aeieeii o na?o? i?ioeeaaeiinoae ?
aa?aioii caaacia/aiiy noa’?eoo, ui aaciina?aaeiuei i?cia? oa
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao iana?aeiii? o?aaeeoe??, ui neeaeany, iiaeeeaino?
aoiaeaeaiiy aei caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai eiioaenoo. Oea a?aeaoaa?oueny
oeyoii iaaeaiiy na?aeiiino? iaaii? noaie ca?iaeaeaiiy, ioi?ieaiiy oa
iiaeaeueoiai ciyooy aeooaeueiiai aeey aeaii? eoeueoo?ii? aiioe
i?ioenoiyiiy i?ioeeaaeiinoae, yea, iaeiae, ia ca/?ia? ia?aeiieo
a?oaoei?/ieo ci?no?a, oa ia?niaeoeao eiai ye?nii? o?ainoi?iaoe??,
yaeyth/enue, oaeei /eiii, oa?aeoa?enoeeith iaioth/eo eieaeoeaieo
iano?i?a, noaeeo iaoai?ci?a nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??, aa?aiooth/e
iinooiiaee ?icaeoie na?aeiiino?.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao “Neiaie o nenoai? a?aeiinei “ciae-cia/aiiy-nain”
i?enay/o?oueny ?icaeyaeo eiioeaioe?e i?e?iaee neiaieo I.Ein?aa,
A.Eann??a?a, C.O?aeaea oa I.Iaia?aeaoa?e? ? A.I’yoeai?nueeiai e??cue
i?ecio aaoi?nueeiai aa/aiiy thia?ainueei? oai???.

Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui aeinooii?noue neiaieo
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e na?aeiiino? coiiaeth?oueny iina?aaeieoeoaii ia?aco ye
eiai ia?aeiii? iaoa???, ui a?aeia?aaea?oueny o ciaeiaeo oa nainiaeo
a?aeiioaiiyo, ye? caaacia/othoue i?ioean iiiiyoiaiiy neiaieo oa
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iaeea?aeii i?e iina?aaeieoeoa? ciaeiaeo nenoai, ao?eaieo o
iaaieo nioe?aeueieo eiiaaioe?yo, icia/aiiai na?oo. I?ioa, iaaeaiiy
o?eniaaieo cia/aiue neiaieai, aac o?aooaaiiy ?noi?e/iiai eiioaenoo, ?,
aacoiiaii, iiieeeiaei, ine?eueee ?o “?a/i?noue” ? ?ethc??th aai
i?iaeoe??th na?aeiiino?. Aca?iiae?y ia?aco, ciaeo oa neiaieo aeicaiey?
aeae?eeoe nain, a yeiio ao?eaia iaaeooae?ciaaia aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue
a?oaoeio.

O /aoaa?oiio ia?aa?ao? “I?iaeaia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? neiaie?/ieo ci?no?a”
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iniaeeaino? thia?ainueeiai iaoiaeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
neiaie?/iiai iaoa??aeo, ui ciaoiaeeoue na?e ae?ac o eiia?ioaaii? oa
aeooae?caoe?? iana?aeiieo nainiaeo uaae?a.

Caaaeyee ona?aeiieaiith nain noa? yaeuai, oiaoi i?aaeiaoii na?aeiieo
?ioa?i?aoaoe?e, ye? iiaeii? aooe aaeaeaaoieie oa?aeoa?o oa iniaeeainoyi
?icaeoeo ia’?eoo i?ciaiiy, ui noa? iiaeeeaei o?eueee ia i?aenoaa?
ii??aiyeueiiai aea/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?oieia?/ieo, oieueeei?ieo,
?noi?eei-?ae?a?eieo oa aoeiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aiie i???ioothoue
?ioa?i?aoaoi?a ia iiiaeeii?noue oeoia/aiue, ui coiiaeaia i?eioeeiiaith
iacaaa?oai?noth i?ioeano inai?iiy neiaieo, yea neeaaea? niin?a eiai
aoooy, oa aeicaieythoue oieeiooe iaeiia?/iino? eeane/ieo oa
iaoeiiiae?aieo oai??e. Acaaae?, aoaeue-yea ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ia iiaeiia
aooe oioaeueiith ii a?aeiioaiith aei neiaie?/iiai ci?noo, a caeeoaoe
iiaeeeaino? aei iino?eiiai eiai iiiaeaiiy. Ioaea, aaoi? iaiieyaa? ia
oiio, ui ae?aeaeoe/iee niin?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? iayai?noue oa
a?aeiiniee oa?aeoa? noa’?eoo ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, noa’?eoo, ui ?ioa?i?aoo?,
neiaieo oa eiai naino ye iiey ?o aca?iiae??.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “INIAENO?NOI? IA?AAeOIIAE NIOe?AEUeIIAI I?IA?ANO”
i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith iana?aeiieo iaoai?ci?a, ui aecia/athoue
niaoeeo?eo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai naiicae?eniaiiy ethaeeie ? a?aeiia?aeii
oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? iniaeno?noiiai oa eieaeoeaiiai a aaiethoe??
nioe?oio.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “?iaa?iaoe?eia i?e?iaea noa’?eoeaiiai inai?iiy
na?oo” ?ice?eaa?oueny iniaeeaino? ethaenueeiai niiniao inai?iiy
ioi/oth/i? ae?eniino?. Nie?ath/enue ia thia?ainueeo oai??th, aaoi?
iaiieyaa? ia aeciaii? noa’?eoeaieo i?iaeoe?e ye ?acoeueoaoo a?ae/oaeaiiy
a?ae ?iaeea?aeo aeanieo iana?aeiieo ci?no?a, ui iaaiith i??ith
ao?eththoueny a ia’?eo?, yeee i?ioenoi?oue na?aeiiino?. ?o aeieeiaiiy e
coiiaeaia eiia?iaoe?yie iniaeno?noieo ia?aaeeaaiue c a?oaoei?/ieie
ci?noaie eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai. I?iaeoe?y ? iane?aeeii ia?a?niiai
ioioiaeithaaiiy noa’?eoo c ia’?eoii aeanoeaiai iae?eoe/i?e na?aeiiino?,
iacaeaoii? aei aeaia?eaoe?? noa’?eoo oa ia’?eoo, ia’?eoo oa eiai
ioi/aiiy. Aeiee iaaiee ci?no ? ni?iaoe?eiaaiei, a?i ia ona?aeiieth?oueny
oa caeeoa?oueny iaaeinyaeiei, a ethaeeia ciaoiaeeoueny a iieii? aeaniiai
?iaai ia’?eoo, i?ioa, nai oaeo i?iaoe?thaaiiy na?ae/eoue i?i
iiaeeea?noue eiai inai?iiy.

Ia?aeiieie ia’?eoaie i?iaeoe?e noathoue ioi/oth/? ?iaeea?aea ethaee,
oeiia? neooaoe?? eiai aeeooy, ?o ?aeaae?caoe?y iiaea iaoe ye iiceoeaia,
oae ? iaaaoeaia caaa?aeaiiy, aiane?aeie /iai ?iaeea?aeo a?aee?eaathoueny
ae?enii iiceoeai? aai ae iaaaoeai? ?ene ia’?eoo. Aeaye? c ieo
inaiththoueny oa c /anii “iiaa?oathoueny” aei ?iaeea?aea o aeaeyae?
?ici?aaeiaoiaieo noa’?eoeaieo cia/aiue, ?aooa ae, oeyoii a?aeie?aieaiiy
?o a?ae ia?aeiiiai ia’?eoo, ia?aiineoueny ia ?io?, noa?a yeeo oaia?
cia/ii ?icoe?th?oueny a iai?yieo c?inoaiiy a?ae/oaeaiiy oa
aano?aaoaaiiy: a?ae iaeaeeae/iai eiea ni?eeoaaiiy ?iaeea?aeo aei oi?i
aeeai? i?e?iaee (oaa?eie, ?ineeie), ia’?eo?a o?ce/ii? iaoa??? oa anueiai
Einiino. Iniiai? oi?ie i?iaoe?thaaiiy — ia?aiin oa eiio?ia?aiin —
aeieeathoue niiioaiii oa iiaeooue aooe aeae?eai? ia aoaeue-yeiio c
??ai?a nioe?aeueii? eiioi?eaoe?? — ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio, i?aeiniaiaiio,
a?oiiaiio, a ?acoeueoaoii ae?? i?iaeoe?e ? i?ia?anoth/a a?ae/oaeaiiy
?iaeea?ae?a a?ae ?o aaciina?aaeiueiai ioi/aiiy oa caio?aiiy a ?ethc??,
ui ii?iaeaeo? aaeaeoae?noue, aiao?th oa aaca?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue. I?ioa,
ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ?aeeiith a?aeiith aeueoa?iaoeaith iana?aeiiei
i?iaeoe?yi ? naiii?ciaiiy oa e?eoe/ia noaaeaiiy aei aeaniiai
nioe?aeueiiai ioi/aiiy.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao “I?o ye i?aai?caoi? i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy noeoiiiai
aeina?aeo ethaenoaa” ni?yiiao?oueny ia aecia/aii? ?ie? i?oo a nenoai?
noaeeo na?aeiieo nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a, ine?eueee a?i iinoa?
ea?ioanaioe??th an?o neiaie?/ieo i?iaeoe?e oa icia/aieo oi?i
nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo. I?o, ye iaea?eueo oe?e?nia, aeiaa?oaia
ooai?aiiy, aa?oeia eieaeoeaii? iana?aeiii? “oai?/ino?”, ?aeeii caeaoiee
aa?iii?coaaoe noinoiee i?ae ethaeeiith oa na?oii, ethaeeiith oa
ethaeeiith, ethaeeiith oa noni?euenoaii, iaaeath/e ?ao?iiaaiee oa
iai/iee c?acie naino ethaenueeiai aoooy, ui aa?aioo? iaea?eueo
i?iaeoeoeaia canai?iiy ?iaeea?aeii aeno?aeoo iana?aeiieo ci?no?a. I?o
caaacia/o? oe?e?ni?noue na?aeiiiai iiaioaaiiy neiaie?/ieo niaeo??a, ui
a?aeia?aaeathoue c?oeiaiiy oa aca?iiae?th a?oaoei?/ieo i?ioeeaaeiinoae.
I???iooth/e ethaeeio a na?o?, a?i ?icaeyaea? ?? eeoa ye ianeaio oa
niiaeyaeaeueio ?noioo, i?ioa, iaaeath/e ?e i?i?iaeueio iiaeeea?noue
i?ciaiiy, aea iicaaaeyth/e ia?niaeoea iniaeno?noiiai ?icaeoeo.
Iieiioaaiiy na?aeiiino? i?oii i?aaeth? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue oa
iecaiaeeoue, /e ooo/ii oo?eio? aai eiina?ao? na?aeii?noue ethaeeie ia
??ai? ia?a?niiai eieaeoeaiiai noaio.

I?o iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ie?ai?e ethaeeie oa noni?euenoao a oe?eiio
aeeth/aiiy i?eioeei?a iana?aeiiiai a aaciina?aaeith oeaieio nueiaiaeaiiy
oa oi?ioaaiiy ia oe?e iniia? iaeaooiueiai ?icaeoeo. Ioaea, iaeiei c
aieiaieo caaaeaiue i?oo ? aa?iii?caoe?y ni?eeiyooy, iiaeieaiiy ?ic?eao
i?ae ethaeeiith oa na?oii, i?ae “/anoeiaie” ethaeeie oa “/anoeiaie”
na?oo, oi/a oea e a?aeaoaa?oueny eeoa ???aoe?iiaeueieie caniaaie. Iiaeia
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui no?oeoo?a i?oo, c iaeiiai aieo, iiaoi?th? no?oeoo?o
ethaenueeiai, c ?ioiai ae, i?o aeaco? ethaeei? ia ?? i?noea a Einiin?,
?, ia?aoo?, aenooia? aa?aioii caa?aaeaiiy noaa?eueiino? aioo??oiueiai
na?oo ethaeeie oa cae/ieo aeey ia? ca’yce?a c ioi/oth/ei, aea oea
iiaeeeai eeoa ca oiiaith, ui ethaeeia oe?eeii a?aeaeaia i?ae aeaaeo
i?oo. Acaaae?, o?eaae?noue aeeooy i?oo caeaaeeoue a?ae ooieoe?iiaeueii?
a?aeiia?aeiino? eiai neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?? eieaeoeaiiai
iana?aeiiiai, a?ae aeoeaii?, oai?/i? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?iaeea?aeaie
a?oaoei?/ieo neooaoe?e. A?i aie?a?, yeui i?ye ia aieeaa? ia ethaeae,
ao?a/a? caeaoi?noue aei ?icaeoeo, yeui eiai iin?? nai? ia oi/ooue aai ae
ia iiaeooue aooe aaeaeaaoieie na?oo, ui ci?ith?oueny.

Iniiaiei niiniaii ?nioaaiiy i?oo aenooia? ?eooae ye iaaiee iaoai?ci
a?aeoai?aiiy ci?noo naiiai i?oo oa iiaeaethaaiiy i?o?/ieo neooaoe?e o
?aaeueiiio aeeoo?. Iaoa ?eooaeueii? ae?? – a?aeoai?aiiy Aaniethoo oeyoii
aeae?eaiiy o ?aaeueiiio aeeoo? ie?aieo iiiaio?a, ye? a?ia?o?ioothoueny,
a /anoi e aeiaiaeyoueny aei aano?aeo. Aoaeue-yeee oaeo ae?eniino?
ioe?ith?oueny c iiceoe?e aeia?a ? cea, i?ioa, aeeth/aiee aei no?oeoo??
?eooaeo ia i?aeeyaa? i?yeei ii?aeueiei ioe?ieai. ?eooae caoueia?th?
nooi?noue ethaeeie, ?aii?oth/e ??ciiiai?oi?noue ?? ?nioaaiiy, oaeei
/eiii, i?aee?anethth/e ?? eieaeoeaio i?e?iaeo.

Aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui aea?eueiaiiy ethaeeie c i?ae oioaeueiiai
eiio?ieth i?oo iiaeeeaa eeoa ia oeyoao naiii?ciaiiy, ui iaiaei?iii
ia?aaeaa/a? iinooiiaa inai?iiy aeeaeiieo iana?aeiieo ia?aaeoiia ??
?nioaaiiy. Eeoa o?eueee aioo??oi? ona?aeiieaia eiinie?aeaoe?y na?aeiieo
oa iana?aeiieo noi??i ?iaeea?aeo iiaea i?ioenoiyoe iaaaciaoe? eiai
iooi?iiy oa ?ic/eio a ian?. Ne?ae iniaeeai a?aei?oeoe, ui i? ?ae?a??, i?
ia?o?? ? iaoe?? aai Aea?aeaae, ye? ia?aaoaathoue o na?aeiiino?
?iaeea?aeo eeoa o i?o?/iiio noaoon?, ia a ciic? caoenoeoe aioo??oi?e
na?o ethaeeie a?ae caoaiiai aieeao eieaeoeaieo oi?i, iaaiaee, an? oe?
?inoeoooe iaaiith i??ith i?iaieothoue ia?iaiaioia a?aeoai?aiiy ethaeae
iane.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao “?iaeea?aeoaoe?eiee aei?? oeea?e?caoe?? oa eoeueoo?e”
i?enay/o?oueny aecia/aiith oeaio?aeueii? i?iaeaie noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo,
yea, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iieyaa? a iniaeeainoyo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa noni?eueieo oi?i oa a?aeiia?aeii ??ai?a
i?aai?caoe?? ethaenueeiai aoooy.

Aaiethoe?y ethaenoaa a?aeaoaa?oueny ia iaae?, ui ?icae?ey? i?ei?oeaiee,
aeeeee na?o oa na?o oeea?e?ciaaiee, ia?a?nii eieaeoeaia aeeooy ?iaeo oa
oaiaeaioe?th aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iniaeno?noiiai, ui iino?eii
i?aeneeth?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, ?noi??y iinoa? i?ioeanii ?icai?oaiiy
iana?aeiiiai, ye iaaiiai aoaiiiai ?ooo, nooo?aith oa?aeoa?enoeeith yeiai
? oa, ui eiaeiee ianooiiee aoai yaey? niaith “ia?aaa?oaiiy”
iiia?aaeiueiai ca?aaee iiooeo nai?? i?ioeeaaeiino?. A ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oeea?e?caoe?? oa eoeueoo?e a?aeia?aaea? oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? eieaeoeaiiai
oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai o oi?ioaaii? na?aeiiino?. Oeea?e?caoe?y
a?oioo?oueny ia ?icai?oaii? eieaeoeaieo oi?i i?aai?caoe?? noni?eueiiai
aeeooy, yea iai?aaey?oueny aeciaaiiith oaiaeaioe??th iana?aeiiiai. A i?e
ao?eththoueny ia’?eoeaiaai?, a oiio a?ae/oaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. A oie aea /an, aacoth/enue ia neiaie?,
i?o?, a?oaoei?, eieaeoeai?noue ? eiai ooiaeaiaioii, ia yeiio
aeaoaeiao?oueny Iniaeno?noue oa Eoeueoo?a. Naia oea e aeiaiaeeoue, ui
noooth oeea?e?caoe?? yaey?oueny eoeueoo?a, yea neeaaea?oueny c inai?ieo
?iaeea?aeii oaiiiai?a. Ethaeeia, ui ?ici?aaeia/o? ia?ice?eoee iioaioe?ae
eoeueoo?e, caeaoia ia o?eueee i?ioenoaaeoe naaa oeea?e?caoe??, aea e
a?aeiaeoe iioeiaeuei? oi?ie ?o aca?iiae??. Oaeei /eiii, eeoa ca oiia
a??aiiaaaeaiiy aeciaaiii? oa aiaeiaaiii? oaiaeaioe?e iiaeia caaacia/eoe
aa?iii?eio i?aai?caoe?th oa a?aeoai?aiiy noni?euenoaa.

I?ioean aeoeaiiai inai?iiy oa ia?aoai?aiiy ae?eniino? ia iiaea
?icaeyaeaoeny ye aeeeth/ia i?a?iaaoeaa na?aeiiino?, ine?eueee aiia naia
iinoa?, c iaeiiai aieo, ?acoeueoaoii naii?icai?oaiiy iana?aeiiiai, a c
?ioiai – i?aenoieii inai?iiy na?aeii?noth, ui noa?, oeueiai i?ioeano oa
eiai ieiae?a. Ni?iae ooo/iiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy aaiethoe?? iniaenoino? oa
na?aeiiino? ne?ae aaaaeaoe iani?iiiaeieie, /a?ac oa, ui ni?aaaei?e
i?ia?an iniaenoino? iiaeeeaee eeoa ia i?aenoaa? ae?yeueiino?
na?aeiiino?, a oiio /ene?, e c o?aooaaiiyi iaaaoeaieo noi??i oeueiai
i?ioeano. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai na?aeiiiai ?inoo iiaeii?
aaaaeaoeny o?eueee iaaeaaiiyi noa’?eoo, a ia i?iaoe?thaaoeny ia o? /e
?io? ciai?oi? aaoi?eoaoe, ui ianooue noni?eueio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
ia?niiaeuei? i?acaioaoe?? oa ?eooaeueia a?aeoai?aiiy Ciaiiy.

Oai?/ee i?aeo?ae aei i?ciaiiy i?eioeei?a ona?aeiieaii? iniaeno?noii?
aaiethoe?? aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ?iaeea?aeoaoe?y ye iniaeeaa
oi?ia na?aeiii? ?aaeueiino? c iaiao?aei?noth iio?aao? a?aeiia?aeiiai
aaeaeaaoiiai iaoiaeo naiii?ciaiiy, yeee aaoi? i?iiiio? ?iaioaaoe
?io?ieia??th, ui iieyaa? a ia?iaiaioiiio aiae?c? noa’?eoii iniaeeainoae
?icaeoeo aeanii? na?aeiiino? ia i?aenoaa? ?ici?aaeia/oaaiiy caaaeo
a?oaoei?/ieo iana?aeiieo ci?no?a, ? a ia?oo /a?ao a?oaoeio Naiino?,
iai/i? i?acaioaoe?? yeeo e noathoue ooiaeaiaioii noaiiaeaiiy
Iaaena?aeiiino?, ui yaey?oueny ye?nii iiaei ??aiai a?aeiinei Iniaenoino?
oa Noni?euenoaa, Ethaeeie oa Na?oo.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ?ice?eooy oe??? Oa?ie, oiaoi ona?aeiieaiiy
iaoioiaeiino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai oa eieaeoeaiiai, na?aeiiiai oa
iana?aeiiiai, noa? aieiaiith oiiaith ?icaeoeo Iniaenoino?, a oiio e
ciaeii iioaioe?eii? caeaoiino? eieaeoeao ciyoe aeanio oioae?oa?i?noue ye
iieaciee eiai ia?aoai?aiino?. Ona?aeiieaiiy oeueiai iieiaeaiiy iaieio/a
i?ecaiaeeoue aei noeeaiiy ethaeeie c i?iaeaiith ?? a?aeie?aieaiiy a?ae
noaaea, a oiio – c i?iaeaiith naiioiino?. Oea e ? o??th aaeeeith
oe?iith, ui ia? caieaoeoe ethaeeia ca iiaeeea?noue ianieiaeaeoaaoeny
?iaeea?aeoaeueiith aeeoo?aith ni?iiiaei?noth.

AENIIAEE

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? ie?aneth? ia?niaeoeae
iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee i?iaeai, ui aiae?coaaeeny, oa i?aeaiaeeoue
caaaeuei? i?aenoiee ?iaioe, ye? iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio:

— a?oaoei eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye a?aee?eoo
nenoaio, ui naiii?aai?co?oueny, oa aecia/a?, caaea? niaeo? iiaeeeaeo
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo nain?a ? aa??aioe ?o ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia ??ai? ye
ie?aiiai ?iaeea?aeo, oae ? noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio. Naia oea iiaeiii aooe
i?aenoaaith aeey iaaeaiiy aoaeue-yeiio oaiiiaio noaoono a?oaoeio;

— a?oaoei aenooia? i?aai?caoi?ii oa oai?oeai nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo
aoaeue-yeiai ??aiy caaaeueiino?, oaeoi?ii, ui iia’yco? nainii aeina?ae
oa oyaeaiiy, aa?aioii iiaeeeai? i?enooiino? naino acaaae?;

— nioe?ieoeueoo?iee iioaioe?ae a?oaoeio iieyaa? naia a eiai caeaoiino?
aenooiaoe aeey ?iaeea?aeo ?aaeueiith eiiiainaoe??th ianoa/?
aaeaioaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a, ioi?ieyoe, aeooae?ciaoaaoe o na?aeiiino?, oa
ca aeiiiiiaith ia?ac?a ? neiaie?a c’?aeioaaoe aeooiaiee aeina?ae
ethaenueeeo iieie?iue;

— aeciaiiy i?eioeeiiai? a?aeiiniino? na?aeiiiai oa iana?aeiiiai aea?
iiaeeea?noue aa/eoe ca aoaeue-yeei oaeoii ae?eniino? aeoaeuei?noue eiai
ci?noo, yeee ii?aeio?oueny neiaieii, ui iaaoaa?, oaeei /eiii, aeey
?iaeea?aeo, eieaeoeao oa noni?euenoaa caaaeii eiinie?aeoth/iai cia/aiiy;

— ia ??ai? na?aeiiino? neiaie?/i? iana?aeii? eiino?oeoe??
?ai?acaioothoueny a?aeiia?aeii a ia?acao, ciaeao, cia/aiiyo, naia oae
nainiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy neiaieo o?ainoi?io?oueny o eaoaai??? na?aeiiino?;

— iayai?noue iaaii? /anoeie iaona?aeiieaieo a?oaoei?/ieo ci?no?a noa?
i?eaiaeii aeey oi?ioaaiiy oa iioe?aiiy ia ??ai? na?aeiiino? noa’?eoeaieo
i?iaeoe?e ye ?acoeueoao?a a?ae/oaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeii ia?ici?aaeia/aieo
aniaeo?a naiai aoooy, ui ii?iaeaeo? ciaoe?ithaaiiy iniaenoino? oa
noni?eueiee oain;

— ea?ioanaioe??th an?o neiaie?/ieo i?iaeoe?e aenooia? i?o, yeee
caaacia/o? iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaia canai?iiy ?iaeea?aeii aeno?aeoo
iana?aeiieo ci?no?a, oe?e?ni?noue ona?aeiieaiiy neiaie?/ieo niaeo??a, ui
a?aeia?aaeathoue c?oeiaiiy oa aca?iiae?th a?oaoei?/ieo i?ioeeaaeiinoae;

— iiaioaaiiy ?iaeea?aeii i?o?/ieo aeoie?a naiai aoooy ? iaiaei?iiith
ia?aaeoiiaith ?icaeoeo ye eieaeoeaieo oi?i ?nioaaiiy ethaenoaa, ui
ao?eth?oueny o oeea?e?caoe??, oae ? noathoue ooiaeaiaioii eiai
?iaeea?aeoaoe??, ui e aecia/a? nooi?noue oa ni?yiiaai?noue eoeueoo?iiai
i?ia?ano.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. I?ciaiiy a?oaoeio ye oiiaa eoeueoo?ii? aaiethoe?? ethaeeie //
Aeooaeuei? o?einionuee? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie no/aniino?, — E.:
EAeEO, 1997. – N.69-80 (0,5 ae.a.).

2. ?ieue ooaeiaeiueiai ia?aco a i?ioean? ?iaeea?aeoaoe?? // Iaaeaaia?ea
? iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy. I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? iniaenoino?.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – N.: NAeI? ?iai? A.N.Iaea?aiea, 1997. –
N.76-88 (0,5 ae.a.)

3. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy na?aeiieo oa iana?aeiieo eiiiiiaio?a eiiiiceoe??
“Oe?nno” Aeae.Aeaeiena. // Aeooaeuei? o?einionuee? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/i?
i?iaeaie no/aniino?. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. -E.: OIA “I?aeia?iaeia
o?iainiaa aaaioe?y”, 1998. – N. 85-93 (0,5 ae.a.).

4. I?iaeaia ??ai?a a?aeoai?aiiy o na?aeiiino? iana?aeiieo ci?no?a //
Aeooaeuei? o?einionuee? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie no/aniino?:
aeueiaiao. -E.: OIA “I?aeia?iaeia o?iainiaa aaaioe?y”, 1998. – N. (0,5
ae.a.).

5. I?i aeaye? ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy iiiyooy “a?oaoei” aei aiae?co
aoooy ethaeeie // Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie a?ae 29.04.1996. — ?1032-Oe96.
Iaae?oe. “Aeaiiie?iaaiiua iao/iua ?aaiou”. -?168?-96 a?ae 19.07.96. (0,8
ae.a.)

6. Aei i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oaoeio // Oace iaoeiaeo /eoaiue c
iaaiaee 60-??//y a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy A.N. Eaia?nueeiai. – E.:
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.Oaa/aiea, 1996. — N.47-49 (0,1 ae.a.).

7. Iaoe?iiaeueia aeoiaaiiy oa i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? OO? no. //
Oace aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe??
“Aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a o oaoi?/iiio aoc?: iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee,
i?aeoeea, ia?niaeoeae”. – E.: OAeOOO, 1996. – N.290-291 (0,1 ae.a.).

AIIOAOe??

Iaeaiei N.A. Oaiiiaiieia?y a?oaoeio a nenoai? nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai
inai?iiy eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai (ia iaoa??aeao oai?/ino? E.A.THiaa).
– ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe c niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.03. – nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y
?noi???. – ?inoeooo o?einio?? IAI Oe?a?ie. — Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y yaey? niaith ni?iao iiaoaeiae iaoiaeieia?/ii? iiaeae?
aca?iiae?? na?aeiiino? c? ci?noaie eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai oa
aecia/aiiy ia oe?e i?aenoaa? iai?yi?a ?? canoinoaaiiy aei aiae?co
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy ethaeeie. Aeine?aeaeoth/e oaiiiaiieia?/ia
?icai?oaiiy a?oaoei?a a ia?acieo oa neiaie?/ieo i?acaioaoe?yo
na?aeiiino?, aaoi? iaaieioo? ia nioe?aeuei?e cia/ouino? inai?iiy
??ciiiai?oieo aeya?a eieaeoeaiiai iana?aeiiiai oa ie?aneth? ia?niaeoeae
aaiethoe?? iniaenoino? ? noni?euenoaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eieaeoeaia iana?aeiia, a?oaoei, aeina?ae na?aeiiino?,
aiaio?iae?ii?y i?ioeeaaeiinoae, neiaie, i?iaeoe?y, ?iaa?iaoe?y, i?o,
?io?ieia?y, ?iaeea?aeoaoe?y.

Iaeaiei N.A. Oaiiiaiieiaey a?oaoeia a nenoaia nioeeieoeueoo?iiai
inaiaiey eieeaeoeaiiai aanniciaoaeueiiai (ia iaoa?eaeao oai?/anoaa
E.A.THiaa). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.03. – nioeeaeueiay oeeinioey e oeeinioey
enoi?ee. –Einoeooo oeeioioee IAI Oe?aeiu, — Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iiiuoeo iino?iaiey iaoiaeieiae/aneie
iiaeaee acaeiiaeaenoaey niciaiey n niaea?aeaieyie eieeaeoeaiiai
aanniciaoaeueiiai e ii?aaeaeaiey ia yoie iniiaa iai?aaeaiee aa
i?eiaiaiey e aiaeeco nioeeaeueiiai auoey /aeiaaea. Enneaaeoy
oaiiiaiieiae/aneia ?acai?a/eaaiea a?oaoeiia a ia?aciuo e neiaiee/aneeo
i?acaioaoeeyo niciaiey, aaoi? ia?auaao aieiaiea ia nioeeaeueioth
cia/eiinoue inaiaiey ?aciiia?aciuo i?iyaeaiee eieeaeoeaiiai
aanniciaoaeueiiai e i/a?/eaaao ia?niaeoeau ee/iinoiie e iauanoaaiiie
yaiethoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eieeaeoeaiia aanniciaoaeueiia, a?oaoei, iiuo niciaiey,
yiaioeiae?iiey i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae, neiaie, i?iaeoeey, eiaaeiaoeey, ieo,
eio?ieiaey, eiaeeaeaeoaoeey.

Malenko S.A. Phenomenology of archetype in the system of sociocultural
learning of the collective unconscious (on the material of works of
C.G.Jung).- Manuscript.

The dissertation for obtaining of degree of bachelor of philosophic
science on speciality – 09.00.03 social philosophy and philosophy of
history. Institute of Philosophy, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiev,
1998.

The dissertation is an attempt of elaboration of the methodological
model of interaction of consciousness with the matters of the collective
unconscious and definition on this basis of the directions of its.
application to the social being of the man. Investigating the
phenomenological development of the archetypes in imaginative and
symbolic presentations of consciousness the author pays attention to the
social importance of the learning of different manifestations of the
collective unconscious of personal and social evolution.

Key words: collective unconscious, archetype, experience of
consciousness, enantiodromia of the opposites, symbol, projection, myth,
intrologia, individuation.

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